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MARCH 11-13

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Turn In Poachers 1-800-POACHER Inside News

Barn Owl Boxes

The number of barn owls has declined in many northern states, much to the chagrin of researchers who say the birds are proficient in rodent control. See Page 4

4-H Shooting Sports

Members of the Greene County Guns and Clovers 4-H club are honing their skills in preparation for competition later in the year of 2016. See Page 5



The DNR’s TIP Program Celebrates Years of Success


More Than 100,000 Trout Will Be Stocked in Ohio this Spring

VOL. 11, NO. 06

Shotguns still lead the way By Jeffrey L. Frischkorn Contributing Writer Athens, Ohio — Armed with more options than ever, Ohio’s deer hunters are taking to the woods with everything from medieval era longbow technology to 19th-centurystyle buffalo rifles to the latest jazzed-up shotguns and stateof-the-art revolvers. Equipped with its frequently maligned virtually real-time deer check-in system, the Ohio Division of Wildlife has at its disposal an equally quick read out of the six forms of implements that Ohio’s successful deer hunters employed to bring home the venison. And there are stirrings that a seventh option may appear down the road with big-gamecapable air rifles seeing the okay given in several states. For now, with two year’s worth of data regarding the allowance of a legal assemblage of straight-walled rifle cartridges, the wildlife division is able to provide reliable apples-to-apples hunting (See Shotguns Page 30)


Shawnee Trout Derby Celebrates 50 Years in S’West



The Venerable Spinning Reel Fit for All Fish Enthusiasts MARCH 11, 2016

TURKEY TIME (ALMOST!): With Ohio’s spring turkey season just around the corner, we’ll get you ready in this edition of Ohio Outdoor News. Opening day for spring turkey is April 18 and the season runs through May 15. Youth season is April 16 and April 17. Photo by John D. LaMere

Deer regs not likely to change much next year Grand River Dam Job

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is taking on a project to rehabilitate the 115-year-old Harpersfield Dam on the Upper Grand River. The project is expected to cost around $6 million. See Page 6

By Mike Moore Editor Columbus — On the heels of a larger than expected overall deer kill in the 2015-2016 season, proposals for Ohio’s 2016-2017 deer season dates and bag limits to remain mostly unchanged were presented at a recent meeting of the Ohio Wildlife Council.

“We’re set up well to keep our same (deer regulations) package for next year,” said Dave Kohler, administrator for wildlife research and management for the DNR Division of Wildlife. Among the noteworthy proposals was to move the two-day deer-gun season to Wednesday and Thursday, Dec. 28-29.

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Jeanette Mack, of St. Marys, caught and released this black crappie while jig fishing Grand Lake St. Marys on Feb. 22.

“We were shooting to have it between Christmas and New Year’s and we know from the process last year that having it right up against Christmas was not good for some people. So, it’s the same time period as it was last year, just different days of the week,” said Kohler. (See Deer Regs Page 30)

Deer management units not in immediate plans By Mike Moore Editor Columbus — The DNR Division of Wildlife’s long-term deer management plans to move to deer management units will have to wait a bit longer than expected. “We’re not on schedule (to institute deer management units) next year,” said Dave Kohler, administrator for wildlife research and management for the Division of Wildlife. “We’re still massaging that through the public process. “We currently have 88 different management units (counties) and the total kill can be divided a lot of different ways, so we’ll have to see how that sorts itself out,” Kohler said. Kohler, in a teleconference with outdoor writers in Feburary, said

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he’s not sure we’ll even see it in the 2017-2018 season. “I would not characterize it as likely, no,” Kohler said. “ ... Obviously, this is one of the things that we’ll talk about as we move forward and get more public input. We’re sort of in a process here and I don’t want to jump to conclusions when I don’t know what those conclusions are going to be at this point.” Pressed even further on the issue, Kohler said public input is a vital component of deciding whether or not to move to deer management units. “We have a lot of process we have to go through to get public input,” Kohler said. “If in the next six months we hear from our hunters that they want us to do this, then it becomes more likely.”

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March 11, 2016

March 11, 2016

Ohio Insider


OHIO’S ENVIRONMENTAL ADVOCATES RECENTLY PUT A LITTLE MORE MUSCLE behind their movement. For a number of years, the Ohio Environmental Council has conducted policy work, legal work, and coalition building at the Ohio Statehouse. This has pitted them often against highly-powerful interests such as power companies, the oil and gas industry, as well as other interMI KE M O O R E ED I T O R ests or groups. The Columbus Dispatch recently reported that those Statehouse efforts will now be supplemented by a new nonprofit organization known as the Ohio Environmental Council Action Fund. This new group will allow the OEC to get into politics and elections in ways that the group has not done before, the newspaper reports. “The OEC Action Fund gets to do some harder-hitting things, both positive and negative accountability and getting involved in the actual political scene itself,” said Gene Karpinski, president of the League of Conservation Voters, which is partnering with the Fund. “It’s important because smart policy needs smart politics.” The action fund is a 501(c)(4), a nonprofit organization that can raise and spend unlimited funds from donors who do not have to be disclosed, the newspaper reports. The fund’s efforts will include communicating with the public and creating a dialogue in particular lawmakers’ districts on issues of importance, said Aryeh Alex, director of the fund. The group ultimately will tell voters whether or not they should support a particular environmental issue or candidate. “This is a new tactic that has not been developed in Ohio in the past,” Alex said. “We feel that it is going to build a long-term infrastructure and long-term support for environmental issues all over the state.” One of the League of Conservation Voters’ primary issues is climate change. The problem of algae blooms on Lake Erie and other Ohio lakes, clean energy standards, and protection of state parks are among the other top issues for the OEC Action Fund in Ohio, the Dispatch reports. Shale fracking has also been a popular topic. Karpinski said the fossil fuel industry is a well-funded machine, supported in Ohio by Americans for Prosperity, a group funded by businessmen David and Charles Koch that regularly disagrees with environmental groups over regulations. Karpinski and others worry that the rhetoric can be too one-sided, therefore not reflecting the true view of all Ohioans. “We’re not going to out-raise (the Koch brothers) or out-fund them,” Karpinski said. “But, we’re going to out-smart them and out-organize them.” Lofty goals, to be sure, for such an undertaking. The OEC for years has been successful in pushing its environmental agenda through the legislature, but this appears to be a whole new ballgame with heightened importance to all Ohioans who enjoy the outdoor lifestyle. But, it says here that the Ohio legislature and governor’s administration need an organization like this in the Buckeye State if nothing else than to serve as a check and balance. Let’s face it, we need all the help we can get with regard to the Lake Erie algae problem. The agriculture industry certainly has folks at the statehouse bidding its business. Shouldn’t Ohio’s outdoorsmen and women enjoy the same type of representation? Ohio Outdoor News welcomes unsolicited fishing and hunting photographs. Enclose a self-addressed, stamped envelope for return of photograph to: Ohio Outdoor News, P.O. Box 1010, Delaware, OH 43015. E-mail: Website:

Publisher: Glenn A. Meyer Editor: Mike Moore ( Managing Editor: Rob A. Drieslein Proofreader: Mary Motz

Sales and Marketing Director: Evy Gebhardt Display Advertising: Aaron Wolf (877) 231-5365 Classified Advertising: Patty Haubrick (763) 398-3453 or (877) 494-4246 Administration: Dianne J. Meyer, Sara A. Pojar, Jennifer Chamberlain Subscriber Services: Teresa Anderson, Stephanie Meybaum, Carol Soberg, Gloria Raymond Layout Supervisor: Ron Nelson Layout Associates: Don Dittberner, Ronnie Anderson Ad Production Supervisor: Cindy Rosin Ad Production Associates: Dana Tuss, Nichole Kinzer Web Master: Aaron Geddis Office hours: Monday - Friday: 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. Phone: (800) 535-5191 or (740) 363-2374 Fax (763) 546-5913 OHIO OUTDOOR NEWS (USPS 023-887) is published bi-weekly, 26 times annually, by Outdoor News, Inc., 9850 51st Ave. N., Suite 130, Plymouth, MN 55442-3271. Periodical postage paid at St. Paul, MN and additional mailing offices. Subscription rates: $22 (one year-26 issues), $40 (two years-52 Issues). Single copy: $2.50. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to: Outdoor News Inc., 9850 51st Ave. N., Suite 130 Plymouth, MN 55442-3271 THE SPORTSMAN’S CHOICE FOR NEWS AND INFORMATION



Copyright 2016


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“If I was a smallmouth I’d hang around those rocks over there...”


Nugent hurts Second Amendment cause By Jeffrey L. Frischkorn

Many families have a wild and nutty relative, a person that at parties will plant a lampshade on his head, tell inappropriate jokes in front of children, guests, and women, and generally engage in embarrassing behavior. We – the five million members of the National Rifle Association – have a crazy uncle, too. Worse, we facilitate Uncle Ted Nugent’s crass rudeness and all-too frequent deplorable acts that – while they may prick the thin skins of the AntiSecond Amendment Lobby – they also do nothing to enhance our organization’s image before a much less tolerant public. A public, by the way, that we’re going to need this election cycle. Nugent’s latest episode should be that last straw – an act so lacking in dignity and self-control, of just plain meanness that as an organization we must relegate Uncle Ted to the basement. His latest over-the-top – no, hatred – rant involves a posting that Nugent recently wrote (Feb. 8) on his Facebook account. This diatribe included photographs of a dozen leading members of what I prefer to call the Anti-Second Amendment Lobby.

The names are familiar to each of the NRA’s five million members. Among those whom Nugent singled out were California’s retiring Sen. Dianne Feinstein, Chicago Mayor Rahm Emmanuel, and the Anti-Second Amendment Lobby’s sugar daddy and former mayor of New York City, Michael Bloomberg. Of course Nugent had every right and reason to note that this group of 12 men and women hold in contempt the Second Amendment along with the NRA and its membership roster, which features several members of my family – my wife and me included. However, Nugent went far beyond simply showing the 12 faces and correctly identifying them as being opponents of a treasured Constitutional right. He included electronically pasting the image of an Israeli flag across each of the faces of his 12 chosen Anti-Second Amendment Lobby activists. Adding another disgusting anti-Semitic viewpoint, Nugent tossed more volatile words on his hate-filled fire. He tattooed to the photograph of the late Sen. Frank Lautenberg this written nota(See Commentary Page 38)

Letters to the Editor

Commentaries and letters are the opinions of the writers, not necessarily those of Ohio Outdoor News.

Too few deer is a major problem I have been hunting deer on AEP public hunting land in Coshocton County, Ohio, for more than 30 years. I love that rough terrain, timber, and that deep woods feeling. The excitement of just seeing deer was in itself rewarding. Being retired for some time now, I put in my 35 years, gives me the opportunity to spend more time in the woods than most still having to work for a living. However, the rewards are less and less each year with many, too many, hours and days with nothing to show for my time but peacefully enjoying the wonders of nature – not deer! I don’t feel like I have to take a deer every year and quit often don’t. Oftentimes, just taking their pictures has been a real rush. When my hunting buddy and I share videos we are almost as excited as if we actually harvested the deer. We are both really disappointed in the lack of deer sighting that we one time enjoyed and this is getting worse with each passing season. I know it is not for lack of effort or experience on our part. More and more hunters are realizing this problem on public land as well as other areas. When the out-of-state hunters looking for those Ohio’s big bucks at cheap nonresident license fees

Online Opinions This issue’s question ----------------------------------------------------------Do you ever fish for stocked trout in Ohio? Yes or No

Last issue’s question ----------------------------------------------------------Did you hunt any small game this year, in Ohio or elsewhere? Yes 57% No 43%

Vote @ Discuss @

Attention Readers Ohio Outdoor News invites letters from its readers. All letters must have the writer’s name, complete address and phone number. (Phone numbers will not be printed.) Letters should be no longer than 250 words. Form letters will not be printed. Ohio Outdoor News reserves the right to edit. Address letters to: Letters to the Editor, Ohio Outdoor News P.O. Box 1010, Delaware, OH 43015 E-mail:

stop showing up, with game cameras with very little pictures, and extremely small amounts or no rubs or scrapes, this all points to less deer. I know the numbers are still reasonable in some areas but not on public land. Private land holds the deer but trying to get permission to hunt there is tough and I understand the reluctance of landowners to give permission especially when they are given by the state permits to kill deer that are a nuisance. I once approached a game protector at the deer and turkey expo in Columbus about limiting the amount of deer taken on public land and possibly control how many permits are issued to landowners. He laughed, saying there would be no way of enforcing or controlling that type of proposal. I said it had to work somewhat better than the current system with the help of honest hunters. Again he reiterated it could not be enforced. Well, how enforceable is our current system where a person tags his or her deer with a slip of paper that can be copied on any copier, calls it in when they get home, without anyone along the way officially recording the harvest? How easy would it be to make extra copies and simply tear them up at home and start all over again? I realize coyotes are a very real threat to our deer herd after seeing game camera pictures with a large doe and either one or no fawns and these same cameras with pictures of bobcats and plenty of coyotes. I am not sure what can be done about that and the fact that public lands away (See Letters Page 38)

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March 11, 2016

Research says barn owls are good rodent control option By Celeste Baumgartner Contributing Writer Pittsburgh — Their heart-shaped face makes barn owls easily recognizable. But since the 1950s, there are fewer of those faces around; barn owl numbers have declined in many northern states. That’s our loss because barn owls are go-getters when it comes to keeping rodent populations under control. Loss of habitat – grasslands, wetlands, and hedgerows, and loss of the open wooden barns, which are being replaced by closed metal ones – are the primary reasons for their decline. Mark Browning became interested in barn owls while working as an animal trainer and a field researcher for the Pittsburgh Zoo. He started a breed-and-release program with barn owls – they bred the owls in an aviary at the zoo and released them in the fall. “Between the zoo and the Moraine Preservation Fund we released over 200 owls,” Browning said. “I began to wonder how effective breed-and-release was. To determine that, I put in for a grant to do satellite telemetry to find out where the owls were going.” Under the auspices of the Pittsburgh Zoo and the Moraine

Preservation Fund, Browning received $90,000 in grant money to attach telemetry devices to 16 birds, which he tracked for one year. It was the first satellite tracking study conducted of barn owls. “It revealed some interesting facts that are supported by other studies but our study, being satellite telemetry was more accurate,” Browning said. “We determined that young barn owls dispersed dramatically in the fall, sometimes going long distances. One of our birds went from Pennsylvania to New Orleans, a distance of over 1,200 miles.” Another owl went to Florida, and yet another spent the winter in South Carolina. Browning found that barn owls go long distances, and they tend to disperse in random directions – although northern birds disperse predominately toward the south. The second thing Browning learned was that barn owl mortality was over 75 percent – not too unusual in birds that breed out many young. Barn owls frequently have seven to nine eggs a year and fledge out four to five birds to a nest. Also, they may have more than one clutch a year. Great horned owls, by comparison, produce one to two owlets a year.

Sounding Board son of

rall deer sea QUESTION: “How did your ove 2015-2016 go?”

Norm Hamlin Dayton (Montgomery County)

“I got my buck in Michigan with a crossbow. We didn’t see anything in Ohio that we wanted to shoot. We already had enough meat.”

Research shows that barn owls like this one are real go-getters when it comes to keeping rodent Photo courtesy of Mark Browning populations under control, Baumgartner writes. The third thing Browning determined in his research was that of the young that do survive, not very many return to their natal area. So breed-and-release looked like an expensive and inefficient way of bringing barn owls back. That was when Browning turned to nest box programs as a way for biologists and conservationists to bring back barn owls. Another study Browning did in 2012 in California was designed to measure the effect of a large, dense population of barn owls on a resident rodent population. On a 100-acre vineyard, Browning and a team of students erected 25 nest boxes to see just how dense of a population of barn owls they could attract to the area. They chose the vineyard because of a heavy rodent population. Eighteen breeding pairs took up residence in the vineyard. “Those 18 birds fledged 66 young, and that amounted to 102 owls hunting that area,” he said.

“By conservative estimates, we had figures of that population taking 15,000 rodents in that one season, which is a phenomenal number.” The research team did a cost analysis of using barn owls for control of the pocket gopher, a rodent of the West and Midwest. They factored in the cost of nest boxes, poles, mulch, and labor, and compared that to other methods, such as trapping and poisons. “Trapping a single pocket gopher cost approximately $8,” Browning said. “By comparison, using barn owls cost 25 cents per pocket gopher. The value of the barn owl to a farmer is to reduce significantly the number and activity of rodents pests, which lowers crop losses, feed losses, and harm to plants and trees.” Browning has designed a molded plastic barn owl box. He is convinced that installing barn owl boxes is the key to bring-

ing back those higher numbers. The Barn Owl Nest Box is now in use by the DNRs of Illinois, Wisconsin, and Missouri, the Army Corps of Engineers, and the Audubon Societies of Illinois and South Carolina. For information on Browning’s research and the molded plastic Barn Owl Nest Box visit, In Ohio, the DNR Division of Wildlife has put up 400 wooden barn owl nest boxes since 1989. They put up boxes in conjunction with landowners who are willing to maintain and monitor the boxes and report their findings to the DOW. Now, through a Citizen Science Project, the DOW is encouraging the public to report barn owl sightings throughout the breeding season, which starts in April and runs through August when the chicks leave the nest. To report a barn owl sighting in Ohio call (800) 945-3543.

Walter “Tuffy” Oyer Waverly (Pike County)

“My deer season went alright. I shot a doe here in Pike County.”

Jared Lydy North Fairfield (Huron County)

“I shot a 10-point during bow season. I also shot a doe during bow season and another doe during shotgun season and I was all done.”

Gary Hanes Kimbolton (Guernsey County)

“It stunk. I didn’t see as many deer as normal. I’ve never seen as few deer in Guernsey County as I did last year. I don’t know where they’re going ... I think we need a year of just a one-deer (bag limit).”

Dave Slezyak Girard (Trumbull County)

“My season went pretty good. I shot a nice 8-point during gun season. I hunted bow season too and had a couple of button bucks come underneath me but I wasn’t going to shoot a button buck.”

—Compiled by Mike Moore

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March 11, 2016

Mixed Bag

Deer, Turkey Expo Rolls Into Columbus

Columbus — The 2016 Ohio Deer and Turkey Expo rolls into the capital city of Columbus March 11-13. The event is being held at the Bricker Building on the grounds of the Ohio Expo Center (state fairgrounds), 717 E. 17th Ave. Hours are Friday, March 11 from 2 p.m. to 9 p.m., Saturday, March 12 from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m., and Sunday, March 13 from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. The Deer and Turkey Expo features a host of seminars, contests, and vendors displaying and selling their wares. For more information, visit the website at

Legal Battle Brews Over Bobcat

Columbus — A 26-pound domesticated, declawed bobcat is at the center of a legal fight over whether its owner should be subject to Ohio’s tougher wild animal laws. The Ohio DNR is asking the state Supreme Court to overturn a lower court decision finding that lawmakers failed to put bobcats on the list of wild animals subject to state regulation. Adam Federer was since 2003 granted a license from the state to keep his bobcat. But in 2014 the state told him he had to get a wild-animal permit from the Department of Agriculture, making his pet subject to strict permitting, caging, and care rules dictated by the new law. Ohio enacted stricter rules after a suicidal man released dozens of wild animals from a farm in 2011.

Youth Hunters Get Shot At Paint Creek Hillsboro, Ohio — Young turkey hunters will be able to take advantage of a permit-only youth turkey hunt at Paint Creek State Park during the 2016 spring turkey season, according to the Ohio DNR. Hunters 17 years of age and younger, accompanied by the non-hunting adult that will accompany them on the day of the hunt, are eligible to apply for a drawing to hunt within four specified zones April 16, 23, and 30, and May 7 and 14. Registration for the drawing gets underway at the Fallsville Wildlife Area, 10221 Careytown Rd., New Vienna, on Saturday, March 26, at 1:30 p.m. The drawing will be held promptly at 2 p.m. The non-hunting adult accompanying the youth hunter on the day of the hunt must enter the drawing. The permit will be issued in the adult’s name. If drawn, the youth hunter must purchase an Ohio hunting license and youth turkey permit. Permits are transferable through the Fallsville headquarters and must be done 24 hours prior to the hunt. The contact number for Fallsville Wildlife Area is (937) 987-2508, interested hunters can also call Wildlife District 5 Headquarters at (937) 372-9261. All youth hunt information is posted at wildohio. com. $80 Billion Needed For Great Lakes Fix

Ann Arbor, Mich. — Federal regulators say nearly $80 billion is needed over the next 20 years to reduce sewage overflows and protect drinking water in the Great Lakes region. An organization that lobbies for increased Great Lakes funding says that number comes from a recent U.S. Environmental Protection Agency report on the nation’s water infrastructure. Pollution from sewer overflows and stormwater runoff is one cause of beach closures and destruction of fish and wildlife habitat. The federal government provides low-interest loans to help communities upgrade sewer and water systems. About $500 million is available to the eight Great Lakes states this year. But the Healing Our Waters-Great Lakes Coalition says that’s not enough. It says at current funding levels, it would take 160 years to meet the needs of communities in the region.

More Funds Available For Algae Fight

Toledo, Ohio — The U.S. agriculture department says more money is available to help farmers in northwestern Ohio in an effort to cut down on pollution that feeds Lake Erie’s algae blooms. The new round of funding is part of a five-year, $17.5 million program. Livestock farmers in Ohio will receive priority for the funding to help them comply with new laws on storing manure. Farmers in Michigan and Indiana also will be getting some of the money to reduce the pollutants that wash away from the fields and help the algae thrive. Ohio’s share will be just over $12 million. State leaders say that should help put conservation efforts into about 45,000 acres.

Clean Water Rule Can Be Challenged Cincinnati — A federal appeals court has ruled that it will hear challenges to a clean water rule implemented by President Barack Obama’s administration. At issue is a regulation that attempts to clarify which small streams, wetlands, and other waterways the government can shield from pollution and development. The 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati said in a 2-1 decision it will hear challenges to the rules by 18 states. The Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers issued the regulations last year after two Supreme Court rulings left uncertain which waterways can be protected under the Clean Water Act. States challenging the rules say they go too far and could be costly to landowners. The government says they would safeguard drinking water for 117 million Americans. — compiled from DNR, Staff, and Wire reports


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4-H’ers shooting to the top on gun range By Larry Moore Contributing Writer Springfield, Ohio — With a cold blast of winter air and snow blowing throughout the area, most people around Ohio are likely not thinking about the fair season. Yet that is exactly what 4H youth and their families are doing. Some of the animals have been weighed in, clubs are meeting, and projects are started. This reporter caught up with the Greene County 4H Guns ’N’ Clovers 4H Club at the Miami Valley Shooting Range facility in Springfield where members are participating in 4H shooting sports. Classroom work on firearm handling and safety was in progress. Others, who have completed the class work, were on the range shooting pistols or rifles at the indoor facility. The Guns ’N’ Clovers leaders include Brenda Sandman-Stover and Rick Stull. Sandman-Stover works at the Greene County OSU Extension office and coordinates the program, while Stull volunteers as both an instructor and coordinator. Along with a team of background checked, trained, and extremely dedicated instructors, they are giving these young people, many who have never been around firearms before, a quality start in the shooting sports. Instructors or volunteers must take considerable training before being certified to instruct. “I trained at the 4H Canter’s Cave for a full weekend,” said Stull. “The training starts on late Friday afternoon through Sunday afternoon. It is in-depth training with a concentrated focus on safety and how to work with the kids. Instructors must take the weekend class for each discipline they wish to teach. I am certified to only teach pistol and would need additional classes to instruct rifle or shotgun. The focus is that the instructors will be well trained in the type of firearm being utilized. Prior to taking the 4H shooting sports training, instructors must have completed 4H volunteer training which includes a background check.” He continues, “Brenda Sandman-Stover had taken over the club and brought it into the local extension office the year before I joined. I came on as an instructor because my daughter was interested in shooting. I thought this would be a great way to have an activity with her. I was already a 4H volunteer so I had been through the background check. We currently have eight instructors working with the club and offer all the disciplines for the youth.” The members are currently shooting rifles and pistols on the indoor ranges at the Miami Valley Shooting Grounds. The shotgun, muzzleloading firearms, archery, and living history will start the beginning of April. The outdoor range time for those is in cooperation with the Greene County Fish and Game Association. The youngsters are excited about the program. They are the best ambassadors for the 4H shooting sports and getting more young people involved. Club member Elijah Beekman, of Jamestown, explains, “This is my third year as part of the 4H shooting sports. I shoot shotgun and pistol programs.

Guns N’ Clover member Janine Stover prepares to shoot a pistol under the watchful eye of instructor Rick Stull. Contributed photo I love to shoot so when I heard about the shooting club, I joined to learn more. I like the shotgun best. I love it when I hit the target and it breaks in all directions. I think the pistol is harder because you have to aim very carefully. “At the beginning of the year you get a shooting sports book,” Elijah continues. “You have to read that and understand it. You make a poster and go to judging for the fair. The first year students must take gun safety as part of their project. We demonstrate shooting for safety but there is no competition shooting involved for the fair. Other kids should join because it’s fun learning about guns and shooting. It’s all about being safe.” Some of the kids are outside their comfort zone and often nervous about shooting in a group or especially for the first time. It’s great to see them come off the range with a big smile of success and with knowing “Hey I can really do this!” On new shooter was Lia Johnson. She was very safety conscious and precise handling her rifle. Her parents are not shooters but understand the need to learn proper safety and handling of firearms. Since their daughter is enjoying it so much, they have an interest in learning to shoot. Her mother, Cathi Johnson noted, “We did archery last year and she really liked it. We encouraged her to take guns this year to understand safety with firearms and have a new experience. She is doing both archery and rifles this year. Every Thursday she can’t wait to shoot.” While having never fired a gun before, Emma Johnson had a real sparkle of anticipation in her eye going into the range. The instructor spent a lot of time reviewing the pistol, explaining all the parts, verifying her master eye, plus working with her grip and sight alignment. Johnson had an even bigger smile on her face and was giggling after the first shot. She soon settled down and immediately began to shoot some more. The training permitted the instructors to get new shooters comfortable very quickly. “We are really happy with the opportunity to teach the kids and have them on ranges where they can safely shoot,” Stull said. “It’s great to watch the kids as they become confident and proficient.”


