Omer Karoum: PORTFOLIO
ÂŠ 2013 Omer Karoum
Samples of academic and professional work
ACADEMIC WORK / Master of sustainable urban design / Lunds Universitet / Sweden/ 2010-2012
List of courses and sample work: Thesis Project: Spring 2012 Paving the way for Change: Environment as a shaper of society Khartoum/Sudan Sustainable Urabn Dynamics - Autumn 2011 Design studio project : Bridging The Gap Beijing / China Sustainable Urban Landscape â€“ Spring 2011 Design studio project: BrunnshĂśg , the future city node Lund / Sweden Lund/Sweden
Paving the way for change-Environment as a shaper of society - Khartoum/ Sudan Thesis Project / Master of sustainable urban design / Lund University / Lund / Sweden The urban planning patterns of metropolitan Khartoum have caused imminent environmental challenges; desertification, floods, dust storms and sanitation and waste management problems. Moreover, the county’s recent integration into the petro-countries circle has generated a two-tier process: the city has become a new target for foreign investors, Khartoum like other cities in the developing world, is under the same conflict of priorities; stereotypical image of modernity and wealth versus environment and sustainability. Over time, fast urbanization has resulted in many spatial and environmental problems, consequently affecting the quality of life. Spatially: unbalanced distribution of services, land use patterns and barriers have resulted in creating a pattern of movement characterized by • • •
Long travel distances, Congestion Dependence on private means of transport.
Spatial development strategy: Releasing the pressure on the current CBD, by developing new centres within proximity. in the other cities (Omdurman and Khartoum north) Developing sub-centers in each city to support the main centres.in order to distribute functions, and to reduce travel distances and the need for vehicles. Introducing a system of public transport to connect centres and sub-centers as shown in the diagram.
Environmentally: Increasing dependence on • Natural reserves • Waste management problems • Vulnerability to climate change.
The green strategy is develop three distinct green identities for the three cities.Seasonal streams in Omdurman are to be developed as major green corridors.
Economically: Increasing burden to provide basic infrastructure, resulting in high cost of services. On the neighborhood scale, planning policies have resulted in a urban environment characterized by
While new development areas in Khartoum are to be developed with major green parks to introduce the concept of green points. Finally, emphasize the agricultural identity of Khartoum north.
• • •
Finally, connecting the different green points and corridor with a secondary green network.
Discouraging and harsh outdoor conditions, Isolation Introverted social life.
Project Approach: •
Comprehensive spatial and environmental development strategies, derived from Khartoum 2033 plan.
Looking at positive examples in the city, inspire a sustainable urban life that encourages participation and interaction and enriches people’s life and experiences.
Accordingly develop an urban setting that is sensible to the different environmental elements (sun, wind, green, storm water)
Project site: A new international airport is currently being built 40 Km south of Omdurman to replace the current airport in Khartoum as Sudan’s main airport; the current airport site in the heart of the city will become open to many scenarios of development. Hence, it is chosen as the project site in order to propose a new development master plan, presenting newways, new life, new possibilities for Khartoum urban setting.
PROPOSED BUILDING TYPOLOGY DEVELOPMENT:
ECO-CORRIDOR PUBLIC SPACE
WASTE WATER RE-USE STRATEGY Based on the studies conducted, it is calculated that a typical Sudanese house hold of 6 consumes an average of 3 m3 per day through out the year. Monitoring showed that 40% of the waste generated by a single house hold is black water (toilets), while 60% is gray water from kitchens, laundry, bathing and other domestic activities like
cleaning. The number of residential units is estimated to be 43670 units varying between apartments, villas and townhouse. Re-use potential of treated waste water. can be summerized in recreational use, toilet flushing, irrigation.
Bridging The Gap - Beijing / China
Design Studio Project / Sustainable Urban Dynamics / SUDes / Lund University / Lund / Sweden
In a global city, the urban fabric resembles a patchwork, each piece of it is different, but important to create a harmonious urban life. The site location within Beijing active city center creates conflict between two different currents. On the one hand, the area enjoys great connections supported by existing and planned infrastructure, which makes it a vital front for future economical development. But on the other hand the bigger part of the area is under cultural and heritage protection. This conflict of interest is manifested in many parts of the site as a gap, a void in the patchwork between two mono-functional layers, one is solely residential and the other is solely administrative. This gap is clearly noticed in the sharp shifts of scale, isolation, density issues to say the least. The projects main approach is to benefit from this gap and voids to create a bridge between the old urban fabric and the new development, a new layer of mixed-used functions and activities to connect the two isolated layers to complete
the siteâ€™s patchwork. The strategy to achieve this bridging is by; firstly, reclaiming the main street and that is by densification along the street with large scale building of mixed-used (commercial+ offices+ residential), in order to activate the street live. Secondly, densification of the neglected areas of the site with medium-scale mixed-use buildings (commercial + residential) to provide more housing and function that would enrich the urban life. Other strategies are also considered to tackle issues such as the sharp shifts of scale in the site, and that is by using building typologies inspired by the terrace-farming concept, this method breaks down the continuity of the buildings regardless of their scale and creates smooth transition between small and large scale buildings on the site. As well as provide the possibility to introduce more green surfaces to be invested for water filtration and farming.
