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National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

ii

CONTENTS 01 Conference Programme 13 Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (A) DAY 1 19 Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (B) DAY 1 25 Education (A) DAY 1 32 Education (B) DAY 1 39 Health, Health Education, & Environment (A) DAY 1 44 Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 1 49 Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology DAY 1 56 Social Science/Humanities Day 1 62 Business, Business and General Education, & Governance DAY 2 69 Education DAY 2 74 Health, Health Education, & Environment (A) DAY 2 81 Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 2 86 Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (A) DAY 2 93 Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (B) DAY 2 99 Social Science/Humanities Day 2 105 DACUN Research Committee 105 DACUN Working Committee

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


1

PROGRAMME Day 1: February 06, 2014 (Thursday) 7:00 – 9:00 a.m.

Registration

9:01 – 9:10 a.m. Invocation Philippine National Anthem 9:11 – 9:20 a.m. Welcome Address PROF. MIGUEL D. SOLEDAD President, Davao Colleges and Universities Network, Inc. President and CEO, Davao Doctors College 9:21 – 9:30 a.m. Message DR. ANTHONY C. SALES Regional Director, Department of Science and Technology –Region XI 9:31 – 9:35 a.m. Rationale of the Conference DR. RENAN P. LIMJUCO Chair, DACUN Research Committee Research Director, University of the Immaculate Conception 9:36 – 9:40 a.m. Presentation of Delegates DR. LUCILA T. LUPO Vice-Chair, DACUN Research Committee Research Director, Davao Doctors College 9:41 – 9:50 a.m. BREAK 9:51 – 10:50 a.m. Plenary 1 Defining Institutional Research Culture for Higher Education Institution’s Typology DR. ALLAN B. DE GUZMAN Professor of Education and Research College of Education/The Graduate School University of Santo Tomas 10:51 – 11:20 a.m. Plenary 2 Understanding Publication Bibliometrics: Knowledge of Scopus and Elsevier DR. GENARO V. JAPOS President, Philippine Association of Institutions for Research 11:21 – 12:00 p.m. Plenary 3 Writing Research Report of Experimental Study - Part 1 DR. CARLO P. MAGNO Outstanding Young Scientist 2011 DOST-National Academy of Science and Technology, Philippines 12:01 – 1:00 p.m.

Lunch Cultural Presentation (Assumption College of Davao)

1:10 – 6:05 p.m. Concurrent Sessions for Faculty Announcement of Winners

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

CONFERENCE


National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

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PROF. KARI ANN V. BITGUE Research Director, Holy Cross of Davao College Master of Ceremony Day 2: February 07, 2014 8:00 – 9:00 a.m.

Registration

9:01 – 9:10 a.m. Invocation Philippine National Anthem 9:11 – 9:20 a.m. Welcome Address DR. LINELL G. MALIMBAG VP- Academic Affairs, Brokenshire College 9:21 – 9:30 Message DR. SYLVIA B. CONCEPCION Chancellor, University of the Philippines Mindanao 9: 31 – 9: 40 Announcements of Conference Awards Excellence in National Research Conference Engagement 2014 Best Paper National Research Leadership Institutional Awards 2014 9:41 – 9:50 a.m.

BREAK

9:51 – 10:00 a.m. Cultural Presentation Philippine Women’s College 10:01 - 10:10 a.m. Message DR. RAUL C. ALVAREZ, JR. Director IV Commission on Higher Education Region XI 10:11 - 10:40 a.m. Publication and Authorship – Part 2 DR. CARLO P. MAGNO Outstanding Young Scientist 2011 DOST-National Academy of Science and Technology, Philippines 10:41 – 11:05 Message FR. JOEL E. TABORA, SJ President, Ateneo de Davao University President, Davao Association of Catholic Schools 11:06 - 12:00 p.m. Plenary 4 Advanced Studies of Multiphase Flows in Pipes Dr. Stamatis Kalogerakos Cranfield University, United Kingdom 12:00-1:00 p.m.

Lunch

1:10 – 6:05 pm Concurrent Sessions for Students Announcement of Winners DR. RENAN P. LIMJUCO Research Director, University of the Immaculate Conception Master of Ceremony

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


3

Time

BUSINESS, BUSINESS and GENERAL EDUCATION, & GOVERNANCE (A) FACULTY Title

Presenter

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Driving Forces of Economic Growth in Asia: The Role of Population Age Structure

Edgardo Cruz

University of Southeastern Philippines

1:30 – 1:45

Entrepreneurial Capabilities of School Heads in Relation to the Organization Performance of Selected Catholic Schools in Region XI: Basis for an Intervention Program

Lorna Flores

University of the Immaculate Conception

1:50 – 2:05

Factors Affecting Foreign Direct Investment: The Case of the Philippines

Agustina Tan Cruz

University of Southeastern Philippines

2:10 – 2:25

The Five-Year Operation of Holy Cross of Davao College – Babak Branch

Susan Cruz

Holy Cross of Davao College

2:30 – 2:45

The Employability Mapping of UIC Business Gradates: A Reflection of Program Effectiveness

Presentacion Acosta

University of the Immaculate Conception

2:50 – 3:05

Operation Management and Corporation Image in Relation to Judith Ambalong Customer Loyalty to Restaurant Industry In Region XI

3:05 – 3:25

Assumption College of Davao

BREAK

3:25 – 3:45

Corporate Practices and Personal Satisfaction of the ACES Polytechnic College

Dunhill Bilog

University of the Immaculate Conception

3:50 – 4:05

Determinants of Investment on ASEAN Countries

Karlo Martin Caramugan

University of Southeastern Philippines

4:10 – 4:25

TQM Capability and Performance Effectiveness of the Dean and the Program Heads of College of Business of HCDC

Luzviminda Ates

Holy Cross of Davao College

4:30 – 4:45

Business Simulation Laboratory: An Experiential Learning Tool for Business Colleges and Universities in Davao City

Mary Jane Amoguis

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:50 – 5:05

Self-Concept and Skills Competency of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Accredited Supreme Court Mediators

Rolando Gañac

Rizal Memorial College

5:10 – 5:25

Organizational Behavior and Job Performance of Teachers in ICT Schools

Melannie Ramayla

AMA Computer College of Davao

5:30 – 5:45

Teacher Efficacy of Engineering and ICT Schools in Davao Region

April Evangelista

John Paul II College of Davao

Stream: Category:

BUSINESS, BUSINESS and GENERAL EDUCATION, & GOVERNANCE (B) FACULTY

1:10 – 1:25

Supply Chain Improvement of Durian Industry in Region XI

Joeteddy Bugarin

University of Southeastern Philippines

1:30 – 1:45

Hawking in Davao City: View from Afar

Fritzie Macunlay

Holy Cross of Davao College

1:50 – 2:05

Collective Bargaining Agreement and Employees’ Productivity

Amylyn Labasano

Brokenshire College

2:10 – 2:25

Suppliers’ Preferences for Local Retailers

Lywylyn Mendoza

Holy Cross of Davao College

2:30 – 2:45

Organizational Justice, Psychological Contract and Organizational Commitment of Bank Employees in Region XI

Doris Marie Pateño

St. Mary’s College of Tagum, Inc.

2:50 – 3:05

Assessing Needs and Designing a Computer Training Module for Secondary Senior Students

Marites Tabanao

Holy Cross of Davao College

3:05 – 3:25

BREAK

3:25 – 3:45

Conceptual Knowledge and Facets of Understanding in Mathematics among Freshmen College Students in Tagum City

Flora May Odtojan

St. Mary’s College of Tagum, Inc.

3:50 – 4:05

Validation of a Workbook in Writing for Secondary Students

Mary Ann Martinez

Palawan State University-Cuyo

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Stream: Category:


National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

4

4:10 – 4:25

4:30 – 4:45

The Metacognitive Process of Student Teachers and the Academic Performance of Freshmen Students in English 2

Ramil Cubelo

English Teachers’ Experience of Supportive Relationships with Colleagues among the Private Schools of Tagum City

Socorro Neri St. Mary’s College of Tagum, Inc.

4:50 – 5:05

Teachers’ Profile, Characteristics and Student Achievement in Science and Mathematics in the RVM Secondary Schools in Southern Mindanao

5:10 – 5:25

The Effectiveness of Linguistic Mimicry to Improve English Janice Bone Language Skills of College Students

Stream: Category: Time

Brokenshire College

Sylvia Pidor

University of the Immaculate Conception John Paul II College of Davao

EDUCATION (A) FACULTY Title

Presenter

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Language Learning Strategies and Self-Concept as Predictors of Language Tasks Performance

Dante Calamba

University of the Immaculate Conception

1:30 – 1:45

Teaching Performance of Faculty and Learning Outcome of Students of the University of Mindanao

Lenziel Tolon

University of Mindanao

1:50 – 2:05

Preferred Learning Styles of Criminology Students

Ida Tudy

Cor Jesu College – Digos

2:10 – 2:25

Portfolio Assessment in Field Study Courses: A Student Teacher’s Perspective

Ma. Melanie Edig

University of Mindanao – Tagum

2:30 – 2:45

Improving Problem Solving Skills in Fraction of Grade Six Pupils Through Collaborative Learning

Pablo Busquit

Rizal Memorial College

2:50 – 3:05

Cognitive Reading Strategies in Enhancing Reading Skills and Abigail Aga-Navales in Solving One-Step Math Word Problems

3:05 – 3:25

Holy Cross of Davao College

BREAK

3:25 – 3:45

Instructional Competence of Fishery Arts Teachers of Compostela Valley Province: Basis For Enhanced Supervisory Program

Delia Rosario

Rizal Memorial College

3:50 – 4:05

Mga Piling Bersong Cuyunon Bilang Kagamitang Pampagtuturo ng Panitikan sa Antas ng Kolehiyo

Teresita Gacot

Palawan State Univeristy Cuyo

4:10 – 4:25

Teacher Facilitated Cheating in the National Achievement Test

Roni Palmero-Mines

Assumption College of Davao

4:30 – 4:45

Comparative Study of Coping Strategies of the Male and Female College Students of Assumption College of DavaoSunday Classes

Elsa Duyan-Villanueva

Assumption College of Davao

4:50 – 5:05

Portrait of an 88 Year-Old Educator: A Legacy For Young Academicians

Gloria Gempes

University of Mindanao

5:10 – 5:25

Exposure to the English Linguistic Environment, Affective Filters and the Writing Competence of Students

Joan Natad

University of the Immaculate Conception

5:30 – 5:45

Characterizing the Competencies of the Academic Deans among Higher Education Institutions in Davao City

Genaro Alderite Jr.

San Pedro College – Davao

5:50 – 6:05

The Use of e-Learning Management System (Elms) and the Grammar Proficiency of the Grade Six Pupils of the University of the Immaculate Conception

Virgion Mamonong

University of the Immaculate Conception

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


5

Time

EDUCATION (B) FACULTY Title

Presenter

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Institutional Assessment Using the HCDC Balanced Scorecard: Basis for a Five Year Development Plan

Susan Cruz

Holy Cross of Davao College

1:30 – 1:45

Retired Academicians in Focus: Fears Challenges and Dreams

Gerlieta Ruiz

University of Mindanao

1:50 – 2:05

Texting Practices and Grammar Proficiency among Tertiary Students in Selected HEI’s

Lilian Dupa

University of the Immaculate Conception

2:10 – 2:25

Assessment Practices of Teachers and the Level of the Geometrical Thinking Skills of 3rd Year Students among Private Schools in Tagum City

Analyn Nercuit

St. Mary’s College of Tagum Inc.

2:30 – 2:45

The Influence of Grammar and Vocabulary Proficiency on Speaking Competency of the Education Students

Maureen Aguisando

University of the Immaculate Conception

2:50 – 3:05

Affective Filters and Analytic Description of Spoken Language of Grade Six Students of Jose Maria College

Josefina Ortega

Jose Maria College

3:05 – 3:25

BREAK

3:25 – 3:45

Oral Communicative Competence of Second Year Hotel and Restaurant Management Students in the University of the Immaculate Conception

Danilo Baradillo

University of the Immaculate Conception

3:50 – 4:05

Factors Affecting Students’ Decision to Drop Out of School

Erikka June Forosuelo

Cor Jesu College – Digos

4:10 – 4:25

Students’ Misconceptions in Some Biological Concepts

Orcheliza Paramo

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:30 – 4:45

Acceptance of the Term System in Relation to the Faculty and Student Performance in the Graduate School Program of the University of Mindanao

Rinante Genuba

University of Mindanao

4:50 – 5:05

Skill Performance and Clinical Core Competency Level of Clinical Pharmacy Graduates of the University of the Immaculate Conception: Basis for Curricular Enhancement

Ferlien May Baula

University of the Immaculate Conception

5:10 – 5:25

Davao Doctors College Tracer Study of Bachelor of Science in Nursing

Mary Ann Conception Pia

Davao Doctors College

5:30 – 5:45

Professional Image, Anger Management and Instructional Leadership of Non- Sectarian School Administrators

Nelia Pacaña

St. Mary’s College of Tagum, Inc.

Stream: Category: Time

HEALTH, HEALTH EDUCATION & ENVIRONMENT (A) FACULTY Title

Presenter

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Factors Determining the Knowledge and Awareness of HIV among High School Senior Students in Davao City

Thelma Alderite

University of the Immaculate Conception

1:30 – 1:45

Bioactivity of Some Philippine Mangrove Species using Brine Shrimp Lethality Assay

Charles Anthon Cadorna

Philippine Women’s College

1:50 – 2:05

The Effectivity of Mayana (Coleus Scutellariodes L. Benth) Leaf Extract as an Alternative for Lugol’s Iodine in Staining Common Protozoan Parasites

Queen Jane Bacon

University of the Immaculate Conception

2:10 – 2:25

Birds Species Updates Within the Protected Area in Southern Philippines

Geonyzl Alviola

Davao Doctors College

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Stream: Category:


National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

6

2: 30 – 2:45 2:50 – 3:05

Antibacterial Activity of Avocado (Persea Americana) Peel Extract against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Multi-Drug Resistant Clinical Isolates Exploring the Dimensions of Filipino College Students’ Condom-Use Self Efficacy

3:05 – 3:25

Rvin John Servillon

University of the Immaculate Conception

Henry Encabo

Brokenshire College

BREAK

3:25 – 3:45

Motivating Men Who Have Sex with Men Closet Gays to Get Tested for HIV

Elizabeth Malonzo

Brokenshire College

3:50 – 4:05

Phytoremediation Potentials of Selected Tropical Plants against Lead (Pb)

Juvie Pauline Relacion

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:10 – 4:25

Radiographic Competence of Radiologic Technologists Between Film-Screen System and Computed Radiography in Exposure Technique Factor Selection

Dannalyn Ibañez

Davao Doctors College

4:30 – 4:45

Physical and Chemical Parameters of Selected River Waters in Davao City

Noel Laud

University of the Immaculate Conception

Stream: Category:

HEALTH, HEALTH EDUCATION & ENVIRONMENT (B) FACULTY

Time

Title

Presenter

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Preliminary Acute Toxicological Analysis and Profiling of a Commercially Available Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) Xanthone Capsule

Kenny James Merin

University of the Immaculate Conception

1:30 – 1:45

Achieving Optimal Administration of Medications with a Lean Clinical Pharmacy Team in a Tertiary Healthcare Institution

Anabelle Ribo

University of the Immaculate Conception

1:50 – 2:05

Profiling and Monitoring of Seagrasses: Marine Ecosystem Stewardship of Holy Cross of Davao College

April Demerin

Holy Cross of Davao College

2:10 – 2:25

Climate Literacy of Davao City Residents in Coastal Areas: Basis for the Development of an Information Brochure

Ma. Teresa Gravino

University of the Immaculate Conception

2: 30 – 2:45

Prospective ex vivo Determination of Food Glycemic Index by Yeast Fermentation System

Mary Jane Barluado

University of the Immaculate Conception

2:50 – 3:05

Post Trauma Stress Syndrome Due to Militarization Activities

Dennis Padernilla

University of Mindanao

3:05 – 3:25

BREAK

3:25 – 3:45

Factors Affecting Smoking Habits among Davao City Youth from Selected Schools

Teresita Adriano

University of the Immaculate Conception

3:50 – 4:05

Thin-Layer Chromatography and Bioautography Analyses of Active Phytochemicals in Knobweed (Hyptiscapitata, Lamiaceae) Dried Leaf Extract

Rogelio Rivera Jr.

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:10 – 4:25

Type of Examination, Academic Preparation and Performance of BSN III Students of Davao Doctors College

Joseph Omar Apolinar

Davao Doctors College

4:30 – 4:45

Training Needs Analysis of Barangay Health Workers of Davao City

Louie Dagangon

Davao Doctors College

4:50 – 5:05

Environmental Awareness and Responsibility among Riverside Residents at Bankerohan River Davao City

Vicente Montaño

University of Mindanao

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


7

Time

MATH (Math Education, Pure and Applied), ENGINEERING and TECHNOLOGY FACULTY Title

Presenter

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Characterization of Quasi-Invertible Matrix

Ruben Cordero Jr.

University of Mindanao

1:30 – 1:45

Profiling the Flood in the University of the Immaculate Conception Annex Campus

Ramon Hinlog Jr.

University of the Immaculate Conception

1:50 – 2:05

Acceptability and Shelf Like of Chocolate Cookies Formulated from Breadnut Seed

Severina Velos

Cebu Technological University

2:10 – 2:25

Materials Testing for Commercial, Oxo–Biodegradable and Laboratory–Made Plastics

Roxanne Ozoa

University of the Immaculate Conception

2: 30 – 2:45

Development and Utilization of a Modified Resonator Tube Apparatus for Sound Wave Experiments

Alwielland Bello

Bukidnon State University

2:50 – 3:05

Assessment of the Electrical Energy Utilization of the University of the Immaculate Conception

Ma. Nanette Casquejo

University of the Immaculate Conception

3:05 – 3:25

BREAK

3:25 – 3:45

Estimating Program Effect of the 6 Unit English: The Difference-In-Differences Estimator

Adrian Tamayo

University of Mindanao

3:50 – 4:05

Crime Pattern Identification Using Apriori Algorithm With GIS Mapping

Eric John Emberda

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:10 – 4:25

Alternative Transistorized Hearing Aid: Sound Amplifier

Limic de la Calzada II

Cebu Technological University

4:30 – 4:45

Self-Assessment on the Significance of SAP B1 Integration through Learning Experiences: A Basis for Enhancement of the ERP Subject Module

Kristine Mae Adlaon

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:50 – 5:05

Computational Modeling and Simulation of a Clinical Linear Alwielland Bello Accelerator Performance for General Radiotherapy Purposes

Bukidnon State University

5:10 – 5:25

IT Needs Assessment of the Non-Teaching Personnel of the University of the Immaculate Conception

Cesar Ian Benablo

University of the Immaculate Conception

5:30 – 5:45

UM Hasnet.com Project of the Electronics and Communication Engineering: An Evaluation

Rolieven Cañizares

University of Mindanao

Stream: Category: Time

SOCIAL SCIENCE/ HUMANITIES FACULTY Title

Author

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Cultural Diversity and Social Behavior of Fourth Year High School Students: An Ethnographic Study

Joseph Militante and Florence Rivera

Rizal Memorial College

1:30 – 1:45

Traditional Culinary Arts: The Recipes of Davao’s Ten Tribes

Glyd Jun Arañes

Philippine Women’s College

1:50 – 2:05

The Popularity and Acceptability of Ultimate Fighting Francis Kenneth Canono Championships among the Aficionados and Sports Enthusiast

University of the Immaculate Conception

2:10 – 2:25

Self-Motivation of Lumads and Family Factors on Career Guidance Capability: An Ethnographic Study

Norberto Teodoro

Rizal Memorial College

2: 30 – 2:45

Catholic Identity through the Lens of the Stakeholders of Catholic Schools

Randy Tudy

Cor Jesu College – Digos

2:50 – 3:05

Loco Parentes Support on Scouting Activities and Leadership Potentials of Boy Scout

Pelicardo Pantaleon Jr

Rizal Memorial College

3:05 – 3:25

BREAK

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Stream: Category:


National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

8

3:25 – 3:45

The Essence of Notetaking

Armando Parantar

University of the Immaculate Conception

3:50 – 4:05

Discourse Analysis of Persuasive Language in Philippine Print Advertising

Edroslyn Fernandez

Holy Cross of Davao College

4:10 – 4:25

Competing Standpoints of Code-switching in Classroom Instruction of the Pre-Service Secondary Teachers

Prescila Baquerfo

Saint Mary’s College of Tagum, Inc.

4:30 – 4:45

Organizational Culture and Work Performance among the Higher Educational Institutions in Region XI, Philippines

Maria Dynah Petilona

Brokenshire College of Davao

4:50 – 5:05

The Hardy-Weinberg Principle in the Transmission of Selected Phenotypic Traits in a Random-Mating Population

Mary Jane Barluado

University of the Immaculate Conception

5:10 – 5:25

Teachers’ Self-Efficacy and Learning Outcomes of the Grade Six Students

April Jean Pacilan

St. Mary’s College of Tagum, Inc.

5:30 – 5:45

Information Technology Strategic Management of Higher Education Institutions and Competence of Technical Teachers Roberto Diamante in Relation to the Computing Skills of Students

Stream: Category: Time

John Paul II College of Davao

BUSINESS, BUSINESS EDUCATION AND GOVERNANCE STUDENT Title

Presenter

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Street Food Business: Its Prospects and Opportunities

Christine Mae Limosnero

Holy Cross of Davao College

1:30 – 1:45

Understanding Networking: Marketing Attributes Vis-À-Vis Motivation and Downside

Orlando Rubi

University of the Immaculate Conception

1:50 – 2:05

Banking Industry Preferred Skills and Employability Skills of Graduating Marketing Students in Selected Tertiary Schools in Davao City

Rose Tabañag

Assumption College of Davao

2:10 – 2:25

Level of Knowledge and Consumer Response on Integrated Marketing Communication of Selected Fast Food Centers in Davao City

Stephanie Anne Soriano

University of the Immaculate Conception

2: 30 – 2:45

Enrolment Management and Students Satisfaction on Enrolment Procedure

Rosebell A. Sta. Teresa

Holy Cross of Davao College

2:50 – 3:05

Relationship Between the Academic Performance of Students in Computer-Based Training and Seamanship 3M Subject

Jay Mark Geonzon

Holy Cross of Davao College

3:05 – 3:25 3:25 – 3:45 3:50 – 4:05 4:10 – 4:25 4:30 – 4:45

BREAK Job Performance of Police Desk Officers in Selected Police Precincts in Davao City The Marketability of an Event Organizing Business in Davao City Police Performance of Davao City Police Office (DCPO) as Perceived by Detainees of Selected Stations in Davao City A Research for the Evaluation of Establishing a Vegan Concept Business in Davao City

Franciz Regidor

Holy Cross of Davao College

Hancel Marquez

University of the Immaculate Conception

Arlene Cervantes

Holy Cross of Davao College

Michael Dan P. Dionaldo

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:50 – 5:05

Holy Cross of Davao College Criminology Students’ Crisis and Disaster Response Preparedness: Basis for Designing a College Crisis Response Program

Carlo Sobrio

Holy Cross of Davao College

5:10 – 5:25

Challenges in Synthesis 101: Accountancy Students Experience

Mechelle Duero

Holy Cross of Davao College

5:30 – 5:45

Exploring the Holy Crossian Culture of Discipline

Ivy Camille Aritcheta

Holy Cross of Davao College

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


9

Time

EDUCATION STUDENT Title

Presenter

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivating Factors for Choosing Bachelor of Science in Marine Transportation Profession

Mark Anthony Baladiang

Holy Cross of Davao College

1:30 – 1:45

Cyclic Permutation: Getting Familiar with the Underlying Theories of Content and Instruction

Alice Delos Reyes

University of the Immaculate Conception

1:50 – 2:05

Psychological, Academic and Board Examination Scores of BSN Graduates: A Correlation Study

Kariel Agustin

Davao Doctors College

2:10 – 2:25

Attitude, Self-Efficacy and Students’ Academic Performance In Mathematics

Cristian Camañan

Cor Jesu College – Digos

2: 30 – 2:45

Dora the Explorer and Barney & Friends Educational Cartoons In ESL– Early Childhood Literacy

Charlyn Gasit

Holy Cross of Davao College

2:50 – 3:05

On Roots and Powers of Imaginary Numbers: Exploration of Higher Concepts and Development of a Learning Strategies

Merjellie Jane Santiago

University of the Immaculate Conception

3:05 – 3:25

BREAK

3:25 – 3:45

On Mathematical Induction: Revisitation of its Technique for Classroom Instruction

Ressa Mae Onsing

University of the Immaculate Conception

3:50 – 4:05

Perception on Personal Characteristics of the Nursing Faculty of Davao Doctors College in Relation to Faculty of Davao Doctors College in Relation to Student Satisfaction

Aubrey Bonnet Dipaling

Davao Doctors College

4:10 – 4:25

On Proving Derivative Formula Involving Trigonometry Functions: Revisitation of the Concepts for the Development of a Learning Module

Paolo Gaudencio Naval

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:30 – 4:45

The Views of Social Work Educators, Practitioners and Students about Basic Sign Language Education in Davao City

Maria Helinda Mateo

Holy Cross of Davao College

4:50 – 5:05

Theory and RLE Grades and the NCM Comprehensive Examination Results of BSN 3 Students of Davao Doctors College S.Y. 2012 – 2013: A Correlations Study

Ian Kristoffer Dagala

Davao Doctors College

Stream: Category: Time

HEALTH, HEALTH EDUCATION & ENVIRONMENT (A) STUDENT Title

Presenter

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Type of Leaf Margin as Indicator of Temperature Change in the Mountainous Area of Marilog District and Kaputian Island Garden City of Samal (IGACOS)

Evan Kayee Fancobila

San Pedro College – Davao

1:30 – 1:45

Ecological Importance of Formicide Species within a Protected Area

Rena Gonzales

Davao Doctors College

1:50 – 2:05

Species Accounts of ANURANS within the Protected Area

John Lemuel Sedayao

Davao Doctors College

2:10 – 2:25

Awareness, Attitudes and Practice of Residents in Tugbok District, Davao City on Infection and Prevention of Schistomiasis

Ralph Hueber Boga

University of the Immaculate Conception

2: 30 – 2:45

The Antibacterial Activity of the Ointment Formulation from Sambong (Bluemeabalsamifera), Tuba-tuba (Jatrophacurcas), Buyo (Piper Betle), Bugang (Saccharumpontaneum) and Panyawan (Tinosphorarumphii) Located in Tamugan, Davao River against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

Althea Mae Catacutan

San Pedro College - Davao

2:50 – 3:05

The Level of Compliance on Hand Hygiene among Health Care Providers in a Tertiary Hospital in Davao City

Almotayri Ibrahim

Davao Doctors College

3:05 – 3:25

BREAK

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Stream: Category:


National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

10

3:25 – 3:45

Clinical Application of Theoretical Knowledge on Exposure Factor Selection and Radiation Protection among Radiographers In Davao City

Kevin Ace Artil

Davao Doctors College

3:50 – 4:05

Quality Assessment on Randomly Selected Commercially Available Ophthalmic Solutions in Davao City

Thessaly Ngo

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:10 – 4:25

The Efficacy of 3% Hydrogen Peroxide and Multipurpose Solutions as Disinfectants for Soft Contact Lenses: A Comparative Study

Edison Mari Ang

Davao Doctors College

4:30 – 4:45

Sports Rehabilitation Program and Wellness Profile of Selected Intramurals Players of Davao Doctors College

Derek Dale Bayquen

Davao Doctors College

4:50 – 5:05

Level of Awareness and of Motivation to Avail Vasectomy

Kent Jasper Lumbong

Brokenshire College

Stream: Category: Time

HEALTH, HEALTH EDUCATION & ENVIRONMENT (B) STUDENT Title

Presenter

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Development of a Microbial Growth Medium Using Durian (Durio zibethenus L.) Husk and Seed Extract and Power as Sole Nutrient Source

April Joy Parilla

University of the Immaculate Conception

1:30 – 1:45

A Correlational Study on Glucose, Cholesterol, and Uric Acid Level in Saliva, Urine and Blood

Junelle Burgos

University of the Immaculate Conception

1:50 – 2:05

In Vitro Inhibition Using Avocado (Persea Smericana) Extract Towards Mycelial Growth Of Fursarium Oxysporum F.S.P. Cuberse (FOC) Tropical Race 4

Zhander Vohr Soreño

University of Minadanao

2:10 – 2:25

The Effects of Lens Tints on the Visual Performance of the Security Guards at Davao Doctors College

William Victor Sasam

Davao Doctors College

2: 30 – 2:45

The Effectivity of Different Colored Polarized Lenses on the Contrast Sensitivity among Cataract Patients

Leanne Jeanne Encarnacion

Davao Doctors College

2:50 – 3:05

PharmAlert: A Text-Prompt Intervention Program on Improving the Medication Adherence of Hypertensive and Diabetic Patients in Buhangin Proper, Davao City

3:05 – 3:25

San Pedro College – Davao

BREAK

3:25 – 3:45

Public Awareness, Perception and Confidence Regarding the Physical Therapy Profession in Davao City

Justin Poll Benedict Manalang

Davao Doctors College

3:50 – 4:05

Coastal and Marine Water Zone Plan by the City Planning and Development Office as Perceived by Selected Beach Owners in the Island Garden City of Samal

Blair V. Rafailes

Holy Cross of Davao College

4:10 – 4:25

Macroinvertebrates as Indicators of Water Quality in Talomo River and Lasang River, Davao City

Cherry Badua

San Pedro College – Davao

4:30 – 4:45

Lead Level in the Blood Sample among Public Utility Jeepney Drivers in Davao City

Mari Karlo Candolita

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:50 – 5:05

The Influence of Health Beliefs and the Moderating Effects of Some Demographic Variables and Sexual Behaviors on Condom use among Men having sex with Men

Paul Rainier Rojas

Brokenshire College

5:10 – 5:25

Isolation and Identification of Oil-Degrading and LeadBioaccumulating Bacteria and their Degree of Degradation/ Bioaccumulation in Coaco Harbour, Sasa, Davao City

Vill Patrick de Leon

University of the Immaculate Conception

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


11

MATH (Pure), ENGINEERING and TECHNOLOGY (A) STUDENT

Time

Title

Presenter

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Portable Boots

Medel Cordero

Bulacan State University

1:30 – 1:45

Enhancing Quality Systems through Daily Analysis Testing

Christopher John Lopez

Bulacan State University

1:50 – 2:05

Increasing Sample Size of Pharex B-Complex to Reduce the Frequent Reject Strips in Packaging Area Through Statistical Quality Control

Jane Thamy Silverio

Bulacan State University

2:10 – 2:25

Abaca Fiber Panel as Roofing System

Deo Vane Conde

University of the Immaculate Conception

2: 30 – 2:45

Integrated Lyrics and Guitar Chords on an Android Mobile Music Player

Randolph Villegas

University of the Immaculate Conception

2:50 – 3:05

Utilization of Matrix Concepts for Traffic Control

Christelle Pacabis

University of the Immaculate Conception

3:05 – 3:25

BREAK

3:25 – 3:45

Awareness and Readiness of Secondary School Teachers and Students of HCDC on the use of Tablet PC in lieu of Traditional Textbooks and Teaching Aid

Hannah Grace Almeria

Holy Cross of Davao College

3:50 – 4:05

Talaper

John Noel Gamboa

Bulacan State University

4:10 – 4:25

Cocoboard

Kenneth Lopez

Bulacan State University

4:30 – 4:45

Meta-analysis of the Quantity and Quality of the Electronics Engineering Design Projects of Engineering Graduates (Batches 1994 – 2013) of University of the Immaculate Conception

Glazylyn Palo

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:50 – 5:05

Cocolet

Michelle Primo

Bulacan State University

5:10 – 5:25

Cavendish Banana (Musa acuminata) as an Additive and Substitute for Commercial Broiler Feeds

Rhodalyn Foronda

Saint Mary’s College of Tagum, Inc.

5:30 – 5:45

Prototype Equipment for Converting Waste Plastics into Fuel Additive

Joevennel Escare

University of Mindanao

5:50 – 6:05

Meta-analysis of the Quantity and Quality of the Civil Engineering Research Projects of Engineering Graduates (Batches 1994 – 2013) of University of the Immaculate Conception

Maureen Gaas

University of the Immaculate Conception

Stream: Category: Time

MATH (Pure), ENGINEERING and TECHNOLOGY (B) STUDENT Title

Presenter

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Waste Plastic as Soil Bearing Capacity Enhancer

Ebony Joseph Erwin Dolino

University of the Immaculate Conception

1:30 – 1:45

Ecoflex Board (Waterlily Fiber Gypsum Board)

Arvin John Doza

Bulacan State University

1:50 – 2:05

Waste Management Practices Adopted By Selected Construction Sites In Davao City

Ma. Shelby Suarez

University of the Immaculate Conception

2:10 – 2:25

Expediting Production Time through Motion and Time Study

Rowena Delos Santos

Bulacan State University

2: 30 – 2:45

Knowledge, Awareness and Compliance Of Road Uses To Regulatory Policy Of Davao City: An Evaluation Of The Implementation Efficiency

Ralph Paul Asuncion

University of the Immaculate Conception

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Stream: Category:


National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

12

2:50 – 3:05

Multi-Purpose Food Warmer

3:05 – 3:25

Megumie Mercado

Bulacan State University

BREAK

3:25 – 3:45

Android-Based Irrigation System With Weather Monitoring for Rice Paddy

Calvin Peter Caballeda

Holy Cross of Davao College

3:50 – 4:05

Sofatile (Sofa Made Of Plastic Bottles)

Jed-Bien Mendiola

Bulacan State University

4:10 – 4:25

The Traffic Signalization In Davao City: Its Impact To Stakeholders’ Quality Of Urban Life

Alfie Angelo Zamora

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:30 – 4:45

Banana Nut Paper

Anderson John Namuag

Bulacan State University

4:50 – 5:05

Metaanalysis of the Quantity and Quality of the Computer Engineering Design Projects of Engineering Graduates (Batches 1994 – 2013) of University of the Immaculate Conception

Sherwin Elumir

University of the Immaculate Conception

5:10 – 5:25

Bamboolakan Fabrics

Marjorie Coronado

Bulacan State University

5:30 – 5:45

Passive Infrared (PIr) Activated Switch Device for Classrooms

Clyde Villacencio

University of the Immaculate Conception

Stream: Category: Time

SOCIAL SCIENCE & HUMANITIES STUDENT Title

Presenter

School/ Institution

1:10 – 1:25

Do Female University Students Have Knowledge and Interest Cheska Laine Hermosilla in Boxing as a Sport?

