Beauford Club Magazine Winter 2020/21 #123

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The Beauford Club Magazine

The Beauford Club

Winter 2020/21 Issue 123


The Beauford Club Magazine

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The Beauford Club Magazine Position

Name

Address

Chairman

Nigel Whitworth

39 Mill Lane, Whaplode, Spalding, Lincs PE12 6TS

Telephone

07515 116756 Secretary and Membership Secretary

Liz Ovenden

17 Brooklime Drive, Boughton Vale, Rugby, Warwickshire CV23 0SF 01788 547033 liz.ovenden@beaufordclub.org.uk

Magazine Editor

Owen Copeland

Summer Rose, Lydia Street, Willington, Crook, DL15 0AE Editor.beaufordclub@gmail.com

Treasurer

Michelle Copeland

07519 654526

Summer Rose, Lydia Street, Willington, Crook, DL15 0AE 07595 631327 copeland.m66@gmail.com

Webmaster

Tony Ovenden

17 Brooklime Drive, Boughton Vale, Rugby, Warwickshire CV23 0SF

01788 547033

tony.ovenden@beaufordclub.org.uk Member

Member

Dennis Murphy

Paul Hicks

6 Mabledon Close, New Romney, Kent TN28 8HT dennisandmaureen72@gmail.com

01797 363886

Rosehill, Kellow, Looe, Cornwall PL13 1LE

01503 262069

paul.hicks@roaring30.co.uk Member

Keith Woolfenden

Oak Tree House, Green Lane, Pamber Green, Hampshire RG26 6AD

01256 851406

timtrav@aol.com Member

Colin Ingley

101 Fox Hollis Road, Sutton Coldfield,

B76 2RN

07940 260338

colingley@blueyonder.co.uk Member

Bill Buckley

18 Kelsey Lane, Balsall Common, Coventry CV7 7GL

01676 534877

Beauford Cars *

Dave Young

7 Brindley Court, Victoria Business Park, Knypersley, Stoke on Trent ST8 7PP

07850 699944

There is no current web site available

Young490@btinternet.com

Please note: The inclusion of material in or distributed with this magazine does not imply the endorsement or recommendation of that material. Members are advised to evaluate for themselves the suitability of material for their own purposes. Please mention the Beauford Club Magazine when replying to adverts

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The Beauford Club Magazine

Editor Owen Well, here we are again, time for the Winter edition of your Beauford Club magazine. Sadly due to the events ( non events) of 2020 there has been little to report from the kit car or classic car scene so pictures and stories from the past year are few and far between to include in this edition. There is however the continuing story of Liz & Tony and their journey throughout the years into the Beauford Club. Hopefully some of you have found time to do some of the routine maintenance jobs on your Beaufords in the expectation that you can re-Tax your car and enjoy the freedom of the open road later this year ( once we are allowed to travel beyond our own front door that is). I do hope that this will be the case and that you can share with me & the rest of the club through this quarterly magazine your stories and pictures. I know I’m looking forward to taking my cars out when I'm allowed as I have missed driving them. I have even found myself dreaming of future plans for Phoenix that I hope to make reality within the next 9 years– to tie in with the proposed ban of sale of new fossil fuel cars by 2030. I have been learning through internet reading that there are already business across the world that are turning classic cars into electric only cars involving batteries, motors, charging systems and brake changes involving Kinetic energy recovery systems. The price to do this doesn't seem totally impossible even today plus the technology to make this happen is already robust and getting better all of the time. I am therefore declaring that it is my intention to do this to the car I built and registered in 2014 and become an all electric Beauford at some point in my future. As the car is Kit form it should be quite straightforward to locate batteries under the floor and replace the combustion engine with a motor. I can only see the hardest part as how to balance the weight to keep ride, comfort and safety in harmony. However & whenever I get round to this I’m quite sure the result will be “cool”

