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MONTHLY CULTURE AND COMMUNITY NEWSLETTER FOR THE RURAL OZARKS Submissions Due the 10th of each month! Email: Amelia.LaMair@gmail Mail: 13962 State Hwy 181, Tecumseh, MO 65760

March 17 9am-Noon Pruning Demonstration at the MSU Fruit Experiment Station, Mountain Grove, Pruning demonstrations will include apple, pear, peach, grape, blueberry and blackberry plants. Free, call 417-547-7500 to register

March 19, 6-7:30pm, The Darkside of Yoga at Wages Brewing Company, West Plains. A trip to the dark side. Enjoy a unique blend of breathwork, meditation, yoga, craft brewed libations (beer and kombucha) and Pink Floyd. Bring your yoga mat and wear your favorite Pink Floyd shirt! $20 March 20 6:30 p.m. Ozarks Native Plant Society Meeting MO Conservation Dept. Office, West Plains. Calvin Maginet, MDC Fire Ecologist, will provide information on various research and monitoring projects as well as long-term prescribed fire treatments. The meeting is free and open to all.

March 22 11am Paper planter workshop at the Gainesville Growers Market SE corner of the Gainesville Square. Free (See image) March 22 and 23 Two of the three classes needed for a Missouri Master Gardeners Certification will be offered in West Plains. Mar. 22 Fruits and Vegetable Supersession ($80), Mar. 23: Turf and Landscape Supersession ($80). For details, call 417-358-2158 or email: March 25 2pm Blackberry Lilly Digging at Elixir Farm, Brixey. Belacamda Chinensis is a perennial with medicinal uses. Elixir Farm has grown them for seed companies for many years. They are making a new planting and have many extras to share. Email for directions and to RSVP March 27 11am Ozark Heritage Garden Club meeting at the Theodosia United Methodist Church. Ozark County nursery, Ozark Soul Native Plants and Landscaping will share information on various topics, including 1) Why Plant Native, 2) The Wildlife, and 3) The Landscape. Lunch provided. Garden Club annual dues are $10.

March 29 6-7pm An Evening of Sprouts at Nature’s Way, Mountain Home AR. Ian Giesbrecht, avid sprouter and author of the book “Sprouts: Live Well with Living Foods” will discuss the history and benefits of sprouting, show different sprouting techniques and detail ways to incorporate sprouts into your life. This is a free event.

April 1 10am Monthly Heritage Day Festival at Bakersville Pioneer Village Enjoy a full day of music, garden presentations, special seed sales, a good variety of goods to purchase from assorted vendors, and food. Free.

April 4-21 Spring Art Show at The Harlin Museum in West Plains. Entry dates are March 30 & 31. A Meet & Greet the Artist Reception will take place at 2 p.m. on April 21 For details, call Gladys at 255-0920 April 6 Ozark County High Tunnel Tour, details TBA, call Ozark County Extension office to register 417-679-3525 April 6 5:30pm Ozarks Neighborly Exchange Meeting and Potluck at Theodosia United Methodist Church (See ONE Report) April 6 6 p.m.Poetry Slam! Vol. 2 at Wages Brewing Company, West Plains. Event and will benefit local children through the Imagination Library. April 19 10am-6pm Career Fair at the MSU West Plains Student Rec Center. At 1 p.m. a workshop will be held for military vets transitioning to the workplace. For details, call Teri Ebel (MO Job Center) 256-3158. April 26 10am-3pm Local Food Workshop - Specialty Crop Block Grant-Writing to Enhance Scaling Up of Production, at the Green County Extension Office, Springfield. Must RSVP by April 23, 2018.

Spring Farm Summit and Potluck Dinner Saturday, April 14, 3-7 pm Flotsam Farm (Eric & Amelia’s) Sycamore, MO Network with area farmers, gardeners, homesteaders, and others Share what’s going on at your farm, swap ideas and tips, discuss collaborative projects and bulk ordering Bring plants, seeds, produce, artisan items, etc. to share or sell. Activities for kids Rain or Shine

Music jam after dinner Everyone welcome!

