Page 1


Series: STRIVING TO IMPROVE Title: Writing Book 1 © 2013 Ready-Ed Publications Printed in Ireland Edited by Lindsay Marsh Contributing authors: Jude Scott, Sally Murphy, Frances Croft.

Acknowledgements i. Clip art images have been obtained from Microsoft Design Gallery Live and are used under the terms of the End User License Agreement for Microsoft Word 2000. Please refer to www.microsoft.com/permission. i. Front cover: i-stock Photos.

Copyright Notice The purchasing educational institution and its staff have the right to make copies of the whole or part of this book, beyond their rights under the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (the Act), provided that: 1.

The number of copies does not exceed the number reasonably required by the educational institution to satisfy its teaching purposes;

2.

Copies are made only by reprographic means (photocopying), not by electronic/digital means, and not stored or transmitted;

3.

Copies are not sold or lent;

4.

Every copy made clearly shows the footnote, ‘Ready-Ed Publications’.

Any copying of this book by an educational institution or its staff outside of this blackline master licence may fall within the educational statutory licence under the Act. The Act allows a maximum of one chapter or 10% of the pages of this book, whichever is the greater, to be reproduced and/or communicated by any educational institution for its educational purposes provided that

educational institution (or the body that administers it) has given a remuneration notice to Copyright Agency Limited (CAL) under Act. For details of the CAL licence for educational institutions contact: Copyright Agency Limited Level 19, 157 Liverpool Street Sydney NSW 2000 Telephone: (02) 9394 7600 Facsimile: (02) 9394 7601 E-mail: info@copyright.com.au Reproduction and Communication by others Except as otherwise permitted by this blackline master licence or under the Act (for example, any fair dealing for the purposes of study, research, criticism or review) no part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, communicated or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written permission. All inquiries should be made to the publisher at the address below.

Published by: Ready-Ed Publications PO Box 276 Greenwood WA 6024 www.readyed.net info@readyed.com.au

ISBN: 978 186 397 854 5 2


Contents Teachers’ Notes

4

Section One: Prefixes and Suffixes

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Prefixes 1 Prefixes 2 Prefixes 3 Prefixes 4 Prefixes 5 Suffixes 1 Suffixes 2 Suffixes 3 Suffixes 4 Suffixes 5 Suffixes 6 Suffixes and Prefixes

Section Two: Plurals Plurals 1 Plurals 2 Plurals 3 Plurals 4 Plurals 5 Unusual Plurals All Types of Plurals 1 All Types of Plurals 2

Section Three: Nouns Nouns Proper Nouns Common and Proper Nouns Collective Nouns Abstract Nouns Four Types of Nouns

Section Four: Verbs and Adverbs Verbs 1 Verbs 2 Verbs 3 Verbs 4 Verbs 5 Adverbs More Adverbs

Section Five: Adjectives

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41

Adjectives More Adjectives Quantitative Adjectives Comparative and Superlative Adjectives 1 Comparative and Superlative Adjectives 2 Comparative and Superlative Adjectives 3 Expanding Adjectives

42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

Answers

50-55 3


Teachers’ Notes Writing Book 1 is part of the Striving To Improve series which is targeted at children aged between 11 and 15 years who are struggling to meet the expected requirements specified by the curriculum relevant to their age group. The children who you teach may be struggling with their school work because they have been diagnosed with learning difficulties such as ADHD or dyslexia. They may be struggling because of social factors which have resulted in them missing a lot of school. Whatever the reason, this book will help students begin to write more clearly, accurately and confidently. Activities in this book are linked to learning standards appropriate for Classes 5 and 6, so children feel that what is being asked of them is actually achievable. To make the tasks more manageable, they have been broken down into small parts which gives each student the opportunity to process one idea at a time. Time limits have been either abandoned or made flexible for students. With this book you can prevent those students who have been left behind from regressing any further, and help them to feel that they too can be successful at school.

4


Section One: Prefixes and Suffixes

www.istock.com/Yuri_Arcurs

5


Æ Prefixes 1 A prefix is a group of letters added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning. For example, the prefix pre, meaning before, can be added to the word heat, to make the new word preheat, meaning to heat beforehand. When adding a prefix, it is not necessary to change the spelling of the base word.

