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HONG KONG: One Square Foot – Property, inequity, poverty

Food Prices – How high will the price of rice go?

Sustainability Reporting – Global Reporting Initiative

Oxfam Trailwalker – A Hong Kong export

Policy Address – Minimum Wage Legislation

NEPAL: Nepalese Women in the Eyes of a Hong Kong Woman CHINA: Theatre-in-Education on Migrant Worker Issues

WITH CRISIS, WILL THERE BE PROGRESS?

By John Sayer

When the credit crisis in the United

are cut, international trade reduced,

Tsang, included plans to introduce

of our campaigns, or as a reader of

States first made the world news in

and funding for basic services stops.

legislation on a statutory minimum

O.N.E e-magazine. Oxfam hopes to

July last year, few anticipated that

Poor people there will suffer in terms of

wage. We hope that this will form part

engage you further and deeper, and in

it would become a major economic

their jobs, livelihoods, and their access

of a well-integrated social welfare and

a more sustainable way. Please read on,

crisis with global impact. Now, more

to health care, welfare services, and

job creation package befitting a mature,

stay posted, subscribe, and we welcome

than a year later, the world is facing

education. In Hong Kong, too, poor

urban society. Experience in many

you to tell us what you think.

a significant economic recession. How

people are being hit by the crises: in the

countries has shown that protection

If there is any good to come out

deep and broad it will be, we can not

last edition of O.N.E, for example, we

of poor people in periods of economic

of these crises, it is that we have an

know for sure, but many predict it will

reported how people are trying to save

difficulty is effective in maintaining

unprecedented opportunity to reshape

be the most serious recession in living

money by changing their food habits,

social stability and equipping society

the rules and institutions that guide

memory.

such as eating two not three meals a

for a speedy recovery. Oxfam would

the international economy. Oxfam

day, and buying soon-to-expire food.

actively oppose any reduction of basic

adds its voice to those who suggest

poor people in developing countries

Oxfam Hong Kong believes that

Oxfam has been working for many

social services and welfare provision: in

that we can use this period of global

should not be the ones to suf fer

years to advocate a pro-poor public

hard times, these services will be more

re-engineering to ensure that the

disproportionately from this crisis that

policy in Hong Kong that addresses the

important than ever.

new economic regulations can combat

has by and large been created by those

situation of the most vulnerable groups.

Poverty is wrong. There is no reason

climate change and reduce poverty,

with financial power in developed

We are among the first civil groups to

that we should let it persist anywhere:

just as they ensure stable financial and

countries. We are extremely concerned

urge the government to acknowledge

it is caused by human inaction, and

economic systems. If this can be an

that this will be the case. The economic

the rights of people who have a job but

we have the resources and knowledge

outcome of these difficult times, then

crisis comes on top of the food price

remain in poverty. At present, Hong

to eradicate it. Oxfam Hong Kong

we will surely emerge from them with

crisis and the energy price surge,

Kong’s “employed poor” – or workers

will redouble its efforts to work with

some genuine human progress.

and poor people are at great risk of

earning under HK$5,000 a month –

people in different parts of the world

In the current economic climate,

becoming even poorer.

amount to 506,300 people, or 14.3 per

to reduce poverty and demand justice.

MORE THAN EVER, we need to help

cent of the working population.

In this past year alone, our programmes

those with less than ourselves.

Past experience has shown us that people living in poverty, and at the

Ox fam has also been vocal in

reached 30 countries, including right

edge of poverty, are hardest hit. The

advocating a universal minimum wage

here in Hong Kong, where 18 per cent

economic crisis is bound to affect

in Hong Kong, and we are very pleased

of the population is poor.

developing countries, especially if

that the October 2008 Policy Address by

You may be reading this message

overseas aid and foreign investments

Hong Kong’s Chief Executive, Donald

now as a donor, a volunteer, a supporter

John Sayer is the Director General of Oxfam Hong Kong.

