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September 26, 2012

Vol. XLV, No. 11 December 4, 2012

Potential changes in student ACT for the Disappeared: Remembering gov. ‘a major revolution,’ the civil war victims missing in Lebanon Lujain Rabat Geukjian, a professor in the and briefly explained says Nizameddin Staff Writer Political Studies and Public meaning of the display. Ghida Ismail Staff Writer

This year’s student government elections saw a major policy change— voters could directly elect the University Student Faculty Committee. While many see progress in the policy change, there may be more work to be done regarding the distribution of representatives. In years past, students voted for the 109 Student Representative Committee members who then chose the 17 USFC seats. This year, voters directly elected representatives to those 17 seats. Naji Aoun, vice president of the Secular Club, described the new policy as “more democratic.” Nonetheless, he pointed out some setbacks. “The Faculty of Engineering with around 1,500 students gets only two seats in the USFC, while the Faculty of Health and Science with a very small number of students gets one seat,” said Aoun.

“This division is not logical and not fair.” On the other hand, he noted that it is unreasonable that the engineering graduates and the architecture and graphic design undergraduates, who do not have any interaction with one another, should all elect one common USFC representative. Dean of Students Affairs Talal Nizameddin affirmed that the USFC electoral process will remain that of a direct representation next year. Based on the feedback and opinions of the students however, further modification will be implemented. “I have a vision of making the SRC numbers a bit smaller,” he said. He explained that 109 representatives is too many, especially because many of them “disappear” after the elections. Other students proposed making the elections proportional and intradepartmental. In other words, each department Continued on page 5

During the Lebanese Civil War, more than 17,000 Lebanese citizens went missing. Thirty years later, their families are still looking for answers. “Are our beloved ones alive or dead?” “Are they imprisoned?” “If dead, where are they buried?” “If imprisoned, where and by whom?” The Lebanese human rights association ACT for the Disappeared held an exhibition last week at AUB displaying the developments and efforts of the past 30 years to find out what happened to the disappeared. The exhibition, which is also expected to take place in several other Lebanese universities, is part of a bigger campaign that aims to raise awareness among the youth and make sure that the disappeared are not forgotten. “[This] is a humanitarian issue that should not be ignored,” said Ohaness

Administration department. The exhibition started Wednesday, after a word by William Thomas Haase, the chairman of the PSPA department, who expressed his solidarity with the cause


The opening speech was followed by a short documentary about Odette Salem, the main organizer of the sit-in for “Friends and families of the missing Continued on page 3

Photo Credit : Hayder Al Shakeri

Founders Day ceremony stresses ‘we are all descendants of Daniel Bliss’ Frederic Abou Jaoude Staff Writer

Photo credit: Hayder Al-Shakeri

One hundred forty-six years ago, Rev. Daniel Bliss and a

group of American Protestant missionaries reached the Mid-

dle East and founded what was then known as the Syrian Protestant College. When the Ottoman Empire collapsed and European mandates were applied in the 1920s, the SPC became AUB. AUB commemorated this history with a Founders Day celebration Monday. Outside the ceremony in Assembly Hall, students from a translation class, some dressed in period costumes, distributed a project booklet they had been working on for Founders Day. They had translated a collection of letters that Bliss, one of AUB’s founders and its first president, wrote to his family during the construction

of the AUB campus between 1873 and 1874. Students also handed out Bliss’s favorite fruit, mishmush (apricots), and bread and jam. Rula Baalbaki, the literary translation course instructor, said the project was meant to get “AUB students and professors to know more about the founder of AUB and to read about his quotes in translation and in original English.” During the ceremony, president Dorman stressed that AUB provides a safe haven to pursue personal experiences. He said this day is when we “reflect on those who had the vision and determination to Continued on page 4

2 · Campus News

December 4, 2012

September 26, 2012

AUB alumnus and leading oncologist The war in Iraq: Healing the discusses urgent need for focus on research Injuries Heather Jaber Editor-in-Chief

Photo credit: Heather Jaber Last week, AUB alumnus, Philip Salem, an oncologist and cancer researcher, revisited Lebanon, where he was honored at the Beirut International Award Festival at Biel. Salem, who has gained worldwide recognition for his leadership in the oncology field, spoke of the importance of research in the field of medicine. Salem graduated from AUB in 1965 and completed his residency at AUBMC. Prior to rejoining as a faculty member, he spent two years as a research fellow at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York and one year at M.D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute

in Houston. In 1971, Salem became an assistant professor at AUBMC, and the early 70s marked the birth of one of his major contributions to cancer research. He was one of the first researchers to suggest that recurrent infectious disease in the gastrointestinal tract might lead to cancer. This study laid the groundwork for others, including the two Australian scientists who used the concept to win the 2005 Nobel Prize after applying it to the more common stomach cancer. Throughout his years with AUBMC, Salem said he never received research funding from the university. He left Lebanon, travelling back to Houston and becoming an associate professor of medicine at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in 1987. “In education, the purpose is not to transfer knowledge to the student; the purpose is to train the mind of the student. I believe a university professor, at least in medicine, should be engaged in research, not only in teaching. “For AUB to survive as a leading educational institution it has to espouse research.” Progress in the study of infection and cancer, as well as the cervical cancer vaccine,

set the stage for a new era in oncological research, said Salem. Research on prevention rather than treatment of the established disease is where the focus should be, he said. This emphasis on prevention is what makes Salem’s work a staple in modern medicine. He is the director of cancer research at St. Luke’s Episcopal Hospital in Houston and president of Salem Oncology Centre. Salem, based on his personal experience, has also written about immigration from the Middle East to the west, and says that those who have this “hybrid culture” are lucky. “We have the option to synthesize what we brought to the best of what is available,” he said. “That [hybrid] culture is better than the Eastern and Western [cultures].” When asked what he retained from his Lebanese roots, he mentioned love for the teacher, the elderly and the weak. Those in the East, he said, are especially gifted in the power of love and compassion, giving them an edge in the field of medicine. “This is a big weapon we use against disease,” he said.

Frederic Abou Jaoude Staff Writer

Iraq has been going through a series of bloody wars claiming hundreds of thousands of innocent lives. These wars include the conflict with Iran from 1980 to 1988, the first Gulf War from 1990 to 1991, the American occupation of Iraq in 2003 and the violence continuing to this day. Terrorist attacks, adopted by Al Qaeda, have occurred in the last few years in Iraq, targeting civilians and religious gatherings. Bombings have targeted both Shiite Muslims during Ashoura and Iraqi Christians during Christmas, which caused many to flee their country. Many Iraqis wounded from the aftermath of the battles search for medical treatment for their injuries. A lecture titled “War Injuries, Triage and Iraq’s Emerging Therapeutic Geographies” was held on Nov. 28 in Van Dyck Auditorium. Omar Dewachi, an assistant professor of medical anthropology and public health at AUB, discussed how an estimated 12 percent of the Iraqi population currently seeks health care due to three decades of war. He revealed to the packed

Digital Diplomacy: Save Lebanon with social media

Yara Zeitoun Staff Writer

For a panel discussion between three rockstars, Issam Fares Hall was surprisingly empty Friday. Still, the lecture went on as the three social media innovators, who are, in fact, described as digital diplomacy “rockstars”—all of them current and former diplomats from the United States and the United Kingdom—discussed how technology has changed diplomacy. Whether diplomats and government bodies should be online is no longer a matter of debate, the panelists said. “Of course we should be part of the digital world,” said Tom Fletcher, the U.K. ambassador to Lebanon with a large online

following. “Any diplomat without a smartphone is entirely naked.” The British embassy in Lebanon has embraced digital diplomacy, which according to the U.K. Foreign and Commonwealth Office, is “solving foreign problems through the Internet.” Alec Ross, a social media guru and adviser in the U.S. State Department, began the discussion by pointing out the changing context of diplomacy. Social media technologies, he said, have caused “a massive shift in geopolitical power” from governments to individuals and organizations. Governments can also connect directly with the governed. As simple as digital diplomacy sounds, diplomats

and ambassadors face a large number of difficulties in their attempts at going digital. Responding to audience questions about WikiLeaks sharing confidential diplomatic cables, Ross said that in the world of diplomacy and statecraft, “hypertransparency is naive.” Fletcher added that if his every communication with U.K. diplomatic offices were public, “all I would offer is fluffy platitudes.” Jimmy Leach, the moderator and a senior adviser for Portland Communications, pointed out the different trends in social media use across the region. Of the 50 most influential and connected Twitter users in the Middle East, 38 percent are commentators, 36 percent

are journalists, and a small 18 percent are politicians or government officials. With 17, Egypt has the most Twitter users in the top 50 of any nation in the Middle East, and it has the most connections with the region. More than 70 percent of these Twitter users discuss politics. The panel explained that Twitter, like other platforms, is a pool of knowledge that diplomats and government officials should dive into to take the pulse of the the region. In Lebanon, for example, there are 1.4 million Facebook accounts out of a population of 4 million, owing to a relatively high rate of Internet access compared to its neighbors. With such broad access, social media

auditorium a line graph of the number of Iraqi admissions into AUBMC, showing that 2,619 Iraqis sought treatment in 2011. Another bar graph showed that almost half of these Iraqis stay at AUH for less than 24 hours. Dewachi said that Iraqis do not have faith in their country’s medical treatment because of misdiagnoses and operational errors as one of the aspects of Iraq’s deterioration during the war. As such, Iraqi citizens have been pushed to receive healthcare from regional countries like Turkey, Iran, India and Lebanon, even though cancer chemotherapy, for example, is free in Iraq while expensive abroad. This formed what Dewachi described as the “therapeutic geographies.” Dewachi then spoke of the politicization of injuries revealed after conducting interviews with healing Iraqis in hospitals. He illustrated how an injured Iraqi was not allowed to enter Jordan for treatment because he was shot by an American gunman and hence perceived as a terrorist. Dewachi also explained how the sectarian tension in Iraq limited mobility to access the capital’s main hospital, making it easier to be treated abroad than in Baghdad.

could help tackle corruption and mobilize action. Yet, as Ross pointed out, social media should not be used as a tool only for criticism and banter, but rather for thoughtful, strategic ways to improve the country and decrease corruption by attacking it head on. Quoting his boss, Hillary Clinton, Ross said that “information networks are like nuclear power: they can either fuel the city or destroy it.” This applies to Lebanon as much as anywhere else, and even more so—with a government paralyzed by greed, the Lebanese community needs to decide whether it will use this power to destroy the country or to build it up.

Campus News · 3

December 4, 2012

September 26, 2012

Who let the dogs out, but kept the cats in? Meer Ako Ali Contributing Writer Growing up on AUB campus, Basma Zeidan, associate director of the Office of International Programs in AUB, remembers the University as her playground. The highlight of her childhood was playing with a pack of 10 puppies living on AUB campus. “I found them with two friends in the thick bushes facing Marquand House,” she said. “We started feeding them and taking care of them. We brought them milk and food and we became attached. The leader of the pack was called ‘Shana’.” This was in the late ‘80s, the last years of the Lebanese civil war. Zeidan recalls that Beirut was overrun with stray dogs, especially in the downtown area. The government was trying to control the population of dogs because they were spreading rabies. A female dog escaped into the safe haven of the AUB campus and gave birth to the puppies. A German lady and her son used to feed and play with the puppies along with Zeidan and her friends, an experience that they shared and bonded over. As the dogs grew up and started wandering around campus and down toward the faculty housing, people began singling them out as a potential source of diseases and they were eventually “taken care of.” This was when the pack was only a year old. Zeidan was told the dogs had been taken up to the mountains where they would live happily ever after.

They let the dogs out, but Zeidan remembers seeing cats scattered around campus, frequently around the old infirmary next to the Green Oval. These cats were mostly from families who left Lebanon during the civil war in the early 1980s. Before leaving, they would release their cats in the sanctuary of AUB. The 2011 AUB Calendar was themed around the campus cats. Titled “Cats: A Predominant Being,” the booklet told the story of AUB cats through the pens of Henry Matthews (editor at the Office of Communications) and Marwan El-Sabban (director of the Creative Media Unit of the same office). Matthews writes that “sporadic attempts” to take care of the cats on campus eventually led to a cat welfare system. “Cats were not only allowed to stay but were taken care of … The feline population on campus

eradicated its rodents, snakes, and scorpions.” El-Sabban writes, “Cats are an integral part of campus landscape that seems to touch the lives of the AUB community one way or another.” “Now, AUB has almost 400 cats,” said Rosemarie Jaouhari, the Attending Veterinary in AUB’s Animal Care Facility and the person responsible for organizing cat care around the campus. “We feed them, care for them and keep them healthy.” There are five official catfeeding stations around campus, all of which are intentionally kept as far as possible from academic buildings and residences. The feline diet in AUB is composed of dry pellets and canned foods. Manning the cat-feeding stations are four cat feeders. As of August, all others are strictly forbidden from feeding the cats. Jaouhari, who is also the

president of AUB’s Animal Welfare Club, which was founded in 2001 in response to the challenge of caring for campus cats, explained why the rest of us should abstain from feeding the cats. “Feeding the cats outside of the feeding-stations will encourage them to start residing in the academic buildings and dorm halls. This does not only lead to disturbing odors and poor hygiene in those buildings but is also disrespectful toward those who are irritated by cats or have allergies.” Providing medical care to the cats is Jaouhari and her team’s most challenging responsibility. “The best prevention against diseases is vaccination. But it is difficult to vaccinate 400 cats,” she said. The feline calicivirus is the latest problem Jaouhari and her team are fighting. The cat care team makes use of a whistleblowers’ system. When cat feeders, students or faculty notice a sick cat, they contact Jaouhari or take it into the Cat Clinic, near the AUB Duplication Center, where they are remedied. In order to control the feline population growth inside AUB, the AWC pushed forward the humane solutions of spaying and birth control pills soon after it was founded. Cats with clipped ears seen around campus have been sterilized. When asked why the dog population in AUB had been eradicated, Jaouhari said, “Cats and dogs together? It’s not possible.”

Tired of going to more than one place to retrieve a simple piece of information during advising week? This semester, the Advising System Tools and Information Team implemented a change on AUBsis, which allows advisers to directly access all the information of their advisees, including standardized test scores,

Continued from page 1 and disappeared” in front of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia building. The documentary highlighted the hardships that Salem, like all others who lost loved ones, went through after her children were kidnapped, as well as her dedication to finding them. The exhibition, which lasted three days, showcased posters, photographs and excerpts from newspapers around the West Hall common room. The display summarized the history of the disappeared and provided solutions to resolve their unknown fate. It also condemned attempts on behalf of the government to close the files related to the “disappeared case.” “We are mostly trying to advocate for solutions,” said Berongere Pinaeau, a member of ACT for the Disappeared, showing the organization’s primary mission is one of sensitizing people and raising awareness about actions and solutions that can still provide answers about the missing even after 30 years. One such solution is DNA testing that could identify unknown corpses. Another is a law, drafted two years ago, that emphasizes the people’s right to know the truth. “Unfortunately, this cause has been politicized and not taken seriously enough,” Geukjian said.

