bad, shocking or horrendous.
A style guide or style manual is a set
Tell the story and let the listener
of standards for the writing and design of documents, either for general use or for a specific publication, organization
Do not describe news as good,
Do not frighten off your audience. One presenter began
or field. The implementation of a style
his programme by declaring that
guide provides uniformity in style and
many people thought
formatting of a document.
parliamentary reform was The style guide I have chosen to use is
boring, but he was still going to
the BBC news style guide. I have
talk about it.
chosen it as it upholds a high standard
Do try to get a strong active
that has come to be expected from the
verb in the first sentence. You
BBC. The part of the style guide I want
want to make an impact and
to focus on has been dubbed „the
keep people listening.
basics‟. This is a guide on what the
Do not start a news report with
key elements to writing are. Every
a question. The audience wants
journalist needs to know the basic
to be informed, not take part in
principles of writing the BBC do a good
job at showing this.
expected. If your item was
Here are some of the key points
predictable and you have
from the BBC style guide.
nothing new to say, why should
The key to good writing is
the listener or viewer pay
simple thoughts simply
expressed. Use short sentences and short words. Anything which is confused, complicated, poorly written or capable of being misunderstood risks losing the listener or viewer,
Do not begin a story with as
Be positive. Make assertions wherever possible, and try to avoid negatives. It is more direct to say the plan failed than The plan was not successful.
and once you have done that, you might just as well not have come to work.
These are the basic rules or principles that a writer should adhere to. They
help the journalist improve and the
Horse racing is an Equestrian sport
BBC believes these are the principles
that has a long history, with the earliest
that a journalist needs. It is how they
records of Horse racing spanning back
have retained high standards.
to ancient Babylon, Syria, the Greek
The Guardian style guide does not
Olympics of 648BC and ancient Egypt.
have a „basic skills‟ for journalist
Horse racing has also been present in
instead it focuses on outlining what the
Roman and British culture.
guardian offers readers. “The Guardian has always been a newspaper for writers, and so a newspaper for readers. All the other skills, copy editing, design, typography, illustration, photography, are there to enhance the writing and to make it more accessible, to make the paper a more desirable journal to read”.
In this sense the BBC News style guide is more informative and helpful
The sport has advanced over the years from chariot and mounted racing to using thoroughbred horses, which has made it a major industry. Horse racing is a popular spectator sport in Britain and the USA; both countries have years of racing history. Thoroughbred racing was very popular with the aristocrats and royalty of British society and earned horse racing the title of “Sport of Kings”.
to a budding journalist as it provides
There are two main types of racing in
them with good advice to help them
the USA, Endurance racing and
become a better writer.
Quarter horse racing. Unlike in Britain the U.S chooses not to use obstacles.
There are two forms of horse racing in
Great Britain; these are unobstructed
http://www.bbctraining.com/pdfs/newss tyleguide.pdf 14/10/11 http://image.guardian.co.uk/sysfiles/Guardian/documents/2004/07/15/ styleguidepdfjuly2004.pdf 14/10/11 Horse Racing
distances races, known as flat racing, and races over fences or over hurdles, known as National Hunt racing. The main calendar year races in America are the Kentucky Derby and Breeders Cup races. The Breeders Cup is held at a different race course
each year. The main calendar year
and local taxes by the track owners.
races in Britain are the Royal Ascot
The remaining sum is divided by the
and the Grand National. Both are
number of individual wagers to
normally attended by royalty.
determine the payoff, or return on each
The key people in the racing setup are jockeys, owners and the trainers. Jockeys are essential to the horse racing setup; they are weighed in and out before every race to ensure that no
bet. Gambling on Horse racing has been considered the cornerstone of British betting industry, leading to gambling on Football, Rugby and many other sports.
foul play has occurred. If a jockey does
The sport has created many great
not weigh in the same amount then an
trainers, jockeys and horses like,
objection can be raised by the other
Ginger Mccain Frankie Detori, Sir
racing teams. The owner foots the bill
Gordon Richards Red Rum and Sea
for the horse and all the needs of the
Biscuit. These are some of the greats
horse including the trainer, blacksmith,
of the British and American sport, who
vet, transport and insurance. The
have contributed immensely in there
trainer is responsible for the training
own unique ways. Some of you may
and well being of the horse along with
remember Ginger Mccain as he is
taking care of all race entries.
commonly associated with training Red Rum to three Grand National wins.