ONE S


SQUARE FOOT

The rich-poor gap in Hong Kong is at its widest ever and the poverty rate is high. Even within the workforce, one in seven employees is poor. Yet, property prices remain exorbitant, with the cost of a home beyond many people’s means. In the new book ‘One Square Foot’, the well-known Hong Kong photographer John Fung asks, how high can the price of one square foot of property go? Is one square foot more important than one person? What has created this culture of greed? His multi-exposure images, taken at high-speed, are like questions: open, complex and necessary. John Fung is used to asking questions. Over the years, he has worked on many documentary assignments for many publications in Hong Kong and Mainland China. For Oxfam, he has volunteered several times, documenting our agricultural projects in rural China, tsunami relief in Sri Lanka, and advocacy efforts in West Africa, where unfair trade is impoverishing farmers. In 2005, when the World Trade Organization came to Hong Kong for a conference, he wrote, “We’ve been stuck in a car with a punctured tire for a long time... What we need to do is stand up and fix the tire together! The problems we see in the world are serious, urgent and affect us all. In the first place, we need to ask who has caused the puncture. The absurdity is that those who have caused the puncture are now meeting to discuss the problem of the puncture.” In ‘One Square Foot’, Hong Kong is the punctured place. In the eyes – and photographs – of John Fung, the city appears splintered, chaotic, imbalanced, and unreal. The Chinese title for the book translates into English as ‘Unreal Estate’. John Fung is living the problems he brings up. He began the series of photographs in 2006, when he decided to move to the city after losing his airy home on a leafy carless island forty minutes away by ferry. All he could find – and afford – in town was an apartment on the ground floor with one dark window. ‘One Square Foot’ is available at bookstores across Hong Kong and through the publisher, www.mccmcreations.com.

The Last Rice Shop By Olivia Yong

TAKING THE INITIATIVE

By Kalina Tsang

W hile Finan cial Re p o r t s are

responsibility into their practices and

standard procedure for a company,

establish a CSR reporting system.

Sustainability Reports are much less

Twelve centrally-administered SOEs

common.

already release sustainability reports

It is the vision of Oxfam Hong Kong and Global Reporting Initiative, an

and five of them produce reports using GRI Guidelines.

independent non-profit organisation

In Hong Kong, GRI seems to

based in Amsterdam, that sustainability

be an initiative for only the larger

reporting on economic, environmental,

corporations, including Cathay Pacific,

and social performance should be just

CLP, HSBC, MTR Corporation, Swire

as routine as financial reporting.

Pacific and Towngas. There is certainly

Global Reporting Initiative, or GRI

ro o m fo r im p rove m e n t a m o n g

for short, facilitates this by providing

companies, large, medium and small.

Guidelines on how such reports should

Some might say that now is not

be compiled. It launched its first

the best time to think about issues

Guidelines (G1) in 2000.

such as sustainability and corporate

GRI has a strong track record

social responsibility – when the world

with multinational corporations as

is in a financial crisis and seems to be

well as with smaller companies –

at the edge of a global recession. But

creating the best practice standards

Oxfam sees things quite differently.

and the world's most widely-used sustainability reporting framework.

Rightly or wrongly, the general public is angry about the financial

This is a notable achievement,

crisis and the use of taxpayer money

because GRI is not an intergovernmental

to bail out a sector that many associate

body with any official mandate: it is a

with excessive profit and extravagant

voluntary multi-stakeholder initiative

self-interest. The public is blaming

of like-minded people from all around

governments and the business sector,

the world, a network of people from

not only for the financial crisis, but

many different sectors, such as civil

for the energy crisis and the food

society, business, investors, and the

price crisis, too. The triple crisis is

labour movement. In fact, GRI is the

affecting everyone, but is especially

global network – the GRI ‘institution’

making life harder for people in

and its governance bodies only facilitate

poverty who have little or no buffer

the activities of the network. Through

for one disaster, let alone three.

