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Portfolio Urban Design 01

Hammarby Sjöstad Redevelopment Project Kurs i Hållbar Urban Planering och Design, Hösten 2011

02

Hong Kong Airport Urbanization Project Urban Design Studiokurs, Våren 2012

03

Beckholmen Sustainable Public Spaces Project Kurs i Hållbar Design av Offentliga Platser, Hösten 2012

04

Sustainable Moabit Berlin Project Utbyteskurs i Berlin i Samarbete med TU Berlin, Hösten 2012

05

Hållbar Urbanisering av Enköpingsvägen i Sundbyberg Examensarbete i Hållbar Urban Planering och Design, Våren 2013

00


Hammarby Sjöstad 2.0

Inventory and Analysis

Nacka Preserve Undeveloped Forest Urbanized Parks

Tram

Water Transit Metro Tram Regional Train Bus

9%

Bus Bicycle

Vertical Farming Unit

Personalized Information Technology

2025 Per Person 60 kwh/m² 460 kg/year 150 l/day 554 kg/year

2040

1 027 073 27938 Total 1 676 280 kWh/m² 12 850 tons/year 4 191 000 l/day 15 478 tons/year 290%

Per Person 60 kWh/m² 460 kg/year 150 l/day 554 kg/year

1 207 073 32834 Total 1 970 040 kWh/m² 15 104 tons/year 4 925 000 l/day 18 190 tons/year 395%

Vertical Growing Bags Solar panels

Flexible mushroom farming units for cleaning the water

Integrated Spaces: Solar Roadways

Energy storage Water storage

Energy storage Water storage

Shared Personal Transportation

Store Electric Construction Vehicles

Restaurant Retail

Apartments

Energy storage

1 (r&k)

Distrubution of Flat Sizes in Hammarby Sjöstad

2 (r&k)

Based on the prognosis made by the municipality of Stockholm the population of Hammarby Sjöstad is expected to rise from todays 15 000 to over 30 000 inhabitants by the year 2030. This change poses a challenge for both the residents lifestyles and the built environment.

3 (r&k) 4 (r&k)

15%

4%

13%

Food Processing/Manufacturing

Retail Unit

Energy storage

Stores Apartments

Water storage

Energy

Foo d

Water Waste Products

Regional Production

Key Concepts Beyond Sufficiency

Mushrooms to Clean

Based on the prognosis made by the municipality of Stockholm the population of Hammarby Sjöstad is expected to rise from todays 15 000 to over 30 000 inhabitants by the year 2030. This change poses a challenge for both the residents lifestyles and the built environment.

Efficiency Indicators on Retrofitted Buildings

Towards Sustainability

Solar panels

In the year of 2010 Hammarby Sjöstad is still highly depent on external resources often imported from places all over the world. However, by the year of 2025 both locally and regionally produced food through vertical farming has turned the table and Hammarby Sjöstad is becoming increasingly self sufficient. The transition to driverless cars has also managed to decrease the number of vehicles being used which in itself has led to Hammarby Sjöstad starting to become self sufficient also in fuel. By the year of 2040 the, within the district, locally produced resources from both the verticle farming and the integrated solar panels has led to a surplus in resources which is being exported to the neighbouring districts while Hammarby Sjöstad establishes itself as a district beyond Self Suficiency.

Solar Pannels

Private

Amount of Retail Sales, 1956 - 2010

Growth in Retail Sales

186 166

Images Courtesy of: Flickr, PBEV

Based on the prognosis made by the municipality of Stockholm the population of Hammarby Sjöstad is expected to rise from todays 15 000 to over 30 000 inhabitants by the year 2030. This change poses a challenge for both the residents lifestyles and the built environment.

146 126 106

+

Clean Energy

+

Local Food

Decreased Consumption

+

The existing and new streets of Hammarby will be integrated. This means that pedestrians, cars, and bicycles will occupy the same space and share it. Driverless cars will be controlled by the smart roadway and have direct feed back if there is an approaching obstacle. These integrated streets will allow for smaller streets with greater efficiency allowing us to claim 50% of all current highway systems for further development.

Resources

Increased Efficiency

2040

Stockholm and Region By putting the solar panels on the roof tops new opportunities for creating additional housing are created. Student housing would definitely be the best alternative.

Semi-private

206

Biodiversity Shortage! Resources

Necessities?

Conceptual Draft Our future scenario calls for the retrofitting of existing buildings, expansion of residential and local work opportunity, and intensive production of local products. The personal automobile of the future will no longer be cost effective, making the land currently used as highways and streets extremely valuable. The redevelopment of the highway will coincide with the implementation of solar streets, elongated public transportation, and shared driverless cars. Due to the high future cost of transportation we find it necessary to allocate space for local production of food and needed products. This would not only provide industrial jobs but sustain the appetite of the population.

Due to decreased possibilities of transporting food and goods across the globe, local production will become a major part of our society in 2040. Because of limited space in the urban environment vertical food production will be common in future cities.

Methods and Tools

The facilities we propose are intended to cover the major part of Hammarby Sjöstad’s food consumption. The exceptions are legumes,fruits growing from trees and obviously meet, since this kind of food requires other production conditions. Legumes are produced regionally and transported into Hammarby Sjöstad.

Collaborative Consumption

Food production

6 1971

1976

1981

1986

1991

1996

2001

2006

Images Courtesy of: http://sustainingfuture.blogspot.com

Potential in Solar Energy

1800 hours of solar potential a year 1 m² of Solar Panels generate electricity for 180 kWh/m² In 2011 Hammarby Sjöstad had 6750 households In 2011 1 household of Hammarby Sjöstad consumed an average of 150 kWh/m² In 2011 Hammarby Sjöstad would need 5620 m² of Solar Panels to power all the households Hammarby Sjöstad has 300 745 m² of potential space for solar panels on rooftops

Based on the prognosis made by the municipality of Stockholm the population of Hammarby Sjöstad is expected to rise from todays 15 000 to over 30 000 inhabitants by the year 2030. This change poses a challenge for both the residents lifestyles and the built environment.

Stockholm has

In 2025 the consumption 32 337 residents will Within the basementoffloor different kinds of mushrooms are grown. This due to the fact consume 18 190 tons of foodneed which requires 13to grow. Moving upwards in the building we have that mushrooms don’t any sunlight facilities. root crops, potatoes and rice. In the upper floors we grow fruits and vegetables that are In 2040, with our propolsal, 39 674 and residents will temperature. more dependent on sunlight a higher need 16 facilities

Shared Personal Transportation

Data t.o.m 2010

Source: SCB

In 2025 the consumption of 32 337 residents will consume 18 190 tons of food which requires 13 facilities. In 2040, with our proposal, 39 674 residents will need 16 facilities.

Integrated Spaces: Solar Roadways

26

Expansion Suitability The quality of ecological biodiversity can be seen here as higher in the nature preserve compared to the parks located within the urban core of Södermalm. While the city has put great effort on preserving public green space, measures still need to be in place to preserve existing biodiversity and strengthen forest cover. The recreational areas to the East of Hammarby and the increased elevation can act as a screen to potential overuse of the nature preserve. This map gives a clear picture to the risk and possibilities of Hammerby’s eventual expansion.

Highway conversion will allow for intensive office and residential development

Compared to the Södra länken Gamla-stan... They are nearly the same size!

Energy production of Hammarby Sjöstad:

139,1 GWh

A

B

Beach Integrated street

Beach Integrated street

Semi integrated street Building Semi private court yard

Semi integrated street

Private court yard

Private court yard

Building Semi private court yard

1

The total roof top area in Hammarby Sjöstad will, together with the new buildings, be 397 500 square meters in 2040, an area which is totally unused today.

B Flexible mushroom farming units for cleaning the water

Phase 2 2025

Existing building units are retrofitted with solar Construction begins on North and South expansion Mushrooms continue to clean entire waterway

A 2

121,6 GWh Mushrooms The large mushroom production capacity will be a substitute for a major part of the past meat consumption. Every year yields 171 kg/m2 of different mushroom varieties. The trees that are cut down when constructing the VFF’s are used for growing shiitake mushrooms. Shiitake´s are an popular sort which can be found on menus in many restaurants today.

