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Ilonce, napa06ow;" OpuAOl Kal IOTopice, nou YOAOllX'1ouv yr.vlce, Kal yr.vlce, aKO~1l1KOI TI1VOIKTJIIOU, opTJVOUVKOI XCtVOVTOIOTOncpool!a TOUxpovou, iyu npoYlluTa nlO Or.\! ~ouv 116vo ~lf.e,OTO ~lUaA6 qtoe, Ht)V Itr.YOI..UTCPh)"Kal OVTr.. E,ov KU1~OUV Kat OuvEXi~oVTOI.'Evo an' oUT6 dval KOI 11MouOIKD !lae, nopaoooll, [. OUT'; OKPIP(lle,Til ~IOUOIKtinor(it.iooll TOll Tonou !lOU ova(fl£pOcil, IOlolTf:pa 01 NaE,lciHr.e,0' 60ce, aVTiE,or.C;0\)V011KCC; KUI QV flpdlol)v, rJ)ayoUOc.;)VTClC; KOI XOpr.UOVTUe, w:; aVTl!lcT(lmi~Ollv. K(lT' cE,oxliv OIHI)C;TOt'ITOTO IIIKp6. TOIJTOTO E,cX(la~lr.vt) (m TOUe,f.KOOTOT(;TPOVOU':;,XWj)16, 0 Klvi8upoe, r.i.xcOIKOTOll, t\(l-

e-


10YI\IOI - IEnTEMBPIOI

1991

rU.OIK(l TOV. ()Cpo:; KUI nupoooOll o m pOUO'IK1; KUI OTn XOflO. Of: f\ 111:yullrn.:Pll TOU «n(Jpuywy11», uno 1ta).Ic1. O)C,TO (lI·IPf.t)(/, f.IVUH) :lOpoe" TO TPOrOIlOI "w f\ j.tOUOlK11· OIlW; xoro.; f.iV(LI 0 KlVioo.po<;; Eupickrru: 15 1-I01cl:; Xl/.1l111CTpClB.A. TIle; XWpo.:;. '=:C11tA.(J)~1£VOC,avt~ICI..U nrc pd~ciuin; ~.oCPOYP(L~l~ITiC" I,OV~CT(Jl (J.1t6 TO np(!)i (JI(:;TO IIpuou. XCtIl.wva - 1,;(.(A.OIWipl OTO (P(J):; TOt>TiAI.OU, Tov CITI0KI:nTl1/TOlJ e- UVl:PLi OTOV Klvioupo ~IEOW Ml:A.cIVu)V, (-1(1 uITooqOd 0 (PlJ/..UKUC, KOI nr>()OTCHlle; TOU X(J)I)IOV i\YlOe;rf.I;'PYlO:;. f.VOPlf1KO::,TOll v(.(O:;. I\vTiKPU oro XWPlO. OIIlKPO; Zuc; (,Zf:UC,» (0 III:yuhm:poc, dVUl TOU (J)1/,WTlOU), UljJ(;)VCluncpliLPUVU TO 750 II. UVUOTllPo. TOU, (.(yvuvn:vovmc, o no TIC; rps«; I{OflUlPEC;rou ((V <lXl 6,,11 Ttl No.~o, TOui,aXloTO T11v ncolvTi. ~TOI)<; nponof!ce; H)U POVVOUf:OC;,KCLI80 Xp6VLU ncpino» 11piOKETCll K,(IO).lf':VOro e~(J)KKA.11(HTOU l\yiov·NlKOlUOl), Rly),a· ropcc. ciypunvoe; Ipnoupc>c; KUI 1[POOniT11C, T(J)VVUU'l'lKtl:>Vur«; Hyvuv,Cl'II:1 TO 1tf.A(C(Oe" AUTC>),Olno\' TO X(I)PlO Tlo)V 300 Ilovij.tc))\' KCl'l'oi"cl)v 000 Illl{PO "Ul U\' IPUiVCTUI f.iVal KUl nflo n(1VTO:; Tirav nllYli "1./1ncic" L\1I\Ui(l)C;E/Vtll nCp(10Tl1<0(, yOl1Tr.U~£VOl ano TOY f.vAUIlO ,nono ~(I)lie, TC,IVKUTOiK(I)V TOU TOV OVOIlC,LOaV«l\niKp('(v,O». Kl aUTO OXI YIllTi r:K!:l 130.0tAeUf.l OIUPK(;)C, 11WTUX(U, I\n6. 1110. pilla. I:\,U Tr>UYOUOIIi I-:Vo.~OIPO/,(J'l, ciV(1I aPKeTa va OKopnioouv YPIlY0r>fI Tile, niKn(le, Ta vbpl\, '0),01 01 NIi.C,101EivUI nOlljTt.c" nOll1T1iPllOf.C" TPC/YOUOlCIT£<; ,,(11 XOPWTl:~, Mu. /kv civ(11 um:pOoA.li OUTf. K(lUXll011 (LV nou~tl: /T(I)c,un' O(j,. un' TOV KlviOu.po ~r."ivl10av noA.Aoi, un' TO Y1JP(J)X(JJPIU KUl Kllrim:; TU OPI:1.\IC1,KU1 CJ.luOav Toal·lnouva, i\UOl,T!l. Blo/,i. I,/.u.pivo KCHTOUI.LncJ.Kl. Tcj)pu 1[(.lUl,ciIIIU~lf., nou ~I:Vl]TCl.lT1iK(1~If. Kl cm),0)ouw: TU KAaoHi 11fIC,. (lTI<; Ol(l(POpcC, ~t:vllT1(:C; Kat Ae~lI: «TO. 1('/.(1010. 11U<;». YlUTi 01 pi~cc, Ilo.e,~piOKOVTCJ.lnO/,v paOt:uJ., uj.tI:TUKivllTO OUllj.tt':Vt::;. 01: rUllTo TOV r6no. TC;lpa Ko.l(1),UPUIII: nCI)C; 0 KI\'ioupoC;" . r\l_ljf)f.1U

EiXl: 11\0),10. nou oTevu~a V ),uQI'lTa rrov IloYYOI"(l11V KOI I'.iXEv KUl TPuY()UOlOn~c; nou w. nov/clu Ol(I)nOUOUv,

o K!VIOUPIc;)l11<;nOlllT1ip11~, Tp(/.yOUOIOT~C" XOpt.:UT~C;K(I.1 Of.{,IOTr.XVTlC;IIOUCIl1\0c" npf.7tf.1 va (lVUr,llT110t:i C00) "al noU.ci XpciVIU, IloA.t) npI\, TO 1900, A nc> ~lUPTUfliJ:e, yr.pOVTC),V K(JI f.lOIK6. ano TOV l's:floVTU KOVOllOYIC;'PYll, 1\)"1\iuc, O1i~ICP(l 92 CT0)V, K(tl EIOll,O nl:ni TCl I.IOUOI"Ii. Hlli XCJlpIOU.OVTUC,KCJ.I() iolOc, I\CJ.OllTltP11C,KW TpUyouoIOTl1e;, npOKU/TTOUV TO. Itl/P(u\liT(J). TOU/,UXlOTOV ~ICXPI TO 1887 Ii R8, opyo.vo. OTOV Klvioapo bcv unupxouv, r.KTO~ TOUllltOUVOT()U~lnaKu KUl ~OUpfLPAIC1. AIHOI) rOl) l:iI'ClIlC,T(1 o.UTOOXf.OllJ ()pyava (,CKIVOI)Vallt) no),1) nut,.lli. I tJon nOli /'ir.v yivCTal VII TIl nr.nlopioclc, oe ,,((nolu cnox.t'I, 01 YI:P(>vn:e, TOU 11187 [,1\(1. ToxnoviTEC; TOTC, <)wo l\Con~ClV ~lt: 1OU.~IITOI')V!:C, KW Tnll~I1T(,I\'ICI KCLlI'I~f.P(lV n(l)e; I\CLl 01 nallouoce; TOUC,I"~ n:TOLO OPYfl.VI!~IUOKf.b(1~(1V, Ml:XPI TO 1887, on(I)':; nplHlvulpr.pOll, O).C/ T(1 yA.f.vTla OTO X(J)PIO, yu.~l()1 ~u1rli01(1, YlOnrr:<;, nllv11yuPIC! Kal KU(h: dool):; OI(1OKEOo.OI1, I" (lU' ru TU Onyuv(J YlvoTav!:. '01l(J)C, KCll OE 01..0 TO Vlloi, E....ei YI')fl(l)OTO IR80 1OI\TIKO w"ill1 «KO~lnavi(J», IIno.p· Xr.l (HOV Klviflll.flO 0 rl(;,py'l:; l'c[lovniKllc" no.nnol,:; T()I) 011III;PIVOV KllVO(lOYl(i)pYT1.I\UTOC, 0 KOVOIIOY1.(i>nYIlc, yev\I11U6c, TO

TEYXOI29

TEYXOI29

1827,01: llAIKi(). 18 xpovcov «MlKPO KovOPo.KIl» T6TC, n().i~el Touuxouvc xrn us TOV KOUTOOKf.PUTOylUl\ouIlTi Ti l'taKou~LO (1no TIl" ((oP(I)VO nOI) nai~cI TOU~I/Ta"I, yiVI:TUI 01l(1)e, dnallc xou nuvin , Mf. TO. Xp6Vla, yivcTal LOUPAlo.Topac" 0 AVTWV11<:; i'KOUcpo.e;Kal ern OUVEXElUToullnac,Ti:;, 0 Kcunouoovucoxr«; A(PllVCl T6Tf. 0 rtC1>P'(11<;fI:POVTCLKllC" TOV KOPWVlOlOTT], xrn 01 rpc«; TOI)C,ma Ko.VOUVOUY"POTT]~ltVO Tuxun. Ev TW ~f.To.~V unfLPXOUV mo. no")"oi. 0 LTOPOj.tOEPYlfLe, Ti rl(Upl~IOV1K6Ao.C;, TOU).lnUKl, 0 Mnou),(!~UVTc;lVT]<; TOU~l1tOUV(l, TT]V rmoxti o.UTTi Clllpa vi~r.Tn,1 K(11 0 rtcJ)PYIlC, Too KII)VIU'11<;, «ZW),OYIWPYT]:;», occ,IOTcxvllC, (HO ooupal3ll. KcmoTc yivEml 0 rpiroc OTO ruKipI Ti ,,(1lnIO o mivic uvall).11Pci)vf.1 tva (lITO TO.OUO, TOU~l1lo.Kl 11TOCJ.~1nouvc. APXir,ouv ma npOOOf.l)TlKa. vu C~l(pUvir,ovTal KUVOVIKU ,,0.1 TClK'tlKf1 ruxiuta, nrivru ptpma uno TouunooVOTOlJ~n(.(Ka - [0I)p613).w, NccinepOllllU 611wc, 0 Mnnrpovucoxnc; 0 KOVO).lOVlK6AU:; - Yloe; 1'OU KOVO~lOYIWPYll' nuir,el TOUIl1l0Kl noA.u Kul6, 0 Avn;)vII:; KAOUI301'O:; Ti rKpllluvrwvIle, - YIOe,TOI) rKPl~lovIKo"a, Kat qlOcivoUpE yupw OTa 1887 - eva xpovo novw, EVa Xp6vo KfL,(J) - Kl tPXCTCll. OTO XWPIO nno T11VA9livu, l\aol)Tltpl1C, mo. o ZWYO~IlXEA.llC;- Ml'X,UA11C,TO(1K(J)VtclTT]C"Ylo:; TOU oou~A,l(i· TOfW Zr,I)YOYlcl)PYIl· L\aoKaA.6e; lOU KclnOtO<; Mal,nOae; 01l0Uoaioc, TI1V!;noxTi CKciVTj. LXE06v a).lCO(l)e;EIL(po.vi~ETUlva no.i~cl KAapivo 0 Avopt.ac, Taa1(U)VlaTllc, - ZeuAuVTr>EIle; - a8e/...lj)0:; TOU npoo.vWPf.pOtvTo-; Kal Y16e; Kal UV16C; TOU yCpOVlo. «Zeu),oY";)PYI1» ... L\ooKU),O:; TOU I\vOPEu OTO KAapivo 0 Apo.lIol3aoiA11:;, LTll ol)veXf.lo. ql(flo.vi~I;TUI 0 Taoo:; t.lapo.vronouA..OC; KU/,6c, rhOA.lT~ilC" 0 Taooe; clvUt uoe),cpoe; TOU no.nci.-BaoiA.Il Kat Odoe; TOil rrpo CHi)\! (lnoOnv<,>vroc, '=:CVOlj)WVTO:;AU1).lo.VTOnOUA.Oll. rl' (lUTOV tOY Tuao L\l(l~IIlVTonoulo, 1tCJ.A.llte;nA.llPOtpopice, uVUlpepouv n(l)c, TO PLOA.lTO tj.tU9E o.no K6.nolov llYOU~Evo TTle;Movnc, (l>uvepWllcvll:;, KUI ClOl OI)YKPOTllTUI TO npWTO To.Ki,1I «KOll7!avicl» arro tvxopoa rr),EOv oPy(.(vo. Kal KA.o.pivo, I\iyu XPOV1(l apy6n:pu, KaVEI TllV EIlLPo.VI011 TOil, TO Of.Urr.po 1'(11';;111.0 KOVOPOI(C.1VOTCIVTtiC,vEapoc, nUVI)lllllA.OC, KC.LI AcI3f.vTll:;, ytoc, TOUToallnouvlI:p11 KOVO~OYl(;)nYIl Kal aI5EA.cp6c, TOI) TOII~I1tCLC,11,Kovo~ovlI(c'>,,-a, yivf.wI i\o.oun{:Pll<;, Mo.euiVf.1I\()'OIJrO onl XWpo. Til:; NM;Oll a7(O lOY 1tEpi(pll~O OO.OKo.AO rEPUOI~LO, yup(I) OTU 1893, 1110 ItPIV iO(l)c" ano TOV Ku.)VOTUV1~ fI:POVTaKll, TOV KoVOPOKCI)OH1VTTi,tXf.l (1PXior.1 V(,L nai.(,cI I3IOA.i0 nouAovIKoA~c" NlKOAUI)C, KovlTonou/.oe;, nponcinnoc, ,(J)V 0111ICPlVC;)VKovnorrol)),c!icl)V, I1I.OAnr,l;<; UUTOoiOU.KTOC"Kill pr. I3IOA.iatJTOOXtOlO. II yuvcLih'1I TOU 11 Kllna - Etr>TiVll Tpo.youoouoc OaUIlc.lOlU Ko.l UUTl), yiVt:TfLl o.nia vu ~lu(h:1 0 (1vfI(l0.:; TllC,PIOAi. 1\ KOllyovTac, TOV nCL'l'{:pa 0 Yloe; TOI) rtU)PYllC, KOVlTOrrOUA.Oe;tl II0lll-OYIC;)nyl1C,. ~LUO(1iVf.1KI UUT6<; PlOAi KIll n().lr,!;1 ylU npU1TIl lpopa OTo. panTiolO TOUYlOU TOU, KcilOT(l 1895·1896, A n6 "OVT6. 0 L\ 111"1rpIlc, TOUKWVlUT11C,«0 Toayy<iPllc,» o.OEALPOC, Tile; yuvaiKac, TOU KOVO~lOK(lIVOT(lVT1i,U\lu/'if.II,vvr:ml onouoaioe; KA.UPlVf.TlclPI1:;, KU.I VO TO OlllJTCpO TCJ.ld~II, II0uA.oYIWPYIle; OlOAi, TouYYclfllle; KAfLpivo, KOVO~!oKClIV(H(lVTTie;AaOUTO. n!:pVOt)V liya XPOVlUx(J)pie; KCllVOUPYIOU:;oPyavorrOi"Tf.:;. KUllpOavoull1: am 1909-10 KfLt 0 IlCy6.AOC, YIOe, TOU I IO\)A.OY1(;1 PYll KovI10nOUA.Ou, NIKO· I,Ti:; pyuiVf.1 PlOA.llr,Ti:;, Kal pa)dOlo. aOUVo.YWVIOTO:;, To 1916 Of: IlA.IKiu 17 f.n;)\I 0 rlci.)P¥11C,«TO KovOllaKl» f.yyovoc, TOUyt.pOVTa ma KOVOIIOYlcilPY11.ToallnOllVlt.pll Knl Yl~r. toll ),C)OIITlt..nll K~VOIlOI«(J)V~TC!VT1),r.i~Ul ),aOIJTu:pll:; K[11~~~Vr.1,,'(11ClUTOC,r.ITU~la HL OK11TCTPI!uno TOV nlnepu tOU ,,~o.~