University of the immaculate Conception

1:30 – 1:45

Effectiveness of Documentary Film as a Teaching Material

Ray Anthony Galura

University of the Immaculate Conception

1:50 – 2:05

Quality of Translated Subtitles in Ang Pagdadalaga Ni Maximo Oliveros

Waheeduddin Patagoc

Holy Cross of Davao College

2:10 – 2:25

Portals of Institutional Culture: University Confession Pages in Focus

Ana Lina Gerasmio

University of the Immaculate Conception

2: 30 – 2:45

The Christian Imperative in the Light of Søren Aabye Kierkegaard’s Concept of Love and Anjezё Gonxhe Bojaxhiu’s Notion of Charity

Vaughnce Yrish Plaza

University of the Immaculate Conception

2:50 – 3:05

Playing Dumb: Men’s Phenomenology on Dating Smarter Women

Mary Claire Butaya

Holy Cross of Davao College

3:05 – 3:25

BREAK

3:25 – 3:45

Metaphysics of Morals of Immanuel Kant: An Insight to the Student Affairs and Discipline Services of University of the Immaculate Conception

Al Joven Lumacad

University of the Immaculate Conception

3:50 – 4:05

Justice In Plato and St. Augustine

Robert John Gelera

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:10 – 4:25

Sentence Structure in Greeting Cards

Aubrey Marie Maceda

Holy Cross of Davao College

4:30 – 4:45

John Stuart Mill’s the Subjection of Women in the Notion of Gender Equality: Its Significance to the University of the Immaculate Conception Liberal Arts Students

Remmon Lloyd Masanguid

University of the Immaculate Conception

4:50 – 5:05

Determinants that Influence the Music Type Preference among University Students in Davao City

Ronald Jay Ticudo

University of the Immaculate Conception

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (A) DAY 1 13

Dr. Edgardo D. Cruz and Dalino L. Sumipo Jr. University of Southeastern Philippines ecruz_aug@yahoo.com 1:10 – 1:25 pm

The study examined the role of population age structure (population ages 0-14, 15-64 and 65 to top) and standard economic variables such as gross domestic investment, consumption expenditure, inflation, trade, and gross domestic product growth rate on economic growth using the VAR framework. Estimates of the unrestricted VAR (1) model showed that population growth, gross domestic investment, government consumption expenditure, inflation and trade did not significantly affect economic growth in Asia. In the lower middle income group countries, however, the population of 0-14 years exerted a negative effect on gross domestic product growth rate and by government consumption expenditure but positively affected by its past values and gross domestic investment. The current gross domestic investment was positively influenced by its past values and the level of older population. Trade was positively affected by the level of older population. The level of population ages 15-64 was negatively affected by the past level of population ages 0-14. The level of older population was negatively affected by the gross domestic investment and past year’s working population but was positively affected by government consumption expenditure.

Entrepreneurial Capabilities of School Heads in Relation to the Organization Performance of Selected Catholic Schools inRegion XI: Basis for an Intervention Program Dr. Lorna Flores

University of the Immaculate Conception 1:30 – 1:45 The purpose of this undertaking was to determine the level of entrepreneurial capabilities of school heads and the organizational performance of selected Catholic schools in Region XI. Descriptive-correlational design was utilized involving 250 total respondents, 212 faculty and 38 middle administrators. At an overall mean of 3.74, the level of entrepreneurial capabilities of school heads was rated high while the level of entrepreneurial capabilities was moderate at an overall mean of 3.43. The findings further showed that there was no significant correlation between entrepreneurial capabilities of school heads and enrolment performance of schools while there was a moderatecorrelation between entrepreneurial capabilities and other measurements of organizational performance: income generating activities implemented, new Programs implemented and number of researchbased projects and networking. This implied that school heads had to exercise their entrepreneurial capabilities to the highest level in order for the schools they are handling to perform at their best. Thus, an intervention program is recommended. Keywords: Business education, entrepreneurial capabilities, organizational performance, catholic schools, descriptive-correlation, Philippines

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Driving Forces of Economic Growth in Asia: The Role of Population Age Structure


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (A) DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

14

Factors Affecting Foreign Direct Investment: The Case of the Philippines Jirah Niña B. Leuterio, Jerson B. Patosa and Dr. Agustina B. Tan Cruz

University of Southeastern Philippines 1:50 – 2:05

Foreign direct investment is one of the most dynamic sources of international flows to developing countries. It is very important because it is a package of tangible and intangible assets and because firms organizing them are important in global economy. FDI can affect growth and development by complementing domestic investment and by facilitating trade and transfer of knowledge and technology (Holger and Greenaway, 2004). It has been regarded as a key factor for economic growth for most countries. Competition has arisen between nations to become more attractive to foreign investors (Cover, 2010). However, the major challenge of a host country is to identify the major factors that will affect FDI location decisions and attract foreign investors. The main objective of the study is to examine the factors affecting foreign direct investment in the Philippines for the period 1985-2010. Ordinary least square (OLS) was used to find out the degree of contribution of the independent variables (real GDP per capita, infrastructure, corporate income tax rate, labor costs and skilled labor) to the aggregate inflow of FDI. It is concluded that the labor costs and skilled labor do have a significant impact on FDI inflows in the Philippines. Moreover, the infrastructure, real GDP per capita and corporate income tax rate are found insignificant in the analysis. Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment, Ordinary Least Square (OLS), real GDP

The Five-Year Operation of Holy Cross of Davao College - Babak Branch Hernane Carillo, DM; Susan Cruz, PhD; Nonito Delgado, EdD Iris Melliza, EdD; Sr. Ma. Teresita V. Salang, TDM

Holy Cross of Davao College • hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 2:10 – 2:25

The researchers conducted this evaluation study of the Holy Cross of Davao College – Babak Branch to determine why enrollment projections were not met. Survey questionnaires were prepared to determine factors influencing parents and students choice of a school, students’ satisfaction and incidence of dropouts. An interview guide was employed to college directors and high school principals. The city’s development plan was reviewed for its congruence to educational programs. It made use of descriptive statistics and documentary analysis. Data gathered were treated using frequency, percentage, weighted mean and standard deviation. The holding power of the school among parents and students is its being Catholic, popularity, proximity to residences, and the feeling of being at home in school. Affordability and learning standards are additional considerations. Students drop school due to financial problems. There is moderate satisfaction among the alumni and current students on the school’s operation. It is affirmed that scholarship programs particularly those from LGUs and the fixed registration fee of only P1,000.00 sustain the enrollment count of the branch. At present the financial condition of HCDC – Babak Branch is not sufficient to sustain its operation. Thus, a five year development plan was designed to address the situation. Keywords: School evaluation, school operation and Management, scholarship program, school holding power, development plan Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (A) DAY 1 15

Emma V. Sagarino, Presentacion C. Acosta and Mary Jane B. Amoguis Accountancy and Business Administration Program 2:30 – 2:45 The ultimate goal of an academic institution is to produce competent graduates who can contribute to the development of the society. The competence of graduates is manifested in their employability particularly to their field of expertise. Thus, this employability mapping has been conceptualized to track business graduates of the University of the Immaculate Conception (UIC) in the different industries in Davao City; document their characteristics in two perspectives—from the graduates themselves and from the employers. The survey included 101 UIC graduates who were traced through snowball sampling. Data gathering was triangulated with key informant interviews with two Human Resource Officers—one from a private company and another from a government agency. Findings showed that 78% of the respondents have been employed within six months after graduation and the top four industries of employment include Banking, Academe, Retail and Government. The top four skills respondents as relevant in their first job are public speaking, computer literacy, communication skills and customer relations. More so, based on the gathered data, they have attributed their employability to UIC education in these aspects--effective curriculum and training, prestige of the university, values and discipline. On the other hand, the characteristics evident to UIC graduates are competence, dependability, trustworthiness, God-centeredness, dedication, and sociability. Keywords: business graduates, employability, tracer study, quality education, UIC, Davao City, Philippines.

Operation Management and Corporate Image in Relation to Customer Loyalty to Restaurant Industry in Region XI Judith Ambalong Assumption College of Davao 2:50 – 3:05 The purpose of this study was to determine the significant contributions of the Operation Management and Corporate Image on the Loyalty of the Restaurant customers in Southern Mindanao. The study employed descriptive – correlational survey research designs with 417 respondents. The restaurant customers mostly obtained college education with a monthly income of 10,001 to 20,000 pesos and majority was professionals. In the level of the performance of operation management indicators were: service, employee attributes/ training, facility maintenance, sanitation and safety, food and beverage, were found oftentimes manifested to the customers. The indicators of corporate image were: properties, products, presentations, and publications were found positive to the customers. Indicators of customer loyalty such as attitudinal and behavioral were oftentimes manifested. A significant relationship between operation management, corporate image and customer loyalty were found. Corporate image were the predictor of customer loyalty. The result suggested that restaurant managers/owners have to make effort to build up their image to obtain the customers’ loyalty to their advantage.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

The Employability Mapping of UIC Business Graduates: A Reflection of Program Effectiveness


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (A) DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

16

Corporate Practices and Personal Satisfaction of the ACES Polytechnic College Dunhill Bilog University of the Immaculate Conception 3:25 – 3:45 The purpose of this research was to investigate students’, non-teaching staff’s and faculty’s perceived level of corporate practices in terms of personnel values and instructional support services and perceived level of personal satisfaction in terms of performance and loyalty in Aces Polytechnic College of Panabo. This study utilized the descriptive-correlational research method, employing the survey technique using a four-part survey questionnaire adapted from the University of Cincinatti (1999) Evaluation Services Center and Polaris Marketing Research. Statistical measures such as mean, analysis of variance, and Pearson product correlation were used. The research findings revealed that the students in APC were satisfied with the corporate practices in Aces Polytechnic College in terms of personnel values while the non-teaching staff and faculty members were neutral which means they are neither satisfied nor dissatisfied. Further, there is a significant difference on the perceived level of corporate practices in terms of personnel values when respondents are grouped according to civil status however there is no significant difference on the level of personal satisfaction in terms of loyalty when respondents are grouped according to age, gender and length of stay. Moreover, there is a significant difference on the perceive level of personal satisfaction in terms of performance when respondents are grouped according to civil status and no significant difference on the perceived level of personal satisfaction in terms of loyalty when respondents are grouped according to age, gender and length of stay. In addition, there is a significant difference on the perceived level of personal satisfaction in terms of loyalty when the respondents are grouped according to civil status. In summary, there is a significant relationship between corporate practices in terms of personnel values and instructional support services and personal satisfaction in terms of performance and loyalty. With these findings, it is recommended that administrators of Aces Polytechnic College should continue to review their corporate practices to ensure that students, faculty and non-teaching staff will be satisfied with the provided services; faculty members should undergo more training to acquire appropriate and effective teaching strategies; non-teaching personnel needs to be oriented about their roles and tasks in the college; and students be given a feedback mechanism platform for their sentiments. Keywords: Corporate Practices, Personnel Values, Instructional Support Services, Personal Satisfaction, Performance, Loyalty

Determinants of Investment in ASEAN Countries Karlo Martin C. Caramugan, Dr. Edgardo D. Cruz and Dr. AgustinaB. Tan-Cruz karlocaramugan@gmail.com University of Southeastern Philippines 3:50 – 4:05 The term investment generally refers to the transactions that increases the magnitude of real aggregate wealth in the economy i.e., to the purchase (production) of new real durable assets. Investment is an important factor of the economy and the most volatile component of GDP. The declines and expansions in investment spending can trigger recessions and booms. This concern has elicited attentions to researchers in studying the behavior of investment and the macroeconomic variables which determine it such as accelerator, depreciation, tax, government spending, stock market annual average index, interest rate, exchange rate, gross domestic savings and net exports. The study wishes to understand whether there is a varying level of influence of the different macroeconomic variables across ten (10) ASEAN countries. The study uses Generalized Least Square (GLS) estimation procedure to find out the marginal contribution of each macroeconomic variable to investment. GLS was used in the assumption that the errors of observation are confronted with problems of unequal variance and serial correlation. It has been found out that the accelerator variable, depreciation, stock market index, interest rate, exchange rate, gross domestic savings and net exports are the significant determinants of investment in most of the member-states. Meanwhile, government spending posted significant in Vietnam wherein an increase in government spending reduces investment by -0.3564 dong. The tax variable turned out to be insignificant in explaining investment for all ASEAN countries. Keywords: ASEAN, Generalized Least Squares (GLS), Investment

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (A) DAY 1 17

Luzviminda Ates Allan Chito Robles, MBA (deceased) Holy Cross of Davao College • hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 4:10 – 4:25 In the light of a complex and rapidly changing environment as well as the advent of information technology and increasing level of competition, organizations are called and are expected to produce better quality products and services. The success of any organization is related to the tasks that are important to the achievement of the company’s goals and objectives. To make the TQM program and plans effective, all individuals, especially the head/administrator or the top managers must be involved. This study therefore aims to assess the capability and performance effectiveness of academic heads of the College of Business and of Holy Cross of Davao College. Descriptive research method was used to explain the data gathered from the questionnaires distributed to the respondents. The study revealed the following 1) The dean and the program heads as assessed by the respondents had exercised effective management: 2) The dean and the program heads exercised their TQM skills to a great extent: 3) TQM practices, were highly practiced by the dean and the program heads: 4) They are highly effective in working the school’s mission and are highly efficient in utilizing its financial, physical and human resources: 5) The school existence is perceived to be relevant and its financial viability is high: 6) There is a significant relationship among the performance effectiveness, leadership traits, TQM skills and TQM practices: and 7) The leadership traits, TQM skills and TQM practices of the dean and the program heads greatly influenced the performance effectiveness. Keywords: Business Education, TQM Capability, Performance Effectiveness, Program Heads, Philippines

Business Simulation Laboratory: An Experiential Learning Tool for Business Colleges and Universities in Davao City Mary Jane Amoguis

University of the Immaculate Conception 4:30 – 4:45 Academic institutions are becoming conscious of the importance of entrepreneurship course and subjects. Business Simulation Laboratory, business incubator and business simulator are the tools commonly integrated in the business courses in most schools, colleges, universities and even corporations in developing and the sharpening entrepreneurial and management skills of the stakeholders. The study made use of key informant and focus group interviews to determine the acceptability of business simulation laboratory as an experiential learning tool for business colleges and universities in Davao City. The respondents were selected deans of the business colleges and universities, employees, managers and entrepreneurs. The respondents affirmed that business simulation laboratory is an essential aid for training, teaching and learning; thus its use and establishment should be institutionalized to ensure sustainability. They perceived that business simulation laboratory will serve as a good surrogate for real-world experience as seen by the business schools and the industry to achieve higher educational value. Business schools should consider that the laboratory is a best resource of eventually materializing a “Student Consulting Team” who will assist new and small businesses and who will work with owners of small firms in analyzing as well as devising solutions to their business problems. Keywords: Business Education, Experiential Learning, Tool for Business,Focus Group Interview, Philippines

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

TQM Capability and Performance Effectiveness of the Dean and the Program Heads of the College of Business of Holy Cross of Davao College


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (A) DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

18

Self-Concept and Skills Competency of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Accredited Supreme Court Mediators Rolando Z. Gañac

Rizal Memorial College 4:50 – 5:05 The purpose of this study was to assess the level of self-concept and skills competency of the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Accredited Supreme Court Mediators. The research participants in this study were composed of the Subject Correspondents, Party-Litigants and Key Informants. There were 238 cooperating research participants who were involved in the survey coming from the Philippine Mediation Centers of Davao City, Digos City, Panabo and Tagum City. The result of the study revealed that there is no significant relationship between the profile and self-concept; the profile and skills competency of the subject correspondents. The subject respondents have a high level of self-concept and skills competency. There is no significant difference in the perception of self concept among participants when grouped according to mediation centers. There is a significant difference in the perception of the subject respondents and party litigants on the skills competency of the subject respondents when grouped according to mediation centers. On the post hoc analysis using Scheffe’s test to determine where the significant difference lies, Panabovs Tagum obtained a significant result while Davao vs Tagum obtained a result of not significant. Based on the findings of this study, an intervention plan is proposed. On the basis of the foregoing findings, the following conclusions were drawn: There is no significant relationship between the profile and self-concept; profile and skills competency of the subject respondents. There is no significant relationship between the self-concept and skills competency of the subject respondents. There is no significant difference in the perception of the subject respondents and party-litigants in assessing the self-concept and skills of the subject respondents. There is no significant difference between the perceptions of the subject respondents and partylitigants in assessing the self-concept of the subject respondents when grouped according to mediation centers.

Organizational Behavior and Job Performance of Teachers in ICT Schools Melannie C. Ramayla

AMA Computer College Davao mcramayla@yahoo.com 5:10 – 5:25 This study was conducted to determine the organizational behavior model of selected ICT schools in Davao City as characterized in the organizational behavioral model they employ: autocratic, custodial, supportive, and collegial; determine the level of job performance of the faculty members in terms of structural subsystem, human-social subsystem, strategic subsystem, and technological subsystem; and determine if significant relationship exist between the organizational behavior of computer colleges and the level of teachers’ performance. Descriptive statistics and correlation methods were used involving a total of 54 teachers from 3 different ICT schools in Davao City. Data were gathered through the Organizational Behavior Survey Questionnaire and Job Performance Questionnaire. Results showed that ICT schools frequently use the collegial model of organizational behavior; the level of performance of teachers is generally satisfactory in the structural subsystem, human-social subsystem, strategic subsystem, and very satisfactory in the technological subsystem; the autocratic and custodial model of organizational behavior has significant relationship to structural subsystem only and the collegial model of organizational behavior is correlated to the structural subsystem, human-social subsystem, strategic subsystem and to instructional planning, instructional delivery and engagement of the technological subsystem. Keywords: organizational behavior, job performance, teachers, ICT schools

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (A) DAY 1 19

April B. Evangelista John Paul II College of Davao Ecoland Drive, Matina, Davao City 5:30 – 5:45 The main purpose of conducting this study was to determine the teacher efficacy of Engineering and ICT Schools in Davao Region utilizing non-experimental research design employing descriptive method with 236 teachers were asked to answer the adopted survey questionnaire. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and mean were the statistical tools used for data treatment. Results disclosed that that the teachers perceived their level of self-efficacy as high specifically on efficacy in student engagement, efficacy in instructional strategies, and classroom management. On the other hand, there is significant difference between teacher efficacy when analyzed according to type of schools and years in service. However, teacher efficacy bears no significant difference to teaching status. Further, it is recommended that school administrators may innovate collaborative design for professional development activities that can maximize teachers’ effectiveness by applying content-specific professional development collaborations to make a difference in all areas of Engineering and ICT programs to increase teacher efficacy, thereby enhancing professional growth for all involved. Likewise, teachers are encouraged to exhibit greater levels of planning and organization of instructional content delivery and to be more open to new ideas and are more willing to experiment with new methods to better meet the needs of their students.

Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (B) DAY 1

Supply Chain Improvement of Durian Industry in Region 11 Joeteddy B. Bugarin

oe_bugarin@yahoo.com University of Southeastern Philippines 1:10 – 1:25 This study was able to identify various supply chains of durian operating in region 11. Most of these chains involved two to three traders serving as middle men before durian gets into the final consumers. In most part of the chains, the traders play a major role in supplying price information and play a major role in the price formation of durian. During regular transactions between trader and durian growers, traders decide in classifying and in the pricing of durian. This suggests that there could be asymmetric marketing information and traders play a major role in building market information system in most of the chains. The study documented that most of the losses originated from the farm. These losses are due to pests and diseases infestation and at the same time the extreme weather condition, which can be addressed by a team of technical experts. Marketing losses are observable among the retailers, however upon investigation, these losses originates from mishandling of durian by traders during transfer and transport. Because of these inefficiencies most durian farmers have are attracted to Cavendish banana farming where incentives are much easier to come by.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Teacher Efficacy of Engineering and ICT Schools in Davao Region


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (B) DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

20

Hawking in Davao City: View from Afar Fritzie C. Macunlay

Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 1:30 – 1:45 The study was conducted to describe hawking in Davao City. There were 42 participants of the study through purposive sampling technique. Participants were taken from the eight major streets in Davao City. The study used the grounded theory approach as its research design. A self-made interview guide questions were used in the interview process. The researcher also observed and recorded events of the hawkers. The hawkers in Davao City offer mostly street food. The unsold street food would be thrown away at the end of the day. They have been in hawking for more than a decade. They are vulnerable to demolition, robbers and rainy days. Their means of transportation has an attached table where goods are displayed to easily run away during demolition. The husband and wife are the decision-makers in the family. For them hawking is survival and source of education for their children. The sidewalk is their life and happiness. The hawking customers like buying from the hawkers because they do not need to queue. They usually buy street food. Many legal businessmen accepted the fact that hawkers affect their business, but claimed that hawkers are not threats because their business has name and they can guarantee quality of their product. The government has implemented the one-third – two -third policy in the sidewalk. Seminars on food handling were also given to the hawkers. The following recommendations of this study are: To have a regular health and sanitation inspections in all street food vendors in the city; To set up an acceptable boundaries and regular monitoring of hawking in the city; To provide free seminars in management, livelihood and entrepreneurship for the hawkers; To provide some restrictions on the type of vehicle, cart and size of umbrellas used in the sidewalk; and To grant financial assistance for the hawkers from the city government.

Collective Bargaining Agreement and Employees’ Productivity Amylyn F. Labasano Brokenshire College amylbsn@yahoo.com 1:50 – 2:05

The study analyzed the relationship of collective bargaining agreement (CBA) which covers union-management relation’s climate, salaries and wages, fringe benefits, job security and job satisfaction to employees’ productivity of the college. The study ran 2 regression models to determine the impact of the selected variables to employees’ productivity with or without collective bargaining agreement.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (B) DAY 1 21

Lywylyn S. Mendoza

Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 2:10 – 2:25 This study was designed to identify the suppliers’ preferences for retailers in Davao City with the application of conjoint analysis. The five attributes of local retailers included in the study were price, speed of payment, agreements, retailer’s quality and quantity demands and payment terms. Conjoint analysis was employed as a marketing research tool to identify the relative importance of each attribute as well as the utility values of the different levels of each attribute. Descriptive and causal methods of research were used in the study. Sixty (60) randomly selected suppliers from Davao City served as respondents. Primary data were gathered through the use of a survey questionnaire. Twenty- one (21) hypothetical designs of retailers were generated. The preference rankings were analyzed using the non-metric conjoint analysis. To overcome the difficulty in the conduct of the conjoint experiment, the respondents were interviewed to facilitate the completion of the survey questionnaires. Findings showed that majority of the respondents were engaged in supplying perishables, Food 2 and combination products. Most of the local suppliers were composed of small businesses whose classification was either partnership or corporation. Most of the suppliers have been in the business for more than five years. Moreover, all the five attributes for local retailers, namely price, speed of payment, agreements, retailer’s quality and quantity demands and payment terms, contribute to the total utility of local retailers. At the aggregate level, price was the most important and payment term was the least important. Keywords: Business, suppliers, local retailers, Davao City, Philippines

Organizational Justice, Psychological Contract and Organizational Commitment of Bank Employees in Region XI Doris Marie N. Pateño Saint Mary’s College – Tagum 2:30 – 2:45 The purpose of the study is to investigate the influence of Organizational Justice and Psychological Contract on Organizational Commitment among employees of Rural Banks in Davao Provinces. The research used descriptive-correlational survey method and is based on the universal sampling of 12 Rural Banks with samples of 190 respondents. The data analyses were done through the use of Descriptive Statistics, Pearson ProductMoment Correlation, and Multiple Regression. The major findings of the study are concluded as follows: The organizational justice, psychological contract and organizational commitment of bank employees are moderately positive. Organizational justice and psychological contract significantly influence organizational commitment. Keywords: Business, Organizational justice, psychological contract, organizational commitment, employees, descriptive-correlation, Philippines

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Suppliers’ Preferences for Local Retailers


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (B) DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

22

Assessing Needs and Designing a Computer Training Module for Secondary Senior Students Michael G. Calamba, Neil P. Magloyuan, Nancy S. Mozo Marites B. Tabanao Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 2:50 – 3:05 Today’s companies, industries and businesses are adopting computerization for it offers greater advantage in many aspects. Coupled with this are systems and machines which demand for competent workforce. The College of Engineering and Technology of Holy Cross of Davao College, sensitive to these demands, designed the Computer Literacy Enhancement Program (CLEP) which covers Basic PC Operation, Word Processor, Spreadsheet and Presentation Applications. This became part of the college’s community extension service to its Adopted School- the Leon Garcia National High School. This study aimed to design standard computer training modules that will be used by the senior secondary students for CLEP. The level of knowledge and skills of the 34 respondents were identified to provide bases for the design. This study used Descriptive-Assessment method and findings revealed that the respondents’ level of knowledge on the four competencies were very poor. On the other hand, the respondents’ levels of skills were fair for Basic PC Operations and Word Processor, Poor in Spreadsheet and Good in Presentation. Further, the study showed that the level of knowledge and the level of skills of the respondents have no significant relationship. Hence, there is no fixed order in the acquisition of skills versus concepts, as skills can be acquired first before knowledge or vice versa. Thus, the researchers designed modules that contain meaningful and useful information to help improve the skills of the respondents in using different computer applications and in performing basic PC operations as well as their understanding and familiarity on the different concepts behind these applications. Keywords: Computer Literacy, Computer Literacy Enhancement Program, Training module, Needs Assessment, Community Extension Service, Microsoft Office 2010, Basic PC Operations, Knowledge Assessment, Skills Assessment

Conceptual Knowledge and Facets of Understanding in Mathematics among Freshmen College Students in Tagum City Flora May Eder Odtojan

Graduate School, St. Mary’s College of Tagum, Inc. 3:25 – 3:45

The study investigated the conceptual knowledge and facets of understanding in mathematics among freshmen college students in Tagum City. In particular, the respondents were the freshmen college students of St. Mary’s College of Tagum (SMCT-T), University of Mindanao Tagum City (UMTC), University of Southeastern Philippines (USEP), Arriesgado College Foundation, Tagum City (ACF), and St. Thomas More School of Tagum City (STMSTC). There were a total of three hundred sixty four (364) respondents. Stratified random sampling technique was used in determining the number of respondents. Descriptive correlation method was utilized in order to determine the relationship of conceptual knowledge and facets of understanding in mathematics among freshmen college students in Tagum City. With the use of statistical treatments like average weighted mean, t-Test, and Pearson r, it was found that there was no significant difference on the level of the facets of understanding in mathematics when analyzed according to gender. However, there is a significant difference on the extent of conceptual knowledge when analyzed according to gender. There was a significant relationship between the extent of Conceptual knowledge and the level of Facets of Understanding in Mathematics among freshmen college students in Tagum City. Based from the findings, analysis and conclusion drawn in this study, Math teachers were recommended to apply various activities that can process mathematical information automatically, perform mathematical reasoning tasks under time pressure and speedily without intentional thinking through. Keywords: Instruction, Mathematics concepts, college freshmen, Philippines

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (B) DAY 1 23

Mary Ann E. Martinez Palawan State University-Cuyo 3:50 – 4:05 This study aimed to develop and validate a workbook in writing for Third Year Secondary students. Specifically, this endeavor was designed to identify the writing skills to be developed among Third Year Secondary students, to prepare exercises that will enhance their writing skills and to evaluate the effectiveness of the workbook in developing such skills. The writing skills reflected in the PSSLC were examined and evaluated by 5 teachers at PSU-PCAT Campus. The writing skills to be developed were identified and these skills were the basis in the preparation of the workbook. The researcher developed 10 varied writing activities which are based on the scope and sequence of the materials made. Each activity has the title, the skills to be developed, inculcate knowledge in writing. The materials were evaluated by the teachers and some selected students at PSU-PCAT Campus. The materials were revised on the result of evaluation. Some parts were changed, deleted and improved. Results revealed that the materials are very useful and effective in developing writing skills and the use of authentic materials are of great help to the students to enhance their skills in writing. Furthermore, the study reported that the active participation of the students in the class was evident because of the use of reading materials related to their experiences and issues of present situation. Based on the teachers’ evaluation of the workbook, the activities motivated the students to create good compositions. Lastly, it was proven in the study that the activities prepared in the workbook were appropriate to the needs, interest and level of Third Year students. Keywords: Language, workbook, writing, secondary students, validation, Philippines

The Metacognitive Process of Student Teachers and the Academic Performance of Freshmen Students in English 2 Dr. Ramil Cubelo Brokenshire College 4:10 – 4:25 This study intended to find out whether there is a significant relationship between the metacognitive process of student teachers and the academic performance of freshmen Engineering in their English 2 class. The study made use of the descriptive-correlational research design and was conducted at the College of Engineering, University of Southeastern Philippines, Oberero Campus, Davao City. The respondents of this study were the First Year Engineering students. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to determine the relationship between the metacognitive process of student teachers in terms of planning for learning, using teaching strategy, monitoring strategy, and evaluating strategy and learning; and the academic performance of freshmen engineering students in English 2 (Writing in the Discipline). The result of the study reveals that the academic performance of Engineering students in English 2 class, Writing in the Discipline, after the Midterm Period denotes Satisfactory Work. There is a significant relationship between the metacognitive process of the student teachers to the academic performance of freshmen Engineering in English 2 class. Keywords: Education, descriptive correlational, metacognitive, academic performance, Philippines

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Validation of a Workbook in Writing for Secondary Students


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (B) DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

24

English Teachers’ Experience of Supportive Relationships with Colleagues among the Private Schools of Tagum City Socorro L. Neri socoy.neri@gmail.com St. Mary’s College of Tagum, Inc. 4:30 – 4:45 The study was conducted in three (3) private schools of Tagum City namely: St. Mary’s College of Tagum, Liceo de Davao School and Arriesgado College Foundation. It looked into the English teachers’ experiences on supportive relationship with colleagues. It employed qualitative analysis using phenomenological method. Research’s instrument used was the guide for the following: Interview, In-depth Interview and Focus Group Discussion. Participants of the study were the English teachers of the three (3) private schools of Tagum City in both the high school and college department. The result of the study showed that there are experiences of supportive relationships among English teachers and the desire to strengthen it. The findings of the study can be beneficial to both the Department of Education and Commission on Higher Education, school heads, teachers especially the English Teachers to farther their knowledge on how to come up for additive programs design for the enhancement of language proficiency to be globally competitive. Thus, the study recommends that teachers should nurture their supportive relationships and advocate a greater commitment that would work, linger and prosper. The researcher also recommends for the conduct of a study to the rest of the private and public schools as well.

Teachers’ Profile, Characteristics and Student Achievement in Science and Mathematics in the RVM Secondary Schools in Southern Mindanao Sylvia J. Pidor University of the Immaculate Conception 4:50 – 5:05 This study aimed to determine which teacher characteristics and teacher profile are determinants of student’s achievements in Science and Mathematics in the RVM secondary schools in Region XI and Region XII. To realize the purpose of the study, the researcher made use of the descriptive correlational method. In this study, the researcher correlated the level of teacher’s profile and characteristics to the achievement of the senior high school students in Science and Mathematics in the RVM schools in Southern Mindanao. The statistical tools used in the study include both descriptive and inferential statistics like the Pearson Product Moment Correlation and t-test. Testing of a null hypothesis was based at α =.05 level of significance using a two tailed test. Findings of this study showed that the professional and personal qualities of the teachers both correlated significantly to the achievement of the students in science and mathematics.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance (B) DAY 1 25

Janice C. Bone John Paul II College of Davao Ecoland Drive, Matina, Davao City 5:10 – 5:25 This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of linguistic mimicry as a teaching technique to improve English speaking skills of college students utilizing quasi-quantitative experimental research design and the data were collected from three groups of participants receiving the intervention. Specifically, this study aimed to identify and analyze the performance level of students’ English skills before and after the experimental treatment is given. The study used experimental three-group and posttest design that compared the groups in order to measure the different changes after the experimental treatment was given. In addition, the differences between the pretest and posttest scores of the three groups were tested by its significance differences. The findings revealed that linguistic mimicry as a communicative approach of teaching enhances the speaking skills of the students. Furthermore, results showed that there were significant differences in the evaluation of pretest and posttest scores of speaking skills of the students using linguistic mimicry. It is further suggested that English and non-English teachers may use linguistic mimicry as an instructional technique involving communicative and holistic activities which serve as non-threatening learning environment of the students.

