Page 1

TYPHOON

TIMES ISSUE I 2019. 9.

Technology: Should Mobile Phone Banned In School?

Can We Cure

Earth’s Lung

Cancer ?

Will

SuperM Be Superb?

How Do

Rather Deadly Measles than Autism

Taiwan’s Society and Government Respond to

Hong Kong’s

Turmoil


Feature Article

Rewind: Remembering

Entrepreneurship Competition VS. Designed by Sam Kao, Christina Chang, Ryder Wu & Jerry Lin “We developed a health watch that tell[s] [patients with chronic diseases] what they can eat in certain periods of time using their blood glucose levels and heart rates, which would be measured within the watch and would then tell them what kinds of food they can eat,” said Emily Lee, a participant of the International Competition of Entrepreneurship for Youth (ICEY). In addition to Lee and her teammates— Amoree Lin, Kyle Hu, and Ryan Huang— four other groups of aspiring entrepreneurs took part in the ICEY. Under the guidance of 1. Layout by Jessica Hsu

Designed by Darren Hsieh, Sean Hung, Jonathan Sun & Justin Shen

coach Wellington Chow, the five groups first developed unique services and products in preparation for the ICEY. Lee and her teammates merged two types of existing medical equipment into the health watch mentioned above, which they called Happi Healthi. Christina Chang, Jerry Lin, Ryder Wu, and Sam Kao devised SEEK, a fashion rental service. Willy Wang and Jessica Lin created OOTD, an app that helps its users match outfits. Ethan Chen, Gordon Tu, Morris Wu, Jasmine Yen, and Vanessa Lin built a time management app they named X-Acute. Last but not least,

Sean Hung, Justin Shen, Darren Hsieh, and Jonathan Sun developed a portable device called WeGo, which measures household electricity use. In the later part of the preparation process, the groups analyzed markets and wrote pitches to present in front of the high school department and a panel of experts, including (profession) Alan (last name), venture capitalist Bruce Han, doctor Frank Wu, professor Jiangjang Huang, and (profession) William Hsu. On the day of the competition, the five groups tirelessly rehearsed their presentations over and over again inside the


auditorium, where the competition was to be hosted; the atmosphere was tense. At the entrance of the auditorium, however, it was a different scene. The high schoolers were buzzed with excitement. When asked about why she was so excited, senior Justine Chang remarked, “I know my classmates have been working hard on [their] pitches. I really look forward to [seeing] their great performances.� To their delight, Chang and the rest of the students only waited for five minutes or less

before being ushered into the auditorium by Ms. Adeline Lee, the volunteer coordinator of the event. The students quickly seated themselves. The room darkened. One by one, the five groups walked on stage and delivered their pitches. The groups commanded attention. Their eyes were focused, their conduct was professional, and their pitches were spoken with conviction and passion. An hour elapsed before all the presentations were finished. The experts discussed

among themselves before declaring Lee and her teammates the winners of the ICEY. The auditorium then burst into applause as the group of four accepted their prize. While the other teams were understandably disappointed, the experts reassured them that they performed just as well as professional entrepreneurs.

Written by Ray Chen and Joey Lin Edited by Jason Liu

Designed by Jasmine Yen, Vanessa Lin, Ethan Chen, Gorden Tu & Morris Wu

Designed by Emily Lee, Amoree Lin, Ryan Huang & Kyle Hu Layout by Jessica Hsu

2.


International News

Can We Cure Earth’s Lung Cancer? Written by: Ping Tsai

Edited by: Jason Liu

Layout by: Ryan Hsiao

Wildfires across South America are annihilating the home to more than three million plant and animal species. Worse, more than half of the fires are ripping through the Amazon rainforest, which absorbs two billion tons of CO2 annually and is dubbed “the Earth’s lung”. Due to these scathing fires, the Earth has effectively developed lung cancer. One has to wonder, what are the causes of such horror?

