Your Thoughts. Your Voice. Your Paper.
Volume 4, Issue 9
Recent Rash of Violence
April 6th, 2010
by Heather Wahle
by Antonio C. Valenzuela
by Margaret Haywood
Recent rash of violence on campus prompts students to question safety...
Why is the world's most durable fiber not being produced in the U.S.?
How will the Healthcare Bill affect student's bank accounts?
Letter from the Editor
Your Thoughts. Your Voice. Your Paper.
STAFF & CONTRIBUTORS Editor-In-Chief: Antonio C. Valenzuela ACVCampusConnection@yahoo.com
Assistant Editor Paige Wendt
Art Director: Angel Vasquez Angel.Ugene@gmail.com
Office Manager: Roland Fragua 303.556.8163
Copy Editors: Katherine Rice
Advertising Requests and Inquiries send to Business Manager: Britt Chester
Staff Writers: Emil M. Eckstein
Auburn Kisselman AKCampusConnection@yahoo.com
Tia Nicole Terlaje
Antonio C. Valenzuela, Editor-in-Chief
he green grass pushes through the spring snow as students return from the much needed break to dive back into the grind of homework and classes. The frantic pace of this time of year for a student can only be matched with the unpredictable weather in Denver. Most are hoping wach snow fall will be the last and anticipate the warming sun and cheer of summertime. The books beckon and studies scream down the hallways of our purposely repressed selfconsciousness… We surrender. Back to chasing the dream. Simply put, welcome to the craziest issue of the year for the 2009-2010 Campus Connection: The Green Issue. The Medical Marijuana industry is exploding around us and one would have to be living in a cave without 3G coverage to not take notice. Supporters of the decriminalization of cannabis will soon occupy Civic Center Park in the thousands for the 4/20 Medical Marijuana fest. Regardless of position, Colorado tax payers will want to pay attention to the developments in the expanding business.
“A green world with possibilities” EDITORIAL
We see the signs, we watch the shows, the documentaries and read the articles about the green industry of renewable energy; wind, solar, hydro, bio-fuels, and geothermal are topics heavy on the list of state legislators on both sides of the isle. Groups like Environment Colorado, and on campus advocates like CoPIRG, have devoted people and resources all over the state to cleaning up the ecosystem, stopping pollution, and promoting more recycling. The inevitable affect of climate change, corporate pollution, and the protection of fresh drinking water are also other green issues. In other news, have you seen Stevie Wonder’s new house???... Neither has he. Throw in a little late April Fool’s and we have one crazy issue. So things in this issue may seem out of order but we will continue to claim it was all planned. Plan ahead for finals so you’re not the one looking like an April fool. Until next issue… same bat time, same bat channel.
Paige Wednt, Assistant Editor
spoke a lot in my past letters about challenging yourself; challenging you to not judge too quickly, to make a strong effort to change our government, our political world. I decided it would only be fitting to present to you another challenge. Our world is in constant turmoil and the idea of world peace is unrealistic now in our lifetime. We cannot possibly venture out in to the world with the hope that we will change everything and that all the countries will be holding hands and singing "Kumbaya". We can, however, begin to make a change. I imagine it is overwhelming to think of all the things that need fixing in this country alone. When we begin to think of how to help the entire globe, it is staggering. We can hope that if we all do a million things at once we can make our world a better place. Reality check. We are human and I’m sure we all know that our lives are hectic enough without trying to save the entire world. Here is my challenge to you:
Make a difference. However you can, whether it’s informing people about a new sustainable business, recycling your soda cans or lowering your heat in the winter. It does not matter what you choose. Just one thing that you can change about your lifestyle to start a change in our world. Maybe you can be an inspiration to someone else to change. Whatever your choice, make it and follow through. There are approximately six billion, six hundred and ninety two million, thirty thousand, and two hundred seventy-seven people on our planet. That’s over six billion people capable of making a change. It’s easy to get lost in this number and decide that just one person who does not act won’t make that big of a difference. Imagine if 6 billion people decided to act, decided that they wanted to make a change We could soon be singing "Kumbaya" and roasting marshmallows around one giant campfire.
On the Cover:
Behind the package:
Photographer: Brandon Keen BKeenCampusConnection@Yahoo.com
Faculty Adviser: Kristi Strother
CCD Journalism Department email@example.com
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Comments, Suggestions, Story Ideas:
IdeasCampusConnection@yahoo. com or call 303.556.8163 Campus Connection welcomes and encourages Letters to the Editor.
Campus Connection does not reﬂect the views of the Community College of Denver. This is a student run newspaper.
Natural Life Sweetener
A cup of cloy, digital photo by Angel Vasquez
Sweet'n High packaging was created by Angel Vasquez to represent how people use medical marijuana to sweeten their life. Inspired by Sweet'n Low.
The Switchboard Psi-beta................................................................. 4
Intersection Society @ Botanical Gardens................................ 6 Nerve Oil companies............................................................... 9 District Firemen................................................................
Rocky mountain high..................…...................
The Last Word
Campus Campus Connection Connection
Psi Beta @ CCD In an effort combining opportunity to gain experience in the research process from start to finish and perform a service to the college and community, Psi Beta @ CCD students are launching a unique project on campus. They will be gathering data about the size and nature of homelessness and housing problems affecting student success at CCD. I am sure that you have heard stories or been aware of students struggling with such obstacles as homelessness or violence in their homes. Our (Psi Beta National Honor Society in Psychology) proposal to gather this data has been approved by the college.
Members of the Psi Beta Research Team, wearing identifying badges will survey students with an anonymous survey. Research teams have been trained in how to properly and ethically conduct the survey. All students will receive a resource card appropriate to the issues in the survey. Psi Beta is forming a coalition of those working towards addressing the housing challenges that impact student success and retention. Without actual data to describe the extent and nature of the problems, we can’t determine the best way to meet student need and we can’t justify requests for resources or grants. The data we gather will not just sit on a shelf. CCD Student Life, Denver’s Road Home and the Colorado Coalition for the Homeless are among those who will participate, make recommendations and help us follow up on them. Thank You Alexandra Vitervo, a President Maria Ragusa, Event Coordinator Diana Joy, Psi Beta Advisor
COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF DENVER
INSTITUTE 2010 Course Offerings Courses offered throughout the year, you can join anytime!
• Traditional Chinese Medicine & Acupuncture • Chinese Language for Beginners • Chinese Language for Travel • FREE Tai Chi drop in classes
Tuesdays from Noon – 1 p.m. in St. Francis Center Atrium at 1030 St. Francis Way
For more information: visit www.ccd.edu/ConfuciusInstitute or
contact Angela Yang at 303-352-6917 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
April 7, 2010 Future of Denver* Tivoli, Multicultural Lounge 1:00p.m.-2:00p.m. The Mile High City has been hailed as one of the best places to live, but with lots of new people moving in, Denver is having to undergo a great deal of changes. This series discusses and examines these changes and what it means for the Denver we have come to know and love. This part is all about how buildings and the overall design of the city are becoming more “green”. We will also be discussing what you can expect in terms of architectural design. April 7, 2010 Connect Your Interests to Careers and Majors South Classroom 101 12:00p.m.-1:00p.m. What makes an ideal academic major or career? Simple— the one that interests you the most! There are ways to narrow down the wide variety of academic majors at CCD to the one that best matches your career interests. This workshop will give you strategies for finding the best major and career fit for you. If you’re “undecided” about a major or career, this program is for YOU! April 8, 2010 Robert Hastings* Tivoli, Turnhalle 1:00pm-2:00p.m. Robert Hastings is a noted UFO researcher and lecturer who has interviewed nearly a hundred U.S. Air Force veterans who were involved in nuclear weapons-related UFO incidents. Robert has interviewed retired military personnel regarding their knowledge of nuclear weapons-related UFO activity, and has taken his findings and presented them to colleges and universities nationwide. April 8, 2010 Job Search Strategies South Classroom 108 3:00-4:00p.m. In a tight economy and job market, a job seeker needs to use all the tools at their disposal in order to find job opportunities. Do you know that only 20-30 percent of available positions are “posted” to a website or in the newspaper? How do you get access to “unposted” opportunities? By attending this workshop, you will leave with strategies for tapping into the “hidden job market” and broadening your chance for finding the ideal job to apply for. April 15-17, 2010 Vagina Monologues See Below V-day is a Global movement to stop the violence against women and girls. This year in recognition of V-Day various student organizations from the Auraria campus will be performing the Vagina Monologues. Written by Eve Ensler in 1996, The Vagina Monologues are a collection of dialogues that celebrate and honor women’s autonomy. The proceeds from this event will benefit the Phoenix Center, Auraria’s tri-institutional resources center, providing support for those dealing with interpersonal violence. Thursday April 15 is in Arts 278, (time is TBD, and it is more of a dress rehearsal) Friday April 16 is in St. Cajetan's, (time also TBD and venue:) Saturday April 17 is at Club M, adjacent to Hamburger Mary's in Denver, 7:30 p.m. For all inquires call the Office of Student Life at 303556-2597. These events are free and open to the Auraria community.
Volume 4, Issue 9 April 6, 2010
Recent reports of campus crime raises safety concerns by Heather Wahle
n less than a week, 4 crimes have occurred on and around Auraria campus. If you’re alarmed, you’re not alone. While the recent crimes have raised doubts about our safety on campus, there are several steps we can take to improve our personal safety and make our campus life as crimefree as possible. Auraria Police Department reports that the 4 recent crimes are unrelated. The first incident occurred at approximately 9:20 p.m. on Thursday, March 4. An assault and robbery was reported at Campus Village. After parking in a lot behind the Campus Village, the victim was assaulted and robbed while exiting a vehicle. The suspect fled in an unknown direction and there is no description of the suspect at this time. The Inn at Auraria was the location of another robbery and assault on the morning of Monday, March 8 at 9:45 a.m. Auraria Police dispatch monitored a 9-1-1 call from the Denver Police department. Two Metro State students, both residents at the Inn of Auraria, reported an invasion, robbery and assault. Both victims suffered stab wounds when two suspects entered their dorm room. The students were seen at Denver Health medical center and their conditions are unknown. The suspects fled The Inn; however, their descriptions were used to capture the suspects at Speer and Champa. An Auraria police officer made the arrest and the two were transported to Denver County jail. On Monday March 8, a second crime was reported occurring on Auraria campus. At approximately 3:20 p.m., a female student was walking on the sidewalk at 7th and Lawrence. The student was grabbed from behind by her arm by an unknown suspect who attempted to steal her purse. The victim held the purse in her hand and a struggle for the item ensued, ending with the suspect punching the student and fleeing. The suspect is described as a 5’10” – 6’2” tall white male, 25-30 years old. The suspect has dark black hair, dark eyes, a red complexion and a skinny to medium build. Auraria Police Department is currently investigating this crime. On Wednesday, March 10, at approximately 9:20 P.M., an Auraria Campus student and friend were assaulted and robbed at the Circle K store located across campus on West Colfax Avenue. The two victims left the Colfax light rail station after class and were confronted verbally with two suspects. The suspects followed the victims and continued to rob them with a knife outside of the Circle K convenience store. During the robbery, both victims were assaulted with brass knuckles. The suspects fled on Colfax after collecting money and property from the victims. Both victims sustained minor injuries
and refused care from Denver Health paramedics. The first suspect has been described as a 5 foot 8 inches tall Hispanic male. He was wearing a gray hooded sweatshirt and blue jeans and carrying a gray butterfly knife. The second suspect is described as a Hispanic male, 5 foot 11 inches tall. He was wearing a black hooded sweatshirt and blue jeans with a black baseball cap with flat brim. The second suspect carried brass knuckles. The Auraria Police Department is staffed 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. APD has 24 sworn officers on duty. There are also six security officers on staff. There is an ongoing relationship with the Denver Police department to ensure safety. Housing staff at Campus Village has increased their security officers on duty due to the recent incident. The Inn @ Auraria also reports increased security measures. Staff now controls access to the building strictly through the front door, guests must sign in, and security officers are staffed 24/7. There are several tips to keep in mind to keep you as safe as possible while on and off campus. The first important thing to remember in order to keep yourself safe is to look around and pay attention to what is going on around you. Instead of being preoccupied by cellphone conversations, texting, or listening to iPods, take time to be aware of your surroundings. Keep bags and purses closed and close to you at all times, with personal property hidden from view. Visible laptops and other expensive items can be motivation for a robbery. Try to avoid dark parking lots and alleyways. Use well-lit areas for commuting whenever possible. It’s also a good idea to travel in groups when you can. There is safety in numbers, and even a group of two is less likely to be targeted than just one person. If you are traveling on campus alone, consider using an escort to get from one destination to another. Night Rider Escort Service is available to all campus locations. The Parking and Transportation Department offers this service to accompany all persons on campus. Nightrider is available from 7 A.M.-10 p.m. To use this service, call 303-5562000. Auraria Police Department provides escorts when Nightrider is unavailable. Victims of assault go through a variety of emotions. Victims are likely to first suffer from shock and denial and after that fades they can experience grief, depression and even feelings of helplessness.
