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FOCUS

DRONES IN CONSTRUCTION

MARCH - MAY 2017

S N A P S H O T O F Q ATA R ’ S M O S T H A P P E N I N G S E C T O R

MANATEQ PROJECTS

FROM THE PUBLISHERS OF

BUILD FASTER; COMMITTED TO QUALITY


From the Desk PUBLISHER & EDITOR IN CHIEF YOUSUF BIN JASSIM AL DARWISH

The pace of Qatar’s construction activities refuses to relent, and it comes as no surprise that the demand for building materials in the country is expected to witness a steady increase. Be it the metro, or work related to the stadiums, the nation seems to be on a mission to make things happen. The script is pretty much the same for Qatar’s GCC neighbours as well with the UAE and Oman embarking on new projects, and the construction market in Saudi Arabia set to break all records by 2025. From the use of drones at construction sites, to Qatar’s persistent efforts towards sustainability, to the latest in post-tensioning techniques, the third issue of Construction Today explores the current trends in the industry. The pride of Qatar, the one and only Khalifa International Stadium continues to receive special attention for the 2022 FIFA World Cup. And Cityscape Qatar, the leading real estate exhibition in the country, concluded its sixth edition with record crowds. We have got featured experts who share their opinions on both topics. Get to know about Qatar’s most happening sector from the country’s most insightful magazine for construction.

MANAGING DIRECTOR & CEO JASSIM BIN YOUSUF AL DARWISH MANAGER DR FAISAL FOUAD EDITORIAL CHIEF EDITOR IZDIHAR IBRAHIM DEPUTY EDITOR AYSWARYA MURTHY CHIEF CORRESPONDENT KARIM EMAM SENIOR CORRESPONDENT UDAYAN NAG CORRESPONDENTS AARTHI MOHAN KEERTANA KODURU ART SENIOR ART DIRECTOR MANSOUR ELSHEIKH DEPUTY ART DIRECTOR HANAN ABU SAIAM ASSISTANT ART DIRECTOR AYUSH INDRAJITH SENIOR GRAPHIC DESIGNER MAHESHWAR REDDY PHOTOGRAPHER ROB F ALTAMIRANO MARKETING & SALES MANAGER SAKALA A DEBRASS TEAM SONY VELLATT DENZITA SEQUIERA IYAD FAKHOURY MATHEWS CHERIAN NISHAD N P EVENTS OFFICER GHAZALA MOHAMMED ACCOUNTANT PRATAP CHANDRAN DISTRIBUTION DEPARTMENT ESLAM ELMAHALAWY BIKRAM SHRESTHA ARJUN TIMILSINA BHIMAL RAI BASANTA POKHREL PRADEEP BHUSAL

PUBLISHED BY ORYX PUBLISHING & ADVERTISING CO WLL P.O. Box 3272; Doha-Qatar Tel: (+974) 44550983, 44671173, 44667584 Fax: (+974) 44550982 Email: info@oryxpublishing.com website: www.oryxpublishing.com Copyright © 2017 Oryx Publishing & Advertising Co WLL


Building trust

Truth Real Estate’s reputation in the market with regards to credibility, trust and transparency of information has helped them keep their clients’ faith even in a strained economy.

Flowing through the motions

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Taking the aerial route

How advanced are Qatar and the other GCC countries in the use of drones in construction activities?

Global edutainment centre KidZania is planning new concepts for its operations in Qatar, slated to start in the first quarter of 2018.

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Forming the works

Lukasz Slawinski from RMD Kwikform talks about the Rapidshor falsework system, which played a major role in Qatar’s East West Corridor project.

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Touch-up for Khalifa International Stadium

Monesh Aidasani from Jotun Powder Coatings talks about the restoration work on Qatar’s timeless stadium.

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Construction waste management

The agreement signed by QPMC and TRL last year is expected to produce 30,000 tonnes of recycled aggregate in 3-5 years time.

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ISSUE 3 | MARCH-MAY 2017

CONTENTS

19 Fabrication with excellence

The Riyal Estate

Ahmed Abdelaal, General Manager of BSI, explores the concept of specialised pre-engineered metal buildings.

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Cityscape Qatar witnesses record attendees 33

Q&A with Al Emadi Engineering’s CEO

Ahmed Amin R Ghaleb talks about the company’s areas of strengths and its goals for the future.

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Stretched to the limit Khaled M Abdel Mawla from DSI MIDDLE EAST analyses the importance of post-tensioning systems in construction activities.

Looking beyond 2022 Iman Eissa, Conference Director of Cityscape, gives her views on what Qatar’s real estate plans should be.

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Cityscape Qatar 2017 wrapped up its sixth edition under the patronage of His Excellency, Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani, Prime Minister and Minister of Interior for the State of Qatar, at the Doha Exhibition and Convention Center, with over 8000 attendees confirmed within the first two days of the exhibition.


Site Visit

News Update

ACTS awarded Al Wakrah Stadium contract

Qatar to have 1,000 harbour berths The Al Ruwais, Al Khor, Al Zakhira and Al Wakra harbours in Qatar will witness the construction of 1,000 berths for private ships and boats in view of the growing demand in the country, said a report in February. Advanced Construction Technology Services (ACTS) will conduct construction materials testing, apart from carrying out geotechnical and geophysical works, on five of the venues that will be used for the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar, including the Al Wakrah Stadium. The stadium has a capacity to hold 40,000 spectators and will host the quarter-final matches of the World Cup. “These contracts deal with some of the region’s highest profile infrastructure projects,” said Khaled Awad, chairman of ACTS and vice-president of the American Concrete Institute. “The selection of ACTS for the stadiums highlights our steadfast commitment to quality improvement. Carrying the works to completion highlights our capability, and proves once again that ACTS is a reliable partner when it comes to investigations and studies (that ensure) quality control in construction.” ACTS claimed that it had also been enlisted to perform works on four other underconstruction World Cup stadiums in Qatar, although it did not disclose details of the facilities. 8 CONSTRUCTION TODAY

“Berthing locations were decided to be at four harbours which are state owned, operated

“Demand for building materials to rise in Qatar” Owing to a strong project pipeline and robust growth, the demand for building materials in Qatar’s construction sector will continue to surge in the run up to the 2022 FIFA World Cup, according to BMI Research’s report. “The government policy will serve to help mitigate bottlenecks with regard to matching growing demand with an adequate supply of building materials,” the report said. “We expect that prudent government policy under the auspices of state-owned Qatar Primary Materials Company (QPMC) will help to facilitate building material supplies to the private sector, allowing the government to successfully implement its ambitious infrastructure build out.” BMI also said that Qatar’s investment programme will spur well-diversified growth spanning the country’s infrastructure spectrum, with transport and commercial construction projects in particular set to be major beneficiaries. The country’s construction boom will in turn buoy demand for primary construction materials. “Given the hard deadline of the 2022 FIFA World Cup, delays to major projects stemming from the unavailability of building materials will prove untenable, making the smooth functioning of Qatar’s construction market a top government priority,” the Fitch Group company added.


Highlights under the Ministry of Municipality and Environment (MME), and are increasingly visited by many ship owners,” Nasser Qadar, director of Maritime Transport Licensing and Planning Department at the Ministry of Transport and Communications (MoTC), said. Qadar added that the project has been approved and its implementation commissioned by MoTC to Mwani Qatar (Qatar Ports Management Company), an entity with relevant experience in berthing and harbour development in accordance with internationally-recognised safety and quality standards. Mwani Qatar prepared the integrated planning and technical studies, under the supervision of MoTC, and engineering designs and drawings were approved for nearly 1,000 berths at the four harbours. Nabil Alkhaldi, engineering director at Mwani Qatar, said that the project, which was a reflection of the public-private sector partnership policy adopted by MoTC, would be awarded in less than a year-and-a-half.

“Backed by a pool of experienced engineers, LTEAFZE has the competency to provide preventive and corrective maintenance services to maximise the performance and uptime of its automation systems and control equipment.”

Gettco Construction, a subsidiary of Al Sawari Holding, has been awarded the Al Seeliya Tower project. The announcement was made by Sheikh Turki Bin Faisal Al Thani, chairman of Al Sawari Holding Co., in February.

The 33 story and 4,0000 square metres tower once complete will encompass 180 luxury apartment rooms. The tower is scheduled for completion at the end of this year. Hesham Ibrahim, Acting General

L&T awarded major Doha Metro contract

SC Bhargava Senior Vice-President and Head E&A Business

Gettco Construction embarks on Al Seeliya Tower project

“We are pleased to sign this agreement with Gettco Construction, which I am confident will deliver this project to meet the highest standards of quality,” said Sheikh Turki.

Site Visit

Manager of Gettco Construction, said that the company was extremely honoured to be awarded the Al Seeliya Tower project. “We believe that our proven track record, and Gettco Construction’s team being involved in the successful completion of several prestigious projects, was an essential factor for our nomination. Gettco Construction is committed to exceed Al Sawari Hotels and Resorts’ expectations.”

Larsen & Toubro (L&T), India’s leading engineering and construction firm, said that its automation unit had won an order worth QR278 million from Qatar Rail Company for Phase One of Doha Metro. The contract was awarded to L&T Electrical & Automation FZE (LTEAFZE), the competency centre for its electrical and automation business, in Jebel Ali, Dubai, UAE. The points in the contract included supply, installation, testing, integration, commissioning and five years’ maintenance of a network-wide building automation and control systems (BACS) for 37 stations. “LTEAFZE’s core strengths for project management, domain knowledge and application engineering will enable us to offer distinctly superior and proven system integration solutions by leveraging L&T’s capabilities built over four decades,” said SC Bhargava, Senior Vice-President and Head of E&A Business. “Backed by a pool of experienced engineers, LTEAFZE has the competency to provide preventive and corrective maintenance services to maximise the performance and uptime of its automation systems and control equipment,” he added. CONSTRUCTION TODAY

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Around the World

News Update

Saudi construction market to double by 2025

Resortz:

Dubai’s $82 million residential project Saudi Arabia’s construction market is set to more than double, reaching a record high of SAR362 billion in 2025, from SAR170 billion in 2016, according to a recent report by BMI Research. Advanced construction technology, such as open-source 4D Building Information Models (BIM), can help the Kingdom’s architects, engineers and contractors enhance collaboration, productivity and costs. One of the leading Saudi BIM projects is the Abdullah Arif Intersection Bridge in the Holy Makkah Municipality. Contractors used Trimble’s Tekla Structures to design its 340-metre span, with a superstructure arch that can be dismantled and re-erected for a planned third lane. Additional innovative Saudi projects include the Dora Dora Food Processing Plant, the Ma’aden Mine and Refinery Project, Qassim University’s Sports Facilities Building, the Riyadh Metro Depots, Samba HQ, and the Titanium Sponge Plant in Yanbu. 10 CONSTRUCTION TODAY

Construction begins on My City Centre Sur Oman Majid Al Futtaim Properties has started work on its newest community mall, My City Centre Sur, following the appointment of Oman Shapoorji Company LLC (OSCO) & Shapoorji Pallonji Mideast LLC (SPML) as the project’s main contractor.


Around the World

Radars for expediting road construction Danube Properties announced the launch of a new realty project in Dubai’s Arjaan neighbourhood in March. ‘Resortz’, the $82 million venture, covers an area of more than four acres and offers investors 419 apartments. The property includes a swimming pool, landscaped areas, and a central dome modelled after the Duomo in Florence. “This is our eighth realty project and I am extremely happy to see how far we have come in such a short span,” said Rizwan Sajan, founder and chairman of the Danube Group.

For increasing the efficiency of construction of roads in India, radar and remote sensing are being used by the government for mapping underground infrastructure like telephone lines. The move is aimed at preventing time and cost overruns caused by manual mapping errors. Many of the manual groundwork studies, or detailed project reports (DPRs), required for constructing roads are rejected for missing infrastructure details such as electricity, phone and sewage lines.

“Through our new project, we wanted to offer a vibrant lifestyle to potential customers by recreating a resort and giving residents a feeling of relaxation and comfort,” he added.

“There have been instances when utility pipelines beneath the earth were missed, leading to huge cost and time overruns,” said Sanjay Mitra, secretary in the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. He further said: “Technologies such as LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) also takes away the discretion when deciding the alignment of a road.”

The residential units have been designed to emulate a ‘resort lifestyle’, with facilities such as squash courts, jogging tracks, a barbeque deck, and a health club.

Meanwhile, a senior government official requesting anonymity, said: “The move is also inspired by the fact that over 30% of DPRs prepared in the ministry were rejected due to human error as during surveys they missed important infrastructure.”

Located in one of Oman’s growing coastal cities in the eastern province, My City Centre Sur is set to become a key destination for both residents and the increasing number of tourists visiting nearby attractions. Aimed at being completed by 2018, My City Centre Sur – an OMR 15.2 million investment – will offer 16,500 square metres of gross leasable area with a tailored mix of practical and lifestyle-oriented stores and services, making it an ideal location for the community to shop and socialise. The shopping centre will feature a 6,800sqm Carrefour Hypermarket as well as 50 select stores including food and beverage outlets. “The appointment of the contractor of My City Centre Sur means that we are several key steps closer to creating great moments every day, and for everyone, in that community.” said Ghaith Shocair, CEO – Shopping Malls, Majid Al Futtaim Properties.

Massive surge in US construction jobs The US witnessed an increase of 58,000 jobs in the construction sector in February, according to an analysis by the Associated General Contractors of America. The number recorded was the highest since November 2008.

Construction employment totalled 6,881,000 in February, an increase of 219,000 from a year ago; residential construction added 18,900 jobs and non-residential employment increased by 38,500. “These numbers match what many contractors have been telling the association: that demand remains strong for a variety of construction projects and that firms are still hiring, when they can find qualified workers,” said Ken Simonson, the association’s chief economist. “The increase from January to February was the largest one-month gain since 2007, which probably reflected the exceptionally mild weather conditions in much of the nation in February.” CONSTRUCTION TODAY

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Feature Story

By Udayan Nag

Matrice 600 drone

TAKING THE AERIAL ROUTE

Construction Today delves into the challenges faced by drone pilots in the GCC and the various types of unmanned aerial vehicles used for some of the major projects in the region.

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Feature Story

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n February this year, the Qatar Civil Aviation Authority (QCAA) warned drone operators not to use unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) without prior authorisation. This follows QCAA’s ruling in May last year, which banned the unauthorised use of “automated or remotely piloted air vehicles” in the country. Elsewhere, according to new laws which came into effect from August 2016, the Federal Aviation Administration in the US has made it easier for pilots operating drones to obtain a licence. However, certain restrictions still apply, which includes setting the limit (weight) of UAVs to less than 25 kg.

which can take a long time. We lost out on a project for the Qatar National Sports Day as we did not even apply for it since it would require at least two weeks for the application to come through. We did not have that much time. One has to get an approval separately for each project. The application which needs to be filled up requires details like location, flying time, etc.” However, Fawzy respects the safety and security issues regarding UAVs, which have led to the strict regulations in the country. “Drones can be counterproductive if used incorrectly. The rules should take into account the competence of the drone pilot. You have to have rules in place to punish the guilty just like you would for somebody driving a car.”

With so many projects in the pipeline, how important is it to get things right with regard to the use of drones at construction sites? According to Ahmed Fawzy, General Manager, Pro Hobbies – the only distributors of drones in Qatar – QCAA is working hard to implement new laws which will make it possible to fly drones in the country in a safe manner. The rules will come through soon, but until then life will be tough. Fawzy also says that he can fly drones in Dubai since he has a licence for it, obtained from Qatar’s Ministry of Economy and Trade, and that he just has to give the concerned authorities a week’s notice. “In Qatar there is no licencing or registration process, so there are no number plates attached to the drones. As of now, drones come under the category of toys and it’s difficult to get approval to fly them commercially in Qatar. For flying drones as a hobby, you can get a permit from the Qatar R/C Sport Center. You will need to attend a training course if you fail the test.” “We are the only authorised importers and distributors of drones in Qatar,” says Fawzy, who supplies DJI drones to his clients. “But for the last one year it has become very difficult to import drones to Qatar. However, the predicament regarding UAVs is not limited to Qatar, it exists throughout the world.” “One needs to get approvals from the Ministry of Interior and the Civil Aviation Authority,

“In Qatar there is no licencing or registration process, so there is no number plate attached to the drones. As of now, drones come under the category of toys and it’s diffucult to get approval to fly them commercially in Qatar.” Ahmed Fawzy General Manager Pro Hobbies

Fawzy points out that with advanced technology, drones can be built these days without too many complications. “There is no need to import anything from outside. You only need to get hold of a motor and a body and build your own drone and fix your own camera on it. There are already a lot of drones inside Qatar.” He also says that DJI now has a new system which has a ‘dangerous area’ setting and that the drone won’t start once it enters the forbidden areas, e.g., airports and VIP areas. He adds: “If you fly your drone in some other CONSTRUCTION TODAY

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Feature Story is a partner of the Delair-Tech group, a drone company headquartered in Toulouse, France. FEDS is responsible for providing drones and service solutions for various projects in the Middle East.

vicinity and it accidentally nears the danger area, it will never enter it, even if you remove the GPS. And these drones are already available in the market. It has been more than two years since this feature has been included in UAVs around the world. Without it, one can’t obtain a licence to operate or sell drones.” Fawzy further says that in the UAE there is now a new mobile application which shows the country’s fly zone and that all the required information can be accessed by using its GPS, which indicates the no-fly zones and also provides all the rules for a particular place, e.g., the maximum distance that a drone is allowed to cover. Information is also available about the kinds of drones that are allowed. “The new technology these days also prevents the drones from crashing,” says Fawzy. “In another interesting development, the Dubai government recently released a video which showed how drones could be used to carry passengers from one place to another. So in the future we might be using drones instead of cars to go to office.” As far as the types of drones supplied by Pro Hobbies are concerned, Fawzy says: “We have supplied drones for the Lusail and Jehez projects. We have also supplied drones to Ashghal. We supplied Phantom 3 drones for the Lusail project. The S900 and S1000 are some of our biggest drones and they have the capability to carry a Canon 5D camera. All cameras including Red, Canon, Panasonic and Sony are used for the DJI drones.” Fawzy adds that Pro Hobbies finished its work related to the Lusail and Jahez projects more than a year ago when the new rules had not been implemented, and that he had operated the drones himself on those occasions. However, drones are only being used for falcon training right now because of the new laws. What is making things worse is that drone technology is also getting more and more advanced so one has to be constantly ready for new updates, and the fact that he is unable to import anything with a camera is not helping matters. Based in Dubai, Falcon Eye Drones (FEDS) 14 CONSTRUCTION TODAY

FEDS CEO Rabih Bou Rached also holds the view that the major challenges faced by drone operators in the GCC are related to the regulations, and that in some of the states UAVs are completely banned while in others getting the approval to fly drones is a “long and complicated process”.

