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Aiming for Quality

FEBRUARY 10, 2014 • 44 PAGES

VOLUME 16 NUMBER 8 • WWW.OZARKSFN.COM

Reggie Terry discusses the difference in hay quality from one year to the next

Better on Browse

Fred and Linda Schupbach experience many benefits from rotational grazing

Are You Prepared?

6 tips to help you prepare for your tax appointment

Basics for Beginners

FEBRUARY 10, 2014

Feed & Forage , Farm Finance Produc and Sale Isstion ue

4 financial strategies every young farmer should know

Serving More Than 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri

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rumor mill

Lawrence County 4-H Wins Beef Category: The Lawrence County 4-H Livestock Judging team came home with honors from the 2014 Western National Round-up Livestock Contest in Denver, Colo. Team members were Tori Armstrong, Hayden Fisher, Colton Spencer and Ty Whittaker. The team was the high team in beef division, fifth in oral reasons, sixth in swine and tenth in sheep.

The Ozarks Most Read Farm Newspaper

FEBRUARY 10, 2014

45th Monett Beef Conference: Liability insurance for farmers, hay feeding waste, beef cow herd expansion and how to improve the bottom line are all speaker topics planned for the 45th Annual Monett Beef Cattlemen’s Conference that begins at 3:30 p.m., on February 18 at the Monett National Guard Armory. For more information contact the Monett Chamber of Commerce at 417-235-7917 or University of Missouri Extension at 417-466-3102. Stone County Livestock and Forage Conference: The Stone County Livestock and Forage Conference will be held on Thursday, February 20, from 6 p.m. until 9 p.m., at the Crane First Baptist Church in Crane, Mo. This year’s program will discuss how to develop a forage program for the long-haul, options for cattle producers to either sell or not to sell calves at weaning and how to keep herd health under control. Preregistration is required by Feb. 17. For more information and to register call 417-357-6812. Missouri Dairy Profit Seminars: Finding the next five pounds of milk, cow comfort and cooling, insuring against drought, bovine healthcare and the economics of successful heifer feeding approaches are among the topics to be discussed during the Missouri Dairy Profit Seminars at five locations around the state on February 24-28, 2014. Registration to attend the seminar is $20 per person payable at each location, however lunch reservations are needed. The five locations are Sedalia, Springfield, Mountain Grove, Jackson and Union. For more information visit ozarksfn.com or contact the local Extension Center in each of the listed towns. Annie’s Project: A series of farm management courses designed just for women, known as Annie’s Project, will be offered at the University of Missouri Extension Center in Greene County starting March 3, 2014, at the SpringfieldGreene County Botanical Center. The Annie’s Project course includes six evening classes, each on Mondays. To register contact the Greene County Extension Center at 417-881-8909.

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VOL. 16, NO. 8

JUST A THOUGHT 3 Jerry Crownover – Calving chaos 4 Lynzee Glass – Thankful for farmers 6 Letter to the Editor MEET YOUR NEIGHBORS Fred and Linda Schupbach know that 7 better pastures means better livestock Scott Foster finds ways to cut labor and 8 expenses during winter months After attending grazing school Craig Reisner customized his grazing system Delmar Davis shares his craft 12 with the Ozarks Eye on Agribusiness features 14 Whitehead Farm Supply Terry embraces the challenges 15 Reggie of winter feeding and calving David Lawson offers advice for 17 sprigging bermudagrass and Country features 18 Town Dr. Donn Russell in Agriculture spotlights 28 Youth Teresa Peterson

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FARM FINANCE Are you asking the right questions 19 about your finances? 20 Is your estate plan in place? 21 Make your 2013 taxes less of a hassle with these tips Finding the right opportunities to grow 24 your operation

Prevent being questioned as a hobby farm by following the nine-factor test

25

FARM HELP Considering a new grazing system? 33 Check out creep grazing 34 Eliminate the need to till soils with the

Drennan Honored as AgriBusiness Leader of the Year: The St. Louis AgriBusiness Club awarded Dave Drennan the Agribusiness Leader of the Year Award. Dave has made significant contributions to the promotion, development, improvement, and wellbeing of the agriculture industry. Scan Me Or Visit ozarksfn.com

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17 Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

use of cover crops Forages: Know what to plant, 36 Missouri when to plant it and how 38 A look at common seeding mistakes FEBRUARY 10, 2014


just a

thought

What’s On Your Mind, Ozarks?

Life Is Simple

D

Saturday, March 8, 2014 • Noon at the Farm - Billings, Mo. Lunch Provided Selling: 30 Bulls • 30 Females Featuring Herd Bull Prospects Cows/Calves/Heifers

e f i L elpmiS si

By Jerry Crownover

o you have a busy day planned, Mr. Crownover?” theyrlady revoasked nworC reJ yB at the desk, as I prepared to leave the doctor’s office. Jerry Crownover farms “I don’t know, yet,” I replied. in Lawrence County. He The lady looked confused while I explained is a former professor of that I was a cattleman and calving season had Agriculture Education at started. “I never know how busy the day will be Missouri State University, until the day and night are over.” It was obvious and is an author and that she wasn’t a farmer, because she was still professional speaker. just as confused. To contact Jerry, go to I had been the first patient that morning and ozarksfn.com and click I was hoping to be back at the farm to begin on ‘Contact Us.’ feeding and checking cows by 9:00 a.m. It had been one of those single-digit, frigid nights and I feared that there would be problems. My first stop was at the pasture where I keep all the expectant, first-calf heifers. The first one had calved two days earlier and I suspected that several more would soon follow. As soon as I entered the gate, my suspicions were validated, when I saw a new mother licking her new baby. As I drove toward the pair for closer inspection, something caught my eye as I passed the pond. There, on the frozen pond, was the two-day old calf lying on the ice with all four legs spraddled out. He was alive, but he wouldn’t be for long at those temperatures. Knowing the depth of the pond, I carefully walked on it to drag the calf to shore. His little belly had melted through the ice and he was soaked and shivering. I put him in the cab of the truck and turned both the heat and fan to high. His distraught mother circled the truck for the entire 40 minutes it took for the calf to dry and cease his trembling. I then unloaded him from the truck and reunited him with his concerned momma. As I unrolled a bale of hay before leaving that farm, I saw another heifer that was off by herself. I made “

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Toll Free: 1-866-532-1960

417-532-1960 • Fax: 417-532-4721 E-mail: Member: editor@ozarksfn.com

Sandra Coffman President

Administrative Eric Tietze, Vice-President Operations Kathy Myers, Marketing Manager Sandra Coffman, Accounting Advertising Kathy Myers, Display & Production Sales Melissa Fuller, Classified Sales Circulation Stan Coffman, Circulation Editorial Lynzee Glass, Managing Editor Jerry Crownover, Columnist Frank Farmer, Editorial Page Editor Emeritus Production Melissa Fuller, Production Contributors Jessica Bailey, Dr. Mike Bloss, DVM, Pete Bradshaw, Brenda Brinkley, Klaire Bruce, Gary Digiuseppe, Tera Dover, Myron Hartzell, Cheryl Kepes, Larry King, Garry McClure, Terry Ropp, Laura L. Valenti, Lois Krizan Waters, Bill Watson, Adam Wolfe

About the Cover Reggie Terry focuses on hay production and hay storage to provide high-quality forage for his cattle. Read more on page 15. Photo by Brenda Brinkley

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor accepts story suggestions from readers. Story information appears as gathered from interviewees. Ozarks Farm & Neighbor assumes no responsibility for the credibility of statements made by interviewees. © Copyright Ozarks Farm & Neighbor, Inc., 2014. All rights reserved. Printed in USA.

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— Continued on Page 5

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IS ONLY 38 DAYS AWAY!!

just a thought

Keepin’ it Country By Lynzee Glass

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February 2014

S M T W T F S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Josh Ford 839-3610

Tonto Kissee 838-4638

9 10 11 12 13 14 15

— Continued on Next Page

16 17 18 19 20 21 22

side dishes

23 24 25 26 27 28

Special Dairy Sale Tuesday • February 25

Holstein Special & Regular Steer Sale Wednesday • February 26

Special Cow Sale Saturday • March 1st

Kelly Crain

March 2014 S M T W T F S 1

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9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

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2 3 4 5 6 7 8

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issouri Farm Bureau recently celebrated Thank A Farmer Week. Many people across the state saluted farmers that week Lynzee Glass graduated and joined Missouri Farm Bufrom Missouri State reau in collecting food for Ronald McDonald University with a House Charities across the state. In light of degree in Agricultural Thank A Farmer Week, I just want to take a Communications in 2008. moment to thank all of the farmers who read our She grew up on a family paper. Not only do you provide food, shelter and farm in Dallas County, Mo. fuel to the world but without you Ozarks Farm To contact Lynzee call & Neighbor wouldn’t exist. Farmers not only 1-866-532-1960 or email read our paper but purchase from our advertisers editor@ozarksfn.com. or even advertise with us themselves. OFN strives to show our appreciation for farmers all year long. Our paper is dedicated to you. It is our pleasure to share the stories of Ozarks farmers and discuss topics that will assist farmers out in the field. I am grateful to have the opportunity to travel across the Ozarks meeting different farmers. I am humbled that they take time from their busy schedules to open up their farms and lives with our readers. As spring approaches now is the time to start thinking about your summer and fall grazing systems, which is exactly what this issue is dedicated to. The Feed and Forage Issue features farmers with unique forage systems, along with advice on planting common forages, implementing a new grazing system and tips for improving your soils through the use of cover crops.

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

Preheat oven to 350°. Bake pecans in a single layer in a shallow pan or skillet for 5-7 mins. or until lightly toasted stirring halfway through. Prepare pasta according to package directions for al dente. Cut broccoli florets from stems into small pieces. Peel away tough outer layer of stems, and break florets into smaller pieces. Whisk together next 5 ingredients in a large bowl; add broccoli, hot cooked pasta and grapes and stir to coat. Cover and chill at least 3 hours. Stir in bacon and pecans into salad just before serving. FEBRUARY 10, 2014


just a thought

Store Hours: M_F 7:30 a.m.-6 p.m. Sat. 7:30 a.m.-5 p.m. Sun. 10 a.m.-3 p.m.

Keepin’ it Country Continued from Previous Page

Springfield, MO

Don’t overlook the Spring Farm Finance Section in the middle of this issue. We’ve featured great advice from tax advisors, lenders and credit analysts on everything from preparing your taxes to asking the right questions when selecting a bank. As I sit here and write this column snow is coming down so, it’s hard to be-

lieve that we are already featuring spring stories and thinking about summer grazing. Warm weather will be here before we know it. Stay warm and be careful out there. Best wishes,

Life Is Simple

The rest of the day was spent like most days this winter – unrolling hay and chopping ice and I eventually made it back to the farm with the heifers and found the one that had been acting funny. She had a new baby, but there was another heifer that was trying to claim the calf and was causing quite a stir. For a few minutes I couldn’t figure out why another heifer was trying to claim the calf until I saw her strain. She was in the early stages of labor and her hormones told her to “lick a calf.” I drove her to the barn and called my wife for backup. By dark, Judy and I had helped the heifer successfully deliver her first baby and the young bovine was content to have her very own calf to lick. By the time I bedded down the cow and new calf, checked some more cows that were close to calving, and cleaned the calfpulling equipment, supper was later than normal. And… the receptionist’s question from earlier in the morning had been answered.

Continued from Page 3 a mental note to return after feeding at the other pastures. While feeding at the second farm, I noticed an older cow that had calved three days earlier staying by the corral, while all the other cows ran to my truck for fresh hay. After unrolling the bale, I drove to the older cow to see if there was a problem. There was. Her young calf had somehow been able to slide under the bottom rung of the corral and was now separated from the warmth and nourishment he needed from his now inaccessible mother. With all the latches on the corral frozen from a light freezing mist that morning, I had to climb over the iceincrusted corral. Naturally, I slipped and fell, simultaneously bruising both my ego and my tailbone. Once I was able to get to my feet, I caught the calf and wrestled him back under the corral to a reunion with another appreciative mother.

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just a thought

Letter to the Editor By Carol Tuckerness

Dear Editor, I enjoyed the story about your horse. I know how much they are a part of the family. I wanted to share this with you. She was a great one and one of the family. Delilah was truly an extraordinary animal. She was certainly more than a horse; she was part of the family. We acquired her after she retired from being a trail horse. All the neighborhood children would come to ride her. In fact, she had regular neighbors that fed her carrots and apples. We quickly found out she was very intelligent as well. Her skills included the ability to open gates and doors, which made us get creative on our latching systems. And Delilah wasn’t shy about letting us know when she was hungry. She would pick her feed can up and bump us when she wanted to eat. She was also pretty smart with the other horses. In the corral area, we keep an electric fence up. She quickly learned to “manipulate” the other horses to test the fence. This could be by pushing them into the fence or coaxing them. Later, she learned to actually put her face up to the fence to listen for a hum. This creative thinking also carried over into riding. In her later days, when she was tired of being ridden or just didn’t want to mess with it, she would actually fake a limp. We were concerned about her limp until the first time we saw her sprint across the field limp free after the saddle was taken off. Besides being an exceptional part of our family, she provided us with a beautiful baby horse. In fact, she had twins but one of them died at birth. Her living colt, Sassafras, carried that same creative spirit. Delilah passed a few years ago at the age of 33. We still have horses today, but none have been so special as Delilah. Carol Tuckerness Willard, MO Editor’s Note: Ozarks Farm & Neighbor welcomes all signed letters to the editor. Letters to the editor are published on a space available basis. You can mail your Letters to the Editor to: PO Box 1319, Lebanon, MO 65536, fax them to 417-532-4721 or e-mail them to editor@ozarksfn.com.

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FEBRUARY 10, 2014


meet your

neighbors

Better on Browse By Klaire Bruce

Fred and Linda Schupbach implement rotational grazing practices to raise their Dorper

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Ask Fred and Linda Schupbach cooperate, Fred likes of Ozark, Mo., what they think to stockpile fescue to of their Dorper cross sheep and graze the sheep on in they’ll tell you that Dorpers make better the wintertime. The mothers, sell at a better price and have flock also receives salt minimal birth problems. Six years ago, and mineral blocks, as Fred and Linda began their journey with well as molasses lick meat sheep as a bit of an experiment; to- tubs when needed. If day, what started out as a group of nine stockpiled fescue is sheep has grown into a healthy flock of not available in the 140 head that Fred and Linda are very colder months, Fred proud of. “We really like the sheep,” feeds good quality alLinda said. The sheep flock shares the falfa hay, and some Schupbach’s Lone Pine Ranch with 40 corn for extra warmth. Fred and Linda have head of Boer goats, three cows, four Missome souri Foxtrotters and one pony, a flock of experienced guineas, two guard dogs and two female tremendous benefits Border Collies, Kempee and Cricket, from their rotational grazing pracwho are trained to herd the sheep. The high-quality carcass of the Dorper tices – the grass is what initially drew Fred and Linda to in the pastures Fred and Linda Schupbach the breed. They noticed that fat lamb comes back faster select the South African Photo by Klaire Bruce prices were quite a bit higher than the with more volsheep breed for their a resistance to a parprice for goats, so they purchased their ume, Fred noted. carcass quality and ability ticular drench – cycling first nine sheep – and they have had There are also to develop on browse. through about four diflower numbers of great success. ferent types of drenchThe Dorper sheep at Lone Pine Ranch parasites in pases keeps the animals have a rotational grazing feeding pro- tures that have been managed this way. gram. Fred and Linda have 11 pastures And better pastures mean better live- healthy. Once a year, Fred also vaccithat the sheep are cycled through on a stock; the sheep gain weight faster, are nates his lambs for blackleg and tetanus. seven-day basis. The pastures are easily easier to handle, and have fewer parasite He likes to manage his breeding calenaccessible by tractor are seeded with clo- problems. When it comes time to move dar for the flock so that the lambs are ver, and the other items on the forage the sheep to fresh pasture, Linda said ready for market in February. The sheep buffet for the sheep are fescue and native all they have to do is open up the gate. are marketed through the Buffalo Live“They more or less move themselves,” stock Market in Buffalo, Mo. grasses like Indiangrass, Big Fred and Linda enjoy every minute she laughed. Bluestem and Little BlueThe sheep at Lone Pine Ranch spent working with their sheep. What stem, as well as acorns, mulare drenched twice a year for started out as only nine sheep has turned tiflora rose and other brush. parasites, and treated once a into a worthwhile endeavor for the Sch“I think that meat sheep have year for ticks. Fred empha- upbaches, and they plan to continue the the ability to do better on sizes the importance of ro- adventure on into the future. browse than wool sheep,” Fred Ozark, Mo. tating drenches to avoid said. As often as possible and developing parasites with when the growing conditions FEBRUARY 10, 2014

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meet your neighbors

A Farm Prepared for Success By Lois Krizan Waters

Circle F Farms devotes a lot of attention to maintaining good forage and raising young cows that are top producers Willow Springs, Mo., is home to Scott and Audrey Foster. Their families have lived here for several generations. Scott and Audrey were high school sweethearts and both graduated from the College of the Ozarks in Branson, Mo. Audrey teaches second grade

ther, Steve, is a retired businessman as well as a farmer. He advised Scott to choose a vocation in life that he enjoyed doing and not be afraid to take a calculated risk. When Scott decided on cattle ranching Steve was behind him 100 percent, not only with encouraging

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8

Pictured L to R: Audrey, Avery and Scott Foster Photo by Lois Krizan Waters

at Willow Springs, Scott has an Ag- words and advice, but physically helping business degree and operates Circle F load cattle, driving tractors – whatever, Farms, L.L.C. This company buys, sells, he was there. Scott said, “It meant a lot trades and services used farm equipment knowing my dad was behind me.” Scott locally as well as over the Internet. In and Audrey will no doubt extend the addition to the above, they own/lease same family values to their children. The Fosters recently purchased 200 acres several farms and run over 200 cow-calf pairs. Scott and Audrey have a daughter, and intend to make it their headquarters for Circle F Farms. They have put in Avery who is two and a half new fencing and cross-fencing using all years old and are looking steel posts and even steel pipe corner forward to another daughposts and braces. Scott explained, ter in March. “You might as well build it to “Getting started in the catlast a lifetime and not have to tle business is not easy,” Scott said, “I could not have done Willow Springs, Mo. worry where your cows are.” The corrals, holding pens and it without the support of my loading facilities are also all family.” Scott said that his fa-