* TASK A

Look at the prefixes and their meanings below.

Pre: means before, such as preschool and prearrange. Un: changes the meaning of a word to its opposite, such as unemployed and undo. Re: means again, such as redo, revisit and review. Semi: means half or partly, such as semicircle and semiconscious.

* TASK B

Highlight the prefix in each word below, then write a sentence for each prefixed word.

preschool: ______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ prearrange: ______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ unemployed: ____________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ undo: ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ redo: ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ revisit: __________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ review:__________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ semicircle: _______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ semiconscious: ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 6


Æ Prefixes 2

* TASK

Add prefixes to the words below to create new words. Choose from: un, re, semi and pre. Write the meanings of the new words. Some words can take more than one prefix.

____ happy:

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

____ formal:

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

____ plug:

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

____ paint:

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

____ acceptable: ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ____ permanent: ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ____ final:

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

____paid:

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

____real:

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

____release:

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

____awake:

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

____entry:

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

____sale:

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

____run:

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

7


Æ Prefixes 3 A prefix can often be used to create the opposite of a word. The prefixes below (sometimes called negative prefixes), mean not, wrong or against. un

* TASK A

non

in

dis

mis

im

anti

Create the opposite of each word below by adding a prefix from the list above.

fortune: ____________________

employed:

social:

____________________

destructible: _____________________

respect:

____________________

probable:

_____________________

honest:

____________________

sincere:

_____________________

definite: ____________________

patient:

_____________________

frequent: ____________________

perfect:

_____________________

appear:

____________________

sense:

_____________________

septic:

____________________

comfort:

_____________________

* TASK B

_____________________

Choose a prefixed word from TASK A to fit each definition.

1. Not likely to happen:

_________________________________

2. To vanish:

_________________________________

3. Used to cleanse a wound: _________________________________ 4. Unbreakable; immortal:

_________________________________

5. Not genuine:

_________________________________

6. Meaningless; absurd:

_________________________________

7. Not liking company:

_________________________________

8. Uneasiness:

_________________________________

Challenge: You should have found two opposites beginning with the prefix anti. How many more anti words do you know? Write them on the back of this sheet. 8


Æ Prefixes 4

* TASK A

The word uni means one, so a unicycle is a cycle with one wheel. Work out which number each prefix below represents, then write down one word for each prefix. uni

one

unicycle

bi tri quad oct cent milli

* TASK B

* TASK C

Create the opposite of each word below by adding a prefix. _____ possible

_____ fortunate

_____ responsible

_____ probable

_____ adequate

_____ respectful

_____ appear

_____ expensive

Write a little story or poem using as many prefixed words as you can. Give your story or poem a title.

________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

9


Æ Prefixes 5 TASK A * 1. Circle the words that can have the prefix mis added. trust

help

led

load

use

place

name

mission

2. Circle the words that can have the prefix re added. move

better

draw

paint

chair

address

do

try

pay hike

lawn visit

hill tall

3. Circle the words that can have the prefix un added. fit

phone

truth

afraid

carry

tied

walk

run

able

clean

4. Circle the words that can have the prefix super added. human

hero

bath

rabbit

sensitive

man

woman

towel

5. Circle the words that can have the prefix sub added. zero

garden

marine

worm

way

merge

ring

6. Circle the words that can have the prefix fore added. head

stick

table

house

warn

tell

cast

* TASK B

1. Create a sentence which includes one prefix from four of the boxes above. Example: Superman misplaced his sandwich and was unable to revisit the shop. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 2. In your own words define prefix. __________________________________________________________________________ 10


Æ Suffixes 1 A suffix is a group of letters (for example ing, er, or ed) added to the end of a word, usually to make another form of the word. When a prefix is added, the spelling of the base word does not usually alter. When adding suffixes however, there are several rules to remember when deciding whether or not to change the spelling of the base word.

RULE

If the base word has only one syllable (e.g. run), double the final consonant, unless it is preceded by a double vowel (e.g. fool), or the word ends in a w (e.g. brew) or in two consonants (e.g. end).