3

The Amazon’s plight can be attributed to multiple human-driven, deliberate modifications of the environment. Global warming, a phenomenon exacerbated by human activities, has made the globe progressively hotter and drier. In actuality, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change averred that human-generated greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane are highly culpable for Earth’s temperature rise. In many cases, the rise in temperature intensifies drought and induces forest fires. Although wildfires, a natural-occurring phenomenon during dry seasons, are vital to clearing space for vegetation


growth, unresolved fires like the ones plaguing the Amazon at the moment jeopardize our planet’s wellbeing. In addition, soaring demand for commercial products, especially animal products such as Brazilian beef, is pressing farmers and loggers alike to clear more land. Once trees are slashed, agricultural workers would kindle a fire on the desiccated trees, leaving large areas of the Amazon denuded. Disquieted, conservationists speculate that these deforestation fires have spread to the well-preserved parts of the forest. Moreover, the burning of the Amazon points to governments’ inadequacy in addressing ecological concerns. Backsliding in environmental protection, the Brazilian government has been heavily criticized for neglecting the importance of the Amazon; recently, President Jair Bolsarano rejected a $22 million aid package from the G7 Summit, an assistance package that would support Brazil in extinguishing the fire. Denouncing

French President Emmanuel Macron for treating Brazil as “a colony or a no man’s land”, Bolsarano claimed that France is infringing Brazil’s sovereignty. In reaction, Allison Liu (10) expressed that Brazil should immediately accept help and find temporary shelters for the victims of wildfire as it is “ironic” for a government to refuse such an offer under critical circumstances. The fires’ deleterious effects on wildlife are devastating. Lin Yu (11) believes that these unrestrained fires are “directly threatening animals’ lives, health, natural habitats, and food sources.” But the repercussions of Earth’s lung cancer are even more far-reaching: whilst threatening the lives of countless species, wildfires are also obliterating protected indigenous reserves. For instance, rampant fires have been reported in the Araribóia indigenous reserve in Maranhão state, home to the Awá, a tribe classified as the world’s most endangered group by the Survival International. Most importantly, the wild-

fires’ damage to the Amazon has crippled the forest’s ability to keep climate change in check. Han Tseng (11) communicated his distress, “Many countries have spent decades and huge amounts of money to promote green lifestyles and renewable energy… not for those efforts to be completely reversed by [people who are willing to sacrifice the environment for the economy].” While rescue teams have been deployed to combat the ravaging fire, citizens must contemplate the catastrophic consequences of human-driven deforestation, as well as the need to prevent more environmental crises from escalating. Hopefully, with the joint effort of governments and citizens, the world will soon commence forest restoration and proceed to ameliorate Earth’s lung cancer.

4


Politics

Hong Kong Protests The Past, Present, and Future Written by: Anguu Chang Edited by: Jessica Lin

Sighs of relief are heard everywhere across Hong Kong as its protestors are currently celebrating a hard-fought victory. As of September 4, 2019, Hong Kong’s chief executive Carrie Lam has announced the withdrawal of a highly controversial extradition bill. Here is a quick recap as to what the extradition bill is and a glimpse into its tainted history. The bill was introduced as a response to a murder case in Taiwan. Pre-existing judicial loopholes allowed Taiwanese criminals to escape to Hong Kong, as there were no extradition bills between Taiwan and Hong Kong. Initially, the extradition bill was simply to prevent Hong Kong from becoming the shelter of criminals. What arose from this, however, was widespread criticism, violent protests, and cases of assault, battery, and death. The bill granted the Chinese government the ability to extradite “suspects” from Hong Kong to China. If enacted, Hong Kong citizens and tourists would be subjected to the jurisdiction of Mainland China, which directly undermines Hong Kong’s autonomous status. 5

Layout by: Ryan Hsiao Photograph by: Han Tseng

The bill sparked months of protests, plunging Hong Kong into its biggest political crisis in decades.