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

FEBRUARY 10, 2014


meet your neighbors Secret to Circle F Farms’ Success

steel with custom iron taken to market. All gates and situated so are sold as feeders at Scott can load cattle by Salem Livestock Auchimself if necessary. tion, in Salem, Mo., Land must be fenced when they have their to provide a safe envi- – Strong family special pre-vac sales. ronment for cattle. The Scott said, “We sell in support system condition of the soil – Proper soil management lots of 30 to 50 head must also be considthat are pretty much ered if they are to flour- – Limit hay usage to cut all the same size and down on labor & ish on grass. Scott does weight. Since we have expenses use several varieties of started yellow calves – Sell quality calves nutrient enhancement (Charolais cross), they for top dollar which includes lime weigh about 50 pounds as necessary according – Crossbreed for more per calf. That readded growth to soil tests, fertilizer ally adds up when you and even chicken lit- – Cull unproductive cows have over 100 head.” ter on occasion. Their When asked about farms are primarily fesculling, Scott replied, cue based, however, they do have some “Mostly we watch for production and Bermudagrass which makes good pasture signs of aging. Cows get old fast and and hay. don’t breed back as they should, lose The Circle F herd consists of Red and weight, and slow down on milk producBlack Angus cows using Charolais bulls tion and hardiness.” They try to keep a for cross-breeding. Bulls are put with the young productive herd. cows December 1st of each year and left “Grain is hand fed just to encourage for three months. Scott explained, “We the cows to come when needed to get in have at least 70 percent of our calves in corrals or change pastures. It makes them the fall because we have around 1,000 more gentle and manageable.” Scott acres of leased land with good winter made it very clear that in order to make a pasture. We feed almost no hay and our profit on cattle and farming you have to cows and calves do well on grass. This be constantly aware of cost of production cuts down on labor and expense during and eliminate waste. It is a business. the winter months.” Scott further stated The Fosters have hay ground on their that he prefers cows that weigh 1,100 to farms and cut some from leased land. 1,200 pounds and milk well instead of They have hay equipment and cut their the larger framed cows that eat more. own hay, and even do some custom hay Cows are preg checked after 90 to 120 baling for others in the community. days and those that are not pregnant are When you drive on Circle F Farms sold. Replacement cows are purchased, with this young couple, you see signs of when necessary, that are 2 and 3 years improvement and good management. old from whatever source seems to be Fence rows are clean with new fencthe best buy at the time. Sometimes this ing. Cattle are thrifty, calm and in good is local livestock dispersals and other flesh, and calves are well fed and show times out of state purchases. Scott said signs of growth. The Fosters are using he doesn’t care where they come from as the experience of farming from previlong as they are very hardy, breed back ous generations along with innovations quickly and make good mothers. This is of today’s world to operate a cattle busigood business sense because he doesn’t ness that utilizes what they have availhave to keep them for two years before able, which is good forage, young cows they start producing. that are top producers and facilities that Scott doesn’t keep any heifers from his have a feeling of permanence. You are herd – not because they are not good assured that the future of farming is in stock – but rather, because they are qual- the capable hands of this generation of ity calves and will bring top dollar when Ozark natives. FEBRUARY 10, 2014

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Serving More Than 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri

9


SEMEN • CIDR’s • TANKS SUPPLIES • AI SCHOOLS

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For more information, contact: John Macek: 903-348-2138 Brian Whisnand: 214-762-8541 Jeff Earles: 580-220-8160

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meet your neighbors

The Tools for Tasty Beef

By Lynzee Glass

As the Reisner Ranch expands, the goal of producing all-natural meat is unchanged Education, grazing systems and records are important tools on Reisner Ranch in Rolla, Mo., owned and operated by Craig and Susan Reisner and their two children Renee and Keith. “Our operation became an educational tool as we began educating our customers on the meat they were purchasing. I had to become educated myself because I was answering questions from my customers,” said Craig. Craig and Susan both grew up in St. Using the EQIP program Louis, Mo., where Craig Reisner was able most of their custo custom fit his grazing tomer base is today. program for his specific When they got the needs. opportunity to rePhoto by Lynzee Glass locate to Rolla for the product affordable for our customCraig’s job the couers,” said Craig. ple was excited to get out of the city. In the beginning the Reisner sold their The couple started out by raising Paint/Quarter Horse cross horses and meat at the farmers market in St. Louis began building up a mare herd until the but has since focused on selling directly market headed south. So, they bought a from the farm through their website, Facebook and word-of-mouth. couple steers. “When we first started out we would “We wanted lean meat but yet wanted to have some marbling by feeding grain,” spend 8 hours delivering beef. Everything kind of evolved to where we can said Craig. sell by the cut,” added Craig. The Reisners started buyAs the economic collapse hit the ing steers at weaning and Reisners saw that their customfeeding them out to a target ers didn’t have the money to weight of 1,100 pounds. The buy hanging weight at $3 a steers are butchered at 15-18 pound so they started tailormonths old at Forrest Meat Rolla, Mo. ing their operation. “We are Processing in Norwood, Mo. still raising and selling beef “I found that 1,100 pounds is a but now we have a cow/calf good live weight that still keeps

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

FEBRUARY 10, 2014


meet your neighbors operation so we can raise our own steers instead of buying them at weaning,” reasoned Craig. “We are heading towards a heifer development program. We will raise our heifers by the Show-Me-Select standards. If the heifers don’t meet the standards then they can go to the butcher side of our operation,” continued Craig. In order to expand the Reisners have purchased additional land and have utilized a rotational grazing system. “We attended grazing school in 2004 to qualify for EQIP. We designed our grazing system based on our original 92 acres. It’s a learning experience. No one system works for every farm,” said Craig. Craig continued, “That summer we ran 2,100 feet of water lines and installed three waterers and three hydrants. The frost-free hydrants are unique to our system. This allows me to use paddocks side-by-side and have two different water sources. The hydrants have made it handy for running hose to stock tanks. “Currently, we have seven paddocks that are in full use and are completely fenced off. On the new farm we will have six or seven paddocks. We are working with the NRCS to determine how to layout the grazing system and what to plant and how to manage for livestock and wildlife,” explained Craig. The Reisners move their cattle every 5-10 days as needed giving each pasture a 30-day break. They also have two warm-season pastures of Indiangrass and Switchgrass for summer grazing. After rotating Craig will drag each pasture. When it comes to finishing out the steers the Reisners work with MFA to create a custom mix that is all natural with no hormones or steroids. They feed a 12-14 percent protein mix for 90 days. One final detail of the Reisner Ranch is keeping efficient records. Craig records birth weight, weaning weight, finish weight, carcass weight, grain consumption and grain to weight conversion ratio. “We want our cut out percentage to be 60 percent or better. Anything under doesn’t meet our standards. By keeping efficient records I am able to look back and see how well I did finishing each animal,” concluded Craig.

FEBRUARY 10, 2014

Serving More Than 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri

11


ozarks

roots

the people, places and traditions that make the ozarks home

A Woven Legacy By Laura L. Valenti

Basket King Delmar Davis preserves the art of handwoven baskets, a craft he picked up half a century ago At nearly 88 years of age, long time Camden County business owner, Delmar Davis has many memories to share and he is more than willing to do so. The owner of Davis Baskets on Highway 54 between Camdenton and Macks Creek, Mo., for more than half a century, Delmar, like many other Ozark residents of an earlier time was a craftsman who learned to be a salesman and a marketing expert, skills he still practices on a daily basis. He cast his arm in a broad arc, taking in the store before him, that includes baskets of all description, a wide array of enamel ware, pottery, miniatures as well as old-fashioned toys, books and a variety of other items from a by-gone era. “When I first started this place in the early 1950s, everything we sold was made right here in this county. Hunger was, of course, the reason I got into basket-making. I had just come back from the end of World War II and I needed to make a living. I bought the 467 acres here in 1945 while home on leave and traveling through the area. I paid $2.84 an acre for a total of $2,000 cash and my parents came to live here until I came home in 1948. I was refinishing old furniture and an old man who was a basket maker asked me, why not try basket making? “Now, a basket maker is an artist. He or she is not someone who works for you as an employee but rather someone who

12

works with you. I had about 50 people working with me at the height of this operation and while I was one of the weavers in the beginning, I was really the one who could make things go. Somebody has to sell the baskets and that was me. I learned pretty quick that it was a good thing when I saw a (basket) weaver buy a new truck or a new dining room set because it meant he would be making a lot more baskets soon – to pay those bills,” Delmar finished with a big laugh. “I standardized everything over the years as I saw that some things sell better than others. For instance, the square potluck basket, as I call it, has always been one of our most popular. It was used to take a pie or a casserole to a potluck dinner. Today, people like bread baskets and smaller table baskets. We still have the handmade white oak baskets as well as imported baskets made of cornhusks, hyacinth, all kinds of materials. They still sell as do all the items in here. I couldn’t have run this business without all the other stuff and all of it still sells. If it doesn’t, I don’t keep it. You have to adapt to the economic climate of the country to survive in business.” In addition to his business experience, Delmar relishes his time spent in the U.S. Merchant Marine where he was a radio officer using Morse code. While reminiscing, he brought out a telegraph key and demonstrated another ‘lost art,’ this one of sending important information, long before anyone ever dreamed of the Internet or Facebook. “My father’s family is from Wales and all of them were born there, except my father, the

Photos by Laura L. Valenti

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

FEBRUARY 10, 2014


ozarks

roots

baby of the family. The Welsh song and Morse code is really a rhythm of eighth and quarter notes. I still love it even if no one uses it anymore. Every ship that went to sea was required to have a radio officer and they had ships that were not going out in World War II because of a shortage of radio officers. I got turned down by the Air Corps and the Navy because I couldn’t pass the eye test, even though I memorized the eye chart at one point,” he chuckled again. “I managed to get by with it with the Navy but then walked into a broom closet instead of out the exit so they figured me out. The Merchant Marine took me when I volunteered to become a radio officer. As a

For More Info Location: 13174 Hwy. 54, Macks Creek, Mo. Phone: 573-346-2102 Hours: Mon.-Sat. 10 a.m.5 p.m. Website: Find us on Facebook

result, I made 14 Atlantic crossings and saw France, Spain, Iceland, Greece, the Netherlands, so many places.” The look of serenity that graced his countenance spoke of many a fond memory. “At one time, there were dozens of weavers across Missouri and Arkansas but today I only know of two who are left. No one really makes a living at any handicraft anymore. You can’t raise a family on that kind of income today.” Delmar concluded with a smile. “I’m a dinosaur, an antique and I know it. I don’t know of any store like this anymore, an old-fashioned souvenir stand. Baskets have been the one thing that has lasted from the beginning to the end. I’ve lived a much fuller life than most people and I know I’m not going to be here too much longer but I have enjoyed it all so much.”

FEBRUARY 10, 2014

Serving More Than 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri

13


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Whitehead Farm Supply Owners: Fred and Terri Whitehead Location: LaRussell, Mo. History: Whitehead Farm Supply started in 1963 by Fred’s father after LaRussell, Mo., lost its local feed store to a fire. Like many of the farmers in the area he became frustrated with travelling as far as Springfield, Mo., to get needed feeds and supplies and built a new feed mill and farm supply store. Around 1976 his dad made him a proposition. He said, “My father came up to me one day and said he’d kind of like to slow down. We were interested in doing something different from what we were doing so we bought it.” The original feed mill is still the core of operations on Main Street in LaRussell’s downtown, but Fred and Terri have upgraded it with more warehouse space, adding an additional truck scale, and other upgrades that allow the family business to keep pace with today’s demands Products: Fred and Terri offer a vast array of prepackaged feeds and supplements filling the nutritional needs for chickens to cattle and pretty much everything in between. Feed can also be brought direct to the customer’s farm in bulk. They are also quite proud that the business still offers custom grind and mix of feeds. Aside from regular feed supplies, the Whiteheads provide some of the basics in farm supply ranging from hardware to medication. The Whiteheads also offer gasoline and diesel more as an added customer service. Prices for their products are displayed right in the store on a large wall display just above their mid-20th century Coca Cola machine. “There are times when someone comes in for a particular product and if we don’t have it we make an extra effort to get it,” said Fred. The Business: Being an owner-operated business since its start in the 1960s Whitehead Farm Supply continues to operate with the concept of being a good businessman really means being a good neighbor. “We try to do what we say we’re going to do. It kind of goes along with something we’ve had on our bulletin board for a long time that says, ‘We will operate with integrity even when nobody is watching,’” explained Fred proudly. Photo and Story By Pete Bradshaw

www.MarathonMetal.com sales@MarathonMetal.com

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Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

FEBRUARY 10, 2014


meet your neighbors

Aiming for Quality By Brenda Brinkley

Reggie Terry learns first hand that more hay doesn’t necessarily mean better quality Reggie Terry has lived on a farm all his life. His dad was a dairy farmer, but Reggie didn’t go into that. Around 1984, he started buying and raising bottle calves. He came across some crossbred heifers and decided to start a beef cow herd. He owns 70 acres of the farm where he grew up, and in 1996 he and his wife, Rachel, purchased a 40-acre farm about four miles from it in Webster County near Niangua, Mo. He rents another 100 acres near his home. Reggie called his farm, “a hobby farm that’s about got out of control.” He has a cow/ calf operation. Currently he has 22 cows, eight heifers, three bulls and 14 calves. His cattle are mostly Angus and Angus cross. Reggie stated, Photo by Brenda Brinkley “When I started out, I had five little crossbred heifers; bottle calves. He added, “I’ve got one field that has I think two or three of them were Lim- that wild lespedeza stuff in it and it’s just ousin/Holstein cross and the others were getting thicker and thicker. The cattle Hereford/Holstein cross. They were all are getting to where they won’t hardly eat black, so I just stayed with black.” it. It’s real tall and looks pretty; nice and Reggie grows his own mixed grass green. But they say it has no nutrition to hay and said 99 percent of the time he it, and cows don’t like it very well either.” has enough to carry his herd through Because of the previous drought, many the winter. farmers baled everything they could last In 2012 we had the drought but 2013 summer. Some may have hay to carry brought plenty of rain and farmers baled over to next winter. When it comes to lots of hay. However, Reggie the loss of nutritional value, Reggie stated, “The wet year was said, “I’ve always been told that it worse quality. I had more loses 90 percent of what it’s going hay, but less quality.” He beto lose the first year. That was lieves too much rain has a negback with square bales. They ative impact on the nutritional always said that once you put value of the hay. “I think it just them in the barn, the first Niangua, Mo. grows too fast and you get more — Continued on Next Page stem than you do anything.” FEBRUARY 10, 2014

Serving More Than 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri

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year they’re going to lose 90 percent. stead of selling them for a high price and The hay will be the same after the first buying cows ready to calve. Reggie told year as it will be five years later. Wheth- him, “This way I know what I’ve got. er that’s right, I’m not sure.” Every cow I have was born on our farm.” Reggie doesn’t really have to worry beHe didn’t buy any bottle calves last year, cause he carries very little over from one but said, “I may try to buy some in March year to the next. because I like messing When it comes to with them.” netwrapping the hay He prefers to buy Reggie stated, “I’d say calves in cold weather. it saves a little bit of Reggie said, “You don’t Those little Black hay, but I don’t see that have to deal with the it’s that big of a bene- Angus calves, if flies and I think they do fit.” Whether or not his they get up and better in cold weather hay is wrapped depends suck momma, I than they do hot.” on who he has bale it. Reggie commented, “I don’t think it gets While it might save a usually have better luck little hay, Reggie said, cold enough to hurt selling Holstein steers “It’s a pain to get it off them. at about 400 pounds.” when there’s ice on. It His biggest concern freezes to it and you with cattle in winter - Reggie Terry can’t cut it. You can’t is calving. He said, get it pulled loose. Whatever hay is fro- “Most of my calving is in November and zen there sticks to the netwrap. It’ll tear then February and March. Those little two or three inches of hay with it when Black Angus calves, if they get up and it comes off, when it’s frozen.” suck momma, I don’t think it gets cold As far as supplements, Reggie keeps enough to hurt them. They’ll be out mineral tubs out for the cattle year running, bucking and kicking in zero round. He said, “I don’t grain them very just like it’s a sunny day and 80.” often. Once a week I’ll give them some The goal Reggie has for his farm is “to just so they’ll come up and I can work have 30 momma cows.” He said, “With them if I need to. If I have one that the cows I have now and the heifers I won’t come up and won’t go in the cor- have coming on, that’ll put me at 30. I’ll ral, she goes to town.” just kind of see how that works out; if I Temperament of cattle is very impor- have enough land to run that many.” tant to Reggie. A friend asked why he raised all his heifers and kept them in-

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Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

660-476-5598 FEBRUARY 10, 2014


Growing a New Business

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meet your neighbors

MEAD FARMS Performance-Tested BULL SALE

Noon • Saturday • March 1, 2014 Held at the Mead Farm Sale Headquarters in Versailles, MO

130 Bulls Sell! 110 Angus Bulls with Select Hereford, Red Angus and Charolais

By Terry Ropp

David Lawson has developed a carefully managed annual schedule that maximizes land and time usage Most agree that starting a new farm is a cost prohibitive challenge. David and Rachelle Lawson of Southwest City, Mo., found a path that worked for them, a path that led to a productive full-time farming operation. Neither David nor Rachelle was raised “Even though planting sprigs was more expensive than seeding, the results were even more than I hoped for, and the square bales provide a big part of our income.” – David Lawson

for over 100 years and used for crops until the 1970s when it became open pasture. One thing that David learned about himself during his tenure as manager was that he loved the forage side of the business. Growing grass, spraying for weeds and fertilizing always filled him with a

Mead Confidence M069 CED +12, BW -.7, WW +56, YW +101, Milk +27, $W +51, $B +55 An outstanding set of calving ease bulls with added growth will sell including this son of Connealy Confidence 0100 from a dam sired by SAV Final Answer 0035. CED +12, BW -.2, WW +59, YW +102, Milk +27, $W +45, $B +64 An impressive SAV Final Answer 0035 son who sells along with many more offering the same quality and pedigree superiority.

