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September 26, 2012

Vol. XLV, No. 10 November 27, 2012

Admin. sees plagiarism as essay writers turn big profit

Yara Zeitoun Staff Writer Patrick Lewtas, an AUB philosophy professor, doesn’t have any personal experience with essay writing companies, but he knows their work when he sees it in his classes. “You can tell the papers just could not have been written by that student,” he said. “There was one student I had where the paper clearly came from a paper writing service. Even replies to my emails were coming from the writing service because they were not the student’s style or way of thinking.” With a hint of irony, Lewtas notes that the obviously plagiarized work was for an ethics class. Online essay writing services have added another fold to the changing landscape of plagiarism on campuses everywhere. While AUB faculty and administrators see the fight in black-and-white terms, essay writers see their services as a moral gray area and a lucrative business. One AUB graduate interviewed for this story paid $40 for a two-page philosophy

paper that earned her a 91. “It was worth it only because I didn’t have time to write. I was overloaded that semester, with too many finals,” she said. “But I did feel really guilty because I don’t get anything out of getting someone to write it for me.” THE STRATEGY “I get £16,000 from a Saudi girl studying in London for her Ph.D.,” said Michael, the founder of essay writing company My Best Essays; he agreed to be interviewed only if his real name was not printed. “That’s £800 a month, for two years, from one person.” When asked how this student could live with such a lie, Michael said that “if the Saudi government is paying for her Ph.D., she doesn’t care if she gets it or not.” Michael, 28, has been the brains behind My Best Essays for eight years. The company provides work for students, promising to be punctual and 100 percent original. “When I was in a certain university in Lebanon, I thought of [this] because I had a high GPA and many students asked for help, from tutoring

to writing essays,” Michael said. “At that time I used to write essays for others, but currently I only write theses for Saudi students in the U.K.” Essays usually start at $100, but the can go to $500 or more for undergraduate

papers. “For example, in a certain period of time, 238 papers brought about roughly $47,000. And that was a dead season.” The price of an essay is based on word count, time due, complexity and the level

Outlook Photo Illustration; Mada Subaiti

of the student. The company has a presence in Beirut, Dubai, London and Barcelona, with more than 150 full-time writers and requests from around the globe, but these days Michael says he focuses on elite high schools. “All the students in Brummana High School, ACS, IC—that’s my market: the Virgin Market. I can make $30,000 at least from one school.” One high school student in Switzerland, he said, is currently paying $500 for a paper. THE ARGUMENTS Dean of Student Affairs Talal Nizameddin and Lewtas, the philosophy professor, take a strong stance against plagiarism. Both claim that plagiarism occurs too regularly at AUB. Nizameddin said in University circles the debate revolves around whether the plagiarism is intentional. “The University feels very strongly about it because it really undermines the essence of what the University is about,” he said. Continued to page 3

Creating the visual language PSPA to host lecture on Special Tribunal El Hilweh,” which focuses Maya Ayache on seven women of different for Lebanon Contributing Writer Last week, filmmaker Dahna Abourahme visited AUB to explain how, through new methods of storytelling, she revisited how the 1983 Israeli occupation of South Lebanon impacted the women in the Ein El Hilweh refugee camp. During the Israeli occupation, the camp was destroyed and the men were taken captive and imprisoned. As a result, women were forced to pool their efforts to maintain a sense of community and to provide for their families. Abourahme documented these events in her film “Kingdom of Women: Ein

backgrounds living in the Palestinian refugee camp. In her lecture, Abourahme, who is Palestinian, explained the process behind creating the visual language in her documentary, which was was initiated by the Arab Resource Center for Popular Arts (AlJana). She said her inspiration and motive was to “try to break away from the stereotypical image of Palestinian refugees.” Abourahme used various mediums of storytelling such as animation, film and documentary to tell the women’s stories. Continued on page 5

Frederic Abou Jaoude Staff Writer

Lebanon has seen many political murders in recent years, starting with the assassination attempt on Marwan Hamadeh in 2004. The bombings have continued, targeting prominent figures one by one. In 2005, Rafiq Hariri, Gibran Tueni, Samir Kassir and George Hawi were assassinated, in addition to the attempted assassinations of May Chidiac, Ali Ramez Tohme and Elias El-Murr. Throughout the years from 2006 till 2008, Pierre Amine Gemayel, Antoine Ghanem, Walid Eido, Francois Hajj

and Wissam Eid were assassinated. So far, the last of these assassinations killed Wissam Al Hassan in the Ashrafieh bombing a month ago. The severity of the situation led to the creation of the Special Tribunal in the hope that it would reveal the identity of the killers and prevent future attacks. To clarify all the details concerning the STL, the department of Political Studies and Public Administration will organize a lecture titled “International Criminal Adjudication and the Special Trial for Lebanon” on Dec. 10 at West Hall. The lecture, which will

start at 2 p.m., will outline the origins of international criminal justice. Also, the potential legacy of the STL for Lebanon and the Arab world will be addressed. One of the interesting points to be covered during the event is that the UNbacked tribunal, unlike its predecessors in the case of authority, was not merely established in a vacuum. It builds upon nearly 20 years of credible international criminal adjudication.

2 · Campus News

November 27, 2012

September 26, 2012

Behind the scenes of the AUB’s Flag Day ceremony Salim Kaddoura dismay over the turmoil in annual AUB Outdoors Contributing Writer the region, recognizing that

Ghida Ismail Staff Writer

On May 19 and 20, AUB traded its usual academic façade for an Arabian Night look. The upper campus offered various games and food services under Arabian tents and magical lamps. It was the time of the year when kids, teenagers and adults gather to enjoy the annual AUB Outdoors festival. “As expected, the [2012] AUB Outdoors was a weekend of pure fun and entertainment. It was magical with all the Arabian Nights decorations,” said electrical engineering student, Nadine Nakad. To make this annual event possible, a group of students’ hard work and commitment is necessary throughout the semester. Preparations for this year’s Outdoors festival, scheduled for May, have already begun and all cabinet positions have been filled. The members were chosen by the Student Affairs Office after interviews were carried out. While nine members formed last year’s Outdoors cabinet, 11 form this year’s cabinet. Chief Executive Officer Ramzi Taybah’s job is to supervise the work of the cabinet, team leaders and members. With the help of Chief Operations Officer Christopher Sassine and Operations Officer Mona

Talih, he will make sure that all the operations are being executed smoothly. Different vice executives are part of the Outdoors cabinet. Nour Jalloul is in charge of food and games, Sarah Awada of marketing and sponsorship, Yazan Halwani of decoration and safety and Natalie Humsi of concerts and entertainment. Their role is to monitor the team leaders’ work and make sure that planned tasks go according to the schedule and meet the required quality standards. This year’s cabinet includes two treasurers, Jad Sabra and Jad Hajj Ahmad, whose role is to manage the budget. In addition, two secretaries, Joy Arab and Dina Masri, have to keep all the cabinet and members updated with all the decisions. “With the changes made to the cabinet, many of the obstacles faced by previous cabinets should be easily overcome,” said Sassine. “There is, however, a lot of work to be done in order to ensure a successful festival this year.” “This event brings the AUB community much closer each year, and this will surely be the case this time around.” he said. “This year’s organizers will strive to bring together a landmark event that will remain fond in the memories of all attendees.”

AUB on Wednesday celebrated its annual Flag Day, a ceremony saluting the Lebanese flag the day before Independence Day. Before noon, students began to assemble in front of West Hall to watch the Lebanese Armed Forces military band play various preliminary songs. In the meantime, papers bearing the Lebanese flag and the lyrics to the national anthem were handed out to the crowd. At about 11:50 a.m., the band began to play the national anthem while dozens of students as well as some faculty and staff watched. A few people joined in, singing the lyrics by heart. Dean of Student Affairs Talal Nizameddin thanked the musicians and gave a speech in which he mentioned his

many AUB students might be distressed over recent events in neighboring countries. Nizameddin asserted AUB’s continuing position as a role model “not only in the region, but the world” and expressed his belief that the university “makes the region a better place.” He also called upon the AUB community to “reaffirm [its] commitment to keep this country safe from harm.” Nizameddin went on to raise the Lebanese flag, bringing the ceremony to an end. As the onlookers dispersed, some students welcomed the ensemble and posed with members of the military band for group photos. Not all students were interested in the celebration, however, and many were completely unaware of it or did not know what it was.

Others said they would have liked to attend if not for exams or classes. In any case, AUB students seem to hold a wide variety of views toward their country, ranging from apathy to full-on patriotism

Photocredit: Salim Kaddoura

Cooking for a Cause: Learn to cook for the community Yara Zeitoun Staff Writer When it comes to community service and diverse recreation, AUB has plenty. The issue, however, is the lack of awareness of these events hosted by different AUB clubs. Cooking for a Cause provides students, faculty and even alumni, a great opportunity to enrich one’s university years, while simultaneously donating to charity. Provided by the Center for Civic Engagement and Community Service, these bi-weekly cooking classes held at the Pilot Plant are taught by Grace

Haddad, a passionate chef. The idea of these classes is to pay $40 to $45, some of which goes to the ingredients and supplies, the rest of which goes to providing cancer

patients required medicine. Although they provide a unique and excellent experience, surprisingly there were barely any students that attended, but mostly staff.

Photocredit: Center for Civic Engagement and Community Service

The only advertising that they had was through AUB’s website bulletin and their own personal volunteers, but apart from that, they had no other forms of advertisement to students. According to Olga Majzoub, project coordinator, classes are full at times, but due to a lack of awareness of these classes, were not as full as they easily could have been. Classes can fit up to 25 people, and they have between 15 to 25 people coming to each session. As for dietary restrictions, each menu usually has at least two dishes out of three that cater to vegetarians. Also, they

can arrange extra or private sessions if there are enough participants willing to join. For this semester, they planned five different sessions, two of which are still up for grabs: “Christmas Menu” parts 1 and 2. Part 1 is going to be on Dec. 5, and the final one, Dec. 17. The Christmas menus sound succulent and include dishes like Gingerbread People, My Zesty Turkey, Meli Melo Salad, Truffes au Chocolat and more. Both days include a total of four dishes that participants will be taught to cook, and have the opportunity to eat afterwards.

November 27, 2012

Campus News · 3

September 26, 2012

Admin. sees plagiarism as essay writers turn Graphic design and big profit architecture students: A something that isn’t his?” writer makes $500 a week. Continued from page 1 Lewtas said. “And the injury Do you know how much he chance for an unforgettable “Students are here to then is done to the person who does with that? He pays for create work, and if that work is robbed, whoever the idea the tuition of his sister and so Formula One experience in is forgery, fraud, unreal, it comes from. But the question many other things. Another doesn’t represent the students, is far simpler, is the student writer, from Pakistan, for him Malaysia himself? this money is crazy. He has a then what is the University misrepresenting

Outlook Photo Illustration; Mada Subaiti Is he holding his work as for?” Some students’ academic something other than it is, backgrounds push them to use deliberately trying to fool the essay writers, he said. “There professor on that score?” The professor becomes are certain types of schools that rely on approaches to the victim, and the crime, Lewtas education that are outdated, misrepresentation, indirectly teaching students said. THE WRITERS to [plagiarize]. It’s like the Michael said as far as overly strict parents, they teach their children to lie to he’s concerned, students are the only ones to blame when them.” “I sat on a committee essays his company provides once where a student copied are used dishonestly. “My company is based on a whole large paragraph word-for-word on an exam,” providing students a tutoring Nizameddin said. “The service, for a specific paper,” professor questioned how he he said. “We do it for them, could have done this without but it doesn’t mean the student cheating, but the student was has to submit the paper. It’s adamant that he memorized like a template. So, when it. The crazy part is that there they do provide it, it’s their were two professors on the wrong … [but] most of my committee who went to that writers have excellent English type of school, and said they and write way better than the student would.” believed the student.” When it comes to hiring Nizameddin said a university education is about writers, Michael claims his much more than getting a standards are high. “They send me their diploma. GPA, official “It means you have to degree, be critical, intellectually transcript, a lot of things. I rebellious, that’s the pleasure check their writings with my of it. And that’s what education editors.” He repeats that he means. Some people think cares about quality above all that they’re coming here else. “Usually I don’t trust just to be engineers, or math majors, and in a sense, they’ve Lebanese in this business,” cheated themselves. They’ve he said, adding that the come for the AUB name, but most important traits in a submission are “quality of not for the AUB mission.” Lewtas, on the other hand, work, punctuality, and no said plagiarism is too often plagiarism.” Michael said he hires considered in the wrong writers from all over the world. terms. “They turn it into an issue He speaks about one of his of theft, has the student stolen Kenyan writers, saying “this

Galaxy 2—in Pakistan! He’s like a king there.” Not all of his writers, however, are foreigners looking for a way to support their families back home. Michael claims he has writers who are Daily Star editors, and others who are full-time professors at universities in the UK and other reputable institutions. THE CONSEQUENCES Lewtas said most Western universities have a simple policy, which is “get caught, and you’re out. Expelled. In a bunch of years of teaching, I never came across a case of cheating. It’s rare and extraordinary. And universities come down on the perpetrator like a ton of bricks. The system here is, first time, a dean’s warning. Second time, a mark on your transcript. I think AUB should impose the stiffest penalty that faculty would be willing to [enforce].” A non-AUB student got off easy after being caught using an essay writing service. “[The TA] asked me stuff from my essay I didn’t know ‘cause I didn’t write it and didn’t even understand half the words,” the student said. “The teacher liked me, so he gave me a chance to do it again, but usually I would’ve gotten a zero or been expelled. But I’ll never do it again.” The biggest problem with plagiarism, Lewtas said, is how it robs students the chance to grow. “If people want to stand up on their own two feet, they need to build something with their own hands, not steal it or borrow it,” he said. His advice would be for AUB to have the same consequences other universities have—one strike and you’re out. “Frankly, trying to teach them at this age not to plagiarize won’t work. The only way for them to take [plagiarism] seriously is for us to up the consequences.”

Elena Grissom Staff Writer

Every year, over 1,500 students from universities all over Asia flood the Sepang Formula One circuit to race some of the funkiest and strangest racecars ever to loop around its tracks. Some racecars look like wooden boxcars, others resemble submarines, and others still look like flying machines from the future. The goal of the race is to find the vehicle that can travel the farthest while using the least fuel. This competition, called the Eco-marathon Asia, is hosted yearly by Shell and garners international recognition and attention. Last year, the first place winners from Thailand unbelievably got their vehicle to travel 2,903 km using one liter of ethanol fuel. In seventh place came the AUB team of engineering students, headed by Kamal Hamadeh. Many of you might have seen the strange-looking vehicle driving around campus prior the competition. This year, the AUB team will enter the competition once again. The members have already built their car, which Hamadeh describes as a “better-modified vehicle that shall take the spotlight.” However, they are seeking a sleek, unique and professional outer design for the vehicle, which is why they have launched the “AUB

Photocredit: Kamal Hamadeh

Conceptual Vehicle Design Competition 2013.” Though this competition mainly targets graphic design and architecture students, any AUB student can register to submit his or her sketch of a proposed design for the exterior body of the car. The submission can either be software-designed or a simple hand sketch. The winner of the competition will not only witness his or her design being manufactured and equipped onto the vehicle, but will also get the chance to join the AUB team and win a free trip to Kuala Lampur, Malaysia, with the ticket and accommodation fully covered. The winner will have the once-in-a-lifetime experience of stepping foot on the Sepang Formula One racetrack and pit area. As registration for the “AUB Conceptual Vehicle Design Competition” ends this Friday, Hamadeh encourages all AUB students with conceptual drawing skills to take a risk and sign up for the competition at the FEA dean’s office. “If someone has the skills and thinks they can sketch a unique exterior design, I’d encourage them to do it,” noted Hamadeh. “They just might get lucky.” After all, it’s not everyday that one gets to travel to a Formula One racetrack in Malaysia and take part of a program that annually breaks new ground in energy efficiency.