marked with the storming of the Legislative Council Complex. The Hong Kong emblem was defaced, furniture were destroyed, Over fifty pro-democ- and protests began to “blosracy groups in Hong Kong som” all around Hong Kong launched the first wave of pro- following this immense test in late March. The second demonstration. The month protest garnered over 130,000 of July saw many peaceful civilian turnout, making it demonstrations, including the largest protest since July an elderly march to show 2014. More protests were is- their solidarity and support sued as responses to a filibus- for the youths of Hong Kong. ter campaign against the bill. Unfortunately, protests also On June 9th, just three days turned violent in Shia Tin (July before the filibuster expired, 14th), Yuen Long (July 21st), organizers stated that over a and Sai Wan (July 28th). million protestors––a recording-breaking number––have August 5th saw the city’s attended the rally. Protesters also attempted to charge into the Legislative Council building, which resulted in intense clashes between police officers and protestors. Carrie Lam promised to suspend the bill on June 15th, but protestors were not satisfied. By then, over two million protestors were determined to have the bill entirely withdrawn. Despite apologising to Hong Kong civilians, Lam refused to either resign or scrap the bill. The start of July was


largest general strikes: over 350,000 citizens participated. The alleged police brutality across multiple areas (Tai Po, Causeway Bay, Kwai Chung, and Sham Shui Po; additional material herce) on August 11th prompted protesters to organize a three-day sitin at Hong Kong International Airport. Additionally, protestors began passing out pamphlets to notify them of the ongoing issue. Other notable protests include the “Hong Kong Way� campaign, which was supported by over 200,000 participants, and the Kwun Tong protests, which marked the first live round since the demonstrations broke out back in March. September started with gatherings at the Hong Kong International Airport and numerous school and university boycotts. On September 4th, Carrie Lam finally announced she would withdraw the bill and stated her hopes for increased dialogue on the community level.

6


Local News

How Taiwan’s Society and Government Have Responded to Hong Kong’s Turmoil Written by: Jasmine Yen Edited by: Jessica Lin Layout by: Ryan Hsiao Photograph by: Judy Chao

Hong Kong’s turmoil, lasting over one hundred days since April 28, started with the aim of withdrawing an extradition bill proposed by the Hong Kong government. The bill dictates that under the law, authorities are allowed to detain and extradite people wanted to countries and territories with which Hong Kong has no formal extradition agreements, including mainland China and Taiwan. Concerns and outrages have swept among Hong Kong residents, most of whom upheld a high degree of autonomy and civil liberties distinguishing from the Chinese mainland; critics conjecture that Hong Kong citizens along with foreign investors and visitors, not just criminals but targeted political activists as well, would be placed under mainland Chinese jurisdiction manipulated by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) if the bill were to be enacted, apparently acting contrary to the “one country, two system” policy promised by the CCP when Hong Kong, a former British colony, was returned to China in 1997.

7

In response to the unrest of protests taking place in Hong Kong, some


Taiwanese “strongly support the Hong Kong police to strictly enforce the law and stop the violence” ignited by the “notorious ruffians,” while a majority of the citizens in Taiwan claims “rally in solidarity with Hong Kong anti-extradition protests,” and the slogan “Today’s Hong Kong, Tomorrow’s Taiwan,” deriving from the prevailing appeal of Sunflower Movement in 2014, stresses the public fear of Taiwan suffering the same fate as Hong Kong, while the presidential candidate of Kuomintang (KMT) Han Kuo-yu doesn’t acknowledge this “nonsense.” Hong Kong’s ongoing series of demonstrations certainly reverberate Taiwan’s society, in which controversy between those who favor the Hong Kong government and others who back the protesters has even elevated the long-standing debate of Taiwan’s crossstrait relations with China. President Tsai Ing-wen of Taiwan has been highly aware of the situation in Hong Kong, stating that “the democratic protests in Hong Kong not only made Taiwanese cherish their existing democratic system and way of life even more, but also made it clear to them that the ‘one country, two systems’ model is not viable.” Similar to her outright defense of Taiwan’s independent position against

the Message to Taiwan Compatriots delivered by Xi Jinping, Tsai emphasized that “as long as Tsai Ing-wen is president, anyone who tries to undermine Taiwan’s sovereignty and democracy, or use them as political bargaining chips, will fail.”