There are resources available to help victims and those that are suffering from fear of their personal safety due to the recent criminal activity. Any CCD student seeking help can contact Claire Polsky, CCD Counseler, at 303-352-3199. The Auraria Police Department urges everyone to be aware of their surroundings and use caution when meeting individuals they do not know. Auraria police also urges any suspicious activity or persons be reported immediately. If you have any information on any of these crimes please contact the Auraria Police Department at 303-556-5000, or in person at 1201 5th St. Administration Building, Room 110. Anonymous tips can be made through the comments line at 303-556-2677. Anyone with information is encouraged to step forward in order to keep everyone on campus safe. If you are the victim of a crime or have witnessed anything suspicious, please contact the Auraria Police Department immediately from any campus phone by dialing 9-11 or calling 303-556-5000 on your
cell phone. There are emergency telephones that can be identified by their blue lights located in parking lots and throughout campus. These telephones are available to report incidents and suspicious individuals directly to the Auraria Police Department. If you can’t always check your campus email, or just want to stay informed, you can always be informed through your cell phone. In order to receive Auraria Campus emergency alerts on your cell phone register online at your school’s website. Stay alert and pay attention to your surroundings. Be cautious with property and always report any suspicious activity. Don’t hesitate to use services such as Nightrider for escorts on campus. Travel in well-lit areas and in groups. Seek out counseling services if you are suffering as a result to these crimes. The recent crimes have given us all a harsh reality check. It’s more important than ever to do all that you can to mainain your personal safety.
Campus Campus Connection Connection
by Tia Nicole Terlaje
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We Are now online! Catch us on the web @ www.ccd.edu/campusconnection
Spoon Ogden Theatre 8p.m.
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Cassette 80’s Rockbar 9p.m.
Dada Life Beta 9p.m.
11 Goth Night The Church 9p.m.
12 Starving Mondays Lime 7p.m.
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14 OK Go! Bluebird Theater 8p.m.
15 Beat The Clock Funky Buddha 9p.m.
16 Moe. Fillmore Auditorium 6:30p.m.
Bonobo Ogden Theatre 9p.m.
18 Jennifer Knapp & Derek Webb Bluebird Theater 7:30p.m.
19 BB King The Buell Theater 8p.m.
20 US Air Guitar Bluebird Theater 8p.m.
21 Flavor Wednesdays Tryst 9p.m.
22 Ani DiFranco Ogden Theatre 8p.m.
23 Lipgloss La Rumba 9p.m.
Rob Mullins Quartet Dazzle 7p.m.
25 The Clam Daddys Appaloosa Grill 9p.m.
26 Sublime Fillmore Auditorium 7:30p.m.
27 First School of Funk Jazz Jack’s 8:30p.m.
Kirstin Kemnoistrbby e
to redefine rural health care
I came to UCCS for a lot of reasons: my sisters are alums, you aren’t just a number, and it’s exciting being part of a changing and growing campus. Little did I know UCCS would help me find my true calling. During my freshman and sophomore years two professors opened my eyes to the wonders of chemistry and biology. The unique opportunities at UCCS have given me an edge for applying to medical school.
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Volume 4, Issue 9 April 6, 2010
Spring blooms at the botanic gardens By Heather Wahle
elebrate spring by taking a moment to stop and smell the flowers. Gazing at beautiful blooming flowers and soaking up sunshine can be a lovely way to spend an afternoon. With its recent renovations, and more yet to come, now is the right time to discover Denver Botanic Gardens. In the wintertime, The Botanic Gardens is peaceful. Visitors come to wander through the Boettcher Memorial Tropical Conservatory, where you can discover life budding year-round. Patrons also walk the quiet gardens in off season. Year-round art exhibits, classes and lectures are held at the Gardens. Holiday light shows include the popular, “Blossoms of Light,” at York Street. Attendance drops in the winter, allowing visitors to experience a break from the crowds. Spring has sprung at the Denver Botanic Gardens. More people start coming to the Gardens mid-April, and they keep coming back until October. Peak attendance is during the summer months, when the new flowers bloom every week. Some of the earliest spring bulbs, like the crocus and reticulated iris start to bloom in March. In April, visitors in the Gardens have much to look forward to. Flowering trees, lilacs, and of course tulips will be a feast for the eyes. In May, the blooms continue to delight the senses. The Denver Botanic Gardens is growing in other ways besides the greenery. Recent renovation projects have included expansion and revamping of the York Street location. On July 17th, the Gardens opened their doors to a new entrance and visitor’s center. A new welcome garden is planned to be added to south of the center. A three story parking structure has been constructed. You will soon be able to experience the Denver Botanic Gardens even in your parking space. A living wall of the new parking deck and a new garden called Streetscapes and Colorado Garden Show Promenade Gardens is currently in construction. To further extend the Denver Botanic Gardens, four new gardens are being constructed. Included in the addition is a three-acre Mordecai Children’s Garden. Located on the upper northern portion of the parking facility, the Children’s Garden encourages kids to have fun and play while they are learning. If you want to catch a bite to eat while enjoying the garden you can check out the new bistro, “Offshoots at the Gardens.” An additional restaurant is in the works. There are even more changes the Gardens will see in the upcoming years. Long term renovation goals include the addition of a Science Pyramid and Education Pavilion. Improvements will be made to the Boettcher Memorial Tropical
Conservatory, Helen Fowler Library and Herbarium. All phases of the Garden’s Master Development Plan are scheduled to be completed by 2015. The Denver Botanic Gardens will be making some big changes, with a big dent to their pocketbook. The entire development plan is expected to cost $76.5 million. These funds are being raised by private and public grants. Foundations, corporations, individuals, and the Scientific and Cultural Facilities District all make donations to the Gardens. Fundraising for the first two of the four phases is almost complete. The Denver Botanic Gardens has already raised approximately $50 million. The first phase included Americans with Disability Act enhancements, system public safety and irrigation. The York Street Greenhouse Complex was also a part of Phase 1. The second phase includes the parking complex and gardens within, Lainie’s Cutting Garden and The Darleen Radichel Plant Select Garden. Also Phase 2 includes the Children’s Garden, the new Community Garden, The Green (to be built north of the Waring House) new improvements to the Cheeseman Gate and a Bonsai Pavilion and Tea Garden. The Denver Botanic Gardens is the 6th largest botanic garden in the US. There are over 400 Botanic Gardens nationwide and only seventeen, with Denver being included, that are accredited to the American Association of Museums. Being accredited demonstrates a strict commitment to education, governance, transparency and accountability. Out of nearly 17,500 museums in the US, only 776 are currently accredited. The Gardens offers educational programs, scientific research, collections and exhibits, and of course the gardens themselves that are focused on native and non-native plants that grow in the Rocky Mountain region. Combined, these programs are attended by more than 500,000 visitors and 19,000 members every year. With that many people taking a tour of the Gardens, the Gardens improvements will sure to be used and enjoyed by everyone in the community. The Denver Botanic Gardens is located at 1005 York Street in the Capital Hill neighborhood of Denver. Students with their i.d. are admitted for $8.00. The next free day is April 22, from 9 a.m4 p.m. For more information on the Gardens please call the general information line at 720865-3500, or the information desk at 720-8653713. You can also reference the website at www. botanicgardens.org.
Hate Speech or Humor? First Amendment Right or Displaced Hate? Tell us what you think?
Campusconnectionmailbox@ yahoo.com Students conducted a meeting in response to what they felt were derogatory, racist, sexist, and slanderous content in the April 1st (April Fool’s Day) issue of University of Denver’s newspaper the Advocate.
Photo by Antonio C. Valenzuela
Photo by Antonio C. Valenzuela
Cooking up a high at the ganja gourmet by Tia Terlage
edical Marijuana. It seems to be everywhere. It’s extremely controversial. Above all, it is perfectly legal in our beautiful state of Colorado. With dispensaries popping up everywhere, you may have thought to yourself, “What’s the differencethe name?!” or “Who cares!?” Believe it or not, patients are shopping for their medicine as they would with their groceries. Price, quality, and variety are among the top things patients are looking for in their dispensary of choice. Even more importantly, respect and privacy are equally valued by both patients and dispensary staff. There is one establishment that offers all of that... and a menu of food. Located on the corner of Louisiana and South Broadway, Ganja Gourmet offers its patients
a variety of strains and has been expanding its popular food menu of entrees and desserts. “Our food is so great, you need a license to eat it!!!” is the slogan at this ever-growing medical center. Since Steve Horowitz started his company last November, almost every media outlet has come to feature this unique dispensary on its website or publication. Even Jay Leno joked about the restaurant calling it “more accessible” and how the pizza is like “killing two birds with one stone” on the widely popular The Tonight Show. Self-proclaimed as “America’s First MMJ Restaurant,” Ganja Gourmet is open daily to offer its patients more than just pizza. With appropriately named entrees such as LaGanja (lasagna) and Ganjalaya (jambalaya), this restaurant is on a mission to become world
renowned for their delicious homemade edibles. They also offer a full selection of various candies, pastries and desserts. There are even special choices for their vegan and diabetic patients. But there is more to this place than just food. It’s the atmosphere. With art covering almost every wall in the rooms and the soothing sounds of Sade on the stereo, there is no wonder why potential patients come from all over the state to experience the good energy they have heard about. Whether someone feels like relaxing with their feet up and reading a magazine or playing a game of dominoes while watching ESPN, this dispensary provides a very discrete and soothing atmosphere that every patient needs. Just like your school, financial aid is offered to those in need.
