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THE WADDEN WALK A WONDERFUL WALK ABOVE AND BELOW SEA LEVEL


ABOUT THE WADDEN

HOW TO GET THERE

Hiking is a great way to discover the gorgeous Wadden Sea area, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

the Stadhouderlijk Hof. You can get to know more about this piece of history by taking the Nassau hiking route through Leeuwarden.

The Wadden Sea is the largest tidal zone in the world. Nowhere else on earth will you find such a dynamic landscape with a multitude of habitats. The biodiversity depends on the Wadden Sea that provides a haven for over 10,000 plant and animal species, which continually adapt to the constantly changing environment. In addition, the exceptional amount of produced biomass attracts 10 to 12 million migratory birds that make a stopover here.

Due to Friesland’s rich history, there are numerous museums in the province. You can, for instance, visit the Kazemattenmuseum in Korn­ werderzand. This war museum tells the story of the Battle of the Afsluitdijk (a causeway linking the provinces of North Holland and Friesland) when the Germans invaded the Netherlands in 1940. Or discover in the Kaatsmu­ seum in Franeker the history of the Frisian sport of kaatsen, a traditional Frisian sport similar to American handball.

The Wadden Sea is the only ‘wilderness’ in the Netherlands and was proclaimed the ‘Most Beautiful Nature Reserve of the Netherlands’ in 2016. It offers something for everyone, from nature lovers to connoisseurs.

SCHIERMONNIKOOG FAIRWAY

Where in the world are the cities smaller than villages? In Friesland! They are not designated as cities because of their size but due to their historic value. Friesland is of course known for the Elfstedentocht, an ice skating competition and leisure tour on natural ice through eleven cities. Did you know that three of the eleven cities are in the Wadden area? Dokkum, Franeker and Harlingen are in the Wadden region. These cities have wonderful hiking trails. The province’s capital, Leeuwarden, is a great place to go when you visit Friesland. Leeuwarden is a royal city, the roots of the Dutch royal family are in Leeuwarden - or Ljouwert, as the Frisians call it. Leeuwarden was the capital of the Netherlands from 1584 to 1747 and the royal family resided in

Coastal fishing and the fishing culture have contributed greatly to the Province of Friesland as we know it today. The protected villagescape of Moddergat ’t Fiskershúske’ is in the most northern part of Friesland, directly on the Wadden Sea. This open-air museum keeps alive the memories of the long-gone coastal fishing and general fishing culture. Ready for something different? Discover Harlingen, a real Wadden city. It is where you will find the Harlinger Pottery and Tile Factory, a family business with a rich history. The factory was established in 1598

and today it is the last business in the Netherlands to manufacture pottery and tiles using authentic techniques. Hungry? Then have a bite to eat in Restaurant De Zwarte Haan. The restaurant is located at the end of the Nieuwebildtdijk. You have an amazing view over the Wadden Sea from the sea dyke. You can even see the island of Ameland. A statue of the ‘Slikwerker’ (mud worker) stands to remind us of the time-consuming dredging work carried out in the Bildt area between 1505 and 1754. The construction of the Oude- and Nieuwebildtdijk (dykes) created the Bildt, rich arable land that has become world famous for the Bildstar potato.

This hiking guide describes five hiking trails that take you along the highlights of Friesland’s Wadden coast. Simply dust off your hiking boots and enjoy the beauty Friesland has to offer! This is one of three guide books that offer hiking trails throughout the Wadden area. The other two guide books take you through the Province of Groningen and through Eastern Friesland (Germany). For more information, please go to: www.watten-route.com