-

Students in PAS generally respond positively to Hong Kong’s turmoil despite their recognition of the uncertainty in Taiwan’s prospects with its neighboring country. In Jillian Wu’s (11) words, “Spirits of democracy will never die even under extreme suppression.” Yunjeong Paek (12) also made a positive remark on the matter:

-

-

I personally am not completely hopeless on Hong Kong citizens achieving their goal. Around 30 years ago, Koreans fought for democracy, and many were killed, but we eventually got [what] we want. I cannot guarantee [that] Hong Kong will win the game, but I am very optimistic [about] the citizens’ unity, and I hope they keep their stamina as long as they could. Although this situation is [on] a bigger scale with other countries involved, their efforts should have an impact. In Hong Kong, the prior indefinitely suspended extradition bill was eventually declared “dead” by the territory’s chief executive Carrie Lam after months of mass protests. This compromise does not satisfy most of the Hong Kong protesters due to Lam’s refusal to discuss any of the other four demands from the protesters. Hong Kong’s turmoil and its underlying problems cannot be resolved at once, and the ripple effect of the events will last even longer in both Hong Kong and Taiwan. Now, it is no denying that Taiwan residents should be reminded that their decisions in the 2020 presidential election will significantly contribute to the extent of Chinese pressure, following Taiwan’s global status, and the lives of future generations living in Taiwan. 8


Opinion Opinion

A

Written by: Kitty Tseng Edited Edited by: by: Jason Jason Liu Liu Layout by: Ryan Hsiao

Today, couples who choose not to bear their own child— whether it be due to infertility or logistical considerations— turn to surrogacy: a means of childbearing where a gestational mother carries and gives birth to a child for the intended parents for revenue. While on the surface level, surrogacy appears to work in the interest of all parties involved, surrogates are actually left vulnerable to exploitation, abuse, and trauma that cannot be compensated with what they earn, and commissioning parents face difficulties themselves. A myriad of legal disputes would demonstrate the insidious nature of the surrogacy industry, from the death of Brooke Brown, a surrogate mother who passed from complications of pregnancy with unexpected twins and the defense of Helen Beasley, who went against the will of the biological parents not to abort one of the two twins she was carrying. This begs the question: does surrogacy really benefit anyone involved? By way of in vitro-fertilization (IVF), gametes are gathered from the biological or donor parents and transferred to the uterus of the gestational carrier; because of the absence of sexual stimulation for the surrogate, these gametes have to be fertilized and fused outside of the womb. Thus this fertilized embryo— the basis of what will become “tiny human beings”— are created by means of scientific intervention: a means that does not arise from nature, but instead acts against nature. Upon marriage and love, the husband and wife are rendered capable of generating a new life, and it is the very inseparable connection that allows for the responsibility of parenthood to be retained. However, does pure science allow for profound emotions? Prenatal bonds foster intimacy and inseparable ties between the mother and the baby. However, upon departure after labor, surrogate mothers may cope with unfulfilled maternal instincts and symptoms of postpartum depression. As a result, many surrogates “make a conscious effort to think of surrogacy as a job and do not see the baby as their own” (Baslington, 2002). Still, such deliberate emotional detachment from pregnancy contradicts the nature of motherhood— a process that calls for the complete emotional investment

9


on behalf of the mother. In like manner, commissioning parents are also bound to face crises. In essence, the baby is a product of vicarious fantasy, without committing to the physical and emotional process that pregnancy and childbirth entails. But the baby will eventually arrive as a reality, and there will not be room for ideals that are beyond its means. Thus rather than being “mutually beneficial”, surrogacy does no good for both parties involved: the surrogate mother alienates her emotions and commissioning parents face overwhelming parental pressure. Pregnancy also subjects surrogate mothers to an array of inevitable maternal conditions, from mild pelvic infections, unintentional epigenetic effects, to fatal manipulations of the embryo. Looking into the death of surrogate Brooke Brown and her twins, among many other cases of surrogate death, one will notice that the surrogacy agencies merely proclaim surrogate deaths as “unexpected, fatal complications to pregnancy”. To fan the flames, the surrogate bears the responsibility of protecting the two fertilized gametes and the hopes of the commissioning parents. With such disputable terms, surrogates may never get justice. Amid fertilization, doctors by and large transfer more than one set of gametes to ensure compatibility; in turn, multiple pregnancies, whether they be twins or triplets or other multiples, often enmesh additional complications into the bargain. Besides medical implications— placental abruptions, preterm labor, and miscarriages— multiple pregnancies in surrogacy involve multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR). Other-

