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Stage is set for grand polling

Nation to stamp on its fate today Sensitive polling stations to have extra security LIAQAT TOOR ISLAMABAD—The nation will stamp on its fate today as the stage is set for 86.1 million voters to give their choice for forming the next governments in the centre and four provinces for five years. The crucial elections marked by violence in Karachi, KPK and some parts of Balochistan, have turned out to be critical and momentous as stability, economic development and peace of the nation hinge on it. As many as 15,624 candidates are in the field contesting for 844 National and Provincial Assemblies seats. Polling for at least five seats has been postponed due to deaths of candidates. The ferocious campaign, particularly launched by PML (N) and PTI, an emerging third force came to an end on Thursday night in the plains of Punjab with great shows put up by the two main contenders. Unfortunately, PPP, one of the biggest parties in the country failed to show its strength in any part of the country. MQM, M A KAISERIMAM LONDON—The British Armed JUI (F), Jamaat-e-Islami and Forces won an honourable mention at the prestigious International Military Quran Recital Contest in Saudi Arabia. They were the first ever non-Muslim nation to take part in the contest. The Quran recital competition involved 117 competitors from various Muslim and other countries. ISLAMABAD—Minister for InCompetitors were tested on their Quranic knowledge and formation and Broadcasting Arif Nizami has said that apprehentheir accuracy. Three British representa- sions about delay in elections are tives attended the event headed over and the nation is poised to exercise its right of vote today by Wing Commander with enthusiasm. Mohammed Ahmed. He was talking to newsmen One of the members of after inaugurating Post Election British team Imam Ali said: Continued on Page 6 Complaint Cell at NADRA headquarters in Islamabad on Friday. The Information Minister said the possibilities of casting bogus votes have been eliminated and arrangements are in place to catch all those trying to do that.

British soldiers eminent in Qur’an recital

Apprehensions about delay in elections are over: Nizami

Iran recalls ambassador from Cyprus

NICOSIA—Iran has responded by Cyprus’ decision to extradite an Iranian to the United States for prosecution by recalling its ambassador in Nicosia, officials said Friday. The Cyprus Foreign Ministry said Iran objected to last month’s decision to send Iranian Saeid Mohabat to the U.S. to face charges of breaching United Nations sanctions against Iran, and that Iran responded by recalling its ambassador on Wednesday “for consultations” in Tehran. Cyprus acted after one of its courts ruled there was enough evidence to indicate that Mohabat may have “committed serious offenses” and that authorities were therefore obligated to satisfy a Continued on Page 6

SC issues detailed verdict on Reko Diq case STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The Supreme Court of Pakistan issued on Friday the detailed verdict over the Reko Diq case. A three-member bench of the apex court which had heard the case issued a short order in January this year declaring the Reko Diq agreement as void. The detailed verdict of 149 pages was drafted by Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry according to which the agreement reached on July

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other regional parties are trailing behind. The political pundits are generally predicting a hung parliament, but some election watchers have said if voters turn out will be over sixty percent, the nation will witness upsets and

surprises as about 40 million new voters will make a great difference. PTI is expected to get advantage of it. The Election Commission has made elaborated arrangements for the polling while federal and principal governments are providing back up support.

On request from the Election Commission, the army has also made security arrangements for the voters as over fifteen thousand polling stations have been declared sensitive. Braving all odds and threats the people will

go to polls in the most challenging general election of country’s history to elect their leadership for the next five years. Their utmost destination will be a leadership and a government capable of steering the nation out of challenges and bring about a panacea to their problems.

Army presence clears fears in Balochistan GHULAM THAIR QUETTA—The army has created conducive atmosphere in the turbulent province of Balochistan for fair, free and transparent elections. The levy, police, frontier corps and the army are actively engaged to ensure law and order at all cost facilitating the electorates to cast their vote without fear in favour of candidates of their choice. The recent visit of General Kayani Chief of Army Staff who reviewed the law and order situation and the arrangements made to hold fair and free and impartial elections has further strength-

ened the belief of the common man to cast their vote without fear. All the booths in thirty districts have been sufficiently covered to check any untoward incident by the law enforcement agencies. The Army personnel are also deployed around election booths as special support to law enforcement agencies to effectively deal with any untoward incident of disturbance. 50 helicopters have been deployed to meet any emergency without loss of time. Civil military relations in Balochistan have improved and the misgiving that the army was

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Gilani seeks ISI help for recovery of son Multan—The Police here have not yet been able to find a clue of Ali Haider Gilani, the son of erstwhile prime minister Yousuf Raza Gilani, who was kidnapped Thursday after gunmen shot dead two of his associates at an election meeting. Ali Haider, who is contesting election from PP-200 was overcome after addressing a corner meeting. The number of kidnappers, according to the police was about four to six. Former prime minister Yousuf Raza Gilani has sought assistance of Inter-Ser-

vices Intelligence (ISI) for the recovery of his son, Ali Haider Gilani. The former prime minister Yousaf Raza Gilani on Friday said that polling should not be cancelled in Multan’s PP-200 constituency being contested by his son. The ex-PM said he could not rule out Taliban involvement in kidnapping of Hyder as there was threats to all Peoples Party leaders. Yusuf Raza Gilani on Friday vowed to continue political struggle saying that abduction of his son was conspiracy to derail polling process. Talking to me-

dia persons after meeting with PTI senior leader Javed Hashmi, Gilani said they would not abandon their political struggle. Meanwhile, Afghan President Hamid Karzai phoned former prime minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani and expressed concern over the kidnapping of his son. Afghan President prayed for the early recovery of Syed Ali Haider Gilani. Karzai said both Pakistan and Afghanistan were sailing in the same boat and stressed the need to defeat the evil of terrorism collectively and resolutely.

Election Commission of Pakistan has set up 69,875 polling stations across the country for 86,189,802 registered voters with 48,592,387 male and 37,597,415 female. Around 720,000 polling staff has been deployed for the conduct of polls tobe continued uninterrupted from 0800 hours to 1700 hours. Returning Officers will, thereon, announce the results. Amidst terrorist activities, the Caretaker Government and the security agencies will be on their toes to assist the election staff and common voters. Armed Forces will be available on call as the Commission has declared 19,644 polling stations as sensitive and 12716 as highly sensitive out of total 69,875 polling stations. The highest number of highly sensitive polling stations is in Sindhprovince followed by Punjab with 4,463, KPK with 2,142 and in Balochistan the number of highly sensitive polling stations is 1,783. In FATA, 134 pollingstations have been identified as highly sensitive and

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India declines security to Pak Zaireen ISLAMABAD—Indian government has declined to ensure the safety and security of Pakistani Zaireen planning to participate in Urs of Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti this month. This information has been given in a meeting of Director General South Asia with Indian Deputy High Commissioner. Spokesperson Foreign Office Aizaz Chaudhry in a statement has said that India has conveyed due to the prevailing security environment in India in the wake of following recent bilateral incidents‚ the Government of India would not be in a position to ensure the safety and security of the group of Zaireen from Pakistan scheduled to visit Ajmer Sharif for participation in

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FC unearths IED manufacturing company STAFF REPORTER QUETTA—Frontier Constabulary (FC) on Friday seized explosive-laden vehicle and unearthed an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) manufacturing company in Pishin. According to the spokesman, FC conducted raid in Saranan refugee camp area of Pishin and Continued on Page 6

Women barred from voting M HALEEM ASAD TIMERGARA—Women right to vote again went in doldrums after workers of different political parties at village and ward level verbally agreed not to bring women out to vote in parts of the Dir Lower. However leaders of political parties and contesting candidates on Friday strongly rejected reports that they had agreed to bar women of voting.

PESHAWAR—All is set for the 12.1 million register voters of the Khyber Pukhtunkhwa and 1.71 million registered voters of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) to exercise their right of franchise for the 35 National Assembly seats from the settled areas and 12 from FATA. However, it was a hectic, rather awful day for the poling staff in Peshawar that not only had to experience a worst day of their life but a big majority of them is sure to remain de-

prived of exercising their right of franchise, thanks to election commission of Pakistan and the DROs. Elaborate security arrangements have been made to ensure poling in a peaceful atmosphere at 9306 polling stations set up in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa and 1208 established in Tribal belt. 96,000 security forces personnel have also been deployed in FATA and Khyber Pukhtunkhwa on the polling day. Besides, 52000 police personnel would also provide security to the voters and candidates on the polling day with the Frontier Constabulary (FC) to

assist the police on the Election Day. The army chief had assured that Army would facilitate the masses in exercising their right of franchise in a safe and secure atmosphere and the people would be provided security from their homes to the polling stations. Infact, owing to rising incidents of terrorism and militants’ threats to disrupt the polling process, some 2100 polling stations have been declared as most sensitive in the Khyber Pukhtunkhwa and 500 declared sensitive in FATA’s seven agencies and six Frontier regions (FRs). Hence additional security

has been ensured on those polling stations with CCTV cameras also installed at there. On the other hand the quick response forces (QRFs) of Army and FC would also remain alert to respond to any eventuality with in short span of ten minutes. Well-equipped Control rooms have been set up in the provincial Information department and the FATA Secretariat with senior trained officers performing duties round the clock to monitor the situation by keeping close contacts with the district and Political administrations all over the province and the FATA and to

and JUI had decided jointly not to bring women out to vote. Several political workers told this reporter that the law and order situation was not suitable for women voting. “We cannot take any risk and will not let our ladies to visit male or combined polling stations,” a worker said. At the start of election campaign, leaders of all political parties during a meeting held at the Timergara Rest house had

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LDA plaza fire death toll 22 as more bodies recovered SALIM AHMED L AHORE —Death toll from LDA Plaza fire rose to 22 as rescue workers recovered more bodies from the building on Friday. DCO Syed Rizwan Mehboob said 22 people were standard on one of the floors of the building as the fire broke out on Thursday. He, however, said that exact number of those killed could not be confirmed. A spokesman for the local administration said that six people were being treated at a local hospital.

The fire that broke out at LDA Plaza in Lahore on Thursday was brought under control after 20 hours of struggle. The fire engulfed seventh and eight floors of the building within no times, trapping dozens of people. Out of those, five people jumped from the affected floors. But they died of their wounds. Search operation has been launched after the completion of cooling process. The relatives of missing persons were seen crying outside the plaza while some of them had a quarrel with rescue and police officials when they were

US wants free, fair elections

stopped from entering the plaza. Moreover, Punjab Chief Minister Najam Sethi has constituted an inquiry committee headed by Secretary Communication & Works Abid Javed to probe the incident of fire at LDAPlaza. The committee will submit its report to the Chief Minister within three days. Renowned architect Nayyar Ali Dada, Member Technical Chief Minister’s Inspection Team, Akbar Ali, Director General Civil Defense Haroon Rafique, Additional Commissioner Lahore Ghulam Sarwar,

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Zardari votes by post: spokesman

ISLAMABAD—President Asif Ali WASHINGTON —The United said State Department’s acting Zardari has voted by post in States of America Friday morning said that it looked forward to witness a transparent and fair electoral process. The statement comes a day ahead of Saturday’s (May 11) general elections. “The United States looks forward to witnessing timely, transparent, free and fair elections on May 11. These elections will mark an important democratic transition, historic development of which the people of Pakistan can be very proud”,

deputy spokesperson Patrick Ventrell in a press briefing. “We do not support any particular political party or individual candidate, and we look forward to engaging with the next democratically elected government”, he added. Ventrell noted that he wanted “to be clear about violence. “The United States condemns the recent violence that has targeted politicians and their

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Pakistan’s landmark general election, a spokesman confirmed on the eve of polls which the Taliban have vowed to attack with suicide bombers. “Yes he has cast his vote through a postal ballot,” presidency spokesman Farhatullah Babar told AFP. The Taliban have directly threatened Zardari’s Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and its main secular coalition partners, which the party says dramatically cur-

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3 security officials martyred, 9 militants killed in Kurram 5 killed, several injured in election attacks H ANGU P ESHAWAR / and wounded several. The secu- motorcycle went off in the rush QUETTA—Three soldiers were rity forces also destroyed two hours. As a result of blast three martyred, three other wounded as suspected Taliban militants on Friday ambushed post of security forces in Kurram Agency, nine militants were also killed in retaliate action. According to official sources, the battle took place at the Para Chamkani area of Central Kurram Agency when a group of terrorists attacked security post in the area. Three security personnel were killed and three were injured when militants opened fire. The security forces retaliated and killed 9 militants

Officials on election duty uneasy TARIQ SAEED

Talking to this reporter the JI candidate for PK-94 Muzaffar Syed and PPP candidate and former provincial minister Mahmood Zeb Khan told on contact that they had not signed any such deal. They denied reports of reaching a verbal deal and said that they had neither met in this connection nor had any deal. On the other hand, villagers of different areas said that workers of different political parties including the PPP, ANP, PTI, JI

update the electronic and the print media about minute to minute developments. However, on the other hand, the role of Provincial Election Commission and the District Returning Officers (DROs) remained unsatisfactory in Peshawar where they mercilessly failed to facilitate the thousands of poling staffers on a day prior to election. While the DG ISPR had said in Peshawar a couple of days back that the army would provide security for shifting the ballot papers to the polling sta-

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militant hideouts by aerial shelling. Security official said that the injured personnel were rushed to the Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Thall. Chamkani is the area where security forces have consistently been attacked by militants. Meanwhile,at least five persons were killed and 21 others injured as twin blasts rocked different areas of North Waziristan Agency, on Friday. The first blast took place in the Khawaja Jan Chowk of NWA where explosives planted in a

persons were killed on the spot while several others sustained injuries. The bodies and injured were shifted to District Headquarter (DHQ) Hospital for medico-legal formalities. According to the eye witnesses, a passenger coach was the target of the attack, intended to cause mass destruction. Another blast took place in main market of Miranshah where unknown miscreants had planted explosives with bicycle which exploded with a big bang.

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Political leaders advised to restrict their activities STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Home Department Punjab after the information of attacking important political leaders by terrorists has immediately issued instructions to political leaders to restrict their political activities. Home Department Punjab through a letter, has formally informed the political leaders that there are pieces of information that mischievous elements can attack them for achieving their nefarious designs and there is apprehension that effort of murderous attack can be made on political leaders.

Home Department in view of this information has issued an advisory warning to political leaders and asked them that public meetings, processions and rallies should not be taken out in open places and sit-ins should also be avoided. The Home Department has also issued instructions to law enforcement agencies to further tighten the security of political leaders and important buildings. It has been further said in the instructions of Home Department that political leaders should act upon the instructions of Home Department to avoid any unto-

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NA-103 candidate violates polls rule, fined BASHIR AHMAD RAHMANI

Foolproof elections security upped: Governor

Army deployed in KP, FATA

STAFF REPORTER PESHAWAR/SWAT/QUETTA— pecially the traders to check tions. He also mentioned the use all its resources to ensure with the overall law and order

HAFIZABAD—Returning Of- The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa the security arrangements visit of the Chief Army Staff, and conduct free, fair and ficer Pindi Bhattain Ch. Ghulam Rasool has imposed a fine of Rs. 5000 to Mian Shahid Hussain Bhatti, candidate for NA-103, on the charge of wall chalking violating Election Code of Ethic. ***** A dangerous and odd animal like jackal was caught by the Rescue-1122 squad from nearby Kot Kaishoo village after two hours frantic efforts. The dangerous animal had injured two youngmen of the village, who informed the Rescue-1122 squad which rushed to the village and after strenuous efforts caught the animal. ***** The police have arrested Muhammad Tufail, so of Muhammad Hayat of Kot Sarwar from outside the District Judicial Lockup and seized 1050 grams charas and 20 grams heroin. According to police source, Sub-Inspector Zahoor Ahmad suspected the dubious activities of accused Muhammad Tufail near the Judicial Lockup. On search SI recovered from him 1050 grams charas and 20 grams heroin which he brought from the village to hand over the contraband to an under trial prisoner related to him.

30 Rescue Ambulances being deputed MULTAN—The district emer-

Governor, Engineer Shaukatullah Friday said that the government is sparing no effort to ensure peaceful and smooth conduct of general elections. “Foolproof security arrangements have been made both in the province and FATA to enable the voters to exercise their right of verdict in an amicable atmosphere,” he told media during his visit around the city. The governor went round various parts of Peshawar City and met with citizens es-

and public satisfaction for May 11. He mixed with the general public and wished them to exercise the right of verdict with confidence and courage. “I am here to realize that we all stand together and exercise our right of vote with peace of mind and satisfaction,” he remarked. Speaking on the occasion, he highly eulogized the enthusiastic response and high spirit of the citizens and hoped that they would fully participate in the general elec-

General Ashfaq Parvez Kiyani to the provincial metropolitan the other day and said that indeed the role of Pak Army in making peaceful conduct of elections is very important and is greatly valued by all in making this possible. Swat: Army pickets were established in the entire city as well as in outskirts of Mingora to hinder any outsider to enter the city. An order to maintain law and order situation Army high up’s will

DR M RAMZAN RANA T AXILA —As the garrison city of Wah Cantonment set for tough fight today, the city likes previous election once again becomes a political fortress of the PML-N and no serious challenge is visible for the party’s candidate in this constituency in the elections. The political scene in historic town of Wah named after Mughal emperor Wah Gardens, once a halting point of the Mughal kings and princes seems tilting in favour of Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) candidate Haji Umer Farooq. In PP-8, (Rawalpindi-VIII) comprising the garrison city of Wah Cantonment and its rural areas, 202,736 registered voters would cast their votes for one provincial assembly seat. In this constituency as many as 154 polling stations and 384

polling booths would be established. In 2008 elections, PML-N Ms Umer Farooq won the election and Malik Taimoor Masood Akbar, who contested on the ticket of PML-Q lost with 11664 votes. This constituency is considered to be a stronghold of PML-N, but soon after Imran Khan country wide drive with slogan of “Vote for change”, the wave of change which Imran Khan is spearheading has largely influenced voters and complexion of the game stands markedly changed. But a quick survey indicates the slight entry of Faisal Iqbal, a close relative of PTI candidate Taimoor Masood has divided their clan votes and caused serious dent to later family votes and now as per predictions of the political pundits the final showdown is going to be between PTI and PMLN and independent candidate

PK-89, said that they would bring Islamic revolution in the country if public voted them to power on 11th May. Abdul Rehman said that he approved water supply scheme at Drosh costing 130 million rupees and similarly he also approved upgradation of RHC hospital at Arandu costing a huge amount as well as so many schools were upgraded to high level but PPP and ANP coalition government badly failed to post staff at these schools. He said that he would open his office at Drosh and stay here if elected as MPA. He also claimed that during MMA government he blacktopped 7 kilometers long Arandu road but nothing was done during the last 5 years. Haji Haider Raza announced to join JUI after remaining 21 years with PPP. Some other politicians also joined JUI-F on the occasion. An other public meeting was also held at Ayun where a large number of people including Kalash community attended the public meeting. Sharaf Kalash announced to join JUI-F and stressed upon HYDERABAD: Presiding officers and Assistant Presiding officers wait for their turn other members of the commuin session court for receiving election material for May 11 elections. nity to support JUI candidate.


Quetta: A convoy of Pakistan Army along with media team Friday visited Pishin district of Balochistan to hold flag march and observe arrangements made for general elections. Flag march aimed at developing the sense of security amongst the voters, passed though main thoroughfares of the district. Local area people hailing the visit of Army and media team expressed satisfaction over the security measures adopted for the elections.—APP

P ESHAWAR —Internally displaced persons (IDPs) of Kurram Agency Friday staged a protest demonstration here in-front of the Peshawar Press Club demanding postponement of the elections for NA-38 constituency as thousands of IDPs were living under the open skies. The IDPs staged a protest demonstration and chanted slogans while held placards with their demands inscribed. The protesters maintained that thousands of

Faisal Iqbal. On the other hand PTI old stalwart Khawaja Mohammad Imtiaz advocate who was denied party ticket is contesting as independent candidate and during his speeches he announced that he would gift the seat to party chief after winning which would definitely divide the party vote bank in the area and ultimately dent to PTI ticket holder candidate Taimoor Masood. Talking to this reporter, political pundits have said that “it is a sure-enough battle of nerves in PP-8 having all the ingredients of either shattering the PML-N popularity credentials or taming down the PTI Tsunami waves before they could penetrate the garrison city of Wah Cantonment”. They said that the area is a political fortress of Ch QUETTA: Election Commission workers return after collecting ballot boxes from the Election Commission office. Nisar Ali Khan who ruled the roost for almost two decades.

Islamic revolution if voted to power: JUI-F

ANY Pakistanis are hoping for a politi cal change, even though there is no clear alternative to an increasingly unpopular PPP. There are fears that the need to form a viable coalition might lead to weak government. At the last parliamentary election in 2008, the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) under the leadership of Asif Ali Zardari was elected to form a new government - and it was one that made history. In March 2013, a civilian government in Pakistan was able to formally conclude its term for the first time. Now that new elec-

transparent election on May 11, ISPR spokesperson for Malakand division Colonel Zeeshan told APP. He made it clear that security forces were very clear about their role in maintaining peace on the polling day across the division adding more army personnel will keep patrolling, especially in sensitive areas of the city while quick response force will be on standby position if required and will come to help the administration. Army is satisfied

Kurram Agency IDPs were spending lives under open skies, and in this case who would go to the polls to vote for the NA-38 constituency. The protestors demanded of the Chief Justice of Pakistan Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry to take suo motu notice and issue a stay order until the IDPs return to their native villages. PTI candidate from NA-35, Malakand Junaid Akbar Khan and PK-98, Yasir Khan advocate claimed that the people of the district had decided in favour of their party and May 11 poll is only a formality in that regard.

Wah Cantt still PML-N citadel: Farooq

gency board decided to depute Rescue 1122 ambulances at 30 various places on May 11 to avoid any unpleasant incident. A district emergency board meeting, led by Additional District Collector Ali Akbar Bhatti, was held here on Thursday. Addressing the meeting, ADC Ali Akbar Bhatti directed all departments concerned to finalise focal persons and ensure their presence at control room. He said the control room would work round-the- clock from May 10. In charge Rescue 1122 GUL HAMAAD FAROOQI Dr Farhan told the meeting that wireless sets would be opera- CHITRAL—Jamiat Ulema-i-Istional at control room on May lam-F group will bring Islamic revolution if they were voted 10.—APP


IDPs wants NA-38 polls postponed

to power. Addressing a public meeting at Drosh and Ayun, Maulvi Hidayatur Rehman candidate for NA-32, Maulvi Abdul Rehman, candidate for

Police hold criminals, recover huge arms STAFF REPORTER


Khyber Pakhtunkhwa police in the ongoing targeted operation and routine patrolling against the outlaws, anti-social elements and saboteurs have rounded up hard core criminals and recovered huge quantity of arms, ammunition and narcotics from their possession. As per detail on the directives of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa police chief Ihsan Ghani the police in the ongoing targetted action on daily basis throughout the province conducted a total of 276 raids and succeeded in the arrest of 243 criminals which included 102 proclaimed offenders and 141 anti-social elements. The arms and ammunition recovered included 28 Kalashnikov, 22 Kalakov, 28 Rifles, 40 short guns, 205 pistol, 10 Digger, 4 Hand grenade, 30 magazine and 8581 cartridges of different bores. The narcotics taken in police custody included 32 kg charas, 4 kg Heroin and 82 bottles of liquor. In order to make the 2013 General Election peaceful, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa police have launched targetted operation against the outlaws in which so for hundreds of criminal have been arrested.