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TTiVrrepixou rnv cnoXl1nai~el KA.o.pivo KCLl0 rtwPYllC, KcpnovTl\'Il<:;li nUnaYlCi)nYIK Kat Of: ),iyo Pyo.iVEI Ao.OI)Tlepllc, 0 aOEA.LPoe,TOI) NIKo),ae, Kupnovrtvnc TiMuprovirnc, AI)Toi uPxir,ouv pcyciI.ol. 0 NIKOAo.C, ~l(iA.lOTClKo.nou - Ko.nOI) tX1:1 xrn OOOKa1..0 ow ~_aOUTO,TO veopo rt.roPYll rEpOVTo.Kll Ti KOVOIlOKl. [uyxnOVO:; Eniolle; TOI) Too.yyo.Pll eivo: KI ciHoc, K~.apIVf:T1o.nI1C,. cnououtor; 1(1 aUToc" 0 Flsr poe; KallET().VfLK11e;~ (J)paVT~11KO1tETflOC,.revvll~tvoe; OTOV Kivloupo on6 vovs«; K,VIOaplc.l>Tec" ~I(l J.IEyaA.wj.tCvoc,. ey"aTf.OTllPf.VOC, K(11 n(1VTpf.J.If.VOe; orn Xci)po., Ttopn mo. To. TOKi)1la f.ivUI noA.).fL. 0 NIKOA1\C, KovrronOUAOC;IlE TO «KOVOJ.lOK1», r,wpYll Fcpovrnxn. BIO/,i 0 npwroc, AaouTO 0 ocvTepoe, KUl TouyyaPllc" KA(1pivo. Krirtots TOV TOIlYYUPll IlVTlIWOlOTa 0 Ilerpoc. Ev TCu ~IETOC,UUKOAOI)(:)ei uUoe; Kovrroxoucoc. To 8pUA.IK6 I310Ai TOU MtXOA.ll KOVIT6nouAou II «Mcopoe». Flurspnc; TWV OllPEPIVc.llV KOVtTOnol)Aui(t)v, npOTEAf:UTClioc, YIOe, TOU nOUA.oYIU)pYTJ aOE/..(pOe; TOU N'KOA.Ti, KaT a nooa:; aKOAOI)9l:i T' aOF.A.(pla 1'01), NI"Of.Ti "0.1 MlXO),Il, 0 11 IKp6tCPO:; ytoc, 0 <1)A.tiJplO:;.APXi(,cI IlC "-o.OUTOKo.l KIlTUA11Y£1va yivCl ncpilj)111l0:; LavTOUplEPT]C;, ~lCMOKaAo TOV onOl)oaio, KUT<i TOI)e, EIOIKOI):; TIl<; cnox.Tic" T~opf.vo, uno Til X(.opa. 0 <I.lAIOr>IOe; ciV(1l 0 llovllolK6c, KlVloaplcoTll<; EaVTOU' Plf:nllc,. t\UOTllxC.lJe;j.tlCl no~B(.( OTllv 7tlopiooo 1940·41, KOI3f.lTO vTiIl(( TIl<:;~(Jl~C,TOIl Of: 111..11.;1032CH;lV, I\pKcTa nplv TOV n6),f:110 ex.oulll: KalvOI"nYIOllC, "at apKeToue, oPyaVOllaiKTf.c,. nOI) n"oA.ol)90uv T' uxvcin1C'l n,)v YOVlcJlVlOU:;, aAAOl OTo. iOla onyava "al UA/,Ol Ol: olnCpOnf.rll\f1. 0 LTo.OI1:; KaprrovTiv11e; YIC)<;TOU K/,aplvr.Tlf.prl rlWflY11 KllpnovTivll yiVf.TUl AaOUTlCpI1C,. 0 no.vVI1C,Ko.pnovTlvl1C, (Map(l)vITlll\t». ylvr.TCll ntOA.1.T~Tie"rlEOuiv!;1 VI:WTo.TOe,OTllV KC'l.roXll, 0 MlKp6e; ylO:; TOU np(1)1'ot> A.o.Oll'l'lf.PTI MIXf.A11, MllTOOC, ToaK(J)VlllTI1C" yivcTal ~lOA.lT~ilC, Kal eIval KaTa 1(o.lpOI')e; Koplt(1viu, IlC TOV r1(l)PYll fcpovTaKll, TOV OlHtcplv6 rtpOVTo. KovopoYlwPY11, 0 MllloO:; ylU 'TO Kt(PI TOt> nair,cl 0.K6~lll Plo)"'i, ~la Of.V ~f.xva ,,0.1 TO 1!I1(PO ooul3A.lo.po Kl ITOI)roux.El IPTlc'lC,':10 ltanJtouc, TOU,O oouIH.lOT(J)pa:; ZCUA.OYlwPYllC,. T11v iOIO. 1lt;pinou cnoxti 1939-44. r.).lcpavir,r.T(X1K(110 1\1;(1)vioac, TOU TOo.yy6.P1l. vr:apoc, 1310A.IT~~C"AUT6C; Olanp~:1tI>1 KUplwe; OTa EUpWlIo.'lKa, oT]AaoTi (I>o~, TPOT, Bale;, To.yy6, <l)o{, l\yyM, npOOTolpavcpwTOI T6n; x.opo(. 0 l\f.cJ.)vioac, noM A.lyo x.P'lOlj.tonoillOf. TO 0,01..1 onv cnoyyr.A.~la, I1Plv nOA.lfL XPOVlU "Ill t(opo. aKo~ul 81ClITnf.nf.1pE T' aot.A.lpl(1 TOI) (lTllV X(l:>pa, ouv 1)nol511~tOTonOlO:;, TIle; f.noxTie; TOI) 1\f.(I)vioa, Elva I IWI () flC;)PY11C,KA.oupaTO:; 11(<II-:P£o.c,». Eyyov6c, 101) nanfL-NIKOA.o. Ko.I YIOc, TOU Mo.VOlloaKll TOU waATll, 0 r,WPYI1:; mOav6v, KovTa OTOV IjJaAt11 naTtpa TOU, va n~yalvc OTO avaA6Yl0 ti va cix.e Ko.l LPIAOOOc,iu Yla 110.rruc" YI' o.uT6 TOU KOA.A.1100. V TO nap0.100UKAI «If.PCuC,», no.ncic, nOTC oev t.ywe, t.YIVC61111}:;l.aOI)TlEPIle,· Kal TOUTO:; cnoYYEAllo.TlKII, Aiyo X.P110lp01l0i110t 1'0 6pyovo, Mae; ~o.~wc KunOTE TO.ppaoaK1Cl OTO ~nol)vTi TOIlC" 1101)TO oKt1ta~& OAO Ilia m:/,wpla ~LOl)p1(i, KOPI1'OO7(OI)Ao. Kal vwpouc, Kal J.lac, 1tWr,E TCl KUIVOUPYI(l KOIl~OTI(1 LUPTcl Kal K(1A.oj.t(lTlllv<i , flO. j.tEVClOr.v rlTaV KCllVOUPYl(lTO.Eixu Cpl)OlKa npW'l'flKOUOCI Kal KciSc pcpa Ta oKol)ya ano 1'OV TCClTEpaIIOU «KovopoYICOPYT]»,Ma rrOVT(I)c,Tirav O~!OPLPClKo.I c,CVOlaOTU Kal Ilf.VOIIV o.c,exo.OTa f.Kcivu Tn K~A.OKaIPIva l~po.O~Kla. , Mo nplv avac~cpOO~~IE ~TOU~ T(OPIVOI)C"Kov~:orrOUA.alO~e; K )UKOllAUpll0r.e; ,,),n, KaAO Go. r.lval va 1tOllJ.lf.KaTi napa ITO-

e-

I-

::r:

lOYI\IOI - IEnTEMBPIOI

:'... )

~'

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0'V918 ~

.<:

/

1991

VCI)Ylo. xuivouq TOUC,no.l-lOuc" TOUe; nproronopouc nOI) lIE Xl' AlE:; ouoKo),ice; cpo.Go.v K(.(I u cinf.e; ,OOE:; npoonaOouo(/.v vc 01UOKCOc.ir,0IlV TOV KOOIlO TOU X(t)plOU, Toue, ovopr.c, ~IC TO. Aiyo. TO cAaXIOTo. XP111l(1TQ, ~LU nponnvror; TOV YUVo.l"O"OO~IO I!C Tie, no).Me, 01)0 "oA.i£c,. EivU1. YVWOTOn(l)c, ~U~XPIru Tf.AIl TOU npWTOU nnvxooulou no/-tIlOU, yMVTW OTa KULPEvtio.oev yiVOVTUV, no.pa uovov om o rririn. Eixav C1tl/,s:yEi rn j.tr.yaAvTl;pa o nirrn WU XWPlOU 1\1 CKei f.rro.l~UV nOACl.IOTEpa ru Touunmou Kat ~1f.TtncITo. TU 1)10A.la. T£TOlo. o ninn ~Tav rllC; Onvcccc, TOI) :vtno.cpOVl"OAU ,,(11 TCJ.)VKOVOIIo.0WV. fho YVWOTO ,,0.1 mo OUV11eIOllf.VO Tll~ 00vooac; .. l\uTo ru o niric nou A.f.IlC XPl101Il0nOlOUVTQ\, ylU 0111-1 601 a yAf.Vtlo., Ma 1(C'll0 KaOtvac, nOI) dx.c OTO omn TOU Ilia wXcipIOTIl f:KOTiA(t)0r1,,,(CLIlOl, ~antiOla, YlOPTl1 KaA.OUm; OTD oniTl TO PIO),la. LTo. o mrto nou EnUlr,av TO. ~loA.la Yla TT(VOIHlOO1ClOlaOKEoaOt) 01 opvnvonrnxrec; Eix.av rnv unOXPf.WOll \'0. n/,llP(IlVOU\!TO LPWC;,A.UXVO~ ),Ollna, on OIC6C1'ETO OITlTI, Mo 1\0.1nciAI 01 YUVo.iKC:;or.v dX(1v c;)pa UVEC,r.Ar.I\TT], iyo j.tcn} Tll 81)011 TOU 11AlOUtnp~:m: vuI3pioKOVtai OTU oniTl(1 TOUC,.'ETOl ntO 01 \lCapoi, eKT6v(I)011 "at 01f~~0/'i0 tpplOKav onc, n!lTlvtloc:; (INuXTcplve.:; KavTciflec,», ylU va <pavepci)ocI ~IE UlH6 TOV Tpono Ta Ulof)Tij.taTO TOI). 0 Kaeeie;, Yla tr1v r;K)..CKT~ TT]C,KapOlo.e; TOU, 0, naTlvaoc.:; apxl~av IlETfL TO TtA.O:; TOU YACVTlOU, nOI) (PUOIKa yl(.( TOUe,OVTPr.:; Kpo.roUoc KUl ltr.pu un61a Ilf.OOWK1'U "UI a(pOU /TIa '1 A.OllnO '10 A.Uxvo:; o.PXIOo.V va opuvou\" I\U_ltlorE KOHl) uno nopaSupa omTH.lJVIl at OeOll 1tr.flionTl1 nOll Ou ~IJtOPOUOf. VIl o.KOUOTEi un' 0),0 1'0 X(J)PlO, aflXI~av OT' 0.1..1'1OEIU va cnl:Vo.~ollV TO ptOAta Kal va f:loyyouv 1'Cl A.aOl'>Ta, 'I\m: mU TO.TpUyOUOlll "(11TOI)C,apovtOr.e;, L' o.UTE:;TIe; UJpEC,tl3yo.lvav OTO Cp{ue;o.ve~0110A.OYI1TOIKUT]~loi Kat f.rrUlpVaV IPWV~ noGOI o.n6Kpl)(pOI 1\0.1 aTevaypoi. METI) TO\l npWTo nUY1\OOI!lO 1t6A£pO Of.IAa - OCIA.O0PXIOo.V Kal 01 yuvniKEc, va l3yuivOU\lYw yA.EVTltc,w on6 TO o1tiTlu Ko.I va I-IC\lOUVwc, apyo., onou t.n01~av (.1101..1(1.'I\PXlOo.\llIpWTa ana Tllv nA.clTou, rUp(i) un!'l uu1'1)V 1)]{1)PXUVTpia KalpC\I£ia, TOI) NOPIKOU. TOU MaVOUO(11\11 KUl TOU KA.OI)f\choll, AUTO. o.PXlOC)V va "UiVE A.cl~l7tr.C,U~IIU\lTOU KC.L1Ip{;l'Tl~av apKeTa Ko.A.a, Mc TOVcpx.0~16 TWVMlKpo.OlU'T(OV 010 ciooc, TOOVPLOAI(OV OEV Y(VOVTUI KUl onol)oo.ice, aA.A.ayt.e" To pOvo, 01 TOTr. PlOAIT~Tiocc, nav(u OTO rrui~I~16 lOU:;, n:A.f.IOnOIOUVTUI. Mo.OaivOllv 15111..aoTiVa XP11011l0JtOLOVV61..0 TO Oo~ciPI TOUe;, Y1C1TiCI)C,TOTE tno.l~av ~16vo Ilf.10 Kf.VTPOlOU OO~UPIOU, Enioll<; KCJ.IOTU TpO· YOUOI(1ti1TOTa OXf.06v TO KUlVOVPYlO, 'Holl !lno Tn 1915 nut· ~OVTU1Zr.II.mBKIKa, KUpotA.up6.oc.:;, MovtoEe;, TUll1taXOVlwnKOI, Ko.POIAO~IUC, - MnoA.oc" (f1t.flvOUV Ko.n01a Tpayouo1Cl 0n(l)e,: MOOlOTpOUA.a, APXOVTOYI6e; navTpEuETClI, Llya o.~I(1{,fL TllV ollaE,a, LOKaKla TOI) KOPOCA.LOUK.A.1T, TO dooc; TOil Xopou KUt TIl:; pOUOIKll:; elval 110T]YV(uOTo., TaxuopO~IOI KOI Tf.XViTCC" 01 orrolOI naVE "al CPXOVTOI ~ICTULPtpOUV n no Til LPUPVI1, Mo IWI 0 1010e, 0 NlKOAll:; 0 K()vlT('mouA.o:;, oavl:nIlVo.A.llnTO:; o.uT6e; PIOA.1T~I'IC;1(11'(o.iVOVT(1C,oTJ)(1TIWTll:; OTll [~lUpvll, EY1Vf.TCA.CIOTEPO:;.ME TOV EPXO~IO T(J)VYUVCllKCOVo.ne TIl L~lUPVTj, apxir,r.l KanOTE EA.wOr.pia Kal ylU TIC,vTomr.:; Yllvai"cc" 611OOc,lIpOOVaLPEpST], iow:; Or. 0.1)10 OI)IlPaiVf.l Ylo. va nf.PILPPOV1190uv 01 aVTpEe, an6 TIC, «LPI)J)Vlt.C,», npCItr.1 aKOI!ll va nOUI!C 1ttllc, 01 opyuvonfli"Tr.c, Ot:v OICeCTOV 101(1iTt:po TnaYOUOlOT1lli TnClY()lJoiOTPLU, I\unl 11npoo-

