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UNGA recognises Palestine Pakistan role remained supreme UNITED NATIONS—The 193- observer status at the United Na- ish and Arab states. Thousands

Azad Kashmir landslide kills three soldiers STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Landslides triggered by heavy snow killed three soldiers and left 18 other people missing on Friday in Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The incident took place in the Kel area on the Line of Control with India, and the Pakistani military said a rescue operation was under way. The missing included eight soldiers and 10 civilians. Pakistan saw its worst avalanche in April when 139 soldiers and 11 civilians were buried alive in the 13,000feet-high Gyari sector of Siachen. It may be added here that landslide incidents are a matter of routine in Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.

Nawaz greets Palestinian people

nation U.N. General Assembly on Thursday overwhelmingly approved the de facto recognition of the sovereign state of Palestine after Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas called on the world body to issue its long overdue “birth certificate.” The U.N. victory for the Palestinians was a diplomatic setback for the United States and Israel, which were joined by only a handful of countries in voting against the move to upgrade the Palestinian Authority’s

tions to “non-member state” from “entity,” like the Vatican. Britain called on the United States to use its influence to help break the long impasse in IsraeliPalestinian peace talks. Washington also called for a revival of direct negotiations. There were 138 votes in favor, nine against and 41 abstentions. Three countries did not take part in the vote, held on the 65th anniversary of the adoption of U.N. resolution 181 that partitioned Palestine into separate Jew-

of flag-waving Palestinians in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip set off fireworks and danced in the streets to celebrate the vote. The assembly approved the upgrade despite threats by the United States and Israel to punish the Palestinians by withholding funds for the West Bank government. U.N. envoys said Israel might not retaliate harshly against the Pal-

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Pakistan agrees to release more Taliban Islamabad hands over SPA draft to Kabul Ulema conference to be held in Kabul Rassoul calls on Pervez A senior Pakistani security ISLAMABAD—Pakistan on Friday agreed to release another official earlier told AFP that “no batch of Taliban prisoners in a bid to facilitate peace talks between insurgents and the Afghan government, a joint foreign ministry statement said. The announcement came after talks in Islamabad between visiting Afghan Foreign Minister Zalmai Rassoul and his Pa- ISLAMABAD—Pakistan and kistani counterpart Hina China have reiterated their Rabbani Khar. support to the Afghan-led and The number of prisoners to Afghan-owned peace and recbe released was not specified but onciliation process in a trilatis not thought to include the eral meeting in Islamabad that Taliban’s former deputy leader Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, Continued on Page 7 who was captured in 2010.

Pak, China support Afghan-owned peace process

decision” had been taken on his release. The joint statement said both sides agreed the “release of more prisoners, facilitating contacts and urging the Taliban to renounce ties to al Qaeda.” Afghan officials believe senior Taliban leaders held in Pakistan could help bring militants to the negotiating table, if released from jail, to end over a decade of war ahead of the 2014 pull-out of US-led Nato troops. “I hope that we will continue to implement other concrete measures in a timely manner and push the peace process for-

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STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz President, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif has felicitated the Palestinian people over having been granted the status of nonmember state by the United Nations. In his felicitation message, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif said that the approval of resolution in United Nations to grant non-member state status to Palestine, with a thumping majority, is a significant step toward independence and self autonomy of people of Palestine. He said the people of Palestine have borne indescribable pain, and given innumerable sacrifices, to ISLAMABAD: Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar shaking hands with her Afghan counachieve their independence, terpart Zalmai Rassoul before formal talks. for the last six decades.

LHC: KBD name can be changed MUZAFFAR ALI LAHORE—The Lahore High Court (LHC) Chief Justice (CJ) Umar Ata Bandial observed that Kalabagh Dam’s name could be changed if it reminds of bitter reminiscence. The CJ was hearing a petition pertaining to unscheduled electricity loadshedding here on Friday. During case proceeding, Counsel for the Federation, Khwaja Tariq Rahim informed court that federal government is willing to construct the dam, however, efforts are being made to reach consensus over the matter. In response, Chief Justice Umar Ata Bandial said that there was no harm in renaming Kalabagh Dam, if it reminded of bitter reminiscence.

Shahbaz asks Zardari to return public money STAFF REPORTER RAWALPINDI—Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has demanded of Zardari to return the billions of rupees of the nation looted by him otherwise nation will itself recover this amount from him. He said that a dacoity of Rs.70 billions was committed in Punjab Bank during previous era and PML-N government recovered millions of rupees of the nation from looters by bringing them back from Dubai. He said that like Lahore, rapid transport system will also be launched in Rawalpindi after next elections. The Chief Minister said that Pir Wadai Mor underpass and flyover costing Rs.1.5 billion will be completed within next three months. He was addressing a public meeting after laying foundation stone of Pir Wadai Mor underpass and flyover pro-ject and inaugurating extension project of Continued on Page 7

and wheel-jam strike was observed across Sindh on call by Sindh Bachayo Committee (SBC) against the Local Governments Act (SPLGA) 2012. The school-going students and office-bound commuters faced problems owing to the strike. Meantime, firing incidents were reported from various areas of the city including Bhitai Nagar, Site Area, Naseem Nagar, Naya Pul, Qasimabad and Kotri, forcing the closure of shops and restaurants which were opened in the morning. Sanghar also observed the strike with schools and colleges closed, commercial activities remained halt. Complete strike was also observed in district Benazirabad’s cities including Nawabshah, Daulatpur, Qazi Ahmed, Daur, Sakrand and Shahpur Jahania. Police arrested six activists of the nationalist parties. Tehsil Mirpur Khas’ areas including Degree, Jhudo

16 lawmakers fail to submit affidavits about dual nationality

Inter-corporate debt in energy reaches Rs1.47tr ALI SYED

I SLAMABAD —The Election Commission of Pakistan’s (ECP) deadline for the parliamentarians and members of provincial assemblies to submit affidavits affirming that they are not holding dual nationality ended on Friday. As many as 16 lawmakers have yet to submit affidavits. According to the ECP sources, the legislators would now be issued notices asking to explain the reasons for not meeting the requirement. The members who have not submitted affidavits include, MNAs Maulana Mohammad Qasim, Syed Allaudin, Chaudhry Tassaduq Masood, Syed Tayyeb Hussain, Dr Nadeem Ahsan, Haider Abbas Rizvi, Sabeen Rizvi and Fauzia Aijaz.—INP

PPP to move Sindh Assembly against KBD OBSERVER REPORT KARACHI—The ruling Pakistan

People’s Party (PPP) tends to table another resolution against the “anti-Sindh” and “anti-Pakistan” Kalabagh Dam (KBD) in the Provincial Assembly of Sindh. The PPP’s statement came in reaction to Lahore High Court’s verdict in favour of the controversial water reservoir that has already been opposed by three federating units except, Punjab, in the face of resolutions passed in their respective provincial assemblies. The new resolution would be Tando Jan Muhammed, Naukot tabled in the PPP-dominated 168and Kot Ghulam Muhammed member provincial legislature on also observed strike. The nationalist parties obContinued on Page 7 served shutter-down strike in various cities including Shikarpur, Naushehro Feroz, Kandyaro, Moro, Bhirya, Mehrabpur, Ghotki, Dadu, Juhi, Mehar Kharpur and Natanshah and district Kashmore. Rallies were also taken out in Sukkur and Nawabshah. 18 workers of Sindhi Nationalists parties were also arrested. NADEEM SYED Partial strike was observed in some areas of Karachi. The nationalists parties included in L AHORE—The PML (Q)’ s the SBC protested against the leadership is out to bring right new Local Governments system wing vote bank with moderate in Sindh and improper attitude outlook under one platform as towards the women of Pakistan an electoral strategy to expand Muslim League-Functional its political base in the Punjab (PML-F) in the provincial as- before the coming elections. The Q-League’s alliance sembly. The areas affected by the with Sunni Ittehad Council partial strike in Karachi were which harbours over three Gulshan-e-Hadeed, Steel Town, dozen religious parties and Malir, Memon Goth, Safoora groups with solid vote bank of Goth, Sachal, Mawachh Goth their own in parts Punjab including Faisalabad and Jhang,

Nationalists observe shutter-down strike in Sindh HYDERABAD—A shutter-down

NEW YORK: Members of the Palestinian delegation react as they surround Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, centre, during a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly after a vote on resolution on the issue of upgrading the Palestinian Authority’s status to non-member observer state passed in the United Nations.

ISLAMABAD—The inter-corporate debt in energy sector has touched new high of Rs 1.478 trillion that include Rs 905.116 billion receivables of entities in energy sector and payables of Rs 582.825 billion. According the report about the inert-corporate circular debt as on November 16, 2012, of which copy is available with Pakistan Observer reveals the starling, but shocking disclosure that inter-corporate circular debt has reached to the level of Rs 1.478 trillion. The main public sector enterprises that OGDCL (Oil and Gas Development Company Limited), PEPCO (Pakistan Electric Power Company) and Pakistan State Oil (PSO) are the

entities which are adversely affected because of the rising inter-corporate debt. The PEPCO’s receivables have amounted to Rs 413.416 billion and the non-recovery of the said dues hampering the smooth supply of furnace oil to the power plants. And it is feared that country may again experience 10-12 hours load shedding in the month of January when the hydro generation would be reduced to just 1000 MW and the reliance on thermal power would increase manifold. Owing to the deteriorating cash flows of PEPCO, it will not be possible to purchase the fuel required to run all the thermal power plants. The report says that federal government departments owe to pay Rs 7 billion to PEPCO, AJ&K government Rs 16.3 bil-

lion, Agriculture tube wells in Balochistan Rs 3.087 billion, FATA Rs 21 billion, KESC 49.6 billion, provincial government departments Rs 89.49 billion, IPPs Rs 148 billion, private consumers Rs 223.624 billion and others Rs 1.073 billion. However, the payables of PEPCO hovers at Rs406.52 billion which includes Rs33.3 billion to gas entities, Rs 7 million to oil entities, Rs 260.9 billion to IPPs, Rs 3.36 billion to RPPs and Rs 108.889 billion to others. The Oil and Gas Development Company Limited, according to the report, needs to be paid huge amount of Rs 104.3 billion and due to the non recovery of the said dues, the OGDCL is facing severe cash flow problem which has substantially reduced

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ECP Secretary meets political leaders

5 new polio cases detected in Chaman

MQM for delimitation on consensus basis

CHAMAN—Five new cases of

ISMAIL DILAWAR KARACHI—The Pakistan Muslim League-N Friday expressed its mistrust against the Election Commissioner of Sindh province as the Election Commission of Pakistan started consulting political stakeholders to pave the way for delimiting constituencies in this metropolis. The ECP has started working on the strategy it had Wednesday revealed before a five-member bench of the apex court to undertake delimitation of the constituencies in Karachi after taking all stakeholders on board. Friday, the day of a province

wide strike called by Sindhi nationalist parties led by the PMLF against the controversial PSLGA 2012 and the LHC’s Thursday’s order in favour of Kalabagh Dam, saw various political parties visiting the office of Provincial Election Commission to share their views on the delimitation of constituencies in Karachi in line with the Supreme Court’s Oct 6 (2011) order. According to Secretary ECP Ishtiaq Ahmed, so far three parties, the ruling Pakistan People’s Party, Awami National Party and Jamat-e-Islami, had expressed their consent to the delimitation

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polio have been detected in Chaman, Balochistan. Polio virus was confirmed in four girls and a boy. The WHO has decided to immediately start polio vaccination in Qilla Abdullah and adjacent areas. Two polio cases were also detected in Afghanistan. WHO polio wing chief, Dr Ilyas Daray, said that detection of polio virus in seven children in Asia on a single day is very alarming. Meanwhile a seven-member WHO delegation headed by Dr Muhammad-Al-Muhammadi, has reached Quetta. The delegation will also meet Chief Secretary Balochistan, Secretary Health to discuss arrangements for polio vaccination campaign in Qilla Abdullah.—INP

PML-Q woos right wing vote bank Tahir-ul-Qadri likely to join hands

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is a quantum leap in this direction, party sources and political analysts say. The PML (Q) sources disclosed that Ch. Shujaat Hussain and Pevaiz Elahi were in touch with religious leaders from different backgrounds and in coming days more religious parties and groups would announce their political cooperation with the PML (Q). It is learnt that Allama Prof Tahir-ul-Qadri is expected to join hands with PML (Q) in run up to the next elections. Tahir-ul-Qadri returned to Pakistan on Friday

after his long absence from the political scene. Both Qadri and Chaudhrys have an old and trustful relationship based upon mutual respect. The Minhaj-ul-Quran’s establishment was built mostly when Pervaiz Elahi was Chief Minster of Punjab. It maybe recalled that Pervaiz Elahi in those days personally visited the Allama Tahirul-Qadri as a mark of respect for the religious scholar. Sources revealed that another senior religious figure Allama Tahir Ashrafi is also

likely to opt for the PML (Q) in coming days. A senior party leader disclosed that bottom line for Chaudhrys was to win over religious parties that believe in religious tolerance before elections and provide them a platform (PML_Q) as a credible alternative to the PML (N). Historically, religious parties found it more convenient to seek partnership and alliance with the PML (N) under the leadership of Sharif.

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KBD Pakistan’s lifeline: Raj

World AIDS Day today

LHC KBD ruling attack on federation: Afrasiab I

Zardari seeks int’l support to end AIDS SLAMABAD —President

Asif and would continue to focus ease. President Zardari called hibited people from undergo- theme of “Getting to zero: activities are also launched

I SLAMABAD —The Awami soon announce its strategy on Ali Zardari has urged the in- on enhancing the capabilities for stepping up efforts by the ing regular medical check-up zero new HIV infections. Zero on or around this date. Many National Party (ANP) leader Afrasiab Khattak on Friday said the Lahore High Court (LHC)’s ruling calling for the construction of the Kalabagh dam was similar to an attack on the federation. Speaking to media persons here, the ANP leader said the LHC’s ruling on a set of petitions seeking to build the dam had “the tone of Takht-i-Lahore” in it. He said that three units of the federation had rejected the idea of constructing the muchpoliticised dam. On the occasion, ANP spokesman Zahid Khan said digging the matter would not deliver any results, adding that the ANP would

the issue. Earlier on Nov 29, the LHC ordered the federal government to implement decisions of the Council of Common Interests (CCI) and build the Kalabagh dam. Meanwhile President Punjab Forum Baig Raj Friday said the judgment of the Lahore High Court (LHC) about the Kalabagh Dam construction has proved that it is not a dead issue. In a statement here, Baig Raj said the Kalabagh Dam issue is very much alive. He said the opponents of the mega project neither respect the judiciary nor adhere to the Council of Common Interests (CCI).—INP

ternational community to help the developing and under-developed world in reducing the risks of AIDS by sharing knowledge and expertise. The President, in a message on the World Aids Day, also urged the global community to assist the governments on AIDS prevention and cure, and particularly in accessing the people in far flung areas and providing them healthcare. The President also expressed confidence that the federal and provincial governments were cognizant of their responsibilities towards prevention and cure of the HIV

of the health care professionals to meet this challenge. He also urged the government institutions, civil society, philanthropists, NGOs and every citizen to refuse to perpetuate the stigma surrounding the HIV in workplaces and communities. The President said that AIDS was the world’s leading infectious killer that had claimed over 25 million lives over the past three decades around the world. He said that the day being observed today was a reminder for everyone not only to raise greater awareness but also to help those afflicted with this dis-

governments, health practitioners, NGOs and common citizens to ensure that those suffering from it were provided unhindered access to diagnosis and treatment without any discrimination. Indeed it is a wake-up call for all to act decisively and urgently, he added. The President said that the medical research had shown that HIV could not be contracted through routine daily contacts like shaking hands and sharing food or water. Unfortunately, however, the stigma surrounding HIV has contributed to discrimination against the patients and in-

for timely diagnosis, he added. The United Nations’ (UN) World AIDS Day will be observed on December 1 across the world including Pakistan to raise awareness about HIV/AIDS and demonstrate international solidarity in the face of the pandemic. The day is an opportunity for public and private partners to spread awareness about the status of the pandemic and encourage progress in HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care in high prevalence countries and around the world. Between 2011-2015, World AIDS Days will have the

discrimination. Zero AIDS related deaths”. The World AIDS Campaign focus on “Zero AIDS related deaths” signifies a push towards greater access to treatment for all; a call for governments to act now. It is a call to honor promises like the Abuja declaration and for African governments to at least hit targets for domestic spending on health and HIV. World AIDS Day is the focal point of the World AIDS Campaign, which is active all year round. On December 1, there are many health education campaigns that promote the day. Anti-discrimination

people hold events on World AIDS Day to remember people died of AIDS-related conditions. One example is an AIDS Memorial Quilt project, which allows friends and family members of a deceased AIDS sufferer to construct quilt panels, which are then exhibited throughout the United States. AIDS stands for “acquired immune deficiency syndrome” or “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome” and denotes a condition, which results from the damage done by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) to the immune system.—APP

Bilawal renews pledge to pursue Bhutto vision STAFF REPORTER

and the minorities, all live was established, the achievewith honour and dignity.” ments and sacrifices made by I SLAMABAD —Chairman of The PPP Chairman asked its leaders and workers and the political challenges that lie the Pakistan People’s Party ahead. He said that the youth Bilawal Bhutto Zardari on provided impetus and drive Friday said that the PPP had and called upon them to play always served the masses their part. “Both Shaheed with distinction and would Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and continue to do so in future Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir as well. Bilawal, in his mesBhutto took the reins of the sage on the 45th founding party and the country in prime day of PPP, said “On this day of their lives and it was the first let us also reiterate our compolitical party that gave a Youth mitment to tread the footPolicy to the country,” he said. steps of our leaders Shaheed The PPP Chairman said Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and that the party’s struggle and Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir achievements for democracy Bhutto to build a modern, and alleviating the sufferings progressive and democratic Pakistan in which everyone, the old guard of the party to of the poor during the past 46 particularly the poor, the dis- educate the people, particularly years would always be repossessed, the marginalized the youth, about why the party membered. He said that the

adoption of the unanimous 1973 Constitution, giving voice to the voiceless, strengthening defence through nuclear and missile technology and giving rights to the minorities, labour and women were some of the major achievements of the party. Bilawal also paid glowing tributes to the party workers for their courage and sacrifices. “On this day our thoughts also go out to the martyred leaders of the party Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto as well as to the hundreds of martyrs of democracy, who gave their lives for the cause of democracy and empowering people,” he said.

Teachers asked to work with missionary zeal BASHIR AHMAD RAHMANI improve further the ranking of further said that shortage of special development package the schools in the province. Sanitary Inspectors and vac- of Rs. 40 million to MNA Saira

HAFIZABAD—Acting District He also distributed commen- cinators at union council Afzal Tarar. The DDC has ap- LARKANA: MPA Haji Munawar Ali Abbasi with PPP workers cutting the cake to mark the 45th Founding Day of PPP Coordination Officer Sohail Khan has said that no political or administrative pressure would be tolerated and all teachers are bound to perform their duties honestly and improve ranking of the district in the education field. He said that all hardworking, honest and dutiful teachers would be encouraged and rewarded suitably. Addressing the male and female headmasters and headmistresses of all high schools in the district, he referred to the roadmap of the Chief Minister and appreciated that Hafizabad district which bagged 16th position in the 35 districts of Punjab and exhorted the teachers to work with missionary zeal to

dation certificates to the head teachers of Govt. Boys High School No. 1 and 2 Hafizabad and Govt. Girls High School Ramke Chattha for getting first position in the ranking in the district. ***** Health Department has chalked out a comprehensive action plan to improve EPI programme in the district to ensure hundred percent vaccination of newly-born children and pregnant women against nine fatal diseases, declared EDO Health Dr. Farooq Azam. He said that two-team from the existing staff would be available at all basic health centres in the district for vaccination. He

level would be overcome shortly for improving health care at basic health centres. ***** The special price magistrates in the district have continued their crackdown on profiteers and have challaned 39 shopkeepers for violating Essential Commodities Price Control Act and have realised a fine of Rs. 19,200. They have directed the shopkeepers to display price lists at their premises and refrain from fleecing the consumers. ***** The District Development Committee has approved 13 new uplift schemes costing Rs. 30 million. The provincial government has approved

proved Rs. 30 million schemes for pavement of streets, laying of drains and solving problems in Karyiala, Mangat Neecha, Kot Kansi, Peelo, Kot Chian, Ahmadpur Chatha, Vanike Tarar, Wachhoke, Dera Joian, Dera Naliwala, Jaidke, Malkwala, Kot Said Muhammad, Thatha Sardaran, U.C Nos. 1/20 5/24, 7/24, Bijli Mohallah Hafizabad and Jurian. The meeting was chaired by Chairman Sohail Ahmad Khan and was attended by heads of different nation building department. The chairman said that uplift schemes of remaining Rs. 10 million would be approved shortly.

KHYBER AGENCY: Lt Col Qazi Habib distributing prizes among the officials of Levies Force on completion of their training.

Josh Literary Conference on December 5 STAFF REPORTER I SLAMABAD —The

Josh Adabi Foundation will organize ‘Josh Literary Conference’ on December 5 in collaboration with Pakistan Academy of Letters (PAL) to mark 116th birth anniversary of great revolutionary poet Josh Malihabadi. The conference will be held at Pakistan Academy of Letters (PAL) and prominent literary personalities will participate in it. Prominent poet and scholar, Iftikhar Arif will preside the conference while the Federal Minister for Overseas Pakistanis, Dr Farooq Sattar will be the chief guest on the occasion. Parto Rohela, Dr Ahsan Akbar.

Planted bomb recovery laudable police act NAZIR SIYAL L ARKANA —Late night recovery of planted bomb at railway track in Larkana was a laudable step of Police department, the criminals will be soon arrested said the SSP Larkana in a press conference here on Friday. SSP Larkana Javed Jiskani told that it was the team work of ASP Nadeem Ahmed and other police officials who successfully detected planted bomb to blast out Khushal Khan Express late night. He said the state has lodged FIR against the criminals and they will be arrested soon. On Friday 3 am, unknown miscreants planted

a bomb under the Railway track to blast Khushal Khan training from Quettta to Karachi via Larkana late night. The heavy police and Rangers along with bomb disposal squad after search by the law enforcement agencies recovered an explosive device planted at Railway crossing at Naka No. 7 in Larkana. The bomb disposal squad and other agencies reached the spot soon after the information and inspected places, where the explosive material was planted and clear ed the other Railway track on the occasion. In Larkana, KamberShahdadkot, Ratodero,

Mirokhan, Bakrani, Dokri, Badah and other parts of province a complete shutterdown strike was observed on the call of Sindh Bachayo committee against the SPLGO and Kala Bagh Dam (KBD) project. On the occasion, all the markets and shops and petrol pumps, CNG stations were completely closed. The private schools and mostly government schools were also closed due to the shutter down strike and the attendance in the offices was thin on the occasion. The police and Rangers were deployed at different sensitive spots of the city and areas in district for any untoward situation.

at Walid Village.

UNDP, SFD start KP rehab project STAFF REPORTER

Maternal death rate declines I —Pakistan Me- hours. In Gilgit-Baltistan, isoteorological Department lated light rain with snowfall worldwide (PMD) on Friday forecast cold over the hills is expected dur-

Cold, dry weather likely

SLAMABAD

I SLAMABAD —With the fi- and dry weather for most parts ing next 24 hours. nancial support of USD 7.7 million from the Saudi Fund for Development (SFD), the UNDP is implementing a ‘Community Infrastructure Restoration and Rehabilitation’ project in Swat district. Through this project, the UNDP in coordination with the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government, is rehabilitating 585 damaged community infrastructure schemes, including link roads, drainage channels, culverts, bridges, and streets, in six tehsils of the Swat district, said a press release.

of Punjab and Islamabad during the next 24 hours. According to the synoptic situation, continental air would prevail over most parts of the country. In Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, mainly cold and dry weather is expected in most parts during next 24 hours. The weather will remain dry in most parts of Sindh during next 24 hours. In Kashmir, mainly cold and dry weather is expected in most parts, however, light rain with snowfall over the hills is likely at one or two places during the next 24

The lowest minimum tem-

STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The number of

peratures recorded during last 24 hours were Skardu 06 C, Astore -05, Hunza -04, Gilgit, Gupis, Parachinar and Rawalakot -03, Quetta -02 and Chitral -01C. The rainfall recorded during last 24 hours was Kotli 07 mm.—APP

maternal death has decreased from more than 540,000 deaths in 1990 to less than 290,000 in 2010 with a decline rate of 47 percent. According to World Health Organization’s (WHO), World health statistics 2012 report, the world has made significant progress, having reduced the number of child deaths from almost 10 million children aged less than five years in 2000 to 7.6 million annual deaths in 2010.


Two brothers gunned down in Jhal Chakian ‘Peace returns to KP’ Staff Reporter

P ESHAWA R —Khyber

Pakhtunkhwa Minister for Information Mian Iftikhar Hussain said Friday the present government has succeeded in bringing peace and fighting terrorism and militancy in the region to great extent but durable peace would be the big challenge for the next government. Therefore, the people should vote for those in the up-coming elections who have the love for land and ability to tackle the situation. This, he said, while addressing a mammoth gathering in his constituency PK-12 at Taru Jabba, Nowshera. Prominent personalities of Taru Jabba including Malik Rafiullah, Malik Liaqat Ali, Malik Amanat Khan, Malik Samiullah, Malik Tehsinullah and Malik Ubaidullah along with their families and companions formally joined ANP on this occasion and expressed confidence on the leadership and policies of the party. Mian Iftikhar maintained that the ANP strongly believed on democracy and consider it a best system for brighter future of Pakistan. He added they were ready for alliance with any political party for the cause of the country as well as democracy. Therefore, the workers should prepare themselves for the up-coming polls and consider these political activities as the starting point of elections preparations, he added. The minister appealed the people, if they want to safe-guard their mosques, spiritual spaces, honour of their women and elders,bazaars, funeral prayers and future of the coming generation, then they vote for people lovers. He said ANP had sacrificed 750 workers including two parliamentarians and his only son for this sacred cause. He reaffirmed that they would fight the anti-state elements till the last drop of their blood.

Women given role in economy Our Correspondent

ASTORE —Advisor for Tourism GilgitBaltistan Sadia Danish said on Friday that the Pakistan Peoples Party government had empowered the women through the passage of Women Protection Bill. Sdia Danish told APP that the women were playing a pivotal role in the economic growth of the country. She said that the government had started various development programmes, including training centres and women skill development centres and hundreds of women of Gilgit-Baltistan were getting benefits from them. The government of Gilgit-Baltistan is taking all necessary steps to safeguard the basic rights of women. She said women of the region are very talented and fully capable to compete in all sectors of life. She said all possible steps would be taken to provide opportunities to women in all walks of life specially in sports and games. Earlier, Shamim Kazmi, a social worker while addressing the meeting said, “Seventy percent drop out was of female students from schools. The government has no funds thus our public government private (NGO) sectors partnership could do something for the promotion of female literacy. She suggested that for collecting finance for female education, taxes on marriage halls be imposed for serving more than one dish. All such money thus collected to be monitored city-wise by a council of honest citizens. “We should not wait for buildings and structures and informal two hour schools, under trees or in huts, be started with flexible timing for girls as they have to perform domestic chores with their mothers.

Tech education seminar concludes Staff Reporter

PESHAWAR—Skill Development Council Peshawar and Technical Education & Vocational Training Authority Khyber Pakhtunkhwa held a two days seminar here at a local hotel, keeping in view growing population and increasing unemployment. The objective of the seminar that concluded on Friday was to highlight the role of civil society and political parties in putting technical education and skill development on top priority of the government’s agenda. The first day of the seminar shed light on the significance of public-private partnership for the development of technical & vocational training while on the concluding day the subject of the seminar was discussed in terms of political ownership. Provincial Ministers Nawabzada Mahmood Zeb Khan, Liaqat Shabab, Haji Hidayatullah, MPAs, Secretary Information Department Azmat Hanif, Chairman Skill Development Council Peshawar, Haji Muhammad Javed, businessmen and people from different segments of society attended the seminar. Addressing the concluding session of the seminar, Provincial Minister for Technical Education & Mineral Development Nawabzada said that 78 percent of the provincial budget was spent in the head of salaries. Sharing his views on the occasion, Chairman Skill Development Council Peshawar, Haji Muhammad Javed shed light on the services of the council saying that rapid increase in population has added to the woes of the people and learning technical and vocational skill was a good solution for most of the problems faced by the contemporaries.

Repair of roads, schools demanded Our Correspondent

T IMERGARA —The Pakistan People’s Party MPA elected from Maidan, Dir Lower, and chairman district development advisory committee advocate Muhammad Zamin Khan on Friday said that his constituency had been the worst affected due to militency and mass displacement during 2009-10 but the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government had totally ignored it in rehabilitation and development projects. Addressing newsmen Muhammad Zamin Khan said the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government had inked Rs 14 billion project (JAICA) with the government of Japan. He said that despite repeated demands and contacts with authorities concerned of the project the Maidan, Dir Lower, area had been ignored in that project. He said that roads, hospitals and schools had been damaged by militants and then military operation that needed government’s extra attention. He complained that neither new development projects were started in his constituency nor the old and damaged infrastructure had been rehabiliatated. The lawmaker said that his area was also neglected in ‘From farm to market’, another project of the government that was aimed at developing link roads in backward areas in order to enable farmers’ easy access to the market. He said he was sure the project would be approved that would change life of the people of both Dir Lower and Upper. The PPP lawmaker, without naming the coalition partner Awami National Party, alleged that the government had failed to deliver properly. He said being chairman of the DDAC he had no funds to utilize it for people’s welfare in the district especially in his native constituency. The advocate demanded of the federal and KP government to approve special package for the people of Maidan ahead of next general elections. “People of the area have great expections from our government,” he said and added that they would be no more able to ask for votes from people if they failed to do well.

Four killed in road crashes OUR CORRESPONDENTS to hospital. BAHAWALPUR/SARGODHA— At least four persons were killed and four others injured in a van-truck collision on Friday. DSP Sadar Syed Ali Raza told media that a team of Police Station Mirpur visited Bahawalpur to probe a murder case of navy personnel near Noorpur Noranga Chowk. Their van collided with a speeding truck. As a result, Sub-Inspector Sajjad, Mohammad Rafi honory Lieutenant of Pak Navy, Asif Hussain Petty officer Pak Navy and another person died on the spot. The dead and the injured were shifted

Police have registered a case against the truck driver. Meanwhile, a girl was killed while her father injured, both were riding on motorbike while overtaking they plunged into ravine on Friday. According to police sources, the deceased was identified as Khadeeja Bibi and injured Mouhammad Hanif. They were going from Kaltaro village to Arifwala. Both were shifted to District Headquarter hospital, where Khadeeja died. Police have registered a case. In another incident in Sargodha, unidentified persons gunned down two

brothers in Jhal Chakian police limits on Friday. According to police, Muhammad Ramazan and Sakandar Hayat of Chak 69 NB were on their way to home when unidentified assailants opened firing on them, Sikandar died on the spot while Ramazan was injured. Rescue 1122 shifted the injured man to DHQ hospital. Jhal Chakian police are investigating. The Bhalwal City police have arrested five robbers and recovered looted property worth Rs. 2.4 million from them. The police during patrolling on suspicion arrested SWAT: Ameer Jamaat-e-Islami KP Prof Muhammad Ibrahim Khan addressing oath taking ceremony at Idara Al-Khidmatul Islamia. Ghazanfar Ali.