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If I do pull it off then maybe I can keep a gas guzzling car such as a V8 of some kind. I've mentioned in previous editions that my favourite Beauford was my V8 “Ruby” but alas I let her go as the manual gearbox & clutch were not doing my left leg any favours. I have recently filled this void however by purchasing another Range Rover P38. 4 litre V8 Thor powered beast ( and everything works too— bonus). I last had one of these 8 years ago and it was my daily car. It didn't last though as an average 11 mpg was difficult to accept then. So now I have my Hybrid Mercedes E-Class for daily use, My Range Rover as a workhorse & play toy plus our 2 remaining Beaufords. Over the last few months Michelle and I have continued work on our church conversion and have now made significant inroads on the first floor construction. The replacement windows had been measured, ordered, delivered and fitted all before Christmas 2020– after all we don't have anywhere to go during this Pandemic. Car works have been limited to recharging the battery on my sons Corsa so I can take it for MOT test. This car too hasn't been driven for months but at least it flew through its MOT. Unlike my other sons Fiesta that failed its MOT 2 weeks ago. As he's a key worker it needed repairing immediately so I found myself replacing track rod ends and a whole front suspension arm outside in the recent very cold weather. Sometime its a curse that I can build and repair cars so my family all turn to me to keep them on the road. I don't charge anything to my sons for repairs I only expect them to buy their own parts, although they get me to find the right parts for them as they basically haven't got a clue. It would seem that in years to come my skill and knowledge of cars will be lost as my sons & daughters are not interested on knowing what makes a car work. I guess this is just a sign of the times however I'm confident that this is echoed across the Beauford ownership as these cars are built on donor cars from a generation ago. Maybe this is why I feel incentivised to convert my Beauford to electric in my lifetime in the hope that it will outlive me. Stay safe everyone

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The Beauford Club Magazine

Chairman Nigel Whitworth Well what a year 2020 was folk's..I think it's been a year for reverse gear for most of us. Who could ever have predicted this time last year what we have just experienced. A whole 365 day's ago myself and the good lady were in one of my favourite Cities - Edinburgh for 5 days to celebrate the New Year. It was an incredible experience with such a fantastic atmosphere all the time we were there. So many different people from all different nation's of the World coming together to welcome in 2020. Probably the streets would have been a totally different scene if we could have seen the future. There were an abundance of Chinese tourist and most of them wearing masks. I distinctly remember saying to Jane that they couldn't get a much fresher air than in Scotland. Probably they were already aware of something more than we were. Well the celebrations are a little different this year with a lot of us being in virtual lockdown. If the vaccination program gets a hold of this pandemic let us hope it's in time for our Beauford Bonanza and AGM at Stoneliegh scheduled for May. I see a few of you have been out and about in the last few of weeks completing your last Wedding bookings of 2020 ..mostly in the snow making some great pictures. I was actually thinking my new heater replacement earlier in the year hasn't actually had much use this year. We were supposed to be out twice in January but with now being introduced intoTier 4 in Lincolnshire followed by a new National lockdown surrounding close border Counties also Tier 4 too these obviously got postponed once again so that's it "Boudicea " is now SORN’d along with "Bonnie" our stretch Beauford..I really hope you all have a brighter 2021 for both business and pleasure.. Going through a couple of collected pictures and came across these two... Picture 1 is a Beauford serving the late great Sir Bruce Forsyth for a special night. 6


The Beauford Club Magazine

Picture 2 is the lovely Fleur East winner of the X Factor in 2005 on her Wedding day..

Also I have to show you Picture 3 which I had a little chuckle about..One of our member's parking in front of a colour coded scrap metal sign..Dennis I do hope you changed your mind and took it home.

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The Beauford Club Magazine

Chairman’s Choice Award Many thanks for your latest entries for the best Beauford picture. Although some of them unfortunately didn't come within the guidelines of the competition. ie no people or decorations just the car on it's own. Such a shame as some of the pictures were fantastic. I know originally I ask you to include places of interest and a short story to accompany the picture to make interesting articles for the magazine but I understand how difficult it is with most of you unable to take the Beauford's out due to restrictions and cars being SORN. I was even asked by a member if they should take a picture on there drive. So for the Spring edition I am just going to relax the no decorations rule but still stipulate the no people rule.. If you entered the Winter edition with ribbons etc please resubmit them again for the next edition Anyway I am pleased to announce this Winter edition Chairman's choice Best Beauford picture goes to (drum roll.....)......goes to Roger Barlow with the following picture taken in The Courtyard of the Villa san Donato in the City of Lucca which is in the Tuscanny region of Italy situated on the Serchio river. Lucca is the birthplace of the famous composer Casa di Puccini and in the Roman times Lucca was a regular meeting place for Julius Caesar and Crassus..It's known for the well preserved Renaissance walls encircling it's historic City centre and it's cobblestone streets, broad tree lined pathways along the tops of these 16th and 17th century ramparts are popular for strolling and cycling ..Also not far from the famous leaning tower of Pisa.. Congratulations Roger your trophy will be on it's way shortly.

