LANDSCAPE TEXTURE Add Texture, Color & Magic To Your Landscapes
Green Is For Eco-Friendly In Your Yard PAGE 6
The Ultimate Patio Guide With Reviews From Indoor Girl PAGE 37
North Dakota’s Solar Energy PAGE 16
Millions of Questions,
One Place for Answers
Supply Design Build “Our experience at and with Deckmasters was a
wonderful one! We went the “Do It Yourself” route. Deckmasters helped us layout a plan, select the materials, delivered the materials, and even put up the ledger on the house and the posts in the ground for us. Being a novice builder, we had plenty of questions. Todd took time for us with every question! Thanks again for all your help! ”
Sincerely, David Richman West Fargo, North Dakota
Cad & 3D Drawing Deck Designs Outdoor Furniture Cellular PVC Decking Fencing Play Sets Low Voltage Lighting Sport Court Railing Kits Pergolas & Gazebos Custom Built Decks
2 53rd Outdoor Design LivingND guide 5507 Avenue SW Fargo, 58104 701-232-4001 www.deckmasters.net
Locally owned and operated since 1989
Summer 2009 3
Publisher Studio 7 Productions, Inc.
editor Brian Bestge
CoPy editor Gregory Wald
ACCount exeCutives Lynn Hanson Brian Bestge
Content MAnAger Gregory Wald
leAd designer Jamie Farmen
design & lAyout Mike Biewer Dan Nisbet Whitney Werner
Contributors Todd Funfar Molly Bestge Brian Bestge Nancy Hanson Gregory Wald Sadie Anderson Aliceyn Magelky Paula Klein Sherry Witt
Advertising inforMAtion Lynn Hanson Office: 701-356-7770 Mobile: 701-730-4570
MAil CorresPondenCe Studio 7 Productions, Inc. 503 7th St. N, Suite 104 Fargo, ND 58102 firstname.lastname@example.org Outdoor Design and Living Guide is published quarterly by Studio 7 Productions Inc. Total printing is 15,000 per issue and is distributed in two states. No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission by Studio 7 Productions Inc. Studio 7 Productions assumes no responsibility for unsolicited manuscripts or photographs. Studio 7 Productions does not necessarily agree or endorse content of articles or advertising presented. For advertising information, contact Studio 7 Productions Inc. 503 7th St N, Suite 104, Fargo ND 58102.
©2009 Studio 7 Productions, Inc.
4 Outdoor Design 4 Design
Living GUIDE LIVING Guide
In my haste to engage myself in spring planting and getting my yard back in shape, I realized that I have not planned two of my family’s scheduled (or should have been scheduled) mini-vacations. When I was a kid, my dad spent many long weekends working at our local JC Penney store, but when he said, “Let’s load up the car,” my sister and I always knew the Bestge vacation was going to be interesting. Long car rides usually meant an invisible line drawn between my sister and me. This kept the peace for several miles, all while my dad switched the A/C to vent in the family Oldsmobile to “save gas.” My point — 20-some years later — I now know how much work it is to come up with something fun and relaxing for all involved. Although I have a good idea of what I need to do, I’m relying on my father-like instinct to pull me through this pressurized season that is “Summer Vacations 2009.“ In our area we all know how the weather changes, and many times we are forced to keep our weekend plans in a liquid form. Weekend warriors are always looking at how much work can be done in our 48-hour laborintensive weekend. In this issue, we provide you with some Do-It-Yourself projects, from installing a fence to taking some of those left-over materials to create a sandbox for your kids. “Going green” can be more than just a funny little political statement as we explore how mulching nurtures your yard and how practical solar energy is in our area. And we also tell you about adding texture to your flat Red River Valley yard. Because you can’t work all the time, Outdoor Design and Living Guide set out to find some of the best patios in the area to enjoy some well-earned downtime. The “Ultimate Patio Guide” will give you sun exposure, drink specials, and ambiance reviews to keep your socializing experience hot. Do you have an indoor girl? Someone who would rather watch people outside working instead of actually being outdoors doing the work? Or do you have the girl who will attend the baseball/softball game with you, but really doesn’t want to deal with the bugs? Then you, my friend, may have an indoor girl! Don’t worry because our Indoor Girl will give all of us insight into how your indoor girl could learn to deal with the great outdoors. Finally, don’t forget to check out www.outdoorlg.com to submit pictures of your summer projects. Keep checking the site to see if your submission gets published. Contact us at email@example.com with stories about friends and relatives who have worked very hard to create their own summer oasis. Happy in the Outdoors, Brian Bestge Editor, Outdoor Design and Living Guide
From Boring to Breathtaking
Tales of An Indoor Girl
Taking the Bite Out of Backyard Living
“Honey, We Need A Fence”
Deck Corner New Deck Drainage System = New Outdoor Room
Recipes For Your Summer
The Ultimate Patio Guide
What’s Happening in the Area
Summer 2009 6–9 10
Green Is For Eco-Friendly In Your Yard Free To Run, But Not Run Away
Invisible Fences For Your Pets
Family Fun Project: Sandbox
Easy Summer Entertaining
Is North Dakota Warming to Solar Energy?
A Step-by-Step Guide
Ask the Expert: Lawn Care
Tips On Getting The Perfect Lawn
Texture, Color Add Magic To Flat Valley Landscapes
Even An Indoor Girl Can Plant a Tree
A Do It Yourself Project
Summer 2009 5
Green Is For
Eco-Friendly In Your Yard
6 Outdoor Design
The green movement is growing… literally…in your lawn. Where better to show you care about the environment than in the ways you care for your yard? Encouraged not only by their own concerns but by city waste management programs and organizations like River Keepers, Fargo-Moorhead homeowners are adapting their lawn-keeping practices to methods that not only spare the environment an unnecessary burden, but actually improve their bottom line in another favorite form of green — cash. Grass leads to the inevitable: If it grows, you mow. But the rhythm of past generations — mow, then bag; mow, then
�lluminate. Natural Environments Landscaping has the area’s largest selection of unique, handcrafted landscape lighting. Our wide variety of products will fit your style. We also offer landscape lighting design services and installation services.
bag – is being replaced by the more serene sound of “grasscycling” (also commonly known as mulching). It's good for the environment and the pocketbook, reducing the need to fertilize. And without the need to bag, it can cut mowing time in half. "Grasscycling" is defined as recycling grass clippings into your soil. Instead of discarding grass clippings, which can account for as much as 50 percent of residential urban trash, homeowners can take advantage of the nutrient-rich scraps to re-enrich their lawns. Clippings return essential plant nutrients to the lawn; among them, usable organic nitrogen. Nitrogen is the main ingredient of commercial lawn fertilizer. “Grasscycling” starts with a mower equal to the task. Most models built in the past five to ten years are capable of mulching (shredding and evenly discharging) grass clippings. Sharp mower
5508 53rd Ave. S., Fargo, ND | 701.237.6994 www.naturalenvironmentslandscaping.com
blades are essential for good grasscycling. So is regular mowing. Mulching is not recommended when your lawn has grown too tall or when conditions are wet. Then clippings must be gathered. When you do have to bag, use the clippings as mulch to shade and cool soil around bedding plants and in the garden — as long as weed killers have not been used recently. Or, you can turn to the city for disposal. Moorhead continues to collect yard and garden waste curbside as long as it's packaged in transparent lawn bags. It can also be dropped off at the city compost site at Highway 75 and 15th Avenue North. Fargo and West Fargo maintain collection sites where homeowners can drop off grass clippings and yard waste for transport to the city compost sites. Once nature has turned the collected clippings into rich brown humus, it's Summer 2009 7
available for residents to dig into their gardens, or they can do it themselves. The City of Fargo's Waste Management Department and Clay County Environmental Services are selling Earth Machine backyard composters, where grass clippings, garden waste and household food scraps can be collected and turned into soilenriching material in six to eight weeks. About 1,000 have been sold so far this year. To find out more, call Fargo Waste Management at 701-241-1449. How homeowners care for their lawns affects not only the soil, but the Red River. Rainwater that runs off city lawns into Fargo and Moorhead's storm sewer systems eventually finds its way, untreated, into the river, where the chemicals used to keep the grass green can profoundly change its ecology. According to River Keepers, the Fargo-Moorhead organization dedicated to preserving and protecting the Red, pollution from individual lawns and gardens can be subtle, but over time it adds up to a substantial punch. Storm sewers, marked by the grates along curbs throughout the cities, are a direct conduit from your yard to the Red River. River Keepers' Christine Laney urges homeowners to spot the storm drains in their neighborhoods, then take steps to keep them clear. They also recommend phosphorous-free fertilizers because
Professional landscape maintenance enhances the health and natural performance of your trees, shrubs, flowers and lawns, improving the overall aesthetics and beauty of your property, and as a result, increasing the value of your home up to 15%.
