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1


OSCAR M .SINGH JR.

THE SOCIAL STIGMA WE LIVE WITH EVERYDAY


CONTENTS

SCIAPHOBIA KAINOTOPHOBIA ATHAZAGORAPHOBIA NYCHTOPHOBIA AQUAPHOBIA AUTOMATONOPHOBIA COULROPHOBIA


SOCIAL STIGMA -

fear of someone doing the same exact thing as you. taking over your life, stealing your identity.


SCIAPHOBIA -

fear of shadows


FEAR Identity theft has recently become the

gain information. Information about

world of ours. Potential thieves are

what websites you go to, where you

becoming extremely adept at lever-

click on certain sites, purchases,

aging stolen data to empty existing

search history. Hackers can gather

accounts, max credit limits, apply for

that information and sell it to the

jobs, and even obtain mortgages.

highest bidder. Essentially selling

Despite the specifics of the fraud, becoming a victim of identity theft can end up costing you a ton of time, stress, and money. There is no one specific way to prevent identity theft. The best thing you can do is take preventative measures to ensure that identity theft is less likely to happen to you. The more you know and the more you do, the better off you are. There are multiple ways to stay safe from this crime. One big thing many people don’t think about is their online activity. Every website you go to tracks you through “cookies.” “Cookies” enable them to see your search history and to place ads all around other websites. Google is the primary website that does this. By tracking your search history, hackers can see where you go to purchase items and hack your accounts and get your credit card information. We are most vulnerable when online.

8

The main objective for them is to

fastest growing crime in this new

you for higher.


SCIAPHOBIA Hobbies, Employer, Memberships

Financial Accounts

Phone #

Address Date of Expiration and Confirmation Code of Cards

Mother’s Maiden Name

Banking PINs

Passport #

Driver’s License #

Online Passwords

Account #

Full Name

Date of Birth

Social Security # These is information needed for thieves to be able to “take over your life.” Each more important than the other. Identity thieves need only a few or one of these to be able to become you. Many of these are everyday information you give out to strangers, random or regular secure websites, job applications. Meaning you are vulnerable everyday, at all times. Best way to be secure against any and all threats is to not go out or live life.

– taken from identitytheft.gov

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FEAR THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS

10

IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS

NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT

ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME.

THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS

IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS

NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT

ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME.

THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS

IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS

NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT

ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME.

THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS THIS IS NOT ME. THIS

IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS

NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT

ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME.

THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS THIS

IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS IS

NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT NOT

ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME. ME.


SCIAPHOBIA I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM

TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS

PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON.

I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM

TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS

PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON.

I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM

TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS

PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON.

I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM AM

TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS TH IS

PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON. PE R SON.

I AM THIS PERSON.

11


KAINOTOPHOBIA fear of change

SOCIAL STIGMA -

fear of life taking a drastic/dramatic change for the worse. creating change, but thinking it could be a bad choice.


FEAR

One day it is there. Badadum-da dum da dum da dum

Everything as it had 14

been left.


KIANOTAPHOBIA Badadum-da dum da dum da dum

Nothing moved, nothing touched. Bada-dadum

15


FEAR

16


KIANOTAPHOBIA

The world rotating,

what a beautiful sight. Not seen

by most, but noticed nonetheless. Day, night, a.m., p.m.; causing the slightest movements in behaviour. Intertwining forces battling one another for dominance yet never giving way. A declaration of a never ending war. Finding peace within the structure created to move in a cycle of an ever expanding concentrated measure of causalities. Leaving behind nothing ‘cept everything thrown asunder.

What a world we live in,

a place we call

home, so familiar to us, so known by us, always the same, yet always different, never needing us to suckle it, but giving us everything we need & more.

Mother Nature,

what a brutal force you are to behold.

Taking what you want, when you want it, with absolutely no remorse for the ones living atop. Constantly having to bend to your will. Nothing is certain, no wonder we fear of vicissitude.

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ATHAZAGORAPHOBIA SOCIAL STIGMA -

fear of the world leaving you behind. thinking the world is better off without you. fear that your loved one will forget you.

fear of forgetting


FEAR There are more than 7 billion people

More gone than here now. History

on this planet. Each one their own

tells us of times and places of such

being. All with one underlying fear.

events, but never who was there

That maybe, just maybe...they are

with them. Where they alone or

not good enough. The ones they

accompanied? How did they feel

know and love...will forget about

through the ordeal? Were they

them. Find a person better than

remembered by those who kept

them. And move on with their lives.

memories? Those quirks never

Leaving their trace on them, only

noticed, but now missed. Almost

to have it removed and replaced.

feels like a break-up, one leaves and

Living a life not meant to be lived.

the other stays to pick up the pieces.