As the sport developed so did its gambling culture, â€œan activity that in
2008 generated a world-wide market worth around US $115 billionâ€?. Gambling is one of the main reasons this sport has survived for so long. The
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horse_raci ng#History 8/10/12
American betting system was
developed by a Frenchman named
Pierre Oller, he devised a system where a fixed amount of the wager (15-25%) is used for track operating expenses, racing purses, and state
http://www.eachdayeachway.co.uk/pdf/ guide.pdf 8/10/12
So far in qualifying England have
recorded a 6-0 win in the first game against Azerbaijan, they followed this
up with a 3-0 victory over Iceland
England U21 Vs Iceland U21 Phill Inman England U21‟s face Iceland U21‟s at Colchester‟s „Weston Homes community Stadium‟ as they look to extend there flying start to European Qualifying. This week‟s visit to the 10,000 seater stadium will be the second time England U21‟s have played here the first game helping secure a place at the 2011 European championship. A sell out crowd is expected at „Weston Homes Community Stadium‟ for tonight‟s game.
thanks to an Alex Oxlade Chamberlain goal before sealing their third win in three games with a 2-1 victory over Norway. This has set them up in good stead for Thursday‟s fixture against Iceland. Iceland meanwhile one their opening game against Belgium 2-1 but have recently hit a bad run of form as they have lost their last two qualifiers. The Icelandic team will be looking to bounce back from their poor run of form that sees them second from bottom, with a win against the young lions to kick start their qualifying campaign.
The Three Lions currently sit top of the table with maximum points after three wins out of three qualifiers and Stuart Pearce is hopeful that they can extend their lead at the top. “I feel as though we‟ll learn a lot from that game, and we‟ll need to play better as it will certainly be tougher this time. This is not a game we can take lightly but it‟s a good opportunity for us to put the other teams in the group under pressure”
There are a number of changes in the squad for Thursday‟s game with injuries again being a major problem for Pearce. Henri Lansbury and Connor Wickham have both dropped out due to injury whilst Jack Rodwell has been called up to the senior squad to face Spain at the weekend. Will Keane, Ryan Bennet and Sami Ameobi have all been drafted in as replacements. So far 36 players have featured in the U21‟s qualifying campaign as Pearce‟s selection has
constantly been interrupted. “We have
showing an impressive display for the
five or six new faces again in this
squad and that has happened in each get-together this season.”
England started slowly with Iceland having much of the early possession
Pearce believes the game tonight
though the first attempt on goal came
could suit Iceland more “I expect them
from England in the 15th minute, as
to sit back and try to come at us on the
Marvin Sordell forcing a routine save
counter so it will be up to us to dictate
from goalkeeper Arnar Petursson.
the game and enforce our tempo.” .England‟s young guns will be looking to get some revenge from the last time the U21 sides met, as Iceland left Preston with a 2-1 victory in march.
Alex Oxlade Chamberlain was a constant threat down the wings causing all sorts of problems for the Icelandic defence. Chamberlains attempt on the 19th minute almost got
After Thursday‟s game against Iceland
England off the mark but could only
England travel to Mons to face
put the ball across the face of the goal.
Belgium in the last fixture of the 2011 season for the U21 side. It could prove a decisive game in this qualification phase for England. Match Report England U21‟s continued their perfect
Iceland‟s best chance of the first half came through Aron Johannsson, he had a sight of goal and took a shot which went high over the bar, other then that careering shot Jack Butland was not tested in the first half.
start to the European qualifying with a
England slowly started to dominate the
convincing win over Iceland U21‟s 5-0.
game with chances coming for Sammy
The Three Lions were made to work
Ameobi, Josh McEachran and
hard early on but came out as
Chamberlain as they upped the
comfortable winners for the second
pressure on Iceland. Then on the 39th
time at Colchester‟s new stadium.
minute England found the
Nathan Delfounso was unfortunately subbed off early on due to injury. Sammy Ameobi was his replacement and made his England U21 debut
breakthrough with a goal from Marvin Sordell. Jordan Henderson carried the ball down the right and picked out the unmarked Sordell who tucked the
effort away well giving England a 1-0
free kick which was bent guided
lead going into half time.
beautifully into the top hand corner
No sooner had the second half started and England were picking up where they had left off with Craig Dawson putting the ball into the net which was unfortunately ruled out for a foul on the defender. England doubled their lead on 57 minutes with a well taken goal from Martin Kelly as the Liverpool defender
past the helpless keeper and wall. The second goal came from another surging run from Chamberlain which was converted on the edge of the box giving England a 5-0 win. A tricky fixture away to Belguim waits but Pearce and the young lions will be very happy about the performance. Quotes Led Rewrite
raided the midfield and then the defence before slotting the ball past the Petursson emphatically. No sooner had England doubled there lead did Iceland look to strike back with a free kick testing Butland in goal. Butland then needed to be on his best
England maintained their 100% record to qualifying with a 5-0 victory over Iceland. England are now 5 points clear at the top of the group after four straight victories.
