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College ofArts and Sciences





1822 1999: 177 Years of Teaching Plant Biology -

From the Chair






As part of the plaiming process expected of departments in a modern university, the department this past year updated its Departmental Focus and Faculty Hiring Strategy. During the faculty discussion about what was to go into the document, we looked at how the department in the past {eport approached the discipline of botany, and ways we could summarize in a one-page document how the department would make decisions about who would join the faculty in the future. One change in defining the department was to replace the three focus areas “cellular and molecular, organismal, and ecological” botany with “intraorganismal, organismal, and interorganismal” plant biology. We also changed the document to emphasize that, as the name of the department implies, the overall focus of the department is on how plants interact with the environment. So here is what this brief note from the chair is about: We put in a statement that “ our department is unique in its dual emphasis on plants and the environment.” In the spirit of open, collegial discussion that is traditional in our faculty meetings, and often in the hallways after the meetings and bridge parties during the weekend, several faculty members objected to the use of unique. Their position was that unique means one-of-a-kind, and that if one were to look at all plant biology departments in the world, there certainly would be at least one other, maybe more, department(s) that would have the broad, integrated, environmental approach to plant biology that we have done so well in the past and hope to continue into the future. The final vote, as you can tell from the actual Departmental Focus and Faculty Hiring Strategy that follows this message, was to consider ourselves unique. We truly believe that how the Department of Environmental and Plant Biology approaches plant biology and the environment is one-of-a-kind. Why even bring this “Are we really unique?” debate to the attention of our alumni and friends of the department? The answer is relatively simple and to-the-point: Our one-of-a-kind approach to the environment and plant biology sets us apart from all other plant biology departments in the country. In addition, what is becoming ever so important as departments strive for recognition within the local community and University, our approach to graduate and undergraduate education sets us apart from other departments within the College and University. When I look over the outstanding students we have had in the department over the years and how they have gone on to have successful and rewarding careers, (see Alumni News) I am convinced that our faculty members have collectively provided to our students a unique approach to the discipline. We continue to do today what we have done well in the past. A very rewarding experience happened to those of us in the department who attended the graduate commencement exercises this past spring. When the outstanding graduate students for the year were recognized and asked to stand, both (Amy Falder [MS] and Darrin Rubino [PhD]) were from the Department of Environmental and Plant Biology. We not only are one-of-akind when compared to other botany departments, but we are unique within Ohio University as well. Our plamung document that follows, hopefully will help ensure that we will continue to do what we have done so well. Cheers, .







: .





James P. Braselton Professor and Chair

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Departmental Focus and Faculty Hiring Strategy Spring 1999 The Department of Environmental and Plant Biology focuses on plants and their environmental interactions. Plants live in and adapt to a wide variety of environments and play a critical role in shaping human environments. Plants are primary sources of food, oxygen, energy, fibers, building materials, medicines, and countless other important products in everyday use. Many plant habitats are now threatened by human activities, a serious problem that is attracting increasing societal attention and keen student interest. It is crucial to understand plants and how they respond to environmental stress in order to effect solutions to environmental problems. While there are many departments nationally that specialize in environmental science, our department is unique in its dual emphasis on plants and the environment. It is also one of few departments nationally that offer students broad training in botany, including plant structure, function, genetics, development, evolution, systematics, and ecology. Our department focuses on plants and their environmental interactions at three organizational levels: 1) mtraorgamsmal (mcludmg cell biology, physiology, anatomy, and development), 2) orgamsmal (mcludmg morphology, systematics, and paleobotany); and 3) interorganismal (including ecology and etbnobotany). Some areas of study, such as evolution and genetics, span these organizational levels. The department strives to maintain a balance of faculty at these three levels to promote broad-based training in plant biology, while also providing opportunities for specialized research. Maintaining such a balance is essential to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of plants and their environmental interactions, as well as with valuable technical ski1ls leading to a wide-range of careers and/or graduate school. As faculty members retire, the department will seek replacements to insure a balanced representation at the three organizational levels; Faculty are expected to have a broad-based understanding of plants and their interaction with the environment. In addition, they should be actively engaged in research and bring new and valuable research directions and skills that will benefit our students. Requests for new faculty lines will be based on changing needs, as determined through the annual assessment process, and discussed at faculty meetings. Such needs may include: 1) increased undergraduate and graduate student interests or enrollments, and 2) emerging directions of plant research that show exceptional promise for advancing the discipline and attracting students and research funding.

Faculty, Environmental & Plant Biology. Left to right: Irwin Ungar, Ivan Smith, Art Trese, Jan Salick, Morgan Vis, John Mitchell, Brian McCarthy, Harvey Ballard, Gar Rothwell, James Cavender, Allan Showalter, Philip Cantino and James Braselton

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Lela A. Ewars Science ScholarshjP The



residentiat Research Scholar

Ohio University PRESIDENT ROBERT GLIDDEN, at the of The Ohio iversity Council for Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity, has named Pràfessor GAR ROTHWLL as the 1999 Ohio iversity Presidenti Research Scholar in the Life and Biomedical Sciences. As such, Gar becomes the first recipient of the award in the life and biomedical sciences. The designati0 as a Presideflti Research Scholar iS for five years.


ndergradh1te Awards


jjjtjnguis1ied Professor ScholarSlljP DistthguishE Professor Emeritus NORMAN S. COHN again selected JENNIFER M. DEAN, a junior in the Honors Tutorial College to receive this scholarship. ‘

C. Paul and Beth Stocker SchOlarSlujPs

Stocker scholarships are awarded each spring ondyear ergraduate5. to first- and 5 re This year’s cipients are: JILL E. BROWN and CAR’ S. MILLER of the Honors Tutorial College, and LORENA S. BROWN, BEN AVERT and ERIN B. CLIFFORD of the College of Arts and Sciences.