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March 11, 2016

Dam on Grand River scheduled for rehabilitation project By Jeffrey L. Frischkorn Contributing Writer Ashtabula, Ohio — Long talked about as being a crumbling structure, the 115-yearold Harpersfield Dam on the Upper Grand River is now on the federal funding docket as a $6 million replacement objective. As such, the project will become the most expensive such operation anywhere on the Great Lakes. Located on the Grand River in Ashtabula County’s Harpersfield Township and a couple of miles south of Interstate 90, the once-waterworks dam is fused in an historical and tourism pas de deux with the adjacent Harpersfield Covered Bridge, both of which make up a 26-acre unit of the Ashtabula County Metroparks system. The existing concrete dam – ground-penetrating radar noting the dam’s crest is actually hollow along the structure’s entire 325-foot length – is slated for partial demolition late next year, following final design and construction bidding. Its replacement will likely see completion at some point in 2018. All of this to assure that breeding adult sea lamprey cannot bypass any fallen structure and access the stream and its tributaries above the impacted site. A federally funded study suggests that the coupled mileage of the Grand River trunk and its many tributary branches could potentially offer up to 1,266 miles of habitat for sea lamprey production. Indeed, the Corps of Army Engineers’ study concludes that existing cracks in the dam’s decaying body may even now allow for sea lamprey intrusion into the Upper Grand River Watershed. “Harpersfield Dam currently serves as an unreliable barrier to the upstream migration of the invasive sea lamprey due its sloping downstream face and (the) lack of a horizontal lip at its crest,” says a Corps’ 16-page public presentation document. Yet the Harpersfield Dam represents something of an anomaly to the rule that dams – regardless of their age, or historical

image courtesy of of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

The diagram above shows what the new dam will look like during the rehabilitation process by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. or recreational value – are more than just eyesores. They are structures that impede the natural migration of aquatic wildlife, particularly fishes, and as such are typically deemed worthy only of the backhoe and the dozer. This exceptionalism is exactly the reason that a new Harpersfield Dam is expected to be anchored almost foot-for-foot where the present century-plus-old structure is found, say federal and state wildlife officials along with the Corps. “The thing is, that nursery water for the invasive sea lamprey is exceptional above Harpersfield Dam,” said Phil Hillman, fish management supervisor for the Ohio Division of Wildlife’s District 3 (Northeast Ohio) Office in Akron. “That has been everyone’s overriding concern.” That concern also involves money. It costs the Great Lakes Fisheries Commission $127,000 to treat the Grand River every three to four years with a lampricide. Tear down that Grand River barrier and this expense would mushroom to more than $460,000, a due-bill the federal government

would find staggering. All of which is especially true given that the Grand River now stands atop the heap as Ohio’s Number One sea lamprey nursery, even without the additional mileage that is potentially racked up above Harpersfield dam. So destructive is the sea lamprey that federal fisheries biologists estimate than an adult can destroy up to 40 pounds of fish in the predator’s lifetime. It does this by using its circular mouth, which contains concentric rows of teeth, to latch onto a fish’s body and then employing its rasping tongue to consume its host’s flesh. Because the sea lamprey has no natural enemy in the Great Lakes, if left unchecked it can play – and has played – havoc on the system’s fish populations. “Up until now we’ve been pretty successful in controlling the sea lamprey in the Grand River but we have concerns about the dam’s condition,” said Jessica Barber, a fisheries biologist with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Barber said those concerns focus on the

structure’s grizzled centurial age and the simple fact that nothing stands forever; certainly not a man-made structure that has withstood annual ice jams, flooding, and pummeling by countless trees ripped from their stream-side moorings and shipped off down the Grand River. “The north abutment is most in danger of failing,” Barber said as well. Corps project manager Kenneth E. Podsiadlo says that initial design concepts point to shaving off the structure’s hollowedout crest. All of the existing base will likely remain to support a new upper structure, which will probably extend slightly upstream and include a lamprey-impeding six-inch steel downstream-facing “lip,” Podsiadlo says. “The design is still being worked on by our design crew but the height should be about what it currently is; again, based on what our design team determines,” Podsiadlo said. However, any trout that can catapult itself above whatever structure is secured bankto-bank won’t need to navigate much of the silt and rich farm soil that the dam has held back since Theodore Roosevelt began occupying the White House following the assassination of President William McKinley of Ohio. The reason being, says Barber, is that the project will include scooping out the abovedam mucky goo and transporting it offsite. “So there will be minimal downstream impact from silt,” she said. In regards to funding, the check is being picked up by the federal government from two distinctly different pots. Those outlays will include a current estimate of $2.1 million from the Great Lakes Fisheries Commission – which is supported by both the United States and Canadian federal governments – and the remaining $3.9 million from the Corps’ Congressionally approved Great Lakes Restoration Initiative account, both Barber and Podsiadlo say. “This is a something that is absolutely necessary,” Hillman said.

March 11, 2016


Spike-on-one-side buck result of injury By Javier Serna Contributing Writer Westlake, Ohio — Some hunters believe that the spike-on-one-side phenomenon — when a buck has a single well-developed antler on one side, and a much-less developed spike horn on the other — is the result of bad genetics. That’s not necessarily what Tom Pavelka, of Westlake, thought this past hunting season, when he fired his crossbow at a deer sporting a quality 4-point rack on one side and a spike on the other. Pavelka’s bolt hit both lungs and nicked the buck’s heart, and the deer made it about 70 yards. He wished he had been so accurate a year before. When Pavelka found the deer with only one 4-point antler on one side, and a spike on the other, he quickly realized that this was the same exact deer he wounded last year — then sporting 8 points — and was unable to track down. “It’s my own fault for having made a poor shot last year, as it turned out to really mess up what would have been a quite nice 4x4 rack this year,” Pavelka said. The deer sported a mostly healed wound to the right rear leg at the ankle, and therein lies the root of the

phenomenon, contrary to popular belief. At least that’s what Gabriel Karns, a postdoctoral researcher and lecturer at Ohio State University, believes. Prior to his time in Ohio, Karns researched the very topic as a graduate student at Auburn University, where he found injuries to deer to be present on a majority of spike-on-one-side cases, and that unknown injuries couldn’t be ruled out in the other cases. Karns solicited samples from Alabama hunters during the 2010-2011 and 20112012 hunting seasons, and reviewed 71 samples, using whole skull samples instead of whole carcasses. Karns found trauma to the skull or pedicle (where antlers are attached to a deer skull) in a majority of the cases. Since Karns did not have the luxury of examining whole carcasses, there were certainly a lot of injuries – the type that Pavelka’s deer had – that he missed. “It’s an interesting issue,” Karns said. “Everybody has seen it. People tend to run to the bad genetics argument.” Karns focused on skull and pedicle trauma because that’s what he could readily do with the nature of his samples. “People weren’t shipping us old skeletons,” he said, noting that he put out a call for samples in local newspapers,

2014: The buck is shown in a trail camera image before it was shot the first time, resulting in the injury that affected its antler growth.

Page 7

2015: This photo shows what the buck looked like when Tom Pavelka harvested it. In the inset photo, the injury to the buck’s ankle can be seen. Photos courtesy of Tom Pavelka

outdoor magazines, messages on Internet forums, and word of mouth. He cited the research done by R.G. Marburger in 1972, which found that 69 percent of the bucks in that study had suffered old gunshot wounds or leg fractures, and noted that his own findings conflicted a bit. But the main theme was the same, that spike-on-one-side bucks are the result of external forces – injuries – not genetics. Karns said that such injuries, as they heal over time, can result in improved antler growth to both sides of the rack. He emphasized that harvesting such bucks does nothing to improve the genetic quality of a deer population. He likened a pedicle injury to putting one’s thumb over a running garden hose. “It would have been a 10-pointer but you have your thumb over the garden hose and all it can muster is this strangelooking spike,” he said. In the case of Pavelka’s buck, the

theory is that the buck physiologically diverts its nutrition and nutrients to healing and care, instead of that antler. Karns noted, that, as was the case with Pavelka’s buck, when the injury is to a rear leg, the horn on the opposite side of the buck’s body is the one affected. Pavelka said the leg of his deer was still a bit injured, though it had healed over. While he lamented his aim from the year before as having been responsible for reducing the 8-point buck down to 5 points, being able to take the animal was fulfilling for him. The bolt he first sent at the deer was diverted by foliage. He spent a few hours trying to track down the deer, but with only a scant blood trail, he gave up. It was only the second deer that he had hit but was unable to retrieve. “By taking this deer, albeit one year after the original non-retrieval, I’m back to having only one non-retrieved deer on my conscience,” he said.

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March 11, 2016

TIP program celebrates three decades of success in Ohio By Robert Loewendick Contributing Writer A black truck drove down the township road under the cover of darkness. The truck pulled over to the side of the road and the passenger shined a flashlight out across the picked cornfield. A moment later, a gunshot rang out and a deer feeding at the end of the flashlight beam fell. The passenger and the truck driver jogged across the field and retrieved the illegally killed buck. As they were loading the buck into the truck, eye blinding lights from a few dozen yards up the road flooded the two poachers and highlighted their crime. The poachers were surprised and had no clue as to how the wildlife officer caught them in the act. In Ohio, the 88 counties are assigned one wildlife officer each. Did the wildlife officer just get lucky by being at the right place and the right time? Sometimes so, but in many cases law enforcement receives a tip. In the case described above, the wildlife officer was alerted by the Ohio DNR’s Communication Center. An operator at the ODNRCC answered a call made to 1-800-POACHER. The caller had witnessed the black truck driving slowly along the township road suspiciously, heard a gunshot, and decided to make the call. Not only did the ethical, law-abiding sportsmen/women of Ohio benefit from the call by having wildlife law offenders fined, but the caller also benefited by receiving a monetary reward paid by the Turn-In-APoacher program. Ohio’s TIP program has had success in bringing wildlife law breakers to justice over the past

An operator for the DNR Division of Wildlife’s Turn-In-A-POACHER line enters information on a computer in the TIP line headquarters in Columbus. The TIP program in Ohio helps DNR law Photo by Robert Loewendick enforcement identify and apprehend poachers. three decades. But over the past several months, TIP’s success has been on the upswing. For example, the TIP program administrators and committee members typically review about six cases each quarter that result in rewards paid to 1-800-POACHER callers. This first TIP board meeting of 2016, held on the last day of January, was an extra busy one with 19 cases reviewed and rewards paid. The primary reason for the increase in paid rewards? Better communications overall. Since the inception of TIP in 1982, phone calls made by individuals willing to report suspicious activities in the

field were directed to the Ohio Division of Wildlife headquarters in Columbus. The calls were answered by a knowledgeable and skilled DOW employee. During the deer-gun seasons, volunteer operators assisted with the higher volume of calls. With the rise in manpower costs, in 2009 the DOW contracted All West Communications to handle Ohio’s TIP calls. All West Communications, based in Idaho and then Utah, were already handling TIP-like calls for a few other states. Although All West had a database of information and operators familiar with handling TIP calls, natural resource violations were not All West’s area of expertise.

The DOW monitored All West Communications performance and deemed it efficient, but believed improvements in handling TIP calls were possible. In July of last year, the DOW had the opportunity to have TIP calls directed to the ODNRCC. There, TIP calls are screened by fulltime operators trained for gathering information to be relayed to wildlife officers and other law enforcement. The ODNRCC, stationed inside the State Emergency Operations Center, Joint Dispatch Facility in Columbus, houses five call stations. Resource information is displayed on multiple monitors, and operators are in constant

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communication with officers in the field. The call stations are staffed around the clock. According to Erica Walsh, DNR telecommunications operations supervisor, wildlife officers are monitored and in contact with the operators 24/7. “Our officers have constant back up if needed and our operators here provide a steady stream of information when an officer needs it,” said Walsh. “TIP calls are received, callers interviewed thoroughly, and all information communicated immediately to the officer closest in proximity to the reported violation.” All TIP calls are monitored by ODNRCC operators from the time the call comes in until the officer makes contact with the caller in the field. “Each TIP caller’s identification is kept confidential throughout the process,” said Walsh. The TIP program is managed by a two-pronged system – the DOW and TIP Inc., a committee of concerned Ohio citizens. TIP Inc. is a private, 501(3)(c) organization managed by volunteers that review cases provided by DOW wildlife officers. Monetary reward amounts are decided by the TIP committee for each case separately, with reward amounts reflecting the severity of the case. The funds to pay rewards come from donations from conservation clubs, individual donations, court-appointed funds from wildlife violation cases, and fundraising efforts by TIP committee members. TIP committee members also assist the DOW in making the confidential cash or money order deliveries to TIP informants. The DOW answers all TIP calls, maintains the law enforcement database, and ensures each TIP call is thoroughly investigated. According to Ron Ollis, DOW special operations supervisor, the TIP program is a critical tool for Ohio’s wildlife law enforcement. “The public’s input through TIP has (been) and continues to be a huge asset for Ohio’s wildlife and hunting and fishing license holders,” said Ollis. “The individuals who step up to make the call to 1-800-POACHER after witnessing a violation either in the act or the results of are the difference between many wildlife offenders being punished or not.” Concerned citizens who have and continue to call the TIP hotline are why thousands of dollars are directed to state wildlife programs via fines, equipment confiscation, and restitution. According to the DOW, since TIP was created in 1982, 1,016 rewards have been paid to informants, with reward payments totaling approximately $145,000. Of the rewarded cases, 3,383 charges have been filed, with $1,106,573 fines paid to the state by offenders. “The funds gathered from cases initiated by TIP callers are not deposited into Ohio’s general fund, but instead go to support wildlife law enforcement, wildlife habitat projects, and other natural resource management needs,” said Ollis. The future of TIP is on the upswing with enthusiasm by all involved. Not all TIP calls result in poachers being apprehended in the act, as more times than not, TIP calls come in after the illegal act has occurred. But after a bit of investigation by law enforcement, the guilty party is revealed and to court they go.

March 11, 2016


Page 9

Erie-Ottawa-Sandusky PF chapter celebrates upland birds By John Hageman Contributing Writer Port Clinton, Ohio — On March 12, the Erie-OttawaSandusky Chapter of Pheasants Forever will hold its 25th annual banquet in the Camp Perry Military Reservation Conference Center in Port Clinton. As usual, the activities will include dinner, silent and live auctions, and raffles using local donations and sponsorships to raise funds to support its local conservation and educational efforts. The items available for auction will include wildlife prints, guns, local carvings, an official 2016 Super Bowl 50 football, gun safe, custom ice

shanty, trapping, hunting, and fishing packages, and a readyto-adopt hunting breed puppy. To commemorate the occasion of the 25th anniversary, Howard K. Vincent, the president and CEO of what is now Pheasants Forever/ Quail Forever, will be on hand to address and visit with the participants. Several years ago, after the unraveling of Quail Unlimited, Pheasants Forever accommodated quail enthusiasts by establishing Quail Forever as a “sister organization.” While the Pheasants Forever chapters predominate in the north, Quail Forever chapters are more common in the southern U.S.

Instructors from Pheasants Forever stand by with a dog while a young hunter gets ready to hunt during the Erie-OttawaSandusky counties annual youth hunt. Photo by John Hageman quail range. Nationally, Pheasants Forever/Quail Forever has 140,000 members in over 700 local chapters dedicated to the conservation of pheasants,

DNR ‘feathering’ way to more quail habitat DNR Report Fayetteville, Ohio — Indian Creek and East Fork wildlife areas are “edging” their way into managing habitat for bobwhite quail, according to the Ohio DNR. The habitat project will be a three-year effort to improve northern bobwhite quail habitat in southwest Ohio. Conservation partners Ohio State University, DNR Division of Wildlife, Pheasants/Quail Forever, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service spent both time and money in recent years to see what type of habitat quail prefer and then implement programs to literally put that habitat on the ground. OSU research students spent many hours in the field following radio-marked bobwhite quail across farms to identify exactly what type of habitat the birds call home. Based on these findings, the wildlife area staff is cutting and leaving trees along the woodland edges, in a process referred to as “edge feathering.” The feathering creates immediate brushy habitat by dropping tree tops to the ground. This practice also opens the tree canopy to allow more light to hit the ground, which stimulates brushy plant growth. Quail in the vicinity of these brushy areas will periodically utilize them for protection, especially during the winter months to escape harsh weather and predators. The feathering projects are being done in areas that already have grassland nesting habitat established. The grasslands will create a flowery grassy edge, providing the plant structure quail need for nest building and raising young.

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brush piles will blend into the surroundings.” Landowners wanting to improve their property for quail and other wildlife can get funding assistance from the Conservation Reserve Program and other conservation programs. For more information about quail in Ohio, visit

quail, and other wildlife through habitat improvement, public awareness, education, and land management policies and programs. Headquartered in St. Paul, Minnesota, “The Habitat Organization” uses a national business model that specifies that dollars raised locally are used to support local habitat. Their efficiency level has now reached 90.42 percent spending on program services, with only 7.2 percent used for fundraising activities and 2.38 percent on administrative expenses. Currently, the Erie-OttawaSandusky Chapter holds annual youth wildlife events including

its pheasant hunt at the W.R. Hunt Club in Clyde, the Area 1 Envirothon, and a “Day on the Wild Side” marsh tours. Other educational opportunities include Women in Conservation, Leopold Education Workshops, Ottawa County agricultural breakfasts, and the annual Soil and Water Conservation District banquet. The chapter assists landowners with habitat planning, planting, and management. Since its inception, the chapter has restored 14,074 total acres of habitat, by planting 6,224 acres of nesting cover, typically a mix of prairie grasses and flowering plants, constructed 13 wetlands covering 334 acres, 12,205 trees for windbreaks and shelterbelts, and 6,345 acres of food plots. The chapter was recognized a few years ago for reaching the milestone of $750,000 of spending toward these local habitat projects, which has now grown to $ 780,787. There are 30 Pheasants Forever or Quail Forever chapters with approximately 6,000 members in Ohio. To find the one closest to you, see

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March 11, 2016


100,000 trout to be released

DNR Report Columbus — Just more than 100,000 rainbow trout are expected to be released this spring in 64 Ohio public lakes and ponds, creating excellent fishing opportunities for anglers all across Ohio, according to the Ohio DNR. The first rainbow trout release is scheduled for Friday, March 11, at Adams Lake in Adams County. Rainbow trout releases will take place across Ohio from March 11 to May 7 as long as areas are ice-free and accessible to anglers. Information about the trout releases, including updates to the schedule due to weather and stocking locations, is available at or by calling (800) 9453543. Stocking these areas across the state is expected to create opportunities for anglers of all ages to get out and enjoy quality spring trout fishing. Many stocked locations will feature special angler events, including youth-only fishing on the day of the trout release. Rainbow trout are raised at state fish hatcheries and measure 10-13 inches before they are released by the DNR Division of Wildlife. The daily catch limit for inland lakes is five trout. Anglers age 16 and older must have an Ohio fishing license to fish in state public waters. The 2016-2017 fishing license is now available, and is valid through Feb. 28, 2017. An annual resident fishing license costs $19. A


Stock photo

one-day fishing license costs $11 for residents and nonresidents. The oneday license may be redeemed for credit toward the purchase of an annual fishing license. Licenses and permits can be purchased online at and at participating agents throughout the state. Sales of fishing licenses along with the Federal Sport Fish Restoration program continue to fund the operation of the DNR Division of Wildlife’s fish hatcheries. No state tax dollars are used for this activity. This is strictly a user-pay, user-benefit program. The SFR program is a partnership between federal and state government, industry, anglers, and boaters. When anglers purchase rods, reels, fishing tackle, fish finders, and motor boat fuel, they pay an excise tax. The federal government collects these taxes, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service administers and disburses these funds to state fish and wildlife agencies. These funds are used to acquire habitat, produce and stock fish, conduct research and surveys, provide aquatic education to youth, and secure and develop boat access.

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3/11/2016 3/17/2016 3/17/2016 3/17/2016 3/18/2016 3/18/2016 3/23/2016 3/24/2016 3/24/2016 3/24/2016 3/25/2016* 3/25/2016 3/25/2016 3/25/2016* 3/25/2016 3/30/2016 3/30/2016 3/30/2016 3/31/2016 3/31/2016 4/1/2016 4/1/2016 4/1/2016 4/1/2016 4/1/2016 4/1/2016 4/2/2016* 4/2/2016* 4/6/2016 4/6/2016 4/6/2016 4/6/2016 4/7/2016 4/7/2016 4/7/2016 4/7/2016 4/8/2016 4/9/2016* 4/9/2016* 4/9/2016* 4/9/2016* 4/13/2016 4/13/2016 4/14/2016 4/14/2016 4/14/2016 4/14/2016* 4/15/2016 4/15/2016 4/15/2016 4/16/2016* 4/21/2016 4/21/2016 4/21/2016 4/22/2016 4/23/2016* 4/23/2016* 4/23/2016* 4/30/2016* 4/30/2016* 4/30/2016* 4/30/2016* 5/6/2016 5/7/2016*

*Denotes an event will be taking place at that location. All stocking dates are tentative based on ice-free conditions.

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DNR will offer chances for trout fishing at Cold Creek

DNR Report Castalia, Ohio — Controlled trout-fishing opportunities on Cold Creek, one of Ohio’s unique streams, await fishing enthusiasts who enter a special lottery conducted by the Ohio DNR. A half-mile section of the creek, at the DNR Division of Wildlife’s Castalia State Fish Hatchery in Erie County, will be open to a limited number of anglers on selected dates from May 2-Nov. 30. Anglers interested in fishing the stream must submit an application form and a nonrefundable $3 application fee between March 1 and 31 for the random drawing. Applications may be completed online at or by calling 800-WILDLIFE to obtain an application form. Only one application is allowed per person. The adult fishing season will run May 2-Nov. 30, and a youth season will run June 13-Aug. 12. Applicants for` the youth lottery must be under the age of 16 when they apply. Approximately 90 adult and 90 youth permits will be issued. Each individual selected to participate will be allowed to bring two adults and three youths under the age of 16 (no more than six people total). Participation is determined by a computer-generated random drawing, which will be held in early April. The results of the adult drawing will be posted on the division’s website at Successful youth applicants will be notified by mail of their fishing dates. Applicants not chosen will not be notified. Special fishing rules will be in effect to ensure that a quality fishing experience is maintained throughout the season. One of these special rules prohibits catch-and-release fishing, with wildlife officials requiring that anglers keep all fish they catch. The daily bag limit will be five trout per angler. Anglers will be required to check in at the hatchery upon arrival and check out at the end of their session. Fishing sessions will be open from 7 a.m. to noon for adult events. For the youth events, there will be two sessions per day, 7 to 11 a.m. and 11:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. All anglers age 16 and older will need a valid 2016 Ohio fishing license. An Ohio resident annual fishing license costs $19; a oneday fishing license costs $11, which can be applied toward the cost of annual license.

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Some lucky anglers will have an opportunity to fish Cold Creek. Photo by Mike Mainhart

March 11, 2016


Page 11

Higher ethanol blends could lead to costly boat repairs By John Hageman Contributing Writer As outlined very well in Larry Moore’s editorial piece in the Feb. 26 issue of Ohio Outdoor News, the Renewable Fuel Standard forces a higher percentage of ethanol to be available at pumps nationwide – even though most cars and other vehicles cannot safely burn it. The Boat Owners Association of the United States warns that we could see shortages of ethanol-free fuels, known as E-0 or “boat gas” sold at many

Ohio marinas by this summer. This would be in response to refineries being forced to produce and distribute more E-15 blends, also known as E-85 gas, to meet the renewable fuel standard’s goals. Boat U.S. claims that the number of gallons available nationwide will shrink this summer to just 200 million gallons, down from a high of 8 billion gallons produced in 2014. Marinas provide this non-ethanol blend as a courtesy to their customers, trying to avoid marine

Use of mating pheromone approved in lamprey fight By Howard Meyerson Contributing Writer Grand Rapids, Mich. — A sea lamprey mating pheromone used experimentally to manipulate lamprey behavior got a green light last month from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. It can now be used as a widespread management tool in the Great Lakes and other waters. “Until now it has been experimental,” said Marc Gaden, spokesman for the Great Lakes Fishery Commission, which funded development of the male sex pheromone known as 3kPZS. “Its use has been in the lab or on a stretch of river like the Ocqueoc where there has been very limited use. We now have approval to use it on a management scale. This brings us one step closer to using it as a management technique.” The EPA approved registration of 3kPZS as a bio-pesticide in December 2015. Researchers note that it is the first-ever vertebrate pheromone bio-pesticide. It is not a compound that kills lamprey in the manner of TFM or Bayluscide, which are regularly used on Michigan waters. The pheromone has been tested as an attractant to draw sea lampreys into traps so they can be removed from river systems. Its use improved trapping efficiency by 53 percent, according to Dr. Weiming Li, the Michigan State University professor who discovered the pheromone. “I started to work on this in 1998,” said Li, the E.J. Fry chair of environmental physiology at the university. “Previous work (research) showed it’s often the male that gets to the spawning ground before the female. It was speculated that males were releasing pheromones (to attract the females). Many knew that males got to spawning grounds and started to build nests. The females joined them later. (Another researcher) showed on a small scale that females are attracted to males when they are sexually mature.” Li’s MSU laboratory isolated the pheromone and identified its molecular structure. Bridge Organics, a contract research and chemical manufacturing company in Vicksburg, then synthetically created 3kPZS for testing and approval. The company now will produce the pheromone for management use by federal agencies like the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, which handles sea lamprey control in Michigan. Great Lakes lamprey control efforts cost $20.5 million a year, according to Gaden. That’s the cost of research, conducting stream assessments, lamprey control, and maintaining lamprey control centers in Marquette, Sault Ste. Marie, and Ludington. Lamprey management

historically has been done using traps, barriers, and lampricides like TFM, which is applied to infested rivers to kill off lamprey larvae. The GLFC funded lamprey pheromone research – with additional support from the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative – with hope that it could provide another tool to use for managing lampreys. Different pheromones are used to achieve different goals.

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engine damage and breakdowns. Ethanol production goals and use mandates were not adjusted to accommodate the fewer gallons of gasoline to dilute them into, leading to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency giving the industry a green light to produce more of the damaging ratio (to most engines) of 15 percent ethanol to 85 percent gasoline. This also perpetuates the cultivation of more corn in places that would better be set aside for conservation uses. Conservation Reserve Program acreage that produced dramatic population increases of ducks, pheasants, deer, and other wildlife, native prairies, and wetlands have increasingly been placed into production as corn prices were boosted by ethanol-driven demand. Even if the law had the good intention of conserving oilbased fossil fuels and lowering oil imports by running vehicles on ethanol, too much corn production translates to less wildlife, lower species diversity, fewer pollinators, and lower water tables where irrigation is used, poorer water quality due to soil erosion, and more algae blooms from nutrient run-off.

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Boaters may see high repair bills if engines are forced to use Photo by John Hageman higher ethanol blends.  Ethanol in gasoline causes damage in small and older engines with hoses and gaskets not designed to resist the higher corrosive tendencies of alcohol after it separates from the rest of the fuel blend. Water absorption that occurs over time reduces fuel combustion and its efficiency and variable octane levels are created by stratification. In Boat U.S. surveys, one-half of respondents reported suspected engine damage linked to E-10 fuels, with average repair bills of $1,000. E-15 will cause the problem to rise considerably, industry experts say. Sportsmen and sportswomen

• Gates open at 10am! • Purchase tickets before March 31, 2016 and be eligible for 5-$500 drawings (Need not be present). If winner present, they can claim the Early Bird Drawing by 2:00PM for $1,000. • You can win more than once • Most prizes must be claimed at Field & Stream, 1000 Cranberry Square Drive Cranberry Township, PA 16066, 724-742-4425. Guns cannot be picked up at event. • Some prizes must be claimed at Georges’ Enterprises 724-573-9380.

lose on two fronts: habitat losses linked to overproduction of corn on lands better suited for wildlife habitat, and higher ownership of gas-powered devices and vehicles, including boats, ATVs, snowmobiles, and ice augers. Add those of us who use snow blowers, chainsaws, power leaf blowers, weed whackers, tillers, or log splitters and we have a lot of potential small engines to repair if subjected to inferior fuel. In the meantime, to find the locations that will continue to be able to secure E-0 (boat gas), check ahead from the list posted on the websites and

• Most prizes can be replaced with gift card. • All winners will be notified by phone or mail and the winning numbers posted on the website: • Additional Raffles and drawings will be available throughout the day of the event at an additional cost. • For $20.00, the Hookstown Volunteer Fire Department will be offering chances on 2 - Special Package Drawings containing 50 Sportsman Tickets each. You may purchase unlimited chances on these special package drawings. This will be a random drawing taking place the day of the event at 2:32pm.

Page 12


Beyond Ohio

North Dakota Spring Light Goose Hunting Season Gets Underway Bismarck, N.D. (AP) — North Dakota’s spring light goosehunting season is open and will run through May 15. It’s open for light geese – snows, blues, and Ross’s. There is no daily bag limit or possession limit. Availability of food and open water dictate when snow geese arrive in the state and how long they stay. Early migrants usually show up in the southeast part of the state in mid- to late March, but huntable numbers usually aren’t around until the end of March or early April, according to state wildlife personnel.

