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4/15/13

CDC - Fact Sheets-Excessive Alcohol Use And Men's Health - Alcohol

Fact  Sheets  -­  Excessive  Alcohol  Use  and  Risks  to  Men's Health Excessive  Alcohol  Use  and  Risks  to  Men's  Health Men  are  more  likely  than  women  to  drink  excessively  (/alcohol/faqs.htm#healthProb)  .  Excessive drinking  is  associated  with  significant  increases  in  short-­term  risks  to  health  and  safety,  and  the risk  increases  as  the  amount  of  drinking  increases.  Men  are  also  more  likely  than  women  to  take other  risks  (e.g.,  drive  fast  or  without  a  safety  belt),  when  combined  with  excessive  drinking, further  increasing  their  risk  of  injury  or  death.1-­4

Drinking  levels  for  men Approximately  63%  of  adult  men  reported  drinking  alcohol  in  the  last  30  days.  Men  (24%) were  two  times  more  likely  to  binge  drink  (/alcohol/faqs.htm#bingeDrinking)  than  women during  the  same  time  period.5 Men  average  about  12.5  binge  drinking  episodes  per  person  per  year,  while  women  average about  2.7  binge  drinking  (/alcohol/faqs.htm#bingeDrinking)  episodes  per  year.3 Most  people  who  binge  drink  are  not  alcoholics  or  alcohol  dependent.6,  7 It  is  estimated  that  about  17%  of  men  and  about  8%  of  women  will  meet  criteria  for  alcohol dependence  at  some  point  in  their  lives.8

Injuries  and  deaths  as  a  result  of  excessive  alcohol  use Men  consistently  have  higher  rates  of  alcohol-­related  deaths  and  hospitalizations  than women.1,  9,  10 Among  drivers  in  fatal  motor-­vehicle  traffic  crashes,  men  are  almost  twice  as  likely  as women  to  have  been  intoxicated  (i.e.,  a  blood  alcohol  concentration  of  0.08%  or  greater).11 Excessive  alcohol  consumption  increases  aggression  and,  as  a  result,  can  increase  the  risk  of physically  assaulting  another  person.12 Men  are  more  likely  than  women  to  commit  suicide,  and  more  likely  to  have  been  drinking prior  to  committing  suicide.13-­15

Reproductive  Health  and  Sexual  Function Excessive  alcohol  use  can  interfere  with  testicular  function  and  male  hormone  production resulting  in  impotence,  infertility,  and  reduction  of  male  secondary  sex  characteristics  such  as facial  and  chest  hair.16,  17 Excessive  alcohol  use  is  commonly  involved  in  sexual  assault.  Impaired  judgment  caused  by alcohol  may  worsen  the  tendency  of  some  men  to  mistake  a  women’s  friendly  behavior  for  sexual interest  and  misjudge  their  use  of  force.  Also,  alcohol  use  by  men  increases  the  chances  of engaging  in  risky  sexual  activity  including  unprotected  sex,  sex  with  multiple  partners,  or  sex with  a  partner  at  risk  for  sexually  transmitted  diseases.4

Cancer Alcohol  consumption  increases  the  risk  of  cancer  of  the  mouth,  throat,  esophagus,  liver,  and 18-­20 www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/mens-health.htm

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CDC - Fact Sheets-Excessive Alcohol Use And Men's Health - Alcohol

colon  in  men.18-­20 There  are  a  number  of  health  conditions  affected  by  excessive  alcohol  use  that  affect  both  men and  women.  Some  additional  conditions  are  covered  in  the  Alcohol  Use  and  Health  Fact  Sheet (/alcohol/fact-­sheets/alcohol-­use.htm)  .

References: 1.   Centers  for  Disease  Control  and  Prevention  (CDC).  Alcohol-­Related  Disease  Impact  (ARDI) (http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/DACH_ARDI/Default/Default.aspx)  .  Atlanta,  GA:  CDC. 2.   Levy  DT,  Mallonee  S,  Miller  TR,  Smith  GS,  Spicer  RS,  Romano  EO,  Fisher  DA.  Alcohol involvement  in  burn,  submersion,  spinal  cord,  and  brain  injuries (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14704631?dopt=Abstract)   (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  .  Med  Sci  Monit  2004;;  10(1):CR17–24.