Pictured L to R: David, Derek and Rachelle Lawson Photo by Terry Ropp

on a farm but David lived in the country deep sense of accomplishment. During and had a grandfather who truck farmed. the managing and land accumulation Knowing he wanted to farm but lacking years, David and Rachelle always raised practical experience, David decided to cattle. David said, “The day I finally dego to college for only one year and to cided to do for myself what I had done for others was one of the best of my life.” take only ag classes. In order to move successfully from beThe couple’s path began with David quickly working his way up to manager ing employed to being self-employed, David developed a carefully integrated at the extensive and well annual system that maximizes both known Neosho Farms land and time usage. The system where he worked for 26 requires winter calving. That years while he and Rachelle way March through November accumulated land, 60 acres 1 are dominated by commerhere or 80 acres there. They now own 300 acres and lease Southwest City, Mo. cial spraying and fertilizing another 200. The largest piece was owned by the same family — Continued on Page 27 FEBRUARY 10, 2014

Mead Final Answer M154 CED -.4, BW +4.1, WW +68, YW +118, MB +.10, REA +.90 A tremendous set of Hereford bulls sell including this high growth and powerful son of Trust from a high maternal Logic daughter.

Mead Trust M455

Call to request a sale catalog or view the catalog and video footage at www.meadfarms.com 21658 Quarry Lane, Barnett, MO 65011 Office: 573-302-7011 • Fax: 573-348-8325 MANAGER: David Innes, 573-280-6855 E-mail: meadangus@yahoo.com Website: www.meadfarms.com Alan Mead, Owner 573-216-0210

Video footage on all bulls available at www.meadfarms.com

Serving More Than 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri

17


100th Consignment

town &

Spring Production Sale

country

in the field and in the office

Saturday, March 8, 2014 • 12:30 p.m. Ozark Regional Stockyards West Plains, MO

Selling 118 Lots: 61 Bulls • 57 Females

Cantrell Creek Answer C368

Checkerhill Heather Bloom 301

Stout heifer bull by SAV Final Answer with over a +100 YW EPD.

A tremendous January show heifer prospect by SAV Iron Mountain.

DHT Blackbird 5050 Lad 631

Shaverside Consensus 129A

Show-Me-Select heifer bull by Calving ease bull, this Consensus GAR New Design 5050, top 1% for 7229 bull places in the top 2% for RE, $G and $B, over a +113 $B. Marb and 5% for $B. Heart of the Ozarks Angus Association President, Sheldon Shaver 417-259-2442 Visit our website: heartoftheozarksangus.com For additional information or to request a sale book contact: Missouri Angus Association • Josh Worthington, General Manager Office: 417-995-3000 • Mobile: 417-844-2601 E-mail: worthington@ missouriangus.org

Dr. Donn Russell In Town: Dr. Donn Russell is a faculty member of many talents at College of the Ozarks in Point Lookout, Mo. Originally from Minnesota, Donn has worked at the college for 14 years, and says that his Ozarks accent is improving. He received his doctorate in Agriculture Education from Iowa State, and taught classes there before coming to teach at College of the Ozarks. Donn teaches all of the Agriculture Business Management courses, Shop Technology and Equine Science classes, and he is also the lead instructor and advisor for the Agriculture Education Program. His accomplishments at College of the Ozarks include more than just teaching – Donn established the collegiate FFA club on campus and is now the advisor for the FFA group, as well as for the Ag Ed Club and the Missions Club, a club for students who are interested in using their education degrees in the mission field. Donn also manages the 2,500-student FFA workshop that the college holds annually the first weekend in March. In the Country: Off campus, Donn manages a herd of five horses at his home in Branson, Mo., three of which are Missouri Foxtrotters. He enjoys the therapeutic effect that horses have to offer. A horseman for most of his life, Donn participates in trail and pleasure riding, and driving single horse rigs. The horses in his care have a pasture-based diet – he implements a rotational grazing program and deworms three times a year, rotating the dewormers as well. Over the years, Donn has also taken a great interest in assisting his fellow agriculture professionals with farm management. “I have always been very involved in helping farmers with farm management problems,” he said. He has co-authored a book titled ‘Entrepreneurship’ on this subject, and also co-wrote a digital farm accounting program called ‘Dollarwise.’ In his spare time, Donn enjoys boating, skiing, softball and traveling. Advice To Students: “They have to figure out the gifts that God has given them,” Donn said.

Photo and Story By Klaire Bruce

18

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

FEBRUARY 10, 2014


Are You Getting Your Money’s Worth? By Garry McClure

The banking questions every small agribusiness should be asking The story is a familiar one. A small agribusiness or farm owner is talking with his banker, who casually mentions the money he could be saving with a particular service. “I liked what I heard,” the owner said later. “But we’ve been working together for years; I just wondered why he hadn’t brought it up sooner.” We’ve all been there – learning too late about the time or money we might have saved – had we only known about an option available to us. And we wonder: isn’t it our banker’s and other financial advisors’ job to tell us? The answer, of course, is yes. In a perfect world, your advisors should be meeting with you regularly, listening to your needs and making sure you’re taking advantage of the latest and greatest solutions. The only way to know if you’re REALLY managing your money as effectively as possible is to make sure you’re asking the right questions when you choose a bank. Here are four things to get you started. 1. Basic money management: Do I have the best account for my business needs? If you tell a banker that you want to open a small business checking account, there’s a good chance that you’ll get one. The problem is that may not be what you really need. It may be better to simply tell your banker how you plan to use your accounts. Then you can have an open-ended discussion about the expected size and number of your deposits and disbursements, as well as your borrowing and investment needs. Your bank may have a “bundled” product – a package of services that provides discounts on some services, better interest rates on others, along with other benefits that may appeal to you. Sometimes you can combine your personal and business accounts and save even more. Don’t always assume that a “free” account offers the greatest value. Paying a little more could yield significant benefits in the long-term. Don’t forget your employees in this discussion. Employee banking programs allow you to deposit your employees’ earnings directly into their checking accounts – saving you the cost of cutting payroll checks and often offering additional benefits to the employee. 2. Cash management: Am I doing everything I can to improve cash flow, streamline payment processing and reduce costs? Every small agribusiness or farming operation I know wants to manage its finances smarter. The good news is there are countless tools available today to help you do it. The key is learning which ones are best for you.

FEBRUARY 10, 2014

Agribusinesses that receive paper checks, for example, can gain access to funds faster and improve cash flow by processing them electronically. Remote deposit technology makes it possible to process receivables as you receive them, right from your office computer, rather than making trips to the bank. That saves both time and money. If you have a service that your customers pay for monthly, it may be time for an automated clearing house (ACH) solution that automatically transfers customer fees from their checking account into yours. A business that requires employees to visit customers’ homes or offices may similarly benefit from mobile technology that enables them to take electronic payment before they leave. You’ll not only streamline your invoicing process with tools like these, you’ll reduce the number of bad checks you receive and must later collect on. 3: Expense management: Am I managing my expenses as efficiently as possible? Expense management is more than just paying the bills. It’s knowing that you have the proper controls and reporting tools in place to guard against fraud, and are saving time or money in the process. There are a host of commercial cards available to help you achieve these goals. Fleet cards, for example, can help you manage fuel, auto maintenance and repair expenses. Purchasing cards can decrease your reliance on purchase orders, invoices and checks. Commercial cards can do both – while also managing your travel and entertainment expenses. Converting to electronic payments can give you additional control. 4: It’s what they know and who they know When you pick a bank that specializes in your industry and has been through the ups and downs of business cycles, you may get more for your money as well. An experienced banker with an extensive portfolio of agribusinesses can make referrals for new business and share best practices that have helped other companies and farming operations succeed. And a banker who is honest enough to tell you what they really see, not just what they think you want to hear, is worth his or her weight in gold. With expense management, as with all financial management, just remember that one-size-does-NOT-fit all. After asking about and listening to your needs, your banker should be able to offer a solution that is tailored to your business – which is what you really wanted all along. Garry McClure, Senior Vice President, Commercial and Agricultural Banking, Commerce Bank in Lebanon, Mo.

Serving More Than 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri

19


farm finance

Trusting Wealth Transfer By Bill Watson

Talk is not cheap when It comes to family assets and property to help ensure the younger generation will take on the Money and land used to be taboo topShare the Strategy leadership of those assets in a meaningful and forwardics – ones that past generations would Wealth advisors generally initiate the conversation looking way. never dream of discussing with their children, with the older generation about how they want to let alone their grandchildren or other potential heirs. share their estate planning details with the inheriting Start the Conversation Early Today the mindset is much different. Many not only generation. This is one of the most significant services Ideally, these conversations would begin at an early want to discuss this, but are also working with their wealth planners bring to the table, because they not age. Children need to be old enough to understand the wealth advisors to include a communication strategy only assist in explaining the estate plan structure, but information and why it’s being shared, but initial talks within their overall estate plan. many times facilitate the conversation about the stratfor specific areas, such as philanthropy, can begin as Why the big change? The tremendous growth in agegy – particularly, why the plan is built the way it is. early as grade school. For example, families who have ricultural land values, equipment prices and general This is important, as it is fairly common for the inassets that are earmarked for charity every year can working capital requirements have made intergeneraheriting generation to have initial negative reactions or involve children in selecting the recipients by asking tional communication a cornerstone of smooth operaquestions to certain parts of the plan if they aren’t prothem to make recommendations for causes and orgational transition and continuity for many farming and vided with the background and full detail on the overall nizations that are important to them. ranching family legacies. However, lessons learned are strategy. This is often seen when trusts are discussed, as As children enter the high school years, financial adalso a contributor to the change. Many individuals inheritors may misunderstand the intent behind these visors can help introduce fundamental information on have witnessed through other family members, friends financial vehicles. This also may occur when differitems such as budgeting and personal cash flow manor colleagues the challenges that can come with unexent beneficiaries receive different asset bequests based agement. Then as they enter their early to mid-20s or plained inheritance structures, parameters and instrucon their ongoing and future contributions to the curperhaps later, depending on other factors, conversations. Forming a communication plan to help relay the rent farming or ranching operation. In this situation, tions about the specific structure can occur. strategy to the beneficiaries before death can eliminate the wealth advisor can be a neutral party who explains confusion, frustration and sometimes that securing assets until a certain age even hurt feelings, resulting in a sucis a strategic step. Whether it’s done The Farm Family cessful transition for all involved. with the intent of ensuring measured Family & Farm History, Current Farm Operation, Current Family Status And as individuals and wealth manwealth disbursement or enabling the Business Analysis agers plan for a monumental wealth inheritor to mature before accessSelf Assessment Land & Capital Resources Family Values Communication Skills transfer over the next four decades, ing funds, these types of decisions are Labor Management Financial Skills Marketing Plan an estimated $30 trillion in financial made from a comprehensive planning Production Skills Managerial Skills Management Skills Family Goals and non-financial assets in North standpoint and with everyone’s best External Factors America alone, open communication interests in mind. and intentional dialogue need to be Intergenerational wealth transfer Vision and Mission Statement considered a critical component of a can be an extremely complicated Personal Goals Business Goals successful wealth transfer strategy. process, from both an execution and emotional standpoint. Working with With Assets and Property professionals who will proactively adBusiness Retirement Transition Estate Investment Plan Plan Plan Plan Plan Comes Responsibility vise and assist in both the strategy as First, educating the beneficiaries well as the communication amongst Valuing Disposable Production & Timing of Grooming on the responsibilities that come generations can be the difference bethe Estate Income Operations Retirement Successors with inheriting land and wealth is tween leaving a gift and establishing important to many, particularly for a legacy. Liquidity Life After Fairness to Time Horizon Marketing Needs Retirement All Heirs those who have created their wealth. Bill Watson is the president of As these individuals formulate plans UMB Bank’s Agribusiness Division. Planning Investment Retirement Transfer and strategies to bequeath the assets Personnel Your Needs Options Income Needs Strategies they have personally earned, they often have a strong desire to structure Establishing Risk Retirement Financing Financial a plan that will provide financial seLiving Powers Management Income Sources the Transfer curity and stability for not only their immediate heirs, but for future genRisk Farm Tax Tax Planning Tax Planning Management Withdrawals Planning erations as well. In short, they want

20

Source: Ohio State University Extension

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

FEBRUARY 10, 2014


farm finance

Are You Prepared?

MID-MISSOURI BANK Looking Ahead. Focused On You. We Finance

Livestock Farm Operations Farm Real Estate

By Larry King

Your 2013 farm taxes may take on a different look

Many farmers would rather do 8 hours of hard farm labor than to spend a couple of hours getting ready to meet with their tax preparer. Here’s a few tips that might help farmers to prepare for the tax appointment and some tax strategies that might be very applicable to 2013 farm operations. Have your bookkeeping up-todate. Whether you are using bookkeeping software or using ledger sheets, your tax professional is probably not wanting to take on a new bookkeeping client when it’s tax time. Schedule F gives a breakdown of how the IRS requires farmers to report expenditures and revenues. That is how you should set up your various bookkeeping accounts. Farmers that utilize their bookkeeping as a management tool will actually have many sub-accounts such as breaking “Feed” into hay, grain, supplements, etc. The same can be said for “Repairs & Maintenance.” IRS only requires a “total” but individual farmers can benefit by knowing how much was spent on equipment versus fences, buildings, etc. A good tax professional that knows farming is also high on the list of priorities. Every occupation has its own set of language and jargon. A tax professional that might be great in working with medical doctors might not have a clue as to what backgrounding cattle means in a farming operation. Farmers should look for credentials such as CPA (Certified Public Accountant), EA (Enrolled Agent), ATA (Accredited Tax Advisor), ATP (Accredited Tax Preparer) and even the RTRP (Registered Tax Return Preparer) which has been put on hold by the IRS. These credentials indicate a preparer has passed tax exams and is required to maintain certain levels of education each year. Don’t be afraid to ask your tax preparer how many farm returns they do each year.

1

2

FEBRUARY 10, 2014

3

…plus all of your home and business needs!

2013 was a good year on the farm and many farmers may benefit by utilizing Section 1301 of the tax code which allows “Farm Income Averaging” as a means to lower total taxes. This is a powerful tax tool and can be beneficial to farmers when a very profitable year has placed them in a higher tax bracket. Elected farm income in the current year can be carried back to prior years and taxed at rates that applied to those prior returns. Another powerful tax tool is the Section 179 deduction which allows farmers to deduct up to $500,000 of qualifying capital outlay expenditures. This is commonly used on farm and business returns. However, this limit is currently set to drop to $25,000 in 2014 unless Congress takes action. Remember, you need to report description, date of purchase and cost of each individual capital asset. Don’t let the “tail wag the dog.” Another way to say this is “don’t cut off your nose to spite the IRS.” In December, we visit with lots of farmers. The question always comes up “how much would it save if I bought…” When we consider that most farmers fall in a 15 percent, 25 percent or 28 percent tax bracket, it’s probably not wise to spend money on things that are not a good management practice. Even when self-employment tax and state income tax is added in, spending decisions should be founded within sound business principals. Most management decisions and practices have to be in place by December 31. However, Congress does allow taxpayers until April 15 to make decisions regarding IRA contributions – which can provide significant tax savings and, just as important, result in a more comfortable retirement. Larry King owns and operates 21st Century Financial Services in Buffalo, Mo.

Bolivar El Dorado Springs Joplin Lebanon Mt. Vernon 2275 S. Springfield Ave. 118 Hwy. 54 W. 2230 E. 32nd St. 278 N. Jefferson Ave. 109 N. Hickory 417-326-5201 417-876-2121 417-782-4810 417-588-1000 417-466-2163 Republic 806 E. Hines 417-732-4800

Springfield Stockton Webb City Willard 3546 E. Sunshine 5 Public Square 100 N. Main 306 Proctor Rd. 417-851-4700 417-276-2265 417-673-5514 417-742-1300

4 5

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Member FDIC

21


slaughter

market sales reports

bulls

(Week of 1/26/14 to 2/1/14) Buffalo Livestock Market

93.00-116.00 †

74.00-108.00 †

Kingsville Livestock Auction

90.00-102.00 *

Lebanon Livestock Auction Mo-Ark - Exeter

96.00-104.50 * 77.00-110.75 †

MO-KAN Livestock Market

87.00-114.00 †

Ozarks Regional Stockyards - West Plains

7 75.50-102.00

South Central Regional Stockyardss

50

70

dairy

90.00-111.00 †

Springfield Livestock Marketing Center

90

slaughter

110

130

cows

60.00-101.00

71.00-104.00 †

Joplin Regional Stockyards

76.00-109.50 †

Kingsville Livestock Auction

65.00-95.00 *

Lebanon Livestock Auction Mo-Ark - Exeter

75.00-103.00* 78.00-113.00 †

MO-KAN Livestock Market - Butler

65.00-106.50 †

Ozarks Regional Stockyard

6 62.50-95.50 †

South Central Regional

67.00-109.00 †

Springfield Livestock Marketing

20

65.00-93.00 † 6

Interstate Regional Stockyards

40

60

80

cow/calf

100

120

pairs None Reported * None Reported †

Douglas County Livestock Auction - Ava Interstate Regional Stockyards - Cuba

1785.00-1800.00 † 1250.00-2000.00 †

Joplin Regional

None Reported

Kingsville Livestock Auction

Ozarks Regional

1400.00-1985.00 †

Springfield Livestock Marketing

1500

2000

replacement

2500

3000

cows

Steers, Med. & Lg. 1 300-400 lbs. 400-500 lbs. 500-600 lbs. 600-700 lbs. 700-800 lbs.

(Week of 1/26/14 to 2/1/14) Buffalo Livestock Market

1250.00-1600.00 * 1275.00-1650.00

Douglas County Livestock Auction - Ava

1160.00-1425.00 †

Lebanon Livestock Auction

1500.00-1825.00 * 950.00-1825.00*

MO-KAN Livestock Market - Butler

None Reported †

Heifers, Med. & Lg. 1

700.00-1800.00 †

Ozarks Regional South Central Regional Stockyards

1075.00-1400.00 † 975.00-1610.00 †

Springfield Livestock Marketing

22

300-400 lbs. 400-500 lbs. 500-600 lbs. 600-700 lbs. 700-800 lbs.

None Reported †

Mo-Ark - Exeter

500

Holsteins, Lg. 3

965.00-2000.00 †

Joplin Regional Stockyards Kingsville Livestock Auction

0

Ava Douglas County† 1/30/14

1125.00-2375.00 † None Reported †

South Central Regional Stockyards - Vienna

Interstate Regional Stockyards - Cuba

1000

Highlandville, Mo. • CRS Sale’s Co.