recipient of this scholarship is selected by the scholarship committee of the College of Arts and Sciences and must be a full-time student on the Athens campus in any field of the natural sciences. ANYA M. PORTER, a senior in the Honors Tutorial College, is the 1999-2000 awardee. Charles E. Miller Scholarship: The Miller Scholarship, created in memory of the late Dr. Miller, professor and longtime chair within the Departments is awarded to a plantbiology major. This year’s recipients were KELLY M. pORAIj, a janior in the College of Arts and Sciences, and graduate students DALE CASAMATTA and CHRISTINA WILLIAMS. Thomas M. Wolfe Scholarship: Six monetary awards (three to juniorS and three to seniors) are made each year from this scholarship fund, established by Mrs. Edna Wolfe to honor her husband, a 1919 graduate of Ohio university. Two of the six awards go to plant biology students with strong academic records and who show promise in the areas of conserva0n and ecology. LORENA S. BROWN is the junior and KATHERINE M. ALERIC is the senior awardee. •


standing aduati1ig Seniors

Each year, each department within the individual Colleges of the iversity tstanding graduating senior. honors an 0 The following students have been recoized for 1999.

Left to right, standing Darrin Rubiflo, Cary Miller, Katherine AleñC, Robert Verb, ChStieflne KuCZaC, Dale Casamatta, Kelly Caporale, Ben Ave, Christina Williams, Todd Egan, Jill Brown, Efln Clifford, Jennifer Dean; kneeling Lorena Brown and Lily Wang

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Environmental and Plant Biology, College of Arts and Sciences: KATHERINE M. ALERIC.


Frontier Herbs, “Population Biology of Goldenseal,” $2000


USAID, “Amuesha ethnobotany and effects of Pichis-Palcazu Project,” $70,000, with Anthony Stocks, Charles Stayer, Robert Simeoni (co PTs)


Norwegian Government, “Secondary forest management in Peruvian Amazon,” $3,000


Stanford University, “Culture, Ecology and Conservation in Amazonia,” $1000


Center for International Studies, “Ecological


Ethnohotany,” $1000

Environmental and Plant Biology, Honors Tutorial College: CHRISTIENNE N. KUCZAC


raditate Awards

TODD EGAN and LILY WANG PhD students, received the Department’s Graduate Associate Outstanding Teaching Award for 1998-99. DARRIN RUBINO, PhD student, has been selected as the Donald Clippmger Graduate Fellow for 1999, one of only four named graduate fellowships at Ohio University.

Allan M. Showalter: .

NSF Integrative Plant Biology Program, “Structure and Function of a Novel, Modular Arabinogalactan-Protein from m” $300,000, (April 1, 1998-May 31, 2001) with M.J. Kieiszewski (co-PT). [continuation]


The University of Melbourne-Collaborative Research Program, “Visiting Research Scholars Award,” $8500


The Ohio Board of Regents 1999 Hayes Tnvestment Fund Competition, “Plant and Microbe Genomics and Biotechnology Facilities,” $1,229,000, K.R. Davis (PT), R. Tahita (co-grantee), S.L. Goldman (co-grantee), and A.M. Showalter (co-grantee)


National Science Foundation, Integrative Plant Biology Program, “REU (Research Experience for Undergraduates) Supplement to Structure and Function of a Novel, Modular Arabinogalactan-Protein from Tomato,”, $10,000 (June 1, 1999-May 31, 2000), with M.J. Kieiszewski (co-PT)


Honors Tutorial College Research Apprenticeship “Biochemical structure of a novel, modular arabinogalactan-protein from tomato”

RECEIVED AND OTHER cRANTS AWARDS Harvey E. Ballard, Jr.: National Science FoundaUon, “Testing systematic and evolutionary hypotheses in a primitive neotropical group of violets (Viola sect. Leptidium),” $74,689



Ohio University 104 Fund, “DNA Sequencing Facility,” $30,650, with M. L. Vis (co-PT)


Ohio University Honors Tutorial College Research Associateship, “Studies on South American violets,” $3,000


College of Arts and Sciences Faculty Development Award, “Special training on fluorescent DNA markers for use with the new Ohio University DNA sequencer,” $1,222

James P. Braselton: .

Ohio Board of Regents, 051-Discover Phase 2 Projects, “Project SUSTAIN at Ohio,” $80,000, with Barbara W. Grover (co-PT)

Brian C. McCarthy: .

Fluor Daniel Fernald, Fernaid Environmental Management Project, “Experimental studies of forest restoration in southern Ohio,” $130,000, with Carolyn H. Keiffer (co-PT)

Ivan K. Smith: .

Gar W. Rothwell: .

Presidential Research Scholar, $4000

Jan Salick: .

Society for Economic Botany International Botanical Congress Symposium, “Ecological Ethnobotany,” $6000

The Ohio Board of Regents Eiseithower Professional Development Program, “InquiryBased Learning Using Wisconsin Fast Plants,” $43,397, Kathi Albertson (Continuing Education, Zanesvffle), Project Coordinator with J. P. Braselton, Science Coordinator, and Tvan K. Smith, Workshop Coordinator

Morgan Vis: .

Ohio University 1804 Fund, “DNA Sequencing Facffity,” $30,650, with H. E. Ballard, Jr. (co-PT)

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Ohio University Faculty Development Grant, College of Arts and Sciences Development Committee “Attendance at a national grants writing seminar in order to create outstanding proposals,” $393

Sigma Xi

Ohio University Program to Aid Career Exploration (PACE) Awards


Election to Membership: Dale Casamatta, Amy Falder, Genaro Hemandez-Castillo, Robert Verb


Grant-in-Aid For Reseaith: .

