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September 26, 2012

Vol. XLV, No. 8 November 14, 2012

In policy shakeup, Establishment candidates win majority USFC members elect- of SRC and USFC seats in elections ed directly

Photo credit: Alex Potter

Elena Grissom Staff Writer If you walked past West Hall this year, it would seem like nothing about AUB elections has changed. Candidates were still attacking vulnerable and confused students, passing out stress balls, pencils and bracelets and chanting rhythmic slogans. Still, a major policy change took place this term. This year, the entire election process took place in one day as AUB students elected both Student Representative Committee and University Student Faculty Committee members. In previous years, AUB students elected SRC members in the general elections. Then there was a second round of voting, where the SRC

winners would elect USFC members from amongst themselves. The change, initiated by dean of Student Affairs, Talal Nizameddin, concerns the election of the USFC. This year students were able to vote directly for USFC members. “It’s now a direct election, one of the core principles of democracy,” Nizameddin said. The student body elects 109 members of the SRC. The SRC then appoints 17 delegates to the USFC. The difference between the bodies is that while SRC members mostly address issues related to their specific faculty or school, USFC Continued on page 10

Heather Jaber Editor-in-Chief

Despite the rainy weather making campaigning difficult for the candidates last week, the clouds cleared up just in time for yesterday’s student representative elections. Candidates, voters and the apathetic crowded around upper campus and their respective faculties, watching cam-

paigners attempt to solidify citement of the elections was as many undecided votes as lost neath that of the Beirut possible. Marathon, the candidates, deThe past few days in AUB voted to their campaigns, perhave been marked by this fa- sisted throughout the weekmiliar air of slight tension end. The rain, hail and chill underneath energized cam- that fell over Lebanon these paigning. The candidates of past few days put a damper the Student Representative on the usual elections’ exciteCouncil (SRC) rallied to gain ment on campus, especially supporters for their individual Continued on page 4 causes. While for a moment, the ex-

AUB community’s enthusiasm shines despite rain in 2012 Beirut Marathon

Elena Grissom Staff Writer As stormy clouds gathered in the distance, a sea of red shirts flooded the streets of Beirut during the 2012 BLOM Beirut Marathon. Despite the intermittent rain during the event, around 600 AUB students, staff, and fac-

ulty members joined the other 30,000 marathon participants. Music blasted from speakers, volunteers offered free drinks and food along the way and an unmistakable general feeling of excitement permeated the air, validating President Dorman’s claim that the Beirut Marathon is “a chance

for AUB to get together with the community, to celebrate everything that is good about Beirut and Lebanon.” Most AUB runners participated in the 10 km “fun run,” which directed them from the starting line in Biel, past the RUN AUB RUN banners Continued on page 8


2 · Campus News

November 14, 2012

September 26, 2012

Comparison between Egypt and Lebanon: From discrimination to Centralization or decentralization? acceptance: The Arab-Latino Frederic Abou Jaoude rule. In the 1920s, the governLebanon experiences plu- friendship explored Staff Writer

Egypt and Lebanon are both religiously and ethnically diverse. According to Index Mundi, Egypt’s population is 90 percent Muslims and 10 percent Christians while Lebanon is 60 percent Muslim and 39 percent Christian. This diversity brings about complicated legal issues. When do states permit ethnic and religious groups to have their own courts and legal systems? Should there be judicial centralization or decentralization within the state? Addressing these questions, the department of politics and public administration hosted a lecture in West Hall titled “States and the Devolution of Judicial Power: A Comparison of Egypt and Lebanon.” Emma Hayward, a doctoral candidate at the University of Pennsylvania, was the main speaker. Egypt, according to Hayward, had a decentralized judiciary—a system when the state grants control of family, inheritance and other matters to religious or tribal courts— during the period of Ottoman

ment made early attempts to centralize its power, and in 1955, Egypt became partially centralized. Centralization expanded in the early 1980s. Hayward explained that Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat exiled Pope Shenouda III because of public disagreement concerning the peace treaty with Israel and persecution of Christians. Sadat then changed the state constitution and declared that the shari’a will be the source of Egyptian law, which was an action he wished to complete decades earlier, but couldn’t have done before exiling the Pope of the Church of Alexandria. Today, Egypt still applies a centralized system where, as Hayward said, Christians and Muslims are governed under the shari’a law. In Lebanon, however, a more pluralistic state was established under the Ottoman Rule. Under the French Protectorate, few unsuccessful attempts were made towards centralization, and these attempts continued till the 1990s. Hayward noted that “Lebanon remains one of the clearest examples of legal pluralism.”

ral judicial courts and laws corresponding to each of its 18 sects . There is full decentralization accompanied by authorization of group courts where sufficiently strong religious groups influence the state’s judicial systems. Many attempts are still being pursued in Lebanon to achieve full state centralization, especially in the case of recognizing civil marriage and establishing civic communities. Regardless of these calls, the last serious attempt for centralization came in 1998 under President Elias Hrawi. Lebanon has not since attempted to centralize the legal system. A question as old as the Ottomans still hangs over Lebanon, Egypt and multiethnic states around the world: centralization or decentralization?

Frederic Abou Jaoude Staff Writer

Community” in the Younes building, you will notice some bizarre drawings on the walls at first glimpse. A closer examination of the pieces will

reveal a diverse, yet captivating collection of paintings and drawings. Fakhoury says that she has been working on these for

over four years. Philosophy students may be interested in the portraits of different philosophers like Immanuel Kant or Fredrich Nietzsche displayed in unique ways, reflective of the artist’s original style. Although the artist has not named her works (except for a few), each represents something deeply personal. “They represent a personal experience; something that I have been through,” said Fakhoury. She says that she can think of each piece as a result of her own spontaneously in duced therapy session.

Latin America has often been called the Arab America because of its large Arab population. For instance, there are approximately 10 million people of Lebanese descent in Brazil. Several factors led to Latin America’s Arabesque state. Spain, which colonized many of the South American states, was historically dominated by the Arabs for more than seven centuries as AlAndalus. Moreover, the persecution of Middle Eastern Christians by the Ottomans in the beginning of the nineteenth century led to the migration of many to Latin America for sanctuary. The immigration of AUB’s own Nami Jafet to Brazil was fueled by the hardships of the Ottoman empire. Tackling the subject of Arabs in Latin America, John Karam from DePaul University delivered a lecture titled “The Arab Americas: Renegotiating National and Hemispheric Orders” in Nicely Hall last week. This was organized by the Center for Behavioral Re-

search CBR. Karam described his trip to Brazil in 1991 and how his brother was discriminated against when a vendor raiseed the price for a decorated bottle artifact and claimed that he looks like a “turko.” Karam explained that Brazilians regarded the Arab immigrants as Turks since the large majority of them arrived to Latin America during the rule of the Ottoman empire. As for the reason of the shop dealer’s discrimination, Karam illustrated how Arabs were marginalized as traders and only cared about making money in the market. This was not welcome in an agricultural nation like Brazil. Karam also said that the Arab culture in Latin America was seen as “lower.” Brazilians used to make fun of how Arab immigrants eat their traditional food with their bare hands. The Brazilians even disparaged the Lebanese dabké. Soon after, however, the Brazilians in the 1970s began to appreciate the Arab culture, and the Arab-Latino friendship was established, Karam said.

Polymorphism Varak Ketsemanian Staff Writer Art: a powerful tool through which many people succeed in expressing their emotional states and thoughts. This is what Tamara Fakhoury, one of our fellows in the philosophy department did with her recent art exhibition in Hamra. The name of the exhibition, “Polymorphisms,” which means multi-human forms, suits the kind of illustrations and characters the artist portrays. Upon entering the art gallery of the “A Fish in Sea

Photocredit: Tamara Fakhoury

Although she has no intention of going to art school, painting has been an essential part of her life since childhood, said Fakhoury. When asked whether her art embraced any of the classical painting styles, Fakhoury replied that although he acknowledges the importance of drawing skills, she believes that her art wasn’t the result of any determinate drawing technique, but rather an experimentation of personal reflections which embodied her friends, family and herself.


Campus News · 3

November 14, 2012

September 26, 2012

Election results by faculty Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences Agribusiness I, II, III and IV

Freshman

Graduate

Sara Takkoush (27)

Muhammad Nour Kammaz (23)

Moussa Mazeh (120) USFC

Remi Fayad (51)

Graphic Design II and IV

Graduate

Hani Mdeihli (25) Audrey Issa (24) Agriculture I Joey El Mendelek (25)

Arij Yehya (50) Lama Ghanem (47) USFC Nour Riman (47) Jeremy Arbid (45)

Lama Shehade (18) Graduate Ameen Jaber (72) Joseph Saad (70)

Kohar Annie Kissoyan (11) Hariri School of Nursing Nursing II Hadi Hamade (47) USFC

Hassib Safieddine (21)

Rami Mehio (105) Ayla Pasha (101) Fouad Chalet (100) Tie between Ahmad Abdel Rahman and Karim Mehanna (90) Sophomore

Faculty of Engineering and Architecture Faculty of Health Sciences

Nursing III

Agriculture II

Hussein Ismail (241) USFC

Engineering I

Public Health I

Monica Abi Abdallah (20)

No candidates Agriculture III and IV

Jawad Khalifeh (230) Carine Safa (222)

Joe Akiki (137) Sleiman Braidi (132)

Lynn Alaeddine (34) Duaa Fahs (31)

Zein Khraizat (Acclamation)

Majed Ismail (214)

Public Health II

Nutrition I Mirna Dehaini (22)

Khalil Hussein (210) Matthew Kuraya Ziyadeh (197) Mariana Fenianos (194) Ibrahim Abdallah (192)

Tie between Simon Boulos, Youssif Sandakli and Savannah Sarkis (123)

Nursing IV Tie between Jane-Mary Tarraf and Sara Abu Rihan (7) Graduate

Engineering II

Elie Najem (30) Kourken Kadehjian (29)

Lynn Bourji (170) William Moujaes (157)

Public Health III Mohamed Homayed (23) USFC

Mahmoud Ghouzail (Acclamat.) Suliman S. Olayan School of Business Sophomore Sara Sakaya (128)

Leen Baassiri (192) Joy Abi Khalil (188) Souad Mohsen (187) Junior Ali Taleb (125) Eliana Bassil (124) USFC Wissam Maroun (122) Sarah Hamze Sinno (117)

Elia Karam (152) Issam Chmaitilly (149) Michel Chelala (148) Engineering III Yara El Asmar (141) Ramzi Taybah (137) USFC Omar Abou Jaoude (133) Anthony Tayoun (133) USFC

Karim Ghabra (20) Graduate Jinane Abi Ramia (28) Hanadi Chaaban (23) Emily Field (22) USFC Faculty of Medicine Medicine I Ramy Fakih (34)

Rami Saghieh (123) Karim Alaeddine (115) Farid Khaddaj (92) Junior Wael El Assaad (102) USFC Maya El Hanouni (101) Karim Akiki (95) USFC Racha Malaeb (94)

Gideon Nyamuame (112) Anna-Maria Eid (111)

Engineering IV Mark Hannaoui (96)

Rayan Jo Rachwan (33) Medicine II

Nadim Kamari (94) Senior

Food Science III Rita Feghaly (Acclamation)

Ali Hayek (105) Senior

Bashar Abou Shakra (93) Hassan Merhi (84)

Riham Abdallah (91) Nabil Zantout (91) USFC

Graduate

Moukhtar Nsouli (114) USFC Architecture I and II

Daniel Bassil (47) Tie between Khaled Janom and Elie Khalifee (35) Medicine III

Nutrition II Zainab Rammal (Acclamation) USFC Nutrition III and IV Nisrine Kawa (Acclamation) Landscape Design I and II George Debs (Acclamation) Landscaping III and IV Aren Deyirmenjian (20) Food Science I Reem Sayyed Ahmad (Acclamation) Food Science II Nour El Haddad (Acclamation)

Ilija Trojanovic (84)

Ali AbdelSater (Acclamation) Amin Nasar (105) USFC Maya El Mokdad (Acclamation) Joseph Elias (98)

Alexander Rayes (44) USFC

Ralph Hachem (Acclamation)

Nuhad Hamdan (82)

Architecture III, IV and V

Mohannad Othmani (Acclamation)

Graduate

George Nassif (Acclamation) Faculty of Arts and Sciences

Rafah Farhat (33) Graphic Design I and II

Medicine IV Sara Khalife (25)

Lama Hoteit (21) Farah Matar (20)

Nour Jalloul (97) Joy Arab (96)

Up close: The US presidential elections Frederic Abou Jaoude Staff Writer Barack Obama will return to the White House with more than 300 electoral votes, well above the 270 mark he need for re-election. As many people grapple with what that means domestically, students and community members gathered in the Lee Observatory on Wednesday for a panel discussion on the elections and what they might mean for American foreign policy. Rami Khoury, a journalist for the Daily Star, analyzed

the results via video from Boston, emphasizing on three main points. First, Khoury said that foreign policy was rarely mentioned throughout the campaigns, which focused largely on domestic issues, especially the economy. Second, Khoury underlined that both candidates were competing to demonstrate their support for Israel. Third, Khoury compared the United States with Lebanon, saying that both nations are clearly polarized and deeply divided almost 50-50. Professor Alexander S.

Lubin, the director of Center for American Studies and Research, which organized the event, said that about $6 billion was spent during the elections season—the most expensive in history. Despite influx of cash, the same man returned to White House and the change in the House of Representatives was minimal. Lubin also explained that the demographics of America have changed. Minorities have become an increasingly large part of the American electorate, and they gave Obama an advantage over Romney. Obama won over minorities,

women and educated white voters in convincing fashion, and he claimed victory in most of the critical swing states. Romney, on the other hand, won few swing states and relied heavily on working-class white men, who represent a smaller voting bloc than in elections past. Lisa Hajjar, a visiting professor who was on the panel, spoke about the war on terror that began during George Bush’s presidency and continued under Obama. She stressed that Obama has not yet closed the prison at Guan-

tanamo Bay as he had promised four years ago. Hajjar also questioned the legitimacy of drone warfare, especially in Afghanistan and Pakistan. She ended her speech by calling for the integration of what she described as “smarter voices” to help shape U.S. foreign policy instead of the same old administrative officials, who have not allowed new blood to be pumped into the veins of American politics.


