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Premiership no priority:Nawaz ‘Country comes first for me’ STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Pakistan Muslim

ECP finalises security plan for elections ISLAMABAD—The Election Commission has finalized security plan for the election day. According to the plan‚ Pakistan Army will remain on stand-by to act as quick response force. About 30‚000 soldiers will be deployed in the quick response force to deal with any emergency situation on the polling day. According to the plan security personnel on all polling stations throughout the country will be deployed on 10th of this month. Seven security personnel will be deployed on sensitive polling stations while 4 personnel will be deputed on

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League-Nawaz (PML-N) President Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif Wednesday reiterated that Premiership was not his destination, instead, he wants to drag the country out of all challenges and crisis. Addressing business community of twin cities here, Nawaz said that traders, industrialists and businessmen are the backbone of country’s economics. He said when his party would come in power, all financial policies would be planned ISLAMABAD: President PML-N Mian Nawaz Sharif addressing the members of business community during a reception by consultation with business community. on Wednesday.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir Former Prime Minister said that Pakistan needs experienced leadership to bring out the country from the problems facing by the country today, adding that the 11 May would be the day PML-

PTI to stop operation in Balochistan: Imran

Benazir was not killed by Taliban: PTI chief

Plots to attack Army: 5 inmates being probed

LORALAI—Imran Khan Chair- added. PTI Chief said that the the same educational curriculum


man Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf has biggest issue is terrorism , which said that PTI, after coming into power would abolish military operation in Balochistan as the bullet is not the solution of any problem. Speaking a public rally here on Wednesday , he said that PTI would transform the country into welfare state , where justice would be dispensed without any discrimination. He said local bodies polls would be held in the country as soon as possible . “:We would not allocate development funds to any MNA or MPA but the problems would be resolved would be dealt with mutual conthrough local bodies”, Khan sultation. PTI would implement

China offers to Sarabjit’s family step back a returns home bit, India L —The dejected family of Indian prisoner insists on full Sarabjit Singh, who was attacked in Kot Lakhpat Lahore withdrawal jail last week returned to India AHORE

via Wagah Border on Wednesday as the condition of the Indian prisoner remained highly critical amid reports that he is brain dead. A visibly distraught Sarabjit’s sister Dalbir Kaur told newsmen at Wagah border that she was returning to India to take care of Sarabjit’s children. She demanded that Pakistan should hold an inquiry as to how Sarabjit’s security was compromised and he was subsequently attacked with bricks and iron rods. “If the attack was planned by the government itself then there is no need for an inquiry. But if Sarabjit was attacked without the

NEW D ELHI—Indian Army soldiers crossed over into Chinese territory at the Spanggur gap near Chushul to participate in Labour Day celebrations, Indian media reported on Wednesday. This is a tradition at the border on May 1, but this year it comes amid a stand-off about 100 km away in Ladakh, provoked by Chinese troops setting up camp 19 kms within Indian territory on April 15. Earlier on Tuesday, at a third flag meeting between army commanders from both countries, the Chinese report-

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through out the country. Imran said that the people would lay foundation stone of “New Pakistan” on 11 May . He urged the youth to come out from their homes on election day and ensure to cast their vote. Meanwhile, in a startling claim, Imran Khan has said that former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto was not killed by the Taliban. Speaking in an interview with British newspaper The Daily Telegraph, the PTI chief said that Bhutto had been “clearly killed by people worried she was go-

RAWALPINDI—Pakistan’s secret agencies are probing five prisoners for allegedly plotting attacks on Army convoys and senior military officers, said a news report published Wednesday. According to the report published by BBC Urdu, a civilian intelligence agency has shifted the five prisoners, detained at Bahawalpur and Adiala prisons for the past three years, to unknown locations for investigation. The detainees are suspected of having links with the outlawed Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) Continued on Page 6 and feared Ghazi Force militant groups. According to the BBC report, the prisoners are being probed for involvement in plots to attack military targets, as well as conspiring to abduct senior military officials and their famparties especially the Muttahida STAFF REPORTER ily members. Qaumi Movement (MQM). Continued on Page 6 Shah told Bilawal that the KARACHI—Pakistan People’s liberal political parties were fully Party (PPP) chief patron Bilawal Bhutto Zardari said that there were some hidden forces that wanted to keep the liberal political parties away from the electoral process so that they could KARACHI—A Navy sailor was hijack the elections. shot and killed in Kharadar area Bilawal said that despite the earlier on Wednesday According fact that the frustrated forces and to police, Navy sailor Zahid Iqbal terrorists were fully organised was targeted when he was standagainst the liberal forces, the libing beside a shoe-maker near eral forces would ultimately deEdhi head office. feat the terrorists and their vested Zahid Iqbal is the second plans would never be allowed to staffer of Pakistan Navy killed be imposed on the people. this year. Lt. Commander He was talking to the PPP Azeem of Pakistan Navy was Sindh President Syed Qaim Ali determined to stay united and de- also shot and wounded near Shah on phone Wednesday. Karachi Port in February, and Shah on the occasion ap- feat the terrorists. Bilawal asked Shah to fur- later succumbed to his wounds prised Bilawal of the electoral campaign in the province and ther strengthen the coordination after remaining in coma for couple of days.—Online coordination with other political with the MQM and ANP.

Bilawal asks Qaim to boost ties with ANP, MQM

Naval officer shot dead

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US asks India, Pak to restrain nuke, missile programmes WASHINGTON—Expressing concern over the continuing buildup of nuclear weapons in South Asia, the US has asked India and Pakistan to restrain their nuclear and missile programmes and play a positive role in the global nonproliferation community, American media reported on Wednesday. “The United States remains deeply concerned by the dangers posed by the continuing buildup of nuclear weapons

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We paid a very high price in Afghanistan: Cameron LONDON—British Prime Min- mittance back in March that the NATO forces had failed to “es- fund “large-scale support proister David Cameron has admitted that Britain has “paid a very high price” in Afghanistan after the Ministry of Defence (MoD) confirmed new casualties in the Asian country.The MoD earlier announced that three British soldiers had been killed in a roadside bomb attack on their vehicle in the Afghan province of Helmand. The deaths take the number of British troops who have been killed in Afghanistan since October 2001 to 444.Cameron’s comment follows MoD’s ad-

Afghan campaign is “unwinnable in military terms”. During his interview, Cameron also echoed the MoD’s position that the British forces’ continued presence in the country until the end of 2014, is aimed at helping the security of the Asian nation. “It is important work because it is vital that that country doesn’t again become a haven for terrorists, terrorists that can threaten us here in the UK,” he said.The ministry found in an internal study back in May that

tablish control over the insurgents’ safe havens” or to “protect the rural population”. However, the report by the MoD’s think tank, the Development, Concepts and Doctrines Centre, tried to set the stage for non-military occupation of Afghanistan even after a British military withdrawal planned for 2014. It said that Afghanistan “will be left with a severely damaged and very weak economic base” after the pull-out stressing such a situation leaves western countries obliged to

grams” for many years. Afghanistan, however, has dismissed London’s claim that they are staying in the country due to security reasons. During a visit to London back in February, Afghan President Hamid Karzai criticized Britain’s role in his country saying the security situation in the Afghan province of Helmand was better before British forces went there.”In 2002 through 2006, Afghanistan had a lot better security. —Press TV

N’s victory. He said that Parvez Musharraf is responsible for electricity crisis but President Asif Ali Zardari also did nothing for the solution of the problem because the priorities of the PPP government was not progress of country rather its priority was corruption. Nawaz said that electricity is not available for 20 hours in the area, adding that the industry has been closed, and children are unable to study. He said that President Zardari has done nothing for the ending of electricity crisis during the past five years, adding that the rulers have filled their pockets through corruption, adding that the ministers were also involved in this matter. He said that the load shedding of the electricity was the gift of the Parvez Musharraf but why President Zardari failed to re-

solve the issue during the past five years. He said that the priorities of the government during the past five years were otherwise. He said that there was no load shedding, unemployment, unrest in Karachi and Balochistan and there were no terrorist incidents during the PML-N governments. He said that the gas and electricity was available for the masses and Pakistan was at the top of the progress in whole region, adding that today Pakistan is behind from all countries in progress. He said that the condition of country has been changed, adding that the PML-N will take the country again on the position where it had left in 1999. He said that the masses should consider who has served the masses and established dams and motorways during the past tenures.

Domestic, int’l forces conspiring against left-wingers ANP-PPP-MQM joint press conference IRFAN ALIGI KARACHI—The Awami Nation Party (ANP), the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) and the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) had again reiterated not to bow down to the extremist forces that wanted to keep them out of the electoral process. These three parties that declare them liberal and left-winger held a joint press conference at Mardan House Wednesday. Although the three liberal and secular political parties had not yet announced formally if they had formed an alliance, but their stances that they had showed in past few days was a vivid sign that the three parties had joined hands to contest the polls against the right-wingers

and it could be possible if they take any major step in coming few days especially for revision of seat adjustments in certain electoral constituencies in Karachi. The Mardan House press conference was jointly addressed by ANP Sindh President Senator Shahi Sayed, the MQM Coordination Committee deputy Convener Dr Farooq Sattar and former Federal Interior Minister and representative of the PPP, Abdul Rehman Malik. Taking a lead while addressing the press conference, Sayed said that the country was passing through serious threats for its solidarity and despite the fact that the political parties had different manifestos but they were then united against the extremism and

for the sake of integrity of the country. “We had buried our internal political conflicts and leaders of three parties, President Asif Ali Zardari, Asfand Yar Wali and Altaf Hussain had reached a consensus to combat the extremism with unity”, he said. He said that it was now clear that the country was divided into bi-polar political system, the right-wingers and the left-wingers and the ANP, the MQM and the PPP represented the later. There were some forces that wanted to bring Taliban-backed forces into powers and drive the liberal and anti-Taliban political forces out from the political scene. He urged the religious

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Shikarpur: Suicide bomber attacks NPP candidate; 2 hurt JUI rally, PML-N office attacked OUR CORRESPONDENT SHIKARPUR—National Peoples Party (NPP) candidate for NA202 Dr Ibrahim Jatoi and an independent candidate Allah Dino Umrani were targeted in separate incidents in Shikarpur and Dera Murad Jamli respectively, however, both of them remained unhurt. Ibrahim Jatoi said a suicide bomber blew himself up at Toll

US concerned over pre-election violence

Plaza when he was on his way said that all of his companions from Khanpur to Shikarpur. He remained unhurt but his car was completely destroyed. The police also confirmed the suicide attack in which two people sustained injuries. A head and other body parts of the suicide bomber were found from the site of the incident, police said. QUETTA—Supporters and rela- Police and rangers have launched tives of Abdul Fateh Magsi, the search operation in the area.

National Highway blocked over Magsi’s killing Continued on Page 6

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Pak Navy ship PNS Saif to arrive at Port Klang on 6th

KUALA L UMPUR—Pakistan ticipate in various events, includWASHINGTON —The United Navy Ship PNS SAIF, the third ing friendly soccer/volleyball States has expressed its concern over violence and condemned the act of terror that have targeted politicians and their supporters during the electoral campaign in Pakistan. It also condemned the recent statements by militant groups indicating their intent to disrupt Pakistan’s democratic process. Acting State Department spokesman Patrick Ventrell replying to questions during briefing on Tuesday said the US sup-

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ship of SWORD Class F-22 P Frigates will arrive at Port Klang on 6th May on Goodwill cum Training trip. PNS SAIF was built in Shanghai China and inducted into the Pakistan Navy Fleet in November 2010. It is equipped with the stateof-the-art modern weapons and sensors and also carries a AntiSubmarine Z-9EC Helicopter. The ship is capable of surviving a multi-threat environment and of operating independently as a Task Force. While berthed at Port Klang, PNS SAIF will par-

matches with RMN, undertaking voluntary community welfare activities in Orphanage, visits to places of interests and official commitments. The ship will be also opened for the visitors including the Pakistani and local community on 08 May 2013. A PASSEX is also planned during the return journey with RMN Ships. Mr. Shahid M. G. Kiani, High Commissioner for Pakistan to Malaysia has welcomed the visit of PNS SAIF and hoped that this

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Labour convention in AJK soon Nawaz addresses Talagang meeting on Sunday SHAFFAAT MALIK T ALAGANG —The Chief of

JI asks US military to stay away from Pak politics M HALEEM ASAD TIMERGARA—The Jamaat-iIslami deputy chief and PK95 candidate Sirajul Haq on Wednesday accused the Nato Generals in Kabul of making conspiracy to block way for religious people to come in power corridors. Addressing a big party meeting at Mayar Jandol, Mr Siraj alleged that one of his reliable sources at Kabul confirmed that Nato generals in this regard had held a meeting wherein directives were issued to subordinates to support secular and liberal

parties in Pakistani elections. The JI Jandol chapter had organized the function which was attended by more than 10,000 party workers, ulema and elders of the area. The JI candidate for NA-34 Sahibzada Yaqub Khan, district chief and former MNA Maulana Asadullah, Izazul Mulk Afkari and others also spoke on the occasion. Siraj said that May 11 election was a contest between Islam and the agents of America. Warning Nato Generals, the JI leader asked them to stay away

from Pakistan politics. “We are not satisfied with the Pakistan foreign policy and will revive it when came in powers,” Siraj said and added that previous rulers had been running the state under the US policies. He said that friendly relations with the Islamic world would be established while efforts would also be made for a single currency in the Islamic world. The JI leader said the JI was determined to establish ‘khilafat-e-Rashida’ rule in Pakistan so that people could get easy and cheap justice. He said a micro fi-

nancing scheme for youth had been planned to provide them interest free loans for small projects. He said that sports stadium would also be constructed to engage youth in healthy activities. Accusing the ANP and PPP he said that roads, bridges, schools and colleges were left on the mercy of Allah because no one wanted to resolve people’s problems. He said the ANP led provincial government badly failed to restore peace in the region and that was why the then chief minister Ameer Haider Khan Hoti had

Pakistan Muslim League (N) and former prime minister Nawaz Sharif will address a public meeting in Talagang on Sunday at 3 pm. This address will be held at local administration’s designated place for public gatherings near new Lari Ada. All preparations have been completed, according to PML N sources. PML-N local leadership’s expectation are very high and they believe that this address will play a key role in upcoming elections. PML-N is not having the same support this time which they used to have in this area. Ch Pervaiz Ellahi is a serious threat to PML-N’s Sardar Mumtaz Tamman and PTI’s Sardar Mansoor Hayat Tamman. Both Tammans have won this constituency but this time it is very hard for both of them. Imran Khan’s address in Talagang couldn’t change the political scenario. The crowd was charged but was not in huge numbers. Sardar Ghulam Abbas, independent candidate who is also enjoying the support of PMLQ, is another challenge for PML-N in PP-22 where PTI have got reasonable presence in the constituency. There will be tough contest in PP-23 as well. Malik Zahoor Anwar Awan, former MPA, (unification block) and now PML-N’s candidate is facing Sardar Amjad Ilyas of PML-Q and PTI’s Col (r) Sultan Surkhro. Col (r) Sultan and Malik Zahoor Awan have won this constituency in 2002 and in 2008 respectively. Sardar Ghulam Abbas, ex-District Nazim and inde- LOWER DIR: Jamaat-e-Islami Deputy Chief, Sirajul Haq addressing a public meeting at Jandool. pendent candidate from PP22, have got ample support in entire area. He is supporting PML-Q and that can play some role on May 11.

candidate Electioneering soaring to new ANP escapes firing Hala Division to heights with each passing day attack in Mangora have irrigation

water rotation H YDERABAD —The Executive Engineer Hala Division Tuesday announced the implementation of water rotation programme due to shortage of water in Rohri Canal. According to announcement, water supply to Massu Minor-I, Punnu Minor, Saeed Khan Shakh and Rahuki Shak of Massu SubDivision has been stopped from April 30, 2013 till May 7, 2013. Water will be available in these systems From May 7, 2013 to May 15, 2013. Similarly, water supply to Jam Shakh, Miano Minor, Husri Shakh and Massu Minor-II will continue from April 30 till May 7 while from May 7 till May 15 the supply of water will be closed in these systems. In Shahdadpur Sub-Division, water supply will continue from April 30 till May 7, 2013 in Dos Rohri Main Canal from RD-693 to RD-806, Sarhari Minor and Odhiyano Shakh while from May 7 to May 15, the supply of water will be closed in these systems.—APP

SWAT—Another Awami NaBASHIR AHMAD RAHMANI of his candidates and de- Rescue-1122 source, 28-year- tional Party candidate for proclared that they would not old Javed alias Jaida of vil- vincial assembly seat in comHAFIZABAD—As the election forget his services for up- lage Dull Wahab (Sukheke ing election escaped terror at-

is nearing, battle of nerves between political stalwarts is reaching new heights with each passing day. In the rural area like Hafizabad biradaris always played vital role in the general election and so both the arch rivals Ch. Afzal Hussain Tarar of PML-N and Ch. Mehdi Hassan Bhatti group leader of Independent candidates were vying to muster support of maximum clans. Recently Ch. Mehdi has succeeded in winning the support of powerful councillor of Garhi Awan Malik Ghulam Hussain Sharoo, President Sabzi Mandi Mehr Arshad, Rehmani and Arain Biradary’s Rana Akbar Ali President DBA, ex-Nazim Seth Ishaq Ansari, exNazim Ishaq Javed and Malik Tariq Javed, leader of Christian Community. He was given warm welcome when he and his group candidates visited Main Bazar inside old city and all the shopkeepers particularly jewellers showered rose petals and distributed sweets and raised slogans in favour

grading Hafizabad tehsil to district level and other development projects particularly provision of gas. He thanked the traders for showing their love and affection for him and his group’s candidates. ***** Barrister Syed Wasim-ulHassan Naqvi of JUP, son of prominent religious scholar of Pakistan late Syed Shabbir Hussain Shah Hafizabadi and confidant of Mian Nawaz Sharif who is contesting election as an independent from PP-105 has declared that the masses would bury feudal and capitalists on May 11. Addressing corner meeting at Kashmir Nagar, Bahawalpura, Jilanipura, Lakhia and Dhingranwali, he appealed to the electorates to cast their votes to honest and educated candidates so as to protect the rights of poor and downtrodden people. ***** A prominent Kabaddi player of Hafizabad was killed in a road mishap on Wednesday. According to

Mandi) was on way to his village on his motorcycle when a donkey-cart hit his bike, resultantly he sustained fatal injuries and was removed to a hospital where he succumbed to his injuries. ***** May Day was observed here under the auspices of Powerloom Workers Union. The participants of the rally also took out a mock funeral of GEPCO to protest against everincreasing duration of loadshedding which had made their lives absolutely miserable. The rally was led by Muhammad Zaman Ansari, President of the Union which was attended by large number of workers. The rally participants holding banners and flags paraded the main thoroughfares and terminated in Fawara Chowk where Zaman Ansari called upon the workers to forge greater unity to get their rights. He demanded decrease in the duration of loadshedding to enable the workers to earn their livelihood peacefully.

been running his election campaign secretly. “We will overcome the power crisis and provide free education and health facilities, drinking water and electricity to each house in Dir Lower if elected,” Mr Haq said, adding that work on Mayar Asmar (Afghanistan), Balambat Irrigation Scheme and construction of three stadiums in Jandol would be resumed. Earlier workers of the JI from Munda, Samar Bagh and Maskini while waving party flags marched on the roads and reached the Mayar Khwar in procession.

Photography workshop S WAT —A one-day training workshop on photography held here on Wednesday at the University of Swat for students of Journalism and Mass Communication. The workshop, organized by the Department of Journalism and Mass Communication Swat University, was conducted by a trainer from Peshawar.—APP

Labourers salary upped to 9,000 per month Wedding expenses raised to Rs 1 lakh STAFF REPORTER MAZAFFARABAD—The Prime Minister Azad Jammu and Kashmir has announced to hold labor convention in AJK adding that every laborer would get Rs.9000 as salary per month from July first this year, a pension and one hundred thousand rupee grant for their daughters’ wedding . The Prime Minister announced these incentives while addressing gathering on International Labors’ Day here in Central Press Club Muzaffarabad on Wednesday. AJK ministers Syed Bazil Ali Naqvi, Srdar Javed Ayub, Chairman Developmetn Aurthority Muzaffarabad Asad Habib Awan, Administrator Municipal Corporation Mubarak Haider, President PSF Syed Ali Raza, Media Advisor Shokat Javed, Shaiq Gillani and others has

addressed. Chief organizer labor wing Shujat kazmi presided over the ceremony. The AJK premier also announced to constitute a committee for revival of students union in AJK however, he asked the students to follow code of conduct. He maintained that Pakistan People’s Party enabled the downtrodden classes to raise their voice. “Pakistan People’s Party salutes the struggle of the workers of Chicago: Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto gave rights to labors, Shaheed Bibi took substantial measures for working class’ prosperity and development”, he added. Mr. Majeed observed that President Zardari continued the vision and policy of Bhuttos saying Pakistan People’s Party would never compromise on its faith and ideology. The premier said his government believed in welfare of the people.