“Having mostly dry weather is an advantage in the region though the heat of summer can prove punishing on some systems. However, FEDS’s industrial drones can operate all-year round.” Rabih Bou Rached CEO Falcon Eye Drones

According to him: “Having mostly dry weather is an advantage in the region though the heat of summer can prove punishing on some systems. However, FEDS’s industrial drones can operate all-year round. There is more that can be done in this region, but the high government fee is slowing down the progress of drones at construction sites.” FEDS was hired by Dubai Creative Clusters Authority (DCCA) to do a digital 3D model of Studio City, which Bou Rached says was a straightforward job as the area was flat and there were no high-rises in the surroundings. He added that good weather that day helped

DT-18 drone


Feature Story in attaining better textured data.

3DR, with whom Autodesk has a tie-up, to develop a new UAV-to-cloud solution for field professionals within the construction, telecom, survey, mapping, energy and infrastructure industries.

“We used the Aibotix X6 hexacopter, which has autopilot software, for data acquisition. Bentley’s Context Capture, a photogrammetric software, was used for processing the data,” says Bou Rached. “The area covered was about 14 hectares, pre-flight planning was done in the office in advance, and on the assigned day it took a couple of hours to fly and complete the data collection. Post-processing took three days. Our achievement was delivering a 1 cm GSD (ground sampling distance) 3D model.”

“The advantages of the Forge platform are its application programme interfaces (APIs) and software development kits (SDKs) for developers to quickly create the data, apps, experiences, and services that power the future of making things.” Autodesk came up with its ‘reality capture’ software a few years back, which according to Dahmash gives teams a new perspective to view every detail of a site in its current state and from a remote location. “Professionals can plan workflows and develop safety and site logistics procedures that identify hightraffic areas, crane clearances, and areas where materials will be moved in and out.”

FEDS has claimed to be the “first business in the MEA to provide aerial imagery, aerial inspection and aerial survey services with the latest commercial drones’ data automation and imaging software”. It also provides its clients with orthomosaics, digital surface models (DSM) and digital elevation models (DEM). “Our ortho maps made it possible for one of our clients to identify key features which would have been impossible to achieve from the ground,” says Bou Rached. “The project was to map a historical underground water supply which stretched over three kilometres in the desert. The map we produced made it possible to identify the flaw; the area had been dry for years. Also, the identification of all the wells that were dug all those years ago was only made possible by DSM. With this knowledge our client can rebuild this historical structure while maintaining the original design.” FEDS has also been involved in carrying out surveys during the pre-construction phase for Dubai’s Road and Transport Authority and the Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council. Louay Dahmash, Head of Autodesk, Middle East, feels that drones are moving to the forefront of construction projects in Qatar and the rest of the region, which are turning to UAVs for assistance across a full spectrum of tasks, both in planning as well as on-site. Autodesk is a leading software maker which supplies its products for a wide range of activities including construction. Its Forge platform is used by drone-making company

“The advantages of the Forge platform are its application programme interfaces (APIs), and software development kits (SDKs) for developers to quickly create the data, apps, experiences, and services that power the future of making things.” Louay Dahmash Head of Autodesk Middle East

Dahmash also says that the applications for drones will be included in several areas by regional construction professionals including troubleshooting of their designs as they go along; smoothing out errors and imperfections and planning ahead; and building structures without any need for human supervision. This level of automation will bring increased accuracy, apart from material and energy efficiency. “In the Middle East, especially in Qatar, commercial drones have already been deployed as surveying tools by real estate firms and have proven useful in asset evaluation operations,” says Dahmash, who also acknowledges the fact that adding the implementation of drones to construction is still a relatively new concept. “With the right computing tools, builders can turn sensor data into 3D structural models, topographical maps, and volumetric measurements – which are useful for monitoring stockpiles of costly resources like sand and gravel. Collectively, that intelligence allows construction companies to deploy resources around a job site more efficiently, minimise potential hazards, trim costs, and limit delays.” CONSTRUCTION TODAY

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Industrial Industrial facilities are considered BSI’s forte.

Fabrication with excellence

Ahmed Abdelaal, General Manager of Building System Integration (BSI), explores the concept of specialised pre-engineered metal buildings (PEBs), of which BSI are noted suppliers, and elaborates on the industrial side of its applications. 18 CONSTRUCTION TODAY


Industrial

FACT SHEET

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ver the last few decades, the trend of preengineered buildings (PEB) solutions has established itself as a strong competitor to conventional and typical structural steel solutions in the construction market globally. PEBs provide an economical approach that is more convenient and results in a shorter schedule for installation due to the quicker delivery of fabricated materials. These advantages have been well recognised by businesses across various sectors and consequently PEBs have witnessed an expansion of usage beyond typical warehouses. For instance, more than 70% of all single-storey non-residential construction in the USA utilises PEBs.

Similarly, BSI has developed and fabricated different types of facilities utilising PEB solutions across a wide range of industries.

By the end of 2016, BSI was able to complete nearly 80 buildings across the New Industrial Area, which serve various light industrial functions. Notably during the same period they also completed the fabrication and installation of a nearly 15,000-square metre desalination project at Ras Abu Fontas with their affiliated client Builders Advanced Engineering.

This includes logistic villages and warehouses, aircraft hangars, business lounges, hypermarkets, labour accommodations, breeding sheds, animal facilities, recreational and sports facilities, car parks, shopping malls, office buildings, industrial and fabrication facilities, schools, poultry farms, petrol stations, port cabins, museums, car showrooms and mini storage facilities. Strategic strength It’s fair to say, considering BSI’s experience and proficiency in the area, that industrial and fabrication facilities are akin to the company’s native language among all other languages. More than 35% of BSI’s production line is dedicated to industrial facilities.

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Industrial By the end of 2016, BSI was able to complete nearly 80 buildings across the New Industrial Area, which serve various light industrial functions. One of their largest complexes in the New Industrial area is the steel factory belonging to Qatar Steel Company that occupies an area of 35,000 square metres. More complexes have been provided in other areas like Um Saieed to service heavy industrial utilities. Some of the highlighted projects are the precast-cut and bend complexes made for producing glass, aluminum and wood for QD-CPC industry, spanning 52,000 square metres. BSI also completed the advanced pipes and cast complex for Builders Advanced Engineering & Construction over an area of 27,000 square metres.

The same company also engaged BSI towards completing the fabrication and installation of a nearly 15,000-square metre desalination project at Ras Abu Fontas.

BSI has developed and fabricated different types of facilities utilising PEBs across a wide range of industries. This includes logistic villages and warehouses, aircraft hangars, business lounges, hypermarkets, labour accommodations, breeding sheds, animal facilities, recreational and sports facilities, car parks, shopping malls, office buildings, industrial and fabrication facilities, schools, poultry farms, petrol stations, port cabins, museums, car showrooms and mini storage facilities.

Support for special developments BSI is always available to support clients towards new developments for industrial and fabrication facilities. They provide the design and fabrication, covering all possible options, when it comes to the selection of different kinds of crane support structures (top-running cranes which may support lifting capacity across a range of 5 tonnes to as high as 180 tonnes, jib cranes, under hung cranes, gantry cranes, etc.) Also these special facilities may require extensive clearance inside the buildings (too many columns may interrupt running operations); so clearances between columns inside the buildings can be designed to extend from 25 metres up to 60 metres between medium and heavy industrial facilities, as per client specifications

For more information, contact BSI Steel, Building System Integration Ltd info@bsi-steel.com www.bsi-steel.com +974 4411 4447

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In Focus

BUILDING TRUST

Truth Real Estate’s reputation in the market with regards to credibility, trust and transparency of information has helped them keep their clients’ faith even in a strained economy.

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n so many ways 2016 was an unprecedented, volatile and, for some, excruciating 12 months. And the real estate sector was not immune to the year’s whims. According to Qatar Central Bank, the real estate price index increased by a mere 4.15% during 2016 (1.25% in real terms) in contrast to the spectacular 23.16% rise during the same period last year. Despite this, Truth Real Estate can be proud of their achievements during the past year, according to the Managing Director, Abdul Samad. “Truth Real Estate is proud to have concluded many deals inside Qatar in 2016. Having acquired close to 100 properties in 2016, the company now owns over 400 properties and represents some of the best landlords in the state,” he says. “We were also honoured by Qatar Today who declared us ‘Dynamic Real Estate Company of 2016’ in the presence of HE Abdulla bin Hamad Al Attiya (the former Deputy Prime Minister of Qatar and head of the Emiri Diwan).” More importantly, Truth Real Estate remains a creative, innovative and peopleoriented organisation providing individual recognition and incentives to all members of the firm. These major milestones were achieved based on solid foundations that incorporate excellent planning and precise feasibility studies for every individual project. Truth Real Estate has proven, state-of-the-art techniques specialising in the marketing, listing and selling of new and resale luxury homes, residential communities and luxury apartments, and providing services tailored-made to match the requirements of their clients. At the heart of all this is Truth’s vision to become a market leader in commercial, retail and residential real estate serving their customers’ needs with integrity and trust. The company’s unique team spirit and team work is apparent through well-trained real estate professionals who

continuously strive to provide quality service for their customers. “Customer satisfaction is our core competence. We achieve this by delivering highly professional, efficient and flexible service to our customers. Trustworthiness and business ethics are our key values for success,” says Samad. In fact, Truth has changed the strategic goal of improving customer satisfaction from a short-term focus on operational efficiency to a longer-term focus on portfolio efficiency.

“Truth Real Estate is proud to have concluded many deals inside Qatar in 2016. Having acquired close to 100 properties in 2016, the company now owns over 400 properties and represents some of the best landlords in the state.” Abdul Samad Managing Director Truth Real Estate

Samad is optimistic that the residential real estate market will continue to grow in the coming year. “Major events and milestones such as Qatar 2030 Vision and the 2022 FIFA World Cup will accelerate growth of the real estate market, keeping it stable for a significant period. The real estate industry is increasingly influenced by rapid technological advancement. Qatar has the world’s fastest-growing economy and growing urbanization, which together are making a wide scope for the local real estate sector, in retail, residential and commercial property,” he says. While Qatar has benefitted from strong growth in retail trade in past years, driven by the increasing population as well as high disposable income, the recent economic slowdown of 2016 has impacted this sector. “Allotting more retail spaces should be considered as there is currently strong demand for retail accommodation from both local and international retailers looking to either enter or expand in the local market. The price fluctuations should also be taken into account so as to offer a riskfree environment for investors, buyers and sellers,” he adds. Whatever the future holds, Samad is certain that Truth Real Estate will work in line with Qatar’s vision and grab all the opportunities for success, for both the company and the country CONSTRUCTION TODAY

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Innovation

By Udayan Nag

Flowing through the motions Qatar Entertainment’s (Tasali W.L.L) governor Ric Fearnett and its project manager Khaled Al Jabari talk about the design and construction aspects of KidZania Doha, which is scheduled to start its operations next year.

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lobal edutainment chain KidZania recently announced that it would be including Qatar on its list of markets, which currently boasts 24 locations in 19 countries. KidZania Doha is set to be launched in the first quarter of 2018 and is aiming at accommodating 1,000 children with approximately 250 employees daily. The establishment in Qatar also expects to welcome over 300,000 visitors every year.

“We received the design from Mexico, where the company is headquartered, and developed it in Doha. Everything from door to corridor sizes are reviewed, using a lot of experience from the architectural team in Mexico. You will see the local culture being engrained in KidZanias across the world.”

According to Qatar Entertainment’s (Tasali W.L.L) governor Ric Fearnett and its project manager Khaled Al Jabari, attention to detail epitomise the design and construction

Khaled Al Jabari Project Manager Qatar Entertainment

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aspects of KidZania Doha, which will be built over an area of 5,500 sqm. “We received the design from Mexico, where the company is headquartered, and developed it in Doha,” says Al Jabari. “Everything from door to corridor sizes are reviewed, using a lot of experience from the architectural team in Mexico. You will see the local culture being engrained in KidZanias across the world.” Fearnett echoes Al Jabari’s views, saying that ever since the first KidZania was started in Mexico 18 years ago, every market is studied thoroughly to finalise its premises. He further adds: “The city is designed to allow


Innovation flow – people moving around unhindered. Same applies to the streets and public areas. While most of the KidZanias have two levels, the one in Doha will be more spread out - the design is more horizontal than vertical.”

Qatar Entertainment’s (Tasali W.L.L) governor Ric Fearnett (right) and their project manager Khaled Al Jabari

One of the highlights of KidZania Doha will be its aircraft, the Boeing 757-500, which will be the longest among all KidZanias in the region. “It’s a REED aircraft; the modifications were made to include six flight simulators, and it’s only in KidZania Doha that the full length of the fuselage is being used,” says Fearnett. Another aspect of the project, as pointed out by Al Jabari, is that it has been aligned with the Qatar National Vision 2030. “Our building is as eco-friendly as we can possibly make it. Aspire has been following the GSAS guidelines as far as the materials, ventilation, etc., are concerned,” says Al Jabari. “We will announce the contractor for the fit-out work very soon as the project is in the final stages of construction.” KidZanias around the world are divided into three parts: the city access/airport area, city centre, industry clusters and the suburbs. From a construction angle, replicating the real materials with artificial ones is another unique characteristic which is common to all KidZania setups. “We will have some special materials, which will be safer and lighter, to replicate the real ones,” says Al Jabari. “Molds are prefabricated before Glass Reinforced Gypsum (GRG), a plaster of Paris composite, is used and then painted to replicate the real materials seamlessly. We will be replicating bricks and marble with shotcrete and glass fibre reinforced concrete (GRC). In some cases, gypsum boards will be used with a special paint which will give the look and feel of wood. WPC (wood, plastic composite) will be used instead of wood in some areas, while in some of the other areas we will be using flooring which looks like wood but has much harder wearing, e.g., ceramic tiles.” Al Jabari also mentions that, depending on the elevation, real materials will be used in the areas which are within the reach of children, and other materials will be used in areas which are out of reach of children.

“It’s a REED aircraft; the modifications were made to include six flight simulators, and it’s only in KidZania Doha that the full length of the fuselage is being used.” Ric Fearnett Governor Qatar Entertainment (Tasali WLL)

Fearnett shares the same views as his colleague. “We want the children to touch and feel realism, so everything in KidZania is as real as we can make it. To make it safe for the children we have to make sure that there are no sharp corners, but we will not pad everything up. Cost control and maintenance are the reasons for replication, e.g., using a more expensive material as a substitute for wood, which looks great, lasts longer and does not cause splintering.” And lastly, Fearnett says that the other challenges from a construction and design perspective came from building a city twothirds the size of a real city and were related to MEP works, prefabricated machines and seating arrangements. There will be 42 brands authenticating their presence in KidZania Doha, including Qatar National Bank, Ministry of Economy and Commerce, Rayyan Water, Qatar Red Crescent, Qatar Airways, Jotun, Abdul Samad Al Qurashi and Almotahijiba. The concept will provide an educational and entertainment experience and will enable children to role-play in a replication of the real-life working environment with a vast variety of professions to trial. Tasali, a joint venture of Aspire Zone Foundation (49%) and Sharaka Holdings (51%), holds the licence for KidZania Doha, a project that’s estimated to cost QR300 million CONSTRUCTION TODAY

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Product Talk

By Monesh Aidasani

Regional Specifications Manager, Jotun Powder Coatings, Middle East, India & Africa

Timeless protection for a timeless stadium Since being chosen to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup, Qatar has gone all out in its efforts to accommodate a minimum of 40,000 seats in the Khalifa International Stadium, in accordance with FIFA’s requirements.