EDUCATION (A) DAY 1

Language Learning Strategies and Self-Concept as Predictors of Language Tasks Performance Dante O. Calamba University of the Immaculate Conception 1:10 – 1:25 Students learn effectively and perform language tasks with competence if language is taught with rich mental imagery through different learning strategies coupled with his/her positive self-concept. This study was conducted to determine the influence of language learning strategies and self-concept on the students’ language tasks performance. Since students use different strategies in learning the language, this study tried to point out the strategy that has been used by the respondents with the highest or greatest extent. The descriptive method was employed in this study. In addition, the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (1990), Self-Concept Inventory (2003), and Teaching English as a Foreign Language-InternetBased Test (2008) were adapted and administered to 60 respondents. The findings have revealed that the students use a combination of different language learning strategies moderately and more predominantly, they use metacognitive strategies among the different language learning strategies. Moreover, findings have revealed that the respondents see themselves with high physical appeal, human relations, intelligence, character, communication, and maturity. The result further revealed that students are proficient in their language tasks performance. The study found out that language learning strategies do not have significant influence that contributes to the language tasks performance of the students and that it is their selfconcept which contributes to the language tasks performance of the respondents. With the findings, teachers must teach the lesson with the use of different strategies that do not only enhance their language performance but foster positive selfimage. Keywords: Language Leaning Strategies, Self-Concept, Language Task Performance, Predictors of Language Task Performance

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

The Effectiveness of Linguistic Mimicry to Improve English Language Skills of College Students


Education (A) DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

26

Teaching Performance of Faculty and Learning Outcome of Students of the University of Mindanao Lenziel Tolon

University of Mindanao 1:30 – 1:45 The Education Digest contained that “measures of student learning should play a predominant role in teacher evaluation.” In this context, this study aimed to determine the correlation between teachers’ teaching performance and students’ learning outcome. The study revealed that there was a significant difference in the level of teaching performance of the university faculty within the period covered when grouped according to rater and college. Likewise, there was a significant difference in the level of the learning outcome when grouped according to college; however the difference was not significant according to semester. Lastly, there was no significant relationship found between teachers’ teaching performance and students’ learning outcome variables.

Preferred Learning Styles of Criminology Students Ida G. Tudy & Randy A. Tudy Cor Jesu College of Digos 1:50 – 2:05

Over the past decades, knowledge on the students’ learning styles gained interest among educators. Several studies considered learning styles as predictors to academic performance. This study aimed to investigate on the learning styles of criminology students of Cor Jesu College. It employed descriptive quantitative research design using the instrument developed by Andrew D. Cohen, Rebecca L. Oxford, and Julie C. Chi. Results showed that the respondents preferred visual, introverted, random-intuitive, closure-oriented, particular, synthesizing, sharpener, deductive, field-independent and reflective. They also considered themselves as both metaphoric and literal. The respondents were also consistent when it comes to preferred learning style regardless of sex and year level, except for at least two styles. The result served as a good feedback to students to maximize their potentials and preferences and for teachers to tailor their teaching strategies in line with the learning styles of the students. On the larger scale, it is important that in the revision of curriculum the school should consider the learning preferences of the students for it to be adoptive, effective and relevant. Keywords - Learning Styles, Criminology, Social Science, Descriptive Study, Philippines

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Education (A) DAY 1 27

Ma. Melanie N. Edig, PhD.

University of Mindanao – Tagum Branch melaniedig03@gmail.com 2:10 – 2:25 Teacher education has been a leader in the use of portfolio assessment as part of academic programs. A variety of benefits of portfolios in teacher education have been identified and there are a number of uses to which portfolios are put in teacher education programs. However, limited studies have been carried out to specifically determine student teachers’ perception on the use of portfolio. Therefore, this descriptive study investigated, how do student teachers value portfolio assessment in their six (6) field study courses? Qualitative information gleaned from open-ended survey questions yielded four (4) distinct themes classified as merits, burdens, limitations and comments for consideration relative to the use of portfolio. Results indicate that portfolio assessment proved to be valuable tool in showcasing student teachers’ creativity and reflective abilities while also providing them a chance to engage in meta-cognition. However, time has been an obstacle in the ongoing preparation of portfolio. Student teachers perceived that portfolio preparation was a tiresome and time-consuming process which also needs technical skills. Finally, there was a call for a more improved portfolio assessment development process. Student teachers need specific and clear directions about what the instructor expects from the portfolio. By filling this need, portfolio assessment will become integral part of the student teachers’ professional development, and the product will be one that is sustainable throughout their field study courses. Keywords: merits, burdens, limitations, reflective abilities, meta-cognition, technical skills

Improving Problem Solving Skills in Fraction of Grade Six Pupils through Collaborative Learning Mildred Arellano and Pablo F. Busquit Rizal Memorial College 2:30 – 2:45

The study was conducted to enhance the problem solving skills in fraction of grade six pupils through collaborative learning of Magupising Elementary School, Dujali District, Davao del Norte for the school year 2012 – 2013. The study used the quantitative approach to research utilizing quasi-experimental design called the non-equivalent group pretest and posttest. This design threatened by several factors such as malnutrition, memorizing the content of the test and mortality or drop-outs. Mean, standard deviation and T-test were utilized to analyze the data and answer the problems posed in the study. The raw scores of the respondents were measured for regular distribution and likewise being the most reliable, most stable with the least probable error and most generally recognized measure of central tendency. The findings revealed the performance of both experimental and control groups are similar during the pretest. There was an improvement of the performance of the pupils in both experimental and control groups in the posttest as compared to their performance in fraction because this group was employed by collaborative learning. This complied that in the skills during pretest, the pupils in the experimental group performed better that in the control group. This implied further that the pupils in both experimental and control groups had the same level of performance in their skills of application, analysis and evaluation. The results also revealed a non-significant difference between the pretest and posttest mean scores of control group. This indicated that there was no improvement in the overall performance of the pupils during pretest and posttest in the control group. This was because the pupils had not been given an opportunity to get them involved in the discussion and even in the refection. In the experimental group, the findings showed a significant difference between the pretest and posttest. This implied further that the improvement of the performance of the pupils was due to the employment of collaborative learning. This indicated that collaborative learning enhanced the skills of the pupils in application, analysis and evaluation. This also enhanced the problem solving skills in application, analysis and evaluation. The findings pointed out that employing collaborative learning in classroom instruction, there was an improvement with regards to students’ problem solving skills for application, synthesis and evaluation. This also helped stimulate pupils’ interest in the learning mathematics particularly in the topic of fraction. Keywords: Problem solving skills in Fraction, Collaborative Learning

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Portfolio Assessment in Field Study Courses: A Student Teacher’s Perspective


Education (A) DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

28

Cognitive Reading Strategies in Enhancing Reading Skills and in Solving One-Step Math Word Problems Abigail Aga-Navales

Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 2:50 – 3:05 This study tried to find out the relationship of the reading skills of Grade II pupils of Buhangin Central Elementary School to their performance in solving one step Math word problem. Experimental method of research using a pretest/posttest design was utilized in the study. The use of cognitive reading strategies adapted from Montague’s scheme as support to the teacher’s lecture-drill method was given to the experimental group as treatment. The control group was only exposed to the traditional lecture- drill method. The control group had 39 pupils while experimental group had 41; both groups had identical overall class performances described to be at the average level. T-test for independent sample means at .05 level was utilized to test the significant difference between the pretest and posttest scores. To test the significant relationship on the mean scores of the two groups in reading and in the one-step word problem solving in mathematics, Pearson Product Moment Coefficient Correlation was used. The study shows a significant relationship on the reading and the word problem solving skills of respondents. They affirm Montague’s assumptions that reading strategies help learners solve word problems presented to them as understanding what is being read influences a learner to have a grasp on what to do to solve word problems in mathematics. Students when provided with the processes and strategies in reading can make math problem solving easy to learn. Keywords: reading skills, cognitive reading strategies, traditional lecture-drill method, one-step word problem

Instructional Competence of Fishery Arts Teachers of Compostela Valley Province: Basis for Enhanced Supervisory Program Randy C. Rallos and Delia A. Rosillo Rizal Memorial College 3:25 – 3:45

The success of the school’s educational plan depends on how the teacher performs her duties and responsibilities. It has always been the teacher’s main goal to facilitate the learning of students. The success depends on how competent the teacher is. This study utilized the descriptive method of research. It is descriptive because the researcher describes the information or data through the use of numbers. It enables the researcher to present the picture of the study under investigation. To illustrate the descriptive method of research, Raagas guided the researcher when she stated that descriptive method of research involves collection, presentation and description of numerical data. In uncovering the factors affecting the instructional performance of Fishery Arts’ Teachers for the academic year 20111-2012, the following statistical tools was utilized, namely: mean and ONE-WAY Analysis of variance. The mean was used to determine the factors affecting academic performance of fourth year fishery arts’ students in terms of interest, study habits, teacher personality traits, instructional materials, and physical environment while ONE-WAY Analysis of Variance was used to uncover if there were significant differences on the factors affecting instructional performance of teachers teaching Fishery Arts. To facilitate computation and to ensure accuracy, the data obtained from the documents was subjected to calculation with the assistance of the statistician. The study determined the level of instructional competence of Fishery Arts’ Teachers of Compostela Valley Province under the four indicators, namely: delivery of instruction, classroom management, utilization of instructional materials and resources, and monitoring and evaluation system environment. A total of 124 fourth year high school students were chosen using the Slovin’s Formula and rated their teachers using a validated researcher checklistquestionnaire. Of the four indicators surveyed for the instructional competence of Fishery Arts’ teachers, classroom management obtained a very high descriptive equivalent. The Fishery Arts’ teachers were the best managers since they were able to manage their students regardless of the class size. The indicator with the lowest mean is the utilization of instructional materials and resources. The data shows that the teachers are not maximizing the use of multi-media in their classes. Based on the findings of the study, it was found out that the level of instructional competence of Fishery Arts’ teachers is high. One-way Analysis of Variance revealed a no significant difference on the level of instructional competence when the respondents are grouped according to type of school being served. Keyword: Instructional Competence

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Education (A) DAY 1 29

Teresita S. Gacot

Palawan State University-Cuyo Cuyo, Palawan, Philippines tessoratesgacot@gmail.com 3:50 – 4:05 Ang pananaliksik na ito ay naglalayong likumin ang mga bersong Cuyunon upang magkaroon ng tala, mapanatili, maipreserba at may mabasa ang susunod na henerasyon upang lalong mapaunlad ang pamanang kultural ng mga Cuyunon at higit sa lahat magkaroon ng kagamitang pampagtuturo ng panitikan sa dalubhasaan. Naglalayon din ang pag-aaral na ito na mabigyang kasagutan ang mga katanungan: Kung ano ang mga piling bersyon Cuyunon at ang klasipikasyon nito, ang mga impluwensya nito sa pamumuhay ng mga Cuyuno at ang kung ano ang mga materyal na mabubuo bilang kagamitang pampagtuturo sa pag-aaral na ito. Ang palarawan, di-pormal na pakikinayam, pagbabasa at pangkasanayan ang pamaraang ginagamit sa pag-aaral ng mananaliksik upang makalap ang mga kinakailangang mga datos at mabigyang pakahulugan ang mga ito., Isinasaaalang-alang ang mga sumusunod na batayan sa pagpili ng impormante: mga taal na Cuyunon na may edad mula 35 taong gulang pataas sapagkat sila ang may lubos na kabatiran sa kanilang panitikan, Tagal ng paninirahan sa Cuyo, dito sila ipinanganak, lumaki, naninirahan at namuhay na may kaalaman at karanasan sa pagbeberso at pinanggailangan ng bersong pinag-aralan kung ang mga ito ay sariling katha, narinig sa mga kamag-anak o ibang tao. Pagkatapos makalap, mapag-aralan at masuri ay nalaman ng mananaliksik ang mga sumusunod: Ang bersong Cuyunon ay isang karunungan bayan na sumasalamin at kababakasan ng kanilang kultura. Ito’y nagpapakilala ng identidad ng mga Cuyunon, nagtataglay ng kakintalan at may iba’t ibang klasipikasyon. Ang magbigay kasiyahan ang tanging layunin ng bawat klasipikasyon ng berso at ito’y makadagdag ng kagamitang pampagtuturo na panitikan sa dalubhasaan.

Teacher Facilitated Cheating in the National Achievement Test Roni Palmero-Mines, Ed.D Assumption College of Davao 4:10 – 4:25

The purpose of this undertaking was to discover the truth behind teacher-facilitated cheating in national achievement test. The research employed qualitative research methods using the phenomenological approach. It involved 19 participants, all teachers in government schools in Davao City and neighboring Davao provinces. Through the in-depth interviews and focus group discussions it was gathered that the participants were actively involved in teacher-facilitated cheating motivated by a misplaced sense of commitment, deference to authority and self-interest. The findings also revealed that the factors that promote cheating are the repercussions of the NAT results to the schools, the poor quality of education and the socio-economic condition of the students. Finally, the following deterrents were derived from the study: reducing the need to cheat, inhibiting the opportunity to cheat and toughening-up restraints. Based on the findings, a comprehensive review and assessment of the NAT implementation to evaluate its efficiency, usefulness and reliability may be a step in the right direction. The factors found to promote and encourage cheating may be dealt with to reduce the prevalence and the compulsion to cheat. Moreover, it might be well to give consideration to the constructs derived particularly in deterring the phenomenon of cheating in the NAT.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Mga Piling Bersong Cuyunon Bilang Kagamitang Pampagtuturo ng Panitikan sa Antas ng Kolehiyo


Education (A) DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

30

Comparative Study of Coping Strategies of the Male and Female College Students of Assumption College of Davao- Sunday Classes Elsa Duyan-Villanueva

Assumption College of Davao 4:30 – 4:45

This study deals with the coping mechanisms adopted by the college students of Assumption College of Davao- Sunday Classes, in three identified areas: school, work and home conditions. It further ascertained the students profile and their coping strategies based on the following aspects: age, sex, course, residency, type, of work, monthly income and parent’s work. A total of 230 respondents answered the questionnaire -31 of which were male and 199 were female. Eleven (11) respondents were purposively chosen for the individual interview. The gathered data were collated, tabulated and categorized and subsequently subjected to percentage and mean analysis. About 23.66% of the respondents were enrolled in Hotel and Restaurant Management (HRM). Majority were female kasambahay living with their employers and earning an average of less than five thousand pesos a month. Respondents adapted more significantly to situation by employing active strategies like disclosure, confrontation, and seeking for social support. On the other hand, a number of them, whether male or female, employed avoidant coping strategies like increased participation to religious activities-praying and meditating. The researcher sums up that coping strategy between male and female vary due to cultural and demographic background. It is envisioned that the administration provide some measures in identifying ways of reducing stressors thereby lessening the impact of its effect and in providing avenue where students can learn more about stress management.

Portrait of an 88-year Old Educator: A Legacy for Young Academicians Dr. Gloria Gempes

University Of Mindanao 4:50 – 5:05

This study utilized life story narrative as a methodological tool to explore the persona of an 88 year old educator. This woman is still active in the academe as a principal of weekend classes in tertiary school and still pursuing a doctoral degree despite of her age. The results of this study show two emerging themes that mold the persona of the subject as an educator and as an octogenarian. These themes are her spirituality and healthy lifestyle coupled with happy disposition, transcending in all facets of her life: childhood, early school life, marriage and family, triumph and tragedy, teaching career and longevity. Her vulnerabilities, strength, faith and aspirations have implications to the overall field of research on pedagogies and health practices of an octogenarian that may turn into a legacy for young teachers and principal aspirants. An inspiration – Mrs. Ulpiana Branzuela Dalumpines.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Education (A) DAY 1 31

Joan S. Natad University of the Immaculate Conception 5:10 – 5:25 This descriptive-correlational study chiefly aimed to determine the influence of Exposure to the English Linguistic Environment and Affective Filters on the Writing Competence of 176 students enrolled in English Proficiency Program (EPP) classes of a college in Davao in the school year 2011-2012. The random sampling technique, three researcher-made questionnaires and 7 statistical tools specifically Frequency Count, Percentage, Mean, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), T-test, Pearson Product Moment of Correlation or Pearson r and Linear Regression Analysis were used. The study concluded that: the English Proficiency Program (EPP) students have a Moderate level of Exposure to the English Linguistic Environment, a Low Level of Affective Filters and a Very Low Level of Writing Competence; there is no significant difference in the Level of Affective Filters and the Level of Writing Competence of Students when grouped according to Type of High School Attended and Course; and there is no significant relationship between Exposure to the English Linguistic Environment and Writing Competence but there is a significant relationship between Affective Filters and Writing Competence. Keywords: Language Education, Exposure, English Linguistic Environment, Affective Filters, Writing Competence, Descriptive-Correlation, Philippines

Characterizing the Competencies of the Academic Deans among Higher Education Institutions in Davao City Genaro F. Alderite Jr. San Pedro College yhong_jao@yahoo.com 5:30 – 5:45 This study aimed to characterize the competencies of the academic deans among Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Davao City. This sequential exploratory mixed method research used the superiors of the academic deans, the academic deans, the program coordinators and the faculty members as subjects. Ethnographic design was utilized in the qualitative part which had two phases, the key informant interview (KII) where informants were asked on their personal experiences as guided by the approved interview questions validated by experts. The results were used in the focus group discussion (FGD) for further clarifications. Results showed that the competencies of the academic deans are generally categorized into knowledge, skills and attitudes observed in their managerial and supervisory functions. The strengths and weaknesses of the academic deans are primarily from their personal attributes while most of their struggles and challenges are personal and environment-related. The academic deans in the HEIs should have remarkable credentials and should continue improving competencies through trainings. Through competencies, benefits and opportunities can be attained for the dean, the department and the entire academic community. It is recommended that the developed instrument be used to assess, evaluate and measure the level of managerial competencies of the academic deans in the HEIs of Davao City. Keywords: Competencies, Academic Deans, Higher Education Institutions

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Exposure to the English Linguistic Environment, Affective Filters and the Writing Competence of Students


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The Use of e-Learning Management System (Elms) and the Grammar Proficiency of the Grade Six Pupils of the University of the Immaculate Conception Virgion H. Mamonong University of the Immaculate Conception noigriv@yahoo.com 5:50 – 6:05 This study aims to determine the effect to the English grammar proficiency of the Grade Six pupils of the University of the Immaculate Conception after a two-grading period of exposure to (eLMS) e-Learning Management System) software. The study employed a true experimental design specifically the pre-test-post-test design or before-after survey and yields the following findings: There is no significant difference between pretest scores of the control and experimental group before the treatment. There is a significant difference in the mean scores of the pretest and post test of the control group. There is a significant difference in the mean scores of the pretest and post test of the experimental group. Although the mean scores of the experimental group are higher, the test shows that there is no significant difference between the post test mean gain scores of the control and experimental groups after the treatment. Hence, the use of both (eLMS) e-Learning Management System and or traditional approach as strategies in teaching are both helpful in the acquisition and enhancement of the pupils’ English grammar proficiency. Keywords: Application, e-learning, grammar proficiency, UIC, Davao City, Philippines

Education (B) Day 1

Institutional Assessment Using the HCDC Balanced Scorecard: Basis For A Five Year Development Plan Susan S. Cruz Holy Cross of Davao College sansui_ganda@yahoo.com/ hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 1:10 – 1:25 The higher education system is complex and composed of entities, activities and processes that are quite different from the usual business undertakings. These characteristics make it more difficult to evaluate although it has become one of the fastest growing industries in the Philippines and more specifically in Davao City. This growth and the demands of its stakeholders have made performance evaluation a critical issue. Recently, there has been an interest among HEIs in the use of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) for this purpose. This study attempts to determine the usability of this business concept in Holy Cross of Davao College (HCDC). The paper sought to propose a BSC framework and a BSC five-year institutional development plan. The study first determined the BSC perspectives of the institution. Using a descriptive-comparative technique in a non-experimental quantitative design, qualitative data were used to triangulate the insights of the key informants. Percentage, frequency, weighted mean and ANOVA were used to interpret the findings of the study. The research analyzed the performance of HCDC based on the knowledge-based indexes in the four BSC perspectives (financial, customer, internal business processes and learning and growth) of Kaplan and Norton. Using the BSC perspectives as measurement, institutional performance was rated Very Good. However, the results also unleashed critical areas in the performance that needs to be addressed. Presently, implementation of the performance measures in HCDC is already extensive, but there is no considerable record to show that issues were addressed. The paper hence proposes application of the BSC to plan, manage and evaluate performance at HCDC. Keywords: Balanced Scorecard, triangulation, knowledge-based, Holy Cross of Davao College, Davao City

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Education (B) DAY 1 33

Gerlieta S. Ruiz, PhD, Theresa Mae Eroy University of Mindanao gerly55@yahoo.com 1:30 – 1:45 The research study focused on the fears, challenges, and dreams of retired academicians in Davao City. This study used the qualitative phenomenological method of research in exploring the experiences, concepts, and personal insights of the respondents regarding the variables of the study. Result revealed several fears of the retired academicians including financial worries, health worries, “what if ” syndrome and concerns on post retirement. These retired academicians posed health worries as a challenge. They were challenged on how to take care of their well being, and at the time affected by social issues confronting the country at present. They were also challenged in joining federations and organizations of retirees and meeting new people. This research study also showed some dreams of the retired academicians which are mostly family oriented.

Texting Practices and Grammar Proficiency among Tertiary Students in Selected HEI’s Aileen Mae A. Alug, Stefhane Durante and Lilian Dupa University of the Immaculate Conception 1:50 – 2:05 Text messaging has most definitely revolutionized the world and the way people, specifically college students, communicate with others on a daily basis. Thus, this study was conducted to determine the relationship between texting practices and grammar proficiency among tertiary students in selected Higher Educational Institutions in Davao City. Further this study settles if texting affect the respondents’ usage of vocabulary, subject verb agreement and tenses of the verb. The researcher used descriptive correlation design and utilized a total of four hundred randomly selected college students from the HEI’s to answer a validated 2-part Survey Questionnaire. Findings of the study revealed that the extent of respondents’ texting practices in terms of attitude and purpose is moderately extensive. Analysis of the results also revealed that among the level of grammar proficiency the mean is average. Moreover, there is no significant relationship between texting practices in terms of attitude, purpose of texting and grammar proficiency in terms of vocabulary, tenses, and subject verb agreement among tertiary students in selected HEI’s in Davao City. Keywords: Texting practices, Grammar, Proficiency, Tertiary, Philippines

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Retired Academicians in Focus: Fears, Challenges and Dreams


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Assessment Practices of Teachers and the Level of the Geometrical Thinking Skills of 3rd Year Students among Private Secondary Schools in Tagum City Analyn R. Nercuit St. Mary’s College - Tagum 2:10 – 2:25 The study investigated the level of assessment practices of teachers and the level of the geometrical thinking skills of 3rd year students among private secondary schools in Tagum City. A descriptive-correlation was used and so it had determined the differences on the assessment practices of teachers and its relationship on the geometrical thinking skills of the students. Random sampling was used to establish the number of respondents. The study was conducted with the use of validated researcher-made questionnaire and researchermade test. The statistical treatment like mean, analysis of variance and product moment correlation or Pearson-r had given the result that the level of assessment practices of teachers was rarely practiced and the students’ geometrical thinking skills was satisfactory. It was found out that there was no significant difference on the level of assessment practices of teachers when analyzed according to gender but found out that there was a significant difference when analyzed according to school. Also, it was found out that there is no significant difference on the level of the geometric thinking skills when analyzed according to gender but found out that there is a significant difference when analyzed according to school. There is a significant relationship between the level of assessment practices of teachers and the level of the geometric skills. The computed t - value is 3.1186, which is greater than the tabulated t - value of 1.960. As noted in the coefficient of determination, the r2 has a value of 0.2038 or 20.38%. This means that of the total respondents of the study, 20.38% of the variation in geometric thinking skills could be attributed to the variation in the assessment practices of teachers. The rest of 79.62% is a chance variation on the factors that contribute to the assessment practices of teachers though the teachers had maintained the different dimensions of effective teaching of Geometry, however, they cannot hold on to the personal or social problems of the learners such as peer pressure or just close-mindedness about numbers or lack of appreciation in math, to name a few. The findings of this study can provide essential and remarkable inputs to the students, school heads, and community and most especially to the Math teachers for additional development to examine an exploratory pedagogy designed to promote mathematics appreciation through time that involved an infusion of some creative learning enrichment activities into the traditional approach of teaching mathematics, especially Geometry.

The Influence of Grammar and Vocabulary Proficiency on Speaking Competency of the Education Students Maureen D. Aguisando University of the Immaculate Conception 2:30 – 2:45 The idea of proficiency as far as language is concerned has remained a relative term in linguistic parlance. Learners vary in their linguistic competence. They are also prone to both interlingua and intralingua errors, with many having difficulty in expressing their communicative intentions. This paper is aimed at providing insight into analyzing the relationship and influence of grammar and vocabulary to the speaking competency of Education students. The study also sought to answer the level of grammar and vocabulary proficiency, the level of speaking competency in terms of: fluency, pronunciation, sentence structure and word usage of students. The results show that the education students have an average level of grammar and vocabulary proficiency. The level of speaking competency of the respondents is similarly average. The level of grammar and vocabulary proficiency and speaking competency of education students do not have significant relationship. Grammar and vocabulary proficiency do not significantly influence the speaking competency of education students. The study concludes that language proficiency viewed proficiency as little more than grammar and vocabulary but with the start of communicative competence, this emphasis was no longer on grammatical aspects and lexicon but also on ability to use language appropriately in different contexts and the ability to organize thoughts through language. Keywords: Education, grammar & vocabulary competency, speaking competency, education students, Descriptive-design, Philippines

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Education (B) DAY 1 35

Josefina D. Ortega Jose Maria College 2:50 – 3:05 The goal of the present study is to determine the significance of affective filters on the analytic description of spoken language of the 56 Grade Six students of Jose Maria College. Descriptive –correlation method of research was employed using Mean and Pearson r as statistical tools. The study revealed that there was low level of negative affective filter in terms of anxiety, lack of self-confidence and lack of motivation indicating that they are generally confident and motivated to speak the target language. However, their analytic description of spoken language was poor indicating that there was no proficiency in the spoken language. Hence, it was verified and nullified in this study that anxiety, lack of self-confidence and lack of motivation did not influence the spoken language deficiency of the respondents. It is recommended that the institution should conduct similar study to investigate on other factors that may influence the analytic description of spoken language.

Oral Communicative Competence of Second Year Hotel and Restaurant Management Students in the University of the Immaculate Conception Danilo G. Baradillo University of the Immaculate Conception 3:25 – 3:45 Abstract The concept of oral communicative competence dates back to the 1970’s. Linguistic researchers and linguistic learners have been paying close attention to it including its structures and the communicative functions that it performs. This study as anchored on the communicative theory of Canale and Swain which includes three main competencies; grammatical, sociolinguistic and strategic competence was conducted to determine specifically the level of oral Communicative Competence of the second year Hotel and Restaurant Management Students in the University of the Immaculate Concepcion in terms of the voice production, pronunciation, mechanics and content and what intervention program can be designed. In this study, the descriptive-correlational method of research was employed. The study revealed that the level of oral communicative competence of the second year HRM students is on the average level. In the hope of becoming highly competent, the revision of syllabus on English 4 (Speech and Oral Communication) was suggested with the following inclusions in the revision: in terms of voice production and pronunciation, an insertion of the discussion of International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) with the emphasis on the specific sounds like the voiced and voiceless th (ð, θ), tʃ, dʒ, f, ʒ. In terms of mechanics, an inclusion of segmental and suprasegmental and in terms of content, lectures and workshops on speech preparation for special occasion should be considered. Keywords: Oral communicative competence, Oral communicative theory, Hotel and Restaurant Manager students, grammatical competence, sociolinguistic competence, strategic competence, syllabus

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Affective Filters and Analytic Description of Spoken Language of Grade Six Students of Jose Maria College


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Factors Affecting Students’ Decision to Drop Out of School Erikka June D. Forosuelo, Hermogenes C. Orion, Jr, Jean M. Cavalida Cor Jesu College erikkajune@yahoo.com 3:50 – 4:05 The study entitled Factors Affecting Students’ Decision to Drop Out of School aims to find out the reasons why students drop out of school and the factors that relatively contribute to ‘the high dropout rate in order to provide a programme design to identify mode of interventions to address the problem. It is a descriptive-correlational and comparative type of research. Descriptively, results revealed that financial resources were the major reason why students drop out of school. Inferentially, the test of difference of the factors affecting the students’ decision to drop out of school by the number of times they dropped from SY 2010-2011 to SY 2012-2013 showed significant differences in terms of policies and practices, student-teacher relationship, financial resources and academic performance except the nature of the curriculum which shows no significant difference by the number of times the students dropped from SY 2010-2011 to SY 2012-2013. While age, civil status and sources of tuition payment are contributory factors that lead students to drop out of school. Keywords: Education (Discipline of the Study), Drop Out Dilemmas (Concept) Descriptive-Correlational and Comparative Study (Methods), Philippines (Location)

Students’ Misconception in Some Biological Concepts Orcheliza L. Paramo University of the Immaculate Conception 4:10 – 4:25 Many science educational researchers over the past three decades have been documenting on students’ misconception. Misconceptions which may interfere further learning are common among students. Thus, this study primarily aimed to identify students’ misconceptions using researcher-made justification multiple-choice instrument and semi-structured interview. Content boundaries were determined, propositional knowledge statements and concepts map were constructed which served as the bases of designing the instrument and the interview guide. Mixed design was utilized to collect, analyze and interpret the data obtained from 120 freshmen Pharmacy students. Results showed that the students commonly-held misconceptions were on diffusion, cell structure, photosynthesis and respiration. These misconceptions agreed with the many research findings on biological concepts described in the literature. The identified misconceptions may be used to develop and evaluate a two-tier diagnostic test in biology.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Education (B) DAY 1 37

Rinante L. Genuba. Ed. D. University of Mindanao 4:30 – 4:45 The purpose of this study was to determine the significant relationship between the level of acceptance among faculty and graduate students and their performances in the graduate school program with 56 faculty members and 495 graduate students from the different programs. Using descriptive correlation methods with descriptive statistics and analysis of F-ratio, it was established in the study that there is a significant difference in the acceptance of students on the implementation of the term system in the graduate school when analyzed by program in favor of the responses of the Ed. D. students. The findings and conclusions recommended that the UM officials will continue implement the term system since it is beneficial to both faculty members and students and continue in monitoring the effectiveness of the term system implementation to get feedback for the students and faculty members.

Skill Performance and Clinical Core Competency Level of Clinical Pharmacy Graduates of the University of the Immaculate Conception: Basis for Curricular Enhancement Ferlien May G. Baula, RPh University of the Immaculate Conception 4:50 – 5:05 Professional Incompetence has always been a global threat; emerging problems arising in the practice needs immediate response. Specifically, Clinical Pharmacy incompetence is extensive worldwide. American Colleges of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) states that incompetence is rooted down from the inadequate educational background and poor exposure of the students. Consequently, as a response to the call, the objective of this study is to evaluate skill performance and competency levels of graduates and serve as a basis for curriculum enhancement. This descriptive study employs comparative analysis of the different competencies provided by the ACCP. It employed pre-validated questionnaire through OSCE. The respondents were the Clinical Pharmacy graduates of the University of the Immaculate Conception. Percentage Equivalent was used to distinguish the respondents’ skill performance and competency level according to the adapted rating scale. One-way ANOVA was used in getting the significant difference between the five clinical core competencies. Post-Hoc Analysis was used to identify the core competency that needs to be addressed for curriculum enhancement. Results revealed that the only competency, which demonstrated very good skill performance and with a significant difference amongst other competencies is Communication Skill and Documentation. For that reason, it implies that the rest of the core competencies need review to achieve the objectives and function as a basis for curriculum enhancement. Keywords: Clinical Pharmacy, ACCP, OSCE, Clinical Core competency level

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Acceptance of the Term System in Relation to the Faculty and Student Performance in the Graduate School Program of the University Of Mindanao


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Davao Doctors College Tracer Study of Bachelor of Science in Nursing Mary Ann Concepcion C. Pia, RN, MAN Leonardo C. Matunding, RN, MN 5:10 – 5:25 Tracer study is an endeavor to survey the performance of graduates in the job market upon completion of study in the institution. With this, the study aimed to obtain data on the status of the graduates in terms of employability, job status, type of employment, monthly income and employer’s information. The study also aimed to gather information on the graduates’ perspective on the academic program, facilities and the impact of teaching and learning process experienced in the institution. This study utilized a total of 370 of the 4198 BSN graduates of Batch 2003 to Batch 2009 as respondents. Descriptive method was used in the study. As to demographic profile, results showed that most of the respondents are female constituting 55.95% and most of them are single. In terms of the educational profile, results showed that most of them are registered nurses; most of whom have not taken any examinations yet. Further, most of them attended only local trainings and seminars. For the employment profile, the results revealed that most of the respondents are employed with regular status and occupying staff nurse position. After graduation, most of the respondents landed a nursing–related job. For those with non-nursing related jobs, most of them got the job right after graduation and stayed in the job for less than 6 months. Salaries and wages are the common reasons for accepting the job. As to the graduates’ perspective on the academic program, facilities and the impact of teaching and learning process experienced in the institution, most of them cited skills in communication, human relation, critical thinking and problem-solving as the ones they developed which also helped them in landing for a job.