Nebraska DeSoto Refuge to Open for Archery Turkey Hunting Omaha, Neb. (AP) — The DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge will open to the public for archery turkey hunting later

Colorado Hunter Kills Potential Record Shiras Moose Jefferson Creek, Colo. — In the early afternoon of Oct. 8, 2015, Bobby Hebert, of Golden, Colorado, found himself nine yards away from an incredible Shiras bull moose. Mr. Hebert’s moose has an initial entry score that is 82⁄8 inches higher than the current Pope and Young Club world’s record. It is still subject to panel judging, which may change the final accepted score for a variety of reasons, including initial mismeasurement, unusual shrinkage, and other factors. The current world’s record Shiras moose Bobby Hebert with his record Shiras moose. is 185 6 ⁄ 8 inches taken in Sheridan County,  Photo courtesy of Pope and Young Club Wyoming, in 1987. this year. The refugee will allow turkey hunting April 18 through May 22. Free permits may be obtained at the DeSoto Visitor Center. They’ll also be available online as the season nears. Permits

will include a map showing the areas where archers may hunt. The refuge will host two youth shotgun turkey hunts April 9-10 and May 21-22. The refuge is north of Omaha on Hwy. 30 near Missouri Valley, Iowa.

South Dakota Committee Moves Bill to Allow Hunting with Handguns for Game Birds Pierre, S.D. (AP) — A bill that would allow adult hunters in

Kentucky announces new slot limit on walleyes Staff Report Frankfort, Ky. — It is no longer getting dark at dinner time. We are beginning to have days cresting the 50-degree mark. It is enough to make you want to go fishing. Before you cast a line, however, you need to know about the new fishing regulations that go into effect March 1 in Kentucky. The round goby is an aggressive, nonnative fish released accidentally into the St. Clair River from ballast water transfers among cargo ships in the early 1990s. Native to the Black Sea and Caspian Sea regions in Eurasia, the invasive baitfish is now found throughout the Great Lakes system and in the Illinois River. The round goby can negatively impact the reproduction of native fish such as the smallmouth bass. These fish may not be possessed or released in Kentucky. Kentucky is restoring the native, river-run walleye to its former range through stocking efforts. To protect these fish, an 18- to 26-inch protective slot limit and a two-fish daily creel limit will go into effect on several river systems throughout Kentucky. All walleyes caught from 18 to 26 inches in length from

these waters must be immediately released. “We are trying to give greater protection to the breeding-sized native walleye in the population,” said Dave Dreves, assistant director of fisheries for the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. “These walleyes are about 5 years old before they are sexually mature. We’ve found a 5-year-old walleye is a little over 20 inches long.” These walleyes previously fell under the statewide regulations of a six fish daily creel limit with a 15-inch minimum size limit. The following waters fall under this new walleye regulation: the upper Barren River and tributaries, the Barren River from Barren River Lake downstream to Lock and Dam 1 and tributaries, the upper Levisa Fork and tributaries, the Cumberland River upstream of Cumberland Falls and tributaries, and the Kentucky River upstream of Lock and Dam 14 including the Middle Fork, South Fork, and the North Fork from Carr Creek Lake downstream and all tributaries. The regulation on native walleyes also extends to Barren River, Fishtrap, Martins Fork, and Wood Creek lakes.

Dewey Lake, a 1,100-acre impoundment in Floyd County, began receiving stockings of muskellunge in 2014. To protect these stocked fish and create a trophy muskellunge fishery, there will be a 36-inch minimum keeper size on muskie in the lake. The flathead catfish harvest restrictions are now removed on 175-acre A.J. Jolly Lake in Campbell County. The prohibition on the possession of shad on 784-acre Cedar Creek Lake in Lincoln County is also removed starting March 1. The first day of March is not only the start date of these new fishing regulations; it is the beginning of the new license year. Anyone fishing in Kentucky after this date must have a new fishing license. “We receive no general fund tax dollars,” said Jeff Ross, assistant director of fisheries for Kentucky Fish and Wildlife. “Our funding relies on license sales and the federal matching monies. Kentucky anglers fund the fisheries division.” The $20 annual resident Kentucky fishing license pays for many benefits enjoyed by anglers, such as the more than 5.5 million fish stocked annually.


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South Dakota to use handguns to shoot game birds is headed to the House floor. Bill sponsor Rep. Dick Werner testified that the bill would allow sportsmen with shoulder injuries to continue hunting. Tony Leif, the Wildlife Division chief for Game, Fish and Parks, testified against the measure, saying handguns aren’t as safe as long guns for bird hunting. Werner said safety is up to the person carrying the gun. The committee approved an amendment to the bill that would allow only hunters over the age of 18 to hunt with handguns.

Michigan Charter Boat Operator Faces Waterfowl Charges Marquette, Mich. (AP) — A charter operator has been charged with hunting waterfowl from a moving, motor-powered boat on Lake Huron and exceeding the daily limit of six ducks. The Michigan DNR says that Terry Jay Wilson, 30, of Marquette, was arrested after a two-year undercover investigation. Wilson was arraigned Jan. 25. Pretrial conferences were set for February in Arenac and Mackinac counties. The charges also include operating an unlicensed and uninspected charter boat. Officers posed as customers on the boat. Wilson faces fines, a year in jail, loss of his boat, and revocation of his Michigan hunting license.

Michigan Man Falls While Hunting Coyotes, Dies from Gunshot Oregon Township, Mich. (AP) — A man who feared coyotes were threatening his chickens was fatally shot with his own gun after falling from a treestand. The Lapeer County Sheriff’s Office says the accident occurred Feb. 15 in Oregon Township. The victim was a 67-year-old man who fell from a ladder stand while carrying a loaded shotgun. The gun fired and struck him. The man was hunting coyotes after hearing them behind his home.



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March 11, 2016

Film Company Fined for Wilderness Violations

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Kalispell, Mont. (AP) — A Missoula-based film company has been cited for violating state fishing regulations and filming illegally in the Bob Marshall Wilderness. Montana Fish, Wildlife and Par ks says t he c om pany’s owners and an associate were fined about $6,000 as part of a plea agreement involving 38 state and 11 federal citations. Missoula Wild produced films that showed people illegally fishing for bull trout, a federally protected species, officials said. State citations were issued for fishing for bull trout in closed waters, failing to immediately release bull trout, and failing to report a bull trout on a “bull trout catch card.” The federal citations were for unlawful commercial filming on Forest Service lands without valid permits.

March 11, 2016


Page 13

Antiquities Act worth preserving in United States TRAILS END F or once in his lion acres have received presidential career national monument Barack Obama got status. it right. Not all are huge parWith less than one cels and not all are likely year left in his dismal to ignite an objection stint as our 44th presiof federal over-reach. dent, Obama used the Take the Charles Young 110-year-old Antiquities Buffalo Soldiers National Act on Feb. 17 to creMonument in our southate three new national west Ohio community of monuments, totaling 1.8 Wilberforce. BY J EF F R EY   F R I SC H KO R N million acres. Yeah, I’m Obama used the stunned, too. Antiquities Act in 2013 to Each of the three new national monudeclare Young’s house a component of ments’ acres – all are in California – are the National Park Service. Young was not exactly the sort of places where born into slavery, the third Africanhomes can be built, outlet malls appear, American to graduate from West Point, or ribbons of blacktop laid down. the first to be a National Park superintendent, and the Army’s highest rankThe first is the 1.6-million-acre ing black officer until his death in 1922. Mojave Trails National Monument, which a White House press release Let’s look back even before Obama at positively giggles in such breathless the Antiquities Act and its use by presilanguage as “… comprised of a stundents to help illustrate and understand ning mosaic of rugged mountain rangthe importance of this piece of legislaes, ancient lava flows, and spectacular tion. And just as consequential what it sand dunes.” has meant to the nation’s fish and wildlife, as well as her hunters, anglers, and This monument is joined with the outdoors enthusiasts. 154,000-acre Sand-to-Snow National Monument, which expanded on an Passed under the presidency of already congressionally designated Theodore Roosevelt, the Antiquities Act 100,000-acre Wilderness Area. This soon became Teddy’s Conservation Big property is home to some 240 bird speStick. He used it to form what would cies as well as 12 endangered or threatbecome the National Wildlife Refuge ened species. system with the first holding being the three-acre Pelican Island, a tiny spit of Rounding out the trio is the 20,920mangrove-encrusted land on the salty acre Castle Mountains National Indian River in Florida – a system that Monument, also within the stark today has grown to 150 million acres. Mojave Desert, which will protect a number of American Indian archaeoRoosevelt also thumped that Big logical sites. Stick to form 18 national monuments – maybe not the number that Obama has Maybe fueling the heartburn of seriordered, but a pretty big start in its own ous Obama detractors – and remember right. I too believe that his presidency has become a byword for incompetency So too did Obama’s predecessor – – is that in his tenure a total of 265 milGeorge W. Bush – use the Antiquities

Act. That was in 2009 when Bush created three National Monuments that total 200,000 square miles. That’s not a typo, either. Bush the Junior/Bush Lite, call him whatever you like, but he used the Antiquities Act to carve out that massive section of remote Pacific Ocean coral reefs, historic Wake Island, and similar fragile environments, and keep them free from any form of exploitation. Of course, there are concerns with the Antiquities Act, solicitudes that have existed ever since Teddy Roosevelt waved his presidential wand and went “poof” to jump start the nation’s wildlife refuge system. Among the justifiable anxieties include how the federal budget – being strung more taut than a First Violin’s Stradivarius – can afford managing even more property. Yet it is important to note that all of this acreage is federally owned now; no local or state land grab has occurred. Indeed, if anything, local and state governments and their federal supporters have always (and continue still) demanded that the federal government turn over the keys to these parcels – our parcels, please – for whatever money-making scheme they deem best. Yet the Antiquities Act has been rebuffed by specific and limiting Congressional legislation only twice – once under President Franklin Roosevelt and the other under President Jimmy Carter. Still, the nation’s hunters, anglers, and other outdoors enthusiasts have to remain on guard, even though those lands where their pursuits were permitted are allowed still. Which is why a consortium of 28 groups and businesses – among them being the Backcountry Hunters and Anglers, the Theodore Roosevelt

Conservation Partnership, and Trout Unlimited – are committed to working toward protecting the interests of the nation’s hunters, anglers, and other outdoors types when it comes to the Antiquities Act as the portal to creating national monuments. But jettisoning the concept, which has worked so well and has done so much for preserving open space and preserving outdoors opportunities, is not an option, no matter who is president at any particular moment in history.

Dwayne Hershberger shot this 9-point buck. The rack had an 18 1⁄4 inside spread.

Page 14


March 11, 2016

Poaching rears its ugly head again in Toledo


he official if preliminary 2015-16 Ohio hunting deer kill announced by the Ohio Division of Wildlife was 188,335, but the tally is short at least four big bucks. That is because a poacher or poachers killed four trophies in a little city park in south Toledo, probably in January, neatly beheading them and leaving behind the carcasses to rot. The acts set off an uproar of dismay and disgust in the public at large and among law-abiding hunters, in particular, in the community, where a cull of nearly 200 deer in area metroparks and a planned bowhunt/cull in the upscale suburb of Ottawa Hills had emotions already running high. What makes this episode of the nasty business of game thievery so especially galling is that it occurred in a little third-mile-long city park, Delaware Creek, which runs down to the Maumee River in the south end of Toledo. At least one of the carcasses was found by children, whose parents were left with having to explain the ugly realities of life among sick miscreant adults. Call them poachers in polite company, or anything you want in private, and don’t bother being nice. “I really hope someone comes forward and calls the poacher line,” said Allison Snyder, spokesman for the Beverly neighborhood Block Watch around the little park. She was referring to the Ohio Division of Wildlife’s anonymous 1-800-POACHER tip line. Snyder said that the last carcass, the one found by the neighborhood kids, was “pretty gruesome,” and the outfall was considerably upsetting to the affected families, who were involuntarily forced to deal with confused, needlessly frightened young-

This beheaded deer carcass was among four big bucks that were poached from a little city park in South Toledo.  Contributed photo sters. Not to mention the All four bucks were shot fact that public uproar in the with a crossbow, probably at social media does one fine night, their heads sawn off job of tarring all hunters as at the base of the neck. On knuckle-dragging monsters. just one carcass a backstrap had been neatly sliced out. The latter labeling and steSuch clean carcass handling reotyping certainly is undeis a solid sign that someone, served, for sure, among those or some ones, knew exactly of us on the ethical side of what they were doing. That the hunting equation. But it the poachers were experiis at least understandable in enced at killing deer also is terms of the heinousness and clear; a bow-shot deer does callousness of the act, which not drop in place, and the clearly triggered highly emoperpetrators obviously knew tional, half-cocked, knee-jerk how to track them, likely in reactions from folks who do the dark. That they were not not understand and who do seen or caught red-handed not deserve to have blood further raises the specter of smeared in their faces. experience in action. Snyder said it did not “It needs to be said that help matters that authorities this is not hunting — this is decided to “let nature take its definitely poaching,” Snyder course” with the carcass remtold The Blade newspaper. nants. Decomposing carcasses “This isn’t how hunting is left to rot, or be torn apart by done, and it’s worth mentionscavengers, in a vest-pocket ing that there are people in city park where kids play and this neighborhood who are neighbors like to walk is not hunters and they’ve been to exactly a genteel lesson. It is our meetings – they are very more like shoving the brutish side of nature down the public upset about this. This is not hunting and it gives everyone throat and telling the same public to man up, like it or not. that hunts a bad name.”

Paul Kurfis, law enforcement supervisor for the Ohio Division of Wildlife’s District 2 office in Findlay, agreed that it will take a tip, an informant, to finger the game criminals. But he said that if the crooks were after antlers, they are done until next fall at least, as bucks by now have dropped their 2015 racks. As of this writing, he said that wildlife officers had no suspects. But he said that more than one individual may be involved. Apparently no suspicious vehicles were reported in the neighborhood during the period, for example, leading to a theory that a poacher may have been dropped off and later picked up by an accomplice or two. Poaching, of course, is not going to go away no matter how many lawmen are afield and will prevail at some level for as long as bad people do bad things. But Kurfis said that ego and bravado can trip up a perpetrator who feels the need to brag about his dirty deed. Acquaintances with an ax to grind, ex-girlfriends, or ex-spouses with grudges all have turned in other poachers other times. “These are obviously not sportsmen,” Kurfis told The Blade. “A few years ago this is what we called ‘slob hunters.’ And they are absolutely illegal hunters. They are just shooting these deer for the antlers.” Legally taken bucks nowadays are registered with a killtag number assigned by the state; poached bucks have no such accounting. So that may make it harder for the poachers to market what amount to stolen racks. Big, record-class racks can be worth thousands of dollars on the antler market, but certification and tracking can be issues. Poaching of urban and


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suburban bucks is not uncommon, inasmuch as the animals mostly are unhunted and can grow to maturity with correspondingly big, heavy antlers that are so desired, sometimes obsessed over, by the hunting community. In 2000, a highly recognizable, well-photographed record-rack buck that came to be known as Side Cut Sam frequented Side Cut Metropark along the Maumee River in suburban Maumee, not far from the scene of the current Delaware Creek poaching incident in Toledo. Sam was readily identifiable because of two large drop tines. What was believed to be the buck’s carcass was not found, on what is known as Blue Grass Island at the metropark, until the spring after it was killed. But a man in possession of the highly identifiable antlers was arrested shortly afterward. Another huge buck, thought to be a descendant of Side Cut Sam and known as Big Boy was taken by poachers in 2008. It too had wide heavy antlers and drop tines, and was widely known and much photographed by Side Cut area walkers and visitors. Two college students were charged in the case and found guilty of a long list of violations, and ordered to pay $13,277.60 in restitution for the animal they poached. They dumbly gave themselves away by posting a photograph of the big buck online. In addition to actual poaching charges, which are third-degree misdemeanors, the perpetrators among other things would be liable under the state wildlife restitution law. The restitution value of a poached buck is calculated on antler size. A case in Huron County called for the convicted poacher to pay $28,000 in compensation. Four big bucks could bring substantial compensation penalties. Each poaching charge also carries a possible 60 days in jail, a $500 fine, the confiscation of the equipment used to commit the crimes, including potentially the confiscation of the vehicle used in the poaching. This magnitude of wildlife crime is despicable, especially in such a venue. It was not the result of someone’s inadvertent mistake, a failure to sign a hunting license, or some other minor infraction. It was a deliberate ugly act. It makes us all look bad, as usual. If the bad guy or guys get caught and convicted, I will be happy to publish their names and addresses, writ large, for all the world to see. No amount of rancor rained upon them thereafter would be too much.

March 11, 2016


Page 15

Page 16


March 11, 2016

By Joe Martino Contributing Writer


ten caught in a fence or ran nce the deer seasons are into some calamity about 75 over, I used to turn my yards behind my treestand attention to hunting because it began squealing rabbits and ice fishing. That like crazy. This went on for was until I tried hunting coy15 or 20 minutes as I began otes. thinking, “Wouldn’t that be My first coyote hunt was cool if it drew a coyote in?” with a group of local farmers A few minutes later I got my who preferred to hit the roads first smoke pole coyote as he at the break of dawn in their was making his way toward pickups to scour the fields for the unlucky rabbit. I get a coyotes or the roadsides for rush out of calling a coyote fresh tracks. They hunted only in; I guess it’s kind of like when there was at least a skiff turkey or elk hunting. There of snow on the ground, makis a special sense of accoming it possible to see tracks. plishment when doing so, but perhaps less than One of the hunters in the when turkey or elk hunting, party had a dog, and they Coyote decoys can work to bring though, because often times would sometimes put the dog these wily canines into gun range electronic calls are used on on any tracks they would find. Photo by Joe Martino for you. coyotes. But more often than not, they would spot a coyote out in the a miss on the dog! How did I When calling these crafty middle of a field and then the miss him with a shotgun loadpredators, the more areas you stage was set. ed with #4 buckshot? I don’t have to hunt, the better. This is know, but I sure enough did. because it is best to set up and On my inaugural hunt, the call in a spot for about 15 to 20 first coyote of the morning I enjoyed hunting coyotes minutes, then move to another was spotted in the middle of a in this manner with these old spot, and so on. If they are in large cut field at dawn. I was timers for a few years, and I the area and are hungry, they dropped off near a fencerow still do from time to time, but should show up by then. Rabbit and instructed to make my I have since found that calling in distress calls, fawn bleats, way east about halfway down them in is my favorite method. and coyote howls will all work. it and wait for the coyote to Although most farmers and Don’t get discouraged if none hopefully come down the landowners are more than come running in on every setfencerow as the other guys willing to allow coyote huntup. More often than not, they attempted to run him my ing, hunting them as I did on won’t. Remember, they are way. The coyote was across a my first hunts or with a dog cunning, but every so often you county road to the west of my requires access on literally will call some ‘yotes in. Be sure position. The five or six pickup tens of square miles of land. to be completely covered in trucks were strategically posiCoyotes can run for miles, and camouflage that matches your tioned on the roads surroundit’s not uncommon to stay on surroundings. Being still is also ing the field – all except for the the trail of one for that long. important. If they notice any road that led to my fencerow. The point is that to drive them movement or anything sticking Then a few guys began their or hunt them with hounds, out when they approach, the slow march from the west you’d better have permission deal is off. toward the coyote, attempting on lots of contiguous acres. to run it my way. There are several ways to My first experience calling hunt coyotes, such as the two A short while later I noticed coyotes actually came rather I have just mentioned, along the ‘yote trotting parallel to my unexpectedly. While in the with a couple of others that are position about 45 yards away. treestand hunting for deer popular as well. Using dogs The plan had worked flawless- during the late muzzleloader ly – except for my swing and season, a rabbit must have got- to hunt coyotes can be a very

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Coyotes will come to the call of a hunter, but it’s best to have a wide area to hunt when doing so, Martino writes. Set up and call in one area for 15 to 20 minutes before moving on. 

Photo by Don Dittberner

productive and enjoyable way to take these predators down. Pushing wood lots and ditches to awaiting hunters is another. Baiting is another method and is gaining in popularity, and like calling, is ideal for hunters going it solo. Baiting coyotes is legal in many states, but check your local regulations just to make sure. When baiting coyotes, almost anything will work. Keep in mind, though, that they will drag whatever you are using for bait off if they are able. There are things you can do to avoid this, however. If using an animal carcass, consider staking it down so the coyotes

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can’t drag it off (although they may still tear a chunk of it off and take off with it). Place table scraps, or even small handfuls of dog food if you don’t have many scraps, at your bait site. I call these confidence baits. Coyotes will quickly learn that spot often has morsels of food for them and will likely have them returning often. Last, consider making coyote-sicles. These are nothing more than large blocks of frozen bait sometimes mixed with water. A good method for making coyote-sicles is to begin placing any scraps you have into a five-gallon bucket. Once you have two or three inches of scraps in the bucket, add a few inches of water. Then add another layer of scraps, then another layer of water. Keep doing this until the bucket is full. When you are ready to place it in the field, simply pour enough warm water around the edges of the mixture to loosen it from the bucket. Then dump it out, place a stick in the bottom of the bucket, then sit the coyote-sicle back into the bucket. Five-gallon buckets are slightly tapered and placing the stick in the bottom of the bucket below your coyote-sicle will keep it from refreezing in the bucket while you transport it to your bait site. Once at the bait site, simply turn the bucket over and dump the coyote-sicle onto the ground. The coyotes won’t be able to drag it off and, as long as the temperatures are below freezing, it should last for a week or two. Another option that I have found to work well is a synthetic gut pile in a bag. I have used it and it does work. As with the coyote-sicles, they won’t drag this away with them because the mixtures is made up of many small chunks, so they will have to come to the bait site to eat it, and the smell remains even after the bait is gone, still drawing in ‘yotes to the site.

March 11, 2016


Page 17


By Tom Cross Contributing Writer

1966, the Portsmouth Area Chamber of Commerce was in the final stages of planning for Ohio’s first trout derby to be held May 7-8 at Turkey Creek, below Roosevelt Lake in Shawnee State Forest. In those days the state forest was known as the Roosevelt Game Preserve and the city of Portsmouth was a bustling, industrial manufacturing town with a powerhouse newspaper in The Portsmouth Times. Things have changed in the Portsmouth area since then, but one constant has remained: the Shawnee Trout Derby still continues and turns 50 years old this spring. It remains Ohio’s first and oldest trout derby, still drawing the crowds and filling up the campgrounds. But those old glory days were great days for the trout derby and Portsmouth in general. Plans were in the air about a new lake at Shawnee to be called Turkey Creek Lake and the idea of a grand lodge to be built on the hill overlooking that new lake was in the works. Gov. James A. Rhodes and Congressmen William H. Harsha, of Portsmouth, both attended the derby and were the political power needed to make things happen. Today, a beautiful lodge and state park await visitors, perhaps sparked from ideas discussed while fishing together at that first trout derby in 1966. Turkey Creek was a wonderful little stream then, born in the hills of Shawnee State Forest, stopped only briefly by the 28-acre Roosevelt Lake, which was completed in September 1935. Below the small dam at Roosevelt Lake, the stream regathers its vigor and continues another eight miles to the Ohio River, closely following State Route 125. From the dam to the twoplus miles to Camp Oyo Boy Scout Camp, Turkey Creek resembles a natural trout stream if there ever was one in Ohio. Riffles and deep clear pockets made the selection for Ohio’s first trout derby a cinch. The trout, some 3,000, were stocked from Roosevelt Dam through the two miles to the bridge on Forest Road 1 at Camp Oyo. At that time Camp Oyo had a small pond impounded on Turkey Creek, and the trout could go no farther. According to the late George Billy, fish management supervisor for Division of Wildlife District 4 during that time, the trout were purchased by the Portsmouth Chamber of Commerce from the then privately owned Castalia Trout Hatchery. “Some trout weighing as much as five pounds,” Billy said, “but most were in the 12to 15-inch range.” He also said the Division of Wildlife transported the trout from Castalia to Turkey Creek, but first made an unannounced stop at Kincaid Fish Hatchery in Pike County to

off-load the trout and to “exercise” them before reloading them and releasing them into Turkey Creek. The 1966 Portsmouth Times was filled with reports about the remarkable success of the trout derby. That first trout derby drew literally thousands of people to Shawnee.

In an April 27, 1966 issue of the Times, headlines read, “Sportsmen From All Over Ohio Expected To Attend Trout Derby.” A later headline read “Trout Derby Scores Hit; 10,000 to 12,000 Visit Area.” Rhodes and his staff camped at Roosevelt Lake the night before the derby with the

Times reporting 25 camping trailers just to house the governor’s party and newsmen. The Division of Wildlife had assembled 20 wildlife officers, plus an additional 50 state highway patrolmen, deputy sheriffs, and special deputies to be on duty to direct traffic. (See Trout Derby Page 20)

The annual trout derby is a great event for kids. Photos by Tom Cross

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March 11, 2016

main fishing resources concurrently available: the Maumee River, the Sandusky River, and Lake Erie. Fishing is outstanding in all areas, making each location a tourist destination. Law enforcement helps ensure we have these resources forever. Abusing the walleye run can have a negative effect on future fishing. Kurfis views it as stealing from everyone who wants to enjoy fishing for years to come. Every year, Kurfis creates working group for each unit with two to six assigned officers who work the area. With an event this large, the By Brian Miller Outside of those officers workContributing Writer Ohio DNR is onsite to protect ing the assignments, there Maumee, Ohio — There is the resource and ensure it will are many additional officers no question that while fishing last far into the future. who will come to help with the spring walleye run that Paul Kurfis, law enforcement the walleye run. Officers have you’re being watched. supervisor in northwest Ohio many specific county duties. Right after the ice is out, for the Division of Wildlife, However, DNR officers make walleyes start stacking in the helps us understand how it a priority to come help bay and soon head upstream the DNR manages the law during the Maumee River for the annual walleye run. enforcement of the walleye walleye run. On any specific This causes thousands of fishrun. It is not uncommon to see DNR Division of Wildlife trucks day there could be another ermen to travel to experience When you look at the spring parked alongside the road next to the Maumee River walleye dozen officers helping work this amazing fishing resource. fishing season, there are three the river. Even when the fishPhotos courtesy of Brian Miller run. ing is slow, officers continue to oversee the fishing resource. Each year officers make anywhere from 1,000-2,400 contacts with fishermen. Specifically in 2015, Kurfis Kubota equipment has the power, dependability and indicated there were 88 arrests practical features you need to get to work. during the spring run. In 2015, citations were down from many prior years. Those arrests in 2015 included 35 over limit, 28 possessed a snagged walleye, 12 fishing without a license, five for littering, and eight other miscellaneous citations. It’s exciting to see that citations have drastically declined over the years. The Maumee River walleye run alone brings up to 6,000 fishermen from more than 25 states. That means that 98 percent of the fishermen are law-abiding citizens. Every year while fishing along the banks, I meet hundreds of fantastic individuals, many from others states, all experiencing the wonderful resource that we gratefully have locally. However, with any tourist attraction there is a RTV-X900 Standard L Series need to manage the affair. • Kubota Diesel Engine: 21.6* HP • Kubota Diesel Engines: 24.8 – 47.3* HP Furthermore, with so many • Standard 4WD and Hydrostatic Power Steering • Rugged, Smooth-Shifting Transmission Options walleyes concentrated in one • Front and Extra Duty Independent Rear • Ergonomically Designed for Optimal Comfort and Drivability small location, it is tempting Suspension (IRS) for fishermen to become over• Huge Versatility with Available Performance-Matched zealous and violate the rules. • Available in General Purpose or Worksite Models Implements: Front Loader, Backhoe, Snow Blower and More So how do those onsite officers enforce the walleye run? See one of these authorized Kubota dealers near you! Kurfis indicated there is a lot AKRON BRUNSWICK FREMONT LUCASVILLE TOLEDO of surveillance done along Akron Tractor & Equipment, Inc. 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This spring Ohio turkey fell for a bowhunter a few years ago. There are several things to consider when bowhunting turkeys. Photo by Joe Martino By Joe Martino Contributing Writer


et’s face it, bowhunting turkeys is tough – incredibly tough as a matter of fact, but that doesn’t mean that it can’t be done. Taking a wild turkey with stick and string is one of the greatest accomplishments any bowhunter can achieve, and you can do it with a little preparation and by knowing how to best put the odds in your favor. With turkey season fast approaching, if tagging a gobbler with archery equipment is on your bucket list, then try some of these tips to hopefully help make it happen.