4 · Campus News

November 27, 2012

September 26, 2012

Rugby in AUB: More than just tackling and falling Nour Turkmani Staff Writer

With the growing popularity of rugby in the world, it comes as a surprise that rugby isn’t exactly a renowned sport in Lebanon. However, in AUB particularly, rugby has been steadily budding over the years and

But we, the new players and the old players, are working very hard on strengthening our team and that is more than enough.” During practises and games, the coach, Faysal Jaber, generates a feeling of unity, dedication and commitment. The game with LAU on Nov. 9 was an easy 12-4 win.

‘3aTari2ak’ O.J. kiosk to help charities Thurayya Zreik Staff Writer

Under a tree beside West Hall, a green canvas canopy shades a table where several people are milling around, squeezing fragrant juice from fresh oranges. This is the second and final week the orange juice stand has been a fixture on the AUB upper campus. The stand is part of the “3aTari2ak” (on your way) project, which, stemming from the Lebanese NGO Causes, aims to foster a socially conscious and responsible community. The stand is one of many that have been erected this month. The proceeds from the sales of cups of orange

juice will be donated to the Tamanna charity, a nonprofit foundation that grants wishes to children who are critically or terminally ill. “The idea is basically juice for charity,” said Hani al-Hassan, a volunteer with Causes. “We sell juice and donate the proceeds to a different [cause] every month.” “Our plan is to establish 10 permanent stands around Beirut so that we can continue the project all year round,” he said, pouring juice into a cup and handing it to a customer. The impacts of the “3aTari2ak” project extend beyond donations to charity. “The project has many benefits to the community,” said Kinan Salaheddine, a first-year computer science

student who became involved with the project through the Center for Civic Engagement and Community Services. The benefits are multifaceted. From the recycled cups to supporting local agricultural producers, the project attempts to address as many social issues of the Lebanese community as possible. “‘3aTari2ak’ also helps employ people who are in need of a job,” al-Hassan said. Mohammad Louai, one of those operating the juicing machines, was born with a medical condition which has made it difficult for him to find employment. “This project gives Mohammad a chance to work,” al-Hassan said.

Faculty profile; Neville Assad-Salha Yara Zeitoun Staff Writer

Photocredit: Mohammad Azzam serves as a hub for exciting, interesting games. On Mondays and Wednesdays, the AUB rugby team members huddle up to practice at night, regardless of the weather. Although the game appears to be rough and jagged to any passerby, anyone watching for more than five minutes would notice that there’s more to the game than just the obvious hitting and falling. “This is more than just a game, it isn’t like basketball or football, it’s tough and waits for no one,” said assistant coach, Ghassan Dandach. “This game requires you to become a completely different person, and I doubt any rugby player would say it wasn’t life-changing for him.” Since the start of the year, the rugby team has faced several changes, the most formidable being the recruitment of new players. “Honestly, I’m not going to say it is easy.” said captain of the rugby team, Kamal Ali, when asked about the issue. “Many old players left and many new players arrived.

The team played again Friday against University of Balamand. The game ended in a 38-6 loss. Samar Abou Lteif, a freshman, said, “Their games with LAU and Balamand are both really interesting. I’m definitely not a fan of rough sports, but the game had tension and excitement. I’d advise anyone to watch it.” Almost every team member agreed that rugby has changed his life in many ways. Elie Al-Chaer, a new player in the team said, “I didn’t expect this. This team has become more of a brotherhood than anything.” Altogether, AUB has embraced the game of rugby, and enhanced it more than anyone would have ever anticipated.

Walking into the office of Neville Assad-Salha, students are transported out of AUB, and into the Australian cavern of an eccentric creative. Assad-Salha teaches 3-D art (ceramics and sculpture). His room features the the work made by his students, and to visitors, he compliments the virtues unique to each one. Coming from Australia, why did you choose AUB? I chose AUB as I had fond memories of AUB from the early 70’s, as I spent a lot of time here hanging out with students at that time. I felt that it would be great to come back and spend some time working with students in the areas that I had been teaching in. How do you further develop yourself, as an artist and professional? I spend every summer back in Australia working in my studio and travelling to other states to see new work that is being developed by other artists. Also travelling to other studio in other countries helps. It is important for me to keep exhibiting my work and researching other approaches to making and creating, art in general. What do you consider to be your greatest achievements? My greatest achievements

have been to continue working and being inspired by my students to keep teaching, along with developing new works by living in other cultures. What is your favourite part of teaching? Teaching gives me fresh ideas and new approaches, by inspiring students and being inspired by them, this keeps me wanting to teach. What hobbies do you enjoy? Planting native trees. I’ve

Photocredit: Mada Subaiti

planted thousands for the last 30 years. One wonderful hobby I have is building buildings. I love purchasing old buildings, and restoring them. I’m restoring an old family home, and building an identity back into the landscape of Lebanon, which I feel strongly about, and I’m revamping it, where I retranslate it from a box into something else. I’ve built my own studio with my own hands in Australia. It’s like living within one of your spaces.

Editorial · 5

November 27, 2012

September 26, 2012

Share your views with Outlook Outlook Editorial Board

In light of the latest political developments, from the tensions in the Middle East on a large scale to student elections on a smaller one, the Outlook board would like to clarify our stance on such issues. We, as a board, are comprised of students from different countries, religious backgrounds and economic spheres. By this we mean that the process of brainstorming, editing and planning within the newspaper does incite debate. And this is healthy. We aim to bring to our readers a fair and balanced perspective on matters that affect the AUB community. We do

not seek to project any political platform or agenda. Any opinion piece, review, column or editorial showcases the thoughts of some segment of the community. As is the nature of journalism, we cannot please all takers. For this reason, we encourage feedback, we encourage contribution and we encourage freedom of expression. If you do not find your voice represented in these pages on a weekly basis, we encourage you to make your voice heard by submitting a letter to the editor (email ReadOutlook@ While no subject is verboten, Outlook will not publish letters intended solely to

Creating the visual language Continued from page 1

“My main objective was to try to figure out a way to create an image for the past when very little archival footage exists,” said Abourahme while explaining the usage of different elements and mediums to create a visual language. Newspaper clippings, radio reports and rare and treasured pictures borrowed from the women were used, giving their stories historical accuracy. Animation of specific instances of resistance towards the occupation along

with footage of the women in the present day created a new mode of storytelling. With this combination of media, Abourahme developed the language of video. Two layers of the film thus came to light. The first layer was the broad picture of what was taking place in the south, while the second was created by the animation focusing on the women’s stories. Abourahme made an effort to ensure that every aspect of the movie portrayed the feelings the women were experiencing truthfully. She conveyed their spirit in the

provoke or disparage. Nor is this an opening to flaunt party platforms or political ideologies. Letters to the editor should inspire robust public debate on matters of general interest. Of course, space is limited, and we have a duty to make decisions based on newsworthiness and quality of content. Nonetheless, as we reach out to the community, unwarranted censorship is a thought we cringe at. Freedom of speech and news reporting go hand in hand—without one, the other is useless. It is our hope that publishing more of your letters will allow us to better serve you and will give you a chance to better serve the AUB community.

animations by choosing a specific drawing style for the animator to follow. In the documentary, the black ink on thin paper was meant to symbolize the rawness and struggle of the women, while the animation is meant to bring dialogue to life, depicting previously untold stories. The film also follows the women into their private homes, where the audience witnesses their daily duties and responsibilities. “A dialogue of the past and present was created,” Abourahme said.


· In an article titled, “Students at Work take majority of unresolved FEA seats,” in last week’s issue (Volume 45, Issue 8), what was referred to as “freshmen” seats was meant to say E1 seats. · In issue 8, the Arabic section cover story titled “” stated the No Frontiers party “has external ties.” While No Frontiers does receive “advice and support” from alumni members, the group does not have external political affiliations.

Submit your scholarly works to the Beirut Journal of Policy and Society The Beirut Journal of Policy and Society is now accepting submissions for its third volume to be published in May of 2013. The journal is student-led and published through the Political Studies and Public Administration Department at AUB. Scholarly works concerning politics, policy, and society or with tangential relevance to these topics may be submitted. The papers can be relevant original works or papers written for a class and should be in English. Submissions are open to current AUB students, graduate or undergraduate only, and submitted online via email as an attachment to no later than January 15, 2013. Please contact for submissions or questions.

Staff List Chairsperson Talal Nizameddin Editor-in-Chief Heather Jaber Associate Editor Ali Kassem Arabic Editor Mada Dibs Arabic Associate Editor: Alaa Kayali Proofreader: Ian Larson Photography Editor: Mada Subaiti Layout Editor: Antoine Ayoub Member-at-large Sarah Khalil News Executives Kanzi Kamel Rayane Zahreddine Hrag Vosgerichian Ferial Fakih Layout Team Tania Rayes Nizar Aouad Sahar Khraibani Mohammad Yaghi Suhail Yazaji Webmaster Jad Shamseddine Business Manager Luma Itani Business Executive Sarah Harfouch Photographers Mohammad Azzam Hayder Al-Shakeri Salim Kaddoura Pia Chaib

Karen Sertin Staff Writers Mohamad Sibai Frederic Abou Jaoude Elena Grissom Hashem Osserian Karen Sertin Carla Sertin Nerses Arslenian Richard Le Vay Al-Zahraa Majed Rana Harbi Nour Shurbaji Ghida Ismail Nadeem Bilani Noura Hamzeh Sara Sobh Diala Ahwash Zaynab Jaber Deedee Jilani Haya Atassi Farah El Beaina Ahmad Osman Cartoonists Ghassan Nassar Jad Jari Maya Ayache Thurayya Zreik Lujain Rabat Poliana Geha Tala Mukaddam Nour Turkmani

Disclaimer Outlook is a weekly publication of the American University of Beirut (AUB) and represents the voice of the student body. It is an independent, non-affiliated publication that favors no ethnic, religious or political group. All columns, articles and reports are the property of Outlook and do not necessarily represent the views of Outlook or the AUB community. Outlook welcomes all contributions. Authors are asked to please include their full name, major, ranking and contact information for verification. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any way, shape or form without the written consent of Outlook and/ or higher authorities. Outlook reserves the right to edit all material.

6 · Viewpoints

November 27, 2012

September 26, 2012

Never too late

Kanzi Kamel News Executive

“Hi! What’s your name? Nice to meet you. What’s your major?” Cue the internal groan at the inevitable look of sympathy. Answering with the ever clichéd “it’s complicated” has never been so defeating. As typical as it is for students in university to change their major throughout their education, doing so has never been easy. Countless factors influence the decision, and some result in greater consequences than others. Family, time, career certainty and salary are just some of the reasons some might choose, say, computer science over media and communications. But, hypothetically speak-

ing, let’s suppose someone did take a leap of faith, and majored in what they loved to do—not what they think they should do. How bad could it be? First things first: family. Having Arab parents comes with numerous subclauses, which most of us Arab children are all too familiar with. Doctor, lawyer or engineer—the three golden career paths. The only three acceptable career paths. Stray into something any less respectable and you’ve bought a one-way ticket to being the child parents like to describe as “exploring her options” at dinner parties. This easily segues into career certainty and salary. “How are you supposed to raise your

Somewhat happy holidays

Sarah Khalil Member-at-Large

Nov. 22 was a strange day for me. Blinking away the grainy sleep from my eyes at the crack of 11 a.m. on a day I had off anyway, I confronted a hilariously divided Facebook news feed: a mashup of statuses about Lebanese Independence Day and American Thanksgiving. I suppose it reflects the medley of identities my friends seem to possess like one would the plague, but the contrast between such mixed signals was nothing short of delightful. One friend’s status: “Happy Thanksgiving/Lebanese Independence day! Food and freedom: things we should all be grateful for.” Too right, I suppose, although her sister hit the nail a bit more on the head with “Happy kill the Native Americans day!” Many people probably don’t know that relations between the Native Americans and the pilgrims were nothing short of difficult, considering the whole colonialism thing. It just gets lost in all the tinsel and holly being drawn out of storage in preparation for upcoming Christmas. What, I wonder, does that

say about other countries, like our Lebanon? What is the source of a person’s pride in their nation? Why are they ever proud? On Thursday, I found myself more frustrated by the traffic jams caused by band practice on every road I happened to pass on my way home than I was proud to be Lebanese. Just as it goes for so many other national holidays in the world, I feel as though Lebanese Independence Day has dissolved into a day celebrated simply for the heck of it. If we as Lebanese citizens genuinely felt pride at our own country’s independence from the countless colonial powers to have held us throughout history, would we be mixing as much Arabic and French as we possibly could into our everyday discourse? Would we be stuck in our rut of perpetual division? And as for the all-American Thanksgiving, why are we putting an American holiday on par with our national independence? I find both ironic because both holidays have, despite what most protest, lost their meaning in the midst of all the hullabaloo. Call me a naysayer, if you want. I love holidays

family working as a journalist?” and “People in that major don’t get jobs” are just the beginning of daily remarks your parents will undoubtedly try to include in every conversation. But hey, let’s not generalize. Many parents out there are accepting of any which major, and we all know our parents just want what’s “best” for us. But, I ask, in the typical teenage-angst fashion, what if what they want for us isn’t what we want for ourselves? Herein lies the greater issue: the personal consequences of being so indecisive, you’ve become “that one chick who keeps changing her major.” Not only do people stop taking you seriously when discussing career options (“You want

just as much as everyone else does, and I would have gladly waved a turkey leg in one hand and a Lebanese flag in the other all day long. But you all know as well as I do that that’s not what it’s about. Who took a moment out of their drizzling November day to sit and really consider what it means to be a part of an independent nation? Are we really independent? Does it really matter, with the current state of affairs in Lebanon? I say it does, especially when I ponder developments just over the border in the past couple weeks. Why be caught up in other nations’ holidays? What does Thanksgiving even mean to people on the other side of the ocean? There’s a reason we take a day off to commemorate these things, and it’s not just to sleep in on a weekday or employ a trending hashtag. If you’re going to raise a cheer about a holiday, do yourself a favor and have a good, long think. Beyond the marching bands, traffic jams, Facebook statuses and food, beyond the sales running rampant in department stores as we draw evercloser to Christmas, there lies a real reason for it all.

to be an optometrist? Tell me that again tomorrow and I’ll believe you.”), but you find yourself suddenly out of time to do, well, anything. If you’re the kind of person who enters university knowing exactly what you want to do, I envy you. In retrospect, choosing my major by “eeny meeny miny mo” was not the best idea. Now, only a year away from graduation, I find myself at odds. I dislike my major. I don’t know what I want to do. And, somehow, it’s okay. Coming to terms with my uncertainty was perhaps the best thing I’ve done in my time here at AUB. It’s the most natural thing in the world not to know what the future will bring. Upperclassmen will

understand it when I say that their years in AUB have probably changed them. Freshmen and sophomores will come to see that what they once knew for certain might soon become a preposterous notion entirely. In the end, to use the inevitable cliché, it’s never too late. If life wasn’t about changing, then suicide rates would skyrocket, the Beatles would never have broken up, and I wouldn’t be in this situation at all. So, if you’re ever in need of assurance, remember “that one crazy girl,” chuckle at my expense, and don’t be afraid to embrace whatever might be awaiting you, because, in the words of Nancy Thayer, “it’s never too late—in fiction or in life—to revise.”