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The Beauford Club Magazine

Car Triva Quiz Nigel Whitworth 1. In what year did Auto Insurance become available to drivers? A. 1897 B. 1890 C. 1902 D. 1918 2. Harley Earl introduces what feature to the Chevy Cadillac in 1948 A. Wheel Wells B. Radio C. Blinkers D. Tail Fins E. Side Mirrors 3. A. B. C. D.

Why was a national speed limit of 55 mph enacted in 1974? Increase in automobile accidents Increase in speeding tickets Oil Shortage Increase in city traffic

4. When did Chrysler first officially use the "Hemi" name? A. 1964 B. 1954 C. 1965 D. 1960 5. What was the first Japanese car to be produced in the United States? A. Toyota Camry B. Honda Civic C. Nissan Altima D. Honda Accord E. Subaru WRX 6. What was Henry Ford most famous for? A. Inventing the Automobile B. Inventing Combustion Engines C. Development of the assembly line used in mass production D. Development of the Ford Mustang 9


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7. What video game comes standard in every Saab equipped with a GM Tech II? A. Tetris B. Mario Cart C. Centipede D. Pong 8. What tailgate accessory did the first and second generation Honda CRV’s come equipped with? A. Beverage Cooler B. Tailgate Grill C. Picnic Table D. Porta-Potty 9. What was the last automaker to offer cassette players in their vehicles? A. Ford B. Lexus C. Honda D. Chevrolet 10. Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini and Porsche are auto manufacturers under what flagship company? A. BMW B. Jaguar C. Volkswagen D. Subaru

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The Beauford Club Magazine

Club Secretary Liz OVENDEN’S OFFERING Christmas is now over and I am typing this on New Year’s Eve. As the years go by, I tend to think more and more that Christmas is being hyped up to something it isn’t. I know its traditional for families to get together at this time of year, celebrate and swop presents, but surely this can be done at any time of the year – why wait for December to think about visiting family, why not do this at any time of the year. This is especially true this year with the pandemic and associated things to do with it. We had planned to visit family in Wales but decided against it because of the virus and as it turned out we would not have been allowed to visit anyway. Our next choice was to have Christmas dinner with good friends who live about a mile away, but again after much thought on both our parts it was decided not to do this, but to put it off for a few months when hopefully the situation will be better and we can truly meet again without wondering if we are either giving or receiving that most unwelcome of gifts. Christmas always starts for us on the 23rd December as this is my birthday. We usually go out for a meal but this year we celebrated with a Chinese takeaway which in itself meant that I did not have to cook. Christmas Eve was pizza night (from the freezer) and Christmas day we had a traditional dinner about 3.00 and then television and chocolates for the rest of the afternoon and evening. The next couple of days was much of the same until I realised that all this inactivity was causing me to seize up and that it was time to get back to “normal” eating habits. Amazing what a bit more movement can do and my joints are now back to normal, although I suspect my weight is not!

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The Beauford Club Magazine

I think I mentioned in the last edition that Tony was taking the radiator cowling off the car with a view to getting it chrome re-sprayed. Once the cowling was off we decided to take it down to a place in Kent to get it sorted out. The journey should have taken us about an hour and a half but due to unforeseen traffic around the Dartford crossing, the journey down took three and a half hours. Originally, we were going to go down drop the cowling off, spend the rest of the day with friends, have a night in a hotel and come home the next day. However, due to tier changes, this was not to be so as Tony drove down, I said I would drive back. This I did, coming home via the M40 rather than the M1 and once we got off the M25 the journey was fairly straight forward and took about two hours. We decided we would think about when we would go down and collect it. However, once the cowling was finished, we had a phone call from Ernest (the sprayer) who said he would arrange to have it couriered back to us and it would probably have cost us more in petrol to collect it. About a week later it arrived, having first been delivered to the wrong address (slight panic but we got it sorted). He must have used yards and yards of bubble wrap, at least a whole real of brown tape and enough cardboard to fill our recycling bin, but I have attached a photo of it shown when it first arrived. For some strange reason, I have managed to take a photo showing the model car Tony bought a year or so ago and I’m quite impressed with it (the photo). In the next edition I will try and take a photo of it on the car.