Blinds Try bowhunting turkeys without a blind and you will quickly realize just what a challenge you are in for. Getting your bow drawn on a wary gobbler is a feat indeed, but it can be done. If you are hunting without the concealment of a blind, the best time to draw your bow is when the bird is in full strut while facing directly away from you. This is about the only way to avoid being spotted. You might be able to get drawn while the gobbler steps behind a tree, but do so quickly before he steps back into the open. Once drawn, you can execute a killing shot by either shooting the bird directly in the rectum or by waiting until he turns

broadside and offers you a shot. While the former mentioned backside shot is not recommended on most game, it is lethal on turkeys. Should you choose to hunt from a blind, getting drawn on turkeys is much easier. Not all blinds are created equal, however. Get a blind that is set up easily, and is made of a tougher, heavier material that doesn’t flap in the wind, and shooting from them is second to none due to the shooting ports and how they open without zippers. When hunting from a blind, remember to sit back in the blind, not right in front of the window. This will help to conceal you better. I have actually successfully hunted turkeys in a blind without wearing a face mask. Also, don’t feel the need to brush your blind in. If you can, great, but I have been on numerous successful turkey hunts where we simply popped the blind up in a wide open spot and had birds walk right up to it, and actually brush up against it.


There used to be two main types of broadheads used in turkey hunting, the expandable and those made for head shots such as the Gobbler Guillotine. With expandables, you have a little more range in case you need it, and with them you need to place you shot just behind the wing butt (where the wing attaches to the body). Broadheads like the Guillotine are made for shooting right at the turkey’s head and neck

Page 19

and, quite honestly, limit your opportunity at taking a bird, which is why expandable broadheads have been the favorite for most bowhunters. Last year, however, Dead Ringer launched a new broadhead called the Kill Switch. The Kill Switch coughs up an astonishing five inches of cutting diameter – more than any other expandable out there. Plus, it offers the convenience of choosing whether to body or head shoot a gobbler.

Let it down

Consider cranking the poundage of your bow down slightly. You never know how long you will have to remain at full draw on a bird waiting for the shot, and besides, in the case of expandable broadheads, a pass-through shot is not ideal on a turkey. It is better to have the arrow through the protruding bird’s wings, making it more difficult for him to fly off.

Keep ‘em close

If bowhunting from a blind, set your decoys only about five to 10 yards out from the blind. As earlier mentioned, turkeys will walk right up to a blind, and setting your decoys not only offers you close shots, but may also bring birds into range that may hang up away from the decoys.

Practice close shots

Besides shooting at 10 yards and out, it’s also important to practice shooting your bow at short distances, of say, four or five yards. You will be surprised to find out that your arrows will most likely hit three to five inches high at such short ranges.

Just do it

The bottom line is, you won’t bowkill a turkey if you don’t try. So, if bowhunting wild turkeys is something you have always wanted to do, but didn’t have the confidence, put these tips to use and give it a go this spring.

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March 11, 2016

Trout Derby (From Page 17)

The Friday evening before the opening of the derby, Rhodes would lead a “Sing along with Jim” around a “massive bonfire,” but not before the governor assisted in placing trout in Turkey Creek at 5 p.m. The Times goes on to report a songfest that featured several barbershop quartets; afterward a tall story session was to be held as “outdoorsmen sit around the fire and shoot the breeze.” Harsha arrived Friday and joined the governor in fishing Saturday. At 6 a.m. Saturday, the Boy Scouts blew reveille and breakfast was served at Camp Oyo by the Kiwanis Club. At 7 a.m. Saturday, the governor threw out the first cast and Ohio’s first trout derby began. One can only gather the enormity of the event by reading the reports filed. The Ohio Power Co. had crews working Thursday and Friday extending additional power lines throughout the park to accommodate the trailers. Crews were also installing additional lines at Camp Oyo. Local trailer dealers supplied approximately 40 trailers for official visitors and press corps. General Telephone was busy setting up communication lines and information booths equipped with phones. Parking at Roosevelt Lake was limited to official cars only. A shuttle bus service was operating along State Route 125 between

the state park and Camp Oyo. The Izaak Walton League and Kiwanis Club prepared food to feed the thousands of anglers and sportsmen. Soft drink companies set up stands along the route and several lunch stands were also open to feed the hungry fishermen. The Boy Scouts staged American Indian dances at Camp Oyo at 10 a.m. for both days. The Daniel Boone Muzzle Loading Association held a demonstration on Sunday and the Portsmouth Archery Club preformed shoots both Saturday and Sunday. Norville Hall, chief naturalist of the DNR, conducted a hike Saturday afternoon. The Ohio Highway Patrol conducted a scuba diving demonstration Saturday afternoon at Roosevelt Lake. The Junior Deputy Sheriffs played for a teen jamboree at Camp Oyo. Scenic bus tours were available Sunday starting at 8 a.m. and outdoor church services were held at Camp Oyo Sunday morning. Thousands of trout were caught during the derby by anglers using small spinners, corn, Velveeta cheese, and nightcrawlers. The Times reports that Leonard Meadows caught a 21-inch trout, but it was only good enough for second place in the men’s division. Anglers were lined up elbow to elbow in some pools, but

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WHEN – Saturday, April 23, 2016 TIME – 6 a.m. to 2 p.m. Awards at 3 p.m. WHERE– Turkey Creek Lake/ Shawnee State Park INFO – Shawnee State Park office (740) 858-6652 TROUT– Approximately 2,500 rainbows stocked for event. Limit – 5 trout per day. Tagged trout for prizes. Special kids fishing area. BAIT – Corn, Power Bait, worms, rooster tails, and cheese.

Shawnee’s first trout derby was held in 1966. This photo was taken just downstream of the State Route Photos courtesy of Shawnee State Park 125 bridge where it crosses Turkey Creek. at other places anglers could find a spot all to themselves. The trout could easily be seen in the clear water and in some deep pools 40 to 50 trout could be counted. If you were early enough, you staked out a place and stayed there. Other anglers just wandered from spot to spot, fishing wherever they could get a cast in. The trout were everywhere along that two-mile stretch of “trout” stream. The Division of Wildlife stocked trout at several different locations in the creek, including a kiddies section at Roosevelt Lake. According to the Times, Harry Kuhner, president of the Portsmouth Area Chamber of Commerce, estimated only 60 percent of the trout were caught during the derby and fishing in Turkey Creek continued for weeks after the derby ended. It was also Ohio’s first turkey season that week in May, 1966, and the Times wrote that game protectors reported a large

flock of “about 24 wild turkeys in the forest at the Copperhead Fire Tower.” The Times reported 2,000 people camped out in Shawnee Forest Friday night, and more then 250 camping trailers were parked at the lake and along parking areas on State Route 125, with more coming. Several thousand attended the campfire songfest. The Times also reported that “Gov. Rhodes appeared to be having the time of his life, as he led the singing.” It was during that opening morning in a speech that Rhodes rechristened Shawnee Forest as “Portsmouth State Park,” a name that stood for many years. Rhodes went on to speak, and in many ways what he said then in 1966 is as relevant today. The Times quotes Rhodes as saying, “Fishing and outdoor recreation is the greatest deterrent to broken homes. There will never be any difficulty with the children attending

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Some of the participants of the first Shawnee Trout Derby in 1966 are shown in this historical photo.

this derby because they have parents who care. Fishing is the one sport in which all members of the family can participate.” The late George Billy, who served 37 years with the Division of Wildlife, said he believed the trout derby was held three years in the stream before being moved to the new Turkey Creek Lake in 1969. Billy said the Shawnee Trout Derby was very successful by any standard. He went on to say there is a special place just upstream from Camp Oyo they called the “Governor’s Hole,” where Rhodes liked to fish and once hooked another fisherman’s hat on an errant cast. Rhodes became a regular at the Shawnee Trout Derby during its earliest days. The 1966 Shawnee Trout Derby was a watershed event unlike any other held in the state. It remains today perhaps the single biggest fishing event ever to grace Ohio in both its scope and legacy. Never before have literally thousands of fishermen and families gathered together in a single place to eagerly participate in a one-weekend event. The May 10, 1966, the Portsmouth Times editorial page wrote, “The just-concluded trout derby, sponsored by the Portsmouth Area Chamber of Commerce, was a success far beyond the most optimistic expectations. Untold benefits are bound to accrue to the community from the trout derby and other kindred projects which it is hoped will follow in the derby’s wake.” The Shawnee Trout Derby continues and will be held on April 23, 2016, when approximately 2,500 rainbow trout from the Kincaid Fish Hatchery are released into Turkey Creek Lake. Shawnee State Park naturalist Jenny Richards said of the trout derby, “It’s a fun family event, a great place for a beginning fisherman (or fisherwoman) to start fishing and to initiate your family into fishing and camping.” If you’re at the Shawnee Trout Derby, take a minute and drive east past Roosevelt Lake and across the State Route 125 bridge at Turkey Creek, past the Governor’s Hole, and on to Camp Oyo, which is still there, and imagine a day when hundreds of fishermen lined the banks on a warm spring day in 1966 awaiting the governor’s call to begin fishing. The Shawnee Trout Derby and the Hocking Hills Winter Hike are Ohio’s oldest state park events.

March 11, 2016


Page 21

By Glen Schmitt Staff Writer


ith the advent of the underwater camera in the early 1990s, anglers were given the first real-time picture of what was going on beneath them. Not a blip on a screen or mark on a flasher, but an actual moving picture relayed back to their eyeballs of what the fish were doing in their environment. While the initial underwater cameras provided a new scouting tool and the ability to understand fish better, technology at the time was obviously nowhere as good as it is now. In short, they provided a picture, but nothing like the modern versions of the underwater viewing systems we have today. Now it’s all about high-definition color and pocket-sized screens, video images delivered to your smartphone or tablet via Wi-Fi technology, and downloadable apps that allow you to sit over one hole and watch what’s going on below another or the ability to network more than one camera to a single, hand-held device. But no matter how the underwater viewing pictures have improved or the type of system you have at your disposal, a common factor throughout the years is that underwater cameras are a valuable asset to catching more fish, especially during the ice-fishing season. You can have the best maps, locators, and GPS – and all three do offer valuable insight when looking for fish or areas that hold them – but the best scouting tool you’ll take on the ice is an underwater viewing system. Even if you know where you plan to fish and you know there are probably going to be pods of fish on the spot, there’s usually something a bit different on a piece of structure that’s going to hold more fish. We’ve all sat next to the guy who seemed to have that magic hole and nobody could figure out why he was putting fish on the ice while you’re just a few feet away.

By using an underwater viewing system, you’ll likely find that he’s over greener weeds, a pocket within them, or some type of rock-to-mud or mud-to-sand transition. It could be a brush pile or nothing more than a tree branch, but you’ll be able to physically see what’s holding the fish. As a scouting tool, you can then take your underwater camera and look for places similar to it within the same area. During the process, you’ll eliminate a lot of the guesswork, figure out what depth these fish are at, and why they seem to be holding there. Everyone has heard the phrase, “Let the fish dictate what they want and how they want it.” Well, there’s no quicker way to figure this out than with a camera. Nothing provides a more detailed picture of how fish react to your presentation or jigging motion and the level of interest and feeding activity than an underwater camera. By viewing a pod of fish on your screen, you gain instant knowledge

of their behavior and what’s going to trip their trigger. We’ve all had days when we’ve missed more fish than we caught. Those light biters often eat and spit a bait before you know what happened or even know they were there. With the ability to watch them on a camera, you’ll be amazed how many more fish you’ll catch. You’ll also be amazed at how many you never knew bit since you couldn’t feel them. There’s also a fun factor to fishing through the ice with a camera. Again, the picture they provide is as clear as watching it on television (which also can be done with cameras now), and the knowledge you’ll learn in the process will take you to new heights as a fisherman.

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By John Tertuliani Contributing Writer



pinning reels are a wonderful way to go fishing, a definite advantage to use with light to medium tackle. Casting long distances with accuracy takes a bit of practice. The desired results are not difficult if you follow the basics. If the reel has been cleaned and lubricated or is new, then the line is in order and you’re ready to go. The proper weight and amount of line is necessary to get maximum performance. The line weight and amount recommended on the reel is often printed on the spool. If not printed on the spool, look in the owner’s manual, or sometimes the information is on the box. Anglers like to put on the heaviest line possible, going above the recommended line

weight the reel is designed to use. Putting a line heavier than the recommended limit is a mistake. First, the line will not cast well, reducing the distance you can cast. Second, the drag will be overworked, insufficient for the heavier line. Spinning reels get criticized for the wrong reasons, using line heavier than recommended being one. Line twist is an undeniable issue with spinning reels. The very nature of a spinning reel, a fixed spool with a rotor that wraps the line during a retrieve, makes line twist inevitable. Reducing line twist starts with making sure the reel is correctly spooled. If you spool incorrectly, you are starting out with twisted line, another reason spinning reels cause

March 11, 2016

frustration. To start putting new line on a reel, open the bail, otherwise you will have to remove the spool or cut and retie the line to the reel spool once the bail is open. Attach the line to the reel with an arbor knot. An arbor knot is simple to tie – nothing more than making a slip knot over the main line running around the arbor of the reel and then an overhand knot over the tag end of the slip knot to keep the tag end from slipping back through the knot. Threading the line through

Spinning reels today are state-of-the-art, but to get the most from one you still have to follow the basics.  Contributed photo the guides or at least the guide closest to the reel makes the job easier, as you need to add

tension to the line as you reel in the new line. You can use the thumb and index finger of your rod-holding hand to apply tension. You may want to apply a silicone-based lubricant on your thumb and finger or use a soft cloth to put tension on the line if you do not want silicone on your fingers. A spool with the label side up is the popular way to put line on a reel, and it is often the correct side. Line manufacturing practices vary from company to company, which can mean label side up is not always the correct side to lay a filler spool. Another problem that can arise is the spool coming up from the table. As you reel faster, the spool bounces around and lands label side down as you slow down. The tendency is to keep reeling with the filler spool now label side down.

Reeling new line in at a moderate pace will keep the filler from coming up and bouncing on the table. Check your progress by stopping to look at the line between the guide and the filler spool.... Reeling new line in at a moderate pace will keep the filler from coming up and bouncing on the table. Check your progress by stopping to look at the line between the guide and the filler spool, watching as you move the rod down toward the spool – you will see the line twist if you have the spool lying on the wrong side. Remember to keep tension on the line to the reel with your thumb and index finger until finished spooling new line on the reel. Fill the spool to within 1⁄8 of an inch of the edge of the spool rim, though some say 1⁄16 of an inch. Too much line is worse than not enough. When you have too much line it falls off, if not it jumps off, the reel. A tangled mess soon follows – you may end up cutting off a bunch of line to clear the tan(See Spinning Reel Page 41)

March 11, 2016

By Bob “Greenie” Grewell Contributing Writer


ave you ever experienced how “goofy” gobblers can be during their spring mating activities? We know they can be wary and habitat-astute. But, they can also become very unpredictable when mating overrides their normal survival instincts. Therefore, dealing with individual gobbler responses is challenging. Such as: What if a jake approaches first, or a tom rushes in, then backs off and there’s an hour standoff? This is why turkey hunting is so exciting. Predictability is not the norm. There’s no doubt spring gobblers don’t play fair. They can take more turns than a merry-go-round. Their actions often cause hunters to ask themselves, “If only I could do it again, I wouldn’t make the same mistakes.” But, if hunting spring gobblers were easy, hunters could slay a bird every time. Certainly, hunting wild toms can be frustrating. But, that’s what makes hunting gobblers so addictive. If we shot every gobbler we hunted, turkey hunting might lose its zest. I’m reminded of a time when I was hiding along a hardwoods hillside hoping for a gobbler to approach my calling. Although a gobbler didn’t appear until late morning, after he did, he cruised across the top of an open ridge, gobbling like a fool. He was “hot”! I was certain I could coax him in for a clean shot. But, this gobbler proved my confidence was premature. Confidence told me I had him because I was tucked into a weathered downfall of a massive oak tree. I was positive resident turkeys were familiar with its appearance. When a strutting, gobbling, pacing tom finally seemed interested, I turned my back to him because I was sure he would approach, walking downhill. He was working a ridge top 80 yards above me. After his last gobbles, he yelped several times on my left side. As he was descending the leafy hillside, he yelped with arrogance, working his way down the hill on my left. I just knew I had him because I expected the tom to step into view at 15 yards. My shotgun was on my knee. I was wrong! This tom insulted me. He left me in the woods by myself. I noticed a familiar shape after three subtle clucks – the gobbler was standing on my right side. I couldn’t move because he was looking directly at me. He had me! I watched him walk over the hillside, “putting” as he glanced back toward me. This rogue gobbler beat me. But, I didn’t feel like a failure. I had to let him go because my shot might have wounded him. It was a lesson I’ll always remember. Never underestimate a gobbler’s approach. Turkeys don’t always win, however.


If a gobbler has no breeding intentions, he might become a ghost. But, when mating hens are in the mood, just about any audible can ring their bell. If ever I’ve faced an uncooperative gobbler, this was one. The wind was gusting and I didn’t hear a gobble. But you can’t tag a bird unless you’re in their habitat. I walked, stopped, and listened for almost 10 minutes before I heard a faint gobble. I guessed his direction from where I thought I heard gobbles. Suddenly he appeared to be in a deep hollow, but didn’t gobble with intensity. I moved to the top of a partially wooded ridgeline and sat down. I waited for several minutes before he gobbled with certainty. I hen yelped between wind gusts and he answered back. Within seconds, the tom was closer. Then, nothing. I ceased calling after I heard

Page 23

him walking in the leaves behind me, spitting and drumming. He circled my backside. I didn’t move or call because I was facing an open pasture and couldn’t turn for a shot without him seeing my movement. The gobbler passed to my right, gobbling one more time. Then, silence. It became a game of patience. I was certain he was going to circle and come out in front of me. Then I saw him, visible at the edge of a greenbrier tangle. He studied the open field for several minutes. The show began. He strutted back and forth along the edge of the open field. His gobbling picked up frequency as he tried to get me to make a move. I cutt and yelped. The gobbler responded with “come-to-me” gobbles. I stopped calling. When his patience wore thin, he strutted toward me. After he committed, he strutted within 15 yards. I putted. When he stood up like an ostrich, I shot this goofy gobbler. Fortunately, he was by himself. If he had been with another tom, it’s not always that easy. (See Goofy Gobblers Page 36)

­­­­­­Page 24


March 11, 2016

JIG FISHING: A jig is the most versatile lure you can use in a lake or river. 

By John Tertuliani Contributing Writer


forced to use only one lure, make it a jig – you won’t be disappointed. A jig is the most versatile lure you can use in a lake or river. My first experience with jigs came during the spring walleye runs. The word going around was Doll flies were the lures to use. Being a kid, I couldn’t afford any, but my older brother bought a mold for $10 and we started pouring jig heads and dressing them as fast as we could. Walking along a river bank we could sell all we could tie at $4 a dozen, good money in those days. As I learned the effectiveness of

Photo by Don Dittberner

a jig, I experimented with dressing and settled on polar bear hair for personal jigs, which you could buy from the Herter’s catalog. The hair was white and strong, with a breathing action that seemed irresistible to so many species of fish. Elmer “Doll” Thompson used polar bear hair on his jigs. In 1972, the Mister Twister Curly Tail grub was invented in Louisiana and it was love at first sight. Polar bear hair was no longer readily available and Twister tails were as cheap as they were effective. The soft plastic tails worked better than I ever imagined. Soft plastics have become an entire industry. Sheldons’ Inc. of Wisconsin, maker of the Mepps

Spinner, bought Mister Twister in 1982. Shortly after that the Sassy Shad was born. The Sassy Shad is not exactly the first swim bait, but it started a concept that continues – a more realistic molding of soft plastic that imitates specific prey. The choices in swim baits are now endless, any size, shape, and color imaginable. Jig heads have gone the same route with specific designs for just about any presentation. Swim jig presentations are credited to Tom Monsoor, a Wisconsin native who grew up fishing the Mississippi near La Crosse. Most anglers who use jigs naturally reel them in, swimming, so to speak, as opposed to slowly dragging them across the bottom or vertically twitching them from a boat. Monsoor is definitely a pioneer with swimming jigs tipped with soft plastic; however, swim jigs were also being used by Chuck Woods of Kansas and Virgil and Bill Ward of Missouri in the 50s. Bill Ward in 1957, at the request of his father Virgil, dressed jigs with marabou instead of saddle hackle. Chuck Woods was dressing jigs with marabou, as well. Ned Kehde of Kansas describes Woods as the father of finesse fishing, the inventor of the Beetle Spin, later produced by and credited to Virgil Ward. Woods not only dressed jigs with marabou, he

added leather strips as trailers to imitate leeches. He used a homemade spinning rod and a Shakespeare spinning reel to fish outside the box; he invented several finesse lures and tactics and never received any credit. Bert Hall created the Road Runner jig to fish near his home in Missouri. The Road Runner is designed as a swim jig, but often used for vertical jigging on a tight line and under a float. Hanging a jig under a float creates a whole new presentation for areas not easily fished with a tight line. Bert was known to say, “You can’t fish a Road Runner wrong, as long as you fish it slow.” Jigs work wonders but not miracles – you have to know where the fish are in any season. The speed and depth are important when working a jig. Most species of freshwater fish (See Jig Fishing Page 37)

In 1959 the Blakemore Road Runner was only dressed with maribou, today you can dress it any way you like.

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March 11, 2016

The map shows animals sampled (dark dots) and those infected (light dots) with a recently identified malarial parasite. The two mosquito images show where DNA work took place. The star in Texas shows the site of a deer found to be infected in 1967. Graph reproduced from work by Ellen Martinsen and colleagues and photo courtesy of John D. LaMere By Bob Zink Contributing Writer


cience has at least two functions: make new discoveries and refine and improve upon previously obtained knowledge. The second is very important. A scientist will say, “This is what I think is most consistent with the evidence at hand, but show me new, more compelling evidence and I’ll change my mind.” That is why science is not a belief system, but rather a discovery and refinement system. Before we get into the newest scientific finding concerning deer and insects, let’s first look at an example: dreaded malaria. It is caused by a single-celled protozoan parasite called Plasmodium. According

to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2013 an estimated 198 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide and 500,000 people died, mostly children in the African region. About 1,500 cases of malaria are diagnosed in the United States each year, but mostly in people who have been traveling within malaria-infected areas. Science has produced a variety of drugs that will prevent you from getting malaria. The Plasmodium parasite has two hosts in its life cycle: an insect host and a vertebrate host. It is known to infect several vertebrates, such as birds and lizards, but only five different mammal groups – primates (including humans), rodents, bats, colugos (a glid-

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ing mammal from southeast Asia), and some artiodactyls, such as mouse deer, antelope, and Asian water buffalo. Plasmodium has a series of different life stages in both the insect and vertebrate host, and it might remain “hidden” in the liver of a host for 30 years. In the vertebrate host, the sexual forms, called gametocytes, develop and are taken back up by insects during a blood feeding. In the insect, the gametocyctes fertilize each other in the insect’s gut, escape the gut, grow into sporozoites, and then invade the insect’s salivary glands. When the insect bites another vertebrate host, the sporozoites are injected into the host and the cycle begins anew.

And now, deer and insects

Until now, no Plasmodium parasite was found naturally in any mammal from the New World. A new study by Ellen Martinsen and colleagues just appeared that claims that a large percentage of whitetailed deer in the southeastern U.S. harbor a malarial parasite, Plasmodium odocoilei. Their discovery of this widespread malarial infection was quite by accident. While screening DNA from mosquitoes for malaria parasites, they discovered the DNA signature of an odd Plasmodium-like malarial parasite. When they went to the sample and DNAtyped the blood meal source,



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they found it was white-tailed deer. Then they surveyed a bunch of other deer, as well as pronghorns, elk, and mule deer, to see the extent of infection. Eighteen percent of white-tailed deer in the Southeast were infected, whereas animals to the west were not. Also, no species other than whitetails was infected. However, they have not yet sampled much of the range of whitetails, including the Upper Midwest, and therefore the extent of the parasite distribution is unclear. However, given the lack of any positive tests in the West, it seems pretty likely that the infection is localized in the southeastern U.S. Actually, in 1967, it was reported that a single whitetailed deer from Texas carried a Plasmodium parasite, of unclear identity, but there were no subsequent reports. Are the new parasites the same as the one discovered in 1967? Only one slide remains of the 1967 blood smear showing the infected cells (and for some reason, it’s at the Natural History Museum in London). The parasites are tough to tell apart from their appearance, but they appear to be very similar. Why or how, then, has the parasite been undetected, at least in the southeastern U.S.? First, only about one in 65,000 cells is infected, so it’s rare to find an infected cell on a slide, especially if you aren’t looking for it. In fact, the high sensitivity of the DNA test is much more practical for detecting the parasite. The parasite is spread from deer to deer by a mosquito, and so far, only one species is thought to be a carrier. The researchers confirmed this by finding Plasmodium DNA in the salivary glands of this mosquito. The large number of infected deer allowed the researchers to find that although they are all Plasmodium parasites (now called Plasmodium odocoilei, after the generic name of the white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus), there was a lot of genetic variability among them. In fact, there are two very different DNA signatures, suggesting there might

be two malaria parasite species. The only way this could happen is if the parasite had been in the deer for quite some time, as it takes time for genetic variation to build up. Plus, the spread of the parasite across the Southeast suggests it would take some time for mosquitoes to spread it that far. Oddly, the deer version of the parasite is most closely related to those found in bats from the Old World. The researchers suggested that deer might have colonized North America across the Bering Land Bridge, and brought the parasite with them. However, the geography of the infection suggests this is unlikely, otherwise it should have been found in the West. So, the big question is, does it affect deer? I asked Martinsen, and she replied via email that no one has suggested it, but since it was just identified, maybe illnesses attributed to other causes might in reality be from malaria. Or, maybe a malarial infection might weaken deer and make them susceptible to other diseases, or reduced lifespan or reproductive success, which Martinsen pointed out are called “subclinical” effects. She also pointed out that fawns might be more vulnerable, but given the survival rate of fawns, it might go undetected. Deer farms in the Southeast that lose fawns to unknown causes might want to have a blood sample screened. But at this point, it’s not clear what effect the infection has on deer health. Of course, the big question concerns whether eating an infected deer poses a health risk for humans. Given that I just had a wonderful venison dinner last night, the question quickly sprang to mind. So, I naively asked Martinsen. She pointed out that there is virtually no chance that the deer versions of the parasite could infect humans, and reminded me that I apparently already had forgotten what I wrote a few paragraphs ago. To be infected, you have to be bitten by a mosquito. So, you should continue to use bug spray, and deer should, too, if they could.

March 11, 2016


Page 27

Photo by Rob Drieslein

bicide application to knock the grass out so it doesn’t compete with the trees,” Schuessler added.

Matching trees to soil

Plan and prep first for species, planting time, soil for success By Dan Hansen Contributing Writer


his is the time of year when many of us who own land think about planting trees when spring finally arrives. Whether you want to plant a few dozen trees or several thousand, have previous experience or have yet to plant your first tree, there are several important steps you can take to make sure you get the best results from your planting.

Begin with a plan

A successful tree planting begins long before the seedlings arrive. Matching the correct seedlings to the site, choosing the appropriate seedling size, checking for insects and diseases, and preparing the site should be done even before you place your tree order. It’s also important to establish clear planting goals. Are you planting to improve wildlife habitat or food, to provide shade or a windbreak, to prevent soil erosion, do you want fast-growing trees, or are you willing to invest in species that grow slowly and provide timber and recreation for future generations? To help explore the many different goals for tree planting and the best ways to achieve them, Outdoor News contacted Michael Schuessler, a forester with the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, and Brian Haase, a county conservationist whose department sells trees to county residents each year. Schuessler advises visiting the prospective planting site with a private forester or one from your state forestry department. “They can help with your plan and make other recommendations,” he said.