Clean Out Your Closet Keep the community warm Yara Zeitoun Staff Writer As the seasons change amidst the panic of midterms, have you looked at your wardrobe, and noticed that—quite frankly—it’s a downright mess? The Lebanese Red Cross has the perfect solution for you and your unhappy closet. They would like to inspire you to be part of their clothes collection campaign, where you can help your community and your closet. They will take your old, ripped or notso-great clothes you got from your lovely yet tasteless great aunt. The timing couldn’t be more perfect: the weather is forcing you to swap your summer wardrobe for winter, so you have to be cleaning anyways. The rule of thumb is, if you haven’t worn it for three months, you won’t wear it again. And, some needy person would be much happier with it than you are now—it just takes up space in your already overflowing closet. Red Cross has made it easy for you by placing boxes

in dorms and at West Hall and Penrose Gate to collect your clothes, shoes and other items. Stands will be open from Tuesday until Dec. 5, so you will have the weekend to clean out your closet. They are attempting to collect a large amount of clothing and blankets this year, and drive to the North and South, and give the clothes to Syrian immigrants and other people in need. Also, if you have no clothes to donate, they do take monetary donations, (the smallest amount helps) and they plan on buying blankets for those in need to last through the winter. Do your closet—and yourself—a favour, and clean out your closet. Give clothes, Give Warmth!

November 27, 2012

Outloud· 7 September 26, 2012

Outloud: If you were president of AUB, what would you do? Karim Nasr Contributing Writer Hayda Al-Shaker Photographer Ahmad Shanakh, Medical Lab Sciences, Junior: I would definitely improve dorms first. I feel they can be improved by a lot, especially in terms of room sizes and maintenance.

Karim Hakawati, Business Administration, Junior: I would get parking for all students. It’s the biggest concern we have.

Sally Ayoub, Business, Sophomore: I would renovate the chairs and tables in the classrooms, especially in the older buildings around campus.

Natalie Humsi, Political Studies and Public Administration, Senior: I would reduce all the bureaucratic red tape we students face.

Manal Kahaly, Landscape Design, Senior: I would increase access to parking for students.

Rayan Chehade, Economics, Sophomore: I would cancel Math 201 because it’s a really hard and complicated course.

Hady Kamel, Business, Senior: I’d introduce a local population of dogs to offset the cats.

Yara Chdeid, Majorless, Sophomore & Saleh Taha, Business, Sophomore: “I’d ban ketchup from the cafeteria, because I have a fear of ketchup and because it’s wobbly.” I’d allow argileh on campus, in the designated smoking sections around campus. Christophe Hage, Environmental Health, Sophomore & Christelle Harb, Psychology, Sophomore: I would make the elections more about the students, not about political parties. Secondly, I would increase the time given for students to complete exams. I would put music on campus, because we have a lot of stress, so the music could help AUB students.

8 . Columns

November 27, 2012

September 26, 2012

In the beaten path: Überhaus club re-opens Graphics cards: computer Nour Turkmani time with a different theme or like Maya Jane Coles and the Staff Writer concept. likes hypnotize dancers all visualization mechinary Tired of your typical Beirut clubs, and seeking something unique and different? Then Überhaus is the place for you. The underground dance nightclub in Hamra, finally re-opened Friday before last and everyone had something great to say about it. AUB civil engineering student, Serge Jeghalian, said, “The music was great, the atmosphere was crazy, and the service was even better. In fact, I got a free drink. I’ve been to many clubs before, but Überhaus is simply beyond belief.” This is because Überhaus isn’t just any club; it has history, authenticity and wildness. As its Facebook page states, “We were the nu-underground. Back in the 1900s we ate the bourgeoisie, and smelled good while we pissed pop. We burned red carpets and swung naked from chandeliers. We had the ace of spades always up our sleeves. We never checked our coats, left the candles burning and always checked out late. And now, we are back from the future.” Located in Leon Street in Hamra, the club opens every Friday and Saturday, each

With only 14 tables, the moderately small Überhaus still manages to be equipped with Dynacord speakers and interactive RGB Led lighting, with a modified pixel wall behind the DJ booth that ensures the sensational music is backed up with an exclusive atmosphere. With its sole purpose being to define itself unlike any other club, Überhaus calls out more specifically to uncompromising electronic music lovers. According to its proprietors, the club is the “all-dancing and all-punching social-faux pas of this city’s nightscape.” “We decided to take on this project to breathe new life into our city,” entertainment manager and resident DJ Romax Maurer told Gino’s Blog. “Überhaus is here to establish Beirut as a must-hit destination for electronic music’s most talented artists ... We’re looking more to the future than to the past. This is a club about the now, this is about audio culture.” In an interview with The Daily Star, Maurer further went on to explain how in the past, nightlife in Beirut was always focused on spending the night gathered around tables. He said that this club will focus more on the dance floor, as the Techno-greats l


night long. “With all honesty I would tell you that the opening of Überhaus served as a night like no other,” said AUB student Sara Samad. “The music was great. The lights had me dizzy, but in a good way. And this club had a touch of darkness and authenticity I have not experienced anywhere.” Überhaus definitely offers one of those experiences that you can’t miss. It is dedicated to those party people seeking something new, different and bold. So if you’re one of those people, with a thirst for an experience unlike any other and haven’t been able to quench it just yet, you definitely know exactly where to spend your next weekend.

Sany Farajalla Staff Writer Your computer can use the resources from the hamsters in your processor, and its short-term memory (RAM) to show you stuff on the screen, assuming of course that you don’t mind everything being so big you can’t see the content. Graphics cards allow your computer to make that stuff look better.

dedicated to nothing but providing you with better eye candy. If you have a laptop, the universal rule does not apply here: 1 GB is good, 2GB is optimal, and anything more means you don’t need this article to begin with. The graphics card is the only part that requires personal maintenance. It has a special kind of software that tells it to do its job, called a driver,

Source: The more powerful the graphics card the better looking the stuff. It’s like controllable gears in an automatic car: yes your car can do without them, but it makes going uphill very difficult. The more control you have on the gears, the easier driving becomes. Graphics cards have two major parts the average consumer should look out for: the number of cores and the amount of dedicated VRAM. Just like in a processor, imagine there are hamsters in a graphics card, except instead of four different hamsters going a colossal speeds, you have a colossal number of hamsters going at middling to fast speeds. These hamsters are the cores. Generally, graphics cards with a few hundred cores (600-750) are good, but buy one with more only if you want to play very high-end games. VRAM should be pretty self-explanatory. The “v” stands for video and we’ve already established that RAM is the computer’s short-term memory. VRAM is a section of this short term memory

which needs to be updated every so often so that the card can work better. Every computer has a pre-installed driver, and you can check if it needs updating with only a few clicks. The only difficult part is being aware of what kind of graphics card you are dealing with. If you can’t find it anywhere on your machine, you can generally find out by looking your computer up on the internet. But even this comes down to nothing more than writing down and remembering a name. That just about wraps it up for the most basic explanation of computer jargon. Here’s a final recap of the parts in order of importance: RAM > Storage > Processor > Graphics card. Here’s to a future free of mud huts.

Columns · 9

November 27, 2012

September 26, 2012

Environmental Column: Internal factors drain Lebanon’s water

Yara Zeitoun Staff Writer

After last week’s introduction to the problems Lebanon faces regarding water, it should be clear that the country, relatively speaking, has a good amount of water, but that the problem is mismanagement. But how much water does Lebanon really get? Although Mediterranean in climate, Lebanon is known to have one of the greatest amounts of rainfall in the Middle East, along with Turkey and Iran. It is estimated that the country has an average yearly flow

of 8,600 million cubic meters, and an average coastal rainfall of approximately 893 millimeters per year, all of which give rise to 40 major streams and rivers, and more than 2000 springs. This is why Lebanon is known as the “the envy of more arid regional countries” like neighboring country Jordan. To get an idea of just how much rainfall this country receives, Deir Alla, Jordan, does not get more than 70 millimeters of rain per month. Lebanon is geographically blessed. The World Bank stated that Lebanon has water resources “equivalent to 1,100 cubic meters per capita, one of the

highest levels in the Middle East and North Africa region,” yet problems still exist, due to government carelessness. Lebanon’s water is decreasing in quality and quantity, and “is poised to experience a water deficit within 10 to 15 years.” The solutions are obvious, yet nothing has been done yet: governmental bodies must increase investments for sewage and groundwater infrastructure, as well as attempt to catch rain, rather than let it flow on asphalt directly to the sea. On a social level, the government must enforce water saving awareness throughout

all of Lebanon’s education systems. The Lebanese population is not taught to preserve water, but rather wastes it by leaving nearly full water bottles behind or letting tap water run. Externally, global warming is also affecting Lebanon’s water resources. As a coastal country, Lebanon faces issues with rising sea levels. Seawater intrudes into pure aquifers (reserves of water), leaving them unusable. Yet another external issue is Lebanon’s aggressively warm summer season, which does not give its groundwater a chance to replenish itself. “The recklessness with

Even you are not immune: Cholesterol in young adults Joy Ismail Special to Outlook

Cholesterol is something we have all heard about, mostly from our parents, uncles or grandparents. We watch the older people in our families eat in moderation and eliminate fats from their diets because high cholesterol levels can lead to cardiovascular diseases or a stroke. However, what most people do not know is that cholesterol is no longer an issue for older individuals only. Nowadays, young adults are dealing with high cholesterol levels even at the age of 20.

Cholesterol is a molecule in our body that, if present in high amounts in the blood, could lead to the blockage of arteries by forming plaque. High-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein are two different molecules that affect levels of cholesterol in the body. HDL is good for the body because it collects the excess cholesterol in the tissues and blood. On the other hand, LDL contains a lot of cholesterol and circulates in the blood, contributing to the building of plaque in arteries. A diet high in saturated fat can increase the levels of LDL in

the blood. With the advance in new scientific research, it is becoming increasingly obvious that young individuals are not at all safe from having high cholesterol levels and health complications. To avoid being at risk of heart disease, blood cholesterol levels should not exceed 200 milligrams per deciliter. However, for one-third of young adults, this is not the case. Genetics, a poor diet, an excessively sedentary lifestyle and obesity are all risk factors. As a result of these findings, health institutions are paying

more attention to the young when it comes to cholesterol. It is now recommended that younger people be tested for cholesterol at least every five years. In families with a medical history of high blood cholesterol and heart disease, even children are being tested. To prevent the development of such diseases, young adults should first be aware that they are not safe from having health issues related to cholesterol. You are what you eat, and if you eat fast-food meals every day then cholesterol is bound to catch up with you sometime. It is much easier for young

Food column: Lebanese organic food directory Nour Turkmani Staff writer

If you’re one of the many people who are looking to go organic in Beirut, you’re in luck. When raiding your grandparent’s orchards for fresh organic fruit isn’t an option, try visiting one of Beirut’s organic food stores. If you live in the Hamra area and are looking for a place to buy organic produce, be sure to check out Souk el Ard every Tuesday, right outside Bread Republic. This market will give you a chance to buy the freshest local produce in an urban environment. Many organic foods

are sold there, although not all of them have been certified yet. Beirut Health Store is another must-see store for the organic food lover. Located on Makdessi Street, it offers a wide range of organic products, beyond produce. If you live farther away or just want to pick up some organic products at your regular grocery store, be on the lookout for Biomass products, which are local, organic, certified and carried by most major grocery stores in Lebanon. You can also visit A New Earth Organic Store in Zahrat El Ihsan Street in Ashrafieh for a cozy marketplace, Al

Marej Organic Food Store, also in Ashrafieh, on Abdel Wahab El Inglizi Street or Souk el Tayeb every Saturday at Saifi Village. AUB has also been actively encouraging organic food farming in Lebanon. Healthy Basket, a certified organic food project started in 2001 by AUB has gained quite the following. The project works with a network of local organic farmers and distributes the in-season products weekly to customers’ doorsteps in baskets. Healthy Basket also has a store on Adonis Street in Hamra and participates in the Tuesday Earth Market.

You can sign up online to have your fruits and veggies delivered weekly or drop by the store in person to pick some up. For the online shopping lovers, will also deliver to you the freshest Lebanese organic produce with just a few clicks. Finally, if you’re interest in organic restaurants in the area, check out Brisk on Hamra Street for the classic European “self-serve” concept and tasty organic food, or Tawlet in Mar Mikhael Street for some organic Lebanese food. Although organic certification is still a growing industry in Lebanon, there is willing-

which Lebanon’s water is wasted is nothing short of criminal,” said reporter from NOW, Hanin Ghaddar. “Before it is too late, the Lebanese policymakers and public alike must recognize the need for proper water management.” It is a sad day when Lebanon’s government is careless enough to beat global warming in the destruction of the only and most important natural resource, water.

people to work around cholesterol, because their bodies tolerate new habits more than older adults’ bodies. Nothing should be forbidden from their diet, but foods that are very heavy in saturated fats should be consumed in moderation. These include fried foods, lard and butter. Whole grains and other fiber-containing foods such as fruits and oats should replace these fatty meals whenever possible. Exercise and a normal body weight are also recommended.

ness from both farmers and consumers to get into the organic food craze. We can control what we put into our bodies, and shelling out a few extra dollars for pesticide-free, nutritious products seems well worth it. It seems that the only sector of Lebanese organic products that is still lagging behind is meat. Try opting for your local butcher rather than the meat section of a larger grocery store. For the time being, that’s the best you can hope for.

