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VOL. 62 – NO. 1128


MAY 5, 1997

Archbishop at Presidents’ Summit on Volunteerism Leadership 100 Conference

PHILADELPHIA. – The nation witnessed a gathering of 5,000 people in Philadelphia late last month that promoted a message which the Church’s faithful have put into practice for decades in this country — volunteerism. “The Presidents’ Summit for America’s Future” brought together an array of prominent Americans, including Honorary Chairman President Clinton, and former Presidents George Bush, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter; Nancy Reagan, who represented President Reagan, Gen. Colin Powell, the chairman, and Arch-

In Your light, we ask You to renew our faith in one another; to renew our commitment to help each other; and to renew our firm belief that we are all brothers and sisters united in Your love. bishop Spyridon, one of 10 cochairs, to name a few, to enlist public support and volunteers to help two million children with the wave of problems faced by our nation’s youth. Among other Greek Orthodox participants at the April 27-29 event were Frs. Angelo Artemas, Archdiocese director of Youth and Young Adult Ministries, Fr. Robert J. Archon, pastor of Annunciation Church, Elkins Park, Pa.; a 17-year-old parishioner, Tara Topakas; and Fr. John Bakas, dean of St. Sophia Cathedral, Los Angeles. His Eminence attended a brunch on Monday, April 28, and offered the invocation at the beginning of the closing session in front of Independence Hall on the 29th. Over the past several months, scores of organizations were asked to make a commitment to the endeavor. Among these was the Archdiocese, which, as reported in two recent issues of Newsweek magazine, has pledged to assist one needy child per 10 families in each of the 450 parishes. His Eminence also issued a challenge to other churches, including the Baptists and Roman Catholics to match that ratio. Following the brunch Archbishop Spyridon participated in a roundtable discussion with the Presidents, governors, religious, civic and business leaders and chairmen, to discuss the Summit’s goal: to mobilize millions of citizens and thousands of organizations to make effective citizen service an integral part of the American way of life. Prior to this meeting, His Eminence prayed at St. George Cathedral and returned to St. George in the afternoon to visit the Senior Citizens Complex and to meet with the Greek Orthodox faithful of Philadelphia. Among the Greek Orthodox participants, Arriana Huffington, a member of the event steering committee, said she was pleased with the summit. “I thought the summit was incredibly successful in focusing attention on the problems of the millions of

See VOLUNTEERISM, on page 3

BOSTON. – This past week, the Leadership 100 Endowment Fund of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America held its sixth annual conference in Boston. Chairman Arthur Anton, Co-chairs Eve Condakes and George Safiol and the entire Host Committee sought to make this event a celebration of Hellenic College/Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology. Over 210 participants from all across the country gathered to discuss the future of our School and of the Church.

PHILADELPHIA. ARCHBISHOP SPYRIDON gives the invocation at the April 29 session of the Presidents’ Summit for America’s Future in front of Independence Hall in Philadelphia. Joining him on the podium are first lady Hillary Clinton, former President and Mrs. George Bush, Gen. Colin Powell and other prominent Americans. More than 5,000 persons attended the three-day event, including several Greek Orthodox representatives. (Orthodox Observer photo)

GOTelecom Wins 2nd Emmy Award

NEW YORK. – Greek Orthodox Telecom- in 1994 the documentary “History of Ormunications (GOTelecom), the television thodox Christianity” was nominated. The Emmy awards are presented by the ministry of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, has won an Emmy award for Out- New York Chapter of the National Academy standing Religious Programming for the docu- of Television Arts and Sciences. All entries are judged by television professionals from Chimentary “Iakovos: A Legacy”. The award was announced on April 27 cago, Miami, Philadelphia and Hollywood. Presenters at the awards dinner in(Easter Sunday) during the awards dinner in cluded New York Mayor New York. Rudolph Giuliani, first GOTelecom’s prolady of the state of New duction team consists of York Libby Pataki, past Nicholas Furris (proand present New York ducer/director), George Yankees Joe DiMaggio, Pofantis (producer/wriJoe Torre, and Wade ter) and Marissa P. CostiBoggs; actors Douglas dis (coordinating proFairbanks Jr., Nell Carter, ducer). GOTelecom’s Madeline Kahn, Kim program was among Zimmer and others. four entries, the other GOTelecom has three were of the visit of produced over 130 reliPope John Paul II. gious, educational and In receiving the cultural programs since award Ms. Costidis and 1989. It has also been Mr. Pofantis thanked the responsible for live Academy members for recognizing GOTele- George Pofantis and Marissa P. Costidis transmissions, such as the Enthronement Cercom’s work, the Leadership 100 Endowment Fund which spon- emony of Archbishop Spyridon from New sored the entire production through a York and the Sunday of Orthodoxy Celebra$100,000 grant, the Archdiocese and tion from the Ecumenical Patriarchate. The Presbytera Nikki Stephanopoulos, executive programs air on the Odyssey Channel, a religious cable network that reaches 35 milconsultant. This was the third Emmy nomination lion homes around the country. More information on GOTelecom and for GOTelecom. The program “A Light Still Bright: The Ecumenical Patriarchate” was a catalog of its programs, can be obtained nominated and won the award in 1991, and by calling toll-free 1-800-888-6835.

By Fr. Mark Arey On Wednesday, the Board of Trustees held one of its two annual meetings, presided over by His Eminence, Archbishop Spyridon, who had also presided over the meeting of the Executive Committee beforehand. These meetings comprised the official business of Leadership 100 and were distinguished by the equanimity and purposefulness of their deliberations. Later that evening, His Eminence was welcomed by the Board of Trustees at a special dinner hosted by Arthur and Madeline Anton. On Thursday, at a breakfast hosted by Chris and Mary Papoutsy, His Eminence delivered a powerful keynote address. In that address, he praised the unique character of the Fund. “Our “Leadership 100” family is also a vital family. The true genius of this Major Endowment Fund of the Greek Orthodox Church in America is the proactive nature of the Fund. By proactive, I mean that “Leadership 100” is an agent of change and growth in our Archdiocese. By using the dedicated income from the restricted, permanent and inviolate principal of the fund to seed and nurture various programs around the country, we invigorate the life of the Church on a national level. “Leadership 100” is not some kind of “rainy day” fund. Rather, it is an essential component of the infrastructure of our Church as She prepares to embark upon the Third Millennium of the Christian Faith. My friends, you know as well as I do, that if we do not plant the seeds of our Faith, culture and heritage in our children today, there will be no harvest for them tomorrow. Do you remember the story of the Patriarch Joseph in the Holy Scripture; how he stored up grain in Egypt for seven years in preparation for the years of famine that God had shown him through a dream? Believe me, although we live in the wealthiest country on earth, we are in the midst of a serious spiritual famine, in which we are at great risk losing the next generation to the life of our Church. Your vision, like the dream of the Prophet Joseph, is the vision which created “Leadership 100”. You have taken care to set something aside for the future. I am sure that in Joseph’s day, it was an enormous sacrifice to store up such a huge quantity of grain to last the people of Egypt a full seven years. Your sacrifice is not for the next seven years, but for the next Millennium! Therefore, your sacrifice must be a shared sacrifice. Leadership 100 must and will continue to be a growing family. All of our work, our energy, our resources, our plans, our agendas, our organized efforts — they must all

See LEADERSHIP, on page 4




MAY 5, 1997


Archdiocesan Health and Retirement Plan Report The Archdiocese Pension Plan

The Archdiocese Pension Plan, since its inception in 1973, has made great strides. Today there are 529 priests actively participating and 194 priests and presbyteres receiving retirement benefits.

By Fr. Constantine Eliades The plan covers all the clergy and the lay employees of the Archdiocese, the Dioceses and Hellenic College/Holy Cross School of Theology. It is an all encompassing program that is funded by a monthly contribution from the priests of 2 1/2 percent of their salary and from the parishes of $260. The contribution is used to fund: 1. The Benevolence Account which provides destitute or between assignments priests and presbyteres a subsistence and/ or health insurance payment. This amounted to $231,836 for 1995 and it is expected to exceed that in 1996. 2. The Disability Plan which provides that members who are disabled would receive 60 percent of their basic monthly sal-

Inside 75th Anniversary —15 Archdiocese News — 2-3 Books — 18 Challenge — 19 Church Music — 20 Patriarchate — 5 HC/HC Report — 17 Holy Week — 24 Leadership 100 — 4 National & World Review — 6 Opinions — 8 Orthodoxy Worldwide — 7 Pan Orthodox — 21 Parish Profile — 17 Tell Me Father — 9

USPS 412340

ISSN 0731-2547

Published by the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. Semi-monthly in March, April, May, June, October and November, and monthly in January, February, July, August, September and December. ADVISORY COMMITTEE: Fr. Angelo Artemas, Jerry Dimitriou, Fr. John Heropoulos, Fr. Alexander Karloutsos, Nicholas Manginas, Paulette Poulos, Presv. Nikki Stephanopoulos.

DIRECTOR & EXECUTIVE EDITOR: Constantine Deligiannis EDITOR IN CHIEF: Jim Golding (Chryssoulis) PRODUCTION & ADVERTISING MANAGER: Stavros H. Papagermanos SECRETARY: Sophia Lahana Periodicals’ postage paid at New York, NY 10001 and at additional mailing offices. Editorial and Business Office: 8 East 79th Street, New York, NY 10021. Phone (212) 628-2590, 628-2675. FAX (212) 570-4005. The Orthodox Observer is produced entirely in-house. A selection of past articles can be found on the Internet, at http:// Articles do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America which are expressed in official statements so labeled. Subscription rates are $5.50 per year. Canada $25.00. Overseas $35.00 per year. Overseas Air Mail, $75.00 per year. $1.00 per copy. Subscriptions for the membership of the Greek Orthodox Church in America are paid through their contribution to the Archdiocese. Of this contribution, $3.00 is forwarded to the Orthodox Observer. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to ORTHODOX OBSERVER, 8 East 79th Street, New York, NY 10021

ary, up to a maximum of $2,000 per month when combined with Social Security and disability pension payments. 3. The Pension Plan which is a defined benefit plan and is actuarially evaluated every year. It is currently funded at 100 percent and has over $35 million in assets. The pension benefit is based on a formula that calculates a percentage of the member’s salary over the entire career of covered service. It works out to approximately 2 percent of salary per year of service. An amount equal to the pension the member would be entitled to at retirement is set aside for him in the annual actuarial evaluation that is done by William M. Mercer & Co. (a renowned actuarial firm). The Pension Plan is a qualified plan under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and meets the Federal Government ERISA (Employee Retirement Income Security Act) requirements. 4. The Life Insurance Plan which is administered by Anthem Health and Life Insurance Company provides for two times annual salary with a minimum of $30,000 and a maximum of $150,000 paid to whomever the member designates as beneficiary. 5. The Accidental Death and Dismemberment Insurance Plan which is administrated by the CIGNA Insurance Company provides $200,000 up to age 74; $90,000 for ages 75 to 79; $60,000 for ages 80 to 84; and $30,000 for age 85 and over. 6. The Business Travel Accident Insurance Plan which is also administered by CIGNA, should a member die while traveling on business, provides for five times annual salary up to a maximum of $300,000, with $50,000 for the spouse, if she is accompanying him. 7. The Personal Assistance Program in conjunction with Charles Nechtem Associates, a private counseling service, is a confidential counseling and referral program designed to help priests and their immediate family members deal with personal problems before they reach crisis proportions. They assist in solving problems dealing with marriage, parenting issues, illness or death, financial problems, legal issues and other emotional stresses. The overall business and affairs of the benefit plans are guided, controlled and managed by the Archdiocese Benefits Committee which consists of one representative chosen from each of the dioceses. They meet twice a year. Current representatives are: Fr. Peter Karloutsos, chairman New York; Fr. James Moulketis, vice chairman, New Jersey; Fr. Steven Kyriacou, secretary, San Francisco; Fr. Panagiotis Giannakopoulos, New England; Fr. Constantine Avlekos, Detroit; Fr.

Gabriel Karambis, Chicago; Fr. John Loejos, Denver; Fr. Michael Kontogiorgis, Pittsburgh; Fr. Chris Metropulos, Atlanta; and as non-voting members Fr. Constantine Eliades, director of the Benefits Office; Fr. Evagoras Constantinides, representing the Retired Clergy; Presbytera Margaret Orfanakos, president of the Presvyteres Sisterhood and Tom Monfried, legal counsel. Among their most important functions is to appoint three members each to the Administration Committee and Investment Committee under the Retirement Plan, and to the Orthodox Health Plan. An additional three members to the above Committees are appointed by Archbishop Spyridon. Currently serving on the Investment Committee which is responsible for the management and control of the assets of the Retirement Plan are: Fathers James Moulketis, chairman; Michael Kontogiorgis, Costas Sitaras, Messers. Alex Anagnos, Jim Chanos, Peter Vlachos, and as advisors, Messers. Michael Jaharis, Alex Zagoreos, Constantine G. Caras, George Foussianes, and Tom Monfried. The Administration Committee, which is responsible for the administration and operation of the Retirement Plan, consists of Fathers Gabriel Karambis, Chairman Peter Karloutsos, Costas Sitaras, Messers Tom Monfried, Michael Marks and Jerry Dimitriou. We are indeed honored and fortunate to have such prominent fund managers, attorneys, analysts and executives of prominent corporations from the business com-

Early in 1995, several members of the Archdiocesan Council, and later, His Eminence Archbishop Iakovos, asked that I serve as Chairman of a fund raising effort to build a library at Hellenic College/Holy Cross School of Theology. I accepted for a very simple and singular reason - there was a need for a new, technologically superior library to help foster and perpetuate Orthodox Christianity and Hellenism as we approach the new century.

1. $500,000 cash (collected in earlier efforts) 2. $4.2 million in a trust - to be used exclusively for the library. 3. $6,000,000 in pledges 4. $1,000,000 commitment from Leadership 100, ($100,000 annually for 10 years) The first payment is included in Item 2. Payments in 1997 and 1998 will apply to the construction of the Library ($200,000). The balance of $700,000 over the last 7 years will help defray the operating costs of the library each year. Original plans called for completion of the project in time for the fall semester of 1997. Circumstances have resulted in a rescheduling, and completion is now scheduled for late summer 1998. More than 600 have endorsed the library through contributions ranging from $10 to $1 million. Shortly, His Eminence Archbishop Spyridon will officially authorize construction; His Eminence enthusiastically supports the library project as indicated in a letter

munity taking time from their busy schedules to offer their services without any compensation whatsoever. We are indeed grateful to them and pray the Lord keep them healthy and well so that they could continue to offer their talents for many years to come.

The Archdiocese Health Plan The Health Insurance Plan was born in 1980 out of necessity to have a uniform and comprehensive health coverage for all the clergy wherever they were serving. It further allowed clergy to transfer among the dioceses with no lapse in coverage and without exclusions for pre-existing conditions. It is a comprehensive health plan that includes doctor office visits, emergency care, hospitalization, rehabilitation and skilled nursing care and mental health and substance abuse services. In addition it has a Prescription Drug Plan and a Dental Benefits Plan. The cost for this Health Insurance is borne by the Parish. The Orthodox Health Plan, as it is called, currently has 607 participants with their families. Committee chairman is Fr. Costas Sitaras, with Frs. Alexander Leondis, Constantine Eliades and James Moulketis as members. Clergy participation in the Archdiocese Health Insurance Plan is mandatory according to the Uniform Parish Regulations. It was felt that only with participation of all the clergy could the Archdiocese be assured that priests’ medical needs were being covered while also qualifying for better group rates and uniform coverage-especially for pre-existing conditions.

Greets queen (D. Panagos photo) Archbishop Spyridon greets Queen Sophia of Spain who accompanied her husband, King Juan Carlos (center), to an Appeal of Conscience Foundation dinner April 10 in New York. The king was presented the Foundation’s World Statesman Award.

Progress Report on Archbishop Iakovos Library

By John W. Georgas Preliminary plans were already underway and initial costs prepared. After review and discussion, it was agreed to cut-back $1 million from the initial estimate and to establish a $6 million budget $5 million was budgeted for construction and $1 million for equipment and furnishings. This budget includes the cost to construct an archive center and to convert the old library to a faculty center. The following is a summary of our current financial picture.

written to me dated January 15, 1997. In the near future, we shall re-ignite our fund raising effort to 1) collect the additional monies required to complete the project and 2) help provide for annual operating costs We urge all to consider again this effort and make your contribution - if you have not already done so. WELCOME TO THE


Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America: Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople: http://www. Orthodox World News: http://www. Orthodox Ministry ACCESS: Orthodox Observer: http://www.goarch. org/goa/observer

MAY 5, 1997



Summit on Volunteerism from page 1 people at risk in this country and galvanizing the nation to get involved in providing solutions.” Fr. Archon, who attended the prayer service on Easter Sunday, said he was “honored to be there. Fr. Archon had accompanied Tara Topakas, a teen-ager from his parish, who offered a prayer prepared by Archdiocese. Fr. John Bakas said “the participants who knew of the Greek Orthodox commitment for the President’s call for volunteerism in America was received extremely well and is setting the standard for other churches to emulate. It is a very doable thing for all our parishes.” Following is the text of the Archbishop’s invocation: “As we bow our heads, Lord of Power and Light, we give thanks to you that you have allowed us to come together and share in a National call that we more truly love our sisters and brothers and daily show more understanding and compassion for one another. In your light you make all things new. As we gather together at Independence Hall, illumine us to see that our personal independence is based upon our mutually respectful interdependence as citizens of this Great Country. In Your light, we ask You to renew our faith in one another; to renew our commitment to help each other; and to renew our firm belief that we are all brothers and sisters united in Your love. We thank You, O Lord, that You have inspired women and men of good will to assemble these days, so that by seeing Your image in our neigh-

bor we may commit ourselves, our resources and our creativity to being a more loving and nurturing Nation. Lord, You brought the children close to you and comforted their pain and embraced their innocence. We remember your words at this Summit, that if we are to enter into the glory of Your Kingdom we must become as one of these children. Let us this day be mindful that we must use the talents and resources which come from You alone to provide for the needs of these, our Neglected Children, Your “angels” who abide with us here on earth. Bless our President, and Presidents Ford, Carter, Reagan and Bush and General Colin Powell and all the civil authorities and all those who contributed their time, talent and treasure to make this a historical moment in the history of our blessed country. Lord, as we leave this city of Philadelphia, let us truly depart as “filoi” - friends and “adelphia” sisters and brothers. Let us depart as did Peter and John and Mary and Salome, when they saw with souls filled with joy the brilliant light of the empty tomb on that first Easter morning. Let us depart as did Thomas with a bold faith, after he encountered you in the upper room. And finally let us depart this city and return to every corner of this great land with hearts burning with love for you and one another, as did Luke and Cleopas and Martha and Mary when you opened up for them the sacred scriptures. Be with us, bless us and give us strength, for your Name is Holy, now and always and to the close of the ages. Amen.”

Archbishop Protests Seizure of Church Property in Jerusalem

NEW YORK (RNS) – A dispute between the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem and the Palestinian Islamic Authority centering on an incident in April has been resolved, following a protest by Archbishop Spyridon to Israel’s prime minister and Jerusalem’s mayor that they intervene in the dispute. The controversy was sparked by three incidents: the construction of two lavatories by the Muslims in close proximity to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, the occupation of two rooms the church had been using in the Christian Quarter of Jerusalem’s Old City (Church officials said the rooms are part of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate), and the discovery of a newly dug tunnel on Holy Wednesday under the Church of the Holy Sepulcher which led to a nearby mosque. Officials located the tunnel after a section of the church floor above

the tunnel collapsed. Jerusalem’s Muslim Waqf, the Palestinian Islamic authority in the city, claimed it owned the rooms. The situation came to a head on April 15 when Muslim workmen, who were renovating the mosque that adjoins the Patriarchate — which is near the Church of the Holy Sepulchre — allegedly broke into the two rooms, removed their contents and took possession. In identical letters sent on April 16 to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Jerusalem Mayor Ehud Olmert, Archbishop Spyridon said the church “should not be subject to such violent actions.” He urged Netanyahu and Olmert to use their powers to settle the matter so “that peace may once again be restored.” The Palestinians evacuated the two rooms a few days later.



Ellis Island Medal Bestowed Upon His Eminence

NEW YORK. – Archbishop Spyridon and several other distinguished members of the Greek American community received the Ellis Island Medal of Honor at ceremonies on May 4. The annual award was established by the National Coalition of Ethnic Organizations, representing some 75 groups. Since it was first awarded in 1986, more than 700 persons have been honored with the medal, among them Presidents Nixon, Ford, Carter and Reagan, New York Gov. George Pataki, and hundreds of business leaders, celebrities and other prominent Americans. (Dimitri Panagos photo)

Archdiocesan Council Legal Committee Formed

NEW YORK – Archbishop Spyridon has announced the formation of an Archdiocesan Council Legal Committee, comprised of the following members: Theodore Theophilos, general counsel, Barrington Hills, Ill.; Emmanuel Demos, legal counselor, New York; Simos C. Dimas, Mount Vernon, N.Y.; John M. Mavroudis, Alpine, N.J.; and Catherine Bouffides Walsh, Glastonbury,

Conn. The committee is tasked with ensuring that the Archdiocese receives professional and accurate legal opinions on any issues facing the Church. His Eminence said he believes that the members of this new committee will be vigilant in offering their expertise and guidance to the Church.



Spiritual Odyssey Program Includes Patriarchal Audience

Among the highlights awaiting young adults traveling to Greece and Constantinople for the Spiritual Odyssey program of Ionian Village will be an audience with His All Holiness Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, according to Michael Pappas, Ionian Village director. While in Constantinople, the participants will tour the Byzantine monuments of the city. Using Ionian Village as home base, the young adults also will travel to ancient Olympia, the island of Zakynthos, the city of Patras, ancient Delphi, the Monastery of Mega Spilion, Kalavrita, Agia Lavra and Ossios Loukas Monastery. The last three days of the program will be spent in the city of Athens. The itinerary

will include the Acropolis, the Monastiraki, Cape Sounion and the Saronic islands of Aegina, Hydra and Poros. Spiritual Odyssey is a journey back to the roots of a Greek Orthodox Christian’s faith and culture. According to Mr. Pappas, young adults from the United States and Canada can experience for themselves the timeless treasures of Orthodoxy in a land that has always been Orthodox and the wealth of Hellenism in its birthplace. “Lifelong friendships, a greater understanding of our faith and an appreciation for our culture are all a part of the Spiritual Odyssey experience,” he said. “Join the thousands of young adults that have had the experience of a lifetime at Ionian Village.”




