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The American University of Beirut

Outlook |

Vol. XLIII, No. 26

Wednesday, April 27, 2011



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Restaurant Review: Balthazar

“Government” Wins Debate on Special Tribunal: AUB vs. LAU Political Debate Dalia Hosn Staff Writer


ebanese politics were debated successfully at AUB last Wednesday, April 20, as West Hall witnessed the first AUB versus LAU political debate. The event was organized by AUB’s PSPA society and was entitled, “The Special Tribunal for Lebanon: Should They or Shouldn’t They?” The sides were picked at the toss of a coin, and representing the Government, the AUB team

won, earning the university a plaque that now hangs in Jesup’s PSPA Department. Due to the fact that the sides were picked by chance, each team and all the members were required to prepare and organize arguments for and against the Tribunal. As such, they gained a better and well rounded view of the issue, which unfortunately many Lebanese don’t have. The aim of the debate was for the students to be able to


(Photo courtesy of Yasmine Saker)

continued on page 2



Out Loud: Students comment on AUB’s new logo

Don’t Miss! Beirut International Tango Festival The Continuing Education Center (CEC) at AUB is organizing the “Beirut International Tango Festival,” the first international Argentine Tango festival to take place in Lebanon, between Wednesday April 27 and Sunday May 1. Since its inception in 2009, the festival has attracted leading international musicians, dancers, and DJs as well as participants from all over the world. Register now for the tango workshops at

Seculars score, sectarians Fatal car incident initiates ‘Talal’s Law’ foul: Discussing for improving road safety in Lebanon politicization of sports in Lebanon with Professor Danyel Tobias Reiche Timmy Malkon Associate Editor

Khodor Abou Daya Staff Writer Mada El Dibs Contributing Writer Professor Danyel Tobias Reiche is an assistant professor for comparative politics at AUB. He has just published an article on the politicization of sports in Lebanon in Third World Quarterly; the Routledge-published leading journal of scholarship and policy in the field of international studies. Why were you interested in

studying the politicization of sports in Lebanon? There is a lot of research on Lebanon in political science. If you take the size of the country with four million people as the population to the amount of publication, you would be amazed. I found the politicization of sports in Lebanon a niche to study its political system. Why did you consider sports as a manifestation of the Lebanese political syscontinued on page 3


ctober 19, 2010 marked the day the world lost International College (IC) student Talal Kassem; a victim of the road, he is not alone, as others have died in a similar manner. The following interview, conducted with Zeina Kassar, Talal’s mother and current part-time AUB student, describes her efforts to rectify road safety laws in Lebanon. Who do you hold responsible for Talal’s death? I blame negligence, recklessness, irresponsibility, lack of awareness, feeling you are above any law,

(IC student Talal Kassem)

owning the road, not having laws strict enough and not upholding the ones we

(Photo courtesy of Zeina Kassar)

do have, lack of civic educacontinued on page 3

“12 Angry Lebanese” Movie and Musical Performance by May Nasr at AUB Civic and Volunteering Fair 2011


The Center for Civic Engagement and Community Service (CCECS), in collaboration with the Office of Students Affairs and the Student Representative Committees, invites you to participate in the “Civic and Volunteering Fair 2011” this Wednesday April 27 and Thursday April 28, 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., at West Hall and Green Oval. A movie screening (12 Angry Lebanese by Zeina Daccache) will be showing on Wednesday April 27, 7:00 p.m., and a musical performance by May Nasr will mark the final day of the fair on Thursday April 28, 7:00 p.m. Both movies and concert will take place in Issam Fares Hall. Tickets are on sale at CCECS stand near West Hall or at CCECS, West Hall Basement B03.

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Campus News AUB Civic & Volunteering Fair


Alumni News Social & digital media panel “Short Biographies”

Bliss Street, West Hall 208 Tel: 01 350 000 or 01 374 444 Ext.3193


Sports News Arab Marine Academy of Alexandria Sports matches



Campus news

April 27, 2011

AUB Civic and Volunteering Fair 2011

Nour Al Hafi Special to Outlook


he Center for Civic Engagement and Community Service (CCECS) is launching its third volunteering fair under the name “AUB Civic and Volunteering Fair 2011”. It will be held for two days, on April 27th and 28th. The event opens to the community and endeavors to unite non-governmental organizations (NGOs), AUB centers, groups involved in civic and outreach work with students, faculty, staff and the faculty at large. For this reason, around 70 NGOs will be participating with different

focuses such as human rights, women’s rights, disabled people’s rights, as well as environmental and other community based focuses. Many of these organizations will conduct free training and participation certificates will be distributed. In addition, this year the center is concerned with spreading the awareness on the importance of eating healthy food. A food court by local community groups will provide healthy meals and products for the participants and visitors. During the fair, in-kind donations will be solicited to support needing communities. Also, a special box painting event will be

taking place in front of West Hall. On Wednesday, April 27, the opening ceremony will take place from 12:00-1:00 p.m. in Bathish Auditorium. The Dean of Student Affairs Dr. Talal Nizameddin will be welcoming the attendance on the behalf of the president Peter Dorman. Then the center will honor, for the first time, the Bishop Gregoire Haddad after saying his keynote address. Bishop Haddad will speak about his experience as one of the earliest social work activists. At 7:00 p.m. in Issam Fares Hall, a documentary film “12 Angry Lebanese” directed by Zeina Daccache

will be presented. The documentary revolves around drama therapy in Roumieh prison and reflects on the recent riots which happened there. On Thursday, Daccache, who is also a comic actress and the director of Catharsis, will give a keynote presentation in Bathish at 12:00 p.m. She’ll represent her documentary as a project and drama therapy as a profession. Her presentation will not be the end of the fair because at 7:00 p.m. the singer May Nasr will conclude the fair in a musical concert accompanied by Bassam Jalgha on Oud. Beirut Vocal Point, winners of the “AUB Got Talent Competition” will


commence the concert with a special performance from their new repertoire. Tickets for both events will be available at CCECS, West Hall. An Arabian proverb says: “Four things come not back – the spoken word, the sped arrow, the past life, and the neglected opportunity.” Don’t miss the event! Don’t lose the opportunity to participate in this fair and remember that you can make it. Dreams come true. Ideas become difference. Great things happen when people set their minds to them. Making a difference becomes a way of life. Strangers become friends and allies.

Langston Hughes’ Spanish adventure Nour Jane Kachicho Staff Writer


uring the Spanish Civil War, the Spaniards found themselves fighting alongside many Americans, including African Americans. Langston Hughes, a modernist African American poet, went to Spain during the civil war as a journalist, where he found literary inspiration. Robert Reid-Pharr, visiting professor at AUB and Edward Said, Chair of American Studies at CASAR, in a lecture entitled “Langston Hughes’ Spanish Adventure” on Tuesday, April 19, in West Hall Auditorium A, discussed Hughes’, “Song of Spain,” and “Cubes.”

In his book with a working title of, “Dream and Flesh: Spain, Afro-America, and the Atlantic Imaginary,” Reid-Pharr focused largely on Hughes’ imagery. ReidPharr, like Hughes, is an Afro-American who resents the oppression of Afro-Americans. Reid-Pharr portrayed Hughes as a black American intellectual, affected by the colonization. According to Reid-Pharr, Hughes’ social standings remained unknown. Was he a socialist, a modernist, a homosexual? No one was certain. Reid-Pharr read one of Hughes’ poems where the cruelty of colonization surfaced. Rape, misogyny and tension were present fac-

tors of the war. The market of prostitution opened with £4 for a virgin girl, creating confusion as to what was being bought and what was being sold, according to ReidPharr. In a reading of Hughes’ poems, stories such as a naked African girl moaning for money while being surrounded by 30 white sailors, were changing the “known” world. Hughes’ “Cubes,” in the days of the broken cubes of Picasso, was read during the lecture, to further emphasize prostitution and the light and dark elements of the war. Reid-Pharr related one of Picasso’s paintings of an African girl standing in the

dark and center. He said that while the study of colonialists was being ignored, the African people were being looked at, which was purely human ignorance. Aside from prostitution, travel and sex tourism, the light and dark elements of Picasso’s paintings can be related to those of the Spanish Civil War. During the war, there was light when a bomb was thrown, which according to Reid-Pharr hid more than what it revealed. The fear of the dark on the other hand, created dangers and pleasures at the same time. Reid-Pharr read Hughes’ poem “Song of Spain,” which portrayed the Flamenco on a surface, while the hidden

(Photo by Nour Jane Kachicho)

meaning was in fact the raining bullets and people beneath the bombing of planes. “We [Afro-Americans] are conquered yet undefeated,” said Reid-Pharr in reference to the resistance of oppression.