The Human Body: inside and out by Britt Chester
Have you ever seen a nine week old fetus in a glass jar? This and other perfectly preserved humans and organs are on display right now at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, thanks to the intensive process of plastination made possible by Gunther von Hagens hard work. The Body Worlds exhibit is back in Denver celebrating the motor we all have in our chests with its latest installment: The Story of the Heart. The exhibit showcases just how the heart is used and how it accompanies all aspects of the human body. With intricate detail and clear and concise descriptions, the more than 200 organs, bones and nervous systems on display explain how the heart is the most vital motor pumping blood through our bodies. Gunther von Hagens is the acclaimed anatomist behind the
process of plastination, a process he conceived in 1977 while working at the University of Heidelberg in Germany. He holds the patents on the idea and is in fact the first person to ever do something like this. The word plastination was introduced to the medical world by von Hagens when he developed the process of human body preservation. The exhibit in Denver right now walks you through the human body, starting at the heart. With clear pictures and actual human organs in the display cases, The Story of the Heart explains what exactly our heart does and how it works. From the development of red blood cells in the bone marrow to the journey they take through the cardiovascular system, the exhibit shows in grotesque detail just what is happening in our bodies. By using diseased and damaged organs, patrons are able to see the harmful
effects of smoking cigarettes, the positive impact exercise has on the body, how much blood travels around the human body and finally what is actually happening in our bodies when we stretch, exercise, and sit. By utilizing his plastination process, von Hagens is able to preserve certain parts of the human body that were never viewable to the public. His process revolves around the use of plastics being injected in the body to preserve the shape, size and color then the subject is placed in a gas chamber to prevent oxygen from damaging the process. He takes “slices” of the human brain, ankles, hands, and even a vertical “slice” of an obese person and a healthy person to show the difference in fat accumulation around the organs. The full body plastinates on display are fixed in certain poses to exaggerate what is happening
when the body is worked that way. The Story of the Heart exhibit showcases hockey players, figure skaters, trapeze artists and the full layout of the central nervous system that remains so perfectly intact it looks like a human body covered in red lace. By placing the bodies in the athletic poses, viewers are able to relate with the displays by placing themselves in those positions to feel how the muscles are expanding, contracting and just how they are being used. The Body Worlds: The Story of the Heart exhibit will remain on display until July 18th at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science. Ticket prices for adults are $25.50 and $16.00 if you are under the age of 18. For more information on how to experience this amazing opportunity, log onto the museum’s website by going to www.dmns.org or by visiting www.bodyworlds.com for more information on Gunther von Hagens and his acclaimed work.
Photo by Britt Chester
Photo by Britt Chester
Volume 4, Issue 9 April 6, 2010
Photo by Britt Chester
by Tia Terlage
Photo by Britt Chester
I could tell they value their patients’ privacy and many were eager to answer any questions I had. Every lobby was inviting, with plants that resembled the product, comfortable couches, beautiful décor, and an atmosphere that created a very intimate feel, as though you were about to have the best massage of your life (many of them offer those too!). So if you possess what you need to get what you need, you might want to bring some green and journey down the green mile.
Photo by Antonio C. Valenzuela
ou would think that with the massive road construction commencing on south Broadway would cause businesses to slow, or even worse, shut down. But there is one particular industry that has done the exact opposite: the medical marijuana industry. There are an increasing number of dispensaries that are going into business in the many vacant properties available on this historic street. This has earned south Broadway’s reference title to patients as “The Green Mile.” Appropriately named Broadway Wellness starts things off on the corner of Louisiana Avenue and streaming as far south on Wesley Avenue is the location of Colorado Alternative Medicine. There are many establishments with similar names which make you wonder, “Is that a chiropractor’s office or an herbal day spa?” Actually, if you observe closely, there are at least eight more dispensaries that can be seen just from driving distance on both sides of the road including the infamous Ganja Gourmet off Colorado Boulevard. I had the privilege of visiting most of these dispensaries and was quite impressed of the level of professionalism that all the staff members possessed. Just by talking to these individuals,
by Antonio C. Valenzuela he historic east side of Denver is the oldest part of the town, so for this section we will use it to represent the oldest part of the marijuana industry: the black market. The theory passed off by advocates of the medical marijuana industry is that by making weed far less clandestine and more accessible, it will lower the sales rate of the completely unregulated black market. Due to studies in the Netherlands, where cannabis was made available for sales in coffee shops, the claim is that it severely hurt black market sales. One argument being thrown into the realm of conversation is that when people
by Valerie Medina
them to have a sense of independence. Some of these patients have been tolerant on pharmaceutical drugs and having the alternate medicine of medical marijuana is safe alternative. There are some negative affects of the MMDs as some individuals are abusing the intent of having MMDs as an option. Another negative is that local banks are not accepting money from these local dispensaries. Many individuals in this business are responsible for keeping their money safe and are not sure why their money is not accepted. Many are asking that 1930s laws should be revised according to the present time. It is obvious that the MMD industry in North Denver offers a great amount of benefits to the community. This alternative medication being accessible to many has a positive affect that really outweighs the bad.
Photo Courtesy by Spirit-builders.com
by Margaret Haywood
Photo by Angel Vasquez
any of the small businesses owners and residents of the historic Highlands neighborhood of North Denver are becoming very familiar with Medical Marijuana Dispensaries (MMD). When driving through the neighborhood you may see MMDs advertised as herbal remedy and wellness centers, alternative medicine or, in some cases, a “Farmacy.” Through all the economic issues that Denver has experienced the last couple of years, many are debating if the MMD industry will help Denver’s economy rise from recession. With the sudden boom of this industry many are wondering what the affects are on the economy and society. As the doors are opening, many of the unemployed are able to obtain employment. Some MMDs offer additional services that create new jobs for those who have been unemployed and need additional income, or in some situations a job change. Dispensaries offer a variety of cannabis strains, edibles, doctor referrals, evaluations, and some offer chiropractic services free of charge. Many of these North Denver MMD patients are finding that having a dispensary in their neighborhood is convenient, hassle-free, and it allows
buy from street dealers they don’t really know what they are getting. Because there are two specifically different kinds of cannabis, Sativa or Indica, when buying from a street dealer you will be left out in the dark most times about the specific kind you are getting. The theory is that by regulating the product people will know what they are buying. Also, since Colorado allows for each patient to grow up to six plants, some say that will deter patients from black market sales. Advocates claim that most patients will turn to the dispensaries for their plants and edibles. Colorado Attorney General John Suthers, who some have dubbed the “Dinosaur Drug Warrior,” claims that the vote of Amendment 20 does not have the verbiage to allow for dispensaries—at least in the wave they are coming in now. Suthers said that “Voters approved Amendment 20 with a very limited patient-caregiver scheme… They ought to have a crack on the ballot at deciding about dispensaries. We shouldn’t move to a dispensary system without voter approval.” Mr. Suthers, did the prohibition of alcohol result in more or less clandestine alcohol sales? Just food for thought.
s global warming and renewable energy debates and theories continue to circle politically, individuals started taking action, doing their part to shrink their environmental footprint. There are the reusable grocery bags, and hybrid cars, and going organic. Another alternative is in the home. Spirit Builders is a general contracting company based in Denver. Their mission is “To build beautifully crafted homes that incorporate energy efficient building systems and healthy indoor environments while making the process enjoyable, creative and fulfilling.” Spirit Builders creates energy-efficient homes, and they aren’t just throwing some random solar panels on the roof, either. These homes are beautiful, and look as though they came straight from the pages of Better Homes & Gardens magazine.
Some improvements include better energy, water, heating and cooling, and waste management systems. Additionally, to ensure these systems have maximum impact, they work with local governments to integrate them with other homes and developments within your community. After all, what good would a new energy efficient water system do if it isn’t supported by the local system? I’m going to go out on a limb here and guess that most of us students aren’t in a spot financially right now to create our own new green dream home. But when we are, Spirit Builders believes everyone is entitled to a energy efficient home, and will work with you to make your home affordable, despite a minimal budget. What’s more, they are continuing education is a priority for those at Spirit Builders. By attending conferences, courses, and seminars, when you are ready to create or update your home for sustainability, they will have all the up-todate technologies as methods to do so. Whether you are looking to update your house or build the dream home your postcommunity college career has afforded you, look to Spirit Builders. Contact them at www.spirit-builders.com.
Oil companies work against renewable energy EDITORIAL
by Perla Ramirez
o you remember the last time gas was $1.25? Neither do I, and the odds are oil prices are going to get a little worse before they get better, at least until big oil companies decide they want to support renewable energy. For years now oil companies have been promising to move “beyond petroleum,” but so far all they have done is stopped their investments in solar and hydrogen power. The Obama administration wants to reduce oil consumption, increase renewable energy supplies, and cut carbon dioxide emissions in the most ambitious transformation of energy policy in a generation, but oil companies are not convinced that it will work. I’m also sure that it would be a huge decrease in the income of oil companies if we all went “green.” Although it’s good for our planet, oil companies would lose money and for the last couple years, with the increase of oil prices, they have made tons of money. It would be inconvenient for them to just throw that money in someone else’s pocket. “In my view, nothing has really changed. We don’t oppose alternative energy sources and the development of those. But to hang the future of the country’s energy on those alternatives alone belies reality of their size and scale,” said Rex W. TIllerson, the chief executive of Exxon Mobil, after
the election of President Obama. American oil companies have always been more skeptical of alternative energy than their European counterparts, and are studiously ignoring the message coming from Washington. The administration wants to spend $150 billion over the next decade to create what it calls “a clean future.” It plans to increase the nation’s energy sources by encouraging more renewables, and it would reduce oil consumption and cut carbon emissions from fossil fuels. The oil companies have claimed their interest in new forms of energy, but their actual investments say otherwise. Much of their investment has gone to traditional petroleum resources, such as carbon-intensive energy sources like tar sands and natural gas from shale, while alternative energy is only a tiny bit of their spending. In the last 15 years, the top five oil companies have spent around $5 billion to develop sources of renewable energy. They represent only 10 percent of the roughly $50 billion funneled into the clean energy sector. Considering that gas consumption has increased over the last couple of years, it seems they would have more money to give. Again, however, it would be a huge loss for oil companies. Shell, for instance, claimed they had invested $1.7 billion since 2004 on renewable energy, which is a lot if one doesn’t consider the fact that they
spent $87 billion over the same time period on oil and gas projects around the world. Last year the companies spent $31 billion on the development of fossil fuels. “Big oil companies do not consider renewable energy to be a big mainstream business. It’s a side business for them,” said Michael Eckhart, president of the American Council on Renewable Energy. Oil companies stated that renewable fuels are in need, but still are at an early stage of development, and petroleum will remain the dominant source of energy for decades to come. “We don’t oppose alternative energy sources and the development of those. But to hang the future of the country’s energy on those alternatives alone belies reality of their size and scale,” said Tillerson. Many oil companies don’t believe that the world is going green and they think that in 2050 hydrocarbons such as oil, gas, and coal will account for 80 percent of the world’s energy supply, same as today. The world consumes about 85 million barrels of oil a day. The world is changing and some of us may or may not believe we have anything to do with. I am no expert on how to save the planet but it’s the little things that count, such as turning off your lights when not in use, walking to near places instead of driving, conserving water, and there are plenty of other things you can do to help.