SAFRON, UNHCR launch refugee survey report

0.360m Afghan refugees waiting to return home P ESHAWAR /I SLAMABAD — Nations High Commissioner tion, which has seen more than kistan. The Ministry of States and Frontier Regions (SAFRON) and the UN Refugee Agency have launched the final report of the Population Profiling, Verification and Response (PPVR) survey of Afghan refugees in Pakistan. The Population Profiling, Verification and Response (PPVR) survey has revealed that some 360,000 out of 1.6 million registered Afghan refugees want to return to their country. The survey report was launched by the Ministry of States and Frontier Region (SAFRON) and the United

for Refugees (UNHCR) here on Friday. The PPVR survey examined the specific needs of Afghans in Pakistan, and generated an accurate and detailed description of the refugee population, including information about their intention to return to Afghanistan, livelihoods, socio-economic and legal conditions. The PPVR exercise ended in December 2011 after survey teams had interviewed almost 1 million refugees, about 65 per cent of the total Afgan refugee population in Pakistan. The voluntary repatria-

3.8 million Afghans return home in the past ten years, remains at the center of the solution strategy for Afghan refugees that was endorsed at an international conference in May this year in Geneva. Those refugees, who said that they were not yet ready to return to Afghanistan, cited insecurity, unemployment, and lack of shelter as some of the remaining impediments. The PPVR report indicates that the majority, 70 per cent of Afghan population are under the age of 18, and that most were born and raised in Pa-

Pashtoons constitute the majority of the population (82 per cent) followed by Tajiks (five per cent), Uzbeks (four per cent) and others. A total of 22.53 per cent of the Afghan refugees were found to be economically active, of which males account for 85.59 per cent of the total work force. The Afghan work force mostly comprises adults (age 25 to 59), while 31.3 per cent is made up of youth (age 15 to 24). These two age groups amount to almost 90 per cent of the Afghan refugees. Many are currently working

as unskilled labourers - mostly as sales workers, or in the construction, handicraft and transportation sectors. According to the study, 70 per cent of the Afghan population has one earning family member, while 6 per cent of the households have no breadwinner. It also indicates that around 20 per cent of the working Afghans have collectively invested over Rs. 18 billion in their business in Pakistan. Neill Wright, Representative UNHCR in Pakistan, said “the PPVR provides us with rich and extremely detailed comprehensive data on

socio-economic issues, migration patterns, investor potential and other needs for nearly one million individual Afghan refugees. “We now have reliable information on the opportunities and skills that the population in Pakistan will bring to their home country of Afghanistan when they do decide to return.” In the education sector, the report highlights that 43 per cent of boys and 67 percent of girls of school-age were never enrolled in schools. High level drop-out rates also prevent most children from completing their primary education.—APP

NCHD launches mobile literacy in KA STAFF REPORTER PESHAWAR—Director General of National Commission for Human Development, Khusro Pervaiz Khan chaired a high level meeting of the commission here at FATA Secretariat on Friday. Assistant Chief Secretary FATA Dr. Tashfeen Khan, Secretary Social Sectors FATA, Dr. Aftab Akbar Durrani, Director Education FATA, Director Education NCHD, General Manager FATA and other relevant officials were present on the occasion. During the meeting data of the base line survey was presented by general manager NCHD FATA. ACS FATA Dr. Tashfeen Khan and Secretary Social Sectors FATA Dr. Aftab Durrani highly appreciated the efforts of NCHD FATA. HYDERABAD: Activists of PML-F chanting slogans during a rally against Sindh People Local Bodies Ordinance Director General NCHD, 2012 outside PHC.

Polio drive: 2.1million kids to be immunized STAFF REPORTER PESHAWAR—More than 2.1 million children in 22 districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa would be immunized against polio in ongoing 3 day anti-polio drive, said officials of Health Department here on Friday. According to details more than two thousands teams have been constituted for the purpose that would pay door to door visit to derive maximum results from the campaign. Moreover holding of Sub National Immunization Days have been decided to ensure the vaccination of children in sensitive areas regarding polio.

Deputy Director Expanded Immunization Program, Dr. Jan Baz Afridi told that more than 5.22 million children including 1.52 million Afghan children would be administered oral polio vaccine in upcoming polio campaign adding all the agencies of FATA would also be included in ambit of anti-polio drive. A total of 971,523 children will be vaccinated, skipping again the North Waziristan Agency (NWA) following the ban imposed by a warlord on June 16, who dubbed the drive a move by US spies. The campaign will be conducted by a total of 3,500 teams, which include 3,122 mobile teams, 277 fixed, 101 transit.

14 booked for corruption OUR CORRESPONDENTS

Over 9m drug addicts in Pakistan SALIM AHMED

L AHORE —The number of SARGODHA /FAISALABAD— addicts in Pakistan has surOn the orders of Anti-Corruption Establishment Director Babar Aman Babar, police have registered a case against 14 officers of the Highway Department for embezzling millions of rupees in the construction of a road. Mumtaz Khan of Pipplan (Mianwali), in his application, said that two contractors in connivance with the Highway Department officers had embezzled Rs 64.5 million in the construction of a road from Notak, Bhakkar to Bozur, Mianwali by using substandard material. After an inquiry, the police have registered a case.

Khusro Pervaiz explained various innovative steps so far taken by NCHD. He announced pilot project of mobile literacy programme in Khyber Agency (KA) which drew appreciation from the FATA authorities. Management strategies at education level was also discussed in detail. Campaign to enrol children launched: The second phase of a campaign to solicit signatures from one million out-of-school children was also launched to coincide with International Literacy Day. In a country that has the highest number of out-ofschool children in South Asia, totalling 25 million, the One Million Signature Campaign for Right to Education aims to enrol the same number of out-of-school children by the end of the second phase of the campaign.

passed the staggering figure of nine million that is far more than that of China Sri Lanka, India and even Europe. This was revealed by the experts while speaking at the inaugural ceremony of Bioequivalence Studies and Quality Tracking System workshop jointly organized by the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry and Punjab Industrial Estate here at LCCI on Friday. The speakers included Research Scholars Dr Masood Bhatti, Dr Nasim Ahmad, Amjad Ali Jawa and Chief Executive Officer PIE Major General (Retd) Javed Iqbal.

They said that the death ratio of the drug addicts is also much bigger than the other countries and the only reason was the sale of medicines without prescription therefore there is a dire need for the legislation to ban this sale. The Chief Executive PIE Javed Iqbal said that the only objective of setting up of Pakistan Drug Testing Laboratory and Research Centre is to facilitate the Pharma sector to ensure availability of quality medicines to the masses. He said that the Punjab Government has provided a grant of Rs 80 million for the Research Centre. He said that the major function of this center will be to act

as a research center for bioequivalence (BE) studies. This center shall perform BE studies for drugs to be exported, which will result in boosting the export of center shall perform BE studies for drug to be exported, which will result in boosting the export of medicines from Pakistan. It will act as a drug testing laboratory for pharmaceutical manufacturers to perform sophisticated tests which require high tech and expensive laboratory equipment. For example, the manufacturers, manufacturing vitamins and minerals need not to purchase Atomic Abscorption Spectrophotometer for testing of just couple of product.

Farmers rally presses for demands acceptance SHER GONDAL MANDI BAHAUDDIN—Farmers of Mandi Bahauddin district held a rally at Mangat under the auspices of Kissan Board to press their demands. They blocked Mandi Bahauddin-Phalia Road and raised slogans for acceptance of of their demands and against anti-farmers government policies. Addressing the rally the central president of Kisan Board Zafar Hussain Khan said that government was completely ignorant of the plight of farmers who were backbone of national economy. He said prices of fertilizers and pesticides were touch-

ing sky but agriculture produce rates were kept low. He said it was great injustice to farmer community. He demanded raise in price of sugarcane from Rs 170 to 280 per maund. He also demanded free interest loans for purchase of agriculture equipments, pesticides and fertilizers. Payment of sugarcane price should be made within fifteen days through cheques instead of Cane Procurement Receipt (CPR), he further demanded. He warned that if their demands were not met farmers would intensify “Save farmers, save Pakistan” movement across the country and encircle parliament building to raise their

voice. Besides, supply of sugar cane to mills would be stopped. Chairman Kisan Board Riaz Warraich and other district office-bearers of Kissan board also addressed the rally. ***** Punjab Shahbaz Sharif will address a public meeting at Rose Cinema Ground on Dec 20, District president PML-N Dewan Mushtaq told to media persons the other day. He said after addressing the meeting he would inaugurate various development schemes including Nawaz Sharif Park, Nawaz Sharif Government High School, Maternity Hospital and Satsira to QUETTA: Activists of Parma Welfare hold placards during a protest in favour of docChelianwala Road. tors.


Raja comes to rescue of cellular companies

MEDIA WATCH

Bidding on hope

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HE country’s cellular phone companies were obviously in a pen sive mood following a series of developments that sent highly wrong signals to otherwise thriving sector. In the name of security and law and order situation, a number of measures were announced and that too by unrelated authorities that amounted to imposing curbs on the businesses of these companies affecting their income and causing inconvenience for a society that now heavily depends on mobile phones. In this perspective, the decision of Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf on Thursday to intervene and reverse some of the restrictions imposed by Interior Minister Rehman Malik augurs well for the telecom sector. Easing of restrictions on sale of SIMs, their delivery mechanism and lifting of ban on mobile number portability would surely address the grievances of the companies and help grow their business as before. Unfortunately an impression was created earlier this month that the reigns of the IT and Telecom Ministry have been taken over by the Interior Ministry and that from now onwards decisions would be influenced merely on security concerns irrespective of their financial and economic fall out for investors and the consumers. We are glad that in a meeting with a delegation of chief executive officers of the cellular companies, the Prime Minister listened to their viewpoint patiently and responded in a sympathetic manner. While appreciating his announcement that decisions about the IT and Telecom Sector would be made after taking the stakeholders on board, we do not agree to his subscription to the moribund view of those who believe doing everything including playing havoc with already depressed economy in the name of security. Security doesn’t mean suspension of mobile phone service at whims, placing undue curbs on cellular companies and attacking civil liberties of the citizens. Telecom Sector is one of the fastest growing sectors of our economy that has contributed immensely to its growth besides provision of millions of direct or indirect job opportunities. The decisions of the Prime Minister would not only encourage the existing companies but would also send right kind of signals to investors at a time when Pakistan was preparing to auction 3G spectrum.

Forget KBD and have alternatives T

HE judgement of the Lahore High Court on Thursday ordering the Federal Government to implement decisions of the Council of Common Interests (CCI) and build the highly feasible Kalabagh Dam has once again created a stir in the political environment with its supporters and opponents issuing instant statements for and against the dam. The verdict of the court is based on merit and it has cited cogent reasons for initiation of work on the dam as the project was approved by the highest forum of CCI which had representation from all the provinces. It is understood that the issue has been politicized by vested interests whose politics thrive on opposition to the dam irrespective of its viability and utility for the country. Everyone knows that local and foreign neutral experts including likes of former Chairman of WAPDA Engineer Shamsul Mulk from KPK, described the Kalabagh dam as feasible and viable both technically and economically but it has become a fashion to talk against the dam as did Zahid Khan of ANP and Sharjeel Memon of PPP Sindh who churned out venom following judgement of the LHC. Irrespective of the feasibility studies, huge investment already made on the project and baseless propaganda about adverse impact of the dam for Nowshehra and Sindh, we would recommend forgetting the dam as it has become controversial following passage of resolutions by provincial assemblies of three provinces albeit on political considerations. There were periods of time when the then rulers including former President Pervez Musharraf could have taken steps for construction of the dam but regrettably all of them fell victim to petty political interests. They failed to build consensus and made no worthwhile attempt to address right or wrong concerns of the critics. Therefore, at this point of time it would be of no use to waste time and energy on an endless debate that is unlikely to produce any tangible result. Instead, steps should be taken to build dams like Diamer-Bhasha and dozens of small ones in different parts of the country to secure energy and water future of our future generations.

Another newly born must be repenting T

HE unimaginable incident of rats biting a newborn baby in the Holy Family Hospital of Rawalpindi jolted the entire society. Television footages and photographs of the wounded baby sent shock waves across the country and raised questions about what is happening in the institutions that are supposed to rekindle the life. As authorities concerned were resorting to cosmetic measures of suspension of those supposedly responsible for the tragedy and transfer of some of them to, obviously, some other medical institution, to spoil them as well, a report appearing in media said a new born baby was abducted from Lady Dufferin Hospital Quetta on Thursday. A lady came to the mother and took away the child saying she would feed him. This is not the only incident of the kind as reports have been appearing in the media about kidnapping of newly born children from different hospitals of different cities. In September this year, a woman came and took away a newborn baby from Benazir Bhutto Hospital Rawalpindi on the pretext of vaccinating him. And earlier in July a baby girl was kidnapped from a private hospital of Korangi, Karachi when a man in the garb of doctor came to take her away saying her weight needs to be checked. These are only tip of the iceberg as numerous instances go unreported in different parts of the country besides change of children and their sale. People go to hospital for safe births but they meet with such tragedies and what is all the more awesome is that none of the case has been resolved by police and the culprits freely roam to target others ostensibly in connivance with hospital staff. We are sure that the ill-fated children when grow and come to know of their plight must be cursing themselves and the society.

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Terrorists’ attacks on journalists tuperations against military and the ISI, and on the other hand mollycoddling traitors. He, in his program ‘Capital talk’, in the past Mohammad Jamil bragged about his Email: mjamil1938@hotmail.com close contacts and affinity with the Taliban and claimed to have interviewed Osama bin errorism stalks the entire Laden. But seeing the public mood, land, and thousands of inno he in his program regarding attack on cent people and members of Malala Yousufzai criticized the TTP. law enforcing agencies have been Of course, he often criticized milikilled. Terrorists have not spared tary and agencies especially the ISI any strata of society, and have at- on the basis of some events in the tacked journalists and distant past. Journalist Shahzad Salim anchorpersons as well. Recent at- was killed arguably by the terrorists tempt by some non-state actors/ter- because in his articles he had stated rorists to hit a senior journalist and that Osama bin Laden has lost conanchorperson Hamid Mir - a known trol over Al Qaeda; He also menmedia figure - has created commo- tioned about groupings in the Taliban tion journalist fraternity as well as and Tehreek-i-Taliban. He was also in the minds of peace loving public fond of criticising military and agenof Pakistan. Unfortunately, some cies. The problem is that when the commentators/analysts started terrorists hit them some media men pointing fingers at the agencies, and start blaming the ISI. Some journalin this regard Hamid Mir himself ists to cover up their fear or cowardand Najam Sethi openly named the ice try to show off that they are not state actors for having planned such scared of anybody. In ‘The News’ of 24th Noveman attack. Such insinuations have serious implications; therefore no- ber, Hamid Mir reproduced the conbody should blame agencies with- tents of the paper he read in the out any concrete evidence. In fact launching ceremony of The UnfinTehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan has al- ished Memoirs held in Islamabad on ready accepted the responsibility for November 21. He stated: “Sheikh fixing an explosive device under the Mujibur Rahman is a villain for many chassis of his car, and its spokesper- Pakistanis. One-sided history books sons has vowed to hit him again. tell us that Mujib was a traitor who Government should make laws to broke up Pakistan with the help of enable the Law Enforcement Agen- India. We read in our history books cies (LEAs) to provide protection to that All-India Muslim League was all segments of society including formed in Dhaka in 1906 but we don’t know why the Pakistan Army surrenmedia men. So far as Hamid Mir is con- dered to the Indian Army on Decemcerned, he has become a controver- ber 16, 1971, in Dhaka”. Admitted sial figure and is known for his vi- that once Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

News & Views

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was an active worker of Pakistan movement; admitted that civil and military governments from 1947 to 1970 had taken some flawed decisions that created sense of deprivation in the people of former East Pakistan. But many countries in the world had developed contradictions and conflicts that were resolved through dialogue. Unfortunately, in Pakistan, some palmed off media men and Mir Jafars try to stir conflicts between the federating units to advance the agenda of their backers. Mujib’s contacts with Indian leadership and training of Mukti Bahini by Indian military are the facts that no one can deny. The fact remains that in November 1965 Sh. Mujib had worked out a six-point program, what he said, to secure political and economic justice in a federal system. The scheme involved setting up a system in which the power of the central government was to be dramatically curtailed; only foreign affairs and defense were to be left as central subjects. The provinces were to have jurisdiction over currencies and fiscal policy, with the stipulation that the federal government was to be provided with requisite revenues for meeting only the requirements of defense and foreign affairs. Mujib’s six-point program also demanded that a constitutional provision was to be made providing that separate accounts for foreign exchange earnings and foreign trade could be maintained under the provincial governments. A last point he emphasized was that a separate military for East Pakistan was to be raised and maintained in order to contribute to national security. Hamid Mir went on to state: “The fact is that it was not Sheikh Mujibur Rahman who wanted to break Pakistan. He only demanded provincial autonomy in 50s and 60s, but our military regime tried to silence his voice by throwing him in jail. He never abandoned the political struggle

and participated in the first general elections of Pakistan in 1970. Awami League emerged as a majority party but the military regime of General Yahya Khan refused the transfer of power to Awami League. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was arrested and a military operation was started. I can quote more books by other Pakistani writers who accepted that our soldiers not only massacred Bengali Muslims in big number, but they also followed the orders of General Niazi and raped women. I will stop here. I just want to say that the Unfinished Memoirs of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is the historical evidence that Bengalis never broke Pakistan but they actually created Pakistan”. Hamid Mir should remember that the government had constituted Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission to identify underlying causes for the tragedy. The Commission criticized the then military and political leadership for their ineptness, but at the same time debunked the propaganda by India that two to three million Bengalis had been killed by the Pakistan army. The Commission put the total figure of casualties at twenty six thousands including the killings of West Pakistanis, members of Pakistan’s security personnel and Biharis that were butchered by Mukti Bahini guerillas. A major part of what is written in Mujib’s Memoirs is also one sided, as the role India played in creating disaffection by funding the detractors of Pakistan was not even mentioned. While concluding his article Hamid Mir wrote: “Remember that only brave people accept their mistakes. It is time to show some bravery by accepting our mistakes and apologizing to Bangladeshis”. The question is why he has become spokesman of Bangladesh? —The writer is Lahore-based senior journalist.

Military & media dia is critical to defendPakistan in war and peace. While many in the media tend Rana Athar Javed stereotypically to view role of miliEmail: ma_javed@hotmail.com tary with a certain amount of distrust, the importance of media beyond conventional analysis ore nations today are en will become the multiplier force to gaged in process of harmo impact the perception building pronizing relationship be- cess of a nation, and by extension of tween military and media than any Pak-military. point before the Soviet invasion of In an era of fourth generation of Afghanistan in 1979. Since the pre- asymmetrical warfare, economic crivailing security situations argues for ses, regional hostilities and terrorism, a cautious assessment of institutional both material and intellectual reroles, the method to model domes- sources can play proactive role to tic media after foreign news organi- achieve a steady-state level of milizations fail to take into account the tary & media partnership, especially cultural and historical conditions in in a society, which operates under a respective society. In the case of multilayer of conflict including issues Pakistan,the military has never re- of multi-ethnicity and cultural diverally utilized its leverage and took sity. The more recent examples of advantage of its tremendous capa- assaulting both military and security bility to influence public opinion. services looks strikingly systematic This deficit can be seen both in terms and organized in way that the miliof providing appropriate trainingon tary cannot be sure of the loyalty of asymmetrical warfarereporting to its own media organizations and media persons and establishing a thereby plunging itself into a contro“joint information doctrine” under versy of “who should be the savior which media support sensitivities of of this nation?”. With respect to operational security and context of military’s role and policy-making, it military & media relationship. is however clear that modeling critiThis policy program will not cal media approaches on the basis of only encourage broader contacts be- rhetoric and borrowed narratives of tween relevant quarters of military accountability can only escalate tenand media, but this approach will sion between two important and realso help preventing the political in- sponsible institutions. fluence of owners/leaders and forThe average Pakistani citizen eign sponsors of domestic media very much appreciates the sacrifices outlets. One major conclusion of of the military, but the day-to-day current civil-military relationship is activities of political elites, and the that an effective and proactive en- media impression: “Oh it is good gagement between military and me- that the institutions are fighting”

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misinforms about the judgments and historical role of military. This popular image of Pakistani media is largely developed because of exacerbated attacks on military & intelligence agencies in the time of war, especially when bombing of soldiers and police convoys is a routine matter. In reality and examples of reporting of national security issues in other countries show that rational media reporting techniques will never evaporate fundamental distinction between reporting and making a “bad news”, because conceptualization of a possible partnership between military and media is based on responsibility and trust in military. According to Maj. Edward of US army, “as much as some in the military seek to distance themselves from the media though, the military, in this relatively new era of instant global communications and 24 hours-a-day, seven days-aweek news coverage, does not have the luxury to dismiss or distance itself from the media”. This reflection is expressed by Frank& William in a more precise statement that, “it is in the nature of the press to deliver bad news”. This assessment also addresses thefact, that is,the Pak-military seek to remain non-controversial because abstract media models and speculation tremendously affect the lives of those who by choice fight against the anti-state forces, and also take the blame of separation of professional cultures between military and civilians. The unfortunate part of current media discourse in Pakistan appears to be “weakening national stance” overstrengthening the internal strategic mechanism of a professional military. This characterization is deliber-

ately coupled with an emphasis on civilian control of fundamentally military institutions, and therebymaking an awkward case of “preserving” military subordination”. As a result, taking the audience and readers away fromfacts and directly creating a public impression that military will never do what it should have done. What is needed is concrete political dispensation and support to shape the public perception of “mission and military” regardless of military input. Clearly, media has the role in current nation-building efforts in Pakistan, but only professionally trained media persons can explain the national objectives and institutional sensitivity of military. In addition to its limited application of response to a negative propaganda, military via its unwavering allegiance to better serve the nation generates a dichotomy between intermingling with media and communicating military objectives through consultation. In an effort to explain how the military can better engage the media, such a scenariofalls short to provide with appropriate insights into the role of “the Others” (foreign & hostile forces) to the domestic media. The most important conclusion is that the principal of media as the Fourth Estate seems to be applied more than its age of maturity in Pakistan. The point here is that constantly negative public debate cycle has military implications by which the military fights wars and emphasizes on separation of professionalism and ideological patterns. —The author is a Denmark-based National Security Expert and Defence Analyst.

week after the Egyptianbrokered ceasefire put an end to hostilities between Hamas and Israel, the UN General Assembly is all set to vote on Palestine’s bid for full membership of the UN as an observer state. Palestine had been taking part in the UN as an observer entity since 1974, but since last year Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas has been lobbying for Palestine’s membership of the UN as a state. While a majority of the 193-member body are expected to full in favour of upgrading Palestine to an observer state, resistance is expected from the US and Israel. While US President Barack Obama reiterated his commitment to lobby for Palestinian statehood before he was elected the first time, he has openly criticised the move by Abbas to seek full membership of the UN. According to the American leader, negotiations, not membership of the UN, are the key for seeking a resolution for the Israel-Palestine conflict. In fact, he even personally called his Palestinian counterpart to delay his bid for full membership— an appeal that was openly rejected by Abbas. Even last year, the United States vetoed Palestine’s attempt to be admitted to the UN as a full member state, but the country does not have a right to veto at the general assembly. Thus, Palestinian leader are confident that they will be able to get the simple majority needed for the full membership. Other Western nations appear split on the issue. At least 12 EU members are expected to vote in favour for the full membership save the UK, which will most probably support the US in its rejection of the bid. But what exactly will this full membership of the UN serve? Palestinian leaders hope that the international community will start recognising their territory as a legitimate state. But the UN status will not actually matter if Israel refuses to push the peace process forward and restore the pre-1967 war boundaries. Interestingly, Israel has recently mellowed down its vociferous opposition to Palestine’s full membership. Perhaps, Israeli leaders are aware that full inclusion in the UN will be merely titular for the Palestinian Authority and the latter will continue to remain bereft of any real lobbying power in the international arena.—Khaleej Times

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Ending Syria conflict an urgent need

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t is important to identify the di rection of Syria’s future. As the conflict continues without an end in sight, it is critical that the requirements for the next stage are clearly outlined. This is imperative given the fact that the conflict will tear the nation apart if the violence does not stop. In a recent clarification on its stance, China has expressed its support for calls for a “political transition” as a means to end the conflict. “A political settlement is the only viable solution in the Syrian conflict. We are for diplomatic and peaceful means to end the Syrian conflict. There is a misunderstanding of the Chinese view vis-à-vis the Syrian issue”, said Yang Fuchange, former Chinese deputy foreign minister and honorary president of the Chinese Association for Middle East Studies. Fuchange further said that his country is not in support or against the Syrian government, but that “we are with the Syrian people’s choice to attain peace and stability in the country”. Russia on the other hand insisted that its stance on the Syrian regime has not shifted. Even though this division between world powers is harming the Syrian conflict, it is the division among the Syrian opposition that is causing the greatest harm. On Wednesday, members of the newly formed Syrian opposition group met in Cairo, in an attempt to agree on the details of a transitional government. Unfortunately, they could not find common denominators and instead ended with friction as they disagreed on the means of moving forward. This division of opinion and stance is extremely harmful. Not only is it an obstacle towards ending the bloodshed, it is also endangering the nation’s unity. —Gulf News Genius is an infinite capacity for taking pains. —Proverb


Let there be 16 provinces bility of Pakistan can be guaranteed. Otherwise the clash of interests would keep the center and provinces in mutual bickSaeed Qureshi ering and feuding. Email: qureshisa2003@yahoo.com The break-away feelings and insurgency that is going on in Balochistan can be ne of the biggest hurdles in nailed and quelled, once and for all, the way of good governance if the constitutional obligation of and fair distribution of funds devolution of powers to the provinces in Pakistan is the awfully less num- is fulfilled. At present provinces of ber of provinces. One of the most Balochistan, Sindh, NWFP, harbor a overriding priorities for any govern- host of grievances against Punjab that ment in Pakistan is to create mini- range from taking more share of mum 16 provinces in order to broaden funds to the undue use of water. There the scope of development and nation are simmering feelings of discontent building. The existing four provinces and aversion against Punjab because should each be portioned into three of the army whose bulk comes from or four smaller units or provinces, the Punjab. Punjab is the target of comFata region, the Northern states of plaints and grudge of other provinces Chitral, Swat, Hunza, and Dir, should for being a privileged province as was be converted into provinces as well. West Pakistan compared to the former The more there would be adminis- East Pakistan. trative units, the more the governance East Pakistan’s cessation (for would become efficient and decid- Bengalis independence) could have edly development oriented. been averted if the Eastern wing of The existing four provinces are Pakistan was fairly and equitably like four states within a state. These treated. Similar kind of specter and four elephantine administrative units danger of disintegration looms over create regional and provincial friction Pakistan now, which can be warded bordering on hatred. Ever since the off, if more provinces are carved out creation of Pakistan, one of the over- of the existing ones. The fruits of riding snags in the way of coveted devolution of powers are universally national cohesion and unity are these known for balanced and effective mega provinces that vie and remain development of both rural and urban at loggerheads with each other. With areas of a country on one side and a separate language of each province, the backward and advanced areas on the four separate nationalities look the other. In big units as we have in conspicuously distinct. Besides it cre- Pakistan, the major chunks of funds ates communication barriers between go to those cities or towns from which the people with less or no knowledge the politicians or the members of the of the national language Urdu. parliament come. Even otherwise in Once the question of creation of Pakistan, the rural development has more provinces is addressed, the sta- mostly remained neglected because

Column from Dallas

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most of the development funds are spent in the urban areas. Bangladesh that separated from the West Pakistan in 1971, despite being much smaller in area (148000 sq km to 796000 sq miles of Pakistan) has 6 provinces and 64 districts. Bangladesh has a system of distribution of resources and funds for development that is much transparent, grass root and effective than Pakistan because the money is spread over more administrative units and therefore is spent on a vast area. India has 28 provinces (states) and 610 districts. Besides, there are seven union territories. Under the States Reorganization Act of 1956, the states were reorganized on linguistic basis. The United States of America is one country where such a remarkable model for division of powers is in vogue. The 50 states (provinces) are almost independent in running their local governments even having direct trade with outside world. This model can be followed in Pakistan as far as possible. Pakistan has four big federating units and 127 districts. The social and civic development remains largely confined to the big cities. The people have to travel all the way to the provincial capitals to meet the assembly members at a big financial cost and wastage of time. As such even after 60 years of its existence, it is devoid of highways between major cities and an efficient railway system. The people suffer from poor, inadequate or deficient civic utilities. The political chaos takes it spillover toll on the quality of life. The availability of sustained potable water and power, disposal of solid waste, health, education, orderly traffic and good transportation that are components of good city management and a smooth civic life have

remained unrealized. The quality of life in Pakistan is abysmally low. Unfortunately, due to rampant corruption and lack of effective accountability, the funds are misused and misappropriated. Each province would not wait for the four provincial capitals for sanction of funds for development. With the creation of smaller provinces, the people would be able to take independent decisions, have sense of participation and commitment and socio- political freedom, tackle their problems be it law and order or building roads and dams. With more courts in the new provinces the perennial backlog of pending cases could be speedily decided. The long standing demands of many regions with common language and ethnic bonds such as Siraiki belt and Hazara could be met by converting these areas into full fledged provinces. The provincial autonomy once given would relieve the center of the bureaucratic over-lordship. The function of the center would be to make policy decisions and with the coordination of the provinces implement these. The shifting of most of the ministries to the provincial domain would alleviate enormous administrative and financial load on the Centre. The PPP government deserves huge applause and due credit for passage of the 18th amendment in 2010. It was a giant step that among other revolutionary changes has abolished the concurrent list of 47 subjects. These subjects were the sordid legacy of the British imperial rule and had kept the autonomy of the provinces host and vulnerable to the interference by the central government. —The writer is a senior journalist and a former diplomat.