“Government” wins debate on Special Tribunal continued from page 1

learn “how to engage in discourse and argumentation, and this operated as a forum that allowed students to research both sides of an issue and then be in a position to argue and defend… so in that sense I think it was very productive,” says Dr. Toman Haase, professor of Public Policy in AUB, and Debate Moderator. Ultimately the society hopes that this de-

bate will be continued, institutionalized, and expanded to perhaps include other universities, such as NDU. The winning side of the argument was picked after a close evaluation of the debaters’ conduct, argument, structure, and support. This evaluation was carried out by a panel of judges consisting of, Dr. Danyel Reiche, AUB Professor of Comparative Politics, Dr. Jennifer Skulte Ouaiss, LAU Assistant Pro-

fessor of Political Science and International Affairs, as well as an independent judge Ms. Margaux Bergey, Journalist for the L’Orient Du Jour. The debate followed a very structured format, which allowed for a civilized exchange of ideas and arguments. The winning side was not picked based on the content of their argument or the side they represented, rather the most important qualifications were the structure and pre-

sentation of the arguments. The winning AUB team was comprised of PSPA Society members: Sandra El Hadi, Sharif El Rida, Rakan Twal, Karim Mawlawi, and Christel Ghandour. The LAU Team, on the other hand, included Mira Mawla, Wassim Kaakour, Adam Kanso, Kamal Yakteen, Mahmoud Itani, Leila Kabalan, students from the International Affairs Club at LAU. The participants on both sides

were awarded certificates for participation. Though, the greatest accomplishment would probably be the debate itself; in Dr. Haase’s words, “It shows that you can put individuals in a room together and have a discourse on a very contentious topic.” It’s not about who wins, because, when it comes down to it, civilized debate in Lebanon is a huge achievement in and of itself.


Campus news

April 27, 2011


‘Talal’s Law’ to improve road safety in Lebanon continued from page 1

tion, lack of respect towards others and no sense of community. What do you believe are the main issues with the law in Lebanon concerning road safety? Road safety is not even part of our law, which regulates driving but does not regulate the driver. It does not think of road safety as a right that each one of us has, a right we pay for with our money and our lives. It is unacceptable and even shocking that the law has not been reformed for 50 years! Yet we have had 50 years of new roads, new buildings, new cars, new people, new generations and new habits. Even before Talal’s death this was a regular conversation in our household and surroundings, that the only way to control the madness on the roads is through a firm law that will teach people the respect that we as humans are sadly lacking. But now it is my mission and the mission of my loved ones

to pass this law and see it implemented properly. What is ‘Talal’s Law,’ and what reforms does it entail? Talal’s law will entail the following main points: - Instilling a pedestrian law with designated cross points and fining jaywalkers. - Strictly enforcing all traffic laws pertaining to speeding (including motorcycle violations). Repeated violations must be subjected to heavy fines/imprisonment. - Changing the law of hitting and killing on the roads from an infringement to a crime. - Rehabilitating all road signs. - Formalizing driver education classes and introducing a point system whereby a violation results loss of points and retaking the driver exam after a specified of time. - Stricter penalties including appropriate imprisonment terms. What is the parliament’s current stance on the matter? The draft law has been ap-

proved by the Parliament Commission and now it will be submitted to the General Assembly to be voted on. After all this, it can be enforced. What message do you have for drivers in AUB, and drivers in general? It could have been you, any of you, on either side of that car. You could have been inside that car driving at 120 Km per hour on a city road, not a highway, at 7:30 a.m. You could have been exhausted from exams or too much partying or too much drinking. You could have fallen asleep behind the wheel from pulling an all-nighter. You could have thought, “the road is all mine, I’m the king of the road.” You could have thought, “I’m smart, I’m a good driver, I’m in control, nothing can happen to me, only to others.” You could have killed a runner, a worker, a passer by, a student, an innocent person. You could have become a criminal. You could now be walking freely, driving that same

car, living your life after you stopped the life of the dead and of the living. And you could also have been Talal. You could have been the one who bled to death on that road. You could have been the one walking to university listening to the music you love, smiling at meeting your friends for breakfast, looking forward to a beautiful day. You could have been the one looking forward to life at its peak and dying when life is about living to the full. You could have been the one who left behind a torn family and loved ones. You could have been the one who died because people are not scared of driving the way they drive. You could have been the one who left too early too soon. You could have been the one who left this life, with the person responsible out of jail after only four months. In the modern day we aspire to be just and fair. In other countries the AUB student who killed my son would not be out of jail and back at university amongst you now.

He would be in jail for 10 years and once released he would continue to be on probation and have to earn the right to drive again. I believe that only with such laws will people learn, because humanity is no longer human by nature. It needs to be taught. It needs to be retained. It needs to be held accountable. People need to be aware and conscious of the consequences of their decisions and actions: If you are tired and you choose to drive, you are responsible. If you have been drinking and you choose to drive, you are responsible. If you are high and you choose to drive, you are responsible. If you choose to speed, you are responsible. If someone is hurt because of your choices, you are guilty. Change needs to start somewhere and with someone. Choose to start that change here and now and be responsible for that change.

Seculars score, sectarians foul continued from page 1

tem? The sports sector in Lebanon is one of the few sectors where you have competition between the sects as you do not have a league for one sect; the sects play against each other. Also, The Lebanese sports clubs are completely dependent on patrons. Hence, what makes the sports sector so unique in Lebanon is that there are no other sports in the world with such clear sectarian political affiliation. Is sectarianism the only factor involved in the tension between the fans? Sectarianism is the strongest driver. Although some teams are mixed, it is homogenous on the side of the spectators. The reason is that the clubs are tools of the political patron financing them. With little literature available on the subject, how were you able to write a

whole article on the subject? There was hardly any literature. There are two theses and few articles. Hence, I did have something to start with. I did interviews and reviewed the media. If you have a lack of information, it is always important to do interviews and talk to people. Did you have problems with the interviews? Luckily, I had a basketball first league player, national football player, and one student in a rugby team in my classes. Also, one student’s parent has a gym. She knew everybody and provided me with contacts and the interviewees were very open and helpful. To what extent do you see NGOs’ role in moving Lebanon towards the secular state? NGOs could help in making small steps towards that goal. The real steps should be taken by the state itself. There is

a small step that the state took which is removing the sectarian affiliation from registry records. If the state would take more steps like that it would influence the sport sector not only in secularism but in gender rights. It would also be nice if initiatives were taken from within the Lebanese civil society. Is the ability to remove the sectarian affiliation from the registry that much promising? The more people demand its removal the better. Other steps could be taken in this direction. For instance, in Lebanon, personal status affairs are set by religion. An addition of the possibility for a civil marriage should be made. However, the sectarian system will not be abolished from one day to another. Why should people focus on little steps as in sports and not the major issues? Sports can play a big role in uniting divided societies. You

have a lot of tensions in the Lebanese society and sports can help to reduce them. The field of sports is one of the few zones where people of different backgrounds can meet and interact. Although it would be good if all other sectors of society can be more mixed, sports can be a starting point for positive change. What are your comments on the recent secular movements in Lebanon? Young people are making these protests. They are the people who are the future of this country. The movement is driven by people who are very well educated; it is not a mass movement. I wish them good luck that they would get more support and maybe the movement could utilize sports for their cause. They could form sports clubs that are secular; where everyone can join and participate regardless of their religion. Do you feel that the Leba-

nese will someday have a common identity? Lebanon is 18 states in one state on one hand but on the other the Lebanese could be proud of common features like language skills. They could also be proud of the beautiful landscape and should work together on maintaining it. Before the civil war, Lebanon was 35% forests now it is 15%. Reiche then added that after publishing his article he received many comments from his colleagues. One was fromProfessor Theodor Hanf who said that during the world cup championship Lebanese people of different sects were cheering the same team of other countries. Hanf’s analysis was that this is an expression of a deep desire of the Lebanese to put aside their political differences. On an unrelated note, Rieche is a fan of the German “Hannover 96” football club. He published a book in 2008 about the club.


