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Primary Energy Consumption

1 THE EUROPEAN UNION OF THE NATURAL GAS INDUSTRY

STATISTICAL REPORT

EUROGAS | Statistical Report

1


Table of Contents Introductory Remarks

3

Definitions and Units

3

Conversion Factors Heat Unit Equivalents

3 3

1. Primary Energy Consumption

4

4 4 5 5

2010 Primary Energy Consumption (PEC) in Eurogas Member Countries 2010 Primary Energy Consumption by fuel (EU) 2010 Share of Natural Gas in Primary Energy Consumption (%) 2010 Primary Energy Consumption (PEC) per capita and per unit of GDP

2. Final Energy Consumption

6

6 6

2009 Final Energy Consumption in Eurogas Member Countries 2009 Final Energy Consumption by fuel (EU)

3. Inland Deliveries of Natural Gas

7

7 7

2010 Inland Sales of Natural Gas by sector in Eurogas Member Countries & EU27 2010 Natural Gas Sales by sector

4. Natural Gas Supplies

8

8 8

2010 Natural Gas Supplies in Eurogas Member Countries & EU27 2010 Breakdown of EU27 Supplies

5. LNG Imports

9

9 9 9

2010 LNG Supplies in Eurogas Member Countries & EU27 2010 Breakdown of EU27 LNG Supplies 2010 Net imports to EU27 from non-EU Countries by type of transport

6. Underground Storage Facilities

10

10

Natural Gas Underground Storages at 1 January 2011

7. Natural Gas Industry in Figures

11

11 11 11 11

Total length of pipelines Number of gas customers Number of employees Number of natural gas vehicles

8. Natural Gas Reserves

12

World Gas and Oil Reserves by region, 2010 World Reserves / Production Ratios, Gas vs Oil (years)

12 12

Unconventional Gas, estimated World Reserves

12

9. Expectations for 2011

13

10. The European Natural Gas Grid in 2011

14

Country codes:

2

Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

AT

BE

BG

CZ

DK

EE

Hungary

Ireland

Italy

Latvia

Lithuania

FR Netherlands

DE

Greece

FI Luxembourg

GR

HU

IE

IT

LV

LT

NL

PL

Portugal

Romania

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

LU United Kingdom

Switzerland

Turkey

PT

RO

SK

SI

ES

SE

CH

TK

| Statistical Report | EUROGAS

UK

Poland


Introductory Remarks The statistical data presented in this report has been collected with the assistance of the national gas associations and member companies of Eurogas. Additionally, for a full picture of the European Union (EU27), data was kindly provided by the natural gas company from Estonia (EestiGas). Malta and Cyprus are not included as they are not supplied with natural gas.

qualities. The data is provided in GCV (gross calorific value). In case the Eurogas data is converted into billion cubic metres, we advise you to use an assumed energy content for 1 m3 of natural gas of 10,83 kWh (GCV), which implies that 1 TWh equals approx. 92,3 million m3 of natural gas. This corresponds closely to the weighted average heat content of all natural gas that is sold in EU.

As a consequence of the increasing number of players in the liberalized European natural gas market and of cross-border trading, it is now increasingly difficult to collect energy data on a national basis. The data shown in this report is based on available national and gas industry information, completed with best estimates, which Eurogas has combined to give the most comprehensive survey at the time of publication. Where no data was available, own estimates have been produced supplemented with data from international organisations in order to obtain an idea of the EU total. Members of the Eurogas Statistics and Forecasting Committee made a substantial contribution to this report.

The classification of the data is made on the basis of the Eurogas Statistical Guidelines available on the Eurogas website.

Conversion Factors Units glossary: MTOE: million tonnes of oil equivalent MJ: Megajoule PJ: Petajoule TWh: Terawatt hour Pcal: Petacalories BCM: Billion cubic metres

Comments and comparisons between 2010 and 2009 refer to the EU totals.

General conversion for units of energy and volume 1 MTOE = 10 Pcal = 41,86 PJ (NCV) = 11,63 TWh (NCV) 1 cubic metre (m3) = 35,315 cubic feet (cf) 1 million m3 of LNG = 593 million m3 of gas

Definitions and Units The gross calorific value (GCV), or higher heating value, measures the total (maximum) amount of heat that is produced by combustion, including latent heat before combustion or generated in the combustion process. The net calorific value (NCV), or lower heating value, excludes this latent heat.

Eurogas conversion factors from volume to energy units 92,3 million m3 gas = 1 TWh (GCV) 1 m3 of natural gas = 39 MJ (GCV) = 10,83 kWh (GCV)

Natural gas in international trade is usually measured on the basis of GCV. Modern technologies in gas combustion are able to capture the latent heat of condensation. But since most current technologies of other fossil fuels are still not able to recover the latent heat, NCVs need to be used rather than GCVs when building an energy balance; therefore natural gas data presented in MTOE (million tonnes of oil equivalent) are expressed NCV. For natural gas, the net calorific value (NCV) is ten percent less than gross calorific value (GCV).