Blaming Muslims for ME problems S H R Hashmi Email:srhhashmi@hotmail.com

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am sure Kunwar Khuldune Shahid would be quite convinced that through his article ‘Blindfolded by Muslim brotherhood’ which appeared on Nov 23 in a national English daily, he has made a very strong case for Israel, and reminded us of some serious defects in our (Muslims’) way of thinking and behaving on the Arab-Israeli issue. First of all, he calls into question our tendency to rise in anger when Muslims are killed by non-Muslims but not to treat with equal disapproval the killing of Muslims by fellow Muslims. I would admit that ideally, killing of humans needs to be condemned without any discrimination on account of race, religion and colour and there are some decent people all over the world who do exactly that, but they are a small minority, unable to make their approach a standard universal practice. Unfortunately, in the imperfect world we live in, there is this selective approach even in serious matters like death but it is not peculiar to Muslims. George Bush turned our region upside down over the killing of 3,000 Americans, mostly Christians, by Osama bin Laden, yet the same George Bush got killed 5,000 Americans in Iraq for no good reason, yet he did not face even a minor enquiry over that. Also, while Christians fought world wars with each other yet the same Christians joined hands against Muslim, and still do, in crusades It is the same with other religions. The other problem is that the writer feels free to move around nearly 4,000 years of Jewish history. He raises a question “How can you

criticize Israel for its annexations in Palestine and then conveniently forget that it was the Arabs that annexed the area in the 7th century in the first place.” You see, he compares a 7th century incident with those in the 20th and and 21st century, and draws conclusions. If we want to discuss things sensibly and in a practical manner, we have to shorten the time span drastically. If we decide to go back not all 4,000 years but just a few centuries, we will find that the Americans, the Canadians, the Australians and New Zealanders are just murderous thugs and scoundrels who hunted down to near-extinction the indigenous populations of those regions in order to found their countries but will that help in devising practical solutions. So, jumping around all over those 4,000 years might be useful in historical context but would not be of much practical value, and the period under discussions has to be drastically reduced t, perhaps to around a century, in order to draw some sensible conclusions that could be of practical worth. Also, he has referred to massacre of Jews by Muslims in the years 1033, 1066, 1276 and 1840, with even the latest being nearly two centuries back but failed to mention the massacres by Jews of the Palestinians the list of which runs into quite a few pages, and all within the last hundred years, and pretty nasty ones for that matter. He mentions 25,000 Jews expelled by Egypt and thousands put in detention but fails to mention 472,000 Palestinians expelled by Zionists, as estimated by the UN Mediator on Palestine, which is the lowest figure while other estimates put the number of Palestinians expelled from their ancestral lands as much higher. He also does not mention thousands of Palestinians in Is-

raeli prisons, and of course Gaza, the open prison, with nearly two million Palestinians thrown in. Also, while tracing nearly 4.000 year Jewish history, he failed to mention the worst atrocity that was committed on Jews during the holocaust when between 2.5 million and 6 millions Jews were killed in the civilized west and not in Muslim states but I suppose that would not have gone well with the Muslim-bashing theme of the article. The writer suggests “The first thing that the Muslim countries need to do is to recognize Israel as a sovereign state – you can’t talk to, accuse or negotiate with someone you don’t even claim exists.” May I remind him that Turkey had very close relations and high level of cooperation with Israel but that did not stop Israel from killing in cold blood 9 Turks on the international Peace Flotilla to Gaza and that, too, in international waters. And to add insult to injury, Israel refuses even to apologize for it. After waiting patiently for a long time, Turkey has now started a trial in absentia of the Israeli Commandos. Now, if recognizing Israel and being its close ally, as well as a NATO member and on good terms with the United States did not earn Turkey a fair treatment, what could other Muslim countries gain by recognizing Israel? The writer also categorically states “When you are not recognizing Israel as a nation, when Hamas’ official charter has ‘Israel’s destruction’ written in its goals, when Muslim leaders like Mahmoud Ahmadinejad openly manifest antiSemitism and talk about eradicating Israel, how can you say that the Muslims want peace and Jews don’t. Sure Benjamin Netanyahu is a bit of a nuthead, but then again so are most of the Arab leaders. None of them actu-

ally wants peace; they just want to assert the superiority of their religions and nations at the cost of the rivals, much like their predecessors did.” One should have the decency to verify facts before making categorical statements, especially when the information is easily accessible through the internet. According to a Guardian report of January 12, 2006, Hamas dropped the call for destruction of Israel from its manifesto. As for Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, one should be able to differentiate between rhetoric and serious declarations of intent. With Israel being a long-established nuclear power and the whole of Europe and the United States as its supporters, does the writer really think that Iran could pose a serious threat to Israel. Jewish religion is a restrictive one, with conversions are rare, which accounts for a total worldwide Jewish population of under twenty million. The Jews had all the time in the world to found their state or states but they were not keen on it in the past, and one fine morning, decided that they ought to have one. Now, why do Palestinians have to suffer because of Jews awakening from their deep slumber running into few thousand years. Also, there is something terribly wrong with Palestinians being uprooted forcibly from their ancestral land to accommodate Jews who migrated to faroff lands and have stayed away from Palestine for centuries. In the end, the writer says “And as for Pakistan, we really need to rethink our lopsided love-in with the Arabs, and focus instead on getting our own house in order” I think there is nothing to stop us from pursuing both goals, because these are not mutually exclusive.

Views From Abroad

Morsi’s goal of new Egypt M Abdullah

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t last Egyptian politics is moving. President Muhammad Morsi is slowly building on his summer ‘coup’, when he stared down Egypt’s generals and put his men in the top army and defense positions, following terrorist attacks in Sinai which the army, so old and bumbling, so involved in Egyptian internal politics, failed to prevent. Now, he has stared down Israel’s generals, and dealt as an equal with President Barack Obama to bring US pressure on Israel to back down in its planned invasion of Gaza. Egyptian Prime Minister Hesham Qandil was sent to Gaza on Nov. 16 at the height of Israel’s current Operation Pillar of Cloud, forcing Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to call a unilateral truce to avoid killing the Egyptian leader. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton rushed to Cairo to show

Washington’s support for Morsi, making it clear that Obama was starting a new leaf, finally understanding who his real ally is in the Middle East, and putting Netanyahu in his place. There will be no repeat of Israel’s humiliation of Obama with the 2008 Operation Cast Lead. Then, just hours after Morsi, the wise peacemaker, waved goodbye to Hillary, but with his old-guard judiciary poised to dissolve the Constitutional Committee and destroy all hope for carrying the revolution forward, the unassuming president stared them down too, issuing a decree putting his decrees above judicial review. And for the second time, he dismissed the prosecutor general, Abdel Meguid Mahmud, who has presided over the legal stonewalling of prosecutions of counterrevolutionaries this time not backing down. The time for dawdling and letting criminals off the hook is over. The new prosecutor general, reformer Talaat Ibrahim Abdallah, has ordered a new trial of Mubarak and police and thugs let off

scot-free by the old judiciary. The secularists should look at the writing on the wall. Egypt is a devout Muslim country, where Christians are protected by Islam and cultural liberals are tolerated. These Western-inspired forces will never prevail, so they should work with Islamists, not against them, if they want to maximize social harmony and their own rights. Sadly, the opposition is increasingly siding with the Mubarak crowd. “President Mursi said we must go out of the bottleneck without breaking the bottle,” presidential spokesman Yasser Ali said. The opposition would rather see the bottle break that get Egypt’s life blood flowing again. Anyone who wants to be part of a new Egypt, to shake off the imperial yoke looking for inspiration in Islam, should be delighted and inspired. Instead, MB offices in Port Said and Ismailia and Suez were firebombed, and liberals and judges, reinforced by the Mubarak crowd — now more and more assertive — are demon-

strating angrily at the high court in Cairo and the judges’ union has called a strike. Some talk of impeaching the president as a traitor. The counterrevolutionaries are continuing to expose themselves. “The decisions I took are aimed at achieving political and social stability,” Mursi explained, vowing to firmly enforce the law against hooligans hired by loyalists of the former regime to attack security forces, state and party institutions. Under prosecutor Meguid, it was beginning to look like no one would be held to account for the tens of thousands who were tortured and killed during Mubarak’s reign, for the billions that were stolen, and the flagrant rigging of elections. The rich, corrupt old guard continue to pay thugs and unemployed to disrupt civic life, to bring discredit to the revolution. They have been doing this from day one and there is no reason to believe they have stopped. —Arab News

Voice of the People Voters lists & Armed Forces COL RIAZ JAFRI (RETD)

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ccording to a news report the Chief Justice of Pakistan has suggested use of the armed forces for carrying out door to door scrutiny of the voters at Karachi, where around 3 million voters are reported to be missing from the voters’ lists. Would someone please advise the CJ not to suggest the use of the armed forces for such a thankless job, for, what’s there that the mighty civilians can’t do by themselves? According to most critics and army bashers, in any case the armed forces are not trained for doing such civilian jobs? And, if the CJ thinks they are, then why not let them do ALL the other jobs of running the govt. also? Incidentally, the armed forces are sick of doing such thankless works for their ungrateful Civilian Superemos, who should better learn to wash their linen by themselves and in their own courtyards too. Why involve the Armed Forces just because they are more efficient, dutiful, clean and honest? —Via email

Death on sale ASGHAR MAHMOOD Poison is on sale openly in Pakistan;spurious syrup is being sold at medical stores in Lahore as couph remedy. People are dying by taking the poisonous cough syrup. There is no check on the sale of spurious drugs in the country.This is the level of governance. Apparently, the Health Department and Drug Inspectors are mixed up with merachants of death. Where is accountability? Politicians are busy in plundering the national resources for the future of their posterirty. Welfare of the people is not included in the Government agenda. The CSO including media, NGOs, religious leaders and social workers can play crucial role against the menace of trade of poison. Intelligence Agencies can also play important role in this Jehad. —Islamabad

Malala not coming back IQBAL HADI ZAIDI I wish it is wrong what is captioned above but perhaps it is not so and there are many valid reasons behind the same and not otherwise. I have received an email earlier this week from one of my distant relative who is known to my elders since long and has had many seniors positions both in East and West Pakistan till he finally retired so he is certainly a man of integrity and morality hence he ought to be trusted when he said something. The email is received by me from Karachi, Pakistan says that there are strong indications that Malala and his family is not coming back to Pakistan. Some days back I have myself read at net that she has no plans to live in any place other than Pakistan and she has very emphatically and categorically said aloud that she will return to the country she was born in and raised but perhaps now for some unknown reasons she has changed her mind. Taliban know it very well that she has been flown out of Pakistan to UK for treatment and therefore the dare devils have announced publicly that they will target her again as and when she returns to Pakistan which is very awful news in any vase. She who had been writing in UK and fully exposing the cruel and inhuman atrocities committed by Talebans in Pakistan which quite naturally annoyed Talebans to the maximum and they were after her blood and they did not miss the opportune and finally pounced on her with gunshots and therefore attack on her when back in Pakistan cannot be ruled out. Secondly UK is the country where so many people from different countries of the world including influential Pakistanis take refuge and do their best to seek UK nationality on one pretext or the other so the question is that why not Malala should also avail the golden chance to reside with his family in UK. Lastly it be noted that for some days Malala has not indicated that she is returning to Pakistan. She sympathized with Hamid Mir, on telephone in Islamabad a couple of days back when a bomb was planted near his car but on that day too she was completely silent on returning to Pakistan. Let me conclude saying that there are very strong indications that Malala is gone off from Pakistan to UK. —Kuwait

Culture of militarised violence YOUNUS FAROOQ The excessive use of inhuman laws, as such, AFSPA (special powers act) and PSA (public safety act) by armed forces, citing national security reasons, have militarized the Kashmir politics, in fact, consolidated Indian political command over Kashmir. In the wake of militant insurgency that led to huge mass exodus of pundit community, boys and man were picked up at will by security forces, beaten, thrashed, tortured and lodged in jails for indefinite days. In the face of 1987 fixed elections, the spree of tortures and custodial disappear-

ances added a new dimension to the Kashmir conflict. People voted Muslim United Front to victory, but as is believed, government forces thrashed and detained them and take power to politicians of time. As the story goes, migration of pundits was speed ed up by fragile governance present at that time coupled with inability on the part of the government to provide protection and security to pundit community. The culture of systematic militarized violence is a hallmark of political administration in suppressing mass revolt to the ground. The arbitrary arrests, custodial disappearances, tortures and killings from 1990s up to 2010 is clear cut emphasis on the kind of repressive governance installed in Kashmir. Without force and violence government cannot run indefinitely, peace becomes casualty and truth gets persecuted. The recurring pattern of killings in Kashmir from past years have indicated political propensity to military aggression as most of those who died, were either shot above chests or hit in leg or necks, by military or paramilitary forces or police men. The outward stability of Kashmir hides volatile undercurrents. It then amazed me to discover youth of certain age groups pelting security man, in return, shot on the spot. How can they do this? To break the curiosity, a civil servant officer told me ,’’a protesting mob finds itself safe in numbers, frequency of pelting increases, added in a surprising note, armed forces cannot estimate precisely the actual size of packed mob and cannot see clearly what type and composition a mob consist of? He said any one can be present in the protesting mob, I chimed in ‘’any one ‘he said, ‘you do not miss your guess. (He was referring to militants). Journalists should cross-check and double proof facts and figures. Next day, back in 2010, I chanced upon a university professor while crossing a lane and he debated the matter wisely. He cited law of proportionality, said, force applied must match force received, in other words, we can say a stone for a stone, a bullet for a bullet. You cannot shoot someone for a trifle stone. —Via email

NW challenges LT COL M SHAHBAZ (R) The United States of America and their spokes man our Interior Minister Rahman Malik (facing Disqualification in dual Nationality case) has decreed that Pakistan must under take operations in North Waziristan. Waziristan has been hub of activities since the start of Afghan jihad in 1978-79. Well built bunkers, deep tunnels and the defensive positions had been built in the area during the Afghan Jihad. Any operation in the Area has to be under taken based on reliable intelligence, with the assistance of local population and in accordance with the tribal traditions. This is a very serious Matter, operations are under taken to succeed and bring relief to the common man. Thereafter the Civil Administration must take over. Unfortunately both in South Waziriristan and Swat the Army is still managing the day to day affairs. Civil Servants are reluctant to take over. The federal as well as provincial governments are also shy of accepting the responsibility. 1947 was a great opportunity for Pakistan to lay the foundations of people friendly relations with people of Tribal Areas. FATA should have been given the status of a new Province like Baluchistan, bringing them at par with the rest of the country. This was an opportunity lost. During ZIA era to win American war so called Jihad was started (79-89). Sons of poor people were trained in maddressas & sent to Afghanistan to become cannon fodder. Major entry points in to Afghanistan were from Waziristan, as such this area became the hub of Afghan jihad. After 9/11, these experienced men came back. The POWER BASE shifted from the Maliks to the Religious leaders in FATA. Mass murder of Maliks by these new commanders proves the point. Situation changed after 9/11.No serious effort was made by the Musharaf Government to assess the situation correctly. After Attack by

NATO/ Northern alliance in Afghanistan, Taliban sought refuge in FATA. Pakistan Government remained in a confused state, which resulted in half baked efforts/agreements in. Government’s failure to enforce their writ in the area facilitated the Taliban to enforce their own law in the area. Foreign hand is fully involved in funding and training these terrorists through the Indian consultants in Afghanistan. The NATO vacated their posts along the Durand line in 2008/ 2009, allowing terrorists to cross over to Pakistan for terrorist attacks inside Pakistan. In my opinion their strategy indicates. Joint NATO / Pak Operations in Northern Waziristan will not solve problem. USA and NATO need to learn from the British that Force does not solve problems. We need to wake up and find long term solutions and not Play into the hands of terrorists. Bring Peace through talks and activate political forces / local community by an effective civil administration; to bring peace and provide relief to the common man. We must remember East Pakistan, Where the Army was defeated because the local people were not with them. —Via email

Govt by retarded HASHIM ABRO Being a student of political science and Law I have learnt that democracy means equality of opportunity for all in education, in the public service, and in private employment. It means the protection of the weak against the strong. But permit me to say about democracy in the context of province Sindh. Democracy means more deprivation and discrimination against the natives. Democracy is, indeed, better than dictatorial regimes, it is better than monarchies, but it has been painful for the people of Sindh– because democracy basically means government by the people, of the people, for the people, but the people are retarded. So let us say: government by the retarded, for the retarded, of the retarded in the backdrop of Sindh. The present rulers have promoted such a culture and system in the province which never espouses merit, equality, and a level playing field, but it exalts those with wealth, power, and celebrity, however gained- indeed, gained through organized corruption. The most ludicrous fact is this that they promote stupid and insane people in the society. Talent is not respected among the ruling clique and achievements of talented people are not revered by them. They have promoted only the third-class people, very mediocre people, many of them have become billionaires by embezzling and misappropriating development funds. No doubt, the present democratic government inherited a dire situation but unfortunately its executive team has not shown any democratic sense of appreciation of current challenges being faced by the province. Indeed, words cannot describe the sense of devastation and grief felt personally which the present ruling elite has caused to the democracy and to the feelings, sentiments and aspirations of their innocent and innocuous voters, especially, the disaster victims who are passing their days and nights under the open skies in this severe weather in the province. Aversion runs deep against democracy among people in the province. One can witness an unprecedented level of frustration in the province. Since our current problems in the province are chronic however, I suggest that a more radical solution will be required, at least to address particular concerns of the voters, in particular, deprivation and discrimination against the natives in the province. Believe me sir! Like other parts of Pakistan, the deprived and denied Sindhis want a government by the people of merit, integrity, honesty, action and vision in the province. —Islamabad

READERS are requested to type their letters legibly with double spacing and only on one side of the paper.

—Editor Email:editorial@pakobserver.net


Foreign policy in the second Obama administration? TOUFIQ ALI

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RESIDENT Obama has just been elected to run the government of the most powerful country of the world for a second successive term. During the first term, his administration’s policies and activities had been under intense scrutiny. But what do we know of his foreign policy objectives during this term? Very little; hence, the question mark at the end of the title. Immediately after her appointment, Secretary Clinton had stated that there are “…three legs to the stool of American foreign policy: defence, diplomacy and development.” Coordination among the three “legs of the stool” enabled Obama to end US troop involvement in Iraq and begin disengaging from Afghanistan. In stopping the apparent threat of weapons of mass destruction, the administration has managed to get support for economic sanctions against Iran. Obama’s engagement with the Arab countries stems from the belief that while the US can help build more secure societies, only the citizens of those nations can sustain them. The killing of the US ambassador in Libya is a stark reminder of the implications of an unstable administration that can emerge when an upheaval does not deliver a leader with vision and an ability to govern. Senator Kerry, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, has wide experience. Thomas Donilon, Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, is a possible choice. Ambassador Susan Rice, currently Ambassador to the UN, has earned the wrath of many for misleading statements immediately after the Benghazi attacks. How much time does the administration have before it has to articulate its foreign policy? Events may overtake the best of intentions that Obama may have. On November 14, the Hamas Military Commander, Ahmed AlJabari, was killed in a pinpoint airstrike as he was riding in a car down a Gaza street. In the

ensuing days, many were reminded of the Israeli military offensive of 2008-9, involving ground troops as well. This is a fight between

minister had publicly supported the unsuccessful candidate Governor Romney. US desire to prevent Iran from acquiring

unequals; yet, Israel has singularly failed to defeat the Palestinians. Through periodic assaults, they destroy any organisation or infra-

nuclear weapons continues to remain a challenge. Israel wants military action, though leaked US intelligence and IAEA reports indi-

Economic sanctions are clearly taking a toll on the Iranians, particularly women and children, but it is uncertain if this will be enough to break their spirit. Syria remains a powder keg. Perhaps the government of President Assad may be able to hold out for some more time, unless the opponents get greater external support. By now, the US has sufficient lessons from the experiences in Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia to guide them in handling the Syrian problem a little more deftly. The Obama administration has already taken a positive plunge in economic affairs. Secretary Clinton stated recently that US foreign policy is being re-oriented to promote American economic interests after Washington was tied down by two wars in the past decade. She acknowledged that global leadership now depends on economic strength, and that even non-military powers are gaining clout, less because of the sizes of their armies than because of the growth in their GDP. Secretary Clinton’s recognition of the economic impact of two decades of war is reassuring. The US has over $ 16 trillion of public debt, which is just about the same as its total GDP (Bangladesh’s debt is 23% of the GDP). In trade of goods and services, the deficit in 2011 was a staggering $ 559 billion. It is vital for the world, particularly for Europe, that the US climbs out of the economic quagmire it is in today. Obama’s first trip abroad was to Asia; the US is building relationships that will help them in the immediate-to-medium term. The Chinese

It is uncertain where else the US will pursue its goal of “helping build more stable societies.” Perhaps the greatest challenge has been the handling of long-term issues, such as global warming. President Obama was able to pull off a coup in Copenhagen in 2009, but failed to lead US citizens into making the changes required to tackle global warming. After all, one can negotiate among countries, but there is no scope to negotiate with nature! Secretary Clinton has announced that she will not stay on for the second Obama term. President Obama has to appoint a successor. Publicly, there is talk of three front runners. structure that the Palestinians create after the last destruction. Is the timing of the escalation by the Israelis a coincidence? The Israeli prime

cate that Iran may still be many, many years away from developing an effective, deliverable nuclear weapon.

GDP has already reached half that of the US’, and the middle-class there is acquiring money and consumer preferences that the US can

exploit. Other rapidly-developing countries in Asia also look promising for US businesses. And, what role will Myanmar occupy in US foreign policy? Obama’s visit to Myanmar was not just for a photo with Aung San Suu Kyi. Myanmar has been under Chinese influence for decades, and the West is now aggressively courting the country’s leaders. The Chinese, despite their pronouncements to the contrary, must surely be concerned about this turn of events. Does Bangladesh have reason for hope or concern? Given the US emphasis on economic issues, the prospects for continued USBangladesh engagement are as bright as ever. Occasional hiccups have been observed. There is no reason to assume that the partnership cannot be enhanced, if relations are handled with maturity and understanding. A key question is whether the US will be prepared to help an energy-starved country such as Bangladesh with technology that will help us. Will major-power rivalry in and around Myanmar affect us? The interests of both the West (and India) as well as China are too deeply entrenched to permit a quick resolution to the competition there. Bangladesh will have to play its cards, which are being revealed gradually, very carefully. As with any opportunity, there are risks; how we manage them will determine our benefits. It is difficult to make predictions in an environment where the parameters are yet to be defined. From what is explicit, we need to take seriously Secretary Clinton’s remarks on economic issues dominating US foreign policy in the second Obama administration. This is good for the US, and desirable for advancing peace and prosperity in the world. At the same time, one has to be careful that conflagrations, such as the current Palestinian-Israeli conflict, do not derail the objectives of US foreign policy of the new administration. The writer, a former Secretary and Ambassador, is now Chief Executive, Bangladesh International Arbitration Centre. —Courtesy Daily Star.

Asia To Remain Global Engine of Growth Greece and Germany: this is a crisis of cousins ANTHONY FENSOM

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ARIS may be the “city of light,” but there was little economic sunshine on Tuesday as the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)’s headquarters delivered a report slashing its 2013 growth forecasts for its members. With the International Monetary Fund having also downgraded the outlook at its recent Tokyo conference, can Asia overcome the gloom stemming from Europe? “The world economy is far from being out of the woods,” OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said during the launch of its latest Economic Outlook in the French capital. “The U.S. ‘fiscal cliff’ if it materializes, could tip an already weak economy into recession, while failure to solve the euro crisis could lead to a major financial shock and global downturn,” he warned. The OECD’s 34 developed member economies are expected to grow by a sluggish 1.4 percent in 2013, down from its 2.2 percent rate forecast in May. The global economy is predicted to grow by 3.4 percent in 2013 and 4.2 percent the following year. The twice-yearly report mirrored that of the International Monetary

its GDP to contract by 4.5 percent next year, the most of any European economy. In addition, the OECD’s army of 50 million jobless may see its ranks swell in Europe, with the eurozone’s unemployment rate forecast to remain above 11 percent for the next two years. Provided that American lawmakers reach a compromise to avert automatic tax hikes and

forms in the coming December 16 general election, although economists expect the Japanese economy to emerge from recession next year. However, neighbor South Korea is expected to see its growth rate climb to 3.1 percent in 2013 and 4.4 percent the following year, bolster by stronger export numbers. According to the OECD, Seoul has scope for fis-

spending cuts, the OECD expects the world’s largest economy to grow by 2 percent in 2013, and 2.8 percent the following year. This is up compared

with May’s estimates of 2.4 and 2.6 percent growth, respectively. The tepid recovery in advanced nations was blamed on private sector deleveraging, fiscal consolidation measures and insufficient action by policymakers, along with domestic issues in emerging economies. Asia’s mixed bag As Japan heads to the polls, its beleaguered government can take little solace from the OECD’s report, which forecasted that the world’s third-largest economy would grow just 0.7 percent in 2013, around half of what it expected in May. The Diplomat earlier reported that Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda is expected to pay the ultimate political price for his recent fiscal re-

NAVIN SINGH KHADKA

T

I grew up in Germany with a Greek father and a German mother, and I find it relatively easy to look at the situation from both sides of the divide. But for Greeks in Greece to accept partial responsibility in their downfall isn’t easy. Greece experienced modernisation, but no real reforms. Mentally, it never kept up with eco-

overwhelming impression is not of a culture clash but a historical enmeshing. You only have to remember that the blue-and-white Greek flag is based on the colours of the state of Bavaria – whose Prince Otto became the first king of independent Greece. These shared links and influences – all too

And yet Greeks who arrive are rarely welcomed with open arms at German borders. A large part of the population still insists that “we” will end up having to cough up for “their” welfare. Out come all the old cliches: haven’t “those Greeks” always been feckless layabouts? People empathise with the situation in Greece but often wouldn’t want to go as far as letting out their flat to a Greek family.

cal and monetary stimulus due to its “sound public finances and low inflation,” although it urged more structural reforms to boost labor force par-

India is also predicted to recover from this year’s decidedly downbeat 4.4 percent growth, posting rises of 6.5 percent in 2013 and 7.1 percent a year later. “Growth is expected to remain weak for some time,” the OECD said, saying more fiscal restraint was needed to avoid a further deterioration of confidence in Asia’s third-biggest economy. Australia’s record streak continues Meanwhile, Australia is expected to perform “slightly below potential” over the next two years due to the global slowdown, with GDP expected to rise by 3 percent in 2013 and 3.2 percent a year later, down from previous estimates but continuing its record 21 straight years of expansion. Fund, which in October forecast advanced economies would grow by just 1.3 percent this year and the world economy by 3.3 percent and 3.6 percent in 2012 and 2013 respectively. Growth forecasts for this year and the next for the United States and Japan were again lowered by the OECD, with the eurozone’s recession thought to be even deeper than previously expected. Warning that the eurozone’s debt crisis “remains the greatest threat to the world economy,” the OECD said the 17-nation bloc would remain in recession until early 2013, with GDP declining by 0.1 percent next year before rebounding in 2014. Greece is set to remain a drag on the region with the OECD expecting

M

Y family’s experience shows how easily Greeks and Germans for get what they have in common. I recently bumped into a cousin in Switzerland. I hadn’t known she even existed – she and I never moved in the same family circles when I visited relatives in Athens. But since

HE World Bank does deserve a credit for trying to inject some sense of glo bal warming urgency just before the annual international climate negotiations kicked off in Doha this week. A report aptly named “turn down the heat” it commissioned has warned that the world is on a path to a four degree Celsius warmer by the end of this century and that current carbon cut pledges will not help much. “Even with the current mitigation commitments and pledges fully implemented, there is roughly a 20 per cent likelihood of exceeding four degree Celsius by 2100. If they are not met, a warming of four degree Celsius could occur as early as 2060s,” the report said. “A four degree C world would be one of the unprecedented heat waves, severe drought and major floods in many regions, with serious impacts on ecosystems and associated services.” Deeply deadlocked and cumbersomely complicated as they have become, climate negotiations indeed need the kind of nudging and prompting the bank did just before the

ticipation and productivity. BRICs back in business Growth rates in the BRIC nations are expected to remain solid thanks to more supportive monetary and fiscal policies. Despite the fact that Beijing is expected to post its lowest growth rate in a decade this year, the OECD sees the world’s No. 2 economy increasing GDP by 8.5 percent in 2013 and 8.9 percent a year later. . On Tuesday, however, the benchmark Shanghai Composite index ended at 1991, the first time it had closed below 2000 since January 2009, with analysts growing pessimistic on the likelihood the new leadership will introduce a large stimulus package. —Courtesy : Diplomat.

the start of the crisis, Greeks abroad have become more aware of their family trees. My relative completed a degree in Germany 25 years ago and returned to Greece to get a job in the food industry. Two years ago she was made redundant. For 18 months she tried to find work, then gave up and begged her mother to call her contacts in Germany – such as my father, her cousin once removed, who helped her move to Germany, and from thereon to Switzerland. Although the German parliament should on Friday pass a deal that eases the pressure on the Greek economy, many Greeks have gone back to doing what they have always been good at: they activating networks of relatives in the diaspora and moving abroad. Statistics released this month show that Greek migration to Germany has shot up almost 80% in the past few years. They are a different breed to the unqualified workers from rural areas who moved abroad in the 1960s, however: the new migrant comes from one of the crisis-hit cities and has a bagful of degrees and qualifications. In this respect, the Greek disaster is a German boon: the brain drain from the Mediterranean is helping to plug Germany’s chronic lack of qualified workers. Accepting that migration is once again part of the Greek experience isn’t easy for Greeks, either. Expectations are higher than they used to be. In the 90s, Greece had managed to turn itself from an emigration into an immigration country (even if not a particularly welcoming one, as the rise of Golden Dawn shows). In 2004, when Athens hosted the Olympics and the Greek football team won the European Championship, it briefly looked like the country had finally arrived in Europe. That dream has now come to a sudden end: in the eyes of most Europeans, we’ve been pegged back to “oriental” levels.

nomic progress. The EU and the euro arrived and living standards rose, but in politics the same old family structures remained intact, tourists were served the same old souvlakis and moussakas for notched-up prices, and the country continued to consume, “Balkans-style” – as if the

quickly forgotten – should be the starting point for solving Europe’s problems. Europeans are currently going through an astonishing learning curve: Greeks are coming to terms with the fact that the European Union isn’t just the friendly aunt from the distant west that sorts out our infrastructure

whole dream could be over by tomorrow. Analysing what really happened during the boom years is much harder than blaming the big bad Germans, those heartless, work-obsessed robots. Of course you can question Angela Merkel’s austerity politics. And there’s no question that some Germans – much like many Greeks – have simply failed to grasp where the European project is at: there’s a widespread and enormously inflexible fixation with savings, wage restraint and fighting inflation that is simply outdated. But ultimately Germany and Greece are simply opposite poles at a new phase of European integration. If you look at the relationship between the two countries from a distance, the

but that it can make demands too. And Germany is slowly starting to grasp that the EU can’t just be an export market with a stable currency. A union also has to involve solidarity with people who don’t speak the same language as you. In that respect, the crisis could be an opportunity to complete European integration. But that chance will come and go if we don’t get a glimpse of a light at the end of the tunnel. I am pleased that the Bundestag will, in all likelihood, pass a measure on Friday to cut Greek’s debt mountain by •40bn. For the short term such measures are important, but in the long run “rescue packages” are no recipe for a Europe in which Greece and Germany can coexist happily. —Courtesy - Guardian.

Practise the preach international meet hosted by Qatar this time. The bank’s warning did help to some extent set the initial tone for the meeting whose prospects look quite grim in current climate. But that was largely about mitigation, meaning, containing carbon emissions from making

And the World Bank itself is involved in adaptation projects in several developing and least developed countries. One of them is the Strategic Programme for Climate Resilience (SPCR) the Bank has piloted in a number of countries including Nepal under its Climate

loan component while most developing and least developed countries rejected being loaned for adaptation projects. Their argument was that rich and industrialised nations were responsible for climate change and therefore they had to compensate poor and vulnerable

“Right now we are battling to bring down the huge number of consultants some donors are pushing for,” a source with the ministry said. You will see more on the issue of consultants in this space in the days to come. Meantime, donor countries including the United Kingdom, Germany, Canada, the United States of America, among others, may do well following up with their money they put in the SPCR basket. the world more than two degrees Celsius warmer from the pre-industrial period. What about climate change’s other equally important aspect: adaptation? Adapting to inevitable climatic changes including floods, droughts, sea level rise, shifts in agricultural outputs, among others, have been key concerns for poor countries identified as most vulnerable climatically.

Investment Fund. Has it then been serious about adaptation programmes just as the way it wants others to “take global temperature rise seriously?” The Nepal experience does not offer a positive picture. Remember the raucous row on climate loan some two years ago? It was this very SPCR that had stoked the controversy as Nepal became one of the first countries to accept its

countries for their sufferings and so loan was out of question. Amid protests and criticism and after senior government officials were summoned and grilled in the parliamentary committee, the government signed up to the SPCR with up to US$50 million grant and $36 million as loan—which the bank now chooses to call “other concessional resources.” The programme has five components

with three multilateral development banks: the WB, the Asian Development Bank and the International Finance Corporation. Two of the components—building resilience to climate related hazards and enhancing climate resilience of endangered species— are handled by the WB that played a lead role when the SPCR deal was sealed. So, given so much of a controversial background and increasing number of weather-related tragic events across the country, how much has the project moved, if at all? There was no response from the WB for quite some time. After repeated requests, all I was sent was a general link to the Climate Investment Fund and few introductory paragraphs on SPCR. Whereas what was clearly sought by this scribe was whether there had been any progress on the WB’s component of the SPCR. There was literally nothing on it. The response sits quite oddly with the kind of “importance and urgency” the Bank has given to global warming through the report it had commissioned and brought out at the onset of the Doha climate talks.—CourtesY Kathmandu Post. The writer is a BBC journalist based in London.


