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ADVOCATE The official publication of the Ontario Simmental Association

Cover Picture Photograph of Ronda Blackberry 680 with family friend Arianna. Provided by Donna Morano.

In each edition, sale results, events and announcements, will only be listed if received by the graphic designer in writing or email. We encourage you to share Simmental related photographs of your animals and operation.

ADVERTISING RATES If you have a cover shot for the advocate please send it to: memberservices.osa@gmail.com

B&W 1â „4 Page $75 B&W 1â „2 Page $110 B&W Full Page $175 Color Full Page $300 Color Inside Covers $325 Color Back Cover $375 Yearly Card Ad $75

From the Editor The Advocate is the official publication of the Ontario Simmental Association. The emphasis of the magazine is to keep Ontario Simmental breeders informed about past and up-coming events; provide a resource for marketing and advertising; and, to support Simmental youth programs. We also highlight local and international news items that impact cow-calf operators and the beef industries as a whole. Areas of interest include: animal health; beef trade and market issues; the latest research initiatives; and, consumer attitudes toward beef. For more Information: Josh Wooddisse Ontario Simmental Member Services Manager www.ontariosimmentalassociation.com

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*Prices may change according to printing costs.

YEARLY CONTRACTS Receive 10% discount on regular rates with exception to the card ads. YEARLY CONTRACTS Consists of 2 issues

ADVERTISING & COPY DEADLINES All advertising, copy, and photographs must be submitted by the following dates SPRING ISSUE | DUE: Jan 21st FALL ISSUE | DUE: June 22st

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OSA Board of Directors 2016 - 2017 Tina Hiddink

Jerry Barber

Brad Turpin

President

Director

East Central Director

613 399-3239

819 647-3770

613 848-4208

wildoak@xplornet.ca

jerry@petropontiac.ca

brandleesim@hotmail.com

John Pearson

Laura Robson

Brittany Barkley

Vice-President

Director

Director

905 349-3415

705 932-3216

brittanybarkley@hotmail.com

j.kpearson@sympatico.ca

lrobson_11@hotmail.com

Dave Milliner

Catherine Walsh

Grace Oesch

Director

Ottawa Valley Director

Secretary

519 375-0122

519 280-7998

519 656-2199

dgmilliner@everus.ca

catherine_walsh1@hotmail.com

gravandale@netflash.net

OSA Staff Josh Wooddisse Member Services Manager memberservices.osa@gmail.com

New Mailing Address Ontario Simmental Association c.o. Josh Wooddisse RR1, 8491 Con 14, Palmerston ON N0G 2P0

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Upcoming Events & Sales September 10 Ontario Autumn Simmental Classic Sale Hanover, ON September 13 - 15 Canada's Outdoor Farm Show Woodstock, ON September 20 - 24 International Plowing Match and Rural Expo Harriston, ON September 24 Ferme Gagnon & Guests 19th Annual Simmental Production Sale Cheneville, PQ September 29 - October 2 River Point Cattle Co. Internet Sale Glencoe, ON liveauctions.tv September 30 Friends of the Canadian Simmental Foundation Scholarship Deadline

November 5, 2016 Royal Simmental Open Show 9:00 am – 3:00 pm Ring of Excellence, North Ring Toronto, ON Judge, Bill Biglieni from Douglas, Manitoba November 5, 2016 Royal Elite All Breeds Sale 6:00 pm Toronto, ON November 13 Central Invitational Simmental Sale Woodville, ON November 16-19 Futures One Sale Internet Sale liveauctions.tv November 26 Marywood Classic Sale Listowel, ON

October 1 Bar 5 Farms Dispersal Sale - Cattle & Frozen Genetics Markdale, ON October 15 Ottawa Valley Simmental Club Harvest Sale Metcalfe, ON October 16 Quality Control Sale at Indian River Indian River, ON October 22 Salt Water Simmental Sale Nappan, NS November 4, 2016 Royal Simmental The Bright Lights Futurity Show 9:00 am – 10:00 am Ring of Excellence, South Ring Toronto, ON