1500

2000

2500

300-400 lbs. 400-500 lbs. 500-600 lbs. 600-700 lbs. 700-800 lbs.

Buffalo Livestock Auction* 2/1/14

Butler Mo-Kan Livestock† 1/30/14

Cuba Interstate Regional† 1/28/14

Nation

Exeter Mo-Ark Livestock* 2/1/14

Chee block Fluid excep stagna genera milk i proces transp SPOT BUTT $2.28

1/16/14

Receipts: 197 The supply was moderate, demand good. The supply included 22 percent slaughter and feeder lambs; 7 percent slaughter ewes and bucks; 10 replacement ewes and pairs; 46 percent kid goats; 11 percent slaughter nannies and billies; 4 percent replacement nannies and pairs. All prices per hundred weight unless noted otherwise. Sheep Slaughter Lambs: Good and Choice 2-3 hair few 70-80 lbs 185.00; 110-115 lbs 175.00-195.00. Stocker/Feeder: Medium 2 hair few 40-50 lbs 225.00; 60-70 lbs 230.00-235.00. Ewes: Utility and Good 2-3 hair 80-130 85.0095.00; 130-205 lbs 60.00-85.00. Replacement Sheep: Ewes: Medium 1-2 100-150 lbs 70.00-87.50 cwt. Goats Slaughter Classes: Kids: Selection 1 40-50 lbs 250.00-260.00; Selection 1-2 50-60 lbs 255.00 -260.00; 60-70 lbs 250.00-257.50; 70-80 lbs 220.00255.00; Selection 3 60-90 lbs 165.00-240.00. Doe/Nannies: Selection 1-2 108-145 lbs 105.00145.00; Selection 3 95-145 lbs 100.00-120.00. Billies: Selection 2-3 few 90-150 lbs 125.00-130.00 cwt. Replacement Nannies Pairs: Selection 2 135.00-160.00 per pair. Feeder/stocker Kids: Selection 2 30-40 lbs 200.00225.00; 40-50 lbs 200.00-255.00; Selection 3 40-60 lbs 210.00-222.50 cwt; bottle kids 10.00-45.00 per head.

None Reported †

MO-KAN Livestock Market - Butler

1000

1/28/14

220.00-255.00; 80-100 lbs 160.00-195.00. Selection 3 70-100 lbs 145.00-165.00. Does/Nannies: Selection 1-2 75-120 lbs 105.00130.00. Selection 3 60-115 lbs 110.00-115.00. Billies: Selection 2-3 80-145 lbs 85.00-140.00. Replacement Classes: Nannies: Selection 1 few 150.00-165.00 per head. Billies: Selection 1-2 few 255.00-410.00 per head. Stocker/Feeder Kids: Selection 2 20-30 lbs few 207.50; 30-40 lbs 190.00-220.00. Selection 3 40-50 200.00-230.00.

stocker & feeder

930.00-1860.00 *

Mo-Ark

goats

Receipts: 274 Supply light demand moderate. The supply included 52 percent slaughter and feeder lambs; 10 percent slaughter ewes and bucks; 4 percent replacement ewes; 22 percent kid goats; 9 percent slaughter nannies and billies; 3 percent replacement nannies and billies. All prices per hundred weight unless noted otherwise. Sheep: Slaughter Lambs: Choice and Prime 2-3 wooled traditional few 108-115 lbs 145.00; hair 50-60 lbs 205.00-240.00; 60-70 lbs 210.00-232.50; 70-80 lbs 155.00-230.00; 80-90 lbs 190.00-205.00; 108-130 lbs 140.00-157.50. Feeder/Stocker Lambs: Medium and Large 1-2 hair 30-40 lbs 205.00-212.50; 40-50 lbs 195.00-225.00. Slaughter Ewes: Utility and Good 1-3 hair 85-110 lbs 61.00-110.00. Slaughter Bucks: hair few 125-180 lbs 60.00-80.00. Replacement classes: Ewes: Medium and Large 1-2 hair few 73-158 lbs 70.00-135.00. Goats: Slaughter Classes: Kids: Selection 1-2 40-50 lbs 235.00-260.00; 50-60 lbs 215.00-265.00; 60-70 lbs

1800.00-2325.00 *

Lebanon Livestock Auction

500

sheep &

Buffalo, Mo. • Buffalo Livestock Market

Markets

140

(Week of 1/26/14 to 2/1/14) Buffalo Livestock Market

1/28/14

Receipts: 576 Demand good to very good, supply moderate with near 10 percent springer heifers, 11 percent bred heifers, 29 percent open heifers, 03 percent fresh heifers and cows, 03 percent bred cows, and 08 percent baby calves. The balance was steer/bull calves and weigh cows. Holsteins unless noted otherwise. Prices per head. Springer heifers bred seven to nine months: Supreme 1650.00-1725.00, Approved 1400.001700.00, Crossbreds 1500.00-1700.00, Jerseys 1350.00-1575.000, Medium 1100.00-1350.00, Crossbreds 1125.00-1300.00. Heifers bred three to six months: Supreme 1550.00-1720.00, ind 1825.00, Approved 1250.001600.00, Medium 975.00-1275.00, Jerseys 1075.001300.00. Heifers bred one to three months: Supreme 1460.00-1600.00, Approved 1220.00-1375.00, Medium Crossbreds 975.00-1025.00. Open Heifers: Approved/Supreme mixed lot 829 lbs A.I. Sired 1150.00, Approved lot 183 lbs 310.00, pkg 261 lbs 420.00, pkg 390 lbs 510.00, 500-585 lbs 650.00-740.00, 500-570 lbs; Crossbreds 630.00720.00, 570-590 lbs Jerseys 760.00-790.00, 600-700 lbs 770.00-910.00, 710-735 lbs 950.00-980.00; Medium/Approved mixed 215-285 lbs 370.00390.00, 375-400 lbs 440.00-450.00, pkg 391 lbs Crossbreds thin/horns 460.00, pkg 362 lbs Jerseys thin/horns 430.00, 400-500 lbs 430.00-610.00, pkg 516 lbs Crossbreds thin/horns 580.00, pkg 638 lbs

60.00-96.50 *

Douglas County Livestock

cattle

Springfield, Mo. • Springfield Livestock Mktg.

150

(Week of 1/26/14 to 2/1/14) Buffalo Livestock Market

2/3/14

5 Area (Tx-Ok, Ks, Neb, Ia, Colo) Live Basis Sales - Over 80% Choice Steers: 142.00-147.00; wtd. avg. price 145.00. Heifers: 143.00-147.00; wtd. avg. price 145.20. Dressed Basis Sales - Over 80% Choice Steers: 230.00-235.00; wtd. avg. price 230.75. Heifers: 227.00-235.00; wtd. avg. price 231.65.

88.00-118.00 †

Joplin Regional Stockyards

cattle

Midwest - High Plains Direct Slaughter Cattle

90.00-103.00 †

Interstate Regional Stockyards - Cuba

30

beef

99.50-110.50 *

Douglas County Livestock Auction - Ava

Crossbreds thin/horns 730.00; Medium 425-465 lbs Crossbreds 450.00-490.00, pkg 455 lbs Jerseys 560.00, 735-740 lbs Crossbreds couple 800.00-810.00. Replacement Cows: Fresh: Approved 1480.00-1800.00, Medium 1200.001430.00, Common 825.00-1025.00. Springer Cows: Supreme 1475.00-1575.00, Approved 1350.00-1510.00, Medium 1175.001275.00, couple Jerseys 1075.00-1150.00. Cows bred three to six months: Approved couple 1400.00-1470.00, Medium couple Crossbreds 1100.00-1250.00. Baby Calves: Holstein heifers small 180.00-210.00, Holstein bulls 170.00-220.00, couple 240.00-260.00, small 120.00-150.00; Crossbred bulls 90.00-150.00; Jersey bulls 35.00-65.00.

Mo. We

Recei Comp recen and d

Early negot Early negot averag Feede report Feede sales r *Early pigs ha calcula .25-.4 1.00 p

prices

Joplin Regional Stockyards† 1/27/14

Kingsville Livestock Auction† 1/28/14

Lebanon Livestock Auction* 1/30/14

2069

909

1189

848

-----

9135

3029

1245

St-7 Higher

Steady

Uneven

Firm-3 Higher

-----

St-5 Lower

Uneven

-----

222.00-236.00 207.00-225.00 185.00-215.00 165.00-193.00 162.50-169.50

220.00-236.00 200.00-231.00 176.00-206.00 167.00-192.50 166.00-168.00

235.50-245.00 223.00-244.00 196.50-218.00 187.50-195.50 164.00-173.00

231.00-239.00 215.00-233.00 178.00-226.00 175.00-188.00 162.50-168.75

190.00-242.00 188.00-225.00 180.00-203.00 168.00-185.00 168.00

230.00-245.00 200.00-237.50 186.00-218.00 171.00-194.00 161.00-178.00

225.00-246.00 221.00-245.00 203.00-225.00 184.50-204.25 164.75-182.50

220.00-245.00 200.00-227.00 183.00-212.00 167.00-189.00 160.00-173.00

126.00-133.00 133.00 129.50-137.50 ----112.50-119.50

--------130.50 ---------

---------------------

---------------------

133.00-150.00 143.00 -------------

145.00 ----130.00 ---------

---------------------

135.00 125.00-135.00 120.00-131.00 ---------

192.50-207.00 182.50-193.00 164.00-187.50 157.50-165.50 -----

186.00-200.00 177.00-188.00 152.50-176.00 148.50-160.00 150.50-152.00

197.00-216.00 196.00-213.00 189.50-203.00 168.50-176.50 -----

193.00-209.00 174.00-194.00 168.00-174.50 158.00-168.00 159.00-163.50

185.00-212.00 170.00-196.00 154.00-188.00 155.00-167.00 155.00-160.00

200.00-220.00 178.00-203.00 161.00-188.00 157.00-173.00 156.00-164.00

210.00-222.00 196.00-214.00 174.00-209.00 162.75-178.00 163.75-166.00

190.00-203.00 175.00-193.00 161.00-190.00 150.00-170.00 145.00-154.00

USDA Reported * Independently Reported

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

FEBRUARY 10, 2014


reports

USDA Reported * Independently Reported

24 Month Avg. -

$200

550-600 lb. steers

$175 $150

hog markets

Mo. Weekly Weaner & Feeder Pig

1/31/14

Receipts: 5,030 Compared to last week, weaner pig sales were steady. No recent comparison on feeder pigs. Supply light to moderate and demand moderate to good. (Prices Per Head.)

d and Choice 2-3 hair few 115 lbs 175.00-195.00. um 2 hair few 40-50 lbs 00-235.00. d 2-3 hair 80-130 85.0000-85.00.

Early weaned pigs 10 lb. base weights, FOB the farm 0% negotiated 2,530 head, 10 lbs, 36.50. Early weaned pigs 10 lb base weights, Delivered 100% negotiated, 2,500 head, 10 lbs, 45.00-85.00, weighted average price 65.00. Feeder pigs in all lot sizes, FOB 100% negotiated, no sales reported. Feeder pigs in all lot sizes, delivered 100% negotiated, no sales reported. *Early weaned pigs are under 19 days old. **Most lots of feeder pigs have a sliding value from the negotiated weight basis which is calculated on the actual average weight of the load plus or minus .25-.40 per pound. Some early weaned lots have a slide of .501.00 per pound.

0-150 lbs 70.00-87.50 cwt.

s: Selection 1 40-50 lbs on 1-2 50-60 lbs 255.00 00-257.50; 70-80 lbs 220.0090 lbs 165.00-240.00. n 1-2 108-145 lbs 105.00145 lbs 100.00-120.00. ew 90-150 lbs 125.00-130.00

00-160.00 per pair. Selection 2 30-40 lbs 200.0000-255.00; Selection 3 40-60 bottle kids 10.00-45.00 per

Supreme quality Alfalfa (RFV >185): 225.00-275.00. Premium quality Alfalfa (RFV 170-180): 175.00-250.00. Good quality Alfalfa (RFV 150-170): 160.00-200.00. Fair quality Alfalfa (RFV 130-150): 100.00-170.00. Good quality Mixed Grass hay: 75.00-100.00. Fair to Good quality Mixed Grass hay: 50.00-75.00. Fair quality Mixed Grass hay: 30.00-45.00 per large round bale. Fair to Good quality Bromegrass: 50.00-70.00. Wheat straw: 3.00-5.00 per small square bale.

Markets

12 Au g. 12 Se pt .1 2 O ct .1 2 No v. 12 De c. 12 Ja n. 13 Fe b 13 M ar ch 13 Ap ril 13 M ay 13 Ju ne 13 Ju ly 13 Au g. 13 Se pt .1 3 O ct .1 3 No v. 13 De c. 13 Ja n. 14

12

ly

ne

Ju

Ju

2

12 ay

M

12

il 1

Ap r

12 b. Fe

ar ch

Ava Kingsville

Butler Springfield

Cuba Vienna

Joplin West Plains

heifers 550-600 LBS. Ava Kingsville

178.05

Butler Springfield

Cuba Vienna

181.76

*** 197.25 202.41 182.58 ***

*** 170.44 167.88 166.73 ***

185.13

165.67

195.28

169.38

198.89

179.73

191.45 197.76

166.95

204.18 196.09

170.59 175.01 170.88

192.40

174.44 167.46

193.89

166.53

202.64

2121

Uneven

-----

Uneven

St-Firm

Uneven

225.00-246.00 221.00-245.00 203.00-225.00 184.50-204.25 164.75-182.50

220.00-245.00 200.00-227.00 183.00-212.00 167.00-189.00 160.00-173.00

215.00-235.00 202.00-219.00 195.00-207.50 157.00-189.50 161.00-174.50

241.00-245.00 210.00-227.00 190.00-225.00 170.00-192.00 160.50

217.50-240.00 203.00-227.50 191.00-213.00 175.00-191.00 160.00-176.00

---------------------

135.00 125.00-135.00 120.00-131.00 ---------

--------127.00-132.50 120.00 117.50-122.00

--------114.00 ---------

---------------------

210.00-222.00 196.00-214.00 174.00-209.00 162.75-178.00 163.75-166.00

190.00-203.00 175.00-193.00 161.00-190.00 150.00-170.00 145.00-154.00

199.00-208.00 184.50-198.00 167.00-187.50 155.00-168.50 156.25

191.00-200.00 181.00-197.00 162.00-187.00 155.00-160.00 148.00

195.00-210.00 180.00-200.00 173.00-192.00 159.50-170.00 148.00-159.00

FEBRUARY 10, 2014

15 12.40

12 9 6 3

12.68

12.84

6.25 5.51 5.23 4.27 4.26

7.35

5.73

13.42

8.38 6.20

4.23 4.43

168.98 178.61 172.97 170.95

189.67 206.08

* Price per cwt

13.41

175.31

188.49

Week Ended 1/10/14 Corn Sorghum*

Soft Wheat

171.67

199.50

avg. grain prices Soybeans

190.93

Week of 1/19/14

359

209.72

166.54

198.00 192.72 210.39 195.87

6.28

195.12

4.38

195.90 155

189.50

169 183 197 211 * No price reported in weight break **USDA Failed To Report *** No Sale

175.54 183.76 175.32 176.45 173.49

225

Prices Based on Weighted Average for Steers and Heifers 550-600 lbs.

Serving 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri ServingMore MoreThan Than 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri

171.36

Week of 1/26/14

1483

Week of 1/19/14

1245

192.56

Week of 1/26/14

3029

186.23

191.48

d

West Plains Ozarks Regional† 1/28/14

te

Vienna South Central† 1/29/14

or

Springfield Livestock Marketing† 1/29/14

ep

Lebanon Livestock Auction* 1/30/14

ot R

Kingsville Livestock Auction† 1/28/14

Joplin West Plains

*

189.95

198.55

N

s

steers 550-600 LBS.

1/31/14

Each passing day of winter it becomes increasingly less likely that producers are going to cut deeply into their mountains of hay. Looking ahead to spring and summer, with even fair yields on most pastures, supplies look to remain stable. Unless extremely harsh weather is seen across all regions of the state for an extended period, a great deal of 2013 hay will most likely be for sale come fall. Hay supply is heavy, demand is light and the prices are steady. The Missouri Department of Agriculture has a hay directory available for both buyers and sellers. To be listed, or for a directory visit http://mda.mo.gov/abd/haydirectory/ or for current listings of hay http://agebb.missouri.edu/haylst/ (All prices f.o.b. and per ton unless specified and on most recent reported sales prices listed as round bales based generally on 5x6 bales with weights of approximately 1200-1500 lbs).

rices †

$100

Week of 1/5/14

ate, demand good. The rcent slaughter and feeder ghter ewes and bucks; 10 pairs; 46 percent kid goats; nannies and billies; 4 percent and pairs. All prices per s noted otherwise.

hay & grain markets

Mo. Weekly Hay Summary

$125

Week of 1/12/14

1/16/14

Estimated Receipts: 515 Supply and demand are light to moderate. Compared to Monday’s close barrows and gilts are steady to 1.00 higher .Base Carcass Meat Price 76.00. Sows: (cash prices) steady to 3.00 higher. 300-500 lbs 46.00-52.00, over 500 lbs 52.00-57.00.

M

ew 150.00-165.00 per head. ew 255.00-410.00 per head. Selection 2 20-30 lbs few 00-220.00. Selection 3 40-50

le’s Co.

1/31/14

Cheese: 40# blocks closed at $2.3600. The weekly average for blocks, $2.3370 (+.0576). Fluid Milk: U.S. milk production is increasing in most regions except the Central region, where milk production is mostly stagnant due to the recent cold weather. Milk supplies are generally adequate, with occasional exceptions. Competition for milk in Utah and Idaho is outstripping supply, leading to some processor layoffs. Southeast weather is adversely affecting milk transportation. SPOT PRICES OF CLASS II CREAM: $ PER POUND BUTTERFAT, F.O.B. producing plants, Upper Midwest $2.2800-2.3940.