4 · Campus News September 26, 2012

November 14, 2012

A divided campus elects ... Continued from page 1 during the three days of campaigning. While many felt that elections and campaigning were done in the same fashion they are done every year, there was a major adjustment to the rules this time around. A new policy related to the election of the USFC, which allowed students to directly vote candidates into one of those 17 seats, was implemented. Nabil Dajani, Media Studies Professor, advocated the new rule, saying, “It will allow for less political involvement and less maneuvering.” While the new policy has mainly received positive criticism, some have mixed feelings. Vice President of the Secular club, Naji Aoun, said that the policy is more democratic, but that there is more work to be done. “The old policy was not perfect,” said Aoun. “The new policy is better, but it needs some modifications in some departments for the coming years.” Rayan Najdi, Order of Engineers supporter and against the

USFC policy change, said that politics will actually affect the USFC votes more than previous years. He said that SRC members usually elect more independent candidates, but now, politics will be reflected

in the USFC members based on the community votes. “It should have stayed the same,” said Najdi, “if they want us to elect as programs, and not as politics.” When asked about the influ-

ence of the external political groups within the elections process, President Peter Dorman posed a question to the students. “What relevance do Lebanese politics have for the kind

of issues that are important for students, faculty, and the administration to solve together?” said Dorman. He mentioned issues like the balance of making tuition affordable while “moving on

Pushing the glass ceiling: Flexing the female muscle in student elections Karim S. Nasr Contributing Writer Shortly after Barack Obama was declared U.S. president, analysts came out of the woodwork, declaring this the ‘Year of the Woman’ in American politics. Women cast more votes than their male counterparts (53 percent), and a record number were elected as representatives in both houses of Congress. Tuesday, students at the American University of Bei-

rut cast their votes in all seven faculties for the directly-elected 109-member Student Representative Council SRC and the more influential University Student Faculty Committee USFC. With candidates given 48 hours to campaign in front of West Hall and plaster university walls, emotions ran high. Although many members of the AUB community have criticized the factional nature of the SRC elections and how “they simply reflect Lebanese

political and sectarian affiliations,” as one student stated, no one can deny the existence of an important difference in the makeup of the elected representatives in the SRC and the Lebanese Parliament, especially in the number of women running and being elected. Lebanese women are greatly underrepresented in the decision-making system; there are only four female members in the Lebanese Parliament out of 128 seats, representing a

mere 3 percent, despite women making up 51 percent of the Lebanese population. That being the case, Lebanon ranks 137th in the globe in terms of female representation in parliaments. With women first being allowed to register as full-time students at AUB in 1921, they now make up 50 percent of the AUB student body. Women are an active demographic in all facets of AUB life, and their representation in the SRC over the years has been on equal footing with

their male counterparts. Moreover, although a rarity, some women have reached the top position of vice president in the USFC. With almost 80 female candidates running for the SRC, the question remains whether there exists a glass ceiling in the council elections, especially for the USFC, as it only had four female members last year. Female candidates from all faculties and across the political spectrum said women still


Campus News · 5

November 14, 2012

September 26, 2012

... a divided student government an upward path,” improving registration, housing, advising, sports and club contributions and student governance within the USFC. “I’m not sure Lebanese politics have the answers to these

questions,” he said. What the politically backed groups also had were more resources and a greater ability to campaign for their platforms. Other candidates, like No Frontiers USFC candidate

and FAS graduate, Jeremy Arbid, were not able to spend as much to campaign, as their expenses came out of their own pockets. What they relied on instead was handing out their platforms and talking to

face some challenges. Sara Hamieh said it is harder for women to be elected due to the “male-dominated macro-structure of Lebanese society which still affects the micro-structures of our institutions and communities.” Jessika Nicolas, however, said the new system has made it “easier for female candidates to play a major part” in USFC. Browsing through the different brochures promoting the student coalition electoral

programs, one notices a significant absence of any programs or future plans targeting female students and their particular concerns. For instance, AUB introduced a revised sexual harassment and discrimination policy at the beginning of the academic year. However, no student coalition voiced its opinion on the matter. Rita Feghaly said she’s heard many stories, some from her closest female friends, of women being subject to vi-

sual harassment, for instance, and would like to increase awareness. Souad Mohsen confirmed that harassment is an important issue and felt that she was “more capable of raising awareness of some problems,” emphasizing the need for a “University women’s center at AUB where females can join and discuss their major problems and discuss issues, such as women in the Arab world, on a weekly basis.”

voters one-on-one. While some decided to play the political game and publicly run under the heading of certain political groups, others chose to go another route, or at least said so.

“No one understands a female except a female,” said Hanadi Chaaban. “There are lots of issues, such as harassment, that can be better addressed by a woman.” All the female candidates interviewed for this story said they have not faced personal obstacles due to their gender, and one candidate stated that “clubs strive to nominate girls because they are much more accessible than boys sometimes.” With a new system in place

Business senior Waad Al Atrash, managing elections for the Active AUBites, said that this year, these campaigners wanted to make a statement by not aligning with any other group running. “No political party is better than the other,” said Al Atrash. Yara Al Asmar, third year engineering student running with Students at Work, had something else to say. She said that her decision to run with Students at Work was partly because her family prefers their political affiliation. She could have gone independent, but there is more of a chance of winning if a candidate is with a group, said Al Asmar. Others, as they have in previous years, still mention one of the main reasons they are running is to put it down on their CV. Nourhan Nassar, an engineering first year running with the Order of Engineers, said running was important for her CV and even mentioned that her grades were not too high, so it would help. “It’s an experience,” said Nassar. “There’s nothing to lose.”

of directly electing USFC candidates, one wonders whether the make-up of this powerful organization will more accurately reflect the gender make-up of the student body.


6 · Faculty Profiles

November 14, 2012

September 26, 2012

FHS’s SRC Candidates: For the sake of the faculty, not the confessional system Hashem Osseiran Staff Writer With most of its candidates running independently, the Faculty of Health Sciences is an example of impartiality. Yesterday’s election results showcased how a political affiliation was unnecessary in achieving victory. Duaa Faahs, a first year medical laboratory stu-

dent and Lynn Alaeddine, a first year environmental health student were one of the FHS dynamic duos who won in yesterday’s elections. “The campaigning was fun,” said Lynn in retrospect, “we socialized a lot, talked to everyone, and we thank them for their votes.” Upon asking both winners about their affiliation, they proudly responded with

“independent.” They displayed great joy in the fact that they could win without the catalyst of party affiliations. “There was a lot of tension and competition with our opponents,” said Aleddine,“but we shook hands with them after we won,” showing the spirit of sportsmanship amongst competitors. Alaeddine and Fahs both

expressed their readiness to carry out a fruitful and productive term. The winning candidates of the FHS were; Duaa Fahs and Lynn Alaeddine from public health I, Elie Najem and Kourken Kadehjian from public health II, Karim Ghabra and Mohamed Homayed (USFC) from public health III, and graduates Emily Field (USFC), Hanadi Chaaban

and Jinnane Abi Ramia. The hallmark of representation is approachability, availability, responsibility and responsiveness. The FHS is one of the smaller faculties which gives it a certain advantage- the facilitated ability of the winning candidates to communicate a more coherent representation of the faculty.

FEA: Different groups, similar platforms Frederic Abou Jaoude Staff Writer Students at Work, the Secular club, Order of Engineers and the independents were among the groups of students competing over the sixteen seats in the Faculty Engineering and Architecture. On the surface, all options are very similar: All parties promised to renovate the engineering lounge and cafeteria. Every can-

didate vowed to increase the printing limit. Outlook conducted interviews with three candidates running for three different parties to learn more. Issam Chmaitilly, representing Students at Work, said that he would work on increasing the opening hours for students in the SRB computer labs and the Bechtel Library. He explained that when the USFC was in the hands of Students at Work, they

managed to extend the reading period up to five days. “But when the USFC became with the other team,” he continued, “they didn’t oppose the administration’s decision to return the reading period back to three days only.” Zeina Malaeb, who is running independently, said, “I personally suffer from the problems I listed in my platform....that is why I want to solve these issues as badly as my voters do.”

Malaeb will focus on academic issues like increasing acceptance opportunities into work study programs and offering Chemistry 203 for civil engineers each semester instead of just spring. Lynn Bourji, representing Order of Engineers, said that university elections all are about what the voters want and that it is the SRC’s job to meet their demands. In spite of the fact that Order of Engineers

has no platform prepared, Bourji promised that she would organize fundraising events and promote financial aid benefits. “People take elections as [a] political [occasion],” Bourji said. “It’s all about the students because we represent the students and not any political party.”

“Freshman Voice”. Meanwhile, Secular party Campus Choice obtained the bulk of the vote from the Graduates, who also voted in “No Frontiers” outspoken candidate Jeremy Arbid. Though many candidates described themselves as very happy with the electoral process and lack of ugly scenes, successful candidate Rami Mehio of “Active AUB” offered a different perspective. Whilst excited to be part of student politics in his freshman year, Mehio stated that “it is ridiculous that

AUB politicizes results,” criticising the widespread “underhand speculation” that various candidates are affiliated with political groups, accusations he hoped his party could escape. AA efforts appeared to be vindicated by the two Freshman victories. Interestingly, the Graduate and Freshman classes were both noticeably more eclectic in their voting choices, whilst Sophomores, Juniors, and Seniors generally voted wholly within the dominant Students at Work / United Ballot dynamic.

FAS: Success for United Ballot as FAS split along class lines Richard Le Vay Staff Writer The roaring reached a crescendo as the results for FAS, AUB’s largest faculty were announced. This faculty was an especially tight faculty race. The scenes of relief, resignation, and jubilation on Tuesday evening were in sharp contrast to the rainsodden end to the campaigning period. By Friday afternoon, most of the candidates were resigned to the fact that any students passing the soaked party stalls, roofs bulg-

ing with water, would not be interested in anything other than getting to class reasonably dry. As such, it had provided an excellent opportunity to gather some honest reflections on the previous days’ graft. Members of “Just Think,” had been hopeful that their particular take on the ‘independent’ message, that voters should choose their candidates for “the right reason,” had sunk in. However, it turned out this year was not to be theirs. Dawlat Tarfifi of “United Ballot” was also pleased with her work, remaining

“reasonably confident, if anxious” about success. “This is the first year I have remained involved,” she sad, citing the fact that this was her last chance to “make a difference” to what she considers her faculty’s under-representation in the student body as a key motivational factor. Whilst Dawlat was unsuccessful, her party swept the faculty, with 15 winning candidates, largely due to an immense performance in the Sophomore and Junior sections. Other big winners were “Students at Work” and


Faculty Profiles · 7

November 14, 2012

September 26, 2012

FM: Students of neutrality Kanzi Kamel News Executive Friday marked the end of this year’s SRC campaigning, which proved to be one of the quickest and least confrontational election periods in recent memory. Stands were erected neath West Hall, phone calls were made to voting hopefuls, and spirits were excited in a flurry of amiable competition as the campaigns raged on. Competing for the coveted SRC seats in the faculty of medicine this year were 15 FM hopefuls, each with an agenda for the upcoming year. Disconcertingly, Med III had only two students running for the SRC, thus allocating by default the

SRC seats of Med III to the two candidates, Mohannad Othmani and Ralph Hachem. As a result, despite their political preferences, Med III students were left unable to vote. Samer Masri, a Med III student, shared his indifference with the elections. “Lots of things need changing,” he said, “but the USFC and SRC aren’t the people who can make things happen.” Indeed, the feeling of apathy within FM was felt in more than one year. Rayan Sibai, a first-year medical student, shares a similar outlook. “I’m not looking forward for anything to change,” said Sibai, “and I’m not expecting anything to.” While Daniel Bassil won one of the Med II seats with

a popular 47 of 117 votes, Khaled Janom and Elie Khalifee tied with a remaining 35 votes each. The tie, to be broken with a second round of voting, has yet to be determined. Independents won in Med IV, with Muhammad Nour Kammaz and Sarah Kalife as representatives, with 23 and 25 votes, respectively. The five nominees for the USFC chairs from Med I to FM Graduates were tied, all of which represented United Ballot. Remaining remarkably unpolitical in comparison to their faculty counterparts, this year’s FM students certainly seemed more concerned with their studies than the spell of elections that struck an uproar in so many other AUB students.

HSON election yields tie between candidates Hashem Osseiran Staff Writer The Rafic Harriri School of Nursing’s winning candidates are; Hadi Hamade from BSN II, Monica Abi Abdallah from BSN3, and Graduate Mahmoud Ghouzail by acclamation. The BSN IV resulted in a tie between candidates Jane-Mary Tarraf and Sara Abu Rihan, the results of which will be announced within this week. The winning candidates are mostly March 8 advocates giving the coalition an apparent victory over the school of nursing. Monica Abi Abdallah, winning candidate, expressed her gratitude after

a long campaign, “it was a hard campaign and there was a lot of competition” she remarked “but I won so it was worth it”. The candidates were very democratic in their interaction with each other, “even though there was strong competition all the candidates were friendly and nice” said Abdallah, showing the sportsmanship of post-elections. Abi Abdallah is focusing her agenda on what the faculty needs, she displayed a readiness to cooperate with all members as well as a strong sense of responsibility to the entire faculty. “I will do what they need me to,” said Abdallah when asked about her plans as a current SRC member.

OSB: A dying student body

FAFS: Uncontested

Yara Zeitoun Staff Writer

Meer Ako Ali Staff Writer

Yearly fluxes in the student body naturally influence the election campaigns. This year saw less activity from both the campaigners and their followers. Among OSB students, the general consensus points to a flagging interest in elections. Maya Hanouni, a junior running with the Students at Work coalition for OSB, found students year less lively and enthusiastic this year, but claimed that her group was working very hard and had a vigorous campaign. Nohad Hamdan, however, of the same alliance this year’s campaigns were definitely better. Hamdan also contrasted the muted election spirit at OSB with West Hall’s

lively and vehement spirit, with people from all sides trying to convince and persuade each other. All candidates expressed discontent with the location of the stands, especially considering that business seniors have all their courses at OSB and don’t normally walk past West. Roni Sawaya found this year’s campaigns dead and lacking vigor. “We started at 12 p.m. on Wednesday, and logistics kept lagging behind, so we only had half a day of campaigning,” he said. “On Friday, it was raining, so students ditched classes and weren’t bothered to stand in the rain to discuss elections.” But besides the weather, Sawaya stressed that “people are just disgusted with the politics of elections, so they want nothing to do with it.” Layana Lababidi agreed

with Sawaya, saying that she personally doesn’t vote because “they’re not in it for the students, they have ulterior motives, which are heavily influenced by politics.” During Election Day at OSB, Ilija Trojanovic an independent senior campaigner, complained that “it’s going slow and difficult,” because the ratio of Students at Work to independent campaigners was very uneven. A mixture of external causes, logistics, AUB’s bureaucratic processes and politics all apparently dulled the student body’s appetite for elections. At the end of the day, the Students at Work took most of OSB’s votes. Stay tuned, for this means that iPads and laptops will be rented at Jafet, or so they promise.

The general consent of the FAFS students who ran for elections is that they do not have to deal with competition, and have won by default throughout the years. Rita Feghaly, a food science and management senior, ran for the FAFS SRC elections again after winning last year and was one of the many candidates in FAFS who won by acclamation. George Debs, who is running to represent the sophomores and juniors of landscape design and eco-management in the SRC, also noted that he didn’t need to campaign either. “A competitor would have been fun though,” he continued. “I always like a challenge.” Nonetheless, where there was competition, it proved to be tough. Tala Al Kadi, an agribusiness SRC candidate who did not win a seat, said, “FAFS is

a small faculty, and everybody ... knows one another. This makes the elections procedure more difficult because your competitors will have access to the same people that you have access to.” Besides a lack of competition, the candidates have something else in common: they are all enthusiastic about the whole process and joining the SRC to represent their peers. Debs noted that he is eagerly waiting to hear what all the other campaigners have to say once they all join to tackle their jobs as student representatives. Focusing more on her campaign and the procedures behind it, Al Kadi said that she has enjoyed the details of campaigning, starting with forming her platform, talking to every potential voter about her objectives, and concluding with publishing posters in her faculty’s building and on social media podiums.