as a low shot from the edge of the box
Stuart Pearce was obviously delighted
looked to creep in, the young keeper
with the result but still had some
was at his best to palm it away.
criticism over the performance â€œI was
The lions then made sure of the win with a 86th minute goal from Craig Dawson who continued his fine goal scoring streak with 4 goals to 5 caps for the U21â€&#x;s as he powered home a header from a corner. This looked to be game over but Gary Gardner was not finished as he scored 2 goals in 2 minutes after the 90 minutes. The first goal came from a
disappointed at half-time, when I thought we were playing within ourselves a bit, but we were a lot better in the second half, and although it was a fantastic result, the final score flattered us a bit, but we did have a lot of chancesâ€? A minutes silence was beautifully observed around the ground before the game kicked off ahead of remembrance Sunday. England were
sporting poppies on black armbands
we went to sleep. We're disappointed
and started brightly with Marvin Sordell
with the goals tally against England
forcing a good save from Arnar
over the two games; it isn't necessarily
Petursson, before Alex Oxlade
a reflection of our performances”
Chamberlain could only shoot wide.
Iceland did have their moments in the
The young lions took the lead just
game with Jack Butland being forced
before half time with a goal through
into several sharp saves and on a
Marvin Sordell after a pull back from
different night the attempts might have
Jordan Henderson. The host continued
gone in, but this was an England team
to press and Martin Kelly was able to
full of confidence and once they
dispossess the Icelandic midfield and
scored one the result was inevitable.
defence before finishing coolly. Craig Dawson added a third goal with a looping header from a corner.
Manager Pearce now takes the young side to face a tough game in Belgium to end this seasons U21 calendar.
Oxlade Chamberlain was a constant
Pearce warns about the young lions
threat down the right hand side and
getting complacent “There are bigger
was only denied twice by a great save
challenges to come. This is my fourth
from the keeper and some dogged of
campaign and I am acutely aware of
the line defending.
what it will take – you look at the tables
Then Gary Gardner stepped up to score a sensational free kick which gave the keeper no chance as it swerved and dipped into the top corner of the goal. Gary Gardner then added the fifth with a drilled shot on the edge of the box to cap off an emphatic display from the young lions. Iceland representative had this to say
from around Europe, Germany have five victories out of five, Italy have won four from four, France with a 100% record. It will be even tougher. We cannot afford complacency.” Pearce will be hopeful of gaining a further three points to make it a truly merry Christmas for the England U21‟s. Inquest Piece
after seeing there team slump to a 5-0
It was a rocking crowd at the „Weston
defeat. “England won comfortably, but
Homes Community Stadium‟ that saw
mistakes cost us in defense. In the
England U21 beat Iceland U21 with
second half and late on in the game,
ease and The young lions showed a
strength in depth. England were
why England have struggled to
without star men Jack Rodwell and
produce any silverware since 1966. As
Connor Wickham who were both
one of their main strengths of the other
unable to play. To combat this Stuart
nations is a depth in the squad, the
Pearce brought in the young
amount of cover they have for each
Newcastle winger/striker Sami
position is unreal.
The competition for places amongst
England did start slowly and were
players is one of the components that
caught napping once or twice early on
makes the teams so successful as all
by Iceland, but they were unable to
the players want to play and turn in a
capitalise on this, they had a large
star performance to prove to their
spell of the possession at the
manager they should feature in the
beginning, though as the clock wore
next game. This competitiveness has
down England slowly battled into the
often lacked in the years for England
as they relied on key men to do the
Early on Nathan Delfounso a regular up front for the U21â€&#x;s was subbed for the impressive Ameobi who was receiving his first U21 cap, he had an impressive debut with his long runs and it showed that England had players who could come in and do the job when needed. This is a good sign as so far in this European tournament Stuart Pearce has had to use over 36 players as players have been promoted to senior side or ruled out through injury. By taking into context the great U21 sides that are also featuring in this competition like Spain, France, Germany and Italy it is clear to see
job, yet were left in limbo when these players got to the stage they progressed to the senior side or were ruled out with Injury, an ideal example of this is Wayne Rooney 2004 European cup and 2006 World cup. Both times the young striker was hit with injury during and before the tournament and was unable to help England in the latter stages; the question was then asked who to turn to next, with the question often being unanswered. Though England U21 showed the talent that was being produced under the astute guidance of Stuart Pearce, with Gary Gardner coming on as a substitute and turning in a first class
performance which saw him score two
the early exchanges as there pacy
goals to stake a claim in the starting
runs were a constant threat to the
eleven for the next game against
Swedish defence. One such run gave
England their first attempt on goal,
England are finally starting to look like they have an abundance of players young and senior waiting in the wings to come through and star on the
Walcott combined a lovely string of passes with Bobby Zamora on the edge of the box with before the ball was struck into the side netting.