PML-Q woos rightists vote From Page 1 The religious orientation of Sharifs and their readiness to patronise religious leadership made PML (N) quite a favourite platform for these forces especially at the time of hustings as compared to PPP Whether it is Sunnih Itehad or JI or Fiqa-i-Jafferia of Allama Sajid Naqvi’s they have the long history of partnership with the Sharifs. The leaders of Sunnih Itehad and JI secured their seats in the parliament with the support of PMLN) in the past. However, the political calculations changed diametrically among these forces with the emergence of PML (Q) as an independent party and that too in power with better prospects in the emerging political scenario. Imran Khan is another factor behind these changes in political calculations of these forces. The soft image of Chaudhrys, their credibility among the religious parties and their accommodating nature as well as their long-standing relations with the parties of right from the days of Nizam-eMustafa Movement when Ch Zahoor Elahi was the focal person of the movement, put the PML(Q)’s leadership in an advantageous position vis-à-vis other parties. The Sunni Ittehad leadership was led down by Sharifs after the Punjab government failed to address its concerns over growing violence against its religious interests in the province. The political analysts said that the Sunni Ittehad’s tilt towards PML (Q) and Chaudhrys’ further efforts at winning more religious forces could be damaging for the PML-N if succeeded. They say it would make the PMLN)’s quest for partners and alliance building difficult in coming days. On the other hand, they believe that it would not only boost the credibility of PML (Q) and Chaudhrys but also be helpful to the PPP and entire ruling alliance in coming days.

PPP to move Sindh From Page 1 the 6th of December when the assembly would meet again. “We would table again resolution against Kalabagh Dam project on 6th December in Sindh Assembly session because this project is anti-Pakistani as well as anti-Sindh,” said PPP’s Central Deputy Secretary Information and Provincial Minister for Information Sindh Sharjeel Inam Memon on Friday.

ECP Secretary meets political From Page 1 plan. In separate statements, however, the Sindh chapter leadership of Pakistan Muslim League-N and Pakistan Muslim League-F also supported the move that the Supreme Court believes would end “political polarization” in the violence-hit multiethnic city. The secretary ECP, at the office of Provincial Election Commission, told the media that at least 10 political parties had been contacted and asked for submitting their proposals within next one week. “We would hold talks with all stakeholders and then proceed with the plan,” Ahmed said. He said the PPP, ANP and JI had consented to the SCbacked delimitation move. “All the parties consulted would submit their recommendations to the EC in a week’s time,” the secretary said. Meanwhile, the PML-N leader Salim Zia said his party had no confidence in the Provincial Election Commissioner Sono Khan Baloch. Heading a PML-N delegation to a meeting at the Provincial Election Commissioner, Zia, however, reposed confidence in the Chief Election Commissioner and the Secretary ECP. The PML-N provincial leader claimed that no transparency could be expected in the preparation of voter lists or de-

limitation of constituencies by the ECP as long as the office of the Election Commission was based in Karachi. He, however, said his party would submit its recommendations next week after contacting other political stakeholders. Other stakeholders on the opposition side like Jamat-eIslami and Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaaf (PTI) also appeared supportive to the delimitation plan but with certain reservations. JI leader Hussain Mehnati is reported to have claimed that the elections in Karachi had always been carried out at “gunpoint”. The JI leader also complained of other irregularities most prominently among which, he said, was bogus voting. Arif Alvi of PTI said army should be called in to monitor general elections in the city where, he said, almost all areas were sensitive. He suggested the installation of surveillance cameras at all the polling stations during the 2013 election. Imtiaz Sheikh of PML-F said his party was supportive to the SC’s delimitation order but that the registration of votes should be according to the voters’ present addresses. “The delimitation of constituencies, we think, should be carried out across the country which has seen a tremendous increase in population over the years,” Sheikh proposed. Alvi also stressed the need

for the voters’ registration in accordance with their present address. Regarding PML-N’s noconfidence move against the Provincial Election Commissioner, he said if we liked the Chief Election Commissioner we like the Sindh Election Commissioner too. Earlier, leaders of Awami National Party (ANP) Bashir Jan and Ameer Nawab held talks with the ECP Secretary. The ANP leaders ensured full support to the Election Commission on the issue. Talking to media following their meeting, Bashir Jan said that he didn’t know the agenda of the meeting. He said that they received a phone call from the EC office, directing them to meet the secretary. The ANP leader said that his party’s demand to delimit the city’s constituencies has been approved. He said that the recommendation in this regard will be submitted within three days. The Secretary also met a delegation of PPP leaders. The delegation included Taj Haider, Najmi Alam, Lal Bakhsh Bhutto were present in the meeting. A delegation of MQM leaders also met with the Election Com-mission Secretary. Speaking to the media, Raza Haroon from the MQM said the delimitation of constituencies should be on the basis of census.

Shahbaz asks Zardari to return public money From Page 1 Chuhar Chowk at Rawalpindi Cantt, today. Senators Pervaiz Rashid, Begum Najma Hameed, Members National Assembly Malik Ibrar, Muhammad Hanif Abbasi, Begum Tahira Aurangzeb, Dr. Tariq Fazal, Members Provincial Assembly Ch. Ayaz, Malik Iftikhar, Shaheryar Riaz, Ziaullah Shah, Malik Ghulam Raza, Raja Hanif Advocate, Sardar Naseem, office-bearers and workers of PML-N and a large number of people were present on this occasion. Former Vice Chairman of Rawalpindi Cantonment Board Hafiz Hussain Ahmad announced to join Pakistan Muslim League-N on this occasion. Addressing the public meeting, Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif said that Punjab government of PML-N under the leadership of Nawaz Sharif has implemented development projects costing billions of rupees during four and a half years. He said that roads, flyovers, underpasses, buildings of hospitals, schools and colleges have

been constructed. The Chief Minister said that these projects have been completed with round the clock hardwork and honesty during four and a half years and if any person points out corruption of even a single penny in these projects, he will be responsible for it. Shahbaz Sharif asked the people to elect Nawaz Sharif as prime minister in coming general elections and reject the corrupt people, thieves and thugs. He said that corrupt rulers have committed corruption of billions of rupees in fertilizers and corruption has been made in every sector. The chief minister said that PML-N government is completing rapid bus system in Lahore with an amount of Rs.30 billion whereas former rulers had prepared feasibility of this project and estimated its cost at 200 billion rupees for the purpose of corruption. Shahbaz Sharif said that PML-N government with the assistance of Turk brethren is com-

pleting rapid transport system in Lahore within a record period of eleven months whereas Turks had completed such a project in Istanbul in two years. The Chief Minister said that there is no dearth of resources and capable persons and there is only lack of determination. He said that if the rulers had courage, the country would not have been plunged into darkness today. Shahbaz said that if Zardari did not return the trillions of rupees looted by him, the nation knows how to take back this money. He disclosed that a cardiac hospital has been completed at a cost of Rs.3 billion in Rawalpindi which will soon become functional whereas Chandni Chowk Flyover has been completed with an amount of Rs.1.25 billion. Similarly, work on urology hospital and sixth road flyover is continuing speedily and Punjab government has provided billions of rupees for these mega projects, he added.

Nationalists observe From Page 1 and Metroville. Most shops, CNG and petrol stations wereclosed in these areas. Citizens faced problems owing to thin traffic on roads. The lawyers of Malir Court shut down the courts against the local bodies system, posing serious troubles to the litigants. The lawyers said they strongly oppose the dual local bodies system. The PML-F women staged a protest sit-in at the National Highway. The demonstrators said they will not let Sindh to be divided. —Agencies

Inter-corporate debt in energy From Page 1 the space for the entity not to spend more for exploration and production activities of the country. So much so, it has no amount left with itself to clear the dues of provinces in the head of royalties. The report unveils that Attock Refinery Limited (ARL) owes to pay Rs 14.258 billion to OGDCL, National Refinery Limited Rs 4.443 billion, Pakistan Refinery Limited Rs 6.410 billion, PARCO Rs13 billion, ENAR Rs 20 million, Byco Rs5 billion, SNGPL Rs6.2 billion, SSGCL Rs 48 billion, UPL Rs 6 billion, FKPCL Rs Rs 442 million, WAPDA Rs 21 million, KESC Rs 602 million, PSO Rs 19 million and Admore Rs 74 million. However, the payables of OGDCL stand at just Rs 240 million are to be paid to PSO. This means that OGDCL is the only entity which is the most hit organization because of inter-corporate debt. The Pakistan State Oil is also in hot waters as its receivables stand at Rs 100.370 billion out of which WAPDA owes to pay to PSO Rs 30.160 million, HUBCO Rs 51 billion, KAPCO Rs7.7 billion, PIA Rs 58 million, OGDCL Rs 22 million, KESC Rs 9.2 billion, NLC Rs 292 million, IPPs Rs 1.146 billion, and Pakistan Railways Rs 555 million. However, the payables of the PSO have reached Rs 19.445 billion which include Rs 15.3 billion to PARCO, Rs 902 million to PRL, Rs 2.26 billion to ARL, Rs 640 million to Bosicor and Rs 256 million to others. Likewise the receivables of SSGCL (sui southern gas company limited have increased to Rs75 billion, and payables Rs48.33 billion. Similarly the receivables of SNGPL (sui northern gas private company limited) have surged to Rs43.6 billion whereas payables at Rs 21.6 billion. The PARCO’s receivable are negligible which stand at just Rs25.29 million whereas its payables are zero.As far as KESC is concerned, its receivables have amounted to Rs77 billion and its payables stand at Rs67.170 billion.

Pak, China support From Page 1 also attended by Afghanistan, the Foreign Ministry said. The second meeting of Pakistan-Afghanistan-China Trilateral Dialogue agreed that an intra-Afghan inclusive dialogue would ensure durable peace and stability in Afghanistan, a Foreign Ministry statement said. The three sides reviewed the progress since the first trilateral dialogue and believe that the dialogue plays a positive role in enhancing friendly cooperation between the three countries and maintaining peace and stability in the region. The meeting discussed regional situation with special reference to Afghanistan, efforts for peace and reconciliation and trilateral cooperation in various fields. The participants agreed that regular trilateral consultations between the three countries were important in order to further promote peace and stability in the region and to strengthen trilateral friendly exchanges and cooperation. The three countries agreed that an intra-Afghan inclusive dialogue would ensure durable peace and stability in Afghanistan. The meeting welcomed the Afghan High Peace Council’s visit to Islamabad and the joint press statement issued after the visit. It also appreciated the steps taken by Pakistan in response to their request. The three countries agreed that close and consistent cooperation among regional countries is essential to overcome the trends of violence. They reiterated their commitment to cooperate in fight against terrorism, extremism and separatism. —NNI

Pakistan agrees From Page 1 ward… so that all those who can help advance the peace process go free,” Rassoul told reporters after talks with his Pakistani counterpart.An Afghan official had told AFP ahead of the meetings that Rassoul would ask for the release of further Taliban detainees, including Baradar. “We have to ascertain how important he can be. Pakistan believes Baradar may not be enjoying the same clout he used to have before being arrested in Karachi two years ago,” the official said. The Taliban, leading an 11year insurgency since the 2001 US-led invasion, has welcomed the releases, but refuses to negotiate directly with Kabul, calling the government of President Hamid Karzai a US puppet.

UNGA From Page 1 estinians over the vote as long as they do not seek to join the International Criminal Court. If the Palestinians were to join the ICC, they could file complaints with the court accusing Israel of war crimes, crimes against humanity and other serious crimes. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton called the vote “unfortunate and counterproductive,” while the Vatican praised the move and called for an internationally guaranteed special status for Jerusalem, something bound to irritate Israel. The much-anticipated vote came after Abbas denounced Israel from the U.N. podium for its “aggressive policies and the perpetration of war crimes,” remarks that elicited a furious response from the Jewish state. “Sixty-five years ago on this day, the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution 181, which partitioned the land of historic Palestine into two states and became the birth certificate for Israel,” Abbas told the assembly after receiving a standing ovation. “The General Assembly is called upon today to issue a birth certificate of the reality of the State of Palestine,” he said. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu responded quickly, condemning Abbas’ critique of Israel as “hostile and poisonous,” and full of “false propaganda. “These are not the words of a man who wants peace,” Netanyahu said in a statement released by his office. He reiterated Israeli calls for direct talks with the Palestinians, dismissing Thursday’s resolution as “meaningless A number of Western delegations noted that Thursday’s vote should not be interpreted as formal legal recognition of a Palestinian state. Formal recognition of statehood is something that is done bilaterally, not by the United Nations. Granting Palestinians the title of “non-member observer state” falls short of full U.N. membership - something the Palestinians failed to achieve last year. But it does have important legal implications - it would allow them access to the ICC and other international bodies, should they choose to join. The vote highlighted how deeply divided Europe is on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.— Reuters

The joint statement said the two sides also discussed the issue of cross border incursions and shelling and agreed to have an institutionalised mechanism to address this issue. INP adds: Pakistan handed over draft of Strategic Partnership Agreement to Afghanistan to further build up bilateral relations with the neighbouring country.The document was shared by Foreign Minister, Hina Rabbani Khar, during a meeting with her Afghan counterpart Dr Zalmai Rassoul Friday. The Foreign Minister expressed keenness of Pakistan to build strong bilateral relations with Afghanistan on the basis of mutual respect and sovereign equality. She said it is Pakistan’s strong desire to further strengthen

cultural and religious affinities existing between the two neighbouring countries. Sharafat Kazmi adds: Dr Zalmai Rassoul, also called on Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf PM House on Friday and discussed with him matters of important mutual interests. While talking to Dr Zalmai Rassoul, the Prime Minister said that Pakistan believes that a peaceful, prosperous and stable Afghanistan is in Pakistan’s own interest.Referring to the recent visit of Mr. Salahuddin Rabbani, Chairman High Peace Council to Islamabad, the Prime Minister termed it as successful. The Council, he added made important contributions and engaged positively with their Pakistani interlocutors.—Agencies

COURT NOTICE

COURT NOTICE

In the Court of Zafar iqbal Civil Judge Malakwal.

In the Court of Hamid Ali Tulla Civil Judge Malakwal.

Mohammad Yousaf Vs Mohammad Khan etc Suit for Possession . Memo. Parvez Iqbal S/o Mohammad Khan Caste Hanjra R/o Chak No. 33 Khasa Tehsil Malakwal Dist Mandi Bahauddin , Whereas the services of above mentioned respondents is not possible through ordinary means, therefore, he is directed to attend this court personally or through his council on 14-12-12. Otherwise the ex party proceedings shall be taken against him. Given under my hand and seal of the Court. Sd/Civil Judge Malakwal

Mohammad Yaseen Vs Mohammad Sadeeq etc Suit for Declaration . Memo. Mohammad Iqbal , Mohammad Ilyas sons of Sardar Khan caste Gujar R/o Kartar pura Chak No 9 Tehsil Malakwal Dist Mandi Bahauddin , Whereas the services of above mentioned respondents is not possible through ordinary means, therefore, he is directed to attend this court personally or through his council on 15-12-12. Otherwise the ex party proceedings shall be taken against him. Given under my hand and seal of the Court. Sd/Civil Judge Malakwal


Rupee may cross barrier of Rs100 against dollar in 2013 AMANULLAH KHAN

2 killed in blast PESHAWAR—A landmine blast killed two people in the Mohmand tribal region’s Safi tehsil on Friday. A child and a security man were also reported to have been injured in the explosion in the northwestern tribal area. Separately, in Peshawar’s Badaber area, a bomb blast wounded one policeman on Friday. The bomb was planted near a police mobile van which appeared to have been the target of the attack. Rescue workers shifted the injured policeman to a hospital. Soon after the explosion, a bomb disposal squad and a large contingent of security forces reached the site of the attack. Two to three kilograms of explosive material had been planted in a water pipeline on the corner of the road, members from the bomb disposal squad said.—Online

AC to hear references RAWALPINDI—The Accountability Court has adjourned hearing of three references against Mian Nawaz Sharif, Chief Minister Punjab Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif and other members of the Sharif family till December 10. The Accountability Court was told that the High Court has not taken any decision on the references up till now due to which the hearing fell victim to delays. It merits mentioning here that the three references related with Ittefaq Foundries, Raiwind assets, and Hudaibya Paper Mills were filed during the regime of former President of Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf. The Sharif family also tried to move the High Court against these references.— Online

Report presented to PM I S L A M A B A D — Chaudhary Shujaat Hussain, president Pakistan Muslim League (Q), along with Senator Mushahid Hussein Sayed called on Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf at the Prime Minister House on Friday. Senator Mushahid Hussein Syed, who is also the chairman of Senate Standing Committee on Defence, presented its report to the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister appreciated the report and termed the contribution of Senator Syed as “positive and proactive.” —NNI

Twin blasts in Khyber Agency BARA—Three persons were injured and a security forces vehicle damaged in twin blasts in different localities of Khyber Agency on Friday. According to details, in Sheikhwal area of Landikotal, unknown miscreants targeted a vehicle of Khasadar Force. As a result of blast, the vehicle was damaged partially but no human loss was reported. The second blast took place at Pak-Afghan Highway where a planted bomb exploded with big bang. Three passersby were injured in the blast. The injured were rushed to hospital for treatment where according to hospital sources their condition was serious. —INP

2 children injured QUETTA—Two children were injured due to a cracker blast in a garbage dump here on Friday. According to police, two rag-picker children aged between eight to 10 years were busy in sifting through a garbage dump in Quetta’s Shawaksha area when a cracker hidden in the dirt heap suddenly went off. As a result, both children sustained wounds. The injured were rushed to Civil Hospital Quetta where according to medics their condition was stable. —INP

KARACHI—The way Pak Rupee has lost against dollar on the back of depressed exchange rate, it is feared that local currency may cross the physiological barrier of Rs100 a dollar in 2013. Although the rising inflation was attributed to government funding by the IMF which is one of the major reasons behind inflationary pressures, yet the poor exchange rate is quite attributable for pushing up the cost of living as the country has heavily dependent on costly imported fuel costing more due to depressed exchange. It is surprising to note that ISLAMABAD: H.E. Mr Riyadh Yousuf Ahmed Al Raisi, Ambassador of Oman, called on the IMF has recommended for more exchange rate flexibility Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf at PM House. which means more depreciation of rupee against dollar accompanied by erosion of purchasing power of the common man which seems quite unadvisable in the face of prevailing domestic conditions and poor per capi-

75m youth to be jobless in 2012: ILO Report

ISLAMABAD —There will be nearly 75 million unemployed youth in 2012, accounting for 12.7 percent of the global youth labor force aged 15 to 24, an increase of nearly 4 million since 2007, said a report by the International Labor Organization (ILO). The projected unemployment rate remains unchanged from the peak of the crisis in 2009, and is slightly up from last year’s 12.6 percent, according to the Global Employment Trends for Youth 2012 report, Daily News & Analysis website Reported. The crisis-linked withdrawal from the labour market is particularly strong in developed economies, with a 18-percent youth unemployment rate being projected for this year, according to the report.

It said the rate would even be higher if one takes into account the 6.4 million youth worldwide who have either given up searching for a job or have decided to prolong their studies due to the extremely adverse conditions in the labour market. Taking this number into account, the adjusted global youth unemployment rate would be 13.6 percent in 2011. The rate is not expected to come down until at least 2016, the report said. Further pressure on unemployment rates is expected when those extending their stay in the education system because of limited job prospects eventually enter the labour market. “The youth unemployment crisis can be beaten but only if job creation for young people be-

comes a key priority in policymaking and private sector investment picks up significantly,” said executive director of the ILO Employment Sector, Jose Manuel Salazar-Xirinachs. “This includes measures such as offering tax and other incentives to enterprises who hire young people, efforts to reduce the skills mismatch among youth, entrepreneurship programs that integrate skills training, mentoring and access to capital, and the improvement of social protection for the young,”he added. This group has been growing since the onset of the crisis, the report said. In 2010, 15.6 percent of youths in the United States were neither employed nor in education or training.—APP

Mohal from Bahawalnagar quits PML-N, joins PML-Q Bahawalnagar on PML-Q ticket. tacts with other political and reliMUZAFFAR ALI LAHORE—Punjab Assembly’s Pakistan Muslim League (N) gious parties. former Deputy Speaker Mian Manzoor Mohal’s nephew Mian Salman Mohal called on Pakistan Muslim League (PML-Q) senior central leader and Deputy Prime Minister Ch Parvez Elahi at the State Guest House here on Friday and announced to quit NLeague and join PML. He was accompanied by former District Nazim Bahawalpur Tariq Bashir Cheema, former MPA Syed Irfan Gardezi and Chairman Punjab Flour Mills Association Ch Abdul Jabbar. Mian Salman Mohal will contest Provincial Assembly elections from PP-280

MPA Asif Manzoor Mohal has also announced to support him. Speaking on the occasion, Ch Parvez Elahi said that they have very old relationship with politically important Mohal family because our hearts beat in unison with the people of South Punjab. He said they had undertaken massive development works in different fields to remove their sense of deprivation and because of this, people still remember their tenure. Ch Parvez Elahi further said that in the next general elections PML-N would remain isolated and wiped out from the Punjab and PML-Q is establishing con-

On this occasion Mian Salman Mohal said that elders of the Mohal family from Bahawalnagar have unanimously allowed him to contest the elections. He said his father late Muhammad Khan Mohal, Deputy Commissioner retired, and uncle former PA Deputy Speaker Mian Manzoor Mohal always did politics of principles while PML-N sitting MPA, his cousin Mian Asif Manzoor Mohal, advised him to contest next elections on the ticket of PML-Q adding that he has already announced in the constituency that he would not contest elections in future on PML-Q ticket.

US goal is to have enduring presence in Afghanistan: Panetta WASHINGTON—Observing that the fundamental American mission in Afghanistan is to help build a strong government that could secure itself and get rid of al Qaeda, the US Defence Secretary Leon Panetta has said the goal is to have “an enduring presence” in the wartorn country post 2014. “The fundamental mission in Afghanistan is to establish a nation that can secure and govern

itself and ensure that al Qaeda never again finds a safe haven within it from which it could conduct attacks on the United States or any other country,” Panetta told reporters at a joint news conference with the Israeli Defence Minister Ehud Barak. “The goal here is an enduring presence, therefore, that will direct itself towards, you know, three important missions,” he said. One is counterterrorism,

to ensure that the US continues to go after whatever al-Qaeda targets remain in Afghanistan. “Although we clearly have had an impact on their presence in Afghanistan, the fact is that they continue to show up, and intelligence continues to indicate that they are looking for some kind of capability to be able to go into Afghanistan as well,” Panetta said. —Online

Altaf: Remarks by judge totally unconstitutional

tal income in the country. However, more prudent monetary policy, accompanied by substantial fiscal adjustment to ease the government’s funding requirement which responsible for driving inflation in the country certainly need corrective measures. Despite the fact that IMF’s focus remains on a combined recipe of short run and medium term reforms to kick-start the engine of growth, IMF is required to be abreast with the domestic conditions before advising for more prudent monetary policy and greater flexibility in current exchange rate regime. It would not be out of place to mention that the declining Foreign Exchange reserves position must be a source of concern for the policy makers however the fact remains that borrowings from International Donor Agencies or from IMF was not the only solution, as the do-

nor agency has rightly pointed out for broadening of the tax base although it have avoided to mention the potentially rich agriculture income yet it is quite discernible in between the lines that without brining the agriculture income under tax the perception of broadening the tax net will remain a distant dream. Interestingly, IMF showed its nascent concern regarding the tax amnesty scheme being considered by the government and called for a more sustainable strengthening of tax base in the form of reformed GST and income tax. However, IMF’s focus remains largely on energy sector reforms, including removal of price distortions and subsidies, restructuring and privatizing loss making public sector enterprises, improving the investment climate, further trade liberalization and further developing capital markets.

Lunar eclipse photos show Earth’s shadow on Moon

NEW YORK—When the moon was a welcome sight on a chilly KARACHI—The founder and toe-dipped through part of night of 55 degrees Fahrenheit leader of Muttahida Quami Movement (MQM) Mr Altaf Hussain has said that the remarks made by a certain judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan during the hearing of Karachi Lawlessness case, and reported in a print and electronic media to the effect that delimitation of constituencies should be done in Karachi in such a manner that there was no monopoly of a single party, were totally unconstitutional, undemocratic and prejudicial. These remarks betray open enmity against Karachi. He said that the full bench hearing the Karachi Lawlessness Case, headed by the Chief Justice of Pakistan, had said that the delimitation of constituencies should be done according to law, but the remarks made by a judge of the Supreme Court are in contravention of section 9 of the Delimitation of Constituencies Act 1974. The law does not mention any kind of “monopoly” and further the delimitation of constituencies without a fresh census would be against the spirit of law and the constitution.

Israeli govt OKs construction of 3,000 new West Bank units JERUSALEM - An Israeli official says Israel has approved the construction of 3,000 new housing units in West Bank settlements. Friday’s announcement comes a day after the United Nations recognized “Palestine” as a nonmember observer state. The Palestinians say UN recognition of a Palestinian state in the West Bank, Gaza and east Jerusalem will help resume moribund Middle East peace talks. Peace negotiations have been frozen for the past four years as the Palestinians have refused to negotiate while Israeli settlement construction continued. Israel fiercely denounced the UN bid. It says peace can only come from direct negotiations and not unilateral moves. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the decision.—Agencies

Earth’s shadow this week, the minor lunar eclipse was captured on camera by die-hard stargazers. The lunar eclipse Wednesday (Nov. 28) occurred when the moon passed through the outer region, or penumbra, of Earth’s shadow. The so-called penumbral lunar eclipse was not as dazzling as a total lunar eclipse, which can turn the moon a deep blood-red hue, but even the slight dimming effect of Earth’s shadow on the moon was a sight to behold for some skywatchers. Photographer David Matthews watched the lunar eclipse from Cagraray Island in the Philippines, where he used a Canon PowerShot SX10s digital camera and an 8-inch reflector telescope to capture the stain-like shadow on the bright moon. “Wish you could have seen it!” Matthews told SPACE.com in an email. Wednesday’s penumbral lunar eclipse coincided with the full moon of November. The entire event was visible primarily from East Asia, Australia, Alaska and Hawaii, though portions were visible from western U.S. and Canada. Stargazer Kalani Pokipala watched the eclipse from Hawaii, where it

(12.7 Celsius). “Yes that’s pretty cold for us down here in paradise. We’re behind the rest of the world, but never without beautiful weather,” Pokipala said, adding that the weather only added to the lunar spectacle. “Hope others enjoyed the winter ’s evening as much as we did Lunar eclipses occur when the moon passes on the opposite side of Earth from the sun and crosses through the shadow of Earth. Because the moon’s orbit is slightly tilted, the alignments do not occur every month. The next lunar eclipse will be on April 25, 2013, when the moon will pass through a more substantial part of Earth’s shadow in a partial eclipse. Two more penumbral lunar eclipses will occur in 2013, first on May 25 and then again on Oct. 18. There will not be a total lunar eclipse until April 15, 2014. There will also be two solar eclipses when the moon passes between Earth and the sun, blocking the sun’s disk in 2013. An annular, or “ring of fire,” solar eclipse will occur on May 10, with a so-called hybrid solar eclipse occurring Nov. 3.—Agencies

2nd German region allows Muslim holidays B E R L I N —The region of Bremen in northern Germany on Friday said it would be the second of the country’s 16 states to recognize Muslim holidays. “I am delighted because Islam and Muslims are part of our city and part of our life,” said the mayor of the city state, Jens Boehrnsen, after signing the deal with representatives of the local Muslim community. The agreement signed reflects “mutual recognition and respect of mutual values,” added the mayor. The deal will allow members of the community to take days off work for Muslim cel-

ebrations, although they will not receive paid holiday. It needs to be ratified in the Bremen state parliament, as well as by city authorities. Two weeks ago, the city state of Hamburg signed a similar agreement. Under that accord, Muslims in Hamburg will have the right to three religious holidays but will have to take them as part of their overall holiday entitlement as is the case for some regionally observed Christian holidays. Until that point, it was up to employers to decide whether to grant Muslim staff religious days off. —AFP

Former Indian PM Gujral dies at 92 NEW DELHI—Former Indian prime minister Inder Kumar

Gujral, who engineered a thaw in the icy relationship with Pakistan during his time in government, died Friday aged 92, the government announced. “I am deeply grieved to inform the house about the demise of Inder Kumar Gujral, the former prime minister of India. He passed away at 3:31 pm,” Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde told the lower house of parliament.Gujral, who served as prime minister in a coalition government from April 1997 to March 1998, was admitted to Gurgaon’s Medanta Medicity hospital 11 days ago with a lung infection.—AP

Dadu debris was part of Hatf-V missile: ISPR OBSERVER REPORT KARACHI—The mysterious metallic objects, which fell from the sky baffling villagers in Dadu late Wednesday night, were parts of Hatf-V Ghauri missile, a spokesman for the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) said on Friday. “The metal parts found in a remote area of Dadu, as reported in media on Friday, were part of the motor body, which separated from the missile as planned, well within the safety corridor,” said a statement. “It was ensured that at no point, would human life or property be at risk. There is no cause for alarm or concern,” the spokesman concluded. Pakistan conducted a test of the mid-range nuclear capable ballistic missile on Wednesday. The liquid-fuelled missile, capable of carrying both conventional as well as nuclear payload, has a range of 1300 kilometres.

Waheeda Shah case

SC stays polls in PS-53 for hearing appeal STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Admitting Waheeda Shah’s appeal for hearing, the Supreme Court on Friday directed the authorities to stop the by-election in the provincial assembly constituency of PS-53 Tando Mohammad Khan. A three-judge bench of the apex court, headed by Justice Nasirul Mulk, admitted Shah’s appeal for hearing. After the arguments by Shah’s counsel, Hashmat Habib, the bench issued a restraining order for the PS-53 by-election which had been scheduled for Dec 4. Shah had filed the appeal against the rulings of the Sindh High Court and the Election Commission of Pakistan.

US deadlines March as Iran nukes talks finalization VIENNA—The United States set a March deadline on Thursday for Iran to start cooperating in substance with a U.N. nuclear agency investigation, warning Tehran the issue may otherwise be referred to the U.N. Security Council. The comments by U.S. diplomat Robert Wood to the board of the International Atomic Energy Agency signaled Washington’s growing frustration at a lack of progress in the IAEA’s inquiry into possible military dimensions to Tehran’s nuclear program. Iran - which was first reported to the U.N. Security

Council over its nuclear program by the IAEA’s 35-nation board in 2006 and then was hit by U.N. sanctions - rejects suspicions it is on a covert quest for atomic bomb capability. But its refusal to curb nuclear work with both civilian and military applications, and its lack of openness with the IAEA, have drawn tough Western punitive measures and a threat of pre-emptive military strikes by Israel. A year ago, the IAEA published a report with a trove of intelligence indicating past, and some possibly continuing, research in Iran that could be relevant for nuclear weapons. The IAEA has since tried to gain access to Iranian sites,

officials and documents it says it needs for the inquiry, but so far without any concrete results in a series of meetings with Iran since January. The two sides will meet again in December. In his statement, Wood requested IAEA Director-General Yukiya Amano to say in his next quarterly report on Iran, likely due in late February, whether Tehran has taken “any substantive steps” to address the agency’s concerns. “If by March Iran has not begun substantive cooperation with the IAEA, the United States will work with other board members to pursue appropriate board action, and would urge the board to con-

sider reporting this lack of progress to the U.N. Security Council,” Wood said, according to a copy of his statement. “Iran cannot be allowed to indefinitely ignore its obligations ... Iran must act now, in substance,” Wood said. Amano earlier told the board that there had been no progress in his agency’s yearlong push to clarify concerns about suspected atom bomb research in Iran, but said he would continue his efforts. A simple majority in the IAEA board would be required to refer an issue to the U.N. Security Council, which has imposed four sanctions resolutions on Iran since 2006. It is unclear whether Rus-

sia and China - which have criticized unilateral Western sanctions on Iran - would back any U.S. initiative to report Iran again to the Security Council. Wood later told reporters he hoped the December talks between the IAEA and Iran would be fruitful. But, he added, “I have my doubts about the sincerity of Iran.” The 27-nation European Union told the board that Iran’s “procrastination” was unacceptable. “Iran must act now, in a substantive way, to address the serious and continuing international concerns on its nuclear program,” it said. Iran’s ambassador to the

IAEA, Ali Asghar Soltanieh, criticised what he called “political noise” and “pressure” from the United States and the EU. Diplomacy between Iran and the powers - the United States, China, Russia, France, Germany, and Britain - has been deadlocked since a June meeting that ended without success. Both sides now say they want to resume talks soon, after the re-election of U.S. President Barack Obama, and diplomats expect a new meeting in Istanbul in December or January. Iran is ready for a “facesaving” negotiated solution to the nuclear dispute, but the

West must accept the reality that Tehran would never suspend uranium enrichment, Soltanieh said. Refined uranium can be used to fuel nuclear energy plants, Iran’s stated aim, and also provide bomb material if processed further, which the West suspects is Iran’s ultimate aim. The West wants Iran to suspend enrichment, but Iran is showing no sign of backing down. Reuters. Iran “has provocatively snubbed the international community by expanding its enrichment capacity in defiance of multiple United Nations Security Council resolutions,” Wood said.—AP


Drug, alcohol abuse tied to early-life strokes

Y

OUNGER adults who suffered a stroke were often smokers or had abused drugs or alcohol, according to a U.S. study that looked at over 1,000 patients. Strokes are often thought of as a condition of the elderly, but researchers said long-term changes in the heart, arteries or and blood as a result of drug abuse or heavy drinking may put users at higher-than-average risk earlier in life. “Substance abuse is common in young adults experiencing a stroke,” wrote lead researcher Brett Kissela from the University of Cincinnati in the journal Stroke. “Patients aged younger than 55 years who experience a stroke should be routinely screened and counseled regarding substance abuse.” It’s also possible that some drugs, particularly cocaine and methamphetamines, may trigger a stroke more immediately, according to S. Andrew Josephson, a neurologist from the University of California, San Francisco, who has studied drug use and stroke but was not involved in the study. “We know that even with vascular risk factors that are prevalent - smoking, high blood pressure... most people still don’t have a stroke until they’re older,” he added. ���When a young person has a stroke,

it is probably much more likely that the cause of their stroke is something other than traditional risk factors.” According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, close to 800,000 people in the United States have a stroke every year, and they are the most common cause of serious long-term disability. One study of 2007 data found that almost five percent of people who had a stroke that year were between ages 18 and 44. The current study involved people from Greater Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky who’d had a stroke before they hit 55. The researchers reviewed medical charts for blood or urine test results of other records of substance abuse for close to 1,200 stroke patients. In 2005, the most recent year covered, just over half of young adults who suffered a stroke were smokers at the time, and one in five used illicit drugs, including marijuana and cocaine. Thirteen percent of people had used drugs or alcohol within 24 hours of their stoke. “The rate of substance abuse, particularly illicit drug abuse, is almost certainly an underestimate because toxicology screens were not obtained on all patients,” said Steven Kittner, a professor of neurology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore who also wasn’t part of the research.

