Outlook Newspaper The American University of Beirut
Vol. XLII, No. 21 | Tuesday, April 20, 2010
| The Independent Student Publication Since 1949
Senator Bob Graham’s Account From 9/11 to Obama Maryam Hoballah Staff Write
enator Bob Graham made a visit to Lebanon this past week and, as a part of his trip overseas, he was invited to speak and hold a panel discussion by the Issam Fares Institute (IFI), the Center for American Studies and Research (CASAR), and the Political Science and Public Administration (PSPA) Department at AUB. The director of CASAR, Dr. Robert Myers, introduced the former two-term U.S. Governor of Florida. He was elected to the Senate in 1986 and has served three terms since then. Graham also cochaired the Joint Inquiry into “Intelligence Community Activities Before and After the Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001.” On Thursday, April 15, the audience was seated in Auditorium B1, College Hall at 5:00 pm. The lecture was under the heading of “From 9/11 to Obama, U.S. Relations with the Muslim World.” Graham began by introduc-
Photo From www.aub.edu.lb
ing certain members of the audience. He introduced the U.S. Ambassador to Lebanon, Michelle Sisson and his family members. His wife, Adele Khoury, sat in the au-
dience and Graham noted that they had just celebrated their 51st wedding anniversary. He, then joked, “You can tell I married her when she was a very young child.”
Khoury’s father was born in Lebanon and then moved to the U.S. This sparked the topic of the time when U.S. citizens were not able to legally visit the U.S. in 1998.
He and Ted Kennedy, whose wife was Lebanese, were amongst those who formed a U.S. Congressional Lebanese Caucus to study this issue. Speaking on his first visit to Lebanon, which was during that time period, the Senator said, “It was a sad experience. We drove in though Damascus and the Bekaa Valley… I’ve been through high levels of security … but I’ve never seen anything like this.” Covering a brief history from the 9/11 attacks up until Obama’s election in 2008, Graham analyzed the security situation and predicted what was to come in the near future. The U.S. politician accounted that 9/11 brought shock and confusion to his nation. Post9/11 was a period of national cohesion, said Graham. This did not last for long, though, as the U.S. fell into a state of alienation. The Iraq war had Continued on page 4
Seminar by Dr. Ghassan Antar: Turbulence in Fusion Systems Rami Diab Staff Write
n Thursday April 14, Dr. Ghassan Antar presented an eyeopening seminar entitled “Turbulence in Plasma Fusion,” covering the fundamentals of nuclear fusion, including how it’s done, with what purpose, as well as his up to date advancements ,current obstacles, and fu-
ture research queries. Scientists have long discovered the bewildering potency of fusion at harvesting tons of energy, electrical energy, that being the primary explanation for its recent popularity amongst physicists. Some of its advantages as you may have guessed are its potentiality to reduce world dependence on fossil fuel combustion for electricity production, consequent-
Editorial & Opinion 2-3 Letter to the Editor 9 Campus News 4-7 Entertainment 10 USFC Newsletter 8 Out of The Box 11
ly attenuating environmental pollution by this process, considering that the starting material reserves for the most feasible fission reaction, performed between a deuterium (hydrogen isotope) nuclei and a tritium (obtained from lithium) nuclei, are much more abundant in nature than fossil fuels and seem to impart low overall risk of large scale nuclear disasters provided that
NSS Child’s Day Talent Show
these fusion reactions are made to fire in carefully controlled quantities. A fusion reaction constitutes two principle conditions, optimum temperatures inducing great radial atomic velocities overcoming the repulsive forces between positively charged nuclei, thereby fusing them, as well as favorable confinement time of these two ionized atoms, (the time needed before the
B S S
BSS BSS Wears Its (Motherly) Heart on A Sleeve
Bliss Street, West Hall 208 tel: 01 350 000 ext.3193
two unstable nuclei can react and fuse). Although temperatures as hot as 15 million degrees Celsius (times as hot as the sun’s core) have been recreated by scientists and confinement times of have increased by advanced control of magnetic fields, there still remains much to be learned Continued on page 4
Annoying Students Top 10 annoying students
Editorial & Opinion Editorial Defiance
Mohamad Yahia Hamade Editor-in-Chief I have always found mythology fascinating. Maybe it’s because I’m half Greek, or just because mythology is awesome. Either way, I love it (and I love being Greek, too). Mythology describes a way of life and a world beyond the mundane material world we live in. All throughout time, people of all ages let their imaginations run wild and live among the gods in Mount Olympus. In retrospect, I found myself watching Clash of the Titans this weekend. The theater was crowded; many people, both adults and kids were waiting to watch the myth of Perseus retold. On the silver screen, a bunch of soldiers from Argos were foolishly destroying a colossal statue of Zeus while moviegoers cheered on this act of defiance. Suddenly, Hades’ demon henchmen started attacking the soldiers and killing them. The crowd now sided with Hades and someone yelled out “Shou heblen” (They’re so stupid) in reference to the slaughtered soldiers. I wonder what happened to make the audience change their minds from supporting the defiant brave men of Argos and then eschew them during the first minutes of the movie. Their actions were not so different from some prominent figures on the Lebanese political scene. As the movie progressed, so did the views of the citizens of Argos. From once defiant to fearful and submissive to the powerful Olympians they so loathed. One man refused to give up, however; the young Perseus who seemed to have gained everyone’s respect was also
admired by the spectators in Beirut. Perseus, the demigod, chose to do things the human way. He defied his father, Zeus, the king of the gods, and vowed to destroy the Olympian order to avenge his murdered family and the city of Argos. While he was off slaying gigantic scorpions and assembling an elite team to kill the threatening Kraken (that Hades sent out), the citizens of Argos were busy trying to sacrifice their princess, Agamemnon, to sooth the rage of the gods. At this point, I could clearly see the similarities between Lebanon and Argos. Both are under constant threat of stronger beings, which possess enough power to pulverize them. Both have lousy citizens that surrender and do nothing while their country (or city state) is ravaged and sent back to the Stone Age. Luckily, however, both have a few elite people that are willing to sacrifice their life to save their land against tyranny and oppression. Coincidently, the movie reached its end with Perseus killing the Kraken and sending Hades back to the underworld (with a little help from Zeus, of course). The audience erupted in cheer and celebrated the triumph of good over evil. As contemporary of Ancient Greece, the Roman philosopher Seneca once said “Shall I tell you what the real evil is? To cringe to the things that are called evils, to surrender to them our freedom, in defiance of which we ought to face any suffering.” I hope that someday the Lebanese will realize that every one of them has a Perseus in them, and all it takes is a little courage to get him out and fight off the tyrannous forces that plague our existence in many ways. Until that happens, I will keep betting on the few we have that keep a watchful eye on Lebanon.