Sporadic thundershowers likely in upcountry

KHAR—Stage is set for oneI SLAMABAD —Pakistan Me- C, Faisalabad 40 , Multan 41 on-one contest between father teorological Department (PMD) has forecast scattered dust storms with isolated rain and thundershowers for upper and central parts of the country at evenings and nights on the Election Day. Spokesman of Met Office informed that a weak weather system is likely to grip central parts of the country from today and upper parts on Saturday. Scattered dust storms accompanied by gusty winds and isolated thundershowers are expected in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa on the day. While in Kashmir, rain with thunderstorm is also expected during the next 24 hours. The weather will remain hot and dry in Sindh and Balochistan on the Election Day. The farmers of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are advised to take precautionary measures regarding harvested wheat crop during next few days. The maximum temperatures recorded during the last 24 hours were Islamabad 36 C, Lahore 41 C, Karachi 34 C, Peshawar 38 C, Quetta 38 C, Skardu 22 C, Murree 24 C, Muzzafarabad 36 C, Gilgit 28

C, Hyderabad 39 C. The hottest places during the last 24 hours were Dadu 47 C, Shaheed Benazirabad, Sukkur 44 C, Larkana, Rohri, Rahim Yar Khan and Bahawalpur 43

C. The rainfall recorded was Sibbi 5 mm, Barkhan 2 mm and D.G.Khan 01mm. While the Pollen Count in Islamabad today was 241 per cubic meter. The weather will remain hot and dry in Balochistan and Sindh during the Election Day. The farmers of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa must take precautionary measures regarding harvested wheat crop during next two to three days. During the next 24 hours, the weather will remain hot and dry with chances of dust storm with isolated/thundershower is expected at Zhob DG Khan division and Gilgit Baltistan. —APP

Dicey elections, hung parliament forecast! tions will be held, possible political candidates have been presenting themselves. Apart from the regular candidates, there seems to be an alternative. But even though the population is eagerly expecting a change, experts think it is highly unlikely. The party of the former Prime minister Nawaz Sharif is expected to garner up to 30 percent of the vote To evaluate the current political sentiment, the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) in Pakistan conducted a survey with help from the Heinrich Böll Institute. The survey, which was commissioned between October and December 2012, shows that people are skep-

tical of the political leadership in the country, according to SDPI director Abid Suleri. The results showed that the then governing party, the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), was regarded as particularly corrupt, whereas the military, the judiciary and the media were believed to be less open to bribery. Cricketing celebrity status In this year ’s election campaign, the main political parties are accused of relying on the celebrity status of their candidates, rather than a clear party program. Former cricket star Imran Khan, with his center-right Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) party, is believed to be one of them. Although he vehemently dif-

ferentiates himself from the two major parties - the PPP and the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) - he lacks political experience and a clear agenda. “Imran Khan’s Tehreek-e-Insaaf has surely laid the main focus of the election program on the agricultural sector,” Christian Wagner of the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) told DW. “But its members are accused of being inconsistent. Most of them are former supporters of the two major parties who joined the PTI out of frustration or for more political power.” However, Imran Khan has been able to win over young political candidates

and voters with his charismatic manner. Weak government expected Although the SDPI survey was conducted five months prior to the elections, basic trends in voting behavior can be predicted. The three largest political parties in Pakistan - the PPP of the recent president Asif Ali Zardari, the PML-N of former president and industrialist Nawaz Sharif and the currently popular Khan’s PTI are expected to each receive 20 to 30 percent of the votes. “This result would enable several scenarios for coalitions,” said Wagner. Petersen believes the winners of the election will be forced to search for coalition partners which will primarily

Father of KP Governor face to face with JI Fata chief in NA-43

pursue their own interests. Therefore she thinks the outcome of the elections might be that the “the next Pakistani government will be a weak one.” Military’s power still crucial a consideration of the military, seen as the real lever of power in Pakistan, is needed to predict what the forthcoming elections will bring. According to experts, it remains the most important authority of the country and also controls a large part of the economy. According to an analyst, the military has only formally withdrawn Another analyst Suleri points out that the recent government was able to increase its influence in the department

of foreign affairs and the military could no longer override the government as easily as before. However, experts doubt that the military will refrain from exerting political influence in future. The military as well as the secret service still act as a state within the state. “We have seen that the military, which was formerly very active in Pakistani politics, has formally withdrawn,” Wagner stressed. “Yet, this does not necessarily mean it has lost its power of influence.” The military has made it clear that it will fully support the upcoming democratic elections, as it has a strong interest in a stable country. Little change in practice

of the Khyber Pakthunkhwa Governor, Haji Bishmallah Khan and Chief of Jamaat-eIslami Fata and former MNA, Haroon Rashid on NA-43 Bajaur Agency as both the political heavyweights vowed to work for socio-economic uplift of tribal people. In-spite of the fact that all major political parties have fielded strong political heavyweights in the constituency, but political observers opined that real contest would be between Haji Bismaullah Khan, father of KP Governor Engr Shuakatullah Khan and Chief of JI and former MNA, Haroon Rashid on this constituency. Despite the implementation of the Political Parties Act in Fata, many people are contesting as independents because of security threats to political parties and are giving tough time to Haji Bismallah Khan and Haroon Rashid. On NA-43 Bajaur, seventeen candidates, who had passed through different phases of electoral process including scrutiny and electioneering are in the run by making hue.—APP Britta Petersen draws a different conclusion from the past five years of the PPPgovernment. It may have triggered many initiatives in the field of women’s rights, climate policy and food supplies but “the main problem is that all these legal and regulatory texts are waiting to be applied in practice.” The PPP has failed in its plans to provide the population with the basic needs. The food and energy supplies of the country are in a disastrous state. Pakistan is yearning for a political change, claims Petersen, but this is unlikely to take place. Most analyst establish himself as a political player in Pakistan. “Maybe the elections in 2018 will hold chances for Imran Khan to get a higher office, but certainly not in the current elections,” said Suleri.

Stamp your bright future today


Has Washington played into Moscow’s hands?


ESPITE all sorts of rumours, confusion and disinformation spread by vested interests as part of their designs to get the electoral process derailed or delayed, it is quite heartening that the much-awaited day has approached and the nation would be casting votes today to elect its representatives for the next five years. This is yet another milestone in the country’s otherwise chequered history, as one elected government completed its tenure and transfer of power would be done to the next democratically elected government. The holding of timely elections itself is an achievement in the face of series of bomb blasts that targeted candidates, workers of different parties and innocent people taking part in electoral exercise. There were also rumours that some powers are finding excuses to delay the elections as they are not finding themselves anywhere in the post-election period. But finally, polling is taking place today and hopefully the elections would help put the country on the path of uninterrupted democratic journey and progress and prosperity. This is achievable only if people of Pakistan make wiser choices while casting votes and elect those who can really steer the country out of the existing mess. For the first time in the history of the country, no one is in a position to make any estimation about outcome of the polls as the situation is very fluid due to unpredictable PTI factor and there are fears that the elections would produce a hung parliament necessitating formation of a coalition government. In normal circumstances, coalition governments are not bad as these ensure participation of different interests in the government but this very factor sometime creates obstacle in the running of the affairs of the state due to clash of interests. Anyhow, the future of the nation is in the hands of voters and we hope that they would rise above tribal, kinship, sectarian and ethnic consideration and vote for only those candidates who can deliver in the peculiar circumstances. While exercising our right to franchise, we must not lose sight of the fact that we are stamping our own future and the result would be no different than what we sow.

Abduction of Gilani’s son T

HERE were a number of tragedies during election campaign as a number of people lost their lives, election rallies were bombed and offices attacked; PTI Chairman Imran Khan got serious injuries caused by a fall from lifter but the last day of electioneering witnessed a dramatic incident in which son of the former Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani was kidnapped and his guard and secretary killed. Gunmen kidnapped Ali Haider Gilani, who was contesting elections from PP-200, was kidnapped when he was busy in his election campaign and therefore, the incident is being linked to electoral politics. This being so, it is highly unfortunate that we are unable to do politics in civilized and decent manner as is done in other countries and resort to violence and arms-twisting tactics to harass our political opponents. Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani remained Prime Minister of the country for over four years and no one would disagree that he is a soft spoken and polite leader who does not believe in politics of revenge or violence. In this backdrop, it is good that almost all political leaders and parties have strongly condemned the incident. The incident is reflective of the reality that rule of law and writ of the state is diminishing with the passage of everyday. The law-enforcing agencies seem to be helpless in the face of surge in crime as no one feels secure even at home or outside. This should be a cause for concern for the concerned agencies and the new government, which should make improvement of law and order as number one priority as the country cannot march forward on road to progress without sense of security amongst its people. We also hope that the incident would be investigated promptly and Haider recovered unharmed.

Karzai’s offer of nine bases to US! A

PPREHENSIONS that the United States would not completely withdraw from Afghanistan after 2014 are coming true, sending wrong signals not only for people of Afghanistan but also its neighbours that are anxiously waiting for restoration of normalcy and peace in the region. The most treacherous aspect of the entire episode is that the United States is being facilitated in its designs by no other personality than the President of Afghanistan, who is otherwise supposed to safeguard interests and prestige of his nation. The announcement of Karzai on Thursday that he could allow the United States to keep nine military bases in the country as part of negotiations over a long-term security pact with Washington is fraught with serious implications for Afghanistan and the region. Retention of nine military bases all over the country and an unspecified number of troops ranging from 2,500 to 12,000 clearly means continuation of the on-going conflict in Afghanistan, which is all about protection of sovereignty of the country. Afghans have never allowed trampling of their independence and sovereignty directly or indirectly by any foreign country and that is why they are waging a struggle for withdrawal of foreign troops completely from their homeland. Presence of a large number of troops and US bases would also mean continuation of targeted military operations in Afghanistan and that would be a permanent source of conflict. It is also obvious that the US wants to retain these bases as part of its regional agenda aimed at keeping an eye on Pakistan, Iran, China and Central Asian Republics. If Afghanistan allows its soil to be used for any sort of activities against any neighbouring country then the dream of peace and stability in Afghanistan would remain elusive.

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Irresponsible & insensitive leadership der of Pakistani prisoner Sanaullah in Indian jail. Mian Nawaz Sharif promised never to allow the soil for anti-India Mohammad Jamil country’s activities, and said he will Email: expedite the 26/11 trial here and probe ISI’s role in the Mumbai terror atndian media’s jingoism and tacks if he returns to power. It has to hyper nationalism of India’s be mentioned that India, the arch encivil society, politicians and mili- emy of Pakistan which always points tary men were obvious when they finger of accusation towards Pakistan reacted furiously on Sarabjit Singh’s for every terrorists’ act, could not find death. There is incontrovertible evi- any evidence that Pakistan as a state dence that because Sarabjit Singh or any of its agency was involved. It was a RAW agent who infiltrated is unfortunate that Mian Nawaz into Pakistan to commit terrorist at- Sharif did not mention about Indian tacks against innocent Pakistanis. RAW’s support to insurgents in Sarabjit Singh had confessed hav- Balochistan, and never sought ing carried out bomb attacks in Pa- promise that India would not use kistan that killed 14 persons and Afghan or Indian soil for its covert injured many. He was a proven ter- operations in Balochistan carried out rorist sponsored by Indian state in- from Indian consulates in adjoining stitutions and convicted by the apex Afghan provinces. Could there be such a clueless, court of Pakistan. Yet, Sarabjit Singh was cremated with state hon- directionless and inept leadership, ors, and was awarded gun salute, even ignorant of how the public feels what they said, for his bravery in about it for its sensitivity to national line with the national cause. As a honor and cause? Why Mian sahib response to Sarabjit Singh’s death did not talk about violations of Indus Pakistani prisoner Sanaullah was Water Treaty by India? The construcfatally beaten by his Indian jail in- tion of controversial hydropower mates. Indian media campaign and projects by India on Pakistan’s share political response was all-encom- of river waters is indeed violation of passing, well-coordinated and uni- Indus Water Treaty, which can defied. Yet many apologists including stroy the agriculture and economy of some Pakistani leaders, media per- this country. Of course, Pakistan had sons and intellectuals do not feel taken the Baglihar and Kishanganga qualms for appeasing and acquiesc- Hydropower Project to the World Bank, which appointed arbitrators to ing to India. During a recent interview in a resolve those disputes; but somehow program ‘Devil’s Advocate’ on CNN- India gets away by making minor IBN to Karan Thapar, Mian Nawaz modifications according to the verSharif talked about every subject con- dict by the arbitrator. India continues cerning India without having any re- with water terrorism by making dams gard for stated national policies. He and reservoirs on Pakistani rivers in did not utter a single word on the mur- violation of Indus Water Treaty. In

News & Views


2010, India had released 80000 to 100000 causecs of water only after its dams were filled and could no longer accommodate additional water. On 16th August 2011, India spilled more than 70,000 cusecs of additional water into River Sutlej without prior information to Pakistani authorities, inundating dozens of villages in Ganda Singhwala area of Kasur district, which had caused billions of rupees loss to the farmers of the area. Agriculturists suffered, as the floods had destroyed the standing crops on a vast land comprising hundreds of hectares. Mian Nawaz Sharif or any of its leaders never protested against India for violations of Indus Water Treaty. Sixty per cent of population of Pakistan depends on agricultural directly or indirectly. It contributes at least 24 per cent to the Gross Domestic Product, and is a source of employment for millions of people. Such leaders do not raise the issue violations of Indus Water Treaty by India, atrocities by Indian security forces against Kashmiris, inhuman treatment of Pakistani prisoners, Samjhota Express episode and last but not the least fuelling insurgency in Balochistan, because they do not want to annoy India. India had tortured Abdul Aleem and Qateel, and Pakistan received bodies of Pakistani prisoners during past decade with no reaction from spineless political leaders like Mian Nawaz Sharif, and some journalists, writers and media men. A large media group and its anchorpersons and analysts are reluctant to portray national esteem for the sake of CBMs with India and so-called aman ki asha. A brief account of the atrocities committed by, what the US and the West say, the largest democracy of the world will be appropriate. In 2009,

two Pakistani prisoners had died in Indian custody - one was Mohammad Akram, and the other one Mehmoud Khalid, a Pakistani citizen, who had gone to India to watch a cricket test match where he lost his passport for which he was subjected to sever torture resulting in his death. Unfortunately nobody could save Khalid – neither any lawyer like Ansar Burney, nor any human rights organization. The entire world knows that India is a hegemonic state and wishes the smaller countries of the region to consult it for its foreign policy or if it is a matter of buying arms and ammunition. Like Pakistan and Nepal, Bangla Desh has also dispute with India over river waters, because India has chosen to use river waters as a lever to force other countries to acquiesce to India. The world is witnessing that India continues with its intransigence to intimidate its neighbors through various means such as river-diversion plans and extending support to rebels or the oppositions of member countries of the SAARC. Sri Lanka was also victim of India’s machinations, as the latter has started constructing Sethusamudram Shipping Canal 250 kilometre long and 10 metre deep, linking Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean, which meant that ships would not have to go around Sri Lanka. This would be detrimental to Sri Lanka’s economic interests, and deprive it of a reasonable source of revenue. Since the UN does not have any implementation wing, it is the responsibility of the big powers to help the smaller nations in realization of their rights by using their clout to implement the United Nations Security Council resolutions. —The writer is Lahore-based senior journalist.

Futility of drone attacks Iqbal Khan Email:tweets@wonderous101


rone is a milder terminol ogy used for the ‘Unarmed Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV) being employed by the CIA and other clandestine troops on behalf of American Department of Defence. One wonders whether this class of undeclared combatants are covered by the UN mandate that authorised the use of military force in Afghanistan. Surely, there is no legitimacy for using these aerial vehicles inside Pakistan. Beyond doubt, drone strikes in Pakistan are unethical, illegal, non-productive and a severe violation of international law. America has not yet answered concerns regarding the secrecy, legality and efficacy of the drone warfare programme. Drone raids have created more extremists than they could eliminate. Obama administration argues that targeted drone attacks have a legal basis, drawing strength from the congressional authorization to use force after 9/ 11. American intelligentsia is using its influence to bring drone warfare out of darkness of mystery and into public view. Their concerns are: secrecy, legality and morality. Drone strikes and targeted kill lists are highly classified. This makes it difficult to discern the true effectiveness of the drones at tactical level. No one knows who is on the American kill list, no one knows how they got there and no one knows what they can do to get themselves off. What makes this situation even worse is that no one can tell people in these communities what they can do to make themselves safe. It’s all terrifyingly random, sudden, and without warning.

Under the rules of ‘International Humanitarian Law’, targeted killing is only lawful when it meets three preconditions: the target is directly participating in the hostilities; the use of force is proportionate; and precautions are taken to minimize harm to civilians. According to International Law, invitation from the targeted country and the right of self defence, with certain preconditions, are the only two ways through which drone strikes can be justified on sovereign countries. Even if all legal avenues have been addressed, the question remains: Does drone warfare create a safer environment and keep noncombatants out of harm’s way? On October 4, 2012, Stanford and New York Universities released a major study about the use of drones. The key message was: Drones are terrorizing an entire civilian population; they live under the constant threat of annihilation. People hear them day and night. Parents are afraid to send their children to school. Women are afraid to go to markets. Families are afraid to gather at funerals for people wrongly killed in earlier strikes. Drivers are afraid to deliver food from other parts of the country. The routines of daily life have been ripped to shreds. Indisputably innocent people cower in their homes, afraid to assemble on the streets. “Double taps,” or secondary strikes on the same target, have stopped residents from aiding those who have been injured; humanitarian agencies also delay their assistance by hours. The US defines militants as all militaryage males, typically between 18 and 65. The alleged militants’ homes are tagged on a tip off from an informant. And because no one knows who the informants are, people are reluctant to invite neighbours into their homes. Public opinion in Pakistan is vehemently hostile towards the usage

of these so called drones. Pakistan has never granted overt approval for use of drones in its air-space. Rumours of covert understanding have correspondingly invoked denials from Pakistani side. However, President Musharraf ’s recent acknowledgement that he had allowed limited usage of drones has severely dented Pakistan’s claim about violation of its sovereignty. Americans are singing praises regarding the achievement of military objectives through drones. Part of this seems to be a sponsored effort by the military industrial lobbies vying for new orders for additional drones. In April 2012, the marketing and consultancy firm, Teal Group, projected that worldwide UAV spending will double over the next decade, reaching an estimated $94bn by 2021. There is a need to ponder whether drones are effective at reducing the will of the adversary to fight. Recent figures out of Afghanistan are discouraging. The number of attacks reportedly carried out by “insurgents” in the period from April to June 2012 was 11% higher than during the same period of 2011. This resulted in almost 110 attacks a day during the month of June 2012, the highest number of attacks for that month since the war began. These statistics do not appear to be in line with an effective counterterrorism policy that boasts of sapping the will of the enemy to fight. On the contrary, one could argue that drone strikes are only encouraging more violence on the part of the insurgents. The war in Afghanistan is now the longest war in America’s history. Perhaps some light could be shed on current events by looking back at America’s second longest war, the war in Vietnam. Here too, conventional wisdom held that if you just “bombed them” hard enough and long enough, you would weaken the

enemy’s resistance and will to fight. This would then render the adversary more amenable to seeing and understanding your position, and seek a cessation to hostilities. It was this thought process during the 1960s that led to the bombing campaign known as “Operation Rolling Thunder.” It was originally planned to last just twelve weeks and was designed to bring the enemy to his “senses.” It ended up lasting three years and nine months. In a study funded by the Defence Department, and carried out by the Rand Corporation, it was found that the bombing campaign did not have the intended effect on enemy morale. On the contrary, the study reported that “…enemy troops, despite increasing hardships and frustrations with no rewarding victories to show in return, have failed to reveal any signs of cracking.” London-based ‘Bureau of Investigative Journalism’ estimated that due to drone attacks, 472 to 885 civilians were killed in Pakistan during the period 2002-2012. Another candid estimate puts the ratio of civilian casualties in Pakistan to as high as 97 percent. Such human tragedy cannot be pushed under the carpet in the garb of innocent looking terminologies like ‘collateral damage’. From utility stand point, usage of such aerial vehicles is proving counterproductive. More than inaccuracy of onboard weapons, flawed intelligence information appears to be the underlying cause for these uncalled for civilian losses. Drone strikes in Pakistan are shrinking the space created by the Pakistan Army after successful operations in areas like Swat, Bajour and South Waziristan. Majority of people in FATA are against the drone strikes and favour Pakistan Army operation to clear out militants from their areas.

he agreement between Mos cow and Washington to work together on Syria has been hailed by the UN-Arab League envoy, Lakhdar Brahimi, as much as anything, because as he himself has said, it is the first hopeful news about the Syrian tragedy for a long while. He was right however, to caution that this is only a first step and indeed, there are those who will fear that this could be a step in the wrong direction. US Secretary of State John Kerry said after his meeting this week with his Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov, along with President Vladimir Putin, that the Obama administration backed talks between the Syrian opposition and the regime of Bashar Assad. Both countries have agreed to convene an international conference to seek a negotiated end to the savage fighting, which by some estimates has now cost 80,000 lives and driven millions of Syrians from their homes. The opening position of the conference would be to seek to have all parties agree to the final communiqué of the UN-backed Action Group for Syria almost a year ago in Geneva. This called for an immediate cease-fire and the setting up of a transitional government, which could include in its ranks, officials from the Assad regime as well as members of the opposition. In large measure, Washington has given in to Moscow, which has consistently used the argument that there must be negotiations as political cover for its continued military and logistical support for the regime in Damascus. The question is why the Obama White House has changed tack. First of all there is the issue of personalities. The hyper-active and sometimes abrasive former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has been succeeded by the more “clubbable” John Kerry, who, from the Russian point of view, will have been the more welcome at the Kremlin in that he has not yet drawn any policy lines in the sand. President Barack Obama has never wanted to intervene directly in Syria, any more than he allowed what was actually extensive US involvement in the ouster of Libya’s Muammar Qaddafi, to be high profile. Then there is Lakhdar Brahimi himself, who, before the US-Russian agreement was reached, was believed to be on the point of resigning his crucial role. While few might blame Brahimi for such a decision, it would have had a devastating impact on the Syrian conflict, signaling as it would have, that there seemed no resolution to the bloodletting and butchery. State Department strategists have surely seen the thickly-sown minefield surrounding the proposed international conference, which is being touted for some time this month. Kerry appears to have dropped US insistence that Assad and close members of his regime should not be part of any transitional government. Instead, it seems that this issue is to be resolved by the conference itself. However, the biggest barrier has to be the likely reluctance of the opposition’s political front, the Syrian National Coalition, to have any truck with Assad and his people. Moreover, even assuming that the SNC could agree to sit down and talk without conditions, it must be wondered how much backing the disparate units of the Free Syria Army would give to the negotiations. It can be certain that the AlQaeda-linked Al-Nusra Front would ignore any deal and continue with its own sinister agenda on the battlefield. The expectation has to be that even supposing an SNC delegation comes to the conference, its presence will be disowned by some members of the coalition. Therefore any deal reached on a transitional government, will lack credibility and almost certainly be rejected by those political grouping that have chosen to stay away. And here the wheel will have turned full circle. Almost from the start of the uprising, Assad protested, even as his troops were slaughtering his own people, that he really wanted to negotiate. —Arab News