NA=IAKA 7


lOYI\IOI - IEnTEMBPIOI

TEYXOI29

1991

('\O~ CiV(l.l TW\, n:Al:Uwiwv I:HoW. TT]v w6uvT] Yla TO TpaYOUOI rnv r.XOUV011010101 opvavonuixro; Kal KlIpiwc, 0 AUOllTlCPllC,. ~n<ivl(J Of. o PlOAlT\;,lie,. !"I' (JUTO o» 0 },aounCPlle, 0lc6ETC Kat CI'W\,~ KUi,~, to To Ki,ll ~Tav m:ruXlllltvO. ARO TU KaAAiTl:pa Tuxiuio , iO(lK, TO "aA/,iTr.pO, ~T(LV TOU KOVOIIOYIWPYI1, AaoutlCPI1C" vcaoou (1KOllll, YlClTi nrivru ~To.V RI.O.lOIWIlCVOe, IlC T(1 OPllAlKU f310/"a NlKOA~ KOVlTOnOUAOu ~ MlxaAT] Kovrroxou).ou «Mcopou». 0 ACLounepT]e, ~T(JV o nouonior; TpnyouI)LOTTie,· TrHLYOI)c'ilonie, ~TII\, K(lt 0 NtKOA~C" 0 MlXCUT]e, ow"c, OXI K(ll TOOO. Qpuiu rpuvoueouoe xrn TpayouOa a 1(011'111yuvaiKa TOll Mlx{i),ll KUP(J.- Mupiu, uxo rnv KCpo.IlWT~. 0 MIXaAll':; KoviT01l0UAOe, Ko.OU:PCllOl1KI:PtOAtTl;,lic; xspinou URO 10 xPOVWv. Tp(LYOI)/)tOT~C, '1TI'IV 1,((1 0 J'vllxCA11e;0 1lpcinoe; AUOUTlCPlle;, () J'vhiTOOC,0 YlOC,TOU 0 PIO)dT~lie; ccv CntVC Aiyo Kpuoi rpuvou80Goe oipuiu. 'Fn(1l~e, cKAalYr. Kal TPUYouoouo£. Km 0 Kovou o KII)VOTI(vn'1c, Tpc YOUOOUOI:. KHlpc)c, ()Ill,)e; va cnuvr.U)oIJllC OTOU':;VEOUC;,IHOUC, V~OllC, OPYU vonai KTl:C;. Apxil;,ovTUC; URO TOllC,YVWOTOUe;1lUV£Al.llviwe; Kal ncpc! fmo TTlV EU\i.ou, KovITOnou/,o.iolle;. Me apXllYo TOV flcjJPYll TOUMl"xc.i)dl. AUTOe, aPXI(,£l TO 1943-44, OTT]VKaToxri. 0 flWPYll(, t:[V(H 9 III; 1() Xpovcj)V. L\aoKu),o EXEl TOV nUTcpa rou, MIXO),I1, nou TOU odxvcl lit TO SOPI, OIOAI, OEVEYKpivEI 611WC,va yivel cnuyycAllcHiac, oPyovOnuiKH1c,. rl' UUTO OCVTOU O£iXVEI KUI OUOTI1IlUTlKU. () 1l1"POe, rHj)pyoe; f3pioK£Tal 1l1U IlCPU OTI1 Xcj)pu. Mu\;,i TOU n6vTU t.Xf.1 r.V(I IHKPO OIOAOKI. 'Exouv fjYEl £K£I OTtlV napuA.iu )Ilfl nOflr.n (lvqLOTpnTOpT]OCe; KUI 90.,ouv yAtVTl. [U~lItT(I)IHlT\KU 0 nc;)Pyoe; fipcI TllV KOUAOUPlci)TlKll OOI)OTu. 'EXCI VUXTWOf.I, ~lU OTllv (lnuiTtloll TOUe; VU na[~cI Kan, TO plOKo.PCI K(11 )lCV£1. Toue; 1WI~£1 (1)c, TO RPWI TO iotO KOllllaTl, XupT~I)'I"C;lVr.TfLlK(/,l nuipvt.1 TO npwTO pcinnof,w .. OUmaOTlKU ouv f.nuYYI;Af.lUTiue; UPXi\;,El Ill:TU TllV £1tlOTpOqlli TOU uno TO OTPUT0I511/.u15li TO 1955, r.V(ll r.Xr.1apxioEI vu Tpuyouoa f.lETOV Kapp6, I, U/)I:)..IPit TOI) EIP~VT], arro TO ) 956. T'lV EIPitVI1, 0 KapPclc, TIlV RplJlTol3y6.C,el OTO enclyyeAl1u. Mr.TCt .dlf.lrrO(1(l XP6vla, 0yaiv£1 ow Tpayollol 11IlIKp6Tf:PI1 <LOcA(I)!) roue; AYYf:AIK1) Kal u,,611T] or. ),iyo 0 Bl::vluf,Liv Tile; OI"OY{:VCIClC,0 BUYYI:AT]e;. AUT6<; KUTa P upTupiEe; TOUAelXIOTOV TOU UOcAcpOU TQU 1 UOlflY', KovlT6noUAou dVCH em' a),ouc, nlo TUAUVTOUXOC,I\Ill 01(1. ()Pyuvo nou nufSf.I, KIBupu Kat AOOllTO, oUToM8aKToe;. o lluyycAIlC, oev nui(,cI IIOVOV UA.I-O Kat Tpayouc5ci. l:.~aipr:TO PlOA! nui\;,r.1 Kat 0 ciUoe;, flcj}Pyoe; KovlTonou1-0<; «0wulioYl(;lPYll<;» nponoc, ~<iOt:Aqlo<; TOU fu:iJPYou Kal TOU BayytA1l. AUTOe;, KfU 0 Y16c, 0 npcinoe;, TOU Kwv/vou KovnonOllAOU TOll «0£:ou» C~' OU Kill 0r.OllOOYlcilPYlle;. 0 KWOT!lc, dVUl U8f.Alp6; TO\) NIKOA~ TOU MIx0).-'l Kat TOU cl>AWPIOU. 0 0WUo()yu;)(>'(11C, AOlnov qLCp(lvil;,CTOIYUpw OTO 1947-48 KUI KaVEl TO Tl:llnOI)TO TOU (( t.va y<ill,o Ill: AUOUTlepl1 TOV KOVOIlOYlcjJPY'1, 0 onoioc, KOVOf.LOYlciJPYll<;,ciVUl ma 48TOPll<;, 0 OC <,0co<;» 1l0AlC, 20 f.TcJIV. Arroqlaoi(,cTul oc un6 TT]VOIKOyt.V£lU lOV KcjJOTU TOU «0r.01)) WPDt) 0 rl(J')PYT]e, cIlu6e PIOA! npcnci vo. OIlIIlUUf1Yitoouv TC(Killl. KUl t.TOI IlC nOAMe; OlKOV0I11KCe; Oua!cc, 0 UJ)CAcIl6e;TOlJ r"')PYT], IllKPOTEPOC, (Ut' aUlov, fjyuivEI AaOllTICfll1C, TO 1950. () rlCl.KOullite; KovITonouAoc,. 0 nUKOUPI;<; t:nuyycAf.lo.TIKU nuiC,I:1 IIExPI TO 1970. To 1954 Clllpavil;,f.TIll 0IOAITC,t'1C:; KIll nOAlI K(!),6e; 11elALOTU0 1l1Kp6TEpOe; Y16c, TOU (.;(;'OT(I tl AI:(1)vi15uc, KovIT6nouA.0e;" orrou 11.clAAOV nuil;,El

TEYXOI29 Aaounr.pT]C; YlU Aiyo yUP(I) ern 10cTia 1950-60 un~p~c KUl o rIWPY11C, fEpOVrelKI1<; «Kovoudxn». npwToe, ~uc5c1.lpo<; Kill Il0.6llTllC, TOU ciHoll «KoVOIlOYlCilPY1P>. Toutoc 0 pIKpOe; KoVOIlOYlCi>PYllC,cival ,,(10c;,TOU KOVOllOVII\6lu, TOU ncpilPl1lLOU rOuf.lnu~li, Kat 0 ~I£V rtwpyoc, OCVyiVETCll YVWOTOC,ouv AaOUTlCP'lC" r.ival OIlWe, YVWOTOC,ouv naTcpuc, T"T]<;Atna<; repovruxn - Koppe, nOAu yvwo~ KUlno/.u KaAri OTO N'10ICl>TlKO Tpuyouc51 ono»; EniOllc, xm n Mapin [KOUAci.!;IVOU. 01 nEpIOOOTCPOI uno ,oue, 1lpouva(pCp8tVTce; eival YV(I)OTOI YIUTi cnal~uv os 1\0llnavice; OXI uovov r.niOllllu opvuv«, Cl/,Aa. Kal rouunrn«, rocun ouvn Ii OOUfjAIUpl. Ynapxouv OIlU)e, «rn uspncot aK6~111 nou liev OCl (;npcrrc vc ~CXClOTOUVYlUTi atpIAOKCp8ci)c, Kal XaPlv nopcac, RUAuI6rspn Kill n K01111, KanOtOUe; owo K~:Oo.C,ouv. o IWOIlqlllC, n .X. F.IVUl OUVUTOVvo ~exaoT"i nou iou)c, I<Uvdc, oev ~:7{(!lsr.onv UUTOVTO UUTOOXEOlO001iPAH1PI TOU; 0 1(1)(!~lpl1e;, 0 Koutoounr«; rron~ bE\! cnUl~r. os OIWOOllL 1:1\J)~/,(.)orl

0.,,'01111· KQl CPX6I1aOTf. ern vc6HCPl1 yr.Vl<i TWV KOVtTOrrOUAuiwv. 01 Yloi TOU «0COUYlWPYll» AVTcj)VT]C,Kl8<ipa, Kcj)OTU<;AuouTO naisouv crruYYCAllunKcl, JJaiC,ouv 01 vecpoi OC OUYKPOT~IlUru uHa. KonoT!: nai~ouv KUl 01 rpc«; ollAaori 11£ TOV nurspn TOUC,. 0 NiKOe; Kovrronooxoc, TOU Finxouun, nui~EI roptnoTUTO AuouTo EnuYYeAllaTIKO xm 0 flwp,oe; nail;,EI xrn ouroc; AClOUTOYla TO Keqll TOll. 6C~IOTt.XVlle; OLO/dT1;~c" av£PXop£VOc, us TUXUTl1TU0 VEUpoe; Baoll,T]<; KAouOaTOc;" YIOe; TOU NiKOU K).ou~ciTOU «NlKOAUpa» KW Tlle; Ayyr.AIK11C, Kovrroxouxou. LTO Tpo.YOUOICXOUILC OTO \;,cviO TIe; K6pec, TIle; Eipuvnc, EAtVT] A£"(uKll, Tll(' AYYcAIKI;e; [TcHa Kat Mapio. KUt TOU rl.wPYou NaOlU, YVWOTCe;Kat nr.puv TOU t:),AI1VIKOU XWPOl)' I\c, f.lF.ouyxwpeoouv 01 KOVtTOnOUAOt YLaTi KOVTEIIIU vel ),llollovitow TOV usouio aO£Acpo 10UC, Kro01U Kovrronooxo TOU MlxciAT]. ria Kci~lROOO Ko.lPO TpaYOlioei a KW(lTuc, Kovrr6nou).0<; W T' aMp(plu TaU Kal Kupiwc, 11£ 10 rIWPYO. TpaYOlJOl(Tn'l<; Ill: TCJA£VTO6u Ilnopouol: va KaVEI aT' UA,li8£la KCLPU:PU, 6XI IIOVO OTO NllOlWTlKO a),AU OTO PE~lmhIKO KUl TO Aa"iKo Tpo.YOUc'iI. ("l(l AOyOUC,nou 0 iolO<; ~tPEI TO lpaYOUOI Or.v TO OUVI:XI01:. [TI1V OIKOytVEIU TOUyepou KOVtTOrrOUAOUun~pxc Kal OA)..0<; YIOC" 0 BaOIAll<;, uOcAcp6e; TOU NIKOA.li, TOl) MIXOA.tl <!lAwplOli. <!lllOlKa KI UUTOe;ndlallt.voe;. 'EX£lKUI YIOU<;Kat KOPI:C" U),A(i TllV 1l01i0lKli napuoooll TWV KOVlTOnOUAUiwv Tll ouveXIOC OTO TpayoGOI 1l0VO IlIU KOPll. H Kou),a KovlTonOUAOU JlpWTOVOTupiou, II onoiu UK61l11 TpayoUOel £nayyr.A.llaTIKci. KUI KI-dvOU~lC TOV KUKAO TWV KOVlTOnOUAOiwv, Yl,Ova 0.voi~oul.lr. eva yeO, Ill: TT]VOIKOycvElU TOU LTOeT] KOliKOliAOPll. o LTCiOT]c,KUTu!;IW~!eVOe; KI aU16e;, oPyuvonaiKTllc" OtOAtTC,lie; YV(I)OTOe;os: EAM.c5u Kat f.~WTr.P1KO. Tn Rp(ina o.KoGolluTU T I:XCIun6 TO PlOt,i TOll MIxa!..11 TOll KovITonouAou. Q n:AEUTUioe; naiC,CI KOlvoupyta TpayouOla IlC KI-£IOTCC,nc, nopTEc, TOI) npoIPUV(;)C,,IU Ilollxia KCJ.l0 IlIKp6c, [Tu6llC" nou TO onin TOU ppiOKI::To.LfLKfll.pw<;ancv(JvTl, eOT(.) KUI KCK!..EIO~I.£\!lJ)VTWV (;)upwv rcaipvi:1 TO oKon6 Kalil' tvu f310/.UKI. ROU EXf.I, CLPXi(,r.1va nuiC,F.t. LC T]AlIdu 13 CTcj)V,apxil;,cI va eival Eniol1l1oc, l1u611T'lC,lot) anOU ()PUAIKOU PtOAITl;,~ LTaI1U10llaVWAT] Un01T]V I\neipav00. II ClflXll yivcTal TO 1958. To 1959 TO KaAOKo.(pl nail;,cI IlC TO l'taVVll TOUKWVlaTll «J"IOVVOllAOKT1» nou £iVUl J.c!QUllepl'1<;, YlU Aiyo lil<ioTT]lla Kal allToe;. o rl<ivVT]e, Il(L6~lCua£ KovTa OTO 9f:io TOU, LTelOll KupnovTlvll, TOV no.nu-flwPYll, TOV KAapIVETlUPI1. LTo (010 Ol<iOTllllU nai~cI KUIIlE TOV BuyyeAIl A£,,(OKll, IlU(}T]T~C,UUTOe;,TOU KOVOIlOYIWPYll. KUl 0 Boyy£),,11C, TU nUpo.To nplv aK6~lU y(VEI nOAt) YV(I)OTO<;. o [Tci0llC, KouKouAUp'le; TO 1960 (PCUYf.luno TO XU)PlO Kal CPXI:TUI OTI1VA(}~V(1 Kal ypolpeTUl OTO !lc5Elo, TUUT6XPOVfl c501lACUEI. <1>olTOOTO nO£lo KUI bOUA£Uf.1 ow KEvTpa £Cl)c,TO 1968 nou qlcuyt:1 Yla TllV AliOTPUAiu KUI yUpil;,f.l TO 1975. KUI nelAI OPXil;,Cl c50uAClcl 11£OUYKPOTlil1o.Tu OTCl KEVTPU, wonou TO 1983 KUV(:I 01,,6 TOU. 'EX£1 ItlU KUI ou6 nUloICl, tva y\O KUI ilia K6Pll, nou KUI UlIlcl aKoAou6ouv T' (lXVelPlU TOU naTtpo. tOue;. o YIOc,TOll Twpa nai\;,t:1 AaouTO KUI K180pa, T]c5f:1(6pT] TOU melvo KClLTpayou06. 'ETOI «i)pa 1Lf:c5lKo TOll<; mu KtvTPO, J~4) if? I(al xp6Vla, r.Xouv 01 Tpelc, orroll/)aio OUYKpOTT]lla 10(, 4'"ill,I. II' ,\' ~ ClUOUC,.

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77.