Common conversion factors from Gross to Net Calorific Value: Natural gas: NCV= 0,9 GCV Oil: NCV= 0,95 GCV Solid fossil fuels: NCV= 0,97 GCV Equivalents 1 megawatt hour = 103 kWh (MWh) 1 gigawatt hour = 106 kWh (GWh) 1 terawatt hour = 109 kWh (TWh) 1 petawatt hour = 1012 kWh (PWh)

Natural Gas sales and supplies are stated in terawatt hours because of different national gas compositional

Heat Unit Equivalents GJ 1 Gigajoule (GJ) 1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) 1 Million British thermal units (MBtu) 1 thermie (th) 1 therm

kWh 1

MBtu

th

therm

277,8

0,948

238,9

9,479

10-3

1

10-3

0,86

3,411 10-2

1,055

293,2

1

252

10

4,186 10-3

1,162

3,968 10-3

1

3,968 10-2

0,1055

29,32

1 10-1

25,2

1

3,6

3,411

Figures from this report may be used, provided that reference is made to Eurogas as the source. EUROGAS | Statistical Report |

3


1. Primary Energy Consumption The Primary Energy Consumption (PEC) of a country is defined as the total gross energy supply (indigenous production plus net imports) before any conversion of the primary energy into final energy forms has taken place. Primary energy consumption includes net energy losses in the production of electricity and synthetic gas, refinery use and other energy sector uses and losses (i.e. transformation and distribution losses). Units: Million Tonnes of Oil Equivalent Net Calorific Value.

2010 Primary Energy Consumption (PEC) in Eurogas Member Countries MTOE-NCV

Solid Fossil Fuels

Oil

Natural Gas

Nuclear Electricity

Rene足w足ables*

Electricity net imports

Others

Total

AUSTRIA

12,9

2,3

8,1

0,0

9,7

0,2

0,0

33,2

BELGIUM

21,8

1,9

16,8

12,5

3,0

0,1

0,1

56,8

BULGARIA

4,2

6,6

2,3

3,5

1,5

0,0

0,0

18,0

CZECH REPUBLIC

9,0

18,0

8,5

7,3

2,6

-1,0

0,0

44,5

DENMARK

7,5

3,9

4,4

0,0

3,9

-0,1

0,3

19,9

ESTONIA

0,7

3,7

0,5

0,0

0,4

0,0

0,1

5,4

FINLAND

9,7

6,5

3,8

5,9

9,0

0,9

0,2

36,1

FRANCE

83,0

11,5

42,3

115,7

17,9

0,0

0,0

270,4

111,7

77,0

73,4

36,6

31,6

-1,5

6,6

335,4

17,2

9,5

3,2

0,0

2,0

0,5

0,0

32,4

HUNGARY

6,8

2,8

9,7

4,1

2,0

0,4

0,1

25,9

IRELAND

7,4

2,0

4,7

0,0

0,7

0,0

0,0

14,8

72,1

13,3

68,0

0,0

22,3

9,7

0,0

185,3

LATVIA

1,5

0,1

1,5

0,0

1,2

0,4

0,1

4,8

LITHUANIA

2,6

0,2

2,5

0,0

1,1

0,5

0,2

7,0

LUXEMBOURG

2,9

0,1

1,1

0,0

0,1

0,3

0,0

4,6

NETHERLANDS

31,0

7,6

39,2

0,9

2,1

0,5

2,0

83,3

POLAND

25,3

55,4

12,9

0,0

8,0

-0,1

0,0

101,5

PORTUGAL

11,8

2,8

4,2

0,0

4,8

0,4

0,0

24,0

ROMANIA

9,1

6,2

12,6

2,6

4,6

0,0

0,0

35,1

SLOVAKIA

3,4

3,5

4,7

3,8

1,0

0,1

0,5

17,0

SLOVENIA

2,5

1,5

1,0

1,5

0,9

-0,2

0,0

7,1

SPAIN

62,4

8,3

31,0

16,1

14,7

-0,7

0,0

131,8

SWEDEN

16,1

2,2

1,5

14,3

18,7

0,2

0,0

53,0

UNITED KINGDOM

75,0

31,3

84,6

13,9

8,2

0,2

0,2

213,4 1 760,1

GERMANY GREECE

ITALY

EU

607,4

278,2

442,5

238,8

171,9

10,9

10,4

SWITZERLAND

12,7

0,2

3,0

6,6

4,6

0,0

1,3

28,4

TURKEY

28,7

34,4

35,1

0,0

12,7

0,0

0,0

110,9

*Renewables include hydro electricity domestically produced, biomass, wind solar and geothermal energy

2010 Primary Energy Consumption by fuel (EU) In 2010, natural gas consumption increased by 7% and renewables by 11% compared with 2009. This observed positive parallel trend is expected to continue and to illustrate the role of natural gas as an enabler of the penetration of renewable energy sources. Coal and nuclear each increased by 3%, whereas oil decreased by 1%. 10%

1% 1% Oil

13%

Solid Fossil Fuels

34%

Natural Gas Nuclear Electricity Renewables Electricity net imports

25%

4

| Statistical Report | EUROGAS

Others

16%


2010 Share of Natural Gas in Primary Energy Consumption (%) 50% 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0%

25%

NL UK HU

IT

RO

LT

IE

TR

LV

BE

SK

EU

LU

AT

ES

DK DE CZ

PT

FR

SI

BG

PL

CH

FI

GR

EE

SE

In 2010, primary energy consumption in EU has increased by 3% compared to 2009 to 1760 Mtoe. The share of natural gas in primary energy consumption increased slightly to 25%.