Cynthia Riccardi, “Experimental studies of fire effects on seed survival and germination in mixed oak forests,” $580


Christine Small, “The effects of post-harvest light availabffity and soil compaction on the growth and survival of understory plant species in a central Appalachian deciduous forest,” $595

Harvey Ballard, Harold Blazier, Philip Cantmo, Gar Rothwell, Irwin Ungar, Mirgan Vis

Ohio Biological Survey Awards: .

Faculty Members--Brian McCarthy, Morgan Vis


Graduate Students Dale Casamatta, Darrin Rubino, Christine Small, Cynthia Riccardi, Robert Verb, Ross McCauley, Aswini Pai


Em Hines, “The ethnoecology of fire: an experimental approach in the Ohio Valley,” $700

Ohio University Honk Research Awards for Graduate Students: Catherine Hamlin (MSES


Aswini Pai, “Sustainable management of Myrobalans, economically important nontimber forest products, in India,” $700


Salick), H. Russell Campbell (MS-Salick), Aswini Pai (PhD-Salick), Jason Zaros (MS-PBIO Cavender), Darrin Rubino (PhD-PBIO/BIOS McCarthy), Erin Hines (MSES-Salick), Robert Verb (PhD-PBIO/BIOS-Vis), Sarah Bashore (MS MCB-Trese), Christina Wiffiams (PhD-PBIO McCarthy), James Spurney (MS-Cavender)

Southern Appalachian Botanical Society Graduate Student Research Award: .

The Ohio University Councilfor Research .

Scholarship, and Creative Activity Student Enhancement Award: Christina Williams, “Growth and Phenotypic Plasticity of Naturalized Populations of Paulownia tomentosa,” $6,000

Christina Williams, “Genetic variation in naturalized stands of Paulownia tomentosa in the southeastern US,” $300



Botanical Society ofAmerica: .

Travel Grant: Cynthia Riccardi


Best Student Paper, Economic Botany: Cynthia Riccardi

Phycological Society ofAmerica: .

Grants-in-Aid: Robert Verb and Dale Casamatta, $700 each

Northeast Algal Symposium: .

Travel Awards: Robert Verb, Dale Casamatta, Rachele Kovar, and Melissa Hall


Robert Wilce Prize for the Best Student Presentation: Robert Verb

Phi Beta Theta Research Fund: Robert Verb, $500

t S


Young Welwitschia plant germinated and grown by JOHN NAJMULSKI as part of his undergraduate research project under the direction of Dr. Gar Rothwell and in consultation with Harold Blazier, Greenhouse Director. Largest foliage leaf is 11.5 cm long.

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In the past year, monetary gifts to the department have been used for improvements at the Botany Garden and Greenhouse and to support instruction in sumnwr workshops for teachers. In addition, gifts to the Department provided plaques to the junior and senior students with the top botanical projects at tlw District Science Fair. Contributions may he made to tlw Dcpartnient in general or may be directed toward a SpeCifiC pUrpOSe, for exaniple, through one of the folloxving accounts

The ProfessorArthur II. Buckle Botany Scholarship for Wonien. Charles E. Miller Scholarship for undergraduate and graduate students. .


Lee and Irene Roach Graduate Fund for graduate student research in cellular and molecular biology.


Monroe T. Vermillion Scholarship for undergraduates.


Plant Biology Faculty Memorial Scholarship for graduate students.


The Field Vehicle Project to replace our aging field research van.

We thank the following alumni and friends who have made contributions to the Department during the past year. We respect the wishes of donors who wish anonymity and do not list their names. In either case, when you make a gift to PB1O, you will receive an acknowledgenient froni the Chair, j.P. Braselton. If you do not receive a personal acknowledgement, or it your name should but does not appear on this list, please call it to our attention so we can correct the Ornis5iOfl. We have found ti-i it O ( asionally donations inteiid d for Plant Biology in in orr tly deposit d in a ounts of Oth( r de artnv nts 1 Robert Alexander


Wayne A Mietty

Norman Stout

Lois Jeanne Bartellis

William A. Galloway, Jr.

Patrick B. Mikesell

Arthur F. Beyer

Gene & Robert A. Garn Judith & Robert Gray

Ella Miller-Thompson John & Lillian Mitchell

James & Donna Strobel Andrew & Michele Swanson


Rodney D. Morton

Bertalan L. Szabo

James Braselton & Ann Todd Tom Brennan

J. Furbee

J. Grotta

Gary B. Hermann

David Marc Brown Paula S. Burleson

John H. Hunter

Nicholas Calabro

Joyce & John Jones

J ames & Andree Cavender

Carolyn S. Keiffer

Robert A. Chenevey

John Kinder

Hershey Foods Corp.

John E. Denti

Barbara B. Kreutzer

Thomas A. Doktor Dow Agrosciences (match for John Hunter) Kenneth A. Drake

Clehis Kurtzman

Megan M. Elphingstone Terrence K. Fox

Laurence A. Larson Mr. & Mrs. M. Maynard Gerry McClellan Todd S. Mecklenborg James E. Mickle

Robert & Bonnie Frasch



October 9-il, HARVEY BALLARD took graduate students MIN FENG, CLAUDIA SEGOVIA, CHERYL MCCREARY, and undergraduates JENNIFER DEAN and

Carol & Daniel Nelson

Mr. & Mrs. Steve Tan

Larry R. Nelson Gloria & Francis Nussbaum Jeffrey A. Palmer Lawrence D. Papsidero Thaddeus R. Preisner Richard & Joanne Ratzei John Rice Irene Roach Michael D. Ross Susan Elaine Roth Ivan & Lynn Smith John T. Steinback

James R. Trammell, Jr. Arthur Trese Mary Louise Trivett Irwin & Ana Ungar Rev. Arthur G. Vermillion Thomas & Chen Zhao Vierheller Thomas R. Warne Wayman West Westvaco Foundation (match for Gary Hermami) Guy D. & R. Schweizer Whitmer Warren & Jean Wistendahi

JONATHAN HUMPHREY to the Missouri Botanical Garden for the annual Systematics Symposium; ‘Our Unknown Planet: Recent Discoveries and the Future.’ Two highlights of the trip were seeing some of the most remarkable organisms on earth in the slide presentations, and also spending time studying plant specimens of obscure and very rare species from the New World tropics, including one new genus from a single site in Brazil. Dr.