8 . Campus News

November 14, 2012

September 26, 2012

AUB community’s enthusiasm shines despite rain in 2012 Blom Beirut Marathon Continued from page 1 Elena Grissom Staff Writer As stormy clouds gathered in the distance, a sea of red shirts flooded the streets of Beirut during the 2012 BLOM Beirut Marathon. Despite the intermittent rain during the event, around 600 AUB students, staff, and faculty members joined the other 30,000 marathon participants. Music blasted from speakers, volunteers offered free drinks and food along the way and an unmistakable general feeling of excitement permeated the air, validating President Dorman’s claim that the Beirut Marathon is “a chance for AUB to get together with the community, to celebrate everything that is good about Beirut and Lebanon.” Most AUB runners participated in the 10 km “fun run,” which directed them from the starting line in Biel, past

the RUN AUB RUN banners hung on the lamp-posts of the Corniche, up Hamra street and finally to the finish line at Martyr’s Sqaure, where home made treats by the Brave Heart Fund awaited them. Other members of the AUB community, including the 24 shining members of the AUB track and field team, ran the 42 km relay, which took them all the way to Kaskas, Ashrafiyeh, Rabiyeh and back. “Everything about this year’s race was great,” said 10 km runner Laura Fallaha, an AUB architect student who ran the race in an impressive 51 minutes. “The course was perfect, the weather prevented us from getting too hot, and the AUB cheerleaders were very encouraging.” Many more members of the AUB community volunteered to distribute water to grateful runners or to enthusiastically encourage AUB runners. The main AUB cheering stand on

the Corniche was complete with a stage and live entertainment. Members of the AUB Red Cross club also volunteered as they prevented runners from cheating and offered medical attention to the injured. This year’s Beirut Marathon was especially successful as AUB recruited more

participants that ever via a month-long campaign across campus. This included two cross-campus 6 km runs in preparation for the race. Wael Assi, a chemical engineering student, commented on these efforts. “The 6 km race really helped prepare me for today,” he said. “I appreciate all of AUB’s efforts to pro-

Photo credit: Salim Kaddoura

A confused beginner’s guide to student elections Thurayya Zreik Staff Writer Once a year, a flurry of color and activity suddenly takes over upper campus. Overnight, stands are erected, flyers are distributed and huge Technicolor photographs of candidates are hung up to smile down on passerby from seemingly every corner of campus. Despite the commotion of elections dominating the student body’s attention every year, a surprisingly large number of students, new or otherwise, remain confused about the whole system of elections and student representation. Leah Soweid, a psychology sophomore in her first year at AUB said, “I honestly have no idea how it works. Most of my friends [also new stu-

dents] don’t even know how to vote.” Nayla Mroueh, a second year economics student, said that she had learned more about the election process from other students than from the administration itself. Much of the bylaws and protocols of the student elections and the student representation system in AUB remain shrouded in darkness for many AUB students. Following the tradition of other liberal arts colleges, AUB has historically always had some form or another of student representation. “AUB is famous for having student movements,” said Dean of Student Affairs Talal Nizameddin. The organization of the student government is structured to fit the diverse interests of

mote this event.” Another added benefit of this year’s race was AUB’s contributions to NGOs, mainly the Braveheart Fund and The Nature Conservation Center (formerly known as Ibsar). During registration, AUB students decided which organization to give a percentage of their fee to.

the student body. Each faculty, seven in total, elects a Student Representative Committee (SRC). The number of students in each SRC is more or less proportional to the number of students in the respective faculty. Each SRC has a cabinet of a student-elected president, vice-president, secretary and treasurer, as well as class representatives. Each SRC has delegates that form a central body, the University Student Faculty Committee (USFC). President Dorman, the president of the USFC, is represented within the committee by Nizameddin. Student delegates represent the interests of their faculties at the central body and take care of the primary issues of students in their faculties. “What some students don’t

realize is that hierarchy-wise, the SRC is higher [than the USFC], because a student cannot be a USFC delegate if he or she is not elected to the SRC first,” said Nizameddin. The student government has more responsibilities than simply being a liaison to the faculty and other basic organizational duties. The SRC is expected to address any issue that is of interest to AUB students, especially one that affects many students around campus and may need examination and improvement on the part of the administration. If the SRC is not satisfied with the response of the administration, it may lobby. Over the years, the SRC has been an organized forum where not only problems have been discussed, but solutions were put forth, such as the

protests against the increase in tuition fees a few years ago and the demand to lower the cafeteria prices last year. It’s no secret that some groups are politically affiliated. In fact, that might be the only thing some know about the student elections at AUB. “AUB’s official stand is that there are no political groups, but we understand that there are bonds with external political parties,” said Nizameddin. “However, these parties don’t really interfere a lot on campus.” He explained how these groups tenaciously defend their independence from external parties who may be organizing their campaigns at AUB. “Young people should have a cause and an opinion,” he said.


Spotlight 路 9

November 14, 2012

September 26, 2012

Campaigns underway at West Hall

Photocredit: Haydar Al-Shakeri

AUB decides their representatives

Photo credit: Alex Potter and Mohammad Azzam


10 · Editorial

November 14, 2012

September 26, 2012

Campus problems demand parties tackle lingering issues, dim partisan visions Outlook Editorial Board

A glint of promise shines through any electoral process, from the recent U.S. elections to Tuesday’s elections here at AUB. These pages are filled with remarks from candidates of every party, representing all faculties, conveying promises to the AUB student body ranging from the mundane (but necessary) to the wonderful and revolutionary. The tedious campaigning is over, the polls are closed and all votes are accounted for, yet the job, as it is often said, is far from over. It is now up to those we elected to the Student Representative Committee and the University Student Faculty Committee to keep their

promises. Regardless of one’s political preferences—or lack thereof—it is up to us, the AUB community, to make sure that our elected officials remain transparent and worthy of the confidence instilled in them with our votes. This is perhaps the largest issue that AUB has faced related to its student council members. New reforms to the USFC election system this year make it a direct democracy. No longer will the representatives elect members from among their own ranks, with putatively independent candidates aligning with parties for voting. That the system needed safeguards against political horse trading and nepotism is

not an encouraging sign. Campus elections have become a valuable bellwether of national political sentiment. Parties invest heavily in ensuring their oncampus affiliates show well during the elections. These and other outside influences invest the SRC and USFC contests with outsized significance far beyond what is commanded by their authority on campus. Needless to say, candidates do not fight so vigorously over competing plans to keep library printers well-stocked with paper. Successive student governments have ignored such critical issues as transparency and crippling bureaucratic slowness so long it’s questionable they will

ever be seriously addressed. In light of such shortcomings, it is easy to become disaffected with the elections, yet there are reasons to be sanguine. The fact that the University is committed to reforming the process means administrators are willing to work with elected representatives on pressing issues, no matter what the motivations of the candidates. The national affiliations of our student government parties are among the worst-kept secrets on campus. Nonetheless, those representatives who are elected from opposing parties—or independent ones—represent all students in their faculties, not just those who voted for them.

After any bitter election, opposing sides must come together to recognize the common goals and ambitions that motivated them to enter the fray. This campus is not so large that political rivalries can divide students who otherwise agree on issues and their solutions. At times, it seems all too easy to enjoy the benefits of democracy and representation without the serious obligations.

In policy shakeup, USFC members elected directly Continued from page 1 members dedicate their time to problems pertaining to the university as a whole, such as cafeteria issues, extending reading days, and dealing with club budgets. One may have noticed, for example, that under the names of certain candidates, there is a small “USFC” title, meaning that that person is running for USFC. In addition, two

asterisks can be found next to USFC candidates on the voting ballots. According to Nizameddin, the main reason behind this change in policy is to alleviate any allegations of intimidation or threatening before USFC elections. For example, if two clubs had an equal number of SRC members, they could each

threaten or bully an independent member to vote for their “people” for the USFC. Nizameddin also wanted to decrease internal maneuvering and strategizing among different clubs. He recounted a time an SRC member was voted in on the pretext of being an independent. When it came time for USFC elections, however, he announced

he belonged to a particular group and helped them obtain a majority in the USFC. With the new policy, such maneuvering will be prevented. It appears that most students agree with the change. “The new system gives students a greater chance to be represented,” said Fatima Alba, an FAS candidate. “It’s also a lot simpler and more

straight-forward.” Yara Dib-Hajj, an Active AUBite candidate, also welcomed the change. “It seems much fairer,” Dib-Hajj said. “Sometimes, the SRC don’t vote for USFC members you like. This way, students will have a more direct say in who represents them in the USFC.”

Proofreader: Ian Larson Member-at-large Sarah Khalil News Executives Kanzi Kamel Rayane Zahreddine Hrag Vosgerichian Ferial Fakih Nizar Awwad Layout Team Tania Rayes Nizar Aouad

Sahar Khraibani Mohammad Yaghi Suhail Yazaji Webmaster Jad Shamseddine Business Manager Luma Itani Buisness Executive Sarah Harfouch Photographers Mohammad Azzam Hayder Al-Shakeri Karen Sertin

Staff Writers Mohamad Sibai Frederic Abou Jaoude Elena Grissom Assia Noureddine Karim Zahed Hashem Osserian Karen Sertin Carla Sertin Nerses Arslenian Richard Le Vay Al-Zahraa Majed Sarah Dirani

Rana Harbi Nour Shurbaji Ghida Ismail Nadeem Bilani Noura Hamzeh Sara Sobh Diala Ahwash Yasser Zayyat Zaynab Jaber Cartoonists Ghassan Nassar Jad Jari Maya Ayache

Staff List Chairsperson Talal Nizameddin Editor-in-Chief Heather Jaber Associate Editor Ali Kassem Arabic Editor Mada Dibs Arabic Associate Editor: Alaa Kayali Layout Editor: Antoine Ayoub


Viewpoints · 11

November 14, 2012

September 26, 2012

Speak out or stand down Nadeem Bilani Staff Writer In light of Barack Obama’s recent re-election, as well as the frenzy of our very own

student elections occurring right here on campus, I’ve been thinking a lot about politics. Many Lebanese people blame the disharmony of our

state on the waxing and waning shifts of power constituting our government. These people argue that political conflict is only holding Lebanon back from reaching its full potential.

But if politics, the governance of a state’s internal and external affairs, is to be diminished, does that not simply prep society for anarchy? Where does the line lie

U.S. presidential elections: An “Obama-nation” Thurayya Zreik Staff Writer Nov. 6 marked the re-election of Barack Obama to a second term as president of the United States. Obama did not only secure another four years in the White House—he maintained the throne of an empire. The night of the elections, the world, including most of the AUB student body, anxiously watched live streams, social media updates and international as well as local news channels for any hint of the possible outcome. This only seems the natural way things should go—after all, as one of my peers put it, “Anything that happens in America affects everyone else in the world.” But one has only to stop and ponder a reversal of the roles to see the implications of

this, unfortunately true, statement. Do Americans plaster themselves to their television sets, watching the Lebanese parliamentary elections with as much exhilaration as we watch theirs? The image seems so absurd. But why should it be? What makes it acceptable for one culture’s internal politics to normally dominate the media, and not another’s? One could argue that we are so invested in the U.S. elections because they have received so much media coverage over the past few months. But that again requires that Western media outlets are our main source of news and entertainment, at least in the socio-economic circle that most AUB students fall into. The Internet in particular has smothered us with so many images of President Obama that he has come to be a ce-

between passionately defending our beliefs, and destructively imposing ideologies? Chase Whiteside, journalist, documentary filmmaker and founder of New Left Media, published a short exposé on YouTube, in which supporters at a Mitt Romney rally in Ohio last week were interviewed about why

they stood for Romney. One overzealous woman attacked Obama for being a Muslim, a Christian and an atheist—all at the same time. Another elderly woman claimed that Obama had taken away many of their freedoms. “I don’t even feel like I can go outside anymore without someone watching me,” she said. A third Romney supporter was asked to elaborate furlebrity. The truth is much uglier than all the image macros of Obama fist-bumping Michelle circulating around the Internet would have us believe. Perhaps Obama’s laidback style and internal policies have made him the

more favored candidate for Americans in this and last term’s elections. But despite being an American institution, AUB, and its student body, remains in the Middle East, the region that has received most of the brunt of Obama’s appalling foreign policy. Obama’s first term was marked by his ominous silence regarding the Gaza massacre of 2009, which, with a series of drone strikes, most in violation of international law, resulted in hun-

ther when he said that Romney could lower the deficit. Dumbstruck by the interviewer’s insistence, he could only say that Romney “had more ideas out there.” Not only were the critiques of Obama outrageously unfounded (and irrelevant, I might add), but it also appeared as though many supporters didn’t even know why they stood behind Romney. What I’d like so stress is that I’m not generalizing the Republican Party, or even taking a stance to denounce their fundamental principles. Rather, I’m questioning the intention of an individual to support a public figure when they are not adequately versed in his or her policy. How can you vote for someone if you don’t know what that person stands for? This can be applied to our own society here in Lebanon. Sometimes we can get so wrapped up in the frenzy of

politics, that the main issues become an undercurrent. Forget the colors, logos, fliers and badges, and learn about the real issues. When we do not do this, governance suddenly transforms into a game of power players—not a body united enough to fulfill its very intended function of governing. I believe that it’s every voter’s responsibility to make informed decisions. I don’t claim that there is any one right way of doing things. When people stubbornly hold on to their opinions, without at least trying to understand other points of view, a state of strife and disunion is created. Sometimes the mark of intellectual substance is not having all the answers, but possessing the capacity to say: “I don’t know, but I’m willing to find out more.”

dreds of civilian deaths. So why are we glued to our television screens, rooting for a man whose foreign policies do not harm this region any less than his opponent’s? This can be explained in a single term: cultural imperialism, the domination of one cul-

forget that we consolidate its position of power every day by allowing ourselves to become so entranced by its internal affairs as though they were our own. I only ask that inhabitants of this region and anywhere else in the world consider these elections with an open mind,

ture over another so wholly that its values, although out of context, become internalized within us. America is an empire. Many people have discussed this notion, and many more ultimately will. But we must not

and remember that although Obama may have established himself as a well-liked celebrity among Americans, to many in the outside world he remains what British-Palestinian rapper Lowkey has called an


12 · Outloud

November 14, 2012

September 26, 2012

Outloud: If there is something you would want to change about the campaign week, what would it be? Meer Ako Ali Contributing Writer

Samer Serhal

Computer and Communications Engineering

Sari Kassar Physics

“It’s not really professional. Everyone votes for who they know. It’s more like a popularity contest. I would make it more professional and serious. Students should vote for whoever deserves it.”

“I would change the way the campaigners approach the voters. They don’t have to stick to you and tell you ‘Please vote for me!’ If you are motivated to vote for them, you would do it.”

Hasib Safieddine Agriculture

Mariam Cherri Chemical Engineering

“Maybe remove the political affiliation.”

“Some campaigns have more funds than others, so they have more opportunity to win. Mostly, I’d change how the funding works and set limits.”

Nour Haddad Food Sciences “Nothing. It looks fine.”

Rackel Mezher Chemical Engineering / Candidate

Patrick Hilan Business Administration

“First of all, I’d get the administration to limit the campaign spending or at least monitor their sources. Secondly, I’ll try to limit the negotiations that every campaign group has to go through to get their booths. I’d also monitor the platforms and promotions.”

“It’s better to have two full days than three half days.”

Salaheddine Harb Business Administration

Catherine Ramia Mechanical Engineering

“Either delay it or have it earlier, because it’s in the middle of the semester.”

“There should be a limit to how much money should be spent in campaign advertisement.”

Matt Mitchell Middle Eastern Studies

Souraya Kreidieh Public Administration

“More advertisement on what’s going on. I’m not sure what people are running for, and what the student government is able to change.”

"The organization of the elections is fine and the spirit is really good. We should change the core concept: why should we let the outside affect our generation too?"


Columns . 13

November 14, 2012

September 26, 2012

Tech column: Computer parts for the layman

Health column: Lose weight without starving

Food column: Need an energy boost?

Off the beaten track: Da Vinci’s machines in Beirut

Environmental column: Lebanon talks climate change

Sany Farajalla Staff Writer

Antoine Ayoub Staff Writer

Carla Sertin Staff Writer

Kanzi Kamel News Executive

Rayane Zahreddine News Executive

Were the advancement of society to be measured by how aware people are of technology, most of us would still be reading scrolls by candlelight in mud huts. Fortunately, this isn’t the case…yet. Assuming that you are a resident of Earth, you’re aware of how much we rely on computers. Still, the fact that the first thing many people say when buying a new computer is “I want a white/black/[insert color of choice] one” is nothing short of shameful. Thankfully, understanding what each computer part does is easy. Here is a rundown: Preliminary Information: A byte (B) is a unit of information, just like a gram is a unit of mass. The metric system prefixes apply just the same way here. ‘Giga-’ is good and ‘Tera-’ is better. The Processor: Picture a hamster running on a wheel. The faster it runs, the faster the machine goes. That, in essence, is what a processor does, the hamster representing its core, or heart. This allows the computer to go through data at varying speeds depending on the type. The most common series of processor today is made by Intel and is split into three categories: i3, i5 and i7. i3 is a dual--core processor, which means that there are two hamsters running at the same time. i5 and i7 are both quad-core processors, four hamsters, with the i7 hamsters being a lot more powerful than the i5s. Processing power, or the speed of the hamsters, is measured in Gigahertz (GHz). Given that the technology is constantly changing, a base speed is difficult to give, but anything slower than 1.83 GHz for laptops is bad. For mobiles anything below 1 GHz is subpar.

It’s sad to witness people try to lose weight by depriving themselves of essential sustenance. We all hear many ridiculous excuses, my favorite being calorie counting. A 100 milliliter cup of full fat milk has about 64 kilocalories, while the less rich in taste semi-skimmed milk has almost 46. With a calorie difference so insignificant, the taste of full fat milk takes the cake. On the other hand, exercise is not necessarily the best way to permanently lose those last ten kilos; you have to understand calorie burning. Regardless of age or weight, daily calorie needs (DCN) are 70 percent for the basal metabolic rate (BMR), eight percent for digestion and 22 percent for physical activity. BMR represents the physiological functions of the body like the kidney, heart, brain, lung and liver functions. Long-term weight lifting increases your physical activity burn and BMR; you lose more weight because you’re now burning more calories than by just doing cardio. Still, you shouldn’t be fooled by the scale, for such regimens will change a body drastically. The body adapts to the the exercises, increasing muscle mass and decreasing body fat, causing more frequent hunger. Eating more supports the increased muscle mass and raises the BMR. You’ll notice you haven’t lost a pound, but muscle has replaced the mass once occuped by fat, therefore transforming one’s body into it’s almost perfect form. Meaning that, after following the program for a few months, one’s BMR reaches a plateau higher than the original, and the body reaches its idle state of fitness.

