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Board of Directors Rissa Kei Chua Chief Executive Officer Jennifer Vu Chief Operating Officer Rahul Chander Chief Commercial Officer Pincha Chinvanich Chief Financial Officer

There is a unique magic in moment minds meet moments of epiphany, groundbreaking ideas. The most po seem to revolve around an elusive ing to believe that divine knowled worthy brains of these mortals in

My love for writing stemmed from a with my relatives a while ago. The c sparked an idea within me: what if lication? I had all the tools, skills, a ing one had lurked in my subconsci why didn’t I start earlier? It was a remembered why I never started a I’d pledged to do in the past died d within my own mind. I believed th by sheer laziness and my lack of ed for fully-formed ideas to mani

What I believed to be my grandest “E mundane of moments. As if ​all​​elusive place, I got out of bed and decided tion. I woke up with a clear vision of I was going to name my publication. a large group. Momentum Magazin Or so I thought.

I started working, thinking I had e as time passed, a plethora of new that my understanding of starting a team, was limited. It was at Momen er dared to start earlier because I gin a publication, never mind gettin


ong but interesting ter from the editor

s of sudden clarity. Curious , and brainstorms turn into opular stories of innovation eureka moment. It’s temptdge implants itself into the one moment of realisation.

a small writing club I formed club no longer stands, but it f I made my very own puband time. The idea of startious for the longest time, so at this point, where I slowly publication. All the projects down with time or collapsed his stagnancy was founded momentum. And so I waitifest themselves before me.

Eureka!” befell me at the most es positioned themselves​​into​​​ I wanted to start a publicaf what I wanted. I knew what I knew I wanted to start with ne was my eureka moment.

everything planned out. But w ideas followed. I realised a publication and leading a ntum when I realised I nevfelt too unqualified to beng seventy people involved.

I was always trying to change everything to fit me and my standards, and to make things make sense. But sometimes, you need to be the change that you want to see around you. And I believe adaptability and versatility are the changes that drive our team forward. Thankfully, our minds can rewire themselves around new revelations. When I grasped the real epiphany, I​ understood​​something​​ that​was both frightening ​and​exciting: Realisation does not choose worthy candidates, nor does it wait to seize the perfect moment to bestow itself upon us. Thinking that we must be struck with instant eureka moments prevent seeds of good ideas from being planted. The secret of bringing out the best of a eureka moment, is within the implementation and creation of the work that we extract from it. If I had to understand everything about publishing before I began, I would never have started Momentum. Thank you to my incredible dream team for embarking on this journey with me – having people who are passionate about the team’s vision is a game-changer. All of you have helped me see how ideas don’t just pop into people’s heads from nowhere. Creation is not a single event but rather a process of transition – we must stop waiting for an epiphany to implant fully-formed ideas into our minds. The truth that our creations are forever subject to development will trail us​​through​​our best ​endeavours. An idea’s opaque nature is extinguished by our commitment to understand and work for what we believe in. To me, Momentum’s first issue embodies how we must accept that our stories may not ​follow​​the​original p ​ ath​we pave f​or​them. Our creations may wander elsewhere and bring in ​new​​ideas​. Let​ them.

Rissa Kei Chua Editor-in-Chief


table of TABLE OF contents CONTENTS


Editor’s Note

10 Member Spotlights 12 What is Momentum?


08 Where Are We?


Happiness Column

26 Starting Anew 28 Untold Stories


06 Meet the Momentum

22 Photography 24 Question of the Issue


Wishes Wanted

Time Capsule

Interview with Anna Dudchenko

34 Advice Column 36 Photography


The Creative Mystery of Inspiration.

42 High School: My Reality 46 A Must-Watch Playlist 45 Art



The Diversity of Eureka

54 Can I trust you? 58 Gasp






Credit Where Credit Is Due


Interview with Eliza Aguhar

An epiphany, from me to you

64 Priorities 68 The Everyday Epiphany


Tunes Playlist


Crossword Answer Key











MEET THE M Writing Editors

Graphic Designers

DIRECTOR: CHAYA KIMBELL DIRECTOR: MARC SCOCCA Amelia Zawadzka Eden Gringart Ehsas Kakkar Isabella Romine Jordanne Stewart Lasya Ramakrishnan Rachelle Kasilag Tanae Rao William Arent

DIRECTOR: THANH LE DIRECTOR: ÖZGE AHRETLIKOGLU Aerielle Ong Alice Schroeder Ava Davis Coleen Nunag Karla Acevedo Keith Herrera Lily Lee Rochelle Yuan Sehjot Sandhu

Layout Designers DIRECTOR: PINCHA CHINVANICH Abby Tam Andrea Garcia Bea Tayag Rei Masuya Tin Lon Chiu


Website Developers DIRECTOR: EFE AKINCI Gabby Banaag Muhsin Mohamed Rahul Chander Sindhuja Darisipudi Susan Xi


Comic Producers


Aerielle Ong Aisha Naik Alice Schroeder Antonia Grosoiu Eden Gringart Ehsas Kakkar Farida Amr Jordanne Stewart Özge Ahretlikoglu Sehjot Sandhu

Aisha Naik Amy Kim Anthony Kang Kit Fergusson Irene Ni Lindsay Moffatt Maha Ashraf Miriam Samuel Pai Sinpatanasakul Shreya Sharma Simran Kaur Valeria Ramirez Victoria Cheah

Media Managers DIRECTOR: BHAVIKA YENDAPALLI Arzo Baig Reagan Razon

Bloggers DIRECTOR: FARIDA AMR Aniket Duggal Anusha Riaz Atrayee Dutt Elyse Barg Natalie Chen Seungbin Kang




Member Spotlights S I N D H U J A DA R I S I P U D I , 1 8 What have you done for Momentum? My primary role at Momentum has been as a website developer. The web development team undertook the challenge of building the website entirely from scratch, so as one of the less-experienced members of the group, I have been focusing on front-end development. I have had the opportunity to add components to the website, such as the footer, but the bulk of my work involves improving the design and user-friendliness of the components that my peers create. This has given me a more interdisciplinary role, as I have been able to incorporate my interests for graphic design with web development, as I choose fonts, colours, and textures for the website. My decisions might be overruled by the graphic design team in the future, but I have enjoyed being able to bridge two different worlds in my role. Recently, I was also given the opportunity to write for the happiness column and write my own blog post, which has been great opportunities for me to dip my toes in writing for Momentum.

What’s a eureka moment you’ve had? It could be recent or something that happened long ago, but pivotal. One of the most pivotal eureka moments in my life has been when I realised what “self-care” truly was. For a large portion of my life, I had misconceived self-care as something about face masks and long baths and binging Netflix. Midway through my first year of high school, one of my closest mentors, offhandedly mentioned


that she had added a self-care routine: not procrastinating on replying to her emails. For a second, I was thrown off guard by the fact that she referred to it as “self care” - it had nothing to do with the self-indulging experiences that I had thought self-care was. As that conversation progressed, I realised that true self-care is nothing but doing things that your future self will thank you for. It is one where you learn to say no, choose what media you expose yourself to, discipline your sleep schedule so that you’re not up all night binging Netflix; you take care of your own well being. Although this “eureka” moment seems trivial, shifting my mindset to take care of my “future” self has led me to make some decisions that I’m incredibly grateful for, minimise the stress in my life, and maintain my mental health.

EHSAS KAKKAR, 17 What have you done for Momentum? I’ve assumed the position of writing editor for Momentum, as I enjoy the “behind the scenes” aspects of writing and creativity. Momentum allows me to explore specific dimensions of language with other editors, writers, and bloggers. I like to think of my role as one that feels appropriate to me, specifically. Editing allows me to work hand in hand with all departments and test out some unorthodox editing methods. One of which involves me reading out an essay in a posh British accent, to find out if every aspect of the former flows smoothly. Some of these methods of editing allow me to develop my own skills as an editor and bolster the author’s work. Or so I like to think! But truthfully, I enjoy editing a lot. Having the ability to help other authors and work with a common goal in mind drives me forward, and I don’t see myself stopping.

What’s a eureka moment you’ve had? It could be recent or something that happened long ago, but pivotal.

I definitely don’t have many ‘Eureka!’ moments. However, in saying that, every word and sentence said to me, sticks to me in some way. I remember listening to music on my way home from school one day. Rain pouring down the window, setting the scene for a sad story. But as I was listening to a song that felt oddly familiar, the only words I heard clearly were:

“After some thinking, I’d say I’d rather be A functioning cog in some great machinery serving something beyond me” This sat with me. It made me think. I’m from a country made up of people who want to survive. And I wanted to live. I had no clear place in the world at the time. But I don’t think anyone else did. I don’t think we’ll ever know what our true purposes are. And my ‘Eureka!’ moment at the time, was realising how no one truly knows of what their purpose is. My feelings of isolation and unknowingness dissipated. And, in a weird way, that unknowingness gave me a deep sense of assurance. I wasn’t alone, in this search for meaning. And honestly, I don’t think we ever will be.

AISHA NAIK, 17 What have you done for Momentum? I write for the magazine and am on the comic production team, so if you’ve met my friendly robots or genie with a secret, I’m glad you stopped by! Much like anyone in our generation, I seem to be perpetually tightroping the line between blaring rage and staunch optimism about the state of the world right now, which is why I started.

With the 24-hour news cycle and regional partisanship, we are fed the same handful of stories every day, making it impossible to get a scope of even the most pressing of issues a mere 1000 kilometres away. The time capsule is just a snapshot of significant events around the world that co-occurred in a single day, freezing the turmoil and upheaval inside the covers of our magazine. It’s fascinating to look at and question which headlines are the ones we immediately recognise and which ones we’re learning about for the first time.

What’s a eureka moment you’ve had? It could be recent or something that happened long ago, but pivotal. At any given moment (before the COVID-19 lockdowns), over half a million people were suspended at 34,000 feet in the air, whizzing around the world in 90-ton metal death tubes we affectionately call ‘airplanes’. Every minute, over 500 hours of video footage are uploaded to YouTube. The country of Papua New Guinea alone has 850 languages. We will never truly be able to visualise the scale and complexity of human activity, and that’s just us! There are 8.7 million other species on Earth, most of which we can’t even see. And that’s just Earth! There are hundreds of millions of potentially life-sustaining planets in habitable zones in the Milky Way. And that’s just our galaxy! There are two trillion estimated galaxies. Two trillion. Just sitting and taking in the sheer vastness and expanse of everything has been more comforting to me than thinking of almost anything else, and it never gets old no matter how many times I do it.




What is Momentum? Momentum is an international collective that warmly invites creators who share

The name was actually derived from the Google

our love for storytelling and our desire to

Chrome extension “Momentum.” Not only was

raise awareness for issues we care about.

it catchy, but it perfectly encapsulates how I

Our collective aims to confront various

feel about this project. On a personal level, it

sociocultural matters with urgency,

represents how I found the motivation to start

thoughtful passion, and a desire for

a project and see it to the end (which I don’t do

transformation. We’ve started publishing

often because I’m a quitter). On a larger scale,

through our blog and literary magazine;

the name symbolises our drive to use our time

however, we wish to transcend these

and talents to create ripple effects and generate

mediums and become a catalyst for social

memorable change. Our world is powered by

contemplation and celebration of dissent.

the strength of collaboration – an essential

Each issue has a theme which serves as a

ingredient for fundamental change – and only

creative prompt for writing and a segway

through this can we grow, prosper, and catapult

for Momentum to support charities that are

ourselves into a better future. At the start of our

somehow linked to the theme.

production, we were brainstorming on other

What inspired you to start Momentum? Ever since I was younger, I’ve been writing stories and creating illustrations and splattering them on stapled bond paper.