There had once been more than

consensus-seeking approaches, GRI

Now more than ever, companies

4,000 wholesale rice shops in Hong

creates and continuously improves its

need a ‘social license’ to operate. They

Kong. Then the supermarkets came,

Reporting Framework.

need to demonstrate to the public, to

people’s eating habits changed, and

Oxfam International has been an

consumers, to communities, to their

today, Tak Cheong Tai is the only rice

organisational stakeholder since the

own investors, that in addition to

shop in all of Sai Ying Pun District. It sells

early days of GRI, and we are a member

making good products and profits,

about 60 kilos a day. Shopowner Shing

of its Stakeholder Council. Oxfam

they are socially and environmentally

Chun-yuen, in his sixties, has worked

Hong Kong Director General John

responsible. GRI reporting is one way

Sayer participated in GRI meetings

to do this.

虎熊 吉唐 ns: o i t tra Illus

in a rice shop since he was a teenager, and his family of five lives in the rear of the shop. Shing remembers when the first supermarket opened in Sai Ying Pun

as early as August 2002, when GRI

The extremes of neo-conservative

launched its G2 Guidelines. (The G3

free market ideas are dead, killed

Guidelines were launched in 2006.)

if not by massive nationalization

Yet there is a long way to go.

of banks, then by worldwide calls

in the mid-1980s. “We lost almost half

Rice is a staple for about half of the

the supply will last. I say not to buy too

Right now, small enterprises account

for more government intervention

of our sales. I only managed to pull

world’s people, and the price rise is

much: rice rots if it’s stored too long.”

for about ninety per cent of all

and regulation of the economy.

through as I didn’t have to pay rent, nor

affecting many poor people, especially

There are also customers who want rice

businesses and about sixty per cent of

The debate is now on about what

in societies where there is little or no

in small amounts; this is only possible

all employees, yet a global total of only

the new regulation will look like.

social protection. Women in Cambodia,

at rice shops – supermarkets only sell

92 small enterprises produce reports

Companies engaged with corporate

larger bags.

with GRI involvement. Currently, it

social responsibility will be influential

did I have to pay any staff.” Today’s food price crisis is another huge challenge. “The wholesale prices

for instance, are eating less than they

have been marked up twice within a

were a year ago. In Haiti, some people

Whatever the amount, Shing’s prices

is the larger companies that tend to

in that debate, and as the global

week! Nowadays people speculate on

are eating mud. Poorer people in Hong

haven’t changed much. “We haven’t

report, and they tend to be based

economy recovers in a new form, they will be stronger.

rice in much the same way that they

Kong are choosing soon-to-expire food,

marked up our retail prices by the

in Europe, with Spain as the world

speculate on stocks and shares.” Two

canned food and frozen food.

same extent. We want our rice to be

leader. In Asia, it is Japan that leads.

of the world’s largest rice exporters –

Shing compares the present crisis to

affordable to our elderly customers,

In Mainland China, the State-owned

located in Thailand and Vietnam – have

the 1967 riots and strikes in Hong Kong.

and people without a steady source of

Asset Supervision and Administration

stopped exporting rice.

“At that time, people scrambled for rice.

income.”

Commission has issued a directive

Today, people are richer and prefer to

Shing seems to run his shop as much

urging State - Owned Enterprises

eat less rice, so there isn’t a mad rush.

to make a living as to maintain good

(SOE) to embed corporate social

Yet, some customers come and want to

relationships with his customers. “One

stock up. I tell them not to worry, that

customer moved out of the district, but

Increase of Rice Prices in 2007-2008 Bangladesh

so she asks me to deliver rice to her. She

66%

also needs an old friend to talk with.”

100%

Shing can be seen walking the streets

72.2%*

and narrow staircases of Sai Ying Pun,

Indonesia

10%

carrying heavy loads of rice on his

Philippines

50%

shoulders.

