Page 1

Youm-e-Dua today

Malala shifted to Rawalpindi, 24 hours critical Attackers identified PM visits hospital today 14 more fall prey to Karachi violence

STAFF REPORTER

RAWALPINDI: Malala Yousafzai being shifted to AFIC from an army helicopter after she RAWALPINDI—Malala Yousafzai was airlifted from Peshawar on Thursday. on Thursday was shifted to Rawalpindi hospital as next 24 hours are critical for her, said KARACHI—At least 14 people Governor Khyber Pakhtunkhwa were killed in incidents of Barrister Masood Kausar on violence in different parts of Thursday. Karachi. According to reports, after According to media being shot by Taliban militants reports, a man named Sajjad, along with two other school girls who was wounded in firing in Swat on Tuesday, Malala was incident in Gulshan Hadeed, being treated at the Combined succumbed to his injuries at Military Hospital in Peshawar. South Waziristan tribal regions The militant wing run by the Jinnah Hospital while U PPER O RAKZAI —A US Doctors and family sources Shakirullah has been linked with Aman Ullah who got injured drone attack killed 18 suspected in Fata. “The attack was aimed at the the Haqqani network and Al- say the 14-year-old children during firing at a hotel in militants and injured 15 others Gulistan Jauhar died in in the Orakzai agency on Thurs- compound of Maulana Qaeda. The Hafiz Gul Bahadur Shakirullah, who is the com- group has been repeatedly acHospital. day. In another incident of Four missiles were fired in mander of the Hafiz Gul cused by the US for being intarget killing, Naeem was the Buland Khel area of the Bahadur group of the Tehrik-i- volved in cross-border attacks gunned down in Hill Park Orakzai agency, which is close Taliban Pakistan (TTP),” offi- into Afghanistan. to the borders of the North and cials said. Continued on Page 7

Drone attack claims 18 lives in Orakzai Agency Pakistan lodges protest with US

Continued on Page 7

8 killed, 20 injured in Orakzai blast PESHAWAR—Eight people were killed and 20 injured on Thursday when a improvised explosive device (IED) exploded on Mushti Mela road in Orakzai agency’s Hasanzai Bazar area. According to reports, a passenger van was travellig from Mushti Mela in Central Orakzai to Kalaya area in Lower Orakzai Agency when it was struck by a remotely-

Continued on Page 7

50,000 youth in Punjab to get internship

Armed forces ready to render sacrifices

Mily top brass resolves to fight terrorism STAFF REPORTER RAWALPINDI —Top security and defence chiefs reiterating the resolve to fight the menace of terrorism said Armed Forces of Pakistan are ready to render

any sacrifice. The resolve was expressed at a Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee Meeting (JCSC) held here at the Joint Staff Headquarters. According to ISPR, Gen-

Nawaz sees positive change thru ballot STAFF REPORTER

LAHORE—President Pakistan Muslim League-N, Muhammad SALIM AHMED Nawaz Sharif has said that if any state gets deprived of the trust LAHORE—Punjab Chief Minister, Muhammad Shahbaz and support of the people, alongwith its constitutional, leSharif has said that Punjab Youth Internship Programme gal, democratic and political is a revolutionary step of the Punjab government under which 50 thousand jobless youth would be provided internship in government and non-government institutions. Internship programme will be launched formally from Q UETTA —Chief Justice November 01 and the Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry graduates fulfilling the pre- on Thursday said it was the job Continued on Page 7 of the Frontier Corps (FC) to establish peace in Balochistan. The chief justice made these remarks during the hearing of a petition on the law and order situation and human rights violations in Balochistan at the Su-

role, that state is exposed before the international community, as a weak and defenseless state. He said under dictatorial rule, the state does not belong to the people, but to a single individual, who is neither an elected representative nor ac-

eral Khalid Shameem Wynne, Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee presided over the meeting which was attended by Chief of Army Staff, Gen-

Continued on Page 7

Dr Sher Afgan passes away M IANWALI —Former Law Minister Dr. Sher Afgan Niazi passed away after prolonged illness here at a private hospital on Wednesday.

Continued on Page 7

Peace in Balochistan is FC’s job: CJP preme Court’s Quetta registry. A three-judge bench of the apex court, comprising Chief Justice Iftikhar, Justice Khilji Arif Hussain and Justice Jawwad S. Khawaja, was hearing the petition filed by the Balochistan Bar Association on the law and order situation in the

Continued on Page 7

Niazi suffering from liver cancer was under treatment at a private hospital. He was 66. A medical practitioner by profession, he completed an M.B.B.S degree in 1968 from Nishtar Medical College, Multan. He also served as the

Continued on Page 7

PTI, ANP may form polls alliance JAVED MAHMOOD ISLAMABAD—Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf and Awami National Party are likely to form an alliance in the coming elections to enhance their votebank and to get maximum seats in the National and Pro-vincial Assemblies, sources told Pakistan Observer on Wednesday. The PTI’s growing influence in the KhyberPakhtoonkhwa Province and Pakistan People Party’s strat-

egy to further fortify its alliance with MQM, particularly in Karachi, can motivate the Awami National Party to form an alliance with the PTI, said sources. They said that the recent big rally of Pakistan Te-hrik-e-Insaf at gateway to South Waziristan has brightened the chances of the formation of an alliance between the PTI and ANP. The rally that attracted an unprecedented support from thousands of the people, espe-

cially the young-sters of the KPK also disappointed some parties in the KPK especially both the factions of Jamiat-eUlema-i-Islam, who can face a blow in the upcom-ing elections in case the PTI and ANP contested elections on a joint platform, sources said. Despite Taliban’s threat to target the rally of Imran Khan, thousands of the supporters of PTI, its leaders and workers participated in the rally that reflected the deepening penetra-

tion of the PTI in Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa, sources said. According to political analysts, PTI’s rally has ele-vated the graph of popularity of PTI and image of Imran Khan in the eyes of the general public because, so far, none of the big parties like the PPP, PML(N), PML(Q), ANP, MQM dared to enter Wa-ziristan to stage a big rally against the drone attacks. Pakistan Observer learned that the top leadership of Paki-

Continued on Page 7

rights activist was stable and improving, although still unconscious. Surgeons removed a bullet on Wednesday from her body near her spinal cord during a three-hour operation. “She is still unconscious and kept in the intensive care unit,” said Mumtaz Khan, head of a team of doctors taking care of Yousufzai in a military hospital in Peshawar. Doctors say there was a 70 percent chance that Malala would respond to treatment and not need further surgery.

On Thursday, speaking to reports in Peshawar, the governor said Malala’s operation was successful but she was still in critical state and might be shifted to Rawalpindi where a board of doctors would meet again and examine her condition. The governor appealed to the nation to pray for her recovery. Meanwhile, the Punjab government announced to observe Friday as Yaum-e-Dua (Day of Prayer) for recovery of Malala.

Continued on Page 7

High-level meeting discusses current situation ISLAMABAD—President Asif Ali Zardari Thursday said that it was the responsibility of the state to ensure interior security of the country, and government and public would not be scared of few militant elements. The President said this while speaking during a highlevel meeting held in the Aiwane-Sadr which was also attended by Prime Minister Raja Parvez Ashraf, Chief of Army Staff General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani and other high level officials. For preventing the incidents like attack on Malala Yousafzai,

Continued on Page 7

Spy agency’s ex-officer kidnapped ISLAMABAD—A former highranking officer of a spy agency was kidnapped and his driver shot dead in the federal capital Thursday morning. According to police sources, the abduction was carried out from Islamabad’s DHA, Phase-II, where Pak Continued on Page 7


Power generation, transmission, distribution workshop

Consumers with Rs 0.1m default offered to pay Rs 0.05m P ESHAWA R —Peoples Empowerment & Consultancy Enterprises (PEACE) with the assistance of USAID is holding three-day workshop for KP level advocacy forum on power generation, transmission, distribution policies and procedures. The workshop begun here Thursday in University Town attended by representatives of civil society, journalists, engineers and lawyers. The workshop will be addressed by senior managerial officials of Peshawar Electricity Supply Company (PESCO) and Sarhad Hydel Development Organization (SHYDO). At the end of the workshop a committee will be

World Sight Day observed STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —World Sight Day was observed on Thursday to raise awareness about blindness and vision impairment. World sight day 2012 theme was “The Integrated Eye Care Team - Working Together to Eliminate Avoidable Blindness”. `World Sight Day’ as the name suggests, is a day that is dedicated to pledging perfect vision for every individual on earth. It is an event that receives global attention every year. The agencies involved help bring attention to vision related issues that are plaguing the world. The World Sight Day initiative is organized under the Vision 2020 global initiative. The World Health Organization (WHO), which is the UN’s directing and coordinating authority for health, and the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) are actively involved in coordinating events and activities for World Sight Day. Many communities, associations, and non-government organizations work together with WHO and IAPB to promote the day for the purposes to raise public awareness of blindness and vision impairment as major international public health issues.

formed for preparing policy recommendations. The committee will be comprised of the representatives of civil society, journalists, engineers and lawyers. The committee after hearing briefings from the senior officials of PESCO and SHYDO will prepare recommendations for their resolution. The committee will take its recommendations to both central and provincial governments. On the inaugural day, Director Finance, PESCO, Anwar-ul-Haq gave a detailed presentation on distribution system, line losses, demands and supply remedies overcoming the problems faced by the company

in this regard. He said that after Karachi Electricity Supply Company (KESC), PESCO is second in losses. However, he attributed this to the large number of domestic consumers as compared to higher industrial and commercial consumers of other distribution companies in the country. He said that due to measures taken by the present management, line losses are showing decline and remained at 36 per cent as compare to line losses in the same period of preceding year. Similarly, he said that recovery has also been improved remained 81 per cent as compared to the same

period of the preceding year. He said that majority of the feeders and grid stations are overloaded and for the resolution of the problem the company has prepared long termed action plan. For improvement in recovery, he said that a special package has been announced for both consumers and employees of the company. He said that under the package consumers with Rs.100,000 default have been offered to pay Rs.50,000 and in response their remaining amount will be waived of while employees are being given 10 per cent of the re- PESHAWAR: Association of WAPDA Retired Employees Union KP raising their hands during a protest in favour of covered amount. their demands at hunger camp.

PN establishes free medical camp at Jaffarabad

Over 3500 suffering from various ailments treated STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —Pakistan Navy has established a free medical camp at Usta Muhammad, district Jaffarabad to provide free medical treatment and medicines to the local populace. The medical camp is an extension of Pakistan Navy’s Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HA&DR) efforts to help victims of recent floods in the area. So far, about 3500 patients suffering from various ailments have been treated which include a

large number of women and children. Gynecologist, surgical, medical, eye, ENT (Ear, Nose, Throat) and child specialists and para medical staff are positioned at the camp to provide medical treatment and educate people on prevention from diseases, personal hygiene, sanitation of living areas and mother/child heath related matters. Children are also being vaccinated against epidemics such as diahorrea, cholera, diphtheria and malaria which may break out in the wake of

torrential rains and floods. Deteriorating maternal health is another concerned area to be focused upon. A laboratory and small operation theatre have also been set up for blood, ultrasound, X-ray tests and minor surgeries. Besides medical treatment, Pakistan Navy is also providing ration and relief goods to the flood victims through its own resources. This includes flour, rice, sugar, ghee, clean drinking water and relief goods including clothes, tents, quilts, blankets etc.

M

OSQUITO-borne disease dengue has become a big threat for common man’s life mainly in Lahore and to some extent in other parts of Pakistan. We did not know or even heard about dengue before 2010. But until November 2010, more than 21,204 people were reportedly infected. The severity of the disease was felt in Lahore, the provincial metropolis of Punjab that is still most exposed area to the epidemic. More than 170 people died during that year and that was only because the disease was entirely new and unexpected for the authorities who were trying to cope with the menace while 2011 started and that was

ISLAMABAD—Anti Narcotics Force (ANF) recovered 530 kgs of opium and 360 kgs of chars after encounter with drug traffickers in Balochistan. ANF had received information that some Afghan based drug traffickers would smuggle large quantity of narcotics inside Pakistan for further trafficking to Iran, said a press release issued here on Thursday. ANF made a plan to target the traffickers at Turbat. In the night of October 9/10, ANF saw a land cruiser No. CN6612 coming from Afghanistan side, ANF tried to encircle the smugglers but the smugglers opened fire, after exchange of fire the smugglers disengaged and escaped in the cover of heavy firing leaving behind the loaded vehicle with narcotics. On search the vehicle 530 kgs of opium was recovered from the vehicle.

SHER GONDAL M ANDI B AHAUDDIN —Ef-

M URREE —The Embassy of ISLAMABAD: President Jamhoori Wattan Party Talal Akbar Bugti, Chairman IPO

Comments MOHAMMAD TAZEEN AKHTAR

STAFF REPORTER

Police teams to eliminate criminal mafias

Embassy holds art, speech competition about Japan Japan in collaboration with the Murree Arts Council organized an Art and Speech Competition about Japan on Thursday at the Amphitheatre Murree Arts Council, Murree. The Embassy of Japan in Pakistan has held this event in various cities of Pakistan since 1995. This event was organized for the first time in Murree in which students from different schools in Murree participated. This year marks the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Japan and Pakistan. Two 12 to 14 years-old students from each school drew pictures in the art competition on the themes of their own choice related to Japan and Pakistan. To judge the creativity of young artists, Ms. Ayesha Salman.—INP

ANF seizes 890 kgs narcotics

Hameedullah Jan Afridi and others at a dinner hosted by Salman Aftab.

‘Govt ready to talks with militants’ RAHMATULLAH KHAN P ESHAWA R —The Khyber Minister Information Minister Mian Iftikhar Hussain has reiterated that the government is ready to talk with militants for sake of peace otherwise military operation is must anywhere to eliminate terrorisim. In a press conference here at press club on Thursday, the minister said that they believed in nonviolence and that’s why they are offering the militants to de weaponise themselves and surrender for durable peace otherwise the military operation must be launched against the terrorists any-

where they are present. Responding to a query, he asked the Interior Minister Rehman Malik to disclose and arrest the involved people behind the incident of firing on Malai (Mala Yousafzai) as he (Malik) claimed that he has reached to the terrorists indulged in firing on Mala. “We have already announced Rs 10million for identification of the involved persons,” he informed. Regarding shifting of the injured Mala Yousafzai to Rawalpindi, Mian Iftikhar, who is also spokesman of the provincial government, said that she had been shifted to Rawalpindi for his security and bed rest after facing such

trauma. “She is still in critical conditions as she received bullet in his head. The surgery was successfully operated and now she needs rest. Her two friends Shazia Bibi and Arosa are quickly recovering,” he informed the media men. He asked the nation to offer special prayers for the safety of Mala in their Friday’s prayers. Iftikhar further said that one minute silence would be observed in government and private offices besides in assemblies in the schools to express solidarity with the bereaved family members of Mala and condemn the deadly attack on her.

Dry weather likely I SLAMABAD —Pakistan Me- said a weather report issued teorological Department on Thursday forecast dry weather in most parts of the country during next 24 hours. According to met office, Continental air is prevailing over most parts of the Country. Mainly dry Weather is expected in most parts of the Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and Kashmir. Mainly dry Weather is expected in most parts of GilgitBaltistan, however light rain is also expected at one or two places of GB during next 24 hours. The Quetta Met office has forecast dry weather in Quetta and surrounding areas for next 24hours. On Saturday, the maximum temperature is expected to remain between 27 to 29 Degree Celsius while minimum as 07 to 09 Degree Celsius. On Thursday, highest maximum temperature was recorded as 40.5 Degree Celsius in Lasbella and lowest minimum as 0.5 Celsius at Kalat. The Peshawar Met Office here Friday predicted dry weather for Khyber Pakthunkhwa during next 24 hours. According to Met Office here, continental air is prevailing over most parts of the country. Mainly dry weather is expected in most parts of the country during next 48 hours. Weather remained dry in most parts of the country during last 24 hours. The Met Office has forecast dry weather with hazy/misty morning in the city during the next 24 hour,

on Thursday. According to the weather report, maximum temperature in the port city would remain in the range of 32 to 34 degree centigrade and minimum in the range of 22 to 24 degree centigrade during the next 24 hours. It added that mainly hot and dry weather is likely to prevail elsewhere in the region. However, night may likely the cold in Kalat and Quetta division of

Balochistan. In the weather report issued on Thursday the meteorological department official said dry continental air would continue to prevail over Sindh and Balochistan. Weather was further reported to had remained dry and hot in the region on Wednesday and Thursday. The Quetta Met Office has forecast a dry weather for the city on Friday with the maximum temperature expected to range between 27 degrees Centigrade and 29 degrees Centigrade. Dry weather has been forecast for the rest of the region. On Thursday, the highest temperature of 40 C was recorded at Turbat and the lowest of 4 C at Kalat Hill Station.—APP

ing 20th to 28th September with specific objectives of disseminating and exchanging information and to establish trade relations. We had a discussion with the experts at the residence of the ambassador in which they shared their experiences of their visit and strategy that Cuba is following to control the disease. Dr Aramìs Martinez Arias is dengue control consultant in Cuba and have a vast experience in his field. He said heat, humidity and abundant rain create the ideal breeding ground for the proliferation of the mosquito, which transmits dangerous diseases such as dengue and yellow fever. “Cuba con-

trolled the dengue fever through vector control, larvae control, community involvement and case management,” he held. Dr Martinez suggested entomologists and other experts should collectively work to fight the disease. “The government is responsible only for providing resources, while the private sector is primarily responsible for moving forward and collaborating in controlling the disease,” he added. Dr Martinez further said Pakistani experts should be well aware of the habits of the dengue mosquito. “In 2006, the dengue mosquito in Cuba changed its habits and breeding sites,” said the Cuban expert. Dr Aramis Martinez Arias said that we

STAFF REPORTER PESHAWAR—Wapda employees staged a protest demonstration against the government for its failure in recovery of the kidnapped Pesco and Tesco employees. The employees of Pakistan Wadpa Hydro Electric Central Labour Union (PWHECLU-CBA) led by its leaders central Chairman Gohar Taj, provincial chairman Haji Mohammad Iqbal and general secretary Mustajab Mazdoor Yar held the demos here opposite cantt Railway Station on Thursday. Holding banner and placards inscribed with slogans in favour of their demands as to release the kidnapped wapda employees and against the government, they were raising slogans for recovery of the employees. Speaking on the occasion, they informed that three employees of Peshawar Electric Supply Company (pesco) including Mohammad Fayyaz, Ameer Khan and Sohail Ahmad had been picked up on January 31 2012 from Badh Ber area while the rest of Tribal Electric Supply Company (tesco) Rahim Dad (Driver) and Javed Iqbal (LS-II) kidnapped on October 05 from Wana Waziristan Agency. The employees, they said were still in the captives of the kidnappers and despite dozens of protests by the union for their recovery, the government failed in their release.

forts continue to reform police in a way as to enable it to crush all types of mafia and ensure protection of citizens and their property, said Gujranwala RPO at DPO office here while talking to media persons and lawyers delegation. He said in first phase police teams comprising an ASI and three constables each, equipped with motorbikes were organized at union council level. Such police teams remain present in their respective union council areas and on receiving information about violation of law reach the spot forthwith and take action against the violators. This measure, he said had proved fruitful with regard to controlling land mafia and reducing crimes in the district. He said in second phase he planned to turn police stations as models. To begin with Phalia Police station had been chosen for making it as a model. Police station staff including SHO would be imparted training to conduct investigation DERA GHAZI KHAN: A large number of people throng cattle market to buy sacrificial animals at the market of Kot Chatta near Indus Highway. using latest techniques.

Pakistan, Cuba together to curb dengue the worst year in the medical history of Pakistan especially the Punjab over 300 people fell prey to the disease and over 14,000 were infected. Majority of the people infected were again from the Lahore area including a few cases in Rawalpindi, Karachi and other cities. Ambassador of Cuba Mr. Jesús Zenén Buergo Concepción arranged an interaction between the experts of both countries and in this regard a Cuban medical company Labiofam conducted exchange of technical experience from recent research results in the field of science and technology. Dr Aramìs Martinez Arias and Dr Jorge Luis Martínez López visited Pakistan dur-

Wapda employees protest privatization

receive some cases every year in Cuba but no death has been occurred since 2006. We emphasis on larva control rather than mosquito killing. It is easy and economic and more effective. Mainly our way of curing the victim is the same as it is in Pakistan. The victim is isolated in nets and kept in intensive care. New thing that we observed in Punjab is information collection process in which details of the victims are recorded and used accordingly. To a question about Pakistan, he said, Pakistan is a nice and beautiful country and we wish to come again and spend at least a whole month here. We have many common things, culture , hospitality, humanity

etc. We found it easy to work with Pakistanis. People are well aware of dengue that impressed us. Dr Jorge Luis Martinez Lopez told about alternative cancer treatment from a toxin derived from scorpion. He said that so far the toxin has given much better results. We examined clinical tests of 65 patients and found that they are recovering rapidly. The toxin is being used world over including USA, China, Greece, Italy and Mexico. After developing a vaccine to improve the life of cancer patients starting from scorpion venom, Cuba will present new breakthroughs on that subject next year. Three new

projects derived from scorpion venom were presented at the 2nd International Congress of its laboratories, in September 2012. Cuban company Labiofam developed drug Vidatox 30 CH from the toxin of the blue scorpion.It is about achieving a product for cancer treatment derived from the toxin, for the recovery of the sick, even for the prophylaxis of people from families with a predisposition to cancer. Dr Jorge Luis Martinez Lopez said It’s a product with analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties successfully applied in human beings for three years, after being experimented on biological mod-

els. The expert affirmed that the compound can be used in the treatment of all type of cancer, mainly in the breast, liver, brain, prostate and lung variants, and assured that it increases survival and improves the quality of life of cancer patients and avoids metastasis. Ambassador Mr Jesus Zenen Buergo Concepcion said that any agreement or MoU regarding dengue is possible. We are working together. Chairman Senate Mr Nayyar Bukhari led a parliamentary delegation a few weeks ago. Hawana is hosting a trade delegation from Pakistan in November this year. It is for the first time that a Pakistani trade delegation would be visiting Cuba. We are in touch and in contact. Both countries have great potential and we look forward to further cooperation and relations.


Anti-SPLGO protests continue ANP supports govt Staff Reporter

I S L A M A B A D —The Awami National Party (ANP) reiterated its resolve to continue to support the coalition government and hoped it would complete its term. This was stated by Senator Zahid Khan, who was a delegation of ANP legislators, which called on Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf here at the Prime Minister’s House. Talking to the legislators, the Prime Minister said that the ANP had supported the coalition government led by Pakistan Peoples Party through thick and thin. “We value this support and contribution of the ANP,” he added. During the meeting, it was decided that the gas produced in northern areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, especially “Tull”, would be provided to the local population as per constitutional provision. The Prime Minister said that the government was committed to the development of the country and ensuring allocation of reasonable funds for the completion of development projects. The ANP delegation expressed the hope that the government would complete its term successfully. The Prime Minister expressed confidence that the ANP legislators would continue to play their role in the Parliament and actively participate in the legislative business. The ANP delegation also apprised the Prime Minister about the status of development projects in their areas. The delegation included Senators Abdul Nabi Banghsh, Haji Mohammad Adeel, Ilyas Ahmad Bilour, Afrasiab Khattak, Mrs Farah Aqil, Shahi Syed, Mrs. Zahida Khan, Amar Jeet, M. Daud Khan Achakzai, MNAs Haji Ghulam Ahmad Bilour, Arbab M. Zahir, Masood Abbas, Hamayat Ullah Mayar, Pervez Khan, Pir Dilawar Shah, Syed Haider Ali Shah, Ms. Bushra Gohar, Ms. Jamila Gilani and Mrs. Khurshid Begum.

Ghurki condemns attack on Malala Staff Reporter

ISLAMABAD—Federal Minister for National Heritage and Integration, Samina Khalid Ghurki strongly condemned the attack on Malala Yousafzai and termed it a cowardly act on the part of terrorists who want to demoralize the people of the country. While praying for her early recovery, the Federal Minister said that nation is proud of Malala’s courage and boldness to speak against the evil. She was of the opinion that whole of the nation is standing with her and is prepared to provide moral and material support to her in this time of crisis. The Federal Minister further added that certain anti-peace and anti-state elements want to kill all those who are sincere for the restoration of peace in the country, this sort of ruthless attack show their internal cowardice and dwarfism. The Federal Minister paid a tribute to the courage and outstanding services of Malala Yousafzai for the promotion of peace even in extremely hostile conditions. Meanwhile, Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting Syed Sumsam Bukhari said that terrorist attack on Malala Yousufzai was an inhuman act and against the Islamic teachings. He urged all the political and religious leaders to play their role to eliminate the fanatic thoughts of extremists from the society. Talking to a private television channel, Sumsam said that the attack was aimed at defaming Islam. No one can forcefully impose his thoughts on others, he added. PPP respects judiciary: Pakistan Peoples Party leader and MNA Mehreen Anwar Raja said that PPP always respected the judiciary and its verdicts.

PPP believes in democratic values Our Correspondent

ISLAMABAD—Chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) Bilawal Bhutto Zardari said that the PPP had a long history of struggle for achieving the universal values of democracy in the country. The PPP Chairman, in an interview with the Council of Europe website, paid rich tribute to Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto and said that she left an everlasting impression by laying down her life following a long and hard struggle for democracy in Pakistan. He said that though democracy was nascent in the country, yet it shared democratic values with the world. He said Shaheed Benazir Bhutto fulfilled the wishes of her father Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who also struggled throughout his life for the cause of democracy in the country against the dictator. He said that Shaheed Benazir Bhutto first struggled for democracy during Zia-ul-Haq’s regime and then during Pervez Musharraf’s period. She also raised her voice against terrorism and extremism, he added. He said during her struggle for democracy, Benazir Bhutto faced imprisonment, solitary confinement and exile. She faced all the hardships bravely, she added. Replying to a question, Bilawal said that the present government had worked on several important legislation, like legislation to protect women rights, legislation against domestic violence and legislation against harassment. Bilawal Bhutto condemned the attack on the life of Pakistan’s youngest Peace Award winner Malala Yousafzai and called for all those still living in denial to wake up and stand united against the threats Pakistan faced from within. “It is our duty as Pakistanis to stand by our brothers and sisters.

UAF to hold outreach activities Our Correspondent

NAZIR SIYAL LARKANA—The nationalists and political parties’ protests and rallies are continuing in the province against the Sindh People’s Local Government Ordinance (SPLGO) on Thursday. A large number of activists of nationalists and political parties among Sindh United Party (SUP), Awami Tehreek, Jeay Sindh Qaumi Mahaz (JSQM), Jeay Sindh Taraqi Pasand Party (JSTPP), Pakistan Muslim League (N), Pakistan Muslim League F and Q, Jeay Sindh Qaum Parast Party, (JSQP), Jamiat Ulemae-Islam (JUI), Jamait Tulbae- Islam (JTI), Suni Tehreek,

ANP and others observed protests and rallies in different parts of districts in Sindh. On Thursday, JUI took out a rally of motorcylists from Waggan city and Jamiat Tulba-e-Islam (JTI) also started a long March rally from Kamber-Shahdadkot district via Larkana to Sukkur. Hundreds of activists rally “Sindh Bachayo on motorcyles” led by Central leader Abdul Razzak Lakho and Molana Gul Inqlabi and others. They chanted slogans against the government and the shouted ‘Marsoon Marsoon Sindh Na Desso’ slogans at Indus Highway and blocked it for several hours on the occasion. While, other the JTI from Kamber-Shahdadkot

started their March via Larkana to Sukkur against the SPLGO. In Larkana, KamberShahdakot, Jacobabad, Shikarpur, Dadu, Ratodero, Mirokhan, Warrah, Nasirabad, Mehar, Dokri, Badah and other small towns protests and rallies against SPLGO continued by the nationalists and political parties. Earlier, Sindh Law Minister Ayaz Soomro has criticized the Nationalists and the opponent political parties defying the SPLGO due to their wicked approach and double standard policies against the ruling PPP, we challenge them for open dialogue. Addressing the first Press Conference in a high level security at Circuit House

Larkana after hand grenade attacks on residences of PPP Ministers and parliamentarians, Law Minister Sindh said that they should protest peacefully but their illegal actions will be faced legal actions against all Nationalists and their supporters, if they will barged any illegalities Ayaz said. Ayaz Soomro warned the Nationalists that they want bloodshed in the motherland but they will not succeed in their nepharious designs against the democratic government and PPP will complete its tenure he said. He further said that they would also protest like a hanging the bangles and they will do the same at Hyder Mazil, but they

respect G. M Sayed, who also passed first resolution of Pakistan during the independence. He said about Rasool Bux Paleejo wanted a Senator ship but the PPP will offer the same to his basic worker he said. Ayaz Soomro highlighted that CrPc is under the federal government powers and all concerned powers delegate very clearly in the Sindh peoples local government Ordinance (SPLGO), there is no any superiority of the Mayor in Karachi or without the consent of concerned Commissioners and Deputy Commissioners as well the revenue orders as accordingly. He said they will not re-

but to show their evil actions due to their illegalities, because their struggle believe in the democracy and will of the masses, if they want to participate in forthcoming election there is an open ground for them to come and participate peacefully. Soomro further said that PPP believe in true democracy and the bombs and other portrait burning threats will not bend them to wave-off their struggle, adding that the nationalists should remain calm and show their strength peaceful protests not by any threats of blasts, which could harm the Sindhi population their and we all parliamentarians are Sindhis also.