2/4/14

Week of 1/5/14

National Dairy Market

Interior Missouri Direct Hogs

Week of 1/12/14

dairy & fed cattle

lbs 160.00-195.00. Selection 5.00. on 1-2 75-120 lbs 105.00115 lbs 110.00-115.00. 0-145 lbs 85.00-140.00.

145

157

169

181

193

205

* No price reported in weight break **USDA Failed To Report *** No Sale Prices Based on Weighted Average for Steers and Heifers 550-600 lbs.

23


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Basics for Beginners By Tera Dover

Four financial tips for young and beginning farmers

1. Get Organized with a Business Plan

Whether it’s inventories, herd health and production or finances, keeping records is crucial. A solid business plan can mean the difference between success and failure. Essential items to have in your business plan include marketing strategies, tax records, an up-to-date balance sheet showing assets and liabilities, cash flow projections, a profit/loss analysis and a break-even analysis. While this is not an inclusive list, these items are fundamental in helping you manage your business. Tracking the progress of your operation allows you to manage and plan effectively as well as to identify possible obstacles signaling a need to revise your plan in order to remain successful.

2. Know Your Balance Sheet

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J15554 Spfd Ozarks Farm and Neighbor Spring 2014.indd 1

Farming is a business. As the owner of that business, you know that managing your operation requires a great deal of thorough planning, careful financial analysis and conscientious decision-making. Your balance sheet is arguably the quickest way to learn where your operation stands financially. So if you don’t understand it completely, you could be missing out on valuable information. Going through an annual financial review process with your loan officer ensures you review your financial reports while analyzing market trends. Remember ag lenders base their recommendations on the numbers they see. If the numbers aren’t accurate, it’s likely the recommendation won’t be either.

3. Recognize and Manage Risk

Risk management quite simply, is taking out as much risk as possible. Though basic in description, there’s nothing simple about it. It involves research and assessment of uncontrollable factors – and finding the right methods to best control them. Most risks for farmers, no matter the type of operation, can be grouped into two areas: production and financial. • Production variables may include weather, market prices, insects, crop yield, governmental regulations and chemical costs. • Financial variables include taxes, debt structure, estate planning, business ownership structure, injury or loss-of-life planning and investment opportunities. Working with experienced crop insurance agents and ag lenders gives you an advantage when making the most of available resources.

4. Surround Yourself with a Support System

Behind every successful business is a network of people who advise and support. Your local extension office is a great source for information on a variety of topics. Your ag lender and crop insurance specialist also have extensive knowledge regarding financial trends and risk management. Take advantage of these free resources and also look for educational opportunities such as conferences and webinars to expand your knowledge and network base. As your operation grows you may consider enlisting the help of an attorney, accountant, estate planner and other ag industry specialists. Tera Dover is a Financial Services Officer at FCS Financial in Springfield, Mo.

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com 1/27/2014 1:33:19 PM

FEBRUARY 10, 2014


farm finance

Passing the Nine-Factor Test By Adam Wolfe

Are you running your farm in a businesslike manner? Small-scale farm operations are an important niche in the agricultural community and help form the backbone of the entire Ozarks region. Small farms and the herds of cattle, horses, goats or exotics that roam them can establish the identity of an entire family, and can provide supplementary income for the farmers who own them. Effective, careful management of small-scale farms is crucial to keeping those farms in the family, and it’s important to note that good farm management doesn’t just involve agricultural planning. A basic understanding of a few key tax rules is also very important, and in the coming months, Ozarks Farm & Neighbor readers will be given some tools to develop that understanding. Since any income-producing activity is required to be reported on a taxpayer’s Federal income tax return, it is necessary for all farmers to report their income and expense from farming activities. Often, operating expenses, paired with depreciation, insurance, property taxes and mortgage interest, can result in a net loss on the tax return of a small farmer. Reporting farm activity is likely a familiar process to most small-scale farmers. Most probably aren’t even alarmed by a tax loss – but farmers may not be aware of “hobby loss” rules that could lead the IRS to disallow farm losses on a tax return, potentially causing an unfavorable change in refund or an increased balance due. “Hobby loss” provisions originated in 1943 and were created to prevent losses from “side-line” businesses from being used to reduce overall income tax liabilities. To protect against these hobby losses, IRS stated that expenses are only deductible if incurred in a trade or business, for the production of income. If the IRS develops a suspicion that a farm may be a hobby and not a real business, it’s up to the taxpayer to prove otherwise, in an audit. FEBRUARY 10, 2014

The IRS uses a nine-factor test to determine whether a taxpayer is running a legitimate for-profit business. These nine factors ask the following questions: Is the activity carried out in a business-like manner, with accurate books and records? Does the taxpayer have thorough knowledge and expertise, or strong advisors, to succeed in this industry? How much time does the taxpayer devote to the activity? Are the assets owned by the taxpayer sufficient to generate a profit? Has the taxpayer been profitable in other ventures, in the past? What is the history of this activity’s profit or loss for the taxpayer, and have any past profits been substantial? What is the taxpayer’s financial status and/or other source of income? Are there significant elements of personal pleasure or recreation from the business, to the taxpayer? In order to pass this nine-factor test, farmers should run their operations in a businesslike manner – with an established, up-to-date, accounting system, and a good policy of record retention. Accounting that is done months later than it should be is simply not effective, and does not stand up well under audit. Farmers should also consider developing a written business plan for future profitability, and establishing a team of trusted financial, tax and estate planning advisors, where applicable. Hobby loss rules were established primarily to prevent high-income earners from buying a farm and generating a tax loss in order to save money on income tax, but the IRS does apply these rules to small-scale, family-run farms. An understanding of these rules, and a plan to satisfy their requirements, might be very valuable to you and your neighbors. Adam Wolfe works as a Small Business Development Advisor, Accountant and Tax Preparer for Bobby Medlin, CPA at the Lake Ozark branch.

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Continued from Page 17 as well as raising Bermuda on his own place. During the extremely rare lulls, David builds corrals. Another part of the farming system is keeping the size manageable so it remains a family business with no outside help. As the farm developed, Rachelle eventually quit her bookkeeping job to work full-time on the farm doing the books and filling in where needed. David and Rachelle’s 16-year-old son, Derek, is an important part of the workforce as was their 19-year-old son, Zach, who is now a crop duster in Oklahoma. One of the first things the Lawson family did after David quit his job was to change prime bottom land by the Elk River on their northern boundary from pastureland to hay ground. David wanted to plant the Greenfield Max variety of Bermuda rather than any of the other species usually seeded. He borrowed one machine which dug holes and dropped sprigs into a trailer while the boys stomped on them to increase the number of sprigs per load. Then David borrowed a neighbor’s sprigger to plant the harvested sprigs. One advantage of the sprigs is that they didn’t need to be planted roots side down. David said, “As long as they go into the dirt and get moisture they will grow.” The harvested grass is used to make small square bales for horses. David also delivers his bales to four feed stores in Missouri and Oklahoma using a gooseneck trailer. He is very pleased with the results and said, “Even though planting sprigs was more expensive than seeding, the results were even more than I hoped for, and the square bales provide a big part of our income.” The cattle side of the operation is based on 90 mommas and five bulls: Brangus for Angus cows and Herford and Angus bulls with Brangus cows. David said, “I like the Brahman influence because it provides hardiness, heat resistance and a better ability to handle fescue.” David runs the bulls with the cows for 75 days beginning FEBRUARY 10, 2014

NEW TRUCKS

Photo by Terry Ropp

March 5 and ending May 15 so the calves are born starting December 10 when the forage and spraying/fertilizing part of the Lawson operation is inactive. Although calving in the winter is more difficult, it fits their annual schedule perfectly. The cattle are worked in the spring including fly tagging, deworming, vaccinating and banding. In October the calves are weaned and revaccinated as well as occasionally dehorned. The Lawsons sell replacement heifers and believe Angus Plus is always in demand. The cattle are fenced from entering the river and get water from ponds or one of three 450 foot wells David dug to ensure water availability. The last major aspect of the Lawson farming operation is the forage support operation. They have a customer base of 60 repeat customers, some of whom prefer a one-time application process and others who prefer separated and/or repeated treatments. When requested, David also interseeds with Rye which provides forage when Bermuda is dormant. He also seeds with Ladino Clover when asked. Finally David uses his GPS to ensure complete and accurate coverage of the fields he works. Three years ago David and Rachelle built a beautiful new home that stands as a symbol of their hard work and independence.

2014 Ford F350 4X4 Dual Rear Wheel - XL, 6.2 Liter, White..................................................................$29,897 2014 Ford F350 4X4 Supercab Single Rear Wheel - Lariat, 6.2 Liter, Black...........................................$41,265 2014 Ford F350 4X4 Single Rear Wheel - XL, 6.2 Liter, Red....................................................................$30,739 2013 Ford F350 4X4 Dual Rear Wheel - XL, 6.2 Liter, White..................................................................$29,796 2014 Ford F350 4X4 - XL, 6.2 Liter, White.................................................................................................$30,674 2014 Ford F350 4X4 Crewcab - Shortbed, Lariat, 6.7 Liter, Red..............................................................$52,917 2013 Ford F350 4X4 Crewcab - Shortbed, XLT, 6.2 Liter, White.............................................................$38,618 2014 Ford F250 4X4 Supercab - Longbed, XLT, 6.2 Liter, White.............................................................$35,875 2014 Ford F150 4X4 Supercab - Stx, 5.0 Liter, Gray..................................................................................$33,226 2014 Ford F150 Supercrew 4X4 - XLT, 5.0 Liter, Brown...........................................................................$38,009 2014 Ford F150 Supercrew 4X4 - Stx, 5.0 Liter, Red..................................................................................$35,542 2014 Ford F150 Supercrew 4X4 - Stx, 5.0 Liter, White..............................................................................$35,689 2013 Ford F150 Supercrew 4X4 - XLT, 5.0 Liter, Black.............................................................................$34,521 2013 Ford F150 Supercrew 4X4 - XLT, 5.0 Liter, Silver.............................................................................$34,929 2013 Ford F150 Supercrew 4X4 - XLT, 3.5 Liter, Red................................................................................$34,940 2014 Ford F150 - Longbed, XL, 3.7 Liter, White........................................................................................$24,256 2014 Ford F150 Supercab - XL, 3.7 Liter, White........................................................................................$28,547 2014 Ford F150 Supercab - XL, 3.7 Liter, White........................................................................................$28,829 2013 Ford F150 - Longbed, XL, 3.7 Liter, White........................................................................................$21,962 2013 Ford F150 - Longbed, XL, 3.7 Liter, White........................................................................................$21,955 2013 Ford F150 4X2 - Longbed, XLT, 3.7 Liter, White..............................................................................$24,696 2013 Ford F150 Supercab - XLT, 3.7 Liter, Silver.......................................................................................$27,634 2013 Ford F150 Supercab - XLT, 3.7 Liter, Silver.......................................................................................$27,634 2013 Ford F150 Supercab - STX, 3.7 Liter, Black.......................................................................................$26,325

pre-owned trucks 1999 Ford F350 Dual Rear Wheel - 6 Speed, Flatbed, 6.8 Liter, Red........................................................$4,950 1997 Ford F250 4x4 Single Rear Wheel - Auto, Flatbed, 7.3 Liter, Tan.....................................................$5,500 1996 Ford F250 4x4 - 5 Speed, 7.3 Liter, Red................................................................................................$4,500 2011 Ford F350 4x4 Crewcab Dual Rear Wheel - Lariat, Deweze, 6.7 Liter, Maroon, 80,621.............$41,500 2011 Ford F450 4x4 Crewcab - XLT, 84” C/A, 6.7 Liter, White, 73,621..................................................$32,500 2008 Ford F250 4x4 Single Rear Wheel - XL, 6 Speed, Deweze, 6.4 Liter, Red, 89,519........................$25,500 2006 Ford F450 Dual Rear Wheel - Service Body, 6.0 Liter, White, 144,345.........................................$12,900 2004 Chevy K3500 4x4 Single Rear Wheel - Deweze, Auto, 6.0 Liter, White, 168,790.........................$18,900 2003 Ford F350 4x4 Supercab - XLT, Hydra-Bed, Auto, 6.0 Liter, Grey, 72,302....................................$20,900 2002 Ford F350 4x4 Dual Rear Wheel - Flatbed, 84” C/A, 7.3 Liter, Red, 160,070.................................$9,500 2002 Ford F350 4x4 Dual Rear Wheel - XL, 6 Speed, Revelator Bed, 7.3 Liter, Gray, 139,951............$17,900 2001 Ford F350 4x4 Dual Rear Wheel - XLT, 6 Speed, 7.3 Liter, White.................................................$11,500 1999 Ford F350 4x4 Crewcab Dual Rear Wheel - XLT, 6 Speed, 7.3 Liter, White, 271,587.................$10,800 2012 Ford F350 4x4 Single Rear Wheel Shortbed - XLT, 6.7 Liter, White, 34,068................................$37,800 2010 Ford F350 4x4 Crewcab Dual Rear Wheel - XLT, Auto, 6.4 Liter, White, 53,750........................$32,500 2009 Ford F350 4x4 Supercab Shortbed - Lariat, 6 Speed, 6.4 Liter, Grey, 76,571................................$30,500 2006 Ford F350 Crewcab Longbed - XL, 6.0 Liter, Red, 171,253.............................................................$10,900 2005 Ford F350 4x4 Crewcab Longbed - Lariat, 6.0 Liter, Stone, 176,487..............................................$15,900 2004 Ford F350 4x4 Crewcab Longbed - XLT, 6.0 Liter, Gray, 92,069....................................................$17,500 2003 Ford F350 4x4 Crewcab Longbed - King Ranch, 6.0 Liter, Green, 137,271..................................$14,900 2001 Ford F350 4x4 Crewcab Longbed - XLT, 7.3 Liter, Gold, 216,651..................................................$14,500 1999 Ford F250 4x4 - Auto w/Lift, 7.3 Liter, White, 180,446...................................................................$16,500 1997 Ford F250 4X4 Supercab - XLT, Shortbed, 5 Speed, 7.3 Liter, Black/White, 193,773....................$8,800 1991 Ford F250 4X4 - XLT, 5 Speed, 351, Black...........................................................................................$4,300 2009 Ford F250 4X4 Crewcab - XLT, Auto, 6.4 Liter, Red, 51,914...........................................................$31,500 2006 Dodge Br2500 4X4 Mega - SLT, Auto, 5.9 Liter H.O., White, 70,324............................................$34,500 2005 Ford F250 4X4 Supercab - Lariat, Auto, 6.0 Liter, Blue, 77,199......................................................$21,900 2005 Ford F250 4X4 Supercab - XLT, 6.0 Liter, Black, 68,820..................................................................$20,500 2004 Ford F250 4X4 Crewcab Shortbed - Lariat, Auto, 6.0 Liter, White, 151,930.................................$17,500 2003 Chevy 2500 HD 4X4 Ext Cab - LT, 6.6 Liter, White, 159,805.........................................................$14,900

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youth in

Responsibilities as Vice-President: “Me and the other two vice-presidents work on a program of activities, which consists of committee reports. We also have to work on a budget; it is a very persistent thing. We have to make a budget for every activity and then a budget for the whole year. We have to do a report for what we think might happen at the activity and then what actually happens at the activity. It’s fun, we don’t make it a chore we make it something we look forward to doing.” You said you are learning organization and responsibility from FFA, are there other benefits? “There is just something that everyone has always seen in me that I really didn’t see in myself until I got into FFA. There is something about the competitiveness of the contest teams and the organization of the officer team. It just brings out the leadership side of me. And I have passion for agriculture and it is just something I am in love with.” Future Plans: “I want to be a pharmacist. And if there is any chance of it, I have also thought of doing pharmaceuticals for animals, like veterinary medicine because I do want to keep in the agriculture field if at all possible. And of course have a farm, with cows, pigs, chickens and a Pygmy hippo. That is something I have a problem with, I want one of every animal.” Story and Photo By Cheryl Kepes

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FEBRUARY 10, 2014


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30

ag-visors

Advice from

the professionals

On Call By Dr. Mike Bloss, DVM

A

bomasal bloat, or abomasitis, is a condition seen in calves less than three weeks old. We have recently seen several cases at our clinic, and unfortunately, most cases are fatal without very rapid intervention. The good news is that good management and preventive measures can all but eliminate this disease. Dr. Mike Bloss, DVM, owns Abomasal bloat is a sporadic disorder seen in and operates Countryside calves, lambs and goat kids. It is characterized by Animal Clinic with his wife, rapid distension of the abdomen, symptoms of Kristen Bloss, DVM. The colic, anorexia, depression and ultimately death. mixed animal practice is Initial symptoms may be a poor appetite and delocated in Aurora, Mo. pressed attitude. This is followed by a rapid distension of the abdomen, which may feel hard when palpated. Calves may lie down and kick at the abdomen, becoming more depressed and appearing severely dehydrated. The course of the disease is rapid-death, which can occur within 4-12 hours from onset. The cause of abomasal bloat is not fully understood, but appears to be the result of multiple factors that bring on the condition. Bacterial overload in the abomasum, combined with a compromised immune system from inadequate colostrum intake and mineral/vitamin deficiencies, and ingestion of foreign bodies such as hair or coarse forage have all been linked to the condition. Vitamin E, selenium and copper deficiencies have been described in cases of abomasal bloat. Bacteria such as Clostridium perfringens Type A and Sarcinia have been linked as causal agents of the disease. C. perfringens produces large amounts of gas and toxins as it reproduces in the stomach, leading to the rapid distension of the abomasum. This bacteria is a part of the normal bacterial population in the stomach; it appears that large volumes of highly fermentable liquids (such as milk) can cause rapid growth in bacterial numbers. Because of the rapid progression of the disease, treatment is often unrewarding. Antitoxin, antibiotics and intravenous fluids can be administered early in the disease process and may help reduce bacterial numbers. Make sure to consult a veterinarian before treatment as this use is off label for these drugs. Deflating the abomasum can be attempted; again, this is something a veterinarian should undertake. Because the rumen is not the source of the gas, passing a stomach tube is unrewarding to relieve the distension. Prevention is the key to controlling and eliminating this disease. There are several areas that need to be addressed. First, evaluate colostrum intake and colostrum quality by testing colostrum for solids and checking serum total protein in calves to test for adequate ingestion and uptake. Consult your veterinarian for methods to evaluate both of these. Total protein levels in calves should be checked 24-72 hours after birth. Second, check mixing technique for milk replacer. This may be the most important factor in preventing abomasal bloat. Follow the label directions for mixing carefully. A good rule of thumb is that water used to mix should be between 105-110 degrees F at mixing and fed as soon as possible so that milk does not become too cool at feeding. It is also important to make sure the total solids concentration is correct. Total solids can be measured with a refractometer and should be 10.5-11 percent. Thirdly, make sure bottles and buckets used for feeding are cleaned daily. Hot, soapy water is the best method to clean feeding utensils.

