JULY/AUGUST 2016 VOLUME 1 ISSUE 6
OTH Feature: Extreme Jousting with
THE KNIGHTS OF VALOUR
FEATURED THIS ISSUE
CONTENTS 12 July/August 2016
OTH FEATURED RIDER 22 Ashley Macdougall OTH EDUCATION 24 Welcome to Queen Margaret’s School OTH VET, EQUINE & RIDER HEALTH 32 Ayurveda and Nutrition for Your Horse Theresa Gilligan 52
Too Hot To Trot? Dr. Dieter Oberbichler
OTH DRESSAGE 40 “Yes” Moments The Power of 100% Clarity Karen Rohlf OTH FARM 46 Arena Footing Marc Reid
Extreme Jousting with the Knights of Valour
Entertaining audiences with exciting shows of horsemanship, bravery, and chivalry since 1997. Samantha Fawcett
OTH PRODUCTS, RETAIL, & SERVICES 10 The AA Platinum Motionlite Competition Jacket Horseware Ireland 26
McKee-Pownall Equine Services
The Nine Points Of Saddle Fit Saddle Fit 4 Life
The Need for Shelter Brubachers
Purina High Fibre Feeds
SeeHorse Equine Wearable
Noble Outfitters™ — Quality & Function
Equine Dermatitis and How Recovery EQ Can Help
OTH EQUINE HOROSCOPES 56 The Cancer & Leo Horse 58 Best Jobs for the 12 Horse Signs Samantha Marshall OTH PUZZLES 60 Crossword Samantha Fawcett
ON THE COVER
Ken Barton and Darby ready to joust! Photo by Emily Fisher of E.Fisher photography
A horse is like a violin. First it must be tuned, and when tuned, it must be accurately played.
EDITOR Samantha Fawcett SALES Tyler Saik email@example.com DESIGN Navy Blue Stripes Paper Co. CONTRIBUTORS
- UNKNOWN AUTHOR
Although the author and publisher have made every effort to ensure
Dr.Dieter Oberbichler Samantha Marshall Ashley MacDougall Theresa Gilligan
that the information in this publication was correct at press time, the author and publisher do not assume and hereby disclaim any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by errors or omissions, whether such errors or omissions result from negligence, accident, or any other cause.
Saddle Fit 4 Life Marc Reid Karen Rohlf
PUBLISHER Horseback Media Inc. Milton, Ontario, Canada www.onthehorse.com
NEVER MISS AN ISSUE! ONLINE TODAY. ONTHEHORSE.COM
4 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
EDITOR’S NOTE carefully for any signs of heat exhaustion, and to help cool them down when they get too hot!
Samantha with her mount “Tucker.”
e are officially half way through summer, and more than half way through show season for many of us! I hope that you all are meeting and/or exceeding your goals for the summer, and having fun while working away at them! Many of us are spending our days training hard with our horses while working towards our goals, and so I felt it was important to collect some articles for this issue that serve as timely reminders to keep putting our horse’s health and wellness first! Dr. Dieter Oberbichler has put together a great piece on heat and humidity, and the effects it can have on your horse! His article serves as an excellent reminder of how we can keep our horses safe and comfortable despite soaring temperatures and scorching heat waves! Whether you are out showing, or simply puttering around the farm – it is important to watch your horses 6 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
Regardless of discipline, when you are riding your horse or working around your horse you are always training them (or undoing their training). Karen Rohlf of Dressage Naturally has written a beautiful article on striving for “Yes Moments” and how the power of 100% clarity can further the partnership and bond between you and your horse! I think it serves as a great reminder (as it did for myself ) to those of us who are constantly striving to be better, to make sure we are using clear communication to create a willing partner in our horses. After all, a willing horse makes a much better partner than one who feels forced! As promised in the last issue, we branched out into unfamiliar territory to watch the Knights of Valour in action at the Ancaster Fairgrounds during their OTS Finals on May 27 th! It was a very entertaining and educational experience, and I hope you will enjoy learning a little bit more about this extreme sport that is growing in popularity! Make sure you are following us on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter for updates on new giveaways coming soon! Stay safe, and enjoy the rest of your summer!!
EVENT CALENDAR August 2016 SCHOOLING SHOWS 1 • Meadowlark North Hunter/Jumper • Old Orchard Stables Hunter/Jumper 6
• Hamilton Hunt Club Jumper Show
• Teen Ranch Hunter/Jumper
• Challenge Series @ Iron Horse • Hamilton Hunt Club Hunter Show
• Teen Ranch Hunter/Jumper
• CEC Schooling Show Featuring Hunter Classic & Jumper Derby
• Challenge Series @ Milestone Stables • Tottenham Equestrians Horse Show
TRILLIUM SHOWS 5-7 • CW – Vanbrook Equestrian @ Iron Horse • CE – RCRA 6-7
• GB – McCowan Stables II
• CE – RCRA • NE – Eastwood Equestrian
• SW – Eden Ridge II • EO – Stratford-Fox Run @ Wesley Clover Parks
• CE – Zone Classic @ Palgrave • CW – Iron Horse Equestrian Center • EO – Fiddler’s Green @ Wesley Clover Parks • GB – Jack Pine Trillium II • SW – High Street @ Ilderton Fairgrounds
‘A’ SHOWS 2-7 • Summer Festival @ CEP 17-21
• Angelstone Champions
• Angelstone National
SEPT 30 – 4 • The Angelstone International
DRESSAGE SHOWS 6 • Escarpment Dressage Show (Bronze) 7
• Centaur Summer Dressage Show (Gold) • London Dressage Association (Bronze & Silver)
• Conestoga Cadora @ CEC (Bronze)
• Caledon Dressage @ Orangeville (Bronze & Silver)
• Cornerstorn Farms @ Palgrave (Gold & Bronze)
• Sunshine Dressage Show @ RCRA (Bronze)
• Glanbrook Cadora @ Reschburl (Silver) Events
EVENTS 6-7 • OHTA – Glen Oro HT 2 7
• SOCTA – Sprucehaven Farm HT
• OHTA – Cherry Lane Horse Trials (Bronze & Silver)
• SOCTA – Foxcroft CT 21 OHTA – Lane’s End HT
• SOCTA – Warwick Equestrian HT 2
MISCELLANEOUS 4-5 • NCCP/EC Equestrian Theory Workshop @ OEF
• Vector Equestrian Annual Charity Show & Dinner
• Ontario Carriage Driving Assoc @ Grand River Raceway
• Hamilton Hunt Club Pokemon GO Trail Ride Scavenger Hunt
EVENT CALENDAR September 2016 SCHOOLING SHOWS 5 • Old Orchard Stables Hunter/Jumper 10
• Milestone Summer Show (Bronze)
• Challenge Series @ Meadowlark North • Vector Equestrian Hunter/Jumper
• Hamilton Hunt Club Jumper Show
• Challenge Series @ Iron Horse
• Hunter/Jumper @ Bluestar (Bronze)
• Tottenham Equestrians Horse Show • Hamilton Hunt Club Hunter Show Trillium Shows
• Trillium Championships @ Palgrave
‘A’ SHOWS 14-18 • Autumn Classic @ Palgrave 21-25 OCT 28 – 2
• Canadian Show Jumping Tournament @ Palgrave • Fall Finale @ Palgrave
DRESSAGE SHOWS 11 • Silver Dressage Championships Eastern @ Oakhurst Farm
• London Dressage Association (Bronze & Silver) • Bluestar Dressage (Bronze)
• Sunshine Dressage Show @ RCRA (Bronze)
• Glanbrook Cadora @ Center Line Equestrian (Bronze & Silver)
• OHTA –Dreamcrest Horse Trials
• SOCTA – Warwick Equestrian CT
• OHTA – Glenarden Farms Horse Trials • SOCTA – Twisted Pine HT 2
• OHTA – Glen Oro Horse Trials
• OHTA – Eventing At The Park Horse Trials @ Wesley Clover Parks
EVENTS 3-4 • OHTA Championships @ Oakhurst Farm
MISCELLANEOUS For a list of Fall Fairs in your area, check out ontariofairs.com TO HAVE YOUR EVENT FEATURED ON OUR CALENDAR, PLEASE SEND AN E-MAIL TO EVENTS@ONTHEHORSE.COM.
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I N S T O R E
O N L I N E
M O B I L E
# A A P L A T I N U M
Ken Barton and Darby ready to joust!