Leadership 100

MAY 5, 1997

Leadership 100 Conference

Bearing Fruit that Remains

“You have not chosen Me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you that you should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain; that whatever you ask the Father in My Name, He may give it to you” (John 5:16) Over the past 14 years since the beginnings of Leadership 100, a host of grants has been given totaling nearly $3 million. In a previous article, those grants were listed in groupings as follows:

By Fr. Mark Arey GOTelecom (production and broadcast of various television programs) ............ 597,500 Hellenic College/Holy Cross ............. 450,000 I.O.C.C ............................................. 450,000 Missions (Domestic and Foreign) .... 273,782 Patriarch’s Visit ................................ 250,000 Youth Ministry .................................. 162,230 Youth Ministry - ACCESS ................ 115,000 HC/Holy Cross Library Fund ............ 100,000 ($1,000,000 commitment over 10 years) Archdiocese Communications (Archbishop Iakovos documentary) .... 99,680 Religious Education ........................... 81,358 Radio Ministry .................................... 75,409 Presbyters Council Benevolent Fund 44,250 Patriarch Athenagoras Retreat Center. 25,000 Patriarch Athenagoras Orthodox Institute ............................... 25,000 St. Nicholas Church (Earthquake)....... 25,000 Orthodox Christian Assoc. of Medicine, Psychology, and Religion ................... 12,500 Stewardship Ministry ............................ 7,536 Total .............................................. 2,794,245

These grants and the programs they represent are the direct result of the participation of committed Greek Orthodox Christians who love and cherish the Church of the parents and grandparents, but want to make sure that it is there for the children and grandchildren. That’s what Leadership 100 is really about — people, all the people of the Church and their needs, hopes and future. The basic need of all people is nourishment — material, emotional and spiritual nourishment. Thus the Lord gave to all of us the symbol and icon of Himself as the True Vine, the source and root of all nourishment, whether it be of the body, mind, heart, soul, or spirit. We have His command to go forth and His promise that we shall bear fruit which will remain, which will abide forever. Moreover, bearing this fruit in abundance is proof of our discipleship, our relation to Him, and the glory of the Father (ch 15, v. 8). Leadership 100 recognizes that its vocation is to bear such fruit, and not only as an investment in financial concerns, but as real life consequences in the lives of real people. The fruit of Leadership 100 is more than an interest bearing account or a stock dividend. When our Lord spoke of bearing fruit, He gave His greatest commandment: “This is My commandment; that you love one another, as I have loved you.” (St. John 15:12) The fruits of Leadership 100 are the ministries which have affected the lives of thousands of Greek Orthodox Faithful. These are fruits which can be shared, which can nourish and sustain souls longing for a deeper relationship with God, which are examples and commitments of love. Consider the funding of GOTelecom. Through the productions, broadcasts and videos, the experience and life of the Church has been brought into tens, if not hundreds, of thousands of homes. On television sets across our Archdiocese, where there was only bad news and very often the worst portrayals of humankind,

GOTelecom provides the Good News of the Risen Christ. The grants of Leadership 100 have the concrete effect of enabling the medium of television become the instrument of spiritual education and inspiration. These end results are fruits, which bring forth other fruits in their season. Leadership 100 employs the age old principle of “You reap what you sow.” Through GOTelecom, Leadership 100 is sowing and propagating the Greek Orthodox Faith in a medium usually reserved for entertainment and secular educational purposes at best. The same could be said for every other grant that Leadership has made. Consider the monies that have been granted to Missions, International Orthodox Christian Charities (IOCC), and the Clergy and retired Clergy benevolent funds. The Gospel is preached, the hungry are fed, the poor are ministered to. These are signs of the Kingdom, the evidence that the Kingdom of God is dawning in our very midst. This is ultimately the purpose of Leadership 100. In the by-laws of Leadership 100, we read the following, that the funds shall: “. . . serve as a perpetual endowment for seeding and nurturing programs under the National Ministries which advance Orthodoxy and the Hellenic heritage.” This is just another way of saying that Leadership 100 is a means to an end, and that end is the Kingdom of God. The National Ministries of our Holy Archdiocese, in whatever form they take, are designed to enrich and imbue the lives of the people of our Holy Archdiocese. They are designed to extend in every facet of our lives the mystery of the Risen Christ, Who is alive in us by the power of the Holy Spirit and infused in each of us through Baptism and Chrismation, even as we have been incorporated into the Body of Christ, the Church. We know from our experience of the natural world that each kind of fruit produces its own kind. This is even mentioned at the beginning of Holy Scripture in the Book of Genesis (chapter 1, verse 12). Leadership 100 applies this same divine/natural principle to its own operation; both in grant-making and in fund-raising. In grant-making, Leadership 100 is striving to discover new and innovative ministries which bring the same message of Christ through the Church and to the world. We want to hear from individuals and groups whose efforts are at one with the common mission of the Church, and who believe wholeheartedly in the power of the Risen Christ. Perhaps the finest example of this is the support Leadership 100 has shown to the ACCESS program. Once just a part of the Youth Ministry, and then and office on its own; now it is a fullfledged Department of the Archdiocese: The Department of Internet Ministries. In fund-raising, Leadership 100 applies the same principle. People join Leadership because they share the vision; they share the same hopes. Ultimately, they share the same love of God, which can only create love and which fills the world with the knowledge that He so loved the world, that He gave His Only-begotten Son to suffer, die and rise again that we may live in His inexpressible light.

ARCHBISHOP SPYRIDON addresses the meeting of Leadership 100 members at their spring conference at Holy Cross School of Theology. Also pictured are (l.tor.) George Kokalis, Theodore Theophilos and Arthur Anton. (D. Panagos photos)

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be seen in this light, which shines more brightly than any sun. I am convinced, my beloved friends and family in Christ, that whatever works we are called to perform must be done in that light; so that they may be pure, righteous and acceptable in the sight of God. You, who have accepted the challenge to be part of “Leadership 100”, have accepted this challenge as well. Now you must take that challenge and carry it to others.” Thursday concluded with a magnificent dinner in honor of His Eminence Archbishop Spyridon at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, hosted by George and Margo Behrakis (who donated a Revere bowl to all of the participants as well). At the dinner, His Eminence presented the awards to the New and Fulfilled Members of Leadership 100. The New Members who received the Icon, “Christ, the True Vine”, were: In Memory of Anna K. Bouras / Nicholas J. Bouras; Mr. Chris W. and Mrs. Joan Caras; Mr. Elias and Mrs. Katie Chinonis; Ms. Eugenia Collias; Dr. George and Mrs. Carol Anne Galifianakis; Mr. Minos Kyriakou; (accepting for him - Ms. Alexandra Spyridakis); In Memory of Sophie and Constantine Louis Malevitis; Mr. Louis G. Malevitis / Mrs. Marion Malevitis Gouvis; Mr. Paul C. and Mrs. Mary Ann Mallis; Mr. John G. and Mrs. Maxine Mathrusse; Mr. Basil J. and Mrs. Betty W. Mezines; Mr. Chris T. and Mrs. Joan Panopoulos; Mr. Nicholas J. and Mrs. Litsa Pantazes; Mr. James and Mrs. Lillian Thomas Styliades. The Associate Members were: Mr. George E. Johnson II; Ms. Thalia M. Karakitsios; Mr. Aristotle N. Kornaros; Mr. Alexander Siafacas; Not present but other New and Associate Members were: Leadership 100 Members: In Memory of Panagiotis Argyropoulos / James P. Argyropoulos; Dr. Spyros and Mrs. Marian Catechis; Mr. John Politis; Syngelidis Group SA; Mr. Poly Syngelidis / Dr. Dennis Koutros; Mr. Theodore Theophilos; Mr. Savas C. Tsivicos. Associate Members: Mr. Nicholas C. Agathis; Mr. Achilles

N. and Mrs. Snezana Kornaros. His Eminence also presented the Obelisk of Excellence to the newly fulfilled members: Mr. George C. and Mrs. Ursula Andreas; Mr. Constantine G. and Dr. Maria Caras; Mrs. Beck C. Demery; Mr. Peter E. and Mrs. Anne Kostorizos; Mr. William H. and Mrs. Dina Oldknow; Styliades Hellenic Orthodox Foundation, Inc. / Mr. James Thomas Styliades; Mr. James and Mrs. Lillian Thomas Styliades; Mr. Stephen G. and Mrs. Thelma S. Yeonas. In addition, the following newly fulfilled Members were given due mention: Mr. George L. Argyros; Dr. William J. and Mrs. Constance S. Collis; Mr. Peter G. Demetriades; Mr. Sergei Kampakis; Mr. Spiros N. Milonas; Mr. Christos Papoutsy; Steve Pilafas Estate / Mrs. Irene Pilafas Pappas; Steve Pilafas Estate / Dr. James S. Pilafas; Mrs. Eva Vardakis. On Friday, the Feast of the Life-giving Fountain, the participants were transported to the grounds of Hellenic College / Holy Cross for a full and rewarding day. They began by participating in the Divine Liturgy in the beautiful Byzantine chapel which overlooks the campus. After Divine Liturgy, a breakfast was served, which was hosted by Charles and Sophia Poulos (who also hosted the luncheon at the Maliotis Cultural Center). The day was filled with talks by faculty and staff, as well as interaction with many of the students. Leadership 100 Members were visibly moved by the devotion of the students and the efforts of our School. James and Angela Paulos of Dallas, Texas were so moved that they made a surprise grant of $500,000 to the School, which was announced at the conclusion of the day’s events. Saturday evening, at the Grand Banquet, there was a special tribute to the former Primate of our Church, Archbishop Iakovos. The Telemachus Demoulas Family and the Demoulas Foundation underwrote the cost of the banquet with such a generous donation, that the Conference was able to present a gift of $60,000 to honor the 60th Anniversary of the founding of Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology.

HIS EMINENCE stands with new members of the Leadership 100 Endowment Fund.

MAY 5, 1997


ecumenical patriarchate




Travel Travel to to Greece Greece with with the the Spiritual Spiritual Odyssey Odyssey program program of of Ionian Ionian Village! Village! June June 88 -- June June 22 22 (N. Manginas photo) New Archon Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew recently bestowed the rank of Archon Heromnimon upon Stephen Redding, a member of St. Barbara’s Church in Santa Barbara, Calif. Redding, chairman and founder of Nexus Corp., visited the Ecumenical Patriarchate along with his family (from left) Stephanie, Angie, Elisa and Jheri, and Archbishop Spyridon and Bishop Anthony of San Francisco.

Struggle for Orthodoxy in Difficult Times: The Ecumenical Patriarchate (Editor’s note: As the Orthodox faithful of the Archdiocese look forward with great anticipation to the fall visit of Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, the Orthodox Observer in the next several issues will present a special series on the history and institutions of the Ecumenical Patriarchate to help our readers become better informed about the Mother Church over which His All Holiness presides). Part of a series

I. The Patriarchate in the Byzantine Period (330-1453) The historian Socrates records that Constantius, the son and successor of Constantine the Great, when completing the Great Church called Sophia, adjoined it to that named Eirene, previously a small church which the King’s father had enlarged and embellished And now both, under one name, are seen within the same enclosure. The old Episcopeion, which had stood within the precincts mentioned by Socrates, was connected with Hagia Eirene, the episcopal church of Byzantium in those times. Later, within these precincts a new Episcopeion was built in direct contact with the new cathedral of the city, which by then had been named Constantinople. The church of Hagia Eirene was henceforth referred to as the “Old Patriarchate” throughout the period that we now call Byzantine. The new Episcopeion appears to have been fairly large, since it had a Secretum in which the Holy Synod met and a Triclinium that could accommodate the entire clergy of the city. Written sources mention that other buildings were also erected within these precincts, such as the Hospice of Samson, an infirmary which became in time the most important benevolent institution of the Church, the Monastery of Hosia Olympias, one end of which extended to the Episcopeion and the other to the narthex of Hagia Sophia, the Didascaleion, an institution of higher learning, and some other ancillary buildings. When the people, protesting against the displacement of John Chrysostom from his See by the Emperor Arcadius(395-408), burned down the Constantinian church of Hagia Sophia, the Episcopeion and the other

buildings were not seriously damaged. The church was rebuilt by Theodosius II (408450), on the same site and on plans similar to those of the earlier five-aisled basilica.

The Will of God Unfortunately, during the Nika Revolt, early in the reign of Justinian (527-565), both churches, the Theodosian Hagia Sophia and the older Hagia Eirene, and all the other buildings of the precinct were destroyed. It was the will of God, according to Procopius, that the church of Hagia Sophia be destroyed so that it could be rebuilt in the form it has preserved to this day—a sight most beautiful, extraordinary to those beholding it and incredible to those being told of it. The grandiose undertaking was completed in the relatively short time of five years, thanks to the personal interest shown and the inexhaustible resources made available by the Emperor. The new church was again a basilica this time with three aislesbuilt in a manner so daring and ingenious that for many centuries it has remained unique and unsurpassed. The magnificent edifice of Hagia Sophia represents the realization of the Christian dream to combine the basilical type, the dominant longitudinal axis of which draws the eye and soul towards the spot where the Unbloody Sacrifice is performed, with the highly symbolic structure of the dome, which dominates the interior of centralized buildings. The church of Hagia Eirene, the Hospice of Samson, the monastery of Hosia Olympias and, certainly, the Episcopeion were also rebuilt more beautiful at that time. Meanwhile, the Bishop of Constantinople, whose role as intermediary between the Hierarchy of the Oecumene and the Basilia had acquired particular importance, gained a continuously growing prestige associated with greater privileges.

Ecumenical title So, when the title of Patriarch bestowed on eminent Primates was restricted to the Exarchs of the Church Administration, the Bishop of Constantinople was given the title of Ecumenical Patriarch and a primacy of honor next to that of the Bishop of Rome. These developments resulted in the con-

See STRUGGLE, on page 23

Spiritual Odyssey is much more than simply a trip to Greece. It is a spiritual journey back to the roots of our faith and our culture, where young adults from the United States and Canada can experience for themselves the timeless treasures of Orthodoxy in a land that has always been Orthodox and the wealth of Hellenism in its birthplace.

The highlight of the trip will be an audience with His All Holiness the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew in Constantinople and a tour of the Byzantine monuments of the City. — Please send me information on the Spiritual Odyssey program of Ionian Village. Name: _________________________________________________ Address:________________________________________________ City, State, Zip:___________________________________________ Phone:_________________________________________________ IONIAN VILLAGE • 8 East 79th Street, New York, NY 10021 or call us at: (212) 570-3534

An Invitation you cannot refuse!

You’re invited by Homeric Tours and the San Marco Hotel to enjoy the magical island of Mykonos....7 sun-filled days and enchanting nights await you. STAY and RELAX at the waterfront Superior First Class SAN MARCO HOTEL, view the uncontested sunsets, ENJOY the unique beauty of the island, and take advantage of the dynamic nightlife.

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IONIAN VILLAGE “I’ll never forget the summer I spent at Ionian Village... the people I met... the counselors and priests were wonderful. I learned to appreciate my heritage and my faith, and the friendships I made will last forever.”

This Year give a gift with a lifetime of memories.

During the past 27 years, nearly 10,000 teenagers and young adults from America and Canada have had the experience of a lifetime in Greece at Ionian Village. The Highlight of this year’s S PIRITUAL ODYSSEY will be an audience with His All Holiness, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, in Constantinople.


Please check which program you are interested in: July 6 - July 24 r Summer Travel Camp, Ages 12 to 15. July 27 - August 14 r Byzantine Venture, Ages 16 to 18. June 8 - June 22 r Spiritual Odyssey, Young Adults, 19 and above.

Name: _________________________________________________ Address:________________________________________________ City, State, Zip:___________________________________________ Phone:_________________________________________________ For more information on Ionian Village send this form to: IONIAN VILLAGE • 8 East 79th Street, New York, NY 10021 or call us at: (212) 570-3534




















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Muslim Leader Recommends Purging Egyptian Army of Christians

RNS - The leader of Egypt’s largest Muslim fundamentalist group has called for a purge of Christians from the Egyptian army, saying they represent a threat to national security. Mustafa Mashoor, the supreme guide of the Muslim Brotherhood, told the weekly magazine Rose El Youssef that Coptic Christians also should be required to pay a religious tax that once was levied on Jews and Christians in the Muslim world. Christian leaders criticized Mashoor’s comments, which were published April 13, saying they demonstrate his group’s intolerance, the Associated Press reported. The Muslim Brotherhood has said repeatedly that it would treat Muslims and Christians equally if it were ever in power. It also has condemned violence since the 1970’s.

“The remarks unveil the ugly face of the group’s ideology and remove...its tolerant mask.” said a front page editorial in Watani, the Coptic Christian community’s newspaper. In the interview, Mashoor said the army would be more secure without Christians. “When a Christian country attacks the Muslim country and the army has Christian elements, they can facilitate our defeat by the enemy.” he said The brotherhood’s spokesman, Maamoun Hodiebi, said there was” misunderstanding” in Mashoor’s comments He did not elaborate Hodeibi said the brotherhood’s ideology does not include requiring Christians to pay a religious tax. Christians comprise about 10 percent of Egypt’s 60 million population.

1997 Yearbook of American and Canadian Churches Extensively Documents North American Church Life NEW YORK — Three denominations account for a net increase in U.S. church membership of about a quarter of a million members from 1994 to 1995, according to the 1997 Yearbook of American and Canadian Churches, an annual project of the National Council of Churches. They are the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (up 98,400, or 2.39 percent, to 4,711,500 in 1995), Roman Catholic Church (up 89,849, or 0.15 percent, to 60,280,454) and the Southern Baptist Convention (up 49,236, or 0.32 percent, to 15,663,296). In general, the Yearbook notes, “denominations like the Southern Baptist Convention which have experienced growth over the last few decades continued to grow. However, they grew at a more modest rate than in many past years. Denominations like

the United Methodist Church who have declined in recent decades continued to decline, but they lost fewer members this year than in previous years.” The United Methodist Church was down 45,463, or 0.53 percent, to 8,538,662 in 1995. The Presbyterian Church (USA) reported a net membership loss of 32,986, or 1.22 percent, to 3,669,489, and the United Church of Christ was down 28,097, or 1.94 percent, to 1,472,213. Almost all denominations that report financial information to the Yearbook, even those with decreasing membership, reported increased total income, and in most cases the increase exceeded the rate of inflation. For example, the Presbyterian Church (USA) reported an almost 3 percent increase in giving while they lost 1 percent of their members.

Religious Groups Ask Reject TV-Rating System


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WASHINGTON (RNS) — Several churches and religious organizations have asked the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to find the TV industry’s rating system unacceptable because it is too vague. The groups say the new system, which rates programs by age categories rather than giving content-based descriptions, is not helpful for parents who want to monitor the viewing habits of their children. Comments the groups submitted to the FCC emphasize that in order to be acceptable, the rating system must “serve the goals intended by Congress” when it passed legislation requiring the development of “Vchip” technology. V-chip technology allows specific programs to be blocked.

The groups told the FCC the new rating system is not adequate for use with a V-chip because it is too vague to be useful. “In the television age content-based program ratings that fully inform parents about a given program are an indispensable tool,” said Nathan Diament, director of the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America, one of the groups submitting the comments to the FCC. Other groups in asking the FCC to look for a better rating system included the Center for Jewish and Christian Values, the Southern Baptist Convention and the Presbyterian Church USA. The initiative was coordinated by the Center for Media Education.

Poll: Church Attendance Drops to Six-Decade Low

RNS - Weekly attendance at houses of worship has dipped to its lowest level since 1940, according to a report by the Princeton Religion Research Center based on a new Gallup Poll. In 1996, 38 percent of U.S. adults said they had attended a church or synagogue in a given week. In 1995, 43 percent of Americans said they attended church weekly. The all-time low for church attendance was recorded in 1940, when just 37 percent said they had attended a house of worship. The all-time high was in both 1955 and 1958, when 49 percent said they attended church weekly. The Gallup Organization has a been measuring church attendance each year

since 1939, and most years church attendance measures in the low-40 percent range. The poll - which surveyed 3,007 adults and has a margin of error of plus or minus 2 percent - was conducted during one week each in June, September and November of 1996.

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MAY 5, 1997


Worshipers Trade Blows at Holy Sepulcher Church

Orthodox School at University of Munich MUNICH — An Orthodox School of Theology recently began operating at the University of Munich. Four Orthodox lecturers and two other academics teach the following fundamental fields: New Testament in the framework of biblical theology, Church history and patristics in the framework of historical theology, dogmatics and ethics in the framework of systematic theology and liturgics in the framework of practical theology.

Hierarch Demands End to Vandalism of Churches

NICOSIA. – Metropolitan Pavlos of Kyrenia demanded an end to the vandalism and sacking of the churches in occupied Cyprus. He made the comments at the meeting of a human rights committee at the United Nations. He accused Turkey of intentionally desecrating the churches.

Church of Greece Sends Aid to Bulgaria for Students ATHENS. – The Orthodox Church of Greece has sent aid to the Bulgarian Orthodox Church consisting of food for students in the Orthodox schools and orphanages. The Secretary General of the Bulgarian Orthodox Holy Synod Metropolitan Gelasios expressed his deep gratitude for the aid.

Crucial Times for Albania

TIRANA. – Archbishop Anastasios of Tirana and All Albania visited the town of Gjirokaster on April 14 and spoke about the work done by the Church at a crucial time experienced by Albania, the Orthodox community and ethnic Greeks living in Albania. Anastasios also laid the foundation stone of a new cathedral in the ethnic Greek village of Kakavia.

Priest, Nuns Help Foil Robbery MOSCOW (ENI) — A Russian Orthodox priest, two nuns and a church maintenance man have won the admiration of police by repelling an attack by armed robbers in an isolated village. Shots from the priest’s rifle brought the attack to a swift end. Fearing an attack, the priest had defied church rules to obtain the rifle and had helped the two nuns and the maintenance worker also to obtain guns.

Archbishop Anastasios Sends Condolences to Families TIRANA. – Archbishop Anastasios of Albania expressed his deep concern over the recent loss of the Albanian refugees in the Strait of Otranto recently and expressed his condolences to the families. Several refugees were killed when their vessel was struck by a ship of the Italian navy.

Russian Church Protests Tour Plans MOSCOW. — The Russian Orthodox Church has reacted angrily to plans by a Moscow company, linked to the municipal authorities, to move into the growing business of Russian tours to the Holy Land.

Moscow Choir in Thessaloniki THESSALONIKI. – The Patriarchal Choir of Moscow made its debut in Thessaloniki on April 15. The concert included hymns of the Orthodox Church, orchestrated by Anatoly Grichenko, at the Church of St. Demetrios.


Visits Philippine Church Metropolitan Nikitas of Hong Kong recently visited the Orthodox community in Manila, where he attended a meeting to finalize the draft of the “Exarchate of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in the Philippines.” He and the priest in the Philippines, Fr. Philemon, are shown here with several members of St. Nicholas Chapel in Santa Rosa, in the province of Laguna, where the clergy conducted a Divine Liturgy.

JERUSALEM (AP) — Fistfights broke out on Holy Saturday among about 100 worshipers at the 900-year-old church built over the site where tradition says Jesus was buried and resurrected. No one was hurt in the 10-minute scuffle at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, which broke out when Syrian Orthodox worshipers tried to get into the overcrowded church in Jerusalem’s Old City. The fighting began about an hour before Patriarch Diodoros I of Jerusalem emerged from the tomb where tradition holds Jesus was buried to conduct the candlelighting ceremony. Israeli police, thinking that the Syrian Orthodox worshipers were part of a demonstration, initially blocked them from entering, a Syrian church official said.

German Church Urges Russians Proselytizing Creates Anti- to Maintain Ecumenical Links Ecumenical Backlash in Russia

MOSCOW (RNS) — “Destructive” religious and parareligious groups are creating an anti-ecumenical atmosphere in the Russian Orthodox Church according to a top official of the church’s Department of External Relations. The Rev. Viktor Petlyuchenko, deputy chairman of the department, said the “aggressive proselytizing” of Orthodox Christians by non-Orthodox groups has made the church wary of contact with non-Orthodox churches. Petlyuchenko made his comments following a recent meeting between leaders of the Evangelical Church of Germany (EKD) and top Russian Orthodox officials EKD leaders urged the Russians to maintain their ecumenical ties. Both bodies are key members of the Geneva-based World Council of Churches, the international ecumenical body consisting of mainline Protestant, Anglican and Orthodox churches. Proselytizing, mixed with the Orthodox’s uncomfortable relationship with

the WCC, has led some officials to recommend the church downgrade its status within the WCC from full member to observer. Petlyuchenko, without being more specific, said that certain “processes” taking place within the WCC have made the Orthodox uncomfortable and they “do not feel at home and are unable to speak in full voice of their vision.” Bishop Christoph Demke, speaking at a news conference in Moscow, said the EKD delegation urged the Russian church to “maintain the momentum” of its past ecumenical work. “Ecumenical thinking cannot be inherited from previous generations, it requires constant nursing,” Demke said, according to a report from Ecumenical News International, the Geneva-based religious news agency. The German church leaders said they told the Russians they were willing to share their experiences with “real sects” in Germany and would investigate ways to help the Russian church on the issue.