I Couldn’t Have Said It Better Myself By now, the entire student body at AUB is familiar with the Campus Yearbook’s slogan for the graduating students’ photo shoot: “Don’t Pass Unseen.” In case you’ve missed it, I wonder where exactly you’ve been these past few weeks. While the posters are undeniably catchy, it’s the slogan that really got to me. In most cases, we come to AUB looking for the best education that can be offered in our own country, but because it’s very different than everything on the other side of Bliss Street (ie, the outer world), most of us become disillusioned. It is now a place where nothing can go wrong and where you set out to achieve everything you set your mind to doing. But this doesn’t always happen, and unfortunately, not everyone notices that. If you’re fortune enough to realize what is going on before
your graduation date, you’d see that even AUB has its fair share of imperfections. Be it registration issues, unfair grading and professors, or even deserving Honor List students not being given some sort of financial aid, we come in contact with these problems on a day to day basis. In the past two years, I’ve heard many complaining but have seen little doing action. It’s sad though. These very same people don’t even try to get their opinion across. This makes me wonder, what are the clubs, societies, and publications doing? Are they just there as a de facto part of campus life? Even for those involved in some sort of activity, we have to admit that most of the events have been focused on the social aspect, not penetrating to crucial topics that affect everyone. Real change, which we have been promised for such a long period of
time, is only taking place in small circles, so where does that leave everyone? This is not to say that the USFC have not been doing their job right- much kudos to them for defying the odds. This is to say that students of all majors, years, nationalities, and whatever else sets them apart should find something they are passionate about and contribute their skills and knowledge to that area. So whether you like to write, dance, speak in public, or anything of the like, you have to remember that real change begins with one person (Thank you President Obama). I don’t know about the seniors but it’s certainly not too late for all you juniors, sophomores, and freshmen out to there to take the yearbook team’s slogan to heart and work on being seen during all your years at AUB.
Assurance wala cash?
I woke up at three in the morning last Friday since my aunt was suffering from a panic attack and I had to take her to the nearest hospital. Once in the car, I drove as fast as I could while trying to avoid the naturally designed bumps on our streets. Finally at the emergency room, the caring nurse welcomed us installing my aunt on the famous bed, hooked to ancient machinery. I was surprised by the hygienic conditions in the room depicting anything but a microbe free environment. The doctor walked in as if nothing was happening and began his analysis on the patient. Providing all the information he needed to know about her, I was interrupted by the voice of the receptionist who was asking my aunt if she was going to pay in cash money or by insurance coverage. I did not
believe my eyes and wanted to literally scream at the guy but I handled my nerves. The man was really worried about the money as if I was going to run without paying; I will never understand this kind of behavior, this selfishness I regard as a crime. I am not blaming all hospitals in the country since some offer great hospitability but the aim here is to alert those hospitals who really need to reconsider their policies. Ladies and gentlemen, health comes before anything and I know that this discussion can plunge into details of ethics but generally speaking health care should be the right of every citizen. I would like to deviate to another issue which has really disturbed my thoughts lately; that of the elderly working class. Yes such a class exists in Lebanon while in
other developed countries old folks enjoy a monthly income from the government and the right to free medication. From those old men begging on Bliss Street to the janitors in our dormitories, we witness this process every day. Some things need to be changed around here and it is our job as the new generation, to promote awareness about such issues and perhaps one day, we could do something about it. Here I am listing the issues this country has but those problems are purely humanitarian, in other words they deal with the feelings and souls of human beings and they do not require much effort to be resolved. One by one, we can get the message across, one by one we could make a difference because after all this is our home.
Editorial & Opinion Op-Ed
Deedee El Jilani The Taxi Driver Who Made My Day
I was having a really bad Thursday. Everything was going wrong, more than usual, it was so surreal! At around 7.30 I was just thankful to be heading home. So I waited for a service at Main Gate.
Normally at this time, no service will take me home because of the traffic. However, I was lucky today. Finally something right! I got in and instead of putting on my iPod to drown out the sound of the news or Arabic music on the radio, he had on Mix FM. When a rap song came up; the thirty something year old taxi driver began to talk in his very lebanese accented english. “I never liked rap before, I hated it. Do you know when it started? 1988! I didn’t like rap because I like the music in the songs, the words didn’t matter to me. I cared about the music that relaxes my nerves.” I smiled, for once a taxi driver that is not going to complain about his life!
“My favorite type of music now, is trance. You can imagine why. It’s the music, it just flows and the words no matter what they are, they don’t matter. It takes you to a different planet if you just close your eyes and forget everything and everyone else.” This was nice, something I can relate to. But I didn’t say anything, the conversation wasn’t over yet! “Music is a big part of my life, and I’m lucky because the radio is on all day while I’m at work! But of course, family and friends are important too. I can’t do everything on my own right? I can’t build buildings on my own, I need engineers and all those other people. No one can do everything on their own, we
all need someone, I need my brothers, my father... I need people. But just remember, family and friends are important to have, but your best friend is yourself.” He seemed to have a point there. “Friends can help you if you’re doing something wrong, your family is there to guide you when you make mistakes. But I think you should just be you. Forget about their criticisms, don’t let anyone tell you what you can and cannot do! You have yourself, you have your guardian angel, you have your opinions and decisions that you make on your own.. I don’t know what you will do, but this is my advice, just be yourself.” I tipped him and left. I must
have heard that lecture many times before, but this was the first time I took it into consideration and said, you know what? I will be just me! I know what and how to behave, I will not walk around in skirts and flats, I’m the jeans, shirt and sneakers kinda girl. If you don’t like it, walk away, this is me and who I am. Deal with it.
