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Elections: PPP demands 11 seats sacrifice from MQM in Karachi JAVED MAHMOOD ISLAMABAD—Pakistan People’s Party’s leader-ship has sought sacrifice of 11 seats of National Assembly and Sindh Assembly in Karachi from the Muttehida Qaumi

Petroleum, CNG rates slashed by Rs2 ISLAMABAD—The government has decided to cut petrol and CNG prices, with raise in other petroleum products. The new rates will be effective Continued on Page 7

Movement (MQM) during the upcoming elections, sources told Pakistan Observer. During his recent meeting with MQM chief Altaf Hussain in London, Cochairman of the PPP and President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari proposed adjustment on four

seats of the National Assembly and seven seats of the Sindh Assembly in Karachi, said sources. Co-chairman of the PPP told MQM chief that PPP candidates can comfortably win elections in Sindhi-Balochs dominated areas in Karachi like Lyari,

Chakiwara, Pan Mandi, Jubilee, Landhi, Korangi, Malir, Malir Extension and Goths in case MQM candidates are not pitched there, said sources. Asif Zardari apprised the MQM chief that the PPP can

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Fazl dreams of election victory in Sindh

ISPR: Malala’s health satisfactory

‘Rulers following ill-conceived policies’

ISLAMABAD—Spokesman of

OBSERVER REPORT SUKKUR —Addressing a big public meeting here Sunday Chief of Jamiat Ulama-e-Islam (F) Maulana Fazl-Ur-Rehman said his party would emerge as a victorious party in Sindh in the forthcoming general elections. He said the present rulers have sealed their fate as they betrayed trust of the people. He pointed out that the challenges faced by Pakistan resulted from ill conceived

policies of the rulers. He said the revival of Muttahida Majlas-i-Amal (MMA) would bring an impor-

See also Back Page tant impact on the results of the forthcoming elections and the alliance would make major gains particularly in Sindh. The Maulana said that coutry was passing through an important phase of the history.

Over $2 billion gas stolen every year ALI SYED ISLAMABAD —In the energy deficient country like Pakistan , the costly gas of over $ 2 billion gets stolen, and leaked from the system every year. According to working paper of Planning Commission available with Pakistan Observer, the unaccounted for gas (UFG) in

both the systems of gas utilities—sui southern gas company limited (SSGCL) and sui northern gas company limited (SNGPL) is hovering around close to 10 percent whereas it stand at 1-2 percent in developed countries. The working of Planning Commission unfolds that 10 percent of UFG in Pakistan means

the huge loss of $ 2 billion a year at the import price of fur-nace oil. It says that the large scale operations of public sector companies (SNGPL and SSGCL) have led to in-efficiency and loss of competition in gas distribution and marketing. It highlights that there is a

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MQM to support Army action against Taliban: Altaf

ISPR on Sunday said that injured Malala Yusafzai’s health condition is making steady and satisfactory progress while the chances for sending her abroad still on card. The teenaged schoolgirl is under medical treatment at Combined Military Hospital (CMH) here, following she was AMANULLAH KHAN targeted by militants in her home town in Swat on Tuesday. “Condition of Malala is K ARACHI —Altaf Hussain, stable. She is making steady and Chief of Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) while strongly condemning what he Continued on Page 7

Malala is daughter of the nation called the inhuman act of attacking on life on innocent Malala Yousufzai has said that his party would strongly support Army action against Taliban. Addressing a large crowd of

MQM supporters and workers at Jinnah ground from London this evening he said that Malala and other students attacked by Tehfreek e Taliban Pakistan was

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Jirga terms Malala as Fakhar-e-Pakhtun GHALANAI—A peace Jirga of Haleemzai tribe of Mohammand Agency here Sunday while strongly condemned brutal terrorists attack on the national peace award winner, Malala Yusafzai demanded strict action against the attackers and termed her as Fakhar-ePakhtoon. The meeting of peace jirga of Wali Baig, Kadikhel, Hamzakhel and Kamalikhel, the sub tribes of Haleemzai tribe, was held at Sangar in Tehsil Haleemzai that was attended by more than 500 tribal elders and notables of the area. The jirga was presided over by Chairman Haleemazai Peace Committee, Malik Muhammad Ali Haleemzai, retired Commissioner Hidayatullah Khan, Maulana Abdul Haq Sangar and Maualana Sahib Haq. Strongly condemned attack on recipient of Tamgah-e-Shujaat, the speakers termed assault on Malala Yusafzai is against Pakthoon culture and tradition. Attack on women is also against teaching of Islam, they added. They said attack on Malala Yusafzai had exposed the evil mindset of militants. They said Malala Yusafzai has struggled for promoting peace and girls education and vowed to fulfill her mission. Malala Yusafzai was attacked to deprive girls from education and harms peace. They said Malala Yousafzai is a symbol of constant struggle and determination. They urged tribesmen to stand united against antistate elements, who are attacking our girls, women, mosque, funerals, schools and hospitals.—APP

Govt taking measures to fight blindness: Zardari ISLAMABAD—President Asif stowed on us a life free of any other civilized countries and Ali Zardari said the present government has taken measures to fight blindness and help integrate those afflicted with impaired vision in the mainstream of national life. In a message on the occasion of “International White Cane Safety Day” falling on October 15, the President said, “the observance of White Cane Safety Day is a reminder to us all to our responsibilities towards those special persons who suffer from visual disabilities.” He said it is also an occasion to create awareness about the problems and needs of the visually handicapped persons and to step up efforts to address those problems. “The visually impaired have taught us two fundamental lessons. One, to be grateful that Allah has be-

disability and two, to doggedly fight the battle of life despite hazards and challenges,” he added. The President said, “On this day, we appreciate and admire the great courage of special persons who refuse to surrender before disabilities.” “We appreciate the white cane as the symbol of defiance against disabilities and a proclamation that no disability is too great to conquer human will,” he added. He called upon everyone to show greater consideration for visually impaired persons and make efforts to ensure their integration in the society. “We also need to compare the standard of care we give to the visually impaired people with that available in

take urgent and practical steps to achieve the same standards in caring for them.” He said a number of projects for the prevention and cure of blindness have been undertaken to meet the millennium goals. “Steps have also been taken for the education and rehabilitation of the visually impaired people. But much more needs to be done.” The President commended all those individuals and associations who are engaged in the task of rehabilitation of the disabled. “I also call upon the people and relevant government agencies to step up their efforts to address the problems of the visually handicapped people,” he con- MULTAN: Jamaat-e-Islami Secretary General Liaquat Baloch and others sitting on stage during the Tameer-ecluded.—APP Pakistan Youth Convention at Arts Council.

Three killed in firing STAFF REPORTER Q UETTA —At least three people have been killed and one injured in an incident of firing in the provincial capital on Sunday night. Deputy Inspector General Investigation Police Hamid Shakil told APP that unknown armed men riding bike opened indiscriminate fire on a suzuki car near City police station, killing one person and injur-

ing three others. The assailants managed to escape. later, hospital sources said that two more injured succumbed to their injuries. The police have cordoned off the entire area to trace the attackers. Further probe was underway. It is reported from Faisalabad that a man was killed while five others were injured in an road accident here on Sunday. According to Rescue

1122, a speeding van over turned on Motorway. Resultantly, Mola Dad (65) died on the spot while his son Jahangir (17), wife Kausar (54), Nasir (40), Arshad (60) and Nazeer (27) suffered injuries and were shifted to Allied Hospital. Peshawar: FC personnel martyred: A personnel of Frontier Constabulary (FC) has been martyred during a shootout with outlaws at Bara Sheihan area here on Sunday.

P ESHAWAR —National Database Registration Authority has issued its latest directives regarding dismissal of employees involved in false N.I.C scandal. NADRA’s (National Database Registration Authority) chairman, Tariq Malik has designated targets for Nationwide vigilance authorities, including KPK, to help identified employees involved in the scam of making illegal N.I.Cs. NADRA sources have announced that the department has been scrutiny of its 70,000 employees, besides issuing notices.—Online

WWF-P, Balochistan Judicial Academy ink MoU

Ejaz Rahim gets 2010-Pitras Bukhari Award P ESHAWA R —Ejaz Rahim, noted poet, former Federal Minister, former Federal Cabinet Secretary and Chief Secretary KP’s latest book “Safwat Ghayoor & Other Poems” awarded with 2010 Pitras Bukhari Award by the Pakistan Academy of Letters, Government of Pakistan as a distinguished effort to pay Rich tribute of the son of soil of his great shahadat and his services for the humanity apart from Police. Ejaz Rahim graded high place of respect and regards among the literary circles of the not only Pakistan but also internationally. His latest poetic effort was a tribute to former CFC KPK Shaheed Safwat Ghayoor which was much appreciated in the literary community through out the country. The Gandhara Adbi Board of Pakistan in Peshawar also translates this great effort of Ejaz Rahim in Pushto, Urdu and Hindko for the readers. Abdul Hamid Chairman Pakistan Academy of Letters on his own behalf and on behalf of all literary community of the country congratulates Ejaz Rahim.—Online

NADRA vigilance cell to identify corrupt employees

MULTAN: Students participating in wall painting competition during Youth Festival 2012.

Rashid Shaheed Foundation formed STAFF REPORTER P E S H AWA R —Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister for Information, Mian Iftikhar Hussain said Sunday that 2nd death anniversary of his son Mian Rashid Hussain Shaheed would be held here in Nishtar Hall on October 16. He said that Chief Minister Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Amir Haider Khan Hoti would be the chief guest on the occassion. This, he stated, while chairing a meeting regarding the formation of Mian Rashid Hussain Shaheed Foundation at Peshawar. The meeting besides others, was also attended by the Social Welfare Minister, Sitara Ayaz, MPAs Tabassum Younas Katozai, Yasmin Zia, Vice Chancellor Chakdarra Prof. Dr. Johar Ali, renowned psychiatrist Dr. Mian Iftikhar Hussain, president PUTA,

Jamil Ahmad Chatrali, senior journalists Ismail Khan, Shamim Shahid, President ANP PK-12 Zar Ali Khan and social worker Idrees Kamal. The meeting was convened to complete the documentation process of the Mian Rashid Hussain Shaheed Foundation. It may be recalled that due to Ramazan- ul- Mubarak, the 2nd death anniversary of Mian Rashid Hussain Shaheed was celebrated with simplicity at his ancestral village Pabbi and now it was announced that formal function in this respect would be held on October 16. Mian Iftikhar Hussain said that martyrs never died rather they were always alive and this was revealed in the Holy Quran. Keeping in view the highness of martyrs, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government has announced a special martyrs

day in the province in memory of the martyrs in terrorism and militancy, he added. The minister said, at first, he was actively thinking for establishment of model orphanage where the orphans could get free education upto higher secondary level. He, however, said, on the advice of his friends and wellwishers, he delayed the idea of orphanage and decided to form a foundation in the name of his only martyred son Mian Rashid Hussain Shaheed.He added that establishment of model orphanage was final and it would be started as joint venture with Sitara Ayaz. The Information Minister said that selfless services of the ailing humanity was his utmost desire in his life from the day first and establishment of Mian Rashid Shaheed Foundation was a step toward this direction.

QUETTA —Balochistan Judicial Academy and World Wide Fund for Nature-Pakistan (WWF-P), has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), in which they pledged to cooperate and supplement each others efforts in their respective fields of working to preserve nature Signing ceremony. The ceremony was held here at a local hotel where Chief Justice Balochistan High Court Mr Justice Qazi Faez Issa , Director General WWF-P Ali Hassan Habib and other officers of both organizations were also present on the occasion. Addressing the ceremony, the Chief Justice, Balochistan High Court, Mr Justice Qazi Faez Issa underlined the need for taking drastic measures to conserve the nature. I am very much concerned on the laws pertaining to the environment as it was the Balochistan judiciary that convened a conference on environmental laws last year in Quetta presided over by the Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Mohamamd Chaudhry. The CJ BHC termed the Hangol and Hajar Ganji park of Balochistan as assets and said that the nature and ancient species must be preserved.—APP

Protection of Zil Hajj moon sighting committee to meet on Oct 17 minorities’ I SLAMABAD —Meeting of for final announcement. Central Ruet-e-Hilal Committee for sighting of Zil Hajj moon moon would be held on Oct 17 (Wednesday). As per direction issued by Ministry of Religious Affairs, the Committee would meet on 29th of Ze-Qad at Pakistan Meteorological Department building, Main University Road, Gulistan-eJauhar, Karachi. The Zonal and District Ruet-e-Hilal Committee will hold their meeting at their respective places on same date and time. The Zonal Ruete-Hilal committee, Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT) will hold its meeting at building of Ministry of Religious Affairs, near GPO Islamabad. All information about the position of crescent will be conveyed to Chairman, Central Ruet-e-Hilal Committee in Karachi on Cell No. 03009285203, 021-5688307, 0219204761, 021-5684550, 02199261404 (Met Department)

Smooth Hajj operation is in full swing: Religious Affairs Ministry: The Ministry of Religious Affairs on Saturday said that a smooth Hajj operation is in full swing. According to the ministry, all the Hajj flights are taking off according to their respective schedules and there has been no complaint of late take offs or arrivals at the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. It said that a total of more than 110,000 Pakistani pilgrims have arrived at Saudi Arabia. Among these pilgrims, 68,000 are performing Hajj under the Government Hajj Scheme.Likewise, more than 1500 persons of Hajj welfare staff have also started their activities in Saudi Arabia. The dedicated medical mission is also busy in providing all possible health coverage and medical facilities to the Pakistani pilgrims. It said so far 20 pilgrims have been passed away.—APP

Rain likely in twin cities, up-country I SLAMABAD —After weeks Gilgit-Baltistan, Kashmir and long dry weather conditions, Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) on Sunday indicated chances of rain at few places of twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi during the next 24 hours. The met office has also indicated chances of rain at Malakand, Hazara Division, Kashmir and adjoining hilly areas during the next 24 hours. However, mainly dry weather is also expected in most parts of the country. According to the synoptic situation, continental air is prevailing over most parts of the Country. A shallow westerly wave would also likely to affect northern parts of the country from tonight and likely to persist for next 24 hours. The Lahore Meteorological department has forecast partly cloudy weather with chances of thunderstorm/rain in the provincial capital during the next 24 hours.The weather pundits say that scattered thunderstorm/rain is expected over Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,

Rawalpindi division. Isolated thunderstorm/rain is expected over Gujranwala, Lahore, Sargodha and Faisalabad divisions. The minimum temperature of the city was recorded 20 degree celsius

while the maximum 33. The Multan local Met office has forecast party cloudy weather for the city and its suburbs during the next 24 hours. On Sunday, the maximum and minimum temperatures were recorded as 34.7 and 21.5 degrees centigrade, respectively. Humidity was recorded as 87 per cent at 8am and 44 per cent at 5pm. The Meteorological department forecast partly cloudy weather in the provincial capital during the next 24 hours.—APP

rights stressed OUR CORRESPONDENT

Q UETTA —The politicians representing political and religious parties Sunday called for protection of the minority’s rights in Balochistan during a ceremony held under the banner of the non-governmental organization “Center for Peace and Development” here. Abdul Rauf Lala, the leader of Pashtoonkhwa Milli Awami Party (PkMAP) said that Christians, Hindu, Sikh and others should not be taken as religious minorities as this term create an image of discrimination against them. He said that in Balochistan, minorities are being dealt with like brethren and sisters by Muslim community. Handeri Baloch of National Party (NP) said that through a conspiracy, Hindu community was being forced to flee Balochistan. He said that Hindu were being kidnapped for ransom as they have an adequate share in local business. Khalil George Bhutto of Pakistan Muslim League-N alleged that wrong spelling of names of Christian people is written in lists of NADRA and voter lists. Uzma Yaqoob, the Program Manager CPD said that their organization has launched minority rights’ drive in seven districts of Balochistan including Quetta, Loralai, Noshki, Bolan, Nasirabad, Jaffarabad and Sibi. “Focus of our drive is to end isolation of minorities and bring them to mainstream, “ she said.She added that efforts were being made to end discrimination against minorities in the society. She urged the political parties to make the minorities’ people, part of their organizations.Referring to 1998 Census, Uzma noted there were 2.3 million population of minorities in Pakistan , whom strength might be doubled this time.She urged the government, political parties, social organizations and media to play their role in ensuring protection of cultural, social, political and economic rights of minorities.

Education is key to strong, economically stable Pak: US CG M M A LAM K A R A C H I —US Consul General Michael Dodman congratulating some 1500 (English Access Microscholarship Program) graduating students here on Sunday, stated: “We believe that education is the key to strong, economically stable Pakistan & that you are helping to achieve that”. Dodman encouraging the graduates to give back to their communities said: “You have earned a skill that can open opportunities to you, one that you can use to help others. Through English Access you have also learned how to work together, resolve conflicts & the value of giving back to your communities. You now have the base on which to build your dreams”! These graduates have completed a

two-year English Access Microscholarship Program, sponsored by the US that funds International Education & Resource Network (IEARN)’s community service project of teaching English (free of charge) to the disadvantaged pupils, using latest language teaching technology. A large number of such students from all over Pakistan have also been selected to go to USA on pure merit through Youth Exchange & Study (YES) Program (for yearlong scholarships). Director Regional English Language Office (US Embassy) Joëlle Uzarski, who flew specially from Islamabad, informed that here the objective of the program was to identify socio-economically disadvantaged who had potential & to help provide the tools that would allow them to further move towards their goals: “Just because

they have some disadvantages does not mean that there is no hope for them”. Since its inception in 2004, over 70,000 students in more than 85 countries

have participated in the Access Program but the largest is in 16 locations across Pakistan where 5000 students are taking part (1500 students in nine

towns of Karachi, 600 in Quetta & Pishin, 100 each in Hyderabad & Rawalpindi…). Answering to a Pakistan Observer query as to why Pakistan’s

program was the biggest in the world, Joëlle Uzarski held that for young populace here education was high priority: “This is very much a partnership, we partner with institutions such as IEARN to deliver the highest possible quality education”. She informed this scribe that the budget was approximately US$1500 to 2000 per student for the (minimum) 406410 hours of contact teaching (reading, writing, speaking in the classroom) plus (extra time for) other activities. Observing that 5000 graduated in the last two years & another 5000 would join in the next program, she told: “ For growing, the challenge is to find adequate partners who have the infrastructure & have the passion, the motivation to do a program KARACHI: Consul General of USA Michael Dodman (C) with Joëlle Uzarski, Director like this”. Access Program’s Regional English Language Office (US Embassy), Corina R. Sanders, Public Relations Officers, Richard Silver Press Attaché, teachers & graduating students on Sunday.— Farah Rehman, praising the courage of teachers who PO photo by Javed Iqbal

commuted to troubled areas despite unpredictable condition of Karachi, told that they were paid Rs. 1500/h. Informing that their pupils lived below poverty line (or were from just very low-middle class families) she pointed out: “One of the student’s mother who was in the choir (at the ceremony) cleans the streets”. She said that after getting good command over English they were better considered for employment: “Many have taken parttime jobs & are supplementing their family income while continuing their education”. They are partner with 1700 (registered) schools with operations in the under-privileged areas all around Pakistan: “We invited them & presented the programs - the school has to have the infrastructure, at least a room where to put the resources. Since these are after school classes they should be will-

ing to provide the rooms”. She said that the best English language resources were made available to the pupils integrating the 21st century cutting edge methodologies & tailored materials. An Access teacher Nuzhat noted that presently enthusiastic students were introvert, confined to their own shells & suffering from lack of confidence a couple of years ago. Passing out Jalal Abbas from Ghulaman-e-Abbas, maintaining that one could not success without learning English, divulged that the program had completely changed his life. A content graduate told that Max Factor hired her directly when she went for the interview. Another student Aini Abdul Samad said that the program had polished her personality, as she was ‘lost in its magical sensation’!


All set to launch 3-day National Immunisation Campaign People’s weal prioritized S HORKOT —Deputy Prime Minister Chaudhry Pervez Elahi has said that masses should vote to those political parties which have the ability to resolve their problems. Addressing a public gathering in Shorkot on Sunday‚ he said the people must reject the opportunist with the power of their vote. He said that as the Chief Minister of Punjab he took a number of steps for uplift of various sectors and specially focused for the promotion of education and eliminated the Patwari culture. He said the present government of Punjab has failed to provide basic amenities of life to the people of the province. The Deputy Prime Minister said that the present coalition government is taking a number of steps for the uplift of the living standard of the people of the far flung areas. Earlier, addressing a big gathering on the occasion of Sui gas supply project inauguration in Pind Goraya in district Gujrat on Sunday he said, “We had established Cardiology Centre at Wazirabad and we would start it, says a press release on Sunday.” Elahi said that his party had started the project to construct Sialkot Motorway but this was dropped by N-League in enmity of Gujrat because Sialkot Motorway was to be linked with Gujrat. Parvez Elahi declared that the projects for the welfare of the people had been undertaken earlier and these would also continue in future as well. He maintained, “We had undertaken record development works in our tenure which are unparalleled in the history of Pakistan the Cardiology Center was established in Wazirabad at a cost of Rs3 billion but Nawaz Sharif and Shahbaz Sharif did not bother to start it adding that the outsiders have no concern with pains and sorrow of the people of Gujrat who, after Almighty Allah, share our honour. He said, “We have started 1122 Emergency Service in the Punjab which is a precious gift for the people of the province and set up the Gujrat University, like which there is no other university either in Pakistan or in India.”—NNI

6.2m KP, FATA children to be vaccinated STAFF REPORTER P ESHAWA R —All is set to launch a three-day National Immunisation Campaign (NIC) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA on Monday wherein 6.2 million children under five years of age would be administered Anti Polio Vaccine (OPV). Dr Jan Baz Afridi, Deputy Director EPI Khyber Pakhtunkhwa told APP on Sunday that all arrangements have been completed for holding of three-day antipolio campaign across the province, Federally Administered Tribal Areas including Afghan refugees’ camps from Monday ( Oct 15-17) and the vaccine has been provided to the concerned districts and agency headquarters. He said 5.2 million chil-

dren below five years of age would be given Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa while about one million kids would get the same facility in FATA. Dr Janbaz said that it was nation wise campaign and the Health Department of KP would be assisted by Traffic Police, Lady Health Workers, area incharge and social mobalizers. To achieve the said target, the official said 15500 teams for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and 3500 for FATA have been formed that will reach door to door and house to house to vaccinate children to make Pakistan Polio free country. He said Polio Eradication has been declared national emergency by the Government and Augmented National Emergency Action

Plan (ANEAP) has been devised to cope with this menace. The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has in recent months allocated Rs. 35.15 million for strengthening of the Union Council Polio Eradication Committees. He said district Polio Control Rooms have been established in each district and the Provincial Government is in close contact with the District administrations in the Province over the polio eradication initiative. In case of non-arrival of the teams, he held an appeal to parents and guardians to bring their children to nearest hospitals and BHUs for vaccination. To a question, he said special focus is being made to vulnerable and high risk areas, adding 17 polio cases were detected in KP and 15

STAFF REPORTER K HARIAN —Minister for In-

PESHAWAR —Khyber Pakthunkhwa Se-

Nation united against extremism PESHAWAR—Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Minister for Finance and General Secretary PPP Eng. Muhammad Humayun Khan Sunday said the sacrifice of national peace award winner, Malala Yusafzai and her fellow students have united nation against militancy and terrorism. He said that time has come to stand united against illiteracy and extremism to fulfill her true mission. He said Malala Yusafzai is a symbol of peace and education as she struggled for promoting girls education and establishment of peace in the society. The Minister said Benazir Bhutto Shaheed was the ideal of Malala Yusafzai who also embraced martyrdom while fighting for rights of poor, democracy, education, human rights and peace in the society. He was addressing to various delegations and party workers at his residence Jolagram, District Malakand who came there to congratulate him on his new assignment as Party General Secretary. He said PPP will contest the next upcoming elections on the basis of performance and will get overwhelming majority as the present government inspite of severe wave of terrorism and deteriorated law and order situation has performed well on national and provincial level for which the credit goes to federal and provincial party leadership and our workers. Earlier, the minister along with Ijaz Yousafzai, the new appointed President of Pakistan Youth Organization in their addressed at public gathering at Khar said that now it was the responsibility of PPP workers to convey the message of party to every nook and corner of the province to show good results to the party leadership and prove their selection a right decision. —APP

MUET holds pre-entry test HYDERABAD —As many 11,050 candidates appeared in pre-entry test conducted by Mehran University of Engineering and Technology (MUET), Jamshoro, at Public School Latifabad here on Sunday.According to MUETs spokesman Imdad Soomro, the university has offered 1,750 seats for admission to its 17 teaching faculties.A strict security arrangement was put in place due to the large number of candidates who turned up for the test from all the districts of Sindh. A vigilance team, comprised of the MUET’s vice chancellor Abdul Qadeer Rajput, Commissioner Hyderabad Divsion Ahmed Bux Narejo, vice Chancellor Quaid-e-Awam University, Shaheed Benazirabad,Dr Ali Baksh Soomro and deans of various faculties of the university, monitored the test.Speaking on the occasion to the media, the VC said that the MUET was conducting 16th entry test since 1998. The candidates and their parents while talking to the media expressed satisfaction over the arrangements of the test as well as over the security. Meeting of PMC alumni on Dec 22: The second Alumni get-together of Punjab Medical College (PMC) will be held here on December 22. A spokesman of the PMC told here on Sunday that arrangements were being finalized for the meeting which will comprise of opening session, inaugural tea, scientific sessions, lunch, interactive sessions, gala dinner, small group interactions, prize distribution, photo sessions and many more events.—APP

mance and reaching out to all children. Dr Jan Baz said the reward and punishment system has been introduced and officials with good performance are being rewarded. The official said DCOs and Political Agents have been directed to supervise and monitors the campaigns on grounds so that no child could be deprived of OPV that only way forward to defeat this menace. Dr Jan Baz held out an appeal to parents to vaccinate their children against polio and protect them from permanent disability and urged upon media and religious scholars to support the national cause and play its constructive role in raising awareness among the masses about polio that could be protected merely by administering two drops to their children.

M U LTA N —A man on Sunday alleged that his wife and in-laws had killed his two children over a family dispute. According to police, Imtiaz filed an application to Alpa police that his wife had gone to her parent’s house at Lohari Gate after a dispute. He alleged that after some days she informed him that his son Ahmed, 2, had drowned. On Saturday, she again informed him that his daughter Mashqat had also drowned. He alleged his wife and in-laws had killed his children over the dispute. Police are investigating. Meanwhile it is reported from Faisalabad that additional Sessions Judge Jaranwala Samar Hayat Gondal awarded death sentence to an accused involved in a murder case of Jaranwala police station.—APP

‘Reconciliation Qaim visits MPA Pitafi’s residence policy to strengthen PPP rendered sacrifices democracy’

Suspects to be netted soon nior Minister, Bashir Ahmed Bilour said on Sunday that key suspect in the brutal terrorist attack on national peace award winner, Malala Yusafzai and two other students would soon be arrested. “The circle of investigation in the case has been expended and the culprits would be brought to book soon,” he said while talking to media here. He said 50 to 60 suspected have been arrested by Swat police in connection with the case. To a question about possible North Waziristan Agency operation, he said every decision in this regard should be taken with extreme care and thoughts. It was earlier reported that arrests and investigation continue in the wake of the high profile attack by the Taliban on young Malala Yousafzai for raising the voice against their atrocities and for women’s right to education in the militants’ infested Swat valley. The police took into custody three brothers from a house in Bara Ghara area during a search operation in Akbarpura, Nowshehra on suspicion of involvement in the assassination bid on the 14-year old activist. The three brothers identified as Irfan, Abdul Haji and Inaam belong to Mengora area of Swat. Police are claiming to have recovered arms and documents from the suspects and that they had links with Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) According to their mother, her four sons have been arrested. Two guards of Malala’s school, a driver and an accountant have also been rounded up as part of the investigation. According to sources, some of the arrested people have a direct involvement in the case of attack on Malala Yousafzai. Mingora police chief Afzal Khan Afridi said arrests had been made, but he declined to give any details about the number of people detained or what role they’re suspected of having in the shooting. He said he did not want to endanger the ongoing investigation.—APP

from Fata this year. The official said there was significantly decrease in refusal cases owing to effective advocacy campaigns and holding of vigorous immunisation drives. After India obtained polio-free status, the World Health Organisation and other donors’ agencies are giving top focus now on three endemic countries ie Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria to eradicate this disease completely.Dr Jan Baz said polio was crippling disease that could only be eradicated by making joint efforts and supporting each others for this national obligation. He expressed the hope that polio would soon be eradicated from the country with the support of all segments of society. He lauded the EPI staff for their improved perfor-

Husband accuses wife of killing two children

QUETTA: FC official stand alert near blindfolded addicts after raid at Habib Nullah, famous and safe place for addicts.

