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Understanding Confusing Pairs and Improving Spelling Skills for Everyone

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Spell Rite Right Resource Book B Units 9 - 16

Understanding Confusing Pairs and Improving Spelling Skills for Everyone

BY

EILISH O’MAHONY

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Spell Rite Right Acknowledgements: Heartfelt thanks to my wonderful daughter Fiona, for your enormous help, practical advice and cheerful encouragement - I owe you! A genuine and sincere thank you to my family for your constant generosity and support, and to my extended family and friends for your warm, good wishes. Thank you to my dedicated publishers, Kevin Farrell and Conor Holmes, for your invaluable advice and hard work. It was a joy to share this experience with you and your talented team: thank you Irene for your attention to detail and your creativity; Deirdre, for your meticulous editing; Siobhan, for sharing your amazing computer skills with us; Kelly and Peter, a huge thank you for your graphic designs, so admired by everyone. Profound thanks to the Dyslexia Association of Ireland - you are truly an inspiration as you encourage each and every student to take a totally positive approach to life and learning. A big thank you to the dedicated staff of St. Mary’s Secondary School, Glasnevin who have followed my spelling programme for many years. Your constant encouragement to get this project to the publishers finally worked! Thank you to Anne and Eileen for your invaluable support and advice and for your great kindness in giving of your time and expertise. To my students, both young and old, how can I thank you enough? It was your enthusiasm for my programme that inspired me to share it and your valued endorsement that you never knew learning could be so easy and so much fun that compelled me into action. I hope you are all happy with the finished product and that you will enjoy using Spell Rite Right as much as I have enjoyed compiling it. Eilish O’Mahony, October 2008.

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The Spell Rite Right Programme is available from: Learning Horizons: Phone: + 353 1 4111537, Email: info@learninghorizons.ie, Website: www.learninghorizons.ie or Outside the Box Learning Resources: Phone: +353 45 856344, Email: info@otb.ie, Website: www.otb.ie This book comes with a photocopy licence. Learning Horizons hereby grants permission for this book to be photocopied as often as required for educational purposes. Copyright ©2008 Eilish O’Mahony Published by: Learning Horizons in association with Outside the Box Learning and The Dyslexia Association of Ireland (www.dyslexia.ie). Editor: Deirdre Eustace Cover Design, Illustration and Desk Top Publishing: Outsource Graphix Ltd, Part of the OGX Group Phone: +353 1 459 9177 Email: info@ogx.ie Website: www.ogx.ie

First published October 2008 ISBN: 978-0-9548504-3-2

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Understanding Confusing Pairs and Improving Spelling Skills for Everyone

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Spell Rite Right Resource Book B Units 9 - 16

Understanding Confusing Pairs and Improving Spelling Skills for Everyone

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Spell Rite Right Spelling Programme – Part Two Contents

Page

Spelling Programme – Step by Step Directions

6

List of Words in Units 9-16

8

Words – In Alphabetical Order

9

Words in Sentence Context Units 9-16

10

Flash Cards

18

Words to Call Out for Bingo or Flash Card Games

34

Flash Card Games – Snap or Team Game

39

Game Board (Bingo) Instructions 2-30 Players

40

Game Board (Bingo) Instructions – One Player and Leader

41

Which Word Will I Use? Helpful Hints Units 9-16

42

Sample Daily Exercises Units 9-16

50

Sample Daily Exercises Units 9-16 Answers

58

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Understanding Confusing Pairs and Improving Spelling Skills for Everyone

Units 1-16 Five Exercise Challenge and Answers Anagrams, Cloze Exercises, Wordsearches, Crosswords, Cryptic Puzzles

66 - 116

Units 1-16 5 Letter Rectangle

117

Units 1-16

117 118 118 119

Minute Timer Race Acrostic Quiz Fifteen Word Maze Square Block Quiz

Units 1-16 5 Letter Rectangle Answers

120

Units 1-16

120 121 121 122

Minute Timer Race Answers Acrostic Quiz Answers Fifteen Word Maze Answers Square Block Quiz Answers

Scoring Sheet

123

Your Score Sheet Grid

124

Words I Found Difficult

125

Table Quiz

126

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Spell Rite Right

Spelling Programme Step By Step Directions To Teaching Any ONE UNIT of The 8 Units Aims:

- To learn to spell the sixteen words of each unit – eight word pairs. - To help students to tell the difference between the words in each word pair.