Those are the people worth looking after. The people with doubt, the people with instances leading them into a demise otherwise not foreseen. Preventable measures not taken into place due to false hope not ensued. Taken at such an untimely manner. Never again to feel them. Never again to see them. Never again to hold them. Never again to laugh with them. Never again. Saddened and left behind. What to do now...live what’s left of the personal life forgotten by the one who’s gone now. Gone they are. To a place better known by those who speak of such places. Flying through passages flown by many before them. Meeting historians and speaking their language. Becoming one of them for eternity, amongst beings thought up of in stories.

20


ATHAZAGORAPHOBIA

But what if that‘s not true...what if that is just their imagination...an underlying fear...a fear that grasp them and does not let go. What if... none of that occurs, they start to ponder,

They are that better person...the person everyone around them deser ves . Want s . Needs. To leave t heir t rac e on them, for time to come. To live a life meant to be lived. Radiating with life now grown again. Out into the world they go, with those who feel for t h e m alongside. Having conquered the unconquerable.

21


FEAR

& & Sometimes

is exactly

22


ATHAZAGORAPHOBIA

& what we think

what the other is thinking.

23


fear of

SOCIAL STIGMA -

losing

contac

t wit


ark

th any

A I B O H P O T H C Y N

one or

every

one

f

ro

fea

d the

t

igh

n or


FEAR In this day and age not having elec-

news only depicted the news.

tricity is madness. Going through

Family sat around the dinner table

day after day stuck on our phones.

at dinner time to converse about

Social media here, social media

their day & enjoy each others com-

there, everywhere. It‘s crazy to

pany. Every morning neighb ors

think not too long ago we had none

greeted with a howdy-do.

of that. A time when knocking was announcing your arrival. When

26


NYCHTOPHOBIA

NOW-A-DAYS Little kids cry when taken for the betterment of each from their portable devices. other. Finding new methods Big kids throw a tantrum of gaining power to have it without immediate satis- being evoured. No power faction. Rushing to find an means no family. No outlet. This world is one power means no friends. made for the consumer. Not No power means no self. 27


FEAR

THE VIPER A scary story for those in need of scary stories

28


NYCHTOPHOBIA One strange night, a man receives a call. The person on the other line says his uncle has just passed away and in his passing, his uncle gave him his house just outside of a town on top of the hill. Rumors had it that the house was haunted...yet he decided to move in anyway.

Late one night, the phone rang. When he answered it, a voice was heard, “I AM THE VIPER. I WILL BE THERE IN TWO HOURS!” Suddenly hanging up, giving no chance to the man to answer.

Not long afterwards, the phone rang again, with the same eerie voice crying out, “I AM THE VIPER. I WILL BE THERE IN THIRTY MINUTES!” Quickly hanging up again. The man began to wonder who is it exactly that keeps calling and hanging up before he has a chance to respond.

Before he knew it, the phone was ringing once again, “I AM THE VIPER. I WILL BE THERE IN TEN MINUTES!” Very concerned about what he should do now. He slowly began to panic.

“I AM THE VIPER. I WILL BE THERE IN FIVE MINUTES!” The phone rang. He began to panic.

“I AM THE VIPER. I WILL BE THERE IN ONE MINUTE!” He began to run around and lock all the windows and the doors, immediately calling the police and explaining the situation. The operator stated the police are on their way. Suddenly a loud knock on the door. Shaking with fear, “Is that the police?” The man cried. “No,” replied the voice, “I am the Viper, I come to vipe you vindows.”

– taken from scaryforkids.com

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AQUAPHOBIA SOCIAL STIGMA -

fear of water/drowning

fear of accruing so much debt that over time you wouldn’t be able to pay it off and essentially “drown” in debt.


FEAR Todays Federal Debt of the United States of America clocks in at

$18,762,05 Approximately

$57,499

per person

By the end of the 2016 Fiscal Year, the United States of America Fed

$22.4 trillio Approximately

$68,648

per person

32


AQUAPHOBIA

52,184,000 ($18.7 trillion dollars)

deral Debt is expected to be

on dollars – taken from usgovernmentdebt.us

33


FEAR

Why should I work...study...buy a house...a car...bu

Gain money...an education...a sustainable living environment...t

34


AQUAPHOBIA

uild a family...raise my children...for what...who...

transportation...build a family...raise my children...for me...her...