Reinstatement of sacked Kalash Border Police demanded GUL HAMAAD FAROOQI CHITRAL—One hundred and two border police were compulsory retired from government service with effect from April 3, 2013, and some 15 border police staff belonging to Kalash community were also affected by this decision of provincial government. Having unique culture of the world Kalash people attract world tourists but personally they are leading very miserable life. An old lady from Kalash community at Birir village, Dinar Bibi, told Pakistan Observer that they have no source of income except employment in border police or civil forces. During visit to houses of these 15 affected Kalash staff of border police this scribe found their children facing starvation and mostly get nothing to eat or to continue their education because of stoppage of salaries of their

fathers. Their family members told this scribe that they were sacked by the provincial government but they were not informed timely by the then deputy commissioner of Chitral Rahmatullah Wazir to do something for their jobs. An affected sepoy Sher Azam showed some documents to this scribe that they were allowed by States and Frontier Regions Ministry to draw police pay scale and other benefits on their transfer to federal government in the year of 1976 but they were still deprived of their genuine right. Most of Kalash (NonMuslim minority) people depend upon border police employment and gain their livelihood. Subedar Nasrullah said that staff serving in police and other departments have the benefit to employee their sons on their quota but these 102 border police staff were not given any benefit to

recruit their sons in border police as their substitute. Retired Havaldar Marik kalash said that they were living in far flung and remote localities of Birir, Rumbor and Bumborate where there is no facilities and no other source of income except keeping cattle and serving in border police and civil forces but were compulsory retired and their livelihood was snatched. Some old women said that they were facing great problems and thier children were also suffering from starvation and mostly eat dry bread without any other thing. They said that a few years back a Greek volunteer was kidnapped by Taliban who was supporting Kalash community and after that no European donor came back to the valley. It means that our border needs more staff to be deployed to protect them from Afghan Taliban and invaders, she added.

tack in Mangora on Wednesday, officials said. Wajid Ali Khan, ANP candidate contesting election from PK-80 constituency, was attacked when unknown gunmen opened fire at his campaign office in Mangora city, local police said adding the ANP leader who is former provincial minister escaped the attack. ANP is among three leftist parties which were threatened and have been attacked by terrorists. Several deadly blasts have occurred in the KP province recently, killing ANP workers. Earlier on Monday, a suicide bomber killed at least eight people and wounded 45 other when he rammed his motorcycle into a bus on University road near Azam Tower in Peshawar. As general elections creep close, militants boosted their attacks on political leaders and workers in three provinces where dozens of peoples including election candidates have been killed in targeted attacks.—Online MULTAN: Students lit the clay lamp to mark the Youm-e-Shuhda at Yadgar-e-Shuhda.

PPP lines up new knights in election battle to reclaim ‘Mini Larkana’ DR M RAMZAN RANA T AXILA —The Pakistan People’s party has lined up two new knights in the elections battle to reclaim the historical city of Taxila, once known as “Mini Larkana” as PPP clinched seats from the area many times due to presence of huge, intact, all times tested ideological vote bank. As PPP leadership attempting to defend their turf against an onslaught of factors and forces: the woes of incumbency, the myriad tales of corruption, divided leaderships and the rise of political challengers who were absent or weak in 2008 elections have filed two new knights including Justice

(retd) Syed Intikhab Shah for National Assembly constituency NA-53 (Rawalpindi - IV), Safeer Khan for Wah Cantonment PP-8 (Rawalpindi-VIII) with an old guard Ch Kamran Ali Khan, provincial assembly constituency PP-7 (Rawalpindi- VII) who are highly localized drivers of politics in the area. Although new on political arena and first time election contester, former Justice, Islamabad High Court, Syed Intikhab Shah who has given boost to party election campaign and given soul to the party which even remained dead during party’s five-year tenure. Due to his entry, the party has been once again activated. The PPP candi-

dates, especially in the rural areas of the constituency have set its election campaign in motion to boost the morale of its activists, who were foreseeing an anti-PPP wave in the general elections. It has been observed that PPP candidates are using all available tactics during their campaigns to bag votes from the residents of their respective constituencies. The PPP candidates without participation of frontline leaders have started their election campaign with focusing on not to violate the election code of conduct announced by the Election Commission of Pakistan. These candidates are going door-to-door and shop-to-

shop to woo voters in rural and urban parts of the constituency. They are also busy holding corner meetings of party workers at various places in their respective constituencies. However, no party bigwig has yet announced holding public meeting ahead of the forthcoming general elections. Political observers are of the view that the inordinate delay in finalization of names of the candidates was badly affecting the party political position in the provincial assembly constituency of PP8, Wah Cantt. Haji Dildar Khan, who has strong roots and political power in the rural areas of Taxila and Wah Cantonment

with intact individual vote bank association have parted ways with PML-N as his name was not announced for the party ticket for provincial assembly seat. He termed the decision of Ch Nisar to contest polls for National as well as provincial assembly seat un-realistic and “dictatorial”. Due to poor health, the man who remained with the PMLN for several years launched his nephew Safeer Khan for upcoming polls with the PPP flag this time to give boost to party ideological vote bank. The local leaders said that issue of load shedding would affect the PPP candidates vote bank despite the fact that PP-7 was a rural con-

stituency where Ch Kamran Ali Khan has strong personal and clan vote bank. As he belongs to Chakri area of Rawalpindi district where voters usually vote for clanassociation and other local groupings but the media had created the awareness among the masses. Ch. Muhammad Kamran Ali Khan contested 2008 elections as an Independent candidate and bagged 19,918 votes but failed to get elected as he was not given party ticket. While in 2002 election, he also contested as an independent candidate and came into power by clinching 35,583 votes and joined PML-Q camp and served as provincial parliamentary secretary

for revenue for five years during Musharraf era. Political observers are of the view that PPP which needs an aggressive campaign to face the PML-N and PTI in urban as well as rural areas of the constituency and it is high time speed up its electoral drive with the participation of the frontline leadership to counter its major opponent that was already going in top gear. As so far no central leader has addressed in the electioneering drive of the party candidates, the election campaign of party is not in top gear as mainstream political parties in a bid to establish their maximum presence in the electoral arena have accelerated their electoral campaigns

despite security threats. Rafeeq Butt, an old PPP jayala, commenting on PPP electioneering drive, said that the voters loyal to PPP choose party rather than candidates, therefore a delay in the announcement of final candidates or launching late electioneering drive in the three constituencies of the area does not really matter as party ideological vote bank is intact. Political observers viewed that PPP here could come into mainstream and in contesting position with other major political parties like PML-N and PTI only if the central leaders come forward and join the candidates electioneering drive and motivate the supporters.

Kayani deepens nation’s faith in democracy


Pakistan’s dangerous polls


N his one of the most inspiring speeches on Tuesday on the occasion of Martyrs Day, Army Chief General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani touched upon a number of critical and fundamental issues and conveyed categorical messages all around that can be construed as pearl of wisdom because of their far-reaching importance. Apart from relaying signals that his institution wanted to transmit to different directions, he also made statements that the nation wanted to hear from him. It was necessarily a defence related gathering and that is why the COAS thought it appropriate not only to boost morale of those who sacrificed their kiths and kins for the sake of national defence and reiterated the oft-repeated resolve to defend the motherland at all costs but also emphasized the need to thwart designs of internal and external enemies of the country through collective efforts. The resolve to fight out terror to the end would surely convey a clear cut message to militants and those harbouring them that they will ultimately have to accept the writ of the state. But the most striking feature of the speech of General Kayani related to elections and democracy, a theme on which he dwelt comparatively at length and he tried to set things in their right perspective. General elections are a few days ahead but unfortunately still attempts are being made by some circles and quarters to create confusion whether or not these would ultimately be held and that is why the categorical assurance of the Army Chief that elections would be held on May 11 and that the Army would extend all possible assistance to ensure their conduct in free, fair and peaceful manner has widely been hailed by people of Pakistan. This, coupled with Tuesday’s reiteration by Chief Justice of Pakistan Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhary that polls won’t be delayed come what may would surely assuage apprehensions and fears in this regard and throw a pall of ice on those who are still conspiring to derail the democratic process. Similarly, his utterances of support for the democratic process are not hollow words as during the last five years he proved his credentials in this regard by conveying subtle message on different occasions that the chapter of interruptions and interventions is closed. However, General Kayani is perfectly right when he cautions politicians that mere retribution would not end the saga of hide and seek between democracy and dictatorship until and unless democracy delivers as per expectations of the masses.

Aren’t candidates over-spending? T

HERE can be no two opinions that public meetings, rallies, posters, banners, loudspeaker, and slogans are beauty of the electioneering and play an important part in motivating people especially those sitting on edges to make a final choice. All this has to happen within the limits imposed by the law but regrettably even a cursory look would reveal that the rules and code of conduct are being flouted brazenly by parties and candidates. The restrictions imposed by the law are not without justification as the objective is to contain the election expenses so that ordinary people could also contest polls. But the way the electioneering is being done by candidates and parties even during these elections makes mockery of the law and the code and conveys a clear message that contesting election is a luxury that only wealthy people can afford. If other violations are set aside and attention is focused on media campaign by some parties and candidates, it would make obvious that they are spending much more than allowed by the law. Party ads are run countless times daily on different channels while full page colour advertisements of some parties almost regularly appear in newspapers. Similarly, posters and banners more than the prescribed size and number are seen on highways, roads and even streets of constituencies besides party flags and hoardings. It seems that the Election Commission is enjoying slumber after issuing the code.

China focuses Ladakh in right perspective S

ITUATION on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) between China and India witnessed some flaring up of tension in the last couple of weeks as New Delhi accused the Peoples Liberation Army of sneaking into the Indian side by nineteen kilometres and setting up camps in Daulat Beg Oldi forward sector in Ladakh region. On the other hand the Chinese Ministry of National Defence has stated that media reports of Chinese border troops, military planes and helicopters crossing the Line of Actual Control into Indian side are not true. The Chinese spokesperson said their border defence troops always strictly abide by the relevant agreements reached by the two governments and are committed to safeguarding peace and tranquillity in the border area between China and India. India raised the alarm bell last month by claiming that the Chinese troops established posts inside its territory while China says the territory belongs to it. The area is one of the issues which are unsettled in this region and the claimants have divergent views. Ladakh has a strategic value and on the face of it China has adopted the right approach by asserting its control and fluttering the banner that reads, “ You are in Chinese side”. Pakistan too, in a sense, is concerned because the Silk Route passed through this area in the old times. There exists a wide gap between India and China over the border issue and their interpretations of where the Line of Actual Control lies still differ. We hope that the two countries and the world will see the issue in the right perspective and every effort is made to resolve the border issue through peaceful means as tension with all the dangers of a flare up is not in the interest of the two countries and the region.

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Enemies of democracy As long as the military ruler ruled the country without acthe services of politiAsif Haroon Raja quiring cians, output remained at Email: peak. In its bid to acquire legitimacy by giving a façade of democracy, each military ndia’s unabated belligerence ruler inducted the same lot of conforced both civil and military demned politicians in his governregimes to remain India focused ment. The mix whitewashed whatand to turn Pakistan into a security ever achievements were made and state. It in turn retarded economic and brought bad name to the Army. The PML-N blames Gen democratic growth. National security and unresolved Kashmir dispute be- Musharraf for inflicting a severe blow ing of prime concern enabled the to the burgeoning democracy. It formilitary to maintain a domineering gets that Nawaz Sharif had sacked Gen position even when it was not in Karamat on flimsy grounds and bypower. The civil government was passing Gen Ali Kuli Khan, appointed restrained from crossing the red Musharraf as his successor. Instead of lines drawn by GHQ. This unwrit- sacking him when he was in a weak ten restriction motivated by na- position after Kargil conflict, he retired him when he was strong. Nawaz also tional interests irked the civil lead- forgets that Musharraf was fully supership when in power. Sense of ported by PML-Q led coalition conunease and irritation among the sisting MQM, ANP and MMA from civil elite led to a cold war between 2002 till end 2007. He was allowed to the civil and the military. This con- hold two portfolios of President and trolled exasperation at times spoiled COAS. Even Imran Khan supported civil-military relations. him till 2002. Benazir struck a secret Failure of successive civil re- a power sharing deal with Musharraf gimes coupled with security con- in July 2007 which enabled her and cerns forced or tempted the military her cronies in exile to return home. The secret deal was inked two to step in and rule for long years to cleanse the mess left behind by the months after the Charter of Democcivil government. The politicians in racy was signed by Benazir and opposition after failing to bring Nawaz Sharif in which the foremost down the ruling civil government point of agreement was never to incoaxed and provoked the Army vite Army generals to takeover. But Chief to takeover, assuring him their for infamous NRO issued by full support in dethroning the elected Musharraf, Benazir and others government. They have traditionally couldn’t have returned to Pakistan. distributed sweets on the fall of PPP returned the favor by letting Musharraf win 2nd term on 6 Octodemocratic government. The military regimes did im- ber 2007, but once it gained power, it prove the economy, maintained sem- joined hands with PML-N to unseat blance of order and speeded up de- him in August 2008 and allowed him velopment works because of rela- to go in exile with full honor. Now tively better governance and finan- when he returned to take part in eleccial management, but impeded tions, the PPP has joined hands with growth of democratic institutions. those wanting his trial under Article


6. After seeing the poor governance and record breaking corruption of the last government, it has now been established that politicians and not Army are the biggest enemies of democracy. The Army leadership maintains that the Army seized power only when the country got derailed and each time the Army took over the reins it put the country back on the rails. The blame game continues even when the Army under Gen Kayani showed exceptional restraint and refused to takeover when huge calls were made repeatedly urging him to free the people from the clutches of parasitic rulers and save the country from getting ruined. Reportedly, ATC Judge Kausar Abbas Zaidi who cancelled pre-arrest bail of Musharraf is brother of Capt retired Mansur Zaidi, who was court martialed by Gen Musharraf. Mansur was caught running a security company in Islamabad in 2008 and supplying weapons to Blackwater. Another revelation that has come to light is that Judge Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui who cancelled Musharraf’s bail was a Mutahida Majlis Amal candidate in 2002 elections and a lawyer of Lal Masjid case. Supporters of Musharraf are saying that the judiciary has become vindictive and is bent upon punishing him and are egging on Gen Ashfaq Kayani to step forward and save ex Army chief from humiliation. The last PPP regime managed to pull on with Gen Kayani since he lent full support to democracy and showed no Bonaparte’s tendencies. Finding him reliable he was given three-year extension to secure its five-year tenure. Notwithstanding several frictions which erupted from time to time on national security matters, a near breaking point reached after the memo scandal in 2011 took an ugly turn. The head-

long clash averted due to PM Gilani’s retreat. Gen Kayani has set a good precedence of keeping the military detached from politics and keeping it supportive of democracy. Had he intervened and sacked the PPP regime, there would have been huge rejoicing and Kayani would have been declared a hero. However, within six months situation would have reversed. The PPP would have regained sympathies of the people by acting as a political martyr and Kayani branded as a usurper and enemy of democracy. He did well to let them stew in their own juice and let the people to decide the true worth of politicians. Hopefully this hands-off tradition will be maintained in future as well. Likewise, the politicians should also show greater sense of responsibility by not inviting the Army to takeover or maligning the Army as a habit to cover their own failings. Both the military and civil leadership should develop better understanding and try to improve civil-military relations and strengthen democratic institutions. This can happen only when the politicians recognize their own failings and carryout self-correction and start behaving more maturely rather than continuing to parrot hackneyed themes and portraying military rulers in poor light and blaming them for every wrong that takes place. Bureaucracy which has remained part of the problem also needs to mend its ways. Media can play a constructive role in harmonizing civil-military relations. Lastly, now that Musharraf has comeback at his own despite advice given to him by his advisers and Establishment, and is out of political race, justice demands that he should be given fair trial.

Army’s obsession with conventional wars crumble as the people revolt it as they Muhammad Ali Ehsan against did in East PakiEmail: stan. In time the army leadership is visualized to an Pakistan army give up its lose the unity, solidarity and coheobsession with the conven sion that make it a disciplined and tional wars? I ask this ques- well-organized and potent force. Indian military options are fotion because I feel that unless this happens the State will never be able cused today only on imposing a slow to spare and divert the much needed and painful defeat on Pakistan army funds and resources to combat the by getting it embroiled in fighting its ever growing internal insecurity own people not only in the border threats. Yet I know this can never lands of Afghanistan but in settled happen and when it cannot it defi- urban areas like Karachi and nitely merits an explanation. To Peshawar where the growing insebegin with there is no doubt that curity and instability calls for it to India wants to see a stable and be deployed in aid of civil power. The democratic Pakistan. But not a Pa- Pakistan army on its part having paid kistan that is under its military con- the cost of executing military operatrol. To achieve this aim it wants tions against its own people in1971, Pakistan army first to lose its abil- a huge cost of losing half the counity to influence the national politics. try, is not likely to implement any The Indians have not forgotten how such agenda that puts to risk its abilPakistan army’s surrender in 1971 ity to remain a potent force and siwar contributed to the loss of its multaneously put up an able defense status and prestige. They also re- on its eastern frontier. With such a member how from the ashes of military mindset the western frontier 1971 surrender emerged a strong will continue to bleed and despite the political leader, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto loss of armed forces personnel and who for the first time subjugated the innocent civilians at the hands of viomilitary high command and con- lent and extremists ant-state elements trolled the Pakistani military. the army it seems will not relent. Though temporarily but military Meaning, it will not fight its own during that period was subordinated people and it will not fight on both to civilian authority. It is with such external as well as internal front. Since it means putting everya Pakistan, in which a military no more promotes plans and executes thing down to ashes, Pakistan and anti-Indian policies and a civilian India will never use nuclear weapgovernment that accepts India as ons. So people who imagine that a regional hegemony that India wants nuclear Pakistan is a powerful Pakistan are misguided. Nuclear weapto conduct business with. India wants to execute the ons are not weapons of war. They are same old paradigm today that it only weapons of deterrence and we executed in 1971 almost under the have seen how despite being nuclear familiar setting. Pakistan army armed States both countries had a forced to fight its own people, thus limited confrontation in Kargil in destined to disintegrate and 1999 under a nuclear umbrella. If this


could happen in the past there are no reasons to believe why it cannot happen in the future. It is therefore our conventional capability against India that makes us less or more powerful. In 2002 Pakistan through its head of State committed to India that it will not allow its territory to be used for terrorist attacks against it. Still Mumbai attacks happened in 2008. India reacted by warning the Pakistani government that if it allows any further attacks on India to be launched from its soil, it will retaliate directly against Pakistan. Why than should the army not ensure conventional military balance and readiness at all times when it is under such a threat from its powerful neighbor. Besides, India can also implicate Pakistan for any independent and unilateral terrorist action carried out on Indian Territory by terrorists who may have nothing to do with the state of Pakistan. All these arguments lend me to believe how vulnerable we are as a State. India is relentless in pursuing and enhancing its conventional military capability. Pakistan has little choice but to match each Indian capability with its own at best as it can. It is also the Indian factor that largely prevents Pakistan army to comprehensively knock out the terrorist organizations operating in Pakistan and which have the capability to act against Indian interest without the knowledge of the State of Pakistan. Unless the Pakistan army gets the right signals from India it cannot de-commission its India centric agenda and replace it with an anti-terrorist agenda the beneficiary of which will not only be the State of Pakistan but India ,the whole region and the world at large. The net result of this analysis is that when India is unable to reduce the level of threat with which it confronts the Pakistan army on its eastern front it leaves it with limited or

no choice to divert the military resources to meet the internal threat. Leaving little possibility of re-orientation of army defined national security policies or the re-configuration and re-deployment of Pakistan army to meet any other threat other than the major conventional threat on its western front. India must realize that no democratic government in Pakistan no matter how strong it may be will be able to take a position at tangent with the position of the army on the security challenges that confront the State. India will have to indulge in a meaningful and result oriented peace initiative/dialogue with Pakistan. If it hopes to create an East Pakistan like situation and create circumstances for Pakistan army to gradually lose popular public support and cave in under the enormity of internal security problems than this is not likely to happen. Both the political and military elite of the country will not allow the State’s security and defence to be without a conventional military shield. And so will mount the country’s defence expenditures and its efforts of enlarging and enhancing its conventional war fighting capabilities against India. The continuity of the status quo will only serve the agenda of the terrorists and their ever expanding networks. In the years ahead both countries may have mighty standing armies to boost about but little to offer to the millions of poor and suffering people in their respective countries. One can only hope that the next democratically elected government in Pakistan can draw favourable response from their Indian counterparts. The chances of which predictably seem to be very bleak. —The writer, a retd Army officer, is doing PhD in civil-military relations from KU.

hile analysts are specu lating that the forthcom ing parliamentary elections in Pakistan will be a game changer, there are forces at work trying to coerce people into staying at home on the day of the polls. The electioneering efforts of major political parties — the Pakistan People’s Party, Muttahida Qaumi Movement and Awami National Party—have been targeted by terrorism in recent weeks. Every day, the Taliban, determined to derail upcoming elections, are bombing offices and conventions of political parties and attacking politicians in Karachi, Quetta and Peshawar. Their assault has been brazen and consistent, and have brought life in the country’s busy commercial hub, Karachi, to a near standstill. At the turn of a major historic event in Pakistan’s history — the unprecedented completion of tenure by a democratic government — the attacks on representatives of democracy show the tightening grip of extremism in the country. Persistent attacks by militants during election period is a new phenomenon in Pakistan and bears a disturbing similarity to elections in Afghanistan, where forthcoming presidential elections are bound to face a formidable challenge by the ever-burgeoning militancy. But perhaps even more disturbing than this offensive of bombs and bullets, is the fact that political parties are not making a concerted effort to condemn this assault on democratic politics. For once, Pakistan’s political parties should momentarily forget their myriad ideological difference, and collectively condemn the militants. At this critical point in time, Pakistan’s political forces should be united in declaring Taleban pariahs, who have no place in the country’s future. The religious parties and influential religious leaders must participate in this endeavour, especially since hundreds of clerics have declared a fatwa making voting a religious obligation. If these attacks by militants are not vociferously condemned, it will only adversely affect voter turnout on polling day. Pakistanis, especially the young lot, are desperate to cast their votes and make a change. And it would be most unfortunate if these dastardly attacks result in a low voter turnout. — Khaleej Times


US Afghan policy


he news that the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) “allegedly” sent millions of dollars to Afghanistan’s President Hamid Karzai as a way to influence him is not surprising for a number of reasons. First, the US has been known to lean on bribery in the past. Who can forget the close relationship it enjoyed with the Mujahideen in Afghanistan? Second, Karzai was handpicked by the George W. Bush administration to lead Afghanistan just as the ‘war on terror’ was being formulated in Washington. However, the manner in which this is being carried out is straight out of a Hollywood movie: Monthly cash payments packaged in suitcases, backpacks and even plastic bags! Afghanistan is dealing with big challenges, corruption being one of the main ones. That the CIA contributed to this problem, thereby empowering warlords, while the US government has gone to great lengths to portray itself as Kabul’s biggest supporter is revolting. If the CIA thought they could win support against the Taliban this way they were mistaken. Fast forward to today and the US is meeting the Taliban to try and come up with an agreement that will contain the level of damage done to its reputation internationally as it prepares for its 2014 exit. The question must be asked: Why does the CIA feel the need to bribe Karzai if it was there to help Afghanistan get back on its feet and protect it from extremism? America’s focus should have been on security and reconstruction, using a comprehensive strategy, not bribery. There’s got to be a policy re-evaluation and the US government must respond to this immediately. — Gulf News