SCHIERMONNIKOOG

North Sea

N o o r d z e e

A M E L A N D

N361

T E R S C H E L L I N G 86

FROM CITY TO WADDEN SEA

36 38 37

N358

Holwerd Holwert 60

43

69

76

96

Marrum

77 94 78

AROUND THE TERPS 33 34 13

WWaadd dd ee n z Seeea

68

N357

46

89

85

90 98 99

73

39

16 15

Dokkum

N388

N358

Oldehove

FRIESLAND OUTSIDE OF THE DYKES

Hallum

Sint-Annaparochie Sint-Anne

97

88

17

14

LAUWERSMEER 46

Kollum

Damwoude Damwâld

N355

Stiens Zwaagwesteinde De Westereen

N361

Berltsum

V L I E L A N D

Gytsjerk Giekerk

Berlikum N393PLANETARIUM TO FIBULA FROM

44 43

Harlingen Harns

5857 59

64 65

80 87

96

Dronrijp

Franeker Frjentsjer

Dronryp

Leeuwarden Ljouwert

N356

N355

T E X E L

87

70 27 28

29

N359

Wommels

32 14 15

Witmarsum Wytmarsum

Bolsward Boalsert

Kootstertille Koatstertille

N358

Surhuisterveen Surhústerfean

Wergea Warga

93 92

A7

N359

Grou

Grootegast

N388

Niekerk

N980

Leek

Roden

Marum

Drachten

N354

Zuidhorn

Harkema De Harkema

N31

N31

Grijpskerk

Buitenpost Bûtenpost

Burgum Bergum

A31

GOLDEN COLLAR OF PINGJUM

N983

Beetsterzwaag

Ureterp

NieuwRoden

Oerterp Haulerwijk


FROM CITY TO WADDEN SEA

FROM CITY TO WADDEN SEA

SCHIERMONNIKOOG

A M E L A N D

Nes

Route 16 km 39  99  98  90  97  85  46  60  37  38  36  86

Ferry Holwerd–Ameland

E 86

36 38 37

Holwerd Holwert

N358

D 60 46

N356

C 85

90 98 97 99

N357

A

Marrum

Sint-Annaparochie Sint-Anne

Hallum

39

B

Dokkum

Damwoude Damwâld

Stiens Zwaagwesteinde De Westereen Gytsjerk N356 Giekerk

N361

SMOCK MILL ‘DE HOND’ LEEUWARDEN

N355

Burgum Bergum

Leeuwarden Ljouwert N31

Wergea Warga

N359

The hiking trail N361 from the city to the Wadden Sea is about 16 kilometres long. It starts in the historic city of Dokkum at the Aalsumerpoort, one of the old city gates. The final destinaLAUWERSMEER tion is the pier in the historic trading village of Holwerd. You follow paved and unpaved roads past St Boniface Church N388 N358 and the three terp (or mound) villages of Aalsum, Foudgum DOldehove N983 Wadden and Waaxens. The final De Noordhoren Experience Centre in Holwerd is the destination is Holwerd pier, Kollum perfect starting point for following the where you can take a boat to Wadden hiking tours. An experienced Ameland. GrijpsN355 guide will take you over the Wadden A There are numerous historical kerk Sea at low tide. There are various tour Zuidhorn options: for adults, for children and buildings to admire in the old fortified Buitenpost also educational tours. city of Dokkum; these include St Bûtenpost Martin’s Church, the city hall, the

N388 E The boat to Ameland departs from Admiraliteitshuis museum and the Niekerk Grootegast Waeg, where were once the pier in Holwerd. First take an N358dairy products weighed and where soldiers billeted. enjoyable ferry trip over the Wadden Dokkum is known internationally for Sea, and then relax on this wonderful N980 Surhuisterveen the murder of St Boniface. Museum Wadden Island with its glorious flora Surhústerfean Dokkum, the two flour mills and St and fauna. Boniface Church are definitely worth Harkema Leek visiting. De Harkema

B

CATCHING SOME FRESH

Drachten N354

C The three terp (mound) villages Aalsum, Foudgum, and Waaxens in the Municipality of Dongeradeel, date from the early Middle Ages. Excavations in Aalsum unearthed a 7th century buckle, a shed stick and hoods dating from the late Merovingian period, among other items. For a time, the vicarage in Foudgum was occupied by poet and minister François Haverschmidt (pseudo­nym: Piet Paaltjens). St Thomas Church in Waaxens dates from the 12th century.

The Roman Catholic St Boniface Church was built in 1871 basedMarum on a design by Pierre Cuypers. It was the second of seven Neo-Gothic churches that he built in Friesland. The chapel in St Boniface has a reliquary containing Ureterp A7 part of St Boniface’s skull.

THE BONIFACE CHAPEL IN DOKKUM

Roden

NieuwRoden

Oerterp

Grou

Haulerwijk Haulerwyk

Beetsterzwaag Beetstersweach N381 N392

Sneek Snits

N919

Gorredijk De Gordyk

Norg


T E R S C H E L L I N G

FRIESLAND BUITENDIJKS West-Terschelling (OUTSIDE OF THE DYKES) West-Skylge

FRIESLAND OUTSIDE OF THE DYKES

N35

Holwerd Holwert N356

C

Route 8,8 km 68  33  34  13  14  46

W a d d e n z e e

In the north-west of Friesland, on the alluvial land in the mouth of what was once the Middelzee (or Bordine) estuary, you can discover the Munici­ pa­­l­ity of het Bildt. Here, the general and cultural history are clearly visible: the land reclamation, the exceptional dyke constructions, the special farm buildings and the characteristic spacious landscape. In a roughly 30-kilometre tour over the old sea dykes you pass by many prominent sites, galleries, lovely cafes and eateries. The North Friesland Buitendijks nature reserve is also well worth visiting. An 8.8-kilometre day-long hike has been set out through this wonderful area starting from the characteristic village of Oudebildtzijl.