PHOTOS BY EMILY FISHER o f e . f i s h er p h o t o g r a p h y
EXTREME JOUSTING WITH THE
KNIGHTS OF VALOUR ENTERTAINING AUDIENCES WITH EXCITING SHOWS OF HORSEMANSHIP, BRAVERY, AND CHIVALRY SINCE 1997 STORY BY SAMANTHA FAWCET T
Jousting is certainly not a sport for the faint of heart! One must be strong, brave, and accurate with a limited field of vision, a skilled rider, and maybe even a little bit crazy! With injuries ranging from bruises and pulled muscles, to dislocations, broken bones, and severe head trauma – one MUST be fearless! Perhaps even an adrenaline junkie! Wearing a suit of armor that weighs at least 100 pounds or more on average, Jousting is a full contact sport with impacts of up to 5000lb/ square inch – it is a car wreck every time they hit each other!
Our host for the evening TJ, with his mount Athos! Athos is actually a Breyer model! JULY/AUGUST ‘16 ON THE HORSE | 13
he Knights of Valour put on a fantastic event for all ages from young to old! They were professional, educational, and best of all – very entertaining! I had a great time speaking with all of the Knights back stage before the event about how they got into the sport of Jousting, how badly they have been injured, and why they choose to keep charging down the list at each other time and time again! By the way, if you ever chat with a Knight before they begin a Jousting competition, make sure to tell them to “Break a lance!”
To begin the show, all knights were brought into the arena to be introduced to the crowd. Everyone was cheering and getting pumped up for the event to unfold! As per tradition, the knights each gave a favor to someone in the audience and then the Gauntlet began!
USEFUL TERMS Grand Guard A small metal jousting shield on the left shoulder, this is the target the knights must hit on their opponent with their lance in order to earn points! Jaclyn gives her favour to a young boy in the audience.
The Gauntlet is a timed course of skills on horseback! On the first trip through the list, competitors had to collect rings on their lances that were being held by the grounds crew; there was 6 in total. On the second trip through the list, they had to throw a spear into a hay bale that had a bulls eye on it as they ran past; there were 2 in total. On the third trip, they had to try to slice an apple off the head of one of the ground crew members (who was wearing a helm thankfully), and then hit a practice target where they earned a point for each full revolution it made! A close up showing the Grand Guard (black and white checkered plate).
Lance 11 feet long, and 1 ¼” in diameter, made of Douglas fir. List The designated area where the jousting takes place. Match A series of passes between the same two knights. (4 passes in a match). Pass Two knights canter towards each other and attempt to strike each other Rob slices an apple off of a lucky volunteer’s head during the Gauntlet! 14 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
Shane Adams riding Superman in the Gauntlet!
THE RESULTS OF THE GAUNTLET WERE AS FOLLOWS: Shane Adams – 54 seconds to com1ST plete, 10 ½ revolutions – 35 points total Tim Tobey – 1 minute, 4 seconds to 2ND complete, 11 revolutions - 33 points total Rob Combe – 1 minute, 1 second to 3RD complete, 10 ¼ revolutions – 32 ¼ points total Josh Tobey – 52 seconds to com4TH plete, 9 ¾ revolutions – 31 ¾ points total Ken Barton – 1 minute, 7 seconds to 5TH complete, 7 ½ revolutions – 27 ½ points total Jaclyn Ziemniak – 1 minute, 3 sec6TH onds to complete, 8 revolutions - 25 points total
A great shot of Shane and Superman finishing the Gauntlet by hitting the practice target!
As the knights dressed themselves in their armor for the jousting portion of the event, there was a fantastic bird of prey display by James from the Canadian Raptor Conservancy. Falconry dates back to Medieval times, and so it goes hand in hand with jousting! There were four different birds brought to the show; a Harris Hawk, a Turkey Vulture, a Golden Eagle, and a Red-tailed Hawk. HERE ARE A FEW FUN FACTS WE LEARNED! • Harris Hawks actually hunt together in the wild. This revolutionized the sport of Falconry because multiple birds can be flown at the same time! •
Turkey Vultures came to Canada when
16 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
the black asphalt highways were built. This is because hot air currents form over the black asphalt, and the Turkey Vultures use these air currents to travel long distances without flapping their wings! They are even found in Alaska now! •
Golden Eagles are VERY large birds, with up to 600 PSI grip strength. They can live well into their 40s! The Golden Eagle is Russia’s national bird.
The Red-tailed Hawk is found in every province, and is actually in the running to be named Canada’s official bird, as we don’t have one - yet!
James and the Golden Eagle.
Once the knights were dressed and ready to charge, it was time for the real fun to begin! There were 6 competitors that had earned their spot at the finals over the course of the season. There were 3 predetermined matches initially, from which the winner of each match and the loser with the highest points moved onto the semi-finals. Each match consisted of three passes between opponents down the list. The knight had to land their lance on their opponent’s grand guard in order to earn points. POINTS ARE EARNED AS FOLLOWS 1 point On target 5 points On target, broken lance 10 points On target, knock opponent off their horse
At the end of the four passes, the knight with the highest score is the winner! There was lots of excitement and fun during each match! There were a few falls, some passes where nobody landed a hit, and lots of broken lances! This was a great display of bravery, and an impressive ability to remain mounted on oneâ€™s horse after taking such a brutal impact! I suppose staying on the horse is half of the battle! The Knights of Valour also show excellent sportsmanship by shaking hands, and keeping a smile on when they lose. You really get a sense of community and family from watching this event!
Josh (Son) and Tim (Father) shake hands after the Final Round! Shane gets a helping hand after being knocked from his horse by Josh!
I think it is important to take note of the fact that these horses are all very well loved and cared for. A couple of them were even rescues who were given a new purpose in life. One of the horses, Paladin, was actually rescued from a slaughterhouse and is now one of the most dependable steeds in the list! Another horse was quite skilled in dressage as well as being a great horse to joust on! It was impressive to see how much these horses must trust their riders in order to ride head on at another horse, knowing full well that when they pass and collide it will sound like an explosion above them. They may even lose their rider before they stop at the end of the list â€“ but they are un-phased by any of this chaos and seem to love their jobs! It is clear that many of the competitors see horsemanship as one of the most important parts of this sport, and I think that it is easily seen in the condition and temperament of these lovely horses as they go about their work! Tim and Paladin making their victory lap!
KNIGHTS OF VALOUR KEN BARTON
Date of Birth June 21st, 1968 Years of experience 10+ Prior horse experience TV/Film, Medieval Times Ken’s favourite thing about Jousting? Knocking people in the dirt! He also loves the camaraderie between competitors and friends! List of injuries sustained Torn meniscus, pulled groin, dislocated shoulder, and about 20 hand fractures! Ken’s Mount Derby
Date of Birth December 2nd, 1961 Years of experience 16+ Previous horse experience Owned horses all his life! Rob’s favourite thing about Jousting? Hitting people – it’s good stress relief! Rob also enjoys the horsemanship required to be a good Knight! List of injuries sustained Stitches, broken ribs (3 times), and has also been impaled! Rob’s Mount Jefferson
Date of Birth September 8th, 1988 Years of experience 4+ Previous horse experience Dressage, Hunter/Jumper background Jaclyn’s favourite thing about Jousting? Beating the boys! List of injuries sustained Two major concussions, armor explosions, and a broken foot (only 2 weeks prior to the finals!) Jaclyn’s mount Maximus
RIDER PROFILES JOSH TOBEY
Date of Birth August 22nd, 1995 Years of experience 16+ years working Jousting events, 4+ years as a competitor Previous horse experience Grew up riding and helping out with Jousting events, also enjoys bronc and bull riding! Josh’s favourite thing about Jousting? It’s an adrenaline rush! List of injuries sustained Major concussion w/ amnesia, broken knuckles, disclocated shoulder (twice), knee and ankle injuries. Josh’s Mount Phantom
Date of Birth Almost 50 Years of experience 16+ Previous horse experience None prior to Jousting. Tim’s favourite thing about Jousting? Getting to travel a lot! List of injuries sustained Dislocated shoulder, hematomas, bone bruises, torn tendons in his thumb. Tim’s Mount Paladin
Date of Birth April 7th, 1970 Years of experience 23+ years Previous horse experience Grew up on a farm with Arabians Shane’s favourite thing about Jousting? The bond you must have with your horse. It is a violent and competitive sport, so they must have full trust in you, and a competitive spirit! List of injuries sustained Impaled, dislocations, broken bones, spinal injuries. Shane’s Mount Superman
KNIGHTS OF VALOUR
3 RD PASS
1 PASS ST
3 RD PASS
1 PASS ST
3 RD PASS
20 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST â€˜16
3 RD PASS
1 PASS ST
3 RD PASS
Tim and Paladin prepare to charge - look at the size of the lance!
