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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

European Cities and Regions of the Future 2014/15 Winners LONDON HAS RETAINED ITS POSITION AS fDi’s EUROPEAN CITY OF THE FUTURE 2014/15, WHILE GERMANY’S NORDRHEINWESTFALEN HAS SAILED TO THE TOP TO RANK FIRST AMONG EUROPE’S REGIONS. CATHY McREYNOLDS REPORTS

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urope is expanding. Its population is growing and the EU most recently welcomed a new member in the form of Croatia in July 2013. Free trade and movement of labour in the EU has countries waiting in the wings to join. In a study of the most promising investment locations in Europe, fDi Magazine has crowned London and Nordrhein-Westfalen in Germany winners of the European City and Region of the Future titles. London ranked first place in the Economic Potential category for major European cities, thanks to its vast and growing market and its significant FDI attraction – particularly in the software and IT, business services, and financial services sectors. The city also ranked second in the Infrastructure category, in part due to its forthcoming Crossrail project – the largest civil engineering project in Europe – which will provide accessible, frequent and convenient rail transportation for citizens, linking Heathrow airport, the West End of the city, the financial City of London, Canary Wharf, Kent and Essex. London is also showing a clear strategy for attracting FDI. For European Regions of the Future, Nordrhein-Westfalen ranked first, rising six places from the previ-

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ous ranking in 2012/13. The region ranked third of all European regions for Economic Potential, due to its high GDP, its inflation rate of 2.5% and its high levels of FDI. It also performed well among large European regions in the Human Capital and Lifestyle, and Infrastructure categories, ranking second and fifth in these categories, respectively. Rising through the ranks Helsinki emerged as a new entry in the Top 25 European cities, placing second. Finland’s capital has been receiving increased attention for its efforts to attract FDI and scored particularly well for FDI Strategy. The city highlighted its focus on three key areas to promote investment: “Research, development and innovation; growth capital and hi-tech startups; and transnational functions, such as sea and air links.” The Dutch city of Eindhoven was also a new entry to the Top 25, ranking third. The city ranked first in the FDI Strategy category for all small European cities, thanks in part to its offer of incubation facilities at both the High Tech Campus in the city and the University of Technology Science Park, as well as its provision of ‘soft-landing’ services, which allow investors to establish links and

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

develop a base in the city. Eindhoven also scored well in the Infrastructure category, ranking fourth of all small European cities. There was a notable change in the overall cities ranking with new entries for Dutch cities – Rotterdam and Utrecht ranked 14th and 18th, respectively. There were also new entries for French and UK cities in the ranking, with Lyon ranking 15 t h , G r e n o b l e 17 t h a n d Birmingham 19th. UK and Spanish gains UK cities performed well in the city rankings, particularly in the midsized, small and micro city categories. Edinburgh topped the new mid-sized European cities category, which was introduced for the 2014/15 rankings. Scoring well in FDI Strategy, the city ranked first of all mid-sized European cities, and fourth of all mid-sized European cities in the Economic Potential category. Edinburgh faced competition from other UK cities in this mid-sized category with Liverpool, Newcastle upon Tyne, Coventry and Sheffield ranking third, fifth, sixth and seventh, respectively. Spanish cities dominated the southern European cities category, not surprisingly given that Spanish GDP grew at its fastest rate in six years in the final quarter of 2013, according to the Ministry of Economy and Finance. Seven Spanish cities ranked in the Top 10, with Barcelona placing first. Scotland performed well in the rankings, rising three places to rank second of all European regions. The region scored particularly well in the FDI Strategy category, thanks to a range of incentives offered, including funding and business growth services provided by the Scottish Investment Bank, its Scottish Manufacturing Advisory Service and its range of research and development credits. The region also ranked fourth of all large regions in Business Friendliness and fifth of all large European regions in the Human Capital and Lifestyle category. Copenhagen’s economic potential Copenhagen region retained its third place ranking, performing strongly in the Economic Potential category, ranking second of all small European regions. The region also ranked second of all small regions in the Business Friendliness category, presenting a low risk to investors, with low levels of February/March 2014

corruption and a straightforward approach to doing business. The region also has a strong FDI Strategy, ranking first of all small regions. Amsterdam region ranked sixth overall and placed first in the Infrastructure category. Dutch regions dominated this category, boosted by their country’s developed communications and transport networks. Regionally, the Cost Effectiveness category was predominantly made up of eastern European regions. Macedonia’s Ohrid-Struga ranked first, while Serbian regions claimed three of the overall Top 10 European places. There also featured, however, a couple of UK regions in the Cost Effectiveness category, with East Midlands and Yorkshire and Humberside proving the seventh and ninth most cost-effective large European regions. In addition, Spanish regions Andalucia and Catalonia ranked eighth and 10th of all large European regions, respectively. Europe’s strength In the year to November 2013, fDi Markets recorded 3652 greenfield FDI projects (excluding retail) in Europe. In the same period, Europe received just over a third of global FDI, the largest of any world region. Of Europe’s FDI projects, 665 investments (18.2%) were made in the software and IT sector, compared with 14.4% in Asia. Software publishing was Europe’s largest subsector, accounting for more than half of all investment in software and IT. On the whole, UK cities and regions performed well in fDi’s European Cities and Regions of the Future 2014/15, claiming top city and second place regionally. Yet, 2014 brings with it a contentious referendum that could see Scotland split from the UK as early as 2016. Details on Scottish currency and its EU membership remain unclear, begging the question, how will this affect Scotland’s strategy for attracting new, and even retaining current, foreign direct investment? As a world region, Europe has been battered by recession storms in the past few years, yet there are signs of optimism, most recently with Ireland and Spain exiting their bailouts. Could we see a marked improvement in Ireland or Spain’s performance in the next rankings? ■