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The Beauford Club Magazine

Meanwhile, back on the home front, the new kitchen doors and drawers are all fitted and we have decorated the bedroom (ran out of reasons not to) and I’m very pleased with it. A friend of mine had just had her hall, stairs and landing decorated by a couple of chaps who had recently started up their own decorating business so she gave me their name and they have done ours as well!! They were very good and wore masks and we tried not to get too near them – they even cleaned up every evening before going home. We are now into 2021 as I continue typing this. The UK is now back to being a fairly independent nation and we are no longer ruled by Brussels – no more arguments over our British sausages and pasties and when hopefully we do get to go on holiday again, we will only be allowed to bring home (and I think this is right) 4 litres of spirits and 24 bottles of wine each! How many bottles of wine can you get in a suitcase.. Back to the cars, I’m afraid that at this moment in time I cannot give you any information about any future shows or events, but I am ever hopeful that as we all start to get our vaccines then the Covid situation will improve and we will be able to get out and about and shows will start to happen. Hopefully by the time the April/Spring edition of the magazine comes out I will have more to report plus if I hear anything in the meantime, I will put it on the web site. Our Complete Kit Car Magazine has just arrived and there is no mention of any shows in there either. Finally, I would like to wish you all a better 2021. I hope you all stay well, get your vaccines and that we will be able to meet up again soon.

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The Beauford Club Magazine

Subscriptions Just a reminder the subscriptions are all due on the 1st March 2021. They are £20 plus £10 for the wedding listing. A lot of members have standing orders with their banks and hopefully they have all been undated to £20 for membership. You can still also pay by cheque, cash (if I see you personally) or by paypal if you are a European or overseas member (sorry I tend to discourage paypal as they charge us £1 commission on each payment) but if this is your only option then so be it. I’m enclosing a membership renewal form. This is going out to everyone as its easier to do this than try and work out who wants one and who does not. If you are sending a cheque if possible, please write your membership number on the back – especially if it is a company one as memberships are in individual names not company names. Also if you are paying by bank transfer please quote your reference number in the details. Don’t forget if you have moved or changed your phone number or email address in the last year do let me know on the form. White Wall Tyres I have recently received an email from a fairly new member of our club telling me about an American site he had found who were selling White Wall Tyre Inserts for wheels. They do a set of four 15” ones to fit a Beauford at a cost of $49 but with free postage. Their address is www.portawallshop.com This led me to tell him our story of white wall tyre inserts: we had put them on our car and were one day heading up the M1 when there was an almighty explosion – the back offside tyre had exploded taking out part of the wing and the back-light stalk. Apparently, the inserts can cause the tyre walls to wear thin. Meanwhile I have been going through some old back issues of our magazine and have just come across an article in the Winter 1994 and I quote it word for word as follows:

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“A cautionary tale for all those members of the Beauford Club who have fitted white walls to the tyres of their pride and joy. “Whilst washing my car the other day I noticed some white specks on the wall of the off side rear tyre, just outside the circumference of the white wall. You can imagine my horror when a closer inspection revealed that the white specks were the nylon belting and that a deep groove had been worn around the whole tyre. An inspection of the other tyres also exposed deep grooves, on the rear near side such that belting can be seen in a couple of places and on the front tyres a groove about half the depth of those on the rear. The tyres have only covered 6,000 miles and the tread is showing little or no sign of wear. One of the spare tyres which has covered about 500 miles is showing signs of a slight groove around the circumference of the white wall. “Fortunately, in this case the cost is just a couple of new tyres and the scrapping of all the white walls, although one dreads to think what might have happened had it gone unnoticed. “I gather from a conversation with Hillary Gaskell (one of the then owners of Beauford Cars) that Beauford have heard of shallow grooves being worn in tyre walls by white walls, but nothing as serious as this has been previously encountered, even after some extensive mileage. In fact, it was noticed on one of their demonstrators, but in the instance the groove which appeared quite early on did not get worse. Hillary says that she does warn anyone who buys their white walls from them, but hopefully this will bring back to the minds of those who might have forgotten. I for one will be doing without white walls from now on. Peter Maynard Edition No.21, Winter 1994” Back in 1994, most of the cars on the road were for private use and were not high mileage vehicles. However, bearing in mind what happened to our car – and it would seem to be the rear tyres which are effected the most, that if you do have these fitted on your Beauford, then please check the tyres and make sure that they are safe and if necessary, remove the white walls if only for safety sake. When our tyre exploded we were doing 70 mph on the outside lane of the motorway so we were very lucky to come out of this unscathed. 15