24 CONSTRUCTION TODAY


Product Talk

W

ith regard to the comprehensive renovation work of the stadium, Jotun Durasol’s coating was used for the aluminium extrusions of the stadium. The product was selected for its outstanding weather resistance qualities. Several colours of the paint were used to match the exact original shade. Jotun’s products are specifically suited to the local conditions, and the company also provided its services for the iconic Burj Khalifa in the UAE. Their powder coatings have been designed to meet the latest industry standards, and have been developed with sustainability in mind. The stadium’s curtain wall, the outer covering of the building which is a nonstructural component but is essential to safeguard the building from the environment, has been renovated using aluminium extrusions to further strengthen the core structure of the project. The main purpose of a curtain wall is to resist air and water infiltration, with the sway induced by wind and seismic forces acting on the building. In the case of the Khalifa International Stadium, the curtain wall is made up of aluminium extrusions which allow the filtration of natural light, stop air and moisture from entering the structure, and also prevent the spread of fire. In order to protect the curtain wall from the harsh climatic conditions, the ultrapremium Jotun Durasol was used to coat these aluminium extrusions. Designed to offer superior durability and timeless protection, the product has been specifically designed to withstand and combat extremely high temperatures, strong UV radiation, high humidity, pollution, dirt and other environmental challenges. Not only does the product have weather performance in line with AAMA 2605, but it is also certified according to Qualicoat Class 3. The severe weather conditions of this region, which is often prone to high levels

of solar radiation and humidity, present a constant challenge for architects and developers. The salinity of the air and soil make the construction and maintenance of the infrastructure very difficult and quite costly. Keeping this in mind and to ensure that the stadium’s infrastructural integrity is maintained, Jotun Durasol was specified for the project.

“One of the challenges faced during the coating process was colour matching. We had to match the Jotun Durasol to the existing colour of the stadium. However, with 35 different shades in our range, we were easily able to match the colour tones used in the stadium.” Monesh Aidasani Regional Specifications Manager, Jotun Powder Coatings, Middle East, India & Africa

By guaranteeing the highest attainable level of weathering resistance, in combination with easy single-coat application and VOC-free content, Jotun Durasol offers an economical and sustainable alternative to PVDF liquid systems. The renovation of the Khalifa International Stadium has also been primarily focused on creating more sustainable standards. Strict guidelines and applications were applied to ensure that the redeveloped facility would be able to meet stringent sustainability targets. Due to these efforts, the Khalifa International Stadium was awarded the provisional four-star rating in the Global Sustainability Assessment System (GSAS), administered by the Gulf Organization for Research & Development (GORD). This is the first time that GORD has issued a certificate for a renovated project. One of the challenges faced during the coating process was colour matching. We had to match the Jotun Durasol to the existing colour of the stadium. However, with 35 different shades in our range, we were easily able to match the colour tones used in the stadium. At Jotun Powder Coatings, we are committed to create value through superior durability, enhanced appearance and sustainability of our products. Hence, our Jotun Durasol range is also backed by a comprehensive 30-year product warranty when used on aluminium substrates. The Khalifa International Stadium marks another extremely important milestone for us at Jotun and we are delighted to be part of a project of this magnitude CONSTRUCTION TODAY

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In Focus

By Udayan Nag

Interchange 9, Zone 3, East Corridor.

FORMING THE WORKS:

FROM EAST TO WEST

Construction Today talks to RMD Kwikform’s engineering manager Lukasz Slawinski about the Rapidshor falsework system, which played a major role in Qatar’s East West Corridor project.

O

ne of Qatar’s most highprofile projects in its Expressway programme, the East West Corridor project is expected to be fully functional by the third quarter of this year. Its major highlight will be a new dual carriageway which will stretch for 22 km. The project will feature five lanes in each direction, from west of Barwa City to Al Matar Street, located at the south of the Air

26 CONSTRUCTION TODAY

“Due to the flexibility of our Superslim Soldier system we were able to eliminate the need for bespoke fabricated items and this enabled the client to minimise their costs.”

Force Roundabout. It also includes eight interchanges with grade separations that will provide new access to key roads and residential areas – Al Matar Street, Najma Street Extension, Barwa Access Road, F-Ring Road, the Orbital Highway and Al Wakra Bypass. RMD Kwikform provided the formwork and falsework for the project, and the company’s senior engineer Lukasz Slawinski points out


In Focus

RMD Kwikform has been completed and part of the highway is already open to the public.

the major challenges that came up during the construction of its east section. “The East Corridor has one of the tallest bridges in the Middle East which is 33 metres high,” says Slawinski. “With varying ground and bridge soffit levels our Rapidshor falsework system, along with our Superslim and GTX formwork were the ideal products for this.”

Even though the East West Corridor initiative is one of the most-talked about projects among the country’s Expressway programmes, the litmus test for RMD Kwikform came when they tied up with the Saudi Binladin Group for the construction of the Bani Hajer interchange, along Dukhan Road. The interchange starts from Sloping Roundabout in Education City and ends a couple of kilometres before Mall of Qatar.

Slawinski adds that the high wind loads created huge overturning moments and the fully braced Rapidshor system eliminated the need for fixing scaffold tube and fittings, providing significant time-saving benefits to the contractor.

“We have been on this job for the last four years, doing a large amount of work on the underpasses. The Link 2 Bridge started last year and is incredibly complicated with the bottom part of it being skewed and the diaphragm walls changing in shape. We adopted separate analogies as each area of the bridge was different,” says Slawinski.

“Due to the flexibility of our Superslim Soldier system we were able to eliminate the need for bespoke fabricated items and this enabled the client to minimise their costs.” According to Slawinski, more than 20,000 tonnes of equipment were delivered to the site. He further says: “We had to closely coordinate all the deliveries and collection of equipment with the contractor. Using the Rapidshor high-grade steel falsework enabled the contractor to achieve bigger grids, significantly reducing the number of components that had to be erected, saving the contractor both erection time and labour costs.” “The erection and dismantling of the decking formwork in a safe and efficient manner was a must for the contractor. Our design enabled them to construct everything on the ground and then lift it on top of the falsework.” “The dismantling was done by utilising lowering devices with mechanical winches, to which we suspended the decking formwork, enabling the contractor to first remove all the falsework from underneath. The decking formwork was then lowered onto a lorry and transported to another location.” Work on the East West Corridor involving

“The erection and dismantling of the decking formwork in a safe and efficient manner was a must for the contractor. Our design enabled them to construct everything on the ground and then lift on top of the falsework.” Lukasz Slawinski Engineering Manager RMD Kwikform

“A tremendous amount of time and engineering expertise was put into this. The bridge has a support-to-support span of 78 metres and has a large incline which has varying depths in the vertical as well as horizontal directions. Areas of this bridge have solid concrete which is 3.6 metres deep.” RMD Kwikform’s Alshor Plus falsework system is another product that has been extensively used by contractors in Qatar – from the East West Corridor Project to the Metro Station tunnels in Lusail. “It’s a lighter aluminium frame system capable of leg loads of up to 120kN. There were 34 underpasses on the East Corridor Project where Alshor Plus was used.” And another of RMD Kwikform’s products – the 750kN heavy-duty shoring system Megashor – has also played its part in a growing number of infrastructure projects in Qatar. “The system has been used in heavyduty propping applications as well as truss applications to support live water pipes and electricity cables while excavation beneath is being carried out,” says Slawinski CONSTRUCTION TODAY

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Technology

By Udayan Nag

View of the Doha Metro project for which DSI supplied the removable ground anchors to support excavation.

STRETCHED TO THE LIMIT

Khaled M Abdel Mawla, General Manager, DSI MIDDLE EAST WLL, talks to Construction Today about the importance of posttensioning systems and the company’s landmark projects in Qatar.

28 CONSTRUCTION TODAY


Technology

E

Road (New Orbital Highway) and Education City, the Al Wakra Bypass which consists of 30 bridges, and 17 buildings in Lusail Fox Hills.

stablished in 2005, Qatar Australian Construction Systems (QACS) was DYWIDAG-SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL’s (DSI) exclusive licensee for the distribution and installation of the latter’s post-tensioning and geotechnical systems in Qatar. In February 2016, DYWIDAGSYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL announced the establishment of DSI MIDDLE EAST and took over QACS and acquired 49% of its shares. The remaining 51% shares are still held by the former owners Al Bandary Group.

Mawla acknowledges that DSI’s unique selling point is its post-tensioning services. “Post-tensioning is still new to the Qatar market. The first projects in Qatar to use the technique were City Center and Salam Tower way back in 1998, but after that there was nothing till the Asian Games. It’s only when people started looking for new techniques which allowed projects to be finished early that post-tensioning really started catching up.”

“DYWIDAG was established in 1865 in Germany. It works in 90 countries and has many business units. In addition, the company also has another 30-40 agents in various countries,” says Khaled M Abdel Mawla, General Manager, DSI MIDDLE EAST. “We mainly carry out construction and underground work which includes providing post-tensioning, geotechnical and concrete accessories services. Our office in Qatar is also responsible for our activities in Oman and Bahrain. Apart from supplying materials, we also cater to requirements for design, technology as well as supervision.” Mawla adds that the company has inhouse Grade A designers, and stores and warehouses to take care of its supply in Qatar and other countries. “We do about 14 projects per year. However, in the last five years we have handed over more than 100 projects to our clients, which vary from bridges to high-rise towers. We are currently involved with the Al Bustan complex, which consists of 13 buildings – hotels, apartments, offices, etc. Apart from that we are also working on Al Shahd Tower in West Bay, Al Fazaa Headquarters in Mesaimer, and the International School complex in Umm Salal. DSI also acts as technical advisors in many of the projects, starting from the tender stage.” The other major projects that DSI has been a part of in Qatar include bridges on North

He further says that it was during the construction of the Doha Metro that geotechnical services and products related to it were started taken seriously in Qatar, and that prior to that the lack of infrastructure proved to be a stumbling block. “When you have planned this set-up (Metro), you need to find a solution that will enable you to start with its construction.”

“We do about 14 projects per year. However, in the last five years we have handed over more than 100 projects to our clients, which vary from bridges to highrise towers.” Khaled M Abdel Mawla General Manager DSI MIDDLE EAST WLL

Mawla provides further details of the advantages of post-tensioning and says that the system works very well with bridges and high-rises. “The big span between the columns in bridges can be 60-200 metres wide. One cannot accommodate the required loads with the normal sections of concrete or even steel since they will be very deep to counter the concrete or maintenance risk for steel. Using post-tensioning will reduce the loads by 50% if one uses conventional concrete.” “In high-rise towers, there will be a lot of saving in the concrete weight itself because there will be less thickness and saving of reinforcements by up to 60-70%, so you are only adding 30% of what you should place. The main point of high-rise buildings is that you will be able to move your formwork on the fourth and fifth day of casting, whereas by using the conventional methods you need two weeks after casting to remove your formwork. So, it’s the difference between casting two or five slabs in a month. So, if I CONSTRUCTION TODAY

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Technology So, this is one big advantage of using posttensioning.”

have 50-60 floors, it will take me about two years for the construction of the skeleton. But with post-tensioning, I can finish the work in ten months.” According to Mawla, DSI also specialises in transfer beams, which are responsible for preventing cracks and causing the least amount of deflection. “We have used transfer slabs on many of our projects in Qatar, e.g., hotels and towers. The ground floor carries the weight of more than 20 floors. In the Grand Hyatt and Wyndham Grand Regency hotels there’s a stretch of about 30 metres without any columns, and above it are 4-7 floors. The ceiling is carrying the entire load which is transferred to the columns beneath.

“Post-tensioning is still new to the Qatar market. The first projects in Qatar to use the technique were City Center and Salam Tower way back in 1998, but after that there was nothing till the Asian Games.”

As far as DSI’s geotechnical services are concerned, Mawla makes special mention of micropiling, which is a unique solution to resist lifting forces caused by underground water. “It can work for tunnels; you can use it for rebar to upgrade existing foundations for towers. We have done 10 projects in Qatar using this technique: tooling systems like ground anchors – permanent and semipermanent. Permanent would mean that there will be a guarantee of 100 years as far as the life of the anchor is concerned. Temporary anchors would have a life of two years while permanent anchors would have a life of 100 years. For the Metro we were told that anchors with a life of 7-10 years would be required. So we produced the semipermanent systems especially for the Doha Metro.”

Al Thuraya Tower

“The big span between the columns in bridges can be 60-200 metres wide. Using posttensioning will reduce the loads by 50% if one uses conventional concrete.” 30 CONSTRUCTION TODAY

Despite all the benefits, post-tensioning still has some limitations, which are pointed out by Mawla. “You need to transfer the system to the site. So, if it’s an item which is 25 metres long then things can get complicated. If you want to erect it by crane, then it’s okay up to the second and third floors, but if it’s the 20th floor then it’s difficult. People are hesitant about using post-tensioning to upgrade ongoing and running operations. But, it’s the latest trend in Europe, UAE and even in Qatar. You have clients coming and asking for it. Clients and contractors are really benefitting from this system now.”

He also stresses the importance of movable anchors which are needed to support the shoring with anchors that can be removed after the work is finished. “The main reason for starting our production yard in Qatar is that if we supply something which needs to be replaced, we would have previously had to wait for three months to get it from Germany. Taking into account, future infrastructure plans and further construction work related to the Metro, we don’t leave anything in the soil. The unique thing about geotechnical services is that you make your own design before starting the work, and then based on the conditions you’ll modify it later on.”


By Udayan Nag

Sustainable

WASTE MANAGEMENT:

FROM CONSTRUCTION TO CONSTRUCTIVE The agreement that Qatar Primary Materials Company (QPMC) and Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) entered into last year is expected to produce 30,000 tonnes of recycled aggregate in 3-5 years time, according to Dr Khaled Hassan, Country Director - Qatar, TRL.

CONSTRUCTION TODAY

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Sustainable

Q

atar’s resolve to make the best possible use of its construction waste was given a shot in the arm in October last year thanks to a deal signed between QPMC and TRL. According to the agreement, the two companies will adopt innovative solutions to convert local construction waste into usable aggregate products that can be used for various applications including road construction, building and infrastructure development. According to Dr Khaled Hassan, Country Director - Qatar, TRL, the partnership will convert vast quantities of construction waste, currently dumped in landfills, into quality aggregates to protect the environment and support the government strategy of achieving total sustainable development. “Over the last five years, TRL, along with the relevant authorities in Qatar, has provided local evidence of the innovative use of locally available recycled aggregates in construction. This work was used as the basis for updating Qatar Construction Specifications (QCS 2014) to allow the use of recycled aggregates in various construction applications, and has now even been adopted by the GCC Standardization Organisation (GSO 2489/2015), says Dr. Hassan.” He adds that developing the national and regional standards with procedures for quality production will enhance the implementation of recycled aggregates in practice. The Waste Management & Recycling Summit in Doha last year had stated that Qatar is expected to produce 19,000 tonnes/ day of solid waste by 2032, of which 70% would be made up of construction and demolition (C&D) waste. According to a Qatar Development Bank report, the revenue from recycling C&D debris could raise about QR387 million. Qatar also aims at raising the recycle share from 8% to 38% of solid waste, reducing landfill to 53%, and converting waste to energy.

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FACT SHEET Production is planned to start slowly and build up over the next few years. In the first year of production, we are aiming at recycling approximately

10,000

tonnes/day, and subsequently tripling our production in 3-5 years to

30,000 tonnes/day.

“TRL will work with the authorities to implement these ‘Codes of Practice’ and ensure that the produced recycled aggregates will be in compliance with QCS.”