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf presenting certificate to a graduate on the occasion of 12th Convocation of Fatima Jinnah Women University at Convention Center.

Youth leaders trained to be peace builders STAFF REPORTER

ISLAMABAD: Rodolfo J Martin Saravia, the Argentine Ambassador hosted an official dinner at his residence in honour of the Parliamentary Friendship Group. Ambassador Aslam Rizvi, Dr Shireen Mazari, Sheikh Waqqas Akram, Federal Minister for Education & Training, Rodolfo J Martin-Saravia, Rubina Saadat Qaim Khani and Muhammad Usman MNA during the dinner.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir

Pak, Argentine parliamentary contacts I SLAMABAD —Rodolfo

J. Martin-Saravia, the Argentine Ambassador has said bilateral relations can be improved and cemented through enhanced level of parliamentary interactions. He said this while speaking on the eve a reception hosted for members of Pakistan parliament, at his residence.Shaikh Waqas Akram, Federal Education Minister was the guest of

honor on the occasion. He said, on his part, he will try his best to get more and more members of parliament to Pakistan. During the interaction several topics of conversation were discussed. The Argentine Ambassador expressed that he wished an ever-growing prosperity to Pakistan and looking forward to strengthen our relationship by working together to foster stability in

the region and around the world. The main subject of discussion was the issue of the Malvinas Islands (known as Falkland Islands in the English-speaking world), a territory of Argentina that is still occupied by British military. The Ambassador had invited several reputed political analysts and distinguished diplomats that are well versant in the subject.—Online

ISLAMABAD—Young people, as part of dynamic group in society, play a vital role in positively transforming conflict situations and in building the foundations of peaceful societies. This idea was explored at a workshop here in Islamabad where youngsters from 25 conflictprone districts of Pakistan were trained on mediating disputes and facilitating dialogues. The 4-day advanced training workshop titled ‘Young Leaders for Peace’ was aimed at bringing communities together to address root causes of the conflicts within the society. The workshop, jointly organized by Search for Common Ground (SFCG) Pakistan and Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), concluded here on Friday. The training that explored the role of youth as peace-builders, exemplifying their power and potential to affect society, was part of the series of workshops on “Promotion of dialogue on Peace Building through Media and Youth Mobilization”. Senator Mushahid Hussain Syed, addressing the seminar, expressed that inclusion of youth in decision making within the state structure is vital. He advised the young leaders to organize themselves to initiate process of peace building in their regions.

PM pledges quality female education SHARAFAT KAZMI ISLAMABAD—Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf has pledged to provide full support to women in getting quality education to ensure their effective role in the national development. Addressing convocation of Fatima Jinnah Women University in Islamabad on Friday‚ he said the government will go extra mile for a brighter future of daughters of the nation. The prime minister said the world has shrunk today due to rapid advancements in

Flowers show at Rose & Jasmine Garden CITY REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The chrysanthemum & autumn flowers show – 2012 opened at Rose & Jasmine Garden here on Friday. The Capital Development Authority (CDA) in collaboration with Islamabad Horticulture Society organized the three day event. More than 100 varieties of flowers have been exhibited in the exhibition. Chairman CDA, Syed Tahir Shahbaz inaugurated the event. Member Environment, Dr. Kazim Niaz, representatives of different public and private sectors were also present in the colorful event. Speaking on the occasion, Chairman CDA, said that flowers are the integral part of our life and every effort would be made to promote the culture of flowers in the city. The residents would be involved in the

competitions and efforts for the promotion of environment and floriculture of the capital city. The Chairman CDA said that this year we have expanded this show by adding

different varieties of flowers being exhibited in the chrysanthemum & autumn flowers show and he assured to expand it further in the coming years by including other varieties of flowers in this

annual event, adding that the purpose is to encourage the public participation in these exhibitions. On this occasion Chairman was apprised that the show would continue for

three days and prizes would be distributed among the winners of flowers exhibition. More then 20 government, semi-government, NGOs and private organizations and individuals are participating in the 30th flowers show. Chairman CDA Syed Tahir Shahbaz visited different flower decorated stalls. The organizations participating in this show are Capital Development Authority, Khan Research Laboratories (KRL), Pak PWD, Islamabad Club, Allama Iqbal Open University, CMH, PAF, Islamabad Club, Pakistan Air Force Hospital, National Highway Authority and Pakistan Motorway & Traffic Police and others. Dr.AQ Javed Iqbal, president of Islamabad Horticulture Society briefed Chairman CDA, about the efforts IHS for ISLAMABAD: Chairman CDA Syed Tahir Shahbaz keenly watching the Chrysanthe- promoting floriculture in mum flowers exhibition at Rose and Jasmine Garden. Islamabad.

information technology. It is time for the Pakistani students to avail this opportunity. He said the nation is proud of Malala Yousufzai‚ who spread knowledge and education. Appreciating the research papers produced by students‚ Prime Minister Pervez Ashraf said research is vital for the students to achieve competitive edge. He said the focus should be on agriculture‚ science and technology‚ engineering‚ medicine to achieve rapid

progress and development in vital fields. Highlighting women’s role in national development‚ the prime minister said nation cannot progress unless its women are educated and work side by side the men. Paying homage to Shaheed Benazir Bhutto and Begum Nusrat Bhutto‚ he said they worked selflessly for the rights of the women and to give them attain their true status in the society. Governor of Punjab Latif Khosa in his address urged the students to work selflessly for the progress and

prosperity of the country. He assured that the Punjab government would help the Higher Education Commission for further growth of universities. Vice Chancellor of the University Dr Samina Amin Qadir said the university’s faculty members have published sixty-nine papers in international and national journals while currently eight research projects are in progress. Later‚ Prime Minister Ashraf awarded degrees and gold medals to the outstanding students.


Strengthening of civilian supremacy, sustainable democracy STAFF REPORTER

Zohr

06:10 01:30 03:45 07:00

December 4 HAMDARD Thinker ’s Forum is to hold a discussion on ‘Expension of cities: Economic and Social Problems’ at Hamdard Markaz Murree Road.

I S L A M A B A D —PILDAT’s Dialogue Group on CivilMilitary Relations met Friday. The Group discussed the Supreme Court judgement on the Asghar Khan Case and largely termed it as largely positive. However, the Group pointed out that the involvement of the Presidency and the ISI in the political process neither began nor ended in

SANA JAMAL

THE Josh Adabi Foundation will organize ‘Josh Literary Conference’ on December 5 in collaboration with Pakistan Academy of Letters (PAL) to mark 116th birth anniversary of great revolutionary poet Josh Malihabadi. The conference will be held at Pakistan Academy of Letters (PAL). Federal Minister for Overseas Pakistanis, Dr Farooq Sattar will be the chief guest.

ISLAMABAD—A strange dis-

JOSH LITERACY CONFERENCE in connection with 116 th birth anniversary of great revolutionary poet Josh Malih Abadi, organised by the Josh Adabi Foundation, at Pakistan Academy of Letters, Pitras Bokhari Road, Sector H-8/1, Islamabad, 3 pm.

a holistic perspective covering the major sectors of civilian and military relationship especially governance and political management and legal and socio-economic sectors of society. Pakistan needs institutional balance where all State institutions work within the limits defined by the Constitution and Law and demonstrate respect for each other’s domain. Partisan agenda-oriented criticism of the State

Shoe memorial and vigil in memory of missing women

December 5

*****

1990. The judgement underlines the need to strengthen civilian supremacy and sustainable democracy in Pakistan. There was a broad consensus in the Group that there has been considerable improvement in civil-military relations over the past 5 years. However, there is still a need to work in this area for improving the quality of relationship through a graduated approach. It is imperative to apply

play held on a crisp Friday left many passersby amazed. From a distance, it looked as if the fallen leaves have decorated the ground or perhaps it was some artistic creation, some guessed. A closer look, however, revealed that it was a collection of ladies shoes dotted on the ground in F-9 Park where a small group of activists were witnessed putting fresh roses over each pair of shoes. “Each pair represents one woman who lost her life due to violence,” explained Ms. Hajera Pasha, coordinator of the symbolic Shoe Memorial Ceremony. “We have collected these (used) shoes to honour the missing and murdered women in South Asia and specifically in Pakistan”, an issue which remains undervalued “Now looking at this huge stack we are able to comprehend that how many lives have not been

valued” said Hajera, pointing at the shoes. These shoes would later be donated to women in need through proper charitable organizations, she informed. The Shoe Memorial Ceremony and Vigil, held in the remembrance of 50 Million Missing Women of South Asia, was part of the ‘We Can’ End All Violence against Women, a global campaign. The ceremony, attended by students and civil society groups, also initiates the series of events across 32 districts of Punjab, KPK, Sindh and Balochistan, marking the Global Movement of 16 Days of Activism for elimination of Violence Against Women. The events include rallies, walks, mobile vans and press conferences. A minute of silence was observed to pay homage to the 50 Million Missing Women of South Asia and their remembrance was attributed by candle vigil. “Core change in the incidents of

violence could only be achieved through changing the mindsets regarding violence. Public denouncement of violence and commitment of not committing violence is our tool to achieve this change in mindset” added Hajera. She emphasized on need for greater ownership of the campaign by the political parties so that they play active role for legislation to eliminate violence against women from the Pakistan. ‘We Can’ End All Violence Against Women campaign, present in 14 countries around the world, focuses strongly on non-acceptance of violence in all its manifestations aiming at engaging public opinion on the issue of violence by building mass awareness. It functions through its implementing partners across 36 districts and has over 440,000 Change Makers (persons who pledge not to commit any violence against women) across the country.

Sale of unethical books in twin cities I S L A M A B A D —At a stage where advancement in technology has attracted youth towards book reading, the booksellers, however are cashing in this phenomenon by selling unethical, obscene and immoral literature. During visits of different places in twin cities it has been told that the students are more interested in unethical books rather than knowledgeable books and they like to read vulgar literature, not only students but people from different professions read such kind of immoral books. Besides, the authority did not take any action against such kinds of bookseller. These kinds of books are usually sold at bus stops in twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.—Online

Amendment in plan of dumping point RAWALPINDI—Director General Military Land and Cantonment, Major General Tahir Masood has directed Rawalpindi Cantonment Board (RCB) to make necessary amendments to improve the exiting plan of housing scheme on dumping point, measuring 598 kanals. Tahir Masood said that adequate management of the properties would strengthen and make cantonment boards financially stable. Sources said that RCB Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Rana Manzoor Ahmad Khan briefed DG ML&C Major General, Tahir Masood about the housing scheme the other day. Preliminary, development work has been started on the project and roads were being constructed at cost of Rs50 million, the CEP said and added, the housing scheme comprised 497 residential plots and some other commercial plots. Rana Manzoor informed the meeting that uplift work of the housing scheme would be completed at Rs310 million, while auctioning of plots is expected to earn Rs850 million for RCB.—INP

perintendents (MS) of the three allied hospitals of Rawalpindi have been directed to ensure cleanliness of their respective hospitals and eliminate rats within three days. According to sources, incharge of the allied hospitals of Rawalpindi and acting principal Rawalpindi Medical College, Dr Afzal Farooqi called a meeting with the medical superintendents in this regard. He said that the chief minister Punjab had also directed to maintain sanitation of the hospitals. Dr Afzal said that the medical superintendents could make changes needed for the special sanitation arrangements in the hospitals. He said that he would hold meetings with the medical superintendents for the three days to keep informed about the sanitation arrangements and negligence in this regard would not be tolerated.—INP

gration deployed at Benazir international Airport has offloaded and arrested a passenger on Friday over bogus passport.According to sources, a man Syed Ali Haider hailing from Sargodha carrying a fake passport of Bulgaria was to proceedto Paris via PIA flight No 749. During checking by immigration the authorities found his passport to be fake and he was arrested. Later on, the FIA immigration cell shifted him to undisclosed place for further interISLAMABAD: Women placing flowers on footwears during symbolic shoes memorial rogation.—Online ceremony in remembrance of 50 million missing women of South Asia organzied by We Can at F-9 Park.

Reconstruction of collapsed bridge demanded

Minister, Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Abdul Qadir Baloch, MNA, (NA 271 Kharan-cumPanjgur, PML N), former Governor Balochistan, Lt. Gen (Retd.) Humayun Bangash, Former Ambassador, Air Vice Marshal (Retd.) Shahzad Chaudhry, Former Ambassador, Mr. Javed Jabbar, Former Federal Minister, Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Talat Masood, Former Secretary Defence, Vice Admiral (Retd) Khalid Mir, Former Ambassador, Mr.

Rustam Shah Mohmand, Former Chief Secretary, Mr. Tasneem Noorani, Former Federal Secretary, Mr. Ashraf Jahangir Qazi, Former Ambassador, Dr. Hasan-Askari Rizvi, Defence and Political Analyst, Mr. Mujib-ur-Rehman Shami, Editor in Chief Daily Pakistan, Mr. S. M. Zafar, Former Federal Minister, Mr. Ahmed Bilal Mehboob, Executive Director PILDAT and Ms. Aasiya Riaz, Joint Director PILDAT.

R AWALPINDI —Medical Su-

RAWALPINDI—The FIA Immi-

400 posts vacant in Sanitation Dept

underscored the urgency with which Parliament needs to debate and adopt a comprehensive legal framework to address grave threats of terrorism that have emerged in the past 5 years. With Lt. Gen. (Retd) Moinuddin Haider, Former Governor Sindh, in the chair, members of the Group who joined the meeting included Dr. Imran Ali Professor of Economic History & Business Policy, KSBL, Mr. Sartaj Aziz, Former Federal

Three days deadline to eliminate rats

FIA arrests passenger from airport

Continuing MINIATURE paintings exhibition titled ‘The King must die’ by Asif Ahmed, at Tanzara Gallery, House No 14, Street 12, Sector F7/2, Islamabad, continuing up to December 8 11:30 am to 6:30 pm.

institutions and sectors, be it the Parliament, the Judiciary, the Executive, and its branch, the Armed Forces, should be avoided. Responsibility of individuals for certain wrong actions should not be adduced to the entire institution. While recognising the military’s role in combating terrorism, it was observed that the political leadership should articulate a credible and comprehensive counternarrative. The Group also

ISLAMABAD: Artists performing during a performance ‘A Journey Towards Change’ organized by Change in Education and Turkish Embassy. —PO photo

Students’ delegation calls on chairman IPO CITY REPORTER I SLAMABAD —Chairman Intellectual Property Organization (IPO) and MNA Mr. Hameed Ullah Jan Afridi has said IP Focal Persons are being nominated in different educational institutions of the country to expedite the process of coordination and public awareness about IP Rights. Chairman IPO said this while talking to a delegation of University Students at IPO headquarters Islamabad. The Chairman said that various educational and research programs would be launched with close coordination of students from different Universities of Pakistan. The Chairman has said that young generation is very talented and their research work should be given legal protection through IP regis-

tration so that public and private sector organizations may get benefit from them. He was of the view that public awareness activities are required to promote the patents and inventions of innovators. Afridi also said that IPR issues are being given due importance at international level and IPO Pakistan is also playing pivotal role to resolve similar issues in Pakistan. There is a lot of scope to encourage all segments of the society to consider IP as prime area and various projects are being started with public private partnership, he said. The Chairman, while highlighting various functions of the Organization, informed about ongoing interactive sessions for capacity building of the stakeholders. The delegation of students lauded the role of IPO.

E&T Dept collects tax in Cantt areas R AWALPINDI —Professional tax from business community in Rawalpindi and Chaklala Cantonment Board areas has been collected by Cantt authorities and Excise and Taxation Department officials simultaneously. Sources said that officials of Cantt board and E&T Department visited one after another to recover professional tax. RCB vice president and Member Cantt Board, Raja Saqib Ashraf said that both E&T Department Punjab and Cantt Board send notices for the tax as both the bodies are claimer of the tax receipt. “Professional tax should be collected by authority having legal right,” he added. However, RCB chief executive officer Rana Manzoor Ahmad Khan said that professional tax was local levy, thus provincial government or its bodies have no right to collect professional tax, adding that business community of Cantt areas should only pay it to Cantonment Board.—INP

Security of LHC Pindi Bench enhanced

R AWALPINDI —Security of ISLAMABAD—Non-construc- dents to move to their school the Lahore High Court (LHC),

tion of broken bridge over through the shortest pos- Rawalpindi bench has been enhanced on receiving bage in the federal capital go 10/2 has posed security risk Over 400 students are threats of terror acts. unattended, as there is a to the residents of the area. now in perpetual state of According to sources, shortage of sanitary workers This bridge was col- agony due to non-construc- extra security officials have in Sanitation Directorate of lapsed two years before and tion of the bridge as they been deployed on the roofCapital Development Au- since then its debris do come have to hire taxis, which swell top of the LHC building and thority (CDA). into sight making mockery of their spending under fare the number of security offiSources said around 400 the demand of the inmates of head besides interrupting cials guarding the building posts are lieing vacant in the area seeking its early their attendance schedule, as has also been increased. the Sanitation Directorate, construction. they have to take a longer It is pertinent to mention as the contractor, who was A seasonal nullah divides course to reach their educa- here that police and bomb disgiven the task to manage this locality while on one tional institutions. posal squad were called on recleanliness in the city has side government residences “We are government em- ceiving threats of blowing up not hired the workers up to are located and on the other ployees and our offices are the LHC building the other day. the needs in order to save side Islamabad Model School functioning on the other side The security officials searched funds. for girls is operating. This di- of this nullah. We are daily at all the offices, courtrooms and As a result, G Sector, Sec- vision was earlier narrowed the risk of facing any unto- other areas of the building and tor F-11, H-10, I-10, and the down due to construction of ward incident while passing later cleared it.—INP small and big business cen- bridge over this drain. The the broken bridge”, said a tres of Islamabad have turned bridge went down the nullah group of government eminto dump. with a big bang after having ployees. The residents deThe citizens have re- outlived its life two years manded early construction of corded relevant concerns back. This was the only mean bridge otherwise they will be and have invited attention of which had provided space to forced to hold protest ralCDA towards this grave is- the residents particularly stu- lies.—Online R AWALPIDNDI —Some unsue.—Online known elements have started hindering the computerization of the land revenue record of all the districts of Punjab, including Rawalpindi district through different tactics. According to reliable sources, land revenue record of many zones of almost every tehsils of the province could not be found, which may delay the computerization of the record. Land record of 22 to 25 zones of Rawalpindi tehsil was not found initially but 95 percent of the record has now been recovered after a lot of struggle. A meeting of the Land Revenue Record higher officials was told the other day that land record of two zones out of 20ISLAMABAD: Head of Department OBS/Gynae, Rawalpindi Medical College Prof Dr 25 zones of Rawalpindi was still Rizwana Chaudhry, Dr Sardar Mehmood and Dr Zaeemul Haq sitting at stage during a missing and the department seminar on ‘Saving Mothers’ Life’ organized by White Ribbon Alliance at a local ho- officials were looking for that too.—INP tel.—PO photo by Sultan Bashir

ISLAMABAD—Heaps of gar- seasonal nullah in sector G- sible way.

Missing land revenue record

ISLAMABAD: Federal Minister for Information and Broadcasting Qamar Zaman Kaira and Federal Minister for Capital Administration and Development Nazar Muhammad Gondal cutting cake to celebrate PPP’s 45th Foundation Day.

Senior Management Course Officers’ visit NUML CITY REPORTER ISLAMABAD—A group of 30Senior Management Officers of the first batch of Senior Management Course from Kashmir Institute of Management, (KIM) Azad Jummu and Kashmir, visited National University of Modern Languages, (NUML), Islamabad, Friday. The delegation was headed by Brig (R) Zubair Ahmed Chaudhary, the Director General (DG) KIM, and was accompanied by officials, faculty members and instructors of the institute including Ahmed Nadeem Khan, Chief Instructor, DIG (R) Haneef Orakzai, Directing Staff, Mrs Nazia Kiyani, Additional Directing Staff, Dr Shehla Waqar, visit Coordinator and other Senior Management Officers of

grade 19 and 20 of different government departments of Kashmir. Upon their arrival at NUML, the delegation was received by DG NUML Brig Azam Jamal and Registrar Brig (R) Saeed Akhtar Malik and members of delegation called on Rector NUML Maj Gen (R) Masood Hasan. DG Brig Azam Jamal briefed the members of delegation in detail about the University, its academic performance, collaboration with foreign universities, facilities, achievements and future endeavours of the University. He told the delegation that “NUML administration and faculty members are fully committed to serve the cause of higher education and research”. In the end of the brief-

ing different members of delegation asked different questions and showed their keen interest in knowing more and more about the functions, disciplines offered, research magazines, and teaching and learning of different languages in the University. Moreover, members of the delegation also visited the different departments of the university including Video Conference Room, Server Room, Library, Satellite Room, Confucius Institute, Media Laboratory, FM Radio Station, Sports Gymnasium where the head of respective departments along with Registrar briefed them. The visiting guests appreciated the provision of facilities and technologies to the students for the pursuit of their studies.


India has two faces, one for world, other for Kashmiris: Shah SRINAGAR—Democratic Freedom Party (DFP) Chairman, Shabir Ahmad Shah in a meeting organized at party’s Srinagar office accused India of having double standards. “India has two faces, one which it presents before the world body and the other which it shows to Kashmiris,” Shah said in a statement issued to Global News Service. The party chairman said India honoured the democratic leader of Myanmar, Aung San Su Kyi with Nehru award for struggling against the army rule of Burma but the Kashmiris who are struggling against the army occupation of India are either shown gallows or sentenced to life imprisonment. “Kashmiris are aware of such dubious policies of India. Until India gives right to self determination to Kashmiris its people will not have a sound sleep,” Shah said. The chairman while hailing contribution of Pakistan towards Kashmiris’ freedom struggle said that Pakistan has always supported their cause. “Be it the ruling or opposition every Pakistani political party including Pakistani people have supported us from the day India occupied Kashmir in 1947,” the chairman said adding “we are keeping a close watch over the political activities of both the countries and will welcome every step taken in the interest of Kashmiris”. Shah said that Kashmiris will not accept the talks between two countries until India shows its seriousness towards resolving the issue.—NNI

Guru hanging can trigger fresh violence in JK SRINAGAR —Kashmir-based youth activists have demanded withdrawal of death penalty to Parliament attack convict Afzal Guru to prevent disruption of peace in Jammu and Kashmir. The activists mostly belonging to a Non-Governmental Organization ‘Global Youth Forum’ (GYF) urged President of India to reinvestigate the 2001 Parliament attack case. The Forum has organized a candle light vigil at the Press Enclave here to “highlight the pain and anguish a convict and his family undergo.” “Death penalty is not a deterrent to crime; on the contrary it has bred violence. People facing the death penalty should be given a chance to live and reform,” the activists said. They urged the President to order re-investigation of the case on humanitarian grounds to prevent eruption of fresh violence in the state. “It is important that fresh investigation be carried out in the Parliament attack case,” said Sofi Arfat, an activists. An activist from Baramulla, Rabia Mir, said justice could be a best confidence-building measure. “The people in Kashmir wish to move towards peace which can be best achieved through justice. And it is important to remove the suspicion and mistrust from the minds of people,” she said. According to activists, Guru’s execution can trigger violence in the state. “For long-term peace and stability to prevail in Kashmir, we believe the death sentences should be abolished immediately,” they said. Chairman GYF, Touseef Raina said that the use of ‘mercenaries’ for counter-insurgency operations must be stopped immediately.—NNI

India dividing Kashmiris on sectarian lines: Geelani S RINAGAR —The veteran Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Geelani has emphasised that the Indian agencies were hatching conspiracies, one after the other, to divide the Kashmiris on sectarian lines. The veteran leader in a media interview in Srinagar said that antifreedom elements were fomenting communal clashes in the occupied territory to strengthen India’s illegal occupation.The Chairman of Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front, Muhammad Yasin Malik in a statement, senior APHC leader, Shabbir Ahmad Shah, Javed Ahmad Mir and Muhammad Yousuf Naqash addressing a big public gathering at

Wattargam Chowk in Rafiabad said that the agencies were desperate to divide the Muslims of Kashmir in the name of sects. APHC leader, Maulana Masroor Abbas Ansari has appealed the people of Kashmir to demonstrate unity to defeat their enemies. APHC leaders, Mukhtar Ahmad Waza addressing a gathering at Kehribal Mattan in Islamabad and Zafar Akbar Butt in Chadoora said that the people involved in sacrilegious acts couldn’t be the well-wishers of Muslims and the Kashmir freedom movement. On the other hand, Juma prayers could not be offered

in the major mosques of Srinagar including the Jamia Masjid due to uninterrupted imposition of curfew for the third consecutive day, today. In London, the British Member of Parliament, Sir Tony Baldry in response to the signed petitions submitted to him on behalf of the constituents belonging to Banbury constituency said that the Kashmir issue was continuously on the agenda of the European Parliament and could not continue to remain unresolved. The Kashmir Centre London has begun the second phase of the signature campaign, which was launched on July 27, 2012.—Online

Centre has failed to protect rights of Kashmiris: MLA D RUNG ,

K HAAG —MLA Langate Er Rasheed has expressed surprise over the anger and anguish shown by Union Minister for Environment Jayanthi Natarjan over the reports that villagers of Mohammadpora Shopian had tried to burn a bear alive. Addressing a public meeting here in district Budgam, he said that though Union minister is duty bound to take care of wild animals and should be given appreciation for showing such a quick response but why is Centre different when human lives get lost in Kashmir at the hands of security forces. He said that concerned Union minister has revealed that she had written a letter to CM Omar

Abdullah asking him to take stern action against those who tried to burn the bear but can she justify why Government of India has never asked state government or intelligence agencies to punish even a single officer involved in human rights violations. Er Rasheed said that Kashmiris have a right to ask the Central govt that why it has not shown even the least interest in initiating action against those who carried out incidents like Pathribal and Nadihal and played with honour and dignity of Kashmiri people whenever and wherever they want to do so. “The way justice is being denied to victims of Pathribal and other massacres it gives every reason to

a sensible person to have a big laugh when a Union minister shows so much of concern about the rights of wild animals,” he said in a statement. He said Natarjan is not the first top ranked minister who has shown so much of sympathy and concern for the animals but Maneka Gandhi has taken state govt. to task on many occasions for failing to protect the rights of dogs. “It is panic and uncivilized that the government of India provides complete protection to animals at the cost of human beings but fails to protect the rights of innocent Kashmiris including their right to live which should have been supreme than all rights,” he added.—NNI

Harsh life, unemployment turns Kashmiri youth into drug addicts S RINAGAR —Calling upon the Omar Abdullah led coalition government to form an effective mechanism in order to tackle the increasing drug menace, the participants in a local interaction program said “harsh life , unemployement was turning kashmiri youth into drug addicts. Kashmir Reform Group an NGO organized an interactive session with a large number of youngsters at the SSM Engineering College Pattan to hear views regarding the drug addiction and ways to counter its growing roots in the state. The session started with a speech from the founder of the Group, Suhail Aga, who laid emphasis on forming a plat-

form for the youth where in the issues concerning the younger generation, should be discussed. “Drug addiction has become a very common problem in our generation. People often turn to drugs because they are not able to face the pressures and challenges of life. They fail to understand that drug addiction is not just causing harm to their body but to their mind too. It causes a lot of mental and emotional imbalance in an individual,” Suhail said. During the session, the participants put forth various suggestions regarding the drug menace in the state. “There are a number of different ways to tackle this problem. Treatment centers have come up with

different treatment plans for every stage of addiction. Home Drug Addiction, Inpatient Treatment, Day program addiction treatment, and one to one drug addiction counseling are some of the remedial for tackling this menace,” said Nissa Basim one of the volunteers for the group. Few of the participants also suggested in a place like Kashmir, religion can play a good role in counseling the youth involved in drug addiction. “Islam has role to play. I have seen many boys who were properly counseled by few religious groups. There life has completely changed,” said Amaan Jameel a student of the college who participated in the session.—NNI

SRINAGAR: Indian army soldier stopping a man during a continuous third day of unannounced curfew.