Josh is almost knocked off his horse, but manages to stay on!
Jaclyn is knocked off her mount.
OTH FEATURED RIDER
Alaska K and Ashley Photo Credit ErikaChristine Photography
ASHLEY MACDOUGALL July/August Featured Rider
DATE OF BIRTH September 3, 1990
HOMETOWN Guelph, Ontario
BASED OUT OF PJG Enterprises in Erin, ON
FAVOURITE INSPIRATIONAL QUOTE “Where there is love, nothing is too much trouble and there is always time” Abdu’l-Baha
WHERE DO YOU SEE YOURSELF IN 5 YEARS? I hope to have shown the Grand Prix’s and at that point in my life have a son/daughter to teach how to ride. 22 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
hen I was 5 years old I went on a trail ride for a friend’s birthday. It was from that point on that my unconditional love for horses only grew. I started competing when I was 7 years old in the Challenge Series, as a hunter. When I was 14, my grandma (“DoDo”) told my dad it was time to buy me a horse. I got my first 1.0m jumper named Lollipop. She was a thoroughbred mare that I had to train. At 15 years old I was showing on the A circuit in the Junior/Amateur 1.0m jumpers. When I was 19, my parents realized horses were not something I was ever going to grow out of. Horses had always been my first priority and I only wanted to go further with my passion. When I was 21 I moved up to 1.10m
jumpers. I always knew I wanted to be a jumper, I just needed the horse. I then leased a horse from Cedar Sand Stables named Empire Sun or “Riley”. He was a little guy (15.3hh) but he sure could jump! We ended up Junior/Amateur 1.10m circuit champion in 2012. From there I didn’t know what I was going to do. That’s when I met Alaska K. Alaska K or “Al” is an imported Dutch Warmblood. When I first met him, there was no way I was going to ride him. He was a very nervous horse who did not trust anyone. It took me months to put a bridle on him and I would have to lounge him for an hour before I got on. It took a lot of love, a lot of patience and a lot of jelly beans to gain his trust but I knew he was worth it. Then, we had an accident. I was tacking up on a winter evening when he spooked and reared into a florescent light, shattering it over the both of us. Luckily, we were both okay! It is from that moment, our bond started to grow stronger and stronger. The summer of 2013, I showed six horses (Alaska K , Lollipop, Watch Out VDV, Divine
Alaska K and Ashley at Angelstone Tournaments Photo Credit Ben Radvanyi Photography
Alaska K and Ashley at Caledon Equestrian Park Photo Credit Ben Radvanyi Photography
Diva, Hi-Jinx and Dante) and I was fortunate enough to show Alaska K in the Junior/ Amateur 1.30m, moving up in the following years. I leased Alaska for 3 years until this past September. For my 25th birthday my parents surprised me and bought me Al! He was officially mine! In the following weeks I got my acceptance letter to the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair 2015. I was about to live one of my dreams. I competed in the Junior/ Amateur 1.40m division placing 10 th , 6th and then 2nd in the final classic. Today, Alaska K and I are showing the Junior/Amateur 1.40m and some modified Grand Prix’s in hopes to go even higher. My success these past two years would not have been possible if it weren’t for my coach Peter Gisborn, the team at PJG Enterprises, my fiancé Kyle, my parents Janet and Steve and everyone else who has shown me so much love and support. I truly am so grateful I get to do what I love, every day.
ALASKA K aka al BIRTHDATE October 12, 2005 PEDIGREE Dutch Warmblood HEIGHT 16.2 hh LOVES Jelly Beans, nose kisses and all the love you can give him!
HATES Bugs, back boots and anything in or around his ears! IF HE WERE IN HIGH SCHOOL, HE WOULD BE The guy every girl had a crush on as he is quite the charmer! Photo Credit ErikaChristine Photography
Queen M argaret’s School
ueen Margaret’s School is a welcoming university-preparatory boarding school for girls in Grades 6 to 12 and day school from Kindergarten to Grade 12. Since 1921, Queen Margaret’s School has been helping young women prepare for post-secondary education and careers while balancing their equestrian passion and goals. Located on 27 wooded west coast acres, the QMS campus is walking distance to the picturesque town of Duncan in the Cowichan Valley, British Columbia. The Cowichan Valley enjoys Canada’s warmest average temperature and nearby forests, lakes, mountains and beaches support an Outdoor Education program of hiking, camping, surfing, skiing and other outdoor activities. Along with specialist classes in the fine arts, athletics and languages, QMS offers Canada’s only English riding school where students may ride on-campus within their weekly timetable. QMS’ optional equestrian
24 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
program provides skills and theory training for recreational riders and elite equestrian athletes alike. Credit-granting courses in Equine Training, Anatomy & Physiology, and Equestrian Management are available. Students may ride a school horse or bring a horse to board at school. QMS’ on-campus residence, just steps from class, is home to 95 girls in Grades 6 to 12. Boarding students develop independence, responsibility and time management while enjoying a variety of leadership opportunities and social activities that build strong positive peer relationships. Their Young Boarders Program caters to the specific needs and care of younger residents in Grades 6 to 9. As a globally-minded community, QMS fosters intellectual curiosity through unique programs that prepare students for university, for higher education, for life. Discover at QMS.
Canada’s Equestrian University-Prepar atory Boarding School for Girls
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McKee-Pownall EQUINE SERVICES
hen Drs McKee and Pownall founded McKee-Pownall Equine Services their goal was to offer piece of mind, about the health of their horse, to horse owners and trainers. There is nothing more nerve wracking than waiting for the vet to come to diagnose and treat a problem with your horse. As horse people themselves they wanted to ease these worries through excellent customer service, health care education and involving their clients in the veterinary process with their horses. Everyone at MPES shares these values. Our commitment to our clients and their horses is our driving force. We are always available for any type of equine emergency 24/7. Our veterinarians are equipped with the latest diagnostic tools and training to treat almost any kind of condition on the farm from annual health care services including vaccines and dentistry, to in depth lameness and pre-purchase exams and certified acupuncture and veterinary spinal manipulative therapy services. We also have the only standing MRI in Ontario offering quick, safe, and accurate diagnostic results. Give us a call to discover the personal experience we offer you and your horse. We are sincere about our team approach in working with you, your trainer, your farrier and everyone else that helps you with your horse. At the end of the day you want hassle free answers and results. We strive to do this every day. 26 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST â€˜16
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THE NINE POINTS OF SADDLE FIT PART II OF III BY JOCHEN SCHLEESE, CMS, CSFT, CSE. Courtesy of Saddlefit 4 Life®
4 FULL PANEL CONTACT Ensure that your saddle’s panels make even contact with your horse’s back all the way down to distribute the rider’s weight over an area that equals approximately 220 square inches and ends at the last rib. Test for even contact by sliding a pen or pencil (or your hand) in between the panel and their horse’s back. This thermographic image shows a saddle with panels that
bridge front to back, resulting in greater pressure at the When rocking occurs, the panels at the front pommel and cantle areas. and/or back of the saddle do not make even contact with the horse’s back. Note that sometimes your saddle may be made with panels that deliberately flare up at the very back, so the last inch or so of the panels don’t make contact with your horse’s back. This is done for instance, when there is a need to accommodate a tall or large rider on a horse with a short saddle-support area. If fitted correctly, this saddle will not rock. This extra room is also important for the back to come up when the horse engages during movement.
Sometimes we hear that slight bridging is a good thing, because when the horse lifts his back as he is being ridden, his back will come up into and fill in the space left by the bridge. While this may seem logical at first, it doesn’t work. Even when your horse lifts his back while being ridden, his saddle will still bridge. The goal of saddle fitting is to have the saddle distribute the riders’ weight evenly over the saddle support area, and it is important that the saddle neither bridge nor rock. 28 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
5 BILLET ALIGNMENT Have you ever had to stop in the middle of your ride and reset your saddle because it has moved forward onto your horse’s shoulders? This is a common problem, and it is often caused by improper billet alignment. Unless the billets on your saddle are positioned correctly, your saddle will not stay in its proper place on your horse’s back. Billets should hang perpendicular to the This saddle is positioned behind the shoulder but a) is too ground in the girth area. If the billets hang too long for the horse’s back as it extends past the 18th thoracic vertebra and b) the billets are too far back and will pull the far back, gravity will pull the billets (and the saddle onto the shoulder in motion saddle) forward into the girth area. The girth will always find its position at the narrowest point of the rib cage, driving the saddle forward onto your horse’s shoulders. If the billets hang too far forward into your horse’s elbow area, they may make him sore in the elbows. Gravity will drag them (and the girth and saddle along with them) back into the girth area. There will now be too much pressure on the panels at the rear of the saddle. 6 SADDLE STRAIGHTNESS Straightness means that the center of the saddle is in alignment with your horse’s spine. Sometimes, a saddle that appears straight when the horse is standing in the crossties will shift to the right or left when the horse is being ridden, leading to problems with your horse’s SI (sacroiliac) joint.