TOP 25 EUROPEAN CITIES OVERALL RANK

CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

London Helsinki Eindhoven Cambridge Dublin Munich Barcelona Berlin Amsterdam Reading Edinburgh Vienna Glasgow Rotterdam Lyon Paris Grenoble Utrecht Birmingham Ghent Liverpool Lisbon Derby Cork Galway

UK Finland Netherlands UK Ireland Germany Spain Germany Netherlands UK UK Austria UK Netherlands France France France Netherlands UK Belgium UK Portugal UK Ireland Ireland

TOP 25 EUROPEAN REGIONS OVERALL RANK REGION

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 23 24 25

COUNTRY

Nordrhein-Westfalen Germany Scotland UK Copenhagen Denmark Greater Stockholm Region Sweden Île-de-France France Amsterdam Region Netherlands Bristol and Bath UK Greater Zurich Region Switzerland Utrecht Netherlands Brabant Netherlands Wales UK South East UK UK Northern Ireland UK Val De Marne France Lombardy Italy Wallonia Belgium West Holland Netherlands Oxfordshire UK Norfolk UK Stoke-on-Trent and Staffordshire UK Sheffield City Region UK Isle of Man UK Dorset UK Liverpool City Region UK Hampshire UK North Holland Netherlands

Follow discussion of the rankings on Twitter: #ECRF14

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

Cities TOP 10 NORTHERN EUROPEAN CITIES EXCLUDING UK AND IRELAND

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Finland Iceland Sweden Denmark Finland Sweden Finland Lithuania Sweden Norway

Helsinki Reykjavik Stockholm Copenhagen Espoo Lund Vantaa Vilnius Malmö Oslo

TOP 10 SOUTHERN EUROPEAN CITIES

TOP 10 CITIES – UK AND IRELAND

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK UK Ireland UK UK UK UK UK UK Ireland

London Cambridge Dublin Reading Edinburgh Glasgow Birmingham Liverpool Derby Cork

TOP 10 EASTERN EUROPEAN CITIES

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Spain Portugal Portugal Spain Spain Spain Spain Macedonia Spain Spain

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Hungary Poland Poland Czech Republic Russia Czech Republic Poland Czech Republic Slovakia Czech Republic

Barcelona Lisbon Porto Bilbao Valencia Madrid Murcia Skopje Seville Malaga

Budapest Wroclaw Katowice Plzen Moscow Brno Poznan Ostrava Bratislava Prague

TOP 10 WESTERN EUROPEAN CITIES

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Netherlands Germany Germany Netherlands Austria Netherlands France France France Netherlands

Eindhoven Munich Berlin Amsterdam Vienna Rotterdam Lyon Paris Grenoble Utrecht

Driving growth: Munich is second in the western European city ranking

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP 10 NORTHERN EUROPEAN CITIES – FDI STRATEGY

TOP 10 SOUTHERN EUROPEAN CITIES – FDI STRATEGY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK UK Finland UK UK UK UK UK UK UK

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Spain Portugal Portugal Spain Macedonia Spain Spain Spain Spain Slovenia

London Glasgow Helsinki Edinburgh Liverpool Birmingham Derby Sunderland Sheffield Cambridge

TOP 10 EASTERN EUROPEAN CITIES – FDI STRATEGY

Barcelona Lisbon Porto Bilbao Skopje Murcia Valencia Malaga Seville Lendava

TOP 10 WESTERN EUROPEAN CITIES – FDI STRATEGY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Poland Poland Poland Czech Republic Poland Czech Republic Czech Republic Poland Ukraine Poland

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Germany Netherlands Germany Belgium France Austria France Germany France Belgium

Katowice Wroclaw Poznan Ostrava Lodz Plzen Brno Lublin Kharkiv Krakow

TOP 10 MAJOR EUROPEAN CITIES – OVERALL

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK Finland Ireland Spain Germany Austria France Belgium Hungary Russia

London Helsinki Dublin Barcelona Berlin Vienna Paris Brussels Budapest Moscow

TOP 10 MAJOR EUROPEAN CITIES – HUMAN CAPITAL AND LIFESTYLE

Berlin Eindhoven Munich Ghent Lyon Vienna Grenoble Leipzig Bordeaux Antwerp

TOP 10 MAJOR EUROPEAN CITIES – ECONOMIC POTENTIAL

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK France Belgium Ireland Finland Sweden Russia Italy Denmark Germany

London Paris Brussels Dublin Helsinki Stockholm Moscow Milan Copenhagen Berlin

TOP 10 MAJOR EUROPEAN CITIES – COST EFFECTIVENESS

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Brussels Paris London Athens Stockholm Madrid Vienna Dublin Barcelona Helsinki

Belgium France UK Greece Sweden Spain Austria Ireland Spain Finland

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Bulgaria Georgia Romania Serbia Czech Republic Turkey Hungary Ukraine Belarus Poland

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Sofia Tbilisi Bucharest Belgrade Prague Ankara Budapest Kiev Minsk Warsaw

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP 10 MAJOR EUROPEAN CITIES – INFRASTRUCTURE

TOP 10 MAJOR EUROPEAN CITIES – BUSINESS FRIENDLINESS

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

France UK Germany Denmark Spain Belgium Spain Finland Austria Sweden

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK Russia Ireland France Hungary Poland Turkey Belgium Czech Republic Spain

Paris London Berlin Copenhagen Barcelona Brussels Madrid Helsinki Vienna Stockholm

London Moscow Dublin Paris Budapest Warsaw Istanbul Brussels Prague Madrid

TOP MAJOR EUROPEAN CITIES – FDI STRATEGY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Germany UK Finland Spain Austria Ireland Ukraine Hungary Georgia

Berlin London Helsinki Barcelona Vienna Dublin Kiev Budapest Tbilisi

Note: List restricted due to shortage of suitable entries.