Site selection and prep

When choosing a site for tree planting, it may be helpful to have a soil test; however, Schuessler doesn’t feel it’s an absolute necessity. “You should know whether your soil is sandy, clay or loam, and that information can be gotten from county soil conservation offices,” he said. Whether on ag land or in a forested setting, Schuessler doesn’t see soil nutrient content as a limiting factor to planting success. “Rarely do we see a situation where a lack of nutrients is going to have a detrimental effect,” he said. In addition to soil type, it’s critical to determine the type of competition newly planted trees might face. “People don’t often view grass as a huge competitor,” he said, “but it’s probably the most significant competitor you can have for a tree seedling. “If the planting site is a corn or soybean field that was harvested during the previous year, there won’t be much for competition, whereas a field that’s been grass for 15 years will need tilling or a glyphosate her-

With a mechanical planter, a small crew can plant 5,000 or more trees in a day. Photo courtesy of the Wisconsin DNR

Before you start digging holes and planting trees, it’s important to determine the type of soil with which you’re working. Certain tree species do better in certain soil types. Photo by Rob Drieslein

Generally, on sandier soils red pine and white pine will do well. Both are fast growing and can reach a height of 35 feet or more. They are often used for timber, to provide windbreaks, and for ornamental purposes. “We don’t see a lot of hardwood species on the sandier soils because they typically need more nutrients, but a birch also might work,” Schuessler said. Higher quality oak and maple trees are better suited to loam and heavier soils that have higher moisture and nutrient content. “White pine do pretty well across the board, but white spruce does best on heavy, moist soils,” Schuessler said. He said white oak might work on some sandy soils, but red oaks are better on heavier soils. Oaks, of course, produce high-quality timber and acorns for deer and other wildlife, but they’re slow growers and a long-term investment. Shagbark hickory might also work. Sugar maples, however, typically don’t do well on open areas, according Schuessler. “They’ll often struggle when exposed to full sunlight,” he said. American tamarack and white cedar are good choices for wetter soils and can add variety to a planting. Schuessler strongly advises against planting non-native species. “What we typically find is there’s a rea(See Tree Planting Page 29)

Protecting the trees

Once seedlings have been planted, they may need almost immediate protection to ensure their survival. “A significant factor affecting survival of seedlings during the establishment period (first five years) is deer browse,” Schuessler said. “Any species other than red pine and white spruce will need to be protected from browsing in most areas populated by deer.” According to Schuessler, deer exclosures have proven effective in protecting newly planted trees and in aiding regeneration following a timber harvest. Materials to build the exclosure include: a roll of woven wire fencing 7.5 feet high, electric fence wire, fence posts, cable ties, fence strainers, and flagging tape. “In a forested setting it can be very efficient to use existing trees for fenceposts, because you save money by not having to put in so many posts,” Schuessler said. “Even in as short a time as one growing season, it’s easy to see how effective deer exclosures are in keeping browse to a minimum. It’s really revealing how much browse is occurring out in the woods,” he added. Haase also recommends mowing to keep weed growth down after planting until the new trees can out compete the weeds. “Invasive species control is another thing to consider,” he said. “I have a larger planting of red and white pines that have now been in the ground 10 years, which has experienced a lot of spotted knapweed in between tree rows. I hope now that the canopy is starting to shade out the understory that the knapweed will begin to recede. It is a very difficult plant to kill.” Along with state forestry agencies and county conservation departments, tree planting information and resources are often available from various woodland owner groups, the United States Forest Service at, and may be available from local chapters of national conservation organizations.

Only a few basic materials are needed to construct a deer exclosure. Photos courtesy of the Wisconsin DNR

A deer exclosure under construction.

This completed deer exclosure is ready to protect valuable seedlings.

Page 28


March 11, 2016

2016 Wood Duck Challenge For young people under the age of 18. 1. B  uild at least one wood duck nesting box according to an approved plan. 2. Install the box, preferably on a pole with a cone guard as diagrammed. Lip of cone should be at least three feet from ground. Trees are difficult to make predator proof, but if you choose a tree, wrap a three-foot strip of sheet metal below the box, four feet off the ground. Add another strip above the box if there is access from another tree. In time, gray squirrels are usually the first to beat the tree wraps. 3. H  ave a photo taken with you holding the box, or a photo of you with the installed nesting box in the background, and send it to: Ohio Outdoor News Wood Duck Challenge, 9850 51st Ave. N., Suite 130, Plymouth, MN 55442-3271 before May 15. You can also submit photos online at Wood-Duck-Challenge/. Here’s what you get: 1. Satisfaction for helping one of nature’s beautiful creatures. 2. A  n iron-on 2016 Wood Duck Challenge patch and a Gander Mountain decal. 3. A  one-year membership to the Ohio Waterfowl Association. 4. Your photo published in Ohio Outdoor News.

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For Constructing Your Wood Duck House

Editor’s Note: The Wood Duck Society and the staff at this publication agree that mounting wood duck houses on trees creates an unnecessary predation hazard for the birds. Following the pole-mounting procedure should reduce wood duck predation by raccoons (and other predators) and produce more young wood ducks. For more information, contact the Wood Duck Society at (651) 429-8007, or visit he most common drawback of using wood to build duck houses is that when poorly constructed, they will last only a year or two before they literally weather apart at the seams. That is why Outdoor News recommends using cedar (rough side out), overlapping and sloping the roof, insetting the bottom, blunting or predrilling and setting all nails (sheetrock screws also work well), as well as using thin “grip” or “anchor” type cedar shake nails 21⁄2 inches long (except to attach cleat spacer to rear wall, where 11⁄2-inch nails are used).


Cleaning and accessibility

Since annual cleaning and inspection are an important part of wood duck house projects, easy access is a must. Hinges add expense, and houses with roofs that open up for cleaning are not very strong. Plus, the nest material is a long, sometimes dangerous, reach from the top of the box to the bottom. The simple side wall access door pivoting on two nails permits convenient, safe side access and a sturdier box. An added benefit of the side access door is how it simplifies post installation. Note: Placement of the cleaning/access door on the right side wall as you face the front of the house makes installation handy for a right-handed person.


Traditional wooden duck house designs have wasted some wood and created a real “monster” when it comes to carrying and mounting the heavy beasts. Female woodies, goldeneyes, and hooded mergansers prefer this snug, 8-by-8-inch interior box dimension, and it can make the boxes much lighter and easier to carry and install.

Duck safety

A 3-by-4-inch duck entrance hole and an 18-inch distance from the bottom of the duck entrance hole to the bottom of the house (17-inch inside distance) are important dimensions to frustrate raccoons and help the hen or the nest survive an attack. Never add a perch to the front of the house. Ducks don’t need it, and raccoons use it for a better grip during an attack.

Material sources Nest Box: Cedar kits (Helmeke design – side door) Minnesota Waterfowl Association; 907 First St. N.; Hopkins, MN 55343. Phone: (952) 767-0320 or mnwaterfowl. com. Poles: Eight-foot treated landscape timbers (flat on two sides) from any lumber yard. Discarded steel sign posts sometimes available free to conservation groups from highway departments. Sheet metal cone guard: Use tin snips, or furnish a heating contractor with a pattern. Commercially cut cones and support


Select a relatively open area to pole mount duck boxes. Face the boxes toward an open “flight lane” where woodies are likely to fly by and see the entrance from a distance. Placing the boxes near or over water accomplishes this, as well as being close to where woodies are more likely to spend a lot of time. Don’t rule out posts not close to water. Early morning observation during the nesting season often will reveal pairs of woodies searching favorite areas for nest sites some distance from the closest water. Since raccoons are notorious shoreline predators, these more distant nest locations may be less bothered by raccoons. Also, don’t be concerned about placing your nest box close to your home or other human activity. Woodies and other cavity-nesting ducks are very tolerant of human comings and goings. Install your house via the relatively low pole-mount method described also in this issue.

Drawing details

1. Use a square to align rear “hinge nail” with front “hinge nail.” 2. Use a wood rasp to round out “finger groove.” 3. Drain holes are not recommend in this house design.

Safety tips

1. Everyone in the woodworking area should wear safety glasses. 2. Adults should closely supervise the use of all tools. Power saws should involve “hands on” adult supervision – if not actual completion by an adult.

Lumber 1. Use grade 3 cedar, rough one side.

brackets available through Prairie Pothole Chapter of MWA; or by mail: P.O. Box 14; Willmar, MN 56201. Angled support brackets: Purchase 1-inch steel right angle brackets and bend to 40 degrees, or purchase ready-made through Prairie Pothole Chapter at above address. If 4-by-4-inch square posts are used, brackets can be omitted by ordering MWI style cones. MWI cones have four “wings” that are bent up and attached to post. Questions? See prairiepotholeday. com. 2. Sides/front/back/floor 1 inch by 10 inches (actual 3⁄4 by 91⁄4). 3. Roof – 1 inch by 12 inch (actual 3⁄4- by 111⁄4 inches). 4. Rough surface goes out on completed house. One “side” will be smooth unless you make an even number of houses and alternate the direction of your cross cut.

Tree Planting (From Page 27)

son why certain trees grew and evolved in a particular area,” he said. “We might like them because they look pretty, but they’re just not well suited for an entirely different landscape.” “For conserving soil or stopping erosion, woody shrubs are a good choice because they allow other grasses to grow up between them to aid in soil erosion,” said Haase. “Erosion problems are best addressed by faster growing species.” Suitable shrubs may include high bush cranberry, red osier dogwood, and hazelnut. In addition to controlling erosion, many will also provide food and cover for wildlife.

Planting time and tips

Tree planting in northern areas generally occurs in April or early May, after frost is out but while trees have not yet started their growth cycle. “That time may differ by species somewhat and certainly changes a bit depending on the length of winter each year,” Haase said.

Final considerations

1. Have you attached your 1⁄4-inch mesh exit ladder? (A staple gun works great!) 2. Add 4 inches of cedar shavings as nest base material. For more information, contact the Wood Duck Society at (651) 429-8007, or visit

Seedlings and transplants are generally available from state and private nurseries, and can be ordered from late fall into early winter. Once trees arrive, they should be planted as soon as possible. If they can be planted within two or three days, the trees should be stored in a cool, damp place. “Those that can’t be planted in three days should be placed in refrigerated storage,” Schuessler said. Open areas with light to medium sod, and some moderately stony areas with heavier soil, can be planted with mechanical planters pulled by tractors. Sites too rocky or rough must be planted by hand using a shovel or planting bar. “A good scalp is needed on all but bare ground,” he said. “Up to 500 trees can be planted by hand in one day by an experienced person, and 5,000 using a mechanical planter and a crew of two or three people. Custom tree-planting services also may be available in some areas.”

Page 30


Shotguns (From Page 1)

implement usage. What the data shows is that during the statewide general firearms deer-hunting seasons (combining last year’s sevenday season and tacked-on late December two-day season) that sportsmen and sportswomen had no fewer than six available deer-hunting implement options: shotguns, crossbows, longbows, muzzleloading rifles, rifles chambered for specifically designated so-called “straightwalled” calibers, and an also restricted list of calibers associated with handguns. The wildlife division has likewise assembled a list of similar deer-hunting implements used by qualifying youngsters during the statewide two-day youthonly firearms deer-hunting season. What the back-to-back data demonstrates is that the fewest number of deer killed during the firearms seasons are taken with longbows, followed by crossbows. For the former implement type, the 2014-2015 season the number of deer killed was 211 and for the latter the figure was 349. The 2015-2015 season saw the number of deer killed with longbows increase to 261 while the figure associated with crossbows rose to 544. Perhaps the best speculative explanation regarding hunter usage of any archery implement during a firearms hunting season focuses as much on the “where” as to the “why.” In any number of communities across Ohio, gun hunting is forbidden though the use of archery tackle is legal. Consequently, a hunter looking for a quiet tree stand or ground blind sit in an archeryonly community may very well decide against joining the gun-

March 11, 2016

toting army in rural Ohio. “I would say that’s a safe assumption,” said Clint McCoy, a wildlife division deer biologist. “It certainly makes sense.” Possibly, too, McCoy ponders, is that the small number of deer being taken with handguns is due to the challenge such implements offer to their users rather than to the firearms’ effectiveness at bagging an animal. Historically, McCoy says as well, handguns have not been a major player during any Ohio firearms deer-hunting season. This past year, the wildlife division recorded only 577 animals being killed by hunters using handguns – a drop from the 511 animals killed with such implements the previous firearms season. Indeed, of the six forms of hunting implements now permitted during Ohio’s firearms deer-hunting season, the handgun ledger was the only one to post a decline. The use of muzzleloaders continues to hold steady, too, the wildlife division’s computergenerated numbers note, as a percentage of the overall kill as well as the raw numbers of deer actually shot. For the 2014-2015 firearms deer-hunting season, 8,471 deer were taken with muzzleloaders, a figure that grew to 8,376 animals for the 2015-2016 season with nearly identical percentage-of-total deer taken. Likely of no surprise to anyone is the growth in the number of deer being shot with rifles in the wildlife-division-approved list of straight-walled calibers. For the 2014-2015 firearms deerhunting season, 5,359 deer were killed using such permitted weaponry. However, for the two combined 2015-2016 firearms deer-hunting seasons, that number rose to 8,376 deer.

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Perhaps more telling is that the percent-of-total deer taken with rifles chambered for approved calibers climbed from 8.18 percent in 2014-2015 to 11.41 percent last year. “I believe that there will be an upper limit/leveling off in the number of deer killed with (rifles) but we’re still in a growth period. At least for the moment,” McCoy said. In terms of straight-walled rifle caliber preference, a wildlife division deer hunter survey showed that 48.1 percent of the surveyed hunters who returned forms said the .45-70 Government was their selected caliber, 28.2 percent indicated it was the .44 Magnum, 13.8 percent shouted out the .444 Marlin, 3.4 percent picked the .357 Magnum, and 2 percent chose the .45 Long Colt. Still at the apex of the type of implement used by Ohio’s deer hunters – and likely always will be – are shotguns and their many forms of projectiles. In sheer volume the number of deer killed each year by hunters utilizing shotguns dwarfs every one of the other five legal implements. Even when the five other

allowable implements are combined, the data comparison proves it’s not even a contest. For the 2014-2015 firearms deer-hunting season, shotguns accounted for 50,499 animals killed – or 77.12 percentage of total deer taken. The comparative figures for the combined two 2015-2016 firearms deer-hunting seasons were 54,490 animals, and 74.25 percentage of total deer killed. As for the future, there may be some activity advancing across the deer-hunting landscape to allow the use of large-caliber air rifles; something of a misnomer since such implements are far removed from a Daisy Red Ryder BB-gun. For now, only four states allow the use of air rifles for the taking of big game: Arizona, Missouri, Michigan, and Virginia. Also, New York is looking to amend its hunting rules to allow similar usage, the stipulation being that such an implement have a minimum bore diameter of .30 inches, have a rifled barrel, and have a powering apparatus that can propel a projectile with a minimal muzzle velocity of 650 feet per second.

Manufacturers are already looking for an expanding marketplace, too. Crossman, for example, has introduced what it calls the “.357 Bulldog” model under the firm’s Benjamin line; a futuristic-looking air rifle that includes sound suppression, optics, a Picatinny-style rail for accessory mounting, five-shot magazine capacity, and a rifle capable of sending a 145-grain Nosler bullet down range at 800 feet per second as measured from the muzzle, along with 200 foot pounds of energy. Whether Ohio expands its allowance of air rifles for hunting squirrels, rabbits, and other small game animals to the taking of deer is more a matter of law enforcement than deer-management-biology, however, says McCoy. Even so, McCoy said that he recently fielded a query from his counterparts in Kansas as to whether Ohio permits the use of air rifles for deer hunting. Thus perhaps at some point Ohio deer hunters will have yet one more option – or a big-boys’ toy, if you wish – to choose from in deciding what to take into the field.

2016; Dec. 28-29, 2016 • Deer muzzleloader: Jan. 14-17, 2017 During a teleconference with outdoor writers in February, Division of Wildlife officials explained the rationale behind the proposals. One question that was posed was as to why Ohio has so many gun seasons all situated rather close together. “What we need to work through and figure out for our long-term deer management plan is our constituents’ opinions,” Kohler said. “For every one who’s saying you’ve got too many gun days there’s others probably saying you don’t have enough.” Ohio hunters killed 188,335 deer during the recently

completed season, marking a 12,590 deer increase from the previous year. Many factors played a role in the bountiful harvest this past season, said Kohler. “We know we had deer probably more vulnerable to harvest this year just because of the failed mast crop,” Kohler said. “When we have fewer acorns out there, deer have to travel farther. Also, in our western part of Ohio the crops were off a little bit early so that probably played a role, too.” Is the Division of Wildlife satisfied with deer populations in the state? “Most areas of the state, according to our recent goal setting meetings, can stand to grow the population just a little bit,” said Clint McCoy, a deer biologist with the Division of Wildlife. “So, there’s not any particular area of the state that is of more concern than another. They’re all pretty well close to or have reached (population) goal.” The Ohio Wildlife Council will vote on all proposals after receiving public input. A statewide hearing on all of the proposed rules will be held at the DNR Division of Wildlife’s District 1 office on Thursday, March 17, at 9 a.m. The office is at 1500 Dublin Road, Columbus, Ohio 43215. The Division of Wildlife last fall sent out more than 18,000 surveys to deer hunters and received in return about 6,000, which is a 30 percent return rate, said McCoy. Also, the number of nonresident hunters in Ohio was near its peak in 2015-2016, said Mike Tonkovich, deer project leader for the Division of Wildlife. Last year, 39,360 nonresident hunting licenses were sold. That compares to the high water mark for nonresident hunters in 2012 when 39,4777 licenses were sold. There is currently no proposal on the table that would raise nonresident license fees, said Susie Vance, administrator for information and education with the Division of Wildlife. Proposals that would have raised the nonresident fees were shot down in the legislature in each of the past two years.

Deer Regs (From Page 1) The county bag limits were proposed to remain the same. The statewide bag limit was proposed to remain at six deer; only one deer may be antlered, and a hunter cannot exceed a county bag limit. “Biologically speaking, there was no need to make any changes,” said Kohler. “We’re still comfortable where we’re sitting with bag limits and use of the antlerless permits. There is nothing screaming at us to make any changes.” The proposed deer seasons are as follows: • Deer archery: Sept. 24, 2016Feb. 5, 2017 • Youth deer gun: Nov. 19-20, 2016 • Deer gun: Nov. 28-Dec. 4,

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Success means different things to different people. For some, just seeing the game they are pursuing results in a successful day, and some hunters find success in the camaraderie of a Photos by group hunt.  By Russ Mason Contributing Writer


here’s an old New Yorker magazine cartoon that shows a man, looking confused and sitting in his living room. The caption reads, “What was that I just felt... satisfaction?” As well, folks of a certain age will remember the Rolling Stones song, “(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction.” To wit: “When I’m watchin’ my TV And a man comes on and tells me How white my shirts can be But he can’t be a man ‘cause he doesn’t smoke The same cigarettes as me.” There’s more truth in that cartoon and the lyrics of that song than most of us are willing to admit. I’m asked about hunter satisfaction all the time. I also get lots of advice on the topic and what can be done to enhance it. It seems like every day, someone tells me that: (a) we need more deer, or, (b) we need better deer, or, best of all, (c) we need more AND better deer. The point is that satisfaction isn’t a physical trait like eye color. Worse, it isn’t even a stable psychological concept.

Bryan Hoak shot this 13-point buck while hunting near Medina last December.

What satisfies one person likely won’t satisfy the next and what satisfies one day frequently becomes unsatisfying a day or season later. U.S. Supreme Court Justice Potter Smith wrote that pornography couldn’t be defined, but, he said, “I know it when I see it.” So, too, satisfaction has no clear definition, except how the experience is supposed to be. The literature (and, as usual, there is some) suggests satisfaction is partly emotional (immediate, existential, instantaneous) and partly cognitive (value-laden, not as time constrained). In the context of deer hunting, a hunter could be happy that he or she harvested a good buck, yet dissatisfied overall because that buck was the only one seen. I get that story a lot. Alternatively, a hunter could be unhappy because he or she didn’t harvest a deer, yet satisfied because her or his hunting friends made it to camp. I get that story, too. Satisfaction also involves what psychologists call “locus of control.” The famous example is public perceptions of flooding before and after the Tennessee Valley Authority. Before the Authority, flooding that destroyed crops was an “Act of God.” People were satisfied, because most years, crop yields were outstanding. They accepted the occasional flood as “just one of those things” and a cost of doing business. However, soon after the Authority set up shop, satisfaction melted away. If the river over-topped its levees, the TVA was to blame. God had been relieved of his responsibilities. In Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, and Iowa, deer hunters are a generally satisfied constituency. Typically, approval ratings for agency efforts are at or above 60 percent. But there is very little public land and light hunting pressure. Hunters are the land managers for the most part. Therefore, they have no one to blame but themselves if circumstances turn out poorly. Perhaps for that reason, Acts of God (hard winters, droughts,

late springs) dominate discussions of season quality. The same can’t be said for New York, Pennsylvania, and several other states. All have large public land portfolios. While hunters will acknowledge the impacts of weather or other uncontrollable circumstances, blame often is laid squarely on the agency for doing too little or too much of something. This despite the fact that hunter success has doubled or tripled over the past 50 years. And so, with an agency accountable, hunters provide suggestions to remedy perceived (and sometimes real) deficiencies. There are proponents and antagonists for nearly every position, and nearly all define and then project their desires as key to enhanced hunter satisfaction.

Over the past several years, the hunting community has more vigorously tied satisfaction to hunter recruitment and retention. The discussions grow increasingly interesting because the segments that could well represent the future are quite different. On the one hand, at least when it comes to deer hunting, the young to middle-aged male segment of the hunting population seems to be oriented generally toward universal antler point restrictions. The aim is to enhance the age and antler quality of the buck segment of the population. On the other hand, the fastest growing segment of the hunting community is young women, who hunt for venison as a healthful food and as an activity that they can do with families and friends. Antlers and buck age structure, per se, have little or nothing to

Page 31

do with it. In the background are the declining members of the Baby Boom generation who may practice antler-point restrictions on their own properties but don’t want to be told what they can and cannot shoot. Each of these general groups defines emotional and cognitive satisfaction in very different ways. How we proceed in the best interests of all (and the highest overall levels of satisfaction, whatever that might be) is a question that the hunting community will have to decide. All of the perspectives are important to the protection of hunting in a world increasingly opposed to consumptive use. Success will depend on the degree to which the various segments stray from their ideologies, and argue for more than what they have in their headlights.

Page 32


reflections on life and death


Dan Small holds a newborn lamb, “Ramalama Ding Dong,” as “Buster” looks on. Photos by Shivani Arjuna By Dan Small Contributing Editor


hunters, we do most of our killing at a distance. As close as we might feel to an animal we have taken, there’s often a sense of detachment from it. We might appreciate the beauty of a wild turkey’s iridescent feathers, or the majesty of a white-tailed buck in his prime, and we might offer thanks to the animal or a higher power for the gift of this life that will help sustain our own. But, in the end, we have seized a chance opportunity to reduce a wild animal to a possession, and now we must deal with the business of making meat. Through most of my early hunting career, my taking of game was rather methodical. I was respectful of the deer or rabbits I hunted, but did not give much thought about

the life I had just terminated. I tried to make a good, clean shot, in order to put an animal down quickly and humanely and damage as little meat as possible, and then I set about field-dressing and processing the carcass without delay. Then on two occasions, I reached a buck I had shot just as it was dying. In both instances, the deer was down and not moving, but there was still life in its eyes – akin to what Aldo Leopold called “a fierce green fire” in the eyes of a wolf he and his companions had shot during his early years as a ranger in New Mexico. “I realized then, and have known ever since, that there was something new to me in those eyes – something known only to (the wolf) and the mountain,” he wrote. Leopold went on to say that watching that green fire die was a life-changing moment

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for him. From that experience, he went on to adopt an ecological view of nature and man’s place in it, and he came to understand the important role all creatures, including predators, play in a balanced ecosystem. My experience of watching the life fade from those bucks’ eyes was not an epiphany as great as Leopold’s, but I came away from each of those incidents knowing I had just taken a life, and that I would never know what that animal had seen and known. In some way I could not explain, I felt closer to the deer, even if its life remained a mystery. Both of those incidents occurred more than 30 years ago. In that same era, I had similar experiences with several snowshoe hares that I shot and reached in time to watch the life fade from their eyes. As with the deer, I felt somehow closer to these dying hares as they were expiring, and was left wondering how they had experienced their short lives and what they were experiencing in their final moments. There is an element of surprise in most hunting. You spend long hours on stand, then a deer suddenly appears. When hunting upland birds or small game, a flush or the sudden appearance of game is often startling, even when your dog’s behavior tells you to expect it. Taking the shot in these instances is often a reflexive move, without a lot of forethought. In contrast, shooting a turkey often feels like an assassination. Most of the time, a gobbler sounds off in answer to your hen yelps as he approaches. He comes in deliberately, and you have plenty of time to draw a bead on his head. Your heart races as he closes the gap from 100 yards to 50, then 30, then maybe 20 as he finally steps into the clear and raises his head. You struggle to control your breathing and wait for just the right moment to pull the trigger on the unsuspecting bird. You certainly don’t know the gobbler as you would a friend, but there is no question that you have connected with him for a brief time and fooled him with your calls. A skilled waterfowl hunter can have a similar experience, as he calls and decoys ducks and geese to the gun. Deer hunting, especially with a bow or crossbow, can

Dan Small has developed a greater appreciation for the lives of animals since he became a farmer. sometimes elicit the same reac- livestock. I even tried to teach tions, if the hunter gets a long him to shake hands when he look at the deer as it approach- pawed at me. es his stand. What deer hunter We do our own killing and hasn’t experienced “buck butchering because it spares fever” in one form or anoththe animals the trauma of er? In my case, my heart rate a trip to a slaughterhouse, usually increases after I shoot it saves money, and we get because deer surprise me more exactly the cuts of meat we often than not. want. Doing so also affirms My outlook on animals’ lives our connection to our food, a took a surprising turn several connection I already felt with years ago when my wife and wild game, but came to underI moved to a small farm and stand more deeply with our started raising goats, sheep, own animals. and chickens. I knew from the The inevitable time came to beginning we would kill and slaughter Edgar, as it made eat some of these animals, but no economic sense to keep I did not know how that prohim around. We had already cess might affect me. slaughtered a number of chickSeveral friends warned me, ens, some of which had names. perhaps from their own expeI found it difficult to kill the rience, not to name the animals named roosters, but we did so we planned to eat, but we as humanely as possible, putnamed them anyway. Most of ting them in a plastic cone and their names just popped into cutting their jugular veins with one of our heads, sometimes a sharp knife, then holding right after they were born, but them as they bled out. Shivani often weeks or months later. recited a prayer for each bird before we killed it. Every one One of these critters was a ram we named “Edgar.” When of them provided delicious, fresh meat that we relished. Shivani’s plans shifted from dairy sheep to dairy goats and When we led Edgar to the she started buying a smaller tree where we would skin and breed of sheep, we no longer butcher his carcass, I thought needed Edgar. Most sheep are about what I have heard skittish at best, but Edgar was some people say about their downright sociable. He would opposition to killing animals. come looking for a treat when Most anti-hunters see hunting I approached his pen. He liked as a barbaric practice, even to have his ears rubbed, and though many of them have he would gently paw at my leg no problem eating a steak or with a front hoof for attention. drumstick. Some nonhuntLike most rams, you had to ers, even avowed carnivores, keep an eye on him because (See Field to Farm Page 33) if you turned your back, he might butt you. Other than that fault, he was more like a dog than a head of

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Dan Small and Richie Galindo lead Edgar the ram on his final walk. Small prepares to skin Edgar’s carcass.  Photos by Shivani Arjuna