Alumni news

April 27, 2011


Social and Digital Media Panel: Panelists, short biography

Alia Ibrahim (BA 96) works as a senior correspondent for Al-Arabiya news channel (since 2008), and a special correspondent for The Washington Post. In addition to that Ms. Ibrahim writes a weekly column for the English website Correspondent’s Outtake. Ms. Ibrahim was the Beirut correspondent for Dubai TV (2005-2008), a reporter and the Managing editor at The Daily Star (19982005). Ali M. Jaber (BBA 84) is Dean of Mohammed Bin Rashid School of Communication (MBRSC). Working closely with now UAE Vice President and Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, DMI’s Board Members and the Chairman of Dubai’s governmental organizations,

his responsibilities are wideranging and have grown to include the development of the media sector in the UAE. Mr. Jaber has contributed to the launch of several Arab television stations in the region: four national pan-Arab satellite channels in Dubai, Future and Zen TV in Lebanon. Mr. Jaber taught several courses in television production at LAU. He also worked as a Journalist covering the war in Lebanon and Iraq between the years 1987 to 1999; he was the correspondent of New York Times and The Times of London between 1989 and 1994, and Chief Correspondent for Lebanon and Syria for the German Press Agency (DPA) from 1987 to 1999. Mr. Jaber serves on the Board of Directors of two nongovernmental organizations: Young Arab Leaders (YAL)

and the Advisory Board of American University of Beirut, School of Architecture and Design, in Beirut, Lebanon. Mr. Jaber earned his Master’s degree in Communications at Syracuse University in the US in 1986 and is working toward his Ph.D. at King’s College, University of Cambridge, UK Sami Moubayed (BA’00) is editor-in-chief of Forward Magazine, Syria’s leading English monthly, since December 2006. He is also a political analyst who writes extensively on Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, and the Arab-Israeli Conflict. He is a weekly columnist in Asia Times in Hong Kong since 2005 and Gulf News in Dubai since 2000. His articles have appeared in other publications, including the London-based al-Hayat,

the Egyptian al-Ahram Weekly, and The Washington Post. In 2010 he began writing for the mass circulation popular online, Huffington Post. He teaches courses on the Arab-Israeli Conflict and modern Syrian history at the Faculty of International Relations at the University of Kalamoon in Syria, supervising graduation projects and serving on the University’s Board of Trustees. He is a Research Fellow at St Andrews University in Scotland, and a Member of the Advisory Board at Al-Mashriq Academic Journal at the University of Melbourne. Mr. Moubayed is a co-founder and two time board member of the Syrian Young Entrepreneurs Association (SYEA). In 2009-2010, Moubayed had a television documentary show called Zakiratun and more recently in 2010-2011 he

created a show called Qabla An Nansa (Before We Forget) interviewing leading Syrian political, cultural, and diplomatic figures. He is an author of five books on modern Syria, including “Steel & Silk: Men and Women Who Shaped Syria 1900-2000” (Cune Press, 2005) and the forthcoming “Syria and the USA: From Wilson to Eisenhower” (IB Tauris, May 2011). His first book, “The Politics of Damascus 1920-1946” was published at the age of 20 during his student days in Lebanon. He is also the scriptwriter for a 30-episode TV drama on former Syrian President Shukri al-Quwatli, whose biography he authored in a book entitled “The George Washington of Syria” (Beirut, 2005). Dr. Moubayed earned his PhD from the University of Exeter in Great Britain.

Social and Digital Media: Changing Politics, Revolutionizing Media Education Program

6:00 p.m National anthem and Alma Mater 6:10 Welcoming remarks and introductions Jad Melki, Assistant Professor, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences 6:10- 6:50 The role of social and digital media in the recent revolutions and upheavals in the Arab world. Moderator: Rami Khouri, Director, Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs 6:50-7:30 Social and digital media revolutionizing media education. Moderator: Nabil Dajani, Chairperson and Professor, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences 7:30 pm

Closing remarks and acknowledgments Khalil Makkawi,President, Worldwide Alumni Association of AUB (WAAAUB)

Alumni graduate of the 1950’s Leila Abou Nimeh Frangie (SON diploma ’59, School of Public Health Nursing certificate ’60) earned a BS in 1979 from Indiana State University, and is a 2001 graduate of the University of Florida’s Master Gardener Program. Now retired from nursing, Frangie is an active member of the Sarasota Case Managers Association. As a master gardener, she volunteers several hours a month gardening for Sarasota County and has helped establish a community garden. []


April 27, 2011

Restaurant Review In the heart of our growing city, restaurants are on the rise. Among these is ‘Balthazar,’ a restaurant serving French cuisine, situated in Souk Beirut, Beirut Central District. ‘Balthazar,’ has adopted the same building structure as the rest of the shops in Souk Beirut, but has taken on a whole new concept for its interior. In entering, there are pastries displayed behind a glass window to the left along with the bar. Ahead are tables and red couches surrounded by large windowpanes. The windows allow for the view of the streets and passersby. They are also framed with red curtains that hang from the ceiling. Lamps suspended from the ceiling are colorful and innovative, giving a warm atmosphere to the restaurant while increasing its glamour. The menu, which is written in French and English, consists largely of salads and healthy non-fried and nonfat starters. Chicken, vari-

eties of meat and fish are all served as the main dish. The burger, being the only American dish, is prepared with thick bread and juicy meat. The mini-penne served at ‘Balthazar,’ gives the person the freedom of mixing his/ her preferred sauce and adding pine nuts and parmesan cheese to the pasta. Although ‘Balthazar’ is the ideal location for a meal, do not let the mirrors inside fool you, it is not big enough for a restaurant in the center of Beirut. There is not enough space and tables, and people are often kept waiting until a table is cleared. In the summer, the tables outside allow for more people to sit and eat, as opposed to the winter. Not only is the restaurant small, but reservations are also taken. This is very unpleasant, especially for those who are shopping in Souk Beirut and decide to stop and sit at ‘Balthazar’. Being pricey, ‘Balthazar,’ eliminates a large part of the Lebanese people. It is a re-

Movie Review Directed by Neil Burger (The Illusionist) and starring Bradley Cooper and Robert De Niro, this 1 hour 45 minute movie is a mix between the mystery and thriller genre, with a touch of fantasy and science fiction. The plot revolves around aspiring young author Edward Morra (Bradely Cooper), who is supposed to publish a novel but is suffering from a complete lack of inspiration. His life is a complete mess and to top it all, his girlfriend decides to break up with him. One day, he meets an old friend who introduces him to a new untested drug, NZT, supposedly capable of allowing him to use his full potential. Having nothing to lose, Edward ingests the untested pharmaceutical and his life immediately changes. He can remem-

ber everything he has ever read seen or heard, learn a new language in 24 hours and solve complex equations as long as he keeps taking one pill a day. Soon Edward takes Wall Street by storm, catching the eye of famous entrepreneur Carl Von Loon (De Niro), who decides to make him his associate. But Edward’s accomplishments bring him to the attention of criminals willing to do anything to acquire this new drug. Moreover, the brutal side effects of NZT start to manifest and put his life in jeopardy. Edward has to deal with mysterious stalkers, brutal gangsters and extreme police investigations while attempting to hang on to his diminishing stock of NZT. The weakest aspect of this movie is its under-




Nour Jane Kachicho

(Photo by Nour Jane Kachicho)

flection of the shops around it namely, ‘Milord,’ ‘Hermes,’ ‘Manoush,’ ‘Brietling,’ which are all catered to an upper class. ‘Balthazar,’ is therefore the hotspot for bankers and business people in the re-


gion, as well as families and people who enjoy and can afford glamour. Before leaving, make sure to order a ‘Pain Perdu,’ a desert they prepare exceptionally well. It consists of bread pudding soufflé with a cara-

mel sauce poured on top. Order it in advance because it takes approximately 20 minutes to prepare. The ‘Pain Perdu’ is recommended for two people because the portion is generous.

Christine Saliba

developed script. Many things are left hanging and the ending is extremely poor and botched. Moreover, the story sometimes lacks logic and coherence. Fortunately, the flamboyant performances of Cooper and De Niro manage to make up for this failed plot. On the positive side, the movie is fast-paced and includes quick vertigo-inducing sequences that keep the audience entertained. Limitless also carries a philosophical aspect, by examining the effect of intelligence on society. Generally, Limitless is a watchable yet far-from engrossing thriller (currently playing in ABC, CityMall, Concorde, Abraj, and Kaslik).

(Photo from



Out Loud

April 27, 2011




Q: What do you think of AUB’s new logo?

1) Patrick Hanna (Archeology): It’s unimportant to me. 2) Hratch Kestenian (History, Pre-Med): It’s nicer than the previous one. It’s simple. 3) Joanna Hayek (Economics): It’s a nice logo, it’s modern. 4) Sadeem Bitar (Agriculture): It’s a good one. It’s a good start in the image of the university, but it’s not enough! 5) Dana Jamaleddine (Computer Science): I like it. I think it is better because it is less complicated. 6) (Left) Dima Hajj (Business): I don’t like it at all! It looks incomplete. The older logo is a lot nicer! (Right) Jad Hachem (Computer and Communications Engineering): The older one was better but I like the Cedar tree in the new one. 7) Aline Chirinian (Business): It’s modern looking but I’m indifferent. 8) Ralph Adaimy (Computer Science): I did not know we have a new logo. 9) (Left) Maha El-Hawari (Business): It is nicer that the old one. It’s a good change. It has the main AUB colors representing a new era. It represents innovation that is happening in AUB. (Center) Farah Ghannam (Food Science): The Cedar shows more, so it looks more Lebanese. It’s nice because it is in the spirit of the old one with a more modern look giving it a nicer college spirit. (Right) Chazly Hoballah (Computer Science/ex-AUB): Other than the fact that it lacks color, it’s not bad. No picture available: 10) Jawad Fares (Biology): I prefer the old one. I believe that the new one has more political implications. It looks like the logo of one of the clubs! 11) Talin Kechian (Business): I don’t like it at all. It does not look like a proper university logo!