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP 10 LARGE EUROPEAN CITIES – OVERALL

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Germany Netherlands UK Netherlands UK Portugal Germany Poland Poland France

Munich Amsterdam Glasgow Rotterdam Birmingham Lisbon Leipzig Wroclaw Katowice Bordeaux

TOP 10 LARGE EUROPEAN CITIES – HUMAN CAPITAL AND LIFESTYLE

TOP 10 LARGE EUROPEAN CITIES – ECONOMIC POTENTIAL

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Germany Germany Germany Germany Netherlands Germany Norway Germany Germany Germany

Munich Stuttgart Dresden Cologne Amsterdam Dusseldorf Oslo Frankfurt Hamburg Hanover

TOP 10 LARGE EUROPEAN CITIES – COST EFFECTIVENESS

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Norway Netherlands UK Spain Germany Netherlands Germany Germany UK Sweden

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Latvia Moldova Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Poland Poland Poland Poland

Oslo Amsterdam Manchester Valencia Dresden Rotterdam Frankfurt Leipzig Glasgow Gothenburg

TOP 10 LARGE EUROPEAN CITIES – INFRASTRUCTURE

Riga Chisinau Odessa Zaporizhzhya Lviv Dnipropetrovsk Lodz Krakow Poznan Wroclaw

TOP 10 LARGE EUROPEAN CITIES – BUSINESS FRIENDLINESS

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Netherlands Germany Netherlands Germany France Germany Germany France Germany France

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Russia Netherlands Germany Norway Germany Poland UK Germany Latvia Germany

Amsterdam Frankfurt Rotterdam Hamburg Nice Dusseldorf Munich Marseille Essen Bordeaux

10 LARGE EUROPEAN CITIES – FDI STRATEGY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK Poland UK Germany Portugal Germany Poland France Netherlands Poland

Glasgow Katowice Birmingham Munich Lisbon Leipzig Wroclaw Bordeaux Rotterdam Poznan

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Saint Petersburg Amsterdam Cologne Oslo Munich Wroclaw Manchester Frankfurt Riga Hamburg

Glasgow: fDi’s leading large European City of the Future for FDI strategy

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP 10 MID-SIZED EUROPEAN CITIES – OVERALL

TOP 10 MID-SIZED EUROPEAN CITIES – ECONOMIC POTENTIAL

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK France UK Belgium UK UK UK Portugal Spain Switzerland

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Switzerland UK Germany UK Sweden France France Italy Germany Germany

Edinburgh Lyon Liverpool Antwerp Newcastle upon Tyne Coventry Sheffield Porto Bilbao Zurich

TOP 10 MID-SIZED EUROPEAN CITIES – HUMAN CAPITAL AND LIFESTYLE

Zurich Bristol Nurnberg Edinburgh Malmö Toulouse Rennes Bologna Duisburg Bremen

TOP 10 MID-SIZED EUROPEAN CITIES – COST EFFECTIVENESS

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Greece France France France France Switzerland Spain UK France UK

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Lithuania Romania Estonia Ukraine Czech Republic Czech Republic Ukraine Poland Poland Poland

Thessaloniki Montpellier Lyon Nantes Rennes Zurich Santa Cruz de Tenerife Nottingham Strasbourg Newcastle upon Tyne

TOP 10 MID-SIZED EUROPEAN CITIES – INFRASTRUCTURE

Vilnius Iasi Tallinn Sevastopol Brno Ostrava Mykolaiv Szczecin Bydgoszcz Gdansk

TOP 10 MID-SIZED EUROPEAN CITIES – BUSINESS FRIENDLINESS

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Switzerland Netherlands Germany Germany France France Belgium France France Lithuania

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Switzerland UK Belgium Czech Republic Estonia Lithuania UK UK UK UK

Zurich The Hague Bremen Duisburg Rennes Lyon Antwerp Nantes Toulouse Vilnius

Zurich Coventry Antwerp Brno Tallinn Vilnius Bristol Edinburgh Belfast Cardiff

TOP 10 MID-SIZED EUROPEAN CITIES – FDI STRATEGY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK UK France UK Portugal UK Spain Belgium Czech Republic UK

Edinburgh Liverpool Lyon Sheffield Porto Newcastle upon Tyne Bilbao Antwerp Ostrava Doncaster

Thessaloniki: leading the way for human capital and lifestyle

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN CITIES – OVERALL

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Netherlands UK UK France Netherlands Belgium UK Ireland UK UK

Eindhoven Cambridge Reading Grenoble Utrecht Ghent Derby Cork York Derry/Londonderry

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN CITIES – HUMAN CAPITAL AND LIFESTYLE

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN CITIES – ECONOMIC POTENTIAL

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Switzerland Switzerland UK Finland UK UK Netherlands Sweden UK Germany

Geneva Basel Cambridge Espoo Aberdeen Reading Eindhoven Lund Oxford Aachen

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN CITIES – COST EFFECTIVENESS

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK France UK UK France UK UK Sweden UK Germany

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Macedonia Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria Lithuania Lithuania Romania Montenegro

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Cambridge Grenoble Oxford Brighton Lille Exeter Middlesbrough Lund Dundee Bremerhaven

Skopje Plovdiv Pleven Burgas Varna Ruse Kaunas Klaipeda Constanta Podgorica

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN CITIES – INFRASTRUCTURE

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN CITIES – BUSINESS FRIENDLINESS

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK Netherlands Finland Netherlands Switzerland Netherlands UK UK France Switzerland