All men think all men mortal, but themselves. Edward Young —British poet

Anarchistic diplomacy & Afghanistan Voice of the People

of stabilizing Afghanistan under Mr Karzai remain bleak dangerous. Rana Athar Javed and The current situation, Email: whereby the Pak-US relationsare improving, it is principally important that Afn a highly isolated and complex ghanistan must avoid an inordinate process of governance, Presi degreeof rhetoric, thereby escaping dent Karzai has become the pri- from more chaos and socio-political mary source of negatively influenc- insecurity. Although the complexity ing the US efforts to negotiate a cred- of Afghan conflict is widely recogible peace in Afghanistan. The fact nized as the most challenging threat that Mr Karzai is more involved in to international peace and security, anarchistic diplomacy rather than fa- the “Indian factor” to influence excilitating the peaceful US withdrawal ternal peace environment cannot be from Afghanistan reflects indoctrina- afforded in the pre/post-withdrawal tion of very dangerous personalized/ process. Given the timeline of the US vested regional interests. From op- withdrawal, and the advanced defiposing the historical Pak-Afghan bor- ciency of policy planning within the der (Durand Line) to ordering ANSF Afghan government, reflects a very to attack Pak-military checkposts and complex diplomatic environment in from advising Taliban to attack South Asia. The impact of US national secuPakistanisto providing sanctuaries to TTP/BLA leadership – each of these rity thinking and critical approach of designs will have enormous ramifi- President Karzai toward Pakistan cations for the safety of the US/ would ultimately undermine US/ NATO troops in Afghanistan, be- NATO’s overall objectives of peace cause the current Afghan government and stability. The question is whether is totally failed in providing relief to Mr Karzai’s rhetoric has become an irritant, which needs diplomatic rethe ordinary citizens. As Mr Karzai’spresidential term finement? The statement such as, “the approaches to a logical conclusion, United States and the Taliban of the launch of a “new diplomatic” colluding to convince Afghans that battle against Pakistan aims to ma- foreign forces were needed to mainnipulate America’s decision- tain peace in the country beyond next makingprocess, and advocate further year [2014], when most foreign comGulf between the two brotherly na- bat forces are due to leave…then, [in tions (i.e. Afghanistan & Pakistan). the wake any bomb attack in AfThis policy technique essentially re- ghanistan, Mr. Karzai would state lates to “fear” of losing personal au- that]…the blasts were aimed at conthority and, consequences of remain- vincing people that the Taliban would ing coalition partner with the US and return if U.S. forces withdrew”. InNATO in the post.2014 scenario. Re- terestingly, the overall manifestation gardless of which of these qualms of Mr. Karzai’s criticism grows out would be materialized, the prospects of “great expectation”, that is, the cur-


rent Afghan government is fully capable of managing the strong anti-US sentiments in Afghanistan, and is also capable of handling the Taliban affair. Clearly, this indicates a fallacy because a transition out of a conflict must come with responsibility; else, the previous US disengagement in the region has just inflicted sufferings and instability on millions of people.

A proactive and positive diplomacy is certainly valid to resolve the issues of terrorist sanctuaries in Afghanistan, thereby a sustainable and broader partnership between the US, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Not to mention the deadly civil war followed the withdrawal of the former Soviet Union and the United States. Against Pakistan, it has virtually become a routine matter for the Afghan officials to accuse Pakistan for any wrong happenings within the Afghan territory. One piece of exampleof Mr. Karzai’s statement is,“that Pakistan can play a key role in the fight against terrorism, which now threatens the security of the entire region… [And] was not taking practical measures for supporting Afghanistan in the search for ways to combat the Taliban…” As is apparent from the above quote that prima-

rily Mr. Karzai seeks to shift his government’s responsibility of establishing peace to the Pakistani side – without acknowledging that Pakistan is the only country, which sacrificed more than 60, 000 precious lives,and no other nation can be ranked in this league. Importantly, the expectations that Pakmilitary and its security forces would fight at every front to culminate the war on terror, is an effort to overshadow Mr. Karzai’s own failures, and acquire tactical advantage before 2014. A number of conclusions can be drawn from above observations and assessment. President Karzai must be doing something right, especially in the larger interest of the great Afghan nation. As such any outgoing leader would seek a legacy in the history; Mr. Karzai’s legacy could be his ability to manage the current strategic crisis between Afghanistan and Pakistan. A proactive and positive diplomacy is certainly valid to resolve the issues of terrorist sanctuaries in Afghanistan, thereby a sustainable and broader partnership between the US, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Finally, there is no justification to generate anti-Pakistan sentiments within among Afghan people, because the personal political objectives too need a professional approach to address the diplomatic issues. In these circumstances, Pakistan’s consistent support to stabilize Afghanistan including hosting ofmillions of refugees for decades should not be ignored. —The author is a Denmark-based national security expert and defence analyst.

Hold dialogue to end war mend their ways which were causing irreparable harm to the but they paid no Asif Haroon Raja democracy heed since power and wealth Email: had intoxicated them. They kept their patron in good humor by continuing to fight the US one can deny that the US and imposed war on terror and in the proits allies apparently mandated cess bleeding the economy as well as to eliminate terrorism in Af- suffering enormous human losses. While the US never got satisfied ghanistan had a different agenda. Under the garb of fighting terrorism, with the sacrifices rendered and kept Pakistan was to be systematically de- pressing it to do more against the milistabilized, weakened, de-nuked, secu- tants, the ruling regime paid no heed larized and turned into a compliant to the sufferings of the people. Unstate. The six intelligence units led due interference of the US in by CIA based in Kabul since end Pakistan’s internal affairs gave cur2001 were instrumental in diverting rency to an impression that Washingflames of terrorism into Pakistan and ton was micro-managing internal and then further fuelling them. In this external affairs of Pakistan at the cost unholy game, RAW was influential of its people and national interests. in organizing a comprehensive ter- Musharraf’s recent admission that he ror structure in Afghanistan. Paki- had authorized use of drones at a limstan has collected ample proofs of ited scale confirmed the widely held involvement of RAW and other in- perception that drones were fired by telligence agencies in Balochistan, CIA with the understanding of our FATA and Swat. Events in 2011 un- government. As a consequence, the earthed existence of CIA network in people lost faith in their leaders and Pakistan. It is also a well-known fact in democracy. They said that they that some political parties and sec- were wrong in saying that ‘even worst tion of media are aligned with USA form of democracy is better than good dictatorship’. and working on its agenda. These and several other factors The liberals in Pakistan were given full chance and ideal conditions helped the extremist forces to build to promote the virtues of Western de- perceptions and play upon the relimocracy and to prove that gious sensitivities of the youth among Westminster model and British judi- the deprived class that see no future cial system in practice are better than for themselves under prevalent cordictatorship and Islamic system. The rupt system. Drone war has further coalition government of PPP-MQM- helped TTP leaders to earn the symANP installed by USA in 2008 ut- pathies and goodwill of the people, terly failed because it made no efforts poison the ears of their followers to strengthen democratic norms. All against the Army and the government their efforts were focused on enrich- and recruit larger numbers of fighting their personal coffers. They were ers. Without the support of the people repeatedly advised and criticized to no terror network can survive for


long. All banned groups have roots in the society and are revered by their followers. Some have re-emerged under different names and some are participating in elections to lend strength to the right wing. Ahl-eSunnat Wal Jamaat is one example. The case in Balochistan is different where several Baloch nationalist groups under the patronage of foreign powers are pursuing secessionist agenda. BLA and BRA whose leaders are in exile and BLF are sabotaging election campaign of all political parties since elections go against their agenda. Only Akhtar Mengal has returned from exile and is taking part in elections but is threatened by Baloch terrorist groups. Under the gloomy circumstances, political parties led by Nawaz Sharif, Imran Khan, Syed Munawar Hussain and Maulana Fazlur Rahman have opened a window of opportunity and given a ray of light. They want to end the futile war and have offered dialogue to the TTP. Imran Khan is in the lead and has shown a way out. He says that if brought to power, he will pullback the Army deployed in FATA, shoot down drones, put an end to war on terror and stop the degrading practice of US slavery. He said that he would prefer death over seeking alms from other countries. His popularity can be judged from the spontaneous outpouring of anxiety after his fall from a lifter at Lahore causing him slight injury and feelings of joy when they learnt that he was well. He may benefit from the sympathy wave. Nawaz Sharif has once again emphasized the need to reconsider Pakistan’s support to the US war on terror and has favored negotiations

with Taliban. JUI-F chief Fazl has repeatedly censured US interference and suggested termination of war by talking to Taliban. JI chief Syed Munawar Hasan lashed out at the liberal parties that they are reaping what they had sowed and suggested that liberals siding with USA should get themselves registered as minorities. He terms MQM as a terrorist party responsible for the destruction of peace in Karachi. These and suchlike statements touched the right chords of the militants and not only they accepted the offer of dialogue but also decided not to target right wing parties during election campaign. Dialogue will help in allaying misperceptions and until misgivings are removed the Taliban will not agree to surrender arms. The TTP too has cracked up and several of its leaders have taken refuge in Kunar and Nuristan. Armed forces and higher judiciary are the only two institutions that stands united and committed to the national cause. However, Army-judiciary relationship is not free of strains because of latter’s activism. War on terror and socio-economic development repel each other. The war must therefore cease to allow the future government to translate its promises of ameliorating the sufferings of the neglected segment of society into actions. Only peaceful environment will attract investments and enable the future reformers to make Pakistan an Islamic welfare state promising peace, harmony, equitable distribution of wealth, equal opportunities for social upward growth and speedy justice to all. —The writer is a retired Brig, defence analyst and a columnist.

Views From Abroad

A beginning for Syria talks David Ignatius


t shouldn’t have been this hard, but Secretary of State John Kerry has finally gotten Russia to back the peace plan on Syria that it endorsed in principle last June. This isn’t a breakthrough, but at least it’s a beginning. What the United States and Russia seem to have realized is that a negotiated transition of power in Syria is better than a fight to the death, which would destabilize the region. That’s a wise judgment, but it’s not clear that it’s shared by either the Alawite clique backing President Bashar al-Assad or the Sunni jihadists who are the backbone of the opposition. The US-Russian formula, as expressed by one American official, is that Assad will step aside “as part of a political process once a transitional governing body is formed.” The United States, in other words, is making Assad’s departure an outcome of the process, rather than a precondition. The Russians, in publicly backing the plan, are in effect pledging that they can deliver people in the Syrian government who would be part of a post-Assad transition. Kerry

described the common goal this way as he was standing next to Sergei Lavrov, his Russian counterpart: “We’ve . . . affirmed our commitment to a negotiated settlement as the essential means of ending the bloodshed.”But what will the United States and Russia do to implement this promise? Will the United States permit Iran to attend the international peace conference, as Russia likely will urge? The official US position is that Iran shouldn’t attend. My guess is that President Obama would bend if he thought an Iranian role would create a more durable settlement of regional tensions. Will the Russians lean hard on both Assad and the Iranians to force them to accept the reality that Assad is finished? “We are not interested in the fate of certain persons,” Lavrov said obliquely Tuesday. Lavrov spoke with Syrian Foreign Minister Walid al-Moualem, a pragmatic figure who might be a transitional player. But it’s doubtful Moualem, or anyone else acceptable to the opposition, could deliver the regime’s hard-liners. This peace plan, like so many others for the Middle East, is a bet that moderates can carry the day. With tragic regularity, this hope has proved to be misplaced. To succeed this time,

the United States and Russia will have to empower some regional or international force that can step between the combatants after the transition begins and minimize the killing. A moderate rebel faction has finally begun to emerge behind Gen. Salim Idriss, the commander of the Supreme Military Council. He’s taking responsible positions — pulling back his forces from reprisal attacks after last week’s massacres of Sunnis in coastal villages. Idriss had also offered to negotiate with the regime, meet with the Russians, protect the Alawite community — and forswear chemical weapons. The challenge for Idriss is to show that he can back these sensible positions with enough military muscle that his moderate forces, not the jihadists, hold the balance of power among the rebels. Idriss’s ability to deliver this command-and-control structure, in turn, depends on a real commitment by Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey to funnel all military assistance to the rebels through Idriss, not the jihadists. Here, American diplomatic pressure will be crucial. To empower Idriss, the United States may expand its training and nonlethal assistance to include supplying weapons — even as its real

hopes remain with a negotiated peace deal backed by Russia. For Russia, the Syrian endgame offers a test of President Vladimir Putin’s sincerity, and of his clout. He regally left the details to Lavrov Tuesday, after keeping Kerry waiting three hours. This lese-majeste may impress Russians, but it won’t get the job done on Syria. If Putin has finally come to understand that Russia would potentially suffer most from the dissolution of the 1916 Sykes-Picot boundaries in the Middle East, then he will have to put his personal political energy behind the deal, rather than making a handoff to Lavrov. The extremists also get a vote in this process, unfortunately. Hardliners within Assad’s camp could step up their use of chemical weapons, hoping to set off a regional bonfire. Sunni jihadists could slaughter Alawites, in revenge for past attacks but also to torpedo a peace deal. Hezbollah and Iran could decide that their interests would be so harmed by Assad’s removal that they would rather torch Syria and take their chances. And Israel could continue its recent attacks, drawing Arab reprisals. — Courtesy: The Washington Post

Start monitoring the rulers SARFARAZ SAMAD


group of Egyptian youth launched a website called ‘Morsi Meter’ to monitor the performance of Egypt’s new president to ensure he does not renege on promises made during his election campaign. “This is an attempt to document and monitor the performance of Egypt’s president-elect Mohammed Morsi against the pledges he made in his election program for the first 100 days,” says the website’s introduction. Much like the Obameter from, which tracks U.S. President Barack Obama’s promises, the Morsi Meter lists numerous promises Morsi allegedly made while campaigning for the presidency, including offering incentives and promotions for police who restore security in their areas, new penalties for smuggling fuel, and changes on the streets to improve traffic. This provides a check and balance for the elected President. Certainly in this era of technological advancement, growth of social media makes this idea worth trying. 11th of May will be a milestone in the history of Pakistan politics. The political ground will be opened for the elected representative and most of them will be given the chance to fulfill their promise which they made during the election campaign but the time does matter for Pakistani people, they already waited too much and now everything should be scheduled because the people can’t delay these promises which need to be fulfilled. Pakistani people have the power. Therefore, they need to track what these representatives are doing. At the end of the day, they are employee serving the state, one whom they can hold to account. So I suggest a countdown meter like Morsi meter should be used to make these upcoming representatives accountable to the masses. I will be starting my Morsi meter on 11th may and you? —Karachi

Education in Pakistan SHIREEN FATIMA The recent cases of fake degrees and certificates raises questions not only about the politicians but also the Higher Education system in Pakistan itself. Since education is considered one of the prior qualities to judge a man for a particular job, it is of extreme significance that we nurture our youth in a way to make education as essential as food for ones survival. However the recent development in Pakistan in this regard seems to speak other wise. In the last five years there has been negligible service to universities, colleges or schools in the government or private sector from the state. In addition to this the few reputed universities who do provide standard education have increased their tuition fees to such levels that they have become only a dream for the under privileged. As a result talent is constantly being suppressed under financial constraints and basic survival in these hard times. There is dire need for the new upcoming government to reserve funds and duly concentrate on the development of secondary and higher education. We can only hope that the new government stresses on giving incentives and encourages the upcoming generation on playing their part in the revolution by redefining and improving our education system. For this effort is the only thing that can stand as a silver lining in the dark clouds of misery , discontent , terrorism and dilemmas that surround our country —Via email

Consequences of Sarabjit ALI HANI Indian death row spy Sarabjit Singh succumbed to his injuries after being comatose in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of Lahore’s Jinnah Hospital for nearly a week following a brutal assault by other inmates in Kot Lakhpat Jail, Lahore. Now we can only speculate what will be the consequences of his death. Will this going to affect the ongoing peace talks between the two nations? How Indian government will react to this and more overly how Indian media sensationalises the nation on this particular issue? Muslims living in India will have to pay the price for it and Pakistani prisoners in Tihar jail will remain under threat of retaliatory attacks in the wake of brutal assault on Indian death row prisoner. —Karachi

Turning Torso — twisted building SAAD UDDIN KHAN I would to like to light a building “Turning Torso” situated in Malmo, Sweden. It is also known as HSB Turning Torso, and is the highest building in Sweden. The building is also the third highest residential building in Europe. The project was designed by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava and open on 27 August 2005.Turning Torso houses top quality apartments, offices and conference rooms. The tower reaches a height of 190 metres (623 feet) with 54 storeys-147 apartments. The idea of the building is very unique. It is made up of 9 cubes of white marble tied together by a spine; each of them has 5 stories. All these cubes are stacked one above the other and keep twisting from bottom to top. They are twisted as much as 90 degree from top to bottom. On 18 August 2006, Austrian skydiver Felix Baumgartner parachuted onto the Turning Torso, and then jumped off it. Emporis. com, the largest internet website in the world for skyscrapers, has re-

warded HSB Turning Torso to the winner of 2005 as”Emporis Skyscraper Award” for “The best new skyscraper”. Since 2009 the owner HSB has decided to let the public visit floor 53rd and 54th only on special scheduled days and pre-booking is required. The 53rd and 54th floor, with magnificent 360-degree views, will have conference facilities driven by HSB Malmo under the name of “Torso Meeting.” Currently there are two buildings under-construction that are being constructed as a twisted building. Infinity Tower of Dubai to be completed in October 2013 while Chicago Spire (owned by Calatrava) in Chicago is expected to complete in 2014. —Karachi

Fake medicines in Pakistan

is increasing. It is difficult to reach at required place on time in big cities. This is by no means a good situation. We need to develop our traffic system according to the international standard because in coming times the traffic is going to increase in big cities with the increase in number of vehicles . so Integrated traffic system is required for big cities to keep the traffic flowing. This is a basic problem which should be addressed on top priority. It is our national duty to respect the traffic laws. We should care about others on road. We need to understand our responsibilities on the roads as this is going to benefit us and our country. —Sargodha

Widen E-1, D-12 link road AHSEN MASOOD

RAMSHA SHAKEEL A latest World Health Organization (WHO) report has revealed that around 30-40% medicines are fake on Pakistani Medical Stores. The report said that almost all types of Forged Drugs are selling all over Pakistan. WHO Report also ranks Pakistan 13th among those countries who produce fake medicines. These fake medicines are available for cure of flu to cancer. Pakistani public use almost 77% of health budget on purchase of medicines. Sale of these fake medicines is spreading multiple Diseases in our country. Almost 33 people have died in recent past due to a cough syrup. Though Government banned Tyno Syrup in the Punjab, a large amount of these false medicines are being produced in Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi and Multan. Research shows that there either these fake medicines couldn’t improve health or they harm patients. It is requested the authorities concerned to take the action against this life taking criminal act. —Karachi

KU lacks proper streetlights RAMSHA SHAKEEL I would like to draw the attention of the authorities concerned to the lack of streetlights in Karachi University. As students of the evening batch go from one department to another to attend their classes, the absence of lights is annoying. There is no light, so Girls feel hesitation to pass from there due to the darkness. At some places there are streetlights but they are not switched on by the concerned person. In the evening, the university lacks like a haunted place without proper streetlights. The authorities concerned should make arrangements for proper lighting. —Karachi

Traffic Laws our need MALIK M USMAN ALI In the civilized world traffic rules are strictly followed. It is a norm in countries like USA, UK , Middle East and Malyasia that roads are regarded as the areas of highest importance in context of safety and regulation . Traffic laws are same for every one . There is rare occuring of incident of violation of traffic rules.No one can imagine to break the traffic rules. Moreover traffic as well as highways management is also given priority. Like in Malyasia there is an integrated traffic system which is used to monitor accidents , construction and flow of traffic on the roads. One of the main features of this sytem is the instant availability of information about traffic condition which helps to reduce traffic pressure in main city.This is a unique traffic management system which is working in Kuala lumpur and kalang valley in Malyasia. In Pakistan situation is widely different. Road safety and traffic laws are badly ignored. The traffic rush, mainly because of mismanagement,

The residents of Islamabad Sectors D-12 and E-11 are facing great difficulty in commuting from their houses to their work places and back because presently both these sectors are connected to the rest of the city via a narrow strip that zigzags from the Margalla Road to E11 and D-12. Not only the link road is narrow, it has a number of potholes, humps and sharp curves, which block traffic resulting in unnecessary traffic jams and, sometimes, even accidents. The authorities are requested to construct a proper wide road, with a median, to cater to the increasing traffic on this sole link that connects sectors D-12 and E-11 to the rest of the metropolis. —Islamabad

Artificial load-shedding SIBTAIN ALI One core issue of Karachi is the lack of electricity, which is mostly an artificial crisis increasing the problems of the citizens and frustrating them. Karachi being an economic hub with thousands of industries and factories, traders and businessmen all over the city is suffering due to the lack of electricity as load shedding is being done during working hours due to which the economy is getting down rapidly. Persons responsible for the artificial load shedding should know that Karachi is earning 68% of the total revenue of Pakistan. Enmity with Karachi is enmity with Pakistan and its economy. Not only traders and businessmen are suffering but citizens from all walks of life are suffering due to artificial load shedding especially students. Nowadays there are examinations of all boards underway including Intermediate, Post and Pre Graduate and students are suffering from long lasting load shedding and their studies and examination preparations are suffering greatly. Besides all these prominent problems due to load shedding there are many domestic problems occurring which are becoming the cause of mental torture for citizens which is increasing the frustration among the citizens. In this extremely hot weather, lack of electricity is increasing. The lack of water supply in domestic and industrial areas is, further increasing the problems of city and citizens. The related officials are being silent and careless, with regards to the artificial crisis. It is a clear indication that this artificial crisis has some reason and might be a part of political feud from which citizens are suffering. —Karachi

READERS are requested to type their letters legibly with double spacing and only on one side of the paper.


