summer quarter 2010
A CHAT WITH THE
translated from parseltongue
WHAT YOU DIDN’T KNOW ABOUT
PARKOUR (starting with what it is)
HOW TO RUN A
HUNTINGTON BALLPARK CLINTONVILLE AND EBOOK REVOLUTION
the empress of ice cream
ORGANIC COLUMBUS PP. 18-21
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Close Up: Ohio Stadium Jack Miller captures the enduring glory and grandeur of an empty Ohio Stadium.
The Handbook: How to Run a 5K Cassie Bogdan’s stride-by-stride guide reveals the best way to prepare for yet another campus fundraising run.
The Afterlife: Work is Where the Heart is Ohio State graduate Rob Nicholson is proudly leading the charge for change in the MR/DD care industry.
Verbatim: Snake Whisperer Kristin Stanford The self-titled “Snake Lady” of the Lake Erie Islands Kristin Stanford talks about saving her favorite species.
Tech Book The e-book revolution is just getting started. Now it’s up to professors, students and booksellers to prepare for this new chapter in the history of technology.
Seeds of Wisdom Local community gardening initiatives are sowing the seeds for a brighter, greener and healthier future for all of their Columbus neighbors.
Orgonomics The Columbus culinary scene is proving that organic entrees are no fresh fare fad; in fact, the market is just as sustainable as the food it sells. ology 2010 summer quarter
from the editor
table of contents
FOOD FOR THOUGHT PHOTO BRYAN KELLING
Behind every thoughtful spoonful of Jeni’s ice cream is a story. In Ology staff writer Jeneane Dunlap’s profile on the master ice cream maker herself, Jeni Britton Bauer remembers how she stumbled upon the first of her signature flavors back in 1995 (p. 22). Experimenting in her kitchen with a tonguetingling combination of cayenne essential oil and chocolate ice cream, Bauer churned her first batch of Queen City Cayenne as an art student at Ohio State. Bauer shares similar tales of inspiration and ingenuity behind some of her lovingly handcrafted confections, like Rhubarb Rose, Cherry Lambic and Black Walnut Divinity, on her blog saltycaramel.com. For Bauer, her eponymous ice cream isn’t just a waffle cone of Salty Caramel; it’s her imagination in action, the manifestation of a conscious, creative, very personal act. It’s certainly something worth savoring and scraping the bottom of a bowl for, but it’s something worth thinking about, too. Bauer, like the other Columbus foodies you’ll meet in some of the ensuing 39 pages, challenges us to put our minds where our mouths are and see more in our food than what’s on our plates. Take April Calkovsky, a community gardener for the University Area Enrichment Association, who has seen how accessible and inexpensive fresh fruits and vegetables can alleviate adverse, povertyinduced health effects (p. 20), or Jennie Scheinbach, owner of Pattycake Bakery, whose protein-packed, vegan, organic pastries are nutritious alternatives to their chemically compounded counterparts (p. 18). Of course, there’s Bauer, whose imaginative concoctions reflect her commitment to the local farmers who stock her bakeshop with the freshest, most flavorful creams and produce from around the state. Statistics show that one percent of Ohio-grown foods are consumed in Ohio and one in three American children are expected to develop diabetes. Armed with shovels, ovens and spoons, people like Calkovsky, Scheinbach and Bauer are fighting to change those numbers and prove that our consumption doesn’t have to be so mindless. Behind every piece of food we eat is a story--one that’s full of social, political, economic, nutritional and environmental implications--and as responsible consumers, we can choose to heed these stories and share them for a greener, healthier and more palatable future.
Hear Them Roar The feminists of Ohio State’s Women and Allies Rising in Resistance stand up against rape culture, sexual assault and bad “hetero-normative” jokes. Now Excepting Applications For job-searching international students, cultural and language barriers can derail career ambitions. Words Apart Two organizations’ distinct ideologies on autism spectrum disorders have fueled a divisive debate on how we ought to think and talk about people on the autism spectrum.
Street Wise: Clintonville Marc Rostan reviews some of the best in dining, shopping and entertainment that this colorful, just-northof-campus community has to offer. . Review: Rooting for the Home Team Grant Freking journals his first game in the grand slammin’ new home of the Columbus Clippers.
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Parkour Exposed Freerunning. Traceuring. L’art du déplacement. No matter what you call it, Columbus’s Parkour Horizons debunks the myths before you can jump to conclusions.
Master of Confection “Empress of Ice Cream” Jeni Britton Bauer translates her artistic sensibilities into her frozen delicacies.
Tell it Slant: Wane Poetic Who killed the “Poet Superstar?” Columnist Matt Myers theorizes as to why we’ve become a dead poets society.
DEANNA PAN, EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF ART DIRECTOR BUSINESS MANAGER
Deanna Pan Katie Everson Matt Myers
Trisha Patel Grant Freking Rachel Dinan
Cassie Bogdan Jeneane Dunlap Bryn Laubacher Marc Rostan Jennifer Nelson Lindsay Nelson Josh Peltier
STAFF GRAPHIC DESIGNERS
Shannon Brewer Gina Michael Wendy Qi
Matt Carissimi Jenny Halsey Kaitlin Holloway Alex Kotran Jack Miller
Dr. John Moe
Ben Crist Rohan Kusre
Ology magazine is completely student-generated through the efforts of New Century Media. Staff editors control and edit all content, and will publish only legally protected speech in adherence with the legal definitions of libel, obscenity and invasions of privacy. The publication’s material may not always reflect the views of The Ohio State University. The magazine’s purpose is to inform, inspire and entertain the Ohio State and Columbus community.
RANT, RAVE & REVIEW As an open forum for all of its readers, Ology encourages letters to the editor. Each letter must be signed and include the phone number of its submitter. Email your letter to ologymagazine@ gmail.com or mail to: Ology magazine c/o Deanna Pan 222 West Lane Avenue, Apartment 810 Columbus, Ohio 43201
Visit us online at ologymagazine.org.ohio-state.edu
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CLOSE UP OHIO STADIUM PHOTO JACK MILLER
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ology 2010 summer quarter
exposition provide proper support or cushioning and will absolutely lead to injuries,” says Samantha Stakel, an experienced runner who is a freshman at The Ohio State University, and employed with Buck-I-Robics as a fitness instructor. “Replace the shoes after 300-350 miles or when you begin to experience discomfort.” Besides the shoes, it doesn’t matter what you wear, as long as you are comfortable. “Before you leave your house [for your run], jog around in what you plan on wearing during the race to ensure that it is comfortable,” says Stakel.
Carbs Before, Proteins After Your diet can have a profound impact on your workout. Before a run, carbohydraterich food will benefit you the most. “No one would want something with a lot of protein in it; it’ll take longer to digest,“ says Digeronimo. “Give yourself three hours before your run to digest your meal, and make sure you’re eating something you can digest easily, like oatmeal, a bagel or something with good carbohydrates that will provide energy.” After your workout, eat protein-rich foods like low-fat dairy, raw almonds or fish. This will give your body the nutrients it needs to repair itself before the next workout. “There is a 30-minute window of recovery after you exercise where you would want to consume a 3:1 ratio of protein to carbohydrate,” says DiGeronimo. While following these guidelines, it is important to find what works for you. Stakel personally likes to eat a cup of watermelon before running. “It is good to experiment during your training for that perfect pre-5k meal,” says Stakel. However, although experimentation is allowed, it is important to aim for healthy foods
HOW TO RUN A 5K
Y STORY CASSIE BOGDAN
PHOTO ILLUSTRATIONS BRYAN KELLING
LAYOUT KATIE EVERSON
You’ve seen them. Characterized by sneakers, athletic clothing and sweaty bodies. They cross your line of vision with a focused and intent expression on their faces. Sometimes you notice them. Sometimes they just seem like part of the scenery. But as the weather warms up and the world ventures from out of the Ohio winter spell, their numbers are increasing. These creatures are a special breed of human known as “the runner.” Perhaps you consider them your fellow brothers and sisters in the pursuit of another mile or another burst of endorphins. But there are many who count them as crazy strangers. If you belong to this latter group and have ever wished to try and join the ranks of the runners, keep reading, because this is for you. The world of running is wide open for newcomers and will welcome you with open arms. “Running is something that anyone can pick up with training,” says Michelle DiGeronimo, a graduate student in the Ohio State University’s exercise science program. For your own personal fitness, maybe your goal is to finish a mile, or to finish a marathon. But if you are somewhere in between, a 5k is a great place to start. ‘Tis the season for these 3.11 mile races, and they are a great outlet for runners at any level. Even if you have never even laced up a pair of running shoes, these tips will see you proudly to the finish line. The Shoe Must Fit Speaking of shoes, this is where to start. Running doesn’t require much equipment, but making sure to get good shoes is vital. “Get running shoes that are not meant for long-distance running don’t
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Running a 5k is a great goal for new runners as long as it is done safely and with smart training. The reward for finishing is worth the sweat spent in the process. and to include fruits and veggies in your diet. “You can’t exercise your way out of a bad diet,” says DiGeronimo.
Water Over Gatorade Hydration is key when performing physical activity. Strive for clear-colored urine, and remember to drink before and after your run, especially on hot days. Try buying a water bottle and keeping it with you at all times. “Always carry a water bottle,” says Stakel. “[You should] feel naked without it.” When it comes to sports drinks such as Gatorade, while they will hydrate you more than water, they are not necessary for 5k runners. “Depletion really only happens after an hour, and if you are running [a 5k], you are going to be done in less than that,” says DiGeronimo. Start Small It is important to train smart when striving for a goal such as finishing a 5k. “Training smart means having an organized plan. Plan ahead when you need to start and what you need to do in order to reach that end goal,” says DiGeronimo. “Don’t go out and run three miles if you’ve never done that before in your life.” The president of The Ohio State University’s Running Club, Emily Blake, encourages new runners to ease into longer distances. “It is fine to do a run-walk when you are starting out,” says Blake. “Try walking for five minutes and running for two minutes and gradually decrease the time that you are walking.” If you need a break, try cross training, and make sure to include recovery days. “The recovery days are really important because that is when fitness happens. It’s when your body is going to adapt to the stimulus you gave it during exercise,” says DiGeronimo. She has seen people try for too much too fast, usually hurting themselves in the process. “People think that if they’re not doing something then they’re not progressing toward achieving their goal,” says DiGeronimo. “It’s a hard concept for many new or even
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exposition experienced people to get – that they really need those recovery days.” Train to Avoid Pain Nobody wants to suffer from injuries. To prevent them, try to strength train at least two times a week. “You’re training your muscles and your connective tissue (ligaments and tendons),” says DiGeronimo. “Most of the injuries that we see from endurance sports are connective tissue injuries.” Remember to warm-up before exercising. Do a brisk walk or light jogging for a few minutes before beginning. Although stretching is key for keeping your muscles flexible and preventing injuries like shin splints, don’t spend time stretching beforehand. “There is more evidence that stretching before hurts you more. Your muscles are cold, so it’s like pulling a rubber band that doesn’t want to be pulled,” says DiGeronimo. “We encourage a functional warmup to get yourself going, do your workout, and stretch afterwards.” Shin splints are a common injury among runners, even experienced ones. If you do get shin splints, it is not the end of the world. To treat, stretch and ice as much as possible. “Shin splints are when the muscles that run along the anterior part of your leg start to separate from the
bone in the front of your leg. So, do exercises for that muscle,” says DiGeronimo. “Pull your toe back towards your shin, release, and repeat. You can do this anywhere, like in class, or you can use a rubber band to get more resistance”. Remember to listen to your body. If you are experiencing real pain, stop and seek treatment. “If you’re experiencing pain that is more than fatigue and more than just ‘I don’t want to do this anymore,’ you should go to the doctor,” says DiGeronimo. Blake stresses the importance of paying attention to discomfort and how real injuries are not something to push through. “If your body feels wrong, stop and get it checked out. It is important to be dedicated, but not so much that you kill yourself”. Rest to Be at Your Best Finally, there is race day. Make sure that you have practiced what you will eat and do the day of the race. Know your eating and drinking patterns beforehand so that you don’t have to experiment before the race. “Come race day, you should never do something you haven’t done in your training,” says DiGeronimo. Make sure your body is rested and ready to go. “Take one or two days off before race day,” advises Stakel. Get lots of sleep the night before and remember to hydrate. However, you should stop drinking about an hour before the race. “Excess water will slow you down,” says Stakel. On race day, be careful not to try to start with a pace you won’t be able to keep up with. “Don’t start off too fast when you hear the gun,” says Stakel. “It’s best to try and gradually pick up speed.” Main Objective: Fun Running a 5k is a great goal for new runners, as long as it is done safely and with smart training. The reward for finishing the race is worth the sweat in the process. “It hurts, but push through the pain because it is worth it in the end,” says Blake. ”Running is one of those things- you get to the starting line and you think, ‘Why am I doing this?’ And then you finish and you want to do it again,” says DiGeronimo. Don’t worry about how fast you are. The 5k is for you to have fun and challenge yourself. “Whether you walk through it, walk/run through it, or run your fastest time, when you’re out there it’s you against yourself,” says DiGeronimo. If you need a support system, check out the Running Club at Ohio State. “Come on out,” says Blake. “We’ll take you, whatever shape you are in. Whatever you are looking for from running, we will help you find it.” You too can proudly wear running shoes and a brow of sweat. Train smart, eat well and discover the thrill of finishing a 5k. Who knows, perhaps you will find yourself addicted to the repetitive beat of shoes hitting the ground.
