HEALTHY FOREST LANDSCAPE
COLLEGE OF FORESTRY BIENNIAL REPORT
2015 â€“ 2016
COLLEGE OF FORESTRY BIENNIAL REPORT Cheryl Ramberg-Ford and Allyn C. Ford Dean Thomas Maness Development Directors Zak Hansen Marlys Amundson Director of Marketing and Communications Michael Collins Asst. Director of Marketing and Communications Callie Newton
Photography Hannah Oâ€™Leary Sandra Arbogast Ethan Erickson The Arts Center - Corvallis, Ore. Oregon Forest Resources Institute Architectural Renderings Michael Green Architecture Lever Architecture Layout and Design Mary Susan Weldon Dock No. 2 Design
How to Reach Us: College of Forestry Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-5704 (541) 737-4270 email@example.com forestry.oregonstate.edu
At the Oregon State University College of Forestry, we are devoted to creating a healthy forest landscape for all. We integrate our education, research, and outreach programs to find new and innovative ways to intensively manage forests, develop resilient ecosystems, support healthy people and communities, and create innovative forest products. By doing so, we enhance peopleâ€™s lives while improving the health of our lands, businesses, and vital ecosystems. Due to this approach, Oregon State has developed a global reputation for groundbreaking work in all aspects of the forest landscape. We attract students from around the world because our research and education programs focus on things that matter for the environment and the economy. Thanks to the hard work of our students, faculty and staff, along with the collaborative efforts of multiple partners with different perspectives, Oregon State was recently ranked No. 2 in the world in forestry by the Center for World University Rankings. This report highlights the research that helped us achieve this ranking, as well as the education, outreach, and collaborative programs we lead as we strive to produce a forest landscape that benefits Oregon, the region, and the world.
Although I am extremely proud of what we have accomplished in the last two years, we have much more to do in the future. The challenges we face have never been greater. As Earthâ€™s population continues to climb, we will become even more dependent on renewable natural resources to provide for our needs. We must continue to be proactive in creating sustainable land management techniques, develop innovative products our society needs, and protect our ecosystems by providing balanced and unbiased research to help guide management decisions. By doing so, we can ensure a healthy forest landscape for generations to come. It is a big task, but I know we are all excited to continue leading the charge. I hope you will take the opportunity to browse this report and learn more about our college. If this is your first introduction to the OSU College of Forestry, please consider joining us: as a student, faculty member, or college supporter. As always, feel free to contact me with your thoughts and ideas, as we strive to accomplish our goal of creating the healthy forest landscape.
Thomas Maness Cheryl Ramberg-Ford and Allyn C. Ford Dean College of Forestry Oregon State University
Competitive and Innovative Products
Intensively Managed Forests
Healthy People and Communities
THE HEALTHY FOREST LANDSCAPE
The ultimate goal of the research and education programs at the Oregon State University College of Forestry is to provide innovative approaches to enhancing peopleâ€™s lives while also improving the health of our lands, businesses, and vital ecosystems, and to do so collaboratively with active involvement of multiple partners with different perspectives. In support of this vision, the College of Forestry launched a new research institute, the Institute for Working Forest Landscapes, to develop adaptive forest management techniques that integrate social, ecological, and economic objectives at the landscape level. This research is organized into four broad thematic areas framed to promote the Collegeâ€™s vision for healthy forest landscapes: competitive and innovative products, intensively managed forests, healthy people and communities, and resilient ecosystems. Throughout this report, these markers identify stories of particular interest related to these areas.
COLLEGE OF FORESTRY BIENNIAL REPORT
2015 â€“ 2016
FACTS AND INFORMATION
AUNA GODINEZ: AN EYE FOR BEAUTIFUL WOOD PROVIDING A TRANSFORMATIVE EDUCTIONAL EXPERIENCE
RESEARCHERS HONE IN ON THE MARBLED MURRELET RETHINKING WILDLIFE
EXPLORING THE USE OF HERBICIDE IN FOREST MANAGEMENT
INNOVATION IN TREATING SWISS NEEDLE CAST ROT: THE AFTERLIFE OF TREES
A NEW FACILITY FOR A NEW GENERATION OF FORESTERS
TALL WOOD BUILDINGS: GOING UP OSU & D.R. JOHNSON WORK TOGETHER TO PRODUCE CROSS-LAMINATED TIMBER WOWNET MAKES A DIFFERENCE FOR WOMEN FOREST MANAGERS
RESEARCH FORESTS CONTINUE MISSION OF TEACHING, LEARNING AND SUPPORTING HABITAT INTERNATIONAL LEARNING
UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMS GRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMS RESEARCH
THE DEPARTMENT OF FOREST ENGINEERING, RESOURCES AND MANAGEMENT THE INSTITUTE FOR WORKING FOREST LANDSCAPES: BUILDING A HEALTHY ECOSYSTEM
THE DEPARTMENT OF FOREST ECOSYSTEMS AND SOCIETY OREGON FOREST SCIENCE COMPLEX
THE TALLWOOD DESIGN INSTITUTE
THE DEPARTMENT OF WOOD SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
FORESTRY AND NATURAL RESOURCES EXTENSION PROGRAM RESEARCH FORESTS MAP
FACULTY/STAFF AND REFEREED PUBLICATIONS | 5
AN EYE FOR BEAUTIFUL WOOD AUNA GODINEZ IS A SENIOR RENEWABLE MATERIALS STUDENT WITH A PASSION FOR BEAUTIFUL WOOD. Godinez first began noticing wood, trees and the landscape around her during a long backpacking trip in California’s High Sierras with the Springfield High School Adventure Club. “It was amazing to see how beautiful the environment is when humans aren’t in it,” she says. “Seeing all of that beauty really made me feel like I needed to work outdoors.” At Oregon State, Godinez explored the natural resources major before landing in renewable materials. In her sophomore year, Godinez began working with assistant professor of wood aesthetics and natural coloration Sara Robinson on a project investigating the use of spalted wood as flooring. Godinez spent time exploring her academic options within the renewable materials program and decided to pursue the Art and Design option, created by Robinson. Students completing the art and design option learn how to work with renewable materials on an aesthetic level, whether as interior designers, fine artists or entrepreneurs.
With her interest sparked, Godinez headed to Peru last summer to learn more about the interactions between wood and fungi. ‘Peruvian Amazon: Tropical Woods and the Fungi That Love Them’ is a two-week course led by Sara Robinson, assistant professor, and the college’s international programs office in collaboration with the Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (UNALM) in Lima, the national agrarian university of Peru. Through lab work at UNALM and fieldwork in the Amazon rainforest, students develop a fundamental understanding of wood and fungal anatomy, wood identification and the requirements for fungal growth.
Following the course, Godinez stayed in Peru to complete a 10-week internship with the Inkaterra Asociación, a nonprofit focused on sustainable development and conservation of Peru’s biodiversity and cultural resources. “I was looking for fungi in the forests there,” Godinez says. “I walked trails with a guide with a machete and cut open wood to look for pretty colors and lines. I took samples and recorded the GPS coordinates where I found them.” Godinez says she came back from Peru with a lot of new data on spalting fungi. “I found several new colors of pigments and zone lines that have never been documented before,” Godinez says. “Collecting this data and doing this research gave me a greater perspective on forests and forest products in a different country.” Once returning home to start the 2015-16 school year, Godinez joined the Ambassadors for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources program. As a student ambassador, she speaks to prospective students on campus tours, attends alumni events and reaches out to the community, highlighting the accomplishments and opportunities of the College of Forestry. “I tell people that the college is like your home within the larger university. It’s like getting two experiences in one,” Godinez says. “The hands-on opportunities we have are also really important.”
Auna Godinez, Senior Renewable Materials
â€œI was looking for fungi in the forests [in Chile]. I walked trails with a guide with a machete and cut open wood to look for pretty colors and lines.â€?
DEGREE PROGRAMS among the best in the world Oregon State University consistently ranks among the top in the world for forestry, natural resources, recreation and wood science research. OSU was recently ranked No. 2 in the world in forestry by the Center for World University Rankings and ranked No. 4 in the nation for natural resources studies by College Factual. Oregon State also offers the nation’s only ABET-accredited program in forest engineering.
Right out of OSU I got a job working for the U.S. Forest Service in Grangeville, Idaho, as a Smokejumper. The high climb, saw experience, and safety training I received at OSU and the College of Forestry was greatly valued by my employer. - Erik Vermaas ‘14
undergraduate degrees Dedicated to preparing the future leaders of our working forest landscapes, OSU and the College of Forestry awarded 367 undergraduate degrees over the course of FY 2015 and FY 2016.
Total degrees awarded FY 2015–2016 8 |
FORESTRY The forestry degree program prepares graduates to actively plan for, observe and manage the health of the entire forest ecosystem. Professional foresters play a critical role in understanding and protecting multiple-use natural resources. The primary goals of a forester include managing forested landscapes for sustainable timber harvesting, and protecting forests for conservation and recreation purposes. The Forestry program currently offers three options of study for students to choose from: forest landscape processes and management, forest management, and forest operations management.
FOREST ENGINEERING Forest engineers are the technical backbone of all forest operations, providing the skills and knowledge required to implement complex forest and natural resource operations. This program emphasizes analytical skills required for evaluating engineering systems. The program also integrates the mechanical and economic requirements of forest operations with the biological requirements of the forest including the need to protect soil and water resources. Students learn to plan and implement complex forestry and natural resource operations that help meet global demands for wood products while sustaining water, habitat and other forest resources.
FOREST ENGINEERING/ CIVIL ENGINEERING The forest engineering/ civil engineering dual degree program gives students a hands-on experience performing forest engineering and civil engineering tasks in outdoor and urban environments. Students are trained to perform forest engineering tasks such as designing and constructing roads, bridges, culverts and other structures; developing logging plans and adapting logging systems to achieve quality resource management and designing forestry transportation systems
The Oregon State College of Forestry offers seven distinct and top-ranked academic programs in a small, friendly environment where students get personal attention and guidance from faculty, staff and advisors. Career paths take students into a forest, a factory, a laboratory or an office, and graduates leave OSU with knowledge and skills that are in demand in the Pacific Northwest and worldwide. All programs lead to a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree and allow students to focus on a particular area of forestry, natural resources management and renewable materials.
The renewable materials degree program teaches students how to help the world replace oil-based and other non-renewable materials with plant-based renewable alternatives and shape the future of wood products design and manufacturing. Students learn that wood, bamboo, and other materials can be used to provide housing, consumer products, energy and other benefits for society. Students in the program have three options of study to choose from: art and design, marketing and management, and science and engineering.
As the global population continues to increase, sustainable use of our worldâ€™s natural resources is imperative. This degree program provides students with a working knowledge of a broad span of natural resources, their diversity and interdependence and the critical relationships between humans and their environment. Students interested in an interdisciplinary approach to resource management and a career dealing with land use, water resources, environmental policy, forests, arid land ecology, natural resource education and related endeavors find this program fits their goals. The program is available on campus and online through OSU Ecampus.
RECREATION RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
TOURISM AND OUTDOOR LEADERSHIP
The recreation resource management degree program prepares students for careers in the planning, management and overall sustainability of unique recreation resources. Graduates have a variety of career opportunities in parks, recreation and other government agencies, as well as tourism and recreation businesses. The program educates students on policy, economics, interpretation, management and preservation aspects of recreation resources within every type of ecosystem. The focus on conservation and sustainability allows graduates to ensure that our recreation resources retain their magnificence for years to come.
The tourism and outdoor leadership (TOL) degree provides students with the skills to develop and manage tourism and outdoor programs or enterprises. The program gives students the conceptual and applied skills to provide high quality visitor experiences and sustain the natural resources of recreation areas for future generations. This program teaches students and practitioners, to excel in the fields of tourism, commercial recreation and outdoor education. Offered exclusively at Oregon State UniversityCascades in Bend, the program takes advantage of its location, with the mountains of the Cascade Range, the Deschutes River and the virtually unlimited opportunities for outdoor recreation in Central Oregon.
35 180 21
31 | 9
TRANSFORMATIVE EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE
“The best way to learn is to learn by doing, and that’s what we do in forestry at Oregon State University.”
$1.14 million in undergraduate scholarships
- Anna Rose Petersen, Junior
MORE THAN JUST A CLASSROOM The college prides itself on educating and preparing its students to be competent, innovative and professional members in the broad fields of forestry, natural resources, recreation, tourism and renewable materials. Students in all programs are encouraged, and in some majors, required, to complete work experience in their chosen fields. To support this mission, the college sponsors employer information nights and interviews (41 companies participated in FY 2015 and FY 2016), the SAF Student Chapter Career Fair (60 companies in attendance the last two years) and the College Jobs Page (over 2,200 jobs posted during the last two fiscal years).
MAKING AFFORDABILITY A PRIORITY
© Markus Mauthe/Greenpeace
“During my time in the natural resources program, I’ve been able to work in the Amazon with fungi I’ve never seen before and tree species I didn’t know existed. I know graduating with a degree in natural resources will give me the knowledge necessary to pursue a number of different careers.” - Krystal Lemhouse, Junior
Through the generosity of our donors, the college regularly awards more than $500,000 in undergraduate scholarships. During the 2015 and 2016 academic years, the college awarded $1.14 million in undergraduate scholarship support with individual awards ranging from $1,000 to $9,000. These awards are often supplemented by scholarships from OSU and other organizations, providing students an affordable degree in these fields.
INCREASING ENROLLMENT WHILE IMPROVING DIVERSITY The college saw gains for overall undergraduate student enrollment and the percentage of female and underrepresented minority students. Overall, enrollment increased by five percent from FY 2014 (to 893 students). Female students now represent 39 percent of the college (up from 37 percent), while underrepresented minorities (self-reported) make up 13 percent of the student body (an increase from 10 percent in FY 2014). The percentage of high-achieving Oregon high school graduates in the college jumped from 30 percent in FY 2014 to 47.6 percent in FY 2015 and remained high at 43.6 percent in FY 2016.
STRENGTHENING EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT FOR DIVERSE STUDENTS (SEEDS)
1000 800 600 400 200 0
Percentage of High-Achieving Oregon High School Students in the College of Forestry
The college’s SEEDS program supports students from underrepresented populations throughout their academic career through academic advising, personal and career counseling, community-building and supporting paid mentored work experiences. In FY 2015 and FY 2016, $198,000 was made available from Board of Visitors funds, federal funding and a gift from Weyerhaeuser Corporation to support wages, benefits and travel or operating expenses for relevant student work experiences. With these funds, 55 faculty projects were paired with 60 undergraduate protégés to provide work experience for up to 10 hours a week for 10 months.
FINDING THE FUTURE LEADERS OF OUR WORKING LANDSCAPES
In FY 2015 and 2016, the college actively participated in 113 recruitment events. Of these events, 56 targeted at high school students, 14 events targeted at transfer students, 15 events targeted at current OSU students and 28 events targeted a combined audience, including high school, transfer and current OSU students.
30% 20% 10%
PARTNERING WITH TRIBAL COMMUNITIES
Percentage of Underrepresented Minority Students in the College of Forestry
The college continues to develop and strengthen partnerships with Native American tribes in Oregon and neighboring states by promoting higher education and forestry-related fields. The college hosts and co-leads a university-wide effort to increase accessibility to higher education for Native students and add a Traditional Knowledge degree program. Response has been positive, and the college once again hosted an on-campus visit for Tribal Youth Employee Education students. The college has also entered into an agreement with the Intertribal Timber Council (ITC) to provide an additional $2,500 in scholarships to recipients of the ITC Truman D. Picard Scholarships who are enrolled in a college degree program. The college enrolled its first recipient of this matching award this year.
GRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMS
graduate degrees Awarded in FY 2015–2016
master of science
master of natural resources
master of forestry
FOREST ECOSYSTEMS AND SOCIETY
MASTER OF NATURAL RESOURCES
The forest ecosystems and society (FES) graduate program combines a strong social science faculty with a strong biological and ecological science faculty, providing an unusual opportunity to focus on the interface of social science and ecology. The FES graduate program provides specific disciplinary opportunities in both ecological and social sciences in the natural resource setting and strives to develop interdisciplinary skills and knowledge. This program’s objective is to develop interdisciplinary thinkers, highly capable scientists and natural resource leaders who are prepared to solve complex socio-ecological problems. The students will be able to identify and contribute to collaborative solutions in ecology and natural resources-related social science. The FES department is home to an unusually diverse body of faculty whose research extends from plant genetics to the social impacts of tourism.
The MNR degree is an interdisciplinary degree program taught entirely online through OSU Ecampus. It is a professional degree offered as a non-thesis option only, similar to the Master of Business Administration or Master of Forestry.
(MF, MS, PhD)
$741,000 in graduate fellowships Awarded in FY 2015–2016
DEAN’S INVESTMENT FUND AIDING GRADUATE LEARNING The Dean’s Investment Fund funded two $30,000 matches to the Provost’s Distinguished Doctoral Fellowship, awarded in FY 2016. In addition, the college holds an annual graduate fellowship competition. In FY 2015 and 2016, the college awarded a total of $741,000 in fellowships to over 100 students. A portion of the awards were funded by the Dean’s Investment Fund.
FUNDING OUR DIVERSE AND TALENTED STUDENTS With the goals of recruiting and retaining graduate students based on diversity and/or academic merit, the college was awarded $230,000 in tuition scholarship funding from the OSU Graduate School in FY 2015 and FY 2016. With these funds, the college awarded $216,000 to 22 students during the last two academic years.
The College of Forestry at Oregon State University enjoys a century-long reputation as a leader in forestry research, teaching and extended education. Currently the college has more than 200 graduate students, including approximately 35 international students from all over the world. The college offers graduate degrees in four distinct areas administered by three separate departments. About 75 faculty members teach at the graduate level, and the college employs more than 300 faculty, staff and support personnel.
SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT (MF, MS, PhD)
The sustainable forest management graduate program emphasizes the conservation of forestdominated landscapes to meet a defined set of ecological, economic and social criteria over long time frames. This program provides a strong grounding in the principles and techniques of active management of forests to improve forest health and condition while producing a full range of products and ecosystems services. It consists of a common core in the principles and criteria of sustainable forest management, statistics for design and interpretation of experiments and specialization in one of six areas of concentration: forest operations planning and management; forest policy analysis and economics; forest biometrics and geomatics; silviculture, fire and forest health; forest soil and watershed processes; and engineering for sustainable forestry.
WOOD SCIENCE (MS, PhD)
The wood science graduate program offers degrees that are closely integrated with faculty research programs and allow students to tailor their program around a wood-science foundation. This program is highly interdisciplinary. Many students also pursue dual graduate degrees in science and engineering disciplines such as civil engineering, mechanical engineering, materials science or forest science. The demand for energy and thousands of consumer and industrial products made from wood and other renewable materials is growing, especially as society becomes more aware of sustainability and green issues.
“The renewable materials undergraduate degree program and wood science graduate program are fantastic. I love the community feel of our classes and how friendly everyone is throughout the program. I have met some great friends and have experienced awesome opportunities, here and internationally, that I would not have found without this program, Oregon State, and the College of Forestry.” - Kendall Conroy,
RM ’16 and current graduate student
RESEARCHERS HONE IN ON THE MARBLED MURRELET THE BIRD BECOMES A FLAGSHIP SPECIES FOR MAKING INFORMED FOREST MANAGEMENT DECISIONS
Oregon State assistant professor of forest, wildlife, and landscape ecology Jim Rivers calls the marbled murrelet — a small seabird native to the North Pacific — a flagship species for healthy ecosystems because it is one of the only birds in the world that gets all of its food from the marine environment but nests well inland in forested areas, sometimes as far as 50 miles from the nearest ocean. Murrelets are listed as threatened under the U.S. Endangered Species Act in Oregon, Washington and California, yet little is known about the nesting habits of this curious, short-beaked seabird in Oregon. Rivers and a team of scientists from Oregon State, including Matt Betts, Kim Nelson and Dan Roby, as well as the Oregon State Department of Fisheries and Wildlife and the U.S. Geological Survey, want to learn more about the habitat of choice for nesting, as well as the factors that contribute to successful raising their young. A better understanding of murrelet nesting habitat is critical for informing forest policy and management decisions. Using funding from the Oregon Legislature that supports research initiatives important for active forest management, the team has begun an important study of this species. Nesting near the coast makes murrelets unique from their relatives like puffins and guillemots, species that often nest on rock outcroppings along the coast. It also makes them exceptionally challenging to study, and researchers go to great lengths to locate nests.
“We start by capturing the bird at sea during the night when they can be netted from a small boat close to shore,” Rivers says. “We then attach tracking tags, release the birds and use fixedwing aircraft to traverse coastal forests to find the tracking tags. If all goes well, we narrow the bird’s location to a stand where can locate the nest. Rivers admits this is a lot of work.
“But it’s the only way we can get a sample of reasonable size that allows us to best understand the breeding habitat that this species needs,” he says. 14 |
The goal of studying marbled murrelets is to provide information for management policies and practices in forests where the birds nest. “In particular, we want to know where they nest on the landscape, what influences their ability to nest successfully, and ultimately how timber harvest near nest stands can be managed to influence their ability to breed successfully.” Nelson began studying the birds in the 1980s, and her existing research is an integral part of the project. “We found the first nest of this species in Oregon in 1990,” she says. “Since then my work has focused on finding nest sites, studying breeding ecology, using modeling to describe optimal habitat, assessing the impacts of fragmentation and predation, mapping foraging hot spots and more.” Nelson calls murrelets puzzling and secretive. “They’ve foiled biologists for centuries,” she says. Now the team is adopting a new approach to finding murrelet nests by building upon knowledge and techniques gained from other murrelet research and adapting it to conditions specific to Oregon. To help find the birds’ hidden nests, the research team is also working with researchers with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and a private NGO, Oceans Unmanned, to fly unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with thermal infrared cameras in coastal forests to help locate active nests. “Using UAVs to conduct this kind of research is cutting edge,” Rivers says. “No one has used them to locate nests within complex terrestrial habitats, in part because of logistical challenges and because of extensive regulations. Nevertheless, we really need to find murrelet nests and monitor them to better understand their breeding habits, and UAVs offer us a promising opportunity in this regard.” After a successful pilot season in 2016, the research is ongoing and ever expanding. “The ocean conditions are expected to provide good foraging opportunities for birds during future breeding seasons,” Rivers says. “Our goal is to
Murrelets are listed on the threatened and endangered species lists, but little is known about the breeding habits of this curious, short-beaked seabird. capture and tag a large sample of the murrelets on the ocean with tracking tags, and continue that approach to obtain data in multiple years. This project requires us to capture a large number of birds because an unknown proportion of adults forgo breeding, so some tagged birds may not nest within the timeframe that the tracking tags are functional.”