This rider is sitting on a saddle which has shifted to the right - presumably having been moved by the larger left shoulder during movement.
Horses are by nature uneven. Most horses have a left shoulder that is larger and more developed than their right shoulder. The larger shoulder kicks the saddle over to the other side during motion.
A rider who sits unevenly can compress the stuffing more on one side of the saddle, and drag it over to that side. THE FINAL THREE POINTS OF SADDLE FIT TO BE CONTINUED IN THE SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER ISSUE OF ON THE HORSE! Jochen Schleese is a Certified Master Saddler, Saddle Ergonomist and former German Event Rider. In 1990. he founded Schleese Saddlery Service - the Female Saddle Specialist. Jochen’s lifelong study of equine development, the biomechanics of horse and rider and the effects of ill-fitting saddles, led him to establish Saddlefit 4 Life® in 2006, the global network of equine professionals dedicated to protecting horse and rider from long term damage. Author of ‘Suffering in Silence - The Saddle Fit Link to Physical and Psychological trauma in Horses’, Jochen holds certification courses for equine professionals throughout Europe and North America. www.saddlesforwomen.com | www.saddlefit4life.com JULY/AUGUST ‘16 ON THE HORSE | 29
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Come and experience the Brubacherâ€™s dif ference! Shop Online 24/7 at www.BrubachersHarness.ca Quality, service and price. 519 - 669 -2064
OTH EQUINE HEALTH
Ayurveda and Nutrition for Your Horse THERESA GILLIGAN, OWNER AND CREATOR OF NEACHAI EQUINE AYURVEDA The incredible practice of Ayurveda goes beyond the benefits of plant based medicine to treat and prevent illness, while rebalancing systemic issues in the body. The premise and belief of Ayurveda is that ‘nothing is right for everyone and something is right for everyone’. Each individual is made up of different physical traits and personalities. We all have different wants and needs, and we all process what we experience in unique ways. So, it only makes sense that each of us has different nutritional requirements for our nervous and digestive systems that help us to balance and nourish our bodies on a cellular level! As a society we measure our nutritional needs against a specific pre-determined “chart” of what we need in our bodies. The truth is - this pre-determined nutritional diet is not the same for every person; there is no one size fits all! Our animals are no different in that they each have individual characteristics that are unique to them, and so they need the correct nutritional program in order to achieve both internal and external balance for optimal health! With the multitude of commercial feeds on the market it can surely be overwhelming and seem too complicated to decipher what is the right feed program for your horse. Therefore, I have attempted to simplify the choices and suggestions using Tribute, Brooks, Purina, and Masterfeeds. VATA The Vata dosha supports the function of the nervous system, digestive system, and physical movement. Vata’s tend to be lean and refined, small framed, and “delicate” in nature. Their diet should consist of: • Soft mushy foods served warm • Foods that are rich in protein and fat • Omit corn when possible • Supportive oils include avocado, coconut and olive oils Tribute produces a high fat and protein grain that is also corn free called, Kalm n Fit. Adding a ration of Essential K ensures a balanced diet. Brooks also has several options for the Vata diet; Un-ti is a great option to assist in supporting the nervous system. Other alternatives are Pacemaker and Leading Edge. Flax Appeal would also be an excellent addition to support the digestive system. 32 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
Purina provides several choices as well that satisfy the Vata needs. Integri-t is a nourishing high fat option, and the addition of Optimal balances the vitamin and mineral levels rounding out a supportive, corn free grain option. Masterfeeds provides an excellent option called Podium Cool Energy. A low starch, complete nutritional blend including omega 3’s to support the digestive system. PITTA The Pitta dosha supports the digestive system and metabolic functions. Pitta’s tend to be medium physique, strong and well built. They have a strong metabolism and good digestion resulting in a strong appetite! Their diet should consist of: • Foods that are cooler in temperature, and decrease internal heat • Dry, stabilizing and dense, avoid “soupy” meals • Oats are a good option, avoid corn • Supportive oils include coconut, olive, and sunflower • Avoid almond, sesame and corn oil Tribute makes an excellent dry, dense, and corn free pellet called Kalm n EZ. Again, the addition of Essential K rounds out a supportive blend. Brooks provides an option called Leading Edge for the benefit of the Pitta function. Flax Appeal would also be an excellent addition to support the digestive system. Purina has several options that support the function of Pitta. Evolution Sport Elite, Optimal and Trimax are all excellent grain blends. Masterfeed’s Surmount is an all-around balanced grain that provides a dry, dense pellet that has a low starch and high fibre ratio to support the digestive system. KAPHA The Kapha dosha supports muscle, fat, bone, and fluids. They are strong with a heavy build, and tend to carry extra weight. Most people call them “easy keepers” due to their slower metabolism. Their diet should consist of: • Must be easily digestible, smaller meals more frequently is preferred • Warm is preferred • Honey and ginger mixed in each meal is best • Minimal oil, lots of roughage Tribute options include Essential K, and Kalm n Ez as they both contain no corn and are excellent for horses suffering from Insulin Resistance, and other Endocrine system related issues. Brooks makes a high in fibre, and corn free grain called Competition Plus that is an excellent choice for Kaphas. Purina has several options that work well for Kaphas such as Equalizer, Fibra Plus, Integri-T, Optimal, and Trimax. Masterfeed’s options include a 12% Fat and Fibre pellet, or Surmount pellet. The key to a healthy happy balanced Equine starts with proper nutrition! For more information on how Ayurveda can benefit your horse, please contact Samantha.
647-801-2100 | SAMANTHA@NEACHAI.CA
Purina High Fibre Feeds OFTEN IMITATED NEVER DUPLICATED
ood quality fibre is the foundation of a balanced ration for every horse. Purina has a total of 6 high fibre feeds that will complement and support pasture and hay based rations, for maintenance, senior, exercising, breeding, and growing horses. Purina’s fibre based feeds are made with high quality fibre sources, with tested nutrient levels, in a medication-free specialized facility located in Strathroy, Ontario. Our high fibre feeds do not contain economical and poorly digestible fibre sources like oat hulls. THIS MONTH’S FEATURED PRODUCTS Equilibrium Integri-T (Pellet) Platinum Specialized, complete, fat and fibre feed, with added fat, optimal nutrition, and a very low guaranteed 10% (max) NSC. Ideal for horses that “tie-up”, have a history of laminitis, have Cushings disease, are insulin resistant, or get excited off grain. Does not contain molasses, oats, barley, or corn. Platinum level feed containing flax, Horse Plus, added essential amino acids, yeast, chelated minerals, and pre and probiotics. MUST BE FED WET – 3 parts water to 1 part feed.
Equilibrium Fibra Plus (Chunk) Premium Versatile, complete, fat and fibre feed with added fat, superior nutrition and low NSC. Premium level feed, with sensible calories that minimizes excitability. Suitable for horses that “tie-up”, have a history of laminitis, have Cushings disease, are insulin resistant, or get excited off grain. Contains yeast and added essential amino acids. Unique chunk form encourages chewing and slows rate of intake; well suited for ground feeding. Looking for a pelleted version with similar features, ask for Equilibrium Ultra-F. Equilibrium Fibra Classic (Chunk) Premium Fortified feed with builtin roughage and very low NSC. Ideal for Mature horses that are inactive or lightly active. Can replace up to 50% of the daily hay ration. Contains balanced essential amino acids. Unique chunk form encourages chewing and slows rate of intake; well suited for ground feeding.
