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ENGAGEMENT BY DESIGN


engagement by design

design by engagement Good cities are cities in which all stakeholders feel agency in helping shape it. Good urbanism projects are driven by a diverse constituency of actors. By engaging stakeholders and actors, it is possible to better understand issues, motives, challenges, and solutions. Design can play a wide variety of roles in engagement. Throughout the years, One Architecture + Urbanism has been at the forefront of the development and deployment of design-driven tools that help bring understanding, find solutions, and build support.

re-designing the process of design


In the 2014 Rebuild By Design competition for Lower Manhattan, One Architecture co-led a community-driven urban design approach. In addition to rounds of public workshops,, the team held smaller, focused sessions with 31 community and cultural organizations, and over 40 governmental agencies at the city, state, and federal levels. This extensive engagement not only fostered good design results, it also directly led to the award of over $300M in HUD grant money for resiliency improvements in the Lower East Side.


communication & integration REBUILD BY DESIGN: THE BIG U Engagement starts with an understanding of issues. Clear visuals and models make understanding, of technical principles — of interrelationships, of local effects — much easier.

breaking complex systems down into component parts

to make accessible design tools


In a project like The Big U, or its followon pilot, the East Side Coastal Resiliency, the geographic scale and technical complexity of major infrastructure plans can be intimidating to a layperson, preempting real engagement with the design process. Through models and diagrams, the team helps the community visualize complex urban systems. For coastal resiliency projects, such as the Big U and ESCR, breaking down the larger project into its component parts (while explaining the applications and limitations of each) has proven to be an effective approach.

TYPES OF FLOOD MITIGATION

Options for resiliency have varying forms and levels of reliability: from wide and TYPES OFlevees FLOOD PROTECTION passive earthen to narrow and even removable flood walls and deployable elements.

DEPLOYABLE

FLOOD WALL

BERM / LEVEE

8

Early in the Big U development process, foam versions of floodwalls, berms, and deployables were given to residents as tools with which to “Design Your Waterfront,� emulating the thought-processes of the design and engineering team. Interacting directly with design issues in this manner facillitates discussion of trade-offs.


improving design solutions NYC COASTAL RESILIENCY Locals know more. Citizens are looking at different things than professionals. Clear visuals and clear information can help unlock this knowledge, and these points of view, ultimately leading to better and better-supported plans.

leveraging the community’s on-the-ground knowledge

to focus design energy where impact will be greatest


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In COASTAL this research-oriented workshop for ESCR, EAST SIDE RESILIENCY PROJECT residents traced their19 &typical COMMUNITYneighborhood ENGAGEMENT SESSION: WATERFRONT USE AND ACCESS out MARCH 23, 2015 access pathways on a map, with the help of a facilitator, SURVEY MAP RESPONSES: addiing qualitative notations with post-it notes. HOW DO YOU GET TO THE EAST RIVER WATERFRONT? BOW ERY

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Ave. C and FDR

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“This staircase is dangerously steep!”

“THIS IS A DANGEROUS AREA. BIKES RIDE FAST DOWN THE RAMP AND CARS ARE PULLING OUT OF THE PARKING LOT AT THE SAME TIME ”

STRE

ET

“MANY CYCLISTS USE THIS RAMP”

RAMP”

2

“MANY CYCLISTS “THIS STAIRCASE USE THIS RAMP” IS DANGEROUSLY STEEP”

“THERE AREN’T ENOUGH TREES BY THE DELANCEY “THERE AREN’T ENOUGH TREES BY THE DELANCEYRAMP” “THE MAJOR BUS ROUTES “THE MAJOR BUS ROUTES STOP ON GRAND STREET”

WIDEN THE BRIDGE TO ALLO

“Ensure it remains wheelchair friendly and accessible by all.”

access point

“THIS IS A DANGEROUS AREA. BIKES RIDE FAST DOWN THE RAMP AND CARS ARE PULLING OUT OF THE PARKING LOT AT THE SAME TIME ”

“THIS AREA IS VERY NOISY”

DELA

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E23rd Street

access point

access point

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PROVIDE FLUID ACCESS TO THE PARK VIA GENTLE RAMPS

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“THIS AREA IS VERYPARK NOISY” 9% ST

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9%

ST

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ED of the Williamsburg Bridge, a lack of trees, and poor lighting contribute to an atmosphere that feels unpleasant and PROJECT ID: SANDRESM1 FOR DISCUSSION dangerous at night. MURPHY EAST SIDE COASTAL RESILIENCY 9% PURPOSES ONLY DRAFT

“PEOPLE OFTEN GET MUGGED HERE”

“THIS STAIRCASE IS DANGEROUSLY STEEP”

“Widen the Delancey Street brid bikes and pedestrians.”

“Bikes and pedestrians should b WIDEN THE BRIDGE TO ALLOW FOR MULTIMODAL CIRCULATION

“We’d like a wide bridge with sep

“Widen the Delancey Street bridge to include separate lanes for bikes and pedestrians.”

3

ANNOUNCE ENTRY TO THE P “Bikes and pedestrians should be separated by a green barrier.” “We’d like a wide bridge with separate lanes!”

3

“We would like benches on the b

ANNOUNCE ENTRY TO THE PARK THROUGH LANDSCAPING

“More vegetation on the bridge!”

“We would like benches on the bridge to be able to rest.” “It would be nice to see greenery “More vegetation on the bridge!” “It would be nice to see greenery on your way to the park”

4

“PEOPLE OFTEN GET MUGGED HERE”

4

CREATE A CONNECTION FROM

CREATE A CONNECTION FROM GRAND STREET?

“Build a new bridge at Grand Stre

“Build a new bridge at Grand Street and rehabilitate the Delancey Street bridge!” Street bridge!”

“We would prefer an entrance at

STOP ON GRAND STREET”

“We would prefer an entrance at Grand St rather than Delancey.” “A ramp from Grand St would link to the bus stops.”