ology 2010 summer quarter
ology 2010 summer quarter
HEART For 2009 Ohio State graduate Rob Nicholson, mixing business with compassion has turned out to be quite a sweet deal. His bubbling-over enthusiasm for helping adults with developmental disabilities is as contagious as it is inspiring. STORY RACHEL DINAN LAYOUT DEANNA PAN he’s blind and she’s deaf. How am I supposed to interact with her? What do you want me to do? The employee was clearly confused. “She still has three other senses that are working,” her boss explains. “She can still touch you, she can still taste things, and she can still smell things. And those skills are probably stronger than you even realize. She’d probably love Braille books, different scents and different flavors. You’d be surprised at what she is interested in and what she can do if you stop focusing on her disabilities and focus on her abilities.” Rob Nicholson’s words reflect both his lifelong passion and priority: since he graduated from Ohio State in 2009, the former Business Builders Club president has dedicated his life to creating a place that offers a comfortable and accepting atmosphere for adults with developmental disabilities. This family-inherited interest has not only led to Rob’s involvement in founding and establishing two businesses in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disability (MR/DD) care, but has also sparked a fervor in him to change the industry forever. From a young age, Rob exhibited characteristics that made it very apparent to family and friends as to what he was going to become when he got older. “We always knew he was going to be a businessman,” recalls Rob’s mother, Brenda Nicholson. “When he was four years old, we called him ‘the banker’ because he would loan his allowance out to his brothers and he kept a book with tallies to see who owed him what. I think he might have even charged interest!” Since it is fair to assume that most four-year-old children do not have an accurate understanding of interest rates, Brenda attributes part of Rob’s drive to the way in which he was raised. For instance, all six of her children were responsible for completing their own paper route in order to “instill in them how important it is to be on time and pay your bills.” The Nicholson family also enjoyed sitting around and discussing topics that were not likely present at most other families’ dinner tables. “We would sit around and come up with different ideas for businesses,” says Brenda with a laugh. “We would try to think of different things we could invent because it was fun for us. I think
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we were kind of a weird family.” offers a variety of opportunities for adults of all functioning However, business was not the only topic of discussion within levels for about six hours a day. For instance, clients may choose the walls of the Nicholson household. Growing up in a family to play on the Wii, go swimming, read some books, or complete who owned a nursing home, Brenda found a sense of comfort various jobs for pay. and meaning in “helping and doing for other people,” especially “Some of our clients drive to work everyday. Some of our those with disabilities. With this compassion and drive, Brenda clients are on feeding tubes the entire day,” says Rob. “We cover came up with the idea of founding her own business in MR/DD the entire service spectrum of taking care of developmentally care. Immediately, Rob recognized this as a prime opportunity disabled adults.” to get involved in doing what he loves. Those clients who are classified as being “higher-functioning” “Rob told me he wanted to help, so he came up with the are presented the opportunity to participate in work at the business plan,” Brenda says. “The bank said it was the best and center. Some of the different jobs they perform are shredding most professional business plan they have ever gotten. And Rob papers, crafting ingredient jars for cookies and working on the was only 18 years old at the time.” assembly line to print tee shirts. The business that they started, Better Living Now, opened its “I’m a runner, which means I load tee shirts onto a tray and doors in 1999 with five clients and continues to offer residential take it to other people to fold,” explains Dwayne Japuncha, a services for adults with disabilities. client at The Nicholson Center since January. “I learned that “I tell people I’m kind of like a wife because I cook dinner working is what I like to do. I love it here. And I really like when for them, make sure they have clean clothes and take their we get to play around with the boss! He jokes around with us a medications. [I also] take them to the doctor and make sure they lot.” are having fun,” says Brenda. Creating such a light-hearted, comfortable environment However, after two years of running the business together, for adults with disabilities was one of Rob’s main reasons for Brenda was forced to take a opening his center in the first break after being diagnosed place. with breast cancer. During this “The Nicholson Center is time, Brenda felt more than a place for clients who are comfortable about letting Rob interested in a less industrial, take over the company until less noisy environment,” says she was feeling well enough Rob. “I had a client who started to take back the reigns again in January who hadn’t talked in 2006. Brenda had made in three years and it took him it a point to inculcate in her three months at my facility to family the value of helping be talking to all of the staff in other people. sentences and paragraphs. For “I tried to teach my family him it was comfort and now he that it is important to make is opening up and is a totally time for others who don’t have different person.” what we have. I’ve learned and Because of success stories tried to teach them that we like this, The Nicholson Center are so blessed to be normal,” opened up a second facility in explains Brenda. “After Rob Rob Nicholson (third from right) prepares to cut the ceremonial ribbon April located in Niles, Ohio. learned to drive when he was for the opening of The Nicholson Center for adults with developmental “I’m growing my company, 16 years old, he was taking disabilities in Warren, Ohio. which is fun,” says Rob with a clients out to play tennis. We PHOTO PROVIDED BY ROB NICHOLSON smile. “I’m looking at different were their family for them.” communities that are outside Rob’s experience in helping to establish and manage Better of my own community and am hopefully going to open facilities Living Now provided him with insight into the industry of there. I am trying to open up experiences for people with developmental disabilities. This knowledge aided and inspired disabilities because they need advocates to fight for them and Rob to start drawing up his own business plan to open a different to get opportunities for them. We are trying to inform people facility for adults with developmental disabilities. about what people with disabilities can do instead of focusing “I put the program together on weekends, while I was in on what they can’t.” school [at Ohio State],” says Rob. “It wasn’t easy, but I love the Among Rob’s list of ideas for new facilities is a place for challenges that come with starting my own business. It’s a social children with disabilities, as well as his newest project, The enterprise, so it’s a company that helps to make peoples’ lives Wooden Nickel, which is a root beer bar for adults with better while still running a business at the same time.” developmental disabilities. This company, The Nicholson Center, provides “employment, “It’s going to be a bar for them where they can go hang out, enrichment and educational services” for people with disabilities relax, engage with their friends, sing karaoke and dance like in Warren, Ohio. nobody is watching and just enjoy their lives,” says Rob with “The priority is that they have a place to go to have their own obvious excitement in his voice. “One thing that I wish more lives--to get away from their parents, their families, to interact, people knew about handicapped individuals is that they are socialize and gossip. Oh, and do they gossip,” Rob says with a people. They have hopes; they have dreams; they get angry with laugh. “It’s a place for them to go to have some fun.” people; they have fantasies; they have desires. They are every bit The Nicholson Center, which is open Monday through Friday, of person as you or I.”
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afterlife Rob drew inspiration for creating The Wooden Nickel from an unforgettable experience at a karaoke bar in which he and a client “were not handled well.” “Somebody has a few drinks and then it’s funny to make fun of the handicapped people,” says Rob. “It’s not a comfortable environment for [people with disabilities].” Japuncha agrees and hopes that one day, people will recognize that “disability is not a wrong thing.” “I would like people to know that people with disabilities are human beings,” he explains. “They are just in a different shape or form.” For Rob and Brenda, better informing the public about people with disabilities is one of their a main goals. This objective not only stems from their line of work, but also their lives at home after two of Rob’s brothers were diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia. “It keeps me grounded and has gives me stronger appreciation for my clients and their families and what they have been through,” says Rob of his brothers. “That’s one thing about my business- some of my clients have families who are multibillionaires and some of their families live on social security. Disabilities don’t discriminate.” Rob’s enthusiasm that comes from starting his own businesses in MR/ Rob Nicholson dances with a client at The Nicholson Center’s 2009 Snow Flake Ball. PHOTO PROVIDED BY ROB NICHOLSON DD care is contagious; he has made it a point to spread his knowledge to other aspiring businessmen around the nation. In order to accomplish this, Rob is part of the Extreme Entrepreneurship Tour (EET), which travels to different cities throughout the country and allows successful entrepreneurs to share their stories. “I like to help others start their businesses because if you do something that you’re passionate about, it’s the most rewarding and fulfilling experience you could ever have,” says Rob. “If I meet someone who is emotionally invested in something, then I’m excited to help them see that dream come to life.” However, Rob’s mission to spread entrepreneurship is not solely limited to the United States. In fact, he is planning on spending a few weeks in Namibia, Africa this June. “Instead of just sending aid to Africa, we’re trying to develop trade,” explains Rob. “If we can promote entrepreneurship and teach their youth about what it would mean to start their own place, then maybe we can change their lives.” According to Brenda, this passion and dedication to helping others are the main ingredients to Rob’s success. “This system needs change. It needs new insights, new ideas and new blood,” she says. “People like Rob will fix it so that people with disabilities are treated more like people instead of just handicapped. He really cares about what he does and that is his driving force to make lives better for other people.”
They have hopes; they have dreams; they get angry with people; they have fantasies; they have desires. They are every bit of a person as you or I.
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SNAKE WHISPERER KRISTIN STANFORD
Having recently won a Recovery Champion award for lifting the Lake Erie Water Snake from the federally threatened species list, Ohio State’s “Island Snake Lady” is more than happy to lend a hand or two to her limbless friends. INTERVIEW TRISHA PATEL LAYOUT ROHAN KUSRE PHOTO PROVIDED BY KRISTIN STANFORD When and how did you first become involved with research at Stone Lab? Oh my goodness, it’s been 10 years. I first came up to Stone Lab in 2001, and it was for a Lake Erie Water Snake project. At the time, I was still a master’s student, so I was coming out to Ohio to do research for about two weeks and I’d stay at the lab, and then I’d go back home to Illinois. And then by January of 2003, our funding sources decided to chip in to continue my position as a full-time recovery plan coordinator for the Lake Erie water snake. So beginning that spring, I moved to Ohio and have been working here ever since.
