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Tin is one of the earliest metals known and used. About 35 countries mine tin throughout the world. Nearly every continent has an important tin-mining country. Tin is a relatively scarce element. Most of the world’s tin is produced from placer deposits; at least one-half comes from Southeast Asia. The only mineral of commercial importance as a source of tin is cassiterite (SnO2), although small quantities of tin are recovered from complex sulfides.


Sn 118.71

Number 50 on the “periodic table” of elements

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SOURCES Tin is found chiefly in cassiterite. Tin is obtained by

reducing the ore with coal in a reverberatory furnace. The small amount of tin found in canned foods is quite harmless. Most tin is used as a protective coating or as an alloy with other metals such as lead or zinc. Tin is used in coatings for steel containers, in solders for joining pipes or electrical/electronic circuits, in bearing alloys, in glass-making, and in a wide range of tin chemical applications. Secondary, or scrap, tin is an important source of the tin supply.

TOXICITY Acute effects are: Eye and skin irritations, HeadSYMPTOMS aches, Stomachaches, Sickness and dizziness, Severe sweating, Breathlessness, Urination problems

Long-term effects are: Depressions, Liver damage, Malfunctioning of immune systems, Chromosomal damage, Shortage of red blood cells, Brain damage (causing anger, sleeping disorders, forgetfulness and headaches).


Triethyltin is the most dangerous organic tin substance for humans. Humans can absorb tin bonds through food and breathing and through the skin.

The estimated daily tin intake in food and water is (including canned food) is 1 -3 ppm daily There is cause for concern when the daily intake exceeds 200 ppm which is the maximum legal limit allowed in canned foods. Ideally concentration levels should be 0.

TESTING Check out tin levels in your body with our easy to use, home-based, HMT Tin Test Kit

Osumex HM-Chelat is most effective in eliminating heavy metals contamination in the body For more information, visit tin.php

Tin Toxic Heavy Metals Fact Sheet  

Tin toxicity, sources, symptoms and testing. Summarized fact sheet on effects of this substance on health.