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Ireland UK UK Slovakia UK UK UK Switzerland UK Macedonia

Slough Utrecht Vantaa Eindhoven Basel Maastricht Milton Keynes St Albans Lille Geneva

Cork Reading Derry/Londonderry Bratislava Cambridge Southampton Walsall Geneva Oxford Skopje

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN CITIES – FDI STRATEGY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Netherlands Belgium UK UK France UK UK UK UK Macedonia

Eindhoven Ghent Derby Sunderland Grenoble Cambridge Reading York Peterborough Skopje

Bangor: number one micro-sized European city for human capital and lifestyle

TOP 10 MICRO EUROPEAN CITIES – OVERALL

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Ireland Ireland Ireland Germany UK UK UK UK UK UK

Galway Waterford Limerick Coburg Bath Durham Hemel Hempstead Chester Lancaster Inverness

TOP 10 MICRO EUROPEAN CITIES – HUMAN CAPITAL AND LIFESTYLE

TOP 10 MICRO EUROPEAN CITIES – ECONOMIC POTENTIAL

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Luxembourg Ireland UK UK Germany France UK UK Ireland Belgium

Luxembourg Galway Harwich Bath Coburg Monaco Chester Durham Limerick Mechelen

TOP 10 MICRO EUROPEAN CITIES – COST EFFECTIVENESS

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK UK UK UK UK UK Germany Ireland UK France

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Macedonia Macedonia Latvia Latvia Latvia Serbia Serbia Serbia Serbia Serbia

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Bangor Durham Bath Lancaster Chester Inverness Coburg Limerick Lincoln Pau

Stip Municipality of Veles Liepaja Ventspils Jelgava Zajecar Vranje Zrenjanin Sremska Mitrovica Municipality of Ruma

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP 10 MICRO EUROPEAN CITIES – INFRASTRUCTURE

TOP 10 MICRO EUROPEAN CITIES – BUSINESS FRIENDLINESS

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Luxembourg UK Belgium France France France UK UK UK UK

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK Ireland Ireland Ireland Ireland UK Ireland Luxembourg Estonia Belgium

Luxembourg Hemel Hempstead Mechelen Cannes Monaco Pau Lancaster Grimsby Inverness Bath

Newry Shannon Galway Drogheda Limerick Hemel Hempstead Waterford Luxembourg Tartu Mechelen

TOP 10 MICRO EUROPEAN CITIES – FDI STRATEGY

RANK CITY

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Ireland Ireland Latvia Latvia Ireland Slovenia Germany Serbia Croatia Serbia

Waterford Galway Ventspils Liepaja Limerick Lendava Coburg Zajecar Ivanec Vranje

February/March 2014

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

Regions TOP 10 EUROPEAN REGIONS – ECONOMIC POTENTIAL

TOP 10 EUROPEAN REGIONS – HUMAN CAPITAL AND LIFESTYLE

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Germany Switzerland Germany UK France Denmark Germany Sweden Switzerland Russia

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Greece UK UK Russia Germany UK Sweden Spain Denmark UK

Baden-Wurttemberg Greater Zurich Region Nordrhein-Westfalen South East UK Île-de-France Copenhagen Bavaria Greater Stockholm Region Geneva (Canton) Central Federal District

TOP 10 EUROPEAN REGIONS – COST EFFECTIVENESS

Attica Isle of Man South East UK Ust-Labinsk Nordrhein-Westfalen South West UK Greater Stockholm Region Comunidad de Madrid Copenhagen Scotland

TOP 10 EUROPEAN REGIONS – INFRASTRUCTURE

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Macedonia Bulgaria Serbia Serbia Serbia Hungary Ukraine Bosnia-Herzegovina Ukraine Romania

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Netherlands Netherlands France France Germany France Switzerland Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands

Ohrid-Struga Stara Zagora Sremska Mitrovica Vojvodina Region Municipality of Indjija South Transdanubian Region Luhansk Bear Micro-region Poltava Bucuresti – Ilfov

TOP 10 EUROPEAN REGIONS – BUSINESS FRIENDLINESS

Amsterdam Region North Holland Val De Marne Île-de-France Hesse Yvelines Greater Zurich Region Zuid-Holland West Holland Utrecht

TOP 10 EUROPEAN REGIONS – FDI STRATEGY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK Ireland France Germany UK Russia UK UK Spain Denmark

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK Netherlands Denmark Sweden Germany UK Belgium Switzerland Italy France

South East UK Dublin Region Île-de-France Nordrhein-Westfalen Scotland Central Federal District North West UK West Midlands Catalonia Copenhagen

Scotland Brabant Copenhagen Greater Stockholm Region Nordrhein-Westfalen Northern Ireland Wallonia Greater Zurich Region Tuscany Val De Marne

The Ohrid-Struga region: number one for cost effectiveness in Europe

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP 10 NORTHERN EUROPEAN REGIONS

TOP 10 SOUTHERN EUROPEAN REGIONS

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

UK Denmark Sweden UK UK UK UK UK

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Italy Italy Spain Spain Italy Spain Slovenia Portugal Greece Spain

10

Scotland Copenhagen Greater Stockholm Region Wales South East UK Northern Ireland Oxfordshire Norfolk Stoke-on-Trent and Staffordshire Sheffield City Region

UK UK

TOP 10 EASTERN EUROPEAN REGIONS

Lombardy Tuscany Catalonia Comunidad de Madrid Emilia-Romagna Aragon Pomurje Lisbon Region Attica Valencia

TOP 10 WESTERN EUROPEAN REGIONS

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Czech Republic Czech Republic Czech Republic Russia Poland Poland Romania Poland Slovakia Poland

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Germany France Netherlands Switzerland Netherlands Netherlands France Belgium Netherlands Netherlands