What is one of the most interesting or amusing stories that has happened to you while working with water snakes? I would say the neatest thing that I’ve been able to do was the whole Dirty Jobs thing, having the Discovery Channel crew come out here in 2006 and film with them. Basically this snowball effect has started with so many people now recognizing, not only Stone Lab, but knowing about our research program and recognizing me when I walk into WalMart or something. That’s so bizarre. But that’s been really cool and very humbling and gratifying all wrapped into one.
What are some of the measures being taken to make sure the snakes are taken off of the threatened species list? We had three main criteria that needed to be met. We’ve met them all, but the first one is a population-persistence criterion, which basically is the number of animals we’re dealing with. We monitor the snake populations at 15 different study sites. The second thing is habitat-protection management. So either through outright land acquisition or management plans, we needed to protect a certain number of shoreline meters and inland acres of water snake habitat. And then the third thing was a reduction of human persecution. One of the reasons the water snake was listed was because people were eradicating the snakes here. So we started an intensive education and outreach campaign.
Are you a Harry Potter fan? Absolutely.
What are some of the duties you have as a resident researcher? It’s just that there’s somebody here who knows where to find things and how to help other students when they show up in the summer for other projects. You help them get started and help them with logistics. For students that are coming here for the first time, it can be a little overwhelming. So I try my best to help them out and to make that transition into doing research here as easy as possible so that they have a positive experience. I want to encourage them to do whatever aspects of research they happen to be interested in.
So if you were a Parseltongue, what’s one thing you would say to a snake? I guess I would tell them I’m trying. I’m trying to do my part to help people understand them. There’s kind of this fear and misunderstanding of snakes. It’s something that’s in the forefront when you’re doing snake conservation. What are the current goals for the water snake project? The final draft of the proposal was sent to Washington just last month. So we’re waiting for some final signatures to happen and then it gets posted in the Federal Register, the official document that’s put out by the Department of the Interior that puts out notices to list or delist. So we’re waiting for the notice to delist and then we go through the peer review period. We send out the delisting to actual selected peer reviews, and then there’s also a 60-day public comment period after it gets published so people can write in their thoughts as to whether people think we achieved our goals. Then Washington decides whether or not they’re going to issue a final ruling that would officially delist the water snakes so it would be taken from being a federally threatened species to a recovered species. We’re hoping that the final posting might happen later this fall or early 2011.
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STORY JEN NELSON LAYOUT KATIE EVERSON
Digital technology is the future of textbooks. As Kindles, iPads and Nooks flood the market, students, professors and booksellers are turning over a new leaf. IMAGINE TWO COMPLETELY DIFFERENT interactions, each resulting in what is meant to be similar outcomes. In the first interaction, you enter a bookstore, toting an already heavy load of books in your Northface backpack. A salesman, wearing a name tag that reads “Brian,” is shelving textbooks and is prepared to assist you. As you make eye contact with Brian, he greets you with a cheery smile. The room is packed with students scurrying to get the best prices for the already overpriced books. This is a scene common to the average college student. Now picture yourself sitting on your couch in your flannel pants and oversized sweatshirt with your MacBook in your lap. You are logged on the CourseSmart website and “Brooke” is assisting you via LiveChat instant messaging. She is there to answer any questions you have concerning your e-book purchase. Not only will Brooke help troubleshoot any problems you may have with your e-book, she also is there to make sure you have the most compatible software for your e-book reader. Her exclamation point after the typed word, “Welcome,” is just as reassuring as Brian’s sunny smile. These two scenarios represent the present and, according to the predictions of publishing companies, the future of the textbook industry. In order to adjust to the fast pace of technology and the “I need it now” mentality, textbook publishing companies, university professors and college students alike are slowly converting their old ways of printed books to become a part of the electronic book industry in one way or another. An electronic book is simply a version of a textbook in digital
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form. There are multiple mediums in which these electronic versions of books may be read including e-readers, computers, netbooks and mobile devices such as the iPhone and the iPod Touch. Although e-readers have been around for the past decade, the recent release of more advanced e-readers has jump started the race for publishing companies to produce digital forms of books. Devices such as Amazon’s Kindle DX, Barnes and Noble’s Nook and Apple’s iPad are just a few reasons why publishing companies like McGraw Hill, Cengage Learning and Pearson currently provide thousands of textbooks in digital form. To put this digital phenomenon into perspective, on Christmas Day in 2009, more Kindle books were sold on Amazon than printed books, according to the president of the L.E.K. Consulting Company. Since 2004, the textbook publishing company Cengage Learning has provided e-books to customers and has had significant success in this business. The company prides itself in the fact that they offer textbooks at half the price of the average textbook. They also offer the digital books to be read on a variety of different e-readers. Like all e-books, costs are cut when it comes to printing, binding and distributing the physical book. This is just one of the advantages that Cengage and other electronic publishing companies offer. Lindsay Brown, the director of corporate communications at Cengage, said that the goal of Cengage is to produce every single textbook in digital form. However, there have been some setbacks that hinder the company’s goal.
“In some cases, titles do not lend themselves to digital formatting, such as art history books, because these books include an enormous number of images that would each require copyright permission for inclusion,” says Brown. This issue has led Cengage to continue to endorse its traditional textbooks, as well as an array of digital options. Their website offers the ability to not only purchase e-books, but to also rent them for a period of time, such as a semester, or even to rent just short sections or chapters of particular textbooks. “While the majority of students and professors still prefer print textbooks, digital solutions are becoming more popular,” says Brown. “With that in mind, Cengage Learning will continue providing a blend of hard-copy texts and digital solutions that foster academic excellence.” Professors across the country have jumped on board and allowed students the chance to ride the digital wave of e-books. Not only does it allow students to purchase their textbooks at a significantly smaller chunk of change, professors, who are also oftentimes authors of textbooks, get a much larger portion of the royalties since the costs of physically producing the textbook are cut. Dr. Ellen Furlong, a psychology professor at The Ohio State University, is a strong proponent of students using e-books. She has offered the option to her students for the past few years and believes the cost benefits outweigh most of the other advantages to using digital mediums. “Bookstores notoriously mark up prices, and then make a huge profit selling used copies,” says Furlong. “This cuts that process out and puts the profits where they belong–in the hands of the authors of textbooks.” Publishing companies are also giving incentives to professors who help promote the use of e-books. Furlong mentions that many publishing companies often bundle texts with other software to cut costs, which entices many professors, as they are not only going green, but also saving green. But there are many students and professors strongly against the use of e-books, as it is something so new and unfamiliar, they cannot perceive the idea of not physically holding a book. “I think that people just really like the feel of books,” says Furlong. “They’re used to them, it’s comforting.” Furlong also notes that there has been some research that people’s hands actually help to direct their attention. Reading and holding a book, rather than looking at a computer screen, may just be psychologically easier because their hands allow people to keep the attention better on the text. In Furlong’s case, she has a habit of using digital formats of text while she is working, but when she is reading for pleasure, she prefers to read a hard copy of a book. She attributes this to being accustomed to her days in school of only having the one
option of using hard copies of books. This also provides a good reason as to why most educational institutions have had such a slow adoption to the digital form of textbooks. Most adults and even high school and college students have all grown up around hard copies of books and have been introduced to digital formats of books only more recently in their lives. The mixed feelings about e-readers are felt from those who have been exposed to the digital age their whole lives, as well as those who have had less exposure to technology. “My mom would have no idea how to use [a Kindle], it’s so funny…and she’s really hip!” says Samantha Feiden, a student at Ohio State. Feiden has owned a Kindle for almost a year. She initially purchased it for traveling purposes. As she sat in her room describing the different reasons why she bought her e-book reader, a pile of hard-copy books sat next to her Kindle. “Because my Kindle is new, it’s a little weird. I’ve gone my whole life holding a book with my hands, so it’s kind of weird. I think I kind of like hard-copy books better right now,” says Feiden. “But I’m sure after I start using my Kindle more often, I will eventually like it better.” Feiden has recently had a dual experience of purchasing physical and digital copies of her textbooks. Amazon has given Feiden the ability to purchase cheaper hard copies of textbooks, while purchasing textbooks straight from her Kindle wherever and whenever she wants to. “They sell almost all of the textbooks I need on Amazon and I own a few. The only thing I don’t like about it is that I can’t highlight and make marks on the pages themselves,” says Feiden. “Other than that, I really don’t see why all books wouldn’t go electronic. It would be so much easier, and so much lighter.” Another downfall, Feiden notes, is that whenever she has to borrow a book from someone, she must hop on the time machine to use a hard copy of a book, whether it is for educational purposes or for pleasure reading. As Feiden and Furlong struggle between their multiple reading choices, publishing companies are striving to make e-books the future. But just as Blockbuster has experienced the shift from VHS to DVD to most recently, the Blu-ray disk, the textbook world is now experiencing its first transition to its newest technological platform. Despite the much slower pace of shifting mediums, professors, students and publishers are still hoping to receive the same results that the industry has been producing for hundreds of years. These results include a good read and a friendly smile, or in the case of our friend Brooke at CourseSmart, a nice exclamation point whenever we need help with our textbook purchases.
“Bookstores notoriously mark up prices, and then make a huge profit selling used copies. This cuts that process out and puts the profits where they belong, in the hands of the authors of the textbooks.” ology 2010 summer quarter
Seeds of Wisdom
The University Area Enrichment Association sees gardening as more than just a leisurely summer pastime. The fresh vegetables produced in its community gardens benefit those who live in areas where locally grown, healthy produce is not readily available. With green thumbs and open hearts, UAEA looks to harvest justice.
STORY LINDSAY NELSON LAYOUT ROHAN KUSRE PHOTOS BEN CRIST
hen April Calkovsky moved to Columbus in 2006, she had not yet found her niche. She was searching for a person, a group, a something that would provide her with a sense of belonging. After taking a service learning course, she began to volunteer with the community gardeners in the University Area Enrichment Association (UAEA). It might seem strange that a garden would grant her a feeling of acceptance, but Calkovsky boasts that “it was the first time [she] felt a sense of place.” Calkovsky works with the university garden collective, which proudly maintains nine community gardens around the Ohio State campus area. The community gardens help to feed
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residence of the university area, and also contribute to much of the produce sold at the Urban Farmers’ Market, located on N. 4th and 18th Street. Calkovsky believes that the creation of the market will help improve the daily nutrition of community members. “Part of the mission of the UAEA is to empower and enrich the lives of the people who live in the university area. Part of that area is Weinland Park. That is the most diversely populated, the most densely populated area and it is also the most poverty stricken,” explains Calkovksy. “We created the Urban Farmers’ Market to get those people to buy locally grown vegetables that are grown in their neighborhood.” While one may think that gardening is a pastime reserved for suburban mothers, it is the central focus
OPPOSITE AND ABOVE The North Market in downtown Columbus is home to a wide variety of locally grown and organic fruits and vegetables.
of UAEA’s mission. Weinland Park is the target demographic because it is the most poverty-stricken, and therefore the most cut off from wholesome foods. When the majority of school lunches are made up of hot dogs, pizza and French fries, healthy nutrition becomes a major concern. The market aims to increase the availability of inexpensive, locally grown, organic foods to the people of the Weinland Park area. The Urban Farmers’ Market is unique in that it features live cooking demonstrations using the food sold there, a strategy that proves useful in showing people how simple it is to prepare nutritious foods. “The demonstrations are really key. That’s what really draws people. As soon as we make something with [a specific ingredient], then it sells out at the market,” says Calkovsky. “And it’s really cool to see this excitement about it.” In a world where grabbing McDonald’s is faster than sitting down to a meal, this efficiency is key. The Urban Farmers’ Market isn’t the only group that wants to bring people into the garden rather than through the drive-thru. A program based in central Ohio called Local Matters takes healthy eating to a new level. At its core, the programs strive to educate children about healthy eating and living while also teaching them how to grow plants. According to program manager Trish Dehnbostle, one in three kindergartners will be diagnosed with Type-2 Diabetes in their lifetime. The root causes of this disease are eating too much of the wrong kind of food and a lack of exercise. “This is the first generation of kids that is estimated to live 10 years less than their parents,” says Dehnbostle. “And it’s all connected to food. It is something that drives what we do. A lot of our programs are fun, but behind all of that, there is some seriousness too.” Local Matters has two school-based curriculums, “Food is Elementary” and “Food Ecology,” that help children learn about food, from the seed to the table. The programs are designed to answer questions like, “What do plants require to live and be healthy?” and “What do kids require to live and be healthy?” Through a series of 28 lessons, kids learn how to plant seeds, harvest the produce and prepare meals. This type of education accentuates the idea that eating right and exercising can help students concentrate and do better in school, have more energy and maintain a healthy weight. However, not just kids are benefitting from these programs, as parents have also taken an interest in the food education.