A Little Income Tax Insight by Jay Cunha
he dreadful date of April 15th is upon us again- time to pay income taxes on our labor to Uncle Sam, and if you’re fortunate enough, get a refund. But why do we pay taxes on our labor? I agree to show up and give my time and labor, and in turn my employer agrees to compensate me for my work and time. Why does the government need to be involved in this transaction? What is income anyway? According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary it is “A gain or recurrent benefit usually measured in money that derives from capital or labor” or “the amount of such gain received in a period of time.” Yes, it is true that there are people who do not pay income taxes at all. They are the lucky ones who are wealthy enough to have good accountants and tax shelters to hide their money, but what about not paying taxes or filing at all? Are income taxes legal? Where are the laws that say we need to pay? The 16th amendment states that “The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several states, and without regard to any census or enumeration.” However, not everyone agrees that the 16th Amendment was ratified by the required three-fourths of the states in 1913 which would make the amendment illegal. The evidence they say proves it is very interesting. The states of Oklahoma, Missouri, and Washington amended the language in the amendment. Also, numerous other
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states voted to ratify some of the language different than was presented to them by Congress and Kentucky’s vote of approving the amendment was recorded incorrectly. If all of this is true, then the 16th Amendment would be illegal and all Americans who paid income taxes would be due a refund with interest. The IRS is one of the most powerful government agencies. They can seize your property, freeze your bank accounts and garnish your wages. If you go to battle them in court you must be fully prepared because unlike a criminal case were they must prove you are guilty, you must prove that you are not guilty of the crime the IRS is accusing you of. In other words, you must prove your innocence. There is no other type of court where you walk in guilty and must prove your innocence. So exactly how do people get themselves in trouble with the IRS? According to the IRS, most people convicted by the IRS “voluntarily” filed an income tax return. It is easy for the IRS to convict people because next to where you sign your income tax form there is a statement that says this form is “true, correct and complete.” After you sign the form it is hard to convince a jury that you made an honest mistake. Other ways people get into trouble is filing taxes constantly for years and then suddenly stopping. This sends red flags to the IRS and they can use your previous years of filing taxes and then stopping as an example that you deliberately not paying taxes.
Is the best thing to do not file taxes at all? Probably not. Although controversial, the 16th Amendment is still law and not filing taxes is illegal. Not filing is an individual choice and the consequences are serious. Plus, if the 16th amendment is proven to be illegal then you will get a huge refund someday. Filing taxes is easy. Most students and faculty (they do not make as much money as you think) meet the criteria for free federal e-filing, though state filing will require a fee. I recommend not going to the places that will give you a same-day refund. They charge high fees for that privilege of instant refund gratification. File taxes with direct deposit, and the money is typically there 7-12 days later. If you have never filed it should take you 20-90 minutes to do it. Even if you think that you did not make enough money to file it would still be a good idea because you could qualify for a refund. There are many programs to use for e-filing and there is a list on the IRS website. Make sure you have all of the forms necessary to file, such as a W-2 or 1099.
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Morning routine may save the planet by Paige Wendt
s you wake up and get ready to face the world, you may find yourself reading the daily news and enjoying a juicy orange for breakfast. According to Henry Daniell, a professor at the University of Florida, your breakfast routine could produce ethanol. Using the technique developed with funding from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Daniell hopes to pioneer a greener and less expensive method for producing ethanol. Ethanol is a volatile, highly flammable, colorless liquid that is found in alcohol and can be produced in order to create energy. It is most often derived from corn starch. The corn starch is fermented and then converted into ethanol. Although this method for producing ethanol is the most common in the United States, it is considered less efficient than other forms of producing ethanol. It uses a large amount of corn and reduces the availability of corn as a food crop. According to a study done by researchers st Cornell Iniversity and the University of California-Berkeley, it takes more fossil fuel to create ethanol using corn than the amount of ethanol that is actually produced. It takes about 29 percent more fossil fuel than ethanol fuel. However, in order to plant, grow and harvest that corn you need about 140 gallons
of fuel and costs add up to about $350 per acre. Not only is the process of making ethanol with corn inefficient, it is also extremely expensive and costing you money. Farmers across the country are getting subsidy money from our taxes to pay for tis wasteful process. The cost of this process is more than just the subsidy alone. with the use of corn to produce ethanol, the demand increases and the supply decreases; this inevitably raises the price of this food crop. this rise in the price of corn increases the cost of food in general because if you think about it, there is some form of corn in the majority of our supermarket products. During their experiments Daniell primarily used orange peels and newspapers as the waste products. He developed a cocktail of enzymes specifically matched to break down this waste into glucose. The next step in the process is fermentation, which will turn the glucose into ethanol that can then be used to power specially designed cars. It is unclear how this new form of fuel will be put to use and whether or not new cars will be made in order to use this fuel. Daniell’s team produced a combination of several enzymes that would degrade the cell wall in plants using
chloroplast transgenesis. According to Dictionary. com, transgenesis is the process of introducing an exogenous gene – called a transgene – into a living organism so that the organism will exhibit a new property and transmit that property to its offspring. This means that Daniell altered the DNA of the chloroplast to create specific enzymes. These enzymes, created from the cloned genes of wood-rotting fungi, help to break down the waste products into sugar which will eventually ferment into ethanol. Daniell’s team chose to reproduce the altered DNA of the chloroplast in tobacco plants. There are many reasons why tobacco was chosen as an ideal system for producing enzymes. It is not a food crop, and according to Green Car Congress, “an estimated 40 metric tons of biomass are produced annually in each
acre of tobacco plants”. Scientists also hope with this alternate use for tobacco may come the reduction of its use for smoking. “Producing these enzymes in tobacco instead of manufacturing synthetic versions could reduce the cost of production by a thousand times, which means the cost of making ethanol should be significantly reduced”, Daniell said. With these new developments in the production of ethanol Daniell hopes that gasoline will soon become our second and less desirable choice of fuel. With the advancements in technology and these new processes cars will be running on our waste. This could also affect the amount of waste sitting in piles all across America and would also reduce pollution and the creation of greenhouse gases.
Production conundrum by Antonio C. Valenzuela
he US is not high on the idea of introducing a major cash crop Hemp. The most durable, soft, natural fiber on the face of the planet is one of the biggest agricultural crops in the world. For generations, in different cultures all over the world, this cash crop has been the largest. With this harvestable plant products such as shoes, clothes, biofuels, food, paper, plastics, oils, rope, medicine and textiles can be over five thousand other products. This cash crop was and still is a huge industry in the United States. Every industrialized nation in the world produces and exports Hemp except for the U.S. Why would a product with so much unlimited potential and use not be produced and exported in the U.S.?
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Hemp is a strand of Cannabis, which also produces Marijuana. Though the 1937 Marijuana Tax Act and a large amount of propaganda films like “Reefer Madness,” “Marijuana,” and “Assassin of Youth,” along with a concerted effort by the William Hearst helped to create a nationwide prohibition of cannabis. As early as 1911 there was cannabis restricting and prohibiting laws, making it easier to pass the legislation especially with the help from the popular Yellow Journalism. This prohibition included the production of hemp even though hemp cannot be used as a drug. After 1937 there was a concerted effort to restrict the cannabis trade, and the production of hemp. Then in World War II the products
were deemed a necessity. Since then the flip flops in congress on the matter of cannabis for the use of hemp production has continued. Founding fathers George Washington and Thomas Jefferson were noted hemp farmers. In his diaries, Jefferson deemed hemp a far superior product to tobacco. They liked it so much, they harvested, ate and replanted the seeds. Jefferson said of hemp “was of the first necessity to commerce and marine, in other words to the wealth and protection of the country.” Oddly enough, Jefferson also eventually owned the first patent for a hemp breaking machine. Even the Declaration of Independence was written on hemp paper, the very reason for its durability. The case for hemp production are plenty. It was
the sage award winner in 2009 and supported by indie peace. Clothing companies are also production items from hemp and there are many articles anout it destroying the enviroment. ABC News reported on Australia deciding the benefits of farming and manufacturing products from hemp is worth it. They started allowing acompany named Primary Industries to farm the product. “I guess you’ve got to really study the prohibition laws to really answer that but the really good news is that Australia is finally following suit of the other industrialized countries and actually allowing to grow hemp,” an Australian citizen Keith Bolton said of the change in law down under. The production of hemp can be used dozens of products
that could stimulate the economy. Hemp is a closed cyclical product meaning the oxygen that is created by growing the hemp is matched with the CO2 in us produced by burning or producing hemp, closing the green house effect on this product. It’s time to tell the state what the hemp is up with the prohibition laws on production on this cash crop.
Examining health care reform’s impact on students by Margaret Haywood
he health care reform debate has taken main stage on the political platform for the better half of the past year, leaving no mystery to why it’s the topic on everyone’s lips as well. As the debate progressed, the ins and outs of the bills continued to change, rumors flew and debates were fiery. All the debate and noise surrounding the reform made it difficult for the average American to sort out how its passage would actually impact their individual lives. But now that President Obama has signed the bill into law and the dust is somewhat settled, people are finally able to sort out the set details. The bill will affect the vast majority of Americans, and within the population different demographics can be broken down, allowing evaluation on the bill’s impact to be examined even further. Commonly discussed are the elderly, children, immigrants, the rich, the poor, and those with pre-existing conditions. Fierce debates on health care reform extended well beyond the congressional floor to the furthest corners of the nation. One demographic, however, was often overlooked in the healthcare discussion. The impact the bill has on students is huge, not only for their health care, but strangely enough, how they pay for school will be greatly impacted as well. Written into the Senate’s reconciliation bill is a piece regarding student loans. Currently, the federal government provides $67 billion dollars to banksbasically, the federal government pays the banks to cut the checks and collect payments on the student loans. Under the new system, the government will cut out the middle man, a cut which will save the government a cool $61 billion. This move will reverse a student loan system which goes back over 40 years, from Lyndon Johnson’s Higher Education Act of 1965. Not all of the savings will go straight into student’s pockets, however.