Photo credit: Hayder Al Shakeri

Facilitating the advising process with new AUBsis features Elena Grissom Staff Writer

ACT for the Disappeared

transcripts, whether a student is on probation or the honor roll and contact information. Advisers can also save any comments about their advisees directly on AUBsis, like potential minors or transfers. Whenever an adviser enters a comment in the system, the students will receive notification emails to keep them up to date. AUBsis’ new feature is intended to improve the advising process for everyone,

as it contributes to AUB’s general push to move from hard copies and paper files to online record-keeping. “I’m assuming the change is a part of AUB’s push towards e-workstream, a system that is slowly making things easier for all of us,” said Hans Miller, associate professor of philosophy and a student adviser. “As an advisor for international students, I used to have to go through more than one step to do simple

tasks as student files had to pass through several hands.” Student advisers, like Coralie Hindawi of the political science department, are looking forward to integrating the feature into the advising process. “Like most advisers, I don’t know much about the feature because it is still very new,” said Hindawi, “but I expect it to make things easier for all of us on the long-run.” Photo credit: Hayder Al Shakeri

4 · Campus News

December 4, 2012

September 26, 2012

AUB’s first streetball tournament

Frederic Abou Jaoude Staff Writer

This week, the AUB JV basketball team will host the university’s first StreetBall tournament to emphasize that AUB is not only geared towards academia but also appreciates innovative sport activities. Lama Dabbous of the University sports department said the tournament is partly a fundraising event for the junior varsity basketball tournament abroad. The tournament consists of teams of three or four with one substitute player, and all participants must be enrolled at AUB. According to the rules, each team is allowed to have only one team member from the varsity or junior varsity basketball teams. Each team should pay a $30 fee to enter the tournament. The winning team receives $300, while $150 is given for the team in second place, as stated on the event’s Facebook page. The tournament will also include a three-point shootout with a fee of $5 per participant and a prize of $50, as well as a full-court shot contest, which is $5 per try with a $50 prize. The three-on-three half-court games will last for fifteen minutes each with loser’s ball. The team gets one free throw after receiving five fouls and the game is governed by selfrefereeing. Dabbous, who encourages every AUB student to be active in sports teams, hopes that similar events in the future will take place. To register, the team should send an email to efz00@aub. with the full names of the team players and at least one member’s phone number, or speak with one of the organizers of the event, Emile Zankoul, Marwan Diyab and Ahmed Kamali. The deadline for registration is Dec. 5.

Chris Bohgalian: The author of a nation Varak Ketsemanian Staff Writer

Chris Bohgalian, author of the New York Times bestseller “The Sandcastle Girls,” came to campus last week to discuss the importance of this book and its various achievements since its publication in July. The event, organized by the Lebanese Armenian Heritage Club and the Hamazkayin Cultural Organization, started with the brief speech from Vahe Seferian, the president of LAHC, who gave a short presentation of Bohgalian’s life and the main themes of his books, which deal with critical issues such as poverty and homelessness. The floor was then given

to Khatchik Mouradian, a doctoral candidate in genocide studies at Clark University, who briefly mentioned Turkey’s ongoing denial policy of the Armenian genocide and concluded that Bohgalian’s work is “a piece of art whose power transcends the denial of the genocide.” Afterwards, the floor was given to Bohgalian. Starting his speech, he emphasized that “The Sandcastle Girls” is, and forever will be, the most important book of his career. He said that with this book he is “championing something bigger than me.” He then presented a brief history of his parents and grandparents, who were genocide survivors, and who had influenced, by

Founders Day ceremony Continued from page 1 found an American college off the shores of the Middle East.” Dorman compared how the campus began as 40 acres with 16 students and now has more than 8,000 students and has expanded to 60 acres. Apart from that, this year’s essay contest had two winners: Zeinab Bailoun, a political studies and public administration sophomore and

Mahmoud Kambris, a fourthyear engineering student. This year’s topic was writing about what we don’t know. Bailoun’s essay stated, “I don’t know anything and neither do you.” She expressed her love for stories saying that “we see ourselves in stories [and] stories are who we are.” Kambris wrote, “If I don’t know myself, then it is impossible to know anything else.” The main speaker, Paul Sa-

that time, the young writer with their exotic, oriental house in which they lived and spoke Armenian. In the years leading to the publication of “The Sandcastle Girls,” Chris explained that his grandparents “took their stories of the genocide with them to the grave.” What compelled him to write this book, he claimed, is the fact that it relates to many genocides, such as the Holocaust, the Cambodian genocide and the Armenian “slaughter you know nothing about because most of our stories exist in bones and skulls.” By merging the historical evidence provided mainly by Mouradian and his writing

genius, Bohgalian said that he has created a piece that is both a love story and one that deals with the issue of the genocide. The love story, he said, was a tool to attract readers as much as possible, so that they in return could have an idea about the Armenian genocide. In his concluding words, Bohgalian once again thanked the Lebanese-Armenian community for the support and all the work it has been doing on behalf of the Armenian Culture, language, nation, and finally concluded that, “despite the genocide, we still have our churches, books, souls, and language.”

lem, director of the Carnegie Middle East Center, began his speech by saying “we are all descendents of Daniel Bliss.” He highlighted that AUB has grown to become the best American university outside the U.S. He went on to talk about the Arab Spring. “The Arab Spring is a citizen’s revolt,” he said. Salem described how Mohamed Bouazizi’s self-immo-

lation in Tunisia liberated the Arab world, saying that “once outside the bottle, the genie cannot return.” He mentioned how change was achieved in North Africa, how the revolution in Bahrain was crushed and how peaceful protests in Syria turned into nightmares of suffering. He said “AUB must act with faith [and] build a democratic society which favors social justice.”

First Phoenician Temple Discovered in Tyre Carla Sertin Deedee Jilani Staff Writers

Leila Badre, an esteemed archaeologist and the longtime director of the AUB museum, last week revealed her groundbreaking work on a newly uncovered Phoenician temple in Tyre. Badre undertook the temple project after attending a seminar in Tyre, in which Ali Badawi, a fellow archaeologist, hinted that there were remains in the area but that he didn’t have the resources necessary for such a venture. Badre, who has worked on numerous excavation sites in Yemen, Syria, Dubai and Lebanon, was tempted to investigate the area since her excavations in Syria have been on hold for

two years due to conditions there. This site, which is east of the cemetery in Tyre, has been excavated three recorded times in the past, although none of these attempts yielded enough evidence to conclude the presence of a Phoenician temple in the area. There was a fourth unrecorded excavation by Emir Chéhab, who unknowingly discovered the temple, thinking it was simply a vast Phoenician monument. Badre was able to identify this as a Phoenician temple due to architectural features such as the podium, sacrificial altar, basins for ablution, and the discovery of a kiln that contained the charred remains of dead animals. Yet classifying it as Phoenician presented a

challenge because it had been Phoenician history, and with previously excavated and more excavation planned for many artifacts had been taken. next year, more of the temple However, characteristics will be uncovered and more of the building, such as the information about it will be setting of the stones, specific unearthed. markings found in the stones in the shapes resembling those of the Phoenician alphabet, and the use of “ramle stones” allowed the team to conclude that the temple was in fact Phoenician. As for dating the temple, the presence of such designs as Egyptian gorges, which are characteristics of the Persian period, suggest its construction to be around the 5th century BCE. A mystery that still remains is identifying the deity to which the temple was dedicated, and whether it was open aired or roofed. Even so, Badre’s find presents a crucial piece of Photo credit:Hayder Al Shakeri

Editorial · 5

December 4, 2012

September 26, 2012

Wasting our time: A bureaucratic nightmare Staff List Outlook Editorial Board To many of us, nothing is more Lebanese than bureaucratic confusion, and there’s nothing more bureaucratic or confusing than the American University of Beirut. AUB is often called Lebanon’s leading institution of higher education, and this Founders Day marks 146 years since its founding, an impressive milestone. Still, many complain about the bureaucracy bogging down what seems to be every aspect the country and the AUB. A university known as the “best in Middle East,” AUB educates a large portion of the Lebanese community, many

of whom are dissatisfied with the system. Unfortunately, many of them barely protest at the frequent hangups because they are acclimated to ineffective bureaucracy by a lifetime in Lebanon. But the criticisms are limited to Lebanese alone. International students often compare AUB to institutions they know in their home countries. Except in terms of climate or food, the comparisons are never flattering for AUB. The bureaucratic system within our university has not only been bothersome to many of the students, but it also impedes the progress of required measures, such as petitions, administrative per-

missions and other such functions. In order for a petition or permission to be accepted, the document must go through a maddening journey that too often results in the student losing the will to even follow it through. It sometimes seems as if the goal is to dissuade students from even attempting to file documents. If AUB is to truly represent the best aspects of academics and management in Lebanon, as is so often said, it will not do so until it reforms its bureaucracy. Until that time, we can be forgiven for feeling trapped in a sisyphean drama.

Potential changes in student gov. Continued from page 1

would elect one representative or more, depending on the number of students in the department. This would lead to a more direct representation of each department in the student government. An added benefit would be giving the representatives more responsibilities in terms of their duties, as well as holding them more accountable. Nizameddin found the proposed solution to be a fine idea and a “major revolution.” Some students said that despite the emergence of independent groups in this year’s elections, the current elections process still does not benefit independent candidates, who won few seats compared to those running on established political platforms. “The election laws need to be reformed to prevent block voting and thus increase

the chances of winning for the students running independently,” said civil engineering student Nihal Abughali. “When I first heard of the change in the USFC election policy, I couldn’t help but think that it was to avoid the threatening and intimidation of the candidates during the elections,” said construction engineering student, Karim Khansa. Last year, two independent candidates were allegedly threatened during the USFC elections, which led to many students reaching the same conclusion as Khansa. Nizameddin did not deny this speculation. He claimed that regardless of whether were made, the reality that such a rumor may surface at AUB was reason enough to seek some changes. Nonetheless, Nizameddin said that the main reason behind the change was to allow a more transparent

election and a “more direct voice by students.” He explained that in previous years a student who would win the SRC elections with a large number of votes could be denied a position in the USFC because of the politics and arrangements in the second round. “We thought that rather than letting a few people decide, let’s let the classes, graduates and undergraduates decide,” said Nizameddin. In addition, the new policy was implemented to make sure that all faculties have a variety of USFC representatives, including both graduates and undergraduates. In the Faculty of Arts and Sciences for example, because of the large number of students, each year has one representative. Nizameddin also said that with this new system it was harder for the political parties who were “playing the game,” to predict the results.

Hand in Hand: Recruiting volunteers

Hand in Hand organization will be recruiting members and volunteers this week. A stand will be held in front of West Hall. It is a group of students who aim to help displaced Syrians in Lebanon. They have humanitarian goals and welcome anyone who wants to join the cause, student or not, Syrian or not.


In issue 10, the food column titled “Lebanese organic food directory” was mistakenly credited to staff writer Nour Turkmani. It was written by staff writer Tala Mukaddam.

Chairsperson Talal Nizameddin Editor-in-Chief Heather Jaber Associate Editor Kanzi Kamel Arabic Editor Mada Dibs Arabic Editor Alaa Kayali Proofreader Ian Larson News Executives Sarah Khalil Hrag Vosgerichian Rayane Zahreddine Ferial Fakih Ombudsman Ali Kassem Photography Editor Mada Subaiti Layout Editor Antoine Ayoub Buisness Manager Luma Itani Buisness Executive Sarah Harfouch Webmaster Jad Shamseddine Photographers Mohammad Azzam Pia Chaib Karen Sertin Hayder Al Shakeri Salim Kaddoura Cartoonists Deedee Jilani Maya Ayache Jad Jari

Staff Writers Frederic Abou Jaoude Elena Grissom Assia Noureddine Sara Sobh Hashem Osserian Karen Sertin Carla Sertin Yara Zeitoun Nerses Arslenian Richard Le Vay Al-Zahraa Majed Sarah Dirani Rana Harbi Nour Shurbaji Ghida Ismail Nadeem Bilani Thurayya Zreik Lujain Rabat Poliana Geha Tala Mukaddam Nour Turkmani Zaynab Jaber Meer Ako Ali Sany Farajalla Mohammad Sibai Varak Ketsemanian

Disclaimer Outlook is a weekly publication of the American University of Beirut (AUB) and represents the voice of the student body. It is an independent, non-affiliated publication that favors no ethnic, religious or political group. All columns, articles and reports are the property of Outlook and do not necessarily represent the views of Outlook or the AUB community. Outlook welcomes all contributions. Authors are asked to please include their full name, major, ranking and contact information for verification. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any way, shape or form without the written consent of Outlook and/ or higher authorities. Outlook reserves the right to edit all material.

6 · Viewpoints

December 4, 2012

September 26, 2012

Philosophy: A waste of time? The effects of taboo on Lebanon Karen Sertin Staff Writer & Photographer A lot of people have said “What’s the point of philosophy? It’s useless if you can’t apply it to real life.” But philosophy (regardless of how impractical it can be in certain topics or situations in life) is absolutely wonderful. It is thought-provoking and a very fruitful and insightful way to see life from a different perspective. Philosophy is a wholesome way of learning how to be open-minded. Contradicting things you have always taken for granted and accepted to be true for the sake of thinking beyond what you normally would is vital to keeping an open mind. Additionally, philosophy is a topic that was well appreciated in the olden days—not that it isn’t now—but the appreciation for the subject seems to have, in fact, lessened. Some people may not agree with or even understand philosophy. However, the subject is interesting because it teaches different ways of thinking about certain subjects you’ve known about all your life, in-

cluding life itself as a topic. Such insightful questions have been asked by several philosophers. “What is the meaning of life?” and “What qualifies as leading a ‘good’ life?” Different philosophers have given different answers. Some gave vague answers and some were more specific. Regardless of what the answers are, or if they are practical, or if there is no answer to those questions (it’s all relative), it is important to consider such questions and realize that there is so much more to life than we are just told about or told to believe. Philosophy can be linked to any subject ranging from mathematics to English to biology. Anything can be philosophized in some way. And it really is fascinating how philosophizing about various subjects can lead to such strange and even unexpected answers, and even no specific answer sometimes. It keeps your mind wandering and curious and can even open doors to new ideas or opinions on the life you live.