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President’s Message – Tina Hiddink Dry! Dry! Dry! In Cental Ontario were we farm we have experienced drought conditions. Only 40% of our first cut and no second cut hay. Rumour has it that hay can be purchased for $80 - $100/large square bale. So we’re look for other feed options! Pastures have dried up local and regional farmers feeding hay and trucking water since the first of July. Then we look at our Simmental breeders in Western Canada were they have experienced the opposite scenerio. Rain! Rain! Rain! Unable to cure hay. I was able to attend the CSA – Convention in Loydminister from July 21 – 24th. As Hank and I traveled from Saskatoon to Lloyminster we were able to visit a number of Simmental Breeders. Their time and hospitality was greatly appreciated and their challenge was getting forage crops baled. One rancher commented, “our hay will be clean this year it has only been rained on 8 times”. I want to thank the OSA Board in their support for me to go to the CSA – Conference and National YCS Show. I was able to be attend the Provincial Presidents’ meeting with the CSA Board of Directors. This in my opinion is a very worth while opportunity for the provincial presidents to bring forward their provincial issues and ideas that we can in turn bring back to the provincial directors. We want to thank Dave Milliner for being our CSA Director for the past three years and bringing forward OSA issues to the CSA Board. We also congratulate Larry Barkley for being elected as the new CSA Director for OSA and look forward to a good working relationship with him for the next three years. The Saskatchewan Simmental Association hosted a great event. The location was excellent, the food was great and the they kept us busy with Casino Night, a wine tour. It was announced the 2017 CSA Convention and National YCS will be hosted by the Maritimes taking place in Fredericton, New Brunswick. The summer shows and fairs are well under way. The OYCS Show was held in Metcalf in July and the Ottawa Valley Simmental Club hosted their zone picnic at that time. The East Central Simmental Club held their summer picnic on August 13, 2016 hosted by Acadamy Hill in Grafton. The numbers in attendance were small but the hospitality was great. When you receive your Advocate, read carefully. There are changes happening at the 2016 RAWF Simmental Shows. Time changes, rules have been updated, additional class / changes including the Ron Wooddisse classes. As cattle producers regardless of were we live in Canada we are resilient and we all continue to focus on improving our Simmental cattle be they fullblood, red or black. There is definitly a market for all, whether we focus on the purebred and/or commercial customer. We encourage our members to contact Josh Wooddisse if you need promotional material to distribute/ have available to display at local events i.e. plowing matches, cattle shows, cattle and stocker sales. He can also assist you with with your promotional and advertising needs. You can contact him at memberservices.osa@gmail.com or call at 1-519-362-5373. We can not stress enough that the CSA and OSA want to encourage and look forward to two way communication with our membership to answer questions, concerns or comments. The events/deadlines to keep in mind are: 1. OSA 2017 Futurity nominations to Josh Wooddisse by December 31, 2016 2. RAWF Judge nominations to Josh Wooddisse by December 31, 2016 3. 2017 OSA membership paid by December 31, 2016 4. OSA – AGM on March 4, 2017 at the Holiday Inn in Peterborough. OSA Advocate

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OSA UPDATE News CSA AGM The 2016 Canadian Simmental Association (CSA) National Convention took place from July 21st to July 24th and was hosted by the Saskatchewan Simmental Association in Lloydminister, Saskatchewan. During this annual event, participants had the opportunity to attend the Simmental Innovations Symposium featuring presentations from Dr. Wade Shafer of the American Simmental Association, Tom Lynch-Staunton of the Canadian Cattlemen's Association, and David Milliner, Director of the Canadian Simmental Association. During the convention, the CSA also hosted its Annual General Meeting where attendees received reporting on the successful year enjoyed by the Simmental breed and the CSA in 2015. The CSA showed its appreciation to retiring directors Lacey Fisher, David Milliner and Maureen Mappin-Smith for their commitment and dedication to the CSA. New Directors elected to the CSA Board included Roger Deeg, Strathmore, AB, Marlin LeBlanc, Estevan, SK and Larry Barkley, Ingleside, ON. They join President Lee McMillen, Carievale SK, 1st Vice President Garth Rancier, Killam AB, 2nd Vice President Blair McRae, Brandon, MB, Kelly Ashworth, Oungre SK, Dan Skeels, Rimbey AB, and Francis Gagnon, Cheneville, QC.

