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Study – «Machine building, Electric and Metal industry in Poland». October 2012 osec.ch


Study - Machine building, Electric and Metal industry in Poland. Title:

ÂŤMachine building, Electric and Metal industry in PolandÂť.

Language:

English

Number of pages:

120

Content:

The Study contains information on the Polish economy and compares Polish and Swiss economic indicators. The main content of the Study includes complex analyses of the machine building, electric and metal industries in Poland.

Author:

APAX Consulting Group Sp. z o.o. Al. Ujazdowskie 41 00-540 Warsaw Poland

Date:

October 2012

2


Contents. STUDY - „MACHINE BUILDING, ELECTRIC AND METAL INDUSTRY IN POLAND .................................................... 2 CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................................................................. 3 1.

2.

3.

1.1

COMPARISON OF ECONOMICAL PERFORMANCE: SWITZERLAND - POLAND .............................................. 5 POPULATION ......................................................................................................................................................... 5

1.2

ECONOMIC STRUCTURE ......................................................................................................................................... 6

1.3

ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND GDP ............................................................................ 8

1.4

LABOUR FORCE, LABOUR EFFICIENCY AND UNIT LABOUR COSTS ............................................................................. 11

DETERMINANTS OF ECONOMICAL STRENGTH IN POLAND ........................................................................... 14 2.1 INNOVATIONS ...................................................................................................................................................... 14

2.1.1

Capacity for innovations ............................................................................................................................................................... 15

2.1.2

R&D expenditure.............................................................................................................................................................................. 16

2.1.3

R&D cooperation at universities ............................................................................................................................................... 16

2.2

TAXATION ........................................................................................................................................................... 17

2.3

STATE REGULATIONS ........................................................................................................................................... 18

2.4

INFRASTRUCTURE ............................................................................................................................................... 19

2.5

INTERCONTINENTAL AND INTERREGIONAL ACCESSIBILITY ........................................................................................ 22

INDUSTRIAL GOODS IN COMPARISON SWITZERLAND - POLAND ............................................................... 23 3.1 INVESTMENT ACTIVITIES ....................................................................................................................................... 23 3.2

FOREIGN TRADE .................................................................................................................................................. 24

3.3

INDUSTRIAL GOODS: STRUCTURE AND DEVELOPMENT ........................................................................................... 26

4.1

ACTUAL STATE OF MACHINE BUILDING, ELECTRIC AND METAL INDUSTRY IN POLAND ........................ 29 AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES.................................................................................. 29

4.2

TOOLS ................................................................................................................................................................ 34

4.3

ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY ............................................................................................................................ 41

4.4

TEXTILE INDUSTRY .............................................................................................................................................. 52

4.5

W ELDING TECHNOLOGY ....................................................................................................................................... 58

4.6

ASD (AERONAUTICAL, SECURITY, DEFENSE) ....................................................................................................... 60

4.7

PACKAGING MACHINERY ...................................................................................................................................... 68

4.8

ASSEMBLY AND FACTORY AUTOMATION ................................................................................................................. 70

4.9

MACHINERY INDUSTRY ......................................................................................................................................... 73

4.

4.10 DIMENSIONAL MEASUREMENT .............................................................................................................................. 77 4.11 COMPRESSORS, PNEUMATIC AND VACUUM TECHNOLOGY ....................................................................................... 79 4.12 PUMP TECHNOLOGY ............................................................................................................................................ 81 4.13 HANDLING AND STORAGE EQUIPMENT ................................................................................................................... 83


4.14 GRAPHIC MACHINERY .......................................................................................................................................... 84 4.15 METALLURGY INDUSTRY....................................................................................................................................... 86 4.16 PLASTIC AND RUBBER GOODS .............................................................................................................................. 89 4.17 PROCESS ENGINEERING EQUIPMENT .................................................................................................................... 92 4.18 POWER ENGINEERING TRANSMISSION .................................................................................................................. 94 4.19 SPACE TECHNOLOGY ........................................................................................................................................... 98 5.

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES FOR SWISS SMES .................................................................................................100

6.

SUMMARY................................................................................................................................................................102

APPENDIX I: INTERVIEWS WITH THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE COMPANIES AND ORGANIZATIONS FROM THE MACHINE BUILDING, ELECTRIC AND METAL INDUSTRY ................................................................................104 GRAPHS..............................................................................................................................................................................116 PICTURES ...........................................................................................................................................................................118 TABLES ................................................................................................................................................................................119

4


1. Comparison of economical performance: Switzerland - Poland 1.1 Population Poland is a diversified country not only geographically but also in terms of its social structure. As of 2011, the population of Poland was 38.5 million people. Poland’s population is almost five times larger than that of Switzerland. The charts below represent changes in population levels in both Switzerland and Poland over the last 10 years. Graph 1. Population of Switzerland/Poland

Source: own work based on Central Statistical Office data

Poland’s population gradually decreased between 2000 and 2008 and noted a slight increase towards the end of the decade mostly due to the “baby boom”. Despite that fact, the forecasts show a reasonable risk of a demographic breakdown and consequently a decrease in population size over the next decade. Not counting Russia, Poland has the eighth largest population in Europe, and as such represents a large internal market. The population, though, is not distributed evenly geographically. The most populous regions are Mazowsze, Silesia, Wielkopolska and Małopolska. The following map presents population density in Poland.

Machine building, Electric and Metal industry in Poland


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