Pardubice Plzen Prague Central Federal District Malopolska Metropolis Silesia Bucuresti – Ilfov Wielkopolska Bratislava Masovian (Mazowieckie)

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Nordrhein-Westfalen Île-de-France Amsterdam Region Greater Zurich Region Utrecht Brabant Val De Marne Wallonia West Holland North Holland

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP NORTHERN EUROPEAN REGIONS – FDI STRATEGY

TOP 10 SOUTHERN EUROPEAN REGIONS – FDI STRATEGY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 =7 =7 =8 =8 9

UK Denmark Sweden UK UK UK Finland UK Finland UK

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Italy Italy Slovenia Serbia Italy Macedonia Spain Bosnia-Herzegovina Croatia Croatia

10

Scotland Copenhagen Greater Stockholm Region Northern Ireland Bristol and Bath Sheffield City Region Kainuu Region Oxfordshire Seinäjoki Wales Stoke-on-Trent and Staffordshire Isle of Man

Tuscany Lombardy Pomurje Vojvodina Emilia-Romagna Ohrid-Struga Aragon Herzegovina Split-Dalmatia County Koprivnica Krizevci

UK UK

TOP 10 EASTERN EUROPEAN REGIONS – FDI STRATEGY

TOP 10 WESTERN EUROPEAN REGIONS – FDI STRATEGY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Czech Republic Poland Czech Republic Ukraine Poland Poland Poland Poland Ukraine Bulgaria

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Netherlands Germany Belgium Switzerland France Netherlands Netherlands France Netherlands France

Plzen Malopolska Pardubice Kharkiv Opolskie Metropolis Silesia Wielkopolska Zabkowice-Slaskie Transcarpathia Stara Zagora

Brabant Nordrhein-Westfalen Wallonia Greater Zurich Region Val De Marne Utrecht West Holland Île-de-France Amsterdam Region Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur

TOP 10 UK LOCAL ENTERPRISE PARTNERSHIPS – FDI STRATEGY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3

UK UK

4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Sheffield City Region Oxfordshire Stoke-on-Trent and Staffordshire Northamptonshire Liverpool City Region Dorset Cheshire and Warrington Coast to Capital Worcestershire Black Country

UK UK UK UK UK UK UK UK

Tuscany ranks top southern European region for FDI Strategy

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP 10 LARGE EUROPEAN REGIONS – OVERALL

TOP 10 LARGE EUROPEAN REGIONS – ECONOMIC POTENTIAL

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Germany UK France UK Italy Germany Germany Spain Germany Spain

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Germany Germany UK France Germany Russia Germany Italy UK Germany

Nordrhein-Westfalen Scotland Île-de-France South East UK Lombardy Bavaria Hesse Catalonia Baden-Wurttemberg Comunidad de Madrid

TOP 10 LARGE EUROPEAN REGIONS – HUMAN CAPITAL AND LIFESTYLE

Baden-Wurttemberg Nordrhein-Westfalen South East UK Île-de-France Bavaria Central Federal District Hesse Lombardy Scotland Lower Saxony

TOP 10 LARGE EUROPEAN REGIONS – COST EFFECTIVENESS

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK Germany UK Spain UK France Spain UK Germany Germany

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Poland Poland Hungary Poland Poland Spain UK Spain UK Spain

South East UK Nordrhein-Westfalen South West UK Madrid Scotland Île-de-France Catalonia East of England Bavaria Hesse

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Metropolis Silesia Silesian (Slaskie) Great Plain and North Katowice Masovian (Mazowieckie) Valencia East Midlands Andalucia Yorkshire and Humberside Catalonia

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP 10 LARGE EUROPEAN REGIONS – INFRASTRUCTURE

TOP 10 LARGE EUROPEAN REGIONS – BUSINESS FRIENDLINESS

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

France Germany Belgium Germany Germany Spain Germany Spain UK Germany

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

UK France Germany UK Russia UK UK Spain Italy Spain

Île-de-France Hesse Flanders Bavaria Nordrhein-Westfalen Catalonia Baden-Wurttemberg Madrid South East UK Lower Saxony

South East UK Île-de-France Nordrhein-Westfalen Scotland Central Federal District North West UK West Midlands Catalonia Lombardy Comunidad de Madrid

TOP LARGE EUROPEAN REGIONS – FDI STRATEGY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6

UK Germany Italy France Italy Poland

Scotland Nordrhein-Westfalen Lombardy Île-de-France Emilia-Romagna Metropolis Silesia

Note: List restricted due to shortage of suitable entries. Fertile: Nordrhein-Westfalen, home to the city of Dusseldorf, tops the overall regions ranking for European Region of the Future 2014/2015

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP MID-SIZED EUROPEAN REGIONS – OVERALL

TOP 10 MID-SIZED EUROPEAN REGIONS – ECONOMIC POTENTIAL

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 =9 =9 10

Sweden Netherlands Netherlands UK UK Belgium Netherlands UK UK Netherlands Italy

1 2 3 4

Sweden Netherlands Netherlands

Greater Stockholm Region Amsterdam Region Brabant Wales Northern Ireland Wallonia West Holland Sheffield City Region Liverpool City Region North Holland Tuscany

TOP 10 MID-SIZED EUROPEAN REGIONS – HUMAN CAPITAL AND LIFESTYLE

5 6 7 8 9 10

Greater Stockholm Region Brabant Amsterdam Region Greater Birmingham and Solihull Thames Valley North Holland Zuid-Holland Bucuresti – Ilfov Rheinland-Pfalz Region Wien

TOP 10 MID-SIZED EUROPEAN REGIONS – COST EFFECTIVENESS

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Sweden Netherlands Austria Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands UK UK UK UK

