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Convention on the Rights of the Child Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Second, the document does not clarify the implementation of stakeholders’ consultation and participatory processes. The Rio Declaration Principle 10 states, “Environmental issues are best handled with participation of all concerned citizens, at the relevant level. At the national level, each individual shall have appropriate access to information concerning the environment that is held by public authorities.” The Dublin Principles support the participation of all stakeholders, particularly women, since they have a vital role in environmental management and development. Their full participation is therefore essential to achieve sustainable development. Another worrisome aspect of the Zero Draft is the silo approach to different sectors such as energy, water, and agriculture. Statements from the Stockholm Water Conference and the Bonn Conference specifically address the need to incorporate a nexus or cross-sectoral approaches to all these areas. For example, national strategies need to address the existing relationship between water and energy in order to combine their priorities. In some countries, national water authorities do not review energy development proposals that might affect water resources. This can have a detrimental impact in a country’s water availability and other sectors that depend on them. Consequently, the document needs to establish the importance of promoting resourceefficiency with a special consideration toward water. The document does a poor job in establishing the role that the private sector will play to reach sanitation and water access goals. The UN estimates it would cost an additional USD 30 billion to provide access to safe water to the entire planet. Member States and IFIs have expressed the need for increasing the private partners’ participation within the water sector. The Zero Draft should express the need to establish clear guidelines to guarantee that these interactions between governments and private partners are successful. Governments need to protect the welfare of the citizens while meeting increasing demands for water at an affordable cost. Public private partnerships might be one of the key components for solving the challenge of providing water access to millions of people in the world.

Zero Draft 2.0: Chair suggestions and Revised Text The Zero Draft has been under revision since the negotiations started in January 2012. Some of the paragraphs and references of human right to water have been reworded or removed. In addition, the majority of the water-related text is part of the Framework of Action presented in Part V of the outcome document. During the negotiations, the outcome text grew to more than 200 pages, which clearly slowed down the process. The co-chairs of the Rio+20 process prepared a new text to facilitate the negotiations between Member States. The text delivered on April 17, 2012 is known as the Co-chairs Suggested Text (CST). A new text, known as the New Co-chairs Suggested Text (NCST) emerged during the second round of “informal-informal” negotiations on the zero draft in late April. The original document has been reduced 100 pages. However, only seven percent of the text has been agreed on. Because of the lack of progress of the negotiations, Member States gave the Co-Chairs the authority to deliver a new compromise text for the “emergency negotiation session” at the end of May.

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Rio+20: A Water Guide for Young Water Experts  

Water will be a central component of the Rio discussions due to its role in the green economy. Furthermore, water management structures will...

Rio+20: A Water Guide for Young Water Experts  

Water will be a central component of the Rio discussions due to its role in the green economy. Furthermore, water management structures will...

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