5

GRA

ND S GR TREAN ET D S

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ADDRESS SAFETY CONCERNS BY IMPROVING LIGHTING ADDRESS SAFETY CONCERNS “Safety and visibility are key!”

TRE

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“A ramp from Grand St would lin

“Safety and visibility are key!”

“We need more lighting at night, this is a dangerous area.”

“We need more lighting at night

“People often get mugged here.”

“People often get mugged here.”

6

DELANCEY ST BRIDGE

DELANCEY ST BRIDGE

INCORPORATE SIGNAGE “Signage would help visitors” “We need better wayfinding signage!”

6

“You could include interesting landmarks too.”

INCORPORATE SIGNAGE “Signage would help visitors”

“We need better wayfinding sign

“You could include interesting la

Feedback is distilled into digestable format, using both color-coded verbatim quotes from residents as well as outlined summaries of discussion. These evalutations function as both communication tool and design driver.


exploring possibilities RANDSTAD 2040 Scenarios are used in One’s projects in three ways. First, to explore possibilities and to understand the interaction between the different aspects of a spatial system. Secondly, to help frame conversations. Different aspects are integrated and their spatial and territorial effects visualized such that they can be discussed. Subsequently the integrated scenarios can be used to distill the robust elements of a plan, and the areas where freedom or uncertainty reign.

continually re-thinking the form of the plan itself

(at any stage in the process)

defining the degree of freedom for engagement

... leading to “a plan that works�


ne planning Randstad 2040 - U0706

Over the past decade, One Architecture has worked prominently on the Netherlands’ spatial planning. Initially for private clients, One helped develop the project for Schiphol at Sea and, in a series of studies for the Consortium Trans rapid, ‘Randstad Round’. In the past years, One has worked on the majority of the national government’s most important planning projects. One Architecture’s expertise in these projects extends from design to Inconsultancy andVision the use of scenario’s the Struture Randstad 2040, for for planthe longterm One planing of the western of the Netherlands, ning. Recently, is also involved in part the long term plana number of scenarios were developed in designer led ning for the Governments of Flanders and Germany. workshops. This process started with a “design studio” exploringparticular and establishing which In these projects, attentionnetworks is givenupon to the pos-three potential future scenarios could be based. sibilities of new technological developments, such as smart

cities, and the ways in which public and private parties work together in ‘making city’. typical projects include: Structure ViSion randStad 2040 For the long-term planning of the western part of the Netherlands, the densely populated Randstad, Matthijs Bouw led the design studio for networks, and developed, in the integration studio, the three different future scenarios that formed the basis of the Government plan.

Buitenstad Ontwikkelingsbeeld Ruim en ontspannen wonen op het zand

Wereldstad Ontwikkelingsbeeld

Kuststad Ontwikkelingsbeeld Hoogdynamisch leven omringd door landschap

IJMUIDEN 0 1

5

10

0

20

10

20km 0

LEGENDA INFRASTRUCTUUR station

WOONGEBIEDEN

meren

LEGENDA

meren inundatie gebied

nieuwe bebouwing

INFRASTRUCTUUR

rivieren

zichtlandschap collisenlandschap polderlandschap

Betuwe lijn

spoor verhoogde capaciteit lightrail

station

BEDRIJVIGHEID INFRASTRUCTUUR

bedrijventerrein glas tuinbouw

patchworklandschap grebbelinie

snelwegen

industrie

spoor verhoogde capaciteit

te saneren industrie gebied bestaand industrie gebied bestaande bebouwing nieuwe bebouwing stedelijk netwerk WERV

lightrail

KNOPEN

ALGEMEEN

natuur recreatie bio-massa centrale

auto / OV verbinding (P+R) Research and Development (Food Valley)

BEDRIJVIGHEID

auto / OV verbinding

patchwork landschap

reservering rivierenland

bestaande bebouwing nieuwe bebouwing

grebbelinie hoofdlandschappelijke structuren

havenindustrie glas tuinbouw

stations

groen

uitbreidingsgebied natura 2000

auto / OV verbinding (P+R) Research and Development (Food Valley)

natuur recreatie veenweidegebied

BaukulturatlaS deutSchland 2030/2050 One Architecture supports the Berlin-based office Raumtaktik in this 2-year long project for two federal German ministries. The aim of the project is to develop long-term future scenarios for Germany, and to research how these scenarios might be implemented on a local level. open Source/open data eindhoVen ‘Smart Cities’ offer numerous possibilities for efficiency. With Eindhoven, the Netherlands’ most technologically advanced region, One Architecture is exploring the effects of large-scale government investment in open source/open data infrastructure.

V

R

nieuwe bebouwing

greenports

V

R

V

binnenlandschappen

luchthaven (main port)

veenweidegebied

NOORDWIJK

natte as

reservering rivierenland natte as

waterland deltalandschap

WATER

KATWIJK

Hollandse meren reserveringsgebied rivieren

INFRASTRUCTUUR

kantoor cluster

snelwegen oude kustlijn urbane routes (blauw) urbane routes (stedelijk) top vestigingsmilieu

zorg cluster

R

recreatieve voorzieningen

V

stedelijke voorzieningen top vestigingsmilieu

R

recreatieve voorzieningen

R

KNOPEN kenniscentra en congresfaciliteiten V

V

top top vestigingsmilieu vestigingsmilieu

stedelijkeeconomie voorzieningen creatieve en experiment

kenniscentra en congresfaciliteiten

R

recreatieve voorzieningen recreatieve voorzieningen

DEN HAAG

creatieve economie en experiment

V

stedelijke voorzieningen stedelijke voorzieningen kenniscentra en congresfaciliteiten kenniscentra en congresfaciliteiten creatieve economie en experiment economisch programma

V V

HOEK VAN HOLLAND

V

R

V

V

R

V

kenniscentra en congresfaciliteiten

• Buitenstad is geen passief scenario • Hand in hand met landschap •

Concentratie voorwaarde topmilieu

• Benutten van de unique sellingpoints van de Randstad

In de Buitenstad vindt veel van de nieuwe ontwikkeling plaats daar waar bouwen het eenvoudigst en aantrekkelijkst is; op het zand. Losjes vergelijkbaar met het ‘combinatiescenario’ van Nederland Later, strekt de Buitenstad zich uit tot in de Gelderse Vallei en de Brabantse Stedenrij.