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

FEBRUARY 10, 2014


the ofn ag-visors

Farm Finance

• Is there a loan on the property? If so, what are the payments and the interest rate?

By Jessica Bailey

It’s a new year, which means new plans, new goals… and new financial statements. Now that 2014 has rolled around, many of us have seen, or will soon see, requests from our lenders for an updated personal financial statement. As a credit analyst, I have seen financial statements of all sorts come across my desk – from the bare minimum to the fully detailed. In all honesty, I am more excited when I see the latter. Why, you ask? The more details to a financial statement, the better job I can do for you, my customer. I view my job as a credit analyst almost as a puzzle solver. I am given multiple financials – tax returns, personal statements, balance sheets, income statements – either to create a new loan proposal and/or to ensure we are assisting our customers to the best of our ability.

The more details I am Cattle given, not only is my • How many momma job made easier, but cows and calves do you quite often I am also own? Do you calve in able to create a betspring, fall or both? ter loan presentation What is the value of than if I were given your cows? Jessica Bailey is a Credit the bare minimum. • Do you own any Analyst in the Agricultural Ok, then what are bulls and what is their Loan Division at Arvest the details I (the credvalue? Bank in Neosho, Mo. it analyst) am looking • Do you have feeder for? I look not at the calves and/or yearlings front page of the financial statement, and what is their value? but at the schedules attached. Crops Real Estate • How much land is rented? Owned? • When was the property purchased and for how much? Have improvements been made? What is the value of the property?

• What crops are grown? • How many acres planted/harvested? • How many bushels are in storage and where (owned/rented)? • How much has been invested in growing crops?

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These are just a couple examples of the schedules and the information that might be required. All this information, while it may seem tedious to many, helps me (the analyst) present a complete picture of your operation to your lender. The more details we have, the better job we can do in assisting you in building and growing your operation to its fullest potential. Additional benefits to you, the farmer/rancher, are that you can see the equity you have built up in your operation and know exactly where you stand financially, and that there is a lesser chance of your lender having to reach out to you multiple times for additional information when you come to him with a request. Detailed financial statements are a win-win for both the agricultural lender and the farmer/rancher. People helping people find financial solutions for life.

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31


farm

help

Making farming a little easier

Creep Grazing Questions Answered By Gary Digiuseppe

Maximize the benefits of high-quality forages for promoting calf performance with creep grazing One of the easiest ways to get started with creep grazing, ac- ing, strip grazing, involves using movable fence to section off a paddock into small cording to Dr. John Jennings, is to use a temporary electric fence. portions, and is often used to maximize available forage during winter or drought. “Set the single polywire high enough so the young calves can go under but the cows Schnakenberg said producers who use this method can let calves get into winter grains, or into an adjacent pasture, before the cow herd can’t,” the University of Arkansas Extension professor and gets there. forage specialist told Ozarks Farm & Neighbor. “The calves “In the summer months,” he said, “usually where they’re will roam into the adjacent paddocks to get the best quality going to get the greatest benefit is when they are at least forage, but will return to the cows.” Typically, the wire will three months of age, and when they’re starting to get more be set at 35-45”. forage into their diet. Then, they can move either into Jennings said winter annuals like wheat and ryegrass can a grass pasture that has not been grazed yet or, ideally, a also be used as creep pastures for calves, as can clover. This legumed field, whether it’s a hay field or a pasture that’s got method maximizes the benefits of the high-quality forage lots of clover in it. You can use clover, alfalfa or lespedeza; for promoting calf performance while keeping cows from those are three very good forages for this use.” Schnakenbecoming too fat. berg cited his colleague, University of Missouri Extension Under creep grazing, the producer creates a grazing area southwest region livestock specialist Eldon Cole at Mt. for calves separate from that of the cows, in order to proVernon, Mo., who said straight legume grazing is not going vide the calves higher quality forage. It “probably isn’t used to hurt three month old calves – “It’s when they get older as much as it should be,” said Tim Schnakenberg, Univerand you have several hundred pound calves that are closer sity of Missouri southwest region agronomy specialist at to weaning, that you start having problems with bloat.” the Stone County office in Galena, Mo. And calves can be kept on creep grazing all the way to, Schnakenberger told OFN if the fence is poor, calves and even beyond, weaning. “If you have the opportunity have a tendency to creep graze on their own. If it’s not, to do it, it’s probably going to be a much cheaper way to he recommended the producer give them that opportunity. put weight on those calves than if you’re buying sacks of “Have little creep gates set up,” he suggested. “They only feed,” Schnackenberg said. “Fall calving herds are probneed to be 16-18” wide and 3’ tall; adjustable bars on the ably a good fit for creep grazing, simply because by the top end would be handy if you’re building another gate for time the calves are ready to start grazing the good grass them to get across to another field. It’s a rather simple thing is coming on strong in the spring. But if you have some to do; they will eventually get back to their momma. They spring calving herds, there’s still going to be some good won’t stay there very long, but they’ll stay long enough to creep grazing after the dry weather hits in the fall, so they get some benefit out of it.” can benefit from some of those legumes in the fall, or even The success of the grazing method depends upon the wheat and rye. There’s usually a niche for most cow herds availability of better quality pastures than the pasture Source: Making Safe, Affordable and Abundant Food a Global Reality, Jeff Simmons where you can make this work.” the cattle are already in. Another form of managed graz-

Efficient Farming

what do you say? What types of grazing management do you use on your farm? FEBRUARY 10, 2014

“We use rotational grazing to get more cows per acre and in return the cows are easier to manage. We also use warm-season pastures in July and August to extend summer grazing.” Steve Greene Greene County

“I kind of rotate pastures. I use four or five pastures that run through a valley with a spring. I watch the pastures to ascertain which pastures I should turn the cattle into. My goats just graze wherever they want.” Danny Frye McDonald County

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farm help

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The Dirt on Cover Crops By Pete Bradshaw

Cover crops are the key to present and future soil health Continuing concerns with soil ganisms. We can recover some of that conservation, weed control and quality through the use of cover crops.” An acre of soil has about 1,200 pounds environmental impact created by herbicides were addressed by Tim of soil microbes which is about the size of Reinbott, MU Bradford’s research farm a cow. “If you think of feeding the soil like superintendent, with his talk on Cover feeding that ‘cow’ for a profit we want to Crop Management. Addressing the audi- feed that ‘cow’ all year long,” noted Reinence of this year’s Barton County Soils bott. How does one fatten up that ‘cow’ and Crops Conference in Lamar, Mo., without barraging the soil with chemicals and preventing losses Reinbott gave an overfrom erosion? view of cover crops, exThe clue lies in the plained some of the good past with Missouri’s napoints in implementing tive prairies that concover crops while touchtained a tremendous ing areas to approach amount of biological with caution. “I wanted activity going on in also to show them that the soil simply because what I’ve learned with there was something althe best methods and ways growing. That acwhat I’ve messed up on tivity leads to maintainas well if they want to ing active carbon which experiment with them,” is often overlooked in he said. “Missouri farmers are still the big picture. “Even A hundred years of paying for the problems though it’s winter, tilling the land accounts created in improper tillfor an accumulated loss age tillage done as much plants are actually growing a little bit, there’s of approximately one as over 100 years ago.” compounds released by foot of topsoil through – Tim Reinbott, the roots, there’s turn erosion. However that MU Bradford Research over and it really feeds is not the worst of it Center Superintendent those microorganisms,” said Reinbott, organic matter that aids in nutrient cycling, he explained, “We’ve really gotten away retaining and filtering water and main- from that in the last 40 years.” There are many cover crop options to taining a beneficial soil structure has become a casualty. “Missouri farmers eliminate or at least minimize the need are still paying for the problems cre- to till while feeding the soil and liveated in improper tillage done as much stock. Studies by the University of Ohio as over 100 years ago,” said Reinbott in have shown by using tillage radish as a cover crop soil compaction decreases his opening comments. “I can remember as a kid in the spring by 40 percent or more. MU’s College of when you tilled the soil it had a special Agriculture, Food and Natural Resourcaroma to it,” explained Reinbott, “I es has also proven by implementing cehaven’t smelled that lately in the last real rye as well aids to loosen soil. Loose 20 or 25 years, because we’ve kept till- soil means significant increases in root ing the soil we’ve lost a lot of those good growth and density, while paving the qualities it once had like soil microor- way for higher water infiltration levels.

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

FEBRUARY 10, 2014


farm help Replenishing soil with nutrients for crops while rebuilding a healthy level of organic matter producers can have choices within legumes and non-legumes as cover crops. Reinbott touched on three popular legumes: crimson clover, Australian winter pea and hairy vetch. Reinbott does caution the use of hairy vetch as it can easily become a two-edged sword. “Some wheat producers have used hairy vetch as their solution only to find that it may crop up at harvest time,” he explained, “If that should happen you could end up losing money as hairy vetch seeds can become harvested with the wheat.” In the non-legumes cover crop varieties, Reinbott continued to demonstrate potential benefits from using cereal rye, oats and triticale, a wheat and cereal rye hybrid. He noted that cereal rye provides excellent benefits with return on investment (ROI), being winter hardy, suppressing weeds and also plays nice with legumes. He did stress it is important to avoid using ryegrass because of its inherent problematic traits. Reinbott warned, “Ryegrass can become a weed

issue overnight and since it is resistant to the best herbicides it is tough to get rid of.” Like baseball no one hits a grand slam their first time on base unless they are really lucky and it is the same with cover crops. The first step toward a successful season is to understand that cover crops need to be managed like any other primary crop said Reinbott. He added, “You really want to think about what you want to use and why you want to use it. “Also you need to think about how you are going to get rid of it, because you have to kill it one way or the other. Whether it is from winter kill or coming back using herbicides, are you going to mow it, and you have to think of when you want to do this. You have to pick the cover crop to fit what you want.” Reinbott summarized, “What I like about this is it fits modern, conventional agriculture, or if folks want to be more sustainable it will work all the way to organic methods. It’s really a long-term investment. Yes, we get some short term in the first year to three years, but the long term it even gets better.”

February Forage Tips • Strip graze any remaining stockpiled forage to extend grazing days. • Limited grazing of winter annuals will improve animal nutrition, extend hay supplies, and allow use of limited high quality forage. • Clover and lespedeza can be overseeded during February into shortgrazed fescue pastures. Inoculate seed. Consider strip or stripe seeding in difficult areas. Make sure soil test is good enough for clover. • Implement a winter annual weed control program. • To promote earlier greenup and grazing of fescue and winter annuals, fertilize specific pastures in February for grazing in March. Other pastures can be fertilized in March for spring. But don’t apply N fertilizer where clovers are overseeded or where good clover stands exist. • Start rotational grazing at greenup. Don’t let cows chase green grass over the entire farm since that will delay significant growth and sustained grazing even longer. • Soil sampling of pastures: If you were not able to test soil fertility in fall, do so now to avoid fertility shortfalls once temperatures rise and forage begins to grow at a faster rate. Soil samples can be obtained easily and testing them is free. • Apply burn-down herbicide to dormant bermudagrass: This is very important for keeping bermudagrass pastures clean of broadleaf weeds. Herbicide of choice is glyphosate. Source: February 2014 Beef Cattle Tips, University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture Cooperative Extension Service

FEBRUARY 10, 2014

Serving More Than 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri

35


farm help

Planning Your Planting By Myron Hartzell

A guide to seeding rates, dates and depths for common Missouri Forages

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Planting a new forage crop involves more than just spreading seed on the ground. The first step in deciding what forage species you need to plant is to decide what management care you will give it. Just as a luxury car will not hold up to farm truck use, many nice to have species will not endure rugged survivalist management. Too often we wish for and throw in some of this or that but have not made a commitment to the fertility, grazing control, cutting heights, etc., that reduce stress on the plants. Plants that are already weakened due to mismanagement stand little chance of making it through that next drought or competing with the weeds that get the upper hand. The Ozarks is in the tall fescue and bluegrass belt because those species are able to survive the management style too often given. However, several other cool and warm season species can do well for us, if we remove harsh management stress and it only has to survive Mother Nature. This is evidenced in the fact that many well managed grazing systems naturally develop more diversity of species without seeding when the management favors all species. Once you’ve decided what to plant, you can proceed with how to plant it. Application of nutrients, seed placement, timing and competition control are all important in a successful establishment. Improper conditions leave the seedling environment only as strong as its weakest link. New seedlings not only have to cope with the stress of getting established, but often have to endure whatever made the existing stand weak in the first place. Change is necessary in order to avoid repeating the failure. Supplying the proper nutrients for the new seedlings begins with a good soil test rather than a guess. This will tell you

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

where your fertilizer dollar is best spent and how near optimum the levels are for the plants desired. Lime to correct soil acidity should be applied up to six months ahead of seeding or be well incorporated with soil particles during seedbed preparation. Fertilizer should be applied up to three months prior to seeding except for nitrogen. Nutrients placed on the surface at seeding do not help the seedling. The roots are below the nutrients and the seedling dies before nutrients have time to work down to the root zone for uptake. Seeds can be drilled or broadcast and seedbeds can be worked or not. Seeding rates are usually adjusted to account for the combination of seeding methods you have chosen. Drills provide more accurate seed metering and depth placement if in good condition and attention is paid to what the equipment is doing. No-till drilling is a good option if the ground is already smooth and you take the necessary steps to account for nutrient placement and competition control. It is not just a shortcut to save time. Rough surface ground should have a worked seedbed to smooth, so you will be more inclined to maintain the future stand. In general, seeds should be placed at 2 to 3 times the seed diameter in good contact with the soil particles. One quarter to three eighths inch works well for most cool season grasses and legumes. See associated table for common species and pure live seed (pls) rates to measure quantity and quality. There are basically three good months for seeding in southern Missouri. January for dormant seeding on the surface, works for legume seeds because freezing and thawing allows the smooth, heavy seeds to work into the ground. This is not as good for the lighter grass seeds which tend to remain on the surface, except for most warm season grasses which FEBRUARY 10, 2014


farm help need to be kept very shallow anyway. April for spring seeding allows enough seedling development to endure summer heat. This is good for all seeding types. September for fall seeding gives enough seedling development to survive freezing. Warm season plants such as lespedeza and warm season grasses should never be fall seeded. Controlling competition for the new seedlings is crucial to their survival. Existing endophyte infected tall fescue is almost never killed without chemical use. Its rugged survivalist nature is what made it popular. Tillage will control

most other vegetation with a light discing desirable for legume interseeding. New weed seeds that sprout along with the forages need to have the canopy sprayed, clipped or flash grazed to prevent shading and robbing of moisture and nutrients. Given the proper procedures without cutting corners, seeding usually succeeds. As my father always advised me, “anything worth doing is worth doing well or don’t waste the effort.” Myron Hartzell, NRCS Grassland Specialist at the Dallas County Service Center in Buffalo, Mo.

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Species - at 100% rates. For mixes use portion desired in final stand. Legumes typically interseeded at 50% into existing grass stand.

Drilled Rate PLS/Ac

Broadcast Rate PLS/Ac

Erosion Wildlife Wet Soil Drought Control Habitat Tolerance Tolerance

Be Sure To Mention Discount Code

COOL SEASON LEGUMES Alsike Clover Ladino Clover Red Clover Alfalfa

4.0 3.8 7.6 9.4

6.0 5.6 11.4 14.1

Good Good Fair Fair Poor

Good Fair Fair Excellent

High Medium None None

Low Low Low High

Excellent

Low

High

Low None None Medium High Low Low

Low Medium Low Low Medium Medium High

Low

Low

Low Medium None Medium Low None None High

High High High Medium Medium High Medium Medium

1012

WARM SEASON LEGUMES Common Lespedeza

9.4

14.1

COOL SEASON GRASSES Kentucky Bluegrass Orchardgrass Perennial Ryegrass Redtop Reed Canarygrass Smooth Brome Tall Fescue

2.8 5.3 9.1 2.1 6.0 10.0 10.0

4.1 7.9 13.7 3.2 9.0 15.0 15.0

Timothy

3.9

5.8

Good Good Fair Excellent Poor Good Good Good Excellent Poor Excellent Fair Excellent Poor Good

Excellent

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WARM SEASON GRASSES Bermudagrass Big Bluestem Oldworld Bluestem Eastern Gamagrass Indiangrass Little Bluestem Sideoats Grama Switchgrass

FEBRUARY 10, 2014

2.6 10.0 3.1 10.0 9.8 8.0 9.4 5.9

3.9 15.0 4.7 15.0 14.6 12.0 14.1 8.8

Excellent Poor Fair Good Good Poor Poor Good Fair Excellent Good Excellent Good Excellent Good Good

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Best Quality And Best Service Is Our Goal!!!

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Serving More Than 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri

37


farm help

Why Seedlings Fail

Your One Stop Shop For Steel Fence and More! Sp ecial Pr 2 7/8” icing Use $ 70 d Pipe 1 /ft.

ADJUSTABLE ALLEYWAYS & CROWDING TUBS

By Gary Digiuseppe

Ag-Lime Reduces The Occurence of Certain Acid Loving Weeds & Acts As A Natural Irritant to Insects. Why use Conco vs. other aglimes? Conco aglime is low in magnesium and has up to 98% calcium. It’s great for Ozarks area soils.

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5, 6 & 7 Bar, Custom Sizes, Latches or Hinges

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Sat., Feb. 22, 2014, 9:30 a.m. Futurity Show

Sun., Feb. 23, 2014 Futurity Sale • 11 a.m. Selling 90 Lots: 60 Females • 30 Bulls All bulls sell with a first breeding season guarantee.

Checkerhill Carlos 223 A full brother to last years Grand champion and top selling Futurity bull, this son of Final Product is in the top 5% for Milk and $W.

Meyer Ruby 1353 An outstanding July show heifer prospect by 74-51 Raven, she is stout made and very stylish.