AIOU exams start today FAISALABAD—Final examinations of matriculation, Arabic teacher training course, PTC, CT and BEd of spring 2012 semester will start under the aegis of Allama Iqbal Open University from October 15.According to a spokesman for Regional Campus AIOU, examinations will continue up to November 16. Roll number slips have been dispatched to candidates on their postal addresses. However, they can contact the regional office Millat Town for any information or through telephone numbers 041-8814982-84, he added. The sixth five-day national training course on “molecular diagnosis of animal diseases” will commence at National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (NIBGE) on October 15. According to a spokesman for the Soil & Environmental Biotechnology Division (SEBD) NIBGE, the training course will continue up to October 19 in which experts of animal diseases would deliver lectures.—APP

Advocacy forum on power policy formed STAFF REPORTER PESHAWAR—The participants during three days workshop constituted an advocacy forum comprising of civil society, engineers and journalists for preparation of recommendations for power sector policy. The workshop was held under the auspices of Peoples’ Empowerment and Consulting Enterprise (PEACE) with the assistance of USAID. The advocacy forum headed by a Chairman will work for enhancement of public participation in power system and propose policy recommendations and sharing recommendations with technical experts, advocacy meeting with ministers. During the three-day workshop senior engineers of Peshawar Electricity Supply Company (PESCO) and Sarhad Hydel Development Organization (SHYDO) gave detailed presentation on power generation, transmission, distribution and challenges faced by their respec-

formation and Broadcasting, Qamar Zaman Kaira said that government was pursuing its reconciliation policy to strengthen the democratic institutions of the country and making improvements in common man’s life. Addressing at the oathtaking ceremony of the Kharian press Club, Kaira said that Pakistan Peoples Party has formed the coalition government to resolve people’s problems. He said that PPP is a party of labourers and workers and has always devised policies to protect their rights. He said the government has increased 125 percent salaries of the employees during last four years which is a record. Kaira said the government inherited complex problems, however the government has been working with dedication to overcome these problems. He said that the government restored its writ in Swat.He said that the security situation also improved in Balochistan and FATA.

to protect masses’ rights STAFF REPORTER HYDERABAD —Sindh Chief Minister, Syed Qaim Ali Shah visited the residence of MPA Imdad Pitafi late on Saturday night to show solidarity with him and assured full support on behalf of PPP and his Government.Some unidentified men had attacked the residence of PPP-MPA Imdad Pitafi in Hyderabad last week. The Chief Minister said that no one could frighten the leaders and workers of the party of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Shaheed Benazir Bhutto. Over the last 45 years of our political struggle, we have faced dictatorships and rendered all kind of sacrifices to protect the rights of people especially the depressed ones and for their socio-economic uplift. Syed Qaim Ali Shah said that no one should bother to teach Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) how to safeguard the rights of Sindh because it had been doing the same since the day the party was created. “The opponents are afraid of the

deep love and following the PPP has among the people of Sindh ,” he said. The Chief Minister also visited the room which was damaged due to the IED explosion. He was accompanied by the provincial ministers Aga Siraj Durrani, Sharjeel Inam Memon, Ayaz Soomro, Zahid Bhurgari, MNA Shagufta Jumani and other PPP leaders. Earlier, the Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah has said that the holding of local government elections is the responsibility of the Election Commission of Pakistan, however, he said that these polls could be conducted after the general elections. The other provinces of the country have still not introduced the local government system while deteriorating law and order in some of these provinces could also be hurdle in the holding local government elections before the general elections, the Chief Minister responded to a question during his news conference here on Saturday evening.

tive organizations.The objective of the workshop was to enhance public participation in power sector policy formulation and preparation of policy guidelines for the concerned federal and provincial government organizations. On first-day of the workshop, Director Finance, PESCO, Anwar-ul-Haq Yusufzai gave detailed presentation on power distribution existing policies, challenges in their implementation and their resolutions. He also briefed the participants in details on the transmission line, distribution and future action plan for overcoming the present power crisis. On second day, Deputy Director, Planning and Facilitation, SHYDO, Engineer, Qayyum Zaman Khan highlighted the salient features of the hydropower power polices of 2001 and 2006 and incentives offered for attracting investors for the tapping the huge hydel potentials of KHARIAN: Federal Minister for Information and Broadcasting Qamar Zaman Kaira Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. addressing the oath taking ceremony of office-bearers of Kharian Press Club.

The town echoes with the Music and Art euphoria MUTTAHIR AHMED KHAN

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VERY healthy trend of organizing Art ex hibitions and Music and Theatric presentations swayed the last week in the town and provided people with different opportunities to ext i n guish their c r e ative and poe t i c thirst and to appreciate the literary works and melodious notes of the artists as well as the presenters. The Music and Art Feast The well-appreciated German pianist Thomas Hitzlberger was present in the town to enthrall the Karachiites with his adroitly recited and played compositions of the Hungarian Franz Liszt. It was really a great moment for the people and exercised perpetual imprints on the cultural and theatric horizon of the city. The recital was divided into two parts

Years of Pilgrimage and Liszt‘s pianoforte arrangements of selected arias from the operas of Richard Wagner. Hitzlberger has an exuberant style that emphasises colour and sensuality and the way he drains a score of its emotional juices is marvelously involving. The performance was so enchanting that the audience was immersed into an ecstatic joy and felt the every note and every beat with the deepest core of the heart. The recital was arranged by Dr Tilo Klinner, the German consul general who has done yeoman work in promoting the culture of Germany. It is hoped that he will keep this tradition of inviting ravishing German artists and musicians alive to provide the citizens with the opportunities to admire the great culturotheatric treasures of Germany. The 2-day long Tehzeeb Festival of Classical Music, held at a local hotel during the early phase of the week, provided an excellent feast for the souls to the entertainment-starved citizens and made them enjoy a tranquility of different Raags and buzz of the associated drumming.

The show, hosted by Saadia Imaam, kicked off with the admirable performance of Shahroz Husain’s rendition of raga Misra Tilang in Sangat (association) with Ustad Bashir Khan on Tabla (the Oriental Drum). This feast was followed by the demonstration of the mastery of Noor Zehra Kazim in Sangat with Shaukat Raza on tabla. The next item was the group sarangi performance presented by the famous Indian Sarangi Nawaz Kamal Sabri, accompanied by Zohaib Hassan, Akhtar

ecstatic aura of the starry night. The first day’s proceedings concluded with another equally appreciable item offered by Ustad Nasiruddin Saami’s The duo of Karam Abbas and Wasim Abbas initiated the second day’s soul-elevating melodious flow with their rendition of a khayal in raag tilak kamod, and the art banquet reached to its zenith with the last musician of the festival Ustad Shafqat Salamat Ali (son of Salamat Ali Khan) who presented raag ragheshwari A

Husain, Mazhar Umrao Bundoo Khan, Temur Khan and Gul Mohammad. After the band had played maaru bihag, Kamal Sabri played the Rajasthan’s folk number maand and one of his own compositions called ‘Dance of the Desert’ and received a great applause from the audience. Sheema Kermani ‘s exciting dance performance, along with her troupe, added to the melodious as well as

jugulbandi among sarangi nawaz Kamal Sabri, banjo player Mumtaz Sabzal and Ustad Bashir Khan (tabla), Shahid Hameed’s rendition of raag bilaskhani and various other remarkable performances were also witnessed in the festival. The dramatic reading of the celebrated writer Quratul-Ain Haider’s short story ‘Nazzara Darmayan Hai’ was conducted by Zambeel Dra-

matic Readings, to celebrate its (Zambeel’s) first anniversary, at a local coffee restaurant. Before switching onto the proceedings, writer and critic Asif Farrukhi provided the audience with a brief background of Haider and her writings. He praised the writer for her evergreen and memorable works in the field of fiction writing and literature and for her focusing bold and socially strong and subtle issues. After that the three artists of the Zambeel Dramatic Readings namely Mahvash Faruqi, Asma Mundrawala and Saife Hasan presented the story. The audience appreciated the whole presentation and the content with all its explicit and implicit theme a lot and left the venue with a pleasant response. Fighting on another biological front Adding to the deathfright, brought forth by targeted killing and political riots, the dark and scary clouds of the “Brain-eating Amoeba” (Naegleria fowleri), an amoebic infection that has extinguished the flame of nearly ten citizens’ life in the city, have, now, started prevailing over the city and general people as well as the experts associated with health

and medical sphere are pondering over to fight this seriously. According to the WHO reports “it is a freeliving excavate of protest typically found in warm bodies of fresh water, such as ponds, lakes, rivers, and hot springs. It is also found in soil, near warm-water discharges of industrial plants, and un-chlorinated swimming pools in an amoeboid or temporary flagellate stage.” However; the positive news is that this amoeba that belongs to a group called the Percolozoaor Heterolobosea is not found in ocean waters and is not even taken in through mouth, the process of drinking or eating. It enters the human brain through nostrils and destroys the brain tissues, and, ultimately, leads to death within a week. Its symptoms include fever, nausea, vomiting, stiff neck and headaches. The most vulnerable ones are those who are in the close vicinity of swimming pools and hot marshy lands. Although it affects human beings very rarely, the chances of death of the victims are 98%. According to the Centers for Disease

Continued on Page 7


Beware: Malala may be a 9/11 of Pakistan

MEDIA WATCH

‘Show me a policy’

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HE way the tragic and abhorable attack on Malala Yousafzai is being blown out of proportion smacks foul and former Amir Jamaat-e-Islami Qazi Hussain Ahmad has done well by warning that it was being made a justification for operation in Waziristan. People have all the sympathies with Malala who stood for the cause of girls education, highlighted the atrocities of Taliban in Swat and suffered for her courageous stand. Otherwise too in Pakistan it was a most tragic incident and the whole nation has been plunged into a state of shock and reminds one of the incident of 9/11. Certain quarters fear that the Malala case is being made a justification for operation in North Waziristan for which there is continuous pressure from the United States which blame that the Haqqani network is based there. Interior Minister Rehman Malik during his press talks has also stated that NWA was a hub of terrorists and the government was considering to launch a clean up operation to root them out. There have also been some other developments, which indicate that an operation in NWA cannot be ruled out. Therefore the statement by Qazi Hussain Ahmad carries weight but we would say that this should not happen because there would be a strong reaction from the militants. Already they have been indulging in acts of terrorism by carrying out blasts and targeting innocent people like Malala and if the operation is launched, they would just walk away from Waziristan and mix with the people in different parts of the country. The security agencies are already hard pressed and they have been unable to identify and nab the militants. The suicide attack in Darra Adam Khel on Saturday killing 16 people and wounding about 40 others is one case of how the militants can cause colossal losses through their acts of terrorism. We are of the firm opinion that attack on Malala may not be made a justification for the operation in NWA as that would be a grievous mistake like the one committed by the United States after 9/11 attack when it invaded Afghanistan. After eleven years of fighting and suffering huge losses in men and material, the US and allies have been unable to stabilize Afghanistan and we should not follow their example because Pakistan can’t afford further destabilization.

Media’s mad race to glorify terrorism T

HE Supreme Court has rightly restrained media outlets from covering terrorism related incidents in such a manner which would glorify the terrorists acts. In its order on the Balochistan security situation case, the three member bench headed by Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry noted that the provisions of the Anti-terrorism Act 1997 should be followed strictly by the electronic and print media in the future. Though the advice by the Supreme Court is a bit late but it is a right call and must be a source of soul searching by the media outlets as to whether they were doing any national service by extensively covering the acts of terrorism. The fact is that the media ownership perhaps inadvertently is giving wide coverage to incidents of terrorism through footages showing blood, shattered limbs of bodies all over and large scale destruction causing psychological effect on the people and shattering their nerves. At the same time this type of coverage glorifies the terrorists and gives the impression as if they are more powerful than the State, which is not the fact. A couple of thousands of people cannot make hostage to a nation of 180 million people. A proof of this was the operation in Swat and Malakand from where they were rooted out and forced to flee to Afghanistan. Though they sneak in quite frequently and launch attacks on our security check posts and target innocent civilians but have no courage to confront our security forces. By giving extensive coverage to their acts, the media is inadvertently keeping them alive. As a result, people are under severe mental pressure, the economy is suffering because foreign investors are shy of coming and the image of the country is damaged abroad. The media owners should analyse the situation and they would realize that their inadvertent mad race was causing huge losses to the country. While appreciating the Supreme Court advice, we would urge PEMRA and other government agencies to help create an enabling atmosphere to present things in the right perspective. Perhaps it would be more appropriate that media bodies should interact and frame rules of the game and implement them rather than showing horrible scenes of condemnable acts of terrorists.

A loud wake up call for Arabs S

ECRETARY of State Hillary Clinton’s statement at a Washing ton based think tank that the US will not retreat from the Arab world smacks imperialistic tone and is a proof that the sole super power was bent upon implementing a new type of colonialism. The Arab Spring has caused a dent and divided the society giving an opportunity to the United States to claim that it would keep leading and stay engaged in the Maghreb and everywhere in the world where America’s interests and values are at stake. It is no secret that the US has vested interests in the Middle East due to vast oil resources in the region and to protect its illegitimate child-Israel. However it is unfortunate that the centuries old Arab wisdom and virtues appear to be on the decay and there is no strategy how to check forcible intervention of the United States. Since it is a unipolar world, none else would come to the rescue of the Arabs and Ajams and they would have to stand on their own feet to confront the dictatorial policies and forced interventions in their affairs. In our view the statement by Hillary Clinton should serve as a wake up call and the futuristic Arab leadership must give a serious thought to the dangerous consequences of American presence in the region and the way out.

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Balochistan: Beyond six points East Pakistan. Mengal was also widely off the mark in his Air Cdre Khalid Iqbal (R) reference to neutral internaEmail:khalid3408@gmail.com tional supervision for the peaceful resolution of the Baluchistan ttempt on Malalah’s life, conflict. His citing of UN-backed dumping of defaced dead processes in East Timor, Kosovo and bodies in Baluchistan and South Sudan was certainly erratic. surfacing of body bags in Karachi Any attempt to involve the UN is obare some of the facets of terrorism viously unacceptable and will be verunning high in Pakistan; intricately hemently opposed by all Pakistanis. Mujib’s six points went far belinked together by common financier, trainer and arms provider. Lo- yond the constitutional frame-work gistics trail leads to one source, of that time. Akhtar’s points were though operatives have diversified well within the constitutional proviorigins and purposes. All these acts sions, mainly focusing on ordinary need unequivocal condemnation by civil rights. Akhtar has submitted his the entire nation. Under these cir- case before the apex court; hopefully cumstances, a reiteration that there he would pursue it as a legal matter, is no foreign interference in lest it fizzles down as a politically moBaluchistan is an act of extreme ig- tivated oratory. However, a posture norance or criminal connivance, or of denial by the government was a may be a combination of the two. disappointment. Unambiguous Under this gloomy environment, charges on the one hand and forceful Supreme Court has emerged as a rebuttal on the other have made the beacon of hope. At least it provides situation hazy. Confutation to a shoulder against which aggrieved Mengal’s position also came from amongst Baluch leaders, which indiones can lean and cry. Baluchistan is under constant cate ample play-able space between national focus, with missing per- the two extreme stances. Mengal is sons’ conundrum as a key Human certainly aware that the majority of Rights issue resonating at interna- hard-core Baluch like Raisanis, tional level. Sardar Akhtar Mengal’s Bizenjos, Magsis and an overwhelmappearance before the Supreme ing majority within Marris, Bugtis Court was a pleasant event. His in- and Mengals do not support teraction with national political Baluchistan’s secession. Likewise, leaders indicated unanimous urge to Pakhtuns and Hazaras have never bring Baluchistan out of the unfor- talked about leaving the federation. Chief of Jamhoori Watan Party tunate situation that it is going through since the early seventies. Talal Bugti recently said that use of Mengal’s six points were rea- force by the state institutions had sonable in content. Equating these caused “irreparable damage to our points with Sheikh Mujib’s six province.” He questioned whether points was essentially a political there was anything in the Mengal’s rhetoric directed at emotional black six points that went against the intermail. Neither Akhtar Mengal is ests of Pakistan. Talal claimed credit Shiekh Mujib, nor is Baluchistan for being the originator of Mengal’s

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six points. However, his stance was more moderate and compatible with a political solution within the framework of the constitution. He indicated his party’s willingness to rejoin the political process and participate in the coming elections, provided the government acts on the six points, opens up Dera Bugti and rehabilitates the displaced Baluch including Bugti people affected by the insurgency. Apparently, the political process has jump-stated in Baluchistan and the thing would move in the right direction. It appears that nationalist parties have realized that boycott of elections is neither useful to them, nor to a common Baluch. Despite Mengal’s stance that Baluchistan issue is no more a matter of fair resource distribution or provincial autonomy, he got overwhelming support from all main-stream political parties. In an apparent response, Army Chief also commented that: “The Army fully supports any political process, as long as it is within the constitution of Pakistan.” As of now, there is a serious political vacuum in Baluchistan. The civil administration has collapsed. The politicians have lost both public confidence as well as legitimacy. Certainly, the current political dispensation of Baluchistan has lost its credibility and is beyond the scope of patchy repair. Starting point could be fresh elections in the province and revivification of the benefits envisaged in the Eighteenth Constitutional Amendment and the seventh NFC Award. Mere allocation of funds and constitution of committees and commissions would not bring respite. Baluchistan is essentially an internal problem of Pakistan warranting a consensus based political solution aimed at redressing the grievances, factual or perceptional. In a joint security meeting on Baluchistan, in May this year, the national leadership has already resolved that the issue needs a political tackling and

there is a need to get serious about the situation in the province. Federal and provincial governments need to lead the process. As regards external interference, the foreign office should effectively play its part in highlighting such involvements at appropriate international forums. Countries suspected of playing catalytic role in the deteriorating situations must be engaged constructively by sharing the information. A professional approach needs to replace ambiguity and evasion. Baloch nationalist political parties often call for an environment where they could freely practice politics without interference from the agencies. This demand is genuine; however such conditions could only emerge as a result of satisfactory law and order situation. Poor law and order would prevail till sectarian and ethnic killings of Punjabis and Hazaras come to an end. So, it is a chicken and egg situation. Yet, all need to strive for this end. Mengal’s return may be part of some understanding. In Talal Bugti’s reckoning, Mengal may have received the go-ahead from concerned military quarters to return and rejoin the political process. Whatever the case, both Mengal and Talal Bugti have an opportunity to regain their lost political space. Other Baluch nationalists also need to come forward and join the process. Akhtar Mengal deserves praise for having the courage to come personally to make his peace offer. He summed up the outcome of his visit: “The ball is in (your) court now. If (you) want to play fair we are ready to play fair.” It is time for the political leadership to seize the moment and move ahead. Political solution should aim at empowering of a common Baluch rather than appeasing a couple of tribal chieftains. —Writer is Consultant, Policy & Strategic Response, IPRI.

Let’s not forget Kashmir Dr Raja Muhammad Khan Email: drmk_edu@yahoo.com

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he distinguished Indian writer and former ambassa dor and lawmaker, Mr Kuldip Nayar has reminded India that, despite heavy military deployment of Indian Army in the Occupied Kashmir, this South Asian giant could neither restore peace nor resolve the dispute to the satisfaction of the masses. According to this scholar, “Every now and then there is an incident in the Valley to register the people’s discontent.” Under the umbrella of Indian democracy and a wily diplomacy, it has created an impression to international community that, it has successfully countered the people’s demand of their right of self-determination in its illegally occupied portion of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Nevertheless, this impression is far from the factual position in the occupied Kashmir. Indeed, the situation in Kashmir has not improved, rather, Indian occupation forces are committing massive human rights violation there with renewed vigour. In fact, the issue of Jammu and Kashmir has its own dynamics. Unfortunately, despite knowing the facts, successive Indian governments have tried to impose their will over the Kashmiri masses and made use of the force to control the people. This is surprising that, why cannot India reconcile with the reality that, Kashmir is not its integral part and it has forcibly occupied it in October 1947. There were

neither the moral grounds for this occupation nor the legal grounds of keeping Kashmir under its occupation ever since 1947. Then there are dozens of UN resolutions on the issue, giving clear verdict to the people of the state to have their future as per the wishes of its subjects. Two most important arguments reject the Indian contention of its control over the Kashmir. First, has India been able to persuade and convince the people of the occupied state to accept Indian rule and its constitution in last over sixty-five years? Certainly not. In 2008, once there was a mass uprising of the Kashmiris against the India, it was a group of the scholars like Kuldip Nayar who suggested to the Indian Government to seriously reconcile over its inflexible stance and give Kashmiris their rights. Secondly, India is still forcibly running the state affairs under Article 370 of Indian Constitution. Indeed, this article accords a special status to the Jammu and Kashmir state, compared to its integral states. According to this article, some provisions and parts of the Indian constitutions are not applicable to the State of Kashmir, until a concurrence is sought from the Indian Occupied Kashmir Government. Should not India find a disagreement in its acts and constitutions while claiming that, Kashmir is integral part of India. Therefore, neither Kashmir is integral part of India nor it has an acceptance among the Kashmiri masses. This is high time that India should recognize this reality and take practical steps to resolve the issue as per the wishes of the people Kash-

mir. The instrument of accession, which India claims a legal document is controversial, hence a fake document. The famous British historian and writer, Alastair Lamb questions its signing by the Maharaja before 27 October 1947, when Indian forces entered the state. Moreover, had there been an Instrument of Accession why it was not published by the Indian Government in the White Paper of 1948, which could have been a strong documentary evidence in favour of India. Besides, according to Article 7 of Indian Independence Act, after 15th day of August 1947, Maharja Hari Singh ceased to be the ruler of the State of Jammu and Kashmir, as this title to the State was granted to him by the British Government under the treaty of Amritsar signed between Gulab Singh and British East India Company on 16 March 1846 and lapsed on 15 Aug 1947. Practically and legally, on 15th August 1947, the Sate of Jammu and Kashmir become to all intents and purposes an independent state. Once Maharaja Harisingh was not considering the people’s demand of the accession of the state with Pakistan, the people of the state rose against him and forced him to flee from Srinagar. They liberated a portion of the state we call today as the Azad Kashmir, before India could take the case to United Nations Organization. Kashmiris are still waiting for the implementation of the UN resolutions and awakening of the conscious of international community. In the contemporary globalized world, there is an enhanced interdependency among the states. Pakistan and India are geographically contigu-

ous neighbours, thus has to co-exist anyhow, as neighbours cannot be changed. Indian strategists have to understand that, Pakistan is a reality, thus they have to reconcile their traditional mindset. Pakistan wants a peaceful and stable region, where all South Asians can have equal opportunities to garner the fruit of globalization. How can there be a peace in the region, once people of the region are kept deprived of their basic right of self-determination with massive human rights violations. In the context of Kashmir, the month of October is historical and painful for the people of the occupied state. It was on the morning of October 27, 1947 that Indian state forces landed on the Srinagar airport and had to face the resistance of Kashmiri masses. Fearing a defeat, India took the case to UNO, which enforced ceasefire, until an amicable solution is found of the issue. Nonetheless, despite passage of sixty-five years, India and Indian forces are still facing the same resistance and hate of Kashmiri masses as oppressor in the occupied parts of Kashmir. From 1990 to-date, the Indian occupation forces have martyred over 100,000 Kashmiris. There is no letup in the resistance to Indian occupation and it is likely to continue until there is a visionary and realistic leader in India, who can give Kashmiris their right of self-determination. At the same time, Kashmiris want that their brethren in Pakistan should not forget their sacrifices thus, should continue their moral, political and diplomatic support in all international forums. —The writer is an Islamabad based International Relations analyst.

NALYSTS have wondered at the Obama campaign’s flat-footed response to the candidate’s poor first-debate performance. It’s one thing to have an off night. It’s another to spend the next week whining about your opponent’s “lies” and wallowing in Big Bird trivia. How to explain an impressive political team performing so feebly? Alas, the answer lies at the heart of President Obama’s reelection bid: the absence of a second-term agenda. Mr. Obama has yet to say how he would solve the immense problems awaiting the next president immediately after election. Until and unless he does, the only rationale he can offer voters is the urgency of stopping the other guys. As he told supporters in Los Angeles last week: “The last thing we can afford right now is four years of the very same policies that led us to this crisis in the first place. . . . That’s why I am running for a second term for president of the US.” We agree that Mitt Romney’s agenda, to the extent it’s been minimally sketched out, would send the nation in the wrong direction. The Republican says that he wants to close tax loopholes. But instead of using the savings to reduce the nation’s debt, as the SimpsonBowles commission said is essential, he would pay for further reductions in tax rates. Moreover, he refuses to say which loopholes he would close and on which taxpayers. Loopholes are unpopular in theory but popular in real life: We’re talking about tax breaks for mortgage interest, charitable giving, health insurance. And he wants to increase tax rates for the wealthy. That would put a serious dent in the deficit, but it wouldn’t solve the fiscal problem, which unaddressed will “lead to a level of federal debt that would be unsustainable from both a budgetary and an economic perspective,” the Congressional Budget Office recently said. A solution can come only from restraining spending, especially growth in Medicare and Medicaid, and raising revenue, and not just from the rich. Yet Mr. Obama has put forward no plan to curtail entitlement costs, while Mr. Romney at least is willing to say that benefits for wealthy Medicare recipients will have to be cut back. Why the reticence? Maybe, after promising so explicitly four years ago that he would make hard choices and refrain from kicking the can down the road, he’s reluctant to make the same promises again. Maybe the usual Democratic “Mediscare” campaign is so useful he does not want to muddy the waters with budgetary honesty. Either way, he’s left without much of a case to take to the people and, if re-elected, without much of a mandate. “Show me a policy,” Vice President Biden challenged Rep. Paul Ryan during their Thursday debate. “Show me a policy where you take responsibility.” It’s not too late for Mr. Obama to listen to that advice. — The Washington Post

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A welcome move

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ANGLADESH’S anti-cor ruption apparatus has finally begun to show teeth through its crackdown on those allegedly involved in two massive fraud cases, just when the majority of the country’s 150 million population began to give up hope. A court has sent to jail a former army general and head of the Destiny Group for siphoning off 32.85 billion taka (Dh1.48 billion) of investors’ money out of the country. The move comes a few days after police booked the head of the Hall-Mark Group for taking 26 billion taka from a branch of Sonali Bank, Bangladesh’s biggest lender. Some businessmen, often backed by politicians, have been defrauding investors for quite some time. Due to influence they go scotfree. However, due to the continuous media spotlight, the govt had to finally act. Although it is not clear if this is a face-saving measure by the authorities to restore lost confidence, it nevertheless is a welcome move. Media should be commended for keeping these social issues alive, forcing the govt to act. If Bangladesh wants democracy to succeed, these institutions — media, independent anti-corruption commission and judiciary — should be allowed to work freely and responsibly. — Gulf News He who rides a tiger is afraid to dismount.

— Proverb


Foreign policy narrative & Malala Voice of the People

to counter PTI’s foreign policy narrative in which Imran said that he will engage Talibans and end Pakistan’s role Rizwan Ghani in America’s fake war Email:sadcat44@hotmail.com in terror. He pointed out that it was not our war. America must withdraw from Afghanistan to help restore peace in overnment should not use the region and drone attacks were Malala attack to impose po counterproductive. Zardari’s government bid to use litical and foreign agenda. The attack on Malala is a tragedy and Malala incident to impose pro-US nation’s prayers are with her. The tim- status quo will fail. The ruling alliing of tragedy, unity of thought shown ance leaders including People’s Party, by Islamabad, Washington in local MQM who are demanding boycott of and American politicians including negotiations with anti-Pakistan forces presidents, PM and ministers and to restore peace in the country should their counterparts in the backdrop of provide a practical alternate to International Day of Girl has clearly Imran’s foreign policy outline. The shown that tragedy is now part of in- ruling elite should spell out when and ternational agenda. It is therefore re- how they plan to retract from US alsponsibility of state, politicians, me- liance against Afghanistan to restore dia and civil society to stop the gov- peace in the country. The public cannot be conned to ernment to hijack the incident to imkeep Pakistan entangled in openpose political and foreign agenda. The government is using the trag- ended fake war against terror to jusedy to impose pro-US foreign policy tify US presence in the region. Due ahead of next election. It should be to Islamabad’s pro-US policies, the blocked and boycotted. Individual in- 90 percent of Pakistanis including cidents cannot be and should not be taxpayers have been forced to live beused to impose foreign dictated for- low $2 a day. Pakistan’s economy, eign policies. The politicians’ call of industry and jobs have been destroyed choosing Malala’s Pakistan was echo due to the Afghan war. The pro-US of ‘with us or against us’. The media puppet regimes of Pakistan have is being used to spin Malala incident spent taxpayers $100bn on America’s

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fake terror Afghan war leaving national sectors including energy, health and education without funds. Reportedly, over 52 percent girl students are out of school due to poverty and government is spending only 1.5 percent of the GDP on education despite collecting over Rs 1900bln in taxes. All those condemning denial of basic rights to Malala including Obama, Hillary, Ban Kimoon, human right activists, media and civil societies in Pakistan, US and modern Europe should be ashamed for keeping tens of thousands of children from schools in Pakistan due to American drone attacks. Media, politics and crocodile tears cannot fool the voters. Washington is supporting most corrupt rulers of Pakistan so that their Afghan war continues to be funded under America’s war ‘outsourcing policy’ in which allies share expenditure of American wars and military setups. Washington, Islamabad and International community including UN, human right activists and foreign embassies in Pakistan showed concern for children and missing people in Pakistan. It is hoped that they will show same commitment to help find 55,000 missing children in India for the last 3 years, bring justice to girl rape victims of Sir Jimmy Savile by withdrawing his Knighthood and bring to book all those who covered

his crime at BBC. New Parliament should choose its own president. A double game is played to support US fake war on terror for mutual benefit. Reportedly, plans are being made to keep Zardari in office in 2nd term in exchange for supporting continuation of pro-US policies in the region. In exchange, country could have ‘free and fair’ elections and PM from winner party (Can Zardari be re-elected before election? Pak Observer). It explains recent ‘unity of thoughts’s on Malala incident in Islamabad, Washington and Zardari and PML (N). Any such agreement will allow continuation of decade long Musharraf era policies, which have already resulted in 40,000 deaths and irreparable loss to Pakistan for continuing to be part of US fake war against terror in the region. Like America, the pro-US politicians are equally blocking return of peace in Pakistan, revive economy, end unemployment, dependence on foreign aid and help the country to benefit from regional economy and stand on its feet. It isthereforedutyofotherpillarsof democracy to save hijacking of Malala incident and help ensure holding of fair elections, allow new parliament to elect new president andgetridofdualnationalityholders as part of democratic rights of the public and the state.