Army presence From Page 1 engaged in operation has been removed as the civil armed force Frontier Corps are engaged in the maintenance of law and order on the instruction of provincial government. The people in Balochistan heaved a sigh of relief following determination of the government in its efforts to ensure peace during elections. The election material has been provided to all the election booths. It is significant to note that all political parties in this province are taking active parts in the election due to the perfect arrangements that have been made by the law enforcement agencies for the maintenance of peace. Special instructions have been issued to deal with the trouble makers with iron hands. The candidates have complete faith in the caretaker Balochistan government headed by Nawab Ghaus Bakhsh Barozai who has spared no efforts to remain neutral and impartial for transparent elections.

Apprehensions From Page 1 He said the SMS service launched to get information about vote number and location of polling station has evoked huge response which shows the level of interest shown by people for elections. The Minister said this indicates that the turn out this time would be higher than last elections. Mr. Arif Nizami said Pakistan was achieved through ballot and this democratic right is guarantee for survival of the country. Speaking on the occasion‚ Chairman NADRA Tariq Malik said that fingerprint matching will be performed at the complaint cell to assist Election Commission and Election Tribunals. He said that this information will enable Election Tribunals to make informed decisions based on concrete evidence in a timely fashion. He said that 117 million voters have so far checked their vote registration information through SMS 8300 service.—Online

Political leaders From Page 1 ward incident and the advisory warning of Home Department should be taken seriously and no irresponsibility be displayed to their security. In view of the advisory warning issued to political leaders, the responsibility of any untoward incident will also rest on them if they choose to ignore, it further said. Meanwhile, Caretaker Chief Minister Najam Sethi has contacted President PML-N Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, Chairman PTI Imran Khan and head of Pakistan Awami Tehrik Tahirul Qadri on telephone in this regard. The Chief Minister has appealed the political leaders to avoid taking out rallies, processions, holding public meetings and sit-ins in the larger national interest.

LDA plaza fire From Page 1 Professor of Civil Engineering at University of Engineering & Technology Lahore Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ilyas and Professor of Structural Engineering at the same university Prof. Dr. Zahid Ahmad Siddique have been nominated as members of the inquiry committee. Convener Inquiry Committee, Abid Javed has said that any eyewitness or citizen having any information about the incident can appear before the inquiry committee on Sunday, May 12, from 9:00am to 3:00pm at the office of Communication and Works Department, Old Anarkali for recording his statement. Punjab government has announced financial assistance of Rs 500,000 for the family of each deceased person while the injured are also being given financial assistance.

Nations agree to new chemical ban, export controls GENEVA—A summit on chemicals and hazardous wastes ended Friday with an agreement to globally phase out a widely used flame retardant and to accept stricter requirements for disclosing information about exports of four other chemicals. But participants fell short in their efforts to require more information and consent among nations trading in a construction material, Chrysotile asbestos, and a formulation of the powerful herbicide, Paraquat, despite support from most of the 169 nations represented at the two-week U.N. summit. Officials in charge of

three key international treaties said delegates agreed by consensus to a gradual phase out of the flame retardant hexabromocyclododecane, or HBCD, which is used in building insulation, furniture, vehicles and electronics. The phase out would begin a little more than a year from now, but there also would be specific exemptions for five years on some construction uses in buildings. The chemical will be added to the Stockholm Convention, which now regulates 22 toxic substances such as DDT and PCBs. The treaty takes aim at

From Page 1 discovered a company used for manufacturing IEDs. The FC also recovered different types of arms including LMG, 7 rockets, four RPG 7 fuses, 9 hand grenades and 4 grenade fuses besides other explosive material, the spokesperson added. Spokesman further said it was planned to use the explosiveladen vehicle for sabotaging the poll process and terrorism in the province. FC’s timely action foiled major terror bid in Quetta.

chemicals that can travel long distances in the environment and don’t break down easily. Delegates also agreed to tougher controls on disclosure of information about exports of an insecticide, Azinphos-methyl; two flame retardants, PentaBDE and OctaBDE; and a fabric protector, PFOS. But efforts to include two other substances — Chrysotile asbestos and Paraquat — were blocked by a few nations. Those actions fell under the Rotterdam Convention, which From Page 1 regulates information about the “The Armed Forces are export and import of 43 hazardcommitted to celebrating relious chemicals.—AP gious freedom. Summarising the trip Wg Cdr Ahmed said: “Overall the trip was a great success for the British Armed Forces. We are the first non-Muslim country to district level are fully functional. enter this contest. He said that the ban on carrying mobile phones into polling stations will be strictly enforced and From Page 1 necessary instructions have been issued to the concerned authori- tailed its ability to campaign in ties in this regard. He said that public. special security measures have Babar confirmed to AFP that been adopted at sensitive polling Bilawal had been denied permisstations. sion for a postal ballot but did He said that intelligence not give an explanation. sharing system between differZardari’s two daughters, ent departments is being made Aseefa and Bakhtawar, also cast more effective. He said that nec- their votes by post, the spokesessary arrangements have also man said, providing no further been made for facilitating the information. The precise whererepresentatives of national and abouts of the family has not been international media in the cov- announced. erage of elections at divisional and district levels. Provincial Home Secretary and IG Police From Page 1 gave a briefing on law and order situation in the province and supporters during the electoral security arrangements. campaign in Pakistan. We likewise condemn recent statements by militant groups indicating their intent to disrupt Pakistan’s democratic process”, he said. “We support the right of the Pakistani people to participate people in the election of their representatives and their ability to to support military research, de- fulfill their aspirations for a peaceful, prosperous and democratic velopment, and acquisition.” In 2012, China conducted 18 nation”, he concluded.—Online space launches to expand its intelligence and surveillance satellites. From Page 1 At the same time, China is working quickly to “improve its As a result of blast two percapabilities to limit or prevent the sons were killed on the spot while use of space-based assets by ad- several others sustained wounds. versaries during times of crisis or The injured people were rushed conflict,” according to the report. to Civil Hospital. Indeed, “PLA writings emMeanwhile, several persons phasize the necessity of ‘destroy- were injured as attacks and bomb ing, damaging, and interfering blasts targeting the election ofwith the enemy’s reconnaissance fices and candidates across the ... and communications satel- country, especially in Khyber lites,’ ” the DOD report notes, Pakhtunkhawa (KP) continued adding that such attacks would on Friday, a day before the pollserve to “blind and deafen the ing on Saturday. enemy.” Unknown miscreants tarThe same PLA analysis also geted election offices and candipoints out that “destroying or dates in Quetta, Panjgur, Gwadar, capturing satellites and other sen- Hangu and Peshawar leaving sors ... will deprive an opponent several people injured but no cauof initiative on the battlefield and sality was reported. ANP election [make it difficult] for them to office was targeted in the wee bring their precision-guided hourson firing , as a blast ocweapons into full play.” curred nearby at Faqir Chowk of China is developing special- Peshawar, injuring one. ized, precision anti-ship ballistic Quetta local transporter’s missiles that are capable of hit- house at Kali Chiltan was atting US aircraft carriers from a tacked by rocket, while high range of about 600 to 1,800 school, girls’ school and primary miles, according to the report. school in Panjgur were attacked “This is something that by hand grenade where polling China has invested in, and we’re stations were set. Besides, a blast watching very carefully as it’s occurred near the house of BNP developing that program,” Awami candidate, Asadullah Helvey said. Baloch at Tasap in Panjgur. These weapons could potenA bomb blast rocked tially affect the US aircraft-car- Shambay Ismail area of rier presence in the region.—AP Gawadar, while an explosion occurred outside the house of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUI) leader, Ziaul Islam at Seengar, damaging windows, doors of the house—Online/INP the Environment at London School of Economics and Political Science. “The Earth has not experienced this level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere for about three million years, when global average temperature was two to three centigrade degrees higher than pre-industrial levels,

British soldiers

‘Comprehensive plan for fair polls’ SALIM AHMED LAHORE—Punjab Chief Minister Najam Sethi has said that a comprehensive security plan is being implemented for ensuring free, fair, transparent and peaceful elections in the province while effective security arrangements have been made at every polling station. He was presiding over a high level meeting at Chief Minister’s Secretariat. Provincial Ministers, Chief Secretary, Home Secretary, Inspector General Police Punjab, Additional IGs and concerned officers were present. The meeting reviewed law and order situation and security arrangements for general elections. He said that necessary arrangements have also been made for transportation of the ballot

papers from polling stations back to the District Returning Officers. He said that all necessary measures are being taken for further improving security arrangements throughout the province so that voters could exercise their right of franchise in a peaceful manner. Addressing the meeting, Najam Sethi said that in view of the national and international situation, security arrangements have been further tightened in the province and caretaker government is strictly implementing the security plan evolved for meeting the challenge of conducting peaceful and transparent elections. He said that necessary measures have been taken across the province to ensure transparent and peaceful elections while control rooms at divisional and

Zardari votes

US wants

Pentagon worried over China military might WASHINGTON—China continues to increase spending to grow its already considerable military, and top Pentagon officials continue to watch the developments carefully.In a report issued this week, the Department of Defense for the first time directly accused China’s military of using cyberattacks to spy on US networks.In this arena and others, “China’s military buildup shows no signs of slowing,” said David Helvey, deputy assistant secretary of Defense for East Asia, who presented the congressionally mandated report on the state of China’s military activities.Here are Pentagon officials’ top four concerns as they carefully monitor the growth of China’s military. Pakistani fertilizer grows both Taliban bombs and Afghan crops Tunisian national is accused of seeking US visa to plot terror Glint of a Mideast peace as Turkey-Kurd pact plays out Cleveland’s Charles Ramsey: hero, or black stereotype? China continues to increase spending to grow its already considerable military, and top Pentagon officials continue to watch the developments carefully. In a report issued this week, the Department of Defense for the first time directly accused China’s military of using cyberattacks to spy on US networks. In this arena and others, “China’s military buildup shows

no signs of slowing,” said David Helvey, deputy assistant secretary of Defense for East Asia, who presented the congressionally mandated report on the state of China’s military activities. Here are Pentagon officials’ top four concerns as they carefully monitor the growth of China’s military. China has long been accused of engaging in cyber attacks and espionage on US networks, but for the first time the US military directly attributed some of those attacks to its counterparts in China, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). “In 2012, numerous computer systems around the world, including those owned by the United States government, continued to be targeted for intrusions, some of which appear to be attributable directly to the [Chinese] government and military organizations,” Mr. Helvey said during a Pentagon briefing this week. The report points to cyberespionage, along with other activities – with the aim of bolstering China’s military advantages: “China continues to leverage foreign investments, commercial joint ventures, academic exchanges, the experience of repatriated Chinese students and researchers, and state-sponsored industrial and technical espionage to increase the level of technologies and expertise available

3 security

CO2 in atmosphere hits historic high WASHINGTON—The level of considered “preliminary,” pendcarbon dioxide in the atmosphere has broken above 400 parts per million for the first time in human history, US monitors announced Friday, indicating that climate change has reached a new high. The data showing that the average C02 was 400.03 as of

ing quality control and recalibration checks, NOAA said. A separate monitor at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in San Diego, California has not yet returned the same reading, with its latest data on May 9 showing that atmospheric

PTA withdraws suspension of cellular services on polling day STAFF REPORTER

KARACHI—The Pakistan Tele-

SC issues From Page 1 23, 1993 was in violation of the country’s laws. It said that the agreement was in negation to the Mineral Development Act, Mining Concession Rules and the Contract Act. The verdict added that the agreement reached on March 4, 2000 was also illegal.

India declines From Page 1 the annual Urs of Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti. The Government of India has recommended to the Government of Pakistan that the visit of the Zaireen to Ajmer Sharif this year may therefore be called off.—Online

FC unearths IED

May 9 was posted online by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s monitoring center in Mauna Loa, Hawaii. The air measurements represent conditions over the Pacific Ocean, and the data is still

carbon dioxide was at 399.73 parts per million. The Earth has not seen these levels of C02 in millions of years, according to Bob Ward, policy and communications director at the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and

the polar ice caps were much smaller and global sea level was about 20 meters (yards) higher than today,” Ward said. “We are creating a prehistoric climate in which human societies will face huge and potentially catastrophic risks.” —AFP

communication Authority (PTA) has withdrawn a notice issued earlier to suspend mobile phone services across the Sindh province for polling day on May 11. In a bid to thwart any terrorist plans of sabotaging the peaceful polling process, the Sindh government earlier on Friday evening issued a notice to suspend cellular phone services across the province including the capital Karachi in the wake of historic May 11 elections. The PTA was directed to “gradually” suspend mobile phone services in Sindh including Karachi, the financial and economical hub of Pakistan. The gradual suspending of the services was to start from Friday evening and expected till end of polling process at 5 pm on Saturday.Cellular phone services have also been suspended in the past as a precautionary security measure.

Nation to stamp on its fate From Page 1 1,117 as sensitive while in Federal Capital the number of highly sensitive polling stations 18 out oftotal 550. Seven security personnel shall be deployed at highly sensitive, five at sensitive and four security personnel shall be deployed at normal polling stations. Computerized National Identity Cards will be mandatory to cast votesalthough the Commission has also allowed those to cast vote whose CNICs areexpired. Tough contest is foreseen in the biggest province Punjab where all thethree major parties Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaaf (PTI) and Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians (PPPP) havefielded their candidates on most of National and Provincial Assembly seats. The analysts have predicted lead for PTI in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, for PPPP inSindh province and for PML-N in Punjab province. As seen in the past, it

is the Punjab province that sets the mood for elections and also makes the parties win which are favored by 49,259,334 registered voters in the province. The province has 148 National Assembly seatsout of total 272 where general contest is held and winner from this province usually forms the government. The situation for Punjab based PML-N has been favorable until PTI hadlaunched its campaign with full might. After Imran Khan took a stormy tour of the province, his party emerged as main contestant of PML-N in the province pushingthe PPPP to number three. Since 1988, it is for the first time that PPPP will apparently be running third in the province, though it will be leading in Sindh by securing majority of National and Provincial Assembly seats.Imran’s campaign reached culmination under the slogan of a “New Pakistan,”PML-N Chief Nawaz Sharif ensured of “Revival of

Economy and Power Sector” while PPPP once again banked upon its martyrs to get the sympathy vote. May 10 has been declared as last date for getting information on designated number 8300 about polling station and other help required for casting vote. The process has reached culmination though dozens of Pakistanis lost their lives in a series of attacks against democratic forces in the country. The nation remained undeterred and no party ever talked of postponing election, no matterwhatever the sacrifices of their workers. Elections and strong democracy is theirdestination and it is not too far now. May 11 will dawn with new hopes and commitment for Pakistani nation toemancipate it from cruel clutches of terrorism, economic recession, energy crisis, price hike and unemployment and put the country back on rail on winrespectable place for Pakistan among comity of nations.

Women barred from voting From Page 1 agreed that neither they would bar women of voting nor force them to vote. The political leaders had promised to extend full cooperation to ECP in that regard. The JI, JUI-F, ANP and PML-N had made necessary arrangements to ensure women voting in Dir Lower. Social activists Akbar Khan, Ibrash Pasha and Amir Zad Gul while talking to local journalists here on Friday said that all political parties including the liberal ones did not want to ensure women voting. They said there had been rumours about a secret deal among different political parties not to bring women out to vote. They demanded of the ECP and local administration to enquire into the matter and take legal actions against the candidates found in such deals. Agencies add: Meanwhile, in Mianwali women are barred to cast vote in the national assembly constituency NA-71 of Mianwali as the locals of the area have announced that women cannot use this right. Mianwali is the home town of Pakistan Tehrik e Insaf (PTI) chairman Imran Khan.

According to reports, such announcements were made public through Mosques of the locality. The particular incident has a historic reason as 60 years back chief Ataullah Khan Pai Khel and Chief Sher Ali Khan Pai Khel passed a local law in a jirga that women would never be allowed to cast vote in elections. For past 6 decades the women of Pai Khel have been deprived of their basic right. Meanwhile, a Khyber Pakhtunkhwa minister has confirmed the report that women would not be allowed to vote in parts of the province under the tacit approval of PPP, ANP, JUIF, PML-N and JI. “Yes I can confirm this agreement has taken place in Lower Dir, have reports of similar agreement from some other areas, but I am sure about Dir agreement and I had already communicated it to the Election Commission as well,” Information Minister KP Musarrat Qadeem said. To a query that the candidates are denying it, she said, “They would never accept but it has happened and they had also

called me personally to deny it, but the truth is the thing did happen and action must be taken against it.” The minister said the KP government is vigilant and would be focused on the job of ensuring free environment to women voters to vote. Leaders of the Pakistan Muslim League – Nawaz (PML-N), a frontrunner in the general election, and the Jamaat-i-Islami (JI) entered into an informal agreement in Buner district, agreeing to bar women from casting their votes in the provincial assembly’s PK-78 constituency. Chairman of the Insaf Committee Sorey Union Council in Buner district, Sardar Muhammad, told media that the PML-N’s Abdul Hameed and JI’s Afzal Hussain have mutually agreed to bar women from voting at the Topi Polling Station in Sorey Union Council of PK-78 Buner. The PML-N’s Sar Zamin Khan, Jamaat-i-Islami’s Habibur Rehman and Awami National Party’s Qaiser Wali are gong to have tough fight in the upcoming polls.

Iran recalls ambassador from Cyprus From Page 1 U.S. extradition request under international law, the ministry said in a statement. Foreign Ministry Permanent Secretary Andreas Mavroyiannis told The Associated Press that Iran was displeased with the extradition but that Mohabat had received due process under the law. Government spokesman Christos Stylianides told state broadcaster CyBC that Cyprus hopes the issue will not strain its relations with Iran. A Justice Ministry official said Mohabat, 45, is accused of trying to ship “military spare parts” to Iran in violation of U.N. sanctions imposed regard-

ing Tehran’s nuclear program. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because she is not authorized to speak to the media. The U.S., Israel and many Western nations fear Iran’s nuclear program is aimed at producing atomic weapons. Iran denies this, insisting that the program is designed for peaceful purposes. In 2009, Cyprus seized about 85 containers of gunpowder and some nitroglycerine from a Cypriot-flagged ship suspected of transporting it from Iran to Palestinian militants in Gaza via Syria. The United Nations ruled that the ship had

Suicide bombers launch attacks in 2 Mali towns BAMAKO—Five suicide bomb- clear how many jihadists were ers carried out two simultaneous attacks on soldiers in Mali on Friday in another indication of the growing coordination of operations by militants against African and French forces. The attacks only killed the bombers and wounded two Malian soldiers, but they highlighted the continued threat posed by the al-Qaida-linked militants, four months after France launched an offensive to oust them from urban centers in this West African nation. Four men entered the northern Malian town of Gossi at around 4:30 a.m. Friday, according to local official Sidi Ben Hamou. Three blew themselves up at a military checkpoint, wounding two Malian soldiers. “People thought it was water in the bottles, but it was the explosives that were inside,” Ben Hamou said. The fourth suicide bomber attempted to reach a Malian military camp in the town but was shot and killed by soldiers before he could do so, said Hamou. Meanwhile, another attacker in a vehicle laden with explosive tried to enter a military camp in the town of Menaka, authorities said. “A car bomber tried to enter a military camp where there were soldiers from Niger in Menaka early this morning and was neutralized,” said Lt. Col. Souleymane Maiga, a spokesman for the Malian military. It was not

inside the vehicle, but there were no casualties among the Nigerien soldiers. In Paris, French President Francois Hollande and visiting Niger President Mahamadou Issoufou portrayed the French-led intervention as a military victory. The French, helped by troops from neighboring African countries including Niger, launched a military operation to take back the north of Mali on Jan. 11. “I’ve always said that there are still armed groups in Mali,” Hollande told reporters. He reiterated that for this reason 1,000 French soldiers will remain until the end of the year “who can in any event intervene if ... there were terrorist actions.” The initial offensive led by the French succeeded in freeing the major towns in the north from the grips of the extremists, who occupied a France-sized territory a year ago, imposing Shariah law and opening terrorist training camps. However, the northern provincial capital of Kidal was quickly retaken by a Tuareg rebel group, known as the National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad. The jihadists fled into the surrounding desert and there have been repeated suicide attacks, including at least four in Gao, and two each in Timbuktu and Kidal. The Niger president cited the attempted suicide attack Friday morning at the Niger camp in Menaka that was defeated “in time.”—AP

breached a ban on Iranian arms exports. The containers were left piled in a field inside a naval base for 2 ½ years until July 11, 2011, when they exploded, killing 13 people and nearly destroying the country’s largest power station. A public inquiry concluded that Cyprus’ government had allowed the matter to linger as it tried to decide what to do with the shipment without upsetting Syria or Iran. The inquiry said then-President Dimitris Christofias was primarily responsible for “inadequacy, negligence and carelessness” that led to the blast.—Agencies

Officials From Page 1 tions and that 22000 additional army personnel would be deployed in the Khyber Pukhtunkhwa and FATA to get the job done, the Presiding Officers were seen transporting the ballot papers, Ballot boxes and other relevant material in auto Rickshaws to the polling stations what to say of providing them security and vehicles for transportation of the material. This scribe saw in Qayyum Stadium a number of presiding officers including grade 18 to 19 holding paper ballot bags on their heads cursing the election duty. Likewise in Qayyum Stadium where thousands of Presiding officers and their subordinates gathered to collect the poling material, hardly a member of the election commission of DRO was seen to guide them or facilitate the staff in collection of the material. As the poling staff including female presiding officers and their juniors had to stay under open sky in scorching heat for long hours, half a dozen females fell unconscious with some of them told Pakistan Observer amid tears they don’t know the crime they were punished for today. A female on a family way was also seen among the polling staff. Likewise tens of thousands of polling staff are sure to remain deprived of their right to vote as they have not been provided with the facility of postal ballot. While the postal ballot facility had to be asked for in the month of April, majority of the poling staff was intimated about their duties in the first week of May 2013.