38

Clearwater Barracuda 2203

Hunters Mercedes Jewel 235

A NJAS Res Div Champ, this calving A phenomenal daughter of Eagle ease son of Upshot records a YW Eye and a maternal sister to the Res and $B, both over a +100. His flush Supreme Female at the Tulsa State brother and sister sell as well. Fair, due in Sept. to Dameron First Impression.

Sale Sponsored by the Missouri Angus Association For additional information or to request a sale book contact: Josh Worthington • 417-844-2601 417-995-3000 worthington@missouriangus.org Wes Tiemann, Regional Manager • 816-244-4462 View the entire sale book online at www.missouriangus.org

Avoid these mistakes for seeding success When reseeding forages, one of the most common mistakes made by producers is… wait for it… timing. That’s according to Tim Schnakenberg, University of Missouri southwest region agronomy specialist at the Stone County office in Galena, Mo. “I’d much rather be too early than too late,” Schnakenberg told Ozarks Farm & Neighbor. “It’s common for us to take longer than we planned to get around to it, or the weather doesn’t cooperate, and we haven’t pre-planned far enough in advance to get it all done.” For example, Schnakenberg said coolseason grasses like fescue, orchardgrass and bromegrass should be planted in early September. “If you start getting much later – if you go into October, for example – you may not get as much of an opportunity to get the root to develop well enough going into the winter,” he said. If you’re unable to sow cool-season grass in the fall, Schnackenberg said the next best time would be late February or early March. “As you get much later than that, weed competition becomes a real issue,” he said. A second common mistake is the failure to achieve critical seed to soil contact. Schnakenberg said that can be the result of having too much residue on the surface, not having the drill set right, or using colters that are dull or not set correctly. He said, “These drills will wear out, particularly in our rocks, and having the drill set correctly where it can no-till into the ground and get the seed where it needs to be without hairpinning residue as you go into the ground with it, and you can get the seed-soil contact, is very critical.” Planting depth is also very important. Schnakenberg said in most cases, both cool- and warm-season forages should be sown no more than 1/4” deep. A good drill will sometimes deposit the seed as much as 1/2” deep, and that causes problems. He

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

added with really small seeds like native warm-season grasses, the producer is better off having a few on top than having them so deep that none are visible. Dr. John Jennings, University of Arkansas Extension professor and forage specialist, also recommends producers assess the fertility levels in their fields. “Soil tests for all pastures will be extremely helpful,”  Jennings told OFN. He also advised against planting clover where fertility is too low, or planting cheap seed or unadapted varieties. Jennings said producers should assess the stand first to see if it can be managed for recovery without replanting. Competition should be reduced; he said, “Simply spreading a little seed over a weedy field hoping something good will happen has a high chance of failure.” And another cause of failure is overgrazing new seedlings before they are well established. “Overgrazing weakens plants, causing them to develop shortened root systems,” Jennings said. Sometimes, of course, the producer does everything right but Mother Nature intervenes. According to Schnakenberg, if the seed is planted on time into dry ground and receives just enough rain to germinate it, subsequent rains will be needed to prevent the seedlings from dying out. “A quarter-inch rain will sometimes be just enough for a seed that’s set 1/8-1/4” down to germinate it, but if no rainfall events follow that quarter-inch you’re looking at a potential loss of seedlings,” he said. “That’s something that we can’t predict; we can’t ‘not plant,’ because timing is important.” How do you know if it took? “If you’re drilling it, the drill rows make it a little bit easier to tell, because there should be some healthy, well-defined drill rows going into the winter,” he said. “You just have to walk the entire field and see what you’ve got; watch for large skips, and large areas that are not covered.” FEBRUARY 10, 2014


ozarks’ farm February 2014 11 Soil Health Workshop – 9 a.m.-4 p.m. – Bates Co. Fairgrounds, Youth Building, Butler, Mo. – 660-679-4167 11 Forage Production Meeting – 7 p.m. – Stockton Christian Church, Stockton, Mo. – 417-276-3313 11-12 Missouri Pork Expo – Holiday Inn Executive Center, Columbia, Mo. – 573-445-8375 12 IPM for Produce Auctions – Lamar, Mo. – 417-682-3579 12 Fresh Produce Pest Management Workshop – 8:45 a.m.-3 p.m. – Thiebaud Auditorium, Lamar, Mo. – Register by Feb. 10 – $10 – 417-682-3579 13 Ozark Co. Private Pesticide Applicator – 6 p.m.-9 p.m. – Gainesville Lions Club, Gainesville, Mo. – Register – 417-679-3525 13 Laclede Co. Private Pesticide Applicator Training – 2 p.m. – Laclede Co. Extension Office, Lebanon, Mo. – $12 – 417-532-7126 13 Laclede Co. Private Pesticide Applicator Training – 6 p.m. – Laclede Co. Extension Office, Lebanon, Mo. – $12 – 417-532-7126 14 Pruning Workshop – 5:30 p.m. – Bond Learning Center, Springfield, Mo. – 417-766-8711 14 Adding Fruit to Your Farm Workshop – Springfield, Mo. – 417-881-8909 14-16 Missouri Farm Bureau Young Farmers & Ranchers – Tan-Tar-A Resort, Lake of the Ozarks, Mo. – 573-893-1400 14-16 Lawn & Garden Show – 9 a.m. –6 p.m. – Ozark Empire Fairgrounds, Springfield, Mo. – 417-833-2660 15 Phelps Co. 4-H All You Can Eat Chili Supper – 5 p.m. – Rolla Fairgrounds, Rolla, Mo. – $5 – 573-458-6260 15-16 6th Annual Hunt & Fish Outdoor Show – Springfield Expo Center, Springfield, Mo. – 417-864-7887 18 Wright Co. Private Pesticide Training – 1 p.m. – Mountain Grove, Mo. – 417-741-6134 18 Monett Beef Cattlemen’s Conference – 4 p.m. – Monett National Guard Armory, Monett, Mo. – 417-466-3102 18 Monett Dairy Day – 10:30 a.m.-2:30 p.m. – Monett National Guard Armory, Monett, Mo. – 417-847-3161 18 Forage Production Meeting – 7 p.m. – Osceola First Baptist Church, Osceola, Mo. – 417-646-2419 18-4/1 Master Gardening Core Training – 6 p.m.-9 p.m. – Botanical Center, Springfield, Mo. – Every Tuesday & Thursday thru April 1 – 417-881-8909 18-4/8 Master Gardening Core Training – Carthage, Mo. – 417-358-2158 19 Show-Me-Select Heifer Meeting- 7 p.m. – Lawrence Co. Extension Center, Courthouse, Mt. Vernon, Mo. – 417-466-3102 19 Soil Management Advanced – 5:30 p.m. – Bond Learning Center, Springfield, Mo. – 417-766-8711 20 Stone Co. Livestock & Forage Conference – 6 p.m.-9 p.m. – Crane Baptist Church, Crane, Mo. – Pre-register by Feb. 17 – 417-357-6812 20 Food Safety & Production Practices for Farmers – Bolivar, Mo. – 417-326-4916 20 Howell Co. Private Pesticide Applicator Training – 6 p.m.-8:30 p.m. – Howell Co. Extension Office, West Plains, Mo. – Register by Feb. 19 – 417-256-2391 20 Wright Co. Private Pesticide Training – 6:30 p.m. – Hartville, Mo. – 417-741-6134 21 FFA Booster Club Chili Dinner & Silent Auction & Labor Auction – 5 p.m. – Knights of Columbus, Camdenton, Mo. – 573-480-0963 21 Hay Production Workshop – 1 p.m.-5 p.m. – Bates Co. Museum, Butler, Mo. – Pre-register by Feb. 19 – $15 – 660-679-4167 21 Missouri Blueberry School – Darr Agricultural Center, Springfield, Mo. – 417-881-8909 – mcgowank@missouri.edu FEBRUARY 10, 2014

calendar

21-23 53rd Annual Western Farm Show – 9 a.m. – American Royal Building, Kansas City, Mo. – 816-561-5323 22 Polk Co. 4-H Soup, Supper & Pie Auction – 6 p.m. – Elks Lodge, Bolivar, Mo. – 417-326-4916 22 Missouri Blueberry School Farm Tour – Springfield, Mo. – 417-881-8909 – mcgowank@missouri.edu 24 Commercial Gardening Seminar – 8:30 a.m.-4 p.m. – Polk Co. Library, Bolivar, Mo. – 417-326-4916 25 Missouri Dairy Profit Seminar – 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. – Springfield Livestock Marketing Center, Springfield, Mo. – RSVP – $20 – 417-847-3161 25 30th Annual Southwest Missouri Spring Forage Conference – 8 a.m. – University Plaza Hotel, Springfield, Mo. – Pre-register by Feb. 18 for discount – 417-831-5246, x. 3 26 Missouri Dairy Profit Seminar – 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. – MSU State Fruit Research Station, Mountain Grove, Mo. – RSVP – $20 – 417-741-6134 26 Bates Co. Private Pesticide Applicator Training – 2 p.m. – Bates Co. Health Department, Butler, Mo. – 660-679-4167 27 Missouri Fencing & Boundary Laws Class – 6:30 p.m.-9 p.m. – Bates Co. Extension Office, Butler, Mo. – Pre-register by Feb. 26 – $10 – 660-679-4167 27 Right to Farm – Bond Learning Center, Springfield, Mo. – 417-837-2500 27 Polk Co. Private Pesticide Applicator Training – 6 p.m. – CMH Meeting Room, Bolivar, Mo. – 417-326-4916 27 Hickory Co. Ag Conference – 6 p.m. – McCarty Senior Center, Wheatland, Mo. – 417-745-6767 27 Taney Co. Livestock & Forage Conference – 6 p.m.-9 p.m. – Forsyth High School, Forsyth, Mo. – Pre-register – 417-546-4431 March 2014 1 Soils & Crops Conference – 9 a.m. – O’Bannon Community Building, Buffalo, Mo. – 417-345-7551 1 Pruning Workshop – 8:30 a.m.-Noon – Pavilion of State Fruit Experiment Station, Mountain Grove, Mo. – 417-547-7500 1-2 Southern Missouri Home Builders Association Home & Garden Show – West Plains Civic Center, West Plains, Mo. – 417-256-2422 3 Dallas Co. Private Pesticide Applicator Training – 6 p.m. – O’Bannon Bank Meeting Room, Buffalo, Mo. – 417-345-7551 3 Grape Pruning Workshop –Moore-Few Meeting Room, Nevada, Mo. – Register by Feb. 28 – 417-448-2560 3 Annie’s Project – 6 p.m.-9 p.m. – Greene Co. Extension Center, Springfield, Mo. – 417-881-8909 3-5/26 Potting Shed University – 6:30 p.m.-7:30 p.m. – Springfield, Mo. – 417-881-8909 4 Hickory Co. Private Pesticide Applicator Training – 6 p.m. – Hickory Co. Extension Center Meeting Room, Hermitage, Mo. –Register by Feb. 25 – 417-745-6767 4 Cedar Co. Private Pesticide Applicator Training – 6 p.m. – Cedar Co. Health Complex, Stockton, Mo. – 417-276-3313 4 Webster Co. Private Pesticide Applicator Training – 1 p.m.-4 p.m. – Webster Co. Extension Center, Marshfield, Mo. – 417-859-2044 5 Making the Most From Your Market Stall – Springfield, Mo. – 417-881-8909 6 Vernon Co. Private Pesticide Applicator Training – 6 p.m. – Fairgrounds Diner, Nevada, Mo. – 417-448-2560 7 St. Clair Co. Private Pesticide Applicator Training – 10 a.m. – First Baptist Church, Osceola, Mo. – 417-646-2419 8 Spring Gardening Workshop – Faith Lutheran Church, Branson, Mo. – Preregister – $8 – 417-546-4431

Serving More Than 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri

39


ozarks’

auction block

February 2014 15 GV Limousin Annual Bull & Female Sale – Garnett, Kan. – 785-448-3708 15 Byergo Angus Production Sale – Savannah, Mo. – 816-261-7132 15 Overmiller Gelbvieh & Red Angus Annual Production Sale – Smith Center, Kan. – 785-389-3522 22 Seedstock Plus North Missouri Bull Sale – Kingsville, Mo. – 877-486-1160 22 Smithson Farms Annual Black Herefords Sale – La Plato, Mo. – 660-651-5877 22-23 Missouri Angus Breeders Futurity – Columbia, Mo. – 417-995-3000 25 Mill Creek Ranch Production Sale – Alma, Kan. – 785-449-2841 28 Cow Camp Ranch – Lost Springs, Kan. – 785-965-7168 March 2014 1 Judd Ranch 36th Annual Gelbvieh, Balancer & Red Angus Bull Sale – Pomona, Kan. – 785-566-8371 1 Mead Farms Angus, Hereford, Red Angus & Charolais Bull Sale – Versailles, Mo. – 573-216-0210 1 Brown Land & Cattle Online Sale – Diamond, Mo. – 417-438-2519 1 Flying H Genetics Nebraska Bull Sale – Arapahoe, Neb. – 308-493-5411 4 Jindra Angus Annual Bull & Heifer Sale – Creighton Livestock Market, Creighton, Neb. – 402-920-3170 7 Windy Hill Charolais Farms & Guest 17th Annual Gateway – Getaway Production Sale – Arrowhead Sale Facility, Cedar Hill, Mo. – 314-550-2554 7 Express Ranches Bull Sale – Yukon, Okla. – 405-350-0044 8 Red Alliance 13th Annual Spring Production Sale – Heart of Oklahoma Expo Center, Shawnee, Okla. – 903-348-2138 8 Jac’s Ranch Spring Bull Sale – at the Ranch, Bentonville, Ark. – 479-366-1759 8 Galaxy Beef Spring Production Sale – Maryville, Mo. – 660-582-1334 8 Heart of the Ozarks Angus Assn. Spring Sale – West Plains, Mo. – 417-995-3000 8 J Bar M, J&K Farms and Hilltop Farms Gelbvieh Bull Sale – Springfield Livestock Marketing Center, Springfield, Mo. – 417-437-5250 8 Wright Charolais 7th Annual Bull Sale – at the farm, Kearney, Mo. – 785-672-3195 8 Salyers & Sons Salers Cattleman’s Kind Production Sale – at the farm, Billings, Mo. – 417-744-2025 or 353-4703 8 Four States Classic Spring Turnout – 1 p.m. – Hope Livestock, Hope, Ark. – 870-703-4345 8 Nichols Farm Private Treaty Bull Sale – at the farm, Lamar, Mo. – 417-214-0290 9 Shepherd Hills Cattle Company Production Sale – Lebanon, Mo. – 417-588-8316 11 Bar Arrow Cattle Company 24th Annual Production Sale – Phillipsburg, Kan. – 785-543-5177 13 McCurry Angus Ranch Bull Sale – Burton, Kan. – 620-727-5197 14 Weigand Grain & Livestock Production Sale – Warrensburg, Mo. – 417-995-3000 14 Bar S Ranch 24th Annual Bull Sale – Paradise, Kan. – 785-998-4335

40

14 15 15

Wann Ranch Production Sale – Poteau, Okla. – 918-658-8471 Flying H Genetics Missouri Bull Sale – Lowry City, Mo. – 417-309-0062 Cattlemen’s Choice Black & Red Simmental and SimAngus Production Sale – Fredonia, Kan. – 620-437-2211 15 Pinegar Limousin Herd builder XX Sale – Springfield, Mo. – 417-732-1871 15 Brinkley Angus Ranch Production Sale – Green City, Mo. – 660-265-3877 15 Circle A Angus Production Sale – Iberia, Mo. – 573-443-0006 15 KiamichiLink Ranch Bull Sale – Finley, Okla. – 580-298-5150 15 Molitor Angus Farm – Zenda, Kan. – 620-243-6335 15 NE Arkansas Angus Assn. Sale – Charlotte, Ark. – 662-837-4904 15 Nipp Charolais 5th Annual Bull Sale – Red River Livestock, Ardmore, Okla. – 931-842-1234 15 Peterson Farms Charolais 21st Annual Tope Pick Bull Sale – Mtn. Grove, Mo. – 870-897-5037 15 Falling Timber Farm Bull Selection Day – Marthasville,Mo. – 636-358-4161 16 April Valley Farm PT Bull & Female Sale – St. Joseph, Mo. – 913-682-4376 16 Missouri Simmental Assn. Spring Production Sale – Chillicothe, Mo. – 660-275-4436 17 Green Springs Bull Test – Mo-Kan Livestock, Passaic, Mo. – 417-448-4853 17 Hinkle’s Prime Cut Angus 12th Annual Production Sale – Nevada, Mo. – 417-448-4127 17 B&D Herefords and Beran Bros. Angus Spring Production Sale – at the Ranch, Claflin, Kan. – 21 Marshall & Fenner Angus Bull & Female Sale – Marshall, Mo. – 580-541-3361 22 Pollard Farms 15th Annual Bull & Commercial Female Sale – Waukomis, Okla. – 580-541-3361 22 Oklahoma Sooner Select Sale – McAlester, Okla. – 405-742-0774 22 Aschermann Charolais Bull Sale – at the Ranch, Carthage, Mo. – 417-358-7879 22 Professional Beef Genetics Production Sale – Montrose, Mo. – 816-359-8370 22 Maplewood Acres Spring Bull & Commercial Female Sale – Missouri State Fairgrounds, Sedalia, Mo. – 660-826-1880 23 Magness Land & Cattle Limousin Bull Sale – Miami, Okla. – 402-350-3447 23 C/S Cattle Company Production Sale – Pomona, Mo. – 417-995-3000 25 GENETRUST Brangus & Ultra Black Bull Sale – Eureka, Kan. – 620-583-3706 www.GENETRUST.com 27 Sweiger Farms Spring Production Sale – Weatherby, Mo. – 816-449-5640 29 Shoal Creek Land & Livestock “The Gathering” – Excelsior Springs, Mo. – 816-336-4200 29 4-Jay Land & Cattle Production Sale – Waynesville, Mo. – 573-528-1215 29 Dickinson Simmental & Angus Ranch Production Sale – Gorham, Kan. – 1-888-603-2855 29 Seedstock Plus South Missouri Bull & Female Sale – Joplin, Mo. – 1-877-486-4460 31 All Breed Tested Bull Sale – Springfield Livestock, Springfield, Mo. – 417-345-8330

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

FEBRUARY 10, 2014


Cattlemen’s Seedstock Directory Angus

4R Farms - Republic, MO 417-869-1462 - 417-844-4929 - w.4rfarmslowlines.com Clearwater Farm - Springfield, MO - 417-732-8552 417-732-2707 Day Cattle Co. - Marshfield, MO 417-224-2357 - 417-988-8589 Mead Farms - Barnett, MO 573-216-0210 - 573-216-3845

Balancers

Bob Harriman Genetics Montrose, MO - 660-492-2504 Hilltop Farms - Asbury, MO 417-642-5871 - 417-529-0081

Beefmasters

Loftin Beefmasters - Nixa, MO 417-725-2527 Jerry Glor Beefmasters Springfield, MO - 417-840-6471 Mead Farms - Barnett, MO 573-216-0210 - 573-216-3845

Charolais

Beiswinger Charolais Ranch Halfway, MO - 417-253-4304 Mead Farms - Barnett, MO 573-216-0210 - 573-216-3845 S&J Charolais - LaRussell, MO 417-246-1116

Gelbvieh

4AR Simmental/Gelbvieh Conway, MO - 589-3193 Bob Harriman Genetics Montrose, MO - 660-492-2504 Hilltop Farms - Asbury, MO 417-642-5871 - 417-529-0081

Herefords Jim D. Bellis - Aurora, MO 417-678-5467 - 417-466-8979 Journagan Ranch - Mtn. Grove, MO - 417-948-2669 Mead Farms - Barnett, MO 573-216-0210 - 573-216-3845 R&L Polled Herefords -Halfway, MO - 417-445-2461 417-445-2643

Limousin

Locust Grove Limousin - Miller, MO - 417-452-2227 Pinegar Limousin - Springfield, MO - 877-PINEGAR

Red Angus

Dunseth Farm - Halfway, MO 417-445-2256

Salers

Dunseth Farm - Halfway, MO 417-445-2256

Shorthorn

Ron Sneed Shorthorns - Sedalia, MO - 660-620-1718 www.robsneedshorthorns.com

Sim/Angus

Bob Harriman Genetics Montrose, MO - 660-492-2504

Simmental

4AR Simmental/Gelbvieh Conway, MO - 417-589-3193

Call Today to Place Your Purebred Corral Ad!