Info: 417-261-1104 Attention Ozark County farmers and artisans: Sign up as a vendor for the Ozark County Homegrown & Homemade Festival, Saturday, May 5th 9am-3pm on the Gainesville Square. No booth fee. Contact Amelia with the Ozark County Chamber of Commerce or 417-679-4913

The Oak and the Pine

Our neighbor Ellen unearthed this Cheese recipe that her mother Zelma used to make. Can’t wait to try it, she says it melts really well!

The oak and the pine. they got along fine, grew up together this way. They never knew as they grew, that this friendship might not stay. For situations occur that deeply stir, and lead to unknown events. The wind sometimes blows breezes we do not know, that lend unprepared moments. They were always together in all kinds of weather, that made them closest of close. Then came the change that was acknowledged as strange, as they sensed a lethal dose. Along came a man with a knife in his hand, looking to cut to and fro. He eyed them much calculating price and such, and then began to fell them low. Nothing gave them a clue knowing only a small view, that would lead to their demise. Yet at the end they acknowledged their friend, hoping others to be more wise. It was poignant to see the oak and pine tree, experience life as one. Being an example that others will trample, prepare so not to be stunned.

c Kevin Kaiser Feb. 26, 2018 www.PoetCatalysta.Wordpress. com

Oran Mor Community, Squires The past month has been awesome with lots of Spring temperatures, flowers beginning to bloom, and trees budding. I love this time of year! Here at the farm we have been busy planting lots of seeds and preparing our garden beds. Lettuce, radish, cabbage, beets, carrots, peas, onions, and garlic are all growing strong! Indoors we have tomatoes and peppers. We gave some fruit trees a haircut, mulched em up with rotted goat manure, and added some sulfur to scare away the black rot. Our rabbits have surprised us with even more babies, so let us know if you want some bunnies. No baby goats yet, but we expect they will begin birthing later in March. We had our first craft fair of the season at Baker Creek and sold our kombucha, plant starts, and herbal remedies. Our house building projects are moving steadily along and visitors are starting to roll in.

North Fork River Trout (Mountain Jewel)

Mountain Jewel, Luna The sap is rising in the trees and at Mountain Jewel. Elderberry cuttings are in the ground, as well as a host of blueberries, paw paws and mulberries. The garlic is starting to pop out of its straw mulch, spring crops are coming up and the chickens are laying some eggs! The high tunnel veggies are starting to grow again, too! We’ve started to come out of hibernation and hang out with folks again & we’re enjoying the increase in vitality and the feeling to do some deep spring cleaning!

Flotsam Farm, Sycamore Spring planting is under way! I have had good results direct seeding under plastic jugs or domes in the high tunnel. The aphids have moved in to our high tunnel cover crops, but I collected an army of ladybugs from the house to take care of them. We have planted onions, peas, fava beans, and spinach outdoors. Planted Osage Orange, Washington Hawthorn, and Sandbar Willow to make a living fence along the highway. Rhubrab is popping up. Counting down until kidding time, we’ll have baby goat pictures for the next newsletter!

Ozarks Neighborly Exchange, Theodosia Area Our March monthly meeting was canceled due to another event being scheduled on that day. It was decided to wait until April 6 for our next meeting, which will be the first Friday of the month. There will be a potluck starting at 5:30pm and meeting following, so bring a dish to share, with seasonal goodies if you can! The topic is going to be a discussion on the future of the ONE group, as well as what folks have going on at their farm, goals, and projects. Bring seeds to share!

The # 1 Herb for Your Natural De-worming Arsenal By: Wendy Lombardi This fabulously hardy plant is a necessity for sustainable animal husbandry. And, once Wormwood is started in the right spot, it’s there for an eternity. Plus, you can get 2-4 cuttings a year from one plant! This is one herb worth growing and using by every livestock owner. There are over 300 varieties within the Artemisia family, which include Sage, Thyme, Tarragon, and Mugwort! However, the commonly-named “Wormwoods” contain the highest levels of a natural vermicide-chemical, called thujone. Thujone is toxic in high doses, but, it’s what expels the internal parasites from their host. Obviously, we use sage, tarragon and thyme in cooking, so smaller amounts are not toxic. The goal of de-wormers is to administer enough “chemical” to kill the parasites but not the host. The varieties with the highest levels of thujone start with Artemisia absinthium, or, Grand Wormwood. Artemesia vulgaris (Mugwort) is also very high, as is A. herba alba (White Wormwood) and A. annua (Sweet Annie, or, Sweet Wormwood). Scientific studies have indicated that two tablespoons of dried and crushed material (approximately 20 grams) per 100 pounds of body weight is adequate for eliminating parasites. As well, whether it’s dried, or made into a drench, all Wormwoods have de-worming season, contain the properties. The flowers and the leaves during flowering season, contain the highest levels of Thujone as well as the highest levels of Artemisinin. This component is highest in Sweet Wormwood (A. annua), and, is used in countries around the world to treat malaria.