Step 1

SENTENCES

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Distribute the page Words in Sentences to each student. Discuss the difference between the two words in each pair.

Step 2

WHICH WORD WILL I USE?

Page 42

Distribute the page ‘Which Word Will I Use?’ to each student. This sheet gives students USEFUL HINTS on how to spell and remember each word, and how to decide which of the words to use in various contexts.

Step 3

VISUAL WORD CARDS (POSTERS)

Draw attention to the visual word cards for the unit being studied. Encourage students to use it as a reference and for revision.

Step 4

FLASH CARDS – WHOLE CLASS EXERCISE

Page 18

Direct students to arrange the flash cards in alphabetical order in front of them on their desks. Students will hold them up when the leader tells them which word is needed so that at a flash they can display their knowledge and the leader will know in a flash who knows the words. See directions below for other uses of flash cards. • SNAP • TEAM GAMES

Step 5

GAME BOARD (BINGO) All-out favourite

Page 39 Page 39

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Students have:

Laminated Game Board Sheet 12 Counters

Directions:

Tell students which colour or unit they will be using. Students cover the words as the leader calls them out using ‘Game Board Clues to be Called Out’. Page 34

Winner:

When player has 4 across, he/she calls BINGO.

Prize:

Up to you…

See directions for other uses of Bingo Games with one player and leader Page 6

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Understanding Confusing Pairs and Improving Spelling Skills for Everyone

Step 6

FIVE UNIT EXERCISES

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Aims: To reinforce meanings and revise spellings. Exercises include: Anagrams, Crosswords, Wordsearches, Cryptic Puzzles and Cloze Exercises based on each unit.

Step 7

SPELLING TEST

Step 8

SCORE SHEETS

Page 123

Give Students score sheets to keep track of their progress and to help with difficult words.

Step 9

SAMPLE REVISION EXERCISES

Page 50

This is just a SAMPLE of the revision exercises the students can do each day. The teacher can make out similar exercises based on the progress of the group. This is invaluable for: REVISING: Spelling Words Spelling Rules Punctuation etc.

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1 adapt quiet break canvass draft site sew waist 2 choose fair missed sole pain storey weather pair 3 all ways scent flower ware hurray we’re where root 4 collage passed sail heard stake meat stile wait adopt quite brake canvas draught sight sow waste chose fare mist soul pane story whether pear always sent flour wear hurry weir were route college past sale herd steak meet style weight

5 made tail theirs main plain there they’re to 6 it’s pray though principal threw taught who’s you’re 7 emigrant aural lightening meter currant personal council decease 8 coarse affect allowed aloud bare idle loose read maid tale there’s mane plane their two too its prey tough principle through thought whose your immigrant oral lightning metre current personnel counsel disease course effect dual duel bear idol lose red

9 altar ewe flair dam dew hoard wail flu 10 board ring die rose seam cell weak rain 11 band dyeing boar foul higher quay cue knead 12 air staring steal hoping which reed scraping leak

alter yew flare damn due horde whale flue flew bored wring dye rows seem sell week rein reign banned dying bore fowl hire key queue need heir starring steel hopping witch wreath scrapping leek

13 alley of ceiling manner feat peace pedal peer 14 desert bail grate berth haul chord check miner 15 loan core moan cygnet muscle groan place tire 16 beach here boy heel by mare pore woman

ally off sealing manor feet piece peddle pier

dessert bale great birth hall cord cheque minor

lone corps mown signet mussel grown plaice tyre

beech hear buoy heal bye mayor pour women

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Understanding Confusing Pairs and Improving Spelling Skills for Everyone

A adapt adopt affect air alley aloud 8 allowed all ways always altar alter ally aural