Korean Church Contributes to Archbishop Iakovos Fund

NEW YORK — A generous gift of $50,000 was recently given by a Korean Methodist congregation in Seoul toward the Archbishop Iakovos Fund for Faith and Order work of the National Council of Churches (NCC) and World Council of Churches (WCC). “We are very grateful for the gift from Bishop Sundo Kim and his Methodist congregation in Seoul for the commitment to ecumenical life their gift so generously represents,” said the Rev. Dr. Joan Brown Campbell, NCC General Secretary. “Furthering the Faith and Order work of both the National and World Councils in pursuing Christian unity is a gift appreciated by all our member communions.” Bishop Sundo Kim leads the Kwang Lim

Methodist Church in Seoul, Korea. The contribution to the Iakovos Fund was requested and received by United Methodist Bishop James Mathews of Washington, DC, chair of the $10 million endowment campaign. He interpreted the Korean congregations’ gift as its strong witness to the unity of all Christians in Jesus Christ. The Archbishop Iakovos Fund was established in the early 1990’s to undergird the faith and order work of the two councils. According to the Rev. William Rusch. director of the Faith and Order Commission, NCC, “Faith and order concerns have always been very close to the heart of Archbishop Iakovos. The fund was named in his honor to recognize his commitment to the ecumenical movement.”

NICOSIA. – Metropolitan Chrysanthos of Limassol, Cyprus, was recently elected to the four-member presidency of the Middle East Council of Churches Executive Committee. He succeeds the late Patriarch Parthenios III of Alexandria.

The Metropolitan of Limassol has been working with the Council of Churches of the Middle East since its establishment in 1974. He has been a member of the Faith and Unity Commission and the Church of Cyprus’ representative to the World Council of Churches Central Committee since 1991.

Metropolitan of Limassol Elected to MECC Presidency

MOSCOW (ENI) — Leading churches in Russia and Germany have renewed their commitment to ecumenism during highlevel meetings between church leaders in Moscow. Last week Dr. Klaus Engelhardt, presiding Bishop of the Evangelical Church in Germany EKD, to which most German Protestants belong, led a delegation to Moscow to discuss relations with the Russian Orthodox Church, which plays an important role in the spiritual and social life of the Russian Federation. The EKD and the Russian Orthodox Church are two of the world’s most important churches in terms of numbers and influence. Both belong to key ecumenical organizations, the Conference of European Churches (CEC) and the World Council of Churches (WCC). But ecumenism is a sensitive subject for many Orthodox Christians in Russia. Last month the Russian church’s Council of Bishops considered suggestions that their membership of the WCC be downgraded to observer status. However, the council decided to maintain membership while holding consultations on this issue with other Orthodox churches.



MAY 5, 1997


Happy Seventy-Fifth Anniversary

On May 17, 1922, the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America was canonically created and legally established by the Ecumenical Patriarchate. But the official creation of the Archdiocese began more than six months earlier. Prior to 1922, the individual Greek Orthodox parishes were under the jurisdiction of the Church of Greece. In mid-September 1921, the first Clergy-Laity Congress was convened in New York under Metropolitan Metaxakis. As president of the Congress, the Metropolitan signed the certificate of incorporation, marking the first significant move in the eventual separation of the parishes in America from the Church of Greece. These actions raised a furor in Greece which at the time was undergoing serious political upheaval. The conflict between Royalists and Venizelists spilled over into this country and threatened to tear apart this newly created Archdiocese. Then, in 1930, calmer heads prevailed as Church leaders in Athens and Constantinople agreed to solve the ecclesiastical problem in America.

With the appointment of Metropolitan Damaskinos of Corinth appointed as Exarch, the crisis was resolved and the Church in America received an Archbishop with the capabilities to unify the Archdiocese and put Orthodoxy in the Western Hemisphere on a firm footing. From Archbishop Athenagoras who brought together an assortment of “citystate” parishes into a unified entity, to the present, we have been blessed with capable leaders who have put their own stamp on Greek Orthodoxy here: Michael, who sowed the seeds of spiritual growth for our youth with the creation of GOYA; Iakovos who continued the effort and presided over the longest period of fruitful growth the Church has enjoyed; to Spyridon, our present first American-born and youthful leader who is shepherding us into the 21st century. Throughout these 75 years, the Ecumenical Patriarchate has provided its faithful in America with the leaders necessary to nurture Christ’s Church, and to address the problems and meet the challenges of their particular era. For that, we truly have reason to celebrate.

According to a new Gallup Poll, weekly church attendance in the United States has dipped to its lowest level since 1940. Only 38 percent of U.S. adults said they attended church in a given week. This nearly tied the all-time low, set in 1940 with just 37 percent. The highest attendance figures were set in 1955 and 1958, when 49 percent said they went to church weekly. This figures is nothing to brag about, however. No reasons were given for the low attendance figure, but it is in keeping with the trend over several decades to minimize the importance of religion in American life. Spiritually, we seem headed in the direction of Europe, where church attendance averages half of that in the United States and, in some cases, reaches single digits.

Archbishop Spyridon and various lay leaders of the Church have recently pointed to the need to reach out to the unchurched, starting with our own membership. For this to be more than mere words requires action on the part of all of us, assuming of course that we even care if our fellow Christians attend church. In many cases, members of our own families don’t bother to come to church regularly. With summer fast approaching, attendance in our churches will drop off even more. For this trend to be reversed will take a miracle — always a possibility. But it will also take decisive action by committee Christians to reach out to our unchurched brothers and sisters. The window of opportunity is open.

A Window of Opportunity?

LL EE TT TT EE RR SS Marriage to non-believers I appreciate Fr. Papaioannou’s column on marriages to non-Orthodox spouses in the last issue of the Orthodox Observer. I feel very strongly that this is the most critical issue that faces our Church today. Forty years ago I married John Walsh, an “Americano,” raised a Methodist. John was willing to be Chrismated and married in the Orthodox Church. Although he has not been a practicing member, he made it possible for me and our children to participate fully in the life of the Church that we love so much. Our first grandchild, Alexandra Walsh, was recently baptized at St. George Greek Orthodox Cathedral in Hartford, Conn., where our son Andrew is the vice-president of the parish council. I feel very blessed, and know in my heart that God will judge my husband kindly because he is a better Christian than I. Many prospective spouses, because of severe family pressure or because they are not ready themselves, are not able to make a commitment to a church they know little about. Our society is, unfortunately, largely ignorant of our faith. These people should

be welcomed with open arms and heart. I am not naive enough to think that all of them will eventually convert, but I have seen it happen. And the chances are much greater than if they are automatically excluded from marrying in the Church. Most important, the Orthodox spouse and children will not be lost to us or be deprived of the consolation and inspiration of the sacraments and the life of the Church. You see how strongly I feel about this. As a student of early Church theology and history, I know that what you have laid out in your analysis is correct. As a believing Orthodox Christian my heart tells me it is right. Many thanks for your courageous column. Efthalia Makris Walsh Chevy Chase, Md. Editor, In answer to Fr. George’s response to the non-Christian spouse dilemma (Tell Me Father 3/20/97), the Church does not neglect nor does it abandon its sons and daughters when it makes and keeps certain rules. What it has been doing through liberalized but unenlightened clergy and advisors is keeping silent on the really tough rules of Orthodoxy. Instead of educating our children to canon law and church doctrine we have chosen the “wishy-washy way” of the Protes-


Rights and Obligations of Men and Women

Is there a counterpart to feminism? Mel Feit is the head of an organization called the National Center for Men. It is unclear whether this organization is a serious attempt to foster men’s rights or simply an attempt to illustrate the folly of feminism by being ridiculous. Mel Feit has made a name for himself by applying the 1973 Roe vs. Wade Supreme Court decision to the issue of men’s reproductive rights and privacy. Feit says that women are not the only ones confronted by unwanted pregnancies.

By Fr. Angelo Artemas He argues, “If a man has sex with a woman and she conceives without his prior consent, and decides to keep the child, why should he be burdened with support payments. Once contraception has failed, the woman has all the rights. She can get an abortion or she can have the child and make the father pay support. Reproductive freedom for men is an essential component missing from Roe vs. Wade.” To Feit’s delight, feminists have countered his positions by arguing that the man’s rights begin and end with his wallet since men don’t have to carry a child for nine months. Feit counters with “Money facilitates existence. Our lives are dominated by money. A man who has to pay child support for 18 years will have his standard of living diminished, and certain career and educational opportunities will be wasted.” Think about these arguments for a moment. If maximizing personal freedom is the primary goal of our legal system, why should

tants and the “out of sight, out of mind” way of the Catholics. This “don’t ask, don’t tell” philosophy brings and maintains marginally committed people into the faith and then seeks to dilute it by contending that the faith should become more accommodating to their weaknesses. This girl should have been informed all along her spiritual path by her parents, her godparents, Sunday School teachers, GOYA advisors and parish priest about the teachings and principles of the Church. Where were these people? If she were well-advised she might still exercise her free will and marry outside her faith; her choice, when her priority scale is Romance, number 1; Religion, number 10. How things change later on! As a young woman, I had the chance to marry a good and handsome young man from a well to do Christian, but non-Orthodox family. A financial and social coup, of sorts. Something deeply troubled me, however. That “something” was the realization that short of his willing conversion we would be coming from different traditions, beliefs and even values. I threw myself down and begged God to show me the way. I decided against that marriage. Two months later I met a wonderful Greek Orthodox man, to whom I have been married for 22 years. As far as the Church being more lenient per St. Paul, we mustn’t confuse the largely pagan world of those times with ours. The Word was largely spread by personal preaching, today it is available the world over by not only preaching but in print and through technology. although when we look around we may think our world appears pretty “pagan,” the opportunity to meet and marry within Orthodoxy has never been greater. What are all these social clubs about; eth-

men be held to their traditional obligations while women are liberated from theirs? Feit challenges feminists and abortion advocates with the following question: “Do you believe the government should be able to force someone to become a parent?” Cheryl Garrity, president of the Massachusetts chapter of the National Organization for Women, responds, “Men do have a number of options. They could use condoms or they could abstain from having sex at all. They have to face the consequences of their actions.” That sounds familiar. Women have the same options plus adoption. Feit’s arguments are an interesting and logical extension of Roe vs. Wade. But whether serious or joking, men should not be free to desert their offspring. Neither should women. Both have to take responsibility for their actions. With or without birth control, physical intimacy often leads to pregnancy. If men or women are not prepared to deal with unwanted results, they can alter their behavior rather than demand the freedom to make others suffer or die. Freedom without consequences and rights without obligations may be what people want, but that’s not what makes mature adults. Surrendering one’s body during moments of passion and then demanding complete control over the same body when it is more suitable is hypocrisy. If it takes ridiculous arguments such as Feit’s arguments to drive such a point home, then so be it. But what the men’s and women’s movements must finally understand is that real men and women don’t go around crying about their rights. Instead they behave and act morally and responsibly.

nic dance and basketball only? It seems the more socializing our children do, the less likely they are to marry other Orthodox. Our children have to be warned that marrying out of Orthodoxy is a time-bomb waiting to go off. Vicki Kamaratos Wayside, NJ

Wrong message in Challenge Editor, Concerning the Challenge section of the April 5 Observer, it was surprising to see Howard Stern receive a Thumbs Up. Yes I have heard that Mr. Stern’s movie “Private Parts” makes him sound like a decent, moral, family man. This I cannot comment on not knowing him personally. However, his radio persona is just the opposite. Stern is fair in that he is rude and offensive to all of his guests, and his co-workers as well. Whatever he believes and however he lives in his private life, he still promotes a lifestyle and philosophy contrary to Orthodox Christianity. By giving him a Thumbs Up, you are telling our young people, and whoever else reads that section, that you can divide your public life and your personal life in two parts. We can, you are saying, act and talk any way that we please, as long as we are an Orthodox Christian pleasing Christ in private. This is absurd! Many of our Holy Saints died rather than make a public offering to an idol or false god. They could have done so publicly and kept their Christian faith in private. They could have pretended to be pagans and in their hearts remain true to Christ. Or, they could merely include the pagan gods along with Christ in their worship. Rather, they suffered tortures, humiliation, and death in effort to remain true believers.

MAY 5, 1997



Tell Me Father

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Monasticism vs. the Parish


Dear Fr. George: I am writing this letter out of concern for the rather negative effect that the monastic movement in America is having on some of the parishes, including my own. In a recent interview with The Christian Activist, Archbishop Spyridon seemed to acknowledge that this problem exists in our Archdiocese today and pointed out that “a parish is one thing and a monastery is another. The danger is that we might have a confusion of the roles of a monastery and of a parish.”

By Fr. George Papaioannou My question is, what does the church do to prevent that confusion from taking place? Who is the spiritual leader in the community, the canonically ordained and assigned priests or a monk who invades the parishes, introduces monastic rules and ideas, recruits young people who are only technically adults to monasticism and leaves the parish in disarray? The church should be concerned when outside forces undermine the effectiveness of a parish priest by questioning his orthodoxy, and at the same time, realize that this is an issue that concerns the entire Archdiocese. I hope you will not hesitate to address this very vital issue in your column. Because of the great sensitivity, please do not publish my name. A troubled member of a deeply troubled community. In Tennessee


You have raised a very sensitive issue that is both challenging and needs to be addressed by our Synod of Bishops. In fact, the subject of monasticism in America was on the agenda of our Bishops’ meeting last March in New York. Of course, you are not the first to write and point out the improprieties that are committed by certain monastic forces in our country. However, we must bear in mind that the monastic movement is very young in America, and like any new development it will experience growing pains. Inevitably, as in any other new movement, mistakes will be made, and misunderstandings will occur. I am well aware that some of our communities are concerned that monastic practices will take over their parish life, become a divisive issue, and drive many of our people away. In their zeal to establish monasticism in America, monastic leaders, and especially some of their overzealous followers (both clergy and laity) have threatened the peace and stability in some of our parishes. This should not be. Without question, monasticism has played a constructive role in the history of Orthodoxy. It has preserved the rich deposit of our faith handed down to us by the apostles. Monasticism has helped preserve, shape, and define Orthodoxy in its struggle against wanton innovations, heretical beliefs, and State interference. For instance, Monasticism took the leadership and played an indispensable role against the error of Iconoclasm. The monks were in the vanguard of these battles, and

they suffered the most for the sake of the Faith. Moreover, we owe much of our beautiful liturgical life to monastic influence. Indeed, it would be difficult to imagine Orthodoxy without monastic influence in iconography, hymnology, theology, and prayer life. No Orthodox Christian could deny the immense contribution that monasticism has made to the True Faith. The monks of Mount Athos, the holy sites in Palestine, and Mount Sinai (just to name a few) have stood as vigilant and worthy guardians of the Orthodox Faith and the countless relics, manuscripts and priceless religious artifacts for well over a thousand years. We are truly indebted to them. So why not a monastic movement in America? Shouldn’t any right-thinking Orthodox believer welcome the opportunity to transplant monasticism in America? This writer is an advocate of such a movement. But it must be done properly and carefully, with an appreciation for the unique situation here in America. The canons and Tradition must guide us so that we avoid the confusion and tragic situation that has beset your parish and others like it. The Archbishop is quite right. The role of the monastery is not to be confused with the role of the parish. The Synod of Bishops should carefully study any request to start a new monastery. If and when permission has been granted, it should be made unequivocally clear to those responsible that the monastery is to function under the authority of the local bishop. Monks are not to interfere with the ministry of the parishes and the authority of the priests. Only with the permission of the bishop, should monks visit local parishes and perform any kind of ministry, including the Sacrament of Holy Confession. This rule should be followed very strictly and, when it is violated, appropriate measures should be taken by the local bishop and, if necessary, by the Synod of Bishops. Recruiting is a very sensitive issue, and the Church leadership should carefully investigate interference in our parishes in order to avoid unnecessary strife and avoidable divisions in our communities. Monastic life is a special calling. It is a very difficult life that calls for great sacrifice and self-denial, and hence, is not for everyone. I recall that a few years ago a young man left America to become a monk in Greece. Far from home, he found it very difficult to adjust to the rigors of monastic life and eventually succumbed to a severe case of melancholy. The Church must be very careful, if the monasteries are sanctioned by the Archdiocese, the Archdiocese becomes ultimately responsible to both the laws of the individual states and the country. And finally, I would like to emphasize that parish priests with ties to monastic communities, either here or abroad, must remember that while serving as pastors of communities, they are to minister and behave as priests who serve laymen who live in a dynamic and challenging secular community and not members of a small and limited monastic order. The manner of grooming and clerical attire must therefore be appropriate. The life of a monk, as admirable as it is, must be lived in the monastery, not in the secular community.

LETTERS cont’d Their example shows us that we are either completely Christian or completely nonChristian. As Christ says, we cannot serve two masters. Also, Mr. Stern is in trouble because the Holy Bible tells us that if we cause someone else to sin, then it is better for us to be cast into the sea with a large

stone around our necks. Not only then is Howard Stern harming those who listen and are influenced by his rhetoric, he is also endangering his own soul. Fr. Nicholas Capilos Savannah, Ga.

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MåôÜëëéá «Åëéò Áúëáíô» óôïí Óåâáóìéüôáôï êáé ÓÕÍÅÍÔÅÕÎÇ ÔÏÕ ÏÉÊÏÕÌÅÍÉÊÏÕ ÐÁÔÑÉÁÑ×Ç ÓÔÏÍ ÏÑÈÏÄÏÎÏ ÐÁÑÁÔÇÑÇÔÇ ÊÙÍÓÔÁÍÔÉÍÏÕÐÏËÇ.— ÕðåñÞöáíïò êáé åõãíþìùí åðßóêåøÞò ôïõ, áðåõèýíïíôáò ôïí áóðáóìü êáé ôçí åîÝ÷ïíôåò ïìïãåíåßò

<Ôï ÃÝíïò üôáí èÝëç, äýíáôáé!> ãéá ðïëëÜ äÞëùóå ï Ïéêïõìåíéêüò ÐáôñéÜñ÷çò ê. Âáñèïëïìáßïò, ìéëþíôáò ãéá ôçí ÏìïãÝíåéá ôçò ÁìåñéêÞò, åíþ ðáñÜëëçëá õðïãñÜììéóå üôé ôá áðïèÝìáôá ôùí äõíáôïôÞôùí ìáò åßíáé êáôÜ ðïëý ðåñéóóüôåñá êáé ôüíéóå üôé ç ÌçôÝñá Åêêëçóßá ðñïóâëÝðåé óå áêüìç ìåãáëýôåñï Ýñãï êáé ðñïóöïñÜ áðü ôçí åí ÁìåñéêÞ áêìÜæïõóá ÏìïãÝíåéá. Óôç óõíÝíôåõîç ðïõ ç Áõôïý ÈåéïôÜôç Ðáíáãéüôçôá ðáñá÷þñçóå óôïí Ïñèüäïîï ÐáñáôçñçôÞ, ï ÐñïêáèÞìåíïò ôçò Ïñèïäïîßáò áããßæåé ðïëëÜ èÝìáôá, áðü ôïí Ïéêïõìåíéêü äéÜëïãï ìÝ÷ñé ôïõò êéíäýíïõò áëëïôñßùóçò ôùí íÝùí ãåíåþí êáé ïëïêëçñþíåé ìå ôçí ðñïóìïíÞ ôçò åäþ

@ Áíáëïãéæüìåíïò ôçí ðåíôáåôÞ êáé ðëÝïí ðïéìáíôïñßá óáò åéò ôïí Ïéêïõìåíéêü Èñüíï, óå ðïßïõò ôïìåßò èåùñåßôå üôé ç Åêêëçóßá ìáò óçìåßùóå ôç ìåãáëýôåñç ðñüïäï; Êáé ðïý ôï áðïôÝëåóìá åßíáé ëéãüôåñï éêáíïðïéçôéêü, ìå ãíþìïíá ôéò ìÝ÷ñé óôéãìÞò åîåëßîåéò; Ø Ï üñïò «ðñüïäïò» åéò ôçí æùÞí ôçò Åêêëçóßáò ðñÝðåé íá ÷ñçóéìïðïéåßôáé ìåôÜ ðñïóï÷Þò, þóôå íá ìÞ åðåíåñãåß ðáñáðëáíçôéêþò. Íïåßôáé, äçëáäÞ, ìüíïí ùò ðñüïäïò êáôÜ Èåüí, êßíçóéò ðñïò ôá åìðñüò åéò ôïí äñüìï, ï ïðïßïò åßíáé ãéá ôçí Åêêëçóßá ç Ïäüò, äçëáäÞ Áõôüò ï Êýñéïò çìþí Éçóïýò ×ñéóôüò, ï ïðïßïò åßíáé ôï öùò, ç áëÞèåéá êáé ç æùÞ (Éùáí. 14,6). Áõôü öñïíïýìå, åßíáé ôï åêêëçóéáóôéêü êñéôÞñéï áðáíôÞóåùò åéò ôï åñþôçìÜ óáò. Êáé üðùò áíôéëáìâÜíåóèå, äåí åëÝã÷åôáé óôáôéóôéêþò ôï êáôÜ ðüóïí êáé ðüóïõò áíèñþðïõò åíåèÜññõíå ç äéáêïíßá ôçò çìåôÝñáò Ìåôñéüôçôïò åéò áõôÞí ôçí ðïñåßá ðñïò ôïí áãéáóìü êáé ôçí ôåëåßùóéí êáôÜ ôï ÈÝëçìá ôïõ Èåïý. ÐïëëÜ ôùí üóùí åðÝôñåøå ç ÷Üñéò Áõôïý ðÜíôùò (ðïñåßá çìþí ðñïò áäåëöÜò Ïñèïäüîïõò êáé ìç Åêêëçóßáò, åðáñ÷ßáò ôïõ Èñüíïõ, óõíÜîåéò ôùí Ïñèïäüîùí ÐñïêáèçìÝíùí êëð.) ðáñÝ÷ïõí åéò çìÜò ôçí åëðßäá, üôé ðïëëïß Üíèñùðïé ðñïóâëÝðïõí ìå åìðéóôïóýíç åéò ôï ÖáíÜñéïí êáé ëáìâÜíïõí öùò åî áõôïý êáé åëðßäá. Åßíáé âåâáßùò ðïëý ðåñéóóüôåñá, üóá ÷ñåéÜæåôáé íá ãßíïõí áêüìç. @ Ðïéï åßíáé ôï üñáìÜ óáò ãéá ôçí Ïñèïäïîßá êáôÜ ôá åðüìåíá äÝêá ðåñßðïõ ÷ñüíéá; Ø Ïé ÷ñüíïé êáé ïé êáéñïß åõñßóêïíôáé åéò ôçí åîïõóßá ôïõ Èåïý (Ðñáî.1,7), üðùò êáé ôá ó÷Ýäéá ôùí áíèñþðùí, ð.÷. åêåßíá, ôá ïðïßá äéáëáìâÜíïíôáé åéò ôïí åíèñïíéóôÞñéïí ëüãïí çìþí êáé åéò ìåôáãåíåóôÝñáò áíáêïéíþóåéò. ÐñïóâëÝðïõìå ð.÷. ìåô’ åðéìïíÞò åéò ôçí ðåñáéôÝñù ôüíùóéí ôçò åíüôçôïò êáß óõíåñãáóßáò ìåôáîý ôùí áäåëöþí Ïñèïäüîùí Åêêëçóéþí êáôÜ ôüðïõò (éäßùò åéò ôïí ÷þñïí ôçò äéáóðïñÜò) êáé óõíïëéêþò, ðñüò áðü êïéíïý áíôéìåôþðéóç åóùôåñéêþí ðñïâëçìÜôùí êáé åîùôåñéêþí ðñïêëÞóåùí åéò ôçí åíßó÷õóéí ôçò Ïñèïäüîïõ éåñáðïóôïëÞò, åéò ôçí áîéïðïßçóéí ôïõ åðåôåéáêïý Ýôïõò 2000 ðñüò ðåñéóõëëïãÞ êáé õðïäï÷Þ ôçò ôñßôçò åí ×ñéóôþ ÷éëéåôßáò åð’ åëðßäé êáé áíáóôáóßìù áéóéïäïîßá, åéò ôçí ðñïóÝããéóéí ôïõ õøçëïý ðáíïñèïäüîïõ óôü÷ïõ ôçò Áãßáò êáé ÌåãÜëçò Óõíüäïõ, åéò ôçí áîéïðïßçóéí ôùí èåôéêþí ðïñéóìÜôùí ôùí äéìåñþí êáé ëïéðþí èåïëïãéêþí äéáëüãùí ðñïò ðñïáãùãÞí ôçò ÷ñéóôéáíéêÞò åíüôçôáò, ìÜëéóôá ìåôÜ ôùí áäåëöþí Áñ÷áß-

åõëïãßá ôïõ ðñïò üëïõò, áëëÜ éäßùò ðñïò ôçí Íåïëáßá ìáò. Áíáãíùñßæïíôáò üôé ìÝíïõí áêüìá ðïëëÜ íá ãßíïõí, ï Ïéêïõìåíéêüò ÐáôñéÜñ÷çò åßíáé éêáíïðïéçìÝíïò áðü ôï ãåãïíüò üôé ìåãÜëïò áñéèìüò áíèñþðùí ðñïóâëÝðïõí ìå åìðéóôïóýíç óôï ÖáíÜñé, ëáìâÜíïíôáò åî áõôïý öùò êáé åëðßäá. Ðñüêåéôáé ãéá äéáðßóôùóç-áðüññïéá ôùí üóùí ç ÷Üñéò ôïõ Èåïý åðÝôñåøå íá ãßíïõí êáôÜ ôá ðñüóöáôá ÷ñüíéá, üðùò ç óåéñÜ ôùí åðéóêÝøåþí ôïõ óå Üëëåò Åêêëçóßåò, ïñèüäïîåò êáé ìç, ïé ðïéìáíôïñéêÝò ôïõ ðåñéïäåßåò óå åðáñ÷ßåò ôïõ Ïéêïõìåíéêïý Èñüíïõ, ïé óõíÜîåéò ôùí ÐñïêáèçìÝíùí ôçò Ïñèïäïîßáò, ê.Ü.