Other high fibre products available, for more information go to www.equipurina.ca 34 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
ALL IS WELL WHEN YOUR HORSE IS WELL
It’s all about trust Omega-3
Vitamins B,C & E
Essential Amino Acids
FEEL THE PURINA EFFECT ON YOUR EQUINE ATHLETE PURINA® and the Checkerboard design are licensed trademarks of Nestlé Purina PetCare Company Photo: ©iStockphoto
SEEHORSE EQUINE WEARABLE The only Equine wearable that is able to wirelessly scan all vital signs!
ital sign monitoring can give important clues into your horse’s wellbeing! A horse’s wellbeing can be summarized as; health, fitness and overall happiness. Since horses are prey animals, it can often be hard to judge how well they score in each of these categories. The only way to truly ‘see’ how your horse is feeling, is by monitoring vital signswhich will always give these secrets away. HOW DOES SEEHORSE HELP? SeeHorse allows you to monitor your horse’s vital signs over prolonged periods of time and during different aspects of a horse’s life. Having this ability now gives owners, vets, breeders, trainers, and horse lovers alike the ability to better understand when a horse is experiencing any of the following: • Distress • Overexertion • Signs of colic, casting, and tying up • Signs of labour • Illness/infection HOW DOES SEEHORSE WORK? The SeeHorse device is a revolutionary piece of technology that works in conjunction with an app on your iOS or Android device. When the app on your phone (or tablet) is wirelessly synced with your device, you can view all of the data being collected in real time or as historical data. WHAT DOES SEEHORSE DO? When worn in a suitable location, SeeHorse is able to perform the following functions, and more! VITAL SIGN MONITORING o Heartrate o Respiratory rate o Temperature
HISTORICAL DATA ARCHIVING o Automatically generate reports o Email specific data o View specific time periods
ALERT SETTINGS o Custom alerts for min/max vital sign readings o Foaling alert o Horse security alert
ACTIVITY TRACKING o Tracks steps, calories, distance o Daily activity goal setting o Activity reporting & graphs
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT HOW SEEHORSE CAN REVOLUTIONIZE YOUR HORSE CARE PROGRAM, PLEASE VISIT WWW.SEEHORSE.CA AND SEND INQUIRIES TO INFO@SEEHORSE.CA
Focus on the quality of the conversation during simple things.
“YES” MOMENTS The Power of 100% Clarity K AREN ROHLF cre ator of dres s age n at ur a l ly
Every day is an opportunity to start fresh. I hope to give you something to think about that will help improve all you do with your horses. As a dressage professional and “re-naturalized horseman”, I understand the importance of building complex maneuvers from simple basics via clear communication. A horse who understands and is willing will be a better partner and easier to ride than one who feels bored, patronized, used, underappreciated, and manipulated!
I put a strong focus on the quality of the conversations that I have with my horses. Improving conversations about even the most mundane things improves communication and partnership in general. If you make the simple things excellent, the harder things become easier. Lack of harmony is a disparity between the dream and the reality. In order to have harmony, either we have to change our dream for the moment, or we have to help the horse change his reality! There is an exercise I do called Getting 100%. Getting 100% allows you to say “Yes!” to your horse, as opposed to saying, “Well, that’s pretty good, for us,” or wishing something else was happening. Often, we prevent harmony by accepting less than 100%. Some of you may be thinking, “Whoa! Karen is a perfectionist! That’s way too much pressure; I can’t expect my horse and myself to be perfect all the time!” Don’t worry. Getting 100% isn’t about ‘right’, ‘wrong’, or demanding perfection. It’s about clarity and understanding. The question needs to be understandable, reasonable and possible for your horse to answer. You both must know what it will look like when he is successful. If you have this, then why not get 100%? If it is a new exercise, get 100% of the ‘first-attemptat-learning’ version of the exercise. This is different (and I believe, better) than asking for ultimate perfection and accepting a halfhearted effort, or a confused reaction. Really Getting 100% allows you to say ‘YES!’ to your horse.
look at all the quality of the questions you ask your horse; from catching in the pasture, to grooming, to ground work, to riding. Then look at the quality of the answer (understanding, mental/physical engagement). You may be surprised at what you find. Horses really do want to understand what we are asking them. They want us to be in the calm, confident state that occurs when we have harmony between our visualization and our reality. Getting 100% is unmistakable. Ask yourself, “did I get 100%?” if the answer is not an immediate “Yes!”, then it was less than 100%. Trust your instincts. WHAT IF EVERY CONVERSATION COULD BE LIKE THIS: (Human) “Would you ______?” (Horse) “Yes! Did I do it enough?” (Human) “Yes!” AS OPPOSED TO: (Human) “Do this.” (Horse) “What?” (Human) “THIS!” (Horse) “You mean something sort of like this?” (Human) “Kind of” (Horse) “Well, do you want me to or not?” (Human) “Well, whatever, that’s pretty good, I guess, for us.” The key is to visualize what you are asking your horse. Know what success will look like. If they don’t match your picture, get curious! • Make yourself clearer • Change how you are asking to better allow it. • Thank them for every effort, but let them know that you want it better next time: (“Thank you so much for that 40%, let’s try this again!” ) • Repeat, so they have a chance to be 100% successful • Acknowledge their effort immediately. JULY/AUGUST ‘16 ON THE HORSE | 41
You and your horse will both appreciate harmony.
“Let’s” is significant. It’s not just them. We are responsible for our role in their success. Sometimes the only thing that needs to change is us! Get curious. Don’t settle for less. Be gentle with yourself if it is difficult. If you don’t think you can get 100% of your picture, choose an easier picture and get 100% of that! Sometimes it means not asking for something you know you won’t get! You want to get to the “Yes Moment”. You will be amazed at how much your horse will appreciate you saying “Yes! Thank you!” Riding around thinking that things aren’t working feels bad, and for sure your horse feels it too. This disharmony is a major tension-creator.
teacher gives you an enthusiastic “YES!” at the right moment. Before you go to your horse, take a moment to visualize even the very small moments. Think of a conversation where you ask your horse: “Would you _______?” then hear his answer. How can you increase the “Yes’s” and “Thank you’s” being said by you and your horse? Make a pledge to your horse to make yourself 100% clear and explore how to set him up to be 100% successful in a way that HE KNOWS he got it. Ask your question. Keep it positive; “I’m sorry I wasn’t clear the first time, how can I help you get this?” When he gets it, say “Yes” out loud with a big exhale! Your horse will love it and you both will enjoy more results in harmony!
Getting 100% doesn’t mean it has to be difficult. Choose your picture wisely and make it appropriate for this horse at his stage in training. My picture changes from horse to horse, so my young horses can get just as many “Yes’s” as my advanced horses! Karen Rohlf, creator of Dressage Naturally, is an
If you ask your horse to move over in the grooming stall and he kicks out, then shies from an imagined smack and manages to be over where you wanted him, you got a result without quality communication - and you will find it extremely valuable to investigate. How can you improve it? This will be the really interesting part!
internationally recognized clinician who is changing the equestrian educational paradigm. Karen is well known for her student-empowering approach to teaching and her ability to connect with a wide range of horses. She believes in getting to the heart of our mental, emotional, and physical partnership with our horses by bringing together the best of the worlds of dressage and partnership-based training. For more information on Dressage Naturally and online virtual
How would you feel if your teacher said things like: • “Oh, that’s pretty good for you ...”
courses, please visit www.dressagenaturally.net
Or, if you ask if you did something right and they answered: • “Well, sort of.” • (or worse:) “No”, and then left you hanging. You would feel terrible, confused and unappreciated. Don’t let your horses feel like that. You know how good it feels when your
Karen and Hot Shot!
JULY/AUGUST ‘16 ON THE HORSE | 43
NOBLE OUTFITTERS ™ Quality & Function
Noble Outfitters™ creates products that exceed the needs of our customers with quality and function, while delivering exceptional value. Each Noble Outfitters item is carefully designed in close collaboration with equestrian enthusiasts and professionals.
he Allison Pull On Show Shirt offers a traditional look with a pop of colour inside the collar and the cuffs for a great look, a comfortable fit, and complete functionality. The 4 way stretch woven material provides the mobility and flexibility you crave with the cool comfort of the Opti-dry moisturewicking fabric. It’s a winning combination of high performance, traditional style, and fashion-forward colour! Pair with the Signature Breech featuring superior fabrics, innovative construction, and flattering design for the ultimate show ring experience. Meet the most innovative and comfortable waterproof boot on the market! The MUDS™ Boots are engineered with a completely unique design, to keep you ultra-comfortable and 100% dry. Constructed with a rubber bottom, neoprene top and an ultra-breathable and moisture wicking lining. 44 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
The removable, shock-absorbing, anti-microbial insole fights odors to keep your feet dry and happy. A reinforced toe and heel is made for added protection and reinforced structure. The durable anti-slip, nonmarking outsole has reliable traction and an easy clean tread design. Your feet are only as comfortable as the boots and socks you wear. Over the Calf Peddies are perfect for around the barn, show days and will even make the dreaded boot break-in period a thing of the past. Made with extra cushion on the bottom of the foot and Noble Outfitters’ special Ankle Shield padded protection. The ultra-thin calf is made to fit perfectly under jeans, or over breeches or jods. Opti-Dry technology wicks away moisture keeping your feet dry and comfortable. These socks are unique and hardworking, just like you! Find a dealer near you at www.BigD.ca
ARENA FOOTING The Importance of the First 3 Inches, and Other Factors To Consider MARC REID, OWNER OF CORNERSTONE EQUESTRIAN CENTRE
have an opinion on what is the best “footing”; and there are many factors at play that may contribute to this difference of opinion! Generally speaking, the surface must provide/have these four characteristics: • Cushion • “Slide and Stop” • Sheer/Give • and Support.