Don’t be indifferent Shahzad Ali Gill Email: shahzadaligill@gmail.com

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merica and its cronies say that we will bring the values of civilization to people by invading and bombing them. It is crystal clear that the peace is a total bliss while war is an attempt to force a condition. As America and its socalled ”Strategic Partners“ are doing in Iraq, Afghanistan and even in the tribal areas of Pakistan. This thing is resulting in more violence, tyranny, soreness and affliction instead of bringing peace. But the problem is what to do to defeat this gruesome situation? First of all, we have to address the question why people adopt extremism, terrorism and other illegal activities? Obviously, the root causes of this disturbance are hunger, lack of knowledge, brain washing of young minds by the clergy, political instability and above all, social injustice. As Martin Luther King once said, “True peace is not merely the absence of tension; it is the presence of jus-

tice. First, we have to address these issues. Then our hearts and minds should focus on providing the healing to the situation that allows these ills to happen. One should keep this thing in mind that the best solution of a problem is to resolve it not to put it under the carpet. It is extremely sad to note that there is no good governance in our country. There is no rule of law but the rule of jungle. People say that we have an independent judiciary. Agreed. But reality is that in our country bench is free; but not so free! Our government believes in the ‘freedom’ and whenever there is a charge-sheet against her in the court of justice, she says, ‘your liberty ends where my nose begins!’ Rules are meant to be followed by the weak segment of the society. If any rule is broken by the weak, then the writ of the government is challenged and it is considered as interference in “Kar-eSarkar”. But the upper crust has the full privilege to break the rules and regulations. I ask what to cheer and what to celebrate with no electricity, with unequal distribution of power and money? Even there are

levels of education that a child of a meager will be educated with an everyday education and the child of the affluent will get the best out of the rest. There is hell of difference between the arguments which we made to make this country and to which we are doing and implementing. Our politicians say that we are going to ensure democracy in the country. They also claim “Democracy is the best revenge.” They are very right because their actions reveal that they want to promulgate a democracy of their own choice which can be defined like this, “government off the people, buy the people and far the people.” Hundreds of thousands are being spent from the public exchequer to ensure the security of the president of Pakistan but having no concern to secure the life of the resident of Pakistan. Meaningless and purposeless debates are going on in the National Assembly which has nothing to do to ease the miseries of common man. Saying to that we are an Islamic State, we are betraying the words of our Holy Prophet (PBUH) while giving “Khairaat” to the people

through an income support programme instead of providing them “Rozgaar”. The electoral manifesto of the current ruling party in general elections 2008-09 also promised 5E’s to the nation comprising Education, Economy, Equality, Energy and Environment. But their whole tenure seems to be committed to snatch these E’s from the people instead of giving them. This is horrible state of affairs that the government has failed to facilitate the public on one hand but on the other side it is doing bombardment on the nastiest victims of hunger and poverty. Black-marketing, hoarding, target killing and robberies are on increase but the higherups are brashly calling this situation good governance. It is time that we, particularly the youth, should not be indifferent. Remember that it is ‘now’ not ‘never’ which is important to be forever. So, we should gird up our loins to bring a positive, pleasant change for the sake of humanity; for the survival of Pakistan. May Allah help us all to do our genuine efforts in this regard! (Aameen)

Views From Abroad

Drought, heat linked to global warming Monte Morin

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he worst drought in half a cen tury has plagued two-thirds of the US, devastating farms and stoking wildfires that scorched almost 9 million acres this year. Withering heat blanketed the East Coast and Midwest, killing scores of people and making July the hottest month ever recorded in the US. And in the Arctic this summer, polar snow and ice melted away to the smallest size ever observed by man. Extreme events like drought, heat waves, intense rainfall, flooding and fires have prompted many people to reconsider the connection between the weather and the changing climate. Now, a handful of scientists are among them. In a break with the mainstream scientific consensus, a few prominent climate scientists now argue that there have been enough episodes of drought and intense heat in the last 10 years to establish a statistical pattern of extreme weather due to global warming. Around the world, “the incidence of drought is

consistent with what the climate models are predicting,” said John Seinfeld, an atmospheric researcher at Caltech. “It certainly doesn’t appear to be out of line to conclude that this last summer could be statistically attributed to global warming.” In the US, the summer ranked as the thirdhottest in the nation’s history. Among laypeople, the perception that extreme weather is getting worse — and that it’s linked to climate change — is increasingly taking hold. Nearly 75% of Americans now say global warming is affecting the weather in the US, according to a poll released this week by scientists at Yale University. The poll found that about 60% of Americans reported experiencing an extreme heat wave or drought this year, while an equal percentage said weather had worsened over the last several years. A companion poll reported earlier this year that 8 in 10 Americans had personally experienced at least one extreme weather event in the last year, and more than one-third said they had suffered as a result. Climate scientists overwhelmingly agree that the planet is getting

hotter and that mankind’s use of fossil fuels is largely responsible. When fossil fuels are burned, carbon dioxide is produced and traps heat within the atmosphere. The more that’s added, the hotter it gets. It’s not the only greenhouse gas, but it’s the one many scientists focus on because it stays in the atmosphere for hundreds or thousands of years. The average global temperature has risen by 1.6 degrees Fahrenheit over the last century, a period that gave rise to mass-produced automobiles and commercial aviation, among other developments. Altogether, modernization has led to an 800% increase in global fossil fuel consumption since 1900, with a corresponding jump in emissions of heat-trapping greenhouse gases. As the temperature rises, evaporation increases and draws more water from soil. Experts predict that moist areas of the planet will become wetter, while dry areas will become drier. Looking ahead, some climate scientists are predicting more extreme weather events in North America and Europe this winter — and those following — thanks to the record

amount of Arctic ice melting over the summer. Last month, researchers announced that Arctic sea ice had dwindled to the smallest size ever observed by man. At about 1 million square miles, the ice mass was less than half the size it was at its smallest point 30 years ago, when satellites and submarines first began taking detailed measurements. The loss of Arctic ice has several effects. Ice reflects heat and solar energy back into space. With less ice cover, that heat energy is instead absorbed by the ocean, which warms and melts more ice. The heating of polar seawater has also reduced the temperature difference between the Arctic and Earth’s middle latitudes. That slows down the jet stream, the river of air that flows from west to east high above Earth’s surface. The jet stream, in turn, controls the formation and movement of storm systems. The result is that weather conditions in an area persist for longer periods, according to a study published this year in Geophysical Research Letters. — Courtesy: Los Angeles Times

My valuable junk..!

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eople coming home ask me why I still keep most of my junk, and I tell them of the same conversation I had with my car. “Where’s the car?” they ask, and I tell them about the talk we had: “Garages!” said my car that day, “are meant for cars but look inside your garage, the whole of last night I was cramped against that silly cot which went on sliding onto me.” “That’s my old baby cot,” I said stubbornly. “And what is it do-

ing in my garage?” asked the car, “waiting for your second childhood? Well I don’t think it need wait any longer, you’re already into it master and you may as well take it upstairs into your bedroom! Oh how cute you’d look in it. Would you like a plastic doll hanging over you master? Or maybe a little duck?” “That’s enough,” I said sternly. “Oh no it isn’t,” said my car, “there’s more I have to say. Why do you have to keep those two steel cupboards in the garage?” “Because there’s no place upstairs dammit!” I shouted. “So why should it be in my garage?” “Where else?” I asked exasperatedly. “In the garbage dump!” said my car. “Do you know what is inside?” I asked. “Do you?” asked my car, “in

the last five years they’ve been inside, I haven’t seen you opening it even once!” “I will,” I said, “once I get some time. “Meanwhile they steal my place! And what about those old paint tins?” “What about them?” I asked. “They smell master. Do you know what it is to try and sleep with paint and turpentine fumes? And that junk near the wall.” “What junk?” I asked, “that’s my scooter.”“And when pray sir, did you last ride your beloved scooty?” “That bike has many precious memories,” I said. “In that case why don’t you keep those memories in your bedroom master, instead of crowding me with them? You know what I think?” “What?” I asked. “You

should have a sale!” “A sale,” I said slowly staring at my car. “Get rid of all your junk once and for all and allow me the space I deserve,” shouted my car excitedly, “to be able to stretch my wheels and open my doors without touching leftovers, scrap and nostalgic remnants of rubbish!” “Okay,” I said as I sat on the floor and wrote on a placard. “Master!” shouted my car, as it read what I had written, “what are you writing?” “Sale!” I wrote, “of too talkative a car..!” I look affectionately at my baby cot, old scooter and steel cupboards and they smile at me as I sold the car. We all love our junk don’t we? —Email:bobsbanter@gmail.com

Bullet & the brain M ASHRAF

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ll sections of human society worldwide will condemn the act of firing on Malala Yusafzai. There is every possibility of contempt of the firing even among the Taliban themselves. In Pakistan prayers for recovery of the child are being arranged in offices and schools. Some so called politicians continue talking of use of power and force against the responsible group. Such individuals affix confirmation to their political incompetence. Their statements and rash behaviour clearly proves that they have absolutely no knowledge of the history of the area. Such is the bad luck of this country, procured at highest cost of honour and lives. Incompetent leaders running the country, instead of using brain and strategic practicalities, talk of bullets and missiles. So called politicians of top-of-the-list declared corrupt state, heavily under foreign debt and badly torn by crimes, adulteration of all kinds, diseases and corruption, talk of conquering these people with bullet and arms. It looks that they are joking over the misery of state and its people. It is like a patient with incurable fractured bones, talks of using his physical strength to over power a group having no ting of corruption in its overall character and conduct, bad or not bad in the eyes of the others. People limpingly rowing the country have only singular choice and that is the choice of dialogue. They must save the children and adults by negotiations with overtly angry group. Verily it will not be something new or strange. The Red Indians of America ultimately came to agreement through negotiations. Use of grey matter is needed. We must reserve our strength, our power and our Jawans for some unknown and unexpected enemy. We must use our powers to fight history’s worst kind of corruption in the country. We must use our power to get rid of foreign debts. —Via email

Let Edhi be honoured KHAWAJA UMER FAROOQ According to media news Pakistani social tycoon Abdul Sattar Edhi has been nominated for a Nobel Prize award. Edhi nomination is not astonishing for people of Pakistan due to his efforts, remarkable charity work and personality he rightly deserve for this award. Edhi is born charity worker he started his charity work with some hundred rupees and small tent outside his small house in very poor area of Karachi. Now Edhi is running largest charity network of south Asia. Monthly budget of Edhi Foundation has exceed ten million dollars. According to Gunnies book of world record Edhi has largest net work of ambulance service in Asia which is 24 hours available for service. Despite large budget of his charity service Edhi spent simple life with very ordinary cloths. Despite his old age he is working eighteen hours every day and is never absent from his duty. Edhi “My Home’ project is destination of thousands of orphans, street children and old people most of them have no place in society due to poverty or selfishness of their families. Edhi “Maach Goth” graveyard has more than sixty thousand graves most of them buried here died on streets. Edhi volunteers collected their bodies and sent to their final destination. Not only Pakistan but several foreign governments recognized his efforts also and he received several prestigious awards. According to Edhi people donations are main source of his welfare service. People trust on him and he never harm their trust. Edhi life and efforts are big lesson for corrupt politicians, political parties and ordinary people of Pakistan. We must follow his charity work example and he rightly deserves noble prize. —Jeddah, KSA

Poor aircrafts maintenance KHALID IDREES On 7th October I travelled from Karachi to Islamabad by PIA flight PK 301. The aircraft we flew in was Boeing 747and I was allocated seat number 61 E. The boarding passes issued indicated that passengers were to board the aircraft through Gate 16. They , therefore, waited in the area outside that gate. The flight departed after over an hour’s delay. All this while, however, the flight display monitor gave no indication that the flight was delayed and kept on showing the “ check in now “ sign against that flight number. The gate from which passengers were to board the aircraft was changed from Gate number 16 to Gate number 14 at the last moment. There was no PIA staff present to give any information to the waiting passengers. When I entered the aircraft I found it quite hot because the air conditioning was not on. Luckily the air conditioning worked after we took off. As the aircraft leveled off I went to use the lavatory in the aft and found , to my horror, that it remained dark even after I had closed its door. I immediately came out of that lavatory and told the cabin crew that lavatory’s light was not functioning. The cabin crew member, while directing me to another lavatory , informed that before the flight’s departure the cabin crew had informed the maintenance staff that light of one of the lavatories was not working and when the latter told them that rectifying this would entail further delay of half an hour in flight’s departure it was decided to fly the aircraft notwithstanding this “minor” malfunction. I may add that it is vain to expect that all operations of PIA can be performed efficiently. I say this because to have a casual attitude towards our duties has become a national characteristic and it would , perhaps , be wrong to expect PIA to be an exception. Yet it should be pos-

sible to bring about some improvements at least in critical areas of PIA’ operations. I would therefore, earnestly request PIA’s management that, in line with the national attitude it can be casual towards appearance of the interior of its aircrafts and can keep them shabby if it wants , it can make its passengers sit on uncomfortable seats and can also continue to provide below par cabin service but it must not be lax towards keeping the electrical, electronic and mechanical aspects of its aircraft operations in good order. Any display of casualness towards the last mentioned aspects of PIA’ operations can result in great tragedy. —Islamabad

Rain victim and rulers JAVED AHMED Indeed, monsoon rains caused havoc in the upper and lower regions of Sindh province. Several hundred people have been killed following heavy monsoon rains and raging floodwaters have hit the north west of the country, marooning a million people and causing flash floods and landslides. The fatalities have occurred largely in the upper Sindh districts, where Jacobabad, Kashmor/ Kand Kot, Shikaprur, Qmabar/ Shahdad Kot, Ghotki and Sukkur districts have been badly hit. Around 5.9 million people have been severely affected. Thousand acres of seasonal crops have been destroyed, and fish hatcheries and poultry farms have also been devastated. Millions of households have been reportedly displaced across the upper and lower regions. Fresh drinking water, food and fuel are in short supply, and many people have been forced to stay in schools and on roadsides under the open skies. They are facing nutritional, health and financial crises in the worst affected districts. The ill-fated victims are fighting for the survival but our democratically elected rulers are not visible anywhere in the affected areas. They are busy with their coalition parents in the federal and provincial capitals in their scheming to perpetuate their stay in power in the days to come. Our rulers damn care about the rain victims of Sindh because they know that these poverty stricken and the prisoners of illiteracy would not desert them away, are they gullible people and once again under the impact of emotional speeches of incumbent leaders they will be easily motivated to vote. If not then, these feudal lords know how to exercise the law of tyranny and terror in their constituencies where none dares to rebel and raise voice against them. —Islamabad

Energy crisis in Pakistan AGHA SHAHEEN KHAN “Energy Crisis in Pakistan”. This sentence has become the most important topic to be discussed in the educational institutes. The only energy resources that have become necessity and prerequisite in order to run the industry are electricity, gas and petrol. Our country is full of natural resources, but to make the most of it we need to have such technologybased supportive environment. Every summer we observe worst ever crisis beating the last year’s crisis. Despite having blessings of natural resources in bulk, we have not succeeded yet in enlightening our country. The problem is that we are confused in making unprecedented decisions. We have got black gold which is not only enough to meet our energy requirements for hundreds of years but we can also export electricity to other countries at the same time.The one solution is that by arranging the all parties’ conference and those leaders who claim that they will solve the electricity, corruption, petroleum prices problems when they will come in government and they will take our

country out of all crises. They should discuss these matters with each other for the sake of country. And these are the basic needs and desire of each Pakistani that our nation should be out of all crises and for what they chose their leaders by voting them. While we talk about petrol price, it’s just all because of load shedding. They do load shedding and people buy generators and other alternatives and the consumption of petrol increases which leads to price enhancement of all things. —Ghotki

Protecting girl children MAZHAR IQBAL World inaugurates First International Day of Girl Child, and Pakistan is struggling to save life of a brave teenage girl. On this day, 14-year-old Malala, is not fighting against militancy but for her own survival. Communities around the globe are entering into a new era of joint efforts to end fundamental human rights violations that impact all aspects of a girl’s life, but this young peace activist from Taliban’s heartland in Northern Pakistan is struggling for her own life. At UN Headquarters in New York, human rights activists, peace educators, professionals will sit together to discuss the ways how govts, civil society, UN agencies and the private sector can come together to accelerate a decline in the practice of child marriage. The 11th October 2012 was celebrated as the first international day of girl child. There is a long struggle behind this historic day and on the forefront of all others the UNICEF has been the main supporter of this important development. Communities in South Asia, Africa and some other regions of the world have been experiencing the worst examples of abuse against girl child. They are keen and willing to invest their potential towards any such effort that can improve their track record of child rights violations. There are multiple issues related with girl child rights violations that would be taken up by world at large in next few years. For this inaugural day, the United Nations is focusing on the issue of child marriage. Globally, around 1 in 3 young women aged 20 to 24 approximately 70 million were married before the age of 18. Despite a decline in the overall proportion of child brides in the last 30 years, the challenge persists, particularly in rural areas and among the poorest. —Via email

KMC’s welcome step JAWED AHMED KHURSHEED The Karachi Metropolitan Corporation is the only civic agency of Pakistan that has waived-off its taxes for a period of one month applicable to sacrificial animals in order to facilitate its more than 30 million people on the occasion of Eid-ul-Azha. The KMC could have definitely earned a huge sum against it but it has preferred its public convenience so that everyone can do or participate in qurbani as this time traders will not have anything to surge the prices of sacrificial animal on the pretext of being taxed. Following the initiatives taken by the KMC, people of other cities of Pakistan may hope from their metropolitan corporations or any other entity levying taxes on sacrificial animal to follow a big-hearted example of KMC even in days of its fragile financial position. —Karachi

READERS are requested to type their letters legibly with double spacing and only on one side of the paper.

—Editor Email:editorial@pakobserver.net


Blood and Gold: Inside Burma’s Hidden War JASON MOTLAGH

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EOPLE & Power travels to northern Myanmar where the Kachin people are fighting a life-or-death struggle for au tonomy. Deep in the wilds of northern Myanmar’s Kachin state a brutal civil war has intensified over the past year between government forces and the Kachin Independence Army (KIA). People & Power sent filmmakers Jason Motlagh and Steve Sapienza to Myanmar (formerly Burma) to investigate why the conflict rages on, despite the political reforms in the south that have impressed Western governments and investors now lining up to stake their claim in the resource-rich Asian nation. Bald patches of dirt and shredded tree stumps speak to the artillery barrages that rained down on rebel Capt. Malang Naw Mai and his men when they arrived at their hilltop outpost nine months ago. He has since lost about one-fifth of his unit in combat, but the veteran officer insists the Burmese Army’s ruthless treatment of ethnic Kachin civilians fuels his resolve to hold the frontline. “I’m proud to be fighting their oppression and I will be satisfied if I die fighting,” he says. The war in Kachin reignited last year when the Burmese Army attacked a Kachin Independence Army (KIA) post near a disputed hydropower dam site, ending a 17-year ceasefire. It has since ramped up its offensive, calling into question the authority of a nominally civilian government that has repeatedly ordered it to stop fighting. “This so-called reform process has made it possible for the government and the government means the military - to get away with almost anything,” says Bertil Lintner, an author and journalist who has covered Burma for more than 30 years. “Things they would have been severely criticised for in the past are being ignored by the international community.” So far, more than 75,000 ethnic Kachin civilians have been driven from their ancestral lands. Human rights groups allege the Burmese army is intentionally attacking civilian areas, with wide-spread evidence of torture, rape, forced conscription and summary executions. Both sides employ child soldiers and continue to sow the ground with land mines. According to a June report by Human Rights Watch, at

least 10,000 additional Kachin refugees are stranded in make-shift camps across the border in China, where authorities still refuse to grant the United Nations and relief agencies

minorities could be further marginalised. “The international euphoria about the reform in Burma is definitely premature, especially with the crimes against humanity we’re

International euphoria about reform in Burma is premature. The government and the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) are violently clashing in northern Burma. After a 17-year ceasefire, the war in Kachin reignited last year when the Burmese Army attacked a KIA post near a disputed hydropower dam site. At stake is the resource-rich Kachin state, in which China and international corporations also have an interest for its minerals and prime timber. Peace talks between the two parties in Burma have not been successful. access. Thousands have reportedly been forced back across the border, into harm’s way. Such grim developments contradict the reform narrative now emanating from the long-time pariah state, officially known as Myanmar. Since coming to power last year, the government, led by Thein Sein, a former general, has freed hundreds of prisoners, eased media censorship and reached agreements with other ethnic minority rebel groups in a wide-ranging push to open up the country after decades of isolation. The West has eagerly responded. Following historic by-elections in April in which democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi was elected to parliament, the European Union suspended most of its sanctions. The US has likewise declared the country open and appointed its first ambassador in 22 years. In June, just days after formally easing key sanctions against Burma, the US state department led dozens of representatives from top American companies - including Chevron, GE, Boeing, GM, Google and Goldman Sachs – to Burma to meet officials and explore investment opportunities. GE signed a deal that same week. But voices of caution are sounding. In her Nobel prize acceptance speech in June, Suu Kyi warned against “blind faith” in Burma’s trajectory, asserting that ethnic tensions like those in Kachin state must be eased for the country to find its footing. As western businesses beat a path to her homeland, Burma watchers are concerned that ongoing rights abuses against the Kachin and other ethnic

seeing in Kachin state,” says Matthew Smith, a field investigator with Human Rights Watch. Outmanned and outgunned, KIA guerillas have fought the Burmese military on and off for decades in their bid for greater political rights and control over lands rich in minerals, timber and, more recently, Chinese-funded hydropower projects that were brokered during the ceasefire period. While other rebel movements in Karen and Chin states have inked deals with the government, KIA officials insist the Burmese used the truce as a cover to broker multi-billion dollar energy deals with China without their input. The current fighting was touched off when the Burmese Army advanced on KIA outposts near the Taping River. “The main reason this war goes on is that Burma is trying to solve our differences by force, not dialogue. Even though we are not in a good position, it is compulsory for us to fight for our rights,” says Gen. Sumlat Gun Maw, the KIA’s vice chief of staff. Recent advances by the Burmese army toward Laiza, the KIA’s administrative capital, have forced the general’s staff to relocate their command center to a hotel a stone’s throw from the Chinese border. Today, the former boom town is empty, while the newly displaced continue to swell camps on its outskirts. While China’s close ties with Burma’s former military government are well-known, it also remains the KIA’s lifeline to the world. Basic necessities such as medicines and rice must be smuggled into Kachin territory, and the KIA war chest is

largely depends on taxes and illicit cross-border trade in products ranging from dry goods to teak. In Laiza, the Chinese Yuan is the currency and Chinese mobile phone networks keep locals connected. China hosts Kachin university students, and when soldiers are seriously injured, lax border controls allow them passage to better hospitals for treatment. At the same time, Chinese-funded infrastructure projects are at the crux of the conflict in Kachin State, none more so than the Myitsone dam, a joint venture between the Burmese government and state-owned China Power Investment Corp. Slated to be the largest of seven along the Irrawaddy River, it was approved on grounds that it would benefit a region with poor infrastructure economic prospects. In fact, the $3.6bn project would have sent 90 percent of the electricity generated to China’s southwestern Yunnan province. Sean Turnell, an expert on the Burmese economy, notes that the Kachin have “witnessed decades of having their resources extracted and this causes incredible animosity.” The Myitsone dam project, he adds, is a case in point. Adding insult to injury, more than 12,000 Kachin have been forcibly relocated to Chinese-built camps to make way for the dam. While they have been issued free homes, appliances and utilities, they are unable to return to farmlands that have since been ravaged by mining and timber projects. In the face of unprecedented public pressure over the dam’s social and environmental impact, President Sein halted construction last year, a rare shot in the arm for civic activism. Yet locals argue work has never stopped, and his orders that the Burmese Army end its brutal campaign in Kachin state continue to be ignored. Gen. Gun Maw of the KIA says this proves Burma’s generals still call the shots behind the scenes. “What we want is freedom and liberty,” he says. “But the Burmese Army still has no will for dialogue.”’ In recent months, informal rounds of peace talks between the warring parties have gone nowhere. According to KIA sources, the Burmese Army maneuvered artil-

lery deeper into their territory while one meeting was being held inside China. Kachin communities continue to be up-

rooted by the fighting. At a sprawling camp outside of Maija Yang, the second-largest town under KIA-control, fresh waves of displaced Kachin described indiscriminate artillery and mortar fire that killed and maimed even as people fled. “It was chaos; we didn’t know which way they were coming from,” says Pansang Brang, a 72-year-old farmer. Of late many are arriving from Shan state, to the south, where they escaped heavy fighting near pair of major pipelines that will pump oil and gas to China starting next year. May Li Awng, the founder of a grassroots aid group, says she is receiving more and more children who are turning up without their parents. “Some try to run (back to find them) but don’t know the way and get lost,” she says. For the time being, they are safe from harm. Just eight miles away, up a series of muddy switchbacks, Capt. Naw Mai and his men keep up their bush patrols day and night for signs of Burmese infiltrators. The hilltops are quiet but they must be vigilant. Their forward-most position sits opposite a Burmese Army outpost less than 1,200 meters away. A days-long gun battle could erupt at any moment. Even now, we don’t initiate fight with the Burmese Army camps around us,” he says after surveying the enemy position with his binoculars. “We are just protecting our land.”—Courtesy – GPF

The Diary of a Former Sanctions Buster A US civil-military headache from JÉRÔME TUBIANA

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talks, including, naturally, any kind of human rights violation. The sanctions themselves can appear limited (individuals are forbidden to travel outside their country and their financial assets have to be frozen), but

esting trajectory: before joining the SLA in Darfur, he had spent six years in the SPLA (Sudan People’s Liberation Army), the rebel movement of South Sudan which played an important role in the raising of a ‘brother

ROMOTERS of the “Respon sibility to Protect” (R2P) often defend the doctrine by argu ing that many non-violent prior steps, such as sanctions, can preWhen Western member states really want to act on a file cede military interventions. Jérôme Tubiana, who was in charge of that, like Darfur, they labelled as a humanitarian priority, but monitoring the UN Security Council’s “list of individuals sub- don’t find consensus for action within the Security Council, they ject to sanctions” in Darfur, se- do not hesitate to act without the UN. We can only conclude that verely criticizes the implementation mechanisms of such sanctions. Not in the case of Sudan, they never really wanted to act and have only are the “suspects” not con- been happy to maintain the illusion that the UN is acting. When sulted or even informed that they are part of such lists, but by dis- action fails, they can blame - and eventually even sanction - the missing key players of the conflict from mediation efforts, “the sanc- local players for a mess that is in fact in part of their own making. tions are endangering the peace movement’ in Darfur. As for the secprocess, which should be the UN’s pri- the initial idea was that, if well impleond rebel leader, Jibril ‘Tek’ is a former ority.” To him, “no matter that the sys- mented, they ought to have an impact colonel of the Chadian army tem is inefficient, unfair or who became the chief of staff even damaging for peace, what of Darfur’s second rebel matters is hiding the internagroup, the JEM (Justice and tional community’s deep diviEquality Movement), before sions and maintaining the ildeciding to play solo and lusion that the UN acts with found the NMRD (National force in Darfur.” Movement for Reform and It took me a long minute Development). to recognize Adam Yaqub In this game – listing susSherif. The first and last time I pects – you quickly end up had met him, in 2005, he was playing the cop. But a good proudly wearing the standard cop is supposed to meet and uniform of the Darfur rebel – question the suspects. Suckalashnikov, turban expertly cessive experts never met any wrapped around his head, of the four sanctioned individuals, Thuraya satellite phone and charm- on the decisions of key players in the with the exception of general Ja’far, filled leather bags around his neck. He conflict. The first time I entered the ofbefore he was sanctioned. was the very icon of the young rebel- fice of the Panel of experts - well worn, Khartoum’s representatives repeated lion, and this had not gone unnoticed garish wall-to-wall carpet, grey metal to each successive panel that Ja’far by the few Western humanitarians who furniture and a pervasive tobacco had met him. They had nicknamed him smell, on the fifth floor of an Addis had been unfairly sanctioned and that anyway, as he was now retired, im« the handsome commmander of Ababa building - one of those raw posing sanctions on him was pointShangal Tobay » - the area of eastern concrete 60s blocks that blight the Darfur he controlled on behalf of the Ethiopian capital - I immediately no- less. The fact that successive experts didn’t meet the three other individuSudan Liberation Army (SLA). Six ticed, sellotaped to the wall, a large years later, Shangal Tobay was retaken sheet of white paper entitled ‘indi- als is more surprising. Of course, war chiefs, rebels or janjaweed are often by the government. Its population of vidual sanctions’ and covered in distrustful, but many are also eager Zaghawa - the tribe Adam Yaqub is from Sudanese names written with a black for contacts with the international - was accused of supporting the rebels, felt-tip pen. Included were high govcommunity. Musa Hilal, for instance, and so pushed into camps for the dis- ernment officials, little tribal chiefs, and, of course, the rebels. Here were the has for a long time shown himself placed. open to dialogue with Western diploWhen I find him again, Adam traces of a brainstorming during which mats. This is confirmed by a confiYaqub is hiding in a house in the former Panel had designated indidential US code-cable published in Khartoum, and looks thinner, tired, and viduals it deemed to deserve sanctions. Since 2006, successive Panels 2011 by Wikileaks, based on a 2009 still suffering from a bullet which penmeeting between the US chargé in etrated his back during fighting in have proposed to the Security CounKhartoum and Hilal, who was 2004. He is still the picture of the Darfur cil tens of individuals: it goes from particulary critical of his government: rebellion: weakened, consistently frag- heads of State (the Sudanese president « He repeatedly emphasised that the menting into factions, and increasingly Omar al-Bashir, of course, but also his loyalty of Darfur’s Arab tribes, and disliked by the international commu- Chadian counterpart Idriss Déby) and presumably his own, is up for grabs, nity. There is real fatigue vis-à-vis this other government officials, to leaders if the West is interested », the codeseemingly endless Darfur conflict, now of the countless Darfur rebel factions. cable says. At the same time, the Arab relegated far below priorities such as But until now, the Security Council has chief told me: « Since 2005, I told memSyria or Libya. At most, international only validated the experts’ suggestions bers of the international community players blame the rebels who refuse to for four individuals (and that in 2006): sign peace with the government, end- Adam Yaqub, Jibril Abdelkarim aka « to forget about the government and help us bring all Darfurians together lessly imposing conditions. Some of Tek », Musa Hilal and Ja’far Mohamed – rebel leaders and tribal leaders like the rebels have even been ‘sanctioned’ El-Hassan. The list is an interesting myself, I am sure we can reach an by the United Nations Security Coun- sample of the various actors of the agreement. » cil. Adam Yaqub is one of them. For Darfur conflict, each one’s trajectory Needless to say, the government eight months, from February to Sep- illustrating this war’s complexity. It also is embarrassed by these declarations. tember 2011, I was part of the group of showed, at the time, a clear desire for I remember an appointment Hilal had ‘experts’ charged, amongst other balance – two individuals who were given me in Khartoum, when, as I arthings, with proposing to the Security then clearly aligned to the government rived in front of his luxury villa, I was Council a list of individuals who and two others who were rebels. On informed he had just left. The guards should be sanctioned, and of monitor- the government side was a Sudanese at the door were not his usual young ing existing sanctions. Created in 2005, army general, Ja’far Mohamed Elkinsmen – I would be told later they the ‘Panel of experts on the Sudan’ is Hassan, commander of the forces dehad just been replaced by intellineither the most well-known nor the ployed in Darfur in 2004-6; and Musa gence officers, and that the security most influential institution, but in Hilal, the traditional chief of the theory, acting under the famous ‘Chap- Mahamid Arab tribe in North Darfur, services had summoned Hilal in an emergency, under suspicion of preparter VII’ , it was given substantial pow- known to have been one of the main ing a coup... “ Nobody from the United ers, including that of proposing ‘sanc- leaders of the suppletive militias called Nations informed me of sanctions tions’ on individuals involved in the ‘Janjaweed’, responsible of countless against me,” Musa Hilal told me when Darfur war. This could be for all kind of destructions of villages at the height I finally managed to meet him again. — reasons – from recruiting child-soldiers of the conflict in 2003-5. On the rebel Courtesy - Open Democracy. to the refusal to participate to peace side, Adam Yaqub also has an inter-