ÍÅÁ ÕÏÑÊÇ.— Ï Óåâ. Áñ÷éåðßóêïðïò ÁìåñéêÞò ê. Óðõñßäùí êáé áñéèìüò Üëëùí ïìïãåíþí ðïõ Ý÷ïõí äéáêñéèåß ãéá ôçí åèíéêÞ, êïéíùíéêÞ, öéëáíèñùðéêÞ êáé åðáããåëìáôéêÞ äñáóôçñéüôçôá êáé ðñïóöïñÜ ôïõò åßíáé áíÜìåóá óôïõò öåôéíïýò áðïäÝêôåò ôïõ ìåôáëëßïõ «¸ëéò ¢úëáíô» ðïõ Ý÷åé áðü ÷ñüíéá êáèéåñþóåé ï Åèíéêüò Óõíáóðéóìüò ÅèíéêïôÞôùí. Ðñüêåéôáé ãéá öïñÝá ðïõ óõìðåñéëáìâÜíåé êáé Ýììåóá åêðñïóùðåß 75 äéáöïñåôéêÝò åèíüôçôåò áðü ôï áìåñéêáíéêü ìùóáúêü, ôï ïðïßï åìðëïõôßæåôáé áëëÜ êáé óôçñßæåôáé ìå ôéò éäéáéôåñüôçôåò êáé ôá ðïëéôéóôéêÜ óôïé÷åßá ôüóùí ëáþí. Ôï ìåôÜëëéï «¸ëéò ¢úëáíô» áðïôåëåß ìéá äéÜêñéóç ðïõ îåðåñíÜ ôá üñéá ôçò åëëçíïáìåñéêáíéêÞò êïéíüôçôáò êáé êáëý˜ óåë. 13

ÐñïåäñéêÞ óýíïäïò ãéá ôïí åèåëïíôéóìü

ÊÙÍÓÔÁÍÔÉÍÏÕÐÏËÇ. - ÊõñéáêÞ ôïõ ÐÜó÷á, óôïí Ðáôñéáñ÷éêü Êáèåäñéêü Íáü ôïõ Áãßïõ Ãåùñãßïõ, óôï öáíÜñé. Ìå âáèåéÜ åõëÜâåéá ïé ïìïãåíåßò ôçò Ðüëçò êáé ðïëëïß ðñïóêõíçôÝò ãÝìéóáí ôïí Êáèåäñéêü ãéá íá ðÜñïõí ôçí åõëïãßá ôïõ ÐñïêáèÞìåíïõ ôçò Ïñèïäïîßáò êáé íá øÜëëïõí ìáæß ôïõ ôï <×ñéóôüò ÁíÝóôç>

ùí Áíáôïëéêþí Åêêëçóéþí êáé åéò ôçí åíåñãüí óõììåôï÷Þí ôïõ êáè’ çìÜò Ïéêïõìåíéêïý Èñüíïõ êáé Üëëùí Ïñèïäüîùí Åêêëçóéþí ïé ïðïßåò åäñåýïõí óôçí Åõñþðç. @ Óêéáãñáöåßóôå ìáò ôïí ôñüðï ìåôá÷åßñéóçò ôïõ Ïéêïõìåíéêïý Ðáôñéáñ÷åßïõ åê ìÝñïõò ôçò óçìåñéíÞò êõâåñíÞóåùò ôçò Ôïõñêßáò. Ø Èá çäýíáôï êáé èá Ýðñåðå íá åßíáé êáëýôåñá åéò ðïëëïýò ôïìåßò. Áõôü áíáìÝíïõìå êáé åðéäéþêïõìå. @ Ïé ðñïïðôéêÝò ãéá áíÜêëçóç ôçò áðáãüñåõóçò ëåéôïõñãßáò ôçò ÈåïëïãéêÞò Ó÷ïëÞò ×Üëêçò äåí åßíáé áíèçñÝò. Ðùò èá ìðïñïýóå íá óõìâÜëëåé ç Åêêëçóßá ìáò óôçí ÁìåñéêÞ, óôçí åõüäùóç ôïõ Éåñïý áõôïý óôü÷ïõ; Ø Ôï äßêáéïí áßôçìÜ ìáò, üðùò åðáíÝëèåé ç ÉåñÜ ÈåïëïãéêÞ Ó÷ïëÞ ôçò ×Üëêçò åéò ôçí ïìáëÞ ëåéôïõñãßáí áõôÞò, ðáñáìÝíåé óôáèåñüí. Ïóïé Ý÷ïõí áßóèçóéí äéêáéïóýíçò, ïöåßëïõí í’ áíáæçôÞóïõí ôñüðïõò ðñïóöüñïõò äéÜ ôçí õðïóôÞñéîéí ôïõ áéôÞìáôüò ìáò. @ ÐïéÝò åßíáé ïé áðôÝò åíôõðþóåéò óáò áðü ôçí Åêêëçóßá ìáò óôçí ÁìåñéêÞ, âÜóåé ôùí ìÝ÷ñé óÞìåñá ðñïóùðéêþí óáò

åðéóêÝøåùí óôéò ÇíùìÝíåò Ðïëéôåßåò; Ø Ôáò åíôõðþóåéò ìáò ôéò Ý÷ïõìå êáôáèÝóåé åðáíåéëçììÝíùò åéò üóá êáôÜ êáéñïýò åäçëþóáìåí ôüóïí åéò ôçí ÁìåñéêÞ, üóïí êáé åäþ. Åßìåèá õðåñÞöáíïé êáé åõãíþìïíåò ãéá ðïëëÜ. ÐñïóâëÝðïìåí åéò ðïëý ðåñéóóüôåñá, ìå ôçí ðåðïßèçóç üôé ç åí ÁìåñéêÞ áêìÜæïõóá ÏìïãÝíåéá êáé ãåíéêþôåñïí ç Ïñèïäïîßá Ý÷ïõí ðïëý ðåñéóóüôåñá áðïèÝìáôá äõíáôïôÞôùí. @ ÌåôÜ ôçí êÞñõîç áíåîáñôÞôùí Ìçôñïðüëåùí ãéá ôéò êïéíüôçôåò ôïõ ÊáíáäÜ, ôçò ÊåíôñéêÞò êáé ôçò Íüôéáò ÁìåñéêÞò, ðïéÜ óõãêåêñéìÝíá ó÷Ýäéá êáé óôü÷ïõò Ý÷åôå ãéá ôï Üìåóï ìÝëëïí ôçò Áñ÷éåðéóêïðÞò ÁìåñéêÞò; Ø ÌåôÜ ðåðïéèÞóåùò ëÝãïìåí, üôé ç ãåíïìÝíç áðïäÝóìåõóéò èÝëåé óõíôåëÝóåé åéò âáèõôÝñáí êáé ðëÝïí ïõóéáóôéêÞí ðïéìáíôéêÞí äéáêïíßáí õðü ôçí Üìåóïí åðïðôåßáí ôïõ íÝïõ Áñ÷éåðéóêüðïõ êõñßïõ Óðõñßäùíïò , üóôéò áíåäÝ÷èç ôçí ðëïõóßáí êëçñïíïìßáí ôïõ ðñïêáôü÷ïõ ôïõ Áñ÷éåðéóêüðïõ Éáêþâïõ, ôçí ïðïßáí Ý÷åé êëçèåß íá åðáõîÞóåé êáé åìðëïõôßóåé Ýôé ìÜëëïí. @ ÐïéÝò åßíáé ïé êõñßáñ÷åò åíôõðþóåéò ˜ óåë. 13

ÖÉËÁÄÅËÖÅÉÁ.- ÐÜíù áðü ðÝíôå ÷éëéÜäåò Üôïìá óõãêåíôñþèçêáí óôçí ðñùôåýïõóá ôçò ÐåíóéëâÜíéáò ãéá íá óõìðáñáóôáèïýí óå åîüñìçóç ðñïò åíßó÷õóç ôïõ Åèåëïíôéóìïý óå ðáíåèíéêÞ êëßìáêá. Ç «ÐñïåäñéêÞ Óýíïäïò ÊïñõöÞò ãéá ôï ÌÝëëïí ôçò ÁìåñéêÞò» óõãêÝíôñùóå ìéá åíôõðùóéáêÞ óåéñÜ Áìåñéêáíþí çãåôþí, óõìðåñéëáìâáíïìÝíùí ôïõ ðñïÝäñïõ Êëßíôïí êáèþò êáé ôùí ðñþçí ðñïÝäñùí, Ôæïñôæ Ìðïõò, ÔæÝñáëíô Öïñíô,Ôæßìé ÊÜñôåñ^ ôç ÍÜíóé Ñßãêáí ðïõ åêðñïóùðïýóå ôïí óýæõãü ôçò, ôïí óôñáôçãü Êüëéí ÐÜïõåë ðïõ Þôáí êáé ï ðñüåäñïò ôçò Óõíüäïõ êáé ðïëëÜ Üëëá ãíùóôÜ ïíüìáôá. ÁíÜìåóÜ ôïõò Þôáí êáé ï Áñ÷éåðßóêïðïò ÁìåñéêÞò ê. Óðõñßäùí, Ýíáò áðü ôïõò äÝêá óõí-ðñïÝäñïõò, ðïõ ðñüóèåóå ôç öùíÞ ôïõ ãéá ôç óõóôñÜôåõóç üëùí ðñïò âïÞèåéá ôùí äýï åêáôïììõñßùí ðáéäéþí ðïõ êáèçìåñéíÜ óõìðáñáóýñïíôáé óôçí ðëçììõñßäá ðñïâëçìÜôùí ðïõ áíôéìåôùðßæïõí ïé íÝåò ãåíåÝò ôçò ÷þñáò. Áðü ôïõò åëëçíïñèüäïîïõò ðïõ ðÞñáí ìÝñïò óôç ôñéÞìåñç óýíïäï (27-29 Áðñéëßïõ) Þôáí ï ð. ÅõÜããåëïò ÁñôåìÜêçò, äéåõèõíôÞò Íåïëáßáò ôçò É. Áñ÷éåðéóêïðÞò, ï ð. ×áñÜëáìðïò Áñ÷ïíôÜêçò áðü ôçí Êïéíüôçôá Åõáããåëéóìïý óôï Åëêéíò Ðáñê ôçò ÐåíóéëâÜíéáò, ç 17÷ñïíç ÔÜñá ÔïðÜêáò, ï ð. ÉùÜííçò Ìðßêáò, ðñïúóôÜìåíïò óôïí É. Êáèåäñéêü Íáü ôçò Áãßáò Óïößáò óôï Ëïò ¢íôæåëåò, ê.Ü. Ï Óåâ. Áñ÷éåðßóêïðïò ÁìåñéêÞò óõììåôåß÷å óå ðñüãåõìá åñãáóßáò ôçí ÄåõôÝñá, 28 Áðñéëßïõ êáôÜ ôï ïðïßï Ýëáâå ÷þñá äéÜëïãïò ìåôáîý ôùí ðñïÝäñùí, êõâåñíçôéêþí, èñçóêåõôéêþí çãåôþí êáé ðïëéôéêþí åêðñïóþðùí, ðÜíù óôá èÝìáôá ôçò Óõíüäïõ. Êåíôñéêüò Üîïíáò Þôáí ôï ðþò èá êéíçôïðïéçèïýí ÷éëéÜäåò ïñãáíþóåéò êáé åêáôïììýñéá ðïëéôþí þóôå ç åèåëïíôéêÞ ðñïóöïñÜ åê ìÝñïõò ôùí áìåñéêáíþí ðïëéôþí íá áðïôåëÝóåé Ýíá åõñÝùò áðïäåêôü êáé áðïôåëåóìáôéêü ˜ óåë. 12





Èåóóáëïíßêç, ðïëéôéóôéêÞ ðñùôåýïõóá ôçò Åõñþðçò ãéá ôï 1997, èá öéëïîåíÞóåé ãéá 5 ìÞíåò óôï Ìïõóåßï Âõæáíôéíïý Ðïëéôéóìïý, ôç ìíçìåéþäç êáé ìïíáäéêÞ óôïí êüóìï ¸êèåóç Êåéìçëßùí ôïõ Áãßïõ Ïñïõò. Ðñüêåéôáé ìÜëëïí ãéá ôï ìåãáëýôåñï ãåãïíüò ôçò ÷ñïíéÜò, áðü ðíåõìáôéêÞ, åðéóôçìïíéêÞ êáé êáëëéôå÷íéêÞ Üðïøç. Ãéá ôïí Åëëçíéóìü ìÝóá êáé Ýîù áðü ôá üñéá ôïõ åëëçíéêïý êñÜôïõò, ãéá ôï ãõíáéêåßï êïéíü ðïõ ëüãù ôïõ «Üâáôïõ» äåí ìðïñåß íá åðéóêåöèåß ôá ÁèùíéêÜ ìïíáóôÞñéá, áëëÜ êáé ãéá ôïõò Ïñèïäüîïõò üëïõ ôïõ êüóìïõ, ç ìåôáöïñÜ åíüò ìÝñïõò áõôïý ôïõ æùíôáíïý ìíçìåßïõ ôïõ Ïñèïäüîïõ Ìïíá÷éóìïý óôç Èåóóáëïíßêç, áðïôåëåß ìéá ìïíáäéêÞ åõêáéñßá åðéêïéíùíßáò ìå ôçí ðáñÜäïóç, ôï ðáñüí êáé ôï ìÝëëïí åíüò áíåðáíÜëçðôïõ öáéíïìÝíïõ ôçò ðïëéôéóôéêÞò êáé èñçóêåõôéêÞò ìáò æùÞò. Ç ¸êèåóç Èçóáõñþí ôïõ Áãßïõ Ïñïõò èá áíáðôõ÷èåß óå 16 áßèïõóåò ôïõ Ìïõóåßïõ Âõæáíôéíïý Ðïëéôéóìïý êáé èá ðåñéëáìâÜíåé ôÝóóåñéò âáóéêÝò åíüôçôåò: •Ôïõ öõóéêïý ðåñéâÜëëïíôïò •Ôïõ äïìçìÝíïõ ðåñéâÜëëïíôïò êáé ôçò ëáôñåßáò •Ôùí êåéìçëéáêþí èçóáõñþí Êáé óõãêåêñéìÝíá: ¸íá áðü ôá èÝìáôá ôçò Ýêèåóçò èá åßíáé ôï ðáñèÝíï êáé ìïíáäéêÞò ïìïñöéÜò öõóéêü ðåñéâÜëëïí ôïõ Áãßïõ ¼ñïõò. Ïé ðñþôïé áíá÷ùñçôÝò åðÝëåîáí ôç óõãêåêñéìÝíç ôïðïèåóßá ãéá íá âñßóêïíôáé ìáêñéÜ áðü ôéò ôüôå êïóìéêÝò ëåùöüñïõò ÁíáôïëÞòÄýóçò. Ôï ðåñéâÜëëïí áõôü äéáôçñÞèçêå ó÷åäüí áíÝðáöï óôï ðÝñáóìá ôùí áéþíùí, êáèþò ç ðïéêéëßá ôùí ìïñöþí ôçò ðáíßäáò êáé ôçò ÷ëùñßäáò äåí åðçñåÜóôçêå áðü ôçí áëüãéóôç åêìåôÜëëåõóç êáé ôéò áíåîÝëåãêôåò ðáñåìâÜóåéò ôïõ áíèñþðïõ. ÌÝóá ó’ áõôü ôï ðñïöõëáãìÝíï ðåñéâÜëëïí åîáéñåôéêïß ôå÷íßôåò äçìéïýñãçóáí áñ÷éôåêôïíéêÝò êáôáóêåõÝò ðïõ óôåãÜæïõí ìå áóöÜëåéá êáé ëåéôïõñãéêüôçôá ôçí êáèçìåñéíÞ êïéíÞ æùÞ êáé ëáôñåßá. Ôá áñ÷éêÜ ï÷õñÜ êôßóìáôá áðïôÝëåóáí ôï ðñþôï ðåñßãñáììá ãéá ôç äçìéïõñãßá ôùí êáôïðéíþí óýíèåôùí ïéêéóôéêþí óõãêñïôçìÜôùí. Ç áñ÷éôåêôïíéêÞ ôïõ Áãßïõ Ïñïõò, ðïõ éêáíïðïßçóå ôÝëåéá ôéò áíÜãêåò ôùí ìïíá÷þí, ðñïóÝöåñå áîéüëïãåò êáôáóêåõáóôéêÝò ëýóåéò êáé Ýäùóå óçìáíôéêÜ áéóèçôéêÜ áðïôåëÝóìáôá, èá áðïôåëÝóåé åðßóçò ôìÞìá ôçò ìåãÜëçò Ýêèåóçò.

Åëéò Áúëáíô ˜ óåë. 11

ðôåé üëï ôï åýñïò ôçò åèíéêÜ ðïëýìïñöçò ôïýôçò ÷þñáò êáé éäéáßôåñá ôçí Ðïëéôåßá ôçò ÍÝáò Õüñêçò, ôçí êáôÜ ðáñÜäïóç êõñéüôåñç ðýëç åéóüäïõ ìåôáíáóôþí, åðß ðïëëÝò äåêáåôßåò. Ç áðïíïìÞ ôïõò äåí ðáñÝ÷åé çèéêÞ éêáíïðïßçóç ìüíï ó’ áõôïýò ðïõ ëáìâÜíïõí ôá ìåôÜëëéá, áëëÜ áðïôåëåß êáé Ýììåóç åðéâñÜâåõóç åê ìÝñïõò ôçò åõñýôåñçò áìåñéêáíéêÞò êïéíùíßáò, óôéò åèíüôçôåò ðïõ åêðñïóùðïýí ïé äéáêñéèÝíôåò. Óôïõò öåôéíïýò áðïäÝêôåò, åêôüò áðü ôïí Áñ÷éåðßóêïðï, óõìðåñéëáìâÜíïíôáé êáé Üëëåò äéáêåêñéìÝíåò ðñïóùðéêüôçôåò ôçò åëëçíïáìåñéêáíéêÞò êïéíüôçôáò: Ï ê. Ðáíßêïò ÐáðáíéêïëÜïõ, ðñüåäñïò ôçò ÊõðñéáêÞò Ïìïóðïíäßáò ÁìåñéêÞò, ìáæß êáé ï ê. Íßêïò Ìïýãéáñçò, óôÝëå÷ïò ôïõ Ðáãêýðñéïõ (D.Panagos photo) ÓõíäÝóìïõ, áìöüôåñïé åêäüôåò ôçò çìåñÞóéáò åöçìåñßäáò «ÐñùéíÞ». Íá óçìåéùèåß üôé ðÝñõóé, ìå ôï ßäéï ìåôÜëëéï ôéìÞèçêå ç éäñýôñéá ôçò «ÐñùéíÞò» ê. ÖáíÞ ×üëéíôåú. Åðßóçò: Ï ê. Íéêüëáïò ÊïöéíÜò, äéêáóôÞò óôï Ìðñïýêëéí^ ç ê. ÐÜìåëá ÁíÜãêíïò-ËéáðÜêç, ðñþçí ðñüåäñïò ôçò Åíùóçò Ðïéíéêïëüãùí ÁìåñéêÞò êáé ìÝëïò ôïõ Áñ÷éåðéóêïðéêïý Óõìâïõëßïõ^ ï ê. ÓÜââáò Ôóßâéêïò, ðñüåäñïò ôïõ Óùìáôåßïõ «ÐáìðÜöéïò» êáé ìÝ÷ñé ðñüóöáôá ðñüåäñïò ôçò ÅðéôñïðÞò Äéêáéïóýíçò ãéá ôçí Êýðñï^ ï ê. ÍôÝíéò Ìßåë, åðé÷åéñçìáôßáò áðü ôçí ÍÝá Õüñêç^ ï ê. ÁíäñÝáò Êõðñéáíßäçò, åðßôéìïò ãåíéêüò