New constitution to help achieve dimensions in cricket: Zaka SPORTS REPORTER L AHORE —Chairman, Pakistan Cricket Board, Muhammad Zaka Ashraf said on Thursday that the new constitution under which he has been elected the Chairman will help in achieving new dimensions in Pakistan cricket besides ensuring balance of power in the board and its affairs. “After becoming the first elected Chairman of the Board, I am under heavy load of heavy responsibility to play my due role in a more effective way for giving new dimensions to Pakistan cricket”, he told newsmen at a press conference here on Friday at Gadaffi stadium. There were also present chief operating officer, PCB Subhan Ahmed, Director General, Javed Miandad, legal adviser, Tafazzal Razvi and Director game development, Intikhab Alam. Chairman PCB said bigger responsibilities are ahead and there are new challenges relating to the further uplift of the game including bring-

Nishikori through to Q-Final on Federer’s expensive MADRID—Defending champion Roger Federer was dumped out of the Madrid Masters by world number 14 Kei Nishikori as the Japanese came through 6-4, 1-6, 6-3 in their third round clash. Second seed Federer, who had just returned to the tour after a two-month break, joins world number one Novak Djokovic in being eliminated early in the Spanish capital and his lack of match practice showed. One break was enough for Nishikori to take the opening set 6-4, but Federer roared back in the second to take it 6-1. However, with the momentum seeming to be with the 17-time Grand Slam champion, it was Nishikori who edged ahead when he broke to move 3-1 in the third. And after comfortably holding serve in his next two service games, the 23-yearold broke again to seal a first career win over Federer.”He was my idol actually, so to beat him, that was one of my goals for my tennis career,” Nishikori told a press conference. “That it happens on clay is amazing because, you know, it’s not really my favourite surface.”I feel good, of course. I wasn’t really expecting this, it is not easy, 6-2 in the third, that’s not easy against him.” Three-time champion Federer, who beat Nishikori in straight sets in their only other previous clash in Basel in 2011, admitted Nishikori was a deserving winner. “I’m disappointed with my match. Today Nishikori played better and the best man won,” said Federer.—AFP

ing back international cricket to Pakistan which is a though task but not impossible . He patiently answered a volley of questions regarding challenging his election in the court of law under the new constitution saying “let the court decide it as it is not that big issue “. Throwing light on his election, he briefly elaborated the clauses and paras of the PCB constitution which was in line with the constitution of games ruling body, the international cricket council. “ICC has congratulated PCB for adopting a new constitution which is approved by the ICC we are very delighted and satisfied that with the approval of this constitution we have avoided ICCs possible action against the PCB”. He said people who are related to the game should acknowledge PCB’s efforts for framing a new constitution and then its approval by the Government of Pakistan and well as by the ICC. “It is a new beginning in

our cricket as the new constitution defines the role and powers of every one, even its Patron who according to the constitution can not take decision without it (consitution)”, he said. Tafazzal Rizvi helped the Chairman in explaining certain clauses and paras of the constitution when asked about various technical aspects including powers of the patron, no confidence against the Chairman and the terms a chairman can contest . “There is no provision of no confidence in the constitution against the Chairman and there is no bar on him for contesting elections for a specific number of terms but the Patron of the PCB can remove him as per the laid down criteria in the constitution and he (patron) just cannot appoint directly any one as the chairman of the board and his election must take place by the Board of Governors “,said the legal advisor. Chairman PCB dismissed objections on his election saying he was elected

through “representatives process” and all constitutional formalities were fulfilled in this regard. He said the new constitutions represents all the stake holders and in the Board of governor all the regional bodies will be given representation through the process of rotation under which a representative can be a member for a term of one year. “This process will ensure that all the stake holders both from regional bodies and the departments get equal chance in the board of governors. To a question he said the criticism by some former chairmen of the PCB regarding his election is their own point of view but they should realize that Pakistan has finally been able to frame a constitution which is ICC approved. “With the passage of time we will see that this constitution is helping us in achieving progress as far development of circlet is concerned with defined roles and responsibilities for every one related to PCB”.

LAHORE: Chairman Pakistan Crikcet Board Muhammad Zaka Ashraf addressing a press conference.

Boat accident kills British Olympian S AN F RANCISCO —Tributes poured in for Olympic medalwinning Briton Andrew “Bart” Simpson, who died when a Swedish catamaran capsized Thursday while

Kirsten to step down as South Africa coach JOHANNESBURG—Gary Kirsten will not renew his contract as South Africa coach when it expires at the end of July, the national cricket body said Friday. Kirsten, who guided hosts India to the 2011 ICC World Cup title, signed a two-year contract with the Proteas the same year, and had the option of a two-year renewal. However, the Cape Town-born coach told Cricket South Africa (CSA) officials he would quit his post at the end of July having established the Proteas as the top-ranked cricket Test nation. “Gary has a young family and it is understandable that he wishes to spend more time at home,” CSA president and board chairman Chris Nenzani said in a statement. “It is obvious to all of us — whether we have been close to the Proteas or simply fans watching from the stands — the standard of excellence he has brought to our national team.” Kirsten thanked CSA for giving him the responsibility

of growing the team and for allowing him the flexibility to combine his coaching role with his family life. “There have been many highlights over the past two years which have been well documented and I have every confidence that the Proteas will continue to go from strength to strength.” Kirsten will lead South Africa at the ICC Champions

Trophy during June in England and Wales, where the AB de Villiers-skippered side hope to ditch the long-held tag of ‘chokers’ after numerous tournament flops. “It will be wonderful if Gary can complete his tenure by bringing home the Champions Trophy next month,” said Nenzani of the one-day international event staged every four years between World Cup tournaments. South Africa lost only two of 19 Tests under Kirsten, who led them to series victories against Sri Lanka, New Zealand, England, arch-rivals Australia, and Pakistan. The 45-year-old former Test opening batsman was less successful with the limited-over teams, winning 13 of 24 one-day internationals and nine of 18 Twenty20 matches. South Africa are away to Sri Lanka during July and August and Pakistan during November before hosting India — who draw the biggest crowds among teams touring the republic — and Australia next season.—AFP

Boxing: Ioka retains WBA light flyweight title by KO OSAKA (Japan)—Japan’s un- the number two WBA con- cember.

“I knew my punches had much impact on Wisanu but he remained thoroughly defensive. He was such a skilful boxer and made me work hard,” he said. Ioka stepped up to the 48.9kg division in June last year after winning the minimumweight crown jointly sanctioned by the WBA and the World Boxing Council. He stretched his professional record to 12 wins, eight of them by knockout. Four of his world title bouts ended inside the distance. It was 29year-old veteran Wisanu’s ninth defeat against 43 wins, 11 of them by knockout, and two draws. He had never challenged for a world title before. “I am aiming for a lot of other things, including winning multiple world titles,” Ioka told a cheering crowd. “I want to become a legendary boxer and I want you to continue supporting me, please.” Ioka, four centimetres taller at 165 cm, kept the challenger at bay with sharp left jabs from the opening round. The Thai southpaw occasionally bored in to attack the Japanese but his blows did not seem to carry much weight. In the fourth round, Ioka stunned Wisanu with one-two blows to the face OSAKA: Kazuto Ioka of Japan won the vacant WBA light flyweight title Monday by but the Thai answered with a left straight to the body.—AFP stopping Jose Rodriguez of Mexico in the sixth round. defeated Kazuto Ioka knocked out Thai challenger Wisanu Kokietgym to retain his World Boxing Association light flyweight title in Osaka. The end came two minutes and 51 seconds into the ninth round of the scheduled 12round bout when Ioka crushed

tender with a sharp right uppercut to the body after having the upper hand throughout. It was the 24-year-old Ioka’s first defence of the title which he won by beating Mexican Jose Alfredo Rodriguez with a technical knockout in the same southern Japanese city last De-

training for the upcoming America’s Cup races. Simpson, who was 36, won gold in the keelboat star class at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, and a silver in the same category at last year’s London Games. He died when he got trapped underwater after the Artemis Racing boat capsized in San Francisco Bay during training for the America’s Cup races, which run from July through to September. “We’re devastated... Andrew is someone I’ve worked closely with since the age of 16. He was a great talent,” said John Derbyshire, performance director of Britain’s Royal Yachting Association (RYA). “He was a huge inspiration to others, both within the British Sailing Team and across the nation and our deepest sympathies go out to his family at this terrible time.”—AFP

Pak snooker team named for ACBS, Red C’ship in Doha L AHORE —Pakistan Billiard and Snooker Association on Friday named its four member team to take part in the ACBS Team Events and the 6-Red Snooker Championships being held from May 24-30 in Doha, Qatar. The team comprises, Muhammad Asif, Muhammad Sajjad, Hamza Akbar and Muhammad Majid Ali,said Alamgir A Shaikh, President, PBSA while talking to APP. He said prior to participation in the events Pak players will undergo training at Qatar snooker academy in Doha to improve their skills and to final touches to their preparations before launching their campaign in the events, he said. Alamgir said during the Asian snooker championship which concluded earlier this month in Karachi he requested Mubarak Al Khayarin, ACBS General Secretary and the Chairman of the Qatar Snooker Academy in Doha, to allow four Pak players to undergo training at their academy under the able guidance of their professional coaches.—APP

Serena Williams squeaks into Madrid semifinals M A D R I D — To p - r a n k e d Serena Williams outlasted Anabel Medina Garrigues 63, 0-6, 7-5 to reach the Madrid Open semifinals on Friday. Williams appeared to wear down against the scrappy Spaniard on the red clay court. After getting blanked in the second set, she fell behind 4-2 in the third. But the defending champion rallied to break Medina Garrigues’ serve twice to move on. ‘’It was definitely a battle,’’ Williams said. ‘’I obviously didn’t do much in the second set and gave her confidence to play better.’’ Williams will next face either Sara Errani or Ekaterina Makarova. Second-seeded Maria Sharapova had less trouble easing by Kaia Kanepi of Estonia 6-2, 6-4 to set up a semifinal with either Ana Ivanovic or Angelique Kerber. Williams’ entertaining match against an opponent she had rightly described as a ‘’grinder’’ the day before took several momentum swings. The 63rd-ranked Medina Garrigues has 10 career claycourt titles - the most of any active player - and her footwork and hustle against Williams showed why. Williams was ahead 2-0 in the third set and with two break chances to take firm control of the match, but Medina Garrigues ran off four straight points to hold serve and soon enough the upset looked to be in the works. But Williams regained command of her groundstrokes and a deep drive forced Medina Garrigues into an error on her return and lose serve.

The American then used another powerful shot to break Medina Garrigues again before holding serve at love to close out the match. Williams said she was still at a loss as to why she lost concentration in that second set, which she considered ‘’a reference for what not to do.’’ ‘’I just wasn’t really into it, my feet weren’t moving,’’

she said. ‘’To change it I got up early (before the third set) and did some high knees, some stretching, anything I could to get my intensity back up to where it needs to be.’’ Williams improved her record to 29-2 on the year. Also later, Rafael Nadal and Andy Murray had quarterfinal matches.—AP

MADRID: Serena Williams from the US celebrates a point against Anabel Medina from Spain during the Madrid Open tennis tournament.

Majid Khan to visit his injured cousin Imran Khan BIPIN DANI OBSERVER CORRESPONDENT M UMBAI —They say blood is thicker than water and this has been proved once again when it has been learnt that former Pakistani skipper Majid Khan is scheduled to visit an injured Imran Khan, who fell from a forklift while preparing to address an election rally in Lahore earlier this week. Not many know that former skippers, Imran and Majid are cousins and Imran, once during his tenure as the Pakistani skipper, had dropped Majid Khan from the national team owing to his poor form. “I am in Islamabad and will go to Lahore tomorrow. Hopefully, I shall be visiting him in the hospital”, the 67-year-old Majid Khan said exclusively over tele-

phone. Imran Khan’s other cousin, Javed Burki, who also played for Pakistan, is settled in USA. “What we have been hearing is that he is on a recovery path and that is good”, Majid added. Apparently, Imran’s two sons (Suleiman and Qasim) have not yet arrived. “Most of the time they are in UK”, Majid further added. In the meantime, the only Pakistani World Cup winning captain has been shifted to Inpatient -1 from the ICU on Wednesday, according to his Orthopaedic surgeon, Ahsan Shamin. Speaking exclusively over his mobile, he said, “Imran is responding well to the treatment. Being a sportsman himself, recovery is likely to be faster”. “He will be required to be in the hospital for 2-3 weeks but he has begun his election campaign from the hos-

pital bed”, he added. “No, you can’t speak to him now. He has been sent for MRI”, the doctor said. “He is also being treated by “Dr. Kamran Hussain, the Neurosurgeon”. “No, this hospital does not only treat the cancer patients. It is like any other hospital having all facilities”, Dr. Faisal Sultan, the hospital CEO said. The hospital was built in the memory of Imran’s mother, who died of cancer for want of treatment. In 1992, Imran Khan forgot to thank his team members for winning the World Cup because his mind was totally focused on the hospital, which he was dreaming. He now has a dream to win the election and become the Prime Minister of Pakistan. The country’s sympathy wave is with him. Wait and watch.

Ishtiak asks polling staff not to succumb to political pressure STAFF REPORTER

NATIONAL BRIE Musharraf plea hearing adjourned ISLAMABAD—The Anti-terrorism court Friday adjourned the hearing of ex-president President Musharraf’s plea for bail till May 15. A single member bench of anti-terrorism court resumed hearing of the petition moved by former military ruler Pervez Musharraf for bail in judges’ detention case. New lawyer of Musharraf, Ilyas Siddiqui submitted his power of attorney in the court. Advocate Ilyas Siddiqui would argue before the court regarding case on next hearing in detail.—INP

Bomb blast kills two in Miranshah MIRANSHAH —At least two people were killed and scores of others wounded when a bomb went off in North Waziristan on Friday. According to the media repots, the blast occurred at Khawja Jan Chowk in Miranshah while it was planted on a motorcycle. After the incident, the injured and bodies were shifted to near-by hospital while further investigations into the incident have been started.—NNI

One killed in hospital premises LAHORE—At least one person died by fire opened by unknown miscreants inside the Jinnah Hospital Lahore on Friday. According to police, the person taken to the hospital was injured in a fight between two groups in an area of Lahore. The death of the injured is confirmed by the hospital staff due to heavy firing by miscreants inside the hospital’s emergency ward. Police registered case of the incident and started investigations.—NNI

Pak-Iran border closed for 3 days TAFTAN—Pak-Iran border at Taftan area of Chaghi has been closed for three days in view of Saturday’s elections. The border will remain closed till Sunday. A Leves Force official Mohammad Akbar said that on the directives of Home Department‚ trade gate between Pakistan and Iran has been shut down as it was difficult for the local administration to concentrate on the polls and provide security to the pilgrims in Balochistan simultaneously.—Online

Rangers arrest 4 criminals KARACHI—Rangers arrested four criminals and recovered weapons from their custody during search operations conducted in different areas of the city. According to Rangers sources, the operations were conducted in Khokhrapar, Kunwari Colony of Manghopir and Machhar Colony. Criminals were involved in incidents of targeted killings also’ sources said. —NNI

PESHAWAR: Pak Army personnel patrolling to avoid any untoward incident during upcoming general election 2013.

Legal aspects of deadly drone strikes examined

Shahbaz responsible for dengue: Babar IRFAN ALIGI K ARACHI—Spokesperson to President Senator Farhatullah Babar strongly condemned the statement by Shahbaz Sharif of PM-N accusing the President for the deaths caused by deadly dengue epidemic in 2011 in the Punjab. In a rejoinder, the spokesperson said if the ex-Chief Minister Punjab Shahbaz Sharif, who personally held a dozen portfolios including that of health, did not possess the moral courage to admit his own failings he should at least desist from accusing the President. “Health was a purely provincial subject and Shahbaz cannot deny.” The President sought and secured assistance from friendly countries including Indonesia and Sri Lanka in fighting dengue. The spokesman recalled that President had advised the government to consider collaboration with Sri Lanka in imparting special training to nurses to deal with the epidemic in future. However, the Punjab CM holding the health portfolio had other interests to pursue instead of saving the lives of innocent people, he said.

ISLAMABAD—The Law Minis- Lahore High Court also came includes the US citizens. This the

ter Ahmer Bilal Soofi has asked the Solicitor Wing in the Ministry to obtain the copy of the judgment delivered by the Chief Justice of Peshawar High Court whereby drone strikes have been declared against the international law. He further instructed the ministry officials to examine the judgment in detail. Earlier, a high-level meeting was held in the Ministry to examine the legal aspects of drones issue. In this regard, the white paper presumably belonging to US Government available on NBC website came under discussion. The meeting was chaired by the Law Minister Ahmer Bilal Soofi and senior officials from Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Law participated. The proceeding with regard to drone matters pending in

Govt buys 3 luxury vehicles for Raja, Gilani and Jamali STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The caretaker government has purchased three luxury vehicles for three former prime ministers, costing the national kitty millions of rupees burden. The vehicles will soon be handed over to Raja Pervez Ashraf, Yousuf Raza Gilani and Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali as a reward. Interestingly, bullet proof Mercedes limousines have been purchased for Raja Pervez Ashraf and Yousuf Raza Gilani, while a Corolla vehicle has been purchased for Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali. According to officials, the Cabinet Division purchased two new bullet proof Mercedes vehicles worth over Rs50 million, as Raja Pervez Ashraf during his tenure as Prime Minister had got approved a bill from the parliament aimed at providing facilities to the ex-prime ministers and parliamentarians. The costly Mercedes vehicles would be given to Raja Pervez Ashraf and Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani, while Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali will be given Corolla vehicle worth Rs1.8 million, in contrast with the fact that Raja remained prime minister for only eight months while Jamali served as PM for only 19 months.

under discussion. The case being heard by the Supreme Court of Pakistan in which internment regulations are under consideration was also discussed as the same case may have profound impact on the Pakistan’s legal position on the conflict in FATA & PATA and consequently may affect Pakistan’s policy in relation to drone strikes. The Law Minister instructed the officials of ministry to examine the legal aspects of the US position and also assess its impact on the position that the Federation has to adopt both before the international diplomatic forums and also before the High Courts and Supreme Court. It was particularly pointed out that the US is treating any person who has hostile intentions towards the US Government as its enemy and that even

position has been approved by the US Supreme Court as well.

The use of drones violates international law and the Ministry intends to examine in detail the legal basis for justification of the said drones. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs also stated that they are also reviewing the said paper. The Law Minister issued instructions to the Ministry Officials to examine the paper in further details so that the legal arguments taken presumably by the US Government are thoroughly examined along with their legal basis. It is expected that the said exercise will be completed soon and will be presented to the incoming elected government as a legal assessment for it to take an appropriate political position.—Online

Sanjay Dutt gets no relief from SC NEW DELHI—The Indian Su- Shaikh. A day before the deadline preme Court on Friday rejected Bollywood actor Sanjay Dutt’s plea seeking review of its March 21 judgement upholding his conviction under the Arms Act and sentencing him to five years in jail in 1993 Mumbai serial blasts case. A bench of P Sathasivam and BS Chauhan, which had delivered March 21 verdict, found no merit in the review plea. Following Friday’s verdict, Dutt has exhausted all legal options and will have to go to jail on May 15. The court also rejected similar pleas made by other six convicts in the case. Other six convicts, who filed review petitions were Yusuf Mohsin Nulwalla, Khalil Ahmed Sayed Ali Nazir, Mohamed Dawood Yusuf Khan, Shaikh Asif Yusuf, Muzammil Umar Kadri and Mohd Ahmed

for his surrender ended, the Supreme Court had on April 17 granted Dutt, 53, four weeks time to surrender before jail authorities to undergo 42 months remaining sentence in the case. The apex court had on March 21 upheld his conviction in the 1993 Mumbai serial blasts case. However, the apex court had reduced to five years the six- year jail-term awarded to him by a designated TADA court in 2006, ruling out his release on probation saying the “nature” of his offence was “serious”. Dutt was convicted by the TADA court for illegal possession a 9 mm Pistol and a AK56 rifle which was part of the consignment of weapons and explosives brought to India for coordinated serial blasts that killed 257 people and injured over 700.—INP

MQM candidate gunned down STAFF REPORTER

ISLAMABAD—Secretary Election Commission Ishtiak Ahmad Khan has called upon over 700,000 polling staff to do their best in conducting free, fair and transparent elections. Briefing the media persons he said that the Election Commission administratively has done all what they could during the last couple of years, now it is the sole responsibility of polling staff to practically implement all measures taken by the commission. Referring to the speech of Founder of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the Secretary asked the polling staff not to succumb to pressure of any political party, politicians or any individual while discharging their duties.Ishtiak Ahmad said governments may come and go, but the loyalties of the public servants must be with state. He said for ensuring impartiality of elections, a huge responsibility rests on the shoulders of the polling staff since country is passing through very critical moments. Talking about the role of the Pakistan Army, Secretary ECP said 500 soldiers guarded the printing presses where ballot papers were printed while 50

helicopters and 20,000 army vehicles took part in the distribution operations. He said among other security personnel, around 75,000 army soldiers will ensure the foolproof security on the polling day.Secretary said nations are developed with institutions and in Pakistan, institutions including Supreme Court, Election Commission and media are getting strengthened. On this occasion, he said the ECP has issued 200,000 Commemorative Stamps with the printed slogans of Free, Fair and

Pakistani prisoners protest, fast in Indian held Kashmir ISLAMABAD–After the death of Pakistani prisoner, Sanaullah Haq, the inmates at the high security Kot Bhalwal jail in Jammu area of Indian-administered Kashmir staged protests and raised anti-India slogans in the jail premises. The jail authorities used brute force to prevent escalation in protests. Angered over the death of Sanaullah at a Chandigarh hospital following murderous assault in the jail, Pakistani prisoners at the Kot Bhalwal jail also had a verbal brawl with Indian inmates. Later, the Pakistani prisoners started fast to protest the death of Sanaullah. “Pakistani prisoners here (in the jail) have

not taken food in afternoon. We are pursuing them,” a jail officer of the Kot Bhalwal jail Jammu told Indian news agency Press Trust of India. Meanwhile, a senior officer of Prison department said, “27 items belonging to Sanaullah have been sent to Chandigarh through a special messenger.” The items include a prayer mat besides daily use items like his slippers, comb, brush and clothes, the officer said. These items are being handed over to officials of Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), he said. Sanaullah was attacked by ex-Indian trooper Vinod Kumar on May 3 inside the prison , a day after the Indian spy, Sarabjit Singh, died at a hospital in Lahore.

Transparent Elections. Replying to a question, he claimed rigging is now impossible after the steps taken by the commission including photo identity rolls and thumb impression for unique identity of the voter. He said upon receiving complaints, the commission can accurately investigate the culprits involved in rigging. He said Election Commission will announce the official results on May 12. To a question, he asked ministry of water and power to ensure no load shedding on May 11 and 12.

Non-state actors want to keep PPP, ANP, MQM out of polls: Kausar OBSERVER REPORT ISLAMABAD —The leader of Pakistan People’s Party Barrister Masood Kausar claimed on Friday that the Election Commission of Pakistan and caretaker government have failed to organize free, fair and impartial elections in the country. Addressing a press conference, Masood Kausar said that non-state actors wanted to keep PPP, Awami National Party and Muttahida Qaumi Movement out of elections. Right wing parties were allowed to run their election campaigns while PPP’s hands were tied, he said.