2010 Primary Energy Consumption (PEC) per capita and per unit of GDP TOE

PEC / CAPITA*

PEC / GDP**

AUSTRIA

3,97

0,13

BELGIUM

5,18

0,17

BULGARIA

2,38

0,68

CZECH REPUBLIC

4,23

0,37

DENMARK

3,60

0,10

ESTONIA

3,99

0,48

FINLAND

6,75

0,22

FRANCE

4,18

0,15

GERMANY

4,10

0,14

GREECE

2,87

0,17

HUNGARY

2,59

0,29

IRELAND

3,32

0,09

ITALY

3,07

0,13

LATVIA

2,11

0,38

LITHUANIA

2,12

0,32

LUXEMBOURG

9,09

0,14

NETHERLANDS

5,03

0,15

POLAND

2,66

0,33

PORTUGAL

2,26

0,15

ROMANIA

1,63

0,39

SLOVAKIA

3,12

0,35

SLOVENIA

3,48

0,23

SPAIN

2,87

0,14

SWEDEN

5,67

0,17

UNITED KINGDOM

3,44

0,11

EU

3,52

0,15

SWITZERLAND

3,64

0,09

TURKEY

1,53

0,24

UNITED STATES

7,20

0,21

JAPAN

3,90

0,13

Energy intensity, as measured by PEC per unit of GDP is a measure of the energy efficiency of a nation’s economy. In 2010 the energy efficiency in the EU countries increased slightly to 0,15. Primary energy use per head of population (PEC/Capita) reflects both the geography and the industrial structure of a country. Accordingly, it varies very widely among EU countries. Reflecting an impact of the partial economic recovery, the average primary energy consumption of energy per capita in the EU in 2010 slightly increased in comparison with 2009 to reach 3,52. On average, the EU countries have a slightly lower energy use per capita than Japan, and half the United States.

*Eurostat figures **Eurostat figures: GDP in millions of euro, chain-linked volumes, reference year 2005 (at 2005 exchange rates)

EUROGAS | Statistical Report |

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2. Final Energy Consumption Final Energy Consumption (FEC) is calculated from the sectoral use of energy, for which reliable data is available with a significant time-lag. FEC figures are shown for 2009. FEC is equivalent to Primary energy consumption excluding net energy losses in the production of electricity and synthetic gas, refinery use and other energy sector uses and losses (i.e. transformation and distribution losses). The major part of the difference is accounted for the conversion of primary fuels into electricity. Units: Million Tonnes of Oil Equivalent Net Calorific Value.

2009 Final Energy Consumption in Eurogas Member Countries MTOE - NCV 

Oil Products

Solid Fossil Fuels

Natural Gas

Electricity

Others

Total

AUSTRIA

10,1

0,5

4,2

6,5

4,0

25,3

BELGIUM

21,5

1,2

10,3

6,6

1,6

41,2

BULGARIA

3,5

0,4

1,1

2,3

1,7

9,0

CZECH REPUBLIC

7,3

3,5

5,7

4,6

3,5

24,6

DENMARK

6,8

0,1

1,7

2,7

3,9

15,2

ESTONIA

0,6

0,5

0,1

0,6

0,3

2,1

FINLAND

7,8

0,6

1,0

6,6

8,4

24,4

FRANCE

67,5

4,9

32,6

36,5

13,6

155,0

GERMANY

80,4

8,6

48,8

42,4

27,4

207,6

GREECE

14,6

0,2

0,8

4,7

1,1

21,4

HUNGARY

6,5

0,6

6,0

2,9

2,1

18,1

IRELAND

7,6

0,6

1,6

2,1

0,0

12,0

62,3

2,7

39,0

24,9

3,7

132,7

LATVIA

1,3

0,1

0,5

0,5

1,6

4,0

LITHUANIA

1,7

0,2

1,1

0,7

1,5

5,1

LUXEMBOURG

2,7

0,1

0,6

0,5

0,1

4,0

NETHERLANDS

26,6

1,6

18,6

8,8

5,7

61,3

POLAND

ITALY

21,7

12,0

9,9

10,3

10,8

64,7

PORTUGAL

9,6

0,0

1,4

4,1

2,9

18,0

ROMANIA

7,5

0,6

6,6

3,2

5,6

23,6

SLOVAKIA

2,1

1,0

2,6

2,0

1,6

9,3

SLOVENIA

2,5

0,1

0,6

1,0

0,6

4,8

49,0

1,4

14,6

21,0

4,8

90,8

SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED KINGDOM EU

9,2

0,9

0,5

10,6

10,3

31,5

68,6

2,4

41,8

27,7

3,4

144,0

499,1

44,7

251,8

234,0

120,1

1 149,7

SWITZERLAND

11,5

0,2

2,5

4,9

1,7

20,9

TURKEY

28,6

12,8

11,3

13,3

7,2

73,2

2009 Final Energy Consumption by fuel (EU) Compared with 2008, final energy consumption in EU decreased by 6% to 1150 Mtoe. As a consequence of the economic downturn, final consumption of all fuels decreased in 2009 compared with 2008. In 2009, natural gas use in final energy consumption decreased by 7%, oil products by 7%, solid fossil fuels by 18% and electricity by 6%. Oil products remain the largest component of final energy consumption with a share of 43%.