Lojine Kamel Pick it up
Now AUB isn’t exactly a dirty campus, but then again we have a maintenance staff for that. What would happen if for just one day Sukleen didn’t exist? Beirut, and AUB for that matter, would turn into a pigsty. All because of litterers and lazy people who
just can’t take five minutes out of their extraordinarily busy lives to walk all the way over to a garbage can. Lebanon is well known for its beautiful scenery - in fact most of its income comes from tourism. So why are so many Lebanese people ruining the best national treasure that they posses? Why is it so impossibly difficult to reuse, reduce and recycle? I’ll tell you why. It’s because people just don’t care. Global warming is merely a whisper to be inflicted on future generations, pollution, an inevitable concept that’s everyone else’s problem. Second-hand smoke is a myth, and those who complain are being just plain inconsiderate to the social aura of AUB. And recycling? Well, that’s for environmental freaks. One or two plastic bottles aren’t going to
harm anything! That’s what you think. Did you know that it takes nearly 500 years for plastic to decompose? That it takes 24 trees to make only 1 ton of newspaper? That just one recycled glass bottle would save enough energy to power a computer for 25 minutes? Read people. Learn. This is our earth we’re polluting. OUR Earth. So when you throw away that glass bottle you just finished, try and remember that glass that ends up in landfills NEVER decomposes. You are only ruining our greenery and polluting our land. Then what happens? Well firstly, our landfills would overflow. Our water sources would eventually become contaminated. Natural resources would be wasted creating new plastic and alumi-
num that could have easily been generated from recycled materials. Litter would diffuse everywhere, making streets and highways trash dumps. And then? Water would become scarce, which would in turn cause massive food shortages, which would then create huge amounts of starvation and even possible wars. But wait! Just because YOU don’t recycle doesn’t mean the world will end. Right? WRONG! You are one person in a chain of people thinking along the same line – that what they do won’t matter in the long run- a fact which is completely and utterly untrue. Millions of people choose not to recycle when they are perfectly capable of doing so. Imagine what would happen if just half of those people began to. And they encouraged
their friends to, who encouraged their friends, who encouraged their friends. A chain reaction, all to promote global welfare. All for our environment. So I ask you, students of AUB, to really, seriously, listen. Don’t just throw things on the ground because you can’t find a garbage can, because in the long run, you will only be hurting yourself. Let’s treasure the beauty of Beirut and maintain it for future generations. Let’s not be those people who think recycling is a waste of time. Let’s just listen. Please.
Campus News Senator Bob Graham in AUB Continued from page 1 started off with great support but that waned as time went on. Barack Obama came into the picture as a signal of hope. His slogan, “Yes, we can,” was a promising message for the Americans, noted Graham. Graham said that Obama, as a presidential candidate, had had great exposure to diversity, had lived in the largest Muslim community (Indonesia), had Islamic roots, and was highly intelligent. Graham stated that his professor at Harvard said that Obama was the “single smartest student” he had taught at the Harvard Law School. “That made me feel pretty bad,” joked Graham. Obama entered office at a time of recession. He saw this as an opportunity to attack the very roots of the economic problems. Obama studied what went wrong in the recent past and applied new principles. On one of his first days in office, Obama started the Middle East Peace Initiative, displaying his deep commitment, according to Graham. The speaker acknowledged that George Bush was seen as Pro-Israeli and this made it complicated for the other side to see him as a neutral mediator. However, Obama entered the picture on a different foot. Graham recalled Obama’s first statement in Cairo in the Spring of 2009, when he described what Islam had contributed to the world. “He started with a new level of confidence
by the Arab World,” said Graham. The Camp David Agreement was another topic of discussion, as it is the only peace agreement signed since 1979 on the topic of Arab-Israeli Conflict, according to Graham. The Camp David Agreement was the peace agreement signed between Israel and Egypt and endorsed annual economic assistance to the two nations. Graham said that each year, the U.S. provides $20 billion of foreign aid; $3 billion goes to Israel and $2 billion goes to Egypt each year. Senator Graham, then shifted to, what he views as, global “threats.” He mentioned Hezbollah’s possible re-arming with higher level arms. Graham stated that the world is more vulnerable today than it was on September 11, 2001 and it is, “Not because we haven’t done anything but because our adversaries are running faster than we are.” With a U.S. governor comparing a Lebanese political group to an “adversary[y],” it was noticed that there was no “panel discussion” as was expected by audience members who had received the invitations by e-mail. During the Questions and Answers segment of the lecture, an American student studying at AUB asked why it is that the speaker used Hezbollah, Hamas, and Al-Qaeda interchangeably. Graham replied, “I didn’t mean to. They’re historically different … with dif-
ferent goals [and types of] support.” Graham said that, at the rate terrorist groups are advancing, “There will be a [weapon of mass destruction] (WMD) used by a terrorist group by 2013.” This prediction was made more than a year ago. It was also predicted that this WMD will most probably be a biological weapon rather than a nuclear weapon. Graham said that there is a way to prevent this from happening, though. Graham, then, pointed to other global hotspots for nuclear activity such as Pakistan and Iran. He said that Pakistan has the potential to be the largest nuclear power and stated, “Iran needs three to five years to build an atomic bomb [according to the Daily Star].” The speaker, then, brought up another factor of this “ticking clock” the world is allegedly facing. He spoke of the hierarchical organization of U.S.-dubbed-“terrorist”groups of today. Al Qaeda has this type of organization along with franchises across the world, according to Graham. Graham also stated that a concern that the U.S. faces is that the followers are not necessarily following “Big Brother” anymore in situations like that of Hezbollah, as well. “The central control is being assumed by smaller units,” said the lecturer. Closing this specific subject, Graham stated, “These factors make the question of containment central.”
Senator Graham ended his lecture with a symbolic anecdote. He witnessed the signing of the Camp David Agreement in 1979. After the signing, a dinner took place on the White House lawn. Graham and his wife sat a table with two other dinner guests. One of the men was an interpreter and the other was an Egyptian ex-military Officer. The Officer relayed the importance of this agreement, personally, seeing as he was a part of the military during the violent conflicts. As the dinner proceeded, an Israeli ex-Officer sat on the other side of Graham. The Egyptian Officer told Graham, “I never thought that I would be sitting at a table where the only thing separating me and an Israeli is a vase and a flower.” The Questions and Answers segment followed the lecture. One freelance journalist asked, “On what basis did the U.S. boycott the 2006 elections [for Hamas in Palestine]?” Graham replied that, Hamas is an organization “on our list of terrorists” and they won, so the U.S. resisted those elections. Another question that came up was concerning what the U.S. does concerning Israeli possession of nuclear power which could threaten the region. The Senator replied, “This last week, the U.S. asked Israel to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. To this day, they haven’t responded to this call.”