Knowledge is the mother of all virtue; all vice proceeds from ignorance. —Proverb

French economy in crisis Rashid A Mughal Email:


s the Euro Zone crisis con tinue unabated and one after other the member countries continue to fall victim to this neverending meltdown, the list is getting longer and longer and deeper and deeper. This time it is the French economy which is facing a major challenge and the on-going crisis have created internal blocks within the Zone-one led by Germany and the other by Germany, mainly due to currency policies. Investor confidence was hit by news that recession in the 17-nation Eurozone deepened sharply in the final deepened sharply in the final three months of 2012 as the debt crisis continued to sap growth. The Eurozone economy shrank 0.6 percent in the three months to December, while compared with a contraction of 0.1 percent in the previous quarter, according to official data. In the second quarter of 2012, it contracted 0.2 percent, meaning that the recession has now lasted three quarters. The Eurozone had meanwhile registered zero growth in

the first quarter of last year. Analysts said the latest figures were worse than expected, with the major economies, including powerhouse Germany, also dragged down. For 2012 as a whole, the Eurozone economy contracted 0.5 percent and the wider 27-member European Union by 0.3 percent. Finance ministers and central bankers from the Group of 20 leading economies who met in Tokyo recently came under attack, mostly from Europe, over its monetary policy of big spending, which has pushed down the yen. The Bank of Japan, under pressure from the new government, last month unveiled a plan for unlimited monetary easing and a target for two percent inflation. The moves, which had been expected, added to the yen’s weakness and sparked charges of manipulation from around the world and fuelled fears of a fresh currency war where rival nations drive down their currencies to gain a trade advantage. Japan’s Asahi daily,reported that the G20 warned members of any competitive currency devaluations. Wall Street provided an anaemic lead, despite two giant mergers, including that of American Airlines and

US Airways to create the largest American carrier. France is set to revise down its target for growth this year, Finance Minister Pierre Moscovici signalled, recently. But he played down any extra austerity to meet deficit targets after the economy showed zero growth last year. And he alluded to a possibility that the European Union might allow France a delay on bringing down the deficit. The economy shrank by 0.3 percent in the fourth quarter of 2012 and growth was zero for the whole year, data from the statistics institute INSEE showed. Growth is critical to the French economy because it raises tax revenues and reduces some welfare spending. The latest data puts the government in a dilemma over a commitment to the European Union to cut its public deficit to within the ceiling of 3.0 percent of output this year as the Eurozone, struggling as a whole with recession, fights its way out of the debt crisis. The zero growth in France in 2012, as reported by the national statistics agency INSEE is a sharp slowdown from growth of 1.7 percent in 2011. It scuttled France’s chances of meeting its target of reducing the public

deficit to 4.5 percent of gross domestic product in 2012, which was based on the economy growing by 0.3 per cent, as well as throwing into question the 2013 target of reaching 3.0 per cent level that is the allowed ceiling for European countries. Earlier this week, the independent public accounts court warned that the target for cutting the public deficit to 3.0 percent of output was unrealistic and also said that the government had to focus much more on cutting expenditure. The growth figures for France contrast somewhat with those for Germany, which has the biggest economy in Europe and is the main pillar with France of the Eurozone. The ground realities, therefore, indicate tough, rough and bumpy times in future-at least in the near future for the French economy. Unemployment is likely to remain high and business confidence low and consumer spending sub-dude. It all depends on the leaders and the policies they pursue, which can pull France out of this quagmire. —The writer is former Director, Emigration & Overseas Employment.

Political instability in Pakistan Yasmeen Kanwal Email:


he territorial issues and bor der conflicts with India, the socio-economic differences within the country, the struggle for a share of power between the provinces and the early death of the founder of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah, are some of those realities which not only politicized the policy making elites and their willingness in introducing the fair democratic procedures but also encouraged the non-democratic elements in the country including the army. Even after 63 years, the country could not get cleaned from feudal, tribal, punchayt system and sectarian segregation. In this grim situation the public has been left untutored in the kind of vigilance usually needed to hold political leaders accountable. Pakistan failed to establish a stable democratic government due to constitutional conflict. Due to political instability, Pakistan’s economic and social growth has been curtailed. The root cause of Pakistan political woes lies in its feudal and the winner-take-all approach to governing that has been practiced by successive civilian and military leaders.

The Muslim League that brought independence to Pakistan, lacked internal democracy. Once partition and statehood had been achieved, provincial and local political parties confined Muslim League just a paper-party. There were no opposition party to counter Muslim League initially, but latter on, Muslim league itself was disappeared. Coupled with the political legacy of Muslim League, the civil and military bureaucracy, that was of much importance due to its scarce number, gained so much power that they depressed the political institution. The constitution-less 10 years-history from 1947 to 1956-was an ill exercise of the political actors, which invoked the military to interfere in the politics. Absence of a complete constitution, allowed the peoples with power to manipulate the political and constitutional institution, as they wanted. Different powerful civil and military bureaucrats played blasphemy of constitution, parliament and political parties. Political parties in Pakistan are not working fairly. The intra-party election is no to be seen. The leaders, consequently, are autocrats. Political parties are famous in the name of leader of the parties. Personification has harmed extremely the

true essence of democracy. The third pillar of the state, the judiciary has also dual strategies all over the history. Mostly the role of the judiciary has been vulnerable. It has always provided a so-called legal way to the dictators to assume the power. The constitution has been abrogated many a time with the help of the judiciary. Beside the judiciary and Army’s role in politics, the intelligence agencies have become a major actor on the national political scene. Military intelligence and Inter-Services-Intelligence (ISI) are widely believed to have had a major hand in shaping the candidates and the choices available to voters at least since General Zia’s general election of 1985. In these situation how a true democratic government would be formed to realized the dreams of the great Quaid? In addition to all above given anti-democracy factors, the dynamic structure of the state is also not in the favour of democratic values to be flourished. For most of its history Pakistan has been divided into provinces drawn basically on ethnic lines. Political loyalties and attitude have a strong ethnic dimension to them, and the central government’s desires to manage Pakistan’s ethnic diversity can have a major impact on resource allocation foreign policy

decision, and the game of politics. Another elements which has vitiated the democracy in Pakistan is violence in politics. The patience require for a democratic system is highly tacking in almost all the parties and theirs drivers. Democracy accommodate the presence of dissent party. Democracy is the product of wishes of the people and not of the desires of an elite few. But political prayer of Pakistan could not do so. Illiterate voters, family ties a among politicians and feudalism has constrained democracy in Pakistan. Democracy can be revived in Pakistan by taking following steps. Reform the judiciary. Creation of an independent election commission. Internal party elections. Strengthen the free press. Creation of more provinces. Don’t neglect provincial and local government. Implementation of the constitutions. Continuity of fair elections. Protection of minorities and civil liberties. The nation political parties should embrace a new spirit of co-operation and constructive opposition, moving beyond out dated confrontational, self-defeating street agitation, walk-outs and boycott politics to engage in vigorous political debates free of violence.

Views From Abroad

Obama plays for time to avoid ‘red line’ Doyle McManus


arack Obama really, really does not want to get tangled up in Syria. For almost a year, Obama’s secretaries of State — first Hillary Rodham Clinton, now John Kerry — have pressed the president for more aid to the insurgents who are fighting to overthrow Syrian President Bashar Assad. Obama and his White House aides have resisted, fearing a slippery slope that would lead inexorably to US military intervention and the kind of messy Middle Eastern war he campaigned against in 2008. But Obama has also insisted there is a “red line” that the Syrian regime must not cross: chemical weapons. If Assad used nerve gas or other chemical agents, the president said bluntly last year, that would be “a game-changer.” We are about to find out if the president meant what he said. It appears certain that Assad’s forces have used nerve gas on his opponents. The information comes from several sources, and the Israelis, the British, the French and the Demo-

cratic head of the Senate Intelligence Committee, Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) all think the red line has been crossed. But Obama has reacted by blurring the line he drew. The test, he said last week, is whether Syria has engaged in “the systematic use of chemical weapons,” not just one or two incidents that might be accidental. And even if that line has been crossed, it is not clear what the United States will do. “By gamechanger,” he said Tuesday, “I mean that we would have to rethink the range of options that are available to us.” In the face of such vague warnings, it’s no wonder that Assad, who is in a fight for his life, decided to test the red line’s limits. His forces used chemical weapons in small amounts in two or three places — just enough to terrorize his enemies, deter fence-sitters from joining the rebel camp and see how Obama would react. So far, the president is playing for time. But pressure is building on him to act more forcefully — exactly the outcome he hoped to avoid. “It’s not just about Syria,” one official noted. “Iran is watching to see what happens to a

regime that crosses one of our red lines. North Korea is watching. Everybody’s watching.” Obama has bought time by citing George W. Bush’s unhappy experience with evidence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. This time, he insists, we have to be certain, so he’s demanding that Syria allow United Nations arms inspectors into the country to look for evidence of chemical weapons. He’s also asking Russia, Syria’s most powerful ally, to lean on Assad to cut it out. Assad, if he’s smart, will stop using nerve gas on the battlefield, at least for a while. But the rebels are mounting increasingly effective attacks in Syria’s capital, Damascus, and if Assad’s regime fears it could lose the capital city, the chemical weapons may come out again. In his news conference Tuesday, Obama acknowledged that staying out of the conflict was not an available option. “We are already deeply invested in trying to find a solution here,” he said. “We already are deeply engaged,” he added, referring to the non-lethal aid, training and intelligence the United States has been supplying to rebel groups.

Indeed, the United States is already providing non-lethal military supplies, training and intelligence to moderate factions among the rebels, plus millions of dollars in humanitarian aid to Syrian refugees. The administration’s hope is that, over time, the Assad government will weaken, the moderate rebels will become stronger and the radical Islamist rebels of the Nusra Front will diminish. That would allow Obama to keep direct US military intervention to a minimum and to avoid putting US troops on the ground, unless they’re needed to secure Syria’s chemical weapons stocks. He has public opinion on his side. A CBS News/New York Times poll released Tuesday found that 62% of Americans think the United States bears no responsibility for getting involved in the Syrian war. The president tends to agree with that, and he still hopes to avoid getting more deeply tangled in Syria. But a civil war in a country with chemical weapons and three important US allies on its borders can’t be wished away. — Courtesy: Los Angeles Times

Everything legal..!


few weeks ago I watched shocked as a traffic police man who discharged his duty in Mumbai, and booked an elected representative for rash driving was beaten black and blue when he came to face the MLAs at the legislature. Have we reached such a state I wondered that our elected

representatives were above the truth, above the law? I imagined a conversation with one of them: “Why are you fighting truth?” I asked a member of the house sadly. “You are very limited in your thinking!” said the member scornfully, “you say that we were wrong in beating up the policeman? “Yes,” I whispered. “Based on what?” “Based on the law of the land!” “Aha!” “What?” I asked, “what?” “We are changing the law!” “That’s twisting the truth!” “The truth?” “Yes the truth!” “Isn’t the law based on truth?” “Yes,” I said. “So

we have decided to nudge the truth here and there, to fit in with laws we are passing!” “No!” I shouted angrily. The member of the house looked at me, “You are angry?” “Yes,” I shouted. “I will get you arrested!” “For getting angry?” “You cannot be abusive to an elected member of the house!” “Is that a law?” “We have passed it!” “I have a right to protest!” “Not anymore! We have removed that right!” I walked to the door and then turned around. “I will fight this law in the courts!” I shouted. “You can’t,” he

said. “Why not?” I asked. “We have just abolished all the courts! The house is supreme! Tomorrow we will abolish jails!” “This is illegal!” I whispered. “Come here,” said the member, “now open the new constitution we have redone for our country! Open to page 52! Look for the word you just said!” “Illegal!” I whispered, “its not there!” “We banned the word yesterday in the house! Everything my dear man is legal in this country, everything, we are a free country, free from the law..!” —Email:

Voice of the People The pot calling the kettle black ALI ASHRAF KHAN


here is a lot of accusation going on against Syria alleged to have used chemical weapons while fighting a foreign sponsored insurgency against the government of Bashar al Assad. Even before having any proof for their allegations Western media have actually already made up their opinion and are starting a new anti-Syrian wave of propaganda against the elected government of Syria. They seem to have forgotten or think that we have forgotten that it was the US and the West which had given chemical weapons to Saddam Hussein in Iraq so they can use them against Iran in a war that killed thousands of Muslims on both sides and that suited nobody else than the US in their drive for hold over oil resources. Never mind Iraq, it was the US themselves who used chemical and biological weapons in their imperialist war in Vietnam killing and maiming hundreds of thousands, destroying agricultural land and nature in Vietnam at large few decades back, no case of war crime or genocide was started against US till date? It was neither Syria nor Iraq who developed chemical weapons and used them but the West, string from Hitler in Germany and now the US has inherited this type of warfare and developed it to new heights. There should be an outcry against this kind of western hypocrisy; we should not take these lies silently —Karachi

Need of a sociologist FAHIM HUSSAIN Today we say about our institutions and foundations that they are bad, not working well, corrupt or not effective to cater people needs. Apart from that we took many things from western countries, trying to adopt them as wardrobe style, songs and many physical things. From these adaptations we forget one thing to adapt or didn’t made our institutions strong by one major point. That major point is the need of a sociologist in every institution starting from it’s establishment to it’s maintenance. The sociologist will see the matter from each aspect and mainly work for a society by which every department will be at it’s ease and working efficiently. we will not face institution failures and will build a better society. —Karachi

Female education and prosperity SARFARAZ SAMAD Gender inequality in education is extreme. Girls are less likely to access school, to remain in school excel achieve in education. Education helps men and women claim their rights and realize their potential in the economic, political and social arenas. It is also the single most powerful way to lift people out of poverty. Education plays a particularly important role as a foundation for girls ’ development towards adult life. Everybody has the right to education, which has been recognized since the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1948. The right to free and compulsory primary education, without discrimination and of good quality, has been reaffirmed in all major international human rights conventions. There are 12 million school - age children in Pakistan who have never been to school, two-thirds of whom are girls. Many view Pakistan’s education crisis through the prism of deep-rooted cultural hostility toward educating girls – an analysis that is at best an oversimplification. In education lies the redemption of a nation and the entire international community. There is always opportunity for a new start and to take this new start why not take a side with Girls Education, Islam does not restrict education to females. Islam is a flexible religion and it allows equal opportunities of education to both sexes. The need is to interpret it in its real essence. Last but not the least, no society can progress by restricting more than half of its population in the abyss of ignorance and a maze of undue limits. Napoleon once said about the role of mothers in building process of a nation that, “ Give me the best mothers, I will give you the best nation.” —Karachi

Law abiding lawyers COL RIAZ JAFRI (RETD) The lawyers did wise in remaining peaceful and not taking the law in their own hand unlike the previous occasions on the appearance of General Pervez Musharraf (Retd) in the ATC on April 26th. Some of the younger and aggressive black coats had designs to avenge themselves and teach the police and Rangers a lesson for the treatment meted out to them a day earlier. On the other hand, the law enforcing agencies too expecting the reprisal had also equipped themselves fully and were prepared mentally to face the worst. Any small provocation from the lawyers would have triggered a conflagration of the worst sorts and most probably to the detriment of the lawyers only. The lawyers, who were being viewed as the ‘untouchables’ by the judiciary had lost much of the sympathies of the ordinary citizen for

their mafia like high handedness on various occasions in the courts all over Pakistan. They as such did wise in not creating the situation and thus a voided the thrashing and the damage to their reputation from the well prepared and determined law enforcers. The HCBA President very prudently assured the media that the lawyers were the law abiders and not the law breakers. It is hoped that the ‘law abiders’ would always keep the above in mind and never in future take the law in their own hands. —Rawalpindi

Women prisoners’ plight RAJA GHAZANFAR ALI I have just read a most serious type report of HRCP (Humane Right Commission of Pakistan) about most pitiable position of women prisoners in an English daily dated 24-04-2013 which shocked me very badly. The HRCP report has stated that there are around 1100 women prisoners in all the Pakistan jails throughout the country and they are not being treated well in the jails Management staff and women prisoners are living there in most pitiable position. There is no lady doctor in the Lahore women jails. Similarly, there is no separate section or juvenile jails for the teenaged and guiltless girls. There is no proper toilets and bath rooms in the women jails. It is a matter of great surprise that the height of walls of the bathrooms are hardly three to four feets. There is also not existed any hairdresser shop for women prisoners hairdressing and maid servant for ladies help services. There is no proper library and reading rooms and TV rooms etc. Only reading of Islamic books can create many changes, improving characters of women prisoners. During hot season, there is no arrangement of generators in the jails and most women prisoners faint due to suffocation. It is requested that separate jails should be constructed in Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur. Larkana, Quetta, Rahim Yar Khan, Bahawalpur, Multan, Sargodha. Sahiwal, Lahore, Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Peshawar, Mianwali for the women prisoners under women police jailers and full human rights should be provided to all women prisoners so that two main aims should be achieved ie the improving character of women prisoners and 2)- immediate decision of the cases of crimes against them for awarding immediate sentences to them according to laws and procedures. It is also advised that a committee of well-educated women should be constituted for the surprised checking of the women jails and the redressing genuine types of grievances/ problems at the spot. The jail staff should be shuffled every three months by transferring them to others jails. The women prisoners should kept in the nearest jails from their homes. It is also requested that a number of steps should be introduced in the women jails for the purpose of improving their characters and for making them good women citizens. A special committee will be formed of old retired Judges and senior advocate for the finalization of all long pending cases of the women prisoners and in future no more than one hundred prisoners should be kept in jails at a one time. —Rawalpindi

Labour Day ARSHMAN NASEER Every year on May 1, people across the world, including Pakistan celebrate Labour Day as a public holiday. A few arrange get-togethers to enjoy the much needed holiday while others spend it either watching TV, playing games or sleeping in all day. The idea is to gain as much from this day as one can – for oneself. But, what no one does is think about what this day truly stands for. Has any of us done something of value for the labour class or tried to resolve their problems? There are countless problems which are being faced by our labourers such as poverty, illiteracy, food and water cri-

ses and so many others. A vast majority of labourers and daily-wage workers remain outside the field of labour laws, which means that workers have no paid holidays, no job security, no medical coverage, no pension or provident fund, no limit on working hours and are paid no overtime. In Pakistan with all this, there is also an issue of child labour. Child labour in Pakistan is growing at a disturbing rate. It is important to note that Pakistan became a member of the International Labour Organization (ILO) right after its independence in 1947. However, there is not much change when I look at the present situation, there seem to be no labour laws’ implementation. There should be international monitoring in the country and people should be held accountable who use child labour and bonded labour. I know many people who are working as labourers just for a small amount and they don’t have even one day off, because the day they don’t work there is no food in their house. —Via email

Curse of child labour SIBTAIN ALI God has given human beings the boon of wisdom and discretion to think upon the signs of the universe and to draw conclusions. That is the reason why they disclose the hidden facts of it and its structure and have made remarkable progress in many walks of life. Children are the flowers of heaven. They are the most beautiful and purest creation of God. Anyone up to the age of 18 is a child and his basic right is to receive education and proper upbringing. Child Labour is a serious social problem within Pakistan and is considered a violation of human rights by the United Nations. Children are especially exploited in the third world countries as they are a cheap source of labour and Pakistani children are used as labourers in the Sports Industry, Carpet Industry and the Footwear and in glassware production. According to the Federal Bureau of Statistics of Pakistan, 3.3 million out of 40 million children are working in various industries, although child labour is strictly prohibited by law. The factors that generate child labour within Pakistan are parental poverty and illiteracy; an irresponsible political system; social and economic pressures; lack of education. Social attitudes in Pakistan due to which a child is considered an adult at quiet an early stage due to biological changes, also are a cause of exploitation of children below 18 years. Poverty is a major social issue within Pakistan and as a result children are made to work in various industries in order to support their financially poor parents. The status of the family directly influences the choices available to a child and obviously if a family is extremely poor with comparatively less resources then consequently, each member, be it a child or an adult will be required to work and bring in money in order to survive. Girls and boys are forced to work as domestic servants in the homes of the upper middle class or the richer elite. Thus class divisions become more prominent with the exploitation of the poor by the rich and this leads to an inequitable distribution of wealth and income. The future and progress of Pakistan depends on an educated and enlightened youth and if a child is not properly socialized then he/she will not be able to grow as confident and literate Pakistani citizens. Pakistan needs a strong government and political structure to address the issue of child labour for its better future. —Karachi

READERS are requested to type their letters legibly with double spacing and only on one side of the paper.


Some sectors getting gas at overly subsidised rate: Tariq STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Tariq Kandan, founder of the CNG Association, stressing a powerful case for revising the allocation of natural gas to various sectors, has said that the present policy is creating deficit by giving natural gas to some sectors at an overly subsidized rate that is resulting in great loss to the taxpayers. He was addressing a seminar held by Consumer Rights Commission of Pakistan entitled “National Consultation” on Natural gas sector governance here. The whole day national consultation was presided by Ms Saeeda Iqbal, Chairperson Senate Standing Committee on Climate Change. It was widely attended by representatives from prominent think tanks, members from academia and representatives from CSOs from all over the country. Kandan insisted that the precious resources should be given to a sector that is willing to pay its price. Ms Huma Siddiqi, Energy Researcher from CRCP, shared the finding of the National Gas Governance Initiative NGGI-Pak and identified the gaps present in the policy and regulatory processes and stated social and environmental considerations that contribute towards the problems in the natural gas sector. Huma Siddiqi shared by saying that by far participation and transparency remain to be the most problematic issues of the sector. The recommendations given by Ms Huma Siddiqi included; Information regarding policy making must be circulated with reasonable lead time (minimum three months) in advance of the initiation of the policy process. Shahzad Iqbal ED (Gas) OGRA, Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhary P.Eng GM SNGPL, Islamabad, Javed Akhtar Additional Secretary Planning and Development Division, Planning Commission of Pakistan, Sheikh Sarfraz Ali (retd) Senior Executive Director (GAS) OGRA addressed the consultation and replied to the queries put forward by the audience.