“This study should be able to say something about their habitat needs and requirements in Oregon in particular,” Rivers says. “Ultimately, we want to learn how forest management practices may influence this threatened species so we can provide information for adaptive management to reach both economic and ecological goals.”
If the project goes well and enough data are collected, the research team will be able to make recommendations to land managers about how murrelet habitat should be managed to sustain murrelet populations. | 15
CREATING A BETTER ICE CREAM TREAT COLLEGE OF FORESTRY RESEARCHERS COLLABORATE TO PROVIDE AN ECO-FRIENDLY AND AFFORDABLE DESSERT Researchers at the Oregon State College of Forestry are striving to make ice cream better – if that’s even possible. It all started a few years ago, when a local chemist approached John Simonsen to ask if his son could use some lab equipment for his high school science project. Simonsen agreed, and befriended the family, who eventually founded a company called EcNowTech, a manufacturer of custom packaging and molded products including eco-friendly, compostable silverware that are widely used on Oregon State’s campus. When EcNowTech decided to collaborate with So Delicious, a nondairy ice cream company in Eugene, to create a popsicle stick to be used with their products, they called on Simonsen to help again. With funding from Oregon BEST, Simonsen and a team of chemistry, chemical engineering and wood science students searched for the perfect chemical formulation to the product to make it not only ecofriendly, but affordable to produce.
So Delicious is all organic, non-GMO and vegan, and Simonsen said that significantly reduced the possibilities for raw materials the team could use.
“We had to search for the raw materials,” Simonsen. “And we wanted to come up with a formulation he could use himself instead of buying it from somewhere else.” Simonsen pointed out that at no point throughout the process did the team reverse engineer a competitor’s product. Instead, the final formulation was developed from scratch, and all the materials are local to the Pacific Northwest. In mid-2016, the team settled on the perfect formulation and began to produce them in Albany. “We’re going to continue to collaborate and create new products for them,” Simonsen says. “It’s been great for these students to get to see the science from the university go into the real world. They get excited when they can help someone like that. It’s also been good and satisfying for me to help someone, instead of just publish research papers.”
RESEARCH The Oregon State University College of Forestry is known regionally, nationally and internationally for research that brings both discovery science and real solutions to issues facing forest landscapes and forest industries, agencies, and other partners. Many collaborative research efforts are underway that involve College faculty, partners across OSU, industry and agencies. Research at the college provides innovative approaches to enhancing people’s lives while also improving the health of our lands, businesses and vital ecosystems, and to do so collaboratively with active involvement of multiple partners with different perspectives. This vision is implemented through the Institute for Working Forest Landscapes (IWFL), a collegewide effort to develop adaptive forest management techniques that integrate social, ecological and economic objectives at the landscape level. This new vision builds on the college’s longstanding role as Oregon’s principal research engine for providing sciencebased information about forests and their value to people and communities. Research activity in support of the IWFL includes state, federal and private sponsored projects, McIntire-Stennis formula funds, research cooperatives supported by state, federal, and industry endowment and gifts, as well as internally-funded initiatives.
Research at the college is conducted within 19 broad research areas and is carried out primarily by faculty across three academic departments and OSU Forestry and Natural Resources Extension.
FOREST ENGINEERING, RESOURCES AND MANAGEMENT
WOOD SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
• Biodeterioration, Materials Protection, and Product Durability • Forest Operations Planning and Management • Composite Materials • Forest Policy Analysis and • Forest Products Business and Marketing Economics • Wood Architecture, • Forest Biometrics and Green Building, Geomatics and Environmental • Silviculture, Fire and Performance Forest Health • Timber Engineering, • Forest Soil and Watershed Mechanics, and Structural Processes Design • Engineering for • Wood Aesthetics and Sustainable Forestry Natural Coloration
Grants and Contracts
In fiscal years 2015 and 2016, the college’s total research expenditures were $49,424,486. This included $26.24 million in research expenditures in FY 2016. This was a near-record number and represented a 16-percent increase from the year before. In addition, the college received $13.6M in research revenue in FY 2016.
The college received a total of $28.79 million in research revenue in FY 2015 and FY 2016. A total of $24.54 million was received from sponsored research awards with $4.25 million from research cooperative dues and revenues. The $24.54 million received from grants and contract awards represented a 23-percent increase from the previous biennium.
in research expenditures
% OF TOTAL
Forest Research Land Appropriation
Forest Research Lab Harvest Tax
Endowment and Gifts
Indirect Cost Recovery
TOTAL RESEARCH EXPENDITURES
• Forest, Wildlife, and Landscape Ecology • Genetics and Physiology • Integrated Social and Ecological Systems • Science of Conservation, Restoration, and Sustainable Management • Social Science, Policy, and Natural Resources • Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Continuum • Sustainable Recreation and Tourism
FY 2015 and 2016 RESEARCH EXPENDITURES BY SOURCE SOURCE
FOREST ECOSYSTEMS AND SOCIETY
in research revenue
Faculty throughout the college submitted 275 proposals totaling $49.38 million in FY 2015 and FY 2016. The proposals were sent to a wide range of outside sponsors including the U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation, USDA Forest Service, U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management, NASA, Oregon Departments of Forestry and Parks & Recreation, industry and non-governmental organizations.
NEW AND CONTINUING AWARDS BY SPONSOR SOURCE & AGENCY
FEDERAL Bureau of Land Management
Federal Aviation Administration
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab
Dept of Energy Economic Development Administration
National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health National Science Foundation NASA US Geological Survey USDA Animal/Plant Health Insp Service
USDA Forest Service
USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
Oregon Department of Transportation
USDI Bureau of Land Management US Army Corp of Engineers USDA Agricultural Research Service Federal Total
OTHER Agricultural Research Foundation (OSU) Industry International NCASI Non-profits Oregon BEST Other Universities State of Montana Other Total
STATE Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Oregon Department of Forestry Oregon Department of Parks and Recreation Oregon Forest Resources Institute University of Oregon State Total
FISH AND WILDLIFE HABITAT IN MANAGED FORESTS
$793,371 FISH AND WILDLIFE HABITAT IN MANAGED FORESTS In FY 2015 and FY 2016, a total of $793,771 in project funds were awarded to 13 projects to provide research and outreach focused on fish and wildlife habitat provided by Oregonâ€™s managed forests.
Current priorities for new program activities favor those that contribute to the scientific information base that supports the Oregon Forest Practices Act and also Oregonâ€™s actively managed federal forest lands. The goals are to provide the information forest managers need to guide responsible stewardship of fish and wildlife habitat resources consistent with land management objectives, and by policy makers to establish and evaluate informed forest policy and regulations. The Dean of the College of Forestry sets the program of research, with guidance from a technical advisory committee comprised of fish and wildlife specialists and forest managers from government, industry, and non-industrial land owners. In FY 2015 and FY 2016, a total of $793,771 in project funds were awarded to 12 projects. Ten of those projects were completed by the end of FY 2016, with two projects carrying over to FY 2017.
The Fish and Wildlife Habitat in Managed Forests (FWHMF) Research Program was established in 1994 through a $0.10 per thousand board feet addition to the Oregon Forest Products Harvest Tax rate. The programâ€™s mission is to provide research and outreach focused on fish and wildlife habitat provided by Oregonâ€™s managed forests.
FY 2015 Sediment Transport Prototypes: Novel Methods to Disconnect Roads from Streams -- Ben Leshchinsky, Kevin Boston, Marvin Pyles, Arne Skaugset
FY 2016 Effects of Landscape-Scale Forest Management on Pacific Marten Occupancy and Population Connectivity in Coastal Oregon -- John Bailey, Keith Slauson, Katie Moriarty
How Does Harvesting Affect the Source and Quantity of Instream Sediment and How Does that Affect Instream Organisms?
Modeling Geomorphic Response to Large Wood Introduction as a Strategy to Restore Fish Habitat in Managed Forest Watershed
-- Jeff Hatten, Sherri Johnson, Judy Li, Alba Argerich
-- Catalina Segura, Christopher Lorion, Stacy A. Polkowske
Riparian Forest Structure and Bottom-up Drivers of Fish Production in Headwater Streams Natural Variability in Water Quality and Changes after Forest Harvest in the Trask Watershed -- Michael P. Nelson, Dana Warren, Ivan Arismendi
Early Seral Ecosystem Services Provided by Wildlife Across a Gradient in Herbicide Use: An Experimental Study -- Matthew G. Betts, Jake Verchuyl, Thomas Stokely
-- Jeff Hatten, Alba Argerich, Sherri Johnson
Top-Down Effects of Wildlife and Bottom-Up Drivers of Soils and Productivity in Intensively Managed Forest Plantations -- Jeff Hatten, Matt Betts, Thomas Stokely
Assessing the Demographic Response of Early Songbird Species to Intensive Forest Management -- Matthew G. Betts, Jake Verchuyl, Thomas Stokely
Experimental Evaluation of Plethodontid Salamander Responses to Forest Harvesting -- Barbara Lachenbruch, Tiffany Garcia, Andrew J. Kroll, Blake Murden
To learn more about the Fish and Wildlife Habitat in Managed Forests and view research results, visit: www.forestry.oregonstate.edu/fish-and-wildlife-habitat-managed-forests-research-program | 21
RETHINKING WILDFIRE YEARS OF FOREST MANAGEMENT HAVE HAD UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES … OREGON FORESTS NEED ECOLOGICAL RESTORATION TO SURVIVE. As evidence of climate change creeps into the Pacific Northwest, adaptive, science-based management is the name of the game for fire scientists at the Oregon State University College of Forestry. “We want to move forward with adaptive management,” says professor of silviculture John Bailey. “We need to use the best scientific information that we’ve developed about how to treat forests. Then monitor these treatments and adapt them based on what we’ve learned.” And what they have learned is that due to unexpected consequences of years of forest management, including aggressive fire suppression now costing billions of U.S. government dollars annually, Oregon forests need ecological restoration to survive inevitable future fires and drought associated with climate change. Bailey’s lab is hard at work in Central and Eastern Oregon to spread the word and make sciencebased suggestions to forest managers. Recent Ph.D. graduate James Johnston is working in the Blue Mountains of Oregon by collaborating with local, state and federal governments, forest managers and the public. “We help people understand ecosystem drivers,” he says, “and what different things can be expected in different forests types; what type of future restoration treatments are important.” Johnston focuses on ecological restoration, monitoring fuel reduction treatments and protecting and conserving old-growth trees.
Another project on the Malheur National Forest was successful because stakeholders were able to visit the forest together.
“When they go into the field and are able to count the rings right there and see the information presented in the field, it’s a really powerful tool,” Johnston says. Research Assistant and alumnus Andrew Merschel, whose work focuses on the Deschutes National Forest, agrees. “It gives them confidence that they can move forward when they see it firsthand,” he says. “Most of the participants in the collaboration aren’t going to read journal articles, but they do have a desire to be out in the forest and learn about these things, and giving them hands-on experience really changes things.” Merschel says forests like the Deschutes and Malheur are facing insect infestation and severe drought similar to Californian forests and woodland areas, so the research team is also working to understand the effects of long-term drought. “We know that more than 100 million trees in the southern Sierra Nevadas have died in the past few years,” Johnston says. “When it’s our turn in five to 10 years, perhaps, we need to have landscapescale restoration done in order to prevent the death of trees.” If we don’t, he says, fire will kill them anyway. Because the situation is dire, the team is expanding their research to southern Oregon and their outreach statewide. “We have the advantage of an engaged public who is excited to hear what we think about wildfire management,” Bailey says. “And because of the way that forests are burning now, we have to continue to scale up our research.”
THE DEPARTMENT OF FOREST ENGINEERING, RESOURCES AND MANAGEMENT While gas and oil prices are currently too low for woody biomass to be competitive as a supply of energy, there are compelling reasons to study its potential â€” including its potential to reduce forest wildfire hazard, stimulate investment and provide employment in forest-located rural communities, reduce foreign oil dependency, reduce carbon emissions from energy production and increase agricultural soil productivity. Faculty in FERM are actively exploring these potential benefits in funded research to address topics including: biochar production to reduce forest wildfire hazard, sequester carbon and increase agricultural productivity; the potential for market-driven demand to fuel investment in biomass processing facilities and provide employment in forestlocated rural communities; estimate supply curve for woody biomass delivered to a centrally-located aviation biofuel facility; effect of removal of timber harvest residuals on long-term stand productivity and soil nutrients and use of LIDAR and Landsat data with forest growth models to predict biomass yield.
Since 2000, the average size for fires has been 93 acres. Thatâ€™s more than twice the average fire size in the previous 15 years of 42 acres. The average area burned is 6.8 million acres, more than twice the average area burned in the previous 15 years of 3.2 million acres. In response to the fact that fires are bigger, more destructive, and more costly to contain than ever, department faculty are collaborating with scientists across the globe to find ways to improve forest fire fuels management and monitoring; decide whether to attempt to suppress any particular fire; determine how best to use silvicultural treatments to reduce forest fire fuels; study the effect of fire on soil nutrients, forest hydrology and water quality; study the interactions of insect outbreaks and wildfire and test the use of unmanned aerial vehicles for real-time fire monitoring.
R E S E A R C H A N D I N N O VAT I O N
Led by Jeff Hatten, associate professor of forest watershed management, research was conducted to test hypotheses related to long-term soil productivity. The team has found that soil moisture and temperature are dramatically affected by biomass removal treatments, which could have impacts on the sustainability of these practices.
The department facilitated a successful team effort to acquire NIOSH funding to develop innovative logging techniques that improve logging safety on steep ground. The workplace fatality rate for logging is higher than for any other occupation listed in the U.S. In Oregon, 11 of the 60 workplace fatalities reported in 2014 were in logging or log-haul. This research will have a direct impact on worker safety in Oregon.
OSU was designated as one of 14 members of the FAA Center of Excellence for Unmanned Aircraft Systems largely through the efforts of Michael Wing, associate professor of engineering for sustainable forestry. He leads the OSU aerial information systems research laboratory, which conducts test flights for LIDARequipped unmanned aerial vehicles. This research has applications directly relevant to Oregonâ€™s economy including forest inventory, vineyard monitoring, postfire impacts on forests and salmon habitat monitoring.
THE DEPARTMENT OF FOREST ENGINEERING, RESOURCES AND MANAGEMENT COMPRISES A UNIQUE GROUP OF SPECIALISTS IN FOREST MANAGEMENT, ENGINEERING, BIOMETRICS, HYDROLOGY, FOREST HEALTH AND SILVICULTURE WORKING TO SUPPORT DECISIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE FORESTS. Our mission is to develop, communicate, and teach the science and engineering necessary for sustainable management of forest, land, and water resources to achieve economic, environmental and social objectives. Our teaching and research emphasize all aspects of active forest management, from regeneration to harvest for multiple land use objectives, from production of wood and water to the restoration of ecological function.
E D U C AT I O N
The department continues to increase the diversity of its faculty. Since 2012, the department has made 15 faculty hires, increasing the number of female faculty members from one to five, underrepresented minority faculty members from one to six and people hailing from outside the United States from three to ten. Resident undergraduate student credit hour production has been stable over the last five years. The number of classes taught has increased by 25 percent in the same time period. Student credit hour production totaled 12,418 hours during 2015 and 2016. The number of Ecampus courses has increased from four to 14 and student credit hour production has quadrupled from 200 to 890 in the last five years. Graduate instruction has increased as well. The number of stand-alone graduate classes that are regularly taught has doubled, and student credit hour production has increased by 50 percent. This trend will continue over the next few years. This helped graduate programs in the college improve the predictability and the number of stand-alone graduate course offerings.
The department is continually improving the forestry and forest engineering curricula. In FY 2016, the department offered an integrated two-course capstone for the first time. In addition, forest regeneration was required as part of the forest operations and management option curriculum for the first time. The department revamped the silviculture block from an eight-credit sequence to fourcredit class to be coordinated with the four-credit silvicuture reforestation course. Both courses will be required of all forestry students. The department established a BS forestry curriculum advisory committee consisting of external forestry employers and held its first meeting in FY 2016. The group will continue to work throughout FY 2017 to improve curricula of the program and prepare students for future employer needs. Successfully achieved reaccreditation by ABET for the bachelors of forest engineering degree. The forest engineering program was one of only two engineering programs at OSU that passed the ABET review with no weaknesses or concerns identified. OSU has the only ABET-accredited degree program in forest engineering in the United States.
O UTRE AC H
During the course of the biennium, department extension faculty delivered 44 outreach and education programs to 1833 attendees. The programs generated $24,265 for the department.
Hired forest watershed extension specialist: Jon Souder. He joins the department with 15 years of experience as director of one of the most effective watershed councils in Oregon. Souder has taken a leadership role in dissemination of watershed research science regarding impacts of current forest management practices on aquatic ecosystems. This research has direct relevance for the regulation of the Oregon Forest Practices Act. Hired forest harvesting extension specialist: Francisca Belart. Belart will disseminate knowledge regarding logging safety practices in Oregon. Belart spent three years as a planning engineer for Forestal Mininco S.A. in San Pedro de la Paz, Chile, before returning to OSU to pursue graduate work. | 25
EXPLORING THE USE OF
HERBICIDE IN FOREST MANAGEMENT HERBICIDE USE IS A HOTLY-DEBATED TOPIC AMONG FOREST MANAGERS. How much should be used? Does it help production or hurt it? Is it good for the economy or not? And with global demand for wood resources expected to increase by up to 40 percent in the next 15 years, answers are needed. Matt Betts, an associate professor of forest, wildlife and landscape ecology at the Oregon State University College of Forestry, is working to provide those answers through a project funded by landowners, the USDA, the National Council for Air and Stream improvement and the Institute for Working Forest Landscapes (IWFL). The IWFL was launched in 2013 by the OSU College of Forestry to focus research programs on innovative approaches for managing landscapes that will enhance people’s lives and improve the health of our lands, businesses and vital ecosystems. The IWFL develops adaptive forest management techniques that integrate social, ecological and economic objectives at the landscape level. Betts says the money contributed by the IWFL allows the team to spend about a year putting together the results of the research. “Without this funding, we wouldn’t have been able to continue for so long and put the data together to get results,” Betts says. “Herbicide use and early seral forests are two of the most important topics in forest management right now, and we’re hopeful our results will help inform those controversies.”
He says this research looks into what levels of intensive forest management are best to optimize timber production and other ecosystem services such as wildlife conservation, pollinators and other aspects of biodiversity.
“By collecting data on all these different attributes in young forests, we can look at the relationship between timber production and different services of the forest,” Betts says. While this particular study began in 2015, Betts already had six years of data on tree growth through a well-designed experiment. He says that by 2018, the team will be able to model future tree growth and will have extensive data on other services as well. The Betts study, entitled “Quantifying Trade-offs and Synergies Between Ecosystem Services in Intensively Managed Forests,” is the first of its kind to apply a true experimental approach to addressing pressing research questions in young, managed forests. The project also is unique in its ambitious sample size (32 full-size forest stands distributed across Oregon’s northern Coast Range). PhD student Thomas Stokely has been assisting the project for six years. He focuses on food-web dynamics. “We want to know how herbicides influence tree growth and other factors,” Stokely says. Stokely and Betts hypothesize that while deer and elk don’t eat much Douglas-fir, they do enjoy munching on plants, weeds and other growth that herbicides kill. When managers use herbicides, sometimes deer and elk resort to munching on young Douglas-firs. However, if managers cut back on herbicide use, the animals might have more to eat besides the small limbs of highly-valued trees. “So far, we have evidence of an ecosystem service where the hardwoods are retained when you spray less herbicide,” Stokely says.
If managers cut back on herbicide use, deer and elk might have more to eat besides the small limbs of highly-valued trees like Douglas-fir. | 27
THE INSTITUTE FOR WORKING FOREST LANDSCAPES
BUILDING A HEALTHY ECOSYSTEM A collaborative structure to guide research The IWFLâ€™s advisory board consists of membership of the current Forest Research Laboratory Advisory Committee as established in Oregon law, as well as individuals representing various stakeholders and research areas of expertise. The board assumes an oversight role, helps develop annual research priorities, and seeks to establish active, collaborative research partnerships.
THE INSTITUTE FOR WORKING FOREST LANDSCAPES FUNDS SEVEN PROJECTS Using unallocated funds across a variety of college budgets, the IWFL awarded $1.3 million to seven research projects in FY 2015 and FY 2016.
