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Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Inspiration. Antirrhinum.

Antirrhinum,Snapdragon Snapdragonflower flower Antirrhinum, Antirrhinum, Snapdragon flower Antirrhinum, Snapdragon flower [Folding Mechanisms] Antirrhinum, Snapdragon flower [Folding Mechanisms] Antirrhinum, Snapdragon flower

CITAstudio MATERIAL DYNAMICS PROJECT CITAstudio // MATERIAL DYNAMICS PROJECT CITAstudio / MATERIAL DYNAMICS PROJECT CITAstudio / MATERIAL DYNAMICS PROJECT CITAstudio MATERIAL DYNAMICS PROJECT CITAstudio // MATERIAL DYNAMICS PROJECT

[Folding Mechanisms] [Folding Mechanisms] [Folding Mechanisms] [Folding Mechanisms]

Diagram Flower study Diagram // Flower study Diagram / Flower study Diagram / Flower study Diagram Flower study Diagram // Flower study

Open Open Open (Pushed) Open (Pushed) Open(Pushed) Open (Pushed) (Pushed) (Pushed)

Closed Closed Closed (Relaxed) Closed (Relaxed) Closed Closed (Relaxed) (Relaxed) (Relaxed) (Relaxed)

3D Model Studies Longitudinal section

Antirrhinum, Snapdragon flower Antirrhinum, Snapdragon flower

CITAstudio / MATERIAL DYNAMICS PROJECT CITAstudio / MATERIAL DYNAMICS PROJECT Top Top TopTop Top Top

Diagram / Flower Diagram / Flower studystudy

a

b

Top Top TopTop Top Top

Side view

c

Section Section Section Section Section Section

Open Open (Pushed) (Pushed)

Section Section Section Section Section Section

Closed Closed (Relaxed) (Relaxed)

Antirrhinum, Snapdragon flower Antirrhinum, Snapdragon flower

CITAstudio / MATERIAL DYNAMICS PROJECT CITAstudio / MATERIAL DYNAMICS PROJECT Front Front Front Front Front Front

Front Front Front Front Front Front

Side view Side view Side view Side view Sideview view Side

Longitudinal perspective section

Diagram / Flower Diagram / Flower studystudy

Antirrhinum is a genus of plants commonly known as snapdragons or dragon flowers, from the flowers’ fancied resemblance to the face of a dragon that opens and closes its “mouth” when laterally squeezed. The word “antirrhinum” is derived from “antirrhinon” which in turn was derived from Greek anti (αντί), “like,” and rhis “nose”, inus, “of ” or “pertaining to”; thus, “like a nose”, possibly referring to the nose-like capsule in its mature state. Flower cup gets open when laterally squeezed. The aim is to explore the pushing mechanism

Flower cup gets open when laterally squeezed. The aim is to explore the pushing mechanism Flower cup gets open when laterally squeezed. The aim ison to explore the pushing mechanism Flower cup gets open when The aim is to explore pushing mechanism of the flower and implement itlaterally in facade systems with awhile focus aperture size variations. Fascinatation of the flower’s mechanism ofsqueezed. opening laterally A. litigiosum A. pulverulentum Flower cup gets open when squeezed. The aim to explore thethe pushing mechanism ofFlower the flower and implement itlaterally in facade systems with a focus on aperture size variations. gets open when laterally squeezed. The aim isis to the pushing mechanism of cup the flower and implement it in facade systems with a explore focus on aperture size variations. of flower and implement it in facade systems with a focus on aperture size variations. of the thethe flower and implement in facade systems with focus on aperture size variations. of flower and implement in facade systems with aa focus aperture size variations. squezzed, the 3d-study became theititstarting point for theon research Drawings from plant encyclopedia of kinetic systems driven by material behaviour.

Open Open (Pushed) (Pushed)

Perspective Perspective Perspective Perspective Perspective Perspective

Perspective Perspective Perspective Perspective Perspective Perspective

Bottom Bottom Bottom Bottom Bottom Bottom

Bottom Bottom Bottom Bottom Bottom Bottom

Top view

Perspective Perspective Top Perspective section Perspective Top section Perspective Perspective section section section section

A. meonanthum

Side view Side view Side view Side view Sideview view Side

[Folding Mechanisms] [Folding Mechanisms]

ClosedClosed (Relaxed) (Relaxed)

Perspective Perspective Top Perspective section Perspective Top section Perspective Perspective section section section section

Section Section

Section Section

Front FrontTop

Front Front Top Top

Side view Side view Section Section

Side view Side view Section Section

Front Front Perspective Perspective

Front Front Perspective Perspective

Side view Side view Perspective Perspective section section

Side view Side view Perspective Perspective section section

Perspective Perspective section section

Perspective Perspective section section

Side view perspective Top

Open

Closed

Perspective Bottom Perspective Bottom

18 December 2013

[Folding Mechanisms] [Folding Mechanisms]

Perspective Bottom Perspective Bottom

Antirrhinum Majus (Snapdragon flower). Photograph.