(All photos by Nadi Nassar)








April 27, 2011

Arab Marine Academy of Alexandria’s sports teams at AUB for friendly games

Tracy Dariane Staff Writer


he American University of Beirut Sports department was honored to welcome the sports team members of the Arab Marine Academy of Alexandria, who came all the way from Egypt this past week. On Thursday April 21st, AUB varsity sports teams competed in friendly matches with the different teams of the Arab Marine Academy of Alexandria

in six different sports disciplines. The different disciplines included, men and women’s basketball, table tennis, tennis, swimming and men’s football. All sports games went well and were enjoyable for the members of both teams. Wael Ayyash, member of the AUB varsity football team says “We went last year along with other teams to Alexandria to participate in the games and therefore they came this year. It was very friendly.” The score

for the football game’s result was a tie of 1-1. Yahya Abbas, a member of the AUB swimming varsity team says “It was enjoyable because it was a friendly tournament”, he adds, “they were few and we were few, so for the relays, we had mixed teams which made it nice.” Abbas adds that they enjoyed this tournament because it was a more fun type of tournament. He adds that the swimmers were very friendly and that one of them was exceptionally very strong “a re-

ally good swimmer who was beating us all!” There weren’t any specific results given the fact that they were few participants. The tennis games ran smoothly too, there were two competing men from the AUB team and form the Egyptian team. The results were 6-0 6-0 for both games. The winners of both matches were members of the AUB varsity team Rami Osman, and Pierre Nawfal. Khaled Ghattass, member of the varsity men’s basketball team says,


“It was very nice and friendly”, explains the ambiance of the game. He adds that the players of the opposing team were strong and says “they were very athletic and we had two main players missing making it tougher on us”. The score was 68-66 for the Egyptian team. Unfortunately, few players came from the women’s basketball team and no players came from the table tennis team making for both of these matches unable to occur.

This week’s scoreboard Date

Thursday April 21

Sport Discipline

Competing Teams


Women’s Basketball

AUB vs. Arab Marine Academy of Alexandria-Egypt

Did not take place

Men’s Basketball

AUB vs. Arab Marine Academy of Alexandria-Egypt

68-66 for the Egytian Team

Table Tennis

AUB vs. Arab Marine Academy of Alexandria-Egypt

Did not take place


AUB vs. Arab Marine Academy of Alexandria-Egypt

Friendly Rallies- No specific Result


AUB vs. Arab Marine Academy of Alexandria-Egypt

6-0 6-0 for Rami Osman (AUB) 6-0 6-0 for Pierre Nawfal (AUB)

Men’s Football

AUB vs. Arab Marine Academy of Alexandria-Egypt

Tie of 1-1

Snapshots from The Arab Marine Academy of Alexandriasports matches

(Photos by Hadi Mehio)



April 27, 2011


Editor’s Corner


AUB: Ink pageant of the Middle East?

On abrupt change and the new AUB logo

Rami Diab Editor-in-Chief The other day, as I was scurrying past AUB Medical Gate to print a few documents before catching an early morning class, I felt a strange feeling take over me. Something was different, I could tell. As I glanced to my right, it suddenly hit me; then and there stood the once graffiti-laden wall of the main entrance to AUB’s motor pool located just below the Science Medial Library (SML); only now as bare, as unblemished and clear white as it first existed. The wall that previously read slogans such as “MD kicking it” and “If you’re drunk, let me call you a cab,” amongst several others, was now completely ink-free bringing back that long lost white glimmer to our university walls. With a refreshed spirit, I then made my way towards Jafet Library to catch up on some longawaited studies where I set aside my belongings and went downstairs to visit the men’s room. As I entered one of the toilet cells, a wave of contentment caught hold of me as I spotted Jafet’s newly painted internal bathroom doors. I entered, eager to inspect their interior, only to find that they have once more been layered with a fresh coating of inked slogans! This is but one of the countless examples of ink-based vandalism observable all about our campus. Is it not shameful that we students feel a tendency to vandalise university property in light of all that this university has offered us? Fine, I think to myself, when it comes to areas such as private toilets where student supervision falls to an all time low, all sorts of vandalism-based temptations may be called into ques-

tion; but what then of similar such acts of vandalism that arise in public? What can be said of those? The fact of the matter is, many of us tend to ignore such acts even when they happen in broad day light before our very eyes let alone when they happen in private. This marked diffusion of responsibly, quite particular to large communities such as ours can make of everyone; every student, every professor and every staff employee, almost entirely desensitized by and wholly separate from the adverse doings and forthcomings of student-based vandalism. So much for our united university spirit ey? The real question is, will we members of the AUB community agree to stand aside and watch while our university, clad in glorious sheen, is desecrated with ink? Will we allow for our campus to be made a mockery of, to resemble the streets of deserted alleyways and frequented underground subways? The choice is ours to make, let’s just remember that in this small campus we dwell in, one false move could have a devastating impact on a number of originally blameless people.

Maya Sfeir News Executive When smartly administered in small intermittent doses, change, no matter how magnanimous, often passes unnoticed and does not risk arousing objection or suspicion. Nonetheless, when significant change is abruptly imposed, it risks being questioned, disliked, and worse— rejected. For those reasons perhaps, ever since AUB brusquely released its new logo on April 12, I felt betrayed and found myself unable to wholly embrace it. The new logo was advertised

as efficient, but I could only perceive it as too minimalistic. The new logo was promoted as modern, but I could only see it was bereft of tradition. The logo was meant to promote AUB’s image, but I could only recognize it as a form of commercialism. In brief, I was angry and suspicious. I felt particularly betrayed by the fact that AUB had not asked its students, all of its students, about their opinion concerning the logo. My thoughts flashed back to May 2010 when AUB had informed its community, in an email, about the increase in tuitions new students were to expect in Fall 2010. I wondered about the cost of such a campaign—as I still do every time I see one of those new AUBMC ads on the highway. I questioned the removal of a Latin biblical verse which had been part of the AUB logo since 1920. I suspected the brisk removal of souvenirs with the old logo from the AUB Bookstore. I was furious as I felt I was witness-

ing a systematic campaign meant to eradicate the old logo and everything it stood for. And yet, the new logo remains. Unasked for, unasked about, and questionable, it remains. It remains to provoke me every time I open the AUB website or my Imail, or glimpse one of the new AUBMC ads on the road. The new logo stands still to remind me that I live in the twenty-first century, a time in which images are more valuable than essences and values. Nonetheless, I realize that there are many who approve of the new logo and sing its praises, as there are others who share my opinion or at least remain suspicious about it. Most probably, the latter category’s opinion of the logo is not caused by the logo itself, which is the result of long hours of creative professional work. Perhaps our negative response towards the new AUB logo is simply the result of its being imposed on us rather than administered in small doses.


Religious dialogue: Illusion or reality? Wissam Nuwayhid Is fruitful religious dialogue possible when traditions have disputes at their very core? Does listening to the other point of view and accepting it fall under the umbrella of orthodoxy or is it succumbing to the easy way out? Is the solution truly in accepting the other or is there a way to be in union with the other even when I do not accept her/ him? My Father is the Dean of Public Health. He once travelled to the USA to give a conference about natural hazards and its relation to public health. The people at the conference were all from high caliber universities and they enjoyed my fa-

ther’s lecture. When my father returned to Lebanon he decided to give the same lecture, which he gave in the USA, at a FrenchLebanese University. When he arrived at the French University and began giving the lecture, the listeners erupted into confusion and dismay with his every sentence. My father did not know how to deal with this issue. Whenever my father would want to continue speaking the listeners voices rose in disapproval. Eventually, one of my father’s colleges, who is a French speaker, realized that the word “hazard” in French means “chance” while in English “hazard” means “crisis.” This single misunderstanding caused the listeners to misinterpret the

whole of the lecture. The problem that was happening is that the French listeners were superimposing their own French linguistic structure onto an essentially different English linguistic structure. The result was confusion and chaos. Is it possible that when a Christian speaks to a Muslim he is speaking the same spiritual message but clothing it in a different spiritual language? Is the misunderstanding only on the surface like the word “hazard” was in my father’s lecture? If one reads Hindu texts, like the Bhavagad Gita and the Upanishads seriously, he will realize that the Hindus believe in One Absolute God which they name “Brahman” while the role of the gods is similar to that of angels

within the Islamic doctrine. If one were to super impose the Islamic language onto the Hindu language (s)he is bound to reach the fact that the Hindus don’t worship The One God. Are the different religions like the different languages; only different means of communicating the same ideas? If Yes, why would Abraham smash the idles his forefathers worshiped with his stick and why would Jesus Christ destroy the tables of the money changers and cast them out of the temple if He truly believed that all ways lead to God? If No, why do we see such similarities across all world traditions? Wissam Nuwayhid is a history undergraduate student at AUB.