Contact Oasis Landscape Maintenance for: • Planting Bed Maintenance • Patio and/or Retaining Wall Maintenance • Water Feature Maintenance • Exterior Containers and Planters
8 Outdoor Design
phosphates encourage algae growth, which is harmful to fish and river foliage. Look for a middle number of zero on your fertilizer bag to be most ecologically friendly. River Keepers is one of several local organizations working to bring back an environmentally friendly device that homeowners' grandparents probably took for granted: the rain barrel. Simply, it's a barrel that collects rainwater that runs off your home's roof, usually through a downspout. It's a water-conserving tradition whose time has come again. The water is generally softer than what comes from the tap. Your garden will love it, since rainwater is free of chemical additives that plants neither need nor want. Its slight acidity helps them access soil nutrients. The rain barrel helps keep moisture from collecting around your home's foundation and provides a source for watering prized plantings if water restrictions are in force later in the summer. For information on how to build a rain barrel, e-mail christine@ riverkeepers.org. Summerâ€ƒ2009â€ƒ 9
Free to Run, But Not Run Away Let’s face it. Our pets can be a liability. We need to keep them safe in our yards and not pestering our neighbors or the people walking down the street, let alone the dog running into the street! A lot of people are opting out of building fenced-in backyards, and are instead going with an underground fence to keep pets safe. The underground fence is safe and effective and is endorsed by the Humane Society. It is installed with a machine that lays a wire in a 1” wide by 4” deep trench that circles the perimeter of the yard. The pet (cat or dog) is then fitted with a collar that is radio controlled. When the pet reaches the perimeter and tries to go beyond, the collar sends out a small electric correction (similar to a small static
electricity shock). This correction does not harm the animal. It just warns the pet. After several warnings, the pet learns not to attempt crossing over the perimeter. There are also devices that can change the perimeters, allowing the homeowner to change the area of containment to meet daily needs—like setting a new area for the animal while you have a barbecue with friends in the backyard. The fencing has a lifetime warranty and, once it is installed, there is virtually no maintenance involved. For further information about this and other products safe for your pet, contact Tom at Pet Safe Pro—218-287-1883, a locally-owned and operated business, or check out the national website—www. petsafepro.com
It’s the little things we do.
Clean it Up, Fix it Up, and Get a Great Rate! Boats • Motorcycles • Cars • Home Improvement Debt Consolidation • Vacations
Financial Services Officer
Darlene Grieger Branch Manager
Our Mission is to provide to our members financial solutions with competitive products and great customer service performed by well trained employees.
We lead in low consumer rates & home equities. Call us today! 282-9011
Excellent Service…Great Rates • 15 Locations and Still Growing! Mortgages • Auto Loans • Full Checking & Savings • CD’s • IRA’s • Home Equity Loans
1801 45th St. So. Suite L2, Fargo, ND 58103
10 Outdoor Design
Build your own
We probably are all sick of sand in the bag form, but what about creating something far more fun out of sand…something that will bring your family hours of fun in your backyard? In about 3–4 hours, you can have a sand oasis for your kiddos! Let the digging and sand throwing begin, after your quick evening project. Determine the dimensions of the sandbox. (4'6" x 6'9" is shown). Prepare the area by removing sod/grass to the desired dimensions of sandbox. Place weed barrier under the entire area of the sandbox.
This sandbox shown was constructed using “stepping.” This creates a sturdy frame that wears well. Measure the shortest side first, and cut an 1 1/2" each of the 4'6" boards to 4' 4 1⁄2". Then cut 1 1/2" off the two 6'9" long boards to 6' 7 1⁄2". This accounts for the “stepping.”
Lay out a long and a short board, making sure it is flush. It is best to lay out and assemble on flat ground or cement. Prior to assembling the box, be sure to keep it square, using a speed square or framing square. Use four 3" triple-coated exterior framing screws or two of the lag screws on each corner. The most important thing is making sure that it is flush and square! Continue assembling the box in the same fashion—flush and square!
If you’d like to add corner seats, use the 2" x 12". Measure the distance where you want to end in relation to the corner of the case. For the sandbox shown, 4" from the corner was used.
Scribe under the board laying flat on top of the box. Use a Skill saw to cut the board and 4 screws to attach the corner seat, making sure that the board is flush with the top of the sand box. Repeat this process for the opposite corner.
Place the sandbox frame over the prepared area and fill with play sand. For the sandbox shown, a half yard of sand was sufficient.
For more stability, you can add lag screws to each corner using a paddle bit for counter sinking, then pre-drill in the center before running in the lag screws.
To keep rabbits, squirrels and cats (and water) out of your sandbox, you may want to invest in a cover. A vinyl tarp with snaps on the side of the sand box works well. The snaps are easy to install and the tarp is easy to take off and put back on when play is done.
Materials Needed: • Screw gun • 3" triple-coated framing screws or 5/16 x 4" lag screws (for sturdier construction). • 6' level • Framing Square or Speed Square • Tape Measure • Miter Saw or Skill Saw • Framing Pencil • 5/8" Paddle Bit • 1/4" Drill Bit, if using lag screws • 2" x 10" Framing Lumber—desired length of sandbox dimensions. • 2" x 12" Framing Lumber (for seating area on sandbox). • 2" x 6" Framing Lumber (for seating area on sandbox). • Tarp with snaps for cover (if desired).
Summer Summer 2009 11
EasySumm It’s summer in the Valley. We are no
longer “holed” up in our homes, and we’re ﬁnally outside! Smells of barbeques, bug
spray, and fresh cut grass ﬁll the air. And
what better time than now to plan outdoor gatherings for friends and family in your outdoor space.
Our decks and grills are calling our names! Figure out a date that works for most, make a few phone calls, send some e-mails and texts, and before you know it, you’re planning a summer get- together for friends or family at your place.
Everything & more for your garden!
Stop in and visit the area’s most complete garden center. Fresh plants arriving every week. A great selection of trees, shrubs, perennials & more for your garden. Expert gardeners on staff to help you with all your garden needs.
2733 S. University Dr., Fargo, ND
12 Outdoor Design
Choose a Theme Although it’s not completely necessary, it’s always fun to have a theme for your outdoor party. People from our neck of the woods always ask, “What can I bring?” when you invite them to a party. It’s always fun to invite your guests to contribute to the party by bringing their favorite beverages and/or signature dishes. Not only does it cut down on your costs for the party, it is fun to see what arrives. But before your guests decide what they want to bring, they want to know what everyone else is bringing,
right? So choosing that theme can be a fairly important first step. Perhaps you want to throw a Mexican Fiesta, a Summer Carnival, a Basic Family Barbeque, an Appetizer Extravaganza, Adults Night Out, a Luau, or a rockin’ Tiki party! Setting that theme allows you to be creative with your party wares, but also gives your guests an idea of what to bring to the summer feast. Plan for the Food and Party Supplies As the host/hostess, it’s customary to provide the “staples” of
the barbeque—meat, buns, and condiments. Shop the grocery store advertisements for the best meat deals, or visit your favorite butcher shop. Depending on your theme, a trip to the party store might be a good idea. Get basic paper products (plates, cups, silverware, etc.), and you may even want a few plastic serving dishes for your party, depending on the menu. While you’re there, you may find some fun party decorations; also, pick up a couple of balloons to put on the mailbox to be sure your guests know where the party is. Summer 2009 13
At Curb Design Inc., we have set the standards that all the others try to follow. We are locally owned and guarantee consistent and quality workmanship at every project, big or small.
From new home construction to industrial applications to enhancing existing designs, Curb Design has the solutions for all of your decorative concrete and landscaping needs.