$750,000 TO THREE COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS IN FY 2015
QUANTIFYING TRADE-OFFS AND SYNERGIES BETWEEN ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
Using a long-term, large-scale manipulative experiment, the research aims to quantify the effect of intensive forest management on biodiversity; determine how intensive forest management and biodiversity interact to affect ecosystem services including timber production, carbon sequestration, pollination; model stand and landscape-scale relationships between intensive forest management and multiple biodiversity components and ecosystem services and examine public opinions and tradeoffs. (Matt Betts)
OPPORTUNITIES FOR BIOCHAR PRODUCTION TO REDUCE FOREST WILDFIRE HAZARD, SEQUESTER CARBON, AND INCREASE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY OF DRYLAND SOILS
The study aims to inform policy for Oregon and stakeholders by evaluating whether large-scale biochar production is technically feasible, logistically scalable, economically competitive and environmentally beneficial at the landscape scale. If the outcome suggests biochar production meets these minimum criteria, the study could potentially trigger industrial interest in supporting the development of forest-to-farm biochar markets, benefiting rural economies that are typically based on forest and agricultural commodities. (John Sessions)
GO BIG OR GO HOME: TOOLS AND PROCESSES FOR SCALING UP COLLABORATIVE FOREST RESTORATION
The project analyzes how forest collaboratives and Forest Service managers can successfully plan and manage at landscape scales, and determines how scientific research, participatory simulation modeling and innovations in collaborative participation can contribute to the processes. (Emily Jane Davis) 28 |
Established in 2013, the IWFL explores how proactive management of forests can improve the health of rural communities and provide ecological integrity and long-term resilience of vital ecosystems. This new vision builds on the college’s longstanding role as Oregon’s principal research engine for providing sciencebased information about forests and their value to people and communities.
$550,000 TO ENHANCE UNDERSTANDING OF WOOD STRUCTURES
BEHAVIOR OF CLT DIAPHRAGM PANEL-TO-PANEL CONNECTIONS WITH SELF-TAPPING SCREWS
Understanding how roof and floor systems (commonly called diaphragms by engineers) that are built from Pacific Northwest-sourced cross-laminated timber (CLT) panels perform in earthquake-prone areas is a critical area of research. These building components are key to transferring normal and extreme event forces into walls and down to the foundation. The tests performed in this project will provide data on commonly used approaches to connecting CLT panels within a floor or roof space and the performance of associated screw fasteners. Structural engineers will directly benefit through improved modeling tools. A broader benefit may be increased confidence in the construction of taller wood buildings in communities at greater risk for earthquakes.
STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING AND POST-OCCUPANCY PERFORMANCE OF MASS TIMBER BUILDINGS
A key question about new generation taller wood buildings is how they will perform over time in terms of durability and livability. This project will determine how best to measure these qualities by selecting sensors, determining testing and measurement protocols and implementing testing assemblies in selected CLT buildings in Oregon. This project will make use of the new Peavy Hall under construction for the College of Forestry at Oregon State University as a ‘living’ laboratory, educating future generations of students.
In FY 2016, the IWFL awarded funding to the TallWood Design Institute to launch four research projects to enhance understanding of wood building structures.
CROSS-LAMINATED TIMBER FASTENERS SOLUTIONS FOR TALL WOOD BUILDINGS
Constructing buildings with CLT requires development of novel panel attachment methods and mechanisms. Architects and engineers need to know the engineering strength properties of connected panels, especially in an earthquake prone area. This project will improve knowledge of three types of wall panel connections: wall-to-floor, wall-to-wall and wall-to-foundation. Testing will determine the strength properties of metal connectors applied with different types and sizes of screw fasteners. The data will be used to develop a modeling tool that engineers can use when designing multi-story buildings to be constructed with CLT panels.
FIRE PERFORMANCE OF DOUGLASFIR CLT WALL AND FLOOR ASSEMBLIES MADE IN OREGON
An important area of concern for building code officials is fire safety, and there is very little data in the United States that documents the performance of CLT panels exposed to fire. This project will document the flammability of Douglas-fir and Spruce-pine-fir CLT panel assemblies produced in the U.S. Tests are being conducted on wall and floor panel assemblies with standard overlapping connections and produced with two different types of commonly-used adhesives. Sensors placed throughout panels will provide data about how fire affects the interior and exterior of a panel. A thermal imaging camera will provide information on how the structural integrity of panels is affected by fire and fire suppression activities.
IN TREATING SWISS NEEDLE CAST The Swiss Needle Cast Cooperative was established in 1997 as a partnership between the Oregon State University College of Forestry and private, state and federal organizations to address challenges to the management of Douglas-fir in Oregon and Washington caused by the Swiss needle cast epidemic. The mission of the research cooperative is to conduct research to enhance productivity of Douglas-fir and general forest health.
The results of the study will have an impact on the decisions made by forest managers like Mark Gourley of Starker Forests. Unlike journal articles that incorporate only the findings from one small team of researchers, he’s glad the Swiss Needle Cast Cooperative brings a collaborative group of professionals and researchers to the table to discuss the problem the disease causes.
Swiss needle cast disease is caused by a fungal pathogen. Symptoms include yellow needles and premature needle abscission resulting in sparse crowns as well as reduced diameter and height growth of the severely infected trees.
“I feel valued when we come to the table together with other foresters and researchers from various areas from inside and outside the OSU College of Forestry. It’s a unique approach, and it works,” Gourley says.
Because no ‘silver bullet’ cure for the disease has been found or currently appears within reach, research funding has gradually declined.
So far, the cooperative is finding that there is a climatic influence on the disease.
Doug Maguire, the Giustina Professor of Forest Management, says that continuing to research various aspects of the disease remains important for effective management in the presence of the disease. If managers know their Douglas-fir stands are afflicted with Swiss needle cast, they can vary stand density and plant other species to minimize or offset the loss of production. Back in the 1990s, the first step to learning about and managing the disease was to conduct a growth impact study. Senior Faculty Research Assistant Doug Mainwaring says a new plot network will expand on that research in a strategic way. “It covers about 100 stands along the entire length of the Coast Ranges,” he says. “We wanted to sample foliage from the trees to get a feel for their initial condition.”
The cooperative will continue to take measurements every five years in order to get a sense of what the growth losses are.
“It will also help us know if the disease is getting better or worse,” Mainwaring says.
“If we have a wet spring and mild winter, that’s conducive to the fungus that causes Swiss needle cast,” Mainwaring says. “Depending on changes to our climate, people will take action one way or another. One of the smartest things to do is to plant other species in case the Douglas-fir fails, and I think that’s really important to continue.” Results from aerial analyses in 2015 indicate a slight expansion, 0.6 percent, in the affected area relative to 2014, but it remains the most significant threat to Douglas-fir plantations in western Oregon. “Sustained growth losses over the previous 20 years have resulted in millions of dollars in lost timber and tax revenues,” said Gabriela Ritokova, Assistant Director of the Swiss Needle Cooperative. “In many cases, mid-rotation stands in the hardest hit areas have remained in an unproductive state, with managers hoping for a reprieve in disease levels.”
Growth losses over the previous 20 years have resulted in millions of dollars in lost timber and tax revenues. One of the smartest things to do is to plant other species in case the Douglas-fir fails.
RESEARCH COOPERATIVES UNIQUE PRIVATE AND GOVERNMENT PARTNERS
CENTER FOR INTENSIVE PLANTED-FOREST SILVICULTURE (CIPS)
Director: Dr. Doug Maguire, Giustina Professor of Forest Management
Director: Dr. Glenn Ahrens, Forestry Extension Agent, Clackamas County Extension
CIPS was established to facilitate collaborative research between existing cooperatives, institutions and scientists in a manner that addresses long-term and interactive effects of all possible treatments constituting a silvicultural regime. Priorities for research are identified from the perspective of gaps in current knowledge, potential application of new technologies, opportunities to synthesize existing information and prediction sensitivities in the decision-support systems representing the current state of our knowledge.
The HSC is a research and technology transfer program on the ecology, reforestation and stand management of Northwest hardwood species, especially red alder. The HSC has the oldest and most extensive red alder growth database in existence. The study design includes 36 study installations from Coos Bay, Oregon to Vancouver Island, British Columbia.
CENTER FOR WOOD-BASED COMPOSITES (WBC)
Director: Dr. Fred Kamke, Professor and JELD-WEN Chair of Wood-Based Composites Science The WBC is an NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC), focused on research and education at the Universities of British Columbia and Maine, Oregon State, and Virginia Tech. Objectives of the center include promoting and coordinating wood-based composites research and education at leading universities across North America, attracting students to careers in the wood-based composites and adhesion industries, providing continuing education to the wood-based composites industry and providing a forum for intellectual exchange and interaction among professionals and students interested in wood-based composites.
ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF TREATED WOOD RESEARCH COOPERATIVE/ OSU AQUATIC COOPERATIVE (EPTW)
Director: Dr. Jeff Morrell, University Distinguished Professor, Department of Wood Science and Engineering The EPTW conducts research on the potential impacts of treated wood use in aquatic environments and develops methods for reducing migration. Members include chemical manufacturers, producers of treated wood products and trade associations.
HARDWOOD SILVICULTURE COOPERATIVE (HSC)
NORTHWEST TREE IMPROVEMENT COOPERATIVE (NWTIC)
Director: Dr. Keith Jayawickrama, Professional Faculty The NWTIC oversees cooperative breeding of Douglas-fir, western hemlock and other species of the coastal forests of the Pacific Northwest. Guidance for technical aspects of implementing these tree improvement programs is provided. Test data is stored, analyzed and interpreted to provide expertise and training in tree breeding.
PACIFIC NORTHWEST TREE IMPROVEMENT RESEARCH COOPERATIVE (PNWTIRC)
Director: Dr. Glenn Howe, Associate Professor
The purpose of the PNWTIRC is to conduct genetics and breeding research on Pacific Northwest tree species with the goal of providing priority information that will enhance the efficiency of tree improvement efforts. Emphasis is on region-wide problems dealing with major coniferous species.
SWISS NEEDLE CAST COOPERATIVE (SNCC)
Director: Dr. Dave Shaw, Associate Professor and Extension Forest Health Specialist The focus of the Swiss Needle Cast Cooperative is to conduct research on Swiss needle cast of Douglas-fir for forest landowners in Western Oregon and Washington. Research programs aim to enhance Douglas-fir productivity and forest health in the presence of Swiss needle cast (SNC) and other diseases in these areas.
The College of Forestry provides science leadership for 11 research cooperatives that conduct research and apply the results to solve problems, develop new products, support long-term field studies and develop decision support tools. There are currently more than 100 unique private industry members and eight government agencies that make up the membership of the research cooperatives. A College of Forestry faculty member leads each cooperative, and members work together to develop a mutually agreeable program of research, pool dues payments to support the cooperativeâ€™s operating budget, and provide significant in-kind support to leverage dues payments. In FY 2015 and FY 2016, cooperative dues and revenues totaled $4.25 million.
TREE BIOSAFETY AND GENOMICS RESEARCH COOPERATIVE (TBGRC)
VEGETATION MANAGEMENT RESEARCH COOPERATIVE (VMRC)
Director: Dr. Steve Strauss, Distinguished Professor of Forest Biotechnology and Leopold Fellow
Director: Dr. Carlos Gonzalez-Benecke, Assistant Professor
The goal of TBGRC is to conduct research, transfer technology and educate others about the beneficial uses of genetically engineered trees in plantations. The TBGRC seeks to test and develop select innovations, based on progress in molecular biology and agricultural biotechnology, that will ultimately have commercial value to wood-growing and horticultural industries.
The VMRC is a research program focusing on plant competition, vegetation control and early growth of forest stands. Goals of the program include developing vegetation management systems that increase seedling success while enhancing and/or maintaining forest resources; developing vegetation management techniques to exceed regulatory requirements of forest regeneration; developing threshold levels for various competitor species on crop-tree growth; developing and evaluate techniques, such as tillage, stock, planting technique and nutrition, as they interact with vegetation management to enhance reforestation success and facilitate information exchange and technical transfer among participating organizations and other related groups.
Research is focused on poplars as scientific models for genetic engineering and functional genomic studies. Experiments underway are aimed at discovery of genes with major value for control of fertility, flowering onset, crown form, wood quality and stature. A key theme of TBGRC research is the identification and testing of genes that can promote both economic and environmental benefits.
UTILITY POLE RESEARCH COOPERATIVE (UPRC)
Director: Dr. Jeff Morrell, University Distinguished Professor The UPRC conducts research aimed at prolonging the service life and improving the performance of wood poles and cross-arms used by electric utilities. Members include utilities, chemical companies, wood treaters and inspection agencies. Research topics include developing treatments for controlling internal decay, assessing methods for pole inspection, improving specifications for initial treatment and offering short courses to educate utility users.
WATERSHEDS RESEARCH COOPERATIVE (WRC)
Director: Dr. Jon Souder, Assistant Professor and Forest Watershed Extension Specialist The Watersheds Research Cooperative (WRC) conducts research on the effects of current and expected forest practices on intensively managed commercial forestland on water quality, fisheries and other water-related values. The knowledge and technology developed by the WRC influences the Forest Practices Act policy process to ensure adequate protection of water and fish. It also helps to prevent ineffective forest practice rules that would arbitrarily restrict harvest and management practices in headwater streams and areas adjacent to fish-bearing streams.
THE AFTERLIFE OF TREES MARK HARMON, PROFESSOR AND RICHARDSON CHAIR IN FOREST SCIENCE, DOES NOT BELIEVE THAT ART AND SCIENCE SHOULD LIVE IN SEPARATE WORLDS. “The more you study science, the more you’re given explanations based on facts,” he says. “Sooner or later, you stop learning about the humanities and practicing art and writing. As I’ve gotten older, I’ve become less tolerant of crushing the humanity out of science.” Harmon himself was inspired by poetry and prose from the Spring Creek Project’s writers in residence at the H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest. The Spring Creek Project’s focus is bringing together the practical wisdom of the environmental sciences, the clarity of philosophical analysis and the creative, expressive power of the written word to find new ways to understand our relation to the natural world. “The writers in residence who visit the forest are required to go to different sites and write about their observations,” Harmon explains. “Some of them were sent to my log decomposition sites, and people kept sending me the writing that came out of it.” Harmon says some of the writing is funny, and some is profound. “One piece in particular makes me almost cry each time I read it,” he says, “And I’m not a touchy-feely guy.” Harmon, an expert on tree decomposition, says the biggest challenge of his work is explaining that dead trees actually exist.
“Even some scientists do not understand this issue,” Harmon says. “There wasn’t a lot of research being done on dead trees until about ten years ago.”
He decided to combat this problem by using art and the humanities to help make his point. In FY 2015 he teamed up with the Corvallis Arts Center to produce a show called “Rot: The Afterlife of Trees.” Twenty-four Oregon artists were represented in the exhibition. The works included paintings, photography, sculptures and performance art as well as contemporary music. They dealt with the idea of life after death: that rotting trees often bring new life to forests. Elementary school classes visited the exhibition and created their own murals in response. The murals were filled with hand-drawn images of foxes, birds, insects and other wildlife, and those were added to the show as well. The exhibition ran from January to February at the Corvallis Arts Center and was moved to the World Forestry Center in Portland in the spring. Harmon says both shows were a success. “If I write a paper that gets cited a few times, that’s a success,” he says. “But we had more than 2,000 people come to the art show in Corvallis alone. A lot of education these days is very indirect. Through art, you can pique someone’s interest about a topic, and when they go and research it themselves, they’re much more likely to retain the information than if they just had it dumped on them.” “We’ve set up this world in which art and science are viewed as alternative and opposing forces,” he says. “But art is often assisted by technology and inspired by scientific breakthroughs. And scientists aren’t just cold, calculating machines. We’re often inspired by art and by intuition.
THE DEPARTMENT OF FOREST E CO THE DEPARTMENT OF FOREST ECOSYSTEMS AND SOCIETY (FES) BRINGS TOGETHER STUDENTS, STAFF AND FACULTY WITH INTEREST AND EXPERTISE IN FOREST BIOLOGY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE TO TACKLE SOME OF THE MOST PRESSING ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES FACING US TODAY.
Dr. Steve Strauss, distinguished professor of forest biotechnology and Leopold Fellow, conducting research in conjunction with the tree biosafety and genomics research cooperative, have demonstrated effective bioconfinement in field-grown poplars for the first time. The work, using the Nobel prize-winning method known as RNA interference, turned down a key gene for flowering, giving rise to trees unable to produce fertile catkins but that otherwise looked and grew normally.
Led by Dr. Michael Nelson, the Ruth H. Spaniol Chair of Renewable Resources, the H.J. Andrews Long Term Ecological Research Program received continued funding of $1 million per year for six years. LTER research ranges from a diverse set of biophysical science efforts, from social sciences to humanities efforts like conservation ethics and history. The program continues to foster and lead in inclusive art, music, and creative writing endeavors.
RESEARCH The Trophic Cascades Program, led by Dr. Bill Ripple, distinguished professor in forest, wildlife and landscape ecology, is national and global in scope. In 2014, Ripple collaborated with more than 100 scientists from 13 U.S. states and 13 other countries (Canada, Austria, Germany, Australia, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Norway, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Argentina, South Africa and Brazil) to document the endangerment status, trends and ecological effects of the world’s largest carnivores. This work captured media attention globally after it was published in Science and was subsequently featured by more than 100 international media sources. According to Google News metrics, it was the top-ranked science news story in the world for three days after it was published. While it is known that woody plants deal with drought through their current year’s growth, Dr. Barb Lachenbruch’s work with Douglas-fir has shown that the morphology of the previous year’s growth — specifically, length, leaf area and diameter — also has a large effect on the vigor of the shoot produced in the next year. The branch’s hydraulic traits — vulnerability, embolism and conductivity — did not affect subsequent vigor, suggesting that monitoring of architecture may be sufficient for predicting drought vulnerability.
A N D I N N O VAT I O N Dr. Dana Warren, assistant professor of fish ecology, and his team found that sections of the stream with old-growth riparian forests actually receive more light on average in summer than sections with uniform mid-seral, second-growth, riparian forests. This difference appears to be enough to influence primary production, nutrient demand and potentially fish abundance. This finding is important because many streamside forests across Oregon — and across North America — are in this mid-seral stage, and as they transition toward old-growth conditions, the expected increase in light that will occur has the potential to yield biologically meaningful impacts on stream ecosystems and stream biota.
Dr. Chris Still, associate professor of ecosystem ecology, and his research team discovered important new connections between leaf temperatures in forests and their uptake of carbon. Importantly, this work has shown that the highest rates of carbon uptake occurred at daytime mean leaf temperatures between 10-15° C (50-59° F), with a sharp drop off as daytime mean leaf temperatures exceeded 20° C (68° F). As climate warms and heat waves increase in intensity and frequency, this portends large losses of forest carbon in the future.
Klaus Puettmann, professor of silviculture and forest ecology, showed the limitations of a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach to restoring late successional habitat as part of his silviculture research. Instead, results showed the gains in efficiency of achieving restoration goals, when treatments are modified to reflect and enhance the variability in initial stand conditions and manage for spatial and structural heterogeneity. 36 |
E COSYSTEMS AND SOCIETY
Faculty are world leaders in a wide variety of disciplines, including restoration ecology, forest social science, genetics and tree improvement, tree physiology, climate change and carbon dynamics, natural resource economics and policy, wilderness and recreation resource management, silviculture, wildlife biology and nature-based tourism. Faculty engage students in community-based learning experiences, research experience in our labs, internships with agencies and industries and field trips to a variety of forest sites from cities to wilderness.
E D U C AT I O N
FES conducted a 10-year self-study of the natural resources program and hosted an external review team in FY 2016. The response was generally favorable and recommended expanding the natural resources program. The department is in the process of developing the action plan in response to the external review. Faculty and staff in FES are leading the process of developing a diversity, equity and inclusion strategic plan to align college and campus efforts. The college conducted a climate survey to assess current standing and developed an initial draft of the plan which will be revised, approved, and implemented during FY 2017. FES faculty and instructors delivered 15,983 student credit hours of scheduled courses in FY 2015 and FY 2016. This includes on-campus and Ecampus-based classes but does not include thesis, research, or master of natural resources project credits. The master of natural resources program launched the graduate certificate in forests and climate change.
FES faculty, staff and students continue to place a priority on mentoring students from underrepresented groups. This includes students supported by Board of Visitors or SEEDS funding to do undergraduate research, mentoring of Honors students, hosting the Ecological Society of Americaâ€™s SEEDS students at the H.J. Andrews Research Forests and overseeing internships for undergraduate students in India and Gabon. The FES graduate program focused on refining program policies and requirements, developing tools to better communicate program policies and requirements to potential students, current students and faculty and developing systems to track satisfactory academic progress. Departmemt leadership conducted an extensive market survey to inform curricular changes, surveying existing students, alumni, potential students, and employers. This effort identified several key educational needs.
O UTRE AC H
FES faculty take leadership roles in a number of organizations including the Las Cruces Biological Station, the Association for Temperate Agroforestry, IUFRO, state Prescribed Fire Councils, the Tree Genes Initiative, the International Association of Wood Anatomists, the Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS) of Europe, Native Plant Society of Oregon, Western Forest Insect Work Conference, NASA Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center Working Group, and the U.S. Forest Service. FES faculty continue to lead the organization of a number of conferences and symposiums. Of note, Mark Needham was the conference chair for the eighth International Congress on Coastal and Marine Tourism, Klaus Puettmann was co-organizer of a symposium at the North American Forest Ecology Workshop, and Barb Lachenbruch was appointed to organize a future Gordon Research Conference. Extension faculty in FES led and participated in the delivery of 41 programs to 2,676 participants. Gross revenues from these programs amounted to $52,615. Programming included short courses on woodland management, forest weed management, basic woodland management, and arboriculture. Other programs include Oregon Season Trackers, Oregon Forest Pest Detector and Tree School. A substantial focus of outreach and extension was on wildfire, including a field tour of the 36 Pit Fire, prescribed fire for habitat restoration, and defensible space.