Curfew hits normal life in Srinagar on third day SRINAGAR—Curfew continued for the third consecutive day, today, in different parts of Srinagar city.The curfew remained imposed in Lal Bazar, Nigeen, khaniyar, Mahrajgunj, Safakadal, Zahdibal, Nowhatta, Khayam, FatehKadla, Khaniqah, Parimpora and Rainawari areas, today. Contingents of Indian police and paramilitary Central Reserve Police Force were deployed in Srinagar, a police officer told media men. The curfew was clamped on Wednesday evening in areas falling under police stations of Nowhatta, Mehraj Gunj, Safa Kadal, Khanyar, Rainawari, Nigeen, Lal Bazar, Zadibal and Parimpora in Srinagar. A senior police officer said, “We fear protests might erupt after Friday prayers, so we recommended continuation of curfew till Friday evening. Besides, additional deployment of forces would be made in non-curfew bound areas. We won’t allow anybody to disrupt law and order.” At most of the places in old Srinagar, the residents were not able to offer prayers in masjids. “We were stopped from offering prayers in the morning,” Abdul Karim, a Safa Kadal resident said. “The cops and CRPF personnel announced curfew in our area,” he added. Muhammad Sultan of Babademb said that he could not go to the Masjid in the morning. “CRPF and policemen in large numbers were outside and they ordered me to move back,” he said, adding that even milkmen and bakers were not allowed to open shops.—Online

Tree plantation campaign soon

‘Authorities repeating 1990-like terror in IHK’ I SLAMABAD —The Hurriyet police and the army used to added. leadership in Indian Occupied Kashmir has come down hard on the Indian authorities over the arrest of parents of some youth in fake case of stone-pelting in downtown Srinagar. The Chairman of All Parties Hurriyet Conference, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq in a media interview said that the authorities had crossed all limits of state- terrorism by repeating the terror of 1990’s when Kashmir was on fire, KMS reported. “I have seen arrest of parents of youth, nocturnal raids, ransacking of homes by police in 1990,” Mirwaiz said adding that the authorities were repeating what the

do 22 years ago. “I was shocked to see elderly people behind the bars. It looked as if they were criminals. It was so sad to see them under detention in minus temperature,” he said. Mirwaiz Umar Farooq said that a physically challenged person, Sajad Ahmed, informed him that police raided their house on Tuesday morning and detained his elderly father Sheikh Ghulam Qadir who was dragged out of his home. “Similarly, police detained another aged person Muhammad Hussain after dragging him out from his house. He was lodged at Police Station Nowhatta,” he

“People have been pushed to the wall and made prisoners in their own homes,” the Mirwaiz deplored. The veteran Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Gilani said that he had witnessed so many regimes in the past but the present one had “crossed all limits of barbarism.” He said that many minors in the age group of 14 and 15 years were arrested. “But the authorities were still not satisfied and had put elderly people behind the bars for none of their fault,” he added. “Arresting elderly parents is the height of barbarism,” the veteran leader deplored.—APP

MUZAFFARABAD: AJK Chief Secretary Muhammad Shahzad Arbab inspecting Central Jail.

IHK HC asks ITBP to produce 11 personnel

Sheep farm imperils Hangul habitat SRINAGAR—The State Government continues to sleep

I S L A M A B A D —The High picked up by the ITBP men over shifting of the sheep Court of occupied Kashmir from

his

residence, farm from Dachigam Wildlife

M IRPUR (AJK)—The AJK has directed paramilitary Kokagund Verinag, on Oc- Park here, home to endangovernment has earmarked Rs 200 million for the forthcoming tree plantation campaign here on Friday. Sources told APP that over eight million saplings would be planted during the tree plantation drive on 14484 acres area across the liberated territory. The AJK Forest Department has been assigned to complete necessary arrangements for the campaign including the distribution of saplings among the people. The Forest Department urged people to participate in the campaign which would MUZAFFARABAD: Muslim Conference President Sardar Attique Ahmed Khan in- prove beneficial for the country.—APP quiring about the health of Muslim Conference leader Imtiaz Abbasi.

Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) to ensure the presence of its 11 personnel before police in connection with the disappearance of a youth from Kokagund Verinag 11 years ago. Justice Hasnain Massodi, hearing a contempt petition filed by the family of the victim, Muhammad Ashraf Koka, directed the Commandant of 10-Battalion ITBP to ensure the presence of the 11 personnel before Additional Superintendent of Police, entrusted with the investigation,Kashmir Media Service reported. According to the family, Muhammad Ashraf was

tober 27, 2001 on the ruse to guide them in the village and that was the last time when the family saw Ashraf. In his arguments, Additional Advocate General M A Chashoo, said that the ITBP authorities were not cooperating with the investigating officer. They even did not facilitate execution of warrant issued by Chief Judicial Magistrate Islamabad against the personnel, advocate Chashoo said. The trial court had issued the warrant to secure the presence of the personnel for their identification parade before the witnesses.—APP

gered Kashmiri Stag (Hangul), despite its admission that the farm was a potential threat to the animal known for its magnificent antlers. The 2nd meeting of the State Board for Wild Animals (SBWA) held on February 3, 2012 under the chairmanship of the Chief Minister Omar Abdullah had decided that the Sheep Husbandry Department should shift the farm before May 2012. The minutes of the meeting, in possession of Greater Kashmir, revealed that the Chief Minister observed it was “strange” that despite the cabinet decision of 2005, the sheep farm was not shifted.—NNI

Floriculturists plant tulip bulbs to lure tourists to Kashmir S R I N A G A R —Srinagar ’s about certain changes in the ally in full bloom in and time in March. We are trying Kashmir boasts of Asia’s famed Tulip Garden is gearing up for the annual Tulip Festival, which will be held in spring. A dedicated team of floriculture experts and gardeners are busy planting tulip bulbs ahead of the event. Curator and caretaker of the Tulip Garden Javaid Ahmad Shah said labourers are working almost roundthe-clock to ensure that the tulips bloom at the right time. “Every year we bring

garden so that the tourists get to see something new. If they get to see the same thing then they will not enjoy. Therefore, we always try to bring about a change. We prepare the beds, make different designs; fertilisation is done so that the flower blooms properly. We are preparing for the Tulip Flower Show which is held during March-April,” said Shah. By April, tulips are usu-

around Srinagar, lending an ethereal atmosphere to the valley, which has been dubbed by many as Paradise on Earth. One of the gardeners, Ashiq Hussain, said that organic manure and fertilisers are being used and they are monitoring to ensure the tulips bloom properly during the season. “We are using organic manures and putting extra efforts so that the flowers blossom at the right

our level best so that the tulip flower blooms during the season and attract hordes of tourists to the valley,” said Ashiq Hussain. The tulips, set against the backdrop of the majestic snow-clad majestic Himalayan range, are a major tourist attraction. Holland is globally renowned for its tulips but over the last few years an increasing number of tourists are visiting Kashmir for its flora.

biggest tulip garden, named Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden at Siraj Bagh Cheshmashahi in Srinagar. The festival is held annually in the month of April when tulips are in full bloom. The sprawling tulips of varied colours make the garden look like a silken carpet with intricate designs. Indeed, the scene is simply captivating with floral charm and it is a visitor’s inerasable eternal delight.—NNI

MUZAFFARABAD: Students displaying their models during an exhibition in school.


SBP gets global repute for branchless banking

SBP injects Rs 545,000m Staff Reporter KARACHI—State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) on Friday injected Rs 545,000 million into the market for 7 days through its reverse repo open market operation in the Government of Pakistan Market Treasury Bills and Pakistan Investment Bonds. The bids offered amounted Rs 569,550 million and the rate of return is 9.01 percent, said SBP statement here.

German investment moot Staff Reporter KARACHI—A German Investment Conference is to be held in June 2013 In Pakistan with the collaboration of the German embassy and PGBF (Pakistan German Business Forum). This was said by German Consul General in Karachi Dr Tilo Klinner in his visit to the Karachi office of the German corporation, DS-Concept Pakistan. The German envoy held discussions with DS Concept country head Mr Qaseem Jaffri regarding some suggestions and solutions proposed to encourage Pakistani exporters. in the best possible manner in the worst financial conditions. The meeting was organized by DS-Concept Pakistan at their office premises to strengthen the brotherly ties between Germany and Pakistan as well as to escalate the business affairs concerning the two countries. He appreciated DS-Concept Pakistan for its hard work and success in Pakistan.

Forex reserves fall nearly 2pc

STAFF REPORTER

K ARACHI —The following rates will be applicable for conversion into rupees of Foreign Currency Deposits, Dollar Bearer Certificates, Foreign Currency Bearer Certificates, Special U.S.Dollar Bonds and profits thereon by all banks and for providing Forward Cover on Foreign Currency Deposits (excluding F.E.25 deposits) by the State Bank on December 3, 2012. The rates are U.S. Dollar Rs 96.5747, Japanese Yen Rs 1.1682 Pound Sterling Rs 154.7224 and Euro Rs 125.4989.—APP

Underpromise and overdeliver is formula for success in business.

All microfinance banks (MFBs) are privately owned by local and international investors including banks, development agencies, investment funds, mobile network operators, and large domestic Microfinance Institutions(MFIs). This diversity of ownership and approaches depicts confidence in policy consistency and viability of microfinance sector. The agent network now exceeds 30,000 and is currently processing nearly 10 million transactions each month, and the growth continues quickly.

Stocks hit fresh record high, rupee strengthens

CIC invited to invest in promising DiamirBhasha dam project

ISLAMABAD—The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) has gained international recognition for its regulatory role in microfinance and branchless banking by making an enabling environment for their development in Pakistan. According to an international media report, the World Bank has praised SBP for its innovative approaches in expanding the access to financial Finance Minister Dr Abdul Hafeez Shaikh met with Deputy Secretary Treasury Neal Wolin, along with Pakistan’s Ambas- services for the unbanked and sador to the USA Ms Sherry Rehman, Minister of State for Finance Senator Saleem H Mandviwala, Governor SBP Yaseen underserved population of the Anwar, Finance Secretary Abdul Wajid Rana, Chairman FBR Ali Arshad Hakeem and Economic Minister Embassy of country, Technology Times Pakistan Mohsin Mushtaq Chandna at the US Department of Treasury.

British MPs laud BISP’s role

STAFF REPORTER

I SLAMABAD —The role of Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) in a journey towards making Pakistan a social welfare state is quite astonishing. The Programme is a vital step in social sector of Pakistan which is bringing in positive socio-economic challenges in the society. This was expressed by the members of delegation of British Parliament (International Development Committee) led by Sir Malcolm Bruce during a meeting with Federal Minister and Chairperson BISP Farzana Raja here at BISP Secretariat. The Eleven members’ delegation lauded the leadership of Farzana Raja in running BISP in highly successful and trans-

parent manner. The members of delegation said that they have gained valuable information about the working of BISP during their visit. Earlier, the Chairperson BISP informed the delegation about various interventions of the Programme aiming at poverty alleviation, women empowerment and to make Pakistan a social welfare state. Farzana Raja on the occasion apprised the members of the delegation that BISP is contributing significantly in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of United Nations regarding women empowerment and education. It is a ‘one-window programme’ providing various services to the beneficiary families simultaneously, she added.

Farzana Raja said that the use of the state of the art modern technology by BISP has proved to be a great help in enhancing the transparency employed in the Programme further. She said that despite the difficult ground situation, BISP has completed country wide poverty survey including in the region of FATA. She added further that BISP is an asset of all Pakistanis and serving people without any discrimination or any other consideration. Farzana Raja informed the delegation that BISP is about to introduce a legislation that would ensure the contribution of corporate sector in the area of social protection. She also thanked British Government for support to BISP through DFID especially in education sector.

Staff Reporter KARACHI—Pakistan’s foreign exchange reserves dropped nearly two per cent to $13.575 billion in the week ending Nov 23, from $13.814 billion in the previous week, the central bank said. Remittances from Pakistanis abroad rose 15.04 per cent to $4.964 billion in the first four months, July to October, of the 2012/13 fiscal year, from $4.315 Federal Minister and Chairperson BISP, Farzana Raja giving briefing to a delegation combillion in the same period last prising members of British Parliament. year.

Rates for conversion

website reported. “Pakistan has one of the best regulatory environments in the world for microfinance and one of the fastest-growing microfinance sectors, with 3 million borrowers,” it explained. The central bank has been playing a chief role while working meticulously with the industry through various policy and strategic initiatives to transform the financial market into an equitable system of efficient market-based financial services to the hitherto excluded poor and marginalized segments of the society.

Weekly inflation goes down STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The Sensitive Price Indicator (SPI) for the week ended on November 29, for the lowest income group up to Rs.8,000, registered decrease of 0.03 per cent as compared to the previous week. The SPI for the week under review in the above mentioned group was recorded at 181.66 points against 181.71 points registered in the previous week, according to provisional figures of Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS). The weekly SPI has been computed with base 20072008=100, covering 17 urban centers and 53 essential items for all income groups and combined. The SPI for the combined group decreased by 0.02 per cent as it went down from 187.26 points in the previous week to 187.23

KP govt establishes KP-BOIT STAFF REPORTER PESHAWAR—The Government

of Khyber Pukhtunkhwa has established the Khyber Pukhtunkhwa Board of Investment and Trade (KP-BOIT) to promote investment and trade in the province. According to a notification issued to this effect, Chief Minister Khyber Pukhtunkhwa will be patron- in- chief and chairperson of the board while its vice chairman will be from private sector. Its other members will include Additional Chief Secretary, Secretary Finance Secretary Industries, one member each from four regions i.e. Peshawar region including Mardan, Kohat, D.I.Khan Region including Bannu Division, Malakand Division and Hazara Division. Moreover four representative Continued on Page 14 from different clusters of the

economy i.e. Agriculture, Horticulture, Livestock, Poultry and honeybee farming, Mines and minerals, Minerals Development, Energy and Power, Construction, Tourism & Hotels, Transportation & Communication, Education and Health Services and Two representative will include from FATA. The functions of the KPBOIT are to provide a proactive one window operation facility to investors in the province also to identify the investment opportunities in the areas of Hydel-Power, Mining, Oil & Gas, Fruits & Vegetables, and Tourism Sectors to investors, both local and foreign. The BOIT will develop Public-Private Partnership models in various sectors of the economy and to guide and advise the Government of KhyberPukhtunkhwa on matters related to investment.

SMEDA provides relief loans STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD —General Manager of the Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority (SMEDA) Dr Nasir Khan Ghauri on Friday said that the SMEDA had provided financial relief to about 11242 miroenterprises in 29 districts, which were badly affected by the 2010 floods. He was speaking at a ceremony here to distribute certificates among non-governmental organizations for their contribution in socio-economic services in the flood-hit areas. The SMEDA General Manager said that the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) were durable components of the project to gauge the devastation caused by the 2010 floods. He said that the SMEDA had achieved its goals regarding economic development of the women, who had been ignored over the years. Most of the initiatives were directed by the government towards removing violence against women and enhancing their capacity of primary education and health care. Ghauri further said that with the help of government and donors efforts to reduce gender inequalities, the SMEDA had Continued on Page 14

ADB to provide Rs 700m for canal redesigning STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—Asian Development

STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Stocks hit a record high for the fourth day in a row on Friday, closing the week up nearly 3 per cent, driven by a rally in cement shares and expectations that the central bank will ease rates next week. The Karachi Stock Exchange’s (KSE) benchmark 100-share index surged as high as 16,651.10 in intraday trading. It closed at 16,573.86, up 0.28 per cent or 46.78 points from the previous session. “Investors remained bullish in cement stocks, while the textile sector also joined the bandwagon,” said Samar Iqbal, an equity dealer with Topline Securities. “With the end of the year approaching, there was also re-

newed interest in the banking sector.” Fauji Cement rose 2.05 per cent, or 0.14 rupees, to 6.98 per share, while National Bank was up 4.99 per cent, or 2.37 rupees, to 49.87 per share. Karachi Electric fell 0.72 per cent, or 0.05 rupees, to 6.88 per share. The market also found support from expectations that the State Bank of Pakistan will cut its discount rate with inflation under control. The government will publish November inflation figures on Monday, while the central bank meets later in the week to decide on monetary policy. In the currency market, the Pakistani rupee strengthened to 96.49/96.54 to the dollar, compared to Thursday’s close of 96.54/96.59. Overnight rates in the money market remained flat at 9.50 per cent.

Mobilink to invest $1b to enhance mobile network STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—Mobilink will be investing over USD 1 billion towards the enhancement of its voice and data services, paving the way towards introducing 3G services as soon as it is licensed in Pakistan. This was shared with the Honorable Raja Pervez Ashraf, Prime Minister of Pakistan by Jo Lunder, Group CEO, VimpelCom, during a meeting at the Prime Minister House. VimpelCom continues to have a positive outlook on its operations in Pakistan, with Mobilink already having invested over USD 3.9 billion till date as part of its vision to reshape lives through connectivity. The additional investment of USD 1 billion is part of VimpelCom’s aggressive plans to further consolidate its leadership position in Pakistan

with the deployment of stateof-the-art next-generation mobile network equipment. Jo Lunder, Group CEO of Vimpelcom, parent company of Mobilink, highlighted, “The investment on our mobile network is a continuation of Mobilink’s promise made at the start of 2012 to create a paradigm shift in Pakistan’s cellular environment. Mobilink will sustain its focus on infrastructure investment, increased coverage and great customer relationship management to provide our valued customers with the best cellular experience in Pakistan!” Ahmed Abou Doma, Group Chief Executive Officer of Orascom Telecom, added, “This strategic investment is part of our commitment to provide leading-edge, high-quality mobile broadband and voice services to our customers in Pakistan.”

Bank (ADB) has decided to provide Rs 700 million funding to Punjab government for redesigning and remodeling of Pakpattan Sulemanki and other canals in the province. The approval has been granted on the conditions of Punjab government after successfully ending two days dialogue between the provincial authorities and the bank in the presence of representative of federal government, an official who attended the meeting said here on Friday. An agreement was also signed in this regard. Secretary P&D Arif Anwar Baloch and ADB team head Akhter Hussain signed the agreement from their respective sides. Member P&D Dr Abid Bodla, Secretary Irrigation Khalid Masood, Additional Secretary Finance Farid Tarar, Chief Engineer Ambassador of DPR Korea to Pakistan, Roy Kyong Chol, Irrigation represented Punjab gov- called on the Federal Minister for State for Water and Power ernment. Tasneem Qureshi.

STAFF REPORTER ISLAMABAD—The Ministry of Water and Power Friday invited the China Investment Corporation (CIC) to invest in hydropower projects particularly the Diamir-Bhasha dam that has power generation potential of 4500 megawatts. A high level CIC delegation led by its President Gao Xiqing is currently visiting Pakistan to explore investment opportunities in the country in various fields of economy. Ministry of Water and Power gave a detailed presentation to the CIC delegation about the investment opportunities in the power sector of the country. The ministry specially highlighted the lucrative investment opportunities in the Diamir-Bhasha dam project, which could also help mitigate energy crisis in the country. Among others, Minister of Water and Power, Ahmed Mukhtar, Chairman Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) Syed Raghib Abbas Shah, former Chairman WAPDA Muhammad Shakeel Durrani were also present during the briefing. In his detailed presentation, the Chairman WAPDA informed the Chinese delegation that work on several projects related to the construction of dam are underway which include land acquisition as 1945 acres of land has been acquired. In addition, work also continues on the project colony at Thor valley, construction of composite model villages for resettlement of affectees and construction of bypass form Shatial to Thor Nullah to Existing KKH (35km).

NESPAK’s actions are above board: MD STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—NESPAK Managing Director Asad I. A. Khan has said that NESPAK is guided by a set of rules and regulations, adding that the Company firmly believes in checks and balances and functions under the organisational structure suited to its specific professional needs, according to a press release issued here on Friday. He said NESPAK is a Stateowned company which functions as a private limited company under its own board of directors. In a press statement issued here on Friday, MD NESPAK Asad Khan said lately, it has been sumContinued on Page 14

Pakistan, India can rule global textile market STAFF REPORTER KARACHI—Collective efforts by the textile sectors of India and Pakistan, being the major cotton growing countries, can rule the global textile scenario. This was stated by Vinod K Ladia, Leader of Indian delegation and Chairman Synthetic & Rayon Textiles Export Promotion Council of India (SRTEPC) while speaking at the inauguration of INTEXPO Pakistan exhibition, organized by Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry here today. While lauding the efforts of KCCI’s Leadership and President KCCI the Indian textile leader said that India and

Pakistan had similar business trend in textiles and cooperation in the textiles sector between two countries will create winwin situation. Textile sector of both sides can join hands as collaborators instead of competitors as India and Pakistan are both are leading cotton growers and textiles manufacturers. “Collectively we can do wonders”, he said. INTEXPO Pakistan was 67th Exhibition of SRTEPC, wherein leading Indian Brands from Textiles including products like yarn, man-made fibres, fabrics, textile made-up and accessories were on display for match-making with Pakistani counterparts, he said.

Sanjeev Saran, Convenor Export Promotion Committee & Former Chairman SRTEPC; S.K. Khandelia, President, Indian Spinners Association & Board Member SRTEPC; Aziz Vali Ullah, Board Member SRTEPC; E.L. Paulo, Acting Executive Director SRTEPC, Shamim Firpo, Senior Vice President KCCI, Nasir Mehmood, Vice President KCCI and Junaid Makda, Chairman International Affairs KCCI and also exchanged views on this occasion. Mementos and gifts were also exchanged after signing of MoU. Meanwhile the Chairman Businessmen Group & former President KCCI Siraj Kassam

Teli inaugurated INTEXPO Pakistan Exhibition, an Indian showcase of synthetic and rayon textiles products, being organized by The Synthetic & Rayon Textiles Export Promotion Council of India (SRTEPC) and Karachi Chamber of Commerce & Industry (KCCI) at Taj Marquee, Adj Sheraton Karachi wherein 40 leading Indian brands form textiles sector are exhibiting their products. About 60 members delegation of Synthetic & Rayon Textiles Export Promotion Council of India (SRTEPC) headed by its Chairman Vinod K. Ladia arrived yesterday for Intexpo Pakistan Exhibition in Karachi (30 Nov & 01 Dec) and Lahore (2nd & 3rd

December). Chairman SRTEPC Vinod K. Ladia and President KCCI Haroon Agar also signed MoU to facilitate members of respective trade organizations. Chief Guest Siraj Kassam Teli, Chairman Businessmen Group speaking at the inauguration ceremony appreciated Indo-Pak emerging business opportunities and recent productive developments between two governments to fortify economic and commercial relations between two countries. He said that the Indo-Pak Business communities firmly believe that improving economic ties may help to resolve the larger political issues that obstruct friendly and cordial relations and will bring

peace and prosperity in the region. He was of the view that political relations should not affect the positive business developments between business communities of two countries and businesses should not suffer. He hoped Pakistan may accord MFN to India soon and said that eight years back when he led the first delegation to India when he was the President of Karachi Chamber in 2004, he had same viewpoint then. Guest of Honour Chairman Sindh Board of Investment and former President KCCI Muhammad Zubair Motiwala proposed points which he opined, if implemented would act as cornerstone for develop-

ment of bilateral trade. He proposed that the travelling between India and Pakistan should be made easy with grant multiple visas for multiple cities. Indo Pak trade may be done in rupees (India & Pak Rupees) rather than dollars. He voiced to remove Non-Tariff Barriers and introduce Mediation/Arbitration Committees He said that sealink should be started initially small vessels be allowed to operate between the ports of Karachi and Indian ports of Mumbai, Porbunder, Mundra etc. He was of the view that India and Pakistan had large diversified textile sectors and immense potential of mutual cooperation do exist.

Karachi Chamber of Commerce & Industry’s President Muhammad Haroon Agar admired the steps taken by Indo Pak Governments to enhance bilateral economic and commercial cooperation and paid tribute to the business community of two countries to support their governments in this regard. He said that 2013 is the year of IndoPak trade liberalization. Both governments have also agreed to liberalize visa regime and allowing business visas with multiple entries for different cities. He said, “today this exhibition became possible with the joint efforts of SRTEPC and KCCI to provide a platform to Indo-Pak

Continued on Page 14


PSIC disburses Rs 4,070m loans STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—The Punjab Small Industries Corporation (PSIC) disbursed loans on soft terms and conditions worth Rs 4,070 million for the promotion of small scale industry in the province. Managing Director, PSIC, Farhan Aziz Khawaja told APP here Friday that a total of 19564 loanees benefited from this package and beneficiaries were advanced loans under one window operation on the special directive of Chief Minister Punjab. About the recovery of loans, he said that recovery ratio is 87.74 percent and all Regional Directors across the province have already been given recovery targets and hoped that PSIC by the grace of Allah will achieve all targets well in time ahead of end of current fiscal year. Regional Director, Lahore Ali Raza Tarar realised an amount of rupees 3.197 million from loanees which he added is the highest among all other regions while the overall performance of other regions is satisfactory except Faisalabad, Rawalpindi and Bahawalpur compared to previous targets. The MD asked all loanees to make sure that all easy installment of loan must be paid on time so that other people could also benefit from the facility of soft loans.

FPCCI appreciates LHC’s orders on KBD MUZAFFAR ALI LAHORE—Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FPCCI) appreciating the Lahore High Court (LHC)’s orders asserted that Kala Bagh Dam is most important for development. “Kala Bagh Dam is in interest of all provinces. Stories about its negative affects for Khyber Pakhtunkhawa and Sindh are technically wrongs however government should create consensus on this project of national interest,” this was stated by Sheikh Abdul Waheed Sandal, Regional Chairman FPCCI, Azhar Majeed Shaikh, Vice President FPCCI and Khawaja Khawar Rahid, Chairman FPCCI Standing Committee on Environment in a joint statement issued here on Friday. They said LHC verdict is in favour of national interest and it has historic importance. “We can generate enough electricity through Kala Bagh Dam to solve current energy crises. New reservoirs are necessary and needed conserve water for agriculture needs of whole country,” they added. They said KBD is a best project to stable the economy but unfortunately dirty politics is affecting this golden project badly. “Country is facing shortage of water but 35 million cubic feet water is going in sea every year because we have no dam to store the water, adding they said a number of specialists had proved that KBD was not only significance project for Punjab but also for all provinces.

Australian tax crackdown to target Google, other multinationals C ANBERRA —Australia released draft revisions to tax laws, which it said were designed to stop big firms, including the local arm of Google, from shifting their income to countries such as Holland or Ireland where the tax rates are lower. The move is in line with a push by Britain and Germany who want the G20 group of nations to make multinational companies pay their “fair share” of taxes, following reports of large firms exploiting loopholes to shift taxation of their income away from where they are generated. Australia’s Assistant Treasurer David Bradbury said the tax laws were being revised to ensure that companies pay tax on profits made in the country, citing the case of Google Australia. “While the day-to-day dealings of Australian firms advertising on Google might be with Google Australia, under the fine print of contracts Australian firms sign with Google, they are actually buying their advertising from an Irish subsidiary of Google,” Bradbury said in a speech to accountants in Sydney.—Newswire