6

| Statistical Report | EUROGAS

11%

20%

Oil Products

43%

Solid Fossil Fuels Natural Gas Electricity Others

22%

4%


3. Inland Deliveries of Natural Gas Inland deliveries represent deliveries of marketable gas to the inland market, including gas used by the gas industry for heating and operation of their equipment and including losses in distribution. Units: Terawatt hours Gross Colorific Value.

2010 Inland Sales of Natural Gas by sector in Eurogas Member Countries & EU27 TWh - GCV

Residential & Commercial

Industry

Power plants

Transport

Other uses

Total Inland sales

AUSTRIA

28,0

34,8

35,8

0,1

3,3

102,0

BELGIUM

101,2

46,9

67,1

0,0

0,0

215,2

1,3

15,1

10,4

0,5

0,4

27,7

CZECH REPUBLIC

BULGARIA

45,3

47,9

0,0

0,1

1,9

95,1

DENMARK

44,7

11,9

8,8

9,1

0,0

14,8

ESTONIA

1,0

4,5

0,5

0,2

0,3

6,6

FINLAND

1,1

21,6

26,7

0,0

0,1

49,6

FRANCE

312,3

181,0

55,2

1,2

0,0

549,7

GERMANY

410,3

345,0

175,0

2,7

0,0

933,0

GREECE HUNGARY IRELAND ITALY

5,1

10,5

25,3

0,2

0,0

41,1

61,6

17,4

36,2

0,0

11,4

126,6

13,3

7,0

39,6

0,9

0,0

60,8

359,8

171,3

320,6

8,8

17,5

877,9

LATVIA

3,8

3,0

12,1

0,0

0,0

18,9

LITHUANIA

3,3

11,1

17,3

0,0

0,3

32,0

LUXEMBOURG

4,6

4,1

6,8

0,0

0,0

15,5

NETHERLANDS

203,6

95,6

199,1

0,0

8,7

507,0

72,1

77,4

12,6

0,0

4,0

166,1

8,3

13,6

22,5

0,2

7,1

51,6

ROMANIA

40,3

67,7

32,9

0,0

6,0

146,8

SLOVAKIA

24,5

14,6

11,8

0,1

8,4

59,4

SLOVENIA

3,5

6,3

0,6

0,0

0,0

10,5

63,5

200,2

135,6

0,8

0,0

400,1

2,2

5,7

10,5

0,4

0,0

18,8

478,2

191,4

395,6

0,0

27,9

1 093,2 5 649,9

POLAND PORTUGAL

SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED KINGDOM

2 260,0

1 602,6

1 659,0

16,2

112,1

SWITZERLAND

EU 27

22,4

11,0

3,0

0,2

1,8

38,5

TURKEY

67,6

127,3

202,9

0,0

0,0

397,9

2010 Natural Gas Sales by sector The natural gas demand between 2009 and 2010 increased by 7,3% to 5650 TWh. The gas demand growth in the EU27 was explained by a combination of the severe weather conditions and partially by the economic recovery (1,8% real GDP growth1). Some general trends can be distinguished for most of the EU countries.

0,3% 2% 29% 40%

Due to cold weather conditions in 2010, natural gas demand increased strongly by 11% in the residential sector. Another driver of the gas sales growth was the industrial sector which registered 9% recovery in 2010 compared with 2009. The power sector played a large part in the total consumption growth with 3% increase. Higher electricity demand due to the partial economic recovery and switching to gas from other fuels increased the volume of gas used for power generation. Even if transport represents only 0,3% of natural gas sales in 2010, volumes delivered increased by 12% between 2009 and 2010. 1

29% Residential & Commercial Industry Power Plants Transport Others

Source: European Commission, EU interim forecast: Recovery gaining ground, 1 March 2011 EUROGAS | Statistical Report |

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4. Natural Gas Supplies Natural Gas supplies (or inland consumption calculated) are defined as: Indigenous Production + Imports - Exports + Stock changes. Units: Terawatt hours Gross Calorific Value