ÁëëÜ êáé ç ìïíáóôéêÞ æùÞ, üðùò âéþíåôáé ìÝóá ó’áõôü ôï ðåñéâÜëëïí , èá ðåñéëçöèåß óôá èÝìáôá ôçò äéïñãÜíùóçò: Ç ìÝñá ôïõ ìïíá÷ïý óôï êáèïëéêü, ôç óêÞôç êáé ôï êåëß, ìå êÝíôñï áíáöïñÜò ôï íáü, ôá Ýèéìá êáé ôïõò êáíüíåò óõìðåñéöïñÜò. Éäéáßôåñï åíäéáöÝñïí èá Ý÷åé ôï êåéìçëéáêü ìÝñïò ôçò Ýêèåóçò: Ôï ¢ãéï ¼ñïò äéáöõëÜóóåé Ýñãá ìíçìåéáêÞò æùãñáöéêÞò, áðü ôá ïðïßá èá åêôåèïýí ðåñéóóüôåñåò áðü 15.000 öïñçôÝò åéêüíåò, óõëëïãÞ åéêïíïãñáöçìÝíùí êáé ìç ÷åéñïãñÜöùí, 14.000 ðïëõÜñéèìá ìéêñïôå÷íÞìáôá, êåíôÞìáôá, îõëüãëõðôá êáé ëéèüãëõðôá, ÷áëêïãñáößåò, óöñáãßäåò, êåñáìéêÜ áëëÜ êáé ýìíïé -Ýñãá ãñáðôïý ëüãïõ Þ Üëëá ðáëáßôõðá êáé Ýããñáöá. Ôç äéá÷ñïíéêÞ áõôÞ óõëëïãÞ óõìðëçñþíïõí áêüìç óêåýç Þ Üëëá ÷ñåéþäç, ëåéôïõñãéêÜ êáé åêêëçóéáóôéêÜ áíôéêåßìåíá, üñãáíá êáé åñãáëåßá åñãáóôçñßùí, åîïðëéóìüò êáé Ýðéðëá ÷þñùí êáé åãêáôáóôÜóåùí, ðïõ äéáóþæïíôáé óôïí ¢èù êáé ôá êáèéäñýìáôÜ ôïõ. Ç Åêèåóç, ãéá ôçí ïðïßá åñãÜæïíôáé Þäç ðëÞèïò åéäéêïß åðéóôÞìïíáò, èá áðïôåëÝóåé ìéá ðñùôüãíùñç ãéá ôá Ýùò ôþñá äåäïìÝíá ðáñïõóßáóç. ÅíäåéêôéêÜ, 589 éåñÜ êáé éóôïñéêÜ êåéìÞëéá, áðü ôïí 10ï áéþíá ìÝ÷ñé óÞìåñá, èá åêôåèïýí êáëýðôïíôáò ôïí ðíåõìáôéêü âßï êáé ôçí êáëëéôå÷íéêÞ äçìéïõñãßá ôïõ Áèù. Ï ôñüðïò ðáñïõóßáóçò ôçò Ýêèåóçò âáóßæåôáé óå åìðåñéóôáôùìÝíç ìïõóåéïëïãéêÞ ìåëÝôç. Éäéáßôåñç óçìáóßá äüèçêå óôçí áðïöõãÞ ôçò ìåèüäïõ ôçò áðëÞò ðáñÜèåóçò áíôéêåéìÝíùí. Áíôßèåôá, åðé÷åéñåßôáé ç äçìéïõñãßá åíüò ðåñéâÜëëïíôïò ïéêåßïõ óôïí ðñïóêõíçôÞ, ðïõ èá åßíáé ëéôü áëëÜ êáé èá Ý÷åé åîïðëéóôåß ìå üëá ôá áðáñáßôçôá óôïé÷åßá ãéá ôçí êáëýôåñç áíÜäåéîç ôùí èåìÜôùí. Ç äéïñãÜíùóç ôçò Ýêèåóçò èçóáõñþí ôïõ Áãßïõ Ïñïõò óôç Èåóóáëïíßêç, ðñáãìáôïðïéåßôáé óå ìßá ðåñßïäï áõîçìÝíïõ äéåèíïýò åíäéáöÝñïíôïò ãéá ôï Âõæáíôéíü Ðïëéôéóìü. Öéëïäïîßá åßíáé íá «ìåôáöÝñåé» ìéá áðüëõôá ðéóôÞ åéêüíá ôïõ ìïíáäéêïý áõôïý ðïëéôéóìéêïý ÷þñïõ óôïõò ÷éëéÜäåò åðéóêÝðôåò, ðïõ ðñïâëÝðåôáé íá åðùöåëçèïýí ôçò ìïíáäéêÞò áõôÞò åõêáéñßáò êáé íá åðéêïéíùíÞóïõí ïõóéáóôéêÜ êáé óå âÜèïò ìå ôïí áíåêôßìçôï ðëïýôï ôçò Ïñèïäïîßáò êáé ôïõ Åëëçíéóìïý ðïõ öõëÜóóåôáé óôï «Ðåñéâüëé ôçò ÐáíáãéÜò».

ðñüîåíïò ôçò Êýðñïõ óôï Ëïò ¢íôæåëåò^ ï ê. Ãåííáßïò Ðéô Êüêêéíïò, ðåôñåëáéïðáñáãùãüò áðü ôï ÔÝîáò^ ï ê. Ðßôåñ ÃêÜæçò, ãéáôñüò áðü ôç Íüôéá Êáñïëßíá^ ï ê. Ôæïñôæ Ößëéïò, åðé÷åéñçìáôßáò áðü ôç ÍåâÜäá^ ï ê. Ôóáñëò ÊáíÜêçò áðü ôï Éëéíüé^ ï ê. Êùíóôáíôßíïò Êáíãêë, åðßóçò áðü ôï Éëéíüé êáé ï ê. Ëïýéò ÐÜðáí, ðïëéôåéáêüò âïõëåõôÞò óôï ÓáêñáìÝíôï ôçò Êáëéöüñíéáò. Ç ôåëåôÞ áðïíïìÞò Ýãéíå óôï ¸ëéò ¢úëáíô, ôï åðïíïìáæüìåíï «íçóß ôùí äáêñýùí êáé ôçò åëðßäáò», óôá ðëáßóéá åêäÞëùóçò óôéò 5 ÌáÀïõ. Áðü ôï 1986 ìÝ÷ñé óÞìåñá Ý÷ïõí ôéìçèåß ðÜíù áðü 700 ðñïóùðéêüôçôåò, ðñüåäñïé ôçò ÷þñáò, êáëëéôÝ÷íåò, áèëçôÝò, êõâåñíÞôåò, åðé÷åéñçìáôßåò êáé èñçóêåõôéêïß çãÝôåò. ÁíÜìåóÜ ôïõò åßíáé ðñüåäñïé ôùí ÇÐÁ, üðùò ïé Ñüíáëíô Ñßãêáí, Ñßôóáñíô Íßîïí, ÔæÝñáëíô Öïñíô êáé Ôæßìé ÊÜñôåñ, êõâåñíÞôåò üðùò ï ÌÜñéï Êïõüìï êáé ï Ôæïñôæ ÐáôÜêé, êáëëéôÝ÷íåò üðùò ï Öñáíê ÓéíÜôñá êáé ç Ãêëüñéá ÅóôåöÜí, ðïëéôéêïß êáé áãùíéóôÝò ôùí áíèñùðßíùí äéêáéùìÜôùí üðùò ç ÊïñÝôá Óêïô Êéíãê, ç Ñüæá Ðáñêò, ï ÉëÜé Ãïõßæåë, áèëçôÝò üðùò ïé Ìï÷Üìåíô Áëé, Ìßêé ÌÜíôëé êáé äçìïóéïãñÜöïé, üðùò ç ÌðÜñìðáñá Ãïõüëôåñò. Ôá ïíüìáôá åðéëÝãïíôáé áðü åéäéêÞ åðéôñïðÞ ôïõ Óõìâïõëßïõ, ìåôÜ áðü ðñïôÜóåéò óôåëå÷þí áðü äéÜöïñåò ìåéïíüôçôåò. Ðñüêåéôáé ãéá ôïí ìåãáëýôåñï åðßóçìá áíáãíùñéóìÝíï ïñãáíéóìü ðïõ ðñïùèåß ìå êÜèå ôñüðï ôçí áñìïíéêÞ óõìâßùóç ôùí åèíïôÞôùí ôçò ðüëçò.

5 ÌÁÚÏÕ 1997

ÓõãêëïíéóôéêÜ óôïé÷åßá ãéá ðáñáâéÜóåéò Áíèñþðéíùí ÄéêáéùìÜôùí óôçí Ôïõñêßá ÊÙÍÓÔÁÍÔÉÍÏÕÐÏËÇ- ÓõãêëïíéóôéêÜ óôïé÷åßá ãéá ðáñáâéÜóåéò ôùí áíèñþðéíùí äéêáéùìÜôùí ðïõ óçìåéþèçêáí óôçí Ôïõñêßá ôïí ðåñáóìÝíï ÌÜñôéï, ðáñïõóßáóå óå Üñèñï ôçò ç áããëüöùíç åöçìåñßäá “Turkish Daily News”. ÁíáöÝñåôáé üôé 8 Üôïìá Ý÷áóáí ôç æùÞ ôïõò êáé ïé äïëïöïíßåò ôïõò ðáñÝìåéíáí áíåîé÷íßáóôåò, 7 Üíèñùðïé èáíáôþèçêáí äéÜ åêôåëÝóåùò ÷ùñßò äßêç êáé ìåôÜ áðü âáóáíéóôÞñéá, 11 «åîáöáíßóôçêáí» åíþ âñßóêïíôáí õðü êñÜôçóç êáé 168 Üëëïé óêïôþèçêáí óå Ýíïðëåò óõìðëïêÝò. Áðü åðéèÝóåéò êáôÜ áìÜ÷ùí, ãñÜöåé ç åöçìåñßäá, õðÞñîáí 12 íåêñïß êáé 6 ôñáõìáôßåò, åíþ 48 Üôïìá âáóáíßóôçêáí, 2.190 Üíèñùðïé ôÝèçêáí õðü êñÜôçóç -áðü ôïõò ïðïßïõò ïé 41 Þôáí äçìïóéïãñÜöïé- êáé 107 ñß÷ôçêáí óôéò öõëáêÝò ÷ùñßò Üëëç äéáäéêáóßá. Ôï äçìïóßåõìá õðïóôçñßæåé åðßóçò, üôé 4 ÷ùñéÜ Þ ïéêéóìïß åêêåíþèçêáí, 10 ðåñéï÷Ýò âïìâáñäßóôçêáí, óå 6 åíþóåéò óõíäéêáëéóôéêÝò êáé äçìïóéïãñáöéêÝò áðáãïñåýôçêå ç ëåéôïõñãßá, åíþ áõôÞ ôç óôéãìÞ õðÜñ÷ïõí 150 êñáôïýìåíïé «óõíåéäÞóåùò» óôïõò ïðïßïõò ôá äéêáóôÞñéá Ý÷ïõí åðéâÜëëåé ðïéíÝò öõëÜêéóçò ðïõ îåðåñíïýí ôá 12 ÷ñüíéá êáé ÷ñçìáôéêÝò ðïéíÝò ðïëëþí åêáôïììõñßùí ëéñþí Ôïõñêßáò.

«×ñéóôüò ÐÜó÷ùí» êáé Åõñéðßäçò

ÈÅÓÓÁËÏÍÉÊÇ.- Ç æùÞ êáé ôá ÐÜèç ôïõ ×ñéóôïý óå áñìïíéêÞ óõíåýñåóç ìå áðïóðÜóìáôá áðü ôñáãùäßåò ôïõ Åõñéðßäç ðáñïõóéÜóôçêáí ôç ÌåãÜëç ÅâäïìÜäá óôçí Áñ÷áßá ÁãïñÜ ôçò Èåóóáëïíßêçò, óôá ðëáßóéá ôùí åêäçëþóåùí ôçò ÐïëéôéóôéêÞò Ðñùôåýïõóáò. Ðñüêåéôáé ãéá ôï Ýñãï «×ñéóôüò ÐÜó÷ùí», Ýíá ÷ñéóôéáíéêü êåßìåíï, ðïõ áíáöÝñåôáé óôá ÐÜèç ôïõ ×ñéóôïý êáé äé÷Üæåé åðß áéþíåò ôïõò ìåëåôçôÝò. ÐáñïõóéÜóôçêå ìå ÷ñÞóç áðïóðáóìÜôùí áðü ôéò ôñáãùäßåò ôïõ Åõñéðßäç «ÌÞäåéá», «ÂÜê÷åò» êáé «ÅêÜâç». Ìå ôïí ôñüðï áõôü, Ýíá Ýñãï ðïõ åêöñÜæåé ôçí áêñáéöíÞ ïñèüäïîç óôÜóç êáé ðáñïõóéÜæåé ôá ÐÜèç, ôçí ÔáöÞ êáé ôçí ÁíÜóôáóç ôïõ Éçóïý ìÝóá áðü ôïõò èñÞíïõò ôçò Èåïôüêïõ, óõíäõÜæåôáé ìå ôçí ðñïâëçìáôéêÞ ôïõ Ýñãïõ ôïõ Åõñéðßäç ìå áßóéï üìùò ôÝëïò, êáèþò ôï ôñáãéêü áäéÝîïäï áßñåôáé ìå ôçí ÁíÜóôáóç. Ôï Ýñãï «×ñéóôüò ÐÜó÷ùí» äé÷Üæåé éóôïñéêïýò êáé ìåëåôçôÝò åðß áéþíåò. Ôõðþèçêå ãéá ðñþôç öïñÜ óôç Ñþìç ôï 1542 êáé ðñïêÜëåóå óýã÷õóç. Ç âõæáíôéíÞ ðáñÜäïóç ôï áðïäßäåé óôïí Ãñçãüñéï Íáæéáíæçíü, êÜôé ðïõ áìöéóâçôïýí üìùò ïé Äõôéêïß ìåëåôçôÝò. Ôïí 19ï áéþíá ÃÜëëïé êáé Ãåñìáíïß åñåõíçôÝò ôï áðÝäùóáí êáé óå óõããñáöÝá ôçò åðï÷Þò ôùí Êïìíçíþí. Ôçí ðñþôç åêäï÷Þ õðïóôçñßæåé åìðåñéóôáôùìÝíç Ýñåõíá ðïõ äçìïóéåýôçêå óôç Ãáëëßá ôï 1969. Óôá åëëçíéêÜ ìåôáöñÜóôçêå ôï 1960 áðü ôïí ÁëÝîç Óïëùìü.

Óýíïäïò ãéá ôïí åèåëïíôéóìü ˜ óåë. 11

óôïé÷åßï ôïõ áìåñéêáíéêïý ôñüðïõ æùÞò. Ôçí åðïìÝíç, ï Óåâáóìéüôáôïò Ýêáíå ôçí ðñïóåõ÷Þ êáôÜ ôçí Ýíáñîç ôçò ôåëéêÞò óõíåäñßáóçò ìðñïóôÜ áðü ôï Êôßñéï Áíåîáñôçóßáò ôçò ÖéëáäÝëöåéáò. Ðñéí áðü ôç óõíåäñßáóç ôçò ÄåõôÝñáò, ï Áñ÷éåðßóêïðïò ê. Óðõñßäùí åðéóêÝöèçêå ôïí É. Êáèåäñéêü Íáü ôïõ Áãßïõ Ãåùñãßïõ, üðïõ êáé ðñïóåõ÷Þèçêå, åíþ ôï áðüãåõìá ôçò ßäéáò çìÝñáò åðÝóôñåøå åê íÝïõ óôçí Êïéíüôçôá ãéá íá åðéóêåöèåß ôï óõãêñüôçìá õðåñçëßêùí êáé íá óõíáíôÞóåé åëëçíïñèüäïîïõò ðéóôïýò ôçò ÖéëáäÝëöåéáò. Ç üëç åîüñìçóç ãéá ôïí Åèåëïíôéóìü îåêßíçóå ðñüóöáôá, üôáí æçôÞèçêå áðü ìåãÜëïõò ïñãáíéóìïýò êáé éäñýìáôá íá õðïóôçñßîïõí ìå óõãêåêñéìÝíåò äåóìåýóåéò ôçí üëç ðñïóðÜèåéá. ÁíÜìåóÜ ôïõò Þôáí êáé ç É. Áñ÷éåðéóêïðÞ, ï ïðïßá - üðùò Ýãñáøå êáé óå äýï ôåý÷ç ôï ðåñéïäéêü <Íéïýóãïõéê>- áíÝëáâå íá óõìâÜëëåé óôéò áíÜãêåò åíüò ðáéäéïý ãéá êÜèå äÝêá åëëçíïñèüäïîåò ïéêïãÝíåéåò ôçò ÷þñáò. Ç óõìâïëÞ áõôÞ ôçò É. Áñ÷éåðéóêïðÞò áíáöÝñèçêå åðßóçò êáé óå ó÷åôéêü Üñèñï ìå èÝìá ôïí óôñáôçãü ÐÜïõåë, óå ðñüóöáôç Ýêäïóç ôïõ ðåñéïäéêïý <ÐáñÝéíô>. Ï Óåâáóìéüôáôïò äåí ðáñÝëåéøå åîÜëëïõ íá áðåõèýíåé êÜëåóìá êáé ðñïò Üëëåò åêêëçóßåò, üðùò ôïõò Ñùìáéïêáèïëéêïýò êáé ôïõò ÂáðôéóôÝò, ìå ôçí ðñïôñïðÞ íá õéïèåôÞóïõí êÜôé áíÜëïãï. Ôï ðëÞñåò êåßìåíï ôçò ðñïóåõ÷Þò ôïõ ÓåâáóìéïôÜôïõ, äçìïóéåýåôáé ìå ôç ó÷åôéêÞ áíôáðüêñéóç, óôçí ðñþôç óåëßäá.

5 ÌÁÚÏÕ 1997



óáò ãéá ôéò Ïñèüäïîåò Êïéíüôçôåò óôéò Üëëåò ÷þñåò ðïõ ðñüóöáôá åðéóêåöèÞêáôå; Ø Ùò ãíùóôüí, ôï êáè’ çìÜò Ïéêïõìåíéêüí Ðáôñéáñ÷åßïí, åéò ×üíãê-Êüíãê, ðñïíïÞóáí, ßäñõóå Ìçôñüðïëéí êáé åðÝëåîå ðñþôïí ÉåñÜñ÷çí åê ôïõ êëÞñïõ ôçò ÁìåñéêÞò åéò ïéêïäïìÞí åíüò Ýñãïõ, åéò ôï ïðïßïí áðïäßäåé éäéáéôÝñáí óçìáóßáí ç ÌÞôçñ Åêêëçóßá. Ïé åíôõðþóåéò åê ôçò Áõóôñáëßáò êáé ôçò ÍÝáò Æçëáíäßáò õðÞñîáí ìÝãá âÜëóáìïí äé’ çìÜò. @ Ç êáôÜóôáóç óôçí Áëâáíßá áíçóõ÷åß êÜèå óþöñïíá Üíèñùðï. ÐïéÜ èá Þôáí ç óõìâïõëÞ óáò óôïõò äïêéìáæüìåíïõò åêåß Ïñèïäüîïõò, áëëÜ êáé ãéá ôçí óõìâïëÞ ôçò Ïñèïäïîßáò óôçí åéñÞíåõóç ôçò ðåñéï÷Þò; Ø Ç óõìâïõëÞ ìáò åßíáé, üðùò êáôÜ ôçí üíôùò ôñáãéêÞí áõôÞí äïêéìáóßáí ïé Ïñèüäïîïé ðáñáìåßíïõí ðñïóçëùìÝíïé åéò ôçí ðßóôéí, üôé ï öéëÜíèñùðïò Èåüò äåí áöÞíåé áõôïýò ïñöáíïýò êáé ìüíïõò. Åßìåèá åîÜëëïõ, ðïëëïß åêåßíïé, ïé ïðïßïé ðñïóåõ÷üìåèá êáé åñãáæüìåèá äéÜ ôçí áðïêáôÜóôáóéí ôçò åõôáîßáò åéò ôçí äåéíïðáèïýóáí ÷þñáí êáé åêöñÜæïìåí ðáíôïéïôñüðùò ôçí óõìðáñÜóôáóéí çìþí ðñüò ôïí Áñ÷éåðßóêïðïí áõôþí Ìáêáñéþôáôïí êýñéïí ÁíáóôÜóéïí, ï ïðïßïò ðáñáìÝíåé åéò ôáò åðÜëîåéò êáé ðÜó÷åé ìåôÜ ôùí ðáó÷üíôùí. Ïé ðåñßïéêïé êáé åí ãÝíåé ïé Ïñèüäïîïé ëáïß, ðáñÜ ôáò éäßáò áõôþí äõó÷åñåßáò, åßìåèá âÝâáéïé üôé óõìðÜó÷ïõí åéëéêñéíþò. Åßíáé ãíùóôüí, åéäéêþôåñá, üôé ç ÅëëÜäá åðùìßæåôáé ðñïèýìùò êáé åðéôõ÷þò Ýíá ìåãÜëï ìÝñïò ôùí äõóêïëéþí ôïõ áëâáíéêïý ëáïý. @ ÕðÜñ÷åé óõãêåêñéìÝíç ðñüïäïò üóïí áöïñÜ ôïõò ðïéêßëïõò äéáëüãïõò ìåôáîý ôïõ Ïéêïõìåíéêïý Ðáôñéáñ÷åßïõ êáé ôùí Ñùìáéïêáèïëéêþí, Âáðôéóôþí êáé Üëëùí ïìÜäùí; Ø Ç Ïñèüäïîïò Åêêëçóßá äéåîÜãåé áðü åôþí ðïëëïýò äéìåñåßò èåïëïãéêïýò äéáëüãïõò, êÜðïéïé åî áõôþí Ý÷ïõí ïëïêëçñùèÞ ìå èåôéêÜ áðïôåëÝóìáôá. Áëëïé óõíå÷ßæïíôáé. Äé’ ïñéóìÝíïõò åìöáíßæïíôáé äõó÷Ýñåéáé. ÕðÜñ÷åé êáé ãåíéêþôåñá, êÜðïéá ïéêïõìåíéêÞ êüðùóéò. ÐáñÜ ôáýôá åðéâÜëëåôáé áðïöõãÞ ôïõ ðåéñáóìïý åðéóôñïöÞò åéò áðïìïíùôéêÞí áõôáñÝóêåéáí. @ ÐïéÜ åßíáé ç åíôýðùóÞ óáò ãéá ôçí ÈåïëïãéêÞ Ó÷ïëÞ Ôéìßïõ Óôáõñïý êáé ãéá ôçí èÝóç ôçò óôï Ïñèüäïîï åêðáéäåõôéêü


Á í á ã í þ ó ô ç ò

óôåñÝùìá, ßóùò ùò «äéáäü÷ïõ» óôçí ðñÜîç ôçò ÈåïëïãéêÞò Ó÷ïëÞò ôçò ×Üëêçò; Ø H åêôßìçóéò çìþí äéÜ ôï Ýñãïí ôçò ÈåïëïãéêÞò Ó÷ïëÞò ôïõ Ôéìßïõ Óôáõñïý åßíáé ìåãÜëç. ÃíùóôÞ äå ôõã÷Üíåé ç ðñïóöïñÜ áõôÞò, ü÷é ìüíïí ðñïò ôçí êáè’ çìÜò ÉåñÜí Áñ÷éåðéóêïðÞí ÁìåñéêÞò. Äåí ðñÝðåé âåâáßùò íá ëçóìïíÞôáé, üôé Ýêáóôïí Éäñõìá Ý÷åé ôçí éäßáí áõôïý éóôïñßáí, öõóéïãíùìßáí êáé áðïóôïëÞí. Åéäéêþôåñá, üóïí áöïñÜ åéò ôçí êáôÜ ×Üëêçí ÉåñÜí ÈåïëïãéêÞí Ó÷ïëÞí, äåí õðÜñ÷ïõí õðïêáôÜóôáôá. Êáé åììÝíïìåí áíõðï÷ùñÞôùò åéò ôï áßôçìá åðáíáëåéôïõñãßáò áõôÞò ôï ôá÷ýôåñïí äõíáôüí. @ Ç ìåãáëýôåñç ðñüêëçóç ðïõ áíôéìåôùðßæåé ôï ðëÞñùìá ôçò Åêêëçóßáò ìáò óôçí ÁìåñéêÞ åßíáé ï êßíäõíïò áöïìïßùóçò Þ áëëïôñßùóçò, éäéáßôåñá ãéá ôéò íÝåò ãåíåÝò. Ôß îå÷ùñßæåé óôï ïðëïóôÜóéï ôçò Ïñèïäïîßáò ãéá ôç èùñÜêéóç ôçò Íåïëáßáò; ÐïéÜ ðñÝðåé íá åßíáé ç ðñáêôéêÞ áíôéìåôþðéóç ôçò ðëçììõñßäáò ôùí ìéêôþí ãÜìùí êáé ôçò öèßíïõóáò ðïñåßáò ôùí åëëçíéêþí ãñáììÜôùí óôçí ÁìåñéêÞ; Ø Ôá ðñïâëÞìáôá åßíáé ãíùóôÜ, ðïëëÜ, ðïëëáðëáóéáæüìåíá. Å÷ïõí óõæçôçèåß åðáíåéëçììÝíùò, êáé åðéâÜëëåôáé ç óõíÝ÷éóéò ôïõ ðñïâëçìáôéóìïý êáé ôçò áíáæçôÞóåùò ôùí êáëõôÝñùí êáé ðëÝïí áðïôåëåóìáôéêþí ëýóåùí. Ç ÌÞôçñ Åêêëçóßá ôçò Êùíóôáíôéíïõðüëåùò äåí åðéèõìåß åðéâïëÞí ìÝôñùí Üíùèåí. Ôüóïí åìåßò, áðü ôïõ Öáíáñßïõ, üóïí êáé ïé êáôÜ ôüðïõò ÉåñÜñ÷áé, áðåõèõíüìåèá ðñïò üëïõò. Êáé åíèáññýíïìåí ôïõò ðÜíôáò åéò áõôåíÝñãåéáí: ôçí ïéêïãÝíåéáí, ôçí åíïñßáí, ôá ó÷ïëåßá, ôïõò óõëëïãéêïýò öïñåßò ôçò ÏìïãÝíåéáò, ôáò Ïñãáíþóåéò ôùí íÝùí. Ãíùñßæïìåí ôçí ðáñÜëëçëïí ìÝñéìíáí ôïõ ìçôñïðïëéôéêïý Åëëçíéóìïý. Ôï ÃÝíïò Ý÷åé áðïäåßîåé åðáíåéëçììÝíùò, üôé üôáí èÝëç, äýíáôáé! ÈÝëçóéí, ëïéðüí, óõíéóôþìåí ðñùôßóôùò êáé åí ðñïêåéìÝíù. @ ÐïéÜ åßíáé ôá ìçíýìáôÜ óáò ãéá ôï ðëÞñùìá ôçò Áñ÷éåðéóêïðÞò ÁìåñéêÞò åí üøåé ôçò åäþ åðéêåéìÝíçò åðéóêÝøåþò óáò ôï Öèéíüðùñï; Ø Ðñïãåõüìåèá ôçò ÷áñÜò åðß ôç åðéêåéìÝíç óõíáíôÞóåé. Ôï áõôü åõåëðéóôïýìåí üôé áéóèÜíåôáé êáé ç áíôßðåñáí ü÷èç! Êáé, åð’åõêáéñßá, áðåõèýíïìåí ðáôñéêüí áóðáóìüí êáé Ðáôñéáñ÷éêÞí åõëïãßáí ðñïò ðÜíôáò âåâáßùò, éäßùò üìùò ðñïò ôçí Ïñèüäïîïí íåïëáßáí ôçò ÁìåñéêÞò, åéò ôçí ïðïßáí ðñïóâëÝðïìåí ìåôÜ ðïëëÞò óôïñãÞò êáé áãÜðçò.