Why did you choose the name “Momentum”?

names just in case we wouldn’t be able to use Momentum – I’m delighted that we ended up keeping it!

What is your favourite thing about the magazine?

During my early pre-teen years, I started a

The magazine’s origins. Seeing such a diverse

mini writing club with my brother and my

ensemble come together and splash all of their

two cousins within my dad’s apartment

different stories and skills into one publication

complex (it was just us four). Albeit

amazes me to no end. Having that said, it’s

considered a significant waste of paper, it

even more fulfilling knowing that none of us

was through that club that I realised the

knew each other before the project started.

joys of not only working on a publication,

This magazine was built by strangers, who,

but doing it with others. That group has

united by a common goal, quickly turned

long been dissolved, but my desire to start

into acquaintances, then teammates, friends,

a publication of my own has not. That,

and family. Whenever I backread everyone’s

coupled with my interest in art and my

introductions, I get a sense of nostalgia, like,


wow, I can’t believe we really didn’t know each

burnout,” prompted me to jump out of my

other three months ago. And now we’re here

comfort zone (and quite literally, my bed)

with a full-blown magazine out. That is so weird

and start scouting for members.

to think about.

What do you want Momentum to achieve in the long-run? I hope that Momentum transcends its current medium of a magazine and expands our initiatives through writing competitions and submissions; mentorship programs, seminars, and workshops; collaborative projects with other student-led organisations; and possibly host ‘ideathons’ in the future. Although I have no plans of scrapping the magazine and blog, I am open to



pushing Momentum towards a more interdisciplinary approach and becoming more inclusive of topics such as technology, policy, and STEM. The plans above will hopefully become available as we dive further into the developmental stage, and we will develop these initiatives with our partner charities and organisations.

Are you confident in your team, management, and ideas? Why or why not? With management, not at all. Although I’ve had leadership experience within my school and community, this is my first time managing such a large-scale and international project. On top of all of that, everyone in my team is remarkably talented. As someone who is quite detail-oriented, I tend to micromanage a lot, but I don’t find myself having to do that at Momentum – I’m way too over-reliant on my team with all the tasks and their ideas (especially WebDev and ComProd). There was a time where our progress came to a standstill as I felt overwhelmed while trying to process all the great ideas and suggestions everyone was bringing in.

How does Momentum differ to other literary magazines you have seen? As far as I’ve seen, most literary magazines usually consist of prose or poems in black Times New Roman splattered on white backgrounds. Although our main content consists of poetry, short stories, and personal narratives, Momentum tries to diverge from the conventional idea of a litmag by including “contemporary content” – advice columns, interviews, puzzle sections, a comic section, and other genres of writing that aren’t often seen in literary magazines. Aesthetic-wise, we’re going for a quirky vibe, in between minimalism and collage – most literary magazines I’ve seen are either one or the other. We also have a core team for producing written content; however, we will also be accepting writing, art, and photography submissions from our audience to get the best of both worlds.


I believe that diversity within connectivity is the lifeblood of a progressive society. Our opinions are formed by experiences, and having international connections exposes us to the experiences of others, prompting us to change our perspectives so that they accurately reflect our society. In order to truly form a more united world, we must understand each other – and such an understanding cannot be achieved without us learning about each others’ stories and identities. While I did think about advertising it locally, I was confident that none of my friends would be interested in joining or would match my vision for the project. I also didn’t have any outlets that allowed me to promote solely within the Philippines – international promotion through social media was just a lot easier.


Why did you choose an international team rather than advertise for a local one?

Do you find that there are conflicts due to such a high cultural diversity? Does this enrich or stagnate the quality of Momentum’s pieces? Cultural conflicts are inevitable, but the use of a one-size-fits-all approach should come to an end. Momentum seeks to avoid like-mindedness through merging people’s differences (“melting pot”) and embrace likemindedness through honoring those differences (“mosaic”) to maximise the full potential and overall satisfaction of our team. By doing this, we can break the false notion of a dichotomy between identities and encouraging others to speak their minds. As I view Momentum’s works as a mosaic rather than a melting pot, I believe that the high diversity (in culture and in thought) we possess enriches our content and artworks. Oops, I might have given a spoiler to one of our upcoming issue themes!

Why did you choose to create a literary magazine and not a satirical/news one? I don’t connect well with satire, and the idea of starting a news-centred organisation or publication never appealed or occurred to me. Although news reports are essential, I acknowledge that it would be challenging to present each situation through an objective lens while giving it justice at the same time. I want to keep Momentum as apolitical as possible while still catalysing social change through awareness.




What would your advice be to other students who want to create a literary magazine? 1. Know people who would be willing to contribute. If you don’t, there are so many places where you can advertise your initiative and find people who’d be ready to join you and help you navigate your way. 2. Keep in mind that you need to do the work. By this, I don’t just mean scouting for contributors, creating content, and publishing them. Several tasks need to be managed in the process – readability, promotion, and branding aesthetic. Should any of these elements atrophy, it would be harder to grab an audience. Managing each of those small tasks constitute the real work you’re going to be putting in.

3. Make sure you love doing the work. If you don’t plan to bring people aboard, you’ll be doing all of it. Starting a literary magazine is not hard, but upholding a steady readership and a range of contributors is not easy, not to mention the editor and team’s need to remain motivated and involved, issue to issue. 4. Have a vision of what you want your magazine to be and what you don’t want it to be. Ideas change as you work on them, but if you dislike poetry or op-eds, clearly indicate that in your guidelines (which should be concrete enough to express your vision to your teammates and audience). At the same time, try not to limit yourself to a specific genre. Readers want variety, so give that to them. 5. Think of ways you can differentiate yourself from the pack - both content-wise and aesthetically. Content-wise, it could be the type of content you’re seeking and how specific you are in your guidelines. Additionally, the aesthetic of your publication should be reflective of the type of content published, so try your best to find designers who have an eye for creating art that mirrors your magazine’s raison d’etre, or designers who are willing to adapt their art styles to align with your creative vision. 6. Just do it. Upon research on how to start a literary publication, I stumbled across this blog post of a girl my age who shared what it was like starting a magazine. Embedded in the article was Amy Poehler’s quote: “Great people do things before they’re ready.” Now, I am not anywhere “great”, but reading this gave me the momentum I needed to get the ball rolling. Written by Rissa Kei Chua Founder of Momentum Magazine




May 30th, 2020 USA: [1]

Protests erupt across the U.S over the murder of unarmed African-American man: George Floyd


Amid the war with Yemen




Student Activist:

is reopened after three months of being closed due to the

Tourists have to wear face masks and practice social distancing to enter.

Safoora Zargar


[10],deprive%20one%20of%20citizenship%20rights. [10]

still in jail after protesting fascist CAA & NRC bills, Zargar applies for bail amid online sexual harassment from fake viral porn video and death threats.


[17] coronavirus-australia-live-updates/live-coverage/fa892a1bf9cf63f421ff897b92955492


Australian antivaxxers break

social distancing rules by holding a rally to protest against 5G and vaccines while claiming that COVID-19 is a scam.

SPACE X successfully launches

USA: [2]

Act of 2020 is published today by Congress. The draconian law, allowing arrest and detention up to 24 days without a warrant, is decried as a human rights violation

The Leaning Tower of Pisa Coronavirus pandemic.

Pregnant, Kashmiri

TURKEY: [13]

the pandemic

Britain resumes arms sales to Saudi Arabia to use in the war making Britain’s stand as a defender of human rights a hypocrisy .

INDIA: [10]

[13] html

worshipers hold their first communal Friday prayers in 74 days as government relaxes restrictions on

ITALY: [5]


astronauts into its






This is also the first launch of astronauts into space since the end of the space shuttle program in 2011.


AFRICA: [15]






their currency of CFA Franc with the Eco, ultimately



their on

France for placing their cash reserves



Today is the 1st day Venezuelan petrol stations will sell Iranian oil af VENEZUELA: [4]







forced to close up to

200+ cases

of national reproductive services as less than half of funding goal is met, leaving the country’s women to fend for themselves


across 13 countries (including Germany) of marginalisation, stigma and violence against medical staff during the pandemic- president says this issue could lead to healthcare system collapse.





Neighbourhood Association

Leaders of several

in Paraisopolis, Brazil’s most densely populated favela,


organises volunteer emergency response team and community aid in the absence of government services


against the killing

Ukraine artist dominika Dyla’s

demanding change

of George Floyd, and justice across

re-creation of traditional flower clowns vinok - showing another side of these historical clothing

the Atlantic.


fter a record breaking deal between the allies.


After ordering a 30-day state of alert, newly appointed Prime Minister Ludovic Orban breaches own coronavirus rules, pays fine of 3000 lei.


u o fi f n

enta ld am

face border disputes at the Himalayas. As China occupies Indian territory, India retaliates by bringing in thousands of reinforcements


n e t n e v e r p

India & China


in Africa speak out

a t e W r y i s e n r e d c y ru S iti ng vironm

[11] india-china-border.html



countries and US




YEMEN: [14]


k a e s l to e g a w e ts

o t o s l ’ a t i te e r o f e b e g a



Recent studies have shown that lockdown restrictions have led to a

On May 21st, 2020, the Pakista

drop in global air pollution. Countries like China, India and South

years, animal rights groups have

Korea, have seen an exponential drop in the PM2.5 levels. Countries

mate died eight years ago in the

that were once surrounded in clouds of pollution are finally getting clear skies and fresh air.



China has recently taken extensive measures to save the Pangolin,

On June 24th, 2020, NASA’s adm

the world’s most trafficked animal. The increased protection mea-

neer at the space agency. Jacks

sures include forbidding the use of Pangolin scales as medicine and

actress Janelle Monae. Her effort

upgrading the animal’s Wildlife Protection standing to Class 1, prohibiting almost all trade and use of the animal. The move is noted to be ‘the single greatest measure to save the pangolins’.



On June 7th, 2020, Jack Reid rea

Various investigators have shown that sound frequencies between 25 and 150 Hertz can improve bone density and promote healing. Cats

was feeling “fatigued” and the “d ley Llewellyn in a McDonald’s car

George Floyd and the ensuing pr

purr in this frequency range. Based on that, scientists believe that purring might be a low energy mechanism that stimulates muscles and bones.

With the passing of the law, Cos

president of Costa Rica began

commitment to humane rights in



an High Court ruling allowed an elephant at the Marghazar Zoo in Islamabad to be freed. For at least four

e worked tirelessly for the release of Kaavan, a 33-year old Asian elephant from Sri Lanka, whose only playzoo. The world got together and sent petitions to the Pakistani government that led to Kaavan’s upcoming release, marking a major milestone in animal rights.


ministration renamed its Washington, D.C. headquarters after Mary W. Jackson, the first Black female engi-

son’s work was recognized in the proclaimed 2016 blockbuster, Hidden Figures Figures, where she was played by

ts broke past racial boundaries and paved a path for African Americans and women in the engineering and technology field.


alised that he needed help. In an appreciative Facebook post describing the incident, he explained that he

demons inside (his) head” having gotten “a bit too much.” This drove him to approach police officer Brompark. Reid, who is Black, recalled feeling “a bit” scared approaching the officer in the wake of the killing of

rotests, but Llewellyn was ultimately able to listen to Reid’s story and arrange for him to speak with a mental health professional.


sta Rica became the sixth country out of Latin America to legalize same sex marriage. Carlos Alvarado, the

n his statement to his people with “you have begun in law what has existed in love”. This demonstrates a

ncluding those of the LGBTQ+ community by the country, providing an example for the rest of its American neighbors.