Hashem Osseiran Staff Writer

As an AUB undergrad, I am constantly privy to the social dynamics of a culture brimming with confusion over its place between the Western and traditional scopes of social life. Most of the Lebanese youth carry themselves in accordance with widespread socially acceptable behavior while simultaneously maintaining a veneer of conviction and satisfaction. Yet it is the same people who seem to relentlessly display social congruency who participate in acts beyond the acceptance of society in general. AUB has become a cluster of subcultures characterized by specific practices and values. Each subculture identifies with a certain set of beliefs that may fall beyond previously established social constructs. It enforces solidarity among group member who are united by their need for discretion and for social conformity. Taboo is the main source out of which the subcultures rose,

mainly due to a necessity to achieve a more comprehensive, subtle defiance. From the outside looking in, Lebanon is not much different than many places around the world, especially regarding its youth. Leisure, group dynamics and life are generally similar to the youth around the world. However, one characteristic of Lebanese society makes its adolescents particularly interesting—the duality between individuals in society and individuals within their own subculture. This duality plays out in sharp contrast and contradiction. The socially acceptable individual in Lebanon seems to adopt all traditional values and advocate them as the “one best way” in order to avoid the downfalls of social taboo. Amongst their subculture, however, this same individual will display a sharp discontent with the perpetuating status quo. Many foreign exchange students have commented on how odd the sharp contrast is, perceiving it as a form of social dishonesty rather than social protection. However,

I view it rather as a form of percussion—a warranted defense. Going across the lines of the conventional in Lebanon bears a lot of consequence. With the country being a sum of tightly knit communities, word spreads quickly, names tarnish overnight and reputations are rarely reinvented. The final effect of taboo on younger generations in Lebanon is acceptance. On the conscious social platform, individuals denounce and demean the practices and beliefs of certain subcultures. In the confines of the safety of their own subcultures, however, they may adopt and reinforce those same beliefs and practices. Lebanon and AUB have become a two-level playing field in terms of their social life. The manifest is rampant with scrutiny and discretion, while the more sincere, latent sublayer is bursting with noncompliance.

where students refused to share notes if someone had missed a lecture and where people consciously gave false information to lead others astray. This type of interaction is actually commonplace, and it’s never surprising to hear when some students take this rivalry a step further to get their way. The result of this type of interaction is a student body that harbors animosity and paranoia, as opposed to a sense of community. This is obviously not the ideal educational environment for a student, but I’d like to go a step further and claim

that it strictly contradicts the principles that doctors should be striving for. In other schools, especially abroad, medical training emphasizes bedside manner, which involves the social and interpersonal skills that doctors need when treating patients. It goes without saying that doctors should be benevolent, honest and fair. The scary truth is that not all of them are. Would you really trust your life with a medical professional who broke the rules to get to that position? We need to enforce a shift in the social attitudes of the

student community at AUB, not just the pre-med one. Friendly competition should be encouraged, but maleficent rivalry punished. As a personal message to my fellow premed students: just relax. I’m not saying that we shouldn’t be working to our fullest potential (because if you want to get into medical school, you obviously need fantastic grades), but when it comes to low blows, I say it’s better to turn the other cheek. An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind, right?

Stethoscopes and sabotage Nadeem Bilani Staff Writer You could fill a book with all the horror stories circulating about the AUB pre-med program. Actually, you could probably write a series about it. You may have come across a few of these stories yourself, as they seem to be present across all faculties in some form. Mostly, these stories are about the overzealous, cutthroat students who will lie, cheat and even sabotage their way to the top of the honor role. As a biology sophomore,

I can tell you from personal experience that while you shouldn’t believe everything you hear, a lot of those stories do, in fact, possess an element of truth. The competition for medical school admission has transformed pre-med education into a prime analogy of Darwinian survival of the fittest. It has led to sporadic acts of unethical behavior and, unfortunately, it tarnishes the pre-med experience for much of the student body. A lot of the manipulation that transpires is more covert than you would imagine. I’ve witnessed a number of cases

December 4, 2012

Outloud . 7 September 26, 2012

What do you think of the UN’s vote regarding Palestine? Question and Photos: Haydar Al Shakeri

Tamara Zeidan Business Administration Senior “I support the decision” Ibrahim Samaan Business Administration Senior “I support the decision, after 60 years they successfully were implemented after a long struggle. And it’s a great achievement for the nation, culture and history” Ali Zeineddine CCE Junior “I feel like the countries of the world decided to limit Palestine to this small land and they forgot that once upon a time it was a much bigger place, now we have a country called occupied Palestine.

Mohammed Farhat Business Administration Sophomore “I am against this because this is just to shut us up temporarily, it does not give Palestine any rights in the international community. Now Lebanon is a member and they are not doing anything, what can an observant member do” Zakaria Tagaizine Business Sophomore “I don’t think it will change anything since Israel still have the power and this problem isn’t about to get solved yet”

Lana Shammaa Public Administration Senior “I think this is a good step, and I think it is AWESOME” Jude Baddar Education Sophomore “I think this is a huge step for Palestine and it’s a great achievement”

Aya Dichari Chemical Engineering Sophomore “I am happy, it’s a good start” Lama Atarchi Agrichulture Sophomore “I think it is a good start to reclaim Palestinian rights and their stolen country”

Adnan Sidani Busniness Administration Sophomore “I am with the resolution though it might not be as valuable as giving them their actual state back but it’s a good start to get recognition”

Sara Wazani Freshman “I’m not that excited because I don’t think the UN does much but I guess it’s a good step because now they exist”

Mark Francis Middle Eastern Studies Program Second Year Graduate “It’s good that Palestinians have a voice in the United Nations now but I don’t think it should come on the expense of any kind of long term solution namely the one state solution. So as long as it does not negate the right to return then it’s a good thing”

Daniel Bou Diab Political Science Senior “It’s an important first step because it does not only help Palestinians of achieving their dream towards getting back their state, It also helps them organize their affairs because the refugees have been stranded outside their countries without even passports. So I believe that any step that is bringing them closer to statehood is very important”

8 . Columns

December 4, 2012

September 26, 2012

Technology column: Christmas technology gifts Frederic Abou Jaoude Staff Writer The holiday season has come around once more and with it has come the time for Christmas shopping. Traditionally, presents like toys or clothes are given. However, being well into the 21st century, many gadgets have become the top must-have presents. British technology website Digital Spy has published a list of the top ten technological Christmas gifts that can help cut through the tech clutter this holiday season. The first of these gadgets is the Nook Simple Touch with glowlight, an e-reader with a backlight that allows for clear reading even in the dark. The Nook comes with an AC adapter/charger and the Amazon Kindle Fire charger. It offers the advantage of in-store support, while Amazon offers a much richer e-commerce ecosystem where one could buy almost anything online.

Source: Next, the Nikon D3100 remains a capable and cheap entry-level DSLR camera with kit lens even though it has been replaced by the D3200. The Panasonic Lumix DMC-FS45 is also another

great gift. It is a cheaper camera with 5x optical zoom and a 16 megapixel sensor. Additionally, there are streaming video players, which provide the opportunity to abandon cable TV in favor of television delivered via

Source: broadband Internet. This is not only more economical, but also a nice way to spend the Christmas season. Using Google's Chrome operating system, the Samsung Chromebook is one hi-tech gift that anyone would enjoy. It may be applied as an alternate second computer for households with more than one computer. The sixth generation of the Apple iPod Nano is another great present for Christmas. According to a report by Yahoo! Voices, at $329, the 7.9-inch Mini iPad brings “the Apple tablet ecosystem tantalizingly close to millions of American households.” Finally, one of the newest smartphones out right now is the Nokia Lumia 920, which has a Windows Phone 8 operating system, 32 GB of storage and a 4.5 inch screen. In the past, candles were used to illuminate Christmas evenings. Nowadays, batterycharged bulbs and LEDs are strung around our trees. Tomorrow, who knows?

Environmental column: A look at “dirty” aircraft

Poliana Geha Staff Writer

Recent studies reveal that the airline industry contributes an estimated three percent of global greenhouse gas emissions—nearly as much as the entire African continent. One airplane produces about two kilograms of carbon dioxide for every liter of fuel burned, which makes airplanes a critical contributor to the greenhouse effect. Though, historically, noise has been the major environmental issue linked with airports and aircraft, local and global effects of aircraft emissions on air quality now dominate the environmental agenda. The airplane has undoubtedly transformed transportation, and aviation has witnessed an exponential development as the world economy has grown. Nevertheless, greenhouse gas emissions from air-

craft, including carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, significantly aggravate global climate change. Aircraft emissions are unusual; a substantial quantity is released directly into the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere where it has an impact on the atmospheric composition. This makes airplane emissions particularly intoxicating relatively to terrestrial emissions. Rarely do travellers step off a plane after a five-hour flight and consider even for an instant the consequential fuel consumption, greenhouse gas emissions or carbon releases of their trip. How bad can the damage be when you barely had time to fall asleep? The truth is that air travel does even more damage than we›d imagine—so much that numerous airlines are looking into ways to reduce carbon emissions from their flights. A number of measures are being


Food column: I’ll have one camel, stuffed, not shaken Carla Sertin Staff Writer

The U.S. is famous for its innovative food, spawning creations such as the “turducken,” a boneless chicken stuffed inside a duck and wedged inside a turkey, making for quite an avian gettogether. Now you may be thinking, “those Americans come up with the darndest things,” but rumor has it that we Arabs

taken on an international level to address the climate change impacts of airplane emissions. For instance, one aircraft manufacturer, Airbus, an important jetliner manufacturer, will make its fleet more fuelefficient and eco-friendly with a new engine option now being offered to customers. Its most recent construction is the Airbus A320neo, which will include a 15 percent reduction in fuel consumption, two tons of additional payloads, up to 500 nautical miles of more range, lower operating costs and reductions in engine noise and emissions. It remains to be seen whether carbon balancing is the concentration of the future or just a passing notion. But with evidence escalating about the vast ecological effects of air travel, how you can do your part for the environment on your next trip is well worth considering.

have something even more unusual: a stuffed camel. Yes, you heard me right. While eating camel meat is not unheard of on this side of the Mediterranean, this is an especially strange recipe. The recipe calls for a total of 60 eggs, 20 chickens, a lamb, a camel, 12 kilograms of rice, five kilograms of assorted nuts, five pounds of black pepper and 110 gallons of water, and takes around 20 hours of preparation.

But where does all of the food and prep time go? Well, after the lamb, chicken and camel are skinned, cleaned and trimmed, the chickens are stuffed with rice, eggs and nuts, and five of them are then stuffed into the lamb. The lamb is then stuffed with more rice, eggs and nuts, and is then stuffed inside the camel with—you guessed it—more rice, eggs and nuts. This whole concoction is then broiled until brown and

placed on a bed of rice, nuts, eggs and the remaining stuffed chickens. It’s said to be a Bedouin wedding dish, and can serve 80 to 100 people. But is this gargantuan dish a myth or a reality? The recipe sounds like something out of a bad joke, but some very unsettling Google Image searches showed that it may very well be real. It was also featured in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest item

on any menu in the world, but actual evidence of the dish being eaten is suspiciously lacking. I’m sure that there are more productive uses of time and resources than spending an entire day stuffing a camel, but with other strange cuisine under our belts—and there are some pretty weird examples— it really wouldn’t surprise me if it were true.

Columns . 9

December 4, 2012

September 26, 2012

Off the beaten track: Lebanese talent JLP Carla Sertin Staff Writer

If you’re bored of listening to the radio and are looking to discover a local band that plays a wide variety of music, then I’ve got just the thing for you. JLP is a local five-piece band that specializes in bringing the best of pop, rock and the oldies to life. They perform acoustic covers of hit songs, from the tunes of Pink Floyd to Matchbox 20.

The band started playing recreationally after it was formed in 2007, with Boudy Boustany taking lead vocals and Ramzi Ramman on guitar and vocals. As demand for their music grew, the members decided to take the band more seriously, adding Joe Moukbel on bass and Ghassan Bouz and Ziad Ramman on percussion. Since then, JLP has generated a lot of buzz on the Beirut music scene, receiving the Reader’s Choice Award for the Best Local Cover

Readers’ column: Red Rain Deedee Jilani Staff Writer

them home. Her husband, Mark, isn’t so keen on adopting them, The master of and he’s suspicious of children’s horror stories them. Suddenly a series of is back with a new book unexplained events happen, that will chill adults to the and Mark becomes the only bone. R. L. Stine, author suspect. of the Goosebumps series, Lea disappears into her Fear Street series and the own world and is virtually Nightmare Room, has made nonexistent to everyone in a new contribution—a horror her family, and the mystery story for adults: Red Rain. tying the twins to these events slowly begins to unravel. It is evident that R. L. Stine chose a different crowd for this book, but, still, any fan can catch traces of Goosebumps embedded in it. For instance, claiming that “she was teased by her older brothers” and the ghost story about the island are common themes of Goosebumps tales. It was a good story to reminisce on, but Stine’s effort to make it an adult book with the very physical scenes between some of the characters didn’t seem very Source: important until later. Furthermore, making the Red Rain follows the story story a little longer and of traveling journalist/blogger introducing police in it, made Lea Sutter, who takes a trip to it seem more realistic than a South Carolina Island called children’s Goosebumps tales. Cape le Chat Noir (way of the It was thrilling to have black cat). another R. L. Stine book She was there in time to available that can give adults witness the horrible hurricane shivers down their spine and that destroyed the entire make their brains rattle, trying island in 1935. However, after to figure out how any of this is the hurricane, she changed. possible. After witnessing the terrible Stine, the children’s Stephen imagery of dead bodies, King, is now competing with sprawled body parts, damaged King, Goosebumps style. buildings, Lea suddenly “Reader beware, you’re in for encounters two small blonde a scare!” twins appear on the beach. Their sad story of losing their family and house touches her, and she adopts them and takes

Act this year at the TimeOut Beirut Nightlife Awards. Their performances cover all bases, with comfortable settings, a great set list and, the most important part, actual musical talent. They understand what the people want. In Ramman’s words, “people want to have a drink, a conversation and sing along to something they are familiar with.” And their performances give just that. When asked if the band would be creating originals in

the near future, Ramman said, “we are very happy where we are at the moment, and if the time is right for an original, we won’t hinder the process.” He also explained that opportunities for bands creating original music in Lebanon are far and few between. This is an issue that local bands have to face, with very few labels willing to support them. “The sad truth is, you’ll get more recognition abroad than in your hometown,” he

said, adding that this leaves the majority of local bands playing cover songs. JLP plays every Tuesday at the Bronx, every Wednesday at The Angry Monkey and every Thursday at Dany’s Pub. So if you’re looking for something to do, and have a taste for a high-quality acoustic experience, make sure to catch one of their gigs for what promises to be a great time.

Health column: Stay healthy during the colder seasons Zaynab Jaber Staff Writer Winter is almost here, and so is the flu season. If only there was a way to avoid contracting this highly contagious respiratory illness. If only there was a way to avoid catching this virus, which causes fever, coughs, sore throats, runny noses and headaches. But wait, there is! The best way to protect yourself from influenza is to get vaccinated. Vaccinations are still available at University Health Services for 13,000 LL. Note that it takes about two weeks after vaccination for your body to develop an immune response. The vaccine can be 50 to 60 percent effective in preventing influenza-related hospitalization or pneumonia and 80 percent effective in preventing influenza-related death, although the

effectiveness in preventing influenza respiratory illness can be as low as 30 to 40 percent. So, even if the shot doesn’t prevent the flu, it will decrease its severity. The flu can be especially especially for those with weakened immune systems. The flu vaccine can not only protect you, but also protect others by preventing the spread of the virus. The virus can spread when droplets expelled during coughing or sneezing land in the mouths or noses of people nearby. It is also possible to get the flu by contact of a surface that has the flu virus on it and then touching the mouth, the eyes or possibly the nose. Vaccinations are needed every year because the virus is constantly changing. In fact, new strains of the flu virus appear each year. It has also been shown that the body’s immunity to the flu


virus declines over time. This is why getting vaccinated each year provides the best protection against influenza throughout the flu season. Also, as we are in the midst of stress and midterms, it is crucial to keep our immune systems going strong by resting, practicing good hygiene and keeping a healthy diet. Greasy fries won’t cut it. Squeeze in some citrus fruits to increase immune system activity. Yogurt containing probiotics are linked to shortening a cold or flu by almost two days. Glutathione and other antioxidants present in watermelon, broccoli, collard greens, kale and cabbage (as well as other cruciferous veggies) will help fight an infection. Green tea is a power food filled with antioxidants and anti-inflammatories. Stay healthy this season and don’t let the flu virus make your body its home.