The first and most experienced concrete edging service in the Fargo-Moorhead area. 3310 14th St NW, West Fargo, ND 701.281.2464
Set Up Plan to have the food in one area, preferably someplace where there is easy access to an outlet or two for crock pots or other electrical devices people may bring. And make sure you have lots of ice. Purchase a few aluminum throw-away baking dishes; it works well to put ice in the bottom, and then dishes that need to be cooled can be placed inside and salads will stay cool and fresh. People congregate where there is food, so plan for that. A party begins and ends with food—it starts by eating food, we drink a few beverages, and then it’s snack time again. Set up a few card tables or create a small seating area with lawn chairs near the food. Maybe even have an empty cooler with ice in it ready for people to store and cool their beverages as they arrive. The Things You Don’t Think About Until It’s Too Late… Bugs. Sun. Seating. Bathrooms. Trash. As people arrive, let them know where the restrooms are. This will allow you to enjoy your party and not be showing people
to the bathroom all night. Have some bug spray or lotion available for your guests, as mosquitoes and flies always enjoy a good barbeque. Some homeowners who battle the bugs all summer have even purchased a bug fogger or plan to spray for bugs before events. Planning for sun protection is also important. Have some sunscreen setting out in a basket for people to use as needed. Umbrellas and tents are also great so that young children and older adults can still enjoy the summer, but get out of the sun’s
ertime Grilling Summ
Full Service Fresh Meats
Meat & Deli Case
Prime Cut Meats
Oldest Traditional Meat Market In FM Area with Over 80 Years Combined Experience
rays. Garbage cans. Put them in various locations so that you won’t have as much clean-up in the end. Check them often throughout the party, as well. Have Fun and Be Flexible The one big variable in our neck of the woods is the weather. Be flexible and have a Plan B—usually the garage. Tidy up and realize that wind may blow, rain may fall, but the company of friends and family doesn’t have to end!
Specialty Items Special Requests Accepted
2434 South University Drive, Fargo • 476-1444 • Open 7 Days a Week
Summer 2009 15
Is North Dakota Warming to
For decades, solar energy has captured our imagination as an inexpensive, environmentally friendly energy source. And as Americans look for alternative ways to power their lifestyles, they’re taking a fresh look at solar energy. Unfortunately, solar heat is also among the most diﬃcult to harness in this neck of the woods. While wind turbines continue to dot more of our rural areas, solar panels have yet to catch on in the Red River Valley,
even as they become more "It is only a matter of time before we will see popular nationwide. In places like California more solar panels locally. North Dakota has and New Mexico, good solar energy potential. It is a huge where energy costs are resource and it is free." significantly greater, solar — Jeremy Mahowald panels are quite common Cass County Electric Cooperative’s Energy as a way to minimize an Management and Conservation department ecological footprint and reduce energy costs. Jeremy Mahowald and Paul Matthys climate and the cost of the system. “The of Cass County days are shorter in the winter. There is snow Electric load on roofs,” Matthys said. “To get what If you want the perfect lawn, Cooperative’s you would need to power a home, you need Get the perfect lawn mower... Energy so many panels that it gets really expensive Management and per kilowatt-hour.” Conservation Cass County Electric Cooperative is department believe currently charging approximately 7 cents that it is only a per kilowatt-hour. In areas where solar matter of time panels are more popular, consumers are before we will paying 16 or 17 cents per kilowatt-hour. see more solar “If our electricity rates would climb up to panels locally. California or the East Coast’s rates, you “North Dakota would see a lot more attention put on solar has good solar panels,” Matthys said. energy potential. It To encourage more people to use solar Save up to $2,000 is a huge resource panels, alternative energy systems are being on select models! and it is free,” heavily subsidized by the government. Stop in for details. Mahowald said. There are energy tax credits available Some and local programs to help offset the cost consumers are of the systems. According to Mahowald 701-365-0707 3241 Main Avenue, Suite A • Fargo, ND skeptical about and Matthys, there is an incentive in Quality Products, Quality Service solar power place for solar water heating systems and Pick up & Delivery Available • We service all makes and models Financing Available On All Products because of the photovoltaic systems where, if at least half North Dakota the energy is generated from the sun, the
Premier Lawn & Power, Inc.
16 Outdoor Design
TYPES OF SOLAR PANELS Solar panels are systems that capture sunlight and convert it into electricity. According to NDSU’s Darryl Booker, there are three types of solar energy systems:
• Passive solar energy system captures the energy of the sun and transmits it directly into a space.
• Solar electric system
government will cover up to 30 percent of the cost up to $2,000. Mahowald predicts that besides energy prices, the use of solar panels in North Dakota also will be driven by emissions on coal, carbon legislation along with supply and demand. Scientists are working to develop ways to make solar panels more eﬃcient and affordable. Recent developments allow solar panels to be placed right in the window. Darryl Booker, associate professor of architecture at North Dakota State University, says that the high cost of the solar panel systems is partly due to the armature that holds the panel in place. “If you can embed it in glass or a roofing system or even create more flexible systems, then the cost will come down,” he said. Until solar panels gain popularity in
North Dakota, there are other ways to harness solar energy. When building a new home, homeowners can use solar landscaping. “We recommend people face their home to the southwest. We suggest planting deciduous trees on the south and east side of the home and plant evergreens on the north side of the house to block the wind,” Matthys said. There is an abundance of information available. Books about solar energy have moved out of the scientific racks into the general home building or home design sections of the bookstore or library. If a consumer is serious about investing in solar panels, Booker recommends attending a workshop. “There is an organization called Solar Energy International in Carbondale, Colorado, which holds workshops all over the country. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory, a government research
also known as a photovoltaic system, it converts sunlight into energy and transfers it to a storage system where it is held or sent back onto the electrical grid.
• Solar water system the most complex system, it allows water to fall over a panel, absorbing the energy of the sun. Heat energy is transferred from the panel to the water. As the water reaches the bottom of the panel, it is transferred to a storage tank. The super-heated water is mixed with cold water to provide the domestic water you use everyday.
institute, is located in Golden, Colorado, which is a good source for energy reports. The Rocky Mountain Institute in Snowmass, Colorado, is a good resource for all things sustainable. Workshops also are a good way to build a network of people who are interested in the same thing.” In the meantime, consumers should remain cognizant of the technologies regarding alternative energy. “The sun is a great resource. There is energy forever. The sunlight that hits the earth exceeds our total needs by 20,000 times,” Matthys said. “As we find more economical ways to convert sunlight to energy, we’re going to see more of it in our state.” Summer 2009 17
Lawn Care How would you recommend repairing the damage caused by voles? This damage usually repairs itself – eventually. To expedite repair, rake the damaged area with a leaf rake and overseed.
What is the best way to repair the damage caused by winter kill? Winter kill can be repaired pretty much the same way as vole damage. Rake the dead grass tissue out, then scratch the soil to create a surface to hold the seed. After you seed the affected area, sprinkle wood fiber mulch over it, then water. Keep the area moist with daily or twice daily watering and the grass should begin filling in within a week.
18 Outdoor Design
When should you fertilize a lawn during the season and what is the best type of fertilizer to use? Fertilize only during active growth periods, when you are mowing in the spring and again in the fall. As a broad generalization, you should fertilize sometime between Memorial Day and the 4th of July, and again around Labor Day weekend. Use a high nitrogen fertilizer, one that is designated for lawn use, with an analysis something like 28-3-12. These numbers are generally found on the front of the fertilizer bag.
What is the best way to contain weeds? By maintaining a dense lawn through regular, high mowing (2.5 - 3.0 inches), timely irrigation cycles, and regular fertilizer applications.
Do you recommend bagging or mulching lawn clippings? Mulching the clippings gives the lawn an extra fertilizer application roughly equal to 0.75 to 1.00 pound of nitrogen per 1000 square feet per year. Bag the clippings if the mowing gets out of sequence and the grass is too long.
What is the best lawn watering strategy? Ideally, you should water just before the grass wilts! Of course, you don’t know when that will happen, so this is easier said than done. But the right way to water a lawn is certainly not the way most people do it. Basically, a typical lawn in our part of the country needs about 1.0 to 1.25 inches of water per week to look good and keep it
from going dormant. An inch of water is about 625 gallons for every 1000 square feet of lawn. Much depends on the maintenance level of the lawn — how high it is mowed, how much fertilizer is applied, the weather conditions, whether or not the grass is in the shade or full sun, and, of course, the soil type. Until one gets savvy about making a judgment on this, the best thing to do is to pull a plug of sod and look at the roots and soil. If they are lacking moisture, give it a good soaking; if they are moist, then hold off for another day or two.