Professional Image, Anger Management and Instructional Leadership of Non -Sectarian School Administrators Nelia R. Pacaña St. Mary’s College of Tagum 5:30 – 5:45 The purpose of this study is to determine whether professional image and anger management significantly influence instructional leadership of non-sectarian school administrators. This study made use of descriptive-correlational method employing a validated questionnaire in gathering data with mean, percentage, pearson r, and multiple regressions as statistical tools. This study was conducted to the one hundred one (101) college faculty of non-sectarian selected colleges in Region X1. Results showed that professional image and anger management are significantly related to instructional leadership. Professional image and anger management have significant influence to instructional leadership of school administrators. It is further recommended that school administrators need to develop their competence, character and commitment to strengthen their professional image as instructional leaders. School administrators may be able to avoid conflict and rigidity in decision making by knowing and managing their emotions like anger. A regular teacherstudent consultation will be done by the teachers to mentor and coach students manage their emotions. Further study is recommended on a wider scope that will include principals, middle administrators, coordinators and teachers. Keywords: Business education, Professional image, Instructional leadership, School administrators, Philippines

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


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Regina Joy E. Malonzo , Dr. Thelma O. Alderite and Ms. Maribeth Q. Galindo University of the Immaculate Conception 1:10 – 1:25

The incidence of HIV/AIDS has been on the rise since the discovery of HIV as the cause of AIDS in 1984 (DOH). Without effective action, the number of HIV cases is going to be larger and more difficult to handle. Indeed, school, community and home are essentials elements of the world’s response to the disease. The study was undertaken to measure the students’ levels of knowledge and awareness and parents’ openness towards HIV/AIDS issues. It also tried to establish relationship between sex, type of school, parent’s openness and level of students’ knowledge and awareness. The descriptivecorrelation method was utilized; data were gathered using a researcher-made questionnaire with validity evaluated and reliability tested. Majority of the 400 respondents was between 16 to 17 years old, more than half were female; more than half registered an average level of knowledge on HIV/AIDS; many were aware that HIV can be transmitted; that there is danger in unprotected sex. They were slightly aware that a mother’s milk could transmit the virus. Parents never discussed sex with respondents, but warned that drugs and alcohol could lead to unplanned and unprotected sex. Age, sex, type of school and parents’ openness did not relate with knowledge on HIV/AIDS issues, while on awareness, only the type of school did. Therefore, the role of the school in HIV/AIDS prevention cannot be ignored. Keywords: Health Education, Knowledge, awareness on HIV/AIDS, parents’ openness, Davao City, Philippines

Bioactivity of Some Philippine Mangrove Species Using Brine Shrimp Lethality Assay Charles Anthon E. Cadorna Philippine Women’s College cecadorna@gmail.com 1:30 – 1:45 Brine shrimp larvae have been used as a bioassay for a variety of toxic substances. The method has also been applied to plant extracts in order to facilitate the isolation of biologically active compounds. In this study, eight Philippine mangrove species viz a viz Rhizophora apiculata Blume (Rhizophoraceae), Sonneratia alba J. Smith (Sonneratiaceae), Avicennia marina (Forssk) Vierh (Acanthaceae), Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. (Combretaceae), Rhizophora mucronata Lam. (Rhizophoraceae), Osbornia octodonta F. Muell (Myrtaceae), Sonneratia ovata Backer (Lythraceae) and Nypa fruticans Wurmb (Arecaceae) have been selected to test for brine shrimp lethality. The bark and leaf were separately collected and investigated for their activities. The most promising extracts with LC50 values of less than 250 μg/mL were the ethanolic extracts of Avicennia marina leaf (LC50 = 49.350 μg/mL) and bark (LC50 = 50.246 μg/mL) extracts; Sonneratia ovata leaf (LC50 = 249.928 μg/mL) and bark (LC50 = 25.442 μg/mL) extracts; Rhizophora apiculata leaf (LC50 = 8.749 μg/mL) and bark (LC50 = 18.290 μg/mL) extracts; Rhizophora mucronata bark (LC50 = 86.689 μg/mL) extract; and Lumnitzera racemosa leaf (LC50 = 197.505 μg/mL) and bark (LC50 = 56.001 μg/mL) extracts. Among the plant test samples, Rhizophra apiculata leaf extract is the most potent with a median lethal concentration (LC50) of 8.749 μg/mL). Keywords: Brine shrimp lethality assay, Philippine mangroves, LC50, potent

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Factors Determining the Knowledge and Awareness of HIV/AIDS among Fourth Year High School Students in Davao City  


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The Effectivity of Mayana (Coleus scutellariodes L. Benth) Leaf Extract as an Alternative for Lugol’s Iodine in Staining Common Protozoan Parasites Queen Jane M. Bacon, Joan L. Abdul, Mayflor D. Awyan, Sittie Sara K. Dumo, Jerel M. Labajo, Amor J. Samoraga University of the Immaculate Conception 1:50 – 2:05 There is currently a limited number of available biological stains. Mayana (Coleus scutellarioides L. Benth) is a colourful plant said to have biological staining capability. This study focuses on the effectiveness of Mayana extract as an alternative stain for Lugol’s Iodine in staining protozoan parasites. The principal method carried out in this research is the rotaevaporation utilizing the extract of Mayana (Coleus scutellarioides L. Benth) leaves soaked in 95% ethyl alcohol. The pure Mayana extract was diluted with 100% ethyl alcohol into 5%, 7% and 10% concentrations. Positive specimens for Entamoeba coli, Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia were collected from selected Davao hospitals. These specimens were stained with three different concentrations then graded for the following: clarity, integrity, and contrast in comparison with the Lugol’s iodine as the control. The results of the study revealed that the optimum concentration of Mayana (Coleus scutellarioides L. Benth) extract that can give an effective result was at 7% and 10% concentration. The nucleus and chromatid bodies, and the axostyle of Giardia lamblia in said concentrations revealed a very detailed and cleared picture of the intestinal structure of the common protozoan parasites. Keywords: protozoans, staining, Mayana, Biological stain, nucleus, chromatid bodies, axostyle

Birds Species Updates within the Protected Area in Southern Philippines Geonyzl L. Alviola Davao Doctors College geonyzlalviola27@gmail.com 2:10 – 2:25 Birds are always used as biological indicators in most ecological studies. Each bird species correspond to its niche and endemic species are mostly specialist. This study aimed to update the species accounts of birds found in Malagos Watershed. Point count and mist-netting effort were used to identify the birds within the area. A total of 62 species of birds consisted with 32 residents, 17 Philippine endemic, 6 Visayas-Mindanao endemics, 6 migratory and 1 species as resident-migrant. It was found out there were six unobserved families such as Oriolidea, Ardeidae, Apodidae, Coraciidae, Scolopacidae and Sylvidae. However, nine bird species were added in the list such as Artic Warbler, White-breasted Waterhen, Philippine Frogmouth, Greater Flameback, Barn Swallow, Philippine Falconet, Reddish Cuckoo-dove and Chinese Goshawk. Philippine Frogmouth and Philippine Falconet were endemic in the country and the least concern based on red data list. There were 102 birds accounted combining all avian studies done in the area. Therefore Malagos Watershed is a disturbed forest fragment inhabited by different avian species. 

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Health, Health Education, & Environment (A) DAY 1 41

Rvin John T. Servillon, Mary Claire C. Dingal , Marvielyn C. Lusica, Maria Kristina A. Yamson, Mark John B. Balonebro, Florence B. Alzate, Mary Jane Barluado University of the Immaculate Conception 2:30 – 2:45 The increasing mortality from drug resistant bacteria especially Staphyloccocus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa is alarming. Newer, stronger, and expensive antibiotics are formulated which could heighten toxicity to human system. Thus, there is a need to discover alternative medicines from natural resources like plants. This study explored the potential of ripe evergreen avocado (Persea americana) peel extract’s antibacterial property. The avocado peels were subjected to ethanolic extraction. The extract was preliminarily screened for its phytochemical components which were found to be cardenolides, bufadienolides, 2-deoxy sugar, unsaturated steroid/triterpenoid, unsaturated lactone, and flavonoids. The antimicrobial activity of P. americana peel extracts against the reference strains of S. aureus (ATCC 25923), P. aeruginosa (ATCC 27653), Methicillin-Resistant S. aureus (ATCC 43300) and five clinical isolates were carried out using the disc diffusion technique using commercial antibiotics Vancomycin and Cefepime as positive control. One-Way Analysis of Variance and Post Hoc Multiple Comparison tests were employed to determine the peels’ efficacy. The Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) test revealed 17.5µg/mL for S. aureus, 140µg/mL for MRSA, and 35µg/mL for P. aeruginosa. Hence, the evergreen Avocado crude peel extract was shown to be as effective antibacterial agent against the test organisms as the commercial antibiotics Vancomycin and Cefepime as positive control. Keywords: Antibacterial, Avocado (Persea americana), Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Multi-Drug Resistant Clinical Isolates

Exploring the Dimensions of Filipino College Students’ Condom Use-Self Efficacy Henry C. Encabo, MSEdMEv hencabo@yahoo.com Brokenshire College 2:50 – 3:05 This study explores the dimensions of Filipino college students’ condom use self-efficacy beliefs using the Condom Use Self-Efficacy Scale (Bradford and Beck, 1991). There were five hundred eighty (N=580) college students who participated in this study. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to explore and test the derived factor structures. The exploratory results revealed four dimensions: Partner’s Pleasure, Sexual Prejudices, Appropriation, and Assertiveness. This structure was later collapsed into better 3-factor model fitting. The results also indicate how Filipino college students’ condom use self-efficacy beliefs have shown similarities and differences with the models found in literature. Keywords: self-efficacy, condom use

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Antibacterial Activity of Avocado (Persea americana) Peel Extract Against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Multi-Drug Resistant Clinical Isolates


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National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

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Motivating Men Who Have Sex with Men Closet Gays to Get Tested for HIV Dr. Elizabeth M. Malonzo, Dr. Ramil Cubelo, Edgar Japeth Bautista Brokenshire College 3:25 – 3:45 Men having Sex with Men (MSM) have the 2nd highest prevalence rate in Davao City. Being closeted is a deterrent for getting tested for HIV, thus this study was conducted to determine how to motivate closet gays to be tested for HIV. We conducted interview to seven identified closet gays from November to December 2013 with guide questions that identify key features and preferences of why they are closet gays and why they did not submit themselves for HIV testing. Participants reported that they did not consider themselves at risk being unaware that HIV is asymptomatic. They are not willing to come out for fear of social stigma in their workplace and the severity of antihomosexual attitudes in their family and community. They prefer to emphasize confidentiality, respect and professionalism of the personnel conducting the Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT). HIV testing among the closet MSMs, interventions need to be based on motivational messages that encouraged participants to overcome the fear of getting tested, and highlight the risk perception for those who do not consider themselves at risk. Finally, another factor that motivates them to get tested is the venue where the test will be conducted and where the center is located because of the difficulties associated with revealing one’s sexuality identify as gay. A closet gay person may choose to come out to family or intimate acquaintances or to people they have met in the gay community while keeping their gay identity separate from the rest of their lives. “Hiding and passing as heterosexual becomes a lifelong moral hatred of the self; a maze of corruptions, petty lies, and half truths that spoil social relations in family and friendship” (Herdt and Boxer, 1993). Motivating them to get tested for HIV include interventions aimed reduce the fear of getting tested and increase the risk perception of the participants. They reported emphasis on confidentiality, respect and professionalism of the personnel conducting the VCT and the venue of the center where the test is conducted. Keywords: closet MSM gays, motivation to get tested for HIV, Davao City

Phytoremediation Potentials of Selected Tropical Plants against Lead (Pb) Liberty L. Cabad, Engr. Juvie Pauline L. Relacion, Jinny C. Junco, Jhon Donnald M. Canonoy, Sire Froilan S. Coronel, Alberto B. Tapon Jr. University of the Immaculate Conception 3:50 – 4:05 A study on selected tropical plants as potential agents for phytoremediation against lead is necessary because lead is one of the most dangerous metals when ingested through oral means and is the root of severe health problems which can cause people to experience seizures, lack of muscle control, and numerous other neurological problems and even death. This study dealt with the possibility of utilizing some plants with phytoremediation properties, which could be a potential alternative to a costly and dangerous hazardous waste treatment and disposal system of lead-contaminated materials in the Philippines and elsewhere. This study also helped to determine which of these plants has the greater capability in detoxifying the soil. This investigation used a descriptive comparative method. Three garden replicates that contain 5 boxes each were used. Each box held 200g of soil and 5g of Lead Sulfate (PbSO4). The tropical plants used were radish, squash, tomato, carabao grass and talahib grass. The replicates were then observed for 30 days. Findings revealed that Carabao Grass has the highest accumulation rate value with 86.6% leaving the four plants with a great gap. This study concluded that the selected tropical plants have the potential in cleaning up polluted soil especially with Lead (Pb). Keywords: Environmental science, Lead, phytoremediation, tropical plants, health issues, descriptive comparative, Philippines

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Health, Health Education, & Environment (A) DAY 1 43

Dannalyn D. Ibañez, Theresa T. Eguia, Jules King C. Defensor Davao Doctors College danna_rrt@yahoo.com 4:10 – 4:25 Assessment of competence in RT (Radiologic Technologist’s) is very important in every healthcare delivery system because this is the area where a radiation dose is given to a patient. A study was conducted in selected hospitals in Davao, Tagum and Digos City to assess the competence of the RT in terms of exposure factor selection. The assessment was to compare if there is a significant difference in the RT’s competence who are users of the film-screen system (traditional) between computed radiography system (digital). Accuracy in selection of exposure factors is very important in a film-screen system because one mistake can peril a radiograph, while digital system has a wider dynamic range that oftentimes no longer needs precision. Questionnaires and practical evaluations were used to gather the data. It was found that there is a significant difference between the RT’s level of competence. The results showed that the users of the traditional system have higher competence in terms of skills and attitude. The findings are very useful tool for enhancement of the RT professionals, as well as a basis for updating the RT curriculum in the Philippines. Keywords: RT competence, Radiographic competence, Film-screen vs. Computed Radiography

Physical and Chemical Parameters of Selected River Waters in Davao City Hanah Jane R. Rosel, Jonal T. Bungabong Terence Jay M. Resada, , Kenler S. Alonsagay, Carl Christopher B. Taer, Fransric M. Tinampay and Noel V. Laud University of the Immaculate Conception 4:30 – 4:45 The rapid increase in population, urbanization, and industrialization reduces the quality of Philippine waters, especially in densely populated areas and regions of industrial and agricultural activities. Thus, in Davao City there is also a need to regularly monitor the quality of river waters to assure their normal conditions. This study assessed the water conditions of Talomo River and Davao River. Specifically, it aimed to measure the changes in pH level, dissolved oxygen, water temperature, coliforms and transparency of the Davao City rivers. The study used descriptive comparative method to evaluate the waters of the two rivers, specifically in terms of contaminants and other pollutants. In gathering data, the researchers implemented the standard chemical and physical protocols on pH level, dissolved oxygen, Coliforms, Temperature, Transparency and Visual, daily water discharge and sediment discharge measurements. Findings revealed that the waters from the two rivers have high alkalinity; with dissolved oxygen greater than 7.5 mg/L; high fecal coliform count in CFU high at 16,000 colonies per 100 mL; high degree of turbidity; experience drastic change of temperature; indicate an increase of water discharge after the rain and they showed disparity in sediment discharge with Davao River reporting a greater value compared to Talomo River. These parameters indicate that the two rivers have deteriorated in terms of quality waters when compared to the previous assessments as reported by EMB (Environmental Management Bureau). Keywords: Environmental Engineering , Physical and Chemical Parameters, Bankerohan and Talomo River, Descriptive, Laboratory-analyzed data, Philippines.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Radiographic Competence of Radiologic Technologists between Film-Screen System and Computed Radiography in Exposure Technique Factor Selection


Health, Health Education, & Environment (A) DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

44

Preliminary Acute Toxicological Analysis and Profiling of a Commercially Available Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) Xanthone Capsule Kenny James Merin University of the Immaculate Conception 1:10 – 1:25 Mangosteen is known for its wide variety of healing properties, but studies on toxicity are insufficient. Toxicological profile of commercially available Garcinia mangostana xanthone capsule was evaluated using a true experimental research design. Acute oral toxicity and toxicant category were employed. After the test animal was administered with xanthone capsule, biomarker such as Alanine Transaminase (ALT), Serum Glutamic Pyruvate Transaminase (SGPT), Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) and Serum Creatinine levels were evaluated using the Swiss albino mice. Histopathological (liver and kidney) analyses were identified and determination of mutagenicity and heavy metals (Cd, Pb and Hg) were also employed. Results reveal that acute oral toxicity dose had zero deaths from 300, 2000 up to 5000 mg/kg. This classified in category 5 as nontoxic (OECD 423). ALT/SGPT value of 125.00±21.9317 was higher than the normal (0-41 u/L). BUN (7.75 ± 0.1858) and serum creatinine (93.00±20.0749) exhibited higher than the normal at 1.78-6.07 umol/L and 44 umol/L, respectively. There was abnormal bearing acute inflammation with congestion and fatty changes in liver and kidney. This means the sample may cause hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. Analysis on positive likelihood ratio of 1.333 was higher than the negative ratio of 0.6667 while kidney had 1.333 higher than the negative ratio of 0.6667. No revertant colony was observed using Salmonella typhimurium TA98 compared to the benzene (368 colonies). It was within the allowable limits for lead (0.003) and mercury (0.002) however, cadmium exceeded the limits of 0.01 having a mean of 0.23. Keywords: Pharmacology, Toxicology, Garcinia mangostana, xanthone

Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 1

Achieving Optimal Administration of Medications with a Lean Clinical Pharmacy Team in a Tertiary Healthcare Institution Annabelle A. Ribo, RPH & Ferdinand Z. Ribo, RPH University of the Immaculate Conception 1:30 – 1:45 The hospital setting is a place rife with medication errors. Medication errors are a clear and present danger. It is a serious health issue as it is the most common medical mistake harming 1.5 million lives per year while costing an estimated $ 887 million in additional medical costs, which is preventable in the first place. There are many types of medication error among them are administration errors, which are the second most prevalent after prescribing errors. A local Philippines study showed that the administration errors are likely to be committed by nurses. This study described the methods and strategies employed by small clinical pharmacy team in a tertiary hospital in improving administration of drugs and reduction of medication errors. Analyses have shown that medication errors are the leading single causes of errors in the hospital, costing 7,000 lives yearly in the US, and that is by conservative estimates only. No Philippine data are freely available. Factors contributing to administration errors were identified to be primarily due to professional factors characterized by lack of knowledge, skills and attitudes. It is followed by managerial, work-related and personal factors. No mention was made of a clinical pharmacist’s possible contribution. Keywords: Clinical Pharmacy, medication error, administration error

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 1 45

Sharon J. Ramos, Ruel A. Brillantes (deceased), April C. Demerin, Imelda I. Perez, Jesus Fred G. Raquel, Evangeline G. Villanueva Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 1:50 – 2:05 Seagrass beds are among the most important marine resources. These marine ecosystems have undeniably catered life both humans and various marine species. However, despite its own share of risks, seagrasses remain the least studied among tropical coastal ecosystems. The aim of the study was to profile and monitor the seagrass species in Barangay Tambo and Barangay Camudmud in the Island Garden City of Samal from June 2011 to June 2012. The SeagrassNet monitoring protocol was used in gathering data. Descriptive statistics namely; frequency, percentage distribution, ranking and Pearson r correlation were employed in the data analysis. Six seagrass species were found in both study sites, with Cymodocea rotundata as the most dominant. The distribution of seagrass species was greater in Tambo than in Camudmud. Transect B or mid depth station was highly abundant with seagrasses. The biggest seagrass bed expansion in the two sampling areas was observed in April. While species composition and water depth were negatively correlated in Barangay Tambo, these two were not related in Camudmud. On the other hand, species composition and canopy height were positively correlated in Tambo and not in Camudmud. Although findings indicate that there were no major losses of seagrass in the study sites during the monitoring period, the literature provides evidence that there is widespread decline of seagrasses globally. Thus, an education campaign aimed at conservation of seagrass communities was designed. Keywords:Seagrass profiling, seagrass monitoring, SeagrassNet, HCDC Stewardship Program, marine ecosystem stewardship, Brgy. Tambo, Brgy. Camudmud, Samal Island, Philippines

Climate Literacy of Davao City Residents in Coastal Areas: Basis for the Development of an Information Brochure Ma. Teresa M. Gravino & Princy A. Luga University of the Immaculate Conception Lucila T. Lupo Davao Doctors College 2:10 – 2:25 Climate literacy specifically on the awareness about climate change should be inculcated in the minds of the people. Some may have already known about it but it is necessary for everyone to have greater or even full knowledge about it because not only some are affected, but everyone. Thus, this study was conducted to determine the demographic profile and the level of awareness of climate literacy and mitigation measures of the residents of six selected coastal areas in Davao City, namely, Sasa 11, Brgy. 76A, Bucana, Matina Aplaya, Talomo, and Gulf View. Further, this study determined the mitigation measures of the respondents in terms of the respondents’ actions that reduce the impact of climate change. The researchers used the descriptive-correlation research design and utilized a total of four hundred twenty eight randomly selected residents to answer a three part Survey Questionnaire. Pearson product moment coefficient of correlation was used to determine the relationship between the respondents’ awareness on global warming and global climate change, and their corresponding mitigation measures. Chi-square tests were used to ascertain the association between the respondents’ demographic profile and awareness on global warming and global climate change; and between the respondents’ demographic profile and their corresponding mitigation measures. Findings of the study revealed that the respondents’ overall awareness on global warming and global climate change, though moderate in correlation are both significantly correlated to their actions to mitigate the impact of these phenomena. Analysis of the results also revealed that among the demographic variables, sex and educational attainment are significantly associated while age, socio-economic status and length of stay in the area are not significantly associated to the overall level of awareness on global warming. On the other hand, only age and educational attainment show significant association to the level of awareness on global climate change. Moreover, analysis revealed that, age and educational attainment show significant association while sex, socioeconomic status and length of stay do not show significant association to the actions of the respondents to mitigate the impact of global warming and global climate change. Keywords: climate literacy, global warming, global climate change, awareness, mitigation measures

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Profiling and Monitoring of Seagrasses: Marine Ecosystem Stewardship of Holy Cross of Davao College


Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

46

Prospective ex vivo Determination of Food Glycemic Index by Yeast Fermentation System Mary Jane G. Barluado University of the Immaculate Conception 2:30 – 2:45 Glycemic Index (GI) measures how carbohydrate-containing or sugary food raises blood glucose. Consumption of high GI food has been associated with many chronic conditions like obesity and diabetes, hence monitoring of dietary GI is important. However, the standard method to determine GI is tedious, costly and uses human subjects. This study investigated the possible utilization of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) fermentation system in ex vivo determination of sugar GI. Clonal S. cerevisiae were incubated in separate media containing known concentrations of test brown and white sugars and glucose as reference sugar. The concentrations of the unfermented sugars were measured at 25-minute interval for 100 minutes to plot the yeast response curve to each sugar. Using the standard incremental area under curve (IAUC) and GI formula, the calculated GI for brown, 125, was lower than the calculated GI for white sugar, 132, via the yeast system. This sequence is consistent with the sugars’ published GIs obtained via human subjects. Hence, S. cerevisiea may be developed as a simple alternative system in measuring food GI. Future biotechnology work on S. cerevisiae carbohydrate metabolism and mathematical remodeling of the IAUC and GI formula to suit GI determination using S. cerevisiae system are recommended. Keywords: Biotechnology, Glycemic Index, Carbohydrate, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Fermentation, Incremental area under curve (IAUC)

Post Trauma Stress Syndrome due to Militarization Activities Dennis C. Padernilla dc_padernilla_rn@yahoo.com University of Mindanao 2:50 – 3:05 Post-traumatic stress syndrome has a great influence or has a greatest effect among soldiers especially in their mental and psychological aspect after having militarization activities. However, this post traumatic stress can be prevented through effective coping mechanism and by early identifications of those signs and symptoms and by providing immediate attention by the health care providers. Being physically, psychologically, socially and mentally fit is considered an optimum requirement for soldiers. This study aimed to determine what are the existing symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorders (PTSD) among soldiers at Eastern Mindanao Command Armed Forces of the Philippines, Naval Station, Panacan, Davao City, Philippines. The respondents were randomly selected through a purposive sampling. The data on PTSD symptoms were gathered through questionnaire. The data revealed that rank and educational attainment have significant relationship. However, age and numbers of years in service have no significant relationship. This indicates that the respondents who usually belong to lower position and low educational attainment are more prone of developing post traumatic disorder. The researchers recommended that there would be a post traumatic stress debriefing among victim soldiers and provide health teachings regarding symptoms Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Keywords: Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome, Coping Mechanism, Health Care Provider, Mental Health

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 1 47

Teresita Q. Adriano, Francis Kenneth D. Canono, Juvy P. Amad University of the Immaculate Conception 3:25 – 3:45 Three centuries had passed since the medical world had pinpointed cigarette smoking as a deadly health hazard. Study after study revealed that it is the causes of many terminal diseases like cancer, heart ailment, chronic bronchitis, to name a few, and the major cause of millions of premature deaths year after year, here and abroad. Despite this harsh reality and however great the campaign effort of concerned organizations to curb if not stop cigarette smoking, the problem related to it continuously that surge today it has invaded the lives of youth hooked into smoking consternated concerned organizations throughout the world and caused them to conduct rigor campaigns against cigarette smoking. Considering a different perspective to contribute to cigarette smoking cessation campaign, this study explored the factors affecting smoking habits among 400 youths in Davao City. Specifically, it tried to find out the correlation between the relationships between the various correlates: awareness on bad effects of smoking, peer influenced, environmental factors, psychological factors and smoking habits in terms of the level of frequency in smoking. Findings revealed that peer influence/ environmental factor and psychological factor and level of frequency of smoking were significantly correlated. It suffice to mean that the more exposed the youth were to their circle of smoking friends and family members, the more they smoke and that smoking gave them pleasure and calmness. The findings also revealed an insignificant correlation between awareness on bad effects with the level of frequency of smoking. This means that the more the respondents were on its bad effects, the lesser they engaged or did not engage in smoking at all. Keywords: Health, youth, habits, bad effects of smoking, Philippines

Thin-Layer Chromatography and Bioautography Analyses of Active Phytochemicals in Knobweed (Hyptiscapitata, Lamiaceae) Dried Leaf Extract Rogelio Rivera Jr.,RPh & Kathleen Bersabal, MSPh University of the Immaculate Conception 3:50 – 4:05 Infectious diseases affect many people and considered as a major health threat leading to death. Accordingly, of concerns is the Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains that cause serious diseases.  Discovering new antibacterial agents from plants may address the problem on MRSA infections.  Mindanao is abundant with plants and specifically, Knobweed (Hyptiscapitata), which is used by Ata Matigsalog for the treatment of wounds and boils. The pharmacological characteristics of this plant can be attributed to the phytochemicals. Crude extract was taken from fresh leaves and subjected to susceptibility test using MRSA. Zones of inhibition were documented and revealed that the crude extract is very active. Dried leaves were subjected to the thin layer chromatography (TLC) technique where the crude extract containing the combined phytochemicals were separated. Seven spots were observed indicating the separation of each phytochemical. Spots 1, 2, and 3 of solution A produced the hRf values of 73.52, 82.57, and 85.52, respectively. Spots 1, 2, and 3 of solution B resulted to hRf values of 72.17, 81.38, and 84.75, respectively. Lastly, hRf of 96.44 is obtained from a spot produced in solution C. Each spot was tested for antibacterial activity in bioautography analysis using MRSA and showed not effective against MRSA. Finally, the semi-purified extract was compared with the zones of inhibition produced by the crude extract, which showed to have a significant difference. Keyword: Bioautography, Hyptiscapitata, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Thin Layer Chromatography

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Factors Affecting Smoking Habits among Davao City Youth from Selected Schools


Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

48

Type of Examination, Academic Preparation and Performance of BSN III Students of Davao Doctors College Izrafahd U. Bansuan, Gemma G. Perez, Joseph Omar S. Apolinar Davao Doctors College 4:10 – 4:25 The study aimed to determine the academic preparation and academic performance of the nursing students in relation to the type of examination they take in NCM 104 which is a Nursing Care Management subject. The study was prompted by an observation that during periodical examinations, students were not exerting enough effort in studying upon knowing of a purely multiple choice type of examination. The study utilized an experimental research design, where the researchers correlated and compared the academic preparation and the academic performance of the respondents. The respondents were BSN III students categorized into control and experimental groups. The control group was mind-set to be given purely multiple choice of examination, while the experimental group was mind-set to be given a mixed type of examination. To determine the respondents’ academic preparation, validated survey questionnaire was used indicating the time spent in studying and the quality of studying done. The results showed that there is no significant relationship between the academic preparation in terms of quality of studying and the academic performance of both the control and experimental groups. However, there is a significant relationship between the academic preparation in terms of the time spent in studying and the academic performance in both two groups. The results implied that students, who are mind-set to be given not purely a multiple type of examination but a mixed type, will spend more time in studying thoroughly the concepts in order for them to answer the test questions regardless of their study habit (quality in studying). With these findings, mixed type of examinations is recommended during periodical examinations though still having multiple choice in most of the items. Keywords: Health, Type of Examination, Academic Performance, Experimental, Davao City

Training Needs Analysis of Barangay Health Workers of Davao City Madeleine Tupas and Louie Dagangon Davao Doctors College HYPERLINK “mailto:louiedagangon@yahoo.com” louiedagangon@yahoo.com 4:30 – 4:45 The study was focused on finding out the level of competence and training needs of Barangay Health Workers (BHW) of Davao City. The study utilized the descriptive,-correlational and comparative research designs involving 270 BHWs and 15 BHW district presidents, conveniently selected as respondents of the study. A visayan-translated questionnaire was constructed and tested for reliability for easy understanding by the respondents. The study found that majority of the respondents are middle adults, female, married, roman catholic, high school graduates, had 6-10 years of service as BHW and are city-paid. They are fairly competent on the different areas for training and development in terms of knowledge, skills and attitudes. The respondents identified all areas for training and development as “highly needed” wherein the healthcare of children in terms of nutrition is rated the highest. On both the level of competence and training needs urgency of the respondents, there is no significant association on their demographic profile. Furthermore, there is no significant relationship between the training needs urgency and the level of competence of the respondents. There is also no significant difference between the level of competence of the respondents when grouped according to their demographic profile. Finally, District 9 was found to be consistently “not competent” in all areas of competency while District 12 was found to be “not competent” only in the areas of Skills and Attitude. Although the rest of the districts were found to be fairly and moderately competent, training is still needed in all districts. Keywords: Barangay Health Worker; Training Needs Analysis; Needs Urgency; Knowledge, Skills and Attitude

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 1 49

Vicente E. Montaño vicentemontano70@yahoo.com.ph University of Mindanao 4:50 – 5:05 The rapid urbanization in Davao City brought environmental problem especially along the riverside community at Bankerohan. This paper tries to measure the level of environmental awareness and environmental responsibility of the riverside residents. Using the cluster method, the research determines the environmental attitude and behavior of significant group of residents and through discriminate analysis method, distinguishes the indicators that separate the groups’ environmental awareness and responsibility. There are three types of riverside residents, the first group comprising of 40 percent of the residents have a very high level of environmental awareness and responsibility and the second group comprising 50 percent of the residents have a high level of environmental awareness and responsibility. The last group comprising 10 percent of residents have moderate level of environmental awareness and responsibility. In addition, the last group demonstrates low level of reuse of materials and household hygiene. The variance of analysis confirms that the three groups have significant differences in their environmental awareness and responsibility. The first group differs significantly with the next two groups in terms of household hygiene, reuse and recycle, while the second group differs significantly with the last group in terms of reduce and waste disposal. Keywords: Attitude towards the environment, Cluster Analysis, Discriminant Analysis, Davao City, Philippines

MATH (Math Education, Pure and Applied), ENGINEERING and TECHNOLOGY (A) DAY 1

Characterization of Quasi-Invertible Matrix Ruben D. Cordero Jr. and Melvin Manayon University of Mindanao 1:10 – 1:25

A matrix A = [aij] is a rectangular array of numbers with m rows and n columns. A is left invertible if there exists a matrix B such that AB = I and right invertible if BA = I. A is quasi-invertible if it is either left or right invertible. We call B the quasi-inverse of A.In this paper, we determine the sufficient conditions for the existence of the quasi-inverse for some non-square matrices and provide characterization and exhibit some properties. Throughout this paper, we consider an m x n matrix where m = n – 1 or m = n + 1.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Environmental Awareness and Responsibility among Riverside Residents at Bankerohan River Davao City


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

50

Profiling the Flooding in the University of the Immaculate Conception Annex Campus Jan Paolo L. Mariano, Joseph Richard G. Terania, Julius A. Sumampong, Renan P. Limjuco and Ramon P. Hinlog Jr. University of the Immaculate Conception 1:30 – 1:45 Flood is a natural phenomenon that is frequent and widespread all throughout the world, making it the most hazardous phenomenon of all natural hazards. With floods’ atrocious effects, many innovations and studies were conducted to minimize their catastrophic consequences. Government sectors have mandated people living in flood-prone areas to embark in purchasing flood insurance and to construct flood-resistant structures. Immense efforts to alleviate and redirect inevitable floods are recommended and tried in various engineering efforts. The prevention efforts against flood by analyzing its causes and assessing the drainage system of the flooded area have become the utmost concern of the researchers. This prompted them to assess the drainage system of the University of the Immaculate Conception (UIC) in Bonifacio Campus to identify the main reason of flooding. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the following data such as peak runoff and discharge capacity, have been sourced out through direct fieldwork and they have been analyzed through the application of descriptive analysis, and hydrologic and hydraulic computations. Descriptive method, specifically case study was used to profile the drainage system and also determine the difference in surface elevations inside and within the perimeter the UIC Bonifacio Campus. Also included in the assessment were the environmental factors such as depth of rainfall, and the formation of sludge in a drainage system which affects the effective area of channels and the volume of flood. Problems, like the clogging of one exit point that caused alteration of the runoff flow, have been detected. Keywords: Engineering, flooding, University of the Immaculate Conception, Annex Campus, assessment, descriptive approach, Philippines

Acceptability and Shelf life of Chocolate Cookies Formulated from Breadnut Seed Severina P. Velos,Marivel B. Go, Antonieta V. Minyamin, Rosita Bagsit and Romeo G. Pableo CebuTechnologicalUniversity severinavelos seve767@yahoo.com 1:50 – 2:05 This study aimed to determine the acceptability of chocolate cookies formulated from the mixtures of breadnut seed flour (BSF) and all purpose flour (APF) and the shelf life of the most acceptable cookie. The cookies were prepared in different ratios of APF and BSF in percent (0:100, 25:75, 50:50, 75:25, 100:0) with 100% APF served as the control. The five formulations were evaluated by the 50 consumers. And the most acceptable cookies were evaluated for its shelf life. Results showed that all formulated breadnut cookies were acceptable, scoring 6.5 based on the 9-point hedonic scale. The cookie with 75% BSF was the most acceptable based on general acceptability score. There were no significant (p<0.05) differences on the sensory properties being tested to the cookies made from BSF up to 75 % compared to the control. The cookie prepared with 100% BSF differ significantly (p< 0.05) in flavor and general acceptability with the control. Its water activity (aw) of 0.295 indicates that the proliferation of microorganisms was inhibited. As a result the coliform, mold and yeast count were within the standard limit of 103cfu/g. Thus, the product was safe with guaranteed desirable sensory properties for six months. Keywords: Millennium goal, underutilized crop, blended flour, sensory evaluation, storage study

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology Day 1 51

Roxanne Ozoa University of the Immaculate Conception 2:10 – 2:25 This investigation attempted to characterize three classes of utility plastics, namely, commercial, oxobiodegradable and laboratory-made ones in terms of selected properties such as density, thickness, strength, heat-resistance and others. Further, this investigation explored the practical uses of laboratory-prepared plastics with respect to the tested parameters.