10 . Arts and Culture

December 4, 2012

September 26, 2012

Hamra personality of the week: Antoun Nour Turkmani Staff Writer

In the ever-changing streets of Hamra, it has become a rarity to find a place as old as Antoun’s Music store. Located in Sadat Street, this store holds incredible history and genuineness. “I was born into a house where music was the first language,” said shop owner Antoun, who added to the store’s mystery be preferring to eschew his family name. Antoun spent his childhood in Palestine. Years later in 1957, he moved to Lebanon and opened the store. The store consists of musical instruments of all sorts, ranging from grandiose pianos to the

traditional oud. In his early years, his main job was fixing pianos, and he was known by all the Europeans of the time as the “piano technician.” Not only did Antoun fix pianos, but he also built some that are still in his store today. With time, he started selling records and became renowned in most of Beirut, especially among the foreigners at the time. Today, Antoun focuses his work more on teaching music. In collaboration with other teachers, his store has become something of a miniature music school. Antoun reflected on his experience with all the wars, the postwar era and the breakthroughs of modernization

in Hamra. He firmly believes that Hamra today is nothing compared to Hamra of the past. “The quality of people has changed,” he said. “My customers from the ‘70s and ‘80s were decent. Today, most of them lack manners.” Despite other job opportunities presented to him in the past, Antoun chose to stay in Hamra. According to him, the store has become synonymous with his life and he has promised himself that he will work there till he no longer can. His message to people out there is simple. “Music is not only playing of musical instruments or listening to your favorite song,” he said. “Music implements

discipline, happiness and serenity in a person’s very soul. Music is a culture.” After his message, Antoun offered to play a song for Fairouz on the oud. The beautiful

Photo credit: Nour Turkmani

Backyard Café: Garden Restaurant and Hidden Haven Elena Grissom Staff Writer

Every year in Beirut, the variety of unique and creative restaurants increases as innovative managers think of new styles and recipes to set themselves apart. The problem is, how does one find these new restaurants? Backyard Café is within five minutes of AUB, yet very few students or faculty members know about it. Located just up the street from Second Cup and Socrate, the cafe is one of the coziest restaurants

in Hamra, with its unique outdoor garden lounge, cushioned wicker chairs and soft music drifting from speakers hung in trees. When customers first step on the grass turf covering the outdoor garden, they feel a calming sense of simplicity. “The owner wanted to create as natural and comfortable a setting as possible,” said restaurant manager Abdo Traud. “So nothing you see is fancy or too formal. We also purposely did not set up TV screens, to encourage an atmosphere of conversation.”

A glance at the menu reveals Backyard’s choice of food is as unique as its setting, as it offers Italian, American, and Lebanese food with a twist. Its starters include the must-have guacamole shrimp, cheesy mozzarella sticks, and New Style Hommos, a traditional dish mixed with radish, mint, paprika, and topped with an osmaliye tart. In addition, the variety of salads, from its fruity tuna salad to its exotic panache, satisfies all taste preferences and is a refreshing change to the all-toocommon choices of Caesar

Album Review: Deftones - Koi No Yokan Richard Le Vay Staff Writer

Okay, so your bassist and founding member, Chi Cheng, is in a coma and most people seem to assume you split up in early 2000s. It’s pretty reasonable to assume that your seventh studio album isn’t exactly set up to be a classic. Yet Deftones, who have been playing music together since 1988, have nearly managed to scale the heights of 2000’s “White Pony,” when the alt-rock scene was thriving. If you like your music monstrous, then nothing in 2012 will come close to “Koi

Source: www. No Yokan,” a Japanese proverb equating roughly to “love at first sight.” On the first listen-through one could be forgiven for not noticing the

lyrics, which are downright soppy at times, for the crush ing landslide of guitar and guttural delivery. Too many albums these days

music that came out from this authentic and traditional instrument was almost as transcendent as Antoun and his store.

and house salads. A fine selection of unique choices of main meals makes up for an absence of a sandwich section from the menu. The New Orleans steak and Chicken Pomodoro are recommended meals, as well as one of the most delicious meals this reporter has ever had: Tortellini Con Pesto Al Pollo. Also, a list of seven choices of burgers offers both classic choices and unusual ones, such as the spicy Cajun chicken burger. A special addition to Backyard Café is its weekly plat du jour, which in-

cludes the main meal, a salad, and a drink for only 12,000 LL. Though slightly pricy, all portions are more than filling and most can be easily shared by two. Students receive a 10 percent discount, so make sure to remind your waiter about it. For those of you whose taste buds are craving something other than a burger from Roadster or a sandwich from Zaartar W Zeit, Backyard Café is a welcome and refreshing change.

seem to insist upon a pretentious, atmospheric build-up track to start things off, making opener “Swerve City” all the more satisfying for getting straight down to business with a thunderous metal riff interwoven with flowing bass melodies. Lead single “Leathers” is classic Deftones, angry yet emotive and melancholic, culminating in frontman Chino Moreno imploring listeners to, “Wear your insides, on the outside / Show your enemy, what you look like.” Again, refreshing is the key word here: it is a pleasure to hear a band still doing what they do best—and doing it

well—as opposed to insisting upon taking things in a “bold new direction” a la Muse or disciple Josh Homme. The songs remain intricately written and masterfully pulled off. As the album nears its end with the almost David Lynchesque ambience that bookends “Rosemary” and “Goon Squad,” anyone who has ever graced a moshpit and enjoyed themselves will have been sucked in. Sometimes a complete re-imagination can be fun, but the slow, subtle evo lution of the Deftones sound since 1995 debut “Adrenaline” remains a source of comfort in a rather timorous contemporary rock scene.

November 27, 2012

Entertainment . 11

September 26, 2012


The Devilish Six

Source: A man wanted to enter an exclusive club but did not know the password that was required. He waited by the door and listened. A club member knocked on the door and the doorman said “twelve.” The member replied “six “ and was let in. A second member came to the door and the doorman said “six.” The member replied “three” and was let in. The man thought he had heard enough and walked up to the door. The doorman said “ten” and the man replied “five.” but he was not let in. What should have he said?

Nour Shurbaji Staff Writer So my book said: “If you’re not in defiance against anyone..” How can a Lebanese not be? The children of Qana Along with their mothers

Answer: Three. The doorman lets in those who answer with the number of letters in the word the doorman says.

Sought for the UN center as a shelter

A man was at a bar feeling poor he sees a rich man take 50's out his pocket to pay the cashier.The poor man says to the rich man "I know all the songs known to man." The rich man laughed and said,"I bet you all the money in my pocket that you can't sing a song with my daughter's name in it, Sarah Lee Greyson." The poor man went home rich and the rich man went home poor. What song did the man sing?

I guess they should have mastered

Answer: Happy Birthday!

Sudoku Source:

Yet, the innocent terrorists all got slaughtered; “ Hide and Seek”. So my book said: “ Think of a mighty opponent” Mighty? Then I must think again! Balfour Declaration is that “mighty” But never the soldier against an unarmed child. My one and only real defiance Is against that man from the land of cedars Who fought for a blue star with six vertices, Six for Qana 1996, Six for Qana 2006, For the daily number of martyrs Another tens of six, My one and only mighty opponent Is that man from the land of cedars Who sold the green legend For four thousand dollars or for six.

‫‪September 26, 2012‬‬

‫آراء حرة ‪12 .‬‬

‫‪ 4‬كانون األول‪2012 ،‬‬

‫م�ساء اخلري يا وطن‬ ‫محمد مهدي شمس الدين‬ ‫خمس عشرة سنة كانت حرق ًة‬ ‫على قلوب اخلاسرين فيها فما‬ ‫استطاعوا كتمها هذه السنة‪.‬‬ ‫وعلى خالف السنني السابقة‬ ‫التي كانت تنتهي فيها حماسة‬ ‫االنتخابات صباح اليوم التالي‬ ‫لها‪ ،‬ظلت نشوة االنتصار الذي‬ ‫لطاملا حلموا به أسبوعا ً (على‬ ‫يوم من عيد‬ ‫األقل) فأعلنوها قبل ٍ‬ ‫االستقالل‪ ،‬وانتظروا العلم حتى‬ ‫رُفع أمام “الوست هول” ليضربوا‬ ‫بعرض احلائط كل ما يعنيه ذلك‬ ‫من وحد ٍة بني مختلف األطراف‬ ‫في الوطن‪.‬‬ ‫نزل بعض الشبان املنتشني‬ ‫باالنتصار إلى مبنى كلية‬ ‫الهندسة في اجلامعة حيث قرروا‬ ‫روح رياضية ‪ -‬أن يحتفلوا‬ ‫ وبكل ٍ‬‫بهذا النصر (مرة ثانية)‪،‬‬ ‫ويعرف كلُّ اللبنانيني ما له من‬ ‫دالل ٍة غير بريئة (على عكس ما‬ ‫قيل) ومدى بعده عن املواطنة‬

‫وتقبل الشريك في الوطن‪...‬‬ ‫ت عدة‪:‬‬ ‫تركني هذا أمام تساؤال ٍ‬ ‫أوال‪ ،‬في أية خان ٍة نضع هذا‬ ‫العمل خصوصا ً وأنه (على األقل‬ ‫خالل فترة تواجدي في اجلامعة)‬ ‫لم أر تصرفا ً مماثال ً من الطرف‬ ‫اآلخر؟‬ ‫ثانيا‪ ،‬إن كنا نرغب في تطوير‬ ‫وطننا والنهوض به‪ ،‬كيف لنا أن‬ ‫نأمل من هذا الشباب أن يحدث‬ ‫الفرق في املستقبل؟‬ ‫أخيرا‪ ،‬إن كان هذا حالنا نحن‬ ‫اجليل املولود بعد انتهاء احلرب‬ ‫األهلية‪ ،‬فأين االختالف في النهج‬ ‫عمن سبق؟‬ ‫وفي اخلتام ال أجد كلمة تالئم‬ ‫حالنا أكثر من “تصبحون على‬ ‫وطن”‪...‬‬

‫�سوف تغفو بعد قليل‬

‫تلميذ اجلامعة الأمريكية يف بريوت‪ ...‬يعاين!‬ ‫رائف بيضاوي‬ ‫إذا وضعنا هم الدروس و‬ ‫اإلمتحانات الذي ال تنتهي‬ ‫عجنب‪ ،‬و همو كيف امرار ما‬ ‫بيقدر يلحق صفو من ورا عجقة‬ ‫بلدنا الفظيع‪ .‬بيطلعلو هم كل‬ ‫أول فصل من السنه اجلامعية‪..‬‬ ‫بعتقد فهمتو عن شو عم‬ ‫بحكي !!‬ ‫هيدي قصة انتخابات مجلس‬ ‫الطلبة يلي صارت‪..‬بعدكن‬ ‫مصدقينا ؟ إنو هل فريقني تعون‬ ‫شهر الثالث كتير مهتمني فيكن‬ ‫حلتى يبلشو يقنعو فيكن قبل‬ ‫بشهر !؟ أو انتو راضيني كيف‬ ‫أخدين أرقام اخلاصة بكم !؟‬ ‫لن ندخل في كالم سياسي‬ ‫ألنو ما أخدين وج كتير عبعض‬ ‫وفي صبية منعتنا من أول‬ ‫الطريق ناخد راحتنا ‪ ،‬بس يلي‬ ‫الزم ننتبهلو إنو مش كل فريق‬ ‫نزل مرشحة حلوه الزم نصوتال‬ ‫!!ومش كل مرشح بيقرب شي‬ ‫زعيم يعني بكون مالك!! ومش‬ ‫يعني تلفن مسؤل من مسؤلني‬

‫يستديرون وينامون‪ ..‬وكلّ شيء‬ ‫على ما يرام‪ .‬ملاذا يغفو األطفال؟‬ ‫رمبا ليقولوا لنا نحن الكبار بأن‬ ‫كل شيء سيصبح على ما يرام‪.‬‬ ‫هدوء تام‪ ،‬وجسد مستلقي‪ .‬ال‬ ‫حاجة إلى اكتشافات جديدة‪ ،‬أو‬ ‫اختراعات كونية‪ .‬كانت صغيرة‬ ‫جدا ً والكون فسيح‪ .‬كانت‬ ‫قصيرة في الزمن‪ ،‬حياتها ال‬ ‫تتعدى إغفاءة بعد يوم متعب‪،‬‬ ‫صمت وهدوء تام‪.‬‬ ‫مالك مكي‬ ‫والزمن أيام كثيرة‪...‬‬ ‫ستغفو بعد قليل كالطيور‬ ‫تتصور نفسها‪ ،‬بعد خمسني‬ ‫هدوء تام‪ ,‬جسد مستلقي وغطاء املهاجرة حني تستريح أو‬ ‫عاما‪ ،‬سيدة عجوز‪ ،‬شعرها‬ ‫دافئ‪ ،‬وسكاكر على جنب السرير كالكائنات التي ستنقرض بعد‬ ‫حتضر نفسها مساء‬ ‫أبيض‪ّ .‬‬ ‫وبيت قدمي‪ .‬يبكي ابن اجليران‬ ‫حني‪ .‬سوف تترك في اخلارج‪ ،‬فوق السبت حلضور أمسية‬ ‫الغطاء‪ ،‬كلمات كثيرة وحوارات‬ ‫فتنتبه إلى أن اخلارج موجود‪،‬‬ ‫موسيقية‪ .‬تختار مقعدها‬ ‫الصمت‬ ‫تفضل‬ ‫فهي‬ ‫وسجاالت‪،‬‬ ‫الشارع‪.‬‬ ‫وإلى أن حيوات تدور في‬ ‫وتنصت مبتسمة‪ .‬سوف تشتري‬ ‫وتكره ثرثرة الكالم‪ .‬في البدء‬ ‫مت ّد رجليها فاحلياة ال تتسع‬ ‫تلك السيدة الفاكهة واخلضار‬ ‫في رأسها‪ .‬رأسها صغير وهي‬ ‫األطفال صامتون‪ ،‬ويتوقف املوتى في الصباح‪ ،‬وسوف تواظب على‬ ‫بحاجة دائما ً إلى حلول عملية‬ ‫عن الكالم في نهاية املشوار‪ .‬هي طهي املأكوالت‪ ،‬وستردد دائما “إن‬ ‫جتد بواسطتها مكانا ً ملموسا ً‬ ‫مقتنعة جدا بأن احلياة مشوار‪،‬‬ ‫احلياة جميلة‪.”..‬‬ ‫حلياتها‪ .‬يفصل الغطاء اجلسد‬ ‫تتأمل جيدا ما يدور حولها‪ ،‬تبحث تغفو السيدة‪ ،‬بعد خمسني‬ ‫وتتساءل غير أنها سوف تغفو‬ ‫عن اخلارج‪ .‬في اخلارج أصوات‬ ‫عاما‪ ،‬تضع غطاءا على نفسها‬ ‫وضجيج وزحمة طرق‪ ،‬في الداخل بعد قليل مثل األطفال حني‬ ‫خوفا من أن يسرق الليل اجلسد‪.‬‬