How do you help a lawn thrive through the blazing mid-summer sun and heat? The best thing you can do is mow the lawn as you are going into the cooler evening hours, then giving the lawn a good watering the morning after, starting at about 4 a.m. This is easily done with an automatic sprinkler system, and more work if you only have a hose-end sprinkler. Make sure the mower blade is sharp and that the mower is set to 2.5 to 3.0 inches in height.
Under what circumstances is aeration appropriate and when should it be performed? When the soil is compacted or when the turf fails to respond to typical routine maintenance like mowing, watering, and fertilizing. Aeration tends to have a drying effect on the soil, so spring or fall is a good time to core aerate, again when the grass is actively growing and not under a heat stress.
Have doggie dead spots?
Extension Service Answers provided by: Ron Smith, Ph.D. Horticulturist and Turfgrass Specialist North Dakota State University Department of Plant Sciences
New products like GrassSaver can be given to your canine to prevent lawn spots. You can also purchase quick patch grass seed. This includes the fertilizer, seed, and mulch to replace damaged spots as well.
Rid Your Yard Of Bugs! with the green way to bug control
Skeet-R-Gone is a concentrate injection device for sprinkler systems that allows homeowners to quickly and easily spray their yards for mosquitoes, flies, spiders, ants, and other pests. Environmentally friendly concentrates are recommended and available through Skeet-R-Gone authorized dealers and Scheels Home and Hardware.
Controls: Mosquitoes, Flies, Fleas, Gnats, No-See-Ums, Mites, Spiders, Fruit Flies, Fire Ants, Chiggers, Ticks, Silverfish, Crickets, Moths, Chinch Bugs, Ants, Palmetto Bugs and More.
Summer 2009 19
From Boring to Breathtaking ... Texture, Color Add Magic To Flat Valley Landscapes
The yard — the word itself evokes the rectangular green canvas that surrounds your new Red River Valley house like an unwrinkled tablecloth. It's the least intriguing aspect of your new Fargo-Moorhead home — and the one thing no one can miss. Outside this area of the world, natural ups and downs suggest a strategy for adding drama to the acreage that embraces your home. Here, though, with a geography dedicated to the absolute principle of "flat," the naked yards of Fargo-Moorhead await compassionate intervention. They beg for a living landscape that's sculpted and designed, that captures the eye and intrigues the senses with all the texture that nature overlooked. Enter the texture. Yesterday's rigid foundation plantings of arborvitae give way to soft, undulating clusters of shrubs and perennials. Concrete sidewalks yield to flagstone paths and pavers. Flower beds of straight lines and tilled earth give way to clumps of colored mulch to stymie weeds and conserve moisture. Unbroken planes of grass best suited to mowing break down into subtle sections adapted for family use, from child's play to entertaining. The textured landscape of 2009 is a congenial blend of colors and sizes, soft and hard, native and imported, natural and
artistic. For the first immigrant farmer in the Red River Valley, the blessedly flat land was a gift. No trees, no hills, no boulders to interfere with the relationship between a man, his plow and the fertile black soil. Those sod busters would scratch their heads today if they could meet designers like Roger Klocke, Jr., a pioneer among Fargo-Moorhead's growing corps of landscape designers who bring character to Valley yards by — among other tactics — importing boulders. Klocke, owner of Natural Environments Landscaping and Garden Elegance, uses a palette of natural materials to build height, dimension and texture from the basic foundation of a flat Fargo-Moorhead yard, adding accents with plant materials, lighting and water — fountains, waterfalls and ponds. "Flat and boring -- that's where most of the yards we design start out," he observes. "It's a blank slate. Our goal is to create an environment you'll enjoy for years
to come…areas that both please you now and add real value to your property for the future." Klocke, who considers landscaping an art and his role an artist, likes to start by sketching gently rolling pathways that create a soft, welcoming entrance to the yard. "They're inviting. They draw the eye inward," he says. He recommends natural flagstones (layered sandstone) or fired clay pavers for their soft edges and the ease with which they fit into the landscape. Undulating lines have largely replaced the unbending, right-angled outlines of paths and gardens past in today's more informal yards. High-end landscaping may incorporate raised beds to separate plantings from lawn and prevent the spread of more invasive species, as well as weeds.
Summer 2009 21
More than an insurance agent Let’s get together for an Insurance and Financial Review to talk about: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
Retirement Planning College Funding 401(k) Rollovers Annuities Variable Universal Life Mutual Funds
Steve Aune 4820 30th Ave S. | Suite 100 | Fargo, ND 58104
701-356-0505 | 701-356-0507 fax firstname.lastname@example.org
Securities products are offered through COUNTRY Capital Management Company 1705 N. Towanda Avenue, P.O. Box 2222, Bloomington, IL. 61702-2222, tel (866) 551-0060. Member FINRA and SIPC.
22 Outdoor Design
Brick edging is a tidy flush alternative that adds a tailored, elegant touch. Other permanent options are available in concrete. Introducing the timeless weight and presence of boulders to the rock-free Red River landscape has become something of a signature for Natural Environments landscapes. Well-chosen and artfully arranged, rocks anchor landscape designs, adding height and breadth and deep dimension. Unlike the rock-strewn fields of central North Dakota, where stones are propelled to the surface by spring thaws, the boulders of the Valley are exotic imports. Most are selected at trade shows for professional designers and trucked to garden centers, then individually selected for clients' yards by size, shape, color and surface texture. Moving them to where they'll be planted in the landscape is no small undertaking, involving trucks, loaders and Bobcats. A grouping of boulders can be a striking focal point in an otherwise sedate yardscape. "Rocks are like little pieces of art scattered across the garden or landscape," Klocke says. "They change as the light shifts and take on new textures and colors in the rain. Plants and rocks enhance each other, like a good piece of art needs the right frame and matting." He chooses and arranges boulders in odd-numbered groupings, often spinning each four or five times to find its best face. "The objective is to group them so the eye thinks they belong there — that they occurred naturally in that spot," he explains. The boulders need to be resting down at a natural looking depth. Trees, shrubs and perennial plants and grasses offer an ever-growing palette of choices for adding texture as well as height and depth to the once-level yard. Greenscape options continue to expand, thanks to inventive plant breeding programs at northern universities and
nurseries that have eased some of the restrictions enforced by the Red River Valley's climate. Landscape designer Ryan Hoss of Fargo's Baker Nursery has been designing, planting and maintaining Red River Valley yards since he was 16 years old. He credits a new point of view for the growing interest in crafting yards that are works of art. "For years, landscaping meant planting some evergreens around the foundation in front of the house — usually arborvitae to soften the corners," he notes. "Now people are spending a lot more time in their yards, and they're looking at them in a whole different way. They spend more on them, too," he says. "They've always had patios or decks, but now they're almost looking at their yards as outdoor rooms. They're adding entire living areas with pergolas, comfortable furniture, fire pits and heaters, and entire outdoor kitchens. They want nice, nice yards… not just a tree in each corner and a few shrubs out three feet from the house." Nor is enjoying the yard strictly an outdoor pursuit. "When you're sitting in your easy chair inside, looking out over your back yard, you can't even see those plantings down along the foundation," he points out. "The view from your windows is part of your living environment — year-round, too. When you look out over your yard, you want to see
something." That's where the entire living palette comes into play: Shrubs of varying heights play a jazzy summer tune of textured foliage in contrasting sizes and shapes in summer; in winter they change their tune, with bare forms outlined in distinctive bark. Grasses — wispy or upright, swords or rounded, low clumps, willowy thickets, purple spears or twisted tails with golden overtones — add linear motion in the unceasing breeze. They're one of the biggest hits of recent years, with their ironic return to the same sod where prairie grasses once reigned. Unlike the hardy natives that gave way to settlers' plows, few of today's decorative grasses can survive our climate as perennials; instead, most must be planted and handled like annuals. Homeowners' tastes in landscape design continue to lean toward the informal in greenscapes, as well as the curving paths and lines of their gardens. Often that
Summer 2009 23
The Fargo Garden Society The Fargo Garden Society was formed when a professor of horticulture at the then North Dakota Agricultural College and two businessmen agreed that Fargo needed a garden society. The club was organized on November 9, 1923. In those early years, local businessmen made up the largest part of the club's membership. A yearly peony show and parade, complete with a queen and attendants, was very popular. Gladiolus and iris shows were also held at Merchants National Bank, deLendrecies and Herbst Department Stores. For several years, hundreds of lilac bouquets were delivered by The Boy Scouts to the sick and shut-ins in a Lilac Sharing Program sponsored by the Forum and the Fargo Garden Society. In the early 1940's, Victory Gardens were planned and planted. Today the Fargo Garden Society is an active and community involved organization. Monthly meetings, that include gardening programs on various topics, are held at 7:00 p.m. the last Tuesday of every month (except Nov. and Dec.) at Elim Activity Center located at 3534 S. University Dr. in Fargo. Ongoing club projects include the planting and care of flowers and plants at both Ronald McDonald Houses in Fargo, the butterfly garden at the Red River Zoo, and hosting the annual flower show at the Red River Valley Fair in July. Anyone with a love of gardening is welcome to attend the meetings. Check out the society’s local website at www.fargogardensociety.org and the national website at www.gardenclub.org.