An English Professor at AUB, then asked, “Given the Goldstone Report, what practically can happen if Israel says, ‘We’ll keep settling and to hell with everyone else’”? Graham answered that there are statements of dissatisfaction with the way settlements are being carried out and Obama is committed to the Peace Process. Graham continued and said that the President is looking for cooperation and that the administration on both sides will feel the pressure and come to the table. The next question was why it is that the U.S. has such an exceptional relationship with a country with such major violations of International Law. The lecturer spoke briefly on the Balfour Declaration and the promise for a Jewish State in Palestine. He noted the “common values of democracy and justice” that the U.S. sees in Israel and mentioned that the killing of Jews in the past has brought on a special bond between Israel and the U.S. Dr. Myers asked how it is that the U.S. has reached a situation where 78 Senators signed a letter that says that Obama “should back off from Israel.” Graham answered that, “All of the Senators signed the letter because they were asked to do so by an organization they had confidence in.”
in plasma can lead to its escape from this confinement area ending in particle-wall collision termed “sputtering” which “sputters” or releases atoms from the Tokamak’s inner chamber wall that may lower the plasma’s temperature. Dr. Antar proceeded to explicate technical details of in-
termittency in plasma fusion and concluded saying that he, alongside his research team have, now gained a better understanding of intermittency in plasma fusion and hope to coerce in building a Lebanese Linear Plasma Device (LLPD) to further their case study on the science of fusion and its many parameters.
Seminar by Dr. Ghassan Antar Continued from page 1 in this rapidly growing field. A Tokamak, explains Dr. Antar is a torus or doughnutshaped magnetic nuclear reactor via which fusion reactions take place. As atoms are ionized into liquid plasma, they are destined to collide and recoil in unprecedented directions, and thereby minimize their chances of react-
ing with one another to which a magnetic field is applied on them in efforts to reorient their motion along a circular axis, in hopes of increasing their probability of fusing. The idea behind fusion is that its net energy yield should exceed the energy supply initially demanded to attain remarkably high temperatures
imparting these fission reactions in the first place. Otherwise, the whole process would not be practical means if energy production. There then comes the major branch of study in fusion, the problem of plasma turbulence, a subject matter that constituted the bulk matter of Dr. Antar’s seminar. Turbulence
Making History: Activists Campaign to March for Secularism Karim Badra Contributing Writer
n ‘Ain El Mrayyse, on Thursday, April 25, Lebanon will witness an unprecedented event in its history. On this day, secularists from AUB and all ends of our nation, sickened by Lebanon’s recurrent ills, will come, and march from ‘Ain El Mrayyse to Parlaiment Square at 11 am. The march, referred to as the Lebanese Laique Pride march, is a grassroots campaign with no political affiliations. Motivated by Mark Twain’s famous proverb, “They did not know it was impossible, so they did it,” the campaign believes in the separation of religion from state affairs, calling for such things as “laws respecting human rights and absolute equality between women and men” and “securing equal opportunities in employment in the public sector based on qualifications rather than religion, race or gender.” The issue of secularism brings forth many questions, especially regarding its view on religion. Kinda Hasan, a main campaigner for the march gives her input on the issue saying that “secularism is in no way opposed to religion, and is in its unique way, the most tolerant of all beliefs.” By separating religion from a citizen’s public identity, she believes “this will eliminate all prejudices, and
therefore, in a secular society, a Muslim, Christian, and a non-religious man or woman are viewed as equal in the eyes of the state.” A question that is also asked regarding this issue is “since Lebanon is not only a sectarian state, but a sectarian society, how could a secular state be compatible with a non-secular society?” This question is answered by Rashid Zaatari, a campaigner and president of the Tajamo’ El Dimocratee El ‘Elmani’s governing body. He says, “Since 1943, our system has led to nothing but conflict after conflict and turmoil after turmoil. Given this reality, it is time for the Lebanese to realize that the state-system, not sectarianism, is the best safeguard, and it is time for us to promote this”. Another very important question that is asked concerning the march is regarding its purposefulness. “What do the secularists wish to achieve in this march?” ask many. To this, Zaatari responds, “For the first time in Lebanon, there is a march for secularism. This is the first step in a long struggle that will take years to achieve its fruits. Nevertheless, the first step is just as important as the final one.” To those of you who do want change in the country you love, even if in its smallest forms, the Laique Pride campaign calls upon you to tell your mother, sister, brother, friend, and even your waiter.