1 1 8 12 13 8 3 3 8 8 13 7

B bail bale band banned bare beach bear beech berth birth boar board bored boy brake break buoy by bye

14 14 11 11 8 16 8 16 14 14 11 10 10 16

15 7 7 8 11 7 7 15

D dam damn decease desert dessert dew die disease draft draught dual due duel dye Dyeing dying

8 8 7 14 14 8 10 7 1 1 8 8 8 10 11 11

E emigrant ewe

1 1

7 8

F 16 16 16

C canvas canvass ceiling cell check cheque choose chose chord coarse collage college cord core

corps council counsel course cue currant current cygnet

1 1 13 10 14 14 2 2 14 8 4 4 14 15

fair fare feat feet flair flare flour Flower flu flue foul fowl

2 2 13 13 8 8 3 3 8 8 11 11

G grate great groan grown

14 14 15 15

H haul hall heal hear heard heel herd here higher hire hoping hopping hoard horde hurray hurry

P 14 14 16 16 4 16 4 6 11 11 12 12 9 9 3 3

L leak leek lightening lightning loan lone loose lose

12 12 7 7 15 15 8 8

M made maid main mane manner manor mare mayor meat meet meter metre miner minor missed mist moan mown muscle mussel

5 5 5 5 13 13 16 16 4 4 7 7 13 13 2 2 15 15 5 15

pair pare peace 13 pear pedal peddle peer personal personnel piece 13 pier place plain plane pray prey principal principle

2 2 2 13 13 13 7 7 13 15 5 5 6 6 6 6

R rain reed read red reign ring root route rose rows

10 12 8 8 10 10 3 3 10 10

S sail sale scent scraping scrapping seam seem sent sew sight site sole soul sow stake staring starring

4 4 3 12 12 10 10 3 1 1 1 2 2 1 4 12 12

steak steal steel stile storey story style

4 12 12 4 2 2 4

T tail tale their theirs there there's they're to too two taught though thought threw through tough

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6

W wail waist wait waste ware wear we’re weak weather week weight weir were whale whether where which who’s whose witch woman women

9 1 4 1 3 3 3 10 2 10 4 3 3 9 2 3 12 6 6 12 16 16

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Spell Rite Right

Words In Sentences Eight pairs of words used in Unit 9 – SPELLING PROGRAMME altar alter

dam damn

dew due

ewe yew

flair flare

flue - ’flu flew

hoard horde

wail whale

1. A dam is a barrier. 2. A weir or waterfall in a river is a dam. 3. To damn someone is to condemn them or curse them. 4. A flare is a blaze. 5. A flare can be a signal. 6. A flair is a special talent or interest. 7. The bird flew away. 8. A flue is a pipe or a tube. 9. Influenza is usually called the ’flu. 10. The dew makes the grass wet in the morning. 11. He is due home on Tuesday. 12. A wail is a loud cry. 13. A whale lives in the sea. 14. A horde is a crowd. 15. To hoard things is to collect them and keep them. 16. A ewe is a lamb. 17. A yew tree is an evergreen tree. 18. Some people say ye, other people say you. 19. To alter something is to change it. 20. The altar is usually at the front of the church.

ewe

yew Page 10

h w

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Understanding Confusing Pairs and Improving Spelling Skills for Everyone

Eight pairs of words used in Unit 10 – SPELLING PROGRAMME board bored

die dye

cell Sell

rain reign

ring wring

rose rows

seam seem

weak week

1. A cell is a small room. 2. We will sell that in the shop. 3. He was bored in class today. 4. The carpenter bored a hole in the wood. 5. A board can be a piece of wood or a table. 6. She was on the school board. 7. A week is seven days. 8. He is feeling very weak. 9. The king will reign over his kingdom. 10. A shower of rain fell today. 11. We wring out the clothes to get the water out. 12. She has a beautiful ring. 13. The rose is pretty. 14. We have ten rows of chairs in the room. 15. I’ll dye my hair soon. 16. We will all die some day. 17. She has a seam in her dress. 18. They seem to remember all that happened.