The Facility One 5 story farming unit produces the same amount of food as an ordinary field of 325 000 m2 per year. The foot print area needed for one facility is 350 m2 and on each floor there are 9 levels of crops. On the roof top solar panels produce electricity which contributes to the process of keeping the right inner temperature.

Placing Vertical Farming Facility (VFF)

The facilities will be situated in the forest between Hammarbyhöjden and the Hammarby ski slope, about 300 metres from Hammarby Sjöstad city centre. The food is stored in a facility and transported through a pipe down to Hammarby Sjöstad where it is distributed to homes and restaurants.

Phase 3 2040

Major highways are integrated and made smaller as expansion continues Mushrooms have successfully cleaned Lake Hammarby Sjö 3

A

Local/Urban Production of Food / Materials Solar Pannels Reduced Car Use

2011

B

2040

B

A

Nacka Nature Reserve

Hammarby Sjöstad Redevelopment Project

To deal with this, our idea is a society in Hammarby Sjöstad where personal items and goods are shared, both within blocks and the entire community.

Smart Electricity Grid

=

Possible Transformation to Recreational Use

Intensive agriculture suitable on the higher ground level

However, since meat consumption is very energy- and resource demanding, mushrooms produced in our VFF’s will be a great substitute.

Energy consumption of Hammarby Sjöstad:

66 46

The average energy consumption today in the apartments of Hammarby Sjöstad are 150 kWh/ sqm. In 2040 we will achieve the 1996 year’s goal of energy consumption of 60 kWh/sqm, due to better building technology. When deciding total energy consumption the entire appartment area is reduced with 15 %, which is the area that´s not actual floorarea.

Local Vertical Farming

Personalized Information Technology

86

2011

In 2040 the efficiency of solar panels will have increased. Today’s solar panels have an average efficiency of 20 - 25 %, but there are already research showing solar panels with a 50 % efficiency in the near future. In 2040 we anticipate that solar panels will have the efficiency of 75 %, thus being the number one energy producer in the world, through higher efficiency and lower production cost.

Courtesy of: High Density Vertical Growth

Integrated Streets Over Consumption!

Phase 1 Existing construction in Henriksdalshamnen Mushroom pots begin cleaning around future beach area

By putting solar panels on all roof tops we will be able to produce By putting solar panels on all enough electricity for both theroof tops we will be able to produceSjöstad, enough inhabitants in Hammarby electricity both the inhabitants in but also forforthe neighbouring districts Hammarby Sjöstad, but also and the vertical farming unitsfor inthe the neighbouring districts and The electricity is stored the vertical farming unitsininhigh-tech batteries, and distributed through the vicinity. the Smart Grid.

Mushrooms to Feed

On part of achieving this goal in 2040 is by installing even more efficient household appliances. The other important part is handling and reusing water within the apartments and buildings. Greywater can be used for flushing toilets, and rainwater can be filtered through the green roof top areas and later be used within the buildings.

Masterplan Local/Urban Production of Food / Materials

Vertical industrial mushroom production will offset many of the local protein requirements

Public

Organic waste produces biogas for the driverless vehicles. Biomass is used for creating nutritious soil in our VFF’s. This is done through composting.

Smart Electricity Grid

Regional Farm/Dairy

37%

5 or more (r&k)

In 2040, people’s consumption habits have changed dramatically. Due to peak oil and a lower supply of natural resources, transporting goods across the globe isn’t economically profitable anymore. Thus, people’s consumption have decreased.

2

The decreased amount of waste is also a result of the small loops within Hammarby Sjöstad.

Private Transit

The future needs of public spaces will be based on this analyse. Hammarby was designed primarily to provide a majority of public and semi-public space. In our future scenario, increased private space will be needed as the result of a shrinking world.

Consumption

Since food is a very importtant factor for surviving, the food consumption is hard to influence.

Regional Plastic Processing Facility

mar ket u nit

Local Food Production Sustainable Shrooms

Inventory of Public Space

Food

It has been a struggle to reach the goal of using just 100 l/day and person in Hammarby Sjöstad.

Courtesy of: IBM Smarter Planet

2025 31%

Water

Our main idea is that waste should be considered a resource, instead of something bad. Therefore our goal has been to focus on recycling.

Battery/Energy Storage Manufacturing

Food, market Café

Possible mushroom/food processing

Waste

The existing building stock will reach the 1996 goal of 60 kWh/m , by 2040. This will achieved by installing energy effective household appliances and renovations.

Water storage

Sea Water Chemical Processing

Mushrooms for cleaning

Source: SCB

Energy

The new houses will be constructed with better building technologies, thus decreaseing the energy consumption.

Courtesy of: AUDI - (DRIVER)LESS IS MORE

Proposed Industry

Residence

Pedestrian Trails

Mushroom cultivation

1966

2011 847 073 15314 Per Person Total 60 kWh/m² 918 840 kWh/m² 460 kg/year 7 044 tons/year 150 l/day 2 297 000 l/day 554 kg/year 8 484 tons/year 192%

Courtesy of: Word Lens Translator

Food

Flat sizes: 2010

1961

Energy Waste Water Food Consump on (shopping)

2000 750 348 535 Per Person Total 60 kW/m² 32 100 kWh/m² 460 kg/year 246 tons/year 200 l/day 107 000 l/day 554 kg/year 296 tons/year 120%

34%

Walking

1956

Poula on of Stockholm Popula on of Hammarby Sjöstad

Key Concepts Beyond Sufficiency As a consequence of the mushrooms cleaning the bottom of the lake the water itself can be used for a countless number of activites. One of these activites is swimming and is made possible by the introduction of the centrally located city beach. A beach that not only cools down the citizens of Hammarby Sjöstad during hot summer days but also brings them even closer to the water.

Biomass repository

Based on the prognosis made by the municipality of Stockholm the population of Hammarby Sjöstad is expected to rise from todays 15 000 to over 30 000 inhabitants by the year 2030. This change poses a challenge for both the residents lifestyles and the built environment.

18%

Driverless cars are introduced a and large portions of space can be re-developed

Residential Unit Apartments Green Houses

Restaurant Green House Fish Farm Co ee Shop Mushrooms Farm

Two different places are shown, with two different purposes; feeding and cleaning. Mushroom cleaning devices will be set on the sea floor to transform the left over industrial waste into biomass for energy. Mushrooms will also be grown vertically for consuption on the hillside to the south of Hammarby.

2040

Transportation Habits in Hammarby Sjöstad

21%

Water storage Water storage

Restaurant Unit

The Southern suburbs of Stockholm are generally planned around sufficient public transportation. However with the popularity of the personal automobile a massive ring road project sought to give personal transport as much importance as public transit. In our oil dependent future there is no room for inefficient personal transport. Real-estate once transformed for the automobile will once again be transformed as space within the expanding city becomes more valuable. Through the idea of integrated spaces and sharable driverless cars we can have the same operational capacity with less room on our highways.

Source: SCB

18%

Energy storage

Courtesy of: collaborativeconsumption.com

Water storage

High Yield

+

Food Market Unit

Transportation: 2008

Car

Water storage Energy storage

Automobile Circulation Available Public Transportation

Public Transit

2025

Energy storage

Al lu nit s

After

15 314

2011

Lake Mälaren Drinking Water Plant

Before

Through the study of what was and what is, we are able to predict with certainty a number of future outcomes. With this data we are able to plan for energy, food, waste, and housing requirements of a growing urban population. This allows us to predict and measure different scenarios and solutions based on evolving data.

Restaurant

wastewater treatment plants

Industrial Activity Built Environment

Images Courtesy of: AUDI - (DRIVER)LESS IS MORE

Collaborative Consumption

Sjöstaden’s and Henriksdal’s

Today the Södra länken takes up a substantial portion of Hammarby’s available land

32 834

27 938

Population Growth of Hammarby Sjöstad

Paper Recycling Facility

Högdalens Combined Heat

Bottle Washing Facility Aluminum Recycling Facility

Resulting Statistics

Inventory of Population Statistics

Proposed Facilities

Hammarby Heat Plant and Power Plant

The quality of ecological biodiversity can be seen here as higher in the nature preserve compared to the parks located within the urban core of Södermalm. While the city has put great effort on preserving public green space, measures still need to be in place to preserve existing biodiversity and strengthen forest cover. The recreational areas to the East of Hammarby and the increased elevation can act as a screen to potential overuse of the nature preserve. This map gives a clear picture to the risk and possibilities of Hammerby’s eventual expansion.