A NEW FACILITY
FOR A NEW GENERATION OF FORESTERS In January 2015, Oregon State University and the College of Forestry officially launched a $68 million initiative to build the Oregon Forest Science Complex (OFSC). Once completed in fall 2018, the state-of-the-art facility will provide current and future students with a transformative education experience across a full range of forestry and natural resources degree programs. The OFSC will include the new Peavy Hall and the A.A. “Red” Emmerson Advanced Wood Products Laboratory. Throughout these facilities, visitors will notice innovative use of advanced wood products including cross-laminated timber harvested and made in Oregon. “When we think about building up cities and buildings, we’re going to have to build them out of renewable materials and advanced wood products like CLT,” says College of Forestry Dean Thomas Maness. “The OFSC will be made in Oregon and grown in Oregon. We are the only state in the U.S. where you can produce CLT, so this building is certainly for the people of Oregon, but also represents forestry in the entire region. If ever there was a place on the planet where you would want a premier forestry school, this is it.” The OFSC will contain 20,000 square-feet of laboratory space dedicated to the creation of advanced wood products. The look and atmosphere of the complex will reinforce Oregon State’s international status as a premier forestry, natural resources and wood science institution devoted to improving our forest landscape and ecosystems.
“The creation of a thousand forests is in one acorn.”
And the building itself won’t look like others on the Oregon State campus.
- Ralph Waldo Emerson
“Most of the buildings on campus are brick,” says the complex’s architect Michael Green, “Even Richardson Hall is primarily brick with just a bit of wood, and with the OFSC, you’ll see just the opposite. There will be a lot of different kinds of wood, and innovations with wood products will even be visible on the exterior.” An arboretum and outdoor classroom are also in Green’s plans. “It’s designed to bring the outside in and take the inside out,” says Maness. Maness, who spearheaded the effort to create and fund the project, has a vision for the complex. “Through the experience of walking through the front door of the OFSC, everyone should learn enough to earn a credit,” Maness says. “Everyone will learn something by virtue of being in the space, and it will expand opportunities for students to learn in and out of the classroom.” Students will learn about the forestry and natural resources industry through educational and interactive displays throughout the building. There is also much to be learned from the materials themselves. The building will not only feature brand new, Oregon produced CLT but also recycled wood beams from the old Peavy Hall in order to honor the college’s storied past as it continues to work toward its goal of training the next generation of foresters and natural resources professionals. “This building is about the future of the profession of forestry,” Maness says. “The way we thought about forestry in the past is very different from how we think about forestry now.” He holds true to words penned by poet and naturalist Ralph Waldo Emerson: “The creation of a thousand forests is in one acorn.”
OREGON FOREST SCIENCE COMPLEX
record fundraising in fy 2015 and 2016
Thanks to the continued strong support from donors and friends, the college had a record biennium for fundraising with $36.05 million. A majority of the gifts were in support of fundraising efforts for the new Oregon Forest Science Complex. The college has nearly met its goal of $38 million in pledges and gifts for the project and received $29.7 million in bonds from the State of Oregon in FY 2015. Private giving also supported a number of endowments and provided over $1 million in scholarships during FY 2015 and FY 2016.
The collegeâ€™s Board of Visitors, consisting of more than 30 leaders from private forest industry, has been actively involved in the fundraising efforts. During FY 2015 and 2016, the board advocated for the college throughout the legislative session and contributed a significant amount to the Oregon Forest Science Complex campaign. More than $200,000 in annual Board of Visitor dues is collected each year and is used to fund important initiatives such as providing $30,000 matches to the Provostâ€™s Distinguished Doctoral Fellowship and funding for the Strengthening Education and Employment for Diverse Students (SEEDS) Program.
Oregon Forest Science Complex - Project Information
completion date: Fall 2018 budget: $68 million size: 95,000+ square feet project funding: Public/private partnership equally-funded by donations from members of the forest industry and state construction bonds 40 |
Made possible thanks to the generous alumni, donors and friends of the College of Forestry.
Project goals Renew the built environment of the College Build modern research and teaching space to recruit students to the college and to forestry careers Grow opportunities for undergraduates in research, professional practice and collaborative learning Honor the legacy of the forestry profession
Promote OSU/UO collaboration to position the State of Oregon as a hub for innovative and sustainable building design utilizing new wood products Eliminate $6m to $10m in deferred maintenance on existing Peavy Hall Showcase Oregonâ€™s forest products industry and support growth of manufacturing capacity in timberdependent rural communities
TALL WOOD BUILDINGS:
A TEAM OF OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY RESEARCHERS ARE HELPING TO BUILD ONE OF AMERICA’S TALLEST WOOD BUILDINGS. Led by assistant professor of structural engineering Andre Barbosa, professor of structural engineering Christopher Higgins, and assistant professor of renewable materials Arijit Sinha, the TallWood Design Institute and KPFF Consulting Engineers have partnered to conduct structural performance and connection testing on a project called “Framework” (Framework Project LLC), a 12-story, mixed-use structure in north Portland. It was designed by a team from LEVER Architects and Project^. The project won the U.S. Tall Wood Building Prize Competition, a contest sponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Softwood Lumber Board and the Binational Softwood Lumber Council. The team was awarded $1.5 million toward the project.
The USDA grant will allow the project to engage the exploratory phase, including the research and development necessary to utilize cross-laminated timber (CLT) and other engineered wood products in high-rise construction in the United States. This includes working with Portland and Oregon code authorities during the pre-permitting process to define and perform the necessary testing and peer review to demonstrate the feasibility of tall wood buildings.
Testing is required because CLT is not currently part of the Oregon prescriptive building code but as Alternate Means and Methods, which require sufficient evidence of the product’s desired level of performance. That is where Oregon State comes in with crushing, shear, and wall-splice tests that will prove stiffness, strength, and other important characteristics. The team conducted the tests at the O.H. Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory, which imitates seismic activity to illustrate CLT’s remarkable resistance to earthquakes. “This testing can be very extensive and time consuming,” says Sinha, who lead the tests. “But it’s worth it because we are able to collect this data and share it with others to be used in the future. Our students also get great hands-on experience helping with the tests.” “Framework” contains retail space on the first floor followed by five levels of offices and five levels of workforce housing. More importantly, the building contains Oregon grown and produced CLT, an advanced wood product that represents the future of construction.
The Framework building in Portland will be the tallest mass timber building in the United States
TALLWOOD DESIGN INSTITUTE
The State of Oregon provides $1.3 million annually as base funding for the Institute. In the last biennium, these funds launched the Institute as a selfsupporting enterprise and provided the matching dollars necessary to secure federal and private investment in a number of initiatives. These included funds to engage international experts and practitioners to frame, evaluate, and launch industry-driven research projects; the collaborative development of strategic research priorities to support market development and investment in manufacturing capacity; launch over $1.8 million in research projects; material testing of mass timber applications in commercial projects, investment in state-of-the-art testing and pilot-manufacturing equipment for research and workforce training; and to support events such as an Affordable Housing Round Table and focus groups to assist Oregon companies in the development of new wood products.
in base funding annually to the institute provided by the state of oregon to lauch programs to grow mass timber technology.
CONDUCTING UNPARALLELED RESEARCH • Energy efficiency — one of the nation’s premier research labs for energy efficiency • Structural integrity • Fire • Durability • Acoustic • Seismic performance • Climate condition testing — one of only three sites in world with a Multi-Chamber Modular Environmental Conditioning System • Advanced CNC and robotic manufacturing equipment for product prototyping
DRIVING MARKET DEVELOPMENT • Supported the development of the first U.S. APA/ANSI certified structural cross-laminated timber panels (D.R. Johnson Wood Innovations) • Supported the development of a new product called Mass Plywood Panels (Freres Lumber Company, Inc.) • Partnering with the City of Springfield to assist in the design and engineering of a 214,000 square-foot mass timber parking garage • Tested panels to be used in the 12-story Framework project, one of two winners of a U.S. Department of Agriculture mass timber design competition
MAKING MASS TIMBER BUILDING POSSIBLE • Leading the charge to overcome code barriers related to building with mass timber, including working with building code officials and conducting original research • Providing support and peer review of mass timber building permit applications • Developing integrated curriculum to train a new generation of architects, design engineers and manufacturers on advanced wood products • Through UO’s leadership in building performance, providing guidance on acoustics, energy, durability, air quality and other performance measures
Established in 2015, The TallWood Design Institute is the nation’s top research collaborative focusing exclusively on the advancement of structural wood products. The Institute conducts the research testing and educational programs needed to grow mass timber building technology and product demand in the design and construction of buildings in the U.S. and Pacific Rim. The Institute is a partnership between Oregon State University and the University of Oregon, bringing together the top wood products and sustainable design programs in the U.S. The Institute’s deep expertise in forestry, wood-based materials, engineering and architecture is driving innovation — from forest to frame.
congressional appropriation for institute sponsored research
Supporting the development of the wood products manufacturing sector The TallWood Design Institute received a $1.8 million congressional appropriation to invest in research and testing to support development of the Oregon wood products manufacturing sector in conjunction with wood building design initiatives. After awarding $550,000 through the college’s IWFL to launch four research projects that will enhance understanding of wood building structures, $1.25M in funding was awarded to eight projects to address current challenges and potential opportunities in the wood construction sector.
$450,000 grant from the economic development administration
Integrating mass timber construction into the building codes In February 2016, the the federal Economic Development Administration approved a grant of nearly $450,000 to the TallWood Design Institute to jump-start the use of new engineered wood products in the building industry. The institute will use the funding to develop testing to help integrate mass timber construction into Oregon’s building code standards, while maintaining a close working relationship with the Oregon Building Codes Division.
OSU & D.R. JOHNSON WORK TOGETHER TO PRODUCE
CROSS-LAMINATED TIMBER THANKS TO A PARTNERSHIP WITH THE OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF FORESTRY, D.R. JOHNSON WOOD INNOVATIONS IN RIDDLE, OREGON, RECENTLY BECAME THE FIRST U.S. CERTIFIED MANUFACTURER OF CROSS-LAMINATED TIMBER Cross-laminated timber (CLT) is a massive structural composite panel product usually consisting of three to nine layers of dimension timber arranged perpendicular to each other, much like layers of veneer in plywood. CLT can be used as prefabricated wall, floor and roofing elements in residential, public and commercial structures. It is extremely strong and flexible, making it resilient to seismic activity. Lech Muszyński, associate professor of wood science and engineering, first saw CLT in production during his 2009 sabbatical in Austria. He says those facilities were unlike anything he had ever seen. “I decided to visit as many production facilities as I could because the diversity was astounding,” Muszyński says. “I learned that you don’t need to be a big operation to make a difference in the market.” Once back at OSU, Muszyński began making the rounds to industry partners to gauge their interest in constructing CLT test panels. He had little success until a meeting of the college’s Board of Visitors. Valerie Johnson, president of D.R. Johnson Lumber was in the room.
“The college asked if any of the companies present might be able to make CLT panels because they wanted to do testing,” Johnson says. “Since we’ve produced Glulam since 1967 I thought, ‘How hard could it be?’” Johnson says those words are jokingly repeated to her often by her staff.
Despite challenges, D.R. Johnson formed a partnership with Muszyński’s team. In October 2014, Oregon BEST awarded a $150,000 commercialization grant to D.R. Johnson Lumber for a CLT plant.
“We continue to work together with Oregon State to pursue our CLT production line here as well as expanding the awareness of CLT to a larger audience. Not only in Oregon, but throughout the Pacific Northwest,” Johnson says. Increased production of CLT would boost the timber industry, create jobs and create structures that could withstand the threat of seismic activity within the Cascadia Subduction Zone. Muszyński says education of the industry and the public about advanced wood products like CLT is his greatest challenge. “The lumber industry needs to adapt,” he explains. “There will be learning curves along the entire supply chain.” Oregon State and D.R. Johnson believe the reward of using CLT will be worth the challenges especially in the Cascadia Subduction Zone. When a CLT panel sustains earthquake damage, it can be more easily repaired than steel or concrete. Muszyński’s team is moving forward to test CLT’s resistance to fire and other natural disasters. In September 2016, the four-story Albina Yard building in Portland became the first building in the United States to be constructed of domestically produced — by D.R. Johnson — CLT. “If the client is happy with this product, it would mean more commissions,” Muszyński says. “Just think what it could do for the rural Oregon economy. There’s no reason why this technology should not be used widely in Oregon and throughout the United States.”
I thought, â€œHow hard could it be?â€? - Valerie Johnson, President, D.R. Johnson
THE DEPARTMENT OF WOOD SC THE DEPARTMENT OF WOOD SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING IS A MULTIDISCIPLINARY UNIVERSITY PROGRAM FOCUSED ON THE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND BUSINESS PRACTICES THAT HELP SOCIETY SUSTAINABLY MEET OUR NEEDS FOR RENEWABLE MATERIALS AND HELP ENSURE THE GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS OF AMERICAN BUSINESS.
Sara Robinson, assistant professor of anatomy of renewable materials, filed a provisional patent application for the use of different oils to act as carriers for fungal dyes (U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/220,694).
RESEARCH Kaichang Li, professor of composite materials, continues to be active in developing new resins with three provisional patents submitted: pressure-sensitive adhesives based on carboxylic acid and epoxides, vegetable oil-based unsaturated polyster resins and styrene-free thermoset resins. The styrene-free resins provide a cost-competitive, environmentally-friendly alternative to the styrene-based resins used to manufacture fiber-reinforced, unsaturated composites. The Oregon State University Venture Development Fund provided a grant of $125,000 to support commercialization of the thermoset resin.
An Oregon BEST project with EcNowTech utilizing technology developed at Oregon State resulted in the company utilizing technology developed in the Simonsen lab to create biodegradable ice cream sticks. This product is currently being used by the food company, So Delicious Dairy Free, in their ice cream products.
John Simonsen, professor of wood composities, was involved in two patent applications related to nanocellulose being used as a food coating. The food coating technology has important potential in a variety of areas of food production, pre-harvest, postharvest and processing of fruits. Trials are ongoing and positive results have been obtained for cherries, pears, blueberries, apples, wine grapes, mangoes and bananas.
A N D I N N O VAT I O N Fred Kamke, professor and JELD-WEN Chair of woodbased composites science and Scott Leavengood, associate professor and extension specialist, have assisted Spekply with the creation of new composite products, which has led to the companyâ€™s decision to start a new processing facility in Oregon. Kamke and Leavengood have also been instrumental in a collaboration between Spekply and EcoPro Polymers and two other Oregon wood-based businesses: Torzo Sustainable Surfaces and Trillium Pacific Millwork.
Ari Sinha, assistant professor of renewable materials, and Fred Kamke provided research support for the product development and proof of concept testing for Neucor. Their research helped identify the optimum process parameters for molded core strand composites and characterized the mechanical and structural properties of the new type of wood panel. This is a new product line that can be successfully integrated into mainstream construction materials.
D SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
Our mission includes: educating new professionals for challenging careers; providing a graduate education fully engaged in the dynamism and diversity of a rapidly-evolving, international field; and discovering new knowledge and solving problems through innovative research. We are one of the largest and most diverse wood science and engineering programs in North America, but pride ourselves on behaving like a small program when it comes to student success.
E D U C AT I O N
WSE designed an architecture course with the aim of exposing renewable materials students to the use of wood in construction. Discussions continue to be held with University of Oregon architecture faculty regarding new course offerings for students from both universities. The renewable materials program added a new threeterm series of specialized coursework focused on the specifics of manufacturing, marketing and distribution of secondary wood products. These new courses give students opportunities to apply what they learn in the classroom to produce manufactured products from wood and other renewable materials. During the first offering of the course, students successfully designed, built, launched and marketed a line of bottle openers. Students created a wine carrying case in the second year of the course. Sara Robinson led the creation of a new undergraduate degree option — art and design. The option focuses on understanding 2D and 3D form, understanding aesthetics, designing and building with wood and other renewable materials for decorative purposes, understanding the underlying biological factors in woods and developing a sound physical, chemical, and structural knowledge of wood as a design material.
O UTRE AC H
WSE undergraduate credit hour production totaled 3,418 during the biennium and was at an all-time high in FY 2016 (1,775). Student credit hour production almost doubled in the last three years. Graduate student credit hour production also increased, totaling 2,005 student credit hours over the biennium. Faculty in WSE are highly connected to the wood products industry, internationally and nationally, and place a high value on experiential learning opportunities. The relationships facilitate student internships with major companies and promote exchanges of students to highly-regarded wood science programs globally. Every student that graduates from the renewable materials undergraduate degree program has at least six months of experience through an internship, exchange or summer jobs program. The WSE graduate program successfully completed its OSU review in FY 2015. The recommendation was to maintain the program at its current status, with expansion possible in future years. The program currently enrolls 37 students including 15 international students representing 11 different countries.
Workshops remain the primary focus of WSE extension faculty, during FY 2015 and FY 2016 they included:
Chris Knowles, associate professor of forest products marketing, teaches a successful wood basics course through the North American Wholesale Lumber Association. The course is offered to those new to the forest products industry and is offered in two locations: Corvallis and Starkville, Mississippi. The course had 64 attendees in the last two years. Jeff Morrell, distinguished professor of biodeterioration, materials protection and product durability, and program coordinator Michelle Maller, led Wood Magic, a program delivered to approximately 1,100 students in Corvallis and 950 in Portland. Wood Magic is an interactive experience designed to educate elementary students about the wonders of wood as a material.
The Oregon Wood Innovation Center, led by Scott Leavengood, continues to provide support to the Oregon wood products industry. For his efforts, Leavengood was presented with the OSU Outreach and Engagement Award. The award recognizes significant and meritorious work which enhances reciprocal learning with our students, partners and stakeholders through outreach and engagement activities. Mike Milota, professor of wood science, hosted the department’s 67th annual workshop, “how to dry lumber for quality and profit” in December 2015. The three-day event was attended by 39 sawmill professionals from the West Coast.
WOWnet MAKES A DIFFERENCE FOR
WOMEN FOREST MANAGERS
IN 2015, THE OREGON WOMEN OWNING WOODLANDS NETWORK (WOWNET) CELEBRATED TEN YEARS OF BEING A RESOURCE FOR WOMEN WHO ARE THE PRIMARY MANAGERS AND OWNERS OF WOODLAND PROPERTY. WOWnet is an Oregon State University and College of Forestry and Natural Resources Extension education program which recognizes the growing number of women taking on a wide range of active woodland management roles. The program raises basic forestry and decision-making skill levels among women through hands-on opportunities, supports and increases women’s access to forestry-related resources and encourages communication among Oregon’s female woodland managers through the development of statewide and local networks. WOWnet Coordinator Tiffany Fegel says times are changing for female woodland owners. “Forestry is a traditionally male-dominated field,” she says. “Sometimes at mixed-gender industry events, women are afraid to ask questions and interact with male counterparts. At WOWnet events, women can collaborate and learn in a comfortable and uplifting environment.” Member Wylda Cafferata agrees. “My friends are not woodlands owners,” she says. “Much of what I do on our forest — site preparation, pruning, planting, tubing, road repair and cruising — is just foreign to them. At WOWnet gatherings, I can talk about forest management issues without getting those odd, glazed stares.” Cafferata co-manages four parcels of land in Benton, Lane and Lincoln Counties with her husband. Cafferata has made a point of learning forest management alongside her husband. However, some women are not as fortunate.
Cafferata says she has a lot to learn from the women who solely manage their land. “While I don’t dwell on the grim but real possibility of someday being the sole manager of my land, it is comforting to know that WOWnet is there for me, and that gives me confidence,” she says.” Recent WOWNet events included a retreat at the Hopkins Demonstration Forest where about 40 women attended workshops about the business side of forestry, management planning and chainsaw safety and maintenance. Oregon Products brought a line of new battery-operated chainsaws for the group to test. The women of WOWnet also host their own events called Walks in the Woods, which are tours of private properties managed by women. “Those events are a time to ask questions and to see what other landowners are up to. They provide an opportunity for the women to learn from each other,” said Fegel. Fegel says her current hopes for WOWnet include engaging more women from less active regions of the state and continuing to provide high-quality education events and opportunities for women to get together and share their knowledge and experiences. Fegel says WOWnet events are full of positive energy no matter what the topic or location. “The women are so excited about what they’re doing and to be working out in their woodlands,” Fegel says. “When they can come together and share that, it’s amazing. It’s not like any other industry event you would go to.
“Sometimes women are left to manage their land due to a number of circumstances,” Fegel says. “WOWnet is a place where they can turn, not only for help with how to manage their property, but also to find comfort from other women who have
experienced similar tragedies. Also more women than ever are purchasing land for themselves, and we’re happy to be a resource for them.”
Learn more at womenowningwoodlands.net/content/oregon-women-owning-woodlands-network 50 |
â€œIt is comforting to know that WOWnet is there for me, and that gives me confidence.â€?
FORESTRY AND NATURAL RESOURCES
hours of instruction
$182,000 in program revenues
Delivering high-quality education programs to help guide forest and natural resource management The Forestry & Natural Resources (FNR) Extension Program is one of five established program areas within the Oregon State University Extension Service. Established in the 1940s, the FNR Extension program is the largest of its type in the U.S., and is often regarded as the nationâ€™s marquee FNR program. FNR Extension agents and specialists deliver high-quality, targeted and impactful educational programs to a wide variety of audiences including private forest owners; practicing natural resource professionals; Christmas tree producers; forest workers such as loggers, tree planters, and contractors; forest products mill owners and managers; school teachers and policymakers. FNR Extension currently employs 12 field agents covering 28 of Oregonâ€™s 36 counties. In addition, 12 statewide extension specialists cover the
following subjects: water resources and watershed management, silviculture, forest health, human dimensions in natural resources, collaborative natural resource management, forest management and forest economics, urban forestry, timber harvesting and forest operations, Christmas tree production and marketing, forest products processing, forest products marketing and green building. In FY 2015 and FY 2016, the FNR Extension Program conducted 139 half-day or longer educational events across Oregon, the region and the country. These events provided 1,395 hours of instruction and reached 6,192 individuals. The FNR Extension Program worked with more than 50 partner organizations and generated $182,000 in program revenues for the biennium.