biggest platform of all, as the young
Sweden did not heed the warning of
U21 squad shows a glimpse of the
England‟s attacking intent as a floated
strength in depth that looks on the
ball from Leighton Baines was headed
whole positive for the England future.
goal wards by Gareth Barry,
2000 is the magic number for England November 16th, 2011 by The Pinman England ended 43 years of hurt
unfortunately for the Swedes it took a large deflection from Majstorovic giving England the lead and there 2000th goal in competitive football.
against Sweden with a 1-0 victory, with their 2000th goal coming courtesy of an own goal by Majstorovic.
Sweden best chance on goal came courtesy of an inswinging corner at the
It was a changed squad from Saturday
far post which nearly caught out Joe
as Fabio Capello again chose some of
hart, only a clawed save kept
the developing youth, with Phil Jones,
England‟s slender advantage.
Kyle Walker and Jack Rodwell all starting.
On the 32nd minute England‟s defence was again tested as Johan Elmander
This was Kyle Walker‟s first
found space for a snatched header
competitive start for England with a
hitting the side netting as the Swedish
number of appearances at u21 level,
fought there way back in to the tie.
Walker put in a brilliant performance which saw him win Man of the Match.
Phill Jones and Jack Rodwell both came close to giving England a two
Walker and Theo Walcott both looked
goal lead but both put their chances
dangerous on the right hand side in
agonisingly wide. Phill Jones‟s darting
run deserved a finish, whilst Jack Rodwell missed an open goal with a headed chance to end the first half.
“Pearson has unfinished work” Nigel Pearson returns for his second spell in charge of Leicester today and
The second half kicked off in similar
believes that he has unfinished
fashion with an early chance for
business with the east midlands club.
Zamora again some last ditch Swedish defending stopping the three lions roaring into a two goal lead. Both teams made substitutions in the second half to alter the game with Anders Svensonn coming on for Sweden and Daniel Sturridge making his competitive debut for England. The youngster had a sprightly start but quietened as the match continued at its fast pace. Sweden pressed for an equaliser and almost had it when Sebastion Larsson‟s cross almost crept in at the far post, only to be clawed away by the substitute goalkeeper Scott Carson. That was to be Sweden‟s last goal threat as the game ended 1-0. This result will be celebrated enthusiastically amongst English supporters as Sweden have long been the thorn in the three lions side.
Pearson had previously managed Leicester from 2008-2010 before leaving them for Hull city. During this period under Pearson‟s guidance Leicester gained promotion to the championship and made the playoffs the following season for the premier league, before losing out to Cardiff who ultimately lost to Blackpool in the final. Pearson in a press conference earlier today stated that he feels “I have unfinished business with the club” and that during his last few weeks in charge of Leicester he was made to feel “ Unwanted” by the past owner Milan Mandaric. Pearson then went on to say “Previous owner Milan Mandaric didn‟t want me to stay he made no attempt to stop me leaving for hull, at no point did he say no Nigel I want to keep you”. Now Pearson believes that the new owners Vichai Raksriaksorn will give him the backing and platform to
achieve what he failed to do in his last
Royston Vasey was a hero and a
period in charge.
villain for Hamworth United as he
As he stated in the press conference that “I think I am the right man to achieve promotion to the premier league and I have the financial backing of the board to help achieve that”. Though Pearson remains realistic that success is what this club wants as he faces up to the challenge that could get the sack if he does not achieve promotion. “It‟s a results driven business and I would expected to get the sack if I‟m not achieving the clubs aims, despite this I accept the challenge presented to me by Leicester.” This will be an encouragement to fans that have seen their clubs fortunes take a turn for the worse since Pearson left as both Paulo Souza and Sven Goran Erikson failed to achieve promotion to the premier league.
scored three goals to take them to victory, though later on got sent off for two silly yellow card offences. Hamworth United now face the prospect of being without their influential striker for the crucial game against Cansdale City. Cansdale like United are also chasing the lucrative champions league spot, a win at for Hamworth today was vital in maintaining the champion‟s league aspiration. Hamworth started poorly in the first half falling behind on 24 minutes to some Dutch magic, Van Rentall struck a sweet shot past the startled James David to give Tillington an early lead. Hamworth were shocked into action after the Tillington goal and struck back through Royston Vasey. Juan Pablo Jones freed the ball from the Tillington box, but it fell to Vasey who
When Pearson was asked whether his
made ground and space to rasp a shot
backroom staff will be joining him at
past the Tillington keeper Grcnic
Leicester he said “I hope to bring Craig
putting Hamworth back in the game.