We can see world-changing values in the emergence of tools to make the invisible visible -- that is, to make apparent the conditions of the world around us that would otherwise be largely imperceptible. We know that people often change their behavior when they can see and understand the impact of their actions.

Based on the prognosis made by the municipality of Stockholm the population of Hammarby Sjöstad is expected to rise from todays 15 000 to over 30 000 inhabitants by the year 2030. This change poses a challenge for both the residents lifestyles and the built environment.

Existing Facilities

Built Urban Environment Ecological Inventory

The Law of Accelerating Returns was developed by prolific inventor Ray Kurzweil. It describes the evolution in technology as an exponential curve which explains how technological breakthroughs are not only happening constantly but how they are happening faster and faster. If we applied Kurzweil’s exponential model to predict the evolution of our urban environments we will see a full merger with information technology.

Tools that will improve efficiency in a culture of consumption while securing basic needs for future worst case scenarios

The units in the future Hammarby Sjöstad will have individual closed loops of energy and materials within a bigger regional cycle. That way we will economise with resources in Hammarby Sjöstad and achieve our beyond selfsufficient goal. The main idea is to keep resources as close as possible and close the cycles on a local level.

By examining the local conditions we are better able to understand the complex processes at work in Hammarby. We have identified and analyzed systems that will be retrofitted and designed within our concept.

Hammarby sjöstad will be beyond self sufficient. It will become the “source” for both the city of Stockholm and the region, when it comes to the basic needs such as food, energy, housing, and education.

Methods and Toolbox

Closed Loops Within Units

01a

01b


Null aqua lizer - Ecological Cooling in HONG KONG

MASTERPLAN

BIRD PERSPECTIVE SECTION A-A 1:1000

SECTION B-B 1:1000

residential residential

commercial commercial

connecting walkways

connecting walkways parking

IDENTIFY ISSUE

BUILT STRUCTURE Wind corridors: buildings are dictated by the creation of wind

SPECIFIC PRESUMPTIONS

and help ventilate the area. Shape: always have as goal to push the wind through, deeper into the urban fabric. Step-down: Step-down structures are implemented towards the waterfront to give way to views as well as to let the wind into the areas behind.

GUIDELINES

food production. Green roofs: Green roof will be applied where conditions permit and where they are not suitable brown roofs will be applied

Green arteries: Green areas are laid out to create green arteries along the nullahs as well work as infrastructural links with walkways and bike lanes as well as open areas where the wind can enter into the urban fabric.

Map showing how the wind will penetrate the urban fabric with the help of building shapes etc.

cars

pedestestrian/bicycle

pedestestrian/bicycle

courtyard

park

pedestestrian/bicycle

courtyard

cars

pedestestrian/bicycle

pedestestrian/bicycle

park

cars

pedestestrian/bicycle

pedestestrian/bicycle

courtyard

-Every building should have a green roof where it is possible, and where they are not suitable brown roofs should be used -When developing new buildings you have to provide: 2m2 green area / unit -Developers can decide how and where to provide green areas, whether this is by green roofs or courtyards, or simply decreasing the footprint of the building -The outlines of the green areas should be used for urban farming culture to provide local resourced food

have as goal to push the wind through, deeper into the urban fabric. - Large clusters of high rise buildings should be prevented at all times and high rise buildings should instead be scattered out in the area, especially in areas next to the nullahs.

GUIDELINES

FLOOR PLAN 1:2000

SPECIFIC PRESUMPTIONS Building regulations:

- Step-down structures are implemented towards the waterfront to give way to views as well as to let the wind into the areas behind. - Buildings and blocks should be broken up

GUIDELINES

GUIDELINES -Parks and green areas are connected with smaller green corridors to take in wind to the city and and to diminish urban heat effect

dictated by the creation of wind corridors to ventilate the area.

and pressing the stale air out of the buildings at the bottom - Green arteries, additional nullahs and green roofs will help lower the air temperature as it passes through the landscape - Overall the urban structure has helped create a better urban environment

gardens for residents and areas for small-scale urban farming.

SPECIFIC PRESUMPTIONS

In order to deal with these issues:

blocks have been designed as to allow the wind to penetrate the urban fabric at all times of the year - In our area buildings have been designed

GUIDELINES

environment, help relive to from urban

-Not enough green spaces in dense city center

- Although regulations state that step-down waterfronts are a must, the restrictions are not being implemented.

IMPLEMENTATION

GREEN AREAS

-Green spaces are not visible in street view

wind stoppers keeping the fresh air out of the city. - Very dense areas in Hong Kong also

In order to deal with these issues: - No high rise buildings (30 storeys or higher) are allowed to be constructed within a 50 meters radius of another high rise building - When constructing buildings, care should be taken to allow for step-down structures at the outskirts of the areas to allow winds to penetrate the fabric. - Buildings and blocks should in areas where intended always be constructed not to block wind corridors and with their form help ease

Links: surrounding areas and its main infrastructural nodes and points of interest.

-A lot of small parks which are not connected

- Street canyons are created by the podium and hyper podium towers making the streets heavily polluted.

SPECIFIC PRESUMPTIONS

Eco: not only a necessary complement to the Metro system in the area but it is also an eco-friendly alternative to the car and will help prevent congestion in the area.

IDENTIFY ISSUE

A

PRT

PROBLEM

pedestestrian/bicycle

AXONOMETRIC

LACK OF GREEN

parking

buildings create several issues in the built structure.

designed in a step-down way but with the highest structures closest to the water, creating large wind stoppers - With the typical Hong Kong typologies, like the podium tower, street canyons are created making the streets heavily polluted - Because of problems with the built mass creating walls, there is a grave issue in ventilating the city of both hot and stale, polluted air

parking

PROBLEM

courtyard

- Hong Kong like other dense cities have

cars

DENSITY

IDENTIFY ISSUE

pedestestrian/bicycle

IDENTIFIED ISSUE

pedestestrian/bicycle

LACK OF WIND / VENTILATION

-Using green and brown roofs will decrease urban heat effect -More private and semi-public green areas for the inhabitants -Continuing green areas will also sustain biodi versity in dense city center

High rise structures in the area

Urban farming: Green areas will be used for urban farming in as large scale as possible while giving enough green space over to the public .

B

Map showing new green areas and green corridors

INFRASTRUCTURE / STREETS

PROBLEM Condensation

Precipitation

Precipitation

direction of the prevailing wind as well as the summer wind.

Evaporation

Nature

Urban

stages at the macro pools by the waterfront. Care is taken not to introduce mechanical or chemical cleaning processes.

25 54 82 175 305 456 377 432 328 101 38 27 (mm)

SPECIFIC PRESUMPTIONS

Nullahs: is linked to the nullahs by cannels where

Local evaporation

water is now clean enough to be used in urban farming.

Precipitation

are not aware of the function of water. Conventional methods for water management fail to help the city promote the importance of resources. Under natural conditions, water -

Sustainable urban water cycle

GUIDELINES

-Bicycle streets are almost unexisting in Hong Kong and that’s why you seldom see a cyclist in the street view -Pedestrian roads don’t have much vegeta tion around because pedestrian roads are placed between high buildings and car roads

Region have today severe problem with providing it´s own people with water and the time will probably come when the connection will be cut

areas this cycle is disturbed and cannot run its trate the ground due to paved surfaces, and is rapidly collected and discharged to the public drainage systems leaving no time for evaporation.

SPECIFIC PRESUMPTIONS

SPECIFIC PRESUMPTIONS SPECIFIC PRESUMPTIONS Buildings WATER TANKS

GREEN ROOFS

Macro pools: cleaning process. Oyster farms help clean the water to a level that allow for water activities and even drinking.

IDENTIFY ISSUE

Hong Kong’s freshwater (76% in 1998) comes from the Dongjiang River(in north), under

SPECIFIC PRESUMPTIONS & GUIDELINES

Wetland: help clean the water to a stage that allow for water activities.