College students are known for staying up all night – whether they’re studying, writing essays or checking Facebook- and still being able to function normally in the morning. For the rest of us mere mortals, here are some eating habits to give you that muchneeded energy boost. Have a bite to eat when you wake up. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day, and having a balanced one can help you wake up and maintain high energy for the rest of the day. Stop going cuckoo for coco puffs and try whole grain foods. The carbohydrates in whole grains are complex and take longer to break down, giving you a steady source of energy for longer. Instead of large meals three times a day, break them up and eat smaller, more frequent meals. Large meals can cause your blood sugar to spike and then crash, and digesting them takes more of your energy, making you feel sluggish. For snacks, trade in the Snickers bar for an apple. Fruits are a quick source of energy and are rich in vitamins, which are necessary for body functions and energy. Try to avoid excess sugar; sugary foods cause a spike in your energy, but it is quickly followed by a crash. While food is your main energy source, don’t forget to have your daily eight cups of water. Dehydration is serious, and drinking water frequently can perk you up throughout the day. Finally, there’s caffeine. Coffee and tea do the trick, but caffeine is addictive, so if you need a cup of coffee just to function, your body isn’t behaving healthily and you should try other energy sources instead.

Da Vinci’s inventions are once more brought to life, this time right here in Lebanon. The “Da Vinci’s Machines” exhibition was opened on Nov. 7 in the Platea center in Jounieh.. In cooperation with the Leonardo Da Vinci museum in Florence, Platea promises to offer one of its most unique exhibits of the year. The exhibit is host to more than 60 machines designed by Da Vinci. Though not actually constructed by the Renaissance man himself, the machines were rebuilt by Italian craftsmen, who used the records of Da Vinci’s drawings and designs to recreate his inventions. To add to the authenticity, the men only used the material available at the time. Organized into five galleries, each of the inventions pertains to war, flying, nautical or hydraulic machines. The fifth gallery contains reproductions of some of Da Vinci’s most famous artwork, such as Madonna of the Rocks, Portrait of a Musician and even the Mona Lisa. According to the exhibit’s website, the event also includes animated films and drawings to relate the inventions to modern day applications. Best yet, the exhibit promises some interactive machines, allowing guests to meddle with and discover the intended purpose of the designs. The exhibit is open until Dec. 7, so be sure to visit it while it lasts. The antiquities of the galleries, while only perhaps mere replications in comparison to their genuine counterparts in Florence, are still fascinating to behold. After all, who could pass up ancient war machines?

With emissions of greenhouse gases growing-- namely due to fossil fuel consumption-- scientists predict a rise in Earth’s surface temperature by 2°C to 6°C, causing sea level rise, extreme weather and changes in ocean circulation. This was predicted by model simulations by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Some models forecasted that people will increasingly burn fossil fuels, others assumed carbon dioxide emissions will grow slowly. Since the late 1970’s, scientists have not been able to narrow this range down, but a recent study by scientists at the U.S. National Center for Atmospheric research showed worst-case climate sensitivity as probably most accurate. Environment Minister Nazem Khoury addressed the need to acknowledge climate change and its impact in Lebanon last Thursday, in preparation for the upcoming United Nations convention on climate change in Doha. In the panel discussion, Khoury recognized that the long periods of droughts and heavy rain seasons observed in Lebanon indicate that managing water resources in the country is highly important. He spoke of the consequences of climate change on the Arab world and on Lebanon, despite its relatively small contribution in worldwide carbon dioxide emissions. Khoury stressed that efforts to combat climate change will not put the Lebanese economic growth at risk. He announced the launch of projects to improve cooperation between ministries and the introduction of new technologies to help reduce emissions and adapt to climate change.


14 · Arts & Culture

November 14, 2012

September 26, 2012

Hamra personality of the Aerosmith’s back? Dream on! week: Nai’im of Latte Art Carla Sertin Douglas, and actor Johnny more than just a trace of the Hayder Al-Shakeri Photographer Walking on Bliss Street, you might have noticed a small coffee and bakery shop and a guy greeting you with a big smile. That would be Latté Art and Na’im is the man behind the counter. Even though Latté Art is small and does not have seating, it still competes with the big chain coffee shops in Hamra because it has the personal touch that customers appreciate. Na’im knows the names of his frequent customers and he even greets them from across the street if he sees them, making them not only customers, but also his friends. Latté Art has a variety of coffees, fresh baked goods

and sweets. In an interview with Outlook, Na’im mentions that Latté Art has been open for around seven years now. Most of his customers are students from AUB, many of them coming to him on a daily basis to get their morning coffees. Na’im also makes bagels every morning. Na’im works in Latté Art from seven in the morning until seven in the evening, when Abed takes his place and stays there until one in the morning. “It sells great coffee for an incredibly decent price,” said Yara Nagi, one of the frequent customers at Latté Art. “Na’im is such a sweet and friendly guy that genuinely gets out of his way to get to know his customers. Plus, he knew my order from the second time I went to get coffee from there.”

Photocredit: Haydar Al-Shakeri

Staff Writer

There are very few bands that could withstand a history as troubled as that of Aerosmith. Their last album of original work, “Just Push Play,” was released in 2001. So this year’s “Music from Another Dimension,” released on November 6, is their much-anticipated return to the stage. “Music from Another Dimension” gives us a taste of the past, with its range of musical styles spanning the length of Aerosmith’s career, featuring a mix of ballads, Beatlesstyle music, some rockers and a country song thrown in for good measure. In terms of musical performance itself, Joe Perry and Brad Whitford deliver, as usual, with flawless riffs that keep the audience engaged. Tyler’s vocal skills are first-rate, and he switches from raspy to smooth faster than you can say “Chain Reaction.” Joe Perry also jumps out from the background, taking lead vocals in “Something” and “Freedom Fighter”, the latter of which is a personal shout-out to all the activists fighting against the infamous African warlord Joseph Kony. The background vocals in “Freedom Fighter” are taken by the band’s producer, Jack

Depp, making for a strange collaboration that somehow works. “What Could Have Been Love” takes on the role of the classic tearjerker, with vocals and music that don’t disappoint. Though the song is catchy, it has the tired, done-to-death feel that is characteristic of the band’s later albums. They counteract the overdose on ballads with a number of songs that have high energy, such as “Freedom Fighter”, “Oh Yeah” and “Legendary Child,” which hit the spot, leaving you feeling pumped up and somewhat gritty. While Aerosmith injects

good old days into their latest album, they do not cater solely to their old fan base. In stead, they feature Carrie Underwood in “Can’t Stop Loving You,” a country-rock duet. Tyler and Underwood are both belters, and they work well together, but I found it to be a bit too screechy for my taste. Clearly the album is not groundbreaking, and I don’t see any songs on the album becoming huge hits. However, if nothing else, it proved to me that though this may be another last goodbye, we haven’t heard the last of them.

Source: http://keepingupwithnz.com

Book review: The Map of Time Deedee Jilani Staff Writer The idea of time travel has long captivated human interest. Imagine it was possible to go back in time and catch a cold-blooded murderer to save your one true love. What would the world be like if time travel were possible? In the novel “The Map of Time,” author Felix J. Palma narrates the story of three different men and how their lives have change because of a be-

lief in time travel. Palma sets the story in England in 1905. It’s divided into three parts, each focusing on one character. In the first, Andrew Harrington grieves for his dead lover, the prostitute Marie Kelly, murdered by the infamous Jack the Ripper. After eight years of mourning, he decides to commit suicide. This is precisely is when his cousin Charles comes and tells him about a time machine that can take him back in time to kill Jack the Rip-

per and save Marie Kelly. The rest of the story has the reader hoping, speculating, and in awe of a sudden turn of events that will change Harrington’s life forever. The second part focuses on the hoax of “Murray’s Time Travel Machine.” Here, one of the characters playing the role of the hero of the year 2000, is approached by a visitor while he is still in costume. Realizing that Murray may kill him for exposing himself to a visitor, he hides and seeks

help from the author of “The Time Machine,” H. G. Wells. Wells plays along in the charade between the young man and the young lady who saw him. Ultimately, the young man would risk it all for the idea of time travel. The last part has Wells himself witnessing unexplained murders that have been caused by a weapon of the future. Knowing that “Murray’s Time Travel Machine” is a hoax, he has a hard time believing that this could be caused by a man

of the future. However, the closer he comes to meeting the person responsible for the murders, the closer he realizes that time travel is closer than he thought imaginable. In conclusion, Palma’s art of time travel writing, added the theme: the continual time flow of the narrator. This novel will have sci-fi lovers scratching their heads and rereading paragraphs to understand what is happening.


Entertainment 路 15

November 14, 2012

September 26, 2012

Photo of the week:

Sudoku

Even AUB cats need their morning coffee. Photocredit: Frederic Abou Jaoude

Riddle I was born in the 18th century yet still live on today. Appearing on TV when I have something to say. Called everything from "honest" to a dirty, rotten "crook" I used to wear a wig but have had several looks. I've always had a party but never disturb the neighbors. I've been shot at many times - major stories for the papers. What am I?

Source: www.websudoku.com

Answer: The Office of the President of the United

Source: www.trickyriddles.com

Cartoon by Jad Jarri


‫اجتماعيات ‪16 .‬‬ ‫‪September 26, 2012‬‬

‫‪ 14‬تشرين الثاني ‪2012‬‬

‫�شم�ست؟!‬ ‫�إذا حتت ال�شتي وهيك‪ ،‬كيف لو َّ‬ ‫على الطبيعة‪ .‬جتمع املتطوعون باإلضافة للرقصة االستعراضية‪،‬‬ ‫دياال أحوش‬ ‫قدمت مجموعة “‪Vocal Voice‬‬ ‫و املشاركون أو إذا صح القول‪،‬‬ ‫‪ ”Point‬عرض غنائي‪/‬موسيقي‪،‬‬ ‫منذ ما يقارب الشهرين‬ ‫ ‬ ‫جتمع من بقي من املتطوعني و‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫و شارك الطالب بجلسة “يوغا‬ ‫بدأت حملة “‪”Run AUB Run‬‬ ‫املشاركني أمام نقطة االنطالق‬ ‫في البيال‪ .‬بدأ السباق الالنتحاري‪ ،‬للضحك” قدمتها األخصائية‪:‬‬ ‫معلنة عن مشاركة اجلامعة‬ ‫تسلح املشاركون مبظالت تعلق سابني جيزي‪ .‬كما وُ ِج َد ْت منصة‬ ‫األميركية في بيروت‪ ،‬في بيروت‬ ‫بلوم بنك ماراثون السنوي‪ .‬األحد بالرأس و “اتكلوا عاهلل و ركضوا”‪ .‬تشجيعية ثابتة باسم اجلامعة‪.‬‬ ‫شهدت املنصة عدة عروض فنية‬ ‫في الواحد و العشرين من الشهر رافق فريق اجلامعة جهاز صوتي‬ ‫متنوعة مع اشتراك مجموعة‬ ‫اجلاري كان اليوم املنتظر‪ .‬اجلميع متحرك بث املوسيقى على‬ ‫يتحضر ألكبر حدث رياضي في‬ ‫طول السباق‪ .‬جتسيدا ً لرؤية‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫الشرق األوسط و لسوء حظ‬ ‫“برايف هارت”‪ ،‬جر ّ الطالب سرير‬ ‫املنظمني اختارت الطبيعة أن‬ ‫مرضي رمزي‪ ،‬جلس عليه جاد‪،‬‬ ‫تطلق سلسلة عواصفها لشتاء طفل الثالثة أعوام‪ ،‬مرتديا ً ثوب‬ ‫‪ 2013-2012‬في هذا اليوم بالذات املستشفيات ممثال ً األطفال‬ ‫و شهدت بيروت نهاية أسبوع‬ ‫املصابني بأمراض القلب‪ .‬لفت‬ ‫عاصفة‪.‬‬ ‫جاد أنظار املشاركني بطريقة‬ ‫ألن احلدث الرياضي سبقه أشهر استثنائية‪ .‬غير آب ٍه بالطقس‪،‬‬ ‫من التحضير و مبا أن احلدث‬ ‫راح يرقص و يصفق على وقع‬ ‫يتخطى حدود لبنان إذ يشارك به األنغام املوسيقية‪ ،‬و صفق‬ ‫رياضيون من جميع أنحاء العالم‪ ،‬ألطفال اجلمعية الذين أدوا رقصة‬ ‫بقي موعد املاراثون ثابتا و قررت‬ ‫جماعية استعراضية مفتتحني‬ ‫اللجنة املنظمة إنو “حتت الشتي االستعراضات العدة احملضرة لهذا‬ ‫نازلني” و نزلنا‪.‬‬ ‫احلدث‪.‬‬ ‫و كما جرت العادة تستغل‬ ‫يجدر اإلشارة إلى الروح املميزة‬ ‫اجلمعيات األهلية و الشركات‪،‬‬ ‫التي متتع بها املشاركون باسم‬ ‫املاراثون لترفع الشعارات و تركض جامعتنا‪ ،‬فعلى الرغم من املطر‪،‬‬ ‫ألهداف إنسانية‪ .‬في هذا السياق و على الرغم من البرد القارس‬ ‫ركضت اجلامعة األميركية باسم و ثيابهم التي تبللت بالكامل‪،‬‬ ‫“برايف هارت” و هي جمعية‬ ‫قرروا أن يكملوا السباق للنهاية و‬ ‫لاّ‬ ‫معنية بأمراض القلب لألطفال‬ ‫ضووها ك ”‪ .‬تعالت‬ ‫في الواقع “ركَ ُ‬ ‫و باسم“ “�‪Nature Conserva‬‬ ‫هتفاتهم و هيصاتهم و صار‬ ‫لاّ‬ ‫لاّ‬ ‫‪ – ”tion Center‬مركز احملافظة‬ ‫اجلميع يهتف “ي ‪ AUB‬ي ”‪.‬‬

‫من الطالب املتطوعني‪.‬‬ ‫شارك في املاراثون‪“ ،‬اشربوا سخن‬ ‫لن أغوص بتقييم جناح أو فشل و خذوا فيتامني” لكي ال يكون‬ ‫املاراثون لهذا العام‪ ،‬ففي النهاية احلدث الرياضي الهادف للتوعية‬ ‫التحكم بحالة الطقس ليس‬ ‫الصحية سبب مكوثكم في‬ ‫بيد اللجنة املنظمة أو اجلامعة‪ .‬الفراش ألسابيع‪.‬‬ ‫و لكن لو كنت أنا املنظم‪ ،‬ملا‬ ‫وضعت ثقتي في طقس شهر‬ ‫تشرين الثاني البيروتي في أول‬ ‫املطاف‪ .‬و أو ّجه توصياتي لكل من‬