Deadlines Futurity OSA 2016 Futurity Entry Third payment of $20.00 must be postmarked by October 1, 2016 OSA 2017 Futurity animal nominations to Josh Wooddisse by December 31, 2016 RAWF Judge RAWF Judge nominations to Josh Wooddisse by December 31, 2016 Membership 2017 OSA membership paid by December 31, 2016 1 year | Membership (HST incl.) $50 or $55 before Jan 31st Commercial Cattlemen Award OSA 2016 Commercial Cattlemen Award nomination by October 15, 2016 Events in 2017 OSA – AGM on March 4, 2017 at the Holiday Inn in Peterborough

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2016 Commercial Cattlemen Award presented by Ontario Simmental Association

Commercial beef cattle producers play a significant role in protecting and enhancing the beef industry. They continuously strive to improve existing practices to create a sustainable future, for us all. The OSA would like to give the outstanding commercial beef cattle producers recognition for their contribution. Deadline: Please send a write up of the nominated producer to the OSA office by October 15, for consideration of the 2016 Commercial Cattlemen Award. Ontario Simmental Association c.o. Josh Wooddisse RR1, 8491 Con 14, Palmerston ON N0G 2P0

memberservices.osa@gmail.com

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5 tips for coping with drought: By K.M. Wood, PhD One thing that cattlemen can agree upon is that Mother Nature has sure has put cattle producers through their paces this summer. Throughout the majority of the province this summer rainfall certainty has been limiting. Although some regions have are not as severe as others, severe drought has stricken many areas, greatly impacting pasture and forage resources. Keeping cows in good condition is perhaps the greatest challenge during times of drought. Keeping cows in adequate body condition is perhaps the greatest factor influencing reproductive success, and success of subsequent calving and rebreeding. Although there is little that producers can do to make it rain, the following are a few tips, to help successfully manage cattle through drought conditions: 1. Wean Calves Early: Weaning calves off the cow earlier than normal (August vs November weaning) can help alleviate nutritional stress on the herd in two ways. Firstly, the nutritional demands of lactation are perhaps one of the greatest nutritional demands placed on the cow. Even though milk production may be declining, early weaning of the calf will reduce the nutritional demands of lactation on the cow and allow her to begin to replenish body reserves earlier in the year, ensuring that she enters the calving season in adequate body condition for the next calving cycle. For more information on body condition scoring please see Beef Cattle Research Council’s interactive resource on economic impacts of cow body condition score available online at http://www.beefresearch.ca/ research/body-condition-scoring.cfm#tool . Secondly, early weaning of calves also reduces the demand on pasture. As calves grow, their forage consumption also increases. Weaning calves early and moving them to a dry lot reduces forage demands by about 30%, leaving more pasture available for cows to consume. 2. Test your feed: Routinely testing your forage should be part of your regular management program. However, when forage supplies are tight, knowing what nutrients are available in your feed may help you to make feed management decisions and better distribute nutrients to the cows when needed. Although drought can have impacts on forage yields, feed quality may not be impacted or may even be of greater quality than forage from normal or wet years, due to concentrating of nutrients. If available forages are of a high quality, it is possible to dilute these forages to extend availability. Including lower quality fibre sources such as straws, stocklage or crop residues can easily be used in beef cow rations, and may be able to use a lower plane of nutrition particularly when cow nutrient requirements are low (eg post-weaning, until about 6 weeks before calving). This is where having the use of a TMR mixer can be of a great benefit to the beef producer, as straws and other alternative feed ingredients can easily be incorporated with higher quality ingredients, minimizing sorting. Chopped straw can also easily be used in bunk feeding type management systems as well. However care must be taken to ensure all animals, even those at the bottom of the pecking order) get a space at the feeder to consume the higher quality ingredients as and not just left to consume the lower quality feedstuffs. OSA Advocate