June – meeting: Garden Art Show & Tell July – enter the RRVF Flower Show! August – member only picnic & plant exchange September – meeting: Shade Gardens October – annual banquet
24 Outdoor Design
translates into asymmetrical designs rather than more formal, even, symmetrically balanced greenery in perfectly straight lines. The choice is strictly personal preference, Hoss stresses. Another aspect, though, has evolved to the point that it's nearly universal: The carefully weeded bare-soil ornamental garden is nearly a thing of the past. "Of all the gardens we've designed in the last few years, I can think of only one homeowner who wanted that look. Everyone else wants mulch," Hoss reports. Mulching the soil reduces weeding and maintenance to nearly zilch ... a big step to the easy-care garden that every homeowner dreams of. Klocke agrees. His mulch of choice is premium cypress mulch, whose tangled texture minimizes blowing. Water-permeable ground cloth beneath the mulch, whatever the kind that's chosen, also zeros out the upkeep to the point where the biggest annual task is to rake and clean up the rocks or natural mulch to eliminate blown leaves and other detritus. Tried-and-true perennials can add largely trouble-free traditional texture to the landscape: Day lilies, Siberian iris, sedum, salvia and coreopsis are among Hoss's favorites. "They look nice with minimal care. You just can't kill them," he advises. He likes to add newcomers to the yards and gardens he designs. "Trying some things that are a little on the edge makes it more interesting, and you never
know what you'll find," he suggests. With hardier and improved new varieties regularly entering the market, the nursery holds plenty of surprises. Sticking with plants rated for USDA growing zone 4 generally leads to a safe kind of adventure, he says — especially in more established areas of town, where homes are closer together and established trees offer some protection from wind. New yards in still-open developments require more caution: "I'd think a little harder in more exposed situations," he admits. "It pays to be more cautious out there." He points to problems with rabbits and voles, too, that offer greater challenges near open fields. When the green portion of the landscape has put down roots, the masterpiece is ready for its final touches. Long summer evenings give sunlight plenty of time to shape the landscape with highlight and shadow. But as days grow shorter, garden lighting becomes a prized addition to the outdoor landscape. "When it's used with a light hand, lighting adds subtle interest and beauty to the landscape," Klocke says. "The contrast between light and dark draws the eye to points of interest and adds a warm, soft texture. You can leave the drapes open in the house and enjoy your yard around the clock. It doesn't look forbidding and creepy. "Illumination gives your landscape a totally different look in the
Seclusions Privacy Fencing Systems
• No Painting or Staining
• Rich color and Finish
• interconnecting Pickets Provide Fast Assembly New product
WiND LoAD ceRtiFicAtioN • tested up to 110 mph
• Stands up to extreme Weather • Stand-Alone Posts
5507 53rd Ave SW • Fargo, ND 58104 701-232-4001 • www.deckmasters.net
Summer 2009 25
26 Outdoor Design
evening, when you have the time to enjoy it." Lighting also increases both safety and your sense of security, extending the usability of your outdoor space. Lighting fixtures can be decorative in themselves -- copper, bronze and blown glass units. Their light can play on walls or walkways, trees and gardens, water features and outdoor living areas. Lighting can silhouette or shadow architectural features and plantings. Brushing the landscape with light can turn an ordinary yard into a picture of beauty. But Klocke cautions against too much of a good thing: "It's possible to go too far and end up looking like you're in Hollywood." The objective is to create a radiant glow around the home and yard ... not step into the realm of a 24-hour tourist attraction. While lights delight the eyes, water features -- waterfalls, fountains and ponds -- add not only visual interest but the soothing sound of moving water. Simplest to install and care for are the fountains, where the water's constant movement keeps it fresh and generally reduces maintenance to spring setup and fall cleaning and storage. The jewel of the backyard landscape may be the lovely pond, with its blooming water lilies and drifting school of calico koi. Ponds require more commitment from the homeowner, though. They can be an engrossing hobby on par with maintaining an elaborate indoor aquarium, from careful attention to water quality and chemistry to fish health, equipment maintenance and plant culture. Perhaps a garden sculpture of leaping fish might be a less challenging way to add the finishing touch to your Red River Valley sanctuary. Garden art can add the final touch to the masterpiece of color, form and texture you've created around your home. From distinctive handcrafted birdbaths to plump ceramic pots, from the grace notes of well-tuned wind chimes to a stone bench set into a fragrant shady bower, a carefully selected accent piece can add your signature to the deftly textured sanctuary you've created from the flattest, most boring Red River Valley yard.
Tales of an
You know who you are. Dreading Memorial Day weekend because the landscaping pressure is just too much. Powdering your upper lip during the softball game trying to maintain your “natural” look. The only family member worried about the bug to human ratio during the boat ride on the lake. You are “Indoor Girl.” And I am “Indoor Girl.” And this column is for all the Indoor Girls struggling to be “one with nature” and look good doing it. Memorial Day weekend is the official launch of summer. For many Indoor Girls, it’s also the weekend we are encouraged to participate in horticultural endeavors. Examples include planting petunias in pots or selecting pretty bushes to be planted. As an Indoor Girl, this weekend is often pure torture. In 1996, my husband and I purchased our first home; a cute little Cape Cod in need of some landscaping. I understood that this would be one of those “do-it-yourself” projects, but I had no idea what I had gotten myself into. I was 26 years old and had never planted a flower, bush or tree. I think I used a spade (that’s a shovel if you are Indoor Girl) once with my dad in 1985 (I think he was trying to build a fence). Other than that, no experience with weed whackers, lawn mowers, edgers, or rototillers and, from what the ladies in my neighborhood kept telling me, we had a lot of work to do in our yard. Selecting the bushes was a fiasco in itself. I had no idea where to buy bushes. Advice from people who enjoy planting things said a greenhouse was my best bet. They have better quality and they can offer more advice, my people told me. Others thought I should go to a “big box” store because they were cheaper. After two minutes of contemplation, I stopped by a “big box” store and settled on three what I like to call “mini-Christmas” trees. I later found out they are called Arbor Vitae or something like that. I was pretty impressed with my purchase and ready to use the spade (say it with me, Indoor Girls … “shovel”) and begin my landscaping project. Then, the neighbor ladies showed up again to offer their advice. They did not appreciate my mini-Christmas trees and told me so. But I planted them anyway and actually watered them all summer. Fall, winter and then spring came again and my little mini-Christmas trees were still alive. To this day, planting my mini-Christmas trees remains one of my biggest horticultural achievements. In fact, when I was preparing to write this column, I took a little trip down memory lane and drove by the house we left three years after planting the trees. To my surprise and delight, my three little mini-Christmas trees are not only still standing, they are flourishing. They are perfectly placed and framing the little Cape Cod home like a picture-perfect postcard. All I can say is… not bad for an Indoor Girl.