PFMR to improve masses lives thru transparency STAFF REPORTER P ESHAWAR —The

Khyber PakhtunKhwa Minister for Finance Engr. Mohammad Humayun Khan has said that the provincial government has embarked-upon Public Financial Management Reforms (PFMR) that aims to improve life of its people through efficiency, transparency and citizen participation particularly in education and health sectors. He expressed these views in a day-long seminar on the eve of launching District Conditional Grants, held at Islamabad Club Auditorium under the auspices of government of KP on Thursday. The seminar besides KP Minister for Education Sardar Hussain Babak was also addressed by MPA Israrullalh QUETTA: Activists of Pakhtunkhwa Students Organization chating slogans during a protest demonstration against Gandapur, British High Commissioner Adam Thomsun. terrorists’ attacks on Malala in Swat.

BISP providing special assistance to disabled OUR CORRESPONDENT H U N Z A —Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) has provided a special compensation package to the families with one or more disable persons. This was stated by Deputy Director BISP Mehboob Alam while talking to media here Thursday. He said the deserving families falling just above the criteria had been given the right to appeal through BISP’s Grievance Redressal System so that more and more of them could be included in the programme. He said the Grievance Redressal Mechanism was a comprehensive online system to resolve all the inclusion and exclusion errors along with resolving complaints

by the beneficiaries. He said the Benazir Income Support Programme was serving the masses without any discrimination. Alam said the programme would help reducing poverty from the region. BISP providing safety net to bottom 25% population: Earlier, Federal Minister and Chairperson Benazir Income Support Program (BISP), Farzana Raja on Wednesday said that BISP is providing a safety net to the bottom 25% population of country as cushion against the rising prices of food and fuel. Addressing the annual Dr. Akhter Hameed Khan Memorial Lecture here, Farzana Raja said that this initiative is aiming to enable poor families to maintain essential consumption pattern.

EMO service launched OUR CORRESPONDENT A TTOCK —Pakistan Post is utilizing all available resources to provide maximum facilities to the masses besides making efforts to bring it at par with other private courier services. This was stated by Divisional Superintendent Post Offices Naseem Bibi while addressing a function held in connection with launching of Electronic Money Order (EMO) Service here at GPO. District Coordination Officer (DCO) Usman Ahmad Chaudhry was the chief guest while the District Police Officer (DPO) Muhammad Hilal Khan, Senior Post Master Azhar Iqbal, ADLG Muhammad Ali Randhawa and Assistant Commissioner Iftikhar Alam were also present on the occasion.

On the occasion, Secretary Finance, Sahibzada Saeed Ahmad Khan updated the participants on the PFM reforms undertaken by the government and the problems/issues necessitating these reforms. The Additional Secretary Finance shared the basic concepts of conditional grants mechanism as introduced under the policy frame work of Output Based Budgeting. The representatives of USAID, World Bank, Deloitte Pakistan and officials of KP Finance, P & D, Health and Education departments were also present. Humayun said that this policy adopted by the KP government was to addressed the genuine needs of the people by aligning strategic planning and budgeting for utmost service delivery to the masses adding that most important.

Khosa assures best treatment to Malala Yusufzai STAFF REPORTER P E S H AWA R — G o v e r n o r Punjab, Sardar Latif Khosa Thursday inquired after health of national peace award winner Malala Yusufzai here at CMH and said Malala Yusufzai is daughter of Pakistan and the government would provide her with best medical facilities. Praying for her early recovery, he said that her condition is stabilizing and she has shifted to Rawalpindi for further medical treatment. Strongly condemning the attack on Malala Yusufzai, the

Governor Punjab said that it was a desperate and brutal act of terrorism and against the traditions of Pakhtun society, adding that the whole nation is praying for her recovery. Talking to her at Governor House here, he said that President Asif Ali Zardari has directed him to inquire after her health and convey his (President) wishes to her parents. Talking to media, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor Barrister Masood Kausar also condemned the terrorist attack on Malala and said it was against the traditions of Pakhtuns and the whole na-

tion is united against terrorism. He said that the present government has the credit to unite the whole nation in the war against terror and attain remarkable achievements in this war. He disclosed that the attackers have been identified and soon they would be brought to justice. Meanwhile, Senior Provincial Minister of Sindh Pir Mazherul Haq visited Peshawar to inquire after Malala and also condemned terrorist attack on her. He sympathized with the affected family on behalf of Sindh government.

Protest against tariff hike

Over 5000 farmers refuse to pay electricity bills M U LTA N —Over

5000 tubewells-consumers have not payed electricity bills in Mepco region for last two months in order to register their protest against hike in electricity tariff. This was stated by Chairman Majlise-Shura Pakistan Kissan Ittehad Riaz Ahmed while talking to APP here Thursday. He told, farmers had paid Rs 4.55 per unit during month of May last and rates got double in June and Rs 13 per unit during peak tim-

ings. He added, farmers are facing financial hardship due to hike in electricity tariff and low prices of cotton, sugarcane and other commodities. He told, over 5000 farmers as protest had not paid their bills for last two months. Meanwhile, President Pakistan Kissan Ittehad Ch.Mohammad Anwar said that farmers community would launch countrywide protest against electricity prices for agri tubewells. He demanded of government to take notice

of farmers plight as the electricity issue would be blow to agriculture sector. When contacted Mepco spokesperson Jamshaid Niazi, he told, there were over 60,000 tubewells consumers in the region. He said, agri tubewells consumers were default of Rs 1.5 billions. He told that connection of the consumers would be disconnected, in case they TANK: Operation Commander of South Waziristan Maj Gen Muhammad Hayat and failed to deposit pending bills. Chief Secretary, KP, Ghulam Dastagir Khan giving away certificate to a man arrested in He said that some farmers operation against terrorists after he completed his training under Hila Programme. were resisting in making payments. —APP

F AISALABAD —University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF) will hold outreach activities across the province aiming at transfer knowledge and skills at grass root level. This was announced by Prof. Dr. Iqrar Ahmad Khan Vice Chancellor while addressing the participants of concluding ceremony of 7-day Rabi Festival, World Space Week and Youth Festival here at D-Ground of the University. Dr Iqrar A Khan said that after orOUR CORRESPONDENT ganizing a series of outreach activities under Rabi and FAISALABAD —Board of DiKharif festivals at main campus and other parts of the province, now it has become a community event with plenty of rectors (BOD) Faisalabad ownership among all the stakeholders. He urged the need Electric Supply Company to re-mobilize the energy and passion to organize more (FESCO) has approved an outreach activities at regional level to benefit the rural agreement between FESCO masses by uplifting the living standards and boosting the and Faisalabad Institute of rural economy as well. He described the festival a powerCardiology (FIC) to provide ful tool of learning as well as an entrepreneurial activity specialized heart related treatthat causes various new business enterprises in the counment to serving and retired try. Dr. Iqrar Ahmad Khan felicitated the conveners and WAPDA officials. The apmembers of the organizing committees for conducting a proval was given in a meetsuccessful show for locals. He was of the view that during ing chaired by Chairman the last seven days people from all walks of life thronged Chaudhary Nadeem Aftab towards university that made the festival a real success. Sindhu here. According to He revealed that UAF is going to organize an Egg Day on the board, the FESCO emOctober 12 and a Mega Goat Show from October 19 to 21, ployees were getting cardiac 2012 aiming at providing the opportunity to both people treatment from Punjab Instiinvolve in animal production and buyers of sacrificial anitute of Cardiology (PIC) mals in an environment of better marketing and purchasLahore which was creating ing at affordable and competitive prizes in the heart of the transport problems for the city. Convener Rabi Festival Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ashfaq CHAMAN: Levies forces personnel patrolling at Pak-Afghan border area on motor- patients and their attendants. cycle in plane clothes. thanked the organizing committees. The board also unani-

FESCO approves agreement for cardiac treatment with FIC mously approved a training policy for the FESCO employees. Under this policy, new high-tech technology would be adopted to increase the overall efficiency of FESCO employees in addition to arresting line losses increasing, recovery, stabilizing distribution system and facilitating FESCO consumers. Acting Director General Human Resources Nasar Hayat Maken briefed the board and said the FESCO Distribution Control Center (DCC) was working round the clock in different shifts. He said the staff of other Distribution Companies (DISCOs) including LESCO (Lahore), PESCO (Peshawar), GEPCO (Gurjranwala), MEPCO (Multan) and IESCO

(Islamabad) was getting 10% of their basic pay as special allowance. Hence the board also approved this allowance to DCC staff of FESCO. The board also approved a transparent and merit based selection of workshops for the repair and maintenance of FESCO vehicles, in this connection proper ad would be given for the selection of workshops, he added. The board also approved external electrification of three Marla housing scheme Bhakkar in best public interest. The board was told that Aminpur feeder emanating from 132-KV Narwala grid station has 260 Amp load, its length is 75.1 KM while Langrana feeder with 310 Amp load has length of 35.2 KM.


Govt. ultimately bows before SC

MEDIA WATCH

Malala Yousafzai’s courage

A

FTER about three years of high pitched drama that massively attracted attention, the curtain dropped on Wednesday when the Government ultimately bowed before the Supreme Court and decided to write a letter to the Swiss authorities for opening of graft cases. The judiciary too showed remarkable magnanimity in granting muchneeded time and relaxations to the government which paved the way for an amicable solution to the lingering case. The outcome of the case has belied the impression being created for the last three years that the judiciary was pursuing personal vendetta and instead proved beyond any doubt that it wanted rule of law and supremacy of the Constitution. The moment the Government met the minimum requirements the Supreme Court bench took no time in bringing the matter to an end. It is indeed a healthy development and one wished this should have taken place much earlier. Immediately after the news spread that the Supreme Court has approved the draft letter presented by the Government, there was a salutary impact on the economic and commercial activities as was reflected by one hundred point increase in KSE index. People too have heaved a sigh of relief and the development has sent positive signals around the globe as a state of uncertainty has ended. Though in real sense, the benefit has gone to President Asif Ali Zardari but the sword hanging over the head of Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf too is no more there and he can now fulfil his dreams and implement his agenda during the next few months before general elections. He has already initiated a number of good programmes and plans and hopefully he will come out with something worthwhile for the masses that are groaning under price-hike and living under constant fear because of break down in law and order situation. We also expect that the maturity shown in dealing with the judiciary would also be extended in dealing with the opposition and important issues like appointment of a neutral caretaker set up and other election related issues would be sorted in a spirit of large-heartedness and reconciliation.

All Taliban are not ‘Zaliman’ Mr. Malik P

EOPLE of Pakistan are still in a state of shock over gruesome attack on young peace and education activist Malala Yousafzai and the dastardly act is being condemned with one voice by the entire nation. The incident was so brutal that it evoked similar reaction from around the globe with leaders including President Obama condemning it and offering every possible assistance for provision of best possible medical treatment to the critically injured Malala. The anger of people of Pakistan is quite understandable as there was absolutely no justification for targeting the girl and that too for a cause that is dear to everyone. The attack on an innocent girl has further exposed the real intentions and motives of Taliban, who have accepted responsibility of the life attempt, and deprived them of any remaining pockets of sympathy and support. Hopefully, the sacrifice of Malala would lead to a sustained movement culminating in total elimination of extremists both physically and in terms of mindset. Interior Minister Rehman Malik, who is always hyper intensive in reacting to such developments, while speaking in the Senate on Wednesday, urged that from now onwards everyone should call ‘Taliban’ as ‘Zaliman’ (Cruels). There can be no two opinions that those who committed this heinous crime are indeed cruel people and needed to be dealt with severely but it would also be an extremism to describe the entire Taliban lot as ‘Zaliman’. This is because Talib means a student pursuing knowledge and majority of Taliban are peace-loving and committed to the true spirit of the religion. To bracket them as well with those who are fit to be categorized as ‘Zaliman’would mean pushing them to the wall and denting them psychologically in the society. This myopic approach would fuel more resentment and therefore, prudence demands that instead of beating about the bush we should launch a comprehensive multidirectional programme of reformation and correction for mainstreaming of those who are influenced by extremists for whatever reason.

Syrian crisis sucking in neighbours T

HE 19-month old Syrian conflict suggests an escalation in tension and there are dangers that it would suck in the neighbouring countries. The stubbornness of President Bashr al Asad to find an amicable solution to the worsening situation leading to deaths of dozens of people daily in fighting and bombing of civilian population centres have forced tens of thousands of people to run for safety in neighbouring Turkey and Jordan. The United States has sent more troops to bolster trusted ally Jordan’s military capabilities in the event that violence escalates along its border with Syria. Turkish armed forces have also increased their presence along the 900 km border after shelling from the Syrians in the past few weeks. Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan has very timely and rightly warned Damascus not to test Turkey’s patience and vowed that Ankara would not tolerate such acts. Prime Minister Erdogan said on Friday that his country did not want war but warned Syria not to make a ‘fatal mistake’ by testing its resolve. Certainly Ankara is justified in taking a strong stand and country’s Chief of General Staff Gen. Necdet Ozel on Wednesday vowed to give a harsher response if shelling from the neighbouring country continued to spill over the border after last week’s deadly incident which left five Turks dead in a border town. The shelling from Syria is an indication that the civil war could spill across the borders and become a regional conflict. The Syrian uprising is no different in principle from those in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya but the ongoing civil war has all the potential to engulf the entire region. In this situation, we would urge the UN Secretary General to act fast and find an amicable solution of the problem in order to prevent a bloody regional conflict that could destabilize the entire Middle East.

Hurmat Group Zahid Malik President & Editor-in-Chief Faisal Zahid Malik Editor Ph: 021-32211777, 32631102

Gauhar Zahid Malik Executive Editor Ph: 051-2852027-8

Islamabad Ph Exchange: 051-2852027, 2852028 Reporting Desk: 051-2262254, News Desk: 051-2252480 Marketing: 051-2262254, Fax: 051-2262258 Email: observer@pakobserver.net Internet: www.pakobserver.net

Karachi

Lahore

Faisal Zahid Malik

Nadeem Syed

Editor Ph: 021-32211777, 32631102 Fax: 021-32626902 Email: obskhi@pakobserver.net

Quetta Ghulam Tahir Resident Editor Ph: 081-2829238-40 Fax: 081-2829072 Mobile: 0333-7944760

Resident Editor Ph: 042-37593341, 37566702 Fax: 042-36300043 Email: obslhr@pakobserver.net

Peshawar Resident Editor Ph: 091-5252157 Fax: 2591705

Muzaffarabad Abdul Hameed Shaheen Resident Editor Ph: 051-2852027-8 Email: abdulhameedshaheen@yahoo.com

I

India’s Julian Assange that they and their families get heavily involved in trade and commerce. In times past, the Indian caste system created a firewall between those who governed a country M D Nalapat and those who did business. Those Email: mgnalapat@gmail.com who drew up the code many thousands of years ago understood that power was likely to rvind Kejriwal joined the In be abused, if harnessed in the service come-tax Department, of moneymaking. However, these which has the distinction of days, across the world, money and being one of the most corrupt de- power go hand in hand. Only a milpartments in the Government of lionaire such as Mitt Romney could India, second only to the anti-cor- have won the Republican nomination ruption watchdog, the Central Bu- for President of the US, succeeding reau of Investigation (CBI). Al- another scion of a wealthy family, though there are indeed honest of- George W Bush. As for Bill Clinton, ficers within the Income-tax De- although he started off in life in a partment, few of those manage to hardscrabble way, by now he has reach the higher levels of the ser- amassed about $100 billion in donavice. Instead, they watch helplessly tions to his numerous foundations, a as politicians manipulate the ascent lot of the money coming from donors of officers known to be pliable. The based in the GCC, who are traditionIndian political class, which to date ally generous with their money. As has refused to surrender the vast for President Obama, while in his legal powers of the British colonial (disastrous) debate with Mitt Romstate, uses Income-tax as a means ney he equated the two in wealth, the of harassing opponents. Any officer fact is that Obama is a pauper comhas the legal right (under British- pared to Romney, although of course era law reinforced by fresh edicts much richer since he became a Senaenhancing the discretion given to tor, with most of the money coming the state and cutting to insignifi- from royalties accruing from his cance the rights of the citizen) to many books. demand of a taxpayer that she or he Despite the coyness of Mitt Romcome up with financial records that ney in revealing financial details, the are many years old. Except for ac- reality is that US politicians are much countants - and crooks, who are more transparent about their assets usually meticulous in keeping than are their counterparts in India. (false) records - most normal indi- The country’s most powerful politividuals of moderate income spare cian. Sonia Gandhi, travels abroad themselves the bother of keeping frequently on corporate jets and stays records of their few transactions. in pricey hotels, often with several Business, because these days, family members in tow. Yet for the almost all leading politicians ensure record, Sonia does not have an auto-

Geopolitical notes from India

A

mobile or even a decent television set! Of course, the Income-tax authorities dare not ask her or her family members any questions, for fear of the officers responsible getting subjected to vindictive action, despite her sonin-law (for instance) being worth at least $100 million despite having no obvious intellectual advantages. Each time there is an expose of the wealth of a politician (and these are few, given the reality of instant retaliation against the whistle-blower), the cry from politicians across the spectrum is that the individual making the revelations ought to have “gone through the system”. Of course, those giving such advice are not unaware that court processes in India take decades to complete, besides burning away so much time and money that a legal battle becomes a whole-time occupation that can send a person into penury faster than a major illness does. The fact is that 99% of political wrongdoers in India escape legal accountability for their depredations. Their only punishment is bad publicity, which too is rare, given the fact that most media outlets shy away from exposing the foibles and the misdeameanours of the truly powerful. When excerpts from the telephone conversations of a well-connected lobbyist, Niraa Radia, surfaced some years ago (allegedly via a telecom company which sought to protect its monopoly against newcomers), there was a hue and cry agains the “breach of privacy” involved. Even today, the full tapes have not been made public. Had India been as much of a democracy as the US, soon after the Radia tapes became known, a book would hsve been published giving the full trabscripts.In India,a country where courts routinely block publication of material found offensive to a few,this will not happen. Indeed,there are many Niraa Radias who in tapped conversations reveal the sleazy un-

derside of policymaking in India. However,their conversations are kept secret by agencies eager to protect not the average citizen but their political and bureaucratic bosses.Sadly,rather than expand the boundaries of freedom of speech,even courts in India move in the opposite direction.Recently a Supreme Court bench under then Chief Justice Kapadia in effect gave liberty to influential individuals to (supposedly temporarily) stop publication of facts damaging to themseves by decreeing that there were sharp (though undefined) limits to press freedom.The fact is that in a country drowning in corruption such as India,freedom of speech and of the press needs to be expanded rather than curtailed. Enter Arvind Kesjriwal.The youthful crusader has become an Indian version of Julian Assange,with anonymous officials giving him information on wrongdoing by the powerful. Because of the popularity of those involved in the anti-corruption crusade,media outlets are afraid to censor the Kejriwals. According to friends of his,the anti-corruption activist has detailed reports on the wrongdoing of several influential politicians, including (opposition) BJP President Nitin Gadkari and BJP Chief Ministers Arjun Munda and Raman Singh,besides several from the ruling coalition. Hopefully, Kejriwal will not lose his nerve and halt his exposes.Hopefully he will not cherry-pick his targets but release all the information that has come into his possession. The country needs to know the truth about the few who are running - or rather,ruining - the country in their name. —The writer is Vice-Chair, Manipal Advanced Research Group, UNESCO Peace Chair & Professor of Geopolitics, Manipal University, Haryana State, India.

China’s new aircraft carrier been to test the ship’s propulsion, communications and navigation systems; but Sultan M Hali launching and reEmail: sm_hali@yahoo.com covering fixedwing aircraft at sea is a complex operation. It will take years to build hina joined the exclusive the proper aircraft, to train pilots to club of navies operating air land in adverse weather on a moving craft carriers with the unveil- deck, and to develop a proper carrier ing of Liaoning, a former Soviet battle group (CBG). China is develUnion carrier. The vessel was com- oping a carrier-based fighter-bomber, missioned in the last years of the the J-15, derivative of Russian Sukhoi Soviet Union, where it was known Su-33, along with a prototype stealth as the Varyag, before being sold to carrier fighter, the J-31. China is also Chinese buyers by the government building two more indigenously deof Ukraine in 1998; but over recent signed aircraft carriers which should years, the carrier, which at 67,500 be inducted by 2020, while the ultitons is the same type as those still mate plan is for the acquisition of five used by the Russian Navy, and aircraft carriers. The commissioning smaller only than the United States’ of Liaoning is just the beginning as Enterprise and Nimitz-class vessels, the People’s Liberation Army Navy has been thoroughly retrofitted in (PLAN) is entering a new discipline the northeastern Chinese naval base of establishing a CBG. China is a late in Dalian, a port city in northeast entrant into the aircraft carrier club. China’s Liaoning province, where In an age where defence pundits the handover ceremony took place are denouncing maintaining aircraft on the morning of September 25, carriers, China builds its case for the 2012 , with top Chinese leaders pre- acquisition of carriers on the logic that siding. it allows a nation to take air power Till the launching of Liaoning, around the globe without having to China was the only permanent worry about countries in between member of the United Nations Se- who might refuse the use of ground curity Council, which did not pos- bases or airspace. It argues that carrisess an aircraft carrier. However, ers need not be perceived as weapChinese leadership stressed that the ons only but have peaceful uses, unveiling of Liaoning is not a sta- which was demonstrated by their extus symbol as some of China’s de- tensive use to rescue and aid the Tsutractors have been declaring. The nami victims and other catastrophe 300 meters long carrier is currently and calamity hit regions. devoid of operational aircraft and China’s South East Asian will be used for training. So far the neighbours have been wary of its flextrial runs of the aircraft carrier have ing its muscles but the aircraft car-

C

rier does not enhance that power projection. China is already troubled by a number of territorial disputes. With Japan’s illegal occupation of the islands known as the Diaoyu in China and the Senkaku in Japan, tension is running high. The Spratly and Paracel archipelago are two groups of largely uninhabited islands located within the South China Sea, which are basically Chinese territory but are subject to a complex territorial dispute involving the surrounding countries. If Southeast Asians are worried that the new carrier could be used to assert Beijing’s maritime claims in the region, based on their recent standoff with the Peoples’ Republic of China, this worry could be exaggerated. PRC has been relying increasingly on lightly-equipped civilian law-enforcement vessels for such functions instead of PLAN warships and this trend is projected to continue as China rapidly builds up such capacities. In times when its emergence as a great power has come under intense international scrutiny, the last thing Beijing would want is to be seen as overly aggressive by exploiting its newfound naval might. The deliberate low-profile induction of this first aircraft carrier is one such gesture of China’s reluctance to be portrayed as using disproportionate force in its pursuit of settling territorial disputes with its neigbours. Also, rather than an aircraft carrier in the South China Sea, greater efficacy and credibility can be achieved through ‘less glamorous’ power projection capabilities such as Beijing’s rapidly expanding amphibious assault forces, or fourthgeneration land-based airpower supported by mid-air refueling aircraft. That would provide more immediate ramifications to the regional naval

balance. In the shorter term, these aspects instead of the carrier programme deserve greater attention of China’s Southeast Asian neighbours. With US and Indian aircraft carriers lurking in the South China Sea, Beijing has specifically declared that the intended role for the carrier is to help safeguard China’s coastline and keep its sea lines of communication open. The Liaoning has also been portrayed as a kind of test platform for the future development of the five domestically built Chinese carriers. Liaoning will be used to master the technology for more advanced carriers and used to train in how to operate such a craft in a battle group and with vessels from other nation’s navies. Whatever its ramifications on China’s global status, the carrier embodies huge symbolism for China’s political and military leaders as a totem of its rise from weakness to strength. PLAN’s acceptance of the Liaoning is the first step in a long journey; it is a sojourn that will take place in full view of the world, and one that will ultimately take Beijing to a new place as a great sea power. The carrier’s political importance was highlighted in Chinese Premier Wen Jiaobao’s remarks while presiding the delivery and induction ceremony, in which he said it would “arouse national pride and patriotic passion. This has mighty and deep significance for the opening of a new facet in our enterprise of socialism with Chinese characteristics,” he stressed. —The author, a retired PAF Group Captain, served as Air & Naval attaché at Riyadh and is currently a columnist, analyst and TV talk show host.

f Pakistan has a future, it is em bodied in Malala Yousafzai. Yet the Taliban so feared this 14year-old girl that they tried to assassinate her. Her supposed offence? Her want of an education and her public advocation for it. Malala was on her way home from school in Mingora, Pakistan, in the Swat Valley, on Tuesday when a Taliban gunman walked up to the school bus, asked for her by name and shot her in the head and neck. On Wednesday, doctors at a military hospital removed the bullet that lodged in her shoulder. She remains in critical condition. Malala was no ordinary target. She came to public attention three years ago when she wrote a diary for the BBC about life under the Taliban, which controlled Swat from 2007 to 2009 before being dislodged by an Army offensive. Last year, she won a national peace prize. The Pakistani Taliban was quick and eager to take credit for Tuesday’s attack. Malala “has become a symbol of Western culture in the area; she was openly propagating it,” a spokesman, Ehsanullah Ehsan, told The Times. If she survives, the militants would try again to kill her, he vowed. Malala has shown more courage in facing down the Taliban than Pakistan’s government and its military leaders. Her father, who once led a school for girls and has shown uncommon bravery in supporting his daughter’s aspirations, said she had long defied Taliban threats. Pakistan’s founder, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, envisioned a democratic and moderate Muslim nation. But extremism is engulfing the country, and too many people are enabling it or acquiescing to it. This attack was so abominable, however, that Pakistanis across the ideological spectrum reacted with outrage, starting with the president and prime minister. Even Jamaat ud Dawa, the charity wing of the militant Islamist group Lashkar-e-Taiba, which waged its own violent campaigns against India, couldn’t stay silent. “Shameful, despicable, barbaric attempt,” read a message on the group’s official Twitter feed. “Curse b upon assassins and perpetrators.” The attack was an embarrassment for the Pakistani Army, which has boasted of pushing the Taliban from Swat. The army chief, Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, visited the hospital where Malala was being treated, and, in a rare public statement, he condemned the “twisted ideology” of the “cowards” who had attacked her. Words only have meaning if they are backed up by actions. What will he and other leaders do to bring Malala’s attackers to justice and stop their threat to ordinary citizens and the state? In recent years, the Taliban destroyed at least 200 schools. The murderous violence against one girl was committed against the whole of Pakistani society. The Taliban cannot be allowed to win this vicious campaign against girls, learning and tolerance. Otherwise, there is no future for that nation. — The New York Times

*****

Reprehensible attempt

T

he cowardly shooting of 14year-old Pakistani schoolgirl Malala Yousafzai by the Taliban is abominable. While Malala’s condition remains critical after doctors removed a bullet from her head, the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan, that justified the attack on grounds that she preached secularism and “so-called enlightened moderation” deserves more than just condemnation. Targeting Malala, who shot to the limelight after the government awarded her the country’s first National Peace Award for courageously documenting the Taliban’s reign of terror in Swat, was done to deter other girls from obtaining an education. What security does the state provide Malala or girls in Swat and other areas where the extremist threat is more pronounced? Her plea to deny support to such ideological extremists who specifically suppress women obviously didn’t go down well with the Taliban. It was the government’s responsibility to provide Malala that security in the first place, knowing she would be a key target. The incident should serve as a reminder to tighten security and hunt down militant cells that are obviously still thriving. — Gulf News Assassination has never changed the history of the world.

Benjamin Disraeli —British statesman


Religious tolerance I

s there a possibility of balance between freedom of expression and respect? Deep inside every conscious Muslim’s heart is a feeling of serenity and peace even in midst of tyranny, dispute and injustice. Because they believe justice will be granted, not always from humans, but surely from the one who created humans. Muslims believe that sometime justice is given in this world and sometimes in the next. Yet, no doubt total justice will prevail when it comes to final reckoning. As for those who don’t believe as Muslims do, they could fall into three categories. The first would be the ones who don’t believe in Allah the almighty and the Hereafter and live basically by the man-made laws of this world which they either follow or not, according to their desires. Since they don’t believe in Allah the almighty, insulting a Prophet has no meaning to them, since they do not respect the person or his message. The second group would be believers in the Hereafter, like Christians and Jews, but who have not taken impartial investigation into the religion of Islam as well as the life and teachings of Prophet (PBUH) and the Holy Quran. They could act as above from sheer ignorance and animosity toward Islam which could even lead

to insulting or belittling a Prophet recent years’ wave of insults targeted of God whom they don’t really at the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad know. The third group may fall (PBUH)? Surely, as humans we are somewhere in besusceptible to influtween and do as the ences outside our The Spirit Of Islam above for various own realms. reasons. All animosiIt is easily unties against Islam derstandable that come down to one years of negative stepoint: “Ignorance”. reotyping of MusAfter September lims have had their 11 attack thousands, effect on the minds converted to Islam. and attitudes of the They were so abunaware public who horred by the attack, soaked up years of which raised curiosmisinformation, ity in them to read aimed to create an more about this reliIslamophobia. Such gion which promotes Atif Noor Khan feelings, together violence. Through with the “freedom of their investigation, they found Islam speech law” in the USA , have culto be different than what was por- tivated a fertile ground for trayed and found it the religion of demonization, insults and attacks on peace, full of wisdom and guidance; the religion of Islam, first by the a revelation sent by Allah the al- media followed by embolden indimighty to His Messenger (PBUH). viduals. It was reported that US bookstores Talk of terrorism has been used and libraries were unable to supply to achieve a certain mindset. Those the requests for the Quran and Is- who have taken upon themselves to lamic material as they were all sold insult the Prophet of Islam are well out or borrowed. aware of the fury they will cause For the most part those who live among the Muslims by their unsain the West have had a culture of tol- vory actions. Unfortunately they erance and honor for the beliefs, re- achieved their wish and very rarely ligions and cultures of others. So, show remorse for the ripple effect one would ask, what is the reason of from their actions. One may ask, had

it been a law against insulting revered historical figures, would such actions occur? Most likely not! So, to what extent are we to use freedom of speech to spread evil, violence and chaos among humans? Perhaps it all depends on the desired outcome. We have seen during the recent years such detestable publications and videos have cost the loss of innocent lives of even the non Muslims around the world. Muslims are aware that our presence in this life is a test. So, when a Muslim encounters various incidents throughout his life, he is aware that he is being tested. It is through these incidents that a person displays his faith, submission and closeness to Allah the almighty who grants this life and countless blessings. Thus a Muslim must not lower himself to the level of his ignorant adversaries and show reaction that causes harm. He must act in a way that benefits are heavier on the scale than harm. He knows Allah God’s justice: “We will set up the Just Balance on the Day of Rising and no self will be wronged in any way. Even if it is no more than the weight of a grain of mustard-seed, We will produce it. We are sufficient as a Reckoner.} (Al-Anbiya’ 21: 47)”.

