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Pablo Lituma B.S. Architecture University at Buffalo


As a student of Architecture at the University of Buffalo I have learned much about techniques, design and creativity. I have also learned about my passion, Architecture and the built environment that surrounds me. My curiosity for architecture has made me thnk in unique ways to solve issues in our environment and society. I hope you enjoy the projects presented in this portfolio. -Pablo Lituma

Tel: (631) 871-9520 E-mail: Pablo.Lituma@gmail.com Linked In:http://www.linkedin.com/in/plituma


Living Machine

1-8

Farmers Market

9-10

1:

FOOTING: (1)9 Feet wide X 13 feet long X 18 inches thick with the long direction and 10 #6 in the short direction . ( wide X 12 in thick continuous site cast concrete with running in the long direction. (3) 1 foot 4 inches wid ous 1 feet deep with reinforcement 2- #5. (7) 4 feet wide X 5 inches follow shape of steps.

2:

EXTERNAL WALL BELOW GRADE: 12 X 16 X 8 in outer Wythe.

3:

EXTERNAL WALL ABOVE GRADE: 8 x 16 x 8 CMU inner Wythe with 3- #5 reinforcing 4 ment at corners and openings and horizontal reinfo Vapor Barrier 2 inch rigid insulation 2 inch air space. 8 X 8 X 4 in CMU outer Wythe

4.

FIRE PLACE: 16 X 8 X 8 inch CMU 2- #5 in grouted cavity with 9 wire ties 16 inch O.C vertical.

5.

WINDOWS Ground window- Two 8 inch lintel 2 course high with grout solid Two 12 inch Lintel 2 course high CMU, with reinforc 12 inch bond beam with 2- #5 reinforcement passin Through wall flashing with length of lintel Weep 32 inches O.C Cast concrete sill. Steel sash windows with insulate

6.

GROUND FLOOR ASSEMBLY 4 inch thick concrete floor slab wire mesh reinforce Vapor barrier 4 inch compacted sand fill

7.

SECOND FLOOR ASSEMBLY ¾ inch gypsum board 3 X 5 inch edge beam for joist to rest on 2 X 10 joist at 16 inches O.C. ¾” plywood subflooring ¾”finish Wood Flooring 1 X 6 tongue and groove. STAIR: Stair landing slab reinforcement clearance ¾ inch f Stair Site cast concrete with #5 at 12 inch spacing.

8

8.

12

9. 11

CEILING 2 X 4 joists at 16inc O.C. Batting insulation 3/4 inch gypsum board

11.

ROOF Built up roof on 5 /8 inch decking. ¾ inch bolts at 16 inch O.C through 2 X 8 with ledge 2 X 8 inch joist 48 inch O.C.

12.

Porch roof 2 x 6 inch wood tongue and groove decking Built up roof on 5/8 inch plywood decking 2 X 8 inch joist

10

Porous Walls

11-12

CLERESTORY 1/8 inch glass set in sealent in sash block MET sash block cut Bond Beam continuous 8 inch lintel block with 2 # 5 Lintel 2 course 8 inch CMU lintel block with 2 # 5 gr past each side of opening

10.

5

TenSity

13-14 9 4

Mosque

15-16

Tripod

17-18

Facades

19-20

Body Lift

21-22

3

7

2 1

6

CROFFEAD RESIDENCE CLARKE & MENEFEE SCALE: 3/4”=1’-0

C.A.D

23

Installation

24

PABLO LITUMA JOHN WHALEY DEREK SUPINSKY JAMIE GARD


`

Living machine Residence/community center Living Machine building aims to provide low cost housing for researchers in sustainability. The copperative residents share the laboratory with a public education center and a public exhibition space where viewers can visit and explore the natural environment within the building. Buffalo as a city faces a problem, in the way water is managed, it is Currently a High quality resource for low quality use, it is expended for human development with little regard for the results Residents at the Living Building will become aware of their water consumption and their effects through their experiences living in a sustainable building. Users are aware by viewing a living machine from every public area in the building. A mixed use building housing 18 residences, education center, and fish farm tanks brings awareness to the city of Buffalo while correcting a problem. Water is allowed to exit in to Lake Erie after going through the treatment process.

1

Buffalo, NY

Living machine


Comm

Buffalo Water systems Pablo Lituma Arc: 402 Living machine

Concept High quality resource for low quality use.