ECP finalises

Thousands rally against European austerity on May Day M ADRID —Workers hit by in a clenched fist salute on tone, saying “budget consolidalower living standards and record high unemployment staged May Day protests across Europe on Wednesday, hoping to persuade euro zone governments of the case for easing austerity measures and boosting growth. Thousands of protesters marched in Madrid, snaking up the Gran Via central shopping street, waving flags and carrying placards reading “austerity ruins and kills” and “reforms are robbery”. “The future of Spain looks terrible, we’re going backwards with this government,” said former civil servant Alicia Candelas, 54, who has been without a job for two years. The Spanish economy has shrunk for seven consecutive quarters, and unemployment stands at a record 27 percent. There had “never been a May 1 with more reason to take to the streets”, said Candido Mendez, head of UGT, one of two main unions that called on workers and the unemployed to join more than 80 demonstrations across the country. Trains and ferries were cancelled in Greece, and bank and hospital staff walked off the job after the main public and private sector unions there called a 24hour strike, the latest in a string of protests in a country in its sixth year of recession. About 1,000 police officers were deployed in Athens, but the demonstration passed off peacefully, with about 5,000 striking workers, pensioners and students marching to parliament holding banners reading: “We won’t become slaves, take to the streets!”. Earlier, hundreds of protesters affiliated with the Communist KKE party raised their arms

Capital Call

ordinary stations. Meanwhile Prime Minister Justice (R) Mir Hazar Khan Khoso has decided to place the National Crises Management Cell (NCMC), presently working under the Ministry of Interior, at the disposal of Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP).—INP

Hameed Shaheen

From Page 1

tion and growth need not be contradictory”. Tens of thousands marched in Italy’s major cities to demand government action to tackle unemployment - at 11.5 percent overall and 40 percent among the young - and an end to austerity and tax evasion. Most marches were peaceful, but demonstrators in Turin threw hollowed eggs filled with black paint at police. Pope Francis made a May Day appeal for governments to tackle unemployment, as “work is fundamental to the dignity of a person”. “I think of how many, and not just young people, are unemployed, many times due to a purely economic conception of society, which seeks selfish profit, beyond the parameters of social justice,” he told tens of thousands of people packed into St. Peter’s Square for his weekly general audience. Traditional May Day marches were also taking place outside the euro zone. In Russia, about 1.5 million people were expected to take part in parades, a fraction of the millions that used to march in Soviet times. In Istanbul, Turkish riot police fired water cannon and tear gas to disperse crowds gathering for a rally on what has become a traditional labour holiday. A Reuters photographer said at least six people were injured in the clashes. Thousands of police were stationed across the city centre to block access to the main Taksim square. Authorities often use force to prevent the rally in the city centre, having this year denied trade unions permission to march on Taksim, saying construction work there would make it too dangerous.—Reuters

Kashmiri political parties cross talks to help solve Kashmir knot

From Page 1

US asks India Pak to restrain nuke

Syntagma Square, scene of violent clashes between police and protesters during previous protests. “The economy won’t be resurrected by the bankrupt banks and the corrupt political system but by the workers and their fight,” Alexis Tsipras, leader of the anti-bailout Syriza party, told protesters. “Our message today is very clear: ‘Enough with these policies which hurt people and make the poor poorer,’” said Ilias Iliopoulos, general secretary of public sector union ADEDY. Turnout in Greece was lower than last year when 100,000 marched on Syntagma Square. The May 1 holiday falls a few days before Greek Orthodox Easter, so public schools were shut and many workers have left for holidays. Four heavily indebted euro zone countries - Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Cyprus have received sovereign bailouts. With little or no sign of growth in the euro zone, the European Central Bank is expected to cut interest rates to a record low 0.5 percent at its policy meeting on Thursday. But analysts say that alone will do little to lift the euro zone out of recession, and several governments are now openly discussing policies to try to boost growth. Italy’s new Prime Minister Enrico Letta told Germany on Tuesday that his government would meet its budget commitments but expected Europe to drop its austerity mantra and do more to lift growth. German Chancellor Angela Merkel, seen by many in southern Europe as the champion of the euro zone’s belt-tightening approach, struck a conciliatory


T the weekend the Presi dent of Azad Jammu and Kashmir Sardar Mohammad Yaqub Khan who had returned freshly from Umra visit to Saudi Arabia on a question from Pakistan Observer replied with a tinge of abruption that as President of the State (J&K, 88023 sq miles) he would very much like to visit Occupied Kashmir to have unrestricted dialogue with a people’s spectrum widest enough. “We want they want Kashmir solution” therefore if any invitation to him is extended from Srinagar administration he would definitely go on a tour of India-held Jammu and Kashmir. On the other side of the divide they are our brothers - be they of religion or politicall affiliation. We see all with broadmindedness as Kashmir dispute belongs to all. President M Yaqub Khan is a jovial personality, displaying a sort of universal taste to talk to all, irrespective of politico-religious affiliations. Sardar Yaqb Khan expressed this determination during a well-selected luncheon to honor Occupied Kashmir APHC (All Parties Hurriyet Conference) leader Syed Saleem Gilani who was on tour to Pakistan/AJK. “I am very much satisfied with my talks here with political parties heads” However Mr Gilani, very shrewd political unlocker released his friendly tone complaint with regret “that none of the political parties of Pakistan has put Kashmir dispute on their public speaking agenda. Conversely, they are fighting

elections on the basis whether “Pakistan and India should regenerate friendship between the them: both nuclear south Asian powers - Pakistan and India.” The AJK/Pakistan chapter of APHC also participated in the luncheon. And they too had a similar tone. Mahmood Ahmed Saghar, who shared his perception with Gilani’s. In their joint resolution, passed unanimously under the chairmanship of President Sardar M Yaqub Khan, they urged the world powers to help stop massive human rights violations in occupied Kashmir at the hands of the Indian occupation forces. The resolution for the first time exposed to the hilt the brutish tactics of occupation forces to do every bit of torture and suppression. Under the blank pretext of security the Indian army abducts the Kashmiri youth and teenagers leading them to torture chambers as gruesome tactics of total suppression. The resolution demanded return of prejudicially-killed two Kashmiri freedom fighters, now laid under tonnes of earth in the Tehar jail Delhi,to Srinagar for their proper Muslim burial. Both are brave sons of Kashmir. Both have left behind a powerful trail of forward fight to level down the boulders in the way of Kashmiris right to self-determination. Kashmiris have very logical mind and intellect. It is their asset, our asset which needs to be channelized. Circumstances are subject to changes but ideology remains unaltered. This scribe asked Mr Gilani to comment on how fair is the freedom movement in the ‘changed’ global scenario. Kashmir and Afghanistan are not mu-

tually far off. But an active majority have not yet tried to see the future in the context of international withdrawal from Afghanistan. The Afghanis under any tribal title are now to a finishing extent battle-hardened and sabre strikes. Afghanis remained rulers in Kashmir from 1819 to the establishment of Dogra raj whose autocratic governance lasted till 13 August 1947. The mujahiddin overthrew in 1947 the 100-year old Dogra raj. Kashmiri sacrifices are immense as the sprawling universe itself. Only in Jammu over 250,000 Muslims were cut into pieces by the combined forces of the Dogras and RSS. This figure appears in the pages of famous Time weekly published then from London. The more a historian delves deeper, the brutish hands of pre1947 Kashmir rulers appear. The skinning alive of Sudhan notables at Mong (1832) is a sacrificial legacy no one can forget. It inspires a lot. As for as the imagined visit by AJK President Sardar Yaqub is concerned, he must rest assure that it will ha massive landslide approbation from the people of J&K, AJK and GB included. Hamala Key Chashmey Ubaltey Hain Kubb Tak, Khyzer Sochta Hai Wuller Key Kinare! (Allama Iqbal) {How long the springs of Himalaya gush forth,/ Khyzer is thinking at the brink of Wuller Lake} There is no doubt that by social inter-mixing by the Kashmiris across the divide, a more powerful opinion slide would slip towards Pakistan. It is writing on the walls of history and geography Kashmir can better nestle in the lap of Pakistan.

and their delivery systems in South Asia,” Assistant Secretary of State for International Security and Nonproliferation Thomas Countryman said in his address to the 2015 Review Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons in Geneva. “Consistent with our shared vision of a world without nuclear weapons, the United States has repeatedly called on India and Pakistan to restrain their nuclear and missile programmes; end the production of fissile material for use in nuclear weapons; and support the commencement of negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament of a Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty,” he said. “In that regard, it is with concern and deep disappointment that we note Pakistan’s reluctance to support the start of such negotiations,” the US official said. “We would welcome meaningful trust and confidence-building between these nuclear-armed states; we must find ways to reduce regional tensions and diminish the risk that nuclear weapons could be used, either intentionally or accidentally, in a crisis,” he said. The United States, he said continues to encourage both India and Pakistan to play a positive role in the global non-proliferation community and take steps to prevent proliferation, including bringing their strategic trade controls in line with the guidelines of the multilateral supplier regimes. “We support, in a phased manner, India’s goal of joining the four multilateral export control regimes,” he said, adding that the US remains cognizant of its non-proliferation commitments and objectives when considering how to conduct its bilateral relations with any country. “Our activities with both India and Pakistan continue to be consistent with our NPT (Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty) obligations and with our commitment as members of the Nuclear Suppliers Group,” Countryman said according to a copy of the speech LAHORE: Children taking bath in canal water to cool themselves off. provided here.—Online

Sarabjit’s family From Page 1 knowledge of the authorities then an inquiry is definitely needed.” Sarabjit’s lawyer Awais Sheikh said he would file a fresh petition in Lahore High Court (LHC) seeking its permission to allow the Indian doctors to be part of the medical board which is treating Sarbjit Singh. Sarabjit remains in deep coma and doctors are not very hopeful about his survival.—INP

Pak Navy ship From Page 1 would further strengthen the bilateral military relations between the two brotherly countries. Pakistan and Malaysia have had a longstanding cooperation in the Defence sector. Such unique in- ISLAMABAD: PTI leader Makhdoom Javed Hashmi addressing a public meeting on Wednesteractions between the two pro- day. Dr Shahzad Waseem is also present. fessional Naval Forces would also develop understanding in establishing a more secured and From Page 1 conducive maritime environment that is essential for global port the right of the Pakistani From Page 1 peace and economics.—NNI people to participate fully in the edly suggested that the two reports, for the long haul but is election of their representatives armies increase the distance not considering the military re- and their ability to fulfill their between the temporary camps sponse that political leaders like aspirations for a peaceful, prosFrom Page 1 that they have set up in the Samajwadi Party chief Mulayam perous, and democratic nation. He said the United States scholars to issue a religious de- Depsang Valley near the Line Singh Yadav have suggested. cree against Taliban as they had of Actual Control (LAC), the de External Affairs Minister Salman looks forward to witnessing Khurshid told NDTV, “ timely, transparent, free, and fair openly declared that those, who facto border. However, Chinese officials Mulayam Singh being a (former) elections on May 11th. These would cast their votes would be infidel. The people of the coun- did not discuss a withdrawal Indian Defence Minister would elections will mark an important try should also decided if they from Indian territory and India know that it is the local command- democratic transition, a historic wanted to see the country make made it clear that unless the ers who are handling the issue at development of which the people progress in right direction of see Chinese troops withdraw com- the flag meetings. If there is a of Pakistan can be very proud. it being pushed into the dark al- pletely, it will not move its own need for higher diplomacy we He made it clear that they do not camp that it set up just 500 will be ready for it.” support any particular political ley of tyranny. He has also countered the party or any individual candidate, Speaking on the occasion, Dr metres away after the Chinese Sattar said that the terrorists pitched their tents. But in opposition’s accusation that the and look forward to engaging the wanted to influence the polls and China’s offer, India sees the government’s response to China next democratically elected Govif they would succeed in hijack- first signs of willingness to has been “weak” by saying, “We ernment of Pakistan. Asked about the spike in the ing the electoral process, it would compromise and hopes this are engaged in the mechanism leave serious impacts on could eventually lead to a re- that we have put in place to en- violence in the last few weeks, turn to the “status quo” before sure that border incidents are re- and whether people can go out country’s integrity/ solved amicably. We would not without any fear and vote Mr He said that it was astonish- the incursion. So far, Beijing has said po- like to have unnecessary issues Ventrell said the US in addition ing to note that the electoral campaigns were being conducted litely but firmly that it has not put into it. We have to ensure to condemning the violence sursmoothly only in Punjab. Polls violated the border. At that our perception of the LAC rounding the elections also urges in just one province would not Tuesday’s meeting, China also is preserved and any violation Pakistanis to get out and vote and express their free will so that debe acceptable to the masses. It reportedly reiterated its demand of it is set right.” The SP and other political mocracy can prevail and the was being witnessed that the that India dismantle infrastrucpolls were converted into a se- ture that it has set up in eastern parties have slammed the gov- people’s voice can be heard. lection game and the electoral Ladakh and stop new construc- ernment for going ahead with “We’re concerned about the vioprocess was rather supervised by tion. India has refused saying Khurshid’s scheduled visit to lence but we urge the electoral the terrorists, not the election this is its territory. New Delhi Beijing on May 9 despite the process to continue” he remarked. —INP commission or the caretaker gov- is prepared, say Indian media border stand-off.—Online ernment. He questioned why the election commission did not ask the law enforcement agencies whereFrom Page 1 from the terrorists were making live calls. Perhaps, they were also Meanwhile‚ the convoy of an in- said armed men were riding a an undisclosed location form the intimidated that if they take such dependent candidate Allah Dino motorcycle and escaped unhurt nearby mountains which landed steps, the terrorists would also Umrani was also attacked with a from the spot. on JUI’s election rally in Sarghar finish them. car bomb in Kachi Pul area of The blast also damaged the area of Harnai, Quetta. He said if the institutions Dera Murad Jamli. However‚ no election office of Coordinated rocket attacks would fail to fulfill their consti- loss of life was reported. Raisani.Lashkari Raisani is con- caused panic in the city. Loud tutional obligations, it would be According to the SHO testing election on PB-4 from explosions were heard far and tantamount to supporting the ter- Ghulam Mustafa‚ only a vehicle Quetta city on the ticket of PML- wide in Quetta, plagued by viororists. was damaged. The police rushed N. He is the younger brother of lence in recent days when variHe welcomed the statement to the site and cordoned off the former chief minister ous political parties are being tarof the Chief of Army Staff Gen. entire area. The law enforcement Balochistan Nawab Aslam geted ahead of general elections. Asfaque Pervez Kiyani and said agencies also launched an opera- Raisani. According to media reports, that the right-wing parties of the tion to trace the suspects. At least five persons were it is feared that more injuries are country and foreign forces Meanwhile, unknown armed injured in 10 rockets attack on expected due to the rockets atwanted to impose Taliban-backed men hurled a hand-held bomb at Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam’s (JUI) tack as children were also present parties in the country. an office of the Pakistan Muslim public gathering in Harnai area in the election rally. Speaking on the occasion, League-N in Arbab Ghulam Ali of Quetta here on Wednesday. The injured were rushed to Malik said that he had long be- road area of Quetta on WednesPolice said at least 10 rock- nearby hospital for medical treatfore the commencement of the day, police said.Police said mili- ets were fired by militants from ment.—Online electoral process informed that tants hurled the bomb at the electhe terrorists would launch their tion office of PML-N leader Haji attacks because the terrorists Lashkari Raisani. wanted to make the country a They said four party activists new Afghanistan. were injured in the attack.The injured were immediately rushed to civil hospital Quetta for medical treatment. However Raisani From Page 1 was not hurt in the attack.Police slain candidate for PB-32 (Jhal Magsi), blocked the National Highway linking Sindh and From Page 1 Balochistan on Wednesday in order to protest the killing of Sources told BBC that the Magsi on Tuesday. suspects were picked up for comHundreds of protesters municating with their partners in brought the dead bodies of the Miranshah and Kohat. The susslain independent candidate and pects were allegedly issuing ditwo of his associates on the rections to coordinate attacks on highway’s Quetta-Jacobabad the military and paramilitary route. Magsi was killed in a fir- forces. ing incident on Tuesday morning. Last year, a brazen attack on The protesters chanted slo- the central jail in Khyber gans against the provincial gov- Pakhtunkhwa’s Bannu district ernment and the law enforce- had resulted in the escape of over ment agencies. They demanded 300 prisoners. The freed inmates the arrest of those involved in also included Adnan Rasheed, a the murder of the independent high profile militant and the main candidate. suspect in a terrorist attack on Long queues of vehicles former President General (retd) were witnessed on the National Pervez Musharraf. Highway during the road’s blockade. Later, however, protesters agreed to clear the road followFrom Page 1 ing negotiations with the administration.—INP ing to come into power”. He did not say whether his claim was based on any concrete evidence that he was privy to. The Benazir Bhutto murder case is currently underway in an anti-terrorist court in Rawalpindi. Khan’s claim contradicts the BOSTON—Three additional suspects have been taken into cus- investigations done by a UN tody in the investigation of last commission as well as Britain’s month’s bombings at the Boston Scotland Yard police. Benazir Bhutto was assassiMarathon, the Boston Police Department said in its official nated on December 27, 2007 in Rawalpindi while she was camTwitter feed on Wednesday. A police spokeswoman, paigning ahead of 2008 elections. Investigators are currently Katherine Shea, said by telephone that she had no further questioning former military ruler details to provide. “It’s happen- and president General (Retd) Pervez Musharraf was heading the ing right now,” Shea said. Investigators had previously country at the time of her assassiidentified two suspects, ethnic nation. Musharraf has repeatedly Chechen brothers they said denied his involvement and has placed pressure-cooker bombs instead blamed the slain leader for at the race’s finish line on April ignoring security warnings by the then regime.—Agencies 15. —Reuters

China offers to step

US concerned

Domestic, int’l

Shikarpur: Suicide bomber

National Highway

Plots to attack

PTI to stop

Boston police arrest three new suspects in bomb case

Tong, Sarkosh, Kojah, Saleh in Asian snooker semis; Sajjad, Saim crash out K ARACHI —Pakistan’s outing in the Jubilee Insurance 29th Asian Snooker Championship ended on Wednesday when Mohammad Sajjad and Abu Saim crashed out in the quarter-finals. But Aamir Sarkosh (Iran), Omer Al Kojah (Syria), Saleh Muhammad (Afghanistan) and Zhao Xintong (China) advanced into the last four stage after contrasting victories in the quarter-finals at Darbar Hall of a hotel here. Like on Tuesday, it was another highly disappointing day for the host Pakistan as after IBSF World Champion Muhammad Asif and National Champion Hamza Akbar were eliminated on Tuesday, former Asian number two Sajjad and Saim were also sent packing. Reigning IBSF World Junior Champion Zhao Xintong showed a class act when he came from 0-3 down to overpower Abu Saim of Pakistan 5-3 with a spectacular display of snooker. 15-year-old school student, Xintong showed nerves of steel to down Abu

Saim laced with superb breaks of 102 and 122. Saim got off to dream start against World Junior Champions by securing 3-0 after Xintong struggled in the initial half of the event. But once the Chinese