“Every single school is reaping benefits from the curriculum. Parents are still coming to me and saying, ‘I didn’t really know that whole wheat was so much better than white flour,’ or ‘I didn’t know that beans and rice were a complete protein,’” Dehnbostle says. “We’re hearing a lot of positive comments everywhere. It’s been even more successful than we thought.” In a city as large and as populated as Columbus, the possibility of creating a garden can be overlooked when considering the limited space. Yet even the smallest space can be converted into a leafy patch. Calkovsky refers to a newspaper-sized space as a “square foot farm.” “You can plant in one square foot a tomato plant, basil and oregano, green pepper or red pepper, garlic, onions and potatoes,” says Calkovsky. “Or you can have container gardens on windowsills or porches or balconies.” If a personal garden is not possible, residence can look to the Veggie Van, which sells organic and locally grown vegetables at market prices. This van is equipped with a food stamp machine, and frequents the areas, like Weinland Park, that most need the nutrients. Dehnbostle also started the Weinland Park community garden, where teens are employed during the summers to keep up the garden. Ohio State students can take an active role in community gardening, too. President of Ohio State Students for Food Sovereignty Nick Vallo oversees the organization’s own community garden on Summit Street. “How we’re growing food today is completely unsustainable,” says Vallo. “I look at the system and think ‘There is a better way to do this.’ We need to understand where our food comes from. If we understand that, then our decisions toward a lot of things will change.” Calkovsky agrees that community gardening is an effective way to educate community members about the health benefits that locally grown food brings. She recently broke ground for a wheelchair-accessible garden near Dodd Hall. “We created a platform area with crushed limestone so the wheelchairs can go on them,” she said. “We’re going to plant as much food in there as we possibly can, because the long-term goal is to give one meal a day to patients in Dodd Hall.” Sustainable means of living is becoming more of a priority in this growing city. For students, community members, children and Dodd Hall patients alike, healthy living and healthy foods will lead to better lives.
ology 2010 summer quarter
Pattycake Bakery offers dairy and gluten-free baked goods for a healthier alternative to typical sweets.
In 2002, Men’s Fitness deemed Columbus the sixth fattest city in the nation. But as more and more organic options become available at supermarkets and in restaurants, Columbus is battling the bulge and gravitating towards healthier options that lack the extra chemical ingredients.
STORY JOSH PELTIER LAYOUT ROHAN KUSRE PHOTO JENNY HALSEY hio State freshman Mack Lorden feels like he just picked up the hammer in Super Smash Bros. He can take on anything and anyone. With energy rushing through every fiber in his body, Lorden is experiencing the familiar sugar rush after cashing in on Buckeye Donuts’ five for $3.50 deal. However, like the hammer in Super Smash Bros., the feeling of vigor is temporary. Twenty minutes later, Lorden is crashing from the sugar rush. “I just feel profound tiredness and an intense desire for a nap,” Lorden says about sugar rushes. “It’s just not worth it to satisfy your taste buds for a few minutes when your body has to pay for it.”
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Because of these unintended consequences, Lorden believes that there are endless holistic benefits to eating organic. Lorden’s academic background further supports this idea, as he is an honors student in the Allied Medical program, and is majoring in nutrition. “I started eating organic food around senior year, which was when I found out about all the chemicals, pesticides and preservatives they put into non-organic products,” says Lorden. “I want to live the longest functional life I can.” Lorden is not the only one who has seen the benefits of eating organic. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service, national retail sales in organic food products in the United States have grown from $3.6 bil-
lion in 1997 to $21.1 billion in 2008. Organic foods are defined as those that are produced without the use of chemicals and drugs, including pesticides and fertilizers commonly used in cultivation and antibiotics and hormones, given to commercial livestock. Steve Curtis, franchisee of the restaurant Z Pizza in the Short North, contributes to the increase in the use of organic foods, as Z Pizza’s menu is organic-based. The restaurant offers calzones, subs, pasta dishes, salads and a “build your own pizza” option, all of which are 100 percent certified organic. “There’s a high demand around campus and in downtown Columbus, especially in the younger crowd, and I think it is growing exponentially,” says Curtis. “People now are just much more aware of what they’re putting in their bodies, they’re reading the labels, and they want to know what those long words that they can’t pronounce actually are.” With the demand for organic food increasing, the availability has expanded. Organic food is more readily available than ever with health driven stores like Trader Joe’s and Whole Foods located throughout Columbus. There is a mass of local markets based around organic products, including the Clintonville Community Market, Raisinrack Natural Food Market and Oatganic Organic Natural Grocer to name a few. Curtis points out that big chain stores like Kroger, Giant Eagle, Meijer and Walmart are getting in on the act as well. “As it becomes more popular, it’ll become easier to get,” Curtis explains. “Now you can go to a Walmart and there’s an organic section that wasn’t there five years ago. The barrier of entry is definitely coming down and more people will come to it as it becomes available.” This surge in popularity can be heavily attributed to the media painting a positive portrait of organic food. Jennie Scheinbach, owner of Pattycake Bakery on North High Street, shares this belief. Pattycake Bakery serves all the wonderful treats every bakery does, but with an organic and vegan twist. The sweets contain tofu, whole grains and flaxseed while abstaining from gluten, dairy products and chemicals. “The media has to do with people becoming more aware of their health and environment,” Scheinbach states. “You can credit the Internet for spreading the word so quickly and to a vast audience.” Although fast foods continue to dominate the food industry, the grave consequences of an unhealthy diet have moved people to organic alternatives. Columbus is taking advantage of these alternatives and has improved from the sixth fattest city in America in 2002 to eighteenth fattest city in 2009 (Men’s Fitness). Columbus’ improvement can be attributed to the healthy choices available, such as Z Pizza. “[Our pizza] is healthier, it contains hundreds less calories per slice than the average pizza, our dough is made fresh and not shipped in filled with preservatives, it’s low in fat, MSG free and doesn’t have all those chemicals in it,” Curtis adds in. Scheinbach also expressed how providing an organic and vegan route helps in more ways than just health. Her genuine happiness and community pride was palpable when she pressed on to say that she has always wanted to provide the community an alternative for sweets that can also appeal to people with allergies. “A lot of our business has to do with people who have al-
lergies or are lactose intolerant since we don’t put chemicals into our ingredients. We’re gluten and dairy free,” Scheinbach explains. She continued with her reasons for opening an organicbased bakery by explaining how she wanted to decrease the effects from eating at other bakeries. “The rush that you get when you eat sugar is not as intense [with Pattycake Bakery goods]. It’s whole grain, has tofu in it and its high protein content blunts that sugar rush,” Scheinbach states. Scheinbach is providing an alternative for sweets so that people like Lorden do not have to experience that awful crash after a sweet tooth is pacified. Although Scheinbach and Curtis are offering healthier organic alternatives, people still seem to be wary of switching to an organic lifestyle, and the steep prices connected with organic foods is no doubt a factor. “I would say it’s a misconception that we’re more expensive,” says Curtis. “When you look at Donato’s right across the street from us, we have our extra large pepperoni pizza, which is pretty much the exact same price as theirs for the size of the pizza. If it’s the same price, why not go with the organic option? I think the term ‘organic’ itself scares people off.” According to Curtis, it’s not the actual price that scares people away, but rather the idea of organic food and the notions people associate it with. Scheinbach’s personal experience can attest to this.
People now are just much more aware of what they’re putting in their bodies.
“It was Pattycake Vegan Bakery, but we changed [the name] because it turned people off. We are still vegan, but the name change has helped,” Scheinbach explains. “We didn’t have the reach that we do now, and it has increased the variety of our clientele.” These negative pre-conceived notions that Curtis touches on and what Scheinbach experienced can also pertain to taste, as organic food is known as tasteless. Lorden provides a consumer’s approach. “[Organic food] just has so much more flavor!” he exclaims. “It’s got a fresher taste to it.” While taste is subjective, numbers show that people are taking to organic food. They also realize that organic food is no longer merely a healthy luxury, but rather a long term investment that affects future well being As Scheinbach and Curtis put it, the more people are educated on the effects of what they consume, the higher the demand for organic food becomes. “Really it’s just a few cents here and there for your body’s benefit,” says Lorden. “If people knew the full extent to which those harmful chemicals have on the body, they would realize a couple dollars is a small price to pay for what they’re getting in return. It’s just a logical investment for your own body and health.”
ology 2010 summer quarter
What are you going to do with your art degree?
STORY JENEANE DUNLAP LAYOUT WENDY QI PHOTOS PROVIDED BY JENI’S SPLENDID ICE CREAMS
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Jeni Britton-Bauer, former Ohio State art student and founder of Jeni’s Splendid Ice Creams, runs her business out of a laid-back office off Chesapeake Avenue. There’s ordinary paperwork, white boards and computers, but what is really catching is the scent of vanilla lingering throughout. Its source can be traced to Bauer’s desk. Sacks of red pepper, curry and a glass jar of Ugandan vanilla beans sit among paper clips and pens. It is here that the relationship Bauer has towards flavor becomes clear. Take a vanilla bean—the epitome of simplicity. “At first whiff, it is what it is—vanilla,” Bauer explains. “Once past that initial scent, the nose begins to recognize hints of jasmine and leather.” This attention to detail is what separates Bauer’s ice cream from value-sized gallons of Neapolitan. With five locations throughout Columbus, Bauer combines business with pleasure, as well as success with innovation. “I think coming from a creative origin, I feel emotionally connected to the ice cream, similar to how an artist would feel about their music or paintings,” says Bauer. “I also feel like it’s never finished. It continues and grows as creativity blooms.” Being “emotionally connected to the ice cream” may seem a bit peculiar if one is unfamiliar with the incredibly unique flavors offered at Jeni’s locations. After getting a taste of Mango Lassi, Salty Caramel, Rhubarb Rose, or Thai Chili, it’s easier to embrace the eccentric. Bauer’s creative use of flavor is what makes this ice cream so deliciously strange. Bauer was introduced to the art of flavor while exploring the world of French pastry at La Chatelaine, a local French restaurant and bakery. It’s a restaurant seeping with inspiration and known for their macaroons. French music playing within the dark mahogany windowpanes entices one to fall in love while eating a croissant. “I was one of their first employees and the energy was amazing. I met people from all over France, from Senegal, Paris and Lyon. I had experience in the kitchen and the bakery, had tasted Valrhona chocolate, the most amazing apricots, things right out of the garden,” Bauer says, reflecting. “I was exposed to the next level of flavor.” While experimenting in the kitchen, Bauer created her first signature flavor—a blend of cocoa and cayenne. “I was in art school, a creative time in my life, thinking about food. I started to make ice cream and was like, ‘Wow!’” Bauer says. “I realized the potential right away when I did the spicy chocolate.” Taking this flavor, now known as Queen City Cayenne, Bauer began out of Columbus’s North Market in 1996. At the time, she could pass for the part of a starving artist. “We made no money for three and a half years.