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Feed analysis typically costs around $40 for basic analysis, and should be conducted by sampling and pooling samples from a number of bales (10 or 12). Keep in mind that nutrient content can change over the winter, so ideally samples should be analyzed a few times over the winter – spring. There are a number of forage analysis labs across the province. Your local feed dealer can provide details on where feed analysis can be sent and assistance interpreting and providing recommendations on the analysis 3. Double Crop Double cropping refers to planting a second crop following harvest of the primary crop. In Ontario, where we have enjoyed long summers, and frequently have excellent growing conditions into October, this is a system can provide an additional source of forage late in the year. Typically, a forage crop is planted following the harvest of winter wheat. Forage oats, oats and peas, barley, triticale (which is a cross between rye and wheat), and winter rye are all options that easily be seeded following winter wheat. Oats perhaps offers the best “bang-for-yourbuck� in terms of energy harvested per acre. Winter rye, which is often used as a cover crop, can be grazed in late fall if required. Other nontraditional options are available, such a newer low tannin sudansurghum grass hybrid varieties, however ensiling is recommended as sorghum can be difficult to harvest as dry forage. All double cropping systems come at additional costs for seed and fertilizer, but may provide additional emergency forage sources for the winter. Of course, success of these crops also depends on receiving some moisture in order to get seeds to germinate. Additional risks can come in challenges in late fall harvesting, where late fall dew and moisture can make harvesting dry forage a challenge, which is why silage or bailage is an more ideal method for putting up double cropped forage. 4. Minimize feed waste Minimizing feed waste is also a wise management strategy in times of drought. A well-designed bale feeder can reduce winter feed wastage by up to a third. In times of drought when hay can reach prices of $100 per ton, the cost recovery of investment in a few bale feeders can rapidly be reached if you account for feed savings. Similarly although winter feeding strategies such as bale grazing can be ways to reduce wintering feed costs under normal conditions. If forage availability is limited, using more traditional dry lot wintering of beef cows may also help reduce feed wastage.

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5. Watch for toxicities: During times of drought plants are also under immense stress and may have increased concentrations of toxic compounds. These compounds can be concentrated in harvested forages as well as hungry cows may consume plants that they would not normally consume under normal grazing conditions. High levels of nitrates in particular can be of a concern in stressed plants, which can be at levels poisonous to cattle. Similarly as plant toxins can be concentrated, minerals in water sources can also increase to dangerous levels, as ponds evaporate. Be on the lookout for any unusual symptoms in the herd and do not hesitate to contact a vet if you suspect a toxicity. Although the weather hasn’t been co-operative this summer for grazing, there are strategies that can help manage challenges in coping with drought conditions. As with many aspects in managing cattle, having a drought management plan is a good strategy.

More information on drought management strategies can be found on a page complied by BCRC found online at http://www.beefresearch.ca/blog/drought-management-strategies/.

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15 Questions About Your Farm. Wild Oak Farms Hank & Tina Hiddink 1. How long have you been farming? Hank and I purchased the home farm in June 1986. We originally bred Percheron horses and Beagles. In 1992 we purchased our first beef cattle, Herefords and commercial Simmentals, purchased at his Uncle's commercial herd dispersal. 2. Who do you farm with? Hank and I farm with our son Brandon. 3. How many generations on your farm? Two generations. 4. What size is your farm? We own 2 farms and rent 3 pasture farms for a total of 450 acres. 5. How many animals do you have? We breed 65 females a year and have 2 to 3 natural service bulls. We keep and raise 20 to 25 replacement heifers and 2 to 3 bull calves annually. 6. How did you come up with your farm name? The crossroad that we lived on was called Wild Oak Lane. In 1996 due to 911 the name of the road was changed to Wilkes Road, as there was no winter maintenance past our farm. 7. What is your first memory on the farm? A dilapidated 1870 century 2-storey brick house, a 1940s bank barn that was leaning and all the farm land that was a "sea" of the previous year's corn stalks. 8. What was your first animal that you purchased? In 2003, Hank purchased our first registered Simmental, Neu Miss Mackenzie (NEU 1M) when he attended the Ottawa Valley Fall Sale with John MacDonald, a longtime Simmental breeder.