Formerly of Pakistan Saleh Muhammad, who has now migrated to Afghanistan, routed Mohammad Labai of Iran 5-1. Ex-World number two Saleh dropped the second frame before notching up a straightforward victory and a place in the semi-final. Like Saleh, Omar AlKojah also lost a frame before blasting Lu Chun Wai of Hong Kong. In the best of 9-frame semi-finals on Thursday, Saleh will be up against Zhao Xinton at 10.00 a.m. The second semi-final will be held after the first match. QuarterFinal results: Zhao Xin Tong snooker sensation Xinton (China) bt Abu Saim (Pak) 5got into his strides there was 3 (32-87, 37-86, 27-64, 57-03, no stopping for him. He pot- 107-31, 129-06, 70-12, 65-27), ted and dipped the Omer Al Kojah (Syria) bt Lee ISLAMABAD: Farooq Shahid, MD FMC and Squash legend Jan Sher Khan with players during opening ceremony of 17th Asian individual Men/ multicoloured balls with pre- Chun Wai (HK) 5-1 (68-48,47- Women Squasah Championship-2013 at Sports Complex. cision to blast Saim in the last 38,73-5,67-18,58-18,73-39), five frames. Saleh Mohammad (AfghaniFormer Asian number stan) bt Mohammad Lababi two, Sajjad’s dream to win the (Iran) 5-1 (80-22,02-113, 86-08, title was shattered when 89-30,79-09,65-42), Aamir Iran’s Aamir Sarkosh Sarkosh (Iran) bt Mohammad L ONDON —Olympic gold thrashed him 5-2 which in- Sajjad (Pakistan) 5-2 (58-68, medallist Audley Harrison cluded a break of 81 in the 66-38,59-23, 50-31, 82-0,36said Tuesday he was retiring fourth frame. 76,74-38).—APP ADELAIDE (Australia)—Cate titles team, with David and to fulfil her potential since from professional boxing folCampbell showed at the na- Emma McKeon having al- she gained prominence as a lowing his latest loss. The 41-year-old Briton 14-year-old in 2006. ISLAMABAD —M. Mudassar, tional titles on Wednesday ready qualified. But experience tells Particularly cruel was the suffered a first round knockAhmed Ch. and Usman Ijaz night that she is in career-best joined quarterfinal lineup of form and a contender for the Campbell that the toughest illness in London last year, out by Deontay Wilder of the Subh-e-nau Clay Court Ten- 100 metres freestyle title at part of her journey to which Cusack believes ru- United States in Sheffield, nis Championship 2013 here this year’s world champion- Barcelona could be yet to ined a genuine opportunity northern England, on Saturat Islamabad Club on ships. Now all she needs is a come. She says her father for Campbell, whose stun- day. “There are only so many Eric will be looking for bubble ning time of 52.83 in the semiWednesday. bit of luck. Raja Shahid played well Campbell produced her wrap to cover her for the next finals in Adelaide on Tues- times you can fall before it against Muhammad Faisal in second world-class time of two-and-a-bit months, while day night would have been becomes foolhardy to confirst match of the day. Faisal the meet to win the 100 her coach Simon Cusack quick enough to win Olym- tinue,” said Harrison, whose was three games up after los- freestyle final in Adelaide in says he’ll be searching for pic gold. After falling vio- professional career failed to ing first set when Raja 52.92 seconds, ahead of any lucky charms he can lently ill, with what was later build on the promise he diagnosed as pancreatitis, showed as an amateur boxer. Shahid bounced back and younger sister Bronte, who find. “I’ve fallen a lot, but winThe 20-year-old has a she was forced to withdraw won second set and match. claimed the second berth in Quarterfinals of men’s 53.85. It made them the sec- history of illness and injuries from the 100 freestyle races ning the (world) heavyweight title was a destination I resingles will be played on ond siblings on the world that have stymied her ability in London.—AFP ally wanted to get to. ComThursday. ing back from adversity has Top seed Saba Aziz of been synonymous with my Lahore overpowered her life. citymate Rida Khalid in first “I’ve done well to turn my quarterfinal of ladies singles. life around, but sadly my She did not allow her oppodream to be a legitimate world nent to play shots freely. champion will be In another match, unrealised,” added Harrison, Marium Mirza lost to young in a statement headlined ‘I’m Mahin Aftab after she had an retiring’ on his official upset victory over 4th seed website. Shahida Farooq on Tuesday. Harrison became the first Mahin played exciting tennis British boxer to win an Olymagainst her opponent. Meheq pic gold medal in the superKhokhar defeated Mahvish heavyweight category at the Chishtie in third quarterfinal. 2000 Games in Sydney and, Second seed Sara Mansoor as a pro, did challenge for a was awarded walkover world title. But a series of against Kainat Khan. M. Abid uninspiring contests led to and Usman Rafique reached him acquiring the unflatterfinal of men’s doubles after ing nickname of ‘Fraudley’. beating M. Mudassar and The high point of his Arham Atique. Mudassar and professional career came Arham showed some resiswhen he challenged compaOEIRAS: China’s Peng Shuai returns the ball to Marion tance in first set, however, this triot David Haye for the was not enough to defeat exBartoli during their match of the Portugal Open. WBA world heavyweight perienced pair. They will play title in November 2010 only Bartoli. “I had a lot of trouble “It was a very difficult pair of Faizan Khurram Ahmed to be stopped in the third Ch in final who defeated ADELAIDE, Australia: Cate and Bronte Campbell finished first and second in the 100 finding my game and my feet draw, but I think it is better round.—AFP on the court. for me to have those kind of Mehboob Khana and Brig metres freestyle. “She was playing ex- matches early in the clay Siddique in second semifinal tremely well. I just tried my court season and try to im- of men’s doubles. M. hardest and was able to play prove for the big events com- Mudassar and Salman bin Saleem qualified for some good shots in the sec- ing up.” ond set. I felt like the third Elsewhere in the opening quarterfinals of boys junwas really close. round, third seed Anastasia iors’ U-18. Haris Irfanulhaq “We both started to play Pavlyuchenkova beat Shahar and Sairem Sahir reached quite well, but at 3-3 when I Peer 6-4, 6-4 but German num- semifinals of Boys U-14. Results had 40-15 she hit quite a ber eight seed Julia Goerges Wednesday’s lucky return and that really lost to Monica Puig of Puerto Men’s Singles (second round).—APP hurt me. Rico 7-6 (7/3), 6-2.—AFP I SLAMABAD —Pakistan female squash star Maria does not want Tim May on way the BCCI wants them BIPIN DANI Toorpakai’s coach, Jonathon the committee so the vote to vote. OBSERVER Power believes his pupil can was re done a second time. It is completely against C ORRESPONDENT cause major upset in the onPressure has now been put ICC direction for the Boards going 17th Asian Squash on captains from certain not to influence their CapChampionship when she M UMBAI —The Board of countries to change their tains choice as to a current Control for Cricket in India meets world no Low Wee votes on Tim May and now player representative. Wern of Malaysia in the (BCCI) is trying to get the vote is deadlocked at 5The BCCI do not recogLaxman Sivaramakrishna in peal to another forum and will event. I SLAMABAD —Pakistan on stan. 5”. nize Player Associations , the ICC’s Cricket CommitThe ITF’s Davis Cup fight on against the injustice “She is a very talented Wednesday vowed to fight “Our captain voted in but they are using their untee, which is being headed on after the tennis world gov- committee rejected the ap- done to us,” Imam told AFP. player and capable of beat- by Anil Kumble. favour of Tim May”, Irish healthy power to ensure “If the referee had felt the ing any player in the world. erning body rejected their that any real player repreThe news was first bro- disclosed. courts were not up to the It will be interesting to see appeal over their forfeited Obviously all Asian Test sentative is not on the ICC ken by the South African mark, why did he start the tie her playing against Low Wee Davis Cup tie against New broadcaster, Neil Manthrop playing captains, Mahendra Cricket Committee. in the first place?” Wern,” he told APP. Zealand. Dhoni, Angelo The irony of this that and later confirmed by Singh Announcing the appeal The former world No 1, The International Tennis Matthews (Sri Lanka), makes us laugh is that BCCI Tony Irish, the South Afrihad been rejected, the gov- who retired from profesFederation (ITF) upheld the Misbah-ul-Haq (Pakistan) continually state that they erning body said the PTF sional squash when he was can Cricketers’ Association and decision to award the match Mushfiqur Rahim don’t recognize Player Rep(SACA) chief. could now take their case to at the top in 2006 said, said played in Yangon last month (Bangladesh) were subse- resentatives – yet they are Speaking from the ITF board of directors. he believed Maria had a to New Zealand because the quently forced to vote for rolling out their own Player Pakistan was forced to promising international ca- Bulawayo, where Neil Laxman Sivaramakrishnan. Representative ! court was unplayable. Manthrop is covering the shift the tie to a neutral reer and would create stir in Pakistan were 1-0 up and “It is a sad day for goverL a x m a n venue after the ITF declared the squash world in the days Z i m b a b w e - B a n g l a d e s h nance of cricket when play- Sivaramakrishnan, when leading in the second match matches, and Cape Town, Pakistan as unsafe and unto come. when Sri Lankan referee ers are not allowed to vote approached in Chennai exPower had spent a lot of they said, “the voting for freely for their true represen- pressed his ignorance Ashita Ajigala stopped the peal by the Pakistan Tennis suitable for an international the players representatives time playing in Pakistan and match and awarded the tie to Federation (PTF) on Tues- event. tatives”, Irish added. about the development, but Pakistan has been a no- was heavily influenced by on ICC cricket committee is New Zealand, as the courts day, but PTF President It should not come as a added, “I am born to serve by the 10 Test captains. were Pakistan’s responsibil- Kaleem Imam said the fight go area for international Pakistani squash player. surprise as this is the way the game. I have been a would go on. sports teams since militant He said he had come to The majority of the cap- BCCI operates – it threatens cricketer, coach, commentaity. tains voted both for Kumar “The ITF have said that attacks on the Sri Lankan Pakistan to support both The Asia Oceania group Sangakarra and Tim May”. Boards or promises benefits tor and now willing to serve II tie was shifted to Myanmar the referee’s decision was cricket team bus in Lahore in Maria and the game of “But now, the BCCI to other Boards to vote the in ICC’s cricket committee”. right but we will take the apMarch 2009.—AFP Squash.—APP over security fears in Paki-

Tennis: Peng stuns Bartoli at Portugal Open OEIRAS (Portugal)—China’s Peng Shuai showed little sign of a recent shoulder injury at the WTA Portugal Open on Tuesday as she knocked out French top seed Marion Bartoli in the first round 6-0, 1-6, 6-4. Peng, a 2010 semi-finalist in her only previous appearance at the event, had just limited time to train after returning to her homeland to treat a shoulder injury following a Miami secondround loss more than a month ago. After receiving treatment in her hometown of Tianjin, she travelled on to Germany where she made light of her meagre clay preparation by stunning Bartoli, the world number 14 who is on a poor run having lost her last four WTA matches dating back to mid-March. “I”m very happy to win in such windy conditions,” said the 27-year-old Peng, ranked 34th in the world. “The clay was blowing around a lot, making it even more difficult.” Peng won in an hour and three-quarters as the erratic Bartoli produced eight double-faults and was broken five times. The quirky French player has reunited with her doctor father Walter as coach after several months of unsuccessful trials with other potential mentors including former Wimbledon champion Jana Novotna, but is still looking for a win. “The first match on clay is always tough for me,” said

Karate C’ship to commence from tomorrow F AISALABAD—Pakistan Karate Federation will organize 22nd National Karate Championship and National Junior Karate Championship from May 3 to 5 at Crescent Sports Complex here. According to Shamim Hashmi General Secretary Pakistan Karate Federation, the teams of all affiliated units of Pakistan Karate Federation including WAPDA, Army, Railways, Police, Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan, Sindh, Islamabad and FATA will participate in the championship. He said the championship will be held in Individual kumite (below 50 kg, below 55 kg, below 60 kg, below 67 kg, below 75 kg, below 84 kg and above 84 kg).—APP

Mudassar, Ahmed, Usman join quarterfinal lineup of Subh-enau Tennis C’ship

Campbells’ sister act wins world team berths

Maria can cause major upset in Asian Squash C’ship: Jonathon

Pakistan to fight on after Davis Cup appeal rejected

Harrison retires from boxing

BCCI want Test playing captains to vote for Sivaramakrishnanan to replace Tim May in ICC’s Cricket Committee

Seminary teacher beats student to death FAISALABAD—A 12-year-old seminary student was beaten to death in Faisalabad on Wednesday for his failure to memorize lesson. The accused seminary teacher, identified as Qari Farooq, escaped by taking the dead student with him. An FIR was lodged against the suspect by seminary administration. The unfortunate incident took place inside a local seminary located at Canal Road. Sajjad Ahmed, 12, was brutally beaten with a stick, leaving him died on the spot. Qari Farooq called an ambulance, took the dead body and escaped along with several other students. The police said that both accused and the victim belonged to Bahawalpur.—INP

Candidate escapes attack D ERA M URAD J AMALI — Meer Allah Dena Sadhani, an independent candidate, escaped narrowly when his caravan hit by a roadside explosive material here on Wednesday. Sources said that a massive blast exploded when the caravan was crossing a bridge but no human loss was reported. According to local media, a remote controlled bomb, planted in a car, was used in the incident. The area was cordoned off by the security forces and the injured transferred to the nearby hospital. Meer Allah Dena Sadhani is an independent candidate from PB29 constituency. As general elections creep close, militants boosted their attacks on political leaders and workers in three provinces where dozens of peoples including election candidates have been killed in targeted attacks. —Online

Air strike targets militants PESHAWAR—At least four militants killed and two hideouts were completely destroyed on Wednesday by fighter jet attacks in the Orakzai Agency. According to sources, the air strikes were carried out after an authentic intelligence reports which spots the militants and their hideouts in Upper Orakzai’s Asmat Khana region. Moreover, security forces thwarted terrorism bid in the volatile in the Armer area of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s capital, wherein two ready bombs were confiscated and dismantled on the scene.—NNI

More troops deployed QUETTA—More army troops have been deployed in far flung districts of Balochistan to ensure security during the upcoming general elections. According to Pakistan Army spokesman, a contingent of 800 troops left here for far flung areas of Naseerabad, Jaffarabad, Jhal Magsi, Musa Khel, Kohlu, Sheerani, Dalbandin, Ziarat and Harnai. So far, a total of 1250 troops have been deployed in various districts of Balochistan including Mastung, Kalat, Khuzdar, Panjgur, Kharan, Avaran and Naushki.—Online

PST demands polls postponement L AHORE —Pakistan Sunni Tehrik has demanded postponement of elections for one month. Talking to media persons here on Wednesday, head of the Tehrik Sarwat Ijaz Qadri said it was not possible to run the election campaign in an atmosphere of terrorism and uncertainty. He said election offices and candidates are being targeted not only in Karachi but also in Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa. Sarwat Ijaz Qadri said they are not running from elections but want level playing field for all the contesting candidates. He said there is no harm in deployment of army for transparent and peaceful conduct of polls.—INP

RAWALPINDI: Secretary Defence Lt-Gen (Retd) Asif Yasin Malik receiving US Senator Joe Donnelly in Ministry of Defence.

Elections won’t be deferred at all: Zardari IRFAN ALIGI KARACHI—President Asif Ali Zardari reiterated his resolve that the general elections that had been scheduled for May 11 would be held the same day and would not be deferred under any situation. The general elevations were pivotal for the continuation of the democratic process in the country that the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) had ensured during its previous five year tenure in the government. The President said that the PPP had offered countless sac-

Eight Pakistanis detained at Nepal border MAHARAJGANJ—Eight people, including two women and four children, from Pakistan were detained here Wednesday morning while they were trying to enter India through the Nepal border. They were stopped by Sashastra Seema Bal at Sonauli in Maharajganj district for checking but failed to produce documents about their identity, PTI quoted SSB sources as saying. During questioning, one of them claimed that several years ago they had crossed over to Pakistan and had got married and settled there. Now they were trying to return home, sources said. They claimed that they belonged to Jammu and Kashmir and were coming from Kathmandu, the sources said. The SSB and local police are verifying their credentials.—Online

rifices for the democracy and despite the fact the elected democratic governments of the PPP were toppled, its leaders were martyred. The President expressed these views while talking to Sindh Governor Dr Ishrat Ul Ebad Khan, who called on the President Wednesday at the Bilawal House in Karachi. According to sources, the President said that the caretaker government had already been directed to take measures necessary for holding the general elections in the country in a peaceful environment. The se-

curity forces of the country and law enforcement agencies had also been asked to ensure fool proof security on the day of polling, May 11. Sindh Governor on the occasion apprised the President of steps taken by the caretaker Sindh government for the security of polling stations and ongoing targeted operations by Rangers and Police against the outlaws. The President asked the Governor to further enhance the security measures in the city and implement the security plan being devised for the polling day.

Moderate earthquake jolts upper parts of Pakistan, Kashmir I S L A M A B A D —Earthquake tremors were felt in upper parts of the country including Jammu and Kashmir region, Metrological Department said on Wednesday. According to the US Geological Survey, the earthquake measured 5.7 on the Richter scale with its epicenter Indian held Kashmir, some 88 km away from Jammu city in occupied valley. The tremors lasted for 15 second started at 12:01pm and were felt in Muzaffarabad, Mirpur, other areas of Azad J&K, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Sialkot, Faislabad, Peshawar, Parachinar, Mohmand Agency, Shabqadar, Swat, Chiniot, Lahore and other cities and towns of Upper Punjab and AJK. Following the tremors, citizens rushed to open spaces

fearing for their safety. No loss of life has been reported. Indian cities including national capital New Delhi, Jammu, Srinagar, Amartasar, Patyala, Chandigarh and other cities in northern part were also jolted with quake. Tremors were also felt in eastern Afghanistan and southern China. This was third tremors felt within a month as on April 16, a 7.8 earthquake with its epicenter in Iran was also felt across Pakistan. At least 40 people were killed in Mashakhel a town located on in Balochistan near the Pak-Iran border. On April 24, earthquake tremors were felt across Pakistan including in Parachinar, Mohmad Agency, Shabqadar, Swat, Peshawar, Islamabad, Chiniot and Lahore.—Online

Man kills wife, daughters, commits suicide

Punjab development budget for 2013-14 to be Rs200b SALIM AHMED LAHORE—The Punjab government has decided that the next development budget 2013-14 in the province would be Rs. 200 billion in which 80% of funds would be allocated for ongoing development schemes. In Southern Punjab, development funds would also be allocated according to the population’s ratio. This has been decided in the high level meetings of affairs of development budget of upcoming fiscal year 2013-14 presided over by the Punjab Chairman P&D Board Sohail Ahmad. Secretary P&D Arif Anwar Baloch, senior representatives of P&D department including provincial administrative Secretaries, project directors and other high officials of different departments also participated in the meetings. According to sources, Chief Minister Punjab Najam Sethi has also directed the Chairman P&D to release the funds for completion of ongoing development programes on top priority basis. Moreover, sources told that during the next fiscal year 2013-14, Rs.160 billion to Rs.170 billion would be available especially for development projects in the shape of cash.

According to these figures, provincial government has focused these development sectors included Education sector, Health sector, Social sector, Irrigation sector and Energy sector on his priorities. The Punjab government would also focus on the matters of waste water treatment plant and deduction in stagnant waste water ponds in the rural areas during the next fiscal year 201314. Under the directions of caretaker Chief Minister Punjab, the Punjab government would provide sufficient funds to complete

ISLAMABAD—A man allegedly committed suicide after shooting three women including his wife and two daughters here on Wednesday. According to details, the accused identified as Afzaal Raza gunned down his wife and two daughters over unknown dispute and later committed suicide by same weapon in Sector I-10/2 of the federal capital. 15-year-old Ahmed Raza s/ o of the murderer was the only person of the family who survived.—INP Police said that Afzaal Raza engaged in computer business hailed from Chakwal and he had recently shifted to ISLAMABAD—Election Commis- pregnant women to cast their staff at certain polling stations. Islamabad from Karachi for sion (EC) has directed polling votes first besides providing ev- The polling staff should not mete business purpose.—INP staff to extend all available facili- ery possible help to them so that out discriminatory treatment to ties to elderly, deaf and special no inconvenience is caused to any one in terms of electoral process. persons to facilitate them to cast them. EC further said elderly, handiEC said religious minorities votes. In the directives EC asked the have a specific problem to face capped, deaf persons and pregnant election staff to allow the elderly that they may meet discriminatory women face the problems of un, handicapped, deaf persons and treatment at the hands of polling dertaking long journeys.—Online ISLAMABAD—Like other parts of the globe, International Labour Day was observed across the country including Pakistan here on Wednesday (today) to renew pledge for protecting rights of workers. All government and private organisations, educational institutions and markets remained closed to observe Labour Day. Different political and labour organizations, particularly the labour wings of political parties and professional bodies organized programmes to highlight significance of the day and rights of the workers. Seminars and rallies were held in different cities to pay tribute to those who laid down their lives in Chicago in 1886 for the rights of the labourers. The President and the Prime Minister in their messages have pledged to uphold the rights of FAISALABAD: Chairman of Pakistan Ulema Council Allama Tahir Ashrafi speaks durthe working class.—Online ing a seminar on ‘Religious status of casting vote and women’s right of vote.’

Handicapped persons to cast their votes first

World Labour Day observed

Rebel gains in southern Syria sharpen Jordan’s dilemma AMMAN—The growing power a visit to Washington last week heightened Jordanian support Jordan, seizing military posts stan in the 1980s and also fought for what he said was a flawed of Islamist fighters in southern Syria is causing alarm in neighbouring Jordan, which backs rebels battling President Bashar al-Assad but fears those linked to al Qaeda. Similar concerns among Syria’s other neighbours, including Turkey and Israel, are complicating an already disjointed world response to the bloody turmoil at the heart of the Middle East. Jordan has allowed limited U.S. military training of rebels on its territory. Some other fighters have crossed from the kingdom into Syria, although others, especially Islamists, have been intercepted and even put on trial. Eighteen months ago, Jordan’s King Abdullah was the first Arab leader to urge Assad to step aside, but he used

to voice Jordan’s concern over “militant terrorist organisations” gaining ground along Syria’s southern frontier with the kingdom. His comments in the Oval Office alongside U.S. President Barack Obama underline fears that Jordan’s national security is now threatened by Islamists in Syria whose hatred of Assad is matched only by their hostility to the pro-Western monarchy. As a result, senior diplomats in Amman say, Jordan has resisted pressure from Gulf Arab states to step up arms shipments to rebels it believes might one day turn against it. Jordan is also concerned that Syria, which is widely believed to possess chemical weapons, might lash out in reprisal for any

for insurgents. “The fire will not stop at our border and everybody knows that Jordan is as exposed as Syria,” Assad said two weeks ago in an interview which depicted al Qaeda as a security concern for both countries - a message which resonated with many Jordanians. Syria’s rebel Nusra Front, one of the deadliest forces fighting to topple Assad, declared its allegiance to al Qaeda leader Ayman Zawahri earlier this month, formally cementing an alliance with a group which has targeted Jordan in the past. At the same time, Nusra Front fighters and other rebels have opened a new battlefront in southern Syria, a move which Assad blamed on the infiltration of thousands of militants from

the projects of energy sector to produce energy at the different canals. Moreover, development funds are being allocated to construct the buildings and improvement of the jails across the Punjab under the Jails reforms Project of honorable Chief Justice of Pakistan. Sources said that under the formulation of ADP 2013-14, the care taker Punjab government is focusing to complete all the ongoing development schemes of different provincial departments during the next fiscal year 201314 on his top priorities.

and swathes of land. “The security threat comes from the Nusra Front and the radical Islamic groups - if they win and are stationed on the Jordanian border, that causes problems from the army’s perspective,” said retired Jordanian Major-General Fayez Dwairi. Jordanian officials, who asked not to be identified, said limited security cooperation with Damascus was continuing. As well as the danger of fighting spilling over its border from Syria’s southern province of Deraa, Amman faces the familiar threat of young Jordanians joining a regional conflict and then returning home, battlehardened and radicalised. Jordanian-born Abu Musab alZarqawi travelled to Afghani-

in Iraq, from where he was believed to have planned attacks on hotels in Amman which killed dozens of people in November 2005. With the Syrian border just 75 miles (120 km) from Amman, the conflict in Jordan’s northern neighbour is much closer to Abdullah’s capital than the turmoil in Iraq ever was. So although Jordan has allowed the training of rebels on its territory and permitted some Gulf-funded arms shipments into Syria, it has rebuffed pressure to send larger consignments into the war zone, according to diplomats. “Jordan national strategic interests come first and before any Gulf agenda,” said a senior security official who asked not to be named, singling out Qatar

policy of empowering the Muslim Brotherhood, a longtime adversary of Jordan’s monarchy. The Brotherhood’s political wing in Jordan, the Islamic Action Front, has taken part in protests calling for political reform and denouncing subsidy cuts in the resourcepoor kingdom, which relies on Gulf grants to narrow its gaping budget deficit. Publicly, Jordan says it remains neutral in the conflict. Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour has even denied in parliament that Jordan hosts rebel training programmes - contradicting accounts from rebels and diplomats - and said the kingdom opposed any military intervention to overthrow Assad.—Reuters

Bomb kills two teenagers in Russia’s Dagestan MOSCOW—A bomb left in a bag exploded near a shopping mall in the capital of Russia’s turbulent Dagestan Republic on Wednesday, killing two teenagers, the internal ministry said. Mainly Muslim Dagestan, in recent years the home of the parents of the two suspects in the Boston Marathon bombing, has been affected by an Islamist insurgency for over a decade since a war in adjacent Chechnya, where Russian federal security forces forced Islamist separatists from power. “Two teenagers were killed and two men are in a hospital in a serious but stable condition,” a spokesman for the Russian Interior Ministry in Moscow said.—Reuters

Fructose effect on brain may explain link to obesity


NEW, preliminary imaging study that compares the effects of fruc tose and glucose on the brain has found differences that may explain why diets high in fructose may be behind the obesity epidemic. Upon examining brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of adult volunteers, first study author Kathleen A. Page of Yale University School of Medicine in the US, and colleagues, found ingestion of glucose but not fructose reduced blood flow and brain activity in regions of the brain that regulate appetite, and ingestion of glucose but not fructose, led to higher levels of hormones that produce feelings of fullness and satiety. They write about their findings in a paper published online in JAMA on 2 January. In the average western diet, fructose comes from two sources: as a natural compound in fruit, and as an added ingredient of processed foods. Food companies use fructose because it is sweeter than glucose and helps to stabilize processed foods. The main source of fructose in processed foods in the US is high fructose corn syrup, which is also used to improve the appearance of baked goods because it produces a more consistent browning. There is currently a debate about whether high fructose corn syrup is driv-

ing the obesity epidemic, which is likely to become more heated since the publication in 2012 of an extensive review in the International Journal of Obesity that found no evidence that consumption of high fructose corn syrup is to blame for the obesity crisis in the US.There are also concerns about links with type 2 diabetes. A more recent study by the University of Oxford and the University of Southern California suggests countries that use large amounts of high fructose corn syrup in their food may be helping to fuel the global epidemic of type 2 diabetes. An author of that study, Stanley Ulijaszek, Director of the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology at the University of Oxford, commented on the difference between consumption of naturally occuring fructose in fruit and artificially introduced fructose as in processed foods. He said: “... fructose in an apple is probably released slowly because of the fibre within the apple and because the fructose is inside the cells of the apple.” In their background information, Page and colleagues write how evidence from animal studies suggests that “fructose possibly increases food-seeking behavior and increases food intake”, and that “fructose ingestion produces smaller increases in circulating satiety hormones compared with glucose ingestion”.