De Kuststad is een compact stedelijk gebied, dooraderd door kwalitatieve dragers die bestaan uit groene en blauwe routes, cultuurhistorische kernen, nieuwe stedelijke knooppunten en nieuwe landschappen.

De Wereldstad bouwt voort op ‘unique selling points’ van de Randstad zoals de kennis-economie, toerisme en mainport Schiphol. Dit ter versterking van de internationale concurrentiekracht..

Er is voldoende massa voor een gevarieerd aanbod aan wonen, werken, kennis, recreatie, cultuur en stedelijkheid.

Hoog-stedelijke kwaliteiten in de bestaande stedelijke gebieden worden versterkt, in contrast met nabij gelegen grote attractieve landschappen zoals waterstad en de delta-natuur.

Het ontwikkelingsbeeld Buitenstad is op veel manieren te kenschetsen als het ‘marktscenario’. Naast een verstedelijkingpatroon dat de ondergrond volgt en onnodige complexiteit uit de weg gaat, biedt het mogelijkheden voor de vervulling van de wens om ruim te wonen.

Een lightrail systeem en een fijnmazig autonetwerk -maximumsnelheid 70 km per uurondersteunen het totale stedelijke netwerk.

Nieuw programma wordt geconcentreerd in de Amsterdamse agglomeratie, die zich uitstrekt van Amersfoort tot Beverwijk en van Nieuw-Vennep tot Zeewolde. Binnen deze agglomeratie ontstaat een goed verknoopt netwerk van verbindingen.

Om het goed functionerend te realiseren en internationaal concurrerend te maken zijn een aantal drastische wijzigingen nodig ten opzichte van de huidige RO-praktijk.

Voorwaarde voor het maken van de Kuststad is dat één gebiedsautoriteit de regie gaat voeren. Binnen die regie is volop ruimte voor publieke, private en maatschappelijke partners om deel te nemen en bij te dragen aan de verschillende ontwikkelingen.

In de Zuidvleugel wordt ingezet op een kwaliteitsimpuls door te investeren het landschap, verbetering van voorzieningen en van het OV systeem en selectief toevoegen van groene woonmilieus.

In plaats van het oplossen van de verstedelijkingsvraag in Almere of achter de geluidswal, wordt het wonen sterk geënt op het landschap, in dichtheden die aanmerkelijk lager zijn dan nu gewoon is. (Deze worden gecomplementeerd met het incidentele project in zeer hoge dichtheid). Behalve in de meest robuuste natuurgebieden vervlecht de natuur en de landbouw zich met de verstedelijking.

Wat kan eruit?

Nieuwe topmilieus voor wonen en werken Groene hart wordt buitenlandschap Stedelijk groen wordt binnenlandschap Draaien landingsbanen Schiphol Nationale en regionale transferia Transformatie en verdichting Menging van functies

Koppeling weg en lightrail systeem

De auto wordt geaccepteerd voor lokaal verkeer; bij grotere afstanden ligt het voor de hand vanuit de auto over te stappen op OV. Dat betekent dat auto en OV sterker geïntegreerd zullen worden, en dat de bestemmingen geconcentreerd worden, om het wonen juist vrij te kunnen laten.

Nieuwe interpretatie stadsranden

Structure Vision Randstad Three Opgave strategic models to talk about the functionality Looptijd december 2007 - mei 2008 and the2040’ positioning ofhetprogram and‘Randstad infrastructure. ‘Randstad is onderdeel van kabinetsprogramma Urgent’. Hierin werken gemeenten, provincies en stadsregio’s samen aan een sterke Randstad en een sterk Nederland.

Opdrachtgever VROM

In de eerste fase van het Randstad 2040 project hebben drie bureaus de leiding genomen in de ontwerp ateliers Groen-Blauw, Stad-Land, en Netwerken. One Architecture is door het ministerie van VROM gevraagd leiding te geven aan het Atelier Netwerken. De resultaten van deze ateliers zijn op verschillende plaatsen in Nederland tentoongesteld en gebruikt als voeding voor het debat omtrent de Randstad.

Team BVR Feddes Olthof One Architecture

Na een debatronde met conclusies zijn in de tweede fase de elementen uit de ontwerpateliers gezamenlijk uitgewerkt tot drie toekomstbeelden: Buitenstad, Kuststad en Wereldstad. In deze fase heeft One Architecture tevens een gebiedsuitwerking binnen het toekomstbeeld Buitenstad uitgewerkt. Daarbij is vanuit de beelden een advies opgesteld over de toekomst van de Randstad, welke moet leiden tot een kabinetsbesluit in het najaar van 2008.

Self-sufficient water system

Bio-filtration system

De drie toekomstbeelden zijn tentoongesteld in o.a. het NAI en Arcam.

Rainwater collection for sports field

Seperate drinking & use water

olympic main infraStructure 2028 One Architecture (with ZJA) designs the Olympic Main Infrastructure, the spatial and infrastructural measures for the Netherlands’ 2028 Olympic Bid. In addition, One leads the ‘innovation agendas’ of government and industry that form the basis of the bid.