A team of professors at t

capacities. Interestingly e On June 15th, 2020, the United States Supreme Court delivered its

social distancing procedur

ruling that the 1964 Civil Rights Act protects members of the LGBTQ+

behaviors will follow". Com

community from discrimination on the basis of sex. The majority opin-

of evaluating the costs vs

ion, written by Supreme Court Justice Niel Gorsuch, states, “It is impos-

distancing, individuals mu

sible to discriminate against a person for being homosexual or transgen-

decisions''. The implication

der without discriminating ... based on sex”. This ruling has been received as a major victory for the LGBTQ+ community.

PLASTIC WASTE CAN BE REDUCED WITH PLASTIC EATING MEALWORMS A Stanford study has found that small mealworms can safely consume plastic, even ones that contain toxic additives. While various types of plastic are known to contain chemical additives, mealworms in the study have been shown to be able to consume different types of plastic without harmful chemicals building up in each mealworm’s system and


The German non-profit has,

trees. Ecosia targets the m

tackled the climate crisis b

animals, resulting in “heal

bushfires earlier this year a

without showing any signs of illness. The worms propose a potential solution to finding a biodegradation system for plastic waste.

THERE IS NOW A GLOVE THAT CAN TRANSLATE SIGN LANGUAGE INTO SPEECH IN REAL TIME UCLA Bioengineers have a working prototype of a glove that can translate Sign Language into text or voice via a mobile app. The full requirements are two thin gloves, a small face pad (to capture facial expressions that are part of American Sign Language) and the app. This is a major advancement since previous attempts were bulky and unwearable. The technology is made from inexpensive material, allowing more


signers to communicate with non-signers easily!

A 70-year old Chicagoan m

decided to push a refrige

hosting a Father’s Day barb

for the day. Eventually, the



the University of California discovered a link between individuals' working memories and their sacrificial

enough, this research initially sought to define a relationship between human memory and compliance to

res! They established that "the higher the working memory capacity, the more likely that social distancing

mpliance towards mildly inconvenient social distancing procedures relies on an "effortful decision process benefits of these behaviours in working memory". Before establishing a habitual attitude towards social

ust actively decide to follow these procedures and attempt to overcome the tendency to make "effortful

n of the study epitomizes the roots of human resilience and promotes the growth of our creative and anecdotal progression.


, for the last 11 years utilised most of its revenue from advertising on its website and app towards planting

most biodiverse countries, where tree loss equates to species loss. Hitting 100 million means that Ecosia

by removing “1771 tonnes of CO2 every day”, and they have created reformed habitats for endangered

lthy rivers, more biodiversity and fertile soil”. After multiple environmental crises, such as the Australian

and the devastating fires in the Amazon rainforest, the impact of this organisation will be seen for years to come.


man named Don Rosario was a carpenter worker who had to give up his job after an injury. Ever since, he

erator cart in the streets, selling paletas or Mexican-style ice popsicles to his community. When a family

becue saw him, they invited him and decided to buy all of his ice cream to allow him to go home and rest

e family started a GoFundMe, which reached $62,000 in donations, and although Don Rosario intends to

e to work for his own enjoyment, he is now able to relax and enjoy his retirement years.



Artwork by Rei Masuya & Thanh Le


In no more than 50 words extremely pas t u o b a e t a n o i s s a p y l e g m n i e k r t a x e m e m v ’ I o l I ! e r t a e y h t m l g a n c i i s s r u e m m m i d n a s e e c c i n o a h d c g o t n i t e c v a o l o s l a I . e l e o h r t l a a c n i i s f u l e m s y h w s i h c i . h e w m , r g o n f i s e r d t a n e a h t t h g i a r t s y s a s p d m n -Li atre tru

g n i r o l p x e s i s n o i s s a p y m One of y l t n e c e R . c i s u m f o s e r n e g t n differe e r o m g n i d n e p s f l e s y m d n I’ve fou t n e r e ff i d g n i r o l p x e / o t g n i n time liste y m f o e m o s g n i o d e l i h w genres e b t i r e h t e h W . s e i t i v i t c a y a everyd a , d e y o j n e I e m i n a n a m o r f an OST e m o s r o , o i d a r e h t n o d r a song I he n a h t e r o m t n e p s e ’v I l a c i s s a thing cl e h t n i c i s u m h t i w e m i t y 90% of m o z r A . o d I r e v e t a h w f o d n u backgro

e m s g n i r b t a h t g n i h t e n o s i e r The y n A . t r a s i t a h t d n a d l r o w s i h t joy in g n i v a H . n e t t i r w r o l a u s i v , t r a f o d kin s g n i l e e f y m s s e r p x e o t m o d e e r the f a n a h t e r o m g n i h t e m o s h g u o thr s y a w l a s a h n o i t a s r e v n o c e l simp e g a u g n a l a s i t r A . e m d e t a n i fac e n o y r e v e h c u m y t t e r p that y a s e r a d d l u o w I d n a , s d n a t s r e d un a i n o t n A . y l t n e u fl t i k a e p s I that

Since being in quarantin e, I’ve become passionate about l earning outside of school! Instead of only gaining information needed to pass tests, I have and continue to educate myself on issues around the world that don’t personally affect me , but are necessary for me to unde rstand. -Maha


e t a n o i s s a p y l l a e r ’m I , w o n t h Rig d e n i t n a r a u q g n i e B . g n i k a b t u o ab o r p n u y l e m e r t x e e m d e r e d n e r s ha s h t n o m e e r h t t s a p e h t r o f o s , e v i t c du r o f t e l t u o y l n o y m n e e b s a h g n i k ba e l l e h c a R . e v a h I y g r e n e e h t all

y r e v m ’ I t u b , y h w w o n e k s u y l f t e c r a I x ( e t ! ’ l l n a o b t Id o o f t u 2 o 2 b t a u o e t b a a n g o i n i s s h t e pa m o S , ) r h c e t c i c p o a s t d i l n l u a o r a to c l l a b a e g h t n i t a k t c i r k o p e l s p e o h t pe g n i y a l e p f i t l r a y t s m o f t o e t c m e p s led a n a s s ’ t a i s d h n E a . , p 3 u f o e v i g age r e v e l l ’ I k n i h t t ’ n I do

s a h m l fi , d l i h c a s a w I e c n i s r Eve e n i C . n o i s s a p y m e b o t d e u n i cont y m d e v a s , e f i l y m d e g n a h c s a ma h f o y a w y m e b o t s e u n i t n o c d n life a r a c i v g n i v i l d n a y t i l a e r g n i escap s i t I . n e e r c s a h g u o r h t iously a e r d n A . m r o f t r a g n i z a m a n a truly

Being in quarantine helped m rediscover e my passio n in maki art. For t ng he past f our mont I have hs, been fin ding my locked up self in my roo m and pai ing tirele ntssly all day. -Kei th

Writing is amazin through its imperfec perfect—just like h make us perfec a personified m back not only our ty within back at

p y r e v n e e b e v a a e I h y r o f y h p a r g o t o e ph h t e e s o t e m d e w h allo P . s e v i t c e p s r e p w t ne c e f r e p e h t d n fi o t n me o i t i s o p m o c f o e c e an t n o c d n a , e c n a l a b m r o f l u f i t u a a be

I’m extreme ly passionat arts: from fi lm to paintin in between. R ecently, I’ve about increa sing visual a I see it as an incredibly po w but I’ve noti ced that an in of my peers struggle to

a n o i s s a p I’ve been v o e c n e i c Neuros o r f e d i s A period. s ’ A N Y I e in th u S e c n e i Neurosc n i k r o w currently w t d n a review h s i l b u p to be e c n e i c s o Neur

s, what is something you’re ssionate about?

ng in the sense that ctions, it manages to be how humanity’s flaws ct—making writing mirror that reflects flaws but the beauourselves. -Anthony

t u o b a e t a n o i pass s a h t I . w o ars n l a r e v e s n i d e worl s e v i r d y h p a r hotog l a b d n a t n e t mom r u o l o c , g n i t h n, lig s a t i e e s I ext. y n n e B . t r of a

te about the visual ngs and ever ything become pass ionate art literacy b ecause werful form of art, ncreasing am ount connect wit h it. -Sindhuja

g n i y d u t s t ate abou n w o d k c o l ver the d e l l o r n e g om bein o t n o i t c Introdu m ’ I , e s r u o ummer C e r u t a r e t i l ng on a s e l c i t r a h c r a e s e r wo A N Y I e h t t a d e h a s s i R Journal.

g n i y o j n e y l h g u o r o h t n e e b e v ’ I e , h t w s o ’ t n I ! t g h n i l a Rig n r u o j r o f n o i s s a p d n n a l u o p f , s w s e e n r t s my e d , t n e v o t e m r o f y y a m w e t z c i e n f a r e g r p o y l l a i t n e s s e d n a s o y s a l a d I y . e m l b i s s out o p y a w t n e i c ffi e t s o k o m o e l h t o t n i g n e i t lif s e r e t n i y t t e r p e b l l ’ e t i c s t i a n i h t m k e r o thin t e r u t u f e h t n i m a e y h s t a L n o . e n i back t n a r a u q n i s a w e f i l w o h about

e k a t g n i d r a o b w o n s d n a s t e j r e t h Fig y e h t w o h p s a r g e t i u q ’t n a c I . n i w the o g h t o b y e h t w o n k o d I t u b , k wor e r i u q e r h t o b y e h t , o s l A . k c i u q y t i zipp e h t e k i l I ; n o i s i c e r p d n a l o r t n o c f o a lot n a s u S . s p o h y t i p p i h d n a s p o o l y t loopi

t a n i c s a f n e e b e v ’ I , d o o h d l i o t t Since ch u p s e l b a l l y s e l p m i S . s d r o . s e i r o ed by w t s f o s d n i k l l a e t a e r c o t k a e r gether b r o , y o j g n i r b n a c d r o w e l s w o fl A sing t a h t y r t e o p e t i r w n a c u o Y s r e v hearts. i n u e r i t n e e t a e r c d n a , c i n a c s like mag d r o W . r e p a p d n a n e p a r o , e es with p a c s e , n o p a e w , y p a r e h t o d o be your t e v a h u o y l l A . s s e c c u s a d i r a path to F . s e n o t h g i r e h t e s is choo

m l fi t u o b a e t a n o i s s a p y r e , g n i t i I’m v r w d e v o l s y a w l a e v ’ I . g y m n makin i m l i F e k a t o t g n i s o o l o o h c and ch s h g i h f o s r a e y o d l u o c final tw I t a h t e z i l a e r o t e m t r o h s helped g n i c u d o r p o t n i t a h t l e l u f r e chann w o p t u b n u f a h c u s s ’ t I t ’ n e v a films. h I , d n a g n i l l e t y r o t s a i r o t c way of i V . e c n i s k c a b looked