PROBLEM

DEPENDENT OF GUANDONG

B

Water collecting roofs: Collecting rainwater

Micro pools: Collecting water from surface run of as well as waste water collected from the buildings. Clean the water to a level where it can be used for watering vegetation in the areas.

PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE STREETS

PROBLEM

But, aside from exceptional experiences such

WATER out the area and transported through the

CLEANING THE WATER

THERE IS A NEED FOR MORE EFFECTIVE SOLUTIONS IN MANAGING THE URBAN WATER.

A

FLOODING

Wind corridors: create wind corridors in the urban fabric.

vide the roof structure with a thin vegetation cover, which is retaining part of the rainwater. PRIVATE PONDS A good way of slowing down the storm water tention pond with a permanent pool of water. COLLECTING WATER One type of source control is to collect storm water, primary from roofs, in a cistern and

Inside urban blocks Sea pools

-Bicycle and pedestrian roads should be surrounded with planted trees and green and separated from car roads with green spaces

KAI TAK BECOMES A BIG CLEANING PLANT Buildings, inside urban blocks, nullahs and the

-The main pedestrian and bicycle streets follow the main street structure but to support this system, green corridors and smaller parks are used to create calm, greener and faster pedestrian and bicycle connections

building with green roofs. Inside the urban blocks will posses lakes and ponds which will stagnate the water and clean it further before continue the water cleaning process and transport the water to the sea pools where the water will be cleaned to swimming quality.

SITE PLAN 1:2000

-Hong Kong already has a lot of elevated

GUIDELINES

GUIDELINES

GUIDELINES

THROUGHOUT THE CLEANING PROCESS THE USES OF THE WATER CHANGES.

-Calm and human friendly walkways and bicycle streets -Greener street view, which is connected also to water areas, especially to nullahs

PUBLIC PONDS BECOMES PARKS It is important that the detailed design of detention ponds on public land is done with greatest care. Correctly designed, the pond and its surrounding can become an attractive element in the urban landscape.

in the system the water passes private ponds which cleans the water to shower quality. As

A

Links: Care has been taken to link the main roads to important infrastructural nodes in the surrounding area to make sure the area is well connected as well as help relieve some

-Pedestrian are not forced to use only the street level due to elevated walkways to provide faster connections between blocks and areas

bigger pools the water gets so clean that you Main pedestrian and bicycle streets

Map showing how the cleaning process will penetrate the urban fabric.

ZOOM IN

resents the regular Hong Kongnese (maybe not in every aspect, though). He has just realised that the

have shut the pipe down because the province itself can not guarantee the water supply for its own people anymore.

What to do!?

Before we answer this question, you should know that Hong Kong also has problems with heavy rain

THEREFORE! We introduce a new step-to-step system which will guarantee water for Hung Kung

system with underground “Nullahs” which is

collect and lightly cleans the collected water to

tion. Waste of water you could say!

-

ponds in every block which stores the water a

A

Around the Nullahs the situation has totally changed! Now people enjoys the open water cleaning system. Fresh water, cool air and vegetation, makes this a natural element in every man and

makes Hung Kung freezing cold! When visiting a mall or boutique to buy shorts with his “houng kung dollaar”.

bigger pools Hung Kung can now shower without delay! But when he tries to enjoy the city, it is to HOT! Also the buildings is using AC to ventilate which consume a lot of energy, not sustainable!

Hong Kong Airport Urbanisation Project

FINALLY THERE IS FRESH AIR IN THE PUBLIC SPACE

B

why...

of GUANDONG, which is the province in the north of Hong Kong which delivers 76% of HK´s fresh water.

We suggest building form which gives shadow where it is needed and sun when it suits the surrounding functions.

B

FRESH WATER IS NOT A PROBLEM ANY MORE

Hong Kong has good potential for natural ventilation but as the city has been designed before it have created walls which stops

Kong whit fresh naturally ventilated air, due to wind and water is no need for AC.

02a

02b


302 505 (people) The 300 000 people currently residing in the inner city amount for a potential of 150 000 tons of waste that can be regenerated into energy

The incineration plant of högdalenverket can produce 450 GWh of energy and 1700 GWh of heat from 700 000 tons of waste masterial

151 252 (ton) 62 975 18 767

102 018

793 A retrofitted envac system will ensure that the waste is transported to Beckholmen in an efficient way within causing a strain on the near surroundings

175 000

117 952

TONS OF WASTE IS THE CAPACITY OF THE BECKHOLMEN PLANT

The plant will also produce 110 GWh of electricity and 425 GWh of heat that can be utilized by both public activites, households and infrastructure

Östermalm Inner City

Electricity

Outdoor Heated Pool

>2%

Djurgården

a

en

nd

Bällsta

kyrkby

Ormsta

Molnby

Frösunda

Vallentun

Lindholm

Täby

Ekskogen a

lm

ltet

Runö

Täljö

Rydbo

centrum

Hägernäs

Åkers

Viggbyho

Tunagård

n

Neglinge

Igelboda

Ringväge

Saltsjö-Du vnäs

Storängen

al

L26 Solsidan

kaj Luma

gatan

Hötorget

t torg

Årstafälte

Linde

Årstaberg

Valla

Household Waste

L25

Globen Enskede gård

Hammarbyhöjden

Blåsut Sandsborg

Public Transportation

Tallkrogen Kärrtorp Gubbängen Hökarängen

Bagarmossen

Electricity

Farsta

T18 Farsta strand

T17

Jordbro

Households

Skarpnäck

g Segersän

(byter namn till Handen i juni 2006)

Västerhan

Haninge C

inge

Trångsund Skogås

Nynäsgår d Nynäs havsbad

Farsta strand

Nynäshamn J35

>1%

LESS THAN 1 % OF THE PRODUCED ELECTRICITY IS USED FOR GONDOLA

Nynäsham färjeterm ns inal

Hagsätra

Björkhagen

Skogskyrkogården

Bandhagen Högdalen Rågsved

T19

Ösmo

Stureby

Tullinge Tumba

Hemfosa

Sockenplan Svedmyra

Flemingsberg

Rönninge

Tungelsta

Stuvsta Huddinge Hägerstensåsen

Krigslida

Älvsjö

Telefonplan

Vårby gård

Akalla

Hässelby

Waste Incinerator

Saltsjöbaden Tippen TattbyErstaviksbadet

L22 Sickla udde

Skärmarbrink

Skärholmen Vårberg

Östervik

Fridhems plan S:t Eriksplan

Odenplan

Rådmans

Gullmarsplan

Mårtensd

Skanstull

Årstadal Midsommarkransen

L26 Igelboda

Nacka

Medborgarplatsen

Stockholms södra

Bredäng

Sätra

Fisksätra

Nacka

Henriksda

l et

en

amm Zinkensd

Sickla

Slussen L25

Mariatorg

Hornstull

Liljeholm

Aspudden

Örnsberg

und

Kristinebe rg Thorildsp lan

strand

sberg

n

en

torg

gård

gård

Råcksta

mossen

Åkeshov

Vällingby

Brommap lan

T11 Kungsträdgården T10

Gamla stan

Hammarby sjöstad

Mälarhöjden

Kungens Kurva

Biogas

Östermalmstorg

Stockholm C

Rådhuset

Gröndal Trekanten

Alléparke

Klöverväg

Ålstens

Johannel

Blackeber g Islandstor get Ängbypla n

Stora

Abraham

Altorp

Gärdet Stadion Karlaplan

Stora Essingen

Alviks

Olovslund

Smedslät ten

Ålstensga tan

Nockeby

Höglands torget

Lahäll

en Torsvik

Tekniska högskolan

T-Centralen

L22 L12

Axelsberg

Hässelby

Alvik T18

Åkeshov T17

L12 Nockeby

By placing the plant inside the hill the benefits of Beckholmens closeness to the inner city can be utilized without major impacts in the environment