Afghan senate asks US for removing Pak built check post KABUL —Afghan senate has wants to keep nine military handed over military check

KARACHI —Unknown armed urged United States to assist bases across the country after posts in Goshta district. men on Friday shot dead a Muhajir Qaumi Movement (MQM) candidate in Landhi area of the metropolis. A party spokesman said that armed men shot dead Shakil Ahmed, a party candidate for Sindh Assembly constituency PS95 and National Assembly constituency NA-241. He said that the candidate was killed in Landhi-6 area. The Election Commission of Pakistan has postponed election on the aforesaid constituencies.

Afghanistan in removing Pakistani military check posts created in Goshta district of eastern Nangarhar province. Chairman of the Afghan senate said Washington’s demand to keep military bases inAfghanistan beyond 2014 will not be accepted unless United States does not act in accordance with the national interests of Afghanistan. This comes as Afghan president Hamid Karzai on Thursday said that Washington

NATO combat troops leave Afghanistan in 2014. Fazal-ul-Hadi Muslimyar, chairman of the Afghan senate house told reporters that US and NATO troops have handed over military check posts to Pakistani military in Goshta district. Local residents in Goshta district quoted by Fazal-ulHadi Muslimyar have said that Pakistani troops have moved 40km inside the Afghan soil after NATO and US troops

Chairman of the Afghan senate house last week also visited eastern Nangarhar province to inspect border issues in Goshta district and recent demonstrations against the provincial governor of Nangarhar. Afghan officials alleged that Pakistani military forces have carried out attacks on Afghan security forces for two times after the military check posts and installations were handed over to them.—INP

Philippines pullout peace troops from Syria MANILA—The Philippine ers “is beyond tolerable limits.” there.” foreign secretary said Friday that he has recommended President Benigno Aquino III pull out all Filipino U.N. peacekeepers from the Golan Heights following the abduction of four by Syrian rebels, the second such incident in two months. Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario said the government believes the exposure of the country’s 342 peacekeep-

Aquino will have the final say in the matter. It is not clear when the decision will be made. “We have sent a recommendation to the president and as soon as he says go, we will undertake to do that as soon as possible,” del Rosario told reporters. He added: “We have to worry about the safety of our people ... we don’t want to unnecessarily expose our people

Syrian rebels seized the four peacekeepers along the U.N.patrolled demarcation line separating the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights and Syria on Tuesday, only two months after 21 Filipino peacekeepers were abducted and held for three days by the rebels in the same area. A video emerged online Thursday that purportedly shows the abducted peacekeepers, who appeared unhurt. A

bearded man, believed to be with a group called the Yarmouk Martyrs Brigade, read out a statement saying the peacekeepers had been moved to another location for their own safety as fighting raged between Syrian government troops and rebels. The statement did not specify where the peacekeepers were being held, nor conditions for their release. The Yarmouk Brigades

also was behind the March abduction. “We are also aware of the fact that negotiations are also being undertaken with the group that has allegedly abducted these peacekeepers. We contend on the other hand that abduction of peacekeepers is a violation of international law,” del Rosario said. “If you look at the situation there, the people that abducted the peacekeepers were actually

Published by: Zahid Malik from Ali Akbar House Markaz G-8, Islamabad and printed by Gauhar Zahid Malik at Al Umar Printers

under siege and they were using our people to be able to get them out of the situation that they found themselves in. And that’s not healthy for us,” he said. Nearly 1,000 U.N. peacekeepers are patrolling the Golan Heights, which Israel seized from Syria in the 1967 Mideast war. Other major contributors are India and Austria. Croatia has recently withdrawn its contingent. —AP

Lung tumor gene test predicts surgery outcomes


N ASSAY which measures the ac tivity of 14 genes in lung cancer tumors can accurately predict who will respond well to surgery and who will probably die within five years, researchers from the University of California, San Francisco, reported in The Lancet. 80% of lung cancer patients have NSCLC (nonsmall-cell lung cancer) their long term prognosis is poor, even after surgical interventions at stages I and II of the disease (early stages), the authors wrote. An assay is an analysis that is carried out to determine something. Outcomes for patients with NSCLC are generally poor because the cancer has usually spread (metastasized) without being detected. Dr Michael J Mann and Professor David M Jablons and team showed that the gene test can predict who will be cured by surgery and who will not. The test (assay) measures the activity of 14 genes within the patient’s tumor. It is carried out after surgery, and the tumor is sent to the laboratory. Gene activity patterns are analyzed, and the pathologist can rate the patient’s risk category from low, intermediate, to high. The authors explained that the assay has been extensively tested independently in two large blinded studies, soon to be published in the same journal.

The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) scientists initially created the concept of the assay. It was then developed and licenced into its present form by molecular diagnostics company, Pinpoint Genomics, Inc. Kaiser Permanente Hospitals, Northern California validated it, and then further confirmed its validity after carrying out a trial in China (China Clinical Trials Consortium). Trials in Northern California found that 71% of patients were deemed lowrisk (of dying before five years after surgery). The Chinese trial had similar results (71%). “The molecular assay was the strongest predictor of 5-year mortality compared with standard criteria such as sex, age, smoking status, tumour size, and even disease stage, and outperformed National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines used to identify high-risk patients with stage I disease. This assay provides prognostic differentiation of patients with early stage disease and might be helpful in the identification of the most appropriate application of treatment guidelines to improve clinical outcomes.” The researchers are now preparing for a prospective study, which will include those identified as high risk by the gene test.

ISLAMABAD: Army personnel help election officials to carry election materials outside a distribution centre.

Election Briefs Thin attendance ISLAMABAD —Despite being a working day at the government offices in the federal capital, the attendance was very thin and there was a scene of a holiday as traffic was also very thin on the roads.—INP

Parking within 100-meter RAWALPINDI —District government has banned parking within 100-meter limits of polling stations due to security concerns on polling day In view of this, district government issued notification regarding the imposition of section 144 here the other day. The government took this step to ensure peaceful environment for the people to cast their votes on May 11.—Online

Emergency services ISLAMABAD—Capital DevelISLAMABAD: Capital Development Authority workers busy in painting roof of China opment Authority (CDA) has Chowk Underpass at F-6. given special direction putting on high alert all emergency services to cope with any form of emergency on Election Day. In view of this, CDA chairman Syed Tahir Shahbaz has ordered CDA I SLAMABAD —The Election Care 1122, Fire Brigade, CapiCommission of Pakistan (ECP) has granted the pow- I SLAMABAD —Gender Con- expert international ob- tal hospital, Sanitation includers of First Class Magistrate cerns International (GCI) in servers (IOs) will be de- ing water supply Staff to be to Presiding Officers to deal partnership with Aurat ployed to their respective on high alert and be prepared with any election-related Foundation has launched observation stations to to cope with any untoward fraud or untoward incident. its Gender Election Moni- observe the electoral pro- situation and has cancelled cess from a gender per- leaves of all staff.—Online The Election Commission toring (GEM) Mission. GEM Mission is the spective on May 11. has asked all Presiding Offic“The IOs will be joined Threat of terrorism ers to take possession of the only Observation mission election material on Friday at organized by an interna- by fifty female observers R AWALPINDI —In view of their respective polling sta- tional NGO that has been from Pakistan, who have threat of terrorism, City Traffic accredited by Election been recruited and ap- Police (CTP) has given special tions.—APP Commission of Pakistan. pointed by the Aurat Foun- direction that all entry and exit Talking to APP here on dation”, she said. points should be checked The Gender Election properly while special pickets Friday, a r epresentative Monitoring Mission’s inof the mission said ‘The would be set up on different GEM Mission’ will monitor ternational observer team ways. All suspected personSabra Bano, als, tinted glassed vehicles, the General Election 2013 included Head of the Mission, without number plate vehicles with reference to women’s May 24 the would be checked and a strict participation in the elec- Magda De Meyer, Deputy Head of the Mis- surveillance would be mainOXFORD University tion. Both the organizations sion who have monitored tained.—Online Press and Foundation Open Society Institute have already signed a MoU previous elections in Libya Pakistan, are delighted to on March 1, 2013, under (2012), Morocco (2011), host the 6th Children’s which 10 international and Tunisia (2011), and PakiLiterature Festival in Pa- 50 national observers will stan (2008). Sharing further said kistan. The first CLF monitor the coming elecIslamabad will be held on tions form gender angle, that if the general election process is not inclusive of 24, 25 May, 2013 at Pak- she added. The representative said women, it won’t bring true China Friendship Centre. a team of women gender democracy.—APP ISLAMABAD—The Islamabad Electric Supply Company (IESCO) has made special arrangements for election day and deputed officers and officials to ensure smooth and uninterrupted power supply. According to IESCO I SLAMABAD —The Election passport and driving license Commission has advised would be acceptable for cast- Spokesman, these officials would perform their duties on people to bring their Com- ing vote. May 10 and May 11 at DistriIn reply to a question, puterized National Identity Card (CNIC) for casting vote the spokesman said as per bution Control Center election laws anyone having Islamabad and all five Circles, in the general elections. Islamabad/ A spokesman of the expired Computerized Na- including Commission said no person tional Identity Cards can cast Rawalpindi/Attock/Jhelum and Chakwal. would be allowed to cast his/her vote. The IESCO also appealed He said the main purpose vote at the polling station without having original com- of the CNIC is the identifica- to its valued customers to puterized national identity tion of the voter which would cooperate with the officials card. No other document in- serve even after expiry.— and in case of any emergency or interruption they could cluding the copy of CNIC APP

ECP grants FCM powers

Gender election monitoring mission

D-Day today

All set to hold election battles, Capital divided in 17 sectors Security on high alert STAFF REPORTER R AWALPINDI —All is set to hold free, fair and transparent general elections on Saturday (May 11) in Rawalpindi district as 2149 polling stations have been established for 2646,499 voters and election material has been provided to the presiding officers. All the arrangements in this connection have been finalized and Close Circut Television (CCTV) cameras and walk-through gates have been installed at 93 sensitive polling stations of Rawalpindi district. The presiding officers have taken over the control of 2149 polling stations established in Rawalpindi district. The schools and other government offices where the polling stations have been established are now under the full control of the presiding officers. Police personnel have also been deployed at the polling stations. All the security arrangements to ensure smooth, peaceful and transparent elections have been finalized. Ballot boxes, stationery, photographed voter lists and necessary material have been handed over to the polling officers here on Friday. All, male and female polling officers were summoned in this regard. The ballot papers will be distributed early in the morning on May 11. All private and government educational institutions were closed down for four

Smooth power supply on election day

ECP advises voters to bring CNIC for casting vote

contact to their respective areas compliant offices and Customers Services Center. The customers could also contact the focal persons on following cell numbers. Sher Dad XEN Cell No:0332-8566732 at Distribution Control Center Islamabad and For Islamabad Circle Raja Asgher Ali XEN Cell No:03328561061, For Rawalpindi Circle Farukh Syyar Addl: Manager Cell No:0332-8561084, For Attock Circle Faisal Sharif Dy.Manager Cell No.03335244834, For Chakwal Circle Mumtaz Ali Janjua XEN Cell No.0332-5949221 and For Jhelum Circle Muhammad Aslam Khan Dy. Manager Cell No.0333-5334514.—APP

consecutive days from May 9 to May 13. All the schools will re-open on May 14. According to an official of city district government, out of 2,149 polling stations in the district, 59 in Rawalpindi City, 15 in Gujar Khan, 10 in Wah Cantonment and three each in Kahuta, Kalar Syedan and Murree have been declared sensitive, as violence or clashes between political workers is expected there. Special check posts of army and police were estab-

lished few days back at all the entry points to Rawalpindi from Khyber Pakhtunkhawa (KPK) where round the clock checking is being conducted. Islamabad police have divided the federal capital into 17 sectors and 6500 personnel will be deputed to cope with emergency situation for polling day on May 11. To ensure effective security arrangements regarding polling day, a comprehensive security plan has been chalked out after brainstorm-

ing sessions by the stakeholders and formal approval has been given by Inspector General of Police Islamabad Bani Amin Khan in Capital. SSP Islamabad Yaseen Farooq has briefed all the law enforcers performing security duties on the Election Day (May 11). In view of this, a total of 6500 policemen including 400 cops from Islamabad Traffic Police (ITP) and 500 personnel from Azad Kashmir will perform security duties on polling day in Capital.

Briefs Agri loan tenure extended Staff Reporter KARACHI—The State Bank of Pakistan extended agri. loans tenure from three to five years for Small and Rural Enterprises under the Credit Guarantee Scheme to facilitate eligible farmers for purchase of tractors and other agri. Implements. The State Bank of Pakistan has issued directives regarding extension in agri loans to all banks and micro finance banks. To avoid portfolio concentration in tractor and other implements financing, the aggregate financing under this category shall not exceed 20% of the total allocated guarantee limit of the bank.

Cut in fertilizer gas subsidy Staff Reporter ISLAMABAD—Federal Minister for Petroleum & Natural Resources Sohail Wajahat H. Siddiqui in a meeting has proposed to cut the gas subsidy to fertilizer plants which would cause further increase in the fertilizer gas price hike The exercise is said to be aimed at bringing uniformity in gas prices for all sectors using gas. The proposal has drawn sharp reaction from leading companies in fertilizer business who are less worried for their profit margins but take it as a serious blow to the fertilizer industry in Pakistan. In international market of Mid east the fuel price is ( $ 0.75 1.75 mmbtu ) where as here it is $ 3.2 for gas and $ 5.4 for fuel. The proposed price hike will increase Rs 800-1000/ bag. This will make the fertilizer import attractive than local production. Thousands of related employees will loose jobs and enhance joblessness in Pakistan.

Elections no impact on property prices Observer Report LAHORE—After 5 years of stagnant market, several areas of Pakistan real estate sector recorded incredible hikes in 2012. According to Data released by, the General Election 2013 failed to bring the property rates down in most of the posh developments in Pakistan. The portal also notices a rise in property demand in Lahore and Islamabad, where 34.45PC of the total number of visitors on the portal browsed properties in Lahore while 28.85pc of the visitors searched the pages specified for real estate developments in Islamabad. This strong demand pushed the property price up in some areas of Lahore and Islamabad. According to data, value of 5, 10, 20, and 40 Marla houses in all major cities of Pakistan increased 8pc during the first quarter of 2013. The real estate agents believe that the market will pick up more aggressively after the election as a lot of overseas Pakistanis will be flying back home to cast their votes.

Rates for conversion KARACHI—The following rates will be applicable for conversion into rupees of Foreign Currency Deposits, Dollar Bearer Certificates, Foreign Currency Bearer Certificates, Special U.S. Dollar Bonds and profits thereon by all banks and for providing Forward Cover on Foreign Currency Deposits (excluding F.E. 25 deposits) by the State Bank on May 13, 2013. The rates are U.S. Dollar Rs 98.4183, Japanese Yen Rs 0.9720, Pound Sterling Rs 151.4756 and Euro Rs 127.9635.—APP

Rs158.9m provided for five textile projects STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The government has so far released Rs158.900 million for five major projects of the Textile Industry Division under its Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP), official sources said Friday. The total cost of all these projects has been estimated at Rs.2081.440, out of which Rs227 million would be released during the ongoing year (2012-13). Giving break up, the source said that an amount of Rs64.400 million has been released for the Faisalabad Garment City Project and Rs62.300 million for Lahore Garment City Company.

year, the government released Rs10.5 million so far. The total cost of this project is 59.2 million. The government also released 7 million for Providing and Laying of Dedicated 48 inch Diameter mild Steel Water Pipeline for Textile City Karachi. The total cost of this project is Rs636.6 million, of which Rs10 million have been earmarked in fiscal year 2012-13, the sources added. The sources said that the Planning Commission of Pakistan has so far released Rs170.3 billion for all development projects under the Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP) against the total allocations of Rs233 billion

PHMA formulates budget proposals STAFF CORRESPONDENT LAHORE—The Pakistan Hardware Merchants Association, PHMA, (Northern Zone) in its Executive Committee Meeting held at its zonal office, presided by the Association Chairman Engr. Sajjad Afzal Sheikh on Budget Proposals for Financial Year 2013-2014. The situation of present business conditions were discussed at length with respect to law and order situation, peak unscheduled load shedding of 16 hours in the business centers of the Metropolitan Hubs of the Punjab and KPK, weak social reforms, friction among the institutions had made economic activity to stand Still. Numerous resources were discussed, which

can be made viable for the country, but instead, we are relying on foreign aid of donor institutions like IMF and World Bank for our needs. PHMA stressed on the slogan no aid but trade. PHMA emphasized the government to broaden the tax base rather than increase the sales tax percentage by 2-3 per cent from present VAT rate of 16 per cent by FBR. Under the present circumstances when countrys economy has been crippled due to severe energy crises, law and order situation, high inflation due to severe devaluation of Pak Rupees, the margins on the items are almost squeezed. The high rate of tax is big discouragement for an honest tax payer result in higher

smuggled items. It is, therefore, suggested to bring the VAT rate at 10 per cent. It is further suggested in the meeting that a sustained economic growth can be achieved through macro-economic stability and fiscal prudence and should stop bleeding the Public Sector Enterprises. Broadening our tax base should cover all sorts of area without any prejudice. Pakistan tax to GDP ratio is woefully inadequate at 9 per cent as compared to the other Asian economies of the region such as Sri Lanka at 17 per cent, India 19 per cent, China 21 per cent and Malaysia 15.5 per cent and if we see the Europeans they are beyond 30 per cent. Pakistan economy has been

for the fiscal year 2012-13. An amount of Rs86.2 billion has been released for 347 infrastructure development projects and Rs78.2 billion for 715 social sector projects. Similarly, Rs1.9 billion has been released for 77 other projects and Rs4 billion for the Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority (ERRA). The total size of the PSDP for the year 2012-13 is Rs360 billion, including Rs100 billion foreign aid component, which is managed by the Economic Affairs Division and Rs27 billion special programmes, release of which are made by the Cabinet Division or the Finance NBP SEVP Imam Bux Baloch receives 8th Consumers Choice Awards 2012 from Sindh Division. Minister for Commerce and Industries Khalid Tawab, NBP Division Head Syed Ibne Hassan is also seen in the picture.

Taxpayers grievances redressal cell established STAFF REPORTER

STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD —The country’s Large Scale Manufacturing (LSM) has registered positive growth of 4.26 percent during the first nine months of the current fiscal year over the corresponding period of the last financial year. On year-on-year basis, the LSM grew by 9.32 percent during the month of March 2013 when compared to the same month of last year, according to the data of Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS). The Quantum Index Numbers (QIN) of LSM stood at 117.94 points during July-March (2012-13) against 113.12 points during July-March (2011-12). During the period under review, industries monitored by Oil Companies Advisor

Committee (OCAS) registered increase of 0.73 percent growth while the indices of Ministry of Industries grew by 1.35 percent and that of Provincial Bureaus of Statistics by 2.18 percent. The manufacturing items that witnessed growth during the first nine months of the current year over the same period of last year included food beverages and tobacco (7.3%), Iron and steel products (13.24%), coke and petroleum products (13.31%), paper and board (21.97%), rubber products (17.61%), pharmaceuticals (16.35%), non metallic mineral products (5.86%) and textile (0.92%). The manufacturing items that witnessed decrease in production during the period included fertilizers (5.03%), electronics (6.43%), wood products

taxpayers’ grievances and to facilitate them, a Cell under Section 7 of the FBR, Act, 2007 is already functioning under Member (FATE). On the instructions of Dr. Shahid Amjad Chaudhry, Advisor to Prime Minister on Finance, Revenue, Economic Affairs, Statistics and Planning & Development, the Competent Authority has decided that the said Cell will also receive all Continued on Page 11 kinds of grievances pertaining to the working of FBR. Member (FATE) will refer the grievances so received to the concerned wing of FBR for redressal. This grievance Redressal Cell has started operating round the clock in Room No. 208 in FBR House in accordance with the duty roster issued for this (18.98%), engineering products purpose. (15.6%), automobiles (11.84%), leather products (2.33%) and chemicals (1.08%). Meanwhile, the industrial growth during March 2013 increased by 9.32 and 0.64 percent when compared to the growth of March 2012 and February 2013 respectively. OBSERVER REPORT It may be recalled that the Provisional Quantum Index Num- K ARACHI —RECMA has bers of Large Scale Manufactur- ranked OMD Worldwide the ing Industries (QIM) has been number one global media netcomputed in PBS on the basis of work in its 12th annual latest production data of 112 items Compitches Report which evalureceived from sources, including ates the competitive pitch success OCAC, Ministry of Industries and rate of all global media agencies Production and BOS. across 46 countries. OCAC supplied the data of Earlier in January, OMD 11 items, Ministry of Industries earned its third consecutive numand Production supplied the data ber one ranking from RECMA. of 36 items and Provincial Bu- Additionally, in July 2012 reaus of Statistics provided data RECMA ranked OMD the largfor 65 items. est global media agency by billings, with 10.7 percent of market share. CEO Mainardo sayid that Our commitment to creativity mats actively participated in the and innovation is fueling new coordination conference business success as well as many wherein humanitarian situation other performance indicators in Pakistan and updates of flood measured by RECMA including preparedness on part of national effectiveness, the single most disaster management authority important one for all our clients. was discussed in detail. The secThe ranking also confirms retary Planning and Develop- our global leadership in effectivement Fata on this occasion ness briefed the participants on the OMD management structure Early Recovery Assistance is led by Dara Bashir Khan as Framework for Fata which is Chairman and Rizwan Merchant meant for rehabilitation of the as CEO. Rizwan brings on board internally displaced people and rich experience of working with the development of Fata. some of the top brands in the inThe situation of the inter- dustry. nally displaced people from Fata He is able to add qualitative due to terrorism and their well- dimensions to media selection, being as well as resettlement negotiations, process managewas discussed in detail. ment and client transparency.

OMD ranked top global media network

KP governor asks donors’ aid for uplift STAFF REPORTER P E S H AWA R —Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor, Engineer Shaukatullah Khan has called upon the donors community and the developed nations to generously support the humanitarian as well as development initiatives of the government for the people for Fata. Talking at a donors coordination conference held at Islamabad on Wednesday, he said that both Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Fata had been sheltering Afghan refugees for decades and were also the frontline of the war on terror due to which their lands have been de-

stroyed to a great extent. He said that though on its own the government was making every effort to provide humanitarian assistance to the people affected by terrorism as well as the uplift of the people of Fata yet the donors community also needs to supplement these efforts. He said that they were working over a comprehensive reforms and development programme in Fata and the results of it will be visible to everyone within two-three years. Senior representatives of international donor as well as UN agencies including JICA, UNHCR, UNICEF, WHO, Care International, and senior diplo-

Cement industry needs support AMANULLAH KHAN

KARACHI—In The domestic ISLAMABAD—For redressal of demand for cement posted

LSM grows 9.32pc in March

healthy rise of over 6 percent in first ten months of this fiscal, however this upward trend is feared to be impacted if the manufacturers were forced to bear higher transportation charges for coal, its basic fuel and for transportation of cement bags. According to All Pakistan Cement Manufacturers Association, the sector dispatched 27.664 million tons of cement during the first ten months of this fiscal which is 4.09 percent higher than the dispatches of 26.576 million tons during the corresponding period of last fiscal year.