From Jeffrey Goss

Wormwoods grow in zones 5-9, with Prairie Wormwood tolerating zone 4. They prefer full sun and very well-drained soil. I have started a few from seed, but, prefer starting with plants. I’ve ordered mine through Richter’s, and, even found White Wormwood plants at nurseries, even MFA! Because of these plants’ soft, white appearance they are often used as ornamentals. After cutting and drying the flowers and leaves, crush into a fine powder. Administer at the dose above for three to six consecutive days. However, do NOT use this herb with pregnant livestock – it possesses abortive properties. For more information on other plants which provide Natural Parasite Control for Livestock, I’ve written a book which is available on Amazon for $7.99 (See classifieds!) Note: for those who have purchased the book from me, there is an update available on calculating formulas. Please contact me at for that update.

Pickin’ Peas for Planting in Your Garden By: Wendy Ziegler Well my fellow gardeners, it is the time of year to choose seeds while planning your 2018 garden. Whilst pea pickin’ (new use for term), I have just ordered Zipper Cream Peas. For the first time in years, I am actually ordering cowpeas. I have grown my own garden variety for seasons. I am ready for a crop of pure cream peas. You may be wondering why I chose the “Zipper Cream” variety or you may be wondering about cowpeas in general. If you have never grown them, nor eaten them prepared by an experienced cowpea cook, then you are missing out on an entrenched summer and fall delicacy given to us forever from Africa and relegated to poor Southern Folks here in America. Nowadays, a staple in southern locavore eateries, the easy-to-store, drought resistant cowpeas, cream peas more specifically, are something you must plant in your garden. Cowpeas are also commonly referred to as southern peas or field peas. All cowpea synonyms represent a hearty class of legumes brought from the African continent to historically grow as “field peas” for livestock and poorest of the poor populations. Southern country folks found cowpeas easy to grow, easy to harvest, and easy to dry store. The high protein content in cowpeas is an important reason they should be a garden staple. They are just good for your soil, your livestock, for you and for me. My mother, Gabby, raised me with cowpea jargon and her knowledge of “field peas” (her most frequently used term regarding the legume species); I am sure she collected her pea pickin’ vocabulary from being brought up working in her family’s store during the Great Depression. Until now, I never really considered her depth of knowledge regarding cowpeas. In my childhood, she freely shared her thoughts while processing food day to day; she knew a great deal about field peas. Primarily, to help feed seven kids, Gabby knew when, what, and how to buy field peas by the bushels at the South Carolina Farmers Market. ffSStatFarmersFarmersMarket. When B&W Television arrived in our home, for years after, the

When B&W Television arrived in our home, and for years after, the only way we could watch TV was to be shelling peas, snapping beans, peeling taters, or some other food processing chore. Shelling peas was, for me, a favorite chore because it is so easily done without ever looking at my hands. I shared a special love of cream peas with my mother. To this day, I have come to realize why she was so excited when she found them at market. Unlike the common black-eyed, purple hull or crowder peas, the cream pea is a special delicacy. When you can find them, beware, not all market fresh cream pea varieties deliver the same comfort or efficiency in shelling. Aside from the special tastes of cream peas (or any southern pea), you must consider any variety’s size and shelling capabilities. The seeds are measured by the dry pea’s yield in number per pound. Unless you have a mechanical sheller, I suggest you stay away from buying in-the-shell, or planting, white acre, lady peas or any variety smaller with yields >3000 peas per pound. Delicious as they are, the peas are too small for hand shelling! When choosing varieties of southern peas for livestock forage or nitrogen fixing ground cover, the size of the pea is not so important. If you are hand harvesting then shelling from a vegetable garden, the pea size is a huge consideration unless you have access to a mechanical sheller and only want to eat dried peas. As you shop southern field pea varieties you will want to look at the vining possibilities and the number of peas per pound. Choose varieties which yield 2000-3000 peas/pound. Give some thought to a possible loss of flavor in larger sized peas <2000 peas/pound. Cowpea varieties are selfpollinating and rarely cross. Heirloom, open pollinated varieties will occasionally cross, especially if you are an intensive gardener like me. Ergo, as much as southern peas are selfpollinators, bees and other bugs still prove to do a good job cross-pollinating. Over the years my homegrown varieties collected genetics of crowder, black-eyed, purple hulls, ripper, and zippers.

