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JULES SWICKARD/ISTOCKPHOTO.COM

A NT I G U A

It was 1671 when Sir Charles Wheeler, governor of the Leeward Islands, first urged the British Crown to consider the deep, expansive bay called English Harbour, Antigua, as a seaport for the British Navy. By 1704, the harbor sheltered a large

colonies, thanks to sugar. The crop was

part of the British fleet, which set out

so lucrative that the British government

from here on raids and forays over the

spent a fortune on the dockyard to

next 100 years — a period of constant

maintain the might of the Royal Navy

power struggles be tween British,

and to discourage invaders who sought

Spanish, French and Dutch explorers,

this precious natural resource.

settlers and pirates.

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ABOVE: Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson, commander of the dockyard for the Royal Navy’s West Indies Fleet during the late-18th century. BELOW: Image of an original dockyard map, November 1745: ‘‘A Plan of English Harbour with the King’s Yard and Careening Wharf.’’ LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

The dockyard where ships and sails were overhauled and repaired

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

HARBOR HISTORY

The yard was officially abandoned

The only remaining Georgian naval

by the navy in 1889 and soon fell into

dockyard in the world achieved its

disrepair. It was restored and reopened

greatest fame when Admiral Lord Horatio

in 1961 by a group of dedicated Antiguans

Nelson, the man who was to become

and expatriates who formed an

Britain’s most celebrated naval hero, was

organization known as the Friends of

headquartered there.

English Harbour. Now a national park,

During Nelson’s days in Antigua,

this area is a lively center for sailors,

the Antillean islands ranked higher in

history buffs and anyone who enjoys a

importance than the North American

nautical atmosphere. —D. W.

CARNIVAL CRUISE LINES FUN ASHORE

1112 POC Antigua.indd 16

10/4/11 4:12 PM

Carnival FUN ASHORE  

Fun Ashore -- POC (ports of call) book, which includes Carnival Cruise Lines marketing, regional articles and port information.

Carnival FUN ASHORE  

Fun Ashore -- POC (ports of call) book, which includes Carnival Cruise Lines marketing, regional articles and port information.