V

kust

bestaande bebouwing

hoogwaterdijk

stedelijk netwerk WERV

KNOPEN

luchthaven (main port)

water

spoor

universiteit R&D cluster economische knoop

nieuwe bebouwing

zorg cluster

LANDSCHAPPEN

HSL

strand bebossing

bestaande bebouwing

nieuw station

ALGEMEEN

snelwegen

KNOPEN cultureel hotspot

NATUUR & LANDSCHAP

bestaand industrie gebied bestaand station

dijk

kantoor cluster zorg cluster

LEGENDA

INFRASTRUCTUUR

Betuwe lijn

BEDRIJVIGHEID

patchworklandschap

te saneren industrie gebied

kantoor cluster

overig groen natte as

zichtlandschap collisenlandschap polderlandschap

natuur recreatie natura 2000

nieuw industrie gebied

universiteit R&D cluster

veenweidegebied

coulissen landschap Hollandsche Waterlinie

KNOPEN

ZANDVOORT

LEGENDA WOONGEBIEDEN

meren inundatie gebied rivieren

Betuwe lijn spoor

bebossing groen

LANDSCHAPPEN

intercity station

doorzetten snelweg

Betuwe lijn spoor lightrail

strand

nieuw station

secondaire wegennet

HSL

NATUUR & LANDSCHAP

uitbreidingsgebied natura 2000

snelwegen

secondaire wegennet

bollen industrie

hoofdlandschappelijke structuren natuur recreatie natura 2000

nieuw industrie gebied

20km

WATER

bestaande bebouwing

inundatie gebied rivieren

secondaire wegennet

spoor

10

LEGENDA LANDSCHAPPEN

intercity station nieuw station snelwegen

doorzetten snelweg

BEDRIJVIGHEID

10 World

Nation

Urban

Olympic village

Building

selectie 19 aug 2008.indd 10

Consumer

Product

20-8-2008 9:09:56

Products

Consumers

Buildings

Landscape

Infrastructure

Urban

Olympic Main Infrastructure Research to the meaning of the waterfootprint for the disciplines of planning, urbanism and architecture.

In these scenarios, critical issues were framed distinctly, such that they could be discussed. The second phase of the process, “the integration studio,” considered all of the potentialities together in order to form the basis of the Government plan.

ne architecture

PO box 15816 – 1001 NH Amsterdam The Netherlands

www.onearchitecture.nl – office@onearchitecture.nl

t +31 20 470 00 40


design co-creation GOUDA OOST Working together on plans is a great way to gather knowledge, build relationships and get a genuine sense of ownership of a project.

information gathering through workshops and excursions with locals

co-creation workshops to arrive at solutions


Information-gathering begins with listening. In Gouda, the design team utilized surveys, interviews, and open-ended workshops, through which decades of local knowledge could be overlaid on initial site sketches. These first plans led to the generation of a set of potential futures for each key area withing the district.

For the Gouda Oost town planning efforts, which spanned multiple lots and projects, One created an Presentatie bewoners Gouda Oost –at3 different maart 2009 expandedOne site Architecture model which Amsterdam allowed for –“plug and play” of different options locations.

Free-form modelling was also used with community groups, allowing designers and residents to jointly explore ideas. By working together, issues can be resolved in real-time, rather than after a formalized design proposal has been presented.


building long-term interest DELHI 2050: DWARKA The ultimate goal of an engagement process is to build a constituency that will see to it that a plan is followed through well, long after the politicians and the consultants have left the stage. One Architecture + Urbanism uses design tools and small on-site installations to bring issues into the community as a first step into building a long-term interest.

highlighting key issues through design

soliciting and incorporating input to create momentum


Delhi 2050 has been promoting a broad conversation about Delhi’s long-term development with local government bodies, universities, NGO’s and the local population. The project Water in Dwarka, with the aim of mapping the water issues in Dwarka, and, through design research and an intensive on the ground process with local stakeholders, articulates a series of concrete implementable projects that will help address the water shortage.

The team approached the water issues holistically, using design to explore different opportunities at all scale levels, while integrating different sectors and working with all stakeholders. The water crisis in Dwarka is such, it became clear, that every feasible measure is necessary to stem it.


reducing risk AMSTELLAAN In many ways, engagement by design is a great risk reduction strategy. It strengthens a community which helps reduce social risks. It can help generate buy-in which helps reduce political risks. It can help make a plan more useful which helps reduce economic risks. And by using design instruments to engage other partners in a development and construction process, such as the engineers and the contractors, construction risks can be greatly reduced.

using design instruments to de-isolate proposals

generating local buy-in through engagement


ntwerp: volg en geluid vingsontwerp: volg grondwater en geluid millions millions grondwater eranderingen in het in verticale alignement eineook veranderingen het verticale alignement aar op groot Herontwerp

Infrastructuur als een element Risico 32 32 & landschap 24 24

s. Inmiddels is de

1ste plan 2e dimensie 1ste plan 2e dimensie

Ru st

In Deventer, One has taken a challenging infrastructure project out of its isolation by One Architecture linking it to the wider urban Politiek Herontwerp Uitvoeringsrisico Herontwerp edevormgevend Risico 32 transformation and, hence, to 32 24 24 the community, and through that found the space for an optimal solution.

Alternatief plan plan Alternatief

24

32 32

2e dimensie 2e dimensie 2eDedimensie verbreding en inpassing van de Amstellaan, een doorgaande rou-

Alternatief 24plan 24

24

1ste plan

Infrastructuur & landschap als ee Infrastructuur & landschap

24

Alternatief plan plan Alternatief

Alternatief planAmstellaan Amstellaan

One’s u Alternatief plan

Rivierenwijk Rivierenwijk

1e versie: verdiept, extra woningen erop

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door kleine veranderingen in het in verticale alignement doormaar kleine veranderingen het verticale alignement Deze variant bleek plots niet alleen binnen budget, ook op groot Herontwerp enthousiasme te kunnen rekenen vanUitvoeringsrisico de wijkbewoners. Inmiddels is de variant uitgewerkt en klaar voor de aanbesteding. Het ontwerp is het resultaat van niet-linear denken. One Architecture 1ste plan liet de complexiteit van stad, bewoners en proces 1stemedevormgevend plan zijn voor het ontwerp.