10 . Arts and Culture

November 27, 2012

September 26, 2012

Hamra personality of the week: Ahmad Dakoub

Movie Review: Breaking Dawn - Part 2

Kanzi Kamel Both have other decent films News Executive on their resumes, but I don’t Nerces Arslanian ed Al-Safir, a daily Lebanese think even Sean Connery’s fiStaff Writer publication, as his favorite First things first, let us all nesse could have saved such a among most newspapers. Anyone walking past the “I like their style of writ- raise our hands in a cel- horrid script. ebratory cheer for the end of cafeteria might chance to no- ing,” he said. “Breaking Dawn Part tice a thin, rugged man with Newspapers and magazines the dreadful series that has graying hair. He can be found play an integral part of our plagued our lives for the past 2,” unfortunately, was no difin his usual spot near the en- lives by keeping us up to date seven years. “Twilight” is no ferent. True to the nature of trance to the Post Office, with with what’s going on in the more. the other three films, the a stack of newspapers and a world. It’s by reaching out to newsstand full of magazines the community at large that propped by his side. newspapers do their job. His name is Ahmad Dakoub While most people in our and he has been working as generation feel comfortable AUB’s newspaper vendor for accessing the news through over 10 years. the convenience of the InterWhen he’s not observing net, most thoroughly wellthe crowd of people pass- reported and well-written aring by in the AUB morning ticles tend to be published in “rush hour,” he sits in his print, as more thought is put corner, flipping through his into them than online articles. own newspapers, browsing -- This is not to say that onthrough headlines and read- line blogs or writings are an ing articles. inferior form of journalism or Source: Dakoub is happy to be part self-expression. of the AUB community. He The presence of Dakoub, Despite both the books and last in the famous saga was works on weekdays and Sat- the newspaper vendor, adds the films being consistently marked with half-hearted acturdays from 6 a.m. to 1 p.m. a certain cultural touch that horrid, I’ve somehow man- ing and laugh-worthy dramatand considers AUB to be his is quickly disintegrating in aged to read and see them all. ics, and was an all-around dissecond home. our fast paced computerized Admittedly, I did go through appointment. Needless to say, “I’ve been here for a long world. an initial vamp phase. After if you’re thinking about paytime,” he said. “I’ve come to all, what pre-teen girl could ing to see it, don’t. The only know a lot of people over the resist the charm of Edward possible excuse for going to years working here, and meetCullen? see this would be mine: the ing all these people makes me Thankfully, the first of the nostalgia value, and nothing feel right at home.” four films put a stop to all that more. Dakoub is known for keepnonsense. Kristen Stewart’s That being said, this film ing track of what his clients emotionless gaping at the aldid happen to be the best of read. most painfully stiff acting of the four. Though the recur“There was this one cusRobert Pattinson knocked any ring actors didn’t exactly give tomer who travelled a lot,” he recalled. “One day, he came lingering emotions I might much to the screenplay, judgback from a flight and was have had for Stephenie Mey- ing by the sighs I heard, I can surprised to see me handing er’s best sellers right out of safely assume the entirety of him his usual magazine.” me. Now, that’s not to say I the female audience was conDakoub himself is an avid Photocredit: Mohammad Azzam don’t respect K-Patz in reality. tent. Jacob Black, played by reader of newspapers and cit-

Album Review: Every Kingdom – Ben Howard

Yara Zeitoun Staff Writer

If you haven’t heard of Ben Howard, you need to YouTube his music immediately. That is, immediately after reading this article. First, an introduction is necessary. A British musician and hardcore surfer, Ben Howard is 25 years old, but has the experience and talent of someone in his 40s. Surfing is an important part of his life. It is

his muse, and you can almost taste the saline water when listening to his albums. Many of his interviews, reveal that he became famous because of playing for surfing communities all over the world. My ears wilt and drool at the very first strum of his newest album, “Every Kingdom.” He sings with spirited passion, and yet he is real and my, what a rarity to find such emotion in today’s plethora

of cheap music. His music and lyrics are authentic, and genuine to him and his life. The album was produced by a simple three-person band comprised of him, a female cellist/singer/guitarist and a drummer. Most songs begin with rhythmic finger plucking for the first few measures, followed by a soft undertone of steady, but not overwhelming drumming. Then, occasionally, you’ll find a crescendo of

cello crawling up and out that blends in the loveliest of ways with the music. But, my favourite part of the album is Howard’s singing. His voice is soothing and chocolatey, like a cup of hot cocoa. It’s comforting and makes you warm from the inside out, like sitting next to a crackling fire on a cold day. My advice? Buy the album now, and set “The Wolves” as your morning alarm. Trust me, it will give you a rea-

the impressively ripped Taylor Lautner, went shirtless (as usual) for about 90 percent of the film. Thankfully, this detracted from his less-than Hollywood-worthy acting. Surprisingly enough, “Breaking Dawn Part 2,” also had an extremely well-staged fight sequence in which more than one of the most irritating vampires had their heads ripped off and burned. To my immense disappointment (those avoiding spoilers would do well to skip the rest of this story) the scene ended, only to have never happened. That’s right folks, the highlight of the entire four movies was just a vision. One of Alice’s visions of the future, to be precise, and one that was avoided in the end. The film ended as typically as ever: Bella and Edward holding hands, skipping off in the sunset, and wiping the fresh blood of their most recent kill off their chins. Thank God that’s over.

son for waking up from your dreams and getting ready for reality.


November 27, 2012

Entertainment . 11

September 26, 2012


Sidon Nour Shurbaji


Contributing Writer

I end the race. I am the beginning of the end. The start of eternity and the end of space. There are two of me in Heaven and one in hell. I am in water, fire, sunshine and darkness. I am the beginning of earth and the end of life. What am I?

Have you ever heard about The place that welcomes you With gardens of lemons and bananas?

Answer: The letter E.

I rhyme with fight and bright and light.

For a thousand years in the harbor

When in plural form, I keep girls warm.

Has taught them dignity

My situation allows for little motion.

Has been the shelter, has been the shield.

I’m never loose and that’s the truth.

Have you ever been that patient

What am I?

To watch patience, to learn patience? Answer: Tight

Sudoku Source:

The crusaders' sea castle that has stood

The fisherman there, after a long day Brings his wife a fully tanned face, A half naked body, a sea-sick mind Yet little money can he find Every street there, every square, Has the name of a martyr. Every child in Sidon Will always give an innocent smile But will never reveal the secret About the bond between victory And the gardens of lemons and bananas.

‫‪September 26, 2012‬‬

‫‪ 27‬تشرين الثاني‪2012 ،‬‬

‫حين يغنّي الياسمين ‪12 .‬‬

‫و�ضاع اجلرح‬ ‫َ‬ ‫هادي مراد من “وضا َع اجلرح”‬

‫الذاكرة احلمراء‬

‫خذوا اإلستقالل يا دُعاةَ الوطن‪...‬‬ ‫نحلم‪...‬‬ ‫وانصرفوا‪ ...‬كفانا‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫وكفاكُم ت َ ِهبوننا الوسائد‪...‬كي‬ ‫ننام‪...‬‬ ‫َ‬ ‫‪...‬نحب الكلمات‬ ‫شعب‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ُّ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫نح ُ‬ ‫ونحب أن نسم َع “األخبار” بع ّدة‬ ‫ُّ‬ ‫لغات‬ ‫نتراصف على موسيقاها‪...‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ويُق ّبلُ‬ ‫بعضنا املذيعات‪...‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫وتصبح كلُّ “قنا ٍة” وطن‪...‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫رأس العلم‪...‬‬ ‫ة‬ ‫الشاش‬ ‫وتصبح‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫وتقول لي عيدي استقالل؟‬

‫تفتحون ُه‪....‬‬ ‫الظالم‪...‬‬ ‫مع‬ ‫ة‬ ‫عاهد‬ ‫وكلِّ ُم‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫كنتم‬ ‫الضوء مات أو قُتل‪...‬‬ ‫أفأين‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫الرُّعاة‪...‬‬ ‫عظمون احلق ّ‪ ...‬وتنتحلون‬ ‫تُ ّ‬ ‫الصفات‪....‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫سمو َن ّ‬ ‫الشوار َع بأسمائكم‪...‬‬ ‫تُ ّ‬ ‫واحلارات‪...‬‬ ‫صيف‪....‬وطن‪...‬‬ ‫ويصبح الر ّ ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫وجلُّ‬ ‫الشعب ُمشاة‪...‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫الزمور نشيد‪...‬‬ ‫وهذا ّ‬ ‫وقلب ّ‬ ‫الشعبِ حديد‪...‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ونح ُن السبايا على الطريق‪...‬‬ ‫وتقول لي عيدي استقالل؟‬

‫خذوا اإلستقالل يا دُعاة الوطن‪...‬‬ ‫خذوا األرزَ‪...‬وهل بقي من األرزِ‬ ‫شيء لتأخذو ُه؟‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫كيف‬ ‫خذوا الفينيق‪ ...‬وعلّمو ُه َ‬ ‫ميوت‪...‬‬ ‫جاب التاريخ‪...‬‬ ‫َ‬ ‫وسط‬ ‫من‬ ‫فقامت‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫البحرعشتروت‪...‬‬ ‫ثم رحل‪...‬‬ ‫إ ّن في ّ‬ ‫الطير جراحاً‪ ،‬يا دُعاةَ‬ ‫السالم‪...‬‬ ‫باب‬ ‫ولكم اخلز ّي‪ ،‬في كل ٍ‬

‫سيان‪...‬‬ ‫وطني‪ ،‬وضا َع‬ ‫اجلرح في النّ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ماء تنسى‪...‬‬ ‫فال أنا أذكرُ‪ ...‬وال ّ‬ ‫الس ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫وكالنا في احلالتني حروف ع ّل ٍة‪...‬‬ ‫نُ ُ‬ ‫األوطان‪...‬‬ ‫حذف من “آخ ِر”‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫إن ّي أراني والبالدُ حزينةٌ‪...‬‬ ‫فلما تتردّدو َن يا دعاة الوطن؟‬ ‫ُخذوا كلّ شيء‪...‬‬ ‫األفق البيعد كواكبا ً دُريّةً‪...‬‬ ‫إن في‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫صوفيةً‪...‬‬ ‫وأرزةً‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫حيث أنتم‪...‬‬ ‫وبنانا ً تشير ُ إلى‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫تيك األيادي‪...‬‬ ‫فهلاّ أخذمت َ‬ ‫ورحلتم‪...‬‬

‫الزهراء ماجد‬

‫حقوق نشرها‪ ،‬أنت‪.‬‬

‫خريطة م�شاعري‬

‫على طاولتك‬ ‫أسترد روحي‬ ‫أصور لقطات من الفرح‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أغار منها‪:‬‬ ‫قنينة مائك‪،‬‬ ‫محط ثغرك‪..‬‬ ‫أوراقك املبعثرة‪،‬‬ ‫محط عقلك‪..‬‬ ‫طعامك‪،‬‬ ‫فرحة قلبك‪.‬‬ ‫أغار من الطرقات‬ ‫وجهاز حاسوبك‬ ‫حيث متشي ويحط رحالك‬ ‫وأفكارك‬ ‫بآلة صغيرة‬ ‫وقلبي آلتي‬ ‫ش بذبذبات ألكترونية‬ ‫مهم ٌ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫موقعها أنت‬ ‫حديثها أنت‬

‫تفاصيلك الصغيرة‪.‬‬ ‫بيتك‪ ،‬دفئي‬ ‫هويتي‪.‬‬ ‫خريطة مشاعري‬ ‫سهرك‪ ،‬تعبك‬ ‫حياتك‪..‬‬ ‫أرسم منها حياتي‪.‬‬

‫خذوها وانصرفوا‪...‬‬ ‫خذوا اإلستقالل معكم‪...‬‬ ‫إن كا َن وجودكم يعني‬ ‫اإلستقالل‪...‬‬ ‫ننام على وسائ ٍد من‬ ‫ودعونا ُ‬ ‫حرير‪...‬‬ ‫ودعوا النهرَ‪...‬كي يعودَ اخلرير‪...‬‬ ‫حتى احمل ّبة في وطنكم‪،‬‬ ‫تبيعونها‪...‬‬ ‫شيء في‬ ‫بقي‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫يا أسياد‪...‬هل َ‬ ‫العمل ِة لم تشترون ُه‪...‬؟‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫أخاف أن أُباعَ‪...‬‬ ‫إني‬ ‫وإن ّي أراني ال أُقاوم‪...‬‬ ‫اإلسم‪ ...‬ودعوا لي األرض‪...‬‬ ‫خذوا‬ ‫َ‬ ‫حتى الهوية‪...‬ال أُري ُدها‪...‬‬ ‫وجدت في جيوبكم مثلَها‪...‬‬ ‫إذ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫فبيني وبينكم فرقٌ كبير‪...‬‬

‫اخلطوط النهائية‪ :‬قبل أن تصعد‬ ‫ملك حلبي‬ ‫السيارة‬ ‫متطوعة‬ ‫كاتبة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مقعدك سيبقى شاغراً‪ ..‬لن‬ ‫أستبدل القبطان‪ .‬و لكن حان‬ ‫يجلس في مقهى مزدحم‬ ‫الوقت كي أفلت يدك و تفلت‬ ‫بفناجني القهوة السوداء‪.‬‬ ‫مقهى كانا يرتادانه سوياً‪ ،‬مزدحم يدي‪ .‬من العبث‪ ..‬من العبث‪..‬‬ ‫أن نتمسك‬ ‫بفناجني الذاكرة احلمراء‪.‬‬ ‫قرب املنفضة‪ ..‬كتلة جرائد‪ ..‬أقدم‬ ‫كانت دائما ً تتعمد أن تضرب‬ ‫واحدة‪ ،‬تاريخها يعود إلى ثالث‬ ‫له موعدا ً هناك عندما يكون‬ ‫سنوات للوراء‪.‬‬ ‫الطقس ثائرا ً و عندما يكونان‬ ‫بركانني في عز االندالع‪ .‬كانت‬ ‫كان ينوي أن يبحث عن تاريخ‬ ‫تلقي على هذا املقهى لقب‬ ‫اليوم الذي وضع قصتهما في‬ ‫“مقهى أبراكدابرا”‪.‬‬ ‫صفحة “حوادث القضاء و القدر”‬ ‫فمهما توترت و تشنجت و‬ ‫اظطربت عالقتهما كان يكفي أن‬ ‫جتتاز أقدامهما عتبة هذا املقهى‬ ‫حتى يهدأ الطقس!‬

‫وطني إمياني‪...‬‬ ‫وأنتم ال تعرفون في احلياة “اهلل”‪...‬‬

‫و لكن مفعوله بطل‪..‬‬ ‫فاجتازاه السنة على عدد أوراق‬ ‫اللعب و ما هدأ بوسيدون و ال‬ ‫زيوس و نوح كان يفشل في بناء‬ ‫السفينة‪..‬‬ ‫يشرب شايا ً ساخنا ً كي يلغي‬ ‫مفعول الصقيع الذي أحدثه‬ ‫رحيلها‪..‬‬ ‫قالت له أخر مرة بعد أن رسما‬

‫فريال فقيه‬

‫فريال فقيه‬

‫خططنا تستهلك عقولنا‬ ‫فيأتي قلبنا ليخرق تنظيمنا‬ ‫يا لهذا الثائر اجل ّبار‪..‬‬ ‫ما هدفه؟ سوى إشعال النار!‬ ‫جتاهلنا يستنفذ كبرياءنا‬ ‫فتأتي معرفتنا لتوقظ صدمتنا‬ ‫يا لهذه املعرفة الكاشفة‬ ‫لألسرار‪..‬‬ ‫ما هدفها؟ سوى ردم الدمار!‬

‫كيف أكون عربية؟‬ ‫كيف انتمي لهذه الهوية؟‬ ‫اللغة؟ ننطقها دون أن نفهمها‬ ‫األرض؟ ندوسها لننجسها‬ ‫الوالدة؟ لم نعرفها يوماً‪...‬‬ ‫فهل من مولودٍ ال يصرخ؟‬ ‫رضيع ال يشعر بحضن‬ ‫هل من‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫من اعطاه احلياة؟‬ ‫لقد ولدنا أمواتاً‪ ،‬رافضني احلضن‬ ‫الذي كان ينتظرنا حياةً‪.‬‬ ‫رافضني الوطن الذي وجد ليكون‬ ‫احلضن‪.‬‬ ‫لكننا خلقنا لنحزن بالدنا‬ ‫فالسعادة ارعبتنا‪،‬‬ ‫ألنها تأتي مع الوالدة‪.‬‬ ‫فالوالدة مشقة‬ ‫أما املوت فمذلة‪.‬‬ ‫العروبة ليست مذلة‬ ‫العروبة لم تعرف الوالدة ‪..‬بعد‪.‬‬ ‫والوطن لم يشعر باألمومة‪..‬بعد‪.‬‬

‫وتقولون لي عيدي استقالل؟‬ ‫اجليش‪...‬البقية‬ ‫هلل‬ ‫حمى ا ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الوحيدة ملساحة اسمها الوطن‪.‬‬