We made around $630 a month, which is not enough to survive. I took the bus and walked everywhere,” Bauer says with a grin. “I had a blast.” The North Market proved to be another valued source of inspiration. Walking through the aisles, from shelves of high-end cheese, to displays of wine and pots of steaming Indian food, the market was a perfect place for brainstorming. Speaking with the merchants and networking on a more personal level, Bauer was at no shortage for quality ice cream ingredients. “Jeni has a really close relationship with local businesses, especially farms,” says Jeni’s employee Jacob Winger, who has worked at Jeni’s for three years. “All of our dairy products are from local dairy farms—the highest quality. When growing season starts, we use local produce for our ice cream. We are all about promoting Ohio—Columbus in particular.” With early harvest beginning in May, the fields of Ohio contribute rhubarb, strawberries, blueberries and cherries. Bauer makes it a point to return the favor. “Whenever we open a store, we try to relate it to the neighborhood somehow,” she says. “We always open small shops because we love lines.” At first, this seems a bit off kilter when considering profit. “When standing in a line, people almost always start up conversations with others in front or behind,” explains Bauer. “I love standing in our lines, I do it all the time! It’s a safe place to get to know your community.” The atmosphere of the location in the Short North is just as she described. Light from the large windows reflects off the old-fashioned milk jars serving as chandeliers as customers sitting in pairs and small groups converse over waffle cones. A woman visiting from the northern coast of Spain tries Bauer’s ice cream for the first time after a friend’s recommendation. She shares her story over a trio of Belgian milk chocolate. “This is the only flavor I eat. I tried vanilla once when I was 21 and didn’t like it. I went back to chocolate,” says the traveler. “It’s like getting married. Once you know what you like, you stick to it. People always ask me, ‘Why don’t you try something new?’ I say, ‘Why complicate it?’” Why complicate it? It’s a common philosophy held by the Jeni’s community. “We sell artisan ice cream made in small batches with fresh ingredients and no artificial colorings,” says Winger. “It’s all about celebrating the natural art of flavor.” Just as one would recognize the steady base in a favored song or the harmony of colors working together in a desired painting, the simple interactions of flavor can derive just as much appreciation. This is where Bauer found her niche, proving that the path of an artist can be rich and rewarding while designing something enjoyable.
ology 2010 summer quarter
PARKOUR EXPOSED Otherwise known as the “art of movement,” parkour is the physical discipline of training to run, jump, leap and climb over, through and under any obstacle, anywhere. It’s artistic, holistic and too often misunderstood. Ohio State senior Joseph Torchia, founder of Parkour Horizons, a Columbus nonprofit parkour-training organization, and parkour practitioners Chris Wilson, Nick Theobald and Gennie Abbiss give Ology the scoop on this increasingly popular European export. INTERVIEWS DEANNA PAN
PHOTOS JACK MILLER
It’s relatively safe. “The worst injury I’ve ever had was tendonitis…When trained properly, parkour--I would argue--is much safer than many common sports, such as football or cheerleading.” -- Torchia
We get physical.
There’s a mind/body connection.
Honesty is the best policy.
LAYOUT ROHAN KUSRE
One, you want to build full body strength—that’s one of the main concerns. You want to build body control as well. You want to develop balance; you want to develop awareness of your surroundings and yourself so you can move appropriately. And you want to build strong techniques so you can apply them.” -- Torchia
“It’s holistic. Training yourself mentally, physically and using whatever you have around you to train. Part of it is challenging yourself, not in any risky way or brash way, but finding something that...you know with training you can do, or even something you physically can do, but mentally, you’re not sure about.” -- Wilson
“The reason humility is important is because it allows you to look at yourself honestly and because it allows me to trust [a Parkour Horizons practitioner]. If I know he’s being humble and he says, ‘Yes, I can do this,’ I know that I can trust him because he’s honestly looked at his ability to do something.” -- Torchia
Don’t believe everything you see on YouTube. “It’s nothing like what you see on the Internet--it really isn’t. There’s a lot of work put in behind it. What you see on the Internet is just flash and flair.” -- Theobald
The hard work always pays off. “It’s really challenging, but the sense of accomplishment is really intense. It’s like running a race and winning every time you get over a wall. It feels great. That’s what is so addicting about it.” -- Gennie Abbiss
OPPOSITE: Parkour Horizons instructor Nick Kelly scales a wall. INSET FROM TOP: Parkour Horizons practitioners Brad Duncan, Ben Krueger and Nick Kelly freerun through Columbus.
ology 2010 summer quarter
ology 2010 summer quarter
HEAR THEM ROAR Simply defined as a doctrine that promotes equal rights for women, ‘feminism’ doesn’t seem like such a dirty word. Yet, last May, the university’s resident feminists of Women and Allies Rising in Resistance were booed, sneered and even spat at as they protested controversial blogger-authorplayboy Tucker Max’s Ohio State speaking engagement for just that cause. So, who are these resilient women (and men) and are they really that radical? STORY CHLOE GOODHART
PHOTOS ALEX KOTRAN
LAYOUT SHANNON BREWER
s 7:00p.m. rolls around on a spring Tuesday evening, the members of Women and Allies Rising in Resistance (WARR) begin their weekly meeting. Ignoring the leather chairs that surround the boardroom tables in room 2051 of the Ohio Union, they climb over the tables and sit cross-legged in a circle. A white board labeled “Vagenda” lists talking points for the day. Laughing, one of the members adds “your mom” to the list, which leads to teasing that “your mom” is a very heteronormative topic, so it cannot be the question of the day. One of the group leaders takes charge and finds a compromise for the question. They start talking about the latest plans for Take Back the Night, WARR’s annual event to raise awareness for sexual violence, this year held on May 13. As the “Vagenda” directs them to discuss leadership changes in the upcoming year, the meeting continues like any other on the Ohio State campus, with a mixture of joking and serious conversation that is somehow productive. For anyone expecting the stereotypical “man-hating” feminist meeting, it is surprising to see how approachable the group is. They welcome questions about themselves and their beliefs. The only thing militant about the members is their passion for equality, and the closest they come to “man-hating” is their friendly mocking of the two male members. So if WARR is not made up of pushy, combatant activists, then who are these feminists? The Freshman Maddie Fireman is a slight freshman with dark hair and a history of activism. As the social action chair for her temple’s youth group, she has organized many service events, like volunteering at shelters. She has also been to rallies for causes such as Darfur and has done a lot of work in raising aware-
People don’t understand that we’re radically passionate about our goals, but we don’t have over-the-top requests. We’re not trying to achieve a ridiculously impossible goal. ness for the Agahozo-Shalom Youth Village in Rwanda, which houses and educates teenage orphans from the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Fireman even visited the village last year. “I feel like before I knew the term [activism], like in middle school, elementary school and even high school, I was always involved in activist movements, whether it be, like social action or volunteering,” she says. She first took an interest in feminism in high school when she started listening to Ani DiFranco, a folk singer. A feminist icon who left the big record labels in favor of founding her own Righteous Babes label, DiFranco is clearly a source of pride and inspiration to Fireman, whose eyes light up just talking about the singer. “I listened to the music of Ani DiFranco, just talking about liberation and being pro-choice, and that’s how I kind of got into the feminism thing. Then I came here and found this awe-
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some feminist group,” she says proudly. Having discovered the movement through music, Fireman says she has stayed with it because of the community. Not only has WARR opened doors for her into the grassroots activist community in Columbus, but she has made many good friends through the group. “I’ve made so many great friends here and I’ve found so many great volunteering opportunities--opportunities to learn more about politics and activism,” Fireman says. However, Fireman is well aware of the stigma often associated with feminism. She believes people assume feminists are “really aggressive, pushy women who hate men,” and she is saddened that these people misunderstand what WARR and feminism are really about. “People don’t understand that we’re radically passionate about our goals, but we don’t have over-the-top requests,” she says. “We’re not trying to achieve a ridiculously impossible
ology 2010 summer quarter
Assistance Fund at Ohio State last year, an achievement of which she is very proud. She remembers the WARR protest at a Tucker Max speaking engagement at Ohio State in 2009 as the turning point in the group’s campaign. The protestors believed Max, a blogger, writer, and self-described asshole, and his comedy contributed to a “rape culture.” “I think the tipping point was the community outrage at Tucker Max. They were telling us they didn’t have the money for this fund, but then they paid him like $8,500 to come speak. So we were like, ‘You’re paying him with our student activity fee to come speak at campus while at the same time not really caring about survivors of sexual assault or violence? Yeah…’” she says, fading off with a look of disgust. Kittila also realizes that WARR’s feminist label has given the group somewhat of a negative image. She believes feminism has a negative connotation in society, but that does not stop her from fighting for what she believes in. This passion for feminism is not unique to Kittila, as it seems to run in the family. “I guess my mom was like a hippie child or whatever. An original--well, not original--she’s not a suffragette. She’s not
that old!” she says with a laugh But it was not until college that feminism became a part of Kittila’s identity. Since then, involvement in WARR and the feminist cause has changed the way she sees the world. “In a lot of ways, it has made me more critical, because you don’t really take anything for granted, and if you do, then you try to challenge yourself on those things,” she says. “Even basic assumptions like categories of men and women are no longer static, no longer neat little boxes.” The Man A somewhat scruffy guy with the beginnings of a beard and a white tee shirt that shows off his tattoo (which reads “what doesn’t kill me makes me stronger” in German), 2009 OSU graduate Aaron Rothey does not look like a feminist. But having grown up with two moms and an older sister, Rothey learned at a young age to respect women. After attending his first Take Back the Night event with some feminist friends, he realized feminism was a cause he identified with. “As I grew older and encountered a lot of negative things
I think for better or for worse, when certain people see a man involved, they might take it more seriously. And that’s unfortunate, but that’s the way of things. Previous page: Members of WARR take a break from planning Take Back the Night, an event aimed at spreading awareness for sexual assault. Right: Ohio State freshman Maddie Fireman joined WARR after taking an interest in feminism during her senior year of high school. Above: (left to right) Maddie Fireman, Aaron Rothey and Peggy Kittila. Left: Kittila spent the 2007-08 school year trying to rebuild WARR, as many of its members had left or graduated. Right: As one of two male members, Rothey contributes to WARR’s diversity.
goal.” With a history of activism, a love for her fellow feminists and a passion for equality, Fireman is committed to feminism for the long haul. When asked what her involvement in WARR has meant to her, Fireman replies, “Even just the idea of feminism, even the radical stuff attached to it--it just makes me feel like I can speak out more freely and be more open minded and say, ‘Yeah, I’m a feminist. Here’s what I have to say about that.’” The Veteran Peggy Kittila is a stout junior engineering major with a joking personality and previous involvement with WARR. She joined the group a quarter before a study abroad trip to Germany, and when she returned, there was almost no one left. So at the beginning of the 2007-08 school year, it fell to Kittila to find more members. “That year was mostly just trying to rebuild the ranks and keep Take Back the Night happening because there were four or five of us, so it was pretty intense trying to get anything done at all,” she says. Realizing she was one of the few veteran members, Kittila recruited some hard-working, committed people to the cause. She helped the group’s effort to establish a Sexual Assault
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surrounding women--that ‘women can’t do this; they shouldn’t do this’--it didn’t make sense to me because I had grown up with a number of women doing all of those things,” he says, explaining his initial involvement with feminism. Being a man in the feminist movement presents a challenge for Rothey. He often has to remind himself that the women around him know what is best for them. “It’s definitely been an exercise in humility to go into feminist groups or speak on feminist issues while being very careful of my own privilege or position in the world and not stepping on peoples’ toes,” he says. Rothey knows, though, that feminism is often looked down upon and stereotyped. “I think we try to be a certain voice of conscience on campus, and unfortunately, a lot of people don’t like to have their conscience brought into things, and so they’ll view us negatively,” he says. Perhaps because of feminist stereotypes, Rothey recognizes the importance of having men involved in the feminist cause, and it’s not only for the sake of diversity. “I think for better or for worse, when certain people see a man involved in that context, they might take it more seriously,” he says. “And that’s unfortunate, but that’s the way of things.” As for his future in the feminist cause, Rothey knows he will remain involved, whether it is through WARR or other likeminded organizations. “I think as long as I remain in Columbus, I will remain at the very least in contact with the people in WARR and keep upto-date with them,” he says. “As I grow slightly older every day, I don’t think my presence grows illegitimate, but I think it’s natural for new people to come up and fill my shoes.”