Elaborating on the recycled aggregate targets set by the QPMC-TRL deal, Dr Khaled says: “Production is planned to start slowly and build up over the next few years. In the first year of production, we are aiming at recycling approximately 10,000 tonnes/day (equating to approximately 2.5 million tonnes per annum), and subsequently tripling our production in 3-5 years to 30,000 tonnes/ day (10 million tonnes per annum).” He further says that recycled aggregates could contribute up to one-third of the country’s requirement for aggregates and will be associated with more reliance on local resources and saving costs. One of the highlights of the QPMC-TRL deal was about applying a new strategy for developing recycled aggregate to ensure quality products with pre-certification prior to use in construction. “TRL has introduced a ‘Codes of Practice’ to relevant authorities in Qatar to ensure categorisation of construction waste – inert, e.g., plastic, paper, wood, cloth, metal, tyres, etc. and hazardous, e.g., asbestos – before processing. This makes it easier to recycle at less cost and improves the quality of end products,” says Dr Hassan. He adds: “TRL will work with the authorities to implement these ‘Codes of Practice’ and ensure that the produced recycled aggregates will be in compliance with QCS. TRL will also work with the contractor producing the recycled aggregates to help them reach the standards required for certification by Qatar Standards, so customers can be confident that they are of the same quality as virgin (imported) aggregates.” Dr Hassan points out that not all of the waste is suitable to be used as aggregates, and that some materials are too weak and turn to dust during the initial processing. “Almost all of the produced recycled aggregates remain suitable for use as subbase (the layer below the asphalt), but only about 10-20% is strong enough to be used in concrete. The requirements for different applications are mentioned in QCS – a number of standard


Sustainable tests are used to determine the suitability of recycled aggregates for different applications. The processing is organised to produce aggregates that are high in strength at the end of the process, with the subbase and other products coming out at an earlier stage.” He feels, however, that if processed properly, Qatar’s construction waste makes for excellent recycled aggregates, which have been used by TRL in several demonstration projects, for example – structural concrete blocks for three small buildings; and as subbase in the access road to the landfill site and recycling plant at Rawdat Rashid. Dr Hassan says that recycled aggregates are already used as unbound subbase in Qatar, but that its use in structural and non-structural concrete applications is less common. Dr Hassan also stresses that the QPMC-TRL tie-up will use the best available technology for carrying out its operations at its new recycling plant in the landfill site at Rawdat Rashid. “The basic process of aggregate production consists of a series of stages of crushing and screening of the raw materials. However, as far as construction waste is concerned, additional processing is required to remove unwanted materials. The crushers and conveyor belts are fitted with powerful magnets to remove metal, particularly reinforcing steel from concrete. Lighter contaminants such as paper, plastic, cloth and wood are removed by hand, and also by washing and blowing air. Washing is the most effective method and modern plants are very efficient in the use of water, which is essential for operations in the desert.” Commencement of the recycling work is expected to start sometime in 2017. “TRL is working with QPMC to identify and appoint a contractor with suitable international experience to run the recycling plant, which will produce high-quality aggregates that will be acceptable and compliant with Qatar Standards.” China recently came out with its first commercially available robotic waste sorting

system because of the large quantities of multiple waste categories and Dr Hassan feels that Qatar could follow suit. However, he has a few reservations as far as its economics is concerned. “Robotic sorting of construction waste would be very helpful in Qatar as the automated machines would not be affected by the heat and humidity in the way that they affect human operatives. It is assumed that robots will separate the solid waste more accurately and effectively, provided they are designed to work in hot, humid and dusty conditions. Having said that, aggregates are low-cost

“The London Olympic Park was an exemplary project that achieved fantastic results by having a clear focus on sustainability from the start, and by building a partnership between all the stakeholders involved in the construction process. But the project was all on one large site. In Qatar, the stadiums are spread across the country. We are expecting that once the QPMC-TRL deal starts to produce high-quality recycled aggregates in adequate quantity, the material will be used widely for the construction of the stadiums.”

“TRL is working with QPMC to identify and appoint a contractor with suitable international experience to run the recycling plant, which will produce highquality aggregates that will be acceptable and compliant with Qatar Standards.” Dr Khaled Hassan Country Director Qatar, TRL

materials and labour available in the GCC is relatively cheap, so the cost of installing a robotic system may not have economic benefits.” And, can Qatar draw inspiration from London’s Olympic Park where 90% of the waste which would have gone to landfill was diverted towards the construction of the stadium? “The London Olympic Park was an exemplary project that achieved fantastic results by having a clear focus on sustainability from the start, and by building a partnership between all the stakeholders involved in the construction process. But the project was all on one large site. In Qatar, the stadiums are spread across the country. We are expecting that once the QPMC-TRL deal starts to produce high-quality recycled aggregates in adequate quantity, the material will be used widely for the construction of the stadiums,” says Dr Hassan CONSTRUCTION TODAY

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Project Updates Doha Metro

Bulk of Metro work to be completed by year-end Qatar Rail aims at completing 70% of the Doha Metro project by the end of 2017, according to a report in January. The report further adds that the launch of the track installation phase of the Metro and delivery of the first four of its 75 driverless trains in the city are also set to be carried out. Qatar Rail and Ooredoo also signed an agreement in March that will see the latter implement its next-generation In-Building Solution across the Qatar Rail Red Line Metro network.

Qatari, Turkish JV gets Thumama Stadium contract Qatari construction firm AlJaber Engineer and Turkey’s Tekfen Construction were awarded the contract for the Al Thumama Stadium. The stadium will be used for the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar and has a capacity to accommodate 40,000 people. The stadium is scheduled for completion in 2020 and will host matches up to the quarter-final stage of the quadrennial event. Its design will be unveiled later this year.

Al Rayyan Road overhaul: Beware of narrowed lanes In an announcement made by Ashghal in January, an 800-metre stretch of the street near Al Rayyan Roundabout (RA) will see three lanes in each direction narrowed for the remainder of the year. The latest move has been implemented to facilitate the construction of a new flyover as part of an Al Rayyan Road overhaul. Once completed, the flyover will connect the Doha Expressway with Al Rayyan Road.

Construction of Gabbro terminal completed Belgian construction company Six Construct announced the completion of the expansion project for the Gabbro terminal in Mesaieed in February, which has resulted in doubling the capacity of the terminal by replacing the current operation system with a state-of-the-art conveyor system.

Al Bayt Stadium installs first modular seating As the construction activity picks up at the Al Bayt Stadium in Al Khor, the first modular seating elements are set to be installed, said the stadium’s project director Dr Nasser Al Hajeri. According to the a statement issued in February, the modular construction means that almost half of the stadium’s seating can be removed and given to football development projects around the world. The venue has been tipped to host one of the semi-final matches of the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar. 34 CONSTRUCTION TODAY


CONSTRUCTION TODAY

The Riyal Estate Cityscape Qatar witnesses record attendees

Cityscape Qatar 2017 wrapped up its sixth edition under the patronage of His Excellency, Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani, Prime Minister and Minister of Interior for the State of Qatar, at the Doha Exhibition and Convention Center, with over 8,000 attendees confirmed within the first two days of the exhibition. Held from March 13-15, the show featured over 85 of the world’s leading real estate companies from 25 countries, including Qatar, UK, Turkey, Pakistan, UAE, Italy and Azerbaijan. The event witnessed landmark deals and a number of new projects were unveiled. Real estate company Retaj featured major investment and marketing projects at the exhibition, including Retaj Energy Building in Lusail. Ibhar, another real estate company from Qatar, launched several international investment projects with a guaranteed return on investment at the threeday event. Speaking on behalf of Cityscape, Ahmed Zakaria, Exhibition Director, said: “Our aim is to deliver a high quality show across both the content of our conference as well as the high caliber of our partners and exhibitors, and to ensure we always offer an exhibition that is well attended. This year I am very happy to confirm that we have delivered once again.” CONSTRUCTION TODAY

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The Riyal Estate

QInvest targets US real estate market Continuing with the trend of Qatari companies exploring opportunities in the United States, the nation’s leading investment bank QInvest announced the acquisition of a plot of land on South Boulevard in Charlotte, North Carolina, in March.

T

he property, expected to be completed in August 2018, will be developed into an upscale 200-unit, multifamily apartment complex covering 165,000 square feet.

“We are excited to be investing in this project. The city of Charlotte has excellent investment fundamentals and we expect this development to yield highly attractive riskadjusted returns,” said Tamim Hamad Al Kawari, CEO of QInvest. “This investment also represents an important milestone for QInvest as we look to expand our presence in the multifamily real estate market.”

36 CONSTRUCTION TODAY

PM tries to speed up The PearlQatar project The new initiatives announced by Prime Minister and Interior Minister HE Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani during a meeting with United Development Company (UDC) Chairman Turki bin Mohammed Al Khater in February have been well received by the latter. “The strategic decisions that have been made by the government to exempt The PearlQatar from the procedures of issuing licences will inevitably support bringing development works at The Pearl up to speed,” said Al Khater. UDC CEO & president Ibrahim Jassim Al Othman also praised the Qatari government’s role in issuing construction, electricity and civil defence permits for real estate developers. He said that the move indicates the great importance attached by the government to the pivotal role of the private sector in economic growth and sustainable development.


News Updates

Dubai continues to attract Qatari investors Investors from Qatar and other GCC countries will continue to put their faith in the Dubai real estate market in 2017, say developers in the emirate. The Dubai Land Department has reported that, outside the UAE, the biggest volume of investment from the GCC countries in Dubai real estate came from Saudi Arabia last year, with 3,294 investors making transactions worth AED 8 billion.

Short Bytes

Weak pound, rising oil prices lure ME buyers to cash in on UK properties

The Riyal Estate

US to continue probing money laundering by foreign real estate buyers

China not introducing property tax in 2017,

According to Okbah Abdulkarim, Chief Operating Officer of Dubai-based ARTAR Real Estate Development, an estimated 770 investments were made from Qatar in Dubai’s real estate sector in 2016, the combined value of which was estimated to be QR1.98 billion. “There’s a lot of diversification in the investment opportunities in Dubai and it’s a city that GCC nationals trust,” said Abdulkarim.

Qatar’s real estate transactions up by 47%: Ezdan

The country’s real estate transactions increased by 47% to QR2.2 billion in February 2017, compared to QR1.5 billion in the corresponding month last year, according to Ezdan Holding’s monthly report. Week one witnessed transactions worth QR955.1 million, the highest in the whole month; 63 deals were struck during this time. The third week saw the maximum number of deals (82), but the transactions were worth QR743.1 million, considerably less than the first week. The second and fourth weeks witnessed deals worth QR231.3 million and QR249.2 million, respectively.

despite surging prices

India’s RE scene bleak, owing to high prices and project delays India Ratings and Research

Circular issued by Dubai Land Department makes life tougher for RE companies wanting to market properties outside the city

Egyptian real estate developers suspend Saudi projects due to rift between both countries UAE’s first residential real estate investment trust launched CONSTRUCTION TODAY

37


The Riyal Estate

By Iman Eissa

Conference Director Cityscape

LOOKING BEYOND 2022

The recent Cityscape Qatar Conference put the spotlight on the real estate plans around the upcoming international football event, hightlighting how Qatar can learn from previous FIFA host countries and embrace a wider vision that looks beyond 2022.

A

s the first Arab country to win the right to host the FIFA World Cup tournament, Qatar is pulling out all the stops in its bid to become the tourist destination not only of 2022 but of the future. The country’s focus on tourism will play a major role in Qatar’s growing economy, with the government placing regional tourism investment at the forefront in 2017. For real estate experts, the World Cup is about positioning Qatar on the world stage and learning from the mistakes of past host countries when it comes to infrastructure and inventory development. This was

38 CONSTRUCTION TODAY

For real estate experts, the World Cup is about positioning Qatar on the world stage and learning from the mistakes of past host countries when it comes to infrastructure and inventory development.

the central theme of the panel “Exploring the world of hospitality real estate” at the Cityscape Qatar Conference held at the Doha Exhibition and Convention Center in March. Moderated by Edd Brooks, General Manager at DTZ Qatar, the panel explored the impact of the upcoming FIFA World Cup on the hospitality sector in the country, looking at South Africa and Brazil – past FIFA host countries – as case studies. According to experts on the panel, South Africa was left in a predicament after it invested in too much infrastructure and hospitality stock, and was left with an oversupply following the football event. The


Viewpoint aim of Qatar in preparing for the World Cup will be to avert an overflow aftermath and prevent its stadiums and hotels from turning into white elephants. It’s not an impossible feat.

Qatar’s hospitality sector now has around 22,500 hotel keys available in Qatar, 88% out of which are 4-star or 5-star category properties. The silver lining and a unique opportunity for real estate investors, say experts, can be found in mid-range hotels, specifically 2-star and 3-star hotels. Property consultant DTZ tells us that currently there is a lack of these mid-range hotels in the country and for investors looking at the hospitality industry, there is a demand for this kind of product.

Grant Salter, member of the panel and Director & Head of Travel for Deloitte, believes that Qatar will need to change the way it operates to rescue the market and avoid an infrastructure hangover, like its other FIFA host-nation predecessors. He told conference attendees, “When building, we need to look beyond 2022 and have flexibility in the design so it can adapt after the World Cup.” Salter has seen several post-Wold Cup studies of previous events and he has learnt “that it’s not about football, in fact football is just a sideline event of the World Cup. It’s about positioning the country on a world stage and looking at past successful case studies to find out how we can use the World Cup to benefit the country after 2022,” he said. Salter added that South Africa built infrastructure, world-class stadiums and hotels and is only reaping the fruit seven years later. While Qatar is preparing for the upcoming 2022 FIFA World Cup, its tourism strategy embraces a far larger approach by looking beyond the World Cup to create a stable and diversified market post-2022, with the added objective of creating over 100,000 jobs. According to DTZ, Qatar has obligations to provide more than 60,000 hotel rooms for the FIFA World Cup; however, the quantity of stock in the pipeline has led to concerns of an oversupply within the sector, particularly in the 5-star category. Cityscape Qatar panellist Christoph Franzen, General Manager of the Grand Hyatt Group, said that there will, however, be hotels in the 5-star segment operating under 4-star hotel prices and 4-star hotels operating under 3-star hotel prices, adding that there will be agility in room rates.

“It’s not about football, in fact football is just a sideline event of the World Cup. It’s about positioning the country on a world stage and looking at past successful case studies to find out how we can use the World Cup to benefit the country after 2022.” Grant Salter Member of the panel and Director & Head of Travel Deloitte

It is also estimated that at least 15 hotels and serviced apartment buildings are scheduled to open in the next 12 months, which will potentially add 4,000 keys to the existing supply. Moreover, there are currently around 25,000 hotel keys in 64 developments at various stages of planning and construction in Qatar leading up to the FIFA World Cup in 2022. Qatar is hoping to draw more tourists over the next few years to propel the country’s status as a tourism hotspot and to maintain and improve hotel performance measures. For Brooks of DTZ, Qatar will look to achieve its goals in the National Tourism Sector Strategy Plan 2030, which sets out a programme to invest $ 45 billion in tourism projects over the next 14 years with the aim of attracting a larger amount of tourist numbers from outside the GCC, and to increase annual visitors to seven million by 2030. The country is already looking at attracting a continuous stream of tourists. In December, Qatar welcomed two cruise ships for the first time to the Doha Port, and will increase the number of cruise ships docking in Doha this year to further attract an international audience. As Qatar prepares for the largest international football event, its plans will incorporate a holistic vision that seeks to improve the country’s status as a worldrenowned tourism destination for a post2022 future CONSTRUCTION TODAY

39


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A COMPLETE PACKAGE Al Emadi Engineering (AE) established itself in 1997 as a separate company, after only two years of being a part of the Ismail Bin Ali Group (IBA). In 1995, AE and IBA were awarded the Ain Khalid Gate Phase I project, which has a total plot area of 100,000m2. It consists of 129 villas + 240 units, which includes staff accommodation buildings, a mosque, an administration building, a nursery house, a club house, a supermarket, and a main gate. Due to its successful completion, the Ain Khalid Gate Phase II, its expansion project, was also awarded to AE. Subsequently, AE continues to carve its name as one of the leading construction companies in Qatar today, delivering more projects, such as the Headquarter Building for Eid 40 CONSTRUCTION TODAY

By offering specialised services and having a team of employees constantly pushing the envelope, Al Emadi Engineering is fast becoming one of the leading construction companies in Qatar.