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Regalia/Spares

Top to bottom, left to right: Non Member Flying lady £165 Headlamp rim £25 Beauford scroll £25 Heavy chrome badge £25 Sew on badge £2 Blue/chrome badge £25 Bumper end tube £4 Bumper tube cap £10 Vin plate £10 R/Board strip caps 2 types £1.75 Lapel badge £3 Old style key ring £3 New type key ring £5

Member £150 £20 £20 £20 £1.50 £20 £3 £9.50 £9 £1.50 £2.50 £2.50 £4.50

P&P £10* £5.00 £1.00 £3.00 0.60p £2.00 POA 0.80p 0.60p POA 0.80p 0.80p 0.80p

*includes insurance Postage is UK only and on Multiple items will be adjusted

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Tony & Liz Ovenden Our Beauford Journey and memories – Part 2 I’m really not sure now how far I had got up to with my Club memories but I have just spent the last two afternoons going through old magazines from the beginning of 1994 to December 1998 (Nos.15 to 37) and surprisingly some things have not changed much. In those early days there were also two functions a year on top of all the kit car shows. These were a Christmas dinner and dance and usually another hotel week-end for a dinner/dance with the AGM being held on the Sunday morning. Tony and I had our first Beauford outing to Rowton Hall, Chester in November 1994 and it was a brilliant week-end. Although we arrived not knowing anyone, by the time we left we had made many friends. I remember we all went in convoy around Chester and caused quite a stir especially when the car in front took us up a road which turned out to be a dead end, so we all had to queue whilst every car did a U turn. My other outstanding memory of this week-end was that all the Beaufords were parked outside the dining room. When we came to leave on the Sunday morning, all the cars were being started. However, Tony had built ours as the first diesel Beauford so when he started ours up there was a huge plume of black diesel smoke belch out from the exhaust and guess which dining room window was open! In March 1995 we attended a dinner and dance at Walton Hall, near Stratford upon Avon which was a fancy dress affair. I remember going as a little devil in a red dress with horns and a devil’s prodder stick (can’t think of its proper name) whilst Tony was dressed up as a monk, so we really were the opposites of each other. Again, I can’t remember much about the dinner and dance (probably too much alcohol) but the AGM was held on the Sunday morning.

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Nowadays if we are not using our cars then we put them on a SORN but back in the years prior to 1995, if you had a car then you had to tax it regardless of whether it was being used or not. I see from the magazines that there was a bit of a campaign organised by classic car owners and kit car owners to have the law changed, and I guess it worked because SORN was introduced in this year or soon after. Also around about this time the SVA came into force and it was announced that all petrol would become unleaded, this latter statement causing great concern to the kit car market. In 1995 the club also received an invitation from the Blackpool Lions to participate in their annual carnival parade which took place on the first week-end of August. There was always about six or so cars turned up for this and it was a nice week-end away. We normally travelled up either on Friday evening or Saturday morning and stayed at a very friendly bed and breakfast up on the north shore. This gave us Saturday to have a mooch round the town and admire all the tat on the sea front available for purchase. Saturday evening meal always meant a visit to a fish and chip restaurant for an enormous piece of fish with chips followed by a leisurely walk back up to the B&B. Sunday morning there was a quick polish of the cars and then a slow drive down to the south shore where the parade started. We always carried dignitaries and carnival princesses in our cars and usually led the parade, which normally took about an hour and a half to travel the one and a half miles along the promenade. There were always hundreds of people lining the street to watch the parade and afterwards everyone went to a nearly park for the afternoon get together. Unfortunately, after doing this parade for a few years health and safety kicked in and the parade was cancelled – such a shame as it was an enjoyable week-end. It was in March 1996 at the AGM in York that I was voted onto the Committee as Secretary, which meant that I was now in charge of organising events. In those days we did go to lots of shows and had assorted outings and of course as already mentioned the AGM was always held at a hotel as was the Christmas party. 19