Development and Utilization of a Modified Resonator Tube Apparatus for Sound Wave Experiments Alwielland Q. Bello

(ORCID no. 0000-0002-2298-3939) alwielland@gmail.com Natural Sciences Dept., Bukidnon State University, Malaybalay City, Philippines 2:30 – 2:45 Acoustic resonance is a physical phenomenon in which in-phase sound waves combine together to produce maximum amplitude; on the other hand, out-of-phase sound waves cancel each other to produce minimum amplitude. The purpose of this study is to investigate and demonstrate this phenomenon with the use of a reliable device. This study requires a modified resonator tube apparatus to be developed and fabricated from locally-available materials for the purpose of demonstrating resonance and normal modes of sound waves. Air column length versusharmonic number (L vs n) and frequency versus harmonic number (f vs n) experiments were performed together with open-pipe and stopped-pipe procedures. For L vs n experiments, deduced value of speed of sound is 337.79±0.94 m/s at 760 Hz for open-pipe taken at 29°C; and 357.72±9.34 m/s at 412 Hz for stopped-pipe taken at 25°C. For f vsn experiments, deduced value of speed of sound is 337.09±5.98 m/s at 2.30 m for open-pipe taken at 25°C; and 345.92±5.55 m/s at 1.60 m for stopped-pipe taken at 30°C. Results had shown that the modified resonator tube apparatus is accurate and precise within 5% margin of error. Therefore, the apparatus is a reliable device in demonstrating acoustic resonance phenomenon in the physics classroom setting. Keywords: Physics, Sound Waves, Resonance,Normal Modes, Experimental Method

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Materials Testing for Commercial, Oxo–Biodegradable and Laboratory–Made Plastics


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

52

Assessment of the Electrical Energy Utilization of the University of the Immaculate Conception Ma. Nanette S. Casquejo University of the Immaculate Conception E-mail add: Ma_nanette_casquejo@yahoo.com 2:50 – 3:05 This study was conducted to assess the electrical energy utilization of the University of the Immaculate Conception (main building), Fr. Selga St. Davao City. Specifically the study attempted to know the profile of the resources of the university in terms of the facilities and equipment with corresponding rating monthly utilization. The existing electrical system was also assessed and evaluated in terms of load distribution and connection, load profile and wire sizes of the feeders with corresponding size of protective device, if these conform to the latest provision of Philippine Electrical Code of standards. The average load consumption of the equipment was also determined. The two-year power consumption was also identified to assess if there were a significant difference in the yearly electrical energy utilization. The electrical maintenance practices of the University were also determined and lastly the methods of conserving energy were also discussed. The study used descriptive method and a walk through energy audit. It also uses a self constructed interview guide questionnaire and energy audit checklist. The result of the study shows that the university’s electrical power consumption is mostly contributed to the energy utilization of ACU’s, Computer units and lighting. Keywords: Energy Management, Energy conservation management, Electrical system for commercial buildings. Maintenance of School Buildings

Estimating Program Effect of the 6-unit English: The Difference-in-Differences Estimator Adrian M. Tamayo University of Mindanao 3:25 – 3:45 The University of Mindanao introduced the 6-unit English as an intervention program to enhance the students’ learning and for the eventual assimilation to the industry through an improved communication skills advantage. It was introduced in 2007, 5 years passed and an evaluation of the program is deemed prime. Using the ordinary least squares on differencein-differences functional models, a statistically significant coefficient estimates were obtained indicating positive impact of the intervention program. The program showed a “pull-up” effect in English with students who completed the program showing performance in the course congregating in the higher average as opposed to those who did not. In this study, the control group was the sub-population of the first students which assumed to have no program effect of the 6-unit English; the treatment group was for the higher year students. While estimation revealed positive difference attributed to the program, a deeper evaluation may make a more inclusive evaluation analysis. Meantime, it is recommended that the Language Department, the unit that administers the intervention program may establish a database system for all the diagnostic exams conducted to students. Also, a close monitoring and evaluation system may be developed as a matter of program management. Keywords: intervention evaluation, 6-unit English, difference-in-differences

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology Day 1 53

  Eric John G. Emberda,Nikko Paolo P. Gumia, LezlieHane T. Agonia,Krisphine F. Cubelo, and Vina J. Montefalcon University of the Immaculate Conception 3:50 – 4:05

Every city in the world is faced with the challenge of peace and order, and Davao City is not an exemption. Crime rates rise and decline due to many factors. The police forces are in the front row of all these. Crimes can be prevented if there is a good police visibility. However, there is an issue of scarcity with the number of police forces. Thus, there is a need to properly distribute the workforce to different areas of the city. One way to do this would be to analyze the occurrences of crimes and determine the factors associated with them. This research is conducted to be able to analyze the crime incidents of Davao City under the jurisdiction of Sta. Ana Police Station with the use of Apriori algorithm. This research employs a Constructive Research Methodology which is often used for research associated with Computer Science and Information Systems. Results show that the raw data acquired from the police station needed more cleaning because it affects the accuracy of the system. Keywords: Crime Mapping, Geographical Information System, Apriori, Computer Science, Crime Pattern, Pattern Analysis

Alternative Transistorized Hearing Aid: Sound Amplifier Engr. Limic M. de la Calzada II, Marivel B. Go, Dev.Ed.D., Engr. Dante T. Vallente, MA.Ed., Zosimo J. Villarino, Ph.D.T.M., Rex V. Culpable, M.T.E., Glyne P. Bate, Dev.Ed.D., Engr. Michael Avenido, Antonieta V. Minyamin, Ed.D., Joseph Emmanuel V. Gador, M.Ed., Severina P. Velos, Dev.Ed.D. Cebu Technological University 4:10 – 4:25 This study aimed to produce an alternative transistorized hearing aid with a rechargeable battery which could be used as an instructional device for electronic classes. This further aimed to test its benefits to the selected hearing impaired respondents. The respondents underwent two tests namely: Pure Tone Audiometry (PTA) Test and Aided Test. The PTA test was done to determine the respondents’ threshold of hearing whereas the aided test was done with the use of haring aid to determine the respondent’s aided threshold, an indication whether there’s an improvement in the respondent’s hearing ability. Based on the findings, Pure Tone Audiometry test results showed that most of the respondent’s have difficulty in detecting low and high frequency components of speech because their threshold of hearing fall within the range of moderately severe to profound. On the other hand, aided test results as certified by Manila Hearing Aid Center confirmed that most of the respondents’ aided thresholds fall within the average banana speech spectrum. This means that wearing the device has improved their hearing ability to normal speech conversation level. As an instructional device, the device is able to demonstrate the amplification capability of transistors. This implies that the device provides potential benefits to individuals with hearing impairment, also, an effective instructional device specifically in the explanation of the amplification of sounds. Keywords: Pure Tone Audiometry, Aided Test, Hearing Impairment, Amplifier and Transistor

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Crime Pattern Identification Using Apriori Algorithm with GIS Mapping


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology DAY 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

54

Self-Assessment on the Significance of SAP B1 Integration through Learning Experience: A Basis for Enhancement of the ERP Subject Module Kristine Mae M. Adlaon University of the Immaculate Conception kadlaon@uic.edu.ph 4:30 – 4:45 High student satisfaction for a particular course can be attributed to their learning experience. Depending on how much activities they perform, more learning experience is acquired. This study was conducted to determine the level of learning experience of the junior and senior UIC-ITE students for the ERP-SAP Business One (SAP B1) course. The researcher utilized the descriptive-indirect research method with the use of survey-questionnaire. Four constructs have been given focus: SAP B1 as a subject, SAP B1 as a software tool, confidence level of students, and technical concerns of students. The results of the study show that there is a significant difference between the learning experiences of students with regards to the different constructs identified by the researcher. Furthermore, junior respondents had a higher learning experience compared to the seniors. Keywords: Information Technology, SAP Business One, Learning Experience, Enterprise Resource Planning, Descriptive –Indirect Method, survey, Philippines

Computational Modeling and Simulation of a Clinical Linear Accelerator Performance for General Radiotherapy Purposes Andelson L. Berondo1, Lilian V. Rodriguez2 & Alwielland Q. Bello3 1 Cancer Center, Davao Doctor’s Hospital, Davao City, Philippines 2 Radiotherapy Dept., Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center, Metro Manila, Philippines 3 Natural Sciences Dept., Bukidnon State University, Malaybalay City, Philippines 4:50 – 5:05 In radiation therapy, Monte Carlo method was a standard procedure for absorbed dose calculations; yet it was often very frustrating due to long computation requirements and complex programming. Monte Carlo method was soon revitalized since the introduction of Geant4 framework purely written in C++ object-oriented language. This study utilized opensource Geant4 codes for modeling and simulation purposes. These codes were executed to simulate the performance of an Elekta Compact linear accelerator based on the available manufacturer’s specifications. A 6-MV photon beam spectrum was modeled by transporting 2 billion 6-MeV primary electrons to hit a tungsten target from a 0.5 mm gun filament radius with spatial energy of 0.127 MeV and angular distribution of ±30o. Depth-doses were computed at 1.04 to 30 cm along the central axis of a voxelized water phantom. Validity of the simulated data was verified by comparison with experimental measurement. There was a close agreement between simulated and measured beam data. Normalization errors were equal to 4.6% for 10 x 10 cm2; and 3.9% for 15 x 15 cm2 field sizes. Computing efficiency has improved when using condensed-history technique. Therefore, the Geant4 framework can create model and simulate complex geometries of a linear accelerator facility with improved reliability, accuracy and efficiency. Keywords: depth-dose, Elekta Compact, Geant4, linear accelerator, Monte Carlo, water phantom.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology Day 1 55

Cesar Ian P. Benablo University of the Immaculate Conception 5:10 – 5:25 Computer and technology literacy has become a necessity in the information age. As much, human resources within an organization need to be able to catch up the fast paced brought about by technology advancement. The Support Services Personnel (SSP) of the University of the Immaculate Conception has been one of the essential human resources of the institution needing reinforcement for computer and technology literacy enhancement. This study was conducted to assess their knowledge and skills level with respect to the usage of office application like word processing, spreadsheet application, and presentation tool, as a prelude to a training program to be administered to them. Survey questionnaire and hands on testing were conducted. Results show that the SPPs have difficulty in using a spreadsheet application while computer is seen to be at a fair level. Keywords: Information Technology, Training Needs Assessment, Software Literacy Assessment, Survey, Diagnostic Testing, Philippines

UM Hasnet.com Project of the Electronics and Communication Engineering: An Evaluation Rolieven P. Cañizares and Esther Consuelo Tan HYPERLINK “mailto:rolvn2000@yahoo.com” rolvn2000@yahoo.com University of Mindanao 5:30 – 5:45 This descriptive study was conducted to evaluate the level of satisfaction of the partner organization in the implementation of the UMHasnet.com Project of the Electronics and Communication Engineering of the University of Mindanao. Thirty respondents from the partner organization were selected to be the respondents of the study. For the focus group discussion, five members from each partner organization join the activity. Results from the study would give feedbacks about the project. These feedbacks will be used to improve its implementation. The findings of the study revealed that the partner organizations are satisfied with the implementation of the project particularly the training and seminars given to them. However, they suggested that the implementation of the computer maintenance component of the program should be improved.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

IT Needs Assessment of the Non-Teaching Personnel of the University of the Immaculate Conception


Social Science / Humanities Day 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

56

Cultural Diversity and Social Behavior of Fourth Year High School Students: An Ethnographic Study Joseph T. Militante and Florence R. Rivera Rizal Memorial College 1:10 – 1:25 This study was conducted through personal observation and interaction with fourth year high school students of Sto. Tomas National High School using an ethnographic approach in gathering the data. The research questionnaire was made of open ended questions on the cultural diversity and social behavior among fourth year high school students. The findings revealed that students’ management of cultural diversity in the classroom was found to have resulted to different beliefs and, understanding students’ tribe, the value of self worth helped them to respect one another. Students’ orientations of tribe practices have manifested excitement in going to school. Moreover, it was revealed that a successful management of social difference and social behavior despite cultural difference can be achieved by respecting varied differences. Each classroom provided a different socio-cultural context and student’s experience of relationships changed. Some aspects of relationship and students perception has remained the same such as students being friendly towards others, while others were selective with whom they chose to spend time with. Keywords: Cultural diversity, social behavior, ethnographic study, social differences, and belief and reaction

Traditional Culinary Arts: The Recipes of Davao’s Ten Tribes Glyd Jun Arañes Philippine Women’s College 1:30 – 1:45 The purpose of this research is to collect ingredients, materials and recipes from the five Lumad and five Moro tribes administratively recognized by Davao City, and to analyze how culture affects their cooking. These five Lumad tribes are the Ata-Manobo, Bagobo-Tagabawa, Jangan-Clata, Matigsalug, and Uvu-Manuvu; while the five Moro tribes are the Kalagan, Maguindanao, Maranao, Sama, and Tausug. This research draws its data from cooking demonstrations, focus group discussions and interviews of expert cooks. It is found that the traditional culinary arts of the Lumad and Moro tribes are dependent on geographical resources. And because of foreign influences, there is a process of “fusion” where ingredients or materials used in cooking utilize modern methods. Keywords: Lumad, Moro, traditional culinary arts

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Social Science / Humanities Day 1 57

Francis Kenneth D. Canono, Emma N. Ramos, John Gregory A. Manapol University of the Immaculate Conception 1:50 – 2:05 Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) has been aired for 20 years in some television networks worldwide. Among the many issues that this sport is facing is the violence that goes with it during the event. Despite this alarming scenario, aficionados and sport enthusiast are still hooked in its television concepts and formats, this study explored to determine the level of popularity and acceptability of UFC sport among youth and parents. It also assessed whether there exists a significant relationship between the mentioned variable. This study made use of the descriptive design, specifically correlation to establish reliable data with regard to its popularity and acceptability as a sport through the survey questionnaires. (α= 0.739 for awareness and α= 0.873 for acceptability). Findings revealed significant relationship in terms of the level of frequency of watching UFC and acceptability; (p-value<0.05). On the other hand, it showed that there is a significant relationship between popularity and acceptability (p-value<0.05). These would mean that the more exposed the youth and parent to this sport, the more that they have learned to accept UFC not only as an entertainment but also as a standard sport event. Keywords: Ultimate Fighting Championships, sport, aficionados, violence, Philippines

Self-Motivation of Lumadsand Family Factors on Career Guidance Capability: An Ethnographic Study Norberto M. Teodoro, M.D. Rizal Memorial College 2:10 – 2:25 The study was conducted in the four (4) provinces of Davao Region namely: Compostela Valley, Davao Oriental, Davao del Norte and Davao del Sur, involving four (4) groups of lumad professionals consisting of 20 respondents, five from each of the following tribes, Mansaka, Mandaya, Ata and Blaan. It looked into the influence of self-motivation and family factors affecting the career guidance capability of lumad professionals. It employed qualitative analysis using the ethnographic study method, although it also had quantitative presentation since numbers and percentage were used. Research instruments used were guides for the following: In-Depth Interview, Focus Group Discussion and Key Informant Interview. Respondents had at least one parent who was a pure lumad as certified by the Office of the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples and/or organization of lumad professionals. The important research findings are: the lumad had a self-motivation, they struggled hard, even rebelled against certain family or tribe policies and practices, had a high aspiration that was why they never surrendered in their quest for education no matter what odds were. In terms if family factors, a great majority admitted that they were financially disadvantaged relying only on farming on a 0-5 hectares area with an exception of one who claimed to have 21 or more hectares. Typical of poor indigenous people, their dwellings were made of light materials, had no expensive personal possession, uneducated, had big families since couples generally did not practice family planning. While they were studying, they transferred from parents’ house to boarding house or employer’s house as they moved from one level of education to another. After working so hard they are now happy working on a job which many of them got a year or so after graduation. They vowed that their children would not experience what they went through. Many of their stories seemed to be taken out of soaps from television of they could be used as materials for soap. Keywords: Lumads professionals, self-motivation, family factors, career guidance capability

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

The Popularity and Acceptability of Ultimate Fighting Championships among the Aficionados and Sports Enthusiast


Social Science / Humanities Day 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

58

Catholic Identity through the Lens of the Stakeholders of Catholic Schools Randy A. Tudy, PhD randytudy@gmail.com CorJesu College, Digos City 2:30 – 2:45 Amidst the challenges and scandals within the Catholic Church and the negative influence of contemporary world, Catholic schools are faced with a question how Catholic they are. Catholic identity refers to the life and mission of Catholic schools. The main purpose of the study was to define Catholicity according to the perspective of the stakeholders of the Catholic Basic Education schools in Region XI, Philippines. It employed both qualitative and quantitative research designs. Focus group discussions (FGDs) among school administrators and representatives were conducted which resulted to the identification of four major criteria, namely; Faithfulness to the Mission of the Church, Christ-centeredness, Culture and Witnessing of the members of the School Community. To validate these criteria, a survey questionnaire was formulated and distributed to the schools’ stakeholders. The findings revealed that the four criteria received potential strength rating. No significant difference was found on the 3 criteria, except for Culture. However when grouped according to locations, stakeholders from the city rated higher than those in the provinces. Thus, study affirmed the effectiveness of the Catholic schools to remain faithful to their identity as Catholics while it posed a challenge to move from potential strength to clear strength. Keywords: Religion, Catholic Schools; Catholic Identity; Descriptive Study, Philippines

Loco Parentes Support on Scouting Activities and Leadership Potentials of Boy Scouts Pelicardo R. Pantaleon Jr. and Danilo M. Canda Rizal Memorial College 2:50 – 3:05 Inspite of the BSP’s strong pursue of training and producing young leaders through varied scouting activities, classroom teachers have still experienced problems in the attitudes and behavior of some Boy Scouts like showing negligence of their responsibilities, becoming unruly during troop meetings and others were involved in bullying and stealing in school and even in the community. In view of this, this study was conducted to determine the significant relationship between loco parentes support on scouting activities and leadership potentials of boy scouts. Participants of this study were the grades 4, 6 and 6 class advisers, school BSP coordinators and school heads of the fourteen (14) elementary schools in Sta. Cruz North District in the Division of Davao del Sur. This study employed the descriptive-correlation research, mean, ANOVA, and Pearson-r. Results disclosed that there is a significant relationship between the loco parentes support on scouting activities and leadership potentials of boy scouts. It also revealed a significant difference on the leadership potentials of boy scouts when analyzed according to grade levels. Keywords: Loco Parentes, scouting, leadership, potentials, correlation

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Social Science / Humanities Day 1 59

Armando B. Parantar University of the Immaculate Conception 3:25 – 3:45 This study entitled “The Essence of Note-taking” grapples with the main wonder on the part of the researcher why students, no matter how necessary personal notes are in learning, still do not take notes during class lectures. It specifically attempts to answer the following: first, what is the essence of note-taking, and second, what are the favorable and unfavorable experiences of the students who take and do not take notes? This work employs a qualitative and phenomenological approach to explore and describe the experiences of two groups of college students who take and do not take notes. They come from the departments of Liberal Arts, Engineering, Pharmacy and HRM (Hotel and Restaurant Management) of the University of the Immaculate Conception, Davao City. The first group is composed of eight students who keep the habit of note-taking. The second group of students is composed also of eight students without the habit of note-taking. The basis of the selection of the students to comprise the grouping is purposive; it is determined first in the initial invitation that they either take or do not take notes and with the gauge of their open attitude to expressing or communicating their experiences clearly.The results of the study reveal that note-takers consider notes (1) to activate the mind, (2) to make learning personal, (3) to help in test preparations, (4) to complete their learning materials, and (5) to work well with the visual and kinesthetic learners. On the other hand, non-notetakers unveil their positions that notes are (1) limiting and limited, (2) burdensome, (3) timeconsuming, and (4) unnecessary for auditory learners. The finding has inferred from the revelations of the two groups that notetaking is both necessary and not, depending on the types of learners. For the visual and kinesthetic, it is indispensable; but an auditory learner does not need it. An analysis of the study suggests that teaching strategies must adjust with the types of learners a mentor has. In addition, notetaking must not be a compulsory requirement on all students; it shall be taken just as one of the multiple ways of learning. Keywords: Education, essence, notetaking, qualitative, focused group discussion, learners, Philippines

Discourse Analysis of Persuasive Language in Philippine Print Advertising Edroslyn J. Fernandez, PhD Holy Cross of Davao College, Inc. hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 3:50 – 4:05 This qualitative study employed discourse analysis of persuasive language of 115 print advertisements of beauty products from one year issue of three local magazines. Thorough data analysis showed that persuasive language of print advertising is embedded in indirect convincing through an appeal to emotional needs, an appeal to celebrity image, and an appeal to colonial mentality of consumers. Furthermore, persuasive language is embedded in analogy by using of metaphor and future events. Results also showed that the syntactic and semantic features of print advertising in Philippine context include the use of adjectives, time expressions, figurative language, clipping, blending, poetic devices, imperatives, code-switching, and problem-solution structure. An interesting social issue generated from the result of the study is the myth of women’s agelessness and perfection. It is recommended that a similar study be conducted to radio and television advertising to improve the practice of advertising language that is reflective of culture, behavior, and educational practices. Keywords: advertising, discourse analysis, persuasive language, print advertising

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

The Essence of Notetaking


Social Science / Humanities Day 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

60

Competing Standpoints of Code-Switching in Classroom Instruction of the Pre-Secondary Teachers Prescila S. Baquerfo, Ph.D. St. Mary’s College of Tagum, Inc. 4:10 – 4:25 Switching from the English to the native language becomes very natural and ordinary occurrence in classroom instruction both in colleges and universities around the country. Classrooms reflect the use of code-switching for intellectual discussions among teacher and students. The amount of shifting from English to the native language increases when students interact with the teacher in their lessons. This exploitation predominates not only in classrooms but everywhere around the country most particularly in media, like talk shows, variety shows, commercials, sports and newscasts. This qualitative study aimed to analyze the types and functions of code-switching in classroom instruction of the pre-service secondary teachers and to investigate their different standpoints on the use of code-switching in classroom instruction. The results revealed that among the types of code-switching, intra-sentential was the most regular type used by the participants, followed by Intersentential, and the least was tag. The result further revealed that addressee specification came out to be the function that was frequently used by the participants. Reiteration came next followed by message qualification. Interjection and direct quotation were found to have very minimal instances. Personalization or objectivization was never found in the analysis in the three content areas. From the positive and negative standpoints of the participants on the use of codeswitching in classroom instruction, the result revealed seven major themes that emerged. For the positive standpoints, the major themes extracted from the core-ideas were interpersonal communication enhancer, lexical difficulty replacer, and lesson enhancer. For the negative standpoints, the major themes were oral communication barrier, habit, vocabulary deficiency and dependence on first language. Keywords: Education, classroom instruction, code-switching, pre-secondary, Davao City, Philippines

Organizational Culture and Work Performance among the Higher Educational Institutions in Region XI, Philippines Maria DynahTeñoso-Petilona University of Southeastern Philippines and Brokenshire College Email: dynah_micro@yahoo.com 4:30 – 4:45 This study aims to determine which of the organizational culture strongly influences work performance. This will give a true measure in attaining a high performance culture. The cultural traits indices include adaptability, mission, involvement, and consistency, level of job satisfaction, organizational commitment, leadership qualities, and conflict management style. Work performance indicators include faculty performance, number of research output, number of instructional material developed, and number of accredited academic programs, professional licensure performance, and trend in gross enrollment rate. This study will utilize both quantitative and qualitative type of research design. Thematic analysis will be undertaken out of the open ended questions that would relate to to work performance. It will cover 30 HEI’s in Region X1, Philippines recognized only by CHED and to be responded by regular faculties’ utilizing universal purposive sampling. A modified adopted and self designed instrument will be used utilizing primary and secondary data. The statistical tools include mean, pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression analysis.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Social Science / Humanities Day 1 61

Mary Jane G. Barluado, Renan P. Limjuco, Babes Mariel Cedeño,Pamela Tripoli, Herly Bebero University of the Immaculate Conception 4:50 – 5:05 The Hardy-Weinberg Principle is used to determine the passing of genetic traits through generations in random-mating populations that are not affected by the evolutionary processes of mutation, migration, or selection. It is used to predict transmission of traits of known alleles and genotypes. This study tested the applicability of the Hardy-Weinberg Principle for traits of known phenotypes (physical characteristics) without the need to determine the traits’ genotypes (genetic basis). The study used quantitative descriptive design in evaluating the frequencies of five selected phenotypic traits and the genetic disease thallasemia for three generations in three separate populations in Davao City. The frequency data were then analyzed for the traits’ homozygosity/ heterozygosity in the family respondents. The results of data analyses showed consistency with the Hardy-Weinberg equation, p2 + 2pq + q2 = 1 (where p and q are the two alleles) for all three Davao populations. This means that the Hardy- Weinberg Principle may be utilized to predict traits transmission even without the need to determine genetic basis. Keywords: Population Genetics, Hardy - Weinberg Principle, Thalassemia, Phenotypic Traits, Alleles, Philippines

Teachers’ Self – Efficacy and Learning Outcomes of the Grade Six Students April Jean L. Pacilan St. Mary’s College of Tagum 5:10 – 5:25 This study dealt on the level of teachers’ self-efficacy and the learning outcomes of the grade six students among Tagum City Central District. Descriptive – Correlation method was employed to the level of teachers’ self-efficacy and the learning outcomes of the grade six students through the researcher-made questionnaire. The following statistical tools were used: mean, t-Test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Pearson r (r2). Results showed that the level of Teachers’ selfefficacy between genders is similar; however, they vary significantly when they are classified into school. Students differ significantly in their learning outcomes. Male students showed better learning outcomes compared with the female. Based on the result, Teachers’ self-efficacy significantly affects the learning outcomes of the students; however, only 12.96% of the variation on the learning outcomes of the students is attributed to the efficacy of teachers. Recommendation of the study stressed among others the need for teachers to be creative and innovative in introducing new ideas and techniques to their mixed-ability learners and give more attention to the less advantage learners, likewise, on the provision of analytical activities to improve strengths and weaknesses of their students in terms of their capabilities, skills and talents.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

The Hardy - Weinberg Principle in the Transmission of Thalassemia and Selected Phenotypic Traits for Three Generations in Random-Mating Population


Social Science / Humanities Day 1

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

62

Information Technology Strategic Management of Higher Education Institutions and Competence of Technical Teachers in Relation to the Computing Skills of Students Roberto T. Diamante John Paul II College of Davao Ecoland Drive, Matina, Davao City 5:30 – 5:45 The primary purpose of the study was to gauge the information technology strategic management of higher education institutions and competence of technical teachers in relation to the computing skills of students in Region XI employing the descriptive-correlational method, using three types of standardized questionnaires in gathering data with Mean, and Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient were the statistical tools used, results showed that a significant relationship existed between information technology strategic management of higher education institutions and competence of technical teachers. However these two variables have no significant relationship with the computing skills of students. A more detailed study is therefore needed in order to explore other factors that may influence the computing skills of students, like; student’s background and information, student’s self-concept, learning attitudes, learning strategies, study habits and orientation, and satisfactory and confidence level; to name a few. Keywords: Education, Information Technology, Competence, Technical Teachers, Philippines

Business, Business and General Education, & Governance DAY 2

Street Food Business: Its Prospects and Opportunities Christine Mae S. Limosnero, Adeline Abella Darwin Lara, Jayson Tunog, Rey BongihunPacquiao Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 1:10 – 1:25 Most people perceive street foods as carrier of communicable diseases but the street food’s prospects and opportunities are promising. It is for this reason that the researchers undertake this to study. Street foods are typically described as a wide range of ready to eat foods prepared in public places. Economically the street food business a low capital to get it started. Some examples of the items offered by the street food business are: barbecue, kwek-kwek, siomai and takuyaki. Most often families earning low income are the customers of street food business in the Philippines. The researchers used a descriptive-sum approach. There are One Hundred (100) respondents. All are street food business owners operating in Davao City, particularly in the school premises of Holy Cross of Davao College, University of Mindanao, San Pedro Street and Uyanguren Street. Result show that the students are common customers of the street food business. Furthermore, the researchers also found out that street food business provides great opportunity not only for the people to have access to diverse inexpensive foods, but it also provides an income-generating avenue for the people who do not otherwise have access to a large amount of capital or less equipped for a skill-based job.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance DAY 2 63

Emma V. Sagarino, Azenith D. Cabulang, Rodelio E. Dayrit, Merry Chris R. Orillaneda, Duckny Jean B. Pacatang and Orlando B. Rubi University of the Immaculate Conception 1:30 – 1:45 Networking is a marketing method which a company taps agents to reach potential customers that could not be contacted by traditional online or offline marketing methods. Being an agent in this kind of marketing endeavor can be challenging. It is evident that many college students have become networkers of various distribution companies in Davao City. Considering that schooling is always demanding and that the students are in a dilemma as to which activities should be prioritized, the researchers were prompted to explore the experiences of college students as networkers. In particular, the study focused on the marketing mix the entrepreneurial students utilized to attain their objectives vis-à-vis the motivation and the difficulties they encountered. The 12 study participants were identified through snowball sampling. In-depth interviews were conducted and recorded interview results were transcribed, categorized, and themes were identified through the emergent approach. Findings of the study revealed that the commodities, which were typically marketed by networkers through direct selling included nutraceutical such as dietary supplements, and herbal products. Networkers attributed their success to the sufficient and appropriate trainings and workshops they participated, observance of favorable business practices, the highly motivated team they belong to, the effectiveness of product they endorse and the appropriate integrated marketing communication they utilized. Difficulties encountered affected their academic and health status. Keywords: business, networking, entrepreneurial students, marketing attributes, motivation and downside, in-depth interview, snowball sampling, Davao City, Philippines

Banking Industry Preferred Skills and Employability Skills of Graduating Marketing Students in Selected Tertiary Schools in Davao City Rose F. Tabañag, Erlah Noro and Alexa Dompor Assumption College of Davao 1:50 – 2:05 The purpose of this study was to determine whether employability skills of graduating Marketing Students matched with the banking industry preferred employability skills. The study employed descriptive survey research design with the total of 67 respondents, they were 57 graduating Bachelor of Science in Bus. Administration major in marketing students of the selected colleges and university in Davao City and 10 selected employer of banking industries in Davao City. In the level of employability skills of graduating marketing students in terms of: communication skills, interpersonal skills, conceptual skills and technical skills were found that they were very good in all terms of employability skills. In the level of banking industry - preferred skills in terms of: communication skills, interpersonal skills, conceptual skills and technical skills were found that the interpersonal skills were obtained the highest rated score compared to the other skills. A significant difference among students’ employability skills when grouped according to gender were found. Also, there is a significant difference among employers preferred skills and employability skills of graduating marketing students when grouped according to banking industry. The result suggested that the institutions must be aware of the different skills and capacity of the students to identify the strength and weaknesses on their employability skills and must pay attention to the learning process that would develop and enhance their employability skills to meet the standard set by the employers.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Understanding Networking: Marketing Attributes Vis-À-Vis Motivation and Downside


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance DAY 2

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Level of Knowledge and Consumer Response on Integrated Marketing Communication of Selected Fast Food Centers in Davao City Stephanie Anne D. Soriano, Emma V. Sagarino, Kenneth Joseph A. Allida, Erma Marie G. De los Santos, Christian Harvey T. Mateus, Melody Jobell A. Olivo, Luis Anton H. Pacana University of the Immaculate Conception 2:10 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 2:25 Integrated Marketing Communication (IMC) as an approach to reach the target market of a particular brand or product is instrumental in achieving market-related objectives of various businesses. IMC requires large investment and for this reason the researchers were motivated to find whether the efforts of marketing agencies are really working. Thus, this investigation intended to gauge whether the consumers have really absorbed and responded well on the stimuli about Jollibee Foods and McDonalds on the last quarter of 2012. This study used the descriptive correlation design. It was conducted in the downtown area of Davao City, particularly in the streets of Ilustre, Bonifacio, Anda, San Pedro and CM Recto. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data and this contains 6 multiple choice questions and 8 Likert-scaled questions. Results showed that 48.75% of the respondents are fairly knowledgeable towards sales promotion strategies used by the said fast food chains. Further, respondents are responsive towards these strategies such as provision of affordable meals and offerings of discounts. However, in this study, statistical data have not established the significant role of Integrated Marketing Communication to entice consumers to patronize fast food products. Keywords: Marketing research, knowledge, integrated marketing communication, fast food centers, Davao City, Philippines

Enrolment Management and Students Satisfaction on Enrolment Procedure Editha B. Floro, June Rojas, Rosbell A. Sta. Teresa Greggyson E. Hong, Raphael H. Delgado Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 2:30 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 2:45 Enrolment Management and Students Satisfaction on Enrolment Procedures is the problem discussed in this study. The researchers aim to improve the service quality and enrolment management on the institution of Holy Cross of Davao College. The instrument used for this research is survey questionnaire which is divided into 3 parts such as: part 1 profile of the respondent, part 2 degree of effectiveness and part 3 level of satisfaction. The respondents of this study are the College of Business students such as Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, Bachelor of Science in Accountancy/ Accounting Technology, Bachelor of Science in Customs Administration and Bachelor of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Management in which 100 respondents every program were taken for a total of 400 respondents. By using the Weighted Mean it was derived that the 400 respondents Agree on the degree of Effectiveness of the process. The Level of Satisfaction of the respondents is Much Satisfied. Using the ANOVA, the result of this marketing research revealed that there is no significant relationship between the Degree of Effectiveness and Level of Satisfaction, when respondents are grouped according to profile. Keywords: Enrolment management, student satisfaction, enrolment procedure, degree of effectiveness, level of satisfaction, HCDC

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance DAY 2 65

Allan A. Cervantes, Don Alfonso Lauriquez, Michael John Villapaz, Jay Mark Geonzon Ronnie Gementiza, Jonnyser Riveral Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 2:50 – 3:05 The study revealed, after statistically treating the gathered data that all students passed in Seamanship 3 M subject. In fact, there were only few students with grades ranging from 75 to 79. It too revealed that all respondents passed in Seamanship 3M CBT. The academic performance ranged from 84 to 89. The findings were actually worthy of recognition since they both implied that learning indeed took place. Such findings satisfied the descriptive questions under the statement of the problem. After applying the Pearson, r statistical tool, the study revealed that there was low significant relationship between the two variables being measured. In other words, the null hypothesis was rejected. However, such result posted question. If learning indeed took place in both areas and since both did have the same subject matter, then how come there was only low relationship. After analyzing the findings, the researchers believed that low relationship occurred probably because there might be topics in the classroom instruction that were not present in the Computer-Based Training Module or it could be the other way. Based on the said possible cause of low relationship, then there is a great need to review the content of CBT modules in relation to their corresponding technical subjects. Other technical subjects might have the same problem with this current study. If such is the case then this study can serve as basis for the content review on the part of the CBT service providers so that alignment can be done between the content of CBT modules and that of elements required by CHED as per mandated by STCW.