March 11, 2016

Creating and hunting


Page 33


Creating edge habitat now is a good idea so you don’t affect the patterns of deer you plan to hunt. Photo courtesy of Stan Tekiela By Eddie Odendahl Contributing Writer


hen you stop and think about it, most of our deer-hunting hot spots most likely are between two different types of habitat. You might be sitting in the timber just off the field edge, hunting that oak flat just above the cattail swamp, or overlooking an old overgrown pasture next to a pine grove. Edge habitat tends to hold deer for several reasons. First, it offers multiple varieties of forage. Second, the transition

between the two habitats often creates a natural opening, making travel easy. We often see deer in these transition zones, as one type of habitat typically has a thick understory used as a bedding area and the other habitat contains multiple food sources. Deer often feel safe enough to venture just outside their bedding area into these transition zones to feed, on their way to destination plots. Here are a few options to consider when creating the ideal edge habitat to stack the odds in your favor for next

Field to Farm (From Page 32)

squeamishly avoid even thinking about the steps between live animal and packaged meat, let alone taking a cleaver and cutting chops from a lamb quarter. I am reminded of another Leopold quote: “There are two spiritual dangers in not owning a farm. One is supposing that breakfast comes from the store, and the other that heat comes from the furnace.” As much as I agree with Leopold, putting a bullet into Edgar’s head at point-blank range as he trustingly gobbled corn from a bucket was one of the hardest things I’ve ever had to do. A friend helped me with the process, as Edgar weighed 150 pounds, but I declined his offer to shoot him for me. We skinned and dressed his carcass, then let it age for a week or so in our root cellar, which is the next-best thing to a walk-in cooler, and then I cut and wrapped the meat. Throughout this process, I was aware that this had been Edgar, but I steeled myself to the task. When Shivani and I sat down to a meal of fresh loin, I opened a bottle of wine and lit a candle to celebrate our first supper of farm-raised lamb. She said a prayer of thanks, and then I wept like a baby. All the feelings I had repressed came out in those tears. “Are you OK?” she asked. “I will be,” I answered. In a few minutes, I was over my grief, and we dug into a delicious meal. Since then we have slaughtered and eaten two more sheep – last year’s breeding ram, “Windsor,” and Edgar’s offspring, “Buster.” We sold two others (“Red” and “Harold”) to friends who did the same. Killing each was easier than the one before, but along with the gain of many meals of organic, grass-fed meat, I felt regret and loss each time I pulled the trigger. The fact that the rams and wethers are the friendliest of our sheep doesn’t help. We have two sheep in the winter pasture destined for freezer camp – this year’s ram, “Badger,” and a wether we neutered last spring I call “Ramalama Ding Dong” because he broke one of his horns sparring with another lamb and it grew out at a weird angle. If Badger did the job we acquired him to do, our nine ewes will have as many as a dozen lambs this spring. The males, and perhaps some of the females, will all become meat. This is the way small farmers have lived for centuries, and the way we will continue to live on our little place. We will likely keep naming our animals – it makes it easier to identify and talk about them, and they do all have distinct personalities, some of them endearing and some not so much. And we will keep eating them because that is one reason we got into farming in the first place. As a hunter, I already had respect for the animals I killed. As a farmer, I have come to a much greater appreciation of the lives we take to sustain our own.

fall. First, if you have enough property, you could have a small section of the timber selectively logged. Not only is this the fastest and easiest way to create edge habitat, it is also a source of revenue that can be used for other habitat improvements such as food plots or creating watering holes. The first few years after logging, the deer will use the thick new growth as a bedding area and will also browse all the new young saplings. On a smaller scale, it’s surprising how big an area you can clear with just a chainsaw. Choose a section of cover downwind of a known bedding area. By simply clearing all the brush and a few of the smaller trees out of a 30- by

100-foot area, an opening for new forage is created in a short amount of time without drastically altering your property. This should be done during the winter months so you don’t make any big changes to the landscape that might alter a mature buck’s pattern. Spread three to five of these areas across your property. Native plants that can be far more attractive for deer than the eight- to 12-foot-tall brush that once was there will now flourish. Set up your stands in the middle lengthwise of these openings and you’re sure to have deer work the edge of the cover in front of you next fall. If you have the equipment, creating openings for food plots can be the most effective

method for harvesting deer each fall. Again, create your food plots in long, thin strips instead of a big square opening. This creates more edge habitat, and you’ll find deer cruising the edge of your plots. For bowhunting, this makes the most sense as you’ll be able to shoot across your narrow plot, and most deer will follow the edges as they meander up and down the length of your plot, providing you with the most opportunities. Increase your odds for harvesting your target deer next fall by creating more edge habitat this offseason. Choose stand placement carefully in regards to bedding areas and wind direction – hunt smarter not harder.

Page 34


March 11, 2016

The history of an

American legend Lever-action rifles By Ron Spomer Contributing Writer


hroughout history, humans have leveraged their knowledge, skills, influence, and ingenuity to modify nature and advance progress. We harnessed fire and electricity. We smelted copper and iron to make tools. We modified genetics to create domestic livestock and bumper crops. And Winchester engineered the lever-action rifle. The 1866 Winchester “Yellow Boy” lever-action rifle might not seem a major advancement, but it surely was. This lever-action rifle was not just the first to bear the Winchester name, but the first rugged, reliable, breech-loading sporting rifle. It inspired improvements and became The Gun That Won The West. Winchester lever actions went on to serve lawmen and outlaws, cow-

This display of old Winchesters at the Cody Firearms Museum in Wyoming chronicles the popular Winchesters that won the West, starting with the Henry on far left (no fore-end wood) through the Model 1866, Model 1873, and Model 1876 to the big Model 1886. This Model 1866 Winchester Yellow Boy (at left) is more elaborate than most because it was built for the first World’s Fair held in Philadelphia in 1876. By then the Winchester Model 73 was already winning the West, but this 1866 was years in the making. Photo courtesy of the Cody Firearms Museum

boys and Indians, armies and revolutionaries, farmers and storekeepers. And millions of hunters just looking to put venison on the table and joy in their lives. Yes, the lever-action

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Winchester has fueled the dreams of boys and girls for 150 years, dreams of adventure and crime-stopping, of discovery and challenge, of joining the ranks of adults capable of coursing forests and mountains to boldly confront life on the great frontier, whether that frontier was the wilds of Alaska or Grandpa’s back pasture. Oddly, Oliver Winchester, the man who started Winchester Repeating Arms, never designed or built a rifle or cartridge in his life. He went from selling shirts to investing in a promising rifle then known as the Volcanic. It was a primitive lever action that fired hollow bullets stuffed with gunpowder and plugged at the rear with a percussion cap. Upon firing, everything flew out the muzzle. The rifle and idea worked well enough, but the power was minimal – about 58 footpounds of energy, roughly a third of what a .22 long rifle puts out these days. B. Tyler Henry worked on the Volcanic rifle and achieved success by creating his .44 Henry Flat rimfire cartridge that cycled through the tubular magazine repeater. Henry rifles, manufactured by the New Haven Arms Co., of Connecticut, of which Winchester was a partial owner, saw considerable action in the West and some during the Civil War, but they had shortcomings, one of which was no fore-end wood to protect the shooter’s hand from a hot barrel. The second was the tubular magazine that had to be loaded from the front and was exposed along the bottom, letting dirt and debris enter the tube and spring. Henry left New Haven Arms in 1864, but other engineers tweaked the lever action, added the now-familiar side-loading gate at the back of the tube magazine, closing that magazine, and wrapping a walnut fore-end around magazine and barrel. Built on bronze actions, this was the 1866 Yellow Boy. Oliver Winchester had so much faith in it that he bought out controlling shares of the company, changed the name to his own, and

launched 150 years of firearms innovation and history. Thereafter, advancement in rifles and ammunition moved quickly. In 1873, Winchester unleashed the .44-40 centerfire cartridge and the stronger, iron-framed Model 1873, soon marketed as The Gun That Won The West. A larger, beefier version came out as the 1876. Next came the ’86, ’92, ’94, and ’95. In less than 40 years, America had a lever revolution. Despite Mauser’s perfection of the bolt-action in 1898, lever rifles continued as king in the American deer

The Model 94 and its most famous chambering, the .30-30 Winchester, get most of the credit for the lever’s success with hunters. The rifle was designed around the .38-55 blackpowder round.... woods until about the mid20th century. The Model 94 and its most famous chambering, the .3030 Winchester, get most of the credit for the lever’s success with hunters. The rifle was designed around the .38-55 black-powder round, but in

1895 Winchester offered it in its new .30-30 loaded with smokeless powder. The bullets ripped down the bore so fast that Winchester had to build them with gilding metal jackets to protect the lead. This idea became the bullet of the future, too. To date more than 7 million Model 94s have been built and they’re still going strong. They’d be even more popular, but for one shortcoming: blunt bullets. Because bullet tips press against the next cartridge’s primer in those tubular magazines, they must be blunt so recoil jarring doesn’t set off a chain reaction. Blunt bullets are less than half as aerodynamically efficient as spire points, thus making them poor long-range projectiles. Inside of 175 yards or so, the .30-30 is effective and deadly. During its 150th anniversary in 2016, Winchester will, I’m betting, be offering an extended line of its famous lever-action guns. Might be a good time to add one to your collection. Light, short, and fast, they make great plinking rifles and fine hunting rifles for hunters who like to hunt. Return to those thrilling days of yesteryear when a hunter could grab his lever action and head to the woods with a shout, “Hi yo Winchester! Away!”

Scott Michel, of Zanesville, arrowed this 14-point buck on Nov. 15 near Muskingum. The rack green scored 1565⁄8.

March 11, 2016

By Bob “Greenie” Grewell Contributing Writer


t’s obvious that wild turkeys are intimately acclimated with their habitats. But, just because a tom is roosted high in the treetops, even with a bevy of hens, that doesn’t mean he’s a pushover. Turkeys roost in treetops for security. Toms will congregate by themselves when they aren’t focused upon hens. But, during spring mating, firstlight roosted toms are usually close to hens. Each bird can see great distances, even during early morning. So, what are a few methods we can use that will help one become a roosted tom’s mating intentions? How should we approach roosted toms, set up, listen for, and deal with a mature tom after fly down? I could vaguely distinguish landscape features when I heard his first gobbles. Thereafter, the tom increased his boisterous gobbling. I was courting a lone roosted tom, waiting for just the right amount of daylight before he pitched to the ground in search of hens. Creating a few low-volume tree yelps, the tom answered back, double and triple gobbling. After long minutes of silence, I heard heavy wing beats. Then, silence again. I clucked softly. Without warning, the tom became visible in the dim light, strutting into view. As he spit and drummed at 15 yards, I “putted” sharply with my mouth call. The tom broke strut, craned his neck upward, and I shot! It was a perfect post-roost hunt! The bird gobbled on the roost, flew to the ground, then strutted into shotgun range. But, that doesn’t happen every hunt. I have learned that not all turkey hunts are easy, or end so quickly. I understand “change” is important because pressured turkeys gradually become more cautious of hunters. Consequently, 2016 gobblers might need a variety of tricks to coax them into gun


range, even when you‘re hidden below their roost tree. Can you estimate the approximate fly-down time when gobblers leave their roosts? It’s a guessing game because every hunting situation is different and fly down depends upon the intensity of breeding activity. Also, is a tom(s) with hens? If so, he will typically wait until hens leave their roosts before he launches his fly-down pursuit. Is he by himself? If so, he will often remain on roost later, gobbling and scanning the landscape for responding hens. And, if foul weather ruins the morning, he may hold tight on his roost and wait out the storm. There’s no doubt that roosting gobblers can present unique hunting obstacles. Obviously, that’s what makes turkey hunting so exciting. Nothing is a given. Hunters eventually learn mature gobblers are “icons.” If you haven’t already, you will encounter extremely wary birds. Human pressured gobblers become shy of hunter-related sounds, shapes, and movements. Their mysterious actions can be conquered, but hunters must gather all the facts. Roost trees are essential for turkeys, as well as hunters. Such as: You’ve encountered a roosted gobbler at first light. And, more than likely he is roosted with hens. Therefore, is it wise to think all you need to do is wait until one bird, or the entire flock, pitches to the ground before calling? Looks like he will be an easy mark? But, wary toms can devise ways to outwit you. Calling to birds on the roost before daylight is not always a “sure thing.” If hens are roosted with a tom, after fly down, they might take him away from you, although you can try to call in the hens and wait for a trailing gobbler. But, if a gobbler is by himself, he’s more likely to investigate your calling. Then, when you call, do so sparingly.

Calling to birds while they’re still on the roost before daylight is not always a sure thing. If a gobbler is alone without hens, he’s more likely to investigate your calling.

Page 35

LATE MORNING GOBBLER: Turkeys roost in treetops for security purposes. Wait out that gobbler and take advantage of your hunting knowledge to surprise him when he flies down. Photo by Don Dittberner Remember, it is illegal to shoot a roosted turkey in Ohio. Even when you don’t hear roosted gobblers, that doesn’t mean toms aren’t present. You will need to assess the intensity of the breeding cycle. Maybe he’s still with hens? Maybe he’s learned to keep quiet?

Don’t hesitate to change call types or calling cadences, either. Start with low-tone, sporadic calls. Purr, cluck, and hen yelp. If he won’t respond, try aggressive, louder calling. Or, challenge him with gobbler yelps.

Pressured toms hear a variety of hunter-created vocals. Sometimes not calling is effective, too. There have been many gobblers tagged by simply raking leaves with your hand to simulate a feed(See Gobblers Page 37)

­­­­­­Page 36


Goofy Gobblers

triple-gobbled! I carefully lowered my cheek to the receiver of my 12 gauge and waited for him to appear. He was far enough away that I moved my left hand to reach for another diaphragm call. I screwed up! Putt…putt…putt! There were two gobblers and the other tom was standing behind me. I’ve learned that no matter how obvious any turkey encounter, always be aware of your surroundings. Both birds ran off putting. This time, two birds beat me! During this hunt, I stood at the edge of a dense woods before daybreak. No turkey vocals. I waited for 15 minutes. Nothing! Just as I was leaving to head back to my truck, a tom gobbled! He gobbled late. Fortunately, he picked up intensity and gobbled with intensity. I made my move, sliding down a steep slope into a grassy ravine. I walked until I guessed I was 80 yards from his gobbling. I found a cluster of trees and planted myself. He gobbled for several minutes. Then, silence. Patiently, I waited until the tom was vocal again. When he gobbled, he was closer, on my left. I waited. Then, I heard a jake, with his weak gobbles. The two birds appeared to be together, with no hens. So, I clucked. They both gobbled. Tucked in between two trees, the jake appeared first. It was an easy shot.

(From Page 23)

What a tremendous turkey hunting morning! Sixty-two degrees, no wind, the sun glowing across the eastern horizon. Gobblers were yelling aggressively. I was already sitting at my favorite spot on a hilltop beside an open meadow. It was a “hunter’s utopia.” During several minutes of the morning, turkeys provided me with every vocal they normally create. Although the gobblers I heard were not close, I was certain there had to be toms on the move. I was right! Within minutes, I heard spine-tingling gobbles below me, to my right. I didn’t call, waiting to see if he was with hens. He moved circular, gobbling aggressively. I was overly confident he was in the bag. Suddenly, it sounded as if there were two gobblers. A jake and mature tom approached me. I’ve wondered why older toms hang out with jakes? Warrior gobblers learn to elude hunters and use various tricks. Some biologists believe it’s because an immature tom (jake) makes a mature tom look superior. Possibly a mature tom uses a jake as a pawn to help him avoid predators and human hunters? In any case, I was right! I noticed movement as one tom strutted in from my right. Shotgun in position. I purred, then clucked and he

March 11, 2016

But, mature toms are notorious for letting jakes check out potential hens. The jake was hot, gobbling as young toms do, circling me, looking everywhere. I didn’t call and let the young tom walk past before I shot the mature tom. Wild turkeys are predictable and stupid, right? I doubt this! Many hunting experiences will make you wilt like a dried oak tree leaf because gobblers teach hunters that every encounter is survival of the craftiest.

Mating desires inflame toms into competition, causing gobblers to become “goofy,” so to speak. Pay attention to nearby hens. A wary hen can ruin your hunt.  Photo by Greenie Grewell

Walleye Enforcement (From Page 17)

high-powered spotting scopes, they can watch fishermen at long ranges, including across the river. So even though they may not be standing next to you, spotting scopes allow officers to be there visually when they are actually positioned across the river. Communication also allows them to be in contact with other wildlife officers who cite game violators. Additionally, extensive documentation, including video and photography, is used to monitor those attempting to make a second trip to take home an extra daily creel limit. Along with the DNR officers, the local metropark rangers are very helpful and often assist the DNR law enforce-

The annual walleye runs on Lake Erie tributaries are among the most popular times of year for ground-bound anglers to catch their quarry. Photo by Brian Miller ment officers. Metropark rangers don’t check fish or licenses, but they are supportive of the efforts. Most often they will provide support when officers

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are making contacts. To ensure we continue to have the resource into the future, fishermen need to be supportive of the rules and regulations. With so many tourists, it’s important to respect the natural resource, obey the rules, and support our DNR. Here are three tips from the DNR law enforcement to ensure you have a successful fishing trip. • Avoid double trips Overbagging has become more of an issue in the past couple of years. With limits being lower in the spring, it is a big temptation to go back out a second time to catch more. During recent years, the DNR has stepped up enforcement on the double trippers. “The penalty is pretty hard,” Kurfis said. “Think of the resource, it is fantastic so we want to keep it around for many years.” • Snagged walleyes Catching a walleye anywhere but the mouth is considered snagging. That is a big no-no! That means if the hook is outside the mouth, then let it go because it’s not legal. If you mistakenly snag a walleye, immediately release it and you’re fine. • Stream litter If you pack it in, pack it out! Most offenders are people who are not packing out old fishing line with them. If you are tossing fishing line in the water or dropping large pieces, that’s considered littering. Kurfis indicated, of course, that “No one is getting a ticket for a foot or two of line that breaks off by mistake.” DNR officers have seen fishermen leave whole reels of line. That makes a mess for fishermen, strips the area of its natural beauty, and is littering.

March 11, 2016

Jig Fishing (From Page 24)

orient themselves close to structure, unless they are following schools of baitfish. If you’re after smallmouth bass, you’re dealing with rock and near-bottom presentations. Largemouth bass like several types of cover, everything from the pockets and edges of live weedbeds to the limbs and trunks of deadfalls; rocks are just as desirable, as are the shaded areas under docks and bridges. An effective depth depends on the height of the cover coming off of the bottom and where the cover is shaded. Panfish, much like the largemouth bass, can be all over the place, depending on the available cover. Walleyes and saugeyes are open-water species, moving about on any given day. Whether you’re after them in a lake or river, chances are you will find them close to the bottom, the exception being at night and on overcast days; it’s not that they swim to the surface as much as they move into shallow water. How fast or slow you can make a presentation depends on the weight and mass of the jig and whether the water is still or moving. A ¼-ounce jig is an all-around size. The next most common size is 1⁄8 ounce, a good size for slower presentations. More often than not, slower is better

than faster. Increasing the speed decreases the depth that the jig runs. Dragging, crawling, or bouncing a jig on or close to the bottom is more effective than simply reeling in at unknown depths in between. You can start a presentation slowly and speed up if the fish aren’t biting. Another option is to start out fast as a search pattern and then slow down when you find the fish. Monsoor prefers a baitcasting reel spooled with 12-pound test monofilament and a seven-foot rod with medium-heavy action. If you prefer a spinning reel, try 8-pound test with a 6½- to 7-foot rod in medium-heavy action for general purpose jigging or 6-pound test with medium action for lighter jigs. Jigs are not the best lure for every situation, but they have been around for a long time. A frog shortage in 1921 forced bass fanatics Urban Schreiner and Allen Jones to go to a local butcher to come up with a substitute from pig skin. In 1922 the Uncle Josh Bait Co. began, and the jig and pig are still going strong. So no matter what your pleasure, remember to keep the jig hooks sharp and replace them as needed. Jig tails can be your heart’s desire in terms of shape, size, and color. Stick to the basic colors of white for shad and minnow patterns or green pumpkin for crayfish if you’re not sure of color. Tails can be used as long as they will stay on straight.


Gobblers (From Page 35)

ing hen. You don’t always need to call to tag a spring gobbler. Never give up! Even when it’s 10 a.m. and you haven’t heard a gobble, don’t leave the woods. Possibly a gobbler has several hens with him and has no need to investigate your hen calls. But, after a gobbler has serviced receptive hens, these hens will go to nest and the gobbler will be on the prowl, searching for more hens. Many mature gobblers are taken from 10 a.m. until noon. Now’s the time to visually day scout open fields after legal hunting hours. If you can find his niche, sit and wait close to known travel routes when you’re hunting, such as logging roads, short-grass ridgelines, and open pastures. Don’t be afraid to experiment, either. Carry a variety of calls and use numerous calling tones. There are many facets to turkey hunting, as well as using calls. Move on him, if you can. Try sneaking backward, away from him, as if you’re a hen and unwilling to wait on him. If he responds by gobbling and moves toward you, sit down and wait patiently. Your extra efforts can pay off with success when hunting roosted toms. Obviously, weather and landscape topography dictate the selection of roost trees. But, during fair weather, turkeys prefer hardwoods growing on knolls at the edge of an elevated bench. These roosts offer a commanding view of the surrounding landscapes and afford clear fly-down sailing in many directions. Therefore, never forget the birds are above you. They can see, hear, and identify you easier. Throughout rugged landscapes, turkeys often fly into roost trees from high ridges, on the same level, or directly above their evening roosts. It’s much easier for turkeys rather than to fly up from below their tree perch. Within agricultural acreage, turkeys adapt to woodlots bordering crop fields. Thus, they can fly directly from morning perches to open landscapes with a degree of safety.

Page 37

Turkeys fly up into trees at dusk and often change limbs more than once before settling for the night. Their wing beats are noticeable but they aren’t always vocal at fly up. Vocalizations with fly up might be limited to cackles and occasional gobbling. But, neither is done with frequency. Roosting positions are often near the main trunk of the tree. And, more than one bird will roost in the same tree, even if they don’t associate during the day. Trees are important to turkey survival. Roost trees provide shade, off-the-ground safety from most predators, and food sources. Unfortunately for hunters, the epitome of frustration is a mature gobbler ambling on the ground between trees, making it difficult to take a shot. Thankfully turkeys don’t live in trees. They would be more difficult to tag!

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Page 38


Division of Wildlife Central Ohio – Wildlife District 1 • During the extra two days of the 2015 deer-gun hunting season, state wildlife officer Matt Teders, assigned to Madison County, was on patrol at Deer Creek Wildlife Area. Officer Teders observed a large group of hunters about to start a deer drive. Officer Teders checked the hunters. He observed two-way radios on most of the hunters and could hear others communicating on a channel. Officer Teders left the contact and turned his two-way radio to the hunters’ channel. Officer Teders listened as the hunters put on the drive. Over the radio he heard of a deer running down a creek. Soon after the radio traffic, officer Teders heard several shots from the group. Officer Teders called in state wildlife officers John Coffman and Josh Elster. After an investigation, it was determined that one hunter had killed a second deer before temporarily tagging the first deer. The investigation also revealed which hunter had spoken on the radio to let the other hunters know which way the deer was running. Radios can be used while hunting, but cannot be used to communicate deer movement. Two hunters were cited, one for harvesting a second deer before attaching a tag to the first, and the second for the use of a radio to communicate deer movements. The hunters paid $390 in fines and court costs. • During the 2015 deer-gun hunting season, state wildlife officers Tyler Eldred and Chad Grote conducted a patrol of a Morrow County property with ongoing hunting without permission complaints. Contact was made with three different hunting parties involving five hunters. Two hunters were issued summons for hunting without permission. It was determined that another person was hunting without permission, littered bottles and other trash, vandalized the property, and was not wearing the required hunter orange. Multiple citations were issued and the individuals were required to appear in Morrow County Municipal Court. The defendants paid more than $400 in fines and court costs, four days were served in the Morrow County jail with 56 additional days suspended, and two hunters lost their hunting privileges for two years. The Morrow County Sheriff’s Office assisted with the investigation.

Northwest Ohio – Wildlife District 2 • State wildlife officer Josh Zientek was on patrol in Fulton County when he was contacted by a township worker who discovered a large trash dump in a creek along a county road. During his investigation, Officer Zientek, found eight bags of household trash and several large boxes dumped in a creek along the remote road. Officer Zientek sorted through the trash and located the names of several suspects. Officer Zientek conducted an investigation, which revealed one of the suspects dumped the trash a few days before. Officer Zientek issued the suspect a summons to appear in Fulton County Western District Court for stream litter. The suspect was later found guilty and was ordered to pay $188 in fines and court costs, along with 60 hours of community service. • In October 2015, state wildlife officer Eric VonAlmen, assigned to Hancock County, was on patrol when he noticed an unoccupied

Cuffs & Collars Field

reports from

pickup truck with a dog box in the bed parked at a cooperative hunting property. While checking the parked vehicle, a dog was heard barking inside the woods. Officer VonAlmen observed a man with a rifle slung on his back and a squirrel dog walking through the woods. The individual disappeared into the brush, so officer VonAlmen waited at the vehicle for the hunter to exit. The man soon came walking down the road with the dog leashed and no rifle. The man stated he was simply walking his dog. Further investigation revealed the man was squirrel hunting and hid his rifle in the woods. The man had failed to purchase a hunting license. A citation was issued for hunting without a license, a misdemeanor of the fourth degree.


• In the fall, state wildlife officer Eric Moore, assigned to Medina County, was patrolling Spencer Lake Wildlife Area and the private property adjacent to it. He walked along one of the wildlife area’s boundaries and saw two individuals hunting on private property. Officer Moore identified himself and walked toward their location to make sure they had written permission from the landowner. The two hunters immediately turned around and ran back onto the wildlife area. Officer Moore pursued them on foot. The two hunters finally stopped running and were cautiously approached by officer Moore. Neither of them had permission to hunt the private property. Both were issued summonses for hunting without written permission, and later ordered to pay $709 in fines and court costs.

Southeast Ohio – Wildlife District 4 • During the extra two days of the 2015 deergun hunting season, state wildlife officer Jerrod Allison observed two hunters on private property in Coshocton County. Officer Allison received complaints about people hunting without permission on this property, so he made contact with the two hunters. They did not have written permission to be on the property, and further investigation revealed two other individuals were hunting with them. Officer Allison met the hunters at their vehicle on the next road over. As officer Allison drove to that location, he observed a second group of seven hunters on the same property. He made contact with those hunters, who also did not have written permission. All 11 hunters were issued tickets for hunting without permission and all were ordered to pay fines and court



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Northeast Ohio – Wildlife District 3 • During the early waterfowl season, state wildlife officer Aaron Brown, assigned to Wayne County, contacted a group of hunters and inquired about their hunt. The two adults stated they killed two birds, one green-winged teal and a mourning dove, which was also in season. Officer Brown checked their hunting licenses and migratory waterfowl stamps, and then asked to see the birds. When he looked in their boat he saw three birds, one of which was a green heron, a protected species. An investigation revealed that one of the men shot it thinking that it was a Virginia rail, a legal game bird. He was subsequently charged with taking a non-game bird and ordered to appear in Wayne County Municipal Court, and was later ordered to pay $163.

Wildlife, Watercraft Officers


REPORT OF THE WEEK Wildlife District 5

In the fall, Medina County Wildlife Officer Eric Moore was patrolling Spencer Lake Wildlife Area, including some private property adjacent to it. Moore walked along and saw two hunters on the private land. When officer Moore identified himself and started walking toward the subjects, they fled the area on foot. Officer Moore pursued them on foot and finally caught up with them. Neither subject had permission to hunt on this private property. Both were cited for hunting without permission and were later ordered to pay $709 in fines. costs in Coshocton Municipal Court. • For the last two deer seasons, antlerless permits were not available for use in Washington County. State wildlife officer Eric Bear and state wildlife officer supervisor Dan Perko contacted a male and a female who had used the permits during the 2015-2016 hunting season in the county. It was determined that the male suspect had used an antlerless permit to check in a deer, and the female had used an antlerless permit to check in a deer that was harvested by the male suspect’s son. The officers learned that the son had also harvested a second deer, and both deer were killed with a shotgun during the archery season. Four summonses were issued to the three suspects, and the firearm was taken as evidence. The case is pending in Marietta Municipal Court. Because of similar cases to this one, and for his hard work with the youth of Washington

(From Page 3)

wise intelligent people!”

tion: “(He) gave Russian Jews millions of your tax dollars.”