‫زيتوينﹲّ �أنا‪...‬‬ ‫جورج حاصباني‬ ‫القرى و اندحر‪ .‬شجرة الزّيتون‬ ‫كاتب صحافي‬ ‫رجل‬ ‫بدعسة‬ ‫ح‬ ‫تتبج‬ ‫ة‬ ‫اجلنوبي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مقاوم ارتضى بتسليم روحه قبل‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫وددت اختصار ﹶ مكانة اجلنوب‬ ‫لبناني‪ .‬شجرة‬ ‫تراب‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ح‬ ‫تسليم‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫كلما ﹸ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ٍّ‬ ‫في صدري أستحضر ﹸ مشهد‬ ‫اجلنوبية تبرز صورة امرأ ﹴة‬ ‫الزّيتون‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫كرم‬ ‫شجرة‬ ‫محجب ﹴة حملت صليبها ودعت‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫زيتون رابض ﹴة في ﹴ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫تتميز‬ ‫نا ﹴء‬ ‫بانتصار الوطن‪ .‬شجرة الزّيتون‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫مفترس سفح اجلبل‪ّ .‬‬ ‫ت‬ ‫بسما‬ ‫ّبنانية‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫احملافظات‬ ‫اجلنوبية تستهلّ نهارها بذكر‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫خاص ﹴة لكلﹴّ منها‪ .‬فللبقاع‬ ‫اجلنوبيني‪.‬‬ ‫العظماء واملفكّرين‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الرقي‬ ‫ولبيروت‬ ‫واملالحم‪،‬‬ ‫الرجولة‬ ‫تفسح‬ ‫ة‬ ‫اجلنوبي‬ ‫يتون‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ال‬ ‫شجرة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫واألمل‪ ،‬وللشمال العنفوان‬ ‫آلمال األطفال‬ ‫لتسمح‬ ‫أغصانها‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫والتاريخ‪ ،‬وللجبل صالت الوصل‬ ‫وتعشش‪ .‬شجرة الزّيتون‬ ‫بأ ّن حتط‬ ‫أما للجنوب (مبا فيه‬ ‫اجلنوبية ﹸتطلق جذورها في ال ّتراب‬ ‫الزمانية‪ّ .‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫محافظة النبطية) فعطر‬ ‫لتستقي من نبع ثقافة احلياة‪.‬‬ ‫الزّيتون !‬ ‫عاد تشرين و انكفأ موسم‬ ‫اجلنوبيني‬ ‫يجمع‬ ‫ما‬ ‫الواقع‪،‬‬ ‫في‬ ‫قطاف شجر الزّيتون‪ .‬تو ّحد‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اجلنوبيون و أتلوا بزوغ ّ‬ ‫وأصل فحسب‪،‬‬ ‫ليس صلة دما ﹴء‬ ‫الشمس‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫زيتون تأبى أن تتزيّا‬ ‫بل شجرة‬ ‫على رطوبة حقل الزّيتون‪ .‬ليلة‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ﹸجهزت‬ ‫بسربال العبارات‪ .‬شجرة الزّيتون أمس‪ ،‬ﹸمتّت التحضيرات‪ّ .‬‬ ‫ب املواشي حلمل الغالل‪ ،‬وتقاسم‬ ‫اجلنوبية تلك تسرد ّ‬ ‫قصة شع ﹴ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫غلب لعبة القدر وقايض سطوة الرّجال أجزاء العمل على جبهات‬ ‫اجلنوبية‬ ‫املوت‪ .‬شجرة الزّيتون‬ ‫احلقول والبساتني‪ .‬وصل الرّجال‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫طاغ بلغ مشارف‬ ‫يتون و سطحوا‬ ‫إلى أراضي الز ّ ﹺ‬ ‫حت ّدث عن ﹴ‬

‫م ّدهم حتت األشجار وباشروا‬ ‫بعملية “اجلول” أ ّي بتحريك‬ ‫األغصان لتنهمر حبوب الزّيتون‬ ‫وتعلو أصوات انهمارها‪ ،‬ح ّتى‬ ‫لسامع بأن ّها انسيابات ﹲ‬ ‫ﹸيخيل‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫مذياع‬ ‫فم‬ ‫من‬ ‫ج‬ ‫تتأر‬ ‫ﹲ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫موسيقي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫مطروح في البستان‪ .‬وبقدر ما‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫يبتغي املزارع من احملصول‪ ،‬ﹶمتنحه‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الشجرة املزيد واملزيد من الغالل‪.‬‬ ‫كرم اجلنوب‪...‬‬ ‫عالمة‬ ‫هي‬ ‫تلك‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫انطالقا ﹰ من هنا ﹸتنقش حكايات‬ ‫اجلنوبية‪.‬‬ ‫الرصانة والضيافة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يتبخر الوقت مع فلق خزائن‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫االنتاج وتستميل شمس النهار‪،‬‬ ‫ويبدأ احلقل باالنغماس بصورة‬ ‫الظالم‪ .‬حينها تلتئم أقسام‬ ‫الغالل وﹸترسل إلى ورع املؤن‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫بواسط ﹺة املاشية حتضيرا ﹰ لبعثها‬ ‫إلى وجهة تصنيع منافعها‪.‬‬ ‫اجلنوبي‬ ‫وأخيراﹰ‪ ،‬ﹶينضب نهار‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫املكافح ويعود إلى داره بارتقاب‬ ‫يوم العزمية ال ّتالي‪.‬‬ ‫الشاب شاركوا في‬ ‫ق ّل ﹲة من اجليل‬ ‫ّ‬

‫عملية قطاف الزّيتون‪ .‬وباألحرى‪ ،‬ﹶجنهل‪ ...‬ماذا ننتظر؟ ال ﹸيثري أن‬ ‫مييزون بأ ّن الزّيتون ﹸيقطف نزرع الزّيتون لتلطيف مظه ﹺر‬ ‫قل ﹲة من ّ‬ ‫البيئة‪ .‬ال يكفي أن نزرع شجرة‬ ‫خالل اصفرار تشرين وهم من‬ ‫زيتون على مداخل منازلنا‬ ‫خصر اجلنوب‪ .‬على العموم‪،‬‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫لنلتقط الصور الفاتنة بالقرب‬ ‫تتلطى في انحطاط‬ ‫املشكلة ّ‬ ‫لنهب صوب قطاف الزّيتون‬ ‫منها‪.‬‬ ‫بتعلم‬ ‫الشاب‬ ‫اجليل‬ ‫الرغبة لدى‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫لتكمل فينا جبلة النخوة‪.‬‬ ‫ف ّن الطبيعة‪ .‬ولكن‪ ،‬انحطاط‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يتفشى سريعا ﹰ لنقبض العصا ولنتسلق أشجار‬ ‫معرفة الطبيعة‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫يتأهب خللق‬ ‫في مجتمعنا حتى أصبح يرسي الزّيتون ولننتشل ح ّبا ّ‬ ‫أشطر الفوائد‪ .‬ما زال موسم‬ ‫مضيق اجلهل‪ .‬فالكثير من‬ ‫في‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫وساق‬ ‫قدم‬ ‫والعربي‪ ،‬قد‬ ‫اللبناني‬ ‫شبابنا‬ ‫القطاف جارﹴ على ﹴ‬ ‫ﹴ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫في اجلنوب وفي كلّ مرابع لبنان‪،‬‬ ‫عملية قطاف الزيتون‬ ‫في‬ ‫يجد‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وما زالت أغصان األشجار تتعنّد‬ ‫مهم ﹰة مستعصي ﹰة وسط ذيع‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫محصول‬ ‫لكثرة‬ ‫الرياح‬ ‫بوجه‬ ‫لذلك‪،‬‬ ‫ية‪.‬‬ ‫ج‬ ‫التكنولو‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ي‬ ‫احليو‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫فاجلدير بالذك ﹺر في هذه الزاوية هو حملها‪ .‬فلنتجمهر ولنجسر نحو‬ ‫معترك القطاف ولنشعر فعال ﹰ‬ ‫أ ّن شجرة الزّيتون تلك ال ّتي لم‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫الزيتوني‪.‬‬ ‫ﹸنزجر من التبجيل بها قادرةﹲ على بانتمائنا‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫معاقبتنا‪ .‬فإذا استطردنا السير‬ ‫بهذا املقصد‪ ،‬فإن ّنا سنفتق ﹸد‬ ‫لطعم زيت الزّيتون قريباﹰ‪.‬‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫لنعترف باجحافنا بحق ّ شجرة‬ ‫الزّيتون‪ .‬لنقر ّ بتفريطنا بتلك‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الشجرة الكنز‪ ،‬فنحن ﹶنزهو مبا‬


‫‪ . 17‬آراء حرة‬

‫‪26‬ترشين األ ّول‪2012 ،‬‬

‫‪ 14‬تشرين الثاني‪2012 ،‬‬

‫مربوك‪ ..‬وعقبال العايزين !‬ ‫نورة حمزة‬ ‫مراسلة صحافية‬ ‫أود أن أبدأ بتقدمي أحر‬ ‫ ‬ ‫التهاني للرئيس األميركي‬ ‫املنتخب لواليته الثانية “باراك‬ ‫اوباما”‪ .‬ألف مبروك‪ ...‬حقاً‪ ..‬و‬ ‫أمتنى له و جلميع األميركيني‬ ‫العيش بثبات مع بعضهم‬ ‫واالستمرار في “السيطرة على‬ ‫العالم كافةً”‪.‬‬ ‫أهنئ الشعب األميركي على‬ ‫دميقراطيته وردة فعله احلضارية‬

‫في تقبل اخلسارة والرأي اآلخر‪.‬‬ ‫ها هو مت رومني ورغم خسارته‬ ‫املدوية يقدم التهنئة خلصمه‬ ‫السياسي‪ .‬كذلك أوباما في‬ ‫املقابل ميد يده للجمهوريني‬ ‫للتعاون في مواجهة التحديات‬ ‫التي تهدد االقتصاد األميركي‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 2012‬سنة “انتخابية” بامتياز‬ ‫بدأت في الربيع املاضي مع‬ ‫اجلمهورية الفرنسية حيث فاز‬ ‫االشتراكي فرنسوا هوالند ‪،‬‬ ‫وتكتمل اآلن مع انتصار أوباما‬ ‫في الواليات املتحدة‪ .‬في ظل‬

‫حتضرهم وتقبلهم لآلخر؟ وإلى‬ ‫هذين احلدثني‪ ،‬كان اللبنانيون‬ ‫أي مدى سوف ننجح في تطبيق‬ ‫يتابعون باهتمام وشغف‪،‬‬ ‫يحللون املناظرات بني املرشحني‪ ،‬هكذا نهج في لبنان يساهم‬ ‫في إرساء قواعد احلياة الكرمية‬ ‫ويتبادلون التوقعات مترقبني‬ ‫التي حتترم اإلنسان‪ ،‬امرأة كانت‬ ‫النتائج بحماس‪ .‬فكل التهنئة‬ ‫أم رجال ً “ رجال ً كان أو امرأة”‪،‬‬ ‫لشعبي احلبيب على اهتمامه‬ ‫وتطلعاته وتضمن حقوقه و‬ ‫باألمور اخلارجية‪ ،‬تغيير جو عن‬ ‫مشاكل بلدنا الالمتناهية‪ .‬ولكن‪ ،‬واجباته‪ .‬إننا نتطلع للعيش في‬ ‫مجتمع معافى‪ ،‬حائز على ممثلني‬ ‫إلى أين سيوصلنا هذا االهتمام‬ ‫للشعب ضامنني لتلك املبادئ‪.‬‬ ‫الفائق ؟ هل سنخضع للعبة‬ ‫و السؤال األهم هل سنتعلم‬ ‫اإلعالم األميركي؟ أم سوف‬ ‫من الغرب التقاليد السليمة‬ ‫نستفيد ونتعلم من إيجابيات‬ ‫ملواجهة خصمنا السياسي‪ ،‬أم‬ ‫اجملتمعات املتقدمة ‪ ،‬من بعض‬

‫أننا غير مستعدين للتخلي عن‬ ‫حرق الدواليب وأعمال الشغب و‬ ‫تسكير الطرقات؟ أم سنكتفي‬ ‫ببساطة بتقليد ثيابهم‪،‬‬ ‫وبرامجهم ومأكوالتهم وحتى‬ ‫سخافاتهم؟‬ ‫طريقنا طويل‪ ،‬وأمامنا حتد يتمثل‬ ‫في إقرار قانون عصري لالنتخابات‬ ‫النيابية يشكل خطوة إصالحية‬ ‫في نظامنا السياسي املترهل‪.‬‬

‫ن�صائح غذائية يجب �إتباعها قبل كل �إمتحان‬ ‫سارة أحمد الديراني‬ ‫بفترة ساعة أو ساعتني‪ ،‬وليس‬ ‫كاتبة صحفية‬ ‫قبل االمتحان مباشرة‪ .‬ولكن‬ ‫هذه الوجبة ال يجب أن تكون أية‬ ‫ ‬ ‫لكل منا وجهة نظره وجبة بل على العكس يجب أن‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫اخلاصة فيما يتعلق مبسألة‬ ‫تكون وجبة صحية مفيدة جتنبنا‬ ‫الطعام أو بتحديد الوجبة‬ ‫الشعور باجلوع أثناء االمتحان‬ ‫التي سيتناولها قبل خضوعه‬ ‫ومتنح جسدنا الطاقة الالزمة له‪.‬‬ ‫لالمتحان‪ .‬فالبعض يرى أن نوع‬ ‫وأهم األمثلة على‬ ‫الطعام غير مهم ولكن املهم‬ ‫هذه الوجبات هي السلطات‬ ‫هو أن يتناول أي وجبة إن كانت‬ ‫على اختالف أنواعها (سلطة‬ ‫صحية أم ال لكي ال يشعر باجلوع اخلضروات‪ ،‬سلطة التونة‪)... ،‬‬ ‫وهو يجري امتحانه‪.‬أما البعض‬ ‫وذلك بسبب احتوائها على أنواع‬ ‫اآلخر فيرى أنه من األفضل عدم‬ ‫مختلفة من اخلضروات التي‬ ‫تناول أي وجبه مهما كانت‬ ‫تعتبر مصدر أساسي للمعادن‪،‬‬ ‫صغيرة أم كبيرة لكي يتجنب أي وهي وجبة صحية خفيفة‬ ‫إحتمال ألم قد يتعرض له وهو‬ ‫جتنبك الشعور باجلوع لفترة‪ .‬كما‬ ‫يجري امتحانه‪ ،‬ومن خالل جتنبه‬ ‫وأن العديد من األبحاث أكدت‬ ‫للطعام يرى نفسه في اجلانب‬ ‫على أن اخلضروات تزيد القدرة‬ ‫السليم من املسألة‪.‬‬ ‫الذهنية واإلدراكية للطالب‪،‬‬ ‫ولكن احلقيقة تختلف عن بسبب احتوائها على مواد‬ ‫هذا كله فالطعام الذي نتناوله‬ ‫مضادة لألكسدة تعزز توريد الدم‬ ‫قبل االمتحان يؤثر ولو جزئيا على بشكل صحي إلى املادة الرمادية‬ ‫قدرتنا في التركيز‪ .‬وما أعنيه هنا في الدماغ املسؤولة عن املهارات‬ ‫هو أنه من الضروري أن نتناول‬ ‫الذهنية‪.‬‬ ‫وجبة صغيرة قبل االمتحان‪،‬‬ ‫بالنسبة لألطعمة التي‬

‫أو النسكافيه منذالصباح الباكر‬ ‫يجب جتنبها أو اإلقالل منها‬ ‫ي‏‪ :‬األطعمة التي حتتوي علي وحتى وقت االمتحان‪ .‬وذلك ظنا ً‬ ‫فه ‏‬ ‫الدهون املشبعة كاللحوم احلمراء منهم أن املنبهات املوجودة في‬ ‫ومنتجات األلبان كاملة الدسم‏‪،‬‏ هذه األكواب ستساعدهم على‬ ‫واملقليات والسكريات واملعجنات‪.‬‏ التركيز وستجنبهم الشعور‬ ‫بالنعاس‪ .‬وذلك بسبب النتائج‬ ‫ألنها أطعمة ثقيلة على املعدة‬ ‫الفورية ملادة الكافيني التي متد‬ ‫وقد تشعرنا بتلبكات معوية ‪،‬‬ ‫اجلسم بالنشاط والقوة الذهنية‬ ‫نفضل جتنبها قبل اإلمتحان‪.‬‬ ‫الالزمني‪ .‬إال أن هذا الشعور‬ ‫وأما بالنسبة ألشخاص‬ ‫اإليجابي ال يدوم طويالً‪ ،‬وهو‬ ‫الذين ما زالوا يفضلون عدم‬ ‫مصحوب بالعديد من املضاعفات‬ ‫تناول أي وجبة قبل االمتحان‬ ‫اخلطيرة التي قد تظهر في‬ ‫فأنصحهم بأن يشربوا عصير‬ ‫البرتقال‪ .‬وذللك استنادا ً إلى‬ ‫دراسة أسترالية حديثة أكدت‬ ‫على أهمية تناول كوب من‬ ‫عصير البرتقال يوميا ً وذلك‬ ‫أل ‏ن البرتقال يحتوي على املاء‬ ‫والسكر والفيتامينات واألمالح‬ ‫التي تساعد على زيادة النشاط‬ ‫واحليوية كما وتساعد في‬ ‫تخفيف التوتر والضغط‬ ‫العصبي املصاحب لالمتحانات‪.‬‬ ‫ومن األخطاء الشائعة‬ ‫التي يقوم بها العديد من الطالب‬ ‫هي تناول عدة أكوابا ً من القهوة‬