L21 T13 Ropsten

Universitetet

Stadshagen

Hässelby strand T19

Lidingö

Bergshamra

L28 L29

Östberga

Vendeväg

Danderyds sjukhus

Universitetet Karlberg

Stockholms östra L27

Västra skogen

Baggeby

Mörby

Stocksund Frescati

Solna

Solna centrum

Huvudsta

Näsbypark L29

T14 Mörby centrum Solna Centrum

Ulriksdal

Näckrosen

Vreten

Österskär L28

Bråvallavägen

Djursholms Ösby

Helenelund Hallonbergen

Duvbo Sundbybergs centrum Sundbyberg

Täby

Enebyberg Djursholms Ekeby

Häggvik

Sollentuna

Kista Rissne

Spånga

Galoppfä

Roslags Näsby

Norrviken

Nationalarenan

Husby Rinkeby

Barkarby

Sickla

Barkarby

Rotebro

T11 Akalla

Tensta

Jakobsberg

Åkersberg

Kragstalu

Arninge

Tibble

T10 Hjulsta Kallhäll

LESS THAN 1 % OF THE PRODUCED HEAT IS USED FOR THE POOL & OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES

Kårsta L27

Ensta

J36

Rosersberg Upplands Väsby

Kungsängen

Saltsjö-Jä rla Lillängen

Märsta

Bålsta Bro

Excess Heat

Gondola

Södermalm

Visinge

J35

The long distance heating network and electrical infrastructure will connect to Beckholmen and distribute heat and electricty to the region

Portable Electricity

Gärdet

The produced energy from within the smart synergy grid will contribute to the future public transport development in the region

Sundbyberg Solna

On a regional level the smart synergy grid would function together with other similar units creating a sustainable network of exchanging resources

With one fourth the size the new Beckholmen plant can accommodate 150 000 tons of household waste as well as 25 000 tons of tourism waste from Djurgården

Värta

Renewable Energy

Recycled Waste

The incineration plant of Beckholmen can provide up to 9000 households with electricity and keep 65 000 households warm

Excess Heat

Årsta

Högdalen Farsta

100m

Barriers; hill; shore & ships

Skansen 395 m

Aerial lift will be part of the Stockholm SL system (SL card will work)

Numbers below are taken from Portland Aerial Tram Syst. Some of them (i.e. travel time) has been adapted for the conditions of Söder / Beckholmen

Slussen 4.2 km Medborgarplatsen 5 km

Barrier: water

Barriers: ships, shore and the Södermalm hill.

Barrier: water between Beckholmen and Djurgården

l s sen Su

Existing bus lines

x 10 , 78 persons fit in one car

New connections

Danvikstull 6 km

New connections

Travel speed : 9.2 meters per second Passengers / hour : 5280 Size of 1 car : 8.5 meters x 4 meters arby To Hamm

/Nac S jöstad

ka

Passengers / hour : 5280 Size of 1 car : 8.5 meters x 4 meters) Linking Södermalm and the water by bridges and stairs

Linking Beckholmen and Djurgården with a pedestrian bridge

Travel time Beckholmen - Södermalm 65 : s (97 % less than today) l Su

ss en

Extended tram line New aerial lift

Travel time today ; 1 h 40 minutes walking ; 40 minutes by public transport

An aerial lift in New York, connecting Manhattan with Roosevelt Island

Bike pool New aerial lift

Skansen 395 m Slussen 487 m Medborgarplatsen 520 m

Danvikstull 636 m

Time differences before and after implementing the aerial lift

Beckholmen Sustainable Public Spaces Project

The numbers above are based on the Portland Aerial Tram in Portland, Or. Where needed, (i.e. the travel time, they are adapted to the conditions of Stockholm and Beckholmen)

/Nac y S jöstad arb amm To H

ka

Overbridging the water with an aerial lift and extending the existing tvärbana to Slussen, creating ahub of transportation

Overbridging the water with an aerial lift and implementing a bike pool next to it and close to the student housing

03a

03b

03


What is it good for?

How it works

P

WELCOME!

2030 An aim of the concept is to take advantage of the already present actors in Moabit- namely its companies, residents and organizations. The scheme possible network 7,0 3,0 shows 0,5 a 2,5 5,5of how actors 0,5 3,0 connects and interacts with each other. Two examples: Siemens lends out land for bicycle parkPedestrian Bicycle Water Two Lane Driving Water Parking ing in exchange for advertising on donated bikes. Moabit Jobcenter has in collaboration with BRAUCHbar arranged a trainee program for jobseekers to work and learn in the bike repair centers.

Bike parking takes less space than cars but can still cover a lot of ground. Then there is the rampant theft. The bike tree deals with both problems.

6,2 Bicycle Bicycle

Pedestrian

Free educational courses in bicycling, repair or service will be offered to card members and employees and residents of Moabit leading to decreased need for consumptions of new bikes and enabling connections within the area b/w different actors.

0,5

Water

2,5

5,5

0,5

3,0

Two Lane Driving

Parking

Bicycle

Is Green Moabit really Green?

Pedestrian

A change from car transports to bicyling reduces the exposure of pollutants for the 8 000 residents and 10 000 employees.

More Space for bikes

Bicycle

5,5

3,0 0,5 2,5

Watercanal Parking

2 Lane Driving

Water Canal

Bicycle

7,0

Moabike Need a Bike?

7,0

3,0

0,5

2,5

Pedestrian

5,5

0,5

A-B-C

Pedestrian

Yes No

3,0

Bicycle

0,5

2,5

Water

Two Lane Driving

Parking

5,5

0,5

3,0

3,0 Water

sible/parked bike (of your choice).

-

The Green Moabike app can also be used for instant info on your bikes whereabout.

Try and Bike for free!

Take advantage of the free repair and service maintenance that comes with the membership once your bike has put some km behind it.

1

2

7,0

biking?! – Why not take advantage of the 2 months trial period before you decide on a membership (that gives access to all 3-rated bikes for free!)

If you don’t have a bike but want to or get from point A to B in a sustainable, fast and conveTo get access you need to sign up with your social secutrity number.

A bike grading system guarantees you will always have access to a bike of similar standard as the one you provided to the sharing system.

3,0

0,5

2,5

4,5m

5,5

3,5m

5,0m

0,5

2,5m

Water

2,5

5,5

5,5

0,5

Two Lane Driving

Parking

Water

3,0 3,0

0,5

Water Water

Two 3,0 Lane Driving 6,2 Bicycle

6,2 Bicycle

7,0

Parking

2 Lane Driving

Water Canal

Pedestrian

Pedestrian

3,5m

4,0m Pedestrian

5,5

3,0 0,5 2,5

Bicycle

Watercanal Parking

3,0

Bicycle

Pedestrian

0,5

Water

2,5

5,5

0,5

Two Lane Driving

Parking

3,0

Water

6,2

Bicycle

Pedestrian 3,0m

6,2

0,5 3,0

2 Lane Driving

3,0

Water Canal

0,5

2,5

5,5

0,5

3,0

Bicycle

3,5m

6,2

4,0m

Watercanal Parking

Bicycle

7,0

Bicycle

Pedestrian

Bicycle Parking 7,0m Watercanal 2,5m 2,5m

2 Lane Driving Water Canal Bicycle 5,0m 2,5m 2,5m 6,2m

7,0

Moabit undisputed bike miles no. 1! 3,0m

3,5m

3,0

0,5

2,5

4,5m

4,0m

2,5m

5,5

0,5

2,5m

0,5

3,0

6,2

Water

Bicycle

Pedestrian

0m 3,0m

3,0

3,5m

5,0m

6,2

4,5m

4,0m

2,5m

4,0m

5,0m 5,0m

2m 6,2m

CEO comment: “Of course we’re happy for the price but what’s more important is that our employees are feeling healthier and that we through this has increased our productivity”. 5,0m

2,5m 2,5m

Water Canal

Parking

3,0 0,5 2,5

5,5

Water Canal

Pedestrian

4,0

3,0 Bicycle

2 Lane Driving

0,5

Water

Parking

Bicycle

2,5

5,5

0,5

0,5

Two Lane Driving

Pedestrian

5,5

6,0

2,5

3,0 Water

6,2

Bicycle

Pedestrian

11,0

4,5

33

6,2

0,5 3,0

2 Lane Driving

Bicycle

5,5 7,0

Water Canal

Bicycle

Pedestrian

Bicycle

Watercanal

Parking

5,0m

2,5m 2,5m 2 Lane Driving

Water Canal

2,5m 2,5m Bicycle

2,5

5,5

4,5

0,5

4,0

6,5

6,2m

Pedestrian

3,0m

Siemens - winner of the 2020 ‘Berlin goes sustanable’ price! “The development of a TOD soultion, green roofs, solar panels and community interaction work has set new standards for 5,0m how companies can adress and implement sustainable soultions” - BGS7,0m Commite 5,0m