wise known as selective reduction, MFPR is the process of which one or more fetuses are aborted for health, financial, or other reasons, and most surrogacy contracts will entitle commissioning parents to make decisions about abortion. But when someone else gets to tell a woman what to do with a fetus in her body, can she exercise her reproductive autonomy? In a case in 2001, Helen Beasley decided not to abort one of the two twins she was carrying despite the will of the biological parents to do so. The couples then opted out of surrogacy, and the baby was left without custody before being adopted into another family. Beasley’s case isn’t a first; disagreements between the surrogate and commissioning parents have left many children without custody and abandoned in orphanages. Surrogacy also casts doubts on what constitutes womanhood; to many, “it’s just allowing women to meet their reproductive goals!” While this may be true in theory, a number of problems arise in practice. Within the decade, the surrogacy industry worldwide is estimated to be worth six billion USD per year. Accepting the status quo, surrogacy transgresses a poverty-stricken woman’s dignity and bodily autonomy to meet soaring demands of such a service for the affluent. Reproductive commerce, thus-and-so, undermines the morale of womanhood by degrading pregnancy to a mere act of service; the “baby producers” are objectified, and her womb is commodified for the market demand in a manner akin to prostitution. Science in the place of love, unprotected pregnancy, selective reduction, reproductive exploitation all go to show that surrogacy has a reason to offend everyone.

10


Science

Rather Deadly Measles Than Autism Written by: Yunjeong Paek Edited by: Jessica Lin

In 2000, the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) officially declared that measles had been eliminated from the United States. Nineteen years later, in April 2019, the CDC announced 695 reported cases from measles cases. How did this happen? Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by the rubeola virus-- nine out of ten people who were in contact with the infected person get the disease if not vaccinated. The MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine was first made in 1963 by Maurice Hilleman and was proven to be 97% effective. However, in 1998, a research paper submitted by Andrew Wakefield and 12 of his colleagues claimed that MMR vaccine may result in behavioral regression and pervasive disorder-- in other words, autism-- in children. The research was done on a small sample size of 12 with an uncontrolled design, and the conclusions were speculative. The researcher had his medical license revoked after the research paper was found to be fraudulent in 2011, but the research still gained widespread public interest. Celebrities have also played a big role in perpetuat11

ing the anti-vaccination movement. For instance, Jessica Biel expressed her worries towards health consequences of mandatory vaccinations. Jim Carrey wrote false statements that vaccinations have not been checked for safety. Last but not least, Jenny McCarthy spread her belief that vaccines caused her son’s autism. Contrary to popular notions, anti-vaccine sentiments are not specific to countries other than Taiwan. According to the Taipei Department of Health on mid-August this year, over 4000 children have not been vaccinated. The National Immunization Information System data revealed that 16.3 percent of children who started first grade this month had yet to complete the required vaccination that included MMR, Japanese encephalitis vaccine, and TdapIPV. Students in PAS agreed on the positive impact of vaccines. Justine Chang, a senior, responded when asked about the opinion on the anti-vaccination movement: “I personally do not support the anti-vaccination movement due to the fact that vaccines have protected us from deadly diseases in the past and in

today’s world. Since the rise of the anti-vaccination movement, people are dying from long thought eliminated diseases. Moreover, the fear and beliefs against vaccination are irrational.” Other respondents had similar viewpoints. Lillian Shern, a junior, said that “vaccination is keen to humans in general as they are cost-effective and prevent people from infectious diseases,” correctly pointing out the benefits of vaccination. Jasmine Yen, a senior, added that she recognizes the concerns on vaccines, but she wouldn’t “approve anti-vaccination movement unless govs or some famous originations officially claim that certain vaccinations are harmful.” Vaccination is the way to prevent cascades of infections, especially in clustered areas such as schools. It is highly recommended for the students to take note of the importance of vaccinations and to not fall into false claims which comes with risking their health.