‫يا عاقد القلبني الوالدة‬

‫أملنا يسجد أمام خجلنا‬ ‫فتأتي نظراتنا لتركع لصمتنا‬ ‫يا لهذا احملرّك لإلصرار‪..‬‬ ‫ما الهدف؟ سوى قيامة اإلنهيار!‬ ‫لذلك قل لي‪...‬‬ ‫ملاذا نعتاد الهروب والواقع‬ ‫يالحقنا؟‬ ‫ملاذا نعتاد النكران واحلقيقة‬ ‫تفضحنا؟‬ ‫ونظن أنفسنا أذكياء‪...‬يا للغباء‬

‫‪September 26, 2012‬‬

‫‪ . ١3‬مقابالت وتحقيقات‬ ‫�صال ٌة ت ُ‬ ‫ُطيل ا َّللو َز ِ�ش رْب ًا‬

‫‪ 27‬تشرين الثاني‪2012 ،‬‬

‫شيئا مثل هذا القرآن‪.‬‬ ‫محمد ناصر الدين‬ ‫نخبة كامللك فاروق و ساعدها‬ ‫كما أن املقاومة اإلسالمية لم‬ ‫نوعا ً من أنواع املعرفة و لكننا لم‬ ‫كما أنه ختم مرحلة و جاء‬ ‫كيالي‪:‬‬ ‫الصوت اجلميل و الكلمات‬ ‫يعد لها شاعر يكتب عنها‪.‬‬ ‫نعرف ماهيته بعد‪.‬‬ ‫حاوره عالء ّ‬ ‫الراقية‪ .‬املواضيع التي طرحتها أم مبرحلة جديدة‪ .‬املرحلة القدمية‬ ‫يجب أن نعلم أن الشعر الثوري‬ ‫*الكتاب بعنوان “صالةٌ تطيل‬ ‫يدور بعض الكتَّاب العرب في‬ ‫كلثوم هي مواضيع عادية كاحلب كان فيها الشعر بوقا ً للقبائل‬ ‫هو شعر مرحلي و الشاعر هو‬ ‫اللوز شبراً” ‪:‬‬ ‫فلك املكتبات و البعض اآلخر‬ ‫و الغرام و العشق و بعض األغاني كالترحال و الهجرة‪ .‬و بعد القرآن البوق اإلعالمي ملرحلته‪.‬‬ ‫سيصدر كتابي األول بعنوان “‬ ‫مبقهى ككرَّاس ٍة‬ ‫أصبح الشعر شعر معرفة ألن‬ ‫الثورية‪.‬‬ ‫هل يجب أن يحمل الشعر الثوري صالةٌ تطيل اللوز شبراً” عن دار‬ ‫يختار طاول ًة ً‬ ‫ً‬ ‫إلبداعه‪.‬‬ ‫أم كلثوم كانت هرما من أهرامات بعض الشعراء حملوا قيم القرآن راية الشعر العامي ليضمن‬ ‫النهضة العربية في معرض‬ ‫شعر املقاهي هو شعر كسول‪.‬‬ ‫و ألسبوا قصائدهم زيَّه‪.‬‬ ‫مصر كما كانت فيروز األرزة‬ ‫وصوله لفئته؟‬ ‫الكتاب “البييل”‪ .‬و يتضمن ‪60‬‬ ‫فأفضل ُّ‬ ‫اللبنانية بل اجتازت لبنان ليصل‬ ‫سجل أنا عربي هي قصيدة‬ ‫قصيدة من الشعر النثري‪ .‬هو‬ ‫الشعراء هم القرَّاء‪ ،‬ألنَّ‬ ‫املقهى ال يعطي أدبا ً و إن أعطى‬ ‫صداها إلى البلدان العربية كافة الفرح ليس منا‪ ،‬هل احلزن و‬ ‫فصيحة و موزونة و أعلنت‬ ‫عبارة عن تأمالت‪ ،‬أفكار فلسفية‬ ‫فيكون ضعيفا ً و ال يرقى السم‬ ‫فال يكتمل صباح عربي بدون‬ ‫الكآبة هي قوت الشاعر و الكاتب وصولها لكافة فئات اجملتمع‪.‬‬ ‫مغطاة و فيه نوع من الثورة و‬ ‫األدب‪.‬‬ ‫العربي؟‪*:‬‬ ‫شذاها‪ .‬و سبب ابتعادها عن‬ ‫و أهازيج الثورة اجلزائرية و التي‬ ‫التمرد على القوالب‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫الفرح ليس منا لظروفنا‬ ‫* الكاتب العربي غالبا ما ينقسم اإلعالم قد يكون خجلها فهي‬ ‫كتبت باللهجة العامية اجلزائرية هو ليس بشعر مباشر بل هو‬ ‫بني مهنته التي تؤ ِّمن له رمق‬ ‫خجولة جدا ً لكنها واضحة‬ ‫متعب يحتاج للبحث عن‬ ‫التاريخية فإن ثقافتنا هي ثقافة ليست مفهومة لنصف العالم شعر ِ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ً‬ ‫سوداء و حربية‪ .‬و غالبا ما ينتج‬ ‫احلياة و كتابته التي تؤمن له رمق مبواقفها و ذلك يكون جليَّا‬ ‫العربي “املشرق” و لذلك باعتقادي الفكرة بني الكلمات‪.‬‬ ‫اخليال‪ .‬فأين الكاتب العربي بني‬ ‫األلم شعرا ً رائعاً‪.‬‬ ‫مبعظم أغانيها كأغنية “ألجلك‬ ‫الشعر الفصحى يفي بالغرض‪.‬‬ ‫ترى فيه قلق اإلنسان في كل‬ ‫املهنة و األدب؟‬ ‫يا مدينة الصالة و قصائدها‬ ‫و إذا أتينا لنعرج على قضية‬ ‫زمان‪ .‬و أكون كالطفل أحيانا‬ ‫*الشعر الشعبي و الشعر‬ ‫الكاتب يحتاج ألن يعطي الوقت لدمشق” و تبنت حنجرتها‬ ‫من أهم القضيايا العربية و هي‬ ‫أنظر إلى األشياء بدون أحكام‬ ‫الكافي ألدبه و ذلك يجبره على‬ ‫القضايا الكبرى كفلسطني‪ .‬كان العاجي‪:‬‬ ‫فلسطني فقبل أوسلو ‪ 1993‬كان مسبقة و أنظر لنفسي من‬ ‫التفرغ لكي يخرج للعالم بأدب‬ ‫الشعر الشعبي هو أهم ألنه‬ ‫لزياد الرحباني تأثيرا ً بشهرتها‬ ‫ميكن القول أن فلسطني كانت‬ ‫الداخل و للعالم خارجيا‪ .‬الكتاب‬ ‫جديد و مبدع‪ .‬فنزار ترك مهنته‬ ‫يواكب مجتمعاتنا كما واكب‬ ‫ألنه أنزلها من برجها العاجي‬ ‫محور الشعر الثوري‪ .‬و لكن االن‬ ‫جريء و يواجه املسلمات و‬ ‫الدبلماسية و تفرغ لألدب فكان‬ ‫أي من مغنية نخبة إلى مغنية‬ ‫الربيع العربي‪ .‬أما الشعر العاجي ال يوجد شعر مركزي‪ ،‬فحماس‬ ‫يضربها ألننا غارقون بها‪.‬‬ ‫جديرا ً بذلك‪.‬‬ ‫فهو شعر النخب‪ “ .‬الشعر هو‬ ‫شعب‪.‬‬ ‫لها شعرها و أدبياتها و حزب‬ ‫إهداء الكتاب هو إلى والدي الذي‬ ‫أما عن طرب هذه األيام و ما يدور ما ينقلنا إلى هناك” أي أنه ما‬ ‫اهلل له شعره‪ .‬فال يوجد قصيدة مات قبل أن أعرفه و للّوزة التي‬ ‫يأخذنا إلى املكان الذي يريده‬ ‫*ما هي األسس التي تؤخذ بعني بفلكه كهيفا مثال ً فهي تُرى و‬ ‫يجتمع حولها العرب قاطبة‪.‬‬ ‫زرعها‪.‬‬ ‫االعتبار في تقييم األديب و الفنان ال تسمع من قبل هذا اجليل ألنه كاتبه‪ .‬مع العلم أن ِّ‬ ‫الشعر‬ ‫والدي زرع اللوزة و أمي صلت‬ ‫عموماً؟‬ ‫ميلك مشكلة مع لغته التي باتت الشعبي هو شعر مرحلي‪.‬‬ ‫*هل ميكن تعلم الشعر أم هو‬ ‫لها و أنا كتبت لألرض و لهما و‬ ‫“األديب احلقيقي هو الذي يصنع‬ ‫تقتصر على الفيس بوك و بعض كالدلعونا هي من أغاني اجلنوب‬ ‫موهبة و ال تعلم‪:‬‬ ‫للسماء‪.‬‬ ‫اخلطوط جملتمع جديد” فأدونيس الوسائل األخرى‪.‬‬ ‫و لكن ليس لها ذات االهمية كما الشعر املوزون من املمكن تعلمه و ضعت قصيدتني بالشعر املوزون‬ ‫اقترب من منطقة محرمة‬ ‫كانت قبل سنني‪.‬‬ ‫إن اجليل اجلديد هو من يحدد‬ ‫و لكن ال ميكن للتفعيله أن‬ ‫ألدلي بالفكرة أن الشاعر الذي‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ً‬ ‫في التعبير ليكون رائد النَّثر‪.‬‬ ‫طبيعة الطرب و الغناء التي يريد‪،‬‬ ‫تعطي شعرا بحد ذاتها‪ .‬فإذا‬ ‫يكتب موزونا قادر على كتابة غير‬ ‫باحلقيقة يبدأ الشعر حينما‬ ‫*إذا أتينا للبحث عن األحداث‬ ‫فهو جيل عملي و ال يريد أن‬ ‫أتينا إلنسان آلي قد يبرمج على‬ ‫ذلك‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ينتهي التاريخ و الفلسفة‪ ،‬و‬ ‫التاريخية‪ ،‬فمعظمها كتبت و‬ ‫يذهب خلف الكالم باحثا عن‬ ‫البحور و يركب كلمات و يصنع‬ ‫لكن أدونيس استطاع أن يكتب‬ ‫دونت بالشعر و لواله ملا علمنا‬ ‫الفكرة‪.‬‬ ‫قصائد موزونة و لكن هل لها‬ ‫التاريخ و الفلسفة بالشعر مع‬ ‫بها‪:‬‬ ‫كيف يكون االتباع الصحيح‬ ‫معنًى كامل و فكرة جديدة‪.‬‬ ‫العلم أن مزج التاريخ بالشعر‬ ‫لشاعر أو أديب‪*:‬‬ ‫اإلغريق كانوا يعتبرون الفلسفة أما عن الشعر املتحرر من الوزن‬ ‫هو أمر ٌ صعب و لكنه جنح في‬ ‫هي الكيان األعلى‪ .‬ألن الشعر‬ ‫عندما تقف أمام فكرة قف‬ ‫فال ميكن اعتبار أي شخص رتب‬ ‫ذلك‪ .‬و كما أن املاغوط جدَّد في‬ ‫يدخل بنطاق احلواس فاعتبروه‬ ‫كالطفل الصغير الذي ال يعلم‬ ‫الكلمات بدون طريقة متماسكة الثلج‬ ‫كائنا ً أدنى‪ .‬و لكن العرب فهموا‬ ‫الشعر كقصيدته الشهيرة “حزن عنها شيئا ً لتكتب ما تريد و‬ ‫بشاعر‪.‬‬ ‫يأكل الطريق‬ ‫في ضوء القمر” فكانا أدونيس‬ ‫ارتباط الشعر باحلياة املتغيرة‬ ‫بطريقتك‪.‬‬ ‫على الشعر أن يحمل قيمة و‬ ‫ورق السنديان‬ ‫ً‬ ‫و خصوصا ِّ‬ ‫و املاغوط رائدا الشعر احلديث و‬ ‫الشعر احلديث ألن‬ ‫العوامل التي تؤثر بالشاعر‬ ‫ليس بالضرورة رسالة فقد تكون سجادة الدرج القدمي‬ ‫هما يرتقيان عن نزار و درويش‪.‬‬ ‫ثقافة العرب ثقافة شفهية و‬ ‫هي التي تصنعه كالعوامل‬ ‫القيمة فلسفية أو معرفية‪.‬‬ ‫احلائط‬ ‫تعتمد على الثقافة و البالغة‬ ‫أما نزار فكان آخر شاعر تفعيلي‪ .‬النفسيَّة‪ .‬و غيرها فأدونيس‬ ‫فإذا ألغيت القصيدة التقليدية‬ ‫تزوج الظل والقذيفة‬ ‫تناول مواضيع محرمة باجملتمع‬ ‫فقدسوا الشعر‪.‬‬ ‫انتمى للحزب القومي و انفصل‬ ‫فعليك أن حتملها شيئا ً يعوضها صالة امك‬ ‫كاملرأة و قارب املنطقة احلمراء‬ ‫عنه ألن سعاده كان يعطي‬ ‫عن غياب بنيتها‪.‬‬ ‫تطيل اللوزة شبرا‬ ‫كاجملتمع و نظرته لنفسه‬ ‫*الشعر الثوري و املقاوم‪:‬‬ ‫األولولية للمجتمع “العقل هو‬ ‫االيدي القصيرة‬ ‫و التناقضات في اجلتمعات‬ ‫األساس” و أدونيس شاعر صوفي‬ ‫*الشعر بني املنطق و الالمنطق‪:‬‬ ‫ال تصل الى اهلل‬ ‫الشرقية‪.‬‬ ‫و الصوفييون ميجدون الشخص‪ .‬على املستوى الرسمي العربي‬ ‫أدونيس “ليس من الضروري أن‬ ‫ذاب الثلج‬ ‫و الكبير مظفر النواب عالمة‬ ‫ال يوجد إجماع على القضية‬ ‫في بدايتي تأثرت بشعراء كبار‬ ‫يخضع الشعر لقوانني العقل”‬ ‫كنسوا الدرج‬ ‫فارقة بالشعر العربي‪ .‬هو جريء‬ ‫كنزار و املاغوط و مزقت كتاباتي الفلسطينية‪.‬كما أنه مت تقزمي‬ ‫حامد الغزالي‪“ :‬أنا إذا نظرت‬ ‫قصوا اللوزة‬ ‫األولى ألنني رأيت فيها تأثرا ً‬ ‫و سليط اللسان‪ .‬و صف احلكام‬ ‫القضايا العربية و هذا الضخ‬ ‫باحلواس للنجوم أعتبر النجوم‬ ‫هدموا احلائط‬ ‫العرب مبا فيهم كقصائده‬ ‫اإلعالمي أشغل العرب عن‬ ‫واضحا ً بهما‪.‬‬ ‫نقطة صغيرة بالسماء و يأتي‬ ‫سهت امك في الصالة‬ ‫القضايا الكبرى‪.‬‬ ‫*تأثير القرآن الكرمي بالشعر‬ ‫العقل ليقول أن ضوءها الطفيف غاب اهلل خيف الغيم‬ ‫“تل الزعتر‪ ،‬و تريات ليلية” و إنَّ‬ ‫لم يكتب شاعر ٌ مشهور‬ ‫مجتمعاتنا ال تتقبل شعره ألنها العربي‪:‬‬ ‫ال يدعي صغرها و إمنا هي كوكب قطعت رأسك‬ ‫متارس الفحشاء باخلفاء‪.‬‬ ‫باستثناء “محمد علي شمس‬ ‫القرآن الكرمي حتدى العرب و‬ ‫كبير”‪.‬‬ ‫وبكيت‬ ‫و باملرور على الطرب و الغناء‬ ‫الدين و حلمي سالم” عن‬ ‫لغتهم‪“ .‬آلم” و كأن اهلل يقول‬ ‫فكما العقل يصلح للحواس‪،‬‬ ‫فهما يعطيان فكرة عن اجملتمع هذه حروفكم أيها العرب و هذه‬ ‫املقاومات العربية‪ .‬بعضهم كتب ميكن أن تأتي احلواس لتصلح‬ ‫و درجة رقيه‪.‬‬ ‫احلروف هي التي تعلمتم بها‬ ‫بعنوان لبنان‪ .‬و السؤال “ألم يعد للعقل‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫فأم كلثوم مثال ً بدأت مطربة‬ ‫الشعر و املعلقات فاصنعوا لي‬ ‫للحالة املقاومة شاعر ميجدها؟” أحيانا الالمنطق ميكن أن يكون‬