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Plant analysis

3d model sections 3d model sections

The method of using a “transparent” vector drawing and visualisations of the three dimentional model of Antirrhinum were inspired by the work of an artist - Macoto Murayama. The idea behind his research is that plants are normally recognized as livings with organic forms. But plants have conflicting elements in the form of inorganic and mechanical structures along with an organic figure. He’s individualizing the inorganic mechanical structures here and it shows plants in a way it diverges from what has been observed until now. For my research 3d analysing should have been a tool that would allow to discover the mechanical structure allowing the movement. Drawings are representing two different conditions (open and closed).

18 December 2013

Study of the section in open/closed conditions

Closed

Open

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Drawings

Side views of a flower in different conditions (1 - closed “passive”, 2 - opened “activated”). Dimentions are given in millimeters.

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Material Prototypes. Component.01. Dynamic relaxation model.

Material prototype.01 (piano wire)

Material prototype.02 (PVC)

Initial studies for tesselation

Dynamic relaxation model

Dynamic relaxation model.01 (Rattan)

Page showing studies of physical model developement in different materials, such as: piano wire, rattan, pvc, glassfiber, brass. Documentation of a Dynamic relaxation workshop with C. Gengnagel, Julien Nembrini.

Rattan bending as basic form-finding principle.

18 December 2013

Model after simulation / First working digital model

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Dynamic change

Scale variations 1

1.. Small scale “Wall element”

2

2.. Medium scale “Suspended ceiling/roof element”

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3. Large scale “Umbrella”

There was an attempt to explore different possible scales of implication of the component. The overall redundancy and inactive layers started to be obstacles in the research process. We had to adress issues of light modulation (how to apply membrane), simplification of component, it’s scale.

A sketch for scheme of different scale proposals

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Images

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Material Prototypes. Membranes. Connections

Model photograph Initial membrane studies and connections of the assembly in rattan

Membrane layout / sketch

18 December 2013

Photograph of the connections

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Documenting the movement

Collage of photographs documenting the transformation of the material prototype.01 of component.01

18 December 2013

Dynamic relaxation model simulation (component.02)

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Component alteration Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Material Prototypes. Component.02

Brass physical model

Material prototype.01 (brass)

Brass physical model

18 December 2013

Dynamic relaxation modeling

Dynamic relaxation model.01

Dynamic relaxation modeling

Component in dynamic change

Mapping of rods topologies, dimensions and material specification

Material prototype.02 (Rattan), Membrane patches (Lycra)

Component in dynamic change

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Optimization studies

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Single component explanatory drawing

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Component Tesselation

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Component connections studies (Analogue, digital)

Connection study, axonometric line-drawing (Tracing paper, pen, editing)

18 December 2013

Connection study (2d-drawing)

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Connection optimization studies. Dynamic relaxation

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Light studies

Shadowplay. Light studies

Film stills, Open / closed

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

MOMA PS1, Long Island, New York. Program OUTDOOR RECREATIONAL AREA

Lounge Pool Bar / Cafe Playground Shelter / Canopy

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Sun radiation analysis

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

TEK5 Analysis

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Form Finding

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Sections

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Preparation. 3d-scanning. Outdoor photography.

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Movie. Vision. References “Twin Peaks”, David Lynch TV series, USA, 1990-1991

“Antichrist”, Lars von Trier Film, Denmark, 2009

“Witch’s Cradle”, Maya Deren and Marcel Duchamp Short film, USA, 1943 The vision. Inspirational movies

18 December 2013

“Melancholia”, Lars von Trier Film, Denmark, 2011

“Mirror”, A. Tarkovsky. Film, USSR, 1975

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Movie. Storyboard.01

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Movie. Storyboard

01

02

03

04

05

Introduction _sq01_sh010 “Woods”

_sq02_sh010 “Pulsar”

“Attractor”

“Slow motion”

Developement _sq03_sh010 “Seaking”

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07

08

09

10

_sq04_sh010 “The Artefact”

_sq05_sh010 “Overview”

“Dynamics”

“Movement”

“The spin”

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12

13

14

15

“Reflections”

“Into the transitional space”

18

19

_sq06_sh010 “Approaching the getaway” 16

17

Climax _sq07_sh010 “Parallel space”

“In the extradimentional space”

20

End _sq08_sh010 “Escape”

The vision. Inspirational movies

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

FLORAELASTICA

Movie. Diagram of the extradimentional space

Artefact

Way (Camera)

Wood Extradimentional space

Artefact’s reflection (simulacrum) Transitional space (Pool)

18 December 2013

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Material Dynamics Project

18 December 2013

FLORAELASTICA

Paul Nicholas, Martin Tamke (CITAstudio, http://cita.karch.dk)


Floraelastica 01