I’ve always been an avi d fan of flight simulators! It’s exactly h a l f w a y b etween the euphoria o f flying and the comfort of my blanket. Plus, you get to explore the world from a pilot’s eye in the sky! C an’t wait till I can get a private pilot’s li cense. - Rahul

y b d e r e d n i h t a h w e m o s h Althoug e t a n o i s s a p y r e v ’m I , e n i t quaran t u o b a n a g e b I ! g n i ft i l t h g i e about w d n a e c n e s e r p s t i d n a , o g a s r a e y three r e ff i d e h t l l a e d a m e v a h e influenc y n a m o s e d a m e ’v I . e f i l y m n i ence t u o h t i w e v a h ’t n d l u o w I friends n i g e b o t s m y g r o f t i a w ’t n a c it; I c r a M . n i a g a p u k c a b opening

Ever since I picked up a bo ok as a child, I have grow n immerse d in the world of stor y-telling . It is tr uly fascinat ing how one can bring a stor y to life through a plethora of words or the carefu l st rokes of an ar tist. The way a piece can hold so much detail be yond its surface-le vel appe arance is somet hing I w ill ne ver get tire d of. -Jennifer

Though m y interest movies bega i n horror n as mere trip s to the movi theatre for e s o m e screams consequent and laughter, my them blosso p a s s ion for med when I dug deepe Nothing ma r. kes me lose track of tim more than e exploring th e psycholog and cinemat y ography beh ind why the elicit such p y owerful emo tions. -Amy


Starting Anew Life with a hill tribe community

Hurriedly, I slipped my backpack over my shoulders and stepped off the bus. I was pleasantly greeted with bright sunshine and the scent of earth. I inhaled my first breath of fresh air. My legs had ached from sitting on the bus for eight hours, but I was too excited to complain. The anticipation was unbearable- it was my first day as a teacher. I had volunteered to teach English and arithmetics to young students from a hill tribe community in the Chiang Mai province of Thailand. First, I would meet with the other volunteer teachers and then head towards the school to start our first lesson. The first lesson was eye-opening. Since the school was located on a hill, the students did not have access to technology and electricity. Without it to aid us, we improvised by using our natural surroundings 26

instead. We gathered leaves and sticks in the forest and brought them to the classroom. These simple tools would be the key to teaching the students how to count. My first time as a teacher was nerve-wracking. Nevertheless, I gathered up my courage and introduced myself to the class before starting our lesson. I slowly went over the numbers one to ten, while pointing to the corresponding leaf. This counting exercise relied on visual learning and memorisation of sounds. We teachers allowed the students to practice their pronunciation of numbers in English and Thai. Aside from counting, we taught the students new vocabulary in both languages. We went over the names of everyday objects and their uses. This time, we used kitchen appliances and cooking tools as our learning resources.

The students’ eagerness and determination to learn and master a new language was evident. Every time I asked a question to the class, many excited hands shot up. I found I had begun to enjoy the lesson. During the trip, the teachers stayed in the same village as the hill tribe community. I stayed in a wooden hut with a roof made of straw. On our first day, I learned how to cook for the first time. The volunteer organisation I was traveling with provided ingredients such as raw pork, eggs, and freshly-picked vegetables. It was up to us as volunteers to prepare our own food using the ingredients presented. At first, I struggled with slicing the pork into smaller pieces. Another volunteer kindly reached out and offered to help me cook. She was already experienced in cooking since she was much older than me.

Written by Htairut Sinpatanasakul Edited by Amelia Zawadzka & Eden Gringart Artworks by Rochelle Yuan

This experience allowed me to learn basic life skills, which would be useful as I became older. Living in the hill tribe village also increased my discipline. Overall, I enjoyed my first volunteer experience as a teacher. Teaching the children was emotionally fulfilling. It warmed my heart to see them smile and witness their eagerness to learn and participate. They were full of excitement. I also enjoyed living with a hill tribe family and the other volunteers. It was a great experience to learn about another community and their way of life. As a result of my journey, I learned new life skills, as well as responsibility.


Untold Stories Joy, excitement, wonder, Rage, disappointment, giving up. They’re all provoked by color, By a brush, a canvas, and a painting cup. These are feelings that I now recognize, I embrace, and I let take me away. On a journey of low and highs, Wishing that forever here I could stay. There were times though when I didn’t know, That one could escape reality. A brush flowing across the paper slow, With a mind turbulent like the sea. I stepped into a new world, Not knowing the change I would face. At me, new emotions were hurled, It’s how I finally found my place. Now, four years after that first day, After looking up to more people filled with talent. I think I can finally say, That I found my artists’ palette. Forever grateful for the new life I encountered, For the future I proudly now hold. Content that over art I foundered, It allowed me to tell stories that were untold. Written by Antonia Grosoiu Edited by Isabella Romine & Rachelle Kasilag Artwork by Sehjot Sandhu 28

INTERVIEW with Anna Dudchenko

Antonia Grosoiu, one of Momentum’s contributing writers, conducted an online interview with Anna Dudchenko, an Oman-based artist of Russian origin. Over the last decade, Dudchenko has stood out as one of the most prominent figures in the Omani fine arts scene. Aside from working as a curator and art consultant, Dudchenko runs a column centred around contemporary art in Muscat Daily, the largest-selling English-language newspaper in Oman, and also contributes written works for Art Radar Asia and Art Asia Pacific. Dudchenko’s art exhibitions have also attracted several art collectors such as S. R. Nathan (former President of Singapore).

Artwork: La promenade des amis

Momentum’s first issue is about

My biggest discovery moment was in February 2004 when I

discovery - both sudden and

had my first solo-exhibition in Oman, and it was sold out. That

gradual. What was your big-

day shaped up the next 15 years of my life as it was on that day

gest eureka moment, either as

I decided to pursue a career of an independent artist and art

an artist or in relation to one of

consultant, and I never looked for a job since.

your artworks?


How has your Russian origin, mixed together

contemporary art scene. Why did you choose

with the cultural influences of Oman, affected

represent the humor aspect of your creations?

your perception of contemporary art?

When you use a human face in the picture you au In my opinion, art, in general doesn’t have a

associate it with a particular person, man or a woma

nationality. It doesn’t really matter where you were younger lady, or an older person; some faces are more born and what origin you have when it comes to

others are dislikeable. My intention was to make p

art. My perception of contemporary art is never

and think, and animals have a lot more character

the same. It’s always undergoing certain changes

when you put them in human-like situations. Apes, c

depending on the development of the art market

gorillas have the most interesting facial expressions,

in general, the people I meet, discoveries I make,

were chosen for this series.

exhibitions I attend; depending on my knowledge and experience, and the constant flow of the art-

I stumbled across this pencil drawing that highly

related information and news which we receive

the Japanese pictorial maxim of the Three Wise Mo

almost on a daily basis.

did you choose to portray the monkeys in such a w

I’ve seen your exhibition “Under The Influence,”

Dream No Evil, Eat No Evil, Post No Evil is a modern int

where you create an eclectic mix of humorous

of the famous symbol from a Japanese folk religion

and iconic artworks to question the


Artwork: Dream No Evil, Eat no Evil, P

animals to

parallels with the stories behind their creation. Full of hidden messages, these partially surrealistic drawings


are meant to provoke the dialogue

an, a child, a

between the artist and the viewer.

e appealing,

people smile

As a mother, it seems fitting to

r, especially

have some of your artworks heavily

chimps, and

influenced by motherhood or family

, hence they

life. What is the most family-related

y represents

onkeys. Why



n. The three

Post no Evil

Portrayed: Anna Dudchenko

monkeys in my artwork represent those seen in the proverbial principle of “see no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil”. In the original maxim, the three monkeys are Mizaru, who is covering his eyes to see no evil; Kikazaru, who covers his ears to hear no evil; and Iwazaru, who covering his mouth to speak no evil. In the Western world, the phrase is often used to question the character and morals of those who choose to deal with impropriety or wrongdoing by turning a blind eye. I decided to reinterpret this proverb in my own satirical style by giving Mizaru a sleeping mask, Kikazaru some headphones, and Iwazaru a piece of bubblegum. I’m intrigued by the concept behind your other exhibition, “Stories and Dreams” - most of the artworks seem to represent iconic literary figures as much older than portrayed in the original tales. What is your thought process behind such works, and how do they reflect your perspective on modern society? «Stories and Dreams» collection of pencil drawings was inspired by some famous literature characters: Alice in Wonderland, The Little Prince, one Hundred Years of Solitude, Lolita, etc. I was trying to imagine these iconic figures in their old age and build mystical

piece you’ve created? It would probably be the portrait of my daughter, Aliya. It is a pencil drawing called «Siesta» which features Aliya sleeping in a hammock cuddled up with fluffy animals. You seem to have worked with several mediums (epoxy, watercolor, pencils, oil) to express your ideas. Is there any medium that you feel helps you express the meaning behind your art best? No, I don’t have any preference in media. It is simply a tool to transfer your idea onto paper, wood, canvas, or whatever it may be. Idea comes first, and then I select the right media for it, and the right technique for implementing it. I work with pretty much everything: oils, acrylics, watercolors, pencils, pens, markers, industrial paints, spray paints, epoxy, plasters, gold and silver leaf, glass, rocks,





champagne corks, shells, etc. The list is endless.




Q: What are clear signs that show someone is in love with you? - Unsure and Confused Anon

A: Dear Unsure and Confused, Love is a truly magical feeling; however, the truth is that everyone is different. People love differently and hate differently. You can’t just find instructions by googling “What are 10 signs to look for if you think someone is in love with you?”As humans, we are so used to following instruction manuals and watching “How It’s Made” TV shows that most people get lost when it comes to feelings. We start doubting ourselves. Don’t lie; we ALL do it. However, throughout the last couple thousands of years, humans have gathered a few ideas on what “being in love” means.

Remember the middle school mindset? “If someone annoys you or is mean to you, it means they like you”? Forget that! If they are truly in love with you, they will be kind and caring. As cliché as that sounds, this person will do anything to make sure you feel comfortable. They won’t ask the boring “HOW R U?” question; their texts will be genuine, and they will want to know how you spent your day (even if it’s the most boring thing ever, trust me). They will play along to your dumb ideas just to make you happy (even if you think it’s cringe). Whenever there are days in which you feel down, they will do anything to make you feel better (even if it means embarrassing themselves for you). Also, there are going to be days in which they are busy and can’t talk. Even then, they will make sure to let you know that they are not ignoring you (don’t worry, it’s not the end of the world). Whenever you talk to each other, they’ll make sure to keep the conversation going; they want you to know that they want to keep talking to you no matter the subject. Next (and I know this is a big one for some of us), they WILL text first. Even if it’s just a “How’ve you been?” If they are truly in love with you, you’re probably on their mind as much as they are on yours, and they will try anything to start a conversation just so they can talk to you. They won’t always be sweet. They will be annoying to you in order to make you laugh, and if they think something they have said or done might be offensive, they will make sure you know they didn’t mean it in that way. Lastly, just trust your instincts; they are usually right. Not everyone behaves the same way when they are in love, so you have to trust yourself to see some of the signs as well.