VP debate that could linger PETER FEAVER

I

The Joint Chiefs and the Afghan combatant commander did go along with

up with a budget cut number and then asked the defense department to come

F Obama wins a second term, he and his national security team The Obama administration has a civil-military problem will have a lot of remedial work and, I have reason to believe, they know it. Significant to do to repair relations with the military. I think Vice President Biden portions of the military believe the administration abandoned made that job even more difficult with them on Iraq, sent them unsupported into battle in Afghanihis remarkable comments in each of those areas in the VP debate. On Iraq, stan hampered by a politically driven timeline, and is jeoparBiden criticized Romney-Ryan for recdizing national security with unsustainably deep cuts in ommending that we have a 30,000 staybehind force in Iraq. When Ryan military spending. pointed out that the Obama administration had actually been trying to negotiate a stay-behind force, Biden just the White House order, but they pro- up with a strategy that fit under that smiled mockingly at him, as if Ryan were posed a slower, conditions-based number. The defense department did timeline and they certainly did not want not come up with the budget cuts first, talking nonsense. they came up with the strategy that they But Ryan was not talking non- it announced at the outset. This is a very dangerous game to thought, barely, could be viable under sense. The official position of the Obama administration until late in 2011 play. Because of the strong support for those cuts. (Defense had come up with was that they were seeking a Status of the principle of civilian control among defense cuts on their own earlier, in Forces Agreement (SoFA) to permit a our armed forces, civilians can and do the hopes that those cuts could be restay-behind force in Iraq. The exact size make the military salute and obey or- assigned to more pressing defense priwas in doubt, but the 30,000 figure was ders the military think are inadvisable. orities, but the Obama White House what the military wanted and the White Canny commanders-in-chief try to mini- simply pocketed those cuts and then House supported the concept, if not mize those instances, working with the directed more.) military to cajole and bargain them into It gets worse. When Biden and the exact number. The Obama administration wanted this for the very same supporting positions that they initially Obama say “defense spending the milireason the Bush administration wanted opposed (this is exactly what Bush did tary didn’t ask for’ that is incorrect since it: It was the best way to solidify the with the Iraq surge). But when the White the military did ask for all that spendgains of the Iraq surge and to build a House bigfoots a decision, as the ing — in the previous year’s budget. stable partnership with Iraq. Biden Obama White House did multiple times Actually, Obama asked for it, since it knows all of this because he was lead- on Afghanistan, it is the president who was his budget request. Yes, the foling the effort to negotiate the SOFA. must shoulder the political load for the lowing year Obama changed his mind Was Biden’s mocking smile saying decision. Biden knows, or should know, and he ordered the military to adjust to something else, perhaps that Obama that from the military’s perspective Presi- the lower cuts. And, dissembling aside, when you was never seriously committed to ne- dent Obama imposed an underresourced Afghan surge, undercut it by play political hardball with the military gotiating a successful SOFA? Was Obama’s decision to delegate this task announcing the timeline, and interrupted in that fashion it almost always leads to Biden a sign of how committed the last fighting season by accelerating to problems down the line. Serious Obama was to it? Or how uncommitted the withdrawal. That was his preroga- Obama national security professionals he was? Was Biden’s guarantee that tive as commander-in-chief. But if that understand this, but they don’t seem he would get the SOFA just idle brag- policy is criticized, as Ryan did in the to have any influence on what the canging from someone assigned a trivial debate, the Obama White House must didates are saying. task? The U.S. military leadership believed they accomplished something significant in the Iraq surge, and they believed that the Obama administration wanted to get them a SOFA that would help secure those accomplishments. Did Biden tell them otherwise in the debate last night? Or did Biden, as Ryan pointedly asked, simply fail at his SOFA assignment, in which case the mocking laughter is beyond inappropriate? On Afghanistan, Biden’s comments were even more troubling. Let’s set aside the extraordinary “mission accomplished” boast, a remarkable thing to say when American men and women continue to Again, it is fully proper as a matrisk their lives under very dire circum- be honest about how it came about. stances in theater. Biden got away with Biden cannot pretend that this was the ter of civil-military relations for the president to impose cuts on Deit, and neither Ryan nor the hapless military’s plan all along. fense, and he can do it in Martha Raddatz called him out on it. I am not sure there are enough Pinocchios whatever sequence he chooses. Where things really got But he should not impose dicey was when, in response in Tuscany to describe how misleading it is to the number, receive the milito the charge that the Afghan order the military to accept cuts and then tary salute, and then turn surge withdrawal timeline was around and tell the Ameridriven by political consider- pretend that they requested those cuts. can people that this was all ations, Biden tried to hide beBiden tried the same gambit on the the military’s idea. An administration hind the military. Raddatz pressed him on the complaints she is hearing — we defense cuts: “That was the decision enjoying strong and healthy relations all are hearing — but Biden dismissed of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, recom- with the military can probably get it as nonsense. He pretended that the mended to us and agreed to by the away with self-inflicted wounds of the withdrawal timeline was proposed by president. That is a fact....They made sort that Biden’s remarks produced. I the Joint Chiefs rather than imposed the recommendation first.” Yet, as he am not sure this administration can by the White House. That is not true. surely knows, the White House came afford it.— Courtesy - FP


Over $2b gas stolen every year

The town echoes with the Music and Art euphoria From Page 3 Control and Prevention, 32 infections were reported in the U.S from 2002 to 2011. Only one person has survived out of 123 known U.S. cases from 1962 to 2011. Although the Municipal authorities have launched a campaign in the city to ensure the supply of clean water to the citizens and health officials are carrying out a public awareness campaign to educate and guide people and doctors across Karachi about the disease, the Federal and the Provincial health ministry and the departments should also come forward to nip this plague in the bud. Otherwise, the rumours and the gossips amongst the common rut can lead to an unnecessary misunderstanding of the situation and can spread panic about the disease. According to Musa Khan, the In/Charge of the WHO’s Disease Early Warning System, “There is no need to panic over these deaths. There is a remote chance for the spread of this deadly disease.” The killing-monster gulps down …more souls Although the city was marked, this week, with the healthy and pleasant domino of cultural programs, the rampage of targeted killing and sectarian and political hostilities remained there as the permanent feature of the metropolis and took away 34 more lives from the bereaved families. According to the police reports, the death toll comprised 6 workers or activists of PPP, MQM, ASWJ and 2 policemen. According to an official report, 65 policemen have been killed in the last year. Dozens of the specially held meetings of the high ranking political and state cream of the crop and the law and security concerning officials have, so far, miserable failed to balm the wounds of this bleeding city where people are rapidly lapsing into the marshes of psycho-emotional abnormalities and depression. The most dangerous and painful fact, regarding this deteriorated law and order situation, is masses’ mistrust and pessimism as they have started believing that political elite is not sincere with the people and it deliberately exploits the poor bipeds’ dead bodies to gain political mileage. —The writer is a senior educationist, analyst and freelance-journalist. muttahirkhan@yahoo.com

Petroleum, CNG rates From Page 1 after 12 am tonight. The petrol price has been cut by Rs 2.9 per litre and CNG by Rs 1.91 per kilogram following approval by the ministry of finance as part of the weekly revision of rates. The new price of petrol is Rs 103.46; High Speed Diesel Rs 113.62; Kerosene oil Rs 103.87 and that of Light Speed Diesel Rs 97.93 per litre. Similarly, high speed diesel has been raised by Rs 3.16; kerosene oil by Rs 1.92; light diesel oil by Rs 1.23 and high octane blending component (HOBC) by Rs.2.95 per litre. Moreover, the finance ministry also approved a reduction in CNG price by Rs 1.91 per kilogram in Region-1 (Potohar, KP and Balochistan) and Rs1.75 in Region-2 (Sindh, Punjab), effective from October 15.—NNI

MQM to support Army From Page 1

LAHORE: Visitors taking keen interest during Books Exhibition at Al-Hamra Hall.

Elections: PPP demands 11 seats sacrifice from MQM in Karachi lose some seats in the interior Sindh because of its strong coalition with the MQM and changes in the Sindh Local Government Ordinance as per the aspirations of the Muttehida Qaumi Movement. As a compensation, the PPP leader had asked Altaf Hussain to get his party ready to give sacrifice of 11 seats in Karachi so that the PPP candidates could win the seats in certain areas with the support of MQM, said sources. During meeting both the leaders made commitment to support each other in the next elections with a pledge to carry on this coalition in the next government, in case PPP again gets majority in the National Assembly, sources further said. Both the leaders strongly opposed the idea of holding early elections with a viewpoint that it could damage their parties’ position in the elec-tions because of four years bad performance, said

From Page 1 sources. Sources said that during meeting the MQM chief has strongly appreciated the courage of PPP that ignored the Sindhi nationalists and supported the voice of a vast majority of the elected represen-tatives in Sindh Assembly. At present the number of total seats in the National Assembly and Sindh Assembly stand at 342 and 168, respectively. If the PPP and MQM held their hands firmly in the coming elections, both the parties can make a significant difference in the future political scenario of the country, said sources. Details obtained by Pakistan Observer showed that in 2008 general elections the MQM had bagged 17 seats out of 20 (General Seats) of the National Assembly in Karachi while PPP got only three NA seats from the mega city of Pakistan. MQM’s

Eid shopping

total seats in the National Assembly from Sindh are 24 (out of 75 total NA seats of Sindh) while MQM holds 51 seats in the Sindh Assembly out of total 168 seats. PPP’s Pakistan People Party had won 125 seats in the National Assembly and 106 in the Sindh Assembly. When contacted, Engineer Nasir Jamal, a spokesman of the MQM told Pakistan Observer from Karachi that the PPP and MQM had already formed a committee to look into areas of their mu-tual interest to strengthen their cooperation in fu-ture. He said that the two parties were discussing the issue of seats adjustment in the coming elec-tions. He said that the MQM can enter into a liberal election alliance with the PPP in the next general elections, but it will depend on the outcome of the mutual talks going on between the two coalition partners.

MRI, cancer diagnostic machines inoperative in Children Hospital

L AHORE —MRI and Flowcytomitry machines which are used to diagnose cancer among children have been out of order in Children Hospital for years. According to sources on Sunday, the MRI machine has been dysfunctional for one and a half years and patients have to undergo tests at private hospitals which charge around Rs 10,000 per test. Over 10 patients visit the hospital every day for the test but return disappointed. The Flowcytomitry machine which is used to diagnose cancer among children has been out of order for three years and needy children are forced to undergo the test privately which costs highly. Around 10 to 15 patients visit the hospital every day for the test. According to a doctor at the hospital, the test costs Rs 17,000 to Rs 22,000 at private hospitals which is beyond the reach of poor patients. When contacted, hospital officials said they had written many times to the health department to repair the machines but to no avail. Parents of patients have appealed to high-ups of the Punjab health department to look into the matter immediitems for his six-member family at ately.—APP special discount. Major (Read) Zahoor Ahmad Ranjaha, Lt.Col (Retd) Sultan Haider, Majors (Retd) Umar and Anzar said that they got changed moboil, oil and air From Page 1 filters of their cars and also got checked air pressure of tyres satifactory progress,” he said in without service charges at Guard a statement issued here. Meanwhile, he said short Auto Zone outlet. They said that it was a good addition to CSD trial of wearing off from ventifor better service for all visitors lator was given which was sucto save time and get quality au- cessful. Later she was recontomobile services while shop- nected to the ventilator to avoid ping. Sources said the next state- patient’s fatigue. “Possibilities of transfer of-the-art Guard auto zone would be opened at CSD Gujranwala be- overseas are being considered.” As a contingency plan, arrangefore Eid.—APP ments are still on cards, if the panel of doctors recommended her to shift UAE for treatment a special air ambulance with necessary equipment would shortly be arranged to manage her air travel. The doctors have reviewed through unfair means and even Malala’s condition and have exit got the government of Punjab pressed satisfaction over the with the support of Mohtarma improvement. Benazir Bhutto Shaheed. Malala is making slow and Special advisor to prime steady progress which is in minister Ch Aslam Gill said on keeping with expectations as the occasion that the PPP recovery of this type of injury is workers had faced difficulties always slow. Doctors are conbut they remained steadfast. tinuing to monitor her condition Ch Ghulam Abbas, advisor closely and her further detailed to AJK PM Dr Ahsan and other medical check up will be carried leaders also addressed the cer- out this evening. emony and paid tribute to two A special medical team PPP workers who committed comprising specialists from suicide at Lohari gate includ- abroad, senior specialists from ing Rafique Khokhar and civil set up and senior doctors Abdur Rashid.—APP from Pakistan Army are keeping vigilance on Malala’s health round the clock.—APP

CSD offers upto 50% special discount LAHORE—CSD, a super market sively for the armed forces, has network of the armed forces, has announced special Eid-ul-Azha discount upto 50 per cent on 500 products throughout the country. Official sources told APP on Sunday that Managing Director, CSD, Major General Anwar Saeed Khan,in view of Eid-ul- Azha had approved special discount upto 50 per cent at all its outlets across the country. People belonging to different walks of life have widely hailed the decision of CSD management allowing special discount for shopping by civilians at all its outlets throughout the country. The facility, which was exclu-

now been opened to civilians. Now visitors can also buy best quality grocery, food, garments, wood furniture, fresh fruits, vegetables and other household items at reasonable rates, comparatively less than open market. Mrs Sofia Haq, Sana Izhar and Sobia Aurangzaib, civilians, who visited CSD, told APP that it was a good experience to shop at CSD super market, the Mall. They said it was quite surprising to buy one and get one free Thai fancy lady shoe for Rs 482 only. Another civilian visitor Muhammad Raman, a driver, said he had purchased a number of

ISPR: Malala’s health

Continuity of democracy vital for prosperity: Khosa LAHORE—Punjab Governor had sacrificed their lives for Sardar Latif Khan Khosa has said that continuity of democracy is vital for prosperity of the country and getting prominent position among the international community. Addressing a memorial ceremony of PPP workers who committed suicide on October 2, 1978 against the judicial murder of Party Chairman Zulfikar Ali Bhuto Shaheed, held at the residence of former general secretary of PPP Punjab Ch Ghulam Abbas, here, he said that PPP workers

the democracy. Paying tribute to PPP workers, he said those people should be remembered who sacrificed for the cause of democracy and vision of ZAB Shaheed. He said the PPP was the name of a passion and movement whose workers had set examples of sacrifices, adding the PPP had never practiced the politics of power as it always remained in power even it was in the opposition. The governor alleged the PML-N had always got power

the attack on education and highly esteemed values of Muslim Ummah. MQM chief called upon the nation to stand up against Taliban If it wanted to defend and protect Quaid-i-Azam’s Pakistan,. Malala Yousafzai is the daughter of the nation and the attack on her life was an attack on education, Altaf eulogized Malala and said that raising voice for education in Taliban’s stronghold is a “courageous act.” “Those who attacked young Malala are not human being instead they are beasts, he remarked. Altaf Hussain prayed for early recovery of Malala Yousafzai and two other girls, Kainat and Shazia who also sustained injuries in Sawat attack. The MQM Chief said, “nations change their fate themselves and we have to move forward despite all the challenges.” “Why some of the political and religious parties are still playing the role of silent” spectators over the ghastly act of attacking on life of Mala is beyond compre- LAHORE: A vendor displaying sacrificial animals to attract the customers ahead of Eidul Azha. hension he remarked.

BWAP opens handicraft centre L AHORE —Behbud Welfare Association of Pakistan (BWAP) launched its handicraft centre to provide products of Behbud Industrial Homes. Behbud Association of Pakistan president Farida Anwar Zahid along with other members inaugurated the Lahore branch on Sunday. Behbud Association is a non-profit welfare organization. The Behbud encourages women workers to utilize their skills to ease their financial constraints. It also subsidizes children oriented health care and education facilities under privileged areas of the country.—APP

fundamental flaw lies in the compensation mechanism (return on assets formula of 1717.5 percent) and investment criteria (financing support by the government) which lead to the system expansion (even if gas is not available) rather than proper O&M (operation and mainte-nance) to improve efficiency. However, the top official sources in Planning Commission said that official figure of UFG stands at close to 10 percent which factually hovers in the range of 12-13 percent, According to them, 1.9 bil-lion cubic feet of gas gets wasted in the head of unaccounted for gas (theft and leakages) per day. And out of which 8 per cent gas is stolen by Indus-trial sector. The country produces 4.2 bcf gas every day out of which 1.9 bcf gas gets wasted in the shape of UFG. The official said that industrial sector com-mits theft of gas of Rs 47.491 billion every year. “If the said massive leakage of the gas gets controlled, then the gas shortfall which some time touches the whopping figure of 1 billion cubic feet gas per day (bcfd) in winter season can easily be coped with.” The contributing factors to UFG include leak-ages, measurement errors, gas theft and others and according to the international practice, 1-3 percent UFG is ideal, 3-6 percent is reasonable and over 6 percent UFG is excessive. According to the documents available with this scribe, the National Security Council on 11 October, 2000 decided that the regulatory authorities shall look into the inefficiencies and losses of public utilities in the energy sector before allowing an increase in tariff. The documents says that the UFG benchmarks were fixed by the Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (Ogra) in the year 2002, after a thorough and exten-sive in-house study and through a consultative proc-ess with both the licensees — SNGPL and SSGCL keeping in view all relevant factors that contributed in gas losses of the companies.

From Page 1 After fixation of the benchmarks, UFG levels improved till the year 2005-06, however, the same started deteriorating from 2005-06 onward and touched a new high up to existing level of over 10 percent. However the industrial sources said that UFG stands at somewhere between 12-13 percent which is at very higher side. Documents unveils that Ogra fixed the bench-marks of UFG for years 2003-04 to 2011-12 in 2002and 2005 and also later fixed for 2012-13 and onwards in consultation with stakeholders and ex-perts. Federal government, World Bank, Ogra and consumers, Supreme Court of Pakistan all have criticized on high UFG of Sui Southern and Sui Northern’s systems. The spokesman of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources admitted that UFG in Paki-stan is highest in the region. He mentioned that with the increase of every 100 kilometers distribution network, there is an increase of 0.002 percent of UFG due to underground leakages and aging of network. He said that addition of one domestic gas connection increase about 12 potential leaking points. “The high growth rate of domestic consumers which stands at 250,000 per year contributes a lot in the increase of UFG. He also said that the underground corroded buried lines are one of the factors contributing towards UFG. The spokesman admitted that the increase in gas tariff prompts the gas consumers for indulging in gas theft and due to non-cooperative attitude of police, the gangs (Industrial and commercial) involved in gas theft can not be taken to task. The gas companies in Pakistan argued that UFG losses was an ongoing process which tended to in-crease with time owing to expansion and aging of network, leading to increased leakages, aging of meters which resulted in un-

der-recording, meas-urement errors, sticky meters incorrect reading. The main cause of UFG losses in transmission system include receipt of gas from 46 different sources, each having different mechanisms of gas measure-ment with different percentage of accuracy, rupture of pipelines caused by terrorist activities and drain-age of condensate gas. The spokesman said that the gas companies could not enter most industrial consumers’ premises ow-ing to inadequate availability of police protection to detect theft of gas in face of physical resistance of well connected consumers. “The stay orders granted by the courts were another factor that hindered timely action against the culprits of gas theft. The gas companies further sated that they has taken cure of all control able factors which had resulted in reduction of UFG losses.” The spokesman of Ogra observed that the argu-ment of aging network by gas utilities is not sustain-able. Ogra says that it has been allowing expendi-ture on system augmentation and repair and mainte-nance of gas pipelines as demanded and if the size or quality of this work has been adequate, the re-sponsibility lies squarely on the gas companies. Ogra also says that though theft of gas is one of the factors in the increase of UFG, but at the same time it can be controlled by proper vigilance, regular monitoring and appropriate actions. Ogra spokesman also said that underground leakages and replace of corroded lines is the sole responsibility of the gas distribution companies which can be controlled with proper monitoring and swift response in rectification of identifies leakages. The spokesman said that Ogra has fixed the UFG target for 2012-13 at 4.5 percent and expects that both the gas utilities would take all necessary measures to reduce UFG through controlling gas theft, leakages and other related factors.

‘Metro Bus Service Project’

Shahbaz directs to accelerate completion pace SALIM AHMED LAHORE—Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif today paid a visit to Metro Bus Service Project early in the morning and reviewed the pace of construction work. Member Provincial Assembly, Mehr Ishtiaq Ahmed, Director General LDA and other concerned officers accompanied the Chief Minister. DG LDA Ahad Cheema gave a detailed briefing to Chief Minister regarding the project. The Chief Minister said that metro bus service is a splendid project in the transport history of Pakistan and its completion would result in modern, affordable and rapid transport facilities. He said that metro bus service project will soon be opened to the general public and the fare of metro bus service will be within the reach of the common man. He said that metro bus service will be completely free for the people during the first four

weeks and no fare will be charged. He said that this modern service will revolutionize transport system and will give a new identity to Lahore. He said that those travelling by their personal cars will also prefer to travel by metro bus service as it will save their time and they will be able to reach their destination quickly. He said that he realize that due to construction work, people are facing problems and difficulties but these are temporary and will give way to permanent relief. While reviewing construction work at different sections of the project, he directed authorities concerned to ensure expeditious implementation of the project. He said that the pace of work can be accelerated through better coordination between the departments concerned. He directed that there should be no delay in the execution of the public welfare project. The Chief Minister directed DG LDA to consider the project of making Qurtaba Chowk inter-

Free hepatitis treatment offered to jail inmates L AHORE —Outgoing Senior first visit to any jail and his

Vice President Lahore Chamber views about the plight in jail had of Commerce and Industry altogether changed.—APP Meher Kashif Younis Sunday offered free treatment to hepatitis inmates in camp jail and central jail, Kot Lakhpat. Jail sources told APP here Sunday that he made this announcement during his visit to camp jail. Deputy Inspector General of Prisons Hq Mian Salik Jalal and Superintendent Camp Jail Ejaz Asghar were also present. Meher Kahif visited jail hospital, kitchen, stores and different barracks. He highly appreciated the best quality of food being served to inmates with good-baked breads on roti plants which he observed was thousands of times better than outside hotels while inmates have also direct access to filter water for drinking. He was impressed with the prevailing hygienic conditions in and around the kitchen besides free medical treatment to ailing inmates within jail premises. Meher said that it was his

change signal-free from every aspect and a report should be submitted to him in this regard within 24 hours. The Chief Minister directed to make arrangements for the continuation of the work on metro bus service project even during Eid-ul-Azha holidays and said that no compromise can be made on the quality of construction work. The Chief Minister further directed authorities concerned to utilize all available resources for the speedy completion of this glorious project.

LOST OF CERTIFICATE I have lost my Matric certificate, Year 2000 Annual Roll No. 30577 Registration No. 363BWN-94-97 from Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education Bahawalpur. If any body finds contact. Abdul Hameed S/o Mehngay Khan R/o Chak No. 25 Gigyani Tehsil Chishtian Distt: Bahawalnagar.


Karzai seeks Pakistani politicians cooperation against extremism

By-election seat offered to Humayun ISLAMABAD—PML-N has offered general secretary PML-LM’s Humayun Akhtar SUKKUR: JUI-F chief Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman addressed a big public meeting. A view of the large crowd. to contest by-elections. Sources have disclosed that PML-N and PML-LM were currently negotiating seat adjustments over 11% seats; while a consensus had been achieved over seats for women ISLAMABAD—The National Assembly and the Senate and bureaucrats.—Online would resume their sittings at the Parliament House on Mon- ISLAMABAD—A Joint Inspec- response to Pakistan’s call for the court. The question was BWAP opens day evening after two days tion Commission of Pakistani “interim measures” against the whether India’s proposed diverand Indian officials are sched- dam which may cause diversion sion of the Neelum-Jhelum handicraft centre break. River into another tributary, the According to schedule, uled to inspect the site of the of the river’s flow. LAHORE—Behbud Welfare The ICA is expected to anBonar Madmati Nullah, being private members business is controversial Kishanganga hyAssociation of Pakistan nounce its verdict in February one central element of the conducted in the Senate on dro-electricity project today. (BWAP) launched its Kishanganga project, breaches Monday where private bills, A three-member Pakistani 2013. handicraft centre to provide Pakistan believes the con- India’s legal obligations owed products of Behbud Industrial motions and resolutions are team lead by Indus Treaty Commissioner Asif Baig reached In- struction of Kishanganga dam to Pakistan under Indus Waters Homes. Behbud Association of presented by the member. on the Neelum-Jhelum River Treaty . The government is exdia to visit the site. Pakistan president Farida Another dispute raised by The disputed power project would deprive Pakistan of 13 Anwar Zahid along with other pected to inform the two percent of the river’s water, Pakistan was whether India houses about investigations is being built on the Neelum members inaugurated the which may deal a blow to the may deplete or bring the reserinto attack on Malala River at Gurez in Indian held Lahore branch on Sunday. country’s agriculture sector. voir level of a run-of-river plant Behbud Association is a non- Yousufzai and her friends who Kashmir. During a hearing in August below Dead Storage Level (DSL) were injured in a terrorist atIn September 2011, the Inprofit welfare organization. tack. ternational Court of Arbitration 2012 in the international court in any circumstances except in It is rendering its social Sources said that a resolu- had stopped India from any per- at The Hague, Pakistan placed the case of an unforeseen emerservice through practically tion is likely to be presented manent work on the project in the matter for determination by gency. —NNI empowering women of rural in both the houses, as per the areas by channelizing their handicraft skills to the national suggestion of PML-Q President Chaudhry Shujaat level.—APP Hussain, to declare Malala as “Ambassador of peace and Polio vaccination Dukhtar-e-Pakistan”. Meanwhile strict security campaign arrangements have been made ISLAMABAD—A three day being propagated at internaat the Parliament house in view LAHORE —Ameer Jamaat-e- be a revolutionary. national Polio Immunization Syed Munawar Hasan ques- tional level. of security threats in Islami Syed Munawar Hasan, has Campaign will be launched on Islamabad. Special instruc- said the people issuing directives tioned the MQM’s credentials to While condemning the atMonday to vaccinate children tions have been issued to In- for collecting particulars of the collect the information about tack on Malala as inhuman and aged less than five years. A spector General Police, mosque Imams and Khatibs and mosque Imams and the Ulema, immoral, the JI Ameer took exspecial ceremony will be Islamabad for this purpose. No the Ulema were a total failure and the motive behind the move. ception to the views of the inorganized at Aiwan-e-Sadr in one would be allowed to enter in spite of being a party in the He asked on whose agenda tellectuals appearing on the TV Islamabad for launching the the Red Zone without CNIC federal and the provincial gov- the MQM was serving. The and the columnists that the campaign. President Asif Ali MQM, he said, was itself a con- Malala incident should not be and all the vehicles would be ernment. Zardari‚ Provincial Governors‚ thoroughly searched.—INP Talking to delegations from troversial body, and there should mixed up with the killings of Prime Minister of Azad different parts of the country at- be no such move as would add innocent children in drone atJammu and Kashmir and all tending the JI central workshop, to the dissention in the country. tacks. He said the life of every the Chief Secretaries will The JI Ameer said that cer- human being was sacred and no he said that ever since the MQM attend the ceremony. —NNI came into being, the people of tain people were trying to ex- body had the right to take his life. He said unfortunately, the Karachi had been collecting ploit the Malala Yousufzai incident to realize heinous designs . drone attacks were being made dead bodies, while extortion and Cop, 5 militants target killings had become a rou- He said that a particular group with the consent of the Pakistani killed during tine. The target killers and ex- working on the US agenda was rulers, and that was why no voice I SLAMABAD — The govern- tortionists were roaming about involved in the Malala attack was being raised against that.— search operation ment has received report from freely yet the party claimed to and that was why the issue was SANA PESHAWAR—A policeman the commission tasked with was killed on Sunday when the investigation of militants opened fire on a Abbottabad raid that killed alpolice raiding party in Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden Peshawar’s Bara Shaikhan in May last year. also a chairman of the Multi-Faith most notorious war criminals still area. Five militants were also M A KAISERIMAM The commission was diGroup for Healthcare Chaplaincy, alive – has announced that it has killed in retaliatory firing by rected by the government to the police. According to police wrap up the investigation by LONDON—National Health Ser- is accused of abducting, torturing completed its year-long investigavice (NHS) boss faces death pen- and killing 18 journalists, academ- tion into Mr Mueen-Uddin. The sources a raiding party was October 12. conducting a search operation According to sources, the alty over charges of torture and 18 ics and doctors during the bloody ICT’s prosecution wing will anin Bara Shaikhan area in 700-page report comprises murders in Bangladesh. War war of independence in nounce formal charges against him in the next few days, said a Peshawar’s suburbs when it three volumes and carries in- crimes tribunal set to bring damn- Bangladesh in 1971. Mr Mueen-Uddin, 63, who senior official at the tribunal. came under gunfire by terviews of 300 people, includ- ing indictments against NHS diSanaul Huq, the Inspectormilitants, resulting in the death ing former generals, diplo- rector of spiritual care. Prosecu- strongly denies the allegations, is of one policeman. Police mats, bureaucrats, intelligence tors want him extradited to face believed to have fled Bangladesh General of Bangladesh’s national resorted to retaliatory gunfire officials, journalists and trial over atrocities committed in shortly after the war ended, and police force, who is co-ordinating killing five assailants. Security members of the civil society. Bangladesh in 1971. According has been living in London since the ICT investigation, said his investigators believe that Mr forces cordoned off the area The commission was to the Mail on Sunday, the early Seventies. Bangladesh’s International Mueen-Uddin killed dozens of after the incident and started asked to unmask facts about Chowdhury Mueen-Uddin, who the search for militants. —INP the May 2 American raid.— is director of Muslim Spiritual Crimes Tribunal (ICT) – which people during the independence Care Provision in the NHS and is has been set up to try the country’s war, but they can link him only to Online

NA, Senate resume sessions today

Pak officials to inspect Kishanganga Dam today

Munawar slates Altaf’s move for collecting Ulema’s particulars

Govt gets Osama operation commission report

K ABUL —Afghan President Hamid Karzai has written letters to top political and religious leaders in Pakistan, denouncing the Taliban attack on a Pakistani teenager who is promoting girls’ education and asking them to help battle extremism in both countries. Karzai’s office said in a statement issued late Saturday that the president wrote that the attack on 14-year-old schoolgirl Malala Yousufzai indicated that both Afghanistan and Pakistan need to take “coordinated and serious” steps to fight terrorism and extremism. Karzai wrote that he views the shooting as an attack on Afghanistan’s girls as well. “It is a deplorable event that requires serious attention,” Karzai wrote.