M

N

W. Chippewa St.

W. Huron St.

Problem: Continous degredation of water quality caused by centralized treatment of waste causing mixture of Combined sewer Mixed Intake waste and storm water in sewer combined drainin Buffalo Water sewerStorm system

Cary St.

Delaware Ave.

S. Elmwood Ave.

Concept

and 2 3 development 4 1 Nature 5 are brought 6 together under one roof, for all to view. As visitors and residents view and Living inhabit nature and realize whay nature can do, experience becomes a tool for consciousness in sustainable living methods.

Franklin St.

“Living Machine� - By John Todd.

Community

Research A sustainable method to purify water using only nature as the formula. Research by John Todd, scientist of ecology and his work serves as a model for alternative development patterns allowing decentralized systems to clean waste on site in an eco-friendly method.

City Treatment

2

Community

System Capacities: 2,500 GPD (9460 l/d) Step 1 Primary sediment basin. Step 2 Anoxic Reactors. Step 3 Closed Aerobic reactors. Step 4 Aerated tanks. Municipal water treatment system Step 5 Clarifier: disposal. Centralized Step 6 Ecological fluidized beds.

3 4 5

2

1

3

4

5

6

5

1 Living Machine

2

3

Living Machine water Treatment system Decentralized

6 1

6

4 2

Fall 2011

2


Living machine

Compost System using Foam Flush Toilet 6� chute extruding from roof for ventilation Rain Harvesting for Laundry and sink use

Photo Voltaic panels Power for water pumps at

Atrium 4 th Floor

Heat & Odors

2

Roof Cistern

Atrium 4 th Floor

8 3 4 Interior Views Entrance Lobby Views

Pablo Lituma Pablo Lituma Arc: 402

5

402 Living machine Aeration TanksArc: Fifth floor Living machine

Anoxic reactor

7 6

Aeration tank

5 4 Aeration Tanks Fifth floor

5 Clarifier

3 6

Fluidized bed

2 FISH

6 Entrance Lobby

Collection Point for waste

Grinder pump 1

7

Basin

2 3

4


Ground

Elevations

Floor 6

Pablo Lituma Arc: 402 Living machine

Floor 4

Floor 7

2 W. Chippewa Street

Semi-public/ ResidentialGround Lobby Ground

7

Delaware Avenue

Floor 5

3 Residential spaces Floor 4

Elevations

Residential spaces Floor 5 Pablo Lituma Arc: 402 Living machine

W. Chippewa Street

4


3 Hour 2 Hour 1 Hour 1/2 Hour

Pablo Lituma Lituma Pablo E Educational Arc: Arc: 402 402 Living machine machine R-2 Dormitories Living U Greenhouses

Integrated building Systems

The structure enhances the light aspects of a public program. A structure permits by allowing openings that enables sun and day light a key component into my building. The structure extends out from the core or from where the vertical structure is located.

Environmental systems & suta Air intake

Fire Protection Systems Smoke Detectors are required for all occupancies. For R-1 and R-2 residential, a detector is required 1) in each sleeping room/ area. 2) On each floor immediately outside of each sleeping area and 3) on each floor of unit.

Light and Shade

A

Audiovisual fire alarms are required throughout the building every 75’ within spaces and in escape routes. Pull stations are required immediately outside entrances to egress stairs and within the stair at the final exit at grade level.

Air duct distribution

The structure enhances the light aspects of a public program. A structure permits by allowing openings that enables sun and day light a key component into my building. The structure extends out from the core or from where the vertical structure is located.

Daylight for green ho

Because of the R-1/ R-2 Occupant group, Sprinklers are required throughout the entire building. The maximum area of coverage per sprinkler is 225sq ft. Each room requires at least one sprinkler head. All areas are required to be covered including closets or storage areas more than 4’ in length or width. 5

3

2

5

Section :A


Egress 44” wide

ability

Smoke vent Elevator

A

Audiovisual fire alarms are required throughout the building every 75’ within spaces and in escape routes.

Pablo Lituma Arc: 402 Living machine

2 Cars 6’10” X 6’10”

Pull stations are required immediately outside entrances to egress stairs and within the stair at the final exit at grade level. Door clearence Push: 12” Door clearence Because of the R-1/Pull: R-2 18” Occupant group,

Sprinklers are required throughout the entire building. The maximum area of coverage per sprinkler is 225sq ft. Each room requires at least one sprinkler head. All areas are required to be covered including closets or storage areas more than 4’ in length or width.