Q: What are some really quick ways to de-stress for students that have a ton on their plate? - Perpetually-Stressed High School Junior

A: Dear Perpetually-Stressed, Firstly, the common fast methodologies, though simplistic, are effective. For instance, using free apps, such as ‘Smiling Mind,’ will enable you to practice mindfulness in short periods of time, such as 10 minutes. It is important to note that in this time you are not only practicing mindfulness, but taking time for yourself to wind down. I personally highly recommend this as it is a quick and easy way to regroup and/or relax. Exercising for short periods of time is also beneficial; you can find workouts either on YouTube, Instagram, or TikTok. Even going for 10-15 minute long daily walks will not only improve your vision, but your mood too. It is important to go outside and ensure your eyes are not only stuck in the books. Mindfulness, or even controlled breathing exercises (which can be found on YouTube), are the quickest ways to destress, stay focused, and remain calm.

Apart from physically doing things to improve your mental state, you must allow yourself to make mistakes and be kind to yourself! You will not always want to study, you will not always want to revise for three hours every day after a long day at school, and that is okay! You have to rationalise the work you have to do, whether it’s through drawing mind maps or making lists, sorting out the amount of work you have to do and the rate in which you must complete it is a quick way of calming yourself down! However, try to not let this justify procrastination.



Artwork by Rei Masuya & Thanh Le & Alice Schroeder & Jennifer Vu


The Creative Mystery of Inspiration. Inspiration is often viewed as the starting point for creating. When I first started brainstorming ideas for this essay, I thought about those creations that are often attributed to sudden bursts of inspiration that we often hear attributed to inspiration. It was interesting to me how one could suddenly have an idea that could fill them with enough momentum to create, but I questioned its role in the creative process. A great artist’s work is often credited to an equally great source of inspiration. Thinking this way, we may try to excuse our own lack of creativity to a lack of inspiration. But how important is inspiration to be able to create? Is inspiration a must have when it comes to writing? What we fathom as inspiration is a subject that has been discussed for millenia. From the times of Plato to now, it’s a complex concept to imagine and define, and it has certainly played an influential role in the development of many works of art. Here I will try to explore the relationship between writing and inspiration and how creativity may not require inspiration. Inspiration can sometimes be hard to determine as it can mean many different things to different people, but it’s generally regarded as the starting point for creativity. While trying to come up with a topic to discuss in this piece, I found that I was faltering in inspiration. I needed that ‘Aha!’ moment to get me going. So naturally I turned over to Google and searched for some wisdom that would help me get started. Fortunately I stumbled upon this neat little quote which I think adequately described my situation: “You don’t need to wait for inspiration to write. It’s easier to be inspired while writing than while not writing”. It seemed like exactly what I needed. It drew some comparison between inspiration and motivation (a desire or willingness to do something usually aimed towards a goal), which can often be confused since we see inspiration as the force that will lift us up and carry us over to the task at hand, instead of seeing this as motivation. I think of inspiration as a sort of epiphany that prompts within us this ineffable feeling of particular thoughtfulness and creativity. As I see it, motivation and inspiration work hand in hand. Inspiration is our rainbow leading us to a pot of gold but motivation is the light that can make the rainbow shine brighter. While inspiration can help, maybe you don’t actually need it to write. You may have heard countless stories about people getting inspired and going on to create masterpieces, most famously Newton getting inspired by an apple. While inspiration is important, I’ve learned that maybe you don’t need inspiration at all to make it to the pot of gold. Actually going to the keyboard and typing out words can make one write and by doing so one can eventually find the pot of gold, instead of waiting for inspiration to befall upon you. It may seem simple, but many authors have expressed this idea. For example, E.B. White once said that “a writer who waits for ideal conditions under which to work will die without putting a word on paper”. 38


From what I’ve read, it seems like inspiration often comes from doing. In doing, one can find the motivation to continue because only relying on inspiration won’t get us close to what we’re actually trying to accomplish, as we would only write when we felt inspired, even if we had the motivation. By writing, regardless of how inspired we feel, we would have at least created something that we can come back to when inspiration strikes. Even if we write without inspiration, we should still try to harness it when we can, as it can be a powerful tool for creation. Inspiration comes and goes when it pleases. While it is unpredictable, I think we should be on the lookout for it. Something as simple as keeping our eyes peeled to our surroundings can make us notice creative elements that could inspire us. Inspiration can really come from everywhere and anything, just look at Pablo Neruda’s famous Odas elementales (1954) where he writes about time, sadness and books, but also about bees, apples and even Walt Whitman, showing that one can write about everything, even common things. Authors will intentionally look for inspiration that suits their interests. Ransom Riggs, author of Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar Children started a collection of odd old timey pictures, which, in time, led him to create a story for them. Authors and artists alike recommend us to look for inspiration, to look for that spark of creativity, which, even though I argue that inspiration isn’t necessary, it can be a powerful tool within our writing. Inspiration has been part of the creative process for as long as it can be remembered, and as I have argued, it can be an important instrument in writing but it doesn’t have to be a necessary asset to start writing. Inspiration can lead us to our goal in writing, but what should be in focus is the writing itself because in doing so we’re allowing ourselves to look for inspiration within our words and thoughts. And if we don’t find inspiration we still would have created something that brings us closer to our goal. Even though it shouldn’t be our main focus, inspiration can be an important aspect in our writing. Despite its spontaneous nature inspiration can be sought out if enough attention is paid to the things that surround us and interest us, since it can come from anything and anywhere. Inspiration is not something we can control, but I don’t think we should be worried about this since we can create so much even without inspiration. If we really want to create something, we should just do it and not wait for inspiration because inspiration can come when it wants, but creation begins with you.


Written by Valeria Ramirez Edited by Ehsas Kakkar & Eden Gringart Artworks by Thanh Le



Artwork by Alice Schroeder



Artwork by Pincha Chinvanich & Muhsin Mohamed


THE DIVERSITY OF EUREKA It’s slightly terrifying to think that we are expected to dictate the rest of our lives (at least, to a certain extent) as mere eighteenyear-olds. Before we even graduate high school, we have to decide whether we want to pursue further education, and if so, what we specifically want to study. Truthfully, a good number of people end up in jobs that are completely unrelated to their university majors. Yet, picking a major does ultimately open certain doors and close others. With all of this in mind, how on Earth do you know if you’re making the right decision?

the other hand, had a different experience altogether. Years ago, I sat next to my best friend, mourning the sudden death of her father. I remember how helpless I felt in that moment, desperately wanting to offer support in some way, yet not knowing how to. Despite everyone’s best efforts to provide support, my friend lost herself in sorrow, spiralling down an abyss of despair. It wasn’t until she began visiting a therapist that we finally saw her beginning to heal. Seeing a glimmer of the girl she once was beginning to re-emerge left me simultaneously ecstatic and awestruck. So many questions were racing through my mind: What did the therapist do? How did she know exactly what my friend needed? How did it feel being able to change lives, or even save them?

For some, it’s almost innate knowledge; they have ‘a calling’ and seemingly, never have to even consider other career paths. For others, it slowly dawns on them as they “That was my eureka grow and develop, discovering moment - the instant I their strengths and weaknesses, decided I wanted to study their passions and dreams. I, on



I was much younger then and began reading books before taking IB psychology. The course only reaffirmed and continued to fuel my interest in the subject, and I’ll be going to university to study Psychology this fall. I am grateful for my eureka moment, and would have no sense of direction in terms of my future without it. However, I know many people who are still lost and confused, perhaps even fearing higher education due to the misunderstanding that it is necessary to immediately commit to a major. This is far from the truth. Many universities don’t require you to declare a major in the first year, leaving you free to take any courses that you find interesting. I believe that everyone will experience a eureka at some point in their lives. We wouldn’t be where we are today without so many decades of discovery and realisation. The thing about eureka, though, is that they are sudden or accidental. My eureka was about my future academic career. Isaac Newton’s led to him developing the theory of universal gratification. Einstein’s prompted him to create the general Theory of Relativity. Perhaps yours will be about something else entirely – you might discover you have a knack for an instrument, or maybe you’ll figure out the solution to that one math problem you just can’t seem to solve – and that’s okay. Every eureka moment, whether or not it is globally recognised, deserves to be celebrated. Don’t lose sleep worrying about why yours isn’t about what you wanted it to be, or why it is yet to happen. Instead, when it does take place, seize the moment and act upon it. After all, eurekas are only as good as the amount of work and effort you put into the follow-up. Written by Victoria‌‌Cheah‌ Edited by Eden‌ ‌Gringart‌ &‌ ‌Ehsas‌ ‌Kakkar‌ Artworks by Keith Herrera 49

Credit Where Credit Is Due

The forgotten contributors to Eureka moments

James Watt invented the steam engine, Alexander Fleming invented antibiotics, and Guglielmo Marconi invented the radio. These are three widely influential creations whose inventors you may have heard the names of before, but the eyes of the general public skip over the other incredible people who put their efforts into these discoveries. Discoveries don’t occur overnight; these life-changing inventions took years to come about and were built off of smaller past advancements. The road to an invention is rarely as simple as the ‘eureka’ moment described in stories: if Democritus hadn’t philosophised the existence of a ‘smallest particle’ thousands of years ago in Ancient Greece, Schrödinger’s quantum model and its immense contribution to our understanding of the world-would be generations away or perhaps entirely unattainable. Insulin was one of the most significant discoveries in the last century. Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schaffer discovered that the cause of diabetes were malfunctioning islets in the pancreas circa 1894, even coining the term ‘insulin’ as a result of his work. This foundation allowed Frederick Banting to build on this idea and began experimentation intending to isolate the secretions of the islet cells as a diabetes treatment. Banting approached physiologist John James Rickard Macleod to request lab space and facilities at the University of Toronto where Macleod taught, but Macleod was hesitant because Banting lacked experience.


Macleod did eventually allow Banting some lab space and became a member of the research team by assisting in the general research structure. Banting took on an assistant, Charles Best, who was more well versed in chemical testing. Much later in the research process, the three men, struggling to isolate the insulin for use as a mass-produced treatment, discovered James Bertram Collip, an experienced biochemist. Macleod, Best, and Collip allowed Banting to turn an idea into a fully-fledged invention. Without Sharpey-Schaffer, Banting would never have had that moment at all: the information he based his concept on would not have existed. When teaching about the discovery of insulin, all five of these names should be mentioned: without them,

his ‘eureka’ moment would have been nothing but that: a moment. It is essential to credit everybody who contributed to a discovery because otherwise, society will fail to recognise the importance of collaboration. Without collaboration, these discoveries would not have happened, so it is reasonable to assume that without cooperation, there would be no further discoveries.

This means that by only crediting one person for the work of many, one inadvertently slows our society’s progress. Looking forward, our survival as a species is dependent on scientists learning more about clean energy and sustainable living: otherwise, climate change will kill us. Through this example, it can be inferred that only recognising single people, rather than entire teams, for each invention, could potentially indirectly hinder our chances of survival as a species. Failing to recognise all contributors to an invention may seem like a small misstep,

but repercussions could theoretically be devastating. Outside of this dramatic prediction, only crediting one of the many scientists involved is merely unfair. I​f you were a member of a relay team, and upon victory only the last runner received credit, you would be outraged, so why does it not seem so apparent that all of the members of a research team should be recognised? W ​ e owe recognition to the incredible minds that advance our society because, without them, the human race would not be able to adapt to our growing population and changing needs. Written by Lindsay Moffatt Edited by Chaya Kimbell & William Arent Artwork by Lily Lee




B b B b B b B b B b B b B b B

BEEP BOOP beep boop can i trust you? beep BOOP BEEP boop “You ever been punched in the nose? BEEP BOOP beep boop beep BOOP BEEP boop BEEP BOOP beep boop beep BOOP BEEP boop BEEP BOOP beep boop beep BOOP BEEP boop BEEP BOOP beep boop beep BOOP BEEP boop BEEP BOOP beep boop beep BOOP BEEP boop BEEP BOOP beep boop beep BOOP BEEP boop BEEP BOOP beep boop (also, what exactly is the function of a rubber duck?)