2010 Natural Gas Supplies in Eurogas Member Countries & EU27 TWh - GCV

Indigenous Production

Russia

Norway

Algeria

Qatar

Other sources*

Changes in stocks**

Other balances

Total Net Supplies

AUSTRIA

19,2

61,9

15,1

0,0

0,0

2,8

7,9

-4,9

102,0

BELGIUM

0,0

5,1

68,7

0,0

64,2

74,6

2,2

-0,4

215,2

BULGARIA

0,6

27,6

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

1,3

-1,8

27,7

CZECH REPUBLIC

1,5

57,8

11,2

0,0

0,0

21,2

7,7

-4,1

95,1 44,7

85,4

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

-35,1

1,2

-6,8

ESTONIA

DENMARK

0,0

6,6

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

6,6

FINLAND

0,0

49,6

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

49,6

FRANCE GERMANY GREECE HUNGARY IRELAND ITALY

8,3

77,1

176,6

73,9

27,0

156,6

30,3

0,0

549,7

123,6

351,2

312,1

0,0

0,0

113,5

46,5

-13,9

933,0

0,0

21,9

0,0

8,1

0,4

10,4

-0,1

0,3

41,1

30,3

70,7

0,0

0,0

0,0

27,5

-1,9

0,0

126,6

4,1

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

56,7

0,0

0,0

60,8

87,8

238,0

39,3

295,7

74,9

147,8

-5,5

0,0

877,9 18,9

LATVIA

0,0

18,9

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

LITHUANIA

0,0

46,6

0,0

0,0

0,0

-14,7

0,1

0,0

32,0

LUXEMBOURG

0,0

3,7

8,0

0,0

1,9

1,8

0,0

0,0

15,5

820,3

37,4

119,4

0,0

0,0

-470,1

0,0

0,0

507,0

47,7

101,4

0,0

0,0

0,0

11,4

3,0

2,6

166,1

NETHERLANDS POLAND PORTUGAL

0,0

0,0

0,0

26,6

0,0

24,0

-0,2

1,2

51,6

116,8

25,2

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

1,3

3,6

146,8

SLOVAKIA

1,1

66,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

-8,9

1,3

-0,1

59,4

SLOVENIA

0,0

5,2

0,0

3,6

0,0

1,6

0,0

0,1

10,5 400,1

ROMANIA

SPAIN

1,2

0,0

37,7

122,0

65,5

173,3

-2,6

3,0

SWEDEN

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

0,0

18,9

0,0

0,0

18,8

665,1

0,0

285,7

11,5

160,0

-44,1

15,3

-0,3

1 093,2 5 649,9

UNITED KINGDOM

2 012,9

1 271,8

1 073,7

541,5

394,0

269,2

107,7

-20,7

SWITZERLAND

EU 27

0,0

9,3

8,9

0,0

0,0

20,4

0,0

0,0

38,5

TURKEY

7,3

187,0

0,0

41,6

19,6

156,5

0,6

-14,6

397,9

Figures are best estimates available at the time of publication. *Including net exports. ** (-) Injection (+) Withdrawal

2010 Breakdown of EU27 Supplies In 2010, indigenous gas production in the EU27 increased by 2% compared with 2009 to 2013 TWh, mainly due to the increase of production in the Netherlands. The largest volume of gas supplied to the EU27 comes from indigenous production, making up 35% of the total net supplies in 2010. The supplies from the traditional EU partners have registered a slight decrease, with Russia at 22%, Norway at 19%, and Algeria at 9%. Qatar has become the fourth EU supplier with a share of 7%, illustrating the growing role of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in the EU gas supply.

Libya 2% Trinidad Tobago 1% Egypt 1% Nigeria 3% Others* 1% Qatar 7% Algeria 9% Indigenous Production 35%

Russia 22% Norway 19%

*Including supplies from sources which can not be identified.

8

| Statistical Report | EUROGAS


5. LNG Imports 2010 LNG Supplies in Eurogas Member Countries & EU27 TWh - GCV BELGIUM

LNG Net Imports 69,8

FRANCE

155,7

GREECE

12,1

ITALY

96,1

PORTUGAL SPAIN

Peru Libya Oman 1% 0,5% 0,2% Norway Others* Egypt 3% 3% 5% Trinidad Tobago 6%

28,7

Qatar 45%

312,0

UNITED KINGDOM

203,8

EU 27

878,2

TURKEY

2010 Breakdown of EU27 LNG Supplies

Algeria 18%

87,0

Nigeria 19% *Including supplies from sources which can not be identified.

In 2010, LNG supplies in EU27 grew by 24% compared with 2009 to reach 878 TWh. The increased LNG receiving capacities in Europe and the available global supply at competitive prices have significantly contributed to this growth. The share of Qatar in the EU LNG imports has almost doubled over the period to reach 45%. The EU LNG regasification capacity more than doubled in the last five years. The 18 LNG terminals in the EU in 2010 provided a total nominal regasification capacity of 175 BCM per year of gas2.

2010 Net imports to EU27 from non-EU Countries by type of transport LNG 24%

Pipeline 76%

In 2010 almost one quarter of the EU net imports was delivered by LNG. This represents a significant increase compared with 2009 when LNG represented only 19% of the total net imports from non-EU countries.

2

Source: IEA Natural Gas Information 2011, page II.58 EUROGAS | Statistical Report |

9


6. Underground Storage Facilities The figures show natural gas underground storage facilities for peak shaving, seasonal variations and strategic security of supply and exclude liquefied natural gas storage. In some countries such as Greece and Spain, LNG storages are strategically as well as operationally significant.