‫بس حتيتنا بهيك نهار لعمال‬ ‫شهر تالتي الزم دغري نركض‬ ‫هذه اجلامعة‪...‬حدا من هل تالميذ‬ ‫وجنتمع معن !!” بالنهاية تلفن‬ ‫بفكر فني قديش بيتعبو ليحضرو‬ ‫عياش بس ما ضروري ال نتوقعو‬ ‫وال ننطرو” !!بس الحظ يا تلميذنا لهيك سخافه(مع إنو لألسف‬ ‫‪ ،‬األخضر ببوس باألبيض ‪ ،‬واألحمر الزم يكون حق إنتخابي حر)!!‬ ‫بيمدح باألزرق وبيتفق مع األصفر‪،‬‬ ‫طيب انسو التحضيرات ‪ ،‬هول‬ ‫ومزيج ألوان فيكن تفهموها‬ ‫الورق يلي بينكبو باألرض من أول‬ ‫بشي صف “‪!!“ fine arts‬‬ ‫النهار‪ ،‬وملا يخلص الفرز بتفكر‬ ‫مناشير نزلت علينا‪ ،‬بس هي ما‬ ‫حتول تلميذنا النجيب ‪ ،‬لنجيب‬ ‫شي‪ ،‬بس جهل وزيادة ورق للعمال‬ ‫عنجد ‪ ،‬ونأى بنفسو عن هل‬ ‫بيتعبو بتنضيفن!!حدا قال كلمة‬ ‫إنتخابات هيدي السنه ‪( ،‬بس‬ ‫شكر؟ حدا ساعد؟ كمان أل !! بس‬ ‫مش كتير ما تشدو إيدكن)!!‬ ‫خناقة عمني ربح ‪،‬وخطط لتزبيط‬ ‫املستقلني حلسم الكذبه‪،‬‬ ‫ولكن إنخفضت نسبة اإلقتراع‬ ‫في جميع الكليات ‪ ،‬إختراق أكثر‬ ‫وعتاب مني شطب مني!! تلميذنا‬ ‫ملرشحني مستقلني (على أمل‬ ‫النجيب الزمو وعي أكتر من هيك‬ ‫مستقلني) ‪،‬نسبة املشاركة في‬ ‫بقلب اجلامعات لنبلش نحسو‬ ‫فرز األصوات تضاءلت مع إنو ما‬ ‫جاهز لينتخب ويقرر مصير البلد!‬ ‫كان في ال شمس وال شتى(يال‬ ‫شلح اجلاكيت) يا ريت بتكفو‬ ‫بهل معروف وبتنتخبو رئيس لهل على كل حال‪ ،‬ما فينا نطول كتير‬ ‫ألنو هيي زيتا الصبية قلتلي ما‬ ‫مجلس الطلبة‪ ،‬مستقل‪ ،‬حر‪،‬‬ ‫مش تابع لشي لون‪ ،‬وبيقدر يعمل تتعدى الـ‪ ..٤٠٠‬تكرم عينك !!‬ ‫شي قرار بإسمنا وبفيدنا‪ ،‬مش‬ ‫بس ينبسط يتصور باجلامعة‬ ‫كأنو راجع من البيرو !!‬

‫ملاذا نغطي أنفسنا في الليل؟‬ ‫هل قالت إحدى اجلدات ذات مرة‬ ‫إن الليل يسرق األجساد؟ ملاذا‬ ‫يختلف اجلسد بني الليل والنهار؟‬ ‫حني يسقط الليل‪ ،‬يتمدد الوقت‪،‬‬ ‫وتنكشف احلياة‪ .‬تصبح حقيقة‪.‬‬ ‫لم حتب يوما ً حقائق معينة‪.‬‬ ‫كانت تفضل الصدق‪ .‬الصدق‬ ‫إنساني أكثر‪ ،‬احلقائق أسطورية‪.‬‬ ‫ال يشك طبيب األسنان يوما بأن‬ ‫ضرسها يؤملها‪ ،‬ال يحتاج األلم‬ ‫إلى إثباتات‪.‬‬ ‫رمبا لم يثبت أحد شيئا مطلقا‬ ‫ودائما‪ ...‬غير أن جدتها تقفل‬ ‫الباب خوفا ً من أن يتسلّل‬ ‫الصوت إلى الغرفة فيؤرق نومها‪.‬‬ ‫حب جدتها مطلق‪ .‬تختار لها‬ ‫جدتها غطاء ملونا ً وسميكا ً‬ ‫إذ حتتاج‪ ،‬في بعض األحيان‪ ،‬إلى‬ ‫غطاء سميك يفصل بني اخلارج‬ ‫والداخل‪.‬‬ ‫في اخلارج‪ ،‬أصوات وضجيج‪ .‬يبكي‬ ‫ابن اجليران‪ ،‬لم يتوقف عن البكاء‬ ‫منذ أن ولد رافضا ً رمبا أن يكون‬

‫قد جاء إلى احلياة من دون خيار‪.‬‬ ‫لم نفكر يوما ً بأن األطفال يبكون‬ ‫لدوافع مختلفة‪ ،‬وال تتشابه‬ ‫البكاءات في حلظة الوالدة‪.‬‬ ‫ولدت منذ فترة‪.‬كانت طفلة‬ ‫عنيدة‪ .‬كبرت منذ فترة‪ ،‬بوتيرة‬ ‫سريعة‪ ،‬أو رمبا بطيئة‪ .‬ال وتيرة‬ ‫واحدة للزمن‪ .‬وفي كل ليلة‪،‬‬ ‫تستلقي على سريرها‪ ،‬وبهدوء‬ ‫تام‪ ،‬تضع نفسها حتت الغطاء‬ ‫وتنام‪ ...‬سوف تغفو بعد قليل‪.‬‬ ‫هذا األربعاء في “ملحق شباب”‪:‬‬ ‫حتت خط الفقر‪ ..‬فوق خطوط‬ ‫التماس‬ ‫آدم شمس الدين‬ ‫مينــــا‬ ‫سحر مندور‬ ‫حني تصير القوانني لعبة‬ ‫مخالفات يومية‬ ‫رامي فليفل‬ ‫املزيد على موقع “شباب السفير”‪:‬‬ ‫‪‬‬

‫‪September 26, 2012‬‬

‫‪ . ١3‬آراء حرة‬

‫‪ 4‬كانون األول‪2012 ،‬‬

‫بانتظا ِر ال ْإعدام‬

‫األنباء واردةٌ ألن ّنا وببساط ٍة نَأوي‬ ‫تتربّع ِوسط املمشى العازل‬ ‫جورج حاصباني‬ ‫انهارت عن ﹶد حافة النّعش خالل‬ ‫ليصبح الرّئيس اللّبناني الثالث‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫فوق‬ ‫غدرت‬ ‫ها‪،‬‬ ‫ت‬ ‫قتل‬ ‫نزانات‪.‬‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بني‬ ‫األرض ال ّتي غُدر ﹶ فيها كلٌّ من القاصي عن توقيع حكم اإلعدام‪ .‬مراسم التشييع‪ .‬هل ننضوي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫نت‬ ‫يَحيوْن في اسوداد الالمحدود‪...‬‬ ‫ميريام وروالند والكثيرون قبلهما‪ .‬جتدر اإلشارة إلى أ ّن عدد احملكومني في البروتوكول االختياري الثّاني‬ ‫به‪ ،‬اغتصب ُتها‪ ،‬نهب ُتهم‪ُ ،‬خ ﹸ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ألأل‬ ‫إسراف‬ ‫ض‬ ‫سيعو‬ ‫من‬ ‫اتهم‪.‬‬ ‫يومي‬ ‫وقائع‬ ‫هذه‬ ‫الوطن‪...‬‬ ‫يُعتقون رُؤياهم إلى األمام‬ ‫ص‬ ‫اخلا‬ ‫الدولي‬ ‫بالعهد‬ ‫لحق‬ ‫امل‬ ‫قارب‬ ‫ي‬ ‫اليوم‬ ‫لبنان‬ ‫في‬ ‫ا‬ ‫إعدام‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫تجُ‬ ‫دموعنا؟ لعلّ حرقة الفؤاد يب‪ :‬السبعني حالةً‪ .‬وكلّ‬ ‫ضيق ٌة‬ ‫ياسية‬ ‫والس‬ ‫للحقوق‬ ‫أولئك‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫يعمرون في ديجورﹺ ُ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫املدنية ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫لتنخ ِزلَ سريعاﹰ‪ ،‬فالزّنزانة ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫العزلة بانتظارِ‬ ‫ُحكم اإلعدام‪.‬‬ ‫جا ّف ٌة إلى حدِّ أن ّها ال تجُ الد البصر‪ .‬تنفيذ أحكام اإلعدام بحقِّ هم‪.‬‬ ‫ينص على إلغاء عقوب ﹺة‬ ‫الذ ّي‬ ‫الظالم وجلم‬ ‫يَتشاطرون دوْس ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫يَستلزم القانون الل‬ ‫اعترافات مبا أّن ّنا لبنانيون‪ ،‬علينا أن نُقاس‬ ‫من هذه الزّنزانة‪ ،‬تتسلّل‬ ‫السلم؟‬ ‫ّبناني املُفترض سهام االتّهامات‪ .‬كلّ أولئك‬ ‫اإلعدام متاما في أزمان ّ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫توقي ﹶع رئيس اجلمهوريّة كبادر ٍة‬ ‫عذاب الكارثة بني فين ٍة وأُخرى‪.‬‬ ‫ﹰ‪.‬‬ ‫ة‬ ‫حافي‬ ‫موع‬ ‫األسف تَتق ّد ُمها ال ّد‬ ‫هل ننضوي ونتناسى الد ّم املُراق‬ ‫يعبثون بلعبﹺ بطولة سلسلة‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫البارحة استدمعنا على محنة‬ ‫جدران‬ ‫وان اإلعدام في قدر احلياة وحلوكة ال ّدهر الع ّداء‪ .‬و اللّجب املتناثر على‬ ‫ومن الزّنزان ِة اجملاورة‪ ،‬يَعتو ذُعر ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫إلزامي ٍة لتنفيذ َه ِ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫فّ‬ ‫كم‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫العاقبة‪،‬‬ ‫وفي‬ ‫لبنان‪.‬‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ال‬ ‫األشقر‬ ‫ميريام‬ ‫شمس‬ ‫غروب‬ ‫ضحك ِة االنتصار واالنتقام‬ ‫مفصلي ٌة‬ ‫ة‬ ‫نقط‬ ‫ّها‬ ‫ن‬ ‫إ‬ ‫األشالء؟‬ ‫سبعون‬ ‫اليوم‬ ‫لبنان‬ ‫في‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫ا‬ ‫إذ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫اإلعدام في لبنان منذ َحقبة‬ ‫قتلها ناطور ُ ال ّدير في ساع ٍة‬ ‫فيراق كأس اإلجرام‪.‬‬ ‫ضالّ ٌة أخرى تُشبه إلتباس هذا‬ ‫شاكلة تُعانق الفرا ﹶغ وتتخ ّبط‬ ‫والنّشوة‪ُ ،‬‬ ‫ً‪.‬‬ ‫ة‬ ‫مر‬ ‫‪53‬‬ ‫اليوم‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ت‬ ‫وح‬ ‫االستقالل‬ ‫ب‬ ‫للتقر‬ ‫ير‬ ‫د‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫قصدت‬ ‫الوطن‪...‬‬ ‫قاس‪.‬‬ ‫ب‬ ‫وغض‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ي‬ ‫متر‬ ‫توقيع‬ ‫بني‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ٍ ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫اخلوري‬ ‫بشارة‬ ‫ئيس‬ ‫الر‬ ‫عهد‬ ‫ن‬ ‫وكا‬ ‫إضافي ًة‬ ‫خارجاً‪ ،‬تَتدفّق األحاديث املتباينة‬ ‫إلى وجه اهلل خطوةً‬ ‫ونهبهم فرصة‬ ‫عنهم‬ ‫نعفو‬ ‫هل‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫فرماها الناطور بثاني ٍة واحد ٍة إلى األكثر فيضانا ً من حيث تنفي ِذ‬ ‫املسيسة‪ِ .‬من الناس‪،‬‬ ‫واألحكام‬ ‫وحيرةٌ وخاطر ٌ بعي ُد‬ ‫حيا ٍة أُخرى؟ إذاﹰ‪ ،‬لقد حا َن أوان‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫تساؤالت ْ‬ ‫حضن اهلل مباشرةً‪ .‬اليوم‪ ،‬نتر ّحم ُحكم اإلعدام مبجموع عشرين‬ ‫الوحشية‬ ‫َمن يَنعتهم بصفات‬ ‫جموح‬ ‫بقدح‬ ‫اقتناصنا! هل نُعيمهم‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ليشرط هدير ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫املدى َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫صفّ‬ ‫يأتي‬ ‫الروح‪.‬‬ ‫عنق‬ ‫عن‬ ‫قصي‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رأس‬ ‫به‬ ‫َتك‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ّي‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫شبير‬ ‫روالند‬ ‫على‬ ‫ببريع‬ ‫اإلعدام‬ ‫ويرجو إمتام أحكام‬ ‫املروحيات العسكريّة عُ مق‬ ‫يهم؟‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫لمهم‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫خمرة‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫عقبه الرّئيس الياس الهراوي‬ ‫بدافع ال يَحذقه‬ ‫س أصدقائه‬ ‫العجلَة ليرو ظمأ املُقل ويَشف‬ ‫تفكيرنا فنوق ُن حي َنها بأ ّن‬ ‫أنفَ ُ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫عملي ِة‬ ‫عشرة‬ ‫أربعة‬ ‫مبجموع‬ ‫به‬ ‫شتبه‬ ‫وامل‬ ‫حية‬ ‫الض‬ ‫سوى‬ ‫الناس‪،‬‬ ‫ومن‬ ‫احملكومني فرّوا ِخلس ًة م ﹶن‬ ‫إذاﹰ‪ ،‬قد خالفنا شرائع ال ّدين‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫جروحا ﹰ قاحت وجعاً‪ِ .‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫نجَ‬ ‫أما الرّئيسني‬ ‫تصفي ٍة‬ ‫هلل يُدرك هويّة‬ ‫خطوا‬ ‫سياسي ٍة حقير ٍة‪.‬‬ ‫لدواع‬ ‫االعتقال‬ ‫واإلنسانية! ماذا ُبل بهم؟ ها‬ ‫َمن يَعتبر هؤالء أبطاال ً ّ‬ ‫نفسهما‪ .‬غدا‪ ،‬ا ﹸ‬ ‫إعدامي ٍة‪ّ .‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ستأنف ال ّتعداد وصوال ً‬ ‫سركيس‬ ‫والياس‬ ‫احللو‬ ‫شارل‬ ‫صطفى‬ ‫أ‬ ‫س‬ ‫رمبا‬ ‫رتقبة‪.‬‬ ‫امل‬ ‫حية‬ ‫الض‬ ‫ماء‪.‬‬ ‫أُبّهة املستقبل بحب ﹺر ال ّد‬ ‫لسماع‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ر‬ ‫يتض‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ج‬ ‫الس‬ ‫هو‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫حينذاك‪ ،‬ن َ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫إلى الواح ﹺد والسبعني محكوما ً‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫عمال الورشة احملاذية‪ ...‬فلم يُجيزوا حلب ﹺر أقالمهما‬ ‫فيحصون الذكريات‬ ‫محكوم عليه آخر‬ ‫بخط خطوات‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أنا على ي ﹺد ّ‬ ‫أما هم‪ُ ،‬‬ ‫أوراق‬ ‫ة‬ ‫خشون‬ ‫على‬ ‫تواقيعهما‬ ‫ه‬ ‫وال‬ ‫د‬ ‫ي‬ ‫على‬ ‫ت‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ستكونني‬ ‫رمبا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫بالنزو‬ ‫ّسة‬ ‫ن‬ ‫املد‬ ‫واملواقف‬ ‫األليمة‬ ‫فيكرَّر ُ املنوال ثاني ًة وثالث ﹰة‬ ‫عليه‬ ‫رتفع‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫ة‬ ‫جديد‬ ‫ة‬ ‫زنزان‬ ‫باب‬ ‫زعزع‬ ‫لي‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أحكام اإلعدام‪ .‬وعلى ما يبدو‪،‬‬ ‫لك في‬ ‫اإلنسانية ويطوفون بني األفكار‬ ‫ح ّتى تالشي سما ِء القوانني‪.‬‬ ‫احلصيلة إلى واح ٍد وسبعني‬ ‫هشم ِ‬ ‫ت حلم ح ّبه ِ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يخطو الرّئيس احلالي ميشال‬ ‫أنت على‬ ‫ردى‬ ‫ت‬ ‫س‬ ‫رمبا‬ ‫املاضي‪...‬‬ ‫الغائرة باملعاني‪ .‬توب ﹲة أم لذّةﹲ أم‬ ‫محكوما ً عليه وإحدى وسبعني‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫منافس لك في املهنة‪ .‬كلّ‬ ‫خطى وثيق ًة‬ ‫سليمان على‬ ‫ي ﹺد‬ ‫ت‬ ‫أم‬ ‫ثالث خيارا ٍ‬ ‫إعدام ُمقتضى‪ُ :‬‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﹲ‬ ‫ضحي ٍة وإحدى وسبعني ٍّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ً‬