Approximately $19 billion of the savings heads straight towards the federal deficit in order to counteract the expenses stemming from health care legislation. Additionally, $36 billion will go towards student Pell Grants. Currently, the maximum grant for a student per year is $5,500. An amount which will now increase to $5,900. While the new grant proposal is modest, it is something in a time when students work hard to get anything. However, current students won’t be so quick to rejoice, as the affects aren’t immediate. No increases will take place over the next two years, and even then, the proposed increase will gradually take place over the next ten years. Private banks and lenders lobbied heavily against this financial reform, calling out inevitable job loss and socialism. Backers, however, disagree with any amount of job losses and are excited with the new measure. Representative George Miller, the chairman of the House Education and Labor Committee, defended the legislation by saying “We are pairing this historic health reform with another opportunity that cannot be missed- the chance to make the single largest investment in college affordability ever at no cost to the taxpayers.” One bonus from the legislation, which will assist students who are winding up their school career, comes in the form of loan repayment assistance. In 2014, those in repayment will have to give no more than 10 percent of their monthly income to repay their school debt. $1.5 billion will be donated to this financial assistance measure. Currently the payment cap is 15 percent of a former student’s monthly income. The last four billion dollars of the savings from the new legislation will be dispersed to traditionally black higher education institutions. This is not the first time the student loan reform debate has touched Washington. The Clinton administration attempted to transition
loan lending back to the government by cutting back bank subsidies, and even former President Bush spoke out against the subsidies for banks. Moving on, how will the real purpose of the bill, health care reform, impact students? As with the student loan reform, health care reform will not immediately impact students, with implementation going into effect 2014. Then, the uninsured will be required to have health insurance. Individuals, along with families, who make 100400 percent of the federal poverty level (FPL), which is $22,050 annually, will qualify for government subsidies for their health care costs. This means, anyone who makes up to $88,200 a year will receive financial assistance
for their insurance. Even with the Pell Grant increases, not many students will exceed the income cap for assistance eligibility. In addition, any individual or family who makes up to 133 percent of the FPL will be eligible for Medicaid. In addition, Medicaid, which is currently only available to families, will be extended to childless adults- great news for all the non-traditional students sans families. Perhaps the best news in the bill is this: young adults will get to stay on their parent's insurance until they turn twenty-six. This is a tremendous bonus for students. Individual costs for health care are still unknown, however, for the students living off of their student loans or pay check to pay check, knowing some
assistance will be given back to them comes as a relief when faced with a new forced expense.
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New comics grow at the Comedy Works by Heather Wahle
hey say laughter is the best medicine. If you’re suffering from spring fever, getting some laughs may be the cure. Comedy Works offers ‘New Talent Night’ on Thursdays at 8 p.m., check it out and laugh yourself away your ails. Jordan Zuckerman is one of the comics featured at the club on Thursday nights. He gave us some insight on his comedy, his inspirations and his life. Jordan Zuckerman started telling jokes when he was 11 years old. He got his material from a book and used the standard lines until he gained the confidence to start telling his own jokes. Always a class clown, Zuckerman enjoyed the attention that being funny allowed him. While his family and friends were always supportive of Zuckerman’s choice to be a stand-up comic, they worried that he might suffer financially. “Early on, money is a big struggle. You really have to take the plunge to be an artist. You sacrifice the whole 9-5 world when you make comedy your reality. And you sacrifice that 9-5 world paycheck,” Zuckerman explains. The hardest part of making people laugh for Zuckerman is the consistency of the audience. What makes one person laugh, may be extremely offensive to another person. While one person may have enjoyed the whole set with the exception of one joke that struck the wrong cord for them, that one joke may have been the best part of the show for someone else. It becomes difficult trying to balance everyone’s “deal breaker” jokes. Zuckerman says his father is his biggest inspiration for his comedy. “My dad has
such a dry, droll sense of humor. He can find the funny in any situation.” Jordan Zuckerman doesn’t struggle trying to find material. Anything can have the potential to turn into a joke. A joke can be in the eye of the beholder, so to speak. Zuckerman uses himself as the topic of discussion, as a way to get away with more. When he becomes the joke, more outlandish subject matter is accepted. “I turn to elements in my own character defects. It becomes therapeutic for me. Selfdeprecation acts a vehicle for the audience to become more accepting of the material. It also allows an artist more expressive freedom,” says Zuckerman. To prepare for a show Zuckerman checks out the audience. Depending on the crowd, he can see what he can get away with more easily. Zuckerman tries to tailor his jokes to his audience, using what will most likely work the best for a given crowd. He also tries to focus on rehearsing his new jokes; the ones that have had less stage time are apt to be less comfortable. Zuckerman says that his tried and true material is put on a sort of auto-pilot; he knows they are going to work. In five years, Zuckerman sees himself breaking into the comedy club circuit, getting regular work at A & B clubs. He also hopes to have earned multiple television credits. Most importantly, he wants the name Jordan Zuckerman to mean something, extending outside of Denver city limits. Zuckerman has some advice for aspiring new comics, “Make sure it’s right for you; comedy is not just a career, it’s a lifestyle.”
Comedy Works offers a variety of events including concerts, top-secret shows, national headliners and open-mic night. Patrons must purchase two items while sitting in the showroom, either food or beverage. Tickets can be purchased in advance over the phone by credit card or in person at Comedy Works. Advance tickets can be bought Monday through Saturday after 10 a.m. and Sunday after 5 p.m. Reservations are open three Mondays prior to the show’s date, and you can call the club at 303-595-3637 to make reservations or purchase tickets. Doors open an hour before showtime, and those with reservations must arrive 30 minutes prior to show start to claim seats. Reservations are cancelled if patrons do not arrive 30 minutes early and there is no guarantee for seating. To join the Comedy Works club, enter your email address on the website club link. Club members receive notice of top-secret shows and shows that are expected to sellout quickly. Comedy Works features New Talent Night (open-mic night) every Thursday with 15-20 amateur and professional comics hitting the stage at 8 P.M. If you would like to perform on open mike night, call the Open Mic Hotline at 303-477-7844. There is no dress code at Comedy Works, and you must be at least 21 to attend. Table conversation is to be kept at a minimum and hecklers will be promptly escorted out. Parking underground at Writer’s Square is four dollars after 5 p.m. Comedy Works downtown is located on 1226 15th St. in Larimer Square. For more information call 303-595-3637, or go to the website at www. comedyworks.com.
Motives behind the Go-green bandwagon by Jay Cunha
he month of April has turned into a time for the earth with holidays such as Earth Day and Arbor Day. A lot of people are still on the “going green” bandwagon. While I feel having less pollution and less waste is a good thing, is the “going green” movement just a ploy for people to masquerade that they care about the environment? The global warming people believe that the phenomenon is caused by massive amounts of CO2 (carbon dioxide) being released into the atmosphere due to global and industrial growth. I was recently reminded of former vicepresident Al Gore and his documentary, “An Inconvenient Truth” and since April is the month to “go green,” I decided to watch it again. It seems he is the perfect figure to question his “go green” motives. Immediately after he won an Oscar award for the documentary, the news broke that Al Gore’s mansion uses the same amount of energy in one month as the average household does in one year. He has made changes to the consumption of energy in his mansion mainly through “carbon offsets” and carbon credits. This is a process in which you can purchase the amount of pollution that you put in the environment and this purchase is supposed to offset the pollution in some weird way. Seemingly, you are paying for the right to pollute. This somehow makes you “carbon neutral” while Generation Investment Management,
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a company founded by Al Gore and David Blood (former CEO of Goldman Sachs), makes a lot of money. The company manages hedge funds, investments and pension funds and has over two billion in assets. According to the company’s web site, it donates 5% of profits to its own foundation, Generation Foundation, for “strengthening the field of sustainable development and sustainability research worldwide.” The company will invest money in environmentally friendly ways to make their clients carbon neutral— for a fee, of course. There are many Americans who believe in global warming and have a personal awareness and accountability for their carbon use and carbon emissions. Even if half of Americans were to cut their carbon use, there would still be too much according to global warming people. We still need to heat our homes, cook our food, and turn on lights and computers. But does electricity by nature need to produce greenhouse gas? Who has the responsibility for going green? The coal companies? The oil companies? The consumer? Maybe a combination of them all? Having hybrid cars and energy efficient “Energy Star” appliances is a step in the right direction as well as getting rid of coalfired and natural gas power plants. However, those sources being completely eliminated or cut in half and replaced by renewable resources within the next 50 years is difficult if not impossible. This is due to interests of
the coal, oil, gas and other companies with strong lobbyists and governmental ties that would lose billions, if not trillions, of dollars yearly from the switch. Maybe Al Gore has figured out that he can be an environmental guru to the masses while continuing his extravagant lifestyle with private jets and multiple homes while telling people they need to make their carbon footprint smaller and sacrifice for the environment. Al Gore is not as concerned with the environment and global warming as he makes everyone believe; he cares about making money by using the fear people have developed from watching endless news reports about global warming. If he cares why isn’t his business non-profit? He is part of the global warming crowd that wants to limit growth by using carbon credits, cutting down on consumption and denying the opportunity for large-scale development and growth in third world countries. We do not know for certain that CO2 is a cause for climate change or whether industrialization is a leading cause. Some would argue not at all. Can we reverse the effect of global warming by slowing economic and industrial growth or are the effects of global warming part of a natural cycle of the planet? I think having less pollution and less waste is great but I cannot support the concept of global warming when I see snow on the Rocky Mountains every morning and read conflicting evidence by creditable scientists who say it does not exist.