35


AUTOMATONOPHOBIA -

fear of ventriloquist‘s dummies, creatures, wax statues


SOCIAL STIGMA -

fear of a false person, idol. thinking that a person isn‘t who they say they are.


FEAR

38


AUTOMATONOPHOBIA Puppets were first introduced around 1,000

the one being portraying is wrong in some cul-

B.C.E. in India. Ever since then puppets have

tures. A mask hiding what’s underneath is not

been used to portray stories and for entertain-

viewed as a good thing in society now-a-days, yet

ment purposes. Growing up with them side by

it happens constantly. Very many people go out

side seemed like the perfect life. Playing with

and purchase puppets due to how they appear

them everyday, imagining various worlds with a

and are able to move. No person is looking for

Over the course of time puppets started to myriad of people in them, having the puppet take one that will not be what it shows itself to be. In take on this almost macabre feel to them. on the “form” of a particular character. Each as this new world of technology many new kind of Having them around the house became unique as the previous one. What seems just like puppets are popping out everywhere they can. frightening, Kids now-a-days aren‘t very comany other game over time took on this twisted New techniques are developed to appeal to the fortable having puppets around them as they form. Portrayal of puppets went from cute kids masses. Make everyone think they are purchasing used to. No longer a household staple. toys and mannequins into objects that could be what it is described as, not always is that the truth. possessed. Objects that gained your trust because of their innocent form only to turn on you. Naturally many people now are very fearful of these objects. To take on a form other than

39


FEAR Over time this was happening to

Converging into one another. Not

people as well. Taking on these

being able to keep track of who’s

forms that weren‘t them. Acting as

who, what for what. Each mask spe-

one and being another. Acting like

cialized for the task ahead, with the

puppets, someone controlling their

mind tuned into it’s frequency. All

actions, even though they them-

the things they say. All the things

selves were the proprietors of said

they hear, cluttering around waiting

hindrances. Covered as they may

to be released. Becoming the mask

be, inside those masks they hide

which once served a purpose.

their true character. Thinking them-

Hiding their face with such ease.

selves gods. Gods who would trick others. Pretending to be one while actually being another. Faking one, faking another. Taking the form of one desired. A “puppet” controlled by himself. Only those may they be looked at with remorse. A state of being one should not strive for.

40


AUTOMATONOPHOBIA

41


COULROPHOBIA -

fear of clowns

SOCIAL STIGMA -

fear of achieving joy through other people. thinking that you are not able to make yourself happy.

Clowns, since they were thought up of, had

After his death, Charles Dickens was left to

but one purpose; To bring joy to those

write Grimaldi’s memoirs. He wrote how only

around them. Somewhere over the course

he knew how to write, for every laugh there

of history that began to change. Children were

was commensurate pain. Due to these mem-

not laughing anymore. Neither were they

oirs it is says that Dickens invented the scary

asking for their parents to have a clown on

clown persona—by creating a figure who is

their birthday. Instead they wanted nothing to

literally destroying himself to make his audi-

do with them. Serial killers, movies, comics,

ences laugh. What Dickens did was to make it

public perception quickly turned a blind eye

difficult to look at a clown without wondering

to these “ecstatic souls.”

what was going on underneath the make-up.

Clowns as we know them now haven’t always been dressed up in that fashion. It wasn’t until Joseph Grimaldi in the 1800’s that clowns were depicted with varied make-up and eccentric clothing apparel. Grimaldi was a famous theatre clown, seen by abou one eight of London. at that time. Over the course of his life, his characted started to become his own persona. He lead a tragic life, tyrant father, first wife died during childbirth, son died at the age of thirty-one as a drunk clown and because of his antics he was in constant pain.

– from smithsonianmag.com | Arts & Culture

43


COULROPHOBIA

“So in one way, the clown has always been an impish spirit…as he’s kind of grown up, he’s always been about fun, but part of that fun has been a bit of mischief.” – David Kiser

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Designer Oscar M. Singh Jr. Typeface Used Berthold Akzidenz Grotesk Photography Section photographs by Christian Hopkins Clown photography by Eolo Perfido & Erwin Olaf Published by OMS Designs 2210 Elm Ave El Centro, California 92243 Š 2015 OMS Designs Printed and bound in California All rights reserved No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means without permission from the publisher. Critics, however, are welcome to quote brief passages by way of criticism and review. This book was designed, printed, & bound by Oscar M. Singh Jr. All type is Berthold Akzidenz Grotesk, designed by Berthold Type Foundry. The paper is Epson Presentation Matte Paper.

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