April 27, 2011

The Outlook team Chairperson

Talal Nizameddin

Faculty Advisor

Cleo Cacoulidis

Responsible Director

Antonios Francis


Rami Diab

Associate Editor

Timmy Malkoun

Editor at Large

Yahia Hamade

Arabic Editor

Mariam El Ali

Photography Editor

Salim Batlouni

Copy Editor

Joseph Saba

Layout Director

John Hajjar

Members at Large

Samer Bu Jawdeh

News Executives

Heather Jaber Maya Sfeir Mostafa Fadlallah


Mohamad Al Medawar

Business Managers

Sally Khalifeh Lara Traboulsi

Staff Writers Khodor Abu Daya Nader Al Ahmadieh Mona Ayoub Fouad Badaoui Caterina Belardi Amir Bitar Jackie Daoud Tracy Dariane Sarah Al Dirani Edrees Elrachidi Dalia Hosn Elie El Khoury Aziza Khalil Yasmin Fansa Yumna Ghandour Maryam Hoballah

Lynn Itani Nour Jane Kachicho Anis Kadado Tala Kardas Wajiha Jurdhi Kheir Marie Nakhoul Rita Obeid Rami Panayoti Yasmine Saab Joseph Saba Christine Saliba Amer Sare Mohammad Yaghi Emile Fares Zankoul Rayane Zahreddine Lama Zakharia

Photographers Mohamad Alameh Tariq Buhilaigah Dima Hajj Nadi Nassar

Lotfi Al Salah Wael Salem Antoine Salloum Mohammad Azzam


Deedee El Jilani Jamila Mehio

Outlook is a weekly publication of the American University of Beirut (AUB) and represents the voice of the student body. It is an independent, non-affiliated publication that favors no ethnic, religious, or political group. All columns, articles, and reports are the property of Outlook and do not necessarily represent the views of Outlook or the AUB community. Outlook welcomes all contributions. Authors please include full name, major, ranking, and contact information for verification. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any way, shape or form without the written consent of Outlook and/or higher authorities. Outlook reserves the right to edit all material. © Outlook 1949

Out of the Box

Building questions for firm representatives at the May Job Fair


This week’s passage aims at delivering tips addressed to students for generating their lists of questions which may then be addressed to firm representatives participating in the Job Fair. A) Questions for employment and internship What entry-level positions do you offer at the moment? What are the day-to-day responsibilities of this job? What type of educational background do you look for? What are the skills and abilities that you look for? What is the hiring process in your organization? Do you offer internships and for which majors? What training programs do you offer graduates during the first few years? If I were to join and grow in your organization, what is my role likely to be after 5 years? How would you describe the career path in your company? What is your company’s market position relative to its competitors? B) Questions related to fields of study in demand by the job market Which one of the following majors is most in demand within your organization? What type of role and responsibilities could I have in your company after graduating from each of these majors? What subjects or classes would you recommend in order to prepare me for this role? C) Questions to avoid Avoid questions about salary and benefits during the first meeting. Refrain from asking questions about working hours until you receive the job offer. Do not ask for gifts and free samples. D) Employer potential questions What is your favorite subject in your current studies and why? What is your current and expected final GPA? What work experience or internships have you had and what have you learned from them? What experiences have you had of working within a team –for example in university projects, sporting activities or other group activities? Have you ever encountered a conflict within a team and how did you solve it? What do you know about our company? For more info contact Career and Placement Services Director Dr. Maryam Ghandour at mg03@ (West Hall Rm 112E Ext. 3172). Anything discussed with the counsellor is based on mutual trust, is kept confidential and will not be released to anyone without the student’s written consent.



‫نيسان ‪2011 ,27‬‬

‫كاتب من هذا الزمان‪ :‬عبيدو باشا «املقاتلجي»‬

‫نهاد غازي عواد‬ ‫كاتبة صحفية‬

‫عما يدور في نفسه في‬ ‫يع ّبر ّ‬ ‫مختلف اجملاالت الفنية‪ .‬فهو‬ ‫ومسرحي وناقد‬ ‫صحفي وكاتب‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يساري‪،‬‬ ‫عصبي‪،‬‬ ‫ومؤ ّلف أغاني‪.‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يؤمن بعدم وجود العدالة‬ ‫اإلجتماعية ويدافع عن احلق‬ ‫بشراسة «املقاتلجي»‪ .‬لديه‬ ‫عدة مؤلفات من بينها‪ :‬هم ‪،‬‬ ‫أقول يا سادة‪ ،‬موت مدير املسرح‪،‬‬ ‫ممالك من خشب املسرح العربي‬ ‫عند مشارف االلف الثالث‪ ،‬بيت‬ ‫النار الزمن الضائع في املسرح‬ ‫اللبناني‪ ،‬هكذا‪ ،‬انقالب التغيير‬ ‫على أبطال التغيير في املسرح‪.‬‬ ‫عبيدو باشا أحد املؤثرين في‬ ‫فرقة احلكواتي التي انتهت مع‬ ‫اإلجتياح اإلسرائيلي‪ ،‬ميارس عمل‬ ‫حكواتي‬ ‫احلكواتي في كتبه‪.‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫من النّوع احلديث وكأنّه يؤسس‬ ‫أدبي مبتكر في الكتابة‬ ‫جلنس ٍّ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫السرد ّية حيث أنّه يقوم باعادة‬ ‫سرد وقائع وأحداث لشخصيات‬ ‫فن ّية ما زال بعضها على‬ ‫قيد احلياة بأسلوب مييزه عن‬

‫الكثيرين ويضفي لكتاباته رون ًقا‬ ‫خاصا‪ .‬بداياته كانت كتابة في‬ ‫ًّ‬ ‫املسرحي‪« ،‬موت مدير‬ ‫ّقد‬ ‫الن‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مسرح» و«ممالك من خشب»‪.‬‬ ‫كتب عن التجربة اللبنانية‬ ‫وأورد بعض التجارب العربية‪.‬‬ ‫ثم كان كتاب «الراوي» الذي أ ّرخ‬ ‫جتربة شخصيات بارزة في صنع‬ ‫الثقافة والفن واألدب في لبنان‪:‬‬ ‫الشيخ عبد اهلل العاليلي‪ ،‬عارف‬ ‫العارف‪ ،‬جورج نصر‪ ،‬عاصي‬ ‫ال ّرحباني‪ ،‬نزار ميقاتي‪ ،‬بول‬ ‫غيراغوسيان‪ ،‬توفيق الباشا‪،‬‬ ‫محمد شامل‪ ،‬محمد كرمي‪.‬‬ ‫مدح ورثاء لزمن العمالقة‪ .‬وهذا‬ ‫ما حصل في كتاب «هم» الذي‬ ‫يستخلص العبر من حياة كبار‬ ‫املؤسسة لل ّرسم‬ ‫الشخصيات‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫واملسرح واملوسيقى واللغة‬ ‫والسينما والتلفزيون والغناء‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫في لبنان ‪ :‬منصور ال ّرحباني‬ ‫وفيروز‪ ،‬عبد احلليم كركال‪ ،‬كامل‬ ‫مهنا‪ ،‬رفيق شرف‪ ،‬أمني الباشا‪،‬‬ ‫وجيه ناصر‪ ،‬نصري شمس الدين‪،‬‬ ‫حليم جرداق‪ .‬فهو يصفهم‬ ‫بقوله‪ُ « :‬هم ليس هؤالء أولي‬ ‫األمر‪ .‬ال ّ‬ ‫حكام وال محكومني وال‬

‫أعضاء في احلاكم ّية السياس ّية‪.‬‬ ‫إن َّهم فقهاء اختصاصاتهم بال‬ ‫أحكام شرع ّية أو أحكام مدن ّية‪.‬‬ ‫غير أنّهم ليسوا أبناء ثبوت‬ ‫الطاعة‪ ،‬ألنهم متمرِّدون على‬ ‫األنظمة الفن ّية والسياس ّية‬ ‫واالجتماع ّية‪ .‬رِجا ٌل بآراء وأفكار‬ ‫ومعتقدات‪ .‬لن يختزلوا آراء‬ ‫الناس بآرائهم وال بسلطاتهم‬ ‫الشخص ِّية‪ .‬ال أثقل عليهم من‬ ‫ذلك‪« .‬هم» أبناء جتربة عريضة‬ ‫س َير«هم»‬ ‫بال مغامن وبال دماء‪ِ .‬‬ ‫سي ُر تقديرات‬ ‫س َي ُر قوم بقوم‪ِ .‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫واسعة ٍوآيات وروايات‪ .‬مصدر‬ ‫ق ّوة لشعبهم‪ .‬مصدر غنى‬ ‫وثروة في مدينة ببلد لم يعش‬ ‫حياة مستقرة وآمنة منذ‬ ‫س َير« ُهم» تُزيل‬ ‫االستقالل‪ِ .‬‬ ‫جزءا ً من غربة الناس‪ .‬س ّير« ُهم»‬ ‫قواسم مشتركة‪ُ « .‬هم» من‬ ‫ُهم! ُهم ونقطة على السطر‪».‬‬ ‫إنّه «الراوي» الذي سمحت له‬ ‫جتربته وما لديه من املعطيات‬ ‫بعرض وجهة نظر شبه شاملة‬ ‫عن جتربة كل شخصية من‬ ‫شخصياته‪ .‬الكتابة هنا لها‬ ‫سلطتها ونبرتها وتقنياتها‬