CURRENT FORESTRY AND NATURAL RESOURCES EXTENSION PROGRAMS ASK AN EXPERT Since its debut on the OSU Extension website in March 2011, ‘Ask an Expert’ has fielded over 9,750 questions from across the state, the nation and world. Answers to a number of forestry, natural resources and gardening topics come within two working days from OSU’s approximately 165 faculty experts and more than 20 Extension-trained Master Gardener volunteers.
OREGON NATURAL RESOURCES EDUCATION PROGRAM ONREP prepares K-12 educators to actively engage students in the study of Oregon’s diverse natural resources and ecosystems through relevant, meaningful and place-based experiential learning. Over the course of the biennium, nearly 2,000 educators have attended over 100 workshops, reaching a potential of close to 100,000 students each year.
OREGON WOOD INNOVATION CENTER OWIC, a collaborative FRL/FNR Extension initiative, fostered the competitiveness of Oregon’s wood-products industry through testing, technical assistance and market assessment projects for Oregon businesses. OWIC completed nine publications in the wood-based entrepreneur’s toolkit. In addition, nine publications in a new series titled “Executive Innovation Briefs” were developed. More than 30 undergraduate renewable materials students were directly involved in the Center’s research and development activities.
CONTINUING AND PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAM
MASTER WOODLAND MANAGER PROGRAM
The CPE program was established in July 2014 in order to create a more conducive environment for the college to provide continuing education to the professionals in forestry and natural resources. For FY 2016, the program coordinated eight events that totaled over 140 hours of instruction and reached more than 600 participants.
The training program is a master’slevel course for landowners who are interested in an intensive forest management training and sharing the knowledge gained through this training with people in their local communities. In FY 2015 and FY 2016, 93 participants reported the program allowed them to better manage over 25,000 acres of forest land.
OREGON WOMEN OWNING WOODLANDS NETWORK
OREGON MASTER NATURALIST PROGRAM
WOWNet continues to provide relevant peer-learning opportunities for women in forestry roles, an emerging landowner group, to help inform land management decisions. There are more than 440 members of the WOWNet program who participate in activities such as full-day retreats, evening trainings and focus groups. At a national level, many other states, including Minnesota and Pennsylvania are currently looking to the Oregon WOWnet as a model to develop their own programs.
The OMN program is designed for people interested in Oregon’s natural history and natural resources management who want to dedicate their time as volunteers. The program provides an opportunity to learn about natural resources through the study of scientifically-sound information. Participants volunteer for natural resources programs, agencies and organizations in their communities. In FY 2015 and FY 2016, 50 volunteers achieved OMN certification. Since 2012, 126 OMN volunteers have contributed to 49 local, state and federal agency and non-profit volunteer projects More than 155,000 individuals were reached through volunteer activities. This represents $343,980 worth of volunteer service in four years of recording data.
NORTHWEST FIRE SCIENCE CONSORTIUM The NWFSC continues to expand its reach throughout Washington and Oregon, accelerating the awareness, understanding and adoption of wildland fire science. During FY 2015 and FY 2016, significant activities and products included a webinar series on insect influences on wildfire severity and fuel dynamics, 10 field tours throughout Washington and Oregon on a number of fire-related topics and completion of four research briefs and eight fire fact sheets.
CONTINUE MISSION OF TEACHING, LEARNING AND SUPPORTING HABITAT RESEARCH
OUTREACH AND RECREATION
The research forests regularly host visiting researchers from around the globe, and are a resource for Oregon State faculty to conduct their own research programs.
Throughout each year, the research forests host important community events including STEM Academy, a program which engages high-level high school students in forest ecology to further their understanding of how forest ecosystems work and what is involved in their management. The research forests also host Get Outdoors Day, which introduces first-time visitors and underserved communities to public lands and connects local youth to the great outdoors.
A team of college researchers began a study of pollinators in 2014. Jim Rivers, an assistant professor of forest, wildlife and landscape ecology who leads the study, said his goal is to shine light on this under-researched topic and begin a dialogue about the importance of pollinators in forests growing back after a disturbance and the importance of early-seral forest conditions.
TEACHING AND THE STUDENT LOGGING TRAINING PROGRAM Recognized as a world leader in forestry and natural resources research and education, students from OSU have the opportunity to complete labs and study in the forests, located just minutes from campus. One of those opportuntities is the Student Logging Training Program, a hands-on experience for forestry students to gain real-life skills. The SLTP provides a unique opportunity to experience real world logging applications, primarily on the McDonald-Dunn College Forest. Students learn to integrate silviculture with harvesting systems. Theprogram also has a multifaceted set of goals. These include: training and teaching; conduct workshops and class demonstrations; promote forest engineering and harvest operations to the public; and, demonstrating safe work practices.
By assisting the research forests staff with managing young stands with skyline cable thinning, salvaging small pockets of blow down. clearing roads and removing hazards, graduates leave OSU ready to make an impact in the field.
“You get the full picture from planning to harvesting, then site prep and planting. Having the knowledge is important, but being able to apply it in the field is what employers are looking for. By applying the practices I learned at OSU, I am more comfortable and confident in my work,” says Derek Littlejohn, a 2015 forestry graduate.
Recreation on the research forests has been increasing rapidly in the last decade. The forest is used for hiking, running, mountain biking, horseback riding, and hunting is allowed on the Dunn Forest. With over 145,000 user visits each year, managing recreation is important for reducing conflicts, protecting research and cultural sites, and maintaining our ability to manage the forest in a safe manner.
TIMBER HARVESTING Teaching proper timber harvesting and land management techniques is one of the primary goals of the college research forests. Sales from each year’s timber harvest are the forests’ main source of revenue. During calendar years 2015 and 2016, aided by the assistance of the Oregon State Student Logging Training Program, the research forests harvested 14.66 million board feet of timber, including 4.89 million board feet salvaged from the November 2014 ice storm, generating $8.5 million in total timber revenues and $3.12 million in net revenues to the college to support management of the research forests, recreation programs, research, and teaching initiatives.
WILDLIFE HABITAT While most visitors will never run across these elusive animals on a visit to one of the research forests, Fitzgerald says the forests are home to populations of cougars, bears and bobcats. More commonly sighted species include deer, elk and turkey. The forest provides a habitat for these animals as well as a variety of other birds and fish.
Hundreds of thousands of people enjoy more than 14,000 acres of the College Research Forests owned and operated by the Oregon State University College of Forestry. Forest Director Stephen Fitzgerald wants them to know the forests are there for a bigger purpose. “This is not a park,” he explains. “Although a lot of people recreate out here, and we want them to, we also want them to know that this is a working forest and it plays a huge role in the teaching, research and success of the OSU College of Forestry.”
RESEARCH FORESTS blodgett tract
matteson tract The 180-acre tract, located near the west shore of Hagg Lake near Gaston, contains a range of stand types and will serve to demonstrate how small forest parcels can be actively managed to provide income while sustaining other non-timber values over time.
The Blodgett Tract, located in the hills immediately above the Columbia River floodplain, is very productive. Following railroad logging in the late 1920s, a 1934 escaped slash fire created an excellent seed bed. Today, natural regeneration of Douglas-fir and western hemlock provide good annual growth. Coho salmon and other anadromous fish species spawn in the tractâ€™s clear streams.
mcdonald-dunn forest The McDonald-Dunn Research Forest consists of approximately 11,250 acres of predominantly forested land on the western edge of the Willamette Valley, and on the eastern foothills of the Coast Range. McDonaldDunn Research Forest is located a short 15-minute drive north of the OSU campus. Because of its proximity to campus, this forest is extensively used for university instruction and research. The Forestâ€™s non-motorized recreation opportunities in close proximity to the Corvallis community result in over 175,000 non-motorized recreation visits each year, another researchable opportunity. Peavy Arboretum is being developed to provide examples of all of the major eco-zones found in Oregon. The Research Forests offices are located at the Arboretum.
peavy arboretum The Arboretum is a popular gateway to explore the far reaches of McDonald Forest, and has provided an outdoor teaching lab for generations of both children and adults. Its history is rich, with ancient Native American sites and is the home of the original Oregon State Forest Nursery. Currently, the Arboretum houses the College Forest field office and staff. Arboretum maintenance is funded entirely by the College of Forestry from revenues derived from sale of timber by the Research Forests.
spaulding tract The Spaulding Tract has been used for experimental forestry since the 1920s. These days, its purpose is to demonstrate tree growth over an extended period of time, to show proper marking and logging of second-growth Douglas-fir, to demonstrate the best utilization, grading of marketing and timber and to show the income that could be derived from intensive management of similar woodland.
The Marchel Tract is a 71-acre tract that lies in the Willamette River floodplain. The tract supports several hardwood studies. One study demonstrates how hybrid poplars can be rapidly grown for lumber, veneer, and paper pulp. An adjacent demonstration shows how hardwood species mixes, including the very fast growing paulonia trees, can produce a variety of forests products from wood to nuts to fertilizer to wildlife habitat.
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The Oregon State College of Forestry owns 15,000 acres of research forests across the state where students learn, study and work. Timber sales from the forests are used to support the college and its mission. Cutting-edge research on trees, streams and other ecosystems is also conducted throughout the eight individual forests.
ram’s dell The Ram’s Dell Forest was acquired in two donations from Vittz and Elaine Ramsdell. It is an example of non-industrial private forest management in western Oregon showcasing state-of-the-art methods and techniques designed to improve the overall stewardship of land throughout the region. The forest provides a link between the University and the local community and is forum for discussion, research and education about natural resource management.
cameron tract This 260-acre property was given to the Oregon State University College of Forestry in 1995 by Elizabeth Starker Cameron. The Tract is managed for three purposes: to demonstrate good private forest stewardship, to experiment with management alternatives for private forest owners and to provide income for periodic timber harvests to support a continuing program in private and family forestry at Oregon State.
oberteuffer forest The Oberteuffer Research and Education Forest is an outstanding, nationally recognized property where people learn about forests; the connections between people and forests and management practices that create sustainable, healthy forest ecosystems. Management of the Oberteuffer Research and Education Forest provides opportunities for teaching, researching and demonstrating forestry practices that maintain, enhance or create a productive, diverse and healthy forest ecosystem. The primary focus of the forest is natural resource education. The management scope ranges from individual trees to stands to the landscape.
Map courtesy of Gareth Baldrica-Franklin, Cartography Group, Oregon State University ©2017
INTERNATIONAL LEARNING In the summer of 2016, ten Oregon State University students traveled to Malaysian Borneo to study forest conservation in an area of rich biodiversity. John Bliss, formerly associate dean of international programs, now professor emeritus, led the trip with Ph.D. student Gretchen Engbring. Through a unique partnership, a major portion of the program was funded by the American Embassy in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The embassy has a strong interest in building relationships with forestry professionals whom they believe can work with Malaysian peers to conserve Bornean forest habitat. Michele Justice, director of international programs for the OSU College of Forestry, says the trip represents the beginning of a strategic partnership that will facilitate an exchange of ideas between Oregon State researchers and Bornean forest managers to help address important forest challenges. The course had a major impact on its participants. “This experience gave students a chance to learn about tropical ecology and some of the social and political aspects of forest conservation in the developing world,” Engbring says. “Some of our students had never left the U.S. and one had never spent much time outside the Pacific Northwest or been on a plane before.” Senior natural resources student Phil Carbary participated in the course. After an internship in Alaska in summer 2015, Carbary said he recognized the importance of experiential learning and experiencing new cultures.
“It kind of just hit me that the summer of 2016 would be my last opportunity to take advantage of studying abroad like this,” he says. “There are so many opportunities through OSU and the college, I knew I had to take advantage.”
Bliss says he’s excited to take students to places like Borneo because it removes them from their comfort zone and gives them access to unique learning opportunities they wouldn’t have at home.
“It’s important to continue taking students to Borneo, specifically because it’s an unmatched 58 |
opportunity to encounter the huge challenges of conserving biodiversity,” he says. “There’s no place like it in the world.” During their two-week stay in Borneo, students visited the CREATE Center for an introduction to grassroots community organizations that work to protect the rainforest; the Sabah Wildlife Department’s Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre; the Bornean Sun Bear Conservation Centre and the Rainforest Discovery Centre, where the group learned about the rich diversity of rainforest habitat and wildlife species that make their home in the forest. The group concluded the trip with a visit to the Deramakot Forest Reserve, which facilitated discussion and learning about managed forests and logging operations in Borneo. Following a visit to the Deramakot Forest Reserve, the class travelled by boat down the Kinabatagan River to the Danau Girang Field Research Center. There they job-shadowed Ph.D. students from around the world conducting primary research on the area’s rich biodiversity. They trapped monitor lizards and civets, and observed proboscis monkeys, bats, tarantulas, dozens of bird species and the occasional orangutan and clouded leopard. At the completion of the class, six students returned home while four others stayed behind to complete internships at the Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre and the Rainforest Discovery Center. Carbary interned at the Rainforest Discovery Center where he conducted species sampling at three previously unexamined streams. “It was just three weeks long, and I wish it could have been longer,” Carbary said. “During sampling,
International experiential learning is important to help students gain experience and really understand the world around them.
we found two species endemic to Borneo, and the scientists we worked with were really excited.” Engbring was impressed by all of the stops on the program. “They were fantastic,” Engbring says. “Sometimes when westerners visit places like Borneo, we come in with a savior mentality, but right off the bat, we were working with motivated, educated and knowledgeable local groups doing impressive things in their communities. We were able to come alongside them, and were really impressed with their ideas and solutions to forest management problems.”
The college believes international experiential learning in all areas of forestry and natural resources is important to help students gain experience and really understand the world around them. “It helps you get a sense of how diverse world cultures are and how similar they are at the same time,” Engbring says. “It’s not just reading a chapter of a book and never thinking about it again after the test. It’s something that completely changes your entire worldview.”
INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS Educating students at home and abroad Ensuring student access to international experiences remains a signature focus of the college. Over the past three years, the number of students who participated in study abroad programs quadrupled. In the summer of 2015 and 2016, 90 students participated in study abroad programs and international internships. In the past biennium, eight faculty-led programs enabled a record number of College of Forestry students as well as students from other colleges to experience different cultures and ecosystems, from Alpine Europe to the Peruvian Amazon. Academic advisors and faculty actively recruit students for international experiences. The college continues to support its students in traveling abroad, with more than 90 students receiving funding from the dean’s fund for international engagement.
students studied abroad
THE CHILE INITIATIVE
To consolidate international efforts to bring a meaningful focus to activities, the college identified the Pacific Rim as the region to intentionally build new partnerships and student experiences. To this end, the College began its Chile Initiative in 2014. Chile’s diverse ecosystems, forward-thinking forest industry and focus on sustainable resource management make it an ideal partner for students, faculty and researchers interested in gaining a global perspective on the state of forests, their use and conservation. The Chile Initiative is now in its third year and traffic between the two countries is increasing. Scholars and students are engaged in collaborative research in both locations. The initiative is meeting one of its primary goals of integrating college graduate and undergraduate students into the research carried out by our faculty and their colleagues in Chile.
$100,000 TO SIX COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS IN FY 2015
CHILE INITIATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAMS Following visits to Chile by Oregon’s forest industry leaders and college faculty members, the college sought proposals and awarded $100,000 to six collaborative research projects in FY 2015 in diverse areas including native forest restoration and renewable wood product innovation. The research and academic collaboration includes key academic partners in Chile as well as leaders in government and industry. 60 |
Launched in 2013, the internationalization strategy of the college is focused on building significant, multi-faceted relationships with key countries along the Pacific Rim. These nations are our major trading partners. Many of them have ecosystem similarities with the Pacific Northwest and face similar challenges. In areas such as sustainable forest management, forest health, diverse use of natural resources and the development of value-added manufacturing from forest products, we seek to be in dialogue with our global partners, as learners and teachers.
SEGUNDO COLOQUIO DE SILVICULTURA EN BOSQUES NATIVOS — ESTABLISHING OSU AS A COOPERATING PARTNER
The goal of this project is to establish Oregon State University as a cooperating partner that contributes to addressing regional forestry challenges in temperate forests of South America. Led by Klaus Puettmann, a professor of forest, wildlife, and landscape ecology at the college, and Ph.D. student Daniel Soto, OSU established a close relationship with Chilean partners to develop and implement a research agenda to increase our understanding about restoration and management of native forests and to integrate native forests in a broader, more diverse, and sustainable forest sector.
USING ACOUSTIC SENSORS AND MOBILE TERRESTRIAL LIDAR FOR MARKETDRIVEN HARVEST PLANNING AND FOREST MANAGEMENT
LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) is well suited to quantify wood volume and wood quality at tree and stand levels. Led by Temesgen Hailemariam, professor of forest biometrics and measurements, the project partners with Chilean counterparts to evaluate the use of acoustic measurements and mobile terrestrial LiDAR to provide reliable estimates of wood volume and wood quality, examine a combination of model-assisted and non-parametric methods to quantify wood volume and wood quality under varying stand density and structure and determine how variables-derived from acoustic sensors and mobile terrestrial LiDAR could be integrated with traditional forest inventory techniques to predict wood volume and wood quality.
GEOLOGIC AND TOPOGRAPHIC CONTROL ON MEAN TRANSIT TIME OF WATER IN THE COASTAL RANGE OF CHILE
Led by Catalina Segura, assistant professor of forest watershed management, this two-year project will investigate the relationship between mean transit time, geology and hydrologic connectivity in a set of catchments in Chile with contrasting rock characteristics over a wide range of drainage areas. The project will enhance our understating of the controlling factors of water movement and its potential relation to water quality and hydrologic response to timber harvesting.
OSU, UNIVERSITY OF BÍO BÍO, AND NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION COLLABORATIVE EDUCATION AND RESEARCH
Led by Fred Kamke, professor and JELD-WEN Chair of wood-based composites science, this program focuses on providing international opportunities for students, and includes undergraduate internships and graduate student assistantships at OSU for Chilean students from UBB. While at OSU, students engage with the Wood-Based Composite Center, an NSF funded project aimed at advancing the science and technology of wood-based composite materials.
ECOSYSTEMS IN THE SKY: DYNAMIC PROCESSES OF OLD-GROWTH TREE CANOPIES IN CHILE AND THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
This project seeks to conduct parallel research investigations into the forest canopies of old-growth Chilean Alerce trees and western red cedars native to the Pacific Northwest. Led by Chris Still, associate professor of forest, wildlife and landscape ecology and Dave Shaw, associate professor and extension forest health specialist, the project will use the similarities in Alerce and western red cedar canopies to understand the health of forest ecosystems. Results will benefit timber management practices and the rural communities that live in and around native forests in the U.S. and Chile.
VULNERABILITIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE OF FOREST PLANTATION SPECIES AND THEIR BI-CONTINENTAL COMPETING VEGETATION: RESEARCH PLANNING PHASE
Led by Carlos Gonzalez-Benecke, assistant professor and the director of the Vegetation Management Research Cooperative, and Barbara Lachenbruch, professor of ecophysiology, this research project aims to contribute to the development of a process-based forest modeling system that can account for the effects of climate change. Such a modeling system could be used to increase the efficiency of early growth silviculture by determining which weedy competitors require more and less intensive management. The results should aid silviculture management decisions in years to come as Pacific Northwest and Chilean climates are expected to see drier weather with more sporadic rainfall.