أسطورة فينيقية من الزمن املعاصر،مالك جندلي عامر الص ّريع وألبومه “أصداء من أوغاريت” هو.سورية مبثابة وسام ألبويه اللذين هما مثال التربية .ً ولكل من وقف إلى جانبه ثانيا،ًالصاحلة أوال
،ًفي نهاية كل مقطوعة كان الشعور واحدا كان التساؤل بكيف أمكنه،كان الذهول فعل هذا؟ لقد أعاد الفنان مالك جندلي موفقا ً االهتمام باملوسقى الكالسيكية لشبابنا بعد تباعد لقد ذكرنا أن بإمكان العرب احتالل.ًدام طويال ،املناصب العليا للحضارة والثقافة العاملية فالفنان مالك جندلي ليس فخرا ً لسوريا وأوغاريت ليست أرضا ً سورية،فحسب إمنا هو فخ ٌر جليع الناطقني بلسان.فحسب أرض عربي ٌة فبل أن تكون ٌ وأوغاريت هي،الضاد
2010 )في مساء السادس من نيسان (أبريل أقام الفنان مالك جندلي حفالً موسيقيا ً في احتشد له جمهرةAssembly Hall الـ من الطالب اللذين كان معظمهم قد سمع عن أداءه املذهل أما بعد البدء بالعزف خلت الصالة من األصوات إال من رقص األنامل فقد أمكنه،ً لقد كان أداءأ ً آسرا.على البيانو التالعب بأحاسيس املستمعني بسهولة ، وتار ًة حلن الفرج،ً فتار ًة يعزف حزينا.واضحة لقد،أما اجلمهور فقد تبعه نغم ًة تلو األخرى أما،ً ومتفائالً حينا،ًكان جمهورا ً كئيبا ً حينا
.إلى أنغام يومنا هذا 1972 ولد مالك جندلي في أملانيا عام وكان سن الرابعة،لعائلة سورية فاضلة ،بداية مشوراه الفني احلافل باالبداعات ومن ثم املعهد،فبدأ دراسة البيانو في أملانيا . فاملعهد العلي للموسقى بدمشق،العربي 1988 بدأ مزاولة مهنة الفن في العام ومن ثم اجته إلى معهد،كعازف للبيانو الفنون لوالية كارولينا الشمالية في الواليات املتحدة األمريكية بعد تلقيه منح ًة ملتابعة .الدراسة هناك
5400 ها قد أطلت بعد غياب دام أكثر من . ها قد أقبلت أنغام بعد سبات طويل.سنة من،جاءت من أرض كانت مهدا ً للحضارات أرض تأسست فيها أعظم امبراطوريات أوغاريت التي. جاءت من أوغاريت،العالم والتي استحقت،ظهرت منها أول أبجدية ومن أصدائها برع،بشرف لقب مهد احلضارات املوسيقي الالمع مالك جندلي فكان ألبومه الذي عبر عن حضارات امتدت من احلضارة ،التي دونت أقدم تدوين موسيقي في العالم ،إلى املقامات الدمشقية واحللبية األصيلة
NSS’s talent day—‘tiny’ talent at its best
Maya Terro Staff Writer
ccording to renowned American author and poet Maya Angelou, “Every person is born with talent.” Indeed, on Saturday, March 27, talent was all over Bathish Auditorium whereby the Nursing Student Society (NSS) organized a very special event to celebrate Child’s Day under the supervision of Miss Dina Madi, NSS’s advisor. The talent show hosted five schools which were Al Manar Modern School, Al Hara International School, Beit AL Yatem Al Dourzi, Al Makased School, and Kevork Harboyan. In each participating school, students from grade 3 and 4 were asked to choose their country of preference and for it present a correspondent play or dance. On the day of the event, around 180 students showed up filled with enthusiasm and excitement. “I was amazed by how creatively they were dressed and how much work was done on their costumes and looks,” noted one of the attending parents at the event. The event started with the NSS president Eliane Irani and the NSS secretary Rayan Al-Dabbah who welcomed all the schools and
thanked them for their valued attendance. Later on, the plays started with Al Hara School representing Lebanon, Al-Manar school representing Egypt, Kevork Harboyan representing Armenia, Al-Makased School representing Africa, and finally Beit Al Yatim Al Dourzi representing the gypsies. However, the talents showcased were not exclusive to the participating children, nursing students had their share of participation in the event whereby they presented, in a song and/or a play, several health issues in a very interactive way on several topics including hygiene, safety, dental care, sleep, and nutrition. Overall, this event was indeed successful and a source of joy for everyone taking part in it—children were happy to share their talents and their parents happier to know of their children’s “hidden” talents, and happiest of all were the organizers behind this unique event in AUB. However, Dabbah noted, that ‘’The event would not have been as successful were it not for its sponsors which included UNICEF, Epi d’Or, Amer-
icana , Dunkin Doughnuts, and finally, UNICEF which provided us with booklets on children’s rights which were distributed among all our participants followed by a presentation about this very sensitive issue.’’ Finally, even though each school had worked hard to
prepare their performance and did their best; in the end, only three schools were chosen, these being: Kevork Harboyan School for their astonishing performance which led them to attain the first prize in this event, with Al-Hara school and Al-Manar School ranked as 2nd and 3rd , re-
spectively. At the end of this special day, every child left the AUB campus with joyful memories and precious information about their rights and many other learning experiences, but most importantly one could see big smiles on faces of the little ones from miles away.
The AUB Interfaith Dialog student club is now open Deedee El Jilani
The AUB Interfaith Dialog Club is a group of students who are interested in exploring their own and others’ faiths (or lack of faith).” aubdialog.wordpress.com/ Every Monday from here on out at 5.00 pm there will be a meeting about faith journeys, belief, religion and whether or not there is some form of higher power. Is there a reason why we are here? What is the meaning of life? Is our existence accidental? This club approaches all these topics and more, they are a club for people who
don’t know what to believe to see what they really believe. It is a self-actualization club that can open up our eyes and minds and really let us see what we hold inside of us as people and believers. The guests divide into groups with a member of this club to guide them through this process with simple philosophical questions. Are people really all that bad? What is good? Is lying necessarily evil all the time? If murder happened out of self-defense, is it still evil? Through discussions with these people of different backgrounds,
beliefs, life-experiences, they are able to exapand their horizons, range of thought, broaden their perspective and realize they are not the only ones who see this world as a question waiting to be answered. Through this process of discussing and learning and understanding other people’s ideas and beliefs, they can avoid prejudice and stereotypes. They can uncover the blindfold of all beliefs are wrong but your own because the core beliefs are similar in many religions and beliefs. It is the search of truth and
bringing about controversial issues such as women rights, abortion and the like to try to learn what is the reason behind this all, is there a solution? A common ground? So the plan for the rest of the semester so far is to visit each other’s places of prayer or worship. To get invitations to religious celebrations, or just observing them. They will show movies and films on themes of interfaith dialog. They will continue with why some people do community service, is it from reiligon only that we give donations, are honest, and act
kindly to others? Most importantly, it will help people how to have good interfaith dialog that will not lead to fights and serious arguments. This is interfaith dialog at its peak finally here in AUB. For more information, contact the club president, Mariam Karaki firstname.lastname@example.org. lb, or the club’s VP Ashley Humphrey at ash17@aub. edu.lb or the faculty advisor Mr. John Mclean at jm34@ aub.edu.lb. Otherwise there is always the good old internet website: aubdialog.wordpress.com.