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Greater Stockholm Region Zuid-Holland Wien Amsterdam Region North Holland Brabant Thames Valley Wales South East UK South of London/Sussex

TOP 10 MID-SIZED EUROPEAN REGIONS – INFRASTRUCTURE

UK UK Netherlands Netherlands Romania Germany Austria

COUNTRY

Vojvodina Region Serbia Luhansk Ukraine Bucuresti – Ilfov Romania Herzegovina Bosnia-Herzegovina Zaporizhia Ukraine Lviv Ukraine Lower Silesian (Dolnoslaskie) Poland Greater Poland (Wielkopolskie) Poland Wielkopolska Poland Lesser Poland (Malopolskie) Poland

TOP 10 MID-SIZED EUROPEAN REGIONS – BUSINESS FRIENDLINESS

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands Germany France France Belgium Sweden

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Czech Republic Netherlands Sweden Romania Netherlands UK Netherlands UK Austria UK

Amsterdam Region North Holland Zuid-Holland West Holland Brabant Rheinland-Pfalz Bretagne Provence-Alpes-Cote d’Azur Wallonia Greater Stockholm Region

Prague North Holland Greater Stockholm Region Bucuresti – Ilfov Amsterdam Region Wales Zuid-Holland North East UK Wien Northern Ireland

TOP MID-SIZED EUROPEAN REGIONS – FDI STRATEGY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 =10 =10

Netherlands Sweden UK Belgium Italy UK UK Netherlands Netherlands UK Poland

Brabant Greater Stockholm Region Northern Ireland Wallonia Tuscany Sheffield City Region Wales West Holland Amsterdam Region Liverpool City Region Malopolska

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REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN REGIONS – OVERALL

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN REGIONS – ECONOMIC POTENTIAL

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Denmark UK Switzerland Netherlands France UK UK

1 2 3 4 5

Switzerland Denmark Switzerland Ireland

9 10

Copenhagen Bristol and Bath Greater Zurich Region Utrecht Val De Marne Oxfordshire Norfolk Stoke-on-Trent and Staffordshire Isle of Man Dorset

UK UK UK

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN REGIONS – HUMAN CAPITAL AND LIFESTYLE

6 7 8 9 10

Greater Zurich Region Copenhagen Geneva (Canton) Dublin Region Greater Cambridge and Greater Peterborough Luxembourg Region Stoke-on-Trent and Staffordshire Utrecht Brussels Capital Region West of England

UK Luxembourg UK Netherlands Belgium UK

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN REGIONS – COST EFFECTIVENESS

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Greece UK Russia Denmark Switzerland Sweden Germany Belgium UK UK

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Macedonia Bulgaria Serbia Serbia Hungary Bosnia-Herzegovina Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine

Attica Isle of Man Ust-Labinsk Copenhagen Greater Zurich Region Vasterbotten Landkreis Wurzburg Brussels Capital Region Flintshire Oxfordshire

Ohrid-Struga Stara Zagora Sremska Mitrovica Municipality of Indjija South Transdanubian Region Bear Micro-region Poltava Transcarpathia Shumsk Ternopil

The Greater Zurich Region ranks first for economic potential of all the small regions in Europe

70

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February/March 2014


REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN REGIONS – INFRASTRUCTURE

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN REGIONS – BUSINESS FRIENDLINESS

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

France France Switzerland Netherlands Luxembourg UK Germany Switzerland Netherlands Denmark

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Ireland Denmark Belgium UK Netherlands Ireland Slovakia Switzerland Switzerland UK

Val De Marne Yvelines Greater Zurich Region Utrecht Luxembourg Region Lancashire Landkreis Wurzburg Geneva (Canton) Limburg Region Copenhagen

Dublin Region Copenhagen Brussels Capital Region Norfolk Utrecht West Ireland Bratislava Greater Zurich Region Geneva (Canton) Hampshire

TOP 10 SMALL EUROPEAN REGIONS – FDI STRATEGY

RANK REGION

COUNTRY

1 2 3 4 5 6

Denmark Switzerland France UK UK

7 8 9 10

Copenhagen Greater Zurich Region Val De Marne Bristol & Bath Oxfordshire Stoke-on-Trent and Staffordshire Isle of Man Hampshire Utrecht Northamptonshire

UK UK UK Netherlands UK

POPULATION CATEGORIES

For the 2014/15 ranking, fDi introduced new population category parameters. To categorise cities, fDi took into account both the population of the immediate city area and that of the metropolitan area. In addition, where locations were in the large or major categories, we took into consideration the location’s receipt of FDI as a percentage of the country’s overall total. City size categories Major cities: The cities in this category had an immediate city population of more than 750,000 plus a metropolitan area population of more than 2 million, or a metropolitan area population of more than 4 million. Large cities: This category included those cities with an immediate city population of more than 500,000 plus a metropolitan area of more than 1 million, or a metropolitan area of more than 2 million people. Mid-sized cities: The cities in this category had an immediate city popula-