COLLEGE OF FORESTRY - LEADERSHIP Thomas Maness
Anthony S. Davis
James E. Johnson
Randall S. Rosenberger
Professor, and Cheryl Ramberg-Ford and Allyn C. Ford Dean of the College of Forestry Forest economics, energy and climate policies BS (1979) West Virginia University MS (1981) Virginia Tech PhD (1989) University of Washington
Professor, Associate Dean of Research Native plant regeneration, nursery production, landscape restoration, international forestry BS (2001) University of New Brunswick MS (2003) Purdue University PhD (2006) Purdue University
Department Head, Forest Ecosystems and Society Wilderness management, environmental interpretation, communication theory, public understanding of science, research methods BA (1985) Pomona College MA (1990) Duke University PhD (1996) Oregon State University
Professor and Interim Department Head, Wood Science and Engineering, Extension Specialist â€“ Forest Products Marketing Organizational innovation, environmental marketing, corporate responsibility, forest products marketing BS (1990) University of Idaho PhD (1994) Virginia Tech University
Director, Strategic Initiatives, Senior Instructor Forest policy, natural resource law BS (1982) Michigan State University JD (1986) University of Oregon School of Law
Professor, Senior Associate Dean and Program Leader, Outreach and Engagement Forest management, international forestry, forest administration, Forestry Extension BS (1974) Colorado State University MS (1976) University of Maine PhD (1981) Virginia Tech
Professor, Department Head Forest Engineering, Resources and Management Natural resources, forest economics BA (1976) Portland State University BS (1984) Oregon State University MF (1986) University of Washington PhD (1990) University of Washington
Professor, Associate Dean for Undergraduate Studies Environmental economics, benefit transfer BA (1988) Slippery Rock University MA (1992) Colorado State University PhD (1996) Colorado State University
COLLEGE OF FORESTRY - FACULTY AND STAFF Glenn Ahrens
Assistant Professor and Extension AgentClackamas, Marion, and Hood River Counties BS (1982) Humboldt State University MS (1990) Oregon State University
Assistant Professor (Senior Research) Stream ecology, biogeochemistry, forest-stream interactions BS (1988) Universitat de Girona MSci (2002) Universitat de Girona PhD (2010) Universitat de Barcelona
COLLEGE OF FORESTRY - FACULTY AND STAFF John Bailey
Woodam (Woody) Chung
Emily Jane Davis
Professor and Macdonald Professor of Teaching Excellence Silviculture, forest health, wildland fire BS (1983) Virginia Tech MF (1985) Virginia Tech PhD (1996) Oregon State University
Assistant Professor, Timber Harvesting Extension Specialist Forest planning, optimization, forest economics, forest residue moisture management BS (2006) Universidad Austral de Chile MS (2008) Oregon State University PhD (2016) Oregon State University
Associate Professor, Extension AgentJackson and Josephine Counties BS (1987) University of Oregon MS (1993) Oregon State University
Associate Professor Forest wildlife landscape ecology BA (1992) Queenâ€™s University BSc (1999) University of New Brunswick MS (1995) University of Waterloo PhD (2005) University of New Brunswick
Assistant Professor Watershed hydrology and management, disturbance effects on water quantity and quality, aquatic ecology, hillslope runoff and biogeochemical processes, microclimate change and tree-water relations BSc (2002) University of Alberta PhD (2006) University of Alberta
Associate Professor, Extension Specialist-Forest Harvesting BS (1977) University of Oregon MS (1993) Oregon State University
Assistant Professor, Senior Research Disturbance ecology, forest succession, functional ecology BA (1991) Reed College MS (1997) University of Wisconsin-Madison PhD (2004) Oregon State University
Associate Professor and Stewart Professor of Forest Operations Improving forest operations and management systems to better address environmental, economic and social needs BS (1993) Seoul National University MS (1995) Seoul National University PhD (2002) Oregon State University
Associate Professor, Extension SpecialistHuman Dimensions and Natural Resources Administrative Director, Northwest Fire Science Consortium BA (1983) Cornish Institute of the Arts MS (1996) Washington State University PhD (2005) Washington State University
Starker Assistant Professor in Private and Family Forestry and Extension Specialist Forest Economics, Management and Policy BS (1996) University of Florida MTX (1999) Mississippi State University MS (1999) Mississippi State University PhD (2006) University of Georgia
Assistant Professor Sustainable recreation and tourism, social science, policy, and natural resources BS (2006) Pennsylvania State University MS (2010) Utah State University PhD (2015) Utah State University
Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist-Collaborative Natural Resource Management BA (2005) McGill University MA (2007) University of British Columbia PhD (2011) University of British Columbia
COLLEGE OF FORESTRY - FACULTY AND STAFF Stephen “Fitz” Fitzgerald
K. Norman Johnson
Professor, Extension Specialist - Silviculture, and Director, College Research Forests Silviculture, forest health, wildland fire AAS (1976) Holyoke Community College BS (1979) SUNY College of Environmental Science & Forestry MS (1983) University of Idaho
Associate Professor Statistics, biometrics, study design, quantitative ecology BA (1982) Humboldt State University MS (1986) Oregon State University PhD (1989) Oregon State University
Assistant Professor, Extension Agent- Lane County BS (2007) University of California-Berkeley MS (2013) University of Washington
Assistant Professor, Director, Vegetation Management Research Cooperative (VMRC) Intensive silviculture vegetation management, forest ecophysiology, process-based modeling BS (1993) Universidad de Chile MS (1997) Universidad de Concepción PhD (2009) University of Florida
Associate Professor Forest soils and nutrition BS (1999) Western Washington University PhD (2007) University of Washington
Associate Professor Forest genetics BS (1977) Pennsylvania State University MS (1981) Michigan State University PhD (1991) Oregon State University
University Distinguished Professor Forest planning, harvest scheduling, public land forest policy BS (1965) University of California-Berkeley MS (1969) University of Wisconsin-Madison PhD (1973) Oregon State University
Professor and JELD-WEN Chair of Woodbased Composites Science Wood-based composite science, wood/ water relationships, heat and mass transfer BS (1979) University of Minnesota PhD (1983) Oregon State University
Assistant Professor and Extension AgentColumbia, Washington, and Yamhill Counties BS (1992) University of California-Berkeley MS (2002) Oregon State University
Assistant Professor Integrated social and ecological systems, social science, policy, and natural resources BS (2000) McGill University MA (2004) Columbia University PhD (2011) University of British Columbia
Professor Timber mechanics, structural wood engineering, mechanical behavior and properties of wood BT (1982) G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology MS (1984) University of Manitoba PhD (1990) Cornell University
Assistant Professor, Extension Agent- Coos and Curry Counties BS (1989) University of California, Berkeley MS (1996) Northern Arizona University
Assistant Professor and Assistant Director of the Oregon Wood Innovation Center (OWIC) Forest products marketing, improving competitiveness of the Oregon forest products industry, innovation related resources for forest products industry BSF (2000) Stephen F. Austin State University MSF (2003) Stephen F. Austin State University PhD (2007) Oregon State University
Assistant Professor Forest, wildlife, and landscape ecology, science of conservation, restoration, and sustainable management BS (1995) University of Guelph MS (2001) Acadia University PhD (2007) University of Alberta
Assistant Professor Forest economics, natural resource and environmental economics, international forestry, developmental economics BS (2008) University of Helsinki MA (2010) Virginia Tech PhD (2013) Virginia Tech
Professor Ecophysiology, structure/function relationships in woody plants BA (1979) Swarthmore College MS (1982) University of Alaska, Fairbanks PhD (1990) Stanford University
Professor, Extension Specialist Christmas tree specialist BS (1975) University of California-Berkeley MS (1977) Utah State University MBA (1989) Portland State University
Professor Global change biology and terrestrial systems science BS (1980) University of Florida PhD (1993) Oregon State University
Assistant Professor Forest pathology BS (2003) University of British Columbia MS (2006) University of Alberta PhD (2010) University of Alberta
Assistant Professor, Extension Agent- Klamath County BS (1977) Oregon State University MS (1991) Oregon State University PhD (2000) University of Montana
Associate Professor and Director of the Oregon Wood Innovation Center (OWIC) Linking research and education with needs of Oregon wood products firms, assisting entrepreneurs with market assessments and product testing BS (1992) Colorado State University MS (1995) Oregon State University PhD (2011) Portland State University
Assistant Professor Geotechnical engineering BS (2007) University of Delaware MS (2008) Columbia University Mphil (2010) Columbia University PhD (2012) Columbia University
Professor Formaldehyde-free and green wood adhesives from renewable materials, natural-fiber-reinforced polymer composites, wood and polymer chemistry BS (1984) South China University of Technology MS (1987) South China University of Technology PhD (1996) Virginia Tech
Associate Professor Socio-economic aspects of natural resources, recreation, and tourism BA (1986) Dartmouth MA (1989) Johns Hopkins University PhD (1995) Oregon State University
COLLEGE OF FORESTRY - FACULTY AND STAFF Daniel Luoma
Mark D. Needham
Jeffrey J. Morrell
Michael J. Olsen
Assistant Professor, Senior Research Plant community and mycorrhizal ecology BS (1978) University of Oregon MS (1987) Oregon State University PhD (1988) Oregon State University
Giustina Professor of Forest Management Director, Center for Intensive Planted-Forest Silviculture (CIPS) Silviculture, biometrics, modeling BS (1976) University of Maine MS (1979) Rutgers University MS (1986) Oregon State University PhD (1986) Oregon State University
University Distinguished Professor Wood preservation and biodeterioration, pathology BS (1977) SUNY College of Environmental Science & Forestry MS (1979) Penn State University PhD (1986) SUNY College of Environmental Science & Forestry
Assistant Professor Integrated social and ecological systems, sustainable recreation and tourism BS (2001) Universite Nationale du Rwanda MS (2005) University of Kent PhD (2013) Clemson University
Ruth H. Spaniol Chair of Renewable Resources and Lead Principal Investigator for the HJ Andrews Experimental Forest Senior Fellow with the Spring Creek Project for Ideas, Nature, and the Written Word Environmental ethics and philosophy BA (1988) University of Wisconsin MA (1990) Michigan State University PhD (1998) Lancaster University
Associate Professor, Civil and Construction Engineering Terrestrial laser scanning, remote sensing, GIS, earthquake engineering, hazard mapping, 3D visualization BS (2004) University of Utah MS (2005) University of Utah PhD (2009) University of California, San Diego
Associate Professor, Extension Agent- Baker and Grant Counties BS (1974) University of Idaho MS (2000) Oregon State University
Edmund Hayes Professor in Silviculture Alternatives Silviculture, forest ecology Diploma (1986) Albert-Ludwigs UniversitĂ¤t PhD (1990) Oregon State University
Associate Professor Bio-based composites, micromechanics, structure-properties relations in renewable materials, optical measurement techniques, advanced imaging, X-ray microtomography MS (1987) Agricultural University of Poznan PhD (1997) Agricultural University of Poznan
Associate Professor Director, Natural Resources, Tourism, and Recreation Studies Lab; Editor, Human Dimensions of Wildlife Recreation, tourism, and wildlife BA (1999) University of Victoria MA (2002) University of Victoria PhD (2006) Colorado State University
Professor and Richardson Chair in Wood Science and Forest Products Composites, nanocomposites, deformation and fracture of wood materials BA (1977) Dartmouth College PhD (1981) University of California-Berkeley
Associate Professor, Regional Administrator, Division of Outreach and Engagement, Wood Quality Outreach and Extension Programs BS (1990) Michigan Technological University MS (1993) Virginia Tech
A. Scott Reed
Darrell W. Ross
Laurence â€œLaurieâ€? Schimleck
William J. Ripple
Professor, Vice Provost, Outreach and Engagement, Director, Extension Service Forest policy, economics, administration BS (1975) Michigan State University MS (1977) Michigan State University PhD (1987) University of Minnesota
Associate Professor, Assistant Dean Restoration ecology, pedology, wetland soils, landscape ecology BS (1992) Penn State University MS (1995) University of Idaho PhD (1999) University of Minnesota-Duluth
Assistant Professor Advanced wood products in architecture, monitoring, post-occupancy evaluation, renewable materials, structural health assessment MS (1997) University of Florence, Italy PhD (2010) University of Trento, Italy
University Distinguished Professor, Director, Trophic Cascades Program Wildlife habitat analysis, landscape ecology BS (1974) South Dakota State University MS (1978) University of Idaho PhD (1984) Oregon State University
Assistant Professor, Senior Research Forest, wildlife, and landscape ecology BS (1997) University of Massachusetts MS (1999) Kansas State University PhD (2008) University of California
Assistant Professor, Gene D. Knudson Chair in Forestry Wood anatomy, spalting, wood aesthetics, applied wood mycology BS (2003) Northern Michigan University MS (2005) Michigan Technological University PhD (2010) Michigan Technological University
Professor Integrated forest protection BS (1981) Pennsylvania State University MS (1985) Oregon State University PhD (1990) University of Georgia
Professor Wood anatomy BS (1993) University of Melbourne PhD (1997) University of Melbourne
Assistant Professor, Senior Research Climatology, atmospheric science, landscape ecology BS (2006) University of Bochum MS (2006) University of Bochum PhD (2009) University of Munster
H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest Director Assistant Professor, Senior Research Tropical forest ecology and management, forest ecosystem and species response to climate variability and disturbance, phenology and trophic interactions BS (1992) Evergreen State College PhD (2003) Pennsylvania State University
Assistant Professor Hydrology, stream ecology, water resources fluvial geomorphology BS (1997) Universidad Distrital, Bogota MS (2003) University of Washington PhD (2008) University of Colorado
University Distinguished Professor/Strachan Chair of Forest Operations Management Professional Engineer Forest planning, transportation planning, biomass collection and transport BS (1966) University of California-Los Angeles MS (1968) California State University MS (1971) University of Washington PhD (1979) Oregon State University
COLLEGE OF FORESTRY - FACULTY AND STAFF David Shaw
Steven H. Strauss
Associate Professor, Extension Specialist, and Director, Swiss Needle Cast Cooperative Forest health BS (1977) Northern Arizona University MS (1982) Western Washington University PhD (1991) University of Washington
Professor Nanocellulose, biopolymers, composites BS (1969) University of Missouri PhD (1975) University of Colorado
Assistant Professor Green building materials, sustainable built environment, product development for efficient use of renewable materials, life cycle analysis BE (2003) Delhi College of Engineering MS (2007) Oregon State University PhD (2010) Oregon State University
Assistant Professor, Forest Watershed Extension Specialist Watershed restoration, riparian silviculture, salmon life cycle analysis, sediment effects from forest roads. BS (1973) Marlboro College MS (1987) University of California-Berkeley PhD (1990) University of California-Berkeley
Assistant Professor and Extension Associate - Deschutes, Crook, Jefferson, and Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Forestry and natural resources BS (1997) Purdue University MS (2003) Pennsylvania State University
Professor Forest biometrics and measurements BS (1986) Alemaya University of Agriculture MS (1992) Lakehead University PhD (1999) University of British Columbia
Assistant Professor Forest, wildlife, and landscape ecology, science of conservation, restoration, and sustainable management BA (1998) Skidmore College MA (2002) Cornell University PhD (2008) Cornell University
Associate Professor Professional Engineer Professional Land Surveyor Unmanned aerial systems (UAS), remote sensing, GIS BS (1988) University of Oregon MS (1991) University of Oregon PhD (1998) Oregon State University
Associate Professor Role of clouds in ecological structure and function of forests, global biogeography and biogeochemistry of C4 grasses, isotopic composition of atmospheric CO2 and linkages between carbon and water cycles BS (1993) Colorado State University PhD (2000) Stanford University 2000
Assistant Professor Strategic forest planning BS (1992) Transilvania University, Romania MSc (2003) University of British Columbia MSc (2011) Louisiana Tech University PhD (2009) University of British Columbia
University Distinguished Professor of Forest Biotechnology, Leopold Fellow Forest genetics, biotechnology BS (1978) Cornell University MFS (1980) Yale University PhD (1985) University of California, Berkeley
Associate Professor and Extension AgentBenton, Linn, and Polk Counties BS (1984) Oregon State University MS (1995) Oregon State University PHD (2000) Oregon State University
SENIOR INSTRUCTORS AND COOPERATIVE DIRECTORS Dawn Anzinger Forest resources BS (1999) Oregon State University MS (2002) Oregon State University Badege Bishaw Director, Master of Natural Resources and Sustainable Natural Resource Graduate Programs Agroforestry, social forestry, silviculture, international forestry BS (1979) Addis Ababa University MS (1985) Tech University of Dresden PhD (1993) Oregon State University
Michael Gassner Outdoor recreation, outdoor adventure education, outdoor leadership BS (1985) Oregon State University MS (1998) Minnesota State University, Mankato PhD (2006) University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Keith Jayawickrama Director, Northwest Tree Improvement Cooperative BS (1986) University of Colombo MS (1990) North Carolina State University MStat (1996) North Carolina University PhD (1996) North Carolina State University
Matthew J. Shinderman Natural resources BS (1995) James Madison University MS (1999) Utah State University Jeffrey Wimer Student Logging Training Program Manager Harvesting, worker safety BS (1983) Oregon State University
INSTRUCTORS Ken Diebel BS (1984) Colorado State University MS (1986) Colorado State University PhD (1989) Virginia Tech Ruth Fore Advanced wood products BFA (2007) Savannah College of Art and Design MFA (2009) Rhode Island School of Design Anndrea Hermann Hemp BGS (2002) Missouri Southern State University MS (2008) University of Manitoba James Kiser Surveying, photogrammetry, residual stand damage BS (1982) Humboldt State University MS (1992) Oregon State University PhD (2009) Oregon State University
Leon Liegel BS (1970) University of Wisconsin PhD (1981) North Carolina State University Seema Mangla BS (2003) University of Delhi MS (2005) University of Delhi PhD (2010) Oregon State University Christine Olsen Social aspects of forest and fire management BA (1999) University of Virginia MS (2003) Oregon State University PhD (2008) Oregon State University Luke Painter Fisheries and wildlife BA (1982) Rice University MS (2007) Evergreen State College
Matthew Powers Silviculture BS (2002) Ball State University MS (2005) Michigan Technological University PhD (2008) Michigan Technological University Paul Ries Director, Graduate Certificate in Urban Forestry, and Extension Specialist Urban and community forest management, green infrastructure BS (1983) Ohio State University MS (1985) Ohio State University David Stemper Environmental interpretation, recreation planning and management, natural resource education BS (1988) University of Minnesota, Twin Cities MS (1997) University of Minnesota, Twin Cities
David A. Perry Professor Emeritus Forest ecosystems PhD (1974) Montana State University
RESEARCH ASSOCIATES Polly Buotte BS (1991) Colorado State University MS (1997) University of Montana Sara Galbraith BA (2011) St. Olaf College PhD (2015) University of Idaho Daniel Griffith BA (2010) Vassar College PhD (2016) Wake Forest University Adam Hadley BS (2003) University of New Brunswick MS (2006) Universite Laval PhD (2012) Oregon State University Brittany Johnson BS (2007) Concordia College MS (2010) University of Nevada PhD (2014) University of Nevada Youngil Kim BS (2004) Ajou University MS (2006) Seoul National University PhD (2011) McGill University
Jennifer Kling BS (1980) Oregon State University MS (1983) University of Nebraska, Lincoln PhD (1988) North Carolina State University
Joe Northrup BS (2005) Bates College MS (2010) University of Alberta PhD (2015) Colorado State University
Amy Klocko BS (2003) Linfield College PhD (2009) Washington University, St. Louis
Christine Olsen BA (1999) University of Virginia MS (2003) Oregon State University PhD (2008) Oregon State University
Hyojung Kwon BS (1994) Sejong University MS (1996) Yonsei University PhD (2005) University of California, Davis Xiaoliang Lu BA (2002) Wuhan University MS (2006) University of Chinese Academy of Sciences PhD (2012) Purdue University Garrett Meigs BS (2004) Cornell University MS (2009) Oregon State University PhD (2014) Oregon State University
Ben Phalan BA (2000) University of Dublin Trinity College PhD (2010) University of Cambridge Zhiqiang Yang BS (1994) Nankai University MS (1997) Chinese Academy of Sciences PhD (2004) Oregon State University Terrance Ye Northwest Tree Improvement Cooperative BA (1983) Nanjing Forestry University MS (1986) Nanjing Forestry University PhD (2003) University of Alberta
COLLEGE OF FORESTRY - FACULTY AND STAFF POST-DOCTORAL SCHOLARS Chris Dunn BS (1999) Colorado State University MS (2010) Oregon State University PhD (2015) Oregon State University Sarah Frey BS (2000) University of Vermont MS (2008) University of Vermont PhD (2014) Oregon State University
Yueyang Jiang PhD (2012) Purdue University Urs Kormann MS (2009) University of Bern PhD (2014) University of Gottingen
Anlong Li BS (2002) Sun Yat-Sen University PhD (2007) Sun Yat-Sen University Matthew Reilly BS (1999) University of Vermont MS (2004) University of Georgia PhD (2014) Oregon State University
SENIOR FACULTY RESEARCH ASSISTANTS Yvan Alleau Lab Manager BS (1997) University of Poitiers MS (2002) Oregon State University Douglas Bateman BS (1986) Oregon State University MS (1998) Oregon State University Andrew Bluhm BS (1993) University of Minnesota, Twin Cities MS (1997) University of Georgia Milo Clauson Engineering Lab Manager BA (1969) Eastern Oregon State College MS (1972) Oregon State University Elizabeth Cole BS (1981) Utah State University MS (1984) Oregon State University
Maureen Duane BS (1996) Mary Washington College MS (2002) Oregon State University
Brett Morrissette BS (1999) Oregon State University MF (2002) Oregon State University
Becky Grove Fasth BS (1991) University of Illinois
Keith Olsen BS (1991) Oregon Institute of Technology BS (2009) Portland State University MS (2012) Portland State University
Matthew Jay Gregory BA (1993) Colorado College MS (1999) Oregon State University Chad Hanson BS (2001) University of California, Santa Cruz MS (2008) University of California, Santa Cruz Cathleen Ma BS (1982) Northwestern Agricultural University
Robert J Pabst BS (1978) University of Minnesota MS (1983) University of Minnesota Heather Roberts BS (2001) University of Oregon