The Men on the End of a 911 Call by Britt Chester
ialing 911 is not the greatest thing to have to do. Regardless of the reason, the only purpose for dialing the number is for an emergency and no one wants to press those three numbers on the phone because it means something bad has happened. It could mean that you are witnessing a crime. It could mean you need the services of the police, an ambulance or even scarier, the fire department. Well this journalist took it upon himself to find out what it’s like being on the other side of the call. I contacted the headquarters for the Denver Fire Department and filled out the necessary paperwork to get what they refer to as a “Civilian Ride-A-Long”. I promptly found myself walking in the doors of Station 1 located at the intersection of Speer and Colfax Avenue to be met by a welcoming receptionist, Telissa. I was informed of all the rules I was to abide by and then sent on my way with a scheduled date. My Ride-A-Long (RAL from here on out) was scheduled at Station 6 on the corner of Speer and Blake. I checked in at the station a couple days before just to make sure I was on the same page as the crew I would be working with. Station 6 is home to “HAMER 1” which stands for Hazardous Materials Emergency Response. The HAMER will see about 1800 calls this year alone according to Jim Duran, an officer of the HAMER. This truck is equipped with enough gear to extinguish any situation requiring it whether it is a poorly designed and exploded
meth lab or a tractor trailer accident dumping fuel all over the road. To make a very clear disclaimer, I have never had any kind of education as to what our public employees do and how they serve us. I like so many of my fellow Americans rely solely on those three little digits on my phone that I was taught to dial in case of an emergency. The following is an account based on my experience in emergency service and my RAL with the C-Shift crew at Station 6. 7:30 a.m.: I arrive at the station and shake hands with some of the guys sitting down in the garage. A young man named Tim was appointed to show me around the facility. He gave me the grand tour which consisted of a walk around the garage and a walk through the kitchen. He sized me up and offered some boots, pants, jacket and a helmet to wear for the day. 7:45 a.m.: First call of the day? A natural gas leak and odor at an elementary school a little bit east of the city. The credo they live by is to be out of the garage in under a minute and have a truck at the site in less than four minutes. I was instructed to grab my gear and just run to the truck because chances are I would not be able to get dressed fast enough to get on the truck in time. I found
Photo by Britt Chester
out later that this is very true. Firemen are trained and required to be dressed and ready to go in under two minutes, fully equipped with SCBA (Self Contained Breathing Apparatus) tanks and full entry gear. 8:30 a.m.: Upon returning to the station the discussion of lunch comes up and never before had I realized how important a meal like this is. The family of C-Shift cooks very healthy meals that all the men at the station pitch in to prepare. According to Mark, lunch would be a mandarin chicken salad. Before we were able to discuss this further another call came in and we headed out in the truck. 9:00 a.m.-11:30 a.m.: I stopped paying attention to the clock because I was too busy talking with the guys and exploring the station. Upstairs houses the bunk room and gym where the guys all do physical training for at least one hour per day. Whether running, lifting weights or just basic weight free training, these guys remain in peak physical shape. Luckily, there were none of these while picking up lunch so were able to relax a bit. We made a run out at some point to pick up some groceries for lunch where I learned more and more about what it’s like to be a fireman in Denver. 12:00 p.m.-4:00 p.m.: We received a couple more calls to which I quickly grabbed my gear and ran to the truck. Even when these guys are resting upstairs they are at the truck in the same time it took me to get from the round table… which is spitting distance to the truck, literally. Upon returning from another call, which turned out to be a false alarm, I sat in the
garage and snapped some photos and interviewed some of the guys. Asked if I wanted to connect a hose and try to maintain it outside, I responded with an exuberant "YES!" If you have never held a 1.75” diameter fire hose full of water coming out of a hydrant at 100 psi, then the only thing I can compare it to is trying to wrestle a sack full of mice from a wild anaconda. I weigh in at 175lbs and thought that I could contain this thing without problem. Turns out I was proven way wrong when the hose was left in my hands only. And the best part of it? The 1.75” hose is the small one, not the one they use to fight big fires with. Here again, another reason why we need to give these guys all the respect we can. 4:00 p.m.-4:30 p.m.: After attempting to tame the hose and then coiling it back up in the garage, I was instructed to suit up with an SCBA tank and prepare for the HAZMAT suit. If you are unfamiliar with these suits they look very similar to the ones used in the movie “E.T.” and are quite hot. And by quite hot I mean it’s like a sauna in that thing when it’s fully zipped up. I lasted for about 6 minutes and was able to walk up and down one flight of stairs before nearly passing out. Firemen are trained to work in these suits for one full hour, which is what the SCBA tanks are rated for. And by work I don’t mean standing around, I mean performing tasks that involve removing hazardous chemicals that give off deadly vapors and can kill you in a heartbeat. Just another day to these guys though. 4:30 p.m.-6:00 p.m.: Dinner this evening would consist of steamed broccoli, risotto, and baked salmon cooked
up by one of the guys. I sat with the men during dinner and was able to witness once more what it is like being a part of this close knit brotherhood. 6:00 p.m.-7:30 p.m.: I asked if I could stay a little bit longer and that was up to the chief, who said "Yes!" We ended up getting a final call at 7:15 for another natural gas odor at a house so we hopped in the HAMER and headed out. I was ready for a blazing inferno but it turned out to be nearly fixed by the time we got there. All in all, my experience with the guys on C-Shift at Station 6 was certainly nothing like an episode of COPS in Miami, which is something to be thankful for. It’s a scary thought that in order to appreciate this group of guys there needs to be an emergency. It’s scary to think that the only time we really thank firemen is when they have extinguished a blazing inferno in our neighborhood. The reality of it is these men put their lives on the line every single day they walk into work. They sit anxiously by the squawk box waiting for the next emergency to happen and when the alarm goes, they go. Each call is different and each second could mean the difference of life and death. I want to personally thank Jim, Joe, Andy, Mark, Sean, Tim, Steve, and Ron who make up the C-Shift at Station 6, for allowing me to ride with them and for opening my eyes up to a world that goes unseen by so many until its almost too late. These men are filled with a pride that is shared by all of their brothers around the country who take the risk everyday for the sake of public safety.
Photo by Britt Chester
Concert Review: EDITORIAL
JD2 blared out of the Bluebird Theater on the brisk night of April 2nd giving fans a glimpse at what his new album The Colossus has to offer. The show opened with a beatlooping, guitar picking, keyboard playing sensation “Happy” before turning the lights down for Busdriver. His spoken word delivery and eccentric stage presence set the tone for Rjd2 to come out. The Colossus is RJ’s first full length album released since he started his new label, RJ’s Electrical Connections. The tracks on the newest album show the diversity that RJ uses in all his work and exemplifies his evolving as an artist. Songs like “Let There Be Horns” give you a good look at a seasoned DJ doing what he does best and that’s using a keen sense of sound to create great swing beats. Tracks to check out on iTunes include “Let There Be Horns” and “Crumbs off the Table” feat. Aaron Livingston. The nationwide tour to promote The Colossus kicked off on January 9th in Washington, D.C. “We have already played 47 shows,” said Ben, the sound engineer
for the tour, “its gonna be nice to get back home when this 4th leg is finished.” The morning after a show in Boulder is a lot like waking up next to someone you don’t remember going home with; its cold, your alone, and the only thing in your head ringing louder than your hangover is the masterful beats of the dj who rocked the Fox theater. Amidst a hundreds of fans of dance, funk and beat, Derek Vincent Smith and Cory Eberhard, better known as "Pretty Lights," played a sold out show that went well into the early morning. Live performances in Boulder happen more than a sunrise, so what separates a Pretty Lights show from the rest? Because they have made the Fox one of the hottest spots on their nationwide tour for 2010. Pretty Lights dropped Making Up a Changing Mind, his fourth full length album, earlier this year to gaggles of eager fans ready to eat it up. Smith, a former CU student, dropped out to take his time and focus on what he loved to do most which was make music. Following suit with the availability of music being
Best Way To Get Off
e surveyed 100 students on campus about the best way to get off... of work to cure your spring fever.
Dentist Appointment: This technique takes a little more preparation. My suggestion is that you start dropping hints a few days before you’re desired day. For example three days before, moan and sigh heavily as your boss walks by to indicate pain. Two days before, make an obvious point to skip lunch because of the pain. The day before, wear a wrap around your head holding “ice” to your cheek. I have pinkeye: Pink eye occurs when an unhealthy form of bacteria enters the eye causing an infection and an obscene amount of puss. This is not only an ugly sight but extremely contagious. The more puss, the less likely your boss will want you to come in. Explosive Diarrhea: Just reading this excuse is embarrassing and uncomfortable. I guarantee that very few questions will be asked when using this excuse. There are many causes of this and very few questions are ever asked. Dude where's your car?: Losing your car is harder than it seems. Either you have to file a police report or claim you were so trashed you forgot where you parked it. But if you use this excuse you run the risk of seeming completely incompetent.
Volume 4, Issue 9 April 6, 2010
by Britt Chester
what it is thanks to Napsterfanatics worldwide, Pretty Lights released their album on his website for free. Following a brief introduction of sound and drums, the show takes you on a visually stimulating ride, blasting light cubes and visual wall displaying everything from fractals to Michael Jordan repeatedly dunking to the beat of "More Important than Michael Jordan." Songs to check out off the newest album are "Still Rockin'" and if you want to keep it simple, check out "Finally Moving" off of Filling up The Skies Vol. 2.
Photo by Britt Chester
Photo by Britt Chester
Saferchoice by Ashton Santos
AFER (Safer Alternative For Enjoyable Recreation) is a Denver-based organization founded in 2005 with the slogan “Marijuana is safer than alcohol. It is time we treat it that way.” SAFER is dedicated to educating people on the dangers of alcohol which, according to them, are far graver than marijuana. SAFER believes that if more people know that marijuana is less harmful than alcohol then they will be unopposed to legalizing marijuana. On their website, www.saferchoice. org, visitors are urged to sign a petition to get MTV’s Real World cast to stop drinking and “start getting real.” There is also a link to call on Mayor Hickenlooper “to end the obstruction of progress by anti-marijuana crusaders.” Saferchoice.org’s mission “Is to undermine support for marijuana prohibition by increasing the percentage of the public that believes marijuana is safer than alcohol.” The executive director and co-founder of SAFER is Mason Tvert, who is also the co-author of Marijuana Is Safer: So Why are We Driving People To Drink? According to Mason Tvert, alcohol is more acceptable than marijuana, while the dangers of alcohol seem to be worse than those of marijuana. He has spoken publicly on numerous occasions in support of treating marijuana like alcohol. Mason believes that “Marijuana is a safer intoxicant for partying. It’s that simple.” When Michael Phelps was scrutinized by the media for smoking marijuana, Tvert proclaimed
that the media was more opposed to the use of marijuana than to alcohol. According to a blog post on Saferchoice.org, Denver’s support for legalizing marijuana has increased from 53.5 percent to 67 percent. SAFER believes the more they have the chance to spread the message about marijuana the increase for support will only rise. SAFER can be deemed responsible for making minor marijuanarelated crimes Denver’s lowest law enforcement priority in 2006. In January of this year SAFER took part in a call for a national boycott against Starbucks because the corporation was allegedly in partnership with Colorado Drug Investigators, which opposes drug reform. Starbucks said it a statement that “This organization is apparently targeting us because a local law enforcement organization in Colorado posted our logo on their website. Starbucks has not taken a position on their issue.” Currently, Mason Tvert has partnered up with Jon Caldera, president of the conservative Independence Institute, in an effort to sue the Colorado Secretary of State Bernie Buescher against laws intended to prevent fraud when collecting signatures for ballot measures.
Sun Wisdom: Recycle and Reuse by Emil Eckstein
Aries (March 21 to April 20): Secretly Aries finds the whole recycling movement to be confining. It feels like society is imposing its rules and regulations on the individual. Aries has a hard time seeing tomorrow, let alone next century. There is one aspect that Aries does like about the movement, and that is that it allows Aires to apply peer pressure to those they want to annoy. After all, if it annoys them, why wouldn’t it annoy other people also? Taurus (April 21 to May 21): Taurus ponders if buying antiques is a form of recycling. How about previously enjoyed books and videos? While Taurus’ would prefer the antiques, they will accept the latter. After all, while they are in college, they really don’t have the money to enjoy the finer things in life, especially considering that even previously used textbooks cost an arm and a leg. In the meantime, they can window-shop and dream of better days ahead. Gemini (May 22 to June 21): The item that Gemini reuses the most is ideas. Being interested in so many things, Gemini has picked up tidbits of information about almost everything. This gives them an edge when it comes to finding new ways to reuse items. If they do not know, they can rapidly learn. Unfortunately, due to their short attention span, they do not always follow though. They also occasionally have to be reminded where the recycling bin is located.