Cambodia Hong Kong

Sri Lanka

100%

*Up to July 2008 Tak Cheung Tai, 15 Third St, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong

isn’t used to the rice bought elsewhere,

Source: The Food and Agriculture Organisation; Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong

This article first appeared, in a longer version, in the September 2008 edition of Mokung, Oxfam Hong Kong’s Chinese-language magazine. Olivia Yong is a member of Oxfam Hong Kong’s Education Team.

Kalina Tsang (pictured below) coordinates Oxfam Hong Kong’s work on private sector engagement, including on Corporate Social Responsibility. On 17 October, World Poverty Eradication Day, Oxfam co-hosted a seminar on GRI reporting for about 50 businesspeople in the garment and footwear industries in Hong Kong. For more information on GRI: www.globalreporting.org.


Girls & Women in Nepal, in the Eyes of a Hong Kong Woman Text and photos by Brenda Lee Gender inequality in rural Nepal is

Poor nutrition, malnutrition, and

income was lost. I met women who

pervasive and deep-rooted. Many girls

food insecurity are common in Nepal’s

joined an Oxfam-supported training,

and women, deprived of an education

mountain communities. Families can

and who received young goats to raise.

and health care, are destined to a life of

face food shortages for six months of

After the goats give birth, the women

poverty, generation after generation.

the year. When I met the five-year-old

pass on two of the animals to other poor

Nowadays, women farmers lead very

girl pictured on the left, I thought she

women. The women seem confident

stressful lives in that they have to

was only about two. She is small for her

to me, and I am happy that the next

manage all the farm work on their

age, and her bloated stomach indicates

generation might be different for the

own: many men have left to work in

malnutrition, which is prevalent among

girls in these faraway villages.

the cities, or across the border in India.

the children here. Many villages have

Oxfam Hong Kong is assisting women

no health centre, but people like

in mountainous Nepal in several ways,

Khinmaya, the adult pictured on the

such as with new fuel-efficient stoves

right, are changing that. Trained in an

which need less firewood and create less

Oxfam-supported project, she provides

smoke, so the workload is also less, and

free body check-ups right in the village.

women’s lungs are healthier.

If medication or more services are

Many poor rural families have no choice but to send their children to work,

Two farmers, two trainees in goat-raising

Khinmaya, a health worker right in the village

Brenda Lee, a staff member of Oxfam Hong Kong, recently visited Nepal on a documentation trip. Oxfam Hong Kong has been supporting projects in these areas of rural Nepal since 2005.

needed, people have to pay, and this is how Khinmaya earns a living.

not to school, so the cycle of poverty

Goat-raising is one way that rural

continues into the next generation,

women have traditionally earned a

especially for girls. Diukumara, the

living. A young goat can be sold for

girl pictured here, has had the chance

about 1,400 Nepal Rupees (about

to receive an education, thanks to a

US$17.50), enough to buy a month’s

new informal school built in her village

supply of food for a family of four. Yet,

in 2005. The school, which offers

few women have para-veterinary skills,

mathematics, English and other basic

such as how to vaccinate livestock, so

subjects to children aged 3-10, was

disease could not always be prevented,

supported by Oxfam Hong Kong.

some animals died unnecessarily, and

THE STORY BEGINS By Sun Guoyuan

Diukumara, happy to be at school

story, which Peng remembers well.

A five-year-old girl, malnourished

were crying. The sense of unity built

the umbrella group of Kapok Troupe).

“Many of the migrant workers told

up among the members of a troupe

Nowadays, I train NGO staff to apply

stories about their childhood with their

is important: people realise that they

theatre in their volunteer building

families. They missed them so much,

share the same feelings, the same

and community service activities; I’ve

A summer evening in Guangzhou.