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Ballard, with undergraduate JARROD BONNICK, spent five weeks on a collecting expedition throughout the western United States. He spent several weeks in August in Europe for laboratory training, research and collaborative planning at the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew among other places. Upcoming collecting locales include Costa Rica and Brazil with MIN FENG and ROSS MCCAULEY, as well as Mexico, Hawaii, New Zealand, Australia, New Caledonia, Peru and Bolivia. BRENDA INGRAHAM was honored this past year for 35 years of service to Ohio University. Her first day of work was September 20, 1963. At first, she worked for the Botany Department from 8-2 and then worked for the Mathematics Department from 2-5. She was required to work every other Saturday from 8-12. During her career Brenda has worked for the following chairs or interim chairs: William Gambill, Warren Wistendahl, Norman Cohn, Charles Miller, Irwin Ungar, Ivan Smith and James Braselton, while the University saw the following as presidents or interim presidents: Vernon Alden, Claude Sowle, Harry Crewson, Charles Ping and Robert Glidden. When Brenda began with the department she ran exams and handouts on a DITTO machine that was replaced by a series of mimeograph machines. The first copier used special paper with tulips on the back and had print that faded to brown with time. It was followed by Xerox, Sharp and Canon copiers. Her first typewriter was a Royal manual that used a rubber band to keep the rollers tight against the paper. Brenda moved into the electric age with several electric typewriters ending with her current IBM Selectric II. She began her wordprocessing using Automenu 4.0 on the mainframe. Her earliest PC experiences were with PC Talk, PC Talk III, PC-File+ 1 PCFi1e III (versions 2.0, 3.0), PC-Write, Wordstar, Wordstar (3, 3.30), Wordstar Professional, WordPerfect (5.0, 5.1, 5.2, 7), Papyrus, Word for Windows (Version 2, 3.1, 95, 97), AOL Press, Excel and Access. In addition to her regular secretarial duties, Brenda now is responsible for posting syllabi and undergraduate information to the departmental web page in addition to various other internet related duties.

ARTHUR TRESE and BILL SHORES (MA 1995) co-taught a one-week workshop in June on biointensive gardening as part of Project SUSTAIN at Ohio. One of the goals of Project SUSTAIN at Ohio is to provide an opportunity for public school teachers, university faculty from the College of Arts and Sciences and the College of Education, and undergraduate students to work together to improve mathematics and science education programs at the high school, undergraduate, and graduate level. The course consisted of exercises in gardening that demonstrate the interactions of plants with the environment and the impact of food production on human health, economics, and environment. Approximately 20 teachers from the southeastern Ohio region participated in the workshop and will be incorporating some of the material covered in the workshop in their middle school and/ or high school biology courses this coming year. SARAH BASHORE, MCB master’s student, working on the molecular biology of nodulation in beans, has convinced Rhizobium to express the Green Fluorescent Protein from a jellyfish. Her ability to visually track the bacteria is yielding new information on the process of nodulation as well as competition between different isolates BRIAN MCCARTHY was appointed to the editorial board of Plant Ecology (Vegetatio) this year and continues in his third year as a Subject Editor for the Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. He also was appointed as a Fellow of The Ohio Academy of Science and Director of the Dysart Woods Research Laboratory. He continues his studies of hardwood forest ecology and has expanded his interest in the last few years to include invasive species ecology and forest restoration ecology. He received funding with lead P1, CAROLYN KEIFFER (PhD 1997), to conduct a forest restoration project at the Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP), previously a Department of Energy uranium enrichment facility outside of Cincinnati. KURT HARTMAN joined the lab this year and has made some of the FEMP research a major focus of his thesis work. He is investigating methods for control of the invasive Amur honeysuckle and how best to regenerate the forest

8 Botany understory. DARRIN RUBINO also continues a project with Dr. McCarthy evaluating the flora of the FEMP. He and Dr. McCarthy just finished a detailed dendrochronology (tree ring) study of the oldest white oak trees at Dysart Woods. The data have been contributed to the international Tree Ring Data Bank. Darrin continues his doctoral research on coarse woody debris and the factors affecting forest productivity and decay. CYNTHIA RICCARDI began her doctoral studies in the lab this past year. As a side project, she and Dr. McCarthy have been working on a vegetation study and checklist of the vascular plant species of Deep Woods Community Farm in Hocking County, Ohio. This is the site of an all taxa biotic inventory funded by the Ohio Biological Survey. The main focus of her dissertation research will be on the relationship between fire and seed germination. CHRISTINE SMALL and Dr. McCarthy are also completing a floristic study, which has now exceeded 600 species, of the nearby Waterloo Wildlife Research Station in Athens County. She continues her doctoral research into the relationship between disturbance and understory diversity patterns. A. CHRISTINA WILLIAMS continues her work with the autecology of the non-native tree species, Paulownia tornentosa. J. FORREST MEEKINS is near the completion of her doctoral research investigating the ecology of Alliaria petiolata, an invasive woodland herb. CARRIE RAILING also is in the final stages of completing her thesis work on the autecology of DipI’iasiastrunz digitatum. JILL BROWN, HTC undergraduate, worked this past year as a PACE student in the lab conducting a variety of studies with forest soils and finishing up her research on the soil seed banks of Dysart Woods. GAR ROTHWELL reports that his NSF-funded research on the origin and relationships of conifers with GENE MAPES (Director, MSES Program) was completed this year with studies at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Paleobotany in Lucknow, India and at the Natural History Museum in Buenos Aires, Argentina. AMY FALDER (MS 1999) completed her research into development of fossil conifer seedlings and of a I 00 million year old conifer seed from Russia.