Cancer (June 22 to July 22): Cancer is not so much into recycling as much as they are into not throwing things away. If there is some chance that you might have a use for an item in the future, then you should keep it. The same logic is applied to items that might be fixable. Unfortunately, this means that Cancer is likely to have a closet full of junk. There is a definite possibility that the clutter is actually a sign of hoarding. Leo (July 23 to August 22): In the area of green technology and recycling, Leo wants to take its accustomed role of leadership. Towards this end, many Leos are becoming acquainted with the facts and theories behind the movement so that they can lecture on the subject. They are also leading by example, as are the other two fire signs (Aries and Sagittarius). While Aries bullies and Sagittarius philosophizes, Leo is charming. If such a charming and successful person is going green, shouldn’t you? Virgo (August 23 to September 22): Being an earth sign, Virgo is interested in organic gardening. If they do not have the time and space to do it themselves, they still consider getting their food from organic and local sources.
While it may cost more, Virgo considers it well worth the additional expense. After all, you are only as healthy as the stuff you put into your body. Unfortunately, despite their good intentions, they still occasionally fall victim to the lures of the vending machines.
Libra (September 23 to October 22): From the viewpoint of Libra, who tries to be fair to everyone, the whole green movement represents an ethical dilemma. On one hand, they want what is good for the planet; on the other hand, they feel guilt over the advancements that the developing world might have to sacrifice in order to save the planet. For instance, they will ask: Is it fair for third world countries to give up oil to cut back on emissions?
Book Review The Ghost Soldiers by James Tate J
the green movement. Capricorn’s instinct tells them that unless a majority of companies finds it cost effective to recycle and use post-consumer material, the whole idea will be forgotten as the power players shufﬂe the idea to a dark corner. Aquarius (January 20 to February 18): Recycling is second nature to Aquarius. They will point out that it is an idea built into the very fabric of the universe. After all, our culture is recycled from the ideas and thoughts of our ancestors. Even our material bodies are made from recycled material, for the elements of our bodies consist of atoms tore away from dying stars. Perhaps the very material of our souls came from times long ago. Pisces (February 19 to March 20): Dumpster diving is the highest form of recycling as far as Pisces is concerned. It is absolutely amazing the number of usable items (pieces of furniture, hardly worn clothes, house wares) that people toss out in the trash. Pisces also brags about the finds that they make at yard sales and thrift stores. They figure that if you cannot figure out why someone got rid of something, then it is still usable.
by Jen Villalobos
ames Tate is known for sparking debate for breaking away from the norm of recognizable poetic formula. The Ghost Soldiers is no exception, with a nervous pace between narrative and lyricism. This collection of short stories illustrates characters in a distorted reality, often with a sense of powerlessness and blindness. Day to day objects are what provide a lot of the imagery throughout, presenting the reader with what seems to be mundane situations. Tate has crafted an astounding cast of characters afflicted with such forgetfulness that the entire world around us seems questionable. Indeed it appears that it’s just that which Tate aims to outline: what happens when we’re blindly devoted to things, and what are the consequences? This theme of amnesia set amidst an ambiguous war leads readers to such questions. Tate’s large body of work (this is his fifteenth book) tends to revolve around issues of war, but don’t trouble yourself with curiosities of when, where and
Scorpio (October 23 to November 21): Scorpio is fascinated by the technology of the green movement. How life and energy can come from dead trash is a mystery that touches upon the very essence of this sun sign. One of the ancient symbols of this sign was the whirling figure of death who gives birth to life as she reaps and harvests the dead and diseased. Today, this sign could be represented by the compost pile and the recycling bin. Sagittarius (November 22 to December 21): Not only is Sagittarius concerned with recycling and reusing, they are interested in the scientific and philosophical ideas that are fueling the movement. Out of the three fire signs, they are the idea people. Sagittarius realizes that unless you enﬂame the imagination of the average person, and change the way that they are used to doing things, that the whole green movement will grind to a halt. Of the fire signs, they are the most passionate about the subject. Capricorn (December 22 to January 19): Capricorn knows an ugly truth about the business of recycling. They realize that it is economics and the bottom line is going to determine the success of
what war The Ghost Soldiers is alluding to. These works are more concerned with the emotional entanglements of what war really means— feelings of fear, confusion, paranoia, and an ominousness that can’t be shaken. It’s wrong to assume these poems are filled with gore, death, bombings, and well… soldiers. Such war lexicon is not really present in this poetry; instead, the language in this book finds itself nestling beside simplicity and natural dialog. What’s really important is not what’s beings said, but how it’s being understood. In the poem “Honey, Can You Hear Me?” there is a clear miscommunication between husband and wife that is rather revealing of the true depths that surround them: “It’ll be wonderful to be there tonight.” “Where’s that, honey?” she said. “Wherever it is we’re going,” I said. “We’re not going anywhere,” she said. “I meant here. It will be wonderful to be here tonight,” I said. “A little
nomadic night at home,” she said. What did she mean by “nomadic”? A little nomadic night at home. There were times when I worried about Alison. She hovered right on the borderline, about to cross over into her own private realm, where nothing she sees or hears corresponds to anything in the known world. I live with this fear daily. My shoes are on the wrong feet, or so it seems to me now. Nomadic is in fact a wonderful word for these works; the characters and plots within this poetry seem to be running around aimlessly in search of some solace, or perhaps just a clearer sense of their surroundings. It’s also important to point out Tate’s dark and always so present humor—there is not a heavy sense of seriousness in his writing draping heavily over you, but rather what is to be taken to heart finds it way there through a soft, decaying echo. HarperCollins
Admirable talent By Laraisa Zamora
n a group interview I learned about the Denver artist, Leonardo Hernandez; he was born in Colombia and moved to the United States ten years ago. Even though Leonardo never thought about becoming a painter, he noticed his talent at the early age of eight. In Colombia, Leonardo had the opportunity to study Industrial Design and Architecture for two years. Unfortunately, he did not graduate from either of those careers, but he did begin to gain an interest in the Visual Arts. Leonardo looked for a better future in the United States. He began studying English at Emily Griffin School. Then, he decided to continue his academic studies at Community College of Denver where he obtained an AAS degree in Graphic Design. During his studies on the Auraria Campus, Leonardo took an optional painting class where he surprised his instructor, his classmates,
and himself; he discovered that he had the talent to paint. Leonardo found that painting was his passion, so he decided to continue with painting classes. Now, after studying at the Community College of Denver for 5 years, he has been artistic painting for 3 of those years. Leonardo found the way to communicate better through his paintings. “It really enriches me to know that he can bring a universal expression where the language does not affect to feel it, live it and understand it.” LZ: WHO WAS YOUR MAJOR INFLUENCE WHEN YOU WERE GROWING UP? LH: My mother was my major influence. She taught me how to be a responsible person and how to confront any struggle in my life. Unfortunately, she is no longer with me, but I keep doing my best in everything I do as she taught me to do it. On the other hand, talking about my artistic influence,
there were many famous artists; like Van Gogh, Magritte, Dali, Duchamp, Rembrandt and Gentileschi. LZ: WHO IS YOUR ROLE MODEL? LH: Leonardo Da Vinci. LZ: WHY LEONARDO DA VINCI? LH: “Because he is a genius” LZ: WHAT WAS THE FIRST WORK OF ART YOU CREATED? LH: It was a collage about Dali in Colombia. LZ: WHERE DO YOU DRAW YOUR INSPIRATION FROM? LH:"Dreaming Awake” is how I describe my inspiration because that’s how I feel when I am creating my paintings. LZ: WHAT ARE YOU TRYING TO SHOW IN YOUR PAINTINGS? LH: I always try to give messages about humans and nature. I love to paint a fantasy world. It is a world that doesn’t exist but could exist through my paintings.
“UTOPIA STYLE.” LZ: HOW DO YOU FEEL WHEN YOU ARE DOING A PAINTING? LH: It varies. Each piece is a process and the process consists of a lot of hours on different days. One can feel happy, frustrated, mad, tired, excited, and active; and, all of this reflects on a painting “that’s why my paintings are like a record of my life.” LZ: WHAT ARE YOUR FAVORITE COLORS TO USE FOR YOUR PAINTINGS? LH: Blue, purple mostly dark colors. I like contrast. LZ: WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE MEDIUM? LH: Oil. LZ: HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE YOU TO DO A PAINTING? LH: I would say about 120 hours per piece.
LZ: HAVE YOU SHOWN YOUR PIECES IN GALLERIES? LH: Yes, few of them, but I have. LZ: WHAT IS YOUR MAIN GOAL ARTISTICALLY? LH: I would like to be artistically known. I work hard every day as it is my first painting because I like to keep challenging myself. LZ: WHAT DO PEOPLE DO IF THEY WANT TO BUY ONE OF YOUR PAINTINGS? LH: They can just ask me. I have sold 3 and I don’t think my paintings are expensive. We Are now online! Catch us on the web @ www.ccd.edu/ campusconnection
Summer Journalism Class Exciting, career oriented classes offered summer 2010 at Community College of Denver
Introduction to Mass Media Journalism 105 Monday/Wednesday 10:15 a.m. – 12:15 p.m.
Study the exciting world of mass media. Think like a journalist. Get involved with current issues and stories. This course places the mass media in a historical and cultural perspective, considering the validity, integrity and influence of the media in a democracy. This course covers: n mass media’s impact on: • the individual. • the family. • the world community. n mass media from a cultural, economic, political, and historical perspective. n the legal limitations and responsibilities of mass media. n freedom of press issues and the media. n how technology affects mass media and vice versa. n media convergence and new media. n impact of mass media communication with technology. n business of the mass media. n how mass media functions in a democracy. Introduction to Mass Media is a fun, active course. We cover everything from radio, TV, movies, newspapers and the internet. Each semester we try to have a guest speaker, and we often watch clips of current news items. JOU 105 is a GT-Pathways approved course, guaranteed to transfer to all Colorado State colleges and universities.