The summer ‘performance’ is one

but were not able to go home. One

problems, and they naturally assist each

worked with several migrant service

A small room. About thirty people

of many run by Kapok, a troupe named

man told his story with huge sobs. He

other in many supportive ways. They

organisations, for instance.”

singing.

after the tropical tree with beautiful,

so wished to go home during the Lunar

work together to identify the problems

Another Kapok member, a middle

The atmosphere inside is the same

silky flowers and strong fibres, like

New Year and to buy some presents

clearly, and then work to find the best

school teacher, brings applied theatre

as outdoors: balmy, warm, close, and

aerial roots, or ‘grassroots’. It is the city

for his parents, but he earned so little

solutions they can.”

into her classroom. A member working

the delight in the longer nights – they

flower of Guangzhou. Kapok was set

and got even less than he was entitled

People in Kapok say that the 28-

at an environmental centre uses it

sing through to the late evening.

up after a social worker named Peng

to, because his boss cheated him.

year-old member named Guo Zhaoying

to discuss sustainable development

Passersby wonder what is happening,

Weifeng joined a theatre-in-education

He could not afford to celebrate the

has changed the most. “I used to work

education. Another member-journalist

even the landlord asks what is going

workshop in Beijing, saw its potential to

holiday at all, as the ticket alone was

in a state-owned enterprise. After I

now ha s mo re of a civil s o cie t y

on: the music and laughter is the first

discuss social injustice, and introduced

too expensive. He was struggling for

learned about Kapok’s approach to

perspective in her writing. Kapok is

performance of its kind, and the songs

it to Guangzhou, where it has become

many days: wanting a family reunion so

theatre, I became crazy for it. I became

growing strong, just like the sturdy,

express the lives of migrant workers in

very popular.

badly, but equally worrying about the

a volunteer, and from then on, my life

silky flower.

Since 2004, Kapok has worked with

money. At last he realised he missed his

changed so much. I joined the training

And the story continues. A new

the big city. Development education and theatre

many organisations and facilitated them

father and mother so much that he had

sessions from the ver y beginning

group in Beijing, named ‘Hawbunch’

are also alike. Development education

to form their own groups. Members of

no choice but to get himself home. He

and have planned many public

after a snack from the hawthorne plant,

inspires youth to rethink ‘development’

Kapok have enlarged their life circle,

was so excited when he saw his parents

performances since. I have discovered

has produced The Story of a Pair of

through knowledge, values and the

working with a wide range of people,

at the gate of the village that he rushed

so many new possibilities in my life

Jeans which traces the denim from the

body, while theatre also focuses on the

from migrant workers, to high school

into their arms and burst into tears. It

along the way, and I have also learned

cotton fields to the department store,

physical, the experiential, the sensory.

and university students, and people

was at that moment that he saw just

how important it is for young people

with the lives of some of the people in

On this summer night, people see and

with leprosy. They use different kinds of

how much suffering he had had to

to get involved in social development. I

between: the farmer, manufacturer,

feel the links between oneself and the

theatre at different times – from forum

endure, and so far from his home.

finally decided to resign from my steady

migrant worker and consumer.

larger local, and global, community, and

theatre (with the migrant workers that

“When Kapok improvised and

job, threw myself wholeheartedly into

they are empowered to think critically.

summer evening in Guangzhou) to

performed this man’s story in our

this theatre, and become a full member

When education encounters theatre,

playback theatre (with migrant workers

playback theatre style, he sobbed again.

of Kapok Volunteer Action Network

the story begins.

in the city of Panyu). Here is the Panyu

But he was not alone. Many people

(the registered organisation which is

GUANGZHOU, CHINA: Theatre-in-education in action

Sun Guoyuan is a member of Oxfam Hong Kong's Public Education, Policyand Campaigns Team, based in Beijing.


OXFAM HONG KONG WEBSITE www.oxfam.org.hk

OXFAM BOOKS From Poverty to Power

Today, Oxfam Trailwalker is an international event, with tens of thousands of people walking 100 kilometres, and all

With up-to-date research, human stories, statistics, and compelling arguments,

of them donating to Oxfam, whether in Hong Kong, where

this 540-page book from Oxfam International presents the causes and effects of

it all began, or in Australia (both in Melbourne and Sydney),

poverty and inequality, the massive human and economic costs, and many realistic solutions.