Charity, Al Ijarah HQ Building, a mosque for Ministry of Al Awqaf, office buildings, villa compounds and malls, to name a few. Currently AE is working on the Al Asmakh project, consisting of warehouses, commercial and accommodation buildings, with a total area of 60,000m2, and already in its completion stage. AE’s market policies are characterised by high quality construction work, saving time and money for its clients, and lifetime afterservice commitments. AE boasts of a team of highly competent engineers from various countries - Canada, Egypt, Philippines and India - who have got experience of five to 30 years. Our team emphasizes the importance of camaraderie


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and support in a multicultural working environment to achieve a specific and common goal. The company believes in the continuous development of its employees, as one of its major requirements, to be continuously and significantly competent in the construction business. Hence, its employees continue to undergo a series of training sessions, seminars, workshops and conferences to further enrich their knowledge and awareness about the industry. AE is committed to be a responsible company not only for its clients but also for each individual working in its company. It strives to improve the quality of its employees’ lives and leave them professionally enriched, which has proved to be an effective formula in making it one of the leading construction companies to date. AE’s main commitment is to satisfy its clients, with the primary consideration and responsibility of preserving Qatar’s natural resources. Hence, AE is dedicated to contribute to the development of the green building system, which is the biggest challenge for the construction industry in Qatar today. It is an environmentally friendly and cost saving building construction system which reduces construction wastes and promotes energy conservation with a faster construction time schedule. Starting May 2017, AE will fully adapt and apply this new kind of construction methodology which will indeed be beneficial to the people of Qatar

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41


‫حديث الخبراء‬

‫ي‬

‫عترب مشروع الطريق الرابط بني‬ ‫الشرق والغرب يف الدوحة من أكرث‬ ‫املشاريع البارزة يف برنامج الطرق‬ ‫السريعة الذي تنفذه البالد‪ ،‬ومن‬ ‫املتوقع أن ينتهي بالكامل بحلول‬ ‫الربع الثالث من هذا العام‪ .‬ومن‬ ‫أهم أقسام هذا الطريق مسار مزدوج جديد بطول‬ ‫‪ 22‬كلم‪ .‬ويضم املشروع خمسة مسارات يف كل‬ ‫اتجاه‪ ،‬ابتداء من غرب مدينة بروة إىل شارع املطار‬ ‫الواقع جنوب دوار سالح الجو‪ .‬ويشمل أيضا‬ ‫ثمانية تقاطعات ستؤمن الوصل مع العديد من‬ ‫الطرق الرئيسية واملناطق السكنية وهي‪ :‬شارع‬ ‫املطار‪ ،‬وشارع النجمة‪ ،‬وطريق بروة‪ ،‬والطريق‬ ‫الدائري السادس‪ ،‬والطريق السريع املداري‪،‬‬ ‫وجسر ونفق الوكرة‪.‬‬ ‫وقد قدمت شركة آر إم دي كويك فورم ‪RMD‬‬ ‫‪ Kwikform‬أعمال اإلنشاءات الهيكلية‬ ‫والسقاالت املؤقتة للمشروع‪ .‬وتحدث كبري‬ ‫مهنديس الشركة‪ ،‬لوكاس سالوينسيك‪ ،‬عن أهم‬ ‫التحديات التي واجهتها أعمال القسم الشرقي من‬ ‫الطريق قائال‪“ :‬يضم القسم الشرقي من الطريق‬ ‫أحد أعىل الجسور يف الشرق األوسط حيث يبلغ‬ ‫ارتفاعه ‪ 33‬مرتا‪ .‬وبسبب اختالف مستويات األرض‬ ‫والجسر‪ ،‬فإن نظام رابيد شور ‪Rapidshor‬‬ ‫للسقاالت املؤقتة وأعمال إنشاءاتنا الهيكلية من‬ ‫نوع سوبرسلم وجي يت إكس & ‪Superslim‬‬ ‫‪ GTX‬تعترب منتجات مثالية لهذا املشروع‪”.‬‬ ‫وأضاف سالوينسيك أن األحمال التي تشكلها‬ ‫الرياح العاتية ونظام رابيد شور للسقاالت‬ ‫املؤقتة قد ألغيا تماما الحاجة إىل تركيب أنابيب‬ ‫السقاالت وتجهيزاتها‪ ،‬مما أدى إىل توفري زمني‬ ‫كبري بالنسبة للمقاول‪ .‬وأردف قائال‪“ :‬نظرا ملرونة‬ ‫نظام سوبرسليم فقد تمكنا من إلغاء الحاجة‬ ‫إىل التجهيزات املصنوعة مسبقا حسب الطلب‪،‬‬ ‫وهذا ما أتاح للعميل تقليل تكاليفه»‪ .‬وبحسب‬ ‫سالوينسيك‪ ،‬فقد تم تسليم أكرث من ‪ 20‬ألف طن‬ ‫من املعدات إىل املوقع إذ يقول‪« :‬قمنا بتنسيق‬ ‫جميع عمليات تسليم واستالم املعدات مع‬ ‫املقاول‪ .‬وقد سمح استخدام رابيدشور للصلب‬ ‫عايل الجودة للمقاول بناء شبكات سقاالت أكرب‪،‬‬ ‫والحد بشكل كبري من عدد من املكونات التي‬ ‫ينبغي نصبها‪ ،‬وبالتايل توفري الزمن وتكاليف اليد‬ ‫العاملة بالنسبة للمقاول‪ .‬وكان القيام بنصب‬ ‫وتفكيك قوالب اإلنشاءات الهيكلية بطريقة آمنة‬ ‫وفعالة أمرا ضروريا بالنسبة للمقاول‪ .‬لذا فقد‬

‫أتاح له تصميمنا بناء كل يشء عىل األرض ثم‬ ‫رفعه عىل السقاالت املؤقتة»‪.‬‬ ‫وقد أكملت شركة آر إم دي كويك فورم أعمالها‬ ‫املتعلقة بالطريق الذي يربط بني شرق الدوحة‬ ‫وغربها وبات اآلن أحد أجزاء الطريق السريع‬ ‫مفتوحا أمام الجمهور‪.‬‬ ‫وعىل الرغم من أن الطريق الذي يربط بني الشرق‬ ‫والغرب هو من أهم مشاريع برنامج الطرق‬ ‫السريعة يف البالد إال أن االختبار الحقيقي لشركة‬ ‫آر إم دي كويك فورم قد كان عندما أقامت شراكة‬ ‫مع مجموعة بن الدن السعودية لبناء تقاطع بني‬ ‫هاجر يف طريق دخان‪ .‬فالتقاطع يبدأ من الدوار‬ ‫املائل بجانب املدينة التعليمية وينتهي قبل مول‬ ‫قطر بحوايل عدة كيلومرتات‪.‬‬

‫“لقد شاركنا في هذا‬ ‫العمل على مدى‬ ‫السنوات األربع الماضية‬ ‫حيث نفذنا الكثير من‬ ‫األعمال على األنفاق‪.‬‬ ‫وقد بدأ العمل على‬ ‫الجسر الثاني في العام‬ ‫الماضي‪ ،‬وهو معقد‬ ‫بشكل ال يصدق ألن‬ ‫جزءه السفلي منحرف‬ ‫وجدرانه متغيرة‬ ‫الشكل‪.‬‬ ‫لوكاس سالوينسكي‬ ‫كبير مهندسي الشركة‬

‫وعن ذلك يقول سالوينسيك‪“ :‬لقد شاركنا يف هذا‬ ‫العمل عىل مدى السنوات األربع املاضية حيث‬ ‫نفذنا الكثري من األعمال عىل األنفاق‪ .‬وقد بدأ‬ ‫العمل عىل الجسر الثاين يف العام املايض‪ ،‬وهو‬ ‫معقد بشكل ال يصدق ألن جزءه السفيل منحرف‬ ‫وجدرانه متغرية الشكل‪ .‬لذا فقد اعتمدنا طرقا‬ ‫مختلفة لكل منطقة من الجسر»‪.‬‬ ‫واستطرد قائال‪“ :‬لقد بذلنا يف هذا العمل كل ما‬ ‫لدينا من وقت وخربات هندسية‪ .‬فالبعد بني كل‬ ‫دعامة وأخرى من دعامات الجسر يبلغ ‪ 78‬مرتا‪،‬‬ ‫ويحتوي عىل منحدر كبري بأعماق متفاوتة رأسيا‬ ‫وأفقيا‪ .‬وتحوي بعض مناطق هذا الجسر خرسانة‬ ‫صلبة بعمق ‪ 3.6‬مرتا»‪.‬‬ ‫ومن األنظمة األخرى التي يستخدمها املقاولون يف‬ ‫قطر عىل نطاق واسع نظام ألشور بالس ‪Alshor‬‬ ‫‪ Plus‬للسقاالت املؤقتة‪ .‬فقد اس ُتخدم هذا النظام‬ ‫يف العديد من املشاريع ابتداء من مشروع الطريق‬ ‫الذي يربط بني الشرق والغرب وانتهاء بأنفاق‬ ‫محطات املرتو يف لوسيل‪ .‬وبهذا الصدد يقول‪:‬‬ ‫«يتكون النظام من هياكل أخف من األملنيوم‬ ‫قادرة عىل حمل أحمال تصل إىل ‪ 120‬كجم‪ .‬وقد‬ ‫اس ُتخدم هذا النظام أيضا يف ‪ 34‬نفقا يف مشروع‬ ‫الطريق الذي يربط بني شرق الدوحة وغربها»‪.‬‬ ‫ومن املنتجات األخرى لشركة آر إم دي كويك فورم‬ ‫نظام الدعائم ميجاشور ‪ Megashor‬الذي يتحمّ ل‬ ‫‪ 750‬كجم والذي لعب أيضا دورا كبريا يف عدد‬ ‫متزايد من مشاريع البنية التحتية يف قطر إذ يقول‬ ‫سالوينسيك‪« :‬اس ُتخدم هذا النظام يف املشاريع‬ ‫التي تتطلب دعائم شديدة التحمل ومشاريع‬ ‫أنابيب املياه وكابالت الكهرباء»‪.‬‬ ‫‪42 CONSTRUCTION TODAY‬‬


‫حديث الخبراء‬

‫مونيش ايداساين‬

‫مدير املواصفات يف منطقة‬ ‫الشرق األوسط والهند وإفريقيا‬ ‫يف جوتن لألصباغ‬

‫دعم مشاريع الطرق‬ ‫تتحدث اإلنشاءات اليوم إىل لوكاس سالوينسيك‪ ،‬املدير الهنديس يف شركة آر إم دي كويك فورم‪ ،‬عن‬ ‫نظام رابيد شور للسقاالت املؤقتة الذي لعب دورا رئيسيا يف مشروع الطريق الرابط بني شرق الدوحة‬ ‫وغربها‪.‬‬

‫‪43‬‬

‫‪CONSTRUCTION TODAY‬‬


‫بناء الثقة‬

‫متابعات‬

‫بفضل السمعة الطيبة التي تتمتع بها شركة تروث ‪ Truth‬للعقارات يف السوق ملصداقيتها وشفافيتها‬ ‫يف إعطاء املعلومات‪ ،‬ازدادت ثقة العمالء بالسوق حتى يف ظل الظروف االقتصادية الصعبة‪.‬‬

‫ل‬

‫قد كان العام ‪ 2016‬غري مسبوق‬ ‫ومتقلبا من نواح عديدة‪ ،‬حتى إنه‬ ‫كان مريرا بالنسبة للبعض‪ .‬ولم‬ ‫يكن القطاع العقاري بمنأى عن‬ ‫تلك التقلبات‪ .‬فحسب مصرف قطر‬ ‫املركزي‪ ،‬لم يرتفع مؤشر أسعار‬ ‫العقارات خالل العام ‪ ،2016‬إال بنسبة ‪( ٪ 4.15‬أو‬ ‫بنسبة ‪ ٪ 1.25‬من حيث القيمة الحقيقية) باملقارنة‬ ‫مع االرتفاع املدهش بنسبة ‪ ٪ 23.16‬خالل نفس‬ ‫الفرتة من العام املايض‪ .‬وعىل الرغم من ذلك‪،‬‬ ‫وبحسب املدير العام لشركة تروث للعقارات‪ ،‬عبد‬ ‫الصمد‪ ،‬فإن الشركة تفتخر بإنجازاتها يف العام‬ ‫املايض‪ ،‬إذ يقول‪“ :‬تفخر تروث للعقارات بأنها قد‬ ‫أبرمت مائة صفقة داخل قطر يف العام ‪ .2016‬وتملك‬ ‫الشركة اآلن أكرث من ‪ 400‬عقار‪ ،‬وتمثل بعض أفضل‬ ‫أصحاب العقارات يف الدولة‪ .‬وقد شرفتنا قطر اليوم‬ ‫بمنحنا جائزة «الشركة العقارية الديناميكية للعام‬ ‫‪ »2016‬بحضور سعادة عبد الله بن حمد العطية‬ ‫(نائب رئيس الوزراء السابق)»‪ .‬واألهم من ذلك‪ ،‬أن‬ ‫تروث للعقارات هي شركة خالقة ومبتكرة‪ ،‬تركز عىل‬ ‫موظفيها‪ ،‬وتكرم املبدعني منهم‪ ،‬وتقدم الحوافز‬ ‫لجميع أعضاء الشركة‪ .‬‬ ‫وقد تحققت هذه اإلنجازات الكربى بفضل ما تتمتع‬ ‫به الشركة من أسس متينة من حيث التخطيط‬ ‫املمتاز ودراسات الجدوى الدقيقة لكل مشروع‬ ‫عىل حدة‪ .‬وتتمتع تروث العقارية بأحدث التقنيات‬ ‫املتخصصة يف تسويق وعرض وبيع وإعادة بيع املنازل‬ ‫الفاخرة الجديدة‪ ،‬واملجمعات السكنية‪ ،‬والشقق‬ ‫الفاخرة‪ ،‬وتوفر خدمات مصممة خصيصا لتتناسب‬ ‫مع متطلبات عمالئها‪ .‬وتكمن يف قلب كل ذلك‬ ‫رؤية الشركة بأن تصبح شركة رائدة يف السوق يف‬ ‫مجال عقارات تجارة التجزئة‪ ،‬والعقارات التجارية‪،‬‬ ‫والسكنية‪ ،‬وأن تلبي احتياجات عمالئها بنزاهة وثقة‪.‬‬ ‫ويتضح ما تتمتع به الشركة من روح الفريق والعمل‬ ‫الجماعي جليا من خالل موظفيها املحرتفني واملدربني‬ ‫تدريبا جيدا يف املجال العقاري والذين يسعون‬

‫«ستساهم‬ ‫األحداث واإلنجازات‬ ‫الرئيسية مثل كأس‬ ‫العالم لكرة القدم‬ ‫‪ 2022‬ورؤية قطر‬ ‫الوطنية ‪ 2030‬في‬ ‫تسريع وتيرة نمو‬ ‫سوق العقارات»‬ ‫عبد الصمد‬ ‫المدير العام لشركة‬ ‫تروث للعقارات‬

‫باستمرار لتقديم خدمات عالية الجودة للعمالء‪.‬‬ ‫وعن ذلك يقول عبد الصمد‪« :‬إن رضا العمالء هو‬ ‫اختصاصنا األسايس‪ .‬فنحن نحقق ذلك من خالل‬ ‫تقديم خدمات احرتافية للغاية وفعالة ومرنة‬ ‫لعمالئنا‪ ،‬كما أن املحافظة عىل الثقة وأخالقيات‬ ‫العمل هي قيمنا األساسية للنجاح»‪ .‬لذا فقد غريت‬ ‫الشركة هدفها اإلسرتاتيجي املتمثل بتحسني رضا‬ ‫العمالء‪ ،‬من الرتكيز عىل الكفاءة التشغيلية عىل‬ ‫املدى القصري‪ ،‬إىل الرتكيز عىل كفاءة محفظة أعمال‬ ‫الشركة عىل املدى الطويل‪.‬‬ ‫وأعرب عبد الصمد عن تفاؤله بشأن مواصلة سوق‬ ‫العقارات السكنية نموها يف العام املقبل قائال‪:‬‬ ‫«ستساهم األحداث واإلنجازات الرئيسية مثل كأس‬ ‫العالم لكرة القدم ‪ 2022‬ورؤية قطر الوطنية ‪ 2030‬يف‬ ‫تسريع وترية نمو سوق العقارات‪ ،‬وإبقائها مستقرة‬ ‫لفرتة طويلة‪ ،‬إذ يتأثر قطاع العقارات بشكل متزايد‬ ‫بالتقدم التكنولوجي السريع‪ ،‬كما أن قطر تتسم‬ ‫بأسرع االقتصادات نموا يف العالم‪ ،‬إضافة إىل‬ ‫حركتها العمرانية السريعة‪ .‬وكال العاملني يساعدان‬ ‫يف تعزيز القطاع العقاري املحيل وزيادة الطلب عىل‬ ‫عقارات التجزئة والعقارات السكنية والتجارية»‪.‬‬ ‫وعىل الرغم من استفادة قطر من النمو القوي يف‬ ‫تجارة التجزئة يف السنوات املاضية‪ ،‬مدفوعا بزيادة‬ ‫عدد السكان وارتفاع الدخل املتاح‪ ،‬إال أن التباطؤ‬ ‫االقتصادي األخري الذي حدث يف العام ‪ 2016‬قد أثرّ‬ ‫عىل هذا القطاع‪ .‬وبهذا الصدد يقول‪« :‬ينبغي أن‬ ‫يتم التفكري بتخصيص املزيد من مساحات التجزئة‬ ‫ألنه يوجد حاليا طلب قوي عىل عقارات التجزئة من‬ ‫تجار التجزئة املحليني والعامليني عىل حد سواء الذين‬ ‫يتطلعون إما إىل دخول السوق املحلية أو التوسع فيها‪.‬‬ ‫وينبغي أيضا أن تؤخذ تقلبات أسعار العرض بعني‬ ‫االعتبار لتوفري بيئة خالية من املخاطر للمستثمرين‬ ‫واملشرتين والبائعني»‪.‬ومهمــا يكـن مــا يخبــؤه املستقبل‪،‬‬ ‫فــإن عبد الصمد يؤكـد بأن شركة تروث للعقارات‬ ‫ستعمل بما يتماىش مع رؤية قطر‪ ،‬وستقتنص جميع‬ ‫الفرص يك تحقق النجاح للشركة والبلد‪.‬‬ ‫‪44 CONSTRUCTION TODAY‬‬


‫استدامة‬ ‫معالجة إضافية إلزالة املواد غري املرغوب فيها من‬ ‫مخلفات البناء‪ .‬لذا يتم تجهيز الكسارات وسيور‬ ‫النقل بمغانط قوية إلزالة املعادن من الخرسانة‪،‬‬ ‫وخاصة حديد التسليح‪ُ .‬‬ ‫وتزال أيضا امللوثات األخف‬ ‫مثل الورق والبالستيك والقماش والخشب يدويا‬ ‫وأيضا عن طريق الغسل وتيارات الهواء‪ .‬والغسل‬ ‫هو األسلوب األكرث فعالية‪ ،‬لذا تتميز املصانع‬ ‫الحديثة بأنها تقتصد كثريا يف استخدام املاء‪ ،‬وهذا‬ ‫أمر ضروري نظرا لكوننا نعمل يف الصحراء»‪.‬‬ ‫ومن املتوقع أن يبدأ مصنع تدوير نفايات البناء‬ ‫يف العام ‪ .2017‬وعن ذلك يقول‪« :‬تعمل يت آر إل‬ ‫مع الشركة القطرية للمواد األولية إليجاد مقاول‬ ‫يتمتع بخربة دولية مناسبة لتشغيل مصنع إعادة‬ ‫التدوير الذي سينتج مواد بناء عالية الجودة‬ ‫مقبولة ومتوافقة مع املعايري القطرية»‪.‬‬