Layout by: Ryan Hsiao


Technology:

Should mobile phones be banned in schools? The number of mobile device users in the world is expected to surpass 5 billion by 2019. With 19.6 million people in Taiwan owning a mobile phone, it is unusual when you see someone not owning one. However, as researchers study the impact of spending too much time online, a polarizing question is raised among the particular trend focusing on young people: should or should not cell phones be allowed in school? Several arguments support restricting cell phone usage in school as students could potentially be distracted by video games, Netflix, and social media, rather than paying attention in class. On the flip side, cellphones may also be used for educational purposes, making lessons which were once dull, into ones more engaging and intuitive. Therefore, rather than banning them, teachers should find ways to incorporate these smart devices into the curriculum to make classes more modern and diverse. Below are the reasons why phones should be allowed in schools. According to the Top Hat blog's survey conducted in 12.

2017, 75% of students feel that digital devices help them learn more effectively, and 94% of students want to use cellphones in school for academic purposes. These statistics show that students have already adapted to the scenario of using smartphones for educational purposes. Besides, only six percent of students do not use their cellphones in school for academic purposes. The majority of the students feel that digital devices enable them to learn more effectively, as teacher Matthew Kearney says, "If students want to investigate, collect data, receive personalized and immediate feedback, record media, create, compose or communicate with peers in and beyond the classroom, using mobile apps is ideal." and Robert Shuter, the founder of The Center for Intercultural New Media Research, explains, "Mobile devices can significantly enrich learning, according to myriad studies, as long as instructors carefully integrate them into their teaching and judiciously monitor their use." How can that happen? Through active learning, where students are taught and led to recall information through action, rather

than passive listening. Active learning can help combat the ''Pulpit Problem'', which is when students are not actively participating, and the teacher's pulpit becomes the cynosure of the classroom. Cellphones have made the practice of active learning much more straightforward to manage. Apps and student engagement platforms like Google Classroom can help. Moreover, as previously mentioned, many students say that they are willing to use their devices as a means of education. In conclusion, smartphones can be positive teaching tools in most scenarios, but they can also be detrimental to the learning environment in the classroom. Therefore, it is essential for students to learn about the reality of cell phones and how they can benefit the classroom. In doing so, they can make more positive and considerate decisions on how and when they use their smartphones. Written by:Chiwei Tai Edited by: Jessica lin Layout by: Angel Yang Photograph by: Han Tseng


Entertainment Article

Will SuperM Be Superb? Early in August, a South Korean music label SM Entertainment announced that they will be launching a new Kpop group “SuperM.” The group consists of seven elite members from pre-existing groups: Kai and Baekhyun from EXO, Taemin from Shinee, Lucas and Ten from WayV, and Mark and Taeyong from NCT. SuperM will debut on October 4th with a partnership with Capitol Music Group and its independent label service Caroline. SM Entertainment founder Lee Suman revealed that SuperM was formed because he “was asked by Capitol Music CEO Steve Barnett to produce a new team that would display the strongest synergy between the West and East recently.” The news of SuperM’s debut has polarized public opinion. Fans of the original groups have been reluctant to accept the SuperM because the original groups are