RAWALPINDI: A Labour Day rally passing through Benazir Bhutto Road organized by Oil Tankers Association.

6 outlaws arrested ISLAMABAD —Islamabad Po-

lice on Wednesday arrested six outlaws from various areas of the city wanted by police in crime cases of heinous nature and recovered huge cache of weapons from them, a police spokesman said. According to details, SSP Islamabad assigned the task to DSP CIA to take prompt action against those selling weapons in an illegal manner. A special team headed by him raided at arms and ammunition shop in Tarmari Chowk and recovered five 12 bore rifles, three SMG guns, four pistols, one revolver and 50 bullets from it. Accuse Pervez Khan, running this business illegally was also arrested and he was being investigated. Meanwhile Sub-Inspector Saleem Ullah from CIA Police nabbed Sharif Ullah ISLAMABAD: Federal Minister for Overseas Pakistanis Barrister Feroze Jamal Shah and recovered one 30 bore Kakakhel, Ambassador of Netherlands Gajus Scheltema and Ambassador of Argentine pistol from him.—APP Rodolfo Martin Saravia during a reception to mark the investiture of King WillemAlexander of Netherlands, at a local hotel.—PO photo Sultan Bashir

Man kills wife, two daughters I SLAMABAD —A man allegedly committed suicide on Wednesday after killing his wife and two daughters due to yet unknown reasons, said police here on Wednesday. Afzaal Raza, a resident of Sector I-10/2 killed his wife Nomi Afzaal, 35 and both daughters Yasra Afzaal,15 and Lashma Afzaal,17. His son Ahmed Afzaal remained safe. Afzaal ran computer business in Rawalpindi. He committed suicide using his pistol, police said.—APP

May 2 ALLAMA Iqbal Open University’s final exams of matric, intermediate and bachelor for the semester Autumn, 2012 will start from Thursday.

Women play key role in economy I SLAMABAD —”Women al- reer development, recruitready playing a key role in Pakistan’s economy and strengthening their role in energy sector will create a real difference in national prosperity,” said Craig VanDevelde, Chief of Party of United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Power Distribution Program, at a gender equity workshop organized by the USAID to reinforce the role of women in the energy sector. He said that women’s equality is a prerequisite for the development of any country. The national economy is experiencing important losses because of low participation of women in the economy and this also makes women heavily dependent on their families. Development of a gender equity strategy for operations in the areas of employment and ca-

ments and treatment in a work place in DISCOs is a cross-cutting initiative of USAID Power Distribution Program,” Craig VanDevelde added. He said with inflation spiking to 12.7 percent against the 1.4 percent it has been for the past seven years, the single salary of the earning male member can no longer feed a family, thus necessitating women in the professional workforce. It is becoming imperative to double the number of the female workforce at a rapid pace; in order to achieve this missed opportunities for women must be identified. Further to this it is incumbent to pave the way for improvement of the working environment vis-à-vis gender balance, and instill an atmosphere that accepts women as assets and resources, he added.—Online

Encroachments in commercial areas ISLAMABAD —Vendors have have encroached on the encroached on footpaths in different commercial areas of twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, creating problems not only for the pedestrians but also in the smooth flow of traffic. The shopkeepers and vendors at Karachi Company, Aabpara, Faizabad, Bhara Kahu, Raja Bazaar, Commercial Market, Double Road and adjoining bazaars,

footpaths. Shopkeepers display goods on pavements while vendors put up stalls on footpaths, forcing pedestrians to walk in the middle of the roads. Residents complained that crossing the roads was very difficult for them because all footpaths had been covered with illegal encroachments.—Online

Security guard molests eunuch


security guard sexually assaulted a eunuch in G-11 sector of the federal capital while the police has failed to register the case despite medical confirmation of the crime. As per details, two eunuchs Shabana and Paro were present in their home in G-11 when a security guard Zulfiqar climbed over the wall entered the house and on gun point locked Shabana in a room and sexually assaulted Paro. Police took the victim to Complex Hospital for a medical examination and the assault was confirmed.—Online

Labour Day

Govt for education of workers’ children ISLAMABAD—Caretaker Fed- that their children might get scholarships after matricueral Minister for Human Resource Development, Barrister Feroz Jamal Shah has said that government is paying special attention to educate the children of workers and high standard schools are being established for the purpose. Addressing a ceremony held in connection with “May Day” here on Wednesday, Barrister Feroz Jamal Shah said that government was also establishing vocational and polytechnic schools so

jobs easily after completion of education. The caretaker Federal Minister said that government was paying one lac dowry grant for workers’ daughters and in case a worker died during his duty unfortunately, his family was paid 5 lac rupees from Workers Welfare fund. Caretaker Federal Minister said that workers’ children get three thousand and five hundred monthly

lation and all their expenses of higher education are behooved by the government. Federal Secretary Ahsan Raja said on this occasion that government was going to make a medical and dental college where 50 percent quota would be reserved for worker’s children. More so he added that Employees Old-age Benefits Institution is paying pensions to 4 lac pensioners.—INP

Election 2013

24 polling stations sensitive, CCTV cameras installed CITY REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has decided to set up 70 check posts at entry and exit points after preparing security plan of two National Assembly constituencies of Islamabad—NA-48, NA-49. According to security plan, 24 polling stations have been declared extremely sensitive while 65 are sensitive. ECP would establish security check post at 70 different entry and exit points while 18 check posts will be set up within capital city to ensure smooth and transpar-

ent holding of upcoming general elections. Sources in ECP said that 11 armored vehicles, 65 motorcycles, and 15 mobile vans will be used for frequent patrolling of police, besides deploying over 7,000 security personnel at polling stations on Election Day scheduled on May 11. Meanwhile, District Returning Officer (RO), Syed Maroof Ali Shah has approved the final list of polling stations in Rawalpindi district regarding the coming elections. According to polling scheme, 263, 120 voters would exercise their right to vote for 6 National and 14

Provincial assemblies in Rawalpindi district while 180000 officials would render their election duties. There would be 2149 polling stations in the district. There are total 39 polling stations for women in NA-50 while 40 for male and other 322 common polling stations for both male and females. While in NA-51 48 polling stations are for females and 53 for male and 267 polling stations are common for male and females. Decision has been taken to install close circuit cameras at 93 sensitive polling stations in district Rawalpindi.

CBR drops water bomb on citizens RAWALPINDI—Sky rocketing increase in water charges by Cantonment Board Rawalpindi (CBR) has sparked resentment among the citizens. CBR has issued notification with regard to upward revised water charges passing on the drastic impact to the consumers. Water bill per month has been increased from Rs 160 to Rs 200 in respect of 5 marlas houses, from Rs 240 to Rs 300 in respect of 7 marlar houses, from Rs 300 to Rs 400 for 10 marlas houses, from Rs 400 to Rs 500 in respect of 15 marla houses, from Rs 500 to Rs 650 in respect of one kanal houses and from Rs 650 to Rs 750 in respect of houses with area of more than one kanal.—Online

Clean and Green Islamabad ISLAMABAD—Capital Development Authority (CDA) would launch “Clean and Green Islamabad” campaign in G-9 sector from May 02 (today). The three days campaign would also be extended to I-10, G-10 and G-11 sectors of the federal capital. Chairman CDA, Syed Tahir Shahbaz has directed Environment wing, sanitation directorate, City Sewerage Division, Enforcement directorate, Municipal Administration, Water Supply and Engineering wing to ensure their participation in the campaign. Syed Tahir Shahbaz has requested residents to cooperate so as to make the campaign successful.—Online

Book launching, lectures at Literature Festival CITY REPORTER

lems in Pakistan. and Pakistan: conflict and sions. Besides, the experts on Extremism and on the Famous poets, literary I SLAMABAD —Two-day 1st strategic studies held delib- Nuclear Pakistan: An over- personalities and authors Islamabad Literature Festi- erations over Afghanistan view of the strategic dimen- writing in diverse languages, val closed here on Wednesday with over 15000 participants attending 35 sessions. Enthralled with conversations, book launching, lectures and reading sessions; the first Islamabad Literature Festival organized by the Oxford University Press (OUP) engrossed great number of visitors and celebrities. On second day of the festival debates were arranged on Urdu Afsanah, changes in the linguistics through the passage of time, Dastan or Shairi (Story and Poetry) and on the so- ISLAMABAD: Mrs Navid Shahzad speaks at reading and conversation session during lution of education prob- 1st Islamabad Literature Festival.

genres and traditions captivated the participants with readings and group discussions. They feature debates, discussions, lectures, mushaira, readings and book launches. Meanwhile, aspiring writers, H. M. Naqvi and Irshad Abdul Qadir shared advices and insights in a session on how to write a novel. To a question that why exchange and refund of books of OUP is not allowed on their outlets in Karachi, the Managing Director OUP Ammena Saiyid Obe told this scribe it is against the policy of OUP. People used to buy our books, then they want to return them without any reasons, therefore, exchange and return of books never been policy of the OUP.

8th Consumer Choice Awards Need to develop vegetable varieties L AHORE —Pakistan can earn handsome forex by developing qualitative and highly productive varieties of vegetables. Experts told APP on Wednesday, that scientists of Ayub Agriculture Research Institute, Faisalabad were working on such variety of melon which would be more sweet and have less seeds. Experts said that such varieties of vegetables should be introduced which give maximum produce. Vegetable Research Institute, Faisalabad was busy in preparing hybrid variety of vegetables to get maximum yield, they added. They said that new varieties of vegetables would definitely leave positive impact on the production of vegetables in the country. Experts further said that agriculture scientists should be aware of the problems of vegetables growers so that their problems could be resolved on priority.—APP

Protection of consumers interests necessary for sustainable econo-growth AMANULLAH KHAN K ARACHI —‘Protection of consumers’ interests is necessary for the national economic growth, as this is only way to restore consumers’ confidence in picking up products and services based on their own likes and dislikes’. This was said by President Asif Ali Zardari in his exclusive message on 8th Consumer Choice Awards held in Karachi. Annually celebrated on a national level, Consumer Choice Awards happens to be the most distinctive corporate event wherein awards are conferred to manufacturers and services providers

solely on the basis of consumers’ choice and preferences. 8th Consumer Choice Awards was sponsored by Schneider Electric, Dalda, Shizan, Laser In, UFone, Delux, Zong, Fritolay, Nestle, Air Blue, EFU, ZIC, Metro, TCS, Coca Cola, National Bank of Pakistan, and Hakim Sons, and HTC. Mr. Khalid Tawab Caretaker Provincial Minister of Commerce and Industries was the chief guest on this occasion. In his special message, President Asif Ali Zardari congratulated all awards winners in 8th Consumer Choice Awards, and said

that these types of events promote trading activities to a large scale, wherein companies strive hard to provide high quality products and services to consumers. Speaking on the occasion, Caretaker Provincial Minister of Commerce and Industries Mr. Khalid Tawab said, “We all need to work collectively in order to promote business and trading activities in the country”. Other distinguished personalities who addressed in the ceremony were Mr. Kokab Iqbal Chairman Consumer Association of Pakistan, Mr. S. M. Munir President of India Pakistan

Silkbank posts losses STAFF REPORTER

quarter, and the impact of the discount rate cuts last year, Air-passenger traffic KARACHI—The Board of Di- resulted in the bank posting rectors of Silkbank Limited, in a loss of Rs 219 million for up 5.9% in March their meeting held on April 27, the quarter. However, with GENEVA —The globe’s air- announced the quarterly repassenger traffic rose by a sults of the bank for the quarsolid 5.9 percent in March ter-ended March 31, showing compared with a year ago, growth in deposits and revfuelled by strong perforenues. The bank significantly mances in emerging improved the deposit mix, markets, the International through increase in low-cost Air Transport Association current and saving accounts. said Wednesday. “Strong The bank had made strategic demand for air travel is investments in new business consistent with improving lines, credit card and Islamic business conditions,” IATA banking business, last year chief Tony Tyler said in a which was received posithe revenue pipeline from statement. “Performance, tively by the market. however, has been uneven. The investments related new businesses and the exMature markets are seeing to the promotion and expan- isting product portfolio, the relatively little growth while sion of new businesses in- bank is well positioned to inemerging markets continue cluding launch of new Islamic crease revenues and declare to show a robust expanbanking branches in the first profits for the full year 2013. sion.” Part of the rise may be attributable to traffic related to the Easter holiday, which occurred in March this year versus April 2012, IATA underSTAFF REPORTER lined. But it said that the seasonally-adjusted trend K ARACHI —The after-tax continued to show strong profit of Adamjee Insurance growth, with demand Company for the first quarexpanding at an 8.0-percent ter of 2013 increased 84.4% annualised rate in the six to Rs703.5 million, according months since October 2012. to the consolidated interim Carriers’ capacity meanprofit and loss account of the while rose by 3.5 percent company for the three-month compared to March 2012, period released to the pushing up the load factor Karachi Stock Exchange. by 1.8 percentage points to While the net premium 80.3 percent. International revenues of the company inpassenger demand rose by creased 20.4% to Rs2.1 bil6.0 percent, with Latin lion, after-tax profit rose America and the Middle sharply on the back of other East the driving force. STAFF REPORTER investment income, which Domestic markets also was up 140.1% in Januaryexperienced strong growth, March 2013 compared to the I SLAMABAD —One-go Resas traffic increased by 5.7 corresponding quarter in cue Plan for the revitalisation percent, driven by demand 2012. Earnings per share in- of Pakistan Steel Mills (PSM) within China.—AFP creased from Rs3.08 to and to set it as a profitable proposed. Rs5.89 in the three-month organization Shahzada Ahsan Ashraf period. UAE, UK sign two Among liabilities, net Sheikh Federal Minister for MoUs claims witnessed a drop of Industries and Production DUBAI—The Governments 13%, while expenses also re- talking to caretaker Prime of the United Arab Emirates mained largely flat, ultimately Minister Mir Hazaar Khan and of the United Kingdom resulting in a higher level of Khoso presented him a comtoday signed two memoprofit. Net investment in- prehensive plan and proranda of understanding on come from the statutory fund posed a subsidy of Rs 11 bilthe creation of a Dialogue of also increased 220.2% over lion to up grade the technolValues and Qualification of the same period. An increase ogy, make the sick units opFrameworks. Shaikh of Rs1.2 billion in the rental erational and to enhance the Abdullah bin Zayed Al income of the company also production capacity of the Nahyan, the UAE Foreign helped the bottom line grow PSM. He proposed in order to Minister, signed on behalf year-on-year. make PSM financially stable, of the UAE, while the British Rs 5 billion interest on loan Foreign Secretary, William payable to the National Bank Hague, signed on behalf of of Pakistan be waived off. the United Kingdom. The Finance Ministry will present two memoranda were signed its recommendations on the as part of the State Visit of proposal on Thursday. Fedthe President His Highness STAFF REPORTER Shaikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan to the United K ARACHI —Atlas Honda Kingdom. The Dialogue of Values will be supervised by Limited – the biggest producer of motorcycles in Pakithe UAE-UK Taskforce, jointly chaired by Dr Anwar stan – posted after-tax profit of Rs1.6 billion in the finanMohammed Gargash, STAFF REPORTER cial year ended March 2013, Minister of State for an impressive growth of 33% Foreign Affairs, and Alistair KARACHI—Pakistan PetroBurt, British Parliamentary compared to net earnings of leum (PPL) reported its perRs1.2 billion in FY12 as sales Under Secretary for Foreign rose amid launch of new mod- formance for the first nine and Commonwealth els. The company also an- months of fiscal 2013 to the Affairs.—Agencies nounced a final cash dividend Karachi Stock Exchange of Rs7.5 per share for the year, (KSE) on Tuesday, where it according to a communica- bagged Rs33.53 billion durtion sent to the Karachi Stock ing the period against Exchange (KSE) on Tuesday. Rs32.27 billion in the comThe board of directors parable period of the precedalso recommended issuance ing fiscal year. Men err when they Increased production of of bonus shares in the prothink they can be oil and gas coupled with portion of one bonus share inhuman exploiters in for every four shares held. lower operating expenses their business life, Earnings per share stood at amplified the explorer’s botand loving husbands Rs19.44 in FY13 against tom-line by 4%, according and fathers at home. Rs14.56 in the previous year. to a copy of the results sent

Adamjee Insurance records rise

Atlas Honda posts impressive growth

The Board has set a clear strategy for 2013, after fresh capital injection of Rs 2.2 billion at the end of March, 2013. This will enable the bank to expand its branch network to support the continued reduction in cost of funds. Furthermore, with the asset-base mix moving towards higher yielding assets, margins are set to widen in the future, ensuring higher profitability in the coming years. In addition, the bank will continue to make its cost base increasingly efficient through greater synergies, process re-engineering while rigorously growing its new business initiatives and ensuring the future robustness of the existing businesses as well.

Minister for revitalisation of PSM

eral Minister said the PSM was going in loss and needed bold and courageous decisions and the One-go Rescue Plan presented to the Prime Minister would prove to be a panacea for all the ills of PSM. He said he imposed a strict ban on recruitment in PSM, as the Mills could not bear the financial burden of more employees. He was of the view half-hearted efforts and injecting insignificant amounts to revive PSM did not work well in the past. A whole-hearted effort was required to accomplish this gigantic task, therefore he has suggested an elaborate plan, which would work under the supervision of a high-level committee, he added. The minister said this plan would ensure PSM would achieve its 70 percent production capacity by August this year.

Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Mr. Mian Zahid Hussain Chief Minister ’s Advisor for Information Technology (IT), Mr. Abdul Haseeb Khan Senator and President of Brookes Pharma, Mr. Nazeer Hussain Deputy Director PSQCA, Mr. Khwaja M. Yousuf CEO National Productivity Organization of Ministry of Industries, Mr, Arif Ansari Chairman CPA Punjab Region, Mr. Mian Irfan Akram Vice Chairman Legal Affairs, Mr, Anwer Aziz JakarataWala, Mr. Mohammad Ishaque Abbasi, and Mr. KARACHI: A petrol pump worker installing the new price tag after reduction in the Mujib-ur-Rehman, and prices of petroleum products in the country. many others.

Dollar loses against rupee STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —The dollar retreated against the rupee in the interbank market, dealers said. It began the day’s trading at Rs 98.47 for buying, fell three paisas and closed at Rs 98.44 for buying and Rs 98.49 for selling. The euro also closed lower versus the local currency as it initiated the day’s trading at Rs 128.81 for buying, dipped by 11 paisas and closed at Rs 128.70 for buying and Rs 128.90 for selling. Likewise, the pound sterling posted losses against the rupee as it started the day’s trading at Rs 152.98 for buying, slipped 34 paisas and closed at Rs 152.64 for buying and Rs 152.84 for selling. Open market: The dollar decreased against the rupee, dealers said. It opened the day’s trading at Rs 99.80 for buying, fell five paisas and closed at Rs 99.75 for buying and Rs 99.95 for selling. The European currency recorded losses against the rupee as it initiated the day’s trading at Rs 130 for buying, shed Rs 1.25 and closed at Rs 128.75 for buying and Rs 130 for selling.