For more information contact:
Kristi Strother, CCD Assistant Professor 303-556-5495 or Kristi.Strother@ccd.edu
Volume 4, Issue 9 April 6, 2010
StayingHealthy: Post-Smoke Session Brain Food Munchies by Nikita Blue
ot the munchies? Put your hands on your head and step away from the Funyuns. When you duck out from under the cloud of green smog and dutifully march into the classroom, the right snacks might make the difference between focus and failure. There are plenty of valuable foods that you can use as tools to alter your physical state and even your state of mind. Good foods have almost endless benefits; you can use them at will to make your body and mind do what you want them to do. Bad foods (mainly processed foods) contain so many preservatives to keep them fresh and edible that all of the useful properties are drowned out by the detrimental effects of the unnatural additives. Chances are there are plenty of “healthy foods” that you already like to eat, you just have to stop fearing them and start… uh… eating them. B vitamins are good for your brain and counteract many toke-induced symptoms. A deficiency of B vitamins can result in depression, irritability, confusion, loss of memory, inability to concentrate, mental confusion, fatigue, paranoia and sensitivity to noise and light. Conversely, an infusion of B vitamins can counteract these effects. B vitamins make your body stronger and your mind sharper. B vitamins metabolize proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Carbs give you energy. Protein builds muscles and organs, and one of those organs is your brain. Lemons and limes, low fat milk and vitamin C also have properties that can help restore you after a good doobie roll. Typically, THC has a calming effect. It’s soothing right up to the point of being comatose-inducing. Since its tranquilizing influence is generally detrimental to student functionality in a classroom, the best thing to do is grab a quick adrenaline boost. Vitamin B6 naturally synthesizes epinephrine in your body, which affects your adrenaline and keeps you pumped. Essentially, it prevents your chin from slowly sliding down your wrist while the professor is droning on about comparative governmental systems. In addition to maintaining your energy levels, B6 will make you happy by activating serotonin in the brain. So you’ll not only be awake, you’ll be smiling. Chomp on a banana, sunflower seeds, walnuts, a PB & J, beans, eggs, a burger or a chicken sandwich to replenish your B6 stores. Or go ahead and grab those Original Lay’s. However, it has been scientifically proven that Ruffles have ridges. Thiamin in particular (otherwise known as vitamin B1) is fantastic for the brain. It releases acetylcholine, the chemical that regulates memory. Thiamin has been linked with improving individual learning capacity. It has been used to treat Alzheimer patients, elderly individuals with diminished mental faculties, and psychiatric patients. According to the Nutrition Almanac by John D. Kirschmann, mental ability and IQ have improved with the use of thiamin. You could be the smartest stoner that ever lived. Thiamin is a major player in brain function. However, thiamin can be destroyed by alcohol, sugar and smoking. If you wind up with a thiamin deficiency, you might feel tired, weak, confused and emotional. It’s kind of like PMS only more dangerous. You can get a healthy dose of thiamin by eating pork, whole grain bread, sunflower seeds, rice, pistachios, macaroni, or oatmeal. Aside from B vitamins, proteins are highly responsible for functionality. Protein is seen as the basic fuel for the human body. It affects
both mental and physical realms of activity. Munchies that are high in protein include burgers, chicken, fish (anything on the carnivorous menu from Taco Bell or Burger King), eggs, soy, whole grains and milk. Speaking of milk, lowfat milk is also good for your noggin. It increases brain activity by delivering tyrosine to the brain which triggers the production of epinephrine and dopamine. These are stimulants which cause you to be more alert and to think more clearly. Another little known fact is that lemons and limes contain something called phytochemicals. They block carcinogens. Smoking is smoking, and marijuana smoke contains carcinogens; however, their effect may be significantly reduced by the consumption of lemons or limes. This property can also be found in oranges and grapefruit. Strawberries, raspberries and apples also neutralize cancer-causing chemicals. Vitamin C is also important for mental activity. It has been used successfully in the treatment of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) for poor concentration and brief attention spans. I said: it has been used in the treatment of ADHD for poor concentration and brief attention spans. If you spend most of the trip through the ganja grove trying to remember what you were just talking about and what you just said, Vitamin C might be your ticket to some relief from the perpetual brain farts. Foods that contain high levels of vitamin C include oranges, red and green peppers, kiwis, strawberries, tomatoes, grapefruit, and cantaloupe. Foods such as cookies, candies, or the notorious college student staple, Ramen noodles, are extremely unhealthy and detrimental. Refined sugars and white flours deplete the body of B vitamins. It takes a lot of effort for your body to metabolize refined sugar; it contains no proteins, vitamins or minerals and therefore doesn’t provide the necessary tools for its metabolism in your body. It just sits around in your body until you finally consume enough protein, vitamins and minerals to compensate… but usually it just turns into fat. It’s a major factor in weight gain, diabetes, arthritis, tooth decay, asthma, and even mental illness and nervous disorders. Aside from refined sugar and flour, there is only one more nutritional bad guy: sodium. You don’t need to consciously add sodium to your diet; it is found in all foods. The sodium intake for a normal adult (or student) maxes out between 1000 and 2000mg a day. One packet of Ramen noodles contains a total of 1660mg of sodium. Go grab an orange, a PB & J on whole grain wheat bread and a glass of milk. Screw your skull back on and get your a** back to class!
Good for Your Brains
Good for Energy
Good for Strength
Makes You Happy
from History WORDS
Oh yeah… and don’t do drugs.
We Are now online! Catch us on the web @ www.ccd.edu/ campusconnection
"Preservation of one's own culture does not require contempt or disrespect for other cultures."
Cesar Chavez 1937-1993
Rocky Mountain High
by Antonio C. Valenzuela
ome have dubbed Denver the Amsterdam of the west, with the already 235 dispensaries in the metro area. Denver City Councilman Charlie Brown has called it the “wild, wild west.” Well, there is smoke but it’s not from the guns, and the Federal government is not going to come down on the industry. In Medicino County, CA Newsweek claimed that medical marijuana trade accounts for two thirds of the economy. Newsweek also claims that over 1000 shops have popped up in the L.A. area, dubbed the “green rush,” and some say it’s all about to end there. The difference is very simple; while California’s dispensaries are protected by state proposition 215, voted by 56 percent of the population in California in 1996, which allows for medical marijuana dispensaries but calls for them to be non-profits that plan for safe and affordable distribution, in Colorado it is not a proposition but a state amendment. Amendment 20 was established in 2000 and grafted into the state constitution making it extremely difficult for anyone of the opposition to just do away with. As of November 2009 there were over 15,000 state registered medical marijuana users and only twenty-nine have been denied since 2000. While Representative Charlie Brown says it’s the "wild, wild west," it’s hard to tell who the outlaws are and who the victims are. In 1972 President Richard Nixon, who stepped up the drug war against cannabis, set up a presidential committee of medical experts to study marijuana. “The recommendation of the commission for our first report is that we do not feel that private
use or possession in one’s own home should be attached to criminalization,” stated Raymond P. Shaffer, head of the National Committee on Marijuana and Drug Abuse, much to the dismay of Nixon. Since ’72 the government has spent billions of dollars fighting a so-called war and incarcerating thousands of people for cannabis. Murderers and rapists often get out of prison sooner than someone who sold marijuana. While advertisements for alcohol, tobacco, and prescription drugs have bombarded the public during the same time, causing millions of deaths, cannabis is still treated as a narcotic drug by enforcers. “The only side affect of marijuana is that the DEA might come bring their guns on you,” boasted one supporter. In 2009, President Barrack Obama declared that the federal government would not be seeking charges against medical marijuana users and their patients, yet the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) didn’t get the message. Marijuana supporter Rob Cory claims the DEA has gone rogue due to the recent raids on growers in Colorado Springs and Highlands Ranch. Jeff Sweetin, the agent heading the
Colorado DEA, told the Denver Post a few months back, “The time is coming when we go into a dispensary, we find out what their profit is, we seize the building and we arrest everybody. They’re violating federal law.” To this date not one dispensary has been shut down by the DEA, yet they claim to be completely within the law. In the case of the Highlands Ranch grower, it seems his mouth was too much for the DEA to handle. Chris Barkowitz bragged to 9News about how much pot he was growing, and swiftly the DEA raided. Sweetin told the Westword of the raid, “When you turn on 9News, and you have a guy talking about how much pot he grows, how are you not going to go after that guy?” Seems Barkowitz should have had enough patients to supply to justify the 150 plants they found in his residence. While much debate over the medical marijuana trade is still rumbling in Colorado, make no mistake, the dispensaries and users have legs to stand on, and until voted out by 60 percent of the state population it will remain high on the agenda for legislators, users, growers and media alike.
4/20 Rally DENVER’S 23RD ANNUAL 4:20 RALLY TUESDAY APRIL 20, 2010 9AM - 6PM CIVIC CENTER PARK Rally opens @ 9am with DJ RICKY O 10a.m. - NOON - Live Music from JUBA JUBA http://www.jubajubaband.
NOON - 12:01p.m. - HIGH NOON 12:01 - 12:30p.m. Native American Blessing (29 min.) 12:30 - 12:55p.m. 3 Lil Birds Fashion Show (25 min.) 12:55 - 1:05p.m. Winner of 420 Rally Fundraiser MC Battle (10 min. See page for details on how to enter!) 1:05 - 1:20p.m. - Address by Colorado Progression Coalition’s ART WAY (15 min. http://progressivecoalition.org ) 1:25 - 1:35p.m. - SPECIAL GUEST 1:35 - 1:50p.m. - L.E.A.P. Speech by LARRY FRIELING (15 min.) 1:55 - 2:05p.m. - Live Music by HYPNAUTIC (10 min. www.myspace.com/ hypnautic303 ) 2:05 - 2:20p.m. - HOW NOT TO GET BUSTED by Cheyenne Hughes (15 min. email@example.com ) 2:20 - 2:30p.m. - Live Music by THA DOCTA (TRU HEADZ CRU / http:// mytruhealth.com ) with very special guests! EAST COAST / WASHINGTON D.C. 4:20
2:45 - 2:55p.m. - Live Music by 20:12 (10 min) 2:55 - 3:10p.m. - Invocation DIRECTOR of NATIONAL NORML Allen St. Pierre (15 min.) 3:10 - 3:20p.m. - Live Music by HYPNAUTIC (10 min.) 3:20 - 3:35p.m. - MED T.H.C. RICHARD EASTMAN AND DR. BOB MELAMEDE (15 min.) 3:35 - 3:45p.m. - Live Music by 20:12 (10 min.) 3:45 - 4:20p.m. - KEYNOTE ADDRESS BY ROB CORRY AND MIGUEL LOPEZ INTRODUCED BY MARIJUANARADIO. COM (35 min.) 4:20 - 4:30p.m. - Live Music by MEDICINE MAN (10 min. Denver’s Original http://myspace.com/kingofcolorado ) 4:30 - 4:50p.m. - DEDICATION, ACKNOWLEDGMENT, AWARDS (20 min.) 4:50 - 5:00p.m. - Performance by KATHLEEN LUCERO (10 min.) 5:00 - 5:25p.m. - RICHARD EASTMAN AND DENNIS PERON (20 min.) CALIFORNIA / WEST COAST 4:20 5:25 - 6:00p.m. - Live Music by JUBA JUBA(35 min.) CLOSING 6:00 - 7:00p.m. - PARK INSPECTION AND CLEANUP, FEEL FREE TO STAY AND HELP!
2:30 - 2:45p.m. - WARREN EDSON Author of amendment 20 (15 min.)
Volume 4, Issue 9 April 6, 2010
The Last Word
The Campus Connection, CCD’s student newspaper is looking for a new
WHY You SHoulD Be intereSteD:
editor for Fall 2010 – Spring 2011
• you can help shape the campus community • you can be the voice for CCD students • you gain valuable real-world experience • you can include this position on a resume – which looks great • you get paid
Pick uP/DroP off aPPlicationS in tiVoli 343
Applications due by Monday, April 19, 2010
for More DetailS contact kristi Strother, faculty advisor at firstname.lastname@example.org or 303.556.5495
Got something to say?
Time to step out of the shadows and let your voice be heard.
Campus Connection is always looking for interested writers and photographers to contribute. It is a great way to get involved on campus and to make a little money while you’re at it. Get the most out of your college experience and say something to your peers and teachers. Contact Paige Wendt or Antonio Valenzuela Pwcampusconnection@yahoo.com or Acvcampusconnection@yahoo.com