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2013

Investigation OBESITY OLA OYENUGA

JBS | Science


The Problem Obesity and overweight over the last few years have become a global issue, more and more people all around the world are becoming Obese which is affecting both the Economy and health facilities because of funding for research and treatments. In most cases Obesity itself isn't the problem but the diseases caused by it.

What is Obesity? Obesity is a condition/ dietary disease where the individual is extremely overweight. It is mostly caused by eating excessively and consuming high amounts of energy but not burning it off, the surplus energy is stored as fat resulting in composition of unwanted fat. When there is excess fat it is distributed all over the body which after some time results in Obesity. Obesity itself isn't as much of a threat but the implications and health issues it causes make it very dangerous, an obese individual is at risk of contacting diseases such as: 

Coronary heart disease

Type 2 diabetes

Cancers

Hypertension

In most cases victims are killed by these diseases. (news-medical), (NHS) (strong4life)

What’s going on? Percent of Obese Adults

40 35 30 25

USA Japan

20

Chile

15

Scotland

10 5 0 1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

(BBC)


If Obesity continues to rise at this rate by 2015

2.3 Billion

For the past few years Obesity has increased dramatically. Almost 50% percent of populations are Obese or Over weight. Fortunately scientists are trying determinately to solve this problem, and have come up with a list of ways to prevent and reduce obesity rates:

Follow a healthy eating plan, make healthy food choices. Keep yours and your family's calorie needs in mind and balance energy IN & energy OUT.

Watch the portion size of your fast food intake and frequency of eating at restaurants. Children portions should be smaller than adult portions.

Be active and be involved in exercise, make time for family, have activities that everyone will enjoy. It could be a brisk walk, biking, walks and runs etc.

Reduce screen time; manage use of computers, TV's and video games (Electronics limit the time of physical exercise). (NHLB)

Solution The solution I am focusing on is reducing usage of electronics, which have become a major part of daily life and is involved in most of the "activities" we have. I think social networks and online gaming have become almost essential part of mostly teenage life and it doesn't get better. At work and in school we use electronics regularly, and I think reducing the use of these will make a big difference.

Advantages I think one of the advantage to this solution is that if it (the solution) can be advertised and made more public the reduction in usage of electronics can not only reduce the amount of obesity but can also indirectly prevent other diseases like cancer, Enlarged heart, type II diabetes etc. Some advantages this solution has over the others is that unlike reducing fast food intake and having more physical activities(which are still good) this solution helps other matters like reducing energy usage.

Limitations There are two major limitations to this solution: (Bill nye, Exercising) 

In this day and age the usage of electric appliances like phones, laptops, iPod and TV's and as the years pass more and more work places and schools require computers and other electrical facilities to accomplish tasks.

Today children of 3 years and up already have mobiles, Tablets, and laptops. When these children grow up they form the habit of using these items and grow to ignore the need to minimize the usage of these items.


Implications of the solution The solution can and will affect the economy simply because if more and more people become aware of this solution, the demand for these tools will become lower which will reduce both the production rate and the selling rate and in a chain reaction will affect the electronic economy. Reducing the usage of electronic media can affect the social life of individuals in the way that, individuals might feel odd because they are not up to date with info on the events and news going on around them. The solution might also affect education (not school). Much or arguably most info can be gotten from the web even if not essential it helps to balance fun and health.

Bibliography BBC. BBC. ninth March 2013 <news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7151813.stw>. news-medical. News medical. ninth March 2013 <www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Obesity.aspx>. NHLB, NHI. NHI gov. 10th March 2013 <www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/prevention.html>. NHS. NHS. 10 March 2013 <www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Obesity/Pgaes/Causes.aspx>. strong4life. strong4life. 11 March 2013 <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tK57ieGhE7w&list=PL3DD0352AC8D5D397>.



Obesity