USC reduces prices, improves product quality USC has deposited an amount of more than Rs 21 billion in government ex-chequer during ISLAMABAD—The sales of the the last five years”, the spokesUtility Stores Corporation man said. (USC) have registered an upHe further said that the USC ward trend during the past years since last decade continued to be owing to considerable improvea profitable enterprise and selfment in the quality of the prodsustaining as it did not get any ucts and reduction in the prices. kind of funds or financial grant “Phenomenal increase of for meeting its operational exsales upto 40% itself speaks volpenses. All the operational exumes of growing business and penses, which include cost of confidence of the customers/ salaries, wages, rental of the general public”, said a USC buildings, selling and distribuspokesman in a statement on tion expenses and payment of Friday. taxes are being met by the orgaThe spokesman, while comnization itself, he said. menting on a news item pubPresident FPCCI presenting crest to Akira Ouchi, Consul General of Japan. The corporation, he said, lished in a section of the press was also satisfactorily dischargterming the USC ‘a loss making its basic role of price moding enterprise’, said that the erator in the market. USC had not only successfully The intervention of USC has discharged its obligatory funcalways played an effective role tion of provision of essential schedule flights. AMANULLAH KHAN in stabilizing the prices in the commodities to the consumers The airline’s 21 hajj flights market, he remarked. at lower prices and thereby proK ARACHI —PIA has accom- brought back 10353 hajjis to STAFF REPORTER plished Hajj Operation 2012 Karachi, 17385 through 35 the arrival of the last flight flights to Islamabad, 16783 KARACHI—The Chartered In- with PK-3662 at Quetta airport early through 34 flights to Lahore and stitute of Management Accoun- this morning. 13,973 Hajjis to Peshawar tants (CIMA) has renewed its The arrival of 85 percent through 43 post hajj flights.PIA mutual recognition agreement post hajj flights from Jeddah ar- carried back 13275 hajjis to with one of the world’s largest riving on time is something Quetta by 41 Post-Hajj flights, STAFF REPORTER accounting bodies, CPA Austra- which was duly recognized even 7,006 Hajjis to Multan by 14 lia. by Saudi Civil Aviation Author- flights and 3,491 Hajjis to ISLAMABAD—National VocaBoth professional bodies ity. It may be noted that the na- Sialkot by 07 Post-Hajj Flights. tional and Technical Training play a vital role by equipping tional carrier brought back about MD PIA Muhammad Junaid Commission (NAVTTC) and their members with the financial 100,000 Hajjis to Pakistan. Yunus said that overcrowding at Sindh Technical Education and expertise and business acumen PIA has carried 83000 Jeddah Hajj Terminal where Vocational Training Authority that allows them to guide their Hujjaj through 196 flights to 80,000 to 100,000 passengers (STEVTA) have so far trained organisations to long-term, sus- Pakistan. 1989 Hajjis were arrive at the same time for their 24,000 unemployed youth tainable success. flown back to Rangoon by 4 return journey to other countries throughout Sindh which include They are dedicated to pro- Chartered flights while over through 74 different international 15,400 males and 8,600 females, moting accountability and 15000 Hajjis travelled through airlines cause’s initial delays in through short courses under good governance worldwide Minister STEVTA Sadiq Ali Memon called on the Chairman Prime Minister’s Special and are committed to profesNAVTTC Muhammad Mumtaz Akhtar Kahloon to discuss Hunarmand Pakistan Program sional ethics and a code of and President’s Funni Maharat ways and means regarding promotion of Technical and Vo- conduct. cational Education and Training in Sindh. Program, funded by NAVTTC This agreement, first esVocational Training Authority Qualification Framework (NQF) tablished in January 2009, aland executed by STEVTA. These courses were not only (STEVTA) who called on him for the promotion of TVET Sec- lows qualified members of free of any charges, but the train- at his office in Prime Minister tor as well, he added. both CPA Australia and CIMA The Minister STEVTA ap- to gain reciprocal memberees were also given a monthly Secretariat (Public) here yestertranslating into an equity infuOBSERVER REPORT preciated the performance of day. stipend of Rs. 2,000/- per month sion of USD 50 million equivaship. It also identifies areas The Chairman NAVTTC told NAVTTC and its key role for for joint initiatives – includper head. The unemployed K A R A C H I —The Karachi lent. youth, after getting the training, the Minister STEVTA regarding establishing Technical and Vo- ing research and advocacy – As per the loan financing have been able to earn respect- efforts of NAVTTC in streamlin- cational Centers in 14 remote and gives members height- Electric Supply Company agreement signed by IFC (a (KESC) Thursday declared able livelihood for themselves ing the Technical & Vocational tehsils of Sindh under the ened access to international that two of its debt financiers, member of the World Bank and their families, said Education and Training (TVET) President’s Funni Maharat job markets. International Finance Corpora- Group) and ADB with KESC Muhammad Mumtaz Akhtar Sector of Pakistan. NAVTTC has Programme, where, no such intion (IFC) and Asian Develop- in 2010, the two international Kahloon Chairman NAVTTC developed around 104 Curricula stitute was previously available, ment Bank (ADB) who are institutions have the right to while talking to Sadiq Ali of different trades of TVET Sec- under this programme, 8,400 lenders of $ 275 million to the convert upto USD 50 million Memon Minister/ Chairman of tor after adopting Skill Standards jobless youth have so far been utility have expressed their in- of their debt into equity beSindh Technical Education and besides developing National trained. tent to partially convert their fore 31 Dec 2012. Accordingly, IFC and ADB have debt into equity. Each of the two institutions communicated their intent to will invest up to USD 25 mil- exercise this right for the full From Page-13 lion equivalent in the common amount. STAFF REPORTER Hong Kong closed 0.49 perHONG KONG—Asian markets As per KESC management, developed a proper economic mostly climbed on Friday after cent higher adding 107.50 points shares of the power utility, thus action plan to uplift women’s data showed the US economy to 22,030.39, while Shanghai I SLAMABAD —National Prosocio-economic status. grew more than first expected was up 0.85 percent, or 16.63 ductivity Organization (NPO“On adhoc basis, some com- in the third quarter while trad- points, at 1,980.12. The US Pakistan) in collaboration with mon facility centers and voca- ers remain upbeat a deal will be Commerce Department said United Nations Industrial Detional/technical training insti- made on averting the fiscal Thursday the economy grew 2.7 velopment Organization tutes to enhance female partici- cliff. percent in the three months to (UNIDO) Pakistan organized a and their families in less than 2 STAFF REPORTER pation rate have been estabThe yen eased further September, faster than the 2.0 workshop on projects for “Susyears. In addition, he welcomed lished which will provide tradi- against the dollar and euro after percent first estimated, reflect- tainable Energy Initiatives for the enhancement of Death Grant I SLAMABAD —Islamabad 30tional skills such as micro live- the Japanese government an- ing in part increases in govern- Industries in Pakistan” under Nov-12: “Secretary Workers from Rs. 300,000 to Rs. stock,” he added. nounced a huge spending spree ment spending and private in- GEF funding in collaboration Welfare Fund (WWF), Iftikhar 500,000. Secretary WWF deSMEADA Deputy General to kickstart the economy just ventory investment. with Government of Pakistan. Rahim talking to the reporters noted that Education branch has Manager Raja Hussnain Javed weeks before a general election. The Chief Guest of the reiterated the precept of “Serv- been offering high quality eduHowever, growth in consaid on the occassion that there Tokyo closed 0.48 percent, sumer spending, which accounts Workshop was Mr. Muhammad ing the Deserving” on Friday. cation to the children of workwas a need for holistic or 45.13 points, higher at for 70 percent of output, was Basharat Raja, Advisor to Prime programme for enterprise and 9,446.01, Sydney ended up 0.63 revised down to 1.4 percent, just Minister said that government While throwing light on the ers, enabling them to compete leadership development of percent, or 28.3 points, at slightly above the second-quar- supports initiatives carried out by overall operations of the depart- on a level playing field with the women in the country through 4,506.0 but Seoul finished 0.10 ter pace. Also, jobless claims fell UNIDO and NPO. He said that ment, he expressed gratification private sector students. Mr. Rahim appreciating the such networking, which had percent, or 1.95 points, lower at back to 393,000 in the most re- energy stands at the forefront of with functioning of ‘Education’ value of workers in the economy and ‘Other Welfare’ sections. heen initiated to enhance their 1,932.90, reversing early day cent week, the Labor Depart- the complex and interconnected Explicating the accomplish- emphasized on facilitating and potential and facilitate in their gains. challenges that define our in- ments of Other Welfare section equipping them for productive ment said Thursday.—APP endeavours. creasingly globalized world. He which awards Death Grants and results. Mr. Rahim expressed stressed that we should ensure Marriage Grants, Secretary that satisfaction enhances the universal access to sustainable WWF cheered that 12,081 efficiency and effectiveness of energy as this is pre-requisite to grants have been distributed workers that is key to economic achieving sustainable develop- among the deserving workers growth. ment and driving new models of economic growth. Alois Posekufa Mhlanga , UNIDO Project Director, congratulated all the stakeholders of coming From Page-13 together at single platform and INTEXPO Pakistan 2012 to realize this important agenda. business community to explore the future business prospects. I commenced today at Taj Marquee hope signing of MOU between Sheraton Hotel after inauguration KCCI and SRTEPC will prove by Chairman Businessmen Group milestone for mutual cooperation & Ex-President KCCI and will and facilitation to business com- continue on 1st December from STAFF REPORTER munity of both countries.” He in- 10am to 5pm. Chief Guest Chairformed that he has planned to al- man Businessmen Group Siraj LAHORE—Samsung Electron- locate one complete hall for In- Teli along with Guest of Honour ics Co. Ltd., a global market dian Pavilion in 10th My-Karachi Chairman Sindh Board of InvestAbdul Basit Khan, Addl. Secretary (MNFS&R) and Dr Iftikhar Ahmad, Chairman PARC, leader and award-winning inno- Exhibition scheduled to be orga- ment Zubair Motiwala accompain a group photo with participants of International Seminar on “Trends in Public Agricul- vator, has signed an MoU nized from 5th to 7th July, 2013. nies by President KCCI Haroon (Memorandum of Understand- He said that KCCI also intend to Agar and Chairman SRTEPC tural Research and Development Investment and Staffing in Pakistan”. ing) with TEVTA (Technical organize one exhibition of prod- Vinod K. Ladia also visited the Education and Vocational Train- ucts made in Pakistan in Mumbai stalls; met Indian exhibitors and ing Authority) to establish four India during first quarter of 2013. witnessed the products. labs namely Mobile phone, From Page-13 aforementioned consultative pro- points in the week under review. Home appliances, Air condiSTAFF REPORTER cess as well as independent audit As compared to the corre- tioner/Refrigerator and Washing ISLAMABAD—OGRA has de- report, has formulated a new CNG sponding week of last year, the Machine/Microwaves in termined CNG consumer price price formula and forwarded the SPI for the combined group in Lahore. This ‘hands-on’ lab formula, taking into account the same to M/O Petroleum & Natu- the week under review wit- training will enable students to exigency of the issue and in pur- ral Resources to issue necessary nessed increase of 6.82 percent. gain the necessary experience suance of Supreme Court order, policy guidelines to OGRA as per As compared to the last week, and technical skill to seek emOGRA has completed the pro- OGRA Ordinance / Rules en- the SPI for the income groups ployment opportunities. According to the MOU, cess of consultation, wherein, abling OGRA to comply with from Rs.8001-12,000, 12,001different shades of opinion was Supreme Court’s decision before 18,000, 18001-35,000 and Samsung Pakistan will provide obtained from professionals, December 05, 2012. above Rs.35,000 decreased by electronic products to TEVTA For further deliberation 0.03 percent, 0.02 percent, 0.02 exclusively for educational and technocrats, legal experts, consumers, CNG Associations, OGRA as long term measures and 0.01 percent respectively. training purposes. The students Chambers of Commerce, Gov- has also planned the detailed auDuring the week under re- at TEVTA will be deemed comernment departments inter-alia dit of three hundred CNG Sta- view average prices of 16 items petent to use these products by including M/O Finance, M/O tions all over the country within registered decrease, while that of the TEVTA faculty. Samsung MPNR etc in various meetings next few months. It would be 22 items increase with the remain- Pakistan will also from time to and public hearings held at worth mentioning that OGRA ing 16 items’ prices unchanged. time provide further assistance by Lahore, Islamabad and Karachi. role in the current energy sector The items which registered teaching and training the faculty OGRA, in exercise of the is highly important and has been decrease in their prices during the at TEVTA by conducting specialpowers conferred vide Rule 13 of performed not only to encourage/ week under review included on- ized workshops and seminars. CNG Rules 1992, and in light of offer investment in the said sec- ions, chicken, red chiilies, potatoes, Further to this, detailed techni- ZONG has announced the winners of its Carnama offer. Picthe views/arguments/suggestions/ tor but has also protected con- vegetable ghee (tin), mash pulse cal training manuals shall also be ture shows Fan Yunjun, CEO along with Usman Ishaq, ED feedback received from all stake- sumer interest while maintaining (washed), cooking oil (tin), masoor provided to the staff to enrich the Commercial and Sajid Mahmood, CCO of ZONG conductteaching experience. ing the lucky draw. holders / participants through the transparency/fair approach. pulse (washed), kerosine oil.

STAFF REPORTER

viding much needed economic relief to the poor segments of society, but also increased its profitability over the years. “It will be a misnomer if the USC is termed a loss making unit when its sales are growing so rapidly’, he remarked. In fact the volume of sales of Rs 22 billion during last Ramzan stand vindicated of the fact that it has restored confidence of customers, he added. He said that that it was made possible by ensuring procurement of good quality products and availability at affordable prices. The USC, he said, was ensuring availability on the shelves of maximum number of commodities as well as branded food and non-food items. “Besides performing its core task of providing relief to the poor segments of society, the

CIMA members get membership of CPA Australia

PIA accomplishes Hajj operation

NAVTTC develop 104 curricula of different trades of technical, vocational education

departures of flights due to security checks, immigration formalities etc. Besides, as per Saudi law an airline may be penalized and is not allowed to take off without the booked flight passenger. MD PIA appreciated the airline employees for the success of smooth travel arrangements for about 100,000 Hujjaj without any major problem through sheer team work in this mega operation. It was made possible only because of the dedication and whole-heartedly efforts by each member of the team to make this operation a success. He congratulated the employees on their success and for extra ordinary efforts during this entire operation day and night.

IFC, ADB to become $50m shareholders in KESC

SMEDA

Asian markets rise

Meeting on sustainable energy initiative for industries

this positive development, where two leading international financial institutions are geared to become shareholders in KESC is a reflection of their confidence in the turnaround progress being made by the power utility. The direct and immediate impact of the conversion of this loan facility into equity will mean significant reduction in KESC’s debt, not only translating into greater financial leverage but will also mean substantial savings in terms of servicing financial charges.

WWF distributed 12,081 grants Food Security, Poverty among deserving workers

India-Pakistan textiles

Samsung Electronics signs MoU

OGRA clarifies

Weekly inflation

Alleviation moot STAFF REPORTER

ISLAMABAD —The Brazilian food and agriculture experts will share their experiences and expertise with their counterparts here during a moot being organized with the sole objective to help ensure food security and zero hunger in Pakistan. The deliberation would begin with seminar on Food Security and Poverty Alleviation that has been organized by the Ministry of National Food Security & Research, Government of Pakistan in collaboration with the Embassy of Brazil Government in Islamabad, Pakistan and other National and International Organizations such as PARC, WFP, FAO, SDPI on December 3 at a local hotel. The seminar would be followed by the technical sessions between the experts of both the countries to share their experience and expertise in fight against poverty. This initiative will also pave the way for identifying areas of cooperation and strengthen the old and friendly relations between the two countries and peoples.

NESPAK’s From Page-13 moned by the Sub-Committee of the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) to explain its position on purely internal day-to-day matters of the Company. “With all due respect, NESPAK has complied with the directives of the PAC Sub- Committee and appeared in the three meetings in just five weeks,” the MD NESPAK added. He said that NESPAK’s brilliant performance is a solid proof that it has never been involved in any practice which can tarnish its own image or bring a bad name to the country. “It is, therefore unfortunate NESPAK’s image and reputation is being put at stake on the issues that do not relate to the matters concerning the national interest,” he added. “NESPAK’s track-record shows that it has won accolades since the day of its inception both at domestic and foreign fronts.


Syria jets bombard airport road rebel targets

Hackers have secret IAEA V IENNA—Anti-Israel hackers, who the U.N. nuclear agency this week said had posted data online stolen from one of its servers, claimed in a new statement they had published confidential material obtained from the watchdog. The statement - in the name of a group with an Iraniansounding name - was put on a website hours after U.N. nuclear chief Yukiya Amano said on Thursday he did not believe sensitive nuclear “safeguards” information had been compromised. The U.N. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), whose mission is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons in the world and which is investigating Iran’s disputed nuclear activities, declined to comment on the latest development on Friday. The hackers published on Sunday scores of email addresses of experts who have been working with the U.N. agency on a website, and urged the IAEA to investigate Israel’s nuclear activity. On Thursday, Amano said this was “deeply regrettable” but he voiced confidence that no sensitive information regarding the agency’s nuclear inspections had been stolen. He said the hacking happened several months ago. The new hacker statement in the name of Parastoo (which in Farsi means swallow, a bird species, and can also be a girl’s name) said that it was now publishing more data online “to prove our ability to gain access to highly sensitive information.” The authenticity of the material - posted on the same website as Sunday’s statement - could not immediately be verified.—Reuters

Medical treatment in France N OUAKCHOTT—Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz said on Thursday he will once again travel to France for medical treatment for a bullet wound he suffered in mid-October. The Western ally in the fight against al Qaeda in Africa already spent nearly six weeks in France recuperating from the wound to his abdomen, which his government said was caused when a Mauritanian patrol accidentally fired on his car. Mauritania’s President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz listens to French President as they speak to journalists after a meeting at the Elysee Palace in Paris. He returned to Mauritania’s capital, Nouakchott, last Saturday, easing fears concerning the state of his health and uncertainty over who was managing the country - which has suffered two coups since 2005. “I leave tomorrow for appointments in France,” Abdel Aziz said in a press conference broadcast on national television. “I need to do further testing and X-rays. I will leave only for a few days,” he said. He has repeatedly said that he has remained in charge of the country throughout the ordeal, and that his injury was not life threatening. Straddling black and Arab Africa on the continent’s west coast, Mauritania, a country of 3.2 million people, is an iron ore, copper and gold producer with a budding off-shore oil and gas sector. The country has launched at least two airstrikes on Islamist camps in neighbouring Mali since 2010, raising fears of a fresh attack on Mauritanian soil.—Reuters

Strauss-Kahn to settle civil suit NEW YORK—Former International Monetary Fund chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn will settle the civil lawsuit brought by the hotel maid who accused him of sexually assaulting her last year, the New York Times reported on Thursday, citing people with knowledge of the matter. Lawyers for Strauss-Kahn and Nafissatou Diallo will appear before a judge in New York next week, the Times reported, though the newspaper said one person familiar with the details emphasized that a final agreement has not yet been signed. The amount of money involved in the settlement could not be determined, the Times said. Former IMF head Dominique Strauss-Kahn leaves after he voted in the first round of the 2012 French presidential election at a polling station in Sarcelles. Lawyers for both sides did not immediately respond to requests for comment. The scandal that erupted after Diallo’s allegations scuttled Strauss-Kahn’s plans to run for president of his native France and forced him to resign his post days after he was arrested and charged with attempted rape, among other crimes. But the criminal prosecution fell apart after doubts emerged concerning Diallo’s credibility as a witness. The Manhattan district attorney’s office formally moved to dismiss the indictment in August 2011, and a judge dropped the charges. The lawsuit, which was filed just weeks before the criminal charges were dropped, accused Strauss-Kahn of a “brutal” assault and sought unspecified damages. But Strauss-Kahn has maintained that the sexual encounter was consensual.—Reuters

Clinton urges due process in trials W ASHINGTON —The United States warned Georgia on Thursday not to follow the path of Ukraine into an era of political witch-hunts as the country’s new government prosecutes a raft of former officials following last month’s parliamentary election. “We do hope that everything that is done with respect to prosecuting any potential wrongdoers is done transparently in accord with due process and the rule of law,” Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said in remarks with visiting Georgian Foreign Minister Maia Panjikidze. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton arrives for the 4th ASEAN-U.S. leaders’ meeting at the Peace Palace in Phnom Penh. The detentions of former state officials since billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili led a coalition to victory over President Mikheil Saakashvili’s long-ruling party in parliamentary elections last month has raised fears of political reprisals and drawn criticism from the European Union. More than 10 former senior officials - including a former interior minister and the army’s acting chief-of-staff - have been arrested and charged with abuse of power, illegal confinement or illegally obtaining personal information. Saakashvili, who has steered a strongly pro-Western course since rising to power in the peaceful 2003 Rose Revolution, is due to remain in the presidency until next year.—Reuters

SL parliament rebuffs SC summons C OLOMBO —Sri Lanka’s parliament speaker on Thursday rejected a supreme court summons to a parliamentary panel looking into a move to impeach the chief justice, deepening a crisis that has raised concern about the independence of the country’s judiciary. The standoff in the south Asian state has raised the risk of a destabilising clash between the judiciary and President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s government. The two have been on a collision course since Rajapaksa’s party filed an impeachment motion against Shirani Bandaranayake, Sri Lanka’s first female head of the Supreme Court, on November 6. Relations between the chief justice and Rajapaksa have been deteriorating for months, with the government complaining that she has been overstepping her authority and Bandaranayake’s supporters complaining of political interference. The Supreme Court summoned the speaker and the 11-member parliamentary committee to hear cases filed by lawyers and civil society advocates challenging the legality of the impeachment and the composition of the panel.—Reuters

BEIRUT—Syrian air force jets ascus, his seat of power. bombarded rebel targets on Friday close to the Damascus airport road and a regional airline said the violence had halted international flights to the capital. Activists said security forces clashed with rebels trying to topple President Bashar al-Assad around Aqraba and Babilla districts on the southeastern outskirts of the Damascus which lead to the international airport. Internet connections and most telephone lines were down for a second day, the worst communications outage in a 20-month-old uprising in which 40,000 people have been killed, hundreds of thousands have fled the country, and millions been displaced. The mostly Sunni Muslim rebels who are battling A man carrying a shovel, walks near buildings damaged by a Syrian Air Force fighter jet missile, operated by those Assad, from Syria’s Alawite minority linked to Shi’ite Islam, loyal to Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad in Daria, near Damascus. have been making gains around Syria by overrunning military bases and have been ramping up attacks on Dam-

Egypt lawmakers approve new constitution

CAIRO—Islamists approved tution for months raced to the last articles were passed Mohamed ElBaradei said, a draft constitution for Egypt early Friday without the participation of liberal and Christian members, seeking to preempt a court ruling that could dissolve their panel with a rushed, marathon vote that further inflames the conflict between the opposition and President Mohammed Morsi. The vote by the constituent assembly advanced a charter with an Islamist bent that rights experts say could give Muslim clerics oversight over legislation and bring restrictions on freedom of speech, women’s rights and other liberties. The draft, which the assembly plans to deliver to the president Saturday, must be put to a nationwide referendum within 30 days. Morsi said Thursday it will be held “soon.” The Islamist-dominated assembly that has been working on the consti-

pass it, voting article by article on the draft’s more than 230 articles for more than 16 hours. The lack of inclusion was on display in the nationally televised gathering: Of the 85 members in attendance, there was not a single Christian and only four women, all Islamists. Many of the men wore beards, the hallmark of Muslim conservatives. For weeks, liberal, secular and Christian members, already a minority on the 100member panel, have been withdrawing to protest what they call the Islamists’ hijacking of the process. “This constitution represents the diversity of the Egyptian people. All Egyptians, male and female, will find themselves in this constitution,” Essam elErian, a representative of the Muslim Brotherhood, declared to the assembly after

just after sunrise Friday. “We will implement the work of this constitution to hold in high esteem God’s law, which was only ink on paper before, and to protect freedoms that were not previously respected,” he said. The sudden rush to finish came as the latest twist in a week-long crisis pitting Brotherhood veteran Morsi and his Islamist supporters against a mostly secular and liberal opposition and the powerful judiciary. Voting had not been expected for another two months. But the assembly abruptly moved it up in order to pass the draft before Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court rules on Sunday on whether to dissolve the panel. “I am saddened to see this come out while Egypt is so divided,” Egypt’s top reform leader, Nobel Peace laureate

Suu Kyi chides crackdown on protesters M ONYWA , M YANMAR — the mine, which protesters Opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi publicly criticized the forcible crackdown on protesters at a mine in northwestern Myanmar and said Friday that the public needed an explanation of the violence that injured dozens, including Buddhist monks. At the same time, she indicated in her speech to villagers that the protesters may have to accept a compromise for the sake of national honor. Now serving in parliament after years as a political prisoner of the long-ruling junta, Suu Kyi received a hero’s welcome in the town of Monywa, where residents were rattled by the government’s biggest crackdown on demonstrations since reformist President Thein Sein took office last year. She was scheduled to visit the area before the crackdown to hear the protesters’ grievances and said she would try to negotiate or mediate in the conflict over

say is causing environmental and social problems. Speaking to a crowd of more than 10,000, Suu Kyi made the point she did not want confrontation but said people had the right to ask why the authorities cracked down so harshly on the nonviolent protesters. “I want to ask, ‘What was their purpose of doing this?’ Frankly, there’s no need to act like this,” she said, and people in the crowd shouted back: “Right!” “I’m not saying this to agitate people,” she continued. “I never persuade people by agitating. I explain to people so that they can decide by thinking.” Activists and Buddhist monks who contend the Letpadaung copper mine is causing environmental and social problems had occupied the mine for 11 days before police used water cannons, tear gas and smoke bombs to break up the protest early Thursday.

Weapons that protesters described as flare guns caused severe burns to protesters and set shelters ablaze. A nurse at a Monywa hospital said 27 monks and one other person were admitted there to be treated for burns. Suu Kyi visited with injured protesters Thursday, as well as meeting with mining company officials and local activists. She was to meet security officials Friday. She has taken a soft line on the conflict over the project, noting that many people asked her to help stop the project at once, but saying she did not know details of the original contract and a parliamentary investigating committee had yet to do its work. She went on to suggest that Myanmar should honor the contracts establishing the project, especially since they involved a neighboring country. The mine is a joint venture between a military-controlled holding company and a Chinese mining company.—AP

Napoleon’s coded letter put on sale F O N TA I N E B L E A U — T h e single line of Napoleon’s secret code told Paris of his desperate, last order against the Russians: “At three o’clock in the morning, on the 22nd I am going to blow up the Kremlin.” By the time Paris received the letter three days later, the Russian czar’s seat of power was in flames and the diminished French army was in retreat. Its elegantly calligraphic ciphers show history’s famed general at one of his weakest moments. “My cavalry is in tatters, many horses are dying,” dictated Napoleon, the oncefeared leader showing the strain of his calamitous Russian invasion, which halved his army. The rare document dated Oct. 20, 1812, signed “Nap” in the emperor’s hand and written in numeric code

is up for auction Sunday at France’s Fontainebleau Auction House. The Napoleon code, used only for top-secret letters when the French emperor was far from home, aimed to stop enemies from intercepting French army orders. The code was regularly changed to prevent it from being cracked. Napoleon must have dispatched his strongest horses and riders to carry the news: It only took three days to reach France’s interior ministry 1,540 miles (2,480 kilometers) across Europe. “This letter is unique. Not only is it all in code, but it’s the first time we see this different Napoleon. He went into Moscow in 1812 at the height of his power. He returned profoundly weakened. In Moscow, the Russians had fled days before and burnt down

the city. There was no victory for Napoleon, nor were there any provisions for his starving, dying army,” says JeanChristophe Chataignier of the auction house. The only thing left for the weakened leader was to give the order to burn Russia’s government buildings coded in the letter as “449, 514, 451, 1365...” “This letter is an incredible insight, we never see Napoleon emotively speaking in this way before,” says Chataignier. “Only in letters to (his wife) Josephine did he ever express anything near to emotion. Moscow knocked him.” In the text which announces that his commanders are evacuating Moscow Napoleon laments his army’s plight, asking for assistance to replenish his forces and the ravaged cavalry, which saw thousands of horses die.—Reuters

speaking on private Al-Nahar TV. But he predicted the document would not last long. “It will be part of political folklore and will go to the garbage bin of history.” A new opposition bloc led by ElBaradei and other liberals said the assembly had lost its legitimacy. “It is trying to impose a constitution monopolized by one trend and is the furthest from national consensus, produced in a farcical way,” the National Salvation Front said in a statement, read by Waheed Abdel-Meguid, one of the assembly members who withdrew. “The most important thing of this period is that we finish the constitution, so that we have a parliament under the constitution, elected properly, an independent judiciary, and a president who executes the law,” Morsi said.—Reuters

Turkey protests PKK book presentation in Athens I STANBUL —Turkey protested on Friday against the presentation of a book by a Kurdish militant leader in Athens, saying it undermined friendship efforts between the long-standing regional rivals. Greece and Turkey have a history of enmity which has brought them to the brink of war on several occasions, most recently in 1996. Relations have since warmed with natural disasters in both countries bringing the two NATO allies closer. Ankara, however, reacted angrily to the presentation of a book in the Greek capital’s War Museum written by Murat Karayilan, the de-facto leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) who is sought by Interpol. Turkey’s foreign ministry said Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu phoned his Greek counterpart on Thursday to complain about the event, which it described as an “extremely unfortunate development” in what it called a fight against terrorism. “It is also worrying in the sense of showing that some circles, who are uneasy about the development of Turkish-Greek friendship, are still active,” the ministry said. The PKK, which took up arms in 1984 in a campaign for autonomy in Turkey’s mainly Kurdish southeast, is listed as a terrorist organisation by Turkey, the United States and the European Union. Greece sought to play down the spat, saying it knew nothing about Wednesday’s presentation, which was privately organised. “This event has no relation whatsoever with the Greek government ... therefore, there is no issue,” the ministry’s spokesman Gregory Delavekouras said. “Greece condemns all forms of terrorism unequivocally.” The book’s translator, a former Greek army general and spy with Greece’s Intelligence Service when the PKK’s imprisoned leader Abdullah Ocalan was captured in 1999, was unimpressed.—Reuters

A resident of central Damascus told Reuters he could see black smoke rising from the east and the south of the city on Friday morning and could hear the constant boom of shelling. “Airlines are not operating to Damascus today,” said a Dubai-based airline official. EgyptAir and Emirates suspended flights to Syria on Thursday. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britishbased opposition monitoring group, said jets were bombarding targets in rural areas around Aqraba and Babilla, where rebels clashed with Assad’s forces. The Observatory’s director, Rami Abdelrahman, said the airport road was open, but there was minimal traffic. Syrian authorities said late on Thursday that the airport road was safe after security forces cleared it of ‘terrorists’ - the label Damascus uses to describe Assad’s armed opponents.—Reuters

Kuwait opposition to boycott polls K UWAIT —Opposition supporters and political activists will march in Kuwait on Friday to urge a voter boycott, one day ahead of a parliamentary election that looks unlikely to ease tensions in the U.S. ally and oil producer. Campaigners and opposition politicians, who have already said they will not stand, called the rally to protest against a change in voting rules which they argue would skew the poll in favor of pro-government candidates. The Gulf Arab state has held four parliamentary elections since 2006, after a series of assemblies collapsed due to a power struggle between elected lawmakers and a government that is appointed by a prime minister chosen by the emir. Ruler Sheikh Sabah alAhmad al-Sabah used emergency powers in October to cut the number of votes per citizen to one from four, saying the change would fix a flawed system and preserve

security and stability. In the past, candidates called on supporters to cast additional ballots for their allies. Supporters of that system say such informal affiliations are crucial in a country where political parties are banned. “I am conscious that there are those who have called for a boycott of the election,” Information Minister Sheikh Mohammad alMubarak al-Sabah said late on Thursday, state news agency KUNA reported. “I find this of great regret and I hope to the bottom of my heart that the 400,000plus Kuwaitis who have the ability to cast their vote for their preferred candidate will exercise their democratic right to do so.” The opposition, a disparate collection of moderate Islamists, Salafis and populist politicians whose bloc won a majority in the last election in February, dominated parliament until it was dissolved after a June court ruling.—Reuters

Tunisia PM refuses to resign after protests T UNIS —Tunisia’s Islamist prime minister rejected calls for his resignation on Thursday after two days of violent protests against economic hardship, and he accused opposition parties of sowing disorder. Tunisia’s Prime Minister Hamadi Jebali gestures as he speaks during an interview at the Reuters Middle East Investment Summit in Tunis. At least 200 people were injured when demonstrators demanding jobs clashed with police on Tuesday and Wednesday in Siliana, a city on the edge of the Sahara whose inhabitants have long complained of neglect. Protesters and a prominent leftist politician called upon Prime Minister Hamadi Jebali to step down after the violence. A leading trade union had called for the protests. “In democratic systems, we don’t force down governments. I’m not going to resign or dissolve the government. It’s

parliament that has authority to do that,” Jebali told a news conference. “We know who is behind these events - the opposition parties,” he said. The state news agency said police had used tear gas to try to break up further demonstrations on Thursday. The protests are the fiercest since hardline Salafi Islamists attacked the U.S. embassy in Tunis in September over an anti-Islam film made in California. That violence left four people dead. The government led by the Islamist Ennahda party to which Jebali belongs has sought to revive the economy after a fall in trade with the crisishit euro zone. Tension between secularists and Salafis over the direction of the North African state has also hit the economy, which has yet to recover from the instability that followed the toppling of autocratic leader Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali last year.—Reuters

Italian centre -left increases poll lead ahead of election R OME —Italy’s centre-left Democratic Party has increased its lead over the centre right ahead of an election expected in March, while the anti-establishment 5-Star Movement of comic Beppe Grillo has slipped slightly, a poll showed on Friday. The poll by the SWG polling institute showed the Democratic Party (PD) with 30 percent support, up from 26.7 percent a week earlier, as the party’s widely-praised primary campaign to choose its main election candidate lifted support. Grillo’s movement, which wants Italy to hold a referendum over whether to stay in the euro, saw its support slip to 19.5 percent from 21.1 percent a week earlier. Former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi’s centre-right People of Freedom party

(PDL), which has plunged into deep crisis and is on the brink of splitting apart, was third at 14.3 percent, down one percentage point from a week before. Berlusconi’s electoral intentions remain unknown after several changes of mind over whether to run or not. There has been wide speculation that he may set up a breakaway group from the PDL possibly named after Forza Italia, the party he created to launch his political career in 1994. The PD will need to seek the support of a smaller coalition partner but whether the centre left will have enough support to form a stable parliamentary majority will depend in large part on the outcome of a months-long struggle to reform the electoral system which will regulate the ballot.—Reuters


Dope testing during T-20 tournament

PCB issues four-month contracts to six players SPORTS REPORTER L AHORE —Pakistan Cricket Board is starting its first Dope testing in the Domestic competitions by introducing “Incompetition testing” during the forthcoming Faysal Bank National T-20 tournament. Pakistan Cricket Board, in order to strive for drug free sports and to protect the basic framework of protection of Athletes basic right to participate in doping- free sport and thus promote health, fairness and equality for cricketers nationwide, has introduced this In-Competition in testing, said a spokesman of PCB here on Friday. The step is taken to bring the domestic cricket at par with other test playing countries. Under the Supervision of Dr. Sohail Saleem, GM Sports medicine Department of PCB has not only prepared “Doping Code PCB” in accordance with the rules laid down by WADA but also a strategic plan for controlling, if any, doping in the country under their domain”, he added. Accordingly, Pakistan Cricket Board during the last domestic cricket season educated approximately 500 First Class Cricketers on the subject of doping. Players were educated and made aware of rule and

regulations related to Doping through lectures. They were also provided with an Urdu Guide, updated list of banned drugs and a CD for revision of doping education, he said.