Those upset about the shooting should not be silenced, he wrote, and both Afghans and Pakistanis need to cooperate and fight with strong resolve against terrorism and extremism so that the “children of Afghanistan and Pakistan” can be saved from oppression. Karzai has been pushing Islamabad to take more action against militant groups that he says hide out in Pakistan and then cross into Afghanistan to conduct attacks on Afghan officials and security forces and on international forces. The letters were sent to more than a dozen political and religious leaders, including Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari; Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf; Nawaz Sharif, the leader of Pakistan’s Muslim League –

Donya, Sabeen holding dual nationality I S L A M A B A D —Lawmakers Donya Aziz of PML-Q and PML-N Sabeen Rizvi are also among dual nationality holding parliamentarians as they have US and British nationalities, respectively. Pakistan Muslim League (PML-Q) lawmaker Donya Aziz daughter of Tariq Aziz is a national of United States and had made a number of trips to country of her second nationality in the last three years. According to the documents she has two national identities , one Pakistan’s Computerized National Identity Card (CNIC) number 611067662212 and other US national ID number L ONDON —Britain plans to 10175538621. —Online withdraw thousands of troops from Afghanistan next year, Defence Secretary Philip Hammond said on Sunday, as pressure mounts to end British involvement in the costly and unpopular war. Some 500 troops are due to be repatriated by the end of this year, leaving around 9,000. KUWAIT CITY—Prime Minister, Hammond said he expected Raja Pervez Ashraf will arrive thousands of those remaining to here today on a three-day visit go home in 2013, but not the to attend the First Summit of majority, indicating a maximum Asian Cooperation Dialogue withdrawal of around 4,500 per(ACD). sonnel. During his stay, the Prime All British combat personMinister will have an audience nel are due to be withdrawn by with the Amir of Kuwait, Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber AlSabah and Kuwait’s Prime Minister, Sheikh Jaber Mubarak alHamad Al-Sabah. The Prime Minister will also interact with other world leaders on the sidelines of the Sum- I S L A M A B A D —Appeasing mit.—APP former prime minister Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani, President Asif Ali Zardari has made him in-charge of PPP’s entire election campaign that would also handle seat adjustments. Well-placed sources in18 murders with evidence and formed Online that Gilani would eyewitness testimonies. The ICT said Mr Mueen-Uddin be at the helm of PPP’s affairs and his associates allegedly sub- related to next general elections. jected their victims to horrendous Besides leading the election torture before killing them and campaign, Gilani would also dumping their bodies in sports have decisive say in seat adjustgrounds which earned the nick- ments with coalition partners, especially PM L-Q, sources name ‘killing fields’. The ICT was set up by the added. Bangladeshi government two years ago after all major political parties voted unanimously in Parliament for a war crimes tribunal. Human rights groups and activists had been campaigning.

Thousands of UK troops to leave Afghanistan in 2013

Raja to attend Asian Coop Dialogue Summit in Kuwait

ISLAMABAD—Son of former Chairman Senate Wasim Sajjad, Barrister Omer Hassan Sajjad has been appointed as Advisor to the Interior Minister Rehman Malik. A notification to this effect has been issued. Barrister Omer Hassan Sajjad is a young legal expert, having a deep knowledge on political as well as legal issues. —NNI

Two shot dead Staff Reporter QUETTA—At least two persons were shot dead while three others injured in firing by unidentified gunmen firing at Abdul Sattar Road here on Sunday. According to police sources, the gunmen came on a motorcycle and started firing on a car, leaving two men dead on the spot.

UN warns of looming worldwide food crisis GENEVA —World grain re- are being run down. Supplies the food crisis is growing in mands for food are growing so in the next 20 years, threatserves are so dangerously low that severe weather in the United States or other food-exporting countries could trigger a major hunger crisis next year, the United Nations has warned. Failing harvests in the US, Ukraine and other countries this year have eroded reserves to their lowest level since 1974. The US, which has experienced record heatwaves and droughts in 2012, now holds in reserve a historically low 6.5% of the maize that it expects to consume in the next year, says the UN. “We’ve not been producing as much as we are consuming. That is why stocks

are now very tight across the world and reserves are at a very low level, leaving no room for unexpected events next year,” said Abdolreza Abbassian, a senior economist with the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO). With food consumption exceeding the amount grown for six of the past 11 years, countries have run down reserves from an average of 107 days of consumption 10 years ago to under 74 days recently. Prices of main food crops such as wheat and maize are now close to those that sparked riots in 25 countries in 2008. FAO figures released this week suggest that 870 million people are malnourished and

the Middle East and Africa. Wheat production this year is expected to be 5.2% below 2011, with yields of most other crops, except rice, also falling, says the UN. The figures come as one of the world’s leading environmentalists issued a warning that the global food supply system could collapse at any point, leaving hundreds of millions more people hungry, sparking widespread riots and bringing down governments. In a shocking new assessment of the prospects of meeting food needs, Lester Brown, president of the Earth policy research centre in Washington, says that the climate is no longer reliable and the de-

fast that a breakdown is inevitable, unless urgent action is taken. “Food shortages undermined earlier civilisations. We are on the same path. Each country is now fending for itself. The world is living one year to the next,” he writes in a new book. According to Brown, we are seeing the start of a food supply breakdown with a dash by speculators to “grab” millions of square miles of cheap farmland, the doubling of international food prices in a decade, and the dramatic rundown of countries’ food reserves. Oxfam last week said that the price of key staples, including wheat and rice, may double

the end of 2014. “I would expect it will be significant, which means thousands, not hundreds, but I would not expect it to be the majority,” Hammond told the BBC, after being asked about troop withdrawals next year. At least 424 British troops have been killed in Afghanistan since the 2001 US-led military invasion, yet stability has remained elusive and violence high. Meanwhile Britain, like other NATO members, has slashed its defence budget and cut troop numbers and equipment programmes in response to constrained finances. — Reuters

Gilani made in-charge of PPP election campaign

Bangladesh to try Mueen-Uddin

Hassan appointed Advisor to Malik

Nawaz Party; Qazi Hussain Ahmed, leader of the Islamic party Jamaat-e-Islami; Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, who heads the Pakistan Muslim League-Q; and Imran Khan, a cricket star who leads the Tehreek-e-Insaf party. Khan has been especially outspoken against US drone attacks. Khan has argued in the past that Islamabad’s alliance with Washington is the main reason Pakistan is facing a homegrown Taliban insurgency and that militant activity in Pakistan’s tribal areas will dissipate when US troops withdraw from Afghanistan.Earlier this month, Khan led a protest against US drone attacks, saying that as long as they continue, anti-American sentiment in Pakistan could continue to rise. —AP

ening disastrous consequences for poor people who spend a large proportion of their income on food. In 2012, according to the FAO, food prices are already at close to record levels, having risen 1.4% in September following an increase of 6% in July. “We are entering a new era of rising food prices and spreading hunger. Food supplies are tightening everywhere and land is becoming the most sought-after commodity as the world shifts from an age of food abundance to one of scarcity,” says Brown. “The geopolitics of food is fast overshadowing the geopolitics of oil.”—INP

Gilani, who poured out his woeful grievances to President Zardari during a dinner party hosted at President House, was consoled with high assurances by President Zardari, and (Gilani) finally mellowed out, giving his unending vows of loyalty to his co-chairman, Zardari. Gilani was also grieved over ANF’s arrest of his son, Musa Ali Gilani over the Ephedrine case, and was severely disappointed over ‘government’s inaction’ and ‘inability’ to contain this arrest. —Online

Great game being played against Pakistan: DPC

MUZAFFARABAD—Chairman Kashmir and pave way for holdDifaa-e-Pakistan Council Maulana Sami ul Haq and Chief of Jamaat ud Dawa Hafiz Saeed Ahmad have claimed that attack on Malala is a conspiracy of America for launching military operation in North Wazirstan. Addressing a Kashmir conference on Sunday, Maulana said that all children who had been killed in drones attacks should be considered equally like Malala. “A great game is being played against Pakistan by India, America and Israel, but we will not let them succeed in their nefarious designs,” he stated. Addressing the conference, Hafiz Saeed said that America and its allies had lost the war in Afghanistan, now it was time to defeat India in Kashmir. He urged Manmohan Singh to withdraw Indian troops from

ing tripartite dialogue for peaceful settlement of Kashmir dispute. Sardar Attique Ahmad Khan said Kashmir is a fort for Pakistan and Kashmir liberation movement will never become weak.Central leader of Jamaat e Islami Dr. Kamal said that Pakistani army should take action against India for liberation of Kashmir. Sheikh Rashid Ahmad said that US has destroyed the economy of Pakistan and handed over it to the corrupt rulers. Former DG ISI Hameed Gul said that Pakistan has lost more than one billion dollars in “Pak-Indo trade”.Amir Jamaat e Islami Kashmir Maulana Abdul Rashid Tarabi, amir Insarul Ummah Pakistan Maulana Fazalur Rehman Khalil and many other important personalities also spoke on the occasion.—Online


Swimming lowered blood pressure in sedentary over 50s OLDER adults who don’t do much exercise, and whose blood pressure is getting to the point where they may need treatment, should perhaps consider swimming as a way to help bring it back down, at least that is what a small US study of sedentary over-50-year-olds might suggest. The study was published early online in The American Journal of Cardiology earlier this month. Swimming is an ideal form of exercise for older, sedentary people because it puts little weight-bearing stress on the body and is not likely to lead to overheating. However, despite this, we know little about the effect this form of exercise has on the arteries and blood pressure, write the authors, from the University of Texas (UT) at Austin. They found that 12 weeks of swimming significantly lowered blood pressure and improved the function of arteries in a group of sedentary, unmedicated over-50s whose blood pressure was on the verge of “unhealthy” (prehypertension) or in stage 1 of hypertension. For their study, Dr Nantinee Nualnim, of UT’s Cardiovascular Aging Research Laboratory, and colleagues, recruited 43 sedentary people aged over 50 (average age of 60) who also had prehypertension or stage 1 hypertension but were not on any medication. They randomly assigned them either

to do 12 weeks of swimming or 12 weeks of gentle relaxation exercises (the controls). The researchers also took a number of measurements before, during, and at then end the 12 weeks, including measures of height, body weight, body fat, blood pressure, vascular function, blood glucose and cholesterol. Before the 12 weeks, there were no significant differences between the swimmers and the controls. Body mass, body fat (adiposity) and blood levels of glucose and cholesterol did not change in either group throughout the 12 weeks. However, they found that blood pressure (casual systolic) fell from 131 to 122 mm Hg in the swimming group (note that 120 is the “ideal” for a healthy heart, as in 120/80). There were also significant changes to vascular function, such as the “stiffness” of arteries, in the swimming group. The authors note: “Swimming exercise produced a 21% increase in carotid artery compliance. Flow-mediated dilation and cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity improved after the swim training program.” But there were no significant changes in any of the measurements in the control group. “... swimming exercise elicits hypotensive effects and improvements in vascular function in previously sedentary older adults.”

Classical evening held at RAC S TAFF REPORTER R AWALPINDI —Rawalpindi Arts Council organized a music recital performance by renowned Pride of Performance classical singers Ustad Badr-uz-Zaman and Ustad Qamar-uz-Zaman. The basic aim of holding the event was revival of classical music. Senator Najma Hameed was the chief guest on the occasion while auditorium was jam packed with the people from twin cities. Ustad Badr-uz-Zaman and Ustad Qamar-uzZaman showed outstanding performance which enthralled the audience and captured their minds and hearts. They performed difficult raags in an excellent manner which really mesmerized the audience. Raags were so fascinating that everybody lost themselves in their voices. Both the brothers are attached with the field of music from 1956.

RAWALPINDI: Nomad families seen setting their makeshift houses on a railway line near Marir Hassan. The delay in action against such encroachments creates much bigger problems for the railway authorities, already facing difficulties in running the system.

Capital to have 400 bed new hospital STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD —Pakistan Kidney Institute (PKI) has planned to establish a 400 bedded hospital for urology, nephrology and kidney transplantation with total cost of $ 107.73 in the federal capital. Talking to journalists, Chief Executive Officer PKI Dr. Saeed Akhtar said that Comsats Institute of Information Technology has donated 20 acres of land for the hospital at Chak Shahzad in the federal capital. He said that the institute will provide state of the art services to urology and nephrology patients irrespective of their financial status under the same roof.

ISESCO awards S&T 2012 prize to Dr Tasawar STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Investment in higher education in Pakistan continues to reap dividends. The Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) has decided to award “ISESCO Prize in Science and Technology 2012” to Pakistani academician, Prof. Dr Tasawar Hayat. This award is being awarded in recognition of his outstanding contributions in the field of mathematics. His name has also been in-

cluded in the list of “ISESCO Science & Technology Laureates”. The ISESCO prize would be consisted of an award of US$ 5,000 and a certificate on which major contributions of the prize winner are mentioned. The prize would be presented at a special ceremony during the 6th Session of the Islamic Conference of ministers of higher education and scientific research scheduled to be held on 20-21st November

2012 in Khartoum, Sudan. Prof. Dr Tasawar Hayat who is HEC Distinguished National Professor at the Department of Mathematics, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad termed this honour as an outcome of reforms and initiatives undertaken by HEC during last ten years in higher education sector of Pakistan which enabled the Pakistani academicians and scholars to win laurels for the country at international level.

Political parties urged to prioritize Pre-dawn showers turn weather pleasant rural women rights in manifesto STAFF REPORTER

STAFF REPORTER RAWALPINDI: Ustad Badr-uz-Zaman and Ustad Qamarus-Zaman performing at the Rawalpindi Arts Council. Ustad Badr-uz- Zaman asset of Pakistan who performs with his brother, served the music more than Ustad Qamar-uz-Zaman, half a century. carrying forward the Rawalpindi Arts CounPakistan’s own “Kasur cil always provided a qualGharana” traditions of the ity entertainment to the art of Khayal music. people of this region, and Senator Najma Hameed its services are commendexpressing her views at the able in the field of music, occasion said that both the drama, literature and fine legend singers are a great arts, she said.

ISLAMABAD—Hundreds of ruISLAMABAD—Predawn shower ral women from different parts in the federal capital and adjoining areas brought cold wave in weather of the twin cities on Sunday. Islamabad and Rawalpindi received light rain in the wee hours of Sunday followed by dust storm which turned the weather pleasant. Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) has predicted more rains in Rawalpindi, during the next 12 hours.

of the country gathered at Lok Virsa on Sunday for celebrating the International Rural Women Day, urging all the political parties to prioritize their rights in party’ manifesto. The two-day colourful function was arranged by Potohar organization for Development and Advocacy (PODA), Lok Virsa, Women Parliamentary Caucus (WPC)

and other organizations. Addressing the Int’l Rural Women Day conference, the speakers highlighted the plight of rural women who perform the 80 percent agriculture work in the rural areas but their contributions remain unrecognized and unrewarded. The speakers lamented that there is no agriculture policy at federal and provincial level in the country and demanded to formulate the agriculture policy at all the provinces with maximum in-

centives for the farmers and workers of agri-sector. They said the political parties have never paid attention toward giving any subsidy or incentive to the farmers community and called for providing technical training to the women farmers to meet the growing demands and initiating soft loan schemes. They strongly demanded the banning of that polling station during election which has less than 15 percent women voters.

People throng in large number to witness relic of past at PMNH I SLAMABAD —Skeleton of “Baluchitherium”, the Largest Land Mammal in the world, resurrected at Pakistan Museum of Natural History (PMNH) has become talk of the town, as people from twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad throng in large number to witness the relic of bygone era. This largest land mammal in the world lived in Balochistan. Baluchitherium is an extinct Rhinoceros and the largest land mammal ever lived on the earth about 30 million years ago. It is called Baluchitherium: “Baluchi” for Balochistan; “therium” for Beast.—APP

Spain celebrates National Day

Tremendous opportunities for close cooperation between Pakistan, Spain A SHRAF A NSARI I SLAMABAD —Ambassador Mr. Javier M. Carbajosa of Spain hosted a reception at his residence in Diplomatic Enclave to mark national day celebrations of his country. A large number of guests including ambassadors other diplomats and prominent people belonging to various walks of life attended the reception. Chairman senate Syed Nayyar Hussain Bukhari was the chief guest on the occasion. Several political figures were among the guests including Gohar Ayub Khan, Deputy Speaker National Assembly Abdul Karim Kundi, Salim Saifullah Khan, Senator Jehangir Badar and Anwar Baig. The residence of the ambassador reflects a mix of European and Arab heritage. The date palm trees and pool in the courtyard

ISLAMABAD: Chief guest Chairman Senate Syed Nayyar Hussain Bukhari, Ambassador of Spain Javier M Carbajosa, Deputy Speaker National Assembly Faisal Karim Kundi, Dean of Diplomatic Corps & Ambassador of Argentine Rodolfo J Martin Saravia, PPP Leader Jahangir Badar and others standing in respect of the national anthem on the occasion of the National Day of Spain.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir create a soothing view of a relations between Spain existed since 1951. The great legacy of Spain. and Pakistan have always Embassy of Spain in PakiThe ambassador said been very cordial and have stan opened its doors in

1952. The Spanish ambassadors over the years have always tried to promote political, economic and trade relations as well as cultural and academic ties between the two countries. He said there are vast possibilities of closer cooperation between Pakistan and Spain in several fields. There area historic ties between Spain and the people of Pakistan. Spain during its Arab era played unique role in promoting sciences, philosophy and human values which culminated in the advent of Renaissance in Europe that was the beginning of modern advancements throughout the world. In that way the whole world is indebted to Spain. Of several possibilities of closer cooperation between Pakistan and Spain,

there is one that could be actualized is olive production. Lately agri experts came out to observe on the basis of their research that Potohar and several other semi-hilly areas of Pakistan are highly suitable for growing of olives. Spain, the top producer in the world of olive oil can help Pakistan in promoting growing of olive orchards. Spain can also help Pakistan in promoting production of fruits and vegetables with export margins. Spain is also top exporter of fruit and vegetables in the world. Spain is of great interest to Pakistani tourists who like to visit the grand mosque of Cordova and Alhambra Palace in Grenada, the great historic land marks of Arab era of Spain.


Zohr

05:30 01:30 04:45 07:30

October 15 LECTURE on ‘Measuring Poverty in Small Areas: How Low Can You Go? Organised by the to Mark World Poverty Day, organised by the Sustainable Development Policy Institute, to be chaired by SDPI Executive Director Dr. Abid Qaiyum Suleri, speaker: Professor Stephen Haslett, Institite of Fundamental SciencesStatistics, Massey University Palmerston North, New Zealand, at SDPI, 38Embassy Road, Sector G6/3, Islamabad 3 p.m.-5 p.m. October 18 OPENING of Exhibition titled ‘Eid and Autumn Designer Collection 2012’, organised by the fashion designer ‘Zehra V’, chief guest: Islamabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry President Zafar Bakhtawari, at the ‘Zehra V’ Fashion Studio, House No. 528, Margallah Road, F-10/2, Islamabad, 10:30 a.m.-7 p.m. October 19 EXHIBITION titled ‘Eid and Autumn Designer Collection 2012’, organised by the fashion designer ‘Zehra V’, at the ‘Zehra V’, Fashion Studio, House No. 528, Margalla Road, F-10/2, Islamabad 11a.m.-7 p.m.

Fehmida calls for ensuring rural women’s rights STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Dr. Fehmida Mirza, Speaker, National Assembly has said rural women were one of the most vulnerable and marginalized segments of the society despite their significant role in the rural economy. She said that they were also subject to violence, economic exploitation and lack of basic healthcare. She said that in her message on the occasion of International Rural Women’s is commemorated throughout the globe under the auspicious of United Nations on October 15. The Speaker said that rural women comprise a major chunk of the population and play a significant role in agriculture sector rural development but their contributions were not recognized at any level. She said that with the advent of latest technology in the agriculture sector,

CDD trains 300 hospital employees STAFF REPORTER

the involvement of women had not been decreased and still has to perform extensive agriculture work and in addition to that they carry out vital functions in caring for children, older persons and in household chore. She underlined the need for officially reorganization of women participation in national economy and asked the government to devise policies for the betterment of women folk in the country and to ensure their rights. Dr. Fehmida Mirza said that women in our rural socio-cultural panorama were confined to household cores and laborious work in the fields and do not have access to education. She said that education was an inalienable right of every individual; therefore, it was imperative to educate rural women to make them able to understand and face their diverse problems. She

asked the government to allocate required funds for establishment of schools for females in the rural areas. She stressed the need for provision of shelters, livelihood and medical assistance to rural women in affected areas on priority basis. She asked the government to extend SME network to rural areas where enterprising rural women could have excess to credit facilities to make them self-sustaining and economically empowered. She also stressed the need to establish training and display centers at Tehsil level for rural women artisans so that they could get appropriate proceeds for their crafts and would also eliminate the ISLAMABAD: Women taking interest in the dresses displayed at an exhibition of dresses by ANSA Apparel at AP role of middlemen who eco- Gallerie.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir nomically exploit rural women. She called upon the Banking Sector provide loans to rural women so that they could better contribute in national development.

Amir Siddiq confesses receiving car from Malik Riaz

Allottees still await dev work in Sector E-12

I SLAMABAD —The Capital tor in 2010 but the civic auAuthority thority has failed in complyR AWALPINDI —In order to Development educate/train hospital staff on emergency preparedness, Civil Defence Department (CDD) has started training hospital staff about rescuing patients from wards and intensive care units in case of any emergency situation. In this connection, CDD team under the supervision of the district civil defence officer Taiman Raza trained around 300 staff members of District Headquarters Hospital. Moreover, staff were also trained about how to carryout rescue activities in multi-storey hospitals. It should be mentioned here that after recent fire incidents some of which were worst in the history of the country, the need to carry out such mock drills was evident.

(CDA) has failed to get acquisition of the land and initiate development work of Sector E-12, which has been spreading sense of despair among the allottees of plots in the sector. Some allottees of the sectors had died long ago and the rest of the allottees were still awaiting the possession of their plots after the development of the sector, said a group of allottees. They further told INP that government employees were given plots in the sectors around 30 years ago and majority of the employees had retired but could not get their plots. The Supreme Court had directed the CDA to take acquisition of the land and start development work in the sec-

ing with the apex court’s orders. Similarly, former Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani, during his speech on a ceremony relating to development of Sector D-12, had urged the CDA to develop Sector E-12 on priority basis, the allottees said, adding the civic authority had started many new sectors but did not complete Sector E-12 that was announced long ago. It is relevant to mention here that Sector E-12 residential unit was launched in 1970s to provide around 5,000 housing units to the citizens. Soon the land acquisition began and sale of plots was announced in 1984.—INP

November 8 ALUMNI Association National Institute of Psychology (AA-NIP) will hold Annual Alumni Dinner, 2012 on 8th November, 4:30 P.M to 10:00 P.M at Geo Physics Auditorium, QAU. For Registration please contact Irum Naqvi. 051-90644047, Irumnaqvi2006@gmail.com.

240-kg adulterated ketchup seized

Water connections for influential people R AWALPINDI —Residents of Gulistan Colony have expressed grave concerns over giving water connections to some influential people from main supply lines instead of branch lines. Talking to INP, the residents of the colony situated near Ayub Park said that 14 influential persons have water connections from main water supply lines instead of branch lines with the connivance of some MES officials. It lessened water pressure in the branch lines and other residents of the area could not get adequate water, they said, adding that some residents had also installed pumps and motors to thrust water that was illegal. The residents demanded of the station commander Rawalpindi and commander MES to take notice of the discriminatory attitude of the authorities and take strict action against the influential persons and officials involved.—INP

AIOU’s exams from today

I SLAMABAD —The Naib Khateeb of Lal Masjid Maulana Aamir Siddique has confessed that he has no degree from any Wafaq Ul Madaris which is necessary for government job and a business tycoon of the country has given him a car as gift. While addressing a press conference along with Dr. Abid Rauf Oragzai and Mufti Ameer Zaib here at National Press Club on Saturday, he said that the apex court should implement its orders with regard to Lal Masjid, adding that no General or Judge has exception to criticism. He said that he is making efforts from the platform of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) and he is also member of Milli Yakjehti Council. He demanded that a commission comprising Aitzaz Ahsan, Asma Jehangir, Ali Ahmed Kurd and Justice Tariq Mehmood should be constituted for investigations of the case against Malik Riaz Hussain and hearing of the Arsalan Iftikhar case should be conducted on the daily basis. He said that there are differences among his family members on filing the petition against the Chief Justice. It is likely that he should resign in next few days from the designation of Khateeb Lal Masjid, he said.—SANA

ISLAMABAD: Activists of Sindh Civil Society Forum protesting against Sindh Local Government Ordinance outside press club.

Police arrest 70 suspects from suburban areas of Capital STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Islamabad police Sunday arrested more than 70 suspects during a search operation in Golra, D12, Shah Allah Ditta, Shahzad town and Sihala areas of the capital. According to reports, the capital police was informed by the intelligence agencies that a number of suspected terrorists have taken shelter in these areas to carry out their activities. Acting on the report, Islamabad police launched a

search operation and arrested suspected people who could not prove their identity. Police said that in the past as well, it arrested a number of terrorists in the suburban areas of the capital and foiled various bids of terrorism. Police have advised the owner of houses not to rent their properties without proper checking and that the tenants particulars should also be provided to police station of the area. Meanwhile, in Rawalpindi, A heavy contingent of police led by SSP

Rawal division, in a search operation in Waris Khan, arrested 62 suspicious persons and shifted them to police station for investigation. Elite Force and Muhafiz Force personnel also took part in the search operation conducted in Qasimabad, Dhok Hukamdad and other areas. According to SP Chaudhry Hanif, the search operations had been started due to terror threats in the town. He further said that majority of the persons arrested were Afghan nationals.

I SLAMABAD —Examinations of Matric, ATTC/PTC/CT and B.Ed programmes of the Allama Iqbal Open University for the Semester Spring, 2012 are going to start from today (15th October, 2012), announced Muhammad Bashir Chaudhry, Controller of Exams, AIOU. He said that Roll No. slips have been dispatched to all the eligible/enrolled students at their given addresses by Postal Mail Service. Those students who have not received their Roll No slips so far are advised to contact the nearest Regional Office of the University or Superintendent Teacher Education Section, Examinations Department for issuance of Duplicate Roll No ISLAMABAD: Minister of State for Inter-provincial Coordination Malik Azmat Khan Slip.—INP inaugurating Islamabad International Science College.

3-day anti-polio vaccination campaign begins today

ISLAMABAD —Three-day na- nation teams will visit house tional polio immunization campaign would begin today (Monday). The inauguration ceremony of the campaign would be held at President House Islamabad. Besides President Asif Ali Zardari, governors of all four provinces, Prime Minister Azad Jammu and Kashmir and all secretaries would attend the ceremony. During anti-polio vaccination campaign, children aged below five years in all the four provinces and also in AJK would be vaccinated. National Polio Eradication Program spokesman said that a total of 77,168 vacci-

to house across the country to prevent them from the fatal disease. Moreover, 5,824 teams will function on the busy market places, bus stations, airports, railway stations and other busy routes and points to vaccinate children out of house on the move, he said. An additional 9,679 vaccination fixed teams will also work in the health facilities and clinics. Vaccination teams will be supervised by a total of 16,750 area supervisors and 3,159 union council in-charges and medical officers.

Operation against buildings sans fire safety equipment STAFF REPORTER R AWALPINDI —On the special directives of Commissioner Rawalpindi, a grand operation would be started today (Monday) against industrial units, high rise buildings, transports terminals, banks, CNG and petrol filling stations for failing to ensure installation of close circuit cameras, emergency exits and other fire safety equipments following the expiry of deadline of notices served to these units in this connection. The city district government in a bid to implement adequate fire safety measures, served notices of seven days to the owners of these units in the first stage and then of five days. The twice extended deadline concluded on 13 October thus

the city district administration has decided to launch grand operation in this regard. Special teams have also been formed to carryout the operation against owners, who failed to follow the instructions of city district government in case of fire incidents which could cause colossal life and property loss. The teams would inspect arrangements made by the owners of these units and they would be booked and challaned for not complying with city district government instructions so as to minimise losses during fire incidents. The operation would be started in all the four districts of the division Rawalpindi, Chakwal, Jehlum and Attock from October 15 upon the special directives of the Commissioner Rawalpindi.

Nasirabad and Jaffarabad districts are seriously affected by flood and situation is under review for implementation of National Immunization Days, he informed. World Health Organization and United Nations Children Fund provincial, district and union council level staff will assist National Immunization Days implementation, he said. It should be mentioned that there was a ban on vaccination in North and South Waziristan tribal agencies after the June vaccination round, depriving more than 200,000 children of polio vaccination.—INP

Five SC benches formed to hear cases this week ISLAMABAD—Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry has formed five benches to hear important cases during the week beginning today. According to details, Bench No.1 comprising CJ Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry, Justice Jawwad S Khawaja and Justice Khilji Arif Hussain would hear (Retd) Air Marshal Asghar Khan’s case regarding distribution of money among politicians by the ISI. It will also hear ephedrine quota case, ISAF containers and NAB report on Ogra. Another bench comprising Justice Jawwad S Khawaja and Justice Khilji Arif Hussain would hear the petition of Hamid Mir about misuse of funds of Ministry of Information. —INP

R AWALPINDI —Officials of Health Department of Punjab, on the directives District Coordination Officer (DCO), Rawalpindi, Saqib Zafar, has sealed a ketchup factory in Dhok Elahi Bux in its operation against the makers of unhygienic foods. The Health Department launched the operation on the complaint of the residents regarding the factories, which are making and packing substandard food items. An team of the department, comprising DHO, Dr Ansar Ishaq and some food inspectors, led by EDO Health, Dr Zafar Iqbal raided a factory of ketchup in Mohallah Fazalabad in Dhok Hassu and seized 240 kilograms of stale and unhygienic ketchup, besides recovering hundreds kilograms of substandard raw material. They sealed the factory and dumped the confiscated material.—INP RAWALPINDI: Development work on 6th road flyover is underway.