1-866-532-1960

FEBRUARY 10, 2014

Buildings

Fencing

Knock Out Roof Leaks!

Commercial Opportunities, Renew Rusted Metal, Flat Shingle Roofs, Silos, Arena & Factories, Etc.

573-489-9346

Sample: azteccollc@ socket.net 2/10/14

Dogs For Sale

BIRD DOGS

English & Llewellin Setter Puppies, White Oak Kennels, Lebanon, Mo. English Setters Will Be Ready for Fall Hunting. Kevin Coffman • Lebanon, MO

417-718-8723

TFN

Farm Equipment

Hay

Richards

Portable Welding See Us For All Your Pipe Fencing Needs!

From Corners To Corrals We’re Your Pipe Fencing Specialists! We are now an area dealer & installer for livestock waterers!

1-800-223-1312

www.balerbeltsandhaybeds.com 2/10/14

Chicken Litter Mullings Farms

417-840-1106

Farm Improvement

Central Boiler OUTDOOR WOOD FURNACE. Safe, clean, efficient, WOOD HEAT.

Propane Prices Got You Install a Boiler Today & Save!

Financing Available!

855-869-AESO • 417-849-0993 www.aeso.me • terry@aeso.me 2/10/14

417-664-4264

2/10/14

Davis Farms

When Quality Counts & You Want It Done Right, Call Richard!

Fertilizer

All belts made in the USA!

Heating

Donald Farm & Lawn

2/10/14

2/10/14

JD w/genuine JD plate fasteners. CANNONBALL HAY/DUMP BEDS

417-693-3720

Wheat Straw • $3 2nd Cutting Mixed Grass $5.50 Small Square Bales

935-4303 • 234-0634

Baler Belts for All Balers

Hay For Sale

All classes of round stock cattle hay Big, square dairy & horse hay quality available Can deliver & custom hauling available!

Heating

417-664-0743 Quantity Discounts! 3/24/14

3x3x8 Square Bales Prairie Hay Delivery Available Asbury, MO

417-529-0081 417-529-7556

2/10/14

2/10/14

TANK COATINGS ROOF COATINGS

Available for metal, composition shingles or tar roofs. Long lasting and easy to apply. We also manufacture tank coatings for concrete, rock, steel, galvanized and mobile tanks. Virden Perma-Bilt Co.

806-352-2761 www.virdenproducts.com 2/10/14

Annual Farm & Ranch

Give me a call today to

Consignment Auction

Get More From Your Hay & Pasture Pure Chicken Manure (No Litter) and Ag Lime

Sales & Spreading

Get Spotted With Color

Serving SW Missouri

Rain Date: Saturday • April 5 • 9 AM

Held at Diamond S Arena • Bolivar, MO

One of Missouri’s Largest Annual Equipment Consignment Auctions!

g Expectin 0 0 5 , Over 1 ! Bidders

Hefley

Call Today To Add Color To Your Classified Ad for as Little as $8!

Auction Date: Saturday • March 29 • 9 AM

Farms

Tractors • Heavy Equipment • Combines • Forage Harvesters • Balers • Hay Equipment • Skid Steers • Construction Equipment • Trailers • Livestock Equipment • Trucks • ATVs • Boats • Recreational Vehicles • Cars & Pick-Ups • Much, Much More! Online Bidding Available!

Consign Now To Take Advantage of Free Multi-State Advertising!

Harrison, Arkansas

866-532-1960

870-715-9929 TFN

Serving More Than 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri

2/10/14

41


Livestock - Bison 15th Annual Missouri Bison Association Spring

ale

S h ow a nd S

Saturday, March 15, 2014 10 a.m.

Expecting 300 Head!

Mo-Kan Livestock • Butler, MO Located 5 miles north of Butler at Passaic exit, right off I-49 (formerly Hwy. 71) SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT: Sale Commission Lowered to 6%! TB & Brucellosis Testing No Longer Required. TO CONSIGN ANIMALS, CONTACT: Carol Morris: 660-998-0990 Robert Long: 417-839-3241 Join us on Friday, March 14 at 6 p.m. in the MO-KAN Livestock Cafe for our MoBA hosted dinner, buyer’s reception, election of officers and a FUN AUCTION!

Livestock - Cattle Bull Selection Day March 15th, 5 p.m. ing: Sell 40 Hereford Bulls

4 Angus Bulls 10 Hereford Females

Livestock - Cattle

Livestock - Cattle

SMITHSON FARMS

Registered Red Angus Bulls

Livestock - Cattle Limousin Bulls, Open & Bred Heifers, Blacks & Reds

Mullings Angus

417-842-3353

BLACK HEREFORD SALE

417-840-1106 2/10/14

Falling Timber Farm 636-358-4161 Marthasville, MO fallingtimberfarm.com 3/3/14

BULLS FOR RENT Farm Raised: Angus Gelbvieh - Charolais & Others - No Sundays Please!

Call Steve Glenn

Walnut Grove, MO 417-694-2386 • 417-880-6810

2/23/15

Kay Dee Feed Company, America’s largest independent manufacturer of mineral and protein supplements is seeking expansion in your area. Please contact us for more information on how to distribute Kay Dee products. Call 800-831-4815 or email customersupport@kay-flo.com.

Feb. 22, 2014

25 - Bulls - 18/24 Months Old 50 - Females - Spring & Fall, Open, Bred, Pairs

For more information or to request a catalog: www.smithsonfarms.com

Danny Smithson 6660-551-5877

farmboysmithson@hotmail.com

www.kaydeefeed.com

Smithson Farms

2/10/14

12397 Jasper Ave. La Plata, Mo 63549

8 Sisters Santa Gertrudis Ranch

2/10/14

3/3/14

Graber Metal Sales Roofing • Siding •Trim • Insulation Overhead Doors • Windows, Etc,…

Red Limousin Bulls! Service Age, Low Birth Weight, Good Disposition

Youngblood Limousin Carthage, Mo.

417/358-2476 or 388-0608

American Breed, Gentle, Polled or Horned, Growthy, Bulls or Heifers

Mountain Grove, MO

417-926-7256

7/28/14

2/10/14

Serving the Metal Building Industry 8327 Lawrence County Ave. LaRussell, MO 64848 417-246-5335

800-246-5335

Livestock Equipment

Double J Ranch

Will 417-350-9810 Ron 417-214-0279

Making tough 3/3/14

jobs easier

Luco Mfg. Co. Fall Sizzlers Hydraulic Chutes • Working Circles Cake Feeders • Continuous Fencing Panels & Gates

Linebred Simmental Bulls • Semen tested & ready for service • High performance with calving ease for Angus based cows • Outstanding EPDs Free • Athletic Delivery • Sound footed

See us at www.lucoinc.com or call

1-888-816-6707

Box 385, Strong City, KS 66869 2/10/14

Mike Williams Higginsville, Mo.

816-797-5450

Bull information email: mike@ wheelerauctions.com Land & Equipment Auctions go to: www.wheelerauctions.com

The Tuffest Made 14 GA., 2 3/8” Pipe & 5/8” Sucker Rod Starting at .. $3,395 www.work-your-cows.com

918-507-2222

3/24/14

2/10/14

Upcoming Production Sale? Call today for your FREE listing in the Ozarks’ Auction Block.

866-532-1960 www.ozarksfn.com

Farmers Mutual Insurance Company of Dade County Serving Farm Families Since 1892

Call Today 417-232-4593

www.2cylplus.com 810 Main St., Lockwood, MO 65682 • Email: dadecounty@keinet.net

Storage Containers & Trailers Ground Level Containers 20’, 40’, 45’ & 48’ Available • Sale or Lease

We Are Your Best Value!

1-866-999-0736 • BestValueMobileStorage.com After

Before Tractor & Farm Equipment Repair: Minor to major • $45/hr. Over 20 years experience

We Upgrade Homes!

We Carry a Full Line of Late Model Equipment!

Specializing In: Tractors Round Balers • Disc Bines 2-Cylinder Plus Tractor Salvage

4 miles SW of Conway on Y to WW, 1 1/2 miles, follow signs

417-589-DEER • 417-589-2634

42

2/10/14

Is your barn or house in need or repair? If so, give us a call. Barn Repair Work & Paint • Doors & Siding • Replacement Windows • Concrete Work • Metal Truss Buildings • On Site Electric Generator • Home & Barn Metal Roofs • Patios • Excavating • Pole Barns • Remodeling & Repair • Much More!

“No Job Too Small”

E.S.Owner: Construction Eldon Swartzentruber

2014 Corn & Soybean Programs 4% Discount by 2/28/2014 Also Available: • KY-31 Tall Fescue OPEN MONDAY-FRIDAY 10 Miles East of Carthage, MO on Hwy. 96 & 2 Miles North

417-246-5510

Buffalo, MO

Home: 417-345-5337 • Cell: 417-327-6348 2/10/14

Ozarks Farm & Neighbor • www.ozarksfn.com

Andrews Farm & Seed

2/10/14

FEBRUARY 10, 2014


Machinery

Machinery

BALE WAGONS

Spring River Tractor & Combine Salvage

OZARK WANT TO STAVE, LLC BUY MILK

417-235-2233

920-397-6313

New Holland, All Pull-Type & Self Propelled Models/Parts/Tires. Sell Finance, Deliver & Buy!

www.balewagon.com

Jim

208-880-2889

4/14/14

2/10/14

RUSCHA MACHINERY SALES L.L.C.

Wanted

Seed

30979 US 60 Pierce City, MO 65723

TOP PRICES PAID FOR STAVE LOGS

2/10/14

Haybuster, Krone

3/24/14

Vets

Verona, Mo. • 16251 Lawrence 2220 3 mi. west of Aurora, MO 65769 between Bus. 60 & U.S. 60

417-476-5054 573-885-3524

Sell Your Farm Equipment

866-532-1960 Darren Loula, DVM

417-743-2287

866-532-1960

3/24/14

REAL ESTATE AUCTION Saturday, February 15, 2014 • 10 a.m. Estate of Rex Cobb & “Fern Cobb, Dec’d” 314 Cobb Dr. • Ozark, MO

95 Acres M/L Directions: From Ozark go East on Hwy. 14 to Hwy. W turn South, go 3.5 miles to Scenic turn right, go to Moon Valley turn left, go South to Cobb, turn right to Auction. Watch for Glenworth Auction signs.

BRANGUS BULLS

Real Estate Sells at 11 a.m. Open House Sunday, February 9 • 2 p.m.-4 p.m.

For Sale

With Two Established Businesses & A Mobile Home!

TFN

Mobile Large Animal Vet Clinic

www.christiancountyvet.com

Tractor & Farm Equipment: Farmtrack by Long Tractor 300DTC, 4x4 w/5140 front end loader with bucket, PS, 4 remotes, 4 cyl. diesel w/206 hrs. • Farm King 3 pt. finish mower, 72” • 3 pt. reversible scoop • 3 pt. blade • Athens 3 pt. disc 6’ • 3 pt. bale spike • 3 pt. 2 bottom plow • tractor bar • calf chute • water tank • portable cattle chute w/head gate • brushog deck • salt feeder • galvanized round bale ring • 300 gal. overhead fuel tank w/ stand • Stihl post pounder • incubator • 2 wheel cart • 12 volt sprayer • 50 t-posts 6’ • hyd. floor jack • table saw • bumper jack • rasps • 2 pc. tool chest on rollers • tools Truck & Trailers: 1999 Nissan Frontier truck, 4x4, auto, super cab, 14,386 miles • 1997 Double L 16’ bumper hitch 2 axle trailer • 16’ bumper trailer w/winch Lawn, Garden & Propane Tank: Yard Machine 13.5 HP riding mower • Murray 14 HP 40” cut w/bagger riding mower • Craftsman string trimmer • Poulan chainsaw • Echo weedeater • Craftsman 16” chainsaw, new in box • shop vac • extension ladder • small portable air compressor • buck saw • saw horses • hand tools • 500 gallon propane tank • wheel barrel

Due to retirement, we are selling a productive woodworking business with a 25 year history and a flea market established in 2006. These businesses are under one roof – located, with Hwy. frontage, just off busy Hwy. 13, between Springfield and Kansas City, Mo. All woodworking equipment, lumber, hardware and finishing products included (turn-key). The Flea Market contains a huge inventory (ideal for E-Bay store). There is a large parking lot and private drive.

There is more than 100 acres

(some wooded/some open) with lots of wildlife – offering unlimited possibilities; motor cross, trail rides, walking and ATV trails, outdoor swap meet, cattle/pasture/hay, logging, hunting, etc. The mobile home is 16x80, fully underpinned, featuring a master suite and kitchen island. It also has a 12x20 add-on sun room. Three bedroom, two bath -all newly painted, carpet, central heat/air, kitchen range and refrigerator, front and side decks and two sizeable storage sheds. Potential rental income.

$

389,000

Polk County

Cross Timbers, Mo. • 417-998-6629

Please contact Richard 417-654-2441 • 417-777-1167

Sam 417-328-9137 Chase 417-399-1904 • Chance 417-298-1751 www.crawfordauctionservice.com 2/10/14

FEBRUARY 10, 2014

Donald 417-880-2783 Thomas 417-880-0296

100 Plus Acres

417-322-4711

Place your classified ad for as little as $13.68 per issue!

with a classified ad for as low as $13.68 per issue! Call today for details!

Manufacturer of Precast Concrete Products 417-532-2100 18926 Historic Route 66 Lebanon, MO 65536

Getting Your Farm or Business Online is Easier and More Affordable Than You Thought. Packages Starting at $299.

417-498-6571

2/10/14

Concrete Products

1/12/15

Need A Farm Website?

“Greenfield 114” has yielded 190 bpa. Also soybeans, sorghum, silage corn. Organic available.

417-885-7787 VM

TANKS Websites

White Oak Logs Wante d

CONVENTIONAL SEED CORN:

Poynter

Wanted

Serving More Than 34,000 Readers Across Southwest Missouri

2/10/14

43


Don’t miss Dr. Glynn Tonsor at Western Farm Show Kansas City Friday, February 21st 1:30 pm, Wagstaff Room Livestock Market Outlook Discount tickets available at participating MFA Locations.

Buy 2 ton of MFA Gold Star Mineral,

get an Applegate Low Profile Mineral Feeder

FREE

Adrain - 816-297-2138

Buffalo - 417-345-2121

Golden City - 417-537-4177

Lowry City - 417-644-2218

Ash Grove - 417-751-2433

Carytown (Carthage) - 417-394-2435

Lamar - 417-682-5300

Marshfield - 417-468-2115

Rolla - 573-364-1874

MFA Agri Services Dallas Co. Farmers CO-OP

Aurora - 417-678-3244

El Dorado Springs - 417-876-2422

Lebanon - 417-532-3174

Mt. Vernon - 417-466-3752

Springfield - 417-869-5459

MFA Producers Grain CO #5

Bolivar - 417-326-5231

Fair Grove - 1-877-345-2125

Licking - 573-674-2224

Nevada - 417-667-2726

Stockton - 417-276-5111

MFA Agri Services

Bronaugh - 417-922-3216

Freistatt - 417-235-3331

Lockwood - 417-232-4525

West Central Agri Services MFA Agri Services

MFA COOP ASSN #86 MFA Agri Services MFA Agri Services

MFA Dallas Co. Farmers Exchange MFA Agri Services

MFA Producers Grain #1 MFA Farm & Home

MFA Farmers Exchange

MFA Agri Services MFA Agri Services

MFA Farmers Produce EX #139 MFA Farmers Exchange

MFA Agri Services MFA Agri Services MFA Agri Services MFA Agri Services

Ozark - 417-581-3523 MFA Agri Services

MFA Farmers Exchange MFA Agri Services

MFA Farmers Exchange

Urbana - 417-993-4622 Walker - 417-465-2523

Weaubleau - 417-428-3336 West Plains - 417-256-4041 MFA West Plains

MFA Agri Services

Ozark Farm & Neighbor: “OFN GoldStarPromotion_2014” 91⁄2" x 10" Designer: Kate Shaw kshaw@mfa-inc.com MFA Incorporated

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