2,5m 2,5m

6,0

0,5

4,0

0,5

2,5

2,5

4,0

6,5

3,5m

4,0

0,5

6,0

5,5

0,5

2,5

4,0

2,5m 2,5m

5,0m

7,0m

5,0m

2,5m 2,5m

2,5m

6,2m

15,1m

28,3m

7,0m

5,0m

5,0m 5,0m

5,5

2,5m

0,5m

5,0m

5,0m 4,0m 5,0m

5,0m

4,5m6,2m

6,2m

3,0m

2,5m

0,5m

6,2m

4,0m

2,5m

2,5m

5,5

2,5m

0,5m

4,0m

2,5m

33 m

4,0m

4,5

11,0

4,5

6,5

33

2,5m

6,5 4,0m

4,0m

33

3,0m

4,0m

2,5m

0,5m

2,5m

4,0m

4,0m

2,5m

6,5

33

2,5m

4,5

11,0

4,5

4,0m

6,5

4,5

11,0

4,5

4,0m

3,0m

Indoor bicycle parking with i an integrated bivyle maintei nance and repair service

i

19 m

4,5m

4,0m

4,0m

4,5m

4,0m

2,5m

2,5m

2,5m

4,0m

4,0m

4,0m

MASTERPLAN The masterplan suggests a new and improved bike lane structure. Priority is given to high speed lanes (green lanes) and a special high speed lane (see red line) to achieve a good east-west and really create a north-south link. Prioritized signalsystem for bikes in strategic spots would strengthen this further. Medium bike lanes (blue lanes) are to supplement the high speed ones and enable easy access irrespective of goal destination in the area. A third level of recreational low speed bike lanes (yellow lanes) are to be improved and developed in green and/or calm areas. A potential new walking and bike bridge would create a link fromMoabit to the green surrounding of Spree’s southern waterfront. Supplementing structures: A TOD-connection to be developed at Beusselstrasse S-bahn station – bike parking and repair and service station Info-boxes at strategic entry points to inform about the system Possible larger scale repair/and service centre in central location complemented with already existing repair and bike shops to take advantage of existing skills etc..

i

>U- bahn Mirendorggplatz >Charlottenburg

B

B

i A

Sustainable centre= Green Moabike showcase exhibition

i

i integrated stormwater sysiItem for wateruse in repair

>Turmstrasse

shops.

i

i New bicycle/walking connection

6,5

2,5

A

i

i

28,3m

4,0m

4,0m

Siemens wins Sustainable price- moabit

2 Lane Driving

4,0m

28,3m 3,5m

Watercanal

Watercanal Parking

7,0m

5,0m

5,5 Two Lane Driving

i are to be to and from the area new bike lanes going from north to south implemented to provide better connections to Beusselstrasse S-bahn station in the north and to the university area in the south. Good availability by bike to and through the area should be present irrespective of entry point. Furthermore the lane system is to be divided into three different levels (see masterplan) – from high speed to recreational lanes.

6,2

0,5 3,0

Pedestrian

Pedestrian

15,1m Team leader comment: “We‘re happy to win but most rewarding is that this has brought the companies in the area closer which has resulted in unlike synergie effects”.

6,2

2,5

Parking

15,1m

15,1m

i

>U- bahn Turmstr. >Hauptbanhofi

Possible bridge connection to connect green and recreational areas and the university fascilities

i

i

i

i

i

>Technische Universität > Universität der Kunste

Bike parking takes less space than cars but can still cover

High frequency bike lane iMedium frequency bike lane High frequency bike lane Recreational bike lane

i

i

ii

New recreational bike lane connection i Information boxes

>Grosser Strasse

i

i

04a 7,0m

5,0m

5,0m

5,0m 5,0m

6,2m

04b

Large bicycle parkingi incl. repair shop, educational center and information & sales center.

i

4,0m

i 4,0m

4,5m

4,0m

2,5m

4,0m

i

Sustainable center fori Moabit wich includes Moabike.

4,0m

28,3m

Sustainable Moabit Berlin Project

3,5m

5,5

3,0 0,5 2,5

7,0m

Moabit can look forward to yet another easy win in Berlin’s city district bikemiles challenge.

4,0m

0,5

Water

Pedestrian

4,0m

Pedestrian

7,0m

4,0m

5,0m

Pedestrian

CEO comment: “We are in this together and Siemens has got a lot from this neighbourhood. We also think this will increase production due to healthier colleagues.”

Siemens’ thinking sustainable

3,0

4,5m

Bicycle

Siemens have provided space from their parking lot for parking of bikes in exchange for advertising on the donated sharing bikes.

What we need now is a good biking infrastructure, will be presented in the next slide. MOVE!

4,0m

Pedestrian

Pedestrian

Pedestrian

7,0

6,2

4,0m

Watercanal

Bicycle

7,0

Now you’re good to go! 4,0m

Pedestrian

Bicycle

7,0

As new user you can choose to enroll in the step-to-step program where you learn how to bike and responsiblities of city biking.

3

Bicycle

Bicycle

0,5

A great opportunity “Students from TU Berlin will be able to incorporate their knowledge into real life practice in a new collaboration with Green Moabit Sustainable Centre”. Student comment: “It’s a great chance and experience to translate theory into practice which I’m sure will make me better prepared for working when I graduate”.

A great opportunity 3,0m

Learn how to bike! Once you are on the go again just use the

6,2

3,0

- “We wouldn´t take part if we didn´t believe the project is to have substantial effect. ‘Going green’ would not only help the transition towards a more sustainable future but also give us a competative advantage.”

“Moabit is GREEN!” - Siemens

City bikes storage in Moabit is a bit special. To save space all parking places are moved to the air.

Bicycle

Pedestrian

Pedestrian

Your bike is now safely locked and stored and ready to be used by another member or yourself.

6,5

6,2

0,5 3,0

7,0

Park your bike in the any of the system’s parking facilities using your Green Moabike membership card.

3,0

Pedestrian

7,0 The CEO 3,0 0,5 2,5 disMuch critizism has been raised about the “green” Moabit project. of Siemens Pedestrian Bicycle Water Parking agree with these accusations.

Sign up for a Green Moabike membership and provide and register at least one bike into the sharing system (an additional bike could give

4,0

5,5

7,0

Pedestrian

tegic parking with the bicycle sharing system bicycling is made more accessible.

7,0

Green Moabit project leader: “This is just the beginning of a journey that will result in a better environment, better living and working conditions and more effecient production.

6,2

Water

2.5 m Bicycle

Allows for the opportunity of sharing bicycles through which a conscious step towards a more

3,0 Bicycle

5.5 m Pedestrian

Combining the Moabit Green Card with other health programmes will lead to healthier life styles and increased productivity.

7,0 Pedestrian

3.0 m Pedestrian

The sharing system combined with one free bike maintenance and repair service per card period will ensure that no new eet of mass produced bikes will be necessary.

Card d

Park your bike here!

Time

= YES!

How green is really Green Moabit? “Questions have been raised whether the Green Moabit project is yet another corporate PR stunt or if there is real substance to it.”

Section A-A

By implementing the Moabike card bicycling can contribute to changing the habits towards establishing bicycling in peoples everyday life.

=CARING

Green Moabit

0,5

2,5

2,5

>U- bahn Mirendorggplatz >Charlottenburg

The present bike lane structure of Moabit mainly supports the main roads going east to west. These lanes will be improved to increase the safety, ef-

New streets

Section B-B

Introduction of Moabike Green Card for the price of EUR 39. This will result in following:

= BIKE MIND

8000

TOMORROW

Moabike CARD

PARKING

6,0

0,5

4,0

6.5 m Pedestrian

2020

4.0 m Bicycle

2010

In the Moabike scenario reaching towards 2030 and further all the synergetic courses of actions will lead to a web of exponentially sustainable effects. Within this process additional spinn-off effects will occur as different courses of actions will interact and effect each other in a way that promotes new revenues focusing on sustainable development.

i Future bicycle parking location?

i

Time

5,5

SHARING

P

A-B-C

Old streets

The people of Moabit need education about biking and need to be further educated in what possibilites bicycling can provide for the life in the city.