‫(صورة‪) :‬‬

‫‪،‬فريشة الباشا كثيرا ما امتهنت‬ ‫بالسوسولوجيا‬ ‫الكتابة‬ ‫السياس ّية في الثقافة‪.‬‬ ‫أثبت الباشا في أدواره‬ ‫املسرحية عن قدراته الفنية‬ ‫والثقافية واإلبداعية‪ ،‬كما‬ ‫اثبت يراعه الناقد عن براعته‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الفن‬ ‫التوغل في مكنونات‬ ‫في‬ ‫ّ‬

‫واألعمال املسرح ّية اللبنان ّية‬ ‫والعرب ّية والعامل ّية‪ .‬فموهبته‬ ‫حسه والبعد الثقافي‬ ‫ورهافة ّ‬ ‫املتنوع أوصاله ألن يكون الناقد‬ ‫املسرحي األ ّول في لبنان ملا في‬ ‫نقده من علم ومعرفة وبعد‬ ‫غير محدود في صناعة ثقافة‬ ‫املسرح ودوره وخطورته في آن‪.‬‬

‫(صورة‪ :‬محمد عالمة)‬

‫مهرجان اجلنادرية للنادي الثقافي السعودي‬

‫ ‬

‫الصحيحة بني الشباب و الشا ّبات‬ ‫حملة عودة ال ض جلونيور تشيمبرز انترناشونال (‪ )JCI‬إلعادة إستعمال اللغة العربية األصيلة بقواعدها ّ‬

‫(صور‪ :‬محمد عالمه و لقمان النهاب)‬

‫(صور‪ :‬ديانا لطفي)‬



‫بني الطموح واحللم‪،‬‬ ‫هناك رابط‬ ‫التتمة من ص‪12‬‬

‫طريقة تقدمي الطلبات سهلة‬ ‫جداً‪ ،‬كل ما يلزم ملئ اإلستمارة‬ ‫املتواجدة على موقع طموح‬ ‫على اإلنترنت‪ ،‬أو في جميع‬ ‫فروع «ليبان بوست»‪ .‬تكافؤ‬ ‫الفرص مضمون‪ ،‬دون أي متييز‬ ‫على أساس املناطق أو العرق‬ ‫أو الدين أو اللون أو اجلنس أو‬ ‫العمر أو اإلعاقة اجلسدية‪.‬‬ ‫يقول سعد عبد اللطيف‪،‬‬ ‫الرئيس التنفيذي لشركة‬ ‫بيبسيكو في آسيا والشرق‬ ‫األوسط وأفريقيا (‪)AMEA‬‬ ‫و مؤسس البرنامج‪« ،‬يسر‬ ‫شركة بيبسيكو إعالن جناح‬ ‫برنامج «طموح» في لبنان‪،‬‬ ‫السبب الذي دفعنا إلى‬ ‫وهذا هو ّ‬ ‫جتديد التزامنا بدعم الشباب‬ ‫السادسة على‬ ‫للسنة ّ‬ ‫اللبناني ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫التوالي‪ .‬كجزء من أدائنا ورؤيتنا‪،‬‬ ‫إن تطوير املواهب املوجودة‬ ‫في اجملتمع اللبناني من خالل‬ ‫التقدم‬ ‫ضروري لتحقيق‬ ‫التعليم‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫االجتماعي واالقتصادي للبنان‬ ‫واملنطقة‪ « .‬أما مروان استيتيه‪،‬‬ ‫املدير العام لشركة بيبسيكو‬

‫في شرق البحر األبيض املتوسط​​‬ ‫وأفريقيا‪ ،‬فأضاف» من خالل‬ ‫طموح‪ ،‬ومن خالل شراكاتنا‬ ‫مع منظمات مثل أجيالنا‪ ،‬أن‬ ‫شركة بيبسيكو هي قادرة‬ ‫على ر ّد اجلميل للمجتمعات‪.‬‬ ‫من أجل ضمان الوصول إلى‬ ‫الطالب الذين في أشد احلاجة‬ ‫إلينا‪ ،‬طموح بدأت العام املاضي‬ ‫اخملصصة‬ ‫لتقدمي عدد من املنح‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫للطالب ذوي االحتياجات اخلاصة‬ ‫وتوسيع شبكة الطالب الذين‬ ‫سيستفيدون من هذا البرنامج‬ ‫‪».‬‬ ‫هناك فرصة للجميع للحصول‬ ‫على هذه املنحة اذا أثبت أنه‬ ‫جدير باحلصول عليها‪ .‬إنها‬ ‫فرصة للوصول إلى احللم عبر‬ ‫طموح‪ .‬كلنا نعلم أن أقساط‬ ‫اجلامعة مكلفة وقد تثقل‬ ‫كاهل الوالدين خصوصا ً في‬ ‫هذه الظروف اإلقتصادية التي‬ ‫منر بها جميعا ً‪ .‬هناك فرصة‬ ‫للحصول على مساعدة قد ال‬ ‫تغطي كامل القسط ولكنها‬ ‫وإن غطت جز ًء هو أفضل من ال‬ ‫شيئ‪.‬‬

‫نيسان ‪2011 ,27‬‬

‫عا ًما و ال ّنشيد الوطني ليس لوطني‬ ‫التتمة من ص‪12‬‬

‫بعد مجموعة االناشيد‬ ‫العسكر ّية والوطنية التي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫حلنها االخوين فليفل‪.‬‬ ‫في متوز ‪ 1927‬اي بعد حوالي‬ ‫عام على اختيار القصيدة مت‬ ‫اختيار ا ّللحن واعلن وديع صبرا‬ ‫ملحنا ً للنّشيد الوطني‪ ،‬وبذلك‬ ‫يكون النشيد الوطني اعلن‬ ‫نشي ًدا رسميا للبالد في اواخر‬ ‫عام ‪.1927‬‬ ‫اليوم و بعد ‪ 84‬عاما ً صدم‬ ‫اللبنانيون باكتشافهم ان‬ ‫الوطني ماخوذ‬ ‫نشيد بالدهم‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫من نشيد اخر‪ ،‬وذلك من خالل‬ ‫فلم وثائقي عن ال ّثائر املغربي‬ ‫«مهدي بن بركا»‪،‬الذي ّ‬ ‫بث على‬ ‫احدى وسائل االعالم العاملية‪،‬‬ ‫وعرض في الفيلم نشيد بطل‬ ‫ال ّريف (محمد عبد الكرمي‬ ‫اخلطابي) الذي ا ّلفه ّ‬ ‫الشاعر‬ ‫ابراهيم طوقان و حلنه محمد‬ ‫فليفل‪ ،‬حيث كان حلنه متطابقا ً‬ ‫الوطني اللبناني‬ ‫مع حلن النّشيد‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫‪،‬مع العلم ان اجلمهورية االحتادية‬ ‫لقبائل الريف هي دولة تاسست‬ ‫في اواخر عام ‪ 1921‬و انحلت‬ ‫كميائي‬ ‫في عام ‪ 1926‬بهجوم‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اسباني بعد ان كانت‬ ‫فرنسي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الدولة الوحيدة التي هزمت‬

‫االستعمار في العالم حيت‬ ‫قضى اكثر من ‪ 170‬الف جندي‬ ‫اسباني وفرنسي على حدودها‪.‬‬ ‫الوطني‬ ‫بهذا يكون حلن النّشيد‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اللبناني مأخوذ من نشيد تلك‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الدولة‪ ،‬انها صدمة من دون‬ ‫شك‪ ،‬وكان لهذه الصدمة‬ ‫ردود افعال من ابناء هذا الوطن‬ ‫املؤمنني بوطنهم ونشيدهم‬ ‫والذين لم يتصوروا بانه سياتي‬ ‫يوم ويشكك بنشيد وطنهم‪،‬‬ ‫فمنهم من قال ان هذا كذب و‬ ‫افتراء وان من فتح هذا الباب‬ ‫فتحه ملصلحته الشخصية‬ ‫رفضا قاطعا ً‬ ‫فقط ورفضوا‬ ‫ً‬ ‫فكرة تعديل النشيد‪ ،‬ومنهم‬ ‫من اقتنع مبا شاهد وسمع وقال‬ ‫انه فعالً هذا اللحن ليس لنا وانه‬ ‫يجب ايجاد البديل باسرع وقت‬ ‫ممكن‪.‬‬ ‫فبعد ان شاهدنا واستمعنا و‬ ‫بحثنا‪ ،‬ميكننا ان نقول و لالسف‬ ‫ا ّن نشيدنا الوطني ليس لوطننا‪،‬‬ ‫رغم اننا بانتظار ما ستؤول اليه‬ ‫حتقيقات احملكمة الفكر ّية ‪.‬‬ ‫ولكن اذا ثبت ذلك بشكل‬ ‫رسمي كما هو متوقع‪ ،‬واتضح‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫انه يجب تغيير اللحن‪،‬كيف‬ ‫سيتعاطى اللبنانيون مع‬ ‫هذا الواقع وهل سيتق ّبل‬