Natural Gas Underground Storages at 1 January 2011 Number of storage facilities

Maximum working volume*

Maximum withdrawal capacity**

AUSTRIA

5

4 744

55

BELGIUM

1

600

12

BULGARIA

1

600

4

CZECH REPUBLIC

8

3 127

52

DENMARK

2

1 020

18

ESTONIA

0

0

0

FINLAND

0

0

0

FRANCE

15

11 900

200

GERMANY

515

46

21 297

GREECE

0

0

0

HUNGARY

5

6 330

72

IRELAND

1

230

3

10

14 747

153

LATVIA

1

2 325

24

LITHUANIA

0

0

0

LUXEMBOURG

0

0

0

NETHERLANDS

3

5 000

145

POLAND

7

1 640

32

PORTUGAL

1

159

2

ROMANIA

8

2 760

28

SLOVAKIA

1

2 785

39

SLOVENIA

0

0

0

SPAIN

2

2 367

13

SWEDEN

1

9

1

UNITED KINGDOM

6

4 350

86 1 453

ITALY

EU 27

124

85 990

SWITZERLAND

0

0

0

TURKEY

2

2 661

18

* Million m3 ** Million m3/day

While the number of physical facilities remained stable in 2010 in comparison with 2009, working volumes increased by 3% and withdrawal capacity by 2%. Many countries are planning to construct new or expand existing storage sites. Thus the number of facilities and working volumes are expected to increase in the coming years.

10

| Statistical Report | EUROGAS


7. Natural Gas Industry in Figures Total length of pipelines*

Number of gas customers (in thousands)**

Number of employees

Number of natural gas vehicles***

AUSTRIA

39 856

1 351

2 700

BELGIUM

71 095

2 886

3 800

241

5 921

59

1 700

61 623

CZECH REPUBLIC

75 939

2 847

4 955

2 700

DENMARK

20 400

396

1 500

0

2 306

43

291

147

BULGARIA

ESTONIA FINLAND

5 608

2 990

37

360

1 100

FRANCE

229 700

11 404

32 000

13 000

GERMANY

443 000

19 400

38 400

89 975

6 713

240

930

702

HUNGARY

86 882

3 534

5 275

56

IRELAND

12 923

642

600

1

283 809

22 230

30 000

740 000

GREECE

ITALY LATVIA

6 035

443

1 264

211

10 000

552

1 750

190

2 934

82

0

369

NETHERLANDS

150 700

7 000

9 500

3 000

POLAND

LITHUANIA LUXEMBOURG

127 774

6 635

36 000

2 100

PORTUGAL

15 647

1 119

600

100

ROMANIA

46 899

2 942

28 869

0

SLOVAKIA

35 003

1 488

4 026

823

SLOVENIA SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED KINGDOM EU 27

4 050

150

490

5

74 200

7 184

6 293

2 942 32 038

3 100

40

250

285 600

23 099

54 178

220

2 043 476

115 800

265 731

957 151

SWITZERLAND

18 352

445

1 550

9 600

TURKEY

24 000

9 540

68 000

3 339

Figures are best estimates available at the time of publication * In kilometres. ** Number of gas customers are counted by number of meters, and include domestic as well as non-domestic (industrial, commercial and other) customers. *** Eurogas and NGVA Europe.

Total length of pipelines At the end of 2010, total length of pipelines, transmission and distribution, increased by approximately 1% in comparison with 2009 representing 2 million kilometres.

Number of gas customers At the end of 2010, the total number of gas customers connected to the EU27 natural gas grid rose by approximately 1% in comparison to 2009, to reach 115,8 million customers.

Number of employees The number of employees in the natural gas industry was stable between 2009 and 2010, with about 266 thousands employees at the end of 2010.

Number of natural gas vehicles The number of natural gas vehicles (NGVs) in EU already today is approaching around one million.

EUROGAS | Statistical Report |

11


30 30 30

Oil Oil Oil

20 20 20 10 10 10

8. Natural Gas Reserves 0

0

0

198019801980

198519851985

199019901990

199519951995

200020002000

200520052005

200920092009

World Gas and Oil Reserves by region, 2010 Natural Gas

Oil

2% 2% 4% 2% 4% 4% 5% 5% 5%

1% 1% 1% 17% 17%17%

8% 8% 8%

Western Europe South & Central America North America Africa Asia Pacific C.I.S. Middle East

41% 41%41% 9% 9% 9%

5% 5% 5% 10% 10%10%

55% 55%55%

3% 3% 3% 9% 9% 9%

31% 31%31%

Total proved reserves at end 2010: 187 TCM (1012 m3) Source: BP

Total proved reserves at end 2010: 1383 billion barrels

World Reserves / Production Ratios, Gas vs Oil (years)

2010

Oil Natural Gas

In 1980, the R/P ratio for gas was about 56 years, and for oil 29 years. By 2010 (30 years later), the gas R/P ratio had increased to 59 years. This reflects the fact that discovery of gas reserves has outstripped production and use of gas.