‫‪September 26, 2012‬‬

‫‪ 27‬تشرين الثاني ‪2012‬‬

‫آراء حرة ‪١4 .‬‬

‫ال�ضاد! ا�ستثما ُر ّ‬ ‫ال�شباب يف جتربة اجلامعة‬ ‫ال ّتاء مربوطة بالعني نادت‪:‬تعالوا نحمي ّ‬

‫نور الشربجي‬ ‫كاتبة صحافية‬

‫“ هنا جذوري هنا قلبي هنا لغتي‬ ‫العشق‬ ‫أوض ُح؟ هل في‬ ‫فكيف ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫العربية ثالث‬ ‫إيضاح؟” أتت اللّغة‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫املعايير التي أوْق َ َعت نزار ق ّباني‬ ‫أما درويش فقد‬ ‫ِّ‬ ‫بحب دمشق ‪ّ ،‬‬ ‫سواها بجذوره حني قال “من‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫لغتي ولدْ ُت على طريق الهند‬ ‫بني قبيلتني صغيرتني عليهما‬ ‫قمر الديانات القدمية”‪ .‬و قد ع ّبر‬ ‫أنطون سعادة عن تعلّقه بلغته‬ ‫الضاد”‪.‬‬ ‫فقال “نحن ُحماة ّ‬ ‫ماس ٍة‬ ‫حقّ ا ‪ ،‬نحن اليوم بحاج ٍة ّ‬ ‫الضاد”‪ .‬فأذكر‬ ‫إلى من يحمي” ّ‬ ‫عندما بدأت أنا و أصدقائي‬ ‫عملية التحضير‬ ‫في املدرسة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫للتدابير و األوراق الالزمة‬ ‫للتسجيل في اجلامعة األمريكية‬ ‫في بيروت أخبرنا أحدهم أن ّه‬ ‫يقيم‬ ‫ميكننا أن نخضع المتحان ّ‬ ‫العربية و أن ّه من‬ ‫مستوى لغتنا‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫املعروف في اجلامعة أ ّن عددا ً‬ ‫يتعمدون‬ ‫كبيرا ً من الطالب‬ ‫ّ‬

‫األمريكية أو فرنسا الذين يأتون‬ ‫الرسوب في هذا االمتحان‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ال ّت‬ ‫قييمي ليستطيعوا تسجيل عبر برنامج تبادل الطالب فكنْ ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫عربي ‪201‬أ و هي املادة األضعف‪ ،‬أراقب بعضهم من الفتيات‬ ‫فتحمس أغلبهم و اعتبروه أمرا ً اللواتي ك ّن يعشن معي في‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫السكن اجلامعي نفسه و ه ّن‬ ‫بديهياً‪.‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ميضني معظم وقته ّن في تعلم‬ ‫لم يكذب من نَوَّر صديقي بهذه‬ ‫الذهبية التي يبدو أن ّها اللغة العربية من خالل القراءة‬ ‫النصيحة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫و الكتابة و االستماع لنشرات‬ ‫لية‬ ‫أصبحت من اإلرشادات األو ّ ّ‬ ‫العربية ‪ ،‬و‬ ‫احملطات‬ ‫على‬ ‫األخبار‬ ‫التي تُعطى للطالب اجلدد‪ .‬فقد‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫دخلت إلى اجلامعة و ها أنا أعيش لن أنسى ما قالته لي إحداهن‬ ‫مرة حني سألتها عن رأيها في‬ ‫سنتي الثالثة و ما زال الطالب‬ ‫لغتنا فقالت أن ّها بذلت جهدا ً‬ ‫يتباهون بنجاحهم الباهر في‬ ‫كبيرا ً لتتعلّم كيف تلفظ‬ ‫الرسوب في هذا االمتحان الذي‬ ‫انصدمت حني‬ ‫حرف القاف و قد‬ ‫يخولهم دخول طبقة ‪201‬‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مييز بينه و‬ ‫ال‬ ‫اللبناني‬ ‫أن‬ ‫الحظت‬ ‫قانون‬ ‫ن‬ ‫أ‬ ‫العلم‬ ‫مع‬ ‫ة‪.‬‬ ‫امللكي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫بني األلف‪.‬‬ ‫اجلامعة ال يفرض علينا إال مادة‬ ‫عربية واحدة وحيدة في بل ٍد أرَدْت َ ُه‬ ‫عربيا أم كيانا ً سوريّا أم وهما ً‬ ‫هذا هو حال طالب اجلامعة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫األمريكية في بيروت الذي يعكس‬ ‫فينيقيا لكن لغته األم تبقى‬ ‫حال اجملتمع اللبناني الذي على‬ ‫عربية‪ .‬هذا بعيدا ً عن اللّبناني‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وشك أن يدفن بعض أحرفه في‬ ‫الذي يحمل جنسية أو شهادة‬ ‫مدرسية أجنبية فهو األوفر حظا ً األرض التي قدموسها أجنب أول‬ ‫احلروف و ص ّدرها للعالم‪.‬‬ ‫“الضاد”‪.‬‬ ‫إذ يُعفا متاما ً من مرارة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أما طالب اجلامعة األجانب‬ ‫كأولئك من الواليات املتحدة‬

‫بني غزة و�أخواتها ‪ :‬احلرية للق�ضية الفل�سطينية‬

‫ياسر الزّيات‬ ‫متطوع‬ ‫كاتب‬ ‫ّ‬

‫نظم طالب في اجلامعة اعتصاما ً‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫أكدوا فيه تضامنهم مع غزة‪،‬‬ ‫وقد حدثت إشكاالت وخالفات‬ ‫وتطورت‬ ‫تطرّقت للشأن السوري‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫إلى اعتداءات لفظية ومادية‬ ‫برّرها البعض بأن املعتدي على‬ ‫فكرة االعتصام وغايته هو البادئ‬ ‫األظلم‪.‬‬ ‫هذا املقال سيناقش «االعتداء»‬ ‫الذي حصل‪ ،‬ثم يعرض رأيي‬ ‫الشخصي في االعتصام وغايته‪.‬‬ ‫ال شك أن الفتات من أجل سوريا‬ ‫مرفوعة في اعتصام من أجل‬ ‫غزة خطأ قانوني‪ .‬ليس خطيئة‬ ‫أخالقية يساء الظن بفاعلها أو‬ ‫يخون‪ ،‬ولكن فيه «خبص» لألمور‪.‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫لكن هل هناك اعتصام‬ ‫منسجم؟ أو ضرورة لتوحيد‬ ‫الشعارات؟ نحن هتفنا أصال ً‬ ‫مسيسة‬ ‫في االعتصام هتافات‬ ‫ّ‬

‫وجعله يتعامل بأبوية غريبة‪ ،‬ثم‬ ‫(«فتح وحماس وشعبية»‪« ،‬يا‬ ‫عباس انزال انزال») ومرّت بسالم‪ .‬ميدحها في «تقرير»دعائي في‬ ‫جريدة اجلامعة!‬ ‫بل‪ ،‬واسمحوا لي بهذه الـ بل‪:‬‬ ‫ليست قضية االعتصام املقاومة‪ ،‬كثيرون ال يعرفون شيئا ً عن‬ ‫وال حتى فلسطني! على األقل لم اجملتمع واحلياة اليومية في غزة أو‬ ‫الضفة أو أراضي ‪ ،48‬وال يهتمون‬ ‫منظموه إليهما‪.‬‬ ‫يشر ّ‬ ‫بالداخل الفلسطيني بل بقضايا‬ ‫ثمة من يرى غزة ضحي ًة للعدوان إستراتيجية ال تعني معظم‬ ‫الفلسطينيني‪ ،‬وال يحفظون‬ ‫وللمقاومة معاً‪ ،‬ويتعاطف مع‬ ‫أسماء الشهداء بل يع ّدونهم‪ ،‬وال‬ ‫املأساة ويرفض «العنف»‪،‬فهل‬ ‫يحبون احلرية بل يكرهون اليهود‪،‬‬ ‫يحق له االعتراض على تأييد‬ ‫يهمهم فهم الصراع بني غزة‬ ‫وال‬ ‫املقاومة‪ ،‬وفق منطق «ال‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وغزاتها‪ ،‬وال يريدون من املأساة‬ ‫الستغالل االعتصام»؟ برأيي‪،‬‬ ‫سوى تأكيد صوابهم واستعراض‬ ‫نعم‪ .‬مهما اختلفت معه‪ ،‬إلّم‬ ‫وطنياتهم املتهرّئة‪ ،‬فتراهم ال‬ ‫يسب ويتوعّد ويوزّع‬ ‫يقمع ولم‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يقبلون النقد وال التعلم‪ ،‬وال‬ ‫االتهامات فحقُ ه وتضام ُنه‬ ‫احلرية!‬ ‫مشروع‪ ،‬فإن اعترض فهو ال‬ ‫«يندس» بل ببساطة‬ ‫«يَخون» وال‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫املعتصمون ليسوا حزبا ً بل‬ ‫يع ّبر عن رأيه‪ ،‬وميكن االحتجاج‬ ‫ً‬ ‫طالبا متنوعني جلامعة ثرية‬ ‫على رأيه اخلاطئ دون اعتداء‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫جدا‪ .‬للمعتصمني رؤى عديدة‬ ‫كالمي أعاله موقف أخالقي‪ ،‬أما‬ ‫عن غزة‪ :‬ثمة من يراها حربا ً بني‬ ‫كالمي أدناه فرأي‪.‬‬ ‫املسلمني واليهود‪ ،‬أو بني العرب‬ ‫يبدو أن التطرق للشأن السوري‬ ‫والغرب‪ ،‬أو بني ميني إسرائيلي‬ ‫احلساس هو ما «نرفز» البعض‬ ‫ّ‬

‫جاد دميان‬ ‫طالب هندسة مدنية‪ ،‬سنة رابعة‬

‫اجلامعة األميركية في بيروت‪ ،‬هي‬ ‫أحرف جتتمع معا ً لتلتقي من خاللها‬ ‫األصالة والتاريخ‪ .‬هذه األصالة وهذا‬ ‫التاريخ اللذان تعمدتا تارة باألعراس‬ ‫والزغاريد من خالل النجاحات التي‬ ‫بنيت على اكتشافات مذهلة أقدم‬ ‫عليها أساتذتها وطالبها‪ ،‬وتارة‬ ‫أخرى بالدم من خالل بعد األحداث‬ ‫التي مرت بتاريخ لبنان وكان لطالب‬ ‫و أساتذة اجلامعة األمركية في‬ ‫بيروت دوراً‪ ،‬إما في التصعيد أو في‬ ‫التهدئة‪.‬‬ ‫لذلك وببساطة إن هذه اجلامعة‬ ‫هي مجتمع بحد ذاته‪ ،‬جتم ُع داخل‬ ‫أسوارها مجموعة مثقفني تهيئهم‬ ‫على مقاعدها الدراسية لتخرجهم‬ ‫كوادر فاعلة في كل اجملاالت وامليادين‪.‬‬ ‫لقد سنحت لي الفرصة أن أكون‬ ‫عضوا ً في هذا اجملتمع‪ ،‬ال بل بهذه‬ ‫العائلة التي احتضنتني من أول‬ ‫حلظة وطأت قدماي أرض “املاين‬ ‫غيت” وبفخر‪ ،‬أعترف بأنها قد‬ ‫عجنتني لتصنع مني إنسانا ً أفضل‪.‬‬ ‫إن هذا االعتراف ليس عبثيا ً بل هو‬

‫وميني فلسطيني وبينهما شعب‬ ‫مغلوب على أمره‪ ،‬وثمة من فقط‬ ‫يحزن على اجلرح الذي ال يكف‬ ‫عن النزيف‪...‬وثمة‪ ،‬أخيراً‪ ،‬من يرى‬ ‫غزة أختا ً ملدن سورية أو مخيمات‬ ‫فلسطينية تتعرض لعدوان‬ ‫ال يقل فاشي ًة وال عددَ ضحايا‬ ‫عن العدوان الصهيوني‪...‬هنا‬ ‫القضية! املشكلة التي حدثت‬ ‫باختصار أن أصحاب الرؤيا األخيرة‬ ‫ع ّبروا عنها‪ ،‬عن ضمائرهم التي‬ ‫لم يشاؤوا كبتها‪ ،‬فقُ معوا‪.‬‬ ‫ال أطلب من الناس أن يعيشوا‬ ‫الوجع السوري‪ ،‬لكن أقلها أن‬ ‫يفهموه‪ ،‬وأن يفهموا أن املئات‬ ‫في سوريا سقطوا بالتزامن مع‬ ‫شهداء غزة‪ ،‬وباسم غزة! وأن من‬ ‫املؤلم التعاطف مع شهيد ثم‬ ‫جهل أو جتاهل (أو التشفي بـ)‬ ‫شهيد آخر‪ .‬التعاطف اإلنساني‬ ‫مع القتلى ليس أبدا ً موقفا ً‬ ‫سياسياً!‬ ‫لست مع التضامن اخلطابي‬

‫تعب ّ‬ ‫بال�ضرورة عن ر�أي جريدة الأوتلوك‬ ‫الآراء الواردة يف هذه ّ‬ ‫ال�صفحة ال رّ‬

‫نتيجة “مشوار” استمر ألربع سنوات‬ ‫وسينتهي هذه السنة حينما‬ ‫أتخرج‪ .‬لذلك لم أشأ أن أترك هذه‬ ‫املباني التي تدب بها احلياة‪ ،‬ناكرا ً‬ ‫للجميل‪.‬‬ ‫لقد متكنت في هذه الفترة الزمنية‬ ‫من اكتساب قيمة العمل النضالي‪.‬‬ ‫من األمثلة التي سأعطيها‬ ‫مسؤوليتي كأحد الوزراء ال‪ ١٧-‬في‬ ‫احلكومة الطالبية سنة ‪٢٠١٠-٢٠٠٩‬‬ ‫حني قررنا التكاتف مع كافة األندية‬ ‫الطالبية في اجلامعة من أجل‬ ‫التصدي لغالء األقساط اجلامعية‪.‬‬ ‫بالرغم من بعض احلسابات الضيقة‬ ‫متكنّا من تأجيل هذا القرار سنة‬ ‫متكنت أيضا ً من املشاركة‬ ‫كاملة‪.‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫باعتصام منعا لغالء أسعار‬ ‫الكافتريا‪ ،‬وهنا أيضا ً وبالرغم من‬ ‫بعض األخطاء هنا وهناك متكنا‬ ‫من إرغام الكافتريا على تخفيض‬ ‫األسعار‪ .‬إنني ال أذكر هاتني احلادثتني‬ ‫من باب الدعاية‪ ،‬لكن هدفي هو أن‬ ‫أبرهن على املساحة التي تفسحها‬ ‫هذه اجلامعة أمام تالميذها كي‬ ‫يعملون جاهدين للتغيير‪.‬‬ ‫من هنا أعتقد بأنه قد ُسنح لي بأن‬ ‫تكون لي حياةٌ ‪ ..‬حياة أفضل‬