In other words, Nugent simply cannot grasp the damage and danger his pen and mouth pose to advancing the pro-Second Amendment agenda of the NRA membership.

Certainly I hold little regard for Bloomberg, a billionaire with a trillion-dollar-size ego. But Nugent’s screed that Bloomberg is an “Israeli agent” that helps fund that Middle East state goes well beyond simply being an embarrassment. It is hateful. It is uncalled for. It is unnecessary. And it is politically counterproductive to protecting the Second Amendment – a task now made more challenging because we the members of the NRA are letting our crazy uncle get away with his hate speech. News accounts do note that my wife and I are not alone in the pro-Second Amendment camp in denouncing Nugent’s horrid display of anti-Semitism. Not that it has done any good. When the founder of “Jews for the Preservation of Firearms Ownership,” Aaron Zelman, denounced Nugent’s unspeakable harangue, Uncle Ted fired back at the person he once said was “my American BloodBrother” with “How tragic that the self inflicted scourge of political correctness can blind so many other-

And don’t be fooled. The opponents of the Second Amendment have wasted no time in capitalizing on what Nugent refuses to accept: That words do hurt a good cause. No, it is time long past that the NRA’s membership insist that Uncle Ted be directed back to the cellar, the door closed, and there for him to be forgotten as one of the Anti-Second Amendment Lobby’s best weapons. Take note as well that if the NRA refuses to take action against Nugent, well, the organization will have seen the last $50 check from me for the organization’s upcoming political campaign. Even more, Bev and I will simply no longer renew our respective memberships once they become due. We can tolerate an embarrassing, lampshade-wearing uncle. What we will not do is facilitate a venom-filled one that spews the kind of hateful bile spewed by the likes of Ted Nugent. Jeffrey L. Frischkorn is a contributing writer and columnist for Ohio Outdoor News.

County, Officer Bear was recently recognized by the Ohio Bowhunters Association as that organization’s Officer of the Year.

Southwest Ohio – Wildlife District 5 • While patrolling in the Lake Loramie area, state wildlife officer Tim Rourke, assigned to Shelby County, was approached by a state park camp volunteer. The volunteer reported a bucket of dead fish had been left near a campground water spigot. Officer Rourke investigated and found the bucket to contain crappie noticeably shorter than the required nine-inch legal limit for the lake. Further investigation led officer Rourke to the camp of an Indiana man at the park. The man initially denied any knowledge of the fish. Further investigation revealed he had left the fish in the bucket. Subsequently, the individual was issued one summons for fishing without a nonresident fishing license, and another summons for taking undersized fish. He paid $205 in court fines.

Division of Watercraft Northeast – Cleveland Area Office • In December, watercraft officers were called to respond to a canoe that had capsized on the Grand River with three people in the water. The Grand River was running at flood stage, and the water temperature was 40 degrees. When officers arrived, two males and one female were being treated for hypothermia. All three people were aboard the canoe when they hit a log and flipped about 10 minutes into the trip. The two males were able to grab life jackets, but the female was not. The males assisted the female to shore. Once on shore, the paddlers were wandering around a private campground, and their hypothermia was impairing their ability to get help. A groundskeeper spotted the paddlers on a security camera and was able to get medical help immediately. Because of the conditions of the river and lack of white-water paddling experience, as well as the lack of appropriate gear, they were cited for reckless operation.

Northwest – Sandusky Area Office • While on patrol in Sandusky Bay in Lake Erie, a watercraft officer witnessed an operator of a small inflatable vessel operating in a restricted area on full plane as he passed under a bridge. The operator was stopped and was asked to provide required safety equipment. The operator did not have registration paperwork, a life jacket, or a sound producing device. The officer explained the violations and informed the operator that he would be receiving a citation for operating a vessel without sufficient size, type, or number of U.S. Coast Guard approved life jackets. The defendant said that he had been boating in the area for a long time and that he knew he should have the required equipment, but he did not think about it when he started out that day. The operator was issued warnings for the other equipment violations and restricted area violation, and he was then towed back to his dock where he was met by his children, all wearing life jackets.

March 11, 2016

Central – Alum Creek Area Office • While on patrol at Delaware State Park, a watercraft officer observed an adult male walking down the road dressed in camouflage. The officer observed the male for a short period of time before making contact with him for a hunting violation. Upon making contact with the individual, the officer advised him that it was unlawful to walk upon the roadway with a cocked and loaded crossbow and that he had to be at least 200 feet from the roadway before he could load the crossbow with his bolt. The officer gave the subject a warning.

Southeast – Scioto Area Office • In December, two watercraft officers were patrolling Tycoon Lake Wildlife area in Gallia County. While conducting a vessel safety inspection at the ramp, one of the officers noticed a vehicle pull out of a parking spot and drive onto a nondesignated grass area parking alongside three Amish buggies. After completing the vessel safety inspection, both officers approached the vehicle and made contact with the operator. The suspect was very moody and was very angry with the officers. With closer observation by the officers, they observed five other individuals lying on the ground around the horse buggies sleeping. One officer continued questioning the operator of the vehicle while the other officer walked over to the area where the other five suspects were sleeping. The officer noticed approximately 15-20 empty beer cans scattered on the grass. It took the officer several attempts speaking in a loud voice to wake the individuals up. The officer advised them that they were in a nondesignated area, and that their horse and buggies needed to be removed. There was clear damage to the grass and surrounding area caused by the horses being there overnight. The operator of the vehicle also admitted that some of the empty beer cans were consumed by him. The individuals also stated that the Gallia County sheriff had an officer sent out to the location due to a noise complaint the previous night. Several charges were filed with the suspects.

Southwest – Buck Creek Office • While patrolling Buck Creek State Park, a watercraft officer came across a young woman that had fallen off a personal watercraft. The officer immediately began helping the young woman. She had been in the water for approximately 30 minutes before the officer found her, and the water temperature was very cold. After some work and assistance, the young woman was taken back to shore, and the officer called for an ambulance to meet her. The officer asked her if she had taken an Ohio Boater Education Course, and she answered that she had not. Paramedics tended to the young woman’s health. The owner of the personal watercraft told the officer that he knew that the operator did not have the required training, but still allowed her to operate his boat. The officer cited the owner for allowing the operation of his watercraft when the person did not have a valid Ohio Boating Education Course.

Letters (From Page 3)

from homes and buildings are a poacher’s paradise, but from all the evidence I see something has to be done if we are to continue to enjoy our sport of deer hunting. One thing for sure is the insurance companies and the landowners complaining about deer damage have to be happy but not us hunters and all the businesses and people we’ll support with our money. Deer hunting is not cheap and we as hunters financially support many, we deserve to be considered!

Jeff Bonk New Franklin

Keep limits the same on Barkamp Lake I recently read an article in Ohio Outdoor News about the horsepower limit change at Acton Lake and in the article it said the DNR is thinking of doing the same at Barkamp Lake in Belmont County. This is crazy. I have fished Barkamp

since it was first stocked in the 1960s. There is no parking lot for trailers. I have fished it out of a row boat and a bass boat with a 225-horsepower motor. You do not need a gas motor on a 117acre lake. I fish this lake a couple of times a week with my mother, who is 84 years old. The elderly need a lake like this. I have no problem fishing Barkamp Lake all day with my trolling motor. For others, you only have to drive 30 minutes to other area lakes or the Ohio River and you can run any motor you want. We don’t need pontoons and pleasure boats idling along at Barkamp. The administration of the DNR now is destroying everything for the future. They’ve sold out to the gas and oil folks and the timber industry. I have four grandkids and I’m going to have to leave the state to take them fishing. There is more to life than gas tax money.

Monte McVay Shadyside

Fishing & Hunting Report

March 11, 2016


Page 39

Anglers hitting the open water to catch saugeye, crappie CENTRAL REGION Buckeye Lake (Fairfield, Licking, and Perry counties) — Expect the early spring crappie bite to turn on soon, particularly in the Thornport area. Fish for them six inches deep with 1⁄64- to 1 ⁄80-ounce jigs suspended under a bobber. Anglers might also try the north shore ramp, Fairfield Beach, or Seller’s Point for saugeyes. Some saugeyes have been caught recently in these areas. Alum Creek Reservoir (Delaware County) — Anglers fishing below the spillway here have had sporadic luck catching saugeyes. One angler reported catching a limit after dark with one specimen up to 20 inches. Try jig and minnow combos or jerkbaits in a variety of patterns. Deer Creek Lake (Madison, Fayette, and Pickaway counties) — A lot of anglers have fished the spillway over the past two weeks for crappies, ’gills, and saugeyes. Crappie and bluegill catches have been reported, but most fish are small. An occasional saugeye is being picked up in the 15-16-inch size range. Try jigs in orange, chartreuse, or white for the best bite. Tip the rig with a minnow or waxworm for better results. The largest saugeye being reported was a 21-incher. O’Shaughnessy Reservoir (Delaware and Franklin counties) — Anglers fishing below the dam here are catching smallmouth bass and saugeyes. Water levels have been good with a nice green stain to the water. Try jigs and twister tails in pink, chartreuse, or white for the best bite. Tip the rig with a minnow for better results. NORTHWEST REGION Grand Lake St. Marys (Auglaize and Mercer counties) — Anglers are

Report from the Dock

of hunting A forecast and summary

and fishing

the season is about t appears that ice fishing for be open water on to es tinu finished. There con s that we check on many of the impoundment is important to remember regularly for this report. It required as of March 1. that a new fishing license was Erie and its tributaries e Lak The walleye bag limit on rch 1 through April 30. also drops to four from Ma gth remains at The minimum keeper len s have all fin15 inches. Hunting season bits going out rab ished for the year, with ry. Coyotes rua Feb of last on the final day y game in onl the ut abo are s and wild pig w . Cro season is on town for hunters right now r in the spring. late a break and will return rn to its tworetu will This fishing report open water en wh il Apr in page format nities. offers anglers more opportu


reporting catching some crappies and bluegills on this western Ohio lake. Try the tried and true jig and minnow combination or just a simple waxworm under a bobber for best results. Some bass are also being caught by those anglers fishing for panfish. Maumee River (Lucas County) — As of March 1, wading to Bluegrass Island was possible, according to a report from Maumee Bait and Tackle. Fishing for walleyes on the Lake Erie tributary has been slow, however, with no fish brought into Maumee Bait as of March 1. The annual walleye run typically picks up around the end of March and continues into April. Stay tuned to Ohio Outdoor News for walleye run updates. Maumee Bait and Tackle, www.

Sunrise, Sunset Hours

The exact times of rising and setting of the sun in every county cannot be precisely computed. Therefore the times published will be the official times used and enforced by the DNR Division of Wildlife.

West Zone March 11: 6:56 am/ 6:41 pm March 12: 6:54 am/ 6:42 pm March 13: 7:52 am/ 7:43 pm March 14: 7:51 am/ 7:44 pm March 15: 7:49 am/ 7:45 pm March 16: 7:48 am/ 7:46 pm March 17: 7:46 am/ 7:47 pm March 18: 7:45 am/ 7:48 pm March 19: 7:43 am/ 7:49 pm March 20: 7:41 am/ 7:50 pm March 21: 7:40 am/ 7:51 pm March 22: 7:38 am/ 7:52 pm March 23: 7:37 am/ 7:53 pm March 24: 7:35 am/ 7:54 pm East Zone March 11: 6:45 am/ 6:28 pm March 12: 6:43 am/ 6:29 pm March 13: 7:42 am/ 7:31 pm March 14: 7:40 am/ 7:32 pm March 15: 7:38 am/7:33 pm March 16: 7:37 am/ 7:34 pm March 17: 7:35 am/ 7:35 pm March 18: 7:33 am/ 7:36 pm March 19: 7:32 am/ 7:37 pm March 20: 7:30 am/ 7:38 pm March 21: 7:28 am/ 7:39 pm March 22: 7:27 am/ 7:41 pm March 23: 7:25 am/ 7:42 pm March 24: 7:23 am/ 7:43 pm

Vektor Charts ™

Each daily graph starts with midnight on the left. The Vector Fish & Game Activity Tables are computer-generated timetables indicating when fish, game and other species will tend to be in daily feeding and migration patterns. The tables, which indicate peak times, are based on the combined positions of the sun and the moon. Major periods can run from an hour before to an hour after the peak time; minor periods peak a half-hour either way.

NORTHEAST REGION Conneaut Creek (Ashtabula County) — Conneaut Creek, one of the premier steelhead destinations in Ohio, is primed for the steelhead bite right now. Slushy conditions will be encountered, particularly in the morning hours, due to cold weather conditions. Try spawn sacs for the best steelhead bite. Mosquito Creek Lake (Trumbull County) — A few walleyes are being caught in this Trumbull County lake known for its decent fishing prospects. Other anglers are catching crappies and bluegills on waxworms or red worms. Also, jig and minnow combos can’t be beat in the spring. Try jigging the bait slowly in cold-water conditions. SOUTHWEST REGION Paint Creek Lake (Highland County) — The campground area of Paint Creek Lake is giving up good numbers of crappies, according to angler reports. Successful anglers are suspending minnows by a bobber in five to eight feet of water. Black and chartreuse jigs tipped with a minnow are also working well. The absolute best bite, however, is coming on chartreuse jigs with red flakes tipped with a minnow. C.J. Brown Reservoir (Clark County) — Anglers are taking advantage of winter dock fishing on this Clark County lake and being rewarded in some cases with some decent crappies and yellow perch. Crappies have ranged up to 11 inches, according to reports, and the perch have been 10 inches or less. Some bluegills have also been tossed into the mix by anglers fishing tiny jigs with tails or tipped with live bait. Rocky Fork Lake (Highland County) — A few lucky anglers have zeroed in on the crappie bite here in recent weeks. Anglers fishing around the island in 11 to 13 feet of water are seeing good results for crappies. Fish the humps in the lake for the best crappie bite. Fish are ranging a large 10 to 13 inches. SOUTHEAST REGION Dillon Lake (Muskingum County) — Anglers fishing a backwater pond off Dillon have had good luck catching pan-sized crappies. Fish have ranged from 10 to 13 inches. Some saugeyes are being caught at the spillway, too. Anglers have also had some luck fishing the dock poles off the main marina for saugeyes and crappies. Wills Creek Lake (Muskingum and Coshocton counties) — Anglers fishing below the spillway here are catching some saugeyes, some up to 20 inches. This 900-acre lake will give up crappies, bluegills, and saugeyes early in the spring.

When the weather warms, try for them with jigs and waxworms or simply waxworms under a bobber. The crappie fishing here can be excellent one day and poor the next. Fish for them with three- to four-inch grubs. Saugeyes will bite on Rapala Husky Jerks and Smithwick Rattlin’ Rogues. LAKE ERIE REGION

• The bag limit for walleye in Ohio waters of Lake Erie is four fish per angler. The minimum size limit for walleye is 15 inches. • The daily bag limit for yellow perch is 30 fish per angler in all Ohio waters of Lake Erie. • The trout and salmon daily bag limit is two fish per angler. The minimum size limit is 12 inches. Walleye Where: Walleyes have been caught west of Catawba Island near “F” can of the Camp Perry firing range, and south of Green Island and South Bass Island. How: Most walleye were caught by trolling with crankbaits or by jigging. In winter, highlight species targeted by anglers in Cleveland Metroparks include steelhead and stocked trout. Area rivers are currently flooded from recent rain and snow melt, but are now dropping in level. Several days without rain or snow melt could see the Rocky River in fishable shape again, so keep an eye on the flow data. Steelhead fishing was good during a brief window of favorable conditions earlier this week. Cleveland Metropark local ponds and lakes are offering plenty of open water to fish at this time. Area rivers are swollen and muddy from recent rain and snow melt, but are now dropping in level. A window of good conditions earlier in the last week of February saw anglers catching some quality size fresh steelhead, and following the next string of several days of relatively dry weather the river will be offering up more of the big silver trout. Anglers can expect some of the first lake run white suckers of the season to also show up in the near future. Dime to nickel size spawn sacs in brighter colors will be a top offering as the water first begins to clear from muddy to a greenish-brown stain. Steelhead are well distributed all the way up into both branches of the river at this time. Trout were stocked at Wallace (1,400 pounds), Shadow (750 pounds), Ledge (600 pounds), Judge’s (150 pounds), and Ranger (100 pounds) lakes in February. The lakes are offering open water for trout and panfish anglers. Trout have been biting on a variety of baits this week, with small jigging spoons and jigs tipped with maggots or waxworms being among the top producers. Please note the current seasonal trout regulations: Lake Erie and all streams: two per day, minimum size 12 inches (this includes steelhead); three per day, no size limit at Wallace, Ledge, Judge’s, and Ranger lakes; and five per day, no size limit at Shadow Lake and Ohio and Erie Canal. The first of many spring trout stockings in the East Branch Rocky River is planned for around late March this year, depending on river conditions at that time. Cleveland Metroparks,


At Greenup Dam, anglers are catching saugers, white bass, and catfish fishing along the Kentucky side. The best bite is coming on minnows. In the Meldahl pool, anglers are reporting catching hybrid stripers up to 20-plus inches. Some saugers are also being caught on floating jigs tipped with a minnow.


Lake St. Clair (Michigan) Poor ice conditions on Lake St. Clair were limiting access for anglers last week. There was between four and five inches of ice in many areas, but it was not hard, solid ice, and anglers were urged to use extreme caution. Those who were getting out reported catching a few perch in some of the canals. Light numbers of perch were being caught at Fairhaven, too. Light numbers of perch have been caught in the open water of the canals on the Detroit River at Gibraltar. Lakeside Fishing Shops, (586) 7777003

Irish Hills Area (Michigan) Ice was in fair shape last week. Anglers fishing on Wamplers Lake reported decent action, including one 2-pound crappie. A pike angler on Allen Lake reported catching a 16-pound northern. There was a couple of inches of snow on the ground. Coyote trapping has been pretty good. There was warm weather in the forecast, so be sure to call ahead for updated conditions. Knutson’s Sporting Goods, (800) 292-0857 or (517) 592-2786 Lake Erie tributaries (Erie County, Pa.) — During periods of open water last month, Elk Creek and other tribs were yielding fresh-run steelhead to egg sacs and emerald shiners. Presque Isle Bay (Erie County, Pa.) —The South Pier was yielding burbot in the late afternoon hours last month, while the water off Dobbins Landing produced some nice perch up to 14 and 15 inches on Subiki rigs and glow jigs. Some bay anglers reported catching a few bass and some bluegills. French Creek (Erie, Venango, Crawford, and Mercer counties, Pa.) — During periods of thaw, anglers were catching walleyes, including a 24-incher released on a chartreuse floating jig head tipped with a minnow. Pymatuning Reservoir (Crawford County, Pa.) — With ice “iffy” on the main lake for much of last month, some anglers turned to fishing the Shenango River below the dam and caught walleyes. Sugar Lake (Crawford County, Pa.) — As ice allowed this winter, anglers caught quality-size crappies, perch, and bluegills on jigs tipped with maggots and Swedish pimples. Shenango River Reservoir (Mercer County, Pa.) — As ice allowed last month, anglers were catching nice numbers of crappies. The tailrace was yielding walleyes, an occasional northern pike, and rainbow trout. Numbers of trout were reported in the outflow. Neshannock Creek (Mercer County, Pa.) — Anglers are reminded that the delayed harvest section of this scenic stream has been classified this year as a Keystone Select Stocked Trout Waters stream, meaning it will receive an allotment of trophy-size trout before trout season. Kahle Lake (Venango County, Pa.) — As ice allowed last month, some anglers caught bluegills and some nice crappies, while one fisherman reported a bass on a teardrop. Allegheny River (Pennsylvania) — In high water around Franklin last month, an angler reported catching smallmouth bass up to 19-plus inches on a crankbait, and walleyes up to 25 inches on a jerkbait. Other anglers caught walleyes near Oil City on jigs tipped with minnows. Catfish also were reported. Lake Ontario and tributaries (New York) — Best bet at last look was Eighteenmile Creek and Burt Dam at that end of the lake. Fish a small jig under a float. Tip the jig with a waxworm and you should be able to catch some fish. It will be dependent upon water conditions. Rains should draw in more steelhead and brown trout. No other reports were available. Dates for the Lake Ontario Pro-Am Tournament have been set for May 20-22. Early information and entry form has been posted on Lake Erie and tributaries (New York) — First there was snow, then rain. Fishing options may be limited. Try the fishing platform in Dunkirk for trout with minnows under a float. You can also cast hardware. With warmer temperatures in the forecast, snow will be melting and filling those tribs up. Fishing should be good when things settle down. Upper Niagara River (New York) — Slush and ice was hampering casting consistency. Nothing new to report. Lower Niagara River (New York) — The Lower Niagara River continued to be very susceptible to high winds on Lake Erie and conditions can change overnight. If that water is too muddy, look for the shoreline to clear first. However, the river had 18 inches of visibility and a nice green color.

Page 40



March 11, 2016

Photo by Larry Smith

• It’s red fox mating season. Listen for barks and screams during the night. • Robins survive on sumac and hackberry fruit until earthworms appear. • Wood duck pairs begin searching for nesting cavities.

Coastal Redwoods


alifornia is known for sunny beaches, Hollywood, Disneyland, and majestic mountains. I believe the state has some of the most beautiful places on earth and most amazing wildlife. I am always searching for the unusual thing that’s less flashy, so I headed for the coastal redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens) – the world’s tallest trees! You really need to stand at the base of these magnificent trees to understand their grandeur.

FRIENDLY FINCHES. A flock of some 50 common redpolls has been enjoying Steve and Marge Kulik’s hospitality all winter. “About a minute after I fill the feeders, the birds fly in,” Steve reports.

FRUIT FANS. A group of ruffed grouse (can you see all four?) spent some time swallowing hawthorn fruits in Charlie Huber’s tree.

ICY EYES. Rita Tepley snapped a common grackle, unusual in this region in winter, with ice crystals around its eyes, the only part exposed on a very cold day.

‘PILEATED CORNER’ STEELY GAZE. This male pileated woodpecker seems to be challenging Bob Drieslein to take his photo.

Because of the desirable wood, over-cutting nearly wiped out the redwoods. Few coastal valleys contain redwood trees today. Fortunately, the U.S. government has preserved most of what remains for future generations to see and admire.

TRUNK TOUR. Art Christenson caught these two female pileated woodpeckers (they lack the male’s red mustache) spiraling around a tree.

My visit to these sentinels of the forest left me awestruck. Just imagine what these massive trees have seen in their 1,000-plus year lives!


Decibels Rise n LaVancher

Photo by Shau

walked out the back door early on a February morning and was almost bowled over by a male northern cardinal’s enthusiastic calls. He was perched nearby in the predawn light and made it known that this was his territory. I enjoyed his loud, jackhammery calls, and if I were another cardinal I would certainly have paid heed to this sound – and the cardinal’s lovely springtime song, the “wha-cheer,” repeated from the top of a tree. This, too, is an announcement that “this real estate is taken” to other males, while the message to females is something like, “I’m a strong, healthy bird and will be a good provider.” After a long, silent winter, birds are starting to sing again. One of the most extravagant songsters at this time of year is the male house finch, whose operatic notes can brighten any day. Goldfinches are vocal as they feast on birch catkins and cling to feeders, communicating about the food, their flock, and their place in it. Juncos are chattering away and soon will be moving north to breed.

Woodpeckers aren’t songbirds, but they make themselves heard: Males drum on resonant surfaces (hollow trees, metal flashing, wood siding, etc.) to draw a female in and warn other males away. This springtime drumming is very important to their courtship ritual and generally doesn’t make holes in trees or homes. Woodpeckers also engage in early spring chases, with males attempting to drive off male intruders or entice females.

These giant trees produce amazingly small cones. Each year in January, the trees produce thousands of tiny pollen-bearing male cones and even smaller seed-bearing female cones. Redwoods also clone themselves by underground roots. If the mother tree dies, tiny nodes on the roots will sprout around the base of the dead parent tree. When this happens, a so-called fairy ring grows because new trees sprout around it. New trees can grow more than six feet in one year with suitable moisture and light. Don’t confuse coastal redwoods with the giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), a similar tree that grows only in the Sierra Nevada mountains, mostly at Sequoia National Monument and at a handful of other national parks. All of these locations are well away from the coast. The giant sequoias are just as massive and as old, but can withstand freezing temperatures, unlike the redwoods.

• Goldfinches are beginning their spring molt and are eager for extra calories.

A TAD EARLY? The eastern bluebird who appeared during a storm in Richard Carlson’s backyard either has returned early or stuck around all winter, dining on dried fruit.

The coastal redwoods grow along a narrow band of the coast for about 450 miles, from the northern border of California down to just south of San Francisco. The trees are restricted to what is called the “fog belt,” a strip of the coast extending inland about 25 miles where dense fog forms from the clash of the ocean water temperature and the warm air above it. The fog bathes the landscape and the giant trees for a good part of the year. The water in the fog condensates on the surface of the needles and drips off to keep the soil moist, allowing these drought-sensitive trees to survive. One of the oldest-living trees, many redwoods easily reach 1,000 to 1,200 years old. Some top 2,000 years. (The record was approximately 2,200 years!) During this long life, they produce wood at one of the highest rates of all trees. A 1995 study figured that redwoods produce about 1,400 metric tons of wood per acre. The wood is strong and decay resistant, making it desirable for all sorts of items, such as outdoor furniture, fencing, and roofing.

• Skunk cabbage pushes through snow in the woods.

FLYING SOLO. Phyllis Terchanik calls this peregrine falcon her town’s “most eligible bachelor”: He’s been arriving in winter, and leaving each spring. He was hatched in an unmonitored nest in the wild, as evidenced by his lack of leg bands.

The sound of claws scratching on tree bark is another pre-spring sound, as gray squirrels engage in lengthy tree-trunk chases. Males run after other males to drive them away. Any day now we’ll hear the familiar “thock, thock” call of the eastern chipmunk, and we’ll know those little rodents think spring has arrived. Nature’s sound level is increasing, and that’s good news for all of us waiting for the start of the coming season. Your photos are welcome. l images to Send prints to address below and digita Val Cunningham’s email address.

FEISTY FALCON. “Punching above its weight,” a male kestrel chases a red-tailed hawk out of its territory, and Terry Werneth was lucky enough to be on hand for the show.