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lOY I\IOI - IEnTEMBPIOI

1991

IlU OTa qlU},AOOta unoPX£1 UK61lll 0 urrollXoc, ano CKCIVO TO rruiE,IIlO. 0 YIOc, TOU 0 KWOTUC,65 Xpovwv nspinou noi\;,cl "01 aUToe, (J}PUIO OOU~AlOPI, ErOl XOPIV YOUOTOU. o TeAcuTovlKOlue;, nai~EI Touuncxi, 0 rlwPYT]<; 0 KAouOOTO~ «Mouvsc» nui('EI Touu nouvn. o ria KOU(.l1ic,0 KAOUOOTO<;YIOe, TOUytpovTa «ErrupounPIO», nou ppioK£Tal Hi>pa o ru K11qll0l0, nuil;,CI KI aUToc, TOLJp,na Kl. E~alpeTiKOc; Tocunouvrspnc Twpa o rov Klvioapo tivUl 0 RlTOlpIKOe; NlK6),u<; AluPllaKonouAoc, - TOU I\laplluKoOooiAll YIoe; -. EnCl'(YEAlluTIKa RaiC,ouv U1\6f,111 T uc5CJ.cjllo fKOU(jl(l, 1tatOlel TOU LTo.upaKoYHivvIl. 0 rlWpyOC:; 13lOAIKUI 0 LTauooc ),(10UTO. 0 [TaUpOe; r.iVUI KUI Tpayouc510T~C,. BIO),11C,11e;[miO'lc, ERayyeAllaTlue;, 01'0 XWPIO dval HOPU Kal o Mnvoucor; Kupnoc5ivIle;, YlOC, TOI) KOKKIVOYlaVVI1.


IOYJ\IOI - IEnTEMBPIOI

1991

TEYXOI29

aHMOE NAEOY:

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TEYXOI29

IOYAIOI - IEnTEMBPIOI

qJr-POUIlCTOlle; OK01tOUC,nurou TOUopvnviou o», Ylati mOtEUoous on F.7rltel,oue, 136:~ouv TO Iluxaipl OTO KOKKalo:

1991

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lOYI\I0r - rEnTEMBPIOr

1991

TEYXOr 29

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lOYI\I0r - renTEMBPIOr

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NA=:IAKA 23


10VI\IOI - IEnTEMBPIOI

nnpc novo T(I)\' OUYYEVWVKUI (pi),u)V TOU no.oxovTO<;. H 1l0pq>WOt::;KOI 'l nstpn o.UTOt)11n:oaupuKovwtnl<; xcn:aT'lOUV rourov o.PKOUVTW::;nOAlhqlOV nUpaYOVTU EI<;T1)V0A'lV I\"olv(J.)Viuv <11::;V1100U ~IU<;1) onoiu IlETc:l I·U::yc:lAll<; }.1)1T11<; napF.TllPEI EOXClTWC,OTt ),0"101 unOK},ElonKoi Hl<; (l(J.)~lClnK~c, TOUuYF.ia<; U}J..6. Kat cnovorrrsuocox; ouvsnsin ~o.pew::; OIKOYCVCtaKOUTOUbUOTUX~~LUToe;,TOUuypiou 8aVaTOlJ npomplAOlhC, TOUT£KVOU, Ko.TEOTl)(JelVrourov OXI cnapK~ 01tWC, urro~6.I..AETUI t:1C,I1£yo.)..(1e, (lW~l(lTl K6<; xoxcocc«; KOI no.peXEI T1)V OUVbPOIl~V TOU ClC,Tf..(Olo.(PO(lU X(J)piu T1)C,VllOOU oxou blClPKW<; I c(,IjTdTO. n<; 6vep(~)11:0<;U1tllP';EV IbavIKoc,. EU(lF.iac, F.'(KlJKlorrmOlKite; 1l0p(pci)oc(J)c, K(Heixe rr(tVTOTCnporrcuoucuv 8eOlv c«; Ko.~)cnupOUOlUl,OIlCVOV romxov KOIV(J)\'IKOVnpOp, ..nuu. fluvrou, d::; rnv oucfuv TOU, e«; TO 01)1l00lU K£VTfm F.IC,K6.8E OUYK£VTP(I)OIV onou f.TuyxavEv nU(lC'lV. 1)pEOKf.tO xcvrorc vu olMlOK') KUI va vOlJ8CT~ f.ni nftOllc, (PlIOC(J)C,l,1)T1WOT(J)v. Kat 11 OU(,l1TljOle, Kelt ') bibOO Kalia (tUTOU itTO rraVTOTF. TF.pnVn, on<IH)C"y),o.(pupcL Tt,) 19100 KUK;',noIKoe, ),noc, cKn~lwv Ta no),j,a o.l)TOUnpooovTU F.~O£~ev tOllTO rr),llflE~OUOlOV1:1::;TllV TOTI: nj)c'lTljV Avu0t:cIJj)1ITtKl1V EOvoauve!,elJC1IV f.VeCten(J~i(l)<; f.lVTC7[POOtllRwot TOV No).loV Kal unwTllpl~C TO OUI.HptpovTU TOU ·E(:)vouc,. H OpftOlC, OIHOU (I)e, OIKOYI:VCIUPXOUorro 7((}01)e, onolllEll)e;uncpoxoc,. Nup (pr.uAr.ie,H..) 1891 ItCHJ TI)<;ncpl Ka)../..Ol)c, KOP11C, TI)<; upxovnK~e; OIKoyr:vcia; HI::; Tpuyaia<;, ra~a},u .\1 0 plyOUAUe" arrf.KTllor. Kal (1Vf.nTU~e 01KOyt:vttCl V OO~(l(lU V, l1AIKt\V Kflt fmo rr6(1)~ anOll/f-w<; 1tPOObf:UHKliv CV Til KOl\,U)vto. Elc, TU 2 Uppt;VU T£KVU aUTol) CTtl:llc),IWl1 va b~)Oll ~16p'PWOlV f-nlOtlWOV1K1lv, upTiuv KUTuaniooc" TOVF.VCllaTpov KUl TOV ftA/,ov UV~JT. TpUnCl,IKOV unUAI..rl/ ..Ov £1<; bE to. 8n/.£(!. TT)V nj)oo~KoUO(tV EYKuKAonUlbIKllv, KOIVC»)VIKt\VK(tl OIKIOKijv POP(P(J)(JI.V<)lOTI':vn E~{:X(.I)OlVCVTu) 1\UK/,(1)T1)::;KOIV(.I)viae,).10.<;. H uyan1) f1\)TOI)npo::; T1)VoIKoyf.vF.l!iv TOU Oa pOU rrnpupLiv1) uU_rJOpOV'1TO<;. AOq>UA(l)<;TO 7[atplKov 'pi/,TPOV Kat 11 o lll,llY IK~ uyci7t1) I:V T(.I)npooci)1t(I) TOU noAul.;),O;UOTOU I.We,VF.K000 F.UpOVTO IbuVIKOV T(J)VlJROI)(.IY).l(L M1KPOV (lKOP1) Kal 8n 1100vaTO va cl7[T) TO TOU LUIlCci)vo<; «VllV anO/,uCIC, TOVoouAOV LOU L\£OTtOT(l» (IAA.Uf>~:vllUTt)XT)OF.Kat (PEtiYEIpc T'lV mKpiuv Kat TO nO(lft.novov OTt (t(pijVCIClKO~l1)000 OuyaTepuc, TOU 00(pavu<; CV~)onollvliOKF.l VEOe,aKOpl), ~:iXf:TOV Kalpov V(l i01) Kf.lIflnoAutiO'1 TT)VEI)TUX~K(li TOUHI)\' 01tOKuTG.oTaOlv, 010 vu (IV(lnaUO~ nAtov f.nEITCl EV T)pE).Iia KUI yu),~V1) we, civ8p(J)1l0e, CKTEAcoa<; nAij(lCI1<;TOV 7[pOOpIOPOV TOU cni TT)::;YI1<;· An' (01)}..01 Kal KpUtrlOI 0.1 f301.l),ai TaU UIl/iOTOU, KUI TWPU nou 0 unaiolO<; Xapu)v TOV acpijpnuoev E~aicpv1)<;ano TO peaov I)).1WV).Iia npO)TCUOUOU OK£II/I<;ae; KuplapX~(1) Ele, OAWVpoe, Tac, OlfLvolu<;, Ae, nEpl~aA(J)IlCV 01..01111:T1)V a(poo[u)oiv po<; KUI ayan1)v T1)V~apunevSotioflv OIKOyevCluv TOU Kal u<; npoorraA~o(J)IlEV va ~:7tlX00(J)~ICVbPOOOV napllYOpia<; ele, TU~ TeOl"~lll{:VO<; II/UXa<; T(JlV. A<; un£v8upio(J»).Il::v PoI<; aUToue; T1)V ~lClTaIOT1)TaTOU KOOIlOUTOUTOU,T11v EKpil,(JlOIV KfJl KaTuoTpOq>ijv OIKOY~;Vf,IWV uno UI(pVloiae, KaT(1Iyioo<; T1)<;TlJXT)<;,u<; UnEVeUpLOWp£V £le, autoue, aK6~l1) T1)VtTl ~),Aov 011IlEPOV E7tlOT1)pOVIKW<; nopabExoll{:vllv a8uvaoluv TOU nv£u).Iu TOC;no.p{:xouoav T1)VcArrlOo. Ott TO nVEulla TOU npoOTaTOU tWV KalllETu OUVUTOVSo. oU).InapiOTuTal. 00. Cnl~Af.7t11KUI £7[I(POI1:UEl<; Ko.SE T(J)V npa~lv. 11OAt)KAo.UOTCOUVQOCA(PC,

24 NA:=IAKA

TEVXOI29

1991

Anoruov copov WYVWlloouvlle, IWI oel3aollou npoc; no1,ln~lOv ouvepyunlv Kat nUACllOv 01 KOyCVCIUKOVcpi).ov 116tA1)-

St o).iY(J)V V(1IJ1tF.VOUj.lIOW T1)VayaSocpyov LOU Spcoiv Kat OIF.P).I1)VEUO(J) pet(t T(.I)VtOOWV ebw OUVOl6pIO).lEVWVOIU va LE ClnoXUlpETio(J)W:v ouyy£vwv Bcuuncrcov KClIcpiAWvT1)VlIIuXIKl1v 1!0u OOUVl)Vbla T1)Vnpocopov aOIKov a1tw)..cluv LOU. EuTUXW<; 11 Cp(t)TEI~ cou 10TOpio yvwoT1'1 TOI<; ndorv, ).IE urrCl)./..aooel TOU xonou va ).IaKp1)yOpW xot vn KaTa6A.i~wl!al CTtinl£ov avanoAc.tlV 'CUC;wpaiac; oou cvcuvnoe«; noA.},ai T(J)\' oxouov KaTa 10 tcA.EUTaia tT1) ouvE&E61)oav OTeVWe; ue Tl)V IOIKllV I!OU ~(J)nv. Q<; ouv6.bEAq>Oe; 00. napal!CiV11<; no.VlOTe 0A1)OI!OV1)T0C"(J)e,aV8p(11noe, lEpa xrn Eml3AllTlKli OKlO. npor; t1)V oxoinv ouxvci Bu UTEVio(J)IlEV aVTAOUVTEC,bIOUY).lUTa. AnspXeoOI us TT)Vnucpinv e«; TCl XEiA1), on TOUAo.XIOTOVbEV snpo(p8u(JF.e, va a7[oxalpF.T~(1)e, T(1 npoocpIAij OOU OVT(1 Olon 0 KOIVOC,T(J)V lQTPWV o.onovboe, cX6poe, 0 Xo.pWV unouA(J)<; KUl OOAi(.)e,oou KUTEq>f.PI:TO TcAEW)TIKOVnAnnlU. AI,.)'" EXEle,T1)V OlJVf.l(1)OlV enavEnnU~If.v1)V on Eu6pK(J)(, K(ll ev bIK(lIOOUVl) f.c,f.rrl..~p(J)oCle,TOV npooplo).lOV aou we, Icnpo<;, we; OIKOYEVEIo.pXl1~ Kat (J)e; avElp(JlRoe" avaKoucplOIV bc 01060.vEoal va nC(lIBpEXOUV ~IC T1)V8pooov 'I(J)V CClKPUWVTWV TO oK1'1vw).Ici 00t) K(L9' 1)V wpav K(1Tf.PXEOat F.le,TOV Tacpov Tl OIJ{,UYO<;,T(1 Tf.KVa 0(1) 01,(1 OUYKl::vT(leJ)IlF.V(lm:pi TO CPEPETpOVaou Kat TO nj.~Soe, TO TOOOV HJlV OuyyCVc)W OOU KaL CpiAWV.'Owv 11 rij ocxEln TT)VO(')POV oou nolUKAUIlOTE OUVcib€I..CPCKat to OEnT6v O()l) ow~tO bl:V Sa q>aiVETal nAEOV tie, TOVT6nov TOUTOVTOV0noiov TOOOV 1)YCl1tT)OEe, 11 avu~(1)oic, oou s(J)1)pci KOI emf3AllttKl1 0(1 napa).lEiVT) 7taVTOTE ev TW ~ltO(J) I)).I<OV.H pV11111). 1) Q.l(;lVlU).Ivlhlll! 11 onoia So. oe nUplOTo. nuvTOTE t,(J)v'Iav6v K(1l TT)Vonoiav ollbqtia bUVal!l<; £ivai Ele, 8EOIV va aV(lono.01) £cp' OOOV U7[O navT(J)V ll11<OVEla 8cwptital 00<;IF.POV KEIPtiAIOV. LE unoxalpETW I1E TOVUOlatov 110UXUtpUtOIlOV Kat KUt(lOtTCJ.)Vcni T1)e,oen'Iti::; OOUo(J)POU tOY oTEcpavov ).IOUTOUTOV TOV onAotiv w<; TEKl!nplOV ocf3aOI!OU Kat EKTl~lijOC(I)C,LE OW~cf3al(h o'n TO 6VOl!0. oou navToTe 00. anoTeA~ lEPOV Elcl!a EIC; Tae, au('1)TnoEIC, oAu)V 1)I!WVT) OA1)OOU bf. 'aTaolObPo~lia 0.1..11On Cp(J)TOOTl:cflavov0 onoioe, no.vTOT£ eu UKTIVO~OAij 'I1)VYAUKEiav 110PCP~voou. AYt\p(J)c, 80. Eival 1111~~(1) LOU noAuK).OUOTE l.uvc.iOEAq>E. (Ecp'lp. ,«(J)(I}vll N{l~OU - napou», 22 AtK. 1929) 00. V(!

TEVXOI29 A(JYOUOTO:; 1986, 0.4. A KO).lCl"fla TIl (nuo1)'IOuYIUTPOU Mnpx. A. BoUllvbpa OTllV ennvdo ruon TOU 1917 TOU BEVlt,O,OU, rnv cniElcoT) TCJ.)VBevl.t,eIdKWV cvuvrtov TTlC,Na~ou KUllbLalTepCJ.)e,Tl)C;Anelpo.v80u p}.. . Keq>o).) v1)VIU011,H TpuY(J)oia Tll<;unelpuv60u TO 17, (N. Ks(paHl1vIU01), H Ansipuvdoc. AO~va 1985, o. 289). 4) To nOil1).10 auto TOU o.eipvllaTou ylOTpOU «anT)YYE)"8T) £rrio'lC;- mv 61) DeKCI!~piou 1920 £1(; Tpnvninv Na1;ou uno TOU Mripxou rp1)y. BaA/ ..1)vbpa, xoronoiou, KUTo. rnv uncp Tll<; A.M. TOU BUOlAeWC,KCl)v/vou lIIal.r.ioav 80[,0;',oyiav sni TIl crouo a(pic,el TOU». 40.) npOKF.ITat YI(I T1)VAf3aoiAWT1) L\1)).IOKpaTia me; 24 Mnpr , 1924.... 10 «'PijCPl<lIlU TTl<;L\' [UVT(l K1I K~C,T(J)VE) ..A~v((lv LUVEl..euoewq> «napi CKnT(~Ocw<; T'Ie, zxuvccrsicc» (lVUIlE(J(l or aAAU ovaq>epET(u: 10) KT)PUHEI OPIOTlKWe, EK7TTWTOVT1)V ouvaoTEiuv T(JW n.. uc,(3oupywv, OTEPf.i DAO TU PEld) ano 7[aVTOe, blKalWl1am<; f.rri TOU8povou Kal TIle, E).A.l)VIK11C,18uYEveia<; Kal (l1tayopEutt CI<; aUTO. TllV EV EU..aol blU).IOVllV.