Mohammad Sami, Tabish Khan and Umaid Asif, allrounder Fawad Alam and legspinner Yasir Shah have been given four-month contracts worth Rs40,000 per month from September to

Cricketers from all the regional teams participating in the T-20 Championship will randomly be picked for Dope testing. These tests will be conducted by WADA accredited independent Doping Control officers throughout the competition. The Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) has issued short term four month contracts to six cricketers who were not included in the original list of players to be given central contracts earlier this year. An official in the board confirmed that pace bowlers, Mohammad Talha,

December. “These players were given the short term contracts after the board committee and selectors reviewed their performances of late,” the official said. “These players were not included in the original list of players given central contracts and retainers in May,” he added. The players with central contracts and retainers are being paid a much higher monthly retainer as compared to the ones given the short term contracts. For instance, category ‘A‘ players in the central contracts get 313,000

3rd Test: South Africa strike back with late wickets P ERTH —South Africa hit the bat to be the second-high- Saturday’s second day would back with two wickets after Australia’s second-string pace attack dismissed the Proteas on a dramatic opening day of the third and final Test at the WACA Ground on Friday. After winning the toss and electing to bat, the Proteas were bundled out for 225 despite more heroics from Adelaide Test hero Faf du Plessis in a match that will decide the top-ranked nation in Test cricket. However, the Proteas quickly struck back with a vengeance, claiming two Australian wickets in the hour before stumps. Opener Ed Cowan was caught in slips by Jacques Kallis off pace spearhead Dale Steyn for a first-ball duck, before Shane Watson (10) was given out lbw to Vernon Philander on a decision review, after umpire Asad Rauf had turned down the initial appeal. At the close, the home team were 33 for two, with David Warner on 12 and night watchman Nathan Lyon surviving a torrid examination from Steyn in the final over of the day to be seven not out. While the South Africans were chasing a score of 300, recalled spinner Robin Peterson, who made 31 with

est scorer behind du Plessis’ unbeaten 78, said the two late wickets had renewed the team’s spirits. Batting at number seven, second Test hero du Plessis again played a lone hand in the South African first innings and teamed with the tail to add vital late runs after the Proteas had slumped to 75 for six when they lost five wickets for 14 runs either side of lunch. Debutant Australian paceman John Hastings conceded the home side had let the visitors off the hook and said the first hour of

be crucial to the outcome of the match. Australia were forced to completely revamp their fast bowling line-up for the match, with their three pacemen from the drawn Adelaide Test — Peter Siddle, Ben Hilfenhaus and James Pattinson — all ruled out. Left-armer Mitchell Johnson was recalled for his first Test in 12 months, Mitchell Starc was promoted after being 12th man for the first two matches in the series, and Hastings was handed his Test debut.—AFP

South Africa 1st Innings: Smith c Clarke b Watson16 Petersen b Starc ............ 30 H. Amla run out ............. 11 J. Kallis b Starc ................ 2 Villers c Clarke b Hastings ........................ 4 Elgar c Wade b Johnson 0 F. du Plessis not out ..... 78 R. Peterson b Lyon ....... 31 Philander b Lyon ........... 30 D. Steyn b Johnson ........ 2 Morkel b Lyon ............... 17 Extras: (lb2, w2) ............... 4 Total: (all out, 74 overs)225 Fall of wickets: 1-38, 2-61, 363, 4-67, 5-67, 6-75, 7-132, 8196, 9-206, 10-225

Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W Starc .................... 16-3-55-2 Hastings ............. 20-2-51-1 Wa t s o n ................. 9-2-22-1 Johnson .............. 17-3-54-2 Lyon .................... 12-1-41-3 Australia 1st Innings: Warner not out .............. 12 E. Cowan c Kallis b Steyn0 S. Watson lbw Philander10 N. Lyon not out ............... 7 Extras: (lb4) ...................... 4 Total: (2 wickets) ........... 33 Fall of wickets: 1-3, 2-18. Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W Steyn ..................... 6-2-21-1 Philander ................ 4-0-8-1 Morkel .................... 1-1-0-0

Hamza resigns as PSB chairman MUZAFFAR ALI L A H O R E — M N A Muhammad Hamza Shahbaz Sharif, son of Punjab’s Chief Minister Mian Shahbaz Sharif, has resigned from the key post of Chairman Punjab Sports Board. The Punjab government has accepted his resignation which he sent late yesterday night, sources said. The sources say that Election Commission barred him from addressing public meetings in Gujranwala and Narowal, two major cities in Punjab, as an official of Provincial organization few

days back that became the Punjab (SBP) will be anreason on his resignation. nounced later, sources added. It is expected that former cricketer Pakistan Cricket team Aamer Sohail, who is also the Vice-Chairman of the Board will replace him as the Chairman. The spokesperson of the Punjab Government confirming the resignation said the election commission was informed about the resignation of Hamza Shahbaz Sharif and both the public meetings in Gujranwala and Narowal The selection of new would be held according to Chairman Sports Board previous schedule.

monthly, while those given retainers also get paid around 75,000 per month. This fact obviously has left the six players unhappy. The board had faced criticism for omitting Sami and Talha in particular, from the original list after their fine performances in domestic and international cricket. Sami was neither given a central contract nor a retainer despite being named in the squad for all three formats of the game for the tour of Sri Lanka in July. The PCB, in a major blooper, also announced a retainer for Peshawar batsman Bismillah Khan who had already been banned for an altercation in a Grade-II match last season. The criticism led to the PCB chief Zaka Ashraf asking a special committee to review the whole matter and the matter was also raised at the last governing council after which the board decided to award the short term contracts. One of the players noted that they had suffered for no fault of theirs. “Now even when the board has tried to make amends it has done it half heartedly giving us four months and a low retainer. KHULNA: Tamim Iqbal and Anamul Haque added 88 for the opening wicket during Bangladesh vs West Indies, 1st There is no mention about ODI on Friday. the months wasted this year,” a player said.

Multan girls win gymnastic C’ship MULTAN—Multan girls won a gymnastic championship at inter-collegiate and inter-district (school) level at annual sports competitions 2012 organized by Multan Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (MBISE). Government Girls High School Shamasabad Multan was declared winner in the inter-district (schools) contest with 180 points on board while Government Model Girls School Khanewal secured second position with 27 points. The inter-collegiate gymnastic competition crown also went to Multan after Postgraduate Girls College Katchery Road Multan secured 87 points while girls from Superior Girls College Multan secured second berth with 56 points. In inter-district cycling competition, cyclists from Government Girls High School New Central Jail Multan won the first position.—APP

Bangladesh thump West Indies in first one-dayer

KHULNA (Bangladesh)— Tamim Iqbal and Naeem Islam scored half-centuries while Sohag Gazi took four wickets as Bangladesh beat the West Indies by seven wickets in the first one-day match in Khulna on Friday. Iqbal smashed a 51-ball 58 studded with eight fours and two sixes while Islam finished with an unbeaten 50 as the hosts achieved a modest 200run target with 9.2 overs to spare, for a 1-0 lead in the fivematch series. Gazi took 4-29, the best figures by a Bangldeshi bowler on one-day debut, to restrict the West Indies to 199 after they won the toss and opted to bat. Iqbal and Anamul Haque (41) put on a soild 88-run opening stand to ensure the hosts, who were missing key allrounder Shakib Al Hasan through injury, did not spoil the good work by their bowlers. Iqbal thumped West Indian spearhead Kemar Roach for

Aleem Dar in no mood to retire K ARACHI —Top Pakistani maker. umpire Aleem Dar has said he would not retire in the wake his criticism for some poor decisions during the IndiaEngland Mumbai Test, saying he has moved on. Dar said he would retire from the game the day he feels he cannot do his duties as international umpire properly. “Every umpire has a bad day and can make mistakes. It happens to everyone. But I will step down from the elite panel and retire from umpiring the day I feel I have lost the confidence to supervise a match properly and give decisions,” he said. Australia’s former Test great Shane Warne had lashed out at Dar in a tweet, saying he had always been a poor umpire and bad decision

Dar said he had not read Warne‘s tweet nor would bother to read it. “He has been a great player for Australia and it is his opinion. But I can`t afford to start taking all criticism to heart. For me the match is over and I have done an analysis of my performance and it is time to now move on to the next game,” Dar told Geo Super channel. Dar also said he couldn‘t comment on whether the ICC should take note of Warne‘s criticism of a elite panel umpire. “I have nothing to do with that.” Dar also said that Warne after retiring from cricket now had a new profession as media person and he had his duties to fulfil.—INP

two fours and a six in one over to reach his 24th one-day fifty before playing straight into the hands of point off spinner Sunil Narine. Haque hit seven boundaries off 62 balls before giving a return catch to West Indian skipper Darren Sammy. Islam, who hit six fours in his sedate 79-ball knock, shared a 45-run third wicket stand with Nasir Hossain (28) as the hosts comfortably registered a sweet comeback win after losing the Test series 2-0. Gayle, who hit four fours and two sixes during his 40-ball knock, gave the West Indies a sound 48-run start with Lendl Simmons (13) but once the spinners came on to bowl the batsmen struggled. The West Indies were in danger of getting out for below the 150-mark but Narine, who top-scored with 36, added 57 for the ninth wicket with Ravi Rampaul (25) to lift the total. Gazi, who also dismissed Devon Thomas for 16, ended the innings by trapping Narine leg-before in the 47th over to improve on Rubel Hossain’s 433 against Sri Lanka in Dhaka

in 2009—the previous best ODI figures on debut by a Bangladeshi. Darren Bravo also shaped well for his 41-ball 35 which included four fours and a six before he was run out as the West Indies lost their way from 100-3

to 133-8. Left-arm spinner Abdur Razzak dismissed bighitters Kieron Pollard (15) and Andre Russell (nought) before dismissing Rampaul to finish with 3-39. The second match will also be played in Khulna on Sunday.—AFP

West Indies innings: Simmons lbw b Mashrafe Mortaza ........................... 13 Gayle b Sohag Gazi ....... 35 Bravo run out ................ 35 Samuels c Mahmudullah b Sohag Gazi .................... 0 Pollard c Mashrafe Mortaza b Abdur Razzak ............. 15 Thomas b Sohag Gazi ... 16 Sammy b Mahmudullah 10 Russell b Abdur Razzak . 0 Narine lbw b Sohag Gazi 36 Rampaul c Mushfiqur Rahim b Abdur Razzak . 25 KAJ Roach not out ......... 3 Extras: (lb 1, w 10) ......... 11 Total: (all out) .............. 199 Fall of wickets 1-48, 2-48, 350, 4-100, 5-102, 6-128, 7-130, 8-133, 9-190, 10-199 Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W Mashrafe Mortaza . 9-2-39-1

Abul Hasan .......... 8-0-45-0 Sohag Gazi ........ 9.5-2-29-4 Abdur Razzak .... 10-1-39-3 Naeem Islam ......... 1-0-17-0 Mahmudullah ...... 9-0-29-1 Bangladesh innings: Tamim c Pollard b Narine58 Anamul Haque c & b Sammy ......................... 41 Naeem Islam not out ..... 50 Nasir c Pollard b Russell 28 Mushfiqur Rahim not out 16 Extras: (lb 2, w 5, nb 1) .... 8 Total: (3 wickets) ......... 201 Fall of wickets 1-88, 2-112, 3-157 Bowling: ........... O-M-R-W Samuels ................ 3-0-14-0 R Rampaul ......... 7.2-0-41-0 KAJ Roach ........... 7-0-48-0 SP Narine .............. 8-1-39-1 Sammy .................. 8-0-29-1 AD Russell ........... 7-0-28-1

Ricky Ponting was wrongly given out in his debut Test, admits Khizar BIPIN DANI OBSERVER CORRESPONDENT M UMBAI —Before the commencement of the Perth Test, which has been Ricky Ponting’s last in his career, total number of centuries scored by former captain is 41. He has to blame Pakistan’s former ICC umpire, Khizar Hayat for not being able to add one more possible to his tally. Long before the Decision Review System (DRS) was even invented Pakistani umpire Khizar Hayat provided an ironclad case for its introduction with a historical howler of a decision which still makes cringing YouTube viewing. Ponting was given lbw to Sri Lanka’s Chaminda Vaas for 96 in the first innings of his debut Test (vs. Sri

Lanka at Perth in December 1995)despite the fact the ball would have cleared the stumps by 6 in. or more. The umpire, however, has no regrets. Speaking exclusviely over his mobile from one of the hospitals in Lahore, where he went to see his ailing sister, Hayat said, “it was a long time ago and I still remember Ponting’s game. He would have scored the century in that match had he been not declared out wrongly by my mistake”. “It was unfortunate but any umpire can make mistake and I have no regrets over the incident”. The umpire was initially not upset until he saw the replay at tea. “Debutant Ricky Ponting, nine days short of his 21st birthday, was cruelly denied a hundred. Hayat

ruled him leg-before when replays showed the ball heading over the stumps. Ponting soon lent a sober perspective. “He’d been lucky to survive an outside edge first ball, he said, and besides, he would “gladly cop 96 each hit”, Wisden Almanack had noted then. Ricky Ponting’s parents, Greame and Lorraine, went to witness their son’s debut and were disappointed on Ponting missing his first Test ton. “I met Ponting in the party thereafter where we exchanged words on this”, the umpire added. “I had been to Australia thereafter (he didn’t umpire any match in Australia after this Test) and Ponting also came to Pakistan in 1998-99 season. He never showed disrespect towards me”, Hayat signed off.


Drug, alcohol abuse tied to early-life strokes

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OUNGER adults who suffered a stroke were often smokers or had abused drugs or alcohol, according to a U.S. study that looked at over 1,000 patients. Strokes are often thought of as a condition of the elderly, but researchers said long-term changes in the heart, arteries or and blood as a result of drug abuse or heavy drinking may put users at higher-than-average risk earlier in life. “Substance abuse is common in young adults experiencing a stroke,” wrote lead researcher Brett Kissela from the University of Cincinnati in the journal Stroke. “Patients aged younger than 55 years who experience a stroke should be routinely screened and counseled regarding substance abuse.” It’s also possible that some drugs, particularly cocaine and methamphetamines, may trigger a stroke more immediately, according to S. Andrew Josephson, a neurologist from the University of California, San Francisco, who has studied drug use and stroke but was not involved in the study. “We know that even with vascular risk factors that are prevalent - smoking, high blood pressure... most people still don’t have a stroke until they’re older,” he added. “When a young person has a stroke, it is probably much more likely that the cause of their stroke is something other than traditional risk factors.”

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, close to 800,000 people in the United States have a stroke every year, and they are the most common cause of serious long-term disability. One study of 2007 data found that almost five percent of people who had a stroke that year were between ages 18 and 44. The current study involved people from Greater Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky who’d had a stroke before they hit 55. The researchers reviewed medical charts for blood or urine test results of other records of substance abuse for close to 1,200 stroke patients. In 2005, the most recent year covered, just over half of young adults who suffered a stroke were smokers at the time, and one in five used illicit drugs, including marijuana and cocaine. Thirteen percent of people had used drugs or alcohol within 24 hours of their stoke. “The rate of substance abuse, particularly illicit drug abuse, is almost certainly an underestimate because toxicology screens were not obtained on all patients,” said Steven Kittner, a professor of neurology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore who also wasn’t part of the research. The rate of smoking, drug use and alcohol abuse - defined as three or more drinks per day - seemed to increase among stroke patients between the mid-1990s and the mid-2000s.

KARACHI: Shops were closed on University Road due to strike called by nationalist parties against new local government system in Sindh province.

Empowerment of women is govt’s mission STAFF REPORTER K ARACHI —Sindh Minister for Education, Pir Mazhar ul Haq in accordance with the manifesto given by Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto said the empowerment of women is the mission of the present democratic government. He was speaking at a ceremony held at Begum Raana Liaquat Ali Khan Government Girls College here on Friday for giving 14 buses to the principals of the girls colleges of various districts in the province. The Minister pointed out that in the first phase seven vans were given for the girls colleges located in the remote areas of the province. In the next phase, 20 more buses would be given, he further stated. Pir Mazhar pointed out that the Sindh Education Department has recruited 2,500 lecturers on the basis of merit. He said that 1,800 more lecturers would be hired through the Public Service Commission. The Minister also instructed the Regional Directors that furniture, lab equipment and other necessary requirements of the colleges should be met in two weeks’. He earlier cut the ribbon and handed over the keys of buses to the principals of the girls colleges. Pir Mazhar also exhorted upon the students to acquire knowledge as the strength lies in education. Sindh Secretary Education, Mukhtar soomro was also present on the occasion.

Doctors pay tribute to Ardeshir Cowasjee

Parents urged to bridge info gap on child diseases K ARACHI —It is binding upon parents to bridge the information gap on various diseases to their children as they move up the ladder and especially impart knowledge about HIV/AIDS. This was said by Nazim Jamia Naeemia, Raghib Hussain Naeemi through a special message on World AIDS Day. “It is generally regarded in our society that unethical behaviors lead to HIV/AIDS although this is only one of the factors”, he added. Transfusion of HIV infected blood is another factor responsible for this disease. ‘It is important that parents and teachers should im- ISLAMABAD: President Asif Ali Zardari chairing an extra ordinary meeting of Pakistan Red Crescent Society. part knowledge to children on this disease’, he urged.—NNI

Youth Theatre Festival at Larkana from Dec 2 K ARACHI —The

Second Youth Theatre would be organized at Larkana from December 2. This was announced by the Sindh Minister for Youth Affairs, Syed Faisal Ali Subzwari. He was presiding over a meeting held in his office here on Friday. Sindh Secretary Youth Affairs, Shoaib Ahmed Siddiqui, and Director Youth Affairs, Khurshid Ali Shaikh, and officers of the Department attended the meeting. The Second Youth Threatre Festival would be organized in Larkana from December 2 to 4. The Minister said that the every purpose of the event is the revival of the theatre among the youths. He was of the view that thretre is a powerful medium in order to express the feelings. Shoaib Siddiqui said that the youth festival organized earlier was a big success. Khurshid Shaikh said that registration forms for the Second Youth Theatre festival are available from the Arts Council of Pakistan, Larkana from 10 a.m. to six p.m.—APP

‘One Billion Rising’ campaign to be launched soon K ARACHI —Aurat Founda-

Zardari inaugurates Video Surveillance System STAFF REPORTER

K ARACHI —President Asif Ali Zardari on Friday reiterated the commitment of the government to ensure law and order and safety and security of the citizens. He said that enhancing the capacity of law-enforcing agencies and equipping them with latest technologies for effectively dealing with emergent situations and to keep the law and order situation under control was the priority area for the government. This he said while inau-

He said Ardeshir Cowasjee was a great friend and supporter of SIUT who remained in contact with the institution for over three decades that enriched SIUT with donation of 3 lithotripters housed in the Cowasjee Lithotripsy Unit dedicated to Rustom Fakirjee Cowasjee. It was recently that he donated an angiography machine to SIUT that is benefitting the underprivileged segment of the society. He remained a true friend of SIUT till his death, said Prof. Adib ul Hassan Rizvi. Dr Anwar Naqvi of SIUT said Ardeshir Cowasjee was amongst the first who pledged to donate his organs for the benefit of dying humanity. He took an active part in deceased organ donation program, said Prof. Naqvi.

cerned departments, senior officers of police and law-enforcing agencies and others. Chief Minister Sindh Syed Qaim Ali Shah, while briefing the President about the project said that the provincial government of Sindh has undertaken a number of projects aimed at improving infrastructural and operational capacities of the police and other law-enforcing authorities so as to enable them effectively deal with the challenge of maintaining law and order in the province espeK ARACHI —Sindh is prescially in the metropolis. ently in the concentrated phase of HIV/AIDS epidemic among injecting drug users, said officials associated with Enhanced HIV/AIDS Control longing to the ban outfit. Program for Sindh on Friday. Police got secret informa“Twenty seven percent tion that several criminals of to 40 percent of all injecting ban outfit are living in the drug users (IDUs) in the provarea of Manghopir. On get- ince are found to be HIV positing information Rangers cor- tive,” said doned off the area and Dr. Qamar Abbas Rizvi, of started searching for crimi- provincial program during a nals door to door. session organized to mark They also recovered 50 World AIDS Day 2012, celmobiles in target operation ebrated on December one and 250 Rangers participated every year. Dr. Qamar Abbas in this search operation. Rizvi said 15% to 47% eunuch They all were shifted to un- engaged in slave business disclosed location for further were also identified to be HIV interrogation.—Online infected.—APP

3 killed in continued city violance K ARACHI —At least three persons were killed and five sustained severe injuries in different areas of Karachi while the rangers have arrested several suspected persons of banned outfit on Friday. In the area of Shah Faisal Colony some unknown armed persons opened unprovoked firing on one shop resultantly the owner of the shop Mehdi Shah died on the spot and two other persons were wounded. In the area of Shaheed Millat, some unknown armed persons shot dead Nazar Abbas who was going to drop his daughter in school .The daughter also sustained severe injuries. On getting information police reached on the spot and shifted the dead body to hospital for autopsy. After completing legal formalities the dead body was handed over to his heirs. Later on, police registered the case and started thorough investigation. However, police claimed that the deceased was chased firstly and then killed. In another incident, the rescue workers found one dead

tion has chalked out an elaborate program to launch an international campaign KARACHI—Rich and glowing called “One billion rising” to tributes were paid to late focus on violence against Ardeshir Cowasjee for his outwomen, here on Sunday. The standing philanthropic and hulaunching ceremony will inmanitarian services at a condoclude a mela, seminar, theater lence meeting organized by by “Suaahi Abro” and a muSindh Institute of Urology and sical concert with prominent Transplantation on Friday. The music groups among the parsession held in Aga Hassan ticipants. Abedi Auditorium was preOne Billion Rising, is a sided over by Dr. Adib Rizvi the Global Campaign started founder and Director of SIUT. by Eve Ensler. It is an acIt was attended by the faculty tivist movement to end vioand staff of the institute. lence against women and Late Ardeshir Cowasjee girls. on the occasion was cited to It is being taken up by difbe an outstanding human ferent countries across the being and Pakistani. Dr. Rizvi globe to mobilize the grass said fearless writings of root communities, individual Cowasjee and his courage to STAFF REPORTER men and women, intellecturaise voice on public issues als, politicians to raise their would always be rememvoices against violence K ARACHI —A two member bered. Sindh High Court bench against women.—APP comprising Justice Sajjad Ali Shah and Justice Irfan Saadat on Friday ordered senior government officials of Sindh to submit their response on December 17, against a petition about frequent traffic jams in Karachi. Sindh Home Secretary, Inspector General of Sindh Police, DIG Traffic, Karachi Commissioner and Sindh Building Control Authority Chief have been asked to furnish the court with their reply to the complaint filed by the National Forum for Environment and Health (NFEH). NFEH President, Naeem Qureshi, has cited above mentioned officials as respondent for his petition related to violation of citizens’ right due to unchecked traffic gridlock and massive enKARACHI: The coffins of Iqbal Hussain and Dilshad Fatima, killed in firing on a car by croachments of major thoroughfares in the metropolis. unknown persons on Abu Al-Hassan Isfahani road, being carried to graveyard.

STAFF REPORTER

gurating phase-I of the project of installation of CCTV Cameras in Karachi for the purpose of better monitoring and surveillance of the port city and to keep the crime rate in check by the law enforcing agencies here at the Chief Minister House Karachi. Those who were present on the occasion included among others Governor Sindh Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ibad Khan, Chief Minister Sindh Syed Qaim Ali Shah, Chairman PPP Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Sindh provincial ministers, provincial secretaries of the con-

SHC orders officials to respond on traffic jams

body of man in the area of Saeed Abad while the Editor of local Daily Muzaffar Jilani was also wounded due to indiscriminate firing near Qauam Abad. He was shifted to Jinnah hospital. In another incident, one more man sustained injuries in Khatti hill owing to the firing of unknown armed personals. Meanwhile, the Rangers launched operation against suspected persons in the area of Manghopir and arrested several persons be-

Sindh in concentrated phase of HIV/AIDS


Vitamin D may ward off tooth decay: Study

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ITAMIN D is associated with a 50 per cent reduction in tooth de cay, according to new research. The new review of studies of children in several countries highlighted the potential role for vitamin D in helping to prevent tooth decay or dental caries. The review, published in the journal Nutrition Reviews, encompassed 24 controlled clinical trials, spanning the 1920s to the 1980s, on approximately 3,000 children in several countries. These trials showed that vitamin D was associated with an approximately 50 per cent reduction in the incidence of tooth decay. In the trials Dr Philippe Hujoel from University of Washington reviewed, vitamin D levels in children were increased through the use of supplemental UV radiation or by supplementing the children‘s diet with cod-liver oil or other products containing the vitamin. The clinical trials he reviewed were conducted in the United States, Great Britain, Canada, Austria, New Zealand and Sweden. Trials were conducted in institutional settings, schools, medical and dental practices, or hospitals. The subjects were children or young adults between the ages of 2 and 16 years, with a weighted mean age of 10 years. Hujoel‘s findings come as no surprise

to researchers familiar with past vitamin D studies. According to Dr Michael Hollick, professor of medicine at the Boston University Medical Center, “the findings from the University of Washington reaffirm the importance of vitamin D for dental health”. “Children who are vitamin D deficient have poor and delayed teeth eruption and are prone to dental caries,” he said. “Whether this is more than just a coincidence is open to debate. In the meantime, pregnant women or young mothers can do little harm by realising that vitamin D is essential to their offspring`s health. Vitamin D does lead to teeth and bones that are better mineralised,” Hujoel said in a statement. While vitamin D‘s role in supporting bone health has not been disputed, significant disagreement has historically existed over its role in preventing caries, Hujoel noted. The American Medical Association and the US National Research Council concluded around 1950 that vitamin D was beneficial in managing dental caries. The American Dental Association said otherwise - based on the same evidence. In 1989, the National Research Council, despite new evidence supporting vitamin D‘s caries-fighting benefits, called the issue “unresolved”.

CM congratulates CPNE new office bearers L AHORE —Chief Minister (CM) Punjab Mian Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif congratulated the newly elected office bearers of Council of Pakistan Newspaper Editor’s (CPNE) Standing Committee here on Friday. In a massage to newly elected president Jameel Athar and secretary general Aamir Mehmood, the CM hoped that the CPNE new office bearers will play vital role to overcome problems faced by the journalists and print media. CPNE will continue efforts for independence of journalism, speech and strengthening democracy across the country, he added.—INP

Motorcyclists riding without helmet to be fined Rs200 MUZAFFAR ALI L AHORE —The Punjab government directed the traffic police to impose fine of Rs200 on all motorcyclists travelling without helmet from the first of December without any discrimination in the city. Traffic Police Officials believe that the use of helmet is not only a legal issue but also helps motorcyclists avert head injuries in case of an accident as most of the motorcyclists die due to head injuries in accidents. Mobile Education Unit of CTP is going to arrange special briefing sessions on road safety at different educational institutions and other public places in the city. In order to make the campaign more effective and meaningful, traffic wardens have been issued special instructions. Education Wing of Traffic police has been making efforts to disseminate awareness in this connection so that the road journey for motorcyclists could be made safe and sound.

Bakery torture case

LAHORE: PPP workers protesting during a ceremony on 46th Foundation Day of Pakistan Peoples Party at Aiwan-e-Iqbal Complex, Egerton Road.

Court adjourns hearing till Dec 10

White Ribbon day celebrations starts L STAFF REPORTER LAHORE—White Ribbon day

as per the Social Institutions and Gender Index 2012, Pakistan is ranked 55th out of 86 in the list of countries violating social norms and rights concerning women. The country was ranked 94th out of 102 in the Gender Inequality Index, 2009 however this year its ranking has dropped to an alarming rate. Pakistan ranks lowest in the South Asian region in terms of GDP per capita for women. Right to education, discriminatory family codes, restricted physical integrity, son bias, restricted resources and civil liberties are some common forms of biases against women that need serious consideration. The White Ribbon Day against Gender inequalities is an international campaign ini-

celebrations 2012 started in Pakistan with the global theme: From Peace in the Home to Peace in the World: Let’s Challenge Militarism and End Violence Against Women! WRCP held a seminar followed by a Candlelight Vigil at Lahore Press Club to show solidarity with the women who are the victims of violence in any form and to show men’s pledge to end violence against women. Talking to reporters, CEO of WRCP Mr. Omer Aftab said that to stop violence against women, it is not sufficient to create awareness about women rights among women only, but it is also necessary that men should join with women to encourage norms of consent, respect and gender equality in order to promote empowered roles based STAFF REPORTER on non-violence and equality. Omer further added that L A H O R E —PML-Q leader and former deputy speaker Punjab Assembly Afzal Sahi and his brother Col (Retd) Ghulam Rasool have decided to quit PML-Q and join PML-N. PML-Q leader and former deputy speaker Punjab Assembly Afzal Sahi along with his brother Col (Retd) Ghulam Rasool met Mian Nawaz Sharif in Raiwind Friday. They announced to quit PML-Q and join PML-N. PML-N President said his party would benefit from expertise of Afzal Sahi and Col (Retd) Ghulam Rasool. Both of these leaders said people are looking for-

tiated by White Ribbon Campaign here in Pakistan. It starts from November 25- International Day against Violence against Women- and ends on December 10- International Human Rights Dayto symbolically link violence against women and human rights and to emphasize on the fact that biases of all sorts are the violation of human rights. With such activities, the campaign aims to express its support towards free will of individuals, be it men or women, in order to raise voice and create awareness about discriminatory behaviours and practices against women. White Ribbon Campaign Pakistan is a project of Women’s Empowerment Group and Vision 2015.

STAFF REPORTER

AHORE —A judicial magistrate of Lahore Cantt Court adjourned the hearing of bakery torture till December 10. Ali Imran, son-in-law of Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif, along with seven other accused appeared before the court but no witnesses or complaint appeared before the court. The court adjourned the hearing and summoned all the parties for December 10. Last month, CCTV footage surfaced showing a woman entering the bakery and asking for service. The employee refused to entertain her request as the bakery was closed for cleaning. Later the video showed the elite force beating the bakery employee. The elite force officials were allegedly the bodyguards of Ali Imran.

Sahi brothers join PML-N ward to Mian Nawaz Sharif for a robustly stable Pakistan on economic front. Meanwhile PML-N President Mian Nawaz Sharif has said adoption of resolution by UN on according status of observer state to Palestine with overwhelming majority is significant movement forward towards independence of people of Palestine. In his message PML-N President has congratulated people of Palestine over acquiring of non member state status by Palestine in UN. He said that people of Palestine had been suffering untold tribulations and rendering unprecedented sacrifices during the last six decades for the cause of their

freedom. People of Pakistan are proud of unqualified and potent support they have been extending to the people of Palestine in their just struggle for independence, he remarked. This unremitting support will continue to remain fundamental principle of our policy, he added. It owes to international community to ensure implementation of UN Security Council resolutions for the establishment of an independent and sovereign state of Palestine so that the people of Palestine who are being subjected to endless atrocities since long could seek freedom to live a dignified life, he stressed.

LAHORE: PML-N central leader Maryam Nawaz with students from LUMS University after their meeting.

Lands record being computerised in 22 districts: Shahbaz SALIM AHMED L AHORE —Punjab Chief Minister, Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that as a result of computerization of land record in the province no one will be able to exploit the people in obtaining the “Fard” of their property and they will also get rid of land mafia. He said that computerization of land record is being carried out expeditiously in 22 districts of the province. He said that 26 service centres have been made operational while the process of data entry in other 12 districts will soon be started. He said that despite spending millions of rupees in the last era, no progress was made towards land record computerization. But, he said, Muslim League-N government has also turned this graveyard of corruption into monument to development. He was presiding over a high level meeting regarding Land Record Management Information System (LRMIS). Provincial Law Minister Rana Sanaullah Khan, Senior Member Board of Revenue, Secretary Information, Commissioner Lahore Division, DCO Lahore, Chairman Punjab Information Technology Board, Project Director LRMIS, DCO Lodhran besides concerned officials were also present. The Chief Minister said that Land Record Informa-

PML-N not finalized candidates: Pervaiz Rashid STAFF REPORTER L AHORE —The spokesman of Pakistan Muslim LeagueN, Senator Pervaiz Rashid has dispelled the impression, created in a section of press that the PML-N has finalized the selection of its candidates for the forthcoming general elections, at any level, and that district committees, established by PML-N, are performing this task. Senator Pervaiz Rashid said that, in accordance with the constitution of Pakistan Muslim League-N, the selection of candidates for the national and provincial assemblies, taking part in the forthcoming general elections, is made through central and provincial parliamentary boards, which initiate their work, after the announcement of the date of general elections. The candidates are asked to submit their formal applications and, after conducting detailed interviews with them, the final decision is taken in this regard, through the parliamentary board, he added.

tion System is a public welfare and revolutionary programme of the Punjab government which is being speedily implemented. He said that as a result of this programme, people will get rid of the existing centuries old exploitative culture. He said that the masses will be saved from the corruption of Patwris and Tehsildars and such a speedy and corruption- free system will come into existence which will give an easy access to the people to information and documents regarding their land. He said that Punjab government is following the policy of promotion of transparency in every sector and computerization of the record of land and properties is a part of this policy. He said that under this system, people will not face any difficulty in obtaining the Fard of their property in a corruption-free manner. The Chief Minister di-

rected that qualified IT experts should be recruited on merit for this project. He further directed that the process of settlement of land should be completed as early as possible in Lahore. He said that this project has been started for the benefit of the people and therefore an effective campaign should be launched to apprise them of the importance of the project. He said that no concrete progress was made regarding implementation of the project in the tenure of last government, however, the present government has taken solid measures for this purpose due to which land record has been computerized in many districts. He said that administration of the top three districts showing outstanding performance in land computerization will be rewarded. He directed that the project should be implemented in a professional manner and Punjab Informa-

tion Technology Board should extend all out technical assistance in this regard. The Chief Minister directed Senior Member of Board of Revenue that the process of transfer of state land to the government in each district should immediately be started. The Chief Minister expressed satisfaction over the pace of LRMIS and described this programme as a milestone in the elimination of corruption. The Chief Minister was given a detailed briefing regarding the pace of implementation of land record management information system. It was informed that about 900 villages have been made operational under this modern system while the number of service centres is also being increased. The citizens can contact on universal number 042-111-222-277 for getting information about their land and solution of their problems.


E-Paper Dec 01, 2012