Air

18 inch pull

Refuge areas

Ventilation . Parking

60” Turning radius

5

Exit route Parking Space

Parking Space

Public Space

Environmental systems &

Fire Protection Systems Smoke Detectors are required for all occupancies. For R-1 and R-2 residential, a detector is required 1) in each sleeping room/ area. 2) On each floor Thermal wells immediately outside of each sleeping area and 3) on each floor of unit. Vertical acces

4 Space Public Residential: Typical sutainability Type A:18

Pablo Lituma

Arc: 402 Radiant floor Living machine

Audiovisual fire alarms are required Bioclimactic Design Natural shading from plants. Thermal covers protection during nIght time Light and air Natural daylight Natural daylit living spaces.

Whol;e building

The building uses passive cooling and heating for public spaces and the residential spaces use a geothermal system along with a chilling system. 2

Section :A Public Space

Parking Space

4

Environmental systems & su Thermal wells

Radiant floor Vertical acces

Heat transfer

Whol;e building

Centralized service systems

6


Roof

A

high reflectance roof Cementitious roof panels 24" wide Rigid foam insulation 1" corrugated steel deck

9

8

B

Public Atrium

A

Roof High reflectance roof Cementitious roof panels 24” wide

B

Rigid foam insulation 1” corrugated steel deck

C

Residence Skin: Clear double pane glass with operable sliding windows. Operable Wood Louvers 2” by 6” spaced 1’ O.C

D

Atrium Frosted double pane Glass for Living Machine Drop down interior insulated panels for night time heat retention.

E

Structure: Steel Beams rest on top of 16 inch girder for cantilever Floor: 3” poured concrete 1” steel deck Skin: Clear glass for residential units

F

Substructure: Steel Plate bolted to foundation Foundation 40’ deep piles. 1’ thick concrete slab. Retaining wall: Cast in place retaining wall 1’ thick.

Frosted double pane glass Drop down thermal cover panels. Structure: Steel Beams rest on top of 16 inch girder for cantilever Floor: 3" poured concrete 1" steel deck Skin: Clear Glass for Living Machine Drop down interior frosted, Double-wall polycarbonate night time thermal panels.

7

6

5

C

4

Residential Skin: Double pane glass with operable sliding windows. operable Wood Louvers 2" by 6" spaced 1' O.C

3

2

1

Steel column 1’ by 1 ‘ verandeel truss system

7

A

High reflectance roof Cementitious roof panels 24" wide

B

Rigid foam insulation 1" corrugated steel deck

C

Skin: Double pane glass with operable sliding windows. operable Wood Louvers 2" by 6" spaced 1' O.C

D

Clear Glass for Living Machine Drop down interior frosted, Double-wall polycarbon-


8


Farmers Market A study developed by sustainable futures students as part of an internship project aimed to provide a community with a design for their local needs. The development called for a look through the lens of sustainable management and interaction for inhabitants. The clients desire called for a market and arts center as well as small office space. The concept was developed through an inquiry of development in the region where homes are expanded as owners acquire funds. This also lead to a phased process where 2 or 3 additions would expand as needed. Due to our desire for minimal intervention he concept of chain was developed. Each space added to a center allowed a continuous growth while enabling a complex to change in form and orientation. Design and field study conducted by collaboration of sustainable future students. Drawings and illustrations by Mark Storie, and Lucy Wang.

9

Monteverde, Costa Rica

Summer 2011

NORTH

La Feria de la Mariposa


10


Porous wall Office/Market The project focused on creating public interactions while allowing air and ligth to naturally illuminate the interriors. This is done by creating apertures across floors, to open and create visibility across floors. The building uses precedents in structure from the world trade center and self supporting facade by Reiser Umemoto.

Second floor

11

Strip district Philadelphia

Sixth Floor

Porous Wallls


Office

Sixth Floor

Market fall 2010

12


Hospice/ Nexus/ Birthing The hospice/ Birthing center serves a community that chooses to engage in place where private and collective spaces engage inhabitants in interactions which place them in different times, birth Using an exhibition space through out the circulation of the building encourages patients from Birthing and Hospice programs to interact with each other as the user chooses to cross the boundaries from shared spaces to individual spaces.