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te, is altijd het grote struikelblok geweest voor de herstructurering van de Rivierenwijk in Deventer. De gebiedsontwikkelaars en de ingenieurs hebben door de jaren heen veel varianten uit de hoge hoed getoverd, allemaal even onhaalbaar of onwenselijk, en allemaal vooral gedacht vanuit de infrastructuur. In 2011 heeft One Architecture de rollen omgedraaid. We hebben de techneuten dienstbaar gemaakt aan de ontwerpers en een nieuwe variant gemaakt.

Rivierenwijk Rivierenwijk

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Omgevingsontwerp: volg grondwater en geluid Omgevingsontwerp: volg grondwater en geluid door kleine veranderingen in het in verticale alignement doormaar kleine veranderingen het verticale alignement Deze variant bleek plots niet alleen binnen budget, ook op groot

De verbreding en inpassing van de Amstellaan, een doorgaande rouAmstellaan Amstellaan Alternatief plan One’svanuitgevoerde Amstellaan te, is altijd het grote struikelblok geweest voor de herstructurering van enthousiasme te kunnen rekenen de wijkbewoners. plan Inmiddels is de

de Rivierenwijk in Deventer. De gebiedsontwikkelaars en de ingenieurs uitgewerkt alternatief plan: tunnelvariant in park, viaduct in wijk en klaar voor de aanbesteding. Amstellaan hebben door de jaren heen veel varianten uit de hoge hoed getoverd, Het ontwerp is het resultaat van niet-linear denken. One Architecture Rivierenwijk Rivierenwijk Rivierenwijk allemaal even onhaalbaar of onwenselijk, en allemaal vooral gedacht liet de complexiteit van stad, bewoners en proces medevormgevend vanuit de infrastructuur. zijn voor het ontwerp. 32 32 Rivierenwijk In 2011 heeft One Architecture de rollen omgedraaid. We hebben de techneuten dienstbaar gemaakt aan de ontwerpers en een nieuwe variant gemaakt. De weg is niet maatgevend, maar de wijk Infrastructuur en park zijn één Door beide vraagstukken tegelijkertijd te Het ontwerp is integraal bedacht: infrastructuur, ontwerpen kunnen processenAlternatief op elkaar 24plan 1ste plan werken samen. De weg manifesteert zich niet als 24 1ste plan Alternatief plan van. Het geluid wordt 1ste Alternatief One’snieu afgestemd worden: plan De infrastructuur volgt maar is er onderdeel One’splan uitgevoerde plan Een kant inkant altijd droog: dede andere kant iskant soms nat de wijk. De belangrijkste opgave zijn een wijze: soms doo Een in altijd droog: de andere is soms nat scherm maar op een hybride 1ste plan Alternatief 1e versie: verdiept, extra woningen erop One Architecture wijk-wijk verbindingen. Input van bewoners taluds, soms door een kort scherm, soms doorpla de is Infrastructuur daarbij essentieel. En als men ook fysiek als een element de weg en een randelement. Er is kruislings zicht & landschap Omgevingsontwerp: volg grondwater en geluid Infrastructuur & landschap als een&element Omgevingsontwerp: volg grondwater en geluid denkt vanuit de wijk, bijvoorbeeld in het zondere gebouwen en op de monumentale bome Infrastructuur landschap als een Alternatief plan N Alternatief plan Omgevingsontwerp: volg grondwater en wijkniveau geluid hoogtealignement, dan blijkt dat ook veel lopen onder de viaducten door en verbreden zi door kleine veranderingen in het verticale alignement grondwater door kleine veranderingen in het verticale alignement beter te kloppen met vraagstukken als het sociale veiligheid. Infrastructuur door kleine veranderingen in hetgrondwater, verticalewaardoor alignement Omgevingsontwerp: volg grondwater en geluid wegniveau alles goedkoper 8,7 meter 8,7 meter wordt. door kleine veranderingen in het verticale alignement

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Amstellaan d, maar de wijk Infrastructuur en park zijn één Rivierenwijk 32 Rivierenwijk By rethinking the broader context Infrastructuur & landschap als een elementRivierenwijk 32 32 tegelijkertijd inte which the infrastructure was Het ontwerp is integraal bedacht: infrastructuur, landschap en stad Rivierenwijk nt 32 zich niet als ‘goot’ door de wijk, planned, new avenues for design werken samen. De weg manifesteert ssen op elkaar opened, allowing for comprehensive De weg is niet maatgevend, maar de wijk Infrastructuur en park zijn één frastructuur3evolgt Doorvan. beide vraagstukken tegelijkertijd tewordt niet opgevangen maar is er onderdeel Het geluid doorinfrastructuu Het ontwerp is integraal bedacht: (previously dimensie 3eundiscovered) dimensie solutions ontwerpen kunnen processen op elkaar werken samen. De weg manifesteert zich niet a 3e dimensie ltijd de andere kantcommunity iskant soms nat afgestemd worden: De infrastructuur volgtsoms door afstand, 24issupport. opgave de maar is er onderdeel van. door Het geluid wordt n which garnered een scherm maar op een hybride wijze: soms One’s uitgevoerde plan nt indroog: altijdzijn droog: de andere soms nat Een kant altijd dede andere kant iskant soms de wijk. De belangrijkste opgave Eeninkant indroog: altijdzijn droog: de andere is nat somseen nat scherm maar op een hybride wijze: soms do 24 3e dimensie 24 wijk-wijk verbindingen. Input van bewoners taluds, soms door een kort scherm, put van bewoners taluds, soms door een kort scherm, soms door de hoogteligging vansoms door is Infrastructuur daarbij essentieel. En als men ook fysiek als een element de weg en een randelement. Er is kruislings zic &24 landschap Omgevingsontwerp: volg grondwater en geluid Infrastructuur & landschap als een element Omgevingsontwerp: volg grondwater en geluid denkt vanuit de wijk, bijvoorbeeld in het zondere gebouwen en op de monumentale bom Infrastructuur & landschap s landschap men ook fysiek Alternatief Omgevingsontwerp: volg grondwater enAlternatief geluid de weg en een randelement. Erplanis plan kruislings zicht oplopende wijk, de bij-als een &voorbeeld als een element hoogtealignement, dan blijkt dat ook veel onder de viaducten door en verbreden door kleine veranderingen in het verticale alignement Infrastructuur & landschap als een element door kleine veranderingen in het verticale alignement beter te kloppen met vraagstukken als het sociale veiligheid. door zondere kleine veranderingen in verticale alignement Omgevingsontwerp: volg grondwater geluid gebouwen en op de monumentale bomen. De Nieuwste landschappen Infrastructuur &hetlandschap alseneen element lan plan in het Nieuwste plan 8,7Infrastructuu grondwater, waardoor alles goedkoper meter atief plan 8,7 meter wordt. door kleine veranderingen in het verticale alignement ijkt dat ook veel lopen onder de viaducten door en verbreden zich voor een betere -4,9 meter * -4,9 meter * -4,25 meter ** -4,25 meter ** agstukken als het en geluid sociale veiligheid. InfrastructuurWijkvernieuwing & landschap als ement rondwater alles goedkoper 8,7Wijkvernieuwing meter 8,7 meter 32 Infrastructuur & landschap als een element32 n het verticale alignement 32 ent 32 * -4,9 meter alternatief plan: tunnel in park, viaduct in wijk