Pakistan: Debating aid requirement Huma Siddiqi Email: hsiddiqi@i-saps.org

P

akistan had been a major recipi ent of external loans and grant assistance from governments of other countries and multilateral organizations. Foreign aid became relevant to Pakistan as soon as it came into being. The country needed liquidity and foreign exchange for meeting the needs of its nascent economy and addressing the poor state of human development. During the course of history Pakistan found itself ushered in a political relationship of which aid was an indispensible element. The amount of aid flow to Pakistan has fluctuated primarily as a reflection of the domestic and international policies. In 1973, foreign aid accounted for as much as 45% of the total central government expenditure. This percentage fell subsequently to 1020% during the 1980s and 5-10% during the 1990s. Recent estimates suggest that aid constitutes about 5-

6% of the government expenditure and 2% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), approximately USD 2.78 billion - 218.31 billion rupees. On the List of Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Pakistan is classified as a lower middle-income country Since the need of external loans and grant assistance is partly driven by macroeconomics environment, issues related to domestic borrowing, private capital inflows and foreign direct investment also become relevant. Hence this aid burden multiplies hugely if external debt and liabilities are considered which constituted 28.2% of the GDP in 2011. Although the 18th Constitutional Amendment binds the state to provide free and compulsory education to every child in the age group of 5-16 yrs, the ground realities innate to the system point to an insufficient infrastructure, marred by nonavailability of staff and below average standard of education. By one estimate, at the current rate of progress all children will be able to realize their constitutional right to

education in 2041 in Punjab, in 2049 in Sindh, in 2064 in KP and in 2100 in Baluchistan. Improvement in the education expenditure may be possible if the government increases its revenues and mobilizes foreign aid. However, some of the most serious concerns about foreign aid pertain to loans and the liabilities they create. As per world Bank data a total enrollment of 11.82 million students in the province of Punjab with a loan worth 365 million USD puts a debt liability of Rs 2,784 on each student studying in the public sector in the province of Punjab. However, over the past two decades from 1990 to date, the average aid to education has been ONLY 4% of total education expenditure, a mere drop in the Ocean. In relative term this contribution is very small as the bulk of expenditure still comes from the government however the debt liabilities it is creating is still substantial per student. This give rise to an important question of aid requirement above that of its effectiveness. It is also a bitter truth that Pakistan Loses about Rs. 3,100

billion annually to corruption, of this Rs. 1,900 billion is due to tax evasion. A reduction in corruption even by a quarter degree can save an amount higher than the ODA received by Pakistan. If this is too much to work on than we need to shift the donors towards resultbased funding. A “Self _ Reliance Strategy” to set out the vision and actions for transformation of the role of the donors from the givers of financial aid to one based on technical co-operation is necessary. Pakistan being heavily conflict-affected exhibit poor development indicators and that are affecting its economic development under the circumstances International Donor agencies may be approached to convert these debts into effective debt SWAP programmes in priority areas like education. We need to focus on high end results and bring the total aid to education from 4% to at least 10 to come in par with, if not the rest of the world, than at least with the countries of the region.

Views From Abroad

Her ‘crime’ was loving schools Nicholas D Kristof

T

wice the Taliban threw warn ing letters into the home of Malala Yousafzai, a 14-yearold Pakistan girl who is one of the world’s most persuasive advocates for girls’ education. They told her to stop her advocacy — or else. She refused to back down, stepped up her campaign and even started a fund to help impoverished Pakistani girls get an education. So, on Tuesday, masked gunmen approached her school bus and asked for her by name. Then they shot her in the head and neck. “Let this be a lesson,” a spokesman for the Pakistani Taliban, Ehsanullah Ehsan, said afterward. He added that if she survives, the Taliban would again try to kill her. Surgeons have removed a bullet from Malala, and she remains unconscious in critical condition in a hospital in Peshawar. A close family friend, Fazal Moula Zahid, told me that doctors are hopeful that there has been no brain damage and that she will ultimately return to school. “After recovery, she will continue to get an education,” Fazal

said. “She will never, never drop out of school. She will go to the last. Please thank all your people who are supporting us and who stand with us in this war,” he added. “You energize us.” The day before Malala was shot, far away in Indonesia, another 14-year-old girl seeking an education suffered from a different kind of misogyny. Sex traffickers had reached out to this girl through Facebook, then detained her and raped her for a week. They released her after her disappearance made the local news. When her private junior high school got wind of what happened, it told her she had “tarnished the school’s image,” according to an account from Indonesia’s National Commission for Protection of Child Rights. The school publicly expelled her — in front of hundreds of classmates — for having been raped. Here in the United States, it’s easy to dismiss such incidents as distant barbarities, but we have a blind spot for our own injustices — like sex trafficking. Across America, teenage girls are trafficked by pimps on Web sites like Backpage.com, and then far too

often they are treated by police as criminals rather than victims. These girls aren’t just expelled from school; they’re arrested. Jerry Sandusky’s sex abuse of boys provoked outrage. But similar abuse is routine for trafficked girls across America, and local authorities often shrug with indifference in the same way some people at Penn State evidently did. Pakistan is a country that has historically suffered from timid and ineffectual leadership, unwilling to stand up to militants. Instead, true leadership emerged from a courageous 14-year-old girl. On the other side are the Taliban, who understand the stakes perfectly. They shot Malala because girls’ education threatens everything that they stand for. The greatest risk for violent extremists in Pakistan isn’t American drones. It’s educated girls. “This is not just Malala’s war,” a 19-year-old female student in Peshawar told me. “It is a war between two ideologies, between the light of education and darkness.” She said she was happy to be quoted by name. But after what happened to Malala, I don’t dare put her at risk. For those wanting to honour

Malala’s courage, there are excellent organizations building schools in Pakistan, such as Developments in Literacy (dil.org) and The Citizens Foundation (tcfusa.org). I’ve seen their schools and how they transform girls — and communities. One of my greatest frustrations when I travel to Pakistan is that I routinely spot extremist madrassas, or schools, financed by medieval misogynists from Saudi Arabia or elsewhere. They provide meals, free tuition and sometimes scholarships to lure boys — because their donors understand perfectly that education shapes countries. In contrast, American aid is mainly about supporting the Pakistani Army. We have tripled aid to Pakistani education to $170 million annually, and that’s terrific. But that’s less than one-tenth of our security aid to Pakistan. In Malala’s most recent e-mail to a Times colleague, Adam Ellick, she wrote: “I want an access to the world of knowledge.” The Taliban clearly understands the transformative power of girls’ education. Do we? — Courtesy: The New York Times

Communicating well..!

T

oday we are communicating more than ever before, through, mobile, TV and internet and other ways we are breaking all barriers. But, and it is a big but, we may communicate but are we good communicators? Are you really able to communicate your thoughts? Are you able to make people understand what you want to convey, and sometimes to change their way of thinking? Lately, I have being asked by different groups including Rotary

clubs and many institutions, to speak on communication, and to how speak effectively. I take the example of Jesus, who I feel was the greatest communicator of all time. To help you remember what I am going to say, and also for you to start becoming better communicators I have taken the name JESUS and expanded it: J: the J of Jesus is joyous. Jesus spoke with a sense of joy. He had come down to earth with good news and as you read his words you can literally hear him exuberant and full of jubilation. So the first golden rule of communication is to tell people something that will change their lives. Speak with joy. E: The E of Jesus is Energy. There was energy in every word he spoke. Not for him, a long, painful,

boring discourse. You can literally see him vibrating with energy. And that is something we need to remember as we communicate. My daughter who was an anchor on TV, used to say, that when she entered the studio, she had to unleash energy. So remember, wherever you are communicating from, a podium, or radio, or whichever medium you use, writing or speaking, release energy. S: The S of Jesus, is Simplicity. I am amazed at the simple truths Jesus offered. Not for him, the philosophies of the Pharisees and Sadducees. His message was simple, and he said it simply. So if you want to communicate well, be simple. U: U is for the word Undergird. Undergird means to bolster or strengthen yourself from under-

neath. Most of we communicators are not listened to because we do not rely on the truth. Jesus undergirded himself with the scriptures, and we also should sit tight on the truth. S: Finally the S of Jesus is being sensitive. Yes, as a preacher, and a healer, as one who had come to save us, he was sensitive to us. He did not preach down to, no, he talked to people. We should also learn to be sensitive to people around us to become good communicators. If you don’t know what people want, what will you tell them? So be sensitive. Become great communicators, and learn from the greatest communicator of all time..! —Email:bobsbanter@gmail.com

Voice of the People WB’s question on Facebook FAUZIA S NIAZI

T

o a question asked by the World Bank on Facebook on September 6, 2012 as to “what will it take to end the hunger of one billion people, who daily go to the bed hungry”, the veteran economist Syed Nayyar Uddin Ahmed replied “Since, a recent study tells that countries which took loans from WB & IMF have experienced increasing suicide rates, there is hardly any answer required to the question, that what it will take to end hunger of those one billion people, who go to the bed hungry, every night. Your extremely hard and harsh loan terms are killing the poorest of the poor people in many ways, what to talk of hunger. Don’t forget that very soon WB & IMF, may be tried for crimes against humanity; because your loans not only breed and enhance corruption, they increase poverty, which also breeds terrorism. Kindly immediately revisit all the inhuman terms and conditions of your loans, particularly given to the poor and developing countries; and also consider writing off these loans which are in fact, sucking blood from the poorest of the poor, to serve the lavish life styles of your employees, consultants, advisers and contractors etc.” —Islamabad

Malala Yousafzai IFTIKHAR MIRZA The human race is yet in its infancy—no, not infancy; infancy is innocent and sweet—it is in its ugly boyhood, half way between the child and the man—in a state of semi-barbarism.”(Anonymous). The quote fits Taliban who have surpassed barbarianism, they are just beasts of burden who don’t know how to live the life and how let other live their lives. The gory attack on life of Malala Yousufzai , a girl of 14 who promoted education in her region is an act, hard to imagine even for a savage. The pseudo-reformers of society are challenging the writ of government in KP without any fear of being caught. The shameful attack risking the life of innocent child proves how brutal our society has gone. Similarly, it has exposed the weaknesses of law-enforcing agencies as the evil forces are targeting public at their will. This tendency is quite harmful as nobody is safe & secure in this country. I have one question for the perpetrators of violence and death. Don’t you have any young sister or daughter? Had you had any, you would never have thought of treading this path of barbarity. Sanity demands that people should be left free to live their lives at their will. It is sad that a specific mindset is trying to dictate the whole nation to spend life according to their wishes. The atrocities inflicted on the beautiful child will bring doom to architects of death and violence. “Khoon jub nahaq girta hy to jum jata hy, Zulm phir zulm hy burhta hy to mit jata hy.” —Islamabad

**** ROY DILAWER KHAN This is in reference with the sad news of attack on Malala Yousafzai by Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan. No doubt it is really a shameful and highly coward act. TTP must keep in mind that Malala is not just a name; she is a symbol of ray of hope, courage, bravery, love, inspiration and and above all peace. You may kill Malala (Allah forbid), but you will never be able to kill ideas and inspirations she had already delivered and those she would leave behind her. You are making a big mistake. I would like to advise TTP not only to study Islam but also understand it in its real spirit. Remember, killing one person means to kill whole humanity. May she recover from the injuries she has sustained in this attack. Ameen —Hafizabad

**** DR GHAYUR AYUB Let us raise our hands in prayers for the soul of living Malala who was brutally attacked by the vicious terrorists and for the souls of those dead Malalas whose young bodies were shattered in pieces by the Drone attacks. Let us pray for a meaningful peace in Pakistan. —London

**** KHAWAJA UMER FAROOQ Pakistani nation is still in shock and grief after tragic incident in Sawat Pakistan. According to media news armed men dragged fourteen years girl from school bus and after identification shot her several times in chest and neck. Now she is battling for survival in Military Hospital. Fourteen years old Malala is struggling for girls education in Sawat Pakistan, she also lunched campaign against destruction of schools and restrictions of girls education by militants in her areas. At the time when several ruling party Ministers and members have left Sawat for security reasons she was living in strong hold of militants and only days ago she raised concern over her life. She

received special award from government and has become symbol for girls education rights in her region. Recent incident also shows how things are going bad to worse despite government claims of success in militant dominated areas. All political parties, civil society, human rights organizations and ordinary people condemn the incident. This news got wide media attention not only in Pakistan but abroad also. Several US news papers including New York Times, Wall street journal published Malala Yosef Zai story on front page with pictures of Malala. Now people of Pakistan are astonished to see the double standard of US media. Thousand of Malala like children have lost their lives in US drone attacks in same area but US media never raise any voice and publish any picture of these US drone affected children. Now US media is using this incident for political gains which is very shameful and unfortunate. Attacking on children like Malala by militants or by US Drones is heinous acts we should condemn both type of actions. —Jeddah, KSA

able. If not they should try to improve and according to the prevailing laws they should make sure implementation. Another organization EOBI is also responsible for same facilities. EOBI officials should also come out of their air-conditioned offices to make sure poor laborers are enrolled with them. In case of such tragedy they should help survivors and dependents. Many of Baldia factory survivors now complaining that they are facing hardships. Their sole earning members have gone and they are struggling for daily bread. Even few are now dependent on social welfare organizations to get food. For them its more important to get money for their livelihood. For them publication of advertisement of SESSI and EOBI are totally meaningless. Both these two organizations should do something practically. —Karachi

Imran’s Aman March

The journalists, media persons, news anchors and the likes always enjoy legal privileges and certain immunities across the world as compared to the ordinary citizens of the State. The journalists all over the world are protected under media shield laws that allow journalists not to identify their sources However, when it comes to bloggers who are also regarded as Online Columnists, no such exemption, shield body or legal protection is offered to them as afforded to journalists. In this digital age of Internet world, where blogging and Online media have ground their bases, same sort of luxury and exemption must be granted to bloggers as well, so that they could value their worth the same as journalists do. In Pakistan, bloggers are not treated as the media persons and face harsh hurdles if they are found liable over defaming content against a celebrity or an institution. —Karachi

COL RIAZ JAFRI (R) A lot is being discussed on TV shows and written in the print media about Imran Khan’s announced ‘Aman march’ to Wazirastan but which ended with his speech at the Jahaz Ground, Tank, a few miles short of its destination. The detractors looking visibly pleased for his not making it to the end conveniently forget the APCs, the containers and other impediments placed in the path of the marchers which delayed them and deprived them of the sun light so badly needed to move in the mountainous area. The army and other security agencies strongly advised Imran Khan against taking any risks which could jeopardize the life of the marchers. Imran being a sane and caring person and not given to personal ego decided not to endanger the lives of his party men and compatriots. Who knows, his such decision might have actually saved the lives of many – may be hundreds of them – and thus avoided sacrificing them at his ego alter ? How I wish BB had also heeded to the warnings of the govt. on 18th October 2007 for her 10 hour snail speed march and that too during the night from Karachi airport to Quaid’s mausoleum and had not thus deprived about 150 families of their bread earners for the rest of their lives?! —Rawalpindi

More fires in Karachi DR ALFRED CHARLES After Baldia factory fire tragedy every other day news comes that fire erupted in other factory in site area. Whenever news comes it recalls terrible scenes. Beside this certain questions come in mind, like in future what will happen in case of fire in any factory? We do not have fire brigade trained staff. Ill-trained staff is dangerous in this sense that more lives will be on stakes. When fire breaks out it spreads very fast and workers having no knowledge and experience face danger. Appointment of political workers in this sensitive department is a big question. Civil Defense is another department which is in pathetic condition. From this department no one comes to inspect factories. Inspectors responsible for this job do not perform their duties. They should check fire extinguishers installed in factories. Fire fighting rehearsals should be performed periodically. But it would be only possible when high ups of this department will feel that this is their primary responsibility. Labour Inspactors of the Labour Department should fulfill their duties to regularly. They should check what kind of necessary facilities and benefits are avail-

Pak bloggers are journalists SYED HASSAM AHMED

Seafood industry goes T20! MAZHAR BUTT Much like the T20, Pakistan is also losing wicket on the seafood export market with drop in export earnings by 21 per cent in value and more than 20 percent in volume. Pakistan has already lost three major buyers,viz Japan, USA and EU, of its fishery products and doesn’t have many more stable and potential export markets left out to survive the industry which has already gone non-viable and in shambles. With depleting wild fishery stocks there is least effort made either by the entrepreneurs or the government to embark on aggressive shrimp and fish farming. Whatever freshwater fish is being farmed is not even enough to satisfy the domestic demand lest save it for regular export. It’s high time that the authorities woke up and addressed to the long unattended problems of the seafood industry to bring it in line with India or Bangladesh. Pakistani seafood is imported by existing importing origins only as a filler when their factories or stocks run dry due to failure of input from India or Bangladesh. Moreover, Pakistani seafood is not getting the same price for their products as these countries who sell their products at high premium. Our seafood industry can only be expected to survive if serious attention is paid to its problems and immediate necessary steps taken to reform it. —Karachi

READERS are requested to type their letters legibly with double spacing and only on one side of the paper.

—Editor Email:editorial@pakobserver.net


A girl’s courage challenges us to act LAURA BUSH

O

N Tuesday afternoon, Malala Yousafzai was a 14-year-old girl riding home on a school bus. Now, after a masked gunman apparently boarded her bus, asked for her by name and shot her in the head and neck, she is fighting for her life. Malala was targeted by the Pakistani Taliban because for the past three years she has spoken out for the rights of all girls to become educated. After this despicable shooting, a Taliban spokesman said that his organization considers Malala’s crusade for education rights an “obscenity” and accused her of “propagating” Western culture. If she survives, the group promises to try again to kill her. Eleven years ago, America awoke to the barbaric mind-set of the Taliban. Its regime in Afghanistan was dedicated in part to the bru-

tal repression and abject subjugation of leaving behind little more than piles of rubble; were closed so why did they also need to be women. Women were not allowed to work or enforced its own interpretation of sharia law; destroyed?” A few weeks later she wrote, “I attend school. Taliban religious police patrolled and banned the playing of music in cars. am sad watching my uniform, school bag and the streets, beating women who might venture At age 11, to protest what was happening geometry box” and “hurt” because her brothout alone, who were not dressed “propers could go to school while she could not. erly” or who dared to laugh out loud. Last year, she was awarded Pakistan’s Malala had dreamed of becoming a doctor, Women could not wear shoes that made but recently she became interested in politoo much noise, and their fin- first National Youth Peace Prize. These are tics and speaking out for the rights of chilgernails were ripped out for the the accomplishments of the young girl who so dren. In 2011, Malala was a nominee for the “crime” of wearing nail polish. International Children’s Peace Prize, which Today, the Taliban has been terrified the Taliban. lauded her bravery in standing up for girls’ pushed back, but it still opereducational rights amid rising fundamenates in parts of Afghanistan and in in her homeland, Malala began to write about talism at a time when few adults would do the the northern and western regions of her experiences, producing a blog for the BBC’s same. Pakistan along the Afghan border. Urdu-language service. She described wearCondemnations of the attempt on Malala’s The city where Malala was shot, ing plain clothes, not uniforms, so that no one life have been swift and powerful. The U.S. Mingora, is in Pakistan’s Swat prov- would know she was attending school and government called it “barbaric” and “cowince, which has been on the front wrote about how she and other girls “hid our ardly.” Pakistan’s prime minister said, “Malala lines of the battle against Taliban books under our shawls.” Nonetheless, after is like my daughter, and yours too. If that extremists. the Taliban forced the closure of her school, mind-set prevails, then whose daughter In 2007, the Taliban gained control Malala had no choice but to stay home and would be safe?” And the Pakistani army’s of Swat, only to be largely pushed suspend her education. In another blog entry, chief general said that the Taliban has “failed out in the summer of 2009 by a Pakistani mili- she wrote: “Five more schools have been deto grasp that she is not only an individual, tary offensive. During its time in power, the stroyed, one of them was near my house. but an icon of courage.” Speaking out after Taliban closed and destroyed girls’ schools, I am quite surprised, because these schools an atrocious act, however, isn’t enough.

The long journey to peace RANDY DAVID

hand. None of these tasks is obviously going to be quick and easy. Though the initial objections have been muted, stumbling blocks are bound to be erected on both sides of the fence. I believe everyone is hoping that a strong enough peace momentum will

offer a formula for peace and stability in a region whose relationship to the national state has been continuHE “Framework agreement” ously contested. It did not spring out jointly drawn by the negoti of nothing; it grew out of the conating panels of the Philippine sensus built from previous talks. government and the Moro IsThe perceived weaknesses of the lamic Liberation Front (MILF) is a sigMOA-AD stemmed primarily nificant advance in the profrom the fact that the governtracted quest for peace in Its announcement at this early stage ment panel was negotiating in Muslim Mindanao. But, even as we bank on the inherent in- signals the start of the hard work of popular the name of a president fectiousness of peace agree- consultation, of securing a broad consensus, whose credibility and legitimacy had sunk to the lowest ments, we should be wary about expecting too much too and incorporating refinements in the compre- conceivable point. After 2006, when Gloria Macapagal-Arsoon. The agreement, as I see hensive agreement to be announced soon. royo tried to impose a state it, is a commitment by the two of national emergency, every parties to pursue a common The government will try to explain to the track leading to a final agree- public via the mass media, and to the various major agreement that her administration attempted to enment, and to oversee its ter into with any entity berealisation in the form of gov- institutional stakeholders of the state via ernance structures appropriate Congress, what a final agreement requires in came automatically suspect. GMA’s presidency was so to an autonomous political enbeleaguered that it could not tity. It marks the crucial points terms of the most crucial issues—powerin a journey toward enduring sharing, wealth-sharing, scope of the autono- focus on anything beyond ensuring its survival till 2010.\ peace, and invites the rest of the world to join and lend its mous region, constitutional implications, etc. Contrast this with today’s conditions. goodwill to the pilgrims who There’s a new leader in the Palhave embarked on this precarious trip, have been generated by now to propel even as there is no assurance that they the process to its next crucial stages. ace who enjoys some of the highest will reach their destination. It offers Indeed, there’s probably no other way trust and approval ratings in the us a glimpse of peace that is attain- to engage the participation of the larger nation’s political history. But, more national and international community than this, even at the risk of being able in our time. The MILF will try to explain the in this complex and formidable effort called reckless, he has demonstrated advantages of the planned “new au- but to mark and celebrate every break- a strong resolve to end the conflict in Mindanao by agreeing to meet tonomous political entity” to its through, no matter how small. One of the major weaknesses of the with the leader of the MILF outside “Bangsamoro” constituency, which includes not only the communities 2008 peace agreement that called for the country. This has given the govunder the control and supervision of the creation of a “Bangsamoro Juridi- ernment negotiators the kind of manthe MILF, but also those that are un- cal Entity” had been precisely the per- date that inspires confidence in those der the leadership of groups like the ceived lack of transparency in its craft- with whom they deal. Unlike his preMoro National Liberation Front and ing and the suddenness with which it decessor, P-Noy has not hesitated to stick his neck out to manifest his other breakaway armed secessionist was announced. In my view, these were procedural unwavering personal support for inimovements. They will also need to bring into these consultations the non- lapses rather than major substantive tiatives that otherwise could be Muslim communities—both Christian defects. It would be interesting to struck down before they are exand non-Christian—that lie within the compare the final agreement that will plained. emerge from the current process with It is wonderful to see that other designated autonomous region. The outcomes of all these consul- the previous one that was summarily countries have greeted the breaktations at various levels must some- opposed by the nation’s leading poli- through in Malaysia with profuse how find their way into the design of ticians and subsequently thrown out praise. But to say we are almost there the basic law that Congress has to ap- by the Supreme Court. My hunch— would be to raise public expectations prove. If such a law can be accommo- and I don’t mean this as a criticism— to unrealistic levels. Old biases survive dated within the existing framework of is that the differences would be fun- and remain unexamined. To some of the Constitution, then that would damentally semantic. The 2008 Memo- our countrymen, every little concesrandum of Agreement on Ancestral sion to the Moro leadership is tantagreatly simplify matters. But if it will entail amending the Domain (MOA-AD) was not a care- mount to treason. It may greatly enrich Constitution, as it most likely will, we lessly crafted document that some of their sensibility if they read more about hope the nation will calmly consider its critics had made it out to be. It was, the history of Mindanao and its the possibility and not reject it out of I still believe, a thoughtful attempt to peoples. —Courtesy - Daily Inquire

T

Where Gadhafi’s Son Should be put on Trial: ICC debating

T

HE discussion of where Saif ing tried is not only a matter of na- done at home in Libya,” he said. Alal-Islam Gaddafi should be tional importance to Libya’s new rul- Jehani said that a “rush to judgment” tried for the part he played ers. It’s also of huge consequence to by the ICC would “render the principle during the Libyan uprising Seif al-Islam himself: if he were to be of complementarity meaningless.” But continues. The potentially unfair trial tried and convicted in The Hague, he one of Seif al-Islam’s court-appointed he will receive if tried by the very could face a maximum life sentence, defense lawyers, Melinda Taylor, said people who toppled his father the court should not trust is an important consideration Libya and its fledgling justice for the ICC. One of the foundsystem to mount a fair prosing principles of the ICC is that ecution of the son and oneit is intended to be a court of time heir apparent of the last resort. Under the country’s widely reviled complementarity principle, a former leader. case is only admissible by the Taylor was jailed in Libya court if a state with jurisdicfor more than three weeks eartion over the case is unwilling lier this year, after being acor unable genuinely to carry cused by Libyan authorities out the investigation or prosof passing confidential docuecution. A decision to try ments to her client. She said Gaddafi will have enormous she wound up in jail after consequences in terms of who will but if a Libyan court were to find him trusting Libyan assurances her visit sign up to the Rome Statute in the guilty he could face the death penalty. was privileged, meaning she would not future, not forgetting the crube arrested. Taylor warned that cial precedent it will set for fuLibya said Tuesday it should be allowed if the court also trusts Libyan ture cases tried by the interand sends the case to prosecute one of former dictator Moammar guarantees national court. to Tripoli, Seif al-Islam “stands The legal tug-of-war over Gadhafi’s sons for crimes against humanity, to lose his life in a completely Seif al-Islam also is a key test arbitrary manner that has nothfor a founding principle of the but his lawyers objected, insisting the late ing to do with justice.” war crimes tribunal: known as ruler’s son cannot get a fair trial in a nation Seif was originally charged “complementarity,” the prinalongside his father and the ciple states that the court can now run by those who toppled his father. The Gadhafi regime’s former intelonly try suspects from nations diametrically opposed positions came at an ligence chief Abdullah alunable or unwilling to launch Senoussi in June 2011 with attheir own prosecutions. ICC International Criminal Court hearing that will tacking civilian protesters in prosecutors charged Seif al-Is- go a long way to deciding whether Seif althe early days of the popular lam last year with murder and uprising against Gadhafi’s persecution for his alleged in- Islam Gadhafi will be put on trial in Tripoli or rule. The United Nations Sevolvement in the deadly The Hague. curity Council had asked the crackdown on dissent against court to launch an investigaLibya remains in turmoil almost a year tion amid widespread reports of huhis father’s four-decade rule. after Gadhafi’s ouster and rival armed man rights abuses by the Gadhafi reBut months later authorities in militias still pose a serious threat to gime as it fought to cling to power. Libya arrested Seif al-Islam and said security in the country. Seif al-Islam is Judges dropped the case against they want to prosecute him. Prosecubeing held by a militia in the town of Moammar Gadhafi in November 2011 tors in The Hague now say they are willing to hand the case to authorities Zintan. Libyan lawyer Ahmed al- after he was captured and killed by Jehani, who represented the Libyan rebel fighters. Al-Senoussi fled the in Tripoli. While prosecutors and government at the court, pledged that country, but was later captured in judges are both part of the court, they Tripoli would give him a fair trial. operate independently of one another Mauritania and extradited to Libya. A It would “be a unique opportunity decision on where Seif al-Islam will be and judges do not have to follow the for national reconciliation for a com- tried is expected to take weeks or prosecutors’ advice. munity that wishes to have justice months.—AP Where Gadhafi’s son ends up be-