‫االمتحان‪ .‬وبعض هذه املضاعفات‬ ‫هي‪ :‬انخفاض في درجة الدقة‬ ‫والتركيز والشعور باإلحباط‬ ‫واالكتئاب مبجرد انخفاض‬ ‫مستوى مادة الكافيني‪ ،‬والشعور‬ ‫بالدوخة والصداع‪ ،‬وزيادة معدل‬ ‫ضربات القلب‪ .... ،‬لذلك ال يجب‬ ‫اإلفراط من شرب املواد املنبهة‬ ‫خالل يوم االمتحان لتجنب هذه‬ ‫املضاعفات‪.‬‬


‫آراء حرة ‪18 .‬‬ ‫‪26‬ترشين األ ّول‪2012 ،‬‬

‫‪ 14‬تشرين الثاني‪2012 ،‬‬

‫فل�سطني بني �سندان العربية و مطرقة العربية (‪)1‬‬ ‫هيا األتاسي‬

‫مراسلة صحافية‬ ‫‪ 9‬كانون األول ‪..1917‬‬ ‫ ‬

‫أدموند أللنبي في القدس‪..‬‬ ‫دخل قائد القوات البريطانية‪،‬‬ ‫اجلنرال أدموند أللنبي‪ ،‬مدينة‬ ‫القدس و أدخل معه قضية‬ ‫فلسطني إلى كتب ال ّتاريخ و‬ ‫قلوب العالم و‬ ‫صفحاتِه‪ ،‬إلى‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ت‬ ‫أجندا‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أيض‬ ‫لكن‬ ‫أفئدته‪ ،‬و‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ال ّدول و مخططاتها‪..‬‬ ‫لقد علمنا منذ نعومة أظافرنا‬ ‫أ ّن لنا أرضا ً مغتصبة اسمها‬ ‫فلسطني‪ ..‬ترعرعنا على أنغام و‬ ‫كتابات محمود درويش و غيره ‪..‬‬ ‫لدروس‬ ‫ففلسطني هي األم و األب‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫الصمودِ و ال ّتضحية و البطوالت‪.‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫لم يبدأ احتالل فلسطني‬ ‫باستيطان يهود ّي‪ ،‬بل بدأ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫بريطاني حيث أتت ال ّدول‬ ‫بانتداب‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫االستعماريّة بعد احلرب العاملية‬ ‫الشام فيما‬ ‫قسمت بالد‬ ‫األولى و ّ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫بينها‪ .‬فكانتا سوريا و لبنان من‬

‫من ذلك أن ّها ليست القضية‬ ‫هي السائدة‪ .‬و نذكر منهم‬ ‫قضية‬ ‫الفلسطينية‪ .‬بل كانت‬ ‫نصيبِ فرنسا‪ ،‬و األردن و العراق‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫التي تذرّع بها احلكّام العرب‬ ‫جمال عبد الناصر و عبد الكرمي‬ ‫أرض مغتصبة تعاطف معها و‬ ‫و فلسطني من نصيبِ بريطانيا‪.‬‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫لإلبقاء على أنظمتهم الفاشية‬ ‫آمن بها العديد من الشعوب في قاسم و عبد السالم العارف‪.....‬‬ ‫البريطاني على‬ ‫كان االنتداب‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أرض فلسطني متهيدا ً‬ ‫و الديكتاتوريّة‪ .‬و يقول جمال‬ ‫خسر العرب و‬ ‫ت العالم‪ ،‬أفريقيا و أوروبا و‬ ‫لقدوم‬ ‫قارا ِ‬ ‫و جاءت احلرب‪ ،‬و ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اإلسرائيليني الذين آسيا‪ .‬املرحلة الثانية كانت ما بني ضعفت صورة احلكّام العرب أمام عبد النّاصر في هذا السياق‪“ :‬ال‬ ‫املستوطنيني‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ت املعركة”‪.‬‬ ‫كان عددهم يزداد أكثر فأكثر مع ‪ ،1967-1973‬أي منذ النكسة و‬ ‫شعوبهم التي كانت ترى فيهم صوت يعلو على صو ِ‬ ‫معنى بأن ّه‬ ‫ض املغتصبة‪ ،‬و في هذا العبارة‬ ‫تسهيل قدومهم و استيطانهم‪ .‬حتى حرب أكتوبر و التي شنّتها قادة سيحرّرون األر َ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ال وقت لإلصالحات و احلريّة و‬ ‫ولك ّن القدر لم يشأ ذلك‪..‬‬ ‫كل من مصر و سوريا على‬ ‫أرض‬ ‫عندما بدأ ِ‬ ‫ت املقاومة على ِ‬ ‫ص‬ ‫بعد خسارة حرب الـ‪ ،67‬فقد‬ ‫االحتالل اإلسرائيلي‪ .‬تُعتبر هذه‬ ‫فعل على‬ ‫التع ّددية‪ ،‬فأمامنا عدو ّ علينا ر ّ‬ ‫فلسطني‪ ،‬جاءت كردّ ٍ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫صفوفنا ملواجهته‪ .‬لم يكن عبد‬ ‫مصداقيتهم‬ ‫احلكام‬ ‫هؤالء‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أحداث‬ ‫أكثرها‬ ‫و‬ ‫املراحل‬ ‫أهم‬ ‫من‬ ‫يكن‬ ‫البريطاني‪ ،‬ولم‬ ‫االنتداب‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الناصر وحده كذلك‪ ،‬بل جميع‬ ‫شعبيتهم‪ .‬و بدأت اجلهود‬ ‫و‬ ‫“‬ ‫تسميته‬ ‫ميكن‬ ‫ما‬ ‫قامت‬ ‫ففيها‬ ‫صهيوني‬ ‫بكيان‬ ‫عرف‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ما‬ ‫آنذاك ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫احلكّام العرب دون أي استثناء‪ ..‬و‬ ‫تشكيل مقاوم ٍة‬ ‫معت ٍد‪ .‬كان قائد فصائل املقاومة ثورة التيجان على العميان”‪ .‬حيث ت ّتجه نحو‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫فلسطينية مستقلّة‪ .‬فقد كانت املضحك املبكي في املوضوع أ ّن‬ ‫تتالت االنقالبات العسكريّة في‬ ‫القسام‪ ،‬و كان نضاله‬ ‫عز الدين‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫األرض‬ ‫حركات املقاومة الفلسطينية‬ ‫العديد من دول املنطقة‪ ،‬منها‬ ‫أرض‬ ‫الشعوب لم تنل ال حترير ِ‬ ‫عبارةً عن ال ّدفاع عن ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫العقول‪ .‬فكُتب عليها‬ ‫و ال حترير‬ ‫سوريا و العراق و مصر‪ .‬و في هذه تابعة للجيوش العربية و لم‬ ‫تو‬ ‫فلسطني‪ ،‬مهد احلضارا ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫فلسطينيا ً‬ ‫األديان‪ .‬كان نضاال ً‬ ‫تتحمل و تتعايش مع أنظمة‬ ‫أن‬ ‫تكن مستقلة بذاتها‪ .‬و هذا ما‬ ‫االنقالبات و التي جاءت بصورة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫راديكالية و عنفا ً مع‬ ‫ازدادت‬ ‫ُس ّمي بـ”حركة فتح”‪ .‬كانت‬ ‫“ثورة”‪ ،‬قام منفذوها أو القائمون‬ ‫بخالف ما هو عليه اآلن‪.‬‬ ‫بحتاً‪،‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫استمرار خطابات حتري ِر األرض‬ ‫مهمة للفت النّظر‬ ‫إيديوجلياتهم‬ ‫بفرض‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫باختصارٍ شديد‪ ،‬ميكن تلخيص‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫هذه خطوة ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫احملتلّة و التي ال يذكر الشعب‬ ‫الفلسطينية هي‬ ‫القضية‬ ‫بأ ّن‬ ‫بغض‬ ‫الفلسطينية في اخلاصة على شعوبهم‪،‬‬ ‫القضية‬ ‫نضال‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ب أرضه مغتصبة‪ ،‬و منها سوى النّكسة و النّكبة‪.‬‬ ‫شع‬ ‫ة‬ ‫قضي‬ ‫بها‬ ‫الشعب‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ر‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫عم‬ ‫ظر‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫‪1948‬‬‫بني‬ ‫ما‬ ‫مرحلة‬ ‫مراحل‪.‬‬ ‫ثالث‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫قضية اخلطابات و احملافل‪،‬‬ ‫ليست‬ ‫القومية‬ ‫إيديوجلية‬ ‫‪ 1967‬و التي كانت ما بني النكبة أم ال‪ ،‬فكانت‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫و لك ّن القصة لم تنته بعد‪ ،‬يتبع‬ ‫قضية املتاجرة‪ ،‬ليست‬ ‫ليست‬ ‫الصراع الدائم و‬ ‫و النكسة‪ .‬و لم يكن آنذاك‬ ‫العربية و ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫في العددِ القادم‪..‬‬ ‫قضية تثبيت احلكم‪ ،‬و األهم‬ ‫املستمر مع االحتالل الصهيوني‬ ‫للقضية‬ ‫معينة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أيديولوجية ّ‬ ‫ّ‬

‫ر�سالة �إىل هيئة التحرير‪:‬‬ ‫مؤيد البني‬ ‫مبتدعة ومناقضةللفكرة‬ ‫اجلريدة‪،‬حول النص‪ ،‬وقد اختلفت‬ ‫وردت]‬ ‫[هكذا‬ ‫األصلية‪«:‬ينصج‬ ‫ووضحت لها‬ ‫نقاط‪،‬‬ ‫عدة‬ ‫في‬ ‫معي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫إلى هيئة حترير جريدة‬ ‫ ‬ ‫الصدد قراءة كتاب‬ ‫وجهة نظري ومصادري‪ ،‬لكنها‬ ‫في هذا ّ‬ ‫آوتلوك في اجلامعة األميركية في الباحث جان دايه “محمد املاغوط طمأنتني أن تعديال ً لن يطرأ على‬ ‫بيروت‪:‬‬ ‫وصوبيا احلزب القومي”»‪.‬التعديل املقال حني يُنشر‪ .‬لكن لألسف‬ ‫كنت قد أرسلت إليكم مقاال ً‬ ‫روّج باسمي لكاتب لم أسمع‬ ‫مت ّ التعديل بحذف أجزاء وإضافة‬ ‫أحتدث فيه عن الشاعر السوري‬ ‫به من قبل‪ ،‬فضال ً عن أنه زوّر‬ ‫أجزاء دون أي استشارة منّي‪-‬‬ ‫محمد املاغوط وأعماله وآرائه‪،‬‬ ‫كالمي‪ ،‬ورمبا كالم املاغوط‪ .‬بعد‬ ‫مع التذكير بأن املقال لي وأنه‬ ‫بعنوان (“سأخون وطني” –‬ ‫بحث بسيط‪ ،‬وجدت أن الكتاب‬ ‫سينشر باسمي‪.‬‬ ‫الشاعر السوري محمد املاغوط)‪ ،‬محاولة للردّ على اقتباس املاغوط ما أعلمه أن التحرير يتدخل‬ ‫وقد مت ّ نشره في العدد السابع‬ ‫الالذع‪ ،‬من كاتب ينتمي إلى احلزب في اللغة والتنسيق واخلطوط‬ ‫(‪ 8‬تشرين الثاني ‪ )2012‬ولكن‬ ‫املذكور‪.‬‬ ‫العامة‪ ،‬فما الّذي يعطي محرّر‬ ‫ً‬ ‫بشكل محرّف‪.‬‬ ‫أضيف أيضا تغيير كلمة “الوطن اآلوتلوك احلق بتحريف ما أردت‬ ‫باإلضافة لبعض األخطاء‬ ‫العربي” إلى “العالم العربي” في التصريح عنه من أفكاري وآرائي؟‬ ‫التحريرية والتخطيئات اللغوية‪ ،‬مقدمة املقال‪ ،‬وما يظهره من‬ ‫ألم يكن باإلمكان عدم نشر‬ ‫وجدت مقطعا ً كامال ً في مقالي أيديولوجيا ترفض حتى فكرة‬ ‫املقال أساسا ً دون اإلهانة التي‬ ‫ُحرّف بشكل ال يقضي على‬ ‫كتاب أحت ّدث عنه‪ ،‬فقد مت حذف‬ ‫تعرضت لها؟ هذه ليست أول مرة‬ ‫فكرته وحسب‪ ،‬ولكن يلصق‬ ‫عبار ٍة ارتأى من حذَفَها أنها ال‬ ‫يتدخل فيها احملرّر في آراء كتاب‬ ‫تشوه املوضوع‪ ،‬عدا أ ّن‬ ‫فكرة‬ ‫تهم املقال وال الفكرة التي كنت اجلريدة ويفرض سلطته عليهم‪.‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫التحريف‬ ‫ميت لكتاب “سأخون أريد‪ -‬أنا كاتب املقال‪ -‬إيصالها‪.‬‬ ‫أرجو تفهمي والتصرف بخصوص‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وطني” الذي أحتدث عنه بأية‬ ‫كما ُحذفت وعُ ّدلت عبارات‬ ‫هذه التصرفات التي ال متثل‬ ‫صلة‪.‬‬ ‫ومفردات من شأنها أن تخفّ ف‬ ‫اجلريدة وال اجلامعة‪.‬‬ ‫املقطع يتحدث عن انتماء‬ ‫قصدت‬ ‫النبرة املتمرّدة التي‬ ‫مع متنياتي بغد أفضل جلريدتنا‪،‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫املاغوط للحزب السوري‬ ‫إظهارها في استعراضي لكتاب جريدتنا جميعاً‪.‬‬ ‫القومي االجتماعي‪ ،‬ويقتبس‬ ‫املاغوط‪.‬‬ ‫نكتته الشهيرة املذكورة في‬ ‫قبل يومني من نشر العدد‪،‬‬ ‫كتف فقط بحذف‬ ‫تناقشت مع مدى الدبس‪،‬‬ ‫الكتاب‪.‬لم ي ُ َ‬ ‫االقتباس‪ ،‬بل مت تبديله بعبارة‬ ‫مديرة حترير القسم العربي من‬

‫رد املحرر‪:‬‬ ‫مدى ال ّدبس‬ ‫ ‬ ‫نعم‪ ،‬إن للمحرر احلق‬ ‫في إجراء ما يراه تصويبا ً لغوياً‪.‬‬ ‫تعديل‬ ‫كما أن له احلق في‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫محدود للصياغة إذا رأى في ذلك‬ ‫احتراما ً ملدارك القراء‪ .‬وهذا ما‬ ‫جرى بالنسبة لالدعاء أن املاغوط‬ ‫حزب بسبب وجود‬ ‫انتمى إلى ٍ‬ ‫فحذ ُْف هذه‬ ‫مكتبه‪،‬‬ ‫مدفأة في‬ ‫َ‬ ‫العبارة يحفظ كرامة شاعر‬ ‫بحجم املاغوط في ذهن القارئ‬ ‫إذ ال ميكن ملثقف يحترم نفسه‬ ‫وشعبه وقضيته أن ينتمي إلى‬ ‫حزب بسبب املدفأة و أن ينأى عن‬ ‫حزب آخر بسبب افتقاره لها‪.‬‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫أما اإلشارة السريعة إلى كتاب‬ ‫الباحث املؤرخ جان دايه فترمي‬ ‫إلى تبصير القارئ علميا ً مبصدرٍ‬ ‫موث ّق عن املوضوع في حال أراد‬ ‫َ‬ ‫الرجوع إليه‪ .‬وال ينتقص من‬ ‫قيمة صاحب املصدر أن كاتب‬ ‫املقال لم يسمع به مع أنه كاتب‬ ‫معروف منذ أربعني سنة وله ما‬ ‫يربو على الثالثني كتابا ً في سوق‬ ‫النشر‪.‬‬

‫نحن في هيئة التحرير نتفهم‬ ‫نصه‬ ‫متاما ً أن الكاتب يفضل نشر ّ‬ ‫كما هو دون تعديل‪ .‬لكن ليس‬ ‫“الطمأنة”‬ ‫من حقه أن يدعي ّ‬ ‫املسبقة بأن املقال لن يع ّدل‬ ‫خصوصا ً عندما يكون هذا اإلدعاء‬ ‫غير صحيح على اإلطالق‪ .‬وعندما‬ ‫مضمون‬ ‫يحصل تعديلٌ ما على‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ما فليس ذلك بسبب سلطة‬ ‫مفروض ٍة بل بسبب صالحية احملرر‬ ‫وحقه ليس إال‪.‬‬