* Waterniveau maximaal eens in 7eens jaarin 7 jaar * Waterniveau maximaal ** Normaal water niveau ** Normaal water niveau

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creating agency HACKABLE METROPOLIS BSH One of the main goals of the development of ‘engagement-bydesign’ instruments is to give agency to the many actors that help make a city. One Architecture + Urbanism believes that cities will be successful and resilient if they channel local interests and resources into the city making process, and that design is essential to capturing these.

re-writing the rules of development + planning

to enable ground-up approaches


A ‘hackable city’ approach to citymaking should allow citizens, private and governmental parties to retain value(-s) within a city, or neighborhood. It raises a number of the bigger questions that also relate to BSH. What does smart urbanism mean from a governance perspective: can we imagine an infrastructure of the city (in its broadest sense) that welcomes ‘civic hacks’? How could the city as a system be opened up, so hacking into it will be easier for citizens, in such a way that it will still serve the public interest and serve the local economy, energy production, food chain, social agenda, mobility and cultural well being?

The ‘hackable metropolis’ is based on the notion of the circular economy, utilizing a set of digital tools for bringing stakeholders together to co-ideate business cases.

In Buiksloterham, the self-builders and self-developers have organized themselves in a collective that shares

experiences, combines marketing efforts, creates a sense of community and that wants to provide the city with alternative development options. In early 2015, the first “self-built” homes in Buiksloterham began to reach completion. Over the course of the year, dozens more would initiate construction.


iterating design + engagement

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DESIGN: URBAN RESEARCH Before first going before the community, the design team must begin with contextual urban research, in order to establish the set of questions to be asked. In this way, a series of hypotheses are articulated which can thereby be tested in the workshops.

DESIGN: CREATIVE TOOLKIT As an alternative (or complement) to defining questions, the team can instead provide a toolkit for the community to use in creating their own responses or evaluations. These can take the form of physical design elements, to be placed upon a site, or by defining urbanistic terms and giving color-coded stickers with which to evaluate a map area.

ENGAGE: QUERY + SURVEY Once the questions are established, they can be put before community participants. Materials gathered during the research process help inform and guide the activities. Depending on the types of answers sought, questions can take the form of surveys, interactive worksheets, or open discussion.

ENGAGE: WORKSHOP Given a simplified version of the actual tools that will be employed by the design team, community members are empowered to walk through the design process themselves, bringing about a closer understanding of the limitations and trade-offs that are inherent to infrastructure projects.

EVAL: DISTILLATION Perhaps the most critical step in the iterative process is the evaluation of feedback, as this both feeds into the next design cycle and is communicated back to the community in future workshops -- showing unequivocally, “hey, we’re listening to you.”

EVAL: INTERPRETATION Open-ended workshops, while effective at maximizing participation, put a great burden on the design team to interpret the feedback into actionable information. Two important considerations in evaluation are apparent patterns (i.e., groupings of similar responses/approaches) and strong geographical clusterings (highlighting potential focus areas).


DESIGN SYNTHESIS

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DESIGN: ALTERNATIVES Iterative design is already a part of most architectural practices. In the Engagment-by-Design model, these iterations are combined with community engagment. Selected design approaches which respond to specific considerations are presented, which can be evaluated by the community.

DESIGN: SYNTHESIS Through multiple iterations of design, community feedback, and evaluation, a multitude of revisions have occurred. The resulting project grows from this foundation, synthesizing the set of inputs into a compreshensive approach for the design area.

ENGAGE: WORKSHOP When given the full range of possible approaches, the community can discuss the positives and negatives inherent to each, with the help of a facilitator familiar with the technical concerns and limitations.

ENGAGE: FEEDBACK Whereas previous workshop sessions might focus energy on critical areas or specific issues, this cycle is intended to generate feedback on the project as a whole.

EVAL: COMPILATION Evaluating the feedback of design alternatives is two-fold: first, to see whether or not a general consensus has formed around certain options, and second, what specific elements of each option are considered most positively and negatively.

EVAL: ANALYSIS Analyzing the collected feedback, the team can identify areas of community concern and target further design refinement efforts accordingly.


engagement in practice

project: East Side Coastal Resiliency key collaborators: Bjarke Ingels Group, Starr Whitehouse, Arcadis, CH2M, Hazen and Sawyer year: 2015 - present client: New York City Mayor’s Office for Recovery and Resiliency; NYC Department of Design & Construction; NYC Department of Parks and Recreation role: One co-led (with BIG) the overall urban design as well as the community engagement efforts.

project: Rebuild By Design: Integrated Flood Protection System for Lower Manhattan. “The Big U.” key collaborators: Bjarke Ingels Group, Starr Whitehouse, JLP+D, Level infrastructure, Buro Happold, Arcadis, Green Shield Ecology, AE Consultancy, Project Projects year: 2014 client: HUD/ Sandy Task Force role: One co-led (with BIG) the overall design as well as the community engagement efforts.