Ideal footing is different for each sport; this article will primarily be about what is best for Hunter/Jumpers, which typically, is also good for Dressage. It is very important to consider the impact that poor footing can have on a horse, even in just a short period of time. Either too deep or too shallow footing can have detrimental impacts on a horse’s tendons, ligaments, muscles, and joints. More people should care about what is underneath their horse’s foot as much as they do about what is on or above it! Every rider, trainer, and horse owner seems to 46 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
CUSHION Good footing should provide some cushion to the horse’s joints upon initial impact with the ground. Remember, the horse has natural “shock absorbers” via bone, tendons, etc.; therefore the footing cushion should not be too soft, which can do just as much, if not more damage, than really hard footing. As the title suggests, typically this is about 3” for Hunter/Jumpers. (Caution: this doesn’t mean a ring should have 3” of fluffy nice super soft material, it also has to do 3 other “jobs”, keep reading!) “SLIDE AND STOP” The horse’s body has developed to deal with
a certain amount of “slide” before the foot comes to a complete stop. A sudden and jarring stop of the forward momentum of the foot can put pressure on other parts of the horse not designed to take that stress; particularly the neck and back. SHEER/GIVE The footing must now support the weight of the horse, and allow for some sheering/twisting force. Most horses have some amount of foot twist as they move from cushion action to propulsion action; therefore the footing must sheer/give way to this action easily, and not hold the foot in place! Watch your horse’s feet while it walks and imagine if the footing was “grabbing” the foot and holding it still, what kind of damage that may cause to tendons and joints?
potential hazard to your horse by failing many of criteria, potentially very quickly. Factors to consider for maintenance • Size of ring • Material used • Location (sun, shade, proximity to water source, etc.) • Use (a small 2-5 horse private barn, or a multi-disciplined 40 horse barn with lessons).
SUPPORT As the horse’s foot “digs” to push the horse forward the footing should then support the foot in this action, with little to no movement, providing a good “platform” from which to push off of. The goal is to find the right balance of the above criteria for each discipline that will utilize the ring. How does someone achieve the above criteria? Factors affecting choice of footing (typically the top 3”), in no particular order: • Maintenance (Ability, time, Equipment Available, etc) • Climate/Location of ring • Base (what is under the top 3”) • Indoor or Outdoor
For small private barns which use the ring lightly; cheap options are available for equipment, for larger facilities, it can get rather expensive for harrows and watering equipment. I would place a good maintenance program as the number one factor; figure out what you are willing and/or capable of doing in this area first before you worry about any other aspect. Some guides suggest that a ring should be properly groomed (harrowed and/or watered) after every 20 rides (or rounds, horses… basically if you have 2 horses that you ride once every day, you would need to groom the ring every 10 days at a minimum).
MAINTENANCE AND EQUIPMENT You may spend very little money building rings with simple sand or turf footing, or a fortune building rings with more complex footing and irrigation systems. Both of these options can even meet many, or all of the above four criteria. However, without proper maintenance and equipment, the ring will quickly become a
CLIMATE/LOCATION OF RING Essentially this section can be summed up with one word; irrigation. So a factor such as typical rainfall amount will play a huge role in the size and type of irrigation system. Too much or too little water can make a riding ring virtually unusable. There are many ways to divert water onto or off of a ring. Some additives
An example shown here of a harrow with a watering system!
JULY/AUGUST ‘16 ON THE HORSE | 47
like fiber, rubber bits, leather, wood chips, MgCl (salt), etc., are used to help footing hold onto water longer and prolong wear on typically the main “ingredient”, sand. Many people may think that keeping a ring wet is for dust control, but that is just one reason. Sands ability to support and even cushion is a function of is moisture content. Ever try running on the beach? Which is easier - up on the dry lose area, or down in the surf where the sand is wet? BASE / INDOOR OR OUTDOOR Before the 3” of footing is placed in any ring, the correct base must be built. Location of ring can also have an effect on this aspect, but the key here is to try and make sure that stones do not work their way up into your footing. Lime stone dust (aka screening) is often used as a base as it can be packed very tightly. This can get rather expensive. Clay is sometimes a good alternative, but it can get slick when wet. Another aspect to consider is grading. “Flat” depends on being indoor or outdoor. Typically, outdoors rings are graded in a way to accommodate irrigation where indoors would be perfectly level/flat.
ing First, are providing services where they can test locally available sand and provide advice and even mix in additives for you. However, this can become very expensive! For most people; I would strongly urge you to visit other barns and/or show facilities and see what works for them, and what you like and dislike about each. If you can, ask those facility’s managers about the footing, why they chose it, and how they maintain it. Perhaps in a future article I can focus on my ring and share my “do’s and don’ts” I’ve learned over the years. Send us your feedback if you would like to see this or other articles. One should never simply put sand on top of an old paddock, or strip top soil and just add sand. It may be financially attractive to do so; but in the long term its best to consider the other factors and spend a bit more money and time planning. Hopefully I have sparked your interest in learning (and caring) more about what is under your horse’s feet while you work them. Check out my reference material provided below if you are interested in learning more about good footing, as I have just scratched the “first three inches”!
Marc Reid, Owner of CEC, located in Moffat, Ontario. CEC provides boarding services and lessons. CEC also hosts a number of horse shows over the summer months. For more information, please visit www.cecweb.ca References: Here is a picture of the base being installed and leveled at CEC!
“The Most Important Three Inches in your Horses Career” By Lydia Gray, D.V.M., Performance Medicine - June 18th 2012
SUMMARY It is possible to meet most of the above with only using sand as the top 3”; however, there are hundreds of “types” of sand. More, and more companies like Martin Collins, and Foot48 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
Equestrian Surfaces - A Guide (FEI Paper)
White Paper on Equine Surfaces (FEI)
PDI Laser grade
Our professionally constructed and maintained outdoor arena, no dust and excellent footing.