Literacy, financial assistance to alleviate poverty STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —To support the needy families who are unable to provide quality education to their children because of limited resources and poverty, Begum Mehmooda Welfare Trust (BMWT) is running an ‘Education Support Program’. Under this program, BMWT ensures providing quality education to the children of rural areas of the federal capital. The trust provides school uniforms, bags, stationery and bears all the educational fees of more than 100 students. The trust paid school

fee and distributed school bags, books and stationery to the students newly enrolled student in affiliated schools in Barakahu village in Islamabad. The trust has also donated Computer Labs to two private schools of the area to ensure computer education mandatory in their syllabus. With the help of Begum Mehmooda Welfare Trust, we provide computer education to the students of all levels. Education through computers develops students interest in getting education and understanding of concepts, said Raees Khan Principal, Hira Public School while

addressing the participants. Along with other syllabus, the addition of computer education is appreciative by these schools which have changed the mind-set of children towards education, said Aurangzed Khan, a parent. Hina Fysal, Chief Executive and Co-Founder, Begum Mehmooda Welfare Trust has announced that, the trust is in process to start its chain of schools in neglected areas to provide quality education to the children to promote level of literacy in the county. The trust has also launched team survey to expand its Education Support Program which aimed quality

education. Both of the schools provides best education to the students through qualified teachers which encouraged BMWT to start Computer Labs and financially support the students to get education, she added. At present, the trust is working on five major programs such as health improvement and medical, education, food, wedding composition and income support program in Harripur, Sangra, Desra valley of KPK and in some urban parts of Islamabad. To-date, the trust has changed the lives of more than 500 families.


KEA to take up AFSPA revocation with Shinde S RINAGAR — Kashmir Economic Alliance (KEA)–an amalgam of traders, transporters and others has said that it would take up the matter of revocation of Armed Forces Special Power Act (ASPFA) and immediate release of prisoners languishing in different jails in the state with the Union Home Minister, Sushil Kumar Shinde, who is in the Held Valley of Kashmir on a 3-day tour. The KEA President Muhammad Yaseen Khan said, “Union Government in 2010 had assured us that that draconian laws and acts including AFSPA and Disturbed Area Act would be revoked. At that time we had urged then Union Home Minster (P Chidambaram) to release all youth arrested during the unrest. But still some of them are languishing in different jails.” Expressing dismay over state government slapping PSA on minors, Khan said, “We denounce the slapping of PSA on minors. The state government should immediately release the youth and other prisoners who have served their term,” Khan said. Siraj Ahmad, General Secretary, KEA demanded that Union Home Minster should take concrete action regarding revocation of AFSPA from places where situation had improved. He said that KEA believes that Kashmir issue is the biggest impediment for the economic growth of the state. “Till K-issue is not resolved Kashmir will always lag behind in economic growth,” he added.— NNI

Kashmiris to get rid of Indian yoke soon: Al-Moosvi SRINAGAR—Senior leader of the All Parties Hurriyet Conference, Agha Syed Hassan AlMoosvi has said that the Kashmiris have been offering unparalleled sacrifices for securing their inalienable right to self-determination and the day is not far away when they will get rid of Indian yoke. Agha Syed Hassan AlMoosvi addressing a meeting of notables in Peeru area of Bandipore said that India and its puppets in the occupied territory were using different tactics to suppress the Kashmiris’ ongoing liberation movement but they would never succeed in their designs. He appealed to the international community to break its silence and impress upon New Delhi to resolve the Kashmir dispute in accordance with the aspirations of the people of Jammu and Kashmir. On the other hand, the veteran Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Gilani, in a media interview in Srinagar maintained that Indian state terrorism during the past several decades could not intimidate the Kashmiri people into submission. He expressed serious concern over the ill treatment meted out to the illegally detained Kashmiri youth in jails. A large number of government employees protested at the Press Enclave in Srinagar against the anti-people policies of the puppet administration. Indian police arrested many of the protesting employees when they tried to march towards Lal Chowk. The Amnesty International in a statement issued in New Delhi condemned the puppet administration of occupied Kashmir for continuing to use the draconian law, Public Safety Act, to detain people without charge or trial in violation of their human rights. It deplored that the authorities often kept persons in detention even after the detentions had been quashed by the High Court of the territory. Ananth Guruswamy, Director Amnesty International India, in a statement demanded repeal of the PSA terming its against the international human rights law.—Online

Mirwaiz condemns ‘atrocities’ against Kashmiris outside state SRINAGAR—Expressing seri- Kashmir, should understand of inventing measures to inflict ous concern over the harassment of Kashmiri students, traders and workers in different cities and towns of India allegedly at the hands of communal forces and security agencies, Hurriyat Conference (M) Chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq has condemned the ill treatment meted out to them. “They are being implicated in false and fabricated cases. Many of them have even been exonerated by the courts in different parts of India,” Mirwaiz said in a statement issued here. He said the Indian authorities, who have been promising a bright future to Kashmiri youth during their visits to

atrocities on the people by using such tactics. “Climate of Kashmir demands that people have sufficient energy sources to fight the harsh winter and the government, rather than giving lip service should fulfilling their promises with the people that they made during their election campaigns,” he said. Mirwaiz said a Dawati program will be held at Chrar on October 19. He said light would be thrown on the life and teachings of the Sheikh-ulAlam on the occasion. Mirwaiz announced that Eid ul Azuha prayers would be offered at 11 am at Eidgah in Srinagar as per past practice.—NNI

HC reserves order in Masrat Alam detention case SRINAGAR—The High Court has reserved orders on a petition filed by Masrat Alam Bhat the Muslim League Chairman, seeking quashment of his detention order. Justice Virender Singh who heard the matter has reserved the order. Bhat was represented by Mian Abdul Qayoom before the court. It is the 5th detention order against Bhat which he has challenged in the court. The Muslim League chairman was arrested on October 18, 2010, in connection with his alleged role in the summer unrest after remaining underground for several months. On June 10, the High Court had quashed the detention order against Bhat who heads the separatist political party Muslim League.

Earlier on May 31, the Court had reserved its order in a writ petition filed by Bhat seeking quashment of his detention under Public Safety Act. Notably, Bhat who spearheaded the “Quit Kashmir Movement” in 2010 was arrested by police during a raid near Tailbal on city outskirts on October 18 last year. After thorough interrogation by police for several days, Bhat was booked under PSA and lodged in Jammu Jail. Bhat who is also general secretary of Hurriyat Conference (G) was arrested during a raid in Tailbal area but released in June 2010. Soon after his release he announced the ongoing “Quit Kashmir Movement.” Later police hunted for him for around four months and had reportedly announced Rs

10-lakh reward for information leading to Bhat’s arrest. A close associate of Hurriyat (G) chairman Syed Ali Shah Geelani, Bhat was earlier arrested in 2008 during the Amarnath land row. After moving to court, his lawyer Mian Abdul Qayoom, filed a petition seeking quashment of the detention order against his client. The court had later directed the government to produce record pertaining to the grounds of detention under which the senior separatist leader was arrested. On February 14, this year the High Court had issued notice to state government, directing it to file objections within two-weeks to a writ petition filed by the Muslim League chairman against his detention under Public Safety Act.—NNI

MUZAFFARABAD: A large number of people holding flags at Kashmir Conference organized by Difa-e-Pakistan Council.

Resolve K-issue through tripartite talks: Zafar S RINAGAR — APHC leader and the Chairman of Jammu and Kashmir Salvation Movement (JKSM), Zafar Akbar Bhat has urged India to create an atmosphere conducive for resolving the long-pending Kashmir dispute through tripartite talks involving Pakistan, India and the true leadership of the Kashmiris. Zafar Akbar Bhat, addressing a gathering in Lalpora Beerwah area in Budgam demanding India to withdraw its troops and revoke “draconian laws” like Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) and Public Safety Act, to create conducive environment. He said the resolution of Kashmir dispute is vital to peace and stability in the South Asian region. He said that the real Kashmiri leadership should also be taken into confidence before initiating the dialogue process between Pakistan and India as it is a recognized disputed territory and yet to be resolved in accordance with the UN resolutions.–NNI

4 killed in road accident in Kupwara S RINAGAR — In occupied

RAWALAKOT: Students appearing in the entry test for admission in medical colleges in Azad Kashmir.

No Public Service Commission in AJK for selection on merit ISLAMABAD—Instead of the fact of having Legislative Assembly, Supreme Court, High Court and Election Commission there is no institution present in Azad Jammu and Kashmir which could give jobs to people on merit. The whole system of Azad Jammu and Kashimr Public Service Commission was suspended when Chairman of the Commission Sardar Latif and six members of the commission had completed their tenure of three years of service on 16th June 2012; meanwhile the government instead of passage of five months has not appointed the chairman and members of the commission. At preset the sitting government is distributing all the Gazetted posts to its workers on the bases of ad-hoc basis; meanwhile the Information Minister AJK Bazil Naqvi has claimed to resolve the issue during the

NILOOFAR QURESHI

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their responsibility toward ensuring their security and human rights. He also called upon the human rights organizations and the intelligentsia to come to help the Kashmiri youth by ensuring justice and equality to them. Expressing dismay over non-availability of basic amenities to Kashmiri people, Mirwaiz said: “We have been suffering since 1947 in an atmosphere of insecurity and uncertainty and now we are being deprived of basic amenities like water and electricity. The latest atrocity being inflicted upon us is the shortage of cooking gas.” He accused the government

hey are consummate traders who deal in a host of merchandise with the tenacity and commitment that perhaps has no other parallel in the world. But they are also traders of a different type- they deal in all forms of merchandise, the actual as well as the abstract. And while they are the best of friends while trading one set of commodities, they becoming bitter enemies while trading another. Yet the beauty of this commercial arrangement is that despite this ‘love and hate’ relationship, both continue trading and it is this which make them truly unique partners! These strange trading partners go by the name of India and Pakistan and both follow a common philosophy that, ‘come what may, trade we mustso trade we will’! On the commercial front, goods are being traded on a war footing with each side bestowing the status of ‘Most Favoured Nation’ (MFN) on the other. On the Line of Control (LoC), the armies of both countries remain

next 10 days. He said that the work is in progress and appointments would be made soon. According to the details the PPP government which was installed in July 2011 has made appointments during the past five months on the ad hoc bases on 30 percent Gazetted posts in 20 ministries; meanwhile the whole system of Public Service Commission has been suspended from the past five months. A semi independent State which has Supreme Court, High Court Legislative Assembly consisting on 49 members is facing deteriorating situation for the appointments on Gazetted posts in absence of any proper institution. The state consisting on 4.5 million people is consisting on 10 districts and has a large number of bureaucracy and employees and has 20 ministries, institutions, 24 ministers, advisors are working.

The PPP government after taking power in 2011 continued the services of the chairman commission Sardar Latif and other members. The commission headed by Sardar Latif and consisting on members of Raja Abdur Rauf, Dr Mushtaq, Dr Manzoor, Professor Ibrahim, Begum Tanvir Latif, and Arif Khtaria continued the work of appointments on high posts till 16th June 2012. According to the sources till the 16th June such situation was developed in which the government was appointing its workers on permanent posts without sending the cases to Public Service Commission. This situation was continued from the previous government because the ruling party instead of putting its workers on the hard task of passing through the Public Service Commission made appointments on ad hoc basis. —SANA

Kashmir, four persons have died in a road accident in Kupwara district. The incident occurred when a car rolled down in Khoni Nala near Kralora in the district resulting in the death of four persons including three of the same family.—Online

Sami: U-turn on Kashmir intolerable

PSA violates human rights law: Amnesty SRINAGAR—Amnesty International has said infamous J&K Public Safety Act (PSA) violates international human rights law and sought repeal of the law and release of detainees booked under the act. Amnesty International released the briefing, “PSA still a lawless law,” today. “It shows that despite legal and policy developments in the region, J&K authorities still use the PSA to facilitate a range of rights-violating behavior.” In 2011, Amnesty released a report documenting how PSA violates human rights. “Not much appears to have changed in 2012,” said Ananth Guruswamy, Director, Amnesty International India. He said PSA provides for arbitrary detention, in violation of the right to liberty which India is obliged to respect under international hu-

man rights treaties. “Further violations facilitated by the PSA include ‘revolving door detentions’, ill treatment in detention, the denial of medical care to detainees, and lack of reparations for victims. Amnesty International also found that PSA detention orders were still being used against children despite it now being prohibited”. Ananth said authorities in J&K continue to use PSA to circumvent the rule of law and the criminal justice system. “They resort to PSA detentions instead of charging and trying persons suspected of offences in court. J&K authorities often keep persons in detention even after the detentions have been quashed by the High Court”. He said J&K’s police chief has acknowledged that around 15,600 people were de-

Delhi creating woes for Kashmiris under well thought-out plan: Geelani SRINAGAR—Waking up to the gas crisis being faced by people in Jammu Kashmir, the Hurriyat Conference (G) Chairman Syed Ali Shah Geelani has said that multiple problems were being “created for the people of state under a well thought-out plan to trap them in the life of miseries, dependence and deprivation.” Taking to media persons at his Hyderpora residence ahead of being detained by police, Geelani said: “Today it is gas crisis, tomorrow it will be food crisis. By using such imperialistic tactics New Delhi wants to force the people of Jammu and Kashmir to surrender before its power and military might. This all is done to make people to abdicate their demand for right

of self-determination. This is a part of New Delhi’s newly formulated long term policy on Kashmir.” Geelani exhorted the ‘freedom-loving’ people of the state to take measures to “become self-sufficient and self-reliant on every front and take recourse to local resources.” Reacting sharply to the remarks of a senior army officer that he (Geelani) was creating disturbance in Jammu Kashmir, Geelani termed it as “ridiculous”. “It is a wishful thinking of New Delhi that the Kashmir freedom movement will become weaker after Geelani,” he said, adding that the “resistance movement will continue against New Delhi’s control of Jammu Kashmir.”

Meanwhile, the amalgam has strongly condemned the arrest its chairman Syed Ali Shah Geelani along with his associate Dr Ghulam Muhammad Ganai by police outside his Hyderpora residence here. The duo, according to a Hurriyat statement, has been lodged in police station Humhama. “Police has been continuously stopping Geelani from offering Friday prayers since April 6, 2012,” said the spokesman, adding that it is the 47th Friday in succession when Geelani has been prevented from offering his Friday prayers. The spokesman appealed to the human rights organizations to take cognizance of the ‘continuous arrest’ of the resistance leader.—NNI

MUZAFFARABAD—Chairman of Difa-e-Pakistan Council, Maulana Sami-ul-Haq has said they will not let rulers’ policy of U-turn on Kashmir issue come up successful. Addressing a press conference here on Sunday, Maulana Sami-ul-Haq said ignorance to the Kashmir dispute is intolerable. Developments on Pak-India relations would lead to ruin if the bone of contention, Kashmir issue is not resolved, he maintained.He noted that he came to Muzaffarabad for expressing solidarity with the Kashmiri people. The wrong decisions of Pervez Ashraf have led to failure regarding Kashmir problem, he observed. About the possible operation in Waziristan, he said it would lead to chaos in whole of the country. He also denounced attack on Malala Yousafzai, adding that those who did not speak against the blasphemous movie are speak- MUZAFFARABAD: A shopkeeper selling walnuts and dry-fruits which are in high deing loud on murderous attempt mand in winter season. on Malala.—Online

Traders of Kashmir equally busy in the trade of exchanging fire while on the diplomatic front too the two nations work overtime and keep busy trading something entirely different - accusations and charges at the UN! Such an elaborate and comprehensive trade arrangement between the two countries holds immense promise of revolutionising commercial enterprises all over the world as it places trade above morality and ethics. And it is this unholy philosophy that opens the floodgates of possibilities for the unscrupulous. For example, America could follow the Indo Pak model by granting MNF status to Iran, importing oil from it and then using the same to fuel its fighter aircraft and drones, bomb Tehran. Iran too could use the millions of dollars it receives for the oil sold to America to hire terrorist groups or mercenaries to bomb the US. Wouldn’t this be a ‘win win’ proposal for both

tained under the PSA without charge or trial in last two decades. “Detainees include political leaders and activists, suspected members or supporters of armed opposition groups, lawyers, journalists and protesters, including children.” In recent months, UN officials have visited Srinagar and have recommended that the PSA be repealed. While Indian authorities have the right and duty to defend and protect their population from violence, this must be done while respecting the human rights of all concerned and abiding by international law. “The PSA violates international human rights law and must be repealed. All PSA detainees must be charged and prosecuted through a fair trial in a court of law or else released,” added Ananth.—NNI

sides? Returning to the Indo Pak trading matrix one finds that even in their hostile diplomatic exchange of trading charges, there is an inbuilt safety mechanism to ensure that parity exists. While India stakes claim to the entire territory of the erstwhile kingdom of J&K, it takes due care not to express any solidarity with the people of this region, which by virtue of New Delhi’s claim are Indian citizens. And Islamabad’s stance too is curious - while it considers Indian presence in J&K ‘illegal’, pledges whole hearted ‘political, diplomatic and moral support’ to its people and calls for the implementation of the UN resolutions, by failing to move any resolution on the same, it falls woefully short of its stated position on Kashmir! We have been given to understand that India and Pakistan are moving forward on the issue of

resolving the Kashmir issue. In March this year, while addressing the joint Parliament session on the first day of the budget session, President Pratibha Patil had declared that “We are committed to resolving all outstanding issues with Pakistan through dialogue.” As per Pak media reports, President Zardari too has told Mirwaiz Umar Farooq that “Pakistan believes that result-oriented, uninterrupted dialogue process with India will greatly help create a conducive environment to find permanent solution of the Kashmir dispute in accordance with the aspirations of the people of Kashmir.” But all this was before the two countries decided to trade vitriolic exchanges on Kashmir at the UN. However, those who are apprehensive that this spat may derail the ongoing bonhomie between the two countries, need not despair. The Indian

Home Minister, currently on a visit to J&K has made two important observations- the first, that militants continue to cross the fencing put up by India and secondly, that the Government of India is determined to promote cross LoC trade. These statements have once again reinforced the invincibility of the ‘blow hot –blow cold’ Indo Pak relations. So, the stark reality is that commerce has now become the ‘core issue’ between India and Pakistan and thus, despite their conflicting views on the Kashmir issue, it is and will remain, ‘business as usual’ between the two. It is quite evident as to why New Delhi is behaving the way it is. But what does defy explanation is Pakistan’s ‘flip-flop’ on the Kashmir issue. Pakistan wants us to know that it has not forsaken the Kashmir issue but it has also conveyed that its resolution can wait till a ‘conducive environment’ emerges. Does Islamabad lack the will, or is it merely taking the people of J&K for granted.—Kashmir Observer


Tajikistan to sell less sugar due to storming weather season I SLAMABAD —While citing unfavorable weather season for import of sugar, the government of Tajikistan is mulling over to sell less than of 30,000 tons sugar in first phase, say sources. According to sources Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) had already inked between both countries for the sale of 30,000 tons refined sugar at $528.25 per ton to Tajikistan but now the government of Tajikistan was considering to sale 5,000 tons sugar in first phase because of its storming weather season which may blocked the roads between both countries. “The remaining quantity of 25,000 sugar is likely to purchase by Tajikistan once stormy weather ended,” the sources said, adding that Pakistan has already finalized its all arrangements for the export of 30,000 sugar

Ex-LCCI SVP offers free hepatitis treatment to inmates STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Outgoing Senior Vice President Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry Meher Kashif Younis Sunday offered free treatment to hepatitis inmates in camp jail and central jail, Kot Lakhpat. Jail sources told media here Sunday that he made this announcement during his visit to camp jail. Deputy Inspector General of Prisons Hq Mian Salik Jalal and Superintendent Camp Jail Ejaz Asghar were also present. Meher Kahif visited jail hospital, kitchen, stores and different barracks.He highly appreciated the best quality of food being served to inmates with good-baked breads on roti plants which he observed was thousands of times better than outside hotels while inmates have also direct access to filter water for drinking. He was impressed with the prevailing hygienic conditions in and around the kitchen besides free medical treatment to ailing inmates within jail premises. Meher said that it was his first visit to any jail and his views about the plight in jail had altogether changed.

Xinjiang sets world record for cotton production U RUMQI —Chinese scientists have set a world record by harvesting 12,575 kg of seed cotton on a single hectare of land in northwest China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, data released Sunday showed. The output, 838.31 kg per mu (0.067 hectares), has surpassed the former world record by over 100 kg per mu, said Li Xueyuan, deputy director of the Cash Crop Research Institute under the Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences. The record was achieved on an experimental field in the Tarim Basin in southern Xinjiang through the use of new varieties of cotton and quantitative management methods, Li said. Xinjiang, the largest cotton producer in China, is expected to reach 3.2 million tonnes in cotton output for 2012 on an area of 24.7 million mu, accounting for half of the national yield.—NNI

Shipping activity at PQ K ARACHI —Two Ships arrived at Port Qasim carrying furnace oil at FOTCO, MEG at MW-1 on Saturday. Berth occupancy was maintained at 50% at the Port Qasim on Saturday where a total of seven Ships namely M.V Thrgau, M.V Ocean Star, M.T Stolt Stream, M.T IVY Global Aker, M.T Vermilion Energy, M.V Ana Dorothea are currently occupying berths to load/offload cement, wheat, palm oil, fertilizer, phos, acid, furnace oil, MEG was handled at Port Qasim last 24 hours. Cargo handling operations were carried out smoothly at the Port Qasim where a cargo volume 57985 tonnes comprising 55840 tonnes import, 2145 tonnes export was handled at the Port during last 24 hours.—APP

India to see 242,000 millionaires by 2017

N EW D ELHI —India is expected to see a substantial jump in the number of millionand for the purpose draft of modity price at $617.9 per ton aires in the next five years as commercial agreement had in the global market, accord- the total tally for the super already sent to Tajikistan ing to official documents. rich in the country is likely to which is yet to be received. The agreed rate is also be- touch 242,000 by 2017, a reThe Economic Coordina- low the price in the domestic port said on Sunday. According to a Credit tion Committee (ECC) of the market, which is $535.5 per cabinet has already allowed ton. This year, the country Suisse Research Institute’s the sale at a price lower than has surplus sugar and stocks Global Wealth Report, the numthe international market. stand at 3.1 million tons, of ber of millionaires in the counTajikistan had approached which 332,057 tons are with try in 2012 stands at 158,000, Pakistan with a request to the Trading Corporation of which is likely to swell to 242,000 by the year 2017, regisprovide 30,000 tons of white Pakistan (TCP). refined sugar at cheaper rates The government hopes tering an increase of 53 per cent. on humanitarian grounds. that the stocks will be suffi- The report also highlighted the After negotiations, both cient to meet demand until stark inequality in the country sides agreed the rate of April 2013.The Ministry of as almost everyone in India (95 $528.25 per ton, $20 below Commerce pointed out that per cent) has wealth below $ the price on August 13 2012 the price concession had 10,000 (about Rs. 5,30,000), TOKYO: Federal Minister for Finance Dr Abdul Hafeez Shaikh meeting with David Lipton and Ms Nemat Shafik, in the international commodi- been given in the wake of while at the other end a very Deputy Managing Directors, IMF, at the margins of 2012 annual meeting of IMF and World Bank. ties market and at the same humanitarian crisis faced by small proportion of the populaday the sugar price in the the people of Tajikistan. tion (just 0.3 per cent)has a net world market was at $548.25 Sugar will be exported to worth over $100,000.“While per ton. Tajikistan against 100 per wealth has been rising However, the ECC had cent secured cash letter of strongly in India, and the taken the decision on sale at credit that the central Asian ranks of the middle class and $20 per ton below the inter- state will open through a wealthy have been swelling, national market based on a first-class internationally not everyone has shared in summary that put the com- recognised bank.—Online this growth.—Online B EIJING —Pakistan welcomes enhanced cooperation between China and only depend on private equivalent to 14.1 million South Asia as it believes that I SLAMABAD —The reconstisector’s data. bales (170 kg). tuting of Pakistan Central a stronger and deeper enWhen in this regard conDr Khaild Abdullah said gagement with China will Cotton Committee (PCCC) tacted Cotton Commissioner that the report apparently will lead the country to a bias bode well for the region’s Ministry of Textile Industry was not based on any aueconomic development, and unauthentic data as pri- Dr Khaild Abdullah, he said thentic source or data. Such I SLAMABAD —Against a policy footing to get growth veillance toolkit. vate sector could be manipupeace and stability, said Managing Director Christhat after the defunct Federal premature projections may backdrop of slowing global started as well as fiscal conPakistan’s acting Ambassa- lated cotton date according to growth and a renewed loss solidation,” Singapore Fi- tine Lagarde spoke of the dor to China here. its own wish, said an official. Committee on Agriculture damage the cotton market, of confidence, the Interna- nance Minister Tharman strong commitment to policy The official said the re- (FCA) of the devolved Min- shake investor’s confidence “China is a major force in tional Monetary Fund (IMF) Shanmugaratnam said at the implementation that marked international relations today. cently re-constituted Paki- istry of Food and Agriculture, create bias estimates of glois urging policymakers to closing press conference of the IMFC deliberations and It is the second largest stan Central Cotton the targets of any crop com- bal cotton stocks. Ministry implement policies agreed in the u International Monetary focused on the willingness of economy of the world and Committee’s powers have modity could not officially of Textile Industry can not recent months as part of ef- and Financial Committee the membership to undertake despite the Chinese tradi- been given to private sector fixed; rather provinces use endorse such reports. credible medium-term fiscal According to notificaforts to rekindle growth and (IMFC). which may manipulate cot- their last year’s achievements Tharman said the mem- consolidation. “There is a tional modesty, the fact is that ton date according to its own as target of the next year. tion, Shahzad Khan from All spur job creation. no major international deciHe said that a report pub- Pakistan Textile Mills AssoAt the Annual Meetings bership has achieved clarity very strong commitment to sion can be taken without the interests because the govon the important tasks at policy implementation-a glolished in April this year, by ciation (APTMA) would in Tokyo, the IMF’s policy ernment will become helpless concurrence of China,” said steering committee called on hand, including addressing bal policy agenda has been Charge d’ Affaires, Zahoor to fix unbiased cotton pro- Global Agriculture Informa- head day to day affairs of its members to act decisively the medium- and longer-term approved and it sets out what Ahmed. duction target and release tion Network (GAIN) pro- PCCC as Vice President; five jected Pakistan’s cotton pro- more APTMA members will to break negative feedback challenges of achieving fis- the membership has agreed In his Keynote address at authentic date of it. loops and restore the global cal sustainability and struc- to do,” she said. The official said after the duction for the year 2012-13 be in committee representing the 2012 Annual Conference The eurozone remains at as 10 per cent increase in area each province, three memeconomy to a path of strong, tural reforms, and determinof Chinese Association for reconstituting of Cotton sustainable, and balanced ing over the short run the the epicenter of the crisis, with South Asian Studies in Body the government’s role and production. The author bers each from Farmers Aspolicies essential to support- real GDP projected to decline forecasted the Pakistan’s cot- sociate Pakistan, Pakistan growth. Shanghai Saturday evening has almost ended to fix cot“IMFC members all ing growth. He also said that this year. But uncertainty about he said that today, the im- ton production target and to ton cultivation on 3.3 million Cotton Ginners Association agreed we are in better posi- the IMF is better equipped whether the United States will pression that China is a true present unbiased cotton and production as 11 million and Karachi Cotton Association today than we were six to address the challenges of be able to resolve the so-called and reliable friend of Paki- date as the government will bales (480 lbs per bale) tion.—Online months ago. We are in a bet- the globalized economy be- fiscal cliff is also sapping con- stan is deeply etched in the ter position with regard to the cause of its revamped sur- fidence.—Online collective memory of the people of Pakistan. Likewise, the Chinese people consider Pakistan a true and sincere friend. The young Chinese on the internet have coined a special term for Pakistani TEHRAN—Iran’s OPEC Gov- tion is stable.” halt its nuclear enrichment friends- batie, he said, add- ernor Khatibi denied that Iran’s program, which Western Mohammad-Ali ing that over the years Khatibi said the oil exports oil buyers are limited to few countries suspect could be many terms have been used of the Islamic republic have countries, saying that “we are used to develop nuclear to describe this relation- remained steady in recent always exploring new markets weapons. ship— an all-weather months, Tehran Times daily but we don’t publicize them The United States and friendship, higher than reported Sunday. much because it may be detri- European Union have imHimalayas, deeper than The International Energy mental,” according to the posed and expanded sancoceans, sweeter than Agency (IEA) said Friday in daily. Khatibi, who is also the tions of their own over the honey, stronger than steel. a report that Iran’s oil exports director of the National Iranian years despite Tehran’s insisAll these highlight the fell to 860,000 barrels per day Oil Company, said Iran’s oil tence on the peaceful nature value attached to these rela- (bpd) in September. The fig- exports are at their normal of its nuclear program. tions by both sides, he said. ure was 2.2 million bpd in level and are unaffected by The EU imposed an oil Interaction between the December 2011. Western embargoes. embargo on Tehran on July two countries at the highest The UN Security Council 1, and is mulling over another Dismissing the IEA relevel is a hallmark of our port, Khatibi said, “Iran’s oil imposed four rounds of sanc- round of sanctions on Iran’s friendship, he said, adding exports are the same as pre- tions on Iran between 2006 natural gas exports to the LAHORE: Industrialists looking the working of textile machines during 7th Interna- that 16 high level visits of vious months and the situa- and 2010 over its refusal to block.—NNI tional Garments Textile and Leather Mats Accessories Exhibition held at Lahore Expo Pakistani leadership to China, during the last four Centre. years, bear testimony to our commitment to nurturing this friendship. He pointed out that Paki- A B U D HABI —The UAE gion, the strong growth in Arabia, Bahrain and Qatar stani politics is full of diverse records a significant growth the UAE’s projects indus- remained relatively steady. S EATTLE —Microsoft Corp own stores, Amazon.com, Windows 8. Overall, the Gulf Projects Microsoft also said PC opinions. But all political par- in value of projects, showing try was attributed to the reopened its Windows 8 oper- Best Buy, Staples and elseating system for pre-orders where. Microsoft has not yet makers such as Acer, ties value and respect around one per cent increase vival of three projects Index is up five per cent comon Friday, setting the price announced the price of the Asustek, Dell, HP, Samsung Pakistan’s friendship with to $545 billion in the third worth $960 million, and the pared to the same period in 2011. launch of three new Saudi Arabia remains the quarter. for an upgrade to the full ver- full software to install from and Sony were also now tak- China. In December 2010, when The country along with projects worth a combined region’s fastest growing sion of the software at $70 scratch, as opposed to the ing pre-orders for machines projects market, reporting a upgrade. The current price with Windows 8 pre-in- Premier Wen Jiabao visited Kuwait also helps increase $230 million. for a DVD pack. Elsewhere in the region, 27.7 per cent year-on-year Pakistan, he addressed the the GCC projects market inUsers can also wait for for a comparable version of stalled. recorded the growth. The world’s largest soft- joint session of parliament. It dex by 0.2 per cent to $2.49 Kuwait launch on Oct. 26 to down- Windows 7 is $200. Any customer who ware company did not men- was a sign of our love for trillion as of the third quarter region’s biggest rise in the “The growth of the projects load the system onto their computers for $40, an offer buys, or already bought, a tion its own Surface tablet China and respect for its lead- of 2012, says a report on Sat- value of its projects sector, industry in the GCC continincreasing 1.4 per cent to ues to have an impact on the price that will expire at the Windows 7 PC between PC, which is expected on the ership that all members of urday. According to MEED’s $185.9 billion. Oman contin- overall development of the end of January. PCs running June 2 and the end of Janu- market at the same time as parliament, both from treaand opposition Gulf Projects Index, a com- ues its growth trend, with region,” said Edmund Windows XP, Vista and Win- ary 2013 will be able to get Windows 8. Microsoft has sury benches, attended the ses- prehensive and up-to-date the value of its projects O’Sullivan, chairman of the an upgrade to Windows 8 not revealed the price of the dows 7 will be able to upPro for $15, a move designed product it hopes will chal- sion and gave standing ap- tracking system of projects sector rising 12 per cent judging panel of the 2013 grade to Windows 8. Shoppers can reserve the to prevent a drop-off in PC lenge Apple Inc’s iPad.— plause to the Chinese leader, that are either underway or compared with the same MEED Quality Awards for he said.—APP planned throughout the re- period in 2011; while Saudi Projects.—Agencies software pack at Microsoft’s sales before the launch of Agencies