She has accepted a curatorial position with Planting Fields Botanical Garden, Long Island. GENARO HERNANDEZ-CASTILLO continues his studies of primitive fossil conifers. In addition to his graduate studies, Genaro is the technician for the Ohio University Scientific Imaging Facility. Gar’s investigations of conifer phylogeny will continue to have an international and interdisciplinary focus with the arrival this fall of two researchers, Dr. Sun, a senior researcher and Dr. Liu, an Ohio University Postdoctoral Fellow, from Beijing, China. Research efforts will include Gene and ROYAL MAPES (Geological Sciences). Studies of Cretaceous and Tertiary aquatic plant communities are continuing with colleagues from the Denver Museum of Natural History, the University of Alberta, Charles University (Prague, the Czech Republic) and the Natural History Museum, Dresden, Germany. Characterizations of the floating monocot, Pistia, and a new form of water fernare nearing completion and investigations of swamp dwelling Taxodiaceous conifers are well under way. Undergraduate CHRIS MOREHART has characterized a new genus of ancient seed ferns from Arkansas. The lab welcomes doctoral students MIHAIL TOMESCU from Romania and MIKE DUNN who will pursue the origin of seed plants. Full development of Gar’s interactive learning project was achieved in mid-May when PBIO lii students were given a virtual tour through real-time internet-based videoconferencing and streamed video clips of the Botanical Garden and Greenhouse Facilities including several plants growing under environmentally distinct conditions. The pilot project had been a real-time presentation from McMurdo Base, Antarctica. The Peruvian Amazon was JAN SALICK’s main focus this year, including changes over the last 15 years. Salick and master’s students, CATHY HAMLIN and RUSSELL CAMPBELL, are studying ecological ethnobotany of the Amuesha indigenous agriculture and it’s changes during a period of intense disturbance including: arrival of a road, terrorists, an indigenous uprising, the military, Columbian drug lords, and the military again, before a present period of relative calm. With funding

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from the Norwegian Government, EIRIK STIJFHOORN continues dissertation research on agroforestry and ethnobotany of non-timber forest products in Pucailpa and Iquitos on the Peruvian Amazon. Other research with Jan Salick on non-timber forest products (NTFPs) includes work in Ohio by ERIN HINES with the Us Forest Service on the effects of fire management and by CATHY HAMLIN with United Plant Savers and Frontier Herbs on Goldenseal. Research by undergraduate JODY SCHAUB on Black Cohosh was funded by the Griselli Award for Undergraduate Research at Ohio University. ASWINI PAl is beginning preliminary dissertation research in India on sustainable management of Myrobalans, an economically important NTFP there. ALLAN SHOWALTER and his research group have proven the existence of a novel, modular arabinogalactan (AGP)-protein in tomato which they have named LeAGP-l. This glycoprotein is. found in cell walls and plasma membranes of xylem and stylar transmitting tissue. The group also has shown that AGPs are involved with programmed cell death (PCD) in plants. PCD is an important development process in animals responsible for such things as the skin disappearing between human fingers and a tadpoles tail being digested during development. In plants, PCD is involved with the hypersentive response occurring in response to pathogen infection and in xylem development. Post-doctoral student HUA LU and undergraduate JACINDA LEE are working on producing transgenic plants to define the precise function of LeAGP-l, on elucidating the signal transduction pathway connecting AGPs to PCD (Ming Chen), and on determining how LeAGP-1 is attached to the plasma membrane ( Wenxian Sun). In another set of experiments, we (Li-Wen Wang, Irwin Ungar, and Allan Showalter) have isolated and partially characterized the two genes (i.e., cDNAs) which encode the enzymes necessary for glycinebetaine production. Glycinebetaine is an important osmoregulator in certain halophytes which apparently allows them to thrive in high salt conditions. The possibility of transferring these two genes to a non-halophyte is being

considered in order to examine the ability of conferring salt tolerance to crop plants. IRWIN UNGAR continues to study the influence of stress on the growth and distribution of plants. The emphasis of the current research is on the significance of seed banks in population dynamics and germination ecology of halophytes. He is collaborating with DR. M.A. KHAN (PhD 1985) from the University of Karachi on a National Science Foundation supported research project to investigate the physiological ecology of salt desert species of Pakistan. They are studying the effects of salt stress on the germination and growth responses of several species from the salt deserts in the region around Karachi, Pakistan. CHRISTY TUCKER CARTER has completed her MS degree on her research in reforested spoil banks, where she looked at tree survival over a thirty year period and the relationship between seed banks and aboveground vegetation. She currently is beginning her doctoral work in Dr. Ungar’s laboratory, and will be carrying out investigations on seed germination and seed bank ecology with several halophytes. She is beginning to love the Rittman salt marsh. After completing seed bank and population studies for his MS research with Froelichiafloridana, which is a rare and endangered species in Ohio, ROSS MCCAULEY’has decided to work with Dr. Harvey Ballard on a molecular systematic investigation of the genus Froelichia for his doctoral degree research. TODD EGAN has completed all of the requirements for the doctoral degree and has published papers on some of his doctoral research on specific ion effects on growth and seed germination of Atriplex triangularis. Todd is currently job hunting and hopefully will find interesting employment in his specialty. Dr. Ungar would like to thank Honors-Tutorial student CAROLYN REILLY for her assistance in the laboratory this year as an undergraduate PACE laboratory research assistant. She kept the research moving on the effects of bracts on seed germination in Atriplex griffltl’zii, a salt desert species from Pakistan.