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9. What is your favourite memory on the farm? I had a career in agriculture that was demanding on my time; volunteer work (agricultural associations, church); bookkeeper for my husband, Hank's construction business, who was also involved with playing and coaching local sports; a chauffeur for my three children who were involved in sports/music. What kept me sane was going out to pasture sitting under the trees, talking to the calves, were they would come and join me, to check me out. 10. What advice would you have given your self before getting started in the cattle business? I would suggest to anyone to have a business plan to determine what is your intended final goals are. Do you want a few cattle to enjoy with your children, to be involved with youth events or do you want it to be your main source of income. Farm location, are you close to your intended markets/customer (commercial and/or purebred breeders), cattle auctions marts, abattoirs, pasture, forage, water. 11. What is a question your still trying to answer about the cattle business? 1. Dealing with the volatility in cattle prices in the market place. 2. Determining what the processor/consumer wants: a) Carcass size b) type of beef offered on the grocery shelf: corn fed, grass fed, organic, "natural". 3. Genomincs/THE how can it benefit me. How can the information be relayed to me in an easy to understand way. No acronyms; no scientific jargon. 12. What are your farming goals? Our farm's focus is to raise cattle with good udders, feet, temperament and "do ability" to meet the expectations of cattle producers, be they a purebred or a commercial breeder. 13. What animal made the biggest difference on your farm? CXB 9R - Clearbrook Rosie and BNY 14R - FYF Scarlett Lady 14. Why do you farm today? Our son, Brandon has always wanted to farm. The rural life also agrees with Hank and I. Working together we continue to build our herd of cattle that will work in our farm environment and when sold will go on to be profitable for the new owners. 15. Most useful piece of equipment or tool on your farm? The JD 2755 Loader Tractor which we use every day.

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New Classes & Rules at the Royal Open Show Friday, November 4, 2016 Ring of Excellence, South Ring

Royal Simmental The Bright Lights Futurity Show

9:00 am – 10:00 am

Saturday, November 5, 2016 Ring of Excellence, North Ring

Royal Simmental Open Show Judge, Bill Biglieni from Douglas, Manitoba

9:00 am – 3:00 pm

Saturday, November 5, 2016

2016 Ron Wooddisse Memorial Performance and Efficiency Award Will be presented after the champion female banner

Saturday, November 5, 2016 Simmental area in the barn

Wine and Cheese Social Hosted by the Simm-Belles

4:00 pm – 6:00 pm

Saturday, November 5, 2016

Royal Elite All Breeds Sale

6:00 pm

Most of you have probably already heard that the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair has made many changes to the format for this year's cattle shows. The biggest change being that the National Junior Beef Heifer Show will take place on Friday and Saturday November 4&5 and the Canadian 4-H Dairy Classic will be on Tuesday and Wednesday November 8 & 9. This means that the 4-H Beef and Dairy heifers will not be in the barn at the same time as each other. This should lead to a much less congested barn. The Ring of Excellence will also be enhanced. It's moving slightly south and east. It will be bigger, 90% the size of the Ricoh Coliseum and have 50% more seating capacity than last year. I think that we have been given a prime show time slot, Saturday 9:00 am. We are the only Purebred Breed showing that day and we will be sharing the ring with the National Junior Beef Heifer Conformation Show. What better way to showcase your genetics than across the ring from the standing room only crowd of the Heifer Show? Spectators can stick around and enjoy some Simmental Hospitality and then bid on some of the best Simmental Genetics in the land 6:00 pm. With the Royal announcing these changes, it seemed like a good time for our own show rules to be reviewed. We were looking for ways to increase the number of Simmental Cattle in the barn.     

Most calves shown at their mom's side are now also eligible to be shown on their own. Two Year Old Cow/Calf Pairs will show first, Mature Cow/Calf Pairs will show next New Percentage Simmental Yearling Female Class, they are only eligible for this class The Champion Fullblood Banner is now open to both Males and Females. Any exhibitor residing in Ontario must be a current paid member of the Ontario Simmental Association.

These are the highlights of the changes, but please go on www.royalfair.org and read them for yourself. Be an informed exhibitor. 2016 Royal Simmental Show Committee: John Pearson- Chair, Lindsay Mitchell, Billy Elmhirst OSA Advocate