BSS Wears Its (Motherly) Heart on A Sleeve Rami Diab Staff Writer
n Thursday March 25, the Biology Student Society extended a warm greeting to a few lucky ladies as part of its sincere and heartfelt Mother’s Day event when eight of BSS’ volunteers Petra Chamseddine, Heba El Ayash, Tamara Abou Matar, Sarah Abdel Massih, Amro Baassiri, Ghida Itani, Jessica El Asmar, and Aline Toukhtarian decided to pay a visit to a nursing home named “La Maison Maronite de Soit et d’Hebergement” at Ain El Rummanie. The BSS volunteers, upon their arrival, were invited in with wide open hearts and arms heavy laden with gifts, some of which included a small compact TV set along with a DVD player and a brilliant bouquet of flowers. The volunteers were first shown around the complex by the nursing home director who was very appreciative of their arrival after which they were kindly asked to split themselves into two groups, in hopes of spreading their lively greetings and jolly cheer over a greater variety of elderly women. Heba,
Tamara, and Amro for instance, put their heads together and performed a short “Ley Bit’assir Tannoura” song and dance skit in unison for bedridden Mina and kept other mothers entertained in the process. After exchanging celebrations, the BSS volunteers invited some of the mothers upstairs were they sat in the living room and chatted some more about each other’s lives. The hours flew by and the BSS volunteers found themselves being warmly thanked by the mothers who dramatized their earnest appreciation for BSS’ thoughtfulness, lauding their selfless service. Moreover, many of the volunteers felt touched and elated by these old and inspirational ladies such as the young Aida who kept the atmosphere up and alive with her splendid vocal demonstration of the popular Lebanese folk song “Abdo Habeb Ghandoura” and Warde who spent the better part of her time attending to her superior matchmaking skills, picking out husbands for all the female volunteers. “To me, this experience real-
ly opened my eyes to the reality of growing up and growing old. I think a lot of us left with heavy hearts, but we hope that our small gesture was enough to lift the spirits of those wonderful people,” said Chamseddine. All in all, it was a day of
Photo By Outlook Staff
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USFC Newsletter USFC Speakersâ€™ Corner Speakerâ€™s Corner or Hyde Park was abolished at AUB 36 years ago. Today, the USFC has asked to re-launch it. The problem is that the administration did not agree upon it. After a lot of discussions the USFC managed to convince the administation by agreeing to this freedom of speech under the condition of excluding two very important topics: religion and politics. This seems like a parados and a lot of students were infuriated by this idea thinking that they are being mocked. But it is a first step. And if we, students, can demonstrate that we can handle freedom of speech we shall be able to eventually talk about politics and religion and whatever topic that interests the students. Until then other topics can be discussed freely. Students can send topics proposal on the usfc i-mail (email@example.com).
USFC Class Ring Ceremony The USFC has launched a class ring ceremony event that will target all graduating students. The ring will be mostly funded by the USFC . The event is scheduled to take place on Monday May 24, 2010 at the green oval. This tradition comes as a tribute to the graduating class by offering a ring that students wear signifying that they have left university. More details coming soon!
USFC Awareness Week During the week of April 4, 2010, the USFC organized an Awarness week about the following topics: drugs, smoking, car accidents, environmental issues, HIV, and violence against women. Many NGOs were invited to discuss these issues that concerns every one of us explicitly or implicitly including Caritas Lebanon, Teach for Lebanon, AFDC, Kafa, and Toastmasters.
USFC Clubs/Societies Budget Allocation The USFC decided to allocate 800$ for every active student club and society at AUB. The money should be used to the remaining events for this academic year. Nadine Hamdan Secretary University Student Faculty Committee American University of Beirut
Letter to the editor
Just a “nurse?” Rayan Al Dabbah At the end of this semester I will be graduating with a BS in Nursing. The thing is, after three hectic years, hours drowning in the medical surgical book, rough semester in critical care, and an exhausting clinical at the psychiatric units, I will be “just a nurse.” I understand that all majors at AUB are very demanding and that everyone tries their best and burn the candle at both ends studying. However, at the end, not one of you would worry about choosing a a career would offend him or have a psychological impact on his life or that he would be stereotyped by his society. You would think I am over-
reacting or being a drama queen, but think about what I am going say next, and see if it applies to you. You think that Nursing is the easiest major and doesn’t require much studying, nursing is just a technical job and doesn’t need a university degree, nurses only follow doctor’s orders, bring them coffee, and do them sexual favors behind the curtains. Nurses are in Nursing because they are not smart enough to go into medical school. More to my surprise, some AUBities dont even know there is a Nursing major at AUB. If you do not consider what I said is true about Nurs-
ing, then thankfully you are not so influenced by the society we live in or by the media that intentionally attempt to tarnish the reputation of nurses. Yes the media, most of you watch Gray’s Anatomy, House, or Private Practice. I like to watch them too, but I feel so offended and agonized about how nurses are either portrayed as clueless, following blindly, or just don’t exist. Nursing is not an inferior job, but rather a real profession, very hard and demanding. Nurses are University graduates and are required to put atleast similar efforts as any other major. Nurs-
es do not follow Dr’s orders blindly; they base their choices on knowledge and critical thinking. They have a say in patient care and they do most of it. They are there at the patient’s bedside at all times, day and night, on weekend, on holydays, anytime, every day. Nurses are there to advocate you and make sure whatever happens is for your best. Nurses are colleagues with Drs. and are not their servants and they work in a team where the patient is the head of it. I enjoy being part of such an incredible profession that is so challenging, demanding and at the same time reward-
ing on a personal level and on a higher levels. I know many people who would love going into nursing, and really have the gift and potential to be very successful and influencing on people’s lives. Unfortunately we live in a pretentious society that can see their children only as Doctors and Engineers, (with all due respect to all professions that contribute best to our lives). I just hope that the society would just give the nursing profession respect as it deserves, and stop downing our spirits when we want to do best for the sake of your health.