wring

reig

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Spell Rite Right Eight pairs of words used in Unit 11 – SPELLING PROGRAMME band banned

boar bore

cue queue

dyeing dying

foul fowl

1. A snooker player uses a cue. 2. To give an actor a cue is to prompt him. 3. A queue is a line of people. 4. We will queue to get into the cinema. 5. I have a key to a shop on Emmet Quay. 6. There is a foul smell in the room. 7. Chickens and hens are called fowl. 8. I need to knead the dough to make bread. 9. The old man was dying. 10. She was dyeing her hair. 11. The band played beautiful music. 12. They were banned from that hotel. 13. He will bore a hole in the wood. 14. That speech will bore you if it’s too long. 15. A boar is an animal. 16. I can’t bear the pain any longer. 17. The fridge was bare after the party. 18. I will hire a taxi tomorrow. 19. Jump higher than that. 20. That house is higher up than this one.

higher hire

key quay

e u c

fow l

8

boar

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Understanding Confusing Pairs and Improving Spelling Skills for Everyone

Eight pairs of words used in Unit 12 – SPELLING PROGRAMME air heir

hoping hopping

leak leek

staring starring

steal steel

which witch

reed wreath

scraping scrapping

1. I will steal that steel pot. 2. A reed is a type of grass. 3. A wreath is a garland of flowers. 4. An heir is the next male who will own the property. 5. The air is cold today. 6. I was hoping to win the game. (Drop the e of hope) 7. The baby was hopping up and down. (Double the p in hop) 8. Which one is the ugly witch? 9. A leek is an onion. 10. There’s a leak in the pipe. 11. I was staring at the night sky. (Drop the e of stare) 12. He was starring in that film. (Double the r in star) 13. She was scraping the skin off the carrot. 14. He was scrapping the old car.

wit

ch

leek g n pi

p a cr

s

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Spell Rite Right Eight pairs of words used in Unit 13 – SPELLING PROGRAMME alley ally

ceiling sealing

feat feet

of off

manner manor

peace piece

pedal peddle

peer pier

1. The ceiling is the roof of a room. 2. We are sealing (sticking) two things together. 3. I will give you a piece of pie. 4. Peace is the opposite of war. 5. The way we do things is the manner in which we do them. 6. A manor house is a house owned by a rich person. 7. A peer is a person with a title. 8. Your peer is somebody your own age. 9. A pier is a road built beside the sea. 10. We have two feet. 11. A feat is a great act (achievement), e.g. climbing a very high mountain. 12. An ally is a friend, or somebody who stands by you when you have a problem. 13. An alley is a side street. 14. We use a pedal on a bicycle. 15. To peddle goods is to sell them. 16. I am tired of that story. (OF is pronounced OV.) 17. He stepped off the plane. 18. Off is the opposite of on. 19. I turned off the television. 20. He jumped off the wall.

t e fe

sea

ling

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Understanding Confusing Pairs and Improving Spelling Skills for Everyone

Eight pairs of words used in Unit 14 – SPELLING PROGRAMME bail bale

berth birth

chord cord

check cheque

desert dessert

grate great

haul hall

miner minor

1. A cheque is like a bank note. 2. We check something to see if it’s right. 3. The fire grate is where we set and light the fire. 4. It is great to have holidays. It is wonderful. 5. He is a great person. 6. The mountain is a great size. 7. A coal miner is called a collier. He digs out coal. 8. A minor is a person who is underage to do something, e.g. voting. 9. A minor problem is the opposite of a major problem. 10. To pay bail means to pay money rather than go to jail. 11. A bale is a bag of something, e.g. corn. 12. To haul something is to pull it. (Notice the u.) 13. The hall is inside the hall door. 14. Your birth is when you are born. 15. A berth is a bedroom on a ship. 16. Dessert is sweet, like pudding. 17. A desert is usually sandy, hot and lonely, e.g. Sahara Desert. (Only one s.) 18. Cord is like rope. 19. A chord is the special sound of a few notes played together.

desser t

cho r

d

r e in

m

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Spell Write Right Programme: Book B  

Spell Write Right Programme: Book B