Drones harm more than help

Cuba almost became a nuclear power in 1962

RAMESH THAKUR

SVETLANA SAVRANSKAYA

high-value militant leaders have been killed in strikes (accounting for just 2 percent of all drone killings). The rest have been largely low-level combatants. Over 80 percent of deaths by drones have come under U.S. President Barack Obama. He presides over the regular

resent an extraterritorial extension of the normative authority of the state to cover gaps in the existing legal order, VER the weekend, defying or is it a covert attempt to breach the death threats from the mili limits of the legal competence of a state tants whose writ is law in in foreign jurisdictions? Top legal exthe region, former cricketer perts who had eloquently condemned and presently Pakistan’s most popular the torture practices under U.S. political leader Imran Khan led President George W. Bush but had to abort a march into have serially defended the the country’s northwestern Obama targeted killings as tribal areas to protest against consistent with applicable laws U.S. drone strikes that have of war. U.S. Attorney General killed between 2,000-3,000 Eric Holder argues that the U.S. people.The buzz of the U.S. Constitution “guarantees due fleet of Predator and Reaper process, not judicial process” drones that at any moment can for U.S. citizens. That requirelet loose their deadly arsenal of ment is satisfied by the condiHellfire missiles is a familiar tertions attached to putting someror in the sky for the people of one on the kill list: The person Waziristan. We live in an age of must be a senior operational technological warfare coexistleader of al-Qaida or associing uneasily alongside the use ated forces; capture is not feaof machetes on an industrial sible; and the operation is conscale in Rwanda in 1994 and ducted in conformity with apcommercial aircraft as lethally efplicable laws of war principles. fective delivery systems on Tuesday counterterrorism meeting in There are numerous legal, moral Sept. 11, 2001. Its high-tech arsenal enthe White House and signs off person- and strategic problems with the use of ables the U.S. to project military power ally on additions to the kill list. His self- drones to kill the enemy. An exhausto the remotest corners of the world, belief betrays a supreme self-confidence tive new study by the law schools of distancing combat forces from the vicbordering on moral-intellectual arro- Stanford and New York universities tims of their firepower. The U.S. has more concludes that they have than 7,000 drones today comtraumatized and terrorized pared to 50 just a decade ago. Such technological prowess holds the seduc- an entire population. They By the end of next year there will be more U.S. Air Force tive allure of war and morality on the cheap. But have undermined respect for the rule of law and internapersonnel operating drones is it? Moral deliberations and legal accountability tional legal protection. They than flying planes. Drones have greater en- rooted in social purposes cannot be outsourced to set dangerous precedents for facilitating the recourse durance, cost less, reduce the to lethal force around the risk to U.S. soldiers to zero, robots and machines. world even as lethal drone and kill fewer innocent civilgance (a trait that tripped him up badly technologies are being developed by ians. They can be flown for long hours in the first presidential debate). He several countries and export control over treacherous, inhospitable terrain wields the power of life and death over barriers are softening. More than 50 and vast distances. Many al-Qaida and citizens and foreigners without judicial countries (and counting) now have the Taliban commanders, it is claimed, have review or independent accountability. use of drones. On Sunday, Israel shot been killed, captured, dispersed and A Daily Mail columnist dubs him the down an unarmed and unidentified driven deep underground, their leader“Lord High Executioner.” drone that entered its airspace from ship decapitated and global networks What is the moral distinction be- the Mediterranean. They violate the disrupted, thereby preventing numertween war, pre-emptive execution by sovereignty of Pakistan, a country ous terrorist and insurgent attacks.But bureaucratic decisions made in secret with which the U.S. is not at war. — according to the New American and murder? Does targeted killing rep- Courtesy - Japan Times. Foundation’s data, since 2004, only 49

O

Malala inspires us because she had the courage to defy the totalitarian mind-set others would have imposed on her. Her life represents a brighter future for Pakistan and the region. We must speak up before these acts occur, work to ensure that they do not happen again, and keep our courage to continue to resist the ongoing cruelty and barbarism of the Taliban. Malala Yousafzai refused to look the other way. We owe it to her courage and sacrifice to do the same. Malala is the same age as another writer, a diarist, who inspired many around the world. From her hiding place in Amsterdam, Anne Frank wrote, “How wonderful it is that nobody need wait a single moment before starting to improve the world.” Today, for Malala and the many girls like her, we need not and cannot wait. We must improve their world.—Courtesy - The Washington Post.Laura Bush was first lady of the United States from 2001 to 2009. In November 2001, she gave the first presidential radio address on the treatment of women under the Taliban.

most importantly, keep Cuba as an ally. At the Soviet Presidium, everyone agreed only one man could achieve such a resolution: Anastas Mikoyan. Mikoyan arrived in Cuba on November 2, 1962, and over 20 days of often-bitter conversations with Cuban leaders culminating in this tense meeting Mikoyan began to appreciate the danger tactical nuclear weapons posed if they were left on the island, especially in Cuban hands. On one day, Castro would refuse to see Mikoyan; on another, Fidel would order his anti-aircraft crews to shoot at the American surveillance planes. Extremely worried, Mikoyan cabled

But the Soviet government itself, said Mikoyan, not under U.S. pressure, has now decided to take them back. UBA would have become Castro’s mood only got worse. Now the first nuclear power in the tacticals were coming out. Already Latin America 50 years ago, the Soviets had given in to American if not for the dynamics cappressure on the IL-28 bombers (technitured in this remarkable verbatim trancally the bombers could reach Florida script published here for the first time so they qualified as “offensive” and of Fidel Castro’s excruciating meeting they were nuclear capable). Mikoyan with Soviet deputy prime minister tried to persuade Castro that “as far as Anastas Mikoyan, on November 22, Il-28s are concerned, you know your1962. The document comes from the self that they are outdated. Presently, it personal archive of his son, the late is best to use them as a target plane.” Sergo Mikoyan, which was donated to Castro retorts: “And why did you send the National Security Archive and them to us then?” Castro was very emowhich appears for the first time tional and at times rough with in English this month in the The final straw apparently came on Mikoyan he criticized the Sonew book, The Soviet Cuban Missile Crisis. Long after the November 20, when Castro sent instructions viet military for failing to camouflage the missiles, for not world thought the Cuban using their anti-aircraft launchMissile Crisis had ended, with to Cuba’s representative at the United Naers to shoot down U.S. U-2 spy Soviet leader Nikita tions, Carlos Lechuga, to mention “we have planes, essentially allowing Khrushchev’s withdrawal of them to photograph the sites. his medium-range nuclear tactical nuclear weapons, which we should missiles announced on Octo- keep” partly as leverage in negotiations over He went back to the initial offer of missiles and stated that the ber 28 and two days after President John F. Kennedy inspections, also to establish the fact that the Cubans did not want the missiles, they only accepted the announced the lifting of the weapons were in Cuban possession. weapons as part of “fulfilling quarantine around Cuba the their duty to the socialist camp.” secret crisis still simmered. Unknown to the Americans, the Soviets had the Soviet Presidium that he now The Cubans were ready to die in a planned to inform the Cuban leader that nuclear war and were hoping that the brought some 100 tactical nuclear all tactical nuclear weapons would be Soviet Union would be also willing “to weapons to Cuba 80 nuclear-armed withdrawn from Cuba. Mikoyan had to do the same for us.” front cruise missiles (FKRs), 12 nuclear break this unpleasant news to his hosts, But the Soviets did not treat the warheads for dual-use Luna shortand he had to do it in such a way that Cubans as a partner, they caved in unrange rockets, and 6 nuclear bombs for they would remain Soviet allies. der U.S. pressure, and did not even conIL-28 bombers. Even with the pullout This four-hour conversation on sult the Cubans about the withdrawal. of the strategic missiles, the tacticals November 22 provided the final blow to Castro expressed the humiliation the would stay, and Soviet documentation reveals the intention of training the the Cuban revolutionaries, now that the Cubans felt: “What do you think we Soviet Union was removing all the are? A zero on the left, a dirty rag. We Cubans to use them. weapons for which Cuba had to suffer tried to help the Soviet Union to get out But Fidel Castro was livid. so much. Castro opened the conversa- of a difficult situation.” Khrushchev had not consulted or even tion saying that he was in a bad mood In desperation, Castro almost informed Castro about any deals with the Americans — Fidel heard about the because Kennedy stated in his speech begged Mikoyan to leave the tactical that all nuclear weapons were removed warheads in Cuba, especially because missile withdrawal from the radio. The from Cuba, but surely the tacticals were the Americans were not aware of them Cuban leader refused to go along with still on the island. Mikoyan confirmed and they were not part of the agreeany onsite inspections in Cuba, and that “the Soviet government has not ment between Kennedy and raised further demands. The Soviets given any promises regarding the re- Khrushchev. Castro claimed that the had their own Cuban crisis: They had moval of the tactical nuclear weapons. situation now was even worse than it to take back what the Americans called The Americans do not even have was before the crisis Cuba was defensethe “offensive weapons,” get the U.S. any information that they are in Cuba.” less.—Courtesy - Foreign Policy to confirm its non-invasion pledge, and

C


Drone attack From Page 1 This was the second drone attack in Orakzai agency. The first came in 2009 in the Khadezai area of Mamozai in Upper Orakzai agency, in which 11 militants affiliated to TTP’s Hakimullah group were killed. Sources said that the US drone fired two missiles on the headquarters of Shakirullah right at the zero line between North Waziristan and Orakzai agencies. The strikes destroyed the compound and left 16 suspected militants dead. When contacted, some security officials said that the strike had been carried out on the North Waziristan side. Drones were still flying over the site of the attack and locals were reportedly staying away from the site. The identities and nationalities of the militants killed in the strikes are yet to be ascertained. Pakistan has lodged a protest with the US Embassy in Islamabad on drone strikes inside Pakistani territory on 10 and 11 October 2012. —Agencies

PTI, ANP From Page 1 stan Peoples Party is making hectic efforts to keep its coalition intact with the MQM and to form some kind of alliance in the coming elections with the aim to win more seats and form the next gov-ernment. PPP’s leadership believes that its alliance with MQM could help the party to get more seats in Karachi and form the next government with the support of MQM and some other coalition partners. Keeping in view this political mileage, the PPP leadership had even accepted one of the toughest demands of the MQM relating to the Sindh Local Government Ordinance that perturbed the PPP hawks and, workers in Sindh, said sources. This strategy of the PPP leadership, on the one hand, had shocked the PPP stalwarts and created frustration in the party’s ranks while on the other, it could motivate the Awami National Party to join hands with PTI in the coming elections, said sources.

Moscow accuses Turkey of endangering Russian lives Military jets escorted the Damascus-bound Airbus A-320, which was carrying around 30 passengers from Moscow, into Ankara airport late on Wednesday after Turkey received intelligence that it was carrying “non-civilian cargo”. Russia, which has stood behind Assad’s government during an 18-month-old uprising that has killed some 30,000 people, angrily demanded an explanation. “The lives and safety of the passengers were placed under threat”, the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement, adding that 17 of its nationals onboard were refused access to Russian diplomatic staff. A source in a Russian arms exporting agency told Interfax the jet was carrying no Russian weapons or military equipment. Lebanon’s al-Manar Television quoted Syrian Transport Minister Mahmoud Said as saying the move amounted to “air piracy which contradicts civil aviation treaties.” Turkey said it had acted within international law. “We are determined to control weapons transfers to a regime that carries out such brutal massacres against civilians. It is unacceptable that such a transfer is made using our air-

COURT NOTICE In the Court of Mr. Javad Mehmood Sandhu Shahib, Judge Banking Court No-I Gujranwala OLD P.W.D Rest House Opp. Commissioner Officer, Gujranwala Suit No.695-1/2012 HBL Kamoke —Plaintiff Versus M/S Hamza & Brothers etc — Defendant Summons U/S 9 (5) of the Financial Institutions (Recovery of Finances) Ordinance; 2001 (Ordinance No.XLVI of 2001) Summons to: (1) M/S HAMZA & Brothers C/O Shaukat Rice Mils Near Railway Station Kamoke Distt, Gujranwala. Through Prop, Nadeem Akhtar (2) Nadeem Akhtar S/O Noshad Ali (3) Noshad Ali S/ O Abdul Majeed Caste Rajput Both R/O Chandala Tehsil Kamoke Distt, Gujranwala (4) Muhammad Ilyas S/O Shaukat Ali (5) Majid Ali S/O Shaukat Ali Caste Rajput both R/O Shaukat Rice Mills Near Railway Station Kamoke Distt, Gujranwala. WHEREAS the aforesaid plaintiff has instituted a suit against you and other for the recovery of Rs=31,27,025-63 along with mark up/interest and cost etc, claimed to be payable by you.. A Summons u/s 9(5) Ordinance XIVI of 2001 referred to above is hereby issued requiring you to make within 30 days of the service of the Summon, an application for leave to defend the suit in the form of written statement U/S 10 of the said ordinance. Take notice that on your failure to file such application within time specified above, the Banking Court shall pass a decree as prayed for in the plaint, in the favour of the plaintiff Banking Company. Next date for further proceedings, in the case has been fixed on 01.12.2012. Given under my hand and the seal of the court, this 09.10.2012 Seal of the Court Banking Court I Gujranwala

space,” Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said. “We received information this plane was carrying cargo of a nature that could not possibly be in compliance with the rules of civil aviation,” he said in Athens during an official visit, in comments broadcast live on Turkish television. The plane and its passengers were allowed to continue after parts of the cargo were seized. Officials gave no details of what was confiscated, saying investigations were underway, but some Turkish newspapers said the cargo included non-lethal supplies such as radio equipment. Turkish state-run television TRT reported Thursday that a Syrian passenger plane intercepted by Turkey’s air force was carrying military communications equipment, as Damascus branded the incident piracy amid growing tensions between the two countries. Yeni Safak, a newspaper close to the Turkish government, reported there were 10 containers aboard the plane, some containing radio receivers, antennas and “equipment that are thought to be missile parts.” Neither TRT nor the newspaper cited sources for their re-

ports, and Turkish officials have yet to provide details on what was aboard the Syrian Air A320 from Moscow that was forced to land in Ankara on Wednesday. Turkey’s Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said the cargo contained “elements ... that are not legitimate in civilian flights” and insisted Ankara was within its rights to intercept the plane if it suspected that military equipment was being transported over Turkish territory. But Syrian Transportation Minister Mohammad Ibrahim Said said Thursday that Turkey’s decision to force the plane to land amounted to piracy. Sabre rattling between Syria and its northern neighbor has increased in recent days after a spate of cross-border shell and mortar firings. Turkey, which has been vocal in its criticism of Syrian President Bashar Assad’s crackdown on the opposition, has beefed up its military presence along the 565-mile (910kilometer) frontier after shelling from Syria killed five Turkish civilians in a border town last week. The plane incident has also increased tensions between Turkey and Russia, one of Syria last remaining allies.

Malala shifted to Rawalpindi, 24 hours critical

A board including expert surgeons will meet again today to review her condition. The doctors said they are trying their best to save Malala’s life but also appealed for prayers. According to Media Reports, a probe team of police inspected the attack site in connection with the investigations and garnered the clues from there. They also took statements of the people on the occasion. Meantime, over 200 people including Malala’s driver and school guard were taken in custody from Mingora and its suburbs. Police gathered information From Page 1 from the van fellows of Malala, Army’s ex-officer Brigadier a student in Khushhal Girls High (Retd.) Tahir Masud along with driver, had hardly driven out of his residence at 8am, when four miscreants, riding a white car, intercepted him at a little distance from his residence. Driver Muhammed Hussain tried to resist their kidnapping attempt and was critically injured by kidnappers with a gunshot. He was rushed to the hospital but he succumbed to injuries on way to the hospital.—NNI

Spy agency

From Back Page

From Page 1 School, Mingora. Police said they strongly hope for headway in the probe. Also, special security arrangements have been made at the residence of Malala. In Swat at least 200 people including driver of the van and guard of the school have been arrested in the ongoing investigation into the Tuesday’s attack on Malala Yousufzai, a children rights activist in Swat area. Interior Minister Rehman Malik informed media on Thursday that the two men who shot Malala Yousafzai on Tuesday have been identified. Malik said that it had been figured out that who plotted the

conspiracy against Malala and from where. He added that the President has ordered for Malala to be shifted to Germany. Earlier, Malik had ordered the IG Police to make permanent security arrangements for Malala. Malala was shot along with two other friends when she was on her way home from school on Tuesday. The Tehreek-iTaliban Pakistan (TTP) had claimed responsibility for the attack calling Malala “proWest”. Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf invited leadership of all political parties to accompany him to the hospital in Rawalpindi today after Juma prayers to inquire after the health of Malala Yousafzai. He made the appeal while chairing meeting of the Federal Cabinet in Islamabad Thursday. The first session of the meeting was devoted exclusively to the issue of attack on Malala and two other girls. Later, briefing newsmen Minister for Information and Broadcasting Qamar Zaman Kaira said the decision to invite political leadership was taken to express solidarity and give collective response to the situation emerging out of attack on Malala. The cabinet strongly condemned the attack saying that the incident demands complete unity in the ranks of the nation to face the challenge and foil designs of extremist elements.

High-level meeting discusses current situation From Page 1 political and military leadership decided to formulate a new strategy to deal with the terrorists. The attack on Malala Yousafzai was condemned in the meeting. The meeting reviewed interior security of the country and the on-going operations against terrorists. Sources said that General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani informed the President and the Premier in detail about his recent visit to Russia and briefed the high ups about the actions being taken against terrorists and operational preparations of the Army. It was decided in the meeting that solid measures would be taken for preventing such incidents in the future, while the government and the Army would formulate new strategy jointly for combating militancy.—Online

Mily top brass resolves From Page 1 eral Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, Chief of Naval Staff, Admiral Muhammad Asif Sandila, Chief of Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt, Secretary Defence, Secretary Defence Production, Chief of General Staff, Director General Joint Staff, Director General Inter Services Intelligence, Director General Strategic Plans Division and senior military officers from the three services. Issues related to Pakistan’s national security and emerging regional geo-strategic environment along with the progress on the agenda points of last meeting came under discussion. Participants expressed their satisfaction over the standard of preparedness of Armed Forces to take on the upcoming challenges being faced by the country. It was reiterated that the resolve to fight the menace of terrorism will be kindred and Armed Forces of Pakistan are ready to render any sacrifice therein. JCSC is a quarterly moot of senior military leadership to assess and evaluate the operational preparedness of the Armed Forces, and to take stock of upcoming challenges.—Online

Dr Sher Afgan passes away From Page 1 Minister of Parliamentary Affairs of Pakistan. He was member Zila Council, Mianwali, and MNA for several years.

Niazi joined former President Musharraf’s political party, the All Pakistan Muslim League (APML) but later resigned from the party following differences with the leadership. He was elected to National Assembly in 2002 as a member of Pakistan People Party (Parliamentarians) but later shifted his loyalty to become From Page 1 PPPP (Patriot) and then joined scribed criteria would be Pakistan Muslim League given a monthly stipend of (Q).—INP Rs.10 thousand. He was presiding over a high level meeting to review the Punjab Youth Internship Programme, here Thursday. Member Provincial Assembly, Zaeem Hussain Qadri, Chairman Planning & Development, Secretaries of Finance, Energy, Industries, Social Welfare, Agriculture, Sports & Youth Affairs, Higher Education and Information Departments and other senior officials attended the meeting. Addressing the meeting, Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that internship programme has been launched for polishing the talent of educated youth. He said that the educated youth will get professional training and experience of practical life through this programme which would help them in their future life. The Chief Minister directed that the candidates for internship programme be selected through a most transparent manner and 50 percent quota be allocated for women. He stressed that a vigorous awareness campaign regarding internship programme be launched in educational institutions and media so that the importance of this revolutionary programme could be highlighted. He directed that the monthly stipend be provided through easy pay card of Bank of Punjab for the facility of the internees whereas a certificate will also be given to them by Punjab government on completion of their training.

Jobless youth

Nawaz sees positive change through ballot From Page 1 countable to the parliament, due to which he has to obey the decisions of others in accordance with their vested interests. In his statement, with reference to the military action on 12th October 1999, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif said that, on that black day, a similar tragedy happened to the democracy in Pakistan and the elected government of the people. He said on that day, through an unconstitutional and illegal action, an elected government was removed and the state was rendered weak and defenseless. He said, it was due to that erroneous decision, the world got its own decisions imposed through a dictator, who had no support of the people, and thus Pakistan was pushed into a quagmire of problems. But, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif asserted the people of Pakistan, through their determination, political consciousness, faith in democracy and belief in

the political teachings of Quaidi-Azam, eventually got back their constitution and democracy, and, it is significant to note that, the elected parliament of the people did not ratify the unconstitutional steps taken by the dictator. He said had those dictators who had flouted the constitution been tried in accordance with strict legal demands, the doors for future adventurism would have been closed. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif said that Pakistan today is facing manifold problems, including bad governance, inflation, unemployment, loadshedding and terrorism due to the wrong priorities and anti-people policies of the incompetent rulers. He said that he believes people of Pakistan would eventually overcome their difficulties, and, through the power of their votes, the nation would bring about a positive change. He said that people of Pakistan have a mature political consciousness and an unshakeable

belief in constitutional and democratic process, due to which Pakistani nation can be included amongst the most democratic citizens of any modern state. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif said the democratic people of Pakistan believe in argument and democratic change, through balloting, instead of brute force. He said the most pertinent lesson of 12th October 1999 is that the objective of the change can only be achieved through the power of vote, and not through dictatorial grabbing of power. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif said that it is a matter of great satisfaction and happiness that like other civilized and democratic societies, the Pakistani nation too, adopted the legal course and Pakistan can be stabilized and democratic system can be strengthened by following democratic and civilized principles in future as well.

Peace in Balochistan is FC’s job province. During the hearing, S M Zafar said that physical and psychological attacks were being carried out against the FC. Zafar moreover said that 415 FC personnel had been killed and over 600 injured in attacks. He said the FC was operating under a strict discipline. In his remarks, Chief Justice Iftikhar said that the court’s pri-

From Page 1 ority was to establish peace and ensure recovery of the missing persons. He said that the common perception was that FC personnel detained people and did not inform concerned civilian authorities.He further said that the FC’s job was to establish peace in the restive province. Advocate General Balochistan Amanullah

Kinrani said the government had a list of the missing persons and there were 78 names on that list. Justice Khawaja said that ministers have alleged that there was proof of involvement of a foreign hand in the unrest in the province. He further questioned why the ministers were not providing information pertaining to foreign involvement to the concerned institutions.—INP

14 more fall prey to Karachi violence area. Police have arrested the accused from the sight of the incident. Some unidentified persons, riding on motorcycles, opened fire in Napier area and shot dead a man while five other people were wounded. In Kharadar area, Abdus Samad and Roshan Ali Mustafa were killed after abduction while dead body of 30-year-old Walid Baloch was found from Hawksbay Road. Some unidentified miscreants abducted a youth named Raza and threw his dead body near Pankha Hotel in Sher Shah while gunmen riding on motocycles shot dead a man near Sakhi Hassan Chorangi. In Azeempura area of Alfalah, 40-year-old Ghulam Akbar was gunned down by

8 killed, 20 injured in Orakzai blast From Page 1 detonated IED planted roadside in Hasan Zai Bazaar. Officials from the political administration confirmed that 8 passengers were killed while 20 others were injured. All victims belonged to antiTaliban Mushti tribe. The injured were shifted to the Kalaya hospital, where the condition of ten of the wounded was reported as critical.—Online

From Page 1 miscreants while an activist of Pakistan People’s Party, Salim Lassi was shot dead in Taimuria. An activist of ANP, Shah Kalam was wounded in an attack in Sachal area while a passersby, Rafiq was killed. Kashif was shot dead in firing incident in Kala Kot area. Meanwhile, police have conducted a raid at Hub River Road and arrested two people.

According to police the accused were wanted in several cases of murders in the city. According to police, unidentified attackers opened fire on Shahjahan Yousuf, 45. He was posted as an ASI at Maghopir police station. The attackers were on foot and fled conveniently after shooting down the policeman who was riding a motorcycle.— Online


50 Ulema declare attack on Malala un-Islamic L AHORE —More than 50

Zardari to attend Baku ECO summit ISLAMABAD —President

Ulema and religious scholars belonging to Sunni Ittehad Council (SIT), Thursday issued a fatwa (religious decree), declaring Taliban’s attack on Malala Yousufzai un-Islamic. The Fatwa noted “Islam does not bar women from getting education and that Taliban’s perception of Islam is based on unawareness and error”. The Fatwa said “Islam terms sanctity of a believer greater than the sanctity of the Ka’aba” The Fatwa comes a few hours after MQM chief Altaf Hussain urged Ulema to condemn the attack on Malala otherwise he would be compelled to expose them.—INP

Moscow accuses Turkey of endangering Russian lives

Asif Ali Zardari will pay a two day visit to Baku, Azerbaijan from Monday to attend the Economic Cooperation Organization Summit. This was stated by Spokesman of Foreign Office Moazzam Ahmad Khan while briefing ISTANBUL—Moscow accused newsmen here on ThursAnkara of endangering Russian day.—INP lives on Thursday after Turkey forced a Syrian passenger plane land and seized what it susSibbi blast claims to pected was military equipment 12 lives being ferried from Russia to SIBI—At least 12 were been Syrian President Bashar alkilled and 30 others injured Assad. Damascus said the intercepin the result of the remote tion of the Syrian Air plane was controlled bomb blast at an act of piracy, further heightTarin Chowk on Nishtar ening tensions between the Road in Sibi, Balochistan neighbors after Turkey’s chief of Thursday. According to the staff warned his troops would police, the explosion took place on Nishtar road.— Continued on Page 7 SANA


Caffeine over consumption: a human threat

C

AFFEINE is the most widely con sumed behaviorally active sub stance in the world. Average caffeine consumption in humans can range in different cultures and nations from 80 to 400 mg/person per day. In humans, approximately 80% of caffeine is demethylated to paraxanthine and approximately 16% is converted into theobromine and theophylline in the liver. About 3% of caffeine ingested and more than a dozen of its metabolites can be found in urine. No doubt its moderate consumption provide multiplicity of the health benefits including reduced risk of gallstones formation in humans especially in women and lowers the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in humans. It is also related to decrease the incidence or risk of Parkinson’s disease. But its over consumption is a constant source of danger for the user so its harmful effect should be examine that act as a check on its consumption. Caffeine has a diuretic effect and in healthy volunteers the acute administration of caffeine causes a shortterm increase in dieresis. Excessive caffeine consumption causes addiction and lead to caffeinism, a condition that has serious behavioral and physiological side effects. In addition to that caffeine consumption causes the urinary excretion of substances such as sodium, potassium, chlorides, magnesium, and calcium in healthy young females.

Chronic caffeine consumption increases the risk of osteoporosis (A disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly) and hip fracture. functional activation of the shell of the nucleus accumbens, an area involved in addiction and reward, was only induced by the highest dose of caffeine 10 (mg/kg). Effect of the caffeine on the cardiovascular system with a slight increase in blood pressure and heart output. It also undergoes biotransformation in the human body to form mentholated derivatives of uric acid. High caffeine consumption causes less chance of pregnancy and/ or lead to miscarriage in women. It amplified the increases in blood pressure and heart rate associated with higher levels of selfreported stress and these observed blood pressure elevations reach a maximum 30 to 60 minutes after caffeine administration and persist for several hours. As a result these repeated daily blood pressure elevations and increases in stress reactivity caused by caffeine consumption could contribute to an increased risk of coronary heart disease in the adult population. Moreover, chronic caffeine intake affects renal structure, function and blood pressure in patients with Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf distributing certificates and models among position holder students of SSC and HSSC annual examination 2012 at PM Secretariat.

AIOU to introduce new programmes to empower people I SLAMABAD —Allama Iqbal

Open University (AIOU) will soon launch a number of skilled-based programmes to empower people in rural areas to earn their livelihood. This was announced by the University’s Vice-Chancellor, Prof. Dr. Nazir Ahmed Sangi in a certificate distribution ceremony of the first batch of “Gardner ’s training course” arranged by the Department of Agricultural Sciences, AIOU. While addressing to the function, he said the Deans of relevant faculties have been assigned to prepare necessary courses and syllabus for the programmes. Accordingly, the Central for Instructional Design (CID) setup at the University’s main campus will convert the printed courses with CDs to facilitate the students, he asserted. Sufficient funds for undertaking these programmes will also be made available. The AIOU will seek support of other institution like Banazir Income Support Programme. Dr. Sangi instructed the academic staff of the department of agricultural sciences ISLAMBAD: Chairman Senate Nayyar Hussain Bokhari, Zahid Malik Editor-in-Chief to prepare and launch some Pakistan Observer and others cutting cake on the occasion of 20th anniversary of estab- basic courses of agricultural lishment of diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and Pakistan. at level one, two, three.—INP

Nation’s progress linked with highly educated youth: PM formed into a global village and only those countries who will invest in the education will be able to achieve milestones. Prime Minister Raja Parvez said the federal government on its part has taken several steps to achieve the Millenium Development Goals on Education. He expressed concerns over the low literacy rate in the country said steps are being taken to improve it. Four million

children are illiterate and this number is on the rise. He said we will have to take drastic steps to bring this number of illiteracy down. The Prime Minister reminded that illiterate nations can neither achieve economic progress nor can stand on their own feet. He said provision of quality education is imperative to achieve economic development and stand shoulder to shoulder with the developed world.

Book launching ceremony of “Chinese Made Easy”

Unknown gunmen attack senior journalist in capital

SHARAFAT KAZMI ISLAMABAD—Prime Minister Raja Parvez Ashraf has urged the nation to stand united to defeat those who injured Malala Yousafzai in a cowardly act of terrorism. He was addressing the prize and award distribution ceremony of Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education for the position holders of Higher Secondary School Examination in Islamabad

STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Syed Hasan Javed, Pakistan’s High Commissioner to Singapore, author of ‘Chinese Made Easy’, joined Quaid-i-Azam faculty, scholars and students at Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU) to give an insight into the history of the cultural and religious relationship between Pakistan and China.