• Ôï ðñþôï áìéãþò åëëçíéêü óýóôçìá õøçëÞò ôå÷íïëïãßáò ãéá O.C.R. ðïõ ðñïóöÝñåé åðáããåëìáôéêÞ ëýóç óôï ðñüâëçìá åéóáãùãÞò ìåãÜëïõ üãêïõ ôõðùìÝíùí êåéìÝíùí óå õðïëïãéóôÞ ÷ùñßò ðëçêôñïëüãçóç. • Áíáãíùñßæåé ÅëëçíéêÜ (ìïíïôïíéêÜ-ðïëõôïíéêÜ), ËáôéíéêÜ (ÁããëéêÜ, ÃáëëéêÜ, ÃåñìáíéêÜ êëð.) Þ ìéêôÜ ôõðùìÝíáäáêôõëïãñáöçìÝíá êåßìåíá ìå õøçëü ðïóïóôü ïñèÞò áíáãíþñéóçò (>99%). • ÔõðùìÝíá êåßìåíá ðïõ ðñïÝñ÷ïíôáé áðü åöçìåñßäåò, ðåñéïäéêÜ, âéâëßá êëð. åéóÜãïíôáé óôïí õðïëïãéóôÞ ìÝóù óáñùôÞ (scanner) êáé óôç óõíÝ÷åéá ôï ðñüãñáììá “Áíáãíþóôçò” ôá áíáãíùñßæåé êáé ôá ìåôáôñÝðåé óå áñ÷åßá ASCII åðåîåñãÜóéìá áðü ïðïéïíäÞðïôå åðåîåñãáóôÞ êåéìÝíïõ. • Áíáãíùñßæåé êåßìåíá óå ìåãÜëç ðïéêéëßá ãñáììáôïóåéñþí ðáñÝ÷ïíôáò åðéðëÝïí ôç äõíáôüôçôá óôï ÷ñÞóôç íá åêðáéäåýåé ôï óýóôçìá óå íÝåò ãñáììáôïóåéñÝò. • Äéáôßèåôáé óå åêäüóåéò ãéá Windows, DOS êáé óå åéäéêÞ Ýêäïóç ãéá Üôïìá ìå ðñïâëÞìáôá üñáóçò. IDEATECH S.A. - 46 Trikalon str. Athens GR-115 27 GREECE Ôel.: +301 7791512, Fax No: +301 7773696, E-Mail Address:


ÍÅÁ ÕÏÑÊÇ.- Ï õðïõñãüò ÅèíéêÞò Ïéêïíïìßáò ê. ÃéÜííïò Ðáðáíôùíßïõ åðéóêÝöèçêå ôïí Óåâáóìéüôáôï óôá ðëáßóéá ðåñéïäåßáò ôïõ óôéò ÇÐÁ. ÓõæÞôçóáí èÝìáôá ðïõ áöïñïýí ôçí ÏìïãÝíåéá êáé ï Åëëçíáò õðïõñãüò åîÝöñáóå óôïí Áñ÷éåðßóêïðï ÁìåñéêÞò ôçí «ðëÞñç óôÞñéîç ôçò åëëçíéêÞò êõâÝñíçóçò óôï ðÜñá ðïëý óïâáñü Ýñãï ðïõ åðéôåëåß ç Åêêëçóßá óôçí ÁìåñéêÞ».

ÍÅÁ ÕÏÑÊÇ.- Ôïí éäéáßôåñï ëüãï ðïõ Ý÷åé ç Åêêëçóßá ðÜíù óôá åëëçíéêÜ èÝìáôá õðïãñÜììéóå ï Åëëçíáò õöõðïõñãüò ¢ìõíáò ê. Äçì. ÁðïóôïëÜêçò, ðïõ åðéóêÝöèçêå ôïí Áñ÷éåðßóêïðï Óðõñßäùíá. Ï Óåâáóìéüôáôïò ÷áñáêôÞñéóå ôç óõíÜíôçóÞ ôïõò «åãêÜñäéá, ÷ñÞóéìç êáé åðïéêïäïìçôéêÞ»



Áð’ åäþ... ÅÊÈÅÓÇ ÌÅ 22 Ýñãá ôïõ Öþôç Êüíôïãëïõ, åíüò áðü ôïõò óçìáíôéêüôåñïõò ¸ëëçíåò æùãñÜöïõò ôïõ áéþíá ìáò êáé ìå ôßôëï <Áíôáýãåéåò ôïõ Âõæáíôßïõ óôïí 20ï Áéþíá>, èá ðáñïõóéÜóåé ôï ºäñõìá Åëëçíéêïý Ðïëéôéóìïý óôç ÍÝá Õüñêç, óôï äéÜóôçìá 7 ÌáÀïõ Ýùò 8 Éïõíßïõ 1997. ÐïëõäéÜóôáôïò êáëëéôÝ÷íçò, ü÷é ìüíï æùãñÜöïò áëëÜ êáé óõããñáöÝáò, ï Êüíôïãëïõ (1896-1965), áðü ôï Áúâáëß ôçò ÌéêñÜò Áóßáò, óöñÜãéóå ôçí åðï÷Þ ôïõ ìå ôï ÷áñáêôçñéóôéêü âõæáíôéíü ôïõ ýöïò êáé ôå÷íïôñïðßá. Ôá Ýñãá ôïõ åßíáé åìðíåõóìÝíá áðü ôçí Ïñèïäïîßá, ôçí êëáóéêÞ áñ÷áéüôçôá êáé ôçí éóôïñßá. Áíôßèåôïò óôá óýã÷ñïíá åõñùðáúêÜ ñåýìáôá, ï Öþôçò Êüíôïãëïõ åß÷å áäéáìöéóâÞôçôç åðßäñáóç óôç äéáìüñöùóç ôçò åëëçíéêÞò æùãñáöéêÞò.

ÂÂÂÂ Ç ÊÁÈËÉÍ ÊÅÍÅÍÔÉ-ÔÜïõíóåíô, êüñç ôïõ áåßìíçóôïõ Ñüìðåñô ÊÝíåíôé, ç ïðïßá åîåëÝãç áíôéêõâåñíÞôçò ôçò ðïëéôåßáò ÌÝñéëáíô ôùí Ç.Ð.Á., ðñüêåéôáé íá åðéóêåöèåß ôç Èåóóáëïíßêç, ãéá íá èáõìÜóåé áðü êïíôÜ ôïõò áíåêôßìçôïõò èçóáõñïýò ôïõ Áãßïõ Oñïõò ðïõ èá åêôåèïýí óôç ìáêåäïíéêÞ ðñùôåýïõóá. Åßíáé ãíùóôÞ ãéá ôçí áãÜðç êáé ôï åíäéáöÝñïí ôçò ãéá ôçí ÅëëÜäá êáé áðïäÝ÷ôçêå ãéá ôï êáëïêáßñé ðñüóêëçóç íá åðéóêåöèåß ôçí ÅëëÜäá ãéá Ýíá áíáâÜðôéóìá êáé ðñïóêýíçìá óôïí éåñü âñÜ÷ï ôçò Áêñüðïëçò, óôï íáü ôçò äçìïêñáôßáò, ôçò åëåõèåñßáò êáé ôïõ ðïëéôéóìïý. Aîéïóçìåßùôï åßíáé üôé ç áíôéêõâåñíÞôçò ôïõ ÌÝñéëáíô Ý÷åé êÜíåé åéäéêÞ äéáôñéâÞ óôï ÐáíåðéóôÞìéï Harvard ãéá ôéò áñ÷áéüôçôåò ôçò ÊñÞôçò êáé ôçò Ìáêåäïíßáò, åíþ ï óýæõãïò ôçò äéäÜóêåé áñ÷áßá åëëçíéêÜ óôï ÐáíåðéóôÞìéï ôïõ ÌÝñéëáíô.

<Ñéöéöß> óôïí ÐáíÜãéï ÔÜöï... ÉÅÑÏÕÓÁËÇÌ.— ÌåãÜëç Ýíôáóç Ý÷åé ôóéìåíôüëéèïõò ôïí åíäéÜìåóï ôïß÷ï êáé íá äçìéïõñãçèåß óôéò ó÷Ýóåéò ìåôáîý ôçò åíóùìáôþóïõí óôï ôæáìß äýï áßèïõóåò ÷ñéóôéáíéêÞò êáé ôçò ìïõóïõëìáíéêÞò ðïõ áíÞêáí óôï êôéñéáêü óõãêñüôçìá ôçò êïéíüôçôáò óôçí ÉåñïõóáëÞì, ðïõ ðáñÜ åêêëçóßáò. • Óôçí ôñßôç —êáé èñáóýôåñç— ôéò ðñïóðÜèåéåò åêôüíùóÞò ôçò, äåß÷íåé íá äéïãêïýôáé ëüãù ôçò ðñïêëçôéêüôçôáò ðñüêëçóç, éóëáìéóôÝò áêñáßùí ðåðïéôçò ìïõóïõëìáíéêÞò õðçñåóßáò ðïõ èÞóåùí Ýóêáøáí õðüãåéá óýñáããá ìå äéá÷åéñßæåôáé ôá éóëáìéêÜ ìíçìåßá êáé óêïðü, üðùò êáôÜããåéëå ï ÐáôñéÜñ÷çò Äéüäùñïò, íá êôßñéá óôçí ÉåêáôáëÜâïõí Þ ñïõóáëÞì, áëëÜ íá ëåçëáôÞóïõí êáé ôçò äéóôáêáé âåâçëþóïõí êôéêüôçôáò ðïõ ôïí ßäéï ôïí Ðáåðéäåéêíýïõí ïé íÜãéï ÔÜöï. áñ÷Ýò ôïõ ÉóÅíôïðßóôçêå ôç ñáÞë óôï íá ÌåãÜëç ÔåôÜñåðÝìâïõí áðïôç, áðü ôñýðá öáóéóôéêÜ êáé óôï äÜðåäï ôïõ íá åðéâÜëëïõí íáïý, åíþ ç Üëëç ôïõò íüìïõò. Üêñç ôçò õðüÏé ðñïêëÞãåéáò óôïÜò ïäçóåéò ôùí ìïõãïýóå óôï ðáóïõëìÜíùí êáôÜ ôïõ ×ñéóôéá- ÉåñÝáò ôïõ Ðáôñéáñ÷åßïõ Éåñïóïëýìùí äåß÷íåé ôçí ñáêåßìåíï ôæáìß. Ç ÷ñéóôéáíéóìïý, Ý÷ïõí ìåóüðïñôá ðïõ óöñÜãéóáí ïé ìïõóïõëìÜíïé íéêÞ êïéíüôçôá Üìåóï óôü÷ï ôï áðïêüðôïíôáò ôá äõü êáôáðáôçèÝíôá äùìÜôéá. Ðáôñéáñ÷åßï Éåñïóïëýìùí êáé öáßíåôáé ôçò ÉåñïõóáëÞì æÞôçóå ôçí ðáñÝìâáóç ðùò åíôÜóóïíôáé óå ìåèïäåõìÝíï ó÷Ýäéï, ôïõ éóñáçëéíïý ðñùèõðïõñãïý êáé ôïõ ìå ÝíäåéêôéêÜ ôá åîÞò ðñüóöáôá åðåé- äçìÜñ÷ïõ ôçò ðüëçò, áëëÜ ç áíçóõ÷ßá äåí óüäéá, üðùò ìåôáäþèçêáí áðü ôá åéäç- åîÝëåéøå êáèþò äåí áðïêëåßåôáé íá óåïãñáöéêÜ ðñáêôïñåßá êáé óýìöùíá ìå õðÜñîïõí êáé íÝåò ðñïêëÞóåéò áðü ôïõò ôéò áðåãíùóìÝíåò êáôáããåëßåò ôïõ Ðá- öáíáôéêïýò ìïõóïõëìÜíïõò. ÁíÜëïãç Ýêêëçóç Ýêáíå êáé ï Áñ÷éåðßôñéáñ÷åßïõ: • Ôï ðñþôï «êñïýóìá» Þôáí ç êáôá- óêïðïò ÁìåñéêÞò ê. Óðõñßäùí, ìå åðéóôïëÝò óêåõÞ áðï÷ùñçôçñßùí êõñéïëåêôéêÜ óå ôïõ ðñïò ôï ðñùèõðïõñãü ôïõ ÉóñáÞë áðüóôáóç... áíáðíïÞò áðü ôïí éåñü íáü Âåíéáìßí ÍåôáíéÜ÷ïõ êáé ôïí äÞìáñ÷ï ôçò ôçò ÁíáóôÜóåùò, þóôå -üðùò åîÞãçóáí- ÉåñïõóáëÞì Å÷ïýíô ÏëìÝñô, õðïãñáìíá åîõðçñåôïýíôáé ïé ìïõóïõëìÜíïé ìßæïíôáò ôï Üôïðï ðáñüìïéùí åðåéóïäßùí ðñïóêõíçôÝò ôïõ ðáñáêåßìåíïõ ôåìÝíïõò. óå ÷þñï üðùò ï ÐáíÜãéïò ÔÜöïò êáé • Óôç óõíÝ÷åéá, åêìåôáëëåýôçêáí ôçí æçôþíôáò ôç ìåóïëÜâçóÞ ôïõò ãéá íá áðïõóßá ìïíá÷ïý ï ïðïßïò Ýìåíå óôï íáü åðáíÝëèåé ç ìáêñáßùíç áôìüóöáéñá ôïõ Ðáíáãßïõ ÔÜöïõ, ãéá íá ÷ôßóïõí ìå åéñçíéêÞò óõìâßùóçò óôçí ðåñéï÷Þ.

ÂÂÂÂ Ç ÅÄÑÁ ÅËÕÔÇ ôïõ Ðáíåðéóôçìßïõ «ÑÜôãêåñò», óå óõíåñãáóßá ìå ôïí Åëëçíéêü Ðïëéôéóôéêü Óýëëïãï ôçò ÍÝáò ÉåñóÝçò, ðáñïõóßáóå óõíáõëßá âõæáíôéíÞò ìïõóéêÞò ìå ôïí ôßôëï «Ôç ÕðåñìÜ÷ù» êáé ìå ôç ÷ïñùäßá ôïõ ìïõóéêïý éäñýìáôïò «Óð. ÐåñéóôÝñçò» õðü ôç äéåýèõíóç ôïõ ÐñùôïøÜëôç ÄçìÞôñéïõ ÖïõóôÝñç. Ôï ðñüãñáììá ðåñéëÜìâáíå ýìíïõò ôçò ÌåãÜëçò ÓáñáêïóôÞò êáé óõììåôåß÷áí ãíùóôïß óïëßóô áðü ôç ÌçôñïðïëéôéêÞ ¼ðåñá ÍÝáò Õüñêçò êáé ôçí ¼ðåñá Ìüó÷áò. Ç óõíáõëßá äüèçêå óôï ðáñåêêëÞóé ôïõ êïëåãßïõ ÍôÜãêëáò ìå ìåãÜëç óõììåôï÷Þ êïéíïý.

ÂÂÂÂ Ï ÓÕËËÏÃÏÓ Åëëçíïáìåñéêáíþí Åêðáéäåõôéêþí ðñáãìáôïðïßçóå óõíÝäñéï ìå ïìéëÞôñéåò ôç äéêáóôéêü Ãéüñêá ËéíÜêéò, ôçí ðñüåäñï ôïõ Äéêôýïõ Åëëçíïáìåñéêáíßäùí, Áíáóôáóßá Íßêïëáò êáé ôçí ðñÜêôïñá ôïõ Ïìïóðïíäéáêïý Ãñáöåßïõ Åñåõíþí (FBI) Ðáôñßóéá ÊïõñÝáò. Ìßëçóáí ãéá ôá ðñïâëÞìáôá áëëÜ êáé ôéò åõêáéñßåò ðïõ áíôéìåôùðßæïõí üëåò ïé ãõíáßêåò êáé óõãêåêñéìÝíá ïé åëëçíéêÞò êáôáãùãÞò, óôçí íÝá ÷éëéåôçñßäá ðïõ ðëçóéÜæåé.







íßïõ - 15 Éïõ âñßïõ õ ßï ë é ù 1 Áðñ 31 Ïêô âñßïõ ì å ô ð å 16 Ó





15 Éïõí

ßïõ - 1




 ÔÇÍ AÓÊÇÓÇ ðéÝóåùí ðñïò ôçí ¢ãêõñá ðñïêåéìÝíïõ íá óôáìáôÞóåé ôçí åêóôñáôåßá åêöïâéóìïý óå âÜñïò ôùí «êÝíôñùí áðïêáôÜóôáóçò èõìÜôùí âáóáíéóìïý» ðïõ ëåéôïõñãïýí óôçí Ôïõñêßá, æÞôçóáí áðü ôçí áìåñéêáíéêÞ êõâÝñíçóç ïñãáíþóåéò ãéá ôçí ðñïóôáóßá ôùí áíèñùðßíùí äéêáéùìÜôùí. Ï äéåõèõíôÞò ðáñüìïéïõ êÝíôñïõ ðïõ åäñåýåé óôç ÌéíåÜðïëç, ìéëþíôáò óôçí áñìüäéá åðéôñïðÞ ôïõ ÊïãêñÝóïõ, êáôÞããåéëå üôé ç åêóôñáôåßá åêöïâéóìïý ôùí êÝíôñùí áðïêáôÜóôáóçò Üñ÷éóå üôáí ç ôïõñêéêÞ êõâÝñíçóç äéáðßóôùóå ðùò ðáñåß÷áí óôçí êõâÝñíçóç ôùí ÇÐÁ óôïé÷åßá ó÷åôéêÜ ìå ôçí ðñáêôéêÞ ôùí âáóáíéóôçñßùí óôçí Ôïõñêßá.



5 ÌÁÚÏÕ 1997

...Áð’ åêåß ËÉÌÍÁÆÏÍÔÁ ýäáôá ôÜñáîå ï Ïéêïõìåíéêüò ÐáôñéÜñ÷çò ìå ðñüóöáôç äÞëùóÞ ôïõ óå äçìïóéïãñÜöïõò, üôé ç ÑùìáéïêáèïëéêÞ Åêêëçóßá èá Ýðñåðå íá åíôá÷èåß óôï Ðáãêüóìéï Óõìâïýëéï Åêêëçóéþí êáé ìÜëéóôá ðñéí áðü ôçí 50ç åðÝôåéï áðü ôçò éäñýóåþò ôïõ, ðïõ èá åïñôáóôåß ôï 1998. Óçìåéþíåôáé üôé ôï Ð.Ó.Å. åðáíåîåôÜæåé ôçí åðï÷Þ áõôÞ ôï üëï ðëÝãìá ïñãÜíùóçò êáé äñáóôçñéïôÞôùí ôïõ, êáèþò êáé óõãêåêñéìÝíç ðñüôáóç äçìéïõñãßáò íÝïõ ïéêïõìåíéêïý öïñÝá ðïõ èá óõìðåñéëÜìâáíå ôï Âáôéêáíü êáé Üëëåò äéêáéïäïóßåò ðïõ óÞìåñá äåí åßíáé ìÝëç ôïõ Óõìâïõëßïõ.

ÂÂÂÂ Ç ÖÔÙ×ÏÔÅÑÇ ÷þñá ôçò ÅõñùðáúêÞò ¸íùóçò åßíáé ç ÅëëÜäá êáé ç ðëïõóéüôåñç ôï Ëïõîåìâïýñãï, óýìöùíá ìå ôï äåëôßï ÓôáôéóôéêÞò ðïõ áíáöÝñåôáé óôï êáôÜ êåöáëÞ åéóüäçìá ôùí êáôïßêùí ôùí 15 ÷ùñþí ðïõ ôçí áðáñôßæïõí. Óôéò åðß ìÝñïõò ìåôñÞóåéò ãåùãñáöéêþí äéáìåñéóìÜôùí, ç ¹ðåéñïò Ýñ÷åôáé ôåëåõôáßá, ìå ôï Áìâïýñãï óôçí ðñþôç èÝóç. Ìå âáóéêü åõñùðáúêü óõíôåëåóôÞ ôï 100, ôï ìÝóï åéóüäçìá ôùí ÅëëÞíùí âñßóêåôáé óôï 65 (ç ¹ðåéñïò ìüëéò óôï 43), åíþ ôï Ëïõîåìâïýñãï åßíáé óôï 169 êáé ôï Áìâïýñãï ôçò Ãåñìáíßáò îåðåñíÜ ôéò 196 ìïíÜäåò.