Oh my god, it’s the only story I have. I was punched in the nose with a sombrero and thought, This is because of the election.” tweets a comedian robot. In 2018, news broke of an Artificial Intelligence able to ‘imagine’ and generate completely novel HD images of human faces. Faces of people that don’t already exist. Bots have also written a Harry Potter fanfiction entitled ‘’Harry Potter and the portrait of what looked like a large pile of ash’’, even ringing of Rowling’s permeating authorial voice. From self-healing robot arms to AI composing music that listeners thought sounded ‘emotional’, it is becoming an increasingly futile exercise to preclude machines from our conceptions of consciousness. But what is consciousness? Is there a core of subjective experience that all humans share in common? If so, why do we think we’re the only species in the world to suffer from it? In 1901, the Wright brothers thought that flight was fifty years away. Two years later in 1903, they flew for the first time. Enrico Fermi said there was only a ten percent chance that nuclear fission was possible. Three years later, he built the first reactor himself.

“If one could devise a successful chess machine, one would seem to have penetrated to the core of human intellectual endeavour” proclaimed Newell in 1958. This was, according to experts, the last bridge AI would have to cross before being heralded as having ‘human levels of intelligence’. Thirty-nine years later in 1997, Grandmaster Garry Kasparov lost a game of chess to the supercomputer Deep Blue. Today, you’d be hard-pressed to find someone who hasn’t smirked as they checkmate their computer on easy mode, only to venture into difficult mode and hang their head, annihilated in ten moves. As chessplaying AI has become mainstream, it has been dismissed flippantly


as ‘not a mark of real intelligence’. This is an attitude described by the ‘AI Effect’, where as soon as AI solves a problem, the problem is no longer a part of AI. Experts have complained how “Every time we figure out a piece of it, it stops being magical”, with Douglas Hofstadter lamenting that people think “AI is whatever hasn’t been done yet.” On the accelerating treadmill of hurdles we lob skeptically at robots before we can call them ‘intelligent’, we often get carried away. Are they creative? Do they have emotions? Can they be lazy? Do they have free will? Can they be selfish? These are questions no human is supposed to ask. We think that their intelligence is illusory, that it is a simplistic veil of design with no depth - a creative act. We demand every profound and depraved facet of the human condition from our robot friends before we dare welcome them to our exalted ecological niche. Planes don’t flap their wings like birds, yet both fly. A robot would not have to mirror the human brain to be ‘intelligent’. What we need is a robot that can mimic intelligence and intelligence that can mimic a robot. Why then, even when we are demonstrably irrational in doing so, are we so stringent? Is it a last defence against the fear of watching our carefully calibrated understanding of self unravel?


In general, the more something looks like us, the more we like it. However, when it looks too much like us, our affinity for it plunges sharply (think Annabelle Doll or a humanskinned robot) - a concept called the ‘Uncanny Valley’. I’d argue that our repulsion towards the appearance of extremely human-like robots

explains our deep distrust of Artificial Intelligence as well. The unifying factor is fear. Nothing more than fear; a primal sense of vulnerability which instinctively seeks to mask itself. c

It is in this wasteland at the border between ‘us’ and ‘other’ that we are most viscerally disturbed. Between alive and dead, between man and machine.

“Because here, in this unenviable place, we find the powerful forces that make humans inhuman.” From “Frankenstein” to “The Exorcist”, duality strikes at the very core of horror. The allure of zombies, the paranormal, and the clinically insane are all vestiges of this. They are like us, but not quite. They are among us. They are a threat. It is telling that the very first test to classify AI was the now infamous Turing test: if it can fool a human into thinking it’s human, it is intelligent. As with the best horror movies, our response to AI is permeated by equal parts curiosity and fear. Here, a quintessentially human and vulnerable sentiment is revealed: can I trust you? Wherever the next few decades lead, Arthur Weasley has a pretty strong stance on the matter: “Never trust anything that can think I wouldn’t trust me if I were you for itself if you can’t see where it because this article has been keeps its brain.” co-written by an AI. The sentences in black bold were Written by Aisha Naik generated entirely by GPT-2, the Edited by Tanae Rao & Isabella Romine most advanced language model Artworks by Alice Schroeder in the world as of 2020. 57


He gasped for breath when he was born, gasped for breath as the doctors installed tubes into his mouth due to his asthma, gasped for breath before teachers, classmates, or coaches berated him for a mistake, and gasped for breath as he tried to pretend to be something he was not simply because others asked him to. Simply put, Adam had been gasping for breath his whole life; that was until he met Caleb. Although it had only been a day since they met, there was something about saying goodbye to Caleb that was different from saying goodbye to anyone else. It was a mixture of great fear that he would never meet someone else like him ever again in his life and of great hope that he could meet someone else like Caleb again. How was it that in a universe where everyone had a 1 in 400 trillion chance of being born in a world where people existing could be a miracle did these two friends manage to overcome the statistical impossibility? How was it that they could manage to defy the unassailable odds and end up being born at a time that allowed them to meet each other as they did now? How was it that, despite the 7.7 billion people on this planet, they still managed to somehow meet and be in each other’s presence for even more than a moment? It was in those moments when Caleb could hold out his hand, and Adam could take it that it wasn’t so frightening anymore. For in those hours, Adam finally knew what it was like to want something—someone he could call a friend, and maybe even something more.


A part of Adam wished he could tell Caleb just how much he strangely meant to him, but another part of him worried it would ruin the moment. Yet when Caleb shook Adam’s hands, Caleb looked up at him for a moment and said, “This isn’t goodbye, Adam… this isn’t goodbye.” Realizing that he wouldn’t ruin the moment no matter what he said, Adam breathed a heavy sigh of relief before he looked back up with a shy yet triumphant smile: “Actually, this is goodbye, because goodbye is merely another opportunity to say hello all over again. And I want to say hello to you all over again, Caleb.” Caleb chuckled and returned the grin. “Okay, Adam. Okay, but if you do decide to say hello to me all over again, just make sure to not do it at 1 in the morning.” Adam gave him a sly look. “Uh-huh, don’t worry about that. I know you need your beauty sleep.” “What? No, I just like my sleep.” Caleb chuckled. “Yeah, you really do. I can’t believe that last night, you literally fell asleep. Who falls asleep that quickly?” “Oh, I wasn’t asleep then. I was just i gnoring you.” Adam gave Caleb a big nudge as the two of them chuckled and blushed at each other. Once the laughter started to die down, Adam reached out to embrace Caleb when he realized he wasn’t gasping for breath anymore… he was breathing.


Written by Anthony Kang Assisted by Lasya Ramakrishnan and Marc Scocca Artworks by Özge Ahretlikoglu

An epiphany, from me to you

An epiphany, from me to you An epiphany, from me to you


Written by Simran Kaur Edited by William Arent & Lasya Ramakrishnan Artwork by Coleen Nunag

An epiphany, An explosion of invigorating colours rattles my senses like the ooze of fresh honey, like the warmth of the sun saturating your body on an early summer morning. A feather-like unconsciousness forces my mind blank, but as the light-headedness eventually fades, the fog moulds into a cloud of familiarity; a symbol we can constellate into peace and the pursuit of finding one’s true identity. An epiphany, my “eureka” moment, a peak of self-exploration that was just found. Maya Angelou describes an epiphany as having “a million definitions. It’s the occurrence when the mind, the body, the heart, and the soul focus together and see an old thing in a new way.” To some, this may be the realization of a small detail in life or a ground-breaking discovery in a scientific field. Regardless, it is truly about what matters for you and what it takes for your mind, body, and soul to see something in a new light. Our interpretation of the world is determined by our childhood, with the environments, and values we are taught forming a “contract” towards the development of our own thoughts. To take from this childhood knowledge and independently discover the world—and yourself—is an epiphany in and of itself. Growing up, the notion of love perplexed me. With body image and confidence issues plaguing my mind, self-love often seemed like a foreign and distant concept. The naturality of friendships falling apart had somehow convinced me that my own self-worth was the epicentre of my loss. The love, or lack thereof, that I held for myself reflected on the love I sought from others; a perception of love that I believed came with terms and conditions. The experiences in my life revoked ideals and set parameters in my mind describing what I was allowed to crave and expect in my relationships with others. This lent to a willingness to jeopardize personal values, needs, or integrity due to the blindsight of the voice and choice I held. I began to find myself in relationships with unreciprocated warmth and loyalty, believing it was warranted to my character; a false sense of contentment that I devel

-oped with the prioritization of the happiness of others before my very own. Growing up, I was unaware that only we can know if we are being loved the way we truly want to be loved. With this, my epiphany was grasping that we accept the very love we think we deserve. My epiphany was the rewriting of parameters of the love I believed I deserved, the way any contract can be appealed and enhanced. My epiphany was the blossoming and acknowledgement of my own identity, the strive to thrive not for others, but alongside others, in balance with my own fundamental needs and expectations. The world may have been unkind to you. Your parents may not have shared enough affection. Somewhere in your childhood, you may have been convinced that you are worth less than the next. A friend may have stopped talking to you. You may not have liked the way your mirror looked back at you. Your first love may have broken up with you without explanation. Maybe you were five, maybe you were 16. Maybe it’s deeply woven into your memory and it keeps you up at night. Maybe you don’t know it at all. Regardless, understand that the faults, flaws, and losses within your own experiences are what make you human. A sense of self-realization beginsto unravel when you explore what it truly means to hold your identity, your self-esteem, and groundedness. It is a revolutionary act to live, learn, and grow from what the world has led you to believe. To embrace who we are, just as we are, and to reflect this onto what we hope to seek. The love you accept and settle for is nothing but a reflection of the love you water yourself with. With this, the epiphany of self-realization and self-love is the greatest takeaway you can have to live a life of fulfilling relationships, within the framework of your own needs and desires in balance with others. Do not settle for anything less. Each of us is deserving of all-encompassing, seemingly overwhelming love, that sometimes seems to stifle us yet one we could not possibly live our lives without. You deserve a love so big it sets the stars on fire; so expansive, it weaves constellations for you so you never forget who you are. That’s an epiphany, from me to you – you deserve love. 61

LEMON YOGHURT CAKE This is a simple and yummy recipe to prepare (and impress) for friends and family for any occasion! You’ll have to be careful though, there will be too many willing taste testers who will want a slice. Read below to find out how to make it yourself.