Zipper means, with a simple push of the fingernail, the shell opens like a zipper; when properly harvested, zipper peas just “zip out.” I observe some really fun pods and peas in the Ziegler mix. Our results are not reliably scientific, just me planting whatever pea in whatever rows has produced our unique variety. If you are looking for larger sized heirloom cream pea variety, order them early, as they tend to sell out the quickest. The vining capability of cowpeas can be, from my experience, somewhat of a garden management problem. Even when a variety’s fact sheet states “ bush with some vining,” be prepared! This species’ varieties originate from the hottest terrains and poorest of soils; their “vining tendencies” become particularly aggressive when grown in well-drained organically rich soil. The southern peas’ plants will invade neighboring trellises when a gardener does not heed the vining potential. Give your cowpeas vertical and horizontal room to vine and keep them trained to that space. Old corn stalks are a favorite place for them to grow. To best utilize the corn stalks, plant peas with full sun initially adjacent to your corn patch. As you harvest your corn in July, take out every other row of stalks. Late summer and early fall the peas take over the old corn stalks. As the cowpea vines migrate across to the tops of the old corn stalks, you may develop a beautiful natural garden arbor to walk under and pick. For more controlled space planting, I do plant bush varieties as companions in my migrating strawberry patch to enrich the soil. Direct plant cowpeas only when soil is consistently warm! Cowpeas have zero tolerance to frost. They grow surprisingly fast when exposed to full sun, water, and enriched soil. These legumes are drought tolerant but love an inch of water each week in well-drained sandy soil. My garden is a sloped clay-based organic mix. For cowpeas, water might stand too long in clay, so the slope encourages water to run off. Cowpeas tolerate a few days of rain, but do not like sustained soggy soil.

They will tell you quickly when they have had too much water, as their leaves yellow and fall off like many over- watered plants. Cowpea varieties with a 60-70 days-toharvest, in many years, give you a second crop, sometimes better than the first. As the dog days of summer roll around, and the majority of the first peas have been harvested, I usually tear off all old leaves then push them down under the vines to open them up for new growth. The plants turn their nutrients to new growth rather than feeding old leaves, speed up blooming and pod production. The old leaves offer mulch to hold in moisture in the hottest temps, the new growth nets a great deal more sunshine, the birds come pick the bugs and the flowering starts all over for a second large crop until frost hits. There is so much more to tell. The cowpea’s pests and beneficial visitors have given us a few yarns to spin. Also, while I love to eat just about any field pea concoction (providing the cook understands nuances of cowpeas) there is special white gravy, potlikker, which only comes from cream peas. It all brings memories of shellin peas with mom. So iffin’ you all want to keep a tradition of warm memories and good eatin’ then I suggests planting cowpeas, mm, especially dem cream peas.

Blooms of Deception

Bradford Pears in the Ozarks By: Terry Hampton It's the time of year when the Ozarks landscape will be soon washed in white with early-blooming "wild pears." Many people think they are beautiful (from a distance) but they are NOT beautiful for the environment and they are NOT beautiful up close. They are Callery Pears which have proliferated as the result of the supposedly sterile Bradford Pear, a nonnative species introduced as an ornamental tree many years ago. Bradfords, it was realized too late, are not sterile. They cross-pollinated with other pear trees and reverted to their original strain which has created a horrible ecological mess. They have thorns capable of inflicting great damage, including puncturing tractor tires, and as an invasive species, they're choking out native plants and trees. Bottom line: Don't ever be tempted to plant a Bradford Pear tree! In addition to being a menace, they are weak and not a good choice for landscaping, as they will often split in a stiff breeze and definitely don't do well in ice storms. Remove existing Bradford Pears and replace with native species. Immediately. The longer they stay, the more damage they'll cause. If you see these early white bloomers anywhere on your property, address the situation. Cutting them off at ground level is not a perfect solution because