ology 2010 summer quarter
Now Excepting Applications STORY BRYN LAUBACHER
PHOTO ILLUSTRATION BEN CRIST
LAYOUT KATIE EVERSON
As graduates compete for the chance to earn their own livelihoods, international students recognize that the process poses a few more obstacles for them than for their domestic counterparts.
he U.S. economy is in a rough spot. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the unemployment rate is up to 11.5 percent in Ohio. The major concern for college students is the availability of jobs after graduation. What use is a degree if there are no jobs available in which to use it? If finding a job after graduation is difficult as a U.S. citizen, imagine the struggles international students face after graduation. At a school in which six percent of the student body is native to a different country, according to the Office of International Affairs, this is an especially pressing issue. From 2008 to 2009, enrollment of international students increased by eight percent, adding many students from countries including China, Korea, India, Taiwan and Canada. Allison Fu, a sophomore actuarial science and finance major from China, decided to attend Ohio State because of its reputation and financial aid opportunities. Although graduation is still a couple years ahead, Fu is looking forward to her future possibilities. To take steps toward ensuring success in her future, she has participated in career fairs on campus to gain more experience. Nevertheless, classes are often not the hardest part of the international student’s life. For Fu, “getting close to American friends, not general communication but trying to get to know them” is her most significant struggle. Although this is her main obstacle now, when asked about the upcoming issue of securing an internship or job after graduation she was not optimistic. She says that many companies that claim to have full-time jobs
or internships open to international students take preference toward American citizens, or do not even consider international students. “The first question companies would ask is usually ‘Are you a U.S. citizen?’ If not, they won’t be interested in hiring you,” Fu says. “Not only does an international student have to be better than American students on academic and leadership experience in order to get a job, but he also has to put in much more effort to connect with companies.” While Fu believes that the cultural barrier is the largest struggle international students must overcome in finding a job after graduation, April Calkovsky thinks differently. Calkovsky, of the Career Services Office for the College of Arts and Sciences, says that the biggest difficulties she sees for international students after graduation are the language barrier, student and employer confusion in the hiring process and visa status restrictions. According to Calkovsky, the language barrier can hinder any post-graduation opportunities for many international students. “Too often I see international students who believe that they will be able to walk on to any company just because they have a diploma from an American university,” says Calkovsky. “Students need to make use of campus resources to understand all of the intricacies of their individual situation.” Hard work is the main way to overcome such situations, but Calkovsky says that the career offices have resources for extra assistance. For instance, in the Arts and Sciences office
We’re still a company in which the bulk of employees are Americans, but we highly value international experience.
specifically, there is a book in the resource room which provides a listing of opportunities available to international students. Visa status can be another issue for international students. Once a student graduates, they may not be allowed residency in the terms of their visa. Gifty Ako-Adounvo, of the Office of International Affairs, elaborated on the problem of visa statuses. “One of the biggest difficulties for international students is making sure their visa statuses are current and they are eligible to work in the United States,” Ako-Adounvo says. “The Office of International Affairs offers two different types of training sessions to help students obtain the permissions they need to work off-campus in an internship or practical work experience environment as a supplement to their education.” Jorge Concha, a second year in the MBA program at Ohio State, has been through the experience of searching for a job and has recently been employed at Ashland Inc. for an internship after his graduation in June. A native of Chile, Concha went to Purdue University for his undergraduate degree in engineering. “I decided to go to Ohio State for the MBA program because it provided opportunities and I haven’t second-guessed my decision since,” says Concha. Although many companies have been leaning towards hiring more domestic students because of the growing national unemployment rate, Ashland Inc. highly values an international perspective. Ashland Inc. is a specialty chemical company with a large base in Columbus. Tim Harman, Senior Staffing Specialist of College Relations and Diversity at Ashland Inc., is resolute in the company’s strength due to its international relations. As a company with manufacturing plants in 36 different countries, much of its success is based overseas. “It is very important to us to have students to relate to people in our international areas,” says Harman. “We have always hired international students and we always will. We highly value international experience, whether it is from study abroad or from being native to a different country.” With his work experience in his native country of Chile, Concha was a strong candidate for a global marketing intern position at Ashland Inc. starting in June. After sending his resume to companies who have been known to hire international
students in the past, he was offered the job at Ashland. “It really comes down to your own ambition and motivation,” Concha says. “Ohio State can help you out with your resume and mock interviews, but you still need to go out there on your own.” His visa will expire a year after his graduation and at that point, in time he will have to find a full-time job or go back to Chile to work. Concha hopes that by working hard at Ashland Inc. he will have a chance at a full-time position there. Harman says it is not unusual for them to employ a student as an intern for a year, then offer them a full-time position. For example, they had an international student work as an intern for two years while he was in school. After he graduated, he was offered a fulltime position in an Ashland base in India, his native country. The Fisher College of Business recognized Ashland Inc. with the award of Most Outstanding Corporation for Diversity Enhancement in 2009, although a majority of the company employees are domestic. “We’re still a company in which the bulk of employees are Americans, but we highly value international experience,” says Harman. International students face the everyday struggles of going to class and job searching in the same ways domestic students do. Their struggles are simply amplified by language barriers, legal issues and lack of connections with American businesses. Through hard work and perseverance, Concha overcame these difficulties and has found success in his American experience. “A lot of international students choose to remain with groups of individuals who they are comfortable with, but you have to be willing to put yourself out there and talk to other classmates,” says Concha. “Once you step out of that box there are so many benefits from those connections. It pains me to see some talented people who aren’t willing to do that.”
THE PROBLEM BEGINS WITH WORDS.
WORDS / APART TWO DIFFERENT ORGANIZATIONS, TWO CONFLICTING IDEOLOGIES. ONE MULTIFACETED DISORDER.
STORY DEANNA PAN / LAYOUT KATIE EVERSON / PHOTOS PROVIDED BY JULIE CECYS AND MELANIE YERGEAU
A loss or lack of language skills is often the first of many atypical behavioral patterns observed in children with autism-spectrum disorders (ASD), according to the National Institute of Mental Health. As infants, they might not babble or coo in their mothers’ arms. As toddlers, their speech may be limited to single-word utterances, if they’re even speaking at all. As adults, the problem persists; sarcasm, literalism, humor and intention may evade them. Processing, ingesting and comprehending speech may be delayed. And for some, without the use of a computerized speech-generating device, the words just don’t come out all. Among the steadily rising crescendo of the autism conversation’s loudest voices, words are symptomatic of a different problem—one that pits Autism Speaks, the most widely recognized brand of autism activism in the world, against a guerrilla group of the very kind of people it’s trying to cure—the autistic men and women of The Autistic Self-Advocacy Network (ASAN). While Autism Speaks defines autism as a preventable condition, Noranne Cochran, a Columbus-based autism-rights blogger, like other ASAN members, talks about her Asperger’s Syndrome like it’s just a quirky, though profoundly defining, personal characteristic—very much like her spiky, neon hair. For these autistic men and women, the problem begins with the word “cure.” “Cure can mean literally anything to the individual. For some mothers with nonverbal children, cure means their child is now verbal and can speak full sentences and has pragmatic speech. For maybe a mother with an Asperger’s son, for him to actually hold a job longer than a month and maybe have a girlfriend could be considered a cure,” says Cochran. “For some it means a complete, utter transformation of the individual inside and out—the removal of the core characteristic of that person.” The semantics of the word “autism,” including its sprawling web of cause, treatment and prevention corollaries, have changed dramatically over the past 100 years: in 1911, the disorder was viewed as a symptom of schizophrenia. In the post-Rain Man age of the ‘90s, it was expanded into a spectrum of lowto high-functioning variation, including Asperger’s Syndrome, a milder form of the disorder characterized by the retention of normal intelligence and language development. Today, the mystery surrounding autism continues to elude parents and researchers alike. The highly publicized autism advocacy movement surged as reports from the National Institute of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) continued to show a spike in autism diagnoses over the years; most recently, in 2009 the CDC estimated that autism spectrum disorders affect one in 110 children in the United States—up from one in 250 in 2001 and one in 2,500 in 1985. To some parents and family members, these were signs of an epidemic—a national public health crisis was on the rise. By the time Suzanne and Bob Wright, grandparents of an autistic child, founded Autism Speaks in
IF I COULD GO BACK AND SAY I WISH IT WOULD HAVE BEEN THIS WAY, CERTAINLY I WOULD...BUT HE IS WHO GOD GAVE ME AND THAT IS WHAT I HAVE HAD TO DEAL WITH AND LIVE WITH.
OPPOSITE, FROM TOP: MEMBERS OF ASAN STAGE A PROTEST ON OHIO STATE’S SOUTH OVAL LAWN ON APRIL 20; A REMINDER OF AUTISM AWARENESS DAY MARKS THE SIDEWALK ON THE OHIO STATE CAMPUS; A PROTEST SIGN MADE BY MEMBERS OF ASAN; MEMBERS FROM THE AUTISM SPEAKS STUDENT CHAPTER AT OHIO STATE POSE FOR A PHOTO ON THE SOUTH OVAL ON AUTISM AWARENESS DAY ON APRIL 2.