‫إىل غبار أثناء املعالجة األولية‪ .‬وأردف قائال‪« :‬يمكن‬ ‫استخدام جميع النفايات املعاد تدويرها تقريب ـ ـ ــا‬ ‫يف طبق ــات أسـ ــاس الط ـ ــرق‪ ،‬لك ـ ــن فقــط حوال ـ ــي‬ ‫‪ ٪ 20 - 10‬منها قوية بما يكفي الستخدامها يف‬ ‫الخرسانة‪ .‬وقد حددت مواصفات البناء القطرية‬ ‫متطلبات املواد املناسبة الستخدامها يف مختلف‬ ‫التطبيقات ويوجد عدد من االختبارات القياسية‬ ‫التي يمكن خاللها تحديد مدى مالءمة املواد املعاد‬ ‫تدويرها ملختلف التطبيقات»‪.‬‬ ‫وأوضح الدكتور حسن أنه إذا تمت معالجة‬ ‫نفايات البناء بالشكل املناسب فإنها سوف تنتج‬ ‫موادا ممتازة سبق لشركة يت آر إل استخدامها يف‬ ‫العديد من املشاريع التجريبية مثل إدخال تلك‬

‫ُ‬ ‫«تعترب حديقة لندن األوملبية مشروعا نموذجيا استطاع تحقيق نتائج رائعة‬ ‫من خالل الرتكيز الواضح عىل االستدامة منذ البداية‪ ،‬وبناء الشراكات مع‬ ‫جميع أصحاب املصلحة املعنيني يف عملية البناء‪ .‬لكن املشروع أقيم بأكمله‬ ‫يف موقع واحد كبري‪ ،‬يف حني أن املالعب تنتشر يف قطر يف جميع أنحاء‬ ‫البالد‪ .‬ونتوقع أنه بمجرد أن يبدأ معملنا بإنتاج مواد بناء معاد تدويرها‬ ‫ذات جودة عالية وبكميات كافية‪ ،‬فإن تلك املواد ُ‬ ‫ستستخدم عىل نطاق‬ ‫واسع يف بناء املالعب»‪.‬‬ ‫الدكتور خالد حسن‬ ‫املدير اإلقليمي لشركة يت آر إل يف قطر‬

‫املواد يف الكتل الخرسانية لثالثة مبان صغرية‪،‬‬ ‫واستخدامها يف طبقات أساس الطريق الواصل‬ ‫إىل موقع مكب النفايات ومصنع إعادة التدوير‬ ‫يف روضة راشد‪ .‬وكشف أن املواد املعاد تدويرها‬ ‫تستخدم بالفعل يف طبقات أساس الطرق يف‬ ‫قطر‪ ،‬إال أن استخدامها يف الكتل الخرسانية ما‬ ‫يزال أقل شيوعا‪.‬‬ ‫وأكد الدكتور حسن أن الشركة القطرية للمواد‬ ‫األولية ويت آر إل سوف تطبقان أفضل التقنيات‬ ‫املتوفرة لتنفيذ عملياتهما يف مصنع إعادة التدوير‬ ‫الجديد الواقع يف موقع مكب النفايات يف روضة‬ ‫راشد‪ ،‬مضيفا‪“ :‬تتكون العملية األساسية‬ ‫إلعادة التدوير من سلسلة من مراحل السحق‬ ‫وفرز املواد الخام‪ .‬غري أنه ينبغي أن تتم مرحلة‬ ‫‪45‬‬

‫‪CONSTRUCTION TODAY‬‬

‫عمل تي آر إل مع‬ ‫الشركة القطرية‬ ‫للمواد األولية إليجاد‬ ‫مقاول يتمتع‬ ‫بخبرة دولية مناسبة‬ ‫لتشغيل مصنع‬ ‫إعادة التدوير الذي‬ ‫سينتج مواد بناء‬ ‫عالية الجودة مقبولة‬ ‫ومتوافقة مع‬ ‫المعايير القطرية‬

‫وقد ابتكرت الصني مؤخرا أول نظام روبويت متوفر‬ ‫تجاريا لفرز النفايات بسبب الفئات املتعددة‬ ‫والكثرية للنفايات‪ .‬ويرى الدكتور حسن أن قطر‬ ‫قد تحذو حذو الصني لكنه أعرب عن بعض‬ ‫التحفظات بشأن النواحي االقتصادية لهذه‬ ‫الخطوة قائال‪« :‬يتسم الفرز الروبويت ملخلفات‬ ‫البناء بأنه مفيد للغاية يف قطر ألن األجهزة اآللية‬ ‫ال تتأثر بالحرارة والرطوبة كتأثر اإلنسان‪ .‬ومن‬ ‫املفرتض أن تقوم الروبوتات بفصل النفايات‬ ‫الصلبة بشكل أكرث دقة وفعالية‪ ،‬شريطة أن‬ ‫تكون مصممة للعمل يف ظروف الطقس الحار‬ ‫والرطب واملغرب‪ .‬غري أن مواد البناء املعاد تدويرها‬ ‫هي مواد رخيصة والعمالة متاحة يف دول مجلس‬ ‫التعاون الخليجي بأسعار رخيصة نسبيا‪ ،‬لذا فإن‬ ‫تركيب نظام آيل قد ال يكون مجزيا من الناحية‬ ‫االقتصادية»‪.‬‬ ‫لكن هل يمكن لقطر أن تستلهم من الحديقة‬ ‫األومل ـبـيــة فـي لنـدن التـي اسـ ُتـخ ــدم يف إن ـشــائها‬ ‫‪ ٪ 90‬من النفايات التي كانت تذهب إىل مكبات‬ ‫النفايات؟ أجاب الدكتور حسن‪ُ :‬‬ ‫«تعترب حديقة‬ ‫لندن األوملبية مشروعا نموذجيا استطاع تحقيق‬ ‫نتائج رائعة من خالل الرتكيز الواضح عىل‬ ‫االستدامة منذ البداية‪ ،‬وبناء الشراكات مع جميع‬ ‫أصحاب املصلحة املعنيني يف عملية البناء‪ .‬لكن‬ ‫املشروع أقيم بأكمله يف موقع واحد كبري‪ ،‬يف حني‬ ‫أن املالعب تنتشر يف قطر يف جميع أنحاء البالد‪.‬‬ ‫ونتوقع أنه بمجرد أن يبدأ معملنا بإنتاج مواد بناء‬ ‫معاد تدويرها ذات جودة عالية وبكميات كافية‪،‬‬ ‫فإن تلك املواد س ُتستخدم عىل نطاق واسع يف بناء‬ ‫املالعب»‪.‬‬


‫استدامة‬

‫ح‬

‫ققت قطر يف أكتوبر من العام‬ ‫املايض قفزة كبرية يف مجال تحقيق‬ ‫أفضل استفادة ممكنة من النفايات‬ ‫الناتجة عن مشاريع البناء التي‬ ‫تنفذها وذلك بفضل االتفاقية التي‬ ‫أبرمتها الشركة القطرية للمواد‬ ‫األولية مع شركة يت آر إل الربيطانية‪ .‬وبموجب‬ ‫االتفاقية فإن الشركتني ستقومان بالتعاون‬ ‫والتنسيق يف مجال دراسة وتبني حلول عملية‬ ‫لتحويل مخلفات البناء املحلية الناتجة عن أعمال‬ ‫الحفر وهدم املباين القديمة إىل منتجات قابلة‬ ‫لالستعمال واالستفادة منها يف إنشاء املشاريع‬ ‫السكنية والطرق والبنية التحتية وغريها‪.‬‬

‫وقال الدكتور خالد حسن‪ ،‬املدير اإلقليمي لشركة‬ ‫يت آر إل يف قطر‪ ،‬إن هذه الشراكة ستساعد يف‬ ‫تحويل كميات كبرية من مخلفات البناء التي تلقى‬ ‫يف مكبات النفايات إىل منتجات عالية الجودة‬ ‫لحماية البيئة ودعم إسرتاتيجية الحكومة الرامية‬ ‫إىل تحقيق التنمية املستدامة الشاملة‪.‬‬ ‫وأضاف الدكتور حسن‪ّ :‬‬ ‫«قدمت شركة يت إر إل‬ ‫عىل مدى السنوات الخمس املاضية مع الجهات‬ ‫ذات العالقة يف قطر أدلة محلية تؤكد إمكانية‬ ‫االستخدام املبتكر ملخلفات البناء املحلية املعاد‬ ‫تدويرها يف قطاع البناء‪ .‬وقد تمت االستفادة من‬ ‫هذه املساعي يف تحديث مواصفات البناء القطرية‬ ‫(‪ )QCS 2014‬للسماح باستخدام مخلفات البناء‬ ‫املعاد تدويرها كما تم اعتماد نتائج هذه الدراسات‬ ‫مؤخرا من قبل هيئة التقييس لدول مجلس‬ ‫التعاون الخليجي(‪ . )GSO 2489/2015‬ومن شأن‬ ‫تطوير املعايري الوطنية واإلقليمية املرتافقة مع‬ ‫إجراءات جودة اإلنتاج أن يعزز استخدام مخلفات‬ ‫البناء املعاد تدويرها يف املمارسة العملية»‪.‬‬ ‫وقد توقعت قمة إدارة النفايات وإعادة التدوير‬ ‫التي أقيمت يف الدوحة يف العام املايض أن تنتج‬ ‫قطر ‪ 19‬ألف طن يوميا من النفايات الصلبة‬ ‫بحلول العام ‪ ،2032‬حوايل ‪ % 70‬منها هي من‬ ‫نفايات أعمال البناء والهدم‪ .‬وبحسب تقرير‬ ‫لبنك قطر للتنمية فإنه يمكن إليرادات إعادة‬ ‫تدوير مخلفات أعمال البناء والهدم أن تصل إىل‬ ‫نحو ‪ 387‬مليون ريال‪ .‬وتهدف قطر أيضا إىل رفع‬

‫حق ــائ ــق‬

‫ــــــــ‬

‫من املزمع أن يبدأ اإلنتاج ببطء بحيث‬ ‫يتزايد عىل مدى السنوات القليلة‬ ‫املقبلة‪ .‬ففي السنة األوىل من اإلنتاج‪،‬‬ ‫نسعى إلعادة تدوير ما يقرب من‬

‫‪10,000‬‬

‫طن يوميا (بما يعادل حوايل ‪2.5‬‬ ‫مليون طن سنويا)‪ ،‬وبعد ذلك ستتم‬ ‫زيادة اإلنتاج بمقدار ثالثة أضعاف‬ ‫خالل ‪ 5 - 3‬سنوات إىل‬

‫‪30,000‬‬ ‫طن يوميا‬

‫سوف تعمل شركة‬ ‫تي آر إل مع السلطات‬ ‫لتنفيذ ‹قواعد الممارسة›‬ ‫تلك وضمان أن تتوافق‬ ‫المواد الناتجة عن إعادة‬ ‫التدوير مع مواصفات‬ ‫البناء القطرية‪ .‬لذا سوف‬ ‫تعمل تي آر إل أيضا مع‬ ‫المقاول الذي يعيد تدوير‬ ‫المخلفات لمساعدته‬ ‫على تحقيق المعايير‬ ‫المطلوبة كي يضمن‬ ‫العمالء الذين يستخدمون‬ ‫المواد المعاد تدويرها‬ ‫أنها بنفس جودة المواد‬ ‫المستوردة»‪.‬‬

‫حصتها من إعادة تدوير النفايات الصلبة من ‪8٪‬‬ ‫إىل ‪ ٪ 38‬والتقليل من استخدام مكبات القمامة‬ ‫بنسبة ‪ ،٪ 53‬وتحويل النفايات إىل طاقة‪.‬‬ ‫وقال الدكتور خالد معلقا عىل أهداف االتفاقية‬ ‫املربمة بني الشركة القطرية للمواد األولية وشركة‬ ‫يت آر إل‪« :‬من املزمع أن يبدأ اإلنتاج ببطء بحيث‬ ‫يتزايد عىل مدى السنوات القليلة املقبلة‪ .‬ففي‬ ‫السنة األوىل من اإلنتاج‪ ،‬نسعى إلعادة تدوير ما‬ ‫يقرب من ‪ 10‬آالف طن يوميا (بما يعادل حوايل‬ ‫‪ 2.5‬مليون طن سنويا)‪ ،‬وبعد ذلك ستتم زيادة‬ ‫اإلنتاج بمقدار ثالثة أضعاف خالل ‪ 5 - 3‬سنوات‬ ‫إىل ‪ 30‬ألف طن يوميا (‪ 10‬ماليني طن سنويا)‪.‬‬ ‫ويمكن أن تساهم النفايات املعاد تدويرها بما‬ ‫يصل إىل ثلث احتياجات البالد مع زيادة االعتماد‬ ‫عىل املوارد املحلية وتقليل التكاليف»‪.‬‬ ‫ومن أبرز النقاط التي اشتملت عليها االتفاقية‬ ‫تطبيق إسرتاتيجية جديدة لتطوير النفايات‬ ‫املعاد تدويرها لضمان جودة املنتجات من أجل‬ ‫استخدامها يف البناء‪ .‬وعن ذلك يقول‪« :‬قدمت‬ ‫يت آر إل إىل السلطات املختصة يف قطر قواعد‬ ‫توجيهية خاصة بشأن ممارساتها لضمان تصنيف‬ ‫مخلفات البناء قبل املعالجة إىل مواد خاملة‬ ‫كالبالستيك‪ ،‬والورق‪ ،‬والخشب‪ ،‬والقماش‪،‬‬ ‫واملعادن واإلطارات وغريها‪ ،‬ومواد خطرة‬ ‫كالصوف الزجاجي (األسبستوس)‪ ،‬مما يسهل‬ ‫ويحسن من‬ ‫إعادة تدوير تلك املواد بتكلفة أقل‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫جودة املنتجات النهائية»‪.‬‬ ‫وأضاف‪« :‬سوف تعمل شركة يت آر إل مع‬ ‫السلطات لتنفيذ ‹قواعد املمارسة› تلك وضمان‬ ‫أن تتوافق املواد الناتجة عن إعادة التدوير مع‬ ‫مواصفات البناء القطرية‪ .‬لذا سوف تعمل يت آر‬ ‫إل أيضا مع املقاول الذي يعيد تدوير املخلفات‬ ‫ملساعدته عىل تحقيق املعايري املطلوبة يك يضمن‬ ‫العمالء الذين يستخدمون املواد املعاد تدويرها‬ ‫أنها بنفس جودة املواد املستوردة»‪.‬‬ ‫ولفت الدكتور حسن إىل أنه ليست كل النفايات‬ ‫املعاد تدويرها مناسبة لجميع االستخدامات ألن‬ ‫بعض املواد تكون ضعيفة جدا‪ ،‬لذا فإنها تتحول‬ ‫‪46 CONSTRUCTION TODAY‬‬


‫استدامة‬

‫بقلم أوداين ناغ‬

‫إدارة‬ ‫مخلفات البناء‬

‫يقول الدكتور خالد حسن‪ ،‬املدير اإلقليمي لشركة يت آر إل يف قطر‪ ،‬إنه من املتوقع أن يفيض االتفاق‬ ‫الذي أبرمته بني الشركة القطرية للمواد األولية ويت آر إل يف العام املايض إىل إنتاج ‪ 30‬ألف طن من‬ ‫مخلفات البناء املعاد تدويرها خالل ‪ 5 - 3‬سنوات‪.‬‬

‫‪47‬‬

‫‪CONSTRUCTION TODAY‬‬


‫ابتكار‬ ‫ريك فرينيت ‪ ،‬محافظ شركة قطر الرتفيهية (تسايل ذ‪.‬م‪.‬م) عىل‬ ‫اليمني‪ ،‬خالد الجعربي مدير املشاريع‬