N357 33 34 13

A

In the centre of Oudebildtzijl you will find the Aerden Plaats, a cultural visitors’ centre. You can find out more about the history of the origins of this particular area in the Archaeological Visitors’ Centre. Visit the Butterfly Garden at the back or enjoy a cup of tea in the tearoom.

A

AERDEN PLAATS

46

Hallum

Stiens N361

Berltsum

Gytsjerk Giekerk

Berlikum

Dronryp

N31

FRIESLAND OUTSIDE OF THE DYKES

Wergea Warga

N359

Wommels N354 N359

Grou

Bolsward Boalsert Makkum

Sneek Snits

N359

A7

N355

Leeuwarden Ljouwert

Dronrijp

C

The northern part of the Elfsteden­ N31 route has been accessible for leisure boats since 2013. It is a beautiful natural area and a paradise for bird Witmarsum lovers. Wytmarsum

Marrum

B

Sint-Annaparochie Sint-Anne

B

You can find out more about the history of the areas inside and outside N393 the dykes of the Northern Friesland coastal region in the unmanned Kweldercentrum Noarderleech visitors’ centre. It is located nearby A31 Harlingen the village of Hallum and just behind Franeker Harns the sea dyke at Noarderleech. Pop inside to get a better idea of what youFrjentsjer can see outside.

68

14

PAESSENS N392

IJlst Drylts Heeg Heech

A7

Joure De Jouwer

Workum Warkum

N359

I J s s e l m e e r

A3

Koudum

N354

Balk

Tsjûkemar N924


AROUND THE TERPS (MOUNDS)

AROUND THE TERPS

SCHIERMONNIKOOG

Schiermonnikoog Skiermûntseach

A M E L A N D

Nes Route 15,5 km N361 77  96  69  43  76  89  88  73  15  16  17  94  78

Ferry Holwerd–Ameland

B 69

Ferwerd Ferwert

E

43 76

96

77 94 78

Marrum

D

A route through the cultivated landscape of North-East Friesland with its long history. Literally walk in LAUWERSMEER the footsteps of the monks of monasteries like Foswert, who cultivated the land, and visit Hegebeintum; Friesland’s highest terp that N358 was inhabited as early as 600 B.C. The name of the terp refers to its height and to the grey hair-grassKollum which is now extinct in the village.

N358

Holwerd Holwert

A

17

89

N356

C

88 73

Dokkum

16 15

Hallum

Sint-Annaparochie Sint-Anne

Damwoude Damwâld

THE FRIESIAN HORSE

Zwaagwesteinde De Westereen

N361

Berltsum

Berlikum LEEUWARDEN

Gytsjerk Giekerk

N356

N355

Dronrijp

Burgum Bergum

Dronryp

Leeuwarden Ljouwert N31

N359 HEGEBEINTUM TERP

N355 The Gothic St Martin’s Church kerk was built in the village of Ferwerd in the early 16thBuitenpost century. The high tower indicated that the church fulfilled SEA DYKE Bûtenpost a central function. For many years, Kootstertille N388 Ferwerd had two terps, the Terpsterp Koatstertille Grootegast N358 and the Burmaniaterp, named after the Burmania family.

Surhuisterveen

B

Wommels N354

Grou

Zuidhorn

Niekerk

N980

The Ferwerderadeel polder ‘outside Surhústerfean the dykes’ (Vriespolder) lies behind the Sea Dyke, with the Wadden Sea Harkema beyond. De Harkema C The Harstastate is an old Frisian estate (former stronghold) to the east of Hegebeintum. The estate was first mentioned in books in 1511. The estate houses the Harsta Hoeve (homestead), Drachten which is now a hotel.Ureterp A7 Oerterp

Wergea Warga

E the hamlet of De Rijp, there used to be three important farms: Jansma, Roula and Elsma. The road Oldehove N983 called Kahoolsterlaan (or Kahourn­ sterweg) was named after the Groot Koohoolfarm (built in 1783), that literally means ‘cold place’.

N388In

Grijps-

A

Stiens

D The former Foswert monastery in Ferwerd is a Benedictine nunnery or double monastery that was to be founded on Ameland in the year 860 but was moved to Ferwerd due to the Viking raids in the 11th or 12th century. The monastery reformed in 1581 and joined the congregation at Bursfeld.