Belgium, England, Japan and New Zealand. As we go to print

• Written by Duncan Green, head of research at

with this edition of O.N.E, there is news that there will be

Oxfam Great Britain

four more events in 2009: in Canada, England, Ireland, and

• Foreword by Amartya Sen, economist, and

The Netherlands. Discussion is also continuing for a possible

Honorary Advisor, Oxfam International

Oxfam Trailwalker in Mainland China.

• In English, with summaries available in French,

It all started back in the 1970s, when a walking trail

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was made across some of the most beautiful parts of Hong Kong: one hundred kilometres of spectacular scenery,

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with pristine beaches, bamboo groves, rugged mountains,

• June, 2008

clear streams, grassy valleys, mature woodlands... In the

• ISBN 978-0-85598-593-6

past, much of this land in the ‘New Territories’, the part of

Download the whole book at: http://www.oxfam.org.uk/resources/fp2p/about.html

Hong Kong closest to the Mainland China border, had been restricted or closed to the public due to security reasons.

OXFAM in the NEWS

Instead of green expanse, we saw barbed wire fences and

A MINIMUM WAGE FOR HONG KONG

guard posts. When the route opened, residents of one of

Donald Tsang’s policy address of 15 October 2008 was titled Embracing New

the most densely populated areas in the world could have

Challenges. One major step in policy that the government is indeed taking is for the statutory minimum age, which Oxfam Hong Kong and other organisations have

access to better air, open nature. Still, Trailwalker began as a military exercise. Soldiers, all

been advocating for years now, along with other improvements in social security

men, were challenged to finish the 100km trail in 24 hours.

FROM HONG KONG to the WORLD

When the event opened to women and all civilians in 1986,

• November 7-9, 2008: Oxfam Hong Kong

the same year that Oxfam Hong Kong became involved,

• March 27-29, 2009: Melbourne, Oxfam Australia

participants were allowed 48 hours to complete the journey.

• April 4-5, 2009: Oxfam New Zealand

Some walk. Some run. Some take naps along the way. Some have hot meals prepared by supportive friends who meet them at strategic points. This year, Oxfam Hong Kong is hoping to have a

• May 22-24, 2009: Oxfam Japan • May 30-31, 2009: North England, Oxfam Great Britain • June 20-21, 2009: The Netherlands, Oxfam Novib

very special team ‘Beyond 512’, named after the May 12

• July 18-19, 2009: South England, Oxfam Great Britain

earthquake that devastated areas of Sichuan earlier this

• July 24-26, 2009: Oxfam Canada

year. The four team members may consist of two Sichuan

• August 29-30, 2009: Oxfam Solidarity in Belgium

earthquake survivors, a farmer and a pharmacy owner, and two photographers who volunteered with the relief efforts in Sichuan.

For more information: www.oxfamtrailwalker.org.hk

• August 28-30, 2009: Sydney, Oxfam Australia • Sep 2009: Oxfam Ireland • November 13-15, 2009: Oxfam Hong Kong

policy. Previously, the government was advocating its Wage Protection Movement, which only applies for cleaning and security workers, and is only voluntary for employers to join. In the address, Tsang’s second of the term, the Chief Executive confirmed to the Legislative Council that Hong Kong will have minimum wage legislation for all workers before the end of this financial year, which is 31 March, 2009. Tsang said that the minimum wage level will be determined by a new Minimum Wage Commission, to be set up under the Labour and Welfare Bureau. This is very good news for the workforce of Hong Kong, which currently consists of 506,300 employees who earn less than HK$5,000 a month (about US$645), with many of them even receiving less than HK$3,000 a month (about US$387). The lowincome workers tend to be women, middle-aged, or of South Asian descent. Poverty in the Hong Kong workforce has been increasing for over a decade. An Oxfam report published in September 2007 indicates from 1996 to 2006, the number of workers earning less than HK$5,000 a month increased by 87%, while the number earning less than $3,000 increased 103%. Re ce nt re s earch by Ox fam Hong Kong indicates that 72%