ESCR: EAST SIDE COASTAL RESILIENCY

REBUILD BY DESIGN: “THE BIG U”

Building on the public outreach led during the Rebuild by Design competition, the ESCR project team engaged the East Side community in a series of workshops designed to demystify the flood protection options under consideration and generate excitement about the open space and access improvements associated with this unique project. Four rounds of workshops for each of two project areas were conducted from March to October of 2015. In the first round, participants shared key information about how they used and accessed East River parks and waterfront facilities. In the second round, the team sought more detailed feedback on improving specific pedestrian access points. In the third round, participants evaluated and ranked design options for both flood protection and access improvements. The last round functioned as a capstone of the concept design phase, providing feedback on the synthesized “preferred alternative” and setting the stage for further engagement in the design development phase.

In the Rebuild By Design competition for Lower Manhattan, One Architecture co-led a community-driven urban design approach. Two rounds of open-invitation public workshops were held in the neighborhoods most affected by Hurricane Sandy, where participants were introduced to a resilient design “tool kit” and given the opportunity to propose protection strategies and program concepts in exercises titled “Design Your Waterfront.” Concurrent to both the design development and the public outreach, the team held smaller, focused workshops with 31 community and cultural organizations, and over 40 governmental agencies at the city, state, and federal levels. This extensive engagement not only fostered good design results, it also directly led to the award of over $300M in HUD grant money for resiliency improvements in the Lower East Side.


INNOVATION DISTRICT BUIKSLOTERHAM Buiksloterham is a former brownfield area in AmsterdamNorth, currently under redevelopment. The Economic Board of the City of Amsterdam assigned Buiksloterham the status of Innovation District / Urban Living Lab. A traditional large scale top down masterplan was designed, but due to the current economic crisis and the level of pollution in certain parts of the neighborhood all development came to a standstill. A number of stakeholders took this chance to develop this area with a new bottom up approach partly based on individual initiatives and partly on several collaborations. Shaping an environment based upon a circular economy and circular sustainability framework. One Architecture is part of this development and currently working on three projects in the area: 1. Hackable Buiksloterham: Together with The project: OHS; Metropolis Masterplanning of Infrastructure for the Mobile City One has developed the notion of ‘Hackable Olympic Games 2028 In aZwarts Hackable Metropolis new technologies key Metropolis’. collaborators: & Jansma Architecten are used to open up urban institutions and infrastructures year: 2011 - 2012 to VROM systemic(The change in the of public interest. It combines topclient: Ministry Spatial Planning) down smart city technologies with bottom-up citizen’ role: As project leader, One organized ‘smart the team, initiatives. Within a research framework Buiksloterham maintained client relationships with the differentis used as aand living lab to explore these issues. ministries cities, organized the extensive 2. ELTA: To put the money where our is One initiated stakeholder process (more than 100mouth organizations), led a housing development for 20 sustainable, zero-energy the ‘research by design’, and developed the roadmap. apartments for families. Each equipped with a flexible floorplan and large outdoor spaces, accommodating different housing needs. 3. Circular Buiksloterham: The creation of a long term vision for the transition of Buiksloterham to a biobased-, smartand circular neighborhood. The ambitions are high and interventions broad: from energy targets, water recycling and harvesting to socioeconomic development, health and wellbeing. OHS: OLYMPIC GAMES 2028

Buiksloterham

project: Hackable Metropolis Buiksloterham, ELTA, Circular Buiksloterham key collaborators: The Mobile City, Delva Landscape Architects, Bot Bouw year: 2013 - present (under construction) client: NWO (Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research), Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, Cooperatieve Vereniging Buiksloterham, One Architecture, Vereniging ELTA (ELTA association) role: One initiated both the research and the housing project and, because of its knowledge in creating sustainable environments, is a core member of the circular Buiksloterham team.

ELTA

HACKABLE CITY: BUIKSLOTERHAM 6 5 4 3

project: Metropolis Buiksloterham, Circular The coreHackable of the advice is that the Netherlands ELTA, are basically too small to organize the Olympics. It is spatially small. It Buiksloterham is organizationally is mentally small. ArchiHow key collaborator: Thefragmented. Mobile City,It Delva Landscape to plan big in a small country? The Olympic Plan, so the tects, Bot Bouw analysis goes, is a good way to deal with this tension, but year: 2013fails from planning perspective. The time-dimension of client: NWOa (Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Replanning is much larger than the time-dimension of building search), of we the don’t Interior and Kingdom Relations, support. Ministry In planning, have time to lose. The result Cooperatieve Vereniging Buiksloterham, One Architecture, of One Architecture’s work is the invention of a mechanism Vereniging (ELTA association) to deal withELTA this tension in the field of spatial development. role: One Architecture both the in research and the A method of planning isinitiated being proposed which, starting housing its knowledge creating from a project wide and, scopebecause plans of are increasinglyinfocused: rather a road map than ais design. This results in acircular way sustainable environments, a core member of the of planning in which Buiksloterham team. public discussions, innovations, change and unforeseen developments can find their place, not by changing the plan but by defining moments of choice and decisions in order to focus the plan more and more. Those moments also create the politically very important ‘exit’.