1H 30M

6 servings




Margarine · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 125g Caster sugar · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ¾ cups Eggs · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 3 Lemon rind · · · · · · · · · · · · 1 (finely grated) Natural yoghurt · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ½ cup Self-rising flour · · · · · · · · · · 2 cups (sifted) Sesame oil · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 2 tablespoons Dried apricots · · · · · · · · · ½ cup (chopped)

Cake tin Hand mixer Skewers Cake rack suggestion Although this is a lemon yoghurt cake, you can experiment and alter the cake however you want to! A suggestion of mine is, to instead of adding apricots, adding other dried fruits such as peaches or even dates, for a sweet substitute.

preparation yoghurt icing • Mix together 1 tablespoon natural yoghurt and ½ cup of sifted icing sugar • Set aside until cake is complete

cake • Preheat the oven to 180 degrees Celsius or 160 degrees Celsius fan forced • Line and spray the loaf tin with cooking spray

• Gently fold in the lemon rind, yoghurt, flour, and dried apricots with a wooden spoon • Empty mixture into the loaf tin and bake for 1 ¼ until a skewer can enter the cake and comes out clean from the centre of the cake. • Turn cake out onto a cake rack to cool and once cooled, it can be iced with yoghurt icing and if desired, chopped dried apricots can be sprinkled on top of cake

• In a bowl, add butter and sugar together and cream together will hand mixers un-

Voila, you’re done! Enjoy, and don’t forget

til the mixture turns light and fluffy

to share (or don’t, it’s up to you :D)

• Add eggs, one at a time, beating well between each addition


TRUFFLES TRUFFLES TRUFFLES ingredients 1 pack of Marie biscuits (or any subsitute) ½ cup of shredded coconut, plus extra for the mixture to roll in 1 tin of condensed milk 2 tablespoons of cocoa M&Ms (optional) White chocolate (optional)

equipment Bowl Wooden spoon Baking tray

Recipes by Maha Ashraf

This dish is perfect to get your hands dirty and is so easy to make that anyone can make it! I find that making this dessert with friends is so enjoyable, because you can be creative and have so many fun with it. Read below to find out how to make it.

1H 10M

6 servings


preparation • Crush biscuits • In a bowl, add the coconut, cocoa and condensed milk and mix thoroughly with a wooden spoon • Once done, roll into balls and then roll in the extra coconut mixture • Then, place on a tray and put in fridge to set for 1 hour, then serve Optional: M&Ms can be added on top of the truffles before putting in the fridge suggestion If you’re impartial to cocoa, white chocolate can be used as a substitute instead! Also, you can add any type of topping to the truffles once rolled. I would recommend melted chocolate and sprinkles, but anything from strawberries to crushed nuts would be delicious.



Priorities To his right, the erratic humming of the photocopier. He’d been meaning to ask James to get the thing fixed. Around him, the clacking of fingers running across the keyboard. He was certain their numbers would far exceed their goals. In the air, the pungent smell of coffee, dark and bitter. “Great presentation, Mike.” A voice he recognized. Vaguely. A nod of acknowledgement, coupled with a “Thanks.” In his arms sat a stack of papers large enough to have caused the death of a tiny forest. Mental note: an electronic format would be better next time. A thud as the reports were dropped on the desk. A soft whis tle, dark eyebrows raised in pleasant surprise. “Early again, Mike?” A nod. Laughter reverberated around the office. “I ought to offer you a promotion, Mike.” Indeed. One was long overdue. He flashed his winner’s smile. He adjusted his tie. Needn’t have—it was immaculate, as always. A cursory glance at his wristwatch. He had places to be, things to do. He made small talk. Yet, his plan for the next assignment was already coursing through his head—numbers, logic, budgets: the works. A curt nod. He left. Finally. Lots of work to be done. Little time to do it in. The perpetual struggle. An irritating whirring. The darn photocopier again! Mental note: talk to James soon. No time to waste. Things wouldn’t just do themselves! 65

*** It was late when Mike finally walked into his empty apartment. Another productive day! His to-do list had been thoroughly completed; what else could a man ask for? As he sunk into a chair, he noted the pin-drop silence; the kind that made his solitude painfully pronounced. Not that he’d have it any other way, of course. It was a Friday night; he didn’t doubt his coworkers were scattered across town—in restaurants, bars, cinemas, having fun. He scoffed. He was building his future! They wouldn’t understand. They might be content with wiling away their time on frivolous gettogethers, but not him! People said he was consumed by his work. Well, they were wrong. It was the work that consumed him, or so it seemed. Yet, he was glad for it! That was what he told himself; perhaps, if he said it often enough, he too would one day come to believe its veracity. He raked his hands through his hair, which at the start of the day, had been perfectly coiffed. He was fastidious about his presentation; he had a reputation to protect, after all. When was the last time he’d gotten more than four consecutive hours of sleep? The answer eluded him. As if that mattered! He had more important things to do. He jumped to his feet, much too restless to sit still. As he paced back and forth, he caught a glimpse of his reflection; a stranger stared back at him. His tie was askew; his gaze was hollow; his body outlined in weariness. He shook his head, reminding himself that this was a small price to pay for success. But then why, why did it weigh on him so heavily? One more project, one more assignment, one more promotion: isn’t that what he told himself? Would it ever be enough? Most 66

days, the answer was a resounding yes, but today he was tired—so very tired. For the first time in a long, long while, he wasn’t sure. He was thriving professionally; people at work looked up to him and he was, without a shadow of a doubt, the most adept of the lot of them. It was everything he’d ever dreamed of achieving; why did it leave him feeling so empty? Why did the prospect of returning home to an empty apartment each night sadden him? He had convinced himself his life was just one big trade-off: professional or personal. Time and time again, he’d made the only reasonable choice any level-headed person would make— professional, that is. Yet, unbidden, a thought crept up: what if it wasn’t “this or that”? What if it wasn’t “one or the other”? Could he perhaps have both? A small sliver of hope coursed through him. Increasingly, he was coming to realize that life was a game of priorities, and he’d placed his bets on the wrong ones. He set his jaw and straightened his tie, feeling a sense of purpose—a determination he hadn’t felt for a while. Was it too late to change? For his sake, he hoped not.

Written by Shreya Sharma Edited by Rachelle Kasilag & Lasya Ramakrishnan Artworks by Thanh Le


The Everyda I did not meet God at the top a mountain in the fiery sunrise. I met God over a box of chicken nuggets on a grey day in the city, and as he slurped his diet soda, he told me something that changed my life. I did not collapse, I did not cry, I did not run naked through the streets exclaiming “Eureka!”. Instead, I smiled and thanked him, but I already knew. He did not implant epiphany in my mind from on high, send knowledge blazing into my brain in a single distilled moment of pure realisation. I built this knowledge. It lurked in my subconscious and grew with every stare into understanding eyes, with every nihilistic witticism, every stray thought about the universe’s incomprehensible size- until it made its way to my frontal lobe in a grimy fast-food hall on a drizzly Thursday. Realisation so infrequently has a proper sense of style. Its leap is made in the bath, under a tree, curled on the sofa with a battered paperback. It meanders and trails you through life, with an occasional tap on the shoulder, and it stares you down at the most mundane of moments. Mortality comes to call not at the frothing jaws of a great beast, but as you roll over in your own bed and find your death-mask staring back at you- the veneer of the everyday hides the bizarre machinations of a mind-shifting and collapsing in on itself more than you can know. On my walk to work, I looked a stranger in the eyes and understood. She—like me, like you—contained a universe. The magnitude of her was dizzying— seeing in her indifferent gaze the fireworks of thoughts hopes loves fears deaths dreams worries plans stories blooming there, fizzling, shuffling themselves around in her brain—and she was ordinary. And so was every one of the hundreds of people on the street whose lives were—are—as rich. I felt myself as one small brilliant star in that vast constellation of human brightness, and scuffed my foot on a crack in the granite ground, and made my way to work without so much as a gasp to betray what I’d seen. 68

ay Epiphany And it always comes like this, because it does not care for you. It does not wait for the second-act climax to bestow divine knowledge upon you. It sits by your side, waiting, so patiently, for you to truly see it. After that dizzying philosophical vertigo left me reeling on the street, I didn’t write a manifesto, confess a hidden love, make a discovery to change the world. I shelved records as I do on every shift. But the voices on the turntable seemed closer. Seemed warmer. Seemed like humans, pouring out their passions, and not mythic figures. I felt like a part of the universe, along with every musician, and every producer, every customer who came in, and every half-acquainted coworker who dropped by. I could hold that truth close to me and let it live in my mind in a dusty record shop, in all its gentle power. Epiphany does not blaze its way down from mountaintops to the flayed and repentant on the temple steps; it does not implant itself, divine, into worthy minds. It comes to ordinary people. Our greatest breakthroughs come in the form of poems, equations, music, and memories, but they always come from us. There is no glitz and glamour in self-discovery on a dingy October morning, but there is truth. Do not devalue the science and art and philosophy that flows from the world into a human and back out again, anew, with gaudy theatrics and false attributions; a mind alone has the power to reshape itself around a newfound truth. Epiphany is not a righteous column of flame— it is so much more profound and infinitely more beautiful in its mundanity.

Written by Kirsten Fergusson Edited by William Arent and Tanae Rao Artwork by Ava Davis



T U n e s 01. Illumination

Gogol Bordello

02. If today was your last day


03. Non-Stop


04. Saturn

Sleeping at Last

05. On the Road


06. Strawberry Fields Forever

The Beatles

07. Borderline

Tame Impala

08. For Elise

Saint Motel


Hayes Carll

10. Evo-Devo

A Capella Science

11. Est-ce que tu m’aimes?

Maitre Gims

12. Sweet Caroline

Neil Diamond

13. The greatest

Lana Del Rey

explore explore explore

Artwork by Bhavika Yendapalli



Artwork by Rochelle Yuan

Answer Key on Page 76 Made by Irene Ni


1. 5. 10. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 22. 24. 25. 26. 29. 30. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 43. 44. 45. 46. 49. 53. 54. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62.


___ Croft, Tomb Raider Words on a Wonderland cake Chomps On Taiwanese electronics giant; makes the Predator laptop series What you feel when “the moon hits your eye like a big pizza pie” “This can’t be good...” Hit with an open hand Joe Exotic stars in a Netflix docu-series featuring this animal Nickname for “Umbrella” singer Freudian component of the mind that acts as the conscience Arizona drink? Mortal Kombat character who is half-dragon and has four arms. Doggo : Dog :: ____ : Snake Billie Eilish hit with a remix that features Justin Bieber Inscribed stone slab “Little Fires Everywhere” author Celeste ______ Indigenous people of northern Canada She’s sixteen going on seventeen in “The Sound of Music” Eponymous twin to Tamera in a Doja Cat song Type of list where tasks are crossed off “Something Wicked This Way _____” Type of rolled Sushi (seen in Stardew Valley!) Ending with stamp or imp Father to 33-across, Captain Von _____ Humped desert animal Former US attorney general Jeff during the Trump administration Under ______; being forced The m of F = ma Juicy gossip, slangily Capital of Greece, named for its patron goddess Presumptive Democratic nominee who has pledged to pick a female running mate Programming data type that is either true or false Exits suddenly, slangily Scrubbed, as a NASA mission Male cow Approximately 28 grams Cliff’s boundary City of the wooden horse that was home to Helen 29-downs won’t have one of these / Revolutionary invention? Places where you might find 40, 25, and 18-across, but not 50-down

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 21. 23. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 33. 34. 36. 37. 39. 40. 42. 43. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 55.