Job Performance of Police Desk Officers in Selected Police Precincts in Davao City Paulino Mendoza, Jr., FrancizRegidor, RaffyTabunares, Kari Ann Bitgue Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 3:25 – 3:45 The growing population of Davao City entails more people would need the services of the police. It is therefore necessary to determine the job performance of Police Desk Officers, particularly in the views of those who have personally brought concerns to police stations. This quantitative study using descriptive survey design involved disseminating questionnaires among 30 Holy Cross of Davao College community members. By utilizing frequency count, percentage, mean, t-test and ANOVA, results showed that formal reports and complaints that reach Police Stations in Davao City are more common among females than males. The community commonly fall victims to property crimes than person crimes, alarms and disturbances. They also tend to formalize complaints when they are victims themselves. Among the police stations in Davao City, Sta. Ana Police Station receives most of the complaints from HCDC community members. The HCDC community perceives the performance of police desk officers in selected police precincts of Davao City as good. No significant difference was found in the perception of the HCDC community on police desk officers’ job performance when they are grouped according to sex, reason for contacting the police, capacity in contacting the police and police station. Therefore, sex, reason for contacting the police, capacity in contacting the police and police station do not influence the job performance of the Davao City Police Desk officers. Results implicate that regardless of complainants’ background and the police station reporting to, police desk officers provide almost the same service. Generally, police desk officers are attentive, reliable, responsive, competent, well-mannered and fair. Keywords: Job Performance, Police Desk officers, Police Precincts, Complainants

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Relationship between the Academic Performance of Students In Computer-Based Training and Seamanship 3m Subject


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The Marketability of an Event Organizing Business in Davao City Hancel Marquez, April Angelique Tarongoy, Kelvin Jay Aseo, RosliSulaiman, James Chin, Kentha Javier, Felix Dave Castillo, Lorenzo Coloma, Nicko Florence Geraldeand Prof. CarifelJuaban University of the Immaculate Conception 3:50 – 4:05 This research caters to collecting all the background information, preferences, needs, and wants of the potential customers of event organizers which offer fixed packages with fixed price and customizable packages with flexible price in the City of Davao. Its purpose is to identify the deficiencies of event planning services offered in the market nowadays and to arrive at the best possible solution hereafter. The survey was conducted with 150 respondents from various and random places in Davao City. The respondents were demographically categorized according to gender (male and female) and age (teenagers, 20-29 y/o & 30 years old and above). The event organizing business’ marketability is one of the major concerns of this study. It was evaluated in relevance to the marketing mix such as promotion, product/service, pricing, and place. The promotion aspect comprises different tools such as the use of internet and social media, bridal fairs, word of mouth, newspaper ads, and television ads. Most of the respondents of this research came across the event organizing business through internet advertisement, followed by word of mouth and bridal fairs. These potential customers highly prefer customized packages with flexible price than fixed packages with fixed price. A large percentage chose Php100, 000 and above, followed by Php 50,000-100,000 and Php 25,000-50,000. A majority of the respondents preferred and were more inclined to choose event organizers through commercial offices rather than stall malls due to accessibility and convenience. This market research will enable us to develop the best service we could offer the market based on the customers preferences.

Police Performance of Davao City Police Office (DCPO) as Perceived by Detainees of Selected Police Stations in Davao City Arlene Cervantes, Apple Jane Masalta MantaniTaug, Jr Paul Levis Lumaad Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 4:10 – 4:25 Police as the front liner of the criminal justice system in the Philippines has the primary duty and responsibility in maintaining the peace and order in the community. The main purpose of the study was to determine the police performance of Davao City Police Office (DCPO) as perceived by the detainees of the selected police stations in Davao City. Researchers used the descriptive design with 50 detainees from selected police stations and gathered data through the use of a survey questionnaire which was subjected to validity test. Frequency count, percentage, t-test and ANOVA were utilized as the statistical tool in analyzing the gathered data. Results showed that the detainees of the selected police stations in Davao City were favorable with the performance of Davao City Police Office in terms of prevention of crimes, investigation of crimes, maintenance of law and order and conduct of police towards the public. Perception of the detainees vary significantly when grouped according to educational attainment and station detained. The Davao City Police Office (DCPO) is efficient in preventing crimes, investigating crimes, maintaining law and order and conduct towards the public with regards to their police performance. Educating the community through crime prevention seminars, avoiding the use of violence or threat in acquiring confession, avoid mocking or humiliating someone to incite them to violence and not using the status or authority as police officers remain as a challenge for the Davao City Police Office in improving their police performance.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Business, Business and General Education, & Governance DAY 2 67

Michael Dan P. Dionaldo, Lea T. Gaudiano, Nikkie R. Enriquez, Rafael Ponce de Leon, Virgilio O. Garcia II, Yuchel Corvera, Rizaldy de la Cruz and Prof. Carifel Juaban University of the Immaculate Conception 4:30 – 4:45 The proposed business, VeGGieVille Restaurant, is vegetarian concept restaurants which exclude meat products and are healthy. This concept is derived from the issue of insufficient provider of vegetable and fruits cuisines and also to address the problem of a time consuming preparation of healthy meals. A market research for the proposed business was done to evaluate and determine the acceptability of a vegetarian concept restaurant within the vicinity of Davao City. The research was also conducted to determine the trend in vegetarian consumption of the selected respondents. The study was done through Desk Research and structured survey questionnaires to gather relevant information pertaining to the taste preference and food selection of the respondents. The gathered data and results indicated that an introduction of a vegetarian restaurant here in Davao City is acceptable and the respondents give merit to vegetable and fruit consumption which would entail that consumer would avail for these products and services. These findings are necessary to help in the decision making of the business establishers with regard to the production, pricing distribution and the place or location of the proposed business.

Holy Cross of Davao College Criminology Students’ Crisis and Disaster Response Preparedness: Basis for Designing a College Crisis Response Program Kristina Cassandra Bayas, Noel Castro Carlo Sobrio, Kari Ann V. Bitgue Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 4:50 – 5:05 With the occurrence of different crises and disasters across the globe, response preparedness has become a growing issue of concern in different organizations and institutions. Hence, this study is designed to determine the Criminology students’ crisis and disaster response preparedness which will form basis for designing a college crisis response program. This descriptive-exploratory study with 160 Criminology student-respondents utilized an adapted questionnaire. Through frequency count, percentage, t-test and analysis of variance, results showed that Criminology students are prepared to respond to crisis as indicated by contingency planning, capacity and capability, and information management and communication. Preparedness of the Criminology students varies significantly when they are grouped according to sex. Male students are more prepared to respond to crisis and disaster particularly in terms of capacity and capability. The Holy Cross of Davao College administration has satisfactory contingency plans, developed sufficient capacity and capability among its community members, and has put in place information and management communication systems in response to crisis and disaster. Class continuity during crisis and disaster, securing entry into the school premises and providing immediate information to stakeholders in times of crisis and disaster remain to be challenges to the school’s crisis and disaster preparedness.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

A Research for the Evaluation of Establishing a Vegan Concept Business in Davao City


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Challenges in Synthesis 101: Accountancy Students Experience Mechelle Duero & Julylyn Fajardo Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 5:10 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 5:25 In Holy Cross of Davao College degree programs, students need to prepare and submit written assignments, research papers or thesis as part of their academic assignments to fulfill their course requirements. The study sought to explore challenges being experienced by undergraduate students in conducting research from the Accountancy Program and what are the possible measures that can be introduced to students. Descriptive-exploratory method was used as research design. Respondents of the study are composed of students who were enrolled in Synthesis on the 2nd semester of school year 2012-2013 with the total number of fifty-five (55) students of Holy Cross of Davao College. Research instrument was distributed to the respondents in order to determine the challenges experienced in Synthesis 101. The study revealed that the students are challenged as to the use of library collections and databases available to them in the school vicinity. In group-related experiences, it was found in the study that most of the groups are having a problem in organizing time through using timetables to each phase of the research task. When it comes to the other academic affiliations, students are challenged in relation to the time that should have spent for studies for other academic affiliations and the time needed to prepare and review during quizzes. Under technicalities, students are challenged when it comes to the use of scholarly articles that are updated or recent. Keywords: Challenges in research writing, research experiences

Exploring the Holy Crossian Culture of Discipline Ivy Camille Aritcheta, Roxanne May Derit Charlotte Sardido, Rhian Jay Susan Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 5:30 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 5:45 The study explored the Holy Crossian culture of discipline in the areas of classroom behavior, demeanor in institutional and spiritual activities, campus behavior and external deportment actually manifested by the students. The respondents were students and faculty members. Data were collected through survey questionnaire which were distributed to the respondents during their lecture and vacant time. Research method used was descriptive exploratory approach and the data obtained were analyzed using weighted mean and T-test. Findings reveal that the culture of discipline is frequently manifested in classroom behavior, demeanor in institutional and spiritual activities, campus behavior and external deportment. Moreover, it was found out that the faculty and studentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; perception significantly differ and that students look forward for more exciting and interesting class discussions, expect to have well - organized schools activities and events wherein they would be able to grow physically, emotionally, socially and spiritually as well- disciplined individual. Keywords: classroom behavior, demeanor in institutional activities, attitude in spiritual activities, campus behavior and external deportment.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Education DAY 2 69

Riclin June Martinote, Mark Anthony Baladiang, John Michael Dela Cruz, Joseanne Jose Pajom Junard Sorongon, Yasser Mosson Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 1:10 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 1:25 The study revealed that the respondents were both motivated intrinsically and extrinsically. However, the study revealed that intrinsic motivation prevailed over extrinsic motivation. In other words, students chose the marine profession not out of external factors but internal; this result simply meant that students chose to enroll in BSMT course primarily because they were deeply and personally driven to be seafarers and officers in the near future. The result of the study does have an implication. It presents the great possibility of gradual shift of intentions from externally driven to internally driven future seafarers. It also presents a small shift of perspective. In the past, marine profession was considered as the last resort for students who failed to really acquire college degree. In other words, BSMT before was not really enticing profession. People considered it as less progressive and last resort. However, the study itself presents the potential gradual shift of interest and intentions. Since the study itself revealed how internally driven they were then it might also be true to other maritime students and maritime colleges. Such result will be very useful in the HCDC maritime program. It will become an important source of information that can be used during the orientation among freshmen. It too can be used during career guidance which regularly conducted by the guidance office. Keywords: Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivations, Maritime Profession

Cyclic Permutation: Getting Familiar with the Underlying Theories for Appreciation of Content and Instruction Alice A. Delos Reyes University of the Immaculate Conception 1:30 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 1:45 Cyclic permutation is hardly discussed in the classrooms for general mathematics courses but the researcher believes its application must be introduced even to non-math majors for content appreciation. Thus, this study was conceptualized to measure how familiar the students are with the concept of cyclic permutation. In particular, it measured the attitude and cognitive levels of the learners through questionnaire and test scores. This study is based on the constructivist learning theory and used the Input-Process-Output design. Moreover, this endeavor is a case study involving purposively chosen 32 Third Year Electronics Engineering students of the University of the Immaculate Conception. Results of the study revealed that attitude and cognitive levels significantly increase in terms of gain scores. Keywords: Math education, cyclic permutation, constructivist, attitude, cognitive, Philippines

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivating Factors for Choosing Bachelor of Science in Marine Transportation Profession


Education DAY 2

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Psychological, Academic and Board Examination Scores of BSN Graduates: A Correlation Study Karl Marwayne S. Aaron, Josie Marie L. Abrau, Cleo Maricar P. Abuzo, Julie Anne F. Acierto, Jofelle L. Adalla, Kariel T. Agustin, ShinethAprilleRajala B. Alajar, Merry Love M. Arce, Ramil E. Arellano II, Arah Jen A. Arcilla, April G. Ayag Davao Doctors College 1:50 – 2:05 This study aimed to identify which score greatly affects the board examination. The researchers utilized the descriptivecorrelation research design and the purposive sampling in the selection of the respondents. The statistical tools used were Frequency and Percentage for the descriptive analysis of data on the demographic profile and to determine the correlation of the Psychological and Academic Scores with the Board Examination Score of the respondents, and the researchers utilized the “Pearson Product Moment Correlation” as well to test the correlation of the variables. The study was conducted at Davao Doctors College, located along General Malvar Street, Davao City. The respondents were the BSN graduates of Batch 2012. Based on the data gathered, analyzed and interpreted, the results revealed that there is no significant correlation between the psychological score and the board examination score. Further, there is a significant and positive correlation between the academic score and the board examination score. Thus, as the students’ academic score increases the greater the chance to get a higher score in the board examination. Keywords: Academic, Psychological, Academic and Board Examination Scores, Correlation, Davao City

Attitude, Self-Efficacy and Students’ Academic Performance in Mathematics Neryl Joy D. Alpacion, Cristian T. Camañan, Arlyn Jane L. Gregorio Jun Mark R. Panlaan and Randy A. Tudy CorJesu College randytudy@gmail.com 2:10 – 2:25 Mathematics subject is an interesting but a very challenging subject. Several studies reported different factors which lead to students’ poor performance in this subject. This study aimed to determine the influence of attitude and self-efficacy towards academic performance in Mathematics for Grade 8 students. It employed causal-correlational research design, The findings revealed that the level of academic performance of the students was satisfactory. In terms of the level of attitude towards Mathematics subject, it is either positive or negative. As to the students’ self-efficacy, it is neither high nor low. No significant difference was found on the level of attitude and self-efficacy when grouped according to gender but significant difference was evident when grouped by sections. It was also discovered that only attitude towards Mathematics manifested significant influence to academic performance. Students who have shown positive attitude towards the subject tend to perform well. Hence, performance in Mathematics can be improved by developing a positive attitude towards the subject. Parents, teachers and other stakeholders have the responsibility of helping the students in this aspect. Keywords: Mathematics, Self-Efficacy, Attitudes towards Mathematics, Correlational Study, Philippines

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


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Charlyn R. Gasit and Don Michael Villarma Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 2:30 – 2:45 This paper attempted to study educational cartoons in ESL- Early Childhood Literacy through sample cartoons Dora the Explorer: Alphabet Forest Adventure and Barney & Friends: Barney’s Animal ABC. The researchers used the qualitative method, specifically content analysis in analyzing the episode from Dora the Explorer and Barney & Friends. The results of the study described the language domains of the two cartoons. The first language domain featured by both cartoons is phonemic awareness through the use of phoneme counting as evident in the presence of phonemes in each sample word. The second language domain is phonics through the development of auditory awareness, awareness of rhythm and beat, rhyming skills, and phoneme awareness as evident in selected scenes. Also, the language learning issues that were generated from the study include dual-coding issues, spelling patterns, and beginning reading issues which require immediate attention especially from language and reading practitioners. It is highly recommended that a policy on the use of educational cartoons in ESL classroom should be formulated in order to ensure quality learning. Further, close collaboration in terms of the learners viewing and reading habits, between parents and teachers should be implemented. The findings of this study unlock more doors which need to be further explored for better understanding of educational cartoons and effective formulation/ evaluation of other language tools presented through the means of multimedia. It is also useful to conduct a more detailed study of ESL-Early Childhood programs and/or curriculums. Keywords: Educational Cartoons, ESL, Early Childhood Literacy, Phonemics, Content Analysis

On Roots and Power of Imaginary Numbers: Exploration of Higher Concepts and Development of a Learning Strategy Merjellie Jane B. Santiago and Renan P. Limjuco University of the Immaculate Conception 2:50 – 3:05 The study aimed to explore the unfamiliar topics on imaginary numbers. Particularly, this investigation assessed the knowledge and interest of a group of students that need most the sophisticated level of knowledge and understanding associated with imaginary numbers. Furthermore, this work is a case study that made use of quantitative measurements from the pre-test and post-test evaluations of the performance of the respondents. The assessment tools underwent reliability testing and got a Cronbach alpha coefficient and a test-retest coefficient of 0.672 and 0.886, respectively. The researchers used purposive sampling. Results of the study revealed significant increases in both the attitude level and proficiency of the students in the unfamiliar concepts on imaginary numbers. Keywords: Math education, roots and power, imaginary numbers, exploration, engineering students, Philippines

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Dora the Explorer and Barney & Friends Educational Cartoons in ESL- Early Childhood Literacy


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On Mathematical Induction: Revisitation of its Technique for Classroom Instruction Ressa Mae B. Onsing and Grace O. Aoanan University of the Immaculate Conception 3:25 – 3:45 This study intended to rediscover the concepts of mathematical induction and to develop a learning module that can make the students be more appreciative of mathematical induction. Specifically, this investigation aimed to measure the levels of knowledge and attitude of students towards mathematical induction. The researchers employed the descriptive method and purposively chose 8 mathematics students whose attitude and cognitive levels were to be assessed using reliable instruments (α’s of 0.85 and 0.86). Findings revealed that the revisitation of the concept significantly increases the cognitive level but such intervention did not improve the attitude level of the students. Keywords: Math education, mathematical induction, revisitation, attitude, cognitive, mathematics students, Philippines

Perception on Personal Characteristics of the Nursing Faculty of Davao Doctors College in Relation to Faculty of Davao Doctors College in Relation to Student Satisfaction Carmen Anne Ellen P. Dakudao, Janeen C. Daraug, Hannah Cheseca L. Dela Cruz, Mona Lisa C. Dela Rosa, Ador Nino M. Delos Reyes, Mary Elaine O. Dimacuta, Aubrey Bonnet G. Dipaling, ,Harold Ray An D. Dolon, Marren Mae T. Doloroso, Hernessa A. Du, NordanBhen P. Espadila Jr. Davao Doctors College 3:50 – 4:05 The study aimed to determine the perception of students on personal characteristics of the Nursing Faculty of Davao Doctors College in relation to students’ satisfaction. It utilized a descriptive-correlation research design. The statistical tool used by the researchers for the study were Frequency, Average, Mean, Percentage, Kruskal-Wallis Test, Mann Whitney U Test, Spearman Rho and Likert scaling. Self- made questionnaires were distributed to 119 BSN students using convenient sampling. Based on the analysis of data, the study entailed the following: First, there is no significant difference on students’ satisfaction when respondents are grouped according to demographic profile. Second, there is no significant difference on the personality characteristics of the faculty when respondents are grouped according to demographic profile. Third, there is a highly significant relationship between the personality characteristics of the faculty and student satisfaction. Keywords: Academic, Perception on Personal Characteristics, Correlation, Davao City

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Education DAY 2 73

Paolo Gaudencio S. Naval and Juvie Pauline L. Relacion University of the Immaculate Conception 4:10 – 4:25 This study was conceptualized to revisit the concept behind the derivative formulas involving trigonometric functions. Moreover, employing a developed learning module, this investigation also aimed at assessing the attitude and cognitive level of the learners. This is a case study participated in by 20 Second Year Computer Engineering students of the University of the Immaculate Conception. The assessment tools for attitude and knowledge of the students possessed Cronbach alpha reliability coefficients of 0.70 and 0.714, respectively. The result of the study revealed that there was a significant increase in the scores of the students in both attitude and proficiency measurements. Keywords: Math education, proving techniques, derivative formulas, trigonometric function, Philippines

The Views of Social Work Educators, Practitioners and Students about Basic Sign Language Education in Davao City Maria Helinda G. Mateo, Shiela Mae R. Ngojo, Lianne Hannah Graganta, AnelieBalong Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 4:30 – 4:45 This exploratory qualitative descriptive study looked into the views of social work educators, practitioners and students about basic sign language education in Davao City. Specifically, this study explored the (1) difficulties experienced by respondents in dealing with deaf mute clients; (2) strategies implored by the respondents to communicate with deaf mute clients; (3) differences in the respondents’ views about basic sign language education in terms of its importance to social work practice and its integration to social work curriculum; Thirty eight were purposively selected as respondents to the study. Structured interviews and survey questionnaires were utilized to gather their views. Thematic Analysis was employed to analyze responses. Findings show that respondents encountered deaf mute clients in their professional practice; however, the major study of this reveals that the majority do not know sign language. This incapacity leads to difficulties in the process of communication between a social worker and a client. Social work practitioners and students find the necessity of integrating sign language as a subject in the BSSW curriculum. Social work educators claimed the action will be costly and conflicting to the idea of decongestion of curriculum in the K to 12 program. It was recommended that sign language be integrated as an additional topic into the existing Social Work Communication subject in its curriculum instead of making it as a new subject. Keywords: communication barriers, deaf mute, sign language, Social Work

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

On Proving Derivative Formula Involving Trigonometric Function: Revisitation of the Concept for the Development of a Learning Module


Education DAY 2

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Theory and RLE Grades and the NCM Comprehensive Examination Results of BSN 3 Students of Davao Doctors College S.Y. 2012-2013: A Correlation Study Analuza D. Badayos, Michael Jones G. Balansag, Surschel S. Balboa, Honey Grace O. Basadre, Sittienor B. Bucay, Jan Michelle M. Cañete, Pauline Anne Marie C. Cezar, Kristine Jemleh G. Clemente, Gemmarie D. Contayoso, Ian Kristoffer C. Dagala Davao Doctors College 4:50 – 5:05 The purpose of the study is to correlate the relationship between the NCM 104 Theory and Related Learning Experience Grades to the Comprehensive Examination Results of the BSN 3 students. The research took place in Davao Doctors College located along General Malvar Street, Davao City. Descriptive-Correlational research design was utilized in this study, wherein the respondents were the BSN 3 students of S.Y. 2012-2013, who were officially enrolled in NCM 104. The group observed that most of the students have problems with their Comprehensive Examination Grades which affected the final NCM 104 grade. By getting the frequency and percentage, the results show that 63 of the batch has a Below Average Scaling in terms of their Theory Grades and only 17 of them have an Average Scaling. With respect to the Related Learning Experience Grade, 62 have an Average Scaling which is Fairly High and only 14 has below average scaling. Only 5 are in the above average scaling. On the other hand, the Comprehensive Examination Grades revealed that all of the students have a below average scaling. The study showed that there is a significant relationship between the Theory Grades to the Comprehensive Examination Grades, but there is no significant relationship between the Related Learning Experience grades to the Comprehensive Examination Grades. Keywords: Academic, Theory and RLE grades, NCM Comprehensive Examination. Results, Correlation, Davao City

Health, Health Education, & Environment (A) DAY 2

Type of Leaf Margin as Indicator of Temperature Change in the Mountainous Area of Marilog District and Kaputian, Island Garden City of Samal (IGACOS) Fancobila, Evan Kayee, Alvarez, Alexandra Rochelle, Gabato, RezyJianmarie Salac, Renyel Emman Will San Pedro College, Davao City 1:10 – 1:25 This study aimed to determine the type of leaf margin of numerous plant species as indicator of temperature change in the mountainous slopes of Marilog District and Kaputian, Island Garden City of Samal, Davao. The sampling had two trials which were done in the morning and noon. The collection of plant specimen and their preservation were done for species identification and classification according to their leaf margin as toothed or untoothed. Measurement of temperature from lower elevation towards higher elevations were recorded as temperature changed. Results of the study revealed that in Marilog District, more toothed leaves were collected at higher elevation with a temperature of 18oC, and at 19oC temperature in lower elevation, more untoothed plant leaves were collected. The chi-square computed value of 4.436 signified a difference in the number of leaf margin recorded when temperature changed. In Kaputian, the computed chisquare value of 1.2 indicates no significant difference in the number of toothed and untoothed leaf margins as temperature changed at specific elevations. Moreover, the Pearson-r computed value for toothed leaf margin in Marilog resulted to -0.69358 indicates high correlation to18oC temperature of the area, and a Pearson-r value of -0.22615 for untoothed leaf margin indicates low correlation to the temperature of the area. In Kaputian, a very high correlation value was obtained resulted to r=-1 for both toothed and untoothed to the 23oC temperature of the area. Therefore, leaf margin type of various plant organisms correlates to the temperature of the area. Plant with untoothed leaves are more common in warmer temperature while toothed plant leaves are common at area of lower temperature. Keywords: Leaf Margin, Temperature change, indicator

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Health, Health Education, & Environment (A) DAY 2 75

Rena Gonzales, JenalieSaturinas and GeonyzlAlviola renajj_0430@yahoo.com, jenaliesaturinas@yahoo.com and geonyzlalviola@gmail.com Davao Doctors College 1:30 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 1:45 Ants are highly diverse social invertebrate in different habitats. Some considered as pest or endangered because of habitat alteration. This study aimed to provide an account of Formicidae species and determine its role The ants were collected along the parameters of Malagos Watershed. Using an improvised pipet and preserved in separate containers. After studying its taxonomy, four subfamilies were recorded like the Myrmicinae, Formicinae, Ponerinae and Dolichoderinae. Family Myrmicinae were generalist predators and seed harvesters. Two identified species belonging to Myrmicinae were, Pheodole fervens and Solenopsis geminata. Another predator were Ponerinae, which preyed on termites, rotten logs or leaf litters and often seen in middle canopies. Members of this family were Diacamma rugosum, Leptogenys diminuta and Odontoponera denticulata. However, some subfamilies were scavengers or farmers like Dolichoderus thoracicus in subfamily Dolichoderinae that tends aphids. Aside from this the family Formicinae were nectarivores. They fed on nectars and play a vital role in pollination. Species identified were Odontomachus rixosa, Polyrhachis abdominalis, Polyrhachis illaudata and Iridomyrmex anceps. The distribution of these families were widely distributed but some were specialized . These families performed specific behavior on its habitat. Each species played a role in maintaining the balance in the area. Keyword: ecological importance, Formicidae species

Species Accounts of Anurans within the Protected Area Jan Lemuel Sedayao, Patrisha Carilhay, Denise Ballocanag and Geonyzl Alviola muzika_0123@yahoo.com and geonyzlalviola27@gmail.com Davao Doctors College 1:50 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 2:05 Anurans are widely distributed in moist vegetated areas of Mindanao. They serve as ecological indicators and controllers of other invertebrates. But these cold blooded vertebrates were highly affected when a slight change of habitat had taken place. This study aimed to determine species of Anurans and its status within the watershed of Malagos. Samples were collected along the parameters of watershed and immediately examined their morphology and classification. After classifying all the samples collected, there were seven species of Anurans found within the protected area. These species were Limnonectes magnus, Ferjerverya cancrivora, Kalophrynus pleurostigma, Hylarana grandocula, Rhinella marina, Polypedates leucomystax and Megophrys sp. One out of six, the Rhinella marina was an invasive species competing with native anurans. Most of the observed species were not threatened except for Limnonectes magnus which was nearly at threat. Each species were specialized based on habitat type and food preferences but some are generalist. Most anurans are widely distributed in different areas as long as high moisture content in the environment. Keywords: Anurans, species accounts, protected area

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Ecological Importance of Formicidae Species within a Protected Area


Health, Health Education, & Environment (A) DAY 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

76

Awareness, Attitude and Practices of Residents in Tugbok District, Davao City on Infection and Prevention of Schistosomiasis Ralph Hueber K. Boga, Gina Lynn D. Comamao and Cybil Marie T. Genoza University of the Immaculate Conception 2:10 – 2:25 Schistosomiasis is a chronic parasitic disease that has long been considered a public health threat not only in the Philippines but as well as in the whole world. It unfavorably affects the resources of the people living in endemic areas. Due to the lack of understanding with regard to the serious health effects of Schistosomiasis, it continues to impose a high risk of infection especially to people who are immersed in agricultural, domestic as well as recreational activities involving infested water sources. This study was conducted in order to measure the level of awareness, attitudes and practices of those people who have been infected and who are not infected with Schistosomiasis in Tugbok District, Davao City. Survey questionnaires to assess the level of awareness, attitudes and practices of individuals were distributed in four main barangays of Tugbok District, namely, Manuel Guianga, Tagakpan, Los Amigos and Tugbok Proper. The levels of awareness, attitudes and practices were measured. Based on the data, it showed that there are significant differences in the levels of awareness, attitudes and practices of the residents of the four barangays of Tugbok District, Davao City. The strengthening of the programs against Schistosomiasis should be implemented and continuous monitoring must be observed in order to obtain a full assessment of the resident’s awareness, attitudes and practices towards prevention of Schistosomiasis. Keywords: Parasitology, schistosomiasis, Tugbok district

The Antibacterial Activity of the Ointment Formulation From Sambong (Blumea balsamifera), Tuba-Tuba ( Jatropha curcas), Buyo (Piper betle), Bugang (Saccharum spontaneum) and Panyawan (Tinosphora rumphii) Located In Tamugan, Davao River Against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Althea Mae G. Catacutan, Darlene Anne R. Armada, Marianne P. Lara, Adrielle Shine B. Ada, Eliose Jeann L. Rufila, Kezza Augia Tonette P. Gabunales, Carmina Ayman H. Tan, Jet Fredrick M. Umbaňa, Samantha Mae S. Chu and Mrs. Fatima May R. Tesoro, RPh, MSPharm San Pedro College 2:30 – 2:45 Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)prevalence unfortunately influences irresponsible antibiotic prescribing, spreading antibacterial resistance. Tamugan holds a rich culture in herbal plants used as antibiotics. In this context, this study aimed to evaluate the significant antibacterial activity of the combined ointment formulation of Sambong, Tuba-tuba,Buyo, Bugang, and Panyawan extracts against Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA. Using HPLC analysis, flavonoids determined were Quercetin in Sambong, Bugang and Buyo at 10.60mg, 10.60mg and 10.74mg and Rutin in Tuba-tuba, Buyo, Bugang and Panyawan at 5.12mg, 5.56mg, 5.86mg and 12.11mg. Through MIC by 2-Fold dilution, inhibition at 100% concentration in all plants except Panyawan, with 50%, was observed. The formulated ointment contained 10% of the combined extracts. Antibacterial activity evaluated through disc diffusion method and measured by zone of inhibition (ZOI) was compared to the positive and negative controls, Mupirocin and white petrolatum. Statistical analysis of theZOI of the positive control against the negative control and the ointment showed a sig. of 0.000 and 0.053for S. aureus and a sig. of 0.008 and 0.124 for MRSA. Observed significant differences between the negative and positive control and between the negative control and the ointment, along with a significance between the positive control and the ointment led to the conclusion that Mupirocin and the formulation’s antibacterial activity are comparable. Keywords: Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, antibiotic, flavonoids, MIC, zone of inhibition, ointment

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Health, Health Education, & Environment (A) DAY 2 77

Vanessa Joan B. Flores, Ave Marie A. Fusingan, Mary Ann A. Galinato, Joy Emmarie M. Galupo, Jennifer A. Gasmen, Kevin R. Gecosala, Jane Claudine P. Genabe, Almotayri L. Ibrahim Davao Doctors College of Davao 2:50 – 3:05 Keeping hands clean through improved hand hygiene is one of the most important steps we can take to avoid getting sick and spreading germs to others. Many diseases and conditions are spread by not washing hands with soap and clean, running water. The study aimed to determine the level of compliance on hand hygiene among health care providers in a tertiary hospital in Davao City. The researchers used a descriptive-comparative research design while employing purposive sampling technique. The study was conducted at Davao Doctors Hospital utilizing a modified questionnaire and a blind observation checklist. Statistical tools used were mean score, T-test, frequency, percentage and ANOVA. After the data were analyzed and interpreted, results revealed that most of the respondents belong to 18-22 years old, female and majority of them are student nurses; staff nurses have the highest level of compliance on hand hygiene before and after patient contact; there is no significant difference on their level of compliance when grouped according to their demographic profile; and there is a significant difference on their level of compliance before and after patient contact. Thus, hand hygiene should be observed at all times to prevent transmission of diseases and nosocomial infection. Keywords: Health, Hand Hygiene, Healthcare Providers, Descriptive-Comparative, Tertiary Hospitals, Davao City, Philippines

Clinical Application of Theoretical Knowledge on Exposure Factor Selection and Radiation Protection among Radiographers in Davao City Kevin Ace Artil Davao Doctors College 3:25 – 3:45 To be able to determine that the radiographers are properly applying the theoretical learning they have acquired from their respective institutions, particularly applying exposure factor selection and radiation protection, this study was conducted concerning the level of clinical application of theoretical knowledge in exposure factor selection and radiation protection among radiographers in Davao City. Comparative descriptive design was used by the researchers wherein thirty respondents were used in the study; all are radiographers who are currently working among the selected hospitals in Davao City. The findings of the study revealed that in terms of the respondents’ profile, most of them belong to the 26 – 30 years old age bracket; most are males; in terms of service, most of them have been working for less than five years, and most of the respondents are working in private hospitals in Davao City. The study revealed that the level of clinical application of theoretical knowledge among Radiographers in Davao City in terms of exposure factor selection is moderate while the level of clinical application of theoretical knowledge in terms of Radiation protection is high. Further, the study revealed that there is no significant difference in the clinical application of theoretical knowledge on exposure factor selection and Radiation protection among the respondents when analyzed according to age, sex, years of service and type of hospital in which they are employed. The findings also indicated that there is a significant relationship between clinical application of theoretical knowledge on exposure factor selection and Radiation protection among radiographers in Davao City.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

The Level of Compliance on Hand Hygiene among Health Care Providers in a Tertiary Hospital in Davao City


Health, Health Education, & Environment (A) DAY 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

78

Quality Assessment on Randomly Selected Commercially Available Ophthalmic Solutions in Davao City Thessaly G. Ngo, Joyce Anne P. Blanker, Ela Mae A. Miñoza, Kathleen G. Bersabal University of the Immaculate Conception 3:50 – 4:05 Ophthalmic preparations were specialized dosage forms designed to be instilled onto the external surface of the eye (topical), administered inside (intraocular) or adjacent (periocular) to the eye or used in conjunction with an ophthalmic device. The most commonly employed ophthalmic dosage forms were solutions, suspensions, and ointments. Samples were obtained from different community pharmacies within Davao City only. The samples were stored at room temperature not exceeding 30°C. The tests conducted for this study were toxicity, pH, isotonicity with the use of human blood obtained from healthy patients, heavy metal determination, sterility, and mutagenicity. The results revealed that the samples were non-mutagenic and non-toxic through the Ames test for mutagenicity and OECD 405, respectively. The samples showed traces of heavy metals with the figures that conform to the limits set by the USP for Nutritional Supplements with Botanicals. However, there was a noticeable difference in pH and in saline concentration, which may cause hemolysis to the human cell.