10 Botany MORGAN VIS reports that RACHELE KOVAR (MSES 1999) is working as an environmental consultant in Cleveland. Morgan continues documenting algal diversity at Deep Woods with doctoral students BOB VERB and DALE CASAMATTA. MELISSA HALL started her research on the ecology and genetics of Batrachospermum helmintiwsurn while Dale began research on the systematics of. cyanobacteria. PACE student, EMILY MILLER created the Bryophyte Homepage and created a data base of all bryophytes in the Bartley Herbarium. Morgan will be co-convener of the Northeast Algal Symposium in April 2000.

ECENT PUBLICATIONS Ballard, H. E., Jr., K. J. Sysrna, and R. R. Kowal. 1999. Shrinking the violets: Phylogenetic relationships of infrageneric groups in Viola (Violaceae) based on Internal Transcribed Spacer DNA sequences. Systematic Botany 23: 439-458. Ballard, H. E., Jr. 1998. Violaceae. In: Martin, P. S., D. A. Yetman, M. E. Fishbein, P. D. Jenkins, T. R. Van Devender, and R. Wilson (eds.), Gentrys RIo Mayo Plants: The Tropical Deciduous Forest and Environs ofNorthzvest Mexico, Pg. 463, University of Arizona Press, Tucson. .

Egan, T. P. and l.A. Ungar. 1998. The effect of different salts of sodium and potassium on the growth of Atriplex prostrata (Chenopodiaceae). Journal of Plant Nutrition 21: 2193-2205. Falder, A.B., G. W. Rothwell, G. Mapes, R. H. Mapes and L. A. Doguzhaeva.. 1998. Pityostrobusrnillerii n. sp., a pinaceous cone from the Lower Cretaceous (Aptian) of southwestern Russia. Review of Palaeohotany and Palynology 103: 253261. Falder, A.B., R.A. Stockey and G.W. Rothwell. 1999. In situ fossil seedlings of a Metasequoia-ffke taxodiaceous conifer from Paleocene river floodplain deposits of central Alberta, Canada. American Journal of Botany 86: 900-902. Gao, M., M. J. Kieliszewski, D. T. A. Lamport, and A. M. Showalter. 1999. Isolation, characterization, and immunolocalization of a novel, modular tomato arabinogalactan-protein corresponding to the LeAGP-1 gene. The Plant Journal 18: 43-55.

Gao, M. and A. M. Showalter. I 999. Yariv reagent treatment induces programmed cell death in Arabidopsis cell cultures and implicates arabinogalactan-protein involvement. The Plant Journall9: 1-11.







Katembe, J., l.A. Ungar, and J. P. Mitchell. 1998. Effect of salinity on germination and seedling growth of two Atriplex species. Annals of Botany 82: 487-492. Khan, M.A. and l.A. Ungar.. 1998. Gernimation of the salt tolerant shrub Suaeda fruticosa from Pakistan: salinity and temperature responses. Seed Science and Technology 26: 657-667. Khan, M. A., I. A. Ungar, A. M. Showalter, and H. D. Dewaid. 1998. NaCl-induced accumulation of glycinehetaine in four subtropical halophytes from Pakistan. Physiologia Plantarum 102: 487492. -

Khan, M. A., I. A. Ungar, and A. M. Showalter. 1999. Effects of salinity on growth, ion content, and osmotic relations in Halopyrurn niucronaturn (L.) Stapf. Journal of Plant Nutrition 22: 191-204. Mapes, G. and G.W. RothwelL 1998. Pollen cone structure of the Late Pennsylvanian (Stephanian) conifer Emporia. Journal of Paleontology 72: 571576. .

Meekins, J. F. and B. C. McCarthy. 1999. Competitive Ahffity of Alliaria petiolata (Garlic Mustard, Brassicaceae), an Invasive, Noriindigenous Forest Herb. International Journal of Plant Science 160: 743-752. Robison, S.and B. C. McCarthy. 1999. Morphological responses of Carya ovata Cl uglandaceae) seedlings to experimental light regimes. The American Midland Naturalist 141: 69-84. Rothwell, G. W. 1998. Life on Earth, Paleobotany. Geotimes 43: 44-45. Rubino, D. L. and B. C. McCarthy. 1999. Tree ring data, Dysart Woods, Ohio. International Tree Ring Data Bank. IGBP PAGES/World Data Center-A for Paleoclimatology Data Contribution Series #1999-011. NOAA/NGDC Paleoclirnatology Program, Boulder, CO, USA. URL: Salick, J. 1998. Standing united or divided? Traditional peoples and biodiversity. Conservation Biology 12: 736-737. Salick, J., A. Biun, G. Martin, L. Apin, and R. Beaman. 1999. Whence biodiversity? A direct relationship between hiodiversity and useful plants with the Dusun of Mt. Kinabalu, Borneo.


Biodiversity and Conservation 8: 797-818. Salick, J. and E. Pfeffer. 1999. The interplay of hybridization and clonal reproduction in the evolution of willows. Plant Ecology 141: 163-178. Thurston, H. D., J. Salick, M. Smith, P. Trutmaiin, J. L. Pham, and R. McDowell. 1999. Traditional management of agrobiodiversity. In: Wood, D. and J. M. Lenné (eds.), Agrobiodiversihj: Characterization, Utilization and Managernen t, Pp. 176-198, CAB International, Waffingford, UK. Serhet, R. and G.W. Rothwell. 1999. Osmunda cinnarnonica (Osrnundaceae) in the Upper Cretaceous of western North America: Additional evidence for exceptional species longevity among fiicalean ferns International Journal of Plant Sciences 160: 425-433. .