February/March 2014

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tion of more than 200,000 plus a metropolitan area population of more than 750,000, or an immediate city population of more than 350,000. Small cities: Cities categorised as small had an immediate city population of between 100,000 and 350,000. Micro cities: Micro cities had an immediate city population of fewer than 100,000. City FDI parameters Where a capital city was not considered as a major city by population, we looked at its inward FDI figures. Any capital city not considered as major by population that received more than 35% of its country’s FDI was upgraded to the major category, where its country had more than 55 projects for the previous two years’ complete data, in this case 2011 and 2012. For example, by population, Copenhagen was considered a large city in the 2013 classifications. However, it received 23 of Denmark’s 60 projects from 2011 and 2012, or 38%. Because Denmark’s figure was more than 55, and Copenhagen

received more than 35% of that, it was moved from large to major. We only took into consideration capital cities here. In addition, we looked at the FDI stats for any non-capital cities that were classified as major in 2013 due to their population figures. In this case, any non-capital city considered to be major by population must have received 10% of its country’s FDI levels using the previous two years’ full data, in this case 2011 and 2012. If the city received less than 10%, it was moved from the major category to the large category. For example, by population, Munich was considered a major city in the 2013 classifications. However, it received 106 of Germany’s 1551 projects in 2011 and 2012, or 6.8%. Because it received less than 10% of Germany’s FDI in this time, it was moved from major to large. Regional size categories Large: More than 4 million people Medium: Between 1.5 million and 4 million people Small: Fewer than 1.5 million people

73


REGIONS EUROPEAN CITIES AND REGIONS OF THE FUTURE

JUDGING PANEL DOUGLAS CLARK Director, Location Connections

LAURENT SANSOUCY Director, OCO Global

METHODOLOGY To create a shortlist for the fDi European Cities and Regions of the Future 2014/2015, the fDi Intelligence division of the Financial Times collected data using the specialist online FDI tools fDi Benchmark and fDi Markets, as well as other sources. Data was collected for 468 locations, both cities

DATA POINTS BARRIE DAVID Senior research consultant, Cushman & Wakefield LLP

MICHAL KACZMARSKI Europe editor, fDi Magazine

CATHY McREYNOLDS Senior investment analyst, fDi Intelligence

STUART MILLER Managing partner, Miller Rosenflack LLP

ECONOMIC POTENTIAL ČŠ3RSXODWLRQ ČŠ3RSXODWLRQJURZWKUDWH ČŠ8QHPSOR\PHQWUDWH ČŠ,QIODWLRQ ČŠ*'3 SXUFKDVLQJSRZHUSDULW\ (PPP) current â‚Źm) ČŠ*'3SHUFDSLWD 333FXUUHQWČĄ

ČŠ*'3IRUHFDVW ČŠ*'3SHUFDSLWDJURZWK ČŠ2XWZDUG)',-DQXDU\WR-XO\ 2013 ČŠ2XWZDUG)',SHUSHRSOH -DQXDU\WR-XO\ ČŠ,QZDUG)',-DQXDU\WR-XO\ 2013 ČŠ,QZDUG)',SHUSHRSOH -DQXDU\WR-XO\ ČŠ)',LQUHVHDUFKDQGGHYHORSPHQW and design, development and WHVWLQJ-DQXDU\WR-XO\ ČŠ)',LQPDQXIDFWXULQJ-DQXDU\ WR-XO\ ČŠ1XPEHURIPHJDSURMHFWVE\ capital expenditure (more than eP -DQXDU\WR-XO\ 2013, excluding estimates ČŠ1XPEHURIPHJDSURMHFWVE\ capital expenditure (more than ÂŁ100m) per 100,000 people, -DQXDU\WR-XO\ excluding estimates ČŠ1XPEHURIPHJDSURMHFWVE\MREV (more than 1000 jobs), January WR-XO\H[FOXGLQJ estimates ČŠ1XPEHURIPHJDSURMHFWVE\MREV (more than 1000 jobs) per SHRSOH-DQXDU\WR July 2013, excluding estimates ČŠ,QYHVWRUVLJQDOV ČŠ1XPEHURISDWHQWVWR ČŠ1XPEHURISDWHQWVSHU people, 2003 to 2012 ČŠ1XPEHURISDWHQWVWR ČŠ3HUFHQWDJHJURZWKLQQXPEHURI patents, 2003 to 2009 vs 2003 to 2012 ČŠ1RPLQDOJURZWKLQQXPEHURI patents, 2003 to 2009 vs 2003 to 2012 ČŠ&RPELQHGQRPLQDODQG percentage growth patent figures HUMAN CAPITAL AND LIFESTYLE ČŠ/DERXUIRUFHDVDSHUFHQWDJHRI the population ČŠ/LWHUDF\UDWH ČŠ6HFRQGDU\HQUROPHQWUDWH ČŠ7HUWLDU\HQUROPHQWUDWH ČŠ(GXFDWLRQH[SHQGLWXUH ČŠ1XPEHURIXQLYHUVLWLHV ČŠ1XPEHURILQWHUQDWLRQDO baccalaureate schools

74

and regions, in five categories: Economic Potential, Human Capital and Lifestyle, Cost Effectiveness, Infrastructure and Business Friendliness. In addition, surveys were collected under a sixth category, FDI Strategy, for which there were 180 submissions. In this category, locations submitted details about their strategy for promot-

ing FDI, which was then scored by fDi’s judging panel. Locations scored up to a maximum of 10 points for each datapoint, which were weighted by importance to the FDI decisionmaking process in order to compile both the subcategory rankings, as well as the overall European Cities and Regions of the Future 2014/2015 ranking.