CONTACT INFORMATION: • Ohio Outdoor News: Attn: Backyard and Beyond P.O. Box 1010, Delaware, OH 43015

Outdoor Market Spinning Reel

March 11, 2016

(From Page 22)

gles. Starting out with a bit less line is a good idea until you learn the limits of your reel. Casting a spinning reel is not as easy as a spincast, but easier than a baitcast. Hand placement will make you an expert. If you’re right-handed, the reel seat post goes between your two middle fingers, but some anglers prefer the third finger and pinky. The right hand does not leave this position, as this is the commanding hand that is not removed from the rod when casting or retrieving. The right index finger controls the line, which controls the cast. The proper hold is your index finger positioned comfortably above the bail. The index finger reaches down and pulls the line straight up from the spool with the tip of the finger, holding it for the arc of the cast. If your hand on the reel seat is positioned too far back, you can easily pull the line back against the face of the reel with your finger. Worse yet is reaching over with the left hand and pulling the line up to your right index finger. When you pull the line back across the reel face with the opposite hand, your chance of snagging the bail is pretty good. You’ll know it immediately when the bail immediately snaps shut and the lure lands at your feet – the line may break if it has any weak spots. There is no need to change hands when using a spinning reel, which is why the original design was other-hand cranking. The left hand should be used to power the cast at the bottom of the rod butt, reduced

TITANIUM TIP STICK FROM BEAVER DAM FIRST OF ITS KIND Beaver Dam is known for the best tip up on the planet so it’s no surprise that they enter the ice rod and combo market with guns blazing and tips glowing. The new Titanium Tip Stick is the first rod that comes standard with a built-in, retractable, no memory, titanium spring bobber so anglers can switch from jigging Kastmaster’s for walleyes with the tip recessed, to finessing panfish with the tip extended. The rod is made of High Modulus carbon fiber and comes with a fitted cork reel seat with built-in rattles that transmit fish-attracting vibrations below the ice. Why go to the fish when you can draw them into to you! The Tip Stick is three rods in one: • Ultra-light jigging for panfish • Retract spring bobber for gamefish • Deadsticking The Tip Stick is available in 23” ultralight, 26” medium light, and 29” medium actions and does come in a combo that includes custom ice-specific spinning reel. Hard & Soft Fishing has grown to represent nearly every tackle category on the market for both ice and open-water fishing. For more information on all their products, visit

today to a cork stubble. The left hand is used to open and close the bail. Yes, close the bail as soon as the lure hits the water, if not slightly before. Spinning reels have a trip lever to automatically close the bail as the rotor swings around, and that is where the slack in your line begins. If you want to put slack in your line and start forming those aggravating loops that can ruin a day of fishing, let the bail close automatically. Loose and twist-

ed line is what gives spinning reels a bad name. Manually closing the bail with the opposite hand at every cast is a big help, as is using a swivel whenever possible. Do not overfill the spool, and change the line often, unless it’s braid. Last but not least, never crank the reel when a whale is pulling line out against the drag, or you will surely take line twist to a new level.




Relax & Enjoy great fishing! We offer cottages with a/c and cable, free docking w/launch on site and free firewood! 315-375-8962

READERSHOT PHOTO FORM Please include this form with your photo. Photos with this form included will receive first consideration to be published. PLEASE INCLUDE SELF-ADDRESSED STAMPED ENVELOPE IF YOU WANT YOUR PHOTO RETURNED.

Weed Gator


People in photo (L to R):________________________________


1. Toss/sink 2. Retrieve 3. Unload



Address:__________________________________________ City/State/Zip:________________________________________________

For Pond & Lake Weed Removal

Note: Not Dangerously Sharp

Phone:___________________________________________ Was fish

Page 41


No released? Date of kill/catch:_____________________________________

Made in Pinconning Michigan

Type of game/fish:____________________________________

Performs C-P-R on Your Waterfront

Method used:_______________________________________

Cuts • Pulls • Rakes

(Rifle, bow, spinner bait etc.)

Where was it taken:___________________________________


(Name of the lake, river, or city near the hunt)

Other pertinent info:___________________________________

_______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ PLEASE DO NOT PUT SUBSCRIPTION FORMS IN WITH YOUR PHOTOS.

Photo composition is the most important aspect of a good shot. No beer cans or cigarettes/ cigars in photos. Do not hold fish by eyes or gills. Stringer shots and hanging deer shots are not accepted. Shirtless subjects not accepted. Outdoor News receives large numbers of photos and will attempt to publish* every photo, but it may take a while. This form is for general reader photos. Specific photo contests will have their own form. Send to:

! New

P.O. Box 1010, Delaware, OH 43015

You may now submit your photo online to be published in Ohio Outdoor News. Just go to and click on “Submit your Photos for Print”

*Published photos are totally at Ohio Outdoor News discretion.

Gear & Gadgets ATLAS SUPREME GLITTER EGG Supreme Glitter Eggs give you that shimmer and shine of glitter that trout can’t resist! They are a special sugarured egg with heavy milking action! These will stay on hook cast after cast! What makes these eggs supreme? It starts with a premium grade egg. Then Atlas uses a unique process that makes these eggs worthy of the name Supreme. The eggs are specially processed to produce a soft, gooey center that actually milks out into the water. This slow, milking process has already been a proven trout-catcher with our Mr. Trout line. To make it even better, we’ve added glitter! The reflection from the glitter attracts trout and brings them closer to strike! Trout, Salmon and Steelhead anglers have been counting on Atlas-Mike’s to help fill their stringers for years. AtlasMike’s Bait, Inc. has been field testing, developing and marketing quality products to fishermen for over 80 years and are still going strong! Salmon eggs, floating trout baits, marshmallow baits, fish attractants, bait cures, and salmon/steelhead accessories have long been a part of their product line up. Every angler is looking for an edge; tip the odds in your favor with Atlas-Mike’s! For more information on the complete line, visit

IN-LINE FOUR V MAX SHO OUTBOARDS V Max Sho® performance just got leaner and meaner. Meet the exciting new 2.8L I-4 V Max Sho 175. Its streamlined design conceal a next-gen tech package with a 16-valve double-overhead cam, variable camshaft timing and electronic fuel injection. In other words, they deliver the exhilarating hole shot and top speed of a two-stroke with the efficient advantages of a four-stroke. At just 480 pounds, it is ideal for smaller bass boats, flats boats, bay boats and other performance hulls. The competitive V Max Sho 175 produces class-leading top speed. On an 18-footer with tournament load and two anglers, it hit a whopping 62 mph. The V Max Sho 175 delivers the incredibly efficient, clean and quiet performance you expect from a four-stroke. Using up to 40 percent less fuel than a traditional carbureted two-stroke, the savings alone should be enough to get you on board. From its 16-valve DOHC powerhead to its twin counterbalancing shaft, each feature of the 2.8L V MAX SHOs is efficiently engineered for smooth, quiet performance. Visit for more information.

CAPTURE YOUR HUNT WITH YOUR PHONE The GameStick will mount any cell phone to any cylinder such as a rifle or crossbow, bow, scope, tree stand, branch, etc. Why pay hundreds of dollars for poor quality action cams when you can use your own high-quality smart phone! You can see where you hit or even miss the game. You can also see the time, text or play on the Internet all while being ready if that monster steps out! Don’t miss your hunt. Get a GameStick! The Gamestick was inspired by a hunter who wanted to video his daughter’s hunt, but didn’t want to buy an expensive or poor quality camera. He started using his cell phone, but needed hands free to help her… The GameStick was invented! Visit us online at www.GameStickLLC. com.

THE EDGE SERIES Available in a 185 or 175, the new Edge series is serious about family fun. Whether you spend your mornings doing some fishing or afternoons pulling the kids on skis, consider this multifunction boat, the new SUV on the water, it can do it all. Loaded with storage, comfortable jump seats, 4 speaker stereo, plenty of rod storage, aerated livewell, and much more, the new Edge series can please everyone. Top to bottom, Alumacraft has the perfect boat to make your days on the water the best they can be. Below the waterline is where the ride begins. The exclusive 2XBTM full-length, twinplated hull offers twice the strength and protection from the bow to the transom. A superior hull design dramatically reduces sound and vibration without compromising agility, and our oversized, full-length spray rails ensure a clean, dry ride. Above the waterline is where comfort adds value. All the amenities you expect — and deserve — from a top-of-the-line fishing boat. For more information on the Dominator series and all Alumacraft models, go to

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April 16: Mill Creek WTU Banquet, 5 p.m., Saxon Club, Youngstown. For more info call John Kopcsos, 330-757-9020.

Fork Office, 8 a.m.-5 p.m., East Fork Watercraft Classroom. For more info call 513-734-2730. March 21-23: ODNR Boater Ed, Watercraft Maumee Bay Office, 5-9 p.m., Bass Pro Shop, Rossford. For more info call 419-836-6003. March 26: ODNR Boater Ed., Watercraft Scioto County Office, 8 a.m.-5 p.m., Scioto County Watercraft Office. For info call 740-353-7668. April 2: ODNR Boater Ed., 9 a.m.-5:30 p.m., Cleveland Watercraft Office. For more info call 216-361-1212. April 5-19: ODNR Boating Ed., Akron Office, 6-9 p.m., Lake Milton Community Building. For more info call 330-644-2265. April 9: ODNR Boater Ed., Alum Creek Office, 8 a.m.-5 p.m., Buckeye Lake Watercraft Office. For more info call 740-548-5490. April 9: ODNR Boater Ed., East Fork Watercraft Classroom, 8 a.m.-5 p.m., East Fork Watercraft Office. For more info call 513-734-2730. April 9: ODNR Boater Ed., Springfield Watercraft Office, 8 a.m.-5 p.m., Springfield Watercraft Office. For more info call 937-3231582. April 9: ODNR Boat Trailering Ed., 8 a.m.-noon, Alum Creek Watercraft Office. For more info call 740-548-5490. April 16: ODNR Boat Trailering Ed., Buckeye Lake Office, 8 a.m.-noon, Deer Creek State Park Harding Cabin. For more info call 740-548-5490. April 16: ODNR Boater Ed., Ashtabula Watercraft Office, 9 a.m.-5 p.m., Gander Mountain, Mentor. For more info call 440-9640518. April 16: ODNR Boater Ed., East Fork Watercraft Office, 8 a.m.-5 p.m., Rocky Fork State Park Activity Center. For more info call 513-734-2730.

April 16: Appalachian Mountain WTU Banquet, 5 p.m., The Sunroom. For more info call Tari Myers, 740-779-0773.


March 11: Greene County DU Banquet, 6 p.m., Greene County Fairgrounds, Assembly Hall. For more info call Bill Karolyi, 937-862-4740. March 12: Southern Ohio Dog & Game WTU Banquet, 5 p.m., at the Club. For more info call Jeff Erdman, 513-200-7439. March 12: Wayne County DU Banquet, 5:30 p.m., Memories Party Center. For more info call John Wesalowski, 330-317-6814. March 12: Erie-Ottawa-Sandusky PF Banquet, 5:30 p.m., Camp Perry Clubhouse, Oak Harbor. For more info call Joe Uhinck, 419-898-1595. March 18: First Baptist Church Troy Sportsman Banquet. For more info call Wayne Evenden, 937-710-3826. March 19: Caesar Creek WTU Banquet, 5 p.m., Warren County Fairgrounds, Lebanon. For more info call Kevin Woods, 937-704-4138. March 19: Northern Ohio SCI Banquet, 4 p.m., Knights of Columbus, Massillon. For more info call Scott Powell, 330-416-9710. March 19: Kokosing River NWTF Banquet, Floral Valley Community Center. For more info call Barry Coffing, 740-485-1493. March 19: South Central Ohio NWTF Banquet, Amvets Post #61. For more info call Roger Smithson, 937-403-4613. March 19: Logan County NWTF Banquet, 5 p.m., Eagles Lodge, Bellefontaine. For more info call Heath Zwieble, 937-726-6610. March 25: Big Buckeye WTU Banquet, 5 p.m., Pritchard Laughlin Civic Center, Cambridge. For more info call Chris Fausett, 740-680-2119. March 26: West Central Ohio WTU Banquet, 5 p.m., Romer’s Catering, Celina. For more info call Steve Feathers, 765-702-3209. March 26: Jackson Bowhunters WTU Banquet, 5 p.m., Canters Cave, Jackson. For more info call Missy Warrens, 740-418-0560. April 2: Central Ohio WTU Banquet, 4:30 p.m., Crowne Plaza, Columbus North, Columbus. For more info call Brandon Showen, 937-725-9349. April 2: Licking Valley WTU Banquet, 5 p.m., Moundbuilders VFW Post 1060, Newark. For more info call Matt Gayheart, 740-334-7256. April 2: Heart of Ohio NWTF Banquet, 6 p.m., All Occasions Catering & Banquet Hall. For more info call Rod Edler, 740-387-3760. April 9: Northwest Ohio WTU Banquet, 3 p.m., The Cube, Findlay. For more info call Tom Young, 419-348-0373. April 9: Killbuck Valley WTU Banquet, 5 p.m., Buckeye Event Center, Dalton. For more info call Brad Posten, 330-317-9198. April 9: DU Banquet, 7 p.m., Galaxy Banquet Center. For more info call Edward Cipar, 330336-6406. April 9: Fayette County NWTF Banquet, 5 p.m., Fayette County Fairgrounds. For more info call Penny Johnson, 740-335-5436.

Ohio Outdoor News would like to list your upcoming banquet or event in our Outdoor Calendar. We need the date, time, place, organization name, how many people will be attending, a phone number where the public can call for more information and your name and address.

Ohio Outdoor News will contribute newspapers for distribution at your banquet and free subscriptions to give as door prizes. Please mail the information at least four weeks prior to your event to: Ohio Outdoor News

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April 15: Zanesville Friends of NRA Banquet, 6 p.m., Prophets Park. For more info call Don Pagath, 740-674-6364.

April 16: Buckhaven Learning Center, Inc. Banquet, 5 p.m., American Legion, Wooster. For more info call Heidi Meshew, 330-464-3055.

Education/Seminars March 12: ODNR Boater Ed., Watercraft Akron Office, 9 a.m.-5 p.m., Exploration Gateway, Canton. For more info call 330-644-2265. March 12: ODNR Boater Ed., Watercraft Springfield Office, 8 a.m.-5 p.m., Springfield Watercraft Office. For more info call 937-3231582. March 12: ODNR Boater Ed., Watercraft Sandusky Office, 8 a.m.-5 p.m., Sandusky Watercraft Office, 419-621-1402. March 13: ODNR Boater Ed., Watercraft Ashtabula Office, 9 a.m.-5 p.m., Gander Mountain, Mentor. For more info call 440-9640518. March 19: Ross County Conservation League Hunter Ed., 8 a.m.-4 p.m., at the Club. For more info call Clyde Hertenstein, 740-701-4540. March 19: ODNR Boater Ed., Watercraft East

Now-March 27: North Lawrence Fish & Game Club, Turkey Shoot, 8 a.m. For more info call Sheryl Powell, 330-416-9786. Now thru April 2016: Hog Creek Game Club, Sporting Clay Shoot, 3rd Sun. of Month. 9 a.m.2 p.m. For more info call Justin Schick, 419234-1969. March 20, April 10, 14: Fairfield Fish & Game turkey shoots, 11:30 a.m. For more info call Robert Wall, 740-862-8679. March 20, April 17, May 15, June 19, July 17, Aug. 21: Leipsic Fishing & Hunting 3D Bowshoot, 9 a.m.-1 p.m., reg. For more info call Ben Warnimont, 419-615-8031. April 2-3: Ohio Society of Traditional Archers, Archery Shoot, 9 a.m.-2 p.m., Apache Bow Hunters, Lockbourne. For more info call Matt Fout, 740-648-5493. * * * Beaver Creek Sportsman Club, Events, 14480 Washingtonville Rd., Washingtonville, 44490. For more info call Glenn, 330-770-8027. Every Mon.: Turkey Shoot, reg. 6 p.m. * * * Hocking Valley Sportsmans Club Shoots. For more info call Victor Howdyshell, 740-753-3492. 3rd Sat. of every month: 3D Bow Shoot, 8 a.m. April thru Sept. * * * Coshocton County Sportsmen’s Club 2015 Schedule of Shoots. For more info call Karl Steiner, 740-763-2243. Every Tues.: Open trap. * * * Allen County Archers, H. Kelley, 8 South Seltzer Street, Wapakoneta, 45895. For more info call Howard Kelley, 419-953-2861. 3rd Sat. each Month: 3D Archery Shoot. * * * Bolivar Sportsman’s Club Shoots, 11286 Bolivar Strasburg Rd. NW, Bolivar, 44612. for more info. 2nd Sunday Sept.-April: Lucky X Shoots, 8 a.m. 4th Sunday Sept.-April: 3D Archery Shoots, 8 a.m. Every Fri: Trap shoot, 6:30-10 p.m. * * *

March 11, 2016

Lake Milton Fish & Game, 4374 Bedell Rd. Berlin Center, 44401. For more info call Dennis, 330-414-5795. March 26-27, April 23-24, May 21-22, 28-29, * * * Apache Bowhunters 2016 Schedule. For more info or call Jerry, 614-878-3507. April 2-3: Osta Traditional Archery Shoot.

Season Dates

April 16: Youth hunt spring wild turkey season opens. April 17: Youth hunt spring wild turkey season closes. April 18: Spring wild turkey season opens statewide.


. March 11-13: Ohio Deer & Turkey Expo, Fri. 2-9 p.m., Sat. 9 a.m.-7 p.m., Sun. 9 a.m.-4 p.m., Ohio Expo Center. Stop by the Outdoor News booth. for more info. March 12: Crown City Bassmasters Outdoor Show, 9 a.m.-2 p.m., Dryden Fire Station, Dryden. For more info call Jeff Pettibone, 607659-7654. March 12-13: Ohio Decoy Collectors & Carvers

Assoc. Show, Sat. 9 a.m.-4 p.m., Sun. 9 a.m.-3 p.m., Holiday Inn, Strongsville. For more info call Robert Lund, 419-874-3671.

Special Events

. March 19: District 8 Science Fair, 9 a.m.-3 p.m., Ohio University Lancaster Campus. For more info call Diane Gabriel, 614-570-4462. March 19: Buckeye Outdoor Youth Education & Shooting Center, Reverse Raffle, 6 p.m., Moose Hall, Barberton. For more info call Harvey Bechtel, 330-620-6909. March 23: Ohio Boating Summit, 8:45 a.m.-4 p.m., Nationwide & OH Farm Bureau 4-H Ctr. For more info call Dawn Potter, 614-265-6412. April 7-10: Lorain County Casters, Fishing Tackle Flea Market, Thurs. & Fri. 9 a.m.-7 p.m., Sat. 8 a.m.-6 p.m., Sun. 9 a.m.-5 p.m., New Russia Township Hall. For more info call 440988-9264.


Hubbard Conservation Club meets 2nd Wed. of every month. For more info call Mike 330534-4895. Gallia County Conservation Club meets 2nd Wed. of each month, 6:30 p.m., Gallia County Gun Club. For more info call Eric Clary, 740208-1498.


Charles Bailey (left), of Carlisle, and Joe Lowe, are shown with a buck shot in Vinton County in 1968. Photo courtesy of Charles Bailey

Remembering Photos

Have a hunting or fishing photo from 1985 or older? Send it to Remembering, c/o Ohio Outdoor News, P.O. Box 1010 • Delaware, OH 43015. Please identify everyone in the photo if possible and the year the photo was taken. We will return all Remembering photos after they are published. Or you may email images and info to don@

CROSSWORD PUZZLE Eric Jacob, of New Richmond, sent in these images from his trail camera placed on a farm in Dearborn County, Indiana. The buck still has a clump of brush on his head from bedding down all day.

Trail Camera Photos

Have an interesting photo on your trail camera? Ohio Outdoor News is looking for weird and unusual sightings from our readers. Not all trail camera photos submitted will be published. Send images to Trail Camera Photos, c/o Ohio Outdoor News, P.O. Box 1010, Delaware, OH 43015, or send them to don@ Please include your name, hometown, and the town or county where the photo was taken along with any other interesting details of the image you collected from your trail camera.

Catch Ohio Outdoor News Editor Mike Moore and Outdoor Writer and host of “The Buckeye Sportsman” Dan Armitage on the radio each weekend on one of these radio stations.

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Across 1 Saltwater fish like a seabass 5 Squirrel’s love 7 Do you take this bride answer

(2 words) 9 Top dog 11 Watery attractions 12 Hurried

13 Arriving soon 14 Bottle that keeps drinks hot 15 Moved slowly and carefully 16 Fisherman’s 10-pounder, e.g. 19 Damp 20 Kind of bass 23 Scull tool 24 ___ carte (2 words) 25 Wintry mounds Down 1 A loop around a trigger 2 Fish-eating hawks 3 Added a new tree, say 4 Winchester, e.g. 5 Without a cap on number of fish caught (2 words) 6 Walrus features 8 Prosecutor, for short 10 Laughter sound 15 Direction of the sunrise 16 Reddish wood 17 Where it’s ___ 18 Rabbit relatives 19 Fuse, as metal 21 Beat a retreat 22 Wolf foot 23 Not hitting the target See Answers on Page 41

March 11, 2016


Dry Rub Venison

Stuffed Portobello Mushrooms

Page 43

Taste of the Wild

from Outdoor News

Dry Rub Ingredients:

Chef Eileen Clarke

Photos by Eileen Clarke

About the Chef:

Eileen Clarke is the author of nine critically acclaimed wild game cookbooks, including “Slice of the Wild,” an all biggame bullet-to-fork guide, and “Sausage Season,” a step-by-step, foolproof guide to making wild sausage. Check them out at or call (406) 521-0273 to order. Years ago a friend asked me this: If he salted his deer steaks before cooking, would it make the meat drier? He’d read somewhere that it would. My answer was that no, it made no difference. But years later, after making a lot of sausage, I wished I’d another chance to answer that question. It does make a difference, but it’s a good difference. Sausage makers know that letting salt sit on the meat for 24 hours before mixing breaks down meat proteins. In sausage, the breakdown creates the bond between fat and lean and the signature creamy texture of good sausage. In a dry rub, it tenderizes the meat, noticeably, letting you use pretty tough cuts for fast-cooking dishes instead of the same old boring stew and chili. The salt does nothing for hard sinew (the stuff you can’t see through) so you still have to trim that stuff away, but salt does an amazing job on the actual meat. This recipe is a great example. Apply this rub to some tough old steak you’ve been avoiding – 48 hours should work. Then treat yourself to a gooey, delicious dinner of tender, tasty venison with creamy smoked Gouda, piled on a portobello mushroom. Even people who don’t like mushrooms love this.

Cooking Instructions:

1 pound venison steaks 1 teaspoon salt 1 teaspoon dry leaf marjoram ¼ teaspoon dry mustard powder ¼ teaspoon coarse ground black pepper Mix the dry rub. Slice the meat into thin strips, sprinkle the dry rub over both sides of the strips, then cover tightly and refrigerate 48 hours.

Additional Ingredients: 2 tablespoons oil 1 onion, sliced thin ¼ cup chicken broth 6 portobello mushrooms Sauerkraut 6 to 8 ounces smoked Gouda, sliced thin Honey mustard

1. Preheat the oven to 400 F. In a large skillet, heat the oil over medium heat; add the dry-rubbed steak strips. Cook until the first side gets nicely browned, about 2 to 3 minutes, then turn them and add the onions. 2. Continue cooking until the onions start to brown. Add the chicken broth and let that cook down until most of the liquid is gone, but the meat and onions are still quite moist – about 8 to 10 minutes, total. Remove the meat and onions from the heat. 3. To assemble: Rub the outside of each mushroom with a bit of oil. Set them stem side up on a foil-lined cookie sheet, and remove the stem. On each mushroom, spread 2 tablespoons of honey mustard, then 2 tablespoons of sauerkraut (drained a bit so it’s not soupy). Divide the meat/onion mixture among the mushrooms. There are at least two ways to slice an onion. If you’re not using the whole onion at 4. Bake about 5 minutes, uncovered, once, the leftover part will stay fresher longer if you cut from the stem end first, and leave the root intact. (Wrap that in plastic wrap tightly and refrigerate.) then place a slice of smoked Gouda on each mushroom. Continue cooking But cutting it across the grain means short pieces of onion, and I love long strips of onion in dishes like this (it just looks more dramatic). The only way another 8 to 10 minutes, until the cheese to get nice long strips of onion is to slice them from pole to has melted. pole. Since the meat is already in strips, it makes the onions Find us on at Serve hot. look like they belong. Find more recipes and share yours today! Visit the COOKING tab online at

Tips from the chef on slicing onions:

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March 11, 2016

Woods & Waters

Pike Island Pool of Ohio River known mainly for saugers By Mike Mainhart Contributing Writer

The Pike Island Pool is the second pool on the Ohio River and starts downstream of the New Cumberland Dam. The pool runs from the dam near Stratton, Ohio to the upstream face of the Pike Island Dam near Yorkville, Ohio. The tailwater of the Pike Island Pool is the New Cumberland tailwater. Shoreline fishing is accessible on the Ohio side at Stratton Village Park. The tailwater access is limited and is on the West Virginia side of the river. Anglers generally access the tailwater area on the West Virginia side by walking the railroad tracks from either the upstream or downstream direction. From upstream, anglers park at the base of the hill heading southbound on West Virginia state Route 2. Parking is on the east side of the road and anglers cross the road, follow a lane, and walk the tracks about a mile south. From downstream, anglers often park outside the gate at Resco Products (bottom of the hill right side – after coming down off the top heading southbound) or at the grocery store across the road (WV SR 2). Anglers are advised to make sure that semis can still make the turn in and out of Resco. This isn’t an official parking or access site, just a show of kindness from Resco – respect its property. The actual area around the tailwater is large riprap – use caution; this is not an ideal location for small children. There are several primary boater access points within the pool. The New Cumberland, West Virginia public ramp is behind the firehouse at the corner of Chester (WV SR 2) and Adams streets. This is a one-lane boat ramp with parking for a dozen-plus boats/trailers. The Steubenville Public Marina, near the Ohio state Route 7 and U.S. Route 22 interchange, is also a free public ramp. The Cross Creek free public ramp is at 199 Erie St., Mingo Junction, Ohio, behind (east) of the water treatment plant on the bend in Cross Creek, and the Wellsburg public ramp at the dead end of 12th Street in Wellsburg, West Virginia, is also free. Some of the more notable fishing locations within the Pike Island Pool are Brown’s and Griffen islands, Cross Creek mouth (Ohio side), Cross Creek mouth (West Virginia side), Buffalo Creek (West Virginia side) and Short Creek (Ohio side). Regulation notes: the complete extent of this pool lies between West Virginia and Ohio, forming the border. Consequently, this pool is part of the two-state reciprocal agreement. Resident license holders in Ohio and West Virginia can fish the Ohio River mainstem, West Virginia tributaries, embayments, and shoreline, and Ohio tributaries, embayments, and shoreline. Anglers from other states must purchase each state’s respective nonresident fishing license to be able to fish in the portion of the Ohio River owned by each state: a West Virginia license for Ohio River mainstem, West Virginia embayments, tributaries, and shoreline, and Ohio license for Ohio embayments, tributaries, and shoreline. West Virginia fishing regulations must be followed when fishing on the Ohio River mainstem, West Virginia shoreline, and West Virginia tributaries and embayments. Ohio fishing regulations must be followed when fishing on the Ohio shoreline and Ohio embayments and tributaries. Fish survey information from the Ohio Division of Wildlife for the pool is as follows: 95 percent of the sander species captured during the November 2012 electrofishing survey were sauger. The remaining 5 percent were walleyes. The average size of the sauger during November 2012 was 10 inches, and the maximum size was 17 inches. The average size of walleyes during the November 2012 survey was 13 inches, with maximum size of 21 inches. A total of 87 percent of the black bass captured during a September 2012 electrofishing survey were smallmouths. Age-0 smallmouth (2012 year class) averaged five inches, age-1 averaged nine inches, age-2 averaged 12 inches, and age3 averaged 13 inches. The largest captured on that survey was 14 inches; however, over recent years, smallmouth have been sampled as large as 16 inches. General fishing notes and observations: prey abundance (shiners, minnows, shad) fluctuates greatly from year to year. Prey affects growth rates, body condition, year classes, and angler success. For example, 2012 was a year of incredible prey abundance. During this year, there were fairly low angler catch rates, high fish growth, and high body condition in the fall (average weight of a fish for a given length – plumpness). The year 2013 was a very low prey year and angler catches were variable and growth and body condition were very depressed. Sander species (walleye, sauger) fishing is generally most successful below tailwaters, whereas black bass species (largemouth, smallmouth, spotted bass) are most common in tributary mouths, island points and drop-offs, backbays/ embayments, and to a lesser extent, tailwaters (especially smallmouths).

O hio R iver - P ike I sland P ool Map provided courtesy of:

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Lake Profile Pike Island Pool

Nearest town............... Stratton

Fish species present: Flathead catfish, channel catfish, black crappie, white crappie, largemouth bass, bluegill, smallmouth bass, walleye, sauger.

For information:

Division of Wildlife central office: 1-800-WILDLIFE.

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Ohio Outdoor News - March 11th, 2016  
Ohio Outdoor News - March 11th, 2016