Doug Mainwaring BS (1990) University of Oregon BS (1996) Portland State University MS (2000) Oregon State University
FACULTY RESEARCH ASSISTANTS Lindsay Adrean BS (2004) James Madison University Jed Cappellazzi BS (2007) SUNY College of Environmental Science & Forestry MS (2014) Oregon State University Greg Cohn BS (2008) University of Montana Robert Crawford BS (2015) Oregon State University
Whiney Creason BS (2010) University of Kansas MS (2012) Indiana University
Michelle Day BA (1996) Bates College MS (2005) Oregon State University
Erik Haunreiter BA (1994) University of Washington MF (2001) Duke University
Cheryl Horton BS (2006) Cornell University MS (2014) Oregon State University
Rachel Houtman BA (2005) Earlham College MS (2011) Oregon State University Jian Huang BS (2002) Dalian University of Tech MS (2005) Dalian University of Tech MS (2007) Oregon State University Scott Kolpak BS (1999) University of Oregon MS (2002) University of Oregon Matt Konkler BS (2008) Muskingum College MS (2011) Wright State University
Vanessa Petro MS (2013) Oregon State University Brett Pierce BS (2016) Oregon State University Gabriela Ritokova BS (2003) University of California-Berkeley MS (2011) University of California-Davis Amy Simmons BS (2000) Central Washington University MS (2003) Washington State University Hao Truong BA (2011) Oregon State University
David Leer BS (2001) Oregon State University
Donald Ulrich MS (2015) Oregon State University
Anna Magnuson BS (2015) Oregon State University
Max Wightman BS (2009) SUNY MS (2014) University of Florida
Ariel Muldoon BS (2007) New Mexico State University MS (2009) Oregon State University
COLLEGE, DEPARTMENT, AND STUDENT SUPPORT STAFF Roger Admiral Director of Operations Marlys Amundson Director of Development OSU Foundation Sandie Arbogast Senior Graphic Designer Jessica Bagley Graduate Program Coordinator Forest Ecosystems and Society Elizabeth Beeson Accountant 1 Ryan Brown Recreation Manager Research Forests Carol Carlson Business Manager Research Forests
Angela Haney Administrative Manager Wood Science and Engineering
Teri Morris Academic Advisor, Recreation Resource Management and Natural Resources
Erika Hanna Office Specialist 2 Forest Engineering, Resources and Management
Art Myers Maintenance Worker 2
Zak Hansen Director of Development OSU Foundation Brooke Harrington Administrative Program Assistant Megan Hickman Human Resources Consultant 1 Kira Hughes Manager of Student Services McKenzie Huber Academic Advisor, Natural Resources
Michael Collins Director of Marketing and Communications
Sandy Jameson Academic Advisor, Forestry, Forest Engineering, FE/ Civil Engineering
Patricia Cordova Accountant 2
Michele Justice International Programs Director
Madison Dudley Administrative Program Assistant Forest Engineering, Resources and Management
Nicole Kent Manager of Undergraduate Curricula and Advising
Chelsey Durling Administrative Manager Forest Engineering, Resources and Management Wade Dwyer Information Technology Consultant
Jessica King Graduate Program Coordinator Wood Science and Engineering Mark Klopsch Research Network Administrator
Callie Newton Assistant Director of Marketing and Communications Melora Park Research Program Administrator Stephen Pilkerton Forest Engineer and Operations Manager Research Forests Jenna Reeves Human Resources Consultant 2 Heather Riney Manager, Human Resources Alan Rudisill Accountant 1 Sean San Romani Research Computing Systems Justin Schaffer Accountant 2 Irene Schoppy Webmaster, Newsletter Editor Forest Ecosystems and Society Chris Smith Coordinator, Web Communications Paul Van Wagoner Information Technology Consultant
Christina Fierro Accountant 2
Brett Klumph Forest Manager Research Forests
Jessica Fitzmorris Event and Alumni Coordinator
Hans Luh Web / Database Programmer
Ken West Research Network Administrator
Glenn Folkert Buyer 2
Stacy McDermott Human Resources Consultant 1
Adrienne Wonhof Special Assistant to the Dean
Paul Foshay Senior Systems Support Specialist
Terina McLachlain Academic Advisor, Natural Resources Program Manager
Penny Wright Forestry Finance and Accounting Manager
Meghan Foster Program Assistant, Sustainable Natural Resources Certificate and Master of Natural Resources Forest Ecosystems and Society Nathalie Gitt Executive Assistant to the Associate Deans College of Forestry Brittany Goltry Manager of Undergraduate Recruitment Programs Autumn Granger Academic Advisor, Natural Resources and Renewable Materials
Terralyn Vandetta Director, Computing Resources
Matt McPharlin Recreation Field Coordinator Misty Magers Office Manager Forest Ecosystems and Society Michelle Maller Undergraduate Program Coordinator Wood Science and Engineering John Mikkelson Director of College Projects and Maintenance Jerry Mohr Research Computing Coordinator
COLLEGE OF FORESTRY - FACULTY AND STAFF EXTENSION AGENTS, ASSOCIATES, AND PROGRAM STAFF Brianna Beene Coordinator, Continuing and Professional Education BS (2007) Oregon State University MS (2009) Oregon State University
Alicia Jones Extension Agent – Douglas County BS (2011) California Polytechnic State University PhD (2016) Humboldt State University
Carrie Berger Extension Associate BS (1998) University of Wisconsin - Madison MS (2002) University of Minnesota – Twin Cities
Janey Lee-Sutton Administrative Program Assistant
Tiffany Fegel Coordinator, Master Woodland Manager Program, Women Owning Woodlands Network BS (2012) Oregon State University MS (2014) West Virginia University Valerie Grant Extension Agent- Clatsop, Lincoln, and Tillamook Counties BS (2013) California Polytechnic State University MS (2015) West Virginia University
LeeAnn Mikkelson Program Coordinator, Oregon Natural Resources Education Program BS (1990) Oregon State University Ed M (2010) Oregon State University
Paul Oester Extension Agent- Union, Umatilla, and Wallowa Counties BS (1972) Oregon State University MS (1977) Oregon State University Susan Sahnow Director, Oregon Natural Resources Education Program BS (1978) Oregon State University Ed M (2004) Oregon State University
Jason O’Brien Coordinator, Oregon Master Naturalist Program BS (1996) Iowa State University MS (2000) Iowa State University
H.J. ANDREWS EXPERIMENTAL FOREST Lina DiGregorio LTER Coordinator BA (1993) Binghamton University MS (1998) Cornell University Adam Kennedy HJ Andrews Experimental Forest Ecosystem Information Management Wireless Computing Group BS (2004) Portland State University MS (2006) Portland State University
John Moreau HJ Andrews Experimental Forest BioScience Research Tech 3 Suzanne Remillard Manager, Natural Resources Information BS (1988) University of Arizona MS (1999) Oregon State University
Samuel Schmieding BA (1991) Arizona State MA (1995) Arizona State PhD (2002) Arizona State Terry Cryer Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Thomas Abbott Kathleen Turnley
COOPERATIVE CHEMICAL ANALYTICAL LAB Kathryn Motter Manager, Institute for Water and Watersheds Collaboratory; Cooperative Chemical Analytical Lab BS (1986) Oregon State University
Laura Hartley Chemist BS (2007) State University of New York MS (2013) State University of New York
Cam Jones Chemist
TALLWOOD DESIGN INSTITUTE Iain Macdonald Associate Director BA (1990) University of Stirling MSc (2006) University of British Columbia
Juliana Ruble Advanced Wood Products Lab Manager BA (2007) Oregon State University
Darius Adams Forest sector market modeling, forest policy BS (1966) Humboldt State University MS (1968) Yale University PhD (1972) University of California-Berkeley
Tom Adams Forest genetics BS (1968) Humboldt State College MS (1970) North Carolina State University PhD (1974) University of California, Davis
Paul Adams Extension education, water resources and watershed management, forest practices and policy BS (1975) University of Vermont MS (1978) University of Michigan PhD (1980) University of Michigan
Robert Beschta Hydrologic effects, watershed processes, riparian areas, trophic cascades BS (1965) Colorado State University MS (1967) Utah State University PhD (1974) University of Arizona
John Bliss Private forest policy, forest-based rural development BA (1973) University of Wisconsin-Madison MS (1979) University of Wisconsin-Madison PhD (1988) University of Wisconsin-Madison Barbara Bond Forest tree physiology MS (1972) University of California-Irvine MS (1984) Oregon State University PhD (1992) Oregon State University
PROFESSORS EMERITI James Boyle Forest soils BS (1962) Iowa State University MF (1963) Yale School of Forestry PhD (1967) Yale University
Royal Jackson International parks, nature-based tourism BA (1960) University of New Mexico MA (1965) Western New Mexico PhD (1971) University of New Mexico
Marvin Pyles Forest engineering, forest roads, landslides BS (1973) Oregon State University MS (1975) Oregon State University PhD (1981) University of California â€“Berkeley
George Brown Hydrology BS (1960) Colorado State University MS (1962) Colorado State University PhD (1967) Oregon State University
Edward C. Jensen Natural resource education, forest ecology BS (1973) University of Illinois MS (1976) University of Washington PhD (1989) Oregon State University
Bo Shelby Sociology of natural resources BA (1970) University of Colorado MS (1973) University of Wisconsin PhD (1976) University of Colorado
Terry Brown Extension education, total quality management (TQM), plywood manufacturing BS (1970) Colorado State University BS (1971) University of Utah PhD (1975) Colorado State University
Joe Karchesy Natural products chemistry of polyphenols and sesquiterpenes, wood chemistry BS (1968) University of Washington MS (1970) University of Victoria PhD (1974) Oregon State University
Bruce Shindler Social aspects of natural resources BA (1968) California State University, Long Beach MS (1990) Oregon State University PhD (1993) Oregon State University
Charles Brunner Wood processing, operations research, optical properties of wood BS (1968) Virginia Tech MBA (1979) Virginia Tech PhD (1984) Virginia Tech
Loren Kellogg Harvesting, forest health, young stand management, biomass collection/transport BS (1974) Humboldt State University MF (1976) Oregon State University PhD (1986) Oregon State University
Kermit Cromack Decomposition and nutrient cycling BA (1963) University of Texas MA (1967) University of Texas PhD (1973) University of Georgia
Robert Krahmer Forest products BS (1958) Oregon State University MS (1960) New York State PhD (1962) New York State
Paul Doescher Restoration ecology BS (1975) University of Illinois MS (1977) University of Montana PhD (1983) Oregon State University
Murray L. Laver Forest products chemistry PhD (1959) Ohio State University
Bill Emmingham Applied silviculture BS (1961) University of Idaho MS (1972) Oregon State University PhD (1974) Oregon State University Richard A. Fletcher Woodland management BS (1975) Oregon State University MBA (1977) Oregon State University John Garland Harvesting, worker safety BS (1970) Oregon State University MS (1972) University of Minnesota PhD (1990) Oregon State University David Hann Forest modeling BS (1968) Oregon State University MS (1970) Oregon State University PhD (1978) University of Washington Mark Harmon Forest ecology BS (1975) Amherst College MS (1980) University of Tennessee PhD (1986) Oregon State University David E. Hibbs Community ecology, silviculture BS (1972) Carleton College MS (1976) University of Massachusetts PhD (1978) University of Massachusetts Stephen Hobbs Silviculture, administration BS (1983) Virginia Tech MS (1985) Virginia Tech PhD (1996) Oregon State University
Brenda McComb Landscape ecology, wildlife ecology BS (1974) University of Connecticut MS (1976) University of Connecticut PhD (1979) Louisiana State University Thomas McLain Structural mechanical connections, wood mechanical properties BS (1969) Colorado State University MS (1973) Colorado State University PhD (1975) Colorado State University Donald Miller Forest products Michael R. Milota Wood liquid relations, wood drying and physical properties, VOC emissions BS (1978) Iowa State University MS (1981) Oregon State University PhD (1984) Oregon State University Glen Murphy Production economics, small timber harvesting systems BS (1974) Australian National University PhD (1987) Oregon State University Mike Newton Silviculture BS (1954) University of Vermont BS (1958) Oregon State University MS (1960) Oregon State University PhD (1964) Oregon State University Logan A. Norris Environmental chemistry BS (1960) Oregon State University MS (1964) Oregon State University PhD (1970) Oregon State University
Viviane Simon-Brown Human dimensions of natural resource sustainability BA (1974) Portland State University EMPA (1991) Lewis & Clark College Arne Skaugset Hydrology, forest roads, landslides BS (1977) Colorado State University MS (1980) Oregon State University BS (1992) Oregon State University PhD (1997) Oregon State University Phillip Sollins Forest ecosystems, soils BA (1966) Swarthmore College MA (1970) University of North Carolina PhD (1972) University of Tennessee John Tappeiner Silviculture BS (1957) University of California -Berkeley MS (1961) University of California -Berkeley PhD (1966) University of California â€“Berkeley Steven D. Tesch Silviculture, research administration BS (1973) University of Montana MS (1975) University of Montana PhD (1981) University of Montana Joanne F. Tynon Resource recreation and tourism AA (1979) Burlington County College BS (1984) University of Idaho PhD (1994) University of Idaho John Walstad Fire, regeneration BS (1966) College of William and Mary MF (1968) Duke University PhD (1971) Cornell University Richard H. Waring Physiological ecology BS (1957) University of Minnesota MS (1959) University of Minnesota PhD (1963) University of California, Berkeley Jim Wilson Life cycle assessment of wood products, sustainability of wood products, manufacture and use of wood composites BS (1964) SUNY College of Environmental Science & Forestry PhD (1971) SUNY College of Environmental Science & Forestry
REFEREED PUBLICATIONS 2015 1.
Abrams, J., Davis, E.J., and Moseley, C. 2015. Community-based organizations and institutional work in the remote rural West. Review of Policy Research 32(6): 675-698. Akamani, K., and Hall, T. E. 2015. Determinants of the process and outcomes of household participation in collaborative forest management in Ghana: A quantitative test of a community resilience model. Journal of environmental management 147: 1-11. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.09.007 Akamani, K., Wilson, P. I., & Hall, T. E. 2015. Barriers to collaborative forest management and implications for building the resilience of forestdependent communities in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Journal of environmental management 151: 11-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.12.006
Ambauen, S., Leshchinsky, B., Xie, Y., & Rayamajhi, D. 2015. Service-state behavior of reinforced soil walls supporting spread footings: a parametric study using finiteelement analysis. Geosynthetics International, 1-15.
Antony, F., Schimleck, L. R., Daniels, R. F., Clark, A., Borders, B., Kane, M. and Burkhart, H. E. 2015. Whole tree bark and wood properties of loblolly pine from intensively managed plantations. For. Sci. 61(1), 55-66.
Bachelet, D., Turner D. (Eds). 2015. Global Vegetation Dynamics: Concepts and Applications in the MC1 Model. American Geophysical Union (Geophysical Monograph Series). 208 pages.
Backman, K.F. and Munanura, I.E. (Eds). 2015. Editors of Special Issue titled: Ecotourism in Africa Over the Past 30 Years. Journal of Ecotourism 14 (2-3):1-200.
Backman, K.F. and Munanura, I.E. 2015. Introduction to the special issue on ecotourism in Africa over the past 30 years. Journal of Ecotourism. 14 (2-3): 95-98.
Batchelor, J. L., Ripple, W. J., Wilson, T. M., and Painter, L. E. 2015. Restoration of Riparian Areas Following the Removal of Cattle in the Northwestern Great Basin. Environmental Management 55(4): 930-942.
10. Baur, J. W. R., Tynon, J. F., Ries, P., & Rosenberger, R. (2016). Public attitudes about urban forest ecosystem services management: A case study in Oregon cities. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 17: 42-53. DOI: 10.1016/j. ufug.2016.03.012 11.
Beck, S.J.C., M.J. Olsen, J. Sessions, and M.G. Wing. 2015. Automated extraction offorest road network geometry from aerial LiDAR. European Journal of Forest Engineering 1(1): 21-23.
12. Berner LT, and Law, B.E. 2015. Water limitations on forest carbon cycling and conifer traits along a steep climatic gradient in the Cascade Mountains, Oregon. Biogeosciences 12: 6617-6635. 13. Beschta, R., and Ripple, W.J. 2015. Divergent patterns of riparian cottonwood recovery after the return of wolves in Yellowstone, USA. Ecohydrology 8: 58-66.
14. Bettinger, P., Dermirci, M., & K. Boston. 2015. Search Reversion within s-Metaheuristics: Impacts Illustrated with a Forest Planning Problem. Silva Fennica.
15. Betts, M.G., Hadley, A.S. and Kress, W.J. 2015. Pollinator recognition by a keystone tropical plant. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 112: 3433–3438.
16. Bi, J., Knyazikhin, Y., Choi, S., Park, T., Barichivich, J., Ciais, P., Fu, R., Ganguly, S.,Hall, F., Hilker, T., Huete, A., Jones, M., Kimbal, J., Lyapustin, A. I., Mõttus, M., Nemani, R. R., Piao, S., Myneni, R. B. 2014. Sunlight Mediated Seasonality in Canopy Structure and Photosynthetic Activity of Amazonian Rainforests. Environmental Research Letters, 10 (6), 064014
Buhl C., Strauss S.H., Lindroth R.L. 2015. Down-regulation of gibberellic acid in poplar has negligible effects on host-plant suitability and insect pest response. Arthropod-Plant Interactions 9(1): 85-95.
18. C.A. Gonzalez-Benecke, A.J. Riveros-Walker, T.A. Martin, and G.F. Peter. 2015. Automated quantification of intra-annual density fluctuations using microdensity profiles of mature Pinus taeda in a replicated irrigation experiment, Trees Structure and Function 29:185-197. 19. C.A. Gonzalez-Benecke, L.J. Samuelson, Jr., T.A. Stokes, T.A. Martin, W.P. Cropper, Jr.and K.H. Johnsen. 2015. Understory plant biomass dynamics of prescribed burned Pinus palustris stands, Forest Ecology and Management 344: 84-94. 20. C.A. Gonzalez-Benecke, L.J. Samuelson, T.A. Martin, W.P. Cropper, Jr., T.A. Stokes, J. R. Butnor, K.H. Johnsen and P.H. Anderson. 2015. Modeling the effects of forest management on in situ and ex situ longleaf pine forest carbon stocks, Forest Ecology and Management 355: 24-36. 21. Caldwell, P., C. Segura, S. G. Laird, G. Sun, S. G. McNulty, M. Sandercock, J. Boggs, and J. M. Vose 2015, Short-term stream water temperature observations permit rapid assessment of potential climate change impacts, Hydrological Processes, 29(9), 2196-2211, doi:10.1002/hyp.10358. 22. Cheyney, M.J., Olsen, C.S., Bovbjerg, M., Everson, C., Darragh, I., and Potter, B. 2015. Practitioner and practice characteristics of Certified Professional Midwifes in the United States: Results of the 2011 North American Registry of Midwives Survey. Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health 60(5): 534-545. 23. Chung, W. 2015. Optimizing Fuel Treatments to Reduce Wildland Fire Risk. Current Forestry Report 1: 44-51. 24. Creighton, J.H., Blatner, K.A., and Carroll, M.S. 2015. For the love of the land: generational land transfer and the future of family forests in western Washington state, USA. Small-Scale Forestry 15(1): 1-15. (DOI) 10.1007/ s11842-015-9301-2. 25. Dahlen, J., Antony, F., Li, A., Love-Myers, K., Schimleck, L. R., and Schilling, E. 2015. Automated timedomain reflectometry signal analysis for prediction of loblolly pine and sweetgum moisture content. Bioresources 10(3), 4947-4960. 26. DeChenne, S. E., Koziol, N., Needham, M., & Enochs, L. 2015. Modeling sources of teaching self-efficacy for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics graduate teaching assistants. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 14(3), 1-14. 27. Dickens, S.J.M., Mangla, S, Preston, K.L., and Suding, K.N.. 2015. Embracing variability: environmental dependence and plant community context in ecological restoration. Restoration Ecology 24(1): 119–127. 28. Driscoll A., Ries, P.D., Tilt, J.H., and Ganio, L.M. 2015. Needs and Barriers to Expanding Urban Forestry Programs: An Assessment of Community Leaders and Program Managers in the Portland-Vancouver Metropolitan Region. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 14(1): 48-55. 29. Dunn, C.J. and J.D. Bailey. 2015. Modeling the direct effects of salvage logging on longterm temporal fuel dynamics in dry-mixed conifer forests. For. Ecol. Mgt. 341:93-109. (Impact: 2.7; 1 citation already) 30. Edson, C., & Wing, M. G. 2015. LiDAR Elevation and DEM Errors in ForestedSettings. Modern Applied Science 9(2): 139-157. 31. Eisenberg, C., Hibbs, D. E., & Ripple, W. J. 2015. Effects of predation risk on elk (Cervus elaphus) landscape use in a wolf (Canis lupus) dominated system. Canadian Journal of Zoology 93(2): 99-111. 32. Emelko, M.B., Stone, M., Silins, U., Allin, D., Collins, A.L., Williams, C.H.S., Martens, A.M., and Bladon, K.D. 2015. Sediment-phosphorus dynamics can shift aquatic ecology and cause downstream legacy effects after wildfire in large river systems. Global Change Biology. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13073. (Impact Factor: 8.224; SCImago Rank: 3/293 Ecology). 33. Faramarzi, M., Srinivasan, R., Iravani, M., Bladon, K.D., Abbaspour, K., Zehnder, A., and Goss, G. 2015. Setting up a hydrological model: Data discrimination analyses prior to calibration. Environmental Modelling and Software. 74:48-65. DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2015.09.006 (Impact Factor: 4.538; SCImago Rank: 2/171 Environmental Engineering).
College faculty continue to be recognized as active leaders in forestry-related research. During calendar years 2014 and 2015 (the last two years where data is completely available), faculty produced more than 400 refereed publications. 34. Fatima, R. and J.J. Morrell. 2015. Ability of plant-derived oils to inhibit dampwood termite (Zootermopsis augusticollis) activity. Maderas Ciencia y Tecnologia 17(3):685-690.
45. Han, H., K. Kwon, H. Chung, A. Seol, and J. Chung. 2015. Analysis of optimal thinning prescriptions for a Cryptomeria japonica stand using dynamic programming. Journal of Korean Forest Society 104(4): 649-656.
35. Fetene, A., Hilker, T., Yeshitela, K., Prasse, R., Cohen, W., Yang, Z 2015 Detecting Trends in Landuse and Landcover Change of Nech Sar National Park, Ethiopia. Environmental Management, 57 (1), 137-147
46. Hansen, E., E. Nybakk, and R. Panwar. 2015. Pure versus Hybrid Competitive Strategies in the Forest Sector: Performance Implications. Forest Policy and Economics. 54:51-57.
36. Freitag, C., F.A. Kamke, and J.J. Morrell. 2015. Resistance of resin impregnated VTC processed hybridpoplar to fungal attack. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 99:174-176.
47. Hansen, E., Knowles. C., and K. Larson. 2015. A modified lead-user approach for new product development: An illustration from the US of a marketing research tool for the forest industry. International Wood Products Journal. 6(3):131-137.
37. Galik, C.S., R.C. Abt, G. Latta, and T. Vegh. 2015. The environmental and economic effects of regional bioenergy policy in the southeastern US. Energy Policy. 852015: 335-346. 38. Ganio, L., T. Woolley, D. Shaw, and S. Fitzgerald. 2015. The discriminatory ability of post-fire tree mortality logistic regression models. Forest Science 61(2): 344-353. 39. Gao, F., Hilker, T., Zhu, X., Anderson, M., Masek, J., Wang, P., & Yang, Y. 2015. Monitoring, Fusing Landsat and MODIS data for vegetation. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing, in press, 10.1109/MGRS.2015.2434351 40. Garcia, M.O., Smith, J.E., Luoma, D.L., and Jones, M.D. 2016. Ectomycorrhizal communities of ponderosa pine and lodgepole pine in the south-central Oregon pumice zone. Mycorrhiza. 26(4), 275-286 41. Givot, R., O’Connell, K., Hadley, A.S. and Betts, M.G. 2015. Hummingbird citizen science. The Science Teacher 82(8): 25.