2005, autism had become the disorder of the decade and the quest for the cure was already underway. “We are out to support as many families affected by autism disorders as possible,” says Kim Niederst, a regional walk director for Autism Speaks, of the organization’s primary mission. “We are out to find the answers to solve this. We are searching for a cure.” The theory of causation behind ASD remains equivocal and incomplete at best, fueling a spectrum of strife and debate that’s as diverse as people with the diagnosis. “Nobody seems to have the right answer and that leads to all of this confusion and push back,” says Jerod Smalley, a father of two autistic, little boys and the anchor of NBC4’s “The Autism Puzzle” special. “Without the right answer, there’s a lot of speculation that other people have the wrong answer. People are frustrated and I think that leads to some of the segmentation.” In no other place in the country is this segmentation in the autism community more apparent than in Central Ohio, home to ASAN’s most active chapter and Autism Speaks’s only student chapter at The Ohio State University. In addition to supporting autistic university students, speaking at academic forums and rallying for statewide insurance coverage for autism treatment, the Central Ohio/Ohio State chapter of ASAN is best known for its protests against Autism Speaks. The chapter picketed Autism Speaks at its fundraising walk in October and again in April on the Ohio State campus. Although Autism Speaks’s official position is to refuse to engage in any war of words with ASAN and instead, “go on with [their] important mission,” Niederst, admits that, based on her conversations with her colleagues, “it doesn’t seem like anybody else is having this big of an issue as we are.” At the heart of the issue is Autism Speaks’s multimillion-dollar budget for autism-related, biomedical research, which reflects, according to Melanie Yergeau, an ASAN board member and president of the ASAN Central Ohio/Ohio State chapter, the organization’s “medical model” approach to disability. She says Autism Speaks places “the burden on the autistic individual rather than putting the burden where it needs to be…a very one-size-fits-all society.” For the self-advocates, more disabling than the disability is the society that construes it. “If we are only seen from a medical model, then we’re seen as pathological beings,” she says. “We’re seen as less than human. We’re seen as people who need pity. We’re seen as people who need help.” In 2006, Ari Ne’eman, a college student at the University of Maryland with an Asperger’s diagnosis, founded ASAN to empower autistic people to self-advocate for issues concerning their rights and welfare, and to champion “neurodiversity,” a buzzword used among “aspies” and “auties” in the autistic subculture that has proliferated in the blogosphere. It’s the idea that atypical neurological differences in people ought to be respected and embraced, much like skin color or sexual orientation, rather than normalized. “The ultimate goal [of ASAN] is developing an autistic culture and empowering autistic people to be
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able to represent themselves and to have the world look at us as human beings with rights, and feelings and emotions—autistic people do have emotions,” says Yergeau. From the beginning, ASAN challenged the objectives of Autism Speaks, condemning the organization on a slew of charges, including its governance’s lack of autistic people in significant decision-making roles, the use of fear-mongering and stereotyping in its fundraising campaigns and, perhaps the most serious accusation, the eugenic implications of an autism cure: Autism Speaks funds research on the prenatal detection of autism using molecular or biological markers on the human genome. Autism-rights advocates fear the discovery of an “autism gene” will enable mothers to screen their unborn children for autism, and ultimately, terminate their pregnancies if the disorder is detected. Approximately 90 percent of fetuses diagnosed with Down syndrome are aborted, according to multiple US and UK studies. Yergeau fears autistic children could meet a similar fate. At her office in the English department at Ohio State where she’s working toward her Ph.D. in rhetoric, composition and literacy, she cites the following Suzanne Wright quote from Parade magazine: “We’re now playing catch-up as we try to stem the tide and ultimately eradicate autism for the sake of future generations.” “For us the corollary to that [statement] is to eradicate autistic people because without autism there aren’t autistic people and that’s a scary prospect for us,” says Yergeau. But for some parents of autistic children, the prospect of living without a cure for autism is even scarier. Melissa Stacey has a 19-year-old son named Christian with a dual diagnosis of Asperger’s and bipolar disorders, and the mentality of a seven-yearold child. Christian’s exorbitant medical bills forced Stacey to file bankruptcy. The stress of taking care of Christian ended her marriage in divorce. Three years ago, her then 16-year-old, 250lb son beat her so badly in one of his violent rages, she crawled to the bathroom and locked the door. The police came and took him away to live in a group home with three boys on the autistic spectrum and 24-hour attendants. She currently sits on the Family Advocacy Council for Autism and while she doesn’t believe a cure will ever exist, she thinks that medical research should continue to investigate the best tools for treating autism. “You know, I love my child for who he is, but it had such a huge impact on my family and my marriage and my finances,” she says. “If I could go back and say I wish it would have been this way, certainly I would. I think every parent would, but he is who God gave me and that is what I have had to deal with and live with.” Her story echoes Neiderst’s concern about autistic individuals on the low-functioning end of the spectrum—that a cure “is necessary so families do not have to struggle with any of the effects of autism.” But for the members of the Autistic Self-Advocacy Network, their autism, regardless of the effects it’s engendered, are intrinsic parts of their distinctive identity. And in a world where they feel misunder-
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WE DON’T NEED TO BE FIXED, ALTERED, CHANGED OR MODIFIED TO FIT INTO AN ALREADY BROKEN SOCIETY. WE JUST NEED TO BE AS IS.
stood and misrepresented, they’re compelled to hold on to that label, subvert its stigma and turn it into something to be proud of. “We don’t need to be fixed, altered, changed or modified to fit into an already broken society,” says Cochran. “We just need to be as is, albeit with accommodations, but be as is. And that our viewpoint, words and thoughts and opinions are valued because they are autistic viewpoints.” Yergeau says that unless Autism Speaks, at its national level, makes systematic changes to its advertising strategies, leadership and funding initiatives, the Central Ohio/Ohio State chapter of ASAN will continue to protest regional Autism Speaks events and will likely never collaborate with Autism Speaks’s local and Ohio State affiliates. For Yergeau, it’s not simply a matter of words; “the language that you use,” she says, “is rooted in very deep ideological premises”—premises that will continue to clash unless ASAN and Autism Speaks can stand on common ground. “It’s like a political debate where both sides have great points, but don’t agree,” says Smalley. “What I think they can learn from each other is tolerance. I think we can all learn more of that and understanding the good that they’re and all of us are trying to achieve. The only problem with that is we may not all agree on what is good.”
OPPOSITE: MEMBERS OF ASAN PROTEST ON OHIO STATE’S SOUTH OVAL LAWN ON APRIL 20. ABOVE: YERGEAU BELIEVES POSTERS LIKE THIS ONE MADE BY STUDENTS FROM THE OHIO STATE AUTISM SPEAKS CHAPTER EMPLOY “FEARMONGERING” TACTICS.
ology 2010 summer quarter
A quick jaunt north of campus lies a vibrant Columbus community that’s bursting with character and flair. Ology profiles a few of the town’s highlights. STORY MARC ROSTAN PHOTOS KAITLIN HOLLOWAY LAYOUT WENDY QI
Mad for Mod Vintage 3292 North High St.
If your retro or kitsch needs aren’t being satisfied by Urban Outfitters, don’t give up hope just yet. Mad for Mod has been a Clintonville fixture since 2003, boasting 4,000 square feet of retail space across three adjoining storefronts. Taken aback about being invited to a Victorian-themed costume party? Mad for Mod has the frilliest of garments from the late 1800s. Want to look professional but yearning to bring back extra-wide neckties circa the Nixon administration? Mad for Mod offers accessories and more up to 1984. Even if you have no need for clothes, this emporium has something for you. Their furniture selection is equally eclectic, so that you might realize your dream of making your apartment look like a secondary set from Leave it to Beaver or Mad Men.
Mozart’s Café 2885 North High St.
If the endless palate of fast food, Chinese restaurants or gyro shops dotting the campus area fails to whet your appetite, take a jaunt a few steps north for a taste of shear elegance. A Clintonville staple for 15 years, Mozart’s is dressed as a classical European pastry shop, along with offerings from the kitchen that you’re hard-pressed to find in the immediate vicinity. Enjoy scrumptious pork tenderloin Gorgonzola or an ever-tantalizing wiener schnitzel, but be sure to save room for Mozart’s specialty: dessert. They offer 19 different cakes, such as the chocolate and apricot decadence that is the Amadeus Torte. They also have over a dozen varieties of cookies, and biscotti for a smaller nibble, as well as a smorgasbord of specialized and imported coffees to wash it all down. A full meal here will never leave you desiring something more. Add in the dainty atmosphere of doilies, chandeliers and the pleasant sounds of live piano and the Mozart’s experience will leave you feeling sophisticated for a fair price.
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Seagull Bags 3343 North High St.
Backpack hanging by the seams? Courier bag showing a little wear? Why not trade up for something more unique? Seagull, transplanted to Clintonville from downtown, isn’t interested in selling you a standard North Face or Jansport bag. Instead, they want to make you an entirely customized bag, made from scratch. The store itself is pretty barren, with nothing sold off the shelf and the only decorations being the spectrum of materials used to build your own distinct product. You select the colors, materials, and whatever else strikes your fancy, even if that includes bringing in external graphics and images. Seagull puts it together regardless. Plus their artistry isn’t just limited to backpacks; therefore, other container-related needs such as laptop sleeves and hardware bags can be manufactured with style. An added nugget of joy is Seagull’s hassle-free shipping, as they’ve been doing as much business on the other side of the world as they do in Columbus.
Karen Wickliffe Books
3525 North High St.
You could try using the shelves labeled as “Victorian,” “Shakespeare” or “Fiction Room” as reference points, but they won’t get you very far in this used bookstore. Browsing the aisles here is like searching through your grandparents’ attic--finding stacks of books anywhere there is space and arranged in any random order they were left. This disorganization reveals an eclectic inventory, highlighting titles as obscure as Cleveland: Confused City on a Seesaw and Sad Hug Mad Hug Happy Hug--A Children’s Story About Death.
3009 North High St.
Owner Jennie Scheinbach states Pattycake Bakery “happens to be vegan.” Call it a good marketing strategy. The confectionery prides itself on using organic ingredients and no trans-fats, but don’t let these components commonly associated with health foods deter you. Their mouth-watering cupcakes give Hostess Ho-Ho’s some competition, and the muffins and cookies always make for a reliable dessert. Should you tire of the same, old thing however, don’t fret. Pattycake is always offering something fresh--dishing out not only seasonal offerings, but also random pastries made from whatever happens to be in their kitchen. One weekend the bakery might offer a raw cheesecake topped with strawberries and sweetened with agave nectar, but mere days later dishes out an intriguing pineapple right-side-up cake to combine everything you’d possibly want in the fruit and a cake into one. Pattycake is inevitably a grab-bag, offering something different every time you walk in that will make your taste buds swell, but let your waistline off the hook.