‫اعت�صام غ ّزة ‪� :‬ضربني وبكى ‪� ..‬سبقني وا�شتكى‬

‫فاقدا ً لالنسجام إذ أن بعض‬ ‫رنا حربي‬ ‫الشعارات الفلسطينية كانت‬ ‫“مسيسة” ‪ ،‬ولذلك اعتبروا ذلك‬ ‫بالرغم من عدم رغبتي في‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫تبريرا ً ألفعالهم‪ .‬بل ذهبوا أبعد‬ ‫احلديث عن اخلالف الذي وقع‬ ‫من ذلك بالقول أن االعتصام كان‬ ‫نتيجة إدخال البعض الشأن‬ ‫عن “غزة” وليس عن “فلسطني”‬ ‫السوري في اعتصام أصرينا‬ ‫أو “املقاومة” و قد دعَّموا كالمهم‬ ‫ُمسبقا ً أن يكون مقتصرا ً على‬ ‫بأن منظمي االعتصام لم يشيروا‬ ‫غزة‪ .‬وذلك كي ال أسمح لذلك‬ ‫للقضية الفلسطينية و إمنا‬ ‫بأن يشيح النظر عن القضية‬ ‫أشاروا “العتصام ألجل غزة”‬ ‫األساسية‪ ،‬إال أن البعض ممن‬ ‫أخلوا باالتفاق تهافتوا على مواقع ولذلك أي هتافات عن “املقاومة”‬ ‫أو القضية الفلسطينية هي‬ ‫التواصل االجتماعي واألوتلوك‬ ‫هتافات خارجة عن موضوع‬ ‫لكتابة الروايات عن ما أسموه‬ ‫االعتصام‪.‬‬ ‫“االعتداء” و”الضرب” و”السرقة”‬ ‫الذي ادّعوا ال ّتعرض له‪ ،‬كأنهم‬ ‫أوالً‪ ،‬إن من يفرق بني “غزة”‬ ‫الضحية‪ ،‬في حني أن احلقيقة‬ ‫هي أ ّن غزة هي ضحية اعتدائهم و”فلسطني” هو كمن يفرق‬ ‫القلب عن اجلسد‪ .‬فلسطني هي‬ ‫على اعتصام مخصص لها‬ ‫فلسطني كما رسمتها اجلغرافيا‬ ‫ولشهدائها و أطفالها‪.‬‬ ‫والتاريخ وغزة ليست سوى‬ ‫قطعة من أرضها وتضامننا مع‬ ‫ال شك أن رفع الالفتات‬ ‫قسم يشمل تضامننا مع الكل‪.‬‬ ‫التضامنية مع فريق سوري هو‬ ‫تضمنت ومن أراد أن يفرق بني اإلثنتني‬ ‫خطأ قانوني‪ ،‬فكيف إذا ّ‬ ‫باعتبار أن غزة فوق اإلحتالل‬ ‫بعض اإلساءات (فمثالً‪ :‬القاتل‬ ‫املمانع)؟ عبارات مثل هذه جعلت بخالف باقي املناطق التي هي‬ ‫حتت اإلحتالل‪ ،‬يكون بطريقة‬ ‫اعتصام غزة محض متاجرة‬ ‫غير مباشرة يرسم احلدود بني ما‬ ‫سياسية من قبل من استغل‬ ‫هو تابع “إلسرائيل” وما هو تابع‬ ‫وجود احلشود الطالبية إلرسال‬ ‫“لفلسطني” وبذلك يكون قد‬ ‫وقضيتها‬ ‫رسائل ال متت لغزة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اعترف بوجود “إسرائيل” أصالً‪ ،‬مما‬ ‫بصلة على حد رأي‪.‬‬ ‫يتعارض ليس فقط مع القانون‬ ‫اعتبر البعض أن االعتصام كان‬

‫األخالقي بل أيضا ً مع القانون‬ ‫اللبناني الذي ال يعترف بهذا‬ ‫الكيان ‪.‬‬

‫أما في ما يخص املقاومة‪ ،‬فال‬ ‫ننكر وجود آراء مختلفة حول‬ ‫طريقة التصدي للعدوان ‪،‬‬ ‫سلميا ً أو عبر املقاومة املسلّحة‪،‬‬ ‫إال أن التعبير عن ذلك يبقى‬ ‫ضمن إطار االعتصام‪ .‬طاملا أن‬ ‫محط االختالف متعلق بغزة فال‬ ‫مشكلة في وجود أراء متنوعة‬ ‫وهذا طبيعي‪ ،‬بل من السذاجة‬ ‫أن نظن أننا نستطيع أن نوحد‬ ‫أراء طالب جامعيني حول كل ما‬ ‫يتعلق بالقضية الفلسطينية‪.‬‬ ‫املسمى”حرية” في‬ ‫إن دعاة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫سوريا‪ ،‬برروا موقفهم بالقول‬ ‫أن غزة أخت للمدن السورية و‬ ‫اخمليمات الفلسطينية في سوريا‬ ‫وأنا أوافقهم برؤيتهم هذه ‪.100%‬‬ ‫بل أذهب أبعد من ذلك بالقول‬ ‫أخت لكثير من املدن و‬ ‫أن غزة ٌ‬ ‫لكثير من مخيمات الالجئني‬ ‫الفلسطينيني في العالم العربي‪.‬‬ ‫فأنا أرى غزة أختا ً للبحرين‬ ‫ولكنني لم أهتف للحرية في‬ ‫البحرين و ال حملت الفتات ضد‬ ‫“احلاكم القاتل” في البحرين علما ً‬ ‫أن هناك شهداء في البحرين‬ ‫استشهدوا بالتزامن مع شهداء‬

‫غزة و كذلك في مسيرات مؤيدة‬ ‫لغزة بعدما قمعها النظام‪ ،‬وال‬ ‫صديقي األردني هتف للحرية في‬ ‫األردن‪ ،‬وال الطالب املصري هتف‬ ‫للحرية في مصر وحمل الفتات‬ ‫ضد من لم يضرب اتفاقية كامب‬ ‫ديفيد بعرض احلائط ‪ ،‬وال الطالب‬ ‫التونسي هتف للحرية في‬ ‫تونس (علما ً أن الثورات كلها ما‬ ‫زالت مستمرة )‪ ...‬نح ُن احترمنا‬ ‫قدسية هذا االعتصام‪ .‬فغزة‬ ‫ليست ثورة من “ثورات الربيع‬ ‫العربي”‪ ،‬وكيف تكون كذلك إذ‬ ‫لم تر ال الربيع وال العرب منذ‬ ‫سنني؟‬

‫إن إدخال الشأن السوري في‬ ‫االعتصام لم يكن حدثا ً عفويا ً‬ ‫أو نتيجة تدفق مشاعر لم‬ ‫يستطع بعضهم كبتها‪ ،‬إذ‬ ‫أنهم جاؤوا حاملني اخلطة في‬ ‫عقولهم وحاضرين لتنفيذها‬ ‫على الفتاتهم وأعالمهم‪ .‬منذ‬ ‫اللحظة األولى‪ ،‬توجهت إلى‬ ‫أحد احلاملني الفتة من الفتات‬ ‫“القاتل املمانع” وطلبت منه أن‬ ‫يسقطها حتى ال يقع إشكال‪.‬‬ ‫بعد االستفزاز املتكرر من‬ ‫عدة أشخاص وبعد رفضهم‬ ‫حتى لسماعنا(كقول أحدهم‬ ‫اسكتي)‪ ،‬وقع اإلشكال الذي جاء‬

‫نتيجة موقف‪ .‬فنعم‪ ،‬من اعتدى‬ ‫على االعتصام ومتسك بحقه في‬ ‫االعتداء هو البادئ األظلم‪ ،‬وهو‬ ‫حول الوقفة التضامنية إلى‬ ‫من ّ‬ ‫ساحة تضارب وتبادل اتهامات‪.‬‬ ‫في اخلامتة‪ ،‬أهنئ الشعب‬ ‫الفلسطيني بهذا االنتصار الذي‬ ‫لم يكن ليتحقق لوال صمود‬ ‫الشعب‪ ،‬وبسالة املقاومة التي‬ ‫استطاعت بعد سنني من اجلهد‬ ‫أن تفرض شروطها على من‬ ‫اغتصب األرض والعرض‪.‬‬

‫‪September 26, 2012‬‬

‫‪ 4‬كانون األول‪2012 ،‬‬

‫فيليب �سامل ‪ :‬الثائر والعامل والإن�ساين‬

‫حاوره‪ :‬هيذر جابر ومدى ال ّدبس‬ ‫رجلٌ أخذ َ من ُه املشيب لونا ً فقط‬ ‫وأعطا ُه هيب ٌة وهال ٌة انسانية‬ ‫محيا ُه سالما ً‬ ‫دافئة‪ ،‬تقرأ على‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫داخليا ً‬ ‫ورضى عن حيا ِة مزدحم ٍة‬ ‫َ‬ ‫باالجنازات‪ .‬شاركنا نهار اخلميس‬ ‫الفائت وجبة الفطور في أوتيل‬ ‫جيفينور‪ -‬روتانا‪،‬حيث تهافت‬ ‫عليه العديد من نزّال الفندق‬ ‫السالم فيما انشغل هاتفه‬ ‫اللقاء ّ‬ ‫الصبح االولى‬ ‫ساعات‬ ‫منذ‬ ‫اخلَلَوي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫باالتصاالت واالستشارات‪ ،‬وقد‬ ‫ختم يومه بحلقة تلفزيونية مع‬ ‫“كالم النّاس”‪.‬‬

‫بيب‬ ‫هو الدكتور فيليب سالم‪ّ ،‬‬ ‫الط ُ‬ ‫والباحث والكاتب واألستاذ‬ ‫اجلامعي واملستشار الدولي‪ ،‬يحمل‬ ‫اآلن مسؤولية ادارة “ساينت‬ ‫الطليعي في‬ ‫الطبي ّ‬ ‫لوك”‪ ،‬املركز ّ‬ ‫الواليات املتحدة ملعاجلة السرطان‪.‬‬ ‫السبعينات قادَ د‪ .‬سالم‬ ‫في بداية ّ‬ ‫بحثا ً رائدا ً في ابراز دور االلتهاب‬ ‫الذي ينمو ليصبح سرطاناً‪،‬‬ ‫فأضحى بحثه مدرس ًة حالية في‬ ‫الطب احلديث حول العالم‪.‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫تنشر جريدة األوتلوك هذا االسبوع‬ ‫نص املقابلة مع د‪ .‬سالم في‬ ‫قسمي اجلريدة‪ ،‬الاّ ان ّنا نترك‬ ‫املقابلة االخبارية العلمية لقسم‬ ‫اللغة االنكليزية لصعوبة الدقة‬ ‫الطبية‬ ‫في ترجمة املصطلحات ّ‬ ‫والتقنية الى اللغة العربية‪ .‬ونترك‬ ‫لكم مالحظاته العميقة والغنية‬ ‫التي زوّدنا بها د‪ .‬سالم خالل اللقاء‬ ‫الذي أسف في بدايته أن ّنا في‬ ‫القرن الواحد والعشرين مازلنا‬ ‫في لبنان نحدد االنسان بهويته‬ ‫الطائفية‪.‬‬ ‫السؤال ‪ :‬كيف أصبح عالج الوقاية‬ ‫من االلتهاب كعالج للسرطان‬