10VI\IOI - IEnTEMBPIOI

1991

20) AnocpuoiC,£l vc ouvTax6Ei 11EAA6..<;s«; bT)).IOKpUTiav KOlVO~OUAF.t>TlKti<;popcpije;, uno TOVopov EYKpioElo<; TIle, oxoocOEW<;aUTlie, uno TOU A(101) 016 oT)).IOIj/1)cpiopaTOe;... 30) EnltpCnCl rnv cvovxuo rucriv ana) ..AOTpicOOlVTWVKTT)llanov TWV OV1)KOVT(J)Vf.1<;TU p£l,Tl <1)<;EK7tTWTOUDuvuoTciuc,. KTijlloTa neplEAOovra s«; IlEA,l1TIle; EKnt(~tOU L\UVUOTelU<;EK owpEac, 'IOU L\ll1looiou, bijpwv, KOlvOTijTCJ.)Vij VOIlIKWV xpooomccv II anOKTl.8eVTa ~ KaTaoKcua08EvTa 01' E8vlKWV EpaVWV,nepttpXovTUI aUTObl.Kai,we, riveu OUbel!lu<; unot,T)pl(OOE(I)C" eu; TO D1)pOOIOV 11TOUe; 01 KEioue; olhIOU<;, KOLVOT1)TEe, ij VO~IlK6. npooconc. H ro ropiu f.KtOTE EnavEA11CPflT)TEAtoraia, ouo»; aUTll <1) ooo« TO.(3aOl/,lKa KTijllam K.An.cc,UKoAouf)otiv nxou« v' avt\KOUV (JTOU<;CK1tT(.oTOUC"xwpie, c.xouu vn n£plEl..90uv OTO DT)1l0mO 11 orout; oucsioix; Dijl1ouC,! ... (LXET. PA. 10TOpiu TOU EI..A11VIxou 'E0vou<;, TOp. IE', 0.281). 5) Ki O~IWe;, now tPUYIK~ Elpwvio. 0 o.vOpwnoc, nou ayanouor. TOOO TIl q>UO'1,TQ otvTpa, TU n/,aTUVlU, EXUOE ).IET(lOYlKO Tpono TO I!IKp6 TOUYlO, X<URlU1EVOunO eVU nAUTaVI, KaT(I) OTOV nOT(lIlO TOU Xa),KloU' ...

l.:I-IMEI.m':EI!::

NA:=IAKA

25


lOY I\IOr - rEnTEMBPIOr

TEYXOr 29

1991

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Kal ouv~al'nnEPlvpacpn 1:out; at_l.u i.aoypacpl"~, J I x),(I)pion TllC,Nat,ou ItUPOUOI(t~EI~1I;yai'Tl1t0IKI).io (PUTnv cpyooio aU1rl anoQlumoa vu YPUljJffi Kal vn TIl blllJOrrov, nou sivrn OTO Vl10i UUTOlPUlio xo UIWVt<;, TtTOlU ItOIKIOIl::UO(l)YlaTi blUItlOT<i)V(OOTi Itapa rroU.oi OUJlTCaTpH.lHr.C, ~Ia:; Airl (PUTti)V oc Alya ~tf:PTj TTj':; rtfLTpitiae, Jlae, OIJVUVTa~Il:, xru IOlUiTcpa vtce, Kat VEOI8~:yv(t)pi~ouv TO nopixlO Kal bev I It0 n,:u(J)VfLIl vi:PXovTat oc XIA1(ilke, TO. dOll roiv UUTo(Pu(i)V(PU- clval os Oto11 VO Booov «uic ~Iay(;pla», onwe; Aepc, yw epaYTlrorv TOil vnoion line" T6 1t0U U(J(PUA(i><; anoTr.).ci UP1010 KOI unnpnirnro oUJlnlrlE' aUT~ TTlVepyuoiu ~IOUH" (LOXOAIlOO)anoKlf.I(JTlKa uc P(OI!O T11<;bt(L1POIPrl<;~lU<;, HI UUTOQlU~ f.KEiv(1 (pUTa, ItOUElVal Xornn ~ Itoe;; Kat rporyovAVaQlEpW on (HTl\' KaToX11 ru ltopiXW, nov t1Oeia rIpoVOIU tu {;OTr.AVf.cup60\,a OTO TOltO pa:;, sccocov TOUe,ncproTIll ~ j3paoTu ~ YIfJXVICHOli TTlyaVtTU ,'I (')Il 0. , To lteplooc)rC:I)(J (J no ru co6)81~t(JUUTU (pun} (PUOVTOITO OOTf.POUe,uvOf)<;}rroue" C1>Of)n')JlOT{.( noplXlW\, Kat Tl,IIlItlTWV l\oul301,otiOQV 01 I\U10lKOI nov OPCIV(;lV18luitCf)a XWPIWVanO (POIVOIt(uf)O,p,I:Tit TIC;ItPcJlTC<; Ppoxtc" (!\,UltTUOOOVTOITil IpOIvOltr,lplvl11:rrOXI1, OIU'IlPOUVTCU6),0 TO XClllwva Kal ruv OVOl- rn ItEi)IVU pt:P11OTa o mrtn 10Ue; KUl Yla ItOAAOUe,UltOTl:Aouoav 1Tl~lOva8lKl1 TPO(P~TOUe"Xopm ~puOHi JlCAiyo Alibi .-al ~'1 CI veotiv, AlPOI) (l)W vl:lioouv t.llpUIVClvtru, Ta XOP10,IPUOVTUIrra),l TOIpOlvonl,lpo nno TU OrrEf)~l(Ha I\a~lla trlyuvl11i rraTa10 ~1av 'flU 1a TpuYlKa EI\f.iva Xp6vlo noi,unJlo IpaYI1T6, rouC;, 01 OETCOEC; UTCOTU UTCOyt:lU~ti:f)11TOIlC,ItOU btaHIPOUVTUI rl' aU10 Kal TO bioTlXO: <,(,)VTClVUOTO £l5o.(Poe;,Tu ciypta XOPTU nou l3y6.so~u::UltO TO U\wpoc, pI: TO IWX(lipl ono TO (pI:lIVOnl1)POKal O'OA11Til lil(IPX6pra ITp(t)i. xnpra (3paouc;. x6pra TO pCOIlJdpl apayc Or.l'avrf.~otll; l'lipOCI TO ,.,aA.OIwipl; I\l:ta TOUXI:III(;)VCI. ow Itq)looorql(l Xl'lPIU TTle,Nut,ou HI 0VU~tU~OUV«rI 0 piX I rI,), TI1V OVO)l(1010(Luni 8ev ~lTCopl:eHL To ltopiXla Ou w xwpio(t) uv(iloyu IJCTOVTpono ItOIJIlavn r.f,UKPIPU)O('1uno rrou rrpOf:xpf.TUI , '10('1<;,IlnoElcT(,), OTC6 YClpeuov1U1oll).a<'i~ /3(laoTCt,YIUXVIOTU.TllYavmi '1(l.)Jlcla'-ETa ~ Ou/.am (TllYUVITa y[VOVTUI Ta JlaVlTaf)W), TO(t1tf.f)H~X(t)),r.rrr.LlillltCpu::XOUVOpr.TCTlKec, OUOlEC"KCll 01: aA.I,U Vf10HlTWVKuKAuo(J.)vTfl Myollv Ill: TI)VOVOI,woiu UUTit(Kl:a OVOtiaOiEe; noplxlWV nou 8pa~ov~al ,-,An.), YnuPxcl IloJ,loTa OlD VTjoi (WTO KUI CltiOCTOoll\OyeKal 'EpwYOV'Eal tiE Wtl6 ila61 VEI6lV<<llopiX1l<;», 'OTav pWTTlOa KanOIOV Jlf. TOETCi8ETO aUTO I, AyyoupuKla 1l0U r.lltE 6" nf)of.PxcTul un6 Ta «nopiXlu». Ta aypIU x6pta, 2, AYPleiTOOXOI nOA.I,a ano TO lt0pIXla TTlV <ivol~11 0yu[,ouv w(,luvOiu, I I PIV 11wt,lavOlu ~1l:OTWClf.1 Koj3oullC Ill: T(1 X{;Pw. ~IU<;(avTi3, AYP10ltI1tCPU:<; 4, AonopaYYla (L1tUpaYYlu) Xr:IPfl Kat OC(KTI) Tl1VTPU(PEpl11U~lavOiu KOLaUTa T(1 XOptCt 5, AT06XOl llJlEPOI (Zoxoi) TQ ',{;~IC«Tl,II.l.nITO». f:rrf.IS~ "a tl,I~I7tCtW;ylU va TQ K61110U~II: 6, BMw OCTPUIPEPO~ltpO:;, LC ~1I:PIK<iX(J)PIOA.l:vr:TClTl,IJl7tlTU (mopixw» tvW W flU,a TO /-tVE «onaon!» f.lttlOtl Ta anoonol)\! a no 7, BOA~oi 8, BpaK(lKla TO (;O(l(POe,~ICTO ~lC1XC1ipl, rl TO.OVopa[,OIlV arrA.6>e;«,~OpTa». 9, Bpovltc, (Al3povlte;) YnuPXouv noUa CibTl1COPIXl(j)V.011/.. aIHO([lll<i)VX6P1(J)V I0, Bu~a KIa (l3u~u ~ j3ul,Cna 11af)Ocpoj3u~nTa (Tl Tr.l.CUTaia 0nou Tf1 A';I,lI: I\(LI 6yf)ta ylCl vet 10, ~l:Xt'lpiOOUJlE aR6 1U l\etA.vOllaoifL OTIlV Am:ipav80), ).II:f)yOl'l~lf:VUOTCJltnTlOTI KU, 0u ClVU(P~:f)(Jl 60a 0 lOIO<;yw,lpil,«l, II, rala10ioce, YlUTi tXu) UOXOAI10EiapKETa pI: T1l X),Wf)i&Cl TaU Torrou IIoe" 12, KaAooTp6epIU ~ Tpupu).w '-(06).:; Kal 600 nl.IlJ10IPOPrlEll)K(J(me) oUllnolpI611f.C, ~lo\' "("f), Kapoa~lOubc(, vni He; Knt 6VTPr.;, I I poMyw Tl<;yuvaiKE:; YluTi aUTE<;'(\,C')PI I·t. KaOlMtl\l(1 c,mJVnCpIOOOTl:Po TU nopixw I\CH (JuTec;lowiTEpa T(J ouA/.f.15, KauKaAiOpf.<; yow, 16, KoHlt<; ~1Uni(JTu)OU OTtlV l:pwvu IIOl! On 0' CA.fl oxc&ov T(I Xc)17, KOltU\,UKICI, Iwi Tlle,No.f,ou Tel rropiXla t.xouv nc, iiilr.e; ovollCloice; C"'TOe;(litO IS, KOIIiOKIO cAciXlon:e, f:t,UIpi;Ot:IC" 01 ovoll1Loir.C; 1(J)VTCOPlXlO)V nOli ypu.ep(J)!::ivaI 01 TOntKf.C; "I 6XI 01 C1tIOTIlJlOVI.-{:e"n<; onoi~;<; ~kYV(I.)pil,w, OUTf.tX(I) Tf-TOI(/ IKUVOTllTU va TiC,I\p(,), XPCIO[,OVHII YV(;)OEl:;f.IOII\Oll I;ntOTllPOVU, AA./,weHI: tyw o.OXOAOU~WlIlf. TiC,napabOOCle, lOU Tonou IWe, KUl yp(i(p(.) cnule, HL f,tp(.) K(JI TU UKOU(J)an!') TOIl<;' OIJIIIW,Tf)I(im:<;JI(lC;KUlll E(>YllOill 1100/lir.v r.ivCH f.TCIOT11110VII\I'1 Oval'aoia

TEYXor

29

24, :Vlapou),i6pcc, 25, :Vlo/,oxe:; 26, \lltEVf.TaKIU 27, IlcpblKoltobupa 28, IlIKpO).apuyyu 29, rlll\ponoplxibCC, (ntKPC(, I3pouj3f.;) 30, rIpoj3arooxopTu 31, Paoil\ta aypw 01(l([10PU(I\OKKlVOpabuW. pUbiKla Knunou K,ln,) 32, LKouAipnpu 33, LmQluAiytYKa:; (YOUI.lei OTllV Aneipuvllo) J..t. l..tpiQlvo<; 35, Euvanta 36, <!>OVOPUbl Ka 37, <11ouOK(iKICl 38, XOlf)ol36.pl3upCl 39, Xorpoflooxoi - aYPOXOlPol3ooKoi

10YI\Ior

- rEnTEMBPIOr

1991

To T~I~1TIT(i TTle;~lUPOUA.IElpae"