AUGUST 27 TH CEC HUNTER/JUMPER SCHOOLING SHOW Featuring the Hunter Classic and Jumper Derby • Up to $2,000 in prizes and money! y e a r e n d pr i z e s to b e awa r d e d
JUMPER DIVISIONS (3 CLASSES EACH)
1) Starter Division (18” – 2’ max)
1) Hack (Road, Show, Pleasure)
2) Jumper Sec 1 (2’3” max)
1b) Lead Line – Good grooming, walk, w/t
3) Jumper Sec 2 (2’6” max)
2) Beginner (w/t, w/t/c, two over x’s classes)
4) Jumper Sec 3 (2’9 max, with enough interest a
3) Novice (2’3 max. 3 o/f and one flat class)
3’course may be set)
4) Open Hunters (2’6 or 2’9 judged together - 3 o/f and one flat class)
j u m p ers start at
h u n ters n ot to s tart b efo r e
Two Table A, and one Table C classes per jumper division. $10 Ticketed Schooling Rounds fo Novice/Open Hunters. All divisions (except lead line) have prize money for Champion ($80) and Reserve Champion ($40)! Must be entered in all classes of the division to qualify for Champion/Reserve Awards. Pre-Entry (Entry Form must be received by no later than 9pm on August 24th) $16/class (tax included) Post-Entry $21/class (tax included) $25 Admin Fee Per Horse Entry (tax included) Entries at www.showmate.net – CEC H/J Schooling Series
FOLLOW US ON TWITTER @CECBARN FOR UPDATES LEADING UP TO THE SHOW, AS WELL AS CLASS UPDATES AS THE SHOW MOVES ALONG. For more information on classes and details, please visit www.cecweb.ca
Equine Dermatitis and How Recovery EQ Can Help WHAT IS EQUINE DERMATITIS? Equine Dermatitis is a catch-all term for inflammatory conditions of the skin that subsequently affect the overall health and sheen of the horse’s coat. The horse’s skin itself may be itchy, red and flaky, and in extreme cases, may ooze fluids. Equine Dermatitis may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or allergies/sensitivities to certain substances, for example, insect venom (bites). Three of the primary types of Equine Dermatitis are: • Irritant contact dermatitis: This type of Equine Dermatitis gives rise to red bumps with crusting and hair loss. It commonly occurs around the muzzle, saddle, girth, feet, legs, and other areas in contact with irritants. Healed skin may turn white (depigmentation). • Allergic contact dermatitis: This form of Equine Dermatitis also causes red bumps, crusting and hair loss. It is caused by repeated or continuous contact with an allergen. The dermatitis may spread beyond area of contact. • Pruritic dermatitis: This type of Equine Dermatitis can cause severe itching, hives, and other signs of an allergic reaction. Pruritic dermatitis is commonly caused by insect bites, particularly those of midges, gnats, mosquitoes, and horse flies. IS MY HORSE LIKELY TO DEVELOP DERMATITIS? Nobody can tell if a horse is likely to develop dermatitis since there are no predisposing factors. Some horses may randomly develop an allergy or sensitivity towards a substance (allergen). Dermatitis is more of a reaction than a disease classification, and may be associated with respiratory and/or digestive conditions as well. If your horse experiences symptoms only during the summer months, it is likely that a seasonal allergy is to blame. TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR YOUR HORSE For most horses, lifestyle modifications and good management will help your horse maintain a healthy skin and coat! If your horse has been found to be allergic to a certain substance/substances, then avoiding contact with or exposure to the substance will help to alleviate symptoms. For more severe and chronic cases, steroid treatments such as cortisone may help to alleviate the condition. Natural ways to help with Equine Dermatitis include: • Incorporate a daily maintenance dose of Recovery-EQ® • Ensure your horse gets daily exercise to improve circulation to the skin. • Maintain regular veterinary check ups • Avoid excessive use of common anti-inflammatory medications used to treat dermatitis (such as cortisone) as they actually promote skin tissue degeneration when used on a chronic basis. • Discuss your horse’s overall nutrition with your veterinarian. For more information on how Recovery EQ can benefit your horse, please visit www.recoveryeq.com 50 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
“Best Overall” “…best performer overall… for the tough case not responding to other products… you get what you pay for.” “It is so important to me that my horses are happy and healthy. I have trusted Purica’s Recovery EQ for many years to keep my horses moving freely!”
– Jonathan Field
Horsemanship, Inspired by Horses®
To find out more about RECOVERY, visit www.RecoveryEQ.com or call toll free 1.866.334.2463 PHOTO OF JONATHAN FIELD BY ROBIN DUNCAN
TOO HOT TO TROT? How Heat and Humidity Can Affect Your Horse BY DR. DIETER OBERBICHLER
he glory days of summer are upon us! Schooling, showing, and long trail rides keep us busy through the week, while competitions, shows, and equine getaways entertain our weekends! As the days get hotter, the demand for performance continues. We push ourselves and our horses to the next level to work towards new goals and experiences. Although horses are generally well adapted to hard work in many climates - the extreme heat of the summer can put our horses in a hazardous position. What are some of the dangers that heat can cause in a horse? How can we help keep our horses cool and conditioned for a high summer workload? Where do we draw the line in order to keep our equine partners safe from high heat hazards? Preceding the Olympic Games 1996 in Atlanta, a cooperative international research effort identified key strategies for safe competition in hot and humid conditions. The knowledge gained from this research was a major factor that these Olympic Games went on successfully with no incidents; unlike previous events (Barcelona 1992) where several horses collapsed during, and after the cross country phase. The 2008 Olympics in Hong Kong was another milestone in research as the international equestrian community feared the extreme humidity of Hong Kong. I was lucky to have been able to take part in Pre-Olympic Heat and Humidity workshop organized by the FEI in Lausanne, and experienced firsthand how meticulously these events were planned and how well the venue and teams prepared for the conditions in China.
52 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST â€˜16
Ingrid Klimke on the Cross Country course at the 2008 Olympics in Hong Kong.
While my dreams and your dreams to make it to the Olympic Games might not come true, the lessons learned and knowledge gained from our elite athletes are very much applicable to our daily (horse) life. SO WHAT ARE THE DANGERS? Overheating and loss of electrolytes will lead to heat exhaustion and Hyperthermia, ultimately leading to heat stroke if we do not intervene and help in time. The horse’s muscles produce a tremendous amount of heat, this heat is transported via the bloodstream to the peripheral arteries and increases the skin temperature while sweat glands are activated and the secreted ration of water and this radiation of heat helps to cool the body down. About 85% of the heat is dissipated via sweat and another 15% through the respiratory tract via panting. Heat stress will lead to heat exhaustion which will lead ultimately to heat stroke! The symptoms of heat exhaustion are: • Profuse sweating • Muscle weakness • Stumbling
Rapid breathing And increased body temp over 102 F (38.9 C)
Once the body’s compensatory mechanisms are overwhelmed, heat stroke will develop: • The skin will feel hot and dry • Delirium • Massive rapid panting • Convulsions • Rapid irregular pulse • Death • Temps above 106 F (42 C) WHAT TO DO? HOW CAN WE COOL DOWN THE HORSE MOST EFFICIENTLY? Here are the instructions established for Hong Kong 2008: • The horse should be covered from head to tail in cold water on both sides continuously for about 30 seconds. You can use buckets or hoses. • After that walk the horse for about 15 seconds. This short period of walking will promote circulation and maintain skin blood flow. • There is no need to scrape water off the horse at any time during the cooling procedure - the thin layer of warm water close to the skin will be displaced by more cold water • If the horse tolerates it the horse can be hosed down while walking, but don’t let horse stand - we want the blood flow going from the muscles to the skin. • Again - It is more efficient to NOT SCRAPE, but to keep dousing with cold water. JULY/AUGUST ‘16 ON THE HORSE | 53
When do we stop? • When the rectal temperature is at least below 39C /102 F. And yes, when you are done with the cold water and the horse has cooled down - then you can scrape. It is important to note, taking rectal temperature immediately after exercising might be misleading as it tends to lag behind core and muscle temperatures. It is not uncommon for rectal temps to rise 5 to 10 min after exercise. • It takes about 10 min of intensive cooling to reduce the body temp by one degree C. For example many horses finishing the cross country portion may have critically high temperatures close to 42C (>106 F). So in order to get the body temperature down to normal it can take 20 to 30 min of intense cooling efforts. Common mistakes: • Underestimating the amount of water that needs to be applied! • Concentrating on avoiding specific areas of the body rather than using the whole horse’s surface. • Not allowing short periods of walking during the cooling. • Not allowing the horse to drink cold water after exercise. The myth that this will lead to colic has been debunked by the University of Guelph and Illinois since 1995. • Despite the name, do not put coolers on an overheated horse! • Over supplementation of electrolytes. This can actually increase dehydration as excess sodium stimulates the kidneys to flush it out. The perfect balance with water is necessary. SO HOW HOT IS TOO HOT TO TROT? A SIMPLE GUIDELINE IS THE HEAT INDEX:
Temperature (in F) + Humidity
Below 120 - there should be no significant problem. 130-150 - Your horse will sweat - but will most likely deal with it if the horse is well adapted. Make sure to cool down properly and allow your horse access to water and electrolytes. Above 150 - don’t even think about it! Stay home or go for a swim with your horse!
Keep in mind that there is a huge variability in heat tolerance between individuals and breeds. Body type and body composition is also a factor. For example, I have found that some Friesians especially have problems adapting to and performing under hot and humid conditions - so please don’t try to keep up with your friend’s lean Arabian. Be sure to be conscious of how your individual horse reacts to and performs in each climate. Know the signs and know the limits. 54 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
NOW GO OUT, STAY SAFE, AND ENJOY YOUR HORSE!
Rocky and Sam swimming.