The Efficacy Of 3% Hydrogen Peroxide and Multipurpose Solution as Disinfectants for Soft Contact Lenses: A Comparative Study Edison Mari T. Ang, Krista Lyn D. Carlobos Davao Doctors College 4:10 – 4:25 This study aimed to determine the efficacy of 3% hydrogen peroxide and Multipurpose Solution as disinfectants for soft contact lens. This research was conducted at the Davao Doctors College Microbiology and Parasitology Laboratory and Optometry Clinic during the first semester of School Year 2013-2014. Experimental research design was used in the study. Purposive sampling was used to select one brand of 18 soft contact lenses and multipurpose solution. The contact lenses were exposed to the three bacterial specie namely Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and were disinfected using 3% hydrogen peroxide and Multipurpose Solution. Three trials were performed per specie. Data were recorded, analyzed and interpreted. Findings show that there is a significant difference in the efficacy of 3% hydrogen peroxide and Multipurpose Solution as disinfectants for soft contact lens. The 3% hydrogen peroxide has been identified to significantly disinfect the three bacterial species in all trials. Through this study, the disinfecting agent with hydrogen peroxide on its content will soon be prescribed as one of the effective disinfecting agents to be used by contact lens wearers for proper sanitation and hygiene on contact lenses. Keywords: Ocular Health, Soft Contact Lenses, Experimental, Davao City

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Health, Health Education, & Environment (A) DAY 2 79

Derek Dale A. Bayquen Davao Doctors College 4:30 – 4:45 With the advent of the society’s health consciousness, athletes globally have begun seeking the expertise of physical therapists in order to optimize their athletic capacity. This study aimed to introduce and apply the concepts of Physical Therapy and Sports Rehabilitation to Davao Doctors College and determine whether it has a significant effect in the wellness profile of the intramurals players in terms of risks reduction, injury prevention and feeling of well-being and wellness. Sixty (60) respondents were selected through purposive sampling as it selected only basketball, volleyball and badminton players from the three teams. The respondents went a pre-test survey with a questionnaire using Likert Scale; then underwent the sports rehabilitation program which included a 30-60 minute muscle taping, bandaging, strengthening and stretching exercise, modalities’ application, warm-up and cool-down techniques and proper body mechanics. After which, they underwent the same survey for post-testing. Total pre-test mean of 3.6260 showed marched wellness profile on all three aspects before the program, while total post-test mean of 1.9543 showed a very high wellness profile after the program. Paired T-test showed that there was a significant difference between the wellness profile of the respondents before and after the program. The results showed that the program improved the participants’ overall wellness profile. Keywords: Physical Therapy, Sports Rehabilitation, Wellness Profile, Comparative, Davao City

Level of Awareness and of Motivation to Avail Vasectomy Novi F. Peros, ViferRogen Marie F. Noviteros, Kent Jasper E. Lumbong, Bai Sahara B. Parapas, Marylyn B. Pacipico, Fritz A. Magallanes Brokenshire College 4:50 – 5:05 This study was done to determine the level awareness on and motivation to avail vasectomy among male residents of Poblacion, Buhangin Davao City. There were 136 respondents taken using random sampling technique. A descriptive correlational research design was used to describe the level of awareness and motivation to avail Vasectomy among the male residents of Poblacion, Buhangin Davao City. The researchers utilized a self-made questionnaire in gathering data. The statistical tools that were used in this study were frequency and percentage distribution, mean, and standard deviation, and moderated regression analysis. The findings showed that majority of the male respondents were in their middle adulthood with age range of 37-49 years old, which consists mostly of high school graduate and college level and were earning between P5,001-P10,000, have a high level of awareness on vasectomy, more specifically, on its safety. Using regression coefficient model unstandardized, significant relationship was established between the respondents’ awareness on and motivation to avail vasectomy. With the use of moderated regression analysis, it was found out that as the age of the respondent increases, there is also an increase in awareness. Consequently, with the increase of age and awareness of the respondents, motivations to avail vasectomy also increase.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Sports Rehabilitation Program and Wellness Profile of Selected Intramurals Players of Davao Doctors College


Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

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Development of a Microbial Growth Medium Using Durian (Duriozibethenus L.) Husk and Seed Extract and Powder as Sole Nutrient Source Karlene Mae S. Hernaez, Czarina Krista G. Calangian, April Joy D. Parilla, Mary Jane G. Barluado University of the Immaculate Conception 1:10 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 1:25 The use of culture media is a must in the cultivation of microorganisms for the diagnosis of diseases, research studies, and any microbiological laboratory work. This study explored the potential use of Native and Puyat durian husk and seed powder and extract as the sole nutrient source for a growth medium. Durian powder and concentrate were prepared from husk and seed and subjected to chemical tests. By way of trial and error, the researchers were able to formulate a liquid and solid microbial culture media. Pure bacterial culture of Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli were used to inoculate in the liquid media. NSS broth was used as a negative control. All of the prepared durian media consistently sustained microbial growth. Keywords: growth medium, durian (Duriozibethenus L.), nutrient source

A Correlational Study on Glucose, Cholesterol, and Uric Acid Level in Saliva, Urine and Blood Junelle Burgos, PetroseEnobio, Aileen Marzo, Ivy Mae Pacetes, Avee Joy Dayaganon University of the Immaculate Conception 1:30 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 1:45 The use of blood as a tool for determination of Analyte Concentration in the body has become an important part in the diagnosis of many diseases. Its extraction has evolved from the simple syringes to the sophisticated evacuated or closed system. Though blood extraction has been easy for the past years. It can never be denied that blood extraction still needs pricking and is accompanied by pain. This has moved the proponents to explore new ways of Analyte Concentration determination through the use of a correlational study on Glucose, Cholesterol and Uric acid levels in Saliva, Blood and Urine. A range of diseased patients has been used for testing purposes. These patients were diagnosed with Diabetes, Hypercholesterolemia and Gouty Arthritis. The results were then subjected to statistical treatments. The results were then compared and was found out that analyte concentrations on blood were significantly higher than the other body fluids used. The levels on saliva proved however that saliva was a suitable alternative for uric acid determination while urine passed as an alternative for glucose determination. Keywords: Analyte Concentration, Statistical treatments, sophisticated evacuated or closed system

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 2 81

Zhander Vohr Soreño University of Mindanao 1:50 – 2:05 Two samples (pulp with peelings and pulp) of avocado (Persea americana) ethanolic extract at different concentrations (250, 500, 750, 1000, and 1250 microliters) were applied for the in vitro inhibition of mycelial growth of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) Tropical Race 4, Panama disease (Fusarium banana wilt) agent. Seven-day old, five millimeters mycelial disc was applied inverted onto the solution of potato dextrose agar (PDA) and extract in petri dish. Three replicates of the samples for bioassay, together with the control group were incubated at 25±0.2 degrees Celcius. After seven days, mycelial growth of Foc was inhibited by the extracts and its growth was measured (millimeters). Results revealed that the (half maximal inhibition) of pulp with peelings and pulp extracts were 524±0.2 microliters and 755±0.3 microliters, I50 respectively. Declared that the two samples have failed to reject the null hypothesis in terms of indicator, pulp extract is chosen to be better in terms of residual.

The Effects of Lens Tints on the Visual Performance of the Security Guards at Davao Doctors College William Victor Y. Sasam, Cecilie Jan C. Tajanlangit Davao Doctors College 2:10 – 2:25 This research sought to establish evidence whether different tinted lenses, namely: Brown, Amber, and Smoke improve visual performance given the different lighting conditions. The study was conducted at the Optometry clinic of Davao Doctors College during the first semester of School Year 2013-2014. Ten security guards participated. The visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and color vision tests were conducted with the non-use and use of the tinted lenses, namely: brown, amber, and smoke; and with three trials for each respondent. The researchers collected, documented and analyzed the results and consulted their advisers for validation. Using the paired t-test, the findings show that during day time, there is no significant difference with the security guards’ visual performance with the non-use and use of lens tints. During night time the results show that there is a significant difference in the security guards’ visual performance. Based on the mean visual performance, brown and amber lens tints show a significant improvement in the security guards’ visual acuity, contrast sensitivity and color vision. The result of this study can be the cornerstone to advocate the use of lens tints to improve visual performance. Keywords: Ocular health, Visual performance, Comparative, Davao City

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

In Vitro Inhibition Using Avocado (Persea americana) Extract Towards Mycelial Growth of Fursarium Oxysporum F.S.P. Cuberse (FOC) Tropical Race 4


Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

82

The Effectivity of Different Colored Polarized Lenses on the Contrast Sensitivity among Cataract Patients Leanne Jeanne C. Encarnacion, Roselaine S. Maghuyop Davao Doctors College 2:30 – 2:45 This study aimed to determine the possible effect of the three polarized lens colors, namely: Smoke, Brown and Green in the Contrast Sensitivity of the respondents. This research was conducted at the Optometry Clinic of Davao Doctors College during the first semester of School Year 2013-2014. Experimental type was the method used. Purposive Sampling was applied to select the thirty (30) Cataract-diagnosed respondents. They were subjected to undergo three trials of the contrast sensitivity test without the use and with the use of the three identified polarized lenses. Data were recorded, analyzed and interpreted. Using the paired t-test, findings show that there is a significant difference in the contrast sensitivity of the respondents between the non-use and the use of the Smoke and Brown polarized lenses; however Green polarized lenses do not. Using ANOVA test, results yield that there is no significant difference in the contrast sensitivity of the respondents with the use of the three polarized lenses. Based on the mean contrast sensitivity values, a brown polarized lens has been identified to significantly improve the contrast sensitivity of the respondents. The results of this study can be the basis to recommend the usage of polarized lenses. Keywords: Ocular Health, Polarized Lenses, Comparative, Davao City

PharmAlert: A Text-Prompt Intervention Program on Improving the Medication Adherence of Hypertensive and Diabetic Patients in Buhangin Proper, Davao City Amatong, Sam Hendrick C., Belano, Abigail Mae G., La Rosa, Gabrielle Ann D., Maybuena, Nathan M., Panugo, Tahani A., Peñafort, Katrice Mae M. Tamara, Caryl Faye S., Villaroya, Ma. Raulene O. San Pedro College 2:50 – 3:05 Adherence is a collaborative relationship between the patient and the health practitioner wherein the medication-taking behavior and medical advice coincides. The proponents developed a text-prompt intervention program, PharmAlert, to serve as a reminder for patients taking anti-hypertensive and anti-diabetic medications with the goal of improving their adherence, particularly residents of Barangay Buhangin Proper, Davao City, for a period of 21 days. A pre-survey using the Morisky 8-Item Medication Adherence (MMAS-8) Standard Questionnaire was employed to determine the adherence of each patient. A total of 114 respondents were equally divided into control and intervention groups. A post-survey using the MMAS-8 questionnaire was given to the respondents. Those under the intervention group also answered a supplementary questionnaire to evaluate whether they believe that the improvement of their adherence is influenced by PharmAlert. Data revealed a significant difference (p<0.05) in the adherence of the respondents under the intervention group before and after being enrolled in the program. Contrarily, the results from the control group revealed no significant difference (p>0.05) in the respondents’ adherence before and after the 21-day period. Results showed that the implementation of PharmAlert has a significant relationship (p<0.05) to the increased adherence of the respondents, and is further supported by positive responses to the text-prompts and supplementary post-survey questionnaire.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 2 83

Justin Poll Benedict Manalang Davao Doctors College 3:25 – 3:45 The purpose of this study was to determine the awareness, perception and confidence of the public regarding the Physical Therapy profession. Descriptive – correlation research design was used in the study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data. The study was conducted in nine randomly chosen barangays in Davao City, utilizing a quantitative research method. Two hundred twenty five respondents were chosen using stratified random sampling method. The results show that only 62.67% of the 225 respondents were aware of Physical Therapy; that the respondents who were aware were only somewhat knowledgeable of the scope of Physical Therapy practice; and that they only had moderate confidence with the Physical Therapy profession. There is also no correlation with the age, sex and geographic location of the respondents with their awareness, perception and level of confidence with the profession. The findings of the study imply that there is a need to promote the Physical Therapy profession in its entirety among Davaoeños. Keywords: Physical Therapy, Awareness, Perception, Confidence, Correlation, Davao City

Coastal and Marine Water Zone Plan by the City Planning and Development Office as Perceived by Selected Beach Owners in the Island Garden City of Samal Blair V. Rafailes, Hilzrom Costan, Rose Marie Pacong, Irish Leones, Reyneil Tanilon Holy Cross of Davao College – Babak Branch hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 3:50 – 4:05 Beaches provide a unique habitat for water creatures including crabs, clams and fishes. The Island Garden City of Samal boasts of its beaches as one of the major tourism businesses in the island. Thus, when the city planning and development office proposed the removal of breakwaters, several concerns were raised. The research is undertaken to further explore the sentiments of beach owners about this concern. The study used qualitative design to capture the views of these owners regarding the removal of sea walls in several beaches in the island. Using thematic coding the results reveal that the beach owners have differing views on the removal of breakwaters. Those who agree perceive that the sea is for everyone and that breakwaters can affect the natural current of the sea. Those who are against the removal of sea walls believe that it will destroy the tourism industry and that security will become vulnerable as these are used by beach owners as boundaries. The removal will cause dangers from the changes of nature. The paper reveals how the beach owners from the districts of Samal, Babak and Kaputian perceive the use of breakwaters. The different views of the beach owners regarding the proposal is something that the city officials should look into. Keywords: Breakwaters, tourism, qualitative design, Island Garden City of Samal, Davao del Norte

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Public Awareness, Perception and Confidence Regarding the Physical Therapy Profession in Davao City


Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

84

Macroinvertebrates as Indicators of Water Quality in Talomo River and Lasang River, Davao City Badua, Cherry; Lascano, Gesmin; Ong, Rossini; Perez, Vinna San Pedro College 4:10 – 4:25 This research assessed the water quality of Talomoriver and Lasang river according to the tolerance level of macroinvertebrates. The macroinvertebrate specimens were collected and identified at the family level. Family Biotic Index (FBI) was used to measure the degree of abundance and tolerance level of macroinvertebrates in the area. Physico-chemical tests of the water were also analyzed using parameters such as pH, temperature, turbidity, dissolved oxygen (DO) and salinity. Findings of the study revealed that both rivers had pH value of 7 and their salinity level ranged from 1.1-1.3ppt. The dissolved oxygen of Lasangriver was 6.8 mg/L while Talomo river had a DO value of 7.3 mg/L. The turbidity values obtained from Lasangriver and Talomo river measured 35NTU and 59 NTU respectively. There were seven families of macroinvertebrates identified were Family Palaemonidae and Turritellidae were the most abundant group. The Family Biotic Index (FBI) obtained for decapod macroinvertebrates was 6 and for gastropods, the FBI measured 7. This implied that gastropods and decapods present in the two rivers are regarded as pollution-tolerant organisms to high oxygen and nutrient pollution level. Thus, the water quality of Talomoriver and Lasang river were categorically poor of which the degree of organic pollution is very substantial. Keywords: Macroinvertebrates, Water quality, Lasangriver, Talomo River, Decapods, Gastropods

Lead Level in the Blood Samples among Public Utility Jeepney Drivers in Davao City Mari Karlo S. Candolita, Jason T. Chua, Justin Jed T. De Milo, Emerson G. Parcon, Adorico M. Aya-ay University of the Immaculate Conception 4:30 – 4:45 Lead is an environmental toxicant present in air that causes a variety of serious health problems in high levels. Public Utility Jeepney (PUJ) drivers are usually exposed to gasoline, fuel and other automotive substances which make them highly susceptible to lead contamination. This study would determine blood lead levels of PUJ drivers in Davao City. Thirty PUJ drivers with ages ranging from 18-60 years old were randomly selected from various jeepney stops in Roxas Street, San Pedro Extension, Torres Street and Father Selga Street from November 2012 to August 2013. Blood samples were collected and tested using the Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The study design used is a prospective descriptive – correlational design. PUJ drivers aged 18 to 28 years old with the highest concentration of lead in their blood samples for about 0.081 ppm - 14.774 ppm while 13.33% of the drivers aged from 51 to 60 years old with the lowest concentration of 0.030 ppm lead in their blood samples, and 46.67% of the drivers aged from 29 to 39 having 0.111 ppm - 3.120 ppm and 40 to 50 years old with 0.022 ppm - 2.778 ppm lead level in their blood samples. There are no significant differences in the level of incidence in the blood of PUJ drivers considering the years of driving and the type of diseases incurred by the PUJ drivers. It can be concluded therefore that most of the PUJ drivers in Davao City are highly at risk from Lead toxicity because the results show that they have Lead levels above the standard tolerable limit set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Health, Health Education, & Environment (B) DAY 2 85

Dnamra Jessica C. Mulato, Paul Reinier B. Rojas, Angelo E. Siaboc, Angelyn E. Siaboc, Hanny C. Somoza Brokenshire College 4:50 – 5:05 This study aimed to determine the influence of health beliefs and the moderating effects of some demographic variables and sexual behavior on the condom use of men who have sex with men. A mixed-method approach was used to gather measures and qualitative data from the participants. A structured questionnaire was used in this study. Measures for the health beliefs model was adopted from K. Peltzer (2000). The study was participated by 104 homosexual males, aged 14-60 years old and who confessed to have had sex with men for the last six months. Results show among the four constructs of the Health Beliefs Model (HBM) the participants’ perceived that barriers proved to have the strongest influence on condom use. It also showed that the demographic variables investigated in this study did not establish moderate relationship between health beliefs and condom use. However, having multiple sexual partners was found to establish moderate relationship between the participants’ perceived susceptibility and condom use.

Isolation and Identification of Oil-Degrading and Lead-Bio accumulating Bacteria and their Degree of Degradation/ Bioaccumulation in CoacoHarbour, Sasa, Davao City Vill Patrick M. de Leon Elisa B. Bacus, Rae Kristine E. Desabelle, May Amor C. Gadayan, Anthony B. Pascasio, Mary Jane G. Barluado University of the Immaculate Conception, Davao City, Philippines 5:10 – 5:25 Diesel oil and heavy metals like lead are known water pollutants posing serious damage and loss to marine life, community health and the economy. The potential use of microorganisms to remediate these environmental problems is considered a cost-effective large scale solution. Oil-degrading and lead-bioaccumulating/bioabsorbing bacteria may thrive in environments exposed to the mentioned pollutants. Isolating and identifying suitable bacterial strain that can both degrade hydrocarbons and bioabsorb heavy metals remain a challenge. Water samples were collected near ship refuelling site in Coaco harbor, Davao City. Incubation of the water samples on Bushnel Haas Agar (BHA) produced growth of five organisms with oil-degrading potential. They were then isolated, subjected to biochemical tests, and identitied to be Escherichia sp., Micrococcus sp., Citrobacter amalonaticus, Enterobacter agglomerans, Citrobacter freundii. They were used to treat diesel oil-contaminated water, and their degree of oil degradation determined by measuring the oil concentration in the treated samples by Liquid-Liquid Partition Gravimetric Method. Of the isolates, Citrobacter amalonaticus, Enterobacter agglomerans and Citrobacter freundii have shown significant ability to degrade oil contaminants in test samples, with Citrobacterfreundii exhibiting the highest capacity. The isolated oil-degrading organisms were then used to treat lead-contaminated water to determine their lead-bioaccumulating capacity, which was measured by Direct Air Acetylene Flame method. Results clearly indicated that the five bacterial isolates tested showed substantial ability to absorb soluble lead with Citrobacter freundii again exhibiting the highest ability in lead absorption, showing significant difference as compared with the negative control and the rest of the isolates. Thus, the study successfully isolated and identified organisms with both oil-degrading and lead-bioaccumulating capabilities, with Citrobacter freundii isolate consistently exhibiting the highest ability, making it an excellent subject for use in future bioremediation studies. Keywords: oil-degrading, lead-bioaccumulating, Citrobacter freundii, lead, diesel oil

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

The Influence of Health Beliefs and the Moderating Effects of Some Demographic Variables and Sexual Behaviors on Condom use among Men having sex with Men


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (A) DAY 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

86

Portable Boots Medel Corde Bulacan State University 1:10 – 1:25 Putting up a new business ideally undergoes a feasibility study to measure the extent of its business. Basically, it involves questions like ‘What business will most likely survive in the present? What are the products that are in the demand? Who is the target market? Relevant questions branch up as these questions are analyzed. Conducting a feasibility study with the data gathered from similar businesses to be utilized in establishing a new but still same business might be helpful. In the case of this feasibility study, the researchers gathered factual data from different  boots manufacturing business in Bulacan to come up with reliable information that will be used in establishing their own boots company. Along with this gathered informations are researchers’ observations and surveys conducted to support the study. This study aims to improve the current raining boots that is natural to any simple people in the country especially in the wet places. The researchers’ have different formation and designs just to adapt to the consumers’ needs. The researcher experimented different materials and forms to bring up the boots and make it wearable and fashionable so that consumer will not have doubt to wear our product. The study come up a different product that is new to the people that are regularly used raining boots because of its new material. The new raining boots that the researchers redesign is made of plastic like polymer that is usually transparent and flexible. It has magic tape in the side to fit in the legs of the wearer. Because of the material the new design raining boots in now 70% lighter than the ordinary rain boots and more fashionable because of new design.

Enhancing Quality Systems through Daily Analysis Cayanan, Mariz; Fampula, Esther; Lim, Czarina; Lopez, Christopher John; Pangan, Annelle; Soriano, Jerille Mae Bulacan State University 1:30 – 1:45 The researchers conducted a plant study of manufacturing hog feeds in Multivite Feeds Company located at Bocaue, Bulacan. The study was made on the months of September and October 2012. This study helps the researchers to know and to familiarize with the company’s current Quality Control System. During the plant study, the researchers interviewed some staffs and workers and gathered data with regards to its manufacturing process. The researchers observed that the Crude Protein Content analysis testing of feeds is done only once a month. The researchers consider this as a problem because it can miss the defective batch that causes lower quality control. Using knowledge and skills with the help of Statistical Quality Control tools, the researchers recommended ways that can help in testing samples of feeds more accurately. This would give definite representation of the process and helps the company to know and to eliminate variances that lower the quality of hog feeds. (187 words)

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (A) DAY 2 87

Antonio, Elsie R., Batongbakal, Mary Kristine A. Martin, JenieLyne D., Silverio, Jane Thamy B. Bulacan State University 1:50 – 2:05 Vitamin B-Complex (Pharex) is composed of 3 essential B vitamins namely Thiamine (Vitamin B), Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6) and Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12). Pharex aids with the repair of damaged nerves that causes numbness, muscle weakness, etc. At the time of conducting the research, the pharmaceutical firm is producing 600,000 tablets per batch and has 70 sample sizes (random sampling) for the trial compression. At that time, reject strips (either blind capping or dissolved tablets) are frequently discovered by Packaging Area staffs, the last manufacturing area, which causes rework. Through Descriptive Statistics and Statistical Process Control (SPC), the researchers were able to prove that the firm’s production is out of control. The presented P-Control Chart along with attribute data shows an out of control chart. Therefore, to lessen or attain a 0% reject strips, the researchers highly recommend increasing the current sample size to 150. (143 words)

Abaca Fiber Panel as Roofing System Julius C. Castañares, Deo Vane M. Conde, Kevin N. Tad-y, Mckevin H. Lutche University of the Immaculate Conception 2:10 – 2:25 A roof, the highest part of a house, is a building’s first line of defense from natural hazards such as wind, rain, hail, ice, snow, and extreme heat. As the roof is one of the most important protective components of any building, the use of Fiberglass Roofing Sheets is worth serious consideration. To the production of glass fibers, environmental impacts such as carbon dioxide emission and energy efficiency are of iys concerns. The use of abaca fiber, instead of fiber glass, brought about primary energy saving of 60%, thus significantly reducing carbon dioxide emission. The researchers was prompted to use abaca fiber panel, and determine whether it significantly higher its flexural strength, weight and its cost. Experimental method was in the study to use the abaca fiber as a main reinforcement and replacement to glass fiber in producing a fiber glass. Five 6”x21” abaca fiber panels was made and compared to five 6”x21” corrugated galvanized iron sheets. The samples went through a machine that can compute its flexural strength called 3-point loading machine. Weigh all samples het their masses and total the cost. The testing was done and the results were analyzed using arithmetic mean and t-test. The t-test results revealed that he flexural strength of abaca panel is significantly lower than the flexural strength of corrugated galvanized iron sheet. It also revealed that the weight of the abaca panel is significantly lower than the weight of the corrugated galvanized iron sheet. This means that abaca fiber panel is lightweight roofing material but has a low flexural strength compared to a corrugated galvanized iron sheet.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Increasing Sample Size of Pharex B-Complex to reduce the frequent Reject Strips in Packaging Area through Statistical Quality Control


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (A) DAY 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

88

Integrated Lyrics and Guitar Chords on an Android Mobile Music Player   Shenna Rhea A. Maranguit, Daniel Ryan D. Quino, Val Simon T. Almonte, Peter Joe O. Frigillano, Barry Mark S. Toquero, and Randolph L. Villegas University of the Immaculate Conception 2:30 – 2:45

Music has been a form of expression among individuals of any age and of any nationality. Many individuals are into music appreciation or into learning how to play musical instruments. One of these instruments is the guitar. Guitar lessons are availed through formal and informal method as long as there is interest among learners. This research is directed as a method of learning with smart devices and an android application as a tool to be used by guitar learners in the University of the Immaculate Conception, Davao City. This research employed the iterative method process model which is often used in software development in the field of Information Technology. Results show that the application provides its users a new and effective learning tool to teach how to play the guitar. With this innovation, guitar enthusiast will be able to learn guitar on their mobile phones. Keywords: Music, Guitar lessons, Guitar Chords, Information Technology, Android

Utilization of Matrix Concepts for Traffic Control Cristelle L. Pacabis, Roxanne C. Ozoa and Renan P. Limjuco University of the Immaculate Conception 2:50 – 3:05 The study was conceptualized to utilize matrix concepts on traffic control using systems of linear equations and Gauss Jordan elimination. This is a descriptive study, specifically a mix of field research and computational approach. The study was conducted on the four-cornered-block surrounded by Claro M. Recto Avenue, Bonifacio Street, De Jesus Street and Palma Gil Street. The results of the study exhibited the applicability of the matrix concepts on traffic control using actual data involving flow of transportation vehicles in the chosen site. The experience has deepened the understanding of the researcher of the utilization of matrix concepts for traffic control management schemes. Keywords: Math education, traffic engineering and control, matrix concepts, Traffic Philippines

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (A) DAY 2 89

Hannah Grace Almeria, Sheila Mae Carpio, Rose Ann Perez Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 3:25 – 3:45 The research sought to determine whether the teachers, as well as the students in the high school department of Holy Cross of Davao College Inc., are ready to make use of tablet PCs in order to substitute the use of textbooks and teaching aids. The study’s findings displayed that there were significant differences in terms of the teachers’ and students’ awareness and readiness to make use of the tablet PCs in classroom instruction. However, no significant difference was observed when comparing the combined level of awareness of students and teachers with their combined level of readiness. The results imply that first, the readiness and awareness of the teachers regarding the use of tablet PCs in classroom instruction are not parallel; this means that despite the fact that the teachers are aware of how tablet PCs are used, its use in classroom instruction is not fully conceivable and the traditional instruction process is still used. Second, it means that the students are both aware and ready to make use of tablet PCs in classroom instruction, given their familiarity with tablet PCs. Lastly, the proposition of using tablet PCs must be fortified if it is to see success in its implementation. The results of the research are viable sources of information for the administration of the institution, if an alternative learning style is to be adopted in the near future. The findings will serve as bases for perusal and will somehow shed more light on the nitty-gritty of the suggestion at hand. Keywords: awareness, readiness, classroom instruction, tablet PC, alternative learning style

Talaper John Noel Gamboa Bulacan State University 3:50 – 4:05 The researchers created a product that was made from talahib grass. Talahib grass was considered as one of the grass who has a stronger fiber than other wild grasses, and also because of the numerous amount of this grass around the area that the researcher can easily have the supply. Talahib grass grows faster with a span of one to two weeks. The researchers use talahib grass to produce a new concept of paper product. A paper which helps to lessen the usage of trees or eventually becomes the main component of a paper, instead of cutting down the trees for producing paper. The methodology that the researchers use was product development, also considered the product to be environmental friendly because of its components. Because of the availability of the supply and the fast growth span of talahib grass, the cost of this product will also be cheaper than an ordinary paper and more paper will be produced without destroying the nature. The product can be used as a box for shoes, box for medicine and different product that uses paper. The talahib grass have it is more durable than other paper product in the industry.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Awareness and Readiness of Secondary School Teachers and Students of HCDC on the Use of Tablet PC in Lieu of Traditional Textbooks and Teaching Aids


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (A) DAY 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

90

Coco Board Ana Karenina R. Cruz, Ma. Cyrene C. Gajiran, Katherine Rae E. Rosales, Josh Venancio De Jesus, Kenneth Lopez Bulacan State University 4:10 – 4:25 The researchers applied the principles of Value Engineering to make an innovative product that can help the public and environment. Value Engineering is a technique in which the value of a system’s output is optimized by improving the function or reducing the cost. Innovation is the application or creation of new product to satisfy new requirements and market needs. Wood has been an important construction material since humans began building shelters, houses and boats. It has always been used extensively for furniture, such as chairs, tables and beds. But there will come a time that the consumption of woods is more than the amount of trees that are growing back. For these purpose researchers created a composite board that can be an alternative to woods using waste to reduce the need to consume natural resources. The researchers used coconut coir fibers, plastic resin, and hardener as the materials for the composite board. In order to come up with the product, the researchers executed the techniques including coir pounding and washing, mold waxing, molding, pressing, drying, and polishing. Upon completion of the project researchers found the product naturally wood looking because of the coir strands and stronger than ordinary plywood.