they'll come back from the roots, but if that's all you're able to do, then I suggest you do that, because at least that will be one less tree available to spread its demon seed (until it comes back). Digging them up by the roots with our tractor's front-end loader is the approach my husband and I have been using, and we're getting ready to spend some money buying a grapple for the tractor which will be much more efficient. Otherwise, it requires cutting down the larger trees with a chainsaw and treating the stumps with poison, which is an absolute LAST RESORT, in my opinion, and must be undertaken with great care. This is honestly a huge environmental problem here in the Ozarks, and the situation should not be taken lightly. Don't be fooled into thinking, "They're pretty, so they're worth it." They're not worth it at any level!

Close encounters with Lepisosteus osseus aka Longnose Gar in Northern Arkansas. Yâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;all quit killing these for no reason!

Natural Parasite Control for Livestock, by local author and farmer Wendy Lombardi available on for $7.99

Send in your classifieds by the 10th of the month. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s free!

Bunnies! $10 (417)250-9252

Biochar Stove with 6 bags of pellets. Produce heat

and biochar! $75 (417)261-2254

Gardenway style rotating 50 gallon composter on stand $125. (417)261-2254

The Missouri State University Fruit Experiment Station in Mountain Grove, MO is hiring Field crew staff to perform the following functions: Harvesting fruit, pruning and maintaining vines and orchards. Must have a valid drivers license and proof of insurance. Hours are normally 7:30am4:30pm Monday thru Friday. $8.00 hourly Apply online at:


This publication is funded in part by SARE Project #FNC171082 â&#x20AC;&#x153;Building the Local Food Economy in Ozark Co., MOâ&#x20AC;?

MAKE A PIÑATA!!! Don’t let all those super old seed catalogs pile up! There are many uses for non-glossy magazines and newspaper. Sure, you could compost or recycle them, but I say make a piñata! It’s simple, fun, and when home-crafted, they can be decorated any way you choose and filled with a variety of silly stuff, suited for people of any age: seed packs, whistles, snacks, quarters, fortunes, temporary tattoos, ect. It’s really all about having fun and making a memory.

Supply List___  ½ “ strips no gloss paper, 1 catalog easily makes 1  A balloon or something that will form the cavity  1 c. flour (white works best but whole wheat can be used in a pinch. Heard cornstarch could work as a gluten free option, but have not tried this.  4-12ft old rope (depending on where you’ll hang it)  Duct tape for reinforcing and mounting  Goodies to put inside (see above for some ideas)

 Decorations (colored paper, feathers, mud, sawdust, paint, ect. Old stuffed tights or forked sticks make great arms and legs)

 Toilet paper roll (optional, for mounting)

Basic Steps__ 1. Make paper mache mixture. mix 1c flour with 1 1/2c water. (If using cornstarch, use boiling water so it can set up) 2. Dip strips of paper in mix, lightly removing excess with fingers. 3. Lay strips over balloon that is propped up on small bowl. Continue until covered with two layers of strips, leaving a small hole at the top. Allow to dry completely. This could take a couple of days. For piñatas intended for bigger kids or adults, apply two more layers. 4. When dry, pop balloon and admire your work, checking for any weak areas, reinforcing with tape or more paper mache if need be. Fill with goodies and mount to rope. If using the t.p. roll, insert the rope through the roll and tie a good knot. Insert this inside and tape into place. I usually have to rip the opening a bit during this step and just reinforce with tape later. However you attach the rope, make sure it’s secure. It’s fun when an arm gets knocked off, but if the piñata can’t swing from the rope, it’s no bueno. 5. Decorate as your heart desires. Make an alien, acorn, pumpkin, monster, or a pink chick! During springtime, this might sound like just one more thing to try to do, but you may want to reserve one of those old catalogs to be transformed into a piñata, as it’s easier to cut catalogs than newspaper. It’s fun, simple and sure to spread some laughter and we all know the world needs more of that!

The Ozarks Agrarian News March Issue  
The Ozarks Agrarian News March Issue