13. Layout by Jessica Hsu

doing well, and involvement in SuperM may disrupt their original groups. Enlistment was another major concern. A Quora user, Szabina P. -B, responded to “What do you think about the new K-pop group SuperM”: “Baekhyun… has to enlist in the next 2 maybe 3 years. And Taemin is not too far from enlisting too.” In fact, Baekhyun has to enlist within a year. Once a member is enlisted, he will be absent for two years; this disturbance will strike SuperM hard because enlistment will happen soon due to the fact that members are all close to the age Korean men typically perform compulsory military service In contrast, some fans have also been optimistic about and receptive of SuperM. The amalgamation of talented members from different, existing groups is exciting for some. A Taiwanese fan of NCT, Guanya Lin, said, “I am not really surprised by a unit suddenly

appearing or having a new member. I’m actually looking forward for this to happen because I’m curious about what will happen if all those aces become a team. Also, Because SuperM is from SM, I think the quality and genre of the music will be fresh.” Many fans now accept the situation as it is, and are waiting for the group’s debut, but the aforementioned concerns remain. Still, it’s too early in SuperM’s journey to say if those concerns and the critical fans will affect its success.

Written by Yunjeong Paek Edited by Jason Liu

Photograph by Judy Chao


Sports

Is The Use of

Performance-Enhancing Drugs Justified?

The topic of legalizing performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) in sports has been a highly debated issue. Despite popular opinion, the legalization of PEDs in sports does not mitigate inequality or foster more competition, and only worsens the stigma about sports at a competitive level. Ethics enthusiasts like Julian Savulescu argue that PED usage can bridge the genetic inequality between competitors. Savulescu brings up the case of the Finnish Skier Eero Mantyranta, who won three gold medals in 1964. It was later discovered that Mantyranta had a genetic mutation, which meant he had 40–50% more red blood cells than the average human. He leaves the reader with a simple question:“was it fair that he had a significant advantage given to him by chance?” To answer 14.

Savulescu’s question, absolutely. Elite sprinters often have a 4:1 ratio of fast-twitch to slow-twitch muscles in their legs (the everyday “us” only have a 1:1 ratio in muscle composition). The fact is that all athletes who make it to the Olympics are incredibly talented. Instead of trying to correct nature, we should accept that some people are just innately more gifted compared to others, and appreciate instead of envy their extraordinary abilities. The purpose of sports is simple- in competition, we are trying to discover who is the best at a particular field. The 100-meter dash in the Olympics is how we find the fastest sprinter in the world. The marathon is how we find the most durable runner in the world. There is undoubtedly going to be genetic disparities in nature, but that is how we distinguish the best from the best. Instead of dwelling

on an unfixable inequality, we should instead appreciate an athlete’s talents and dedication. In the status quo, many athletes claim that they are pressured to take substances in wake of success. Do we ask or expect too much of these athletes? Maybe. Maybe the human body can only be pushed so far before it hits a wall. PED legalization may help us breach that wall temporarily, but the human body will still eventually meet its limits. Perhaps we seek the impossible. However, it is this very aura of impossibility that encapsulates our attention and make us stare at our television screens in awe, and cheer for every touchdown, three pointer, or world reWritten by: Anngu Chang Edited by: Jessica Lin Layout by: Angel Yang Photograph by: Judy Chao


Literature

Abandoned I don’t pretend to know The trauma deep inside your soul When your eyes are filled with pain And your skin in the bitter cold I don’t pretend to seek The tears dripping down the drain As the pure red of your palms Get washed away by rain I don’t pretend to understand The chances that you’re taking When my arduous goodbye to you Hides the little one that’s trembling I don’t pretend to know all I don’t pretend to fear But that day you left me on the streets It all became so clear

Written by: Juniper Huang Edited by: Joey Lin Layout by: Angel Yang Artwork by: Gracy Wen 15. P.15


EICs: Ray Chen Joey Lin

Reporters: Ping Tsai Anngu Chang Jasmine Yen Kitty Tseng Yunjeong Paek Chiwei Tai Juniper Huang

Layout: Jessica Hsu Ryan Hsiao Angel Yang

Editors: Jason Liu Jessica Lin

Photographers: Han Tseng Judy Chao Gracy Wen

Profile for pacificamerican

Typhoon Times: First Issue  

The first issue of Pacific American School's very own student run newspaper Typhoon Times is now out! Read your heart out!

Typhoon Times: First Issue  

The first issue of Pacific American School's very own student run newspaper Typhoon Times is now out! Read your heart out!

Advertisement