 ÁÍÔÉÐÑÏÓÙÐÅÉÁ ôïõ ãåñìáíéêïý Êïéíïâïõëßïõ, ðïõ ðÞãå óôçí Êùíóôáíôéíïýðïëç ãéá íá ìåëåôÞóåé ôçí êáôÜóôáóç ôùí áíèñþðéíùí äéêáéùìÜôùí, Ýãéíå äåêôÞ óå áêñüáóç áðü ôïí Ïéêïõìåíéêü ÐáôñéÜñ÷ç êáé åß÷å ìáæß ôïõ ìáêñÜ óõæÞôçóç ãéá ôá ðñïâëÞìáôá ðïõ áíôéìåôùðßæåé ôï Ïéêïõìåíéêü Ðáôñéáñ÷åßï. Ïé åðôÜ Ãåñìáíïß âïõëåõôÝò äÞëùóáí áñãüôåñá üôé óôéò åêèÝóåéò ðïõ èá åôïéìÜóïõí èá ðåñéëÜâïõí êáé ôá ðñïâëÞìáôá ðïõ áíôéìåôùðßæåé ç åëëçíéêÞ ìåéïíüôçôá êáé ôï Ïéêïõìåíéêü Ðáôñéáñ÷åßï, åíþ åðÝêñéíáí ôç óõíå÷éæüìåíç Üñíçóç ôçò ôïõñêéêÞò êõâÝñíçóçò íá ÷ïñçãÞóåé ôçí Üäåéá åðáíáëåéôïõñãßáò ôçò ÈåïëïãéêÞò Ó÷ïëÞò ôçò ×Üëêçò.

 ÓÔÇÍ ÏÑÈÏÄÏÎÇ Ñùóßá, áíôéìÝôùðïé ìå ôçí áíåîÝëåãêôç åãêëçìáôéêüôçôá, áêüìç êáé ïé éåñùìÝíïé åîïðëßæïíôáé: ¸íáò ðáðÜò, äõï êáëüãñéåò êáé ï êáíôçëáíÜöôçò áðïìïíùìÝíçò åêêëçóßáò, áðÝêñïõóáí åðßäïîïõò Ýíïðëïõò ëçóôÝò ìå ðõñïâïëéóìïýò, ÷ùñßò åõôõ÷þò íá õðÜñîïõí èýìáôá. Ï éåñÝáò, áøçöþíôáò ôéò ðñïò ôï áíôßèåôï åðéôáãÝò ôçò Åêêëçóßáò, åß÷å ðñïìçèåõôåß óôç «ìáýñç áãïñÜ» ðõñïâüëï üðëï êáé âïÞèçóå ôéò êáëüãñéåò êáé ôï íåùêüñï íá êÜíïõí ôï ßäéï...

 ÔÏ ÔÑÅÍÔÏ ôçò Éôáëßáò åðéóêÝðôåôáé óôéò 19 ÌáÀïõ ï Ïéêïõìåíéêüò ÐáôñéÜñ÷çò ê. Âáñèïëïìáßïò ãéá íá ðáñáóôåß óôéò åêäçëþóåéò ãéá ôá 1600 ÷ñüíéá áö’ üôïõ ìáñôýñçóáí ãéá ôçí Ðßóôç ôïõò ôñåéò äéÜêïíïé ôçò Åêêëçóßáò, óôéò 29 ÌáÀïõ ôïõ 397 ì.×.

 ÃÑÏÍÈÏÊÏÐÇÌÁÔÁ âåâÞëùóáí ôçí éåñüôçôá ôïõ ÌåãÜëïõ ÓáââÜôïõ êáé ìÜëéóôá óôïí ÐáíÜãéï ÔÜöï óôçí ÉåñïõóáëÞì, ìßá þñá ðñéí ôï «äåýôå ëÜâåôå öùò», üôáí éóñáçëéíïß áóôõíïìéêïß åìðüäéóáí ôçí åßóïäï óå ïìÜäá Óýñùí Ïñèïäüîùí ðñïóêçíõôþí, íïìßæïíôáò üôé Þôáí äéáäçëùôÝò. Ïé Óýñïé ìå ôç óåéñÜ ôïõò íüìéóáí üôé ÁñìÝíéïé äåí ôïõò Üöçíáí íá ìðïõí, ìå áðïôÝëåóìá íá îåóðÜóåé Üó÷çìïò êáõãÜò åðß äåêÜëåðôï. Ïðùò ìåôÝäùóå ôï ðñáêôïñåßï Associated Press, íåáñïß ñáóïöüñïé ðïõ ðÞñáí ìÝñïò óôïí êáõãÜ, ÷ñùìÜôéóáí «ìáýñç» ôçí üëç åéêüíá...

MAY 5, 1997


S E V E N T Y - F I F T H



The Founding of the Archdiocese and Its Administration first of two parts On May 17 the Greek Orthodox Church in the United States will mark 75 years from the time it was proclaimed an Archdiocese. Four Archbishops, Alexander, Athenagoras, Michael and Iakovos have labored — each one according to the talents given to him by God — to meet the challenges of his time and to advance the mission of the Church in the New World.

By Fr. George Papaioannou, Th.D. Last September the fifth Archbishop, His Eminence Spyridon, entered the scene. His task is a gigantic one. Not only is he expected to secure and consolidate the progress achieved by his illustrious predecessors but moreover he is to advance the work of the Church and bring it to new heights of progress. He has already proved the first part since his election that he is a strong leader, intelligent and charismatic able to pilot the ship of Orthodoxy in the United States to a safe harbor. The Greek Archdiocese of America in the estimation of this writer, is the best organized and effective Greek Orthodox Archdiocese in the world. It is indeed a marvel that in the free United States, with its plethora of independent churches, the Greek Orthodox, by nature independent, remain strongly united under the shelter of the Archdiocese. Together with our gratitude to the archbishops and bishops, clergy and lay leaders, we should be mindful of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople that placed American Greek Orthodox under its wings and with its love and wisdom guided her and raised her from infancy to adulthood. Not only did it provide us with the best and brightest leaders but it gave us the appropriate systems of administration, suitable to the needs of times. In this article we shall make an analysis of the four basic systems according to which the church was governed in the 75 years as an Archdiocese.

America when Meletios was elected Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, Nov. 25, 1921. In his position as Patriarch, Meletios placed the Greek Orthodox Church in North and South America under the loving care and jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople and proclaimed it an Archdiocese on May 17, 1922. Bishop Alexander, who had been administering the newly founded church, was elected its first Archbishop. With the official proclamation of the Greek Archdiocese and the election of Alexander as Archbishop, the Patriarchate set a new plan for governing the Greek Orthodox Church in America.

The Charter of 1922 According to the Patriarchal Plan, the

Archdiocese was to be divided into four dioceses: Boston, Chicago, San Francisco, and New York. Each Diocese would have its own Conference of Clergy and Laity representatives. The plan also provided for a biennial conference of the entire Archdiocese. The most important elements of this plan, known as the 1922 Charter are as follows: The Church in America would have an almost independent status; it was to be governed not by one strong Archbishop; the Archbishop was obliged to share this authority with his bishops. The Church was to be governed by all bishops collectively. For this reason this system of government is also known as the Synodical System. Furthermore, the Bishops were to be elected by the clergy and lay representatives at the Diocesan Conferences from among

the list of qualified celibate clergy of the Archdiocese prepared by the Ecumenical Patriarchate; after the election at the Diocesan Conference the Patriarchate merely approved the election. The Patriarchate wished with this charter to ensure the independence of the Church in America beyond intervention by outside forces, specifically the church and the political leadership of Greece. One of the most important characteristics of the 1922 Charter is the one referred to the purpose of the Archdiocese. Unlike the Charters that followed the 1922 Charter that had, in addition to the propagation of the faith, the perpetuation of language and Greek ethnicity, the first charter speaks only of the faith. Article 2 states that the purpose of the Archdiocese is “to nurture the religious and moral life of American citizens of the Orthodox faith, who are either themselves Greek or of Greek ancestry.” Why did Patriarch Meletios de-emphasize the ethnic, cul-

See ANNIVERSARY, on page 23

A painful beginning The Greek presence in America begins with the founding of a colony in New Smyrna, Florida, in 1768, yet the official presence of Greek Orthodoxy in the new world begins in 1864 with the founding of the first Greek Orthodox church in New Orleans under the name of Holy Trinity. Almost 34 years passed before another parish was organized. The year 1900 marks the beginning of accelerated growth both in the numbers of Greeks and in their churches in North America. The Greek immigrants were prepared to make all kinds of sacrifices to organize a community and build a church. By 1906, there were 29 churches; and by 1916 there were 59 and the numbers kept growing. These church communities were governed by themselves, their clergy were supplied by the Church of Greece or Constantinople, but a great number of priests traveled from Greece to the United States without hierarchical permission, acting on their own. Administratively, there was complete chaos with no Bishop to regulate the activities of the clergy. In 1918, Meletios Metaxakis, the Archbishop of Athens, a visionary man, with the approval of the Holy Synod of the Church of Greece decided to organize the Greek-American Churches into one Archdiocese and thus bring to an end the canonical irregularities. He paid two visits to America in 1918 and 1921 and accomplished a remarkable job in uniting the church communities. During his second visit he laid the foundations of a new united church in the new world. It was in the midst of his efforts in




MAY 5, 1997

MAY 5, 1997


Summer Session Offered in June

BROOKLINE, Mass. — Hellenic College-Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology has announced a summer academic program for the month of June. The College is offering undergraduate courses in Byzantine art and English literature. The School of Theology will hold graduate courses in liturgical Greek, mysticism in the Fathers, and pastoral theology regarding marriage and the family. All courses are taught by full-time faculty from the two schools. Students will receive three credit hours, which may be transferred to their home institution. The summer session runs from June 2 through 27, housing and meals are available to students from outside the Boston area. For more information and for registration materials, write to Summer Academic Program, Hellenic College, 50 Goddard Avenue, Brookline, MA 02146, or 617/731-3500 ext. 237

Visit to Palos Hills

PALOS HILLS, Ill. — Sts. Constantine and Helen parish received a visit on March 21 from Rev. Dr. Alkiviadis Calivas, president of Hellenic College/Holy Cross School of Theology, who officiated at the Second Salutations to the Theotokos and spoke to more than 400 faithful at the service. Fr. Byron Papanikolaou, pastor; Fr. Nicholas Jonas, assistant; Peter Spiro, parish council President Peter Lagen, and St. Helen Women’s Philoptochos President Christine Chigas presented Fr. Calivas with a $10,000 donation on behalf of the parish. The contribution is to be used for the “Partners for Excellence” fund benefiting Hellenic College/Holy Cross School of Theology.

Benefit Helps Missions

BROOKLINE, Mass. — A “Dance for Missions” benefit performance featuring the Hellenic Dance Institute and the School of Classical Ballet of Astoria, N.Y., took place at Maliotis Cultural Center on the HC/HC campus March 2. The first part of the program, featuring the Hellenic Dance Institute, showcased authentic costumes (some over a century old) and traditional folk dances from various parts of mainland Greece as well as the islands and the Pontus region of Asia Minor. The second part, danced by the scholarship class of the ballet school, featured excerpts from two modern ballets choreographed by Callina (Cally) Moraitis, artistic director of both the school and the dance institute. The performance - honoring alumni Frs. John Pelushi, Martin Ritsi, and Luke Veronis, all now serving in Albania - raised over $1,250 to benefit the Holy Resurrection of Christ Orthodox Seminary in Durres, Albania. “Dance for Missions” was co-sponsored by the Student Government Association and the Office of Student Life of Hellenic College-Holy Cross, in cooperation with the Orthodox Mission Center in St. Augustine, Fla.




Small Church Blessed with Many Children Name: Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church Location: Chattanooga, Tenn. Diocese: Detroit Size: About 100 families Founded: 1935 Priest: Fr. Kosta M. Petrogeorge (Holy Cross ’87) Noteworthy: Members include Coptic Christians ANNUNCIATION GREEK ORTHODOX CHURCH

CHATTANOOGA, Tenn. — This small community has a diverse membership that includes Egyptian Coptic Orthodox and enough children to staff four full teams of altar servers. Youth programs form a large part of parish life. Fr. Petrogeorge, who arrived here in October, said there are many young families in the community that “makes it very exciting in terms of what we can do with our youth program, which is already showing good signs.” Besides the highly active Junior Orthodox Youth (JOY), and Greek Orthodox Youth of America (GOYA) chapters, efforts are under way to establish a youth choir. The altar servers range in age from 5 years old, to high school seniors. Fr. Petrogeorge also plans to organize two summer camps, a vacation Bible school, and camping trips in the future. One of the parish’s immediate goals for its youth program is to build closer ties between the GOYA chapter and those in nearby parishes.One of those communities is Marietta, Ga., in the Atlanta Diocese. Chatoonooga is on the border of the Atlanta Diocese and Fr. Petrogeroge has the blessings of his Diocese to take part in such programs. Annunciation parish consists mostly of American-born Greek Orthodox. Only a few immigrants come from Greece. Among the other members are “a great number of converts,” according to Fr. Petrogeorge, and several Coptic Christians from Egypt attracted to the area in recent years by jobs in the carpet mills that Chattanooga is noted for. Their presence has resulted in a small part of the Liturgy being performed in Arabic, in addition to the mostly English and some Greek which are also used. A psalti chants a few hymns in Arabic.

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The parish’s founding families and first settlers came to Chattanooga around the turn of the century from Sparta and the nearby village of Navrati, Kalamata and Athens. According to George Ellis, a descendant of one of the founding families, many of the immigrants opened restaurants or hotels, most of which are now closed. Chattanooga has been a major rail junction since the Civil War. During World War II thousands of troops came through the area on troop trains, stopping briefly to sample the fare at many of the Greek establishments. Annunciation community’s first church building was purchased in 1941 and was located in a neighborhood near downtown where most of the families lived.


Under the long tenure of Fr. Nikiforos Maximos, who served the community from 1953 to 1982, the parish built a new church, its present home on the north side of the city, in 1967. The church has “exceptionally good acoustics” said Fr. Petrogeorge. Seating capacity is about 230. Over the years, the parish has experienced steady progress. A new hall has been completed and the remodeling of the Sunday School is nearing completion. A small choir is in the developing stages, but recently suffered a setback when the organist, an Orthodox Christian who married a Muslim, stopped coming to church. “We hope she comes back,” Fr. Petrogeorge said. The Philoptochos has a strong, active chapter and holds several bake sales which attract many Chattanoogans. These bake sales and other fund-raisers, including the annual “Greek-for-a-Night” dinner event held at the “Choo-Choo” Ho-

tel (as in Chattanooga Choo-Choo), are the parish’s main revenue sources. The parish has no Greek festival, but Fr. Petrogeorge said the Greek-for-aNight event offers the possibility for becoming a festival in the future. As the only Orthodox church in Tennessee’s fourth largest city, (with more than 200,000 people), Annunciation Church draws a number of visitors curious about the faith. “I find it very exciting,” said Fr. Petrogeorge. “We find quite a diverse group of visitors and persons interested in inquiring about the faith. I’m always excited to tell them that, whether you’re Greek, Russian or whatever, this is the Church for you.” The priest also receives many phone calls throughout the year from interested citizens and the local news media have covered some of the parish’s major events, including a visit by Bishop Maximos of Pittsburgh, and its Christmas services. Within the larger community, the parish will take part in a cultural event taking place in late August, called “A Taste of Glenwood”that will include Greek foods and dancing and an icon display. Like most Greek Orthodox parishes in this country, factions were a part of church life for some time, but Fr. Petrogeorge said this has been changing and that Annunciation community “has been working hard for unity as one body.” He said that he foresees the parish “could grow tremendously because of its diversity and as the only Orthodox church in the area.” However, his main message is: “it will grow if God wants it to grow. Our main task is to do what God wants us to do — be holy and repent. Let God take care of the growth. We shouldn’t be concerned about that.” — compiled by Jim Golding



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B O O K S Memories of World War II in Lesbos One More Spring By Peter M. Kalellis 209 pp., Crossroad Publishing Co. 370 Lexington Ave., New York Reviewed by Fr. Demetrios J. Constantelos

This book is a moving and most edifying work. It reminds us of both the brutality and the kindness of the human person, it is a story of cruelty, barbarism, infliction of suffering, but also of human courage, endurance, friendship and hope. It is Dr. Kalellis’ own experiences, his chronicle during the German occupation of Greece (1941-1944) when he lived in his beloved island of Lesbos, or Mytilene. Those who, as teen-agers, lived during the occupation of Greece by German, Italian, and Bulgarian armies will appreciate this book even more. In fact, I predict that they will read it with a lot of tears running down their cheeks, and with many therapeutic sighs of relief, as I did. Dr. Kalellis did very well to write this tome which reads so effortlessly, and keeps your mind thinking and your heart pulsating. This type of book should be written “in the hope of thereby preserving from decay the remembrance of what men have done” as Herodotos, the Father of History, would have advised us. The decade from 1940 to 1949 was for the Greek people a period of agony, martyrdom, tortures, pain, tears, holocausts but also of heroic deeds, endurance, and hope. By 1949, Greece was in real ruins with more than 700,000 of its citizens dead (a great sacrifice for Greece in proportion to its population) a historical fact that modernday politicians and “diplomats,” misguided by the principle of “political correctness,” tend to forget. Nevertheless, the Greeks, along with the Serbian people, played a decisive role in the defeat of Hitler’s Germany and its allies. The Italian attack against Greece in October of 1940 had been turned into a rout, and for six months Greece proved that great powers are not necessarily invincible. For nearly two months the Greeks fought valiantly against the Germans who came to the assistance of the humiliated Mussolini. But ultimately Greece succumbed to Hitler’s panzers and murderous strikes of the Luftwaffe. However, Greece’s heroic stand (a double ohi!) against Italy and Germany was a turning point for their defeat. Field Marshall von Brauchitsh, the Com-

mander in Chief of the German army told Allied interrogators at the Nuremberg trials of the Nazi war criminals that Hitler’s greatest blunder was to invade Serbia and Greece. His adventure there forced him to delay his invasion of Russia, a period of time which proved utterly disastrous to Hitler’s plans. “The remarkable Greek resistance did much to hearten other countries,” and “the Greek people have resolved to fight for their life and honor lest the world should, too easily, be led in chains” wrote Britain’s Prime Minister Winston Churchill. It was at that period of time when less forgetful presidents and politicians of the United States used to say “Once more the Greeks are giving their blood for the Freedom of the World” (Rupert Hughes), and that “the Greeks’ classic courage, their Spartan renaissance, is acting as a magnet to the all of us.” (Henry Morgenthau Jr.) Dr. Kalellis’ book confirms that Greece succumbed to German superior military forces but that the Greek people did not surrender. Notwithstanding the brutalities of the armies of occupation in Lesbos, the holocausts of cities and towns such as Kalavryta in the Peloponnesos, the starvation of Athens (in the winter of 1941-1942 alone 260,000 Greeks died of starvation) and the humiliations of the Greek people from Macedonia, Thrace, Thessaly, Epirus to Crete, the Greeks emerged from the War years with a sense of pride and dignity for the role they had played in the victory of liberty against the 20th century forces of barbarism, brutality and inhumanity. Reading Dr. Kalellis’ book is a reminder of what the philosopher George Santayana said that “those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” GreekAmericans, whether of the immigrant generations or American born, need to know not only the horrors of Hitler’s Reich, the sufferings but also the heroism and magnanimity of their parents and grandparents. It is with extreme pleasure that I wholeheartedly recommend Dr. Kalellis’ moving, inspiring, and instructive book, which includes several emotive illustrations. One More Spring can be ordered from the publisher, or directly from the author at PO Box 717, Westfield, NJ 07091; tel. (908) 232-6118, FAX (908) 232-6767. Cost is $22 which includes shipping. Fr. Constantelos is Charles Townsend Professor of History at The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey.

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als of the Greek heritage, including religion and spirituality, equality under the law, education, democracy, freedom of speech and other values that have become permanent categories of Western civilization. Constantelos, the Townsend Distinguished Professor of History and Religion at Stockton, has published five other works: Understanding the Greek Orthodox Church, Orthodox Theology and diakonia: Trends and Prospects; Issues and Dialogues in the Orthodox Church Since World War II; Byzantine Philanthropy and Social Welfare; Poverty, Society and Philanthropy in the Late Medieval Greek World.


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Youth Ministry

Judgment Calls


To TV Guide’s God And Tele vision special report (April 4 issue). Documenting the many prime time episode with religious themes as well as shows such as Promised Land and Touched By An Angel, TV Guide argues the following: If television can rise to the challenge, there’s a huge market of religious viewers to tap into. Shows such as 7th Heaven and ABC’s newest Soul Man with Dan Akroyd playing an Anglican minister deserve a second look as well.


To U2’s Pop. The Rock n Roll Band from Ireland which once explored Christian themes (Joshua Tree) now bashes Jesus Christ in the newly released Pop. Though some songs raise positive questions, the song “Wake Up, Dead Man” addresses a powerless and dead Christ. Lead singer Bono recently told Spin magazine, I used to think that my image was something to live up to. Now I feel it’s my duty to let people down. Based on record sales, Bono seems to be succeeding.


To the Spice Girls. Since Mother’s Day falls on May 11th, this thumbs up is for their song Mama. Lyrics include the following: Back then I never knew how, how you were misunderstood. But now I see through your eyes, all that you did was love. Mama I love you, mama I care. It is very hard for kids to understand parents, but this touching song helps bridge the communication gap.


His All Holiness Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I will be speaking to the young people of America on Saturday, November 1, 1997 in Chicago, Illinois. Look for details in future issues.

F.Y.I. According to the American Psychological Association:

˜ teens are exposed to 14,000 sexual references and innuendos on TV annually ˜ 50% of U.S. children have a TV in their rooms ˜ the average teen will have watched 200,000 acts of violence on TV and seen 20,000 murders by the age of 18 ˜ before kindergarten the average child will have watched 5,000 hours of TV ˜ kids watch their favorite video an average of 13 times ˜ the average child spends 4 hours a day watching TV ˜ the average child sees 20,000 commercials each year ˜ 60% of Americans watch TV while eating dinner The challenge is for Greek Orthodox youth by the Archdiocese Office of Youth &Young Adult Ministries. Articles reflect the opinion of the writers.


Your Child’s Self-discovery

What do children know about themselves? Consider the following: 3 months - Infants first begin to discover their physical selves by exploring their bodies. Playing with fingers, toes, and other body parts allows children to gain an awareness of their physical selves. 6 months - Infants as young as six months begin to sense that they are separate from their mothers and fathers. 9 to 12 months - At this stage infants can tell the difference between themselves and other babies. 15 to 24 months - Babies become much more self-conscious and can identify themselves in mirrors. 2 to 3 years - At this stage children start to assert their independence by saying “NO!” 3 to 4 years - As they further define themselves, children will experiment with a wide range of emotions; joy, anger, frustration, sadness, envy etc. and will exaggerate them. 5 to 7 years - Children this age determine their identities by comparing themselves to other children their age. Height, grade, and interests play a key role. Some tips for helping children build a sense of self and self confidence: 1. Support your child’s self-discovery. When your child explores his or her body, convey positive feelings about their exploration. Ensure their safety when they explore. 2. Set rules and limits. Create simple rules that your child can learn to follow. Following rules will help support autonomy and independence. 3. Praise your child but don’t over-do it. Saying “GOOD” whenever your child does something doesn’t necessarily reinforce a child’s sense of self. When over-used it loses its meaning. Don’t be stingy with praise, but use the right amount. 4. Model self-acceptance, even when you make mistakes. Admitting your own mistakes helps your child understand that making mistakes doesn’t mean you should feel bad about yourself. Children need to know that everyone makes mistakes. 5. Offer assistance in ways that strengthen the child. If your child is shy in public settings, allow the child to stand by your side, but don’t let the child cling to you. Be understanding by not forcing your child into situations that are intimidating, but gradually encourage them to take independent steps.