Dear AUB Students, This is a follow-up message from the USFC regarding the cafeteria services at AUB. A meeting was held last Friday March 26, 2010 between VP of USFC, VP Maamari of Facilities, and Provost Dallal. We went through the different stages from terminating the old contract, the court case with USM, the search for a new caterer, and the design stages. Though the process took more than it should, due to negligence I believe, I was informed that the renovation process has began according to the below schedule: Week of March 22: Minor renovations for electricity connections Week of March 29: Demolishing phase Weeks of April 5- April12: Approving the design and ordering equipments Weeks of April 19- May17: Laying infrastructure & architecture Weeks of May 24- June 14: Closing process: Ceramics & Furniture Expected date to finish: June 30, 2010 An ad-hoc committee has been formed to improve communication with AUB community regarding the cafeteria issue. The USFC was promised to be part of this committee and will actively participate in the decisions to be made. Finally, many thanks from the USFC to AUB students who participated in the sit-in. It is obvious that the USFC’s sit-in had fastened the process. VP Maamari recommended we postpone the second sit-in as major changes have started. We have responded to your request VP Maamari yet we are still passionate to have our cafeteria ready by the end of this semester. Summer is at the door and it is intolerable outside. We, as student government, are liable to all AUB students as the cafeteria issue was a major concern on our platform when elected. Best Regards, Elias Ghanem Vice President University Student Faculty Committee American University of Beirut
بيروت الغربية بعيون شرقية فقد قد أثار،لكن لم يكن هذا رأي اجلميع الفيلم إعجاب الكثرين مبا أظهره من ،مشاهد ووقائع قل ما تذكرها الوثائقيات ً فكل ما ذكر كان صحيحا ً وإن كان خارجا فتلك الواقعية التامة قلما،عن املألوف لقد.وجدت في مثل تلك األنواع من األفالم ، من املالبس.عنيوا بكل التفاصيل املمكنة وحتى األفكار السائدة في ذلك،إلى املتاجر . بحسب الطالب كرمي طيارة،الوقت لقد كانت جتربة غنية وفرصة للطالب غير اللبنانني أو للبنانني اللذين لم يعرفوا وطنهم حتى وقت متأخر من شبابهم للتعرف على تاريخ لبنان احلافل باألحداث والصعوبات فأثبتت بأن لبنان قادر أن يلملم جراحه ويتحدى الزمان لينبثق من الظالم إلى .مستقبل ن ّي ٍر وفجرً جديد
من ذلك فهنالك متع ٌة للمشاهدة بفضل الشخصيات الطريفة املتعددة والتعليقات بحسب ما قاله الطالب محمد.الغريبة .قرزاده بالرغم من روح املرح واإلعجاب في أعني املتفرجني إال أنهم قد فضلوا تقدمي شيء فهذا الفيلم لم،أكثر واقعية وشمولية ُ يقدم إال حملة بسيطة عن شريحة قليلة جدا فاحلرب كانت أوسع، ولزمن وجيز،من الناس من ذلك بكثير وشملت باإلضافة للمسلمني واملسيحني اللبنانني الفلسطينني .والسوريني و اإلسرائيلني فيما بعد بكل صراحة أنا لم أعش:ً قال قرزاده مضيفا لكني أفضل،إال لسنوات قليلة في لبنان لو ُقدم فيلم وثائقي ذو تنوع وشمولية أكثر ومبا أن روح،في يوم كالثالث عشر من نيسان الكوميديا تغلب عليه متنيت لو ُعرض اإلثنان أو لو قاموا بعرضه بوقت الحق كذكرى، ً معا .انتهاء احلرب على سبيل املثال
Top 10 Annoying Students 10- The IDIOT type Although you might take advantage of his stupidity, choose most of your classes with him to get higher grades. He will never stop annoying you with his stupid questions in class. He WILL call you home to ask you the stupid questions he asked in class. It will take you an hour to understand that he got the given all wrong. He WILL still think that he got the idea even though he did NOT get the question. Next, he will insist that you are wrong and eventually he might or might not get the idea. I personally do not believe in the existence of such a type but I do believe that some people simply don’t want to think and want to memorize everything or at least think that they understand everything. I will limit myself to these descriptions but please note that this type can combine with any other type to make worse cases but this is number 10 since nevertheless these people might be great friends. 9- The PROJECT type These are the people that suddenly become interest-
ed in you because a project is coming soon. They will keep asking you to let them in your group. If they manage to succeed they will ask you to do everything while they study to get high grades or simply tell you that they have an appointment and go out with their girlfriends/boyfriends or simply friends. You end up doing 99% of the project while they sit around giving orders to random people. When you ask for help their response will be: “I don’t know how to do this, you’re better at it” Many fights may occur and it might end up with you hitting each other. Therefore, you vow not to do a project with them again but they just keep coming up with different disguises. 8- The High Level Nerd This class of students can be divided into 2 types: the silent class and the more annoying class which I’d like to call (the I want you to think that I know it all class) These two are mostly alike, they disappear directly after class to go swallow some book somewhere in the library or at home. They have done the given exercices, the exercices that are found
in the book, the exercises that are found on the internet. They have memorized the words said in class (with lip movement). They might have recorded the lecture and while taking notes put possible theoretical questions they will ask themselves while in the toilet. They will follow the professor to office hours and ask him questions about every sentence in the book and in some other university’s course lectures online. The only difference between the first and the second type is that the second would appear to ask weird questions in class, would want you to see that he knows everything. Therefore, he attempts to answer all questions asked by the professor, memorizes the position of certain blocks in the upcoming slides (including the names). Replies faster than lightning when asked akward absurd questions from the book and simply laughs when someone cannot answer a question , then he raises his hand while thinking: “Haha chou hal 7mar choufo ana addei awe beli3 kell chi” 7- The Pretender This one is even worse than the High Level Nerd as this
عامر الص ّريع باإلشتراك معAUB Cine Club قام LebaneseوCivic Welfare Club بعرض فيلم بعنوانHeritage Club (بيروت الغربية) للمخرجWest Beirut زياد الدويري مبناسبة الذكرى األربعني حلرب .لبنان األهلية تدور أحداث الفيلم حول ثالثة شبان في حي من أحياء بيروت الغربية عندما تندلع نيران احلرب في الثالث عشر من نيسان عام فتقفل املدارس وتشل حركة املرور،1975 وتتحول حياة،بني األحياء الشرقية والغربية .هؤالء الشبان إلى حياة فريدة من نوعها مليئة باخلوف من جهة والسعادة من جهة فتتحول احلرب إلى مغامرة ممزوجة،أخرى .بالرعب والكوميديا يتميز الفيلم بإعطائه نظرة واقعية إلى ما كانت عليه حرب ما زالت تذكر حتى وبالرغم،يومنا هذا من شدة هولها وأثرها
Mario Achkar person did not read anything, does not know anything yet he attempts to make you think that he knows everything. Either he tries to ask absurd meaningless questions or answers using cosmological powers questions with some absurd answer that can never be understood. Then the teacher would attempt to understand the question and in that attempt comes up with a much deeper question which the Pretender finds suitable and takes it as his own question. He will go on bragging about how much he has understood a certain subject and mastered the material but cannot answer the easiest of questions. There exists also another type of pretender which falls under this category which are those who pretend that they have not done anything while actually the have done everything they can do. “Eh man ma 3melet chi ana mber7a kenet kel el nhar 3am bel3ab wara2 w 2ebb el motocycle” (eh ok). You don’t think anyone gets fooled that easily do you? Then you attempt to go out with that person someday and it appears that they are
always busy (“ma fiyye te3ben/helken/mech 2adir”) or man ana ma3 ref2ate. But of course they are never busy studying wallaw ma henne ma bia3emlo chi. 6- The Nagger This one is seriously annoying. He will nag about anything. He thinks his life sucks, his family sucks, his grades suck (probably 90’s), you suck, his friends suck. He will nag about his grades, his internship, his life, his teachers, his classmates, his car, his family, his girlfriend. He will repeat the same subject again and again and again and again until you ask him to stop when he will move to another one to nag about. He will make it sound like the world is at an end and he is at the center. I have never stopped asking myself whether he expects us to say 7aram which will increase his chances of getting better luck or it is just his nature to seek attention by nagging. In both cases, you should not have too many fights with these people, simply ignore them, block your ears or just make them shut up. Continued Next Week...