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This means that in March this year, I will celebrate 25 years as your Secretary I think this has now become a way of life to me. I am not sure who did the events organising before me but whoever it was had for one reason or another left the Committee. Mary Keeble, the then Membership Secretary said that it would be too much for her to take on the Secretary’s position, so hence the job became mine. My actual work did involve booking hotels and functions so I was used to doing this sort of thing so took on the Secretary job of the Beauford Club quite happily. I then organised the Christmas dinner and dance at Chester again, followed by the next two Christmas dinner and dances at a hotel in Bromsgrove, and it was at this Christmas D&D at Bromsgrove that Gordon and Hillary made their final appearance and introduced us all to Charles and David Young the new owners of the Company. The next two AGMs at the Eathorpe Park Hotel near Stratford (1997) where we had a Murder Mystery evening, a great fun time was had by all especially Ken Price (the notorious “KP”, a bit of a nut) who turned out to be the murderer. The 1998 AGN was then held at the Hinckley Island Hotel, at Hinkley, Leicestershire. This was the last time we held the AGM at a hotel as the number of members who attended the AGM was dwindling and it was not viable to hire a room plus room accommodation for those who did want to attend. It was at the AGM in 1997 that Mary decided that she no longer wished to carry on as Membership Secretary and I then took over this position. Having collected all the paperwork etc from Mary, the first thing I had to do was get all the membership information on a spreadsheet, and that spreadsheet is still in use now. It was in 1999 that I discovered that if you were a club attending the Kit Car Show at Stoneleigh you were entitled to a free one hour booking at their conference room facilities at Stoneleigh, and we have been holding our AGMs there since 1999.

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In the last edition I mentioned about the club tent which originally belonged to a Scout group. As they no longer had use for it, it had been donated to our club (I think one of our members was possibly a Scout Master). As previously mentioned, this tent was a right so and so to erect as it was a mass of poles which used to take a good two hours to suss out. At one show I decided to mark all the poles before it was dismantled and this I did marking them R1, 2, 3, etc and L1, 2, 3, etc. However what I had failed to make a note of was I standing at the front or the back of the tent when marking the poles left and right. This apparently caused even more problems! In 1996 at the AGM it was agreed that the club would invest in a new collapsible gazebo (11’ X 11’) which we did. This worked extremely well until a few years later, we were going to the Car Show at Newark where it is very open and can be very windy. We put the gazebo up on the Saturday, went off to our hotel but on returning Sunday morning discovered that it was not there. The wind had come up Saturday night and lifted the gazebo off its legs, pulled all the tent pegs out of the ground, and had moved it some way away, a bent and buckled mass of metal. We managed to salvage most of the chairs which were scattered around the showground and most of the other stuff. It was then that we ordered two new gazebos, the ones which we have now, and also the club trailer which we used, despite having an extension and lid on it (courtesy of Beauford Cars) was getting too small for all our club stuff. We then looked around and bought the club trailer which we now use. The trailer was made by a company in Merthyr Tydfil and when it was ready Tony and Ken Price took Tony’s car (which had a tow bar) down to collect it. I remember this very well as Tony got caught by a speed camera on the way down and at the same camera on the way back!

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Since Joining the club we have had seven Chairmen (one twice), five Treasurers, six editors (one of whom became our Chairman) and three membership secretaries (one of whom is me). There have been 123 quarterly magazines, including this one. Magazines 1-14 were on foolscap paper and photocopied and sent out, Magazines 15-87 were A5 size, doubled sided, photocopied on a printer which was a bit temperamental, collated by hand, stapled and sent out (a task taking several days), and then magazines 88 to current are compiled, edited and uploaded to the printers and delivered to me three or four days later for eventual posting. Other things which have come and gone over the years are a wedding operators list which was distributed to all those who did weddings but was superseded by the web site, a Builders Bible which was a compilation of “how to do all things Beauford” which was a mammoth cut and paste job on my part (I still have the original). I’m sure there are lots of other things I could tell you about, but the going through the old editions takes longer than the actual typing of it here. However: Just spotted this in an old edition – the price of petrol in 1992 – actual cost of petrol to produce 46p, oil company profit 18p, petrol station profit 12p, excise duty and VAT £1.63 making a total cost to the motorist of £2.39 per GALLON. I guess this is one reason why we now buy it in litres! Finally I am going to finish by wishing you all a good new year and ask you all to take care over the coming months and as lockdown has just been announced, I hope you will all survive this not going out and that you all get your vaccines soon. Liz

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Understanding car 12v Electrical System Albert Henneman What is a relay?