1

Fybnqmft

* TASK

run

running

runner

fool

fooling

fooled

brew

brewing

brewed

end

ending

ended

Practise this rule by adding ing, er and ed to the words below. You will not be able to add all three suffixes to every word.

1. cram:

________________________________________________________

2. buzz:

________________________________________________________

3. pour:

________________________________________________________

4. bomb:

________________________________________________________

5. dream:

________________________________________________________

6. hop:

________________________________________________________

7. jar:

________________________________________________________

8. eat:

________________________________________________________

Challenge: The suffix ed is usually used to form the past tense of a word. Which word in the exercise above has a past tense not ending in ed? _________________________________________________________

11


Æ Suffixes 2 The second rule for adding suffixes is for longer words which end in a single consonant preceded by a vowel.

RULE

If, when said aloud, the stress is on the first syllable, don’t double the final consonant. If the stress is on the second syllable the final consonant should be doubled. If the word ends in I, it should always be doubled.

2

Look at the examples below. The stressed syllables are underlined.

Fybnqmft

offer

offering

offered

begin

beginning

beginner

travel

travelling

traveller

travelled

Remember, if there are two vowels before the final consonant, then this rule does not apply.

* TASK

Practise this rule by adding the suffixes from the list below to the words. Say each word aloud then underline the stressed syllable in each word to help you. al

ing

er

ed

ance

1. murder: ______________________________________________________ 2. digit:

______________________________________________________

3. explain:

______________________________________________________

4. tower:

______________________________________________________

5. level:

______________________________________________________

6. regret:

______________________________________________________

7. excel:

______________________________________________________

8. appear:

______________________________________________________

9. listen:

______________________________________________________

10.suffer:

______________________________________________________

Challenge: Look at the words above. Add more suffixes where appropriate, then try to add prefixes to as many of the words as possible.

12


Æ Suffixes 3 The rules for adding suffixes to words ending in consonants do not apply if the consonant is y. Look what happens to the words below when suffixes are added. cry

cried

cries

hurry

hurried

hurries

occupy

occupied

occupies

* TASK A

Use the examples above to write a rule for adding suffixes to words ending in y.

RULE: ___________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________

* TASK B

In the final column above, add ing to the base words. Does your rule work for this column? Rewrite it so that it does.

RULE: ___________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________

* TASK C

Each suffix in Column 2 below can be added to only one word in Column 1. Draw lines to match the words with their appropriate suffixes. In Column 3 write the new words out in full.

Column 1

Column 2

territory

cation

primary

ious

multiply

al

rely

ly

mystery

ance

Column 3

13


Æ Suffixes 4 So far we have looked at rules for adding suffixes to words which end in consonants. Look what happens if words end in vowels. extra extraordinary go going boo booing In each example above, the base word remains unchanged and the suffix is added. However, words which end in a silent e lose the e when a suffix beginning with a vowel or a y is added. hate hating hated separate separating separated

* TASK A

Practise this rule by adding two suffixes from the list to each of the words below. ity ing ly some ment y scarce trouble extreme announce grave live advertise measure

* TASK B

Now, choose from your new words to complete the following sentences.

1. Something annoying is also _____________________ . 2. A _____________________ tape can calculate how long something is. 3. During a milk strike there is a _____________________ of milk. 4. At the South Pole it is _____________________ cold. 5. You might find out about a new product by reading an _____________________ . 6. An animal is a _____________________ organism. Challenge: How many words can you find which end in a vowel other than e? Use the back of this sheet to make a list. 14


Æ Suffixes 5

* TASK

Add suffixes to the words below.

Add ing

A stop

Add ing

B

stopping

skip

drip

stew

end

cram

brew

hop

mow

jar

Add er

C win

Add er

D winner

jog

fit

pour

shop

paint

dream

run

swim

stir

Add ed

E drop

jogger

Add ed

F dropped

skipping

scare

shrug

ease

buzz

bomb

star

fill

spot

kill

scared

15

Profile for Outside The Box Learning Resources Ltd.

Strive to Improve: Writing Book 1  

Strive to Improve: Writing Book 1