‫من أن معظم مدن كيدزانيا تتكون من طابقني‪،‬‬ ‫إال أن تصميم كيدزانيا الدوحة يتسم بأنه أفقي‬ ‫أكرث منه عمودي»‪.‬‬ ‫ومن أبرز ما ستتضمنه كيدزانيا الدوحة طائرة‬ ‫بوينج ‪ُ 757‬تعترب أطول طائرات كيدزانيا يف املنطقة‪.‬‬ ‫وعن ذلك يقول فرينيت‪« :‬إنها طائرة من طراز‬ ‫ريد ‪ ،REED‬وقد تم تعديلها لتشمل ستة أجهزة‬ ‫محاكاة للطريان‪ .‬وتجدر اإلشارة إىل أنه لن يتم‬ ‫استخدام طائرة بالحجم الكامل إال يف كيدزانيا‬ ‫الدوحة»‪.‬‬ ‫ولفت الجعربي إىل أنه من الجوانب املهمة األخرى‬ ‫للمشروع تماشيه مع رؤية قطر الوطنية ‪،2030‬‬ ‫مضيفا‪« :‬إن مبانينا صديقة للبيئة قدر اإلمكان‪.‬‬ ‫فأسباير (وهي من املساهمني يف املشروع) تتبع‬ ‫إرشادات املنظومة الشاملة لتقييم االستدامة‪ ‬جي‬ ‫ساس‪ )GSAS( ‬من حيث املواد والتهوية وما إىل‬ ‫ذلك‪ .‬وسنعلن عن اسم املقاول الذي اخرتناه‬ ‫ألعمال التشطيبات يف وقت قريب جدا ألن‬ ‫املشروع قد بات يف مراحل البناء النهائية»‪.‬‬ ‫وتنقسم مدن كيدزانيا يف جميع أنحاء العالم‬ ‫إىل ثالثة أجزاء‪ :‬مدخل املدينة أو منطقة املطار‪،‬‬ ‫ووسط املدينة‪ ،‬والتجمعات الصناعية والضواحي‪.‬‬ ‫ومن ناحية البناء فإن استخدام مواد اصطناعية‬ ‫ملحاكاة املواد الحقيقية هو سمة أخرى فريدة من‬ ‫نوعها ألنها متبعة يف جميع مدن كيدزانيا‪.‬‬ ‫ومىض الجعربي قائال‪“ :‬سنستخدم موادا خاصة‬ ‫أكرث أمانا وأخف وزنا ملحاكاة املواد الحقيقية‪.‬‬ ‫فالقوالب سيتم تصنيعها مسبقا من الجبس‬ ‫املسلح بالزجاج (‪ ،)GRG‬ومن ثم سيتم استخدام‬ ‫جص من نوع باريس كمبوزيت مطيل بحيث يقلد‬

‫شكل ومظهر املواد الحقيقية‪ .‬وسوف يتم محاكاة‬ ‫الطوب والرخام باستخدام الخرسانة املرشوشة‬ ‫والخرسانة املسلحة باأللياف الزجاجية‪ .‬وسيتم يف‬ ‫بعض الحاالت استخدام لوحات الجبس املطلية‬ ‫بطالء خاص إلعطاء شكل ومظهر الخشب‪.‬‬ ‫وسيتم أيضا استخدام الخشب البالستييك‬ ‫(‪ )WPC‬بدال من الخشب يف بعض األماكن‪ ،‬بينما‬ ‫سيتم يف أماكن أخرى استخدام أرضيات تبدو‬ ‫كالخشب لكنها أكرث قدرة عىل التحمل مثل البالط‬ ‫السريامييك»‪.‬‬ ‫وكشف الجعربي أيضا أن ذلك يتوقف عىل‬ ‫االرتفاع إذ سيتم استخدام مواد حقيقية يف‬ ‫األماكن التي يطولها األطفال يف حني أنه سيتم‬ ‫استخدام مواد أخرى يف املناطق التي ال يمكن‬ ‫لألطفال أن يطولوها‪.‬‬

‫«إنها طائرة من‬ ‫طراز ريد ‪،REED‬‬ ‫وقد تم تعديلها‬ ‫لتشمل ستة أجهزة‬ ‫محاكاة للطيران‪.‬‬ ‫وتجدر اإلشارة إلى‬ ‫أنه لن يتم استخدام‬ ‫طائرة بالحجم الكامل‬ ‫إال في كيدزانيا‬ ‫الدوحة»‪.‬‬ ‫ريك فيرنيت‬

‫محافظ شركة قطر الترفيهية‬ ‫(تسالي ذ‪.‬م‪.‬م)‪،‬‬

‫وقال فرينت‪“ :‬نريد أن يتمكن األطفال من ملس‬ ‫األشياء الواقعية واإلحساس بها‪ ،‬لذا فإن كل‬ ‫يشء يف كيدزانيا حقيقي قدر اإلمكان‪ .‬ولجعل‬ ‫كيدزانيا آمنة بالنسبة لألطفال حرصنا عىل عدم‬ ‫وجود زوايا حادة‪ ،‬لكننا لن نركب عوازل للحماية‬ ‫فوق كل يشء‪ .‬فالتحكم يف التكلفة والصيانة‬ ‫هي أسباب استخدامنا ملواد غري حقيقية‪ .‬فعىل‬ ‫سبيل املثال‪ ،‬قمنا باستخدام مواد أكرث تكلفة من‬ ‫الخشب كبديل عنه ألنها تبدو أجمل من الخشب‬ ‫الحقيقي‪ ،‬وتستمر لفرتة أطول‪ ،‬وال تتشقق»‪.‬‬ ‫وأخريا كشف فرينت أن من التحديات األخرى التي‬ ‫ينطوي عليها املشروع بناء مدينة حجمها يبلغ‬ ‫ثلثي حجم املدينة الحقيقية إضافة إىل تحديات‬ ‫أعمال الهندسة الكهربائية وامليكانيكية‪ ،‬واآلالت‬ ‫املسبقة الصنع‪ ،‬وتصميم أماكن الجلوس‪.‬‬ ‫ومن الجدير بالذكر أن مدينة كيدزانيا الدوحة‬ ‫ستضم أيضا ‪ 42‬عالمة تجارية منها‪ :‬بنك قطر‬ ‫الوطني‪ ،‬ووزارة االقتصاد والتجارة‪ ،‬ومياه‬ ‫الريان‪ ،‬والهالل األحمر القطري‪ ،‬والخطوط‬ ‫الجوية القطرية‪ ،‬وجوتن‪ ،‬وعبد الصمد القريش‪،‬‬ ‫واملتحجبة‪ .‬وينطوي مفهوم املدينة عىل توفري‬ ‫تجربة تعليمية وترفيهية‪ ،‬واالستمتاع بتجربة‬ ‫لعب األدوار يف مجموعة واسعة من املهن‬ ‫الحقيقية يمتزج فيها املرح بالتعليم واإللهام‪.‬‬ ‫وتسايل هي مشروع مشرتك بني مؤسسة أسباير‬ ‫زون (‪ )٪ 49‬وشراكة القابضة (‪ ،)٪ 51‬ولديها‬ ‫رخصة مدينة كيدزانيا الدوحة حيث تقدر تكلفة‬ ‫املشروع بـ ‪ 300‬مليون ريال‪.‬‬ ‫‪48 CONSTRUCTION TODAY‬‬


‫ابتكار‬

‫المزج بين التعليم والتسلية‬ ‫يتحدث محافظ شركة قطر الرتفيهية (تسايل ذ‪.‬م‪.‬م)‪ ،‬ريك فرينيت‪ ،‬ومدير مشاريعها‪ ،‬خالد الجعربي‪،‬‬ ‫عن جوانب تصميم وبناء جوانب مدينة كيدزانيا الدوحة التي من املقرر أن تبدأ عملياتها يف العام املقبل‪.‬‬

‫أ‬

‫علنت سلسلة املدن التعليمية والرتفيهية‬ ‫العاملية كيدزانيا مؤخرا أنها سوف تدرج‬ ‫قطر يف قائمة أسواقها التي تضم حاليا ‪24‬‬ ‫موقعا يف ‪ 19‬بلدا‪ .‬ومن املقرر أن تنطلق‬ ‫مدينة كيدزانيا الدوحة يف الربع األول‬ ‫من العام ‪ ،2018‬وهي تستوعب ‪1000‬‬ ‫طفل مع ما يقرب من ‪ 250‬موظفا يوميا‪،‬‬ ‫ويُتوقع أن تستقبل أكرث من ‪ 3‬ماليني زائر سنويا‪.‬‬ ‫وبحسب محافظ شركة قطر الرتفيهية (تسايل‬ ‫ذ‪.‬م‪.‬م)‪ ،‬ريك فرينيت‪ ،‬ومدير مشاريعها‪ ،‬خالد‬ ‫الجعربي‪ ،‬فقد تم االهتمام بأدق التفاصيل‬ ‫لجعل تصميم وإنشاء مدينة كيدزانيا الدوحة‬ ‫أقرب ما يكون إىل الكمال‪ ،‬حيث يتم بناء املدينة‬ ‫عىل مساحة ‪ 5500‬مرت مربع‪ .‬وعن ذلك يقول‬ ‫الجعربي‪« :‬تلقينا التصميم من املكسيك التي‬ ‫‪49‬‬

‫‪CONSTRUCTION TODAY‬‬

‫تلقينا التصميم من‬ ‫المكسيك‪ ،‬وتم تطويره‬ ‫في الدوحة حيث تمت‬ ‫مراجعة كل شيء من‬ ‫خالل االستفادة من‬ ‫خبرات الفريق المعماري‬ ‫في المكسيك‪ .‬فالثقافة‬ ‫المحلية تتجلى في‬ ‫مدن كيدزانيا في جميع‬ ‫أنحاء العالم‪”.‬‬ ‫خالد الجعبري‬ ‫مدير مشاريع‬ ‫شركة تسالي‬

‫يقع فيها املقر الرئييس للشركة‪ ،‬وتم تطويره‬ ‫يف الدوحة حيث تمت مراجعة كل يشء ابتداء‬ ‫من األبواب وانتهاء بأحجام املمرات من خالل‬ ‫االستفادة من خربات الفريق املعماري يف املكسيك‪.‬‬ ‫فالثقافة املحلية تتجىل يف مدن كيدزانيا يف جميع‬ ‫أنحاء العالم‪”.‬‬ ‫ومن جهته‪ ،‬قال فرينيت إنه منذ إنشاء أول‬ ‫مدينة كيدزانيا يف املكسيك قبل‪ 18‬عاما‪ ،‬صارت‬ ‫الشركة تدرس كل سوق بدقة لوضع اللمسات‬ ‫األخرية عىل مبانيها بما يناسب كل سوق من‬ ‫هذه األسواق‪ .‬وأضاف‪« :‬تم تصميم املدينة بحيث‬ ‫تسمح بحركة الناس دون عوائق‪ .‬وينطبق اليشء‬ ‫نفسه عىل الشوارع واألماكن العامة‪ .‬وعىل الرغم‬


‫ابداعات‬ ‫ومىض قائال‪« :‬استخدمنا طائرة ‪X6 hexacopter‬‬ ‫‪ Aibotix‬املزودة بربامج للطيار اآليل من أجل‬ ‫الحصول عىل البيانات‪ .‬واستخدمنا برنامج املسح‬ ‫التصويري ‪Bentley’s Context Capture‬‬ ‫ملعالجة البيانات‪ .‬وبلغت مساحة املنطقة املطلوب‬ ‫تغطيتها حوايل ‪ 14‬هكتارا‪ ،‬وقد تم التخطيط‬ ‫إلجراءات ما قبل الطريان يف وقت مبكر يف املكتب‬ ‫بحيث لم يستغرق العمل يف اليوم املعني املحدد‬ ‫سوى بضع ساعات الطريان الستكمال جمع‬ ‫البيانات‪ .‬واستغرقت معالجة البيانات ثالثة أيام‬ ‫لتسليم نموذج ثاليث األبعاد بدقة ‪ 1‬سم»‪.‬‬ ‫وتقول شركة فالكون آي درونز إنها أول شركة يف‬ ‫الشرق األوسط وإفريقيا تقدم خدمات التصوير‬ ‫والتفتيش واملسح الجوي باستخدام أحدث أنظمة‬ ‫أتمتة بيانات الطائرات بدون طيار وبرامج معالجة‬ ‫الصور‪ .‬وتقدم الشركة أيضا لعمالئها خدمات‬ ‫تجميع الصور املتتالية لنفس املنطةقة�‪orthomo‬‬ ‫‪ ، saics‬والنماذج الرقمية للسطوح (‪،)DSM‬‬ ‫ونماذج االرتفاعات الرقمية‪.‬‬ ‫وعن ذلك يقول‪« :‬استطعنا من خالل خدماتنا‬ ‫يف مجال تجميع الصور املتتالية لنفس املنطقة‬ ‫أن نساعد أحد عمالئنا عىل تحديد أمور كان من‬ ‫املستحيل تحقيقها عىل األرض‪ .‬فقد كان ذلك‬ ‫املشروع يتعلق برسم خريطة لشبكة تاريخية‬ ‫إلمدادات املياه تحت األرض تمتد ملسافة ثالثة‬ ‫كيلومرتات يف الصحراء‪ .‬واستطعنا من خالل‬ ‫الخريطة التي توصلنا إليها تحديد أماكن الخلل‬ ‫ألن املنطقة كانت جافة لسنوات‪ .‬وتم أيضا‬ ‫تحديد جميع اآلبار التي تم حفرها قبل كل تلك‬ ‫السنوات‪ ،‬ولم يكن ذلك ممكنا إال من خالل‬ ‫تقنية والنماذج الرقمية للسطوح‪ .‬ومن خالل‬ ‫هذه املعلومات ّ‬ ‫تمكن عمالؤنا من إعادة بناء‬ ‫هذا الهيكل التاريخي مع املحافظة عىل التصميم‬ ‫األصيل»‪.‬‬ ‫وشاركت شركة فالكون آي درونز يف عمليات‬ ‫مسح األرايض خالل مرحلة ما قبل البناء من أجل‬ ‫هيئة دبي للطرق واملواصالت ومجلس أبو ظبي‬ ‫للتخطيط العمراين‪.‬‬ ‫ويرى لؤي دهمش‪ ،‬رئيس شركة أوتوديسك‬ ‫الشرق األوسط‪ ،‬أن الطائرات بدون طيار قد‬ ‫باتت اآلن يف صدارة مشاريع البناء يف قطر وبقية‬ ‫دول املنطقة التي بدأت تستخدم الطائرات بدون‬ ‫طيار للقيام بمجموعة كاملة من املهام يف مجال‬ ‫التخطيط وكذلك يف املوقع‪.‬‬ ‫وأوتوديسك هي إحدى الشركات الرائدة يف مجال‬ ‫تطوير الربمجيات تقدم منتجاتها إىل مجموعة‬ ‫واسعة من األنشطة بما فيها قطاع البناء‪.‬‬

‫وتستخدم شركة ‪ 3‬دي آر ‪ ،3DR‬املتخصصة يف‬ ‫صناعة الطائرات بدون طيار والتي تقيم شراكة مع‬ ‫أوتوديسك‪ ،‬منصة فورج ‪ Forge‬لتطوير حلول‬ ‫جديدة للربط بني الطائرات بدون طيار والحوسبة‬ ‫السحابية من أجل املتخصصني يف قطاعات البناء‪،‬‬ ‫واالتصاالت‪ ،‬واملسح ورسم الخرائط‪ ،‬والطاقة‪،‬‬ ‫والبنية التحتية‪ .‬وأردف قائال‪“ :‬من مزايا منصة‬ ‫فورج واجهاتها لربامج تطبيقات (‪ ،)API‬وأدواتها‬ ‫لتطوير الربامج (‪ )SDK‬لتسريع إنشاء البيانات‪،‬‬ ‫والتطبيقات‪ ،‬والخربات والخدمات املختلفة»‪.‬‬ ‫وبحسب دهمش فقد طورت أوتوديسك قبل‬ ‫بضع سنوات برنامجا «اللتقاط الواقع» يقدم‬ ‫لفرق العمل منظورا جديدا لعرض جميع تفاصيل‬ ‫املواقع يف وضعها الحايل ومن مكان بعيد‪ .‬وأضاف‬ ‫قائال‪« :‬بذلك يستطيع املختصون وضع خطة‬ ‫سري العمل وتطوير إجراءات السالمة والخدمات‬ ‫اللوجستية للموقع التي تحدد املناطق التي تعاين‬ ‫من ازدحام يف حركة املرور‪ ،‬وأماكن تركيب‬ ‫الرافعات‪ ،‬واملناطق التي سيتم إدخال وإخراج‬ ‫املواد منها»‪.‬‬

‫“من مزايا منصة فورج‬ ‫واجهاتها لبرامج‬ ‫تطبيقات (‪،)API‬‬ ‫وأدواتها لتطوير البرامج‬ ‫(‪ )SDK‬لتسريع إنشاء‬ ‫البيانات‪ ،‬والتطبيقات‪،‬‬ ‫والخبرات والخدمات‬ ‫المختلفة»‪.‬‬ ‫لؤي دهمش‬