A relay is essentially a switch that is operated electrically rather than mechanically. Although there are various relay designs, the ones most commonly found in low voltage auto and marine applications are electro-mechanical relays that work by activating an electromagnet to pull a set of contacts to make or break a circuit. These are used extensively throughout vehicle electrical systems. Why might I want to use a relay? There are several reasons why you might want or need to use a relay: Switching a high current circuit using a lower current circuit This is the most common reason and useful where an in-line switch or the existing circuit does not have the capacity to handle the current required. For example, if you wanted to fit some high power work lights that come on with the headlights but there is a risk that they would exceed the capacity of the existing loom. Cost saving High current capacity wiring and switches cost more than lower current capacity versions, so by using relays the requirement for the more expensive components is minimised. Activating more than one circuit from a single input You can use a single input from one part of an electrical system (e.g. central locking output, manual switch etc.) to activate one or more relays that then complete one or more other circuits and so carry out multiple functions from one input signal. Carrying out logic functions Electromagnetic relays can be put to some quite clever (and complex) 23


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applications when linked up to perform logical operations based on certain inputs (for example, latching a +12V output on and off from a momentary input, flashing alternative left and right lights etc.). Although these logical functions have now been superseded by electronic modules for OEM designs, it can still be useful, fun and often more cost effective to use relays to perform them for some after-market projects (particularly where you have a bespoke application). Note: In this article we are going to focus on ISO mini or 'standard' relays which have a 1" cube body and are the most commonly used in vehicle electrical systems Construction and operation Inside a relay. This is what the inside of an ISO mini relay looks like:

A copper coil around an iron core (the electromagnet) is held in a frame or 'yoke' from which an armature is hinged. One end of the armature is connected to a tension spring which pulls the other end of the armature up. This is the relay in its de-energised state or 'at rest' with no voltage applied. The braided bonding strap provides a good electrical connection between the armature and yolk, rather than relying on contact between the armature pivot point alone. The coil and contact (or contacts) are then connected to various terminals on the outside of the relay body.

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When the coil is supplied with voltage a magnetic field is generated around it which pulls the hinged armature down onto the contact. This completes the 'high' current circuit between the terminals and the relay is said to be energised. When voltage is removed from the coil terminal the spring pulls the armature back into it's 'at rest' position and breaks the circuit between the terminals. So by applying or removing power to the coil (the low current circuit) we switch the high current circuit on or off. Note: It is important to understand that the coil circuit and the current-carrying (or switched) circuit are electrically isolated from one another within the relay. The coil circuit simply switches the high current circuit on. The following simplified circuit diagram is often used to easily understand how a relay operates:

The ISO mini relay we have looked at has 4 pins (or terminals) on the body and is referred to as a make & break relay because there is one high current circuit and a contact that is either open or closed depending upon whether the relay is at rest or energised. If the contact is broken with the relay at rest then the relay is referred to as Normally Open (NO) and if the contact is closed with the relay at rest then the relay is referred to as Normally Closed (NC). Normally Open relays are the more common type. ISO mini relays with two circuits, one of which is closed when the relay is at rest and the other which is closed when the relay is energised, have 5 pins on the body and are referred to as changeover relays. These have two contacts connected to a common terminal. Make & break relays are also known as Single Pole Single Throw (SPST) and changeover relays as Single Pole Double Throw (SPDT). This is based on standard switch terminology. There are other contact 25


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configurations discussed below but make & break and changeover relays are the most commonly used. The terminal numberings found on a relay body are taken from DIN 72552 which is a German automotive industry standard that has been widely adopted and allocates a numeric code to various types of electrical terminals found in vehicles. The terminals on the outside of a 4 or 5 pin mini relay are marked with numbers as shown below:

Terminal/Pin number

Connection

85

Coil

86

Coil

87

Normally Open (NO)

87a Terminal/Pin number 30

Normally Closed (NC) - not present on 4 pin relays Connection Common connection to NO & NC terminals

According to DIN 72552 the coil should be fed with +12V to terminal 86 and grounded via terminal 85, however in practice it makes no difference which way around they are wired, unless you are using a relay with an integrated diode (see more info on diodes below). Tip: you can use a changeover relay in place of a make & break relay by just leaving either the NO or NC terminal disconnected (depending on whether you want the circuit to be made or broken when you energise the relay). 26


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Terminal layouts The automotive ISO mini relays we have been looking at above are typically available in two types of pin layout designated Type A and Type B layouts. These layouts are shown on the two 5-pin relays below (pin 87a not present on 4 pin relays):