EYNTOMH nEPlrPACDH TON nOPIXION KAI OftON TON AYTOCDYON (ArPION) XOPTON noy TPOME ETH NA:O

I) AapoYYlu rl TOOUTOOllpi6pE<; II pa8iKlu, To AapuYYI e1VUI noc. 'EXr.1Jleya),ce, naoa'.wotle; piC,Ee"TO.o<; Tl1<;o.VOlt,l1<; U(POUuv8iOEI (TO av60e, TOUEiVQ1onv unpvupiru OEIIIKPO nobioKO KI OXlonw<; TOUpaolKlou, YI' aUTOVOlti~CI)on bCV dV(l1 paoiKI), ~11paivoVHlI 10. unr.Pycla pCP'1 Kal ~ltvCI uccu OTOibatpOe,~w\'1aVlll1 pi~a, To Ql81voml)po ~ICTie, TCPWTE~ I3poxf.<; I3Auo1uvEI Kal KpaTel olo TO XElJlci)\la, Ta QluAAa TOUciv(lt 1:ntPllKll, TCoAunpdoivn Kat "laAIOWTO, OE\! (lVUIIIWVovml uno TOtba(poe" aU ..u anAC0VOVTOlnuvco 0' aUTO, <lltieTal KOTU ouOTObEC"A([IOovd 0' 01..'1Til Nu~o, IfllUITF.pa o rnv Tpnvoic, 6nou Kal 01 ltapU(pe:; TWVSpoucov stvrn yr.~6.Tf:e;aTCO AapUYYIO, Eivoi TO KaT' f.~OX11vnopiXI. To aUA.).tyollV 61..0101 KUTOIKOI TaU v110lOUxm I3p6.~f.tal I\UI 1I0VOTOUX(llpie; cHAa X6P1U ~IUAU1:acpun XOp1:a nau yivav1:al «Ylaxvlcna» [,1. 'Exci CAaQlpaonomxpn YEUOl)"Ctl TOV[,(op6 TOUnolAoi TOV nivouv yla ((>uPJlal\o, Tu UYPIU XOPTUnou yivovTUI YWXVIOTa bf.\, ru AEIJEno2) nIKpO).apuyyo. Eivm TOililO n!;pinou I-IETO),af)uYYI OApiXlu aUu XOPTO,7\h:PIKU (In' aUTO.ciVUI Kal nopiXla. Tu Xoprn noo yivOVlUl YlUXVI01U civet: I) llpopaToEe" 2) AYPIOOC- 1..0. eX"I ([luna mo IjIClAlo(t)Ta Kal sivrn UPKCHI 1lIKp6, ~EV Uno.PXouv nona 1tIKpOAapu'VYa KOl bEV rc Pp(OKCI «cvs«; (POUKAIl.3) AYPlaV0100, 4) KOUTOOuvUbCC,. 5) AU7taBa, 6) KcuctiKoAa, KUAiOpc<;, 7) BOP/,oi, 8) Ka),ooTp0((>Ia 1\ TpupuU, ..la. 9) =:u3) nU~UKIU li j3u~u it l3u~6.Ta, rI oa KI aU111ltoAU oW/)cooviOpr.<;. An' ClUTUn~ npollu.TOCe, pr.pll\oi '-ClI TIe,1\0UTOOuvaoEc" ~lt\'Tl a' 6All Tl) N6.~o, AtYE1al JlC TI<; Itapanavw ovo~ICloir.<; n; KClUI\U).iepE<;I\ClI TU KU)..001P6lpW TO Ilu~ouv Kal OTO no- YluTi 01 pi[,cC; TOUtxouv TTl POPlPll PIKf)(;)V ~laoTwv, nonc;)\' Il~~i, YnuPxolJv blaQlOpa dOI1I3u~aKlwv, Eival y)..UKUXOf)TCl, piXlU, btl}.abTl TU ppa[,ou\I, Qluovtai TO (j)(hv6nCt)po pc ne; npwn;e, Opoxf-e;, aA.AU YPl'lyopCl AU1:0cpUn XOp1:a nau 1:a 1:PWI'E wl'a IlCOTWVOUV,Acv Kpa10uv Tf)ulpepa 6nwe, m AupuY'Yla, To ou),· n 1:a KaVaUI'E Oaila1:a naill Wtla ).,tyouv Kal Tn j3p6.c,ouvouv~Owe, Jla~1 1If. TO AapuYYlu Yla vn YAuKaivouv Ta TCpWTa, Tu aYPln UUTaXopro f.ivOI: 1) Ta AUpuyyw (nOu EiV(ll Kat' 4) ApO[l3ol3i~(lT(l. MOIa~ouv rroAl> ~If.1a AupUYYla Kal 111: r.~oXli\' nopiXI), 2) 0 aYPloKeipbo.pOC;. 3) To KapbapoocllVO TO pU~OKla. OEVtXOIJ\I 0~1(t)C; iOlce, pi~r.<; p' o.UTa, II Or.J.llVUKl, 4) To uYPlonpaooo, 5) H KanaI'll (oulOQlU11C; OTll 5) MU\lTou>..ilil:C;.aYPlCe;Kal ~IlCPCC;(aUTOQlUrlKat TO Mo vIloi<'io IlapOtva unevavTI (litO TIl f'.h.-pti Hiylu), 6) Tn AuI:(b11), Eival yvwoTOTaTo XOPTO, H aYPla Ilf. (PUAAClROAUnpuOoupw (aYPlOapuKu<;), 7) Tn Ol\oU/,l(i, 8) I I pOKa, 9) H avOIva 11 ~I!CPTl liE CplJAAaXPwpa10e, AClxavi. 'Exouv IOIU[,OUOO Tpc:iKAU Ii aVTaKAiba 11OUA(lla I\al 10) Ta yOUA.lli, oO~lIi, YI' aUT6 ILOv6.Xce;01 l!avTOuAloee, bEVt:lval Kal TOOOIWAU1:0cpun cpU'Eanou 1:a ."uilila 'EOUr; Ate;, Ma~i oJlWC;~ICaA.AU xopTa TpWYOVTal nOAu euXo.PI01U, n 01 8ilao'Eoi 'Eout; Kal 'Ea aven 1:0Ue; Tllv UVOIt,ll JlE TIC;Ta~lav6i"e; TOUe,01 ~1(lVToulibEe, (JTOAi~ouv xpnOltiOnOIOUV1:al Via ap'Eutla'Ea Tn XWpaljlla, To avOOC;TOUe;Eival 01 YVWOT£<;aonpOldTf)IVCe; ltapyaphee;, 1t0U p' aUTe<;0& nonu xcopla TOUV11olOUOTOAiT a QlU1aaU1U civat: I) H butjlvtl (unciPXf.1 aUTOQlU';:;OTI) Lav XOP10 OUANci~o). 2) To JlapuOO (auTo((>ue<;a I\OPI) KOI OTOU:;bPo~IOUe;). ~ouv lOUe; EmTclqllollC; T11MEY, rtapao,-wrl, AcyeTaI OTOV eivul no).,u Tpu(pcp6, npl\! ~tnOUIInOUKIUOCI. 3) 0 or.vbpoA.ij3avo:;, 4) H piY(lV11. 5) 0 ';11I:poe,[luoOIIO<;, 6) A(pElovcl OTa ncolvu IICPll Tlle; Nat,ol) (Aclp60la. rIOAUxvl I( ,n,) o P(10IAIK6C;, 6) A(l\~(l\lilil:C; 11 yl..llKOlTopIXilil:C;. 11111)OlJP.:~, Eival X6pto X6p'Ea nou K680utI£ 'Ea 8ila01:apla 1:0Ue; ~IC~1&ya}.(1npaOlva qluA).,u, Eival ~1~6.VIO1(t)V OTlI!llTPIOK(0V Kal 1:a ilttlE «1:~ltlnl1:a» Kal TI)C,ltaT6.Tae, YlaTi QlUETaloc ulPOoviu Kal avan1UOO&Tal eu,-oAa, To ouUtyouv owv Eivat ItOAUTpuQlep6, AAAu Kal 0wv apxi~i:I va j3yei[,I:ITllv lOt,lavOia TOUTO JlU['CUOUV«T[,11I7tITO», 01 Ao.lllavioce; OTav j3paoTouv clVQI yA.UKCIEe"6XI OI.l(I)e, TOOOVOOTlIlC<;on(l)e;017tlKponoplxibCe, Kal Ta pA.a01Upio TOUe,. rrou a va(pepw napa K(ltCO, 7) nlKpOlTOI)IXios:C;1'1 n1KpOnOpIXfI (7tlKPCe,j3poilpee;), E(VUI ano TO KaAUTCpo x6p1a OT11Na~o IOl(liTEpa 1a 1[,III1tlT6. TOUe,.'Omv 01 ntKP01toplxioe<; T11VaVOI~Tjapxiaouv va pyal,OUv TI)V Tat,lav9ia lOUe;, 01 NU~IOI ~cxuvovTal ora XCt>pa(Pla Kal OUAA.EyOUV TIlV tpuepcp~ Tat,luvOio, nou ~avaj3Aao16.vEI Of. Alyl:<; JlCpCe;,IloUoi CPUTI:uouv7tIKponoplxib£<; 010 rrOT10n-


lOYI\lor

- renTEMBPlor

1991

I\ci TO\)<;yta vt: txouv olo TO Ka).,oKaipt rc T~LllrrlTCiTOU;. 'EXEt Ipti/.),U peYCIAa),iyo 111(..t/,LbWTCI. ·OTuvo.v9i(;_£tUIjIWV£Tatuno TO tb(J(po<; Kat Ton: (lu).),cyOVtat to. r~l~ITCLT(iTTl \; , Ilptv pyciA£t TU~tClv(:)(aScv 111vOlJA/-{:YOUV ouv 1topiXI or rr£pLooorcpOL, O~IW<;onv rroplXl v(loTl~li(;_£1TU CI;UfL rropiXlfL 8) KO\I/{iKla Ii KO\l/fL. Eivm xopro rrou EX£I TO.(PUA/,o.rou IllaAlbW1(l Kat 1'1'UUTOI,tY£l(J.1KOIVUKI. <l>U£TOIo 0111TT]Nri<;0. Tcopn f.X£1ll£lW(:)ci 11£pljlciVlOli TOUIlC 10U<;\iI£KaopouC; KClL ru TPCLKTEPrrou E~o.lpo.vi(;_ouvru xopra, 'EX£I ilia LOla(;_ou00. wpaio. ooun KfLl ~La(i us 6)),0. xopla £lVfLI (:)aupaolo, E111v apxli 111C; UVOI~Tle;~ya(;_£1Ta~tavflif..t rrou rn ~Ln(;_£uouv 1-1£ ro Xf.PIU (T(;_I~Lmlu)Kal TO.A£V£ KOIVorroplxa, l\ev I3pa~ovtal ~IOVf.L Eite ouv rropixta £ITe OC.(V t(;_Lllmto. yw rnv EV10V11IlUPWblU

TEYXOr 29

IOYl\lor

TEYXOr 29

TU, nou TU V001l1-l1[,£IKt OXI POVOu; tOU;. YnaPXOUV aljl80v£; OTOUC, Knu nour; KaL ru All3ciblU. AKO~111KUlpEOU orouc SpoIIOUe;.AV(:)(~£1TOVAnpil,11 I\al [3ya(eL Ilia copnio ta~lUv8ia Kal nOAl) nlouma.

I-IVOUc,010U<; 1,0cpOUe; K(II n£pl1uAioo£TCll o UUTOU;, on~e; TO (POOOAlaora KAUblU nou l3ul,ope. Lu)),eyouv r«; Tpucpep£<;KOPUljlE<;TOU ouroo. Eivrn VOOTl~LOtCI10Xopro KUI .nwl,£il~1 0KP1136.To I3pciL,oUV ~IOVOTOU.Mal,£(lovTae; 10 to Kavou.v P~100 KUI TO n(t)/,ouv. nOI..A.Ee;PPOVI£C,1l7tUPXOUV0111Movn, LI(PWvsc, An£ipuv80 Kal AlyOt£P£<; ora ciHu 1-I,£Pl1rnr; Nc:if,oll: 22) fUA,IlTCTiof.<;.nou nou ljll)eTUI oru; rpunar; TWVeoo KT~V u),Au xrn o r«; 0. Kpee;TWV xrnuri rrov, OKopll K(II oT,oUe;Spououc. AcyovtUI CTOIytaTi 0 xupo; TOUe,£iva,1 nUKvoPr.u.otO~ KUI ).,£UKOe;ou yo.AO. Eiv(II y AUKOXOPTO1-1£ cpunu. uc KpO?levn XPWp01O; AUXUVi. TpwYETUI Kat (tlP~. MLKPOI TIe;tporynI-If. WpE;. . . 23) AYlunroxol. XOPTO nOAu KU/.O KUI UY:£IVO.nou ouetal o OATIT1] No.~o. 'Exel tpUAAU(t)0£lbl1 nOAu npuotvc. 24) ·Hl1tpOI (It(f(>XOI (I;o;(oi). Tou<; A~PF.TJpEPOU<; .O~ UV~blaOToA~ pe TOU; nupuno.v(t), rrou OIU(ptpOuv OT? ljlU~ Wll . Twv ~Pf.p(llV Ta ljlUAAa eivUlPUKPla Kal IjI(1Al0WTa XPCt)J.lal0e; • •AU,(J)OT£ A • 1\ vl·a IIEoa OTa nOTlon«).,UXUVl». I'YfHVOUVO£ acpl10 .... A .. KU. 01 ~ox.oi f.iVUI nuvTou yvworoi KUI n(.l)AOUV1U1 ~TLe, UI· ayopee,. , . . . (.I)r K£e; YYIEIV01UtO XOPTO, on ~ unoo111PIL,OUVOL

- rEnTEMBPlor

1991

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IOYAIOr - rEnTEMBPlor

1991

cil,).f.<; lP(,)10Y[)Ulpif::;. Kpuroucc '1 aonapayyul XPOVIO xpcuuo~ltvll OTOUe;10ixouc; H,)V o xrnoiv. 'Iowe; l)ltUPXOUV aK6~Il Of. altiTlfL <107WpaYYlc:; OTOA.IO~It.Vr:e;~II:(P(JHOYPU!pl£e;. J5) Bo"-Ilul. 01 ~oApoi civu. YV(J)OTOl01OU<; reonoo:;. EiVII.I(f)tHO xou (PUE"Ca1oc nol.Au ~1t.PI] Tile; reCHploa:; ~ta<; Kal CXt:11hl.llI 0, OTO r.Oa<pO(, po),136, 0(IIUlpIK6 OCIV ~IKp6 Kpql~IUOI. TU (pl)A/.a t:lV(H emu ~ KTl KOI (lu/.a Komi un),(JJ~lCVU OTO corr(/lO<;. (l)ut:Tal ora xcpoa XIJ)pcuj)la. Me OKunuw::; rn j3yci~ouv K(1111U\;,I:UOUVTOU; Pl)j,Poue;, nou UtjlOVTOUe;Kaeapioouv (J no TIe; ),en,c.; piyt:.; lWU r.xouv OTO Ka HLl IICpOe; Kal K(HjlOUVH1 1!1tr.pyr.IU ~ICPTl,Ppul;,ouv nOAI; roue Iloi.poue; K(L( wj)ou llUY£Ij)WTOUV TOU:; l(a vouv ou AUru ~u: AaOI )\at (,UOI. Eivm VOOTtuoruror. Ilw).OtiVHlI OTtlV Ml~vo, on(J)e; f/f)OUllf., no),u CJI'·rl~(r. 1.T11No.~o unapxotlv O1U OPCIVUX(J)pla xrn OXI reoAAoi. 36) KoreuvuKw. [(VUI nou II!: (J.P)\CTeJ.IlEYa/.o. onfl(:)(J)1U np(iOlVCl Ipuna Kal KeJ.7t(J)e;oCJ.P)\·(J)OTl. t\cyovtUl F.Tm YI('ni 11 w(,lavOia 1OU<;~OIU[,f.l ~lf. «I,Oref).Vol>. 37) IIpoI30mi.xu(na. Eival noo l'f!l ~lOl(i[,EI noh) ~c TU UIJ~cJK1(Jnou Uvr.ljlEf)a. Ta <jJu),).(J TOUe;I'.lVfLlno}.u ll)a/.lo(JlTa. \ I()16~ouv PI: n.; npollciToet;, nou 00. m;plYPUljlW napul\u t'w. 38) nl:poIKoreMillpcl. nO(l Ill: ljIa}"owTeJ. q>u/.Aa. H OVO~l(I0t(J (lUT~ llnuf)xr.1 IIOVOOTTlVIloH1~ttu j\;ci~ou. 0, pAao,oi TOU X6PTOU OUTO!'lnf.f)IOciiU.OVTCUpI: nup6.cpuU.a nou ~IOlci\,ouv IIC HI nM)1(I Tile; nF.pol )\a.:;. NO~Lir,('l on civUt l'.il)oC; TOU 01UCPIAiII Iyy(l nOli nf)o(l vr.lpf.f)rL. .Ill) M 1fI;VI;T(11\1.Xt'lf)to nOl) tlll)I:TUl OtU nCOlvo. pEpq ,qe; N()~olJ (1IoUxv!. t\clj)c'11hn K.ci.). Moui.(,cl AlYo ~lf.ne; IlCLVWIJ' Ailk" (/A,AcitX,tl ),CltT()Tr.PCt OL)VOCIUIpu/.Au nou ClXIwaTi~ouv nIH,'vli KOlll1. 'A'(VWOTO 'Xop,o owuc; nol.Aou:;. 40) AlljlOflt(Jiol:C;. 1100 ~.lr.~1f."(H.(t onpKolOTl no/.u npri.Olva IPUI.A.anOD fl1t"ri)vOVHlI OTO f:OU<jJOC;. 01 1,0pou,oiOet; I:XOuV (Juni TIl" OVOlwoiu I'.nw5iJ TU (PV).i..C)TOUe;l'.iv(LIoav lenpoi (nCl.XU XOlpIVO). OplOllEVOI Or.v TIC;O(ir,ouv I\UOOAOU010. nopixtU.

nEPlrPACDH TnN ArPlnN (AYTOCDynN)XOPTnN nov rlNONTAI rlAXNIETA I. n IHlII{H(nc;: 01 npol3<i ((Jr.e; cival n6a. (l)ulnUt KcneL ou(mioee; oc blciqlopa Il£P11 111e;Nci~ou (t\I'.I~[Lbl(i, m,ciKa, Au)..6, IloAlxvI). 01 op~:lvoi )\(lTOIKOI Ttle; Nu~ou bEV yv(.)pi~ouv (JllTll TO X6p10. Anf.VnVTiue; 01 Tpuyatun:e;, Alpaoilt:e; TO (Jr.(!lPOI'lVTO KUAVTI:PO YIUXVIOTOXOPTO TOU Tonou Ilae;. To ~tU· Yf.lPI:UOUVIIOVO TOl! ti Ilr. Kf)f.OC;«XOIj)IVt) )\(H lle 130.)\ctlao». 01 nf)ollc1TOI:C;CLvat c(,0.11)r.1I)\6 XOpTO. H noa o.UT~ tXCI pi(,ce; .(.OVTp(;e;,oXf.Mv ~U}'WOCIe;I\at CPVCTUl~1r.XPIHIV ci~IIlO HIe; 00Auooue;. T(J unEpycw ~Lf.f)llnle; rlYflivouv TO cp61vonwpo ClHlV IlpC~I;I, (J!.A.a Kal ~16vo ~tC TO Of)Oor.pO I\mpo p).ualavt:l. To IlllJAAfIHIe; civUt reoAI) IIlUI.IOc!)Til K((I (J7tA(llVOUV(ITO tou<poe;. t\f:V jlY(Jivl:l Ill(t-~llCLGreWe;unu X()PTU CLna nonte; ~l(1~i (m6 TllV i~l(J ri~CJ.. ro X£IIHI)VUne; nYu~ouv pl: TO ~LOXftlPI II XF.lflO· npiovo, ne; )\aO(Lpi~ouv I\at TIe; II (lyr.lf)F.liouv. To)pa T£AI;\)1Oio 1t1lYwvouv ~ICO)\UnciVEe; I\al Tie; ~!;PIr,(j)Vouv. <I)Opa~IUI It(J)e; 01: "iy« XPOVIU Oa E~aq>o.Vl(lTOUVuno TO Vl10i. ·AA/.OTE tpyalV()V )\()l OT!) KTt'wo.,a nou )\aAJ",u:pYOUVH.lVTWf)n OllWe; ~It: TO.TPOKTr.p )\Ul ,(1 <jJUTocpap~laKO CXOUVr.l;uljlUVl08d un6 Ta K,iJllUHI ()lnrl. rllV avoI{'l] (lyci~r.1 TClSlUvOia ~H:(tlf)aio Il(LlP at'wOno (/vOoe;. r (} av<hl TTle;npoj3ciToot; cival T(J <Wllflf)aVTfJ». 1(1 TC).t;\)'wiu Xf)OVlU nu)I.O\)VTfll OTI.I (LvOon(J)"da Tnc; AOllvoe; «ail (I pu VTO,» i)twpopI')V Xf)(J)It.ftThlV. A VOOmiJAl]e; ThlV AOll VtllV