1980

Source: BP 0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

Unconventional Gas, estimated World Reserves (in TCM) New production techniques mean that ‘unconventional’ gas can now be produced from shale, coalbed methane, and other ‘tight’ formations. It is difficult to predict the reserves and how much is recoverable. There are no reliable industry estimates of how much unconventional gas there may be worldwide. Volumes are believed to be many times larger than the conventional reserves referred to above.

North America

112

110

85

58

23

Europe

50 26

40 10 5 South America

10

8

Asia Pacific

60

91

Middle East & Africa

0

199

70

40 7

Former Soviet Union

20

16

49

51

1

Conventional gas Shale Tight Coalbed methane NB Conventional gas: proved reserves Unconventional gas: resources

12

| Statistical Report | EUROGAS

Sources: BP Statistical Review 2011 - Proved reserves; Kawata & Fujita, GDF SUEZ Global Gas & LNG and EIA/Advanced Resources International - Unconventional gas reserves


9. Expectations for 2011 According to Eurogas estimates, gas demand in the EU decreased by 9% (around 25 bcm)3 in the first six months of 2011 compared with the same period in 2010. The main driver for the decline in natural gas consumption was the mild temperature in the first half of the year, compared with the very cold weather in early 2010. In particular in the residential and commercial sector, gas consumption in the first quarter of 2011 was significantly below the 2010 level, as the beginning of 2011 was not characterised by extraordinarily cold days. The decline in gas demand this year so far has been sharper in countries where home and office heating makes up a large share of gas demand. In addition, in the power sector, the market conditions have favoured coal consumption so far through 2011, more than in 2010. In the industrial sector, the gas consumption has been flat compared with 2010. Indeed, although the EU-27’s industrial production index showed signs of partial recovery at the beginning of 20114, the mild temperature of the first half of 2011 counterbalanced this effect. Taking 2011 as a whole, the consumption of gas should be lower compared with 2010. Given the exceptionally cold weather conditions throughout 2010, the coldest year in western and northern Europe since 19965, preliminary estimates indicate an overall reduction of 5-7% compared with last year, which would correspond to an annual consumption in 2011 of 495-485 bcm. Over time, Eurogas expects that natural gas demand will resume its growth. Based on the highly efficient, proven technologies and environmental friendliness of natural gas, Eurogas anticipates that gas will continue playing a key role in energy supply and contribution to a realistic EU climate policy.  ased on terawatt hours, the applied calorific values (10,83 kWh/cubic metre GCV; 11,63 TWh/MTOE NCV; NCV = 0,9 GCV) B are representing a European average. 4 Eurostat, Industrial output in the EU and Euro area - Issue number 36/2011 5 World Meteorological Organization 3

EUROGAS | Statistical Report |

13


10. The European Natural Gas Grid in 2011

Snøhvit

Reykjavik

Heidrun

Asgard

Gullfaks

Statfjord Brent

Troll St. Petersburg

Frigg Helsinki

Oslo

Heimdal

Tallinn Sleipner Britannia

Stockholm Nynashamn

Draupner

Moscow Riga

Ekofisk

Tyra

Teesside Dublin

Vilnius

Copenhagen

Morecambe

Minsk

Swinoujscie Groningen Bacton

Milford Haven

Gate

London

Berlin

Zeebrugge

Warsawa

Essen

Isle of Grain

Kiev

Dunkerque Brussels

Antifer

Prague

Paris

Montoir

Munich

Vienna

Bern

Ferrol

Gijon

Chisinau

Bratislava Budapest

Milan Zaule

Tiflis

Ljubljana Zagreb

Bilbao Rovigo Monaco Fos Faster

Lisbon Sines

Livorno

Fos Barcelona Tonkin

Madrid Sagunto

Mallorca

Krk

Bucharest Sarajevo

Belgrade

La Spezia Istanbul Marmara Ereglisi

Skopje

Rome

Fos Cavaou

Sofia

Podgorica

Tirana

Ankara

Ibiza Huelva

Kilis

Izmir Cartagena

Izmir

Aleppo

Athens

Algiers Tunis

Revithoussa

Porto Empedocle

Rabat

Nicosia

Valletta

Homs Beirut

Tel Aviv

Tripoli

Moscow

14

| Statistical Report | EUROGAS

Cairo

Damascus

Amman


Notes

EUROGAS | Statistical Report |

15


Objectives of Eurogas ➤ T  o help improve knowledge of natural gas, of its performances and of its use; ➤ T  o promote the development of natural gas in Europe particularly in the legal, economic, technical and scientific areas, to prepare studies and to promote cooperation within the gas industry;

➤ To promote the smooth functioning of the European internal gas market and to take stance Hammerfest

Alta on issues of interest to the European natural gas industry with respect to international and supraMurmansk national organizations including, but not limited to the European Institutions and to public opinion. Reykjavik Kiruna Siglufjordhur