Thursday. Paying tributes to Malala Yousufzai and her two fellow students, he prayed and also appealed the people to pray for their early recovery. Referring to the challenges of extremism of terrorism, he called upon the educational institutions and the religious scholars to play their role to guide the youth on the right path. He pointed out that the world has trans-

The book launching ceremony of “Chinese Made Easy” and a seminar on “The Gandharan Buddhist Heritage: A bond between Pakistan and China” was organized by the Taxila Institute of Asian Civilizations (TIAC), QAU. Javed encouraged students to retrace the historical context of Buddhism is vital as only limited research

has been conducted on this area which still needs to be explored. While expressing his gratitude to Javed in initiating academic collaboration abroad, Prof. Dr. Masoom Yasinzai, Vice- Chancellor, QAU said “Today’s seminar garners special importance due to two facts. First, it enlightened us about so many aspects of our history.

Independence Day of Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is shaping up its own destiny Echoes of Uzbek ancient cities still heard in Pakistan; New ambassador is very keen to further promote relations; Reception bursts with joyful moments in soft evening of Islamabad LIAQAT TOOR

ambassador with their open Aliev who has special agenda comed all his guests with smile. arms. The friendly and spirited to further promote ties between Dr. Paul Bhatti, as Advisor ISLAMABAD —Pakistan and ambassador-designate Parviz Islamabad and Tashkent wel- on National Harmony, who was Uzbekistan galvanized with ancient bonds of traditions and religious values are moving progressively in all fields with pride. Frequent high level visits between them have further strengthened their ties with mutual benefit. The new ambassador from Tashkent Parviz Aliev, who is waiting to present his credentials to the President to begin his normal diplomatic activities in a country which is already extending whole hearted support to his country did not waste his time to extend invitation to elites in Pakistan to introduce himself and to share with them the happy moments of 21st anniversary of Independence Day of Uzbekistan and 20th anniversary of Pak-Uzbek diplomatic relations. In a vast hall of a local hotel, Pakistani elites, including ISLAMABAD: Advisor on National Harmony Paul Bhatti, Ambassador of Uzbekistan H. politicians, parliamentarians, E. Parviz Aliev, Pir Naqeebur Rehman, Ambassador of Argentina H. E. Rodolfo J. Martin, members of diplomatic corps, Ambassador of Tajikistan H. E. Zubaydullo N Zubaydov, Ambassador of the Kyrgyz businessmen, intellectuals, Republic H. E. Alik Orozov and former Federal Minister Ghous Bux Mehar cutting a mediamen and friends of cake to mark 21st anniversary of the Independence Day of the Republic of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan assembled on and 20th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Uzbekistan and Pakistan.—PO Wednesday to greet the new Photo by Sultan Bashir

Chief Guest on the occasion, joined the ambassador in cutting the ceremonial cake along with other guests after playing of national anthems of both the countries amidst applause by a large number of guests in the hall. The gathering was blended with traditional val-

ues of both Pakistan and Uzbekistan which was a treat to watch. The food served on the occasion had special tastes of both the countries. The two big screens in the hall beamed socio-economic life of Uzbekistan. The photographs of ancient cities including Samarkand and Bukhara exhibited on the occasion reminded the people of Pakistan of ancient seats of learning. Echoes of these cities can still be heard in Pakistan in shape of scholarly books in the homes of Pakistan authored by dwellers of these cities.

I S L A M A B A D —A senior journalist of a private news agency was attacked in federal capital on Thursday at Shahra-e-Faisal, however he remained unhurt. According to details, Editor, News Network International (NNI) news agency was on his way to office on Thursday. Two bullets were fired on him by the unidentified persons from a while colour Corolla car, while he was crossing the Shahra-eFaisal Road adjacent to Rescue-15. However, the journalist remained unhurt luckily. The attackers fled the scene after the firing. Tariq Nadeem immediately reported the incident to Rescue-15. The police has cordoned off the area and started search of the attackers and the car used in the firing incident.—NNI

Seven CDA employees suspended ISLAMABAD—Chairman, Capital Development Authority, Syed Tahir Shahbaz has suspended seven employees of the civic authority, who were involved the new recruitments on the last day of the transfer of the former Chairman CDA, Farkhand Iqbal.—INP


Conference on Child Rights

Zohr

05:30 01:30 04:45

Malala, symbol of peaceful progressive and educated Pakistan STAFF REPOTER I SLAMABAD —Condemning

07:30

October 13 PAF Retired Officers’ Association Rawalpindi / Islamabad chapter is holding monthly meeting at 1600 hours on 13 October, at Air Headquarters Officers’ Mess, Islamabad. All the members and their families are cordially invited and are requested to intimate about their attendance to Secretary PAFROA, Group Captain (Retd) Saeed Nawaz Khan on Telephone No – 9525811-12, 9280376, 03328553066.

the cowardice and shameful attack on Malala Yousafzai, Deputy Speaker, Faisal Karim Kundi has said that Malala Yousafzai was symbol of peaceful progressive forward looking and educated Pakistan. He said that the preparators of this heinous act are the enemy of country and humanity and wanted to disrupt the peace and progress in the country. He said that terrorists are so desperate that they did not spare a child who raised voice against their barbarism. He expressed these view while addressing National Conference on Child Rights at a local hotel today. He said that children represent the hope and future of any nation. He added that the curse of violence, ne-

glect, malnutrition and exploitation mar the possibilities of the progress for children and turn the entire community backward. “Violence against children does not only mean the physical and direct assault on them but it also mean limiting their choices by exposing them to danger and not giving them the opportunity to get the education which they deserve” he said. Deputy Speaker said that Pakistan as a frontline state in war against terrorism had not only suffered huge economic and human losses but the choices of the children in conflict areas were also limited in many respects and subjected to violence. He said that provision of conducive environment for moral and physical and intellectual development of children is our collective responsibility. He said that ensuring safe

and secure environment is imperative for healthy growth of children as well as construction of a progressive and moderate society. The Australian High Commissioner, Peter Heyward said that the protection of children lies at the heart of UN mission. Additionally, he mentioned that there is lot of documentation on rights of the children but the real issue is its implementation in true sense. He also assured that the Australian Government is determined to cooperate with the Government of Pakistan to uplift the status of children. Parliamentary Secretary, Rubina Saadat Qaimkhani also dilated upon the objectives of the conference. She emphasized that the state is obliged to ensure the implementation of all the laws formulated for the protection of children.

Continues

***** EID sale 20 % off starts on Aliya Fahad’s original fabrics at MODEVILLE, house 6, st 60, F-6/3..# 8440011 Time 11 am to 9 pm.

R AWALPINDI —Hundreds of pensioners of Punjab Provincial Cooperative Bank Limited (PPCBL) could not be granted annual increments in pension for the last three years despite the court order. However, pension and salary has been annually increased in every budget from 2009 till 2012. The pensioners are receiving pension without any increments for the last three years despite the court order to grant increments. Talking to INP, they said that the court order in this connection could not be implemented besides a letter was also written to the law minister but for no avail.— INP

5 Pakistanis deported from Greece STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) on Thursday took under custody five Pakistani nationals who were deported from Greece at Benazir Bhutto International Airport here. According to FIA sources, five persons who wanted to illegally enter the European country for making their future were caught in Greece. The law enforcement agency in Greece arrested them when they were trying to cross the border. The Greek government deported them to Islamabad and FIA arrested them as they landed at the BB International Airport. Three among deported persons attempted to escape from the airport but FIA had taken them into custody.

Butcher arrested for selling unhygienic meat R AWALPINDI —A butcher has been arrested at Committee Chowk for selling unhealthy and unhygienic meat. The butcher, Waqas, was challaned and arrested for selling unhealthy meat, which he had brought from other cities. His two accomplices managed to escape from the scene. It is pertinent to mention that sale of unhealthy meat remains on the rise in the city, as appropriate action has not being taken against the violators in the recent past.—Online

Australian HC bids farewell to scholarship recipients STAFF REPORTER

LARGEST exhibition of Pakistani contemporary art celebrating 30 years of Rohtas Gallery is on at the National Art Gallery until October 24th. The exhibition is taking place in galleries 5,6, and 7 of the National Art Gallery. Gallery timing are Sunday to Thursday from 10 A.M. to 5 pm.

PPCBL’s pensioners denied increments for last 3-year

ISLAMABAD: Chairman Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, H. E. Bakir Izetbegovic seen with Chairman POF Wah Cantt Lt. Gen. Muhammad Ahsan, Ambassador of Pakistan to Bosnia and Herzegovina H. E. Syed Khalid Amir Jaffri, Ambassador of Bosnia and Herzegovina to Pakistan H. E. Armin Limo during dinner in his honor at the residence of Bosnian Ambassador.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir

ISLAMABAD: Deputy Speaker, National Assembly, Faisal Karim Kundi in a group photo with the children on the occasion of national conference on Child Rights.

Locals involvement vital in uplift process of capital ISLAMABAD—Islamabad Capital Tertiary (ITC) Administration and CDA should involve the locals of the area to envisage and execute the development projects. Lack of the locals’ involvement in the development process is creating more problems and also wasting public funds. This was stated by PPP leader Faisal Sakhi Butt during his meeting with a delegation of locals here on Thursday. He said that the gap between urban and rural areas of the federal capital should be ended, adding that these areas have been neglected during the suc-

Vegetables price see hike I SLAMABAD —The prices of vegetables increased in September as compared with August – onions up 14%, tomatoes (12%) and potatoes (6%), a Free and Fair Election Network (FAFEN) report says. The report released on Thursday said the July-September 2012 quarter saw a continuous increase in vegetable prices. FAFEN Retail Price Monitors visited 188 retail outlets in 107 districts to gather data on prices of 52 commodities. The statistics show 29 commodities registered a price hike in September; nine decreased and 11 remained constant. Like the preceding month, fruit prices fell in the observed period – bananas (36%), dark red apples (27%) and golden apples (24%).—INP

cessive regimes. The rural areas of Islamabad should be provided with the basic facilities like clean drinking water, electricity and gas at the earliest to bring them at par with the developed areas of the city to improve the level of living, he added. The delegation informed him that the residents of the areas are suffering deeply because of non availability of clean drinking water, inadequate educational, electricity and other basic facilities. Talking to the delegation, Faisal Sakhi Butt said that as Chairman of Former PM Task Force on

Islamabad affairs he tried his level best to resolve these issues on priority and took up the matter with the concerned quarters for a prompt action He said being resident of Islamabad he knows very well the problems being faced by residents. It is also matter of grave concern that the MNA elected from the area also neglected to resolve the people’s problems. Faisal Sakhi Butt urged upon the CDA and the ICT Administration to involve the locals of the areas for envisaging and implementing the development projects.—INP

Historical fountain on way to extinction STAFF REPORTER R AWA L P I N D I —Historical fountain installed in Fawara chowk is on the way to extinction owing to intensified wear and tear and lack of cleanliness arrangements. This fawara (fountain) stands at the confluence of main markets including City Sadar Road, Kashmiri bazaar, Liaqat Road, Iqbal Road, Raja Bazaar and Ganj Mandi. All the roads leading to mega markets coincide at this point. But this historical place has turned into heap of garbage for want of cleanliness arrangements by TMA Rawal town and City District government. The foun-

tain is no more in working condition wearing gloomy look supplicating every one “save me from depletion”. But its voice is a voice in wilderness as the concerned quarters are showing a criminal negligence towards ensuring any repair work. Only drug addicts have emerged a major beneficiary of this state of affairs as they have found a way to fountain pond and are seen sitting there crosslegged with puffing out heroin-packed cigarette and polluting the environment. The citizens demanded immediate repair and cleanliness arrangement to save this cultural heritage.

ISLAMABAD—The Australian High Commissioner, H.E. Peter Heyward, today bid farewell to 25 Pakistani professionals who have been awarded scholarships to undertake agricultural studies at the University of Queensland in Australia through the new Australia Pakistan Agriculture Scholarships (APAS) Short Course Awards Program. Recipients of these scholarships are between 27 and 50 years of age and belong to Punjab, Sind, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit Baltistan, Azad Kashmir and Baluchistan. “The APAS Program provides masters and short-term study opportunities for professionals and academics who are working in the agriculture sector to extend their knowledge of propoor market development in rural areas”, said Mr Heyward during his address to students at their pre-departure briefing. A representative of the selected awardees said that the APAS Program would not only give them the opportunity to benefit from Australia’s expertise in agriculture, but would also enhance their understanding of Australia. The APAS scheme is part of the Australian Government’s ‘Australia Awards’ program, which aims to develop capacity and leadership skills so that individuals can contribute to development in their home country, and to build people to people linkages at the individual, institutional and country levels.

Plan Int’l launches, ‘Because I Am A Girl’ campaign STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD —Plan

International Pakistan celebrated the launch of Because I Am A Girl Campaign on Thursday. The Honourable Federal Minister for Information and Broadcasting Qamar Zaman Kaira was the chief guest at the occasion. Plan’s ‘Because I am a Girl’ campaign will support 4 million girls to get the education, skills and support they need to move themselves from poverty to opportunity over the next 4 years. The United Nations has marked 11th October as the official ‘International Day of the Girl child’. The main focus of Plan’s ‘Because I am a girl’ campaign is education and ending of violence against girls to overcome the obstacles to their development. The key challenges globally are that 75 million girls are out of school, one in three girls is denied

secondary education, 150 million girls under 18 have experienced rape or other form of sexual violence, 10 million girls are forced or coerced into child marriage every year. Pregnancy and child birth are the leading causes of death for girls aged 15-19 in the world’s poorest countries. Because I am a Girl Report 2012 was presented followed by a brief on BIAAG Campaign. The Country Director, Plan International Pakistan Mr. Rashid Javed wel-comed the guests and gave brief introduction of Plan International Pakistan. In his address he said, “As we celebrate the first International Day of the Girl, let us work together to uphold the rights of all children especially girls and give them the opportunities to grow. Therefore, I call upon the Government of Pakistan to sign Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of

the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict and Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure. I also call upon the government to enhance budget for girls education on this very first ‘International Day of the girl child’ declared by the UN General assembly”. Speaking on the occasion the chief guest Federal Minister for Information & Broadcasting Mr. Qamar Zaman Kaira said, “Let me inform you that the present government has done a lot for the development of women and girls of the country. It was Shaheed Benazir Bhutto who for the first time instituted Ministry of Women development, now merged into the Ministry of Human rights. PPP’s women are the maxi-mum in number elected on direct seats for the national assembly and the provinces, Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan”.

Dead body of a Women displaying toys on occasion of International Day for the Girl new born baby ISLAMABAD: Child, outside National Press Club. recovered I SLAMABAD—Dead body of a newborn baby was found from Bara Kahu here the other day. Police got information that in the area of Nai Abad near Chaudharian that a dead body of a baby is lying there. Apparently some one left the newborn baby to die and fled away from the scene successfully. On getting information police reached the spot and took the dead body into custody. Later on, Police registered the case against unidentified parents and started thorough investigation.—Online

Sacrificial animals start arriving in twin cities

I SLAMABAD —Prior to the Eid-ul-Azha, the residents of twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi have started bringing sacrificial animals in the cities, seeking the attention of the civic authorities towards arrangements for the Eid. Majority of the residents of the twin cities prefer to bring the animals for sacrifice on the Eid from their ancestral villages and keep them in their house for some days before Eid but some bought the animals from the bazaars established by the respective city administrations. Talking to INP, Shehroz Khan, a resident of Rawalpindi, said that he usually brings the sacrificial cattle from his native village 15 to ISLAMABAD: Pastor of Fatima Church distributing Holy communion after the pray for 20 days before Eid as his children like to play with them. the quick recovery of Malala Yousafzai.

Rawalpindi-Gujar Khan airconditioned bus service halted since last week

R AWALPINDI —The newly launched air-conditioned bus service between Rawalpindi and Gujar Khan has been stopped for the last one week causing problems to commuters. The CNG buses were appreciated by the public a few months back but the only decent transport service was halted. Commuters talking to INP said that initially they

thought bus service was stopped due to three-day closure of CNG under load management schedule but the service remain suspended even after resumption of CNG. Sources said that as the buses operate only on gas and due to closure of CNG station for three days, the administration could not earn enough to afford expanses because bus service remains

operational just for four days a week. Moreover, low gas pressure further aggravates the situation as the air-conditioned buses lack the facility to operate on petrol. It should be mentioned here that air-conditioned bus service was launched by Punjab government in collaboration with a bank which has failed in first four months of its launching.—INP

Former Generals condemn attack on Malala STAFF REPORTER RAWALPINDI—The Pakistan Ex-servicemen Association (PESA) on Thursday condemned in strongest possible words the savage attack on Malala Yusafzai in the name of Islam. Terrorists are defaming the religion of peace for their unholy agenda which is nothing but fierce rejection of anything that stands for democracy, moderation and human rights, it said. These observations were made in a meeting of PESA presided by Lt. Gen (retd) Ali Kuli Khan. Vice Admiral Ahmad Tasnim. Air Marshal Masood Akhtar, former ambassador Salim Nawaz Gandapur, Brig Riaz

Ahmed, Brig Masud ul Hassan, Major Farouk Hameed and others were also present. The meeting observed that there could be nothing more barbaric than a preplanned direct attack on a 14 years old schoolgirl who is a symbol of hope. The terrorists are not only defaming religion but also Pashtuns who have glorious traditions of bravery and chivalry. Former military strategists said that recent attack highlight need for total defeat of Pakistani Taliban while reaction indicates that masses have rejected return to tyranny and barbarity in the name of religion. False interpretation of Islam by TTP stands rejected.

This attack highlights total failure of our law enforcement agencies in dealing with this band of terrorists, they observed. The meeting noted that a great fanfare is made when some so-called ‘master minds’ are arrested but none gets convicted due to absence of any worthwhile evidence. This reflects very poorly on investigative ability of our police and Intelligence Bureau. It is also unfortunate that the government has taken no action against police officers for their failure to pursue terrorism-related cases effectively which has provided open field to the criminals to engage in such terrorist activities all over the country.


Number of disappeared persons in IHK varies: APDP SRINAGAR— In the back- credibility. “These contradic- ances FIRs have been regis- Najeeb Suharwardy had ac- then Chief Minster, Ghulam Chief Minister, Omar Abdullah stantive information regarding itself at least thrice in the last drop of the statement of the state government in legislative assembly where it had said 2305 persons have been disappeared in the state since 1990, the Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP) said that different governments had put up a different number of the disappeared thus questioning the

Attack on Malala condemned S RINAGAR — The Hurriyat Conference (G) Chairman Syed Ali Geelani has condemned the attack on Pakistani National Award Peace winner Malala Yousufzai and described the act as un-Islamic. Geelani was speaking on the occasion of his autobiography release in Wullar Kinare (Along banks of River Wullar). “There is no place for such heinous acts in Islam,” said Geelani. “It is an attempt to defame Islam and I strongly condemned TTP.” “Pakistani Taliban has claimed the responsibility of attack on Malala and termed her pro-secularism and pro-Obama but they are not doing right things. We condemn it and pray her speedy recovery,” Geelani told media. He was speaking on the occasion of launching ceremony of the second edition of his autobiography:” Wular Kinary at his home in Hyderpora.—NNI

90pc Kashmiris wants Azadi: Javed Mir SRINAGAR—Liberation leader, Javed Ahmad Mir in response to the assertions of Indian Finance Minister, P Chidambaram on Kashmir said that the same Chidambaram had announced in his address to the Parliament in 2010 that “Kashmir is a unique dispute and needs a unique solution. We have to put our heads together to find a settlement to the unique problem.”Javed Ahmad Mir in a statement issued in Srinagar quoting two Indian magazines ‘India Today’ and ‘Outlook’, said that noted human rights activists of India in their survey reports had found that 90 per cent of the population in Kashmir were in favour of Azadi (freedom). The United Nations has also declared Kashmir as a disputed territory, he added. He was reacting to P Chidambaram’s statement in which he had claimed that only a small section of population in Kashmir wanted freedom.—KMS

tory statements and unabated denial also amount to obfuscation to truth and cover up. The government by these cover up statements is siding with the perpetrators and thus politically culpable for these crimes,” the APDP said in a statement. In response to latest statement of the government that only in 182 out of 2305 cases of disappear-

tered, Khuram Pervez, program coordinator of the APDP said “it means that government shamelessly admitted that they have denied the right of investigation and justice to the remaining cases of disappearances.” Elaborating Pervez said on July 18, 2002 the then Home Minister of National Conference government, Khalid

knowledged that 3184 persons had gone missing since 1989. “Similarly on June 11, 2003, the Peoples’ Democratic Party led government admitted 3744 persons are missing in the State since 1989. Later on June 21 2003 the Government stated that 3931 persons were missing. In March 2006, contradicting the earlier figures again, the

on August 17, 2009, informed the State Legislature that 3429 persons had gone missing between 1990 to July 2009. On March 23 2010, the Omar Abdullah government informed the State Legislative Assembly that 1105 persons have disappeared during the turmoil in the State since 1989. The statement was not supported by any sub-

any missing persons having been found,” he said. “Based on the contradictory statements furnished by Government in the State Legislative Assembly for last 10 years, it appears that Government has consistently contradicted itself,” he said. “The incumbent Government clearly appears irresponsible as it has contradicted

four years without providing any explanation for the contradictions. These contradictory statements are also a reflection of how insensitive government is towards the plight of the family members of the disappeared,” he said. He said in the latest statement the government claims that only in 182 out of 2305 cases.—NNI

Geelani sees replication of East India Company conspiracy SRINAGAR —The veteran Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Geelani has termed the recent visits of the Indian business tycoons to the occupied territory as an attempt to replicate the designs of East India Company. Syed Ali Geelani addressing a public meeting in Srinagar said that Tatas and Birlas were coming with an agenda to facilitate New Delhi’s rule over Kashmir by trying to buy Kashmiri businessmen, writers and media houses. He criticized Kashmir University officials for allowing the campus to be used by Indian authorities as a field of promoting non-Kashmiri values. The veteran leader reminded India and its collaborators that the sentiments of freedom run deep in the blood of

the Kashmiris. Hurriyet leaders including Mohammad Ashraf Sehrai, Gulam Nabi Sumji, Columnist Hassan Zaingaeeri and Professor of Law, Dr Sheikh Showkat Hussain also addressed the gathering. The Jama’at-e-Islami of occupied Kashmir, liberation leader, Javed Ahmad Mir and Executive Director of Kashmir Centre London, Professor Nazir Ahmed Shawl in their separate statements said that the South Asian region could not be turned into a tension-free zone without resolving the Kashmir dispute in accordance with the Kashmiris’ aspirations. They rejected the Indian Foreign Minister S M Krishna’s claim that Kashmir was India’s inte-

gral part and asked India to testify the claim through holding plebiscite in the territory. Puppet Minister for Law and Rural Development in occupied Kashmir, Ali Mohammad Sagar told the so-called Legislative Assembly in Srinagar that Jammu and Kashmir was a disputed territory and needed a political settlement. The traders have called for a complete strike across the occupied territory, tomorrow against anti-people policies of the puppet administration. Senior APHC leader Shabbir Ahmad Shah, High Court Bar Association, the Kashmir Chamber of Commerce and Industry and other traders’ organizations have supported the call.—KMS

Govt employees protest in IHK, demand regularisation of jobs SRINAGAR—Government em- tract he signed with representaployees in Jammu and Kashmir protested on Wednesday and Thursday against the state government for not meeting their demand for regularisation of their jobs. Interacting with reporters the protesters said Chief Minister Omar Abdullah has not fulfilled the promise that he made to the people of the state with regards to job regularisation. “Through media, I request the chief minister of Kashmir Omar Abdullah that he should fulfill requirements of the con-

tives of state government employees. Abdullah’s political advisor, Devender Singh Rana was also looking through the agreement and we were given an assurance that they would be given their rights. However this does not seem to be the case and we are still suffering. If such is the attitude of the provincial government towards its own employees then how would it treat the common man? Dignity of the government is at stake,” said Alam.

Protesters added if their demands were not met, they would launch massive agitations from October 15. “After October 15, our joint consultative committee will launch mass agitation and it would comprise of government employees and the provincial government will be held responsible. They will have to bear the consequences after our agitation,” said Alam. The protestors threatened to intensify the protests if the provincial government fails to take action for their welfare. —INP

Yousaf : India subverting Kashmir issue

ISLAMABAD: Chairman Accountability Bureau Sardar Rafique called on AJK President Sardar Yaqoob Khan.

Puppet regime can neither open, nor upgrade a school SRINAGAR—The puppet administration in occupied Kashmir is so helpless in handling of its day-to-day affairs that it cannot decide on its own even to open a new primary school or upgrade an existing one.This was acknowledged by the administration in response to a question raised by MLA MY Tarigami during the ongoing socalled assembly session in Srinagar. The House was informed that the Indian Ministry of Human Resources Development (HRD) had rejected the puppet administration’s proposal for opening of new primary schools and up-gradation of existing schools. It was said that the administration had sent a proposal to the Indian government for opening of 573 new primary schools and up-gradation of 285 existing schools. “The proposal was not accepted by the government of India,” an official replying to the query said. However, the reasons behind the rejection of the proposal were not cited.—Online

India, Pakistan accepted disputed status of Kashmir: Sagar tells Assembly SRINAGAR—A day after Assembly Speaker Mohammad Akbar Lone criticized MLA Langate Sheikh Abdur Rashid for his stance on Kashmir dispute, senior National Conference leader and Minister for Law and Rural Development Ali Mohammad Sagar has said India and Pakistan have accepted the disputed status of Jammu and Kashmir. “Kashmir issue is a dispute and India and Pakistan have agreed on the subject,” Sagar told Assembly during his marathon speech on Panchayats. He said high voter turnout during polls has nothing to do with the Kashmir dispute. “The Chief Minister Omar Abdullah has been reiterating that voting and larger political sphere around Kashmir are two different things”.Sagar also took a dig at PDP leader Muzaffar Hussain Beigh for his remarks on NC founder Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah. Beigh had accused Sheikh of diluting Article 370, which guarantees a special sta-

tus for Jammu and Kashmir under Indian constitution. “Sheikh Abdullah fought for Kashmir independence since 1930s and gave numerous sacrifices for people of the state. To target him is a lower form of politics, and I think everyone should respect his stature,” said Sagar. He said even his critics’ respect him for his sincerity and vision. It is pertinent to mention here that MLA Langate during his speech on Panchayat killings had termed Kashmir as a disputed territory and demanded plebiscite in the region. The rightwing BJP had demanded expunging of his speech from the Assembly records. However, Speaker didn’t listen to BJP’s demands but criticized Rashid for his remarks. NC’s Nazir Gurazee accused Rashid for disloyalty to India while Congress leader and Minister for Health Sham Lal Sharma demanded his expulsion from the Assembly. “When Sagar used the

same words, there was no opposition to his speech from any of the benches. I had said the same thing yesterday,” Rashid said. Earlier, in the Legislative Assembly, everyone was taken by surprise when MLA Langate Er Rashid said that he does not accept constitution of India. The angry members of the house agitated against the remarks made by him and Speaker M Akbar Lone had to read and remind him of the oath which every legislator has to take at the time of filing his nomination as a candidate in the elections. While taking part in the discussion about the empowerment and the security of Panches and Sarpanches, Rashid said: “Rahul Gandhi says that he is a Kashmiri but Dr Farooq Abdullah, a Kashmiri, proudly says that he is an Indian.” Rashid was interrupted by National Conference members and even the speaker. “Rashid Sahab, tell me are you not an Indian?” the Speaker asked. Rashid responded.—NNI

Traders assured support for strike

S RINAGAR — Acting Chairman Muslim League Muhammad Yousuf Mir has accused India of subverting the issue of Kashmir with dayto-day problems. “Whether it be an issue with government employees, unemployment issue, electricity issue or LPG cap issue, these are all a deliberate gimmick from the government to trap people, so that real issues of freedom is forgotten,” Mir said in a statement. Accepting that these issues are important for survival, he said, “Our first priority should be freedom and that cannot be possible in life of slavery.” Mir appealed trade unions, employees, columnists, civil society members, intellectuals to highlight Kashmir issue at various forums.—NNI

Nabi Azad stated that 693 cases of disappearances have been registered,” Pervez said. He said on May 2, 2008, the then NC president Omar Abdullah stated during a press conference that 4000 persons had disappeared. “This statement came when Omar Abdullah was in the opposition. After assuming the office of the

MUZAFFARABAD: Deputy Administrator Municipal Corporation Shaikh Azhar review- S RINAGAR —S enior APHC ing cleanliness drive in a city locality. leader Shabbir Ahmad Shah, High Court Bar Association, the Kashmir Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI) and other trader organizations have extended their support to call for strike on Friday given by the traders against anti-people policies of the puppet administraSRINAGAR—Terming the en- have quickly slapped PSA on lining corruption issue fearing tion.The KCCI President, Abdul try of three Jammu youth in them by terming them anti-na- they might get exposed,” she Hamid Punjabi in a statement in said. State Legislative Assembly as a tionals,” Mehbooba said. She said corruption and Mehbooba said that the Srinagar said, “KCCI is in comsecurity lapse Peoples Demoplete conformity and supports cratic Party President dissatisfaction was prevailing backdoor appointments and re- the appeal of Kashmir Traders all over the State. “Where there appointment of retired employMehbooba Mufti has said Puband Manufacturers Federation lic Safety Act (PSA) would is a cricket scam in which ees were a cause for injustice to (KTMF) for a complete strike Farooq Abdullah is allegedly unemployed youth of the State. have been slapped on the youth “Ruling political executive on Friday for demanding the involved, where corruption had they been Kashmiris. removal of LPG cap of six cyl“What happened is a secu- cases are pending against min- has lost moral authority before inders keeping in view the cliisters and where corruption is the civil administration and that rity lapse and the fortunate thing matic conditions of Valley vizis that the boys belong to allowed from top to bottom, in is why the officers are feeling a-viz the unavailability of alterJammu. Had they been from such a situation people are de- free to indulge in corrupt prac- native energy source.—Online MUZAFFARABAD: AJK Additional Chief Secretary Raja Aizaz Naseem discussing law and order situation with SSP city Raja Shafqat Tanveer Khan. Kashmir, government would nied justice. Ministers are side- tices,” Mehbooba said.—NNI

Govt would have slapped PSA on youth if intruders were Kashmiris

The only guarantee for peace DR GHULAM NABI FAI

T

he Kashmir question is one of the oldest unresolved international disputes in the world. The issue has been pend-ing on the agenda of the Security Council since 1948. At that point, an agreement took place between India and Pakistan, endorsed by the United Nations that guaranteeing the right to self-determination to the people of Jammu & Kashmir. The people of Kashmir who have never lost hope in the United Nations have since that date sought to freely exercise their right to self-determination. India, however, was soon undeceived of its delusions over Kash-mir’s political yearning. Recognizing that its people would never freely vote accession to India, it contrived excuse after excuse to frustrate a plebiscite. India’s proclamation has never been accepted by the United Nations, which continues to list Kashmir as a disputed territory. President Barack Obama confirmed that opin-

ion in New Delhi on November 8, 2010 when he said that Kashmir obviously was a long-standing dispute between India and Pakistan. He also said that both Pakistan and India had an interest in reducing tensions between the two countries. The Kashmir dispute primarily involves the life and future of 16 million people of the land. Because of its impact on relations between India and Pakistan, however, it directly affects the peace and stability of the South Asian subcontinent. This is a region which contains one-fifth of the total human race. The experience of nearly six decades has shown that the dispute will not go away and that an effort is urgently required to resolve the dispute on a durable basis. It is imperative that real populations with a pronounced sense of identity of their own, with their suffering and their aspirations rather than just legal title and merit are involved. Kashmir is the Gordian knot of peace and prosperity in South Asia. A just and final resolution of

its sovereignty in accord with the wishes of the people of Jammu and Kashmir is of utmost regional and international importance. Kashmir is the most densely soldiered and most nuclear combustible territory on the planet. It stands apart as the most cantankerous of conflicts, with the catastrophic possibility of nuclear devastation. After all India and Pakistan have fought three wars and nearly began a fourth with the ever-present threat of nuclear exchange. The persistence of this problem has been a source of weakness for both India and Pakistan. It has diminished both these neighbouring countries. This has been a fact in the last century and it is underlined by the unfolding envi-ronment of the twenty-first century. The world powers draw great satisfaction from India’s striking economic progress which will enable India to play its rightful role as a great power. But a great power cannot afford disputed boundaries if it wishes to maintain or enhance its prestige and influence.