3.   Naimi  TS,  Brewer  RD,  Mokdad  A,  Clark  D,  Serdula  MK,  Marks  JS.  Binge  Drinking  Among US  Adults  (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12503979?dopt=Abstract)   (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  .  JAMA  2003;;  289(1):70–75. 4.   Nolen-­Hoeksema  S.  Gender  differences  in  risk  factors  and  consequences  for  alcohol  use  and problems  (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15533281?dopt=Abstract)   (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  .  Clinical  Psychology  Review  2004;;24:981. 5.   Centers  for  Disease  Control  and  Prevention.  Behavioral  Risk  Factor  Surveillance  System prevalence  data  (/brfss)  .  Atlanta,  GA:  CDC. 6.   Dawson  DA,  Grant  BF,  LI  T-­K.  Quantifying  the  risks  associated  with  exceeding recommended  drinking  limits  (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15897737?dopt=Abstract)   (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  .  Alcohol  Clin  Exp  Res  2005;;29:902–908. 7.   Woerle  S,  Roeber  J,  Landen  MG.  Prevalence  of  alcohol  dependence  among  excessive drinkers  in  New  Mexico  (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17250622)   (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  .  Alcohol  Clin  Exp  Res  2007;;31:293–298. 8.   Hasin  DS,  Stinson  FS,  Ogburn  E,  Grant  BF.  Prevalence,  correlates,  disability,  and comorbidity  of  DSM-­IV  alcohol  abuse  and  dependence  in  the  United  States (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17606817)    (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  . Arch  Gen  Psychiatry.  2007;;64:830-­842. 9.   Minino  AM,  Heron  MP,  Murphy  SL,  Kochanek  KD.  Deaths:  final  data  for  2004   (/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr55/nvsr55_19.pdf)  [PDF  3.37MB].  National  Vital  Statistics  Report, Volume  55,  No.  19,  August  21,  2007.  Hyattsville,  MD:  CDC  National  Center  for  Health Statistics. 10.   Chen  CM,  Yi  H.  Trends  in  alcohol-­related  morbidity  among  short-­stay  community  hospital discharges,  United  States,  1979–2005   (http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/surveillance89/HDS07.pdf)   (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  [PDF  1.78MB].  Bethesda,  MD:  National  Institutes

of  Health,  National  Institute  on  Alcohol  Abuse  and  Alcoholism.  NIAAA  Surveillance  Report #80,  2007. 11.   National  Highway  Traffic  Safety  Administration.  Traffic  Safety  Facts  2006    (http://www-­ nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/810818.pdf)    (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  [PDF  990KB]. Washington,  DC:  U.S.  Department  of  Transportation,  National  Highway  Traffic  Safety Administration,  National  Center  for  Statistics  &  Analysis.  DOT  HS  810  818,  2008. 12.   Scott  KD,  Schafer  J,  Greenfield  TK.  The  roles  of  alcohol  in  physical  assault  perpetration  and victimization  (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10463810?dopt=Abstract)   (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  .  J  Stud  Alcohol  1999;;60:528–536. 13.   Hayward  l,  Zubrick  SR,  Silburn  S.  Blood  alcohol  levels  in  suicide  cases (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1645082?dopt=Abstract)   (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  .  J  Epidemiol  Community  Health  1992;;46(3):256–

260. 14.   May  PA,  Van  Winkle  NW,  Williams  MB,  McFeeley  PJ,  DeBruyn  LM,  Serna  P.  Alcohol  and suicide  death  among  American  Indians  of  New  Mexico:  1980-­1998 www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/mens-health.htm

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(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12374471?dopt=Abstract)   (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  .  Suicide  Life  Threat  Behav  2002;;32(3):240–255.

15.   Suokas  J,  Suominen  K,  Lonnqvist  J.  Chronic  alcohol  problems  among  suicide  attempters— post-­mortem  findings  of  a  14-­year  follow-­up  (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16195098? dopt=Abstract)    (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  .  Nord  J  Psychiatry 2005;;59(1):45–50. 16.   Adler  RA.  Clinically  important  effects  of  alcohol  on  endocrine  function (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1569170?dopt=Abstract)   (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  .  Journal  of  Clinical  Endocrinology  and

Metabolism  1992;;74(5):957–960. 17.   Emanuele  MA,  Emanuele  NV.  Alcohol’s  effects  on  male  reproduction

(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15706796?dopt=Abstract)   (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  .  Alcohol  Research  and  Health  1998;;  22(3):195–

201. 18.   American  Cancer  Society.  Alcohol  and  Cancer  

(http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@healthpromotions/documents/document/acsq-­ 017622.pdf)    (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  [PDF–181KB].  Atlanta,  GA:  American

Cancer  Society;;  2006. 19.   Donato  F,  Tagger  A,  Chiesa  R,  Ribero  ML,  Tomasoni  V,  Fasola  M,  et  al.  Hepatitis  B  and  C virus  infection,  alcohol  drinking  and  hepatocellular  carcinoma:  a  case-­control  study  in  Italy (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9303486?dopt=Abstract)   (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  .  Hepatology  1997;;26(3):579–584.

20.   Baan  R,  Straif  K,  Grosse  Y,  Secretan  B,  et  al.  on  behalf  of  the  WHO  International  Agency  for Research  on  Cancer  Monograph  Working  Group.  Carcinogenicity  of  alcoholic  beverages (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17431955)    (http://www.cdc.gov/Other/disclaimer.html)  . Lancet  Oncol  2007;;8:292-­293. Page  last  reviewed:  April  9,  2013 Page  last  updated:  April  9,  2013 Content  source:  Division  of  Population  Health,  National  Center  for  Chronic  Disease  Prevention  and  Health  Promotion

Centers  for  Disease  Control  and  Prevention      1600  Clifton  Rd.  Atlanta,  GA  30333,  USA 800-­CDC-­INFO  (800-­232-­4636)  TTY:  (888)  232-­6348  -­  Contact  CDC-­INFO

www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/mens-health.htm

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