CVS Caremark posts higher profit NEW YORK—CVS Caremark Corp posted higher quarterly profit on Wednesday, as a more severe cold and flu season boosted sales and more new generic drugs hit the market. CVS said net income rose to $956 million, or 77 cents per share, in the quarter ended March 31, from $776 million, or 59 cents, a year earlier. Revenue in the pharmacy benefits management (PBM) unit, which administers drug benefits for employers and health plans and runs a large mail order pharmacy, rose 0.1 percent to $18.31 billion. Revenue in the retail division rose 0.2 percent to $10.05 billion. Overall revenue slipped 0.1 percent to $30.76 billion in the quarter.—AFP

Measures to be taken to enhance trade with neighbours STAFF REPORTER

RAWALPINDI—Secretary Ministry of Commerce Munir Qureshi has said trade relations with South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) countries and especially with Sri Lanka would be enhanced on priority basis and solid measures would also be taken to endorse the trade relations with all neighbouring countries. He said that Ministry appreciated Rawalpindi Cham-

ber of Commerce and Industry (RCCI) for organising 10 Single Country Exhibitions in a calendar year in SAARC countries including Sri Lanka. Government will facilitate RCCI for promoting local products in the world trade markets and business community will be taken on board in the policy making process in future, he added. Talking to President RCCI Khurshid Sheikh along with Sri Lankan High Commissioner Jayalath Weerakkody and Director General Com-

FCCL posts Rs1.18 EPS OBSERVER REPORT K ARACHI —Fauji Cement Company (FCCL) on Tuesday announced 9MFY13 Earning Per Share (EPS) of Rs1.18 against Rs0.11 of the same period last fiscal year. FCCL’s new production line enabled it to post volumetric growth of 26 percent. Aided further by rising net retention price, the company recorded topline growth of 56 percent to Rs11.6 billion as against Rs7.5 billion during the corresponding period last year, analysts said. They said that revenue per ton of the company rose by 24 percent to Rs6,311 as against Rs5,082 during the same period previous year while cost per bag inched up 8 percent. This resulted in gross margins expansion by 10pps to 32 percent.

ISLAMABAD—In recognition of the extraordinary achievements and contributions in the field of education, JS Bank and Mahvash& JahangirSiddiqui Foundation hasdonated an ambulance to Al-Azeem Public School system along with undertaking other initiatives to support the local community. JS Bank in collaboration with Mahvash& Jahangir Siddiqui Foundation has further pledged to continue its support to Al-Azeem public school system in the field of education and social work in tehsil Kahuta.

K ARACHI —Trading at the Benefiting from lower interest rate environment FCCL’s finance cost came down by 4 percent to Rs1.15bn. In 3QFY13 the company posted profit of Rs647 million (EPS Rs0.49) as against Rs562 million (EPS Rs0.42) in 2QFY13, up 15 percent, they said. Despite contraction in margins at gross level, lower financial charges that stems from slower declining interest rates and PKR devaluation as against USD to be the prime imputes for FCCL’s profitability growth in 3QFY13, they added.

Al-Azeem Public School System has enormous contributions in the field of education for deprived children of the society in tehsil Kahuta. The students of AlAzeem public school system include 350 children of poor locals and 300 orphans who are being provided totally free education. It has made some notable achievements as over 30 graduates of Al-Azeem public school system are currently studying in elite colleges of Pakistan including Cadet College HasanAbdal, PAF College Lower Topa and Military College of Jhelum.

Pak Petroleum bags Rs33.5b in nine months to the KSE. In his interim review of the results, PPL Chairman Mohsin Aziz said that “profitability during the current nine months ending March 31, 2013 improved due to increase in oil sales volume, impact of higher international oil prices and depreciation of the rupee against the US dollar.” Resultantly in the ninemonth period, PPL’s revenues clocked in 8% higher at Rs77.177 billion compared to Rs71.511 billion in the corresponding period of last fiscal. Volumetric gas sales were down 9.8% to 226,181 million

cubic feet, oil sales were up 14% at 2.54 million barrels, whereas liquefied petroleum gas sales shrunk 20% to 12,745 tons. Despite the drop in gas sales, favourable wellhead prices helped boost the top-line. Moreover, higher oil prices coupled with increased production and 8% rupee depreciation also supported the growth in revenues. On the contrary, considerable increase in field expenses to Rs24.1 billion on account of higher exploration activity severely dampened performance, said Muhammad Ismail, analyst at

BMA Capital. During the period, PPL’s investment activities fared very well, as its other income grew by Rs358 million as a result of comparatively higher investments. However, the income was partially offset by lower interest rates. Furthermore, Byco Petroleum paid back its debts of Rs25 million to PPL, which was adjusted in other income, providing a muchneeded boost to the company’s bottom-line. Finance costs of the explorer rose even in the lowerinterest environment, as the company seeks to expand

Grade issue persists amid dull trading at cotton market STAFF CORRESPONDENT

JS Bank donates ambulance STAFF REPORTER

merce Department Ministry of Commerce Sri Lanka P D Fernando on Tuesday Qureshi said government appreciated the role of RCCI in strengthening the national economy and vowed RCCI would be facilitated for promotion of business activities. He said Ministry was making all out efforts to enhance trading activities with other countries of the world and private sector would also be cherished in this regard.

locally and abroad through mergers and acquisitions. During the January-March quarter, PPL set up a subsidiary in Dubai, United Arab Emirates with the name of PPL Asia DMCC to develop infrastructure in its Iraq field. Secondly, the company acquired MND Exploration and Production with holding interests in five fields in Pakistan and one in Yemen and renamed it PPL Europe E&P. From the date of acquisition, PPL Europe E&P contributed Rs62 million and Rs22 million to PPL’s revenue and profits respectively.

cotton market remained dull with firm spot rate while grade issue, traders at the Karachi Cotton Association (KCA) said. The KCA kept the spot rate unchanged at Rs 6,600 per maund, floor brokers said. Trading in Sindh and Punjab stations remained dull with selective buying on grades issue as fine lint was not available at every station in plenty on back of depleting stocks. Mills in Punjab and Sindh stations bought all grades in limited number to strengthen their inventories besides they made deals for fine lint at around Rs 6,825 per maund to meet domestic as well as foreign cloth orders, said traders. Grade is still a major issue and supportive to price of better grades besides low grade lots’ availability is putting pressure on sellers’ negotiating terms as they were bound to offer their lots on buyers’ terms. Leading buyers are still eyeing better quality of lint for finished products for export as crop season 2012-13 is going to end in around May 2013. More than 2,000 bales changed hands with more than 75 percent of Punjab’s share in trading. “The quality conscious buyers are still eyeing better grades while second grade is also in greater demand for blending purposes by the textile sector,” said an analyst. “Since short supply of fine grades is on the rise for those who wants to produce better cloth and yarn, the fine lint holders remained confident for prices to stabilise in the next coming trading sessions.” The general buyers in Punjab and Sindh stations bought selective lots on back of financial crunch on competitive rates at around Rs 5,350 per maund to Rs 5,425 per maund. Spinners in Punjab and Sindh stations made forward deals for a month’s delivery period on competitive prices at around Rs 5,475 per maund while in Sindh stations private sector commercial exporters made deals for all grades at around Rs 5,125 per maund to Rs 5,550 per maund, floor brokers added.


































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KARACHI—Following were the bullion rates in major cities yesterday.

I SLAMABAD —Pakistan’s investment policy is to actively seek foreign investment by offering a broad array of incentives to attract new capital inflows. This was stated by Maqbool H. H. Rahimtoola, Minister for Commerce, who is leading the Pakistan delegation at the Annual Investment Meeting (AIM) in Dubai, a press release received here Wednesday said. The Minister pointed out that investment policy of Pakistan is very liberal and opens new vistas to local as well as foreign investors for investment in various sectors of economy so as to keep Pakistan competitive in inter-

national market and make it a viable place for foreign investment. The World Bank, he said, has ranked Pakistan at number three in South Asia in comparison to other countries including India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh in “ease of doing business”. “This higher ranking indicates better and stronger regulation for business and better protection of property rights and it also highlights Pakistan’s openness for trade and investment,” he added. He said confidence of the investors can be seen from the fact that the Karachi Stock Exchange has gone up by 394% since

January 2009 to the close on this last Friday. “This increase is not speculative, it is based on the rate of return and growth displayed by these companies’ dividends and profits,” he emphasized. Chairman Sindh Board of Investment, Zubair Motiwala made a comprehensive briefing on investment policies, incentive package and tremendous potential available in the field of oil and gas, agriculture and energy sector and highlighted the policy parameters which allow 100 percent foreign equity in the major sectors and full repatriation of profits and dividends in all the secISLAMABAD: Group photo of the participants of Gender Equity Workshop for IESCO staff organized by the USAID tors.—APP Power Distribution Programme.

factory data New Audit Manuals for DISCOs PIDA strengthens institutional Jobs, point to slowing role of farmer organizations economy STAFF REPORTER


KARACHI: Gold Tezab Silver Tezabi

Pak offers vast incentives to foreign investors

48857.00 831.42

Power Distribution Program



L AHORE —The Punjab Irri-

Gold Tezabi (24-Ct) 47900.00 Gold 22 Ct 46010.00 SilverTezabi 895.00 Silver Thobi 815.00

gation and Drainage Authority (PIDA) has strengthened the institutional role of farmer organizations in the irrigation sector reforms and this has helped to curtail non developmental expenditures. This was stated by General Manager PIDA MianMaqbool Ahmad while presiding over a departmental meeting at his office to review the capacity building programme of the farmer organizations. The meeting was attended by Deputy General Manager (Training) Syed ShaiqHussainAbidi, Deputy General Manager (Operation)

Eurozone rate cut likely as ECB meets in Bratislava BRATISLAVA—The European Central Bank, meeting in the Slovakian capital of Bratislava on Thursday, could cut its interest rates from current record lows and also unveil new measures to kick-start stymied bank lending, analysts say. Many ECB watchers agree that a further reduction in the bank’s “refi” refinancing rate—held at an historic low of 0.75 percent since July 2012—may not actually prove very effective. But the central bank has few other weapons at its disposal for the time being, analysts argue. “The latest deterioration of sentiment indicators has clearly increased the chances for more ECB action this week. Indeed, the majority of financial market participants even seem to be expecting a rate cut,” said ING DiBa economist Carsten Brzeski. But the expert said the case for such a move was not quite so clear-cut. “A rate cut without additional efforts to repair the transmission mechanism would quickly go up in smoke and could even be regarded as an act of desperation,” Brzeski said. “It is hard to believe that the ECB would first cut rates and come up with a broader SME (small and medium-sized enterprises) funding scheme later.” ECB board member Joerg Asmussen cautioned last week that additional monetary easing may not actually prove very effective, since it would not reach the countries, or the areas of the economy, that would need it most. Given the high level of fragmentation of eurozone credit markets, with the countries worst affected by the debt crisis having to pay higher premia than core countries, the so-called monetary policy transmission mechanism cannot function properly. That is the process through which monetary policy decisions feed through into the real economy via a wide range of factors, including money market interest rates and expectations. Furthermore, even though the ECB has pumped unprecedented amounts of liquidity into banks, those banks do not appear to be lending it on to small and medium-sized enterprises—which form the backbone of the eurozone economy. Indeed, SME access to bank loans is continuing to deteriorate, new data showed last week. Markit chief economist Chris Williamson said the ECB’s decision-making governing council “is widely expected to deliver a quarterpoint cut in its main policy rate after disappointing survey data highlighted the spread of the region’s downturn to Germany. “Analysts are also hoping to see the ECB discuss non-standard measures, notably to help lift banking lending in the region’s struggling periphery,” Williamson said.—AFP

Mian Abdul Rashid and other concerned officers. The meeting held a detailed review of capacity building programmes of the FOs and termed them important in achieving the goals and objective of irrigation sector reforms. During the meeting, GM PIDA was told that first phase of training of general body and management committee members of farmer organizations in the area water boards of Derajat Canal Circle Dera Ghazi Khan and Lower Bari Doab Canal Circle Sahiwal has been completed successfully. During the training, the participants were apprised about different technical, revenue and administrative

issues pertaining to the irrigation sector so that they could perform their functions in an amicable and professional way. The meeting was further told that comprehensive training plan for the farmer members of these two area water boards has also been chalked out and will be implemented soon. The GM PIDA expressed the satisfaction that practical training of 70 farmer organizations of Bahawalnagar Canal Circle area water board has been completed as well. This training process will greatly help to ensure efficient distribution of water, curtailing water theft as well as better collection of Abiana, the meeting was further told.

WASHINGTON—The number organized a one-day workof Americans filing new claims for unemployment benefits rose last week and factory activity in the nation’s MidAtlantic region cooled in April, further signs of a moderation in economic growth. Underscoring the softening growth outlook, another report showed a gauge of future economic activity fell in March for the first time in seven months. They were the latest data to indicate a stepback in the economy after a brisk start to the year as tighter fiscal policy began to weigh. “The evidence is mounting that the economy lost momentum in March and that has carried to April,” said Ryan Sweet, a senior economist at Moody’s Analytics in West Chester, Pennsylvania. Economic data for January and February suggested that growth accelerated in the first quarter after activity almost stalled in the final three months of 2012.

RCCI’s new building to be constructed within 180 days

RAWALPINDI: RCCI President Manzar Khursheed Sheikh and others laying the foundation stone of the new chamber’s building.

Challenges in agriculture can be met by embracing biotechnology STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —Pakistan can address challenges in agriculture by embracing biotechnology as globally the adoption of genetically modified crops has been a success with proven socio-economic benefits. In addition to meeting food security challenge, genetically modified/biotech crops offer multiple economic, crop management, productivity, and environmental benefits. Benefits that these crops offer include, but not limited to, better yields and guarding against insect pests and weeds as well as being cost effective and less labour intensive, say biotech industry representatives. They were giving briefing to a delegation of the Agricultural Journalists As-

sociation (AJA) about latest agricultural technologies including biotechnology during their visit to Monsanto Pakistan’s state-of-the-art research centre in Manga Mandi, where the company is conducting field trials of its GM corn product “VT Double Pro” and various vegetables and fruits. The journalists also visited the field trails site On the occasion, Monsanto Pakistan Regulatory Affairs Lead Muhammad Asim, Breeding Lead Abdul Ghffar and other company officials briefed the visitors about the benefits of GM corn as well as biotechnology and answered their queries. They informed the journalists that their company had completed the field trials of GM corn and now they

were awaiting government’s approval to launch the product in the market. They claimed that GM corn can increase the productivity of corn, an important food crop after wheat and rice, by considerably decreasing the losses caused by insect pests and weeds. They said that farmers were well aware of this problem with no solution. They said Pakistan already had a quantum jump in corn production after introduction of hybrid varieties. They said that corn is sown on one million hectares in Pakistan including 445,000 hectares in Punjab and 550,000 hectares in Khyber Pakhtunkhawa province. They said consumption of corn in Pakistan is approximately about 3.8 million tones and its increasing.

RAWALPINDI—New building of Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (RCCI) will be completed within 180 days said President RCCI, Manzar Khursheed Sheikh. RCCI here on Wednesday held a groundbreaking ceremony for its new building. Senior most member of RCCI and former President Iqbal Ahmed Sheikh, Group leader Najam-ul-Haq Malik and senior staff member of RCCI Baba Mumtaz Ali laid the foundation stone. While on this occasion, president RCCI Manzar Khursheed Sheikh, Senior Vice President Pervaiz Ahmed Warriach, Vice President Nadeem Rauf, former presidents, members executive committee and others were present. A stone was laid at a simple ceremony to mark the foundation of the new building after Quran Khawani and dua. President RCCI addressing the participants said that construction of the new building was a long-standing dream of the chamber which is going to be fulfilled. It is great honour for me, he added. He informed that modern facilities would be available in the new building and seminars would be held on daily basis for the capacity building of RCCI members so that they could be made not only successful businessmen but also useful citizens of the country.—APP

ADB provides $73m to rehabilitate Pakpattan canal, Suleimanki barrage STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of Pakistan today signed an agreement to invest US$ 73 million in rehabilitating the Pakpattan Canal and Suleimanki Barrage in Pakistan’s Punjab province. “The rehabilitation of Pakpattan and its linked cannels, and installation of new gates at Suleimanki barrage will reduce water losses and will improve water delivery systems benefitting about 2.6 million people in four farming dis-

tricts,” said Werner Liepach, ADB’s Country Director for Pakistan. “The Pakpattan Canal and Suleimanki Barrage Improvement Project is part of the phased up-grading of Punjab’s obsolete irrigation infrastructure and associated facilities. An efficient irrigation system is vital to maintain agricultural outputs and competitiveness, this project aims to rehabilitate nearly century old canals and barrage to ensure reliable water supply vital to boost incomes of farming families in the country’s breadbasket districts. He added.

The annual water leakages through damaged gates of the Suleimanki Barrage exceed 267 million cubic meters, and the Pakpattan Canal and its structures are also badly deteriorated resulting in disorder in regulating flows and high losses. In Punjab, Pakistan’s most populous province, irrigated farming accounts for 26 percent of its gross domestic product and employs over 40 percent of its labor force. The province’s 14 barrages supply water for irrigation though an elaborate network of 22 main and link canals. The investment is part of the $900 million

shop for the Board members and Finance Directors of Power Distribution Companies (DISCOs). The workshop highlighted the success and rollout of the recently completed accounting manual. The accounting manual updates the DISCO’s legacy manual, which was last revised in the 1980’s, and provides DISCOs with a manual consistent with that of a best practices modern electric utility. It will act as a comprehensive finance and accounting resource which is fully compliant with all governmental, regulatory and International

Accounting Standards as applicable in Pakistan. Job descriptions, supported by documented detail, are included and will serve as a tool for training, performance reviews, evaluations and promotions. “Our main objective is to assist DISCOs in improving their performance and efficiency, therefore revised accounting manual shall help in achieving our objective” Craig VanDevelde, Chief of Party of the USAID Power Distribution Program said on the occasion “We are also working on reducing energy losses and assisting with installation of technical equipment in DISCOs which will bring improvement in revenue and reduction in losses”.

“The DISCO can look forward to an accounting manual which will be a critical financial resource and help improve the DISCO’s financial reporting practices” Said Gary Bartlett, Finance expert of USAID Power Distribution Program. The USAID Power Distribution Program is a fiveyear USAID-funded project. Through this program, the United States Government provides assistance to the Government of Pakistan in its efforts to reform the power sector and mitigate the current energy crisis. The Program is helping government-owned DISCOs improve their performance by reducing losses, increasing revenues and enhancing customer services.

ACCA launches new award for Oil prices drop on weak aspiring finance professionals STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—ACCA held a Foundation Diploma Launch ceremony, the first in the series of launch events for the new Foundation Diploma. The Foundation Diploma provides essential knowledge and skills for those students without relevant training, and serves as a clear entry route onto ACCA’s main accountancy qualification called the ACCA Qualification. “We want all our aspiring finance professionals here in Pakistan to have every opportunity for success, so we have been working closely with learning partners here to develop this Foundation Diploma,” said Noor Aftab, head of ACCA Islamabad in her opening comments. Students will be expected

to take all seven exams to gain the Foundation Diploma and will then be eligible for the ACCA Qualification. With computer based exams available all year, and paper exams twice a year, the Foundation Diploma student could complete the entire Diploma in less than 12 months. The event also included a lively panel discussion on the theme ‘Starting from the Foundation’ for which M Uzair, Director Internal Audit, Tourism Promotion Services, ManzarKhurshid Sheikh, President, Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry, IzzatJahan, Chief Instructor, National Institute of Management, Dr AfraSajjad, head of Education MENASA, ACCA and Noor Aftab, head of ACCA Islamabad were the panellists.

Islamic financial system capturing attention STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The Pakistan Economy Watch (PEW) on Wednesday expressed concern over receding gold and silver prices terming it a sign of shrinking economic activity on the global scale. Contracting economic activity is because of incoherent policies of western banks causing falling demand, is said. Sharpest decline in gold prices in 30 years is a turning point on the global economic map since financial crisis in 2008 after which investors lost interest in paper money and shifted towards gold, said Dr Murtaza Mughal, President Pakistan Economy Watch. He said that gold tripled in value in last three years before a recent downturn

which is amazing as no government can print gold like their currencies. Western central banks have been pumping trillions of dollars into the system to overcome crisis but most of the money is being used for speculation which should have been used to finance projects to stimulate demand, he observed. Dr Murtaza Mughal said that sliding gold prices is seen by some as failure of global capitalist economy which can now only be sustained by China and other emerging markets. Many western economies are performing lower than expected hitting lives of people which has resulted in reduced demand while many investors are offloading precious metal resulting in sharp fall in the prices, he noted.

Chinese data

LONDON—World oil prices slid Wednesday on weak Chinese and US economic data and ahead of the latest weekly snapshot of energy inventories in the United States. Brent North Sea crude for delivery in June fell 80 cents to stand at $101.57 a barrel in London midday deals. New York’s main contract, West Texas Intermediate (WTI) for June shed 75 cents to $92.71 a barrel. “Crude oil prices retreated... on Wednesday with Brent sliding lower below $101 per barrel, as disappointing Chinese PMI manufacturing data weighed on market sentiment,” said Myrto Sokou, senior research analyst at Sucden brokers. Manufacturing activity in China slowed slightly in April from the previous month, official data showed, in a sign of further weakness in the world’s second-biggest economy. The purchasing managers’ index (PMI) dropped to 50.6 in April, down from 50.9 the month before, according to the National Bureau of Statistics and the China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing (CFLP). The PMI is a widely watched indicator of the health of the Chinese economy, with a reading above 50 indicating expansion while anything below that points to contraction. Oil prices had meanwhile slumped on Tuesday after an index on US manufacturing activity in the Chicago area unexpectedly dived into contraction territory in April. Markets were awaiting the release Wednesday of US energy stockpiles data, as well as the outcome of key central bank policy meetings this week., with expectations that stimulus will keep flowing in a bid to prop up economic growth. —AFP

multi-tranche finance facility (MFF) for the Punjab Irrigated Agriculture Investment Program (PIAIP) approved by ADB in 2006 to co-finance investment in Punjab’s irrigation sector. The first two tranches were invested in improving the Lower Bari Doab Canal, Balloki Barrage and the New Khanki Barrage. ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth and regional integration. Established in 1966, it is owned by 67 members 48 from the region. BANNU: Farmers are busy in cutting the wheat in a Bannu farm.