Reclaim the street, with large scale mixed-use buildings
Current urban situation
Fill the voids, with medium scale commercial/ residential buildings Accessibility
View of main street
View of main street
View of neighborhood
Lund NE – Brunnshög: the future cit
Sustainable Urban Landscape / SUDes / Lund University / Lu
Lund is a continuously growing city, a center of science and research, and the home of Sweden’s most prestigious educational institutions Lund University. However, over time, Lund has almost exhausted its expansion limits to the south “Malmö” and west. That left the city with only two directions to grow “north and east”. And over the last decades the city has been expanding as layers around the old city center. Moreover, Lund over the next 40 years will be the home for MAX4 and ESS, which will be located on Lund NE. Therefore, a fast paced growth in population and services is anticipated in the city in general and in Lund NE in particular. This growth however, will consume vital agricultural land. All eyes are on Brunnshög . it is the first front of expansion. How can this area be developed in a way to make the most use of land while maintaining the spirit of green lund. The main features of the master plan could be su marized in the following points; The landuse and functional layout concept of the master plan, is to concentrate the commercial services and businesses along the infrastructure “roads” with focus on locating the public buildings on infrastructure nodes and intersections for a better and more convenient accessibility, while con-
centrating the r parts, closer to ness and nature cess, which ser ability, firefightin street with very breakers for the especially from wind blows in w feature of the m belts creep into green fingers, w residential build bourhood stree ogy “row house “extensions of th “block house” t interior life, that ed. Furthermore in each island t use by the resi and to save the area. And last b agricultural land to develop the a and green terrac environment is the footprint offe
und / Sweden
residential area to the internal the green belts to enjoy quiete, and to provide limited car acrves in case of emergency “disng, ambulance”. Also lining the y close buildings to act as wind e neighbourhoods behind them, m the west where the strongest winter. Moreover, an important master plan is to let the green theresidential areas in a form of which are gardens between the dings, and activating the neighet life by using a housing typoles” with shared open gardens he green belt”, and avoiding the typology which creates a more t would leave the streets deserte, providing car-parking houses to encourage and facilitate their idents and visitors of the area, e space used by parking in the but not least, redistribution of the d which is compromised in order area, by providing roof gardens ces by using the soil where built to be constructed according to ered on the master plan.
SAMPLES OF PROFESSIONAL WORK/ Abu Dhabi- UAE/ 2003-2010
In the next section some of the work I have desigen in Abu Dhabi - United Arab Emirates, in the period between 2004 and 2010. The work exhibited varies between mixedused commercial/residential buildings, high-rise, and single family houses and residential compounds. All projects are of a private nature, I designed when I worked for Al Mashreq Engineering Consultants, and appointed as design architect of these projects. Also , all projects concepts follow the building codes and regulations required by Abu Dhabi Municipality.
Ground Floor Plan
Commercial Building for Mr. Sayah Al Qubaisi
Abu Dhabi Island, sector : E 16/02 - Plot no. C26 - ABU DHABI -UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
An eleven stories mixed-use building, with commerical activities on the ground floor, offices on the mezannine floor and nine typical floors of 2BR aparatments vary in area and layout. A total 5218 m2 built-up area (plot area = 374.2 m2). The roof floor is reserved for mechanical facilities such as central AC chiilers, as well as a 4BR penthouse with its private roof terrace. in addtion to a 915 m2 underground parking in the basement floor. Aluminium and glazing is used to create a minimal facade that is easy to maintain on the long run.
Residential Villas for Mr. Khalifa Al Suwaidi
Abu Dhabi Island, sector : E 23 - Plot no. C6 - ABU DHABI - UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
The project is three attached residential townhouses units. Each townhouse is three floors. The ground floor is a reception area, as well as a family living area, and also includes an open kitchen. The first floor contains 3 bedrooms, each bedroom is provided with its own en-suit and built-in closets. Moreover,the staircase goes up to the roof, where the air-condition units and water tanks will be installed. The elevation concept is designed to create a simple and modern form, with strong emphasis to each mass created by using projections, different colors, and plaster texture.
