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B82172 Course in English 1st Faculty of Medicine Charles University

COSMETOLOGY APPLIANCES FOR REGENERATION AND AESTHETIC MEDICINE 2 Doc. MUDr. Leoš Středa, Ph.D. .


2. CHRONOBIOLOGY AND ITS IMPORTANCE FOR THE REGENERATION METHODS AND CATEGORIES


CHRONOBIOLOGY science that examines periodic (cyclic) phenomena in living organisms - biological rhythms (biorhytms)  several body functions (e.g. hormonal activity, changing of urinal ion concentration) oscillates  endogenous rhythmicity can be congenital, but is synchronized by environment (during day time changes etc - e.g. during short-term human isolation from the outdoortime, day rhytmicity is 25 hours, but during long-term isolation it leads to desync and sleep-wake period lasts 30 hours; body temperature period lasts 25 hours) 


AMPLITUDE AND PERIOD t-Vo  To 

rhytm amplitude rhytm period


RHYTMS ACCORDING TO PERIOD ultradian: less than 20 hrs (heart activity with period 1 s, 6 s breathing cycle, 90 minutes REM cycle)  cirkadian: between 20 and 28 hrs (sleep-wake cycles, body temperature cycles, cycles of physical and mental performance) 

diurnal describes organisms active during daytime  nocturnal describes organisms active in the night  crepuscular – animals primarily active during the dawn and dusk hours (e.g. some bats) 

infradian: more than 28 hrs (human menstrual cycle, annual birds migration)


PEDAGOGIC METHODS IN REGENERATION closely related to the process of physical education (sports) pedagogy. It includes:  Training methodology  Training optimization of macro- and microcycles The training cycle is closed during training process, which includes one or more training tasks. Each subsequent cycle is a partial repetition of the previous cycle (macro- 2-6 months, microcycles 2-10 days)  Physiological cycles (biorhythms) feedback These cycles must be in accordance with biorhytms.


PSYCHOLOGICAL METHODS often linked to physical education (sports):  Incentives (=motivation elements, eg. Athletic performance vs. necessity of relaxation or ending the sports career among university students due to the study related frustration)  Interpersonal relations (partners’ and coaches’ influence, team sports)  Psychological guidance - ability to relax (selftraining, time management, dealing with emotinal stress etc.)


HEALTHCARE AND MEDICAL METHODS Rational nutrition (rehydratation, remineralisation)  Physical devices (hydrotherapy, mechanotherapy including massage, sauna, electro procedures, compensatory exercises, non-competetive and relaxing sports, spa recondition, recreation in coastal and alpine areas)  Pharmacological devices (individual and controlled use of drugs, such as treatment of sleep disorders, anti-depressants…also phytotherapy =medicinal use of plants – till now just empirical) 


REGENERATION IN SPORT Restitutional - recovery after a hard single performance, an early stage is soothing, subsequent phase stimulating  Regulatory - after multiple performances during the preparation or racing phase during annual training macro cycles, focuses on relaxing or toning  Adaptive - adjusts athlete´s psycho-somatic condition before or during the match or competition, may focus on stimulating or calming effect 

Cosmetology. Appliances for Regeneration and Aesthetic Medicine. 2 Chronobiology  

Subject for medicine students. Lecture by Ass. Prof. Dr. Leoš Středa, M.D., Ph.D. 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University Prague, Czech...

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