Fructose effect on brain may explain link to obesity


NEW, preliminary imaging study that compares the effects of fruc tose and glucose on the brain has found differences that may explain why diets high in fructose may be behind the obesity epidemic. Upon examining brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of adult volunteers, first study author Kathleen A. Page of Yale University School of Medicine in the US, and colleagues, found ingestion of glucose but not fructose reduced blood flow and brain activity in regions of the brain that regulate appetite, and ingestion of glucose but not fructose, led to higher levels of hormones that produce feelings of fullness and satiety. They write about their findings in a paper published online in JAMA on 2 January. In the average western diet, fructose comes from two sources: as a natural compound in fruit, and as an added ingredient of processed foods. Food companies use fructose because it is sweeter than glucose and helps to stabilize processed foods. The main source of fructose in processed foods in the US is high fructose corn syrup, which is also used to improve the appearance of baked goods because it produces a more consistent browning. There is currently a debate about whether high fructose corn syrup is driv-

ing the obesity epidemic, which is likely to become more heated since the publication in 2012 of an extensive review in the International Journal of Obesity that found no evidence that consumption of high fructose corn syrup is to blame for the obesity crisis in the US.There are also concerns about links with type 2 diabetes. A more recent study by the University of Oxford and the University of Southern California suggests countries that use large amounts of high fructose corn syrup in their food may be helping to fuel the global epidemic of type 2 diabetes. An author of that study, Stanley Ulijaszek, Director of the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology at the University of Oxford, commented on the difference between consumption of naturally occuring fructose in fruit and artificially introduced fructose as in processed foods. He said: “... fructose in an apple is probably released slowly because of the fibre within the apple and because the fructose is inside the cells of the apple.” In their background information, Page and colleagues write how evidence from animal studies suggests that “fructose possibly increases food-seeking behavior and increases food intake”, and that “fructose ingestion produces smaller increases in circulating satiety hormones compared with glucose ingestion”.

KARACHI: Chairman Railway Workers Union Manzoor Ahmad Raza join hands with other labour union leaders to mark the International Labour Day at Cantt railway station

Altaf lauds Kayani for bold stance

PR workers take out rallies to mark World Labour Day


KARACHI—Pakistan Railway Chicago that paved way for contribution of its labour force.

and Leader of Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) Mr Altaf Hussain hailed the address of Chief of Army Staff Gen. Ashfaq Pervez Kayani to the armed forces on the Martyrs Day. He said that Gen. Kayani deserved to be praised greatly for expressing his point of view on highly sensitive issues in a bold manner. He proved that he was a courageous and fearless soldier, who was always ready to defend the country. The bold statement of Gen. Kayani gave a new hope to the nation, and it dissipated the mist of doubts. He raised the heads of the nation with pride by offering a brave and courageous stance, said Hussain adding that the entire nation salutes him and all other offices and men of the Pakistan Army. KARACHI: Mr. Hussain Lawai is presenting a shield to Rafique Bukhari during a seminar of travel agents organized by United Insurance in collaboration of Summit Bank-RY.—PO photo by Sultan Chaki

CS asks administration to develop strong linkages with ECP KARACHI—Sindh Chief Secretary, Mohammad Ejaz Chaudhri has directed the departmental secretaries, divisional and district administration as well as the police to develop strong linkages with the ECP Sindh office. As per details of his directives issued on Wednesday the chief secretary said coordination with ECP must be focussed towards facilitating free, fair and transparent elections in the province. “No interruption of any sort will be allowed in the electioneering process across the province,” said the Chief Secretary. For the purpose, he said designation of polling stations

and deployment of polling staff must be ensured in an effective manner with special consideration towards facilitating voters as well as candidates in accordance with their respective constitutional rights. The Chief Secretary Sindh urged the officials to take prompt notice of the complaints, if any, made by the candidates and ensure actions in accordance to set rules and regulations. He said the election control roomwould be functional round the clock under municipality department besides the election cell constituted at Chief Secretary’s office and complaint centre must be

strictly monitored. M Ejaz Chaudhri directed the deputy commissioners of all districts and concerned police officials to ensure adequate administrative measures, with special care towards security concerns of the candidates. “No discrimination must be made in this regard and every candidate must be treated with due respect and regard,” he said. The Sindh CS also directed the officials to develop liaison with all civic agencies so as to ensure uninterrupted water and electric supply at the polling stations besides other needed facilities for the voters and polling staff.—APP


(Mehnat-kash) labour reforms and acceptance

They regretted that the

world. Senior labour leaders Habib uddin Junaidi, Latif Mughal, Salim Akhter, Manzoor Badayuni and others addressing these rallies, that culminated at Karachi Press Club, said development and prosperity of any country is significantly dependent upon the

in our country where little attention is paid towards welfare and well being of the working class. “Our labourers are being deliberately forced towards poverty,” they lamented and also acknowledged their inability to address the situation.—APP

K ARACHI — The Founder Union, Karachi division on of workers’ rights across the fact has been largely ignored

Land mafia groups’ clash leaves six shops, car torched

eve of World Labour Day organized series of programs including rallies that were taken out from different parts of the city. These rallies participated by senior labour leaders and hundreds of workers paid glowing tribute to the victims of

Candidates urge workers to assert their rights in election

14978 polling stations in Sindh: EC

were strongly committed to the cause of labour and working class of the country. The ceremony held on Wednesday was addressed by Hakeem Baloch, candidate for NA - 250, Amir Ali Patti- Wallay contesting from NA-247, Mohammad Aslam from NA240 and Abdul Hameed Advocate from PS - 98. They said they were starting their election campaign on May 1 is reflec-


KARACHI —The fast approaching national polls offer working class an opportunity to assert themselves against injustice and tyranny, said candidates for May 11 elections in a programme organised to mark the World Labour Day. These candidates of a newly established political party, Mohib- e- Wattan Roshan Pak, also registered with EC of Pakistan, said they

tive of their commitment towards the cause of labourers. Raja Advocate and trade unionist Sher Alam also spoke on the occasion and paid glowing tribute to the martyrs of Chicago. They appealed to the workers and labourers in the city to support the party and contribute towards success of the Mohib-e-Wattan Roshan Pakistan candidates in the polls.—APP

Election Commission, Sindh Wednesday announced the elections scheme for the province. According to the details that the election commission released, the number of polling stations would be 14978 while number of polling booths would 46429 across the province. The number of voters would be 18965392.

Pak Army pays tribute to martyrs

K ARACHI — Six shops and

STAFF REPORTER one car were torched as two groups clashed over a land K ARACHI — Pak Army paid dispute near Purani Sabzi tribute to martyrs of the armed Mandi on Wednesday mornforces who laid their lives for ing. Reports said that followthe defence of the country. ing the clash the angry demIn this regard, an impresonstrators torched six shops sive ceremony was held to pay and one car, while the firing, homage to the supreme sacriarson and stoning continued fices of the martyrs of the for sometime. Armed forces, Pakistan RangPolice said that the two ers Sindh, Pakistan Coast land mafia groups over a disGuard, Frontier Corps and Popute on a piece of land came lice. Corps Commander Lieuclashing violently and later it tenant General Muhammad Ijaz turned into a free for all, as the Chaudhry laid the wreath at the baton wielding demonstrators Yadgar-e Shuhada (Monument opened fire, broke shutters of scores of shops, looted and KARACHI: Rangers soldiers are busy in a search operation after armed clashes be- of the martyrs) and offered prayers for the departed souls.1 tween two groups for the occupation of land at old Sabzi Mandi. torched them.—INP

ICAP gold medal, certificate distribution today

KARACHI—The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan (ICAP) is organizing a ‘Gold Medal and Certificate Distribution Ceremony’ to be held on tomorrow (Friday) at local hotel, Karachi. According to media coordinator ICAP, Rafiq Vayani, Mr. Ahmed Dawood Patel, FCA, Past President, ICAP, Mr. Ruhail Mohammed, Chief Executive Officer, Engro Fertilizers Limited and Mr. Ahmed Saeed, President, ICAP will be the speakers at the ceremony. Newly qualified CAs and CA Students who have achieved outstanding results in ICAP’s examinations will be Gold Medal awarded passing KARACHI: Activists of Pakhtunkhwa Mili Awami Party flashing victory sign during a rally. out & Merit Certificates.—NNI

Ordinance to be introduced for prevention of Thalassemia in Sindh K ARACHI — Governor

of Sindh, Dr. Ishrat ul Ebad Khan on Wednesday said the province will soon have a law for prevention of Thalassemia, a genetic disorder that remains incurable for the suffering children. Addressing a ceremony organized by Make A Wish Foundation, at the Governor House, for children suffering from Thalassemia, Cancer and other blood related diseases, he said an ordinance will be enforced in the province for elimination of Thalassemia virus. “As a first step all marriage contracts (nikahnamas) would have a mandatory column showing the health status of the

couples, with specific reference to prevalence of the virus,” he said, The Sindh Governor appreciated the organizers of the ceremony for fulfilling the wish of the children suffering from terminal diseases, with specific reference to the fact that they may be in the last stage of their ailment. Dr. Ishrat ul Ebad Khan expressed his heart felt sympathies with the parents of these children and said a general realization is required about their plight and suffering. On the occasion the Sindh Governor, in accordance to the wishes of the 11 selected children, presented them with gifts of their choice

besides ensuring that they also meet personalities of their choice. Mohammad Asad (12 years) received a bi-cycle, Khalid Ikram (7 years) a remote controlled helicopter, Mohammad Mehdi (12 years) a television, Muzzamil (12 years) had an i-pod, Abdul Sattar (four years) a mobile phone, Aniq (eight years) got re-chargeable motor cycle, Urooj (14 years) and Muskan Afridi (nine years) received Barbie dolls. Eight year old Attiya received a cricket kit and also met her favourite cricketer Moin Khan while nine years old Quratul Ain had a meeting with her favourite TV artiste Hina Dilpazeer and 13

years old Iqra met with an air-hostess. The Managing Director of PIA, Capt, Junaid Younus present in the ceremony announced that Iqra will be provided with an opportunity, the national carrier, to fly as an air-hostess from Karachi to any destination of her choice. The Sindh Governor appreciated the gesture and said that other organizations must also come forward towards the cause of terminally ill children. The ceremony was also addressed by President, Make A Wish Foundation, Dr. Mirza Ishtiaq Baig and its General Secretary, Mirza Ikhtiar Baig.—APP

The cinnamon challenge lands many children in hospital


HE “Cinnamon Challenge”, which involves trying to swallow a tea spoon of cinnamon without water within sixty seconds, has led to many calls to poison centers, emergency departments visits and hospitalizations of teenagers who require ventilator support for collapsed lungs. Swallowing a teaspoon of Cinnamon within sixty seconds is a nearly impossible challenge. Even on the online dare, there is a warning: “It’s going to burn, you are going to cough, and regret you tried.” The Cinnamon Challenge is a dare that has spread throughout the Internet. While most children know about it, very few parents and teachers do, researchers from the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine wrote in the journal Pediatrics. Steven E. Lipshultz, M.D., the George Batchelor Professor of Pediatrics and Director of the Batchelor Children’s Research Institute, said: “Given the allure of social media, peer pressure and a trendy new fad, pediatricians and parents have a ‘challenge’ of their own in counseling tweens and teens regarding the sensibilities of the choices they make and the potential health risks of this dare. Ingesting and Aspirating Dry Cinnamon by Children and Adolescents: The ‘Cinnamon Challenge.” The authors said that parents need to

be told about the Cinnamon Challenge, and they need to advise their children about the dangers. Parental advice really matters to kids, they added. “Schools and pediatricians should be encouraged to discuss with children the ‘Cinnamon Challenge’ and its possible harmful effects.” Co-author Judy Schaechter, M.D., M.B.A., Interim Chair of Pediatrics, was surprised to find out during a recent dinner with a dozen pediatricians that none of them had ever heard of the Cinnamon Challenge. Even though most teenagers who choose to do the challenge endure only temporary effects, the researchers wrote that poison centers are receiving an increasing number of calls related to the Cinnamon Challenge, and more kids are ending up in emergency departments and being hospitalized. Cinnamon is a caustic powder consisting of cellulose fibers which do not dissolve and are not biodegradable in the lungs. Animal studies have shown that cinnamon can cause inflammation of the airways and lungs (if it is inhaled), and it can also cause lesions and scarring in the lungs and airways. People with asthma, pulmonary cystic fibrosis, chronic lung disease or a hypersensitivity to spice need to be especially careful.

Hamza for timely elections L AHORE —PML-N leader Hamaza Shahbaz said Wednesday that holding of general elections on time was solution to terrorism in the country. Addressing a press conference here at model town, he said that even a single day delay in holding polls could create severe problems. The PML-N is moving ahead with the high spirit of serving the masses, adding that people would cast vote in favour of PML-N on its performance. He claimed that his party would clean sweep in Lahore during the upcoming general elections provincial capital. He recounted his party performance of its last term in which different schemes had been completed to facilitate the people besides setting up medical college in South Punjab. The PML-N had LAHORE: Supporters of Pakistan Workers Confederation chanting slogans in favour of labour rights during a rally changed 30 percent candi- to mark the International Labour Day at GPO Chowk. dates in Lahore to contest coming elections, he added.—APP

Voters urged to foil anti-democracy conspiracies

STAFF REPORTER LAHORE —Caretaker Punjab Minister for Housing and Industry Arif Ejaz has said that Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) should introduce new reforms to improve its working besides adopting a comprehensive strategy to enhance the revenue generation and collection system. Presiding over a meeting of WASA officials here on Wednesday, he said that connections of electricity defaulters should be removed immediately, adding that action should be taken against all those who were not giving their bills on time. To ensure quick relief to people, Wasa should adopt a strategy with the support of Wapda officials, he added.

Election arrangements reviewed: Tariq STAFF REPORTER

L AHORE —Punjab

Home Minister Tariq Pervaiz said on Wednesday that he had visited all regions of Punjab province to review election arrangements. Addressing a press conference in connection with the election and security arrangements for upcoming polls, he said that provincial government had made all arrangements according to the election code of conduct issued by the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP). He said that till now they had completed all arrangements according to a schedule. He further said that aerial firing and display of weapons would not be allowed, adding that all steps would be taken to ensure conducive

environment for elections. Proper planning had been devised to deal with any untoward incident during the polling day, he added. He said that security plans have been devised at provincial as well as district levels. He said that polling stations have been divided into three categories and security plan has been made for each category. Responding to a question, he said that CCTV cameras, video recording and walk through gates facilities would be ensured at polling stations. He said that all candidates were being provided reasonable security. “We are trying our best to ensure peaceful elections in the country,” he added.

Inter-district movement of jail officers banned LAHORE—Inspector General gazetted holidays without immediately otherwise strict of Prisons Punjab Mian Farooq Nazeer Wednesday banned inter-district movement of all officers without prior permission. Jail Department sources told APP here today that IG took serious notice that most of the Range Deputy Inspector Generals, Superintendent, Deputy and Assistant Superintendent Jail including Senior Superintendent Jail, Sahiwal leave their place of posting during week end and

prior approval of the competent authority except in court thus leaving the station unattended in the prevailing critical law and order situation in the country. The IG has issued express order to all officers for strict compliance otherwise strict action will be taken against the negligent besides transfer to desk work. He also cancelled leave of all jailers and directed to report to their place of duty

action will be taken. The IG has taken this decision to fully ensure foolproof security in and around all prisoners in view of the prevailing law and order situation. All Range DIGs and Senior Superintendents of Jails across the province have been directed to ensure strict implementation of the directive and send compliance reports within a couple of days.—APP


L AHORE —Secretary Gen- L AHORE —Pakistan Muslim eral, Jamaat e Islami, Liaqat

Baloch has impressed upon the voters all over the country to get united to foil the conspiracies being hatched against democracy. Addressing corner meetings in NA-126 in the Punjab capital on Wednesday, he said that the masses should face the challenge and come out of their homes on May 11 for play their historic role. Liaqat Baloch said that the elections 2013 would provide an opportunity to the masses for the reconstruction and development of the country. Pakistan, he said, was not simply a piece of land or a country alone. It was the goal envisioned by the founding fathers for the enforcement of a system based on the Holy Quran and the Sunnah and the JI was the only party that could achieve this goal. He said the JI would take into confidence the general LAHORE: Labourers are busy in their work at Punjab Assembly Building, oblivious of public, traders, industrialists, farmers, Haris, the International Labour Day, observed around the globe on Wednesday. youth, the women folk, minorities , workers, professionals, and skilled people and strife for self reliance and Islamic economic reforms.—APP

New Wasa reforms soon

Skilful youth can change national destiny: Shahbaz

Two-day Int’l moot on institutions from today L AHORE —The Economics department of the Govt College University (GCU) Lahore is holding a two-day international conference on “Institutions, Growth and Development in Pakistan” from May 2 (Thursday) under the auspices of the Higher Education Commission (HEC). US Agency for International Development (USAID) and Dairy and Rural Development Foundation (DRDF) will also collaborate. GCU Economics Department Chairperson Asif Saeed said on Wednesday that the objective of conference was to promote a dialogue on Pakistan’s future development priorities in the light of economic performance of the past decade. State Bank of Pakistan Director Monetary Policy Dr Hamza Malik, Planning Commission of Pakistan Deputy Chairman Dr Nadeem ul Haq, Former Finance Minister Sartaj Aziz, USAID Director and Acting Consul General Lahore Jeffrey N. Bakken, Former Secretary Finance Nawid Ahson, Bond University Australia Economics Department Head Prof Dr Ahmad Khalid, Dr Abid Burki, Dr Salman Shah, Dr Aisha Ghaus Pasha and a large number of other eminent economists from Pakistan and aboard will address the conference.—APP

League-Nawaz (PML-N) senior leader and former Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said the PML-N believes that it is our youth which, if given proper education and skills, can change the destiny of the nation. Addressing the activists of the PML-N youth Wing in Lahore on Wednesday, he said, “If voted to power, the PML-N would convert Punjab Education Endowment Fund into Pakistan Endowment Fund while education scholarships and laptops would also be given to talented students across the country.” It may be noted that the PML-N Manifesto envisages implementation of new National Youth Policy with initiation of youth training and skill development programme to create one million positions for apprenticeship in trade and industry, in collaboration with the private sector to ensure at

least one job for every low income family apart from extending self-employment loans to those who complete training / apprenticeship, especially in the information technology and other knowledge-based sectors. In order to involve youth in governance at the local level, special seats will be reserved for them in the Union Councils and District Councils to prepare them for a bigger role in National and Provincial Assemblies. Shahbaz Sharif told the PML-N Youth delegation that the party is fully conscious of the importance sporting activities play in improving the health and mindset of its people and the decline in sports and exercise in recent years. Under a phased programme, modern gymnasia will be constructed at the district and tehsil levels, he said. Shahbaz further said that the people of Punjab would ensure resumption of development works in the province by again voting the PML-N to power on May 11. “The PPP,

PTI and PML-Q have invited the criticism of people by opposing development schemes such as Metro Bus Service (MBS), laptop distribution scheme, Ujala programme and Green Tractor Scheme,” he said. He said that after coming to power, the PML-N government would also launch MBS projects in Karachi, Rawalpindi and Faisalabad. He added that Punjab was the only province which did not get any monetary assistance from the Centre other than budgetary allocations. Shahbaz said that Manzoor Wattoo’s statement that his party would make Imran Khan PM after winning polls had vindicated his claims about an alliance between the PPP, PTI and PML-Q. The PML-N leader said that aim of the socio-economic policies of the PML-N will be to expand employment opportunities in order to reduce poverty and at the same time ensure a fuller utilization of the country’s human resources for productive purposes.

Solid steps soon for labourers: PPP

L AHORE —All democratic institutions should get united to ensure transparent elections in the country. These views were expressed by Pakistan peoples party (PPP) Lahore President Samina Khalid Ghurki and PPP Lahore Information Secretary Abid Hussain Siddiqi in a joint press statement issued on Wednesday. They said the PPP had always introduced labour friendly policies and workers do get relief whenever PPP come into power. After wining the elections, PPP would take solids steps to uplift the living standard of labourers, they added. The PPP will not let those succeed in their designs who were hatching conspiracies against the democracy in the country. They said that PPP is the party of poor people and was not like those who leave the country in tough time.—APP

144 new cases of measles reported

LAHORE—Over 10,433 cases of measles have been reported in Punjab during the last five months, including 144 new cases during last 24 hours. According to the Health department officials, at least 62 deaths have been reported so far, including one each at Children Hospital and Mayo Hospital on Wednesday. Most deaths occured in Lahore, Gujranwala, Rajanpur, Rahim Yar Khan and Kasur. During the last 24 hours, around 144 cases of measles were reported from Punjab, including 41 from city hospitals. Meanwhile, Director General Health Services Punjab Dr Tanveer Ahmed said that LAHORE: Children taking bath in canal water to cool themselves off. on investigation it was found out the majority of deaths in Lahore were caused by severe pneumonia and delay in reaching hospitals. Measles vaccination is available in all hospitals of the city in ample quantity and LAHORE —Caretaker Punjab Programme Science Global Health Minister Mrs. Programme, followed by Dr L AHORE —The people have patients are being treated Saleema Hashmi has stressed Tahira Ezra Raza’s presen- rejected those who had made free, he added.—APP the need for multi-sectoral tation where she spoke false promises in the past and the proposed taken a stand in favour of coordination between orga- about nizations, researchers and Programme Science activi- Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaaf, claimed Brigadier (retd) Rahat implementers for programme ties in Punjab. The Programme Science Amanullah PTI candidate for and policy design to control Group memberships were NA-131 on Wednesday. HIV, Aids. Talking to APP he claimed She said that there was a also finalized in this meeting. Salman Shahid, the PTI would set a new need for continuity in the Dr policies for the success of Programme Manager PACP record in political history of Punjab AIDS Control also updated the partici- the country on the election Programme. She recognized pants about the activities day. He said that PTI is caHIV as an acute issue that and HIV response of PACP pable and dedicated to bring could develop into a major in Punjab. Meanwhile, Punjab AIDS about real change in the counissue in the years to come if Control Programme and Cen- try by defeating other parties left unchecked. She was presiding over ter for Global Public Health, in the upcoming elections. He said that young genthe first Programme Science University of Manitoba also Group meeting of Punjab conducted a seminar in col- eration was an asset of the AIDS Control Programme laboration with the Institute party and the experienced here in a local hotel. In the of Public Health as a part of leaders use their potential meeting, Dr Farhan the Human Resource Devel- towards progress and prosEmmanuel introduced the opment Programme.—APP perity of the nation.—APP

PTI to set new HIV becoming big issue if record in political not timely cured: Minister history: Amanullah

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