‫اللبنانييون النّشيد بلحن‬ ‫جديد؟وهل سيكون هناك حلن‬ ‫يستطيع ان يدخل الى قلوب‬ ‫احلالي؟‪،‬فمن‬ ‫الناس كاللحن‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫االن بدأت حمالت على‬ ‫االنترنت(فيسبوك‪،‬تويتر‪)...،‬‬ ‫تدعو للدفاع عن النشيد‬ ‫وتندد مبا جاء على لسان‬ ‫الوطني ّ‬ ‫احدى وسائل االعالم‪ ،‬كما تدعوا‬ ‫الى رفض فكرة ان النّشيد‬ ‫الوطني ليس لبنانيًّا بل و تعتبر‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫انه اذا كان هناك من نشيد‬ ‫مشابه فهو النشيد املاخوذ‬ ‫عن نشيدنا‪ ،‬كما تدعو ايضا الى‬ ‫تعديل‬ ‫ال ّرفض رفضا ً قاطعا ً اي‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫للنّشيد‪.‬في املقابل هناك من‬ ‫بدأ بالبحث عن بديل للحن او‬ ‫حتى وجد البديل ‪.‬‬ ‫االختالف بالراي ليس بكارثة‬ ‫فبلدنا قائم على االختالفات‬ ‫السكوت وعدم االفصاح‬ ‫ولكن ّ‬ ‫للرأي العام عن صحة ماقيل وما‬ ‫ثبت هو الكارثة وكارثة عظمى‬ ‫ميس بكرامة ّ‬ ‫لبناني‬ ‫كل‬ ‫الن ذلك ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫فال احد يقبل ان يشكك بنشيد‬ ‫بالده الوطني‪.‬‬ ‫وحده املستقبل سيتكفل‬ ‫باالجابة عن تلك التساؤالت‪،‬‬ ‫كما ونأمل ان يحمل لوطننا ما‬ ‫يسرنا‪.‬‬

‫‪« Insight Club‬على خطى مرمي و عيسى»‬

‫التتمة من ص‪12‬‬

‫تنافس الكثيرون لكفالتها‪.‬‬ ‫هو تنافس لكفالة يتيمة‪ .‬و يا‬ ‫ليت التنافس كله يكون لرضى‬ ‫رب العاملني‪ .‬و ليس صراعا على‬ ‫املصالح الشخص ّية الذي‬ ‫نراه في حياتنا اليومية‪ ،‬متنّى‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الشيخ‪.‬‬ ‫تربى مرمي بكفالة زكريا رغم‬ ‫كبر سنه‪ .‬يدخل عليها املعبد‬ ‫فيجد عندها ال ّرزق‪ .‬يسألها‬ ‫عن مصدره‪ ،‬فتجيب ‪ « :‬هو من‬ ‫عند اهلل»‪ .‬تلك هي الثقة برب‬ ‫العاملني‪ ،‬الثقة بال ّرازق‪ .‬ينبهر‬ ‫زكريا بقوة هذا اإلميان‪ ،‬فيدعو‬ ‫اهلل أن يرزقه مولوداً‪ ،‬و يستجيب‬ ‫اخلالق للدعاء كما وعد‪ .‬ويولد «‬ ‫يحيى» ليحيي الدين‪.‬‬ ‫تكبر مرمي وتبلغ ال ّثالثة عشر‬ ‫من العمر‪ .‬أو ما يقارب‪ .‬يأتيها‬ ‫امللك جبريل على صورة بشر‪.‬‬ ‫تذهل وميلؤها ال ّرعب خوفا منه‬ ‫على نفسها‪ .‬هي طهارة و ّ‬ ‫عفة‬ ‫مرمي ما نفتقده في مجتمعاتنا‬

‫اليوم‪ ،‬استوقف الشيخ‪.‬‬ ‫يبشرها امللك بغالم‪ .‬جاء لينفخ‬ ‫فيها الروح‪ .‬هي إرادة اهلل‪ « :‬كن‬ ‫فيكون»‪.‬‬ ‫تخاف مرمي من الناس‪.‬‬ ‫تعتزلهم و تذهب بعي ًدا‪ .‬زمن‬ ‫حملها كحملها لم يكن عاديا‪.‬‬ ‫بضع أ ّيام فقط‪.‬‬ ‫و جاءها اخملاض‪ .‬تتمنى‬ ‫املوت لنفسها‪ ،‬يأتيها الوحي‬ ‫ليطمئنها‪ .‬يتساقط ال ّرطب‬ ‫من فوقها و تفور املياه من‬ ‫حتتها‪ .‬هي بكفالة و عناية اهلل‬ ‫متدها بالق ّوة‬ ‫دوما‪ .‬ال ّرحمة تلك ّ‬ ‫لتعود وتواجه مجتمعها‪.‬‬ ‫حتمل ّ‬ ‫الطفل وتسير به حتت‬ ‫الدهشة ّ‬ ‫والش ّك‪ .‬طبيعة‬ ‫انظار ّ‬ ‫البشر لم تتغ ّير حتّى يومنا‪:‬‬ ‫احلكم على الناس دون دليل‪.‬‬ ‫و تتناولها األلسن بالسوء‪ ،‬و‬ ‫الصب ّية ال تدر كيف تدافع عن‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫نفسها‪ ،‬فيدافع اهلل عنها‪.‬‬ ‫يتكلم الطفل‪ « :‬أنا عبد اهلل»‪.‬‬ ‫ذلك هو عيسى ابن مرمي‪.‬‬ ‫معجزة اهلل‪.‬‬



‫(صور‪ :‬محمد عالمة)‬

‫!‪The Insight Club at AUB is organizing a Benefit Night on Wednesday May 4 in Bathish Auditorium at 7 p.m‬‬ ‫‪This night is all about stage performances, short videos, emotional music, sketches and others, all grouped together‬‬ ‫‪under the theme of Palestine (taken from a humanitarian perspective), with sections devoted to Palestinian refugees‬‬ ‫>‪in Lebanon. More info available at <!/note.php?note_id=206502846043785‬‬

‫إلى جميع قراءنا ‪ :‬صحيفة االوتلوك ترحب بالراغبني لإلنتساب إلى فر يقها‪.‬‬

‫أ وتلو ك‬

‫اجلامعة األميركية في بيروت‬

‫للمزيد من املعلومات‪ ،‬أدخلوا على موقعنا االلكتروني (‪ )‬أو راسلونا على ‪‬‬

‫املنشورة الطالبية املستقلة منذ عام ‪ | ١٩٤٩‬األربعاء ‪ 27‬نيسان ‪|2011‬‬

‫جزء ‪ ٬٤٣‬عدد ‪26‬‬

‫‪10‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫كاتب من هذا الزمان‪ :‬عبيدو‬ ‫نادي الثقافي السعودي ‪ -‬وجونير‬ ‫تشيمبرز انترناشونال‬

‫باشا «املقاتلجي»‬

‫بني الطموح واحللم‪ ،‬هناك رابط‬

‫نور احلافي‬ ‫مساهمة صحفية‬

‫من منّا ال يحلم بالوصول إلى‬ ‫املراتب العليا وحتقيق طموحاته‪.‬‬ ‫الكثير من الناس يكتفون‬ ‫اإلقتصادي‬ ‫بالقليل ألن الوضع‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يفرض عليهم الوقوف عند‬ ‫حدود مع ّينة‪ ،‬كي يبقوا على‬ ‫أرض الواقع وال يح ّلقوا في أعالي‬ ‫السماء‪ .‬من منّا ال يحمل على‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫هم دفع القسط اجلامعي‬ ‫عاتقه ّ‬ ‫في بداية الفصل اجلديد‪ .‬ك ّلنا‬ ‫نسعى للحصول على أقصى‬ ‫الدرجات لنأخذ املنحة من‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫مكتب املساعدات املال ّية في‬ ‫ا ّ‬ ‫جلامعة‪ ،‬ونتهافت على أبواب‬ ‫ال ‪« ” financial aid‬‬ ‫حتسبا ً من‬ ‫لنقدم امللف كامالً ّ‬ ‫رفض املساعدة التي تقدمها‬ ‫لنا اجلامعة سنويا ً‪ .‬كلنا نحلم‬ ‫باحلصول على « ‪financial‬‬ ‫‪ »aid‬زائدة عن العام السابق‬ ‫ولكن من اآلن وصاعدا ً ال مزيد‬ ‫من األحالم ألن طموح حتقق ما‬ ‫متنينا‪.‬‬ ‫بدو طموح»‬ ‫«احللم ما بدو خيال‪ّ ،‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الشعار افتتح برنامج‬ ‫بهذا‬ ‫طموح أبوابه الستقبال طلبات‬