Beetsterzwaag Beetstersweach

Leek Roden

Marum

NieuwRoden

Haulerwijk Haulerwyk N381

N392

N919

Sneek Snits IJlst Drylts

Jubbega

Oosterwolde Easterwâlde

Norg


West-Skylge

FROM PLANETARIUM TO FIBULA

FROM PLANETARIUM TO FIBULA

Sint-Annaparochie Sint-Anne Route 14,2 km VLIELAND 65  64  59  57  58  44  43  80  87  96

This varied hike takes you past important historic buildings in the old university city of Franeker and through the stunning cultivated landscape beyond. Franeker is believed to have been established as a Carolingian settlement around the year 800. The name is derived from Froon-acker, which literally means ‘land of the king’. The route follows T E X part E L of the 42-kilometre long Slachtedijk, the Middelzee (or Bordine) sleeper dyke (secondary inland dyke). A The Eise Eisinga Planetarium is a great place to visit. Mounted on the living room ceiling of a lovely canal house in Franeker is the world’s oldest functioning planetarium. This accurately moving model of the solar system was built between 1774 and 1781 by Eise Eisinga, a wool carder. B

Museum Martena is Franeker’s city museum; it is housed in the Martenastins that was built in 1498 by order of Hessel van Martena. Nowadays, regular contemporary art exhibitions are held here and, furthermore, it houses one of the only three xylotheques in the Netherlands. The beautiful garden wasDen landscaped Oever by Lucas Pieters Roodbaard in 1834.

Hippolytushoef

Anna Paulowna

C Sjûkelân is the Frisian name for the handball field in the Sternse Slotland park in Franeker. The two towers on the east-side of the handball field remind us that the Slaerdemaslot (manor house) stood on this spot until 1727. The annual handball contest, the ‘PC’, has been held here on the fifth Wednesday after 30 June since 1856. D

The former Kruisheeren monastery in Franeker accommodated a university from 1585 to 1811. This monastery was founded in 1476 but was vacated in 1585 to make room for the faculties of theology, law, medicine, philology and philosophy. As the university was unable to withstand the tough competition from other universities, Napoleon closed it down in 1811.

Berltsum

Berlikum N393

F 44 43

Harlingen Harns

D C

64 65

Dronrijp

Dronryp

B

96

E

Franeker Frjentsjer N359

N31

Witmarsum Wytmarsum

Wommels

N35 N359

Bolsward Boalsert Makkum

Sneek Snits FRISIAN HANDBALL N359

IJlst Drylts Heeg Heech

F

In 1953, a farmer in Wijnaldum made one of the biggest international terp finds ever: the golden fibula, a cloak clasp dating from the 7th century. The red gemstone comes all the way from India. There is an archaeological visitors’ centre in Wijnaldum where you can find out all about it.

A7

Workum Warkum

N359

Koudum

N354

Balk

Wieringerwerf

Leeuwarden Ljouwert

A

80 87

EISE EISINGA PLANETARIUM

E

The Slachtedijk or Slachte is a sleeper dyke stretching almost 42 kilometres through the Frisian region of Westergo. The dyke originates from between the 10th and 13th centuries when the polder dykes were connected and extended. It last functioned as a seawall during the floods of 1825. Every four years, the Slachte Marathon is run over the entire length of the dyke. A7

5857 59

N359


N356

Dokkum

N357

PINGJUMER GULDEN HALSBAND Hallum Damwoude (GOLDEN Damwâld COLLAR OF Stiens PINGJUM)Zwaagwesteinde DYKE Marrum

GOLDEN COLLAR OF PINGJUM

Sint-Annaparochie Sint-Anne

N361

Berltsum

N393

Dronrijp

A31

Harlingen Harns

87

C

29

Ljouwert

N359 93

B 27 28

Franeker Frjentsjer

D

N31

92 70

Wommels

32 14 15

A

Witmarsum Wytmarsum

N354 N359

Bolsward Boalsert

Makkum

Buitenpost leader of the Mennonites isBûtenpost said to N356 Kootstertille have walked over the wooden floor and the exceptionalKoatstertille tombstones that still N358 remain intact today.