30

NA:=IAKA

TEYXOr 29 )\(,lTaYOIl&VOs uno TTj N<il;o 1l0U &inl'. OTI sivrn TU I.ou),ouota. Ttle; npopa,oac;, nou OTI1V ITa).La ru I-.:ai.f.1EPYOUVouv KoA· ).(.)1tlOT\k:Ct (punl K(Ll W:TUCPl:pOTl)\av l(II'.O(!). Tn )_1:\11:Ctllci.pavru YluTi Of. uupuivovrru Kalola,11Poliv rnv o~OpCj)t(l TOUe;r.OTW IWI {,cpci. n f)OpCnOE; (PUOVTCll01: olcitpopu llEPll Tile; A TTl)\~e; (al:pObpOlllO K.U) 1-.:0.1Of. npKETa vncid TWV KUK),aO(J)V (1Iapo K.6.) nHa noD ..oi S£ yv(t)pi~ouv TO XOPTO aUTO ~ OCVOU\'11Ehoav vu TO TPWyOUV. 2. A-{PIO(JI;IPIIUKj.U: AUTOq>U~OCtjlOUK/.o.(OEOKOUAO). l:.i\'m OPOIU ~Ie TO OEOI\Ou).a (o rn NaC,o OE<jJouKi.a) xoo KO/,AIl:Pyouv OlOUe; )\-TJnou;. II OtrLlj)opa TOI)':;civet OTt f.XOUV~1I)\pon:p(J <pU).)..(l Kat n y&VOn roue; I.iyo 1tl)\plci. :'vIE tu Of.q>OUKAOouv 13aOlKO XOPTO k:aVOU\I {'If. no/,).a X(J1P1(1TTJe;:--Ia!;OUTI<;«OCCPOU1\A.(,>n:e;), OTl/.o.oij xopT6mTTC<; 0'11 OlapK&la TTl<;[apaKOOT~e;. Tl; (H:(POUKAWTEe;ne; AF.VI:)\al «~lnOupEK<'lKlQ». nuxvir,OUV or.(POUKAU, UYPLaVlea, I-.:auKuAiOrl:e;, l.unaOu, Ko.AOOTp6q>lo., lipr.po [iVleO, XAwpn KpqllwoaKla, avoiyouv l,Ullapl KOI yl;~i~ou\' TO aVOly~Evo tpli).Ao (,UIlUPIOUIlE Ta YIXVIOllf.VOxop· Ta. 1-:0TOm V TO \jill \lOUVoro cpoupvo ti TO Tnya vit,ouv. n pona ~II; uy(,)via nEpl~f.vUPf. TO npOJTO ruPl3o.TO Tn.; rap(LI;ooTij~ Kat TllV h:uPluKll TIl:; opeooo~iue; yla va q>allE OI'.(pOUKAWrCe;, uo,r.pa ano TTJVnl'.vO~II(;PTl )\al uno Aaol \'110T£ia TWV 7tPO)TO)\1IWEPWV ,Tj<; [upaKOOTtle;· 3. AYPl(lvIOa: 1o xopw auto OI'.VEX&I l(ap~lIa OXf.1J11Ill: to KCl.I.AIf.f)YOUIlf.VO 6vlf)O, ~16vo Aiyo Ilol6~ouv TU cpuUo TOUe;. ByuivCl ulp8ovo Of. OAII f11 N<i~o TO XCIIIUWCl.To Yluxvil,oUV Yla TI<;0f.lPOU1",(J),(:e; ltO\> rt Vi:lpr.f)CL 4. KOIIT(JOIlVilOI:e;:EivOt 11ncmaf)ouva o,av Eival TPUq>EJ)(:~ (ll11tiKWV 11pOI6:;). EivUl napa reoAU YV(J)oro 10 X6PTO aIJT<) (1no HI\' ]{ureo.f)OUVUTOU. Eival )\UI \,1~avlO TUlVrtypc.ilV. 10 13ya~ouv TPIJqlCf)O Kal ,0 yl(1xvi~ouv yw TTJv naf)aol-.:f.uli rwv OEtjlOUKACJHWV.[e IIEplKn XWf)lci nOt> Kavouv TO o.pvi TOU nciOla napaYI'.IlIOTO, f3u~ouv OTO yElllOllo. I\al KOUTOouvcioc.:;. .Ali.ol TIe; pa(,ouv 1\(11 am nopixlU. 'I:XEI ~lIa IOlUiTf.PTl yev011. r.v cmoKlticral \'(1 nr.plr.XI:1 1-.:0.1E}.ciXtOTI1 nOo(ITIITC) onio!). S. AfmCtOa: Eivat 1\(Ll nllTri nor;e;, <PUOVTUInovTOu OTn Nu~o KUl 10ICLiTEpn ora uypci ~t:f)II. ·E:.xouv llEyaAu <puAla KILl yr;uOlI tJn6~uV11. Ta Ylaxvi~ouv Yla TIt; OC!pOUKI.(J)TEC;.nOAAoi Or.v Ta xpnOt~oreolOliv KaOoAou. (I. KUUKUi.Hlpl::; KClIKft),()(JrJlOl/Jlu: Aura TU nopixla TO.KOVOUV KUl YWXVlOTa ~IC TO naf)anav(JJ xopTa nou avctjlcpa. 7. ::::uviOpl::;: I-:iVOInoe:;. (J>uovTal navTovoTll Nci~o o.Hu 01 ncpIOOOTI'.POI Of.\' TI(; TP<;)Youv. LUVTIOi(,ouv OTa XWPIU Tl]~ 1puyaiu<;, OTUVPpcir,ouv all n,;!.olIHioOAO va f3aC,ouvlltoa I;u· vHlpee; )\01 Aa1tafla. fivovtUI ,6TC TO q><:tOO).,UI\IUncipa no>.v VOOTl~IU, cncloij l(U1 01 {,uviOpr.e; k:UI {(l AanOeU CXouv un6~uvtl YCll011 Kat Hi voonll i~OlJv. EACiXtOTOI qmuxvouv aUT6 TO (/)()YIITO.

TEYXOr 29

lOYAlor - rEnTEMBPIOr 1991

Tal I\upiw; Of. uypa llCPTl. Tov f.,p(J)yav, YloTi «opo OI'.VTOV U\'a~nTouv, (1)110~Ir.C).ICe;IbluiTl'.pa TIl [apflKOOTl;. Eivm neoixou iOlo III'. TOV KaHII'.PYoUPcvo KUpoa~lO. 3. Kapofllw(JtAI\'O '1 O'cllvuKI. Flou nou <PUETUIouv~6we; ~ur,i llC TOV uypW)\UPc'iflIlO. MOl(i~el ue TO Of-AIVOaUa EX&\ U}.)dl Yf.U011Kat HI q>UAAo.rou elva I npccivoxirprvo. To CTP(J)yav us IJlw~1i1\1EAlt:; KUI TO sxcvuv Ko.l oa),am. 01 ncprcooTePOI OI'.VTO yV(J)ri~ou\' OIITE Kal 10 TPWyOUV. ~. Aypu'npuCTU. AYV(1)01O OTOUe;no),;"OIie; 10pTO. Morn~f.1 ~C TO O)\OPOO )\al TO rprovouv 0001 TO yV(J)pi~ouv, ~f. r«; C"IC:;. 101(1iT£PU TOq>U,O aUTO unap),:el OC atpSovio o rnv KpnTIl xm TO TPOr(OUV nupu nol..u. [nl :--Ici~o onuvisl'.l. i\lou 10 EO£I!;UV OTOV IlapaTpf.xo (ronoucoto £c,(J) uno TIl Xcopu). 5. Ko.nnnp11. Y)'((iPXCl II YV(J)OT~Kurenapl1 aUTOqlU~; o rn v1loioa «no.pOt:vu» unEvavn OTI1 rvltl\p~ BiYA(I, iow; Kat O· uUa llEP'1 Tile; NU~oll. Eivo.l UKPIP(;)t; lOW ~tI: T'1" ~~I:PIl l(6nnuPTl. 6. POKCl. To Y\·(tJOTOaUTO XOpTO nou KOAAICPYf.iTUIl}yuiVEl Kat flUTOlPU1:<;01: OPIOllEVU lltpIl TIle; :--10.1;011.Iit0TCuw on npoEPXUClI uno TO onEPllam Tilt; rilll'.plle; pOKae;. 7. rouAlu", (Hmpui.i,uYKU;;. LTI1\' AncipavOo TU TpWYOUV Wila. 8. A\'TptiKi.u 1'1uVTpuKl..io(l11 un).u, cro.l{LTu. EiVUt avOlSIUTlI\O XOpTO. XPCIU~CTUI ~Eonl yw va tjlUTPWOEI )\0.1 \'a aV(.I1tTUXO£i, YI' (LlJH) IJ7tapxel O},O TO Ka ).oKuipI KUl 10 cp61vonwpo ~H:XPI VCL )'(IrIOCl KPUO 0,0 nOTlOTlKU, nOIJ noU.a I\UplO)J:KTIl\a YI:~i~ouv uno TO<jJUTOUUTO. YnOf)XCI OTF.VOtpU)..1.'1 Kat n},aTo(pUAAll (.lV,pUKAU. H nAanlq>uAAll tivUl AIyooni II OTcv6cpuU11 aq>Oovci. Tpu<jJCP1111110VOT(l tpUAI..UW Kcivouv aUAo.Ta ~Ie Idiol Kal 1;601. 9. Au90ilplU. I:ioos uYPlOapul\a. Byaiv!:1 om l\aUKUpU OE Olcitjlopa ~tep'1 T'l<; Na~ou. Tp(ilyeHu on(J)e; 01..0101 o.paKaoee;. n PIV uno 1POVIO t(l nUlOl(l YUPIr,UV TCl llcrll reou U/Ttif)XE TO\' ~tCl~£Uav YCJti~ovTOe; TI; TOI:nCe; TOUe;Kal l\aTont\' TOV Erpwyav OIYO OIy(1.

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10YI\IOr - rEnTEMBPIOr

1991

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1991

VEl cin.ous rj npt7rcl va ~f.A£n10£1 nOAU OKO~ll; opO~oo~WV. oruv f.ival, npo noUou, YVWOTOOTt aUTO:; B. 01 9£ow; nou AOIl!}civw o rn ~CAtT11~OU, DCVeinuorcruvs TOV op90001;0 EVCOnruv nrciKTOp(1~ rtl" p' l: . , .., .., val 9cow; 1l0VOnAwpe<;, oe\l ncplOpir,oVTal o11"aoTi 110W~l1e;o~ om TETanlEV11VanoaToAll OTOVEAA.llVIKOxcilvo OTOUe;KaOo).IKOU<;,01((0c, cmOIWKel vo suecvicst 0 po (€IOnll011011o rnv op96oo~ll Icpapxia "at Olci(3p(l)oTi ouvcpyciTll<; one, aAA' uvmpspovrm xrn OTOUe,op9000Tll:; c~ TWVtow, ouuecovn IlE OXeolu tile; nponayQvoae,. ~OU<;Kat sivot, pcioel ucpropuov aPXEI01(WVTC1nWV (Yla PA.. LI~OU MtAT. 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Utp' 10tOPllOT) TC£piobO ouoico-nxc bev uqiio rrrrrn. Kula rnv Tpiru nepioSo 01 epeuvrrrcc cvcespovrm OTOI)e, a Ko),ou90uc, CTCIOKonoue,: ApcfJue" M a T8aioc" M T)TPO<P6.VllC,Kal 0f.wvnc,. 0 lEAwwioc, OICtEAtO£ nupovac,iae, uno 10 1537 (oro T~A.OC,bTl"aoi! t1'1c, m:plobou) EWe, ro 1559. NIna to 8avuto TOU KutcUX91'1 OTn 'lopcia rrov Ayiwv Kal £Opt6.~£Tal TT)V4n ATCPIA.iou. To XPovla rnr; apXl£paTcluc, tOU Ayiou 0cwva uTCnpc,av 1tp6.y~aTl yoVIlla. l lpsnsr vn TCOI)~£on Ot Everoi OOUK£e" av Kat CtXETE),f.tWO£lll £V£TOKPfltLU, 81£tllPi!OIlKav '(l)ltIKa Il£XPI TO 1566, 'lwpie, tpuolKa vc £'louv bIOIKlltlKEC, £~ouoi£e,. 'Opl(,av OIlWe, TO f.1I;yaAulcpo Kat KUAUTCPO ~IEPOC,me; YTJc,. 0 'AyLOe, 0Ewvae" TCOUunnpf,E fJappaAtoc, tspripXT)c" Ilr. aVOptollO Kat ncponoic 1'lYri811Kcsncvucrdos(I)::; UTC£PT(lW KaTa8uvaoTEuofl£VWV ovoorrov, yla va )TaUnelll auOaipETll KaToxri TT)e,YT)e,Kat TWV npoiovrrov IT)C,. i:c tYKUPO KaTaAoyo TCOUauvtTuc,£ 0 atb£OI~(,i)tutoc, TCatnp Efl~. P£~ouvooc" C(PT)~t{:plOe,tWV KafJoAIKwv N6.c,ou, n£ptAallPavovTal Ta ovollaTa tWV /\ClTivwv Ap'llCTClOKOTCWV Naf,ou 'TllC,ncpl080u aUTrie,. fla t1'1 <1>payKOKpatia Kat TOupKOKpaTia OTT) NaC,o TCOAUTl~EC, nAnro(popi£c, OtEOWoav TPEIC,ac,IOAOYOl InCTouITEe, ~Ovaxoi. np6K£I'TUI Yla TOUe; POPf.PTO LW(,t, <l>paYKioKo TaplYlov Kal lyvaTlo t\iXTAf.. H TETAPTH nEt-IOAOI: (1537-1821) ap'liL,Cl ilL: TT)VKaT6.A1'1Ij/1'1t(J)V VT)OIWVaTCO wv Xui'ptvTiv Mnup~nupoCTCTu. H op8000C,11 M1'\tponoAn EnavlopucTal K{lt, onwc, nu).,alon:pu, avuKT6. TtlV E;UPXi(.t OA.OKAnpOUTOU Alyuiou n£A.ayol)e,. 01 El£p08pT)OKOI TOUPKOl a(pT)oClv cAcuSEPll KUI apiao'TT) Til 8pT)OKEUTlKl1 ~OUAI101l Kal 8laTllPT)Oav KUt 1'0 fJ£OJlO TIlC,1bIOKTT)oiuc,. AUTl11l 'laAaponlta O<jlCIAoTav pEpata OTO bIUXWPlo~lo tOue" AOYW8aA.aoaae" an6 TT)VT)TC&IPWTIKl1 xwpa Kal OTll a Klci)OIl olOi KT)Oll ano oAlyaplOllouC, ToupKoue,. MCTa to 1537 1'1MT)TpOnOA1'1 napova~iuc, bUllPE81l KC O£ t:KKAT)CTWattKu T~TIf,1aT(1ano TO.oTCoia TO Ka8tva Ei'lf. TCVW).lIlTlKa TCpOi'OTu~IEVOUe,OtptpIKIOU'lOUe, KAT)PIKOUe,TIle;,np0mlc, TCEvraOac, (Mtyae, OIKOVOIlOe" Mcyac, UK£A.AUPIOC"M£yuc, LKcuotpUA.ac" XapTOCpIJA.UC, ·Kat Ea K£Uiou). H Nac,oe, ton: d'lc 8Ialp£8£i OTa £c,ne, £KKAT)OIaOTlK6. 't~lri~IU1U: 1) TT)c, TCOACWC, Nac,iac" 2) To TWV nCplXWpWV (m;olvri N6.~oc,), 3) To TIle, TpuJlat.iac, (Tpuyaia), 4) To TWV Nou~£pwv '1 Avou).ltpwv (KopwVoe,) Kal 5) To 111e, /\nf.lpaveou. H napoe, dxc r.TCioT)e; I) Tile, llupolKiac" 2) Tou KctpaA.ou (M6.pmooa), 3) TT)c, Ayouolle, (Naouou) KUI 4) Twv /\WK0lV. Kata olaowfl£VTU nivaKa tou 1754, 01T) Xwpa t1'1c,Naf,ou unl1P'lav TC£VTC0PliCT Kf.UTIKCC,KOtVOTT)Tf.C;:a) 3016 Op(loboF,OI, P) 324 K(100A.1Koi ).1£ 14 IEp£ie;, y) 283 lapalll.hcc; JlC 3 puPiVOuc" 0) 22 Ap~{;vIOIIlf. Eva I£pta Kal £) 16 TOUPKOt xwpie, lepta. Ano to 1770 wc, TO 1774 Tel vllata yvwplOav '11 PWcrtKi! KaToz'l· 0 PWOlKOe, OtOAOC, KaT£A.alk Ta v1'\Ola. 01 UPXIEpEie, T(I)V KUI\Aaowv cl;,ttppaouv TOTCTO o~ pao~(o (/UTWV Kal TOUnOl).lviou twv OTT)VAUToKpaTElpil AtKcm:pLVll Kat tic, PWOtKf.e, uPXce, KaTOxne,. D.cv tOE -