out of the box The Outlook team Chairperson
Mohamad Yahia Hamade
Mariam El Ali
Tala Kardas Rasha Salem
Member at Large
Rawan Abu Salman Mohamad Al Medwar Fouad Badaoui Fatima Buhilaigah Moussa Chalah Abraham Daniel Hajjar Rami Diab Yasmine Fansa Nadine Ghaith Maryam Hoballah Mhd Izzat Husrieh Heather Jaber Wajiha Jurdi Kheir Lojine Kamel Elie El Khoury Timmy Malkoun Rita Obeid Roupen Ohannessian Yasmine Saab Wally Saad Sandra Sawaya Maya Terro Ilija Trojanovic Tarek Tutunji Mohammad El-Jabi Emile Zankoul
Qater Al Nada Mohsen Dima Barbir Tariq Buhilaigah Deedee Jilani
Putting a Limit to Procrastination
With midterms and quizzes overwhelming us during this time of the year, I thought it would be interesting and rather helpful to address the issue of procrastination. Studies show that 20% of people identify themselves as chronic procrastinators; they leave their duties and work till the last minute. Procrastination is learned behavior and therefore it can be unlearned. Moreover, 70% of students in college identify themselves as procrastinators, are you one of them? This should help if this is the case! Have you known that procrastination isn’t good for the heath? Putting things off increases stress levels and sends all those stress hormones raging through the body making us more tired and faster. It also weakens the immune system by keeping one up all night and it doesn’t help one’s relationship either since it can shift the burden of the relationship on to the other person involved. It is important to note that people are made into procrastinators; they are not born that way. This is good news because what is learned can be unlearned. Procrastinators often look for distractions; this is usually used as way of regulating their own emotions, such as fear of failure. Now let me speak of the tips to tackle procrastination, Dr. Ferrari (as cited in Marano, 2003) recommends the following strategies for reducing procrastination: 1. Make a to-do list of everything you have to do. 2. Write a statement of intention. 3. Set realistic objectives or goals. 4. Break your goals down into specific tasks. 5. Make your task meaningful. 6. Promise yourself a reward so that you would look forward to completing tasks required. 7. Be honest and eliminate tasks you never plan to do. 8. Approximate the amount of time you think it will take you to complete a certain task, then increase that amount by 100% Reference: Marano, H.E. (2003). Ending Procrastination. Psychology Today.
Heads Up on Health
Healthy Habits you’ll want to follow if you’re aiming for “triple” digits In a new study by the British Medical Journal, one of the biggest factors that determine why some people live more than others has a lot to do with their lifestyle; not so much with their genes, as commonly thought. For instance, and according to the study, you can cut your risk of having a stroke in half by: being active for 30 mins a day, eating your fruits and vegetables (5servings/day), and avoiding cigarettes and excess alcohol. More than this, researchers have particularly discovered from their observations that centenarians -people who live long enough to reach their 100 years of age and above- tend to share certain traits in how they live their day-to-day lives. Of course no one can deny that aging is more or less an act of heredity in the sense that getting to age 100 is at higher odds in those whose parents did celebrate their 100’s birthdays. However, according to Thomas Perls, from the Boston University School of Medicine, those descending from non-centenarians parents yet somehow managed not to inherit genes for truly fatal diseases like Huntington’s, “there’s nothing stopping [them] from living independently well into [their] 90s.” Accordingly, if your parents and grandparents were heavy smokers, it might have been that they have died prematurely without ever reaching their true ‘potential’ lifespan. One of the major habits that people tend to forget and which plays a major role in extending your life is “flossing.” Flossing everyday implies healthy arteries. According to a 2008 New York University study, daily flossing reduced the amount of gum-disease-causing bacteria in the mouth that is thought to enter the bloodstream and trigger inflammation in the arteries, a major risk factor for heart disease. Other research has shown that those who have high amounts of bacteria in their mouth are more likely to have thickening in their arteries, another sign of heart disease. Another habit not to belittle is “exercising.” “Exercise is the only real fountain of youth that exists,” says Jay Olshansky, a professor of medicine and aging researcher at the University of Illinois at Chicago. “It’s like the oil and lube job for your car. You don’t have to do it, but your car will definitely run better.” Study after study has documented the benefits of exercise to improve your mood, mental acuity, balance, muscle mass, and bones.”However, you do not need to be a gym rat. A 30 mins walk is a good start. Nevertheless, building muscle with resistance training is also ideal, but yoga classes can give you similar strength-training effects if you’re not into weight lifting. More recommended habits to come in the next issue of ‘Heads-up on Health’.
Issue 21, Volume 42 (Outlook Student Newspaper at AUB)