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Oliver Spicer A2 Essay In this essay I will be exploring all the different elements and techniques that can be used to create an outcome. These outcomes may be very much in the control of the artist , where as others may just have control of the installation whilst the outcome is very spontaneous. I will also be exploring how dripping of substances can envelop a controversial element between control and chaos.

Rebecca Horn Rebecca Horn is a German

installation artist and film director. Horn practices in body art, with using different media’s including performance, installation art and film. I became interested in Rebecca's art after looking at her “pencil mask” she created which is made up of six straps running horizontally and three running vertically, where the straps intersect pencils are attached. Then by moving Horn's head the pencils will create a mark in correspondent to the movement. I find this to be a very interesting, surreal way of how to create a composition, by moving Horns head she is still able to offer some

Control of the pencils and although it doesn't allow the same mobility from just using her hand. I think that this is a very important factor to recognise about this body art, all over the world people are able to draw, write or even scribble as hands have become a utensil used to do such tasks, so by taking away the norm that is the hand, that whole original concept of drawing, writing etc. has been taken away. I feel that the whole process of creating and then drawing the composition poses as much more important part of her work compared to her outcome. Often when a much more difficult challenge such as drawing with your head is introduced you find yourself putting far more effort and concentration into the drawing as it is a new never experienced way of drawing. By being apart of the drawing Horn has a much more intimate experience where she closely monitor her work as she is drawing it, in comparison to other artists such as Lois Farningham who takes a slightly different approach.


Horns description of

her work.‘All pencils are about two inches long and produce the profile of my face in three dimensions...I move my body rhythmically from left to right in front of a white wall. The pencils make marks on the wall the image of which corresponds to the rhythm of my movements.’‘All pencils are about two inches long and produce the profile of my face in three dimensions...I move my body rhythmically from left to right in front of a white wall. The pencils make marks on the wall the image of which corresponds to the rhythm of my movements.’

Lois Farningham Lois Farningham graduated from The Barlett school of architecture in 2007, this year she has completed her MA in Fine art at Camberwell where she researched transformable materials, active agents and potential energy. I chose to look at Farninghams works after working with different materials in my coursework, there I used treacle and found that Farningham also experimented with it. Unlike Rebecca Horns pencil mask Lois has virtually no control over the final outcome, she just works with the process of putting together the sculpture and then allowing the treacle to create its own art. This was what I found to be the case in my own experiments with treacle, the thick slow exterior allowed a continuous flow of treacle creating a different outcome with each experiment.

Farninghams work shows that she focusses on the transformation of her art over time which is her main goal for her viewers to witness. I think this is because it allows the viewers to watch and anticipate the the path and movement of the treacle , as though the treacle has seduced the spectators by its slow progressive movements. This is quite similar to Horns work as her spectators are able to witness the progression as her work expands into her outcome. I went to see one of Farninghams exhibitions where she unveiled her latest work 'specious present.' I felt that new installation really stretched the spectators mind into an almost hypnotic state where you stand there mesmerised anticipating how the treacle will land on the floor.

By allowing the viewers to witness the installation as it creates its own art really pushes boundaries in allowing each spectator to visualise the final outcome before it arrives. In that sense , the viewers are very much a part of the installation and the progression. Another artist who brings the spectators into their work is Jackson Pollock with his enormous canvas’s avalanching down on whoever views.

Jackson Pollock Jackson Pollock was an influential American painter in the early 90's and is seen as a major figure with the abstract expressionism. Pollock’s technique of working would be to pour and flick paint using sticks and knives onto an unstretched canvas which had been attached to a hard floor or wall. This allowed him to walk around his work and almost become a gesture of the painting. Due to lack of traditional methods his work was an important land mark in post war international art.

Unlike Rebecca Horn and Lois Farningham, Pollocks work isn't as random as it seem: “I want to express my feelings rather than illustrate them... I can control the flow of paint: this is no accident, just as there is no beginning and no end.� I particularly enjoy Pollocks 'yellow island' which reveals a much darker more melancholic side of him. It was thought that 'yellow islands' was to indicate his alcohol addiction. I feel that that could be a good interpretation of his work , as the black paint is almost like the movement of his mind as it goes from being sober to incapacitated, the small amount of colour could be showing how his mind slowly deteriorates until it is overrun in a drunken state. For Pollock, his work is all about being the image and the art is the emotion; nothing portrays this better than his work ' Autumn Rhythm' where due to its colossal scale of the piece amerces the spectator into the canvas. Every area of the canvas is filled with activity which could be showing a continuous movement, almost narrative entitlement of Pollocks life. It may be suggested that Pollocks subconscious guided his hands to create his canvas's.

This may be due to his manic depressive state he was in whilst painting his masterpieces. He also tended to smoke a lot whilst working on his canvas cases ash to fall over his work, I think this added to his melancholic side, but could also be seen as a visualisation of his struggles with addiction.

Chrissy Angliker Chrissy Angliker was born in Switzerland where her artist flares birthed at an early age, where she worked with stone, clay and found objects. In 1999 Angliker moved to the US to study fine art at Walnut hill school. From there she developed skills in 3D design, and relationships between objects and creating character through form. Her art focuses on visually translating her perception of herself in relation to the world.

The work I enjoy most about Angliker is her red series where she mixes red and black together to show the control and chaos in life. The black and white space is showing the control and balance with in society where as the red is the contrasting element, the most emotive colour enveloping the canvas in chaos. “for every intentional mark, there follows a free-falling drip, challenging it.� I think that this is a very powerful visualisation of how there are always two opposite elements in life which everyone has to face, and how there will always be two forces (like a magnet) that will push and pull against a situation interfering with the outcome. Both Angliker and Pollock use dripping and painting to tell a story, for that reason they are similar, but Pollocks work is all about himself , he is part of the art. Pollocks work is personal to him and his problems he faces in life, where as Angliker's work is based on how she views herself with in society, and how society is facing a continuous battle with itself.

It could be suggested that Angliker has mixed bother the black and white with the red to show the confusion and uncertainty that herself as an artist may face with in life. By having a mix of the colours it can be invoking that Angliker doesn’t understand or agree with either side of the debate causing a (on the fence) dilemma which is why there is no permanent primary colour.

What I've found out . All four of these artist share similar characteristics as well as very different contrasts. Whilst some have complete control over the outcome like Pollock , others like Lois Farningham , allows the process to be the art, leaving the outcome spontaneous. While Pollock uses his dripping technique to envelop something personal to him such as his alcohol addiction, Angliker uses it to symbolise the tough choices made in society and the crossover between control and chaos.

After exploring into the different elements other artists have used with creating an installation and or body art, or the different techniques used for dripping substances and the symbolisation the drips can represent I feel that I will be able develop my methods further portray a whole new meaning behind my work.

Bibliography • *******

The A-Z of Art, Nicola Hodge and Libby Anson. Carlton Books Ltd, 1996.

The Art Book. Phaidon Press Ltd, 1997.

Art: The Definitive Visual Guide, Andrew Graham-Dixon. Dorling Kindersley Ltd, 2008.

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