‫التقليدي‪ ،‬وال مع أدجلة التعاطف‪،‬‬ ‫وال مع التحية العمياء ألحزاب‬ ‫املقاومة‪ ،‬وال مع سرقة القضية‬ ‫من الناس وتعليمهم كيف‬ ‫يخدمونها‪ .‬مع فلسطني ألني مع‬ ‫فلسطني‪ ،‬للحرية ال للممانعة‪،‬‬ ‫وهذه األخيرة مسؤولة عن مآسي‬ ‫شعبي‪ ،‬ومن حقي محاسبتها‬ ‫ومطاردتها والتنغيص على‬ ‫غرورها السياسي حيثما أرى‬ ‫وجهها‪ .‬لقد حاول عبد الناصر‬ ‫حترير فلسطني فاحتل اليمن‪،‬‬ ‫وحاول حافظ األسد حترير‬ ‫فلسطني فاحتل لبنان‪ ،‬وحاول‬ ‫ص ّدام حترير فلسطني فاحتل‬ ‫الكويت‪..‬ليست هذه فلسطيني‬ ‫التي أحبها وأفديها وأعيش جملدها‬ ‫وانتصارها‪ ،‬فلسطيني هي تلك‬ ‫التي هتفت حتت القصف لبالدي‬ ‫وهتفت بالدي حتت القصف لها‪.‬‬ ‫اجملد للشعوب!‬

‫‪September 26, 2012‬‬

‫‪ 27‬تشرين الثاني‪2012 ،‬‬

‫‪ . 15‬اجتماعيات‬

‫الطبيب‪ ...‬و�شرف الإن�سانية‬

‫رامي حسان دياب‬ ‫طالب طب في اجلامعة‬ ‫األميركية‪ ،‬سنة ثانية‬

‫استهوتني مهنة الطب ودراسة‬ ‫العلوم الطبية منذ مطلع عهدي‬ ‫بالدراسة اجلامعية‪ ،‬ولعل أكثر ما‬ ‫شدني إلى التعلق بهذه املهنة‬ ‫هي الناحية اإلنسانية التي‬ ‫متيزها عن غيرها من العلوم‪ .‬وها‬ ‫أنا اليوم ورغم أنني ما أزال تلميذا ً‬ ‫يحبو في دراسة الطب‪ ،‬فقد بدأت‬ ‫أشعر بأن أهم ما مييز هذه املهنة‬ ‫هو كونها ترتكز على قواعد‬ ‫أخالقية وسلوكية تنبثق من‬ ‫اإلميان بإنسانية اإلنسان‪ ،‬ورمبا كان‬ ‫ذلك انطالقا ً من اعتبار أن اإلنسان‬ ‫هو املقياس األساس لألشياء‬ ‫وجميعها كما يقول أبو الطب‬ ‫الفيلسوف اليوناني أبوقراط‪.‬‬ ‫من هنا بات الواجب اإلنساني‬ ‫يفرض على كل من يرغب في‬ ‫دراسة علوم الطب‪ ،‬أن يتحلى‬ ‫بأكبر قدر من الشعور والتقدير‬

‫نحو أخيه اإلنسان‪ ،‬فكيف إذا‬ ‫كان هذا اإلنسان مريضا ً يحتاج‬ ‫إلى من يتكفل مبعاجلته والعناية‬ ‫به ودرء خطر املرض عنه‪ .‬وتبدو‬ ‫أهمية ذلك حينما نرى أن اهتمام‬ ‫اإلنسان في عاملنا اليوم‪ ،‬هذا‬ ‫العالم التي تسيطر عليه املادة‪،‬‬ ‫بات يقتصر على املظاهر املادية‬ ‫لإلنسان‪ .‬األمر الذي بات يفرض‬ ‫على الطبيب التحلي بالنزعة‬ ‫األخالقية وإعادة الكرامة إلى‬ ‫القيمة اإلنسانية لتكون مرادفا ً‬ ‫الهتمامه بالنزعة العلمية‪.‬‬ ‫ويبدو أن هذا اجلانب اإلنساني في‬ ‫مزاولة مهنة الطب هو ما متيز‬ ‫به األطباء العرب بحيث أطلقوا‬ ‫على الطبيب اسم “احلكيم” ذلك‬ ‫أن احلكمة هي اكتشاف العلم‬ ‫بالتعلم والتجارب ألن احلقيقة‬ ‫في الطب غاية ال تدرك‪ ،‬كما‬ ‫يتبني لنا في كتاب “القانون في‬ ‫الطب” الذي صنفه ابن سينا‬ ‫والذي اعتبر املرجع األساسي‬ ‫لتدريس الطب في اجلامعات‬

‫انت�صار كل ّية الهند�سة ‪ :‬بنكهة ع�صري الليمون‬

‫إلى شكاوى املرضى والتبصر‬ ‫آنذاك‪ .‬و كما جتدر اإلشارة في‬ ‫مبعاناتهم‪ ،‬بل تراهم يسارعون‬ ‫هذا اجملال أيضا ً إلى ما جاء على‬ ‫إلى إعطاء الوصفة الطبية دون‬ ‫لسان الطبيب الرازي املعروف‬ ‫شرح أو حتليل أو نصح أو إرشاد‬ ‫بجالينوس العرب قبل أكثر من‬ ‫كاف للمريض‪ ،‬بل و رمبا عدم‬ ‫ألف عام وهو الذي ظل حجة‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫الطب بال منازع على مدى عصور االلتفات إلى املعاناة النفسية‬ ‫طويلة حتى أن جامعة برنستون للمريض وبخاصة من يشكو من‬ ‫في الواليات املتحدة توجت إحدى مرض عضال‪ .‬لذلك ال بد لنا من‬ ‫التذكير مبا جاء في قسم أبقراط‪:‬‬ ‫مبانيها بصورة له‪ .‬قال الرازي‬ ‫“إذا أنا وفيت بهذا القسم يحق‬ ‫بحبه على املرضى‬ ‫الذي اشتهر ّ‬ ‫لي أن أهنأ باحلياة وبالفن الذي‬ ‫والرأفة بهم “ينبغي للطبيب‬ ‫شرفت باالشتهار به بني الناس‪،‬‬ ‫أن يوهم املريض أبدا ً بالصحة‬ ‫واثق متاما ً وأن أعطي نصيبا ً من التعاليم‬ ‫وير ّجيه بها وإن كان غير ٍ‬ ‫بذلك‪ .‬فمزاج اجلسم تابع ألخالق األخالقية ألبنائي وتالميذي الذين‬ ‫قبلوا بهذا العهد‪ ،‬وأن أحافظ عل‬ ‫النفس” وهذا ثابت من وجهة‬ ‫حياتي بطهارتي وتقواي”‪.‬‬ ‫الصحة النفسية كونه يرفع‬ ‫حقا ً أيها الطبيب‪ ،‬إنك إذا ما‬ ‫الروح املعنوية للمريض‪.‬‬ ‫تشرفت مبزاولة مهنة الطب‪ .‬فإن‬ ‫أود اإلشارة في اخلتام إلى أن‬ ‫هذا الشرف إمنا يعود أساسا ً إلى‬ ‫ما حذا بي إلى التطرق ألهمية‬ ‫وجوب إميانك بإنسانية أخيك‬ ‫اجلانب اإلنساني في مزاولة‬ ‫اإلنسان‪.‬‬ ‫الطب هو ما تردد أمامي وتناهى‬ ‫إلى سمعي عن عدم اكتراث‬ ‫الكثير من األطباء في لبنان‬ ‫والدول العربية باالستماع‬

‫فارس طراد‬ ‫متطوع‬ ‫كاتب‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫بطريقة طريفة ومميزة قررت اجملموعة‬ ‫التي فازت بأغلبية املقاعد النيابية‬ ‫وكافة املقاعد الوزارية التابعة لكلية‬ ‫الهندسة والعمارة من االحتفال‬ ‫بانتصارها عبر توزيع منشورات تدعو‬ ‫من خاللها كافة الطالب إلى االجتماع‬ ‫أمام مبنى ‪ Bechtel‬واالستمتاع بكوب‬ ‫من عصير الليمون الطازج مع الفائزين‪.‬‬ ‫لذلك وبعد املشاركة في احتفال رفع‬ ‫العلم اللبناني توجه نهار األربعاء‬ ‫‪ ،٢٠١٢/١١/٢١‬عدد من الطالب إلى‬ ‫مبنى ‪ Bechtel‬حيث ألقى جاد دميان‬ ‫خطابا ً سريعا ً شدد من خالله على‬ ‫أهمية الفوز هذه السنة و ألوّل مرّة‬ ‫بعد أكثر من ‪ ١٥‬سنة‪ ،‬مؤكدا ً بأن هذا‬ ‫االنتصار سيعزز من خالل املشاريع التي‬ ‫سيسعى الفائزون إلى حتقيقها‪ .‬بعد‬ ‫ذلك عمد الطالب إلى توزيع العصير‬ ‫على املشاركني وساد االحتفال جو‬ ‫من املرح والضحك‪ .‬عسى أن يكون‬ ‫هذا االنتصار بنكهة عصير الليمون‬ ‫يحمل مسؤولية‬ ‫في مكانه‪ ،‬أي أن ّه ّ‬ ‫كبيرة للمحتفلني في امتحان اإلجناز أو‬ ‫السنة القادمة‪.‬‬ ‫الفشل في ّ‬

‫منطق مقلوب ! (الر ّد على الون�ش و الدمية)‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫هزار كنج‬ ‫متطوعة‬ ‫كاتبة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫“الونش و الدمية”‪...‬قد يكون‬ ‫بيانية‬ ‫في هذه العبارة صورةٌ ّ‬ ‫مبتكرة و تصوير للواقع بخفّ ٍة و‬ ‫شك فيه هو أ ّن‬ ‫ذكاء‪ .‬إال أ ّن ما ال‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫فيها أيضا ً تشوي ٌه مفج ٌع ألصول‬ ‫التهذيب و اللياقة‪...‬إ ّن ما أحتدث‬ ‫بعنوان “الونش و‬ ‫عنه هو مقالٌ ُ‬ ‫الدمية” ن ُ ِشر في األوتلوك (عدد‬ ‫‪ 17‬تشرين األول)‪ .‬مقالٌ َش َح َنني‬ ‫حتسرا ً‬ ‫أسفا ً على‬ ‫شباب اليوم و ُّ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َب ّ‬ ‫الشواذ قاعدة و‬ ‫على‬ ‫منطق قل َ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫القاعدة شواذ‪.‬‬ ‫لشاب فيه‬ ‫استهزاء‬ ‫في املقال‬ ‫ٍّ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫من اللباقة و االحترام لذاته و‬ ‫ست‬ ‫لصديقته ما دفعه حلمل ّ‬ ‫كتب دون أن يطلب مساعدتها‪.‬‬ ‫ولكن يبدو أنَّ لطافة ّ‬ ‫الشاب‬ ‫استفزَّت كاتبنا العزيز‪ ،‬فاستهزأ‬ ‫بالفكرة منتقدا ً ما أسماه‬ ‫الش ّبان إغراء ّ‬ ‫محاولة ّ‬ ‫الشابات‬ ‫من الناحية اجلسدية غافلني‬ ‫نواحي أخرى‪ ،‬مناديا ً باملساواة‪،‬‬

‫محقِّ را ً اجملتمعات ّ‬ ‫الشرقية و‬ ‫عاداتها البالية ‪،‬متسائال ً كيف‬ ‫ميكن المرأة ال حتمل كومة كتب‬ ‫مسؤولية وطن؟؟‬ ‫أن حتمل‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫العربية قد‬ ‫و كأ ّن مجتمعاتنا‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫السلبية‬ ‫خلت من ال ّتصرفات ّ‬ ‫حتى أصبحنا نتربّص بأطالل‬ ‫املالئح نريد تغييرها!! (يا عيب‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الشوم)‪ .‬إ ّن األمور السلبية في‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وطننا‪ ،‬لألسف الشديد‪ ،‬ال تُع ّد و‬ ‫الطائفية املتجذ ّرة‬ ‫ال تحُ صى‪ :‬من‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫املدرسي‬ ‫في العقول‪ ،‬إلى ال ّتسرّب‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫و عمالة األطفال‪ ،‬إلى رمي‬ ‫الطرقات و ما بني‬ ‫النّفايات على ّ‬ ‫هذه و تلك من مظاهر ال ّتخلّف‬ ‫احلقيقية‪ .‬أما األتيكات‪ -‬التي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫“عربية”‬ ‫عادات‬ ‫زميلنا‬ ‫اعتبرها‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫“متخلِّفة”‪ -‬فلطاملا كانت من أبرز‬ ‫قي و لطاملا‬ ‫مظاهر احلضارة و الر ّ ّ‬ ‫الغربية‪.‬‬ ‫تباهت بها اجملتمعات‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫فكما على الصغير إجالل الكبير‬ ‫و مساعدته احتراما ً لعمره و‬ ‫تقديرا ً لضعفه‪ ،‬كذلك على‬ ‫الشاب احترام الفتاة و معاملتها‬ ‫بلطف و شهامة‪ .‬وذلك ال يعني‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫أن يكون هو الونش و هي الدمية‬

‫بل ببساطة أن يكون الرّجل رجل‬ ‫و املَرأة إمرأة‪.‬‬ ‫صحيح أن الرجل و املرأة هما‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫نصفا اجملتمع إال أنَّ املناداة‬ ‫باملساواة الكاملة بينهما جرمية‬ ‫بحق العدالة‪ .‬فكما أن املساواة‬ ‫بني الضريبة التي يدفعها الفقير‬ ‫و تلك التي يدفعها الغني أمر‬ ‫مناف للعدالة كذلك املساواة‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫بني الرّجل و املرأة‪...‬إ ّن الرجل الذي‬ ‫يتذمر من حمل كومة كُتب‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫لتسع دقائق‪ ،‬غافال ً‪-‬أو متناسيا ً‬ ‫أمه “األضعف جسديّاً”‬ ‫رمبا‪ -‬أ ّن ّ‬ ‫حملته في رحمها تسعة أشهر‪،‬‬ ‫هو غير مؤهل حلمل مسؤولية‬ ‫مبسؤولية‬ ‫أسرة صغيرة‪ ،‬فكيف‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وطن؟! فاملرأة لم تطلب يوما ً من‬ ‫الرّجل أن يحمل عنها جنينها‬ ‫أربعة أشهر مثالً‪ ،‬أو أن يتناوبا‬ ‫فتحمل هي األول وهو الثاني! بل‬ ‫هي حتمل و تُنجب و تُرضع و تُربي‬ ‫تع َبة و لكن‬ ‫و تسهر الليالي‪ِ ،‬‬ ‫ف ِر َحة ألنها تعطي من نفسها‬ ‫حتب‪.‬‬ ‫ملن ّ‬ ‫وقد يسخر من يقرأ هذه‬