‫ان�شر الكلمة‪ ...‬مِلَ ْح ِوها!‬

‫جامعية ‪١4 .‬‬ ‫نشاطات‬ ‫ّ‬

‫يكن لدينا من يساعدنا ومن‬ ‫بهذه الشهرة؟‬ ‫ميولنا‪ ،‬تسلحنا باالرادة فقط‪.‬‬ ‫اجلواب ‪ :‬سرطان املعدة هو األكثر‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫نت‬ ‫ومر‬ ‫خرجت‬ ‫ّني‬ ‫ن‬ ‫أ‬ ‫من‬ ‫بالرغم‬ ‫انتشاراً‪ ،‬وهذا ما ساعد على‬ ‫ُ ّ ُ‬ ‫‪ 20‬طبيبا ً يعاجلون اآلن في أفضل‬ ‫نيل جائزة نوبل‪ .‬ا ّن العالج امل ّتبع‬ ‫مراكز السرطان العاملية‪ ،‬لم أد َع‬ ‫السرطان يختلف‬ ‫للوقاية من ّ‬ ‫مرةً واحدة للمشاركة في نشاط‬ ‫حسب نوعه‪ .‬فمعاجلة التهابات‬ ‫جامعي‪ .‬آسف ا ّن الواليات املتحدة‬ ‫املعدة تختلف عن ُطعم الوقاية‬ ‫االميركية رأت في اجنازاتي ما لم‬ ‫من سرطان عنق الرّحم‪ ،‬كما‬ ‫يره ابناء بالدي الذين استهونوا ا ّن‬ ‫يختلف عن ُطعم “هيباتايتوس”‬ ‫لسرطان الكبد‪ %25 .‬من االصابات ابن الكورة اللبنانية يُكّرم ويق ّدر‬ ‫على ارفع املستويات في اميركا‪.‬‬ ‫بالسرطان ناجتة عن االلتهابات‪.‬‬ ‫ا ّن تكرمي رجال األعمال يختلف‬ ‫ولذلك فا ّن الوقاية من االلتهاب‪،‬‬ ‫برأيي عن تكرمي رجال العلم‪ .‬وهنا‬ ‫تقي من السرطان‪.‬‬ ‫لخص جتربتك في خطورة امليزان‪ .‬علينا أن نعمل على‬ ‫السؤال‪ :‬كيف ت ُ ّ‬ ‫تغيير العقلية التي تُفضل تكرمي‬ ‫اجلامعة االميركية في بيروت؟‬ ‫رجل األعمال‪ .‬البالد التي تبدع هي‬ ‫كنت‬ ‫اجلواب ‪:‬عام ‪ 1971‬عندما‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫تلك التي تكّرم رجل العلم ودوره‬ ‫طبيبا ً مقيما ً في اجلامعة‬ ‫ً‬ ‫في اجملتمع‪ 16 .‬عاما في اجلامعة‬ ‫األميركية في بيروت‪ ،‬لم نكن‬ ‫االميركية في بيروت ولم نلتق يوما ً‬ ‫نتلقى من االدارة الدعم للقيام‬ ‫ببحوثنا‪ .‬اجلامعة كانت في صلبها لنتفق على استراتيجية للبحوث‪.‬‬ ‫كي تصمد اجلامعة عليها بالدرجة‬ ‫ض ّد نشاطنا في البحث العلمي‪.‬‬ ‫االولى أن تتبنى البحوث‪ ،‬هذا هو‬ ‫واألرجح ان ّها مازالت كذلك ال ّن‬ ‫كتبت طريق االمتياز‪.‬‬ ‫البحث العلمي يهدد الواقع‪.‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫السؤال ‪ :‬هل ساعدتكم جذوركم‬ ‫في أهم منشورات العالم عن‬ ‫املشرقية في الواليات املتحدة؟ ومبَ؟‬ ‫أما اجلامعة األميركية‬ ‫السرطان‪ّ .‬‬ ‫اجلواب‪ :‬حملت من املشرق قيم‬ ‫فلم تب ِد اي اهتمام بأبحاثنا‪ .‬لم‬

‫نورة حمزة‬

‫“رائع”‪“ ،‬ريان”‪”retard”،”rainbow،‬‬ ‫‪”،‬رينوسروس”‪..”responsibility ،‬‬ ‫إنها بعض العبارات التي تخطر‬ ‫على ذهن طالب األميركية عند‬ ‫سماع حرف ال”ر”‪.‬‬ ‫“ما تعني لكم كلمة ال”‪”R‬؟‬ ‫عنوان حملة نادي ال”‪Special‬‬ ‫‪ ”Olympics‬في اجلامعة‬ ‫األميركية في بيروت ‪ ،‬التي‬ ‫جذبت املارين أمام “وست هول”‬ ‫نهار اخلميس املاضي‪ .‬هذا النادي‬ ‫يتبع وميثل مؤسسة ال”‪Special‬‬ ‫‪ ”Olympics‬العاملية التي تتعامل‬ ‫مع األطفال ذوي احلاجات اخلاصة‬ ‫‪ ،‬لكن ذوي إمكانيات جسدية‬ ‫سليمة‪.‬‬

‫خمليلتهم عند رؤية حرف ال”‪.”R‬‬ ‫“‪”Special Olympics Club‬‬ ‫يهدف إلى “نشر” كلمة“ “�‪re‬‬ ‫‪ ”tard‬أي “معوق” من أجل”‬ ‫بالرغم من تواضع مساحة‬ ‫محوها” من اإلستعمال اليومي‬ ‫وحجم التجمع ‪ ،‬متكن أعضاء‬ ‫النادي من احلصول على مشاركة و اخلاطئ لها‪ .‬فالناس ولألسف‪،‬‬ ‫يفتقرون ملعنى الكلمة احلقيقي‬ ‫مهمة من الطالب الذين كانوا‬ ‫يتقدمون و يكتبون أول عبارة تأتي ‪ ،‬فيستخدمونها لنعت اآلخر‬

‫احلب العظيم للعائلة‪ ،‬واالحترام‬ ‫العالي للمدرّس وللمسن‬ ‫قوة‬ ‫وللضعيف‪.‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫حملت معي ّ‬ ‫احلب األكبر‪ .‬وال أظن بتقديري‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫احلب‬ ‫أن االميركي موهوب بهذا ّ‬ ‫الذي منلكه كأبناء هذه املنطقة‪.‬‬ ‫احلب هو سالحنا األقوى ض ّد‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫احلب مبا فيها‬ ‫أنواع‬ ‫كل‬ ‫املرض‪.‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وحب‬ ‫وحب البيت‬ ‫حب القرية‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يغير بيته‬ ‫الوطن‪ .‬فاالميركي مثال ُ ّ‬ ‫كلّ بضع سنوات‪ ،‬ويفتقر ملعنى‬ ‫اجلذور‪ .‬أعترف ان ّنا كنّا أكثر األجيال‬ ‫حظوظا ً في القدرة على دمج‬ ‫األفضل بني ما يحمله املشرق وما‬ ‫يحمله الغرب‪ .‬ا ّن قيم الشجاعة‬ ‫واحلس املرهف والعزمية الذين امتتع‬ ‫بهم هم بذور ّ‬ ‫الشرق‪.‬‬ ‫بهذا ح ّدثنا البروفيسور فيليب‬ ‫سالم‪ .‬لم يكن اللقاء طويال ً وال‬ ‫تفصيليا ً لكنّه كان ملّاحاً‪ .‬أضاء‬ ‫على مفاصل أساسية في حياته‬ ‫األكادميية والبحثية‪ .‬وربمّ ا أراد أن‬ ‫يُضيء لألجيال صفحة احلاضر‬ ‫ح ّتى يكون لهم مستقبل ُمشرق‪،‬‬ ‫بل ربمّ ا “لتكون لهم حياةٌ‪ ،‬وتكون‬ ‫حياةً أفضل”‪.‬‬

‫كل أربع سنوات ‪ ،‬على شاكلة‬ ‫األلعاب األوليمبية املعروفة والتي‬ ‫يتابعها العالم أجمع‪ ،‬وتتضمن‬ ‫مباريات في األلعاب الرياضية‬ ‫اخملتلفة ومنها كرة القدم والسلة‬ ‫والسباحة والركض‪.‬‬

‫بكلمة تعادل الشتيمة!‪.‬‬ ‫وفي حديث مباشر مع رئيس‬ ‫النادي ‪ ،‬سيرين فخرالدين ونائب‬ ‫الرئيس لني برجي‪ ،‬أفادانا أنهم‬ ‫يحاولون ترويج فكرة هذا النادي‬ ‫في ال ‪ AUB‬كونه يشكل ظاهرة‬ ‫مهمة وال يبدو أنه من‬ ‫اجتماعية‬ ‫ّ‬

‫األولويات في بلدنا لبنان‪ .‬وأضافا‬ ‫أن عددا ً قليال ً من الناس يعلمون‬ ‫ببرامجهم‪ .‬وأنهم في سعي‬ ‫لتوضيح موجه للمواطن بشكل‬ ‫عام أن األشخاص ذوي احلاجات‬ ‫اخلاصة يشاركون بنشاطات‬ ‫رياضية تتطلب جهدا ً جسدياً‪.‬‬ ‫و أنه هناك “أوليمبياد” ينظم‬

‫وللمشرفني على احلملة أمنية‬ ‫بأن يبلغ وعي طالب األميركية‬ ‫مستوى إنسانيا ً في التعامل‬ ‫ً‬ ‫مع اآلخر‪ ،‬والتخلي عن النعوت‬ ‫التمييزية لصالح التعبير‬ ‫عن اآلخر باحترام‪ .‬و أن تترجم‬ ‫هذه القناعة مبساهمة طالب‬ ‫األمريكية في نشر الوعي حولها‬ ‫خارج حرم اجلامعة‪.‬‬

‫‪September 26, 2012‬‬

‫جامعية‬ ‫‪ . 15‬نشاطات‬ ‫ّ‬

‫ُ‬ ‫تخطف الأ�ضواء‪...‬‬ ‫جمدد ًا‪� ،‬صور‬

‫نزار عواد‬

‫أحيت اجلامعة األمريكية في‬ ‫بيروت حدثا ً نهار األربعاء الفائت‬ ‫‪ 2012/11/27‬في املتحف األثري‬ ‫للجامعة‪ .‬احتفاال ً باكتشاف‬ ‫أقدم معلم أثري فينيقي في‬ ‫مدينة صور‪.‬فمنذ ‪ 21‬آب ‪2012‬‬ ‫حتى ‪ 23‬أيلول من السنة عينها‪،‬‬ ‫قامت مجموعة من املتحف‬ ‫األثري بقيادة الدكتورة ليلى‬ ‫بدري‪ ،‬مديرة املتحف‪ ،‬و فرقة من‬ ‫‪ 15‬مستكشف من جنسيات‬ ‫مختلفة‪ ،‬بأعمال استكشافية‬ ‫في مدينة صور‪ ،‬وذلك بتمويل من‬ ‫اجلامعة وحتت إشراف و وموافقة‬ ‫وزارة الثقافة بشخص وزيرها‬ ‫غابي ليون‪ .‬وقد أدت جهودهم‬ ‫هذه إلى اكتشاف أقدم معبد‬ ‫فينيقي في املدينة‪ .‬ويشار إلى‬ ‫أن هذا املعبد يعود إلى العهد‬ ‫الفارسي في الفترة الفنيقية‪ ،‬أي‬ ‫حوالي القرن اخلامس قبل امليالد‪.‬‬ ‫وكان األمير شهاب قد اكتشف‬ ‫وجود هذا املعبد بعد أعمال‬ ‫تنقيب قام بها‪ ،‬إال أنه اعتقد أنه‬ ‫مجرد معلم فينيقي‪ ،‬فظل ذلك‬

‫أمريكية يف ا�ستقبال رئي�س جمهورية �أرمينيا‬ ‫الب ال‬ ‫ُط ُ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫مدى ال ّدبس‬

‫تدخل حرم اجلامعة األرمنية‬ ‫الوحيدة خارج أرمينيا‪ ،‬جامعة‬ ‫هايكازيان‪ ،‬لتطالعك احلضارة‬ ‫تشديدات‬ ‫األرمنية من كلّ اجلهات‪.‬‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫أمنية عند الباب‪ ،‬اجليش يضع‬ ‫نقطتي تفتيش قبل دخول‬ ‫القاعة‪ .‬وعند دخولها تُطالعك‬ ‫ت‬ ‫وجوه ُّ‬ ‫الطالب األرمن بابتساما ٍ‬ ‫خفيفة سببها قطعة الترجمة‬ ‫التي تضعها في أذنيك‪ .‬موسيقى‬ ‫أرمنية‪ ،‬عرض فيديو عن حرب‬ ‫ثم احلدث األهم‪.‬‬ ‫التحرير ّ‬ ‫نهار الثالثاء الفائت شارك‬ ‫الطالب األرمن في‬ ‫وفد من ّ‬ ‫اجلامعة األميركية في استقبال‬ ‫رئيس جمهورية أرمينا “سيرج‬ ‫سارغسيان” في جامعة هايكازيان‪.‬‬ ‫ترأس على الوفد ‪ ،‬واهه سفريان‬ ‫وهراك قرهقاشني‪ ،‬ممثّلي النادي‬ ‫الطاشناق‬ ‫التراثي األرمني وحزب ّ‬ ‫ضم الوفد عضو‬ ‫في اجلامعة‪ .‬كما ّ‬ ‫الطالبية املنتخبة كوركني‬ ‫الهيئة ّ‬

‫قدحجيان وفاراك كتسه مانيان‬ ‫الطالبي‬ ‫ورازميك بوياجيان والوزير ّ‬ ‫السابق حايان حرب‪.‬‬ ‫وبعد تسلّم رئيس اجلمهورية‬ ‫األرمني وسام اخلدمة من رئيس‬ ‫جامعة هايكازيان‪ ،‬ألقى الرّئيس‬ ‫ساررغسيان كلمة ّشدد فيها‬ ‫الصداقة الفريدة واحلارة بني‬ ‫على ّ‬ ‫أرمينيا ولبنان‪.‬كما شكر وجود‬ ‫طلاَّ ب من جامعات أخرى‪ ،‬ملفتا ً‬ ‫حلضور طلاّ ب اجلامعة األميركية‪.‬‬ ‫كما أثنى على لبنان كبلد عزيز‬ ‫وجميل ‪ ،‬واصفا ً ناسه بواسعي‬ ‫الضيافة و‬ ‫التفكير و بكرمي ّ‬ ‫بعالي الكرامة الوطنية‪ .‬وقارب‬ ‫الرّئيس األرمني التماثل الثنائي‬ ‫بني البلدين فقال “آالمنا مع لبنان‬ ‫مشتركة‪ .‬و وصفات التصدي‬ ‫للتحديات مشترك ٌة أيضا”‪.‬‬ ‫ثم تو ّجه الى الشباب وركّز على‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫دورهم في القيادة البشرية‪.‬‬ ‫مستشهدا ً بجملة جلبران خليل‬ ‫جبران ّ‬ ‫“الشباب هم سهام‬ ‫املستقبل املوجهة إلى أهداف‬

‫األبدية”‪.‬‬ ‫في ما يخص العالم العربي‪ ،‬ذكر‬ ‫الرّئيس األرمني أ ّن دولته كانت و‬ ‫مازالت مع شعوب هذه املنطقة‪.‬‬ ‫خاص ًة مع العراق وسوريا ومصر‬ ‫ألنها لم تتساهل مع جرائم‬ ‫آلالف‬ ‫األتراك‪ ،‬ال بل ق ّدمت امللجأ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫من األرمن املضطهدين‪ .‬فالعالم‬ ‫العربي مير في مرحلة انتقالية‬ ‫معقدة‪ ،‬وقال “موجة الثورات‬ ‫الشعبية تؤدي إلى خسائر بشرية‬ ‫ومادية‪ .‬ونحن نعمل على نشر‬ ‫السالم وإحداث التغيير سلمياً‪.‬‬ ‫على األنظمة والشعوب العربية أن‬ ‫تع كيف تضع حدا ً للنزاع الداخلي‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫بدون أي تدخل خارجي”‪ .‬وأضاف “‬ ‫نحن قلقون على مصير سوريا و‬ ‫األرمن في سوريا‪ ،‬فنحن الناجني‬ ‫من اجملزرة األولى نعي أهوار احلرب”‪.‬‬ ‫في الشأن التركي ذكر أ ّن بالده‬ ‫تفتخر أن ّها لم تتخلَّ عن أ ّي من‬ ‫مبادئها ‪ ،‬ولكّنه أكّد ان أقصر‬ ‫طريقة حللّ أي أزمة هي احلوار‪.‬‬