Meta-analysis of the Quantity and Quality of the Design Projects of Electronics Engineering Graduates (Batches 1994 – 2013) of the University of the Immaculate Conception Glazylyn Palo University of the Immaculate Conception 4:30 – 4:45 This study is a critical scientific survey and review of the quantity and quality of the design projects of the graduates of BS in Electronics and Communications Engineering (now Electronics Engineering) of the University of the Immaculate Conception to generate implications to instruction, curriculum, facilities, and research and publication involving inventions and technical innovations completed by the UIC students in the 30-year period of evolution.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (A) DAY 2 91

Manuel, Paul Joseph T., Marcos, Michelle N. , Perez, Marie R, Primo,Michelle R., Ramos, Karren S. Bulacan State University 4:50 – 5:05 Coconut is one of the local crops in the Philippines. Coconut tree has known as the “tree of life” where most of the products can be made from this crop. From the giant nut of coconut, the researchers come up with the new product, the COCOlet(Coconut Local Eco-friendly Textile).Textile companies and industry of the Philippines has been successful, since Philippines is exporting fabric/cloth to other countries, making the Philippines to become more globally competitive in terms of fabric. With the development of this new product, COCOlet may help textile companies to find more raw materials in the Philippines. Compare to other fabric products, COCOlet will have lower cost, since the supply of raw materials are available, adequate and enough. Through all the researches and studies, researchers have found out different methods to form the coconut husk in to fine, smooth, and eco-friendly fabric, which is the COCOlet. With this new trend of fabric clothing, would give another opportunity for the topic of new fashion style, environmental friendly line of fabric and also for the waste deduction of coconut husk. (181 words)

Cavendish Banana (Musa acuminata) as an Additive and Substitute for Commercial Broiler Feeds Rhodalyn C. Foronda St. Mary’s College of Tagum, Inc. 5:10 – 5:25

This quasi-experimental research investigated if Cavendish Banana (Musa acuminata) can be a good additive of substitute for broiler commercial feeds. Non-equivalent control group design was used for the 30-days experimentation with the broiler chicken bought in Tagum City Livestock Market. The researchers assigned one control group (fed with commercial feeds) and two experimental groups (fed with pure Cavendish banana, and fed with a mixture of banana and commercial feeds with a 1:1 ratio by mass); each of which is consist of five (5) chickens. Pretest-posttest measure was undergone and analysis of the physical characteristics of broilers in terms of lateral growth, axial growth and weight was made. Variation was generally observed among the three groups in terms of the physical characteristics of broiler. Results of the study show that commercial feeds work well in increasing the lateral growth, axial growth and weight of broilers. Though, the means for the characteristics of chicken fed with Cavendish banana–commercial feeds mixture are high as compared to that of broilers fed with only pure banana. The weight of broilers fed with banana–commercial feeds mixture obtained a mean of 855 grams, which falls to the average weight demanded by fast food chains. Thus, it is recommended, especially to poultry growers who have less capital, to use Cavendish banana as an additive to commercial feeds to increase profit. Keywords: Cavendish Banana, Additive, Substitute, Broiler Feeds

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

COCOlet


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (A) DAY 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

92

Prototype Equipment for Converting Waste Plastics into Fuel Additive Joevennel Escare University of Mindanao 5:30 – 5:45 Plastics are one of the greatest contributors in solid waste disposal. With the increasing number of waste plastics thrown every day, different ways of solid waste management also emerged. An experimental design was completed. The researchers had able to design an equipment which can convert waste plastics into fuel additive. With a feed capacity of 500 grams, the designed equipment can produce an optimum average volume of 22.25 mL fuel additive. This equipment produced a clear fuel additive with less odor emission. Physical properties such as density, specific gravity and viscosity were tested. Result showed that density and viscosity was highly comparable to light diesel oil. Its specific gravity however belongs to low sulfur heavy stock fuel. At the other extreme, testing on miscibility and flammability were done. Miscibility test result showed that the fuel additive formed a homogenous mixture upon addition to commercial fuels specifically unleaded, diesel and premium. Moreover, the flammability test result showed higher rate of quenching time compared with unleaded commercial fuel proving it to be a good fuel additive. Keywords: Chemical Engineering, experimental, solid waste, prototype equipment, fuel additive, Philippines

Meta-analysis of the Quantity and Quality of the Research Projects of Civil Engineering Graduates (Batches 1994 – 2013) of the University of the Immaculate Conception Maureen Gaas University of the Immaculate Conception 5:50 – 6:05 This study is a critical scientific survey and review of the quantity and quality of the research projects of the graduates of BS in Civil Engineering of the University of the Immaculate Conception to generate implications to instruction, curriculum, facilities, and research and publication involving research studies and technical innovations completed by the UIC students in the 30-year period of evolution.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (B) DAY 2 93

Ebony Joseph Erwin B. Dolino, Michelle T. Llaban, Jeric N. Maratas, Mechael I. Zabala, Renan P. Limjuco and Ruben M. Ruiz University of the Immaculate Conception 1:10 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 1:25 The necessity of improving the engineering properties of soil has been recognized; therefore, it is very important to find ways to enhance the weak soil, and using plastic waste is one way of doing it. The primary objective of this study is to compare the bearing capacity of the two types of soil (Clay and Item- 201) in different concentrations of plastics, namely, at 0%, 0.5%, and 1%. Primarily, this investigation aimed to compare the California bearing ratio (CBR) of the two types of soil each with three concentrations of plastic. This study made use of the experimental design, specifically posttest design only, to determine the effectiveness of using recycled waste plastic as soil bearing capacity enhancer. Findings revealed that in terms of the type of soil, there is a significant difference in California bearing ratio between clay and Item 201 (p-value < 0.05). On the other hand, the California bearing ratio of the soil samples in various concentrations are not the same. As with the interaction between the type of soil and the waste plastic, a two-way ANOVA reveals that there is significant interaction between them that might have influenced California bearing ratio in the soil (p-value < 0.05). Keywords: Engineering, soil, waste plastic, soil bearing capacity enhancer, California bearing ratio, experimental, ANOVA, Philippines

Ecoflex Board (Waterlily Fiber Gypsum Board) Arvin John Doza, Jocelyn Espinosa, Rio Gracia Lomotan, Franchescka Beatrize Magquilat Bulacan State University 1:30 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 1:45 Ecoflex board was a kind of fiber gypsum board that was primarily composed of dried fibers from the processed water lily stalks. Gypsum board was a useful material for building of walls and ceilings. It was a type of board with plaster core bonded to layers of fibers. The development and production of the product aimed to introduce a gypsum board that would minimized and control the fast growing number of water hyacinths on different water bodies. Through research and experiments, the researchers were able to develop a process that would transform waste water hyacinths into useful, durable, environmental friendly building material in the form of fiber gypsum board. The production of Ecoflex board included the process of separating the fibers needed to manufacture a board that the cellulose from the water hyacinth stalks. This research study would widen the number of useful products from environmental wastes. It would also give another option of using environment friendly building materials.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Waste Plastic as Soil Bearing Capacity Enhancer


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (B) DAY 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

94

Waste Management Practices Adopted by Selected Construction Sites in Davao City Ramon Hinlog, Ma. Shelby I. Suarez, Federico G. Adao Jr., IdcelDonn A. Reyes University of the Immaculate Conception 1:50 – 2:05 The unhealthy disposal of solid is considered one of the most alarming problems. Improper disposal of solid wastes to air, soil and water pollution. Thus, this study aimed to assess the levels of knowledge, awareness and compliance on the existing waste management programs being implemented specifically on the different categories of construction sites in Davao City. Further, this investigation also attempted to establish whether there exist significant relationships among these variables. The researchers used descriptive survey with reliability coefficients 0.73 for knowledge, 0.92 for awareness and 0.90 for compliance and they were administered to 102 respondents consisting of project engineers, foremen and construction workers. Findings revealed an average level of knowledge, high level of awareness and high level of compliance among the respondents. The study also established a high positive correlation between awareness and compliance but failed to establish the link between knowledge and compliance. Therefore, the awareness of the workers in the construction sites reinforces the compliance with the rules and regulations required under the R.A. 9003 and the liquid waste management disposal provision promulgated by the government sectors, the company and the law. Keywords: Environmental Engineering, Republic Act 9003, Liquid Waste Disposal Provision, Knowledge, Awareness, Compliance, Descriptive, Correlation, Philippines

Expediting Production Time through Motion and Time Study Hazel Lhyn D. Catuling, Dianna Joy V. De Guzman, Rowena G. delos Santos and Cristy C. Pandaan Bulacan State University 2:10 – 2:25 This study contains different problem and solution in the manufacturing company named Hi-Tech Fiberglass Specialist. This company produced various kinds of chair that’s made in fiber. It is not big as the other company but they are always having a demand from different places. The purpose of this study was to comply in the academic subject of Methods Engineering, and for the researchers to enhance and practice their skills and knowledge in the field as an Industrial Engineer in the future. The researchers used the motion and time study as their methods to know and find the problems that the company experienced. As the study in progress, the researchers find out the major problem through careful observation and some information provided by the company itself, the researchers had a consensus to focus on “How to lessen the factors that consume a lot of time in the production”. Then, the researchers conduct some test in order to find out what is the best solution for the production. After accomplishing the entire test the researchers therefore conclude that the prolonged production can be avoided. Eliminating the factors that add up to the production time will definitely improve the existing system.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (B) DAY 2 95

Dianne Margaret Olaguer, Ralph Paul Asuncion, Rovee Mark Pablo, Keevens Canda University of the Immaculate Conception 2:30 – 2:45 Davao City has experiencing economic development for several years now due to its booming trade industry and its renewed role as educational and commercial center of Mindanao. Due to rapid urbanization and population growth, mobility problem arise. The economic development of Davao has brought rapid growth on the vehicle volume, resulting in traffic congestion during peak hours along major thoroughfares. This may hinder further development and economic growth of the city (Lirios, 2004). The study aimed to evaluate the road policy implementation efficiency of Davao City by means of measuring the Levels of knowledge, Awareness and Compliance of Road Users. Descriptive method was used to analyse data in order to answer the problem statements. The researchers prepared a sample questionnaire wherein the respondent’s level of knowledge awareness and compliance are assessed. The researchers used Random sampling technique in order to select the respondents who will answer the prepared questionnaire. Data gathering was conducted in Davao City – the locale of the respondents to their levels of knowledge, awareness and compliance. Correlative results between levels of knowledge and awareness to Level of compliance was also established and did exhibit a strong relationship among variables. The results of the awareness and to improve of the road transport system of Davao City. Keywords: Engineering, Regulatory Policy, Traffic Code, Descriptive Research, Davao City, Implementation Efficiency, Philippines

Multi-Purpose Food Warmer Megumie M. Mercado, Erwin T. Samson, Ma. Catherine DR. Ranchez, Ronald R. Jumao-as Bulacan State University 2:50 – 3:05 This research study is conducted to give overview in developing a “multi-purposed food warmer” with some other uses. The details in this study show the general idea about the said product. This study is investigated to determine whether the product can catch the attention of the buyers or if it is really useful especially to those who are always using typical food warmers most of the time. The study should be read entirely to determine how the product is made and to know how it functions and how it is being used. Reading the entire study will give information on how this product became different from the typical food warmers most often use. This proposal can be a big help on how can a product such as typical food warmer became more usable for other in such a way that there are other features added. In order for this study to be accomplished, data gathering, observation, surveys and interviews are done. Several concept and ideas are used to understand the study further. Data gathered by using these different methods are analyze to come up with a better proposal on how the product is made and became a useful thing for other. A typical product can be much useful when there is a special feature or it is made to have other uses aside from it usual definition of uses.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Knowledge, Awareness and Compliance of Road Users to Regulatory Policy of Davao City: An Evaluation of the Implementation Efficiency


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (B) DAY 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

96

Android-Based Irrigation System with Weather Monitoring for Rice Paddy Calvin Peter S. Caballeda, Keendolp V. Deocareza, Rod Phillip L. Laurente, Eymard Ceasar B. Salazar Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 3:25 – 3:45 Both wet and dry season of the country can affect the rice fields. It is a known fact that the Philippines is located directly within the path of typhoons, which brings tremendous damage to the Filipino farmers’ rice fields especially with the amount of rainfall that may flood the fields. On the other hand, the dry season may be too hot and employ damage to the crops with the lack of water supply. Because of this dilemma, the designers conceptualized a device that addresses the aforementioned problem. This design provided automation of water irrigation system, utilizing sensors that would measure temperature, humidity, water level, amount of rainfall, and moisture level of the soil. These four sensors were incorporated into a single device that controls the flow of the system and executes the automation capability. The data coming from the device is sent by the GSM module to the farmer using Short Message Service (SMS). The data contained in the SMS may be viewed in an Android application developed for the farmer to be able to remotely monitor the water and moisture level of the rice paddy, as well as to turn on or turn off the water pump of the irrigation system if necessary. The proponents concluded that all sensors used were work well during the consecutive testing. The android application effectively established a user’s friendly atmosphere within the system and the user. The proponent suggested adding more sensors for the weather monitoring for better result Keywords: irrigation, android phone, weather monitoring, rice paddy

SOFATLE (SOFA made of plastic Bottles) Cunanan, Jessica; Gonzales, Jenina; Maming, Christian; Mendiola, Jed-Bien; Manlapig, Adrian Bulacan State University 3:50 – 4:05 Modern living face now more than ever the effects of an uncertain environment, which is triggered by constantly changing customer needs. Numerous approaches have been proposed to provide a cleaner effect with the capability to satisfactorily perform under situations of uncertainty, particularly by minimizing the pollutants in the environment and use it as a raw material. Manufacturing flexibility is a dimension of responsiveness which aims at reacting to unpredictable events with little penalty on performance. Nonetheless, there is a strong perception that the achievement of manufacturing flexibility exclusively depends on the availability of highly automated equipment. This is a misleading belief considering that manufacturing systems are a collection of interacting components sharing a common objective and therefore there must be alternative system’s aspects, other than automation, contributing to the achievement of manufacturing flexibility. This study expands on existing knowledge by exploring the concept of manufacturing A product that can help to lessen the plastic trash that cause global warming through the Investigation of ergonomic design that can be applied to create a sofa from waste material. The analysis of this concept has provided a valuable perspective from which to maximize the use of plastic bottles in manufacturing a sofa and identify alternative ways to achieve it. By combining the analytical capabilities of statistical design of experiments and Optimization, it has been possible to identify specific factors, optimal system configurations and response trade-offs that, within the context of a nature friendly product, and constitutes a significant contribution in the eliminating sources of pollution in the environment. The sofatle is first made through making its frame which primarily made of steel frame. Then the plastic bottles mainly the 1.5 liter sizes of coke and other brands were put together and stick in through adhesive which is the cement glue. The next step is letting it dry for 10 mins under the sunlight. The next step is covering it with linen to protect it from dust. After it is fully covered the outside part will be covered with leather to protect it from dust and moisture and other environment factors.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (B) DAY 2 97

Renan P. Limjuco, Alfie Angelo E. Zamora, AlHaron G. Dimapanat Kleig R. Dumdum University of the Immaculate Conception 4:10 – 4:25 Traffic signalization is a process that needs to be periodically assessed to describe its impact to various stakeholders of urban places. This investigation aimed to provide essential empirical data and information about existing traffic conditions, population growth, traffic accidents, and other issues associated to traffic signalization as observed by stakeholders pertaining to the efficiency, effectiveness and necessity of traffic signals in Davao City. The researcher used descriptive design, specifically survey and correlation, to collect relevant data to address the issues. Researcher-made questionnaire with Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.88 was administered to 400 respondents. Observations of actual traffic scenarios were done in 10 selected intersections. Findings revealed that traffic signalization in Davao City is necessary because it can provide orderly movement of traffic, increase the traffic handling capacity of intersections, reduce the frequency of accidents, coordinate traffic signals consistently with one another, and can be used to regulate traffic flow in the intersections. Further, findings of the study established that traffic signalization in Davao City is efficient and needed by various stakeholders. There is a high correlation between levels of efficiency and necessity of traffic signalization, but there is no significant association between the levels of effectiveness and necessity of traffic signalization. Keywords: Engineering, traffic signalization, efficiency, effectiveness, necessity, stakeholders, urban life, descriptive design, Philippines

BananaNut Paper Cruz, Kathleen Gale, Manuel, Jennifer, Martin, Thom Kevin, Namuag, Andersen John, Punongbayan, Reniel Bulacan State University 4:30 – 4:45 Waste is one of the major problems faces by the world today. An effective waste management is very important in handling and disposing wastes properly. Improperly disposed waste materials greatly affect the social, economic, especially the environmental sector. For this reason, the researchers came up with an idea to make a product out of waste materials. The researchers created an environmental friendly product named BananaNut Paper, which was made from waste materials, such as banana peels, peanut shells and used paper. The researchers considered the needs and preferences of the consumers in making the product. The process of making the product includes drying, cutting, boiling, pulping, molding and drying. The group was able to make a paper that has folding endurance and tearing resistance. This product would help lessen the growing volume of wastes and promotes making and using “tree-free” paper.

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

The Traffic Signalization in Davao City: Its Impact to Stakeholders’ Quality of Urban Life


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (B) DAY 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

98

Meta-analysis of the Quantity and Quality of the Design Projects of Electronics Engineering Graduates (Batches 1994 – 2013) of the University of the Immaculate Conception Sherwin Elumir University of the Immaculate Conception 4:50 – 5:05 This study is a critical scientific survey and review of the quantity and quality of the design projects of the graduates of BS in Computer Engineering of the University of the Immaculate Conception to generate implications to instruction, curriculum, facilities, and research and publication involving inventions and technical innovations completed by the UIC students in the 30-year period of evolution.

Bamboolakan Fabrics Marjorie T.Coronado, Irene C. de Guia, John Michael G. Esmejarda, Mark John Angelo P. Maclang and Dexter G. Manabat dex.manabat@yahoo.com Bulacan State University 5:10 – 5:25 This study is conducted to determine whether a bamboo fiber is good raw material in making cloth and if the consumers are willing to purchase it. The researchers focus on native textile materials like abaca, piña and other related materials used in making barongs and gowns. Due to the increasing demand of fabrics in Bulacan, the researchers look for another source or an alternative raw material that is widely used in the market. The group introduces Bamboolakan fabric, a textile material made from the extracted fiber of bamboo strips. It was found that fabrics made from bamboo are durable and has an antibacterial characteristic that makes it unique from the other textile products. In gathering data, the proponents conducted several methods such as interviews, surveys and research in order to have knowledge about the topic. Based on the study, it is possible that a bamboo fiber can use as an alternative to other textile materials used nowadays.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Math (Math Education, Pure and Applied), Engineering and Technology (B) DAY 2 99

Neil Capricho, Clyde Villacencio, Jericho Jhon Gatapia, Rick Oliver Adalim, Czar Emmanuel Angelo Matutino University of the Immaculate Conception 5:30 – 5:45 Automation is the use of machines, control systems and information technologies to optimize productivity and quality beyond the possible manual applications present in the society. Accordingly, there is a need for automation. The objective of this research was to design a passive infrared (Plr) activated switch device which can automate the operation of a conventional switch of three (3)light bulbs and one (1) electric fan in a classroom. The study sought to evaluate the level of efficiency of the Plr sensor’s functionality in terms of sensitivity in detecting motion or heat which activates the switch device automatically. The study utilized a two-phase method, namely: experimental development and descriptive assessment. A prototype of the device was constructed for experimentation and a validated researcher-made questionnaire consisted of three questions on sensor’s sensitivity and three questions on sensor’s operation was utilized. The device was evaluated by 30 purposively selected raters comprising of administrators, faculty and computer and electronics engineering students. Findings showed that the device is sensitive enough to automatically trigger the switch component in a considerable amount of time. Further, the device exhibited high level of efficiency in terms of its functionality in the automation of a conventional switch. Keywords: CT, Infrared, switch, automation, sensors, passive infrared (Plr), descriptive design, Davao City, Philippines.

Social Science / Humanities Day 2

Do Female University Students have Knowledge and Interest in Boxing as a Sport? Cheska Laine Prieto Hermosilla and Mona L. Laya University of the Immaculate Conception 1:10 – 1:25 Boxing is popular to men while only a few women knew boxing as a sport. In The Philippines, the rise of Manny Pacquaio in 1998 revived the popularity of boxing. But despite of its popularity only a few women got interested in boxing as a sport. With this, the researcher identified the knowledge of female University students about the nature, rules and trainings in boxing and its relationship to the interest of female university students in boxing. This study employed a descriptive-correlation design wherein three hundred ninety four female students became the respondents from the four Universities in Davao City. The survey questionnaire were validated by experts in the field of sport, and was reliability tested with an internal consistency correlation value of 0.67 and a Cronbach’s value of 0.88, respectively. Based on the result, most of the respondents (76%) have knowledge about the training in boxing while only a few (12%) knew that boxing is safe. Moreover, the respondents are not interested in boxing as a sport. No significant relationship was found between the knowledge and interest of the respondents in boxing. Keywords: Boxing, Sport, Knowledge, Interest, Philippines

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Passive Infrared (PIr) Activated Switch Device for Classrooms


Social Science / Humanities Day 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

100

Effectiveness of Documentary Film as a Teaching Material Monique Musni-Tagaytay, Theodoro Caballero, KorinaChristelleCoquilla, Ray Anthony Galura, and RayshelLianeImprogo, University of the Immaculate Conception 1:30 – 1:45 Film documentaries have been used in the classroom for visual imagery and powerful audio which can engage students in ways that lectures in classrooms and textbooks cannot. With students in the classroom belonging to a highly mediatized generation in a highly visual culture, this quasi experimental study sought to determine whether a documentary film could replace or outdo the teacher’s traditional lecture in teaching a particular topic in the classroom. A mini experiment was performed on students taking a theology course specifically the topic of Christ’s Resurrection. The control group was given the lesson by their teacher using the traditional classroom lecture while the experimental group was exposed to a chosen documentary film produced by BBC entitled, Resurrection: A Search for Answers instead of a teachers lecture. The study found that the levels of performance of both the experimental and control group increased from Average to High. Moreover, this investigation found that there is a significant difference in the mean gain scores between the control and experimental groups, in favor of the former. Thus, the students who were supervised through the lecture method performed better as compared tothose who were exposed to the chosen documentary film. Lastly, the attitude level of the students exposed to documentaries was established as high. Keywords: documentary film, teaching methods, quasi experimental, Resurrection, Theology, Philippines

Quality of Translated Subtitles in Ang Pagdadalaga ni Maximo Oliveros Waheeduddin A. Patagoc, Karen T. Matricular, Reenalie Herana Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 1:50 – 2:05 The Quality of Translated Subtitles in Ang Pagdadalaga ni Maximo Oliveros is an undergraduate research that focused on how the subtitles are translated in the movie, and more importantly the quality of these subtitles. The aim of the study is to find out the different translation processes used, as well as the dominant translation process utilized. It also looked into the quality of the movie’s subtitles. The results show that five translation processes were used in the translation of the actors’ dialogues: borrowing, literal, transposition, modulation and equivalence. Among these translation processes, literal translation was frequently used. The evaluation of the movie’s subtitles also reveals that the movie has good subtitles. In the first result, literal translation was frequently used; it indicates that there is a close correlation in the grammar structure between the English and Filipino language. The second result, the subtitles have good quality; it means that the subtitles comply most of the qualifications of good subtitles but with minimal lapses. The result of this study can be utilized in various ways. The result that there is a close correlation in the grammar structure between the English and Filipino Language can be a basis in concluding that Filipino Language is the best medium in teaching English Language. Filipino Language is also the best substitute instead of using dialects in teaching English. Likewise, movies with good quality of subtitles can be used in teaching both grammar and literature. Movies with translated subtitles are authentic materials for ESL structure. Lastly, a law or policy, concerning the reproduction and release of subtitled movies from the Philippines, must be initialized to assure quality and legality. Key Words: Quality of Translated Subtitles, Ang Pagdadalaga ni Maximo Oliveros, Translation processes, Borrowing, Literal Translation, Transposition, Modulation, Equivalence, Grammar, Literature, ESL

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Social Science / Humanities Day 2 101

Christense Geonzon, Ana Lina Gerasmo, Khimberly Lanos, Frevilyn Salvan and Monique M. Tagaytay University of the Immaculate Conception 2:10 – 2:25 One of the innovations in the social media landscape is the proliferation of confession pages on Facebook which allow social media users to “confess” their thoughts, feelings and experiences without revealing their true identity. Confession pages associated with specific higher educational institutions have become a venue for student revelations about everything and anything pertaining to campus life. The multiple case study ventured to find out if the university confession page serves as a peep hole into institutional culture as revealed by the confessions made by users on Facebook and the users perception about their own school as well as other schools is affected by the content that they read on university confession pages. The study selected three higher educational institutions in Davao City as its locale. To obtain thick descriptions of this phenomenon, the researchers triangulated between transcripts of conducted focus group discussions, open- ended questionnaires and content analysis of actual posts from the selected university confession pages. The data revealed that the cloak of anonymity and absence of direct consequence emboldens those who “confess” and serves much like a freedom wall. The study also reveals that while most informants used the confession page because it is the current “in” thing, reading the posts somewhat changed their perception about their school as the hallowed hall of learning as some posts shed light on events and experiences on campus. Keywords: Communication, Social media, Facebook, confession pages, descriptive qualitative, Philippines

The Christian Imperative in the Light of Søren Aabye Kierkegaard’s Concept of Love and Anjezё Gonxhe Bojaxhiu’s Notion of Charity Vaughnce Yrish C. Plaza University of the Immaculate Conception 2:30 – 2:45 This study is about the Kierkegaard’s concept of love, Bojaxhiu’s notion of charity, and the Christian Imperative “you shall love your neighbor as yourself ”. To guide and direct the contentions of this study, the inquiry was guided with three main questions: 1. what is Kierkegaard’s concept of love and Bojaxhiu’s notion of charity?; 2. what is the Christian Imperative and how can Kierkegaard’s concept of love and Bojaxhiu’s notion of charity serve as means for understanding it?; and 3. what are the implications of their philosophies? Three variables were considered: Kierkegaard’s concept of love and Bojaxhiu’s notion of charity, and the Christian Imperative. This study employed a descriptive-exploratory method, and comparative and contrastive analysis. The researcher found similarities and differences between two proponents; the proponents’ writings were analyzed and compared, and were used as means for supplementing the third variable. Kierkegaard’s concept of love of Bojaxhiu’s notion of charity as alternative ways for understanding the Christian Imperative “you shall love your neighbor as yourself ” will challenge everyone, not just Christians, to understand deeper the context of love and charity, to apply love and charity in every circumstance, and to love one another just as what Jesus Christ has taught. Keywords: Love, charity, neighbor, Christian imperative, Philippines

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Portals of Institutional Culture: University Confession Pages in Focus


Social Science / Humanities Day 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

102

Playing Dumb: Men’s Phenomenology on Dating Smarter Women Mary Claire C. Butaya, Kimberly G. Luay, WeilmaCris E. Marapao Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 2:50 – 3:05 Traditional gender roles emphasize man as the dominant one and woman as the submissive one. Thus, being with women who are more academically successful can possibly signal threat instead of attraction. This study is aimed at describing the concepts, feelings and experiences of the purposively selected 18-30 year old male college students within Davao City and who are currently dating or have dated smarter women in the past. The research is phenomenological in nature, and was conducted through in-depth, semi-structured interviewing. After data gathering, material was analyzed through Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Results showed that men viewed the date with smarter women as a normal event and they claimed that intelligence should not be the basis of a relationship. Even so, men still reported feeling pressured and disappointed to women who prioritize their academics more. Furthermore, experiences of men include benefits (mostly academic concerns), disadvantages (external factors), issues (more socially inclined) and surprisingly, marriage as the desired direction of relationship. It can be implied that women do not have to play dumb in order to attract men. Rather, an open, loving and submissive attitude, in spite of being academically competitive, is regarded as the only key to happy, successful relationships. Keywords: Common sense, dating, feminism, IPA, Michelangelo effect, phenomenology, Similarity-Attraction Theory, smarter women, traditional gender roles

Metaphysics of Morals of Immanuel Kant: An Insight to the Student Affairs and Discipline Services of University of the Immaculate Conception Al Joven Lumacad University of the Immaculate Conception 3:25 – 3:45 The study is about the Metaphysics of Morals of Immanuel Kant and its relevance to the Student Affairs and Discipline Services. Its objective is to discuss the moral standards based on a system of pure rational concept that will help the legislation why and how the policies and processes issued by the office of the Student Affairs and Discipline Services are enacted. The purpose of the researcher is to help the office of the Student Affairs and Discipline Services enhance their service using Immanuel Kant’s Metaphysics of morals in providing an adequate service that will cater to the academic needs of the students. The study will use a qualitative-descriptive content analysis that will provide a thorough discussion on the reasons and meaning of the Metaphysics of Morals. The study presents Metaphysics of Morals as a philosophical foundation that will enhance the Student Affairs and Discipline Services. Thus, having Metaphysics of Morals as a philosophical foundation of the stipulation of policies and processes issued by the office of the Student Affairs and Discipline, the institution will have an effective enforcement of their policies and processes. Keywords: Immanuel Kant, German Philosopher, Metaphysics of Morals, Student Affairs and Discipline Services, Policies and Processes, Philippines.

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


Social Science / Humanities Day 2 103

Robert John Y. Gelera University of the Immaculate Conception 3:50 – 4:05 The problem of justice has been existent for many years now. All through the years, history is replete with significant events that marked the peoples struggle for justice. However, the problem of justice did not only exist in reality, but also in the realm of philosophy. That is perhaps why several famous philosophers presented their idea on what is justice and how to achieve it. Among them, two names are widely known – Plato and St. Augustine. This paper aims to compare and contrast the concepts of justice of Plato and St. Augustine. To arrive at this aim, a comparative method is employed. The method employed uses two variables: the concepts of justice of Plato and Augustine. On the one hand, the results showed that Plato and Augustine converged on justice as a virtue, as giving one’s due, as an order within man, and as an order in the society. On the other hand, Plato and St. Augustine diverged on the following: as regards justice as giving one’s due, as regards justice as an order within man, as regards justice as an order in the society. Keywords: Justice, Plato, St. Augustine, virtue, Philippines

Sentence Structure in Greeting Cards Aubrey Marie Y. Maceda, Aileene Felicilda, Rizza Quisao Holy Cross of Davao College hcdc_iro@yahoo.com 4:10 – 4:25 This study aims to discover the types of sentence structures existing in 50 different greeting cards and to explore how these sentence structures are portrayed in tree diagram. It also aims to describe the characteristic of greeting cards in terms of sentence structure. To find answers to the research questions, this qualitative study employed structural analysis of 106 sentences found in 50 different greeting cards: friendship, birthday, Christmas, Valentines’, and anniversary. After thorough structural analysis, results show that all four types of sentence according to structure, namely: simple, compound, complex, and compound complex are present in greeting cards. We reported all data by explaining and mentioning the existing sentence structures in different greeting cards. From the results of the first research question, we chose 12 sentences to be portrayed in tree diagram, 3 simple sentences, 3 compound sentences, 3 complex sentences, and 3 compound-complex sentences respectively. Results also show that greeting cards dominantly employ complex sentences in terms of sentence structure. With the insights generated from the study, it is recommended that researchers should gather study more greeting cards or other printed materials containing more sentences for further illustration and comprehension on syntax and language. Keywords: Structural Analysis, Syntax, Tree Diagram, Sentence Structure, Greeting Cards

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

Justice in Plato and St. Augustine


Social Science / Humanities Day 2

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

104

John Stuart Mill’s The Subjection of Women in the Notion of Gender Equality: Its Significance to the University of The Immaculate Conception Liberal Arts Students Remmon Lloyd Masanguid University of the Immaculate Conception 4:30 – 4:45 This study is about John Stuart Mill’s the subjection of women in the notion on gender equality and its significance to the University of the Immaculate Conception Liberal Arts. In order to delve deeper into this study, there are three main questions being given: 1. What does John Stuart Mill mean by the Subjection of Women 2. What is Mill’s notion of gender equality? 3. What is the relevance of Mill‘s rule of equal justice in the UIC Liberal Arts? This study employs a descriptive content analysis method. The researcher will use this method to analyze the latent of carious type of communication through a classification and evaluation of their key concepts and analyses in order to ascertain their meaning and probable effect. Mill’s work The Subjection of Women was used as the main source of this study. In this endeavor, the researcher had included different concepts of Mill with regards to the gender equality. Moreover, the study also applied the relevance of Mill’s rule of equal justice to the University of the Immaculate Conception Liberal Arts. Lastly, findings and conclusions were given. Recommendations were also added to propose some works of Mill which can be helpful to further research. Keywords: John Stuart Mill, The Subjection of women, gender equality, rule of equal justice, UIC Liberal Arts, Philippines

Determinants that Influence the Music Type Preference among University Students in Davao City Ronald Jay S. Ticudo and Helenne U. Pregua University of the Immaculate Conception 4:50 – 5:05 An individuals’ preference on music will say a lot about them. It may mean that an individual has a behavioral problem like substance abuse, alcoholism and others. This study was conceptualized to determine the students music preference, the factors behind their music preference and their significant association. Moreover, this is a descriptive correlation study that made used of random sampling in selecting the 400 respondents from the four big Universities in Davao City. The questionnaire is researcher made that undergone validity and reliability with a cronbach alpha of 0.703 for part one and 0.849 for part two. The results revealed that 50% choose lyrics as the factor that influenced them to choose a certain genre of music followed by video, and a mixed factor of lyrics, artist and video and finally the artist. Mixed music type (combination of POP, RnB, rap, OPM ballad and religious music) was dominant music type of the respondents, followed by Religious, RnB, POP, OPM Ballad and lastly rap. Music type preference is significantly associated with the school of the respondents. Moreover, a significant association is seen between the choice of lyrics, artist and video with the music type preference. Keywords: Education, Music Type Preference, University Students, chi-square, Philippines

Brokenshire Hotel-Resort & Convention Center, Davao City February 6-7, 2014


105

1. Dr. Renan P. Limjuco -Chair

(University of the Immaculate Conception)

2. Dr. Lucila T. Lupo -Vice Chair

(Davao Doctors College)

3. Ms. Kari Ann V. Bitgue - Secretary

(Holy Cross of Davao College)

4. Dr. Felix Chavez, Jr. -Treasurer

(Brokenshire College)

5. Dr. Wilfreda C. Julve - Auditor

(Rizal Memorial Colleges)

6. Dr. Maria Linda Arquiza 

(University of Mindanao)

7. Mr. Jopriz M. Bueno

(Assumption College of Davao)

8. Dr. Larry Digal

(University of the Philippines Mindanao)

9. Dr. Helen B. Pondevida

(University of Southeastern Philippines)

10. Dr. Macario Tiu

(Philippine Women’s College of Davao)

DACUN WORKING COMMITTEE Invitations (to participants)

Dr. Lucila Lupo and Mrs. Mitchiko Lopez

Sponsorship and Speakership

Ms. Kari Ann V. Bitgue

Speakers In-charge

Dr. Felix Chavez, Jr. and Dr. Renan P. Limjuco

Venue

Dr. Felix Chavez, Jr. and Dr. Wilfreda C. Julve

Invitation (Judge)

Dr. Renan P. Limjuco

Secretariat

Dr. Felix Chavez, Jr. Dr. Lucila T. Lupo

Certificates and Plaque

Dr. Renan P. Limjuco

Documentation Mr. Maian Cozo

Theme: Research Mix: Research Management for HEIs, Writing, Authorship in Publication and Biblimetrics

National Academic Conference on Multidisciplinary Research

DACUN RESEARCH COMMITTEE


National Academic Conference On Multidisciplinary Research