‫جامعية‬ ‫‪ . 19‬نشاطات‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫‪26‬ترشين األ ّول‪2012 ،‬‬

‫�سامي مكارم‪ :‬ظهرية يف غ�سق!‬

‫‪ 14‬تشرين الثاني‪2012 ،‬‬

‫ممارسة “املواطنة”‬

‫اجلمهورية‪ ،‬لكن هذا األمر لم‬ ‫فرح البعيني‬ ‫و لو عرف أنه مات قبل “ سيموت” تربط د‪.‬نعيمة والراحل عالقة‬ ‫فريال فقيه‬ ‫يطرح‬ ‫الكالم‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫يتحقق!‬ ‫خير‬ ‫أسامة‬ ‫حوار‪:‬‬ ‫و‬ ‫صدر‬ ‫برحابة‬ ‫بذلك‬ ‫لرضي‬ ‫فالدكتور‬ ‫متينة‪،‬‬ ‫صداقة‬ ‫و‬ ‫مودة‬ ‫مراسلة صحافية‬ ‫السؤال عن تكرمي املبدعني في‬ ‫بابتسامة ‪ .‬هذا الكالم املؤثر‬ ‫سامي يتمتع بروح النكتة و‬ ‫شهدت اجلامعة‬ ‫ ‬ ‫و‬ ‫عليهم‬ ‫الضوء‬ ‫تسليط‬ ‫و‬ ‫بالدي‬ ‫ ‬ ‫مكارم‬ ‫أخرج من رواق “نايسلي” يذكرك بليونة و سالسة د‪.‬‬ ‫اخلاصة‪.‬‬ ‫مجالسه‬ ‫في‬ ‫الدعابة‬ ‫األمريكية األمس‪ ،‬نهارا ً انتخابيَّا ً‬ ‫الذي ع ّتقه تاريخ من مر ّ عليه‪.‬‬ ‫حتى لو بعد موتهم على األقل‬ ‫مع تالميذه‪ .‬فبيكار محبته لهم يطرق د‪ .‬نعيمة التفكير و‬ ‫حافالً‪ .‬فمنذ الصباح الباكر‪،‬‬ ‫تقديرا ً ملساهمتهم في بناء‬ ‫أسترجع صورته واقفا ً يح ّدث‬ ‫غيبت‬ ‫احملبة‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫أن‬ ‫حتى‬ ‫واسع‬ ‫يسترجع ذكرياته معه يضحك‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫لوحظ وجود اجليش اللبناني في‬ ‫مداميك هذا الوطن!!‬ ‫زميله ببسمته البشوشة‪ .‬أتذكر احلواجز السلبية التي قد تتواجد ثم يردف‪ ”:‬أذكر كلمته املعروفة‬ ‫شارع بليس ألن املعركة تبدأ من‬ ‫لقد رحل الدكتور من اجلامعة‬ ‫أن موعد محاضرته قد حان‪ ،‬أهرع بني تلميذ و معلمه‪ .‬فهو كان‬ ‫متوددا “سندي” و هي اللفظة‬ ‫األميركية و رحلت معه ضحكاته بوابة “ماين”‪.‬‬ ‫إلى الصف ألجد اجلميع إال هو‪.‬‬ ‫متفهما ً ألوضاع عامة التالميذ‬ ‫التي يتوددون بها عادة ً أهل‬ ‫دخلت أرض املعركة وإذ بي‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ً‬ ‫املشجع‪ ،‬لكن‬ ‫الرنانة و كالمه‬ ‫طيف بسمته حاضر‪ ،‬هواء صوته و مدركا لواقع بعضهم اخلاص ‪.‬‬ ‫اجلبل و قد ظلّ جبليا بكل‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أتوسط املعسكرات اخملتلفة‪.‬‬ ‫خطواته ما زالت منقوشة في‬ ‫الدافئ يلوح في األرجاء إال هو لم هذا كلّه أدى إلى إزدياد شعبويته معنى اجلبلية” ‪ .‬فعلى الرغم‬ ‫كان اجلميع يتسلح باجلهوزية‬ ‫من سكناه املدينة بقي متأصال ً‬ ‫التراب لتنمو غدا ً و تتفتح معنا‬ ‫يحضر!‬ ‫بني التالميذ و تدافعهم‬ ‫اسم‬ ‫مكارم‬ ‫سامي‬ ‫الدكتور‬ ‫إنه‬ ‫الصاعدة‪...‬دكتور‬ ‫األجيال‬ ‫نحن‬ ‫التي‬ ‫املساقات‬ ‫في‬ ‫للتسجيل‬ ‫بقيت‬ ‫التي‬ ‫اجلبلية‪،‬‬ ‫جذوره‬ ‫في‬ ‫واالنضباط‪...‬وباللوائح قبل بدء‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫سامي لقد كنت‪“ :‬ظهيرةً في‬ ‫طبع في ذاكرة اجلامعة األميركية يعطيها ‪ .‬وذلك قد يعود كذلك‬ ‫تنبض في داخله حتى آخر رمق‬ ‫االقتتال الساعة العاشرة‪ .‬لهذه‬ ‫إلى كونه عايش ما يعلّمه فمثال ً من حياته‪ .‬و داللة على ذلك أن د‪ .‬غسقنا”‬ ‫في بيروت‪ ،‬وساهم بصنع جزء‬ ‫احلرب أهداف وليس هدف واحد‪:‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ً‬ ‫العريقة‬ ‫من تاريخ هذه الذاكرة‬ ‫مميزة‬ ‫تعد‬ ‫الصوفية‬ ‫ملادة‬ ‫تدريسه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫مرموق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫مركز‬ ‫يشغل‬ ‫كان‬ ‫مكارم‬ ‫كل طالب هدف و”التقنيص” على‬ ‫كونه على ح ّد قول الدكتور ندمي بني أبناء مجتمعه و يلعب دورا ً‬ ‫‪.‬هو أستاذ التصوف اإلسالمي‬ ‫أصواتهم!‬ ‫الذي قلما وجد مثيل له و هو‬ ‫نعيمة ‪”:‬أنه خرج من التحديدات مهما ً في امناء هذا اجملمتع من‬ ‫عندما كان االقتتال في أو ِّجه‪،‬‬ ‫أستاذ العلوم القرآنية و مدرس‬ ‫التقليدية لفكرة‬ ‫التصوف ودخل خالل كتبه و محاضراته التي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫التقيت بصديق‪ ،‬وبدل أن أصبحه‬ ‫لعدة مساقات أخرى‪ ،‬باختصار‬ ‫لب التصوف و قد‬ ‫في‬ ‫ذاته‬ ‫هو‬ ‫حاكت املفاهيم اإلنسانية في‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫باخلير‪ ،‬كان ال بد من االطمئنان‬ ‫هو حاوي للعلوم العربية من كل انعكس ذلك في بعض ما له من اجملتمعات‪ .‬يوم مأمته جتلّت هذه‬ ‫على “صوته”‪ .‬فسألته‪”:‬مارست‬ ‫جوانبها‪.‬‬ ‫شعر وفي بعض ما كتبه في هذا املكانة التي يكنّها من حوله له‪،‬‬ ‫مواطنيتك؟”‪ .‬كان الرد‪”:‬هون‬ ‫في دائرة االغة العربية يبتسم‬ ‫املوضوع” و يضيف د‪.‬نعيمة ‪”:‬أنه فأغلقت السيارات شوارع عيتات‬ ‫مش قصة مواطنيه”‪ .‬جواب ال‬ ‫اجلميع عند ذكر اسمه‪ ،‬ثم‬ ‫ال يكتب عن التصوف كنظرية‬ ‫مما جعل هذا النهار غير عادي‬ ‫ً‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫معه‬ ‫يستعيدون ذكرياتهم‬ ‫في‬ ‫ا‬ ‫جلي‬ ‫ه‬ ‫يحس‬ ‫شيء‬ ‫عن‬ ‫بل‬ ‫عادي!‬ ‫غير‬ ‫لشخص‬ ‫هو بهجوم وال هو بدفاع‪ .‬هو‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫تقول إحدى املوظفات في الدائرة‪ ،‬أعماقه و لعل تالمذته في دروس حكي كثيرا ً في األروقة املغلقة‬ ‫رمبا “صوت احلق”في معركة‬ ‫و التي رفضت اإلفصاح عن‬ ‫التصوف يعلمون ذلك أكثر من‬ ‫عن إمكانية تقليده وسام األرز‬ ‫ننسى فيها أن للحق صوت وأن‬ ‫اسمها‪ ،‬أنه كان يعتبر املوت حق ّ غيرهم”‪.‬‬ ‫من رتبة معينة من قبل رئيس‬ ‫“األصوات” ليست أهداف وال‬ ‫ضحايا‪ .‬هي انتخابات طالبية‬ ‫في حرم اجلامعة التي نرتادها‬ ‫يوميا ً لتصبح كاملنزل الثاني‪.‬‬ ‫هي انتخابات لنختار من ميثلوننا‪،‬‬ ‫نتيجة التصنيف الطائفي‬ ‫القيم التي كانت سائدة هناك‬ ‫رنا حربي‬ ‫حنينه واشتياقه لشوارع بغداد‬ ‫فذلك قد يضمن حقنا بأن “يكون‬ ‫الصاعد في العراق‪ .‬فنراه يرثي‬ ‫وخاص ًة بني اجليران‪ .‬فيقول أنه‬ ‫مراسلة صحافية‬ ‫وخاص ًة شارع حيفا الذي تولى‬ ‫لنا حياة أفضل”‪ .‬هنا علينا أن‬ ‫سمع موسيقى شعبية وعندما بغداد مستسلما ً ‪ ...‬رافضا ً‬ ‫ ‬ ‫( من يحب بغداد اخلالدة األلوسي تصميمه واإلشراف‬ ‫ننسى انتماءاتنا “الوطنية”‪،‬أو‬ ‫خرج ليكتشف مصدرها‪ ،‬وجد أن فكرة العودة‪ ،‬خائفا ً من أن ما‬ ‫‪ ،‬يعرف أن لها وجوها ً حضارية‬ ‫عليه‪.‬‬ ‫املوسيقى الشعبية كانت داخلة سيراه سيشوه الصورة اجلميلة “السياسية” إذا صح التعبير‪.‬‬ ‫عدة ‪ ،‬فهناك الفنون واألدب‬ ‫حتدث األلوسي عن كتابه تارةً‬ ‫واالبداع في النمط املعيشي‪،‬‬ ‫وعن آرائه حيال إشكالية احلداثة إلى الشواكة وموسيقى شعبية لبغداد في ذاكرته ‪ .‬فبالرغم من لكن‪ ،‬أليست اجلامعة “وطن”؟‬ ‫خارجة من الشواكة‪ .‬واحدة نعش القسوة في حديثه نستطيع‬ ‫لتفاجئك بعبث مقلق أو حلو‪،‬‬ ‫والتراث في فن العمارة طوراً‪،‬‬ ‫فالوطن يحضن أبناءه ويرعاهم‬ ‫مينعه‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫بالضعف‬ ‫نشعر‬ ‫أن‬ ‫عرس‪.‬‬ ‫زواج‪،‬‬ ‫والثانية‬ ‫شهيد‪،‬‬ ‫بامتياز‪،‬‬ ‫واحلال أن أهلها عابثون‬ ‫للحديث‬ ‫يعود‬ ‫ما‬ ‫سرعان‬ ‫ولكنه‬ ‫فيشعر املواطن باالنتماء‪.‬‬ ‫لكن من دون مجون أو فحش‪ ،‬لقد بقسوة وغضب عن شوارع بغداد يعتبر األلوسي أن السبب‬ ‫من مواجهة الواقع األليم والذي لذلك اجلامعة األمريكية متاما ً‬ ‫يدفعه للبقاء في بالد الغربة‪.‬‬ ‫الرئيسي للمشاكل في بغداد‬ ‫كانت هذه املدينة نواسية بامتياز اليوم‪ .‬بصوت ملي ِء باحلسرة‬ ‫كالوطن حتضننا وتساعدنا في‬ ‫اليوم هو هجرة أهالي الريف إلى هنا‪ ،‬قام أحد احلضور وهو أيضا ً‬ ‫قبل ان تغتصب وتخصى وتصاب والشوق‪ ،‬يأخذنا في رحلة‬ ‫تكوين هويتنا‪ .‬فهنا أضحك مع‬ ‫عراقي الهوية وتساءل عن‬ ‫يجوب فيها بني األزقة والشوارع املدينة‪ .‬ففي نظره إن األضرار‬ ‫باجلهل والتخلف واخلوف)‬ ‫اصدقائي‪ ،‬هنا اشرب أول قهوة‬ ‫مدى أهمية هذا الكتاب وهذا‬ ‫واملناطق فيصفها كما يتذكرها التي خلفتها هذه الهجرة‬ ‫معاذ اآللوسي ‪ -‬من كتاب‬ ‫نوتسوس حكاية شارع في بغداد صغيرا ً وكأنها في مخيلته كانت تساوي تلك التي خلفتها احلروب‪ .‬احلنني الصامت وهذه الرغبة في صباحية‪ ،‬هنا أكتسب مهاراتي‬ ‫الهندسية‪ ،‬هنا أمارس هواياتي‪،‬‬ ‫احتضان التاريخ وحفظ التراث‬ ‫فبغداد كانت لها حضارتها‬ ‫مبناسبة إطالق كتابه بعنوان‪”:‬‬ ‫بغداد مدينة األحالم واجلمال ‪.‬‬ ‫نوستوس حكاية شارع في‬ ‫ولكن تبقى بغداد تلك ذكريات‬ ‫وتراثها وتقاليدها اخلاصة التي ال إذا لم يكن األلوسي يرغب ال في هنا أختبر أول جناحاتي وأصبر‬ ‫يفهم أهميتها إال أهاليها‪ .‬فكل العودة إلى بغداد وال البحث عن‬ ‫بغداد” ‪ ،‬استضافت اجلامعة‬ ‫إذ يقول األلوسي أن بغداد اليوم‬ ‫أمام فشلي‪...‬هنا تتشكل جزء‬ ‫الضائعة؟‬ ‫البغدادية‬ ‫الهوية‬ ‫توالت‬ ‫التي‬ ‫السياسية‬ ‫األنظمة‬ ‫األميركية في بيروت‪ ،‬معاذ‬ ‫النسيج‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫وأن‬ ‫تراثها‬ ‫فقدت‬ ‫من هويتي‪ .‬فباتت اجلامعة وطنا ً‬ ‫ً‬ ‫البغدادي الذي كان موجودا ليس جتاهلت األرياف وتركتها متخلفة “املثير في األمر أن سبب الغربة‬ ‫األلوسي‪ ،‬معماري وفنان‬ ‫وباتت مواطنتي طالبةً‪.‬‬ ‫والتغرب نتج عن محاولة‬ ‫ومنسية مما دفع بأهالي الريف‬ ‫تشكيلي عراقي حاول أن يحافظ فقط على املستوى املعماري ‪،‬‬ ‫هذا ما قصدته باملواطنة‪ ،‬وإن‬ ‫التشبث باالنتماء‪ .‬هنا يصبح‬ ‫للهجرة حاملني معهم تقاليد‬ ‫على احلضارة العراقية والتاريخ‬ ‫بل أيضا ً في النفوس والقلوب‬ ‫كانت هذه املواطنة في “وطننا‬ ‫الوطن ذكرى وانتما ًء وليس‬ ‫وأفكار وطرق عيش تختلف كل‬ ‫والتراث العراقي من خالل أعماله قد تالشى وحل مكانه نسيج‬ ‫املصغر”‪.‬‬ ‫اإلختالف عن احلضارة البغدادية‪ .‬بقعة جغرافية‪ ،‬وطن يتسرب‬ ‫التي وصلت للعاملية‪“ .‬نوستوس” مدمر‪ .‬فيروي لنا حادثة حصلت‬ ‫من تالفيف الذاكرة عساه أن ال‬ ‫معه في منطقة الشواكة وهي لعل أكثر املواضيع املوجعة‬ ‫كلمة يونانية تعني احلنني وقد‬ ‫يحتضر”‬ ‫واملؤملة لدى األلوسي اليوم‬ ‫اختارها األلوسي كالكلمة األولى منطقة تراثية أصيلة في بغداد‬ ‫ معاذ اآللوسي‬‫جعلته يرى التغيرات اجلذرية في هي التقسيمات املناطقية‬ ‫في عنوان كتابه ألنها تعبر عن‬