The lesson of history – both old and new – is that peace is impossible if a people or nation is treated as a negotiable pawn by big powers. The most harrowing example is appeasement of Hitler at the expense of the Sudetenland and Czechoslovakia. In more recent times, East Timor remained convulsed for 27 years after its illegal occupation by Indonesia until self-determination was accepted in 1999. The recent peaceful processions of more than 1 million people testify that the people of Kashmir covet their freedom and sovereignty no less intently. Kashmir is not beyond a solution if all the parties involved – Pakistan, India, and Kashmiris – make concessions. The next step is not to craft a solution, but to set the stage for crafting a solution. Key to that objective is an ap-pointment of a person of international standing like Bishop Desmond Tutu by the United Nations. The grave situation in Kashmir demands that it should be brought to the attention of the Secu-

rity Council. Whether this could be done successfully depends on the attitude and policies of the permanent members, but they should be left in no doubt that any failure to resolve the problem could lead to serious disorders throughout the South Asian Subcontinent and possibly to yet another war between India and Pakistan, with incalculable consequences for the whole world, since both states now have nuclear capabilities. The question arises what should be the point of departure for determining a just and lasting basis? The answer obviously is (a) the Charter of the United Nations which, in its very first article, speaks of ‘respect for the princi-ples of equal rights and self-determination of peoples’ and (b) the international agreements between the parties to the dispute at the Security Council. The writer is executive director of the Kashmiri American Council Washington, DC.


Foreign reserves ISLAMABAD—The total liquid foreign reserves held by the country stood at US $ 14,406.7 million on October 5, 2012. A statement of the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) issued here said. Giving break-up of the foreign reserves position, the SBP said that the reserves held by the State Bank of Pakistan stood at US $ 9,919.4 million while net foreign reserves held by banks (other than SBP) stood at US $ 4,487.3 million. The total liquid foreign reserves stood at $ 14,406.7 million, the statement added.—APP

PR earns Rs 6b ISLAMABAD—The Senate was informed on Thursday that Pakistan Railways has earned around six billion rupees by leasing over ten thousand acres of land during the last ten years. The Senate resumed its session in Islamabad Thursday with Chairman Syed Nayyar Hussain Bukhari in the chair. Minister for Railways Haji Ghulam Ahmad Bilour told the House during question hour that all the railways land is leased out through open public auction and sealed biddings. He said we have recovered many pieces of land under the directives of the Supreme Court. He, however, said that some land of the Railway is still under the possession of some government departments and Pakistan Railways is making efforts for its recovery.Regarding the question on the constitution of railway board, the Minister said most of the people have been hired from the private sector.— SANA

Shares, oil dip L ONDON —European shares and oil fell after weak data from China and Australia deepened concerns about the global economy, while the euro held steady as traders waited for Spain’s next move in solving its debt problems. China’s giant economy looks set for a seventh quarter of slowing growth after an official survey pointed to a drop in service sector activity and Australia’s August trade deficit showed weaker demand for commodities exports. The data sent the MSCI index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan down 0.2 percent and saw the FTSE Eurofirst 300 index (.FTEU3) of top European shares open around 0.3 percent lower at 1,098.30 points.— Newswire

Pak has opportunities for Japanese investors SHARAFAT KAZMI ISLAMABAD—Pakistan’s liberal investment policies and growth potential offers tremendous strategic opportunities for Japanese investors in different sectors of economy”, this was stated by Dr. Abdul Hafeez Shaikh Finance Minister of Pakistan while speaking at a MIGA lunch hosted in his honor where more than thirty representatives of the top Japanese companies participated. He said that MIGA (Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency) is an important component of World Bank Group, promoting investment and prosperity. “We enjoy good political, eco-

— Steve Jobs

He said that all the institutions in Pakistan are working freely in their respective spheres. Judiciary is performing independently media is free and vibrant, there are about 88 TV channels openly criticizing the government policies. All the actions of the government are exposed for close scrutiny of the media. It shows the strength of Pakistani society. Dr Abdul Hafeez Shaikh, Finance Minister addressing the Japanese Businessmen. Highlighting the economic situation of Pakistan, the Minister said that measures are being taken to bring macroeconomic stability in the counAccording to the latest The SBP in its monetary STAFF REPORTER try hence we tried to remain figures on monetary aggre- policy statement has asked fiscally austere. He said that K A R A C H I — G o v e r n m e n t gates, total government bor- the banks to step up efforts despite various constraints, AMANULLAH KHAN borrowing from the sched- rowing stood at Rs532 billion and go back to their basic the government is trying to July 1 to September 28, intermediary role and chanmobilize the resources. K ARACHI —The Banking uled banks reached a record from indicating an increase of 86 nel funds to the private sechigh of Rs532 billion during Services Corporation has ispercent against the same pe- tor. sued special directives to the first quarter of the cur- riod last year. The shift in banks’ lendrent fiscal year, mainly on ensure uninterrupted funcThe federal government ing behaviour from private account of shortfall in the tioning of ATMS during Eid had borrowed Rs518 billion sector to the government exempted the cement and Holidays throughout the revenue receipts. from scheduled banks during took heavy toll on credit offWeak foreign financial continuous process indus- country. the same period. take growth, which plunged inflows, increasing governIn this regard, the State tries from load shedding but The fiscal borrowing from from 22.4 percent in FY08 to ment expenditures, fall in the not the spinning industry. Bank of Pakistan Banking the banking system for the 0.7 percent by the end of It has irked the spinners Services Corporation (SBP revenue collection and re- budgetary support declined FY12. tirement of the SBP loans are BSC) has set up Customer at large, cursing the Ministo Rs178 billion, while the According to the SBP, try for Water and Power for Facilitation Centres at all its the major factors respon- government had also retired scheduled banks are finding sible for excessive budgetits failure in understanding sixteen field offices to ensure a loan of Rs360 billion to the it easy to avoid the private the priority of the spinning smooth and uninterrupted ary borrowing from the State Bank during the period sector by lending the govbanks during July-Septemindustry for uninterrupted functioning of Automated ernment without any risk. under review. power supply. They have Teller Machines (ATMs) of ber FY13. urged the President and the commercial banks throughPrime Minister to intervene out the country, especially and ensure uninterrupted during Eid-ul-Azha holidays. These Customer Facilitasupply to the spinning intion Centres, which are opdustry forthwith. erational from 9.00 A.M. to 5.30 P.M. on all working days, will receive complaints from the general public regarding non-functioning of ATMs and make them working within the shortest possible increased to 44.768 million time. These Facilitation Centons. He said low capacity tres will also be operational utilization is particularly more from 9.00 A.M. to 5.30 P.M. painful for those units that during Eid-ul-Azha holidays. The members of the genenhanced their capacities in recent years. He said debt eral public are advised to servicing has now become a lodge their complaints per- ISLAMABAD: Bilal Mustafa, Managing Director of BoK with executives and branch staff major component of cost as taining to the non-function- during formal inauguration of BoK Raast Islamic Banking Branch in F-10 Markaz. even after three interest rates ing of ATMs in their area cuts in past six months the from 9.00 A.M. to 5.30 P.M. effective bank markup for the during all working days and industry is still well above 12 Eid-ul Azha holidays at the percent. He appealed the SBP BSC field offices. to purchase fuel and other ments and the price of furSTAFF REPORTER planners to provide some insupplies. However, Disco nace oil is rapidly fluctuatdustry specific interest rebate I SLAMABAD —The power receivables of Rs420.61 bil- ing with the international to the industry to keep it sector payables have in- lion, if realised can clear market prices. afloat. The present crisis, creased to Rs 487.93 billion these outstanding payExports to India in fact however, is due to circular and receivables to Rs 420.61 ments. have been on constant deEfforts are being made debt, shortage of water and billion. cline ever since the two counPower sector’s payable to recover outstanding constraints in supply of O UR CORRESPONDENT tries opened their borders for to gas companies stood at bills from private consum- gas. The effect of circular liberal bilateral trade. Q UETTA —World Bank sug- Rs28.41 billion, oil compa- ers as well as from govern- debt was mitigated to congested Balochistan govern- nies Rs 32.77 billion, IPPs ment to achieve this objec- siderable extent by subsidy payments. ment to construct more dams Rs 321.37 billion, Wapda tive. In the past due attention In order to resolve the for Hydel Rs 78.72 billion to preserve rainwater in the wake of fast declining level and Rs 26.67 billion to oth- had not been given to de- issue once and for all, the velopment of hydropower Prime Minister has apers. of subsoil water. The outstanding pay- resources. Moreover, gas pointed a Ministerial ComA delegation of World ment of IPPs and other gen- for power sector is not mittee headed by Minister Hanak, President of the Con- Bank headed by Mehwash erator affect their capacity available as per require- of Finance. Wasaq called on Balochistan federation of Industry of the Senior Minister for Planning Czech Republic. In these meetings the and Development Maulana need to enhance the already Abdul Wasey and presented existing cordial relations be- him suggestions to resolve Company of Pakistan Lim- three exchanges that shall STAFF REPORTER tween the two countries was water crisis issue of ited (NCCPL) is responsible be managed by the NCCPL stressed upon. It was dis- Balochistan. The delegation I SLAMABAD —After the for settlement of all trades and the amounts of the emphasised the need to adopt cussed that governmental corporatization and done by the brokers of the Fund could be utilized in support is crucial to bring the scientific method to preserve demutualization of the three exchanges. case of default of any brotwo countries closer in terms rainwater to meet requirement Islamabad Stock Exchange However, so far such ker. of drinking and irrigation waof investment, trade, cultural, Moreover, for its further (ISE), amendments are being settlement is not guaranteed tourism and all other poten- ter. made in the regulatory frame- by the NCCPL. Therefore improvement, the risk manThe WB officials sugtial areas. due to default of any bro- agement system of the browork of the ISE. Martin Kuba accepted the gested that more dams should ker in delivery of shares and ker presently being done by The focus has been invitation of Chairman BOI to be constructed in the prov- given on revising criteria for amounts, the settlement the exchanges is also being ince to preserve rainwater bevisit Pakistan to enhance the TRE Certificate Holder and system is affected. In order transferred to NCCPL for economic and business rela- sides adopting trickle irriga- brokers and regulations re- to remove this issue, a which the preparation of nections. Side by side with offi tion system to get more pro- lating to investor protec- Settlement Guarantee Fund essary regulations is in duction of crops and fruit gartion. National Clearing is being established by the progress. Continued on Page 14 dens.

ATMS to function smoothly during Eid holidays

Govt borrowing at Rs532b

Power shortfall declines STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Power shortfall has come down to 3600MW from 4000MW a day earlier, but still the urban and rural areas were short of supply for eight and 12 hours a day respectively. Demand for power has reached to 16303MW against supply of 12780MW during last 24 hours. Resultantly, the con-

sumers are in a difficult situation as they are unable to understand as why they are facing with load shedding despite no use of air conditioners in the country. Moreover, the industrial consumers are the worst victims of the situation as they are short of energy supply, both electricity and gas. Also, they are crying for exemption from load shedding in order to continue with their operations. The Ministry for Water and Power has

Stagnant demand, declining export hurt cement industry TARIQ KHATTAK I SLAMABAD —With cement industries operating at 68.86% of its installed capacity industry circles are worried by the stagnant domestic demand during the first three months of this fiscal and continuously declining exports which is hurting the viability of the industry. A spokesman of All Pakistan Cement Manufacturers Association said that during the first quarter of this fiscal the industry despatched only 7,707,399 tons of cement which was nominally higher than the total cement despatches of 7,496,470 tons during corre-

Auto sales at 15-month low STAFF REPORTER

sponding quarter of last year. He said the local demand increased during the quarter by 5.30 percent but the decline in exports by 2.68 percent reduced the overall gain in despatches to 2.81 percent. He said in September the mills in north despatched 1,499,246 tons of cement for domestic market and exported only 633,867 tons of the commodity. He said the South based mills despatched 294,041 tons of cement for domestic and exported only 184,182 tons of cement. The spokesman said that the total production capacity of cement industry has

Power sector payables at Rs488b

WB for preservation of rainwater in Balochistan

Investment conference in Czech Republic STAFF REPORTER

K ARACHI —Pakistan

car sales declined to 30,541 units during the first quarter of Wheat quota FY13, down 30 percent comStaff Correspondent pared to 43,694 units in the P E S H AWA R —Pakistan same period last year. Flour Mills Association During September, sales (PFMA) Khyber volumes declined to a 15Pakhtunkhwa has demonth low and stood at 9,721 manded the restoration of units, down 6 percent from wheat quota for flour last month and 31 percent mills, saying that the compared to September 2011. provincial government Amongst individual comhas huge stock of the panies, Pak Suzuki (PSMC) commodity, which should sales during the first quarter be released to mills with of FY13 declined by 33 perimmediate effect. The cent to 17,659 units as meeting of the association was held here in the against 26,415 units sold in the same period last year. regional office of PFMA with provincial chairman, Mohammad Naeem Butt in the chair. The meeting was attended by vice presidents and members of the executive committee. The association reiterated demand for cut in the issuing price of wheat for the flour mills of the province, saying the issuance price of the commodity is higher than other provinces of the country.

“Your time is precious, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life.”

nomic and cultural relationship with Japan, both the countries are collaborating in many projects from textile to mining”, the Minister said. He paid tributes to the Japanese people and government for introducing latest technology and management skills to Pakistan. Dr. Abdul Hafeez Shaikh said that Pakistan is undergoing a transition, “now we have a democratic government which for the first time in the history of Pakistan is going to complete its full tenure and we are going next year in an election phase, this is a good omen for development and prosperity for the people of Pakistan”, he added.

ISLAMABAD—Chairman BOI, Saleem H. Mandviwalla attended an investment conference in the Czech Republic which proved very successful results regarding the business and investment between the two countries. Mr. Mandviwalla was given an extremely warm welcome and several successful meetings were held with Mr. Pavel Bem, Chairman Inter-parliamentary Friendship Group, Czech-Pak in the Parliament of Czech Repubic, H.E Mr. Martin Kuba, Minister of Industry and Trade, Mr. Jaroslav

Amendment in ISE rules

Pak urges OIC members to focus on SME sector

I STANBUL —The 28th session of the Standing Committee for Economic and Commercial Cooperation (COMCEC) of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) was held in Istanbul. Various Ministers from OIC member states represented their governments while the inaugural session was opened by Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoðan. The Pakistan delegation was led by Senior Minister and Minister for Commerce Makhdoom Muhammad Amin Fahim. COMCEC Secretariat in Participants of the 28th Session of COMCEC with Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan at Istanbul, Turkey. Minister for Commerce consultation with OIC member countries honoured PakiMakhdoom Amin Fahim could also be seen.

stan by asking H.E. Makhdoom Amin Fahim to make a speech on behalf of the Asia Group. In his speech, Makhdoom Amin Fahim appreciated the role of OIC and COMCEC for the development of member countries through various initiatives. He emphasized on the need for greater economic and technical cooperation among members and urged members to benefit from each other’s expertise. He mentioned Small & Medium Enterprise (SME) sector as a vehicle for growth. He said it is imperative that we focus our energies on the development of the SME sector.


Siemens Pakistan appoints new CEO STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—The board of directors of Siemens Pakistan has appointed Guenter Zwickl as new chief execu-

Afghan conflict not to cloud TAPI prospects: Atadjan STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Ambassador of Turkmenistan to Pakistan Atadjan Movlamov on Thursday said Pakistan can resolve its energy crisis by expediting work on The Turkmenistan-AfghanistanPakistan-India (TAPI) Gas Pipeline Project. He said that Turkmenistan is extending its railways and power network to Afghanistan which can offer new opportunities to Pakistan boost its transit trade business and cope with power shortfall. This he said while talking to President FPCCI Haji Ghulam Kadir Sherani, VP Saarc Chamber Iftikhar Ali Malik, VP, FPCCI Haroon Rashid, Hina Mansab and others. Atadjan Movlamov said that concerns about security challenges to TAPI gas pipe-

tive officer and managing director. Zwickl will continue to focus on streamlining and growing the company’s business in the country and further developing local expertise. “I am delighted to be in Pakistan and head a company that offers answers to the massive challenges facing the country. At Siemens Pakistan, we have a long history of association with the country and have been its partner in progress since its inception. I intend to build on that relationship and am fully committed to continue growing our business here and to play a leading role in developing furSTAFF REPORTER ther the local expertise needed to meet Pakistan’s K A R A C H I — M u h a m m a d development goals,” Zwickl Haroon Agar President KCCI said.

line are baseless as Afghan government will get some eight per cent of the revenue while all stakeholders there favour this mega project. He informed that Turkmenistan is holding more road shows on 1,420 millimetres diameter TAPI after holding three in London, New York and Singapore with the help of ADB to attract investors. The Ambassador invited FPCCI to participate in a grand business forum being held in Asghabat in November to explore opportunities; we are interested in holding Pakistan Business Forum and single country exhibition to boost bilateral trade, he added. Movlamov informed that Pakistan and Turkmenistan will soon hold three separate meetings of working groups on energy, agriculture and trade. At the occasion,

President FPCCI Haji Ghulam Kadir Sherani said that energy crisis has crippled economy but projects to import gas are still incomplete. China has built 7500 km pipeline in 18 months to get gas from Turkmenistan but we remained unable to get gas since decades which will need only 1735 km pipeline, he lamented. VP Saarc Chamber Iftikhar Ali Malik said that we should benefit from the country having world’s fourth largest reserves of natural gas which are offered on competitive rates. VP, FPCCI Haroon Rashid said that we are encouraged by participation of the State Bank of India in the recent TAPI road show in Singapore which is a major step to ensure import of up to 33 billion cubic metres of natural gas per year.

KCCI to support BBSYDP

has reassured support to Provincial Team of Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Youth Development Program (BBSYDP) for skill development of Youth in Sindh. In a meeting with Engr Taimoor Ali, Chief Minister’s Consultant on BBSYDP and Karim Bukhsh Siddiqui, Provincial Coordinator BBSYDP, Haroon Agar President KCCI articulated that Karachi Chamber of Commerce & Industry attaches high importance to youth development. While exchanging views he said that professional and skilled youth is future of Pakistan and collective efforts of public and private sector are required to converge the unexplored talent of youth to specialized human reISLAMABAD: Zafar Bakhtawari, President ICCI shak- sources. He highlighted the ing hands with Bakir Izetbegovic, President of Bosnia and dire need of producing Herzegovina.

PHOTO NEWS

skilled human resource as per requirements of industries. He told that KCCI and BBYSDP has already signed MoU for mutual cooperation and various joint seminars were also held to promote youth development programmes. He assured the provincial coordinator BBSYDP of his cooperation to organize joint awareness seminar on training need assessment for skill development of youth. Karim Bukhsh Siddiqui, Provincial Coordinator BBSYDP appreciated the pivotal role of Karachi Chamber of Commerce & Industry to promote trade and industry to fortify national economy and creating employment opportunities. He also sought continued support from KCCI for BBSYDP programmes.

NSS profit rates revised STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD —In response to considerable slash in discount rate by State Bank of Pakistan, the Federal Government has downward revised the profit rates on National Savings Schemes for the investment made on or after 12-10-2012. The instant revision is made in the backKARACHI: Deputy Governor, SBP Kazi Abdul Mutadir drop of current market scenario and in accordance with inaugurates an ATM facility at Press Club. the Government’s policy to provide market based competitive rate of return to the investors of National Savings. As per Notification issued by Federal Government the new rates for Special Savings Certificates(R)/Account, Regular Income Cer-

tificate, Defence Savings Certificates and Savings Accounts has been fixed at 10.00%, 10.56%, 11.04% and 6.85% respectively. The new rates for Short Term Savings Certificates of 3 Months, 6 Months and 1 Year have been fixed at 9.20%, 9.25% and 9.30% respectively However, the profit rate of return for specialized Savings Schemes i.e. Bahbood Savings Certificates and Pensioners’ Benefit Account has also been revised and fixed at 12.96% in order to provide safety net to specialized segment of society. It is pertinent to mention that the investment made before the closing hours of 11-10-2012 will enjoy the previous profit rates.

Investment conference From Page-13 cial meetings on governmenMandviwalla was also intal level, productive business terviewed by the Czech media meetings were also held with who gave complete media representatives from many coverage to the visit of the Intisar Ul Haq Haqqi, Director Power Generation, Lucky potential companies like MOS and termed it very sucSkoda, cessful in terms of enhancing Cement receiving the best sustainability report award from Vitkovice, NANOPROGRES, DT- economic relations between joint committee of ICMAP and ICAP. Pointworks and Engineering the two countries. The FinanWorks, EKOL, TechniStone, cial Times, EURO (MF) being Wikov Wind and Wahaj two important names of the Group. All these companies media of Czech Republic. showed keen interest to estab- Moreover, Mr. Jiri Nestoval, lish business in Pakistan and President CSOK, Chairman of Mr. Mandviwalla welcomed Energy Holding announced a them all and ensured complete visit to Pakistan with a cluster governmental support on the of Czech business community part of BOI in all respects. in Nov, 2012.

Insurance companies fined STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —The Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) has imposed ISLAMABAD: CEO PASDEC, Ihsanullah Khan with Af- a fine of Rs 0.5 million each on ghan entrepreneurs after lecture. two insurance companies and issued a stern warning to another insurer for their defaults of different sections of the Insurance Ordinance 2000. In an order passed against EFU General Insurance Limited, the SECP said after carefully examining the arguments and studying the facts and findings of the case, the default of Section 45 of the Insurance Ordinance 2000 has been established and the Company has also accepted its default. Instead of imposing the RAWALPINDI: President RCCI Manzar Khurshid Sheikh maximum penalty, a fine of Rs 500,000 has been imposed with NUML officials.

due to the fact that the Company (EFU General Insurance Limited) had not complied with the provisions of Section 45 of the Ordinance, by not maintaining proper books and records of the Company relating to the claims, the SECP order said. The Company is also directed to thoroughly probe into the issue of missing files and genuineness of the claims paid, and to take immediate measures for the recovery of those missing files and any other files that may be missing from the Company’s record and send us confirmation within 90 days from the date of this order that the company is fully compliant with the requirements of Section 45 of the Ordinance, it added.

IGATEX Pakistan starts STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—IGATEX Pakistan is the largest and well established garment and textile machinery and accessories exhibitions in South Asia, the 7th edition of IGATEX Pakistan is organized by FAKT Exhibitions Private Limited opens at Expo Centre Lahore. IGATEX Pakistan is aimed to highlight the immense potential and investment opportunities of Textile Industry in Pakistan. IGATEX Pakistan 2012 will host 466 companies from 30 countries like China, India, ISLAMABAD: President FPCCI Haji Ghulam Kadir Sherani presenting shield to Am- Germany, Turkey, UK, USA, bassador of Turkmenistan Atadjan Movalmov. VP Saarc CCI Iftikhar Ali Malik, VP, Sweden, Spain, Japan, FPCCI Haroon Rashid, Hina Mansab and others are also present. France and Canada etc.

Mobilink, Pakistan Navy join hands STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Mobilink, in continuation of its efforts to reach out to flood affected areas across Pakistan, has partnered with the Pakistan Navy to provide relief to flood victims in Balochistan. Mobilink’s initial flood relief activity, organized in September, had focused on victims in the vicinity of Rojhan, DG Khan and Rajanpur. As a result of this quick and coordinated action, the Mobilink Foundation was the first to provide relief through supplies of food and water to nearly 12,000 flood affected people in South Punjab. Mobilink is now working with the Pakistan Navy to initiate flood-relief efforts to counter flood related devastation in Balochistan. District Jaffarabad is one of the worst floods affected area with access to the area being hindered by standing flood water, inundated road infrastructure and a precarious security situation.

Ahmed elected chairman PFVA OBSERVER REPORT KARACHI—Pakistan Fruit and Vegetable Exporters, Importers and Merchant Association (PFVA) has elected Waheed Ahmed as its new chairman for the year 2012-2013. Waheed who had served the association as chairman during 2009-2010 was unanimously elected for the post during a recently held annual election of the association. He also member of FPCCI’s committee on agriculture, fruit and vegetable. Shahid Sultan and Aslam Pakhali have been elected as Senior Vice Chairman and Vice Chairman of the association respectively.

wi-tribe introduces new ‘unlimited internet’ packages STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —wi-tribe unveiled its new ‘unlimited internet’ packages . With exciting and affordable new rates, customers can now stay connected, browse, download and do much more online. Alongside lowered rates for 512 Kbps & 2 Mbps packages, wi-tribe has also introduced a new 1 Mbps package, providing customers with more options to select an experience that best suit their lifestyle & broadband requirements.

Technological support can reduce cost of production AMANULLAH KHAN K ARACHI —In current scenario of energy crises and price spiral of raw material, it is necessary to focus on airefficiency to reduce production cost, this was stated by Mian Muhammad Ahmed, Patron-in-Chief Bin Qasim Association of Trade and Industries (BQATI) at a seminar organized by Rastgar. Usman Ahmed, President Bin Qasim Association of Trade & Industry (BQATI) He said that to compete in international export market Pakistani manufacturers

should consider for latest technology that helps in lower the production cost. CompAircompressor are one of the best compressors in energy consumption and efficient in air production. Vice President, BQATI, Abdul Rasheed Jan Muhammad stressed need for more specialized training of technical staff of industrial units in BQA on topics pertaining to compressed air. Chris Goldworthy, the CompAir air compressor expert, gave a presentation on the occasion. The Seminar was organised by Pakistan’s leading air compressor distribu-

tor, Rastgar & Co who distribute CompAir, Quantimaand Hydrovane compressors in Pakistan since the last 32 years. Speaking on the occasion, CEO Rastgar, Maqsood Zulfqargave an outline of the training facilities provided for customers’ engineers and technical staff in Pakistan and abroad. He alsoinformed the audience abut the sales, spares and air audit services provided by Rastgar. Maqsood Zulfqar also announced aFree Technical Training in 1st week of November upon request of BQATI.

NIT declares financial results STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Investment Trust Limited (NITL), the first & largest Asset Management Company of Pakistan has declared results today for all Funds under its management for the quarter ended 30th September 2012. hairman/Managing Director – NIT, Mr. Wazir Ali Khoja while elaborating the performance of five funds being managed by NIT said that the net assets of five funds under management estimatged around Rs. 74,402 million. During 1QFY13, the Fund has outperformed its benchmark by 0.34%, whereby the Fund’s NAV increased by 12.25% against an increase of 11.91% in the benchmark KSE-100 Index. The Chairman also stated that during

the period under review, the dividend income earned by the Fund grew by 16.2% YoY and stood at Rs. 472 million as compared to Rs. 406 million in the corresponding period last year. The Fund realized capital gains of Rs. 175 million in 1QFY13 against Rs. 129 million in 1QFY12, a growth of 36.1% YoY. Despite an increase in realized gains and dividend income, the net income of the fund stood at Rs. 11.82 million translating into an earning per unit of Rs. 0.01 because of huge redemption of Rs. 2,653 million booked during the period which resulted in negative element of income. Referring to the result of NIT-SEF, the Chairman said that the Fund’s NAV increased by 11.89% which was in line with an increase

of 11.91% in the benchmark KSE-100 Index. Furthermore, since inception the Fund has massively outperformed its benchmark by 47.42%.However, despite negative element of income as a result of redemption of units to repay to the lenders of the fund, the net income of the fund (excluding impairment losses) stood at Rs. 538 million translating into an earning per unit of Rs. 4.35 as compared to an earning per unit of Rs. 4.46during the corresponding period last year. The Fund realized capital gains of Rs. 673 million and earned a dividend income of Rs. 242 million compared to Rs. 124 million and Rs. 178 million respectively in the corresponding period last year, a growth of 440% and 36% YoY respectively.