N355

Dronryp Leeuwarden

Sneek Snits

SINT LAURENTIUS CHURCH

A stunning route over Fries­ Burgum land’s oldest dykes through Surhuisterveen Bergum B Menno’s Fermanje can be found an area with a rich cultural Surhústerfean in Pingjum. The hidden church for history. The Pingjumer Gulden Baptists dates from 1600. Fermanje Halsband dyke protected the Harkema means ‘admonition’, the name the village of Pingjum against the N31 De Harkema Baptists use for their church building. water in Marne Bay. Along the The church is situated in the back part way, there are many reminders Wergea of the house. The remarkably plain of Menno Simons, the founder Warga decor is typical of the simple standards of the Baptist Church. The of the Baptists. domed church at Witmarsum is one example, another is C The Eendracht polder drainage Drachten Menno’s Fermanje (Admonition) Ureterp mill was built in 1872A7 to drain the in Pingjum, probably the most Oerterp eponymous polder dating from well-known pilgrimage site for Grou the same year. The wind was given Baptists. Beetsterzwaag a helping hand by a diesel engine To the south-west of Kimswerd, Beetstersweach between 1966 and 1975. Since 2006, the village of the legendary the windmill has been designated N381 an Frisian crusader Grutte Pier, emergency pumping station for in the you can see the Eendracht N392 event of severe flooding. polder drainage mill. A

N359

IJlst Drylts Heeg Heech

A7

Kollum

De Westereen

Route 14,6Gytsjerk km 15  32  29  28  Giekerk 27  87  93  92  70  14

Berlikum

N358

In the 17th century the domed church at Witmarsum replaced its predecessor, which was destroyed by a storm, and where Menno Simons Joure was known to have preached. The

De Jouwer

Gorredijk St Laurentius Church in De Gordyk Kimswerd is dedicated to Laurentius D

and dates back to theJubbega 11th century, making it the oldest remaining church in Friesland. N380

Heerenveen It Hearrenfean

Workum Warkum

N351 N380

N359

A32

Koudum

N354

Tsjûkemar

Balk

N924

N359

N351

Wolvega

Lemmer

A6

N351

G


INFO ON APP HIKING TRAIL JUNCTIONS Download the hiking app and enjoy all the beautiful trails in the Wadden area that Groningen, Friesland and Eastern Friesland have to offer. The app is free for iPhone, iPad and Android and provides a list of hiking trails in the Netherlands (Groningen and Friesland) and Germany (Eastern Friesland), for active holidaymakers, nature lovers and families.

LEEUWARDEN

ACCOMMODATION AND ACTIVITIES Everyone has heard of the Elfstedentocht, but Friesland has much more to offer. We have selected five wonderful trails. For example, you can hike from the city to the Wadden Sea, or follow a trail over Friesland’s oldest dykes. You can follow each trail individually, at your own pace. The trails vary from 8 to 16 kilometres, so are highly suitable to do in a day.

If you would like to follow several hiking trails, then Friesland offers plenty of overnight options for adventurers. These vary from luxury hotels to cosy Bed & Breakfasts. Sleep in a canal house in the old centre of Dokkum or spend the night with a farmer at the historic De Wylde Swanne estate in the Frisian country-­­ side. See an extensive list of accom­ modation options in Friesland on: https://www.friesland.nl/en/plan/ accommodation. For more tips and information, you can also go to one of the Tourist Offices (VVV) in the region or go to: www.friesland.nl/en It giet oan! (Fries for: It’s on!) Dust off your hiking boots and get going!

The route tips offer ideal support during your hike. You can plan your route in advance at home, but also use the app as a handy practical guide while hiking. You receive detailed descriptions of the routes with information on the distance, duration and degree of difficulty of the hikes, and sights and tips for recreation and travel. The sights are displayed as interactive clickable symbols on the map. This map is available both onand offline and can be downloaded in advance, enabling you to view the saved trails at any time, even when offline. In addition, the app has an extra function enabling you to determine your location via a GPS signal so you always know exactly where you are. You can zoom in on the topographical map which has a scale of 1:25,000. You can also sort the route information in alphabetical order, degree of difficulty and distance to your final location. This guide leads you from one trail junction to the next. There are five trails, each describing a number of sights that you will pass along the way. At each junction you have the option to take a different trail. For more information, please go to: www.wadden-route.com


IMPRINT COMPOSED BY Province of Fryslân PRINT Zalsman Groningen B.V.  PHOTOGRAPHY Marcel van Kammen, Theo de Witte, Niels Bons, Hans-Albert Dirks, Monique Pruyt and others CREDITS All information has been collected and processed with the utmost care. However, Marketing Groningen cannot be held liable for any inaccuracies or price changes.

This project is supported financially by the European Union and INTERREG partners under the INTERREG programme.

Profile for Ostfriesland Tourismus GmbH

Wanderführer Friesland (NL)  

5 spannende Wandererlebnisse in der Provincie Fryslân (Niederlande) in englischer Sprache

Wanderführer Friesland (NL)  

5 spannende Wandererlebnisse in der Provincie Fryslân (Niederlande) in englischer Sprache

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