Pakistan lauds enhanced cooperation between China, S Asia

Implement agreed policies to restore confidence: IMF

Reconstituting of PCCC

Cotton date to be manipulated by private sector

No fall in Iran’s oil exports: OPEC governor

UAE projects value hits $545b

Microsoft sets Windows 8 price

KESC to provide free electricity to social welfare institutions ECONOMIC CORRESPONDENT K ARACHI —Ever

since KESC’s present management has taken over, we have seen our role as going much beyond that of just supplying electricity to over 20 million people of Karachi. The aim has been to develop and execute a 360 degree value creation model that guides us in defining our role in a much broader context. It is our belief that KESC’s own turnaround and sustainability is fundamentally linked to the economic, social and environmental values that we create for the diverse set of stakeholders whom we serve and engage on a daily basis. We call this model, KESC’s SEEDS – that is, ‘KESC’s Stakeholder Engagement and Enrichment

Drive for Sustainability’. SEEDS is a holistic approach, that fully recognizes the impact of our performance in sustainable development, across our stakeholders’ universe. SEEDS essentially drives four distinct programs; 1) ESG Initiatives 2) Social Investments 3) Stakeholder Engagement and 4) Thought Leadership. In the same spirit, we have engaged our ‘Social Investment Program’ (SIP), which aims at investing our resources, including time, into sustainable projects that can change the social and economic landscape of our city. As part of this Social Investment Program (SIP), Karachi Electric Supply Company has launched a unique “Empowerment Program” to provide relief to social welfare organizations in health and education sectors. To qualify for the Empow-

erment Program, the institution would need to be a charitable organization, operating in the public welfare domain in the health or education sector located and operative within the limits of KESC’s distribution territory. It must be an independently registered NGO (non-governmental organization) with declared Articles and Memorandum of Association, whose accessibility of operations must be open to general public without any specific community focus or restriction. The qualifying entity must be providing at least 70 per cent of its services to deserving individuals free of cost or at minimal charges, acceptable to KESC. In general, the entity must be a nonprofit institution, totally nonpolitical and non-government institution, and not associated or linked to any business house. Magnitude of operations of such entity

would need to be relatively large, having direct annual impact on a minimum of 5,000 individuals belonging to underprivileged segments of the society. Such institutions should generally also enjoy good reputation among public and their credibility would have to be beyond any doubt. Under SIP’s “Empowerment Program” KESC has recently signed memorandums of understanding with four healthcare and educational institutions. The Citizens Foundation (TCF) – FREE Electricity for 320 Schools The MoU signed on October 6, with TCF, declares that KESC would bear 100 per cent cost of the electricity consumed by approximately 320 school units of The Citizens Foundation and its Head Office in Karachi. In addition to the above, KESC would be working with TCF to provide meters to addi-

tional 46 schools units of TCF in the city. Established in 1995 by a group of citizens concerned with the dismal state of education in Pakistan, TCF has established 830 purpose-built school units in 93 towns and cities nationwide with an enrollment of 115,000 students, 52,000 of them are in Karachi. Layton Rahmatulla Benevolent Trust (LRBT) – FREE Electricity for Two Hospitals KESC would also be bearing 100 per cent of electricity charges of two hospitals of Layton Rahmatulla Benevolent Trust (LRBT) located at Korangi and North Karachi respectively. The memorandum of understanding was signed on October 3 with LRBT, which has treated over 22 million eye patients in OPD and performed over 2.2 million major and minor surgeries since its inception 26 years ago. In 2010-11 over

2.2 million patients visited OPD in LRBT’s 17 hospitals and 39 clinics across the country and 208,796 major minor surgeries were performed. LRBT offers all eye related treatments and surgeries absolutely free of charge. Marie Adelaide Leprosy Centre – FREE Electricity for the Leprosy Center With respect to the memorandum of understanding signed on September 30 with Marie Adelaide Leprosy Centre (MALC), under the Social Investment Program, KESC would be paying 100 per cent of the electricity bills of MALC every month, which provides free medical aid to a large number of leprosy, eye and TB patients all across the country including Karachi. By the end of the past year, MALC had treated over 800 leprosy patients; had operated upon 4,575 eye patients; and had registered

over 10,000 TB patients. Cure rate of leprosy patients by MALC is recorded as 97 per cent. Indus Hospital – 50% of the Hospital’s Power Bills to be Paid by KESC On September 27, KESC signed its first memorandum of understanding under SIP with the Indus Hospital, to bear 50 per cent of Indus Hospital’s cost of electricity every month. Indus Hospital provides quality medical care in its wide ranging clinical departments and also provides post graduate medical education to deserving persons free of cost. The services provided by Indus Hospital include hi tech coronary angioplasties, life saving cardiac bypass surgeries, cutting edge laser interventions or restorative orthopaedic procedures. Indus hospital serves around 550,000 patients annually free of charge.


Slain Gaza militants were senior Qaeda affiliates

‘Japan security environs tougher’ Y OKOSUKA , J APAN —Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda told his navy on Sunday that Japan’s security environment was tougher than ever, underscoring tension with China over a territorial dispute and the threat of North Korea’s weapons programs. Sino-Japanese relations deteriorated sharply after Japan in September bought from private owners some of the East China Sea islets that both Tokyo and Beijing claim. That sparked violent anti-Japanese protests across China and badly hurt trade. “It is needless to say that the security environment surrounding Japan is getting tougher than ever,” Noda told about 8,000 servicemen and women, mostly from the navy, from aboard the destroyer Kurama. “We have a neighbor that launches missiles under the pretence of satellite launches. We have various developments concerning territory and sovereignty.” Noda, supreme commander of Japan’s military known as the Self-Defence Forces (SDF), was speaking during a fleet review off Kanagawa prefecture, south of Tokyo. His remarks were relayed to ships gathered in the area — about 40 vessels, including the U.S. cruiser Shiloh, were present for the review. About 47,000 U.S. troops are based in Japan. Noda braved occasional bouts of drizzle to review destroyers, submarines, minesweepers and fuel supply vessels that passed in front of him while SDF helicopters and P-3C anti-submarine patrol planes flew overhead. The disputed group of islands, called Senkaku in Japan and GAZA: Palestinians wheel the body of a militant at a hospital, following an Israeli air strike in the northern Gaza Strip Diaoyu in China, are located near rich fishing grounds and potentially huge oil and gas reserves.—Reuters

Colombia talks peace with FARC rebels BOGOTA—Colombia’s government and Marxist rebels will sit down this week to start peace talks aimed at ending nearly half a century of conflict after a 10-year military offensive against the guerrillas failed to deliver a coup de grace. President Juan Manuel Santos is attempting what many other leaders have tried but failed to do in the past - reach a negotiated deal with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and bring peace to Latin America’s No. 4 economy. The former defence minister has seen his popularity slide over the last year with former President Alvaro Uribe, for long a close ally, leading criticism that Santos has been too soft on the FARC. But a peace agreement before the next election in 2014 would all but guarantee Santos a second term. While security has improved by leaps and bounds since a U.S.-backed offensive against FARC rebels and drug barons began a decade ago, the security forces have been unable to land a decisive blow. The FARC is still a threat and, although weakened, it has stepped up its attacks in the last few years. Analysts say it is clear the conflict cannot be won by military means alone and the government has a greater chance of negotiating an end to the war from a position of strength than of completely wiping out the rebels. “We take on these talks with moderate optimism but with the absolute conviction that it is an opportunity that we cannot waste.”—Reuters

Montenegro rulers stay in power PODGORICA—Montenegrins voted in a parliamentary election on Sunday that could extend the 23-year hold on power for the ruling party and its leader, Milo Djukanovic, despite economic stagnation and widespread accusations of high-level corruption. The winner will oversee the ex-Yugoslav republic’s talks on joining the European Union. After Croatia, due to join next July, Montenegro is the only Balkan state that could become an EU member by the end of this decade. Djukanovic’s Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) remains popular despite economic woes for having championed the independence of the country of 680,000 people six years ago from a rump Yugoslavia union with Serbia. A victory would return to power the 50-year old Djukanovic, prime minister or president for all but two years in the last two decades. Italian prosecutors had accused him of involvement in massive cigarette smuggling during Yugoslavia’s international isolation in the 1990s but he was cleared of all charges. Looking confident and upbeat after casting his ballot in downtown Podgorica, the capital, Djukanovic said he was “calm and optimistic” about the outcome of the election. “Tomorrow we will talk about who will do what to contribute to the best interest of Montenegro,” he told reporters. He also dismissed the corruption allegations levelled by the opposition: “They have been aiming at the same target for two decades.—Reuters

Mauritania leader pleads for calm NOUAKCHOTT—Mauritania’s president appeared on television to call for calm on Sunday, hours after being shot by soldiers in what he said was an accident. Mauritania’s President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz takes part in the closing news conference after a summit of Mediterranean neighbours at Verdala Palace outside Valletta. Seen by the West as an ally against al Qaeda’s increasing presence in the Sahara Desert, Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz has ruled over a northwest African country that has been largely stable since he seized power in a 2008 coup. Abdel Aziz was wounded late on Saturday when a military patrol opened fire on his convoy about 40 km (25 miles) from the capital, Nouakchott. A medical source said he had been shot in the abdomen. “I want to calm all citizens,” Abdel Aziz said in a broadcast on state television from his hospital bed. “I want to reassure everyone about my state of health after this incident committed by error.” Soon after the broadcast, he was flown to former colonial power France for further treatment, a Mauritanian official said. Abdel Aziz won an election in 2009 in the largely desert country, straddles black and Arab Africa on the West coast of the continent. Abdel Aziz’s government launched numerous military operations on Islamist bases in neighbouring Mali before a rebellion split that country in two, leaving much of it in the hands of heavily-armed groups linked to al Qaeda.—Reuters

Israeli polls on Jan 22 JERUSALEM—Israel’s cabinet announced on Sunday a January 22 date for a national election, a ballot that opinion polls predict Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu will win. The date needs to be approved by the Knesset, Israel’s parliament, which convenes on Monday to vote to dissolve itself and move up an election originally scheduled for October 2013. “The cabinet unanimously approved the proposal to hold Knesset elections on January 22, 2013,” a statement from Netanyahu’s office said. Netanyahu called last week for an early election after his governing coalition failed to agree on the 2013 state budget. A new public mandate would strengthen his political standing as Israel confronts the challenge of Iran’s nuclear program. A survey published on Thursday in the Maariv newspaper showed Netanyahu’s right-wing Likud party winning 29 of parliament’s 120 seats, up from a current 27, putting it in a prime position to form a coalition government.—Reuters

GAZA—Two Gaza militants killed by Israel on Saturday were the most senior al Qaeda affiliates in the Palestinian enclave, and one had links to jihadi networks in Egypt, Jordan and Iraq, sources said on Sunday. Hisham al-Saedni and Ashraf al-Sabah, who were killed by an air strike as they rode a motorcycle, were ultraconservative Salafi Islamists. Armed Salafis, while a fringe presence in Gaza, have been stepping up violence against Israel while at times clashing with the Palestinian Hamas government. They also operate in the neighbouring Egyptian Sinai. Saedni and Sabah were leaders, respectively, of the Tawhid wa-Jihad and Ansar Al-Sunna groups, two Salafi sources said. The movements share al Qaeda’s vision of global jihad and opposed the more pragmatic Islamism espoused by Hamas

and Cairo’s politically dominant Muslim Brotherhood. The men had recently merged their groups to form the umbrella Majles Shoura Al-Mujahideen (Holy Warriors’ Guidance Council), the sources said, becoming the de facto heads of the diffuse Gaza jihadi network. “Their blood will be a light to guide the holy warriors through the right path and will be fire that will burn the Jews,” one of the sources told Reuters, saying reprisals would not be limited to the short-range rocket launches that are Gaza militants’ favoured mode of attack on Israel. The Salafi sources said Gaza-born Saedni, 47, had lived in Egypt and Jordan and had fought for al Qaeda in Iraq. He had been wanted by Egypt on suspicion of involvement in attacks on tourist sites there.—Reuters

Syrian forces use cluster bombs to reverse rebels gains: HRW

B EIRUT —Syrian government forces have dropped Russian-made cluster bombs over civilian areas in the past week as they battle to reverse rebel gains on a strategic highway, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said on Sunday. The bombs were dropped from planes and helicopters, with many of the strikes taking place near the main north-south highway running through the northwestern town of Maarat alNuman, HRW said in a report. Rebels seized Maarat alNuman from President Bashar al-Assad’s troops last week, cutting the route from the capital Damascus to Aleppo, Syria’s biggest city. Government forces have been trying to retake the area since then. HRW previously reported Syrian use of cluster bombs, which have been

banned by most countries, in July and August but the renewed strikes indicate the government’s determination to regain strategic control in the northwest. Cluster munitions can drop hundreds of bomblets on a wide area as an anti-personnel weapon, designed to kill as many people as possible. Human rights groups say their use in civilian-populated areas can be a war crime. More than 100 nations have banned their use, stockpiling, transfer or sale under a convention which became international law in 2010, but Syria has not signed it, nor have Russia, China or the United States. Bomblets that do not initially explode can litter the ground, killing and maiming civilians long after a war is over. Towns targeted included Maarat, Tamanea,

Taftanaz and al-Tah. Cluster bombs have also been used in other areas in Homs, Aleppo and Lattakia provinces as well as near Damascus, the New York-based rights group said. “Syria’s disregard for its civilian population is all too evident in its air campaign, which now apparently includes dropping these deadly cluster bombs into populated areas,” said Steve Goose, arms director at HRW. Syrian government officials were not immediately available to comment on the HRW report. Initial information about the use of the explosives came from videos posted online by opposition activists although HRW investigators said it had confirmed the incidents in interviews with resident in two towns. It had no information on

Khaleda off to China to meet key leaders DHAKA—BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia left Dhaka on Sunday for Beijing on a weeklong visit to China at the invitation of the ruling Communist Party of China (CPC). A regular flight of Thai Airways carrying the BNP chief and members of her entourage took off from Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport at 1:35pm. BNP standing committee members Moudud Ahmed, Mirza Abbas, and Nazrul Islam Khan, vice-chairman Abdullah Al Noman, Chowdhury Kamal Ibne Yusuf, and Sadeque Hossain Khoka, among other senior leaders of the party saw her off at the airport. The opposition leader will stay overnight at Bangkok on Sunday and will reach Beijing on Monday. BNP standing committee members Khandaker Mosharraf Hossain, and Lt Gen (retd) Mahbubur Rahman, vice-chairmen Shamsher Mobin Chowdhury, and Selima Rahman, chairperson’s adviser Sabihuddin Ahmed, press secretary Maruf Kalam Khan Sohel, private secretary ASM Saleh Ahmed and special assistant Shimul Biswas are accompanying the former premier.

During her stay in China, the BNP chief will have meetings with key leaders of the Chinese Communist Party and top officials of the Chinese government, aiming to strengthen her party’s relations with the Chinese government and the CPC. She will discuss matters of mutual interests, the next general election of Bangladesh, regional problems, explore new areas of cooperation between the two friendly countries, and the BNP and the CPC, and seek Chinese investment in the country, her entourage member Lt Gen (retd) Mahbubur Rahman told UNB. Mentioning that his party shares traditional relations with China and CPC, the BNP standing committee member said Khaleda’s visits will renew and strengthen the ties further and consolidate the friendly relations between the two countries. Asked whether they are going to China to mobilise its support to mount pressure on Bangladesh government for restoring the caretaker government system to oversee the next polls, Mahbub said: “We’ll definitely share with the Chinese leaders about our ongoing political crisis and uncertainty about the next elec-

tion.” “Though China doesn’t interfere in the internal matters of any country, they can express their concern over the political instability in the country to the government of Bangladesh as good friend of it,” he said. Mahbub, a retired army chief, said Khaleda Zia will seek the Chinese cooperation and support for resolving Bangladesh’s maritime disputes with neighbours in an amicable and peaceful way and ensuring Bangladesh’s due share of waters from the common rivers. “ T h e chairperson will also seek Chinese investment in Bangladesh’s power and energy sector,” he added. Khaleda last visited China in December 2010. She is scheduled to leave Beijing on October 19 and return home on October 20 after a short stopover in Bangkok. Party sources said, the opposition leader may soon visit some other countries like India, Turkey, Korea and some European and Middle East ones, to drum up support from the international community to force the government to reinstate the non-party caretaker government system She is likely to go to New Delhi on October 28.—UNB

Pressure for N Mali intervention grows, no action soon MOPTI, MALI—Before Islamists seized the northern half of Mali, Mamadou Sekere sold masks and jewelry in Timbuktu to European tourists who rode camels and slept in the desert under the stars. Now, Sekere is in Mopti where one of his wives gathers leaves to feed the family. His other wife, who stayed behind when he fled Timbuktu, calls several times a day. He’s got 10 children with one and eight with the other, but can only shake his head when asked where they all are now. Sekere waits for the day when the Islamists leave Timbuktu, where they recently carried out a public execution in front of 600 people and have banned items ranging from perfume to Nokia ringtones. Sekere’s handicrafts are hidden inside the walls of his home until he, and the tourists, can return

“Here I am getting by only on the generosity of my friends,” Sekere told a reporter from the upper level of a mud home in this central Malian town, now home to thousands of displaced northerners. “There at least I have a plot of land that I can work.” Sekere is one of nearly 500,000 people who fled northern Mali since the crisis began earlier this year. Many, like Sekere, who came to the south have found life difficult because unemployment is high. Here the civilian government is trying to exert authority over the military, whose junior officers launc hed a coup in March right before elections were to have been held. The soldiers still call a lot of the shots, even though they made a show of returning power to the civilians in April. Ordinary Malians and international experts alike are not sure what will reunite

and bring back political stability to a country that until recently had a reputation as one of West Africa’s most steady democracies. “This is not only a humanitarian crisis; it is a powder keg that the international community cannot afford to ignore,” U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said recently. The Obama administration, France and neighboring African countries are all weighing what will be the most effective policies to halt the rapid success of Islamic extremists in Mali. The 15-nation West African regional bloc, the Economic Community of West African States, or ECOWAS, has discussed sending 3,000 troops to help oust the Islamist militants from the north. Many, though, question how Mali’s weak military could take the lead on such an intervention.—Reuters

casualties. The cluster bombs were Russian-made but it was not known how or when Syria acquired them, HRW said. Residents from Taftanaz and Tamanea - both near Maarat al-Numan - told HRW interviewers that helicopters dropped cluster munitions on or near their towns last Tuesday. One that hit Tamanea released smaller bomblets in an area between two schools, a resident was quoted as saying in the HRW report. “The bomblets that exploded were the ones that hit the ground on the tip, we collected the ones that didn’t explode, their tip didn’t touch the ground,” the resident said. People were taking away unexploded bomblets as souvenirs, a highly dangerous action as they can still explode at the slightest touch or movement. Video showed some ci-

Lithuanian voters to give harsh verdict on austerity V ILNIUS —Lithuanians are

vilians carrying the bomblets around and throwing them on the ground. “The cluster munition strikes and unexploded ordnance they leave behind pose a huge danger to civilian populations, who often seem unaware how easily these submunitions could still explode,” Goose said. The United Nations peace envoy for Syria, Lakhdar Brahimi, was due in Tehran later on Sunday for talks with Iranian officials, Iranian media reported. Brahimi, who took over the mediator job after former U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan quit in frustration at the lack of diplomatic progress, will meet President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and other senior officials. Shi’ite Iran is the main ally in the region of Assad, a member of the Alawite sect, an offshoot of Shi’ite Islam.

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said this week Brahimi would visit Syria soon to try to persuade Assad to call an immediate ceasefire. The anti-Assad uprising, which has been led by the Sunni Muslim majority, is backed by Sunni-ruled Arab states and by Turkey, which has increasingly taken on a leadership role in the international coalition ranked against Assad. “The U.N. Security Council has not intervened in the human tragedy that has been going on in Syria for 20 months, despite all our efforts,” Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan told a conference in Istanbul on Saturday. “There’s an attitude that encourages, gives the green light to Assad to kill tens or hundreds of people every day.”—Reuters

20 killed in Nigeria attack KADUNA —Gunmen opened ethnicity often erupt into viofire on Muslim worshippers as they were leaving a mosque in northern Nigeria on Sunday, killing at least 20 people, a local official said. The attack happened in a remote village called Dogo Dawa, in Kaduna state, said Abdullahi Muhammad, the traditional ruler and councillor of Birnin Gwari, a local government area next door to the village. There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack. Like much of northern Nigeria, Kaduna is plagued by an insurgency led by radical Islamist sect Boko Haram. They usually attack security forces, government officials or Christians, but have hit Muslim clerics and mosques in the past, especially ones that do not follow their hardline brand of Islam. Kaduna also lies close to Nigeria’s volatile “Middle Belt”, where Nigeria’s mostly Muslim north and largely Christian south meet, and where tensions over land and

likely to eject their centerright government in an election on Sunday that could be a taste of what awaits other European leaders forced by the financial crisis to implement unpopular austerity measures. An ex-Soviet state of about three million people, Lithuania crashed hard when the crisis hit four years ago. It made tough budget cuts in response and is now returning to economic health but too late for voters fed up with belt-tightening. Opinion polls indicate they will throw out Prime Minister Andrius Kubilius and install a coalition led by the opposition Social Democrats, who promise to raise the lowest wages and make the rich pay more income tax than the poor. This country on the Baltic Sea, held up by eurozone countries as a model of how to respond to the crisis, is in some ways a bellwether for governments in Greece, Spain and elsewhere, who are being forced to make similar swinging cuts.— Reuters BRYANSK, R USSIA —Russia held local elections from the Baltic Sea to the Chinese border on Sunday, testing President Vladimir Putin’s grip nationwide and the reach of his opponents five months into his new term. The ruling T EHRAN —Iran’s defense United Russia party was exminister said Sunday that pected to win most of nearly Hezbollah’s launch of a drone 5,000 contests despite disafinto Israeli airspace earlier fection that cost it dozens of this week proves the Islamic national parliament seats in a Republic’s military capabili- December vote and helped ties, state TV reported. The spark the biggest opposition statement by Gen. Ahmad protests of Putin’s 12-year Vahidi was Iran’s first official rule. acknow ledgement that the Opponents accuse the Lebanese militant group’s Kremlin of using its position drone used Iranian technol- to give its favoured candiogy. It came a few days after dates an unfair advantage, reHezbollah leader Sheik moving potential competitors Hassan Nasrallah claimed re- from races. The votes included sponsibility for the launch ballots for regional governors and said the drone was manu- in five of Russia’s 83 provfactured in Iran and as- inces, the first since the Kremsembled in Lebanon. lin restored popular elections “Great job by Hezbollah,” of regional chiefs, which Putin Gen. Vahidi said. “The era in had scrapped during his 2000which the Zionist regime (Is- 2008 presidency as he tightrael) could think it has re- ened control. In one example gional supremacy is over.” cited by Putin’s critics as susIsraeli warplanes shot down picious, a candidate who had the unmanned plane, but the posed a threat to the Kremlin’s infiltration marked a rare man withdrew last month from breach of Israel’s tightly the governorship election in guarded airspace. Vahidi said Ryazan province, southeast Hezbollah had the right to of Moscow. Kremlin candilaunch the drone since Israeli dates faced a smooth ride in warplanes routinely overfly most other regions electing Lebanon.—Reuters governors, but in the western

lence. But Abdulladhi said the attack was most likely carried out by a local criminal gang. “We are suspecting a reprisal attack by gangs of armed robbers who lost some of their members after a recent exchange of fire with the villagers and the vigilantes,” he said. “The village had been terrorised by an armed group operating from camps in the forest. These armed men mostly attack villages and motorists along the busy Kaduna to Lagos highway.” The state police commissioner Olufemi Adenaike confirmed the incident, but said he could not yet confirm the death toll. The Islamist insurgency in northern Nigeria and weapons flooding in from its neighbours on the threshold of the Sahara have aggravated levels of violence in the region. Armed robberies and local disputes degenerating into deadly shootouts are increasingly common across the impoverished north.—Reuters

Russian local elections test Putin’s grip

‘Hezbollah drone proves Iran capabilities’

Bryansk region a tougher race was expected against a Communist who was struck from the ballot by a court and reinstated days before the vote. One medical worker in Bryansk accused bosses at her clinic of threatening senior staff with dismissal if they did not vote for the incumbent at multiple polling stations and record the evidence on their mobile phone cameras. “I refused, of course,” said Maria Makarova, 55, who said she voted for the Communist. Election officials in the region could not immediately be reached for comment. Among other closely watched votes were the only two contested by prominent leaders of antiPutin opposition protests: activist and environmental campaigner Yevgeniya Chirikova and liberal politician Vladimir Ryzhkov. Chirikova cried foul in the Moscow suburb of Khimki, saying hundreds of new residents had been registered in one apartment block alone shortly before the election and accusing officials at some polling places of hiding voter lists from observers. “New residents were registered early this morning, somehow they received local registration overnight,” she said at a polling station.—Reuters


Djokovic rallies to beat Murray in Shanghai final

Tennis: Indian pair win Shanghai Masters SHANGHAI—Australian Open champions Leander Paes of India and Radek Stepanek of the Czech Republic on Sunday came from behind to win the Shanghai Masters doubles title 6-7 (7/ 9), 6-3, 10/5. The fourth seeds, who have already booked a place at next month’s elite eightteam ATP World Tour Finals in London, lost the first set against Indian pair Mahesh Bhupathi and Rohan Bopanna on a tie-break. But the Indian-Czech duo, who were losing finalists at the US Open, levelled the contest after a single break in the second set and took the match tie-break 10/5. Seventh seeds Bhupathi and Bopanna were in eighth and last spot in the chase for a place at the season-ending finale in the most recent rankings.—AFP

Motorcycling: Pedrosa stuns Lorenzo in Japan MotoGP M OTEGI

(Japan)—Dani Pedrosa battled from behind to beat championship leader Jorge Lorenzo at the Japanese Grand Prix on Sunday, closing up on the fellow Spaniard in his pursuit of a first MotoGP title. The Honda rider overtook front-running Yamaha ace Lorenzo with 13 laps to go in the 24-lap race. He never looked back to win in 42 min 31.569 sec at the Twin Ring Motegi circuit under cloudy skies. Lorenzo followed home 4.275 seconds behind, with another Spaniard Alvaro Bautista third on a Honda 2.477 seconds farther back.—AFP

BIPIN DANI OBSERVER CORRESPONDENT MUMBAI—Sanath Jayasuriya was not a member of the Sri Lankan team which last toured Pakistan (2009) where the second Test between Pakistan and Sri Lanka had been called off following the attack on the bus carrying the tourists’ team in Lahore. Five Pakistani policemen escorting the team bus were killed in the gunfire and seven Sri Lanka players and the assistant coach, Paul Farbace were injured. The bus carrying the match-officials was in a convoy on its way to the stadium ahead of the third day of the second Test. The fourth umpire Ehsan Raza was in a critical condition in an intensive care unit in Lahore. Now the former Sri

SHANGHAI—Novak Djokovic saved five match points in the second set before outlasting two-time defending champion Andy Murray 5-7, 7-6 (11), 6-3 on Sunday in the Shanghai Masters final. In another entertaining matchup between the two U.S. Open finalists, Djokovic seemed headed for defeat when Murray was serving for the match at 5-4 in the second set. But the second-ranked Serb saved one match point in that game before breaking back for 5-5. He then saved four more in a tense tiebreaker and carried his momentum into the deciding set, breaking the Briton twice to earn his fifth title of the year. ‘’I won the match. But, you know, as spectators could see, we were very close,’’ Djokovic said. ‘’It was a very even match throughout the whole three sets. He was so close to the victory that I cannot say I was the better player.’’ It was Murray’s first loss in Shanghai in 13 matches. Murray, who beat Djokovic in five sets at Flushing Meadows for his first Grand Slam title, saved two match points in the final game, but sent a backhand long on the third. ‘’It was a disappointing one to lose,’’ Murray said. ‘’I’ve lost tougher matches than that before in the biggest events. So I’m sure I’ll recover from it pretty well. ‘’It’s not like I threw the match away. I didn’t make, I don’t think, any real glaring errors or anything.’’ In a matchup of two of the game’s best returners, both players struggled to hold serve early, trading breaks three times, and were tied 4-4 in the first set. When Djokovic was broken for the fourth time in the

Sanath Jayasuriya sees no fear in playing in Pakistan Lanka captain will lead the World XI in Pakistan on Saturday and Sunday. The match is scheduled to be played against the Pakistani team and both teams will have current as well as “not retired” players. The Pakistani team for the two Twenty20 matches will be led by their local hero, Shahid Afridi. “Whatever had happened to our national team (on March 3, 2009) was bad, but yes, I have no security fear now and both teams will play the matches for the noble cause”, Sanath Jayasuriya, speaking exclusively from Colombo, said. The players will be staying in Shereton Hotel and the presidential-level security has been assured to the players, it is learnt here. “Pakistan is our neighbouring country and when the match is being arranged for the charity cause (flood relief), we had no hesi-

tation to go there”, he added. Several players from South Africa, West Indies and Afghanistan have agreed to participate in two matches. The organisers have also been trying to invite Farveez Maharoof for this four-day trip. The 29year-old Sri Lankan allrounder was a member of the touring ODI team in 2009, but was later withdrawn for the Test matches. “Yes, I await government permission to travel to Pakistan”, the cricketerturned politician, Jayasuriya added. “But since the match is being organised by the Sind Province, I see no difficulty”, he said. Organisers have Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) blessings to host both matches at the international venue, National Stadium in Karachi.