‫" نوت�سو�س حكاية �شارع يف بغداد"‬


‫إصدار ‪ ،45‬عدد ‪8‬‬ ‫‪ 14‬تشرين الثاني‪2012 ،‬‬

‫أوتــــــــــــلوك‬ ‫املنشــــــــــورة الطالبيــــــــة‬ ‫املســـــــتقلة منذ عام ‪1949‬‬

‫‪26‬ترشين األ ّول‪2012 ،‬‬

‫إنتخابات األمريكية ‪ :‬منوذج في الدميقراطية‬ ‫هيا األتاسي و نور الشربجي‬ ‫سيطر األصفر و األحمر و‬ ‫ ‬ ‫ما يرمزان إليه من حتالفات سياسية‬ ‫تتميز به‬ ‫لبنانية على التنوع الذي ّ‬ ‫اجلامعة األمريكية في بيروت في‬ ‫الصاخب‪.‬‬ ‫هذا النهار االنتخابي ّ‬ ‫فيما صارعت األلوان املستقلة أو‬ ‫املتدعية لالستقاللية بخجل‪ ،‬فأثبت‬ ‫هذا اليوم الطويل أن االنقسامات‬ ‫اللبنانية متجذرة حتى في طالب‬ ‫اجلامعة األهم في الشرق األوسط و‬ ‫التي يُفترض من طالبها أن يتمتعوا‬ ‫بالوعي و النضج و الثقافة أو أن‬ ‫يبعثوا أمال بالتغيير‪ .‬ع ّبر املهندسون‬ ‫عن املنافسة احلادة في كليتهم‬ ‫بنسبة مشاركة مرتفعة ‪ ،‬ليس‬ ‫من خالل ممارسة حقهم بانتخاب‬ ‫مرشحيهم بحسب‪ ،‬بل من خالل‬ ‫التجمع املكتظ ملتابعة األحداث و‬ ‫دعم مرشحيهم بشكل متواصل‪.‬‬ ‫أما طالب الفنون و العلوم الذين‬ ‫ميثلون أكبر كلية فكان انخفاض‬ ‫نسبة املشاركة مقارنة بالسنوات‬ ‫املاضية ملحوظاً‪.‬‬ ‫هذه هي انتخابات اجلامعة‬ ‫األميركية في بيروت‪ ،‬أو على األقل‬ ‫ميكن القول بأ ّن هذا من أهم ما‬ ‫مييزها‪ .‬االنتخابات في جامعات لبنان‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫عامة واجلامعة األميركية خاصة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫لها طابع خاص تختلف فيه عن‬ ‫كل ما ميكن أن يقال عنه انتخابات‬ ‫جامعية طالبية‪ .‬فاالنتخابات هنا‬ ‫تنافسيا ً‬ ‫منحى طالبيا ً‬ ‫ال تأخذ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫وحسب‪ ،‬بل هي وبكل ما تعنيه‬ ‫سياسية بحتة‪ .‬البعض‬ ‫الكلمة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ميزة البعض اآلخر يرا ُه‬ ‫يعتبر ذلك ّ‬ ‫عيباً‪.‬‬ ‫أمام مبنى ويست هول روّجت‬ ‫احلمالت االنتخابية لنفسها‬ ‫وملرشحيها وحاولت استقطاب‬ ‫املصوتني ال ّداعمني‬ ‫أكبر عدد من‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫عن طريق عرض اجنازاتها في العام‬ ‫املاضي و تطلّعاتها لهذا العام‪.‬‬ ‫للوهلة األولى‪ ،‬تبدو هذه احلمالت‬ ‫وكأن ّها كغيرها من احلمالت‬ ‫الطالبية في أ ّي جامعة‪ .‬ولكن‪،‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫التعمق أكثر ال ّتمعن نلحظ‬ ‫مع‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مييزها عن مثيالتها‪ ،‬أال‬ ‫شيئا ً ما ّ‬ ‫وهو السياسة‪ .‬لسنا بصددِ مدح أو‬ ‫شخصي‬ ‫رأي‬ ‫ذ ّم هذا الواقع‪ ،‬فهذا ٌ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يختلف من فردٍ إلى آخر‪ ،‬و سنرى‬

‫تباين اآلراء الحقاً‪ .‬فقد وجدنا‬ ‫وايديولوجية‪،‬‬ ‫سياسية‬ ‫حتالفات‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫كلّ‬ ‫عام و البعض‬ ‫بعضها يتكرّر‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫اآلخر يختلف‪.‬‬

‫أو حزب سياسي وهم غالبا ً ما‬ ‫يكونون من مختلف اجلنسيات‬ ‫وللحديث عن هذا الوضع عامة‬ ‫واالنتخابات خاصةً‪ ،‬أُجريت مقابالت‬

‫للتصويت لهم من خالل عرض‬ ‫اجنازات حملتهم العام املاضي‬ ‫وعرض خططها للعام املقبل في‬ ‫حال ربحت‪.‬‬

‫‪Photo Credit: Alex Potter‬‬ ‫لرسم صور ٍة واضحة وصريحة‬ ‫ع ّدة‬ ‫و من أجل ال ّتحري وفهم حيثيات‬ ‫أما بيرنارد دويهي‪ ،‬مسؤول‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مع‬ ‫نبدأ‬ ‫االنتخابات‪.‬‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫واقع‬ ‫عن‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫املوضوع وتفاصيله‪ ،‬حتدثنا مع‬ ‫احلر‬ ‫الوطني‬ ‫التيار‬ ‫في‬ ‫االنتخابات‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫رئيس النادي العلماني في اجلامعة‬ ‫ممثلي هذه التحالفات‪ .‬ولكن قبل‬ ‫(‪ 8‬آذار)‪ ،‬فرأى أن ّه طاملا العملية‬ ‫قيسي‪،‬‬ ‫عصام‬ ‫بيروت‪،‬‬ ‫في‬ ‫األميركية‬ ‫ذلك سنعطي حملة مصغّرة عن‬ ‫دميقراطية ونزيهة‪ ،‬فال‬ ‫ة‬ ‫االنتخابي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الذي رفض رفضا ً قاطعا ً تسييس‬ ‫االنتخابية‬ ‫التحالفات في احلمالت‬ ‫مانع من وجودِ حتالفا ٍت وتسييس‪.‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫هذا العام‪ .‬مع اإلشارة إلى أ ّن بعض االنتخابات في اجلامعة وأكّد على‬ ‫ورأى أ ّن هيمنة السياسة في‬ ‫أ ّن حملتهم في هذه االنتخابات‬ ‫األسماء الواردة في اللوائح قد ال‬ ‫االنتخابات حتفّ ز الطالب وتخلق‬ ‫ً‬ ‫تكون محزّبة أو منتمية إلى أ ّي‬ ‫اإليجابية بينهم‬ ‫تتبنّى مشروع ‪ AUB‬دون أ ّي خالفا ٍت جوا من املنافسة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫سياسي‬ ‫بشكل مباشر‪.‬‬ ‫حتالف‬ ‫خارجية‪ .‬كما أكّد قيسي للعمل أكثر من أجل إيصال‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫‪ Students At Work‬والذي أن ّه ال مانع من تكوين آرا ٍء‬ ‫• ‬ ‫سياسية صوتهم‪ .‬كما قال أن ّه من الطبيعي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫والتعاطي بالسياسة ولكن بعيدا‬ ‫ميثل حتالفات فريق ‪ 14‬آذار (تيار‬ ‫السياسية في‬ ‫أن تؤثر التحالفات‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الطالبية‪.‬‬ ‫والشؤون‬ ‫االنتخابات‬ ‫عن‬ ‫اللبنانية‪،‬‬ ‫املستقبل‪ ،‬حزب القوات‬ ‫اخلارج على طالب اجلامعة‪ .‬وح ّتى في‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الكتائب‪ ،‬األحرار)‬ ‫سياسية‪ ،‬فهذا‬ ‫فانتخابات اجلامعة ليست “مشروعا ً ظلّ وجودِ حتالفات‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫كلّ‬ ‫قيسي‬ ‫وأضاف‬ ‫ة”‪.‬‬ ‫اللبناني‬ ‫للدولة‬ ‫‪Order‬‬ ‫‪of‬‬ ‫|‪Engineers‬‬ ‫• ‬ ‫عام بجه ٍد أكبر‬ ‫العمل‬ ‫يوقف‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫بأن ّهم يدعمون املستقلّني‪ ،‬وأكّد‬ ‫‪A United Ballot| The Freshman‬‬ ‫على الـ ‪ platform‬من أجل تعزيز روح‬ ‫‪ Voice ، 3‬حمالت متثل حتالفات ‪8‬‬ ‫على عالقة النادي العلماني بالنوادي العمل واملنافسة‪ ،‬كما أكّد وش ّدد‬ ‫الثقافية في اجلامعة‪ ،‬كالنادي‬ ‫آذار (حزب اهلل‪ ،‬حركة أمل‪ ،‬التيار‬ ‫على أ ّن التحزّب السياسي وحده ال‬ ‫الوطني احلرّ‪ ،‬احلزب السوري القومي الثقافي الفلسطيني وغيره‪،‬وأن ّه‬ ‫يكفي النتقاء مرشحيهم‪ ،‬بل اجلهد‬ ‫االجتماعي‪ ،‬التيار الوطني احلرّ‪ ،‬حزب ال تفريق لديهم بني الطالب على‬ ‫أساسيان‬ ‫عامالن‬ ‫هما‬ ‫النشاط‬ ‫و‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مذهبية‪ ،‬أو‬ ‫سياسية‪،‬‬ ‫أسس‬ ‫طشناق األرمني)‬ ‫عرقية‪ .‬في انتقاء مرشحيهم كلّ عام‪ .‬و‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ب آخر‪ ،‬صرّح وسام زين‬ ‫‪ Active AUBites‬وميثله‬ ‫• ‬ ‫أنهى احلوار بقوله أ ّن االنتخابات هذه‬ ‫من جان ٍ‬ ‫املتعاطفون مع التحالف االشتراكي الدين‪ ،‬مسؤول االنتخابات في حركة السنة هي األهم بسبب االنتخابات‬ ‫‪ Campus Choice‬وميثله أمل (‪ 8‬آذار)‪ ،‬بأ ّن “طالب جامعتنا‬ ‫• ‬ ‫النيابية ألن ّه سيتم استغاللها‬ ‫اللبناني”‬ ‫اجملتمع‬ ‫من‬ ‫نة‬ ‫عي‬ ‫ّلون‬ ‫ك‬ ‫يش‬ ‫اجلامعة‬ ‫في‬ ‫العلماني‬ ‫النادي‬ ‫لرسم‬ ‫كبير‬ ‫بشكل‬ ‫وتغطيتها‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫األميركية باإلضافة إلى بعض‬ ‫مبسطة عن شريحة من‬ ‫وبال ّتالي اعتبر أ ّن انتخابات اجلامعة صورة ّ‬ ‫املرشحني املستقلني لبنانيني وغير‬ ‫اللبناني وللتن ّبؤ بالرابحني‬ ‫نيابية مصغّرة‪ .‬الشارع‬ ‫هي مبثابة انتخابات ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫كما قال بأ ّن طالب جامعتنا هم‬ ‫لبنانيني‬ ‫االنتخابات النيابية‪.‬‬ ‫مصدر قوة اجملتمع املستقبلي ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ No Frontiers‬و ميثله‬ ‫• ‬ ‫وباالنتقال للفريق اآلخر‪ ،‬حت ّدثنا مع‬ ‫كما أشار إلى االنفتاح املوجود‬ ‫مستقلّون عن التحالفات‬ ‫جاد دميان‪ ،‬رئيس خلية القوات‬ ‫في اجلامعة األميركية (‪ 14‬آذار)‪،‬‬ ‫السياسية اللبنانية في اطار تك ّتل لدى احلركة وأن ّهم على استعدادٍ‬ ‫تاريخي في اجلامعة ولهم روابط‬ ‫فسر تسييس االنتخابات‬ ‫لل ّتحالف مع أي ٍ‬ ‫والذي ّ‬ ‫طرف ال يضر ّ‬ ‫ميس خطوطهم‬ ‫وال‬ ‫مبصاحلهم‬ ‫خارجية‬ ‫في اجلامعة بأ ّن القانون اللبناني ال‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫احلمراء‪ .‬وأنهى كالمه بأن ّهم‬ ‫بعض املرشحني املستقلني الذين‬ ‫يسمح للمواطنني اللبنانيني بني‬ ‫ليسوا تابعني ألي حملة أو مجموعة يسعون الستقطاب الغير محزّبني‬ ‫عمر ‪ -21 18‬بخوض االنتخابات‬

‫النيابية‪ .‬وبالتالي فإ ّن انتخابات‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫جامعية‬ ‫ثقافة‬ ‫مبثابة‬ ‫هي‬ ‫اجلامعة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وسياسية لطالب اجلامعة متكّنهم‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫من خوض هذه التجربة على أرض‬ ‫اجلامعة‪ .‬وأ ّن املعيار األساس هو‬ ‫“القانون والتالميذ والفوائد”‪ .‬وقال‬ ‫أ ّن هدفهم هو حتضير كوادر فاعلة‬ ‫في اجملتمع‪ .‬كما أشار إلى أ ّن ‪14‬‬ ‫آذار تستقطب جمهورها عبر الـ‬ ‫‪ platform‬ولذلك فهم يعتبرون أ ّن‬ ‫التقييم يكون على أساس العمل‬ ‫والـ ‪ platform‬االجنازات التي مت‬ ‫يحصلونها‬ ‫حتقيقها‪ ،‬واألصوات التي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫في النهاية ليست أصوات رفاقهم‬ ‫في األحزاب فقط‪ ،‬بل هي أصوات‬ ‫كلّ من اقتنع بعملهم وآمن بدورهم‬ ‫في اجلامعة‪ .‬و أكّد دميان أ ّن قيادة‬ ‫اخلارج ليست األساس وأن ّهم‬ ‫مستقلّون إلى ح ٍد ما في آرائهم‪.‬‬ ‫كما أشار إلى أ ّن مرشحيهم ليسوا‬ ‫بالضرورة من فريق ‪ 14‬آذار‪ ،‬بل إ ّن‬ ‫تضم طالبا ً غير‬ ‫حملتهم هذا العام‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫لبنانيينّ وغير متحزّبني‪ .‬وفي النهاية‬ ‫متنّى دميان أن متر ّ هذه االنتخابات‬ ‫دون مشاكل واختتم احلديث بعبارة‬ ‫“لندع األفضل يربح”‪.‬‬ ‫نادر زيدان‪ ،‬مسؤول تيار املستقبل‬ ‫في اجلامعة األميركية (‪ 14‬آذار)‪،‬‬ ‫يفضل لو‬ ‫من جهته قال بأن ّه كان ّ‬ ‫مسيسة إلى‬ ‫لم تكن االنتخابات‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫هذا احل ّد‪ .‬ولكنّه أشار بأ ّن تقاطع‬ ‫املصالح أحيانا ً يتطلّب استخدام‬ ‫سياسية محزّبة‪ .‬وأشار إلى‬ ‫حتالفات‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أ ّن الهدف من هذه االنتخابات هو‬ ‫نشر الفكر السياسي‪ ،‬خلق حياة‬ ‫سياسية‪ ،‬وحتسني اجلامعة‪ .‬وأكّد‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫على أ ّن الترويج لألحزاب و املدح بها‬ ‫ليس من أحد األهداف نهائياً‪ .‬وأشار‬ ‫إلى أ ّن االنتصار في هذه االنتخابات‬ ‫هو نصر ٌ لطالب اجلامعة وليس‬ ‫لفريق ‪ 14‬آذار‪.‬‬ ‫يخص النتائج‪:‬‬ ‫في ما‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫انتخابات ال ‪ USFC‬حصدت ‪8‬‬ ‫مقاعد للتحالف املدعوم من قبل‬ ‫قوى ‪ 8‬آذار ‪ 7 ،‬مقاعد للتحالف‬ ‫املدعوم من قبل قوى ‪ 14‬آذار و‬ ‫مقعدين للمستقلني‪.‬‬ ‫تفاصيل النتائج االنتخابية لل ‪SRC‬‬ ‫ترد في الصفحة الثالثة من قسم‬ ‫اللغة االنكليزية‪.‬‬

Issue 8  

Issue 8 Volume 45

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