‫‪ 4‬كانون األول‪2012 ،‬‬

‫سرا ً حتى أيامنا هذه‪ .‬ولذلك حتول‬ ‫هدف املشروع نحو توضيح هذا‬ ‫املعلم و إعطائه صفة املعبد‬ ‫التي لم تكن محددة من قبل‪.‬‬ ‫وقد أوضحت الدكتورة بدري في‬ ‫محاضرتها بعض اخلصائص التي‬ ‫تؤكد أن هذا املعلم كان معبداً‪،‬‬ ‫كالفرن‪ ،‬املنصة‪ ،‬والنواة املدورة‬ ‫التي حتتوي على طبقات مترسبة‬ ‫من الصحون‪ ،‬و التي تؤكد أيضا ً‬ ‫“فينيقيته” كتقنية البناء‪.‬‬ ‫التقطيع والتثبيت الدقيقان‬ ‫للحجارة‪ ،‬وطريقة صقل‬ ‫الصخور‪.‬وتكمن أهمية هذا‬ ‫املعبد بأنه يسهم إلى حد كبير‬ ‫في تطوير فهمنا ملدينة صور‬ ‫في تاك احلقبة‪ ،‬وامتدادها وطرق‬ ‫العيش فيها‪ ،‬ويعكس صورة‬ ‫عمرها آالف السنني عن تفاصيل‬ ‫حياة الفينيقيني وأبرز مميزاتها‪.‬‬ ‫و هكذا تعود صور‪ ،‬جزيرة العصور‬ ‫القدمية‪ ،‬لتطل علينا من غبار‬ ‫السنني‪ ،‬وجتعل كلاَّ ً منا يندم على‬ ‫جرمية نسيانها‪ .‬تطل علينا هي‪،‬‬ ‫أم احلضارة وحاضنة احلرف‪ ،‬لتؤكد‬ ‫أن في أحشائها تاريخ ال يجف و‬ ‫عراقة ال تنضب‪..‬‬

‫إصدار ‪ ،45‬عدد ‪11‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬كانون األول‪2012 ،‬‬

‫أوتــــــــــــلوك‬ ‫املنشــــــــــورة الطالبيــــــــة‬ ‫املســـــــتقلة منذ عام ‪1949‬‬

‫‪26‬ترشين األ ّول‪2012 ،‬‬

‫صحافي أفضل‬ ‫تعاون بني شباب السفير و شباب األوتلوك جليل‬ ‫ّ‬

‫ورشة العمل‪ ،‬سأل كتاب األوتلوك‬ ‫أسئلة كثيرة تتعلق بكيفية‬ ‫احلفاظ على املوضوعية الصحافية‬ ‫وكيفية تشكيل الهيكلية ‪.‬‬ ‫كما متّت مناقشة مقاالت عديدة‬ ‫نشرت باألوتلوك‪ ،‬و مت ّ إعطاء نصائح‬ ‫عن أسس الكتابة الصحافية‪،‬‬ ‫كاختيار العنوان املناسب و املقدمة‬ ‫الرنانة‪ .‬أجاب األستاذ ابراهيم على‬ ‫أسئلة الكتاب موضحا ً دور احملرر و‬ ‫صالحياته‪ .‬كما أعطى الكثير من‬ ‫التوصيات املتعلقة بضرورة توسيع‬ ‫األفق و اختيار املواضيع التي تعني‬ ‫القارئ‪.‬‬

‫دياال أحوش‬

‫الكتابة األدبية شيء و الصحافة‬ ‫شيء آخر‪ .‬أن يصبح اإلنسان‬ ‫صحافيا ً مخضرما ً ليس باألمر‬ ‫الفطري‪ .‬فالصحافة هي كأي جتربة‬ ‫في احلياة‪ ،‬فعلى الصحافي أن‬ ‫يفشل مرات عديدة ليتعلم كيف‬ ‫ينجح كفرد و ينجح كجزء من‬ ‫جزء من التوصيات‬ ‫فريق عمل‪ .‬هذا ٌ‬ ‫التي أعطاها ابراهيم شرارة – محرر‬ ‫شباب السفير‪ -‬لشباب األوتلوك‪.‬‬ ‫كانت ورشة العمل التي عقدت‬ ‫يوم اخلميس املاضي أول حلقات‬ ‫التعاون بني اجلريدتني‪ .‬بدأت الورشة‬ ‫التعارفية‪ ،‬بلقاء مع رئيس حترير‬ ‫جريدة السفير األستاذ طالل‬ ‫سلمان‪.‬‬ ‫ح ّدث األستاذ طالل فريق عمل‬ ‫األوتلوك عن الصعاب التي تواجه‬ ‫الصحافة في لبنان‪ .‬كبلد ينقطع‬ ‫التواصل بني أفراده‪ ،‬كبلد ال تلتقي‬ ‫ماري جورج فيه بفاطمة‪ ،‬فيصعب‬ ‫على الصحافة أن جتمع بني ما‬

‫فرقته الطوائف‪ .‬و أنه هنا يكمن‬ ‫دور الشباب‪ .‬وقد أسست جريدة‬ ‫السفير ملحقها الشبابي ألنها‬ ‫تعي أهمية اجليل الصاعد‪“ .‬في‬ ‫مجتمعنا اليوم أصبحت الصحف‬ ‫للمسنني فقط لهذا يجب التوجه‬

‫للشباب و تغيير هذا الواقع” قال‬ ‫األستاذ طالل‪ .‬كما رحب بالتعاون‬ ‫بني اجلريدتني متمنيا ً أن يستفيد‬ ‫الطرفان إلى أكبر احلدود من تبادل‬ ‫اخلبرات‪.‬‬

‫ابتداءا ً من العدد العاشر لألوتلوك‪،‬‬ ‫بدأ نشر قسم اللغة العربية منها‬ ‫على موقع شباب السفير‪ .‬في‬ ‫املقابل‪ ،‬ستخصص األوتلوك فقرة‬ ‫أسبوعية لشباب السفير‪ .‬مع‬ ‫تبادل دائم للخبرات و النصائح‪ .‬في‬

‫بني �سندان العمل اجلامعي و مطرقة جلنة مل جتتمع بعد!‬

‫فرح البعيني‬

‫لقد انتهت االنتخابات الطالبية‪ .‬عاد‬ ‫اجلميع إلى صفوفهم و عادوا إلى‬ ‫الهموم و املشاكل اليومية‪ .‬معظم‬ ‫املطالب التي وعد بها طالب هذه‬ ‫اجلامعة مازالت مكدسة في األروقة‬ ‫و في زوايا القاعات التي من املفترض‬ ‫أن تصدح بهموم الطالب‪.‬‬ ‫ما لفت نظري في أكثر من حملة‬ ‫انتخابية هذه السنة وجود عدة‬ ‫أهداف مهمة و كل هذه األهداف‬ ‫تصب في مصلحة الطالب‪ ،‬لكن إذا‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اقترن الكالم بالعمل‪ ،‬و بالتالي إذا‬ ‫حتققت فهذا قد يكون أمرا ً عظيماً‪.‬‬ ‫و في مقدمة هذه األهداف زيادة‬ ‫املبلغ املدفوع على ساعة العمل في‬ ‫اجلامعة‪ .‬ففي مقارنة بسيطة مع‬ ‫جامعة كونكرديا في كندا مثال ً نرى‬ ‫املبلغ املدفوع على ساعة العمل‬ ‫هذه هو ‪ 13$‬أما نحن فاملبلغ ال‬ ‫يتعدى ‪ 3.5$‬أو ال ‪ 5000‬ليرة لبنانية‬ ‫و هذا ما أدى إلى ارتفاع أصوات‬ ‫التالمذة معترضني عليه‪.‬‬ ‫اليوم قلة من تالمذة اجلامعة تقوم‬ ‫بهذا العمل أوال ً ألنه ال يساعد في‬

‫تخفيف عبء القسط اجلامعي‬ ‫و ثانيا ً ألن القيمة قليلة كما‬ ‫ذكرنا سابقاً‪ .‬فآية حطيط ‪-‬طالبة‬ ‫الهندسة الكيميائية‪ -‬تؤكد أن‬ ‫املبلغ قليل جدا ً فهو يكاد ال يكفيها‬ ‫ملصروف طعامها في اجلامعة ‪،‬‬ ‫فهي تعتبر أنها تعمل ساعتني‬ ‫أو ثالث في النهار لتؤمن مصروف‬ ‫الطعام ليوم واحد و في املقابل هي‬ ‫ترى أن زيادة هذا املبلغ قد يساعدها‬ ‫في مصاريف أخرى‪ .‬وعند سؤالنا‬ ‫لها عن مدى إميانها مبجلس الطالب‬ ‫لتحقيق أهدافها‪ ،‬أجابت أنهم‬ ‫بعد االنتخاب نسوا األهداف التي‬ ‫وصلوا على أساسها‪ ،‬لكن آية تبقى‬ ‫متفائلة و تأمل أن ال ينسوا هذا‬ ‫املطلب‪.‬‬ ‫في مطلب آخر تعتبر طالبة رفضت‬ ‫اإلفصاح عن اسمها أن هذا العمل‬ ‫الذي يقوم به الطلبة ليس صعبا ً‬ ‫وال يتطلب جهدا ً كبيرا ً لكي يقابل‬ ‫مببلغ أكبر‪ ،‬فهي تعتبر أن في عملها‬ ‫لديها دوامات مريحة و املنسق مرن‬ ‫مضن‪.‬‬ ‫إذ ال تشعر أنها تقوم بعمل‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫هذه الطالبة تعتبر أن العمل الذي‬ ‫تقوم به يزيد من إمكانية القيام‬

‫بالكثير من النشاطات و املشاريع‬ ‫مع األصدقاء فهو يعينها على هذه‬ ‫الناحية‪.‬‬ ‫عند استفسارنا عن هذا املوضوع‬ ‫مع الطالبة سارة مكاوي اعتبرت‬ ‫أنه من املؤكد أنها تشجع زيادة‬ ‫املبلغ إلى الضعف أي ‪ 10,000‬ليرة‬ ‫‪ ،‬فهذا العمل يؤمن مصروفها و‬ ‫كذلك يؤمن قرطاسيتها اجلامعية‪،‬‬ ‫فمبلغ ال ‪ 5000‬ال يكاد يؤمن إال‬ ‫كتابني أو ثالثة عند بداية كل فصل‬ ‫‪ .‬سارة تتأمل خيرا ً باجمللس الطالبي‬ ‫في اجلامعة و تنتظر أن تصحى غدا ً‬ ‫و تبصر قرارا ً جامعيا ً يقضي بزيادة‬ ‫املبلغ‪.‬‬ ‫آمال غندور توافق سارة و لكنها‬ ‫تعتبر أن ‪ 7000‬ليرة كافية لتأمني‬ ‫املصروف اجلامعي‪ ،‬فآمال ال حتبذ‬ ‫احتساب مجموع عملها الشهري‬ ‫من قسطها اجلامعي ألن اجملموع‬ ‫ضئيل مع هذا القسط ‪ ،‬فوجهة‬ ‫استعماالتها هي نقود اجليب و هذا‬ ‫ما يؤمن لها بعضا ً من احتياجاتها‪.‬‬ ‫أما مجد عوده طالب إدارة األعمال‬ ‫و الذي يعمل في قسم الفلسفة‬ ‫يعتبر أن املبلغ كاف ألن كافة‬

‫الطالب ال يقومون بعمل شاق بل‬ ‫يساعدون األساتذة في عدة أشياء‪.‬‬ ‫و عند سؤالنا إذا كان العمل يأخذ‬ ‫من و قته فقد أكد أن العمل بسيط‬ ‫و في بعض األحيان ميكنه أن يدرس‬ ‫خالل ساعات العمل و هذا ما‬ ‫يسهل املهمة عليه‪.‬‬ ‫في الضفة املقابلة هذه اآلمال‬ ‫معلقة على السلطة التنفيذية‬ ‫املنتخبة من الطالب حاليا ً فأحد‬ ‫ممثلي هذه اللجنة إيلي خليفة‪،‬‬ ‫طالب طب سنة ثانية يعتبر أن هذه‬ ‫الزيادة من أولوياته في برنامجه‬ ‫االنتخابي ‪ ،‬و هو اآلن يسعى جاهدا ً‬ ‫إلى زيادة هذا املبلغ و إذ يشير إيلي‬ ‫أنه لم يتم االتفاق على زيادة معينة‬ ‫ألن العمل على هذا املوضوع يحصل‬ ‫من خالل مبادرة جماعية و ليست‬ ‫فردية و هذا ما قد يجعل املطلب‬ ‫أقوى‪ .‬أما عن مدى إميانه بتحقيقه‬ ‫فهو يعلق آماال ً كبيرة على اجمللس‬ ‫اجلديد الذي سيعمل ملصلحة‬ ‫الطالب و ألجل حتقيق مطالبهم‬ ‫‪ ،‬حيث أن هذا املطلب هو من‬ ‫األولويات في الوقت احلاضر‪.‬‬ ‫الطالب في‬ ‫أما رمزي طيبة‪ ،‬وزير ّ‬

‫“اجتمعنا و قررنا نسلق بيضا”‬ ‫أحد امللصقات املطبوعة من شباب‬ ‫السفير‪ .‬أخذ شباب األوتلوك من‬ ‫امللصقات و العدد األخير لشباب‬ ‫السفير مختتمني اللقاء األول من‬ ‫سلسلة التعاون‪ .‬آملني بتحقيق‬ ‫وتقدم مستمرين‪.‬‬ ‫جناح‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ٍ‬

‫كلية الهندسة‪ ،‬فيعتبر أن هذه‬ ‫الزيادة قد تشجع الطالب على‬ ‫العمل بزخم أكبر‪ ،‬لكن هذا املوضوع‬ ‫ليس مؤكدا ً طرحه في اجتماعات‬ ‫الهيئة ‪ ،‬ألن الهيئة منذ انتخابها‬ ‫لم جتتمع بعد و لن تفعل ذلك قبل‬ ‫الرابع من كانون األول أي عند نهاية‬ ‫الفصل الدراسي األول تقريباً!‬ ‫الطالب اليوم يقف بني سندان املبلغ‬ ‫القليل الذي يحصل عليه و مطرقة‬ ‫جلنة لم جتتمع منذ تشكيلها و لو‬ ‫ملرة! في كل عام ينتخب الطالب‬ ‫هيئة جديدة بعضهم يصوت‬ ‫على أساس األجندات االنتخابية‬ ‫و البعض اآلخر ليس لديه إميان‬ ‫حقيقي بأن صوته سيصل إلى‬ ‫املكان احملدد‪ .‬فببساطة ال يصوت‬ ‫متاما ً كما فعل بعض من الطالب‬ ‫الذين أجرينا املقابالت معهم‪،‬‬ ‫لكن اآلمال تبقى اليوم معلقة‬ ‫على هذه الهيئة و على مدى‬ ‫مصداقيتها لتحقيق مطلب محق‬ ‫لطالب وجدوا في العمل اجلامعي‬ ‫مخرجا ً لتخفيف عبء املصروف عن‬ ‫عائالتهم املثقلة باألعباء املادية!‬

Issue 11  

Issue 11 Volume 45

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