Teen Survival: ARE YOU SHY ? Shyness can be learned from the way you are treated and from your adult role models. Family size and finances can also influence shyness. Moving and changing schools further influences shyness because of the intimidation of new situations. Many teenagers are shy and wish they weren’t. The following are 14 ways to overcome shyness: 1. Accept yourself. The first step in overcoming shyness and making personal changes starts with self acceptance. Consider yourself a lifetime friend. 2. Think positively. Optimistic thinking can change your life. People gravitate toward positive and upbeat people. Become a critical thinker, not a critical person. 3. Learn from mistakes. Mistakes are part of the learning process. Don’t let them paralyze you, but let them make you wiser. 4. Treat problems as challenges. Expect to have problems everyday. Instead of ignoring them and hoping they go away, tackle them immediately and accept them as challenges. 5. Overcome fears. Most fears are imagined dangers. Instead of letting fears rule you, let courage dominate. Courage allows you to act despite your fears. 6. Improve social skills. Many skills are involved in maintaining friendships and relationships. Making new friends involves taking opportunities to initiate conversation, and improving old friendships involves keeping in touch with friends and working things out. Take initiative in starting conversations and staying in touch. 7. Be more social. Take initiative with friends and suggest activities. Plan to go to movies, meet at someone’s house, go to a museum, or just go shopping. Suggest new activities and experiences. 8. Think before you act. Use your imagination to visualize positive actions. Instead of thinking the worst, visualize yourself overcoming shyness and achieving your goals. 9. Listen carefully. Become an active listener. Look people in the eye and pay close attention. When you listen to someone else you tend to not be self-conscious. Everyone likes to have friends who listen well. 10. Speak up. Most people like to help others. But no one can help you unless you let others know what you need. By speaking up people will want to respond to you and your circle of friends will increase. 11. Help others. When you help others you forget your shyness. When you help others you feel valued and needed. 12. Take responsibility. When you take more responsibility for your own life you overcome shyness. Start with keeping a clean room and clean clothes, and try to manage your time and money effectively. Be responsible with work and homework. Being responsible lets you feel in control of your life. 13. Assert yourself. As you become more confident and responsible you will become more assertive in the way you live. Set goals and make decisions, and take the actions you want. 14. Dare to be different. Don’t worry about fitting in with others because you can’t win approval from others by playing different roles. Be yourself. It takes courage to be different, but when you are comfortable with who you are, you will conquer shyness.


by A.C. Green

I just finished another season in the NBA and it’s nice to take a break. As a professional athlete I have to deal with groupies in many cities. They hang out everywhere - airports, hotels, restaurants and sports arenas. Not many players resist their advances. It doesn’t help when a former player such as Wilt Chamberlain boasts about bedding 20,000 women in his lifetime. While I’ve remained sexually pure, I still hear the locker room talk about the latest sexual conquests. But I don’t let that weaken my resolve because I have chosen to follow God’s standard. My teammates, in a humorous vein, have threatened to set me up with women. “Let’s see how strong you really are,” they joke. Sex itself isn’t bad. It’s just a matter of when to experience it. God created it for enjoyment, but He also reserved it for marriage. So I’m waiting. The Bible says in Philippians 4:13 that “I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me.” I’ve taken that verse to heart. I also know that God won’t give me any temptation too great. I want young people to hear this: It is possible to wait - not everybody is doing it. Several years ago pro athletes Daryl Green, Barry Sanders and David Robinson joined me to make a video called “It Ain’t Worth It.” It’s a video dealing with teenage love, broken hearts, the dilemma of abortion and the fallacy of safe sex. I’d like to see more emphasis on selfcontrol and personal responsibility in our schools. Even with so much sex education, why are teen birth rates and abortion rates so high? You may have had sex in the past, and think you don’t have a reason to wait now, but there’s a better way, and that’s following God’s way. The Lord can forgive you, and you can commit yourself to remaining pure until your wedding day. I know kids need a role model, and while I’m reluctant to put myself on a pedestal, I will take a stand for Christ. I am a virgin, and I don’t hide the strength God has given me. Some wonder how my message reconciles with my former teammate Magic Johnson. The media is willing to accept Magic’s message, but the facts show that condoms aren’t as successful as many would believe. For teens the failure rate is even worse. Condoms have a hard enough time stopping pregnancies let alone blocking the HIV virus which is 450 times smaller than a sperm cell. It’s like water going through a net. I’ve had girlfriends, but I have really respected them and they have really respected themselves and have had high morals and values. You have to learn to respect yourself before you can start respecting other people. This article originally appeared in the August 1993 issue of The Challenge by permission of “Focus on the Family” magazine (Copyright C 1993), and is being reprinted by popular demand. A.C. Green is 34 years old, a 12season member of the NBA, and holds the NBA active consecutive games played streak. For more information on the A.C. Green Youth Foundation call (213) 734-8448.

Write to the Office of Youth & Young Adult Ministries, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America 8 East 79th Street, New York, New York 10021




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MAY 5, 1997


The Role of Hymnology in the Church (first of two parts) Of the many treasures of our Orthodox Church, its hymns carry a rich heritage of Byzantine melodies, theological concepts, and poetic expressions, all interwoven to convey messages about our faith. Yet, too often, we have failed to take advantage of

By Vicki Pappas all that our church music can offer. Even though we hear the familiar strains of “Aghios O Theos...Holy God” and other hymns each Sunday, many Orthodox, young and old, do not know the meanings of these common hymns. Too often, church music is considered the specialized domain of the choir and the psaltai, others of the congregation are reluctant to participate. Considered differently, however, our hymns can serve as teaching tools to enrich our Orthodox experience and understanding. They can also help us participate more meaningfully and actively in the services of our Church, whether in choir or not. Encouraging the use of liturgical music in such ways has been central to the goals of the National Forum of Greek Orthodox Church Musicians over the past decade, and we have developed educational programs and materials to foster this conception. Hymns are integral to our spiritual life and our liturgical experience, for ours is a liturgical church. Hymns are interspersed throughout the Divine Liturgy and other services of the Church; there are special hymns for each of the feast days; they surround all our personal experiences in the Church from our baptism, through marriage, and eventually, at our funerals. In short, we can’t escape these ancient and beautiful expressions of our faith!

Hymns as Prayers What are our hymns? First of all, they are prayers, sung instead of spoken. We use them to speak to God, to supplicate Him, to praise Him, to give thanks to him, and to seek His mercy. When we think of hymns this way, we need not confine them solely within the services of our Church or relegate them to the choir. They can be used throughout the community life of the parish and in the family life at home. Hymns can, and should, be used to open and close Sunday School classes. A hymn can be sung after the food is blessed during a church dinner or a communion breakfast. A general assembly meeting could begin with the church hymn. A family can sing a hymn as “grace,” perhaps “Aghios O Theos...Holy God” or “Se Imnoumen...We bless Thee,” in all these examples, children and adults alike are reminded that hymns are prayers that bind us

together in Orthodoxy.

Hymns as Vehicles of Participation Hymns are also ways to help people participate in the Divine Liturgy. In our Church, the Liturgy is structured so that both the priest and the people (the “laos” or laity) have important parts. As our services have evolved, the people have come to be represented by the choir and the psalti. Now, we are encouraging more of the people to take part, at the very least intellectually, by understanding the meaning of hymns and their place in the Liturgy. We also encourage people to be more active, either by “sub-singing” along with the choir or psalti or singing aloud congregationally. During the Liturgy, hymns mark special roles for the laity. Most commonly and frequently, we respond to the priest and are in dialogue with him. This occurs when the priest recites short litanies and we respond by saying/singing “Kyrie Eleison...Lord Have Mercy.” At other times, the priest turns to us and says “Peace be with you all...” and we are to reply”...and with Thy spirit.” Occasionally, our role is to complete the priest’s recitation of the prayer, by responding “Amen.” This also occurs during the preparation before Holy Communion, when the priest finishes his inaudible prayer with the words”...singing the victory song, proclaiming, heralding, and saying,” to which we respond ”Aghios, Aghios, Aghios...Holy, holy, holy.” Finally, certain other hymns are designated to be delivered by the laity in their entirely, such as “Tes Presvies Tis Theotokou...Through the Intercessions of the Theotokou” and “Idhomen to Fos...We Have Seen the Light,”among others. Efforts to increase congregational singing have not always gone smoothly. Yet resources and ideas are available through the National Forum to assist parishes in implementing this practice. The congregation does not necessarily have to sing everything, but there are key spots where it seems that they should; the Church Hymn, the kyrie eleison’s, “Idhomen to Fos...We have Seen the Light” and the final blessing to the priest (“Ton Evlogounta”) seem by their very messages a call for all the faithful to respond. Key ingredients to a successful program of congregational participation are first to explain the reciprocal role of clergy and laity in the Liturgy, then to teach the meanings of the hymns, and finally to work with the choir director and the psalti to identify who will sing what, so that all participants will have a balanced role in the service. Dr. Vicki Pappas is national chairman of the National Forum of Greek Orthodox Church Musicians

Chicago Choir Federation Planning Annual Conference

CHICAGO — The Chicago Diocese Choir Federation is planning its 40th anniversary choir conference, to be hosted by the Annunciation Choir, Milwaukee, Wis., Oct. 10-12.

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The music to be sung is the liturgy arranged by the late Dr. Frank Desby, and will be directed by Dr. Ann Marie Koukios, of Cincinnati, accompanied by Michael Doran, organist at St. Nicholas Church, St. The choir federation also will host the National Forum of Greek Orthodox Church Musicians Conference in June. The National Forum is the musical ministry of the Archdiocese. Members from across the country will hold meetings and participate in the liturgy at St. Spyridon Church, Palos Heights, Ill., the host community.

MAY 5, 1997




Clergy Establish Christian Radio Ministries

Orthodox Christian Radio Ministries recently was founded in Colorado by the Rocky Mountain Brotherhood of Orthodox Clergy, which comprises all of the SCOBA jurisdictions in Colorado and is under the spiritual guidance of Bishop Isaiah, the Greek Orthodox Bishop of Denver. Priest Nicholas Dotson, rector of Holy Dormition Orthodox Church of Calahan, Colo., OCA, was appointed director. Orthodox Christian Radio Ministries was founded to promote the Orthodox Faith through a radio ministry in Colorado. The radio program The Orthodox Perspective first aired in a half hour format in Colorado Springs and Pueblo, Colo. In late 1996 Salem Communications, one of the largest Christian radio syndicators in the United States, proposed that The Orthodox Perspective move from a half hour to a full hour format to be broadcast every Saturday afternoon from 4-5 p.m. on KGFT 100 7 FM and KNUS 710 AM, in Denver, Colorado Springs, Pueblo, Boulder and Fort Collins in Colorado, and also into southern Wyoming, northern New Mexico, southeastern Nebraska and western Kansas. The format of The Orthodox Perspective is a radio call in talk program hosted by Fr. Nicholas Dotson, who each week has guests who talk about various subjects pertaining to the Orthodox Church and her

teachings and beliefs. Some of the guests who have been on since the initial one-hour broadcast on January 25, 1997, have included Archpriest Michael Oleksa, Dean of St. Herman’s Seminary in Kodiak, Alaska; Archpriest Joseph Hirsch, Dean of the Rocky Mountain Deanery, OCA, Bishop Isaiah of Denver, Hieromonk Macarios (Manos), a brother of St. Catherine’s Monastery in Sinai for 16 years; and Fr. Chad Hatfield, rector of All Saints Antiochian Orthodox Church, Salina, Kansas. Many interesting guests are scheduled for future broadcasts. This is a true effort of all the Orthodox Christian jurisdictions under SCOBA to help the Orthodox Church, to inform people about the Orthodox Church using the talk-show call in format. The cost of the programs is defrayed by Orthodox Radio Partners and by Orthodox Radio Sponsors, a combination of individuals and businesses. Organizers hope that through OCRM the broadcast of the Orthodox perspective will expand into other markets in the United States in the near future. For more information, contact OCRM by writing to Orthodox Christian Radio Ministries, P.O. Box 7, Calhan, CO 80808, or fax to 719/347-0909, or E-mail Orthodox Christian Radio Ministries will soon have a web page at http/ /

Women Publish New Journal to Examine Roles Women’s Orthodox Ministries and Education Network (W.O.M.E.N.), a support network for women in their service to the Church, announced the publication of a new journal, the St. Nina Quarterly. The journal examines the roles of women in the Church, past, present, and future. As our mission statement asserts, “we will strive to educate, inform, and provide space for an on-going, creative dialogue

By Teva Regule aimed at reaching across all boundaries to support and encourage the growth and vitality of the God-given ministries of all our sisters and brothers in Christ.” Each issue of the St. Nina Quarterly embraces a theme, around which the articles are loosely based. The theme of the premier issue (Winter, 1997) is gifts, with a historical article by Valerie Karras of Holy Cross Greek Orthodox Theological Seminary on the ministries women have served the Church through the ages. Other articles include a life of St. Nina, a report on the W.O.M.E.N.’s conference in Denver, and articles about the WCC conference for Orthodox women in Damascus. Future issues will center on the following themes: Spring 1997, Lent and Pascha; Summer 1997, The Theotokos as a model for women and men; Fall 1997, Women in the early Church. Regular features of the St. Nina Quar-

terly will include WOMEN Notes, announcements of conferences and retreats as well as an information exchange; book discussions or reviews; letters to the editor; and a page of experience, an individual’s account of an important personal event or insight in the Church. The St. Nina Quarterly is published by its editorial board, with contributing editors and reporters throughout the Orthodox world. Funding comes from donations; it does not offer subscriptions. People who wish to receive it may submit their names for the mailing list. Articles from the quarterly and resources for Orthodox women will be available on the World Wide Web. In looking at the various roles of women in the Orthodox Church, the contributors and readers of the St. Nina Quarterly can develop a greater understanding of the mission that each of us, female and male, has in the Church and can develop uses for the gifts the Holy Spirit has given to each of us. For more information on the St. Nina Quarterly, please contact the Quarterly by mail at: PO Box 397252, Cambridge, MA 02139-7252; or W.O.M.E.N., 3440 Youngfield #272, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 Teva Regule can also provide more information on the publication, and she may be reached at 617/253-1625. Phone numbers for W.O.M.E.N. are: Voice mail 303/ 316-8027, FAX 303/465-6466, E-mail address: WOMENUSA@aol.corn

Worshipers Sadly Send Church to Intentional Fiery End

ALIQUIPPA, Pa. (RNS) — A Russian Orthodox church that closed six years ago burned to the ground April 14 after former worshipers donated it to a Pennsylvania fire department for use in training firefighters. The Aliquippa church closed after membership dwindled from 300 to 15 and members began attending a church in nearby Ambridge. Parishioners could not afford to restore or tear down the church, the Associated Press reported. The former worshipers watched and wept as flames consumed, St. Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church. Pearl Perault, a former church officer,

described the scene as “heart breaking,” but said it gave her peace to know it was being done the right way. After worshipers began attending the Ambridge church, the vacant onion-domed church in Aliquippa was “adopted” by vandals, drifters and drug users who stole church valuables and defaced and destroyed other items in the church. “There were a lot of alcohol bottles inside the church. There was graffiti all over the walls.” said Fire Chief Darryl Jones. Perault said she planned to bury some of the ashes from the rubble with her family.


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STRUGGLE from page 5

course of Primates and dignitaries of the other Churches to the capital and the establishment of a resident Synod. A time came when the Ecumenical Patriarchate with its dual nature-Archiepiscopal and Ecumenical was intensely active with successive sessions of the Holy Synod. The south gallery of Hagia Sophia where the councils were held and the few halls of the Patriarchal House were no longer sufficient. Moreover, the clergy of the Patriarchate had greatly increased in number, because now it also served the imperial ceremonies and litanies. The first of the operations undertaken with the purpose to satisfy the requirements for additional space was to incorporate the Monastery of Hosia Olympias into the patriarchal establishment. Fortunately, Justinian, foreseeing future developments, had reserved in the new plan of the city an area to the south of Hagia Sophia, for the eventual construction of additional patriarchal edifices. In this way the Patriarchal House would be facing in the direction of the Sacred Palace, i.e. the Imperial Palace. The area of the Constantinian Augusteum was therefore reduced and enclosed by a wall to form one of the three courts extending to the north, west and south of Hagia Sophia.

Expanding facilities The first patriarchal edifice south of the cathedral was erected in the patriarchy of John III Scholasticus (565-577). Its upper floor communicated with the south gallery of the church, of which the southwest inclined ramp-the so-called Cochlias - was put out of use and two halls were built there: the Great and the Little Secretum, which formed the center of the Patriarchal administration. The Patriarch’s own living-quarters were on the same floor. Soon afterwards, a second building, known as Thessalos Triclinos, was raised adjoining the first. Before long, the need for further expansion became imperative. During the patriarchy of Thomas I (607-610) a new building, the so-called Thomaitis Triclinos, was erected on the cast part of the area between the Augusteum and the cathedral. The edifice comprised large halls and cells raised from off the ground. In this building, too, the upper floor communicated with the south gallery of Hagia Sophia, the height of which was such that only the third floor of a three-storied building could reach its level. All these new edifices, therefore, had three stories. The ground-floor of the Thomaitis Triclinos housed the important Patriarchal Library. The construction of these edifices to the east and west of the south facade of Hagia Sophia and their access to the gallery of the church turned this gallery into a sort of corridor joining the new buildings. As already mentioned, however, the south gallery was used not only for the Holy

Synod’s meetings but also for imperial processions. it soon became necessary to connect directly the buildings at either end with a two-storied Macron, i.e. a long connecting building, which would also house the other patriarchal services. The southward orientation of the Macron’s facade, towards the Augusteum, permitted the construction of an open loggia on the upper floor. This produced a pleasant aesthetic effect, for the light aspect of the loggia emphasized the connecting function of the new building without, in any way, diminishing the imposing appearance of the patriarchal buildings proper. The addition of the Macron completed the Patriarchate’s group of buildings to the south of Hagia Sophia. The whole complex formed an admirable unity, achieved thanks to the masterful combination of its geometric simplicity with the contrasting towering majesty of the patriarchal cathedral rising behind it. Three elements combined to create the general impression: the central, dominant mass of the great church and the lateral, subordinate and symmetrical volumes of the patriarchal buildings.

Material aspect The Patriarchate’s complex, which occupied an entire square in the most prominent part of the Capital of the Byzantine Empire, with its two churches, the three peristyle courts and the other buildings, represented the material aspect of the Ecumenical Throne’s conception. The lavish decoration of the rooms, the rich marble revetments and fine mosaics of the triclinia, metatoria, trapezae and secreta, the parecclesia and small chapels, the baths and the garden, made the Patriarchal Oikos equal, if not in size at least in riches and aesthetic appearance, to the Imperial Palace. From its several offices high officials directed a large staff of clerics and laymen and set in motion the effective organization of the Patriarchal Administration. For all that, in terms of way of living and religious conduct, the Patriarchate was but a large monetary, and those who served it lived in accordance with the austere rites in force at all the other monasteries of the Empire. These conditions continued unchanged at least until the age of the last Iconoclasts when the decline of the State began-a decline that was precipitated following the capital’s capture by the Crusaders in 1204. After 56 years (1205-1261) of exile of Nicaea, the Patriarchate returned to the old Patriarchal House which had been damaged by the Latin occupation and ravaged by time. Nevertheless, the Ecumenical Patriarchate retained all its authority and vitality-like the rest of the Empire and continued to occupy its traditional edifices until Tuesday, May 29, 1453, when Constantinople fell to Mehmet II the Conqueror.

ANNIVERSARY from page 15 tural and linguistic role of the Archdiocese? Was it just merely an oversight or was there a hidden purpose? This writer believes that Meletios being a visionary man who looked ahead to the day when all Orthodox in America would be united under one Archdiocese under the guidance of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. He had revealed his dream in his inaugural address: “I saw in America the largest and best part of Orthodox Diaspora, and I understood how exalted the name of Orthodoxy could be, especially in the great country of the United States, if more than two million people there were united under one church organization, an American Orthodox Church.” Meletios was unable to pursue his plan. The Catastrophe of Asia Minor forced him to abandon his throne, his successors returned to the policy of the church being the guardian of Hellenism. The Charter of 1927 reflects this policy.

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There is little difference between the revised charter and its predecessors of 1927. This charter makes a dramatic addition to the purpose of the Archdiocese. It includes the absolute provision “to teach the original language of the Gospel.”

CORRECTIONS In the Greek education report from the Archdiocesan Council meeting printed in the April 5 issue, the locations of Archbishop Iakovos High School in Jamaica and St. Demetrios High School in Astoria were transposed. Also, St. Demetrios High School was founded in 1957, not 1975. In the list of new Archdiocesan Council members in the March 20 issue, John Pappajohn is listed as being from Des Plaines, Iowa. It should have read Des Moines.













His All Holiness Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew celebrates the Resurrection service at St. George Cathedral at the Phanar.


MAY 5, 1997


Archbishop Spyridon and a young boy break eggs in celebration of ChristÂ&#x2019;s Resurrection.

H i g h l i g h t s o f H o l y We e k S e r v i c e s

Congregants at Sts. Constantine and Helen Cathedral in Brooklyn, N.Y., take part in the Agape service which Archbishop Spyridon celebrated on Easter Sunday.

(Gus Psichogios photo)

NEW YORK Â&#x2014; Archbishop Spyridon officiated at Holy Week services at several Greek Orthodox parishes in the Metropolitan area. Palm Sunday services took place with His Eminence at St. Paul Cathedral in Hempstead. His first Nymphios service was at St. Spyridon Church in Manhattan that evening. His Eminence attended Holy Monday Nymphios service at Holy Transfiguration Church in Corona and the Holy Tuesday service at Holy Cross, Brooklyn. On Holy Wednesday, he administered the Holy Unction at Holy Trinity Church in New Rochelle. Holy Thursday at the morning communion service for the Archdiocese staff, the Archbishop was joined by Archbishop Iakovos, who administered communion to the entire staff. Archbishop Spyridon officiated at the Service of the Holy Passion on Holy Thursday evening at St. Demetrios Church in Jamaica. On Holy Friday, he presided at the service of the Royal Hours at the Archdiocese in the morning, at the afternoon Apokathilosis service at Kimisis Tis Theotokou in Brooklyn and the Lamentations at St. Demetrios Cathedral, in Astoria. The Archbishop went to St. Nicholas Church in Flushing on Holy Saturday morning for the Divine Liturgy of St. Basil the Great. He officiated at Resurrection services Saturday evening at the Archdiocesan Cathedral of the Holy Trinity. The Resurrection service was televised on CNN and on Greek television. On Easter Sunday, he traveled to Sts. Constantine and Helen Church in Brooklyn for the Agape service.

(LEFT) Bishop Iakovos of Chicago distributes red eggs following an Agape service in Chicago. (CENTER) Bishop Maximos of Pittsburgh gathers with young parishioners at Holy Trinity Cathedral in Camp Hill, Pa., where he celebrated Good Friday services. (LEFT BOTTOM) Bishop Alexios, vicar of the Atlanta Diocese, officiates at a Holy Week service at St. George Church in Knoxville, Tenn.

A young mother holds up her young daughter to kiss the Epitaphion on Good Friday evening at St. Demetrios Cathedral in Astoria. (D. Panagos photo)

Orthodox Observer - 05 May 1997 English  

In Your light, we ask You to renew our faith in one another; to renew our commitment to help each other; and to renew our firm belief that w...

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