ology 2010 summer quarter
rooting for the home team Columnist Grant Freking, away from his beloved Cincinnati Reds, catalogues his trip to the Columbus Clipper’s Huntington Park in search of live baseball. STORY GRANT FREAKING PHOTOS JACK MILLER LAYOUT KATIE EVERSON
am a self-proclaimed sports freak. When I do watch television, chances are it’s tuned to ESPN. I also fashion myself as a sports writer, so essentially everything I read relates to athletics. But the thing I love most about sports is actually getting my butt off the couch and attending a sporting event. And no sporting event gets me revved up like a good ol’ night at the ballpark. Growing up in Cincinnati, I was raised a Reds fan. However, since I go to Ohio State, a school more than 90 miles away from the ’Nati, it makes no sense for me to regularly make my way down to the Great American Ball Park. Naturally, I knew about the Columbus Clippers, who are the AAA affiliate of the Cleveland Indians. AAA is one step down from the major leagues for you casual baseball fans. So I knew there would be some major league talent on the field. And after I did some research, I not only learned more about the Clippers, but I was blown away by the reviews of their home, Huntington Park. Huntington Park, which opened on April 18, 2009, is apparently one hell of a place to watch a game. It won the 2009 Ballpark of the Year award from DigitalBallparks.com, BaseballPark.com and BallparkDigest.com. Now, I know you’ve never heard of the those sites and probably don’t care to visit them. Yet, I went to those sites and all the reviews from front to back were essentially slobbering over every aspect of the park. And, mind you, each of the sites’ Ballpark of the Year Awards consider major league parks as well. Thoroughly impressed by everything I read, I knew I had one choice. I had to go to a game there, even if it meant being a loser and going “solo dolo” to the game with nothing but my notebook. The following diary is from a weeknight game against the Charlotte Knights in late April. 5:58 – I arrive around 30 minutes before first pitch. As I enter the park’s home plate entrance, I realize I’ve gotten off to a good start. I paid $3 for parking a short walking distance from the stadium. It cost me $6 for a bleacher
ology 2010 summer quarter
ology 2010 summer quarter
seat in left-field. And, I got a free rally towel upon entry to the stadium! 6:03 – Right after I settle into my seat, I do a 360 and take note of the entire ballpark. There honestly isn’t a bad seat in the place. Toto, we aren’t in Great American Ball Park anymore. Next, I take note of the scoreboard, located in right-center field. Big enough is my conclusion, especially the giant Columbus Dispatch edifice on top of it. There’s also some live music coming from right field, sounds like country music, so my focus goes back to my notes. 6:10 – A pretty cool Dave Matthews band trailer plays on the video board, which previews their June 22 concert in the ballpark. My senses also pick up some breakfast-smelling scent. I turn around and voilà, there’s a Bob Evans stand in the building behind me. I can’t say I’ve ever seen a Bob Evans anywhere besides a short distance off an interstate exit ramp. I also notice the main ticket entrance is in center field, also something I’ve never seen before. I decide to make my way to the gift shop in left center field. 6:14 – The Columbus Clippers gift shop has a wide variety of apparel and toys, including Clippers beanie babies. Don’t act like you didn’t just reminisce. 6:16 – I decide to venture inside the brick building in left field, aptly named the Left Field Building, to see what it has in store. I go up half a staircase and am immediately impressed. The Clippers have murals of some of the players from each of their past teams on the walls. Faces with names such as Carlos Pena and Alfonso Soriano grace the wall. I make my way to the second floor and it doesn’t take long for me to become flabbergasted. 6:18 – If you’re a baseball aficionado, you’ll be blown away by the memorabilia collection. The Hall of Fame bar looks straight out of Cooperstown. 6:25 – On to the third floor. They’ve got bleachers set up à la Wrigley Field to make you feel like you’re watching the game from across the street. By the way, the smell of delicious food found only in baseball stadiums envelops this park. 6:28 – I plop down at a table for the start of the game. “The Way” by Fastball is blaring throughout the stadium. They won’t make it home, but they really don’t care. It looks like it may be a sparse crowd tonight. Huntington holds a capacity of 10,000,
but it doesn’t look like more than a few thousand will make the trip tonight. 6:34 – “The Star-Spangled Banner” is sung, and the sound system makes it echo off the walls of the building. The pregame pump up video resembles something out of Pirates of the Caribbean, with the Clippers boat battling stormy weather to sink the Knights boat. I glance behind me and notice the price for a small beer is $4.75 and it’s four bucks for a bag of peanuts. Yikes. Apparently, minor league parks have major league concession prices. 6:35 – As the first pitch is thrown, a shadow covers the right side of the pitcher’s mound to the first base stands. Alejandro De Aza of Charlotte walks on five pitches. On a nice day, the left field pavilion would probably be rife with tykes crawling on picnic tables and jumping in the inflatable gym. But it’s not happening on this cold, windy, straight-out-of-autumn, April day. 6:45 – Right as I become stationary along the third base line, Stefan Gartrell of Charlotte hammers a ball off the lime green Nationwide Insurance sign to the right of the scoreboard. 4-0 Charlotte. Krash, one of the Clippers’ mascots, walks by and waves hello to me. It looks sort of like a bright green, half chicken, half pterodactyl. 6:49 – I walk behind home plate and am struck by the design of this particular concession stand. It’s open. Thus, one can watch the game while standing in line, which is quite a novel concept. However, it’s like a wind tunnel in this part of the stadium, making this cold day frigid very quickly. Jason Donald puts the Clippers on the board with a shot into the left field bleachers, sending a cluster of youngsters clamoring for the prized home run ball. 6:53 – Next stop is the first base side of home plate, but on my way, I pass a drawing for a Toyota minivan. Maybe in 1015 years I’ll feel compelled to enter that drawing. For now, I’m content with my Maxima. 6:54 – As I stand right of home plate, I’m a witness to increasingly pathetic pitching. As Clippers catcher and Indians prized prospect Carlos Santana walks, I notice a large Time Warner Cable banner attached to the second level. It appears the Clippers broadcast team is situated in open air, surrounded by fans. I hope they have thick skin. Wes Hodges makes it 4-3 with a double to right thanks to some matador defense by Gartrell. 6:58 – One can definitely appreciate the First baseman David Winfree hits a line drive. intimacy of this park, I relish the fact that I can hear the smack of the ball hit the catcher’s mitt. Holy cow. Brian Buscher, who looks like he could be former Red Adam Dunn’s little brother, mashes one off of the Dispatch sign to make it 5-4 Clippers. 7:05 – I settle in down the right field line. Brent Lillibridge of Charlotte walks up to “Respect” by Aretha Franklin. Brent, if you’d like more R-E-S-P-E-C-T, you’re going to have to hit better than .269. 7:07 – My stomach’s starting to growl, I wonder if they accept BuckID here? Lillibridge strikes out and subsequently Michael Jackson’s “Beat It” is played. Cheesy, but I got a good chuckle out of it. 7:12 – The first on-field funny moment of the game comes courtesy of the home plate umpire, who trips over his own feet and goes facefirst into a patch of grass while running down the third base line to cover a potential play at
ology 2010 summer quarter
third base. One of the Clippers coaches holds up ten fingers for the less than graceful fall and the ump can only smile and shrug his shoulders. 7:39 – I manage to drop $9:50 on a chicken quesadilla and a small Dr. Pepper. Although the quesadilla is more cheese than chicken, it isn’t bad at all. Momma Freking’s quesadillas are superior though. As I eat, I watch grown men leap frog over each other between innings in order to win gift cards to City Barbeque. Then, as I walk to warmer pastures in left field, I begin to notice how many recycling bins are present around the park. Two green thumbs up to Huntington Park. As I walk back to the Left Field Building, I contemplate using my rally towel as a headband to keep my ears warm. 7:50 – As I take a seat on the second floor, the third inning isn’t even over yet. The Clippers have put up 11 runs on 14 hits, so the cold weather hasn’t affected the hitting. 7:55 – I move to the rear of the second floor to avoid the wind and sun. High up on the wall, a quote from Ty Cobb reads, “Baseball is a red-blooded sport for a red-blooded man.” I’d agree with that notion Mr. Cobb, but at the moment, I’m feeling anything but red-blooded. Presently, I’m sitting at a table by myself. I’m watching the game on the flat screen. However, it’s a necessary evil in order to get the blood flowing in my right hand so I can keep this diary going. Anything for you readers. 8:11 – I’ve migrated back across the stadium to right field and have taken position on the second deck Home Run Porch, where I’m an arm’s reach from touching the foul pole. As I scan beyond the park, I’d like to compliment the city of Columbus for hitting a home run developing the Arena District. There’s Huntington Park, Nationwide Arena, the Lifestyle Communities Pavilion and not to mention countless bars and restaurants. 8:28 – Since the bullpens are along the first and third base lines, a bench player has to stand next to the bullpen catcher to make sure the catcher doesn’t get drilled in the back. Reminds me of high school… 8:39 – A guy in a green Red Sox hat is going crazy for “Sweet Caroline,” only no one is sharing his enthusiasm. (It’s a Fenway Park tradition). 8:47 – I’m now standing behind the first base line. A middle-aged fellow walks by me wearing an Indians jacket and a Pittsburgh Pirates hat. Some people are beyond saving. 8:50 – After the end of the sixth inning, the score is 12-6 in favor of the Clippers, and I’ve decided to “peace out.” My uncle Randy would shoot me for leaving early, but since the Reds aren’t on the field, I think he’ll cut me some slack. So what I did learn? That Huntington Park is a damn cool place to watch a ball game. I’ve been a regular to Riverfront Stadium and Great American Ball Park. I’ve seen games at old Yankee Stadium, Camden Yards, Fenway Park, Comiskey Park and Jacobs Field. I’d rate Fenway Park 1A, Yankee Stadium 1B, Camden Yards 1C and Huntington 1D. I loved all of them. Well done Columbus, I’ll be back. So long as my car didn’t get trashed in the parking lot of Betty’s Bar.
Clippers reliever Carlton Smith delivers a pitch.
ology 2010 summer quarter
tell it slant
WANE POETIC Could you name a contemporary poet that carries the same fame that poets like Ezra Pound, TS Eliot and Robert Frost did? Columnist Matt Myers couldn’t, so he set off in search of an answer for what exactly removed poetry from the spotlight and robbed it of its former glory. COLUMN MATT MYERS
PHOTO BRYAN KELLING
remember it to this day: freshman English class. The of her poems were found neatly tucked away in boxes among activity was called “Thought Pot,” where everyone would her personal possessions after her death. She is now considered anonymously submit a piece of writing, original or otherwise, to be one of the greatest poets of all time. So, what makes her and everyone would take turns drawing one out of the pot to different then the angst-ridden teenager submitting loosely read. The girl across from me dug into the bowl and withdrew rhyming sentences to the “Thought Pot?” a folded square of paper. She began to read. From her pauses She took the time to understand and learn about her craft; after lines, I could tell it was supposed to be a poem, but that was and this is the distinction between amateur writing and writing the only sign it showed. No metaphors. No theme. No depth. like an amateur. Just like they won’t let teenagers drive without Horrible diction. Worse vocabulary. It was on this day that I a license, inking out the verses of a poem will not end well realized poetry was dead. without proper instruction. While writing poetry won’t cause Poetry has always had a bad rap for our generation. It is a bodily harm, you can certainly massacre the art, and many have. mere shadow of its former glory as an art form. Students dread Dickinson also used it as a way to vent her frustrations and learning it, and prominent magazines such as Vogue no longer her feelings; much like the amateurs quoted above. But she was publish it. Outstanding poets are no longer recognized for their able to write about herself while still removing herself from work outside of their small world. This all begs the question: the work. This made it universally appealing, because after all, where did it all go wrong? people are inherently narcissistic, and want to see themselves in In the art world of today, a man eating paint only to vomit it the pieces they read. back onto a canvas will get more coverage than a Nobel PrizeHaving taken a philosophy of art class, I can say with much winning poet. The days of “Poet-Superstars,” where TS Eliot and certainty that I can’t give advice on what counts and what Robert Frost were fawned over, are gone, doesn’t since the definition of art is still and with them, the respect for the field. hotly debated, and wide ranging to boot. There are still high caliber writers What I can do, however, is remind putting out acclaimed work. Herta novices that they must consider their Muller, the most recent Nobel Prize audience, as practitioners of any art recipient for Literature, counts two form do. All art has an audience, and an books of poetry among her body of work. audience must be engaged. This is why Poetry is no less significant to life and poems, novels, stories, and columns human nature than it was in the past. go through multiple drafts and are Poetry, as an art form, has been even keel refined into pieces worthy of holding throughout its decline. The lack of respect that audiences’ attention, rather than an is not due to its own shortcomings in the amateur’s musings that could only hold recent years. Something else is changing the writer’s attention. public opinion. That is the ultimate goal of any work: I point my finger at the amateurs to hold an audience’s attention. What the who slept through their English classes, artist or writer or journalist chooses to and I can hear it being decried already. do with that attention will be different, “Everyone was once an amateur: we and that is what separates art from need new blood!” proponents of the field journalistic work and pleasure writing. would say. “I’m just expressing myself!” This is also why by the time you view the amateur’s corner would fuss. this, it will have been edited by multiple I understand. This is why I want to people, multiple times and revised from make the distinction between amateur musings on the subject of amateur poetry writing and writing like an amateur, and into something worth reading, I hope. IN THE ART WORLD OF highlight the importance of choosing So, aspiring poets and authors, TODAY, A MAN EATING which pieces are made public. keep writing, but not absentmindedly. PAINT ONLY TO VOMIT IT Take for example the poet who Remember that when your work enters penned the quote that this back page the public domain, it can and will influence BACK ONTO A CANVAS takes its name from: Emily Dickinson. audiences’ opinion of a genre. With a WILL GET MORE COVERAGE an Dickinson was very much an amateur, little work, our generation can redefine THAN A NOBEL PRIZEas she was never once published in a poetry’s bad rap, and just maybe, you can prominent journal in her lifetime. All be the next “Poet-Superstar.” WINNING POET.
ology 2010 summer quarter
ology 2010 summer quarter
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