You will notice that on the Type B layout pins 86 and 30 are swapped over compared with the Type A layout. The Type B layout is arguably easier to work with as the connected terminals are in-line, making the wiring easier to visualise. If you need to replace a relay make sure you use one with the same terminal layout as it is easy to overlook if you're not aware of the difference. The terminal widths used on 4 and 5 pin relays are almost always 6.3mm wide, however some more specialist relays can have terminal widths of 2.8mm, 4.8mm and 9.5mm. The 9.5mm wide terminals tend to be used for higher power applications (such as for starter motor solenoid activation) and the smaller terminals tend to be used for electronics signalling where only very low currents are required. All widths will be compatible with the standard female blade crimp terminals of the corresponding sizes. This is the current carrying capacity of the high current circuit(s) and is normally between 25A and 40A, however it is sometimes shown as a dual rating on changeover relays e.g. 30/40A. In the case of dual ratings the normally closed circuit is the lower of the two, so 30A/40A, NC/NO for the example given. The current draw of the coil is not normally shown but is typically 150-200 mA with a corresponding coil resistance of around 80-60 Watts Tip: Knowing the coil resistance is useful when testing the relay for a fault with a multi-meter. A very high resistance or open circuit reading can indicate a damaged coil. 27


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For Sale For Sale; Walnut Burr Veneer Door Caps, In very good condition, from a 4 door Beauford built some time 1990's Removed 2005 Any suitable offer over £60.00 accepted; £8.00 for post and package. Contact Brian 07974104668

Something Extra from Footman James There are a lots of things different since 2019 and one of the Insurance companies that advertises in this– your Beauford Club Magazine reached out to us asking for feedback on how our Car Enthusiast club is coping with lockdowns & restrictions. Emma Dodds from Footman James has shared this, the latest link to “The FJ Times” Just “click” on the link ( if your reading an electronic copy your Beauford Magazine) or type this address into your computer website address bar www.footmanjames.co.uk/the-footman-james-times 28


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Quiz Answers 1. Answer A. The first auto insurance policy is purchased in Westfield, MA in 1897 2. Answer D. Harley Earl introduces the tail fin on the Cadillac in 1948 which continue to grace the rear of Cadillacs for another decade. 3. Answer C. Oil Shortage. The National Maximum Speed Law (NMSL) in the United States was a provision of the 1974 Emergency Highway Energy Conservation Act that prohibited speed limits higher than 55 miles per hour (90 km/h). It was drafted in response to oil price spikes and supply disruptions during the 1973 oil crisis. While officials hoped gasoline consumption would fall by 2.2%, actual savings are estimated at between 0.5% and 1%. 4. Answer A. 1964. Even though Chrysler make engines with hemi heads in the 50s, it wasn’t until 1964 when they revived the hemi head design and officially used the “Hemi" name. 5. Answer D. In November of 1982, the first American-produced Honda Accord rolled off the assembly line at the Marysville Auto Plant in Ohio, making it the first Japanese car to be produced in the United States. The Accord would prove quite popular. In its first year of production, it became the best-selling Japanese car in the United States — a title which it would hold for the next 15 years. 6. Answer C. The “Model-T” was the first car to be mass-produced. Henry Ford introduced the assembly line in December of 1908, and as a result he was not only able to mass-produce the Model-T, but was able to offer it to his customers at a much lower price than the competition. By 1913, Ford was producing half of all cars sold in the United States, and by 1927, he had sold more than 15 million Model-Ts! 7. Answer D. When using the GM Tech II on a Saab 9-3 SS (I believe this works on 2003-2007 cars) if you go into the Airbag/SRS system submenu, there is a easter egg that allows the tech to play Pong on the Tech II. 8. Answer C. The first and second generations of Honda’s winsome compact SUV came with a standard flip-out picnic table. For first gens, there was also an optional shower kit for the back, too. 9. Answer A. While the Lexus SC430 came with a standard cassette player until 2010, the very last car to be able to play cassettes was the Ford Crown Vic, which still had an optional player in 2011. 10. Answer C. Volkswagen Group sells passenger cars under the Audi, Bentley, the Audi, Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini, Porsche, SEAT, Škodaand Volkswagen marques; motorcycles under the Ducati brand; and commercial vehicles under the MAN, Scania,Neoplan and Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles marques. It is divided into two primary divisions, the Automotive Division and the Financial Services Division, and has approximately 340 subsidiary companies 29


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