15 13

Term Buffalo, NY

Team or self TensSity


Landscape

Fillmore Avenue

Exhibiton

Landscape

Exhibiton

Exhibiton

Exhibiton

B

A

A

Landscape

Landscape

B

ay Broadw

N

Fillmore Avenue

ay Broadw

Fifth Floor

Second Floor

Hospice

Birthing

ecipsoH gnihtriB suxeN Nexus

laudividnI

derahS

Fall 2010

14


Experiential Density Mosque

S-A

S-C

S-B

S-B

S-B

S-B S-A

S-C

Mecca

Site Plan 1’ : 1/16�

N

A

A

B

B

Elevation

Elevation

15

The mosque heightened experiences through circumambulation of the space. As one moves from one program to the other, one perceives expansion and contraction of surroundings. The undulating walls and columns intensify as programs merge and create spaces. Programs are separated into three spaces, they are designed with the intention of creating structural density to alter perceptions of space. The structure field areas are surrounded by walls that push and pull horizontally. The least structurally intense areas create an expansion of space in section thus continuously changing the volume in spaces.


Hagia Sophia Circumambulation with changes in density of walls

Spatial density

Sectional expansion and contraction

Typology Typological transformations of the mosques. Circumambulating movement creates a structural and spacial regulation for mosques. The circulating movement provided access to the spiritual realm by repeating the movements of the heavens. Spatial density

Spatial density

Circumambulation with spatiial ldensity changes

Separation of spaces

Sectional expansion and contraction S-A

S-C

Expansion and contraction of space by walls

S-B

S-B

Spatial density.

Density of columns

Spatial density

Separation of spaces

Spatial density

S-B

S-B S-A

S-C

Mecca

Density created by columns Site Plan

Expansion and contraction of space by w

1’ : 1/16� N

Structural columns Spatial density

Separation of spaces A

A

B

B

Elevation

Circulation

Density created by c

Max slope 1:12

Structural co Elevation

Section A

Section C

Circulati

Max slope 1

Section B

Experiential density Mosque

Section D

Spring 2010

16


Tripod Music hall, Recording studio A music performance space and sound studio for a community in Buffalo. The music center is designed for up to 100 people, as well as address other needs for other programs such as a recording studio with offices, and recording rooms. All spaces have been aligned with accessibility, egress and life safety codes and concerns.

17

Fall 2009


Tripod

18


Structured Nature The project explores relationships, and patterns found in nature and textiles. upon researching patterns found in sand dunes, one realizes shapes are not as arbitrary as seen from a distance but indeed are controlled by plants and more specifically the network of roots created. Small plants create the necessary ph levels in soil to allow others to grow . As these patches of life expand they give the sand the formation for the overall figure. What one perceives from sand ridges are a visual sum of the clash of environments in dunes. The textile used is formed by a network of strings and ties that depend on eachother to grow and create a pattern. As the tension points change in scale they allow the overall structure to change into a different forms.

19

Fall 2010

Buffalo, NY


Facade System A project for developing a facade system that one is able to perform in various ways such as creating thermal ventilation and allowing a breathable wall. The project explores relationships of facade structure and proper daylight illumination.

Thermal wall

20


Body Lift

Mechanical lift

Using the principles of simple machines the body lift project challenged my team of 6 classmates to design an apparatus that enables the lift of a person while changing the relationship of their body to the ground. This needs to take place without exerting much physical labor. Rules for design: The structure used a maximum of 128’ of lumber. The travel distance is about six feet, and the duration of the lift lasts about sixty seconds. -The project was designed and built with group collaboration of 6 students.

21

Spring 2009


22


Hollow core concrete Planks.

Computer Aided Drafting Croffead house:

PABLO LITUMA CROFFEAD RESIDENCE Small-scale ResidenceJOHN WHALEY CLARKE & MENEFEE Clark and Menefe Architects DEREK SUPINSKY JAMIE GARD SCALE: 3/4”=1’-0

1:

FOOTING: (1)9 Feet wide X 13 feet long X 18 inches thick with 10 #6 in the long direction and 10 #6 in the short direction . (2) 36 inch wide X 12 in thick continuous site cast concrete with 3 #5 bars running in the long direction. (3) 1 foot 4 inches wide continu ous 1 feet deep with reinforcement 2- #5. (7) 4 feet 3 inches wide X 5 inches follow shape of steps.

2:

EXTERNAL WALL BELOW GRADE: 12 X 16 X 8 in outer Wythe.

3:

EXTERNAL WALL ABOVE GRADE: 8 x 16 x 8 CMU inner Wythe with 3- #5 reinforcing 48 in O.C. Vertical reinforcement at corners and openings and horizontal reinforcement at 16 in O.C. Vapor Barrier 2 inch rigid insulation 2 inch air space. 8 X 8 X 4 in CMU outer Wythe

4.