TEYXOr 29

IOYAIOt - rEnTEMBPIOr

1991

C;UVOJlW<;Kat avrioTOIXll ouunepieopd 01 OJlOOOC,OIPee- YO~Oc, TOUe,. ETo NSO~UTO /\axoB6.Pll otptCPWVCI TO BI001. Ltll pWOIKn ap~cibu £ntpulvc TOT£ Kat smcxorroc B)do TOU0 K. Ka~TCav£),A.llC, (<<Tw AOloif.tw MlJTponoAiOVOllal,OJlCvoc, A VUT<)AIOC;.AUTO::;uno TnV 1010Tllta TOU n1, napovac,iac, ,Nco<pu'tw /\axoB<.iPI1 HI) BUl,av'tiw, AP'ltcpCWc; rlle, ap~aoac, Kat ETClrT)p1FOu TlIC, EKKAI1- Kt,LtOPL TOI) ICp?u MllTPOTCOAtTIKOU Ncou Tile; no/,f.(ue; otut; £K uepoi«; tllC; «yaAl1voT6.Tlle, ).lEy6.),I1e, poolAioNa~ou, Aetspourm»). 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Euxva YIO TIlV CTCIAO- 11n~povaSta uTCopll3al,ETOI oe E7tlCTKon~. B<ioci TOUnayn OTO CTCIOKO)1lKOuc,iwlla bEY A.u~IPaVoTUv lJnO~ll1 11 panu~w npwToK6Ai..ou 01 ETClaKoncc, rou N0f.lOU KUKAanaloEia TOU U)TOlj/lllpiou aAAa 11)TOA.!>JlI KIi lOU opaoTllowv a[)XlOUV va KatapyoUVtal, w0uc, I!ETa to flavuro pIOtT)Ta. n PWTO::;0 IWCTil<PAo;ac" TCOUnpocopi Ka apT(I)Vn?ljl£Vapx,{i.>v autwv Kal va un6.yovTal OlOtKTI,(IK<l 'lIEP6. rcuot otT) llapovuF,ia KUTa TO J 661-62, OUOTT)Oe or~ Nea M'lT~On(lA~ KuKA.aowv, nou £ixc topu TIl\' EpElblKO OXOAtlO, TO «lej)aTtKO" <J>povnCTnlPlOv» YI oTll ).lOU7tOA~. 0PWXl1Pwoae, Opovoc, uTCnpc,E0 Ilarovac,ioc; 1l0ptpwol1 TOU KAnpOI). r£vlK6. O~!Wc;b£v euooKill110av Jl£ TO OUV~tO TOI) ra~p~~). !:\JA.IPOUTO 1893. (KoTa T1'1V TCapOJlOICe, npooTCa8F.IEe, LbPUO£(I)C,OXOAWV. MtxPI TIe, apx~epat£lu TOU rU~pITlA OT11v TI;vo BptSIl KC (1823) 11 ap'lte, TOU 180u ulwva UTCnpxav 150 IEpEie, or1'\v napoEIKova tT)~ EUUYY~AIOTPlac, Kat KaTa t1'1VuPXIEpan:ia va!;ia. H TCUIOWTlK~OT<iOIIT)TOUKAnpou PCA.TlwfJllKecTCi TOU onl Nac,o, PPCOll K£ 11 £1 KO\la nlc, ApYOI\OIAlwnoI'if.CHpUt()\) Auxopap'l (1780 - 1811) A.oyw TCEPIOPIO).lOU oue; (I~33». Me TO ~6~o 1:' TOtl 182511 MT)TponoA.Il OaTWVXl::IPOTOVI(i.>V Kal eTCIA.oyric,~lOptpWlltvwv OtEA.E'lWV. POVa~tCle; avaa.UOTl1011K£ Kat aTC£TCA£O£aUl0VOflT) EmKuni TT)VD.' nepl080 CIPXlcparcuoav ac,lo),oyol KA.llPI- aK~7tll, OTO OpOVOtile; onoiae, C1vnA.O£'TOte 0 napOtvLOC, KOt. Avall£oa o'aurouc, ncptA.a~pciV€TUL Kal 0 'AVSL~OC, AKU).,UC;.nou KOtaYOTav aTCO'to M£yaAOXWpt T1'1<;0nBUpblie, (aTCo TIl\l KpnT1'\) otOV oTCoio uTCnpc,E ypall~lupa~. M£ ~KT£AtOnKO 81atanw T1le, 11-7-185611 N6.c,oe, rEae, 0 NI KOAUO:; "aHlpOUpTl,11C, (1770-75), Jlr.tCTCf.ITU OPIl,£TUI Eopa "1le, EmoKomie, na(lovo~iae,. M£Ta TO .A ywC; NI KM)llflOC; 0 AylOpeITI1e,. Ac,loJl VllllovWtT) KU- OaV~TO TOU napOc~iou (I ~76), ETCioKonoc, napova~iae, Ta TT)VltI:piooo al)Tn elval KOI 11011'£ia TOI) Nr.O(PUTOU £KAf.YI:TUI.0 r,>1IYOplOC; IIUKOUflT1C; (1882-1910), atpou t\axopapil (1780 - 1811), 0 oTCoioe, KUTayoTav cmo TllV TCpOT]YOU~.cvwc"Kat £ni £~I XpOVt.a, £iXE XI1PEUO£10 OpoKwvoTavTlvouTCOAT). KAaOOe, tile, Otl\OytvEIUC, TOUCYKa- Vo~. Tov rp1'1:0P'0 ?IUOtXOI1KE (jle tva KCVOXI1PEi.ac,TOU Opovou YIU 01)0 XPovla) 0 apXtf.wvOpitTJe, If.p6ar.oC; OuTaoTaOllKc OTll BAaxia Kat CKpouf.!aviofJllKC. 0 Nco(pup(lal\f.\J6nouAoc;. EbW TCPETC£I va TCOUJlf.on ~IC /11<lTUYTO':;, r:nHI XPOVIU Ilcn} tllV aqa!;ll TOUotT] Na~o 011\086~la ,TOU1900. EKT~C;twv A61Wwv (ApXl£niCJI<.'Onoc,), OAOI ).l1l0l: 1'0 M11TponOAtnK() Nae rllC, Zwo80xou nIlYl;C, olll X(i)pa. (Tu CYKaivlci TOI) tytvav TO 17R7). 0 iOIOc, WTU- 01 OA.AOIapXl£pCIC, 'tou Kpa'tOI)c, tA.al3av tov titAO tou 'lIlaC vu CXEI ouv£pyan:e, ac,loJ..oyoue, J..OYlOue,1\01 KAI1- M11TPOTCOAilll, cvw npOT)YOUjltvwc, £KUA.OUVtO ETCioKOTCOI.'ETOI T)EmoK01t11 Oapovac,iac, UIjIW8nKE as MT)Tp6PIKOUC,onwe, TOVX piJCTaVOOAl!w)"o (a5r.A<pO TO\) Ayiou 0 Xf.po\J~r.i~ Koa,.la). Al;,i~f.1 r.ow vel uva<pcpOU~I: on, KaTa TO KUAO- nOAll· To 1935, TOV l£pofJw ota8t'l£tal 'Avvlvoc; Kat TOU'TOV0 Af.'PpOcrtoc; AVTwvonouAoC; (To Kni,)1 nou ntpcun;, r.mCTKt<p()11KUV Tll NtiE,o an6yovOI tile, J 946). Meta TOV S6.vaTo tou A~IPpooiou a10 ~l1tponoOIKOytvClUe, t\axopapll TCOUl,ouv OT11l:ouTJc5ia, n.pocp~ XOJlEVOt UTCO TT] POUltavia. To npool\UVlllla UUTO, aTC AtTlKO fJpovo n upovac,(ac, eKAtYSTOI (1960) 0 Enl<pclVtOc; KClA.u<PaTllC;·To 1967, 11£ £IOliY1lo11 TOI)cmtpa viou, TO 01, ,Tl tpaivcTal, fJa tXCI Kal WEPYElIl\a anoTEAEollata KOUllEVIKO natptuPXEio, 11£ TCpac,11TOU, KU1IhuC,E OTll <Hllv cvioXUotl tilt; npooTCa8clac, Yla T1lv CTClOK£UllTOU ~1'POTCOA.ltlI\OU vuou, TCOI) olKoMpl1oC 0 c1tLtpaV11c,TCpO- xopLia TWVAyiwv TOV 'Omov ApO'cvlO\' tT)e, ncipou. ME "-

NA=IAKA 43


10VI\I0r

- rEnTEMBPIOr

rsvxor

1991

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29

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pav aTllxOOe; TO CPCt}TSIVOV xrn f.UKAEte; TOU 1l0VaXlKOU l3iou napE/.06v. To nAEiOTu tWV npoavacpEpOtvT(I)\lIlOvo ornouov KaTo."':EIV'tCl1 i]oll s«; cpcimo. lll::ival tplllla ~IOVax(i>V». Eivm npo.Yllan AUnllPO vu j3A£nouIlE (1)IlEpn xn rnppsovru OPIOptVo. uno rn xrioucrc Tlle; XplOTlaVIKi]e; !lUe; )..aTpEiae;, EiTE 1l0VaoT1)plO sivm aUTO.errs unounxpc E~WKKl1)ola. EU't'uxOOe; OIlWe; nouOE:Vcl;tAInE KeieE El.nioa. Yno.PXouv I3tl3ala ueuovroucvec nepi1nOOoEI<; 10lW1OOV xm ronucrov OUAAOYlKOOVeopeoiv. LllllaVllKCi OIlWe;, KUI us E1tlOTll~LOVIK1)w9uVT], npor; TOV rouse 111<;anoKaTo.OtaOlle;, xrveirrn 0 LU/,Aoyoe; <t>iAWV T(I)VEKK/dl01aOTlKOOv MVllllEi(l)v tlle; No.~ou «0 <l>WTOOOtl]C;». Ilpoxzrrm yla 1110.E1ta.tVETT)KiVT]OT]O~IOAOYWV ov8pwn(J)v (apxatoA6ywv, aPXITl:K'rovwv K.A.n.) rrou IlE yvci)OEle; KOI ~U::po.KIcPyo.t,ovTal aV10lOn:AOO<;yla rnv arroxcruo r con TIle; Af.l'tOUPY1KOTlltae; T(I)VXPIO'tlaVIKOOv "':TlOIl0.1WV.

10VI\I0r

- rEnTEMBPIOr

1991

BI8i110napOUGIGlGEIC; IAKOBOI

EMM. KAMnANEAAHI

01 KATATOY! lIT' KAlil' AIONAl AIATEAEIANTEI npOEAPOI THI tEPA! MHTPOnOAEflI nAPONAEIAI

A ya mrroi ouunur OIOOTEe;, ~16.Pooa Ill::f.l/.tKpIVee; EVOlacpcpov TO 13113AioTOU K. KallnovtlJ,ll. Kat TO eella lOU IlE npOOelAKUOE Kat TO. 000. Kal.o. tX(l) o.KOUOEI Yla TO osu VO ounpucpca Ilf: nnPf.KiVllOQV npot; TOUTO. 'Huouv I::K tWV nporeptov 13£PatOe; yto. TO reaIOCU'tlKO an01tAEO~ta coro rn IlEAttll TOU tpyOU. ~I::V OlaIjJEUOOllKa. unEvavTlae; I3Y1)Ka nEplOOOtEPO EVlOXUIlCVOC;xrn uvlluppuuevoc. Ooornopcovrnc; us EPCUVll'tl KO !lei Tl OTOV sue yell Xf.l~!OOVU1'(I)VOEAiowv TOU TOIlOU, noAA.a Kat (l)cpCAllla uv8oAOYlloa. QC; £KnatOW'tlKOC;, ~Ir.rnv £VVOlUTOUnsi bIOUOK6~IEVOUeivTAlloa ~011 «Ub(J)P SWV» uno to (ppr.ap aUTO Tlle; unEu8uVT]e; f.pyaolac;, E),nit,w, cvnmrrol cpiAOI, vel yiVETE xrn oa«; KOIvcovoi rrnpououov E~l1tCIPlciJV,OTUV Ol0130:0CTI::TO I3lpAio. 00 K/,f.iow u tva nnocnuouc TOU Ir.puu Xpu('Jo(JT6J.1ou, rrou npOt{L('JCT£10 K. K(1~t1tuvi:l.llC; ('JTllY £PY(l<Jlfl TOU: TOLOUTOVtX,EI IltYE80e; 11 EKKAlloia. nO/,EIlOu~ltvll VIKo.. Eml3ouAeoo~ltVT] nl::plyiyvcTal. V!3PISOIlt.VT], AapnpoTepa Ko8ioTClTOI. ..

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«01 KATA TOYE lET' KUt IZ' AlfiNAE AIATEAEEANTEE npOEAPOI TH1: IEPAE MHTPOnOAE!U: nAPO~A:::IAl:» IUKOO!30Ut~I~1. Ka~l1tavtn'l. 'EKOOO1'] 1991, oEAioce; 106. H £pyaoia aUTi] 6nwe; OIlIlI::IOOVf.1 Kal 0 ouyypacptae; owv np6Aoyo, .. «OK07tOV tXE:1TTlVEnlollllavOIv Kal npoPOA~ TOU Of.OIlOt) TWV «E~o:pxwv Kal «npotopu)V» LIe; Olo.cpOpOUe;CIl7tEPlOTcl'tOUC; EnlOKoreoc; i] IlIlTpOnOAEle;, KUpi(l)e; t1']e; Vll01(I)TlK~e; EAAO:OOC;»... H EKOOOIl aUTi] oc ouvouao~l() 11£autllv Tile; O.NA.L nou avacpepETUI mo novw, !lac; oivouv ilia nAi]Pll EIKOa. Tlle; £KKAIlOlaOTlKT]C; IOTopiae; TOU vIla IOU pae;.

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1991

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Ναξιακά  

Έτος 7, τεύχος 29, Ιούλιος - Σεπτέμβριος 1991

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