Burj Bank announces profit Samsung achieves OBSERVER REPORT KARACHI —Burj Bank Limited (Burj) has announced its half yearly results for the period ended June 30. The Bank’s profit before tax is Rs.147 million. The profit announcement reflects a turnaround of Burj Bank with continuous earning for the first two quarters of 2012. The total deposits of the bank grew by 57 per cent to Rs32 billion in the first six months of 2012. Addressing a gathering of

corporate clients of the Bank, Khaled Al-Aboodi, Chairman Burj Bank congratulated the management team on the excellent half yearly performance and expressed the long term commitment with Burj Bank on behalf of all the Directors. He said that in the face of significant challenges, we have Alhamdulillah made remarkable progress. Our Bank, despite the political and economic hardships, continued its strategy of achieving growth in prudently selected quality earning avenues.

ISE stays bullish STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Islamabad Stock Exchange (ISE-10) here on Thursday witnessed bullish trend as the index was up by 3.48 points to close at 2965.74 as compared to the previous day’s trading. Talking to media, Stock Analyst, M.M Hassan said that the buying in the fertil-

izer sector led the bullish rally in the local stock market. The investors were seen busy while taking fresh positions in the market after booking profit since last few days, he added. Appreciating the performance of economic indicators in the country, he said that the market would perform better in the future.

historical growth STAFF REPORTER

ISLAMABAD—Samsung Electronics is the global leader in telecommunications and digital technology. According to Interbrand Valuation results released in October 2012, this award winning innovator has achieved the highest growth of 40% in its history and was ranked 9th with a brand value of US $32.9 billion. This is a great milestone for Samsung, attributed to strong performance in mobile business, enhanced leadership in Televisions and improved brand consistency, along with other brand strengths across numerous categories. The company also achieved 5th position in the IT industry. Samsung’s global brand value ranking was elevated by 8 ranks this year, after it stood 17th in the year 2011. The average brand value of Top 100 companies grew by 10%, while Samsung average growth among Consumer Electronics.

Economic reform: The unfinished agenda OBSERVER REPORT I S L A M A B A D —Emerging economies such as China, India, Indonesia, Nigeria and Brazil can boost average individual income by as much as 40% to 50% by 2030 by once again pursuing vigorous economic reform, according to a Special Report by Standard Chartered Research published today. fter a “golden era” of reforms in the 1990s, which improved living standards for hundreds of millions of people, the pace of reform has slowed in many countries in recent years. This slowdown has been due to

several factors: the fact that economies have grown relatively strongly has lessened the pressure for reform but there have been other influences including complacency, resignation, disillusionment with market-oriented reforms and political resistance. The study analysed the state of reforms in 14 emerging and major economies. ven without reforms, emerging economies have helped drive global growth in recent years. But a faster pace of sustained reform would boost future growth potential. The failure to pursue reform may be costing emerging economies 1-3 percentage

points in terms of gross domestic output growth each year. In order to further raise living standards in the emerging economies, and in the process boost global growth, policymakers urgently need to jump-start a key set of reforms. But before that, they must convincingly frame the case for reforms. “One of the key lessons to be drawn from eport is that countries need a longer-term vision as to why reform is necessary, why any nearterm pain is worth bearing and what success might bring,” said Dr. Gerard Lyons, Chief Economist and Group Head of Global Research. “All too often – as is

the case with the euro area now – reform is imposed when things are not going well and when individuals, companies or economies are not able to cope. The best time to press ahead with reform is when economies are already growing or doing well. The report examined the energetic debate on the best ways to accelerate economic development and found considerable agreement on the course countries should follow to grow and prosper. However, the study also found important disputes, notably the role of the state and state-owned enterprises.


Chinese author wins Nobel for Literature

Europe’s democracies termed weak B ERLIN —Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban said Europe’s democracies might not be up to coping with the crisis they face, making the case in an interview for the “presidential” form of leadership that has let him drive through tough reforms at home. Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban attends a news conference in Budapest. A fiercely independent leader whose economic and social policies have drawn protests from foreign investors, governments and international bodies, Orban told German business daily Handelsblatt he was “a passionate supporter of democracy”. “But the question has to be asked if the leadership structures in democratic systems are still up to the times,” he said, citing the challenges of dealing with sovereign debt crises and reforming social welfare states. That could not become a taboo in the event of a weakness of leadership, Orban said in an interview published hours ahead of a meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel. “Our current democratic systems have built-in weaknesses,” he said, referring to Europe. “A presidential system is probably more suitable than a parliamentary system in times when difficult reforms need to be pushed through.” Since winning an election in 2010, Orban has drawn heavy criticism from among others the European Union and the International Monetary Fund for pushing through reforms that opponents say threaten the independence of the country’s media, judiciary and central bank.—Reuters

Biden claims campaign pace DANVILLE—With the Republicans grabbing the momentum in a shifting White House race, Vice President Joe Biden will look to recover some ground and ease Democratic worries on Thursday in a high-stakes debate against Republican challenger Paul Ryan. Vice President Joe Biden (R) speaking in Charlotte, North Carolina September 6, 2012, and Republican vice-presidential nominee Paul Ryan, speaking in Tampa. Mitt Romney’s steady climb in polls since President Barack Obama’s poor performance in last week’s first debate has raised the importance of the vice presidential showdown, which is rarely a critical event in White House campaigns. This time it comes at a critical juncture, with Romney enjoying one of his best weeks of the campaign and Obama suffering the fallout from his passive performance four weeks before the November 6 election. “This has turned into a legitimate high-stakes debate because the ground has shifted so profoundly on the Democrats,” said Cal Jillson, a political scientist at Southern Methodist University in Texas. “Biden at least has to hold his own so panic doesn’t set in for Democrats,” he said. “They don’t want to lose two in a row.” Biden and Ryan, the Republican chairman of the House Budget Committee, meet at 9 p.m. EDT (2:00 a.m.—Reuters

Britain can rise again: Cameron BIRMINGHAM —Prime Minister David Cameron urged Britain yesterday to work harder to rise above its economic woes, warning that it faced a sink or swim moment to avoid falling behind its global competitors. The struggling Conservative leader used a crucial speech to his center-right party’s annual conference to warn that Britons face more austerity to get out of recession and cut a huge deficit. But Cameron, who is behind in the opinion polls midway through his coalition government’s five-year term, sought to reassure rightwingers of his toughness and met criticisms of heartlessness by the Labour opposition head-on. “Let’s get Britain on the rise,” he said to a standing ovation from activists at the conference in the industrial city of Birmingham. “Let us here in this hall, together in this country make this pledge — let’s build an aspiration nation.” Cameron’s speech was billed as a make or break moment for his leadership, with divisions in the party over issues such as Europe and abortion, and his popularity ratings dipping. He also faces a challenge from resurgent Labour leader Ed Miliband, who in his own conference speech last week tried to usurp the Conservatives’ traditional slogan as the “one nation” party. The prime minister gave a sober warning of the challenges facing the world’s seventh largest economy. “Unless we act, unless we take difficult, painful decisions, unless we show determination and imagination, Britain may not be in the future what it has been in the past,” he said.—Reuters

Chavez names Maduro vice-president CARACAS—Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez named Foreign Minister and former bus driver Nicolas Maduro as his new vice president on Wednesday in a Cabinet shake-up following his comfortable re-election. Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez arrives to receive his certificate as president-elect, from the national electoral council in Caracas. Maduro, 49, replaces Elias Jaua, who will run for the governorship of Miranda state against defeated presidential candidate Henrique Capriles in the South American OPEC member’s December gubernatorial elections. An ex-union leader on the public bus service and foreign minister since 2006, Maduro has long been seen as a possible successor to Chavez along with several other senior allies. He was frequently at his side in the most critical moments of Chavez’s year of cancer treatment since mid2011. The possibility of a recurrence of the disease hangs over Chavez despite a surprisingly vigorous campaign before his convincing 11-point win on Sunday. Should Chavez’s cancer reappear and force him out of office within the first four years of his six-year term, the vice president would serve temporarily as president before a new election. If Chavez left office in the final two years, the vice president would serve out the rest of the term. Chavez, 58, has ruled Venezuela since 1999. “I don’t recommend anyone for the vice president’s job,” Chavez joked, naming Maduro during the formal proclamation of his presidential win by Venezuela’s election board.—Reuters

Polls predict Netanyahu’s win J ERUSALEM —Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu will likely win in the upcoming parliamentary elections, with no serious contenders to replace him, according to opinion polls published by two major Israeli dailies on Thursday. The polls in the Maariv and Haaretz dailies the first conducted since Netanyahu this week ordered snap elections for early next year showed his Likud Party in a solid position to lead the next government. Together with Likud’s traditional allies from the ranks of nationalist and religious Jewish parties, Netanyahu would likely lead a majority of 62 to 68 seats in the 120-member parliament. In contrast, centrist and dovish parties would hold fewer than 50 seats, while Arab parties, which have never been part of a governing coalition, would hold about 10, the polls predicted. The surveys dealt a blow to former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, who is reportedly considering a political comeback and is widely seen as the only politician with a chance of unseating Netanyahu.—Reuters

S T O C K H O L M — C h i n e s e name, meaning “don’t speak,”

MAFRAQ, JORDAN: Dominique Hyde, UNICEF’s representative to Jordan, speaks during the opening of the first school at the Zaatari Syrian refugee camp.

writer Mo Yan won the Nobel Prize in literature on Thursday, a somewhat unexpected choice by a prize committee that has favoured European authors in recent years. The Swedish Academy, which selects the winners of the prestigious award, praised Mo’s “hallucinatoric realism,” saying it “merges folk tales, history and the contemporary.” Peter Englund, the academy’s permanent secretary, said the academy had contacted Mo before the announcement. “He said he was overjoyed and scared,” Englund said. Though Mo, 57, is the first Chinese national to win the Nobel literature prize, he’s not the first Chinese. A Chinese emigre to France, Gao Xingjian, won in 2000 for his absurdist dramas and inventive fiction, especially the novel Soul Mountain. His to Syrian refugee children works are laced with criticisms of China’s communist government and have been banned in China. When Gao won, the communist leadership disowned the prize. Mo’s award is likely to be more warmly greeted in Beijing. Born Guan Moye in 1955 to a farming family in eastern Shandong province, Mo the front and logistical offices chose his penname while writhave been opened across ing his first novel. Garrulous Syria to facilitate coordina- by nature, Mo has said the tion, Sheikh said. Since its formation, the front’s fighters have been focused on attacking checkpoints as part of their attempt to push Assad’s forces out of towns. On Tuesday fighters from the Sukour al-Sham (Hawks D HAKA —Indian nationals of Syria) seized the town of beat a Bangladeshi citizen to Maarat al Nuaman in Idlib death after he entered the Inprovince from government dian territory illegally through forces. “We have gathered to Daulatpur border in Kushtia unite the military work and we early Thursday. The dealso have other agendas. We ceased was identified as Alam want to build the state of jus- Hossain, 40, son of Momtaz tice and give rights to its Hossain of Jamalpur village people after 40 years of op- in the upazila, reports our Kushtia correspondent. Alam pression.” Abu Eissa insists that all along with five or six others the Front’s fighters were Syr- went to Char Meghalay vilian and none of the foreign lage in Murshidabad district fighters who have come to of Paschimbanga, India Syria will be allowed to join. around 3:00am. “The villagers caught “We do not want anyone from outside, so that the revo- Alam and beat him to death,” lution is not exploited and is said Subedar Rezaul Haq, not serving the agendas of commanding officer of Pragpur BOP (Border Obserothers,” he said.—Reuters vation Post) of Border Guard Bangladesh battalion No. 32, quoting the Indian Border Security Forces (BSF) officials. The people who were with Alam managed to flee scene, the BGB official said. Bangladeshi people found the body on no man’s land

Syrian Islamist rebels join forces against Assad B EIRUT —Powerful Syrian Islamist brigades, frustrated at the growing divisions among rebels, have joined forces in what they say is a “liberation front” to topple President Bashar al-Assad. Mistrust and miscommunication have been a feature of the rebel campaign against Assad. Differences over leadership, tactics and sources of funding have widened the rifts between largely autonomous brigades scattered across Syria. After more than a month of secret meetings, leaders of Islamist brigades - including the Farooq Brigade that operates mainly in Homs province and the heavyweight Sukour al-Sham brigade of Idlib - formed the “Front to Liberate Syria”. The agreement is not the first which seeks to bring together disparate fighting groups and its Islamist emphasis has already alienated some other fighters.

The growing role of the Islamist fighters and their battlefield prowess has also caused concern among Western powers as they weigh up how best to support the opposition forces arrayed against Assad. The new front does not include some groups which Western officials consider the most radical such as the Nusra Front, an affiliate of al Qaeda which has claimed responsibility for a series of devastating bombs in Damascus and Aleppo. Ahrar al-Sham, a Salafist group which includes a large contingent of foreign fighters, withdrew, objecting to the killing of a Salafist leader killed by a rival rebel force. But rebel sources said talks were continuing to bring Ahrar al-Sham back, and leader of the new front, Ahmad al-Sheikh, said it was continuing to attract members. “We have more than

40,000 fighters now and the numbers are growing because more brigades are expressing interest in joining,” said Sheikh, known to his men as Abu Eissa. Accurate figures for the total rebel numbers are hard to establish but such a force could represent around half of Assad’s armed opponents. Originally the group was called the Islamic Front to Liberate Syria. Brigade leaders voted to drop the word ‘Islamic’ but Islam remains a central element, Sheikh told Reuters. “We are proud of our Islamism and we are Islamists. But we do not want to show it in a slogan because we might not live up to the responsibility of Islam,” said Sheikh, who is also the head of the Sukour al-Sham Brigades. “But we want a state with Islamic reference and we are calling for it.” Brigades in Damascus, Deir al-Zor, Aleppo, Idlib and Homs provinces have joined

Yemeni security officer for US embassy killed SANAA, YEMEN—A masked gunman assassinated a Yemeni security official who worked for the U.S. Embassy in a drive-by shooting near his home in the capital Sanaa on Thursday, officials said. Yemeni officials said the killing bore the hallmarks of an attack by the al-Qaida offshoot in Yemen, but it was too early to determine whether the group was behind it. The assassination resembles other attacks recently that have targeted Yemeni intelligence, military and security officials. Those attacks are believed to be in retaliation for a military offensive by Yemen’s U.S.-backed government against Yemenbased Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), which Washington considers the most dangerous offshoot of the global terror network.

13 dead in Bangladesh tornadoes

AQAP has called for attacks on U.S. embassies in a bid to exploit the anti-American sentiment that has swept the Middle East and other parts of the Muslim world in the past month over an antiIslam film produced in the United States. Initially, the film was linked to an attack on the U.S. Consulate in the Libyan city of Benghazi on September 11 which left four Americans dead including U.S. Ambassador to Libya Chris Stevens. U.S. officials said later the attack was not linked to the video. AQAP praised the killing of U.S. diplomats in Libya, describing it as “the best example” for those attacking embassies to follow. Yemeni officials identified the embassy security official as Qassem Aqlani, in his fifties. He was on his way to work

when a gunman on a motorcycle opened fire at him and fled the scene. The attack was in western Sanaa, close to Aqlani’s home, while the embassy is located in eastern Sanaa. Aqlani had been working for the U.S. Embassy for nearly 20 years, said the officials who spoke condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to speak to the media. Most recently, he was in charge of investigating a Sept. 12 assault on the U.S. Embassy by angry Yemeni protesters over the anti-Islam film. rotesters stormed the embassy and set fire to a U.S. flag before government forces dispersed them with tear gas. That attack came one day after the killings of the Americans in Benghazi. A Q A P had taken advantage of a security.—Reuters

French terror cell planned Syria trip

PARIS—A network of French prison. That suspect was D HAKA —At least thirteen Islamists who carried out a killed in a shootout with popeople were killed when tornadoes lashed through several upazilas of Noakhali, Bhola and Chittagong districts early Thursday. Of the victims, seven were killed in Noakhali, three in Bhola and the rest three in Chittagong. Our Noakhali correspondent reports, the tornado killed five people in Hatia upazila and two in Mohammadpur union of Subarnachar upazila. Moktar Hossain, officerin-charge of Hatia Police Station, and advocate Enam, chairman of Mohammadpur union Parishad confirmed the deaths. The 20-minute long tornado that started from 2:00am also destroyed mosques, educational institutions and more than 200 thatched houses in Subarn achar, Hatia, Compa niganj and Sadar upazilas. The tornado also uprooted scores of trees that snapped road communications in Suba rnachar and Hatia.—AP

grenade attack on a kosher market also planned to join jihadists fighting in Syria, a French prosecutor said Thursday, calling the group potentially the most dangerous established in France in over a decade. Five of the 12 people arrested in sweeps in cities around France have been freed, said the prosecutor, Francois Molins. He said seven people remain in custody a day after police discovered bomb-making materials in an underground parking lot as part of a probe of an “extremely dangerous terrorist cell.” All the suspects were born in France, he said. The Sept. 19 attack on the market in Sarcelles, outside Paris, shattered windows and injured a customer at the store. Two attackers fled. “The intent was to kill,” Molins said. DNA traces found on the grenade led antiterror police to a convicted drug dealer who, Molins said, converted to radical Islam in

lice on Saturday. He said one of the suspects was coordinating trips for jihadists to join fighting in Syria. Most of those fighting against President Bashar Assad’s regime are believed to be ordinary Syrians and soldiers who have defected, having become fed up with the authoritarian government, analysts say. But increasingly, foreign fighters and those adhering to an extremist Islamist ideology are becoming involved in the war. Two British nationals were arrested Tuesday at Heathrow Airport, on suspicion of supporting terrorism in Syria, possibly as part of a group that took two journalists hostage in July. Authorities in France have been on high alert after a Frenchman who claimed links to al-Qaida shot and killed three Jewish children, a rabbi and three paratroopers in southern France in March. —Reuters

was intended to remind him to hold his tongue lest he get himself into trouble and to mask his identity since he began writing while serving in the army. His breakthrough came with novel ‘Red Sorghum’ published in 1987. Set in a small village, like much of his fiction, ‘Red Sorghum’ is an earthy tale of love and peasant struggles set against the backdrop of the anti-Japanese war. It was turned into a film that won the top prize at the Berlin International Film Festival in 1988, marked the directing debut of Zhang Yimou and boosted Mo’s popularity. Mo writes of visceral pleasures and existential quandaries and tends to create vivid, mouthy characters. While his early work stuck to a straightforward narrative structure enlivened by vivid descriptions and raunchy humor, Mo has become more experimental, toying with different narrators and embracing a freewheeling style often described as ‘Chinese magical realism.’ European authors had won four of the past five awards, with last year’s prize going to Swedish poet Tomas Transtromer. As with the other Nobel Prizes, the prize is worth 8 million kronor, or about $1.2 million.—AP

Bangladeshi beaten to death in India

Striking South Africa gold miners reject pay offer

J OHANNESBURG —Striking gold miners in South Africa have rejected the industry’s latest wage offer, a trade union said on Thursday, dimming hopes that wildcat strikes that have paralysed the sector could end anytime soon. Since August, almost 100,000 workers across South Africa including 75,000 in the mining sector - have downed tools in often illegal and violent strikes that are hitting economic growth and undermining investor confidence in the minerals hub. “This was a final offer from the companies. They said take it or leave it,” Lesiba Seshoka, spokesman for the National Union of Minew orkers said. “Now that it has been rejected our options have been exhausted.” Africa’s top two bullion producers, AngloGold Ashanti and Gold Fields, have been hit by an estimated 48,000 miners taking to the streets to fight for higher wages. The action is costing AngloGold 32,000 ounces of gold each week, while Gold Fields is losing 2,300 ounces a day at the two mines that have been affected. The companies said they would respond later via the Chamber of Mines, the industry body that has been negotiating on their behalf. The wildcat strikes, which started in the platinum industry and then spread to other mining companies and beyond, have raised questions about President Jacob Zuma’s leadership and tarnished South Africa’s reputation among foreign investors. Africa’s biggest economy is home to 80 percent of known reserves of platinum. The price of the precious metal has risen more than 20 percent since police shot 34 miners on August 16, the bloodiest security incident since the end of apartheid in 1994. “The volatility in the area is a result of the ongoing mine strikes. This is linked to the strike action,” Thulani Ngubane, a police spokesman, said.—Reuters

near the border pillar No.151/ 4-f around 10:30am and informed Pragpur BOP, the nearby BGB camp. Responding to a letter sent by BGB for a flag meeting, BSF men sat with the BGB officials at Pragpur border point at about 12:30pm. “The BSF confirmed the incident and assured to return the body on completion of all formalities including autopsy,” Subedar Rezaul told. Contacted, Zahir Hossain, officer-in-charge of Daulatpur Police Station, said they are looking for the people, who were with Alam during the incident, as only they can say details about the incident. Earlier on Wednesday, a sector commander-level meeting between BGB and BSF was held in Daulatpur border point where the BSF alleged that Bangladeshis enter into India illegally and urged to check it.—Star

US funded radios accused of partisan bias P HNOM P ENH —Cambodia locally in the Khmer lanhas threatened legal action against two U.S.-funded radio stations, accusing them of favoring opposition parties and promoting U.S. foreign policy, sources said on Thursday. Representatives of Radio Free Asia (RFA) and Voice of America (VOA) were called to a closed-door meeting on Wednesday. The government complained about their coverage of border demarcation issues with Vietnam and the October 1 jailing of a broadcaster and land rights campaigner for “secessionism”, two sources who attended the meeting told Reuters. The dressing-down comes amid criticism by rights groups of the government for leaning on the judiciary to silence the small number of critics in the country who dare to speak out. RFA and VOA broadcast

guage and are among the few radio stations in Cambodia considered free of government influence. One source said an official present at the meeting labeled the two broadcasters “rebel and opposition radios”. “They wanted the radio stations to report more about the activities of the government and they don’t want RFA to be used as a campaign for opposition parties,” the source told Reuters under the condition of anonymity. Government spokesman Phay Siphan, who chaired the meeting, declined to give details of what took place but said the stations were urged to report responsibly. “Free press means accuracy, no bias and with professionalism,” Phay Siphan said.—Reuters

Morocco’s king plans Gulf tour K UWAIT —Morocco’s King Mohammed planned to visit Mohammed plans to tour Gulf Arab countries in the next few weeks to discuss investment and bilateral relations, a senior Kuwaiti official said on Thursday. “He is going on a tour in the Gulf countries,” Kuwait’s Foreign Ministry Undersecretary Khaled alJarallah told Reuters, adding that the king was expected to visit Kuwait as part of the tour in October or November. King Mohammed will travel to countries in the Gulf Cooperation Council, which comprises Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and Oman, Jarallah said. A Saudi official, who declined to be named under briefing rules, told Reuters that King

Saudi Arabia after the haj, the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca which is expected to run from from October 24 to 29 this year. A tour of the Gulf by King Mohammed would be important diplomatically and financially for Morocco. The country largely escaped last year’s Arab Spring unrest but the government is under heavy domestic political pressure to improve living standards. In July, King Mohammed urged his government to tap financing from Gulf Arab sovereign wealth funds to help with economic projects that Morocco hopes will meet social needs, in what was seen as an important policy shift for the monarch.—Reuters


Lance Armstrong: Greatest fraud in American sports N E W Y ORK —The United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) accused seventime Tour de France winner Lance Armstrong on Wednesday of cheating his way to the top of the cycling world with an elaborate doping operation - a claim his lawyer rejected as a “hatchet job.” The agency said evidence that the American cyclist used and distributed a range of performance-enhancing drugs included financial payments, emails, scientific data, laboratory test results, and testimony from 11 former teammates. It said Armstrong - one of the world’s most famous athletes who also is well known for his cancer-fighting charity work - and his team were at the center of the most sophisticated doping program ever seen in the sports world. The 41-year-old Texan, a cancer survivor, has denied cheating. He has never failed a doping test. Five of Armstrong’s former teammates, who provided evidence in the investigation, issued separate statements on Wednesday admitting they used performance-enhancing drugs. The agency - under pres-

Vettori out of Sri Lanka tour WELLINGTON—Injuryplagued spinner Daniel Vettori will miss New Zealand’s tour of Sri Lanka, cricket chiefs said Thursday, forcing selectors to draft uncapped leggie Todd Astle into the 15-man Test squad. New Zealand Cricket said Vettori had failed to recover from an Achilles strain picked up at last month’s World Twenty20 tournament, where the Black Caps where eliminated by eventual champions the West Indies. The loss of New Zealand’s most capped Test player is a major blow as the team prepares to tour a country renowned for spinfriendly wickets, leaving journeyman Jeetan Patel as its most experienced slow bowler with 15 Tests. Chief selector Kim Littlejohn was confident Astle, 26, the only new face in the Test squad, could perform at the top level if given the chance.—Online

sure to reveal the details of its long-running investigation - on Wednesday released a summary of its findings against Armstrong, and planned to release the entirety of the report later in the day. Sean Breen, one of Armstrong’s lawyers, denounced the allegations. “We have seen the press release from USADA touting the upcoming release today of its ‘reasoned decision,’” Breen said by email. “(The) statement confirms the alleged ‘reasoned decision’ from USADA will be a one-sided hatchet job a taxpayer-funded tabloid piece rehashing old, disproved, unreliable allegations based largely on axegrinders, serial perjurers, coerced testimony, sweetheart deals and threat-induced stories,” he said. Armstrong was banned for life by USADA in August after announcing he would not fight the agency’s doping charges against him. Breen said the agency was “ignoring the 500-600 tests Lance Armstrong passed, ignoring all exculpatory evidence, and trying to justify the millions of dollars USADA has spent pursuing one, single athlete for years.”