Ungar, I. A. 1998. Are hiotic factors sigiifficant in influencing the distribution of halophytes in saline habitats? Botanical Review 64: 176-199. Verb, R. G., M. L. Vis, D. W. Ott and R. L. Wallace. 1999. New records of Vaucheria species (Xanthophyceae) with associated Proales zverneckii (Rotifera). Cryptogarnie Algologie 20: 67-73. Vis, M. L. 1999. The applicability of inter- simple sequence repeats (inter- SSR to distinguish individuals of Batrachosperrnurn horyanurn (Batrachosperrnales,Rhodophyta). Phycologia 38: 70-73. Vis, M. L. and R. G. Sheath. 1998. A molecular and morphological investigation of the relationship between Batrachospcrrnurn sperrnatoinvolucrum and B gelatin osum (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 33: 231-240. .



, , , ,

James A. Duke, USDA (retired) Peggy Duke, Professional Illustrator Dan Crawford, Ohio State University Marie E. Petracek, North Carolina State University


Keiko Toni, University of Michigan Paul B. Larsen, University of Maryland

+ 4

, ,

Milo Aukerman, University of Wisconsin Mary Tierney, University of Vermont

Keith Davis, Ohio State University



11 Botany

Zhao-Qi Yao, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

. 4

R. E. Redmann, University of Saskatewan Elaine Sutherland, US Forest Service



aiiies A. Duke In April, Environmental and

Plant Biology sponsored Dr. James Duke as part of the Kennedy Lecture Series. Dr. Duke, retired from a 30-year career at the USDA where he was instrumental in the study of medicinal plants, is the author of the popular The Green Pharmacy. He has compiled a database of the medicinal compounds found in common and exotic plants. In addition to his Kennedy Lecture, “The Best of the Green Pharmacy”, Dr. Duke presented a somewhat

more technical departmental colloquium on aspects of medicinal plant compounds. Both

were inspiring and easily understood talks about ethnobotany and medicinal plants


areer Night The Department of

Environmental and Plant Biology hosted a “Career Night” on Wednesday, Oct. 14th. Undergraduates from our department and from the Environmental Biology, Marine Biology, and Wildlife Biology majors within the Department of Biological Sciences were invited to attend. Fifty-two students and nine PBIO faculty

attended. The evening included presentations from two alumni, KEVIN LEWIS (BS, 1997) and GEORGE VAUGHN, who discussed their

experiences in looking for their first job, and reasons for returning to graduate school. Both Kevin and George also had some thoughts on

the option of becoming a self-employed entrepreneur. Faculty also presented advice on locating employment opportunities, internships, and career development, with HARVEY BALLARD detailing how he used internships and experience in the work place to prepare himself for more advanced positions. The evening closed with an informal pizza dinner, giving faculty and students an opportunity to mingle.

12 BotanY


Fast Plants in Teaching continued as part of The Environment in the Next Millennium professional jSCOflSfl

development program for teachers of grades K12 from public as well as parochial schools in Guernsey, Monroe, Noble, uskingum and Perry counties. The program was made possible by a grant to ontiriuiflg Education, Kathi Alberstofl, DIrector, Ohio university Zanesville, by The Ohio Board of Regents Eisenhower ?rofe55i0 DevelOpme Programs and was staffed by faculty from Environme’t and Plant Biology. In the summer of 1999 IVAN K. SMITH coordinated a one-week workshop on how to use Wisconsin Fast Plants to teach fundament botanical principles. Twenty teachers from the region studied hands-on projects with the rapid cycling brassicas, as well as how to desi basic experiments in these areas that could be of interest to students. The projects also were gnto courage inquirybased learning as well as the development of critical thinking skills. Please visit The EnvirOfl1flet in the Next Millennium Internet site: http ://www.plantbio.oh



01113 TV Pledge Drive Much thanks to CO0K TRIVETT for organizing the volunteer evening for the WOUB TV Pledge Drive on Friday, March 5. If you had tuned in to WOUBTV you would have seen Cookie along with LINGBO LI, CHRISTY KUCZAK, BOB VERB, JASON ZAROS and MORGAN VIS answering the telephones for this important local drive for funds to keep Public Television functioning in southeaste Ohio.

T 4 ,4 1


omen in Science and Enginee11ng

This annual event at Ohio University is gnto make young women aware of potentia career in the sciences Graduate s . l students SARAH BASIIORE and 4jRIVAUGHN JOHNSON were the coordinators for the department’s display which was set up in Clippinger Laboratories by volunteers on wednesday, April 28t\ Volunteers from the department remained at the display to answer any questions and courage girls to explore ssibilitie5 in the plant sciences. A career 0


movie about plants was shown, brief tobiograph5 of women of the departmen t were posted and there were microscopes so that girls could take a closer look at some botanical specimens. Themes this year included showing how women in our department are from all over the world, and important uses of plant5 including fragranceS fibers, food, and flavorings.



BA: Harold Gilbert Sparks BS: Katherine Aleric, Will Fellers, Jarnie 1 Todd Bean, Brian Kierce, Jennifer Gray, Marc Stephens Jason England Mondo, Roy 1 BS (HTC) Christienne Kuczak .