48. Harmon, M. E. and Pabst, R. 2015. Testing hypotheses of forest succession using long-term measurements: 100 years of observations. Journal of Vegetation Science 26:722-732. 49. Harmon, M.E., Fasth, B., Halpern, C.B., and Lutz, J.A. 2015. Uncertainty analysis: An evaluation metric for synthesis science. Ecosphere 6(4): 63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES14-002235.1 50. Hilker, T., Lyapustin, A.I., Hall, F.G., Myneni, R., Knyazikhin, Y., Wang, Y., Tucker, C.J., Sellers, P.J. 2015 On the measurability of change in Amazon vegetation from MODIS. Remote Sensing of Environment, 166, 233-242 51. Hoibo, O., E. Hansen, and E. Nybakk. 2015. Building material preferences with a focus on wood in urban housing: durability and environmental impacts. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 45(11):1617–1627.
42. Goralink, L. and Nelson, M.P. 2015. Empathy and Agency in the Isle Royale Field Philosophy Experience. Journal of Sustainability Education 10.
52. Howe, G.T., Horvath, D.P., Dharmawardhana, P., Priest, H.D., Mockler, T.C., and Strauss, S.H. 2015. Extensive transcriptome changes during natural onset and release of vegetative bud dormancy in Populus. Frontiers in Plant Science. 6: 989. doi:10.3389/fpls.2015.00989.
43. Gray, A. N., Whittier, T.R., and Harmon, M.E. (2016). Carbon stocks and sequestration rates in Pacific Northwest forests: Role of stand age, plant community, and productivity. Ecosphere 7(1): e01224.
53. Hutchinson, R., Emerson, S., Valente, J., Betts, M.G., and Dietterich, T. 2015. Penalized Likelihood methods improve parameter estimates in occupancy models. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6: 949–959.
44. Haim, D., E.M. White, and R.J. Alig. 2015. Agriculture afforestation for carbon sequestration under carbon markets in the United States: Leakage behavior from regional allowance programs. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy
54. Jang Y, Li K. 2015. An all-natural adhesive for bonding wood. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc: 92:431-438.
REFEREED PUBLICATIONS 55. Jung, J., Cavender, G., Simonsen, J., Zhao, Y., 2015 Mechanisms of metal complexation and cellulose nanofiber/sodium alginate layer-by-layer coating for retaining anthocyanin pigments in thermally processed blueberries, Journal of Agri. Food Chemistry, 63(11), 3031-3038. 56. Keiluweit, M., Nico, P.S., Harmon, M., Mao, J., Pett-Ridge, J., and Kleber, M. 2015. Long-term litter decomposition controlled by manganese redox cycling. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 112(38): E5253E5260. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1508945112. 57. Kemp, K. B., Blades, J.J., Klos, P.Z., Hall, T.E., Force, J.E., Morgan, P., and Tinkham, W.T. 2015. Managing for climate change on federal lands of the western United States: perceived usefulness of climate science, effectiveness of adaptation strategies, and barriers to implementation. Ecology and Society 20 (2): 17. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-07522-200217 58. Kim, D., N. Anderson, and W. Chung. 2015. Financial performance of a mobile pyrolysis system used to produce biochar from sawmill residues. Forest Products Journal 65(5/6): 189-197. 59. King, D.T., A. Sinha, and J.J. Morrell. 2015. Effect of wetting on performance of small-scale shear walls. Wood and Fiber Science 47(1):74-83. 60. Kirkham, W., Miller, T.H. and Gupta, R. 2015 A practical analysis method for partial diaphragm rigidity and torsion in wood frame single family dwellings. Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction, 04015005-1 to 13.
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130. Puettmann, K.J. 2014. Restoring the adaptive capacity of forest ecosystems. Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 33:sup1, S15-S27. 131. Puettmann, K.J. and J. Tappeiner. 2014. Multi-scale assessments highlight silvicultural opportunities to increase species diversity and spatial variability in forests. Forestry. 87(1): 1-10. 132. Pyke, D. A., S.E. Shaff, A. I. Lindgren, E. W. Schupp, P. S. Doescher, J. C. Chambers, J. S. Burnham, and M. M. Huso. 2014. Region-wide ecological responses of arid Wyoming Big Sagebrush communities to fuel treatments. Rangeland Ecology & Management: September 2014, Vol. 67, No. 5, pp. 455-467. 133. Rafieian, F., M. Shahedi, J. Keramat, J. Simonsen. 2014. Mechanical, thermal and barrier properties of nano-biocomposite based on gluten and carboxylated cellulose nanocrystals. Industrial Crops and Products. 53, 282 – 288. 134. Rafieian, Fatemeh; Shahedi, Mohammad; Keramat, Javad; Simonsen, John. 2014. Thermomechanical and morphological properties of nanocomposite films from wheat gluten matrix and cellulose nanofibrils. Journal of Food Science, 79(1), N100-N107. 135. Rafieian, Fatemeh; Simonsen, John. 2014. Fabrication and characterization of carboxylated cellulose nanocrystals reinforced glutenin nanocomposite Cellulose 21(6), 4167-4180. 136. Rau, B. M., J. C. Chambers, D.A. Pyke, B. A. Roundy, E. W. Schupp, P. Doescher and T.G. Caldwell. 2014. Soil resources influence vegetation and response to fire and fire-surrogate treatments in Sagebrush-Steppe ecosystems. Rangeland Ecology & Management 67:5, 506-521. 137. Rick, T.C., Sillett, T.S., Ghalambor, C.K., Hofman, C.A., Ralls, K., Anderson, R.S. Boser, C., Braje, T.J., Cayan, D.R., Chesser, T., Collins, P.W., Erlandson, J.M., Faulkner, K.R., Fleischer, R., Funk, W.C., Galipeau, R., Huston, A., King, J., Laughrin, L., Maldonado, J., McEachern, K., Muhs, D., Newsome, S.D., Reeder-Myers, L., Still, C.J., Morrison, S. From the Pleistocene to the Anthropocene: 20,000-years of ecological change and the future of biodiversity, Channel Islands, California. BioScience 1-33, 10.1093/biosci/ biu094 (2014). 138. Ripple, W. J., Smith, P., Haberl, H., Montzka, S.A., McAlpine, D., Boucher, D.H. 2014. Ruminants, climate change, and climate policy. Nature Climate Change. 4:2-4. 139. Ripple, W.J., J.A. Estes, R.L. Beschta, C.C. Wilmers, E.G. Ritchie, M. Hebblewhite, J. Berger, B. Elmhagen, M. Letnic, M.P. Nelson, O.J. Schmitz, D.W. Smith, A.D. Wallach, and A.J. Wirsing. 2014. Status and ecological effects of the World’s largest carnivores. Science 343:doi:10.1126/ science.1241484. 140. Ripple, W.J., R.L. Beschta, J.K. Fortin, and C.T. Robbins. 2014. Trophic cascades from wolves to grizzly bears in Yellowstone. Journal of Animal Ecology 83:223-33. 141. Rivers, J. W., Blundell, M. A., & Rothstein, S. I. 2014. Mismatched begging displays between foreign and host offspring reduce brood parasite fitness. Behavioral Ecology, aru055. 142. Rivers, J.W., Liebl, A.L., Martin, L.B., and Betts, M.G. 2014. Corticosterone in territorial male Swainson’s Thrushes varies in relation to forest age but not vegetation cover. Journal of Ornithology 155(2):539-548. 143. Rivers, James W., J. Johnson, Susan M. Haig, Carl J. Schwarz, L. Joseph Burnett, Joseph Brandt, Daniel George, and Jesse Grantham. “An analysis of monthly home range size in the critically endangered California Condor Gymnogyps californianus.” Bird Conservation International 24, no. 04 (2014): 492-504. 144. Robinson, S.C., Hinsch, E., Weber, G., Freitas, S. 2014. Method of extraction and resolubilization of pigments from Chlorociboria aeruginosa and Scytalidium cuboideum, two prolific spalting fungi. Coloration Technology 103:221-225 145. Robinson, S.C., Hinsch, E., Weber, G., Leipus, K., Cerney, D. 2014. Wood colorization through pressure treating: The potential of extracted pigments from spalting fungi as a replacement for woodworkers’ aniline dyes. Materials 7(8): 5427-5437.
146. Robinson, S.C., Tudor, D., Zhang, W., Ng, S., Cooper, P.A. 2014. Ability of three yellow pigment producing fungi to color wood under controlled conditions. International Wood Products Journal 5(2):103-107 147. Rodriguez-Nikl, T., Gupta, R., Kramer, A. and Sinha, A. 2014. Seismic laboratory testing of energy efficient, staggered-stud, wood-framed shear walls. Journal of Structural Engineering, Special Issue. B4014003, pp8. 148. Ruan, X., Leshchinsky, D., & Leshchinsky, B. A. 2014. Global stability of bilinear reinforced slopes. Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology,2(1), 34-46. 149. Ruehr, N., B.E. Law, D. Quandt, M. Williams. 2014. Effects of heat and drought on carbon and water dynamics in a regenerating semi-arid pine forest: a combined experimental and modeling approach. Biogeosciences 11:4139-4156, doi:10.5194/bg-11-4139-2014. 150. Ruzicka, K., D. Oldson, and K.J. Puettmann. 2014. Management of riparian buffers: upslope thinning with downslope impacts. Forest Science. 60(5):881-892. 151. Saffell, B. J., F. C. Meinzer, D. R. Woodruff, D. C. Shaw, S. L. Voelker, B. Lachenbruch and K. Falk. 2014. Seasonal carbohydrate dynamics and growth in Douglas-fir trees experiencing chronic, fungal-mediated reduction in functional leaf area. New Phytologist 34: 218-228. 152. Saffell, B. J., F. C. Meinzer, S. L. Voelker, D. C. Shaw, J. R. Brooks, B. Lachenbruch, and J. McKay. 2014. Tree-ring stable isotopes record the impact of a foliar fungal pathogen on CO2 assimilation and growth in Douglas-fir. Plant, Cell and Environment 37: 1536-154. 153. Saffell, B.J., F.C. Meinzer, S.L. Voelker, D.C. Shaw, J.R. Brooks, B. Lachenbruch, J. McKay. 2014. Tree-ring stable isotopes record the impact of a foliar fungal pathogen on CO2 assimilation and growth in Douglas-fir. Plant, Cell and Environment: doi: 10.1111/pce.12256 154. Santamaria, L., Landgren, C. 2014. Identifying and managing Christmas tree diseases, pests, and other problems/Identificación y Manejo de Enfermedades, Plagas y Otros Problemas en Árboles de Navidad. Extension and Experiment Station Communications – OSU. Pacific Northwest Publication. Series# PNW 659. 155. Schmidt, A., & Suchaneck, M. 2014. Comparison and optimization of neural networks and network ensembles for gap filling of wind energy data. Journal of Renewable Energy, 2014. 156. Schmidt, A., C.W. Rella, C. Hanson, B.E. Law. 2014. Removing traffic emissions from CO2 time series measured at a tall tower using mobile measurements and transport modeling. Atmospheric Environment 97:94108. Doi 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.08.006. 157. Schwarzkopf M., L. Muszyński, J.A. Nairn, X. Lin. 2014. An integrated method for measurement and modeling of the micromechanics of the internal bond in wood plastic composites. Holzfroschung. Published online: DOI: 10.1515/hf-2013-0243 158. Segura, C., Caldwell, P., Sun, G., McNulty, S., and Zhang, Y. 2014. A model to predict stream water temperature across the conterminous USA, Hydrol. Process., doi: 10.1002/hyp.10357. 159. Segura, C., G. Sun, S. McNulty, and Y. Zhang 2014, Potential impacts of climate change on soil erosion vulnerability across the conterminous United States, Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 69(2), 171-181. 160. Sergio, F., Schmitz, O. J., Krebs, C. J., Holt, R. D., Heithaus, M. R., Wirsing, A. J., Ripple, W. J., Ritchie, E., Ainley, D., Oro, D., Jhala, Y., Hiraldo, F. and Korpim ki, E. 2014, Towards a cohesive, holistic view of top predation: a definition, synthesis and perspective. Oikos, 123: 1234–1243. doi: 10.1111/ oik.01468 161. Shaw, D.C., T. Woolley, and A. Kanaskie. 2014. Vertical foliage retention in Douglas-fir across environmental gradients of the western Oregon Coast Range influenced by Swiss needle cast. Northwest Science 88: 23-32. 162. Silins, U., Bladon, K.D., Kelly, E.N., Esch, E., Spence, J.R., Stone, M., Emelko, M.B., Boon, S., Wagner, M.J., Williams, C.H.S., and Tichkowsky, I. 2014. Fiveyear legacy of wildfire and salvage logging impacts on nutrient runoff and aquatic plant, macroinvertebrate, and fish productivity. Ecohydrology. 7(6): 1508-1523. (Journal Impact Factor: 2.634)
163. Sinha, A. 2014. Post-peak residual capacity of nailed connections of a shear wall. Holzforschung. 68(8), 987-992. 164. Sinha, A. and Avila, D.G. 2014. Lateral load carrying connection properties and withdrawal capacity of hybrid poplar. Wood and Fiber Science. 46(1), 97-108. 165. Sinha, A., and Miyamoto, B.T. 2014. Lateral load carrying capacity of laminated bamboo lumber to oriented strand board connections. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 26(4), 741-747. 166. Sinha, A., Way, D. and Mlasko, M. 2014. Structural performance of glue laminated bamboo beams. Journal of Structural Engineering. 140(1), 04013021, pp 8. 167. Sjølie, H.K., G.S. Latta, and B. Solberg. 2014. Impacts of the Kyoto Protocol on boreal forest climate change mitigation. Annals of Forest Science 71(2): 267-277. 168. Smith, S., C. Buesch, D. Mathews, J. Simonsen, John F. Conley. 2014. Improved oxidation resistance of organic/inorganic composite atomic layer deposition coated cellulose nanocrystal aerogels. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 32(4), 041508/1-041508/8 169. Song, B., S. Niu, R. Luo, Y. Luo, J. Chen, G. Yu, J. Olenjnik, G. Wohlfahrt, G. Kiely, A. Noormets, L. Montagnani, A. Cescatti, V. Magliulo, B.E. Law, M. Lund, A. Varlagin, A. Raschi, M. Peichl, M.B. Nilsson, L. Merbold. 2014. Divergent apparent temperature sensitivity of terrestrial ecosystem respiration. Journal of Plant Ecology 7:419-428, doi:10.1093/jpe/rtu014. 170. Soto, D., P. Donoso, and K.J. Puettmann. 2014. Mortality in relation to growth rate and soil resistance varies by species for underplanted Nothofagus seedlings in scarified shelterwoods. New Forests. 45:655-669. 171. Spies, T. A., E. M. White, J. D. Kline, A. Paige Fischer, A. Ager, J. Bailey, J. Bolte, J. Koch, E. Platt, C. S. Olsen, D. Jacobs, B. Shindler, M. M. SteenAdams and R. Hammer. 2014. Examining fire-prone forest landscapes as coupled human and natural systems. Ecology and Society 19(3): 9. 172. Spies, T., E. White, J. Kline, A. Fisher, A. Ager, J. Bolte, J. Bailey, J. Koch, E. Platt, C. Olsen, B. Shindler, D. Jacobs, M. Steen-Adams and R. Hammer. 2014. Examining fire-prone landscapes as coupled human and natural systems under climate change. Ecology and Society 19(3):9-24. 173. Stephenson, N. L. A. J. Das, R. Condit, S. E. Russo, P. J. Baker, N. G. Beckman, D. A. Coomes, E. R. Lines, W. K. Morris, N. Rüger, E. Álvarez, C. Blundo, S. Bunyavejchewin, G. Chuyong, S. J. Davies, Á. Duque, C. N. Ewango, O. Flores, J. F. Franklin, H. R. Grau, Z. Hao, M. E. Harmon, S. P. Hubbell, D. Kenfack, Y. Lin, J.-R. Makana, A. Malizia, L. R. Malizia, R. J. Pabst, N. Pongpattananurak, S.-H. Su, I-F. Sun, S. Tan, D. Thomas, P. J. van Mantgem, X. Wang, S. K. Wiser, and M. A. Zavala. 2014. Rate of tree carbon accumulation increases continuously with tree size. Nature 507(7490):90-93 doi:10.1038/nature12914. 174. Stidham, M., Olsen, C.S., Toman, E., Frederick, S., McCaffrey, S., and B. Shindler. 2014. Longitudinal social science research in natural resource communities: lessons and considerations. Society and Natural Resources 27(10): 1104-1108. 175. Stidham, M., S. McCaffrey, E. Toman, and B. Shindler. 2014. Policy tools to encourage community-level defensible space in the United States: A tale of six communities. Journal of Rural Studies, 35:59-69. 176. Stoven, H., Landgren C., Rogg H., LaBonte J., and Santamaria, L. 2014. Best management practices for Christmas tree export/Buenas Prácticas de Manejo para la Exportación de Árboles de Navidad. Extension and Experiment Station Communications - OSU. Series# EM9093. 177. Strunk, J., H. Temesgen, H.E. Andersen, and P. Packalen. 2014. Prediction of forest attributes with Landsat and a sample of lidar strips: A case study on the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing. 80: 143 – 150. 178. Sun, Y., L. Gu, R.E. Dickinson, S.G. Pallardy, J. Baker, Y. Cao, F.M. DaMatta, X. Dong, D. Ellsworth, D. van Goethem, A.M. Jensen, B.E. Law, R. Loose, S.C. Martins, R.J. Norby, J. Warren, D. Weston, K. Winter. 2014. Asymmetrical effects of mesophyll conductance on fundamental photosynthetic parameters and their relationships estimated from leaf gas exchange measurements. Plant Cell and Environ. 37:978-994. DOI: 10.1111/pce.12213.
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195. Warren, D.R., J.D. Dunham, D. Hockman-Wert. 2014. Geographic variability in elevation and topographic constraints on the distribution of native and nonnative trout in the Great Basin. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143: 205-218
180. Swanson, M.E., N.M. Studevant, J.L. Campbell, and D.C. Donato. 2014. Biological associates of early-seral pre-forest in the Pacific Northwest. Forest Ecology and Management. 324:160-171.
196. White, C. F. H., Coops, N. C., Nijland, W., Hilker, T., Nelson, T. a., Wulder, M. a., Nielsen, S. E., & Stenhouse, G. 2014. Characterizing a decade of disturbance events using Landsat and MODIS satellite imagery in Western Alberta, Canada for Grizzly Bear management. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 40(5), 336–347. doi:10.1080/07038992.2014.987082
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186. Vahedifard, F., Leshchinsky, B. A., Sehat, S., & Leshchinsky, D. 2014. Impact of cohesion on seismic design of geosynthetic-reinforced earth structures. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering.
201. Ye, T.Z and Jayawickrama, K.J.S. 2014. Geographic variation and local growth superiority for coastal Douglas-fir – rotation-age growth performance in a Douglas-fir provenance test. Silvae Genetica 59(1): 29-39.
187. Veisten, K., K. Lindberg, B. Grue, and J.V. Haukeland. 2014. The role of psychographic factors in nature-based tourist expenditure. Tourism Economics 20(2): 301-321.
202. Yordanov, Y.S., C. Ma, S.H. Strauss and V.B. Busov. 2014. EARLY BUD-BREAK 1 (EBB1) is a regulator of release from seasonal dormancy in poplar trees. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111:10,001–10,006. doi: 10.1073/ pnas.1405621111
190. Vista, A.B., and R.S. Rosenberger. 2015. Estimating the recreational value of Taal Vulcano Protected Landscape, Phillipines using benefit transfer. Journal of Environmental Science and Management 18(1):22-32
191. Voelker, S. L., F. C. Meinzer, B. Lachenbruch, J. R. Brooks and R. P. Guyette. 2014. Drivers of radial growth and carbon isotope discrimination of bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa Michx.) across continental gradients in precipitation, vapor pressure deficit and irradiance. Plant, Cell and Environment 37: 766-779.
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185. Urhan, O., Kolpak, S.E., Jayawickrama, KJS, Howe, GT. 2014. Early genetic selection for wood stiffness in juvenile Douglas-fir and western hemlock Forest Ecology and Management 320: 104-117.
189. Vining, K., E. Romanel; R. Jones, A. Klocko, M. Alves-Ferreira, C. Hefer, V. Amarasinghe, P. Dharmawardhana, S. Naithani, M. Ranik, J. WesleySmith, P. Jaiswal, A. Myburg, L. Solomon, S.H. Strauss. 2014. The floral transcriptome of Eucalyptus grandis. New Phytologist. doi: 10.1111/ nph.13077
198. Wing, M.G., J. Burnett, S. Johnson, A. Akay and J. Sessions. 2014. A low-cost unmanned aerial system for remote sensing of forested landscapes. Int. Journal of Remote Sensing Applications 4(3):113-120.
200. Xiao, J., S.V. Ollinger, S. Frolking, G.C. Hurtt, D.Y. Hollinger, K.J. Davis, Y. Pan, X Zhang, F. Deng, J. Chen, D.D. Baldocchi, B.E. Law, M. Altaf Arain, A.R. Desai, A.D. Richardson, G. Sun, B. Amiro, H. Margolis, L. Gu, R.L. Scott, P.D. Blanken, A.E. Suyker. 2014. Data-driven diagnostics of terrestrial carbon dynamics over North America. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 197:142-157.
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Creating the healthy forest landscape.