ČŠ1XPEHURIWRSXQLYHUVLWLHV ČŠ1XPEHURIVWXGHQWV ČŠ7KLUGOHYHOVWXGHQWVDVD percentage of the population ČŠ/DERXUIRUFHZLWKWHUWLDU\ education ČŠ%UDLQGUDLQ ČŠ4XDOLW\RIOLIH ČŠ4XDOLW\RIOLIH ČŠ&KDQJHLQTXDOLW\RIOLIH ČŠ+XPDQ'HYHORSPHQW,QGH[ ČŠ1XPEHURIGRFWRUVSHU people ČŠ/LIHH[SHFWDQF\

ČŠ&RQWDLQHUWUDIILFWKURXJKORFDOSRUW (TEUs) ČŠ0RELOHSKRQHVXEVFULEHUV   per 100 people ČŠ*URZWKLQPRELOHSKRQH subscribers, 2005 vs 2011 ČŠ(QYLURQPHQWDO3HUIRUPDQFH,QGH[ 2012 ČŠ/RJLVWLFV3HUIRUPDQFH,QGH[ ČŠ1HWZRUN5HDGLQHVV,QGH[ ČŠ4XDOLW\RIRYHUDOOLQIUDVWUXFWXUH ČŠ4XDOLW\RIURDGV ČŠ4XDOLW\RIUDLOURDGLQIUDVWUXFWXUH

COST EFFECTIVENESS Ȋ$YHUDJHDQQXDOVDODU\IRUDQ unskilled worker (₏) Ȋ$YHUDJHDQQXDOVDODU\IRUDVHPL skilled worker (₏) Ȋ$YHUDJHDQQXDOVDODU\IRUDVNLOOHG worker (₏) Ȋ$QQXDOUHQWIRUSULPHJUDGH$ office space ($ per m²) Ȋ$QQXDOUHQWIRUSULPHJUDGH$ industrial space ($ per m²) Ȋ5DWHIRUDIRXURUILYHVWDUKRWHOLQ the city centre ($) Ȋ0LQLPXPZDJH ȥSHUKRXU

ČŠ&RVWRIHVWDEOLVKLQJDEXVLQHVV (absolute value using gross national income (GNI) from WDG) ČŠ&RVWRIUHJLVWHULQJDSURSHUW\ (percentage of property cost) ČŠ&RVWRIFRQVWUXFWLRQSHUPLWV (absolute value using GNI from WDG) ČŠ3HWUROSULFHV ČĄSHUOLWUH

ČŠ&RVWRIHOHFWULFLW\ ČĄSHUNLORZDWW hour) ČŠ&RVWWRH[SRUW SHUFRQWDLQHU

ČŠ&RVWWRLPSRUW SHUFRQWDLQHU

ČŠ&RUSRUDWLRQWD[UDWH ČŠ9DOXHDGGHGWD[ ČŠ7RWDOWD[UDWHSHUFHQWDJHRISURILW ČŠ&RXQWU\333H[FKDQJHUDWH INFRASTRUCTURE ČŠ8SORDGVSHHG NLORE\WHVSHU second) ČŠ'RZQORDGVSHHG NEV

ČŠ*URZWKLQLQWHUQHWXVHUV ČŠ3HUFHQWDJHRISHRSOHXVLQJWKH internet, 2011 ČŠ,QIRUPDWLRQDQG&RPPXQLFDWLRQV Technology Development Index ČŠ1XPEHURIDLUSRUWVZLWKLQ kilometres of the city ČŠ1XPEHURILQWHUQDWLRQDO destinations served ČŠ'LVWDQFHWRWKHDLUSRUWWKDW provides the majority of flights ZLWKLQDNPUDGLXVRIWKHFLW\ ČŠ6L]HRIORFDOSRUW ČŠ/LQHUVKLSSLQJFRQQHFWLYLW\LQGH[ 2012 ČŠ&DUJRYROXPHWKURXJKORFDOSRUW (tonnes)

BUSINESS FRIENDLINESS ČŠ7RWDOQXPEHURIFRPSDQLHVLQWKH high-tech manufacturing sector, 2012 ČŠ7RWDOQXPEHURIFRPSDQLHVLQWKH high-tech service sector, 2012 ČŠ7RWDOQXPEHURIFRPSDQLHVLQWKH knowledge-based sector, 2012 ČŠ3URSRUWLRQRIFRPSDQLHVLQWKH high-tech manufacturing sector, 2012 ČŠ3URSRUWLRQRIFRPSDQLHVLQWKH high-tech service sector, 2012 ČŠ3URSRUWLRQRIFRPSDQLHVLQWKH knowledge-based sector, 2012 ČŠ1XPEHURIFRPSDQLHVLQWKHKLJK tech manufacturing sector per 100,000 people ČŠ1XPEHURIFRPSDQLHVLQWKHKLJK tech service sector per 100,000 people ČŠ1XPEHURIFRPSDQLHVLQWKH knowledge-based sector per 100,000 people ČŠ1XPEHURIMREVFUHDWHGE\DOO LQZDUG)',-DQXDU\WR-XO\ 2013 ČŠ1XPEHURIMREVFUHDWHGE\DOO inward FDI, 2011 ČŠ1XPEHURIMREVFUHDWHGE\DOO Inward FDI, 2012 ČŠ*URZWKLQMREVFUHDWHGE\DOO inward FDI, 2011 vs 2012 ČŠ1XPEHURIH[SDQVLRQFRORFDWLRQ projects ČŠ7RS:RUOG%DQNV ČŠ)7*OREDOFRPSDQLHV ČŠ&RUSRUDWLRQWD[UDWH ČŠ'D\VWDNHQWRVWDUWDEXVLQHVV ČŠ)LULQJFRVWV ČŠ(DVHRI'RLQJ%XVLQHVV,QGH[ (1=most business-friendly regulations) ČŠ)LYH\HDUFXPXODWLYHFKDQJHLQ Ease of Doing Business Index ČŠ,QGH[RI(FRQRPLF)UHHGRP ČŠ&RUUXSWLRQ3HUFHSWLRQ,QGH[ ČŠ6WUHQJWKRI,QYHVWRU3URWHFWLRQ Index ČŠ&RXQWU\ULVNVFRUH ČŠ&UHGLWUDWLQJ 6WDQGDUG 3RRUČƒV

ČŠ&KDQJHLQFUHGLWUDWLQJWR 2012

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February/March 2014

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