MS: Dennis Bishàp (A. T. Trese), Carrie Railing (B. C. Mccarthy), James Spurney (J. C. Cavender) MSES: Rachele Kovar (M. L. Vis), Onesimus Otieno (1. Salick) PhD: Todd Egan (I. A. Ungar), Minggeng Gao (A. M. Showalter), Donggium Kim (J. P. Mitchell)



MICHELLE SHAFER (BS 1997) completed a two-year internship at Planting Fields Arboretum on Long Island and has moved to Toronto where she will work on a Masters in Plant Ecology at the University of Toronto. DONALD BUCKLEY (PhD 1986) After having the Chr0fli of Higher Education (June 21, 1996, p. 5A) complete a faculty profile on some of his teaching, Don received the Harry Jack Gray outstanding Teacher of the Year Award for 1997 at the university of Hartford. July 1, Don moved to Quinnipiac College, Hamden, to become Associate Professor and Director of lnstructi0n chnol0g5 for the School of Health Sciences. This summer Don

13 Botany

also became the chair of the teaching section of the Botanical Society of America. CHRIS KLINE (MS 1993) is working as a naturalist at Oakhurst Gardens, originally the home of the Ball brothers (as in canning jars), in Muncie, indiana. Chris develops and leads school tours, volunteer trainings, and adult education workshops. Chris sees KEM BADGER (PhD, 1989) now and then, since Kern is in charge of the local chapter of the Indiana native plant society, which meets at Oakhurst Gardens. AMY STEVENS (MSES 1998) has accepted a teaching position in North Carolina. ANDY SWANSON (BS 1988, MS 1992) has entered a doctoral program at the University of Arkansas and will be conducting a research project on Hawaiian soils.


JONATHAN HUM1’HREYS (BS 1999) received an internship working with carnivorous and rare plants at Meadowview Biological Research Station in Virginia for the summer of1999. M. AJMAL KHAN (PhD 1985) was recognized by the Pakistan Federal Minister of Science and Technology as among the leading scientists of Pakistan. CHRISTY KUCZAK (BS 1999, HTC) has entered the Masters Program in the Department of Soil, Crop, and Atmospheric Sciences at Cornell University to work with Dr. Erick Fernandes on Tropical Agroecology. She will be majoring in soil science with a minor in international agriculture and international development. JIM TRAMMELL (MS 1 964), after 32 years of service, has retired from the Biology Department at Arapahoe Community College, Littleton, Colorado, and is now doing volunteer work for a number of agencies. VICKEY TRAMMELL (graduate work, 1962-64) is the departrnentchair of the Biology Department at Arapahoe Community

College and does forensic botany for NecroSearch International as well as floristic studies for Colorado State Parks. SHU-XIA LI (PhD 1996) is now working in a position dealing with molecular biology computer databases in a private company in New Haven, CT. She returned to campus this past May to visit us and attend the MCB symposium. MINGGENG GAO (PhD 1999) has accepted a postdoctoral research position at Harvard University.

fyi Births Sharyn Magdalene Serbet was born July 4, 1999 at 8:41 am in Lawrence KS. She is named after her maternal grandmothers. Proud parents are WENDY GRANT (MS 1997) and RUDY SERBET (MS 1991, PhD 1997) Wesleigh Johnna Stryker was born July 12, 1999 at 3:43 pm in Austin, TX. She was 6 ibs, 13 ozs (3035 grams), 19.7 inches long (50 cm), and has black hair and dark blue eyes. Proud parents are Jamie and JOHN STRYKER (BS 1993, MS 1995).

Deaths We have received word that Donald Bailey succumbed to his battle with cystic fibrosis in October 1998. Donald was a student in Brian McCarthy’s lab in 1994 but was unable to complete his studies at Ohio University because of failing health.

Marriages Forrest Meekins and Todd Egan were married on May 22, 1999. Kurt Hartman and Susan Furrer were married on July 10, 1999.

14 Botany




Ballard, H. E. (ballardh)

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Area Code is: 740

We Would Like to Add Your URL to the Alumni Page Now that we have a WWW page with links to sites of alumni, we would like to keep it as up to date as possible. Check out the site ( and ifyou have a WWW page that you would like to have added, please send your URL by email to us.


Faculty and Staff News

PHIL CANTINO remains focused on the systematics of the Lamiaceae and phylogenetic nomenclature. He has been collaborating with Kevin de Queiroz, herpetologist at the Smithsonian Institution, and other biologists to produce the PhyloCode. The PhyloCode governs the naming of clades (complete branches on the tree of life) and would function in parallel with the traditional system of nomenclature. Phil also is interested in local floristics and recently prepared a list of native vascular plant species of Athens and Meigs County forests for use by The Rural Action Sustainable Forestry Program as well as local landowners. Masters student MARl-VAUGHN JOHNSON is documenting the flora of Dysart Woods while masters student BETH HOBERTY and undergraduate JENNIFER DEAN are surveying the flora of a 12-mile section of the new Hockhocking Adena Bikeway to determine if there are any rare species that should be protected during bikeway maintenance. Publications Cantino, P. D. 1999. A new species of Monochilus (Lamiaceae) from Brazil. Novon 9: 323-324. Cantino, P. D., S. J. Wagstaff, and R.G. Olmstead. 1999. Caryopteris (Lamiaceae) and the conflict between phylogenetic and pragmatic considerations in botanical nomenclature. Systematic Botany 23: 369-386. Grants Cantino, P. D. Ohio University Center for Public and Environmental Affairs, “Flora of the Hockhocking Adena Bikeway,’ $1,000 Alumni News GRETCHEN WALTERS entered the graduate program at Arizona State University in landscape ecology, with emphasis on the spread of exotic plant species in urban environments.

1999 PBIO Newsletter  

Ohio University Department of Environmental and Plant Biology Newsletter

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