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New Ron Wooddisse Performance & Efficiency Awards Ron Wooddisse was an advocate for producing Simmental cattle that excelled with carcass traits, performance, efficiency and the EPD to back them up. This competition has been developed to award those cattle that excel, have exceptional numbers, and to acknowledge producers that focus on EPDs. Classes:  Heifers – Born from July 1st of the previous calendar year to June 30th of the calendar year.  Bulls – Born from July 1st of the previous calendar year to June 30th of the calendar year. Rules: 1. Must be an OSA member to qualify. 2. No entry fee. 3. Member may enter up to 10 heifers and 10 bulls. 4. Animals will be scored based on the lowest percentile average ranking of all of the animal’s pedigree EPD’s tracked by the Canadian Simmental Association. 5. Animals that have a low or high density DNA sample reported on the animals pedigree at the entry deadline will receive 5 bonus points per EPD for the accuracy they achieve through the genomic testing. It is recommended that members submit hair sample for DNA testing to the lab prior to September 10, 2016 6. Members should use the attached form to submit animals being entered or utilize the online form on the OSA website that will submit your entries to the OSA. 7. Entry deadline is October 1st of each year and must be received by OSA Member Service by email or mail service and postmarked on or prior to the deadline date. 8. EPD numbers used will be the data posted in the CSA registry in October that year. 9. Results will be posted on the OSA website just prior to the Royal Winter Fair. 10. Awards will be presented at the Royal Winter Fair during the Simmental show. Awards: Fullblood Bulls, Purebred Bulls, Fullblood Heifers & Purebred Heifers:  Grand Champion Banner  Reserve Grand Champion Banner  Animals placing 3rd to 10th will receive an OSA Top 10 certificate Entry Forms: Entry forms can be found on the Ontario Simmental Association website. www.ontariosimmentalassociation.com

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Simmental History

Simmental is an influential breed of cattle whose history dates back to the Middle Ages. Early records indicate that Simmental cattle were the result of a cross between large German cattle and a smaller breed indigenous to Switzerland. The name Simmental is derived from the name of the area where the cattle were first bred the Simme Valley. Technically, the Simmental designation includes several breeds in Europe. The name is given specifically to the breed in Switzerland, while in Germany and Austria it is known as Fleckvieh, and in France as Pie Rouge. The Pie Rouge includes three separate herd book registries namely Abondance, Montbeliard and Pie Rouge de l'Est. In Canada the breed is known as Simmental. Parisien, the first Simmental bull brought into Canada, was imported in 1967. By 1969 the Canadian Simmental Association was incorporated under the Livestock Pedigree Act. Excellent performance in production of milk and beef, plus exceptional adaptability to a variety of environmental influences has led the Simmental breed to world-wide popularity and distribution. There are approximately 35 million head of Simmental in Europe, where they are most popular. Export to a number of other countries has resulted in an excellent representation on all five continents. Simmental breeders in a variety of countries have achieved favorable results in the crossing of Simmental with British and continental breeds. In sub-tropical areas, crossing with the indigenous breeds (eg. Brahman, Zebu) has resulted in calves exhibiting a great deal of hybrid vigor with an excellent rate of gain and an ability to withstand environmental pressure. Generations of selective breeding, with the objective of maximizing milk and beef production at minimum cost, have created a well-balanced hereditary proponent that is highly adaptable, heavily muscled, fine lined, and well conformed. Docility and exceptional mothering traits are other outstanding characteristics of the breed. Color varies from gold to red with white, and may be evenly distributed or clearly defined in patches on a white background. The head is white and often a white band appears over the shoulders. The majority have pigment around the eyes, helping to reduce eye problems which occur from bright sunlight. The heavy muscling, extraordinary length and overall size and weight of the animal are combined to produce a well fleshed carcass of solid red meat with a minimum of waste fat. In meat production, Simmental are more than competitive with all other breeds, as their body length gives a higher percentage of choice cuts. To assist cattlemen in selecting bulls that fit their needs, the Canadian Simmental Association has developed the beef cattle industry's most comprehensive Expected Progeny Difference (EPD) system. This system enables buyers to identify traits such as easy calving and low birth weight; weaning and yearling growth performances; and maternal traits such as milk, calving ease, and weaning weight. This was sourced from http://www.simmental.com/ OSA Advocate

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Become an OSA Member The OSA • Puts on the Royal Winter Fair Show, supports the youth shows. • Promotes the Simmental breed by Ads (Simmental Country, Ontario Beef, Ontario Feeders) • Attends the Ontario Beef, Ontario Feeders AGM & trade shows • Any 4H member showing a Simmental receives a Simmental gift for completing the club Benefits of being a OSA Member • Receive the Advocate • Your Farm will be put in the OSA Directory that will be put out next year for the CSA AGM 1 year | Membership (HST incl.) $50 or $55 before Jan 31st

For more Information Josh Wooddisse - Ontario Simmental Member Services Manager www.ontariosimmentalassociation.com or memberservices.osa@gmail.com

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2016 Fall Advocate  

Ontario Simmental Advocate Fall 2016 Ontario Simmental Advocate www.ontariosimmentalassociation.com The Advocate is the official publication...