‫التالميذ من جميع املناطق‬ ‫لعام ‪ .2011‬هذا البرنامج‬ ‫املدعوم من شركة ببسيكو بدأ‬ ‫عام ‪ 2003‬عندما تعهد الس ّيد‬ ‫سعد عبد اللطيف‪ ،‬ال ّرئيس‬ ‫التنفيذي ألقاليم آسيا ّ‬ ‫والشرق‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫األوسط وإفريقيا في بيبسيكو‪،‬‬ ‫خالل املنتدى االقتصادي العربي‪،‬‬ ‫مبنح مليون دوالر أمريكي لدعم‬ ‫الدراسات العليا في الوطن‬ ‫العربي‪ .‬ومنذ ذلك الوقت‬ ‫تضاعف التزام بيبسيكو‬ ‫ليستفيد طالب في ثالث‬ ‫دول شرق أوسطية هي لبنان‬ ‫واألردن ومصر‪ .‬يعمل البرنامج‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫منظمات غير‬ ‫بالشراكة مع‬ ‫حكوم ّية في ّ‬ ‫كل دولة‪ :‬جمع ّية‬ ‫أجيالنا في لبنان‪ ،‬وبرنامج‬ ‫الغذاء العاملي لألمم املتّحدة‬ ‫في مصر‪ ،‬والصندوق األردني‬ ‫الهاشمي للتنمية البشر ّية‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫في األردن‪ .‬وفيما يعمل برنامج‬ ‫طموح جاهدا ً لتوفير التعليم‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫يستحقونه‪ ،‬فإن‬ ‫املستم ّر ملن‬ ‫بعض املستفيدين في لبنان‬ ‫هم من املستفيدين املتكررين‪،‬‬ ‫بعد تقدمهم للمنح الدراس ّية‬ ‫م ّرتني أو ثالث أو اكثر على‬ ‫التّوالي واثبات استحقاقهم‬

‫(صورة‪ :‬نور‬


‫للمساعدات‪ .‬في اجلامعة‬ ‫األميركية هناك أكثر من ‪90‬‬ ‫مستفيد من املساعدات املالية‬ ‫التي قدمتها طموح خالل ‪4‬‬ ‫سنوات وهناك مكان يتّسع‬ ‫لعددٍ أكبر‪ .‬املنحة التي تقدمها‬ ‫طموح تتراوح بني ‪ $500‬و‪$5000‬‬ ‫وذلك يعتمد على الوضع‬

‫املادي للتّلميذ وعلى عالماته‬ ‫اجلامع ّية‪ .‬واجلدير بالذكر أن هذا‬ ‫البرنامج يغطي التالميذ من‬ ‫أما جديد‬ ‫عمر ‪ 22-15‬سنة‪ّ .‬‬ ‫عام ‪ ،2011‬فقد عملت شركة‬ ‫بيبسيكو على إتاحة املزيد من‬ ‫التّعليم بشكل أكبر للطالب‬

‫من ذوي االحتياجات اخلاصة‬ ‫وذلك من خالل تخصيص‬ ‫‪ %10‬إضافية لصندوق هبات‬ ‫«طموح» ملساعدتهم على‬ ‫اإلنخراط في املؤسسات‬ ‫التعليمية املرموقة والرائدة‪.‬‬ ‫التتمة ص ‪11‬‬

‫عا ًما و ال ّنشيد الوطني ليس لوطني ‪« Insight Club‬على‬ ‫خطى مرمي و عيسى»‬

‫جاد شمس الدين‬ ‫مساهم صحفي‬

‫في عام ‪ 1920‬وبعد اعالن دولة‬ ‫عدة‬ ‫لبنان الكبير‪ ،‬برزت قصائد ّ‬ ‫السيادة الوطنية‪،‬‬ ‫رافقت فكرة ّ‬ ‫وفي ايار ‪ 1926‬مت اعالن اجلمهورية‬ ‫اللبنانية‪ .‬فكرة احلكومة االولى‬ ‫بعهد الرئيس االول للجمهورية‬ ‫شارل دباس في وضع نشيد‬ ‫لبناني‪ ،‬فتشكلت لهذه‬ ‫وطني‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الغاية جلنة حتكيمية بني‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الشعراء املتبارين في لبنان وبالد‬ ‫االغتراب الختيار النشيد‪،‬وفي‬ ‫متوز ‪ 1926‬صدر مرسوم جمهوري‬ ‫عنوانه <<مسابقة الختيار‬ ‫النشيد الوطني اللبناني>>‬ ‫وكانت اللجنة منقسمة الى‬ ‫قسمني‪ ،‬القسم االول كان‬ ‫مسؤوال ً عن اختيار القصيدة اما‬ ‫الثاني فكان املسؤول عن اختيار‬ ‫اللحن‪.‬‬ ‫وفي اواخر عام ‪ 1926‬اعلنت‬ ‫جلنة اختيار القصيدة نتيجة‬ ‫املباراة فكان النشيد الفائز‬

‫منى أيوب‬ ‫كاتبة صحفية‬

‫(صورة‪) :‬‬

‫للشاعر رشيد نخلة‪ .‬ولكن‬ ‫هناك قصيدة حماسية لعبد‬ ‫احلليم احلجار والتي اثارت‬ ‫اهتمام اللجنة و يقال انها‬ ‫املرجحة من بعد قصيدة‬ ‫كانت ّ‬ ‫نخلة وتقول‪:‬‬ ‫الفخر في بالدنا والعز باحتادنا‬ ‫وعن ذرى اوطادنا واالرز ال تسل‬


‫حبذ لبنان جنة‬ ‫مهبط البيان وتربة اجلدود‬ ‫يا بني االوطان‬ ‫ ‬ ‫عصبة االسود‬ ‫‪...‬‬ ‫وقد دخل هذا النشيد فيما‬ ‫التتمة ص‪11‬‬

‫قصة مرمي و عيسى‪ .‬ليست‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫قصة لتروى فقط‪ ،‬بل لتؤخذ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫قصة املعجزات‬ ‫منها العبر‪.‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫الدروس منها تصلح‬ ‫هذه ال تزال ّ‬ ‫حلياتنا ومجتمعنا رغم مرور‬ ‫ألفني وأحد عشر عاما عليها‪ .‬أو‬ ‫ما يقارب‪...‬‬ ‫نهار الثالثاء ‪،2011/4 /19‬‬ ‫استضاف الـ‪Insight Club‬‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫حداد إللقاء‬ ‫الشيخ أسامة‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫محاضرة بعنوان « على خطى‬ ‫مرمي و عيسى «‪ .‬تن ّوع احلضور‬ ‫بني أعضاء و عير أعضاء أتوا‬ ‫ليستمعوا للمنظور اإلسالمي‬ ‫للقصة‪.‬‬ ‫معنى اسم مرمي هو «محبوبة‬ ‫قصته‪.‬‬ ‫اهلل»‪ .‬هكذا بدأ الشيخ ّ‬

‫حني حملت بها أمها‪ ،‬نذرتها‬ ‫خلدمة املعبد‪ .‬لم يخطر على‬ ‫بال األم أن مولودها قد يكون‬ ‫أنثى – يومها لم يكن عمل‬ ‫حتدت‬ ‫اإلناث في املعابد مقبوال ً‪ّ .‬‬ ‫االم و وفت بنذرها وعملت مرمي‬ ‫في املعبد‪ .‬إذن‪ ،‬العادات وليس‬ ‫الدين ما يضع القيود على املرأة‬ ‫ومينعها من العمل في اجملتمع‪.‬‬ ‫ضروري إذا‬ ‫أساسي و‬ ‫عملها‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫وضعت في املوقع الصحيح‪.‬‬ ‫هكذا أوضح الشيخ‪.‬‬ ‫تو ّفي أبوها قبل والدتها‪ .‬مرمي‬ ‫عاشت يتيمة‪ .‬هكذا هو حال‬ ‫محمد‬ ‫كالنبي‬ ‫معظم األنبياء‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ص ّلى اهلل عليه و سلم‪ .‬رمبا‬ ‫حلكمة ما‪ ،‬قال ّ‬ ‫الشيخ‪ :‬مات‬ ‫األب لتربى مرمي بعناية اهلل‪.‬‬ ‫التتمة ص ‪11‬‬

I 26, Vol 43  
I 26, Vol 43  

Issue 26 Vol 43 (Outlook Student Newspaper at AUB)