In April 2013, the industry dispatched 3.123 million tons of cement that was 3.8 percent higher than the dispatches in April 2012. He said that exports of 0.755 million tons cement in April 2013 were 2.28 percent less than the exports achieved during the corresponding period last year. The domestic consumption of cement during the period July 2012 to April 2013 reached to the level of 21 million tons depicting an increase of 6.03 percent. APCMA has appealed to the federal government to relax the axle load limit upto 10% of the maximum cargo weight on National Highways. After the implementation of axle load, timely supply of raw materials and finished goods to

STAFF REPORTER vilion,” established in the 11th International Defence Industry Fair (IDEF) 2013 held at Istanbul from 7-10 May, attracted a large number of visitors and prospective buyers. Pakistani stalls were one of the most visible and frequently visited, said a message received here on Friday. Leading defence manufacturing companies from Paki-

stan participated in the fair. Participating companies include: Pakistan Ordinance Factories (POF), National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM), Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT), Defence Export Promotion Organization (DEPO), Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC), Military Vehicles Research & Development Establishment (MVRDE), National Radio And Telecommunication Corporation (NTRC), Global Industrial & Defence

Solutions (GIDS), etc. Pakistan’s Secretary for Defence Production Lt. Gen. (Retd) Shahid Iqbal led the Pakistan delegation to the event. The delegation also includes Chairman NESCOM Mr. Muhammad Irfan Burney, Chairman POF Lt. Gen. Muhammad Ahsan Mahmood, Chairman HIT Lt. Gen. Syed Wajid Hussain, Chairman PAC Air Marshal Sohail Gul Khan, Ambassador of Pakistan to Turkey Mr. Muhammad Haroon Shaukat,

Managing Director MVRDE Maj. Gen. Rehan Abdul Baqi, and other high officials. Members of the Pakistan delegation held meetings with their Turkish counterparts and other visiting delegations from the Middle East, Africa and Europe. Pakistan’s participation in the fair came on the heels of a successful defence exhibition “International Defence Exhibition and Seminar” or IDEAS 2012 it recently organized in

destinations is being delayed. In line with the axle load restrictions trucks must have a load of 80 tons when leaving the port. This is made up of 50 tons of cargo and 30 tons of the own weight of the truck. Trucks are weighed at the Karachi Port weigh bridge while leaving the Port. These measurements are not accurate as the KPT instruments are not calibrated and are very old. Beyond the Karachi Port weigh bridge there is another private weigh bridge called Babar Kanta where trucks are also weighed before starting their onward journey. This Kanta is more accurate, so that generally there is a difference in the weight shown by the KPT Kanta and this one.

Wheat grain prices upward to Rs3,200 per 100kg STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —The prices of wheat grain continue to move upward and reached Rs 3,200 per 100-kilograms bag in the domestic market due to buying by the market movers and hoarders. Despite inter district ban on the movement of wheat by Sindh government to complete its procurement, the prices of the commodity are increasing for last three weeks. Wheat harvesting in Sindh has already begun and presently the government is engaged in procuring 1.3 million tons wheat as strategic reserves. Generally, wheat prices showed declining

trend during the harvesting season, however this year prices of wheat grains are gradually raising and now reached Rs 3,200 per 100-kilograms bag in the domestic market. The prices of the commodity witnessed an increase of Rs 350 per 100-kg bag during last three weeks as the prices of the essential commodity stood at Rs 2,850 per 100-kg bag in the third week of April this year. Traders said that unplanned procurement policy and mismanagement by the government has resulted in some increase in the wheat prices. However, they said, current raise in the prices of commodity is unexpected. Massive increase in the prices

of wheat at time of harvesting is anticipating a serious crisis in the country, they added. Hoarders and market movers are procuring a large quantity of wheat as they are expecting that the production will be less than target, traders said. With tight monitoring of wheat movement and strict implement of Section 144, already announced for inter district ban on movement of wheat, Sindh government can bring the prices down within next one week, they suggested. There is no wheat shortage in the country and it is a wrong perception that wheat is being procured in large quantity for export purposes, exporters said.

Weekly inflation up by 0.39pc STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The Sensitive Price Indicator (SPI) for the week ended on May 9 for the lowest income group up to Rs 8,000 increased by 0.39 per cent as compared to the previous week. The SPI for the week under review in the above mentioned group was recorded at 186.13 points against 185.40 points registered in the previous week. According the provisional figures of Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) weekly SPI has been computed with base 2007 2008=100, covering 17 urban centers and 53 essential items

for all income groups and combined. The SPI for the combined group also increased by 0.35 per cent as it went up from 190.91 points in the previous week to 191.58 points in the week under review. As compared to the corresponding week of last year, the SPI for the combined group in the week under review witnessed increase of 4.53 percent. As compared to the last week, the SPI for the income groups from Rs 8001 12,000, 12,001 18,000, 18001 35,000 and above Rs 35,000 increased by 0.23 percent, 0.28 percent, 0.37

Pakistan pavilion outshines in IDEF-2013 Istanbul ISLAMABAD—”Pakistan Pa-

Success is when ... you do more than you need to do before you’re asked to do it, not because you’re asked to do it — but because you want to do it.

The actual cost of Faisalabad Garment City project and Lahore Garment City Company has been projected at Rs498.8 million and 586.8 million respectively, of which Rs92 million and 89 million would be released during the current fiscal year. The government also released Rs14.700 million for Pak-Korean Garments Technology Training Institute, Karachi the source said adding the total cost of this project is Rs300 million, out of which Rs.21 million would be released this year. Similarly, out of Rs15 million funds allocated for Extension in Export Development Plan Implementation Unit during current

Karachi. Pakistan offered high tech air and ground equipment and hardware for sale which manifests the country has achieved self sufficiency in many fields. Pakistan’s defence industry not only meets the requirements of its Armed Forces, but also exports defence products to many friendly countries. Such export is not only contributing to economic growth, but also trying to maintain a balance between defence spending

and national development. The biennial IDEF fair is held under the auspices and support of the Ministry of National Defence of Turkey and managed by Turkish Armed Forces Foundation, and organized by T•yap Fairs & Exhibitions Organization Inc. A total of 800 Turkish and foreign companies and company representatives from 49 countries, as well as ministers and military chiefs from several countries attended this event.

and 0.55 percent respectively. During the week under review average prices of 14 items registered decrease, while that of 12 items increase with the remaining 27 items’ prices unchanged. The items which registered decrease in their prices during the week under review included tomatoes, egg hen (farm), petrol, diesel, onions, L.P.G. (11 kg cylinder), kerosene oil, gram pulses (washed), mustard oil, vegetable ghee (loose), moong pulse (washed), potatoes, red chillies and sugar. The items which recorded increase in their average prices included tomatoes, egg, hen (farm), bath soap, gur, bananas, wheat flour, shirting, masoor pulse (washed), georgette, curd, mutton, rice basmatti, energy savor, potatoes, washing soap, wheat, milk fresh, beef, moong pulse washed, red chillies, chicken live (farm), mash pulse, cooking oil (tin), vegetable ghee. The items with no change in their average prices during the week under review included rice irri-6, bread plane, vegetable ghee (tin), milk powder, salt, tea, coked dal (plate), tea prepared (cup), cigarettes, long cloth, lawn, sandal gents, chappal spang, sandal ladies, electric charges, gas charges, fire wood, match box, petrol, diesel and telephone local calls.


































Omani Riyal



Saudi Arabia



Hong Kong
























active to Govt may charge ST on SAARC, CCI member countries Mafia control market basis of printed price determined to further promote trade committee STAFF REPORTER


members countries of the SAARC Chamber of Commerce and Industry, an apex body of chambers in South Asia, have unanimously resolved to promote trade and strengthen economic ties besides accelerating the developmental activities for the welfare of the people of the region. It was stated on Friday by President SCCI Vikramjit Singh while briefing his Pak counterpart Vice President SAACR Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Pak chapter, Iftikhar Ali Malik about the important decisions taken at a high level SCCI meeting held at New Delhi a couple of days ago in which Pakistan did not participate af-

ter the death of Sarabjit Singh. He said that it was decided that SAARC region should emphasis on joining hands in trade, agriculture and economic activities which must refrain from animosities for the region. He said that epoch making decisions will provide an impetus to liberalization of interS A A R C through SAFTA. It will also develop concerted ideas in fields of trade facilitation and on measures to improve intra-regional connectivity which he added would contribute to smoother trade flows and reduced trans-

action costs in intra-regional trade. Vikramjit Singh said that with the rapid advancement of technology, the need for sustainability and survival has become crucial perspective for firms throughout the world as competition grows gruesome. He said that current global crunch has become a setback for countries throughout the world especially in developing and transition economies. Therefore, regional co-operation is the most important phenomena today which he added has now become inevi-

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48000.00 43890.00 830.00 800.00

ACCA exam

Pak student achieves highest position worldwide OBSERVER REPORT KARACHI—Ahmed Ali has achieved the highest marks in the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) professional exam worldwide for paper F9, with a score of 94. ACCA is the global body for professional accountants. It offers business-relevant, first-choice qualifications to people of application, ability and ambition around the world who seek a rewarding career in accountancy, finance and management. A record number of students around the world successfully completed their final exams in the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) examinations in December 2012 examination session. More than 7,200 students passed their final exams - a slight increase on the previous record numbers in June 2012, which will enable them to take the next step to Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) membership. In all, over 198,000 candidates took almost 367,000 papers around the world, with more than 60,000 students sitting computer based exams. Global high achiever was Ahmed Ali, who achieved highest marks in the professional exam worldwide for paper F9, with a score of 94. On the face of it, the paper may seem to have a high amount of calculation in it, but nevertheless, it is important to understand the underlying concepts behind the arithmetic, said Ahmed Ali. A lot of topics in the syllabus are interconnected and it is important to understand the basis for these topics to be able to score a decent mark, he added. The examiner does not only want us to be able to produce a set of numbers, but also be able to evaluate them in the context of the prevailing environment, he said.

STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—President, Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI), Muhammad Haroon Agar has welcomed the three health ordinances signed and promulgated by Sindh Governor Dr Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan on the occasion of international thalassemia day. These ordinances relate to thalassemia, mental healthcare and health commission, said a KCCI release here on Thursday. President KCCI said the implementation of these laws would help to control and prevent thalassemia and streamline healthcare in the province. He appreciated the move

of adding a column about thalassemia test in the marriage certificates whose filling would be obligatory after promulgation of thalassemia ordinance. On the occasion of Thalassemia International Day, President KCCI Muhammad Haroon Agar, accompanied by Senior Vice President Shamim Firpo, Vice President Nasir Mehmood also visited Afzaal Memorial Thalassemia Foundation. They underlined the need for creating awareness regarding thalassemia and said that its precautionary measures were need of the time. He stressed on educating youth about health matters, hygiene and preventions. Such

education should be taught at colleges and university level to broaden awareness and enlightenment. Youth at colleges and universities must also be taught to act as social and health volunteers to create awareness in the local areas and town, he said. The ratio of literacy rate of our country is not satisfactory. That is why, he said, our country has enormous problems and imbalanced social and economic conditions. Education and health sectors hold fundamental importance for any country. Presently, Pakistan is in a dire need to establish high quality educational and health institutions, KCCI chief said.

table as the process of globalisation is still at large. Iftikhar Ali Malik sharing his views said that the world today has now become a global village and the integration of business and multinational firms has made the world a smaller place to live in and added distances and time are no longer the constraints for business across the globe. He said a business in UK may have its operational department in Pakistan, its Human Resource Department in India and its help support in Sri Lanka. He said the world economy has witnessed unprecedented changes and undoubtedly the changes in South Asia are going to influence the global economy like never before and Asia will be the nucleus of economic growth.

KARACHI —Land mafia has become active to clandestinely grab control of new Sabzi Mandi market committee. The perpetrators are engaged in endeavours to block the induction of genuine representatives of traders and farmers who are the real stakeholders. Outside elements who are involved in land encroachment in Sabzi Mandi are making all out efforts to sabotage Provincial Ministry of Agricultures move to form the market committee comprising those who are actually engaged in business. According to a source in the Ministry of Agriculture, these elements are putting all their energies in exercising their influence to ensure that people who are involved in electricity theft, land grabbing and other illegal activities could become members of the committee. Traders of Sabzi Mandi have appealed Provincial Ministry of Agriculture not to accept pressure of these elements and immediate steps should be taken to form market committee. This STAFF REPORTER would not only resolve the isL AHORE —Fears associated sues facing traders but would with the parliamentary elec- also help the government to gentions have increased need for erate revenue. risk coverage through insurance, a leading business leader said Friday. Insurance industry should educate business community to take adequate measures to proSTAFF REPORTER tect themselves and their business from any potential security and investment danger after the KARACHI—The domestic ceelections, said Mian Shahid, ment consumption has increased CEO Saudi Pak Insurance Com- by over six percent. This was stated by a spokespany. man of the All Pakistan Cement Security issues have brought economy to its knees, businesses Manufacturers Association have been destroyed and em- (APCMA). In a statement here on Friployees displaced because majority of the affected did not have day he said that the domestic proper insurance cover to com- consumption of cement posted a healthy rise of over six percent pensate them, he said. Rising political tempera- in the first ten months of this fistures can result in political vio- cal. The spokesman said that the lence that can cause interruption in the business operations, he sector dispatched 27.664 million tons of cement during the first warned. Mian Shahid said that indus- ten months of this fiscal which try should design appropriate is 4.09 percent higher than the products to cover business com- dispatches of 26.576 million munity especially the SMEs can tons during the corresponding be adversely affected in the post- period of last fiscal year. election scenario.

Election fears boost insurance coverage

IFS rating of East West Insurance upgraded STAFF REPORTER

Units should be allowed to sell electricity STAFF REPORTER

LAHORE—The PACRA has up- K A R A C H I —Senior graded the Insurer Financial Strength (IFS) rating of East West Insurance Company Limited (EWI) to ‘A’(Single A) (previously A-). The rating denotes strong capacity to meet policyholder and contract obligations. The rating incorporates management’s prudent strategy - focused on a diverse mix of products and customers. This helped the company to sustain improvement in the, underwriting performance. Moreover, the investment management framework has been strengthened, whereby board investment committee has formulated a comprehensive investment strategy. An experienced resource has been engaged to implement the same. This is expected to bode well for the bottomline of the company, going forward. At the same time, a focused approach would be adopted to enhance the liquidityto-equity ratio from multiple sources available to the company.

Vice Chairman, Site Association of Industry Naseem Anwar has suggested that industrial units having captive power generation should be allowed to sell electricity on commercial basis. In a SOS massage to federal minister for water and power, caretaker provincial minister for industries and commerce, Presidents of FPCCI, KCCI and all chairmen of town associations and textile associations, he said that industries are already on the verge of collapse and Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC) is making efforts to put the last nails in the coffin by carrying out long hours loadshedding. He said the government should urgently allow sale of electricity on commercial basis. He mentioned that indus-

tries which are being badly affected by power outages can survive by getting electricity from these factories. He said that commercial sale of electricity is the only solution for the time being. It is worth mentioning that the industrial sector has already sounded alarm bell of massive closure of industries in Karachi if the Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC) continues 8 hours loadshedding in industrial areas causing massive unemployment and making export orders unable to be met The industrialists demanded of the KESC official to immediately restore power to all the indusial areas of the city as the load shedding would cause irreparable loss to the economy and many industries would be closed down. Industrialists expressed fear that if we once lose our hard earned export markets, the same will be lost to competitor countries.

ISLAMABAD—The government is planning to charge sales tax on the basis of printed retail price of fertiliser along with other items from next fiscal year to generate more revenue. The Federal Board of Revenue has proposed expansion in the scope of Third Schedule of the Sales Tax Act 1990 in Budget (2013-14) by encompassing more items including fertilisers for imposition of the sales tax on the basis of printed retail price from 2013-14. Presently, items chargeable to sales tax at the retail stage included fruit and vegetable juices, ice cream, aerated waters or beverages, syrups and squashes, cigarettes, toilet soap, detergents, shampoo, toothpaste, shaving cream, perfumes and cosmetics, tea, powder drink, milky drink, toilet paper and tissue paper, spices sold in retail packing with brand names and trade marks and shoe polish and shoe cream. In last budget, the FBR has

decided to expand the scope of the Third Schedule of the Sales Tax Act by including cement, fertilizers, lead batteries and bottled water in budget. However, the proposal was not incorporated in Finance Act 2012. Now, the FBR has once again forwarded the proposal to charge sales tax on the basis of printed retail price of different items. Sources said that the manufacturers have to pay sales tax on all the stages of value addition in case of consumer items having printed retail price. Under the Value Added Tax (VAT) regime, the tax is to be paid on value addition attributed to each stage, starting from manufacturing down to retail sale to the end consumer. A number of dealers, distributors and wholesalers of different consumer items are still out of tax net despite efforts to make the intermediate linkages in supply chain part of the taxation system and resultantly the tax actually chargeable at each stage on value addition is not being recovered, sources added.

Domestic cement consumption FBR may retain Rs400,000 increases by over 6pc

Oil down in Asia

KARACHI: Senator Abdul Haseeb Khan addressing at FPCCI.—PO photo by Sultan Chaki


He pointed out that in April 2013, the industry dispatched 3.123 million tons of cement that was 3.8 percent higher than the dispatches in April 2012. The spokesman stated that exports of 0.755 million tons cement in April 2013 were 2.28 percent less than the exports achieved during the corresponding period last year. However, he added, the domestic consumption of cement during the period July 2012 to April 2013 reached the level of 21 million tons depicting an increase of 6.03 percent. APCMA has appealed to the federal government to relax the axle load limit upto 10% of the maximum cargo weight on National Highways.

Crackdown continues against smuggled cigarettes

S INGAPORE —Crude prices


were lower in Asian trade Friday on a rise in US stockpiles, with the strong dollar also putting pressure on prices, analysts said. New York’s main contract, light sweet crude for delivery in June shed 49 cents to $95.90 a barrel and Brent North Sea crude for June delivery was down 41 cents to $104.06 in the afternoon. “The main downside factor on prices right now is the huge oversupply in the United States,” Kelly Teoh, market strategist at IG Markets in Singapore, told AFP. The US government’s Energy Information Administration (EIA) earlier this week said that American crude stocks rose to 395.5 million barrels in the week ending May 3, the highest level since 1982. The buildup in US supplies indicates production is outstripping demand, putting downward pressure on prices. US inventories are a vital focus for traders because the United States is the world’s biggest economy and its largest oil-consuming nation. An overnight surge in the US dollar past the 100 yen mark was also weighing on oil prices, analysts said. The greenback added to its gains in afternoon Asian trade Friday, changing hands at 101.00 yen against 100.55 yen in New York Thursday afternoon. A stronger greenback tends to curb demand for dollar-priced crude oil from buyers wielding weaker currencies.—APP

LAHORE—A special team of Directorate of Intelligence & investigation, Lahore has seized five lakh sticks of smuggled Korean cigarette brand. Officials conducted a raid near Mayo Hospital and seized 50 cartons of smuggled Korean cigarette along with a pickup LHJ 9379, which was used for the transportation. The worth of seized smuggled cigarette was Rs. 750,000 whereas duties and taxes applicable were of Rs. 925,000. The authorities are taking further action against the culprits involved. According to

details, the smuggled cigarettes cost billions of rupees loss of revenue to the national exchequer. In recent years the Korean brand Pine’s inflow has surged tremendously due to high level of smuggling in cigarette industry. Pine brand is smuggled in Pakistan through Afghanistan and Iran and also doesn’t carry mandated pictorial health warning while it is being sold illegally across Pakistan due to poor enforcement of laws. FBR to counter this problem has recently launched countrywide crackdown operation against sale of Pine and other smuggled brands.

exemption limit STAFF REPORTER

I SLAMABAD —The Federal Board of Revenue has proposed to retain basic exemption limit of Rs400,000 for salaried and business individuals in Budget. Sources told Business Recorder here on Wednesday that the basic exemption for Tax Year 2012 was Rs 350,000. This limit was enhanced to Rs 400,000 for the Tax Year 2013 in last budget. For 2013-14, the FBR has proposed the Ministry of Finance not to change the basic exemption limit of Rs 400,000 in 2013-14. The rationale behind not revising the existing limit was to avoid any further revenue loss in next fiscal year. The basic exemption limit was raised for salaried and business individuals to Rs.400,000 and reduced the existing slabs.

Boeing to build seven Dreamliners a month TOKYO—Boeing Co said it is ready to build seven 787 Dreamliners a month from midyear and is still on course for 10 per month by the end of the year. Japanese authorities gave Japan Airlines and All Nippon Airways the green light to fly the grounded Dreamliner following U.S. approval. The fuel-efficient passenger jet was grounded since midJanuary due to lithium-ion battery problems.—Newswire

PHMA built on the same model as China and Taiwan. The later economy’s growth has been due to their concentration on SME sector and making them more vibrant for the increase in their tax to GDP ratio. PHMA emphasized on developing a fool proof system in building of institutions of the country. Introducing a tax culture within business community requires good marketing strategy. Government has to understand that introducing tax reforms is like selling a new product in the market. Benefits should be introduced instead of harassment culture. In this con-

From Page 10 nection, privilege, honest and competitive personals should be recruited which can grab handsome market share as far as broadening of base is concerned. PHMA strongly condemned the SRO 98 issued by FBR on Withholding Tax (WHT) and demanded for its abolishment. At the same time the Amnesty scheme have been criticized, regarding whitening the assets of non tax payers thru foreign remittances and other unorganized means and bringing a tax evader with the status equivalent to an old and honest tax payer. Tax Credit for equity Investment for BMR (Balancing, Modernizing and Research) on

the investment of Machinery should be given in the form of credit reduction in liabilities. Audit should be conducted once in 5 years and should not be repeated on yearly basis. This will reduce mistrust between the tax payer and tax collector. Instead of Book Keeping and preserving it for five years time, the period of two years been advised. As per Sec 177 (Income Tax), the Commissioner has been empowered to call any tax payer for audit. It is suggested that, instead of commissioner, the FBR should frame acommittee under relevant law and procedure in order to select the case.