Summer 2009 27
Taking The Bite Out Of Backyard Living You've landscaped your yard to parklike perfection. You've manicured your lawn, furnished the patio with comfortable chairs, created the playground of your children's dreams, and hung a hammock beneath the spreading maple. Is it time to relax? Perhaps…until you hear the dreaded whine of mosquitoes. The first big invasion is predicted for sometime in the second half of June. From
28 Outdoor Design
then on, depending on temperatures and precipitation, it's us-against-them until the fall freeze. Mosquitoes are serious business, even in our area. Where once they ranked as a major annoyance, the advance of mosquitoborne illnesses into our region has made them a genuine health hazard to be treated with respect. West Nile virus has been monitored in
Minnesota and North Dakota for almost ten years. Though fairly rare, the danger is very real. Babies and children are at greatest risk, along with the elderly and people of all ages whose immune systems are compromised. Even pets can contract West Nile virus. That has added urgency to the efforts of the cities and Cass County Vector Control to contain the mosquito population in the Fargo-Moorhead area. At season's peak, both ground and aerial spraying may be employed when conditions are right and the numbers of mosquitoes captured in traps suggest that action is necessary. But long before airplanes buzz overhead at dusk, Vector Control employees are prowling likely mosquito breeding grounds — swampy areas along rivers, damp ditches, dump yards and other areas where standing water invites them to lay their eggs. They are applying larvicides — chemicals that execute newly hatched mosquitoes before they take flight (and set out to raise their own generations of little buzzers). Never forget that you are the first line of defense against mosquitoes invading your yard. Local governments in the metro area offer a variety of easy, cost-free tips to reduce the number of mosquitoes at their source by insuring that fewer eggs are laid and fewer larvae hatch. The secret is to eliminate places where water collects around your house and garden.
• Put away containers that collect water like tires, buckets, flower pots and children's toys. • Clean out clogged rain gutters. • Change the water in bird baths and wading pools often. • If the water in fountains or water gardens doesn't flow freely, treat it with a nontoxic larvicide product regularly. Look for products containing Bacillus thuringiensis (BTI) or methoprene (an insect-growth regulator, or IGR) at hardware and home improvement stores. • Fill in low spots and other drainage problem areas. Make sure that your sump pump discharge drains properly. • Fill in hollow stumps that collect water. • Keep grass and shrubs trimmed well, as they harbor adult mosquitoes. If it's too late to nip the mosquito population in the bud, and if joint Vector Control efforts have missed a horde or two in your vicinity, the metro-wide experts suggest two approaches: • Fogging at dawn and dusk, when mosquitoes are at their busiest. This can only eliminate the skeeters present
when the fog floats, of course. Look for products with active ingredients permethrin and resmethrin. The EPA has found them safe for household use. • Applying barrier sprays to shaded areas where mosquitoes rest. You can do this at any time of day. The products have lasting effects for up to several weeks. Recommended active ingredients include pyrethrins, deltamethrin, cyfluthrin, malathion and bifenthrin. Keep in mind that these products are toxic to bees and fish. Don't use them around flower gardens. If you have a fish pond, cover it. Children and pets need to be kept away until the fog or spray are entirely dry, usually half an hour. If the products touch fruits and vegetables, be sure to scrub thoroughly before eating.
What about some of the other alternatives you've heard about? MetroFightTheBite.com offers these words of wisdom: • Birds and bats do consume mosquitoes, but not enough for you to notice a difference in the mosquito population. • Citronella plants have been shown to be ineffective, and citronella candles are only slightly better. The light from the flame can actually attract more mosquitoes than it repels. • Electric bug zappers are not effective in reducing mosquito populations, and can kill great numbers of non-target insects such as moths. • Mosquito-trapping devices are useful, especially when used with other prevention methods. For an innovative approach that really works, try Skeet-R-Gone, businessman Tom Kenville’s new ecologically friendly answer to the question of how to fight the bite. The Skeet-R-Gone system harnesses homeowners' in-ground irrigation systems to distribute a safe "green" insecticide called Bug Slug throughout the yard. More information is available online at www.SkeetRGone.com.
Find Your Picture PerFect Home Just call me. I'm ready to take on the challenge!
Cell 701-491-0572 email@example.com www.dede-heller.com 2521 So. Univ. Dr. Fargo, ND
Licensed in ND & MN
Summer 2009 29
u Do It Yo
rse l f
“Honey, we need a fence.”
• Knowledgeable • Personal Customer Service • High Quality Feeders • No Waste Bird Seed • Premium Dog & Cat Food • Fertilizer, Grass Seed & more crittersfeedandseed.com 1219 1st Avenue North • Moorhead, MN 56560
30 Outdoor Design
Winter fades and the lush green grass and budding trees of spring return to beautify our world. We spend more and more time enjoying our neighborhoods, especially our own backyards. With the increased amount of time we spend outside, we begin to notice our landscape may be missing something. “Honey, we need a fence.” With proper planning and education, nearly anyone can construct a fence. Most fences are designed so the average home owner can tackle the project with little diﬃculty. However, if you decide it’s more than you want to handle, our area has several fence contractors and hardware stores you can choose to assist with your project. If you’re ready for a little challenge, this article will give you the basics to building your first fence. Often home owners choose to build fences for privacy, to keep children safe, or to keep pets in or out of the yard, but people have lots of reason to construct fences. Fences can provide safety, add visual interest to a garden or give a whimsical charm to your particular house style. Whatever your reason for building a fence, you will need to engage in pre-construction planning and preparation before you begin. Prior to any construction, check local ordinances to see if a permit is necessary to build. Additionally, you may need to receive
permission from other homeowners or a neighborhood association prior to building. And, most importantly, always contact your utility companies to mark any underground pipes, cables or wiring. Once you’ve received the nod of approval from the city and your neighbors, you need to double check your tool shed to ensure you’ve got what you need to get the job done. Good tools to have for easy, effective and eﬃcient fence construction include: • Saw • Drill • Tape measure • Post level • Post hole digger and/or gas-powered auger • Marking pencils and markers • Ready-mix concrete • Gravel • Work gloves • Safety glasses • Shovel • Wheelbarrow If you don’t have some of these things, you may be able to rent them at your favorite hardware or rental store. Fencing material type is another pre-construction consideration. Several types of material can be used depending on your fence design. The most common material types are wood, composite and vinyl. Composite and vinyl resist weather, rotting, molding, cracking and fading much better than wood. However, the initial investment in composite or vinyl is much higher than wood. Today, wood is the most popular, least expensive and most flexible fencing material. Whether you choose wood, composite or vinyl material, your fence can be built using pre-built panels or individual boards called pickets. By using individual pickets, you have greater flexibility in creating unique and varied fence patterns. Also, it’s important to determine which material type is suitable for your geographic area based on climate and availability. If you decide wood is for you, ensure the lumber used for the posts is certified for ground contact. For the project outlined below, we will use pressure treated lumber. Permission has been granted, tool belt has been checked and the materials have been picked. It’s time to build. These instructions outline the basic steps to build a 6 foot fence in a board on board pattern. It offers extra privacy since the boards overlap and they have no gaps in between. And, it’s great for providing a safe haven for children and pets.
By: Todd Funfar
NEW DECK DRAINAGE SYSTEM = NEW OUTDOOR ROOM Our decks. We love them. But have you ever looked under them? When it rains, the water’s got to go somewhere…and anything under your deck gets wet, too. Wouldn’t it be nice to be able to use the space under your deck and maybe not just for storage or wasted space? What about creating another usable room under your deck? That’s what the new deck enhancement vinyl drainage systems could do for you and your deck. These new drainage systems enable you to take a second-level deck and make it into a patio cover. You actually create a dry environment, and the drainage system works so well, you can even add lighting, ceiling fans, televisions, and entertainment systems. The drainage system makes it possible for you to create an additional room outside the house. These drainage systems are typically used for second-story decks and walkouts especially. It allows you to use the space under your deck for an actual living space. The drainage system installs easily between the joists of a deck to give you a clean, dry area to use for entertaining and relaxing. Added benefits include an increase in home value by adding more living space to the home, and the drainage system eliminates moisture and erosion around the house by channeling water away from the foundation of the house. So if you’d like to have another room outside of your home and use the space under your deck productively, these new deck drainage systems may be just what you need!
Summer 2009 31
Step 1 – Layout Perimeter Start by drawing a plot plan on graph paper showing property lines to scale. Determine exact fence location, carefully noting significant features such as bordering properties, gardens, gates or entry points, sidewalks and roadways. Mark distances from fence to house, as well as other outbuildings and property lines. By taking this extra step, you will accurately locate fence corners, post and gate locations, as well as verify fence size. Once you’ve sketched your fence layout, use stakes and mason line or string to plot your fence perimeter based on your graph paper drawing. Use the stakes to mark where each post will be positioned. Fence posts should be between 6 and 8 feet apart. Stretch the line tightly between stakes, allowing the mason line to intersect at the corners. A great trick to make sure corners are square is using the “3, 4, 5 method.” Here’s how it works: Mark 3 feet on one line that intersects. Then mark 4 feet on the other line that intersects. Measure the distance between the two marks. If the distance is 5 feet, you’ve got a square. If it’s not square, adjust stakes accordingly.