Dr. Dieter Oberbichler (Dr.O) was born in Styria, but grew up in the Austrian mountains of Tyrol. Dr.O graduated from the University of Vienna in 1988, and was one of the first adopters of Ultrasound in Austria for reproduction and diagnostic purposes. An avid horseman, he has trained in Dressage, Show Jumping, and Eventing. When he gets time, he loves to fly planes and compete in triathlons! See more at www.oberbichler-equine.ca
THE CANCER HORSE June 21 – July 20
hese are the horses who will nurture and protect you, and they most definitely need the same from you in order to feel safe and secure. They will need your attention regularly. Cancer is the first of the water signs, and if you think about how water is naturally fluid and always searching for ways to be directed or contained, then you understand how these guys will be happiest when their human partner/caretaker is a person who is practical, down to earth, reliable, dependable, and one who can channel their energies into something concrete and beneficial. They will look to their human for the very formulation of their being and actions. Without competent strong guidance this horse will feel nervous and insecure. They require the human connection and with a person whom they can rely on and trust. With regular handling and grooming, you will give them the reassurance that they so need. Their intuitive abilities are very strong so not only can they pick up danger and disruptive energies long before everyone else is aware of them, they also feel the moods of those around them – and that can affect how they are acting. It is imperative that they be in a peaceful environment with a positive vibe. They are very uncomfortable with any kind of harsh treatment to themselves or others. They cannot tolerate an insensitive human. It will upset them to the point of having 56 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
serious digestive issues. Since they have such a sensitive digestive system, certainly avoid feeding them if they are upset. However, food is next in line for the requirements of a happy/healthy Cancer horse, right after the family/herd/home connection. It is important that meals are provided on time, at the same time, with the same kind of feed and in the same amount – and every day of course. The more often the better, they need to have nourishment moving through their bodies continuously to avoid ulcers and other digestive ailments. With hay in front of them all the time, they won’t develop any anxieties about it. This is not bad advice for all horses as their systems are designed for continuous grazing. It could be just the trick to avoiding some of the bad oral habits like cribbing, wood eating etc. The Cancer horse is non-confrontational and will move sideways to avoid trouble just like the crab. The only time you will see any aggression is if they feel the need to protect a baby or family member. These are exceptional brood mares because the family and home are sacred – which means they are not happy when they have to leave their cozy home. A secure Cancer horse is a wonderful companion who can be trusted to protect their human.
THE LEO HORSE July 21 – August 20
he Leo horse is the entertainer of the horse world. Their main drive is to gain recognition and to hear your applause, and they will do anything to get it! The more applause you give them, the better they perform. As long as they have plenty of attention and get your adoring praise you will have a happy horse who will be a loyal loving companion forever. If you do not give them all that they think they need however, you may see any kind of acting out that will draw the attention to them – often not the kind of actions you would like. Just bring out the camera and take a few pictures. They know what that is and will pose for you.
Leo’s symbol is the Lion – King of the jungle – and the Leo horse needs to be King of their own barn.
They are the children of the zodiac as well, so the playful nature is sometimes fun, sometimes funny – and sometimes trouble. Do some clapping when they do the things you like. They do love children as well, and make great companions for young folks. This is a fire sign, filling them with high spirits, enthusiasm, optimistic attitude, and a di-
rect uncomplicated nature. These are strong, faithful, confident beings. They show up bigger than life itself and will pull out all the stops to show you and the world how magnificent they are. You can dress them in costume, braid their manes, color their coats, and parade them around. They love pageantry, fame, and excitement. The louder the applause the better they like it! Since Leo is a fixed sign, if what you want from them might seem contrary to their own ideas, at times, you may encounter a stubborn streak. Personally, I believe they are easily talked out of it with a playful distraction, trying to use force would not be your best choice. As with all of the fire signs, the Leo horse needs some freedom and space. Their tremendous amount of energy needs a proper place to be expressed. Leo’s symbol is the Lion – King of the jungle – and the Leo horse needs to be King of their own barn. Anything you can do to make them feel that way will make them happy. A special sign on the stall door, a special fly sheet and of course spoiling of any type will always work. These are proud regal creatures so no disrespect or humiliation please. No routine or drudgery either. This sign rules the heart, and you will experience one that is the biggest and the most giving when you make them feel as special as they are!
CHECK OUT THE BEST JOBS FOR THE 12 HORSE SIGNS ON THE NEXT PAGE JULY/AUGUST ‘16 ON THE HORSE | 57
FOR THE 12 HORSE SIGNS ARIES March 21 – April 20 This is a fire/active, cardinal/initiating sign. These horses will be happy participating in anything that requires a competitive spirit, speed, or being in front. Racing, cross country, jumping, or polo to name a few. As long as you put them in the position of leading they are happy!
TAURUS April 21 – May 20 Here we have an earth/stable, fixed/ stubborn sign. Steady as she goes. These guys have great endurance. They love trail work, lessons in the arena, side saddle, and even dressage. They do not mind repetition or work that others might consider boring.
GEMINI May 21 – June 20 Here we have an air sign – they are very flexible, and all over the place. Variety is the name of the game. Quick and agile: polo, cross country, jumping, or driving comes to mind. Their attention span is very short so the activity level will need to be high. CANCER June 21 – July 20 This is a water sign, where emotions run 58 | ON THE HORSE JULY/AUGUST ‘16
high. The key here is in the training. With that well done, this horse can do well in show and dressage. They make wonderful lesson horses and do well when they can stay home in their own arena.
LEO July 21 – August 20 This sign is ruled by the Sun, and it is a fire/ active sign. They will enjoy anything big and glamorous; such as riding in a parade, any kind of show riding, films, or advertising. Bring on the lights, cameras, and action! Give them the opportunity to show off and they are happy. VIRGO August 21 – September 20 Here we have an earth mutable sign that brings stability. These horses are very good at jobs requiring precision. They are good at dressage and the repetitive training patterns of Eventing. They do not like risk, so they can learn most anything that is consistent and safe. LIBRA September 21 – October 20 An air sign, intelligent/social, cardinal/goal oriented. Since this is the sign of partnership, team driving would be a great job for them. They also would do well at dressage,
or any skill that requires balance, cooperation and teamwork. SCORPIO October 21 – November 20 This sign is fixed water. The water provides the intuition and feeling, and the fixed makes it all very intense, powerful, and deep.The sign of strength and staying power. Endurance and cross country riding are good matches. Also polo and long distance trail riding, pretty much any sport that requires a lot of power.
SAGITTARIUS November 21 – December 20 Mutable fire – what a combination. Hunt class, cross country, jumping, are all naturals for this horse. Anything that requires traveling and running will work for these adventure-loving creatures. They are most happy when they are outside.
CAPRICORN December 21 – January 20 This is an earth sign, consistent, reliable, and cardinal – so there must always be a job or purpose. These horses thrive on disci-
pline, structure and routine so you can train them until the Sun goes down. They’ll do pretty much anything you can teach them that is repetitive. Not a risk taker or built for speed. AQUARIUS January 21 – February 20 A fixed air sign, there is no such thing as consistency with these natives. Expect the unexpected. This one is one-of-a-kind, and it will depend on many things to do it justice. Let’s just say anything that requires endurance and change. Could be jumping when it is always a different course, and maybe racing. PISCES February 21 – March 20 Here we have mutable water, the most sensitive and vulnerable of all the equines. They are like sponges and take in everything from everyone and anything in their environment. Lots of potential here for Pisces, they have a natural sense of rhythm and love of music that make them good for dressage. They are good with children because they are kind and gentle. These horses pick up on all the energies around them, and they are naturals in their ability to heal humans.
Samantha Marshall is a world-class astrologer, practicing for over 35 years. She has also been working as a facilitator, counselor, and coach in the area of personal development for over 32 years! Samantha now integrates the Equine Gestalt Coaching Method™ with astrological chart readings – giving the recipient another dimension to their experience! To find out more about how to get your own horse’s chart done, and your compatibility, go to www.equineastrology.com. For more information on Equine Gestalt Coaching, go to www.equiserene.com, or e-mail Samantha directly at: Samantha@equiserene.com.
JULY/AUGUST ‘16 ON THE HORSE | 59
ON THE HORSE Crossword DESIGNED BY SAMANTHA FAWCETT
3 4 6
13 15 16
19 20 21
23 24 25
ACROSS 1. Recovery __ 3. Mounted games 5. The art of riding and training a horse in a manner that develops obedience, flexibility, and balance. 7. Stable ____ 10. Type of oil used on tack 13. Golden coat 15. Common way to add fat to a horse’s diet 16. Term used to describe an inexperienced horse/rider 19. It can fix almost anything; duct ____ 20. Used to transport horse(s) 22. Common horse colour 23. Another term used for crop or whip 24. Assistance with mounting 25. Western canter
DOWN 2. Canada’s oldest Thoroughbred Horse Race 3. Type of bit 4. Blend of acupuncture and pressure 6. Irish Show Jumper Conor 7. Horse doctor 8. Another term for a rider 9. Popular oil supplement 11. Type of Standardbred 12. May be used on a halter or bridle; fly _____ 14. Young horse around one year of age 17. A horse who “gets fat on air”; ____ keeper 18. Hay ___ 21. Another term for a pole used for jumping. 22. Unit of hay
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