Exporters advised to take advantage of tariff cut in Canada STAFF CORRESPONDENT Industry (MCCI) here on and economic development ment was an essential corporate Investment Promotion and Pro- gations. FIPAs seek to ensure pany with on-the-ground intel- yarn, ready made garments

Wednesday. MCCI President were key components for Paki- strategy for many Canadian tection Agreements (FIPAs) to that foreign investors will not ligence and practical advice on leather products, surgical in-

M ULTAN—Canadian High Muhammad Khan Saddozai, stani competitiveness in a companies competing in today’s provide a more transparent and be treated worse than similarly this market to help you make struments and sports goods Commissioner to Pakistan Greg Giokas said that Canada had good bilateral trade relations with Pakistan and there was a great potential to extend cooperation in different sectors. He urged exporters to take advantage of the tariff cut Canada has very recently implemented as it was a big opportunity that should be tapped. Greg Giokas was speaking at the meeting of executive committee of Multan Chamber of Commerce and

Executive Committee Members Nauman Khan Ex-Senior Vice President, Ch Saim Zulfikar, Mian TanvirA Sheikh also spoke on the occasion. He said Canada was desirous of increasing its bilateral trade and investment in Pakistan to boost the economy, adding there were a number of sectors where huge potential for cooperation existed. He said livestock and agriculture were the two areas in which cooperation could lead to a win-win situation for the two countries, adding that education

globalise economy. Canada welcomed the improvement of economic and political relations between Pakistan and India which were critical to regional security and the economic future of Pakistan, he added. Canada, he said, pursued a broad range of interests in the context of bilateral relations with Pakistan including trade and investment, development cooperation, people-to-people links, regional security and defence, governance and human rights. He said international invest-

global economy. By investing abroad, companies can gain access to overseas markets, reduce input costs, secure access to key resources, acquire new technologies and provide better support to foreign customers. On the other hand, the risks of investing in a foreign country can be high. Such risks include political instability, weak legal institutions, uncertain regulatory regimes and the possibility of expropriation. For this reason, the Canadian government pursues a policy of negotiating Foreign

predictable climate for Canadian investors abroad. He explained that Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) was a bilateral agreement aimed at protecting and promoting foreign investment through legally-binding rights and obligations. FIPAs accomplish their objectives by setting out the respective rights and obligations of the countries that are signatories to the treaty with respect to the treatment of foreign investment. Typically, there are agreed exceptions to the obli-

situated domestic investors or other foreign investors; they will not have their investments expropriated without prompt and adequate compensation; and, in any case, they will not be subject to treatment lower than the minimum standard established in customary international law. As well, in most circumstances, investors should be free to invest capital and repatriate their investments and returns. The Canadian Trade Commissioner Service (TCS) in Pakistan will provide your com-

better, more timely and cost-effective decisions. He said Canada can help you successfully navigate the complexities of the market, whether youre looking to export, establish your company abroad, tackle a market access issue, pursue a joint-venture or strategic alliance, participate in global value chain, seek technology and R&D partnerships. In his welcome address Muhammad Khan Saddozai said Pakistan was exporting good quality rice, carpets, rugs, textile goods, cotton

while it was importing canola, peas, pulses, computers, CNG apparatus, and other IT equipments. He offered to establish a commercial office of Canadian High Commission in Multan as it was hub of Southern Punjab and gateway to Central Asian states (CAS). Later Shamim Ahmed Khan former president of MCCI presented a sign of Multan Chamber to the guest. The guest also saw a mini exhibition of locally prepared goods.

Lung tumor gene test predicts surgery outcomes


N ASSAY which measures the ac tivity of 14 genes in lung cancer tumors can accurately predict who will respond well to surgery and who will probably die within five years, researchers from the University of California, San Francisco, reported in The Lancet. 80% of lung cancer patients have NSCLC (nonsmall-cell lung cancer) their long term prognosis is poor, even after surgical interventions at stages I and II of the disease (early stages), the authors wrote. An assay is an analysis that is carried out to determine something. Outcomes for patients with NSCLC are generally poor because the cancer has usually spread (metastasized) without being detected. Dr Michael J Mann and Professor David M Jablons and team showed that the gene test can predict who will be cured by surgery and who will not. The test (assay) measures the activity of 14 genes within the patient’s tumor. It is carried out after surgery, and the tumor is sent to the laboratory. Gene activity patterns are analyzed, and the pathologist can rate the patient’s risk category from low, intermediate, to high. The authors explained that the assay has been extensively tested independently in two large blinded studies, soon to be published in the same journal.

The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) scientists initially created the concept of the assay. It was then developed and licenced into its present form by molecular diagnostics company, Pinpoint Genomics, Inc. Kaiser Permanente Hospitals, Northern California validated it, and then further confirmed its validity after carrying out a trial in China (China Clinical Trials Consortium). Trials in Northern California found that 71% of patients were deemed lowrisk (of dying before five years after surgery). The Chinese trial had similar results (71%). “The molecular assay was the strongest predictor of 5-year mortality compared with standard criteria such as sex, age, smoking status, tumour size, and even disease stage, and outperformed National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines used to identify high-risk patients with stage I disease. This assay provides prognostic differentiation of patients with early stage disease and might be helpful in the identification of the most appropriate application of treatment guidelines to improve clinical outcomes.” The researchers are now preparing for a prospective study, which will include those identified as high risk by the gene test.

Ambulance provider NGO alert today STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —Karachi Commissioner Shoaib Ahmed Siddiqui asked free ambulance services providers in the city to stay high alert and keep all the ambulances in fully working conditions so that any untoward situation on polls day, May 11 could be readily tackled. The Commissioner while appreciating the pivotal contributions from the voluntary ambulance services providing NGOs said that their services for the humanity were in the interests of the masses while they were also helping the state in addressing certain issues that they had taken in their hands. The Commissioner also asked management of all public and private healthcare facilities and hospitals to ensure availability of stock of emergency medicines and equipments and keep their medical equipments and sur- KARACHI: Ballot papers and other material for Election Day being loaded in buses in front of City Courts under the gical operation theatres in supervision of Pakistan Army.—PO photo by Sultan Chaki fully working order.

‘JI stages sit-in protest for army deployment’ STAFF REPORTER

Army to stay 4 metres away from sensitive polling stations IRFAN ALIGI

K ARACHI —Jamaate Islami K ARACHI —City’s civil ad-

KARACHI: Workers of Jamat-e-Islami protesting in front of Election Commission Office and demanding for security of Pak Army.—PO photo

EMA announces KESC, TCF to build schools to keep ing any available empty A K spaces adjacent to its facilimarket closed K —Karachi Electric ties to the TCF for construcMANULLAH



KARACHI—The Electronics Market Association (EMA) has announced to keep the electronics markets close following the firing incident Thursday night when two traders were injured in Saddar area. According to the announcement, the traders have decided to keep the markets shut keeping in view the current law and order situation and attack on two traders last night. On Thursday night, unknown armed men opened fire on two traders in Saddar area who were wounded and shifted to Civil Hospital. Police told that the injured traders were identified as Muhammad Shoaib, 50 and Shahrukh, 25. Further investigations into the incident are underway while initial report has been submitted in Predi police station, police told.—Online

Supply Company, as part of its Social Investment Program (SIP), has entered into a strategic alliance with The Citizens Foundation (TCF) under which the utility will make available pieces of land for construction of nonprofit primary and secondary schools in the neglected areas of the City. Basic education which is not in a good shape specially in the less developed areas invites attention of the corporate sector to lend a supporting hand for the cause of building up basic education, nation and the country on sound footings. Under this alliance, in order to provide affordable educational facilities to the children of KESC employees and surrounding communities, KESC would be provid-

tion of primary and secondary schools. KESC has already lent the first piece of land in Gulshane-Hadeed where TCF would construct a school within a year and it would be ready for admission of students in 2014. It would cater to around 1,200 children on no-profit basis. In the near future, more schools are likely to come up as a result of this arrangement. Nayyer Hussain said on this occasion: “We feel greatly blessed to support our colleagues in KESC towards building the future of their coming generations. Besides, we aspire to benefit as many students of surrounding communities as possible, with an aim to improve the lives of our customers, especially those living in remote and neglected areas.

(JI) nominated candidates for national and provincial assemblies staged a sitin protest outside the Provincial Election Commission (PEC) office Friday for army deployment at polling booths. They were of the view that the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) while not deploying the army personnel at polling booths had paved the way for ‘Thappa’ mafia. The Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) would be responsible for any untoward incident or bloodshed on Election Day, they warned. JI Sindh Chief Dr Mairaj Ul Huda Siddiqui and others also addressed the sitin participants. Dr Mairaj said that the terrorist elements had held the elections process hostage with the support of the ECP. He reiterated his party demand for army deployment at all polling booths. Asadullah Bhutto said that the JI has been raised its voice for transparent elections, but unfortunately the concerned institutions did not pay any heed towards the significant matter. If the army is not deployed at polling booths, then it should send to barracks again, he added.

ministration finalised the decision for deploying army troopers at all sensitive polling stations in the city. The deployment of Army men would be in association of the deployment of Rangers and cops. In this regard, the district South Deputy Commissioner Mustafa Jamal Qazi told Pakistan Observer that the deployment of the army men, Para-military forces and Police would be only for the polling stations


Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) on Friday slammed the ever rising levels of violence ahead of the elections, including the targeting and assassination of candidates and political workers, attacks on rallies and campaign offices and abduction of former prime minister Yousuf Raza Gilani’s son, and demanded a much improved performance from the security ap-

paratus on polling day to make the elections completely secure. In a statement issued on the eve of the general election, HRCP said: “The current elections have already become the most violent in the country’s history. Election candidates, their campaigns, rallies and political parties’ offices had been targeted across the country and more than 100 people, including candidates and political activists, had been murdered in preelection violence.

The HRCP said that the troublemakers seemed to be able to pick and choose their targets without much difficulty. The abduction of former Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani’s son from a campaign rally on Thursday was a serious issue and demonstrates the vulnerability of even the supposedly better protected politicians. It said that along with threats of mayhem by militant extremists, the ongoing propaganda by political parties and leaders against each other

has heightened emotions and stoked anger and hatred to such a degree that much more bloodshed is feared on polling day unless proper arrangements were made to prevent that. All this would be a test for the security forces that had long talked about their plans to make the elections completely secure. Their performance so far did not inspire confidence. It said that the HRCP’s acute concern on the eve of elections does not stem merely from threats and vio-

high level meeting, which the DC had presided over Friday at the office of DC South. Colonel Omer and Colonel Mansoor of Pakistan Army, Major Durrani of Pakistan Rangers (Sindh), Senior Superintendent of Police of district South and city, DC Afzal Zaidi, Additional DC-II district South Muhammad Khan Rind attended. Qazi said that the Pak Army men, Rangers and cops would remain at the polling stations till completion of votes count. Pak Army, Rangers and Police were extremely vigilant around the sensitive polling stations located in city’s district South and ready to tackle any unwanted and unto-ward situation. They would also conposition, playback singers tinue with the extended paand portrayal of emotional trolling of the city till the end scenes were considered as of voting at the polling stations, he added. excellent songs.

PPP song ‘Zara Sochna’ highly motivating: Survey STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —The elections campaign of leading political parties played a piv-otal role for motivating the voters to cast their votes in favour of respec-tive political parties. The electronic media of the country carried lengthy special paid telecast of party programmes, messages and details of their contributions for the people elections. The paid content thus telecast on private televisions in the country also involved intellectuals, poets, composers and producers of special docu-mentaries to make a vivid show of their expertise and intuition to move hearts of the audiences and viewers. As surveyed by Pakistan Observer, the paid telecast of the Pakistan Peo-ple’s Party, Pakistan Tehreek-e Insaf (PTI), Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PMLN), Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) and Jamaat-e Islami were in the loop of paid telecast. It was learnt that the listeners and critiques termed the PPP’s song “Zara Sochna” was highly motivating. The PPP paid contents telecast on TV were a proof of high-grade professionalism and the lyrics, com-

HRCP demands improved security STAFF REPORTER

already declared most sensitive. The DC said that on each sensitive polling station in the city, there would be 2 Army men, 2 Rangers and 4 cops to protect the polling station from any untoward situation. The Army men, Rangers and cops would be stationed as alert just at a distance of 4 yards from the polling station and they would be in full contact with the presiding officers and polling staffers. The decision was finalised and approved in a

lence targeting this individual or that but much more from the manner in which the violence has already impaired the fairness of the elections almost beyond repair. Violence on Elections Day would complicate the issues even further. HRCP expects that all institutions will stretch themselves to their absolute limit to ensure security of voters, candidates and polling stations on Saturday so that the people can exercise their right to choose their representatives.”

Ceremony for distribution of gold medals to students

K ARACHI —A special ceremony for distribution of gold medals to students who passed their M.Sc. and B.S. Examinations of 2012 with highest score in different subjects was organised by the Dean, Faculty of Science, University of Karachi. The Dean, Prof. Dr Shahana Urooj Kazmi, said that a total of 10 students were conferred the gold medals. They included Sana Qureshi, (M.Sc. highest marks in Plant Pathology), Nida Muti-ur- Rehman (M.Sc. First Class with highest marks in Analytical Chemistry), Farah Sadia Asghar (M.Sc. First Class Stood First) and secured highest marks in Inorganic Chemistry), Dania Ahmed (M.Sc. First Class with highest marks in Inorganic Chemistry), Mehwish (M.Sc. First Class with highest marks in Physical Chemistry), Muneeza Farooqui (M.Sc).—APP

Cure for gray hair and vitiligo found


MODIFIED pseudocatalase, a new compound that reverses oxidative stress may provide a cure for loss of skin or hair colour, i.e. gray hair or vitiligo, researchers from the United Kingdom and Germany reported in The FASEB Journal. The need to use hair dyes to cover up a classic sign of aging - gray hair may soon be a thing of the past. Scientists from the Institute for Pigmentary Disorders in association with E.M. Arndt University of Greifswald, Germany and the Centre for Skin Sciences, School of Life Sciences at the University of Bradford, United Kingdom, explained that people’s hair goes gray because of massive oxidative stress caused by a build up of hydrogen peroxide in hair follicles. This causes hair to bleach itself from the inside out. The researchers found that this massive build up of hydrogen peroxide can be reversed with a UVB-activated compound called PC-KUS, a modified pseudocatalase. The research team developed this new proprietary treatment. The authors added that PC-KUS treatment is also effective for patients with vitiligo. Vitiligo is a long-term skin problem that produces white depigmentation patches that develop and grow in certain sections of skin. Study author, Karin U. Schallreuter,

M.D., said: “To date, it is beyond any doubt that the sudden loss of the inherited skin and localized hair color can affect those individuals in many fundamental ways. The improvement of quality of life after total and even partial successful repigmentation has been documented.” Schallreuter and team analyzed 2,411 patients from several countries with vitiligo. Fifty-seven (2.4%) of them were diagnosed with SSV (strictly segmental vitiligo) and 76 (3.2%) were diagnosed with mixed vitiligo, which is SSV plus NSV (nonsegmental vitiligo). They discovered that those with SSV with a specific nerval distribution involving eyelashes and skin showed the same oxidative stress found in the much more common general NSV. General NSV is associated with decreased antioxidant capacities, including thioredoxin reductase, catalase, and the repair mechanisms methionine sulfoxide reductases. They found that PC-KUS treatment led to successful patient outcomes - patients’ pigmentation in their skin and eyelashes was restored - i.e. they recovered their original skin and hair colour. Gerald Weissmann, M.D., Editor-in-Chief of The FASEB Journal, said: “For generations, numerous remedies have been concocted to hide gray hair. but now, for the first time, an actual treatment that gets to the root of the problem has been developed.

Distribution of polling material completes L AHORE —The process of distributing of polling material including ballot papers was completed on Friday. According to a spokesman of the Election Commission of Pakistan, Punjab , presiding officers have received polling material from the returning officers. The material included ballot papers, ballot boxes, stamps and other required stationary. The Election Commission of Pakistan directed the presiding officers to stay night at the polling station for secrecy of the polling bags and meterial. Talking to APP on Friday, Public Relation Officer of the ECP Punjab Huda Gohar said that all female presideng officers, according to the ECP instructions, can appoint their attendees provided to each at polling stations with police personel who will be responsible for the safety of LAHORE: Families of missing persons of LDA Plaza fire sitting in camp as they wait for the recovery of their the polling meterials. relatives. She said that female presiding officers can stay night at their homes if night stay for them at polling stations was not possible. On the other hand, following the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) orders, the presiding officers LAHORE—Nineteen political are authorized to exercise the parties are contesting for a powers of a Magistrate of on these seats. A total of 287 candidates National Assembly seat in SALIM AHMED First Class.—APP On Friday, polling boxes, representing different political NA-125. The number of registered L AHORE —All the arrange- stationary, voter lists and other parties including independents ments have been finalised for material were handed over to are contesting in the city voters in the constituency is polling on 13 National Assem- polling officers for which ar- against 13 seats of National 429,115 which includes bly and 25 Punjab Assembly rangements were made at Dis- Assemblies and 690 candi- 239071 male voters and seats in Lahore district to be trict and Sessions Court, dis- dates for 25 Punjab Assembly 190044 female voters. The held on Saturday (today) amid trict court and town hall. The seats. Prominent among the Election Commission of Pastringent security measures polling staff had to face diffi- candidates for National As- kistan (ECP) has established culties due to hot weather con- sembly seats are: Mian Nawaz L AHORE —Two persons adopted by the law-enforcing ditions and insufficient ar- Sharif of PML-N from NA-120, 265 polling stations and 888 polling booths. agencies. were killed in clashes erupted In 2008, Khawaja Saad All the major political par- rangements. Polling officers Mian Shahbaz Sharif of PMLin the area of Shahpur took the polling material to N from NA-129, Imran Khan Rafiq of Pakistan Muslim ties i.e., PML-N, PPP, PTI, Kanjran where Murtaza and polling stations under security of PTI from NA-122, Samina Shehzad groups exchanged Jamaat-e-Islami, JUI(F), have cover of law-enforcing agen- Khalid Ghurki of PPP from NA- League (Nawaz) won the seat by securing 70,752 votes harsh words over some trifle fielded their candidates on na- cies. 130, Bushra Aitzaz of PPP from while Pakistan Peoples Party tional and provincial assemmatter. Later, rival forces In Lahore district, polling NA-124, Shafqat Mahmood of (PPP)’s started crossfire and targeted blies seats in Lahore and as stations and polling booths PTI from NA-126, Khawaja Parliamentarian Naveed Choudhry obtained per estimates, the real contest each other. have been established where Saad Rafique of PML-N from According to police is between the PML-N and PTI 3366 polling officers, 17976 NA-125, Malik Muhammad 24,592 votes and Hummayun Akhtar Khan of PML-Q got candidates on most of the NA sources, Murtaza was killed Assistant polling officers’ Pervaiz of PML-N from NA- 13,702 votes. and PA seats in Lahore dison the spot while Shehzad alongwith others will perform 123, Dr Yasmeen Rashid of PTI The candidates include sustained injuries they tricts. A large number of inde- duties. There are 4,410,095 from NA-120, Liaquat Balouch started crossfire at each oth- pendents are also in the run registered voters including of Jamaat-e-Islami from NA- Khawaja Saad Rafique of Pakistan Muslim League ers. The injured was shifted 2,515,400 female in the Lahore 126, Farid Piracha of Jamaat-e- (Nawaz), Muzaffar Ali Bhatti to Jinnah Hospitalwhere buldistrict who will decide about Islami from NA-121, Hamid of Pakistan Muslim League lying armed men shot him their elected representatives. Khan of PTI from NA-125. (J).—APP dead and escaped the site of occurrence. Doctors and paramedical L AHORE —General Election staff stopped serving pa- 2013 is expected to set new tients as a protest against trends in the electoral hisbarbarism.—INP tory of Pakistan in which voters would vote for manifesto and performance rather than personality, caste and tribes. PTI candidate from NAL AHORE —A strong contin- 126 Shafqat Mehmood, while gent of Punjab police com- talking to APP here Friday, prising 265,304 personnel said the literate youth are has been deployed at 40,221 more conspicuous agents of polling station across the change and have been supprovince to help conduct fair, porting and promoting the free and impartial election. cause of youth. “Gone are the days when A high level meeting was held here at Central Police voters were treated as comOffice on Friday to finalize modities and followed the election arrangements pre- mass-mind, today the voters sided over by Inspector Gen- stand intellectually liberated eral of Police Punjab Aftab and aware of their rights”, he responded. Sultan. The revolutionary mesThese security personnel including 112,593 police offi- sage and two-decades long cials, 23,688 razacars and political struggle of Pakistan 129,023 officials of special Tehreek-i-Insaaf Chairman police force while 508 teams Imran Khan has liberated the of Elite Police Force will re- masses and educated them main at polling stations for regarding their rights, he said.—APP security duty.—APP

All set for elections on 13 NA, 25 PA seats in Lahore Distt

Rival groups’ crossfire claims two lives

Epoch-making election: PTI

LAHORE: Federal Minister for Interior Malik Mohammad Habib Khan talking to media after enquiring the health of Imran Khan, Chairman PTI.

Democracy best system of governance in world: VC STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —In present times, democratic system of government is the best in the world and free and fair elections are vital factor for successful democracy. Vice Chancellor Punjab University Prof Dr, Mujahid Karman here Friday while chairing a roundtable conference on the “Vote Awareness Campaign” conducted by the Chairperson Political Science Department, Punjab University Prof Dr Umbreen Javaid, he said that there is no doubt that 12th general elections are going to be held in Pakistan on May 11 which he added is necessary part of democracy and in prevailing scenario worldwide, democratic system of government is considered to be the best. Pakistan is passing

through a critical phase of its history and now it is time for all voters to exercise their right of franchise in all circumstances in the forthcoming polls to a candidates of their choice. The VC said that there is a dire need that electorate must come out of their homes on the day of polling because turnout is less than other democratic countries. Dr Umbreen Javaid said that Political Science Department on the special directive of VC Prof Dr Mujahid Kamran has initiated an “Election Awareness Campaign” to create awareness among the voters about the value of their votes in strengthening the

democratic system of government in Pakistan. She said that nearly 45 banners inscribed with the importance of vote have been displayed at all important points of within varsity jurisdiction. Muhammad Izhar Ul Haq,an intellectual from Islamabad said that world over holding of big public meetings never reflect the popularity graph of the political parties. The people listen to the point of views of other political leaders but finally the voters always make up their mind in view of the previous contribution of the government for the welfare.

265,304 police officials deployed

Presiding officers to spend night at polling stations L AHORE —The

Election Commission of Pakistan on Friday directed presiding officers to stay at night at polling stations for the secrecy of material. Talking to APP on Friday, ECP Punjab PRO Huda Gohar said all female presiding officers could appoint their attendees at polling stations with police personel who will be responsible for the safety of polling material. She said that female presiding officers could stay night at their homes if the night stay for them at polling stations LAHORE: Army personnel stand guard during distribution of general election related was not possible.—APP material among poling staff a day ahead of general election at Town Hall.

19 candidates vie for NA-125 seat

e-Paper May 11, 2013  
e-Paper May 11, 2013  

e-Paper May 11, 2013