OLIVER MANTHORPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO
Form Design 2
Plane, Surface, Volume
Shapes carving shapes
Winton Guest House
Lee 1 - Clemson
Structure Design 26
The 606 - Chicago
Re[Zone] - Detroit
Form Design “One of the strangest things is the act of creation. You are faced with a blank slate—a page, a canvas, a block of stone or wood, a silent musical instrument. You then look inside yourself. You pull and tug and squeeze and fish around for slippery raw shapeless things that swim like fish made of cloud vapor and fill you with living clamor. You latch onto something. And you bring it forth out of your head like Zeus giving birth to Athena. And as it comes out, it takes shape and tangible form. It drips on the canvas, and slides through your pen, it springs forth and resonates into the musical strings, and slips along the edge of the sculptor’s tool onto the surface of the wood or marble. You have given it cohesion. You have brought forth something ordered and beautiful out of nothing. You have glimpsed the divine.” In this section, I highlight some works through out my career that I feel have captured what it means to design with only form in mind.
Plane, Surface, Volume
â€œFirst comes the point, which has no dimensions; then the line, which connects several points and has one dimension; then the plane, which connects several lines and has two dimensions; and finally the volume; which connects several planes and has three dimensions.â€? James Fox Given the three sections I created works that I believe represent what plane, surface, and volume represent.
Shapes Carving Shapes
Two seperate objects create their own experience and each tell a unique story. With this project, we created objects that interacted with a wireframe box. These objects interacted with the box by occupying space inside and outside while still remaining seperate objects. From there i looked at the space that is shared within the two objects and represented how the two affected eachothers boundaries by creating a solid model.
Boolean unison model
Boolean unison model
Structure Analysis “Today’s scientists have substituted mathematics for experiments, and they wander off through equation after equation, and eventually build a structure which has no relation to reality.” -Nikola Tesla Almost nobody has created a genuinely original idea in decades. We all take in influence from all around us and use that to shape our ideas. Every idea that we have is built off something we have been exposed to. As architects, this is why it is so important to have a vast exposure to succesful pieces of work. With these projects i analyze existing structure and breakdown what goes into the design. I use this information to then turn it into a illustration of my understanding.
Winton Guest House
The winton Guest House by Frank Lloyd Wright is one of his smaller works but also one of his most unusual. Wright used additive construction to create a space that gives the appearance of 5 sperate spaces coming together. In the following pages, i analyze the make up of his design through elevations, sections, plan drawings, exploded drawings, and perspective drawings. I then take this information to Create analytical models that represent the partitions of the building. Finally, i took a look at the interior space and the experience created by the use of light in the space.
Elevations and floor plan
Lee 1 - Clemson
Lee 1 is the location of the Architecture studio. As many architecture students, this building meant so much more than just walls and floors. So many emotions are associated with this building, good and bad. What i am illustrating in this drawing is the approach to studio at night. This is what i picture when i think of clemson. I picture walking up to studio, seeing the lights that never turn off shining through the trees, and the polorizing feelings that the interior and the exterior areas are associated with.
Campus Building Given a designated building on the Clemson Campus, we then analyzed the deisgn of the facade. This was done finding grids, patterns and details that complete the building. Our analysis consisted of making models and drawings that eximplorated what hidden design factors went into the design of this facade.
Approximately 35% of the countries poulation lives in the Santiago area. This means that about 6 million people are located in this dense region. The following spreads depict how the majority of the population lives in this dense area. This is shown through a figure ground of the entire area that highlights the most dense regions nd taxonimies that show deifferent conditions that are found in this region.
Structure Design â€œI am intrigued with the shapes people choose as their symbols to create a language. There is within all forms a basic structure, an indication of the entire object with a minimum of lines that becomes a symbol. This is common to all languages, all people, all times.â€? - Keith Haring Many homes and structures are just abstract attempts at art. We as a people do not exist in art exhibits and should not be steering towards that direction. With these projects i analyze existing structure and mold my understanding of what a structure means to create a structure that works for and with the people that would accupy it.
Givin a space on the clemson campus, we each were givin the task of using a precident study to create a museum on campus. I studied the Museum of Fantasy in Bernried, Germany, by Benisch Architects. What i tried to take from my precidents was the large cantalievering, staggared floors. Along with this, i utilized the relationship of materials like glass, brick, and white concrete to create a appealing facade that also fit with the master plan of the campus. With my design, i focused on the visitors experiece within the structure. I utilized lighting, space, and movement to cretate a space that would allow the campus to use the building for many different purposes throughout the future while still being effective and powerful.
the 606 - Chicago
The 606 is an area in chicago that was trasformed from a railroad into a greenway that is utilized by many of the surrounding residents for travel, excersize, and leisure. With this project, we were given a section of the 606 where we would design a covered and air conditioned rest stop of 500 square feet. In a small group we studied the area, how people used the space, and decided to utilize one of the entrances to frame our focus. We set out to create a natural flowing structure that fit along with the mood set by a nearby park. This form includes a glass pod that is wrapped by a mesh that includes vinary for shade. The following pages depict the final sections, plans, and model that was presented.
Tensile Structures are essentially made up of vertical and/or diagonal members stretching a fabric. Tensile structures create shade, atmosphere, and are very durable. They are usually lightweight and inexpensive. Tensile structures are good for a variety of applications in architecture. The tensile structure I creates followed the size specifications and requirements outlined. In my design, I attempted to utilize a basic hypar form. I combined two hypar forms to create a large interior cavity as well as two separate cavities on the exterior. When approaching my initial thoughts of design, I decided that I wanted to focus capitalize on one of the main purposes of a tensile structure which is to save cost in material. I did this by using only four wooden members to hold up the entire fabric while creating many cavities and usable spaces. I positioned my frame to act as a catenary system in pure tension. These beams were positioned to counteract the tension forces from the fabric pulling it inward. I anchored points to the ground and to vertical members to create depth and difference in interior space.
It is a well-known fact that the most stable 2 dimensional object is a triangle. Most bridges use some form of a triangle to create their form and structure. With my design, I wanted to divide the 24inch span by joining many 2inch triangles together, end to end. I decided on my design by studying the â€œThrough Warrenâ€? truss design but without the vertical members. My reasoning behind this was that the compression and tension strength of the members would increase when I decreased the span that each piece had to cover. Double layering each triangle, I believe this gave added support. The next task that I set out to achieve was to create a slight arch in order to counteract the force that would be acting on my structure, wanting collapse the structure inward. I did this by slightly varying the length of one side of each triangle in assembly. Another way that I added support was cross bracing beams that are positioned perpendicular and horizontally across the width of the bridge. This is used in many bridge designs and is supposed to add stability when executed properly by reducing sway and rotation.
Re[Zone] - Detroit
With this project, we focused on the city of Detroit and have been given the task to analyze urban decay. We had been challenged to focus soley on infill sites across the city. What i took from my research is that Detroit is affected by wide spread forclosures and abandoned buildings. This and other factors are seperating Detroit and its people. My approach was to create a space that the people of Detroit would come together to eat and interact; to create a sense of a welcoming home that peolpe may not feel elsewhere. My approach on how to do this was to create a structure that gives a feeling of a homelike building, through the use of gables and warm materials, while also giving a modern twist to a convential design of a gable roof and rectangualar form.