Step 2 – Set Posts Posts are the backbone to solid fence construction. They need to provide strong support for the lifetime of your fence. Typically, posts consist of 4" x 4" pieces of lumber. Each post is set about one third of its length into the ground with concrete, gravel, dirt or a combination of stabilizers. Start post installation by digging the corner posts first with your post hole digger. To speed the process, you may want to start with a gas-powered auger and fine-tune your hole depth with the post hole digger. As a general rule, you should dig your hole half as deep as the fence is high - in this case 3 feet for our 6-foot fence. And, the hole should be 4 inches wider than your post. Next, insert your post to the appropriate depth – remember one third the length of the post should set inside the hole. You should always set corner 32 Outdoor Design
and gate posts with concrete for greater stability. You may use concrete to secure the other posts, as well, or you may tamp the soil that came from the hole around the post. Unless you want a truly unusual fence design with little functionality, it’s important to keep those posts straight and aligned with one another. A post level is great for accomplishing this task. This device attaches directly to the post and needs little work to ensure accurate alignment. For posts set in concrete, you should consider building a temporary brace to hold the post until concrete sets, which could be up to 24 hours depending on weather conditions and concrete type. Once each post has been set, string mason line from one post to another along the top of each post. This will ensure individual pickets and gates maintain a uniform height.
Step 3 – Attach Railing The railing is the lumber attached horizontally to the posts. The pickets or individual fence boards are applied directly to the rails using nails, screws or other hardware. It is common to use 2" x 4" lumber for railing. With the narrow side up, attach the posts with decking screws. Rails should be no more than 24 inches apart. Therefore, in the case of our 6-foot fence, we should see three railings between each post. You may use one continuous piece of lumber that expands the entire length of a fence section. However, you must make sure to attach the railing board to each post it rests upon. When you come to a situation where the railings meet on a post, ensure both railings meet in the middle of the post. Once all railings are installed, cut openings in railings for gates and remove excess wood extending past the posts at the corners.
W e welcome you to experience the latest
collection of Seaside Casual Furniture®.
Seaside Casual sets the standard for outdoor comfort and relaxation. Seaside Casual features: • 20 Year Warranty • EnviroWood® offers the quality, comfort and durability of traditional painted wood without the associated maintenance • 9 colors available
Stop in to visit our outdoor living showroom
3202 13th Avenue South • Fargo, ND 701-232-8903 • scheels.com SHH_OutdoorDesign2_2.09.indd 1
48” Salem Table with Shell Back Dining Chairs 5/21/09 4:37:21 PM
Summer 2009 33
Step 4 – Nail vertical pickets or fence boards Because we are using several pickets to assemble this fence, you may want to consider using a nail gun to save you time and reduce banging with a hammer. If you do choose to hand nail, it is recommended you use galvanized ring shank or spiral nails. Each board in the first row should be spaced less than the width of one board apart. Use a spacer to properly place the pickets. A spacer can be something as simple as the end of a 2"x 4" lumber piece. The key is to remember to space the pickets less than the width of one picket. Install the first row of boards down the length of one section by nailing each board to each railing it touches. If you choose, you may decide to construct your fence section with one row. However, “board on board” construction, used in this project, requires tacking on a second row. The second row of boards is centered over the gaps between the first row of pickets. Continue installing the second row down the line until the section is completely covered. Repeat this process for each fence section or side.
the right tools for the job. Rent it fRom Joe! • Scaffolding • Concrete Tools • Sod Cutters • Trenchers • Tables & Chairs • Pumps • Drills • Heavy Equipment
• Power Rakes • Chain Saws • Aerators • Wheelbarrows • Basic Tools • Turf Rakes • Edgers • Nail & Screw Guns
Rental - Sales & Service Available • 2811 Fiechtner Dr. S., Fargo • www.joerents.net
34 Outdoor Design
Almost At the Finish Line – Gate Addition You’ve finally made it to the point where you can relax and admire your hard work, but you may still have a few extra steps. If you decided to include gate entrances to your fence, you add them after you’ve attached each picket. The easiest method for gate installation is to use a pre-built gate that matches the pattern of the fence pickets. Of course, you may construct your own gate, but that process is not covered here. Purchase hinges and a latch that suits your style and function. Attach the appropriate parts of the hinge and the latch to the posts and gate accordingly. Keep in mind, the direction of the hinge must match the location of the latch. Finally, you can add a stain finish or paint to your fence for longer durability and style. And, of course, don’t forget to include any additional embellishments to reflect your personality and environment. With your fence complete, you and your family can bask in the wonders of your backyard paradise with greater privacy and security.
• Weed Control and Fertilization • Mosquito Control • Mowing • Edging • Core Aeration • Power Thatching • Fine Grading • Hydro-Seeding • Spring & Fall Clean-Up • Commercial Snow Removal, Hauling & Lot Sanding
Serving FM and Lakes Area
Let us be your ONE STOP for all your lawncare needs.
FERTILIZER & WEED CONTROL (5296) 3333 9th Street S. Moorhead, MN 56560 www.JTLawnServices.net
Summer 2009 35
Recipes for your summer! Everyone loves a picnic, whether you throw together a quick sandwich and chips, or plan a themed event. With a little planning, they can be a great time. Be prepared for your outing with the normal blankets, tablecloths, coolers, serving utensils, trash bags, bug spray, moist towlettes, and, of course, the sunscreen. Also consider the other activities you can do besides sitting down to a great meal. Bring along pails and other sand toys, beach balls, binoculars, frisbees, bubbles, bug jars, and books. Remember toddlers, children and adults: try to make it fun for all who are attending. Eating outdoors enhances the taste of food. However, with the warm weather and sunshine, there are certain precautions to take when planning the menu. Warm temperatures cause an increase in bacteria growth, so keep in mind these helpful hints:
Grilled Corn On The Cob 1 to 2 Cobs per person Butter Salt & Pepper ) Taco Seasoning (optional for 15 minutes Soak cobs of corn in water grill, and rotate on ce (husks remain on). Pla minutes. Check 15 10for k occasionally. Coo sks and spread with for doneness. Remove hu /or taco seasoning for butter, salt, pepper, and is very hot! n cor as a kick. Be careful,
Frog Eye Salad
1 box Acini de Pepe Macaroni 2 tsp. Salt 1 Tbsp. Oil
• Keep cold foods below 45 degrees and hot foods over 140 degrees. • Wrap foods separately, especially raw foods that will be cooked later.
Cook macaroni with salt and oil. Drain and rinse well.
• Do not partially cook meats that will be barbequed later. • Thaw frozen meats in a refrigerator, not at room temperature. • Do not transport food in the trunk of your vehicle (there is no air circulation and the trunk is much warmer than inside your vehicle). • Keep your coolers in the shade — pack extra ice and ice packs to help maintain cooler temperatures. • Throw away any food that has been outdoors for more than two hours. • Keep salads and any menu item made with mayonnaise chilled until serving. • Keep raw foods separate from ready-to-eat and prepared foods. With correct planning, your food will remain safe, healthy and enjoyable. From peanut butter and jelly sandwiches, to wine and a gourmet feast, picnics are a great source of summer fun.
36 Outdoor Design
Crust 1/2 c. Powdered Sugar 3/4 c. Butter 1 1/2 c. Flour a Mix together and press on a pizz utes min 3 10-1 for pan. Bake at 3500 until lightly browned. Chill. Topping 1 c. Orange Juice 3 Tbsp. Cornstarch if 1/4 c. Lemon Juice (can use less ose) cho you so
1 c. Sugar 2 Tbsp. Flour 1/2 tsp. Salt 2 Beaten Eggs 2 – 20 oz. cans Crushed Pineapp le 2 – 11 oz cans drained Mandari n Oranges 2 – 9 oz containers Cool Whip 1 c. miniature marshmallows 1 Tbsp. lemon juice Mix sugar, flour, salt, beaten egg s, and juice from canned pineapple. Cook ove r medium heat until thick. Cool and add lem on juice. Pour mixture over cooled macaron i and chill overnight. Add pineapple, oran ges, marshmallows and Cool Whip.
Layer #2 1 tsp. Vanilla 1/2 c. Sugar 8 oz. softened Cream Cheese t. Wash Mix together and spread onto crus r choice you of s fruit and slice up a variety of anas, ban ies, berr rasp , rries (grapes, strawbe place and i) apples, pineapple, blueberries, kiw . on cream cheese mixture Boil for one minute and cool to room temperature before pouring over the fruit layer. Refrigerate until served.