Shakespeare and Steve Walsh with
Vasey celebrated exuberantly taking
me as they are a vital part of my team,
off his shirt and diving into the crowd,
till that happens I‟ll have to work with
this was met with a yellow card by
the staff setup here.”
Hamworth United 4 – 1 Tillington Town
Hamworth struck again shortly after
delighted, we are on course for a
the first goal as Vasey yet again
champion‟s league spot and that will
proved too much for the Tillington
be a great reward for our efforts this
defence. Vasey collected the ball on
season.” Yet Persson now has to think
the right of the penalty box, tricked his
who he can partner Hans Anfeet with
way past three defenders before
in the upcoming game, as he finds
clipping the ball over the supreme
himself without top striker Vasey.
figure of Grcnic. This goal meant
Persson also remains upbeat about
Hamworth went in on top at half time.
winning the premiership “Although
Hamworth started strongly in the second half with Royston Vasey wrapping up the victory with his third goal of the game. A floated cross from
Chigley seem to be uncatchable at the top of the table, until the mathematics say otherwise, we will chase them down.”
Le Pouffe was met in the air by Vasey
Whilst the Tillington boss Mick Sterbs
who headed home powerfully for his
was left to pour over the statistics that
have seen his side win just once in
Vasey then saw red for a reckless challenge on Juan Pablo Jones, as he
nine matches as the dangle over relegation spots.
cleared Vasey lunged in catching the
Whether Pearson‟s second stint will be
player; referee Tyrant had no choice
as successful as the first remains to be
but to send the striker off. Vasey
seen but he stated he is “relishing the
walked off the pitch dejectedly, to a
challenge of his second stint in
There was still time for Hamworth to
Ben Ainslie was the pick of the day as
get a fourth with Vasey‟s strike partner
he secured his fourth gold medal in the
Hans Anfeet getting on the score
last four Olympics. Meanwhile it was
sheet. The big German controlled the
Tennis woes once again for Andy
pass from Mike Hunt to lift a delicate
Murray as he was forced to settle for
lob over Grcnic sending Hamworth to a
silver after losing out to Rafael Nadal
Great Britain dominated events at the
The result left Hamworth manager Ruud Persson delighted “I am
London Olympics today getting six medals in Sailing, Cycling, Athletics,
Tennis and Diving. Unfortunately Great
There was joy for Britain in the
Britain failed to get medals in the
women‟s 400m final as Christine
men‟s 100m final as Usain bolt cruised
Ohuruogo came first winning a gold
to a second gold medal and a second
medal with a time of 49.71. She beat
off close competition from US
Ben Ainslie lead the way for Great Britain today winning his fourth gold in his last four Olympics, he continued his domination of the Olympics by coming 3rd in the Finn class 11th race and winning overall on 23 points. Paul Goodison is in good standing as he leads the Men‟s Laser after race 6 with a score of 34 points. Andy Murray went into the final against Nadal who took the lead winning the first two sets. Murray struck back brilliantly as he came back from two sets down. Before Nadal closed out the match for his first gold medal whilst Andy had to settle for silver.
competitor Sanya Richards who claimed second with a time of 49.83 and Yulia Gushchina for Russia who finished third with a time of 49.93.Meanwhile it was a good day in the marathon for Paula Radcliffe as she came third winning bronze for Britain with a time of 2:33:35. Great Britain dominated the cycling events at London as Chris Hoy led the way by winning the semi – final with Jason Kenny coming a close second both cyclists now go through to the final. Although in the women‟s sprint semi-finals Victoria Pendleton went through to the final top of the pack. In the men‟s individual time trial Steven
Usain Bolt made it two gold medals
Cummings came behind Alberto
and two world records in two Olympics
Contador and Gustav Larsson as he
as he repeated his running heroics
finished third with a time of 1:09.68.
from the Beijing Olympics and stormed to victory with a time of 9.58 seconds. Fellow countrymen Asafa Powell had to settle for a third place finish with a time of 9.89 as Frenchman Christophe Lemaitre finished second with a time of 9.73.