FIRE PLACE: 16 X 8 X 8 inch CMU 2- #5 in grouted cavity with 9 gauge. wire ties 16 inch O.C vertical.

5.

WINDOWS Ground window- Two 8 inch lintel 2 course high with 2- #5 reinforcement beyond grout solid Two 12 inch Lintel 2 course high CMU, with reinforcement in bond beam 12 inch bond beam with 2- #5 reinforcement passing through . Through wall flashing with length of lintel Weep 32 inches O.C Cast concrete sill. Steel sash windows with insulated glass.

6.

8

7.

8.

GROUND FLOOR ASSEMBLY 4 inch thick concrete floor slab wire mesh reinforcement Vapor barrier 4 inch compacted sand fill SECOND FLOOR ASSEMBLY ¾ inch gypsum board 3 X 5 inch edge beam for joist to rest on 2 X 10 joist at 16 inches O.C. ¾” plywood subflooring ¾”finish Wood Flooring 1 X 6 tongue and groove. STAIR: Stair landing slab reinforcement clearance ¾ inch from sides. Stair Site cast concrete with #5 at 12 inch spacing.

12

9. 11

CLERESTORY 1/8 inch glass set in sealent in sash block MET sash block cut Bond Beam continuous 8 inch lintel block with 2 # 5 bars grout solid Lintel 2 course 8 inch CMU lintel block with 2 # 5 grout solid, extend 8 inches past each side of opening

10.

CEILING 2 X 4 joists at 16inc O.C. Batting insulation 3/4 inch gypsum board

11.

ROOF Built up roof on 5 /8 inch decking. ¾ inch bolts at 16 inch O.C through 2 X 8 with ledger. 2 X 8 inch joist 48 inch O.C.

12.

Porch roof 2 x 6 inch wood tongue and groove decking Built up roof on 5/8 inch plywood decking 2 X 8 inch joist

10

Pierce County Environmental Services Building Large-scale office building Architects: Miller Hull + Arai Jackson Substructure Footing:

Pablo Lituma Andrew Pries Braedy Chapman Joe Metzger

Pierce County Environmental Services Office Building Miller Hull

1.

3' by verti #3s with Retaining W 3.

2'-6" w With

Superstructure

Exterior Wa 4.

Maso maso R-11 vapo 5/8 i

5.

Alum

16 ga Ground lev 6.

Raise conc perim sand

7.

Raise inch perim 6 inc Ceiling at f 8.

9.

5

2' by #5 c

2.

Fabr 1” w conc Con leng plyw Fabr

Aco Top

Com 12 ga 12 ga Aco

Floor assem 10. 2 inc 6 inc Raise Prec 3' x 1 reinf with

9 4

11.

Raise 2 inc Prec Con

Roof assem 12. 3

7

Sing R-30 2½i slopi 3½ 4”co Meta 1 inc Flash P.T w Meta

Alum cast 2 inc 2 inc 13.

2 1

6

CROFFEAD RESIDENCE CLARKE & MENEFEE

21

Computer Aided Drafting

SCALE: 3/4”=1’-0

PABLO LITUMA JOHN WHALEY DEREK SUPINSKY JAMIE GARD

0/20 para Cont Hollo


Beau-Fleuve

Installation By Jordan Geiger

Participated as project designer for an installation intended for use at a neghborhood in Buffalo. The installion’s purpose is to allow a point of discovery by the users. Children and adults from diverse backgrounds interact with surfaces, in order to input their information which makes them similar or different than others in their neighborhood. The information would record data about the user which could be mapped and linked to geographic history creating a map of displacements. Th information visualized diverse languages

to create dialogue between people where otherwise are not possible. otherwise would not be possible . The materials and production consist of designing using parametric software capable of of facilitating construction process. laser cutting half inch felt and stitching pieces in an arranged fashion to each other. This was produced as a direct translation from the result of programs in rhinoceros and grasshopper. Images provided by Jordan Geiger. Design collaboration by, Robert Griptko, Adam Laskowitz, Jordan Geiger, Joey Swerlin

section

Azonometric exterior

* Beau-Fleuve Installation

* *- Images by Jordan Geiger

* Spring 2012

24


OILOFTROP

Pablo Lituma B.S. Architecture


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