NewPartnerOrganisations

Ever y day, Ox fam Hong Kong works alongside hundreds of groups

of the general public suppor t

In this edition of O.N.E, we high-

To make things even harder, many of

light the Chengdu Women's

the village men have left to find jobs in

Federation. Based in the capital city

urban areas, so the women have been

of Sichuan province, the Federation has

left to manage all the farming work on

a broad network that can be utilised to

their own. They also have to take care of

implement rehabilitation projects after

elderly relatives and the children, who

a minimum wage. Internationally,

the devastating May 2008 earthquake. It

have also been left behind.

over 100 countries have already

the legislation; an increase since Oxfam’s last opinion poll, in 2005, at 58.5%. An Oxfam study in 2006 indicated that 60% of small-tomedium enterprises also support

enac ted legislation of a wage

is also aligned with Oxfam Hong Kong’s

The one-year project will help 100

principles of participatory programme

women restart their livelihoods, which

floor.

management. For these reasons, the

across rural China typically means

women’s group was selected to be an

raising pigs: the dung is sold as a

MOKUNG

Oxfam partner organisation.

fertiliser, and the livestock can be sold in

Oxfam’s Minimum Wage campaign display on the streets of Hong Kong. The six people, all well-known people in the community, are holding the Chinese punctuation mark “o” used at the end of a sentence. The campaign slogan can translate into English as “put an end (a full stop / period) to poverty”.

Oxfam Hong Kong publishes this quarterly magazine in Traditional Chinese. Mokung, which means both “no

around the world, from small NGOs to

The joint project will assist im-

times of need. The women participants

international bodies, from government

p ove ri s h e d wo m e n in t wo ru ral

will receive funds for raising pigs, and

departments of developing countries to

communities near Dujiangyan and

when the pigs give birth, piglets will be

community groups based in Hong Kong.

Pangzhou. Women there are in need

given to other poor women. They join in

Here are 10 ‘partner organisations’ that

of resources to begin again, as these

the management of the project and will

To subscribe : w w w.ox fam.org.hk / public / bookstore

we are supporting for the first time.

communities were seriously devastated,

also attend training in basic veterinary

/?lang=big5

if not entirely destroyed by the disaster.

skills and in marketing.

Mokung is online at www.oxfam.org.hk/public/contents

CHINA (MAINLAND)

poverty” and “infinity”, highlights a different aspect of development in each issue. The Editor is Tung Tsz-kwan. The current edition looks at food and inflation in Hong Kong. The next edition will focus on Climate Change.

/category?cid=1017&lang=big5

• GANSU Lintao Educational Bureau, Dingxi City • GUANGXI Health Department, Babu District,

ONE

Hezhou City

• GUIZHOU The Office for Supporting Remote

O.N.E – Oxfam News E-magazine – is uploaded

Areas of Congjiang County

• SICHUAN Chengdu Women's Federation • SICHUAN Yi Ethnic Women and Children

monthly at www.oxfam.org.hk/one. To receive a copy in your inbox, please

Development Center, Liangshan • SICHUAN Poverty Alleviation and Development Research Center, Yuexi • YUNNAN Bureau of Commerce, Luoping • YUNNAN People’s Government of Lanping County, Nujiang Prefecture • YUNNAN Shangri-la Institute for Sustainable Communities • YUNNAN Zhaoyang District People's Government, Zhaotong City

subscribe – it is free. To subscribe: www.oxfam.org.hk/one/subscribe.html

Hong Kong

17th Floor, 28 Marble Road, Northpoint, Hong Kong O. N .E is also on-line: www.oxfam.org.hk/one AFTER THE SICHUAN EARTHQUAKE: Pig raising has always been a main income source for women in rural China / Photo: Madeleine M. Slavick

Editor: Madeleine Marie Slavick (emagazine@oxfam.org.hk)

COVER: From One Square Foot, by John Fung

TRAILWALKER – A Hong Kong Export

O.N.E - November 2008  

Food price crisis

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