5m

2,5 m 2,5 m

2.5 m Parking 05 m Water

Every day 8 000 residents and 10 000 employees are affected by pollution from car transports of goods and people in Moabit.

“Where bikes are uplifting”

2 3

4.0 m Pedestrian

Companies in Moabit strives towards becomming more sustainable and looks to alternative greener solutions that could also help improve employees’ health.

i

6.0 m Two lane street

8000

City bike systems require mass production of new bikes and investments from public authorities and is not taking use of or repairing

i

s

1

i

> U- bahn Birkenstrasse

i

i

Reducing car parking with 50%

2.5 m Bicycle

People have rehearsed routines of their everyday lives and may be sceptic to changing their transport behaviour.

2.5 m Parking

Moabit lacks secure and safe bicycle parking facilities.

Green Moabike Showcase

4.4 m Two lane street

There is no public transportation connecting the S-Bahn with central parts of Moabit causing commuters to turn to other means of transportation.

= CAR MIND

= NO

= TOD

i

i

Bike parking takes less space than cars but can still cover a lot of ground. Then there is the rampant theft. The bike tree deals with both problems. Bike parking takes less space than cars but can still cover a lot of ground. Then there is the rampant theft. The bike tree deals with both problems. Bike parking takes less space than cars but can still cover a lot of ground. Then there is the rampant theft. The bike tree deals with both problems.

0.5 m Water

Because of limitations in the public transportation system the citizens of Berlin are not allowed to bring their bikes on to the trains during rush hour.

PARKING

Possible networking 2030

Indoor bicycle parking with an integrated bicycle maintenance and repair service

i

Possible future recreational bike lanes

Connectivity concept

How it networks Moabike collaboration

ccess to, from and

through the area.

Networking regards connections between the actors in Moabit where the Moabike Card could generate unlike partnerships and synergie effects.

4.0 m Bicycle

SUBWAY + = NO

The concept of Moabike consists of chancing the infrastructure, peoples behaviour, companies connectivty and how we share. Presented with the order of Moabike Cards, How it works, New Connectivity and Actions.

Moabike Frequency

TODAY

There is no public transportation connectingthe S-Bahn with central parts of Moabit causing commuters to turn to other means of transportation. There is no public transportation connectingthe S-Bahn with central parts of Moabit causing commuters to turn to other means of transportation. There is no public transportation connecting

New way of parking

0.5 m Water 2.5 m Parking

Moabike:

INFORMATION ABOUT THE BOARDS: The Moabike is about sharing.

i


"The life and death of urban highways"

Design Revisited

Observational Research (Mesa Analysis) The goal of the field study was to gather data which would indicate pedestrian flows on the roads connected to the highway. To the right the investigated pathway between Hallonbergen, Ursvik and Rissne is illustrated. The data was collected on the 11th of February between 14.00 and 17.00 througout the pathway in a 15 minute interval divivided into three main areas. A reservation for the limited time gathering data should also be considered since variations is to be expected for instance with variations of flows depending on time of day and changes of the seasons.

Sundbybergs Stad Enköpingsvägen

In this next design phase the initial design is revisited and further developed based on the new information braught to the platform. The first step is to create an understanding of how the new information can be implemented into new designs by establishing specific rules that relates to the ambition of the project. The next step is to use the framework of these rules to create design strategies that uphold this ambition. These six strategies that are presented correlates with the established rules and represents design elements that would, if implemented, transforms the area into a more connected liveable area. Co-op Housing

Refined Water Passage

Rental Housing

Finacially Viable Housing Developments

Northern part of Sundbyberg

Passive Middle Crossing

Separated Districts

Splitting Sundbyberg in Two The municipality of Sundbyberg is surrounded by a regional highway network. Because of the highway networks extension of Enköpingsvägen, cutting straight through the municipality, the communities themselves are even separated.

15 Lines

x4

x7

x4

There are three distinct elements that clearly characterizes the area from an ecological perspective. First it is the well defined topopgraphic changes where the highway extension cuts throug the lower parts of the area. Second it is the hidden stream that barely is allowed to exist pushed away by the highway extension. Third it is the natural greenery on both sides of the highway seperated and with no direct connection between them.

Stockholm Stad

Allthough a slight inclination towards south-east can be distinguished while examining the street network in Sundbyberg what is most noticable is the overall irregular angles of the streets.

Z

Y+Z

Main Passageway turned into Green Corridors Ör

Rinkeby Tvärbanan

Stora Ursvik

Kymlinge

Kymlinge

x2

x2

x14

Refiguring the Pedestrian Network The pedestrian network is strengthened in the area by improving the east-west connection and introducing a more direct path from hallonbergen towards Ursvik and the nature reserve. This opens up for a fast and effective transportion for pedestrians and bicyclists througout the area and so forth strengtens the overall connections while also encouraging people to walk and use their bikes more.

24 Lines

Refigured Pedestrian Network

Shopping

x6

Rissne Rissne Ängar

Hallonbergen

Strengthening the Allotment Gardens

Street Network

Solna Stad

This western part of the pathway is characterized by the new development project of Stora Ursvik which is partly finished. This part is the least activated by pedestrians during the period of investigation. It is also the path that is the least connected to the other side of the highway since the exiting street from the newly developed area only leads to the highway and not across it. The crossing itself is also situated relatively far away from existing buildings and requires a detour route which is not visible from within the area.

Municipality Border Tvärbanan

Values

By connecting the northern parts of Sundbyberg to the new extension of the tram line opportunities for a less disconnected environment is introduced.

As part of the green structure the allotment gardens are strengthened by adding space where the highway use to be along the green pathway extended from the nature reserve. Because of the increased space small allotment houses can also be added bring extra quality to the allotment activities and increasing the interest for local food production and interacting within the neighborhood.

Inaccessible Pathways From Ursvik 13 Lines

New Tram Extension

Y

The eastern part of the three areas is also the most frequently used by pedestrians during the time of the investigation. A reason for this could likely be linked to the effectiveness of the pedestrian tunnel passing under the highway linking the areas on the northern side of the highway with the subway station at Hallonbergen.

Lilla Ursvik

Street Patterns

Pedestrian Streets

The previously monotone character of one dominating road is now replaced with several roads with more purposes more specific to each functions. The two southern roads presents effective trafic going in and through the industrial/commercial area. Street Z is functioning as a passage through the area whereas Street X is allowing access into the commercial area. Street Y is presenting a direct route from Ursvik towards Hallonergen bringing the two communities closer together.

Pedestrian Paths

Local Streets

Valley of Rissne

Courtsey of myskjell at flickr.com

Reinvented Street Network

Kymlinge Main Local Streets

Reinvented Street Network

Courtsey of Gbenskar at reseguiden.se Fyrisån, Uppsala

Most Connected Crossing

The studied area is situated in the northern parts of Sundbyberg right on the border to Kymlinge Nature Reserve to the north, the municipality of Solna Municipality to the east and the Municipality of Stockholm to the west.

Southern part of Sundbyberg

Fyrisån, Uppsala

Green Local Streets

Case Study Area; Northern Sundbyberg

Patterns in the Natural Environment

Refined Water Passage The water stream that was hidden away previously by the infrastructural urban development is now strengthened and introduced as one of the main activities throughout the area. Along the stream walkable wodden decks faced towards south are introduced, creating opportunities for recreational activites rightm next to the water during the warmer parts of the year.

Stockholm Stad

County of Stockholm East-West Separation

One of the qualities of the proposed housing district is that the blocks are facing to the south and so forth will be attractive on the housing market since access to sun is at high demand. As a consequence of this the expensive cost of building a house, and the following high cost of rents, can be dealt with by implementing a responsible distribution of resources that ensures reasonable rent prices as well as a reasonable profits.