2

Buiksloterham is a former brownfield area in AmsterdamNorth, currently under redevelopment. The Economic Board knowledge tools data analysis learning system of the City of Amsterdam assigned Buiksloterham the status of Innovation District / Urban Living Lab. A traditional large scale top down masterplan was designed, but due to the current economic crisis and the level of pollution in certain parts of the neighborhood all development came neighborhood heath sanitation integration of housing, to ahealthy standstill. A personal number ofandbiological stakeholders took this chance phytoremediation health and technology to develop this area with a new bottom up approach partly based on individual initiatives and partly on several mine yours collaborations. Shaping an environment based upon a ours circular economy and circular sustainability framework. In addition to the “Hackable Metropolis,” One initiated its social media commons sharing co-creation own 20-unit zero-energy housing development ELTA, and is working on Circular Buiksloterham, the creation of a long term vision for the transition of Buiksloterham to a biobased-, smart and circular neighborhood. The ambitions are high and thesensorsinterventions broad:bottom-up from energy big data data visualisation targets, water recycling and harvesting totop-down socioeconomic development, health and wellbeing. 1 0

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engagement in practice

project: Delhi 2050 / Water in Dwarka key collaborators: Arch i, LOLA Landscape Architects, Makkink & Bey, Saumitra Sinha, Kushal Lachwani, Tanvi Maheshwari year: 2013 - present client: Delhi 2050 role: One co-led the multi-disciplinary team

project: Gooda Oost key collaborators: Lodewijk Baljon Landscape Architects year: 2008 - present client: Gooda Oost Municipality role: One Architecture is the urban planner and supervisor for Gouda Oost.

WATER IN DWARKA

GOUDA OOST

Dwarka, a new-town in New Delhi, just west of the international airport, is an example of a middle class development where water shortages are causing serious problems for urban development. Delhi 2050 is a long term planning project organized by archi-i platform, in conjunction with local and international knowledge partners and the Dutch offices One Architecture and Makkink-Bey. Delhi 2050 has been promoting a broad conversation about Delhi’s long-term development with local government bodies, universities, NGO’s and the local population. The project Water in Dwarka, with the aim of mapping the water issues in Dwarka, and, trough design research and an intensive on the ground process with local stakeholders, articulates a series of concrete implementable projects that will help address the water shortage. The team approached the water issues holistically, using design to explore different opportunities at all scale levels, while integrating different sectors and working with all stakeholders.The water crisis in Dwarka is such, it became clear, that every feasible measure is necessary to stem it.

In the past years, Gouda-Oost had become an (undeserved) symbol of the difficulties in new towns. When One started, in 2008, residents, municipality and housing corporations had already been cooperating for some time to transform and upgrade this neighborhood in Gouda without much success. In an essay, One Architecture suggested an adaptive ‘open’ plan that will be filled in piece by piece, by involving local authorities, stakeholders and especially local residents. With the urban plans for 3 different parts, One Architecture has now elaborated the first parts of the renewal. The urban plan comprises a new, green, public area, the ‘Oversteek’ (traverse). The new and existing neighborhood facilities, like shops, supermarkets, a community school, the existing church and the mosque, are all situated along this area. The construction of the Oversteek is linked with the realization of an ambitious and diverse housing program, which will accommodate both existing and new residents, as well as special target groups. By dividing the housing groups into small plots the architecture will aid to showcase the newfound diversity.


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project: Amstellaan, Deventer, The Netherlands size: 500 houses, schools, shopping center, various infrastructure www.onearchitecture.nl – info@onearchitecture.nl t +31 20 470 00 40 – f +31 20 676 40 19 year: 2011 - 2014 client: Municipality of Deventer, The Netherlands role: One Architecture designed the urban- and landscape framework plan for the entire neighborhood. In addition, the office led the design- and engineering team for the Amstellaan project. One Architecture principal Matthijs Bouw now has the role of urban- and landscape supervisor.

AMSTELLAAN An important feature in the design and how the neighborhood will function in the future was integrating and widening the Amstellaan, a main traffic artery. In the past, developers and engineers had imagined many options, all equally unfeasible and undesirable, all based on a pure technical infrastructural logic. One Architecture changed roles: by making the engineers work with the designers, One Architecture created a new design. Suddenly, the design was within budget and received the full support of the area’s residents. Now, this design has been developed, was tendered, and completed construction in late 2014. Further optimizations of the plan’s components are the result of this joint planning process. Project Amstellaan will result in a “tree bank”, making full-grown trees available cheaply for new construction. The green buffer space enables flexibility and room for optimization of Rentree’s housing program.

project: Randstad 2040 Structure Vision key collaborators: Reinier de Graaf (OMA), Xaveer the Geyter, Rein Jansma year: 2008 - 2010 client: Ministry of Infrastructure, Spatial Planning and the Environment, The Hague, The Netherlands role: For the long-term planning of the western part of the Netherlands, One led the design studio for networks, and developed, in the integration studio, the three different future scenarios that formed the basis of the Government plan.

RANDSTAD 2040 The design research from Randstad in 2040 focused primarily on the topic of networking. One Architecture first investigated the context of regional developments and initiatives in the western Netherlands, in order to formulate three potential development directions. Three designers lead a series of design workshops exploring these three themes with deisgners from the region and the various ministries. One Architecture facilitated this process by further exploring the development prospects in between the different workshops. In this first phase, to create a broader participation, the different perspectives were simplified in such a way that they could play a role in the public debate through discussion evenings and national newspapers. In the 2nd phase, the integration atelier fed the design research and, in particular, the administrative discussions. At several moments the current state of the development prospects was presented to the directors allowing dialogue to take place. In the phase ‘key projects’ the regions were asked to provide input through surveys and interviews. Afterwards a portion of the design research was done in collaborative workshops together with the regions.


One Architecture Amsterdam Hamerstraat 3 1021 JT Amsterdam The Netherlands One Architecture + Urbanism New York 35 E Broadway, Suite 5C New York, NY 10002 United States of America

office@onearchitecture.nl www.onearchitecture.nl Š 2016 One Architecture & Urbanism, Inc.

ENGAGEMENT BY DESIGN  
ENGAGEMENT BY DESIGN  

Good cities are cities in which all stakeholders feel agency in helping shape it. Good urbanism projects are driven by a diverse constituenc...

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