Girl in Glasgow Rights org. co-founded by Helen Keller You ____ what you sow Notes of a chord played in rapid succession Restaurant or cafe “Compadre” to Carlos Like almost all restaurant orders during the coronavirus pandemic Field ration for an American GI Creepy quality It’s the theme of this Momentum issue “It’s ____!” (This song is going #1) Ripped First name of the superstar cannibal / One of the two main branches of Islam Defeat decisively, right away Basic unit of life Nearly vertical, as a cliff Sinks one’s teeth into Positive electrode in an electrolytic cell It’s Wednesday, my _____ Tik Tok slang for “nice guys” chasing unrequited love What b*tches want, according to Frank Ocean / Jordans, e.g. Windy-sounding names for girls Bank borrowing Not wild; domesticated Medieval arrow shooter / Weapon of choice for an angry violinist? Melanie with the viral TikTok song “Play Date” China’s ____ Shan Mountains Where a lot of things are picked up during the coronavirus pandemic Stinky // _____ Cat: “Friends” tune Stinky fuel for an 18-wheeler Gabbana’s partner ABG Instagram caption: “____ a day keeps the doctor away” Sightseers’ guided trip Prefix with gram / Simply Nailogical’s self-proclaimed sexuality Former member of K-pop group OH MY GIRL (known for her struggles with anorexia) Clumsy extinct bird Eleven’s breakfast of choice in “Stranger Things” Cries of dis-scent? Airport code for Abu Dhabi Airport




Artwork by Thanh Le

works “Diabetes: The Discovery of Insulin.” Medical News Today, MediLexicon International, www “We Hail Individual Geniuses, but Success in Science Comes through Collaboration | Je emy Farrar.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 30 Sept. 2017, www.theguardan com/commentisfree/2017/sep/30/we-hail-individual-geniuses-success-in-science-colla\ oration-nobel-prize Rushdie, S. (2009). E.B. White: The art of the essay. In The Paris Review Interviews (Vol. IV, pp. 138–138). United States: Picador. Retrieved from: books?id=piBn_gnZimsC&dq=A+writer+who+waits+for+ideal+conditions+under+which +to+work+will+die+without+putting+a+word+to+paper.&source=gbs_navlinks_s Crezo, A. (2014). How to Break the Rules of Writing (& More) According to Bestselling YA author Ransom Riggs. From Writer’s Digest: how-to-break-the-rules-of-writing-more-according-to-bestselling-ya-author-ransom-riggs Novakovich , J. (1995). Fiction Writer’s Workshop (pp. 4). United States: Story Press. Fox, J. M. (2013). How 50 Famous Authors Find Writing Inspiration. From Bookfox: https:/ Brooks, D. (2016). What Is Inspiration?The New York Times. Retrieved from: http://www.ny (AI), Botnik. “Tweet.” Twitter, 15 May 2018, Vincent, James. “These Faces Show How Far AI Image Generation Has Advanced in Just Four Years.” The Verge, 17 Dec. 2018, eration-fake-faces-people-nvidia-generative-adversarial-networks-gans. Cooper, Gael Fashingbauer. “Harry Potter Chapter Written by Bots Is Magically Terrible.” CNET, 13 Dec. 2017, Ackerman, Evan. “Soft Self-Healing Materials for Robots That Cannot Be Destroyed.” EEE Spectrum, 5 Sept. 2019, soft-selfhealing-materials-for-robots-that-cannot-be-destroyed.


s cited Levy, Steven. “This AI Maestro Wants to Serenade You.” Wired, Conde Nast, 2020, www 20th Century: History as You’ve Never Seen It Before, by Richard J. Overy et al., DK, 2012, pp. 12–13. Garwin, Richard L. “Enrico Fermi and Ethical Problems in Scientific Research.” Public Lecture in the Centennial Celebration “Enrico Fermi and Modern Physics”. 19 Oct. 2001, Pisa, I taly. Newell, Allen, et al. “Chess-Playing Programs and the Problem of Complexity.” IBM Journal of Research and Development, vol. 2, no. 4, 1958, pp. 320–335., doi:10.1147 rd.24.0320. -, -. “Deep Blue Defeats Garry Kasparov in Chess Match.”, A&E Television Networks, 16 Nov. 2009, ry-kasparov-in-chess-match#:~:text=On%20May%2011%2C%201997%2C%2 chess,to%20one%2C%20with%20three%20draws. Haenlein, Michael, and Andreas Kaplan. “A Brief History of Artificial Intelligence: On the Past, Present, and Future of Artificial Intelligence.” California Management Review, vol. 61, no. 4, 2019, pp. 5–14., doi:10.1177/0008125619864925. Kahn, Jennifer. “It’s Alive!” Wired, Conde Nast, 24 Jan. 2018, everywhere/. Hofstadter, Douglas R. Gödel, Escher, Bach: an Eternal Golden Braid. Basic Books, 1999. Macdorman, Karl F., and Debaleena Chattopadhyay. “Reducing Consistency in Human R alism Increases the Uncanny Valley Effect; Increasing Category Uncertainty Does Not.” Cognition, vol. 146, 2016, pp. 190–205., doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2015.09.019. Freud, Sigmund. Das Unheimliche. Europäischer Literaturverl., 1919. Dudchenko, Anna. “Anna Dudchenko | Official Website”. Annadudchenko.Com, 2020,


works “George Floyd Death: Clashes as Protests Spread across US.” BBC News, BBC, 30 May 2020, [1] Sheetz, Michael. “SpaceX Launches Two NASA Astronauts to Space for the First Time in Historic US Mission.” CNBC, CNBC, 30 May 2020, launches-two-nasa-astronauts-to-space-for-the-first-time.html. [2] Basso, Gustavo. “Jair Bolsonaro Let Coronavirus Ravage Brazil. A Favela Is Taking Maters Into Its Own Hands.”. The Intercept, 2020, zil-coronavirus-favela-mutual-aid/. Accessed 6 July 2020. [3] Reuters. “Iran’s Fuel Reaches Stations in Venezuela, Fifth Tanker Expected.” Al Arabiya En lish, 2020, tions-in-Venezuela-fifth-tanker-expected-to-arrive-on-May-31. [4] Coronavirus: Italy’s Tower of Pisa reopens after three months shut. Available at: https://www [Accessed on 07.07.2020 20:08]. [5] Mäurer, D., 2020. Rotes Kreuz: Mehr Gewalt Gegen Medizinisches Personal. [online] tages Available at: Accessed 4 July 2020]. [6] Dyka, Photograph by Dominika. “Spectacular Flower Crowns Rule in Ukraine.” National Geographic, 6 July 2020. [7] Marinas, Radu. “Romania’s Orban Breaches Own Coronavirus Rules, Pays Fine.” Reuters, Thomson Reuters, 30 May 2020, [8] Smith, Andrew. “Britain’s hypocrisy in resuming arms sales to Saudi Arabia while taking a stand on human rights is astounding” , 2020, saudi-arabia-yemen-military-sales-bae-a9606696.html [9] Chaudhuri, Pooja. “Porn Clip Shared on Social Media Falsely Associating It with JMI Activist Safoora Zargar.” ALT News , 2020, ly-associating-it-with-jmi-activist-safoora-zargar/. [10] Associated Press. Gettelmen Jeffrey and Steven Lee Meyers , article by New York Times “China and India brawl at 14,000 feet along the border” [11]


s cited Philippines, Congress, Narciso Bravo Jr. (Masbate–1st), Raul Tupas (Iloilo–5th), et. al. Anti-Terrorism Act Of 2020 [12] Associated Press. “Turkey reopens some mosques, prayers held in ex-cathedral.” Associated Press, 2020. Available on Accessed July 8, 2020 [13] UN News. “Life and death for Yemen’s women and girls, as funding evaporates.” UN News, 2020. Retrieved from, on July 13, 2020. [14] Cook, Cindi. “8 Francophone Countries Get New Currency”. Aa.Com.Tr, 2020, https:/ Accessed 30 May 2020. [15] Anna, C. (2020, May 30). In unusual move, US embassies in Africa speak up on Floyd. Retrieved from [16] Australian Associated Press (2020, May 30). Australian anti-vaxxers label Covid-19 a ‘scam’ and break distancing rules at anti-5G protests. stralia-news/2020/may/30/australian-anti-vaxxers-label-covid-19-a-scam-and-brea distancing-rules-at-anti-5g-protests [17] Nine News. “Sydney Water recruit sniffer dogs | Nine News Australia” Youtube, uploaded by 9 News Australia, May 30 2020, [18] Regan, Helen. “Air Pollution Falls by Unprecedented Levels in Major Global Cities during Coronavirus Lockdowns.” CNN, 23 Apr. 2020, lution-reduction-cities-coronavirus-intl-hnk/index.html. [19] Dowling, Stephan. “The Complicated Truth about a Cat’s Purr.” BBC Future, BBC, 25 July 2018, [20] Great American Outdoors Act Would Protect and Restore America’s Public Lands. (n.d.). Retrieved July 14, 2020, from can-outdoors-act-introduced/ [21]


works Cabrera, Cristian. “Costa Rica First in Central America to Legalize Same-Sex Marriage.” Human Rights Watch, 13 July 2020, tral-america-legalize-same-sex-marriage. [22] McKinley Corbley, et al. “Supermarket Security Guard Is Going Viral for Holding an Umbre la Over Dog Standing in the Rain.” Good News Network, 8 July 2020, www.goodnew [23] Maron, D. “Pangolins receive surprising lifeline with new protections in China.” 9 June. 2020, ceive-new-protections-traditional-medicine-in-china/ [24] Inclán, Bettina, and Rydin, Matthew “NASA Names Headquarters After ‘Hidden Figure’ Mary W. Jackson.” Edited by Sean Potter, NASA, 24 June. 2020, nasa-names-headquarters-after-hidden-figure-mary-w-jackson [25] Valentina, Katie. “Pakistan’s Loneliest Elephant Is About to Be Free for the First Time Since 1985.” Lady Freethinker, 8 June 2020, phant-is-about-to-be-free-for-the-first-time-since-1985/ [26] Symons, Bec “Victorian police officer thanked by Paynesville man for kind act in a McDo ald’s carpark” ABC News, 8 July 2020, victorian-thanks-police-officer-for-help-during-crisis/12427892 [27] Chin, Matthew “Wearable-tech glove translates sign language into speech in real time” University of California, 30 June 2020, wearable-tech-glove-translates-sign-language-speech-real-time [28] Totenberg, Nina “Supreme Court Delivers Major Victory To LGBTQ Employees.” The New York Times, 15 July 2020, preme-court-delivers-major-victory-to-lgbtq-employees [29] Jordan, Rob “Stanford researchers show that mealworms can safely consume toxic add tive-containing plastic.” Stanford News, 19 December 2019, press/view/31674c [30]


s cited Goonan, Michael. “Strangers Bought All the Frozen Pops From Old Man’s Cart to Help Him Get Out of Heat-Then They Gave Him $60K.” Good News Network, 12 July 2020, es60k/. [31] University of California - Riverside. “Couldn’t socially distance? Blame your wor ing memory.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 July 2020. es/2020/07/200710212241.htm. [32] Joshi. “Ecosia Users Have Planted 100 Million Trees: A Milestone and a Beginning!” The Ecosia Blog, 9 July 2020, [33]

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Profile for Momentum Magazine

ISSUE 1 - EUREKA | Momentum Magazine  

Momentum Magazine is an international student-led literary magazine and organisation dedicated to creating a space for storytellers and rais...

ISSUE 1 - EUREKA | Momentum Magazine  

Momentum Magazine is an international student-led literary magazine and organisation dedicated to creating a space for storytellers and rais...


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