The middle part of the three areas is characterized by having the most clearest connection to the villa area just north of the highway. It has one connection across the highway which during the period of investigation was not used by any pedestrians or bicyclists. The pedestrian path however was frequently used by both bicyclists and pedestrians going in both directions along side the highway.

Rift between the communities

x2

High

x8

Allottment Gardens in Zurich

Courtsey of Wikipedia Allottment Gardens, Södermalm

Courtsey of Anette Nantell

Strengthened Allotment Gardens

As a means for bringing the nature reserve in the north closer to the green spaces in the south the green qualities along the road is strengthened and divided into two sections. The first section in the east consists of a park that goes straight from the green in ursvik and connects to the green in hallonbergen creating an urban park that has its foothold in both Hallonbergen and Ursvik. The second section to the west presents a green passage that coincides with the stream creating a ecological pathway from Hallonbergen towards the new station for Tvärbanan (commuting tram).

x2

The motorized highway was once a dominating presence in the valley between Ursvik and and its neighboring communities. But with the proposal of redefining the highway as a versatile pathway which allows several key elements of the area to be reintroduced and strengthened the area is allowed to flourish yet again. The winding river flows in the breeze as the communities again gather around the soothing stream. The green space calms the inhabitants presenting them once again with a firsthand access to their ever longing nature reserve. The strengthened pedestrian pathways ensures that the inhabitants once again can mount their horses as well as their bicycles and venture out in their surroundings and beyond. The extended allotment gardens offer healing effects as more and more inhabitants get to harvest both their fruit and their spirits. The community also welcomes new residents that thanks to the versatile reincarnated highway now can afford to move in to their very own apartment securing not only a roof over their heads but also the communities comforting embrace.

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Closest to buy candy! Feels like wall to north side!

Gas station Hallongbergen centre

Dead meadow

Walking path to Rissne

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Walking to MacDonalds Hanging out!

Related Plans

Ursviks koloniträdgårdsförening was chosen as a study group since they represent a variety of people resided in the surrounding area and also through their work at the strategically placed allotments uphold valuable insight and physical experience of the study area. However, some consideration should be made over the fact that most people in the association is middle age and have a strong interest towards low scale farming.

Walking path to Ursvik

No mans land

Recreation in slope Abandonned pit!

Horse and rider using the western crossing.

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GIS-Data

do

Feels far away!

Outdoor recreation center

Villa area

In

Citizen Participation

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0 - 20 people/250m2

Encapsulated like a fortress!

7 The planning department of Sundbybergs participatory project Park Lek is closely related to my project both by similar goals of increased citizen participation and its close vicinity to my case study area. The Park Lek project fully explores the possibilities and outcomes of a well planned and executed participation process. The ambition with my project is adding on to that by trying to find ways of combining and integrating these citizen participation processes with a variety of different methods, varying from space syntax to traditional observations. This way the repertoire of urban planning is tested and expanded offering better tools in dealing with complex urban projects.

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s

24 Crossings

Empirical Studies

Observational Research

n' t th

em

Citizen Particiaption Interviews

Citizens

Expanding the Repetoire of Urban Planning & Design

ul

t se

The methodological framework in this project was based on two main aspects that both reflect important features within the field of urban planning and design. The first aspect deals with segregated communites within urban environments and how in-between spaces causing barrier effects can be dealt with by implementing social and ecological qualities. The second aspect attends to the urban design process itself and examines how citizen participation can be more intertwined with the design process as a whole, and thusly interact sufficiently with other aspects of the process.

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Since part of the ambition was to be able to bring the physical model into the field and work on it there it had to be constructed in a way so that it can be portable. This was solved by attaching strings to the model and so forth create the possibility to hang it on to a person.

200 - 750 people/250m2

20 - 200 people/250m2

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Methodological Approach

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Making the Physical Model Portable

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SEB landmark Symbol for coming home!

Recreation center

Case Studies

Urban Curator

GIS-Data

Traffic Department

In the field of urban planning and design the Actor-Network Theory presents a valueable tool for dealing with the complexity of relations in our urban environments. Understanding the correlations within the process between both actors and materials and how they converge and acts as a whole is crucial for fully understanding the process. The ambition of using this theory is to instill the aspect of time within the Actor-Network and so forth be able to not only create a deep understanding for the interrealtions within the network but also how they appear over time througout the process.

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Rissne centre

Actor-Network Theory as a Tool

Horses

Walking path to Hallonbergen

Meeting place!

Recreation center

Bus line

Open Ended Citizen Platform

Frequently used!

Dynamic Participation Graph Figure [ii] shows how the interaction between citizens and the urban design sector can be challenged in order to create a more dynamic exchange. The focus is directed towards a flexible interaction that takes advantage of the platform throughout the urban design process.

Between the two previous housing and park scenarios the in between flexible open ended scenario is presented. The ambition is to allow for creative new inputs based on the two previous scenarios by letting the participator freely attach moveable pieces on to the empty velcro area. They are also presented with two scenarios in order to put the area into context. First the participator is encouraged to think back on their childhood in order to activate how this new area would connect to the activities of a childs upbringing. Then they are encouraged to continue to think ahead towards a young adults struggle for independence to be able to put the study are into the context of the demands and needs of society.

Citizen Participation Concept In The Production of Space Henri Lefebvre makes a valid input when he points out that how much expertise you bring in to a project is still eqvuivalently limited and might even be futile if no heed is paid to the existing and projected social structures. Therefor it is important to aknowledge the importance of citizen participation within the creation of spaces to maintain a deep understanding and ensure that relevance of the space for the users at hand.

Groups of Interest

10

Hållbar Urbanisering av Enköpingsvägen i Sundbyberg

05a

05b

Street Z

Sport Facility Railway Tracks

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se

To the right the three different crossings that allows access to the other side of the highway is illustrated. The western crossing is situated above street level reaching over the highway whereas the middle one is in line with the street level and the eastern crossing is situated in a tunnel below the highway.

Stream

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Housing Street X

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TheDifferent Crossings

750 - 1500 people/250m2

Boardwalk

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By looking at a space syntax analysis made by Spacescape for the municipality and my modified representation of population density by SCB conclusion could be made about the areas prerequisites. The diagrams show how the lesser densified northern parts have spatial possibilites of creating a well populated and active urban area.

Commercial

Park

ar

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Space Syntax Analysis

Housing

.”

Interaction Participation Feedback 1500 - 4500 people/250m2

Housing Street Y

Reincarnation of a Highway

Establishing Access to the Green Network

Low

Urban Curating Stance

A

Green Space

Design Proposal The design proposal presents a development strategy that correlates with the continuous progress througout the work. The proposal reflects the different layers intitated in the beginning through the methodological framework and executes a plan that have the potential of significantly lessen the barrier effects in the area and thusly bringing the different communitites closer to each other. Both social and ecological qualities are also dealt with and strengthen in an effort of reestablishing Sndbybergs balanced interplay between urbanity and green elements.

A

Between the 1940s and the 1960s major cities across the world experienced a move of population and economic investment to suburban areas. As a consequence of this large highway systems were built aiming to maintain the same access to amenitites as before. However, although these highways did offer effective transportation for motor vehicles their impacts on the urban communities where on the contrary in a lot of cases rather adverse. As a consequence of redistribution in the highway system the area around Enköpingsvägen in Sundbyberg is changing its character from a highway extension to a local street. This transformation presents an interesting case study for examining how the negative effects of highway systems can be lessened and how vibrant urban landscapes that strenghtens green and blue qualities can be initiated instead. The process of this case study will also be used to investigate how a more flexible interaction between different actors and data can be obtained to ensure that the different solutions for development is fully explored.

Financially Viable Housing Project

On the Threshold of Decisive Design When going in to the latter decisive stages of urban design processes problem solving and weighing different solutions towards each other are often common tools being used. However, for different reasons these processes are often closed within a defined unit of professionals and not consequently open to outside influence. However I would argue that depending on the outlook of the project it might be necessary to overcome this threshold and create a more flexible back and forth interaction within the full extent of the design process in order to ultimately attain a fully developed solution for the planned area. For me this is done by going back into the field with a open ended model presenting the particpators with my developed alternatives based on my park and housing scenarios. Within this model a plattform for rearranging the study area is also made to create a tool for new concepts and inputs to be contextualized into the plan.

A

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