Membership of Eurogas

Rovaniemi

Mo

Sverdlovsk

Skelleftea

Perm

Umea

Torshavn

Kirov

Trondheim

Bergen

Uppsala

Leningrad

Liepaja

Cork

Liverpool

London

The Hague

Essen

Luxembourg

Paris

Nurnberg Stuttgart

Strasbourg Bern

Clermont-Ferrand

Lyon

Milano

Marseille

Monaco

Madrid

Lisbon

Valencia Cordoba

Naples

Palma

Malaga

Casablanca

Algers Oran

Annaba Constantine

Tirane

Braila

Tiflis Yerevan

Tabriz

Zonguldak

Istanbul

Ankara Bursa

Patrai

Vallelta

Batna

Poti

Constanta

Burgas

Xanthi

Mosel Adana

Antalya

Athens

Catania

Tunis

Ordzhonikidze Sochi

Varna

Sofia

Palermo

Gibraltar

Krasnodar

Odessa

Bucharest

Skopje Bari

Frunze

Izmir

Sevilla

Rabat

Cluj

Timisoara Belgrade

Rome

Barcelona

Krivoy Rog

Sarajevo

Firenze

Astrakhan

Arad

Pecs Zagreb

Kharkov

Dnepropetrovsk

Chisinau

Graz Ljubljana

Venezia

Salamanca

International associations

Tangier

Vaduz (LIECH.)

Guryev

Volgograd

Kiev Vinnitsa

Lvov

Bratislava Budapest

Vienna

Voronezh

Gomel

Lutsk

Ostrava

Genova

Toulouse

Valladolid

Coimbra

Geneva

Bordeaux Bilbao

Brno

Minsk

Voronezh

Wroclaw Breslau

Prague

Orel

Warsaw Lodz

Lubin

Saratov

Mogilev Lida

Olsztyn

Poznan

Bonn Frankfurt Am Main

Le Havre

Nantes

Berlin

Amsterdam

Brussels

La Coruna

Gdansk

Hamburg

Kuybyshev

Kaluga

Smolensk

Vitebsk

Vilnius

Copenhagen

Leicester

Plymouth

Porto

Klaipeda

Leeds

Tol Yatti

Moscow

Riga

Vejle

Sunderland

Gorkiy

Rostov

Pskov

Goteborg

Kazan

Yaroslavl

Novgorod

Tallinn

Stockholm

Inverness

Ufa

Vologda

Helsinki

Gavle

Oslo

Aleppo

Baghdad

Nicosia Khania

Iraklion

Beirut

Damascus

Eurogas is a Brussels based non-profit making organization and has the following members: Gafsa

Sfax

Tel Aviv

Amman

Marrakech AFG - Association Française du Gaz (FR), AGN (PT)*, ANIGAS (IT)*, BDEW - Bundesverband der Energie- und Wasserwirtschaft e.V. (DE), Tripoli Ouargla Bord Gáis Éireann (IE), BOTA (TR)*, BP (UK), Bulgargaz (BG)*, Centrica (UK),Misratah CPU - Czech Gas Union (CZ), DEPA (GR), Distrigas (BE), DONG Alexandria Port Said Banghazi Suez Energy (DK), EDF - Electricité de France (FR), Edison (IT), EGL AG (CH), ENA - Energy Network Association (UK),Cairo Energie-Nederland (NL), Energigas Sverige (SE), ENI (IT), ENOVOS Luxembourg S.A. (LU), E.ON Ruhrgas AG (DE), Febeg (BE), FGW - Fachverband der Gas- und Wärmeversorgungsunternehmungen (AT), Galp Gás Natural s.a. (PT), Gas Natural Fenosa (ES), GasTerra (NL), Gasum (FI), GAZBIR* Natural Gas Distribution Companies Association of Turkey (TR), GDF SUEZ (FR), Geoplin (SI), GERG - European Gas Research Group (EU), HMN Naturgas (DK), Latvijas Gaze (LV)*, Lietuvos Dujos (LT)*, Marcogaz (EU), MGE - Hungarian Gas Association (HU), Naftogaz of Ukraine (UA)*, OMV Gas and Power GmbH (AT), PGNIG - Polish Oil and Gas Company (PL), Romgaz (RO)*, Russian Gas Society (RU)*, RWE Supply & Trading GmbH (DE), SEDIGAS - Asociación Española del Gas (ES), SHELL Energy Europe Ltd. (UK), South Hook Gas Ltd (UK), Slovenský plynárenský priemysel, a.s. (SPP) (SK), Swiss Association of Gas Industry (CH), Swissgas (CH), Synergrid (BE)*, Total S.A. (FR), VNG AG - Verbundnetz Gas AG (DE). *Associate Members

THE EUROPEAN UNION OF THE NATURAL GAS INDUSTRY

Av. de Cortenbergh 172, box 6 • B-1000 Brussels • Phone +32 (0) 2 894 48 48 • Fax +32 (0) 2 894 48 00 WWW.EUROGAS.ORG 16

| Statistical Report | EUROGAS

Chelyabinsk

Izhevsk

Vaasa Tampere

Lerwick

Dublin

Syktyvkar

Arkhangelsk

Lulea

Published in December 2011


Statistics 2011 09 12 11