BCCI floats tender for new IPL franchise N EW D ELHI —After termi-

SHANGHAI: Novak Djokovic of Serbia kisses the champion trophy during the award ceremony of the men’s singles match against Andy Murray of Britain at the Shanghai Masters tennis tournament. 11th game, he lost his cool and shattered his racket by smashing it into the ground four times before slinging it disgustedly toward his sideline chair. ‘’We are professional tennis players and we’re big rivals, but in the end we’re humans. We shouldn’t be ashamed of our emotions,’’ Djokovic said. ‘’I don’t see anything bad in showing your emotions - positive, negative emotions. We can’t just be flat-faced

throughout the whole match.’’ The momentum seemed to shift with one audacious shot from the Serb, just as Murray appeared to be closing in on his third straight title at the tournament. Trailing 5-4 and 30-0 in the second set, Djokovic chased down a lob from Murray and hit a perfect between-the-legs shot, then followed it up with a drop shot to win the point. He went on to save Murray’s

first match point with a forehand and broke back when the Briton missed a forehand of his own two points later. In the 20-minute tiebreaker, Djokovic finally prevailed when he converted his fourth set point with a forehand winner. Murray couldn’t recover, and Djokovic broke for a 4-3 lead before winning the next two games to wrap up the win. Djokovic also beat

CSK vs Sixers, CLT20

All-round Henriques sinks Chennai JOHANNESBURG—A blistering stand of 75 between Moises Henriques and Steve Smith towards the end of the innings was the difference as Sydney Sixers’ 185 was enough to keep out Chennai Super Kings in a high-scorer at the Wanderers. Henriques made telling blows on the field as well, as his three middle-order wickets derailed Super Kings’ chase just as the asking rate started reducing. Suresh Raina threatened with an attacking half-century, but the lack of support at the other end hurt Super Kings’ chances. Shane Watson gave the Sixers a rousing start after they would put in to bat, and the Chennai Super Kings spinners struck back with wickets but none of the bowlers were spared once the Smith-Henriques pair came together. When the Australian seamers were taken out off after four overs, the openers - Watson and Michael Lumb - targeted the weak link in the seam attack. Yo Mahesh was carted for 18 off his only over, which included a clipped six over midwicket by Lumb. Watson was harsh on anything dragged short, and he made R Ashwin and Jadeja pay by cracking two sixes over the on side. Only a run-out could have ended Watson’s stay and he fell in that manner four short of a fifty. He attempted a risky second run but wasn’t quick enough for Ben Hilfenhaus’ flat and fiery throw from deep cover which hit the stumps on the half volley. The spinners pulled things back for Super Kings after Watson’s departure. R

Murray in five sets in the Australian Open semifinals this year and improved his record against the Briton to 9-7. ‘’We had an incredible year so far with our matches, big matches in important events,’’ Djokovic said. ‘’He definitely is a different player this year. You could see by the results he’s achieved. He’s more aggressive on the court and he’s definitely a danger to anybody on any surface.’’—AP

Basketball: Clippers beat Miami SHANGHAI—The Los Angeles Clippers used a dominant inside attack to dispatch reigning NBA champion Miami Heat 99-89 in an exhibition match Sunday in front of a sell-out crowd of 18,000 in Shanghai. With All Star point guard Chris Paul guiding the offence, Clippers big men Eddie Jordan and Blake Griffin thrilled the crowd with dunks and alley-oop baskets as Los Angeles jumped to a first quarter double-digit lead and maintained it for much of the match. Jordan scored 13 of his game-high 18 points in the first quarter, while power forward Griffin scored 13 points and grabbed 10 rebounds as the Clippers avenged a 94-80 loss to Miami in Beijing on Thursday.—AFP

nating cash-strapped Deccan Chargers from the Indian Premier League, the BCCI on Sunday began the process of finding a new team by floating tender notices for a fresh franchise. “Under this invitation to tender, the winning bidder will be granted the right to own and operate a new team which will compete in the IPL in each year from and including 2013 onwards and will have the opportunity (if applicable and subject to qualification) to compete in each and any CLT20 which is staged from 2013 onwards.” the BCCI said in an advertisement published in leading newspapers. The bids have been invited in respect of 12 cities — Ahmedabad, Cuttack, Dharamsala, Indore, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Kochi, Nagpur, Noida, Rajkot, Ranchi and Vizag.

The tender notice said that all bidding parties will need to fulfil the eligibility criteria and other requirements specified in the Invitation to Tender. “Bids must be submitted at 12 noon IST on Thursday October 25. The winning bids will be announced in the manner set out in the Invitation to Tender,” the BCCI advert said. Earlier, after a month long legal battle, Deccan Chargers lost their status as an IPL team after the Bombay High Court stayed the order of Arbitrator for maintaining status quo on the matter till further hearing. The beleaguered owners of Deccan Chargers had failed to produce a Rs100crore bank guarantee before the Bombay High Court, a condition that had been set for the struggling team’s survival in the league. They later approached the court-ap-

pointed arbitrator who had passed the order of status quo. Deccan Chronicle Holdings Limited‘s failure to furnish the guarantee money before the 5pm deadline on Friday effectively meant that the BCCI‘s termination of the team stood and the Board was free to float the tender for a new franchise. Deccan Chargers were hoping to resolve their financial problems by selling the team but they rejected the sole bid they received at the auction in Chennai on September 13. PVP Ventures Limited, the Hyderabad-based urban infrastructure and film production company, had offered Rs900 crore but Deccan rejected it finding the terms of payment and the amount unacceptable. DCHL purchased the Hyderabad franchise for Rs428 crore in 2008.—INP

Cycling: Cummings wins, but Martin reclaims crown B EIJING —Steve Cummings capped off a brilliant year for British cycling by taking the final stage of the Tour of Beijing, but German Tony Martin reclaimed the title that he won last year. Cummings, who races for the BMC Racing Team, claimed victory on day five of cycling’s last tour of the season by outsprinting Ryder Hesjedal (GarminSharp) in the final run-in. The 31-year-old suffered an injury-plagued start to a season which has seen compatriot Bradley Wiggins win the Tour de France and Britain dominate in cycling at

the London 2012 Olympics. But he had the strength to hold off a powerful challenge from Canadian racer Hesjedal. The pair finished 17 seconds in front of third placed Edvald Boasson Hagen. Norwegian Boasson Hagen’s finish helped him seal third place in the overall standings in Beijing, behind Italian Francesco Gavazzi and champion Martin. Martin cemented his victory on the second day of racing on Wednesday, when he finished a huge 46 seconds in front after making a

breathtaking dash for the finishing line. He has led on the overall standings throughout the remainder of the tour to reclaim the title he won last year—China’s first World Tour calendar event. The Omega PharmaQuickStep racer took silver in the men’s individual time trial at the Olympics this year. Saturday’s race started at Changping Stadium, which is north of the city centre, and finished 182.5km (113.4 miles) later at Pinggu, in Beijing’s eastern suburbs.—AFP

Golf: Park edges out Choi for Malaysia win K UALA L UMPUR —South

JOHANNESBURG: Murali Vijay was bowled off the second over of Chennai Super Kings’ innings during Chennai Super Kings vs Sydney Sixers, Group B, Champions League Twenty20 match on Sunday. Ashwin struck twice in an boundaries down the ground over, removing Brad Haddin off the part-time leg spin of and Nic Maddinson as they Faf du Plessis and from that tried to push the scoring. It point on, an above-par score wasn’t the worst thing to looked possible. The happen to the Sixers, though, bowlers hemorrhaged 61 off as it brought Smith and the last four overs, which inHenriques together. The pair cluded eight fours and three began by bashing two sixes.—AFP

Korea’s Park Inbee edged out defending champion and tournament leader Choi NaYeon in a thrilling final day Sunday at the Sime Darby LPGA Malaysia to win with a 15-under 269. The world number sixth ranked player kept her cool to become the third South Korean to win the tournament in as many years when she closed out with a fourunder 67, defeating compatriot and friend Choi by two strokes overall. World number four Choi, who led from the opening day, could only finish with a level par 71 Sunday, conceding the title of the $1.9 million competition at the Kuala Lumpur Golf and Coun- LAHORE: The winners of the Addisseo Polo Cup 2012 with the chief guest Riffat Haye and President Lahore Polo Club Abdul Haye Mehta. try Club to Park.—AFP


Swimming lowered blood pressure in sedentary over 50s

O

LDER adults who don’t do much exer cise, and whose blood pressure is get ting to the point where they may need treatment, should perhaps consider swimming as a way to help bring it back down, at least that is what a small US study of sedentary over-50-year-olds might suggest. The study was published early online in The American Journal of Cardiology earlier this month. Swimming is an ideal form of exercise for older, sedentary people because it puts little weight-bearing stress on the body and is not likely to lead to overheating. However, despite this, we know little about the effect this form of exercise has on the arteries and blood pressure, write the authors, from the University of Texas (UT) at Austin. They found that 12 weeks of swimming significantly lowered blood pressure and improved the function of arteries in a group of sedentary, unmedicated over-50s whose blood pressure was on the verge of “unhealthy” (prehypertension) or in stage 1 of hypertension. For their study, Dr Nantinee Nualnim, of UT’s Cardiovascular Aging Research Laboratory, and colleagues, recruited 43 sedentary people aged over 50 (average age of 60) who also had prehypertension or stage 1 hypertension but were not on any medication. They randomly assigned them either to

do 12 weeks of swimming or 12 weeks of gentle relaxation exercises (the controls). The researchers also took a number of measurements before, during, and at then end the 12 weeks, including measures of height, body weight, body fat, blood pressure, vascular function, blood glucose and cholesterol. Before the 12 weeks, there were no significant differences between the swimmers and the controls. Body mass, body fat (adiposity) and blood levels of glucose and cholesterol did not change in either group throughout the 12 weeks. However, they found that blood pressure (casual systolic) fell from 131 to 122 mm Hg in the swimming group (note that 120 is the “ideal” for a healthy heart, as in 120/80). There were also significant changes to vascular function, such as the “stiffness” of arteries, in the swimming group. The authors note: “Swimming exercise produced a 21% increase in carotid artery compliance. Flow-mediated dilation and cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity improved after the swim training program.” But there were no significant changes in any of the measurements in the control group. “... swimming exercise elicits hypotensive effects and improvements in vascular function in previously sedentary older adults.”

KARACHI: Farooq Sattar, leader of MQM alongwith party members, lighting up candles to express solidarity with Malala Yousafzai.

Dangerous prisoners shifted to interior Sindh

Admission process in SSUET going on apace K ARACHI — The admission process in Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology is going on apace and with November 10 as last date for submission of forms, some 2961 prospectus had been sold so far as against 2533 sold during the corresponding period last year. This was informed in a meeting held under the chairmanship of Chancellor Z.A. Nizami, to review the progress of ongoing admission process. It was informed that so far 1051 admission seekers had submitted their forms which included 414 seeking admission in Civil Engineering, 307 in Electronic Engineering, 129 in Computer, 122 in Computer Science, 45 in Telecommunication and 34 in Bio-Medical disciplines.

Vice-Chancellor Prof Dr Jawed H, Rizvi told the meeting that number of admission forms submitted this year was higher by 25 percent which gives reflection of the credibility of this university established by Aligarh Muslim University Old ouys Association (AMUOBA) in 1993 under an Act passed by the Sindh Assembly. It was informed that entry test will be held on November 18 a Expo Centre which was selected for the purpose last year in view of very high number of applicants. The Chancellor expressed satisfaction over the admission process and directed that total transparency should be maintained throughout. While reviewing the recov-

ery of dues, the meeting was informed that no examination form was being accepted nor any document like admit card being issued without payment of dues by the students. Mr Nizami directed the concerned officials that no one should be allowed to appear in the examination unless total outstanding dues were cleared by the concerned student. He also reviewed the performance of department of Career Planning and called for a detail report thereof within a week , along with another report from the department concerning student affairs. In the meeting the security arrangements at the campus were also reviewed keeping the law and order situation in the city.—APP

STAFF REPORTER

K ARACHI —Sindh govern- KARACHI—Police raided at the ment has shifted dangerous prisoners to jails in the interior of Sindh after intelligence reports that terrorists might target them for the release of their comrades. According to a private TV channel report on Sunday, a sensitive institution had informed the Sindh government that terrorists could attack Karachi jails to secure release of dangerous prisoners. After the report, several dangerous prisoners have been shifted to Hyderabad and Sukkur. The report claimed that some prisoners were shifted to the interior Sindh jails last month as well. On the other hand security has been further beefed up at all the jails of the province.—INP

KARACHI: Residents of Lyari area are facing severe shortage of drinking water.

Police raid houses of SPLGO protesters

Two torture cells found in Lyari, 8 detainees freed KARACHI—Rangers on Sunday unearthed two torture cells in Karachi’s Lyari town and got freed eight allegedly detained people after a search operation in the area. On a tip off, officials said, heavy contingents of Rangers surrounded the Dubai Chowk area in Lyari, closing all entry and exit points of the locality as part of the search operation. The Rangers man raided two tortures cells and got freed eight detainees kept there in fetters, recovering torturing equipments from the underground dungeons. Meanwhile, police shifted 23 prisoners of banned outfits from Karachi’s central prison to Hyderabad in the wake of terror threat. Violence continued in the city till late Saturday, with three more people gunned down in different areas of financial hub of the country.—NNI

SSC Supplementary Exam from Oct 23 KARACHI—The SSC Supplementary Examination 2012 Science and General Groups (Regular and Private) is scheduled from October 23. An announcement of the Board of Secondary Education Karachi (BSEK) said on Sunday that the admit cards will be ready for collection with effect from October 19 onward. All the Heads of Recognized Secondary School have been asked to send their representative with Authority Letter to collect KARACHI: Customers selecting toys from stall at a roadside in the area of Light House. the same.—APP

houses of various activists of nationalist organizations and registered FIR registered against them as the enraged protests are continue in different parts of province against Sindh people’s local government Ordinance (SPLGO) here on Sunday. Different processions were taken out in Larkana, Badeh, Dokri, Kamber Shahdadkot and other parts of Sindh by JSQM, STPP, SUP, JSQM (Aresar), SNP and others in protest against SPLGO and called it a division of Sindh by the PPP and MQM. The police registered FIRs

against 10 activists of JSQM including Momin Odho, Yakoob Arbani, Zafar Langah and others, while raided at various locations in Larkana district sources told. The protesters staged demonstration and foot March from Badah to Dokri and blocked highway for several hours and protests against dual systems in Sindh province. They said the rulers have succumbed to the MQM pressure as well as the lust of power agreed to divide Sindh, but the dual system of local government in the province will not tolerated. Sindh Adabi Sangat (SAS) and Sindh Writers Forum (SWF) took out a rally against

the SPLGO, the representatives of Civil Society including writers, poets, singers, artists, lawyers, doctors and other literary people from all walks of life of Sindh participated on the occasion. On the occasion intellectuals rejected the new LG bill and termed it anti Sindh document and called for to repeal it at once. SAS and Sindh Writers Forum leaders will pay visits to all villages and cities of Sindh to convey their message, on the occasion, renowned intellectual Dr Dur Muhammad Pathan announced to return his Presidential Award to government in protest against controversial LG bill 2012

People having old technologies are reluctant to adopt new trends KARACHI—With fast changes held at Sir Syed University of networks which use different taking place in the era of globalization as compared to a decade back, new technologies are coming up every now and then with newest applications and tools. But the old people working with old technologies are reluctant to adopt the new trends, said Farrukh Nizami, an IT expert while addressing a seminar on Cisco Certified Network Association (CCNA)

Engineering & Technology, on Sunday. He pointed out that Internetworking has grown fast during the last few decades to maintain the basic user requirements with major purpose being to connect several related networks jointly so that each user could share the information same moment. He said that Internet working involves connecting

protocols and how different nodes in a network are connected to each other and how they communicate. “There is no scarcity of jobs in the market for networking/IT professionals, he said adding that still capable candidates are not available in the field”. He explained that Cisco Networking Academy is a global education programme —APP

CM reviews arrangements for Hyderabad PPP meeting STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah chaired a high level meeting, on Sunday to review the arrangements for PPP public meeting in Hyderabad scheduled for Oct.15. Federal Minister Syed Khursheed Ahmed Shah , Sindh Ministers Aga Siraj Durrani, Muhammad Ayaz Soomro, Sharjeel Inam Memon, Jam Mehtab Dahar, Mir Nadir Khan Magsi, Haji Muzaffar Ali Shujjra, Mukesh Kumar Chawla, Rafiq Engineer also attended the meeting, said an official statement here Sunday. The Chief Minister directed Inspector General of Police to ensure fool-proof security at the public meeting of Pakistan People’s Party. He said that PPP public meeting in Hyderabad on Sunday would be a historic meeting. It would be participated by a large number of people. Thus, he said, fool-proof security was very much needed to ensure safety of the participants. This mammoth rally would foil the negative propaganda by political opponents, he said. Syed Qaim Ali Shah, who is also provincial president of PPP , said that he would a lead a big rally of thousands of people from his native town Khairpur Mirs to Hyderabad.

Fool-proof security at PPP public meeting ordered KARACHI: A transporter showing Rs 150 entry ticket which he have to get on each round to the cattle market near Super Highway. It is reported that the customers have also to pay KARACHI—Inspector General of Police (IGP) has directed the Rs 200 extra per animal in the market. police officers to ensure foolproof security to the people attending the PPP public meeting in Hyderabad scheduled for Monday (Oct.15). He ordered Deputy Inspector General (DIG) to depute police commandos at the public meeting and its surroundings besides additional recovered eight kidnapped men. Usman. In Korangi No 4, armed STAFF REPORTER police there. He also directed According to police, unknown motorcyclists opened fire at a for sweeping of the meeting site man killing him on the spot and armed men gunned down two KARACHI— Unabated target by bomb disposal squad and enkilling continued to claim inno- persons in separate incidents of fled the scene. The body was sure their presence till end of shifted to hospital where idenfiring in Baldia Town locality cent lives as three more persons the meeting. The vehicles of were gunned down in separate of the city. The bodies were tity of the deceased was yet to the people attending the meetincidents of violence in the pro- shifted to hospital where iden- be confirmed. Police said that ing should also be parked at vincial metropolis here on Sun- tity of the deceased was ascer- the shooting incident could be certain distance from the meetday. The Rangers during a raid tained as Mohammad Shah and outcome of personal enmity. ing site, he directed.—APP

Target killing continues in city, three more killed


Tracking Malaria with cell phones

T

HERE’S a new weapon in the war against malaria – the cell phone. Harvard researchers found they could track the spread of malaria in Kenya using phone calls and text messages from 15 million mobile phones. “Before mobile phones, we had proxies for human travel, like road networks, census data and small-scale GPS studies,” said study author Caroline Buckee, an assistant professor of epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health. “But now that mobile phones have spread throughout the world, we can start using these massive amounts of data to quantify human movements on a larger scale and couple this data with knowledge of infection risk.” Buckee and colleagues used mobile phone records from June 2008 and June 2009 to track the timing and origin of calls and texts among 15 million Kenyan mobile phone subscribers. They then compared the volume of subscribers in a particular region to that region’s known malaria prevalence. By studying networks of human and parasite movement, the team could then determine primary sources of malaria and who was most likely to become infected. The results, published Thursday in the journal Science, suggest that malaria transmission within Kenya is dominated by

travel from Lake Victoria on the country’s western edge to the more central capital city of Nairobi. And human carriers of the malaria parasite, who may not show symptoms, far outpace the flying limits of mosquitoes in endemic regions. “How travelers acquire malaria elsewhere and bring it home has been mostly surmised from expert knowledge and judgment,” said Dr. William Schaffner, professor and chairman of the department of preventive medicine at Vanderbilt University. “Here we’ve used this unrelated cell phone technology.” With 89 percent of the estimated 1 million annual malaria deaths occurring in Africa, the Harvard findings may help researchers better understand how human travel patterns can spread disease and potentially lead to improved public health efforts to curb the mosquito-borne infection. “I think it is so neat and extraordinarily imaginative,” said Schaffner. “It has me bouncing up and down in my chair with excitement.” Buckee anticipates that mobile technology could change approaches to malaria control. Long-employed anti-malaria strategies, such as the use of insecticides, bed nets, medications and mosquito-habitat removal, could be augmented by warning texts sent to travelers en route to and from malaria hot spots.

BWAP opens handicraft centre L AHORE —Behbud Welfare Association of Pakistan (BWAP) launched its handicraft centre to provide products of Behbud Industrial Homes. Behbud Association of Pakistan president Farida Anwar Zahid along with other members inaugurated the Lahore branch on Sunday. Behbud Association is a non-profit welfare organization. It is rendering its social service through practically empowering women of rural areas by channelizing their handicraft skills to the national level. The Behbud encourages women workers to utilize their skills to ease their financial constraints. It also subsidizes children oriented health care and education facilities under privileged areas of the country. Behbud Association Welfare projects enjoy na- LAHORE: Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif examining the working on the construction of Metro Bus tion-wide social support and Service Project in the Provincial Capital. financial support of respected donors as well as raising funds by its own initiatives.—APP

‘Metro Bus Service Project’

Govt-doctors talks take positive turn: GCDA STAFF REPORTER

Shahbaz directs to accelerate completion pace SALIM AHMED

L AHORE —Punjab Chief Muhammad L AHORE —Service structure Minister

LAHORE: Visitors taking keen interest in books during Books Exhibition at AlHamra Hall.

Eid shopping

CSD offers upto 50% special discount LAHORE—CSD, a super mar- clusively for the armed forces, said he had purchased a numket network of the armed forces, has announced special Eid-ulAzha discount upto 50 per cent on 500 products throughout the country. Official sources told APP on Sunday that Managing Director, CSD, Major General Anwar Saeed Khan,in view of Eid-ul- Azha had approved special discount upto 50 per cent at all its outlets across the country. People belonging to different walks of life have widely hailed the decision of CSD management allowing special discount for shopping by civilians at all its outlets throughout the country. The facility, which was ex-

has now been opened to civilians. Now visitors can also buy best quality grocery, food, garments, wood furniture, fresh fruits, vegetables and other household items at reasonable rates, comparatively less than open market. Mrs Sofia Haq, Sana Izhar and Sobia Aurangzaib, civilians, who visited CSD, told APP that it was a good experience to shop at CSD super market, the Mall. They said it was quite surprising to buy one and get one free Thai fancy lady shoe for Rs 482 only. Another civilian visitor Muhammad Raman, a driver,

ber of items for his six-member family at special discount. Major (Read) Zahoor Ahmad Ranjaha, Lt.Col (Retd) Sultan Haider, Majors (Retd) Umar and Anzar said that they got changed moboil, oil and air filters of their cars and also got checked air pressure of tyres without service charges at Guard Auto Zone outlet. They said that it was a good addition to CSD for better service for all visitors to save time and get quality automobile services while shopping. Sources said the next stateof-the-art Guard auto zone would be opened at CSD Gujranwala before Eid.—APP

Free hepatitis treatment offered to jail inmates L AHORE —Outgoing Senior Vice President Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry Meher Kashif Younis Sunday offered free treatment to hepatitis inmates in camp jail and central jail, Kot Lakhpat. Jail sources told APP here Sunday that he made this announcement during his visit to camp jail. Deputy Inspector General of Prisons Hq Mian Salik Jalal and Superintendent Camp Jail Ejaz Asghar were also present.

Meher Kahif visited jail hospital, kitchen, stores and different barracks. He highly appreciated the best quality of food being served to inmates with good-baked breads on roti plants which he observed was thousands of times better than outside hotels while inmates have also direct access to filter water for drinking. He was impressed with the prevailing hygienic conditions in and around the kitchen besides free medical

treatment to ailing inmates within jail premises. Meher said that it was his first visit to any jail and his views about the plight in jail had altogether changed. Inspector General of Prisons Punjab Mian Farooq Nazeer has started inviting elite of the town and dignitaries from different strata of society to visit jails to have first hand knowledge about reforms introduced by Chief Minister Punjab Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif.—APP

meetings have recently taken a positive turn, when Punjab heath department and the stakeholders including PMA, YDA, General Cadre Doctors Association (GCDA), Executive Doctors Association, and MTA are being asked to sign on draft of service structure, on point to point basis. However, there were apprehension amongst some doctors representatives that points agreed upon are not put in writing and there may be confusion in reaching consensus. General Cadre Doctors Association (GCDA),Punjab President Dr Masood Akhtar Sheikh said this while presiding over the provincial council Meeting of GCDA on “service structure updates”, here at Lahore. President Executive Doctors body Dr Haq Nawaz Bharwana, GCDA general secretary Dr Rana Rafiq, vice president Dr Asad Abbas Shah, vice president dental Dr Asim Farooqui, Joint Secretaries Dr Arif Iftikhar, Dr Ejaz Warriach, Dr Saif Ur Rehman also spoke on the occasion. Dr Masood Sheikh briefed the provincial council regarding meeting with special secretary health in which it was agreed that the best way to come to a practical end is going point wise. Dr Masood Sheikh said that it feels that health department is very positive and want the matter to come to a point where all the stake holders are satisfied. A proper service structure is the only answer to the current issues” Dr Sheikh added. Dr Sheikh elaborated that while concluding service structure it must be kept in mind that major stake holders are General Cadre Doctors with numbers more then 14,000 in the province, as compare to only 2500 teaching cadre doctors and 1200 specialist.

Shahbaz Sharif today paid a visit to Metro Bus Service Project early in the morning and reviewed the pace of construction work. Member Provincial Assembly, Mehr Ishtiaq Ahmed, Director General LDA and other concerned officers accompanied the Chief Minister. DG LDA Ahad Cheema gave a detailed briefing to Chief Minister regarding the project. The Chief Minister said that metro bus service is a splendid project in the transport history of Pakistan and its completion would result in modern, affordable and rapid transport facilities. He said that metro bus service project will soon be opened to the general public and the fare of metro bus service will be within the reach of the common man. He said that metro bus service will be completely free for the people

during the first four weeks and no fare will be charged. He said that this modern service will revolutionize transport system and will give a new identity to Lahore. He said that those travelling by their personal cars will also prefer to travel by metro bus service as it will save their time and they will be able to reach their destination quickly. He said that he realize that due to construction work, people are facing problems and difficulties but these are temporary and will give way to permanent relief. While reviewing construction work at different sections of the project, he directed authorities concerned to ensure expeditious implementation of the project. He said that the pace of work can be accelerated through better coordination between the departments concerned. He directed that there should be no delay in the execution of the public welfare project. The Chief

Minister directed DG LDA to consider the project of making Qurtaba Chowk interchange signal-free from every aspect and a report should be submitted to him in this regard within 24 hours. The Chief Minister directed to make arrangements for the continuation of the work on metro bus service project even during Eid-ulAzha holidays and said that no compromise can be made on the quality of construction work. The Chief Minister further directed authorities concerned to utilize all available resources for the speedy completion of this glorious project. The Chief Minister also visited bus depot being constructed for metro bus service and directed the authorities concerned to complete the work expeditiously. He said that the pace of work on the project should be continued round the clock as there is no room for delay in its completion.

Continuity of democracy vital for prosperity: Khosa L AHORE—Punjab Governor who sacrificed for the cause workers had faced difficulties Sardar Latif Khan Khosa has said that continuity of democracy is vital for prosperity of the country and getting prominent position among the international community. Addressing a memorial ceremony of PPP workers who committed suicide on October 2, 1978 against the judicial murder of Party Chairman Zulfikar Ali Bhuto Shaheed, held at the residence of former general secretary of PPP Punjab Ch Ghulam Abbas, here, he said that PPP workers had sacrificed their lives for the democracy. Paying tribute to PPP workers, he said those people should be remembered

of democracy and vision of ZAB Shaheed. He said the PPP was the name of a passion and movement whose workers had set examples of sacrifices, adding the PPP had never practiced the politics of power as it always remained in power even it was in the opposition. The governor alleged the PML-N had always got power through unfair means and even it got the government of Punjab with the support of Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Shaheed. Special advisor to prime minister Ch Aslam Gill said on the occasion that the PPP

but they remained steadfast. Ch Ghulam Abbas, advisor to AJK PM Dr Ahsan and other leaders also addressed the ceremony and paid tribute to two PPP workers who committed suicide at Lohari gate including Rafique Khokhar and Abdur Rashid.—APP

Development projects fund released L AHORE —The Punjab gov-

ernment has released Rs 49.592 billion to executing agencies for various development sectors against the net development programme of Rs 210 billion during the first quarter of financial year 2012-13. Official sources told APP on Sunday the net size of the Annual Development Programme (ADP 2012-13) is Rs 210 billion out of which Rs 49.592 billion had been released for implementation and completion of development projects. The Punjab government released an amount of Rs 18.945 billion for social sectors, Rs 23.807 billion for Infrastructure Development, Rs 2.557 billion for Production Sectors, Rs 1.388 billion for Services Sector, Rs 2.776 billion for development schemes of Local Government and Rs 0.012 billion for other sectors i.e. Environment, Information & CulLAHORE: A vendor displaying sacrificial animals to attract the customers ahead of ture, Archaeology, Auqaf, HuEidul Azha. man Rights etc.—APP

MRI, cancer diagnostic machines inoperative in Children Hospital

L AHORE —MRI

and Flowcytomitry machines which are used to diagnose cancer among children have been out of order in Children Hospital for years. According to sources on Sunday, the MRI machine has been dysfunctional for one and a half years and patients have to undergo tests at private hospitals which charge around Rs 10,000 per test. Over 10 patients visit the hospital every day for the test but return disappointed. The Flowcytomitry machine which is used to diagnose cancer among children has been out of order for three years and needy children are forced to undergo the test privately which costs highly. Around 10 to 15 patients visit the hospital every day for the test. According to a doctor at the hospital, the test costs Rs 17,000 to Rs 22,000 at private hospitals which is beyond the reach of poor patients. When contacted, hospital officials said they had written many times to the health department to repair the machines but to no avail. Parents of patients have appealed to high-ups of the Punjab health department to look into the matter immediately.—APP

Dacoit gang smashed L AHORE —Saddar Investigation Police smashed an inter-district dacoit gang and arrested its five members. Police also recovered stolen property worth Rs 1.1 million besides seven pistols and mobiles from their possession. SP Saddar Investigation constituted a special police team which arrested the gangsters of Akram alias Kali Masih dacoit gang. Police had traced 44 heinous crimes cases against the accused registered in different districts of the province. The accused were identified as Akram Masih, Idrees Masih, Dawood Masih, Asif and Sohail.—APP


E-Paper October 15, 2012