‫الكلمات قائال ً “لو ع ِل َمت املرأة‬ ‫أ ّن باستطاعة الرّجل احلَمل و‬ ‫تطوعت لفعل ذلك‬ ‫اإلرضاع ملا ّ‬ ‫مبفردها‪ ،‬و لو استطاع الرّجل‬ ‫فعل ذلك حقًّ ا ً ملا تأ ّخر عن‬ ‫مساعدتها!” قد يكون ذلك‬ ‫صحيحا و قد ال يكون‪ ،‬و لكن في‬ ‫كلتي احلالتني فهو إقرار ٌ صريح‬ ‫بوجود اختالف بيولوجي ال مفر ّ‬ ‫منه بني اجلنسني‪ .‬و هذا االختالف‬ ‫لم يوجد فقط للتكاثر و إنمّ ا وُ ِجد‬ ‫كمل أحدهما‬ ‫لتوزيع األدوار و لِ ُي ِّ‬ ‫اآلخر‪.‬‬

‫مو ّحد‪.‬‬ ‫من الفساد و وطن قوي و َ‬ ‫إنَّ بِناء األوطان يبدأ بتربية صاحلة‬ ‫ألبناء اليوم الذين سيصبحون‬ ‫قادة الغد‪ ،‬و ال ّتربية الصاحلة تبدأ‬ ‫من األ ّم‪ .‬و ذلك ال يعني أ ّن دور األب‬ ‫و املدرسة و حتى اجملتمع ال أهمية‬ ‫لهم في هذه التربية و لكن يبقى‬ ‫الدور األساسي الذي ال غنى عنه‬ ‫لألم‪ .‬فهي التي تو ِّجه‪ ،‬وترعى‪،‬‬ ‫انقطاع‪ ،‬و دون‬ ‫وتهتم‪ ،‬وتُتابع دون‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ملل أو كلل‪.‬‬

‫ختاماً‪ ،‬إ ّن تضحيات النّساء في‬ ‫مختلف اجملتمعات هي تضحيات‬ ‫وإذا كانت نسبة النّساء من اليد عُ ظمى‪ ،‬وال يزال البعض يستكثر ُ‬ ‫تتخطى الرّبع‪ ،‬فهذا ال عليهن َّ القليل من االحترام و‬ ‫العاملة ال‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫التقدير!!! شكرا ً أمي و شكرا ً‬ ‫ميكن أن يكون نتيجة ما أسماه‬ ‫لكل إمرأة تربّي أوالدها على‬ ‫زميلنا “ممارسات تافهة”‪ ،‬إنمّ ا هو‬ ‫األخالق و القيم‪.‬‬ ‫نتيجة حقيقة يرفض كثيرون‬ ‫اإلقرار بها و هي أ ّن للنّساء دور ٌ‬ ‫أسما و أعظم بألف مرة من‬ ‫حكم الدول و هو التربية‪ .‬إن‬ ‫التربية الصاحلة و الشاملة من‬ ‫شأنها أن تضمن لنا جيال ً من‬ ‫الشباب الواعي و النَّزيه و هي‬ ‫بالتالي ضمانة ملؤسسات خالية‬

‫إصدار ‪ ،45‬عدد ‪10‬‬ ‫‪ 27‬تشرين الثاني‪2012 ،‬‬

‫‪September 26, 2012‬‬

‫أوتــــــــــــلوك‬ ‫املنشــــــــــورة الطالبيــــــــة‬ ‫املســـــــتقلة منذ عام ‪1949‬‬

‫ما فرّقته االنتخابات جمعته مأثرة االستقالل‪:‬‬ ‫نظام ال ّدين‪“ :‬دعونا ال ننسى أن ما يجمعنا هو أقوى من ما يفرقنا”‬ ‫نورة حمزة‬ ‫كاتبة صحافية‬ ‫بالرغم من التوتر السياسي‬ ‫املهيمن على لبنان و املصاعب‬ ‫احمللية والدولية التي يواجهها‬ ‫املسؤولون و التي تؤثر على حياة‬ ‫اللبنانيني ‪ ،‬ال يغفل املواطنون عن‬ ‫التوحد يوما ً واحدا ً في السنة‪،‬‬ ‫باسم “لبنان” فقط ‪ .‬في ‪22‬‬ ‫تشرين الثاني ؛ عيد استقالل‬ ‫لبنان عن األجنبي‪.‬‬ ‫بعد أن فرقتهم االنتخابات‬ ‫الطالبية ولو مؤقتا ً ‪ ،‬عاد‬ ‫الب جميعا ً بكل أطيافهم‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الط ُ‬ ‫السياسية والتقوا في االحتفال‬ ‫التقليدي لالستقالل ال ‪.69‬‬ ‫اجتمع طالب األميركية باإلضافة‬ ‫إلى أعضاء من الهيئة التعليمية‬ ‫و عميد شؤون الطلبة د‪ .‬طالل‬ ‫نظام الدين‪ ،‬األربعاء املاضي أمام‬ ‫ساحة “وست هال”‪ ،‬حاملني علم‬ ‫لبنان ‪ ،‬جنبا ً إلى جنب‪ ،‬منشدين‬ ‫بأعلى صوت “كلنا للوطن”‪.‬‬ ‫إفتتحت املناسبة بعزف من‬ ‫قبل فرقة عسكرية تابعة‬ ‫للجيش اللبناني ‪ ،‬حني بدأ‬

‫على مستوى التعليم العالي‬ ‫للجامعة في الشرق الألوسط و‬ ‫العالم‪ .‬و ختم قائال أن للشباب‬ ‫“القدرة على حتسني وضع‬ ‫املنطقة للمستقبل ‪ ،‬إن بقينا‬ ‫جميعنا ً موحدين سنحقق أمورا ً‬ ‫رائعة‪ .‬عشتم وعاش لبنان‪”.‬‬ ‫تال ذلك عزف النشيد الوطني‬ ‫‪ ،‬فتفاوت أداء الطالب بني من‬ ‫يحفظه عن ظهر قلب و من‬ ‫يتبعه بصعوبة و يحتاج لقراءته‬ ‫مكتوبا ً مع تفاوت كبير باللحن و‬ ‫“اإلحساس”‪.‬‬ ‫املصدر‪ :‬نورة حمزة‬

‫ألقى عميد الطلبة د‪ .‬طالل‬ ‫برغبتنا في حتقيق النجاح‪،‬‬ ‫الطالب يتوافدون ‪ ،‬ساهم‬ ‫نظام الدين كلمته ‪ُ ،‬مرحبا ً‬ ‫احلفاظ على الصداقة‪ ،‬و احملبة‬ ‫البعض منهم بتوزيع األعالم‬ ‫بالطالب‪ ،‬قائال ً أن مناسبة وطنية فيما بيننا”‪.‬‬ ‫واألناشيد مشجعا ً املارين على‬ ‫كهذ ٍه تقربنا من بعضنا البعض‪ .‬أعرب نظام الدين عن حزنه‬ ‫املشاركة ‪،‬فيما اكتفى البعض‬ ‫مضيفا ً بأن اجلامعة األمريكية‬ ‫العميق ملا يتعرض له أخوانا‬ ‫اآلخر باجللوس على أدراج “وست‬ ‫برهنت في فترة االنتخابات ‪-‬‬ ‫و أخواتنا في البالد اجملاورة من‬ ‫هل” و االستمتاع بالفرقة ‪،‬‬ ‫اجلمعة املاضية‪ -‬على قدرتها في عذاب وألم ‪ ،‬تفكك عائالت‬ ‫أما آخرون فمروا مرور الكرام‪،‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫مواجهة كل الصعوبات املوجودة وهدم للمنازل مؤكدا أن “قلوبنا‬ ‫غير مدركني ما يحصل‪ ،‬غير‬ ‫مهتمني‪ ،‬مستنجدين بصفوفهم حولها؛ “دعونا ال ننسى أن ما‬ ‫معهم” ‪ .‬و تابع‪ “ ،‬دعونا نؤكد‬ ‫يجمعنا هو أقوى مما يفرقنا ‪ ،‬نحن التزاماتنا حتت أرزة الوطن ‪،‬‬ ‫وأشغالهم ‪.‬‬ ‫موحدون بحبنا لهذه اجلامعة‪،‬‬ ‫إلبقاء األمان فيه و للحفاظ‬ ‫قبل تالوة النشيد الوطني‪،‬‬

‫وقد اختتم االحتفال برفع علم‬ ‫لبنان عاليا ً مع التصفيق وتسارع‬ ‫الطالب الستعمال أجهزتهم‬ ‫اخللوية الذكية واتخاذ صورٍ‬ ‫تذكارية مع أعضاء الفرقة‬ ‫املوسيقية ‪.‬‬ ‫وأدام اهلل علينا نعمة االستقالل‬ ‫والسالم !‬

‫افتتاحية العدد العا�شر ‪ :‬احلرية وامل�س�ؤولية‬ ‫مدى الدبس‬ ‫جريدة (األوتلوك) هي املنبر االعالمي‬ ‫الطالبي الوحيد للجامعة األميركية‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫في بيروت منذ عام ‪ .1949‬جريدةٌ‬ ‫الطالب والى‬ ‫س ُبها أن ّها من ّ‬ ‫َح ْ‬ ‫الطالب‪ .‬يقتصر العمل االختصاصي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫فيها على بضعة ورشات عمل يقوم‬ ‫بها اعالميون خالل العام ال ّدراسي‪.‬‬ ‫تطوعي بحت‪ ،‬ال يرتبط‬ ‫العمل فيها ّ‬ ‫بأ ّي مردودٍ مادي‪ .‬حوافز فريق عملها‬ ‫حب العطاء للمجتمع‬ ‫ُم َ‬ ‫لهم ٌة من ّ‬ ‫األصغر – اجلامعة ‪ ،‬وبالرغبة في‬ ‫تكريس مهارات صحافية اك ُتسبت‬ ‫عملي‬ ‫بإنتاج‬ ‫في اجلامعة‪ ،‬ت ُ َتوَّ ُج‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫بشكل مباشر‬ ‫املراسلون‬ ‫يساهم فيه‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫وفعال‪.‬‬ ‫ّ‬

‫تعمل أسرة اجلريدة على مدار‬ ‫األسبوع الصدار العدد املوعود من‬ ‫(األوتلوك) ‪ ،‬خصوصا ً في الساعات‬ ‫األخيرة التي تسبق صدور العدد‪.‬‬ ‫يجتمع املراسلون في مكتبنا في‬ ‫ثم جتتمع‬ ‫الوست هال بداية األسبوع ‪ّ ،‬‬ ‫الهيئة االدارية في منتصف األسبوع‬ ‫والهيئة التحريرية آخر األسبوع‪.‬‬ ‫يرافق ُ تلك االجتماعات عملُ املراسلني‬ ‫ورسامي الكاريكاتور على‬ ‫واملصورين ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫غطي أخبار احلرم اجلامعي‪،‬‬ ‫مقاالت ت ُ ّ‬ ‫وزاوية آراء حرّة‪ ،‬اضاف ًة الى اجراء‬ ‫تهم الطالب‪.‬‬ ‫مقابالت وحتقيقات ُّ‬ ‫وبطبيعة شعورنا باملسؤولية عادةً‬ ‫الطالب‬ ‫ما نُرهق معنا مكتب شؤون ّ‬ ‫وعمدته بأسئلتنا واستشاراتنا‬ ‫واإلشكاليات املصاحبة‪.‬‬

‫يقولُ الشاعر ابن الوردي “ ليس يخلو‬ ‫العزلة في رأس‬ ‫املرء من ض ٍد ولو حاولَ ُ‬ ‫اجلبلْ ”‪ .‬هذا يعني أن ّنا ال نستطيع‬ ‫أن نرضي اجلميع‪ ،‬فما استطاع ذلك‬ ‫املعصومون أنفسهم‪ ،‬فكيف جملموعة‬ ‫طالب تنتج نشرة جامعية‪ ،‬في بل ٍد‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫كلبنان‪ ،‬أن حتظى بالرّضى وباالجماع؟‬ ‫انتق َدنا البعض في العدد املاضي أل ّن‬ ‫كُ ّتابنا صرخوا مع غزّة فلم يسمعوا‬ ‫صوتا ً آخر اال خجوالً‪ .‬وانتقدنا البعض‬ ‫سيسون‪،‬‬ ‫اآلخر بحجة أ ّن ك ّتابنا ُم ّ‬ ‫والتقييم هنا خطأ‪ ،‬فالقانون مينع‬ ‫اجلريدة بان تكون أداةً ترويجي ًة‬ ‫أليديولوجيا سياسية أو معتقد‬ ‫طائفي معينّ ‪ ،‬أو ح ّتى ألحقاد فئوية‬ ‫دفينة تتسنّح اللحظة املناسبة‬ ‫للبوح بها‪.‬صحيح ا ّن األوتلوك‬ ‫مساحة للحرية‪ ،‬لكن للحرية‬

‫املسؤولة‪ .‬ألن الكلمة مسؤولية‬ ‫وكذلك احلرية‪ .‬وال ميكن النظر الى‬ ‫احداه ّن دون األخرى‪.‬فالعالقة بينهما‬ ‫يصح‬ ‫عضوية وما يصح على الواحدة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫على األخرى‪ .‬لكن ال عالقة للجريدة‬ ‫باحلياة ّ‬ ‫الشخصية للعاملني فيها‪،‬‬ ‫وال ح ّتى مبيولهم وانتماءاتهم طاملا‬ ‫ان ّهم ال يُسقطونها على اجلريدة وال‬ ‫يتعارضون مع نظامها ال ّداخلي‪ .‬كما‬ ‫جلأ البعض اآلخر ملهاجمتنا علنا ً على‬ ‫الصفحات االلكترونية‪ .‬لك ّن القيمة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫األهم لفريق عمل جريدة (األوتلوك)‬ ‫هذا العام هي قدرته على حتقيق األثر‬ ‫في النّفوس‪ ،‬كما استعداده املستمر‬ ‫للتقدم وال ّتعامل بايجابية مع اجلميع‪.‬‬ ‫لذلك نترك لكم بريدنا االلكتروني‬ ‫املباشر في آخر املقال‪ .‬تواصلوا‬ ‫معنا ألي نق ٍد بنّاء ‪ ،‬ثنا ٍء موضوعي أو‬

‫مساهمة صحافية‪.‬‬ ‫ا ّن قسم اللغة العربية في جريدة‬ ‫اجلامعة‪ ،‬والذي يفخر مبشاركة‬ ‫‪ 42‬طالبا ً وطالبة مقاالتهم معنا‬ ‫قبل صدور العدد العاشر من هذا‬ ‫الطالب‬ ‫الفصل‪ ،‬يشكر عمدة شؤون ّ‬ ‫على رحابة صدرها وعلى متابعتها‬ ‫ال ّدقيقة‪ ،‬كما يشكر ملراسليه‬ ‫التزامهم بالعطاء‪ ،‬ولقُ رائه األوفياء‬ ‫تواصلهم الباعث على مزي ٍد من جتويد‬ ‫األداء‪.‬‬ ‫البريد االلكتروني ‪:‬‬ ‫‪‬‬

Issue 10 Volume 45  

Issue 10 Volume 45