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Track down Newcastle’s hidden history. Keep your eyes open for clues. Have fun exploring! I spy Trail solved by:


Find your way around the Castle Keep

Roof Gallery Unfinished Stairs

Great Hall

Well room

King’s chamber Queen’s chamber Lower Hall

Garrison room

Entrance

Chapel


1. Find the Garrison Room. This room was used as a store room for weapons and food. Later on it was used as a prison. What remains of the prison can you find?

2. Find the Chapel. The decorations on the arches show this was an important room. Draw the decoration around the arches.


3. Find the display in the Queen’s Chamber. What do you think these objects were used for?

4. Find a toilet. We call it the garderobe. How is it different to the toilet in your home?


5. Find the Well. Water was necessary to survive inside the Keep during war. Why are there two sinks next to the well?

Clue: look at the pillar in the Garrison Room.

6. There are a lot of stairs to climb. Why do you think the stairs are so steep?


7. Look at the windows in the Gallery. Why do you think they made the windows this shape?

8. Can you find the Unfinished Stairs? Can you find marks in the stone? Here are some examples. They are all over the castle keep. What do you think they mean?


9. Climb the top of the stairs to the roof. Look at the views – you can see for miles! No wonder a castle was built here. Imagine how different the area was 800 years ago when the castle was being built. Draw a map of what Old Newcastle may have looked like around the castle – there’s a key to get you started. Don’t forget the Black Gate, the main gate into the Castle!

Key Castle Church Castle Wall River


Newcastle’s Coat of Arms Coats of arms were originally needed to identify who was fighting who in battle, as their faces were hidden under helmets. The motto means ‘triumphing by a brave defence’. Design your own coat of arms and motto


Find your way around St. Nicholas Cathedral Lady Chapel

Lantern Café & Toilets Quire St George’s Chapel The Unknown Knight

Nave St Margaret’s Chapel

Entrance


1. Find St Margaret’s Chapel. Can you find the medieval stained glass panel of Mary and Jesus?

No

one today knows how to create the

blue colour in the glass – it’s a medieval mystery! Have you got any ideas?

2. Stand in the middle of the Nave. This is the main body of the church. Can you imagine a large empty space with no pews? The church has been used for lots of different purposes over the years –

tick which statements you think are true.

The church was one of the first

Services of Christian worship

public libraries in England

Markets were held here in medieval times

Peace treaties between England and Scotland were signed here in the 15th century


3. Find The Unknown Knight. This statue is about 800 years old! Can you make out his sword and shield? Who do you think he is?

4. Head back to the nave and look up at the ceiling. Can you see all the decorations? These are called bosses. Bosses were often carved with faces, animals and coats of arms. Draw your own boss.


5. Find the carved wood in the Quire. Clergy have used this area for daily prayers since medieval times. The high altar can be seen at the top end. Look at the dark wooden carvings. What animals can you find?

6. Head to the Lady Chapel. Can you find the Roger Thornton brass? Roger Thornton is nicknamed the ‘Dick Whittington’ of Newcastle. He was Mayor of Newcastle 600 years ago.

7. The Cathedral’s tower with its lantern top was used as a lighthouse by sailors on the river. No wonder the Cathedral is dedicated to St. Nicholas. He is the patron saint of boats and sailors. Can you find any images of him around the cathedral? Clue: look in St George’s Chapel.


8. The Cathedral is full of stained glass windows. Use the map to mark where the following windows can be found.

Quire St George’s Chapel

Nave St Margaret’s Chapel

Look out for the tower when you leave: the lantern still shines at night to this day!


Design your own stained glass window.


St Nicholas’ Church This Geordie song is over 150 years old! It was written by Robert Nunn. Try singing it on the way back to school, to the tune of ‘Auld Lang Syne’. O bonny church! Ye’ve studden lang, Te mence wor canny toon, But aw believe ye are se strang, Ye niver will fa’ doon. The architects, wi’ a’ their wit, May say that ye will fa’; But let them talk – I’ll match ye yet Against the churches a’. [CHORUS] Of a’ the churches in wor land, Let them be e’er se braw, St Nicholas’ of Newcastle town Yet fairly bangs them a’.


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