Ground Floor Plan
First Floor Plan
Roof Floor Plan
Ground Floor Plan
First Floor Plan
The project is a residential compound of six villas; every two villas are attached into one building unit. The units are to be constructed on a 200 x 200 ft plot, and are distributed in a U-shape layout with a single gate to control entry and exit from the compound. Each villa is split onto 3 floors. The ground floor is reserved as a reception area and family living area, in addition to kitchen and maid. The first floor consists of 4 bedrooms, each bedroom is provided with its own en-suit. And the second floor includes a small TV Den as well as a 5th bedroom and en-suit.
Residential Compound for Mr. Afeef Al Maskari
Khalifa city B, sector :MFW 2 - Plot no. 14 - ABU DHABI -UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Roof Floor Plan
Commercial Building for Mr. Saee Abu Dhabi Island, sector : E 23 - Plot no. C6 A six stories mixed-use building, with commerical activities on the ground floor, offices on the mezannine floor and four typical floors of 2BR aparatments. A total 2837 m2 built-up area (plot area = 418 m2). The roof floor is reserved for mechanical facilities such as central AC chiilers. Aluminium and glazing is used to create a minimal facade that is easy to maintain on the long run.
Basement Floor Plan
ed Al Humairi
ABU DHABI -UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Ground Floor Plan
3 Villas for Mr. Afeef Al Maskari
Khalifa city A, sector :SE 1 - Plot no. 33 - ABU DHABI -UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Villa for Heirs of Mr.Abdul Rahim Al Harmoudi
Abu Dhabi Island- sector E19_2- Plot no. 108_110 - ABU DHABI -UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Villa for Mr. Hafiz Al Maskari
Khalifa city B, sector :MFW 2 - Plot no. 27 - ABU DHABI -UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Commercial Building for Mr. Mo
Mohamed Bin Zayed City, sector : E 9 - Plot no. C4
An eleven stories mixed-use
activities on the ground floor, o
and tree different typical floors
aparatments vary in area and la
area (plot area = 734 m2). The roof
facilities such as central AC ch
is used to create a minimal faca the long run.
ohammed Al Mansori
44 - ABU DHABI -UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
e building, with commerical
offices on the mezannine floor
s layout of 3BR,2BR and 1BR
ayout. A total 10086 m2 built-up
f floor is reserved for mechanical
1st-3rd Typical Floor Plan
4th-6th Typical Floor Plan
7th-9th Typical Floor Plan
hiilers. Aluminium and glazing
ade that is easy to maintain on
SAMPLES OF PROFESSIONAL WORK/ KHARTOUM- SUDAN/ 2000-2003
In the next section some of the work I have desigen in Khartoum- Sudan, in the period between 2000 and 2003. The work exhibited varies between mixed-used commercial/residential buildings, high-rise, and single family houses and residential compounds. All projects are of a private nature, I designed when I worked at TEKO (formerly AYOUB Consulting Group), and Awtad Consultancy
In order to create a building that is more integrated with its surroundings - which are small scale residential neighborhoods - the design concept avoids creating the typical bulky and massive structure, which this type of buildings is famous for, and that is by splitting the building mass into two long masses and cre-
ate a two-attached-buildings illusion externally, while forming one big shopping space internally. Moreover, curtain-walls are used to allow visual interaction with the surroundings for activities that such as food-courts or fashion displays.
Hyber Market (Concept)
Obeid Khatim Street- Khartoum -Sudan
SITE 180 X110 m2
The concept of the building mass is to cre shape tower, and to use the remaining area to create a public plaza, that would be shad office tower building, this will provide an o for outdoor cafes for visitors of the Ministry and Mining or passers by, especially in the a The faรงade concept aspire to provide vie surrounding through wide glazed windows, out compromising indoor comfort or incre need for air-conditioning , and that is by us nies as sun-breakers.
Saba Tower (Office Building Concept) Khartoum -Sudan
eate an â€œLâ€? of the site ded by the opportunity of Energy afternoon. ews of the , but witheasing the sing balco-
Mixed-use development consists of a commercial podium building and two residential towers. The ground floor of the podium building is reserved for commercial activity, while the upper floors are to be leased out as office spaces. The podium roof is used as an open space features playgrounds (basketball fields and tennis courts..etc) for the residents. The residential towers feature different types of apartment vary in area and facilities. However the six top floors feature penthouses. Each apartment is provided with balconies to provide shade and also as extension for the internal space.
Al Salam Towers (Mixed-use Concept) 60 Street- Al Manshiah- Khartoum -Sudan
SITE 170 X 70 m2
Al Riyadh, Mashtal Street- Khartoum -Sudan
Al Riyadh, Mashtal Street- Khartoum -Sudan
Design philosophy: All urban entities, be it a small house, a block, a neighborhood or a city, are like the human body. Every new addition or alteration to this body should be compatible with its tissue/organism; otherwise the body will reject it.