He added: “USADA has continued its governmentfunded witch hunt of only Mr. Armstrong, a retired cyclist, in violation of its own rules and due process, in spite of USADA’s lack of jurisdiction, in blatant violation of the statute of limitations.” Armstrong has been dogged by accusations of cheating ever since he won the Tour de France a record seven times, between 1999 and 2005. He has always maintained his innocence. The USADA report was sent to the International Cycling Union (UCI), the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC). The agency said the evidence showed prolonged use of a range of performance-enhancing drugs including erythropoietin (EPO), blood transfusions, testosterone, corticosteroids, human growth hormone and masking agents. “The evidence shows beyond any doubt that the US Postal Service Pro Cycling Team ran the most sophisticated, professionalized and successful doping program that sport has ever seen,” USADA said in a statement from chief execu-

tive Travis Tygart. USADA is the national anti-doping organization for the Olympic movement in the United States. Its report was more than 1,000 pages long and contained the sworn testimony of 26 people. Floyd Landis, who was stripped of his 2006 Tour de France title for a positive doping test, and Tyler Hamilton, who was stripped of his 2004 Olympic gold medal after confessing to drug use, both previously pointed the finger at Armstrong. On Wednesday, another five of Armstrong’s former teammates also confessed to doping, including George Hincapie, who rode alongside Armstrong when he won each of his seven Tour de France titles and was one of his most loyal and trusted friends. “I would have been much more comfortable talking only about myself, but understood that I was obligated to tell the truth about everything I knew. So that is what I did,” he said in a statement. USADA said the case against Armstrong and his team included eyewitness, documentary, first-hand, scientific, direct and circumstantial evidence as well as the

Kumble to head ICC’s cricket committee C OLOMBO —Anil Kumble, the former India captain and legspinner, has been appointed chairman of the ICC cricket committee. He replaces Clive Lloyd, the former West Indies captain, who had headed it since 2008. According to an ICC media release, Kumble’s nomination was “unanimously” agreed by the ICC board at a meeting in Colombo earlier this week. Two members of the panel, former Australia captain Mark Taylor and ICC statistician Davin Kendix, got a one-year extension, while former West Indies fast bowler Ian Bishop voluntarily stepped down. Bishop nominated the recently retired England captain Andrew Strauss as his replacement, which was accepted by the ICC board. ICC president Allan Isaac said he was confident Kumble would bring his extensive ex-

perience as a player and as an administrator to the ICC cricket panel. “In Anil Kumble, we have a new chairman who has unquestioned experience not only as a player with India but also as an administrator with Karnataka State Cricket Association,” Isaac said. “I am sure that he

will carry on Clive’s good work and bring, like Andrew Strauss, contemporary thinking to the committee as both understand clearly the issues facing the modern game.” Under its ambit, the ICC cricket committee periodically recommends changes to the rules in the various formats of the game to make it more balanced and appealing. Earlier this year the committee had recommended that the number of bouncers permitted in an ODI over be increased to two, doing away with the bowling Powerplay and reducing the number of fielders permitted outside the 30-yard circle from five to four. All these changes were ratified by the ICC’s chief executives committee in June. For Kumble, this is another shot in the arm after the BCCI appointed him as the head of its technical committee after the board’s AGM last month. —AP

testimony from the 11 former teammates. Armstrong was accused of trafficking and encouraging other cyclists to use drugs, as well as conspiring with team manager Johan Bruyneel, doctor Pedro Celaya, doctor Luis del Moral, doctor Michele Ferrari and trainer Jose Pepe Marti. Ferrari and Del Moral were also given lifetime bans for their role in the alleged doping scheme while Bruyneel, Celaya and Marti are contesting the charges. “From day one, we always hoped this investigation would bring to a close this troubling chapter in cycling’s history and we hope the sport will use this tragedy to prevent it from ever happening again,” USADA said. The International Cycling Union, which has the right to appeal USADA’s rulings, said it was considering its position. “The UCI will examine all information received in order to consider issues of appeal and recognition, jurisdiction and statute of limitation, within the term of appeal of 21 days, as required by the World Anti-Doping Code,” NEW YORK: Lance Armstrong carries the US flag during a victory parade after winthe world governing body ning his seventh Tour de France. for cycling said.—AFP

Indian contingent to take part in sports festival

Ponting fit and fired up for South Africa

9 before three Tests eye on making the 2013 team LAHORE—A 55-member In- SYDNEY—Ageing Australian vember with Sri Lanka, also at home. to tour England. “They’re the batsman Ricky Ponting says dian contingent will take part in Punjab International sports festival and Indian teams will be featuring in Hockey, Mat Wrestling, Kabaddi and Tug of War. This was stated by visiting Indian Sports Secretary from Punjab Param Jeet Singh at a news conference along with Rana Mashood Ahmed, Chief organizer of the festival here on Thursday. Director Sports Indian Punjab, Shev Dular Dhillon and Director General, Sports Board Punjab, Usman Anwar were also present. “We will be sending strong teams to throw a brave challenge in the festival which will help in fostering relations between the two countries besides promoting sports,” he said. He said it was a life time experience for him to see that a province (Punjab) is organizing such a mega event in a befitting manner and as many as forty countries will be part of the international sports festival. “Federal Governments normally organizes such big events but it is for the first time that Punjab province of Pakistan has organized such a gigantic event which involved all the segments of the society,” he added.—APP

NBP Tennis C’ship shifted to Karachi I SLAMABAD —The National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) Tennis Championship scheduled for October 15 has been shifted to Karachi from Islamabad. The championship organized by a Non Government organization (NGO) Subah-eNau would now start on October 18. With the change in venue new conditions have been preset for the national event. The competition would be held in categories of Men’s Singles, Men’s Doubles, Ladies singles, Boys junior Under 18, Boys Junior Under 14 and Boys and Girls junior under 11. The winner would get RS 200,000 prize money. Daily allowance would also be LAHORE: Players of PIA and WAPDA struggling for ball possession during PPL Football League match being played paid to players who are from at Garhi Shahu Football Ground. outside Karachi.—Online

he’s put himself through a gruelling training regime to be ready to face South Africa, admitting they have the best fast-bowling attack around. The 37-year-old, who was dumped from the oneday and Twenty20 international squads, has not played a Test since the West Indies last April and said he went months without picking up a bat. “I gave my body and mind a bit of a rest because I bashed myself up pretty much during the summer last year,” he told reporters Thursday, a day after smashing seven sixes in an unbeaten 85 for Tasmania against South Australia. “So after the West Indies I had a couple of months off with nothing and then about 12 weeks where I just trained myself into the ground really, physically. “I got myself in good physical shape. I’m a few kilos down again at the start of the season and feeling really good and feel like I’m moving really good.” He is preparing for the three Test series against South Africa, which gets underway in Brisbane on No-

The former skipper could break Steve Waugh’s record as Australia’s most-capped Test cricketer in the first match of a Sri Lanka series, with his

number one team in the world and they are that for a reason,” Ponting, who has played 165 Tests, said of South Africa.—Online

Dav Whatmore is ‘very much alive’, jokes his wife: rubbishes media reports suggesting stress issues BIPIN DANI OBSERVER CORRESPONDENT M UMBAI —Dav Whatmore is “very much alive”, his wife, Katheryn said jokingly over telephone from Melbourne. It was a mere coincidence that she was exclusively updating her husband’s health issue report on the day when the news about former Zimbabwe coach, Kevin Curran’s death came. “The report appeared in recent media stating that Dav Whatmore has been advised rest by physician is all rubbish and we all laughed it off. It was nothing but a joke”, she said exclusively. “It was a small matter. He had some rashes on his

skin and it was just casually shown to our Pakistani skin specialist friend (Dr Saeed Jaffer), now staying in USA, who had come to Sri Lanka to watch the World Twenty20 games. We merely had a chat at our friends’ house and this is what the media created all hype”. “We were at pain to read the report which was also linked to Pakistan`s other foreign coach, Bob Woolmer, who died while coaching the team in the 2007 World Cup in the West Indies. Hope the newspapers have made good sale on these stories”, she further added. “Dav (Whatmore) is in Pakistan and has been watching the local cricket there. He is working with the Pakistan team with magic in his hand but it takes time to

have effect of his magic”, she added. “Yes, he was sad and tensed with the team loss in the ICC tournament but which international coach can remain without stress these days”, she asks. Apparently , the wife has not visited Pakistan since Whatmore took over position with the team. “Yes, Pakistan is a beautiful country and I am very keen to visit it. I shall certainly visit Pakistan. It is a safe country and security issue has been blown out of proportion by media”, she signed off. Mrs. Whatmore is staying in Australia with mother, son (his name is also Dav) and daughter, Alexandra. She is looking after her own business.


Caffeine over consumption: a human threat

C

AFFEINE is the most widely consumed behaviorally active substance in the world. Average caffeine consumption in humans can range in different cultures and nations from 80 to 400 mg/person per day. In humans, approximately 80% of caffeine is demethylated to paraxanthine and approximately 16% is converted into theobromine and theophylline in the liver. About 3% of caffeine ingested and more than a dozen of its metabolites can be found in urine. No doubt its moderate consumption provide multiplicity of the health benefits including reduced risk of gallstones formation in humans especially in women and lowers the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in humans. It is also related to decrease the incidence or risk of Parkinson’s disease. But its over consumption is a constant source of danger for the user so its harmful effect should be examine that act as a check on its consumption. Caffeine has a diuretic effect and in healthy volunteers the acute administration of caffeine causes a short-term increase in dieresis. Excessive caffeine consumption causes addiction and lead to caffeinism, a condition that has serious behavioral and physiological side effects. In addition to that caffeine consumption causes the urinary excretion of substances such as sodium, potassium, chlorides, magnesium, and calcium in healthy young females. Chronic caffeine consumption increases the risk of osteoporosis (A disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly) and hip fracture. func-

tional activation of the shell of the nucleus accumbens, an area involved in addiction and reward, was only induced by the highest dose of caffeine 10 (mg/kg). Effect of the caffeine on the cardiovascular system with a slight increase in blood pressure and heart output. It also undergoes biotransformation in the human body to form mentholated derivatives of uric acid. High caffeine consumption causes less chance of pregnancy and/or lead to miscarriage in women. It amplified the increases in blood pressure and heart rate associated with higher levels of selfreported stress and these observed blood pressure elevations reach a maximum 30 to 60 minutes after caffeine administration and persist for several hours. As a result these repeated daily blood pressure elevations and increases in stress reactivity caused by caffeine consumption could contribute to an increased risk of coronary heart disease in the adult population. Moreover, chronic caffeine intake affects renal structure, function and blood pressure in patients with Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common inherited disorder frequently associated with renal failure, hypertension and other abnormalities. Hence chronic caffeine intake increase in severity of hypertension in patients with ADPKD, it may be wise for patients with this disease to limit their intake of caffeinated coffee to four or fewer cups per day.

Pir Mazhar inquires about health of Malala KARACHI—Sindh Minister for Education and Literacy, Pir Mazhar ul Haq, on Thursday telephoned the uncle of Malala Yousufzai and inquired about her health. On the occasion, he also prayed for her early recovery. The Minister will visit Peshawar on Friday to personally inquire about the welfare of Malala and assure the family members of any assistance on behalf of the Government of Sindh, says a statement here on Thursday. Meanwhile, Quran Khawani was held at the Malala Yousufzai Government Girls School Mission Road here on Thursday to pray for the early recovery of the 14-year old who had campaigned for the girls education in Swat. Students, teachers and other staff of the school participated in Quran Khawani and prayed for the early recovery of Malala Yousufzai. Director Schools KARACHI: Students of Karachi University hold placards during a demonstration in support of National Peace Award Education Karachi, Attaullah winner Malala Yousafzai. Bhatti, and official of the Education Department were also present on the occasion.—APP.

KU launches book on Chinese

Women protest against attack on Malala STAFF REPORTER

KARACHI—The University of KARACHI—Women from difKarachi is organizing the launching ceremony of book- Chinese Made Easy. A spokesperson of the university said on Thursday that the book has been written by High Commissioner for Pakistan in Singapore, Syed Hasan Javed, on October 12. The Vice-Chancellor of the University of Karachi, Prof. Dr. Muhammad Qaiser, will preside over the event. It is pertinent to note that Syed Hasan Javed is an alumnus of Karachi University.—APP

Two-day Int’l Conference on space sciences concludes

ferent walks of life joined representatives of NGOs working for cause of women empowerment in large numbers, at Karachi Press Club on Thursday, to register their protest against cowardly attempt on life on Malala Yousufzai. Protestors who strongly condemned the attack on the girl student’s van that injured three girls including Malala said it was an assault on the symbol of resistance against resistance and extremism.

The protest organized by the Joint Action Committee comprising Women Action Forum, Pakistan Peace Committee, National Students’ Federation, Labour Party Pakistan, Aurat Foundation and the Workers Party Pakistan was followed by a candle lit vigil, The protestors lit candles as well as oil lamps. They also had bands tied around their arms and heads, inscribed with slogan “I am Malala”. Speakers including Anis Haroon, Karamat Ali, Saleha Athar, Ramzan Memon, Nasir

Mansoor, Malka Khan, Farhat Parveen, Khurram Abbas and others on the occasion demanded an immediate enquiry into the matter where all the culprits must be brought to justice.They also prayed for early recovery of the brave daughter of Pakistan and expressed their solidarity with her family. The speakers urged the government to prepare an anti-terrorism policy to combat the menace and said that across the board deweaponisation was also essential to get rid of terrorism

Karachi killings result of conspiracy: IG Sindh drug mafia as well. IG Sindh answering to a M M ALAM He was speaking at an in- question about rising cases of KARACHI—Inspector General teractive session organized by target killings & extortions ad-

STAFF REPORTER Police Sindh Fayyaz Leghari has KARACHI — The 2-day first stated that target-killings in the M. Tariq Hassan Chairman Ex- mitted that incidents of target port Processing Zones Author- killings increased in last many National Conference on Space

KARACHI: Sindh Assembly Speaker Nisar Ahmed Khoro handing over documents to parents of three cardiac patient children for free treatments in India.

‘Easy Steps Story’ contest awards K ARACHI — An award ceremony was held here on Thursday to honor the winners of the Easy Steps Story Contest as part of Intel’s global celebration to mark the First International Day of the Girl. An announcement here said that the contest was organized nationwide from January to September 2012 wherein participants were asked to describe how technology had changed their lives. Syed Faisal Sbzwari, Minister for Youth Affairs, Government of Sindh, was the chief guest on the occasion.

According to organizers, the Intel Easy Steps programme addresses the needs of adults and youth around the world who seek to learn basic digital literacy skills. The Program is currently deployed in 20 countries with a simple instructional approach and comprises basic computer literacy skills. The awards ceremony was part of Intel’s global ‘She will’ Campaigna focused programme created to empower girls and women around the world by fostering equal economic and educational opportu-

nities, with programmes to encourage millions of girls and women to participate, prosper, and lead in the global economy. Speaking on this occasion, Naveed Siraj, Country Manager of Intel Pakistan said, his organization has been a leader in creating technologies that advance the way people, live, work, and learn. To foster innovation and drive economic growth, it is essential to empower women and this can only be achieved through education, equal employment opportunities and imparting entrepreneurial skills.—APP

Sciences concluded here with Chancellor Z.A. Nizami of Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology calling upon the engineers to keep pace with the fast changing technologies. The conference was organized by SSUET in collaboration with Karachi, University, SUPARCO and HEC as a part of World Space Week-2012. The opening session was inaugurated by Sindh Education Minister Pir Mazharul Huq at Karachi University while concluding session was held at SSUET on the second day with Chancellor Z.A. Nizami being the chief guest on the occasion. Mr Nizami said that technologies are witnessing rapid changes every moment and one can take advantages of the latest development only by keeping pace with the same. At SSUET, Chancellor said, a system has been worked out to introduce all important aspects of the engineering disciplines being taught here keeping the technological changes taking place so rapidly in view.

Metropolis were the results of a deeply-rooted conspiracy to harm Pakistan by destabilizing the country’s economic hub. Holding that target killings were limited to certain areas, IG maintained that ethnic, sectarian & other such differences were exploited by plotters that included

ity (EPZA) between reps. of four industrial zones, Chairman Port Qasim Authority, top brass of police headed by Inspector General Sindh Fayyaz Leghari to discuss law-n-order & other tribulations faced by the entrepreneurs here at Karachi Export Processing Zone on Thursday.

days but held that it was localized & due to ongoing gang war between two Lyari groups. He said that daily 30-35 raids/ targeted operations were carried out by Police & Rangers to contain the situation. Speaking about strategizing he said that SSPs were assigned responsibilities.

KMC decides to attribute link road to Fatima Surayya Bajya KARACHI—KMC Administrator Muhammad Hussain Syed has directed to name the under construction link road from Grammar College to street No 11 Clifton after renowned writer and scholar Fatima Surayya Bajya. This road would be called Sharah-e-Fatima Surayya Bajya after its completion with a cost of Rs 3.96 million. The Administrator Karachi on this occasion said that Karachi Muncipal Corporation (KMC) along with development works of Karachi was also supporting and

patronizing sports, cultural and recreation activities in the city. He said that artists associated with arts and literature serve the country in their whole life and they were the asset of the country. He said that this country was as much for poets, players, actors and artists as it was for people associated with different other professions.He also said that Fatima Surayya Bajya was much associated with her culture and civilization and the writer who by her work served the country and

provided a new direction to Pakistani dramas and always tried to highlight Pakistani culture in her dramas. In recognition of her services KMC has decided to attribute this Shahrah to her name. After completion of this shahrah in four months it would be inaugurated in her presence. Administrator Karachi the construction of link road was an old problem of this area which was now being resolved and it would be completed in next four months which would facilitate the people.—APP

Altaf condoles death of Sher Afgan Niazi KARACHI—Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), chief Altaf Hussain has offered condolences on the passing away of veteran politician and former federal minister Dr Sher Afgan Niazi. In a statement issued by Muttahida Qaumi Movement here on Thursday, Altaf Hussain said that Dr Sher Afgan Niazi was a seasoned politician having deep knowledge about the constitution of the country. Chief Altaf Hussain said that Pakistan has lost an experienced politician due to the death of Dr Sher Afgan Niazi and the vacuum created by his death would not be filled for long. Altaf Hussain extended sympathies to the bereaved family members and prayed Allah to shower blessings on the departed soul. Meanwhile, Sindh Minister for Information, Sharjeel Inam Memon here on Thursday condoled the death of former federal law minister Sher Afgan Niazi. In a condolence message to the bereaved family Sher Afgan Niazi expressed heartfelt condolence and prayed to almighty Allah to grant eternal peace to the departed soul and courage to his family to bear the loss.—APP

Indian grounding not focused on China but Pakistan: Amin M M ALAM KARACHI—Amin Hashwani rebuffing upholding of acrimonious relations with presently nine (soon to be 18) times bigger Indian military might, held that Pakistani Military too realized that economic growth was vital for the welfare of people. Noting that India’s defense budget was seven times bigger than Pakistan’s he said: “This suits USA as a counterweight to China”. However, he revealed that India’s future expenditures/preparations seemed to be more suitable for desert terrain (like that of Pakistan) & not for mountainous Chinese topography! He was speaking on Pakistan Islands of Excellence, an event organized

by Marketing Association of Pakistan here on Wednesday. Deciphering as to why things were progressing between India & Pakistan now (while three-four years ago there was a host of complaints), Amin Hashwani stated that only larger country started negotiations & India was earlier contacting bigger blocks ignoring SAARC Region. He said that after initial anger & reaction following Bombay Attack, India realized that stability was badly required here & it must engage with SAARC region. Speaking about SAARC he said that apart from India all countries were mostly stagnant. He also opined that we needed to get into organizations like SAFTA because the challenges we faced today could not be solved only on national basis:

“Under SAFTA we have to allow free flow of preferential trade”. Noting that dialogues on numerous tracks were going on with India, he said it was necessary to keep all issues in tandem as there was a sense of insecurity that if one matter was given importance the other would go to backburner. Maintaining that engaging in trade with India did not mean that we were forgoing Kashmir issue, he said the final solution would be with the wishes of Kashmiris: “China has been a role model that - despite all disagreements - has a trade volume worth over US$ 60 Billion with India; It does not recognize Taiwan yet besides some US$ 60-70 Billion worth of trade, there is cross border investments worth millions of dol- KARACHI: Amin Hashwani seen receiving a memento from MAP office-bearers.

69

lars. He told that Indian Cabinet had taken major decision of allowing Pakistanis invest in India (similar to Bangladesh pattern) & Reserve Bank of India had agreed that investment could come here. He said that since India & Pakistan shared the same border, language, culture etc. there was a great potential of tourism particularly when India’s middle class was growing. Citing India’s US$ 70 Billion contribution in IT sector against merely US$ 2 Billion of Pakistan he pointed towards great possibility in service sector. Accommodating that there were challenges in sectors like health & education he said that solutions could be found out. He said that if we looked at socioeconomic indicators we would

note that we failed very badly in governance & issues like gender equality, child mortality etc. Calling young Pakistani populace as a double-edged sword Amin Hashwani held: “If not harnessed, it can become a disability”. He said that soon Pakistan’s population would be 300 million & most of them would not be young & therefore the present generation must be provided education, vocational training, health etc. He also noted that unlike Jews, Pakistanis living overseas were divided. Stressing on the need of broadening the thought process he condemned the mindset as the root-cause of intolerance.


Air pollution tied to lung cancer in non-smokers

P

EOPLE who have never smoked, but who live in areas with higher air pollu tion levels, are roughly 20 percent more likely to die from lung cancer than people who live with cleaner air, researchers conclude in a new study. “It’s another argument for why the regulatory levels (for air pollutants) be as low as possible,” said Francine Laden, a professor at the Harvard School of Public Health, who was not involved in the research, The Guardian reported. Though smoking is the number one cause of lung cancer, about one in 10 people who develop lung cancer have never smoked. “Lung cancer in ‘never smokers’ is an important cancer. It’s the sixth leading cause of cancer in United States,” said Michelle Turner, the lead author of the study and a graduate student at the University of Ottawa. Previous estimates of how many nonsmokers get lung cancer range from 14 to 21 out of every 100,000 women and five to 14 out of every 100,000 men. The fine particles in air pollution, which can irritate the lungs and cause inflammation, are thought to be a risk factor for lung cancer, but researchers had not clearly teased apart their impact from that of smoking. In this study, Turner and her colleagues followed more than 180,000 non- smokers for 26 years. Throughout the study period,

1,100 people died from lung cancer. The participants lived in all 50 states and in Puerto Rico, and based on their zip codes, the researchers estimated how much air pollution they were exposed to measured in units of micrograms of particles per cubic meter of air. Pollution levels in different locations ranged from a low of about six units to a high of 38. The levels dropped over time, however, from an average of 21 units in 1979 1983, to 14 units in 1999 2000, producing an overall average pollution level of 17 units across the study period. After the team took into account other cancer risk factors, such as secondhand smoke and radon exposure, they found that for every 10 extra units of air pollution exposure, a person’s risk of lung cancer rose by 15 to 27 percent. The increased risk for lung cancer associated with pollution is small in comparison to the 20-fold increased risk from smoking. And the study team didn’t prove that the pollution caused the cancer cases, but “there’s lots of evidence that exposure to fine particles increases cardiopulmonary mortality,” Turner told. Fine particles in air pollution can injure the lungs through inflammation and damage to DNA, Turner’s team writes in its report, published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Youm-e-Dua for Malala’s fast recovery STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has appealed to the nation to observe Friday as Youm-e-Dua for the early recovery of young child Malala Yousafzai, who is symbol of Pakistan’s bright future. He said special prayers for early recovery of Malala would be offered in government offices, educational institutions, offices of Pakistan Muslim League-N, mosques and worships places of minorities throughout the province. Shahbaz said that the nation is proud of brave Malala and is praying to Allah Almighty for her early recovery. He said Pakistan and nation’s image has been badly damaged throughout LAHORE: Activists of Local Shed Railways Worker Union set on fire the effigy of US Pastor Terry Johns during the world by the misguided protest demonstration against US-made anti-Islam film. elements that attacked innocent child Malalah.

PEPCO follow KESCs loadmanagement plan: LHC L AHORE —Chief

Justice Lahore High Court, Umer Atta Bandeyal has asked why a system similar to that managed by Karachi Electric Supple Company was not implemented in other cities. During hearing of the case against unscheduled electricity load shedding on Thursday, the lawyer of PEPCO, Khwaja Tariq Rahim said the government is taking measures against electricity-theft, at which, the Chief Justice said a plan similar to the one implemented by KESC, which has led to the end of power outages in Karachi, should be functional in other cities too. Rahim told Chief Justice Umer Bandeyal that a payment of Rs 24 billion has been made to IPPs to lessen power outages. Chief Justice Bandeyal said load-management should also be implemented in private housing societies LAHORE: Dr Nisar Cheema addressing duiring inaugural ceremony of Pneumococcal where no power outages ocVaccine orgnaized by WHO, UNICEF, Punjab Government and DHA at a local hotel. cur. After directing PEPCO to Advisor to CM Khawaja Suleman Raffique, Dr Tarioq Bhatta, Secretary Health Arif submit report on its perforNadeem, Dr Rajkumar and other dignitaries were also present on the occasion. mance regarding electricity load shedding on the next appearance, the Chief Justice adjourned the hearing till November 1.—ONLINE

Less number of buses causes transport problems

L AHORE —Less number of from Shadman to Lahore rail- Zubair Ahmed said that he buses on most of the city routes being plied by franchised companies has aggravated the transport problems of daily commuters. There was no bus from any franchised company run between Youhanabad to Lahore railway station and some other important points to Lorry Adda due to which the people have to face difficulties. “I have to commute in a crowded bus of route number 33 and 77 after a long wait

Robbers kill ASI LAHORE—An ASI was killed and a security guard sustained injuries in a shootout with dacoits at Suigas Employees Housing Society, Raiwind area in the wee hours of Thursday. Police said, four robbers barged into a house for dacoity when Security Guard Imran raised alarm. In the meantime, a police team was on a routine patrolling reached the spot. On seeing police, the bandits opened firing on them and managed to flee. As a result, ASI Fayyaz received bullet injuries and died on the spot while security guard suffered injuries and was rushed to the Jinnah Hospital. A special police team has been constituted to nab the bandits.—APP

way to reach my workplace,” says Abdul Karim a daily commuter. He said that earlier the transport system of route number 33 and 77 was better when wagons were used to ply on this route and the people had not to wait wagons for long. He appealed to the Punjab government to improve urban transport system for the facility of commuters. Another commuter

daily commute from Thokar Niaz Beg to China Chowk in a packed bus after a long wait at stop. He said that franchised companies were not improving the number of buses on the route causing difficulty for commuters. An official of Lahore Transport Company while admitting said that transport system would soon be made better as Punjab Chief Minister was taking steps to facilitate people.—APP

Lawyers observe strike to condemn attack on Malala L AHORE —The lawyers of various cities of Punjab and Balochistan Thursday boycotted the courts proceedings in protest against the heinous attack on Swat’s brave girl Malala Yousufzai. According to details, the lawyers hailing from Lahore High Court (LHC), District Bar Rawalpindi, Chakwal, Attock, Jhelum and Islamabad went on strike against the brazen broad daylight gunfire attack on a small girl while she was riding her way back home on board a school van. The lawyers did not appear before any courts, causing the adjournment of the hearings of cases, resulting in halt of all judicial businesses in most cities of Punjab.

President LHC Bar Rawalpindi Sheikh Ahsanud Din said Malala is the nation’s daughter and the nation prays for her early recovery. President District Bar Rawalpindi Sajid Ilyas Bhatti observed the assault on Malala is a cowardly act, adding she enkindled the lamp of knowledge, which will remain alight for all time to come. President District Bar Islamabad demanded the attackers involved in the heinous act be arrested immediately. In Quetta and other districts of Balochistan, lawyers observed black day against the attack on Malala Yusufzai. Black flags were hoisted on Bar offices.—INP

19th death anniversary of Ghulam Haider Wyne

Green Tractors Scheme to revolutionize forming sector: Shahbaz

SALIM AHMED L AHORE —Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that the Punjab government has decided to distribute subsidized tractors, under Green Tractors Scheme, among the farmers of districts of South Punjab, in greater number than proportionate to their population. He said the basic objective of the decision is to expedite pace of agriculture development in South Punjab, along with ensuring provision of better agri facilities to the downtrodden farmers of the area. Under this decision, one out of 7453 persons would get subsidized green tractor in South Punjab while this proportion in the remaining districts of the province would be one out of 11177 persons. This decision was taken on the special instruction of

Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif in a high-level meeting held here today during which Green Tractors Scheme came under detailed review. The meeting was also attended by Special Assistant Zaeem Hussain Qadri, Chairman Planning and Development, secretaries of Finance, Energy, Industries, Social Welfare, Agriculture, Sports and Youth Affairs, Higher Education and Information departments, alongwith other high ranking officials. The Chief Minister said that priority with regard to provision of tractors is being given to the young farmers for promotion of agriculture sector in the districts of South Punjab. He said under Green Tractors Scheme, quota of three divisions of South Punjab including Multan, Bahawalpur and DG Khan and for the districts of Bhakkar and Jhang

has been increased by 15% while a total number of 4518 tractors are being distributed in 13 districts of South Punjab, as compared to 5482 tractors being distributed in the other 23 districts of the province. Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that South Punjab plays a vital role in the agriculture economy of the province and the young farmers of South Punjab would directly benefit from this decision, enabling them to play an effective role in increasing production of crops and strengthening of agriculture economy. He said that Punjab government is giving a subsidy of two lakh rupees on each tractor while 10 thousand tractors would be distributed during the current fiscal year at a cost of rupees two billion, under Green Tractors Scheme. He said that a further ten thousand tractors

PUASA holds rally against attack on Malala STAFF REPORTER

holding banners inscribed with prayers for good health of the ambassador of education. Talking to media, Prof Dr Liaqat Ali said that PU teachers, employees and students strongly condemned attack on Malala and the purpose of the rally was to express solidarity with the ray of knowledge. He said that we prayed to Almighty Allah to bless her with the best of health. He demanded of the government to punish culprits involved so that nobody could carry out such a cowardly attack in future. ASA Acting President Dr Ehsan Sharif said that PU teachers strongly con-

demned the inhuman attack on Malala and the whole nation was praying for her health. He tendered appeal to Pakistan government to arrest culprits as soon as possible. Earlier, Prof Dr Shaukat Ali of Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology offered pray for long life of Malala. Meanwhile, Punjab University’s Registrar Office has issued a notice to the academic and administrative staff to wear black strips/ribbons on Thursday to register protest against such a brutal attack and was also read as “Thanks to Almighty, Who granted her new life!”

would be distributed among cultivators next year at a cost of rupees two billion. He said that 700 laser land levelers are also being distributed among the farmers. While briefing the Chief Minister, Secretary Agriculture informed that members parliament, government officers above grade-17 and their family members are not eligible to take part in the scheme. He said allotment letters have been issued to successful applicants after transparent balloting who would be provided tractors soon. He said 21 tractors are also being distributed in the tribal areas of DG Khan and Rajanpur for which applications are being received. The Chief Minister ordered the concerned authorities to ensure distribution of all tractors among the young farmers till 31 December 2012 positively.

Relatives thrash girl outside LHC L AHORE —A girl who mar-

ried by choice was attacked and thrashed by her relatives L AHORE —Punjab Univerin the jurisdictions of the sity Academic Staff AssociaLahore High Court (LHC) on tion (PUASA) Thursday held Thursday. a protest rally from UnderAccording to details, graduate Study Centre to Uroosa, resident of Pir Faisal Auditorium to conMahal, married Tahir L AHORE —Nazria Pakistan demn cowardly attack on Naseem by her own choice Trust is organising a special Malala Yousafzai. after which the girl’s parLed by Acting Vice Chansession on 19th death anniverents lodged a case in the cellor Prof Dr Liaqat Ali, the sary of former chief minister court. Punjab Ghulam Haider Wyne rally was participated by On Thursday, when the at Aiwan-e-Karkunan Tehreek ASA Acting President Dr girl came to the LHC for apEhsan Sharif, Prof Dr Shaukat Pakistan here on Friday. pearance in the case, her relaAccording to the NPT Ali, Prof Dr Mansoor Sarwar, tives tried to forcibly take her sources here on Thursday, Javed Sami, Shumaila Gull away. several renowned journalists and a large number of faculty On refusal by the girl, her and politicians will address members, employees and relatives thrashed her badly. students. the session to highlight his The boy’s relatives also inThe participants were role for politics and democtervened which triggered a wearing black armbands and racy.—APP clash between both the sides. Hearing the screams of the girl, the lawyers and police personnel saved her life. Police also arrested the father L AHORE —Director General and uncle of the girl.—INP Health Services Punjab has constituted a 4-member committee to conduct probe into the matter regarding alleged theft or illegal sale of EPI (Extended Programme of Immunization) vaccines by some vaccinators of district Lahore. As per notification, Director Health Services of Lahore Division, will be the chairman of this committee while EDO Health of Lahore, Chief Drug Inspector Punjab and Director (Pharmacy) will be its members. The committee will conduct probe and submit deLAHORE: Activists of Women Workers Helpline chanting slogans during a protest tailed report within three days.—APP demonstration against Taliban attacks on Malala in Swat.

Committee to probe theft of EPI vaccines

E-Paper October 12, 2012  

E-Paper October 12, 2012