‫رئيس شركة أوتوديسك‬ ‫الشرق األوسط‬

‫وأكد دهمش أيضا أن تطبيقات الطائرات بدون‬ ‫طيار سوف تدخل يف العديد من مجاالت قطاع‬ ‫البناء مثل استكشاف األخطاء يف التصاميم‪،‬‬ ‫وتصحيح األخطاء والعيوب والتخطيط املسبق‪،‬‬ ‫فضال عن إنشاء الهياكل دون الحاجة إىل اإلشراف‬ ‫البشري‪ .‬ومن شأن هذا املستوى من األتمتة أن‬ ‫يزيد من الدقة‪ ،‬بصرف النظر عن كفاءة املواد‬ ‫والطاقة‪.‬‬ ‫وتابع بقوله‪« :‬يتم حاليا استخدام الطائرات‬ ‫التجارية بدون طيار “يف الشرق األوسط‪ ،‬وخاصة‬ ‫يف قطر‪ ،‬كأدوات للمسح من قبل الشركات‬ ‫العقارية وقد أثبتت فائدتها يف عمليات تقييم‬ ‫األصول”‪ ،‬مضيفا أنه يعرتف بأن إدخال الطائرات‬ ‫بدون طيار يف عمليات البناء ال يزال مفهوما‬ ‫جديدا نسبيا‪.‬‬ ‫وختم حديثه قائال‪“ :‬من خالل أدوات الحوسبة‬ ‫الصحيحة‪ ،‬يمكن للبنائني أن يحولوا بيانات أجهزة‬ ‫االستشعار إىل نماذج هيكلية ثالثية األبعاد‪،‬‬ ‫وخرائط طوبوغرافية‪ ،‬وقياسات حجمية‪ ،‬وهذه‬ ‫املعلومات مفيدة لرصد مخزون املوارد املكلفة‬ ‫مثل الرمل والحىص‪ .‬وبذلك فإن التكنولوجيا تتيح‬ ‫لشركات البناء نشر املوارد يف موقع العمل بشكل‬ ‫أكرث كفاءة‪ ،‬مع تقليل املخاطر املحتملة‪ ،‬وتقليص‬ ‫التكاليف‪ ،‬والحد من التأخري»‪.‬‬ ‫‪50 CONSTRUCTION TODAY‬‬


‫ابداعات‬ ‫املكتب بدال من السيارات»‪.‬‬ ‫وتحدث فوزي عن أنواع من الطائرات بدون طيار‬ ‫التي تبيعها شركة هوبيز برو قائال‪« :‬لقد قدمنا‬ ‫طائرات بدون طيار لهيئة األشغال العامة‪ ،‬وزودنا‬ ‫مشروع لوسيل بطائرات بدون طيار من نوع‬ ‫فانتوم ‪ .3‬ومن أكرب الطائرات بدون طيار املتوفرة‬ ‫لدينا ‪ S-900‬و ‪S-1000‬وهي تستطيع أن تحمل‬ ‫كامريا كانون ‪ .5D‬ويمكن استخدام الكامريات‬ ‫بجميع أنواعها يف طائرات ‪ DJI‬مثل رد وكانون‬ ‫وباناسونيك وسوين»‪.‬‬ ‫وأضاف فوزي أن شركة هوبيز برو قد أنهت‬ ‫أعمالها املتعلقة بمشروعي «لوسيل» و«جاهز»‬ ‫منذ أكرث من سنة عندما لم تكن القوانني الجديدة‬ ‫قد دخلت حيز التنفيذ بعد وأنه قد قام بنفسه‬ ‫بتشغيل الطائرات بدون طيار يف تلك املناسبات‪.‬‬ ‫لكن ال ُتستخدم الطائرات بدون طيار حاليا إال‬ ‫لتدريب الصقور بسبب القوانني الجديدة‪ .‬وأسوأ‬ ‫ما يف األمر أن تكنولوجيا الطائرات بدون طيار‬ ‫تزداد تقدما يوما بعد يوم‪ ،‬لذا ينبغي عىل املرء أن‬ ‫يطلع باستمرار عىل آخر التحديثات‪ .‬لكن من شأن‬ ‫عدم القدرة عىل استرياد أي يشء مزود بكامريا أن‬ ‫ال يساعد عىل تطوير املعارف‪.‬‬ ‫وشركة فالكون آي درونز ‪Falcon Eye Drones‬‬ ‫التي تتخذ من دبي مقرا لها هي املسؤولة عن توفري‬ ‫الطائرات بدون طيار وحلول خدماتها ملختلف‬ ‫املشاريع يف الشرق األوسط‪ .‬وفالكون آي درونز‬

‫‪DT-18 drone‬‬

‫‪51‬‬

‫‪CONSTRUCTION TODAY‬‬

‫«إن ما يميز المنطقة‬ ‫طقسها الجاف في‬ ‫معظم أيام السنة على‬ ‫الرغم من أن حرارة الصيف‬ ‫يمكن أن تتسبب بتعطل‬ ‫بعض األنظمة‪ .‬غير أن‬ ‫الطائرات الصناعية لشركة‬ ‫فالكون آي درونز تستطيع‬ ‫أن تعمل على مدار العام‬ ‫ربيع بو راشد‬

‫الرئيس التنفيذي‬ ‫لشركة فالكون آي درونز‬

‫هي شريك ملجموعة ديلري‪ -‬تك ‪Delair-Tech‬‬ ‫املتخصصة بالطائرات بدون طيار ومقرها يف تولوز‬ ‫بفرنسا‪.‬‬ ‫وأكد ربيع بو راشد‪ ،‬الرئيس التنفيذي لشركة‬ ‫فالكون آي درونز‪ ،‬أيضا أن التحديات الرئيسية‬ ‫التي يواجهها مشغلو الطائرات بدون طيار يف‬ ‫دول مجلس التعاون الخليجي تتعلق باللوائح‬ ‫والقوانني‪ .‬فالطائرات بدون طيار محظورة تماما‬ ‫يف بعض دول الخليج يف حني أنها يف دول أخرى‬ ‫تتطلب الحصول عىل موافقة لتشغيلها وهي‬ ‫«عملية طويلة ومعقدة»‪.‬‬ ‫وأضاف‪« :‬إن ما يميز املنطقة طقسها الجاف يف‬ ‫معظم أيام السنة عىل الرغم من أن حرارة الصيف‬ ‫يمكن أن تتسبب بتعطل بعض األنظمة‪ .‬غري‬ ‫أن الطائرات الصناعية لشركة فالكون آي درونز‬ ‫تستطيع أن تعمل عىل مدار العام‪ .‬وهناك الكثري‬ ‫مما يمكن القيام به يف هذه املنطقة‪ ،‬لكن ارتفاع‬ ‫الرسوم الحكومية يعيق استخدام طائرات بدون‬ ‫طيار يف مواقع البناء»‪.‬‬ ‫وقد تعاقدت سلطة دبي للمجمعات اإلبداعية مع‬ ‫شركة فالكون آي درونز إلنتاج نموذج رقمي ثاليث‬ ‫األبعاد ملدينة مدينة دبي لالستوديوهات‪ .‬ويقول‬ ‫بو راشد إن ذلك املشروع كان بسيطا ألن املنطقة‬ ‫مسطحة وال توجد ارتفاعات عالية يف املناطق‬ ‫املحيطة بها‪ ،‬كما أن الطقس الجيد يف ذلك اليوم‬ ‫ساعد يف الحصول عىل أفضل النتائج‪.‬‬


‫ابداعات‬ ‫أنه يجب أن تكون هنالك قوانني ملعاقبة املخالفني‬ ‫كما هي الحال بالنسبة لسائقي السيارات»‪.‬‬ ‫وأكد فوزي أنه مع التطورات التكنولوجية بات من‬ ‫املمكن يف هذه األيام تركيب الطائرات بدون طيار‬ ‫بدون أي صعوبات‪ ،‬مضيفا‪« :‬ال حاجة السترياد‬ ‫أي يشء من خارج إذ كل نحتاجه هو محرك‬ ‫وجسم طائرة لرتكيب الطائرة وتثبيت الكامريا‬ ‫عليها‪ .‬وهنالك حاليا الكثري من الطائرات بدون‬ ‫طيار داخل قطر‪”.‬‬ ‫وكشف أن طائرات ‪ DJI‬قد صارت اآلن مزودة‬ ‫بنظام الجديد يحوي وضعية «املنطقة الخطرة»‬ ‫التي تمنع تشغيل الطائرة عندما تدخل مناطق‬ ‫غري مسموح تواجدها فيها كاملطارات ومناطق كبار‬ ‫الشخصيات‪ .‬ومىض قائال‪« :‬إذا قام املرء بتشغيل‬ ‫الطائرة بدون طيار يف منطقة مجاورة لتلك املناطق‬ ‫غري املسموح بها‪ ،‬واقرتبت الطائرة بدون قصد‬ ‫من تلك املناطق فإنها لن تدخلها أبدا حتى لو‬ ‫قمنا بإزالة نظام تحديد املواقع ‪ GPS‬منها‪ .‬وهذه‬ ‫الطائرات بدون طيار متوفرة يف السوق بالفعل‪،‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫وتستخدم هذه امليزة يف الطائرات بدون طيار يف‬

‫لقد تعاقدت سلطة‬ ‫دبي للمجمعات‬ ‫اإلبداعية مع شركة‬ ‫فالكون آي درونز‬ ‫إلنتاج نموذج‬ ‫رقمي ثالثي األبعاد‬ ‫لمدينة مدينة دبي‬ ‫لالستوديوهات‬

‫جميع أنحاء العالم منذ أكرث من عقدين من‬ ‫الزمن‪ .‬وبدون هذه امليزة ال يمكن للمرء أن يحصل‬ ‫عىل رخصة لتشغيل أو بيع الطائرات بدون طيار»‪.‬‬ ‫ولفت فوزي أيضا إىل أنه يوجد اآلن يف دولة‬ ‫اإلمارات العربية املتحدة تطبيق جديد للهاتف‬ ‫الجوال يظهر منطقة الحظر الجوي يف البالد‬ ‫كما أنه يمكن الحصول من خالله عىل جميع‬ ‫املعلومات املطلوبة باستخدام نظام تحديد املواقع‬ ‫الذي يظهر مناطق حظر الطريان‪ .‬ويقدم التطبيق‬ ‫أيضا كافة القواعد املتعلقة بمختلف األماكن‬ ‫مثل املسافة القصوى التي يسمح للطائرات بدون‬ ‫طيار أن تغطيها‪ ،‬إضافة إىل تقديم معلومات‬ ‫حول أنواع الطائرات بدون طيار التي يُسمح‬ ‫باستخدامها‪.‬‬ ‫واستطرد قائال‪“ :‬تمنع أيضا التكنولوجيا الجديدة‬ ‫يف هذه األيام الطائرات بدون طيار من التحطم‪.‬‬ ‫ويف تطور آخر مثري لالهتمام‪ ،‬فقد أصدرت‬ ‫حكومة دبي مؤخرا شريط فيديو يظهر كيف يمكن‬ ‫استخدام الطائرات بدون طيار لنقل الركاب من‬ ‫مكان إىل آخر‪ .‬وهكذا‪ ،‬ففي املستقبل قد نتمكن‬ ‫من استخدام طائرات بدون طيار للذهاب إىل‬ ‫‪ DT18 UAV‬ديلري‪ -‬تك‬ ‫ ‪Delair Tech‬‬

‫‪52 CONSTRUCTION TODAY‬‬


‫ابداعات‬

‫ح‬

‫ّذرت الهيئة العامة للطريان املدين‬ ‫يف قطر يف فرباير من هذا العام‬ ‫مشغيل الطائرات بدون طيار من‬ ‫استخدام هذا النوع من الطائرات‬ ‫دون تصريح مسبق‪ .‬وقد جاء‬ ‫ذلك بعد قرار الهيئة يف مايو من‬ ‫العام املايض الذي حظر االستخدام غري املصرح به‬ ‫«للمركبات الجوية اآللية أو بدون طيار» يف البالد‪.‬‬ ‫ومن جهة أخرى‪ ،‬وبحسب القوانني الجديدة التي‬ ‫دخلت حيز التنفيذ يف الواليات املتحدة ابتداء من‬ ‫أغسطس ‪ ،2016‬سهّلت إدارة الطريان االتحادية‬ ‫األمريكية الحصول عىل التصاريح لتشغيل‬ ‫الطائرات بدون طيار‪ ،‬غري أنه ما تزال توجد بعض‬ ‫القيود مثل تحديد الوزن األقىص املسموح به‬ ‫للطائرات بدون طيار بـ ‪ 25‬كجم‪.‬‬

‫يف العام املايض أصبح من الصعب جدا استرياد‬ ‫هذه الطائرات إىل قطر‪ .‬غري أن هذه املشاكل‬ ‫املتعلقة بالطائرات بدون طيار ال تقتصر عىل‬ ‫قطر فحسب وإنما هي موجودة يف جميع أنحاء‬ ‫العالم‪ .‬ويحتاج املرء للحصول عىل موافقات من‬ ‫وزارة الداخلية والهيئة العامة للطريان املدين‪،‬‬ ‫والتي يمكن أن تستغرق وقتا طويال‪ .‬وقد خسرنا‬ ‫مشروعا يتعلق بيوم قطر الوطني للرياضة ألننا‬ ‫لم نقدم طلب الحصول عىل املوافقات ألن ذلك‬ ‫يتطلب أسبوعني عىل األقل ولم يكن لدينا الكثري‬ ‫من الوقت‪ .‬فعىل املرء أن يحصل عىل موافقة‬ ‫منفصلة لكل مشروع حيث ينبغي أن يتضمن‬ ‫الطلب العديد من التفاصيل مثل موقع الطريان‬ ‫ووقته وما إىل ذلك»‪.‬‬ ‫غري أن فوزي يتفهم قضايا السالمة واألمن‬

‫لكن ما مدى أهمية وضع األمور يف نصابها‬ ‫الصحيح فيما يتعلق باستخدام الطائرات بدون‬ ‫طيار يف مواقع البناء؟ بحسب أحمد فوزي‪ ،‬مدير‬ ‫عام شركة برو هوبيز ‪ ،Pro Hobbies‬وهي املوزع‬ ‫الوحيد للطائرات بدون طيار يف قطر‪ ،‬فإن الهيئة‬ ‫العامة للطريان املدين يف قطر تعمل جاهدة عىل‬ ‫تنفيذ القوانني الجديدة التي ستجعل استخدام‬ ‫الطائرات بدون طيار يتم بطريقة آمنة يف البالد‬ ‫حيث سيتم إصدار القوانني الناظمة لذلك يف وقت‬ ‫قريب‪ .‬لكن حتى ذلك الحني فإن األمور ستكون‬ ‫صعبة‪.‬‬ ‫وكشف فوزي أيضا أنه يستطيع تشغيل طائرات‬ ‫بدون طيار يف دبي ألن لديه رخصة لذلك حصل‬ ‫عليها من وزارة االقتصاد والتجارة القطرية‪ ،‬وأن‬ ‫تشغيل مثل هذه الطائرات هناك ال يتطلب سوى‬ ‫إعطاء الجهات املعنية إشعارا بذلك قبل أسبوع‪،‬‬ ‫قائال‪« :‬ال يوجد يف قطر أي ترخيص أو عملية‬ ‫تسجيل‪ ،‬لذلك ليس هنالك لوحة أرقام لتعليقها‬ ‫عىل الطائرات بدون طيار‪ .‬وتصنف قطر الطائرات‬ ‫بدون طيار حتى اآلن يف فئة األلعاب وال توجد أية‬ ‫قوانني الستخدامها التجاري يف البالد‪ .‬والستخدام‬ ‫الطائرات بدون طيار كهواية‪ ،‬عىل املرء أن يحصل‬ ‫عىل ترخيص من مركز قطر للرياضات الالسلكية‬ ‫حيث يتوجب عليه أن ينتسب إىل دورة تدريبية يف‬ ‫حال إخفاقه يف االختبار»‪.‬‬ ‫ويقول فوزي الذي تبيع شركته طائرات من نوع‬ ‫‪ DJI‬لعمالئها‪« :‬نحن الوحيدون املصرح لهم‬ ‫باسترياد وتوزيع الطائرات بدون طيار يف قطر‪ .‬لكن‬ ‫‪53‬‬

‫‪CONSTRUCTION TODAY‬‬

‫«ال يوجد في قطر‬ ‫أي ترخيص أو عملية‬ ‫تسجيل‪ ،‬لذلك ليس‬ ‫هنالك لوحة أرقام‬ ‫لتعليقها على الطائرات‬ ‫بدون طيار‪ .‬وتصنف‬ ‫قطر الطائرات بدون‬ ‫طيار حتى اآلن في فئة‬ ‫األلعاب وال توجد أية‬ ‫قوانين الستخدامها‬ ‫التجاري في البالد‪.‬‬ ‫أحمد فوزي‬

‫مدير عام شركة برو هوبيز‬

‫املتعلقة بالطائرات بدون طيار التي دفعت‬ ‫السلطات يف البالد إىل إصدار قوانني صارمة إذ‬ ‫يقول‪« :‬يمكن للطائرات بدون طيار أن تأيت بنتائج‬ ‫عكسية إذا ما اس ُتخدمت استخداما خاطئا‪.‬‬ ‫وينبغي للقوانني أن تأخذ بعني االعتبار مدى‬ ‫مهارة مستخدمي هذا النوع من الطائرات‪ ،‬كما‬


‫ابداعات‬

‫(بقلم أودايان ناغ)‬

‫التحليق في السماء‬

‫‪Matrice 600 drone‬‬

‫تناقش اإلنشاءات اليوم التحديات التي يواجهها مشغلو الطائرات بدون طيار يف دول‬ ‫مجلس التعاون الخليجي واألنواع املختلفة للطائرات بدون طيار التي ُتستخدم يف بعض‬ ‫املشاريع الرئيسية يف املنطقة‪.‬‬

‫‪54 CONSTRUCTION TODAY‬‬


Construction Today issue 3  
Construction Today issue 3  

The pace of Qatar’s construction activities refuses to relent, and it comes as no surprise that the demand for building materials in the cou...

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