The long-anticipated season of the year is here. With the warm temperatures upon us, now is the time to head outdoors to kick up your feet and relax while enjoying the summer on the patios of the area’s restaurants. This ultimate patio guide showcases the cozy patios of some of the restaurant
patios in Fargo-Moorhead area. It provides readers with the food and drink specials available on the restaurant patios, as well as some other great information. Summer is
here, so head to the patios and relax! There is nothing better than good food and drink, great company and an enjoyable atmosphere. Eat, drink, and be merry! Summer 2009 37 Summer
the ultimate patio guide to fargo-moorhead Granite City
11 a.m. to 1 a.m.
11 a.m. to 11:30 p.m.
4 to 6 p.m. and 9 p.m. to close, Monday-Saturday
4 to 6:30 p.m.
$1 wines, cocktails, and micro brews; $2 off apps and pizza after 9 p.m.
$1 off taps and margaritas
11 a.m. to 1 a.m., and 11 p.m. to close on Sunday
4 to 6 p.m. and 9 p.m. to close Monday—Saturday, and Sunday 12 p.m. to close
Half price apps and 2 for 1 wells
Green Mill Patio Hours
11 a.m. to close
3:30 to 6:30 p.m. and 9 p.m. to close
$4.99 appetizers, $3 wells (Happy Hour prices all the time with mug club membership)
A Deck Built By You,
4347 12th ave N, Fargo 701-232-7782 www.valleylandscaping.com
Supplied By Deckmasters Far go, ND
Composite Decking Exotic Hardwoods Stainless Steel Screws Railing Kits Lighting Flashing Hidden Fasteners Outdoor Furniture Cellular PVC Decking Stains Ledger Screws Brackets & Clips Post Caps Framing Services Joist Hangers Deck Designs
5507 53rd Ave SW, Fargo www.deckmasters.net
38 Outdoor Design
Visit Our Showroom
Gather Around the Warmth in Your Backyard Outdoor Kitchens & Fireplaces New at Valley laNdscapiNg!
Doolittles Patio Hours
11 a.m. to close
South and West
3 to 6 p.m. and 10 p.m. to close
$1 off domestic and house wines; $2 off appetizers – Daily drink specials
Justy’s – Osgood Patio Hours
11 a.m. to close
South and West
4 to 6 p.m., Monday– Friday
Half prices apps, wells, and tap beers
Losing 40 lbs* gave me the conﬁdence to enjoy my summer again!
The last time I wore a bikini? About 30 years ago. I thought I’d always be spending my summers hiding under a big cover-up. Not anymore!
Come in today for a FREE consultation and to learn more about the Jenny Craig Program!
Call Jenny today!
FARGO | Village West Mall
701-277-0321 Lose 20 lbs for $20† †
Plus the cost of food
10 week limit. At participating centres. Clients following our program average 1-2 lbs. weight loss per week. No cash value. Not valid with any other program offer or discount. Restrictions apply.
*Results not typical
Summer 2009 39
the ultimate patio guide to fargo-moorhead Usher’s House Patio Hours
11 a.m. to 1 a.m.
3 to 6 p.m.
$1 off all drink and half price appetizers
Oxbow Patio Hours
6 to 9 p.m. Thursday, Friday, and Saturday
Fri. from 5 to 6 p.m.
$2.50 Corona Lites and margaritas
You provide the dream... ...We’ll take care of the rest
Skytosp$18J9r9.! as low a
Skytop Jr. base model not shown.
Redwood Contact us today and learn just how easy it is to make your dream home a reality. www.heritagefargo.com • 701.281.7184 Fargo Moorhead Chamber Choice Small Business of the Year for 2009
40 Outdoor Design
• Taller Decks • Bigger Beams • Swingier Swings • Strongest Joints • Innovative Design Leader Since 1975
5507 53rd Ave SW, Fargo 701-232-4001 www.deckmasters.net
5 to 11 p.m., Sunday– Friday
4:30 p.m. to midnight, Monday– Saturday
10 p.m. to close
11 a.m. to 11 p.m.
11 a.m. to close
4 to 6 p.m. and 9 p.m. to close everyday
4 to 7 p.m. and 9 p.m. to close
Half price appetizers; buy one get 1 free jumbo margaritas; $2.50 tall taps; $2.50 well drinks
Half price appetizers and pints for the price of a mug
1110 Hobart Street Hawley, MN 56549 218-483-3541 www.olsonpoolsandspas.com In Ground Pools • Above Ground Pools • Spas Chemicals • Saunas • Grills • Accessories
P LASH S e r o “M u r C a sh !” Yo Fo r
Great savings on 2008 Holdover Spas Pool Season is right around the corner. Come see us for all your inground and above ground pool needs.
Monday – Friday 8–6 Saturday 9–2
Summer 2009 41
What’s Happening in the area
July 15 – 18, 22 – 26, 29 – August 2
The Wiz 8:30 pm Trollwood Performing Arts www.trollwood.org
July 2nd, August 6th, September 3rd
National Muffler’s “Cruisin’ Broadway” 5:00 – 9:00 pm Downtown Fargo www.fmdowntown.com Book It to the Zoo 10 am – 8:00 pm Red River Zoo
Watermelon Festival 2 – 4 pm Gooseberry Park www.ci.moorhead.mn.us/parks
German Folk Festival 11 am – 5 pm Rheault Farm www.fargoparks.com
Fur Ball 6 – 10 pm Red River Zoo
Hawaiian Beach Blast 5:30 – 8:00 pm Rendezvous Park www.wfparks.org
August 15 – 16
Fargo Downtown Street Fair www.fmdowntown.com
Bonanzaville Pioneer Days Saturday 15: 10 am – 5 pm Sunday 16: Noon – 5 pm www.bonanzaville.org
Big Screen Movie Matinee 2 pm Veteran's Memorial Arena www.wfparks.org Water Carnival 2 – 4 pm Veteran's Memorial Pool www.wfparks.org
11th Annual Community Playground Carnival Noon to 8:00 p.m. Rheault Farm www.fargoparks.com
FREE! enter for a chance to win a FREE patio heater
We would love to see some of your backyard oasis creations. Follow these two simple steps for your chance to win and possibly have your photo published in your outdoor magazine.
1. Take a picture of your backyard creation 2. Submit your photo to our website at outdoorlg.com or mail it to the following: Studio 7 Productions, 503 7th St N, Suite 104 Fargo, ND 58102
Photo submission provides eligiablity into the contest. Winner will be chosen by Outdoor Design and Living Guide staff. Upon submitting your photo you release all rights to the photo and are giving permission for Outdoor Design and Living Guide to publish the photo in upcoming issues.
42 Outdoor Design
July 16 – 18
Walk & Roll-a-thon for Disability Awareness & Picnic 10:30 am Gooseberry Park Large Shelter
September 26, 2009
Family History Workshop “Cyber Family Trails” 8:00 am – 4:30 pm MSUM http://survey.mnstate. edu/heritageed/index.php
�orks of �rt
Surround Yourself With
our complete Landscape, Design & Install Resource
We have the largest area retail selection of: Flagstone Natural Stone Walls Character Boulders Ponds, Pond Supplies, & Koi Fish Architectural Pottery Gazebos, Statuary, Fountains Landscape Lighting Tables & Benches Birdbaths & Feeders …and much more!
Experience Our Beautiful Indoor/Outdoor Showroom!
Summer 2009 43 5508 53rd Ave. S., Fargo, ND | 701.237.6994 | www.naturalenvironmentslandscaping.com | www.gardenelegancegallery.com
We are grateful to have been a part of this wonderful community for over 120 years and thankful for the quality of life we enjoy here in the Red River Valley. We appreciate the lakes country, our parks and backyards and value the time we have with our families and neighbors to enjoy them. In turn, Knight actively seeks to lessen and monitor our eco-footprint. We are pleased to offer our house brand paper, a stock made from recycled paper products collected throughout our area. Working towards a cleaner environment, Knight maintains a section of roadway through the Adopt-aHighway program. Working together, we can make it happen.
Your Knight Team Please contact Rich Slagle, President and CEO, with questions or comments
701.235.1121 / knightprinting.com 3401 Fiechtner Drive South Fargo, ND 58103